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OFFICE ■
WORKERS
salaries
hours of work
supplementary benefits

Bulletin




No. 987

INDIANAPOLIS, IND.
JANUARY 1950
U N ITED STATES D EP A R T M E N T O F LABOR • BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D. C. • Price 1 5 cents

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Maurice J. Tobin - Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague - Commissioner

i

CONTENTS
Pag®
Number
Introduction ...........
Salaries of Indianapolis Office Workers, January 1950 ...... ......... ••••••..... ....
Supplementary Wage Practices «•••.•••.............. ........... •......••••••••••....
Tables:
1.
2.
3.
^*
5.
6.
7*
8.
9.

Salaries and veekly hours of vork, by industry division •••.••••••.......
Percentage distribution, by veekly salaries..... ••••••••••••••••••.•••..
Scheduled veeklyhours ..••••••••••.....................................
Scheduled days in vorfcveek.... ..................... ..... ..........
Vacations vith pay ..... .................... ......... ..............
Paid holidays ....................................................
Formal provisions for paid sick leave ........... •••••••••..... •••••••••
Nonproductionbonuses ........................
Insurance and pension plane ....... ...... ........... ......... ......

1
1
1
3
7
11
11
12
12
13
14
Ik

Appendix A:
Scope and method of survey...... ..... ..... ............................

15

Appendix B:
Descriptions of occupations studied..... .............. ................

17

INTRODUCTION

Surveys of office vorker salaries vere conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in
more than a score of large cities during 19^8-i|-9* The survey program provides for annual resurveys
in a major city in each of 5 broad geographic areas. These cities are Atlanta, Boston, Chicago,
Los Angeles, and New York. Initial surveys vill be conducted each year In another 5 important
cities. To the extent that resources permit, salary data vill also be brought up-to-date in a fev
cities last covered 2 or 3 years earlier.
These surveys are designed to provide salary data for selected office occupations on a
cross-industry basis. Data are also obtained on supplementary benefits, such as vacations, holi­
days, sick leave, and insurance and pension plans * Salary and related data are provided vherever
possible for individual Industry divisions.
The Indianapolis study vas prepared inihe Bureau’s Division of Wage Statistics by George
E. Votava, Regional Wage Analyst, Region IV, Chicago, Illinois. The planning and central direction
of the program vas the responsibility of Toivo P. Kanninen and Louis E. Badenhoop under the general
supervision of Harry Ober, Chief of the Branch of Industry Wage Studies.







SALARIES OF OFFICE WORKERS IN INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA, JANUARY 1950 l/

Salaries
Average weekly salaries of women general stenographers and clerk-typists, numerically "by
far the most ?jnportant 3oh groups studied in Indianapolis, were $44 and $37, respectively, in Jan­
uary 1950, Pates in excess of $45 were recorded for pay-roll clerks, hookkeeping-machine oper­
ators (class A), technical stenographers, and hand bookkeepers, the latter averaging $54, top pay
for women among the 22 categories of office work far which data are presented in this report (table
1). The lowest-paid women were employed in routine filing work at $34.50 a week, and as office
girls, at a $32 average salary.

Men were employed in substantial numbers in the accounting clerk, order clerk, and general
clerk categories. An average of $50 was paid to accounting clerks and men in the other 2 jobs
averaged $55.50. Among the 6 jobs for which data could be reported for men office workers, average
salaries ranged from a high of $ 58.50 for hand bookkeepers to a low of $32.50 for office boys.

Comparison of average salaries paid in typical office jobs among 6 broad industry divi­
sions covered in the study revealed an earnings advantage for workers employed in offices of manu­
facturing and wholesale trade establishments. To the extent that valid comparisons could be made,
salaries in the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division were usually
also above the all-industry salary levels.

Salary rates varied widely in individual jobs reflecting in part, inter-industry differ­
ences in pay practices. The range of rates among men workers were generally greater than among
women workers in the same jobs. In the bookkeeper job, for example, salaries of individual men
workers ranged from $40 to $110 whereas women*s rates ranged from $35 to less than $85 (table 2 ).
Despite the apparent scatter of salary rates paid to Individuals, rates for a large percentage of
workers in most jobs were grouped within rather narrow limits. More than half of the women general
stenographers were paid between $35 and $45 a week and nine-tenths of the office girls were grouped
in the $ 27.50 - $ 37.50 salary bracket.

Although salaries for clerical workers are generally expressed in monthly or weekly terms,
the Bureau converted the salaries to hourly rates to allow for differences in the length of the
workweek. The inter-Industry differences noted in salary levels are somewhat narrower when meas­
ured by average hourly earnings because of differences in the average weekly scheduled hours of
work. In the general stenographer job, for example, workers in wholesale trade establishments
averaged $1 more a week than the comparable group in the finance, insurance, and real estate divi­
sion; on an hourly basis, however, stenographers in the latter division averaged 4-cents higher
pay due to a shorter average workweek.

SUPPLEMENTARY WAGE PRACTICES

Work schedules
Although work schedules varied considerably among the industries studied, the 40-hour,
5-day workweek was by far the most common schedule in Indianapolis offices in January 1950. A fifth
of the women office workers in wholesale trade worked on a 44-hour, 5i-&ay schedule (tables
3
and 4). An estimated 45 percent of the women workers in finance,
insurance, and real estate
worked less than 40 hours a week.

l/

See Appendix A for discussion of scope and method of survey




Paid vacations
Virtually all establishments visited reported formal provisions for paid vacations for
office workers. Half the employees were in offices granting at least 1 week after 6 months of ser­
vice and most workers received 2 weeks with pay after a year of service (table 5)» Three-fourths
or more of the office workers in each industry division received 2 weeks after 2 years of service.

Paid holidays
Indianapolis office workers, with few exceptions, received 6 or more paid holidays. The
most liberal policies were reported in the finance, insurance, and real estate division in which
more than a third of the office workers were granted 11 or more paid holidays (table 6).

Paid sick leave

A fourth of the workers were employed in offices having formal provisions for sick leave
with pay after 6 months* service. A substantially larger proportion of the office labor force was
eligible for paid sick leave after completing 5 years of service (table 7)* Sick leave granted on
an informal basis as reported by many employers is not included in these estimates.
Nonproduction bonuses
Employers of more than half the office workers in the 6 broad industry divisions supple­
mented basic pay with a nonproduction bonus, typically in the form of a Christmas or year-end pay­
ment. As in most cities surveyed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, bonus payments were most prev­
alent in retail trade (table 8).

