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Bulletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 3 5




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TISTICS
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
TRENTON, NEW JERSEY




DECEMBER 1 9 6 4

Bulletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 3 5
March 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
Th e Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics p ro g ra m o f annual
occupational w age su rveys in m etro p o lita n areas is d e ­
signed to p ro v id e data on occupational ea rn in gs, and e sta b ­
lishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro v is io n s . It
yie ld s d eta iled data by s e le c te d industry d iv is io n s fo r each
o f the areas studied, fo r econ om ic re g io n s , and fo r the
U nited States. A m a jo r co n sid era tion in the p ro g ra m is
the need fo r g r e a te r insight into (1) the m ovem en t o f w a ges
by occupational c a te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s tru c ­
tu re and le v e l o f w ages among areas and industry d ivisio n s.

Introduction_____________________________________________________________________
W age trends fo r s e lected occupational grou p s______________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

At the end o f each s u rvey , an in dividu al a re a b u l­
letin p resen ts su rvey resu lts fo r eacji a re a studied. A fte r
com p letion o f a ll o f the individu al a re a bulletins fo r a
round o f su rv e y s , a tw o -p a rt su m m ary bu lletin is issued.
The fir s t p a rt b rin gs data fo r each o f the m etro p o lita n
areas studied into one bu lletin. The second p art p resen ts
in form a tion w hich has been p ro je c te d fro m individu al m e t­
rop olitan a re a data to r e la te to econ om ic reg io n s and the
United States.

A.




E stablish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f su rvey and
num ber stu d ied _______________________________________________________
Indexes of standard w e e k ly s a la rie s and s tra ig h t-tim e hourly
earnings fo r s e le c te d occupational grou ps, and p ercen ts o f
in c re a s e fo r se le c te d p e r io d s _______________________________________

3

3

O ccupational e a rn in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e occupations— en and w om en __________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations— en and w o m e n _
m
_
A - 3. O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ica l occupations—
m en and w om en co m b in ed ___________________________________
A -4 .
M aintenance and pow erplan t occupations____________________
A -5 .
C u stodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t o ccu p a tio n s_____________

7
8
9

E stablish m en t p ra c tic e s and su pplem en tary w age p ro v is io n s :*
B -l.
M inim um entrance s a la rie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ___
B -2 .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls ______________________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled w e e k ly h o u rs _______________________________________
B -4.
P a id h o lid a ys___________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s __________________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth, insu ran ce, and pension plan s_______________________
B -7 .
P a id sick l e a v e _________________________________________________
B -8 .
P r o fit- s h a r in g p la n s __________________________________________

11
12
13
14
15
17
18
19

Appendixes:
A . Changes in occupational d e s c rip tio n s ________________________________
B. Occupational d e s c rip tio n s _____________________________________________

21
23

B.

E igh ty-tw o a rea s c u rre n tly a re included in the
p ro g ra m . In form ation on occupational earn in gs is c o lle c te d
annually in each a rea . In form ation on estab lish m en t p r a c ­
tic e s and su pplem entary w age p ro v is io n s is obtained b ie n ­
n ia lly in m ost o f the a rea s.
T h is b u lletin p resen ts resu lts o f the su rvey in
T ren to n , N. J. , in D ecem b er 1964. It w as p re p a re d in the
B u reau 's re g io n a l o ffic e in New Y o rk , N. Y. , by G e ra ld P .
Iannuzzi, under the d ire c tio n o f H arold A. B a rle tta . The
study w as under the g e n e ra l d ire c tio n o f F r e d e r ic k W.
M u e lle r , A ssista n t R eg io n a l D ir e c to r fo r W ages and Indus­
t r ia l R elation s.

1
4

a rea s.

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations are a v a ila b le
(See in side back c o v e r .)

fo r

other

Union sca le s , in d ica tive o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls in
the T ren to n a re a , a re also a v a ila b le fo r building con stru c­
tion, p rin tin g,
lo c a l-tr a n s it op eratin g em p lo y e e s , and
m otortru ck d r iv e r s and h elp ers.

iii

5
6




Occupational Wage Survey—Trenton, N.J.
Introduction
T h is a re a is 1 o f 82 in which the U. S. D epartm ent o f L a b o r s
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts su rveys o f occupational earnings
and re la te d w age ben efits on an a rea w id e b a s is .
In this a re a , data
w e r e obtained by p erson a l v is its o f Bureau fie ld econ om ists to r e p ­
re s en ta tive establishm ents w ithin s ix broad industry d ivisio n s: Manu­
factu rin g; tran sp ortation , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s ;
w h o lesa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in du stry groups excluded fr o m these studies a re
govern m en t op eration s and the constru ction and e x tra c tiv e in d u stries.
E stablishm ents having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs a re
om itted because they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the
occupations studied to w a rra n t in clu sion .
Separate tabulations a re
pro vid ed fo r each o f the broad indu stry d iv is io n s which m eet pub­
lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

schedules (rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf hour) fo r which s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a r e paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly earnings fo r th ese occupations have
been rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r.
Th e a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e fle c t com p osite, a rea w id e estim a tes.
In d u stries and establish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffing and,
thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim a tes fo r each job .
The pay
relation sh ip obtainable fr o m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t a ccu ra tely
the w age spread o r d iffe re n tia l m aintained amon*g jobs in individual
establish m en ts. S im ila r ly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r men
and w om en in any o f the s e le c te d occupations should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay trea tm en t o f the sexes w ithin individu al e s ­
tablish m en ts. O ther p o ssib le fa c to rs which m ay contribute to d iffe r ­
ences in pay fo r men and w om en include: D iffe re n c e s in p ro g re s s io n
w ithin estab lish ed rate ra n ges, since only the actual rates paid in ­
cumbents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d ,
although the w o rk e rs a re a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin the sam e
su rvey job d escrip tio n . Job d escrip tio n s used in c la s s ify in g em p loyees
in these su rveys a re usually m o re g e n e ra liz e d than those used in
individual establishm ents and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe re n c e s among e s ­
tablishm ents in the s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .

T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple b asis because of
the u n n ecessary cost in v o lv e d in su rveyin g a ll estab lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um cost, a g r e a te r p rop ortion of
la r g e than o f sm all establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w ever, a ll establishm ents a re given th e ir a p p rop ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim ates based on the establish m en ts studied a re p resen ted , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll establishm ents in the industry grouping and a rea ,
except fo r those b elow the m inim um s iz e studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes re p re s e n t the total in a ll
establishm ents w ithin the scope o f the study and not the num ber actu ally
su rveyed . B ecause o f d iffe re n c e s in occupational stru ctu re among e s ­
tablish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained fro m
the sam ple of establishm ents studied s e rv e only to in dicate the r e la tiv e
im p ortan ce o f the job s studied.
T h ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational
stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the accu ra cy o f the earnings data.

Occupations and E arnings
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a rie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re o f the
follow in g types:
(1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) cu stodial and m a te ria l m o v e ­
m ent.
Occupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set o f job
d escrip tion s design ed to take account o f in te r establish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties w ithin the sam e job .
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study
a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
E arn in gs data fo r som e of
the occupations lis te d and d e s c rib e d a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r ie s
tables because eith er (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to p ro vid e enough data to m e r it presen tation , o r (2) th ere is p o s s i­
b ility o f d is c lo s u re o f individu al establish m en t data.

E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v is io n s
In form a tion is p resen ted (in the B - s e r ie s tab les) on s e lected
establishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro visio n s as they
re la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tra tiv e , execu tive, and
p ro fe s s io n a l em p lo y ees, and fo rc e -a c c o u n t construction w o rk ers who
a re u tiliz e d as a separate w o rk fo r c e a re excluded. ’’O ffic e w o r k e r s "
include w orking s u p e rv is o rs and n on su p ervisory w o rk e rs p e rfo rm in g
c le r ic a l o r re la te d functions.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " include w orking fo r e ­
men and a ll n on su p ervisory w o rk e rs (including leadm en and tra in ees)
engaged in n on office functions. C a fe te ria w o rk e rs and routem en a re
excluded in m anufacturing in d u stries, but included in nonm anufactur­
ing in d u stries.

