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SIOUX FALLS, SOUTH DAKOTA
OCTOBER 1962

Bulletin No. 1345-13




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SIOUX FALLS, SOUTH DAKOTA




OCTOBER 1962

Bulletin No. 1345-13
December 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 2 5 , D.C. - Price 20 cents




P reface

Contents
Page
Introduction _________________________________________________________________

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual occu­
pational wage surveys in major labor markets.
These
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits.
Information on related supple­
mentary benefits is obtained biennially in most of the labor
m arkets.

Tables:
1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ___________

A:

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women _______________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men _____________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined _______________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations ________
A - 5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations __

A prelim inary report which presents earnings
trends for selected occupational groups and average earn­
ings in selected jobs is released within a month after
the completion of the study in each area.
This bulletin
provides additional data not included in the preliminary
report.

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions _____________________________________

A two-part summary bulletin, is issued after the
completion of all of the area bulletins for a round of su r­
veys (for the current round of surveys, the first part of
this bulletin will be available late in 1963 and the second
part early in 1964).
The first part presents individual
labor market data.
The second part presents data r e ­
lating to all metropolitan areas in the United States.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau’s r e ­
gional office in Chicago, 111. , by Kenneth Thorsten, under
the direction of Elliott A . Browar. The study was under
the general direction of Woodrow C s Linn, Assistant R e­
gional D irector for Wages and Industrial Relations.




* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other major
areas. See inside back cover.
Union sca les, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are also available for seven selected building trades in the
Sioux Falls area.

iii

1

2

3
3
in 4^ 4^

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program

7




Occupational Wage Survey— Sioux Falls, S. Dak.
Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e workers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude p re­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted
because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupa­
tions studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication
criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed are largely due to
(1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among industries and
establishments; (2) differences in specific duties performed, although
the occupations are appropriately classified within the same survey
job description; and (3) differences in length of service or merit
review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer
average service of men would result in higher average pay when
both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job descrip­
tions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usually
more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E sti­
mates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial m ove­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study are
listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of the
occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -s e r ie s
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is p o ssi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -se r ie s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected biennially in
this area.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for in­
experienced women office workers; shift differentials; scheduled
weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans are presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in previous
bulletins for this area.

1

2




T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin scop e of su rv e y and num ber studied in Sioux F a l ls , S. D a k .,1 by m a jo r in du stry d iv is io n , 2 O c to b e r 1962
N u m b er of e sta b lish m e n ts
In d ustry d iv isio n

W ithin scope
of study 1
3
2
4

Studied

W o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin scope
of study *

Studied

________________________________________________________

53

51

9 , 200

8, 900

M an ufactu ring ______________________________________________________
N on m an ufactu ring _________________________________________________
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other
public u tilitie s 5 ___________________________________ ____ ______
W h o le sa le tra d e 6 ______________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e 6 ____________________________________________________
F in a n c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e s t a t e 6 ____________________
S e r v ic e s 6’ 7 ______________________________________________________

17
36

16
35

4 , 700
4 , 500

4 , 500
4 , 400

11
7
14
3
1

11
7
13
3
1

2, 000
500
1, 500
300
200

2, 000
500
1, 400
300
200

A ll d iv isio n s

1 The Sioux F a lls Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s of M innehaha County. The "w o r k e r s within scope of stu d y " e s t im a t e s shown
in this table p rovid e a r e a so n a b ly a c c u r a te d e sc r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n of the labor fo r c e included in the su rv e y .
The e s t im a t e s a r e not
intended, h o w ev er, to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r iso n with other em p loym en t in dexes fo r the a r e a to m e a su r e em p loym en t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce
(1) planning of w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e sta b lish m e n t data co m p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p eriod stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll
e sta b lish m e n ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the scop e of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d edition of the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n M an ual w as u sed in c la ssify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u str y d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll e s ta b lish m e n ts with to ta l em p lo y m en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s). A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a r e a ) of c o m p a n ie s
in
such in d u str ie s as tra d e , fin a n c e, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e c on sid ere d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clud es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lish m e n ts with to ta l em p loym en t (w ithin the a rea ) at or above the m in im u m
lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp o r ta tio n w e r e exclu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S ep a ra te p r e se n ta tio n
of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e of the follow in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data
to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep arate p resen tation , (3) re sp o n se w as in su ffic ie n t or inadequate to
p e r m it sep a ra te p r e se n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e of in dividu al esta b lish m en t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r so n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom ob ile re p a ir sh o p s; m otion p ic tu r e s; nonprofit m e m b e r sh ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en gin eerin g
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

