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Occupational Wage S u rve y

SEATTLE, WASHINGTON
SEPTEMBER 1963

1385-10




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF TABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SEATTLE, WASHINGTON
SEPTEM BER 1963




B u lle t in N o. 1 3 8 5 -1 0
D ecem ber 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BU REAU O F LA B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew an C la g u o , Com m issioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents

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Contents

P reface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States. A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the move­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor
markets and industry divisions.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups___________________________
Tables:
1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey

2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of change for selected periods.—. . __ _____________

A:
A preliminary report and an individual area bul­
letin present survey results for each labor market studied.
After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for
a round of surveys, a two part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the labor markets
studied into one bulletin. The second part presents infor­
mation which has beenprojected from individual labor m ar­
ket data to relate to economic regions and the United States.
Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Seattle, Wash., in September 1963. It was prepared in
the Bureau's regional office in San Francisco, Calif., by
Robert L. Orr, under the direction of William P. 0*Connor.
The study was under the general direction of John L. Dana,
Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial
Relations.




4

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women_________—____ ____ ____
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
A -3 .

3
5

Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined________________________________
Maintenance and powerplant occupations—___________ ___ __
Custodial and material movement occupations____________

8
9
10

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office w orkers___
B -2. Shift differentials___________________________________________
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours____________________________________

12
13
13

A -4 .
A -5 .

B -5.
B -6.

Paid vacations ——____—— — —________ . ______ _______
Health, insurance, and pension plans_____ -____ ______ ____

Appendix: Occupational descriptions

areas.

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cover.)

Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are
available for the following trades or industries: Building
construction, printing, local-transit operating employees,
and motortruck drivers and helpers.

m

15
17
19




O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y —S ea ttle, W ash.
Introduction

as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings aiid related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant w orkers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment p olicy ,1 presented in terms of total plant
*
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B -2 through B -7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
1 A n establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of die following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors’ fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
2 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave that could be expected by each em ployee.
Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f s u r v e y and nu m ber stu died in S eattle, W ash .,
M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h merits in s c o p e
o f study

W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scop e of
study 3

50
-

——

T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er
p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5-----------------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le tra d e
R e t a il t r a d e ---------—____________ - — ----------------------- — ----------F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ———
—
——
S e r v ic e s 8-------------------------------------------------- —
—
-----------

50
50
50
50
50

Studied

Studied

A ll d iv is io n s
M a n u fa ctu rin g — — — ————— ———— ——— — ———

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

660

In d u stry d iv is io n

b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 S e p tem b er 1963

T o ta l4

O ffic e

Plant

T o ta l4

157

1 8 5 ,6 0 0

3 8 ,4 0 0

1 0 5 ,3 0 0

130, 130

228
432

57
100

1 0 2 ,8 0 0
82, 800

1 9 ,0 0 0
1 9 ,4 0 0

5 9 ,9 0 0
4 5 ,4 0 0

84, 010
4 6 ,1 2 0

66
85
134
70
77

27
13
28
15
17

2 2 ,8 0 0
9, 000
2 9 ,5 0 0
1 3 ,2 0 0
8, 300

9, 900
( 6)
2 4 ,0 0 0
(!)
( 6)

17, 170
2 ,6 9 0
17,000
5 ,9 3 0
3, 330

3 ,6 0 0
(6)
2, 600
(!)
(6)

1 T he S ea ttle S tand ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a c o n s ists o f K ing and S n oh om ish C ou n ties.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly
a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u rv e y . The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em ploym en t
in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva nce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d
stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d e d fr o m the scop e o f the s u rv e y .
2 T he 1957 r e v i s e d ed itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em p lo ym e n t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and other w o r k e r s ex clu d e d f r o m the se p a ra te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w ater tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
B e c a u s e the c it y o f S e a t t le 's e l e c t r i c u t ilitie s and lo c a l
tr a n s it f a c ilit ie s a r e m u n ic ip a lly o p era ted , they are
e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n f r o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s and f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S epa ra te p resen ta tion
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2) the sam ple w as
not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p re se n ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n tire in d u s try d iv is io n a re r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but f r o m the r e a l esta te p o r tio n on ly in
e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S eparate p r e s e n ta tio n o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv en in foo tn o te 6 a bove.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2.

Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n t s o f change 1 f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s , S e a ttle , W ash.
Index
(A ugu st 1960*100)

In du stry and o ccu p a tio n a l group
S e p te m b e r 1963

P e r c e n t s o f change 1
A u gust 1962
to
S e p te m b e r 1963

A u gust 1961
to
A u gust 1962

A u gust 1960
to
A u gu st 1961

A u gu st 1959
to
A u gust I960

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en) —
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w om en )—
S k ille d m aintenance (m en )____________
U n sk ille d plant (m en) -

111.2
111.9
110.1
115.0

3.4
4.3
4.6
5.4

3.5
3.5
2.5
5.5

3.9
3.6
2.7
3.5

2.6
2—1.5
2.4
4.4

M anuf a ctu r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )-------In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )—
S k ille d m aintenance (m en )------------------U n sk ille d plant (m en) - -----

111.1
112.1
109.3
113.3

4.0
4.2
4.7
6.0

3.5
3.9
2.3
3.5

3.3
3.5
2.1
3.2

3.9
2- 1 . 0
2.9
3.2

U n less o th e r w is e indica ted , a ll a r e in c r e a s e s .
T h is d e c lin e la r g e ly r e fle c t s s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t be tw e e n h ig h - and lo w -w a g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts ra th e r than w age d e c r e a s e s .

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is , the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B , and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division , Seattle, W ash. , Septem ber 1963)
Avebaob
Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Num
ber
or
w
orkers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OP

$45
eekly i and
Weekly, W
hours *
(Standard) (Standard) under
$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

over

and

Men
C lerk s , accounting, c la s s A
___ ____
M anufacturing_____ _________ __________
N onm anufacturing __
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2--------_
___

180
64
116
41

39.5 $115.00
4 0 .0
121.50
111.50
39. 5
4 0 .0
113.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

5
-

7
3
4
-

26
8
18
1

22
7
15
8

39
7
32
6

28
— O
22
18

17
5
12
5

14
11
3
-

5
3
2
-

3
2
1
1

9
9

3
3

1
1

-

-

C le r k s , o r d e r ______ _________________ ____

112

4 0 .0

119.50

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

3

-

3

-

19

51

21

3

7

_

_

5

O ffice boys ____ __ _ __ ____ . __ _
N onm anufacturing_ - _____

134
92

4 0 .0
40. 0

68.00
s t io o

_

12

29
19

18
17

26
23

10
8

24
3

6
3

2

5
5

.
-

2
— o

___

95

39. 5

112.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
cla s s B----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing____________ ________

116
56
60

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0

105.00
104.50
105.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

5
5

3
3

3
2
1

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a c h in e )_____
N onm anufacturing _
___
____- P u blic u tilities 2---- — — __ __

116
95
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

86.50
88.00
102.50

-

-

-

15
15
-

11
-

16
14
-

11
11
-

5
-

3
3
-

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m ach in e)—
- - __
. —
N on m a n u fa c tu r in g -__ ____
____ Retail traH»

