View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

K

Occupational Wage Survey,,™
YORK, PENNSYLVANIA
FEBRUARY 1965

1 4 3 0 -4 6




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TISTIC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
YORK, PENNSYLVANIA




FEBRUARY 1 9 6 5

B u lle tin No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 6
April 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

P a ge
The Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics p ro g ra m o f annual
occu pational w age su rveys in m e tro p o lita n a re a s is d e ­
signed to p ro vid e data on occu pation al earn in gs, and es ta b ­
lish m en t p ra c tic e s and su pplem en tary w age p ro v is io n s . It
yie ld s d eta iled data by s e le c te d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r each
of the a rea s studied, fo r econ om ic re g io n s , and fo r the
United States. A m a jo r co n sid era tio n in the p ro g ra m is
the need fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into ( l ) the m ovem en t o f w ages
by occupational c a te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s tru c ­
ture and le v e l o f w ages am ong a re a s and in du stry d iv is io n s .

Introduction-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W age trends fo r s e le c te d occu pational grou p s----------------------------------T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

a re a s .

*N O T E : S im ila r tabulations a re a v a ila b le fo r other
(S ee in sid e back c o v e r . )

A c u rren t re p o rt on occu pation al earn in gs and sup­
p le m e n ta ry w age p ra c tic e s in the Y o r k a re a is a lso a v a ila ­
ble fo r the c ig a r in du stry (A p r il 1964).
Union s c a le s ,
in d ica tive o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le fo r seven
s e le c te d building tra d e s .

iii

2

2

4
5

oo

O ccupational e a rn in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e occupations—m en and w o m e n -----------------------------A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations—
m en and w om en---------------------------------------------------------A - 3. O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ica l occupations—
m en and wom en c o m b in e d -----------------------------------------A - 4. M aintenance and pow erplan t occu pation s----------------------A - 5. C u stod ial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t o ccu p a tio n s --------------

A ppendixes:
A . Changes in occupational d e s c rip tio n s -------------------------------------B. O ccupational d e s c rip tio n s ------------------------------------------------------

This bu lletin presen ts resu lts o f the su rv e y in
Y o rk , P a . , in F e b ru a ry 1965. It was p re p a re d in the
B u reau 's re g io n a l o ffic e in N ew Y o rk , N. Y . , by R o b e rt
F in d lay, under the d ire c tio n o f H a ro ld A . B a rle tta . The
study was under the g e n e ra l d ire c tio n
o f F r e d e r ic k W.
M u e lle r, A s s is ta n t R eg io n a l D ir e c to r fo r W ages and Indus­
t r ia l R ela tio n s.




E stab lish m en ts and w o rk e rs w ithin scope o f su rv e y and
num ber s tu d ie d -------------------------------------------------------------------Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la rie s and s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly
earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupational grou ps, and p ercen ts o f
in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s -----------------------------------------------

vO

A t the end o f each su rvey, an in d ivid u al a re a bu l­
le tin presen ts s u rv e y resu lts fo r each a re a studied. A ft e r
com p letion o f a ll o f the in divid u al a re a bu lletin s fo r a round
of su rvey s, a tw o -p a rt su m m ary bu lletin is issu ed . The
f ir s t p art b rin gs data fo r each o f the m e tro p o lita n a rea s
studied into one b u lletin . The second p art p resen ts in fo r ­
m ation w hich has been p ro je c te d fr o m in d ivid u al m e t r o ­
politan a re a data to re la te to econ om ic reg io n s and the
United States.
E igh ty-tw o a rea s c u rre n tly a re in clu ded in the
p ro g ra m . In form a tion on occupational earn in gs is c o lle c te d
annually in each a re a . In form a tion on estab lish m en t p r a c ­
tic e s and su pplem en tary w age p ro v is io n s is obtained b ie n ­
n ia lly in m ost of the a re a s .

1
3

9
11




Occupational Wage Survey—York, Pa.
Introduction
O ccupational em p loym en t and earn in gs data a re shown fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ir e d to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in the g iv e n occu pation al c la s s ific a tio n .
E arn in gs data exclu de p r e ­
m ium pay f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o r k on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and
la te sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses a r e exclu ded, but c o s t - o f- liv in g
bonuses and in cen tive earn in gs a r e in clu ded. W h ere w e e k ly hours a r e
re p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu pation s, r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk
schedules (rou nded to the n e a re s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly earn in gs f o r th ese occupations have
been rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a re a is 1 o f 82 in w hich the U .S . D ep artm en t o f L a b o r*s
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics conducts s u rvey s o f occu pation al earn in gs
and re la te d w age b en efits on an a re a w id e b a s is .
T h is bu lletin p re s e n ts cu rren t occu pation al em p loym en t and
earn in gs in fo rm a tio n obtained la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the estab lish m en ts
v is ite d by B ureau fie ld eco n o m ists in the la s t p re v io u s s u rv e y fo r
occupations re p o rte d in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m ade
to nonrespondents and to th ose respondents re p o rtin g unusual changes
sin ce the p re v io u s su rv e y .

T h e a v e r a g e s p resen ted r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s .
In d u stries and estab lish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffin g and,
thus, con tribu te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r each jo b .
The pay
rela tio n sh ip obtainable fr o m the a v e r a g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t a c c u ra te ly
the w a ge sp rea d o r d iffe r e n tia l m ain tain ed am ong job s in in divid u al
esta b lish m en ts. S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en
and w om en in any o f the s e le c te d occupations should not be assu m ed to
r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay trea tm en t o f the sex es w ith in in dividu al e s ­
ta b lish m en ts. O th er p o s s ib le fa c to r s w h ich m ay contribute to d i f f e r ­
ences in pay fo r m en and w om en inclu de: D iffe r e n c e s in p r o g r e s s io n
w ith in esta b lish ed ra te ra n g es, sin ce on ly the actual ra tes paid in ­
cum bents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r fo r m e d ,
although the w o r k e r s a r e a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin the sam e
s u rvey jo b d e s c rip tio n . Job d e s c rip tio n s used in c la s s ify in g em p lo y e e s
in th ese su rv e y s a re u su a lly m o re g e n e r a liz e d than those used in
in dividu al estab lish m en ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe re n c e s am ong e s ­
tab lish m en ts in the s p e c ific duties p e r fo r m e d .

