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I

Occupational Wage Survey
WATERLOO, IOWA
NOVEMBER 1964

i Waterloo
BLACK HAWK

Bulletin No. 1430-23




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TISTIC S
Ewan C logue, Commissioner




HAWAII

O ccupational Wage Survey
WATERLOO, IOWA




NOVEMBER 1964

Bulletin No. 1430-23
January 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of an n ual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d etailed data by se le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n s fo r each
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s , an d f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T ab les:
1.

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , an d p e r c e n t s o f
i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _____________ —________________________
A. O ccu p atio n a l e a r n i n g s : *
A - 1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n _________________________
A -2. P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n _______________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d -----------------------------------------------A -4. M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A -5. C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----------------B.

3

5
6
6
7
8

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B - l . M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s -----B - 2 . S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ______________________________________________
B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _______________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s __________________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ________________________
B - 7 . P a i d s i c k l e a v e _________________________________________________
B - 8 . P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ___________________________________________

9
10
10
11
12
14
15
16

A ppendixes:
A . C h a n g e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________
B . O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________________

17
19

E i g h t y - t w o a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a l l y in e a c h a r e a . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f the a r e a s .




E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d

2.

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ie d .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a
ro u n d o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n i s i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s s t u d i e d in to one b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
i n f o r m a t i o n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s a n d the
U n ite d S t a t e s .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , in N o v e m b e r 1964. It w a s p r e p a r e d in the
B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111., b y L e o n a r d
O l s o n , u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n o f K e n n e t h T h o r s t e n . T h e s t u d y
w a s u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f W o o d ro w C . L i n n , A s s i s ­
ta n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s an d I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .

1
4

areas.

Hi

* N O T E : S i m i l a r tab u latio n s a r e a v a ila b le fo r other
(See in sid e b ack co v er.)




Occupational Wage Survey—Waterloo, Iowa
Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U.S. Department of Labor*s
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related wage benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data
were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to rep­
resentative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet pub­
lication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
The averages presented reflect composite, areawide estimates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing and,
thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job. The pay
relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect accurately
the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in individual
establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels for men
and women in any of the selected occupations should not be assumed to
reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within individual es­
tablishments. Other possible factors which may contribute to differ­
ences in pay for men and women include: Differences in progression
within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates paid in­
cumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties performed,
although the workers are appropriately classified within the same
survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying employees
in these surveys are usually more generalized than those used in
individual establishments and allow for minor differences among es­
tablishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Es­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually
surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among es­
tablishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in appendix B. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A-series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B-series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working fore­
men and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees)
engaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufactur­
ing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the es­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
terms of (1) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plans; and profit-sharing
plans (tables B-4 through B-8) are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority
of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the prac­
tices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B-2 through B-8 may
not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e . , (1) are provided
for in written form,, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of life
insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions, 2 plans are included only if the employer ( l ) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
m ercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B-6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance

Profit-sharing plans (table B-8) are limited to formal plans
with definite formulas for computing profit shares to be distributed
among employees and whose formulas were communicated to em­
ployees in advance of the determination of profits. Data are presented
according to provisions for distributing profit shares to employees:
( l ) Current or cash distribution of profit shares within a short period
after determination of profits; (2) deferred distribution of profit shares
after a specified number of years or at retirement; (3) combination
current and deferred plans; and (4) elective distribution plans, under
which each participant is required to select whether to take his share
of the current year's profit in cash, have it deferred, or part in cash
and part deferred.

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

Table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Waterloo, Iowa,
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions

_

__

___

by major industry division, 2 November 1964

Number of establishments
Within
scope of
study 3

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

Office

Plant

T o ta l4

59

46

20,500

2, 300

15,200

19,450

-

30
29

23
23

16,600
3,900

1,700
600

12,800
2,400

15,940
3, 510

50
50
50
50
50

7
1
13
3
5

7
1
9
2
4

1,600
200
1,400
200
500

200
(*)

800

1, 560
180
1, 180
130
460

50

Manufacturing
___
Nonmanufacturing
_
__
___ —
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilities5.
Wholesale trade
_
____
Retail trade ,,
„. t
^ ,L _ I_
L
Finance, insurance, and real estate------------------------S e rv ic e s 8
_ _ _ _ _ _
-----_ _

o

0
0

(6)
<I>
(6)

(6)

1 The Waterloo Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea consists of Black Hawk County. The "w orkers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate
description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes
fo r the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied,
and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and fo r "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made fo r one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample
was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in
estimates for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made fo r one or more of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.




Table 2.

Indexes o f standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Waterloo, Iowa,
November 1964 and November 1963, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(November 1960=100)

Occupational group
November 1964

November 1963

113. 6
(*)
115.8
116. 8

109. 7
(*)
113.7
115. 2

Office clerica l (men and women)----------Industrial nurses (men and women)------Skilled maintenance (men)------------------Unskilled plant (m en)___ _______________

Data do not meet publication criteria.