88
70
58

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

83.50
80.00
80.50

-

*

-

2
2

3
3
3

18
15
15

14
14
9

21
21
17

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A _
_
_ _
N onm anufacturing _
__ __ __ _

107
89

40. 0
4 0 .0

88.50
8 0 S

-

-

-

-

5
5

10
9

19
19

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s R
_ .............
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing _ ____ _____ ___

334
52
282

39 .5
4 0 .0
39.5

76.00
82.00
75.00

~

5
5

22
22

32
6
26

33
2
31

62
7
55

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A ____________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
P u blic u tilities 2_______ _____ _ _
R etail trad e________ —______________

436
64
352
113
74

39. 5
40. 0
39.0
38. 5
4 0 .0

94.00
102.00
92.00
88.50
96.50

-

1
1
1
-

39. 0
4 0 .0
39.0
38. 5
4 0 .0

79.50
91.50
76.00
75.50
77.50

8

-

_

902
191
711
213
180

C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s A ____________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________

183
58

4 0 .0
39. 5

90.00
8070$

-

8
8
-

16
16
9
1
-

2
2
2
32
3
29
13
1
-

-

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s B __ __
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufac tur ing____________ ______ __
P u blic u tilities 2 ___________________

-

*

-

-

273
— r?7
126

39. 5
40. 0
38. 5

72.00
84.60
58.50

1
1

24

56

11

24

55

9

286
259

39.5
39. 5

64.00

10

61
6l

46
46

48
46

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A ___
_
_

n ~

_
'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

60

15

2

1

1

1

_

_

10
2
8

45
35
10

19
11
8

15
5
10

9
9

2
1
1

3
3

1
1

-

_
-

-

8
8
8

7
7
7

24
24
24

9
9
9

7
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

.

_
-

7
7
6

3
3
3

6
5
5

11

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

11
1

31
26

11
11

8
6

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

58
2
56

61
12
49

12
4
8

30
16
14

2
1
1

-

10
2
8

7
7

-

“

-

_
_

_
-

-

_
-

26
1
25
13
3

76
6
70
25
10

57
4
53
10
6

72
l6
56
3
22

78
1
77
49
9

35
9
26
2
7

25
15
10
2
1

3
2
1
1
-

134
19
115
33
13

205
9
196
78
78

168
9
159
19
39

68
12
56
10
3

45
6
39
2
2

101
30
71
29
40

38
27
11
2
2

70
69
1
1

9
3
6
6
-

4
4
-

2
2
.
-

>
_
_
-

-

11
3
8
.
4
.
-

-

_
_
_
_
_
-

16
16

5
3

12
10

41
7

24

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

21

24

69

43

15
3
------5—
15

22

17
17
7
4
3

62

-

6
4

8
4
4
4
-

31
19
12
1
11
-

_
-

-

13
6
7
4
1

54
54

18
18

25

W om en

R e ta il tr a d e

C le r k s ,

file ,

c la s s R

____

_

---------------------

M anufactur ing_________________________
N o n m a m if a r t u r i n g

C lerk s, file , c la s s C
___
N onm anufacturing _ __ _

___ _____
_______ _

See footn otes at end of table.




6 0 0

-

1
0

-

-

1

“

T O ------ T

~

'

_

-

7

'

M

14
8

l

T O

1

-

5

_

4

”

3
3

1

-

1

-

_
-

-

-

_

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

2
—

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

z

'

■

■

"

■

“

_

.

.

-

-

6
Tabic A-L Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area ba sis
by industry d iv isio n , Seattle, W a s h ., Septem ber 1963)
A n u oi

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

W om en —

Number
of
worker*

Weekly ,
t a r .
earning* 1
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OP-

$45
and
under
$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

over

_

_
-

8
8
8

6
6
8

79
79
45

42
27
15
9

37
20
17

7
7
7

19
17
2
2

8
2
6
6

12
10
2

-

-

4
4
-

22
4
18
6

40
7
33
2

25
12
13
1

38
17
21
7

31
8
23
13

11
4
7
3

55
r
54
53

7
7
6

21
68
63
25
------ T ~ ----- T ~ ------ 3“ ------ 2“
64
60
23
17
2
2
1
38

59

and

Continued
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$81. 50
96. bo
76. 00

233
89
144
83

40

0

C le r k s , p a y r o l l ______________ —_________
M anufacturing _
. . . . .
Nonm anufacturing
. __
P u blic u tilitie s 2

209
76
133
36

39.5
4o. o
39.5
39.0

C om ptom eter op e ra to rs .
M an u factu rin g________________ __. . . . . . .
N onm anufacturing____________________
Retail trade
_____

386
112
274
113

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A ___________
M an u factu rin g________________________
N onm anufacturing____________________

_
-

7 5 . 00

C le r k s , o rd e r
___
__
M an u factu rin g______ __ _______________
__
Nonmanufacturing .

-

_
-

_
-

2
_
2

_
-

_
-

13
2
ll
-

12
8
4
4

7
6
1
"

"

2
1
1
-

-

15
10

2
2
-

40
38
2
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

14
12
2

3
3

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

7

6

_

_

_

_

7
6

6
6

-

-

“

"

189
139
50
8
5

265
269
56
21
5

209
186
23
11
2

185
169
16
7
3

271
245
26
24

2
1
1
1

-

-

22
18
11

21
— n ~
10

10
8
8

9
6
1

47
38
9
6
-

72
69
3
1
_
-

7
7
7

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

92.00
94. 56
90.50
93. 00

-

-

1
1
-

2
2
-

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

89.50
105. 50
83. 00
83. 00

_
-

_
-

_
-

24
24
-

8
8
1

461
336
125

40. 0
40. 0
39.5

86.00
88.00
81. 50

.
-

10
10

_
-

1
1

26
14
12

15
3
12

36
10
26

110
99
11

78
65
13

121
101
20

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , cla ss B ___________
M an u factu rin g________________________
N onm anufacturing____________________
P u blic u tilities 2_.