Insurance and pension plans
Establishments employing nine-tenths of Indianapolis office workers provided some type
of insurance or pension plan for which the firms paid at least part of the premiums. Life insur­
ance plans were the most prevalent of Hie various types reported in each industry division (table 9).

Retirement pension plans were reported by establishments accounting for half of the
office workers. Among the individual industry divisions, however, the proportion of office workers
In establishments with such plans ranged from a fourth in the service industries to four-fifths in
transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




-

3

-

TABLE 1,— Salaries 3/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Indianapolis, IncL, by industry division, January 1950

Sex, occupation, and industry
division % f

S
Estimated
Median I alary range
Average I of middle
Weekly
number
2/
Weekly scheduled Hourly weekly 50 percent
of
salary
rate salary of workers
workers
hours

Hen
92
35

158.50
56.00

41.0
43.5

$1.43
1.29

Clerks, accounting 4/ .........
Manufacturing .............
Wholesale trade ••••••••••••••
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....... ....... .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .

404
165
93

50.00
55.00
48.50

40.0
40.0
41.5

1.25
1.38
1.17

49.50
55.00
45.00

42.00 - 57.00
50.00 - 61.00
41.50 - 54.00

76

42.50

39.0

1.09

a. 50

35.00 - 49.50

48

49.50

40.0

1.24

48.50

45.00 - 54.00

Clerks, general U ............
Manufacturing ............ .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ........ ...... .

263
151

55.50
58.50

40.0
40.0

1.39
1.46

56.00
59.00

47.50 - 63.00
53.50 - 64.50

44

56.50

40.0

1.41

56.00

48.00 - 63.50

Clerks, order U .............
Manufacturing .......... .
Wholesale trade «••.*•••••••••

279
57
212

55.50
59.50
54.00

41.5
40.0
42.0

1.34
1.49
1.29

55.00
58.00
53.50

48.00 - 60.00
55.00 - 66.00
47.50 - 58.50

Clerks, nay roll U .......... .
Manufacturing............

52
38

52.00
49.00

40.5
40.0

1.28
1.23

52.00
47.00

45.00 - 57.00
42.50 - 54.00

Office boys U ... .
Manufacturing.......... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ......... ••••....

135
49

32.50
32.00

39.5
40.0

.82
.80

32.00
31.50

30.00 - 36.00
28.50 - 35.50

54

32.00

39.0

.82

32.00

29.50 - 36.00

186
40

39.00
42.00

40.5
41.0

.96
1.02

40.00
40.50

35.00 - 42.00
39.50 - 49.50

28

41.50

40.0

1.04

42.00

40.00 - 44.00

machine) .......................

42

39.50

40.0

.99

39.00

38.00 - 43.00

hand 4/ ..........
Manufacturing ...... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ... ...... .
Services .................

158
46

54.00
59.00

40.0
40.0

1.35
1.48

52.00
60.00

44.50 - 60.00
48.00 - 68.00

51
27

53.00
50.50

39.0
39.0

1.36
1.29

47.00
52.50

40.00 - 59.00
44.50 - 54.50

Bookkeeperst hand y ##... .
Wholesale trade ...........

$55.00 $51.00 - $63.00
53.50 52.00 - 62.00

Women
machine) L j ......... ......
Wholesale trade ....... •••••
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities •
Billers. Machine (bookkeeping

See footnotes at end of table




-

k

-

TABLE 1.— Salaries 3/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Indianapolis, Ind., by industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
Average Median Salary range
of middle
number
y
Weekly Weekly
Hourly- weekly 50 percent
of
scheduled rate
salary
workers
salary of workers
hours

Women - Continued
Bookkeeping-machine operators.
s l& n & A
U ................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ........

76

$48.50

39.5

$1.23

38

45.50

38.5

1.18

46.00

43.50 - 48.50

438
140
102
46

38.50
41.50
41.50
38.50

40.0
40.0
41.5
40.5

.96
1.04
1.00
.95

38.00
41.50
42.00
38.00

34.50
38.00
39.50
35.00

180

35.00

39.5

.89

34.50

32.00 - 37.00

449
143
116
145

44.50
47.00
44.50
42.00

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.0

1.11
1.18
1.11
1.08

44.00
46.50
45.50
42.00

40.00
43.00
40.00
38.00

34

43.00

40.0

1.08

42.00

37.00 - 47.50

76
40

40.00
41.00

40.0
40.0

1.00
1.03

39.00
39.50

37.00 - 43.00
37.50 - 45.00

26

39.00

39.0

1.00

39.50

34.50 - 43.00

Clerks, accounting U .........
Manufacturing
.....
Wholesale trade ......
Retail trade ...........
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .......... ......
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .

698
213
98
68

42.00
45.00
41.50
40.50

40.0
41.0
40.5
40.0

1.05
1.10
1.02
1.01

a . 50
45.00
41.50
40.00

36.50
40.00
38.00
38.00

230

39.00

39.0

1.00

38.00

34.50 - 42.00

50

48.00

40.0

1.20

49.00

46.00 - 52.00

Clerks, file, olaas A t j .
......
Manufacturing .............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ........ .........

109
28

38.00
40.50

39.5
40.0

.96
1.01

37.50
39.00

34.50 - 39.50
37.50 - 45.50

47

36.50

38.5

.95

37.00

34.50 - 38.50

Cek.,
lrs,,
glagg, U .......
B
Manufacturing
Wholesale trade.... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate

491
96
60

34.50
36.50
39.50

40.0
40.0
41.0

.86
.91
.96

33.50
36.00
34.50

30.00 - 36.00
35.00 - 40.00
33.00 - 42.50

193

32.00

39.5

.81

32.00

29.50 - 34.50

Bookkeeping-machine operators.
clas^JJ i j ............... .
Manufacturing ............
Wholesale trade ...........
Retail trade
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .......... ......
ofier , o s
atr
(Comptometer type) U .......
Manufacturing ............ .
Wholesale trade... .
Retail trade........
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities •
Calculating-marine operators
(other than Comptometer type) U
Manufacturing ......... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .................