Percents of increase
November 1963
to
November 1964

3. 5
(l)

1.8
1.4

November 1962
to
November 1963

November 1961
to
November 1962

November I960
to
November 1961

4. 3
(*)
5. 2
4.4

0. 8
(*)
2.9
4. 0

4. 4
( l)
5. 0
6. 0

4
W age Trends for Selected O ccupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
• ( Average straight-time w e e k l y hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an are a basis
b y industry division, Waterloo, Iowa, N o v e m b e r 1964)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e e k l y earnings of—
$
45

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

%

50

55

60

55

60

65

5

8

1

2
-

-

4

6

and
under
50

HE N
C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

27
23

40.0
40.0

BUUKKEEPING-MACHINfc OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ---------------------------------

20

40.5

64.00

58.50

55.00- 69.50

CLERKS,

C L A S S A --------

22

40.0

110.00

112.50

92.00-128.00

-

-

-

-

-

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------

57
27
30
19

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

73.50
78. 50
69.50
73.50

74.00
81.00
69.00
7 3. 50

63.0065.0062.0067.00-

84.00
88.00
80.50
83.50

_
-

2
1
1

6

8

5
1

10
5
5
2

2
6
5

1
3
3

3
3
2

5
4
3

CLERKS,

FI L E ,

CLASS

B ----------------

18

40.0

71.00

72.50

59.50-

83.00

-

3

2

2

2

-

2

5

CLERKS,

FILE,

CLASS

C ---------------------------------

18
16

40.0
40.0

53.00
53.50

54.00
54.50

5 1 . 0 0 - 5 T .5 0
.
52.00- 58.00

3
I

8
8

6
6

, p a y r o l l ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

33
28

40.0
40.0

88.50
89. 50

90.00
87.50

69.00-112.50
68.00-114.00

_

_
-

3
2

82. 50

86.00

66.50-100.50

-

-

102.50 101.50
109.50 116.00
8 9. 00
84.50

82.50-123.00
84.50-131.50
76.00-107.00

-

-

“

-

120.00
123.50

127.50 103.50-137.50
130.00 110.00-138.50

WOMEN

ACCOUNTING,

nonmanufacturing
clerks

K l YPUNCH OPERATORS,

-

i

-

1

2

8

9

-

-

2

—

5
3

-

—
-

1

—
-

-

-

-

-

2

1

2

1

3

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

3

2
-

-

3

-

2

2

-

-

1

1

4

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1
4
4

2
2

8

5

4

4

2
2

"

1
1

7
4

2
1
1

6
l
5

3
1
2

6
4

5
4

2

1

C L A S S B --------

56

40.0

S E C R E T A R I E S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

73
49
24

40.0
40.0
40.0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

94
76
18

40.0
4 0.0
40.0

84.00
86.00
75.50

85.50
86. 50
69.00

76.00- 97.50
79.50- 97.00
59.00- 99.00

_
-

STENOGRAPHERS,

S E N I O R ----------------

61

40.0

97.00

100.50

90.50-109.50

-

1

-

2

SkiTCHBUAKU OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

17

40.0

65.50

64.00

59.00- 76.00

-

2

3

5

-

1

T R A N S C RIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G t N E R A L ---------------------------------

22

40.0

66. 50

64.00

61.00-

75.50

-

1

3

9

2

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

25
23

40.0
40.0

90.50
92.00

93.50
95.00

81.00-101.50
82.50-102.00

-

-

-

-

“

“

~

53
48

40.0
40.0

72.50
74. CO

75.00
77.00

63.00- 82.50
63. 5 0 - 83.00

1

1
1

11
10

4
3

1
S

3

1

3

6

1
9

8
6

—
3

2

5
5

-

2

—

1

6

1

3

9

18
15

5
4
9

-

2

-

-

-

-

3

4

5

6
7

7

12
12

-

3
5
5

4
2
2

5
-

6

l

-

-

6

2

-

6

5

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1
-

-

-

l

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

—

-

-

1
-

-

_

-

3
3
-

1
-

-

-

-

1

8
-

—
-

—

8

1
2

-

-

3

5
1

-

—
1

5

-

-

-

—

2
-

-

-

7

2

-

l

1
1

6

-

3

-

-

1
1

2

4
4

3

1
2

5
5

1

3

3
1

17
17

1

5

2

2
5
4

14
14

3

2

2

2
2

13

3

-

9

-

4

2
2

—

2

5

14
1

2

4
1

I

2

3

1
1

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

6
-

^

5
4

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for w h i c h e m p l o y e e s receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings corres p o n d to these w e e k l y hours.
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d for each job b y totaling the earnings of all w o r k e r s and dividing b y the n u m b e r of workers.
T h e m e d i a n designates position— half of the e m p l o y e e s surveyed receive m o r e
than the rate shown; half receive less than the' rate shown.
T h e m iddle range is defined b y 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the
higher rate.
3 Transportation, c o mmunication, and other public utilities.




6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, W aterloo, Iowa, Novem ber 1964)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e
w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$

W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

i

t

workers

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

75

of

O ccu p ation and in d u s try d iv is io n

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

9

2

8

7

2

9

3

9

1

5

6

2

8

3

2

2

2

2

5
5

14
14

5
5

3
3

2
2

70
M edian 2

M ean 2

$

and
under

Middle range 2

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B3----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

40

4 0 .0

1 0 5 .5 0

$
1 0 6 . CO

$
$
9 8 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

34

4 0 .0

1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

-

-

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C 3 ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

51
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .5 0
9 5 . CO

9 9 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

1

1 0 0 .0 0

1

4
2

1
w eekly
2
3

13
13

Standard hours re fle c t the workweek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their regu lar straight-tim e sala ries and the earnings
hours.
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
D escription fo r this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.

