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State Government
Employee Compensation,
1972
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
1976
Bulletin 1899




State Government
Employee Compensation,

1972
U.S. Department of Labor
W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
1976
Bulletin 1899

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Stock number 029-001-01883-5
Class number L 2.3:1899




Preface

This bulletin presents the results of a study by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of hourly
expenditures made during 1972 by the 50 State governments to compensate their employees
(excluding those in higher education). A summary of the survey results was published in
Bureau of Labor Statistics Report 433, State Government Employee Compensation: U.S.
Summary, 1972, issued in February 1975. Individual reports on compensation of employees
in each of the State governments were issued in late 1974 and early 1975 in the Report 433
series.
Data are presented on the level and structure of State employee compensation in the
United States as a whole, and for nine economic regions, as well as for each of the 50 States.
Separate data are presented for two large functional sectors of State government: Hospitals
and highways. Compensation of State government employees is analyzed in Part I and in Part
II the use of paid leave and work hours is described. Data on State government policies and
practices affecting selected compensation elements are analyzed in Part III. In Part IV the
structure of compensation in State governments is compared with that in the Federal
Government and the private nonfarm sector of the economy.
Data for the study were collected by the Bureau of the Census as part of the 1972
Quinquennial Census of Governments, and were reviewed, tabulated, and analyzed by the
Bureau of Labor Statistics. This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau’s Office of Wages and
Industrial Relations, Division of General Compensation Structures. The analysis was prepared
by Theodore Bleecker, Charlotte D. Brashears, and Paul L. Scheible. The statistical tabulations
were designed and produced by Melvin D. Eggleston and Patricia B. Smith. The project was
executed under the direction of Alvin Bauman.




Contents

Page
Introduction........................................................................................................................................................................

1

Part I: Level and structure of compensation......................................................................................................................
All agencies ................................................................................................................................................................
Pay for working time ......................................................................................................................................
Retirement programs .......................................................................................................................................
Pay for leave (except sick leave)......................................................................................................................
Life insurance and health benefit programs.....................................................................................................
Unemployment benefit programs....................................................................................................................
Highway agencies.......................................................................................................................................................
Hospitals ....................................................................................................................................................................
Regional differences .................................................................................................................................................

2
2
2
3
4
4
4
5
6
7

Part II: Paid hours of work and leave ................................................................................................................................ 9
All agencies ................................................................................................................................................................ 9
Highway agencies and hospitals..................................................................................................
9
Regional patterns........................................................
10
Part III: Selected compensation policies and practices .....................................................................................................
Standard hours ..................................................................................................
Vacation leave...........................................................................................................................................................
Holidays......................................................................................................................................................................
Sick leave....................................................................................................................................................................
Retirement and insurance programs..........................................................................................................................
Part IV: Comparisons with the Federal Government and private sectors ........................................................................

11
11
11
12
12
13
14

Charts:

1. Structure of compensation of Stategovernment employees, 1972 ................................................................... 2
2. Percent distribution of State government employment by total compensation per hour of work and by
function, 1972 ........................................................................................................................................
3
Text tables:
1. Number of paid holidays, by number of States and percent of employment, State governments, 1972.... 12
2. Paid holidays, by number of States and percent of employment, State governments, 1972 ................
12
Reference tables:
1. Employee compensation in State governments, by type of agency, 1972 ...................................................... 16
2. Distribution of employment and States by hourly expenditures for total compensation,
pay for working time, and straight-time pay, by type of agency, 1972....................................................... 17
3. Distribution of employment and States by expenditures for pay for working time and straight-time pay
as a percent of total compensation, by type of agency, 1972 ...................................................................... 18




Contents— Continued

Reference tables— Continued

Page

Distribution of employment by State government expenditures for selected compensation items, 1972:
4. All agencies: As cents per work hour .............................................................................................................
5. All agencies: As percent of total compensation .............................................................................................
6. Highway agencies: As cents per work hour ...................................................................................................
7. Highway agencies: As percent of total compensation....................................................................................
8. Hospitals: As cents per work h o u r..................................................................................................................
9. Hospitals: As percent of total compensation .................................................................................................
Employee compensation in State governments, 1972:
10.

All agencies:
a. New England States ..............................................................................................................................
b. Middle Atlantic States............................................................................................................................
c. East North Central States ......................................................................................................................
d. West North Central States ...................................................................................................................
e. South Atlantic States ............................................................................................................................
f. East South Central States ......................................................................................................................
g. West South Central States ...................................................................................................................
h. Mountain States ....................................................................................................................................
i. Pacific States .........................................................................................................................................
11. Highway agencies:
a. New England States ..............................................................................................................................
b. Middle Atlantic States............................................................................................................................
c. East North Central States ......................................................................................................................
d. West North Central States ....................................................................................................................
e. South Atlantic States ............................................................................................................................
f. East South Central States....................................................................................................
g. West South Central States ....................................................................................................................
h. Mountain States ....................................................................................................................................
i. Pacific States .........................................................................................................................................
12. Hospitals:
a. New England States ..............................................................................................................................
b. Middle Atlantic States............................................................................................................................
c. East North Central States ......................................................................................................................
d. West North Central States......................................................................................................................
e. South Atlantic States ............................................................................................................................
f. East South Central S tates......................................................................................................................
g. West South Central States......................................................................................................................
h. Mountain States ....................................................................................................................................
i. Pacific States ........................................................................................................................................
13. All other agencies:
a. New England States................................................................................................................................
b. Middle Atlantic States............................................................................................................................
c. East North Central S tates......................................................................................................................
d. West North Central States......................................................................................................................
e. South Atlantic States ............................................................................................................................
f. East South Central States ......................................................................................................................
g. West South Central States.....................................................................................................................
h. Mountain States ....................................................................................................................................
i. Pacific States .........................................................................................................................................



19
20
21
22
23
24

25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60

Contents— Continued

Reference tables— Continued

pa^e

Composition of paid hours in State governments (except higher education), 1972:
14.
15.
16.
17.

All agencies.......................................................................................................................................................
Highway agencies.............................................................................................................................................
Hospitals...........................................................................................................................................................
All other agencies.............................................................................................................................................

61
62
63
64

18.

Distribution of employment by overtime and paid leave as percent of all paid hours, by type of agency,
1972 ................................................................................................................................................................
Distribution of employment and States by annual leave earned and years of service, 1972 ........................
Distribution of employment and States by type of insurance program, 1972 ...............................................
Compensation structure of State and Federal governments and private industry .........................................

65
66
66
67

19.
20.
21.

Appendix: Survey methods and definitions of terms ....................................................................................................... 68




Introduction

This study measures the direct and indirect payments
made by the States to their employees in order to
determine total employee compensation. Direct payments
to workers include pay for hours worked, leave, certain
bonuses and awards, and severance pay. Indirect payments
include payments to third parties for employee benefits
which provide a measure of protection against the eco­
nomic hazards of old age, death, disability, illness, and
unemployment. Third parties include government trust
funds (such as those for social security, unemployment
insurance, and State retirement plans) as well as private
insurance carriers, and service organizations (such as Blue
Cross), which provide health benefits and disability and life
insurance.
The data relate to both full-time and part-time workers
who are employed on a temporary, probationary, or
permanent basis. Only employees of agencies and institu­
tions in higher education (i.e. colleges and universities) are
excluded.1
The compensation concept employed in this study is
essentially the same as that for similar studies of the private
sector conducted by the Bureau. An important difference is
the method by which vacation and sick leave is measured.
In the private sector studies, such leave is measured by the
amount of time used during the year, regardless of when it
was earned. In this study, it was not practical to obtain data
on leave used. Consequently, the amount of leave time
earned during the survey reference week was utilized as the
measure and projected to a full year. In most State
jurisdictions each employee acquires a set amount of
vacation and sick leave for each period in which he is in pay
status; this amount is regarded as earned leave. Leave may
be used at some time during the employee’s period of
service (subject to restrictions such as the maximum
amount which may be accumulated). Since many em­
ployees do not in a given year use all the leave acquired in




that year—
particularly sick leave—earned leave generally
exceeds leave which is used, and therefore is often a larger
portion of compensation. For example, in the Federal
Government during calendar 1973 earned annual leave
exceeded used leave by less than 5 percent, while earned
sick leave was 33 percent larger than the amount used.2
The hours and expenditures for both of these types of
leave as well as civic and personal leave were estimated from
the amounts earned during the pay period including
October 15, 1972.3 This method probably yields results
which could differ from the actual annual figures, especially
data for items which are sporadic or seasonal, such as
personal and vacation leave and data for agencies, such as
highways departments, where employment may be season­
al.
Some elements of compensation that exist in the private
sector are rarely, if ever, found in State governments.
Among these are employer contributions to employee
savings and thrift plans, vacation and holiday funds, and
outlays for supplemental unemployment benefits.
This bulletin shows expenditures per work hour (hours
devoted to the output of governmental services) rather than
per paid hour (which includes leave hours). The former
better shows the cost to the employer and the benefit to
the employee for each hour actually worked. Also the data
are more nearly comparable to those available for the
private sector and the Federal Government. (See Part IV.)
Comparisons of both the level and structure of compen­
sation among individual States or groups of States, the
Federal Government, and the private sector should be made
cautiously. Although differences among the averages may
reflect varying levels of pay and other components of
compensation for identical occupations, the averages also
reflect differences in the occupational composition of the
work forces.

Part I.

Level and Structure of Compensation

All agencies

' Compensation of the approximately 1,700,000 employ­
ees of State governments4 within the scope of the survey
averaged $5.40 per work hour (table 1). Of this amount,
$4.04, or 74.9 percent, was in the form of pay for working
time.5 Slightly in excess of 9 percent of total compensation
(49 cents per work hour) consisted of employer contribu­
tions to retirement programs, while 48 cents or 8.9 percent
were outlays for annual, holiday, and personal leave.
Expenditures by the States for life and health insurance and
accident compensation were 37 cents per hour of work, or
6.8 percent: Only very small sums were devoted by State
governments, to unemployment insurance6 and severance
pay, and to special awards or other nonproduction bonuses
(chart 1).




Over three-fifths of all employees (61.9 percent) were
concentrated in the 36 States where total hourly compensa­
tion ranged between $4 and $5.49 (table 2). Two States,
Arkansas and Tennessee, paid between $3.50 and $3.98,
five States, Alaska, Connecticut, Michigan, New Jersey, and
New York, expended $6.50 or more per work hour. Chart 2
shows a percent distribution of State government employ­
ment by total compensation per hour of work and
function.
State government employees aver­
aged $4.04 per hour as pay for working time. Over 90
percent of all workers were employed in the 45 States
where average pay for working time ranged from $3 to
$4.99 per hour of work (table 2). Only 2 States, New
Jersey and Alaska, exceeded hourly pay for working time
of $5. Arkansas, Tennessee, and West Virginia paid less than
$3 an hour.
Pay for working time amounted to approximately
three-fourths of all compensation. Over four-fifths of all
State government employees were working in the 40 State
governments where the ratio of pay for working time to
total compensation was 74 percent but less than 80 percent
(table 3); nearly half (47.3 percent) were in the 21 States
where the ratio was at least 76 percent but under 78
percent. Only in South Dakota, pay for working time
exceeded 80 percent of total compensation.
The ratio of pay for working time to total compensation
varies inversely with the level of compensation. However,
the pattern is less pronounced in State governments than in
the private sector.7 Among the 17 States where total
compensation exceeded the national average of $5.40, the
ratio of pay for working time to total compensation was
73.4 percent, or 1.5 percentage points below the national
ratio; in the 33 States where compensation was below the
national average the ratio was 76.8 percent, or 1.9 points
above the national ratio.
Although all States reported premiums for work beyond
the normal work day or week, such as for overtime,
weekend and holiday work, or late shifts, these differentials
were a very small portion of pay for working time. Such
payments amounted to 3 cents per work hour on tha
average (table 4) and were only 0.5 percent of total
compensation (table 5). Nearly half of all workers (47
percent) were in States where such payments were less than
2 cents per hour; the remainder were highly concentrated in
States where premium pay was between 2 and 8 cents an
hour. Nearly 90 percent of all workers were employed in

Pay for working time.

Chart 2.
Percent Distribution of State Government Employment by Total Compensation
Per Hour of Work and by Function, 1972
Percent of total State Government Employment
50

Under
$4.00

$4.00
to
$4.99

$4.50
to
4.99

$4.50
to
$4.99

$5.03
to
$5.49

$5.50
to
$5.99

$6.50
to
$6.99

$7.00
and
Over

Note: Percentages m ay not add to 100 doe to rounding.

States where premium pay was less than 1 percent of total
compensation. Premium pay did not exceed 2 percent of
compensation in any State (table 5).
State expenditures for retirement
programs (including contributions to State government
pension and retirement systems and to the Federal Social
Security Program-OASDHI), which represented the second
largest element in the compensation package, averaged 49
cents an hour (9.1 percent of total compensation). Retire­
ment programs alone accounted for 36 percent of all
employer outlays beyond pay for working time.
In 1972, nearly 9 out of 10 full-time State employees
(including those in higher education) were covered by a
retirement program by a State government, and 3 out of 4
were covered by Social Security.
Eighty-four percent of State government workers were
concentrated in States where retirement outlays ranged
between 30 and 60 cents an hour; 10 percent worked for
States where outlays were at least 70 cents. All States
devoted at least 5 percent of compensation to retirement
programs; 2 out of 5 workers were employed in States
which spent between 8 and 9 percent of compensation for
retirement.
Over two-thirds of retirement program outlays were for
State pension plans, which amounted to 33 cents per hour,

Retirement programs.




or 6.1 percent of total compensation. Three-fourths of all
State government employees worked in States where
government contributions were at least 3 but less than 7
percent of total compensation. Nearly two-thirds (65
percent) of all State employees were in States where
pension plan outlays were at least 20 cents but less than 50
cents an hour (twenty-four percent alone were between 25
and 30 cents).
The New York State retirement system exerted a
substantial influence on the national totals since it account­
ed for a quarter of all State pension plan contributions and
nearly 1 of every 12 State government workers. New York
was the only State where contributions to State plans
exceeded 70 cents an hour and provided as much as 10
percent of total compensation. Additionally, only New
York covers all pension plan costs (all other plans are
financed both by the State and by those employees
participating in the plan). If New York’s contributions were
excluded from the national totals, retirement outlays would
have averaged only 27 cents an hour or 5.2 percent of total
compensation.
Social security expenditures were 16 cents an hour when
averaged over all States and 18 cents an hour for States
reporting social security outlays. These expenditures ac­
counted for one-third of retirement costs in all States, and
almost three-eighths in the 45 States (with 90 percent of all

workers) providing coverage.8 In fiscal year 1972, employ­
ers were required to pay 5.2 percent of only the first
$8,5009 of each employee’s annual salary into the social
security fund. Furthermore, in some States substantial
numbers of workers were not covered by the system. Thus,
on a national basis, the average for social security outlays
was less than 5 percent of payroll.
Over three-fifths of all workers, and seven-tenths of
those workers in States with social security expenses, were
in States where these outlays amounted to between 3 and 4
percent of total compensation. Hourly costs of 16 to 18
cents were reported by States employing 2 of every 5
workers, and a fifth of all workers were employed in States
where outlays were between 20 and 25 cents per hour.
Pay for leave (except sick leave). Pay for leave (except sick
leave), the third largest component of compensation,
amounting to 48 cents per work hour or 8.9 percent of
total compensation, constituted more than one-third (35.5
percent) of all compensation beyond pay for working time.
All workers were in States where outlays for leave were at
least 30 cents an hour and 84 percent were fairly evenly
spread among States in which expenditures were between
30 and 60 cents an hour. Over half of all employees were in
States where leave outlays were between 9 and 10 percent
of total compensation, and nearly one-fourth were in States
where leave pay constituted between 8 and 9 percent of all
compensation.
The provision of vacation leave is universal among State
governments. In 1972, the hourly cost of vacation leave
earned by State employees was 28 cents an hour, or just
under three-fifths of all leave pay and over 5 percent of
total compensation. Practically all employees were in States
where hourly outlays averaged between 18 and 50 cents,
and over one-third were concentrated in States with
expenditures between 25 and 30 cents per hour. Over half
of all workers were in States where earned vacation leave
was 5 to 6 percent of total compensation, and nearly
three eighths were in the 4- to 5-percent bracket.
All 50 States had paid holidays for their employees. The
expense generated by these holidays averaged 18 cents an
hour and accounted for three-eighths of the total leave
component. Overall, holiday payments represented 3.4
percent of total compensation. Employment was evenly but
narrowly distributed about this mean. For 3 out of 5
workers, State employers paid out between 3 and 4 percent
of compensation for this leave item.
Civic and personal leave (including military leave) in
some form was paid for by all the States, but this type of
leave is not taken by employees on a regular basis. To some
extent this leave is seasonal, mainly because military leave is
taken chiefly in spring or summer. Since this survey was
conducted in mid-October, the amount of leave taken was
probably understated.10 Thus, during the survey period, 1
in 14 workers was employed in a State which provided no
outlays for civic or personal leave. Moreover, more than 90
percent of workers in States with such outlays were in



States where civic and personal leave expenses constituted
less than 1 percent of total compensation. As a result, civic
and personal leave averaged nationally only 2 cents an hour,
or 0.4 percent of total compensation.
Life insurance and health benefit programs. Life insurance
and health benefit programs (including earned sick leave)
were wholly or partially provided in some form by every
State at an average cost of 37 cents per work hour.11 These
expenditures represented 6.8 percent of total compensation
and accounted for somewhat more than one-fourth of
compensation beyond pay for working time. About onethird of all State government employees were in States
where hourly costs for this group of compensation items
ranged between 20 and 30 cents; another third were
employed by States with hourly expenditures of 30 to 40
cents, one-quarter were in States with expenditures of 50 to
60 cents (table 4).
Well over two-thirds of all expenditures for those
programs represented the value of sick leave earned. Sick
leave is the sole protection afforded State government
employees and their families against loss of income due to
temporary absence from work because of the worker’s
illness or injury. One-half of all workers were employed in
States where earned sick leave expenditures ranged from 18
to 25 cents hourly, and one-fourth were in States that spent
25 to 30 cents.
Sick leave, which on the average accounted for nearly
4.7 percent of employee compensation, ranged from 3 to 6
percent of total compensation for 94 percent of all
employees. In Iowa and Maryland, however, the value of
earned sick leave slightly exceeded 9.0 percent, reflecting
the 30 days of leave which their employees earned
annually.
Life, accident, or health insurance was provided by 45 of
the 50 States, employing nearly 90 percent of all State
government workers. Half of all workers were employed in
States where outlays for insurance programs were between
6 and 12 cents per hour, and nearly a fifth were in States
where insurance outlays ranged between 16 and 25 cents an
hour. In 1972, life, accident, and health insurance plans
represented less than 5 percent of total compensation in all
States. Of the workers in States with these programs, nearly
two-thirds were in States where expenditures amounted to
less than 2 percent of compensation. The remainder were in
States which spent between 2 and 5 percent of total
compensation for such insurance.
Although all but three States reported outlays for
workers’ disability compensation in 1972, it was a relatively
small component of compensation. Such expenditures
averaged 2 cents an hour and 0.5 percent of total
compensation. Less than one-fourth of all workers were in
States where workers’ disability compensation cost more
than 4 cents an hour.
Unemployment benefit programs. Expenditures for un­
employment benefit programs averaged only 1 cent an hour

and represented a mere 0.2 percent of compensation,
largely because 3 out of 8 State employees worked for
States that did not provide them with such protection.
Almost one-half (48 percent) were employed by States that
did have unemployment insurance— because of few
but
layoffs, these States spent less than 2 cents an hour for it.
By contrast, private industry spent on the average 5 cents a
work hour in 1972 for unemployment insurance.
Severance pay is a relatively minor item in State
employee compensation. Seventeen percent of all employ­
ees worked in States where no expenditure was reported,
and 75 percent of all employees were concentrated in
States where expenditures for this item were less than 2
cents an hour. In no State did outlays for severance pay
amount to as much as 1 percent of compensation.
Highway agencies

Total compensation of highway employees, who con­
stituted 17 percent of all State workers (except those in
higher education), at $5.37 per hour of working time, was
only slightly less than the national average for all State
employees surveyed. As can be seen in table 1, the structure
of compensation of highway workers follows, with only
minor deviations, the pattern for all State government
workers studied.
More than two-thirds of all highway workers were in the
34 States where their total compensation fell between $4
and $6. The distribution of State highway departments and
their employees by compensation per hour of work is
shown below:
Hourly compensation
Total .................
Less than $ 4 .0 0 .................
$4.00—$ 4 .4 9 ......................
$4.50—$ 4 .9 9 ......................
$5.00—$ 5 .4 9 .......................
$5.50—$ 5 .9 9 .......................
$6.00 and o v e r .................

Number o f States
50
3
10
5
9
10
13

Percent o f
employment
100.0
7.4
20.0
10.1
19.1
18.1
25.4

Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

Pay for working time averaged $4.05 per hour worked
by employees of highway agencies in State governments, or
75.4 percent of their compensation. Four of every 5 State
highway workers were employed in the 38 States where
hourly pay for working time was between $3 and $5 per
hour.
Straight-time pay amounted to $4.01 per hour worked,
or 74.7 percent of total compensation. Over four-fifths
(81.9 percent) of all workers were in the 39 States where
straight-time pay was between $3 and $5.
Expenditures by State governments for retirement bene­
fits for highway workers represented 8.6 percent of total
compensation and amounted to 46 cents per hour worked.
These outlays were somewhat less than the national levels
of 9.1 percent and 49 cents per hour for all State



employees. Most of the highway workers (85 percent) were
employed in States where retirement program outlays were
between 30 and 60 cents an hour, and two-fifths were in
the range between 8 and 9 percent of total compensation.
The 3-cents-an-hour difference between retirement plan
contributions for highway employees and for all State
employees is entirely due to the lower level of contri­
butions to the State retirement plan for highway employ­
ees. The other retirement expense— security taxes—is
social
almost the same for both groups.
Social security contributions by State highway agencies
were 17 cents an hour, or 3.2 percent of total compensa­
tion. If employees of States where no such outlays were
made (12 percent of all highway employees) are excluded,
outlays equaled 19 cents per hour and were 3.6 percent of
total compensation. About two-thirds of all highway
department employees were concentrated in States where
their social security costs averaged between 16 and 25 cents
an hour, or 3 to 5 percent of compensation.
Pay for leave of highway workers cost State governments
48 cents per hour worked, and accounted for 9 percent of
total compensation. Although every State provided its
highway workers both vacation and holiday leave, States
employing 2 of every 5 highway workers recorded no civic
and personal leave during the October survey period. Since
all States provide for such leave for a majority of their
workers, the omission was probably due to the concentra­
tion of this leave at other times of the year.12
About 90 percent of all highway workers were in States
paying from 30 up to 70 cents per working hour for leave,
and 3 out of 5 were in States where expenditures were
between 30 and 50 cents.
The largest component of pay for leave is vacation pay.
Highway agencies laid out 28 cents an hour for this
component, representing 34 percent of total compensation.
Vacation pay for over four-fifths of all highway workers
ranged from 20 to 40 cents an hour; for nearly two-fifths, it
fell between 25 and 30 cents.
Civic and personal leave accounted only for 2 cents an
hour when all States were averaged and 3 cents when only
States reporting such leave were averaged. Only one-fourth
of all workers were in States where this type of leave cost as
much as 2 cents per hour.
Financing by State governments of life insurance and
health benefits for highway employees amounted to 36
cents an hour, or 6.8 percent of compensation, which is
roughly equivalent to the national averages for all State
employees. About 2 of every 5 employees were employed
in highway administration agencies where hourly outlays
for these benefits ranged from 30 to 40 cents, representing
between 5 and 7 percent of compensation.
Earned sick leave was valued at 25 cents per hour and
represented 4.7 percent of total compensation, reflecting
the tendency already noted for States to use sick leave as
the chief means of maintaining incomes of employees
incapacitated by illness or injury. About three-tenths of the
workers were in States where earned sick leave amounted to

between 20 and 25 cents an hour, a similar proportion of
workers were concentrated where it was 25 to 30 cents.
Sick leave for nearly 90 percent of all employees ranged
between 3 and 6 percent of total compensation.
Life and health insurance benefits paid for in whole or
part by State governments amounted to 8 cents per hour
for all highway employees and 10 cents per hour for
highway employees of those States providing these types of
benefits, which employed over four-fifths of all high­
way %
workers. This distribution of employees .by size
of hourly payment for these benefits showed a wide
range (table 6), from less than 2 cents to nearly 50
cents an hour. However, nearly half of the employ­
ees were in States where expenditures ranged from 6
up to 12 cents an hour.
Expenditures for life, accident, and health insurance
were less than 2 percent of total compensation, and
represented less than one-quarter of outlays for all life
insurance and health benefits. For nearly 80 percent of all
highway employees and 95 percent of those in States with
such expenditures, these outlays amounted to less than 3
percent of total compensation (table 7).
Workers’ disability compensation is a relatively insignif­
icant program in State governments. In States employing 4
out of 5 workers it amounted to less than 1 percent of
compensation.
Expenditures for unemployment benefits for highway
workers were less than those for all State government
workers because of the much lower incidence of such
benefits for the former group. The substantial difference in
their incidence is shown by the following tabulation:
Type o f benefit

Percent o f workers in States with
unemployment benefit programs
A il agencies

Highway agencies

All unemployment
b en efits...................

71

28

Unemployment insurance..........
Severance p a y ...............................

63
23

24
6

Hospitals

State hospitals expended $4.80 per hour of work to
compensate their employees, who constituted approxi­
mately one quarter of all State employees outside of higher
educational institutions. This hourly rate was 11 percent
lower than the rate for all State workers ($5.40) mainly
because hospitals have an exceptionally high proportion of
low-paying jobs (table 2). Approximately one-half of
hospital workers were in 31 States where total compensa­
tion for such workers averaged less then $4.50 (table 2);
only one-fifth of all employees were in the 14 States which
averaged less than this amount.
Pay for working time amounted to $3.56 an hour, or
74.3 percent of total compensation. This was a slightly
smaller percentage than for other employees chiefly be­
cause pay for working time was lower, while components



which are not part of wages and salaries (such as expendi­
tures for State retirement plans and for life insurance and
health benefit programs) were approximately the same. Pay
for working time ranged from $2.50 to $4 an hour in the
39 States employing over two-thirds of all hospital workers.
Straight-time pay for State hospital employees amount­
ed to $3.52, or 73.5 percent of total compensation.
Straight-time pay for hospital workers, like total pay for
time worked, was well below the level for all State
employees because of the higher proportion of low-paid
workers. Approximately one-quarter of the employees
worked in the 19 States where hourly straight-time pay was
less than $3, and slightly over two-fifths worked in States
where average hourly straight-time pay was $3 but less than
$4. Few employees worked in hospitals where straight-time
pay was as high as $5 an hour. About 3 of every 4 hospital
workers were in States whose straight-time pay ranged
between 72 percent of total compensation to nearly 80
percent (table 3).
Pay for leave of hospital workers amounted to 43 cents
per work hour, or 5 cents less than for all State workers,
mainly reflecting the lower level of hourly compensation
(table 8). However, leave pay was 8.9 percent of total
compensation (table 9)— same as the proportion for all
the
State agencies— its structure generally followed the
and
pattern for all State workers.
Retirement programs for hospital workers amounted to
45 cents per hour, or 9.4 percent of total compensation.
While the hourly expenditure was slightly lower than for all
State workers, the proportion of total compensation for
hospital workers’ retirement programs slightly exceeded
that for all State employees.
Social security outlays by State governments averaged
14 cents an hour for hospital employees, or less than 3
percent of their compensation. Two-thirds of all employees
(78 percent of all workers in States with social security
contributions) were in states where such outlays amounted
to 12 to 25 cents per hour, and nearly four-fifths were
employed in States where social security outlays were from
3 to 5 percent of compensation.
Hourly expenditures for State-administered pension and
retirement systems for hospital workers varied widely from
4 cents per hour to $1.40 per hour reported by New York
State. However, over 40 percent of all hospital workers
were in States where outlays for State pension plans were
between 20 and 40 cents per hour and 3 to 5 percent of
total compensation.
Outlays for insurance and health benefits for hospital
workers in 1972 came to 34 cents an hour, 3 cents less than
for all State employees. However, these programs were 7.1
percent of total compensation of State hospital employees,
compared to 6.8 percent for such expenditures for all State
employees.
Over 70 percent of State outlays in this group were for
sick leave, which amounted to 24 cents an hour and
represented nearly $1 of every $20 of total compensation.
Over half of all employees were in States where sick leave

ranged between 20 and 30 cents an hour (about two-thirds
of these—32 percent of all employees—were concentrated
in the narrower interval ranging between 25 and 30 cents
hourly.
Expenditures for life, accident, and health benefits
amounted to 8 cents an hour, similar to those for other
State employees, and less than 2 percent of total compensa­
tion of State hospital workers.
Unemployment programs were a minor portion of the
total compensation of hospital employees, amounting to 1
cent an hour, or 1.2 percent of total compensation. Over
half of all State hospital agency workers were in States
without expenditures for either unemployment insurance
or severance pay.
Regional differences

Though total employee compensation varied widely
among the nine economic regions defined by the Office of
Management and Budget,13 compensation structures were
fairly similar, with the exception of one region, as shown
below and in tables lOa-lOi:
Total
compensation

Pay for working time
(percent o f
compensation)

Middle Atlantic . . .
Pacific .....................
East North
C e n tra l.................
New E n g la n d ..........

$6.66
6.14

70.4
76.2

5.76
5.60

75.7
75.0

National average . . .

5.40

74.9

M o u n ta in .................
West North
C e n tra l.................
South Atlantic . . . .
West South
C e n tra l.................
East South
C e n tra l.................

5.12

76.9

4.74
4.72

77.4
75.4

4.33

76.8

4.28

76.6

Region

Compensation was highest in the Middle Atlantic region
($6.66 an hour)—56 percent more than the low of $4.28
per hour recorded in the East South Central States. Pay for
working time ranges between 75.0 and 77.4 percent of total
compensation in every region but the Middle Atlantic,
where it represented only 70.4 percent of compensation: in
this instance, State pension plan expenditures were 9.6
percent of compensation, as compared to 5.9 percent in the
next highest region. The high proportion of compensation
devoted to State pension plans in the Middle Atlantic
region largely reflects pension expenditures in New York
State, which accounted for 14.0 percent of compensation.
The next greatest relative expenditure for such plans was in
Maine, 9.6 percent. However, employees of Maine, unlike
those of New York, were not covered by the Federal social
security program. In all other States without social security
outlays, payments to State pension plans exceeded the
national percentage of compensation for this item. How­
ever, with the exception of Maine, none of these States
exceeded the national pattern for total retirement expendi­



tures. Other significant differences from the national
pattern were few.
Contrary to the naitional pattern, paid leave was second
in importance to pay for working time in all but the Middle
Atlantic and East North Central regions, where retirement
programs ranked second t In the Middle Atlantic region, as
previously noted, the difference was attributable to unusu­
ally high expenditures for retirement; in the East North
Central region it was due to the low level of leave
expenditures— percent of compensation, compared to
7.9
8.9 percent nationally.
Expenditures for life insurance and health benefit plans
ranged from 5.8 percent of compensation in the East South
Central region to 8.2 percent in New England, the only
region in which such programs were relatively more
important than retirement plans.
Contrary to the pattern for all employees, highway
workers in the Pacific region had a higher level of
compensation than those in the Middle Atlantic region—
$6.69 and $6.37 per hour of work, respectively (tables
1 la-1 li). In both of these regions, hourly expenditures for
each major component of compensation were higher than
those in the seven other regions. Compared to the Middle
Atlantic States, in the Pacific region pay for working time
and for leave was higher, although there were lower
expenditures for retirement and health and insurance
benefits.
In 5 of the 9 regions, pay for leave, retirement outlays,
life insurance and health benefits, and expenses for unem­
ployment benefits shared the same order of magnitude after
pay for working time as the national pattern for highway
workers. However, in the Middle Atlantic, East North
Central, and the East South Central regions, retirement
outlays were the leading components after pay for working
time. In New England, where pay for leave was the chief
component of pay for other than working time, life
insurance and health benefits replaced retirement outlays as
the second most important compensation expenditure,
mainly reflecting the low outlays for social security con­
tributions in the region. The order of importance of the
various components after pay for working time for high­
way agencies is shown in the following tabulation:

Region

Pay for
leave
Retire­
(except
sick
ment
leave) programs

Life
insurance
and
Unemploy­
health
ment
benefit
programs programs

All regions . .

1

2

3

4

South A tla n tic ...............
West North Central . . .
West South Central . . .
M ou ntain ........................
P a c ific .............................

1
1
1
1
1

2
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4

Middle A t la n t ic ............
East North C entral___
East South C entral. . . .
New En glan d .................

2
2
2
1

1
1
1
3

3
3
3
2

4
4
4
4

Hospital employees in the Middle Atlantic States were
paid $6.17 an hour, 12 percent more than in the next
highest region (the Pacific States, with $5.50 per hour) and
nearly 80 percent more than the national average of $4.80
an hour. Every component of a hospital employee’s pay
was higher in the Middle Atlantic States than ill the other
regions (tables 12a-12iand 13a-13i).
Although pay for working time in the Middle Atlantic
States was the highest nationally, the proportion of total
compensation in the form of pay for working time was
lowest (69.5 percent) chiefly because of exceptionally large
outlays for retirement programs (58 cents an hour, or
almost 14 percent of total compensation), particularly
State retirement plans, which accounted for three-fourths




of all retirement outlays (compared to two-thirds nation­
ally). This high proportion largely reflects exceptionally
heavy retirement outlays in the State of New York.
The large outlays for retirement in the Middle Atlantic
and East North Central States made retirement expendi­
tures the largest component, on a national basis, of total
compensation after pay for work, despite the fact that in
each of the seven other regions they were less than
expenditures for leave. Since State employees in Maine and
Massachusetts do not have Federal social security benefits,
outlays for life insurance and health benefit plans in New
England exceeded those for retirement but did not match
pay for leave hours.