See footnotes at end of table




$48.50 $43.50 - $53.00

-

-

-

42.50
45.00
44.00
42.00

48.00
51.50
48.00
45.00

47.50
50.00
44.00
44.00

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Indianapolis, Ind., by industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 7 j

Estimated
Average Median Salary range
Weekly
of middle
number
2 J
Weekly scheduled Hourly weekly 50 percent
of
rate salary of workers____
workers salary
hours

Women - Continued
Clerks, general
............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .......... .

291

$45.00

39.5

$1.14

$44.50

$38.50 - $50.50

86

43.00

38.0

1.13

43.00

36.50 - 47.50

Clerks, order i j ........ .....
Manufacturing ........... .

204
84

41.50
44.50

40.0
40.0

1.04
1.11

41.00
42.50

36.00 - 45.00
40.00 - 48.50

Clerks, p a y r p \ l l * / ..............
Manufacturing ...... .
Wholesale trade ............
Retail trade... ..........
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .

316
187
33
47

46.00
46.00
50.50
42.00

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

1.15
1.15
1.26
1.05

45.00
45.00
46.50
44.00

42.00
42.00
42.00
38.00

28

45.50

40.0

1.14

45.00

43.00 - 48.50

Clerk-typists -...............
Manufacturing....... .
Wholesale trade
Retail trade ....... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ••••••...... .....
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services............. .

1,409
625
111
60

37.00
38.00
41.00
37.00

39.5
40.0
40.5
40.0

.94
.95
1.01
.93

36.00
37.50
37.00
36.00

33.00
35.00
35.50
34.00

514

34.50

39.0

.88

33.50

31.00 - 37.00

58
41

40.50
36.00

40.0
40.0

1.01
.90

39.00
35.00

37.00 - 42.50
32.50 - 38.50

70

32.00

40.0

.80

31.00

30.00 - 34.00

Stenographers, general .........
Manufacturing ....... .
Wholesale trade ............
Retail trade........ .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate.......... .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services

1,448
598
201
111

44.00
45.50
43.50
41.00

40.0
40.0
a .5
40.0

1.10
1.14
1.05
1.03

43.50
45.00
42.00
40.00

40.00
40.50
39.50
37.50

364

42.50

39.0

1.09

41.50

38.00 - 46.00

81
93

47.50
44.50

40.0
39.5

1.19
1.13

48.50
44.00

43.00 - 58.00
40.00 - 46.50

Stenographers, t^chnicgl 4/ -----Manufacturing ..... ...... .

132
92

50.00
50.50

40.0
40.0

1.25
1.26

49.50
50.00

45.00 - 53.00
45.00 - 54.00

Switchboard operators 4 / .....
Manufacturing........
Wholesale trade
Retail trade ...........

157
48
34
27

40.00
44.00
39.50
39.00

41.0
40.0
42.0
40.0

.98
1.10
.94
.98

40.00
42.00
41.50
40.00

37.00
40.00
37.00
37.00

Switchboard operatorreceptionists 4/ .......
Manufacturing ... .........
Wholesale trade ....... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ............... ..

214
87
40

39.00
40.50
37.50

40.0
40.0
40.5

.98
1.01
.93

38.00
37.50
38.50

35.00 - 41.50
37.50 - 43.00
35.00 - 39.50

43

36.50

38.5

.95

37,00

31.00 - 39.50

Office girls... .............

See footnotes at end of table.




-

-

-

-

49.00
49.00
59.50
45.00

40.00
40.00
49.00
40.00

48.50
50.00
47.00
44.00

43.00
49.00
44.00
42.00

TABLE 1 #— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Indianapolis, Ind.,
industry division, January 1950 - Continued

by

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Average Median Salary range
Estimated
of middle
Weekly
number
2/
Weekly scheduled Hourly weekly 50 percent
of
rate
salary
salary of workers
workers
hours

Women - Continued
Transcribing-machine onerators.
.
general U ............... .
Manufacturing... .........
Wholesale trade.......... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....... ......... .

209
84
31

$ 40.00

42.50
42.00

40.0
40.0
41.5

$ 1.00
1.06
1.01

$40.00
42.00
42.00

$36.50 - $43.50
40.00 - 45.00
40.00 - 43.50

76

36.50

39.0

.94

37.00

33.50 - 39.50

...........
Tvnists, class A
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ............... .

169

45.00

40.0

1.13

46.50

38.00 - 50.50

. 50

39.5

1.05

41.00

37.00 - 47.00

Typists, class B 4/ ....... ....
Manufacturing........ .....
Wholesale trade..... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate.......
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .

560
108
101

37.50
39.00
40.50

40.0
40.0
41.0

.94
.98
.99

37.00
38.50
41.00

34.00 - 40.50
35.00 - 42.50
37.00 - 44.00

172

35.00

39.5

.89

35.00

32.00 - 38.50

57

39.50

40.0

.99

39.00

36.00 -

78

a

42.00

i/ Excludes pay for overtime.
2/ The study covered representative manufacturing and retail trade establishments and trans­
portation (except railroads), communication, heat, light and power companies with over 100 work­
ers; and establishments with more than 25 workers in wholesale trade, finance, real estate,
insurance, and selected service industries (business service; such professional services as
engineering, architectural, accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping firms; motion pictures; and
nonprofit membership or garnizations) .
2/ Value above and below which half of workers* salaries fell.
j j Includes data for industry divisions not shown separately.




TABLE 2*— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries
in Indianapolis, Ind., January 1950

ij

Percent of men -

ij

Book
keepers,
hand

Clerks,
accounting
_
_

- $22.49 ...................
$22.50 - $24.99 ...................

-

-

$25.00 - $27.49
$27.50 - $29.99
$30.00 - $32.49
$32.50 - $34.99
$35.00 - $37.49

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

_
-

_

$37.50 $40.00 $42.50 $45.00 $47.50 -

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

...................
...................
............. ......
...................
...................

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

“
-

$52.49
$54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

...................
...................
...................

$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

Clerks,
order

Clerks,
pay roll

-

-

-

7*4

1.0
.7
3.2
4.5

_
~
0.4
2.3

0.7

_
-

.7
15.6
29.7
14.8
18.5

2.2
15.2
1.1

2.7
13.7
7.2
8.4
8.7

2.7
8.0
2.7
8.4
6.5

1.4
4.3
6.5
5.7
9.7

5.8
15.4
17.3
1.9

5.9
3.7
1.5
1.5
-

...................