340
93
247
135

39.5
40. 0
39.5
38. 5

75.00
77.50
74. 50
74. 00

_
-

_
-

28
28
7

18
1
17
9

31
7
24
19

100
6
94
75

89
70
19
4

29
8
21
4

22
1
21
5

8

2

8
-

2
-

O ffice g i r l s ______________________________
N onm anufacturing___________________
P u blic u tilities 2-----------------------------

120
m 9"
35

39. 5
39. 5
38.0

63. 50
63. 50
68. 50

2
-

23
21

27
25
6

13
13
-

23
22
16

19
17
10

8
8
2

4
2
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

6
6
-

33
7
26
2
2

30
5
25
12
11

105
21
84
7
8

155
39
116
6
6

171
29
142
18
18

148
l62
46
6
7

2
2
_
-

16
16
_
-

65
2
63
-

82
16
72
3

98
18
80
13

96
3l "
65
2

435
375
60
13

246
22l
25
6

608
590
18
12

364
344
20
8

1
— r~
-

7
7
2

9
8
6

41
46
7

41
5

74
“ 76“
4

_
-

5
5
-

24
24
-

4
1
3
-

35
8
27
-

32
13
19
1
1

19
4
15
7
6

58
31
27
23

22
8
14
14

31
20
11
4

-1

142
3
139
47

12

-

_
-

-

-

1 "
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

10
9
1
1
.
-

16
6
7
5
_
"

4
1
3
1
_
-

10
4
6
6
.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

l

1
1
1

-

—

47
32
15

— IF "

14
— rr~
-

------

—

S e c r e t a r ie s ___________________ __________
M anufacturing . .
.....
_
.
N onm anufacturing____________________
P u blic u tilities 2
R etail t r a d e _______________________

1,655
1,042
613
116
69

4 0 .0
40. 0
39.5
39.5
40. 0

103. 50
108. 50
94. 50
103. 50
92.00

S tenograp hers, g e n e r a l_________________
M an u factu rin g______ ______ ___________
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u tilities 2___________________

2,285
1,839
446
82

4 0.0
4 0 .0
39.5
39.5

88. 50
91. 50
76.00
89. 50

Stenographers, sen ior ._ . .
N onm anufacturing____________________
P u blic u tilities 2___________________

301
------I E T
86

4 0 .0
4075“
4 0 .0

90.00
88. 50
94.00

Sw itchboard o p erators __ _ ___ _ _____
M an u factu rin g________________________
Nonmanufa c tu r ing _ ._ . .
P u blic u tilities 2 ____
R etail trade
..
—

379
88
291
56
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39. 5
40 .0

81. 50
91.66
78. 50
94. 50
74. 50

_
-

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ____
M anufacturing
.
___
N onm anufacturing_________ _____ ____
P u blic u tilities 2___________________

269
80
189
37

39.5
40. 0
39.5
40. 0

78. 50
83.00
77.00
85. 50

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

20
3
17
-

44
9
35
2

37
37
3

58
11
47
10

21
16
11
3

54
27
27
11

8
7
1
-

6
1
5
-

8
2
6
6

5
2
3
2

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

.
-

_
"

_
-

.
-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
cla ss B — ____________________ _______
N onm anufacturing____ ___ ______ _____

136
98

38. 5
38.0

90. 50
86. 00

■

'

“

1
1

"

2
2

36
36

17
17

14
14

7
'

21
26

19
■

14
7

4
~

1
l

-

■

“

"

“

-

See footnotes at end o f table.




~

W

20
46
44' — TE~
22
10

-

7
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division* Seattle* W ash. * Septem ber 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A vsbaos

$45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

ef
workers

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

21

8
8

26
24

32
30

11
8

41
31

5
5

6

21
21
3

33
1
32
“

91
26
65
21

54
1
53
2

115
98
17
3

11 9
95
24
1

219

113
18
95
18
7

47
13
34
5
28

83
58
25
1
19

95
69
26
25

45
6
39
8
30

T

i m

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

over

5
2
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

and
(Standard) (Stapdara) under

T S*
B

$50
W

$50

Weddy ,

and

omen— Continued

Transcribing-machine operators,
$ 7 4 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

•

-

-

~

.

.

_

-

-

-

Nonmanufacturing---------------------------------------------

157
140

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

Typists, class A ------------------ —.---------------Manufacturing-----------------------------------------------------N onmanufacturing--------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 _ — ----------- --------------- .

54 3
292
25 1
35

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
38. 5

8 2 . 50
8 7 .0 0
7 7 . 50
7 6 .0 0

-

-

"

-

■

Typists, class B — — ------------------------------------------M anufacturing ------ ------------ ------- —
N onmanufacturing--------------------------------------------Public utilities2.
____
- — Retail trade-------------------------------------

795
19 5
600
41
115

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

6 8 . 50
7 7 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
7 9 . 50
7 8 . 50

.

56

-

-

-

-

56
-

120
4
116
-

“

“

~ ~ 2T ~

U '
198
5

3
3

4
4

86
51
35
5

15
15

i

2

3
1
2
2

6

-

2
“
1

-

3
1

12
5
7
7

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre s p o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.
2 Transportation* com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division* Seattle* W ash. , Septem ber 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIM E WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

S ex, occupation, and industry div isio n

N u m b er
of
w orkers

w
ksar.
(S ta n da rd)

(S t a i& t f)

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

$170

$175

$180

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

$170

$175

$180

over

27

$85
Under and
$85 under
$90

57

75

99

75

59

39

21

14

2

4

71
69
2
2

80
79

131
116
15
15

155
149
6
3

112
110
2
1

94
92
2
2

36
15
21
5

7
7
-

2
2
-

42
11
31

15
15

2
2

5
1
4

6
6

6
.
6

12
12

3
2

3
3

1

4
2

2

2
“

2

_

.
”

_

_

_

_

”

2
2

3
3

and

Men
D ra ftsm en , le a d e r ________

472

4 0 .0

$145.00

D ra ftsm en, s e n io r..
M anufacturings
N onm anufacturings
Pu blic u tilities 2

871
746
125
29

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

124.00
119.56
149.00
122.50

~

-

D ra ftsm en, ju n i o r .
M anufacturing__

392
349

4 0 .0
46. 0

97.00
95.6o

9
9

18
18

69
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

108.50
111.00

N u rses, industrial (re g is t e r e d )s
M anufacturing____. . . . __ _______

_

_

7

_

-

-

95
95
-

151
151

133
133

30
27

18
2

16

3
3

4
2

2
1

43
43

-

j
1

1

1

1
3
1

'
1

1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o rre s p o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




“

“

.
“

8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage s traigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Seattle, W a s h ., Septem ber 1963)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number

of

Average
weekly .
earnings 1
(Standard)

Number
of
workers

B i l le r s , m achine (billin g m a ch in e )--------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------P u blic u t ilit ie s 2------------------------------

126
105
62

$ 88 .00
90.00
103.00

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine).
Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------R etail trade________________________

88
70
58

83. 50
8 0.00
80 .5 0

107
89

88. 50
8 8.00

C le rk s , p a y r o l l ---------M anufacturing_____
N onm anufacturing—
P u blic utilities 2
Com ptom eter o p e ra to rs______
M anufacturing-------------------N onm anufacturing_________
R etail trade____________

Average
weekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

285
80
205
37

$ 78 .00
83.00
76. 50
85. 50

$95 .00
99. 50
91. 50
95.00

Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s -------M anufacturing__________________________
Nonm anufacturing--------------------------------Public u t ilit ie s 2____________________

387

89. 50
105.00
83.00
83.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A ----------

111

112.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B-----------M anufacturing______ —____ —------------------------—
Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------------------

252
94
158

97.00
104.00
93.0 0

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C-----------Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------------------

73
62

81. 50
79. 50

T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , gen eral.
Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------

157
140

74. 50
74.06

T yp ists, cla s s A ------------------------------------------M anufacturing____________________________
Nonm anufacturing-----------------------------------Public u tilities 2______________________

544
293
251
35

82. 50
87.00
77. 50
76. 00

T yp ists, cla s s B ------------------------------------------M anufacturing___-__ — ----------------------------N onm anufacturing------------- —-------------------Public u tilities 2 — -----------------------------Retail trad e___________________________