_

correspond to these

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A vera g e straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, W aterloo, Iowa, Novem ber 1964)
Average

Average

Occupation and ndustry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

O c c u p a t i o n a nd industry division

Number
of
vorkers

(standard)

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS -

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

20

40.5

$
64.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A -M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

49
41

40.0
40.0

115.50
119.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2------

75
28
47
36

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

79.50
79.50
79.50
84.50

CLERKS,

18

40.0

B ---------

40.0

82.50

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

74
50
24

40.0
40.0
4 0.0

103.50
110.50
8 9 . CO

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

94
76
18

40.0
40.0
40.0

84.00
86. 00
75. 50

KEYPUNCH

OPERATORS,

CLASS

71.00

CLASS

B

61

40.0

CLERKS,

0R0ER

CLERKS, PAYROLL ■
MANUFACTURING

C
-

18
16
19
40
35

40.0
40.0
o
o

C L E R K S , FILE, C LASS
NONMANUFACTURING

40.0
40.0

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

TKANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -----------------------------------

22

40.0

$
66.50

TYu I S T S , C L A S S A -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

25
23

40.0
40.0

90. 50
92.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

57
48

4 0.0
40.0

T4.50
74.00

75.50

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A f RS,
t
C L A S S b ------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

21
20

95. 50
97.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S C ------------------------------------------------------------

15

OCCUPATIONS

53.00
53.50

SENIOR

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

65.50

40.0
40.0

106.50
107.00

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B 3--------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

40
34

40.0
40.0

105.50
106.00

85.00

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C 3--------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

51
49

40.0
40.0

94.50
95.00

Standard hours re fle c t the workweek fo r which em ployees re ceive their regu lar stra igh t-tim e sa la ries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
D escription for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




- CONTINUED

9 7 . CO

17

of
woikers

c
o
v3

------------------------------

OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

SWITCHB0ARD

o
o

FILE,

O c c u p a t i o n a n d industry division

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

OFFICE
5o

STENOGRAPHERS,

B U U K K f c E P I NG-MACHINt- O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S B ----------------------------

Average
Number

W eekly

7
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r m en in s e le c te d occu p ation s stu died on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , W a te r lo o , Iow a, N o v e m b e r 1964)
Hourly earnings

N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s of—

1

i
$
$
l
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
*
S
$
t
*
$
&
$
$
1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2. 50 2. 60 2.70 2.80 2 .90 3.00 3.10 :3.20 3. 30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90

Number

O ccu p ation and in d u s try d iv is io n
workers

M ean 2

Median

2

M iddle range2

and
under

2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.,60 2. 70 2 .80 2.90 3.00 3. ID 3.20 .3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00

$

$

M A I N T E N A N C E ----

30

3.09

3.20

$
$
2 .9 8- 3.28

E L f c C T RICIANS, M A I N T E N A N C E M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

86
82

3.45
3.44

3.61
3.66

3 .1 3- 3.75
3. 12- 3.75

ENGINEERS,

CARPENTERS,

STATIONARY

-------

-

_

-

-

-

11

4

4
4

9
9

1
1

7
7

2

-

-

-

4

_

4
4

5
~
16
16

1

-

-

3

8

_

_

~
-

-

7
3

4
4

5

12

4

-

5
3

6

12
12

_

_

“

8
8

21
21

-

19

3

13

3
3

3
3

1

39
39

“

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

1

MLCHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ------- --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

41
30

3.15
3.17

3.24
3.32

2. 90- 3.42
2.8 0- 3.44

_

-

_
-

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

131
129

3.34
3. 33

3.40
5.39

3 .1 7- 3.63
3.17- 3.63

-

-

_

-

-

61

3.27

3.33

3 .1 6- 3.43

-

-

-

-

117
117

3.55
3.55

3.88
3.88

3.06- 3.95
3.0 6- 3.95

-

-

-

-




7

2
2

-

-

-

h o lid a y s ,

1

2
2

-

2

2 .5 3- 2.68

E x clu d es p re m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e ek en d s,
F o r d e fin itio n o f te r m s , see fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .

1

8
8

1

3.25- 3.48

2.63

MAINTENANCE —

1

3
3

1

3.41

2.57

T O O L A N D D I E M A K E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

-

1

3.23

15

PIPEFITTERS,

_

-

-

31

MAINTENANCE

-

-

TRADES

HELPERS,

~

5

-

-

-

_

_
-

3
2

1
-

6
6

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

3
3

6
6

7
7

2
2

-

-

-

1

2

1

1

-

_

-

1

8
8

2
2

_

7
7

19
19

-

l

and la te sh ifts.

-

3

_

~
-

-

-

21
19

43
43

21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

6
6

10
10

56
56

~

-

8
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , W a te rlo o , Iow a, N o v e m b e r 1964)
b lu m b e r o f w o r k e r s

Hourly earnings2

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

107
105

JANITORS. PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4----------------------5

103
35

138

15

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

S

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

-

1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

2
2

-

2
2

-

-

_

~

4

3
-

r e c e liv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s

i
.
1 • 80

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

*
2 . 10

%
2 .2 0

$
2 . 30

1
2 .4 0

i

o
O'

1 .1 0
rkers

$
1 .3 0

1 .2 0

O ccu p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv is io n

i

o
oo

$

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 . 20

2 .3 0

2.

40

7
7

10
10

4
4

1
1

-

~

~

9

5

7

2
7
6

4

1
-

1
1

1
6
6

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .1 0

$
2 .5 0
2 . 50

$
2 .6 6
2 .6 6

$
2 .5 1 2 .3 5 -

$
2 .7 4
2 .7 3

2 .2 7
2 .4 2
1 .8 1
2 .1 9

2 .5 2
2 .5 6
1 .9 9
2 .1 9

2 .0 7 2 .5 0 1 .3 7 -

2 .5 9
2 .6 2
2 .1 9

2
-

2
-

2

2

2 .1 3 -

2 .3 5

~

_

_

-

t
2 .8 0

(
2 .9 0

1
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

2> . 5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3k .1 0

3 .2 0

over

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

33

38
36

-

-

8
8

33

-

-

-

-

30
30

_

_

_

_

_

_

49

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .1 8
2 .2 7

2 .5 2
2 .5 4

1 .8 2 1 .8 5 -

2 .5 9
2 .6 1

9
9

6
6

.

.