Occupational em ploym ent and earnings data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w eek ly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s ific a tio n .
E arnings data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h olid ays, and
late sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses a re excluded, but c o s t-o f-liv in g
bonuses and in cen tive earnings a re included. W h ere w eek ly hours a re
rep o rted , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, re fe r e n c e is to the w o rk




M inim um entrance s a la rie s (tab le B - l ) re la te only to the e s ­
tablishm ents v is ite d . Th ey a re p resen ted in te rm s o f establishm ents
with fo rm a l m inim um entrance s a la ry p o lic ie s .

1

2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (ta b le B -2 ) a re lim ite d to plant w o rk e rs
in m anufacturing in d u stries.
This in fo rm a tio n is p resen ted both in
term s of ( l ) establish m en t p o licy , 1 p resen ted in te rm s o f to ta l plant
w o rk e r em ploym ent, and (2) e ffe c tiv e p ra c tic e , p resen ted in te rm s o f
w o rk e rs actu ally em ployed on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In establish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe re n tia ls , the amount
applying to a m a jo r ity was used or, i f no amount applied to a m a jo rity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n " o th e r " was used. In establishm ents in which som e
la te -s h ift hours a re paid at n o rm a l ra tes, a d iffe r e n tia l was re c o rd e d
only i f it applied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift hours.
The scheduled w eek ly hours (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r ity o f the
fir s t - s h ift w o rk e rs in an establish m en t a re tabulated as applying to
a ll of the plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs o f that establish m en t. P a id h o lid a ys;
paid va ca tio n s; health, insurance, and pension plans; and p r o fit-s h a rin g
plans (ta b les B -4 through B -8 ) a re tre a te d s ta tis tic a lly on the basis
that these a re applicab le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs i f a m a jo r ity
o f such w o rk e rs a re e lig ib le o r m ay even tu ally qu a lify fo r the p r a c ­
tic e s lis te d . Sums o f in dividu al item s in tab les B -2 through B -8 m ay
not equal totals because o f rounding.
D ata on paid holidays (tab le B -4 ) a re lim ite d to data on
holidays granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e . , (1) a re p ro vid ed
fo r in w ritte n fo rm , o r (2) have been estab lish ed by custom . H olidays
o rd in a rily granted a r e included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
workday, even i f the w o rk e r is not granted another day o ff. The f ir s t
p a rt o f the paid h olidays table p resen ts the num ber o f w hole and h a lf
h olidays actu ally granted. The second p a rt com bines w hole and h a lf
holidays to show to ta l h oliday tim e .
The sum m ary o f va ca tion plans (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o lic ie s , excluding in fo rm a l arra n gem en ts w h ereb y tim e o ff
with pay is granted at the d is c re tio n o f the e m p lo y e r.
S eparate
estim a tes a re p ro vid ed a ccord in g to e m p lo y e r p ra c tic e in com puting
va ca tion paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, p e rcen t o f annual earn in gs,
o r fla t-s u m amounts.
H o w ever, in the tabulations o f vacation pay,
paym ents not on a tim e b asis w e re co n verted to a tim e b a s is ; fo r
exam ple, a paym ent o f 2 p e rcen t o f annual earnings was co n sid ered
as the equ ivalen t of 1 w e e k 's pay.

com pany and those p ro vid ed through a union fund o r paid d ir e c tly by
the e m p lo y e r out o f cu rren t op eratin g funds o r fro m a fund set aside
fo r this pu rpose.
D eath ben efits a re included as a fo rm o f life
insurance.
Sickness and acciden t insurance is lim ite d to that type o f
insurance under which p red eterm in ed cash paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the in su red on a w eek ly o r m onthly b a sis du ring illn e s s o r acciden t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p resen ted fo r a ll such plans to which the
e m p lo y e r con tribu tes. H o w ever, in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e rs e y , which
have enacted te m p o ra ry d is a b ility insu rance law s which re q u ire e m ­
p lo y e r contribu tions, 2 plans a re included only i f the e m p lo y e r ( l ) co n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly req u ired , o r (2) p ro v id e s the em p loyee
w ith b en efits which exceed the req u irem en ts o f the law . Tabulations
o f paid sick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 3 which p ro v id e
fu ll pay o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay during absence fro m w ork
because o f illn e s s .
Separate tabulations a re p resen ted a ccord in g to
(1) plans w hich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p erio d , and (2) plans
which p ro v id e e ith er p a rtia l pay o r a w aitin g p erio d .
In addition
to the p resen ta tion o f the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs who a re p ro vid ed
sickn ess and acciden t insurance o r paid sick le a v e , an unduplicated
to ta l is shown o f w o rk e rs who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both types o f b en efits.
C atastroph e insurance, so m etim es r e fe r r e d to as extended
m e d ic a l insu rance, includes those plans which a re design ed to p ro te c t
em p loyees in case o f sickness and in ju ry in vo lvin g expenses beyond
the n o rm a l c o v e ra g e o f h osp italization , m ed ica l, and s u rg ic a l plans.
M e d ic a l in su ran ce r e fe r s to plans p ro vid in g fo r com p lete o r p a rtia l
paym ent o f d o c to r s 1 fe e s .
Such plans m ay be u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ran ce com panies o r n on profit o rga n iza tio n s o r they m ay
be s e lf-in s u re d . Tabulations o f r e tire m e n t pension plans a re lim ite d
to those plans that p ro v id e m onthly paym ents fo r the rem a in d er o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

D ata a re p resen ted fo r a ll health, insu rance, and pension
plans (ta b les B -6 and B -7 ) fo r which at le a s t a p a rt o f the cost is
borne by the e m p lo y e r, exceptin g only le g a l req u irem en ts such as
w o rk m en 's com pensation, s o c ia l secu rity, and r a ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
Such plans include those u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e rc ia l insurance

P r o fit- s h a r in g plans (ta b le B -8 ) a re lim ite d to fo r m a l plans
w ith d e fin ite fo rm u la s fo r com puting p r o fit sh ares to be distrib u ted
am ong em p lo yees and w hose form u la s w e re com m unicated to e m ­
p lo y e e s in advance o f the d eterm in a tio n o f p ro fits . D ata are p resen ted
a cco rd in g to p ro v is io n s fo r d istrib u tin g p r o fit shares to e m p lo y e e s ;
( l ) C u rren t o r cash d istrib u tio n o f p r o fit sh ares w ithin a short p erio d
a fte r d eterm in a tio n o f p r o fits ; (2) d e fe r r e d d istrib u tio n o f p r o fit shares
a fte r a s p e c ifie d num ber o f y e a r s o r at re tire m e n t; (3) com bination
cu rren t and d e fe r r e d plans; and (4) e le c tiv e d istrib u tion plans, under
w hich each p a rticip a n t is req u ired to s e le c t w hether to take his share
o f the cu rren t y e a r 's p r o fit in cash, have it d e fe rre d , o r p a rt in cash
and p a rt d e fe r r e d .

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

Table 1.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Trenton, N .J . , 1 by m ajor industry divisio n ,2 Decem ber 1964
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions__

__ ___

______

______

__

___

Within
scope of
study 3

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

Office

Plant

T otal4

187

85

48,100

8, 100

31,000

33,570

50
-

107
80

49
36

35,000
13,100

5,400
2,700

23,300
7,700

25,600
7,970

50
50
50
50
50

9
8
32
10
21

8
4
10
5
9

3,500
500
4,400
2,200
2,500

_______

Manufacturing__________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing_____________________________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilitie s5____________________________________
W holesale trade ____________ _ ______ ________ ______
Retail trade— _________________ ________________________ ___
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate— __ —
S e r v i c e s ------------------------------- -----------------------------------------

Number of establishments

700
(6)
( 6)
()
( 6)

2,000
(6)
(6)
( 7)
(6)

3,400
260
1,680
1,340
1,290

1 The Trenton Standard Metropolitan Statistical A re a consists of M e rc e r County. The "w ork ers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description
of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area
to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all
establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto rep air service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, profession al, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w e re excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for " a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S eries A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response w as insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the rea l estate portion only in
estimates for " a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile rep air shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.




Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Trenton, N.J.,
Decem ber 1964 and Decem ber 1963, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(D ecem ber 1960=100)

Percents of increase
Decem ber 1962
to
D ecem ber 1963

Decem ber 1961
to
Decem ber 1962

Decem ber 1960
to
Decem ber 1961

Decem ber 1964

Decem ber 1963

D ecem ber 1963
to
D ecem ber 1964

A ll industries:
Office c le ric a l (men and w om en )------Industrial nurses (men and women) —
Skilled maintenance (m en)-----------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-------------------------

109.9
119.4
110.6
112.7

106.6
118.3
107.5
110.8

3.1
.9
2.9
1.7

1.6
4.4
1.9
4.3

2.2
5.2
2.3
4.2

2.6
7.8
3.1
2.0

Manufacturing:
Office c le ric a l (men and w om en )------Industrial nurses (men and women) —
Skilled maintenance (men) ----------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-------------------------

106.9
119.9
110.1
113.2

105.4
118.8
107.1
110.5

1.4
.9
2.8
2.4

.8
4.9
2.2
3.8

2.3
5.1
2.1
3.7

2.2
7.7
2.6
2.6

Industry and occupational group

4
W age Trends for Selected O ccupational Groups
P re s e n te d in table 2 a re in dexes and p e rcen ta g es o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u rses,
and in a v e ra g e earn in gs o f s e le c te d plant w o r k e r grou ps.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u rs e s , the p e r ­
centages o f change r e la te to a v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o rm a l hours
o f w o rk , that is , the standard w o rk schedule fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re paid.
F o r plant w o r k e r grou p s, they m ea su re changes
in a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in g s, exclu ding p rem iu m pay fo r
o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a ys, and la te sh ifts.
The
p ercen ta g es a re based on data fo r s e le c te d k ey occupations and in ­
clude m ost o f the n u m e ric a lly im p ortan t job s w ith in each group.
The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g
19 jobs: B ookkeep in g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s , cla s s B; c le r k s , accounting,
cla ss A and B; c le r k s , f il e , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s ,
p a y ro ll; C o m p tom eter o p e ra to rs ; keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten o g ra p h ers, g e n e ra l; s te n o g ra ­
p h e rs , sen io r; sw itch board o p e ra to rs ; tab u latin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs ,
cla ss B; and ty p is ts , cla s s A and B. The in d u stria l nurse data a re
based on m en and w om en in d u stria l n u rses.
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m aintenance job s and 2 u n sk illed job s a r e included in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k illed — ca rp e n te rs ; e le c tr ic ia n s ; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech a n ics, au tom otive; p a in ters; p ip e fitte r s ; and to o l and
die m a k ers; u n sk illed — ja n ito r s , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la rie s o r a v e ra g e h ou rly earn in gs w e r e
com puted fo r each o f the s e le c te d occupations. The a v e ra g e s a la rie s
or h ou rly earn in gs w e r e then m u ltip lied by em p loym en t in each of
the job s during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961. T h e s e w eigh ted earnings




fo r in dividu al occupations w e r e then tota led to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
each occu pational group. F in a lly , the ra tio (e x p re s s e d as a p ercen ta g e)
o f the group a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the oth er
y e a r w as com puted and the d iffe r e n c e betw een the re s u lt and 100 is
the p ercen ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e rio d to the oth er.
The
indexes w e r e com puted by m u ltip lyin g the ra tio s fo r each group
a g g re g a te fo r each p e rio d a fte r the base y e a r (1961).
The in dexes and p ercen ta g es o f change m e a s u re , p rin c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts o f (1) g e n e ra l s a la ry and w age changes; (2) m e r it o r other
in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in divid u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e
job; and (3) changes in a v e ra g e w a g es due to changes in the la b o r fo r c e
resu ltin g fr o m la b o r tu rn o v e r, fo r c e expan sion s, fo r c e red u ction s,
and changes in the p rop o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s em p loyed by establish m en ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the la b or fo r c e can cause
in c re a s e s o r d e c re a s e s in the occu pation al a v e ra g e s without actual
w a ge changes.
F o r ex a m p le, a fo r c e expansion m igh t in c re a s e the
p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific occupation and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e re a s a redu ction in the p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ould have the op posite e ffe c t. S im ila r ly , the m ovem en t o f
a h igh -payin g estab lish m en t out o f an a re a could cause the a v e ra g e
earn in gs to d rop , even though no change in ra te s o c c u rre d in other
estab lish m en ts in the a re a .
The use of constant em p loym en t w eigh ts e lim in a tes the e ffe c t
of changes in the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s re p re s e n te d in each jo b in ­
cluded in the data.
The p ercen ta g es o f change r e fle c t only changes in
a v e ra g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y a re not influenced by
changes in standard w o rk schedules, as such, or by p rem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .

Data p resen ted in table 2 and a ll A - s e r ie s tables
include, w h ere ap p licab le, the re c e n tly n egotiated pay
in c re a s e fo r m ost nonoperating ra ilr o a d em p lo y e e s . T h ese
w o rk e rs w e re granted 9 cents an hour r e tr o a c tiv e to
January 1964.

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , T re n to n , N .J ., D e c e m b e r 1964)

W
eekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Number of workers r eceiving straight--time weekly earnings oft

weekly
hours1
(standard]

45
Mean2

M
edian 2

M
iddle range 2

$

S
50

$

$
55

60

$
65

%

70

%

75

$

%

80

85

90

05

$
100

%

105

$
$
$
$
$
110
115
120
125
130

$

t

135

and
under

140
and

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

-

-

-

“

-

1
l

3
3

6
6

5
5

R
?

5
6

5
5

-

_

-

-

4
4

-

2
2

1
1

1
l

3
3

8
3

115

120

125

130

135

140

over

5
5

6
6

5
5

9
9

8
8

2
2

5
5

1
1

3
3

-

2
1

3
2

5
4

2
2

4

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

4
1

3
3

4
1

_

1

~

2
2

-

_

_

1
1

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

no

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING----------------------------

74
74

$
$
40.0 108.00 109.50
40.0 108.00 109.50

$
$
9 2 . 5 0 - 124.00
9 2 .5 0 - 124.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

33
26

39.0 104.00
98.00
39.0

105.00
99.00

9 1 .0 0 - 123.50
8 4 .0 0 - 120.50

O FFIC E BOYS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

49
43

39.0
39.0

61.50
60.00

59.00
58.00

5 4 .5 0 - 67.50
5 4 .0 0 - 63.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------

55
30
25

38.0
38.5
38.0

76.00
83.50
67.50

72.50
87.00
67.50

6 5 . 0 0 - 88.50
7 4 .5 0 - 97.00
6 4 . 0 0 - 71.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING----------------------------

86
64

39.0
39.5

95.00
94.50

93.50
94.00

8 7 . 5 0 - 101.00
8 7 . 5 0 - 99.50

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING----------------------------

255
151

38.0
39.5

75.00
79.50

72.50
75.50

66.007 0 .5 0 -

-

“
-

~
14
14

14
14

8
8

3
2

4
1

1

-

2
1

3
3

3
2
l

2
2
~

9
2
7

10
10

8

“

4
4

7
6
l

1
1

8
8

6

1
1
~

_

_

_

_

2

3
-

4
4

8
8

9
8

24
16

14
14

8
6

5
5

12
12

_

-

-

WOMEN

80.00
87.00

_

~
3

2

10
2

44
21

41
12

62
39

33
20

20
15

13
13

•

_

10
10

_

CLASS A --------------------

28

39.0

65.00

65.00

6 2 .0 0 - 68.50

-

3

-

12

10

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

38
28

39.0
39.0

65.00
63.00

63.00
62.00

5 6 .5 0 - 73.00
55 .0 0 - 69.00

_

9
6

6
4

6
6

2

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

1

2
~

2

“

7
7

~

CLERKS,

CLASS C --------------------

70

39.0

57.50

57.50

5 4 . 0 0 - 61.00

7

13

31

12

3

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------

29
29

39.5
39.5

73.00
73.00

71.00
71.00

6 1 .5 0 61.50-

79.00
79.00

_

6
6

_

5
5

3
3

4
4

6
6

_

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

-

1
1

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------

123
94
29

39.0
39.0
39.0

81.50
82.00
79.00

80. 50
81.00
77.50

7 1 .5 0 - 91.50
7 2 . 5 0 - 90.50
6 4 . 0 0 - 93.50

_

-

2
2

19
14
5

14
12
2

21
21

7
6
l

20
12

1
1
-

6
5
1

_

_

_

8

4
2
2

1

-

21
14
7

_

“

3
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

~

1

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING----------------------------