In each a r e a , data a r e obtained fr o m r e p re s e n ta tiv e esta b ­
lish m en ts w ith in s ix b roa d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M anu factu ring; tr a n s ­
p orta tion , com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e;
r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in du stry grou ps exclu ded fr o m th ese studies a r e go vern m en t o p e r a ­
tions and the con stru ction and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s trie s . E stab lish m en ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itted because
they tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p loym en t in the occupations studied
to w a rra n t in clu sion . Separate tabulations a r e p ro v id e d fo r each o f the
broad in du stry d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u blication c r it e r ia .
T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam p le b a sis becau se o f
the u n n ecessary cost in v o lv e d in su rveyin g a ll esta b lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a c c u ra c y at m inim um c o st, a g r e a te r p ro p o rtio n o f
la r g e than o f sm a ll establish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w e v e r, a ll estab lish m en ts a re g iven th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eig h t. E s ­
tim a te s based on the estab lish m en ts studied a r e p re s e n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
as re la tin g to a ll estab lish m en ts in the in d u stry grou ping and a re a ,
excep t fo r those b elow the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccupational em p loym en t e s tim a te s re p re s e n t the tota l in a ll
estab lish m en ts w ith in the scope o f the study and not the num ber a ctu a lly
su rveyed . B ecau se o f d iffe r e n c e s in occu pation al stru ctu re am ong e s ­
tab lish m en ts, the e s tim a te s o f occu pational em p loym en t obtained fr o m
the sam ple o f estab lish m en ts studied s e r v e on ly to in d icate the r e la tiv e
im p o rta n ce o f the job s studied.
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in occupational
stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u ra c y o f the earn in gs data.

O ccupations and E arnings
Th e occupations s e le c te d fo r study a r e com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u s trie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p es:
(1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplan t; and (4) cu stodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m ent.
O ccupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n ifo rm set o f job
d e s c rip tio n s d esign ed to take account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n
in duties w ith in the sam e jo b .
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study
a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
E arn in gs data fo r som e o f
the occupations lis te d and d e s c rib e d a r e not p re s e n te d in the A - s e r ie s
ta b les becau se e ith e r ( l ) em ploym en t in the occupation is too sm a ll
to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tio n , o r (2) th e re is p o s s i­
b ility o f d is c lo s u re o f in d ivid u al estab lish m en t data.




E stab lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and Supplem entary W age P r o v is io n s
Tabu lations on s e le c te d estab lish m en t p r a c tic e s and supple­
m en ta ry w a ge p ro v is io n s (B - s e r ie s ta b le s ) a r e not p resen ted in this
bu lletin .
In fo rm a tio n fo r th ese tabulations is c o lle c te d b ien n ia lly in
this a re a .
T h e s e tabulations on m in im u m en tran ce s a la rie s
fo r
in e x p e rie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d iffe r e n tia ls ; scheduled
w e e k ly h ou rs; paid h o lid a y s; paid va ca tio n s; and health, in su ran ce,
and pension plans; a re p resen ted (in the B - s e r ie s ta b les) in p revio u s
b u lletin s fo r this a re a .

1

2




T able 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in York, P a . , 1
by m ajor industry d iv isio n ,2 F e b ru a ry 1965
Num ber of establishments

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Within scope
of study3

_

W o rk ers in establishments

Within scope
of study4

Studied

Studied

91

50, 300

29.310

176
74

56
35

40, 800
9, 500

23,000
6,310

50
50
50
50
50

Manufacturing----------------------------------------------------------- ---- .. .----Norimanufacturing-----------— ----------------------------- ---- ----------------Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 W holesale trade 6 R etail trade 6---- --------- ---- -----— .. .------- -----— — ----------------Finance, insurance, and r e a l estate 6 --------------------------—
S ervices 6 7

250

50
-

A ll divisions------------------------ — ----- -----------------------------------------

19
7
33
6
9

13
3
11
3
5

3,000
800
4, 100
800
800

2, 630
380
2, 340
410
550

1 The Y ork Standard M etropolitan Statistical A r e a consists of York County. The "w o rk ers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table
provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the la b or force included in the survey. The estim ates a re not intended,
however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes fo r the a re a to m easure employment trends or le ve ls since ( l ) planning
of w age surveys req u ire s the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments
a re excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 rev ise d edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying; establishments by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with total employment at o r above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the a re a ) of companies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto re p a ir se rv ice, and motion picture theaters a re considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes a ll w ork e rs in a ll establishm ents with total employment (within the a re a ) at or above the minimum limitation.
5 T axicabs and se rv ic e s incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represen ted in estim ates fo r " a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Series A tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the follow ing reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m e rit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishm ent data.
7 Hotels; personal serv ices; business serv ic e s; automobile re p a ir shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding
religiou s and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural se rv ic e s.

T a b le 2.

Indexes of standard w eekly s a la rie s and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Y ork , P a . ,
F e b ru a ry 1965 and F e b ru a ry 1964, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(F e b ru a ry 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group

P erc e n ts of increase

F e b ru a ry 1964 F e b ru a ry 1963
to
F e b ru a ry 1965 F e b ru a ry 1964
to
F e b ru a ry 1965 F e b ru a ry 1964

A ll industries:
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w o m e n )______
Industrial nurses (m en and w om en)___
Skilled maintenance (m en )______________
Unskilled plant (m e n )___________________
M anufacturing:
Office c le ric a l (m en and w o m e n )______
Industrial nurses (m en and wonien)___
Skilled maintenance (m en)__
__ —
Unskilled plant (men) _
___ ___ ____

Data do not meet publication c riteria.