14.1
12.0
6.5
6.5
14.1

10.9
6.9
8.9
6.9
4.7

5.3
7.6
12.4
8.7
8.0

12.9
6.8
16.2
10.4
4.3

15.4
7.7
13.5
13.5

.7
-

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

3.3
7.6
3.3
5.4
-

4.7
.7
3.5
1.0
1.2

10.2
4.9
8.4
1.9
.8

6.1
5.0
1.8
2.9
1.4

3.8
—

_
—

$75.00 - $79.99 ...................
$80.00 - $84.99 ...................
$85.00 - $89.99 ...................
$90.00 - $94.99 ...................
$95.00 - $99.99 ...................
$100*00 and over •*•••••••••••*•.•*

5.4

1.1
.7
1.4
.7

-

-

W e d d y salaries

Clerks,
general

Office
boys

$20.00

Total ....................
Estimated number of workers *•••••*
Average

weekly

salary 1/ *•••••••••

See footnote' at end of table.


883040 O— 50---------2


.5

.8

-

-

-

-

-

1.1
2.2

-

-

100*0
92
$58.50

100*0

100.0

100*0

404

263

279

$50.00

'$55.50

$55.50

m
m

1.9

3.8

100*0
52
$52.00

100.0
135
$32.50

TABLE 2.-— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries
in Indianapolis, Ind., January 1950 - Continued

[

Weekly salaries

ij

Percent of women CalculatingBookkeep­ Bookkeep­ CalculatingBillers,
machine
Book>machine
ingingmachine
operators
machine
operators
(billing keepers, machine
(other than
operators, operators, (Comptometer
machine) hand
Comptometer
class A
class B
type)
_ type)
_

$20,00 — $22,4-9 *.*..•*««***•
$22,50 — $24-®99 ***•****•«*«•

-

—
—
—
—
—

$27*4-9
$29*99
$32*4-9
$34*99
$37*4-9

•»*««.**.•.**
*••••*•••••••
*».«.*....*.«
**..*..«».«**
*«***.*....»*

$37*50
$4-0,00
$42*50
$4-5*00
$4-7*50

—
—
—
—
—

$39*99
$ 42*4-9
$4-4>*99
$4-7*4-9
$49*99

#****»«**«...
•••••••»•••••
**.«*.«**...»
•••••*•••••••
••••••••••••*

12,4
30,7

$50,00
$52,50
$55*00
$57.50
$60,00

—
—
—
—

$52,49
$54*99
$57*49
$59.99
y>o2,49

**•••••••••*•
..........a**
•••••••••••••
...... *.....
••••••••••••»

$62,50
$ 65 ,00
$67*50
$70,00
$72,50

—
—
—
—
—

$64*99
$o7*49
$69o99
$72*49
$74*99

,••*•••*••*••
••*••••••••**
.,*••*••••*••
*••••••••♦•*•
••*••••••••**

-

-

-

-

1.3

0.4
4.7
6.7

■9.2
23.8

9,1
.5
5.9

.6
11.4
12.7
5.7
7.0

7.9
9.2
9*2
17.1
10.5

15.0
15.6
11.1
7.0
4.7

10.9
17.8
9.3
21.2
11.1

18.4
21,1
3.9
10.5
11.8

1.6
2,2
-

11.4
6.3
5.7
10.1
7.6

13.4
6,6
5.3
13.2
-

1.6
1.4
—

4.5
3.7
1.3
.7
.9

1.3
—

.
»
5.7
*6
8,2
-

—
1.3
—

—

.4
.2
.2
—

—

m
m

—

«
-

5.7
-

-

-

-

—

m
m
.5
-

-

m
m
1.4
11*7
14.3
16,2

4.3
12.4

100,0

100,0

186

158

Estimated number of workers ,

$39.00

See footnote at end of table.




-

1.3

20.4

$75*00 — $79*99 *•••••••••••*
$80*00 — $84*99 •••••*,•••••*
$85*00 — $89*99 •**••••••••**
$90,00 — $94*99 »•••••••••••*
$95*00 — $99*99 «»••••••••••*
$100,00 and over «*,,,•«,•••*

Average weekly salary 3/ *•«,

-

m
m

$25*00
$27*50
$30,00
$32,50
$35,00

Total ,,•««,••••,,*

1/

$54.00

100,0

76
$48.50

100,0

100.0

488

449

$38.50

$44.50

100.0
76
$ 40.00

- 9 -

TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries 2/
in Indianapolis, Ind*, January 1950 - Continued

Percent of women Weekly salaries

Qlerks, Clerks, Clerks,
Clerks, Clerks, Clerks, Clerk- Office
account— file,
file,
general order pay roll typists girls
class A class B
.ing.

2/

$20*00 — $22*49 *••••*•••••••••
$22*50 — $24*99 •••••••••••••••

-

-

•••••••••«••••*
•••••••••••••••
...............
••••••••••••«•*

1.6

—

5.9
9.9
8.5

10.1
16.5
21,2

••••••••••••••*

11.3
18.5
10.6
7.2
11.0

31.2
6.4
1.8
2.8
6.4
.9
.9
.9
.9

-

—
—
—
—

$27*49
$29*99
$32*49
034.99
$37*49

$37*50
$40*00
$42,50
$>45*00
$47• 50

—
—
—
—
•
•

$39*99
$42*49
$44*99
t*>47*49
$49*99

$50*00
$52*50
$55*00
$57*50
$60*00

—
—
—
—
-

$52*49 * • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
$54*99 • • • • * • • • • • « • • « •
$57*49 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
$59*99 • • • • • • • • • • • • * • •
$62.49 ...... •
...... .

7.3
2.7
1.6
.3
1.3

-

-

$64*99
$67*49
$69*99
$72*49
$74*99

*••••••••••••••

2.0
.3

-

-

••••••••••*••••

-

-

-

•••••••«•*•••••

-

-

••••••••••*••••

-

-

■
—
*
—
—

-

-

_

$25*00
$27*50
$30*00
032.50
$35*00

$62*50
$65*00
$67*50
$70*00
$72,50

-

••••••••••••••*
••••••*••••••••
•••••••••••*•••

••••*•••••••••*

$75*00 — $79*99 * * • • • • • • • • • « • • *
$80*00 — $84*99 • • • * • • • • • • • • • • *
$85*00 •• $ 89*99 • * • • » • • • • • • • • • *
$90*00 — $94*99 • • • • * « • • • • • • • • • *
$95*00 - $99.99 ............................
$100*00 and over * * • * * • • • • • • • • *

11.6
29.1
20.2
21.6
6.7
6.1
3.3
.6
.8

.
.

a
.