38
36

40.0
40.0

83.00
83.50

80.00
80.00

7 6 .0 0 7 5 . SO­

-

_

-

_

-

8

11
10

2
2

2

l

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

~

3
3

_

8

11
1.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

133
71
62

38.0
39.5
36.5

70.00
78.00
61.50

65.50
71.50
62.00

SO.50- 77.50
6 3 .5 0 - 95.50
55. 50 - 66.50

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

3
3

_

6

-

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R IE S -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------

590
463
127

39.0
39.5
38.5

99.50
101.50
92.50

100.00
102.00
91.50

86 .5 0 - 113.00
89 .0 0 - 114.00
8 1 . 0 0 - 110.50

13
11
2

11
10
1

6
6

13
13
-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------

210
142
68

39.0
39. C
38.0

76.00
79.00
71.00

75.00
76.50
70.50

6 7 .5 0 7 0 .5 0 61 .5 0 -

STENOGRAPHERS, S E N IO R -------------------MANUFACTURING--------------- ------------

113
93

39.5
39.5

86.50
88.00

84.00
85.00

7 8 . 5 0 - 92.50
8 0 .0 0 - 93.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B 3
-----NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------

57
34

39.0
38.5

71.50
61.00

72.00
58.00

56.004 8 .5 0 -

CLERKS,

FILE ,

FILE ,

See fo o tn o tes




at end of ta b le .

84.50
85.00

85.00
85.50
85.00

87.50
72.00

~

~
_

-

29
9
20

23
13
10

11
7
4

3
1
2

6
4
2

_

8

-

-

8

6
4
?

15
13
2

40
23
17

?.n

14
4
10

24
9
15

25
19
6

39
31
8

32
27
5

-

_

6
5

11
5

5
3

8
6

15
15

_

_

-

-

"

-

3
3

-

_

13
13

-

'

s

2

1

7

-

_

~

21
12
9

7
7

1
1

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

,

_

-

2
2

14
14

1
1

58
46
12

53
43
10

58
44
14

59
54
5

60
55
5

45
32
13

50
40
10

35
29
6

21
16
5

26
13
13

8

_

1
1
~

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

2
1
1

_

-

15
15
-

_

6
2

-

-

-

16
14

31
23

14
14

16
13

8
7

2
2

1
l

2
2

2
2

5
5

_

_

_

-

-

-

7

1

3

4

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

"

"

6
2

~

~

~

60
40

~

~

_

_

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , T re n to n , N .J ., D e c e m b e r 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

1

%

45
Median 2

$
55

50

$
60

I
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

85

$

i
90

$
95

$

100

$

110

115

$

I

120

$
125

i

130

$
135

140
and

50
WOMEN -

$

105

and
under

Middle range 1
2

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

~

1
“

3
~

8
4

8
8

10
8

11
to

11
9

9
7

4
4

5
5

6
6

5
5

l
1

1
1

9
9

-

12
6

24
11

26
13

11
7

11
10

10
10

16
6

3
3

2
2

36
21
15

42
18
24

34
26
9

40
33
7

21
18
3

18
16
2

8
7
1

1
1

14
14

120

4
4

3
3

130

135

over

1
1

115

125

140

1
1

110

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION ISTSMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

71
56

39.0
39.0

$
76.50
78.50

$
77.50
79.00

$
$
6 9 . 0 0 - 86.00
7 1 . 5 0 - 87.50

TRANSCR IBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

30
30

39.5
39.5

67.50
67.50

71.50
71.50

5 7 .0 0 - 81.00
5 7 .0 0 - 81.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

122
75

39. 0
40.0

79.00
82.00

75.00
80.50

6 9 .0 0 - 89.00
7 1 .0 0 - 90.00

~

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING'-----------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------

260
170
90

38.5
39.0
37.0

67.00
70.50
60.00

66.00
70.50
60.50

5 8 .0 0 - 75.00
6 1 . 5 0 - 79.00
5 4 . 0 0 - 65.00

~

-

_

-

-

_

45
16
29

_

8
8

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers.
The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive
more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w orkers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn
more than the higher rate.
3 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Trenton, N. J. , December 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S

t

80
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S

$

%

t

t

$
115

t

t

t

$
$
$
135
140
145

$
150

$

$

$

$

90

95

100

105

]L10

120

125

130

155

160

165

170

and
under
85

$

%

175

180

-

85

and

95

100

-

-

-

105

no

iL15

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

-

-

1
1

-

4
4

3
3

?
2

1
1

-

~

90

1
1

1
1

3
3

1
1

4
4

-

12
12

49
9

_
-

1
1

3
7

5
5

8
8

11
11

21
13

22
22

15
15

18
14

35
19

8
8

12
8

10
6

10
10

14
10

9
9

13
9

16
16

8
8

6
2

2
2

19
19

_

_

_

_

_

~

~

175

180 over

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A34
MANUFACTURING —

42
42

40.0
40.0

$
$
$
$
163.50 172.50 139.00-1 79 .50
163.50 172.50 139 .00 -17 9.5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B3MANUFACTURING —

190
154

40.0
40.0

152.00
150.00

154.50
151.00

142.00-1 64 .00
14 0.00-163.50

_

2
2

_

-

-

2
2

3
3

4
4

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C3MANUFAC TUR ING

119
107

40.0
40.0

120.50
120.00

122.00 10 9.5 0-134.00
121.50 108.00-133.00

4
4

3
3

4
4

5
5

?
2

14
14

-

-

_
'

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL I REG I STEREO I ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

41
39

Standard hours reflect the workweek for
For definition of terms, see footnote 2,
Description for this occupation has been
Workers were distributed as follows: 1




39.5 107.50 105.00
39.5 108.50 105.50

94 .00 -1 2 1 .0 0
9 5 . 00 -1 21 .50

3
3

9
7

9
9

7
7

1
1

2
2

3
3

2
2

~

5
5

which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
table A - l .
revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
at $ 180 to $ 185; 2 at $ 185 to $ 190; 1 at $ 195 to $ 200; 4 at $ 200 to $205; and 1 at $210 to $215.

-

_
~

7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , T re n to n , N .J ., D e c e m b e r 1964)

Occupation and industry divisb

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

38.5
38.5
38.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

160
138

39.5
39.5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------

288
177

38.0
39.5

28

39.0

65.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------

40
30

39.0
39.0

65.50
64.00

CLERKS,

70

39.0

Number
of
workers

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

FILE,

FILE,

CLASS A --------------------------

CLASS C -----------------

CLERKS, 0R0ER ---MANUFACTURING
CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------MANUFACTURING------NONMANUFACTURING KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING-------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

47
47

40.0
40.0

89.50
89.50

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

$
62.50
61.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

123
76

39.0
40.0

$
79.00
82.00

590
463
127

39.0
39.5
38.5

99.50
101.50
92.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

265
175
90

38.5
39.0
37.0

67.00
70.00
60.00

210
142
68

39.0
39. C
38.0

76.00
79.00
71.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

113
93

39.5
39.5

86.50
88.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B2--------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

57
34

39.0
38.5

71.50
61.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A1---------------------------------------2
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

43
43

40.0
40.0

164.00
164.00

SW ITCH80ARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING---------------------------------------------

71
56

39.0
39.0

76.50
78.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B2---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

191
155

40.0
40.0

152.00
150.00

27

39.5

119.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C2---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

119
107

40.0
40.0

120.50
120.00

39
29

39.5
39.5

94.50
95.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

41
39

39.5
39.5

107.50
108.50

30
30

39.5
39.5

67.50
67.50

133
103
30

39.0
39.5
39.0

38
36

40.0
40.0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
81.50
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------------------82.00
79.00 TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------------------83.00
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------83.50

133
71
62

38.0
39.5
36.5

70.00 TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------------------78.00
61.50
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




Number
of
workers

39.0
39.5

57.50

CLERKS,

Occupation and industry division

73
58

$
OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS---------------------------75.50
MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------81.50
67.50 SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------101.00
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------101.50
STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------------78.00
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------82.50
NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