797
195
602
43
115

68. 50
77. 60
66.0 0
80.00
78. 50

497

145. 00

938

123.50
119.50
149.00
122.50

TIT
274
113

86.00
88.00
81. 50

Kevpunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s B___
M anufacturing________ _____ __
Nonm anufacturing------------------P u blic utilities 2----------------

341
93
248
135

75.5 0
77. 50
74. 50
74. 00

O ffice boys and g ir ls ____________
M anufacturing------------------------N onm anufacturing______ _____
P u blic utilities 2----------------

254
53
201
45

66.00
71.00
64.50
72.00

S e c r e t a r ie s ______________________
M anufacturing________ _______
N onm anufacturing------------------P u blic u t ilit ie s 2---------------R etail trade_______________

1,657
1,042
615
118
69

103.50
108.50
94. 50
104.00
92.00

Stenographers, general
M anufacturing_______
Nonm anufacturing___
P u blic utilities 2~

2,293
1,840
453
89

88. 50
91. 50
76.50
90. 50
90. 00
89.00
94. 50

463

W

339
52
287

75. 50
8 2.00
74. 50

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s A
M anufacturing--------—
Nonm anufacturing------------Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2---------R etail trade------------------

616
148
468
154
74

100.00
110.50
97.0 0
95.5 0
96. 50

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B.
M anufacturing------------------N onm anufacturing------------P u blic utilities 2---------R etail trade--- —------------

935
214
721
217
180

8 0 .0 0
92. 50
76. 50
75. 50
77. 50

C lerk s, file , c la s s A ----------Nonm anufacturing—------—

183
58

90.00
8 0.00

C le r k s , file , c la s s B ----------M anufacturing________
—
N onm anufacturing—
______

273
147
126

72.00
8 4 .0 0
58. 50

C le rk s , file , c la s s C ----------Nonm anufacturing—----------

291
264

64.0 0
62. 50

Stenographers, se n io r—
Nonm anufacturing----Pu blic utilities 2—

305
273
90

C le rk s , o r d e r _______
M anufactur ing____
N onmanuf actur ing.
R etail trade___

93. 50
95. 50
9 3 .0 0
75.0 0

Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs—
M anufacturing_______
N onmanufactur ing___
P u blic utilities 2—
R etail trade______

379

345
105
240
83

1 Earnings rela te to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
2 T ran sp ortation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.

Number
of
workers

247
108
139
38

125

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A
M anufacturing____ __ —____
Nonmanufactur ing--------- -—

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

O ffice occu p a tion s— Continued

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , cla s s B —
M anufacturing--------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing— -----------------------------------




Average
weekly .
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , c la s s A —
N onm anufacturing---------------------------------------

O ccupation and industry division

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations
D raftsm en, le a d e r-----D raftsm en, s e n io r ____
M anufacturing_____
Nonmanufacturing—
Pu blic u tilities 2
D raftsm en, junior M anufacturing__
N urses, industrial (re g is te re d )-.
M anufacturing-------------------

"F IT
125
29

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry division , Seattle, W ash., Septem ber 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

C a rp en ters, m aintenance _________ ______________ _
M anufacturing ______ _______________ -______
N onm anufacturing________________________
..

Num
ber
of
w
orker*

168
117
51

Avenge
hourly ,
earnings

$2.20
and
under
$2.30

$2.30

$2.40

$2.50

$2.60

$2.70

$2.80

$2.90

$3.00

$3.10

$3.20

$3.30

$3.40

$3.50

$3.60

$3.70

$3.80

$3.90

$2.40

$2.50

$2.60

$2.70

$2.80

$2.90

$3.00

$3.10

$3.20

$3.30

$3.40

$3.50

$3.60

$3.70

$3.80

$3.90

$4.00

4
4

10
10

1
1

2
2

-

■

3
3

_
-

9
9
“

.
"

■

-

-

-

-

$3.08
3.07
3.13

■

"

3.17
3.16
3.21

.
_
-

_
_

.
.
"

3
3
■

77
74
3

13
12

10
10
"

■

2
2
~

!
1
■

21
14
7

4
4
"

57
$$
5

29
11
18

14
IS
1

59
32
27

.

8
8

_

_

-

“

“

17
17
“

13
13

1

*

17
1
16
25
24
1

1
1
.

E n gin eers, s ta tion a ry -------------------------------------M an u factu rin g_________________________________
N onm anufacturing ______________ _________ _____

233
i?0
63

F irem en , station ary b o ile r ___ „_______ . . . __
M anufacturing ________________________________

89
82

2.66
' " 2 .6 7 "

-

15
15

26
23

"

17
13

-

11
il

4
4

8
8

H e lp ers, m aintenance t r a d e s .._______________ ___
M anufacturing ___________ . . . ______ ____ _____

154
137

2.54
2.54

1
■

14
8

16
14

103
100

7
6

6
4

6
5

1
"

“

■

■

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

M achinists, m aintenance _______________________
M an u factu rin g___________________________

180

3.24
$.21

_

.

.

~

~

8
8

3
3

8
8

6
6

44
44

53
46

27
26

1

TEz

15
is

-

15
5

-

-

M ech an ics, autom otive (m a in ten a n ce)__________
M anufacturing_____ _________________ . . . ___ ____
N onm anufacturing___________________________
Pu blic u tilities 1 ___________________________
2

429
121
308
255

3.17
3.06
3.21
3.20

_
-

12
12
-

18
18
-

9
5
4
4

j
1
~

59
44
15
15

26
5
21
21

253
21
232
197

30
4
26
8

10
_
10
10

_
"

_
_
-

_
.

-

_
_
-

M ech an ics, m a in te n a n c e ______________ ____
K anufa/'t-iiT-ina
/T

459
457

3.09
3709

-

24
24

33
33

5
4

54
54

150
T39

64
64

24
24

-

-

"

“

9
9

_
-

n
il

-

-

-

9
8
1
_

■

_

-

-

-

"

-

"

93
93

-

_

M U h rritfh t._______________________________________
M anufacturing._____________ ______________

76
76

3.15
3.15

_

.

-

-

“

“

6
6

_
-

-

O i l e r s .. _______________________________________
M an u factu rin g_________________________________

111
111

2.59
2.59

-

11
11

18
18

13
13

55
55

8
8

6
6

.

_

.

-

-

-

2
2

52
50

3
3

2

“

1
i

.

.

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

"

"

■

_

.

_

P a in ters, m ain ten a n ce._______________ __________
M anufacturing__________________________________
P attern m akers, w ood__ _______________________
M an u factu rin g______________ ____________ _
T o o l and die m a k e r s __________________________ ___
M anufacturing____________ ____. . . . . __________ _

91
77
44
44

243
243

3.18
3.16
3.78
3.78
3.41
3.41

•

-

_

6
------5—

-

-

■

~

.

_

_

1 E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




.

