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Technical information: (202) 691-7705 • ppi-info@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/ppi
Media contact:
(202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov

USDL 22-0621

PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES – MARCH 2022
The Producer Price Index for final demand increased 1.4 percent in March, seasonally adjusted, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. This rise followed advances of 0.9 percent in February and 1.2
percent in January. (See table A.) On an unadjusted basis, final demand prices moved up 11.2 percent for the
12 months ended in March, the largest increase since 12-month data were first calculated in November 2010.
In March, the rise in the index for final demand was led by a 2.3-percent advance in prices for final demand
goods. The index for final demand services increased 0.9 percent.
Prices for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services moved up 0.9 percent in March, the largest
advance since rising 1.0 percent in January 2021. For the 12 months ended in March, the index for final
demand less foods, energy, and trade services increased 7.0 percent.
Chart 1. One-month percent changes in selected PPI final demand price indexes, seasonally adjusted
Percent change
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
-0.5
Mar'21

Apr

May

June

July

Final demand

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Final demand goods

Dec

Jan

Feb

Mar'22

Final demand services

Chart 2. Twelve-month percent changes in selected PPI final demand price indexes, not seasonally adjusted
Percent change
16.0
12.0
8.0
4.0
0.0
Mar'21

Apr

May

June
Final demand

July

Aug

Sep

Final demand goods

Oct

Nov

Dec

Jan

Final demand services

Feb

Mar'22

Final Demand
Final demand goods: The index for final demand goods rose 2.3 percent in March, the same as in February.
Over half of the broad-based advance in March can be traced to a 5.7-percent jump in prices for final demand
energy. The indexes for final demand goods less foods and energy and for final demand foods also moved
higher, 1.1 percent and 2.4 percent, respectively.
Product detail: Leading the March increase in the index for final demand goods, diesel fuel prices jumped
20.4 percent. The indexes for gasoline, fresh and dry vegetables, jet fuel, iron and steel scrap, and electric
power also moved higher. In contrast, prices for beef and veal fell 7.3 percent. The indexes for natural gas
and for cold rolled steel sheet and strip also declined. (See table 2.)
Final demand services: Prices for final demand services moved up 0.9 percent in March following a 0.3percent increase in February. Over 40 percent of the March advance can be traced to a 1.2-percent rise in
margins for final demand trade services. (Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers
and retailers.) Prices for final demand transportation and warehousing services and for final demand services
less trade, transportation, and warehousing also moved higher, climbing 5.5 percent and 0.3 percent,
respectively.
Product detail: A 22.7-percent jump in margins for fuels and lubricants retailing was a major factor in the
March advance in prices for final demand services. The indexes for truck transportation of freight; traveler
accommodation services; airline passenger services; inpatient care; and hardware, building materials, and
supplies retailing also increased. Conversely, prices for securities brokerage, dealing, and investment advice
decreased 5.4 percent. The indexes for portfolio management and for automobile retailing (partial) also
moved lower.

2

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type
Within intermediate demand in March, prices for processed goods rose 2.1 percent, the index for
unprocessed goods declined 1.4 percent, and prices for services advanced 0.6 percent. (See tables B and C.)
Processed goods for intermediate demand: The index for processed goods for intermediate demand
increased 2.1 percent in March after rising 1.5 percent in February. Over 60 percent of the broad-based
advance in March can be attributed to prices for processed energy goods, which moved up 6.4 percent. The
indexes for processed materials less foods and energy and for processed foods and feeds also increased, 0.8
percent and 2.0 percent, respectively. For the 12 months ended in March, prices for processed goods for
intermediate demand jumped 21.7 percent.
Product detail: A major factor in the March increase in prices for processed goods for intermediate demand
was the index for jet fuel, which jumped 23.0 percent. Prices for diesel fuel, industrial chemicals, nonferrous
metals, gasoline, and prepared animal feeds also advanced. In contrast, the index for utility natural gas fell
8.6 percent. Prices for cold rolled steel sheet and strip and for beef and veal also declined.
Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand: Prices for unprocessed goods for intermediate demand
decreased 1.4 percent in March after increasing 13.0 percent in February. The decline in March can be traced
to the index for unprocessed energy materials, which fell 11.2 percent. Conversely, prices for unprocessed
nonfood materials less energy and for unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs moved higher, 9.5 percent and
5.2 percent, respectively. For the 12 months ended in March, the index for unprocessed goods for
intermediate demand jumped 40.8 percent.
Product detail: Leading the March decline in the index for unprocessed goods for intermediate demand,
natural gas prices dropped 30.1 percent. The indexes for raw milk, slaughter barrows and gilts, slaughter
steers and heifers, hides and skins, and raw cotton also moved lower. In contrast, prices for iron and steel
scrap jumped 27.6 percent. The indexes for crude petroleum and for corn also increased.

3

Services for intermediate demand: The index for services for intermediate demand increased 0.6 percent in
March after no change in February. Seventy percent of the March advance can be attributed to a 1.9-percent
rise in margins for trade services for intermediate demand. The index for transportation and warehousing
services for intermediate demand moved up 2.0 percent. Conversely, prices for services less trade,
transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand edged down 0.1 percent. For the 12 months ended
in March, the index for services for intermediate demand jumped 7.4 percent.
Product detail: A major factor in the March increase in prices for services for intermediate demand was a
6.7-percent jump in margins for paper and plastics products wholesaling. The indexes for truck transportation
of freight; fuels and lubricants retailing; hardware, building materials, and supplies retailing; airline
passenger services; and traveler accommodation services also moved higher. In contrast, prices for securities
brokerage, dealing, and investment advice fell 5.4 percent. The indexes for chemicals and allied products
wholesaling and for arrangement of freight and cargo transportation also declined.

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow
Stage 4 intermediate demand: Prices for stage 4 intermediate demand advanced 0.8 percent in March
following a 0.5-percent rise in February. In March, the index for total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate
demand increased 1.4 percent, and prices for total services inputs moved up 0.2 percent. Advances in the
indexes for diesel fuel, grains, paper and plastics products wholesaling, truck transportation of freight,
nonferrous metals, and gasoline outweighed decreases in prices for securities brokerage, dealing, and
investment advice; utility natural gas; and portfolio management. For the 12 months ended in March, the
index for stage 4 intermediate demand jumped 11.8 percent.

4

Stage 3 intermediate demand: The index for stage 3 intermediate demand rose 2.3 percent in March, the
largest increase since advancing 2.4 percent in May 2021. In March, prices for total goods inputs to stage 3
intermediate demand moved up 3.6 percent, and the index for total services inputs rose 0.8 percent.
Advances in prices for diesel fuel, slaughter poultry, grains, jet fuel, truck transportation of freight, and
industrial chemicals outweighed decreases in the indexes for raw milk, cold rolled steel sheet and strip, and
deposit services (partial). For the 12 months ended in March, prices for stage 3 intermediate demand jumped
19.0 percent.
Stage 2 intermediate demand: The index for stage 2 intermediate demand moved down 1.2 percent in
March after increasing 5.6 percent in February. In March, prices for total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate
demand declined 3.1 percent. Conversely, the index for total services inputs rose 0.8 percent. Falling prices
for natural gas; deposit services (partial); utility natural gas; cold rolled steel sheet and strip; securities
brokerage, dealing, and investment advice; and arrangement of freight and cargo transportation outweighed
advances in the indexes for fuels and lubricants retailing, crude petroleum, and iron and steel scrap. For the
12 months ended in March, prices for stage 2 intermediate demand jumped 20.5 percent.
Stage 1 intermediate demand: The index for stage 1 intermediate demand increased 2.1 percent in March,
the largest rise since advancing 2.6 percent in May 2021. In March, prices for total goods inputs to stage 1
intermediate demand moved up 3.0 percent, and the index for total services inputs climbed 1.1 percent.
Advances in the indexes for diesel fuel; grains; iron and steel scrap; traveler accommodation services;
industrial chemicals; and hardware, building materials, and supplies retailing outweighed decreasing prices
for utility natural gas; securities brokerage, dealing, and investment advice; and cold rolled steel sheet and
strip. For the 12 months ended in March, the index for stage 1 intermediate demand jumped 16.4 percent.

________________
The Producer Price Index for April 2022 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, May 12, 2022,
at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
5

Technical Note
from the Benchmark Input-Output Accounts of the U.S. In
many cases, the same commodity is purchased by different
types of buyers. As a result, commodities are often included
in several FD-ID indexes. For example, regular gasoline is
purchased for personal consumption, export, government use,
and business use. The PPI program publishes only one
commodity index for regular gasoline (wpu057104), reflecting
sales to all types of buyers, and this index is used in all
aggregations regardless of whether the gasoline is sold for
personal consumption, as an export, to government, or to
businesses. Proportions based on BEA “Use of Commodities”
data are used to allocate the correct portion of the total weight
of gasoline to each use category. In cases when buyer type is
an important price determining characteristic, indexes are
created based on specific buyer type. For example, within the
PPI category for loan services, separate indexes for consumer
loans and business loans were constructed. For more
information relating to the FD-ID structure, see “A new,
experimental system of indexes from the PPI program” in the
February 2011 Monthly Labor Review.

Brief Explanation of Producer Price Indexes
The Producer Price Index (PPI) of the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) is a family of indexes that measures the
average change over time in prices received (price changes) by
producers for domestically produced goods, services, and
construction. PPIs measure price change from the perspective
of the seller. This contrasts with other measures, such as the
Consumer Price Index (CPI). CPIs measure price change
from the purchaser’s perspective.
More than 10,000 PPIs for individual products and groups
of products are released each month. PPIs are available for the
products of virtually every industry in the mining and
manufacturing sectors. Over time, new PPIs have been
introduced for products of industries in the services and
construction sectors of the U.S. economy. As of January 2018,
the PPI covered 71 percent of services as measured by 2012
Census revenue, and 31 percent of construction.
More than 100,000 price quotations per month are
organized into three sets of PPIs: (1) Final demandIntermediate demand (FD-ID) indexes, (2) commodity
indexes, and (3) indexes for the net output of industries and
their products. The FD-ID structure organizes products by
class of buyer and degree of fabrication as well as by stage of
production. The commodity structure organizes products by
similarity of end use or product type. The entire output of
various industries is sampled to derive price indexes for the
net output of industries and their products.

Final Demand: The final demand portion of the FD-ID
structure measures price change for commodities sold for
personal consumption, capital investment, government, and
export. The system is composed of six main price indexes:
final demand goods; final demand trade services; final demand
transportation and warehousing services; final demand
services less trade, transportation, and warehousing; final
demand construction; and overall final demand.
The final demand goods index measures price change for
both unprocessed and processed goods sold to final demand.
Fresh fruits sold to consumers and computers sold for capital
investment are examples of transactions included in the final
demand goods price index. The final demand trade services
index measures price change for the retailing and wholesaling
of merchandise sold to final demand, generally without
transformation. (Trade indexes measure changes in margins
received by wholesalers and retailers.) The final demand
transportation and warehousing services index tracks price
change for transportation of passengers, as well as,
transportation of cargo sold to final demand, and also includes
prices for warehousing and storage of goods sold to final
demand. The final demand services less trade, transportation,
and warehousing index measures price change for all services
other than trade and transportation sold to final demand.
Publishing, banking, lodging, and health care are examples of
these services. The final demand construction index tracks
price change for new construction, as well as maintenance and
repair construction sold to final demand. Construction of
office buildings is an example of a commodity that would be
included in the final demand construction index. Lastly, the
overall final demand index tracks price change for all types of
commodities sold to final demand by combining the five final
demand component indexes described above.

Final Demand–Intermediate Demand
Indexes
The PPI FD-ID structure measures price change for
goods, services, and construction sold to final demand and to
intermediate demand. The FD-ID system replaced the PPI
stage-of-processing (SOP) system as PPI’s primary
aggregation model with the release of data for January 2014.
The FD-ID model expands coverage beyond that of the SOP
system through the addition of services, construction, exports,
and government purchases.
Compared with finished goods under the SOP system, the
PPI for final demand goods includes nearly a 50 percent
expansion of coverage. This increase can be traced to the
addition of government purchases and exports. For overall
final demand, expansion to include final demand services
represents an even larger increase in coverage. In December
2017, final demand goods were about 33 percent of overall
final demand, final demand services were roughly 65.5
percent, and final demand construction was about 1.5 percent
of final demand. Within intermediate demand, coverage of
services for intermediate demand resulted in about a 45
percent increase in coverage of the intermediate demand
portion of the economy.
FD-ID indexes are constructed from commodity-based
producer output price indexes. Commodities are allocated to
aggregate indexes primarily based on the type of buyer. The
main source of data used to determine the type of buyer is the
“Use of commodities by industries, before redefinition,” table

Intermediate Demand: The intermediate demand portion of
the FD-ID system tracks price change for goods, services, and
construction products sold to businesses as inputs to
6

intermediate demand index, for example, tracks price change
for inputs consumed, but not produced, by industries included
in the fourth stage of production. Hence, the index tracks
price change in inputs to industries that primarily produce
final demand commodities (stage 4 producers primarily
produce commodities sold to final demand).
Examples of heavily weighted goods-producing industries
in stage 4 include the manufacture of light trucks and utility
vehicles, automobiles, and pharmaceuticals. Retail trade, food
service and drinking places, and hospitals are examples of
heavily weighted service industries included in stage 4. Stage
4 also includes all new construction industries. Examples of
goods consumed by stage 4 industries include motor vehicle
parts, commercial electric power, plastic construction
products, biological products, and beef and veal. Engineering
services, machinery and equipment wholesaling, long distance
motor carrying, and legal services constitute examples of
services consumed by stage 4 industries.
Examples of highly weighted goods-producing industries
included in stage 3 are motor vehicle parts manufacturing,
animal (except poultry) slaughtering and processing, and
semiconductor manufacturing. Services industries classified
in stage 3 include wholesale trade; insurance carriers;
architecture, engineering, and related services; and hotels and
motels. Examples of goods consumed by stage 3 industries
include slaughter steers and heifers, industrial electric power,
and hot rolled steel bars, plates, and structural shapes.
Services commonly consumed by stage 3 industries include
commissions from sales of property and casualty insurance,
business loans, temporary help services, and administrative
and general management consulting services.
Petroleum refineries; electricity generation, transmission,
and distribution; natural gas distribution; cattle ranching and
farming; and plastic materials and resin manufacturing are
among the goods-based industries assigned to stage 2.
Services industries that are heavily weighted in stage 2 include
management of companies and enterprises; non-depository
credit intermediation; insurance agencies and brokerages; and
services to buildings and dwellings. Goods commonly
purchased by stage 2 industries include crude oil, natural gas,
formula feeds, and primary basic organic chemicals. Services
that are heavily weighted in the intermediate demand stage 2
index are legal services, business loans, and cellular phone and
other wireless telecommunication.
Goods producing industries in stage 1 include oil and gas
extraction, paper mills, and grain farming. Real estate, legal
services, and advertising services are examples of highly
weighted services industries included in stage 1. Examples of
goods consumed by stage 1 industries are commercial and
industrial electric power and gasoline. Services commonly
consumed by stage 1 industries include solid waste collection,
chemicals and allied products wholesaling, and guestroom or
unit rental. It should be noted that all inputs purchased by
stage 1 industries are by definition produced either within
stage 1 or by latter stages of processing, leaving stage 1 less
useful for price transmission analysis. For additional
information
on
industry
stage
assignments,
see
www.bls.gov/ppi/fd-id/ppi-intermediate-demand-byproduction-flow-industry-stage-assignments.htm.

production, excluding capital investment. The system includes
two parallel treatments of intermediate demand. The first
treatment organizes intermediate demand commodities by
type. The second organizes intermediate demand commodities
into production stages, with the explicit goal of developing a
forward-flow model of production and price change.
The intermediate demand by commodity type portion of
the system organizes commodities by similarity of product.
The system is composed of six main price indexes:
unprocessed goods for intermediate demand; processed goods
for intermediate demand; intermediate demand trade services;
intermediate demand transportation and warehousing services;
intermediate demand services less trade, transportation, and
warehousing; and intermediate demand construction.
The unprocessed goods for intermediate demand price
index measures price change for goods sold to businesses as
inputs to production that have undergone no fabrication. Crude
petroleum sold to refineries is an example of an unprocessed
good sold to intermediate demand. The processed goods for
intermediate demand index tracks price change for fabricated
goods sold as business inputs. Examples include car parts sold
to car manufacturers and gasoline sold to trucking companies.
The index for trade services for intermediate demand
measures price change for the services of retailing and
wholesaling goods purchased by businesses as inputs to
production. The intermediate demand transportation and
warehousing services index measures price change for
business travel, as well as, transportation and warehousing of
cargo sold to intermediate demand. The intermediate demand
services less trade, transportation, and warehousing index
measures price change for services other than trade,
transportation, and warehousing sold as inputs to production.
Legal and accounting services purchased by businesses are
examples of intermediate demand services excluding trade,
transportation, and warehousing. Finally, the construction for
intermediate demand index measures price change for
construction purchased by firms as inputs to production. The
index for construction for intermediate demand tracks price
change for maintenance and repair construction purchased by
firms.
The production flow treatment of intermediate demand is
a stage-based system of price indexes. These indexes can be
used to study price transmission across stages of production
and final demand. This system is constructed in a manner that
maximizes forward flow of production between stages, while
minimizing back-flow of production. The production flow
treatment contains four main indexes: intermediate demand
stage 1, intermediate demand stage 2, intermediate demand
stage 3, and intermediate demand stage 4.
Indexes for the four stages were developed by first
assigning each industry in the economy to one of four stages
of production, where industries assigned to the fourth stage
primarily produce output consumed as final demand,
industries in the third stage primarily produce output
consumed by stage 4 industries, industries assigned to the
second stage primarily produce output consumed by stage 3
industries, and industries assigned to the first stage produce
output primarily consumed by stage 2 industries. The four
indexes then track prices for the net inputs consumed by
industries in each of the four stages of production. The stage 4
7

Comparing the PPI with CPI

addition, most industries have secondary product indexes that
show changes in prices received by establishments for
products chiefly made in some other industry. Some industries
have miscellaneous receipts indexes that track price changes
for other sources of revenue received by establishments within
the industry that are not derived from sales of their products;
for example, resales of purchased materials, or revenues from
parking lots owned by a manufacturing plant.