-

-

—

0 .7
8.9
8.9

11.8
4.9
17.1

0.6
.6
5.7

n.o

8.8
18*1
13.7
6.4

8.2
15.9
16.2
18.4
11.4

13.3
13.5
5.7
3.1
3.6

4.1

1.3
.1
.1
.2
•4

11.4
10.7
9.3
11.4

6*4
4.4
1.5
1.5
.5
3.9

1 .7
.3
.3

1.0

-

-

a
.

5.1
15.3
16.1
22.1

10.3
5.8
6.5
1.4
1.4

—

-

3.8
4.4
5.1
2.5
2.2

.1

pf

workers

Average weekly salary 3/

***

**••**

See footnote at end of table.




a

17.1
44.3
15.7
12.9
7.1
2.9
-

-

a
.

-

-

-

-

.9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

a,
,

a
.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M

_

mm

-

—

a.

100.0
Estimated number

-

100.0

100.0

100.0

100*0

100*0

100.0

698

109

491

291

204

316

1,409

$ 42.00

$38.00

$34.50

#45.00

# 41.50

$46.00

$37.00

100*0
70
$ 32.00

10 -

TABLE

,” i

tey

Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations
in Indianapolis, Ind., January 1950 - Continued

weekly salaries

1/

Percent of women -

Switch­
TranSwitch­ board
Stenog­ Stenog­
board operator- scribing- Typists, Typists,
raphers , raphers, opera­
machine
class B
general technical tors reception­ operators, class A
general
ists

Weekly salaries 3/

$20.00 — $22. . • • • • • • • • • • • . •
4-9
#22.50 - #24.99 ...........
#25.00 - #27.49 ...........
#27.50 - #29.99 . ..........
$30.00 - $32.49 ...........
$32.50 - $34.99 .......................
$35.00 - $37.49 ..........................
$37.50
$40.00
#42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

..........................
..........................
..........................
...........................
...........................

$50.00 - $52.49 ...........................
$52.50 - $54.99 ...........................
$55.00 - $57.49 ...........
$57.50 - $59.99 ...........
$60.00 - $62.49 ...........................
$62.50 - $64.99
$65.00 - $67.49
$67.50 ™ #69.99
#70.00 — $72.49
#72.50 — $74.99
$75.00

-

-

10.8
18.3
15.4
13.3
6.4

8.3
8.3
15.2
18.9

8.8

7.7
1 .1

2#1
1.2
#1
• 6

$95#00 — $99.99

$100#00 and over

—

_

—

4

5.7
.5
9.1
10.5

16.6

6.4
7.7
15.4
21.1

14.7
25.5
10.8
4.5
3.8

29.9
15.4
4.7
4.7
2.8

15.8
28.8
8.6
10.0
9*6

6.5
5.9
6.5
22.4
12.4

17.3
18.9
6*4
5.7
1.1

7.6

5.1
1.9

1.4

-

-

17.2
5.9
1.8
1.2

-

1 . 6

. 8

18.1
9.8
5.3
3.8
7.6

*•

2.8
5.6
9.3
17.3

4.5
6.4

-

1 3 .

*6
.6

-

.5

-

—

*•

.8

-

-

-

—

—

-

-

-

—

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

—

—

3.6
—

-

—
—
—
*■

.

mm

-

—
—

—

-

-

■■

-

2.3

-

—

—
—

•"
—
mm

_
..........................

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •
. . . . . . .

....

• • # • • • • • • # . • • •

..

_

Excludes pay for overtime.

_

—

m
m

n|

mm

HI

mm

Hi

H.

-

-

mm

mm
-

-

-

mm

mm

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1,448

132

157

214

209

169

560

$50.00

$40.00

$40.00

$45.00

Average weekly salary 3/ ..... $44.00




■"

-

Estimated number of workers

1/

mm
*"

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

$89.99 .......... ..
$94.99 ...........

Total

0.8

..........................

$79.99

mm
■*

—

0.6
1.5
3.6
7.9

...........................

$80.00 - $84.99 ..............

$85.00
$90.00

1
t
-

—

-

$39.00

#37.50

TABLE 3.— Scheduled weekly hours of women in Indianapolis offices, January 1950

Weekly hours

All offices employing women .....
35 hours.... ......... ......
37^ hours ....... ..........
Over 3-- and under 40 hours...
7g
40 hours ...................
Over 40 and under 44 hours....
44 hours.......... ........ .
Over 44 and under 4# hours ......
43 hours....... ...........
1/

Percent of w r i
o l .ers employed in offices in
Transpor­
Finance, tation,
All
Manu­ Whole­
communi­
indus­ factur­ sale Retail insurance, cation, Services
trade and real and other
tries ing
trade
estate
public
utilities
100.0 100.0
0.9
6.3
6.9
81.9
.7
3.1
.2
0/)

0.1
•4

100.0 100.0

1.0

-

-

99.2
.
3
—

78.2
19.4
1.4
—

7.4
2.6
82.4
1.4
6.0
.2

100.0
2.3
19.6
23.5
54.6
-

-

100.0

100.0
5.2

2.3
95.7
2.0
-

-

3.2
82.2
7.6
1.8

-

-

—

—

Less than 0.05 of 1 percent.

TABLE 4.— Scheduled days in workweek of women in Indianapolis offices, January 1950

Days in week

Percent of worlcers employed in offices in _
Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
All
Manu­ Whole­
communi­
indus­ factur­ sale Retail insurance, cation, Services
and real and other
tries
ing
trade trade
estate
public
utilities

All offices employing women ....

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

5 days .................. .......
5 k d a y s ................. .......
6 days ..........................
O t h e r ........................ .

