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Occupational Wage Survey

S T .

L O U IS ,

M IS S O U R I

NOVEMBER

Bulletin No.

1 2 2 4 -5

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



1 9 5 7

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




O
ccupational W Survey
age




S T .

L O U IS ,

M IS S O U R I

NOVEMBER 1957

B u lle tin N o. 1224-5
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BURfAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan C ague, Com issioner
l
m
January 1958

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year’ s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.




Introduction __________________________________________________________
vVage trends for selected occupational groups _____________________

1
4

Table s:
1.
2.

A:

B:

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percent of increase for selected p eriod s______________

2
4

Occupational earnings * A - 1: Office occupations ____________________________________
A -2 : Professional and technical occupations_______________
A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant occupations______________
A -4 : Custodial and material movement occupations ______

5
8
9
10

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B - l : Shift differentials ______________________________________
B -2 : Minimum entrance rates for women office w o rk ers_
B - 3: Scheduled weekly h ou rs________________________________
B -4: Overtime pay practices ________________________________
B -5 : Wage structure characteristics and labormanagement agreements _____________________________
B -6: Paid holidays ___________________________________________
B -7: Paid vacations_________________________________________
B -8: Health, insurance, and pension plans ________________

16
17
18
20

Appendix: Job descriptions _________________________________________

21

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the St. Louis area reports for January 1952, December
1952, January 1954, February 1955, and February 1956. Prior
to the present report no tabulations had been presented for wage
structure characteristics or labor-management agreements ex­
cept in the 1954 report, which also provides a tabulation of
overtime pay provisions.
The 1955 report also included data
on frequency of wage payments, and pay provisions for holidays
falling on nonworkdays. A directory indicating date of study
and the price of the reports, as well as reports for other major
areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage practices in the St. Louis area are also available for ma­
chinery industries (November 1957) and women’ s cement-process
(conventional-lasted) shoes (April 1957). Union scales, indica­
tive of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following
trades or industries: Building construction, printing, localtransit operating employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

13
14
15
15




Occupational W age Survey - St. Louis, Mo. *
Introduction
The St. Louis area is one of several important industrial cen­
ters in which the Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage bene­
fits on an areawide basis.
In each area, data are obtained by per­
sonal visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation
(excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities; whole­
sale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv­
ices. Major industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion.1 Wher­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same*
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
* This report was prepared in the Bureau’s regional office in
Chicago, 111., by Woodrow C. Linn, under the direction of George E.
Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment covered.




to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term ’’office w o rk ers," as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"Plant workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative, executive, professional, and technical employees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B -l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment p olicy,2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2

workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed.
Scheduled hours, wage structure
characteristics, and labor-management agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a majority are covered.3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e. The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week’ s pay*
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen’ s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com-

mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or
paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions, 4 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker’s pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

4
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
* An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
*
it
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B-3) were presented in earlier years in terms of the propor­
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
tion of women office workers employed in offices with the indicated
were excluded.
weekly hours for women workers.
T a b le 1:

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in sco p e of s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ie d in S t. L o u is , M o.
M in im u m
em p lo ym e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in sco p e
of stu d y

In d u s tr y d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

_
_

- -

-

M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
T r a n s p o r ta t io n (e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a ­
tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ____________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
_
_ __
R e t a il tra d e 5
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ___________________
S e r v ic e s 8
_ __
___

by m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N o v e m b e r 1957

N u m b e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W ith in
sco p e of
stu d y 2

Stu d ie d

_

955

230

3 2 6 ,9 0 0

5 3 ,6 0 0

2 1 6 ,7 0 0

1 8 7 ,6 2 0

11
0

411
544

104

220,100
106,800

26,800

1 6 2 ,3 0 0
5 4 ,4 0 0

1 3 4 ,4 2 0
5 3 ,2 0 0

59
173
77

24
37
17

3 2 ,3 0 0

-

11
0
51
11
0
51
51

11
2
114

W ith in sco p e of study
T o ta l 3

16
2

26
22

20,100

2 1 ,5 0 0
1 8 ,6 0 0
1 4 ,3 0 0

Stu d ie d

O ffic e

P la n t

2 6 ,8 0 0
5 ,5 0 0

6,100
(6 )
1 0 ,4 0 0
(6 )

,

7

1 7 ,7 0 0
8 ,5 0 0
(‘ )
1 ,2 0 0
(‘ )

T o ta l 3

2 4 ,9 5 0
6 ,9 5 0
8 ,5 9 0
8 ,0 3 0
4 ,6 8 0

1 T h e S t. L o u is M e tro p o lita n A r e a ( C it y of S t. L o u is , S t. L o u is and S t. C h a r le s C o u n t ie s , M o .; and M a d iso n and S t. C l a ir C o u n t ie s , 111.).
T h e " w o rk e rs w ith in sco p e of s tu d y " e s tim a te s shown
in th is ta b le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n of the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e e s tim a te s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r, to s e r v e a s a b a s is of c o m p a ris o n
w ith other a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) p la n n in g of w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce of the p ay p e r io d
s tu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the sco p e of the s u r v e y .
2 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo ym e n t at o r above the m in im u m - s iz e lim it a t io n .
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) of c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n -p ic tu re th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
3 In c lu d e s e x e c u tiv e , t e c h n ic a l, p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d fr o m the s e p a ra te o ffic e and p la n t c a t e g o r ie s .
4 A ls o e x c lu d e s t a x ic a b s , and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o r ta tio n .
5 E x c lu d e s d e p a rtm e n t and lim it e d - p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s , alth o u gh c o v e ra g e w as in s u f f ic ie n t to ju s t if y s e p a ra te p re se n ta tio n of data.
7 E s tim a t e r e la t e s to r e a l esta te e s ta b lis h m e n ts o n ly .
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s; ra d io b r o a d c a s tin g and t e le v is io n ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




3
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors1 fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured.
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker *s life.
With reference to wage structure characteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system. However, because of technical considerations, all time­
rated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to these workers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the pre­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishment.
Graduated provisions for premium overtime pay were classi­
fied to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling
for time and one-half after 8 and, double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as time and one-half after 8 hours.
Similarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37*/2 hours (regular
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically im ­
portant jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based
on women in the following 18 jobs: B illers, machine (billing ma­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer
operators; clerks, file, class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, pay-*
roll; key-punch operators; office girls; secretaries; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists;
tabuiating-machine operators; transcribing-machine operators, gen­
eral; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled mainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the plant worker
data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; m e­
chanics, automotive; millwrights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal
workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, material handling; and watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly" earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earnings for individual
T a b l e 2:

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments •
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1202, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1956-57.

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s in St. L o u i s , M o . ,
N o v e m b e r 19 5 7 a n d F e b r u a r y 1 9 5 6 , a n d p e r c e n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
indexes
( D e c e m b e r 1952=100)

Industry and o ccu p a tion a l grou p

Novem ber
19 5 7

February
1 95 6

A ll in du stries:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) _______________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ______________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _ ________________ _____ _
U n s k ille d plant (m en )
______ __________ ___ ___

1 2 4 .0
12 8 .8
1 29 .0
127 .5

11 4 .7
116. 8
1 1 7 .3
1 16 .6

M an u factu rin g:
O ffice c le r ic a l (w om en)
_ _
____________
_________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _ _________________ _______
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________ ________________

124 .3
1 28 .8
128. 5
1 26 .7

1 1 3 .9
11 6 .8
1 1 6 .8
11 5 .2




P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s f r o m ----F e b r u a r y 19 56
to
N o v e m b e r 19 57

F e b r u a r y 19 5 5
to
F e b r u a r y 19 5 6

J a n u a r y 19 5 4
to
F e b r u a r y 1955

D e c e m b e r 1 95 2
to
J a n u a r y 1 95 4

8. 1
10. 3
10.0
9.4

4.2
6.6
6.1
4 .4

4 .2
3 o0
3 .2
3.0

5.7
6 .4
7. 1
8 .5

6.3
6 .8
5 .1
4 .5

9.1
10.3
10.0
10.0

4.8
6 .6
6 .2
4 .6

3. 1
3 .8
2.9
2.6

5.5
5.6
7.0
7.4

7.6
6 .8
5.0
4.8

J a n u a r y 1 95 2
to
D e c e m b e r 1952

A : O c c u p a t i p n a l E a r n in g s

T a b le A - l :

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in St. L o u is, M o . , by industry division, N ovem ber 1957)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avbkaox
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Men
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u tilities t
W holesale trade _
Finance f t

619
------W T
251
41
85
87

--__
_
. . .