Although some data users utilize the PPI as a potential
indicator of the Consumer Price Index (CPI), there are many
reasons why the PPI and the CPI may diverge. The scope of
the personal consumption portion of the PPI includes all
marketable output sold by domestic producers for households.
The scope of the CPI includes goods and services provided by
business or government, where explicit user charges are paid
by consumers. For example, the most heavily weighted item in
the CPI, owners’ equivalent rent, is excluded from the PPI.
The scope of the CPI includes imports. The PPI excludes
imports. The CPI only includes components of personal
consumption directly paid for by the consumers, while the PPI
includes components of personal consumption that may not be
paid for by consumers. For example, the PPI includes medical
services paid for by third parties. In contrast to CPI, PPI does
not completely cover services. PPIs exclude taxes, since they
do not represent producer revenue. Conversely, sales and other
taxes paid by consumers are part of household expenditure and
are included in the CPI. Additional technical differences
between PPI and CPI also exist. For more information see
“Comparing new final demand producer price indexes with
other Government price indexes,” Monthly Labor Review,
January 2014, at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/.

Data Collection
PPIs are constructed using selling prices reported by
establishments of all sizes, selected by probability sampling,
with the probability of selection proportionate to size.
Individual items and transaction terms also are chosen by
probability proportionate to size. BLS strongly encourages
cooperating companies to supply actual transaction prices at
the time of shipment to minimize the use of list prices. Prices
submitted by survey respondents are effective on the Tuesday
of the week containing the 13th day of the month. The survey
is conducted online via the BLS Internet Data Collection
Facility (IDCF).
Price data are provided on a voluntary and confidential
basis; only sworn BLS employees are allowed access to
individual company price reports. BLS publishes price
indexes instead of actual prices. All PPIs are subject to
monthly revisions up to 4 months after original publication to
reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by
respondents.
BLS periodically updates the PPI sample of survey
respondents to better reflect current conditions when the
structure, membership, technology, or product mix of an
industry shifts significantly and to spread reporting burden
among smaller firms. Information on these resampling efforts
are noted in the PPI News Release and PPI Detailed Report in
the months they occur.
As part of an ongoing effort to expand coverage to sectors
of the economy other than mining and manufacturing, an
increasing number of service and construction sector
industries have been introduced into the PPI. The following
list of industries introduced since the mid-1990s includes the
month and year in which an article describing the industry’s
content appeared in the PPI Detailed Report.

Commodity Indexes
The commodity classification of the PPI organizes goods,
services, and construction by similarity of product or end use,
disregarding industry of origin. With the release of data for
July 2009, PPI expanded its commodity structure to include
indexes for services and construction products. Prior to this
date, the PPI commodity structure only included products
from goods producing sectors. Table 9 of the PPI Detailed
Report includes data for commodity indexes, organized in a
hierarchal structure, including major groupings, subgroups,
product classes, sub-product classes, and individual items.

Industry Net-Output Price Indexes
PPIs for the net output of industries and their products are
grouped according to the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS). Prior to the release of
January 2004, industry-based PPIs were published according
to the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system.
Industry price indexes are compatible with other economic
time series organized by industry, such as data on
employment, wages, and productivity. Table 11 of the PPI
Detailed Report includes data for NAICS industries and
industry groups (3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-digit codes), Census product
classes (7- and 8-digit codes), products (9-digit codes), more
detailed sub-products (11-digit codes), and, for some
industries, indexes for other sources of revenue.
Indexes may represent one of three kinds of product
categories. Every industry has primary product indexes that
show changes in prices received by establishments classified
in the industry for products made primarily, but not
necessarily exclusively, by that industry. The industry
classification of an establishment is determined by which
products make up a plurality of its total shipment value. In

Service and construction sector industries introduced into the
Producer Price Index, by SIC or NAICS code and the PPI Detailed
Report that announces their introduction
PPI Detailed
Title
Code
Report Issue
SIC

8

Wireless telecommunications ………….

4812

July 1999

Telephone communications, except
radio telephone ………………………….
Television broadcasting ………………..

4813
4833

July 1995
July 2002

Grocery stores …………………………..

5411

July 2000

Meat and fish (seafood) markets ……...

5421

July 2000

Fruit and vegetable markets …………...

5431

July 2000

Candy, nut, and confectionery stores …

5441

July 2000

Retail bakeries …………………………..

5461

July 2000

Miscellaneous food stores ……………..

5499

July 2000

Title

Code

PPI Detailed
Report Issue

Title

Code

SIC

PPI Detailed
Report Issue

NAICS

New car dealers …………………………

5511

July 2000

Management consulting services ……...

541610

January 2007

Gasoline service stations ………………

5541

January 2002

Security guards and patrol services …...

561612

July 2005

Boat dealers ……………………………..

5551

January 2002

Offices of dentists ………………………..

621210

January 2011

Recreational vehicle dealers …………..

5561

January 2002

Blood and organ banks …………………

621991

January 2007

Miscellaneous retail …………………….

59

January 2001

Amusement and theme parks ………….

713110

July 2006

Security brokers, dealers, and
investment bankers ……………………..
Investment advice ………………………

6211
6282

January 2001
January 2003

Golf courses and country clubs ………..

713910

July 2006

Fitness and recreational sports centers .

713940

July 2005

Life insurance carriers ………………….

6311

January 1999

Property and casualty insurance ………

6331

July 1998

Commercial machinery repair and
maintenance……………………………...

811310

July 2007

Insurance agencies and brokerages ….

6412

January 2003

Operators and lessors of nonresidential
buildings ………………………………….
Real estate agents and managers …….

Weights

6512
6531

January 1996
January 1996

Concrete contractors, nonresidential
building work …………………………….
Roofing contractors, nonresidential
building work …………………………….
Electrical contractors, nonresidential
building work …………………………….
Plumbing / HVAC contractors,
nonresidential building work ..………….
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods ..

23821X

July 2008

23822X
423

July 2008
July 2005

Merchant wholesalers, nondurable
goods ……………………………………..
Electronics and appliance stores ……...

424
443

July 2005
January 2004

444

January 2004

Weights for most commodity groupings of the PPI, as
well as, weights for commodity-based aggregate indexes
calculated from commodity groupings, such as FD-ID indexes,
currently reflect 2012 values of shipments as reported in the
Census of Manufactures and other sources. From January
2012 to December 2017, PPI weights were derived from 2007
shipment values. Industry indexes now are calculated under
the 2017 NAICS structure utilizing 2012 value of shipment
weights and 2007 net output ratios. The periodic update of the
value weights used to calculate the PPI is done to more
accurately reflect changes in production and marketing
patterns in the economy.
Net output values of shipments are used as weights for
industry indexes. Net output values refer to the value of
shipments from establishments within the industry to buyers
outside the industry. However, weights for commodity indexes
are based on gross shipment values, including values of
shipments between establishments within the same industry.
As a result, broad commodity grouping indexes, such as the
PPI for All Commodities (which is composed of major
commodity groupings 01 through 15), are affected by the
multiple counting of price change at successive stages of
processing, which can lead to exaggerated or misleading
signals about inflation. The intermediate demand by
commodity type FD-ID indexes partially correct for this
defect, but industry indexes, final demand FD-ID indexes, and
intermediate demand by production flow FD-ID indexes
consistently correct for this at all levels of aggregation.
Therefore, industry and FD-ID indexes are more appropriate
than broad commodity groupings for analysis of general price
trends.

451
452

January 2004
January 2004

Price Index Reference Base

Miscellaneous store retailers …………..

453

January 2004

Internet service providers ……………….

518111

July 2005

Internet publishing and web search
portals ………………..…………………...
Commercial banking …………………….

519130
522110

January 2010
January 2005

Savings institutions ……………………...

522120

January 2005

524114

July 2004

532412

January 2005

Prepackaged software ………………….

7372

January 1998

Data processing services ………………

7374

January 2002

Home health care services …………….

8082

January 1997

Legal services …………………………...

8111

January 1997

8711

January 1997

8712

January 1997

9331

July 1998

Engineering design, analysis, and
consulting services ……………………..
Architectural design, analysis, and
consulting services ……………………...
Premiums for property and casualty
insurance ………………………………...

NAICS
New Industrial building construction …..

236211

January 2008

New warehouse building construction ..

236221

July 2005

New school construction ……………….

236222

July 2006

New office construction ………………...

236223

January 2007

New health care building construction...

236224

January 2013

23811X

July 2008

23816X

July 2008

Building material and garden equipment
and supplies dealers……………………..
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and
music stores ……………………………...
General merchandise stores …………..

Direct health and medical insurance
carriers ……………………………………
Construction, mining, and forestry
machinery and equipment rental and
leasing …………………………………….

Effective with publication of January 1988 data, many
important PPI series (including most commodity groups and
individual items) were placed on a new reference base, 1982 =
100. From 1971 through 1987, the standard reference base
for most PPI series was 1967 = 100. Except for rounding
differences, the shift to the new reference base did not alter
any previously published percent changes for affected PPI
series. (See “Calculating Index Changes,” below.) The 1982
reference base is not used for commodity indexes with a base
9

such as purchasing agreements or real estate leases. For more
information, see Price Adjustment Guide for Contracting
Parties, on the Web at: www.bls.gov/ppi/publications/priceadjustment-guide-for-contracting-parties.htm.
Seasonal adjustment is accomplished using X-13
ARIMA, a software package published by the U.S. Census
Bureau. Each year, the seasonal status of most commodity
indexes is reevaluated to reflect more recent price behavior.
Industry net output indexes are not seasonally adjusted. For
time series that exhibit seasonal pricing patterns, new seasonal
factors are estimated and applied to the unadjusted data from
the prior 5 years. Updated seasonally adjusted indexes replace
the most recent 5 years of seasonal data.
Seasonal factors may be applied to series using either a
direct or an aggregative method. Generally, commodity
indexes are seasonally adjusted using direct seasonal
adjustment, which produces a more complete elimination of
seasonal movements than does the aggregative method.
However, the direct seasonal adjustment process may not yield
figures that possess additive consistency. Thus, a seasonally
adjusted index for a broad category that is directly adjusted
may not be logically consistent with all seasonally adjusted
indexes for its components. Seasonal movements for FD-ID
indexes are derived indirectly through an aggregative method
that combines movements of a wide variety of subproduct
class (six-digit) series.
Seasonally adjusted indexes can become problematic
when previously stable and predictable price patterns abruptly
change. If the new pattern persists, the seasonal adjustment
method will eventually reflect it; if the pattern keeps shifting,
however, seasonally adjusted data will become chronically
troublesome. This problem occurs relatively infrequently for
farm and food-related products, but has more often affected
manufactured products such as automobiles and steel.
Since January 1988, the PPI has used Intervention
Analysis Seasonal Adjustment methods to enhance the
calculation of seasonal factors. With this technique, outlier
values that may distort the seasonal pattern are removed from
the data prior to applying the standard seasonal factor
estimation procedure. For example, a possible economic
cause for large price movements for petroleum-based products
might have been the Persian Gulf War. In this case,
intervention techniques allowed for better estimates of
seasonally adjusted data. On the whole, very few series have
required intervention. Out of almost 400 seasonally adjusted
series, only 42 were subject to intervention in 2018.
For more information relating to seasonal adjustment
methods, see “Summary of Changes to the PPI’s Seasonal
Adjustment Methodology” in the January 1995 issue of
Producer Price Indexes, and “PPI and CPI Seasonal
Adjustment: an Update” in the July 2010 Monthly Labor
Review.

later than December 1981 or for industry net output indexes
and their products. The FD-ID indexes typically have a
reference base of November 2009 = 100.
For further information on the underlying concepts and
methodology of the Producer Price Index, see chapter 14,
“Producer Prices,” in the BLS Handbook of Methods. This
chapter can be downloaded from the BLS Web site at
https://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch14.htm.

Calculating Index Changes
Each PPI measures price changes from a reference period
that equals 100.0. An increase of 5.5 percent from the
reference period in the Final Demand Goods Price Index, for
example, is shown as 105.5. This change also can be
expressed in dollars, as follows: prices received by domestic
producers of a sample of final demand goods have risen from
$100 in November 2009 to $105.50. Likewise, a current index
of 90.0 would indicate that prices received by producers of
final demand goods are 10 percent lower than they were in
November 2009.
Movements of price indexes from one month to another
are usually expressed as percent changes, rather than as
changes in index points. Index point changes are affected by
the level of the index in relation to its base period, whereas
percent changes are not. The following example shows the
computation of index point and percent changes.
Index point change
Final Demand Goods Price Index 107.5
Less previous index
104.0
Equals index point change
3.5
Index percent change
Index point change
3.5
Divided by the previous index
104.0
Equals
0.034
Result multiplied by 100
0.034 x 100
Equals percent change
3.4

Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
Because price data are used for different purposes by
different groups, BLS publishes seasonally adjusted and
unadjusted changes each month. Seasonally adjusted data are
preferred for analyzing general price trends in the
economy because these data eliminate the effect of changes
that normally occur at about the same time, and in about the
same magnitude, every year—such as price movements
resulting from normal weather patterns, regular production
and marketing cycles, model changeovers, seasonal discounts,
and holidays. For these reasons, seasonally adjusted data
more clearly reveal underlying trends. Unadjusted data are of
primary interest to users who need information that can be
related to actual dollar values of transactions. Individuals
requiring this information include marketing specialists,
purchasing agents, budget and cost analysts, contract
specialists, and commodity traders. It is the unadjusted data
that are generally cited when escalating long-term contracts

Producer Price Index Data on the Internet
In 1995, the BLS began posting PPI series, news releases,
and technical information to both a World Wide Web (WWW)
site and a file transfer protocol (FTP) site. During the years
following the introduction of PPI Internet services, use of
these sites eclipsed more traditional methods of data
dissemination, such as subscriptions to the PPI Detailed
10

Commodity code
wps141101
wpu141101

Report. There were more than 4 million instances of PPI data
and tables being downloaded from the BLS website during the
12 months ended December 31, 2017.

Retrieving PPI data from the PPI Web site

wpufd4

PPI data can be obtained from the WWW address
(https://www.bls.gov/ppi). On this page, under the tab labeled
“Featured PPI databases” links provide the following methods
of data retrieval:

wpsid63

•

•

•

Provides data for:
Passenger cars, seasonally adjusted
Passenger cars, not seasonally
adjusted
Final demand, not seasonally
adjusted
Services for intermediate demand,
seasonally adjusted

For discontinued commodity indexes, series identifiers
combine a “wdu” prefix (not seasonally adjusted) or a
“wds” prefix (seasonally adjusted) with a commodity
code.

Top Picks is a form-based application for both Industry
Data and Commodity Data that allows the user to quickly
obtain PPI time series data by selecting the high-level
aggregate and other commonly requested time series,
including the All Commodities Index and the FD-ID
indexes (for example, Final Demand). Within each list,
any one—or all—of the time series shown can be
selected. A user can modify the date range and output
options after executing the query, using the reformat
button above the data output table.

Commodity code
wds019
wdu0635
wdusi138011

Provides data for:
Other farm products, seasonally
adjusted
Preparations, ethical (prescription),
not seasonally adjusted
Stainless steel mill products, not
seasonally adjusted

One-Screen Data Search and Multi-Screen Data Search
are form-based query applications for both Industry Data
and Commodity Data designed for users unfamiliar with
the PPI coding structure. These applications guide a user
through the PPI classification by listing index titles and
do not require knowledge of commodity or industry
codes. Data retrieved are based on a query formulated by
selecting data characteristics from lists provided. Two
options are available to create customized tables,
depending on a user’s browser capability. The one-screen
option is a JavaScript application that uses a single screen
to guide a user through the available time series data. The
second option is a multiple-screen, non-Java-based
application. Both methods allow a user to browse the PPI
coding structure and select multiple series. Users can
modify the date range and output options after executing
the query using the reformat button above the data output
table.

Current price indexes grouped by industry according
to NAICS have series identifiers that begin with the
prefix “pcu.” After the prefix, there are 12 digits (the 6digit industry code is listed twice) followed by up to 7
alphanumeric characters identifying product detail.
Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-level industry
group codes.

Series Report is a form-based application that allows
users to input multiple, formatted PPI time series
identifiers (commodity or industry codes) as inputs in
extracting data according to a specified set of date ranges
and output options. This application provides the most
efficient path for users who are familiar with the format of
PPI time series identifiers. There are five alphabetic
prefixes used to create unique PPI time series identifiers:
WP, WD, PC, PD, and ND. Each provides the user
access to a different PPI database. Adding either a “u”
(not seasonally adjusted) or an “s” (seasonally adjusted)
to the end of these prefixes further specifies the type of
data needed.

Discontinued industry-product codes based on SIC
combine a “pdu” prefix and “#” between the fourth and
fifth characters of the product code. Series identifiers for
the discontinued dataset use underscores as placeholders
to complete a reference to an SIC industry group code of
fewer than four digits. (All PPI industry-based indexes
organized by SIC were discontinued with the introduction
of NAICS in 2004.)
Industry-product code,
discontinued SIC series
pdu28_ _#
pdu331_#

EXAMPLES

pdu3711#111

For commodity and FD-ID indexes, series identifiers
combine a “wpu” prefix (not seasonally adjusted) or a
“wps” prefix (seasonally adjusted) with a commodity
code.

Price indexes for discontinued series grouped by
industry according to NAICS have identifiers that begin
with the prefix “ndu”. After the prefix, there are 12

Industry-product code,
current NAICS series
pcu325---325--pcu336110336110
pcu621111621111411

11

Provides data for:
Chemical manufacturing
Automobile and light duty
motor vehicle manufacturing
Offices of physicians, one- and
two-physician practices and
single-specialty group
practices, general/family
practice

Provides data for:
Chemicals and allied products
Blast furnaces, steel works,
and rolling and finishing mills
Passenger cars

Additional information

numeric digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed twice),
and up to 7 additional alphanumeric characters that
identify product detail. Dashes are used as placeholders
for higher-level group codes.
Industry-product code,
discontinued NAICS series
ndu212231212231
ndu2122312122312
ndu212231212231214
•

The PPI homepage (https://www.bls.gov/ppi) contains
additional information regarding PPI data and methodology.
The top section of the homepage provides PPI news releases,
both current and archived, as well as general PPI information.
The “PPI Tables” section found beneath the statistics section
provides relative importance and seasonal factor tables. The
remaining sections offer special notices and publications
pertaining to PPI methodology and applications.
For questions or comments regarding PPI data
classification, methodology, or data availability on the
Internet, call or e-mail the Section of Index Analysis and
Public Information at (202) 691-7705 or ppi-info@bls.gov.
If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability,
please dial 7-1-1 to access telecommunications relay services.