_

_

_

-

-

*

-

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

590
563
27

2 .6 1
2 .6 2
2 .2 3

2 .6 5
2 .6 5
2 .3 5

2 .6 0 2 .6 1 -

2 .6 9
2 .6 9

-

-

63
61

353
352

18
17

69
69

-

_

8
8

-

1 .3 8 -

3 .1 1

-

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

20
18

2 .7 3
2 .7 3

2 .8 9
2 .8 9

2 .5 3 2 .4 9 -

2 .9 5
2 .9 5

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

26
24

2 .7 2
2 .7 4

2 .9 0
2 .9 1

2 .5 6 -2 .9 6
2 .6 1 - 2 .9 6

T RUCKDRIVERS s -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

72
56
16

2 .8 0
2 .8 0
2 .7 9

2 .9 3
2 .9 1
3 .0 5

2 .8 0 2 .7 6 2 -9 3 -

3 .1 2
3 .0 8
3 .1 6

3 .2 0
and

“

“

27
24

1
3
~

1

2
1

-

3
2
1

3

1

-

~

~

“

~

_

_

4
2

1
1

4

4

4

4

4

4

-

-

4
-

4
-

“

4

4

-

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

1
-

4
2
2
1

_

-

5
3
2

5
3

7
5

2

“

“

2
l

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

~

-

4
2
2

1
-

7
7

1

“

1

1
1

-

-

10
9

1

-

-

1
-

~

~

1

1
1

13
13

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

~

“

2

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

1
l

2
2

-

-

-

-

1

_

-

-

*

-

7

4
4

9
8

_

_

-

-

2
2

13

-

-

-

2

1
1

13

-

-

2
2

12
12

-

“

“

“

20
15
5

-

1

2
2

22
14
8

~

2

1

1

2
2

_

2

1

_

2

-

1
1

2

1
1

1
l

3

2

1

4
3
1

2
2

1

~

32

2 .9 3

3 .1 3

2 .9 7 -

3 .1 7

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

135
134

2 .6 7
2 .6 7

2 .8 2
2 .8 2

2 .5 1 2 .5 2 -

2 .8 6
2 .8 6

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

16
16

8
8

7
-

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T ) -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

D ata lim ite d to m en w o rk e rs ex cep t w h ere o th e rw is e in dicated.
E xclu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w eekends, h olid ays, and la te sh ifts.
F o r d efin itio n o f te rm s , see footn ote 2, ta b le A - l .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and o th er pu blic u tilitie s .
Includes a ll d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f tru ck o p erated .

49

6
4
4

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM 1 1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ------------------




J
>
2 .7 0

1

2 .5 0

and
under

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

o f—
S
2 .6 0

“

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

5

-

22

-

12
12

4
3

10
10

3
3

10
10

79
79

-

-

-

-

9

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is t r ib u t io n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1964)
O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts

M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

M a nufa c tu r i ng

__________________________________________

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m __

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

23

XXX

23

XXX

_____________

22

12

12

10

9

1

_

_

1

-

1

_

_

1

1

_

-

1

1

1
-

1
-

12

7

7

5
_

5
_

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

23

XXX

23

XX X

46

9

6

6

3

3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

2

46

2

2

2

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ___________________

7

5

30

12

$ 4 5. 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$5 0. 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$55. 00
$5 7. 50
$6 0. 00
$62. 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

40

u n d e r $ 4 5 . 0 0 ________________________________________________
under $ 4 7 . 50
_
u n d e r $ 5 0 . 0 0 ________________________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 2 . 5 0 ________________________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 5 . 0 0 ________________________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 7 . 5 0 ________________________________________________
u n d er $ 6 0 . 0 0 ________________________________________________
u n d er $ 6 2 . 5 0 ________________________________________________
over
_______________________________________________

$ 4 2. 50

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ic h d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y _______________ ________________________________

__

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f—A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s ch ed u les

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d

40

_
1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
-

1
-

-

-

3

1

1

1

2
-

2
-

1

-

-

1

1

1
-

-

-

-

2

2

2

-

-

XX X

2

XX X

15

10

XXX

5

XX X

XXX

18

XX X

9

1

XXX

8

XXX

T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la t e to f o r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r tin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s that a r e p a id f o r sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




2

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

1

1

1
-

1
_

10

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and am ou nt o f d if f e r e n t ia l,
W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

S h ift d iffe r e n t ia l

S econ d s h ift
w ork
T o t a l ____

_

.

........... .

. ...

S econ d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

.

_

98. 3

........

U n ifo r m c en ts (p e r hou r)
5 ce n ts
_ _ „... _
7 c en ts _____ _
10 c en ts _______________________ _____________
14 cen ts _ _ _ _ _
14 2 ce n ts
/3
_
. . .
___ , ... .
15 c e n ts _ _
16 c e n ts ___ ______________ __________________ _
2 0 9 io c e n ts ____________________________________
/
_

92. 1

22. 1

5. 0

98. 1

92. 1

22. 0

5. 0

97. 2

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _

A c t u a lly w o r k in g on—

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

91. 2

22. 0

5. 0

. 3
.4
3. 3
5. 4
12. 5
. 1

_
_
1. 2
_

3.
1.
19.
25.
46.