109. 6
(* )
111. 0
112. 3

106. 1
(l)
109.4
109. 5

3. 3
(* )
1.5
2. 6

110. 3

107. 3

2. 8

(* )
110.0
108. 7

108. 6
106. 8

( l )

F e b ru a ry 1962
to
F e b ru a ry 1963

F e b ru a ry 1961
to
F e b ru a ry 1962

F e b ru a ry I960
to
F e b ru a ry 1961

1.4
(’)
3.4
2. 8

2. 0
( l)
2.8
4 .8

2.6
(l)
2.8
1.6

3.4
5. 8
2. 5
1. 5

3. 2
(* )
3. 1
1. 3

3. 5
5. 8
2. 5
1.5

1. 5

2.4

(')

(')

1. 3
1. 8

2. 8
2.4

(* )
2.5
3. 0

3
W age Trends for Selected O ccupational G roups
P re s e n te d in table 2 a re in dexes and p e rc e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rses,
and in a v e ra g e earn in gs o f s e le c te d plant w o r k e r grou p s.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u rs e s , the p e r ­
cen tages o f change r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o rm a l hours
o f w o rk , that is , the standard w o rk schedule fo r w h ich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re paid.
F o r plant w o r k e r gro u p s, th ey m ea su re changes
in a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly e a rn in g s , exclu din g p rem iu m pay fo r
o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
The
p e rc e n ta g e s a re based on data fo r s e le c te d k ey occu pations and in ­
clude m ost o f the n u m e ric a lly im p ortan t job s w ith in each group.
The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g
19 job s: B ook k eep in g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s , cla s s B; c le r k s , accounting,
cla ss A and B; c le r k s , f ile , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s ,
p a y ro ll; C o m p to m eter o p e ra to rs ; keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e ra l; s te n o g ra ­
p h e rs , sen io r; sw itch b oard o p e ra to rs ; tab u latin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs ,
cla ss B; and ty p is ts , cla s s A and B. The in d u stria l nurse data a re
based on m en and w om en in d u stria l n u rses.
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m aintenance job s and 2 u n sk illed job s a re included in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a rp e n te rs ; e le c tr ic ia n s ; m a ch in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech a n ics, au tom otive; p a in ters; p ip e fitte r s ; and to o l and
die m a k ers; u n sk illed — ja n ito r s , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la rie s o r a v e r a g e h ou rly earn in gs w e r e
com puted fo r each o f the s e le c te d occu pation s. The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h ou rly earn in gs w e r e then m u ltip lie d by em p loym en t in each o f
the job s during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961. T h e s e w eig h ted earn in gs




fo r in divid u al occupations w e r e then to ta led to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
each occu pation al group. F in a lly , the ra tio (e x p re s s e d as a p ercen ta g e)
o f the group a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the other
y e a r w as com puted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the re s u lt and 100 is
the p e rc e n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e rio d to the oth er.
The
indexes w e r e com puted by m u ltip lyin g the ra tio s fo r each group
a g g re g a te fo r each p e rio d a fte r the base y e a r (1961).
Th e in dexes and p e rc e n ta g e s o f change m e a s u re , p rin c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la ry and w a ge changes; (2) m e r it o r other
in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d ivid u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e
job; and (3) changes in a v e ra g e w a g es due to changes in the la b or fo r c e
resu ltin g fr o m la b o r tu rn o v e r, fo r c e expan sion s, fo r c e red u ction s,
and changes in the p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s em p lo yed by estab lish m en ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the la b or fo r c e can cause
in c re a s e s o r d e c re a s e s in the occu pation al a v e ra g e s without actual
w age changes.
F o r ex a m p le, a fo r c e expansion m ight in c re a s e the
p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific occupation and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e re a s a red u ction in the p ro p o rtio n of lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ould have the op p osite e ffe c t. S im ila r ly , the m ovem en t of
a h igh -p ayin g esta b lish m en t out o f an a re a could cause the a v e ra g e
earn in gs to d ro p , even though no change in ra te s o c c u rre d in other
estab lish m en ts in the a re a .
The use of constant em p loym en t w eigh ts elim in a tes the e ffe c t
of changes in the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s re p re s e n te d in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The p e rc e n ta g e s of change r e fle c t only changes in
a v e ra g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h ey a re not influenced by
changes in standard w o rk sch edu les, as such, or by p rem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .

4

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e w eek ly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by industry division, York, P a ., F e b ru a ry 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
S ex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N um ber of w o rk e rs receivin g straight -tim e w eek ly earnings of$

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

%
40

45

$

$
5C

55

65

$

$

$

$
60

70

75

S
80

S
85

$

$
90

95

S
IC O

S
105

t

1
110

115

$
12C

and
under
45

125

and
50

55

60

65

-

-

3

-

3

-

-

2

1

7

5

3

75

80

85

90

95

-

-

-

7

8

-

-

-

7

5

-

1

-

-

9

5

4

5

70

ICO

105

3

4

1

4

1

over

110

115

120

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

“

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

125

MEN
29

4 0 .0

$
8 7 .0 0

$
8 8 .0 0

$

CLERKS, ORCER ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

8 3 .CO -

9 7 .0 0

-

-

24

4 0 .0

8 6 .5 0

8 7 .5 0

8 2 .5 0 -

9 8 .5 0

$

-

-

CLERKS,

PAYROLL ---------------------------------------

15

4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0

8 8 .0 0

6 5 .5 0 -

9 0 .0 0

-

-

OFFICE BOYS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

24

4 0 .0

6 5 .0 0

6 4 .5 0

5 9 .0 0 -

7 1 .0 0

_

_

15

4 0 .0

6 7 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

6 1 .0 0 -

7 4 .0 0

_

4

l
1

1

1

laOMEN

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILL ING
MACFINEJ --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