A: Occupational Earnings

3

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry d ivision, Sioux F a lls , S. D ak ., October 1962)
Average
Sex, occupation, and in du stry d ivision

N U M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E C E IV IN G ST R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

Number

of

workers

Weeklyj
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

1 0 .00 1 5 .0 0
and
under
45.00 50.00

1 0 .0 0

$
$
1
55.00 *60.00 *65.00 $70.00 75.00 *80.00 $85.00 *90.00 * 9 5 .0 0 *100.00 *105.00 $ 10.00 *115.00 *120.00 *125.00 *130.00 ^35.0 0
and

55.00

65.00

60.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

9 5 .00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 over

90 .00
i

Men
-------------------

20

40.0

$ 101.50

_

B ook keep ing-m achin e o p e r a to r s,
c la s s B ____________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________

28
22

40.0
40 .0

55.50
53.50

-

C le r k s, accounting, c la s s A ____________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________

18
15

40 .5
40 .5

74.00
73.00

_

_

-

63
C le r k s, accounting, c la s s B ____________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________ ----- 4S
16
Public u t ilit ie s 2 _____________________

40.0
40.0
40 .0

61 .50
57.50
61.00

3
3

20

40 .5

76.50

C le r k s, accounting, c la s s A

_

_

_

1

1

_

_

3

6

8
8

6
5

6
2

-

1
1

1

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

2
2

3
3

3
1

10
8
2

7
5

-

15
13
3

8
6
5

4
3
3

2
2
1

_

_

2

_

4

3

_

3

1

-

2

2

-

3

1

-

2

-

-

-

~

-

1

W om en

S e c r e ta r ie s __________________________________

—

r ~

10
9
3

14
13
4

88
59
25

40.0
40.0
40 .0

67.50
61.50
67.50

-

____________________

17

40.0

82.00

_

_

T y p ists, c la s s B ___________________________
N onm anufacturing _____________________

40
34

40.0
40.0

57.50
54.50

1
1

13
13

S tenograp h ers, g e n era l ----------------------------Nonm anufacturing --------------------------------Public u t ilit ie s 2 _____________________
S tenograp h ers,

sen ior

-

16
15
5

4
3
2

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

2
1

_

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

2
2
1

4
3
1

1
-

3
-

4
1

-

-

“

“

“

4

2

1

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

“

- ■
~

-

-

9
4
3

"

5
4
2

7
“

4
'

8
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

"

■

”

-

_

_

-

1

_

.

.

.

_

_

“

■

-

-

~

'

1

1

_

3

2

2

2

2

_

1

1

-

1

_

-

-

-

8

1
6
------ 6“

9
5
2

-

-

4
4

2
2

1
1

2
1

1

1

1

.

.

_

_

.

.

_

.

.

------- 5 “

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek for which em ployees rec eiv e their regu lar stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings corresp ond to these w eekly h ours.
2 Tran sportation , com m unication, and other public u tilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Sioux F a lls , S. D ak ., October 1962)
Average
O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of

workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$

Number
Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

Weekly x 8 5 .0 0
and
earnings
(Standard) u n d e r

90 .00

D r a fts m e n , s e n io r
M a n u fa c tu r in g

18
15

4 0 .5
40 .5

$120 .5 0
121.00

2
2

$
90.00
95.00

2
2

$

9 5 .0 0 foo.oo

~
.100.00

$
105.00

$
n o .o o 115.00

105,00 .1 1 0 .0 0 .11 5.00 120.00

2
1

2
2

$
120.00

$
125.00

$
130.00

$
$
$
135.00 140.00 145.00

150.00

$
$
155.00 160.00

125.00 .130,00 J 35.00

~
150.00

155.00

160.00. 165.00

2
1

3
2

140.00

1
1

145.00

1
1

~

2
2

1
1
'

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




“

4

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly earnings for selec te d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., October 1962)

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

Number
of
workers

earnings *
(Standard)

Bookkeeping-m achine o p era to rs, c la ss B _________
Nnnmanufacturing

29
23

$ 5 5 . 00
53. 00

S ec r e ta r ie s ______________________________________________

20

$ 7 6 .5 0

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ____
Nonmanufacturing --------------------

___________________
__ -----------------------

38
28

88. 50
87. 50

S tenograp h ers, general _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________________________

88
59
25

67. 50
61. 50
67. 50

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B _________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________________________