3
2
6
5
7

.9

_
_

6. 3
25. 5

_

12. 6

-

46. 7

_ _

.9

. 2

W ith no s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t ia l

.9

. 9
-

5 p e r c e n t ______________________________________
10 p ercen t. .. _

In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s ,
e v e n thou gh th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

_

3. 8
_

-

_

_

.9

-

-

-

( 2)

-

and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s

c o v e r in g

la te

s h ifts

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f f ic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS

PLA N T W ORKERS

W e e k ly h o u rs
All industries 1

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

100

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities 2

100

37V2 h o u r s _____________________________________________
39 h o u r s _______________________________________________
40 h o u r s ______________ _____ ________________________
O v e r 40 and u n d e r 44 h o u r s _____________________
44 h o u r s __________________________________________
O v e r 44 and u n d e r 48 h o u r s _______________________
48 h o u r s __________________________________________

96
2
2
(4)

96
3
1
_

100
_

50 h o u r s _______________________________________________

( 4)
"

( 4)

-

1
2
3
4

-

All industries 3

Manufacturing

100

100

100

1
22
70
1
1
2
2
2

1
26
69
1
_
1
2

_
97
_
_
3
_

In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Public utilities 2

-

11

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s by n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u ally, W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

Ite m

All industries 1

A ll

w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o rk e rs
p a id

no

in

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

p a id

in

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

Public utilities1
2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

p r o v id in g

h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------

N u m b e r

1
6
7
8
9
10

p r o v id in g

h o l i d a y s __________________________________________________________

W o rk e rs

Manufacturing

-

-

"

2

-

-

o f d a ys

h o l i d a y -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

h o l i d a y s __________________________________________________________________

( 4)

1
1

_

4

.

1
2
88

1
1
1
21

_

_

4

8

18

92

23

18

h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

36

40

-

23

27

-

h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

30

39

-

43

51

-

~

“

_

_

_

_

h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

T o ta l

10
8

h o lid a y

o r

m

o r e ------------------------------------------------------- ------------- —

(4)

30

-

43

51

-

66

78

87

96

d a ys

o r

m

o r e -------------------------------------------------------------------------

66

79

o r

m

o r e -------------------------------------------------------------- ----------

89

96

m

o r e -------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

d a y

o r
o r

m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

100
100

_

39

7 d ays
6 days

"

t im e

d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

9 days

(4)

100
100

88

100
100

98

100

98

100

1 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r ? d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




-

92

100
100

12

Table B-5.

Paid V acation s1

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p ay
'
p r o v is io n s , W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1964)
O FF IC E W O R K E R S

P L A N T W O R K ER S

V acation p o licy
All industries

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Publio utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

-

Method of payment
W ork ers in establish m ents provid ing
paid va ca tion s--------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e pa ym en t--------------------------P ercen ta g e p a y m e n t--------------------------------F la t-su m p a ym en t-----------------------------------O th e r ----------------------------------------- ------------W o rk ers in establishm ents provid ing
no paid va ca tion s----------------------------------------

-

100
46
53
1

-

-

-

-

100
37
63
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
39

1
47

40
5

48
5

54
46

53
47

92
8

97
1
2

98
1
1

100
_

8
3
89

11
89

_
25
75

84
2
14

95
1
4

12
25
62

3
( 6)
96

_

-

-

95

100

7
49
44

7
56
36

100

3
( 6)
96

5
95

100

6
49
45

6
56
37

_
100

1
89
1
9

1
98
1
-

100
-

1
97
2
( 6)

_
98
2
-

_
100
-

1
24

1
16
4
79

76
24

1
18
48

15
55
29

_
62

-

-

Amount of vacation p a y 5
A fte r 6 months o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek -----------------------------------------------1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________

-

A fte r 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------2 w e e k s ___________________________________________

-

A fte r 3 ye ars of s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------

5

_

A fte r 4 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------2 w e e k s ___________________________________________

-

A ft e r 5 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------

-

A fte r 10 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------- ----3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




3

67
5

33

( 6)

38

13

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1 Continued
—

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p lan t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S
V a c a t io n

All industries 1
2

A m ou n t

o f

A fte r

1
2

v a c a tio n

12

o f

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

1
18

1
1
1

_
45

1
10

_

8

_
35

w e e k s ____________________________________

3

4

-

48

55

-

w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

73

84

55

41

37

65

5

-

-

-

-

2 and

4 w e e k s

u n d er

3

____________________________________________________________________

A fte r

15

y e a rs

o f

w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

6

1
3

3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------

-

-

3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

87

95

2 and

u n d er

w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A fte r

20

y e a rs

o f

( 6)

s e r v ic e

w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

O v e r

4

Public utilities 3

s e r v ic e

w e e k s __________________________________________________________________-

O v e r

1
2

Manufacturing

p a y 5 ---- C o n t i n u e d

y e a rs

w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3

PLA N T W ORKERS

p o lic y

6

1

_

1
2
88
-

-

_

_

4

3

3

94

96

97

-

-

1
1

(6)

1

-

s e r v ic e

w e e k _______________________________________________________________________

1

w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5

1
2

______________________

-

-

-

3 w e e k s ____________________________________________________________________

59

62

57

70

72

65

4

__________________ ’________________________________________

30

36

31

25

w e e k s _____________________________________ _____________________

5

-

-

1
2

O v e r

2 and

u n d er

w e e k s ______

O v e r

4

A fte r

1
2

25

y e a rs

o f

1

w e e k s

5

_____

________________________________________________________

-

-

26
62

77

50

5

-

-

O v e r

4

3 w e e k s ___________

___________________

--

w e e k s ------------- -------------------------------------------------- ----------

A fte r

30

y e a rs

o f

3

w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

26

4

w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

37

42

30

35

w e e k

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

w e e k s --------------- ---------- ----------------

O v e r

O v e r

2 and under 3

4

_

2
1

_
3
-

26

32

(6)

*

-

1
1
22

2
1

38

18

33

73

80

64

-

-

3

(6)