44

4 0 .0

6 8 .5 0

6 9 .0 0

5 9 .5 0 -

7 9 .5 0

32

4 0 .0

7 1 .0 0

7 0 .5 0

6 3 .CO -

8 3 .0 0

ECCKKEEP INC-MACFINE OPERATORS,

5
“

~

_

_

7

6

6

7

3

4

6

1

4

5

6

6

1

3

6

_

3

5

3

5

_

_

~

~

34

16

6

9

7

10

1

8

4

5

7

5

-

1

-

2

2

1

4

6

3

-

1

3

-

12

4

7
7

7
5

2

2

-

2

1

2

-

3
3
-

1

2

4
3

2

10

5
3

1
-

_

16

3 9 .5

7 8 .5 0

7 7 .5 0

7 1 .G O -

8 5 .0 0

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

16

3 9 .5

7 8 .5 0

7 7 .5 0

7 1 .0 0 -

8 5 .0 0

ECCKKEEP ING-MACFINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

83

4 0 .0

6 0 .5 0

5 7 .5 0

5 3 .0 0 -

6 9 .0 0

31

4 0 .0

6 7 .0 0

6 8 .0 0

5 9 .5 0 -

7 4 .5 0

-

CLERKS,

CLASS A --------------

24

3 9 .5

8 4 .0 0

8 3 .0 0

7 6 . SO­

9 4 .0 0

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS tt -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTORING -------------------------------

66

3 9 .5

6 9 .0 0

6 5 .5 0

S O .0 0 -

8 1 .5 0

6

1C

45

4 C .0

7 3 .0 0

7 1 .5 0

6 1 .0 0 -

8 5 .5 0

21

3 9 .0

6 0 .5 0

5 5 .0 0

4 9 .5 0 -

7 2 .5 0

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

58

4 0 .0

5 6 .5 0

5 4 .0 0

5 2 .0 0 -

5 9 .5 0

-

20

4 0 .0

6 1 .5 0

5 9 .5 0

5 6 .CO -

6 4 .0 0

CLERKS,

CLASS C --------------------------

25

3 9 .5

5 8 .0 0

5 9 .0 0

5 4 .5 0 -

6 4 .5 0

CLERKS, ORCER ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

43

4 0 .0

7 1 .0 0

7 2 .5 0

6 7 .5 0 -

39

4 0 .0

7 1 .0 0

7 2 .5 0

6 7 .5 0 -

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

79

3 9 .5

7 0 .0 0

6 7 .5 0

5 8 .CO -

8 4 .0 0

66

3 9 .5

6 9 .0 0

6 6 .5 0

5 8 .G O -

8 2 .5 0

KEYPUNCF OPERATORS,

CLASS A --------------

51

4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0

9 6 .5 0

8 7 . 5 0 - I C O . 00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS d -------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

4 0 .0

6 6 .0 0

6 8 .5 0

5 9 .5 0 -

_

7

23

4 0 .0

6 9 .5 0

7 0 .0 0

6 3 .0 0 -

7 9 .0 0

-

-

-

3

28

4 0 .0

6 3 .0 0

6 6 .0 0

5 5 .SC -

7 2 .5 0

-

~

7

4

8

10

ACCOUNTING,

FILE,

51

~

_

_

_

_

*

.

.

“

-

_

_

36
4

9

8

2

1

-

_

2

_

_

_

7

6

~

l

-

-

2

-

-

5

4

_
-

2

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

3

4

7 6 .0 0

-

_

5

2

1

6

17

9

_

_

_

7 6 .5 0

-

-

5

2

1

4

15

9

-

-

-

3

-

-

11

14

8

13

5

2

9

7

4

4

2

-

10

12

8

11

3

2

9

4

3

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

9

-

6

4

19

12

7

8

6

15

4

3

!

_

_

_

5

4

3

1

-

-

-

2

3
12

4

3

_

9 2 .0 0

9 1 .5 0

7 9 .0 0 - 1 0 6.00

-

-

-

9 7 .0 0

9 8 .0 0

8 5 .C 0 - 1 0 9.50

-

-

-

7 9 .0 0

7 9 .5 0

7 0 .0 0 -

8 8 .5 0

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

158

4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

6 7 .0 0 -

8 2 .5 0

_

_

125

4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0

7 6 .5 0

6 8 .CO -

8 4 .0 0

-

-

33

3 9 .5

6 9 .5 0

7 0 .5 0

6 6 .0 0 -

7 7 .0 0

-

-

1

SR ITCHEOARC OPERATORS----------------------------

24

4 0 .0

7 3 .5 0

7 4 .0 0

6 3 .0 0 -

8 9 .0 0

2

1

2

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

2

7 3 .5 0

-

1

2

-

-

-

_

-

8

.
-

-

-

-

4 0 .0




_
-

1

4 0 .0

t a b le .

2
2

5

4 0 .0

of

_
-

5

67

end

1

1
1

6

172

at

_

.
-

-

239

fo o tn o te s

5
5

5
4

SECRETARIES ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

See

.

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

25

18

30

21

2C

20

21

11

21

7

4

3

1

15

15

19

16

18

21

9

21

7

3

7

2

5

12
13

12

8

1

3

-

6

15

2

4

2

9

18

26

25

30

22

14

6

2

5

5

17

16

18

24

18

14

6

2

4

1

10

7

6

4

-

~

-

2

-

7

3

1

-

1

2

3

2

"

1

_

_

_

_

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e w eek ly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by industry division, Y ork, P a ., F e b ru a ry 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

Nu m be r of w or k e r s receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
$

*
40

M ean1
2

Median 2

Middle range 2

45

$

$

S

50

55

$

$
60

65

$
70

$
75

$

S

80

85

S

90

95

$
$
ICO
105

110

$
115

i
120

and
under

125
and

45

WOMEN -

1

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

3
3

-

2
2

1
1

“

2
2

2
2

-

120

125

-

115

-

_

_

over

CONTINUED
O
'
t/ -'O
S

$
66 .50
66.50
66.5 0

$
61.0061.005S.00-

$
81.00
82.50
70.00

-

-

11
8
3

13
9
4

25
23
2

21
12
9

2
l
1

7
5
2

17
15
2

8
8

39.5
39.5

69.50
70.00

68.50
68 .50

5 9 . 0 C - 78.00
6 0 . 0 0 - 78.50

-

-

6
4

10
8

3
2

15
14

4
3

9
7

1
1

5
4

59
57

40. 0
40. 0

75.50
75.50

75.00
74.50

69.0068.50-

8 5 . 0C
85.50

_

11
11

5
5

14
14

8
8

7
5

9
9

4
4

1
1

-

_

-

-

-

*

15C
122

40.0
40.0

65. 00
66. 50

6 6 .0 0
67.00

55.0059.50-

72.00
73.00

-

18
17

35
28

27
27

11
9

7
7

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

-

lie
87
23

40. 0
40 .0
40 .0

TPANSCR1B INC-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

57
47

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

O
O

70.50
65. 00

SW ITCFEOARC OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------------------