76
58
20

66 . 00
64. 00
63. 50

S tenograp h ers, sen ior

17

82. 00

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry d ivision

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

Number
of

Occupation and in du stry d ivision

AV k T
w£
earnings
(Standard)

40
34

$ 5 7 .5 0
54. 50

18
15

1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0

O ffice occupations— Continued

________________________________

T y p ists, c la ss B __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing

P r o fe ssio n a l and techn ical occupations

D raftsm en , sen ior
Manufacturing

_______________________________________

1 Earnings relate to regu lar stra ig h t-tim e w eekly sa la r ie s that are paid for standard w orkw eeks.
2 T ran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e h ourly earnings for m en in selec te d occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision , Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., October 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
$ ,
hourly ,
1 .6 0
earnings 1
and

$

$

$

M ech an ics, autom otive (m aintenance) _________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
Public u tilities 2 ---------- ------------------------------

34
25
25

$ 2 . 52
2 .4 4
2 .4 4

1. 70

1 .8 0

under
1 .7 0

1. 80

"
1. 90

1
-

1
-

-

$
1. 90
2. 00

1
1
1

E xcludes p rem iu m pay for ove rtim e and for w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
T ran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.




$

$

$

2 .0 0

2. 10

"
2. 10

"
2. 20

2. 30

-

1
1
1

-

2. 20

2. 30

-

$

$
2 .4 0

$

$

$

$

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

■
2 .7 0

”
2 .8 0

2. 90

-

-

-

-

2 .4 0

2. 50

2 .6 0

9
9
9

12
12
12

1
-

2. 80

-

$

$

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

"
3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

-

4
-

4
2
2

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry d ivision , Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., October 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OFNum
ber
of
w
orkers

$
1. 30

$
1. 10

$
1. 20

under
1. 20

“
1. 30

1 .4 0

72
99
54
77

8
1
7
"

4
1
3
"

6
1
5
“

185
98

2. 17
2. 13

_

_

_

O rder f ille r s ________________________________________
M anufacturing __________________________________
N onm anufacturing ______________________________

74
33
41

1. 90
2. 04
1. 78

"

3
3

T r u ck d r iv er s 4 ______________________________________
M anufacturing __________________________________
N onm anufacturing ______________________________

87
27
60

2. 18
2. 25
2. 16

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

“

_

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m ediu m ( I V 2 to
and including 4 tons)
Nonm anufacturing __________________________

57
39

2. 35
2. 34

-

-

-

Occupation 1 and in du stry division
2

J an itors, p o r te r s , and c lea n ers
M anufacturing __________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________________
P ublic u t ilit ie s 3

L a b o r e r s , m a te r ia l handling
M anufacturing

_

___

64
26
38
17

h rly ,
ou
earnin
gs

$1.
1.
1.
1.

_
-

$
1. 50

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 70

$
1 .8 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

“
1 .7 0

”
1. 80

"
1. 90

3
2
1
1

8
2
6
2

8
2
6
6

3
1
2
1

2
2
-

7
5

4
4

8
7

3
2

23
16

10

.
_

1
1

2
2

5
1
4

6
2
4

29
12
17

11
11

-

6
2
4

4
1
3

4
4
~

4
1
3

10
10

5
5

4
2

3
2

-

•
-

2
2

-

$
1 .4 0

-

1 Data lim ite d to m en w o r k e r s.
2 E xclud es p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
3 T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
4 Includes a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le ss of siz e and type of truck operated.




"

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

2. 00

2. 10

5
5
5

_

1
1
-

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

"
2 .4 0

~

2. 20

"
2. 30

$
2. 50

2. 50

2. 60

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

"
3. 00

-

-

3
1
2
2

-

1
1
-

12
12
-

"

-

"

23
14

3
1

56
1

48
48

9
9
"

-

-

-

“

"

'

1
1

11
6
5

.
-

20
20

-

-

8
4

"

-

20
20

.
■

-

-

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

■

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Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A —
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
v oices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

7

8

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A — an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto,
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

9

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class /l —
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under clo s e supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s sp ecified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

10

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
calls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—
Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and com plex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B —
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or sp ecia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little specia l
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spellin g, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma-|
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical'
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B—
Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

11

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
o f a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specification s; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, e le c ­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gen cies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use o f drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies
plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




12

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

13

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties invQlve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

14

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop to o ls, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written s p e cifica tio n s;
using a variety o f tool and die maker's handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and se le ctin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




15

PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type o f container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

R eceiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping'and receiving clerk

16

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l / tons)
l2
Truckdriver, medium ( l / to and including 4 tons)
l2
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1963 O - 670475


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102