O lerk s , accounting, c la s s R
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _ _

.... .

-----------

------

. . .

—

W

174

C lerk s, ord er .
.
. ..
M anufacturin g________________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g___________________________________
W holesale t r a d e _________________________________
C lerk s, p ayroll
Manufacturing _

270

_
....

----O ffice boys
Manufacturing
.
__
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
Finance t t —
_
_ —

___
........... -

— —

...... .
___

-

T abulating-m achine op erators
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing _

m ~

287
263

$
9 0 .0 0
39.5
"39" 5 " '9 2 . W
86.50
39.5
85.50
39.5
93.00
39.5
77.50
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

73.00
w :w
69.00

39.5
' 39". 5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

_
_
-

80.50
83. 59
78.00
80.00

155
39.5
n r ~ .... W . 5

86.50
8 7 .0 0 "

39.5
359
T 5 T ...39". 5
193
39.5
64
39.5
10 7
39.5

—

___
... .

503
—

$
W
eekly Under 40 .0 0
earnings $
and
(Standard) (Standard) 4 0 .0 0 under
4 5 .0 0

50.00

244
39.5
— r s z i ' 4 0 .0
39.0
92

5 2 :0 9

_
_
_

48.0 0
51.00
4 6 .0 0

_
_
-

-

_
’

_
-

_
"

$
4 5 .0 0

$
50.00

5 0.00

5 5.00

_
_

_
-

26
------1----

25
15
15
2

_
-

105
89
27— — n —
78
46
15
19
27
52

83.50
83.50 "
83.00

_

_

_

-

-

-

$
9
$
$
S
9
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
55.00 60.0 0 6 5.00 7 0.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0
and
6 0.00 65.00 7 0.00 75.00 _80f PP 85,00 90.0 0 _25 , m 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . » 0 0 pver

_
-

30
17
----- 5— -----28
12
26
21

5
5

17
17
17

5
5
----- 5— ----- 5
81
—
38

9
9
_
9

10

57

66

102

2
8

21

43
23
5
5
13

53
49

35
R

33
— n

21

20

11

38
18

81
47
34
34

79
27
52
52

11

31
71

10

12

— n r~

rz

4
_
4

11
32
■■"TO"” ------5“
22

6

36
6
6
21

23
12
11

40
40
18
----- 5—
17 ....
11
34
7
23
33
1
19
_
5
25
------5— ....23
"
-

50
34

21

4

16
8

11

10

2
2
2

22

6

3
3

9
T9— ----- 7—
9
-

13
----- 1----- — 9—
4
11
12

2
1

6

17
25

20
20

17
IT " —
_
-

93
63
30
4
7
13

-

23
14
9

17

28

8

20

33
27

9

8

6

31
23

27
19

9

77
49
28
7
19

79
50
29
4
11

2

“

5
4

11

8

1

9

81

15

11

10

70
70

5
5

18
20
------ 7 — — T T ~

_
-

-

66

41
25
5
9
-

2

28
25
3
4
4
-

6

8

4

2
6

2

-

-

2

6

-

-

5
5
-

_
9
7

18
15
3
3
_
-

38
— TT~
l
l

2

2

1
1
1

-

2

18
— n r~

5
4

4
4

2
2

5
5

_
"

_
-

_
-

2

2

2
1
1
1

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
-

30
b
lb

25

27
16

10

10

7

1

22

8

6

-

3

11

2

4

1
6

1

5
5

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

_

_
!
1

2

Women
B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine)
_ ....
M anufacturing
_
_____
____
N onm anufacturing___________________________________

299
147
152

39.5
40. b
39.5

61.50
62. 50
61.00

_
"

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) .. .

106

39.5

63.50

_
_
-

88

39.5
4 b .o
39.0
38.5

64.50
72.50
62.00
55.50

1,154
340
814
198
499

39.5
39". 5
39.0
4 0 .0
38.5

56.00

555
276
279
45
54
85

3 9.0
39.5
3 9.0
39.5
4 0 .0
39.5

5
5
_
_
-

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla ss A
M anufacturing _
_
_
Nonmanufacturirig
_
Finance t t

..... _
___

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla ss R
... _
Manufacturing _ __
_ „ ___
_ _ _
Nonmanufacturing _ __ ____
W holesale trade
. ..
Finance t t
—
_____
_
_
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A _
Manufacturing
---Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities t
W holesale trade _ _
F in a n cett
-■ - -

.
......

_
_
...... __
- —

199
54
145

62 . 50 ”
53.50

62.00
50.00
77.0 0
80.00
73.50
83.50
76.00
67.50

—

11
2—

9
1

.
80
_
80
80
-

_

_

"

“

43
T 7 —
16
4
4
4
4
236
“ T 9—

216
9
195
_
_

61

19
42
32
55
55
55

38
16

38

22

18

8

8

3

20
10
10

15

18

11

7

2

35
17
18

31
16
15

8

2

6
2

4
4

32
3
29
15

335
136
123
35
121
71----- “ 95----- “ 18— “ 79— ~ n —
71
85
45
24
262
61
10
39
33
24
18
34
2
168
14
14
_

27
27
-

30
19
-

95
36
59
-

_

9

16

3
4

30

11

6

62
36

26
11
10
1

6




10

-

2
1
1

4
3

2
2

1
1

1

"

-

-

-

48
32
16
14

26

7
----- 5 ----

2
2

6

2
2

2
116
51

-

-

-

74

68

_
23

58

65

16

6

5

24

_

29
39
14

11

8

9
6

26

9
17
-

See footnote at end of tab le.
t
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities,
t t Finance, insurance, and real estate.
_______________________ __
NOTE:

15
5

_

20

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include inform ation for department and
lim ite d -p r ic e variety sto r e s; the rem ainder of retail trade is appropriately
rep resented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

18
8

20
17
3
3
-

~

9
14

6
1

_

.
-

_

_
-

24

2b
4
-

1
“

_
_
~

_

_

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

2
1
1

“

-

"

_

_
_
“

6
T a b le A -1 : O f f i c e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in St. L o u is, M o . , by industry d ivision, N ovem ber 1957)

Avebags
Num
ber
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eeklyj Weekly , ^nder
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) 4 0 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0
and
under
4 5.00

$
45.0 0

$
50.00

$
55.00

50.00

55.00

6 0 .0 0

65.00

70.00

125
27
98
_
_
60

237
58
179

216
75
141

2

20

257
i 02
155
51

13
125

23
53

294
130
164
25
48
43

26

113
49
64
28
13

18

2

70
54

59
“ TT-

$
$
$
$
$
$
60.00 65.00 70.00 7 5.00 80.00 85.00
75.00

80.00

83

78
29
49
19
14
"

85.00

90.00

$
90 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0
and
1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0
over

W omen - Continued
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
_
------ . _
M anufacturing
..............
_
. _ ... .
Nonmanufacturing
.. ...
. .... .
P ublic utilities t ___________________________________
W holesale trade
.
.... .... .........
Finance t t
C lerk s, file , c la s s A
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
F
i n
a n

.... .
.. . . . .
c

.....

... .

...........

e

......

1,462
535
927
161
156
302

324
39.5
— nrs~ ....* 0 7 (r
3 9 .0
156
38.5
83

C lerk s, file , cla s s B __
._ . ..........
1,141
M an u factu rin g ________________________________________ ----- 4 W
N onm anufacturing____________________________________
645
Pu blic utilities t ___________________________________
79
W holesale trade ___________________________________
168
277
Finance t t - C lerk s, order
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

...

39.5
_ 4577T
39.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
38.0

4 0 .0
402
----- T5TT " 3 9 .5
4 0 .0
252

$
58.50
61.00
57.00
63.50
6 1 .0 0

_
_
_

49.50
6 1 .0 0

62.50
59.50
57.00
50.50
51.50
4 9.50
54.50
53.00
46.5 0
59.00
” 61750”
57.50

.
_
-

6

-

....... ..
_ . ...

_
_

10

10

_
_
10

10

11

36
— 9—
27

_
.
_
-

38
36

1,080
613
467
178

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

63.50
64. Oo
6 3.00
63.00

_

13

-

11
2

127
------ 73
54

. ..
_

_
_

D uplicating-m achine o p e ra to rs (m im eograph
or d itto)
.......
M anufacturing
^
Nonmanufacturing

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5

57.50
57.00
58.00

-

9
— 5----3

_
_

5

837
___

— w r~
350

- ....