Provides data for
Lead and zinc ore mining
Lead, zinc concentrates
Lead concentrates

Text Files are best suited for users requiring access to
either a large volume of time series data or other PPIrelated documentation, such as seasonal factor tables and
relative importance tables. The text files can be accessed
at https://download.bls.gov/ or directly from links on the
“PPI Databases” page or the PPI homepage. Data and
documentation available for download include the
following:
Directory:
Industry Data
Industry Data - Discontinued
(NAICS basis)
(SIC basis)
Commodity Data (incl. FD-ID)
Commodity Data – Discontinued
Special requests

/pub/time.series/pc
/pub/time.series/nd
/pub/time.series/pd
/pub/time.series/wp
/pub/time.series/wd
/pub/special.requests/ppi

12

Table 1. Producer price index percentage changes and weights for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand
groupings, seasonally adjusted
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code

Item
code

Relative
Importance
Dec.
20211

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change2

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change2

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

Final Demand
Final demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished consumer foods3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished consumer foods, crude. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished consumer foods, processed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods for export. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished consumer energy goods3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy for export. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand goods less foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished goods less foods and energy3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished consumer goods less foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable consumer goods less foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable consumer goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private capital equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private capital equipment for manufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private capital equipment for nonmanufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased goods, excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased goods excluding foods, energy, and capital
equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased capital equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods for export, excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand trade services4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade of finished goods3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade of personal consumption goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade of private capital equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade of government purchased goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade of government purchased goods, excluding capital equipment. . .
Trade of government purchased capital equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade of exports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers for final demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of private passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of government passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers for export. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods for final demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of finished goods3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of personal consumption goods. . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of private capital equipment. . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of government purchased goods. . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of exports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . .
Finished services less trade, transportation, and warehousing3. . . . . . . . . . .
Finished consumer services less trade, transportation, and
warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private capital investment services less trade, transportation, and
warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased services less trade, transportation, and
warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gov. purchased services less trade, transportation, and warehousing,
excl. capital investment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased capital investment services less trade,
transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services for export less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction for private capital investment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction for government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD

4
41
411
4111
41113
41112
4112
4113
412
4121
4122
4123
413
4131
41311
413111
413112
41312
413121
413122
4132

100.000
33.284
5.743
4.430
0.461
3.969
0.406
0.907
5.998
4.795
0.838
0.365
21.543
12.154
6.483
4.078
2.405
5.671
1.263
4.408
2.280

11.2
15.7
16.2
15.6
39.2
13.2
15.5
19.6
36.7
33.7
46.4
55.2
10.0
8.2
7.7
7.0
8.9
8.7
12.1
7.8
10.6

1.0
0.9
1.3
1.3
10.0
0.4
0.6
1.3
0.9
0.8
0.9
1.2
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.9

0.6
-0.1
-0.2
-0.3
-3.8
0.2
-0.1
-0.1
-1.4
-0.9
-3.1
-4.1
0.4
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.4
0.5
0.7
0.5
0.6

1.2
1.6
1.8
1.6
-5.2
2.4
2.6
2.2
4.1
3.3
6.8
8.4
0.8
0.9
0.7
0.6
0.9
1.0
1.4
0.9
1.1

0.9
2.3
2.1
1.8
1.8
1.8
2.3
3.3
7.5
7.0
8.3
12.1
0.8
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.9
1.0
1.4
0.9
0.8

1.4
2.3
2.4
2.1
13.5
0.8
0.4
4.7
5.7
4.2
11.8
11.0
1.1
0.8
0.7
0.5
1.0
0.9
1.3
0.7
1.3

FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD

41321
41322
4133
42
423
4231
42311
42312
4232
42321
42322
4233
422
4221
42211
42212
42213
4222
42221
422211
422212
42222
42223
421
4211

1.357
0.923
7.109
64.964
20.219
17.344
14.139
3.205
0.758
0.476
0.282
2.117
4.383
1.096
0.740
0.089
0.267
3.287
2.162
1.735
0.427
0.198
0.927
40.362
35.383

14.4
5.5
13.0
8.7
17.1
17.4
16.2
22.6
17.1
14.3
22.0
15.2
21.0
23.2
23.2
22.8
23.5
20.3
20.9
20.6
22.1
18.2
19.3
3.6
3.8

1.3
0.3
1.2
1.0
1.3
1.4
1.2
2.3
1.6
0.6
3.3
1.0
2.8
5.3
5.2
5.2
5.3
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.2
1.6
1.9
0.6
0.6

0.7
0.5
0.0
0.9
1.9
1.9
1.7
2.6
1.6
0.9
2.9
2.0
1.5
3.9
3.9
3.8
4.0
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.8
0.9
0.7
0.3
0.3

1.5
0.6
0.6
0.9
1.4
1.4
1.1
2.7
1.9
1.4
2.6
1.2
0.0
-4.8
-4.8
-4.7
-4.8
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.6
1.5
1.8
0.8
0.8

1.2
0.2
0.5
0.3
1.1
1.2
1.1
1.6
1.2
0.7
1.9
0.8
1.6
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.4
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.2
0.4
1.2
-0.3
-0.3

1.3
1.3
1.7
0.9
1.2
1.3
1.7
0.0
0.9
1.5
-0.1
0.4
5.5
6.8
6.8
6.7
6.9
5.1
5.3
5.2
5.6
4.3
4.7
0.3
0.3

FD

42111

31.725

3.3

0.7

0.3

0.6

-0.3

0.3

FD

42112

3.658

8.4

0.1

0.7

2.1

0.0

0.8

FD

4212

2.491

2.9

0.6

0.3

0.8

-0.3

-0.2

FD

42121

2.385

2.9

0.6

0.3

0.8

-0.2

-0.2

FD
FD
FD
FD
FD

42122
4213
43
431
432

0.106
2.488
1.749
1.139
0.610

2.1
2.1
16.7
18.2
14.1

-0.2
1.1
0.3
0.4
0.3

0.2
0.1
0.3
0.3
0.1

0.1
0.9
3.6
3.9
3.0

-1.2
-0.8
0.5
0.6
0.4

1.1
-0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

Final demand less exports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FD
Final demand less government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FD

49101
49102

85.820
92.330

10.8
11.0

0.9
1.0

0.6
0.6

1.2
1.1

0.9
0.9

1.3
1.3

Special Groupings of Final Demand

See footnotes at end of table.

13

Table 1. Producer price index percentage changes and weights for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand
groupings, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code
Final demand less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate
consumption, and energy5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less foods and energy5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate
consumption5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less foods5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less distributive services6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand goods less energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand goods less foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand services less trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand distributive services6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand goods plus final demand distributive services6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less foods, energy, and trade services5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private and government purchased capital equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private and government purchased capital investment services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private and government purchased capital investment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total finished3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total finished less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate
consumption, and energy3, 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total finished less foods and energy3, 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total finished less
foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate
3
consumption , 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total finished less foods3, 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total finished less energy3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished goods3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished goods less energy3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished goods, excluding foods3, 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished services3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private capital investment services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished distributive services3, 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished services less trade services3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished services less distributive services3, 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private capital investment (goods, services, and construction). . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished goods plus finished distributive services3, 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total exports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods for export. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services for export. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total government purchases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total government purchased capital investment (goods, services, construction).. .
Personal consumption. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption goods (finished consumer goods). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption goods less energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption goods less foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption nondurable goods less foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption less trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption less distributive services6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption less foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption less foods, energy, and trade services4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption less foods, energy, and distributive services6. . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption goods plus personal consumption distributive services6. . .

Item
code

Relative
Importance
Dec.
20211

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change2

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change2

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

FD
FD

49103
49104

87.753
88.259

9.3
9.2

1.0
0.9

0.8
0.7

0.9
0.9

0.4
0.4

1.0
1.0

FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD

49105
49106
49107
49108
49109
49111
49112
49113
49114
49115
49116
49117
49118
49119
49201

93.751
94.257
94.002
79.781
76.494
27.286
27.541
44.745
23.506
56.790
68.040
6.594
7.678
14.272
78.147

11.1
10.9
9.6
9.8
9.3
11.3
15.6
5.2
17.5
16.4
7.0
8.2
15.2
12.4
10.6

1.0
0.9
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.9
0.8
0.8
1.4
1.1
0.8
0.5
1.2
0.8
0.9

0.6
0.6
0.7
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.0
0.4
1.7
0.7
0.4
0.5
1.6
1.0
0.6

1.1
1.1
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.5
0.7
1.4
1.5
0.8
1.0
2.3
1.9
1.1

0.9
0.9
0.5
0.9
0.9
1.1
2.3
-0.2
1.1
1.8
0.2
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.9

1.3
1.3
1.1
1.4
1.3
1.4
2.3
0.8
1.8
2.1
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.8
1.2

FD
FD

49202
49203

68.421
68.922

8.8
8.8

0.9
0.9

0.8
0.8

1.0
1.0

0.4
0.4

0.9
0.9

FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD

49204
49205
49206
49207
49208
49209
49210
49211
49212
49213
49214
49215
49216
49301
49302
49303
49401
49402
49403
49404
49501
49502
49503
49504
49508
49505
49506
49507
49510
49511
49512
49509

73.216
73.717
73.352
21.379
16.584
16.949
55.629
7.290
19.506
38.285
36.123
14.100
40.885
14.180
8.381
5.799
7.670
3.524
3.536
1.921
64.047
15.708
10.913
11.278
8.873
48.339
49.908
48.173
54.822
40.683
38.948
31.582

10.4
10.3
9.2
15.2
10.1
15.1
8.6
15.1
17.8
5.0
4.1
12.7
16.4
13.3
15.5
10.3
13.1
19.4
7.0
10.2
10.1
17.7
10.8
18.4
21.0
7.7
8.5
8.0
7.7
5.0
4.4
17.1

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.7
1.0
1.2
1.4
0.8
0.7
0.9
1.1
1.3
1.2
1.4
0.9
0.8
1.0
0.7
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.8
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.8
0.7
1.1

0.7
0.7
0.7
0.0
0.3
0.1
0.9
1.6
1.8
0.4
0.4
1.1
0.9
0.3
-0.2
1.1
0.1
-0.4
0.7
0.7
0.5
-0.1
0.2
-0.1
-0.2
0.8
0.2
0.2
0.7
0.4
0.4
0.7

1.1
1.1
1.0
1.6
1.1
1.6
0.9
2.3
1.4
0.7
0.6
1.9
1.5
1.0
1.1
0.9
1.9
2.7
0.9
1.6
1.0
1.8
1.1
1.8
2.1
0.7
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.6
0.5
1.5

0.9
0.8
0.5
2.6
1.2
2.8
0.3
0.8
1.2
-0.2
-0.2
0.9
1.9
0.9
1.3
0.2
1.4
2.8
0.2
0.5
0.9
3.1
1.3
3.6
4.3
0.2
0.9
0.9
0.3
0.0
-0.1
2.1

1.2
1.2
1.0
1.9
1.1
1.8
0.9
0.7
1.8
0.8
0.5
0.8
1.8
1.9
2.5
1.0
2.1
4.0
0.5
0.9
1.3
2.2
1.3
2.3
2.6
1.0
1.2
1.1
0.9
0.7
0.5
2.1

ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6

1
11
111
1111
1112
1113
112
1121
1122

100.000
46.096
30.586
4.053
13.367
13.166
15.510
0.806
14.704

21.7
19.7
24.2
19.2
21.7
28.9
11.9
20.5
11.5

1.5
1.2
1.4
0.3
1.4
1.8
0.8
1.6
0.8

-0.1
0.3
0.0
0.2
-0.5
0.5
0.8
1.2
0.8

2.1
1.1
1.0
2.7
0.4
1.2
1.2
1.5
1.2

1.5
-0.2
-0.7
2.3
1.3
-3.5
0.6
0.7
0.6

2.1
0.8
0.8
2.1
2.0
-1.0
0.8
1.5
0.8

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type
Processed goods
Processed goods for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials and components for manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials for manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials for food manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials for nondurable manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials for durable manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Components for manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Components for nondurable manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Components for durable manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

14

Table 1. Producer price index percentage changes and weights for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand
groupings, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code
Materials and components for construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials for construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Components for construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed fuels and lubricants for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed fuels and lubricants to manufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed fuels and lubricants to nonmanufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Containers for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplies for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplies to manufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, feeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, other than feeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Item
code

Relative
Importance
Dec.
20211

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change2

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change2

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6

12
121
122
13
131
132
14
15
151
152
1521
1522

9.003
3.829
5.174
18.697
4.640
14.057
2.781
23.422
3.215
20.207
1.713
18.494

23.2
18.2
27.5
35.5
26.4
38.7
18.7
14.6
17.1
14.3
13.7
14.3

1.9
1.5
2.1
2.5
0.1
3.3
0.9
1.1
1.3
1.0
-0.4
1.2

1.9
2.4
1.6
-2.7
-0.8
-3.4
1.0
0.6
0.4
0.7
-0.4
0.8

3.1
5.1
1.7
4.6
3.8
4.9
3.4
1.6
1.2
1.7
2.4
1.6

1.7
2.4
1.2
5.9
5.1
6.2
1.8
1.1
1.0
1.1
2.4
1.0

1.5
1.8
1.3
6.4
5.4
6.7
0.1
1.2
1.2
1.1
3.1
1.0

ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6

2
21
22
221
2211

100.000
32.314
67.685
44.356
42.325

40.8
35.2
44.2
39.4
41.0

2.3
1.3
2.7
2.2
2.3

-4.9
3.8
-8.6
-6.1
-6.4

2.7
2.7
2.7
6.3
6.5

13.0
5.6
16.6
6.5
6.8

-1.4
5.2
-4.3
8.3
8.6

ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6

2212
222
2221
2222

2.031
23.329
1.185
22.144

7.7
57.7
42.9
58.7

0.6
3.5
2.2
3.5

0.0
-13.3
-6.3
-13.6

2.6
-4.4
10.4
-5.2

1.0
39.1
15.3
40.5

0.9
-25.5
-5.8
-26.5

ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6

3
33
331
332
32
321
3211
3212
322
3221

100.000
22.363
11.460
10.903
13.287
0.978
0.115
0.863
12.309
2.502

7.4
15.3
13.9
16.8
15.9
22.8
23.5
22.7
15.4
16.1

0.6
-0.6
-0.7
-0.5
1.0
5.2
5.3
5.1
0.7
1.5

0.8
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.5
3.8
4.0
3.8
1.4
0.8

0.8
1.4
0.6
2.3
0.6
-4.7
-4.8
-4.7
1.0
1.3

0.0
0.7
-0.3
1.7
0.3
3.3
3.4
3.3
0.1
0.8

0.6
1.9
1.1
2.7
2.0
6.7
6.9
6.7
1.6
3.6

ID6

3222

9.807

15.3

0.4

1.5

0.9

-0.1

1.1

ID6

31

64.350

3.3

0.9

0.5

0.6

-0.3

-0.1

ID6

311

2.044

5.9

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.4

0.7

ID6

312

62.306

3.2

0.9

0.5

0.6

-0.3

-0.2

100.000

14.0

0.5

0.0

2.2

1.0

1.2

Unprocessed goods
Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed nonfood materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to manufacturing industries. . .
Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to nonmanufacturing
industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed fuel to manufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed fuel to nonmanufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services
Services for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services for intermediate demand4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services for manufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services for nonmanufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers for manufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers for nonmanufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods for manufacturing industries. . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods for nonmanufacturing
industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate
demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for manufacturing
industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for nonmanufacturing
industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction
Construction for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ID6

4

Special Groupings of Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type
Processed materials less foods and feeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed foods and feeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed energy goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed materials less energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed materials less foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Intermediate distributive services7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed goods plus intermediate distributive services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed materials less agricultural products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed energy materials8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed materials less energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed nonfood materials less energy9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6

9111
9112
9113
9118
9115
9116
9117
9211
9212
9213
9216

92.172
7.828
18.697
81.303
73.475
34.672
–
62.579
42.184
57.816
25.502

22.2
16.7
35.5
18.6
18.8
15.4
19.9
45.1
58.7
31.2
24.2

1.6
0.1
2.5
1.2
1.4
-0.2
1.0
2.5
2.3
2.3
3.4

-0.1
0.1
-2.7
0.6
0.6
1.4
0.4
-9.4
-12.3
1.4
-1.8

2.1
2.6
4.6
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.9
2.6
4.2
1.5
-0.3

1.5
2.2
5.9
0.5
0.3
0.5
1.2
18.2
25.8
3.9
1.4

2.1
2.0
6.4
1.0
0.8
1.8
2.0
-5.9
-11.2
7.1
9.5

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

4
41
411
4111
4112

100.000
32.889
23.198
3.174
0.190

11.8
15.3
16.1
23.2
34.4

1.1
1.0
1.3
2.4
3.6

0.7
0.9
0.5
0.0
4.0

1.5
1.4
1.5
1.5
0.9

0.5
0.4
0.6
2.6
6.5

0.8
1.1
1.3
5.3
3.1

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow
Stage 4 Intermediate Demand
Stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 4 goods producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

15

Table 1. Producer price index percentage changes and weights for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand
groupings, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code

Item
code

Relative
Importance
Dec.
20211

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change2

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change2

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 4 services producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 4 construction producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

4113
412
4123
4122
41221
41222
4121
42
421
4211
4212
4213
422
4223
4222
42221
42222
4221
423
43
431
4312
4313
432
4323
4322
43221
43222
4321

19.834
9.691
7.740
0.474
0.065
0.409
1.477
52.465
13.952
2.324
3.769
7.859
38.427
4.502
3.234
0.413
2.821
30.691
0.086
14.643
10.507
0.846
9.661
4.136
2.037
0.611
0.013
0.598
1.488

14.9
13.2
14.7
14.2
23.5
12.8
5.6
7.2
14.1
16.9
15.4
12.5
4.9
13.8
13.7
23.2
12.4
2.9
14.0
21.4
24.6
56.2
21.9
13.8
19.6
20.6
23.4
20.5
4.1