Part II.

Paid Hours of Work and Leave

A ll agencies

Nearly 85 percent of all hours (paid or earned) for which
State governments compensated their employees were
working hours. Hours paid for at straight-time rates
amounted to nearly 84 percent of total paid time, and only
1 percent of paid time was worked as overtime or outside
the regular workweek. (See tables 14 through 18.)
Five of every 6 employees were in the 41 States where
paid worktime ranged from 83 percent to 86.9 percent of
all paid time. Nearly three-fifths of these were in the 27
States where the proportion was from 85 to 86.9 percent,
as shown in the tabulation:
Number o f States

Percent o f
employment

T o t a l ........................

50

100.0

Less than 80 percent ............
80 to 82.9 ...............................
83 to 83.9 ...............................
84 to 84.9 ...............................
85 to 85.9 ...............................
86 to 86.9 ...............................
87 to 87.9 ...............................

2
4
5
9
16
11
3

2.8
3.5
19.2
16.1
26.2
21.8
7.4

Ratio o f worktime to
all paid time

The ratio of working time to all paid hours was highest
in South Carolina (87.4 percent) and lowest in Maryland
(77.1 percent). The relatively high proportion of working
time to all paid hours in North Carolina reflected the low
proportion of total paid time which all major forms of leave
constituted. The reverse of this pattern was demonstrated
by Maryland, where sick leave was more than double the
national level, and other types of leave well exceeded the
national average.
All States provided their employees some form of paid
vacation, in addition to sick and holiday leave (table 6).
Only three States, with 7 percent of all employees, did not
pay for civic, personal, or military leave during the survey
period.14
Vacation hours earned made up 5.6 percent of all paid
hours; earned sick leave accounted for 5.2 percent and
holidays 3.9 percent. Civic, military, and personal leave
hours (annualized) accounted for only 0.4 percent of all
hours.
Vacations ranged from a low of 3;9 percent of all paid
'hours for employees of the State of Ohio to a high of 7.8
percent in Hawaii. However, 96 percent of all employees
were in States where earned vacation hours ranged from 4
to less than 7 percent of all paid hours, and 59 percent were




in States in which the proportion of vacation hours ranged
from 5 to less than 6 percent.
Although paid holiday hours ranged from 2 percent to 6
percent of all paid hours overall, more than half of all
employees worked in States where paid holidays accounted
for 3 to 4 percent of all paid hours, one-third of all
employees were in States where holidays were more than 4
and less than 5 percent of all paid hours.
Nearly 90 percent of all State employees were in States
where earned sick leave hours ranged from 4 to less than 6
percent of all paid hours.
Highway agencies and hospitals

With only one exception, the pattern of allocation of
paid hours for personnel of State highway departments and
hospitals resembled that for all agencies—
nationally, by
region, and by State. Overall, about 15 percent of paid
hours consisted of leave, and the distribution of the various
types of leave closely matched that for all agencies.
Deviating from the general pattern was overtime work in
highway departments, which accounted for 2.1 percent of
all paid hours, compared to 0.8 percent of paid hours in all
agencies. The importance of work hours in highways and
hospitals is shown in tables 15 and 16 and in the following
tabulation:
Highways
Ratio o f work
hours to all
paid hours

Number
of
States

T o t a l .................
Less than 81 percent . . .
8 1 -8 2 .9 ..................................
8 3 . 0 - 83.9 ..........................
8 4 . 0 - 84.9 ..........................
8 5 . 0 - 85.9 ..........................
8 6 . 0 - 86.9 .........................
8 7 . 0 - 88.9 .........................

Percent
of
employment

Hospitals
Number
of
States

Percent
of
employm ent

50

100.0

50

100.0

3

2.4
8.8
11.2
21.7
16.5
27.6
11.8

3
4
4
8
15
10
6

6.3
3.2
24.5
12.1
25.7
23.7
4.5

4
8
8
8
13
6

All State highway and hospital agencies reported that
their employees had used paid vacation or annual leave
during the year, and almost all workers were employed by
States where annual or vacation leave ranged from 4.0
percent to 6.9 percent of all paid hours.
Observance of paid holidays was universal in all highway
agencies and hospitals: over 90 percent of all highway

employees and nearly all hospitals workers were employed
in agencies reporting leave hours ranging from 2.0 percent
to 5.9 percent of all paid hours.
Over four-fifths (83 percent) of all highway and hospital
workers were in agencies which reported sick leave hours
ranging from 4 percent to less than 6 percent of all paid
hours. Two States—Iowa and Maryland—
permitted their
employees to earn as much as 30 days of sick leave a year.
As a result, highway workers in Iowa and Maryland
recorded sick leave as 10.7 percent and 9.4 percent
respectively of total paid leave; in State hospitals, the ratios
for these two States were 10.5 and 11.6 percent.
Much less common was the use of civic, personal, and
military leave in highway agencies and hospitals. During the
survey period, over 40 percent of all highway workers and
over 31 percent of hospital workers were in organizations
where no such leave hours were reported during the pay
period surveyed.
Regional patterns

Worktime as a proportion of all paid hours did not vary
more than 1.7 percent from the national level in any of the
functional sectors. This relationship can be seen in table 14
and in the following tabulation (worktime as percent of
paid hours):
A ll agencies

National average ..........
Highest re g io n ..............
Lowest region ..............

Highways

Hospitals

84.9
86.1
83.5

85.1
86.3
83.9

84.6
86.3
83.0

Deviation from the national average (percentage points)
Highest re g io n ..............
Lowest region ..............

1.2
1.4

1.2
1.2

1.7
1.6

The deviations for straight-time hours were somewhat
wider, but did not exceed the maximum of 3.5 percentage
points registered for highway workers in New England, as
shown below:




AH agencies

Highways

Hospitals

Deviation from the national average (percentage points)
Highest re g io n ..............
Lowest region ..............

1.4
1.6

1.8
3.5

2.0
1.5

Although overtime amounted to only 1.1 percent of all
paid time nationally, it varied among regions. In the three
northeastern regions— England, Middle Atlantic, and
New
East North Central— in the Pacific region, overtime was
and
consistently a higher proportion of paid time than in the
other regions. This pattern is shown in the following
tabulation (overtime as a percent of all paid hours):
AH agencies
All regions . .
Northeastern and Pacific
regions........................
All other re g io n s ..........

Highways

Hospitals

1.1

2.1

1.0

1.6
0.6

2.8
1.6

1.4
0.5

In New England all but one State reported ratios of
overtime to all paid time which were above those represent­
ing the Nation as a whole. In the Middle Atlantic region,
the percentage for overtime in one State was double the
national level and in two States, the ratio equaled or
slightly exceeded the national average. In the East North
Central region, overtime in excess of the national average
was reported in two States, and in one State, the national
percentage was equaled. The high level in the Pacific region
reflects unusually high percentages in 3 of the 5 States.
A similar pattern exists for overtime in highway agencies
as a group, but in New England unusually high figures were
reported for two States and only one State had a
percentage below the national average. In the Middle
Atlantic region the ratio of overtime to total paid hours was
2.3 percent, slightly above the national level for highways.
In the East North Central region, all but one State had
ratios substantially in excess of the national average; all
States but one in the Pacific region reported overtime ratios
well in excess of the national level.

Part III.

Selected Compensation Policies and Practices

This portion of the study examines the incidence of
State policies concerning hours of work, paid leave, and
retirement and insurance programs. Because it is difficult to
obtain data on the precise number of employees in each
State covered by a given policy, policies which affect a
majority of the employees in a State were assumed to apply
to all employees. This probably overstates coverage for one
or more of the following reasons: Some agencies do not
follow policies applicable to the majority of workers in the
State; temporary, part-time, or probationary employees
failing to meet length-of-service requirements may not be
covered by a particular policy or benefit; finally, some
employees may decline coverage for certain optional
benefits.

service 40 States, with over 80 percent of all employees,
provided 15 days or more of vacation leave. After 25 years
of service, workers in 38 States representing nearly 81
percent of all employees could earn 20 or more days of
annual leave.
If length of service is disregarded, the maximum amount
of leave which could be earned in 1 year ranged from 15 to
30 days.15 The largest number of States (28, employing
more than 60 percent of all employees) provided a
maximum of 20 or 21 days, as shown in the following
tabulation:

The standard workweek (as defined by law or regula­
tions) for the average State government worker in 1972 was
39.3 hours. Thirty-nine States, with more than threefourths of all workers, had a workweek of 40 hours, while
the remainder had workweeks of 35 to 38.8 hours.
Although no State had a generally applicable standard
workweek in excess of 40 hours, some State agencies had a
44-hour standard workweek. The pattern of workweek
hours for all State agencies combined is shown in the
following tabulation:
Number
of
States

Percent
of
employment

T o t a l.................................

50

100.0

35 .......................................................
3 7 . 5 ....................................................
3 8 . 8 ....................................................
4 0 .......................................................

2
8
1
39

4.8
18.2
.5
76.5

Number o f hours in the
standard workweek

Vacation leave

In 1972 State government employees who had com­
pleted 1 year of service earned an average of 12.4 days of
vacation (annual) leave; those who had completed 5 years,
14.8 days; 15 years, 18.7 days; 20 years, 19.8 days; and
those who had completed more than 25 years, 20.3 days
(table 19). Over 57 percent of all employees worked in 28
States which provided less than 13 days of vacation leave
after completion of 1 year of service. After 5 years of




Percent
of
employment

T o ta l.................................

Standard hours

Number
of
States
50

100.0

15 d a y s .............................................
1 6 - 1 7 ................................................
18 .......................................................
20 .......................................................
21 .......................................................
2 4 ......................................................
2 5 - 2 9 ...............................................
30 or m o re .........................................

5
1
6
15
13
6
3
1

6.0
1.7
11.7
43.3
17.1
14.1
5.5
.5

Maximum number o f annual
leave days earned

NOTE: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

Although all States permitted employees to accumulate
leave from 1 year to the next, a maximum amount of leave
which an employee could accumulate was stipulated by all
but three States. The greatest number of States (34), with
75 percent of all workers, established ceilings between 30
and 45 days. The distribution of States and their employees
by the maximum leave which could be accumulated is
shown in the following tabulation:
Percent o f
employment in
Maximum number o f
days o f leave
All S ta te s ........................
With no c e ilin g s ........................
With ceilings..............................
With ceilings of:
Less than 30
days . . . _____
30 d ay s.................
3 1 —45 days . . . .
60 d ays.................
90 d ays.................
120 d ays..............

Number
of
States

AH
States

States with
ceilings

50
3
47

100.0
5.5
94.5

—

100.0

9
22
12
2
1
1

14.9
37.4
38.1
1.7
.6
1.8

15.8
39.6
40.2
1.8
.7
1.9

_

In 15 States, with 35.4 percent of all State employees,
the maximum amount of leave accumulation was geared
directly or indirectly to length of service. States with
graduated ceilings are included in the preceding tabulation
according to the maximum number of days which could be
accumulated.
Twenty-four States representing 52 percent of all em­
ployees required a minimum of 6 months’ service before
annual leave could be earned or taken. Eighteen States,
accounting for 37 percent of all State government em­
ployees, required 1 month of service or less. This is shown
b y the follow ing tabulation:
Number
of
States

Percent
of
employment

T o t a l.................................

50

100.0

None re q u ire d .................................
1 m o n th ...............................
3 m o n th s .......................... .’
6 m o n th s .............................
12 m o n th s .............................

9
9

21.0
15.7
3.1
52.4
7.7

Eligibility period

3
24
5

NOTE: Percentages do not add to 100 due to rounding.

Holidays

The 50 States granted an average of 11.3 holidays per
employee in 1972. The most common practice (found in 15
States with one-quarter of the employees) was to give 11
holidays. The distributions of States and their workers by
the number of holidays granted are shown in text table 1.
All 50 States in 1972 observed 5 holidays: New Year’s
Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and

Text table 1. Number o f paid holidays, by number o f
States and percent of employment. State governments,
1972
Number
of
States

Percent
of
employment

T o ta l..................................

50

100.0

7 . 5 .......................................................
8 .......................................................
9 .......................................................
101 ....................................................
11 .......................................................
122 ....................................................
13 .......................................................
1 4 .......................................................
1 5 ........................................... ...........

2
3
7
5
15
9
4
4
1

2.8
8.2
11.0
7.6
25.8
19.2
10.3
10.6
4.5

Number of paid legal holidays

Average days per employee: 11.3
1 Includes Rhode Island with 10.5 days. It accounted for 0.7
percent of employment.
2 Includes California with 12.25 days and Vermont with 12.5
days. These States accounted for 8.1 percent of employment.
SOURCES: U.S. Bureau of Census; State Laws and regulations;
Council of State Governments, Fringe Benefits in State Government
Employment. Lexington, Kentucky, the Council of State Govern­
ments, January 1972 (Report No. RM -479).




Text table 2. Paid holidays, by number of States and
percent of employment. State governments, 1972
Holiday
Five major holidays1 ......................
Washington's B irth d a y ...................
Lincoln's B irth d a y ..........................
Good Friday2 ..................................
Memorial Day ..................................
Columbus D a y ..................................
Primary Election Day3 .................
General Election Day4 ...................
Veterans' Day ..................................
States with 1 holiday in
addition to the a b o v e ...............
States with 2 additional
h o lid a y s ......................................
States with 3 additional
holidays5 ....................................
States with 5 or more
additional h olid a y s...................

Number
of
States

Percent
of
Employment

50
41
23
17
48
34
7
25
49

100.0
81.0
50.4
36.3
95.7
74.2
16.2
58.2
98.4

22

43.9

7

10.9

5

10.0

2

6.2

1 Major holidays are New Year's Day, Independence Day, Labor
Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.
2Six States with 13.1 percent o f all employees grant Good
Friday as only a partial holiday.
3One State (Alabama) grants only part of primary day as a
holiday.
4 One State (Alabama) grants only part of general election day as
a holiday.
5 One State (North Carolina) may grant 2 or 3 extra holidays.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Census; State laws and regulations;
Council of State Governments. Fringe Benefits in State Government
Employment Lexington, Kentucky, 1972 (Report RM -479).

Christmas Day. All but one granted Veterans Day and all
but two granted Memorial Day. The incidence of these and
other holidays is shown in text table 2.
Among the “additional holidays” alluded to in table 2
above are a State Admission Day observed in eight States,
with 17.8 percent of all workers; Confederate Memorial
Day (5 States, with 9.8 percent of employment); Robert E.
Lee’s Birthday (8 States with 17.5 percent of employment);
and Jefferson Davis’ Birthday (5 States, with 9.4 percent of
employment); the Friday after Thanksgiving (4 States with
10.4 percent of employment); and the day after Christmas
(2 States with 6.3 percent of employment).
Sick leave

All 50 States granted their employees an average of 14.2
days of sick leave a year in 1972. The most common
amounts were 12 and 15 days, each of which was given in
17 States, employing about one-third of the workers.
All but four States granted employees the same amount
of sick leave regardless of length of service. The four States
(with 6.6 percent of employment) which graduated the
amount of sick leave earned by length of service are
included in the following tabulation according to the
maximum amount of sick leave that could be earned:

Number
of
States

Percent
of
employment

T o ta l..................................

50

100.0

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................

2
17
3
1
17
1
4
2
3

4.4
35.4
14.0
.5
33.0
.7
5.0
2.5
4 .5

Number o f days o f sick
leave earned p er year

1 0
1 2
1 3
14
1 5
1 6
1 8
21
3 0

The imposition of limits on the maximum accumulation
of sick leave was not as universal as the setting of
maximums for annual leave accumulation. Half of the
States with nearly half of all employees did not impose any
limits at all, and even when limits were imposed, they were
more generous than was the case for annual leave. Thus 21
States with 43.5 percent of all employees, and 85 percent
of all those in States imposing ceilings on accumulations,
permitted accumulations of 90 days or more. In fact, the
average for all States with ceilings was 104.7 days. The
following tabulation shows the distribution of States by
maximum accumulation of sick leave permitted:
Percent o f employment
Number
of
States

A ll States

States with
ceilings

T o t a l ...................

50

100.0

-

No lim its ...............................
With limits ( t o t a l) ..............
36 days or less___
45 days ...................
60 days ...................
90 days ...................
100 d a y s ...................
120 d a y s ...................
More than 120 days
( 1 6 5 ) ...................

25
25
2
1
1
9
2
9

48.7
51.3
5.0
1.6
1.2
16.1
3.9
14.6

100.0
9.7
3.2
2.4
31.3
7.5
28.5

1

8.9

17.3

Maximum number
o f days o f
sick leave accumulation

—

NOTE: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

Retirement and insurance programs

Programs providing retirement and insurance benefits
may be classified as contributory or noncontributory (table
20). Contributory programs are those which are jointly
financed by the State governments and their employees;
noncontributory programs are fully financed by the State.
(Programs administered by the States but funded entirely
by contributions of employees are not considered State
programs.) For purposes of this report, the status of a




system as contributory or noncontributory depends upon
the method by which the basic or minimum benefit is
funded. Benefits which go beyond the minimum but which
are paid for by the workers are not considered as benefits
provided by the State; rather, they are regarded as similar
to outside insurance or annuities which employees might
otherwise purchase on their own. These most often take the
form of coverage of dependents, or provide additional
coverage (for example, supplemental life insurance benefits)
at the option of the worker. State payments, whether or
not contributory, may be expressed as: (1) a percentage of
salary (or a part thereof); (2) a dollar-and-cents rate for
each dollar of coverage; or (3) a fixed payment per
employee. In contributory programs the State may pay a
fixed percentage of the premium, with the employee
responsible for the remainder.
Retirement programs are provided by all of the States;
'all but one, New York’s,16 are contributory (table 20).
Retirement programs are mainly financed by contributions
by employees and state governments which are actuarially
determined. These contributions are not necessarily match­
ing: some State governments merely provide the difference
between the workers’ contributions and the amounts
required to meet the costs of currently payable benefits, or
to keep the retirement fund in a financially sound state. In
1972, according to Census Bureau records, 45 States with
88 percent of all employees provided Federal social security
coverage which employees had a right to elect or reject.
Health and medical insurance programs, most commonly
Blue Cross-Blue Shield, were carried by 40 States having
over four-fifths (82.9 percent) of all State workers. Eigh­
teen States, encompassing more than half of all employees,
cover all costs of the basic or minimum coverage. In most
States where additional employee coverage or coverage for
dependents is available, the employee pays for all of the
additional coverage. In some instances, a State may make a
contribution for the coverage of dependents or for addi­
tional benefits for the employee. In most States such
additional coverage of the employee is optional.
Group life insurance programs are found in 31 States
employing nearly two-thirds (65 percent) of all State
workers. Twenty-seven States, with nearly three-fifths of all
employees, had contributory programs.
Group disability income insurance— nonoccupational
or
sickness and accident insurance— a form of income
is
maintenance insurance that supplements sick leave. Accord­
ing to Census Bureau records, only nine States with less
than one-fifth (18.3 percent) of all employees provide all or
part of the costs of such insurance. In four States with
slightly less than half of the employees in States with such
programs, the employees and the State governments share
the costs.

Part IV.

Comparisons with the Federal Government and Private
Sectors

Great care must be taken in comparing data on the
structure of compensation in State governments with
similar BLS data for the Federal Government, the total
private nonfarm sector, and that part of the private sector
which consists of establishments within the scope of the
BLS survey which is conducted to provide data for pay
comparisons between private industry and the Federal
Government17 (hereinafter called “the comparison
frame”).
Although data for most of the components of compen­
sation in State governments are generally comparable with
those for the Federal Government and private industry,
data on pay for vacation and sick leave and civic and
personal leave are not. In State governments, data on pay
for vacations and sick leave were estimated for the year on
the basis of vacation and sick leave time earned during the
pay period including October 15, 1972; data on pay for
civic and personal leave for the year were estimated on the
basis of leave time used during the same pay period. In the
Federal Government and private industry, data on these
types of leave relate to pay actually received by employees
during the year. It is not possible to assess precisely how
State data as estimated differ from those that would have
been obtained had it been possible to collect data on pay
actually received during the year. Information for Federal
Government employees,18 the only group for which such
data are available, indicates that the estimation procedure
for the States exaggerates pay and hours for sick leave, and
to a lesser extent, for vacations. In fiscal year 1973, time
earned by Federal employees exceeded time used by 33
percent and 5 percent for sick leave and vacations respec­
tively. On the other hand, estimated annual data for civic
and personal leave in the States (based on time used during
October 1972) are probably understated, since most mili­
tary leave (one of its chief components) for reserve and
National Guard maneuvers occurs during the summer.
The structure of compensation of State government
employees in 1972 more nearly resembled that of the
Federal Government than that of the private nonfarm
sector (table 21). Pay for working time was slightly less
than three-fourths of all compensation in State govern­
ments and in the Federal Government, however, it repre­
sented approximately four-fifths of all compensation in the
entire private nonfarm sector, and somewhat more than
three-fourths in the comparison frame. Vacation and sick
time earned by State employees would have had to exceed




time used by more than one-third before the ratio of pay
for work time to total compensation would have equaled
that in the comparison frame.
Retirement programs were the chief form of compensa­
tion beyond pay for working time for all four employer
groups. The proportion of compensation devoted by the
States as a group to such programs was smaller than in the
Federal Government but larger than in the private sector,
which included a large proportion of employers without a
private retirement plan who paid only social security taxes.
In the States these programs were 9.1 percent of total
compensation, compared to 10.6 percent in the Federal
Government. The primary difference between the two
governments was the vehicle by which retirement programs
were financed. In the States, about two-thirds of all
retirement outlays went to State-administered plans, with
the remainder devoted to the social security system.
Practically all Federal retirement outlays represent contri­
butions to the Civil Service Retirement System and similar
plans.
Since not all State employees were covered by social
security at the time of the survey, social security was
proportionately less in the States. However, the difference
was more than offset by State retirement plans which,
expressed as a percentage of compensation, exceeded
private plans by over one-third in the comparison frame and
by almost seven-eighths in all private industry.
Pay for vacations was proportionately less in State
governments than in the Federal Government, but was
greater than that provided in either of the private industry
groups. Because vacations contributed significantly to total
pay for leave time, all paid leave followed the same pattern.
Holidays, however, accounted for a greater part of compen­
sation in State government than in any other employer
group. As was noted previously, vacation leave was prob­
ably somewhat overestimated (perhaps by about 5 percent)
for the States; however, the amount of overestimation
would have had to have been in excess of 20 percent to
alter the relationship between State government and the
other groups.
Health and insurance programs were a greater proportion
of compensation in State governments than in the Federal
Government or either private sector group. However, much
of the difference is attributable to the fact that for the
States data on sick leave relate to time earned, but for the
other sectors they relate to time used. If sick leave earned

by State employees had exceeded sick leave used by
one-third (as was the case for Federal Government em­
ployees— 14), then sick leave used would have been
page
about the same proportion in the States as in the Federal
Government. Therefore, proportional expenditures for all
health and insurance programs for all States would have
approximated those in the Federal Government and in the
comparison frame (between 5.2 and 5.4 percent of compen­
sation), although they still would have been higher than the
4.7 percent in the total private sector. Insurance repre-

sented 1.6 percent of compensation in the States and 1.9
percent in the Federal Government, compared to 3.0
percent in the total private economy and 3.9 percent in the
comparison frame.
'
Matching the pattern in the Federal Government, State
expenditures for unemployment programs and bonuses
were no more than 0.5 percent of compensation. In both
sectors of private industry these two programs, plus savings
and thrift plans which do not exist in government,
accounted for a little over 2 percent of compensation.

FOOTNOTES TO TEXT
1Total employment (i.e. full- and part-time workers) in institu­
tions of higher education was 39 percent of all employment in State
governments in 1972. See 1972 Census o f Governments, Compen­
dium o f Public Employment, No. 2 of volume 3, Public Employ­
ment (Bureau of the Census, 1974) p. 15.
2In the Federal Government, there is a limit of 30 days (240
hours) of annual leave which may be carried over from year to year.
There is no limit for sick leave.
3These were adjusted to annual rates according to the length of
the pay period. Thus, data for weekly pay periods were multiplied
by 52; for biweekly pay periods, by 26; and for monthly periods, by
12.

4 Bureau of the Census, op. cit. p. 15.
sWorking time consists of all paid hours less leave hours. Time
spent in the office or the plant of the State agencies on coffee
breaks, rest periods, etc. is considered as work hours in accordance
with the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA).
6Although some States were covered by the Federal unemploy­
ment insurance program, they were not liable for their contributions
until after June 30,1972.
7For data on the private sector see Employee Compensation in
the Private Nonfarm Economy, 7972, Bull. 1873, (Bureau of Labor
Statistics, 1975), p. 5 and table 22.
8The 5 States for which no social security contributions were
reported were Colorado, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, and Ohio.
In 1972, it was estimated that 75 percent of full time State
government employees (including higher education) were covered
by social security.
9In calendar year 1971, the maximum amount of wages taxable
for social security was $7,800 per year; 1972 the ceiling was $9,000.
In most States, fiscal year 1972 ended on June 30.
10 Moreover, personal leave in some States may be counted as
annual leave.
11 Three-fourths of full-time workers (including those in higher
education) were covered by health, hospitals, or disability insurance




financed at least in part by State governments (See Bureau of the
Census, op. cit. p. 19.)
12 Regulations specifically covering leave of highway workers were
not collected during the study.
13Regions. The nine economic regions used in this study, and the
States which they comprise, are: New England-Connecticut, Maine,
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont; Middle
Atlantic-New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania; East North Cen­
tra/-Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin; West North
Central-Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Da­
kota, South Dakota; South Atlantic-Delaware, Florida, Georgia,
Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia;
East South Central- Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee;
West South Central-Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas; Mountain-Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico,
Utah, Wyoming; Pacific-Alaska, Hawaii, California, Oregon, Wash­
ington.
14The pay period including Oct. 15,1972.
15 The maximum amount of leave earned in 1 year is not the same
as maximum leave accumulation. The latter is a ceiling on the
amount of leave which may be carried from year to year by the
employee.
16 New York’s plan had been contributory until Jan. 1, 1964.
Although it is noncontributory for workers employed since that
date, some participants under the older arrangement elected to
continue their contributions, mainly to purchase additional benefits.
17 See National Survey o f Professional, Administrative, Technical
and Clerical Pay, March 1974, Bull. 1837, (Bureau of Labor
Statistics, 1974). The scope of this survey is defined in footnote 2
of table 21 of the present study. For a comparison of the structure
of compensation in the Federal Government and the private
nonfarm sector, see Employee Compensation in the Private Non­
farm Economy, 1972.
18Man-years and Personnel Costs-Executive Branch-U.S.
Government, Fiscal 1974, (U.S. Office of Management and Budget,
Executive Development and Labor Relations Division, Dec. 12,
1974).




Table 1. Employee compensation in State governments, by type of agency, 1972

o so

n ® rt

r -J

g T3 © 3
C £ a.
®a a .

* S w>
*>

© OI'g®JLrt
•HM7 “

£

©

W

£3

"S3 1 2
rt 5 8 io
*
« rt
M»Oh<
*-o»co
5n) © rj
2 «a ®
©Og
0

y

® © ^

e*u « °
>
©*»g*
*5 *2
g§
QM° 3
a 2 ‘S’?
Q ^

a .• • .a

•jj o ^ ©

•>_ 4->

jS I

nx
S S jS

£3

2 3 +, «
»
2 2 o ®

S * SJ

0,5 ©■*

9* *
to 5 h S
» 5 *2p5
o.2 2
f*-o 0
92 2

©
bo

NOTE: B ecause of rounding, sum s of individual item s may not equal totals. A sterisk
(*) indicates le s s than 0. 05 percent or $0. 005.

>2-g ° “
5
« *g .2
s2 «
+ © . -a
>
e g >.
#5» ® 2

2 o
^ &

W -2 form s and con sist of pay for working tim e; pay for vacations, holidays, sick leave, and
civic and personal leave, sev eran ce pay, and other com pensation (including nonproduction
bonuses).

CSJ
© mu

Number of States and percent of employment in States with average hourly expenditures for the item of—
Agency and compensation item

Expenditures per
hour worked
and totals
of workers
and States

Less
than
$2. 50

$2. 50
2.99

$3.00

$3. 50

-

-

3.49

$4. 50

$5. 00

$5. 50

$ 6 . 00

$ 6 . 50

-

3. 99

$4. 00

-

-

-

-

-

4. 49

4. 99

5.49

5.99

11

6 . 49

6.99

$7.00
and
over

A ll agencies
Total compensation Employment------S ta te s----------------Pay for working time Employment------ —
States •
Straight-time pay ■
Employment —
S ta te s-------------

$5. 40
-

3. 2

17. 2

-

2

12

26. 1
15

18. 6
9

4.8
3

19.9
13

26. 5
17

18. 4

26.8

3. 1

4.8
3

25. 1
15

21. 4
15

18.4
8

7

1

1.9

5. 5
2

20.0
10

10 . 1

1

5

19.1
9

7.8
4

21. 3

21. 5
7

19. 5

19. 4

10.0

11

12

8

7

7.8
4

21. 3

23. 1

17.8

9.7

11

8

11

19.7
9

.8
1

8. 2

22. 3

18. 3

9

10

11

10 . 1
8

10. 5
4

3. 3
3

23.8
15

22.6

21 . 1
11

14.6
3

14. 5
4

-

.
_

5.0
5

29.4
14

23. 7
13

19.7

16.5
4

12.6

-

-

100.0

50
$4.04
100.0

50
$4.01
100.0

50

8

7
26.8

.1

17. 0

5. 4

6

2

_

1

3. 1

11. 4
3

.5

1

_

9. 1
4

7. 2
7

0. 5

1

Highways
Total compensation ■
Employment---- —
States-----------------Pay for working time Employment ----- ---States •
Straight-time pa y Employment —
S ta te s-------------

$5. 37
100.0

-

50
$4.05
100.0

50
$4.01
100.0

50

18. 1

9. 1

10

2

_

1

0 .6

_

1

.6

6

Hospitals
Total compensation ■
Employment — —
States --------------Pay for working time Employment States •
Straight-time pay ■
Employment —
States -------------

$4.80
100.0

50
$3. 56
100.0

50
$3. 52
100.0

50

-

NOTE: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.




13

Dash (-) indicates zero.

10

3

2. 6
1

"

11. 3
3

15.8
2

0. 1

1

-

Agency and compensation item

Percent of
compensation and
totals of
workers and
States

Less
than
64

54
and less
than
66

Percent of employees in States and number of; States in whiclit the percent
of total compensation accounted for by the item wiis—
70
66
68
72
76
74

78

80
or

70

68

72

74

78

80

19.2

47.3

g

13.9

21

11

1

11.7

0.4

8

1

76

more

A ll agencies
Pay for working time — ---- — ------—
Employment
Straight-time pay —— — — — —— —
Employment — — — —
—
— —
S ta te s----- — --------------------- --------

74.9
7.8

100.0

-

4.6

3

50
74.3
7.8

2.9

2

0.4

9.1
3

26.4

2

4.3
4

11

35.6
19

1 .8
1

5.6
3

1.9
3

5.4

30.2
13

35.6
16

12.3

2

8

5.3
3

1.8
1

1.6

4.9
4

1 .0

12.9
5

27.7
15

38.3
15

7.3
5

2 .6
2

12.6
1

3. 1

1. 3

13.3

2

6

13.6
5

25.4
16

26.0
16

4.7

2

7. 7
5

11.7

25. 2

19.7

20.0

-

6

12

10

1

50

2.4

3

-

100.0

2 .2
-1

3.8

Highways
Pay for working time — — —— — —
Employment ------------ ----------------States — —— — — —
— —
Straight-time p a y ----------- --------------Employment — ---- ---- ----------------States —..... ...... —
-------— — ---------

75.4
100.0

50
74.7

-

1.9
1

100.0

1.9

50

1

1

1

Hospitals
Pay for working time —----- -------------

74.3
100.0

States----------------------------------------Straight-time p a y ----------------- — ---Employment —----------— ------------S ta tes----------------------------------------

50
73.5
100.0

50

"

1 2.6

1

3. 1
2

, NOTE: Percentages may not add to 100 due.to rounding. Dash ( - ) indicates zero.




“

14

2

Average expenditures

A ll
States

Percent of employment in State governments*

States
that
had
expend­
itures

That had expenditures for the item of—
had
expend­
itu re s

100
100
100

Premium pay •
Overtime, holiday, and weekend work •
Shift differentials----------- ---------------— —

.03

.03

.02
.01

.02
.01

Pay for leave (except sick leave)**
Vacations e a rn e d -------------------Holidays
Civic and personal leave •

.48
.28
.18

.48
.28
. 18

.02

.02

100
100
100
100

.49
.16
.33

.49
.18
.33

100
100
100

.37
.09
.25

.37
-.10

100
100
100
100

Employer expenditures for retirement pro­
grams
Social security -— ----- State retirement plans <
Employer expenditures for life insurance and
health benefit programs
Life, accident, and health insurance <
Sick leave e a r n e d ----------------------------Workers* compensation ------- —--------Employer expenditures for unemployment
benefits
Unemployment insurance Severance p a y ----------------Other, including nonproduction bonuses •

.02

.01
. 01

(* )
.01

.25
.02

.01
.01

(*)
.01

100
100
100

(* )
17
-

Less
th a n

“ 8— “ n r " “ TZ“

~ T “ T

14

16

16

18

“ n r “ 25” — z r ~ “ 35“ ~ W

55

55“

under

4

c e n ts

c e n ts

6

8

15
36

26
7

10

47
52
75

4

8

10

12

1

14

20

25

30

40

50

60

70

29
17

30

8

-

25
(* )

8

.