101
66

166

.....

O ffice g ir ls
M anufacturing _ .
Nonmanufacturing
...
F in a n c e t t ....... .......

__ ___
. ____
_ .

3 9.5
62.50
'4 070" "5Z750“
38.5
62.50
3 9.5
69.00
4 0 .0
69.00
56.50
37.5

3 9.0
259
— m r “ 3975
38.0
149
37.0
72

50.50
■50"75ff'
51.00
4 7 .5 0 •

2

-

-

1

4
_
4

4
4
4

56
“ 25—
31
23

26
16

22

19

41
“ 3T“
7
2

21
62
16

14

73
“ 15----48
45
46
5
3
85
31
54
9
14
T3
T—
4
115
49
66

6

59

56
28
28

14
----- 5
9

1

8

3
-

_
_
_

15
15
_
_

-

-

49
Z3—
26

6

21

3
3

----- 5—
13

143
93
130
112
91
“ 53— “ 55— “ 57— “ 75— ^” 3?—
17
56
57
32
29
27
6
4
14
16
7
36
10
165
96
69
22

38
” T7----21

157
78
79
41
18
t t ----6

153
95
“ 97----- “ 7Z—
56
23
16
4
_
9
26
17

67
54
82
“ Z5----- “ 39----- “ zz—
54
28
32
35
13
12

See footnote at end of tab le.
t
Transportation (excluding ra ilr o a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s,
tt
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

55
50
“ n — “ 15—
36
39

14
— 9—
5
2

188
UTO
88

167
TC9
58

59

12

19
T5----4

18
----14

114
92
22
12

8

5 -----

74
46
28
10

9

1
6

2
6

-

-

4
4
4

1

_
1

_
1

-

31
12
n— —n—

3
Z

20

1

1

44

26

12

“ TT—
15
13

32
16
9

1

-

-------

_
_

1

-

_
1

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
_
-

4
_
4
4
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
"

_
“

.

_
_

_
_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

8
13
23
5
T5— ----- 5— ----- 1---- ----- Z—
3
3
12
8
6

1

1

1
1

8

4

2
1

_

_

1

1

_
1

20

17
4
3

10

-

50
5

9
9

1
1

-

_
_
-

2
2

“

-

1
1

-

"

-

-

-

-

45

17

26

6
11

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

8

11

16

17

4
9

7
— 4----- — 5— — z—
7
5
2
6

2

-

~ 1

19

83
34
49
13

12

8

_
_
_
_

"

-

_
_
_

21

76
42
34

6

7

1

_
_
_

70

125
83
42
13

20

5

2

Z
_
_

79
48
31
5

2

123
77
46
16

13
26
11
6
----- 9— “ I T ” ------7— ------5—
_
7
4
4
_
_
_
_
_
1
3
1
1
"
-

24
17
7

307
310
186
203
78
21
2
r r r i — T T 6 — “ 56— T 5 3 — “ 35— ~ n — ----- 1----196
50
10
194
118
42
1
7
16
38
17
1
_
48
27
37
22
6
19
96
134
12
2
4
29
-

65.00
62.00
71.00
72.00
75.50

126

C om ptom eter op erators
M anufacturing _
_ _
.....
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade . ...... .




32

3

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
39.5
39.5

846
-----5¥5“
300

_

33
----- j-----

6

80

C le rk s , payroll
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities t
W holesale trade

K ey-punch op erators .
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
P ublic utilities t
W holesale trade
F in a n ce tt
—

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
4 0 .0
37.5

22

14
12

12

19
15
_
4
_
-

-

“

-

_
_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

4
6

-

_
_

1
1

-

7
T a b le A -1 : O f f i c e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
(Average straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in St. L o u is, M o ., by industry division , N ovem ber 1957)

Akab
vbg
Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Under 4 0 .0 0
and
(Standard) (Standard) lo.O O under
4 5 .0 0
Weekly |

Weekly j

$
45.0 0

$
50.00

$
55.00

50.00

“
55.00

■
60.00

76
6
70
2
20
47

124
“ 15—
96

$
60.00

$
65.00

$
70.00

$
7 5.00

$
80.00

65.00

70.00

“
75.00

“
80.00

85.00

401
263
138
32
43
43

372
261
111
46
52
6
179
89
90
26
33
_

$
85.00
90.0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
90.00 9 5.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
“
■
“
“
and
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

W omen - Continued
S ecretaries

_

.
*
-

17
_
17

_
_

_
_

_
6

68
5
63

200
30
170

12
42

15
129

2,705
39.5
i ; 5 1 5 ■ 39.5
1,190
39.5
39.5
255
4 0 .0
311
348
38.5

79.00
82.55
75.50
85.00
77.50
67.00

3,564
1,792
1,772
387
527
626

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

63.50
65.55
62.00
70.00
63.50
56.50

Stenographers, technical
M an u factu rin g--------------------------------------------------------------

240
— YW ~

4 0 .0
4 5 .0

69.50
71750“

Sw itchboard operators
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Finance t t

454
-----154
300
100

39.5
1975
39.5
39.0

60.50
6 9 .5 0 “
55. 50
57.00

5
_
5
_

39.5
“ 5975“
39.5
4 0 .0
39.5

59.00
59.5 5 ..
58.50
64.00
58.00

-

74.50
75.56
74.00
85.50

_
_
■

60.00
15755“
59.50
62.50
58.00

_
_
_
_
_

N onm anufacturing____________________________________

Stenographers, general

...

_

....

W holesale t r a d e ___________________________________
Finance t t
....................

_

__

........ __
_ __

__

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists __ _____ _ ____
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_ _ _______ ___ __ __ __
Public utilities t
.
.......
W holesale trade ___________________________________

588
264
324
47
142

Tabulat ing-m ach ine o p e r a t o r s ________ ___________ ___
Manufacturing
... ___ .
. ___
N onm anufacturing___ ___ __
_ ____
______
P u b lic utilities t __________________________________

39 .0
248
— 17“ ~w rr^
38.0
121
39.5
54

T ra n scribin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s , general ------- __ —
Manufacturing
_______ _______ __ ____
Nonmanufacturing
........ W holesale trade . _.
Finance ft"
___

649
-----4Jl
218
77
103

39.0
...3 0
39.5
4 0 .0
39.0

783
40 2
381
176

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
39.0

62.50
65.66
60.50
56.50

39.5
""4 0 7 5 '
39.0
39.5
39. 5
38.0

53.50
57. 66
50.50
60. 50
53. 50
46.50

T yp ists, cla s s A _ _______ ____ __ __ _
Manufacturing
.
_
Nonmanufacturing
. ..............
Finance t t
.... ..

__

__
____

Manufacturing .......
N onm anufacturing____________________________________
Public utilities t
.............
......
W holesale trade ..... ... .
F in a n c e t t ________ __ - ____ — -- ____ ____

t
“t
f

2,583
1,251
1, 332
112
417
471

_
_
_
-

2
-----1
-----

"

_
_
_
15
15
_
-

_
_
-

453
175
255
29
71
114

12
40

206
80
126
1
18
68

638
195
340
47
121
119

770
“455
340
73
96
132

21

53
----- “ 55-----

584
376
208
82
72
41

340
225
115
44
53
16

205
84
121
33
49
29

38
33

44
32

71
63

60
52
21
54
139
— 5----- — 9----- — 3----- “ 1 3 ----- " 1 9 —
18
37
131
43
15
8
23
7
30
18

-

52
3
27

123
61
62
14
12

145
76
69
5
45

4
_
4
~

5
_
5
"

15
_
15
3

13
6
7
2

4
_
4
_
4

42
24
18

152
86
66
20
29

144
T55
36
19
11

12
_
12

327
312
1 5 5 ----- 1 5 7 —
161
125
16
25
53
25
61
45

72
26

11

107
5b
57
4
29

563
195
370
12

54
185

68

180

550
1 1
308
27
129
97

511
561
150
14
87
2

52
28

24
21
3
_

7
3
— 5— ----- 1-----

26
8
18
8
4

13
1
---- §----- -----j----8
2
-

24
46
22
— 9----- " 1 9 ----- “ 1 5 ----15
17
7
2
11
2

43
26
17
10

28
" 1 5 ----3
•

109
72
37
16
21

394
155
114
28
48
4

91
62
29
7
22

76
66

10
8
_

20
13
7
1
5

6

_
6
1
_

70
50
13
103
79— “ 1 5 ----- “ H — ~ n —
14
24
29
2
7
4
2
107
75
32
17
7
2

46
22
24
5
18
1

44
34
10
4

132
38
22
25
21
79
54— " 1 9 — “ H — “ I T — “ 1 5 — “ 1 5 —
48
30
7
6
2
18
14
2
j
13
3
4
2
_
4
14
8
6