1.1
0.3
0.2
1.9
5.3
1.4
0.3
1.1
1.5
0.2
2.9
1.2
1.0
0.4
0.7
5.3
0.1
1.1
0.5
1.1
2.0
2.0
1.9
-1.0
-2.8
2.2
5.3
2.1
0.2

0.5
1.9
2.2
1.1
4.0
0.6
0.4
0.5
0.1
0.3
-1.7
1.0
0.6
1.5
1.8
3.9
1.5
0.4
0.0
1.2
1.5
-1.1
1.7
0.5
0.8
0.8
3.9
0.8
0.1

1.4
1.4
1.5
0.4
-4.8
1.3
1.2
1.2
2.0
1.3
3.8
1.4
0.8
1.1
1.0
-4.8
1.8
0.8
2.2
2.9
3.1
3.6
3.1
2.2
2.8
1.4
-4.8
1.5
1.8

0.2
0.0
-0.1
0.8
3.4
0.4
0.2
0.0
1.3
2.4
1.5
0.9
-0.4
0.7
-0.7
3.3
-1.2
-0.6
1.0
2.1
2.6
12.5
1.7
0.7
1.0
1.1
3.4
1.1
0.0

0.6
0.8
0.7
3.2
6.9
2.7
0.5
0.2
1.2
1.2
1.6
0.9
-0.2
1.1
1.6
6.9
0.9
-0.6
1.2
1.9
1.9
7.8
1.3
2.1
2.5
5.3
6.9
5.3
0.2

Stage 3 Intermediate Demand
Stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 3 goods producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 3 services producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 3 construction producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

3
31
311
3111
3112
3113
312
3123
3122
31221
31222
3121
32
321
3211
3212
3213
322
3223
3222
32221
32222
3221
323
33
331
3313
332
3323
3322
33222
3321

100.000
49.671
40.111
10.917
1.560
27.634
9.560
5.718
2.547
0.118
2.429
1.295
48.940
10.345
0.089
6.121
4.135
37.680
2.608
8.849
0.022
8.827
26.223
0.915
1.388
0.580
0.580
0.808
0.766
0.015
0.015
0.027

19.0
25.0
27.5
37.2
41.7
22.9
14.8
15.0
18.6
23.5
18.5
6.9
13.4
40.6
10.2
58.5
15.6
6.6
15.9
14.6
1.4
14.6
3.2
14.0
21.2
23.6
23.5
19.6
20.3
9.6
9.6
7.6

0.8
0.9
1.3
0.5
6.6
1.3
-0.9
-2.3
1.8
5.3
1.7
0.4
0.8
0.7
0.9
0.1
1.5
0.8
0.7
0.2
0.1
0.2
1.0
0.5
-1.1
1.7
1.7
-3.0
-3.2
0.7
0.7
0.8

0.8
1.4
1.5
5.5
0.9
-0.1
0.9
0.9
0.9
4.0
0.8
0.5
0.1
-2.4
0.8
-4.1
0.3
0.8
-0.3
1.7
0.0
1.7
0.7
0.0
1.4
2.2
2.2
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.9
0.7

1.7
1.5
1.8
4.1
0.4
1.0
0.4
-0.1
1.2
-4.8
1.5
1.0
1.7
5.4
2.6
8.0
1.4
0.6
1.5
0.4
-0.5
0.5
0.6
2.2
6.2
4.9
4.9
7.0
7.4
1.1
1.1
-0.6

1.4
1.0
1.3
5.1
5.8
-0.5
-0.2
-0.9
1.1
3.4
1.0
0.4
1.6
7.4
1.5
11.2
1.5
-0.1
0.3
-0.1
0.2
-0.1
-0.1
1.0
4.0
2.1
2.1
5.3
5.5
0.1
0.1
0.6

2.3
1.9
1.8
4.4
5.9
0.4
2.4
1.9
4.4
6.9
4.2
0.8
2.6
10.1
1.2
14.9
1.9
0.4
3.0
0.4
0.2
0.4
0.1
1.2
2.6
1.8
1.8
3.2
3.3
0.4
0.4
1.4

2
21

100.000
54.815

20.5
31.2

1.2
1.3

-2.2
-4.8

1.3
2.1

5.6
10.0

-1.2
-2.7

Stage 2 Intermediate Demand
Stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ID5
Inputs to stage 2 goods producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ID5

See footnotes at end of table.

16

Table 1. Producer price index percentage changes and weights for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand
groupings, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code

Item
code

Relative
Importance
Dec.
20211

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change2

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change2

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 2 services producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

211
2111
2112
2113
212
2123
2122
21221
21222
2121
213
22
221
2211
2212
2213
222
2223
2222
22221
22222
2221
223

42.661
3.184
19.750
19.727
11.685
5.350
3.353
0.154
3.199
2.982
0.469
45.184
5.823
0.032
0.396
5.395
37.793
2.550
3.079
0.352
2.727
32.164
1.568

38.1
16.0
60.3
22.7
9.4
12.2
8.7
21.8
8.2
5.6
14.0
8.8
19.2
19.6
48.6
17.3
7.2
23.1
29.7
23.2
30.7
4.3
14.0

1.7
-0.7
1.8
1.9
-0.1
-0.8
0.6
4.9
0.4
0.5
0.5
1.0
1.9
0.6
8.9
1.4
0.9
3.2
0.5
5.3
-0.1
0.8
0.5

-6.4
0.2
-12.5
-0.2
1.2
1.6
1.1
3.7
1.0
0.6
0.0
1.1
0.6
0.7
-4.3
1.0
1.2
4.8
3.7
3.9
3.6
0.7
0.0

2.6
4.3
4.6
0.3
0.1
-0.2
0.5
-4.5
0.7
0.2
2.2
0.3
1.1
3.0
1.6
1.1
0.1
-2.3
-1.7
-4.8
-1.3
0.5
2.2

12.6
5.1
25.0
0.6
0.6
1.0
0.3
3.1
0.2
0.1
1.0
0.1
1.2
3.5
6.7
0.7
0.0
0.2
1.2
3.3
0.9
-0.2
1.0

-3.6
4.6
-10.2
3.7
1.0
1.5
0.6
6.5
0.4
0.5
1.2
0.8
1.3
2.6
1.3
1.3
0.7
8.3
0.3
6.8
-0.5
0.2
1.2

Stage 1 Intermediate Demand
Stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 1 goods producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 1 services producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 1 construction producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

1
11
111
1111
1112
1113
112
1123
1122
11221
11222
1121
113
12
121
1211
1212
1213
122
1223
1222
12221
12222
1221
123
13
131
1312
1313
132
1323
1322
13222
1321

100.000
35.393
26.061
3.173
3.734
19.154
9.331
6.049
0.488
0.084
0.404
2.794
0.001
51.748
17.248
0.051
5.794
11.403
34.495
3.803
3.609
1.091
2.518
27.083
0.005
12.858
8.466
0.829
7.637
4.392
3.727
0.609
0.609
0.056

16.4
21.8
26.4
27.0
30.8
25.5
10.5
13.1
14.1
23.6
12.3
4.8
14.0
11.6
22.2
15.7
36.7
15.1
6.5
16.9
16.1
23.5
13.1
4.0
14.0
22.0
23.4
60.3
19.5
19.7
19.3
23.9
23.9
3.9

1.3
1.8
3.0
2.1
7.7
2.2
-1.4
-2.5
1.4
5.3
0.7
0.6
0.5
1.2
1.1
1.6
0.6
1.3
1.3
0.8
2.2
5.3
0.9
1.3
0.5
-0.1
1.0
-2.6
1.4
-2.1
-2.8
2.3
2.3
0.6

0.4
0.1
-0.2
1.4
-2.4
0.0
1.1
1.4
2.0
4.0
1.6
0.5
0.0
0.4
-0.1
0.2
-2.2
1.0
0.7
0.9
1.6
4.0
0.6
0.5
0.0
0.8
0.9
-2.2
1.2
0.6
0.6
0.9
0.9
0.1

1.3
0.3
0.4
1.3
1.0
0.2
-0.1
-0.7
-0.4
-4.8
0.5
1.3
2.2
1.4
3.1
2.2
5.6
1.9
0.5
1.8
-0.7
-4.8
1.1
0.4
2.2
4.0
2.9
8.2
2.4
6.0
6.8
1.6
1.6
0.3

0.9
0.0
0.2
2.4
3.8
-0.8
-0.5
-0.6
0.5
3.4
-0.1
-0.6
1.0
0.8
3.2
3.0
7.1
1.2
-0.4
0.3
0.9
3.4
-0.1
-0.6
1.0
3.1
2.6
11.9
1.6
4.1
4.6
1.3
1.3
1.2

2.1
2.0
2.4
8.7
-0.4
1.8
0.8
1.2
1.4
6.9
0.2
-0.1
1.2
2.0
4.1
1.5
9.3
1.2
0.8
2.8
3.6
6.9
2.2
0.2
1.2
3.2
3.1
18.1
1.2
3.5
3.1
6.2
6.2
0.3

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

9411
9412
9413
9414
9415
9416

47.657
52.254
0.086
5.498
4.805
37.354

17.3
7.1
14.0
20.5
23.0
16.1

1.5
0.7
0.5
1.4
2.8
1.3

0.6
0.8
0.0
0.1
-1.4
0.9

2.0
1.1
2.2
1.4
3.6
1.9

1.2
-0.3
1.0
2.5
3.7
0.7

1.4
0.2
1.2
3.5
2.9
0.8

Special Groupings of Intermediate Demand by Production Flow
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total

goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
construction inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
foods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
energy goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

17

Table 1. Producer price index percentage changes and weights for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand
groupings, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total

goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
construction inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
foods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
energy goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . .
goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
construction inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
foods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
energy goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . .
goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
construction inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
foods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
energy goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . .

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

Item
code
9311
9312
9313
9314
9315
9316
9211
9212
9213
9214
9215
9216
9111
9112
9117
9114
9115
9116

1

Relative
Importance
Dec.
20211
51.036
48.048
0.915
11.006
7.681
32.349
48.484
49.478
2.037
3.216
20.146
25.122
51.775
48.218
0.006
3.224
10.357
38.194

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change2

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change2

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

30.4
8.4
14.0
36.9
55.3
21.9
35.9
7.7
14.0
16.1
60.1
21.5
24.5
8.5
14.0
26.8
36.7
20.9

1.2
0.4
0.5
0.5
1.4
1.4
1.7
0.7
0.5
-0.7
1.9
1.8
2.0
0.5
0.5
2.0
2.8
1.8

0.7
0.8
0.0
5.4
-3.1
0.0
-5.7
1.2
0.0
0.2
-12.3
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.0
1.4
-2.3
0.5

2.6
0.7
2.2
4.1
6.4
1.1
2.5
0.1
2.2
4.2
4.6
0.5
1.7
0.9
2.2
1.3
4.1
1.1

2.6
0.0
1.0
5.1
10.2
-0.2
11.4
0.1
1.0
5.1
24.6
0.6
1.6
0.0
1.0
2.4
6.3
0.3

3.6
0.8
1.2
4.4
13.2
0.6
-3.1
0.8
1.2
4.5
-10.0
3.2
3.0
1.1
1.2
8.6
6.8
1.5

Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual
items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
All indexes are subject to revision for 4 months after their originally scheduled publication to incorporate late reports and corrections by survey respondents. In addition, seasonally
adjusted indexes are subject to change for up to 5 years due to the recalculation of seasonal factors published each January.
3
PPI defines Total finished as including only the personal consumption and private capital investment portions of final demand.
4
Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.
5
The PPI definition of foods does not include food and beverages for immediate consumption. PPI defines food and beverages for immediate consumption as the service of preparing
meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises and off-premises consumption.
6
Distributive services include transportation, warehousing, and trade of goods.
7
Includes intermediate trade, transportation, and warehousing services.
8
Includes crude petroleum.
9
Excludes crude petroleum.
p Preliminary
″-″ Data not available.
2

18

Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final DemandIntermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code

Item
code

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change1

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change1

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

11.2
15.7
16.2
18.5
81.5
40.1
1.9
13.8
9.3
15.0
16.7
16.0
2.9
28.6
49.2
19.7
19.3
6.6
6.8
9.7
13.0
46.3
13.2
36.7
91.4
8.4
22.8
59.9
105.9
63.8
10.0
3.4
9.7
2.0
3.8
6.2
6.0
25.9
1.4
5.7
6.4
5.6
11.9
26.6
6.5
29.2
16.8
9.1
4.4
2.7
8.5
13.5
14.4
8.3
6.5
6.7
5.9
41.3
5.6
3.9
0.7
5.6
14.5
2.0

1.0
0.9
1.3
20.1
11.5
4.5
-5.5
-1.6
1.1
0.7
1.9
1.5
-1.3
-0.6
2.2
2.5
0.9
-0.1
1.0
0.3
1.1
0.9
0.3
0.9
-9.8
0.5
0.6
2.9
-3.0
-3.2
0.8
0.0
0.2
0.5
0.7
0.4
2.2
2.3
0.2
-0.2
1.8
0.0
0.8
4.3
1.3
8.8
1.8
0.4
0.0
0.3
0.5
0.4
1.6
0.4
0.0
0.7
0.8
5.5
0.5
0.6
0.0
0.4
4.1
0.0

0.6
-0.1
-0.2
-5.5
-14.9
3.2
46.9
0.5
0.7
0.4
5.3
-4.6
-2.0
1.4
2.2
1.8
2.3
0.5
-0.1
0.4
1.0
-3.3
0.4
-1.4
-15.5
0.7
0.8
-1.8
0.6
-3.3
0.4
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.7
-1.5
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.3
0.4
3.6
0.3
-1.8
1.4
0.8
1.1
0.4
0.7
1.2
1.1
0.6
0.2
0.8
2.5
1.9
0.3
0.3
0.0
0.2
0.0
1.5

1.2
1.6
1.8
3.9
-3.5
0.4
-17.6
8.7
2.3
0.6
3.0
6.5
-2.6
0.2
5.8
-13.2
5.2
1.1
0.9
3.1
1.1
3.3
1.9
4.1
16.8
2.3
0.4
3.3
15.2
9.9
0.8
0.5
1.0
0.2
1.9
1.1
0.1
0.0
-0.4
1.0
1.0
1.2
3.6
0.3
0.7
-9.2
0.5
0.3
0.8
-0.4
1.0
1.6
1.2
2.3
5.4
0.7
0.2
0.6
0.4
0.9
0.3
2.2
0.2
0.0

0.9
2.3
2.1
4.5
-9.3
1.9
31.3
9.3
2.3
4.2
3.3
-3.6
3.9
2.1
5.4
2.2
3.9
0.8
0.5
0.9
9.0
7.2
5.8
7.5
8.0
0.1
1.9
14.6
13.6
14.2
0.8
0.8
1.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.1
-0.2
1.7
0.5
0.2
0.1
2.7
1.1
3.4
0.8
-1.3
1.9
0.6
0.2
0.0
0.6
3.1
0.4
0.9
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.5
0.1
2.5
0.0

1.4
2.3
2.4
-8.0
42.4
16.1
-14.3
5.6
0.5
1.2
0.5
-7.3
4.2
3.3
0.9
1.1
2.7
0.6
0.8
0.0
0.6
8.4
1.4
5.7
12.9
1.9
-0.4
4.9
20.2
20.4
1.1
1.1
0.3
-0.1
0.1
0.1
0.7
3.1
0.3
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.7
27.6
0.9
0.1
0.0
0.1
1.5
1.1
0.6
1.5
0.0
0.5
-0.3
7.9
0.2
0.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

Final Demand
Final demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fresh fruits and melons2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fresh and dry vegetables2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Grains. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Eggs for fresh use2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oilseeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bakery products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Milled rice2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pasta products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Beef and veal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pork. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed young chickens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed turkeys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finfish and shellfish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dairy products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed fruits and vegetables2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Confectionery end products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soft drinks2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roasted coffee2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shortening and cooking oils2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frozen specialty food2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Liquefied petroleum gas2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential electric power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential natural gas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home heating oil and distillates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
No. 2 diesel fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand goods less foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alcoholic beverages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pet food2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women’s, girls’, and infants’ apparel2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men’s and boys’ apparel2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile housefurnishings2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Footwear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pharmaceutical preparations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soaps and detergents2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning and polishing products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cosmetics and other toiletries2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tires2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Consumer, institutional, and commercial products, n.e.c.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sanitary paper products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Iron and steel scrap2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agricultural machinery and equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction machinery and equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metal cutting machine tools2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metal forming machine tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, and industrial molds2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pumps, compressors, and equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial material handling equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic computers and computer equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile machinery and equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper industries machinery2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing trades machinery and equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transformers and power regulators2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Communication and related equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic components and accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
X-ray and electromedical equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil field and gas field machinery2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining machinery and equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Office and store machines and equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

FD
FD
FD
01
01
01
01
01
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
FD
05
05
05
05
05
05
FD
02
02
03
03
03
04
06
06
06
06
06
07
07
09
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11

4
41
411
11
13
2
7107
8301
11
13
1402
2101
2104
2203
2206
23
3
4
55
62
6301
78
85
412
32
41
51
71
7302
7303
413
61
9402
8106
8107
82
3
1
38
71
72
75
1201
2B
1501
12
1
2
37
38
39
41
44
5
62
64
65
74
76
78
7905
91
92
93

See footnotes at end of table.