_

-

39
21

11
11

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their re gular straight-time sala ri es and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w or k e r s and dividing by the number of w or k er s.
The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed
receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w o rk er s earn less than the lower of these rates
and a fourth earn mor e than the higher rate.




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
Data w er e not collected for draftsmen and tr a c e rs due to the revision of occupational
descriptions, which w e r e re vised to facilitate improved classification.
(See appendix A .)
It was not feasible to collect earnings data by mail the firs t year; however, earnings data
for draftsmen and tr a c e rs w ill be collected by personal visit and published next year.
Data for industrial nurses do not meet publication criteria.

6
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations1—Men and Women Combined
(Av erage straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, York, Pa. , Fe br ua ry 1965)
A verage

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
earnings 2
(standard) (standard)
W eekly

A verage

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 2
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 2
(standard)

25

39.5

$
58.00

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------MANUFACTUR1NG ----------------

72
63

40 .0
40.0

77.50
77.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------------MANLFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ------------------------------

94
78
16

39.5
39.5
39.5

72.50
71.50
78.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A

51

40 .0

53
23
3C

4C.0
40.0
40.0

6 6 .0 0
69.50
63 .00

OFFICE COYS AND GIRLS---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ------------------------------ 1

4C
20
2C

40.0
40.0
40.C

240
173
67

40 .0
40.0
40.0

Occupation and industry division

W eekly
hours 2
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 2
(standard)

$
75.50
76.00
73.00

92 .00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 6
MANUFACTURING--------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING --------------

A verage
Number
of
workers

CLERKS,
51
32
19

40.0
40 .0
39.5

00
71.00
65.5 0

FILE,

CLASS C —

161
125
36

40.0
40.0
39.5

S n ITCHEQARC OPERATORS----------------------------

BILLERS, MACHINE IBILLING
M AC HI NE ) --------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ------------------------------

24

40.0

73.50

SWITCHE0ARC OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ------------------------------

11C
87
23

40.0
40 .0
40.0

69 .00
70.50
65.0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

57
47

39.5
39.5

69.5 0
70.00

65.50
70.50
60.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

6C
58

40.0
40.0

76.00
75.50

92 .00
97.00
79.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ------------------------------

155
124
31

40.0
40.0
40.0

65 .00
66 .50
58.00

U .

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

17
17

39.5
39.5

80.00
80.00

BCCKKEEP ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

86
32

40.0
40.0

61.00
67.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING --------------------------------------

34
18
16

39.5
40.0
39.0

89.00
92.50
85.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8 ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLR I N G --------------------------------------

77
56
21

39.5
40.0
39.0

70.00
74.00
60.50

CLERKS, f I L E , CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

60
22

40.0
40.0

57.00
62.50

SECRETARIES ----------------MANUFACTURING -----NCNMANUFACTLRING -

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ------------------------------

1 Salaries of professional and technical wo rk er s are omitted from this report.
Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




7
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1965)

N um ber of w o rk e rs receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1
Number
of
■workers

Occupation and industry division

$
M e an 13 M edian 2
2

M iddle ra n g e2

$

$

i

U n d e r 1* 50 1* 60 1,70
5
and
_
_
1.50 under

I

i

$

$

1* 8C 1* 90 2* 0C 2* 10
_
_
_
_

i

___________ 1 . 6 0

CARPENTERS,

MAINTENANCE

-------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

ELECTRIC IA NS,

M A I N T E N A N C E -------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------FIREMEN,

STATIONARY

MANUFACTURING

HELPERS,

BOILER

MAINTENANCE

MANUFACTURING
MACHINE-TOOL

----------------------

---------------------------------------------------

TRADES

-------------------

---------------------------------------------------

OPERATORS,

TCCLRCCM

- -

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------MACHINISTS,

M A I N T E N A N C E -------------------------------

MANUFACTURING
MECHANICS,

---------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

— --------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------M A I N T E N A N C E ---------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------------------

O I L E R S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------PAIN TERS,

MAINTENANCE

------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------PIPEFITTERS,

M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------TCOL

ANC

1.8C

1.9C

2.00

2 . 10

2 ,2 0

2 .3 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$
2.69
2.69

$
2 .6 8
2 .6 8

$
$
2 . 4 7 - 2.92
2 . 4 8 - 2.89

79
79

2 .8 6
2 .8 6

2.85
2.85

2 . 7 5 - 2.95
2 . 7 5 - 2.95

55
54

2.27
2.29

2. 34
2.35

1 .7 9 - 2.58
2 . 0 3 - 2.59

56
47

2 .2 2
2.28

2.26
2.28

2 . 2 1 - 2.33
2 . 2 3 - 2.35

-

45
45

2.92
2.92

2.87
2.87

2 . 8 2 - 3.05
2 . 8 2 - 3.05

-

70
65

2.79
2.76

2.81
2.79

2 . 6 6 - 2.90
2 . 6 5 - 2.89

-

83
32
51
49

2.78
2 .2 0
3.14
3.15

3. 13
1.99
3. 2 4
3.24

2 . 2 7 - 3.26
1 . 9 5 - 2.44
3 . 1 5 - 3.29
3 . 1 8 - 3.29

112
108

2.73
2.70

2.83
2.82

19
16

2 .2 2
2.26

19
19

-

0 IE

M A K E R S ------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------------------

5
4

“

1

6
6

1

2
2

4
1

1

-

-

-

i

2

2 .5 0

6
6
-

1

~

$

2 .6 0

$

2.7 0

-

5
5

8
8

6
6

-

$

$

i

i

$

i

!