41
“17—
24
21
_

-

_

9
4
5
5

6

-

13
6
7

_
-

3
3
_
_
_

-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

"

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

_
_
_
_

_

1
-----1
-----

_
_
_
_
_

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
-----?-----

12
4
8
8

1
_
1
“

10
_
10
10

_
_
■

_
_
-

5
_
5
5

_

_
_
_
_
_

1

“

1
_
1
1
_

3
_
3
3
_

1
_
1
1
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

11
rc—
i

_
_

1
_
1
_

j
_
1
_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_

_

_
_
_
_

-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e sa la ries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours,
Transportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




17
1
16
10
2
4

j
----- j-----

30
8
1
1
“ 1 5 ----- ----- 3----- ----- 1
----- ----- 1
----10
5
_

45
43
“ 1 5 ----- “ 1 7 ----20
26
11
16
9

5
36
101
253
139
-----1
----- -----6----- “ 59— “ 95----- “T13—
83
130
4
30
62
46
48
4
26
39
344
40
304

48
35
“ 1 5 ----- " n —
22
14
10
4

241
312
1 5 1 ----- 1 5 5 —
90
162
57
42
41
24
15
13

_
-

-

_

8

T a b le A - 2 :

P r o fe s s io n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a t i o n s

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
in St. L o u is, M o ., by industry division , N ovem ber 1957)
Atkbaos
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
Weekly.
Weekly j Under 6 0 .0 0
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) l o . o o under
6 5.00

$
65.00

S
70.00

$
75.00

$
80.00

$
85.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

9 0.00

$
9 0.00

$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
95.0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

Men
Draftsm an r leader _
M an u factu rin g---D raftsm en, senior _ ...
M anufacturing ...
Nonmanufacturing
D ra ftsm en , ju n io r
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
T racers

.
_.

..

------ ------ ..
--------------

...............

_

_
. . .

.......
_
_ .......... _
...........................

___ ...
............
. .

121
105

39.5
'39.5

$
142.00
143.50

-

848
7?5
93

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5

112.50
113.66
109.50

-

478
361
117

39.5
39.5
39.5

84.00
£3.66
88.00

17
13
4

13

91

4 0 .0

6 9.00

228

4 0 .0
4 6 .6

80.50
' 6o^56

"

-

"

-

"

-

2
-

.
-

------ 3
j

2
2

14
12
2

42
30
12

22
15
7

75
61
14

54
31

36
30
6

65
— 57
8

40
" ' 35
5

30
29
1

51
42
9

73
— 57
6

14

8

17

32

18

1

1

_

_

19
18

23
11

19
TB

49
43

45
41

44
43

11
9

2

"
75
5 9 ..
16

2
1

118
ITT
l

5
1
------ 5“ -------1

13
-------5“

76
— 71
5

69
— 59
"

33
15
19
— w ~ — n r ~ -----I F ”
3
9
“
_

39
-----J5
3
4
1
3

_

_

_

5
4

2
2

39
------ T ~
32

_

2
1

—

8
S~

60
79
-----79“ — 53“
2
“

-

2
2

_
46
44
2

.

-

_

23
-----23

265
“ 57—

66
62
— 53“ “ 35“
3 27
-

_

_

.

_

W omen
N u rses, in du stria l (re g is te re d )
M anufacturing

m

8
------ T ~

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.
a W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 18 at $140 to $145; 15 at $145 to $155; 24 at $155 to $165; 8 at $165 and o v e r .
3 A ll w ork e rs w ere at $145 to $150.




NOTE:

Data fo r nonm anufacturing do not include inform ation for departm ent and
lim ite d -p ric e variety s to r e s; the rem ain der o f retail trade is app ropriately
rep resen ted in data for all industries com bined and fo r nonm anufacturing.

1

2
2

.

_

_

9
T a b le

A -3 :

M a in te n a n c e

and

P o w e r p la n t O c c u p a t i o n s

(Average hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in St. Louis, M o., by industry division, November 1957)
NUMBER OF W0RKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS 0 F -

Num
ber
of
worker*

Occupation and industry d ivision

Avenge
hourly . Under
earning* $
1 . 80

644
STS

$
2 .6 3
2 .6 2

________ _
_
__

1,639
1,486

2.77
2 .7 6

401
298

2 .6 4
2 .7 1

452
329

2 .4 0
2. 38

80
and
under
1.90

16

F irem en , stationary b o i l e r ___________ ___
M anufacturing
_______________________ >____

1.

-

E n gin eers, s ta tio n a r y _______________________ _
M anufacturing ____________ _________________

$

C a rp enters, m aintenance
_____
M anufacturing
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
E lectricia n s , m a in te n a n ce __ ____
M anufacturing
_
_

H elp ers, tra d es, m a in te n a n ce_________________
M anufacturing
_________________ ____ ____
Nonmanufacturing ____ _____ ____
P u blic utilities"f
__ ___ ____________ _

1,845
1,729
116
106

M ach in e-tool o p era to rs , to o lr o o m
__
____
M anufacturing _______________________________

801
506

M achinists, m a in te n a n ce ____ _________________
M anufacturing

1,403
1 ,2 6 !

M ech an ics, autom otive (m aintenance) ____ „
M anufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
___________
__________
P u blic u t ilit ie s ! ________________________

_

2

2. 50

. 20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2

2

8

-

*52
23

3
“

8

19
19

34
24

50
50
-

95
81
14
14

2

_

_
-

1
------ 1-----

_
-

-

9
3

. 82
. 82 “

_
-

-

M illw r ig h t s _________________
____ ___
__
M anufacturing ____
____ __ ________

668

2. 73

_

555—

2771

461
462

2. 27
2 .2 8

354

1
1

51

18
13

19
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_

21
21

37
37

84
71

30
27

17
17

33
25

Zb

310
190—

393
329
64
64

188
181
7
7

101
166

529
529
-

54
54
-

_
"

_
-

4
4
-

20

21

30
30

245
245

12
12

"

_

20

18

18
2

16

75
75

35
30
5
-

76
71

24
24
-

_

_
-

5
_
-

63
63

36
— IS

_

_

_

-

-

------ 12

S heet-m etal w o rk e rs , m a in te n a n c e __________
M anufacturing
_ __ _____ ____ ____ ___

2.7 3
2 .7 4

_

_

_

"2 1 9 “

2 .8 9

-

2.89

■

18

— rs—




9
9

-

78
78

40
40'

74
“T3------

20

21

_

_

----- 26

21

-

-

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

323
325

128
125

449
364

73
71

18
18

_

163
163

_

-

66

40
32

365
29
336
322

99

15
51
51

79
50

63
13
50
36

14
14
-

5
5
"

5
5
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

391
“ 355
23
23

193
164
29

116

40
40
-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

238
“ 215 —

122
122

_

4
4

80
80

42
42

_

_

"

-

_

_
"

_

-

-

—

1

142
142
47
47
37

6

8
8

96

272

92

265

4
4

7
4

4
104
------ i ---- — rs?