60
35
25

Average

Average

Average
Number
of
workers

8
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , T re n to n , N .J ., D e c e m b e r 1964)

Number of worke rs receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly eamings 1
t

Occupation and industry divisio

Under
$

*

2.00

2.10 2.20 2.30

$

$

t

S

*

t

$

t

2.40 2.50 2.6C 2.70 2.80

$

$

7. 90 3 . 0 "

$

3 .1 0

3.20 3.3 0 3.4 0 3.50

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00

and

and

2 . 0 0 under
2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2,50 2.60 2 .7 0 2.80

$
2.90
2.90

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER MANUFACTURING----------------------

132
128

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING---------------------MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE — —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

265
248

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( MAINTENANCE ) -------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PURLIC UTI LI T IES 3------------

3.20
3.17

3.15
3. 12

2 . 8 0 - 3.64
2 . 7 9 - 3.62

3.02
2.98

2 . 7 8 - 3.35
2 . 7 5 - 3.07

2.52
2.54

2.49
2.49

2 . 4 0 - 2.62
2 . 4 1 - 2. 64

2.53
2.45

2 . 3 8 - 2.73
2 . 3 3 - 2.55

3.10
3.08

3.06
3.06

2.92
2.76
2.96
2.98

2.802.672.862.87-

7.70

3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60

2 . 8 2 - 3.24
2 . 8 2 - 3.23

3.03
2.97
3.07
3 .1 0

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------MANUFACTURING----------------------

2 . 6 4 - 3.28
2 . 6 3 - 3.35

2.50
2.41

209
199

2.77
2.77

3.11
3.0?

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING----------------------

2.90 3.00 3.10

$

1
1

278
276

2.90
2.89

3.02
3.02

14

1
4

37
37

11
1
111

3.34
3.34

3.61
3.6 1

2.44
2.44

2.45
2.45

2.312.31-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING---------------------

2.96
2.97

2.89
2.92

11
11

22

42
42

2
2

12
12

19

13
13

lq

1
1
16

10

10
32
32

16
16

3 . 1 4 - 3.66
3 . 1 4 - 3.66

O I L E R S --------------------------------------—
MANUFACTURING---------------------

15
14

11
11

2 . 7 1 - 3.07
2 . 7 1 - 3.07

MILLWRIGHTS-------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------

over

10
10

11

3.18
3.40
3.18
3.18

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE--------MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------

3.70 3.8 0 3.90 4.00

2 . 6 7 - 3.42
2 . 6 6 - 3.43

2.
2.79

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------

120
114

3.09
3.09

2.96
2.98

2.752.74-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS--------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

302
302

3.53
3.53

3.82
3.82

10

1
2
12

3 . 0 6 - 3.87
3 . 0 6 - 3.87

1
2
3
4

3.63
3.63

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers we re distributed as follows: 3 at $1.70 to $1.80; 4 at $1.80 to $1.90; and 1 at $1.90 to $2.




55
55

10
10
10

13
13

I1
II

38
38

40
40

2?
22

16

1
.6

15
15

138
138

22
22

16
16

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , T re n to n , N .J ., D e c e m b e r 1964)
Hourly earnings2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number of w orkers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2.10

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

6
~

1
~

15
9

-

-

-

9

$
2.24
2.37

$
2.31
2.41

$
$
1 .8 4 - 2.75
2 . 0 7 - 2.77

~

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

-

99

2.56

2.70

2.25-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

33

1.83

1.84

1 . 4 9 - 2.08

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND ClEANERS ----MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 4--------------------------

491
293
193
42

1.97
2.19
1.65
2.29

2.11
2.20
1.50
2.35

1 .5 8 2.071 .2 9 2.25-

2.31
2.38
2.00
2.39

_
~

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANFRS
( WOMENl ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---- -— - ------- ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

166
57
109

1.59
2,15
1.30

1.31
2*23
1.26

1 . 2 4 - 2.13
2. 12- 2. 29
1 .2 2 - 1.30

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI LI T IE S 4--------------------------

380
272
108
77

2.26
2.18
2.45
2.86

2.23
2.18
2.91
2.95

2.012.011.762.65-

-

-

6
4

10
10

4
4

9
9

13
l?

6
6

11
1’

17
17

-

“

25
25

-

~

-

-

-

-

4

6

12

6

4

17

-

-

25

-

-

-

4

10

-

3

-

-

7

5?
6n

21
20
1
1

15
13
2
2

37
33
4
4

_
-

-

~

53
?p
25
25

~

10
»0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

35
35

1
1
1

3
3

41

17
l
16
16

1
1

-

_
_

_
.

_

~

-

7

27
4
23
~

24
24
~

24
3
21
1

7
7
~

16

66
66

18
18

4
4
-

6
6
-

1
1
“

18
18

3
1
2

3
3
~

4
4

12
10
2

13
13

-

_

2?
17
5
3

_
-

11
9

1.90 2.00

26
17
9
4

22
15
7
1

36
25
11
1

77
68
4

1
1

8

2
2

in
10

22
22

2
2

-

5
5

25
25

l 7
17

70
70

30
30

28
28

22
22

91
91

2.47
2.47

2.46
2.46

2 . 4 2 - 2.54
2 . 4 2 - 2.54

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

138
128

2.35
2.36

2.44
2.44

2 . 2 0 - 2.56
2 . 2 1 - 2.55

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

50
43

2.43
2.49

2.45
2.47

2 . 2 7 - 2.64
2 . 3 9 - 2.66

-

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

63
63

2.36
2.36

2.43
2.43

2 . 1 8 - 2.48
2 . 1 8 - 2.48

_

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

63
58

2.46
2.45

2.36
2.35

2

_

2 . 1 5 - 2.84
2 . 1 4 - 2.83

TRUCK DRIVERS5 -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

334
126
208

2.82
2.50
3.02

2.84
2.55
3.30

2 . 4 8 - 3.32
2 . 3 7 - 2.75
2 . 8 4 - 3.35

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM 11-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS I ------------------MANUFACTURING------------------- ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

106
28
78

2.62
2.20
2.77

2.81
2.18
2.87

2 . 2 4 - 3.12
2 . 1 0 - 2.34
2 . 2 9 - 3.15

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE I -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

141
35

3.10
2.58

3.33
2.68

2 . 8 1 - 3.37
2 . 4 6 - 2.75

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE I -------------

45

2.67

2.74

2 . 6 8 - 2.79

“
_

_

_

-

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
2

1
1

_

-

2
-

-

_

-

~

5
5

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

2
2
~

-

-

-

2

_

_

_

_

21
2
19
19

-

"

-

_

_

_

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

_

~

1

4
4

1

4

~

~

~

_

-

41
41

_

_

3
3

11
11

22
22

6
6

14
14

u

/
,

38
38

24
18

18
18

5
5

-

6
1

7
7

3

15
15

2
2

8
8

5
5

2
2

_

6
6

30
30

_

5

3
3

_

_

_

4
4

_

5
4

8
8

4
3

6
5

_

ll
3
8

12
8
4

43
43
~

32
1
31

9
9

-

21

1
1

1
1

25

-

2
?

11
11

_

U
9

5
6

9

9
9

9
9

30
3
27

7
7
~

28
28
~

26
3
23

7

-

-

7

-

-

-

2

25

14
14

-

~
9

_

9

_

_

_

~

_

2

_

_

-

-

“

48
48

2

_

-

25
25

-

~

10
10

7
7
-

3.20 3. 30 over

4
4

11
11

-

-

3.10

1

“

-

-

2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00

8

x

ORDER
F I L L E R S ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------




2.40 2.50 2.60

~

l . 50 1.60

53
53
“

16

2. 10 ?.?0

c

-

155
132

See footnotes at end of table.

2.80

$
3.20 3. 30

o

1.40

n-

1.30

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN-----------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------- ------------------

2.61
2.38
2.98
2.99

S
$
S
S
$
S
%
$
$
2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.9 C 3.00 3.10

and

1.20

3.00

$
2.20

and
under

~
_

12
12
4

5

.
~
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_
-

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

-

-

1
1

_

_

~

~

_

_

1l

6 105

5
5

16

6

_

16

“

26

_

_

-

105

21

9

-

9

_

_
_

_

_

_

2

~

2

-

11

21

-

25

-

21

6 100

65

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Trenton, N.J., December 1964)1
6
5
4
3
2

1
2
3
4
5
6

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drive rs regardless of size and type of truck operated.
All workers were at $ 3. 30 to $ 3. 40.