_

-

10

<*)

above

(* )

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

13

14

15

14

28
35

36
3

7

63

7

13

9

-

7
3

8

39

.

.

-

8

9
5

-

5

12

35
(* )
16

1

-

3
5
24

22

-

3
19

27

-

13

2

“

8

13
4
35

17

35

9

16

3

2

-

-

.

25

1

1

2

-

-

.

(* )

_

_

_

_

_

11

_

-------75
and

2

■

_

~

_

3

_

(* )

“

_

_

_

3

2

11

8

6

2

29

12

9

1

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

5

9
14

2

52

23

14

10

29
37
77

52
48
23

8

4

11
11

32

61

2

-

-

_

_

.

2

NOTE: Detail may not add to totals due to rounding. Dash (- ) indicates zero. Asterisk (* ) indicates
less than 0 . 05 percent.




---- 2 an d

.

4

-

2

13

8

Average
expenditures
Compensation
item

Dll
A ll
States

S tates
tadt nda
expendi­
tures

Percent o f employment in
T otal

That
had no
expend­
it u r e s

.5
.4

.5
.4

.2

.2

100
100
100

Pay f o r le a v e (e x c e p t sic k le a v e ) -------------V acation s earned -----------------------------------------H olid ays --------------------------------------------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l le a v e ---------------------------

8.9
5. 1
3.4
.4

8.9
5. 1
3.4
.4

100
100
100
100

Employer e x p e n d itu re s f o r retire m e n t
programs ----------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r it y -------------------------------------------S ta te re tire m e n t p la n s -------------------------------

9. 1
3.0

9-1
3.4

6. 1

6 .1

100
100
100

6 .8
1 .6

6 .8
1 .8

4.7
.5

4.7
.5

100
100
100
100

.2

.2
.2
.1
.2

Employer e x p e n d itu res fo r l i f e insurance
and h e alth b e n e f it programs --------------------—
L i f e , a c c id e n t,a n d h e alth in su ran ce — —
Sick le a v e earned ---------------------- ----------------Workers' c o m p e n sa tio n ----------------------------- —
Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r unemployment
b e n e fit s ----------------------------------------------------------Unemployment in su ra n c e ------------------------------Severance pay -----------------------------------------------O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses -----




.1

(* )
.1

(* )

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

1

and under
2 percent

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_
53
-*

7
7
”

10

23
-

55
~

4
~

7
19

11

13

17
-

7
-

17
-

1

8

2

88

11
2

17

98
83

_
7

_
85

7

_
23

-

<*>
~

3

14

43
-

2

15
92

100
100
100

29
37
77

70
62
23

f
-

100

32

63

4

11

11

-

governments—

Less than
percent

Premium p a y -------------------------------------------- ---------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend w o r k -------S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s -------------------------------------

State

That had expen ditu res f o r the item o f —

.

~

6

1

2

20

“
—
-

2

_
3
62
“

_
37
15

-

62
16

27

3
9
24
“

42
~

—
-

-

12

7
2

10

and
over-

32
28

18
2

-

~

6

21

-

~

—
~

—
-

—
-

-

-

-

—
”
-

41
5
13
-

_

~

4
-

—
-

—
-

—
-

-

-

4

* -

Average
expenditures
Compensation
item

Percent o f employment i n S ta te governments—

That
States
had
that
Less 2 and
no
A ll
had
T otal
than under
States expend­
expend­
4
2
i t u r e s c en ts cents
it u r e s

Premium p a y -------------- ---------------------------------------O vertim e, h o lid a y , and weekend w o r k -------S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s -------------------- -— ----------

.04
.03
(* )

.04
.04
.01

100
100
100

Pay f o r le a v e (e x c e p t sic k le a v e ) -------------V a c a tio n s earned ------------------------------------------H olid a ys ------------------------------------------- -----------C iv ic and p e rso n a l le a v e ---------------------------

.48
.28
. 18
.02

.48
. 28
.18
.03

100
100
100
100

40

Employer e x p e n d itu re s f o r re tire m e n t
programs ------------------ ----------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r it y ----------------------------------------- —
S ta te re tire m e n t p la n s -------------------------------

.46
.17
.29

.46
.19
.29

100
100
100

12

_

Employer e x p e n d itu re s f o r l i f e insurance
and h e a lth b e n e f it program s ----------------------L i f e , a c cid e n t, and h e a lth i n s u r a n c e ------Sick le a v e earned ----------------------------------------W orkers 1 compensation ------------------------------- -

.36
.08
.25
.03

.36

100
100
100
100

17
4

6

8

.25
.03

35

.02
.01
.02

100
100
100

72
76
94

02

100

73

Employer e x p e n d itu re s f o r unemployment
b e n e f i t s -----------------------------------------------------------Unemployment in s u ra n c e ------------------------------Severance pay ------------------------------------------------O th er, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses —




(* )
(* )
(* )
.01

.10

17
20
66

_

-

That ha d e x pen ditu res fox the i tern of
4

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

25

30

40

50

60

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

25

30

40

50

60

70

14
14

6

4
4
~

3
3

_

_

_

4

-

-

~

3
3

38
35
30

14
4

_

_

_

_

_

34

9

-

-

9

2

9

3
4

-

—
4

-

-

3

—

-

6
2

6

~

-

-

7
18

14
3

13
-

(* )
5

6

8
6

-

2

19
3

-

35

18
16
4

7
7
”

1
1
2

2

<*)

-

-

~

-

19

3

1

-

2

-

2

-

—
-

12

1

1

_
7

_
12

_

_

3
13

15

6

2

3

—
23
7

—
13

2
2

_
37
28
”

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

•

“

2
12
10

27
33

31

14

1

8

1

2

-

-

16
-

38
14

20

(* )

4
9
26

27

17
3
31

4
28

40
16

~

8

~

—
-

~

“

-

-

-

4
2
2

~

~
~

_
•-

9
-

”

4
30
15

6

70
and
above

2

-

1

15

14
2
1

-

2

“

9
3

5
-

—
-

**
-

—
-

—
~

-

-

-

6

-

.2

2

“
-

~

-

Average
e x p e n d itu r e s
C om pensation
item

Premium pay ---------------------------------------------------------O v e rtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend w o r k --------S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s -------------------------------------Pay fo r le a v e (e x c e p t s ic k le a v e ) --------------V a c a tio n s earn ed -------------------------------------------H o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------C iv ic and p e r s o n a l le a v e ----------------------------Em ployer e x p e n d itu r e s fo r r e tir e m e n t
program s -------------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r i t y ----------------------------------------------S ta te r e tir e m e n t p la n s -------------------------------Em ployer e x p e n d itu r e s fo r l i f e in su ra n c e
and h e a lth b e n e f it program s -----------------------L if e , a c c id e n t,a n d h e a lth in su r a n c e ------S ick le a v e earn ed -----------------------------------------W orkers' co m p en sa tio n ---------------------------------Em ployer e x p e n d itu r e s fo r unem ploym ent
b e n e f it s -------------------------------------------------------------Unemployment in su r a n c e -------------------------------S ev era n ce pay -------------------------------------------------O th er, in c lu d in g n o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u ses -----




P er c e n t or em ploym ent in State govern m en ts—

S ta te s
That
A ll th a t had T o ta l had no
IStates e x p en d i­
expen d­
it u r e s
tu r e s

L ess than
1
and under
1
percent 2 percent

.7
.6
.1

.8
.8
.1

100
100
100

9. 0
5 .3
3. 4
.3

9 .0
5.3
3.4
.5

100
100
100
100

8. 6
3.2
5 .4

8. 6
3 .6
5.4

100
100
100

_
12

6. 8
1.6
4. 7
.6

6 .8
1.8
4. 7
.6

100
100
100
1 00

17
4

19
77

36
18

.3
.2
.4 '

100
100
1 00

72
76
94

26
23
6

100

73

24

3

That had e x p e n d itu r e s fo r th e item o f —
3
4
5
6
7
4
6
7
a
5

2
(*)

.4

2
3

.1
.1
(*)
.1

17
20
66
_
40

_

59
58
34
_
45

19
17
-

_

4
14

_
_

_

2
4

_

29

.

2
-

_

5
38

_
34
28
■

-

-

43
~

_

4
18
“

19
~

8
9

9
10

10
and
over

~
24
~

3-6
“

17
-

15
7

34
10

.

3
39
29

5
16

13
23

10
2

43
4

8
2

18
2

_

5
1
20
~

11
2
37
“

18
2
32
~

25
4

14
“

13
1
~

8

r

-

-

-

24
3
1

-

-

~

*
-

-

-

2
•

-

-

Compensation
item

Premium pay -------------------------------------------------------O vertim e, h o lid a y , and weekend w o r k --------S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ------- --------------------- -----Pay f o r le a v e (e x c e p t sic k le a v e ) -------------V a c a tio n s earned ------------------------------------------H o lid a y s — :---------------------------------------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l le a v e ---------------------------Employer e x p e n d itu re s f o r retire m e n t
programs -----------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r it y --------------------------------------------S ta te re tire m e n t p la n s ------------------------------Employer e x p e n d itu re s f o r l i f e in su ran ce
and h e alth b e n e f it programs -----------------------L i f e , a c c id e n t,a n d h e a lth in su ra n c e — —
S ic k le a v e earned ----------------------------------------W orkers' compensation ---------------------------------

Average
expenditures

S
Percent o f employment in : tate governments-

That
States
had
that
2 and
Less
no
A ll
had
Total
than under
4
S ta tes expend­
expend­
2
it u r e s
it u r e s
cents cents
.04

.04

.02
.0 2

.02
.02

.43
.25
. 16

.43
.25
. 16

.02

12

14

16

18

20

25

30 ‘

40

50

60

12

14

16

18

20

25

30

40

50

60

70

24
9

7
4
4

17

_
-

(* )
(*>

(* )

_
-

_

_
-

_
10

_

-

-

2

11

-

.02

44

.45
. 14
.31

.45
.17
.31

100
100
100

14
-

_
5

.34
.08
.24

.34

.02

.0 2

100
100
100
100

13
5

.01
.01

.02
.01

6

49

Employer e x p e n d itu re s f o r unemployment
b e n e f i t s -----— ------- — — ----------------------------------Unemployment i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------- Severance pay — ------ --— — --------------- ------------

.04

100
100
100

51
51
96

28
32

<*>

O th e r, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses -----

(* )

.01

100

64

29




10

10

_

31

.1 0

8

8

_

100
100
100
100

.24

6

6

34
31

1
1
22

11

10

1

-

(*)

_

_

_

(* )

1

13

5
~

3

_
-

-

1

1

5
31

17
9

16
-

5
-

_
13
(*>

14
14
4

5
1

1
1

**

~

~

1

4

-

2

-

_

4

37
50
34

100
100
100

_

That ha a expen ditu res f o r the itbem of

_
1

6

12

_
8
8

9

_
5
31

_
6

3
-

1

-

1

_

-

-

—
39
28
(*>

21

1

12

29

19

20

6

-

(* )

11
12

-

17

11
6

22

23

3

19

6

-

14

-

3

11

8

13

6

5

3

6

21
21

4

3
5
“

19
4
19
-

13
32
-

19
9
-

28
—

-

-

-

_
3
2

2
12

-

-

5
17
16
-

_
“

“

~

~

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

”

70
and
above

_

_

-

-

16
(* )

(* )
-

9
(♦ )

-

1

13
13

6

(♦ )

3
-

-

“

-

-

“

-

T•

~

3
-

Average
expen ditures
S ta tes
that had
expendi­
tu re s

Compensation
item

Percent of employment in
^That

That had e x pen ditu res f o r the item o f —

T o ta l
expend­
itu re s

Less than

1

2

1

and under
2 percent

3

percent

Premium pay -------------------------------------------------------Overtim e, h o lid a y ,a n d weekend w o r k --------S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s -------------------------------------

.9
.4
.4

.9
.4
.5

100
100
100

Pay f o r le a v e (ex c e p t sic k le a v e ) --------------V acation s earned ------------------------------------------H olid ays ---------------------------------------------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l l e a v e ------------ --------------

8.9
5.2
3.4
.3

8.9
5.2
3.4
.5

100
100
100
100

Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r retire m e n t
p r o g r a m s ------------------ ----------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r it y --------------------------------------------S tate retirem en t p la n s --------------------------------

9.4
2.9
6.4

9.4
3.4
6.4

100
100
100

7.1

7.1

100
100
100
100

Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r l i f e insurance
and h e a lth b e n e fit programs -----------------------L i f e , a c c id e n t,a n d h e a lth insurance ------Sick le a v e earned ----------------------------------------W orkers' compensation ----------------------------------

1 .8

2 .0

4.9
.4

4.9
.5

State governments—

1
1
22

_

63
89
67
_

-

-

-

69

31

33
8
11

1
1

3
4

-

-

23
~

1

59
"

_

_

_

5

-

2

4

7

22

39

3
5

-

8

-

_

20
-

-

5

84

11

6
-

7
-

7

8

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

—

~

_

_

5
-

6

_

49
15

~

-

-

_

-

14

13

1
1

(*)

_

(* )

4
5

_

25
18
~

4

66

8

8

9

9
10

_

10

and
over
_

-

-

16
(*>

24

46

10

—

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

-

~

14

-

3
29
27

12

17

28

-

-

-

-

16

9

3

5

5

8
-

(* )

17
-

13

22

23

28

6

9

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

54
“

28

6

-

-

1

3
~

-

Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r unemployment
b e n e fit s -----------------------------------------------------------Unemployment i n s u r a n c e -------------------------- ;—
Severance pay -------------------------------------------------

.2
.2

.4
.3

51
51
96

47
47
4

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(* )

100
100
100

1
1

.6

*

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses -----

.

1

.2

100

64

34

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-




_

Compensation item

New England
Connecticut
Haine
Hassachusetts Hew Hampshire
S tates
P er­
P er­
Per­
Per­
P er­
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent D o lla rs cent
cent
D o lla rs
of
of
per
of
per
of
per
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
hour sa tio n
hour s a t io n
hour s a t io n hour sa tio n
sa tio n
hour

Rhode Is la n d
P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

Vermont
Per­
D o lla rs
cent
of
per
compen­ work
s a tio n .hour

T o ta l co m p e n sa tio n ---------- -------------------

100.0

$5.60

100.0

$6.90

100.0

$0.08

100.0

$5.09

100.0

$0 . 8 6

100.0

$5.00

100.0

$5.00

Pay f o r working t i m e --------------------- ------------ —
S tr a ig h t-t im e p a y ---------- --------------— --------Premium pay — - - - - - - - - — -------------------------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work —
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l — — — — — — — —

75.0
70.2

0 .2 0

3.00
3.03

76.7
76.1
.7

0 .2 1

.8
.6
.2

0.82
0.77
.05

76.8
76.6

.00

69.8
69.1
.8

3.85
3.76
.08
.07

78.1
76.9
1.3

.00
.01

3.82
3.78
.03
.03

76.3
70.7
1.7

.6
.2

78.5
77.8
.7
.7
-

0.25
0.18
.07
.05

Pay f o r le a v e (except sick le a v e ) ------------Vacations earned --------------------— — - - - - - —
H o l i d a y s --------------------------- ---------------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l le a v e 1 ------------------- — —

8 .8

.09
.28
.19

.60
.30

.00

7.7

.26
.17

0 .6
2 .8

.1

.08
.28
.19
1* )

9.1
5.3
3.0

.0 2

9.2
0.9
3.5
.9

.0

.02

.3

7.1

.00

8 .0

.09
.30

3. 3
5.0

5.8
5.8

.*32
.32

6 .0

1 .6

.31
.18
.13

7 .8
3.6
0.3

.06
.16
.28

9 .7

6 .0
.0

.29

.02

.08
.17
.2 8
.03

Employer e x pen ditu res fo r retirem ent
programs -------- ----- ------------------ — ----- ----------—
S o c ia l s e c u r i t y ------ — — ----- -------- ----------—
State retirem en t plans2 - — — - - ------------Employer e x p e n d itu res fo r l i f e
insurance and h e alth b e n e fit plans —
—
L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h ealth insurance —
Sick le a v e earned — ------------- -— -------- ------W orkers' compensation — — — — — -----------Employer e x pen ditu res fo r unemployment
programs -------- ------------------------— — -------— - Unemployment insurance -----------------------------Severance p a y ----------------------- ------- — — --------

5.1
3.0
.3

5.0
8 .2

2.9
0.9
.3
.2
.2

(* )

0.16
.03
.01

.01
.01

(* )

.06

.39
.25
.13
(*>

.58
.23
.35

9.6
9.6

.03

.67
.32
.33

0.9

.22

0 .6
0 .8

.3

.02

.6
0 .2
.1

.03
. 19
(*>

8.7
3.1
5.1
.5

.0
.0

.03
.03
(*>

(*)
(* )

(* )
<*)

(* )
<*>
“

(* )

.2 0

.7

.00

2.5

. 17

89.0

5.01
.59

86.3
13.7

5.96
.90




.0
.2

8.7
5.6
3.0
(* )

in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses 3 ----

10.6

.01
.01

(♦>

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g ro ss p a y r o ll )4 -----------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s * — — — -

Other,

.2
.1

(* )

-

-

.03

-

89.6

0.0 1

10.0

.06

8 .8

5.2
3.5

(*>
90.6
9.0

0.17
.00
.02
.0 1

(*>
(♦>
<*)
0.97
.52

3.7
2.7

5.3
.3
(* )
<*)
“
92.9
7.1

1 .0
.2

1 .0

.01

.3

.01

.39
.23

9.3
5.1

.10
.01

0 .2

.50
.28
.23
(* )

.39
.18

6.5

.35

0 .1

.2 2

.21

2.3

.13

6 .1
.8

(*>

7 .0

.35

.02

2 .0

.10

.26

5.0
(* )

.25
(* )

5.1

.33
.05
.28

.2

.01

1.1
1 .1

.05
.05
-

<*>
(*>
-

.02

(*>
<*>
0.52
.30

89.1
10.9

0.09
.55

92.5
7.5

(* )
<*)
5.03
.01




R id dle
A t la n t ic
Compensation item

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
s a t io n
hour

Hew Jersey

T o ta l compensation ----------------------------------

1 00.0

$6 . 6 6

Pay f o r working time - — — — -----— - — -----------—
S tr a ig h t-t im e p a y --------------------- — — - — ----Premium p a y -----------------------------------------------------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work -----S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------------------------

70.4
69.8
.5
.4

4.68
4.65
.04
.03

74.8
73.8

.1

.01

Pay f o r le a v e (except sic k le a v e ) — -------- ----Vacation s e a r n e d -------------- — --------------------------H o l i d a y s ----------------------- - - - -----------------------------C iv ic and p erson al leave 1---------------------------- -

9.3
5.3
3.4
.5

Employer expenditures fo r retirem ent
programs ----------------------------------------- — ---------------S o c ia l s e c u r i t y ---------- — ---------------------------S ta te retirem en t p la n s 2---------------------------------Employer expenditures f o r l i f e
in suran ce and h ealth b e n e fit plans -------------L i f e , ac cid e n t, and h ealth insurance — —
Sick le a v e earned ------------------------------------------W orkers' compensation -----------------------------------Employer expenditures f o r unemployment
programs ------------------------------------ ------------------------Unemployment i n s u r a n c e --------------------- -----------Severance p a y -------------- -----------------------------------

Hew York

P er­
P er­
cent
D o lla rs cent D o lla rs
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work
s a t io n hour sa tio n
hour

Pennsylvania
Per­
D o lla rs
cent
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

$7.58

100.0

$5.44

65.7
65.1
.7
•4

4.98
4.93
.05
.03

75.4
75.3

4.11
4. 10

.9

5.24
5.17
.07
.06

.1

.01

.2

.02

. 1
-

.62
.36
.23
.04

9.3
4.9
3 .6

9.3
5.4
3.1

.8

.65
.34
.25
.06

.8

.70
.41
.23
.06

9.4
5.4
3.9
(♦ )

12.8

.85
.64

8.5
3.6
4 .8

.59
.25
.34

17.1
3.1
14.0

1.29
.23
1.06

8 .2

3.2
9.6

7.2
2.5
4.6

.6

.48
.13
.30
.04

.51
. 18
.32
(♦ )

7.3
2.4
4.0
.9

.55
.18
.30
.07

5.5
.3

.3
.3

.0 2
.0 2

(* )
(* f

.6
.6

.04
.04

(*>
(* )

7.2
2 .0

4.6

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses3— -----

(* )

Mages and s a l a r i e s (g ro ss p a y r o l l)4— -----------Supplements to wages and s a la r i e s 5
-----------------

84.3
15.7

.21

(* )
5.61
1.05

1 0 0 . 0 $7.00

1 .0

.1

(♦ )
<*)

100.0

.2

.01

(* )

88.9

6.23
.77

79.0

11.1

21.0

(*>
5.99
1.59

.1

3.2
5.0
7.0
1 .2

.01
.01

“
.51
.30
.21

(* )
.45
. 17
.27
. 38
.07
.30
.02

<*)
(* )

(♦ )

<*)

90.2
9 .8

4.91
.53




C om pensation item
T o ta l c o m p e n s a tio n -------------------- ---------------Pay fo r w orking t i m e ---------------------------- -—
S t r a ig h t -tim e p a y ---------.--------------------------Premium p a y ---------------- -------------------------------O vertim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------------Pay fo r le a v e (e x c e p t s ic k le a v e ) ---------V a c a tio n s earned --------------------------------------H o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------C iv ic and p e r s o n a l le a v e 1----------------------Employer e x p e n d itu r e s fo r r e tir e m e n t
program s -------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r it y ----------------------------------------S ta te r e tir e m e n t p la n s 2-------------------- - —
Em ployer e x p e n d itu r e s fo r l i f e
in su r a n c e and h e a lth b e n e f it p la n s — —
L if e , a c c id e n t, and h e a lth in su ra n c e S ick le a v e earned ------------------------------------W orkers' com p en sation ----------------------------Em ployer e x p e n d itu r e s fo r unemployment
p r o g r a m s -----------------------------------------------------Unem ployment in s u r a n c e ------------------- -—
S e v era n ce p a y ------------------------------------------O th er, in c lu d in g n o n p rod u ctio n b o n u se s3'
Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o ss p a y r o ll)4 ------Su pp lem ents t o wages and s a l a r i e s 5----------

E ast North
C e n tra l
M ichigan
I llin o is
In d ia n a
O hio
W iscon sin
P er­
P er­
Per­
P er­
P er­
P er­
c e n t D o lla r s c e n t D o lla rs c e n t D o lla r s c e n t D o lla r s c e n t D o lla rs c e n t D o lla r s
per
of
of
of
per
per
of
of
per
of
per
p er
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
s a t io n hour s a t io n hour s a tio n hour s a t io n hour s a t io n hour s a t io n hour
100.0

75.7
75. 1
.6

.4

$5.76

100.0

$6.08

100.0

$4.59

100.0

$6 . 6 6

100.0

$4.86

100.0

$6.15

4.36
4.33
.04

76.9
76.6

4.67
4.66

78.8
78.6

3.61
3.61

75.0
73.9

76.4
75.4

.01
.01
.01

.1
.1

. 01
.01

1 .0
.6

71.4
70.9
.4

(*>

3.71
3.66
.05
.05
(* )

4.39
4.37

.2
.1
.1

4.99
4.92
.07
.04
.03

.59
.33
.22

8.5
4.6
3.9

6.7
3.8
2.9
(* )

.32
.18
.14
(* )

7.9
5.0
2.7
.3

.49
.31
.17

.03

.45
.30
.15
~

8 .6

.42

12.3
3.7

.76
.23
.53

.2

.02
.01

7.9
4.7
3.0

.46
.27
.17

.2

.01

9.6
5.5
3.7
.5

8.4

.49
.15
.34

7.5
2.9
4.6

.42
. 14
.26

6 .0

2 .6

5.9
7.4
2.5
4. 5
.4

.02

.2
.1

.01
.01

. 1

(* )

.39
.21

.4
6.7
4.5
2 .2

.1

.18
(* )

.45
.17
.28

6.9
3.9
3.0

.32
. 18
.14

8 .2

.54

3.2
5.0

.21

-

.33

8 .6

.36
.09
.27
X*>

5.7
4.2
.3

.26
.06
.19

8 .6

1.5
4.5
. 1

.57
.25
.29
.03

8.3
2.4
4.9

(* )
(* )
<*>

(* )
<*)
(* )

(♦)
<*)

(* )

.04

<*>

(♦ )

(* )

.5
.3
.3

.02
.02

(* )

(♦)

<*)

(* )

1 .0

.07

(* )

87.4

5.82
.84

8 8.0
12.0

.3

.02

<*)

88.5
11.5

5.10

91.0
9.0

.66

-

1 .0
1 .0

5.53
.55

1 .2

91.5
8.5

.01

-

4.20
.39

"

3 .7
4.4
.5

1 2.6

1.1

-

-

.2
.2

.02
.01
.01

.02

.42

8 .6

.41

7.6
3.2
4.2

.26

.2

.01

.02
.02

(* )

.4
.4
-

(* )

.4

.02

83.9
16.1

5.16
.99

.12

.24
.05

-

4.28
.59

.47
.20

*

West Worth
C en tral
Compensation item

T o ta l compensation

to

00

Pay fo r w orking t i n e —
------------ ----- — S t r a ig h t -tim e pay — ---------------------- ---------------Premium p a y ------------------------------------ — ------- ----- O vertim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work - —
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l -----— - - - - - - - - - —
Pay f o r ie a v e (e x c e p t s ic k le a v e ) ---------------V a c a tio n s earn ed ------------ --- --------------------------- H o lid a y s — - — - - - - - - - - — — — — — — ----C iv ic and p e r s o n a l le a v e 1 — - - - - - — - — —
Employer e x p e n d itu r e s fo r r e tir e m e n t
p r o g r a m s ------------------------------------------------- ---------- S o c ia l s e c u r it y - — ---------------------------- — — —
S t a te r e tir e m e n t p la n s 2 - - - --------------------------Employer e x p e n d itu r e s fo r l i f e
in su r a n c e and h e a lth b e n e f it p la n s -------— L if e , a c c id e n t , and h e a lth in su r a n c e — —
S ick le a v e earned -------------------------------------------W orkers' com p en sa tio n — ---- — — — ------------Em ployer e x p e n d itu r e s fo r unem ploym ent
p r o g r a m s -------------- ----------------------------------- --— - —
Unemployment in su r a n c e -------------------- --— —
S e v era n ce pay -------------------- -------- --------- ----------O th er, in c lu d in g n o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u ses3 -----Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o ll) 4 — — — —
Su pp lem ents t o w ages and s a l a r i e s 5— ------------




Iowa

Kansas

P er­
P er­
cent D o lla rs cent D o lla rs
of
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour sation hour
100.0

77. 4
77.1
.3
.2

. 1

$4.74
3.67
3.66
.01
.01

<*)

100.0

$5.28

74.8
74.5
.3
(*)
.3

3.95
3.93
• 02
<*)

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour
100.0

78.4
78.3
.1
.1

.34
.19
. 15

9.0
3.9
5.1

.44
.19
.25

6 .6

.61
.09
.51

5.3
1.4
3.8

.26
.07
.19

6 .2
2 .2

.01

.2

.01

7.3
4.6
2.7

7.2
3.7
3.4

.34
. 18
.16

6.5
3.6
2.9

6 .6
1 .0

.31
.05
.25

11.6
1.6

( *)
(*)

()
*
(*)
91.5
8.5

( *)
(* )
<*)
(*)
4.34
.40

(*)
(*)
<*>
91.6
8.4

.8
.6
.1

.1

.37
.24
.13
<*)

. 01

3.87
3.86
(* )
(* )

77.4
76.6

9.8

7.1
4.5
2.5
(*)

9.7
.3

100.0

.36
.23
.13
(* )

.42
.25
.16
(*>

5.3
.3

$4.94

.02

5.4
3.4
(*)

8 .8

Minnesota
Per­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

<*)
<*)
(*)
4.84
.44

-

-

“

“

<*)
89.5
10.5

(*)
4.42
.52

6 .1

3.6
”

3.2
3.4

3.9
.1
.1
.1

( *)
(*>
91.0
9.0

M isso u ri
P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

Nebraska

100.0

$4.35

79.1
79.1
-

3.34
3.34
“

80.1
80.1
<*)
(* )
(♦ )

3.49
3.49
<*>
(* )
(♦ )

9.1
5.4
3.6

.38
.23
.15
(* )

8.9
5.3
3.4

.39
.23
.15

.1

.36
.19
.17
(*>

.1

.01

.32
.17
.14

7.5
4.4
3.2

.31
.18
.13

6 .8

.29
.15
.13

6 .2

.27
.19
.08

.26
.24

4.7

.19

5.0
.7
3.7
.5

.21

4 .8

-

4.5
.3

.19

100.0

$4.44

100.0

$4.06

3.97
3.93
.04
.03

77.3
77.3

78.9
78.6
.3
.3

3.21
3.19

.01

<*)

3.43
3.43
(*>
(* )
(* )

.50
.31
.19
~

9.7
5.9
3.8
(♦)

• 43
.26
.17
(* )

8.9
4.6
4.2

.34
.17
.17

7.1
4.0
3.2

.32

5.8

.11
.20
.01

5.4
.5

(*)
(* )
<*)
(*>
4.67
.46

-

.02

92.4
7.6

.1

.01
.01

<*)

.2

.01

4.5
(♦)

.18
(* )

-

_
*

South Dakota

1 0 0 . 0 $4.23

$5.13

.1
.1

North Dakota

P er­
P er­
P er­
cent D o lla r s cent D o lla rs cent D o lla r s
of
of
of
per
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
hour s a t io n
hour
sa tio n hour sa tio n

:
4.10
.34

-

:

:

(*>
92.3
7.7

<*)
3.75
.31

.1

3.7
3.1

_
92.0
8 .0

.03
.16
.0 2

_
3.89
.34

4.3
1.9

-

.1
.1

93.5
6.5

.21

.01

(* )
<*)
4.07
.28

South
A t la n tic
Compensation item

Delaware

F lo r id a

G eorgia

P e r­
Per­
P er­
Per­
cent D ollars cent D o lla rs cent D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs
of
of
per
per
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour s a tio n
hour sa tio n
hour sa tio n
hour

Maryland
P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

North
C a ro lin a

South
C a ro lin a

P er­
Per­
cent
D o lla rs cent D o lla rs
of
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work
s a t io n hour s a tio n hour

T o t a l compensation -------------- -------------- 1 0 0 . 0

$4.72

100.0

$4.95

100.0

$4.83

100.0

$4.51

100.0

$6.31

100.0

$4.85

100.0

$4.12

Pay fo r working time — - - -------- -— -------— S tr a ig h t-t im e pay -------------------------------------Premium pay — ----------------------------- — -----------O vertim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work—
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------------------

75.4
74.8

3.56
3.53
.03

70.7
70.2

79.8
79.5
.3

3.86
3.84

73.5
73.4

3.32
3.31

69.1
67.9

.01
.01

1.2

75.4
75.0
.4

.5
(* )

.1
.1

.6

3.74
3.69
.05
.03

3.10
3.09

.01
.01

4.36
4.28
.08
.05
• 03

77.2
76.2
.9

.02
.01

3.50
3.47
.03
.03
(*>

.3

.02

Pay f o r le a v e (except s ic k le a v e ) -----------Vacations earned ---------------------------------------H o l i d a y s -------------- — — ----- 1
------ -----------------C iv ic and person al le a v e -------------------------

9.3
5.4
3.6
•2

.44
.26
.17

.49
. 29
.19
(* )

8 .6

.67
• 33
.28
• 05

7.8
4. 8
2.7
•2

.38
.23
.13

.01

9.8
6. 0
3.8
(♦ )

Employer exp e n d itu res f o r retirem en t
programs --------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r i t y -------— - — ------------ ----------State retirem en t p l a n s -----------------------------

3.9
4.8

.41
.18
.23

11.3
3.8
7.5

4.3
4.3

.54
.27
.27

11.4
4.0
7.5

7.9
1.3
5.8

11.7

.74

5.6

.31
.03
.27

.2

.01

Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r l i f e
insurance and h e alth b e n e f it pla n s
~
L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e alth insurance —
Sick le a v e e a r n e d -------------- — ----- ----- ----- —
W orkers' compensation ------------------------------

.6

.4
.2

8 .8

.6

(* )

<*>

9.5

5.1
3.1
•4

.41
• 25
.15
• 02

.43
• 27
. 15
(* )

.56
.19
.37

7.0
3.7
3.3

.34
.18
.16

9.7
3.5

(* )

4.6

.8

.39
.06
.29
.04
.01

(*>
• 01

6 .0

3.4
(* )

6 .2

.44
.16
.28

.7
.5
1 0.6

5.3
4.5
.8
8 .6

.2
.2

West
V ir g in ia

P e r­
P er­
cent D o lla rs cent D o lla rs
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour
hour sa tio n
100.0

$4*04

79.1
78.5
.5
.5
(* )

3.31
3.29

70.3
70.2

2.84
2.83

.02
.02

.2
.2

.01
.01

-

-

1 0 0 . 0 $4.19

<*>

.38
• 23
.15
(* )

9 .6
5.6
4.1
(* )

.40
. 23
.17
(♦ )

10.7

.01

9.3
5.7
3.6
(* )