_

.
•

-

43
43

■

20
15

11
11
_

2

3
3

2

-

-

6
----- 5—

-

_

2
2

-

9
6

2

~

-

9
9

*

-

36
36

_

4
4

88
88

-

-

-

■

-

_

_
-

114
114

1

35
35
j
1

-

10




Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division* Seattle* W ash.* September 1963)
NUM
BER O W KERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM HOURLY EARNINGS O —
P OR
E
P

Guards and watchmen

Wftnmawiifartiir^nj-

$1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $ 1.9 0 $2.00 $2 .1 0 $2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70
and
under
$1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.0 0 $2 .1 0 $2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80

N Ut
m m
vocfcan

Occupation1 and industry division

-

$2. 50

270
55
90

------

Janitors* porters* and
cleaners (men)
ufacturing.
------------------Nonmanufacturing...............................

1

5

9

62
2 25
2 .29

415

1

5

9

5
12

11

2
2

1
•
1
1

28
•
28
2
16

297
1
296
I
85

107
2
105
3
44

Z

1*267
'633
614

2.16
"2. 34
1.98
2 23
1- 99

191

-

17
—T"

11

—

6
3
3

67
~ W

38
13

34
25
37
6
39 223 ----— 37“ -----g~ — r r — 3T" 2 2 1
5
4
1
39 220
6
12
28
2
2
36
9
2

235
192
2 i6 “ n r
71
19
i]
51
5
2

57
31
26
22
1

27
zr
3
3

201
194
7
7

51
3l
20
2
18

-

•

-

.

2
2

.
.

40

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

5
3
-

43
36
7
>
“

22
22
.
*

*

•

Janitors* porters* and
\
1.95
1755” “ I

317
Nonmanufacturing................... .............

I W

Order fillers
-------Manufacturing - . _
Nonmanufacturing___________________

>
•
•

•
*

j
l
1
*

19
17
2
1

1
1
-

1
-

1

1

1

2 .69
2 .63
2.65

_
•

~

■

"

1
1

“

.

.
-

190
—

n

r

78

__

2 .55
■ " " 2 .4 T
2.76

55

■-

—

Retail trade

351
172
179
107

2.30

"

2 .62
z .s r
2.71
2. 70

Truckdrivers 4 ..................— ........... — ..........................
Manufacturing----------— ----------------------------------N^ m a n u f a c t u r i n g
-------------------Public utilities*__________________

See footnotes at end of table.

130
59
71

_
-

-

-

.
.

,
-

.
-

i

_

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

“

-

3
3

.

2

13
3

1

2.76

2*014
TUT"
1*609
1*015

3 .09
3 .20
3.07
2.9 9

_

_
•
"

_
*

64
64
■

136
118
18
6

129
78
51
27
24

82
46
36
4
32

113
16
1
15

274
10
264
5
13

16
16
4
2

475
475
474
1

40
40
*

29
2
27
20

26
5

_
-

17
n
•

1
1

10
1
9

509
•
509

57
57
~

322
43
277

18
18

•

3
3

60
60

6
6

_
-

6
6

_
-

-

_
-

6
— r

43
7T

12
I2T

10
nr

35
37“
1

13

69
— T
64

_

4

15

_

121
111
4
4

15
2
13
9

55
6
49
13

4
4

9

-

9

_

_

14

j

4
4

7
2
5
5

10

_

10

7
i
----- f i
-

-

-

-

5
—

T

3
3

2 .8 8
2 . 86
2.91

77

Shipping clerks
Manufacturing........................................... . . . . . . .
Nonmanufacturing--.......-................

32
58
— r — T

12
11
1

2 .76
2. 57
2 .8 6
2.94
2.67

-------

Manufacturing
N n n m a n u fa c tu r in g

12

1* 0 10
w
815

Public utilities *

Packers* shipping (women)

9
9

1*476
493
981
557
121

Laborers* material handling------------------Manufacturing-------------------

Packers* shipping (men)
Manufacturing
Mcnmanufacturing----

2
28
175
" T ” "25"' “ T7T

1

.

•

-

-

.

_

10

•

-

•

-

2
2

124
-

124
74

-

13

-

3
2
1

_

-

26
-

-

-

.

-

2
------ T

-

-

.

.

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

.

_

.

_

.

_

76
1$
57
56

35
5
30
15

15

5
3
2

?
*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

2
1
1
1

*

-

-

“

12
10
2

28
8
20

34

16
l6

1
1

3

1

_

_

-

-

-

•

-

34

10
9
1

-

-

-

3

1

-

12

8

12

7

4

8

_

_

_

_

11

9
9
-

280

799
125
674
604

133
32
10 1
36

17?
93
86
3

404
16 1
303
3

-

11
9

-

15
2
>

-

280
280

1

_

-

2
-

2

-

40
33
5

•

2
-

2

.

15
15

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle, W ash ., September 1963)

Occupation1 and industry division

NUM
BER O W
V ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM HOURLY EARNINGS O —
E
F
$1.50 $ 1.6 0 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2 .1 0 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70
and
under
$1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2 .1 0 $2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80

N o te
of
M
W

Truckdrivers 1 Continued
4—
*
Truckdrivers, light (under
1 Vi tons)

62

Truckdrivers, medium (lVt to and
including 4 tons).............—
...................
Mftnmamifarfarrtng-PnMir
9

936
6S
851
807

3.01
6. 26
2.99
2.98

677
629
203

2

4

36

1

.

8

.

3

-

8

.

_

.

.

.

2
2
-

3
2
1
1

74
74
74

-

11
•
11
Q
7

-

280
280
280

404
404
404

36
36
36

103
58
45
3

, * -

-

21
21

-

-

-

-

-

62
240
240 - 5 T
200

$2.71

4
1

333
303
3

1
1

19
5

2
2

15
15

32
29
*
3

44
4

52
52

.

.
-

.
-

.
.

30

16
9
7

21
21

“

.
-

3.22
3.21
3.04

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

2
2
-

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
Nonmanufacturing-........ ...................
PiiKUp i#<14H*a *
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
160
Menufagtu^ng______,___

______

3. 20

87

3 .2 4

73
Truckers, power (forklift)
Manufacturing.............. .......................... Nonmanufacturing________ _______ _

737
648
189

2.76
2 .6 8
2.97

Truckers, power (other than
fo rk lift).
Manufacturing

182

2.60
2 . 60

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

_
"

_
“

_
“

_
“

-

1

11

-

_
"

33

•

1

11

23

"

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

10

-

-

-

-

1

95

10

228
228
“

8
4

68
68

-

1

•
-

62
62
"

42

194

24

64

18

130

64
64

-

1

1

3.14

1
1
*
4

177

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of sise and type of truck operated.




nr

1

92

3

25
23

30
•
Jv

•

30

-

1A

_
-

4
4

•

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Seattle, W ash., September 1963)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la r y 1

Other inexperienced clerica l workers 2

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

37l/z

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

40

Nonmanufac tur ing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of40

A ll
schedules

37 l /z

40

Establishments stu d ied ..-------------------------------------------------------- -