11

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n of estab lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by m in im um entrance s a la r y fo r se le c te d c a te g o rie s
o f in e x p e rie n c e d w o m en o ffice w o r k e r s , T re n to n , N . J. , D e c e m b e r 1964)
I n e x p e r i e n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in i m u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

36

XXX

85

49

XXX

36

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ________________________________________________

85

49

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m __________________

32

27

23

5

1

38

27

22

11

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4
1
6
3
6
1
2
1
3
-

3
1
5
2
5
1
1
1
3
1

1
1
4
1
5
1
1
1
3
-

1
1
1
1
1

-

1
1
8
-

4
6
2
4
1
3
3
-

2
4
1
4
1
3

1
1
4
-

4
-

-

-

$45.
$47.
$50.
$52.
$55.
$57.
$60.
$62.
$65.
$67.
$70.
$72.
$75.
$77.
$80.
$82.
$8 5.
$87.

00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50

an d
an d
and
an d
an d
and
and
an d
an d
and
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 7 . 5 0 __________________________________________
$50. 00 __________________________________________
$52. 50
$55. 00 __________________________________________
$57. 50_________ ________________________________
$60. 00_____________ __________________________
____________________________________
$62. 50
$6 5. 00__________________________________________
$67. 50__________________________________________
$70. 00__________________________________________
$72. 50__________________________________________
$75. 00.................................................. ............
$77. 50__________________________________________
$80. 00__________________________________________
$82. 50__________________________________________
$85. 00__________________________________________
$ 8 7 . 5 0 __________________________________________
$90. 00__________________________________________

1
-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
3
6
1
3
3
-

_

-

3
_

2
1
2

_

1
_
1

-

-

-

_
_
_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1

3
1

3
1

-

-

3
1

-

-

3
1

-

"

3
1

-

-

20

8

XXX

12

XXX

20

9

XXX

11

XXX

33

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ________________

-

14

XXX

19

XXX

27

13

XXX

14

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s

T h e se s a la r ie s re la te to fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a re paid fo r
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e g ir l.
D ata a re p re se n te d fo r a ll stan d ard w o rk w e e k s com bin ed , and fo r the m ost com m on stan dard w o rk w e e k re p o rte d .




stan dard w o rk w e e k s.

12




T ab le B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
T r e n to n , N . J. , D e c e m b e r 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g plan t w o r k e r s —
In e sta b lis h m e n ts h avin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on—

Second shift
w o rk

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift w o r k

S econ d sh ift

87 . 6

81. 2

14. 4

5. 0

W ith shift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________________

87. 6

81. 2

14. 4

5. 0

U n ifo r m cents (p e r h o u r ) ______________________

46. 3

39. 4

9. 2

3. 2

5 c e n t s __________________________________________

20. 4
2. 3
5. 4

4. 1
. 4

-

6 c e n t s __________________________________________
7 c e n t s _______________________ . _________________
7 V2 c e n t s „ _________________ __ ____________
8 c e n t s ---------------- ---------------------------------------9 re n ts
10 c e n t s

_ _

1. 5
9. 5
. 8
4. 8

_
-

9. 3
1. 3

-

-

11. 5
5. 3
8. 3
. 8
. 8
2. 2

_ _______________

41. 3

34. 2

5 p e r c e n t _______________________________________

18. 5
1. 6

11
12
13
14
15

c e n ts _________________________________________
c en ts

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ________

1. 5

c e n ts ____________________________________ —
c e n ts . ______________________________________
c e n ts ________ _________ __________________

6 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
7 72 p e r cen t____________________________ ______
10 p e r c e n t ______________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ______________________________________

-

19. 6
1. 6

-

1. 6
2. 3
30. 3

-

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

_
-

1 .9

1. 5
. 1

.9
. 3

1. 1

"

. 5
. 5
.7
(1
2)
. 1
. 3

5. 2

1. 2

. 2
-

.7
-

-

. 5
.6

4. 2
.4

-

-

7. 6

-

. 6

'

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d iffe r e n t ia l_________________

'

'

'

W ith no sh ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________________

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g late s h ifts ,
even though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e rc e n t.

and e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s

c o v e rin g

late

sh ifts

13
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly H ours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by sched u led w e e k ly hours
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , T re n to n , N . J. , D e c e m b e r 1964)
O F F IC E

P LA N T W ORKERS

W ORKERS

W e e k ly h ou rs
AH industries

A ll w o rk e rs..

___

. _
.

... .

35 h o u r s _____________________ _______________________
O v e r 3 5 and u n d er 37!/2 h o u r s ____________________
37Vi h o u rs __ __________________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 and u n d er 40 h o u r s ____________________
40 h ou rs
.
. ..
..... _ .. _
.
O v e r 40 hours...

1
2
3
4

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

All industries 3

100

100

100

100

100

11
9
6
6
67

5
1
6
6
81

66

( 4)

Public utilities

2

( 4)

2
3
1
1
88
5

_
_

34

Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; re t a il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in dustry d iv isio n s
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m un ication , and other p u b lic u tilitie s .
Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , re t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p ercen t.




Manufacturing

_

100

_

-

_

2
91
5

_

shown s e p a ra te ly .

100

14

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly , T r e n t o n , N . J. , D e c e m b e r 1964)

O F F IC E

P L A N T W ORKERS

W ORKERS

Item
All industries

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

W o r k e r s in estab lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s ____________________________________

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Publio utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

“

~

"

1

•

-

7
14
2
3
24
19
2
11
1

3
19
2
4
32
28
3
8
1

2
11
66
-

12
22
5
40

2
24
7
48

( 4)
18

( 4)
"

( 4)
1
16
1
1

21

( 4)
1
14
1
1
3

18
18
19
32
51

3

.

( 4)
1
12

4
4

1
2

N u m b e r of days

6 h olid ays
7 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________
7 holid ays plu s 1 h a lf d a y __________________________
7 h olid ays p lus 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
8 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________
8 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf d ay __________________________
8 h olid ays plu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
9 h o lid ay s
_______________________________________
10 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
12 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________

-

“

.
19
-

37
-

44

T o ta l h oliday tim e 5

12 days o r m o r e ______________________________________
11 days o r m o r e ______________________________________
10 days o r m o r e ______________________________________
9 days o r m o r e ______________________________________
8 Y 2 days o r m o r e _____________________________________
8 days o r m o r e ____________ ________________________
7 V2 days o r m o r e _____________________________________
7 days o r m o r e ______________________________________
6 days o r m o r e ______________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

_

77

40
76

79
93
100

78
97
100

21
21
21
88
88
88
88
98
100

19
19
64
64

87
99

44
44
44

18

81

19
73
73
98
100

81

81
81
100
100

Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other p u blic u tilitie s .
Includes d ata fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , re t a il tra d e , r e a l e state, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e rcen t.
A ll com bin ation s of fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e amount a re com bined; fo r e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s rec e iv in g a total of 7 days in clu d es those w ith 7 fu ll days
d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on. P r o p o rtio n s w e r e then cum ulated.




and

15

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T r e n t o n , N . J. , D e c e m b e r 1964

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a catio n p o licy
All industries 2

A l l w o r k e r s — ------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
82
18
1
_

100
77
23
_

100
100
-

( 5)

"

-

M ethod of paym ent
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
paid vacatio n s ---------------------------------------------------L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n t-------------------------------P e rc e n ta g e p a y m e n t --------------------------------------F la t -s u m p a y m e n t------------------------------------------O t h e r -----------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid vacation s - ---------- ------ -------------------------

-

-

-

-

_

Am ount of vacation pay 6
A ft e r 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w eek s — ----------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________

7
67
5
11

_

_

4
81
5

66
17

20
12
3

21
10
2

47
34

-

-

-

-

-

1
78
7
14
1

_

_

82
9
9
-

19
_
71
10

1
49
25
23
1
1

_
54
32
11
2

19
_
71
_

( 5)