20

24

21

------51

22
----- 2 2

------2 1

— 21

81

14

57

112

4
4

8

25
— 25—

92
------ 55

-

l

102

10

-

------To“

3

2

14
14

61

-

61

-

9
9

-

-

33

-

-

-

-

33

28
28

-

-

"

'

1

37
37

290

93

414

155

138
138

19
19

15
15

29
29

8

8

121
121

342
342

530

103
103

35

-----55

_

_

_

13

6

-

-

10

6

_

_

_

_

-

■

~

118

— 177“ ' 2 9 6 " " ------93
42
42
15
15

76

76
48

48

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for department and
limited-price variety stores; the remainder of retail trade is appropriately
represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

536

-

-

49
49

37

78
T S -------

10

27
27

------IT

“

2

1

5
5

-

2

------ 56“ — n — ------52“ — 99

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Workers were distributed as follows: 9 at $ 1.20 to $ 1. 30; 19 at $ 1. 30 to $ 1.40; 8 at $ 1. 50 to $ 1. 60; 3 at $ 1. 60 to $1.7 0; and 13 at $ 1.70 to $ 1. 80.
All except 5 workers were at $ 1. 70 to $ 1. 80.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

NOTE:

13
3

63
60

■

3 .4 0

15
15

18
16

25
25

16

-

3. 30

69
56

2
2

r i 9—

2 .7 6
2 .7 6

153
92
------92“ “ i n —

3 .2 0

$
3 .40
and

------27

13

-

77275—

1

3. 30

221
220

11
2
-

49

P ip e fitte r s , maintenance
___________ ___
M anufacturing ______________________________

l

67

3 .2 0

6

_

16

“

23
----- 2 0 “

3. 10

81

16

1

_

27
27

44
42

1

_

55
— ?r“

7
-------r _

11

__

39
59

27
24

12

_

2

50
35

1

_

43
40

366
“ 155

------- 1

M anufacturing

224
103

164
157

39
39
39

_

128
123

77
77

_
"

-

361
359

38
35

-

1, 187
1, 167

-

27
24

7

Tool and die m a k e r s __________________________

-

1

2 . 62

222

3. 10

64
64

3

2 .6 2

1,263

3. 00

46
46

13

"

m

2 .9 0

12

15
— n r~

28
-----y j—

. 80

2

8

63
15

$

32
29

2. 70
156
“ 153----

43
------46“

$

$

3. 00

168
165

3
3

6

$
2 .9 0

23
23

3
3

"

$
2 .8 0

58
57

-----215

-

O ile r s
__
M anufacturing
. .

8

8

60

$
2 .7 0

. 60

24
23

6
6

_

.

$
2

22
20

-

-

$

2 .4 0

8

87
87
-

$

2. 30

_

10

$

2 .2 0

8

$

10

-

2. 54
2. 54
2. 52
2 .6 5

427

JL J l ___
Q

.

l
"

597

P a in te r 8, m a in ten a n ce ______ __ ___
_ _
_
M anufacturing
__
__
__ _ __

2

"

1,408
I7T23
85
43

_ _ _

00

8

2.4 6
2. 58
2 .4 4
2 .4 3

M ech an ics, m aintenance _______________________
M anufacturing _ ___ ___
________ ____ _
________ __
Nonm anufacturing ____
P u blic u t ilit ie s ! _____
— _ ____________
»_

.

$

9

2.6 2

803
141

2

$

-

2 .6 2

662

2 .0 0

$

5

-

2 .3 0 2. 31
2 . 16
2 .2 3

2
2

_

$
1.90

“
-

10
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s t o d ia l a n d

M g te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s

(Average hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in St. Louis, M o., by industry division, November 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

.. ....
E levator op e r a to r s , passen ger (m en)
N on m an u factu rin g___________________________
___
F in a n c e !!

216
181
114

E levator o p era tors , p assen ger (wom en) , . ..
N onm anufacturing
_ __
F in a n c e !!
.

205
rss
55

1. 18
1. 15
1. 15

323
23
-

91
86
J3

39
39
38

12
12
4

Guards ._
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
F in a n c e !!

978
857
121
112

2. 00
2. 68
1.39
1. 38

-

25
25
25

14
14
8

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs (men)
M anufacturing
_
.
......
Nonmanufacturing
____ ___ __
___ __
Pu blic u t ilit ie s !
W holesale trade _________________________
F in a n c e !!

4, 505
2 ,946
1, 559
249
234
400

1. 58
1.73
1.29
1.78
1. 57
1. 14

164
164
-

529
102
427
2
4
147

287
30 "
257
26
158

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs (wom en) ____
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u tilitie s ! _________________________
F in a n c e !!
__ __

1, 044
346
698
104
420

1.26
1. 50
1. 15
1. 52
1. 11

66
66
-

295
36
259
200

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u tilitie s !
W holesale trade ______

______________

6, 832
5, 025
1, 807
682
728

1.91
1.89
1.95
2. 08
1.86

31
9
- ------I T
20
9
4
-

__ __ ____

__

2, 346
1, 102
1, 244
749

1.92
1. 87
1.96
1.98

_
-

_
47
- ---- 31“
16
8

P a ck e rs , shipping (men)
M anufacturing _________________ __ _________
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale t r a d e _________ __
__ __ __

992
603
389
322

_
-

O rder f ille r s
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale t r a d e _____

..........

P a ck e rs shipping ( w o m e n ) _____________________
M anufacturing

S
Average
$
$
hourly ,
1. 00
1. 10 *1.20 1. 30
earnings Under and
$
under
1. 00
1.20
1. 30 1.40
1. 10
$
_
71
1.22
12
3
109
1. 13 65
101
3
12
1. 17
7
95
12
-

1. 86
— 1755“
1. 83
1. 85

427
1. 58
— r n — — T 75T ~

6
-

$ ,
1. 60

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1.90

1. 50

1.60

1.70

2. 00

2. 00

$
2. 10

2. 10

2 .2 0

1.90

3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

18
-

_
-

6
5
-

7
7
-

8
6
-

.
-

15
6

_
-

4
4
-

_
-

21
21
21

10
10
10

12
12
12

10
2
8
8

45
39
6
6

135
122
13
13

13
12
1
1

99
91
8
8

179
58
121
3
12
65

189
88
101
7
39
24

217
676
164 " 6 l4
53
62
7
8
27
10
4
-

481
353
128
81
39
2

586
530
56
10
29
-

172
135
37
29
8
-

258
22
236
215

37
17
20
6
5

52
35
17
7

112
61
51
46
-

97
54
43
43
-

34
34
_
-

16
12
4
_

45
28
17
4

24
24
8

87
67
20
8
12

22 0 779
207 "696""
13
83
5
1
8
82

286
270
16
10

1081
835
246
1
242

49
29
20
16

23
14
9
9

55
14
41
20

151
97
54
37

84
4o
44
12

259
179
80
25

16
51
1
- ------ T - — ? r
1
8
9
8
8

43
22
21
21

24
— nr
12
12

89
20
69
53

34
28

18
-----15“

5
1

-

6
-

2. 06
2. 00
1.94

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

Shipping cle r k s
...
M anufacturing _
____ _______ ____ __
Nonmanufacturing
_ ... .
W holesale t r a d e __________________________

363
237
126
95

2. 11
2. 18
1.98
2. 01

_
"

_
“

_
■

_
-

_
“

—

51
49
2
2
-

163
163

7
18
r ------5 ~
13
13
_
-

_
-

"

'

2. 50

2 .4 0

1. 50
2 .6 0

2. 60

$
2. 70

$
$
2. 80 $2. 90 3. 00
and
3. 00

over

_
-

_ '
_
_

-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

_
_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

12
12
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

_
-

-

.
-

"

"

“

"

■

■

17
13
4
4

1
1
■

3
3
"

6
6
■

-

-

-

2
2
-

23
19
4
4

-

3
3
“

10
10
"

2
2
"

5
5

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

_
_
-

_
.
-

.
-

_
_
-

.
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

126
123
3
-

223
223
-

115
115
-

61
6l
-

35
35
-

27
27
-

7
7
-

_
-

529
454'
75
47
27
-

181
120
61
55
6
"

162
148
14
5
-

80
78
2
2
-

31
31
-

33
32
1
-

_
-

9
9
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

22
22
-

1
1
-

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

729
5?7~
182
70
13

968
775
230
27
175

853
569
284
142
79

1016
?5 o
556
408
46

279
264
15
15
“

189
122
67
2
23

_
-

12
12
12

47
34
13
3
10

165
165
-

386
193
193
111

217
89
128
110

223
40
183
82

577
369
208
87

226
226
209

28
28
9

_
-

4
4
4

17
7
10
10

94
190
138
35
22 ~ W ~ — w r — R T
13
45
57
49
24
47
4
40

46
36
10
10

146
124
22
22

46
15
31
31

36
31
5
5

32
32
32

5
5
5

-

-

_
-

-

■

120
116
70
78 ----- 55“ -------IF
54
30
42
24
10
22

68
58
10
4

63
56
7
4

33
21
12
10

37
33
4
4

86
----- T i­

28
24

-

63
60

11
10

20
16
4
4

65
----- Y T
28
21

5
5
5

20
3
17
4

45
-----3 T
11
9

ll

18
8

82
38
44
33

75
46
29
26

See footnotes at end of table.
f
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