.55
.19
.36

9.5
4,1
5.4

.39
.17

5.4
3 .9
1.5

• 22
• 16
.06

11.1

.22

5 .9

.25

7.8

.2

.0 1

.8

5 .6

.23
(* )

6.3

6 .2

4.4
•1

4.0
7.1

.43
• 25
.18
(* )
.45
.16
.29

6.5
.6

Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r unemployment
programs ----------------------------- — ----------------------Unemployment insurance ----------------------------Severance pay

(*>
<*>
(* )

(* )
(* )
(* )

.2
.1
•2

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses 3 —

(* )

(* )

-

Mages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o l l ) 4— — —
Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 3— ------ -

90.4
9.6




.2
.1

.02
.01
.01

V i r g i n ia

4.26
.45

86.5
13.5

4.28
.66

-

.22

7.3

-

2 .0

5.2

.2

.21
.01

-

-

-

<*>

(*>

<*>

4.4

92.8
7.2

4.49
.35

.1

8 8.2
11.8

.33
.09
.23
<*>

3.4

.16

.10

-

.63

3.2

.15

5.6

.2

.01

.2

.01

.1

-•

“

-

—
~

—
“

—

<*>

(* )

<*>

.3

.01

.1

5.65

88.4

.66

1 1.6

4.28
.56

90.4
9.6

3.98
.53

89.6
10.4

-

5.7

1 .6

9.9

-

-

.23
-

.23
(♦ )

.1

.8

.31
.03
.25
.03

-

T
“

~

-

—

—

~

(♦ )

*

-

-

-

3.72
.40

94.3
5.7

3.95
.24

87.3
12.7

3.53
.51




East South
C e n tra l
Compensation item

T o t a l compensation - — -----— -------— -----— -

1 00.0

Pay f o r working t i m e --------------------- --------------------S tr a ig h t-t im e p a y --------------------- ---------— — — Premium pay — — — — — — — — — — — —
Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work — ----S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l — — — — — — --------------

76.6
76. ft

Pay f o r le a v e (except sic k le a v e )
Vacations earned ------------------------- -------— — ----H olidays — — —
— —
— —— — —
C iv ic and person al le a v e 1 — — --------------- ------

9.0
5.2
3.7

.1
.1
.1

.1

Employer e x pen ditu res f o r retirem ent
programs — ---------- ------------* ------- ------------ — — ----S o c ia l s e c u r it y — — — — — — — — — — — — —
State retirem en t plans 2 ---------- ----------- ------- —

3.9
U. 6

Employer ex p e n d itu res f o r l i f e
insurance and h ealth b e n e fit plans ---------------L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h ealth insurance ---------Sick le a v e earned — — — — — —
——
—
w o rk e rs' compensation — — —
—— —— —

4.3
.3

Employer e x p e n d itu res fo r unemployment
p r o g r a m s -------------- ------— ----------------- — — -----------Unemployment in s u r a n c e ------------------— — ---------Severance pay — -------- ----- — — — —
—
— .
O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses* —

Alabama

Kentucky

H i s s is s ip p i

Tennessee

Per­
P e r­
P er­
P er­
P e r­
cent
D ollars cent D o lla rs cent
D ollars cent
D o lla rs cent D o lla r s
of
of
per
of
per
of
per
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
s a t io n
hour s a t io n hour s a t io n
hour s a t io n hour sa tio n
hour

—

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g ro ss p a y r o ll ) 4 ------— -----Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 5— — — - -

8 .6

5.8
1 .2

(* )
<*>
(*)

89.9
10.1

$4.28
3.28
3.27
.01

(*>
(* )
.38
.22

.16
(* )
.37
.17

1 0 0 . 0 $4.59

76.7
76.6
. 1
(* )

$4.06

100.0

$3.91

.02
.01
.01

78.1
78.0
(*>
<*>
(*>

3.17
3.17
(*>
(*>
(* )

76.2
76.2
(* )
(* )

2.98
2.97
(♦ )
(*>

.34
.2 1

9.1
5.7
3.4
-

3 .9
4.2

.32
.15
.17

6.5
1.9
4.6
-

.25
.07
.18
-

.43

8 .8

.22
.21

5.0
3.7

.40
.23
.17

8.5
5.3
3.1

.2

.01

.1

.13
<*)

.37
.18
.19

10.0

.46
.19
.27

7 .5
3 .6
3.9

.30
.15
.16

5.0

.23
• 03
.17
.03

5 .9
.4
5.1
•4

.02
.21
.02

.1

8 .1

(* )

.25
.05
.18

4. 1

.27
.07
.19

.01

.1

.01

(* )

100.0

3.47
3.45

9 .4
4 .8
4 .5

3.9
4.2

3.84
.43

$4.56

76.1
75.7
.3

.1

.20

(*>
(* )
•

100.0

3.52
3.51
(♦ )
<*>
<*)

5.8
1 .6

(*>
(* )
“
90.1
9.9

(* )
<♦)
4.14
.45

.1
.2

4.2
5.8

.6

3.8
.7
(* )
<*)
(*>
88.7
11.3

(*>
(* )
“
(* )
4.04
.52

(* )
(* )
91.6
8.4

.24

(* )
(* )
3.72
.34

8 .2

(*>
(*>
89.9
10.1

.35
.22

.13
-

!♦)
<*>
3.51
.40




West South
C e n tra l
Compensation item

T ota l compensation ------------------------------------

100.0

$4.33

Pay fo r working time — — — — — — — — — —
S tra ig h t-tim e pay — — — — — — — ---------------Premium p a y ------ ----- ----------------------------------------—
Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work — —
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l —
— —— ——
—
—

76.8
76.5
.3

3.33
3.32

Pay f o r le a v e (except sic k l e a v e ) ---------- --------Vacation s e a r n e d -------- ----- -— —
— ----------—
H olidays - — — — — — —
—
— ---------C iv ic and p erson al le a v e 1— — — — — — — —

8.4
4.9
3.4

Employer expenditures fo r retirem ent
programs --------------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r i t y -----------------------------------------------S tate retirem ent pla n s2— —
———————
Employer expenditures f o r l i f e
insurance and h ealth b e n e fit plans -------------- L i f e , ac cid e n t, and h e alth insurance — — —
Sick le a v e earned — — — — — — — —
—
Workers* com pen sation -----------------------------------Employer expenditures f o r unemployment
programs ------ ------------------------------------- --------------Unemployment insurance — —
—
————
Severance pay — — — —
— —
—
— —
O ther,

in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses 5 ----------

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g ro ss p a y r o ll ) 4 — — — — —
Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s * —
—
—

Arkansas

L o u isian a

P er­
P er­
P er­
cent
D o lla rs cent D o lla rs
D o lla rs cent
of
of
per
per
per
of
compen* work compen­ work compen­ work
s a t io n
hour s a t io n
hour
sa tio n
hour

.2
.1

.1

6 .2

3.0
5.2
6 .7

.01
.01

(* )
.36
.21

.15
(* )
.35
.13
.22

1 .6

.29
.07

4 .7
.3

.2 0
.01

(* )
<*>
89.9
10.1

l*>
(♦ )
3.90
• 44

Oklahoma

Texas

P e r­
P er­
D o lla rs cent D o lla r s
cent
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work
hour
sa tio n hour sa tio n

1 0 0 . 0 $3.75

100.0

$4.24

100.0

$4.27

100.0

$4.55

2.89
2.89
(* )
<*)

77.7
77.3
.5
.4

3.30
3.28

74.6
74.6

.0 2
.01

76.9
76.6
.3
.3

3.50
3.48

.1
.1

3.19
3.19
(*>
<•)
(*>

.31

7.5
5.2
2.3
<*>

.37
.26

8.7
4.3
4.3

.40
.19
• 20

.2

.01

77.0
76.9
. 1
.1

.1

8.3
5.3
2.9
.1

.20
. 11

(* )

9.7
4.4
5.3

.36
.17

4.9
.3
4.3
.4

.19

7.9

.01

2 .1

• 16

5.2

“
89.6
10.4

.20

6.9
6.9

.01

.6

-

*
-

•
3.36
• 39

90.4
9.6

(♦ )

<*)

.32

8.7

.22
.10

6 .0

(* )
.29
•
.29
.33
.09
.22
• 02

*
•
3.84
• 40

2.7
<*>

.11

(* )

.1

.01
.01

<♦>

.36
• 18
.18

8.5
4 .0
4 .5

• 39
.18

8 .1

.35

2.4
5.1
.7

.10
.22

5.9
1.4
4.4

.27
• 06

.03

.1

8 .5
4.2
4 .3

*
-

88.4
11.6

”
3.78
.49

(*>
<♦>
90.0
10.0

.21

.20
.01

C*>
C*>
“
4.09
.45

Mountain
P er­
D o lla rs
cent
o f.
per
sompen- work
:ation
hour

Compensation item

T o ta l co m p en sation ------------------------------

Arizona
P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

Colorado

Idaho

Hemtana

Per­
P e r­
Per­
D o lla rs
cent D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent
of
of
per
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
sation
hour s a tio n hour sa tio n
hour

Mevada

Mew Mexico

Utah

Per­
cent
D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hour

Per­
D o lla rs
cent
of
per
compen­ work
sation hour

P er­
cent
D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

Wyoming
P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation hour

CD
10

1 00.0

$5.12

100.0

$5.12

100.0

$5.84

100.0

$4.95

100.0

$4.86

100.0

$6.09

100.0

$4.19

1 00.0

$4.97

100.0

$4.87

Pay f o r working t in e — — — ------------------------S tr a ig h t-t im e pay ------------------Premium pay -------------------------------------------------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work—
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l
——

76.9
76.6

3.94
3.92

76.3
76.2

3.91
3.90

3.74
3.70
.04
.04
(*>

76.8
75.7

4.68
4.61
.07
.0 6

3.18
3.17
(* )
<*>
(* )

77.2
77.2

3.84
3.84
(* )
<*)
*

3.83
3.82

.01

75.7
75.7
(* )
(*>
C*>

78.5
78.4

(* )

3.74
3.74
(* )
<♦)
(* )

77.0
76.1
.9

(*>

4.53
4.53
<*)
<*)
*

75.6
75.6

<*)

77.6
77.6
(* )
<*>
-

Pay f o r le a v e (except sic k le a v e ) — — - Vacations earned ---------------------------------------H o l i d a y s --------------------------- --------------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l l e a v e ------------------------

9.1
5.5
3.6

.47
.28
.18
(* )

9.8
5.9
3.8
(* )

9.3
5.4
3.8

.54
.32

5.6
3.0
(* )

.42
.27
.14
(* )

9.2
5.8
3.2

.56
.36
.19

9.4
5.5
3.8

.39
.23
.16

.2

.0 1

.2

.01

9.1
5 .0
3.9
•2

.2 0
.01

.39
.13
.26

8 .2

.42

.34
.16
.18

.33

8 .0

.1

.01

5.4

.33

4.0
4.0

.34
.17
.17

7 .6
3.7
3 .9

.38
.18
.19

8.5
4.2
4.3

.41

.20
.22

7.1
3.3
3.8

5.5

3.9
4.3

7.1

• 50

6 .7

.30
.07

4.8
.7
3.8
.3

.23
.03
.18
• 01

Employer exp e n d itu res f o r retirem en t
programs -------- -— - —
—
S o c ia l s e c u r ity - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - — - S tate retirem en t p la n s 2 ---------------------------Employer exp e n d itu res f o r l i f e
insurance and h e alth b e n e fit pla n s - — —
L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e a lth insurance —
Sick le a v e earned -------------------------------------W orkers• compensation ------------------------------Employer e xp e n d itu res f o r unemployment
programs --------------------------------------------------------Unemployment in su ra n c e ----------— — --------Severance pay — ----------------------------------------O ther,

in c lu d in g nonproduction bon u ses3-*
4

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o l l) -----—
Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 9 -------—




.2
.2

.1

7.6
2 .6

5.0
6.3
1 .0

4.6
.6

.1

.01
.01

.32
.05
.24
.03

.2
.2

.01
.01

(*>
.50
.30
.20

<*>

5.6

.28

.2

4.3

.01
.22

1.1

.05

8 .6

7.1
7.1

.41
.41

9 .7
4.4
5 .3

6 .0
.6

.35
.03
.30

1.4
4 .2

.30
.07

1 .1

.34
.05

8 .2
2 .0

.12

1 .6

.2 1

4 .5

.22

.28
.07
.19

.6

.03

1 .6

.33
.04

4.6

.02

5.4
.7

.6

.02

5.1
.3

6 .2

.48
.22

.26

.08

-

-

.3
.3
(*>

-

-

(* )

“

_

(♦ )

-

-

-

-

.2

• 01

.3

4.64
.48

92.0

90.3
9 .7

4.39
.47

91.7
8.3

(* )
(*>

(*>
(* )

.1

(*>

.1

90.5
9.5

2 .8
.1

.41
.27
.14
(* )

1.1
1 .0
.1

_

(* )
1* )
(* )

4.64
• 48

.22

<*)

8 .2

5.4

.8
.1

_

<*)
(* )

90.7
9.3

.1

.1
.1

(* )

8 .0

5.37
.47

88.0
1 2.0

.02
.01

4.35
.59

-

.1
.1

(* )
(♦1

.1
.1

.1
.1

6 .1

1.5
4 .4
.3

• 45
.25

.22
.01

-

5.59
• 50

89.7
10.3

.01
.01

*

8 .2

4.8
3.3
.1

.40
.24
. 16
(♦ )

.20
.21

(* )
(*>

(*>
(* )

(*>
(* )

-

_

_

-

<*>

<*)

(*>

<*>

•
.01

.1
.1

~

3.76
.43

90.7
9.3

4.51
.46

90.5
9.5

-

4.41
.46




P a c ific
Compensation item

T o ta l compensation ------------ ----- ------------------

Alaska

Per­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen- work
s a t io n
hour

Per­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

100.0 $6.14

100.0 $9.12

C a l if o r n ia

Hawaii

P er­
Per­
cent D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs
of
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tion
hour s a t io n
hour
100.0 $6.28

100.0 $6.10

Oregon

Sashington

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
s a tio n hour

P e r­
cent D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

100.0 $5.45

100.0 $5.48

Pay f o r working t i n e ------------ ------- -— ----------- — S t r a ig h t - t in e pay -------- ---------------------------------Premium p a y --------------- * ------------ -------- --------------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work -------S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l — —
— —
—— ——

76.2
75.4
.8
.6
.3

4.68
4.63
.05
.03
.02

72.2
71.0
1.2
1.1
.1

6.59
6.48
.11
.10
.01

76.4
75.6
.8
.5
.3

4.80
4.75
.05
.03
.02

69.6
68.6
1.0
.9
.1

4.25
4.19
.06
.05
.01

78.5
77.9
.5
.5
<*>

4.28
4.25
.03
.03
(*>

77.3
76.4
.9
.5
•4

4.23
4.18
.0 5
.03
.02

Pay f o r le a v e (except sick le a v e ) — —
—
Vacations earned — - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - H olidays --------------------------- --------------------------------C iv ic and person al le a v e --------------------------------

9.2
5.0
3.4
.9

.57
.30
.21
.05

9.7
6.4
3.1
.1

.88
.58
.29
.01

9.2
4.6
3.4
1.2

.S8
.29
.21
.08

11.0
6 .8
4.2
.1

.67
.41
.26
(* )

8.0
4 .8
2.9
.2

.44
.26
.16
• 01

9.3
5.3
3.6
.4

.51
.29
.20
.02

Employer expen ditu res f o r retirem ent
programs ---------- ---------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r ity
—
S tate retirem en t p l a n s ---------- ----------------- -------

8.4
2.5
5 .9

.51
.15
.36

11.5
3.5
8.1

1.05
.31
.74

8.5
2.1
6.4

.53
.13
.40

9 .9
3.4
6 .5

.61
.21
.40

7.9
3.9
4.0

.43
.21
.22

6.5
2.8
3.7

.35
.15
.20

Employer expenditures fo r l i f e
insurance and h ealth b e n e fit plans - — ---------L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h ealth insurance —
—
Sick le a v e earned
------ — — — -------------W orkers' compensation — — — — — — -----— —

5.9
1.1
4.0
.8

.36
.07
.25
.05

6.4
1.3
4.6
.5

.58
.12
.42
.04

5.8
1.2
3.7
.9

.36
.07
.23
.06

8 .8
1.2
6 .8
.7

• 54
.08
.42
.04

5.3
(* )
4 .2
1.1

.29
(* )
.23
.06

5.9
1.1
4.3
•5

.32
.06
.24
.03

Employer ex pen ditu res fo r unemployment
programs
— ----------------- --------------------Unemployment insurance — — — —
——
—
Severance pay --------------------— ---------------------------

.3
.3
(* )

.02
.02
<*)

.2
.1
. 1

.01
.01
.01

(♦ )
(* )

.6
.6
-

.04
.04
-

.3
.3
(* )

.02
.02
(♦>

1.0
1.0
~

.05
.05
-

Other,

in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses 1 ---------3
2

(* )

Mages and s a la r i e s (g ro ss p a y r o ll ) 4 -----------------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 5
— —
——

89.5
10.5

(* )
5.50
.65

86.5
13.5

1 Includes military leave.
2 Includes State government contributions to retirement funds, and
payments directly to pensioners under pay-as-you-go pension systems.
3 Other includes lump sum payments for merit awards, longevity,
awards for suggestions and other incentive payments and bonuses.
4 Wages and salaries include all direct payments to workers normally
shown on IRS W -2 forms and consist of pay for working time; pay for
vacations, holidays, sick leave, and civic and personal leave, severance
pay, and other compensation (including nonproduction bonuses).

7.89
1.23

(*>
89.4
10.6

(* )
<*)
~
(♦>
5.61
.67

(*>
87.5
12.5

(♦>
5.34
.76

90.6
9.4

4.94
.51

91.0
9.0

4.98
.49

5
Supplements to wages and salaries include a ll employer expendi­
tures for compensation other than wages and salaries' and consist of ex­
penditures for retirement programs (including direct pay to pensioners
under pay-as-you-go pension systems), and outlays for life insurance,
health benefit programs (except sick leave), and unemployment insurance.
NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal
totals. Asterisk (* ) indicates less than 0.05 percent of $0. 005.

Hew England
States
Compensation item

P er­
cent
D ollars
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

Connecticut
P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
s a tio n
hour

Haine
P e r­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
s a tio n
hour

Hassachusetts New Hampshire
Per­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hour

Rhode Isla n d

P er­
P er­
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs
cent
per
of
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n hour
hour
sation

Vermont
Per­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation hour

T o ta l compensation -------------------------------

100.0

$5.98

100.0

$7.37

100.0

$4.23

100.0

$6.41

100.0

$5.60

100.0

$4.63

100.0

$5.41

Pay f o r working tim e — — -------- - — ----------------S tr a ig h t-t im e pay — - — - - ---------- -— - — -----Premium p a y ------------- ------- --------------— ----------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work —
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l — -------------------- -------—

74.1
73.0

4.44
4.37
.07
.07
(*)

6 6.6
64. 8
1 .8

78.0
77.9

3.30
3.30

77.3
76.5

.01
.01

.8
.8

.1

.01

-

-

-

77.5
75.6
1.9
1.9
-

75.3
75.3
-

3.49
3.49
“

76.7
74.8
1.9
1.9
(* )

4.15
4.05

.1
.1

4.95
4.90
.05
.05
-

4.34
4.23

1.7

4.91
4.77
.13
.13

Pay f o r le a v e (except s ic k le a v e ) — ----------V acation s e a r n e d -------------------- -— --------- -— H o l i d a y s ---------- ----- --------- --------- ----------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l le a v e 1- - — - - - — -----------

9. a
5.2
3.5
.7

.56
.31

9.8
4.7
3.2
1.9

.72
.35
.23
. 14

7.9
5.4
2.5
-

.63
.36
.26

.55
.30
.17
.08

.36
.23
.12

-

9.3
5.3
4.0
-

.50
.28

2 .6

.01

9.8
5.3
3.0
1.4

7.7
5.0

-

9.8
5.6
4.1
. 1

7.6

.45

10.3
4.0
6.3

.76
.29
.47

9.6
9.6

.40
.40

4.9
4.9

.32
.32

6.7
3.9
2.7

.37

7.6
3.9
3.7

.35
.18
.17

7.1
4.0
3.1

.38

.22

11.2
6 .0

.19

5.4
.4

7.8
2.3
5.5
*

.36

.17
-

.3
5.3
.4

.02

3.9
-

.51
.14
.34
.03

.34

.02

8 .0
2 .2

6 .0

.6

• 26
-

6.9
.9
5.3

.02

.82
.44
.35
.04

4.5

4.7
.5

.8

.38
.05
.28
.04

-

-

(* )
(* )

1.6
1 .6

.07
.07

-

-

Employer e x pen ditu res f o r retirem ent
programs — ---------------------------------— - — ----------—
S o c ia l s e c u r i t y -------------------------------------------I
S tate retirem en t p la n s 2- — - — ---------- — -------!
Employer e x pen ditu res f o r l i f e
insurance and h e alth b e n e fit plans - — - — L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e a lth insurance -----Sick le a v e earned ------ -— - - - - - - - - - - - —
Workers' c o m p e n sa tio n -------------------------- -------

1.1
1 .1

(* )

1 «9

.21

.04

. 11

5.7

.34

8 .2

.49
.17
.30

2.9
5.0
.4

Employer e x pen ditu res f o r unemployment
programs — - - — - - — - — -----— - - — — — ----------Unemployment in su ran ce - —
---Severance pay - - — ---------- --- ---------------- ----------

.2
.2

.01
. 01

.3
.3

.02
.02

~

*

Other,

in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses3- — -

.5

.03

1 .8

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o ll ^4 ------------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 9- — — — —

89.0

5.33

11.0

.66




82.9
17. 1

.13

-

6.11

89.9

1.26

10.1

.33
.23
.11

“
3.80
.43

*
92.4
7.6

5.92
.48

92.6
7.4

.11
.11

-

.15

.30
.02

(* )
(* )
“
5.19
.41

-

88.6

11.4

.11

4.10
.53

91.2
8 .8

.10
.10

(* )

.22

*

.22

. 17

4.94
.47




R iddle
A t la n t ic

Compensation item

New Jersey

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
hour
sa tio n

Per­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

New York

Pennsylvania

P e r­
Per­
cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs
of
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour sa tio n
hour

100.0

$6.37

100.0

$6 . 6 6

$8 . 1 2

100.0

$5.81

Pay f o r working time - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - S tra ig h t-tim e p a y --------------------- --------------------Premium p a y -----------------------------------------------------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work -----S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------------------------

72.5
71.5
.9
.9

4.61
4.55
• 06
.05
<*>

73.6
72.7

4.90
4.84
• 06
• 05
{*>

64.8
61.8
3.0
2.7
•3

5.26
5.02
.24

74.9
74.7

4.35
4.34
• 01

.22
.0 2

•

Pay fo r leav e (except s ic k le a v e ) -----------------Vacations earned — — — — — — — — —
H o l id a y s ----------------------------------------------------------C iv ic and person al le a v e 1 ------------- ---------------

9.4
5.2
3.7
•4

.60
.33
.24
.03

9.3
4.8
3.7

9.5
5.3
3.1

.8

.62
.32
• 25
.05

1.1

.77
• 43
.25
.09

9.3
5.3
4 .0
•

.54
.31
.23
-

Employer expenditures f o r retirem ent
programs -------------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l se c u rity ----------------------------------------------S tate retirem ent p la n s 2 -------- --------------— — —

10.3
3.2
7.2

.66
.2 0

8.9
3.8
5.1

.59
.25
.34

17.8
3.0
14.8

8 .1

.46

1.20

.47
.17
.30

Employer expenditures f o r " lif e
insurance and health b e n e f it plans -------------L i f e , acciden t, and h e a lth insurance — — Sick le a v e e a r n e d -----— — — — — — --------Workers* compensation — — — —
— —— -

7.7
2.3
4.8
•6

.49
.14
.31
.04

7.9
2 .9
4.6
.4

.52
.19
.31

7.4
2.9
3.6
.9

.60
.23
.30
.07

7 .7

.45

1 .8

.10

5.3

.31
.03

Employer expenditures f o r unemployment
p ro g ra m s------ -— --- -------— ------- ----- — - — ------- ----Unemployment insurance — —
—
—— —
Severance pay — — — — — — — — — —

.1
.1

<*)
<*)
*

~
~

•4
.4
~

.03
• 03

*
-

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses*--------

.1

<*>

.4

• 02

<*>

Wages and s a la r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o l l )4— — -------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s * —
——

86.7
13.3

87.8

5.85
• 81

78.0

T otal compensation ------------------------------

.1

5.52
• 85

.8
•8
.1

12.2

.02

~
-

-

100.0

22.0

1.45
.25

<*)
6.33
1.78

.2
•2

3 .0
5.1

.6

89.5
10.5

.01

•

~
~
5. 20
.61




Bast North
Cen tral

Compensation item

T o ta l compensation - — -----------------------------

Pay fo r w orking tim e — -------— ----- --— — ----- ------S t r a ig h t - t i n e pay ----------------------------------------------Premium p a y ------------------------------------ ---------------------O vertim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work --------S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l ------- ---------- -— ----- -------—
Pay fo r le a v e (e x c e p t s ic k le a v e ) ---------------- —
V a c a tio n s ea rn ed ------------------------------------------------H o l id a y s -------------------------— -----------------------------------C iv ic and p e r s o n a l le a v e — ------------------ — ------Em ployer e x p e n d itu r e s fo r r e tir e m e n t
program s ------------------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r it y --------------------------------------------------S t a te r e tir e m e n t p la n s2 -------------- ---------------------Em ployer e x p e n d itu r e s fo r l i f e
in su r a n c e and h e a lth b e n e f it p la n s - — ----------L if e , a c c id e n t, and h e a lth in su r a n c e — - - - S ick le a v e earn ed — - - --------------------— ------- — - Workers* c o m p e n sa tio n — ------ ----------------------------Em ployer e x p e n d itu r e s fo r unemployment
program s ------------------------------------------------------------------Unemployment in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------S e v e ra n ce p a y -------------------------------- ----------------------O th er, in c lu d in g n o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u se s3- - — - Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o ll^ 4— -------------S u pp lem ents to w ages and s a la r ie s * — ----------------

Illin o is

P er­
P er­
cent D o lla rs cent D o lla rs
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n hour s a tio n hour
1 0 0 . 0 $5.80

75.4
74.7

100.0

4.38
4.33
.04
.04
(* )

76.3
76. 3

.47
.28
.18
(*>

1 0.0

.49
.15
.34

8 .2

.43
.14
.25
.03

5.5
1.4
4.0
.1

.1
.2

.02
.01
.01

(* )
(* )

.3

.02

-

88.4

5.13

11.6

.6 8

90.3
9.7

.8
.7
(*)
8 .1

4.8
3.2
.1

8.5
2.6

5.9
7.4
2.5
4.4
.6

.3

.1
.1

(* )
5.9
4.1
“

4.0
4. 1

Indiana
P e r­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hour

H ichigan

Ohio

Wisconsin

P er­
Per­
D o lla rs cent
cent
D o lla rs
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour s a t io n
hour

P e r­
cent D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

$6.90

100.0

$4.23

100.0

$6.58

100.0

$5.06

100.0

$7.39

5.27
5.26
<*)

80.3
80.0
.3
.3

3.40
3.38

74.0
72.6
1.3
1.3

4.87
4.78
.09
.08
(*>

74.9
73.6
1.3
1.3

3.80
3.73
.07
.07
-

71.0
70.3
.7

5.25
5.20
.05
.05

.40
.26
.14

7.3
4.4

.37

8.9

.66

.22

2 .8

6 .0
2 .6

(*>

.14
(* )

.4

.44
.19
.03

8 .6

.44

11.3
3.4
7.9

.84
.25
.59

7.4
3.2
4.0

.54
.24
.29

.2

.02

.8
.8

.06
.06
-

<*)

(*>

“

.69
.40
.28
“

7.7
3.9
3.8

.56
.28
.28

6 .2

.38
.1 0

.27
.01

.01
.01

.1

.33
.16
.16
(*>

3.7

.26
.15

2 .6

.11

5.8
1.4
3.9
.5

.24
.06
.16
.02

.1
6 .1

3.9
2 .2
~

“

8.7
3.1
5.5

.57

8.7
4 .0
3.9
.7

.5 7
.26
.26
.05

~

.21

-

.36

8 .6

.44

9.2

• 46
.14
.27
.06

2 .8

5.3
1.1

-

(*>
(*>
-

~

-

1 .1

.07

(* )

(♦ )

.3

.02

-

-

.8

.05

(*>

(* )

-

-

-

1.4

.09

-

-

86.3
13.7

5.68
.90

6.23
.67

91.9
8 .1

3.89
.34

87.5
12.5

4.43
.63

.6
.1

-

.01

.6

.04

84.5
15.5

6.25
1.15

West North
C en tral

Compensation item

Iowa

P e r­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tion
hour

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
s a t io n hour

Kansas

Minnesota

H isso u ri

P er­
Per­
Per­
cent D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs
of
of
per
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
sation
hour s a tio n hour sa tio n
hour

Nebraska

North Dakota

South Dakota

P er­
P er­
P e r­
cent D o lla r* cent
D o lla rs cent D o lla r s
of
per
of
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour s a t io n
hour s a t io n . hour

$5.22

1 00.0

$5.72

100.0

$5.37

100.0

$5.19

100.0

$5.39

100.0

$4.00

Pay f o r working tim e ------------------------------------------S tr a ig h t-t im e pay - - - - - - - - - - — -----— -------— Premium pay
Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work -------S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l — — — — — — — — — —

77.3
76.9
.4
.3
.1

4.04
4.02

4.34
4.34
•

78.5
78.3

4.21
4.21

.1
.1

.01
.01

74.7
73.3
1.4
.7
.7

3.88
3.80
.07
.04
.03

77.8
77.8
-

4.19
4.19
-

78.8
77.8

.02
.01
.01

75.8
75.8
”

3.15
3.11
.04
.04
-

79.8
79.8
-

3.95
3.95
-

81.2
81.2
-

4.26
4.26
_
'

Pay f o r le a v e (except s ic k l e a v e ) ------ ----------V acation s earned - — — — — ------— --- ---------------H olidays --------------------------- y--------------------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l leave ------------------------— -

8.5
5.2
3.3
(*)

.45
.27
.17
(* )

6.4
3.7
2.7
(* )

.36

7.0
4.5

10.2

2.6

9.3
5.7
3.6
“

.50
.31
.19
-

9.4
4.5
4.5
.4

.37
.18
.18

5.1
3.4

.43
.25
.17

8 .4
4 .7
3.6

“

.53
.35
.18
*

8 .6

.15
(* )

.38
.24
. 14
“

.01

.1

.01

.1

.44
.25
.19
(* )

Employer exp e n d itu res f o r retirem ent
p r o g r a m s -------- ------- — - — - — - — ------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r ity ------------------------------------------------State retirem en t p lan s 2-------- ---------------------------

7.3
3.8
3.5

.38

6 .2

.36

.20

7.1
4.5

.22

. 18

2 .6

.33
.19
.14

4 .2

.26

.29
.18
. 10

6 .7
3.9

.15

7.1
3.7
3.4

.31

.21

.40
.19

6 .0

3.7
2 .6

9.0
4.1
4.9

.38

.20

.18

1 .8

.09

.35
.06
.27
.03

1 1.6

.66

5.5
1 .2

.31
.27
.04

4 .7
.4
4.2

4.8

.14
.50

5.8
5.1
.7

.19

2.5

.24
• 04
.17
.03

4 .4
4.1
.4

.23
_

T o ta l c o m p e n sa tio n ------------------- — - — ------

Employer expe n d itu res f o r l i f e
insurance and h e a lth b e n e fit plans ------ — — L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e alth insurance — -----Sick le a v e earned ------ - - - — - - - - — ----------------Workers' compensation - - - - — - - - — -----------—
Employer e x pen ditu res fo r unemployment
p r o g r a m s -----------— -------------------- -— -------— -----------Unemployment in su ra n c e — ------ -----------------------Severance pay - — ------------------- — — ----------------

100.0

6 .8
1 .2

5.1
.5

.1
.1

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction b on u ses 3----------

(* )

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g ro ss p a y ro lls 4------— ------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 4- - ------— -----

91.0
9.0




(* )
(* )
(* )
4.75
.47

8 .8
.2

.21

.01

~

3.8
.5
~

~
91.0
9.0

“
5.21
.52

-

.48
.22

.29
.07

6.7
3.5

7.7
3.6
4. 1

(* )

.37

-

2 .8

.20

7.1
2.3
4.2

.12
.22

.03

.6

.03

-

.3
.3

.01
.01

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

89.3
10.7

.21

1 .0
1 .0

1 0 0 . 0 $4.95

(* )
4.79
.58

89.1
10.9

4.63
.56

92.2
7.8

4.97
.42

.1

92.3
7.7

.01

.8

.17
<*)

3.4

3.69
.31

.6

91.9
8 .1

-

4.55
.40

1 0 0 . 0 $5.26

93.6
6.4

.21
.02

4.92
.34

South
A tla n tic
PerC om p en satio n

it e *n

cent
of
com pen­
sation

T otal

cu n pen sation

----------------------------------------------

Pay f o r
w o r k i n g t i m e -------------------------------------------------------S t r a ig h t .-t im e pay
----------------------------------------------------------P r e m i u m p a y -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v ertim e , h o lid a y ,
a n d w e e k e n d w o r k -----S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------------------------------------------------

North
D elaw are

Per­

Per­
Dol la r s
per
work
hour

cent
of
com pen­
sation

F lo rid a

D o lla rs
per
work
hour

cent

$5 .7 1

H o lid a y s
-------------------------------------- 4
------------------------------------------C iv ic
and p e r s o n a l
l e a v e ---------------------------------------E m ployer
S ocial

Slate
E m ployer

e x p en d itu re s

fo r

exp e n d itu re s

for

j hour

100.0

$ 4 .0 1

4.61

7 2 .7

3 .1 0

6 8 .4

4 .0 8

7 7 .7

3.70

7 5 .9

2 .62

7 8 .0

3.0 7

6 9 .8

2.79

7 9 .9

4.56

7 2 .7

3. 10

66 .4

3 .95

77 .6

3 .6 9

75 .8

2.61

7 6 .9

3 .02

.05

(*)

2.1

.12

.01

.2

.0 5

2.0

.12

1.2
1 .2

.0 5
.05

6 9 .3
.4

2.78

.9
.9

.4

.02

-

*

-

-

69 .5

3.85

6 0 .8

7 4 .6
. 7

3 . 37

68. 5

3.79

.03

1.1

.6

.03

1.0

.06
.06

(* >

*

-

-

.02

. 37

1 1 .9

.71

7.5

. 35

9 .0

.31

1 0 .3

.40

10 .7

.4 3

.36
,20

4.4

.25
.21

5 .8
2. 9

. 25

5.7

. 34

. 12

4.9
1.3

.29
.08

4 .6
2.4
.4

.22
.12
.02

5.6
3.3

. 19
. 11

5 .5
4 .8

.2 1
. 19

6.3
4.4

. 18

5.3
3.7

.24
.17

6. 4
3.6

.2

.01

(*)

.41

1 1 .3

.6 3

6.7

.38

. 1
5 .0

.18

3.8
7 .5

.21
.42

3.7

.22

3.1

.21
.18.