10

8
35
53
3
1

8
46
42
4

_
_
90
_

( 5)

10

5
43
47
4

-

5
34
57
3
1

_
_
90
.
10

2
_
96
2

3
2
82
8
4

3
2
83
11
2

A ft e r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w e e k ____________ _____ __________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
3 w eek s _

_

_

_

11
2
87

16
_
84

-

6
3
91
-

_
5
3
73
4
15

2
3
67
6
23

_
8
8
84
-

( 5)
2
72
10
15

_
3
59
15
23

2
98
_

( 5)
2
72
10
15

_
3
59
15
23

2
98

-

A ft e r 2 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
U n d er 1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

-

_

A ft e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------ -----------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------- ------------------------------------------------

-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w eek s
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------- ----- -------- ------------------------ -----

-

( 5)

A ft e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___ ____ _______ _ ___ _______________________
_
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________ —_____ ________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




( 5)
66
9
25

_
60
7
33

_
_
90
_
10

16

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
—
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Trenton, N.J., December 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Vacation policy
AU industries “

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

M
anufacturing

Publio u
tilities 3

Amount of vacation p a y 6— Continued
A fter 10 years of service
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s___ _______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s __ — ----- -----------3 w e e k s ------------ _ -------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ---__ ________ __
4 weeks — --------------------------------------------------------

( 5)
32
10
38
5
15

21
10
38
8
23

2
8
.
90
-

1
1
37
25
36
_
( 5)

.
37
33
30
.

( 5)
30
11
38
5
15

19
12
38
8
23

2
8
90
-

1
1
32
26
38
1
( 5)

35
35
29
1
( 5)

( 5)
7
69
2
21

.
5
62
2
31

2
98
-

1
1
11
80
6
1

9
82
3
1

( 5)
5
51
1
42

2
41
2
55

2
81
17

1
1
11
54
6
27

9
59
8
24

( 5)

2
21
8
70

2
15
-

-

84

1
1
11
31
4
51

9
34
5
52

10
90

2
21
8
70

2
15
84

1
1
11
31
4
51

9
34
5
52

-

A fter 12 years of service
--------------------------------------1 week — -------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s __ _________ ___ ____________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s __ _____ ____________
3 w e e k s _______________________________ _________ __
Over 3 and under 4 weeks -------- --------4 weeks - ----- --------- ----------------- ------------------—

10
90
-

(5)

.
10
90
-

After 15 years of service
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks - — --------------- -----2 weeks
___i m T T m . . . . . . . . . r-rwr3 weeks — _
.. .. ... ... ..-------.. .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ..
Over 3 and under 4 weeks — ------------- ----------4 weeks — — ----- ----------------------------------------

i

_
100
-

A fter 20 years of service
1 week ...._____ _____________ __________ _________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s--------------------------------2 weeks _____________________________ ______________
3 w e e k s ---------- ------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 weeks . . ..------------ ------------------------------------------

47
-

53

A fter 25 years of service
1 week ___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
___________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w e e k s_____ _________________________________ —
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s --- ----------------------------4 weeks ... . _________________________________ -—

-

5
20
5
69

-

-

A fter 30 ye a rs of service
1 week __ ___________ ___________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ._ ___________________
2 w e e k s______________ ___ __________________________
3 w e e k s--------------------------------------------- -------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s---- --- . ---------------------------------------------

( 5)

5
20
5
69

10

90

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to w orkers with qualifying lengths
of service.
Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data fo r w holesale trade, retail trade, re a l estate, an<l services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Le ss than 0.5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay. P eriods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen and do not n e cessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
F or example, the changes
in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs ' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
Estim ates are cumulative.
Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay or m ore
after 5 years includes those who receive 3 w eeks' pay or m ore after few er years of service.




17

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Trenton, N.J., Decem ber 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

P L A N T WORKERS

Type of benefit
All industries

A ll w orkers

2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
3
2

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

Life insurance — -----------------------------------------Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance ------------------ -------------- --- ---Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5____________ -____________

97

99

100

93

99

100

48

45

74

56

62

47

85

92

93

52

55

90

Sickness and accident in s u r a n c e ----------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)-------------------------------------Sick leave (p artial pay or
waiting perio d). ___ _____________________

41

46

19

47

53

53

67

86

23

6

5

34

66

4

1

37

Hospitalization insurance
- ______________
S urgical in s u ra n c e ___________________________
M edical insurance
---------------------------------Catastrophe in s u ra n c e _____ _________________
Retirement pension __________________________
No health, insurance, or pension p la n _____

97
97
91
70
83
1

100
100
83
79
86

95
93
83
21
74
3

100
98
90
23
82

100
100
57
47
90

W o rk ers in establishments providing:

7
99
99
94
68
88

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer, except those legally required, such as workm en’s compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, rea l estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans a re limited to those which definitely establish at least the
minimum number of days* pay that can be expected by each employee.
Inform al sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




18

Table B-7. Paid Sick Leave
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by formal sick leave
provisions, Trenton, N.J., December 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

P L A N T W O RKERS

Sick leave provision
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100.0

100.0

100.0

73.6

85.8

89.1

26.4

14.2

10.9

22.4
20.8
2.5

5.4
5.4
4.0

3.0
1.8
1.3

2.0
2.0
1.3

_
_

F ull pay plus partial p a y ------ --------------P a rtia l pay on ly— -----------------------------------

19.5
16.3
2.5
2.9
9.3
2.2
.9

13.7
1.6
-

1.4
-

.5
1.2

.7
-

_
-

Graduated plan4— After 1 year of service:
No waiting p e rio d -------—------------------------------Full pay__ -___ _____________________________
5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------10 days__________________________________
15 days__________________________________
20 days___ _ __________________________
22 days-----------------------------------------------40 days-----------------------------------------------40— d a y s ______________________________
50
F ull pay plus partial pay 5________________
10 days__________________________________

48.3
43.2
2.2
29.1
3.9
1.8
1.3
3.5
1.5
5.0
4.8

63.4
57.5
3.0
43.3
1.3
2.6
5.2
2.2
5.9
5.6

17.4
17.4
2.3
_
15.1
-

4.4
3.1
-

2.9
1.2
1.2
_
_
1.7
1.7

34.0
34.0
_
_
_
34.0
_
_
-

Graduated plan4— After 10 years of service:
No waiting p e rio d ----------------------------------------F ull pay_____________________________________
20 days___ ______________________________
35 days-----------------------------------------------40 days-----------------------------------------------45 days-----------------------------------------------50 days-----------------------------------------------55 days__________________________________
60 days__________________________________
65 d a y s ......_________ _____ __ ________ __
70 days__________________________________
80 days__________________________________
80— d a y s ______________________________
90
Full pay plus partial p a y 5— __________
65 days__________________________________
Waiting p e rio d ---------------------------------------------F ull pay---------------------------------------------------Full pay plus partial pay__________________

48.3
43.0
6.0
3.0
2.5
15.5
1.6
3.4
2.9
1.3
1.8
3.5
1.5
5.2
3.8
5.8
5.8

63.4
57.5
9.0
3.8
23.0
2.4
5.1
4.3
2.6
5.2

17.4
15.1
15.1
2.3
66.3

4.4

3.1
.6
.3

2.9
1.2
.8
.4

-

-

-

1.7
1.7
1.0
1.0

34.0
34.0
_
_
_
_
_
34.0
_
~
_
_
36.9
_
36.9

.8

1.0

A ll w orkers —__ ________________________________
W o rk ers in establishments providing
form al paid sick le a v e ----------------------------------W orkers in establishments providing
no form al paid sick le a v e --- --------------------------

100.0

100.0

100.0

10.6

5.9

70.9

89.4

94.1

29.1

Type and amount of paid sick
leave provided annually
Uniform plan: 4
No waiting p e rio d _____________________________

6 d a y s -------------------------------------------------

2.2

5.9
5.6
-

-

.9

_
2.2
1.3
1.3

2.2

66.3

1.3
1.3
3.2
.8
2.4

1.4

‘1.3

-

-

"

Provisions for accumulation
W orkers in establishments having
provisions for accumulation
of unused sick leave --------------------------------------

1.8

-

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and se rv ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 "U niform plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an employee, after 1 year of service, is entitled to the same number of days' paid sick leave each year.
"Graduated
plans" a re defined as those form al plans under which an em ployee's leave varies according to length of service.
Periods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen. Estimates reflect provisions app li­
cable at the stated length of service but do not reflect provisions for progression.
Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick leave after 10 years of service may also receive this amount
after greater or le ss e r lengths of service.
* May include provisions other than those presented separately. Num bers of days shown under "F u ll pay plus partial pay" are days for which w orkers receive sick leave at full pay; w orkers
a re entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.