_

_
3
-

s e r v ic e

1
2
20

1
2

_

1
2

w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

u n d er

-

1
2
20

w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 and

1
1

3

s e r v ic e

w e e k _______ _______________________________________________________________

O v e r

3
4

3 w e e k s __________

_

1
2

------------- ------------------- ----------

w e e k s -----------------------------------------------

w e e k s _____________________________ _________________ ____________

1
5
-

_

1
2
38
50

1
1
22
22
3

52

_

2
1

_

3
-

18

33

54

64

26

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as va ca tion -sa vin gs and those plans which o ffe r ’’ extended" or "sa b b a tica l" ben efits beyond basic plans to w o rk ers with qualifying lengths
s e r v ic e .
T y p ica l of such exclusions a re plans in the steel, aluminum, and can in du stries.
2 Includes data fo r w h olesa le trade; re ta il trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry division s shown sep ara tely.
3 T ran sporta tion , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data fo r w h olesale trade, re ta il trade, re a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown sep ara tely.
5 Includes paym ents other than "len gth of t im e , " such as percen tage of annual earnings or fla t-su m paym ents, con verted to an equivalent tim e b asis; fo r exam ple, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was con sidered as 1 w eek 's pay. P e rio d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily chosen and
do not n e c e s s a r ily
r e fle c t the in dividual provision s fo r p rog ress ion s. F o r exam ple, thechanges
in proportions indicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include changes in provision s o ccu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a rs.
E stim ates a re cu m ulative.
Thus, the proportion re ce iv in g 3 w eek s ' pay or m ore
a fter 5 ye a rs includes those who r e c e iv e 3 w eek s' pay or m o re a fte r fe w e r y e a rs of s e r v ic e .
6 L e s s than 0.5 percent.

of




14

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivis ion s em ployed in establish m ents provid in g
health, insurance, o r pension ben efits, 1 W aterloo, Iowa, N o vem b er 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

P L A N T W ORKERS

Type o f ben efit
All industries2

A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities

3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

99

88

94

62

88

95

67
67

100

W ork ers in establish m ents p rovid in g :
L ife in s u ra n c e ------------------------------------------A ccid en ta l death and d ism em b erm en t
in su rance-----------------------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance o r
sick le a v e o r b o th 5----------------------------------

62

56

87

91

96

Sickness and accident in su rance__________
Sick lea ve (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d )-----------------------------------Sick lea ve (p a rtia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d )------------------------------------

46

55

31

86

96

32

21

6

68

4

(6)

29

28

35

19

3

1

32

H o sp ita liza tio n in su ran ce--------------------------S u rgica l in su ran ce------------------------------------M ed ica l in s u ra n c e ------------------------------------Catastrophe in su ra n ce------------------------------R etirem en t pen sion -----------------------------------No health, insurance, o r pension plan______

96
96
90
51
79

99
99
99
42
91

92
92
55
50
56

98
98
95
16

99
99
98
7
89

100
100
73

83

73

67

1 Includes those plans fo r which at le a s t a p a rt o f the co st is borne by the em p loy er, except those le g a lly requ ired , such as w ork m en 's com pensation, so c ia l secu rity, and ra ilro a d re tirem e n t.
2 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; finance, insurance, and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown sep ara tely.
3 Tran sportation , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s.
4 Includes data fo r w ho lesa le trade, r e ta il tra de, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown sep ara te ly.
5 Unduplicated tota l o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g sick le a v e o r sickness and accident insurance shown sep ara te ly below .
Sick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to those which d efin itely establish at lea st
the m inim um num ber o f d a ys' pay that can be expected by each em p loyee. In fo rm a l sick lea ve allow an ces d eterm in ed on an in dividu al ba sis a re excluded.
6 L e s s than 0. 5 percen t.




15

T ab le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y fo r m a l s ic k le a v e
p r o v is io n s , W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S
S ic k

le a v e

All industries1

A ll

w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________________

W o rk e rs
fo r m a l
W o rk e rs
fo r m a l

in

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

p a id
in

s ic k

s ic k

T y p e

U n ifo r m

p r o v id in g

a m ou n t

o f

p r o v id e d

100.0

100.0

100.0

4 9 .8

4 0 .6

8 7 .0

5 0 .2

5 9 .4

1 3 .0

p a id

1 2 .7

3 .1

------------------------

1 2 .7

3 .1

2 .9

F u ll

p e r i o d ______________________________________________

p a y 5 -------------------------------------------

6
10

d a y s _______________

W a it in g

G ra d u a te d
N o

p la n 4 —

w a itin g
F u ll

____________________________________

d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

p e r io d ,

fu ll

p a y ---------------------------------------------

A fte r

1 y e a r

o f

s e r v ic e :

p e r i o d -----------------------------------------------------------

p a y ------------------------

-------------------------------------------

5 d a y s _______________________________________________________

12

d a y s _____________________________________________________

40

d a y s ___________ __________ _______________________________

43

d a y s _____

F u ll

p a y

W a it in g

G ra d u a te d

p lu s

p e r io d ,

_____________________________________________
p a r t ia l
fu ll

p la n 4 — A ft e r

p a y ____________________________

p a y -------------------------------------------

10

y e a rs

o f

.6
8.1

.6

6 .3
-

8.6
8.0

6 1 .8

3 8 .2

.7

-

-

-

-

-

.5

-

2 .4

-

1 .5

-

2 9 .4

1 .4

-

2 6 .6

-

-

-

.9

_

2 .5

-

3 4 .9

1 8 .9

.1
2.6

5 5 .9

5 .0

-

5 .9

-

2 9 .4

2.8
-

-

3 2 .4

s e r v ic e :
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

-

2 .4

-

d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------

2 5 .2

65

d a y s _______________________________________________

70

d a y s _______________________________________________
p a r tia l

-

3 7 .0

-

2 8 .4

-

.2
.2
.2

3 1 .1

2 .4

1.8
.6

1.2
1.2
.2
.2

3 7 .0

3 .2

p lu s

0 .7

9 9 .3

-

3 3 .2

p a y

100.0

2 .5

3 7 .1

65

100.0

Public utilities 2

2 .5

3 .2

d a y s _______________________________________________

F u ll

6.6
9 3 .4

.4

"