4.3

(*)

3.7
.1

u

-

5 .3
.4

.24

.36

4.2
.1

.02

.02

un em ploym ent
(*)

-

(*)
-

1.0

---------------------------------------------------------------------

(*)

(*)

1.0

b o n u s e s 3 ---------

(♦)

(*)

-

W ages and s a l a r i e s
(gro ss p a y ro ll)
------------------S u p p l e m e n t s t o w a g e s a n d s a l a r i e s 5 ----------------------

8 9 .9

p r o g r a m s ----------------------------------------------------------------- -----------------U n em p loym en t
i n s u r a n c e ------------------- ------- -----------------

n o n p ro d u ctio n




. 1

(*)
(*)

8 .7

S i c k l e a v e e a r n e d ----------------------------------------------------------W orkers*
com pensation
------------------------------------------------

in c lu d in g

(*)

.2

.47

.07

O th er,

(*)

(*)

8.2

.42

.45

pay

(*)

. 1
. 1

. 56

9.2

1.3
6.4
. 4

Severan ce

(*)

(*)

<♦>

-

-

(*)

(*)

-

-

.2 5
-

10 .4

.44

8 . 1

.48

11.2

.53

9 .4

.32

5.7

.22

3 .8

. 16
.28

3.9

.20

4.4

4.3

.23
.25

4.2

6 .6

7 .0

.3 3

4.9

. 15
. 17

4 .4
1.3

. 17
.05

7.0

. 17
.28

3 .4
-

.16
-

5.8
-

.20
-

6 .0

.2 4

8.3

.33

.7

.1 4

. 19

.21

.3

.02

5.6
.2

. 3
5.5

.01

3. 1

6.3
1.4

11.2
4. 3

.45

l i f e

b en e fit
h e a lth

fo r

j
(D o lla rs

sation

8.2

ex p e n d itu re s

cent

| of
j
per
jcompe n-j w o r k

$ 3 .9 3

.29

Em ployer

!

100.0

.03

and

D o lla rs
cent
D o lla rs cent
[D o lla rs cen t
D o lla rs
per
of
per
of
of
|
per
per
work
work
com pen­
com pen-j w o rk
com pen­ w ork
com pen­
js a t i o n
hour
hour
satio n
sa tio n j hour
satio n
hour
$ 3 .4 5

.7

h e a lth

cent
of

100.0

6 .4

and

acc id en t,

V irgin ia

J Per-

$ 4 .7 6

p l a n s ----------------in su ra n c e
---------

L ife ,

Per­

re tire m e n t

se c u rity
---------------- - - - ---------------------------------------re tiren en t
p la n s
----------------------------------------------

in su ra n c e

T

100.0

3 .4^

10.0

Per-

j

V irg in ia

$ 5 .9 6

9 .0

lay
fo r
Leave
(excep t s ic k
leave)
---------------------V acatio n s
e a r n e d -------------------------------------------------------------

D o lla rs

of
I
per
co m pen -J w o r k
sation | hour

P er­

C aro lin a

100.0

75. 3

<*)

Per­

West

South

C a ro lin a

$ 4 . 27

100.0

(*>

cent

T

M ary lan d

100.0

$ 5 .5 4

(*)

D o lla rs
per
work
hour

100.0

(*)

Per-

of
com pen­
satio n

$4 .5 2

100.0

G eo rgia

10. 1

-

11 .5

.68

.10
. 23

1.8
9.4

.11
.56

.01

.4

.02

.2

.01

(*)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.05
-

.3 5

2 .4
5.4

-

.05
-

8.2

.24

. 25
-

-

-

-

(♦)

-

-

(*)

4.06

87 .0

4.82

9 3 .1

5 .32

86.8

3.71

.46

1 3 .0

.72

6 .9

.3 9

13 .2

.56

8 9 .8

1 0 .2

-

-

-

.3

-

-

-

• -

*

-

-

*

.2

.01

-

-

-

5.35

8 8 .5

4.21

.61

1 1 .5

.01

-

(*)

-

.01

.5 5

9 0 .5
9.5

3 . 12

.3 3

9 3 .8

6 .2

-

~
-

.03
.25
.0 5

-

3.69
.24

-

-

-

86 .7

1 3.3

3.47
.53




East South
C e n tra l
Compensation item

Alabama

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

Kentucky

M is s is s ip p i

P er­
P er­
cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work
s a t io n
hour s a tio n
hour

Tennessee
P er­
D o lla r s
cent
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

T o ta l compensation ------ ----------------------------

100.0

$4.38

100.0

$4.35

100.0

$4.74

100.0

$4.23

100.0

$4.00

Pay f o r working time --------— ----- -— - - ------------ —
S tra ig h t-tim e pay --------------------------------- ---------Premium p a y ---- -— ---------------------- ------------ --------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend w o r k -------S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------------------- ----- — ------

77.0
76.9

3.38
3.37

3. 32
3.32

79.5
79.5

3.04
3.04
-

-

-

3.36
3.36
_
*

76.1
76.1

.01
.01

77.3
76.9
.4
.4
-

3.67
3.65

.1
.1

76.2
76.2
-

Pay f o r le a v e (except sic k leave) ------------------Vacations earned -------------------------------- -------------H olidays -----------------— — f — - - — ---------------------C iv ic and personal le a v e — -------- --------------------

8.7
4.7
3.7
.3

.42

9.0
4.6
3.8

.43

.16

9.7
5.0
4.6

.28
.17
. 10

8.3
4.9
3.4

.01

.1

.6

.18
.03

6 .7
4.0
2.4
.3

Employer expenditures f o r retirem ent
programs — ------------- -— --------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r i t y ---------- - ----------------------- -----------S tate retirem ent p l a n s ------ -------------- ----- ---------

8.9
4.0
4.9

.39
.18

.39
.18

.22

9.0
4. 1
4.8

9.1
3.8
5.3

.43
.18
.25

8.3
4.2
4.1

.35
.18
.17

9.0
4.1
4.9

Employer expen ditures fo r l i f e
insurance and health b e n e fit plans -------— - —
L i f e , accid e n t, and h ealth insurance - — - —
Sick le a v e earned --------------------- ----------------- -—
W orkers' compensation --------------------------------------

5.3
1.3
3.4

.23
.06
.15
.03

5.1

.22

4.6

.22

5.5

.26

.07
.13

.6

2.9

.17

1 .1

4.0
.5

2.4
4.2

.02

.03
.14
.05

.23
.04
. 17

6 .6

1 .6

3 .0
.5

Employer expen ditures fo r unemployment
programs — — ----------------- --------------------— ------- — - Unemployment insurance -----------------------------------Severance p a y ------------------- --------------------------------

-

.6

O ther, in c lu d in g non production bonuses3 ----------

-

Wages and s a la r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o ll)
Supplements to wages and s a la r ie s - - - - ------ - - -

89.1
10.9

.38
.21

*
3.90
.48

—
89.0
1 1.0

-

.22
.20

<*>

.21

3.88
.48

-

89.2
1 0.8

.02
.02

.22

4.23
.51

-

_
-

1 .0

-

_

_

-

-

.01

.33
.20

.13
.36
.16
.19

.10

.02

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

90.2
9.8

3.81
.41

8 8.6

11.4

-

3.54
.46




West South
C e n tra l
Compensation item

Arkansas

L o u isian a

P er­
Per­
P er­
cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla r s
of
per
of
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour s a t io n
hour s a t io n
hour

Oklahoma
P er­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

T o ta l compensation -------------— -----------------

100.0

$4.71

100.0

$3.56

100.0

$4.32

Pay f o r working t i m e ------ ----------------- ------ ---------S tr a ig a t-t im e p a y ------ - ----------------- ----- -----------Premium p a y ---------- --------------------------- — ----- — ----Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work -------S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ---- --------------- ------- — -----

76.6
76.0

3.60
3.58
.03
.03

78.3
78.3
-

2.79
2.79
-

76.6
75.9

3.31
3.28
.03
.03

74. 0
74. 0
_

3.47
3.47
_
-

Pay f o r le a v e (except sic k le a v e ) -------- — -----Vacations earned ------ ----- — ------ ----- -------— ----H olidays -----------------------------------------------------------C iv ic and person al l e a v e ---------- — -------* --------

8.4
5.0
3.3
. 1

.39
.23
.16
<*)

7.1
5.1

7.3
5.3
<*>

.31
.23
.08
<*>

9. 5
6.3
3. 2

<*)

.25
.18
.07
(* )

.44
.29
.1 5
-

Employer expen ditu res f o r retirem ent
p r o g r a m s ----------------- - ---------------- ---------------- ---------S o c ia l s e c u r ity ------------------- — - — ------------ ------S tate retirem en t p ia n s 2 ---------------------------- — - -

3.3
4.8

.38
.15

9.8
4.4
5.4

.35
.16
.19

6.9
6.9

.30
.30

6.9
4. 2
2.7

Employer e x pen ditu res f o r l i f e
insurance and h ealth b e n e fit p l a n s -----— ----L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h ealth insurance ---------Sick le a v e earned --------------------------------------------W orkers' compensation ------ — ---------------------------

7.0
1.7
4.6
.7

4.8
4.1
.7

.17
.15

9.1

.39

2 .6

.11

5.3

.02

1 .2

.23
.05

9. 6
2.4
5. 2
1. 9

Employer e x pen ditu res f o r unemployment
programs --------------------------------------------------------------Unemployment insurance - — -----------------------------Severance pay - — ---------------------------------- J — - —

<*)
(* )
“

.6
.6

-

8 .0

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses3 ----------

-

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g ro ss p a y r o ll ) * ----------------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 5 ---------- — -----

89.6
10.4

.2 2

.33
.08
.22

.03
<*>
(* )
4.22
.49

2 .0

89.5
10.5

3. 19
.38

.8
.8

1 0 0 . 0 $4.69

-

2 .0

89.2
10.8

3.86
.47

88. 7
11. 3

.32
.20

.13

Texas
P er­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hour
100.0

$5.11

76.8
76.1
.7
.7

3.92
3.88
.04
.04

8 .8

.45
.23

4.6
4.0
.2

.20
.01

8.3
4.0
4.3

.20
.22

.45

6 .2

.11

1.5
4.3
.4

.24
.09
4.16
.53

<*>
(♦ )
89.9
10.1

.42

.31
.08
.22
.02

(♦>
(♦ )
4.59
.52

Compensation item

Arizona
Per­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tion hour

T o ta l compensation -------------------------------

1 00.0

S5.73

Pay f o r working time
S tr a ig h t-t im e pay — -------------------------------- —
Premium p a y -------------- — ---------- -------------------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work —
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ------- — ------------------ -----

75.8
75.4
.4
.4
(* )

4.34
4.32

Pay f o r le a v e (e xc e p t sic k le a v e ) -------— —
Vacations earned -----— -----------------— -----------H olidays -------- ----- --------- - - - --------------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l le a v e 1— ---------------- — —

9.6
5.9
3.7
(* )

.55
.34

Employer e xp e n d itu res f o r retirem en t
p r o g r a m s -----------------------------------— ------- ----- -— S o c ia l s e c u r i t y ------------2----------------------------- S tate retirem en t p l a n s -------------------— - — -

7.9
2.9
5.0

.45
.17
.28

8.3
3.9
4 .4

6.5

.37
.06
.26
.06

6 .2

Employer e xp e n d itu res f o r l i f e
in suran ce and h e alth b e n e f it pla n s — —
L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e alth insurance —
Sick le a v e earned ---------------------------------------W orkers• compensation --------------------------------

1.0

4.5
1.1

.02
.02

<*>

.21

(* )

Nevada
P er­
cent D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sa tion hour

100.0

$7.19

100.0

$5.47

100.0

$5.84

100.0

$7.15

75.8
75.8
-

5.45
5.45
-

74.1
74.1
-

4.05
4.05
-

76.3
75.4
.9
.9
-

4.46
4.41
.05
.05

76.3
74.8
1.5
1.5
(* )

5.45
5.34

1 1.0

.79
.48
.31
-

8.9

6.7
4.3
-

.49
.33
.16
-

8.4
5.5

.49
.32
.17
-

9.2
5.9
3.3
-

.48
.23
.25

7.3
7.3

.53
.53

.36
* .. - 4.2
.24

5.9
4.7

10.1

6 .3
3.8
(* )

.02
.02

.58
.36
.2 2

(* )

6 .1

2.9
-

8 .1

.47
.25

6.4
1.4
4. 1
.9

.35
.08

6 .6
1.1

.2 2

4.4

.05

1.1

.6
.6

.03
.03
~

-

.6

-

-

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

.1

.01

-

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o l l ) 4 -----------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s * --------------

90.0

5.15
.57

89.7
10.3

5.21
.60

91.5
8.5

6.58
.61

-

3.8
4.3

4.4
5.7

.12

2 .0

.6

2 .8

.55
.24
.31

10.0

.42
.04
.34
.04

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses3- —




Montana
P er­
cent
D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

4.38
4.35

75.4
75.0
•4
* .4
-

(* )
(* )

10.0

Idaho
Per­
cent
D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

$5.80

100.0

Employer exp e n d itu res f o r unemployment
programs — ------------- -------------------------- ------ ------Unemployment in su ran ce -------------- — -----------Severance pay - - - - - - - — -----------------------------

(* )
(*>

Colorado
P er­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hour

87.1
12.9

4.76
.71

.22

.38
.06
.26
.06
-

lew Mexico

Otah

P er­
Per­
cent D o lla rs cent
of
per
of
compen­ work compen­
sation hour s a t io n

Vyoaing

tr <
o
282?
" " " S
______ ta
___

Hountain
P er­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
s a tio n hour

P er­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

1 0 0 . 0 $4.00

100.0

$5.39

100.0

$5.81

74.5
74.5
-

2.98
2.98
-

7 6.4
76.4

4.12
4.12

77.7
77.4
.4
.4

4.52
4.50

.65
.42
.24
-

10.0

.40
.23
.16
-

9 .2
5.2
4.0
-

8 .6

5.8
4.1
~

.50
.29

5.5
5 .5

.39
.39

7.4
3.7
3.7

.30
.15
.15

8 .0

.43

4.0
4 .0

.2 1
.22

8.3

.59
.13
.37
.09

8 .1
2 .0

.32
.08

6 .3
1.7
4 .2
.5

.34
.09

1 .8

5.2
1 .2

-

.1 1
.10

<*)

-

.6

.03

.8

.06

89.7
10.3

5.24
.60

91.4

6.53
.61

8 .6

5.0

.20

1 .1

.04

89.5
10.5

3.58
.42

-

-

-

.
-

-89.8
10.2

.50
.28
.22

-

.22
.02

4.84
.55

5.0
3.5
(* )

.02
.0 2

.2 1

(* )

8.7
4.4
4.3

.51
.25
.25

5.0
.7
4.0

.29
.04
.23

.2

.01

-

-

90.4
9.6

5.25
.56

P a c i f ic

Compensation item

Alaska

100.0

$6.69

Pay foe working t i m e ---------- ----- ------ -----------------S tr a ig h t-t im e p a y ---------— ------- — ----- ---------------Premium pay ------------------------ ------ ------------- O vertim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work -------S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------- --------— — -

75.8
75.0
.7

5.07
5.01
.05
.04

.1

.01

Pay fo r le a v e (ex cept s ic k le a v e ) — --------------Vacation s earned — -----------— - - — --------------------H o l i d a y s ----------------------------- ---------------- -— - —
C iv ic and p e rso n a l le a v e 1 -------- -------------------—

9.8
5.9
3.0

.65
.39

.8

T o t a l c o m p e n sa tio n -----------------— - - - - - - —

Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r retirem ent
p r o g r a m s ---------- -------- ------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r ity
— — — — ----s t a t e retirem en t pla n s1 — - - - - - — — — — -----2Employer ex p e n d itu res f o r l i f e
in su ra n c e and h e alth b e n e f it plans ---------------L i f e , a c cid e n t, and h e a lth insurance — ----Sick le a v e earned -------------------------------------------Workers* compensation ------------------- ----------------Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r unemployment
programs ------------ --------------------------------------------------Unemployment insurance — - - - - — ---- --------------Severance p a y -------— --------------— — — - — --------

.8

1 0 0 . 0 $9.84

2 .6

2.5
. 1

Hawaii

.01

$6.48

100.0

$7.09

100.0

$5.97

100.0

$6.98

4.90
4.88

70.5
69.3
1.1
1. 1

78.4
76.7
1.7
1.7
-

4.68
4.58

.02

5.00
4.92
.08
.08

77.4
• 76.1
1.3

5.41
5.32
.09
.09
(* )

.75
.46
.29
“

7.7
5.2
2.5
<*)

.46
.31
.15
(* )

.71
.23
.48

7.6
3.6
4.0

.45
. 22.
.24

.59
.07
.46
.06

6 .1

6.5
.9

.36
.25

.4
.4
“

.0 3
.03
“

.2
.2

.1
.2

8.4
2.5
5.9

.56
.17
.39

13.1
3.9
9.3

1.29
.38
.91

6.5

5.9

.40
.07
.28
.04

.58

6 .0

1.1

.11

4.3
.4

.43
.04

1.4
4.2
.5

1 .1

4.3
.6

.1
.1

.01
.01

*
(*)
89.8
10.2

5.9

-

<*)

-

6 .0 1
.68

85.3
14.7

Includes military leave.
2 Includes State government contributions to retirement funds, and
payments directly to pensioners under pay-as-you-go pension systems.
3 Other includes lump-sum payments for merit awards, longevity,
awards for suggestions, and other incentive payments and bonuses.
4 Wages and salaries include all direct payments to workers normally
shown on IRS W -2 forms and consist of pay for working time; pay for
vacations, holidays, sick leave, and civic and personal leave, severance
pay, and other compensation (including nonproduction bonuses).

*
8.39
1.44

Washington

75.6
75.3
.3

.06

6 .1

Oregon

P er­
P e r­
cent
D o lla rs cent D o lla r s
per
of
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour sa tio n hour

100.0

6 .0
2 .8
1 .0

.20

9.3

7.05
6.80
.25
.25

3.2
“

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o ll ) 4------------ ----Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 5-------------------




71.7
69.1

.91
.60
.32
-

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses 3 ----------

1

C a l if o r n ia

P e r­
Per­
Per­
Per­
cent
D o lla rs cent D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs
D o lla rs cent
of
of
per
of
of
per
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour s a tio n hour sa tio n
hour
hour sa tio n

9.8

8.5
2 .0

~
<*)
89.6
10.4

(* )
.01

“

.64
.39
. 18
.06

10.6

.55
.13
.42

10 . 1

.39
.09
.27
.03
<*)
5.81
.67

6.5
4. 1

3.3
6 .8

8.4
1 .0

87.7
12.3

6 .2 1
.8 8

4.2
1.9

.10
.10

-

1 .2

(* )
10.8

5.7
3.9
1 .2
6 .1

2.7
3.4
5.3
.8

.11

4.1
.4

.01
.01

.4
.4

90.3
9.7

5.39
.58

92.3
7.7

.76
.40
.28
.08
.42
.19
.24
.37
.06
.29
.03
.03
.03
*
6.45
.53

5
Supplements to wages and salaries .include all employer expendi­
tures for compensation other than wages and salaries and consist of ex­
penditures for retirement programs (including direct pay to pensioners
under pay-as-you-go pension system), and outlays for life i n s u r a n c e,
health benefit programs (except sick leave), and unemployment insurance.
NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal
totals. Asterisk (* ) indicates less than . 05 percent or $0. 005.

New E n g l a n d
States
Per­
C om p en satio n

cent
of

item

D o lla rs

compen­
sation

Per­

H am p sh ire

Rhode

Isla n d

Verm ont
Per­

P er­

D o lla rs
D o lla rs cent
D o lla r s cent
cent
cent
D o lla rs cent
cent
D o lla rs
D o lla rs
of
of
per
of
per
of
per
of
per
of
per
per
work
com pen­
work
com pen­ w ork
com pen­ j work
com pen­ work
work
compen­
com pen­
sation
hour
sation
hour
satio n
hour
sation
sa tio n | hour
hour
satio n
hour
$ 4 .0 4

100.0

$ 4 .7 0

7 9 .4

3 .7 3

75 .9

3 . 39

79. 1

5.22
3.20

74 .8

3.50

73 .1

3 . 27

.02
.02

4 .9

. 23

.02

.6
.6

.20

.8

.04

~

-

4 .2
. ?

2. 8
2.0

.0 3

.7

$ u .9 1

100.0

$ 6 .2 3

100.0

$ 4 .1 0

100.0

$ 4 . 65

3.77

7 2 .7

4 .5 3

7 6 .7

3.14

78 .4

3 .6 4

79 .7

3.70
.07
.04

71 .7

4 . 47

76 .1

3.12

77 .2

1.5
.9

1.0

1.2

3.5 S
.06

. 4

.03

.5
.5

. 06
.03

. 6
8.5

.6
.6

.03

.02
.02
-

100.0

100.

C $ 4 .4 7

. 13
. 09
.0 3

.59

8.4

.34

8.4

. 39

9.0

.36

6.9

.32

9.1

.41

5. 2
3.6

5.2
3.1

.23

5 .2

.21

4 .6

.21

3.8

. 15

2.3

. 11

4 .8
4. 3

. 21
.19

. 6

*

5.1
3.2
. 1

. 15

.01

. 32
.23
. 04

.21

. 16

.2

Employer e x p e n d i t u r e s f o r unemployment
i
programs ----------------------------------------------------- !
Unemployment in surance --------------------------- i
Se verance pay ------------------------------------------ I

9.4

. 25

3. 3

j
;

.42

5. C

Employer e x p e n d i t u r e s f o r L i f e
in su ra nc e and h e a l tn b e n e f i t plans --------L i f e , a c c i d e n t , and h eal th insurance ---Sick l e a v e earned -----------------------------------workers* c o m p e n s a t i o n -----------------------------




New

Per­

76. 4

Pay f o r l e a v e ( ex ce p t s i c k le a v e ) -----------Va ca ti on s earned ------------------------------------Ho lid a ys -----------------------1
--------------------------C i v i c and pe rs on al l e a v e ------------------------

i n c l u d i n g non production bonuses3 ----

hour

M assachusetts

76. 9

T o t a l con pensat L o n ---------------------------

Othe r,

per
w ork

M aine

Per­

10 0 . 0

Pay t o r working time ---------------------------------S t r a i g n t - t i m e pay -----------------------------------Premium pay ------------------- - -----------------------Ov er ti m e, h o l i d a y , and weekend work - S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------------

Employer ex p e n d i t u r e s f o r r e ti r e m e n t
programs ----------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r i t y --------- ----------------------------S ta t e r e t . i r e n e a t pla ns '1---------------------------

C on n ecticu t

Per­

“

(*)

4

.31

8.2

.51

.23
-

.30

9.2

.41

.21

5.0
-

6.5

3.3
4. 9

.39
-

.22

.07
. 20

9.5
-

5.3

1.4

3.3

.1 5

.30

.39

5.0

.23

2.1

. 13
.08

3.3

9.5

3.2

.1 5

3.8
5.4

. 24

.29

6.

5. 0

■

.13

(*)

~

(*)

“

*

.17

7. 7

. 3S

8.0

.50

6.4

.22

0.2

. 38

6.0

. 24

6 .3

2.

. 11
.2 5

2. 5
5 .2

.15
.3 2

.0 3
.18

2.5
5. 1

. 12
.24

.4

.09

.9

.04

6.2

.02

.3

.01

. 5

.02

.4

4 .8
-

.21

. 3

4. 4
-

.21

.02

.02
.21
.01

1.8

9.4

.01
.01

. 3

.02
.02

-

2

5.C
. 4

. 2

.2

.3

.8

-

<*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

.9

.0 4

(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

.9

.04

.4

.02

1.4

.09

90. d

4 .46

8 8 .7

5 . 52

b 9 .4

3.67

9 1 .9

4 .2 7

9 3 .9

3.79

9 0 .8

4 .26

1 1 .3

.70

10.6

.43

8.1

.38

6.1

.25

9 .2

.4 3

9. 2

. 95

-

-

-

-

5.6

.2
.2
89 .8

10.2

.25

-

.01
. 01

4.01
.46

West North
C en tral
Compensation item

Iowa

100.0

$4.38

100.0

$3.99

100.0

$3.71

100.0

$3. 31

100.0

$3.02

3.32
3.31

79.5
79.4

.01
.01

.01
.01

.1
.1

80.1
79.8
.3

78.0
78.0

.2
.2

2.58
2.58
-

-

(* )

3.17
3.17
(* )
<*)
(♦ )

2.97
2.96

1 .2
.1
1 .2

76.0
75.7
.3
.3
-

79.1
79.1
~

2.39
2.39
“

.36
.23
.13
(* )

6.8

.31

7.8
5.0
2.7
1*)

.34

9.4

9.4
5.0
4.4

~

9.1
5.4
3.7
“

8 .8

6 .8
2 .6

.41
.30

.36

.22
.12

.28
.15
.13

5.6
3.1
2.5

.26
.14

5.2

.27
.04
• 22

.2

.01

10.9
1.4
9.4
(* )

.50
.06
.44
(* )

.01
.01
.01




South Dakota

3.44
3.43

76.8
75.5

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bon u ses*----------

North Dakota

$4.41

3.23
3.21

Employer e x pen ditu res f o r unemployment
programs ------------------ ------- ----- — ----------------------------Unemployment in su ra n c e ----------------------- ----- ------Severance pay — ------ ------- ------- ----- — ------------- —

Nebraska

77.8
77.7

$4. 14

78.0
77.7
.4

Employer e xp e n d itu res f o r l i f e
insurance and h e a lth b e n e f it pla n s ------------—
L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e a lth in suran ce — — —
Sick le a v e e a r n e d -------------- -— ----------------------Workers* compensation --------------------------------------

M isso uri

P er­
Per­
Per­
P e r­
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent
cent
D o lla r s
of
of
of
per
of
per
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
hour sa tio n
sa tio n
hour sa tio n
hour s a t io n
hour

100.0

100.0

Employer e x pen ditu res f o r retirem en t
programs ---------------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r ity — ---------------------------------------------S tate retirem en t p la n s 2 -------------------- -— — — —

Minnesota

3.56
3.50
.06
<♦)
.05

1 0 0 . 0 $4.64

T o ta l compensation - - - - -------------- ------ -----Pay f o r working t i m e ---------- — - - — ------------------ —
S tr a ig h t-t im e pay -------- ----- ----------— - - — — ----Premium pay - - - - - — ---------------- ------- -— . . . . . . —
Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work -------S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l
Pay fo r le a v e (except s ic k l e a v e ) ------------------V acation s earned ----------------------------------------------H olid ays --------------------------------------------------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l le a v e 1 ---------------------------------

Kansas

P er­
P e r­
Per­
Per­
D o lla rs cent
cent
D o lla rs cent D olla rs cent
D o lla rs
of
of
of
of
per
per
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
hour
sa tio n
hour s a t io n
hour s a t io n
hour sation

.2
.2
8 .6

5.5
3.1
(* )
6 .8

3.7
3.0
6 .6
1 .1

<*>
(* )
<*)
91.9
8 .1

4.5

.21

2.2

. 10
(* )

(* )

.12

(♦ )

-

-

(*)

•

-

(* )

93.0
7.0

4* 31
.33

“

9.0
4.1
4.9

.40
.18
• 21

7.6
4.2
3 .5

.33
.18
.15

5.8
3.2
2.5

5.3
1.4
3.7

.23
.06
.16

.30

5.6

.11

-

.2

.01

6 .9
2.5
4.3
<*)

.19
(* )

5.1
.5

-

-

_

3.80
.34

(* )

.11

_
1*)

89.3
10.7

(* )
3.94
.47

.1
.1

89.7
10.3

.22

.15
“
.23
.13
.10

.22
-

.20
.02

.1

.3

.01

<*>
.01

-

-

.35
.18
.16
“

9.1
5.2
3.8
.1

.30
.17
.13
(* )

6 .0

.2 2

4.4
1.7

.16
.06

7.3
4.6
2.7

.24
.15
.09

7.1
4.6
2.4

5.6

• 18
.03
.13

.15
.14

.02

5.0
* 4.5
.5

3.01
• 29

92.4
7 .6

2.79
.23

4.4
-

.16
-

1 .0

4.4
<♦)

.16
(* )

3.9

93.9

3.48

6 .1

.22

91.1
8.9

.6

5.3
3.5

.26
.16
.10

~
.21

.14
.07

.0 2

<*>
(* )
3.92
.45

93.7
6.3

3.74
• 25




East North
C e n tra l
P er­
D o lla rs
cent
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

Compensation item

Illin o is

Indiana

Michigan

P er­
Per­
P er­
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs
cent
of
of
per
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
hour sa tio n
hour s a t io n hour
s a t io n

Ohio

Wisconsin

Per­
P er­
cent D o lla rs cent D o lla r s
of
of
per
per
compen­ * o rk
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour s a t io n
hour

T o ta l compensation ------------------------------------

100.0

$5.09

100.0

$5.37

100.0

$4.22

100.0

$6.35

100.0

$4.24

100.0

$5.22

Pay f o r working t i m e ---------- ----------------- ---------—
S tr a ig h t-t im e pay --------------------------------------------Premium p a y -------- --------------- ------ ---------------------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work — —
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------------------------------------

74.2
73.0

3.78
3.72
.06
.04

76.7
75.7
1 .0
.6

4.12
4.07
.05
.03

76.8
76.8
(* )
(* )

72.8
71.4
1.4

3.75
3.73
.03

.2

.02

.9

.1

3.18
3.12
.06
.06
(*>

71.9
71.4
.5

.02

4.62
4.53
.09
.04
.05

75.0
73.6
1.5
1.3

.4

3.24
3.24
(* )
<*>

.3

.01
.02

Pay f o r le a v e (except sic k le a v e ) — — - — ------V acation s earned ----------------------------------------------H o l i d a y s -------------- ------------ y — — ----- ---------- — —
C iv ic and pe rso n a l l e a v e ----------------— ------------

7.8
4.9
2.9
<*)

.40
.25
.15
(♦ )

9.7

.52
.32
.18

9.1
4.6
4.4

.12

.1

.48
.33
.15
”

.30
.18

.01

7.6
5.2
2.4
-

2 .8

.2

.38
.19
.19
(♦>

7.1
4.3

3.4

7.8
5.1
2.7
<*)

.41
.27
.14
(* )

Employer expen ditu res fo r retirem ent
programs --------------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r ity ---------- - -----------------------------------S ta te retirem en t p l a n s ------------------------------------

8 .8
2 .6
6 .1

.45
.13
.31

8.4
3.9
4.4

• 45

8.5
4.4
4.1

.36
.19
.17

8.7
3 .6
5.1

.55
.23
.32

8.3
8.3

.35
.35

1 1.6

.61
.18
.43

8.5

.43
.14
.25
.04

5 .2

.28
.04
.23
(♦>

5.6 r
1.3
4.1

.24
.05
.17

.41

.01

.59
.24
.31
.04

9.6
2.5
5.9

.2

9 .3
3.7
4 .8
.7

7.9
3.4
4.1
.5

•8

.05

.2
.6

.01

-

Employer ex pen ditu res fo r l i f e
in su ran ce and h ealth b e n e fit p l a n s ------------L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e alth insurance ---------Sick le a v e e a r n e d --------------------------------- — ------Workers 1 c om pen sation -------- --------------- -----------Employer expen ditu res fo r unemployment
p r o g r a m s ------------------- — — - — ----- — --------------------Unemployment in s u r a n c e ---------- ------------- ---------Severance p a y ---------- -----------— - — — — ------------

1 .2

.7
.4

2 .8

5.0
.7
.4
.1
.2

.02
.01
.01

—

.4

.02

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g ro s s p a y r o l l ) * ----------------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s * ------ — ---------

87.6
12.4

4.46
.63

O ther,

in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses^-—

6 .0

.8

4.4
.1

<*>
(* )

.21

.24

<♦>
<*)