$
2 .4 0

2 .3 0

2. 30

1. 80

_
-

585
382
203
116

NOTE:

2 .2 0

_
"

R eceivin g c l e r k s ____
____
___ ______
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
W holesale trade

Z7W ~

V 40

$
1. 50

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for department and
limited-price variety stores; the remainder of retail trade is appropriately
represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

21
21
-

2 .9 0

-

11
T a b le

A -4 :

C u s t o d ia l

and

M a te r ia l

M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t i o n s - C o n tin u e d

(Average hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in St. Louis, M o., by industry division, November 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Shipping and receivin g c le r k s
___________
M anufacturing _ ____
___
__
------------Nonmanufacturing
____ __ ________
Whole sale trade _ ............... ... _

405
267
138
99

T ru ck d river s 4
__ __
„
___ __
______ ____ __
M anufacturing __________
___ _ __
Nonmanufacturing
__ ___
P u blic u tilitie s I ____
_ __
_ __
____
W holesale t r a d e __ __ ___
T r u ckdriver s, light (under
t o n s ) _____ _
M anufacturing _ ____
_
____
Nonmanufacturing
__
__ _ __ __

$
Average
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
hourly 2
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.40
1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80
earnings Under 1. 00
and
$
under
1. 00
1.20
1. 30 1.40
1. 10
1. 50 1.60
1. 7 0 1. 80 1.90
$
2.
2.
2.
2.

04
04
05
05

■

_

-

-

19
l9
■

2, 856
851
2, 005
1, 167
482

2. 36
2 .4 5
2. 32
2. 33
2.37

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

208
131
77

2. 18
2.2 1
2. 13

_
-

_
_

_
"

T r uckdriver s, m edium (l^g to and
including 4 tons)
__ _________________
M anufacturing _______ ______ _ __ _____
N on m an u factu rin g_______________________
P u blic u tilitie s!
W holesale trade _
___ __ __

1, 069
593
571
240
221

2. 36
2. 51
2 .2 4
2 .2 4
2 .2 8

"

-

T ru ck d riv e rs , heavy (over 4 tons,
t r a ile r type)
__ ___ __ __
M anufacturing _____________ __ ______
Nonmanufacturing
___
___ __
P u blic utilities-j_____
____
W holesale trade
_ _
_

1, 071
114
957
505
242

2. 39
2. 55
2. 37
2. 36
2.46

-

2.
2.
2.
2.

11
10
15
16

_
"

2. 02
2. 01

"

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) _ ___
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________ _____________ __ _
N on m an u factu rin g__________________________
W holesale trade _ __
__ __
T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than fo rk lift)
M anufacturing _ ______________ ________
v a tc h m e n __ __ __ „
V
M anufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u t ilit ie s !
F i n a n c e f !__ __

________
________ _
__ __ __ __ ___ ___ __
________ ________
_________ ____
_ __ __
_ __

1,456
TT3T5---138
90
345
333
1, 532

—

889
80
53

1.42
~TTT3~
1.20
1.70
1. 18

-

2. 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2 .7 0

2. 80

2 .9 0

3

2
2
2

2
2
2

$
$
$
2. 70 2. 80 2. 90

14
2
12
12

23
20
3
3

27
20
7
"

3
2

7
7
-

5
4
1
1
-

12
3
9
1
-

96
41
55
11
44

69
33
36
4
31

165
81
84
30
32

342
125
217
11
44

1401
73
1328
1051
128

47
11
36
3
33

104
72
32
32

365
183
182
44
138

_
-

5
5
■

4
4
■

8
8

35
34
1

45
19
26

18
18

_
“

_
“

49
43
6

_
“

8
8
3
-

-

2
2
-

1
1
1
-

3
2
1
1
-

88
30
116
41 ------IT- ------ JT
11
83
47
4
11
30
7
31
36

150
63
87
7
-

316
53
263
172
88

36
36
3
33

_

106
80
26
26

-

"

-

-

-

-

3
3
“

104
104
40

664
17
647
461
40

2
2
"

94
32
32

-

11
11
•

137
137
•

24
23
1
1

28
28
"

128
85
43
4

233
233
-

188
140
48
48

23
23
■

38
34

1
1

22
13
9

_
~

-

-

8
8
8
-

-

-

-

.
~

.
•

■

_

.

•

~

140

515
35
480

44
44
66
40
26
10

118

117

53
14

49
4

6r ■
7

63
52
11
6

-

15
45
15 ------ 45

56

“ T T ”—

1

14
8
- ----- IT"
8
1

24
24
24

108
230
182
97 — 2 l¥ '” 1 T
F
16
15
11
16
6
11

17
4
17 ------?

Data limited to men workers, except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for pvertime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Workers were distributed as follows: '5 at $0.60 to $0.70; 12 at $0.80 to $0.90; and 6 at $0.90 to $ 1.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




$
2. 60

111
88
23
23

15
12
3

1
1
2
3
4
■
f
ft

$
2. 50

28
19
9
4

_
-

7

$
2 .4 0

28
11
17
7

-

-

$
2. 30

26
20
6
"

8
8
3

88
36
52
-

$
2 .2 0

21
17
4
4

30
13
17
8
-

-

$
2. 10

42
7
35
29

12
8
4

140
4
35

$
2. 00

45
34
11
11

-

.

26
26

$
1. 90

120
n r
6
6

121

— n r
6
6

41
11
115
113 -------- 51— n r
3

-

3
3

18
3
15
12

13
9
4

-

33
22
22 -----3 3 "

-

3. 00

$
3. 00
and
over

1
1
“

1
1
-

.
-

.
"

_
-

_
“

_
-

24
24
-

181
161
-

-

-

180
30
150
44
106

■

■

~

"

28
28
~

46
42
4
4

70
70
-

_
■

20
20
-

_
“

8
8

_

5
5

l

.

_

1

“

“

_

_

62

13

-

io

3
3

_

-

24
181
24 ~ i w r
■
■

.

_

-

-

-

-







B:

E s ta b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

T a b le

and

B -1 :

S u p p le m e n ta r y

S h ift

W age

13

P r o v is io n s

D iffe r e n tia ls 1
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—

(a)
In establishments having
formal provisions for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Total

................................................................................................

Third or other
shift

Under 5 cents
_ ............. .. ....
5 cents
....
.........
....... .
6 cents _
........... ........________
...
. _
__
7 cents .....
8 cents
........
9 cents _ ___ _______________ __ __________________
10 cents ______ ____________________________________
11 cents
12 cents ___________ __ ______________ ___________
15 cents __________________ _________________________
Over 1 5 cents _______________________ ______________
__ _

_

3 percent ___________________________________________
5 percent
_ _
_
7 percent ________ __________________ ______________
7/2 percent _________________________________________
8 percent ____________________ ______ ___ _________
10 percent____
_ _ ____
__ _ _
12V percent _______________________________________
2
13 percent ___________
___ __ ____________ __
15 percent __
Over 15 percent__________
__
_
_

_

_

No shift pay differential___________________________________

90.9

89. 1

18.4

8. 1

89. 1

18.4

8. 1

51. 2

Uniform cents (per hour)

Other2 _

Second shift

90.9

With shift pay differential __

Uniform percentage

Third or other
shift work

(b)
Actually working on—

48. 7

10. 2

6. 1

3.6
17. 0
6 .6
.5
3. 7
3. 1
13. 8
.6
1. 2
1. 0

_

.

.
3. 6
2. 1
4. 3
22.9
.3
6.9
5. 3
3. 2

1. 1
3. 1
1.4
*
.9
.8
2. 5
.1
.3

1. 1
_
.1
.6
2. 0
*
.9
.9
.5

33.9

19. 5

7. 1

.4

.6
8. 1
10. 2
2. 0
3.6
9 .4
-

_
.6
1. 2
.3
13. 8
.7
1. 2
1. 1
.6

.2
.7
3. 6
.3
.6
1. 7
-

.
.3
*
-

5. 8

20.9

1.0

1. 6

“

_

■
'

'

1 Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on late shifts
at the time of the survey. An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following conditions: (l) Op­
erated late shift at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
2 Includes such combination plans as full day's pay for reduced hours plus a paid lunch period; full day's pay for reduced
hours plus a flat sum; and full day's pay for reduced hours plus a cents-per-hour or percentage differential.
* Less than 0. 05 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, St. Louis, Mo. , November 1957
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

14
Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—

Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

All
schedules

230

Establishments studied------------- ----------------------

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of—

All
industries

104

40

XXX

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

All
schedules

37 %

126

All
industries

All
schedules

40

XXX

XXX

1

230

$37.
and
$ 4 0 . 00 and
$ 4 7 . SO and
$4S. 00 and
$ 4 7. SO and
$ S 0 . 00 and
$ S7. SO and
$ SS. 00 and
$ S 7 . SO and
$ 6 0 . 00 and
$ 6 7 . SO and
.*fe6S. 0 0 a n d

nndf»r
undp.r
tin d er
tin d e r
tin d e r
tin d e r
tin d er
tin d er
tin d er
tin d er
under
over

$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 7 . SO
$ 4 S . 00
$ 4 7 . SO
$ SO. 00 . ..
$ S 7 . SO
$ SS. 00
$ S7. SO .
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 7 . SO
$ 6 S . 00

133
.. ....