$

I

2 * 60 2* 70 2 * fl0 2 * 90 3 * 00 3* 10 3* 20 3-30 3* 40 3* 50 3« 60
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
2.8 0

2 . SC

3

1

3

1

10

28
28

10

3 .00

5
3

3 .1 0

3 .20

3.3C

3.40

3.50

3.60

3.70

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

15

1

1

15

1

1

7
7

_

_

_

2

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

~

~

_

_

_

-

-

9
9

-

23
23

3
3

3
3

7
7

21
18

10
10

2
2

2
2

_

_

~

~

-

-

-

-

10
10

-

-

-

4
-

_

-

_

4

4

14

1

“

-

4

4

14

1

6
6

3

-

2

1

4

_

3

13

2
2

-

-

27
26

13

“

*

2
2

-

-

2
2

-

5
5

4
4

14
14

1C
10

3
1
2
2

-

-

“

~

~

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 . 4 7 - 2.88
2 . 4 5 - 2.88

-

-

-

-

~

~

“

2.35
2.36

1 . 9 5 - 2.48
1 . 9 7 - 2.49

-

-

1
-

2.40
2.40

2.39
2.39

2 . 1 9 - 2.69
2 . 1 9 - 2.69

-

26
26

2.75
2.75

2.71
2.71

147
147

3.00
3.00

3.05
3.05

_

-

!

-

18
18

-

1

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

15
15

2
2

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

_

~

-

1
1

3
3

1
1

3

-

-

~

~

-

5
5

~

-

5
5

2
2

-

-

3

-

-

3
1
2
2

-

-

1
l

10
10

5
5

3
3

_

9
9

51
51

10
10

~

2
2

2
2

5
5

-

_

3
3

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

3
3

1
1

1
1

!

_

-

2
2

_

1

1
1

-

-

6
6

5
5

2
2

4
4

1
1

3
3

_

_

2 . 8 7 - 3.1?
2 . 8 7 - 3.17

7
7

-

7
7

16
16

10
10

20
20

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

2

6
6

27
2
25
25

1
1

4
4

_

6

_

-

_

-

2 . 5 2 - 2.98
2 . 5 2 - 2.98

-

_
-

-

-

~

-

1 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 F o r definition of te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 T ransportation, communication, and other public utilities.




2 .4 0

1
“

AUTOMOTIVE

(M AIN TENANCE)

MECHANICS,

1.70

23
19

i

2 ,2 0 2* 30 2 * 40 2 * 50
_
_
_
_

2
-

10

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

8
8

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

5
5

26
26

35
35

16
16

-

-

8
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Y o r k , P a , , F e b r u a r y 1965)

H
ourly earnings 1
2

Number of w orkers r e o eiving straight-time houriLy earnings of—
$
1 .0 0

Occupation1 and industry division

Mean3

Median3

M
iddle range3

$
1 .1 0

$
1 .2 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
f
1.30 1.4C 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0

$
S
$
$
2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20

S
2 .1 0

$
%
$
$
$
5
t
S
2.20 2.30 2 .40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80

2.30 ;2.40 2!• 50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.9C 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.3C

and
under
1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1.30

1.4C

1.5C

1.60

GUARDS ANC WATCHMEN-----------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

131
129

$
1.91
1.91

$
1.92
1.94

$
$
1 . 5 7 - 2.22
1 . 5 6 - 2.23

~

-

5
5

12
12

1C
1C

9
9

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

12
10

4
4

13
13

5
5

13
13

13
13

14
14

8
8

1
1

-

-

-

12
12

-

“

-

~

~

GLARE $:
MAN IFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

-

-

3

-

-

3

7

5

2

-

*

8

-

1

-

12

-

-

15
12
3
3

7
7

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

“

_
-

1.7C 1.8C

1.90 2 . 0 0

-

-

A1

2.19

2.31

1 . 8 6 - 2.72

-

-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

88

1.78

1.81

1 . 4 8 - 2.14

-

-

5

12

7

9

10

1

6

-

11

13

313
242
71
15

1.82
1.92
1.49
1.90

1.91
2 .0 2
1.48
1.89

1 . 5 1 - 2.16
1 . 6 6 - 2 .2 0
1 . 2 7 - 1.64
1 .7 4 - 2.09

3
3
~

_
~

23
2
21
~

18
15
3

31
19
12
~

25
12
13
1

25
20
5
1

22
17
5
5

8
6
2

27
26
1
1

32
29
3
3

37
37
-

40
40
-

~

~

MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

AC
23
17

1.64
1.82
1.39

1.58
1.85
1.28

1 . 3 1 - 2.04
1 . 5 7 - 2.06
1 . 1 8 - 1.55

3
3

2
2

5
5

3
1
2

1
-

8
7
l

_
-

3
3
-

2
2

1
1
-

7
7
-

4
l
3

808
615
193
136

2.14
1.95
2.75
3.05

2.13
2 .0 0
3.04
3.08

1.691.652.333.03-

2 . AC
2.18
3.11
3.14

_
“

-

7
7
-

27
27
-

54
51
3

24
24
-

101
100
1
-

22
21
1
-

30
21
9
-

56
56
-

42
27
15
-

166
151
15
“

20
20
-

60
47
13
-

11
10
1
l

58
53
5
5

3
3
3

ORDER
FILLERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFAC TU RI N G ------------------------------

217
107
110

2.15
2.13
2.17

2.31
2.07
2.34

2 . 0 2 - 2.37
1 .9 9 - 2.50
2 . 3 1 - 2.37

_
-

_
-

9
3
6

4
4

_
-

1
1

15
6
9

16
16
-

35
35
-

18
16
2

_
-

-

3
3
-

85
1
84

4
4

27
27
~

-

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

195
162

2.03
2.13

2.05
2. 18

1 .5 9 - 2.51
1 . 6 4 - 2.55

_

-

21
14

4
4

16
16

15
11

14
8

13
7

4
4

2
2

18
18

20
20

5
5

2

21
21

-

10
4
6

2
2
-

3
2
1

5
5
-

-

2
2

11
9

1
“

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

8
6
2
2

_
-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

1

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTURING-----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------------------