19

Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final DemandIntermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code
Household furniture2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial furniture2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Floor coverings2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Household appliances2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home electronic equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lawn and garden equipment excl. garden tractors2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passenger cars. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Light motor trucks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heavy motor trucks2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicles parts2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Truck trailers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Travel trailers and campers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aircraft. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ships2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Railroad equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Toys, games, and children’s vehicles2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sporting and athletic goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cigarettes2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mobile homes2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medical, surgical & personal aid devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jewelry, platinum and karat gold2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Costume jewelry and novelties2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand trade services3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery and vehicle wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and commercial equipment wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Furnishings wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals and allied products wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper and plastics products wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food and alcohol wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food and alcohol retailing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health, beauty, and optical goods retailing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel, jewelry, footwear, and accessories retailing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer hardware, software, and supplies retailing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TV, video, and photographic equipment and supplies retailing2. . . . . . . . . . .
Automobiles retailing (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automotive parts, including tires, retailing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RVs, trailers, and campers retailing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sporting goods, including boats, retailing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lawn, garden, and farm equipment and supplies retailing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture retailing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flooring and floor coverings retailing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware, building materials, and supplies retailing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Major household appliances retailing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuels and lubricants retailing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning supplies and paper products retailing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Book retailing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rail transportation of freight and mail2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Truck transportation of freight2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air transportation of freight2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rail transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Airline passenger services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . .
Sales of books2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sales and subscriptions of periodicals and newspapers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Application software publishing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advertising space sales in periodicals, newspapers, directories, and
mailing lists2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential wired telecommunication services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wireless telecommunication services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cable and satellite subscriber services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internet access services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Item
code

12
12
12
12
12
12
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
FD
FD
57
57
57
57
57
57
57
57
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
FD
30
30
30
30
30
30
FD
33
33
34

1
2
3
4
5
66
1101
1105
1106
12
14
16
21
31
4
11
12
21
5
6
9402
9404
42
423
1102
1103
1104
2
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6101
6102
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
422
11
12
14
16
21
22
421
11
12
2

36
37
37
37
37

1
11
2
3
4

See footnotes at end of table.

20

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change1

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change1

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

14.8
15.2
1.4
9.9
13.1
6.6
3.0
4.4
1.1
5.0
41.1
23.1
3.8
5.6
2.4
5.5
19.5
8.3
31.4
3.8
8.6
6.1
8.7
17.1
15.2
28.6
2.3
28.1
0.6
25.0
2.1
10.2
11.1
12.1
12.2
3.9
3.2
121.2
9.0
45.0
4.3
17.7
35.1
30.5
22.7
13.6
40.0
17.6
1.7
21.0
7.8
24.5
7.8
8.9
0.6
23.5
3.6
2.8
2.0
2.5

1.0
0.7
0.2
0.3
1.3
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.7
1.2
3.0
0.2
0.1
0.7
0.7
1.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
1.4
0.8
1.0
1.3
2.0
4.3
1.0
-3.0
-1.7
3.8
1.6
-2.1
1.5
0.4
4.7
-8.3
-12.1
2.3
0.1
-2.7
8.1
3.4
1.5
-1.8
-4.9
0.4
7.1
5.8
0.2
2.8
0.7
2.4
2.6
0.6
-0.1
5.3
0.6
0.5
0.5
-0.3

0.7
0.6
-0.1
0.9
0.1
1.1
-0.3
0.0
0.0
0.2
2.7
0.7
0.2
1.2
0.4
0.0
1.1
1.6
3.8
-0.2
-0.8
0.0
0.9
1.9
3.3
4.4
-2.2
7.6
1.1
-2.2
-1.9
1.5
1.7
3.0
0.8
4.9
1.5
7.5
1.1
5.6
-4.5
1.0
2.5
2.8
1.0
1.8
12.3
-1.5
-6.9
1.5
0.4
0.8
1.7
0.1
-0.2
4.0
0.3
1.2
0.5
-0.1

0.8
2.0
-4.7
1.4
1.3
0.6
0.2
0.6
0.4
0.6
4.9
2.3
0.4
1.4
0.5
2.6
3.6
0.8
2.9
1.6
0.7
0.0
0.9
1.4
2.5
3.4
0.1
1.9
-4.8
3.0
-3.1
0.5
1.2
2.7
1.2
5.8
8.3
1.9
-0.3
3.7
-1.7
0.7
2.1
17.9
11.0
8.7
-10.4
2.6
9.7
0.0
1.4
1.7
-0.2
1.3
-0.3
-4.8
0.8
0.9
0.3
1.2

0.6
1.3
0.6
0.7
0.9
0.5
0.6
1.0
0.0
0.2
6.3
0.0
0.4
-0.1
0.1
0.0
3.7
0.4
2.5
0.6
1.6
4.4
0.3
1.1
-0.2
3.2
-1.9
-1.2
2.0
0.5
1.0
2.8
2.1
1.2
-2.0
0.8
-0.5
1.8
0.6
-3.6
1.4
1.3
2.4
-0.3
9.2
1.5
0.1
0.1
-3.1
1.6
0.3
1.4
-2.8
-0.1
0.1
3.4
-0.3
2.2
-0.8
-4.7

1.4
1.6
0.2
0.8
1.5
0.3
0.3
0.9
0.0
0.2
0.6
0.5
1.5
0.1
0.0
-0.5
0.0
0.0
3.3
0.4
5.9
0.0
0.9
1.2
-0.1
-0.4
0.7
1.2
-1.0
6.7
2.0
0.5
-0.2
-0.2
0.1
-0.1
0.9
-2.4
2.4
1.0
1.6
0.0
4.5
0.6
3.9
1.3
22.7
0.9
0.2
5.5
0.5
6.6
1.4
1.0
0.0
6.9
0.3
-2.0
0.0
3.7

-0.1
1.5
0.6
2.3
-0.4

0.1
0.4
0.2
0.3
0.0

0.1
-0.1
-0.1
0.2
0.1

1.2
0.1
-0.2
1.8
0.0

-2.0
-0.4
0.7
-0.2
0.0

1.5
-0.2
-0.1
-0.1
0.0

Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final DemandIntermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code
Bundled wired telecommunications access services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Consumer loans (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deposit services (partial)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other credit intermediation, incl. trust services (partial)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services2. . .
Portfolio management2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Life insurance2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disability insurance, including accidental death2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health and medical insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Property and casualty insurance2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Annuities2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential property sales and leases, brokerage fees and commissions.. .
Passenger car rental. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tax preparation and planning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Architectural and engineering services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management, scientific, and technical consulting services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arrangement of flights (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arrangement of vehicle rentals and lodging2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arrangement of cruises and tours2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Physician care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medical laboratory and diagnostic imaging care2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home health and hospice care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hospital outpatient care2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dental care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hospital inpatient care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nursing home care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Traveler accommodation services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food and beverages for immediate consumption services (partial)2. . . . . . .
Motor vehicle repair and maintenance (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Membership dues and admissions and recreation facility use fees
(partial)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recreational activity instruction fees (partial)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gaming receipts (partial)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New warehouse building construction2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New school building construction2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New office building construction2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New industrial building construction2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New health care building construction2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Item
code

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change1

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change1

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

37
39
39
39
40
40
41
41
41
41
41
43
44
45
45
45
45
47
47
47
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
53
54
55

5
12
2
3
1
2
1101
1102
1103
1104
2
21
1
1
2102
3
4
1
2
3
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
2101
2102
11
1
2

3.5
-2.2
-4.1
-1.6
-2.6
1.2
2.0
-0.1
1.4
1.3
-1.5
13.6
20.0
5.5
-6.5
4.2
3.0
-3.6
16.4
10.2
0.8
0.1
2.6
4.2
3.8
3.3
1.5
30.2
7.3
4.0

-1.5
1.8
0.1
-1.7
8.2
2.6
-0.2
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.5
0.4
0.1
0.1
-0.3
0.2
0.7
-3.4
0.3
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.5
4.3
0.8
0.3

0.8
1.0
-3.6
-0.1
-1.2
-0.3
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.3
0.0
0.4
0.5
0.4
-1.3
0.0
0.4
-0.2
1.0
-6.1
0.2
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.1
5.1
0.6
0.4

0.2
-0.2
1.1
0.3
-0.5
1.8
1.8
-0.1
-0.5
0.2
-0.4
3.6
-5.7
1.0
-2.2
2.4
1.8
0.8
1.6
1.5
-0.5
0.0
0.6
1.8
1.8
1.1
0.0
-2.3
0.2
-0.7

0.0
-2.2
-0.6
1.2
1.5
-4.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
-0.1
1.0
-2.2
0.3
1.6
-0.1
-0.3
-0.8
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.7
-0.2
0.1
-3.1
0.1
1.5

0.1
1.1
-5.2
-0.3
-4.5
-1.4
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.1
-0.1
0.8
8.1
0.4
0.5
0.2
-0.5
1.0
-0.1
-0.4
-0.1
0.0
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.3
10.4
0.5
0.4

56
56
56
60
FD
80
80
80
80
80

1
2
3
1
43
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105

3.5
-1.7
4.8
12.0
16.7
28.7
12.6
17.2
18.5
15.4

0.9
0.0
2.3
0.1
0.3
-0.3
0.1
0.3
0.5
0.9

1.1
0.0
-3.8
2.0
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.6
0.4
0.1

0.3
0.0
2.1
2.4
3.6
6.3
2.9
4.0
3.8
2.9

0.7
0.0
-1.2
0.1
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.9
0.7
0.2

1.0
0.0
1.9
1.0
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.8
0.3
0.7

ID6
ID6
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
ID6
03
03
03
05
05
05
05
05
05
05
05
05
05

1
9112
21
22
3
4
53
7
9
9111
1
2
4
32
42
43
52
53
54
71
7203
7303
74

21.7
16.7
12.8
27.9
19.3
6.6
6.1
46.2
12.7
22.2
10.3
26.9
14.6
91.4
5.6
5.4
23.9
28.8
28.8
59.9
95.1
63.8
29.5

1.5
0.1
0.2
-1.6
0.9
-0.1
0.2
1.9
0.2
1.6
-0.3
3.6
0.9
-9.8
1.9
1.2
0.6
2.2
27.5
2.9
3.8
-3.2
4.3

-0.1
0.1
-2.8
2.6
2.3
0.5
1.3
-1.7
0.3
-0.1
-0.8
0.2
0.6
-15.5
-1.1
-1.0
-1.0
-2.6
-7.9
-1.8
-9.9
-3.3
-6.7

2.1
2.6
2.8
2.9
5.2
1.1
0.0
2.8
2.9
2.1
0.4
2.2
1.4
16.8
4.8
3.3
0.0
-4.4
-4.7
3.3
13.1
9.9
0.4

1.5
2.2
-0.7
3.1
3.9
0.8
1.1
5.3
2.9
1.5
0.1
1.4
1.2
8.0
-2.5
2.1
0.9
9.3
-3.3
14.6
14.5
14.2
16.6

2.1
2.0
-2.4
3.8
2.7
0.6
0.9
7.5
3.0
2.1
0.3
3.7
1.0
12.9
1.0
-0.6
-0.9
-8.3
-19.5
4.9
23.0
20.4
7.7

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type
Processed goods for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed foods and feeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Meats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed poultry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dairy products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed fruits and vegetables2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refined sugar and byproducts2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fats and oils2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prepared animal feeds2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed materials less foods and feeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synthetic fibers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed yarns and threads2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished fabrics2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Liquefied petroleum gas2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial electric power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial electric power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial natural gas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial natural gas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Natural gas to electric utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jet fuel2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
No. 2 diesel fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residual fuels2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

21

Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final DemandIntermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code
Finished lubricants2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricating oil base stocks2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Asphalt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic inorganic chemicals2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic organic chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prepared paint2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paint materials2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicinal and botanical chemicals2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Biological products, including diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fats and oils, inedible2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nitrogenates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Phosphates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other agricultural chemicals2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastic resins and materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial gases2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adhesives and sealants2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synthetic rubber2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tires2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastic construction products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unsupported plastic film, sheet, other shapes2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parts for manufacturing from plastics2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastic packaging products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Softwood lumber. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardwood lumber2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Millwork. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plywood2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paperboard2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper boxes and containers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building paper and board2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial printing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foundry and forge shop products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steel mill products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary nonferrous metals2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Secondary nonferrous metals2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aluminum mill shapes2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Copper and brass mill shapes2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonferrous wire and cable2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonferrous foundry shop products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metal containers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plumbing fixtures and brass fittings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heating equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated structural metal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, and washers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lighting fixtures2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated ferrous wire products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other miscellaneous metal products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fluid power equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mechanical power transmission equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metal valves, except fluid power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ball and roller bearings2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring devices2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motors, generators, motor generator sets2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switchgear, switchboard, and industrial controls equip.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic components and accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal combustion engines2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machine shop products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flat glass2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Concrete products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Asphalt felts and coatings2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paving mixtures and blocks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle parts2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aircraft engines and engine parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

05
05
05
06
06
06
06
06
06
06
06
06
06
06
06
06
07
07
07
07
07
07
08
08
08
08
09
09
09
09
09
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
13
13
13
13
13
14
14

Item
code
76
78
8102
13
14
21
22
31
37
4
5201
5202
53
6
7903
7904
1102
1201
21
22
26
2A
11
12
2
3
13
14
1503
2
47
15
17
22
24
2501
2502
26
28
3
4
5
6
7
81
83
88
89
43
45
48
4902
4905
71
73
75
78
94
95
11
22
3
6
94
12
23

See footnotes at end of table.

22

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change1

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change1

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

12.3
60.3
36.9
20.0
26.9
21.9
9.0
2.0
5.4
41.1
105.3
68.3
15.5
10.4
17.4
18.9
20.1
11.9
35.2
23.8
14.9
23.6
22.9
18.6
21.6
17.2
15.5
20.5
16.2
38.5
16.6
14.1
42.9
33.0
21.9
43.7
16.4
26.3
13.5
29.6
17.6
6.8
21.8
36.0
16.6
9.9
34.8
15.1
13.0
12.9
22.5
9.4
9.0
26.0
14.8
18.2
3.9
4.5
4.7
9.5
8.2
9.9
21.5
8.3
5.0
2.3

0.0
-5.3
11.0
1.1
2.4
0.8
4.0
-0.1
0.3
0.3
11.4
5.3
0.1
0.0
8.4
0.6
-1.5
0.8
1.7
1.9
0.8
2.2
6.9
-0.1
1.0
4.0
1.2
0.2
1.1
2.5
3.7
0.8
3.0
-3.7
0.8
2.0
1.2
1.5
1.2
1.3
1.2
0.6
1.1
3.3
0.1
0.4
1.1
0.7
0.5
0.5
1.8
0.5
0.6
1.5
2.5
0.4
0.6
0.0
0.1
0.6
0.1
0.9
2.9
0.8
0.7
0.0

0.2
0.4
2.9
1.9
-2.0
1.0
-1.2
0.2
2.2
-6.6
13.7
4.8
0.1
-1.3
3.1
2.0
-3.2
0.4
2.1
0.7
1.6
0.5
22.1
0.6
2.2
2.6
0.4
0.8
0.5
3.1
0.6
1.3
0.2
0.5
0.5
-5.7
-3.0
-1.6
0.8
2.8
0.3
1.0
3.0
1.9
0.7
0.8
2.7
1.4
2.0
0.6
1.4
1.4
-0.4
2.0
0.1
1.6
0.3
0.0
0.8
1.0
0.4
0.7
1.2
1.3
0.2
0.5

0.8
1.7
-4.4
3.6
-0.6
6.4
1.9
1.7
0.2
0.6
2.5
-1.0
4.1
-2.8
0.1
2.6
0.6
3.6
1.7
0.5
0.8
1.0
25.6
-3.0
4.9
18.1
0.9
0.1
1.8
16.4
1.3
2.4
-1.4
5.0
2.8
4.0
3.1
0.2
1.5
10.4
0.7
2.8
2.5
0.8
0.7
1.2
1.3
1.1
2.3
2.9
4.4
1.5
0.3
2.5
2.9
2.7
0.9
2.6
0.2
2.0
3.2
1.3
1.0
1.7
0.6
-0.3

0.4
1.2
3.2
2.6
1.5
0.6
2.3
0.0
0.1
7.9
2.6
-0.6
0.0
-0.7
1.9
3.4
-0.2
1.1
1.2
0.4
0.2
-0.2
2.6
3.4
1.8
7.9
0.7
0.1
1.6
17.9
2.8
1.0
-9.7
5.4
3.8
6.8
0.7
1.4
1.2
2.6
0.9
-1.0
1.4
1.3
1.3
0.4
2.2
0.9
1.0
0.2
1.9
0.9
1.7
1.0
2.9
3.3
0.0
0.0
0.1
1.2
0.9
1.0
2.4
1.1
0.2
0.2

0.0
8.8
5.3
0.7
3.5
1.1
0.5
0.0
-0.2
9.4
0.4
6.7
0.0
-1.6
0.0
1.6
0.9
0.0
1.5
2.3
1.2
0.5
6.0
-0.6
1.1
3.3
0.1
2.3
0.2
3.1
3.1
1.5
-4.9
2.2
3.7
6.2
2.2
4.4
0.7
-0.5
0.9
0.5
0.8
0.4
0.0
1.4
3.9
1.9
0.6
1.8
2.0
0.7
1.8
0.2
0.4
3.0
0.9
0.0
0.1
-1.4
0.6
0.2
1.4
1.2
0.2
1.2

Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final DemandIntermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code
Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Medical, surgical, and personal aid devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Item
code
25
6

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change1
Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change1

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

2.1
3.8

0.0
0.1

0.2
-0.2

0.7
1.6

-0.1
0.6

0.0
0.4

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheat2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Corn. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slaughter cattle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slaughter hogs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slaughter chickens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slaughter turkeys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Raw milk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alfalfa hay2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oilseeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Raw cane sugar and byproducts2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed nonfood materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Raw cotton2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hides and skins. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Natural gas2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crude petroleum2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logs, bolts, timber, pulpwood, and woodchips2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recyclable paper2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Iron ores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Iron and steel scrap2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonferrous metal ores2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Copper base scrap2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aluminum base scrap. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ID6
ID6
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
02
ID6
01
04
05
05
05
08
09
10
10
10
10
10
13

2
21
21
2202
31
32
4102
42
6
81
8301
5201
22
51
1
1
31
61
5
12
11
12
21
2301
2302
21

40.8
35.2
70.1
33.8
25.6
15.0
93.5
17.0
31.1
48.8
13.8
11.3
44.2
48.1
-15.6
30.0
62.9
62.2
4.7
59.1
23.3
29.2
21.2
13.2
44.1
8.0

2.3
1.3
6.6
3.8
1.6
-3.5
-3.2
-4.9
2.5
1.4
-1.6
0.7
2.7
12.9
-11.7
0.9
3.8
1.0
-0.4
-4.2
1.6
8.8
3.6
0.2
1.0
0.7

-4.9
3.8
3.1
3.2
2.9
-0.1
11.8
4.1
7.4
-0.4
0.5
1.5
-8.6
-9.3
-7.1
0.7
-14.8
-11.8
0.4
-7.3
-0.4
-1.8
-3.4
-0.6
-1.2
0.0