83.1
8.2
5.9
2.S

98.9
.3

78.6
20.8
-

69.8
16.4
7.8
6.0

97.7
-

-

58.7
7.4
30.1
3.8

79.6
12.6
2.9
4.9




.8

.6

-

2.3

-

12

-

TABLE 5.— Vacations with pay in Indianapolis offices, January 1950

Vacation policy

Percent of workers emploved in o
ffices in
Transpor­
Finance, tation,
All
Manu­ Whole­
communi­
indus­ factur­ sale Retail Insurance, cation, Services
tries ing
trade trade and real and other
estate
public
utilities

All offices studied........... 100.0 100.0

100.0 100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

51.9
34.8
17.1
48.1

74.3

45.6
4.4
41.2
54.4

71.5
26.3
43.5
1.3
•4
28.5

6 months of service
Offices with paid vacations ....
Under 1 week........... *
1 week ...... .......... .
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ....
2 weeks ................
Offices with no paid vacations .
..

58.5
8.3
48.0
.1
2.1
41.5

53.7
8.6
45.0
.1
46.3

99.4
42.7
56.7
.6

98.6
52.3
46.3
1.4

100.0 100.0
40.5 93.5
59.5
6.5
-

100.0
16.3
83.7
-

100.0
46.9
53.1
-

98.2
23.5
74.7
1.8

99.4
10.0
* .4
88.8
.2
.6

98.6
9.2
.3
88.7
•4
1.4

100.0 100.0
25.2 20.8
74.8 79.2
—
.
.
-

100.0
100.0
_
-

100.0
17.7
82.3
M
V
-

98.2
—
7.2
89.7
1.3
1.8

99.4
2.0
.2
95.1
1.9
.2
.6

98.6

100.0 100.0
6.6 11.5
1.7
93.4 85.8
1.0
—
—

100.0
—
95.8
4.2
~
—

100.0
2.1
91.0
6.9
—

98.2
96.9
1.3
1.8

46.9
3.3
43.6
-

53.1

677l
7.2
25.7

1 year of service
Offices with paid vacations ......
1 week .................
2 weeks .................
Offices with no paid vacations . .
.
2 years of service
Offices with paid vacations ......
1 week............. .
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ....
2 weeks .....................
3 weeks ..... ....... .
Offices with no paid vacations . .
.
5 years of service
Offices with paid vacations ....
1 week .................
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ••••
2 weeks .................
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ....
3 weeks ............. .
Offices with no paid vacations . .
.

—
-

98.2
.4
1.4

TABLE 6# Paid holidays in Indianapolis offices, January 1950
—

Number of paid holidays

All offices studied........ .

Percent of work: r e n
e s r eloved in offices in
Transpor­
tation,
Finance, communi­
All
Manu­ Whole­
indus­ factur­ sale Retail insurance, cation, Services
trade and real
tries
ing trade
and other
estate public
utilities
100.0

Offices providing paid holidays .
.

98.4

Number of holidays:
1 to 5 ..............
6 ..................
7 ...................
8 ..................
..................
9 ..................
1 0 ................. .
1 1 ..................
.................
Offices providing no paid holidays |

74.4
8.8
2.1
1.0
1.2
.9
8.8
1.2
1.6

S*

1/

Less than 0.05 of 1 percent.




a/)

100.0 loo.o 100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

97.0 100.0

97.0

100.0

100.0

78.8 100.0
—
18.2
—
—
—
—
—
3.0

38.2
12.7
3.5
4.2
3.1
31.2
4.1
3.0

79.1
20.9
—
—

0.4
73.3
~
26.3
—
—
—

98.9

o
o
93.5
2.9
2.5
1.1

TABLE 7#— Formal provisions for paid sick leave in Indianapolis offices, January 1950

Provisions for paid sick leave

All offices studied ...... .

Percent of workers employed in offices in Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
All
communi­
Manup- Whole­
Retail insurance,
cation, Services
indus­ factor­ sale
and real
trade
and other
ing
tries
trade
estate
public
utilities
100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

6 months of service
Offices with formal provisions for
paid sick leave ••••••«••••••••••
Under 5 days ••.•••••••«••••••
5 days ................••••••.
6 days •••••••••............••
7 days ..... .............. ...
10 days •••••••••••••..... ...
15 days .•••••••..... • •......

26.7
3.3
11.2
1.3
.3
9.5
1.1

23.2
1.5
13.3
.5
7.9
-

18.8
2.6
5.3
.4
10.5
-

1.7
1.7
-

35.1
8.7
7.5
4.3
14.6
-

48.5
35.8
12.7
—

26.3
26.3

Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick leave •••••••••••••

73.3

76.8

81.2

98.3

64.9

51.5

73.7

1 year of service
Offices with formal provisions
for paid sick leave ..•••••••••••
Under 5 days ••..••••••......
5 days ................. .•••••
5 b days ..•••••...... ..••••••
6 days
7 d a y s .......................
10 days ...••••.... •••••••••*
11 days .•..•••••.••........ .
12 days ........ •••••••••»•••
15 days ........... ...........
20 days •••••••••••••••......
Over 20 days ••••••••••••••••.

39.3
.7
12.4
.1
2.7
1.2
12.6
.2
1.2
5.1
1.9
1.2

37.8
1.5
12.2
.5
22.2
1.4
-

43.1
7.9
.4
6.1
18.2
10.5
—

43.0
1.6
34.5
1.0
2.1
1.7
2.1
-

35.1
8.7
7.5
4.3
9.8
4.8
-

51.5
38.8
12.7

33.7
3.4
4.0
26.3
—

Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick leave ............ .

60.7

62.2

56.9

57.0

64.9

48.5

66.3

5 years of service
Offices with formal provisions for
paid sick leave •••••••...... .
Under 5 days •••••••••••••••.
5 days ............. ........
5 b days •.•••••••••••••••••••
6 days
7 days
10 days ............ ......••
11 days •••••••.•••..... .
12 days ••••••••..... .......
15 days .....................
20 days .«••...•••.»•«•»•••«»
Over 20 days ••••••••••••••••

44.7
.7
14.7
.1
4.4
1.2
8.3
.2
1.2
1.7
6.8
5.4

46.5
1.5
18.3
.5
19.4
3.9
2.9

43.1
7.9
.4
6.1
10.5
18.2

48.8
1.6
34.5
1.0
2.1
1.7
2.1

51.5
-

-

41.0
14.6
4.1
4.3
14.6
3.4

•
12.7

33.7
3.4
4.0
26.3
—

Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick leave •••••••••••.