157

57

XXX

100

XXX

XXX

157

57

XXX

100

XXX

XXX

Establishments having a specified m inim um -----------------------

59

19

19

40

5

34

74

23

23

51

6

44

_
3
4
5
10
7
7
6

.
1

_
1

_
2
4
3
5
5
4
5
1
4
3
1
1

_
1

.
1
4
2
4
5
2
5

2
6
5
4
12
11
6
6
4
5
2
1
2
4
1

_
1

_
1

2

-

-

2
7
2
3
2
1
1
2
1

2
7
2
3
2
1
1
2
1

2
5
5
2
5
9
3
4
4
5
2
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50
$85.00
$87.50
$90.00
$92.50
$95.00

and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under

$ 5 0 .0 0 -------------------------------------------------$ 5 2 .5 0 -----------------------------------------------------$55.00 ---------------------------------------------------- $ 5 7 .5 0 ._______________________________ __
$ 6 0 .0 0 ___________________________________
$ 6 2 .5 0 .________________________________ _
$ 6 5 .0 0 ________________________________ __
$ 6 7 .5 0 ---------------------------------------------------- $ 7 0 .0 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 2 .5 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 5 .0 0 _______________________________
$ 7 7 .5 0 __________________________________ _
$ 8 0 .0 0 ___________________________________
$ 8 2 .5 0 _________________________________ __
$ 8 5 .0 0 _____ _____ ________ _________ _____ ________
$ 8 7 .5 0 _________________ _____________________
$90.00 ____________________________________ __________
$ 9 2 .5 0 _____________________ _ _____________________
$ 9 5 .0 0 _______________________________________________ _
$ 9 7 .5 0 ........................................................................................

-

-

4
4
1
1
2
1

2
5
2
3
1
1
1
1
1
1

2
5
2
3
1
1
1
1
_
1
1

-

-

-

2

-

1
-

2
1
_

-

-

4
3
1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

1

-

-

4
5

-

2

1

4
9

-

1
1
1
-

2
3
3
5

2

-

1

-

2

-

2

-

---------- -

23

11

XXX

12

XXX

XXX

30

13

XXX

17

75

27

XXX

48

XXX

XXX

53

21

XXX

32

XXX

1

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category--------------------------------------------------------------------- -

1

Establishments having no specified minimum-------

These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger or office girl.
Data are presented for a ll standard workweeks combined, and for the m ost common standard workweeks reported.




XXX

13
Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe re n tia ls o f m anufacturing plant w o r k e r s by type and am ount o f d iffe re n tia l,
S eattle, W ash. , S eptem ber 1963)
P e r c e n t o f m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs—
In establishments having formal
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Actually working on—

Second shift
work
Total ________

__

9 3 .4

22. 1

4. 5

9 3 .4

22. 1

4. 5

7 9.0
.7
1.9
8 .2
2 .4
.6
.4
2. 3
4. 2
5. 1
4 7 .4

2 6 .9
1.9
2 .4
3.0
1 .8
3 .2
4. 1
. 5

19.9
.2
.3
1.6
.6
.1
.1
.5
1. 2
1.0
13. 0
. 1

2 .2
. 1
. 1
.2
-

. 5
.5

Uniform cents (per hour)____ « ...___—__ ____
3 cents „_______________,______,_____ _______
4 cents _.
5 cents __
_
____ — —
6 cents
7 cents
...... ..
. . . . . . . . ___ . _____
7 V2 cents
8 cents
_
9 cents
.. - . . . .
___ ____ .
10 cents . . .
12 cents , _ ___ _ M,
_
_
,... ,M ....
.
1 2 V 2 cents .
15 cents
- _
17VlO
» ____ T _____1 ________ _____________
2 0 cents and ove r -------------------------------------------------------------

Third or other
shift

9 7 .0

-

Second shift

9 7.0

_

With shift pay differential

Third or other
shift work

.7
.5

7 .9

2 .7

2. 2

2. 2

. 5
1. 2
. 1

1.7

1

.2

.

10.4

58.0

1. 5

2. 2

6. 8

6 .8

.5

(1
2)

-

Full day's pay for reduced h o u r s --------------------—
Full day's pay for reduced hours,
plus cents differential — ------------------------ —-----------------Full day's pay for reduced hours,
plus percentage differential — ___ —------------------

-

-

.9

With no shift pay differential_________ ____________

-

1 Includes establishm ents cu rre n tly operating late sh ifts , and establishm ents w ith fo rm a l p r o v is io n s c o v e rin g late shifts
even though they w e re not cu rre n tly operating late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 percen t.

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t distribution o f o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs in a ll in d u stries and in industry d iv isio n s by scheduled w eek ly hours
o f fir s t -s h ift w o r k e r s , S eattle, W a s h ., Septem ber 1963)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Weekly hours

A ll workers

_

___

_

_

3 5 hours _ _
.
.
.
—
37 V 2 hours .
_
. . . .
« ...
Over 37 V 2 and under 40 h o u rs -------- -------------------- —
40 hour 8
___________—

1
2
3
4

100

9
3
88

Manufacturing

100
1

Public ,
utilities 2

100

32

-

-

99

68

Retail trade

AD
,
Industries 3

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

3

AQ
industries 1

5

100

(4)

(4)

-

-

97

95

Inclu des data fo r w h olesale trade; fin a n ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry div isio n s shown separately.
T ra n sp orta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .
Includes data fo r w h ole sa le tra d e , re a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d iv isio n s shown s ep arately.
L e s s than 0. 5 p e rce n t.




.
-

100

-

100




Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Seattle, Wash., September 1963)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE W
ORKERS
Item

All workers

All
i
in u
d strial

_

M ufactu g
an
rin

P b c2
uH
u
tilities

R
etail trad
e

A
ll 3
in u
d stries

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic 2
u
tilities

R
etail trad
e

100

—

W orkers in establishments providing
paid holiday*------------------------^__________________
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid holidays
. _
.....

10 0

100

100

100

10 0

10 0

100

100

100

100

100

99

■

■

*

~

10 0

10 0

10 0

(4 )

~

“

“

6
1
8
(4 )
48
1

12
<4)
29
-

.
1
74
-

10
3
4
83
-

Number of days
3
4
6
6
7
7
7
8

8 H o lid a y s p lu s 2 H a lf d a y s

h o lid a y s.
. ......
..
.
holidays plus 2 half days.
10 holidays
...

9
9

_

_

1
(4)
44
2
(4 )
48
1

1
(4)
12
87
-

(4 )

holidays
.
.
.
.
.
holidays
.
.
.
.
holidays
. . . . . . .
..
holidays plus 1 half day
holidays
holidays plus 1 half day----------------------—
holidays plus 2 half days.__. . . . . . . . . . . .
holidays

(4 )

2
2

.

_

.

_

1
98
-

-

-

-

-

-

37
-

58
-

25
-

-

■

"

“

*

"

*

_

-

1
82
•
18
-

_

_

_

_

(4 )

Total holiday time 5
10 d a ys.

_______

.

.