2.7
2.7
-3.2
1.6
-1.4
-7.0
1.6
3.4
17.5
8.4
8.7
-2.6
2.7
8.0
-4.9
15.9
-8.0
15.4
2.3
-6.1
0.3
-9.2
3.6
1.9
-0.2
2.6

13.0
5.6
1.3
1.8
3.3
30.7
0.6
0.1
4.2
8.7
9.3
3.2
16.6
4.7
9.7
2.4
46.1
12.7
0.2
-1.0
0.4
-1.3
0.2
1.8
0.5
1.0

-1.4
5.2
24.3
14.5
-0.4
-2.4
19.0
0.4
-7.6
4.3
5.6
0.9
-4.3
-1.5
-8.8
6.6
-30.1
7.2
0.4
4.8
3.7
27.6
5.6
1.2
3.4
1.0

Services for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services for intermediate demand3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals and allied products wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper and plastics products wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automotive parts, including tires, retailing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware, building material, and supplies retailing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . .
Rail transportation of freight and mail2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Truck transportation of freight2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water transportation of freight2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air transportation of freight2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pipeline transportation of petroleum products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. Postal Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Courier and messenger services, except air mail. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air mail and package delivery services, excluding by USPS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services related to water transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arrangement of freight and cargo2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warehousing, storage, and related services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate
demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network compensation from broadcast TV, cable TV, radio2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advertising space sales in directories and mail lists2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Television advertising time sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radio advertising time sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internet advertising space sales, excluding Internet ads sold by print
publishers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Business wired telecommunication services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wireless telecommunication services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cable and satellite subscriber services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bundled wired telecommunication access services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data processing and related services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Business loans (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ID6
ID6
57
57
57
57
57
57
58
58
ID6
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
31
31
32

3
33
1102
3
4
5
6
8101
6102
D
32
11
12
13
14
1501
1601
1602
1603
2
1
31
1

7.4
15.3
15.2
31.7
10.6
0.6
25.0
10.6
9.0
22.7
15.9
7.8
24.5
16.9
7.8
1.6
5.5
9.5
15.7
23.1
4.3
70.2
11.4

0.6
-0.6
2.0
-3.2
-7.5
-1.7
3.8
-3.0
0.1
-4.9
1.0
0.7
2.4
-0.2
2.6
0.4
0.0
1.0
1.6
5.2
0.2
-1.1
-1.2

0.8
1.4
3.3
0.5
2.0
1.1
-2.2
1.6
1.1
1.0
1.5
0.4
0.8
1.9
1.7
0.3
0.2
0.3
-0.6
3.9
0.6
6.6
3.4

0.8
1.4
2.5
3.4
-2.7
-4.8
3.0
0.4
-0.3
11.0
0.6
1.4
1.7
0.9
-0.2
-0.1
-0.6
2.4
3.5
-4.8
0.4
-2.4
6.0

0.0
0.7
-0.2
2.9
-7.0
2.0
0.5
3.1
0.6
9.2
0.3
0.3
1.4
1.1
-2.8
0.2
-1.9
0.7
2.4
3.3
0.5
2.7
-4.3

0.6
1.9
-0.1
2.9
0.4
-1.0
6.7
0.6
2.4
3.9
2.0
0.5
6.6
-0.4
1.4
0.4
0.2
1.2
2.6
6.8
0.4
-1.1
0.0

ID6
35
36
36
36
36

31
–
11
12
2
3

3.3
2.3
-0.1
0.1
-6.9
13.3

0.9
0.0
0.2
0.0
5.4
9.5

0.5
0.0
0.1
0.0
3.3
-0.7

0.6
2.8
1.5
0.0
1.1
-13.5

-0.3
0.0
-2.4
0.0
-3.1
9.7

-0.1
0.0
1.8
0.0
0.5
1.1

36
37
37
37
37
38
39

5
12
2
3
5
1
11

15.3
0.3
0.6
2.3
3.5
0.0
6.3

0.9
0.1
0.2
0.3
-1.5
0.0
0.3

1.0
0.1
-0.1
0.2
0.8
0.0
2.0

1.7
-0.1
-0.2
1.8
0.2
-0.4
-0.7

-2.6
0.0
0.7
-0.2
0.0
0.1
-2.2

5.5
0.0
-0.1
-0.1
0.1
0.0
1.5

See footnotes at end of table.

23

Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final DemandIntermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code
Deposit services (partial)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other credit intermediation, incl. trust services (partial)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services2. . . . .
Portfolio management2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Investment banking2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Life insurance2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health and medical insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Property and casualty insurance2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Annuities2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commissions from sales of insurance2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonresidential real estate rents2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonresidential property sales and leases2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential property management fees2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passenger car rental. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Truck, utility trailer, and RV rental and leasing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and
leasing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accounting services (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Architectural and engineering services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management, scientific, and technical consulting services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advertising and related services (partial)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Permanent placement services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Executive search services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Staffing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Security guard services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Janitorial services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Waste collection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Traveler accommodation services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and
maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aircraft repair and maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metal treatment services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Item
code

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change1

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change1

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

39
39
40
40
40
41
41
41
41
42
43
43
43
44
44

2
3
1
2
3
1101
1103
1104
2
1
11
12
22
1
2

-4.1
-1.6
-2.6
1.2
3.5
2.0
1.4
1.3
-1.5
0.5
1.8
8.1
6.6
20.0
2.7

0.1
-1.7
8.2
2.6
0.0
-0.2
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.5
0.2

-3.6
-0.1
-1.2
-0.3
1.9
0.0
0.3
0.3
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.7
1.2
0.5
0.1

1.1
0.3
-0.5
1.8
0.1
1.8
-0.5
0.2
-0.4
0.0
1.2
1.6
0.0
-5.7
-0.6

-0.6
1.2
1.5
-4.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.4
-0.1
0.0
-2.2
-0.2
0.9
-2.2
-0.7

-5.2
-0.3
-4.5
-1.4
-3.9
0.2
0.1
0.1
-0.1
0.0
-1.1
-0.1
0.2
8.1
0.2

44
45
45
45
45
45
46
46
46
48
49
50
53

3
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
1
1
1
11

1.2
5.5
-0.1
4.2
3.0
7.7
6.0
-2.0
7.1
6.1
8.3
2.9
30.2

0.7
0.4
0.1
0.1
-0.3
5.0
0.2
1.7
0.9
0.0
0.3
0.4
4.3

-0.1
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.4
1.6
2.3
-0.1
0.8
0.5
2.6
0.5
5.1

-0.2
1.0
-0.3
2.4
1.8
2.3
0.5
-5.1
0.8
1.1
1.6
0.2
-2.3

0.2
0.3
0.6
-0.1
-0.3
1.3
-0.9
5.1
0.3
0.1
1.3
0.9
-3.1

0.1
0.4
0.3
0.2
-0.5
-0.1
0.2
-2.2
0.6
0.1
0.0
-1.0
10.4

55
55
59

1
4
1

8.3
4.9
10.6

0.4
0.5
0.8

0.2
0.2
1.1

1.2
0.3
-0.7

3.1
0.0
0.7

0.5
0.4
1.9

4
2

14.0
14.0

0.5
0.5

0.0
0.0

2.2
2.2

1.0
1.0

1.2
1.2

4
9411
2
21
23
3
42
43
71
7303
14
21
31
37
38
21
22
26
2A
1
2
1503
47
17
26
7
89
48
71

11.8
17.3
40.1
12.8
19.7
19.3
5.6
5.4
59.9
63.8
26.9
21.9
2.0
5.4
1.4
35.2
23.8
14.9
23.6
21.8
21.6
16.2
16.6
42.9
26.3
36.0
15.1
22.5
26.0

1.1
1.5
4.5
0.2
2.5
0.9
1.9
1.2
2.9
-3.2
2.4
0.8
-0.1
0.3
0.2
1.7
1.9
0.8
2.2
4.4
1.0
1.1
3.7
3.0
1.5
3.3
0.7
1.8
1.5

0.7
0.6
3.2
-2.8
1.8
2.3
-1.1
-1.0
-1.8
-3.3
-2.0
1.0
0.2
2.2
0.1
2.1
0.7
1.6
0.5
14.6
2.2
0.5
0.6
0.2
-1.6
1.9
1.4
1.4
2.0

1.5
2.0
0.4
2.8
-13.2
5.2
4.8
3.3
3.3
9.9
-0.6
6.4
1.7
0.2
-0.4
1.7
0.5
0.8
1.0
16.9
4.9
1.8
1.3
-1.4
0.2
0.8
1.1
4.4
2.5

0.5
1.2
1.9
-0.7
2.2
3.9
-2.5
2.1
14.6
14.2
1.5
0.6
0.0
0.1
0.5
1.2
0.4
0.2
-0.2
2.8
1.8
1.6
2.8
-9.7
1.4
1.3
0.9
1.9
1.0

0.8
1.4
16.1
-2.4
1.1
2.7
1.0
-0.6
4.9
20.4
3.5
1.1
0.0
-0.2
0.3
1.5
2.3
1.2
0.5
4.3
1.1
0.2
3.1
-4.9
4.4
0.4
1.9
2.0
0.2

Construction for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ID6
Maintenance and repair of non-residential buildings (partial)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Intermediate Demand by Production Flow
Stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stage 4 intermediate demand goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Grains. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Meats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed and packaged fish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dairy products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial electric power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial electric power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
No. 2 diesel fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic organic chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prepared paint2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicinal and botanical chemicals2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Biological products, including diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pharmaceutical preparations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastic construction products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unsupported plastic film, sheet, and other shapes2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parts for manufacturing from plastics2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastic packaging products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lumber. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Millwork. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper boxes and containers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial printing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steel mill products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonferrous wire and cable2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated structural metal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other miscellaneous metal products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring devices2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ID5
ID5
01
02
02
02
05
05
05
05
06
06
06
06
06
07
07
07
07
08
08
09
09
10
10
10
10
11
11

See footnotes at end of table.

24

Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final DemandIntermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code
Electronic components and accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and equipment2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal combustion engines2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machine shop products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Concrete ingredients and related products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Concrete products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prepared asphalt, tar roofing and siding products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paving mixtures and blocks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle parts2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aircraft engines and engine parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medical, surgical and personal aid devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stage 4 intermediate demand services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Truck transportation of freight2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Airline passenger services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warehousing, storage, and related services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data processing and related services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Business loans (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deposit services (partial)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services2. . . . .
Portfolio management2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Investment banking2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Annuities2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonresidential real estate rents2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonresidential property sales and leases2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonresidential property management fees2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential property management fees2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and
leasing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advertising agency services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accounting services (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Architectural and engineering services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management, scientific, and technical consulting services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Staffing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Janitorial services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and
maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals and allied products wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper and plastics products wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food and alcohol wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware and building materials and supplies retailing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metal treatment services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stage 3 intermediate demand goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slaughter cattle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slaughter hogs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slaughter poultry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Raw milk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial electric power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial electric power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jet fuel2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
No. 2 diesel fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished lubricants2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricating oil base stocks2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Asphalt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic inorganic chemicals2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic organic chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paints and allied products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Item
code

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change1

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change1

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

11
11
11
11
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
15
ID5
30
30
30
32
36
38
39
39
40
40
40
41
41
43
43
43
43

78
79
94
95
2
3
61
94
12
23
25
6
9412
12
16
22
1
11
1
11
2
1
2
3
11
2
11
12
13
22

3.9
5.2
4.5
4.7
8.1
9.9
22.6
8.3
5.0
2.3
2.1
3.8
7.1
24.5
8.9
23.5
11.4
-0.1
0.0
6.3
-4.1
-2.6
1.2
3.5
1.4
-1.5
1.8
8.1
6.5
6.6

0.6
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.5
0.9
3.2
0.8
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.7
2.4
0.6
5.3
-1.2
0.2
0.0
0.3
0.1
8.2
2.6
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.2

0.3
0.1
0.0
0.8
0.1
0.7
1.3
1.3
0.2
0.5
0.2
-0.2
0.8
0.8
0.1
4.0
3.4
0.1
0.0
2.0
-3.6
-1.2
-0.3
1.9
0.2
0.0
1.0
0.7
0.2
1.2

0.9
1.1
2.6
0.2
2.8
1.3
0.7
1.7
0.6
-0.3
0.7
1.6
1.1
1.7
1.3
-4.8
6.0
1.5
-0.4
-0.7
1.1
-0.5
1.8
0.1
0.2
-0.4
1.2
1.6
1.2
0.0

0.0
0.5
0.0
0.1
1.0
1.0
2.4
1.1
0.2
0.2
-0.1
0.6
-0.3
1.4
-0.1
3.4
-4.3
-2.4
0.1
-2.2
-0.6
1.5
-4.2
0.2
0.3
-0.1
-2.2
-0.2
2.5
0.9

0.9
0.7
0.0
0.1
0.9
0.2
1.6
1.2
0.2
1.2
0.0
0.4
0.2
6.6
1.0
6.9
0.0
1.8
0.0
1.5
-5.2
-4.5
-1.4
-3.9
0.2
-0.1
-1.1
-0.1
0.0
0.2

44
45
45
45
45
45
46
49

3
1
51
2
3
4
3
1

1.2
5.5
7.7
-0.1
4.2
3.0
7.1
8.3

0.7
0.4
5.0
0.1
0.1
-0.3
0.9
0.3

-0.1
0.4
1.6
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.8
2.6

-0.2
1.0
2.3
-0.3
2.4
1.8
0.8
1.6

0.2
0.3
1.3
0.6
-0.1
-0.3
0.3
1.3

0.1
0.4
-0.1
0.3
0.2
-0.5
0.6
0.0

55
57
57
57
57
57
57
58
59

1
1102
3
4
5
6
8
D
1

8.3
15.2
31.7
10.6
0.6
25.0
10.2
22.7
10.6

0.4
2.0
-3.2
-7.5
-1.7
3.8
-2.1
-4.9
0.8

0.2
3.3
0.5
2.0
1.1
-2.2
1.5
1.0
1.1

1.2
2.5
3.4
-2.7
-4.8
3.0
0.5
11.0
-0.7

3.1
-0.2
2.9
-7.0
2.0
0.5
2.8
9.2
0.7

0.5
-0.1
2.9
0.4
-1.0
6.7
0.5
3.9
1.9

ID5
ID5
01
01
01
01
05
05
05
05
05
05
05
05
06
06
06

3
9311
31
32
4
6
42
43
71
7203
7303
76
78
8102
13
14
2

19.0
30.4
25.6
15.0
76.1
31.1
5.6
5.4
59.9
95.1
63.8
12.3
60.3
36.9
20.0
26.9
18.6

0.8
1.2
1.6
-3.5
-3.4
2.5
1.9
1.2
2.9
3.8
-3.2
0.0
-5.3
11.0
1.1
2.4
1.5

0.8
0.7
2.9
-0.1
10.3
7.4
-1.1
-1.0
-1.8
-9.9
-3.3
0.2
0.4
2.9
1.9
-2.0
0.5

1.7
2.6
-1.4
-7.0
1.9
17.5
4.8
3.3
3.3
13.1
9.9
0.8
1.7
-4.4
3.6
-0.6
5.3

1.4
2.6
3.3
30.7
0.5
4.2
-2.5
2.1
14.6
14.5
14.2
0.4
1.2
3.2
2.6
1.5
1.0

2.3
3.6
-0.4
-2.4
15.7
-7.6
1.0
-0.6
4.9
23.0
20.4
0.0
8.8
5.3
0.7
3.5
0.9

See footnotes at end of table.

25

Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final DemandIntermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code
Agricultural chemicals and chemical products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastic resins and materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synthetic rubber2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unsupported plastic film, sheet, and other shapes2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paperboard2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Converted paper and paperboard products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial printing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foundry and forge shop products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steel mill products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonferrous mill shapes2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonferrous foundry shop products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metal containers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Structural, architectural, and pre-engineered metal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, and washers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other miscellaneous metal products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General purpose machinery and equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical machinery and equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle parts2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aircraft and aircraft equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stage 3 intermediate demand services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rail transportation of freight and mail2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arrangement of freight and cargo2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Freight forwarding2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warehousing, storage, and related services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advertising space sales in periodicals, newspapers, directories, and mailing
lists2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wired telephone services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bundled wired telecommunications access services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data processing and related services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Business loans (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deposit services (partial)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services2. . . . .
Insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonresidential real estate rents2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accounting services (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Architectural and engineering services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management, scientific, and technical consulting services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advertising agency services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Staffing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aircraft repair maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals and allied products wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper and plastics products wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metal treatment services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stage 2 intermediate demand goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Corn. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oilseeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prepared animal feeds2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Natural gas2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Liquefied petroleum gas2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crude petroleum2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
No. 2 diesel fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastic resins and materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastic products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logs, bolts, timber, pulpwood, and wood chips2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Item
code

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change1

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change1

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

06
06
07
07
09
09
09
09
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
13
13
14
14
ID5
30
30
31
31
32

5
6
1102
22
13
14
15
47
15
17
25
28
3
74
81
89
4
7
21
22
12
2
9312
11
16
31
3201
1

49.0
10.4
20.1
23.8
15.5
20.5
13.2
16.6
14.1
42.9
30.8
13.5
29.6
43.8
16.6
15.1
14.2
7.9
8.0
8.2
5.0
3.1
8.4
7.8
8.9
70.2
10.1
11.4

3.7
0.0
-1.5
1.9
1.2
0.2
1.0
3.7
0.8
3.0
1.6
1.2
1.3
2.9
0.1
0.7
1.0
0.7
0.7
0.1
0.7
0.1
0.4
0.7
0.6
-1.1
1.2
-1.2

5.0
-1.3
-3.2
0.7
0.4
0.8
0.5
0.6
1.3
0.2
-4.0
0.8
2.8
2.1
0.7
1.4
1.4
0.5
0.0
0.4
0.2
0.3
0.8
0.4
0.1
6.6
1.1
3.4

2.3
-2.8
0.6
0.5
0.9
0.1
1.2
1.3
2.4
-1.4
3.8
1.5
10.4
0.2
0.7
1.1
2.0
1.1
2.6
3.2
0.6
0.3
0.7
1.4
1.3
-2.4
-0.3
6.0

1.1
-0.7
-0.2
0.4
0.7
0.1
1.3
2.8
1.0
-9.7
4.1
1.2
2.6
1.1
1.3
0.9
1.4
0.5
1.0
0.9
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.3
-0.1
2.7
-1.4
-4.3