55.3

53.5

56.9

51.2

59.0

48.5

66.3




-

-

-

5.8
-

to
»
to

100.0

- I ll -

TABLE 8 .— Nonproduction bonuses in Indianapolis offices, January 1950

Type of bonus

Percent of workers onployed in offices in Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
All
Manu­ Whole­
communi­
Retail insurance,
indus­ factur­ sale
cation, Services
and real
trade trade
tries
ing
and other
estate
public
utilities

All offices studied •••••••*••••«*

100*0

100*0

100*0

100*0

100*0

100.0

100*0

All offices with nonproduction
bonuses 1 / •••*•••••«*••«•*••*••
Christinas or year-end 0..*..*
Profit-sharing •••««,a********
Other

54.3
41.3
5.3
8.5

36.7
22.1
4.0
10.9

50.4
45.6
1.5
3.3

98.4
68.9
31.7
-

68.1
52.6
2.9
12.6

53,4
53.4

46.7
34.2

Offices with no nonproduction
bonuses

45.2

13.3

49.6

1.6

31.9

46.6

3/

—

-

-

12.5

53.3

Unduplicated total*

TABLE 9*— Insurance and pension plans in Indianapolis offices, January 1950

Type of plan

All offices studied
Offices with insurance or pension
plans if ••••*«••••*••«••*••'«••
Life insurance *••*••••«•«•••
Health insurance *•••*•••••••
Retirement pension •••••••.•«
Other ••••«********««*******o
Offices with no insurance or
pension plans ............... .

3/

Unduplicated total,




Percent of workers employed in offices in Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
All
Manu­ Whole­
communi­
Retail insurance,
cation, Services
indus­ factur­ sale
and real
trade
and other
tries
ing
trade
estate
public
utilities
100.0

100*0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

90.8
86.1
49.4
64.5

91.5
90.7
70.2
40.1
73.0

89.8
87.2
21.6
53.7
64.8

85.1
66.6
43.1
57.7
56.6

94.0
86.4
8.3
49.5
52.7

98.3
97.6
79.6
81.4
80.3

63.0
56.4
4.4
27.6
49.1

9.2

8.5

10.2

14.9

6.0

1.7

37.0

42.6

-

15

-

APPENDIX A

Scope and Method of Survey
The information presented in this bulletin was collected by visits of field representa­
tives of the Bureau to representative offices in the city surveyed. In classifying workers by oc­
cupation, uniform Job descriptions were used; they are presented in Appendix B.
No attempt was made to study all office occupations and, in general, the Jobs surveyed
were those*that are found in a large proportion of offices and that involve duties that are more
or less uniform from firm to firm. The Jobs studied are more representative of the salaries of
women than of men office workers.
The study covered six broad industry divisions and in each division only establishments
above a certain size were studied. Office employment in smaller establishments was not considered
sufficiently great to warrant inclusion of such establishments in the survey. A greater proportion
of large than of small establishments was studied in order to maximize the proportion of office
workers that could be surveyed with available resources. Each group of establishments of a certain
size, however, was given only its proper influence on the information presented. The industries
included in the study together with the minimum size of establishments and the number cf establish­
ments surveyed are summarized below.

Establishments and workers in major industry divisions in Indianapolis, and number
studied by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 1950

Item

Number of
Minimum
size of
establishments
establish­
Estimated
ment
Studied
total
1/

Employment
Estimated
total
2/

In establishments
studied
Office
Total

Industry division
All divisions .... ...............
Manufacturing .................
Wholesale trade ......... .
"Retail trade ••••••••.........
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ......................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities 3 /
Services k f ......... .

101
26

k2 k

112

156
5^

13,800

51, *+50
2,350
11,000

12,090
5,300
870
1,270

102,900
62,000

79,670

101

127
3^

26
18

26

89

25

5,700

2,680

2,500

19
^3

15
18

11,700

2,300

10,930
1,260

1,670
1+80

k2 k

156

39
30

36
20
17
53

102,900
63,600
11,600

79,670
61,690

12,090
6,210

7,820
7,1+10
2,750

2,280
2,330
1,270

101

26

7,1+00

Size of establishment
All size g r o u p s .... .............
501 and over ........... .
251 - 5 0 0 ..... ...............
101 - 2 5 0 ..... !..............
26 - 1 0 0 .....................

Ilk
2kl

16,700

11,000

l/ Number of plant and office vorkers.
2/ Plant and office employment in Indianapolis Metropolitan Area (Marion County).
3/ Excludes railroads.
5/ Business service; such professional services as engineering, architectural, accounting,
auditing, and bookkeeping firms; motion pictures; and nonprofit membership organizations.




-

16

-

The information on weekly salaries excludes overtime pay and nonproduction bonuses but
includes incentive earnings. The weekly hours data refer to the work schedules for which these
salaries are paid. Hourly rates were obtained by dividing these weekly salaries by scheduled hours.
The number of workers presented refers to the estimated total employed in all establishments with­
in the scope of the study and not to the number actually surveyed.

Bata are shown only for full-time workers, defined as those who are hired
establishments full-time ‘schedule for the occupational classification.

to work the

Information on wage practices refers to all office workers except in the tabulations of
scheduled weekly hours and days in workweek for women workers. It is presented in terms of the
proportion of workers employed in offices with the practice in question. Because of eligibility
requirements, the proportion actually receiving the benefits in question may be smaller.

The summary of vacation and sick leave plans is limited to formal arrangements and ex­
cludes informal plans whereby time off with pay may be granted at the discretion of the employer
or other supervisor. Sick leave plans are further limited to those providing full pay for at least
some amount of time off and exclude health insurance even though paid for by employers.

In evaluating information on variations in salaries with size of establishment,
in the
few cities in which the coverage Justifies such a summary,
it should be remembered that this fac­
tor may be related to others. There is frequently an important relationship between size and in­
dustrial classification in the broad industry groups used in these surveys.




- IT -

APPENDIX B

Descriptions of Occupations Studied

The primary purpose of the Bureau’s job descriptions is to assist its
field staff in classifying workers who are employed under a variety of pay-roll
titles and different work arrangements from office to office and from area to
area,
into appropriate occupations. This is essential in order to permit the
grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable Job content. B e ­
cause of this emphasis on interoffice and interarea comparability of occupation­
al content, the Bureau’s job descriptions differ significantly from those in
use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In view
of these special characteristics of the Bureau’s job descriptions, their adop­
tion without modification by any single establishment or for any other purpose
than that indicated herein is not recommended. Where office workers regularly
perform duties classified In more than one occupation, they are generally clas­
sified according to the most skilled or responsible duties that are a regular
part of their job and that are significant In determining their value to the
firm.