-

-

90.8
9.2

4.88
.50

<*)
90.0
10.0

(* )
3.80
.42

.6

<*)

1 .1

.04

.9

.0 6

(* )

86.7
13.3

5.50
.85

88.0
12.0

<*)

.11

.25
.05
<*>
3.74
.51

3.4
8 .2

.3
.3
-

.41
.17
.21

.03
.01
.01

-

•4

.0 2

84.3
15.7

4.40
.82




Middle
A t la n t ic
Compensation item

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
s a t io n
hour

M
ew Jersey

Mew York

Pennsylvania

Per­
P er­
Per­
D o lla r s
cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent
per
of
of
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
hour
hour sa tio n
sa tio n hour sa tio n

T o ta l compensation ------------------------------

100.0

S6.17

1 00.0

$6.53

100.0

$6.77

100.0

$5.01

Pay f o r working time ------------------------------------S tr a ig h t-t im e pay ---------------------------- ---------Premium pay -------------------------------------------------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work —
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------— — ------- —

69.5

4.29
4.24
.04

73.7
72.2
1.5

4.82
4.72

66.0

75.7
75.5

3.79
3.78

.10

.8

4.47
4.41
.05

.0 2
.02

1 .1

.07
.03

.3
.5

.03

Pay f o r le a v e (except sic k le a v e ) — -------V acation s e a r n e d ----------------------------------------H olid ays -------------------------------------------------------C iv ic and p erson al le a v e 1 --------------- ------ - -

9.4
5.3
3.4

.58
.33

9.7
5.0
4.0

.6

.04

.8

.63
.33
.26
.05

9.6
5.5
3.2
.9

.65
.37

.21

13.6
3.4

• 84

.58
.26
.32

16.6
3.1
13.5

8 .8

• 44

.21

.63

8.9
4.0
4.8

1.13

10.2

.92

3.9
4.9

• 25

7.0

.43
.13
.28

7.5
2.7
4 .7

7.2

.0 2

.1

.49
.17
.31
l*>

.49
.18
.28
.03

6.4
•9
5.2
•3

.32
• 05
.26
• 01

.02
.02

<*)
1* )
“

.04
.04
”

“
•

Employer expen ditures fo r retirem ent
programs - — ------ -------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r i t y ----------------— — ----- ----------—
S tate retirem en t p la n s 2----------------- ------ -—
Employer expen ditu res fo r l i f e
in su ran ce and h ealth b e n e fit plans — — —
L i f e , a c cid e n t, and h e alth insurance ----Sick le a v e earned — — — — — — — —
Workers' com pen sation ---------- — — — — —
Employer expenditures fo r unemployment
programs — —
—
— — — — — — —
Unemployment insurance —
—
— — —
Severance pay ---------------------- ------ - - - - - - - - -

6 8 .8

.7
.4
.3

2 .2

4.5
.3
.4
.4
“

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses**-**

•1

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g ro ss p a y r o l l ! * -----------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s ’ — — • *

83.5
16.5

.21

•

.4

(*>
<*>
■

65.2

2 .6

4.1
.4
•6
.6

■

.2

.01

(* )

5.15

88.4

79.8

1 .0 2

11.6

5.77
.76

(*>

2 0.2

.02

.21

• 06

<•)
5.40
1.37

.2
.2

.0 1
.01

9.0
5.2
3.8
”

89.9
10.1

.45
.26
.19
”

.20

“
4.51
• 50

South
A t la n tic
Compensation item

Delaware

P er­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

Per­
D o lla rs
cent
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hour

F lo r id a
P e r­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
s a t io n hour

G eorgia
Per­
cent
D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

Baryland

Horth
C a ro lin a

South
C a ro lin a

V irg in ia

P er­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

Per­
cent D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
s a t io n hour

Per­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hour

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
s a tio n
hour

west
V i r g i n ia
Per­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

T o ta l compensation -----------------------------

100.0

$4.10

100.0

$4.30

100.0

$3.93

100.0

$4.10

100.0

$5.75

100.0

$4.10

100.0

$3.49

1 00.0

$3.60

1 00.0

$3.45

Pay f o r working tim e -----------------------------------S t r a ig a t -t im e pay — — ------------ ----- -----------Premium pay -------------------------------------------------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work"*
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------------------------------

74.9
74.0

71.3
70.7

3.06
3.04

72.4
72.2

2.96
2.96

69.0
67.4

2.83
2.81

72.3
72.2

.01

.3
.5

.01
.02

.01

.1
.1

.3

.04

2.50
2.49
<*)
<*>

1 .1

.2
1.1

.02
.0 2

-

1 .2
.1
1 .0

.6
.6

-

.1
.1
.1

76.9
75.6
1.3

78.7
78.1

.02
.0 1
.01

3.13
3.08
.05
<*)
.04

2 .6 8

.02
.0 2

3.97
3.88
.09
.03
.06

76.2
75.1

.6
.6

79.0
78.6
.4

3.11
3.09

.8

3.07
3.04
.03

<*>

Pay f o r le a v e (e xc e pt sick le a v e ) -----------V acation s earned ---------------------------------------H o l i d a y s ---------- ------------------------------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l le a v e 1 -------------------------

9.7
5.6
3.8
.3

.40
.23
.15

.42
.26
.16
-

8 .8

.35

10.4
5.1
4.4
.9

.60
.29
.25
.05

.35

10.6

.21

4.1
“

.15
~

6.3
4.3

.2

.2 2
.12
.01

10.0
6 .0

.36

5.3
3.0

9.9
5.8
4 .2
-

.35

.20
.12
.02

.42
.27
. 15
(* )

8 .6

5.2
3.2
.5

1 0.2
6 .6

Employer e xp e n d itu res f o r retirem en t
prog rams
S o c ia l s e c u r ity - - - - - - — --------------------------St at e retirem en t p la n s 2 ------------------------- —

8.3
4.0
4.3

.34
.16
. 18

11.6

.50
.17
.32

7.8
4.4
3.3

.30
.17
.13

6 .2

.40
.15
.25

7 .7
4.4
3.4

.45
.25
.19

11.4
4.1
7.3

.47
.17
.30

7.5
3.2
4.3

Employer e xp e n d itu res f o r l i f e
insurance and h e alth b e n e fit pla n s -------L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e alth in su ra n c e —
Sick le a v e earned ------------------------- — ----- —
W orkers' compensation
--------

7.0

.29
.03
.25

7.4
1. 1

.17

7 .6
2 .2

.31
.09

4.3

.17

.73
.13
.58

3 .5

.14

5.7
5.6

.01

.3

.01

.2

.01

5.4
(* )

12.8
2 .2
10.2

.15

-

6 .0

.32
.05
.26

4.4

.8
6 .0
.2

.4

.02

.1

.01

.01

9.7
6 .1

3.6
~

4.1
7.5

.1

-

3.6
<*)
9.8
3.7

<*)
(* )

.22

(* )

1 .6

.5

3.6
-

-

2.63
.05

.20

.14

• 26
.11

5.0
3.8

. 15

1 .2

.20

6.3

.1

.19
<*>

.1
6 .1
.1

92.4
7.6

3.22
.26

94.8
5 .2

<*>

.37
.22

.1

.15
<*>

.18
.14
.04

9.6
4.0
5.6

.33
.14
.19

.23
<*)

7.4
.9

.26
.03

.22

6 .2

.21
.01

<*)

.3

Employer e x pen ditu res f o r unemployment
Unemployment in su ra n c e - — ---------------------Severance p a y ----------------------------- --------------O ther,

in c lu d in g nonproduction bo n u se s-—




(* )
90.6
9.4

(* )
3.72
.38

:
87.1
12.9

-

3.74
.56

: :
92.1
7.9

3.62
.31

«.

88.0
1 2.0

(♦)
3.60
.49

89.6
10.4

<*)
5.15
.60

.1

88.4
11.6

.01

3.63
• 47

3.41
.19

89.2
10.8

3.08
.38




East South
C e n tra l
Compensation item

T o ta l compensation -----------------------------------

1 00.0

$3.49

Pay fo e working t i m e ---------- -— - — - — - — ---------S tr a ig h t-t im e pay ------------ ------------------------------Premium pay -------------------------------------------------------O vertim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work — —
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l — — — — — — — —

77.1
76.6
.5

2.69
2.67

Pay fo r le a v e (except sic k le a v e ) ------------------Vacation s e a r n e d -------------— ----- — — — — — .
H o l i d a y s -------------- --------------------------------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l leave -------------------------------Employer e xpen ditu res fo r retirem ent
programs --------------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r i t y ---------- -— - — --------- — ----- — - - S tate retirem en t plans 2 ------------------------------- -Employer ex pen ditu res fo r l i f e
insurance and h e alth b e n e fit p l a n s ---------- ----L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h ealth insurance ---------Sick le a v e e a r n e d ------ — — — ------------ — — ----W orkers' com p e n sa tio n -----— — ----- -— — — —

.1

M is s is s ip p i

.0 2

(* )

100.0

$3.83

100.0

$2.70

100.0

$3.18

3.17
3.15

76.2
74.7

2.92

1 .6

2 .1 2
2 .1 1
.01

77.0
76.9

.01

78.6
78.2
.3

2.45
2.45
(* )
(* )

77.3
76.9
.4
.1

(* )

(* )

2 .8 6

.06
(* )
.06

.3

.01

1 .6

8 .8

8 .8

.36

5.1
3.6
<*)

.31
.18
.13
(* )

4.8
3.9
.1

. 16
(* )

9.0
5.3
3.7
-

.14
-

7.9
4.0
3.9

.28
.14
.14

6 .9
3.9
3.1

.28
.16
.13

9.5
4.0
5.5

.21

6 .2

.2 2

6.9

.28

1.7
4.4
.1

.06
.15
<*)

2 .6

.11

4. 3
-

. 18
-

5.2
.7
4.1
.5

.1
.1

.01
.01

-

-

.1
.1

90.3
9.7

(* )
(* )
3.15
.34

Tennessee
P er­
cent D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

1 0 0 . 0 $4.10

.02

O ther,

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g ro ss p a y r o l l '4— — — ----Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s * ------------------

Kentucky

.5

Employer expen ditu res fo r unemployment
p r o g r a m s -------------------------------------- ----- ---------- -------Unemployment insurance — - - - - - - - - — --------Severance p a y ------ ------------ ------------—
------ —
in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses 3 ----------

Alabama

Per­
P e r­
Per­
P er­
D o lla rs cent D o lla rs cent D o lla rs
cent
D o lla rs cent
per
of
of
of
of
per
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
s a t io n
hour s a t io n hour s a t io n
hour sa tio n hour

90.4
9.6

.20

.34
.20

.36
.15

.1

.3

.01

-

7.9
5.1

.21

. 14
.07
(* )

8.9
5.4
3.5
-

.22
.11
*11

7.7
4.0
3.7

.14
(* )
.14
(* )

6.5

.21

2 .0

.06
.14
-

2 .8

(* )
8 .2

4.2
3.9

.20
.02

5.3

.16

5.1

.02

.1

-

-

. 1

-

-

.1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.71
.39

89.4
10.6

3.42
.41

(* )

.1
.1

.2

91.5
8 .5

4.5
-

.28
.17
.11

.24
.13
.12

<*)
(* )

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.47
.23

90.3
9.7

2.87
.31




West South
C e n tra l
Compensation item

T otal compensation — - — ------ ------------— - Pay f o r working time — - — -------- — - — ------------ —
S tra ig h t-tim e pay --------------------------------------------Premium p a y ------------------------------------------------------Overtime, h o lid a y , and weekend work - — - S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------------- — —

P er­
D o lla rs
cent
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

100.0

$3.43

100.0

$3.68

100.0

$3.46

100.0

$3.62

2.82
2.81

76.6
76.0

2.63
2.61

80.0
79.3

2.94
2.92

75.1
75.1

.6
.6

.02
.02

.6

.02
.01
.01

.1

78.0
77.5
.4

2.83
2.81

.02
.01
.01

2.60
2.60
(* )
<*)
(* )

.29
.17

9.2
5.9
3.1

.29
.19
. 10
<*)

8.5
4.2
4.1

.2

.3
8 .1

7.2
2.3
4.9
6.5

in clud in g nonproduction b o n u se s3 - — - -

Wages and s a la r i e s (g ro ss p a y r o ll ) 4 ----------------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 5— - - - - - -

Texas

$3.61

Employer expenditures fo r retirem ent
programs --------------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l se c u rity -----------------------------------------------S tate retirem ent p la n s 2 ----------------------------------

O ther,

Oklahoma

78.2
77.8
.5

a. 7
3.2
. 1

Employer expenditures fo r unemployment
p r o g r a m s ----------------------------------------- -— - — ---------Unemployment insurance —
Severance pay - — - - - - - - - - - - - - - — - — ----------

L o u isian a

100.0

Pay fo r leave (except sic k leav e) ------------------Vacations earned ---------------------------- --------H o l id a y s ---------- -— — — — ------------- -------- ------C iv ic and person al leave 4 ---- --------------------------

Employer expenditures fo r l i f e
insurance and health b e n e fit plans - - — -------L i f e , a cciden t, and health insurance — - - - Sick leave earned — — --------------------------- -------Workers' compensation --------- — — - — - — ---------

Arkansas

P er­
P er­
Per­
Per­
cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent D o lla rs
of
per
of
of
of
per
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour s a t io n
hour sa tio n hour sa tio n
hour

1.6

tt. 6
.3
1* )

(* )
90.9
9.1

.32

.3
.4
7.2
4.8
2.3

.2

.20
.10
.01

.26
.08
.18

9.2
4.4
4.8

.32
. 15
.17

5.8
5.8

.23
.06
.16

5.0

.12

(* )

.01

(♦ )
(* )
~
3.28
.33

.1

.17

7.0

.2

.01

1 .8

4.3
.5

.15

4.8
.4

**
90. 1
9.9

.02

“
3.09
.34

“
~
92.0
8.0

.26
.18
.09
(* )

<*)
{* )
8.4
5.6
2 .8
.1

.2

.3

.1

.21

8 .2

-

4.4
3.7

.28
.15
. 13

7.7
3.2
4.5

8.3
2.5
4.8
.9

.2 9
.09
.17
.03

5.8
1.4
4.4

-

(*>
(* )

.21

.26
.07
.18
.01

3.39
.29

~
88.4
1 1.6

3.06
.40

.1

90.8
9.2

.02
.01
.01

.31
.15
.15
<*)
.28
.12

.16
.21

.05
.16
(*>
(* )
(* )
3.29
.33

Mountain

Compensation item

Arizona

P er­
Per­
D olla rs
cent
D olla rs cent
per
of
per
of
compen­ work compen­ work
hour
sa tio n
hour sa tio n

Idaho

Colorado

Montana

Nevada

New Mexico

P er­
P er­
Per­
P e r­
Per­
D o lla rs cent D o lla rs
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent
cent
D o lla rs cent
of
per
of
per
of
per
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
hour s a tio n
hour sa tio n hour sa tio n hour
sa tio n hour sa tio n

Wyoming

Utah

P er­
P er­
cent D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs
per
per
of
of
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour s a tio n
hour

T o ta l compensation ---------- — --------------

100.0

$4.52

100.0

$4.91

100.0

$5.23

100.0

$3.40

100.0

$3.82

1 00.0

$4.92

100.0

$3.72

100.0

$4.80

100.0

$3.18

Pay fo e working time ------------------------------------S tr a ig h t-t im e pay - - - - - - - - - - - - - - — -------Premium pay — ---------------------------------------------Overtim e, h oLiday, and weekend work S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------------------------------

78.2
77.8
.4
.3

3.53
3.52

76.1
75.9

3.74
3.73

78.7
78.5

4.11
4.10

2.55
2.53

78.5
76.3

.01

.1
.1

.01
.01

.01
.01

2.1
2 .1

76.8
73.7
3.1
1.3

.1
.1

.01

-

-

78.6
78.6
~

3.78
3.78
-

79.0
79.0
“

2.51
2.51
-

.01

3.78
3.63
.15
.06
.09

2.92
2.92

.2
. 1
.1

3.00
2.92
.08
.08
-

78.5
78.3

.02
.01

74.9
74.5
.4
.4
-

.49
.27

9.2
5.4
3.7

8.4
5.5
2.9
-

.29
.19
. 10
-

6.5
4.8

.46
.30
.15
-

9.3
5.6
3.6
~

9 .0
5.2
3.6

.20
.11

.1

.43
.25
.17
(* )

6 .2

3.1
-

~

.08
”

9 .5
4.1
5.4

.32
.1 4
.18

8 .2

.31
.16
.16

5. 5
5.5

.27
.27

2 .8

.2 2
.11
.10

6 .9
2.9
4.0

.33
.14
.19

8.4
4.0
4.3

.27
.13
.14

6. 8
2.3
3 .8

.23
.08
.13
.03

6 .8

.26
.05
.15
.06

8.4

.41

5.8

.21

1 .0

.27
• 05

6.5

.10

1 .0

.03

5.2

.25
• 06

4.5
.3

• 21
.04
.17

5.6

2 .0

.22

.01

.1

(* )

3.6
1.9

.06

• 01
.01

"

"
~

• 02
• 02

(* )
(♦ )

(* )
(♦ )
-

~

-

-

Pay f o r le a v e (except s ic k le a v e ) — - - - - Vacations earned -----— ------------------------------H olidays - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - C iv ic and p erson al le a v e 1 ------------------------Employer exp e n d itu res f o r retirem en t
programs -------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r ity — ----------------- — — - — ------S tate retirem en t p lan s 2---------- — ----- ----- —
Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r l i f e
insurance and h e alth b e n e fit pla n s -------L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e alth insurance - Sick le a v e earned - — — ------------ — -------- —
W orkers• compensation — —
Employer exp e n d itu res f o r unemployment
programs ------ ---------- ----- ------------------ -----------—
Unemployment insurance — — — — — — — —
Severance pay — —
— — — — — — -----O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses 9 —
Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o l l ) 4 ---------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s * — — * "




.1
8 .8

5.3
3.5
.1

6 .8

1.9
4.8
6 .1
.8

(♦)

9.9
5.5
4.3

.31
.09

8 .6

.42

6 .0

4.1
4.5

.20
.22

6 .0

.31
.31

5.3
4.4
.9

.26
-

6 .1

.32

.5
5.1
.5

.02

.22

.27
.04
.21

.6

.03

.2

.21
.01

.22

.05

“

-

-

(♦ )
<*)
“

-

-

-

-

.1

91.7
8.3

.48
.28

.40
.24
.16
(* )

4.6

.1

(* )

4.14
.38

90.4
9.6

4.44
.47

.1

-

.20
.01

.26
.03

.8

“

1 .8

4.1
4.1

1.3
3.9
1 .6

-

-

~
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

4.86
.37

87.0
13.0

2.96
.44

.25
.18
.07

“

•4
.4
-

~

93.0
7.0

*

-

88.9
11.1

3.40
.42

1 .8

9.3
6 .2

1 .2

91.3
8.7

•
“
4.49
.43

(*>

5.8
3.0

.7
.7
92.3
7.7

(* )
(♦ )
.35
.21

.14
*

3.44
• 29

1 .0

4.5

92.1
7 .9

4.42
.38

3.6
2 .6

88.7
11.3

.11

.~
—
2.82
.36




Alaska

P a c ific

P erPer­
cent
D ollars cent D o lla rs
of
per
of
f t
compen- work compen­ work
n ation
hour
hour s a t io n

Compensation itom

C a lifo r n ia

Hawaii

Oregon

Washington

Per­
P er­
Per­
Per­
D o lla r! cent D o lla rs cent D ollars cent D o lla r s
cent
of
o£
pe r
of
of
f t
per
f t
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n hour s a t io n hour s a t io n
hour s a t io n
hour

——

1 00.0

$5.50

$ 9 .0k

100.0

$6 . 0 2

1 00.0

$3.61

100.0

$4.57

Fay fo e working t i m e -------------------------------------- —
S tr a ig h t-t im e pay — — —
———
---------Premium pay
Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend w o r k -------S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l — —
———— — ——

76.4
75.0
1.5

72.8
70. k
2 .k
1.5
.9

6.58
6.36
• 22
.13
• 08

76.3
7k.8
1.5
.9

k.60
4.51
• 09
•05
• 03

6 9.3
66.9
2.4
1.9
•5

2.50
2.42
• 09
.07
•02

78.4
78.0
.4
.4
•1

3.88
3.86

77.9
76.1

•02
.02

1 .8

3.56
3.48
•08

.8
•6

4.21
U. 13
• 08
• OS
.03

Pay f o r le a v e (except s ic k le a v e ) — —
——
Facet ion s earned — — — — — — — — —
—
—
H olid ays — — —
—
— — -------. . . . . . . . —
C iv ic and personal le a v e 1 —
—— — ——

9 .0
5.1
3 .*
•6

.89
• 28
.18
• 03

10.9
7.2
3.6

.99
• 65
.33

9.k
5.1
3«k

.1

.01

.8

.56
.31
• 21
• OS

11.3
7.0
4.4
-

.41
.25
• 16
-

6 .9
4 .0
2 .9
<*>

• 14
(* )

Employer expen ditu res f o r retirem ent
programs — — — — —
— — — — — ——
—
S o c ia l se c u r ity — — — — — — — — — —
—
S ta te retirem en t p la n s * —
—
—
—

7.2

.40
.07
.33

9.k
3.3

.85
.30
.55

7.0

.42

8 .6

.31

8 .8

1 .2
6 .0

.2
6 .8

.01

3.3
5.2

.12

.41

.19

4 .5
4 .3

.38
.06
.25
.07

6 .9

.43
.07
.28
.08

10.2
1 .8

.37
.07
.2 5
.05

.02
.02

.5
.5
•

.02
.0 2

T o t a l coapensation — — — — — — —

Employer e x pen ditu res f o r l i f e
in su ran ce and h ealth b e n e fit plans
L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h ealth insurance ---------Sick le a v e earned — — — — — —
—
——
W orkers' compensation — — — —
—
—
Employer expen ditu res fo r unemployment
programs
Unemployment insurance — — — ------------------------Severance pay — —
—
—
—
—
— —
o u te r , in c lu d in g nonproducrion bonuses
Wages and s a l a r i e s (g ro ss p a y r o ll) 4— ------ ----- Supplements to wages and sa la rie s^ * • * * “ • “ “ * • *

6 .8
1 .2

4 .5
1 .2

.5
.5
”
(*>
89.9
10.1

100.0

6 .1

1 .8

5.1
•k

.03
.03

“

—

_

(* )
k.95
.56

8 8.8
11.2

1 Includes military leave.
2 Includes State government contributions to retirement funds, and
payments directly to pensioners under pay-as-you-go pension systems.
3 Other includes lump-sum payments for merit awards, longevity,
awards for suggestions, and other incentive payments and bonuses.
4 Wages and salaries include all direct payments to workers normally
shown on IRS W-2 forms and consist of pay for working time; pay for
vacations, holidays, sick leave, and civic and personal leave, severance
pay, and other compensation (including nonproduction bonuses).

.63
.13
.k 6
.03

-

_
8.03
1 .0 1

•6

7.1
1 .2
k. 6

1.3
.3
.3
“

_
90.2
9.8

7.0
1.4

_

(* )

<*>

5.44
.59

87.6
12.4

3.16
.45

1 0 0 . 0 $4.95

.5

•02

1 .2

. 06

.34

8 .1

.20

4.7
3.2

.37
• 22
.14

.2

.01

• 43

6.7

.22
.21

2 .6

• 31
• 12
.18

5 .3
3.8
1.5

.26
.19
.08

6 .0

.8

.27
.07
.17
.04

.6
.6

• 03
.03
•

1.4
1.4

.06
.06

_
89.1
10.9

(♦ )

.
4.41
.54

4.1

1.5
3.7

_
89.6
10.4

_
4.09
.48

5 Supplements to wages and salaries include all employer expendi­
tures for compensation other than wages and salaries and consist of ex­
penditures for retirement programs (including direct pay to pensioners
under pay-as-you-go pension systems), and outlays for life insurance,
health benefit programs (except sick leave), and unemployment insurance.
NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal
totals. Asterisk (* ) indicates less than . 05 percent or $0. 005.

New England
S ta te s
Compensation item

Per­
P er­
cent
D olla rs cent D o lla rs
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work
s a t io n hour sa tio n
hour

T o ta l compensation -------------------------------

100.0

$5.86

Pay fo r working t i m e ------— ------- ------- - - - - — S tr a ig h t-t im e pay ---------------------------------- -—
Premium p a y ------------- ------ ----- ----- — — - - - - - Overtim e, itoLiday, and weekend work —
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------------— -

74.4
74.1
.3
.3
. 1

4.36
4.34

Pay f o r le a v e (except s ic k le a v e ) — ---------Vacations earned -------------------------- ------------H olidays --------------------------------------------------------C iv ic and person al le a v e 1 -------------------- -—

8 .8

.52
.30

Employer expe n d itu res f o r retirem en t
p r o g r a m s ---------------- -— ------ ----- --------- ----- --------S o c ia l s e c u r it y -------------------------------------------S tate retirem en t p l a n ^ --------------------- — - —

5. 1
3.5
.3

.02
.01

(*>

.20
.01

7.2

.42

Vermont
P er­
cent
D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
hour
sation

$4.73

100.0

$5.84

100.0

$4.87

100.0

$5.24

100.0

$5.74

78.5
78.4

.1

3.82
3.81
<*>
(♦>

75.2
74.7
.5
.5

3.94
3.92
.03

79.2
78.5
.7
.4

4.55
4.51
.04

•1

75.6
75.3
.3
.3
(♦ )

4.42
4. 40

.02
.01
.01

3.61
3.60
<*)
(*>
<*)

9. 0
4. 8
3. 5
•6

.63
.34
.25
.04

9.1
5.8
3.2

8.7
5.1
3.5

.1

.43
.28
.15
<*>

7. 7
3. 1
4. 7

.55
.33

9.7
9.7

.46
.46

6.5
6.5

10. 0
5. 0

.70
.36
.33

.6

.23
.03

4.3

.20

.02

.1

(* )

9.1
3.8
4.9
.5

.29
.03

5
.5
(* )

.03
.03
(*>

(*)
<*>

(*>
(* )

<*)
(*>

(* )
(* )

(*>
(* )
-

(* )
<*)
-

-

-

<*)

(* )

-

-

2

.33

Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r l i f e
insurance and h e alth b e n e fit plans - — —
L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e alth insurance — Sick le a v e earned ---------------------------------------W orkers• compensation --------------------------------

8.5
3.3
4.9
.3

.49
.19
.28

Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r unemployment
p r o g r a m s ---------- - — ------------------------- ---------------Unemployment insurance — — — — — —
-----Severance pay —
— —— — — — —— — —

.3
.3
(* )

.01
.01

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses 3 -----

.9

.05

3. 2

.23

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o l l )4— — — Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 5 --------------

88.9

5.21
.65

86. 5

6.13
.95




P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

76.2
76.1

.10

11.1

Rhode Isla n d

P er­
P er­
Per­
D o lla rs
cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs cent
of
per
of
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work compen­ work
hour
hour sa tio n
sation
hour sa tio n
100.0

69. 7
69. 4
. 3

1 .6

(*>

M assachusetts New Hampshire

4.93
4.92

1 0 0 . 0 $7.08

5.6

.0 2

Maine

Connecticut

4. 7
•3

13. 5

.22

(*>
(*>

5.0

89.6
10.4

4.24
.49

.1

89.3
10.7

.02
.0 2

<*)
.51
.30

.1
.1

-

.1

.02

.2

.02
.0 1

.02

9.3
5.1
4.2
(*>

.53
.29
.24
<*>

.44
.19
.25

5.6
4.3
1.3

.32
.25
.07

.38

5.9

.34
.05
.29
<*>

(*>

8.9
5.3
3.5
<*>

.43
.26
.17
(* )

4.6
3.1
.4

.38
.38

6.5
3.7

.32
.18
. 14

8.4
3.6
4.7

.53

6 .1

.29

7.2

.22

.4
5.4
.3

.02

2 .0

.10

.8

.26

5.2
<*>

.27
<*)

5.1
(* )

1 .1
1.1

.06
.06

-

.21

(* )

5.22
.63

2 .8

92.7
7.3

.01

4.51
.35

8 .1

.42
.24
.16

*
88.5
11.5

4.64
.60

93.6
6.4

5.38
.37




compi-fton In
1912
R id dle
h t la n t ic
Compensation item

He* Jersey

Hew York

Pennsylvania

P er­
cent
D ollars
of
per
compen­ work
s a tio n
hour

Per­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

Per­
D o lla rs
cent
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

$7.02

100.0

$7.26

$8.18

100.0

$
i 5. 56

Pay fo r working time - - — -------- - - - - - - S tra ig h t-tim e pay — — — — — — — — —
Premium pay — — — — — — — — — —
—
Overtime, h o lid a y , and weekend work
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l — — — —
——

70.5
70.1
.4
•3
C*>

4.95
4.92

75.4
74.6
.8
.8

5.37
5.34
• 03

4.20
4.19
(*>
(* )

(* )

65.6
65.3
•4
.3
•1

75.5
75.5

.0 2
.02

5. 48
5.42
.06
• 06
1* )

Pay f o r le a v e (except sick le a v e ) -------Vacat ions earned — — — — — — — —
—
Holidays — — — — — — — — — — —
C iv ic and personal l e a v e - - - - - - - — - - -

9.2
5.4
3.4
.5

.65
.38
• 24
.04

9.2
4 .9
3.4
.9

.67
.36
.24
• 06

9.1
5.4
3.1
.7

.74
.44
.25
.05

9 .5
5.6
3.9
(* )

17.3
3.1
14.2

1.41
• 25
1.16

2.9
5.0

7.4

.60
.18
• 32

T otal compensation — — — — — — —

Employer expen ditu res fo r retirem en t
programs — — — —
—— —— ————
S o c ia l s e c u r ity — — — — — — — —
State retirem ent p la n s *— —
—
Employer ex pen ditu res fo r l i f e
insurance and h ealth b e n e fit p la n s —
L i f e , a c cid e n t, and health insurance
Sick le a v e e a r n e d --------------------- -------- -■
Workers' compensation -------------------------Employer expen ditu res fo r unemployment
programs — ------ --------------------— ----------------Unemployment insurance -----------------------Severance pay — --------------------- — ------------

100 .0

C*)

1 2.8

.90

8 .2

3.1
9.6

.22
.6 8

3 .5
4.8

.60
.25
.35

7 .2
1.9
4.6
.7

.51
.13
.32
.05

7.0
2.4
4.6
~

.51
.17
.33
•

.3
.3

.0 2
.02

_

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses 3

<*>

Wages and s a la r i e s (g ro ss p a y r o ll )4 ------Supplements to sag e s and s a l a r i e s * — —

84.3
15.7

(* )

_

_
.1

5.92

89.4

1 .1 0

10.6

. 01 .
6.49
.77

100.0

2 .2

3.9
1.3
.6
.6

78.7
21.3

.0 2
.01

.1
.1

-

8 .0

7 .0
1 .1

.11

5.6
.3

.05
.05

{♦>
(* )

6.43
1.74

<*>
90.7
9.3

.53
.31
.22

(♦>
• 44
.16
.28
.39
.0 6
.31
.01

(*>
(* )
<*>
5.04
.52




East North
C e n tra l
Compensation item

100.0

$5.98

Pay f o r working time - - — ---------- ------------------------S tr a ig h t-t im e pay ----------------- — ----------- ------ Premium p a y -------------- ----------------------— ------ -- Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work -------S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l ------—

76.3
75.8
.4
.3

4.56
4.53
.03

Pay f o r le a v e (except sic k le a v e ) ---------------- - Vacations e a r n e d ---------------------------— -------------H olidays
— ---------------------------C iv ie and person al l e a v e 1------------------------------ -

7.9
4.6
3.0
.3

Employer e x pen ditu res f o r retirem ent
programs ---------------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r ity
—
State retirem en t p la n s 2 ------------------------- ---------Employer ex p e n d itu res f o r l i f e
in su ran ce and h e alth b e n e fit plans ---------------L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e alth insurance ---------Sick le a v e e a r n e d ----------------- -------- ----- -----------W orkers* compensation — — — — — — —
—

T o ta l compensation

Employer ex p e n d itu res f o r unemployment
p r o g r a m s ------— -------- ----- ------------------------------- -----Unemployment insurance — — — — — —
——
Severance p a y --------------------------------- ----- ----- ------

Illin o is

Per­
P er­
cent D o lla rs cent D o lla rs
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work
sation
hour sa tio n
hour

Hichigan

Ohio

W isconsin

P er­
Per­
cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla r s
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tion
hour sa tio n
hour

1 00.0

$5.02

100.0

$6.83

100.0

$5.19

100.0

$6.17

76.9
76.7

4.62
4.60

79.3
79.1

3.98
3.97

76.1
75.4

.01

.01
.01

.8

-

-

4.04
4.00
.03
.03
-

71.3
71.0
.3

.0 2
.01

.1
.1

77.8
77.1
.7
.7

4.40
4.38

.2
.1
.1

5.20
5.14
.05
.03

.47
.28
.18

9.6
5.4
3.6

.57
.32
.22

4.9
3.6

.6

.04

.1

7 .8
4.8
2.7
.3

.48
.30
.17

.02

.32
.17
3.2
3.0 . .15
(*>
<*)

8.3
2.5
5.8

.50
.15
.35

7.3

.44
.16
.28

6.4
3.8

.45

12.6

2 .6

.45

8 .8

.78
.24
.54

7 .0
2.4
4.4
.3

.42
.14
.26

.1
.1

.01
.01

.1

(* )

.02

(* )

1 0 0 . 0 $6 . 0 0

Indiana

P er­
P er­
cent
D o lla rs cent
D o lla rs
of
per
of
per
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour sa tio n
hour

4.7

.01

8 .6

2 .6

1.5
4.6
(♦ )

.37
.09
.27
(* )

4.4

(* )
<*)
<*>

(* )
(* )
(*>

<*>
(* )

6 .1

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses 3----------

.3

.0 2

(* )

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o ll)
---------------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s * - -----------------

68.9

5.31
.67

91.1
8.9

11.1

<*)

(*>
5.46
.53

5.8
1 .1
.2

92.3
7.7

.5
.3

.43
.24
.18
<*)

6.5
4.3

.32
. 19
.13

7 .9
3.0
4.8

.29
.06

8 .2

.22
.01

<*)
(*>
4.63
.39

2 .2

3 .6
4.3
.3
.3
.3

.02

.44
.29
.15

.54
.21

.33

6 .2

8.7
8.7

.2
.2

3.8

.02
.01
.01

.0 2

.56
.25
.29

7.3

.38

2 .2

4.1

.11
.21

7.6
3.2
4.3

.26

.02

1 .0

.05

.1

.01

.3
.3

,.0 2
.02

.02
.0 2

_

_

_

~

-

1 .0

.07

87.9

6 .0 0

8 8.1

12.1

.83

11.9

4.57
.62

.47
.20

.1

.02

83.7
16.3

5.17
1.01

West Horth
Cent r a l
Compensation item

Per­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

T o t a l compensation ---------- -— --------------

01
01

100.0

$4.93

Pay fo r working t i m e ------------ ----- -— -------------S tr a ig h t-t im e p a y ---------------------------------------Premium pay - - - - - - - — - — - — ------------- — —
Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work - S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------------------------

77.1
76.9

3.80
3.79

.2
.2

.01
.01

(* )

(♦)

Pay fo r le a v e (except s ic k le a v e ) -------------Vacations earned - — - — — — — — — — —
—
H olid ays --------------------------------------------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l le a v e 1 - - - - - - - - — ------

9.0
5.4
3.6
(* )

Employer e xpen ditu res f o r retirem ent
programs - - - - - - - — ------------------------- — — -------S o c ia l s e c u r ity -------------------------------------------S ta te retirem en t pla n s z-----------------------------Employer e xp e n d itu res f o r l i f e
insurance and h e alth b e n e fit plans -------- L i f e , a c cid e n t, and h e alth insurance - —
Sick le a v e earned ---------------------------------------W orkers' compensation -------- ---------------------Employer e xpen ditu res f o r unemployment
p r o g r a m s -------- ----------------------- ------------- -------- Unemployment insurance
- - - - - Severance p a y -----------------------------------------------

Kansas

M isso uri

Nebraska

North Dakota

South Dakota

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

Per­
cent
D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

Per­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hour

P er­
cent
D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

1 00.0

$5.09

100.0

$5.59

100.0

$4.41

100.0

$4.36

100.0

$4.37

100.0

$4.40

4.01
4.01
(♦ )
<*>
(* )

78.7
78.7
<*>
(* )
-

4.01
4.00
(* )
(* )

79.1
78.3
.7
.7
-

4.42
4.38
.04
.04
"

75.7
75.6
<*)
<*)
(*>

3.34
3.33
(* )
(* )
<*)

78.2
78.2
(* )
(* )
(* )

3.41
3.41
<*)
(* )
(* )

79.2
79.2

3.46
3.46
.