7 days or more
. .
. . .
6 l /z days or m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------6 days or m o r e ____ _ _
____ _____ _,______ ,____
3 days or m ore

4
5
54
55

87
87

18
18

99

99

99

99
100
100
100

99
10 0
10 0
10 0

99
100
10 0
10 0

(4 )

•
0

(4 )
99

99
100
100
100

37
37
85
85
93
94
99

.
58
58
88
88

10 0
10 0
10 0

25
25
99
99
10 0
10 0
10 0

.
.
.
83
83
86
90
10 0

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Less than 0.5 percent.
s A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with
7 full days and no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions. Seattle, W a s h ., September 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

AS

100

2

PLANT WORKERS
Rstatttnda

A
M 4
MvatoiM*

M lM
um tartac

P«hSs 9
«tBM
w

RaUBtrad*

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
.
_

99
95
4

100
94
6
_

100
92
8

100
100

-

1

-

-

-

20
9

11
6
1

13
2
2

43
4

62
1
8
26
2

48
2
2
45
3

68

34
7
10
46
3

HamiMtaftag

FSUIs «
uU
U tfea3

100

100
100

Method of payment
W orkers in establishments providing
p jljj) v a r a t i n n s

Length-of-tim e p a y m e n t ------- .
— --------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t .„...
F lat-su m paym ent------------ --------------------------Other
----------------------- --- —
....... —_
W orkers in establishments providing
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s
....._ _
_
.._

.

•
.

100
97
3
•
.

-

“

“

3
31
1

<’ )
9
-

47
1

17
83
-

5
.
95
.
-

69
_
31
.
-

81

(*)
99
_

10
18
72
.

_
_
100
.

<5)

-

-

26
4
41
26
2

<*)

99
99
(*)

•

_

Amount of vacation pay *
After 6 months of service
Under 1 w e e k ------------------------------------- , ......... Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------r— r—.

............

16
1

A fter 1 year of service
1 w eek
_ ---------- -------- ....
_
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
__ _
-----2 w e e k s ---------.
_____
.
_____
_____
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s
3 w eeks
_______________ ____________
_______
_____

19
-

32

91
1
8

-

-

36
3
61

98

-

-

After 2 years of service
1 w eek

Over 1 and under 2 weeks — ------------ r-----------.—
2 weeks
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s

2
2
96
-

2

A fter 3 years of service

--------

(*)
H
98
1

97
3

1
1
97
.
1

_
.
100
.
-

8
4
58
26
3

13
6
31
46
3

W
98
1

.
97
3

1
1
97
1

_
.
100
.
-

3
4
63
26
3

5
6
40
46
3

_
95

O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w eek s------------------------------- . — ....... O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks

_
94
6

96
4

_
97
.
3

(*)
68
26
4

49
46
5

2

_

3
95

96

-

4

After 4 years of service
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks
--------

, r r-

2

3
95

96

-

4

100
.

93

After 5 years of service
1 w eek

—

—

Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 w eeks
-

2
...

—

_

3

_

_

7
'

See footnotes at end of table,







Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Seattle, W a sh ., September 1963)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tion p o lic y

Manufacturing

Public •
utilities

72

_
86

-

-

A
H 2
industries

Retail trade

industries4

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Retail trade

Am ount o f v a ca tio n p a y 4— Continued
A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

—

28
-

14
-

------

( 5)

( 5)

_
72
<*)
28
“

1 w eek
—
—
_ —
—
—
2 w ee k s
__
~
O ve r 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eek s ________ —------------ --- ------ --------------- ---------O v e r 3 and under 4 w eek s
___
4 w e e k s ___ ____
—
__

68
1
30
-

85
15
-

55
45
-

14
86

( 5)

( 5)

-

-

_
44

83

1

.
14

-

-

-

-

53
2
1

15
H
1

98
-

83

1

_
44
.
39
( 5)
17

_
83
12
( 5)
4

_
44
-

1 w eek
___
__
__
2 w e e k s __
. . . .
__ _
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eek s
—
__
—
O ve r 3 and under 4 w eeks
— —
4 w e e k s __

.
16
-

84
-

-

( 5)
30
26
42
1
( 5)

_
24
46
29
1
( 5)

_
69
3
28
-

_
15
85
-

40
60

2
98

-

-

-

-

.
2

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
( 5)
13
26
59
1
( 5)

10
45
43
1
( 5)

2

( 5)
3
26
67
1
2

3
45
50
1
1

_
100
-

98
-

_
1
.
69
30

_
14
65
20

( S)
3
26
56
14

_
3
45
44
8

_
56
44

2
84
14

_
83

_
1

14

-

-

2

-

-

-

38
54
7

40
46

3
45
41
11
( 5)

-

-

<5)
3
26
50
19

_

-

32
64
5

76
22

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------- --------------- ------------ — —
2 w eek s
___
_
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eek s
_
— _
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w ee k s
—
_

-

-

-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
___
2 w eeks —
_________
__
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s
__
___
3 w e e k s ------—---------------- ------- ------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________ - ____________
4 w eek s
__
___
A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k — --- ------------------ --------------------------------------2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks
—
—
4 w eek s —------- ------------------------- ------------------- ---------

22
31
4

8
9
( 5)

1 Inclu des b a s ic plans on ly. E x clu d e s plans su ch as v a c a tio n -sa v in g s and th ose plans w hich o ffe r "ex te n d ed " o r "s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits beyon d b a s ic
plans to w o r k e r s w ith
qualifying lengths o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f su ch e x c lu s io n s a r e plans r e c e n tly n egotiated in the s t e e l, alum inum , and ca n in d u s tr ie s .
* Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s ep a ra tely .
4 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilitie s .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
4 Inclu des paym ents oth er than "len gth o f t i m e , " su ch as p e rce n ta g e o f annual earn in gs o r fla t-s u m paym en ts, c on v erted to an equ ivalen t t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym ent
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in d ivid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the changes in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e chan ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10y e a r s . E stim a te s a r e
cu m u la tiv e. T h u s, the
p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th ose who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em p lo ye d in esta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p en sion b e n e fits , 1 S eattle, W a s h ., S ep tem ber 1963)
OFFICE WORKER8

T yp e o f b e n e fit

All
,
industries 2

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

Public .
utilities 3

Retail trade

AH
,
industries4

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e _______________ ,_______________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n ce __ .................-..t. _________
—
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r
s ic k le a v e o r both 5________________________

99

98

99

98

94

92

97

99

81

92

62

69

84

88

65

82

90

95

91

87

91

93

82

90

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e _______
S ic k le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) ________ ___ _
_____
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d )__________________________

25

7

25

62

82

91

36

82

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts pro v id in g :

H o s p ita liz a tio n i n s u r a n c e __________________
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce _ ______
________
. _
M e d ic a l in s u ra n ce ______ _______
__
C a ta strop h e i n s u r a n c e _________ __ __________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s i o n _________________________
N o health , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n plan ___

70

88

31

13

31

45

31

3

7

2

41

33

15

6

31

34

96
96
93
79
85
(1
6)
5
4
3
2

99
99
99
89
95
( 6)

63
63
60
83
73

99
99
74
40
48
( 6)