-

14

JAMTCRS, PORTERS* ANC CLEANERS----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 4 --------------------------

-

JAMTCRS*

PORTERS* ANC CLEANERS

-

_
-

10
2

1

1

_
-

-

l

(WOMEN)------------------

58

1.74

1.60

1 .5 5 - 2.03

-

-

-

2

-

28

2

-

4

2

76
45
31

2.23
2.39
1.99

2.27
2. 34
1.99

2 . 0 2 - 2 .AA
2 . 2 5 - 2.53
1 . 7 8 - 2.29

_
-

_
-

1
1

2
2

_
-

1
1
-

6
6

_
-

-

_
-

8
8

6
6

4
4
-

15
14
1

11
11
-

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

28
24

2.40
2.41

2.52
2.52

2 . 1 6 - 2.59
2 . 1 6 - 2.59

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

~

1
-

-

4
4

_

-

4
4

1
l

-

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

A9
A3

2.17
2.25

2.17
2.19

2 . 0 4 - 2.34
2 . 1 1 - 2.35

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

“

-

5
5

_

-

6
-

_

-

-

4
4

14
14

4
4

11

MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 4 --------------------------

447
136
311
223

2.63
2.03
2-89
3.17

2.73
2 .1 1
3.15
3.19

2 . 1 5 - 3.19
1 .7 5 - 2.26
2 . 4 B - 3.22
3 . 1 4 - 3.24

~

-

3
2
1

11
6
5
~

5
3
2
~

22
17
5
“

16
13
3
~

19
7
12
~

9
9
-

9
9
-

34
34
-

5
5
-

1C
10
-

~

~

”

-

72
11
61
1

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------------------------

31

1.69

1.65

1.47-

-

-

-

10

-

11

-

3

4

-

*

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
-

13
13

_
-

74
74
74

53
53
53

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

_

_

-

~

_
-

-

“

17
17

20

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------------' MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

_

-

_
-

PACKERS,

SHIPPING

TR UC K C RIV ER S 5

------------------------------------------------

TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 -1 /2 TC
ANC INCLUDING A TONS) -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

94
51

1.87

-

2.14
2.04

2.35
2.09

1 .8 2 - 2.45
1 . 7 1 - 2.39

-

“

~

1

~

~

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (CVER A TCNS,
TRAIL ER TYPE ) ------------------------------------

78

2.84

3.10

2.46-

3.25

-

-

-

*

-

TRUCKERS. PUWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

313
253

2.27
2.23

2.31
2.30

2 . 0 9 - 2.46
2 . 0 6 - 2.41

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

1 Data limited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
3 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 Includes all drive rs re ga rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.




and late shifts.

3
3

_

_

9
8

9
“

-

-

4

-

20
20

19
19

8
6

3
3

9
8

6
6

1
30
20

6
6

2
2

_
u

5
5

41
10

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

2
2
-

1
1

-

2
2

-

_

4
4

_

_

_
~

6
6
6

_
-

~

4
4
~

120
1 20
1 20

94
94
94

-

-

2

-

-

1
~

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

23

5

15
15

53
43

59
59

42
20

16
14

~

1
1

-

-

~

_

_
-

-

-

_

-

_

_

2
2

~

-

-

6

-

-

39

30
30

-

-

-

14
~

-

~

“

~

~

Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

D raftsm an. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A , B,
and C; and draftsm an-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
m an (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not com parable to data previously
published. In areas where current em ploym ent and earnings information
was collected largely by m ail this year and w ill be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations w ill
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsm an and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
inform ation for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of inform ation provided. The com bination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is com parable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

9




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau* s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

11

12
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woiker's name, woiking days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

13
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical woik.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ('’Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

14

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or
perform routine cleric al work as part of regular duties. This typing or
c le ric al work m ay take the m ajor part of this w orkers tim e while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

sp ecific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagram s and
some filin g work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for ex am p le, individual sorting or collatin g runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR

C lass A . Operates a variety of tabulating or e le ctric al account­
ing m achines, typ ically including such m achines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
m ents typ ically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typ ically involved in training new operators in m achine
operations, or p artially trained operators in wiring from diagram s
and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors perform ing tabulating-m achine operations
and d ay-to-d ay supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-m achine operators.

C lass B. Operates more difficult tabulating or e le ctric al account­
ing m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is perform ed under specific
instructions and m ay include the perform ance of some wiring from
d iagram s. The work typically involves, for ex am p le, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but sm all
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training of new
em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.

C lass C .
Operates sim ple tabulating or e le ctric al accounting
m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do sim ple c le rical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied tech nical or specialized vocabulary such as le g a l briefs or reports
on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to m ake copies of various m aterial or to m ake
out b ills after calculation s have been m ade by another person. M ay in­
clude typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
processes. May do cle ric al work involving little sp ecial training, such
as keeping sim ple records, filin g records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m a il.