79.7
79.7
(♦ )
(* )

3.51
3.51
(* )
(* )
<♦)

.44
.26
.17
(*)

7.5
4.8
2.7
(* )

.41
.26
.14
<*)

7.2
4.4
2.7

4.0
(* )

.45
.27
.18
<*)

8.3
4.5
3.8
(* )

9.3
5.7
3.6

9.2
5 .7
3.3

.41
.25
.14

.01

.55
.31
.23
-

.36

.1

9.8
5.6
4.2
-

10.3

.14

.2

.01

7.3
3.7
3.6

.36
.18
.18

7.1
3.8
3.3

.39

8.9
3.5
5.4

.45
.18
.27

5.7

.32
.15
.17

8 .1

.36

8 .6

6 .0

4.6
3.5

.20

3.0

.15

4.3
4.4

.26
.19
.08

6 .6
1.0

.33
.05
.27

11.9
1.3

6 .0

.26

.4

.02

3 .5
-

.11
.20

.01

.27
.07
.19
(♦)

.31

.2

5.2
1.4
3.8
(*>

5.5

10.2

.65
.07
.56

2 .0

5.5

-

5.7
.3

(*)
(*) .

(* )
(♦)

(* )
<*>

(* )
<*)

•-

(*>
(* )
(* )
(* )

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o ll ) 4 -----------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 5---------- -

91.6
8.4

1* )

(*)
4.51
.42

1 0 0 . 0 $5.46

Hinnesota
P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

73.4
73.4
(* )
(* )
<*>

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses3— -




Io wa

Per­
P er­
cent D olla rs cent
D o lla rs
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n
hour s a t io n
hour

(♦ )
91.2
8 .8

.21

.18

(♦ )
<*>
(* )
4.98
.48

89.6
10.4

.36
.22

4.56
.53

2 .6

(* )
92.4
7.6

(* )
5. 16
.43

6 .2

-

91.6
8.4

-

.25
.01

-

4.8
.1

4.6
(♦ )
-

4.04
.37

(* )
91.2
8 .8

-

-

-

-

.1

.1

.41
.25
.15
(*>

.38
.19
.19

6.7
3.2
3.5

.29
.14
.15

4.2

.21
.01
.20

4.8

.21

4.9

.6

.03
.17

4 .8

.02

.2

.
-

.1
.1

.20

.17
(* )

(* )

3.8
.4

-

.
-

(* )
3.98
.38

92.3
7.7

4.03
.34

1 .8

_

93.7
6.3

.22

_

.21
.01

(* )
(* )
4.13
.28

South
A t la n tic

Delaware

Per­
P er­
D o lla rs cent
D ollars
cent
of
of
per
per
compen­ work compen­ work
s a t io n
hour sa tio n hour

Compensation item

T o ta l compensation ----- ----- ------- --------------

100.0 $5.10

100.0 $5. 00

F lo r id a

G eorgia

Vest
V i r g in ia

Maryland

Worth
C a ro lin a

South
C a ro lin a

▼ irg in ia

P er­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation hour

P er­
cent D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hour

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation , hour

100.0 $4.60

100.0 $4.73

100.0 $4.36

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

P er­
D o lla rs
cent
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hour

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

100.0 $4.95

100.0 $4.86

100.0 $6.70

100.0 $5.31

Pay f o r working time — — — — — —
———
S tr a ig h t-t im e pay — - — ------- —
— -------- —
Premium pay — -------------------------------------------------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work ----S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l -------------------------------------

75.7
75.2
.4
.4
.1

3.86
3.84
.02
.02
(*>

70.9
70.5
.4
.4
.1

3.54
3.52
.02
.02
(* )

79.8
79.6
.1
.1
(* )

3.95
3.94
.01
.01
(* )

74.4
74.2
.2
.2
-

3.62
3.61
.01
• 01
-

69.3
68.4
.8
.6
.3

4.64
4.59
.06
• 04
.02

77.3
76.0
1.3
1.1
.2

4.10
4.04
.07
• 06
.01

74.9
74.6
.2
.2
(* )

3.44
3.43
.01
.01
(* )

79.8
79.6
.2
.1
.1

3.77
3.77
.01
.01
(•>

70.1
70.1
(*>
(*>

3.05
3.05
(*>
c*>

Pay f o r le a v e (except s ic k le a v e ) ---------------Vacation s earned -------------------------------------------H olid ays
--------------------------------------------. . . . .
C iv ic and p e rso n a l le a v e 1— — — — —
—

9.2
5.4
3.5
.2

.47
.28
.18
.01

9.8
5.8
3.9
(*>

.49
.29
• 20
<•>

8.6
5.3
3.0
.4

.43
.26
.15
• 02

9 .5
5.9
3 .6
(*>

.46
.2 9
.17
(*>

10.3
5.3
4.4
.6

.69
.35
.30
.04

7 .6
4 .8
2.8
.1

.40
.25
.15
(* )

9.3
5.7
3.5
(* )

• 43
.26
.16
(♦ )

9 .2
5.4
3.7
(*>

• 43
.26
.18
(♦ )

10.8
6.2
4.5
.1

.47
.27
• 20
(*>

Employer exp e n d itu res f o r retirem en t
programs -------------------------------------------- --------------S o c ia l s e c u r ity ---------- ----------------- --------------S tate retirem en t p l a n s — —
————

8.8
3.8
5.0

.45
.19
.25

11.2
3.7
7.5

.56
.18
.38

6 .9
3.5
3.4

• 34
.17
.17

9.3
3.3
6 .0

• 45
.16
• 29

9.1
4 .3
4 .8

.61
• 29
.32

11.6
3.8
7.8

• 61
.20
•41

10.1
4.3
5.8

.47
• 20
.27

5 .4
3 .8
1.7

.26
.18
• 08

11.6
3.7
7.9

• 51
.16
.34

Employer e x pen ditu res f o r l i f e
in su ra n c e and h e alth b e n e f it p la n s — — —
L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e a lth in suran ce -----Sick le a v e earned —
———
—
—
w orkers' co m p e n sa tio n --------— — — — — — —

6.3
.5
5.6
.1

.32
.03
• 29
.01

8.0
1.3
5.6
1.1

.40
.07
• 28
.05

4.7
4.5
•2

• 23
• 22
.01

6 .7
1.7
5.0
•1

• 33
.0 8
• 24
(• )

11.3
1.3
9 .9
.1

.76
• 09
•66
• 01

3 .2
3.1
.1

.17
.17
(* )

5.6

.26

5 .6
•2
5.4
(* )

• 26
.01
.26
(•>

7.5
.8
6.3
.4

•32
.03
.27
•02

Employer expen ditu res f o r unemployment
programs — — — — — — — — — —
—
——
Unemployment in su ra n c e — —
——
——
Severance pay —
—— — ———
————

(* )
(*>
(•>

•1
•1
(• )

• 01
.01
(•>

“

s
O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses - - —
Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o l l ) 4 —
Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s * —




—
—

.1
90.5
9.5

(♦ )
<*)
(♦ )
(*>
4.62
• 48

86.3
13.7

4.31
•68

(•>
92*9
7.1

“
(• )
4.60
• 35

-

5.5
.1

-

• 25
(*>

-

(* )
88.9
11.1

(♦ )
4.32
.5 4

(*>
89.5
10.5

(• )
6.00
.71

.3

•02

.1

88.3
11.7

4.69
• 62

89.7
10.3

(• )
4.13
.47

94.4
5 .6

•

.

-

-

4.46
.27

87.2
12.8

•

3.89
• 56




East South
C e n tra l
Compensation item

P e r­
D o lla rs
cent
per
of
compen­ work
hour
s a t io n

Alabama
P er­
cent
D ollars
per
of
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

Kentucky

M is s is s ip p i

Per­
P er­
D ollars
cent D o lla rs cent
of
per
of
per
compen­ work
compen­ work
hour
sation
hour sa tio n

Tennessee
P er­
cent D o lla r s
per
of
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

T o ta l compensation ---------- -------------------------

1 00.0

$4.55

1 00.0

$4.91

100.0

$4.68

100.0

$4.50

100.0

$4.21

Pay f o r working time — - — ------ ------------- -----------S tra ig h t-tim e p a y ------------ -------------------------------Premium pay — -------- ------- — ----- — -----— ------ -----Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work - - - - S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------------------------------

76.2
76.2
<*)
(* )
<*)

3.47
3.47
(* )
(* )
(* )

76.6
76.6
(♦ )
(* )
(♦>

3.77
3.76
(* )
{* )
(* )

75.3
75.3
(* )
(♦ )
<*)

3.53
3.53
(*>
(* )
(* )

77.5
77.5

3.49
3.49

76.0
76.0
(* )
(*>

3.20
3.19
<♦)
(♦>

Pay f o r le a v e (except sic k l e a v e ) -------- ----- ----Vacations e a r n e d ----------------------------------------------H o l i d a y s -----— ---------------- — ------- — — — ------- ------C iv ie and personal le a v e 1- ------------------------------

9.2
5.4
3.8
(*>

.42
.24
.17
<*>

9.4
4.7
4.7
. 1

.46
.23
.23
(* )

8.7
5.1
3.6
<*>

.41
.24
.17
(* )

9 .2
5.7
3.4
(* )

.41
.26
.15
(*>

9.4

.40
.25
.14
-

Employer expenditures f o r retirem ent
p r o g r a m s -------- ------ ---------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r ity — --------------------- — ------- — -----S tate retirem en t plans2— — — — — — — —

8 .6

.39
.18

.40
.19

1 0.6

.50

3.9
4.8

4.4

.21

.22

6 .2

.29

7. 1
3 .3
3.9

.32
.15
.17

.28
.06

5.3

.2 2

4.2
.5

.25
• 03
.19

Employer expen ditu res fo r l i f e
in suran ce and h ealth b e n e fit plans ---------------L i f e , a c cid e n t, and h ealth insurance - - - - Sick le a v e earned — — — — — — — — —
Workers* compensation —
— — — — — —
Employer expen ditu res f o r unemployment
— -----p r o g r a m s ---------- ----------- ------------------— —
Unemployment insurance - — — — — ------------------Severance pay — ------ ----- — --------------------— - — -

5.9
1 .0

4.6
.2

(*>
(*>

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses3— — —

(* )

Mages and s a la r i e s (g ro ss p a y r o l l)4—
— —
Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 5-------------------

90.0
10.0

.22

8 .2

3.8
4.4

.27
.05

5.7

.21
.01

4.4

(* )
(* )

1 .2
.1

-

1*)

4.10
.45

90.5
9 .5

(* )

-.
4.45
.47

.6

.1
.1

.02

(* )
<*>

<*>
8 8.2
11.8

(*>
4.13
.55

-

-

-

-

6 .2

.28

.3
5.4
.5

.2 4

(*>
<*>
92.1
7 .9

.01
.02

(* )
(*>
4.15
.35

6 .0

3.5

8 .1

3.9
4.3
6.5
1.7
4.8
(*>
(♦ )
90.1
9 .9

.34
.16
.18
.27
.07
.20

(* )
(* )
3.79
.41




West South
C e n tra l
Compensation item

Arkansas

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
s a t io n
hour

P er­
cent
D ollars
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

L o u isian a
P er­
D o lla r s
cent
of
per
compen­ work
s a tio n
hour

Oklahoma
Per­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation hour

Texas
P er­
cent D o lla r s
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hour

T o t a l compensation - — ----------------— - — - —

100.0

$4.59

100.0

$3.95

100.0

$4.66

1 00.0

$4.48

1 00.0

$4.79

Pay foe working time — — — --------------- --------------S tr a ig h t-t im e pay -------- -------------- — ------------ — Premium pay -------------------------------------------------------O vertim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work — - —
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l — -------- -— --------------------

76.2
76.1

76.7
76.6
(♦ )
(* )

3.03
3.03
(*>
(♦ )

76.7
76.5
.3
.3
(* )

3.58
3.57

74.6
74.6

.0 1
.01

.1
.1

(* )

3.50
3.49
(* )
(*>
<*)

(* )

3.34
3.34
(* )
<*>
(♦ )

76.5
76.5
(* )
(*>
(* )

3.66
3.66
(* )
(* )
<*>

Pay fo r le a v e (e x c e pt sic k le a v e ) -----------------Vacations earned — — — — — — — — — —
H o l i d a y s --------------------------- ---------------------------------C iv ic and p e rso n a l leave 1 -------- ----- -------------- —

8 .S

.39

8 .5
5.1
3.2

.34

.36
.25

8 .6
6 .0

• 38
.27

8 .8

.42

.20

.11

4.1
4.6

.01

2 .5
(* )

.11

.2

7.8
5.4
2.4
<*>

.2

.2 0
• 22
.01

.39
.18

7.5

.21

7 .5

.35
.35

9 .0
4.1
4 .9

8.9
4.3
4.7

.2 0
.22

.37

7 .8
2.3
5.2
.3

Employer ex p e n d itu res f o r retirem ent
p r o g r a m s ----- — — — — — — . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
S o c ia l s e c u r it y — — — — — — —
—
—
S ta te r e t ir e a e n t plans 2 -------- ------------------------Employer ex p e n d itu res fo r l i f e
insurance and h e alth b e n e fit plans —
— —
L i f e , a c cid e n t, and h ealth insurance ---------Sick le a v e earned — — —
—
—
——
—
Workers* compensation -------------------------------------Employer e x p e n d itu res fo r unemployment
programs — — — — — — — —
—
—
——
Unemployment insurance — —
—
——
—
Severance p a y ---------------------------------- -----------------

.1
.1

4.9
3.5

.22

.1

.16
(* )

8.7
3.2
5.5

.40
.15
.25

9.8
4 .5
5.4

6 .6
1 .6

.30
.07

.20
.02

8 .0
2 .2

.10

4.8

.22
.01

5.0
.4
4.3

.17

.2

.01

5.4
.4

.02

-

-

.2

<*)
(*>
-

O th er, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses3 — —
—

-

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o ll^ —
——
Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 5- - - — — — - -

89.5
10.5

(* )
<•)
4.11
.48

89.5
10.5

.13

(*>

3.53
.41

-

“
89.9
10.1

<*>

• 25

-.
4.19
.47

88.4
1 1.6

<*)
• 40
• 18
.22

.43

.0 1

5.7
1.3
4.4
<*)

C*)

T

(* )
<•>

<♦>
(• )

.35
• 10
.23

3.96
.52

89.8
1 0.2

.27
.06
.21

4.30
.49

Hountain
Compensation item

P er­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

A riz ona
Per­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation hoar

Colorado
P e r­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hoar

Idaho

Hontana

Per­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation hour

Vevada

Mew Mexico

Otah

Wyoming

P er­
cent
D ollars
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hoar

P er­
cent
D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hoar

P er­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tion
hoar

Per­
cen t D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n
hoar

P er­
cent D o lla rs
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hoar

100.0

$5.05

100.0

$4.77

100.0

$5.78

100.0

$5.01

Pay f o r working time -----— -------------------------S tr a ig h t-t im e pay -----------------------------------Premium pay - — --------— -----------------------------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------------

77.0
76.9

3.89
3.88
.01
.01

3.67
3.67
(* )
C*)

77.7
77.7
1*)
<♦)
•

4.50
4.50
<*>
<♦)
“

76.2
76.2

.1
.1

77.0
77.0
{*>
<*>

3.81
3.81
<*)
(* )
<*)

77.0
76.5
•5
.4

Pay f o r le a v e (except s ic k le a v e ) ---------V acation s earned — ----------------------- -— - —
H o l i d a y s --------------------------- ----------------------C iv ic and person al l e a v e ------— --------- -

9 .0
5.3
3.6

.45
.27
.18

.51
.29

8 .0

.1

.40
.26
.14
<*)

9 .4

.01

.46
.27
.18
(* )

8 .8

.1

9.6
5.7
3.8
(♦ )

7.8

8 .1

.39
.19

7.5

.2 0

7.5

.43
.43

9.6
4.5
5.1

.4 8
• 22
.25

6 .0

5.1

.39
.13
.26

6 .2
1 .1
a. 7

.31
.05
.24

.25

6 .0
.6

.34
.03
.30

6 .0

.30
.07

7 .5

5.2

.5

.02

5.2
.3
4.4
.4

.2

.01

.2 1
.02

4.6
1.9

T o t a l compensation -------------------- * —

Employer exp e n d itu res f o r retirem en t
p r o g r a m s ------------------------------- -------- ----- — * —
S o c ia l s e c u r it y ------ — --------------------- — —
S ta te retirem en t p l a n s ---------— ------ -----Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r l i f e
in su ran ce and h e alth b e n e fit pla n s - —
L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e alth insurance Sick le a v e earned -------— — ------- -------------W orkers' compensation ---------------------------Employer e xp e n d itu res f o r unemployment
programs -------- ---------------------------------------------Unemployment insurance -------------------------Severance p a y ------------ -— ------------------------

<*>

2 .6

<*>
<*)
(* )

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bon u ses3
*

<*)

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o l l ) * -------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 5 - — -

90.7
9.3




1 *)

(♦)
(* )
(* )
(♦)
4.58
.47

3.9
4.2

.1
-

.1
.1

91. 1
8.9

.0 2
.21
.02

<*)
<*)

5.1
3.7
.1

-

.21

(* )

-

-

-

-

~

(*>

-

4.34
.42

91.7
8.3

.1

(*>
(* )
5.2
2 .7

1.3
4.2
.4
.2
.2

(* )
5.31
.48

88.4
11.6

.0 1
.01

<*>
4.43
.58

100.0

$5.83

1 00.0

$4.41

100 .0

$4.86

100.0

$4.88

4.49
4.45
.04
.04
<*>

75.5
75.5
<*>
<*>
<*>

3.33
3.33
(* )
(* )
<*)

77.1
76.9

3.75
3.74

78.9
78.9

3.85
3.85

.02
.02
.01

77.1
76.4
.7
.7
<*)

.2
.2

.01
.01

-

-

.44
.28
.16
(♦ )

9.2
5.8
3.2
.3

.54
.34
.18

9.2
5.3
3.7

.41
.23
.16

9 .0
4 .7
4.0

.44
.23
.19

8.4
5.0
3.3

.02

.2

.01

.2

.01

.1

.41
.24
.16
<♦>

.28
.13
.15

5.5

.39
.19
.19

7.6
3.9
3.8

.37
.19
.18

8.4
4.1
4.3

.20
.21

1 0 0 . 0 $4.70

.1

6 .0

3.4
<*)

2.7
3.3

1.0

3.62
3.60

-

-

.32

8 .8

.2

.01

.31

4.4
4.4

.35
.04

8 .1
2 .0

.47

.21

1 .6

• 30
.08

4.3

1 .6

• 29
.07

6 .3

.12

.6

.22

5.6
.4

.32
.03

4.5
•4

.20
.02

4.4
.3

.21
.01

3.7
(* )

.03
.18
(* )

.1
.1

.01
.01

<♦>
<*)

-

-

.09

_

_

-

-

-

5.3

-

91.1
8.9

-

4.29
.42

<*>
91.9
8 .1

<*>
5.36
.47

6.5

<*)
(* )

_

_

_

-

-

-

*
89.2
1 0.8

3.93
.48

.41

<*>
90.5
9.5

(* )
4.40
.46

<*)
91.0
9.0

-

(* )
4.44
.44

Alaska

P a c i f ic
Compensation item

Per­
cent
D ollars
per
of
compen­ work
sation
hour

P e r­
Per­
D o lla rs cent D o lla rs
cent
per
of
per
of
compen­ work compen­ work
sa tio n hour sa tio n hour

$6.76

1 00.0

$5.44

100.0

$5.35

69.5

78.5
78.3

4.27
4.26
• 01

77.2
76.5

4.13
4.09
.03

6

.5

•1

.01

.2

.01

.1

4.70
4.65
.05
.04
(* )

9. 7

.87
.58
.28

9.0
4.1
3.5
1.4

8.4
4.9
3.1
.3

.01

Pay f o r le a v e (except s ic k le a v e )
Vacation s earned - — — — — ---------- -----------------H olidays — ----------------------- --------------------------------C iv ic and person al le a v e — — -----— — — ------

9.1
9.7
3.5

.56
.29

1 .0

.06

Employer ex p e n d itu res f o r retirem ent
programs ---------------------------------------------------------------S o c ia l s e c u r i t y ---------- ------------------ ------------------State retirem en t plans — — ------------------------

8 .6
2 .8

.53
.17
.36

11. 2

6.5
1. 4
4. 6

.8

.35
.06
.24
.05

.2
.2

.01
.01

.2

6. 5
3. 1
•1

.22

(*)
{*)
89.3
10.7

•5

(* )

Wages and s a l a r i e s (g r o s s p a y r o ll ) 4----------------Supplements to wages and s a l a r i e s 5 -------------------

3. 3
7. 8

(* )

O ther, in c lu d in g nonproduction bonuses3 - - - - -

5.51
.66

1
1

-

.01

.8

.99
.30
.70

8 .8

.58
.13
.41
.05

5.4

.02
.01
.01

r-

-

86. 8
13. 2

1 Includes military leave.
2 Includes State government contributions to retirement funds, and
3 Other includes lump-sum payments for merit awards, longevity,
awards for suggestions, and other incentive payments and bonuses.
4 Wages and salaries include all direct payments to workers normally
shown on IRS W -2 form s and consist of pay for working time; pay for
vacations, holidays, sick leave, and civic and personal leave, severance
pay, and other compensation ( including nonproduction bonuses).




Per­
D o lla r s
cent
per
of
compen­ work
sa tion hour

100.0

.2

Employer ex p e n d itu res f o r unemployment
programs ------------------------------------------ -----— ---------Unemployment insurance
Severance pay ----------------------- -------- -— --------------

Per­
D o lla rs
cent
of
per
compen­ work
sation
hour

4.82
4.77
.05
.03

72. 4
71. 7
7

1.0

P er­
D o lla rs
cent
of
per
compen­ work
sa tio n hour

$6.29

4.70
4. 66
.04
.03

3.9

Washington

76.7
75.9

$6.16

76.3
75.6
.7
.5

5.7

Oregon

100.0

100.0

5.8

Hawaii

6.46
6.39
.06
.05

1 0 0 . 0 $8.92

T o ta l compensation -----------------------------------Pay f o r working time — ------------ ------ -— ------------S tr a ig h t-t im e p a y ------------------------- ----- -------------Premium p a y ------------ --------- ------------ -— — — -------Overtim e, h o lid a y , and weekend work - - - - S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------------------------------

Employer e x p e n d itu res f o r l i f e
insurance and h e alth b e n e fit plans ---------------L i f e , a c c id e n t, and h e alth insurance ---------Sick le a v e earned --------------------------------------------Workers* compensation - - - - - — — — — — — —

C a lif o r n ia

7.74
1.18

2.5
6.3

1 .1

3.4
.9

(* )
89.1
10.9

6 8 .8

.7
.7

.2
.2

-

.01

.6
.2

-

.4

.01
.02

.45
.27
.17

9.2
5.3
3.7

.49
.29
.19

.02

.2

.01

.35
.15

.57
.26

11.1
6 .8

.22

4.2

.75
.46
.28

.09

.1

.01

.56
.16
.40

10.1

.68

6 .6

.23
.45

7.8
3.8
4.0

.42

3.4
6 .7

.21
.21

2.9
3.7

.34
.07

8 .6
1 .2

6.9

.06

.6

.58
.08
.46
.04

5.0

.21

4.3
.7

.27
<*)
.23
.04

4.5
.4

-

.7
.7

.05
.05
-

.3
.3
(* )

.02
.02

1.1
1.1

(*)

<*>

5.60
.69

87.4
1 2.6

(♦ )
5.91
.85

(*)

91.1
8.9

(*)
-

4.96
.48

6 .0
1 .1

.20

.32
.06
.24
.02

.06
.06

~
90.9
9.1

4.86
.49

5
Supplements to wages and salaries include all employer expendi­
tures for compensation other than wages and salaries and consist of ex­
penditures for retirement programs ( including direct pay to pensioners
under pay-as-you-go pension systems), and outlays for life insurance,
health benefit programs (except sick leave), and unemployment insurance.
NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal
totals. Asterisk (*) indicates less than . 05 percent or $0. 005.

Percent o f a l l p aid hours
Region and
S ta te

Paid le a v e hou rs

Work hours

A l l p a id
hours
T o ta l

S t r a ig h t time

Overtime

T ota l

Vacations
earned

H olidays

Sick le a v e
earned

C iv ic an4
p e r s o n a l1

United S ta t e s

100.0

84.9

83.8

1.1

15.1

5 .6

3.9

5.2

Hew England
Connecticut
Maine ----------M assachusetts —
Hew Hampshire —
Rhode Is la n d ----Vermont -------

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

84.7
83.7
85.9
84.7
84.7
85.7
84.8

82.9
81.5
82.9
83.9
81.8
82.5
82.5

1 .8
2 .2

15.3
16.3
14.1
15.3
15.3
14.3
15.2

5.7
5 .7

3.8
4.0
3.5
3.9
3.6
3.3
4.4

5.5
5.6
4.5
5.6
5 .5
5.7
5.3

Middle A t la n tic ----Hew Jersey ----------Hew York -------------Pennsylvania -----

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

83.5
82.9
83.6
83.8

82.2
80.7
82.5
82.6

4.3
4.5
4.0
4.5

5.4
5.6
4 .9
5 .9

.6
1 .0
1 .0

East Horth C e n tra l
I l l i n o i s --------------In diana ---------------Michigan -------------

86.1

84.7
83.9
84.6
85.5
84.5
85.4

3 .5
4.1
4.2
2 .7
3.4
3.2

5 .0
4.8
4 .5
5.1
5 .3
4 .8

.2
.6
.1

Wisconsin --------------

1 00.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

West Horth c e n t r a l I o w a -----------------------Kansas -------------------Minnesota -------------M issouri ---------------Nebraska ---------------Horth Dakota ----South Dakota -----

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

South A t la n t ic
Delaware ---------------F lo r id a -----------------Georgia -----------------Maryland ---------------Horth C a r o lin a ----South C a ro lin a ----V ir g in ia ---------------West V i r g i n ia -------

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

84.0
82.1
84.0
77.1
87.4
84.8
85.3
81.2

83.3
80.9
85.5
83.7
74.9
87.2
84.4
84.1
80.8

East South C e n tra l Alabama -----------------Kentucky ---------------M is s is s ip p i ---------T e n n e ss e e ---------:
—

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85.4
85.1
85.5
85.6
85.6

85.1
85.0
84.6
85.5
85.3

West South C e n tra l —
A r k a n s a s ---------------Louisian a
Oklahoma ------T e x a s ------------

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85.9
86.4

85.2

86.1
86.0

85.3
84.4
85.2

Mountain ------Arizona ----Colorado —
Idaho --------Montana ----Nevada ------New Mexico
Utah ---------Wyoming -----

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85.4
85.3
84.5
86.5
85.7
84.1
85.7
85.6
86.5

84.7
84.5
84.3
85.8
84.9
81.7
85. 1
84.8
86.3

.7
.7
.3
.7
.9
2 .4

P a c i f ic --------Alaska ------C a lif o r n ia
Hawaii ------Oregon ------Washington 1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85.5
83.9
85.8
79.6
86.9
85.2

84.2
81.5
84.6
77.2
85.9
84.3

1.3
2.4
1.3
2.4

84.6
86.2

86.9
87.3
85.9
84.8
81.2
87.2
86.2

83.8
86.5
85.7
85.1

8 6.0

84.7

84.1
80.5.
87.0
84.8
83.3
85.7
84.9
85.0

8 6 .1

1 Includes military leave hours.
NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal




3 .0
.9
2.9
3 .2
2.4
1.3
2 .2
1.1
1 .2

1.4
.7
1.7
1.4
2 .8
.6

.7
.8

.3
1.3
.5
.9
.8

<♦>
.8

1.3
.5
.4
2 .2
.1

.4
1 .2

.5
.4
.1
.8

(*>
.3
.7
.3
.8

.3
.8

.6

.9
.3

1 .0

.9

16.5
17.1
16.4
16.2
13.9
15.4
13.8
13.1
12.7
14.1
15.2
18.8
12.8

13.8
16.2
13.5
14.3
14.9
16.0
17.9
14.0
16.0
22.9

6 .0

5.8
5.5
5 .0
5 .4
6 .2

5-9
6 .6

5 .9
5.2
6 .0

4.9
5.2
3.9
5.7
5 .7
5 .0
5 .3
6 .2
6 .1

4 .7
6 .0
6 .0

5 .8

3.8
3.0
3.0
3 .8
4.4
4.1
4.1
3.6

5.7
1 0.8

4.4
3.9
5.7
4.5
4.1
5.1
5.9

.3
.3
1 .0

(* )
.1

.5
.2

!♦)

(♦ )

(* )
-3
(♦ )
(♦ )
.1

(♦ )
.1
.1
;1

15.2
14.7
18.8

5.5
6 .4
5.9
5.5
5.7
5.3
6 .7

4.0
4.4
3.3
4.0
5. 1
3.2
3.9
4.0
5.1

6 .8

.1

14.6
14.9
14.5
14.4
14.4

5 .6
5.3
5 .7
5.6
5.8

4.1
5.0
4.0
3.3
3.8

4.7
4.5
4.6
5.4
4.7

.1
.1
.2
.1

14. 1
13.6
13.9
15.3
14.0

5 .2
5 .7
5 .6

3.7
3.2
2.5
3.0
4.8

5.0
4.6
5-7
5.6
4.6

14.6
14.7
15.5
13.5
14.3
15.9
14.3
14.4
13.5

5 .7

6.3
5 .5
5 .2
5.4

3.9
4.1
4.1
3.2
3.4
3.5
4.1
4.4
3.6

4.9
4.5
5.4
4.5
4.8
5 .9
4.6
4.6
4.4

14.5
16.1
14.2
20.4
13.1
14.8

5.3
7 .1
4.9
7.7
5.1
5 .7

3.8
3.7
3.8
4.8
3.2
4.0

4.5
5.1
4.1
7.8
4.5
4 .7

12.6

6 .8

6 .6

4.4
6 .1

5.8
5.7
6 .0

6 .6

4 .8
5 .5
1 1.0

3.6
5.6
5.4

.2
.1

.4
(* )
.9
.3
(♦ )
(* )

.1
.2

(* )
.1
.2

•1
<*)
.1
.1

(♦ )
.2
.1
.2
.1
1 .0
.1

1.4
.1

.3
.4

totals. Dash ( - ) indicates zero. Asterisk (* ) indicates less than 0.05.
percent.