.. .........
.. _

68

1

59

65

8
3
1
1
2
1

47

16
21
17
11
12
12
8
2
5
4

5
10
7
9
6
9
8
7
1
2
3

5
8
6
8
6
8
6
6
1
2
3

19
6
14
8
5
3
4
1
1
3
1

_
_
_
_

14
3
10
5
3
2
4
1
1
3
1

Establishments having no specified minimum _

66

27

XXX

39

XXX

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this catesorv

31

9

XXX

22

XXX

X XX

........... .
_
.. _ .. _. ..
_ ....
________ _
.
_ _
_ ...... _ ....
.
___
.................
__
.
..

..

. .

. ...

. .

24

104

40

XXX

All
schedules

126

37V2

XXX

40

XXX

FOR OTHER INEXPERIENCED CLERICAL WORKERS 3

FOR INEXPERIENCED TYPISTS

F '.s ta h lis h m e n ts h a v in a a s n e c i f i e d m in im u m

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of—

143

66

4
33
19
20
17
11
12
7
2

1
7
9
7
9
5
8
6
7
1

4

5
8
7
8
4
7
5

77

8

57

3

58

2

26
10
13
8
6

3
_

1
2.0
5
10
5
6
3
3
_
1
3
_

4

1
2
4

3
_
1
3
_

_
2
_
1
_
_
_
_
_

68

28

XXX

40

XXX

XXX

19

10

XXX

9

XXX

XXX

9

5

2

7

4

1 Lowest salary rate formally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks reported.
3 Rates applicable to messengers, office girls, or similar subclerical jobs are not considered.




Occupational Wage Survey, St. Louis, M o., November 1957
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for department and
limited-price variety stores; the remainder of retail trade is appropriately
represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

15

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Weekly hours

All
2
industries

All workers __________________________________
Under 37V2 hours ____________________________
37V hours ___________________________________
2
Over 37 V and under 40 hours ______________
2
40 hours ____________________________________
Over 40 and under 44 hours __________________
44 hours _____________________________________
Over 44 hours___ __________________________
1
2
3
**
t
ft

Estimates for office workers are not
Includes data for retail trade (except
Includes data for retail trade (except
Less than 0. 5 percent.
Transportation (excluding railroads),
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

.
|

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Wholesale
trade

Finance

‘| ’
”t

All
3
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

5
9
5
80
**
1
**

2
8
3
87
**

4
2
4
90
1
"

9
1
90
■

17
17
13
53
■

2
4
**
88
3
1
2

_______________

100

1
5

-

Wholesale
trade

100

-

-

-

-

88
3
1
2

96
2
2

97
3
-

■

communication, and other public utilities,

Overtime Pay Practices

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

All worke rs ________________

100

Public .
utilities T

comparable with earlier studies. See Introduction, p. 2.
department and limited-price variety stores), and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
department and limited-price variety stores), real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.

Table B-4;

Overtime policy

Manufacturing

All
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities y

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

57
56
5
51

72
72
6
65

63
63
63

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
All
2
industries -

Manufacturing

Public
utilitiesJ

Wholesale

100

100

100

100

100

8
8
4
4
-

93
93
5
87
**
**

98
98
6
92
_
_

96
96
_
94
2
_

84
81
_
81
_
3

Finance j--}’

DAILY OVERTIME
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay3 _____________________________
Time and one-half _______________________
Effective after less than 8 hours
Effective after 8 hours _______________
Effective after more than 8 hours____
Double time _______________________ ___
Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy__________

-

-

1

-

82
82
3
79
-

43

28

18

37

92

7

2

4

16

98
97
5
92
**
1

100
100
7
93
-

99
99
3
96
-

100
100
1
99
-

99
99
4
96
-

99
99
5
92
2
**

100
100
6
94
_
_

100
100
_
98
2
_

100
97

2

-

**

-

**

1

-

-

-

-

WEEKLY OVERTIME
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay 3
Time and one-half ____________ _______
Effective after less than 40 hours _
Effective after 40 hours______________
Effective after more than 40 h o u rs ___
Double time _________________________ __
Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy____ ___

-

-

97
3

1 Includes data for retail trade (except department and limited-price variety stores), and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for retail trade (except department and limited-price variety stores), real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Graduated provisions are classified to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day would be considered as
time and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37 V and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and one-half after 40 hours.
2
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, St. Louis, Mo. , November 1957
tt Finance, insurance, and real estate.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




16

Table B-5: W age Structure Characteristics and Labor-Management Agreements
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item

A
U
industries1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities f

Wholesale
trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance

All
2
industries *

Manufacturing

Public
utilities f

Wholesale
trade

WAGE STRUCTURE FOR
TIME-RATED WORKERS 3
64

68

86

52

67

63
36

68

84
14

50
48

67
33

1

1

32

2

2

-

95
54
41
5

95
59
36
5

10
0

76
24

Formal rate structure _________________________
Single rate
Range of rates
Individual rates ________________________________

71
29
15
15

99

_

.

-

-

1

95
43
52
5

26
74
*

METHOD OF WAGE PAYMENT
FOR PLANT WORKERS
Time workers
Incentive workers
Piecework
Bonus work _ _
Commission

1
1
1
1
1

_

97
3
3

1
1

LABOR- MANAGEMENT
AGREEMENTS 4
Workers in establishments with agreements
covering a majority of such workers ________

10-14

5-9

75-79

5-9

0-4

95-99

95-99

95-99

|

80-84

i
1 Includes data for retail trade (except department and limited-price variety stores), and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for retail trade (except department and limited-price variety stores), real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Estimates for office workers are based on total office employment, whereas estimates for plant workers are based on time-rated employees only.
4 Estimates relate to all workers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a majority of the workers in their respective category.
The estimates
so obtained are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by provisions of labor-management agreements, due to the exclusion of smaller
size establishments.
| Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, St. Louis, M o., November 1957
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

17

Table B-6; Paid Holidays1
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item
Manufacturing

Public
utilitiest

Wholesale
trade

Finance

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

98

**

-

-

2

2

**
18

AU
,
industries

All workers

, -----

—

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays
__
___
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays______________________________

AU
,
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities'!'

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

100

-

2

-

-

-

NUMBER OF DAYS
Less than 6 holidays
6 holidays _____________________________________
'
6 holidays plus 1 half day
_
_ _
6 holidays plus 2 half days ____________________________
7 holidays __________________________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half day
7 holidays plus 3 half days ____________________
8 holidays _______ _____________________________
8-holidays plus 2 half days ___________________________
9 holidays
__
___________
____
12 holidays
_
_______________ ______

1
23
4
3
39

26

1

2

1
4
52

2
27
**

33

30

-

7

6
46

30

5
55

-

-

-

17

77

13

12

-

-

-

-

3

4
-

1

1

8
2

43

54

-

-

9

2
1

1

37
-

3
-

-

-

.

3

-

**
26
**

-

_

2
33
**
5
41

_

25

-

1

3

1

2

-

-

_

35

10

-

-

-

TOTAL HOLIDAY TIME 4

12 days
9 or more days

________ _
____
_______ _________
_______
____
__
_
____
___
___________________
_ _
_
7 or more days ___________________________________________
6 V or more days _____________ _________________________
2
6 or more days __________________________________________
5V or more days _______________________________________
2
5 or more days __________________________________________
_

8 V or more days
2
8 or more days
7 V or more days
2

*

1
2
2
29
30
72
76
98
98
99

.