2.2
-1.6
0.9
2.3
0.1
2.3
0.5
3.1
1.5
-4.9
4.3
0.7
-0.5
0.7
0.0
1.9
1.1
0.9
1.0
0.6
0.2
1.1
0.8
0.5
1.0
-1.1
0.2
0.0

36
37
37
38
39
39
40
41
43
45
45
45
45
45
46
55
57
57
57
57
57
57
59

1
1
5
1
11
2
1
11
11
1
2
3
4
51
3
4
1102
3
4
5
6
8101
1

-0.1
0.6
3.5
0.0
6.3
-4.1
-2.6
1.4
1.8
5.5
-0.1
4.2
3.0
7.7
7.1
4.9
15.2
31.7
10.6
0.6
25.0
10.6
10.6

0.1
0.1
-1.5
0.0
0.3
0.1
8.2
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.1
0.1
-0.3
5.0
0.9
0.5
2.0
-3.2
-7.5
-1.7
3.8
-3.0
0.8

0.1
0.0
0.8
0.0
2.0
-3.6
-1.2
0.2
1.0
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.4
1.6
0.8
0.2
3.3
0.5
2.0
1.1
-2.2
1.6
1.1

1.2
0.1
0.2
-0.4
-0.7
1.1
-0.5
0.2
1.2
1.0
-0.3
2.4
1.8
2.3
0.8
0.3
2.5
3.4
-2.7
-4.8
3.0
0.4
-0.7

-2.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
-2.2
-0.6
1.5
0.3
-2.2
0.3
0.6
-0.1
-0.3
1.3
0.3
0.0
-0.2
2.9
-7.0
2.0
0.5
3.1
0.7

1.5
0.0
0.1
0.0
1.5
-5.2
-4.5
0.2
-1.1
0.4
0.3
0.2
-0.5
-0.1
0.6
0.4
-0.1
2.9
0.4
-1.0
6.7
0.6
1.9

ID5
ID5
01
01
02
05
05
05
05
05
06
06
07
08

2
9211
2202
83
9
1
31
32
61
7303
1
6
2
5

20.5
35.9
33.8
13.8
12.7
30.0
62.9
91.4
62.2
63.8
25.9
10.4
24.0
4.7

1.2
1.7
3.8
-1.6
0.2
0.9
3.8
-9.8
1.0
-3.2
2.3
0.0
1.9
-0.4

-2.2
-5.7
3.2
0.5
0.3
0.7
-14.8
-15.5
-11.8
-3.3
-1.5
-1.3
1.6
0.4

1.3
2.5
1.6
8.7
2.9
15.9
-8.0
16.8
15.4
9.9
0.0
-2.8
1.0
2.3

5.6
11.4
1.8
9.3
2.9
2.4
46.1
8.0
12.7
14.2
1.7
-0.7
1.0
0.2

-1.2
-3.1
14.5
5.6
3.0
6.6
-30.1
12.9
7.2
20.4
3.1
-1.6
1.2
0.4

See footnotes at end of table.

26

Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final DemandIntermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code

Item
code

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change1

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change1

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

Paper2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paperboard, excluding corrugated paperboard2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial printing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Iron and steel scrap2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steel mill products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonferrous mill shapes2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical machinery and equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic components and accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stage 2 intermediate demand services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rail transportation of freight and mail2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Truck transportation of freight2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pipeline transportation of petroleum products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. Postal Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Courier and messenger services, except air. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air mail and package delivery services, excluding by USPS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Airline passenger services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arrangement of freight and cargo2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Television advertising time sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wireless telecommunication services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data processing and related services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services2. . . . .
Portfolio management2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Investment banking2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commissions from sales of insurance2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accounting services (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management, scientific, and technical consulting services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advertising agency services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Staffing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Security guard services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Janitorial services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Traveler accommodation services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and
maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware and building materials and supplies retailing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

09
09
09
10
10
10
11
11
ID5
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
31
36
37
38
40
40
40
41
42
45
45
45
45
46
48
49
53

13
1411
47
12
17
25
7
78
9212
11
12
1501
1601
1602
1603
22
31
21
2
1
1
2
31
11
11
1
2
4
51
3
1
1
1

15.5
21.9
16.6
29.2
42.9
30.8
7.9
3.9
7.7
7.8
24.5
1.6
5.5
9.5
15.7
23.5
70.2
-6.9
0.6
0.0
-2.6
1.2
3.5
1.4
0.5
5.5
-0.1
3.0
7.7
7.1
6.1
8.3
30.2

1.2
0.1
3.7
8.8
3.0
1.6
0.7
0.6
0.7
0.7
2.4
0.4
0.0
1.0
1.6
5.3
-1.1
5.4
0.2
0.0
8.2
2.6
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.1
-0.3
5.0
0.9
0.0
0.3
4.3

0.4
0.8
0.6
-1.8
0.2
-4.0
0.5
0.3
1.2
0.4
0.8
0.3
0.2
0.3
-0.6
4.0
6.6
3.3
-0.1
0.0
-1.2
-0.3
1.9
0.2
0.0
0.4
0.1
0.4
1.6
0.8
0.5
2.6
5.1

0.9
0.3
1.3
-9.2
-1.4
3.8
1.1
0.9
0.1
1.4
1.7
-0.1
-0.6
2.4
3.5
-4.8
-2.4
1.1
-0.2
-0.4
-0.5
1.8
0.1
0.2
0.0
1.0
-0.3
1.8
2.3
0.8
1.1
1.6
-2.3

0.7
0.0
2.8
-1.3
-9.7
4.1
0.5
0.0
0.1
0.3
1.4
0.2
-1.9
0.7
2.4
3.4
2.7
-3.1
0.7
0.1
1.5
-4.2
0.2
0.3
0.0
0.3
0.6
-0.3
1.3
0.3
0.1
1.3
-3.1

0.1
2.4
3.1
27.6
-4.9
4.3
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.5
6.6
0.4
0.2
1.2
2.6
6.9
-1.1
0.5
-0.1
0.0
-4.5
-1.4
-3.9
0.2
0.0
0.4
0.3
-0.5
-0.1
0.6
0.1
0.0
10.4

55
58

1
D

8.3
22.7

0.4
-4.9

0.2
1.0

1.2
11.0

3.1
9.2

0.5
3.9

Stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stage 1 intermediate demand goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prepared animal feeds2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial electric power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial electric power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial natural gas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial natural gas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
No. 2 diesel fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prepared paint2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastic construction products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recyclable paper2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Converted paper and paperboard products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Iron and steel scrap2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steel mill products2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary nonferrous metals2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonferrous scrap. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonferrous wire and cable2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated structural metal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General purpose machinery and equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stage 1 intermediate demand services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Truck transportation of freight2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Airline passenger services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advertising space sales in periodicals, newspapers, directories, and mailing
lists2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Business wired telecommunication services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wireless telecommunication services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ID5
ID5
02
05
05
05
05
05
05
06
06
07
09
09
09
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
13
ID5
30
30

1
9111
9
42
43
52
53
71
7303
1
21
21
12
13
15
12
17
22
23
26
7
4
21
9112
12
22

16.4
24.5
12.7
5.6
5.4
23.9
28.8
59.9
63.8
25.9
21.9
35.2
59.1
15.5
13.2
29.2
42.9
33.0
19.2
26.3
36.0
14.2
8.0
8.5
24.5
23.5

1.3
2.0
0.2
1.9
1.2
0.6
2.2
2.9
-3.2
2.3
0.8
1.7
-4.2
1.2
1.0
8.8
3.0
-3.7
0.3
1.5
3.3
1.0
0.7
0.5
2.4
5.3

0.4
0.0
0.3
-1.1
-1.0
-1.0
-2.6
-1.8
-3.3
-1.5
1.0
2.1
-7.3
0.4
0.5
-1.8
0.2
0.5
-5.2
-1.6
1.9
1.4
0.0
0.8
0.8
4.0

1.3
1.7
2.9
4.8
3.3
0.0
-4.4
3.3
9.9
0.0
6.4
1.7
-6.1
0.9
1.2
-9.2
-1.4
5.0
4.1
0.2
0.8
2.0
2.6
0.9
1.7
-4.8

0.9
1.6
2.9
-2.5
2.1
0.9
9.3
14.6
14.2
1.7
0.6
1.2
-1.0
0.7
1.3
-1.3
-9.7
5.4
6.2
1.4
1.3
1.4
1.0
0.0
1.4
3.4

2.1
3.0
3.0
1.0
-0.6
-0.9
-8.3
4.9
20.4
3.1
1.1
1.5
4.8
0.1
0.5
27.6
-4.9
2.2
4.2
4.4
0.4
1.1
1.0
1.1
6.6
6.9

36
37
37

1
12
2

-0.1
0.3
0.6

0.1
0.1
0.2

0.1
0.1
-0.1

1.2
-0.1
-0.2

-2.0
0.0
0.7

1.5
0.0
-0.1

See footnotes at end of table.

27

Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final DemandIntermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted — Continued
[March 2022]
Commodity
code
Grouping
Group
code
Bundled wired telecommunications access services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Business loans (partial). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deposit services (partial)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services2. . . . .
Portfolio management2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Investment banking2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonresidential real estate rents2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Architectural and engineering services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management consulting services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Waste collection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Traveler accommodation services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and
maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals and allied products wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper and plastics products wholesaling2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware and building materials and supplies retailing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Item
code

Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change1

Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change1

Mar. 2021
to
Mar. 2022p

Oct. to
Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.p

Dec. to
Jan.p

Jan. to
Feb.p

Feb. to
Mar.p

37
39
39
40
40
40
41
43
45
45
50
53

5
11
2
1
2
3
11
11
3
41
1
11

3.5
6.3
-4.1
-2.6
1.2
3.5
1.4
1.8
4.2
3.0
2.9
30.2

-1.5
0.3
0.1
8.2
2.6
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
-0.3
0.4
4.3

0.8
2.0
-3.6
-1.2
-0.3
1.9
0.2
1.0
0.0
0.4
0.5
5.1

0.2
-0.7
1.1
-0.5
1.8
0.1
0.2
1.2
2.4
1.8
0.2
-2.3

0.0
-2.2
-0.6
1.5
-4.2
0.2
0.3
-2.2
-0.1
-0.3
0.9
-3.1

0.1
1.5
-5.2
-4.5
-1.4
-3.9
0.2
-1.1
0.2
-0.5
-1.0
10.4

55
57
57
57
57
57
58
60

1
1102
3
4
5
6
D
1

8.3
15.2
31.7
10.6
0.6
25.0
22.7
12.0

0.4
2.0
-3.2
-7.5
-1.7
3.8
-4.9
0.1

0.2
3.3
0.5
2.0
1.1
-2.2
1.0
2.0

1.2
2.5
3.4
-2.7
-4.8
3.0
11.0
2.4

3.1
-0.2
2.9
-7.0
2.0
0.5
9.2
0.1

0.5
-0.1
2.9
0.4
-1.0
6.7
3.9
1.0

1

All indexes are subject to revision for 4 months after their originally scheduled publication to incorporate late reports and corrections by survey respondents. In addition, seasonally
adjusted indexes are subject to change for up to 5 years due to the recalculation of seasonal factors published each January.
Seasonal tests did not indicate the presence of seasonality. Data shown is not seasonally adjusted.
3
Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.
p Preliminary
″-″ Data not available.
NOTE: The term ″(partial)″ denotes incomplete coverage of the index category.
2

28

Table 3. Producer price indexes for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand groupings, seasonally adjusted
[March 2022, Index base Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping

Commodity
Other
code
index
Group
Item
base
code
code

Seasonally adjusted index1
Nov.
2021

Dec.
2021p

Jan.
2022p

Feb.
2022p

Mar.
2022p

Final Demand
Final demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished consumer foods2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished consumer foods, crude. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished consumer foods, processed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods for export. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished consumer energy goods2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy for export. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand goods less foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished goods less foods and energy2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished consumer goods less foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable consumer goods less foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable consumer goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private capital equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private capital equipment for manufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private capital equipment for nonmanufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased goods, excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased goods excluding foods, energy, and capital
equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased capital equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods for export, excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand trade services3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade of finished goods2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade of personal consumption goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade of private capital equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade of government purchased goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade of government purchased goods, excluding capital equipment. . .
Trade of government purchased capital equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade of exports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers for final demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of private passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of government passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers for export. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods for final demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of finished goods2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of personal consumption goods. . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of private capital equipment. . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of government purchased goods. . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of exports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . .
Finished services less trade, transportation, and warehousing2. . . . . . . . . . .
Finished consumer services less trade, transportation, and
warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private capital investment services less trade, transportation, and
warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased services less trade, transportation, and
warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gov. purchased services less trade, transportation, and warehousing,
excl. capital investment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased capital investment services less trade,
transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services for export less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction for private capital investment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction for government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD

4
41
411
4111
41113
41112
4112
4113
412
4121
4122
4123
413
4131
41311
413111
413112
41312
413121
413122
4132

131.264
132.180
137.325
239.945
264.191
237.865
140.643
144.936
132.648
208.517
138.359
122.351
130.602
224.076
250.504
321.594
176.987
191.080
199.748
188.374
126.704

131.989
132.104
137.018
239.338
254.221
238.263
140.526
144.730
130.764
206.598
134.034
117.314
131.110
225.329
251.969
323.776
177.739
192.093
201.147
189.280
127.430

133.545
134.177
139.470
243.240
240.941
244.022
144.205
147.893
136.086
213.403
143.100
127.185
132.142
227.248
253.779
325.719
179.375
194.023
203.914
190.980
128.875

134.799
137.253
142.356
247.581
245.305
248.370
147.499
152.840
146.295
228.380
154.906
142.549
133.192
229.508
256.210
328.944
180.995
196.034
206.833
192.741
129.860

136.653
140.377
145.727
252.677
278.311
250.476
148.129
160.029
154.692
238.078
173.160
158.193
134.718
231.281
257.995
330.640
182.816
197.718
209.555
194.142
131.575

FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD

41321
41322
4133
42
423
4231
42311
42312
4232
42321
42322
4233
422
4221
42211
42212
42213
4222
42221
422211
422212
42222
42223
421
4211

133.935
115.817
132.870
130.179
137.059
136.149
136.259
134.160
141.060
146.339
131.738
144.180
138.395
110.800
110.858
110.887
110.557
148.846
147.984
148.239
146.967
145.746
152.612
126.285
126.705

134.813
116.343
132.925
131.319
139.664
138.732
138.614
137.710
143.377
147.652
135.559
147.087
140.483
115.120
115.167
115.145
114.928
149.931
149.087
149.322
148.149
147.030
153.617
126.659
127.096

136.815
117.067
133.677
132.519
141.621
140.676
140.139
141.467
146.045
149.726
139.104
148.911
140.450
109.627
109.686
109.723
109.377
152.292
151.328
151.541
150.478
149.280
156.307
127.633
128.057

138.391
117.293
134.294
132.856
143.227
142.334
141.660
143.710
147.733
150.770
141.757
150.037
142.688
113.264
113.315
113.311
113.054
153.890
152.933
153.097
152.278
149.927
158.113
127.199
127.660

140.220
118.840
136.621
134.083
144.990
144.248
144.004
143.716
148.995
152.957
141.600
150.658
150.541
121.002
121.032
120.942
120.878
161.700
161.076
161.129
160.874
156.354
165.485
127.532
128.104

FD

42111

126.550

126.880

127.646

127.209

127.582

FD

42112

128.417

129.346

132.025

131.988

133.055

FD

4212

118.528

118.904

119.834

119.519

119.337

FD

42121

118.938

119.320

120.288

120.023

119.775

FD
FD
FD
FD
FD

42122
4213
43
431
432

107.777
129.889
146.017
147.757
142.645

108.021
130.017
146.383
148.257
142.769

108.159
131.231
151.635
154.079
146.987

106.838
130.125
152.420
154.950
147.614

108.015
129.403
153.363
155.895
148.553

04/10
04/10

FD
FD

49101
49102

128.763
129.558

129.522
130.319

131.083
131.779

132.325
132.964

134.028
134.709

04/10
04/10

FD
FD

49103
49104

129.448
129.221

130.419
130.184

131.584
131.402

132.132
131.915

133.434
133.197

04/10

FD

49105

129.265

130.037

131.483

132.692

134.477

00/82
00/82
00/82

00/82

00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82

Final Demand Special Groupings
Final demand less exports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate
consumption, and energy4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less foods and energy4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate
consumption4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

29

Table 3. Producer price indexes for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand groupings, seasonally
adjusted — Continued
[March 2022, Index base Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping
Final demand less foods4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less distributive services5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand goods less energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand goods less foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand services less trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand distributive services5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand goods plus final demand distributive services5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final demand less foods, energy, and trade services4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private and government purchased capital equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private and government purchased capital investment services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private and government purchased capital investment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total finished2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total finished less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate
consumption, and energy2, 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total finished less foods and energy2, 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total finished less
foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate
2
consumption , 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total finished less foods2, 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total finished less energy2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished goods2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished goods less energy2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished goods, excluding foods2, 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private capital investment services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished distributive services2, 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished services less trade services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished services less distributive services2, 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private capital investment (goods, services, and construction). . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finished goods plus finished distributive services2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total exports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods for export. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services for export. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total government purchases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government purchased services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total government purchased capital investment (goods, services, construction).. .
Personal consumption. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption goods (finished consumer goods). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption goods less energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption goods less foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption nondurable goods less foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption less trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption less distributive services5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption less foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption less foods, energy, and trade services3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption less foods, energy, and distributive services5. . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal consumption goods plus personal consumption distributive services5. . .