BILLER, MACHINE
A worker who prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an
ordinary typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. Should be designated as working on billing
machine or bookkeeping machine as described below.
Billing Machine - A worker who uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
Invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually Involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of nec­
essary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which
are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually Involves a large number of car­
bon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fan-fold machine.
Bookkeeping Machine - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare cus­
tomers’ bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous
entry of figures on a customer’s ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates figures
on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard
types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPER, HAND
A worker who keeps a set of books far recording business transactions and whose wark in­
volves most of the following: posting and balancing subsidiary ledgers, cash books or journals,
journalizing transactions where judgment is involved as to accounts affected; posting general
ledger; and taking trial balances. May also prepare accounting statements and. bills; may direct
work of assistants or accounting clerks.




-

18

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
A worker who operates a “
bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
strand, Burroughs, National Cash Register) to keep a record of business transactions.

Sund-

Class A - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter key­
board to keep a set of records of business transactions usually requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the structure of the particular
accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and
other records by hand.
Class B - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter key­
board to keep a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records pertaining to busi­
ness transactions usually requiring some knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections
include accounts payable, pay-roll, customers* accounts (not including simple type of billing
described under Biller, Machine), cost distributions, expense distributions, inventory control,
etc. In addition, may check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control
sheets for the accounting department.
CALCULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
A worker whose primary function consists of operating a calculating
form mathematical computations other than addition exclusively.

machine to per­

Comptometer type
Other than Comptometer type
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
A worker who performs one or more accounting operations such as preparing simple Jour­
nal vouchers, accounts payable vouchers; coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting dis­
tributions; entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; posting and bal­
ancing subsidiary ledgers controlled by general ledger, e.g., accounts receivable, accounts
payable, stock records, voucher Journal. May assist in preparing Journal entries. For workers
whose duties include handling the general ledger or a set of books, see Bookkeeper, Hand.
CLERK, FILE
Class A - A worker who is responsible for maintaining an established filing system
and classifies and indexes correspondence or other material; may also file this material. May
keep records of various types in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and lo­
cating material in the files. May perform Incidental clerical duties.
Class B - A worker who performs routine filing, usually of material that has already
been classified, or locates or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.
CLERK, GENERAL
A worker who is typically required to perform a variety of office operations. This
requirement may arise as a result of impracticability of specialization in a small office or
because versatility is essential in meeting peak requirements in larger offices. The
work
generally Involves the use of independent Judgment in tending to a pattern of office work from
day to day, as well as knowledge relating to phases of office work that occur only occasionally.
Far example, the range of operations performed may entail all or some combination of the fol­
lowing: answering correspondence, preparing bills and invoices, posting to various records,
preparing pay rolls, filing, etc. May also operate various office machines and type as the
work requires.
(See Clerk-Typist.)




-

19

-

CLERK, ORDER
A worker who receives customers * orders for material or merchandise “ mail, phone,
by
or personally and whose duties involve any combination of the following: quoting prices to cus­
tomers, making out an order sheet listing the items to make up the order, checking prices and
quantities of items on order sheet, distributing order sheets to respective departments to he
filled. May also check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowl­
edge receipt of orders from customers, follow-up orders to see that they have been filled/ keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAY-ROLL
A worker who computes wages of company euployees and enters the necessary data oft the
pay-roll sheets and whose duties involve: calculating worker's earnings based on time or produc­
tion records; posting calculated data on pay-roll sheet, showing information such as worker's
name, working days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. In addition, may
make out pay checks and assist the paymaster in making up and distributing the pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
CLERK-TYPIST
A worker who does clerical work requiring little special training but the performance
of which requires the use of a typewriter for a major portion of the time and whose work in­
volves typing letters, reports, and other matter from rough draft or corrected copy and one or
more of the following? keeping simple records; filing records and reports; making out bills;
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR l/
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities, records account­
ing and statistical data on tabulating cards by punching a series of holes In the cards in a
specified sequence, using a numerical key-punch machine, following written information on rec­
ords. May be required to duplicate cards by using the duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files on punched cards. May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
A worker who performs a variety of routine duties such as running errands;
minor office machines, such as sealers or mailers; opening and distributing mail,
minor clerical work.
(Bonded messengers are excluded from this classification.)

operating
and other

SECRETARY l/
A worker who performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an adminis­
trative or executive position and whose duties involve the following: making appointments for
superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making phone calls; handling per­
sonal and important or confidential mail, a;id writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation, either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine (except where tran­
scribing machine Is used), and transcribing dictation or the recorded information reproduced on
a transcribing machine. In addition, may prepare special reports or memoranda for information
of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or more persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a normal routine, vocabulary, and to

l/

Not surveyed in all cities




-

20

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL - Continued
transcribe this dictation oh a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See
Transcribing-M&chine Operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or more persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine,
involving a varied technical or specialized
vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research and to transcribe this
dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in
order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (SeeTranscribingMachine Operator.)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
A worker who operates a single or multiple position telephone switchboard, and whose
duties involve: handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls. In addition, may
record toll calls and take messages. As a minor part of duties, may give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. ,For workers who also do typing or
other stenographic work or act as receptionists, see Switchboard Operator-Receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
A worker who in addition to performing duties of operator, on a single position or
monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and/or performs typing or other routine clerical
work as part of regular duties. This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this
worker *8 time while at switchboard.
TRANSCRIBING-KACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple
clerical work. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a Stenographer, General.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a varied tech­
nical or specialized vocabulary such as In legal briefs or reports on scientific research from
transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine Is classified as a
Stenographer, Technical.
TYPIST
A worker who uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make out bills
after calculations have been made by another person. May operate a teletype machine.
Class a - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing material in
final form from very rough and involved draft; copying from plain or corrected copy in which
there is a frequent and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreign language copy;
combining material from several sources; or planning lay-out of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance In spacing; typing tables from rough draft in final form.
May also type roxitine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing from relatively
clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms, Insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple
standard tabulations, or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.




☆ U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F I C E : O— 1950


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102