4
4
13
15
71
72
98
98

100

_
-

37
37
81
81
99
99

100

_

3

-

-

17
17
73
73
98
98
98

80
80
89
97

100
100
100

_

_

3
3
15

4
4
16
18
70
70
98
99

16

62
63
96
97
98

.

_

_
.

35
35
65
65
98
98

-

|
!

10
10

70
70

100
100
100

100

100

99
13
98
99

100

100

100
100

39

98
62

100
100
100

99
15

100
100
1

100
100

HOLIDAYS5
New Year’s Day _________________________________________
Washington’ s Birthday _________________________________
Decoration Day ___________________________________________
July 4th _ ___
_____________
Labor Day
_
_
___________________
Veterans' Day _____________________________________________
Thanksgiving Day _______________________________________
Christmas __________________________________________________
Good Friday ___________________________________
Day after Thanksgiving __
____________
Floating Holiday__________________________ ___
Half day Christmas Eve _______________________
Half day New Years’ Eve ______________________

99
29
98
99
99
50
99
99
9
5
4

6
2

100

13
98
99

100
41

100
100
11
9

8
7
4

100

37

100
100

98

20

100
79

100
100
100

**
-

98
98
98
38
98
98

21

5
-

1
1

1

99
79

100
100

-

78

100
100
-

10

98
13
96
98
98
37
98
98

12
8
3
7
4

100

100
11

4

8
6

35

_

■

15

35
17
-

5
■

'

1 Estimates relate to holidays provided annually.
2 Includes data for retail trade (except department and limited-price variety stores), and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for retail trade (except department and limited-price variety stores), real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no half days,
6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.
5 Only the holidays or half-day holidays provided to at least 2 percent of the office or plant workers in the area are shown in this tabulation. A few other holidays or half holidays were provided.
**L ess than 0 .5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
Occupational Wage Survey St. Louis, Mo. , November 1957
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




18

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Vacation policy

All workers _

All
.
industries1

.....

Manufacturing

Public
utilities f

Wholesale
trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance f ^

All
2
industries

Public
utilities f

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
**

99
99
-

100
99
**

100
100
_

100
100
_

99
90
9
1

100
98
2

100
100

_

99
91
8
1

**

-

-

-

**

**

-

-

38
4
51
3
3

38
5
53
1
3

45
3
52
_
-

35
13
49
3
-

20
61
10
9

78
10
11
1

79
11
9
1

58
4
'38

46
22
26
7

29
2
69
**
-

22
3
75
-

79
1
20
-

37
_
61
2
-

99

11
1
87
**
1

11
2
85
2

6
93
**
-

16
_
82
2
"

100
-

4
94
**
1

7
90
2

**
99

**
-

97
2
-

100
-

_
93
2
5

_
95
1
5

_
99
**
-

98
2
-

_
87
6
7

METHOD OF PAYMENT
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations ............. , _____
Length-of-time payment
Percentage payment
___
Other __
Workers in establishments providing no
paid vacations . __ ___

_

AMOUNT OF VACATION PAY
After 6 months of service
No provision
Less than 1 week
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks

_

_ ._ _

.. _
_

:

-

After 1 year of service
1 week
_ ..
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____________________
2 weeks
_ ..
...
Over 2 and under 3'weeks ____________________
3 weeks

**

-

86
1
11
1
1

88
1
9

80
2
17

1

-

63
2
31
1
3

70
3
22
1

16
_
84
-

34
3
60
3
"

23
7
66
1

29

2
92

3

3

2
98
-

1
94
2

1
94
1
4

_
100

>
97

66
31
3
|

After 2 years of service
1 week
....... ^
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks____________________
2 weeks
. .
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------

_

3

After 3 years of service
1 week
_ ....
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ _
2 weeks
_
.
_ ........ .
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s___________________
3 weeks -------------------------- --------------------------------

_

9

57
1

3
3

-

After 5 years of service
Under 2 weeks
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks ....

See footnotes at end of table.
f
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




NOTE:

3

-

-

Occupational Wage Survey, St. Louis, M o ., November 1957
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of time, "
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week*s pay.

3

19

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
PE C N O O IC W R E S EM YED IN
R E T F FF E O K R
PLO
—
Vacation policy

A
ll
in u s
d strie

x

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb .
u lic
u
tilitie t
s

PE C N O P
R E T F LAN W R E S EM LO D IN
T OKR
P YE
—

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

F a cet t
in n

A
ll 2
in u ie
d str s

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

Pb .
u lic
u
tilitie t
s

AMOUNT OF VACATION PAY - Continued
After 10 years of service
Under 2 w eeks__________________ ______ ___
2 w e e k s_______ _______________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
___ ____ __ ___
3 weeks
_ _ _

_
70
4
26

_
73
2
24

_
65
**
35

_
78
3
19

_
68
12
21

!
68
9
22

1
68
11
20

_
53
47

_
80
7
14

16
**
80
4

_
6
88
5

_
9
91
-

_
37
2
61
-

_
22
71
8

1
11
1
84
2

1
4
1
90
3

_
1
-

_
37
3
60
-

_
14
**
73
1
12

_
6
82
1
10

_
9

_
31
2
52

_
17

1
11
1
76
1
10

1
4
1
83
2
9

1
11
1
62
3
22

1
4
1
68
4
21

After 15 years of service
Under 2 weeks________________________________
2 weeks _
..
.................
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks____________________
3 weeks ______________ _______
______ ___
........ ...........
........... —
4 weeks
_

99
-

After 20 years of service
Under 2 weeks ___________ ____ ____ ______ _
2 weeks ____ __ _______ __ ___________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks___________________
3 weeks
___
__
Over 3 and under 4 weeks __________________
4 weeks______

-

58

-

72

-

-

33

15

10

6

_
9

-

-

_
28
2
48
22

9
68
24

1
-

59
40

!
i
!
!

_
3C
3
60

After 25 years of service
Under 2 weeks
2 weeks __ ____________ ___________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks___________________
3 weeks ______________ ______ _________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks __________________
4 w eeks___ ________________________________

_
12
**
64
1
23

-

69
1
23

50

**
40

-

1

1
40
-

30
3
59

-

59

7

1
1 Includes data for retail trade (except department and lim ited -p rice variety stores), and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for retail trade (except department and lim ited -p rice variety stores), real estate, and services in addition to tnose industry divisions shown separately.
** L ess than 0.5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




20

Table B-8: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Type of plan

All
industries

Manufacturing

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKER8 EMPLOYED IN—

Public
utilities f

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

Financeff

All
,
industries

Public
utilities f

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

Manufacturing

.......
All workers

•Workers in establishments providing:
Life insurance________________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance ___________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 3 _________________
Sickness and accident insurance__
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) __________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) __________________
Hospitalization insurance ____________
Surgical insurance ___________________
Medical insurance ____________________
Catastrophe insurance _______________
Retirement pension __________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan

100

100

94

97

93

93

99

93

95

100

89

56

71

20

77

27

69

73

41

66

77
52

84
68

96
24

81
53

52
28

92
81

94
88

100
47

80
59

53

58

40

57

49

20

18

32

57

6
75
76
68
23
78
2

1
91
90
81
28
81
1

47
53
53
47
27
82
3

3
81
81
76
10
61
3

**
49
58
54
25
89
**

9
87
85
71
12
67
3

7
93
90
76
13
71

36
69
69
50
17
93

7
75
75
60
11
68
11

1 Includes data for retail trade (except department and limited-price variety stores), and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for retail trade (except department and limited-price variety stores), real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Unduplicatedtotal of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
** Less than 0.5 percent.
■ Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, St. Louis, Mo. , November 1957
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

Appendix: Job Descriptions

21

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area. This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau*s job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau*s field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O ffic e

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc. Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ments business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers. This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

22

CLERK,

FILE

Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

TECHNICAL

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

23
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

P r ofessional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools ,as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

a nd

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

24
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

M a in t e n a n c e

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

n d Po we r p la n t

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one~engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific qr general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

25

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance'
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning ana laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
part8 to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

26
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out ail types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtoois in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker;

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.

fixture maker; gauge maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtoois and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

27
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
custom ers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under IV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (lVa to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy lover 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (othei* than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1958 O -455126




Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 17 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C., or from any of the regional sales offices shown.

Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Seattle, Wash., August 1957 - B L S Bull. 1224-1, price 20 cents
Boston, Mass., September 1957 — B L S Bull. 1224-2, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102