C lass A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves com bining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication , punctu­
ation, e tc . , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to m aintain uniform ity and balance in spacing. M ay type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

C lass B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of form s, insurance p o lic ie s,
e t c . ; and setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

15

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
C lass A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and m ay recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form , function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a m inimum of supervisory
assistance. C om pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determ inations. M ay either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower le v e l draftsmen.
C lass B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of m ost of the standardized drawing tech ­
niques regularly used. Duties typ ically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes, m ultiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
d etail drawings of foundations, w all sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accep ted form ulas and m anuals in m aking necessary com putations
to determine quantities of m aterials to be used, load cap acities,
strengths, stresses, etc. R eceives in itial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. C om pleted work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, m anufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur. Work m ay be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSM AN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delin eation .)
and/or
Prepares sim ple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse'who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accid en t on the prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent.
Duties involve a com bination o f the follow in g: Giving first aid to the i l l
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical exam inations and health evaluations
of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and m aintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishm ent. Woik involves m ost of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and layin g out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable power tools,

and standard m easuring instruments; m aking standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




16

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electric al trade functions such as the in­
stallation , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
e le ctric al equipm ent such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s, or other
transmission equipm ent; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e lectrical
system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to load
requirem ents of wiring or e lectric al equipm ent; and using a variety of
e le ctric ia n 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce.

a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipm ent; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a ­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is perm itted
to perform specialized m achine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also perform ed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and m aintains and m ay also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipm ent (m ech an ical or e le ctrical) to supply the
establishm ent in which em ployed with power, h eat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining equipm ent
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ven tilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and b o iler-fed
w ater pumps; m aking equipm ent repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. H ead or chief engineers in establishm ents em ploying
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of m achine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lath es,
or m illing m achines, in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gages,
jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult m achining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and m aking necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. M ay be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le ct proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are e x ­
cluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
em ployed with h eat, power, or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m ech an ical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valv es. May clean , o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipm ent.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by perform ing sp ecific or general duties of lesser sk ill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in m aking repairs of
m etal parts of m ech anical equipm ent operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard m achine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; m aking
standard shop com putations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com mon m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipm ent re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assem bling parts into m ech anical
equipm ent. In general, the m achinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

17

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (M TEN CE)
AIN AN

O
ILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts* In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

M
ECHANIC, M TEN CE
AIN AN
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woric of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M
ILLW
RIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, M TEN CE
AIN AN
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, M TEN CE
AIN AN
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLU BER, M TEN CE
M
AIN AN
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

18

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sh eet-m etal
equipm ent and fixtures (such as m achine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
m ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sh eet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all av ailab le types of sh eet-m etal­
working m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sh eet-m etal articles
as required. In gen eral, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out of work from m odels,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instru-7
m ents, understanding of the working properties of com mon m etals and
alloys; setting up and operating of m achine tools and related equipm ent;
m aking necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal parts during fab ri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allow ances; and selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die m aker’ s work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die m aker; jig m aker; topi m aker; fixture m aker; gage m aker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die m akers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification .
MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
m ent house, departm ent store, hotel, or sim ilar establishm ent. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination o f the following:
Sw eeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either a t fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatem en who are stationed at gate and check on identity of em ployees and
other persons entering.

JA NITO R, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sw eeper; charwoman; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an o ffice, apartm ent house, or com m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockm an
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or p lacing
m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a­
terials or m erchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

19

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SH
IPPIN
G
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. W requires the placing of
odc
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SH
IPPIN AND RECEIVIN CLERK
G
G

TRUCKER, POW
ER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, woikers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than foiklift)

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irectory indicating dates of e a rlie r studies, and the p rices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Bulletin number
and price

A rea
Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1------Albany—
Schenectady— roy, N .Y ., Mar. 19641
T
Albuquerque, N. M ex ., Apr. 19641------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— .J ., Feb. 19641
N
Atlanta, G a., May 19641 _______________________
B altim ore, M d., Nov. 19641
Beaumont— o rt Arthur, Tex., May 1964
P
Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 19641— __
B oise City, Idaho, July 19641 ------Boston, M ass., Oct. 19641 -----------

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 19641
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1964.
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 19641—
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 19641 ------Charlotte, N.C., Apr. 1964 1 --------- -—
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 19641—
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641 ______________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., Mar. 1964 1_____
K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641 -

1430-36,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

A rea

Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1964.
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N.J., M a y l9 6 4 *
P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 19641___
Phoenix, A r iz ., Mar. 19641-----Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19651—
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964_
Portland, O reg.—
Wash., May 1964
Providen ce—
Pawtucket, R .I.— ass., May 1964.
M
Raleigh, N. C., Sept. 1964.
Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964—----

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25
25
35
25
30
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1430-46,

20
25
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1385-44,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
25
30
30
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1964--------Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1965____
Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 19651
Kansas City, M o.-Kans., Nov. 1964.,
Law rence— averhill, M ass.— .H ., June 1964 1 _
H
N
_
L ittle Rock-North L ittle Rock, A rk., Aug. 1964l .
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., Mar. 19641 -_
_
Lou isville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 19651
Lubbock, Tex., June 1 9 6 4 ------Manchester, N .H ., Aug. 19641 __
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1965_________

1430-30,
1430-44,
*430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1430-42,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964.
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1964 *-_
Spokane, Wash., May 1964—___
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964-.
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1964 1____________ -_________________
Washington, D. C.—
Md.— a ., Oct. 1964
V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1964
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1964*-___
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 19641___
W orcester, M ass., June
York, Pa., Feb. 1965—

1430-25, 30 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-29,
1385-56,
1430-39,
1385-71,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1385-42,
1385-72,

Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965____ _ ___
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1964.
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 19641
Detroit, M ich., Jan. 19651 ------------------F o rt Worth, Tex., Nov. 19641_
Green Bay, W is., Aug. 19641—
G reen ville, S.C., May 1964*-—
Houston, Tex., June 19641 -----

-----

25
25
30
25
25
25
25
40

M iam i, F la., Dec. 1964Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1964.
MinneapolisHSt. Paul, Minn., Jan. 19651
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1964 1
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb. 1965New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965.
New Orleans, La., Feb. 1964.
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 19641-.
N orfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., June 1964—
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1964 1 ------------------------—

Rockford, 111., Apr. 19641__
St. Louis, M o.—
111., Oct. 1964l .
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 19641_
San Antonio, Tex., June 1964-_____
San Bernardino— iver side—
R
Ontario, Calif.,
Sept. 1964_____________
San Diego, C alif., Sept. 19641—.
San Francis co-Oakland, C alif., Jan. 19651---Savannah, Ga., May 1964 1--------Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1964—
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 1964—.

Dalias, Tex., Nov. 19641 ________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—

Bulletin number
and price

1385-77, 20 cents
1430
1430-5, 25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102