p e r i o d ________________________________________

10
20

3 1 .1

-

p a y ------------------------------------------------------------------------

w a itin g
F u ll

3 1 .1

2 4 .8

1 .4

1 8 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------

N o

100.0

Manufacturing

s ic k

p la n : 4

w a itin g

All industries 3

a n n u a lly

5 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

N o

Public utilities1
2

no

l e a v e ----------------------------------------------------

and

le a v e

Manufacturing

p r o v id in g

l e a v e ________________________________________

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

p a id

P L A N T W ORKERS

p r o v is io n

p a y 5 -------------------------------

d a y s _______________________________________________

.6
1.8
2.6
3 .9

3 4 .9

-

1 .5

-

6 1 .8

3 7 .0
3 1 .1

1 .4

-

2 6 .6

-

-

-

.1

2 9 .4

-

2.8

-

-

-

1 8 .9

3 .5

-

3 2 .4

"

1 8 .9

2 .5

~

3 2 .4

3 1 .1

2.0

.5

2 6 .6

2 .5

5 .9

-

-

P r o v is io n s fo r accum ulation
W o rk e rs

in

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

p r o v is io n s

unused

s ic k

fo r

h a v in g

a c c u m u la tio n

o f

l e a v e ________________________________________________

8 .3

1 Includes data fo r w h olesa le trade; r e ta il trade; fin ance, insu rance, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sep ara tely.
2 Tran sportation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
3 Includes data fo r w ho lesa le trade, re ta il tra d e, re a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry division s shown sep ara tely.
4 "U n ifo rm plans" a re defined as those fo rm a l plans under which an em p loyee, a fter 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e , is entitled to the sam e number of days' paid sick lea ve each ye a r.
"G raduated plans"
a re defined as those fo rm a l plans under which an e m p lo y ee's lea ve v a rie s accordin g to length of s e r v ic e .
P erio d s o f s e r v ic e w ere a r b it r a r ily chosen.
E stim ates r e fle c t p rovision s applicable
at the stated length of s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p rovision s fo r p ro g ress io n .
Thus, the proportion re c e iv in g 15 days' sick lea ve a fte r 10 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e m ay also re c e iv e this amount a fter
g re a te r o r le s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
5 May include p rovis ion s other than those presented sep ara tely. Num bers o f days shown under "F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay" a re days fo r which w o rk ers r e c e iv e sick lea ve at fu ll pay; w ork ers
a re entitled to additional days o f sick lea ve at p a rtia l pay.




16

T able B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g p r o fit - s h a r in g p la n s,
b y ty p e o f p la n , W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1964)

O FF IC E W O R K ER S

P LA N T W ORKERS

T y p e o f plan
All industries1
2

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p r o fit - s h a r in g p la n s ----- ------------------

100

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities34

10 0

All industries 4

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

3

------------

1
2

8

6

6

4

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r c u r r e n t d is t r ib u t io n ____

( 5)

-

-

1

-

-

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r d e f e r r e d d is t r ib u t io n __ «.

10

8

6

5

4

3

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r both c u r r e n t and
d e f e r r e d d i s t r i b u t i o n ----------------------------------

-

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r e m p lo y e e 's c h o ic e o f
m e th o d o f d is t r ib u t io n _________________________

-

"

-

-

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no
p r o fit - s h a r in g p la n s -----------------------------------------

88

92

94

94

-

96

97

1 T h e stu d y w a s lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s (1 ) h a v in g e s ta b lis h e d fo r m u la s f o r the a llo c a t io n o f p r o fit s h a r e s a m o n g e m p lo y e e s ; (2 ) w h o s e fo r m u la s w e r e c o m m u n ic a te d to the e m p lo y e e s in
a d v a n c e o f the d e t e r m in a t io n o f p r o fit s ; (3 ) th at r e p r e s e n t a c o m m itm e n t b y the c o m p a n y to m a k e p e r io d ic c o n tr ib u tio n s b a s e d on p r o fit s ; and (4 ) in w h ic h e l i g i b i l i t y e x te n d s to a m a jo r it y o f the
o f f i c e o r p la n t w o r k e r s .
2 In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

17




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau1s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary woikers.
O FFIC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entrv of necessarv extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
19

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A. In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woiker’ s name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

21

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as
in legal briefs or reportson scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine woik.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. (•’Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e . g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for c alls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e .g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

22

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this workers time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing wodc. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRMNG-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m a chine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A. Performs one or more of the following; Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following; Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

23

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN—Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electricians handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

25

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Woik involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumbers snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

26

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVE ME NT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following;
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

27

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. W
orik requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (lVz to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on sa la rie s for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job an aly sts, directors of
personnel, managers of office serv ices, and clerical employees.
Order a s B L S Bulletin 1422, National Survey of P rofessional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964 . 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s i s p r e s e n t e d b elow . A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g d a te s o f e a r l i e r s t u d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s i s
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d fro m the Su p erin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts, U. S . G o v ern m e n t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ash in gton , D. C . , 20402,
o r fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f ic e s show n on the in sid e fro n t c o v e r .
A rea

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r ic e

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1______________________ _______
Albany-Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y. , Mar. 1964 1
_________
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1964 1__________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1964 1
N.
__
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1964 1_____________________________
Baltimore, Md. , Nov. 1963__________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex., May 1964 1
_____________
Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 1964 1
_______________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1
_________________________
Boston, Mass., Oct. 1964 1
___________________________

1 3 8 5 -8 0 ,
1 3 8 5 -5 2 ,
1 3 8 5 -6 1 ,
1 3 8 5 -5 3 ,
1 3 8 5 -7 3 ,
1 3 8 5 -2 4 ,
1 3 8 5 -7 0 ,
1 3 8 5 -6 3 ,
1 4 3 0 -1 ,
1 430-16,