19
Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s ,
b y ty p e o f p la n , T r e n t o n , N . J . , D e c e m b e r 1964)

P L A N T W O R K ER S

O FF ICE W O R K ER S

Type of plan
All industries 2

Manufacturing

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________________

100

100

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts provid in g
p r o fit -s h a r in g plans -------------------------------------------

8

Public utilities 1
3
*4

A industries
11

4

Manufacturing

4

100

100

7

100

Public utilities 3

8

P la n s p ro vid in g fo r c u rre n t
d is t r ib u t io n -----------------------------------------------------

1

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r d e fe r r e d
d is t r ib u t io n -----------------------------------------------------

7

4

5

6

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r both c u rre n t
and d e fe r r e d d is t r ib u t io n ------------------- ---------

( 5)

( 5)

1

2

92

96

93

92

100

( 5)

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r e m p lo y e e 's choice of
m ethod of d is t r ib u t io n ________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g no
p r o fit -s h a r in g plans ______________________________

100

100

1 The study w as lim ited to fo r m a l plans (1) having e sta b lish e d fo rm u la s fo r the allo c a tio n of p ro fit sh a re s am ong e m p lo y e e s; (2) w h ose fo rm u la s w e re com m unicated to the em p lo y ees in
advance of the determ in atio n of p ro fits; (3) that re p re s e n t a com m itm ent by the com pany to m ake p e rio d ic contributions b a se d on p ro fits; and (4) in w hich e lig ib ility extends to a m a jo rity of the
office o r plant w o r k e r s .
Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; re t a il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
4 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , re t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e rcen t.







Appendix A, Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau’s last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




21

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data, for these occupations will
be presented next year.
The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine!. Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accotmts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

23

24
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations* May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks*
Class B* Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data* This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis#among several woxkers*
CLERK, FILE
Class A * In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material* May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files* May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks*
Class B* Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings* Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material* May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files*
Class C* Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e*g*, alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled*
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check flipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets* Duties involve: Calculating workers* earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, woiking days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due* May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes*
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties*
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine* Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed* Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ('’Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this woiker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN—Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse♦ ho gives nursing service under general medical
'
w
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following; Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenters handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.
r

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping



Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment, Work involves most of the followings Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts* In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush*
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded*
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order*
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake* In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

30
TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUS T ODI AL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERI AL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

^

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tom*,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

31
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following?
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-poweied
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.

Occupational \ aye >ur*e\>
\
A list o f the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dales ot e a rlie r studies, and the prices <f the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent * 1 Documents, U .S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
>*
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A rea
Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1________________________________
Albany-Schenectady— r o y , N. Y. , M ar. 1964
T
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1964 1__ ______ « ...______
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1964
N.
Atlanta, Ga. , M ay 1964 1____________________ ___ ________
B altim ore, Md. , Nov. 1964 1 __________ ....
Beaumont— o rt Arthur, T ex. , May 1964 L
P
Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1964 1
_______ ____
Boise C ity, Idaho, July 1964 1
Boston, Mass. , Oct. 1964 1
__

Bulletin n '"h e r
and pric <___
1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

Buffalo, N .Y . , Dec. 1963________________________________ 1385
Burlington, V t. , M ar. 1964_______________ _______ _____ 1385
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 19641________________________________ 1385
Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1964 1
________________________ 1385
Charlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1964 1
____________________________ 1385
Chattanooga, Tenn. -G a. , Sept. 1964 1 ____ __ _____ _____ 1430
Chicago, I I I ., Apr. 19641________________________________ 1385
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , M ar. 1964 1_______________ ____ __
1385
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1964 1_______ ____ ________________ 1430
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1964 1---------------------- ----------- --- 1430

33,
*47,
*64,
•57,
■55,
•10,
•66,
•58,
13,
■18,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, T e x ., Nov. 19641 __________________________________1430 -25,
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111., Oct. 1964*____________________________________________1430 20,
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965----1430 31,
Denver, Colo. , Dec. 1964_________________ ______________ 1430 32,
Des M oines, Iowa, Feb. 1964 1---------------------- ----------- 1385 •44,
D etroit, M ic h ., Jan. 1964---------------------------------------- 1385 •43,
Fort Worth, T e x ., Nov. 19641___________________________ 1430 24,
Green Bay, W is. , Aug. 1964 1_________________________ __ 14 30 3,
G reen ville, S. C. , May 1964 1____ _______ __ _____________ 1385 68,
Houston, T e x ., June 1964 1_______________________________ 1385 -81,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25

Indianapolis, Ind. , Nov. 1964___________________________ - 1430 30,
Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1964 1_____________________________ 1385 41,
Jacksonville, Fla. , Jan. 1964_________ __________________ 1385 •32,
Kansas City, Mo. —
Kans. , Nov. 1964._________ ______ ___ 1430
26,
Lawrence— averhill, M a s s .— H. , June 1964
H
N.
__ _
1385 76,
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A r k ., Aug. 1964
1430 7,
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif., M ar. 1964 _________ 1385 59,
L o u isville, Ky. —
Ind. , Feb. 1964_________________________ 1385 50,
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1964 1
____________ ________ _______ ___ 1385
75,
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1964 1__________ __ __________ __ 1430 4,
Memphis, Tenn. , Jan. 1964 1_____________ ____________ ... 1385 -35,

25
25
20
25
25
25
30
20
25
25
25

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M iam i, Fla. , Dec. 1964__________________________________
Milwaukee, W is ., Apr. 1964____________________________
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , Jan. 1964__________ _____
Muskegon—
Muskegon H eights, M ich ., Mav 1964 1_______
Newark and Jersey C ity ,'N . J. , Feb. 1964*_____________
New Haven, Conn. , Jan. 1965___________________________
New Orleans, L a ., Feb. 1964___________________________
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1964 1___________________________
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1964___________ ________________ ...
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1964 1
______________________

Bulletin number
and price
1430-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1430-34,
1385-42,
1385-72,

25
25
25
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 1964__________________________ 1430-17, 25 cents
Paterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N. J. , May 1964 1 ______ ___ 1385-62, 25 cents
P
__
Philadelphia, P a .- N . J. , Nov. 1964 1____________________ 1430-28, 35 cents
Phoenix, A r iz . , M ar. 1964 1_____________________________ 1385-54, 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a. , Jan. 1964_______________________________ 1385-38, 25 cents
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964_________ ____________ ________ 1430-21, 25 cents
Portland, O reg.-W ash . , May 1964 1_____________________ 1385-67, 25 cents
Providen ce—
Pawtucket, R. I . — ass. , May 1964...___.... 1385-65, 20 cents
M
Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1964________________________________ 1430-6, 20 cents
Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1964____________________ _—________ 1430-19, 25 cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111., Apr. 19641
_______________________________
St. Louis, M o .- H I., Oct. 1964 1_________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1964 1 _______________________
Sam Antonio, T e x ., June 1964____________________________
Sam Bernardino— iversid e—
R
Ontario, C alif. ,
Sept. 1964________________________________________________
San Diego, C a lif., Sept. 1964 1___________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif., Jam. 1964 1
_______
Savannah, Ga. , May 1964 1
________________________________
Scranton, Pa. , Aug. 1964________________________________
Seattle, W ash., Sept. 1964_______________________________

1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1385-3o,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls, S. D ak., Oct. 1964_________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1964 1___________________________
Spokane, W ash., May 1964_______________________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964_________________________________
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1964 1 ___________________ __________
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a . , Oct. 1964 1 _______________
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1964 1___ __________ „__________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641 _____________________________
Wichita, K an s., Sept. 1964 1_____________________________
W orcester, M a ss., June 1964 l_ _____ _____ __ ____ _______
York, P a . , Feb. 19641___________________________________

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

20
25
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

30 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102