Percent o f a l l pa id hours
Region and
S ta te

A l l pa id
hours

Work hours
T c ta l

S t r a ig h t time

Paid le a v e hours
Overtime

T o ta l

Vacations
earned

Holidays

Sick leave
earned

C iv ic and
p e rso n a l1

United S ta tes

100.0

85.1

83.0

2.1

14.9

5.7

3.8

5.1

.3

le v England ------------------------------Connecticut --------------------------Maine -------------------------------------M assachusetts -------— ------------le v Hampshire ----------------------M o de I s l a n d -------- — — ------- Verm on t----------------------------------

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

83.9
81.9
86.9
83.2
83.0
85.6
86.0

79.5
77.1
80.6
81.3
73.2
81.3
82.1

4.4
4.7
6.3
1.9
9 .8
4.3
3.9

16. 1
18.1
13.1
16.8
17.0
14.4
14.0

5.8
5.9
5.7
6 .2
5.7
5 .0
4 .9

4.0
4.0
3.2
4.5
3.5
3.1
4.2

5.5
5.9
4.2
6.0
5.7
6 .3
4.9

•8
2.4

M iddle A t la n t ic ----------------------le v Jersey ----------------------------le v fo r k -------------------------------Pen n sylvan ia -------------------------

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

83.9
84.0
82.7
84.1

81.6
82.2
74.8
83.2

2.3
1.9
8.0
.9

16. 1
16.0
17.3
15.9

5 .8
5.5
6 .9
5.7

4.4
4.4
4.0
4.5

5.4
5.2
4.7
5.7

.5
.9
1.6

Mast Worth C e n tra l -----------------I l l i n o i s -------------------------------In d ia n a ---------------------------------Michigan -------------------------------O h i o ---------------------------------------lis c o n s in ----------------------- -------

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

86.3
84.5
86.9
88.3
86.7
84.7

82.7
81.7
80.5
85.2
83.2
83.3

3 .6
2.8
6 .4
3.1
3 .5
1.4

13.7
15.5
13. 1
11.7
13.3
15.3

5.2
6 .5
4.5
4.5
4.5
7 .0

3.6
4.6
4. 1
2.6
3.3
3.1

4.8
4.4
4 .5
4.5
5.5
4.7

.1

l e s t lo rt h C e n tra l
I o v a -------------------Kansas ----------------Minnesota ----------M isso uri ------------Nebraska ------------lo r t h Dakota ----South Dakota ------

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

84.8
81.5
87.1
86.5
83.3
86.5
86.1
84.3

83.1
78.3
86.7
84.8
81.4
84.3
84. 1
84.3

1.7
3 .2
.4
1.7
1.9
2 .2
2.0

15.2
18.5
12.9
13.5
16.7
13.5
13.9
15.7

5.8
4 .5
5.4
6.3
6 .8
4.5
6.0
6 .3

3.6
3.3
2.9
3.2
4.3
4.5
3.7
3.9

5.7
10.7
4.6
4.0
5.6
4.2
4.1
5.4

.1
(* )

South A t la n t ic -----— —
D elavare --------------------F l o r i d a ------- --------------G e o r g i a ----- — ------------Maryland --------------------North C a r o lin a --------South C a ro lin a ---------V ir g in ia --------------------Nest V i r g i n ia — -------Bast South C e n tra l -----Alabama ----------------------Kentucky --------------------M is s is s ip p i --------------Tennessee -------------------

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

84.8
80.8
85.5
€4.8
78.2
88.1
86.4
86.0
81.8
85.8
86.0
84.8
88.1
85.9

83.1
78.3
83.5
84.6
70.5
87.9
86.1
83.2
80.8
84.8
86.0
82.4
88.1
85.0

1-7
2.5
2.0
.1
7 .7
.2
.3
2.8
1.0
1.1
(*>
2.3
1.0

15.2
19.2
14.5
15.2
21.8
11.9
13.6
14.0
18.2
14.2
14.0
15.2
11.9
14.1

5 .6
7.4
5.4
6 .2
5.7
5.2
5.2
5.1
6.6
5 .5
5.4
5.8
4.5
5.6

3.8
4.1
4.0
3.3
5.3
2 .8
3.1
3.8
5.1
4.1
5.2
4.1
2.6
3.8

5.5
7.4
5.1
5.8
9.4
3.5
5.2
5.1
6.6
4.2
3.3
4.5
4.5
4.7

.2
•3
.1

Nest South C e n tra l —
Arkansas ----------------Lo u isian a -----------—
Oklahoma ----------------T e x a s ------------- — —

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

86.1

84.1
88.2
84.1
81.6
83.7

2.0

85.8
83.5
86.2

1.8
1.9
2 .5

13.9
11.8
14.2
16.5
13.8

5.3
5.3
6 .0
7.0
4.6

3.7
2.2
2.2
3.8
4.6

4.9
4.3
6.0
5.8
4.4

.1
(♦ )
<*)
.2

Mountain ------------------------------------

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85*0
84.3
83.3
85.9
65.8
83.3
86.3
85.5
86.2

83.6
83.5
83.3
85.2
84.0
79.3
84.7
83.0
85.4

1.4
.8
(♦ )
.7
1.8
3.9
1.6
2.5
.9

15.0
15.7
16-7
14.1
14.2
16.7
13.7
14.5
13.8

6.2
6.9
7.1
6.1
5.7
6.8
5.1
5.6
5.6

4.1
4.2
4.5
3.3
3.8
3.7
4.2
4.5
3.6

4-7
4.6
5.0
4.7
4.6
6.2
4.4
4.5
4.5

<*>
(* )
(* )

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85.2
83.8
85.7
80.1
87.3
83.0

83.7
77.8
85.5
77.2
83.7
80.4

1.4
6.1
.2
2.9
3 .6
2.6

14.8
16.2
14.3
19.9
12.7
17.0

6.1
7 .2
5.9
7.6
5 .6
6.5

3.2
3.8
2.9
4.7
2.7
4.4

4.5
5 .2
4.3
7.6
4 .4
4.7

1.0
—
1.2
<*>
1.4

Colorado --------------------------------Idaho -------------------------------------M ontana----------------------— -------N e v a d a ----- — ---------------------------Nev Mexico ----------------------------Wyoming---------------------------------P a c i f i c -------------------------------------C a l if o r n ia

- - — ---------------- —

Oregon -----------------------------------Hashington
— ----------------

e e .2

-

1 Includes military leave hours.

totals,

NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal

cent*




Dash (-) indicates zero,

•1
2.2
-

.1
_

(* )
.5

_
_

.4
.1
.1

1.3
.5
<*)
-

.3
.1
•8
.3
~

-

Asterisk (* ) indicates less than 0. 05 p e r-

P ercent o f a l l p a id hours

R egion and
S ta te

Work hours

A ll p a id
hours
T c ta l

U n ited S t a te s
Nev England
C o n n e c tic u t --------M a in e --------------------M a ssa c h u se tts ----Nev Ham pshire ----Rhode I s l a n d ------Vermont ----------------M iddle A tla n tic ---------------------Nev J e r se y ----------------------------Nev York --------------------------------P en n sy lv a n ia ------------------------E ast North C e n tr a l ----------------I l l i n o i s --------------------------------In d ia n a ----M ichigan ----------------O h io ------------------------W is c o n s in --------- 1
—
West North c e n t r a l I o v a ------------------------Kansas --------------------M in nesota ------M isso u ri --------------Nebraska --------------North D a k o ta ------South D akota ------South A tla n tic ------D elavare --------------F lo r id a ----------------G eorgia ----------------M aryland --------------North C a r o lin a —
South C a r o lin a —
V ir g in ia —
West V ir g in ia —
E a st South C e n tra l
Alabama ---------------Kentucky -------------M is s is s ip p i -------■T en n essee -----------West South C e n tra l
A rkansas --------------L o u isia n a ------------Oklahoma --------------T e x a s --------------------M ountain ------------------A rizona ----------------C olorado ----------- —
Idaho --------------------Montana ----------------Nevada -----------------Nev M exico ----------U t a h ----------------------Wyoming ------P a c i f ic --------A laska -------C a lif o r n ia
H av aii ------Oregon ------W ashington

S t r a ig h t time

Overtime

T o ta l

B c lld a y s

Sick le a v e
earned

C iv ic and
p e rs o n a l 1

100.0

84.6

83.7

1.0

15.4

5 .7

3.9

5.4

.3

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85-1
83.1
85.7
85.5
85.3
86.9
84.5

82.8
80.0
81.2
84.6
84.1
79. 1
81.5

2.3
3.1
4 .5
-9
1.2
7 .8
3 .0

14.9
16.9
14.3
14i5
14.7
13.1
15.5

5.5
6.0
5.7
5.4
5 .5
4.7
5.3

3.6
4.1
3.6
3.5
3.7
2.9
4.8

5.6
6.0
5 .0
5.5
5.5
5.4
5.3

•2
.8
—
.1
—
(♦ )

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

83.0
80.0
83.2
83.8

82.2
77.4
82.5
83.4

.9
2 .5
.7
.4

17.0
20.0
16.8
16.2

6 .4
6 .8
6.6
5.8

4.4
5.8
4.0
4.6

5.4
6 .4
5.0
5 .8

.7
1.1
1.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85-9
85.0
85.9
86.0
85.9
85.9

84.2
83.8
85.7
84.7
83.0
85.4

1.7
1.3
.1
1.2
3.0
.5

14.1
15.0
14.1
14.0
14.1
14.1

5 .2
6.5
4.9
5.8
4.4
6.1

3.4
3.6
4.8
2.8
3.3
3.2

5.5
4.6
4.4
5.4
6 .3
4 .8

<*)
.2
.1
<*)
<*)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85.0
81.7
87.1
86.6
84.0
86.3
85.9
85.6

84.7
81.6
86.7
85.9
83.7
86.1
85.2
85.6

.4
.1
.4
.7
.2
.2
.6

15.0
18.3
12.9
13.4
16.0
13.7
14.1
14.4

5.7
5.0
5.6
6.4
5.8
5.2
5 .5
5.8

3.6
2.7
3.0
2.9
4.5
3.9
4.3
3.7

5.6
10.5
4.1
4.1
5.7
4.6
4 .2
4 .9

<♦)
(♦ )
(♦>

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

83.4
81.8
85.8
83.3
76.6
86.6
84.1
84.8
81.2

82.9
80.4
85.6
83.2
75.2
86.6
83.8
83.8
80.8

.6
1.3
.2
.1
1.4
(* )
.3
1.1
.3

16.6
18.2
14.2
16.7
23.4
13.4
15.9
15.2
18.8

6.0
7.0
5.6
6 .9
5.9
5.7
5.8
5 .5
6 .9

4.1
4.3
3.4
4.1
4.9
3 .5
4 .5
4.1
5.0

6.2
6 .9
4.7
5.7
11.6
3.9
5.5
5.6
6.9

.3
.5
<♦>
1.0
.3
<*)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85.7
84.8
86.3
85.9
86.0

85.4
84.5
85.6
85.8
85. e

.3
.3
.7
.1
.1

14.3
15.2
13.7
14.1
14.0

5.6
5.6
5.6
5 .5
5.6

3.9
4.6
3.7
3.0
3.8

4.8
4 .9
4.4
5.5
4.6

(*>
.1
<*>

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

86.3
85.1
86.9
85.1
86.3

85.7
84.0
86.2
85.1
85.8

.5
1.1
.6
(*>
.5

13.7
14.9
13.1
14.9
13.7

5.1
6.5
5 .3
6.3
4.5

3.5
3.4
2.5
3.2
4.4

5 .0
4.7
5.3
5.4
4.7

.1
.3
.1
.1
•2

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85.5
84.2
84.4
87.3
88.1
84.1
85.6
86.0
87.5

85. 1
83.6
84. 1
86. 1
87.0
82.0
85.4
85.9
87.5

.4
.4
.3
1.2
1.0
2.2
.2
(* )

14.5
15.8
15.6
12.7
11.9
15.9
14.4
14.0
12.5

5 .6
6 .0
5.9
5.3
5.4
6.8
5 .8
5 .2
4.6

3.8
4.7
4.1
3.2
2.0
3.4
4.0
4.2
3.4

4.9
4.8
5.5
4.2
4.4
5.7
4.6
4.5
4 .5

.1
.2
.2
—
—
.1
-

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85.7
82.5
85.5
79.2
88.1
87.3

83.9
79.3
83.5
74.8
87.6
86.7

1.8
3.2
2.1
4.4
.4
.6

14.3
17.5
14.5
20.8
11.9
12.7

5 .3
7 .8
5 .2
7.9
4 .4
5.0

3.8
4.1
3.8
4.9
3.3
3.6

4 .7
5.6
4.6
8.0
4.2
3-9

.6
.1
.8
<*>
.2

1 Includes military leave hours
NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal




Paid le a v e hours'
Vacations
earned

totals.

.1
•

Dash ( - ) indicates zero. Asterisk (* ) indicates less than 0. 05 per-

P ercent o f a l l pa id boara
Begiona'nd
S ta te

A l l p a id
hours

Work hours
ic t a l

S t r a ig h t tim e

P aid le a v e hours
Overtime

T o ta l

Vacations
earned

H olidays

Sick le a v e
earned

Ic iv ic and
Ip a rso n a l 1

S u ite d S ta te s —

100.0

84.9

84.1

.8

15.1

5.6

3.9

5.2

Sew England -----Connecticut —
Maine ------------M assachusetts
Hew Hampshire
Bhode I s la n d *
Verm on t---------

100.0

83.4
83.7
84.8
84.0
84.8
84.1
82.9

.7
.9
•6
1 .1
1 .6

15.9
15.4
14.6
15.4
14.7
14.8
15.5

6 *0

100.0

84.1
84.6
85.4
84.6
85.3
85.2
84.5

5.4
6 .3
5.9
5.4
5.2
5.6

3.9
4.0
3.6
4.0
3.7
3.5
4.4

5 .8
5 .3
4 .6
5.4
5 .5
5.8
5.5

M iddle A t la n t ic
Hew Jersey —
Hew York -------Pen n sylvan ia *

100.0
100.0
1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0

83.8
83.8
83.9
83.6

82.4
81.7
83.1
82.0

2 .2
.8
1 .6

16.2
16.2
16.1
16.4

5 .7
6 .5
5.9

4.2
4.1
3.9
4.5

5.3
5 .3
4.8
5.9

•6
1 .1
.8

Bast Horth C e n tra l
I l l i n o i s ------------In d ia n a --------------Michigan ------------O h i o --------------------Wisconsin ------- —

1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0
100.0

8 6 .2
8 6 .1

85.3
84.3
85.8

.9
.3
.3

13.8
15.4
13.9

87.2
88.4

8 6 .0
8 6 .2

1 .2

1 2 .8
1 1 .6

85.7

3.6
4.1
4.0
2.7
3.6
3.3

4 .8
4 .8
4 .7
5.1
4.6
4 .9

.3
.7
<♦)

8 6 .1

5.1
5 .8
5 .2
5.1
3.4
5.5

84.6
80.9
87.3
85.8
83.8
86.7
85.5
85.3

84.1
80.7
87.3
84.2
83.7

5 .6
5.1
5.0

3.9
3.0
3.1
4.5
4.3
4.1
4.1
3.5

5 .8

(♦>
(•>
•1
(♦ )
(♦>

1 0 0 .0

84.0
82.6

100.0

8 6 .1

.5
.9
.3
•6
1.3

.1
.1
.1

West Horth C e n tra l
I o w a --------------------Kansas ----------------Minnesota ----------M isso uri ------------Hebraska ------------Horth Dakota -----South Dakota ------

1 0 0 .0
100.0

100.0
1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0

100.0
1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0

100.0
100.0
1 0 0 .0

84.6

8 6 .1

85.0
85.3

South A t la n t ic —
Delaware ----------F lo r id a ------------G eorgia ------------Maryland ----------Horth C a ro lin a South C a ro lin a *
V i r g i n i a ----------West V i r g i n ia —

100.0
1 0 0 .0
100.0
10 0 .0
1 0 0 .0
100.0
100.0

84.1
77.1
87.5
84.5
85.2
80.8

83-5
81.6
85.8
83.4
75.8
87.4
84.0
84.9
80.8

B ast South C e n tra l
A labam a--------------Kentucky ------------M is s is s ip p i ------Tennessee -----------

1 0 0 .0
10 0 .0
1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0

85.2
84.8
85.6
84.7
85.3

85.1
84.8
85.5
84.6
85.1

1 0 0 .0

85.6

85.4

West South C e n tra l
Arkansas L o u isian a
Oklahoma Texas ------

100.0

100.0

8 6 .1

8 6 .1

1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0

85.7
84.9
85.7

85.C
84.8
85.6

85.5
85.9
85.0

85.0
85.3
84.6
85.9
84.6
82.6
85.2
85.1
86.4

100.0

Mountain -----Arizona —
Colorado —
Idaho -------Montana —
Hevada -----Hew Mexico
U t a h ---------Wyoming —

100.0

100.0
100.0
1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0
100.0

84.9
84.5
85.5
85.6
86.4

P a c i f i c -------Alaska -----C a lif o r n ia
Hawaii -----Oregon -----Washington

1 0 0 .0
1 0 0 .0
100.0
1 0 0 .0
100.0
100.0

85.5
84.0
85.9
79.7
86.5
85.2

1 0 0 .0

6 6 .6

84.3
82.8
84.6
78.0
8 6 .1

84.7

1 In c lu d e s m i l i t a r y l e a v e h o u r s .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m a y not




.6

.5

1.3

2.3
.5
.5
.2

<*)
1 .6
.1

.7
.5
.1

15.4
19.1
12.7
14.2
16.2
13.3
14.5
14.7

6 .0
6 .1

4 .5
6 .2
6 .0

16.0
17.4
13.9
15.9
22.9
12.5
15.5
14.8
19.2

5 .8

5 .7
5.1
5.6

.2

14.8
15.2
14.4
15.3
14.7

.2
.1
.6
.1
.1

14.4
13.9
14.3
15.1
14.3

5.3
5 .5
5 .8
6.7
4.3

.5
.7
.4

14.5
14.1
15.0
13.4
15.1
15.5
14.5
14.4
13.6

5.6
5.6
5.4
5.6
6 .4

14.5
16.0
14.1
20.3
13.5
14.8

.1

.5
.3
(♦>

(*>

.6

.3
1 .8

.3
.5
1 .1

1.3
1.3
1.7
.4
.5

t o t a ls .
equal

13.9

6 .2

cen t*

1 1 .0

4 .5
3.8
5.7
4 .7
4.1
5.0

4.0
4.5
3.2
4.2
5.2
3.4
3.9
3.9
5.2

1 1 .1

4.2
5.1
4.1
3.7
3.8

4 .9
4.9
4.6
5 .7
4 .8

3.8
3.6
2.7
5.1

5.2
4.6
5.9
5.7
4 .7

5.5
5 .0
5 .5

3.9
3.9
4.1
3.2
3.7
3.4
4.1
4.5
3.6

4.9
4.4
5 .5
4 .5
5 .0
5.8
4 .7
4.7
4.4

5.1
7 .0
4.7
7.6
5.2
5.7

3.9
3.7
4.0
4.8
3.3
4.0

4-4
5.1
3 .9
7.8
4.6
4 .9

6 .6

5.5
6 .3
6 .0

5.5
5.9
5.4
6 .8

6 .0
6 .0

6 .0

D a s h ( - ) in d ic a t e s z e r o .

2 .6

6 .0

6.4
4 .8
5 .4
3.6
5 .7
5.5
7.1

.4
.2

.7
.1
.1

!♦>
.3
<♦)

C*>

(• )
.3

.1

•2
•2
(*>
.4
<•)
.7
•1
(♦ )
(• )
.1

(♦ )
.1

C*)
(♦ )
.1
.2
.1
.2
.1

(♦ )
.1
.1

(♦ )
•3
•2
.3
.1
1 .1
•2
1 .6
•1

•4
.2

A s t e r i s k ( * ) in d ic a t e s l e s s th an 0 .0 5 p e r .

A g e n c y a n d p a id h o u r s it e m

P ercen t
o f a ll
p a id h o u r 8
in S ta te s

that
had paid
hours for
the item

P e r c e n t o f e m p lo y m e n t in S ta te g o v e rn m e n ts *

rav in g

H a v in g p a id h o u r s f o r the it e m a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l p a id h o u r s o f—

no p a id

Total

hours
for
the
item

1

Dess than
1 percent

2

— T ~

4

5“

6

T~

— 5“ “ n r - “ x r ~ n r

16

and under

rs
and

2

percent

3

4

32

13
9
-

3
51
5

6

7

16
35
48

59
6

1

_
-

5

8

10

12

14

16

18

21

1

-

1

26
.
.

23
- '
-

2

_
_
3

46
-

41

.
_

-

-

4

4

l

26
4

3
-

-

9

52
7
39

1

2

55
3
49

28

1

_

_

-

above

A l l S ta te a g e n c ie s
O v e r t i m e h o u r s —--------T o t a l p a id le a v e h o u r s - '
V a c a t io n s e a r n e d —H o lid a y s
S ic k le a v e e a r n e d C iv ic and p e r s o n a l •

1. 1
15.1
5.6 •
3.9
5.2
.4

100
100
100
100
100
100

.
7

53
-

80

36
-

19

22

9

-

-

-

-

-

40

45

.
-

21

12

2

(* )
-

69
-

13
-

-

-

.

13
13

-

-

-

-

31

51

_

12

-

6

H ig h w a y s

2 .2

O v e r t i m e h o u r s ------------T o t a l p a id le a v e h o u r s ■
V a c a tio n s e a rn e d —
H o l i d a y s ------------------- -S ic k l e a v e e a r n e d —
C iv ic and p e rs o n a l -

14.9
5.7
3.8
5.1
.5

O v e r t i m e h o u r s ----------- T o t a l p a id l e a v e h o u r s
V a c a tio n s e a rn e d —
H o l i d a y s ---------------------S ic k l e a v e e a r n e d —
C i v i c an d p e r s o n a l ■

100
100
100
100
100
100

15.4
5.7
3.9
5.4
.4

1 .0

N O T E : D e t a i l m a y not a d d to t o t a ls d u e to ro u n d in g .
A s t e r i s k ( * ) i n d ic a t e s l e s s t h a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .




100
100
100
100
100
100

3

D a s h ( - ) in d ic a t e s z e r o .

.

18

-

34
9

2

18
38
44

2

1

-

16
50
31

-

34
4

24

45

-

-

1

-

-

13
-

9

-

-

1

20

41

28

9

_

_

_

_

_

4

-

-

-

.

-

1

11

(* )

-




Service in excess of—
Number of days of annual leave
earned each year

1 year

2 years

10 years
15 years
20 years
25 years
Percent
Pe rcent
Number
Number
Number Percent Numbe r Percent Number Per c ent Number Percent
of
of
of
of
of
of
of
of
of
of
of
of
employ­
employ­
employ­
employ­
States
States
States employ-- States
States employ­ States
ment
ment
ment
ment
ment
ment

T o t a l----------------------------------

50

100. 0

50

100. 0

50

100. 0

50

100. 0

50

100. 0

50

100. 0

5 - 9 . 9 d a y s --------------------------------10 - 11.9 d a y s -----------------------------12 - 12. 9 d a y s -----------------------------13 - 13. 9 d a y s -----------------------------14 - 14. 9 d a y s -----------------------------1 5 -1 5 .9 d a y s -----------------------------16 - 16.9 d a y s -----------------------------17 - 17.9 days -----------------------------18 - 18.9 d a y s -----------------------------19 - 19-9 d a y s -----------------------------20 - 20.9 d a y s -----------------------------21 - 21.9 d a y s -----------------------------22 - 23.9 d a y s -----------------------------24 - 24. 9 d a y s -----------------------------25 and o v e r ----------------------------------

1
9
18
5
1
10
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

1. 3
29. 1
26.9
9. 7
8.9
23. 5
0
0
0
0
0
.6
0
0
0

0
3
5
2
0
32
1
0
5
0
0
1
0
1
0

0
8.8
9. 1
2. 5
0
60. 5
1. 7
0
16. 4
0
0
.6
0
.5
0

0
1
0
1
0
18
1
2
17
0
4
4
1
0
1

0
4. 5
0
1.8
0
36. 4
1. 7
11. 0
20. 1
0
15.8
6. 5
1. 7
0
.5

0
0
0
0
0
11
1
1
10
2
9
13
1
1
1

0
0
0
0
0
21. 4
1. 7
1. 4
17. 3
11. 0
30. 4
13.0
1. 7
1. 5
.5

0
0
0
0
0
6
2
0
6
1
13
14
1
5
2

0
0
0
0
0
8. 1
3. 6
0
11. 7
7. 7
33. 3
26.0
1. 7
5. 2
2. 6

0
0
0
0
0
5
1
0
6
0
15
12
1
7
3

0
0
0
0
0
6. 0
1. 7
0
11. 7
0
43. 3
15. 4
8.9
8. 7
4. 2

Weighted average of number of
days e a rn e d -------------------------------

12.4

14.8

17. 0

18. 7

19.8

20. 3

NOTE: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

Table 2 0 .

Distribution of employment and States by type of insurance program, 1972
A ll States with plans
Program

Number
of
States

Percent
of
employment

Contributory1
Number
of
States

Percent
of
employment

Noncontributory1
2
Number
of
States

Percent
of
employment

R etirem ent-------------------- ---- ----------

50

100. 0

49

91. 1

1

8.9

Medical/hospitalization
insurance -----------------------------------

40

82. 9

22

39-6

18

43. 3

Group life insurance---------------------

31

64. 5

27

57. 3

4

7. 2

Disability income (nonoccupational
sickness and accident)
insurance------------------------------------

9

18. 3

4

9. 1

5

9. 2

1 Both the State government and its employ­
ees share in the financing of the program.
2 The State government assumes full financ­
ing of the program.

Sources: Bureau of the Census, Council of
State Governments, and offices of individual States
sponsoring programs.




Table 21. Compensation structure of State and Federal governments and
private industry
Government
Compensation item

State.

Private nonfarm economy

Federal1

fis c a l year Fiscal year
1972
1973

Comparison
fram e1
2
Calenclar year
1972

Total

100. 0

100.0

100. 0

100. 0

74.9
74. 3
.5
.4
.2

73.7
71.6
2. 1
1.6
.5

80. 5
78. 5
2.0
1.8
.3

77. 4
74. 8
2. 6
2. 1
.5

Pay for leave time (except sick leave)3 Vacations4---------------------------------------Holidays Civic and personal le a v e ----

8.9
5. 1
3.4
.4

10. 1
6. 7
2. 7
.7

5. 6
3. 3
2.0
.1

7. 0
4. 1
2. 5
.2

Retirement program s------Social Security and railroad retirement ■
Other plans--------------------------------------------

9. 1
3. 0
6. 1

10.6
.2
10. 4

7.0
3. 7
3. 3

8.0
3.6
4. 5

Health and insurance program s3 Life, accident, and health insurance •
W orkers’ compensation--------------------Sick leave4 ---------------------------------------

6.8
1.6
.5
4. 7

5. 2
1.9
.5
2.8

4. 7
3.0
.7
•9

5. 4
3.9
.6
•9

Unemployment programs Unemployment insurance Severance payUnemployment benefit funds -

.2
.1
(*)
( 5)

.4
.3
.1
(5)

1.0
.9
.1
.1

1. 1
.8
.l

.1

.1

1.0

.7

(5)

(5)

.2

.3

Total compensation
Pay for working time
Straight-time pay —
Premium payOvertime, weekends, and holieay work
Shift differentials----------------------------------

Nonproduction bonuses (includes awards) ■
Savings and thrift plans---- ----------------------1 Data provided by the Civil Service Commis­
sion and Office of Management and Budget.
2 Data relate to establishments in the United
States (except Alaska and Hawaii) having the indicated
minimum employment size in the following indus­
tries: Manufacturing— 250; retail trade— 250; trans­
portation, communication, electric, gas, and sani­
tary services— 100; wholesale trade— 100; engi­
neering and architectural services— 100; commer­
cial research and development laboratories— 100;
finance, insurance and real estate— 100. These are
characteristics of establishments included in the BLS
national survey of professional, administrative,
technical, and clerical pay (PAT C survey), which is

-1

conducted to provide data for pay comparisons be­
tween private industry and the Federal Government.
3 Includes items in addition to those shown
separately.
4 Annual and sick leave reported as earned in
State governments, and as used in the Federal Govern­
ment and private sector.
5 No such program in the State and Federal
Governments.
NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual
items may not equal totals. Asterisk (*) indicates
less than 0. 05 percent.

Appendix: Survey Methods and Definitions of Terms
Scope of the survey

The survey covered State government agencies (except
those in higher education), which employed 10 workers or
more.1 These agencies accounted for 95 percent of all
employment and 98 percent of gross payrolls.2 Data relate
to fiscal year 1972 and are limited to outlays by State
government for the compensation of employees and the
hours paid for, including working hours and leave time.
Methods of collection and processing

Data were collected by the Bureau of the Census in
conjunction with its Quinquennial Census of Governments.
Data on fiscal year payrolls, and on full-time and part-time
employment and payrolls for the pay period including
October 15, 1972, were obtained from regular Census of
Government returns from each government agency. Addi­
tional data required for this study were obtained from
approximately 2,600 data collection forms mailed to State
agencies and completed by them.
The information provided on these forms included fiscal
year data on outlays by the State on behalf of its
employees for social security, State retirement plans,
unemployment insurance, workers’ compensation, life, sick­
ness, and accident, and health insurance, and nonproduc­
tion bonuses such as special awards for outstanding
performance, prizes under suggestion programs, and for
length of service. The forms also provided annual or fiscal
year data on total paid hours, hours and pay for holiday
leave, overtime hours and pay (straight-time and pre­
miums), and premiums for holiday, weekend, and late-shift
work. Information on hours and pay for earned sick and
vacation leave and for civic and personal leave taken were
obtained for the pay period including October 15. These
were adjusted to annual rates, and related to annual hours
and payroll. This procedure differed from the one used in
the Bureau’s studies of compensation in private industry, in
which actual hours and pay for leave are collected for the
year, and was necessary because many States were unable
to report these data for the year. Otherwise, the definitions
and techniques of measuring compensation and its com­
ponents were the same as those which the Bureau uses for
its studies of compensation in private industry.
All returned data collection forms were reviewed by BLS
staff for completeness, reasonableness, and consistency.
Problems relating to the reporting of data were resolved




primarily through telephone calls to appropriate State
officials. If data were not available from the reporting
agency, they were estimated on the basis of data reported
by other agencies of similar size and function within the
State. Forms for a few smaller units were eliminated
because gaps and inconsistencies in the data could not be
resolved or eliminated by these methods.
Data on compensation of employees in educational
institutions were collected. However, because of technical
problems with the reported information, it was not possible
to include data for this function in this study. Data on
policies and practices were gathered from State laws,
publications of the Council of State Governments, and the
files of the Governments Division of the Bureau of the
Census. Data on paid hours in the Federal Government
were taken from the publication of the U.S. Office of
Management and Budget, Manyears and Personnel Costs in
the Executive Branch o f the Federal Government, Fiscal
Year 1972. Leave data reported on a calendar year basis
were adjusted to a fiscal year basis by averaging the
appropriate successive years. Data on compensation in the
Federal Government were reported by the U.S. Office of
Management and Budget. Data on private sector compensa­
tion and hours are from Employee Compensation in the
Private Nonfarm Economy, 1972, Bulletin 1873 (Bureau of
Labor Statistics, 1975).
Method of computation and tabulation

All tables for this study are presented in percentages or
dollars per hour. The proportion of total compensation
accounted for by an item is expressed in two ways:
Aggregate expenditures for the item as a percent of
aggregate expenditures for compensation in (1) all establish­
ments, or (2) only establishments that had expenditures for
the item. Similarly, dollars per hour expenditures for an
item are derived by dividing aggregate expenditures for the
item by hours (either worked or paid for) in all establish­
ments and in only those that had expenditures for the item.
Dollars per hour expenditures are outlays for the item
divided by the total hours of all agencies, or the aggregate
hours of only those that reported expenditures.
Definitions o f terms

Compensation is the sum of payments subject to Federal
withholding taxes, made to State government employees

before deductions of any type, and outlays by State
governments for legally required or State instituted insur­
ance and other benefit programs for employees.
Wages and salaries include all payments reported on IRS
W-2 forms. They consist of pay for working time; pay for
vacations and/or annual leave, holidays, sick leave, and
personal, civic, and military leave; severance pay; and
nonproduction bonuses.
Supplements to wages and salaries consist of State
government contributions to retirement programs (includ­
ing direct pay for pensioners under pay-as-you-go plans),
social security, life insurance and health benefit programs
(except sick leave), and unemployment benefit programs
(except severance pay).

Straight-time pay includes pay for regular straight-time
hours and straight-time pay for overtime but excludes all
premium pay.
Paid hours consist of time worked, time spent at the
workplace which is not worked but is paid for (e.g., rest
periods and coffee breaks) and time spent on paid leave
from the place of work.
Work hours consist of all paid hours except time spent
on paid leave away from the workplace.
Employees include all workers employed by the State,
whether full time or part time, permanent or otherwise,
except members of State legislatures and certain appointed
or elected officials such as judges and members of certain
State boards and commissions.

FOOTNOTES TO APPENDIX
‘ Local school employees in Alaska, Hawaii, and Maine also were
excluded, as were employees in Puerto Rico and the District of
Columbia.




2In cases where data were centrally reported, information on
agencies with fewer than 10 employees was included.

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