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30

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B u ffa lo , N. Y. , D e c . 1963________________________________
B u r lin g to n , V t. , M a r . 1 9 6 4 ______________________________
C an ton , O h io, A p r. 1964 1_______________________________
C h a r le s t o n , W. V a . , A p r. 1964 1
________________________
C h a r lo tte , N . C . , A p r. 1964 1____________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T en n . - G a . , S e p t. 1964 1____________________
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r. 1964 1_______________________________
C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y. , M a r . 1964 1______________________
K
C le v e la n d , O hio, S e p t. 1964 1___________________________ _
C o lu m b u s, O h io, O ct. 1964 1 _____________________________

1 3 8 5 -3 3 ,
1 3 8 5 -4 7 ,
1 3 8 5 -6 4 ,
1 3 8 5 -5 7 ,
1 3 8 5 -5 5 ,
14 3 0 -1 0 ,
1 3 8 5 -6 6 ,
1 3 8 5 -5 8 ,
14 3 0 -1 3 ,
1 4 3 0 -1 8 ,

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30

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D a l l a s , T e x . , N ov. 1 9 6 3 ______________
D av e n p o rt— o c k Isla n d — o lin e , Io w a R
M
Ill. , O ct. 1964 1______________________
D ay ton , O h io, J a n . 1964 1_____________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D ec. 1963 1___________
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1964 1_______
D e tr o it, M ich . , J a n . 1 9 6 4 ____________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , N ov. 1963_________
G re e n B a y , W is. , Aug. 1964 1________
G r e e n v ille , S . C . , M ay 1964 1_________
H o u ston , T e x . , Ju n e 1964 1___________

1 3 8 5 -1 5 , 25 c e n ts
1 4 3 0 -2 0 ,
1 3 8 5 -4 0 ,
1 3 8 5 -3 4 ,
1 3 8 5 -4 4 ,
1 3 8 5 -4 3 ,
1 3 8 5 -1 9 ,
1 4 3 0 -3 ,
1 3 8 5 -6 8 ,
1 3 8 5 -8 1 ,

Indianapolis, Ind. , Dec. 1963 1_______________________ 1385-30,
Jackson, Miss., Feb. 19641_________________________ 1385-41,
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 1964________________________ 1385-32,
_________________ 1385-26,
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans. , Nov. 1963 1
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H. , June 19641_____ 1385-76,
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , Aug.1964 1_______ 1430-7,
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., Mar. 1964 1
_________ 1385-59,
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind. , Feb. 1964_____________________ - 1385-50,
___________________________ 1385-75,
Lubbock, Tex., June 1964 1
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1964 1_______________________ 1430-4,
Memphis, Tenn. , Jan. 1964 1_________________________ 1385-35,

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




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20
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25

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25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25cents
25 cents

A rea

Miami, Fla., Dec. 1963 1____________________________
Milwaukee, Wis. , Apr. 1964_________________________
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , Jan. 1964______________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 19641______
Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , Feb. 1964 1__________
_______________________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1964 1
New Orleans, La., Feb. 1964________________________
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1964 1________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1964___________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1964 1
____________________
Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 1964______________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J. , May 1964 1
__________
Philadelphia, Pa.-N. J. , Nov. 1963 1_________________
Phoenix, Ariz. , Mar. 1964 1_________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa. , Jan. 1964___________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964____________________—
____
Portland, Or eg. — ash. , May 1964 1____ ____ ____ __„
W
_
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I.—
Mass. , May 1964_______
Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1964____________________________
Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1964___________________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r ic e

1385-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1385-37,
1385-42,
1385-72,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
40 cents

1385-77,
1430-5,
1430-17,
1385-62,
1385-31,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

20 cents
25cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20cents
2 cents
,5

______________________________
R o c k fo r d , 111., A p r. 1 9 6 4 1
S t. L o u i s , M o. —
111. , O ct. 1964 1_________________________
S a lt L a k e C ity , U tah , D ec. 1 9 6 3 _________________________
S a n A n ton io, T e x . , Ju n e 1964____________________________
S a n B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e — n ta r io , C a lif . ,
R
O
S e p t. 1964_______________________________________________S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1964 1__________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , Ja n . 1964 1_____________
O
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M ay 1964
_____________________________ „
S c r a n to n , P a . , Aug. 1964_________________________________
S e a t t le , W ash. , S e p t. 1964______________________________

1 3 8 5 -6 0 ,
14 3 0 -2 2 ,
1 3 8 5 -2 8 ,
1 3 8 5 -7 4 ,

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30 c e n ts
20 c e n ts
20 c e n ts

14 3 0 -8 ,
14 3 0 -1 2 ,
1 3 8 5 -3 6 ,
1 3 8 5 -6 9 ,
1 4 3 0 -2 ,
1 4 3 0 -9 ,

20 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
20 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

Sioux Falls, S. Dak. , Oct. 1964______________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1964 1________________________
Spokane, Wash. , May 1964___________________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964_____________________________
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1963____________________________
Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. , Oct. 1964 1_____________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1964 1______________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1964 1 _________________________
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 1964 1_________________________
Worcester, Mass., June 1964 1
____________—
__________
York, Pa. , Feb. 1964 1______________________________

1430 -1 5 ,
1 3 8 5 -5 1 ,
1 3 8 5 -7 8 ,
1 3 8 5 -4 6 ,
1 3 8 5 -2 7 ,
14 3 0 -1 4 ,
1 3 8 5 -4 8 ,
1 4 3 0 -2 3 ,
14 3 0 -1 1 ,
1 3 8 5 -7 9 ,
1 3 8 5 -4 5 ,

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102