Commodity
Other
code
index
Item
base Group
code
code

Seasonally adjusted index1
Nov.
2021

Dec.
2021p

Jan.
2022p

Feb.
2022p

Mar.
2022p

04/10
04/10
01/10
01/10
01/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
08/13
08/13
08/13
08/13
01/10

FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD

49106
49107
49108
49109
49111
49112
49113
49114
49115
49116
49117
49118
49119
49201

128.999
129.430
128.448
127.697
130.816
128.130
126.370
136.060
131.953
119.987
115.899
121.116
120.634
129.767

129.774
130.317
128.721
127.939
131.155
128.101
126.894
138.423
132.848
120.469
116.501
123.054
121.851
130.588

131.255
131.604
130.165
129.350
132.465
130.053
127.770
140.396
134.854
121.427
117.609
125.901
124.161
132.076

132.396
132.254
131.328
130.497
133.877
133.093
127.578
141.972
137.292
121.626
118.689
126.877
125.161
133.267

134.136
133.655
133.190
132.139
135.764
136.096
128.580
144.473
140.126
122.712
119.784
127.766
126.139
134.872

12/10
01/10

FD
FD

49202
49203

128.590
129.503

129.634
130.545

130.883
131.789

131.413
132.308

132.621
133.510

12/10
01/10
01/10
00/82
00/82
00/82
01/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
00/82
04/10
04/10
00/82
04/10
08/13
01/10
00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/14
04/14
04/14
08/13

FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD
FD

49204
49205
49206
49207
49208
49209
49210
49211
49212
49213
49214
49215
49216
49301
49302
49303
49401
49402
49403
49404
49501
49502
49503
49504
49508
49505
49506
49507
49510
49511
49512
49509

128.112
129.534
129.760
231.921
227.765
228.985
129.019
130.476
134.738
126.487
125.516
127.811
131.963
131.642
224.748
136.482
125.302
213.621
123.304
118.756
130.106
249.314
246.686
251.246
283.536
128.274
128.114
127.576
119.846
118.203
117.884
121.839

128.998
130.423
130.720
232.025
228.540
229.265
130.137
132.525
137.123
126.993
125.993
129.158
133.104
132.076
224.369
137.924
125.483
212.731
124.190
119.566
130.810
248.997
247.282
251.048
282.945
129.250
128.378
127.815
120.734
118.672
118.333
122.748

130.446
131.871
132.019
235.688
230.963
232.854
131.327
135.617
139.059
127.870
126.802
131.653
135.099
133.415
226.809
139.178
127.840
218.389
125.330
121.515
132.074
253.440
249.978
255.678
288.841
130.155
129.569
128.975
121.581
119.337
118.948
124.540

131.578
132.991
132.650
241.766
233.752
239.337
131.669
136.646
140.681
127.659
126.499
132.775
137.668
134.598
229.821
139.525
129.646
224.531
125.543
122.062
133.280
261.364
253.219
264.998
301.404
130.393
130.688
130.081
121.914
119.320
118.876
127.153

133.113
134.523
133.948
246.336
236.371
243.759
132.913
137.640
143.183
128.625
127.104
133.798
140.198
137.175
235.681
140.903
132.411
233.445
126.158
123.124
135.013
267.243
256.403
271.151
309.385
131.669
132.253
131.449
123.066
120.144
119.450
129.882

00/82
00/82

ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6

1
11
111
1111
1112
1113
112
1121
1122
12
121
122
13
131
132
14

248.784
237.291
155.895
233.424
279.213
322.812
172.599
137.036
121.685
317.679
152.571
160.343
237.756
236.931
238.447
276.101

248.651
237.962
155.896
233.806
277.722
324.372
174.051
138.661
122.686
323.821
156.232
162.891
231.291
235.083
230.458
278.857

253.955
240.563
157.489
240.031
278.741
328.135
176.196
140.704
124.181
333.978
164.160
165.647
242.020
243.943
241.818
288.225

257.816
240.040
156.464
245.558
282.425
316.634
177.308
141.641
124.963
339.730
168.063
167.665
256.407
256.268
256.906
293.371

263.120
241.920
157.658
250.655
288.090
313.625
178.766
143.706
125.947
344.871
171.012
169.886
272.851
270.114
274.231
293.697

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type
Processed goods
Processed goods for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials and components for manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials for manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials for food manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials for nondurable manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials for durable manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Components for manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Components for nondurable manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Components for durable manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials and components for construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials for construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Components for construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed fuels and lubricants for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed fuels and lubricants to manufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed fuels and lubricants to nonmanufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Containers for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82

00/82

00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82

See footnotes at end of table.

30

Table 3. Producer price indexes for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand groupings, seasonally
adjusted — Continued
[March 2022, Index base Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping

Supplies for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplies to manufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, feeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, other than feeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Commodity
Other
code
index
Item
base Group
code
code

Seasonally adjusted index1
Nov.
2021

Dec.
2021p

Jan.
2022p

Feb.
2022p

Mar.
2022p

00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82

ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6

15
151
152
1521
1522

232.403
232.457
230.536
222.819
233.147

233.879
233.278
232.104
221.948
234.973

237.637
236.078
235.984
227.359
238.731

240.265
238.480
238.627
232.744
241.119

243.040
241.352
241.364
239.956
243.427

00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82

ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6

2
21
22
221
2211

279.279
209.141
315.676
351.481
328.833

265.564
217.147
288.408
329.950
307.812

272.778
223.010
296.266
350.683
327.685

308.304
235.417
345.560
373.535
349.845

304.087
247.776
330.806
404.414
379.848

00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82

ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6

2212
222
2221
2222

294.851
244.724
208.778
253.884

294.923
212.262
195.724
219.329

302.487
202.986
216.115
208.009

305.532
282.278
249.099
292.347

308.428
210.177
234.532
214.732

12/12

ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6

3
33
331
332
32
321
3211
3212
322
3221

133.707
155.339
143.125
136.999
147.174
110.962
110.553
111.068
151.067
122.844

134.838
157.570
145.422
138.726
149.449
115.217
114.920
115.311
153.134
123.791

135.902
159.843
146.333
141.915
150.297
109.798
109.374
109.905
154.644
125.403

135.896
160.989
145.925
144.391
150.777
113.384
113.048
113.482
154.796
126.382

136.726
164.044
147.477
148.349
153.776
121.011
120.865
121.086
157.308
130.949

12/12

ID6

3222

135.677

137.741

138.988

138.883

140.427

ID6

31

125.491

126.120

126.886

126.475

126.311

ID6

311

118.234

118.833

119.519

119.989

120.807

ID6

312

125.721

126.350

127.119

126.677

126.480

ID6

4

131.206

131.157

134.052

135.332

136.963

ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6
ID6

9111
9112
9113
9118
9115
9116
9117
9211
9212
9213
9216

250.776
228.353
238.860
248.277
250.197
150.923
139.502
320.539
251.147
279.042
488.506

250.618
228.503
232.365
249.746
251.820
153.055
140.012
290.481
220.172
282.938
479.677

255.865
234.411
243.144
253.612
255.436
155.014
142.653
297.922
229.504
287.111
478.396

259.614
239.463
257.598
254.767
256.127
155.786
144.403
352.103
288.718
298.330
485.083

264.969
244.245
274.118
257.191
258.268
158.592
147.269
331.352
256.469
319.464
531.023

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

4
41
411
4111
4112
4113
412
4123
4122
41221
41222
4121
42
421
4211

137.031
136.818
132.533
141.288
142.636
131.171
151.409
160.872
127.201
110.556
138.882
119.936
133.715
134.819
143.128

138.007
138.014
133.154
141.320
148.380
131.836
154.226
164.408
128.582
114.927
139.769
120.392
134.353
134.962
143.563

140.082
139.983
135.086
143.497
149.715
133.736
156.339
166.799
129.120
109.376
141.535
121.882
135.917
137.726
145.389

140.718
140.516
135.837
147.159
159.471
133.971
156.279
166.580
130.186
113.053
142.161
122.090
135.965
139.583
148.934

141.785
142.094
137.539
154.905
164.355
134.739
157.539
167.783
134.407
120.877
145.956
122.655
136.213
141.195
150.662

Unprocessed goods
Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed nonfood materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to manufacturing industries. . .
Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to nonmanufacturing
industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed fuel to manufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed fuel to nonmanufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services
Services for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services for intermediate demand3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services for manufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services for nonmanufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers for manufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers for nonmanufacturing industries. . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods for manufacturing industries. . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods for nonmanufacturing
industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate
demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for manufacturing
industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for nonmanufacturing
industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12/12
12/12

Construction
Construction for intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type Special Groupings
Processed materials less foods and feeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed foods and feeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed energy goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed materials less energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed materials less foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Intermediate distributive services6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processed goods plus intermediate distributive services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed materials less agricultural products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed energy materials7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed materials less energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unprocessed nonfood materials less energy8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82
04/10
04/10
00/82
00/82
00/82
00/82

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow
Stage 4 Intermediate Demand
Stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 4 goods producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 4 services producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

31

Table 3. Producer price indexes for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand groupings, seasonally
adjusted — Continued
[March 2022, Index base Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping

Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 4 construction producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stage 3 Intermediate Demand
Stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 3 goods producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 3 services producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 3 construction producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stage 2 Intermediate Demand
Stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 2 goods producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 2 services producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Commodity
Other
code
index
Item
base Group
code
code

Seasonally adjusted index1
Nov.
2021

Dec.
2021p

Jan.
2022p

Feb.
2022p

Mar.
2022p

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

4212
4213
422
4223
4222
42221
42222
4221
423
43
431
4312
4313
432
4323
4322
43221
43222
4321

128.664
135.145
133.185
143.106
137.235
110.301
142.584
130.917
131.206
149.052
151.476
152.440
154.906
142.572
160.238
143.266
115.299
144.737
121.454

126.429
136.458
134.003
145.233
139.655
114.620
144.661
131.396
131.157
150.836
153.684
150.808
157.540
143.338
161.463
144.439
119.844
145.825
121.588

131.226
138.409
135.130
146.817
140.998
109.130
147.264
132.436
134.052
155.185
158.505
156.257
162.413
146.544
166.042
146.476
114.071
148.082
123.717

133.212
139.701
134.522
147.914
140.081
112.765
145.508
131.635
135.332
158.428
162.679
175.764
165.188
147.554
167.754
148.087
117.894
149.642
123.771

135.305
141.021
134.275
149.610
142.386
120.500
146.821
130.874
136.963
161.514
165.763
189.498
167.305
150.634
171.899
155.925
126.030
157.511
124.040

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

3
31
311
3111
3112
3113
312
3123
3122
31221
31222
3121
32
321
3211
3212
3213
322
3223
3222
32221
32222
3221
323
33
331

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

3313
332
3323
3322
33222
3321

140.227
155.294
153.291
151.724
145.083
158.319
152.314
158.480
141.819
117.726
142.982
121.334
127.903
117.073
143.115
117.374
125.533
130.956
168.246
158.118
101.567
158.608
121.966
131.206
132.617
126.413
–
161.080
156.713
161.577
103.195
108.926
113.333

141.291
157.428
155.578
160.050
146.401
158.230
153.655
159.982
143.152
122.377
144.120
121.893
128.060
114.280
144.246
112.522
125.920
132.046
167.736
160.796
101.545
161.301
122.765
131.157
134.446
129.185
–
164.612
157.978
162.887
104.078
109.858
114.101

143.642
159.863
158.419
166.595
146.944
159.758
154.224
159.757
144.901
116.471
146.310
123.094
130.183
120.406
148.050
121.521
127.728
132.885
170.279
161.519
101.076
162.030
123.516
134.052
142.719
135.529
–
172.697
169.097
174.979
105.273
111.120
113.390

145.586
161.541
160.539
175.074
155.419
158.899
153.949
158.351
146.481
120.383
147.753
123.621
132.245
129.362
150.286
135.175
129.588
132.792
170.873
161.399
101.288
161.908
123.380
135.332
148.386
138.365
–
176.311
178.033
184.658
105.430
111.286
114.043

148.897
164.631
163.420
182.748
164.539
159.477
157.681
161.394
152.864
128.708
154.013
124.580
135.722
142.456
152.102
155.290
132.082
133.280
175.976
161.980
101.531
162.492
123.512
136.963
152.282
140.877
–
179.511
183.683
190.710
105.880
111.761
115.614

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

2
21
211
2111
2112
2113
212
2123
2122
21221
21222
2121
213
22

133.755
132.451
135.601
149.497
112.808
148.430
133.071
149.283
153.110
112.167
155.577
117.335
131.206
130.764

130.750
126.081
126.967
149.750
98.730
148.065
134.657
151.659
154.842
116.286
157.149
117.982
131.157
132.166

132.454
128.720
130.311
156.119
103.309
148.513
134.795
151.364
155.556
111.017
158.256
118.259
134.052
132.615

139.888
141.610
146.751
164.075
129.116
149.391
135.559
152.926
155.996
114.499
158.494
118.324
135.332
132.813

138.183
137.778
141.437
171.560
115.940
154.962
136.911
155.242
156.990
121.894
159.065
118.879
136.963
133.886

See footnotes at end of table.

32

Table 3. Producer price indexes for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand groupings, seasonally
adjusted — Continued
[March 2022, Index base Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping

Commodity
Other
code
index
Item
base Group
code
code

Seasonally adjusted index1
Nov.
2021

Dec.
2021p

Jan.
2022p

Feb.
2022p

Mar.
2022p

Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

221
2211
2212
2213
222
2223
2222
22221
22222
2221
223

136.537
120.434
167.946
135.012
129.615
157.571
162.480
111.116
172.830
126.843
131.206

137.410
121.318
160.753
136.387
131.152
165.184
168.453
115.456
179.134
127.699
131.157

138.961
124.953
163.307
137.865
131.338
161.418
165.627
109.938
176.827
128.350
134.052

140.583
129.314
174.291
138.892
131.283
161.761
167.577
113.592
178.449
128.121
135.332

142.440
132.719
176.628
140.714
132.218
175.255
168.140
121.365
177.607
128.338
136.963

Stage 1 Intermediate Demand
Stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 1 goods producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 1 services producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inputs to stage 1 construction producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods excluding foods and energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing of goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

1
11
111
1111
1112
1113
112
1123
1122
11221
11222
1121
113
12
121
1211
1212
1213
122
1223
1222
12221
12222
1221
123
13
131
1312
1313
132
1323
1322
13222
1321

137.328
147.311
149.835
153.026
131.174
157.582
144.259
158.781
134.219
110.535
138.689
103.972
131.206
131.303
131.198
104.702
143.694
132.539
131.088
151.310
127.549
110.471
150.645
128.170
131.206
148.118
146.379
128.006
151.098
151.579
157.874
119.556
123.665
122.910

137.832
147.519
149.516
155.166
128.033
157.504
145.908
160.932
136.950
114.905
140.970
104.533
131.157
131.845
131.018
104.934
140.499
133.813
131.990
152.636
129.583
114.838
151.564
128.866
131.157
149.315
147.685
125.171
152.964
152.562
158.860
120.576
124.721
122.980

139.652
147.961
150.175
157.133
129.278
157.821
145.768
159.743
136.390
109.356
141.689
105.938
134.052
133.629
135.092
107.248
148.332
136.293
132.623
155.370
128.725
109.293
153.284
129.444
134.052
155.251
152.004
135.408
156.581
161.689
169.617
122.492
126.702
123.293

140.861
148.014
150.533
160.868
134.229
156.526
144.992
158.833
137.016
113.031
141.531
105.279
135.332
134.755
139.458
110.465
158.796
137.941
132.122
155.848
129.870
112.966
153.111
128.614
135.332
160.124
155.983
151.510
159.043
168.330
177.380
124.086
128.351
124.724

143.854
150.913
154.095
174.887
133.690
159.374
146.167
160.732
138.868
120.854
141.838
105.175
136.963
137.386
145.161
112.095
173.631
139.540
133.208
160.197
134.543
120.783
156.483
128.834
136.963
165.262
160.774
178.875
160.968
174.153
182.862
131.828
136.359
125.127

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

9411
9412
9413
9414
9415
9416
9311
9312
9313
9314
9315
9316
9211
9212
9213
9214
9215
9216
9111
9112

134.181
136.263
130.119
138.907
121.965
136.347
136.665
133.705
130.119
134.975
119.492
146.767
129.169
130.865
130.119
150.005
111.067
137.063
127.048
134.109

134.950
137.402
130.070
139.105
120.258
137.589
137.592
134.831
130.070
142.331
115.749
146.811
121.867
132.419
130.070
150.267
97.365
137.094
127.036
135.147

137.635
138.845
132.942
141.088
124.644
140.159
141.132
135.759
132.942
148.136
123.180
148.421
124.877
132.595
132.942
156.640
101.825
137.738
129.193
136.321

139.344
138.455
134.211
144.620
129.282
141.191
144.838
135.763
134.211
155.636
135.705
148.074
139.097
132.724
134.211
164.598
126.918
138.598
131.258
136.353

141.249
138.712
135.828
149.703
132.998
142.375
150.092
136.901
135.828
162.422
153.607
148.953
134.731
133.756
135.828
172.077
114.198
143.043
135.260
137.830

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow Special Groupings
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total

goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
construction inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
foods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
energy goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand. . . . . .
goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
construction inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
foods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
energy goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand. . . . . .
goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
construction inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
foods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
energy goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand. . . . . .
goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10

See footnotes at end of table.

33

Table 3. Producer price indexes for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand groupings, seasonally
adjusted — Continued
[March 2022, Index base Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping

Total
Total
Total
Total

construction inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
foods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
energy goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand. . . . . .

Commodity
Other
code
index
Item
base Group
code
code
04/10
04/10
04/10
04/10

ID5
ID5
ID5
ID5

1

9117
9114
9115
9116

Seasonally adjusted index1
Nov.
2021

Dec.
2021p

Jan.
2022p

Feb.
2022p

Mar.
2022p

130.119
143.014
132.343
122.894

130.070
144.988
129.320
123.518

132.942
146.847
134.673
124.912

134.211
150.352
143.208
125.256

135.828
163.282
152.954
127.128

All indexes are subject to revision for 4 months after their originally scheduled publication to incorporate late reports and corrections by survey respondents. In addition, seasonally
adjusted indexes are subject to change for up to 5 years due to the recalculation of seasonal factors published each January.
PPI defines Total finished as including only the personal consumption and private capital investment portions of final demand.
3
Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.
4
The PPI definition of foods does not include food and beverages for immediate consumption. PPI defines food and beverages for immediate consumption as the service of preparing
meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises and off-premises consumption.
5
Distributive services include transportation, warehousing, and trade of goods.
6
Includes intermediate trade, transportation, and warehousing services.
7
Includes crude petroleum.
8
Excludes crude petroleum.
p Preliminary
″-″ Data not available.
2

34