95
95
91
23
78

96
96
95
14
90
2

70
70
58
81
84

99
99
91
15
48

1

1 Inclu des th ose plans fo r w hich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p t those le g a lly r e q u ir e d , su ch as w o rk m e n 's co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and
r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
2 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le trad e; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and other pu b lic u tilitie s .
4 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose industry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
5 U n du plica ted to ta l o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s ic k leave o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ran ce show n s e p a ra te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w h ich d efin itely
e s t a b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m num ber o f d a y s ' pay that can be e xp e cte d by e a ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a ve a llo w a n ce s d e te rm in e d on an individual b a s is a r e exclu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




18




Table B-7. Paid Sick Leave
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions
by form al sick leave provisions, Seattle, W a sh ., September 1963)
OFFICE W
ORKEB8
Sick leave provision

PabHe,
aU the1
N 2

bultrtilw1

PLANT W
O&KEB8
K
eteil trad
e

A
B .
in a
d etriee3

M
eaufoeturtof

PabHe,
a K
t& lae2

BeteHtiede

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

76.8

89 .8

72.3

4 6 .2

45.8

51.6

61.2

3 7 .4

23.2

1 0 .2

27.7

5 3 .8

54.2

48.4

38.8

6 2 .6

56.2
56.2
3.0
3.9
42.8
2.7
2 .0
.1
1.3
1 .2
.1

86.0
86 .0
.4
2.5
81.1
.3
1 .6
1.3
.3

20.9
20.9
1 .1
3.0
6 .8
10 .0
-

8 .9
8 .9
8 .5
.4
-

29.1
28.9
25.5
.8
.8
1 .6
.2
9.3
8.3
1 .0

45.3
45.3
44.9
4.1
2.4
1.7

27.7
27.7
. 2.6
8.4
16.7
1.5
1.5
-

16.3
8 .6
5.1
1.5
7.7
3.9
3.0
2.9
2 .0
.9

1 .6
1 .0
.6
.
.6
.6
-

41.3
1 0 .2
9.8
.4
31.1
31.1
.
9.5
9.5

4 .2
4 .2
2 5 .4
2 5 .4
"

18.9
8.7
.9
5.7
9.3
2.3
2.9
.9
.4

1 .6
1 .1
.
.5
.6
.6
-

50.8
1 0 .2
9.8
.4
31.1
31.1
9.5
.6
.6

29 .5

.1

29 .5
2 5 .4
“

4.3
1.9
2 .1
.5
1.4
1 .2
.1

56.6

A ll w ork ers....... - -------------------------------------- ----------

86 .0

29.0

5 .7

38.8

Workers in establishments providing
Workers in establishments providing
no form al paid sick le a v e . . . ______ __________—
l>pe aed sswesl ef seli slek leave
pwelded asssally
Uniform plan: 4
No waiting period __________ _________________
Full pay*
5 days
1 2 days
15 days
Waiting period

--

-

- - ----- ----------------

Graduated plan4- —After 1 year of service:
No waiting period
Full pay*
5 days

10 days
Full pay------- -------------------------------- ------ -—
Graduated plan4— After 10 years of service:
No waiting p e rio d ....... — _____ ______ ___ _
10 days
1 2 days
70 days
Waiting period ......................... .......... — ............. .

.3

-

7 .8
7 .8
-

-

26.1
2 6.1

-

5.6
3.0
2 .6

2.2
2.2

2 .8
2 .8
2 .8
27.7
27.7

3 .4
3 .4
7 .8
7 .8
“

5.9

-

30.6
2 .8
2.8
22.5
22.5
5.2
1.4
1.4

1 1 .2

37.2

26.1

1.5
.3
.3
1.4
.1

.2

.3

.3

-

2.2
2.2
“

1 1 .2
7 .8

ftsvtsless foe asssMlstles
W orkers in establishments having
provisions for accumulation of
49.0

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 "Uniform plan s" are defined as those form al plans under which an employee, after 1 year of service, is entitled to the sam e number of days1 paid sick leave each
"Graduated plan s" are defined as those form al plans under which an em ployee's leave varies according to length of service. Periods o f service were arbitrarily chosen.
m ates reflect provisions applicable at the stated length of service but do not reflect provisions for progression.
Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick leave
10 years of service may also receive this amount after greater or le s s e r lengths of service.
s May include provisions other than those presented separately.
Numbers of days shown under "fu ll pay plus partial pa y" are days for which workers receive
leave at full pay; workers are entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.

year.
E sti­
after
sick

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations worxers who are employed under a variety o f payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, ^re
cla ssifie d by type o f machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
v o ices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing m
a**
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number o f carbon cop ies o f
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
o f vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge o f book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

19

20
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G —C on tin u ed

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co s t accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in office s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter file s, cla ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s . May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B« Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssifie d material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service file s.

C L E R K , ORDER

Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow ing:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing die items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class CmPerforms routine filing o f material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, loca tes readily available material in file s
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C lass B. Under clo s e supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s sp ecified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D oes not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

22
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATO R-Continued
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerica l work as part o f regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety o f long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
o f a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B# Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance o f some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or sp ecia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stehotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A. Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spellin g, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B# Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN-Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cr o s s-s e ctio n s ,
etc., to sca le by use o f drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types o f drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any o f a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other sp ecification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding m aterialsor tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
o f operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs o f
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to c lo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

25
M A C H IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

M ILLW RIG H T

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from draw­
ings or other written specification s; cutting various s iz e s o f pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RK ER, M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and siz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work o f the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

types o f sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to c lo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors o f an o ffice building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
W'orkers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




27
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type o f container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one'or more o f the follow ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work involves:
routes,

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records o f the goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cu s­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

28
T R U C K D R IV E R

T R U C K E R , PO W ER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places o f business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)




Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors o f
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963- 40 cents a copy.

Occupational W age Survey!
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Akron, Ohio____________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y ________________
Albuquerque, N. M e x __________________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J________
N.
Atlanta, Ga_____________________________________
Baltimore, Md 1_______ _________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ___________________
Birmingham, A la_______________________________
Boise, Idaho___________________________________
Boston, Mass 1
__________________________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1345-23
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1345-15

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y 1
__________
Burlington, V t l________
Canton, Ohio---------------Charleston, W. V a ____
Charlotte, N. C ________
Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga
Chicago, 1111___________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky___
Cleveland, Ohio 1
_______
Columbus, Ohio 1
______

1345-30
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1345-14
1345-28

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1345-21
Dallas, T ex1
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
1111______ 1345-18
1345-35
1345-32
Des Moines, Iowa ____ — ______ ____ ___ .. . .
—
1345-42
Detroit, Mich1
__________________________________ 1345-47
__________ ____________________ 1345-27
Fort Worth, Tex 1
Green Bay, W is________________________________ 1385-4
Greenville, S. C ________________________________ 1345-68
Houston, T e x ___________________________________ 1345-82

25
25
20
25
20
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind_______________________________
Jackson, M iss__________________________________
Jacksonville, F la 1
______________________________
Kansas City, M o.—
Kans________________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.— H _____________
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark ___________
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif1
_______________
Louisville, Ky. — 1
Ind ___________________________
Lubbock, Tex__________________________________
Manchester, N. H ______________________________
Memphis, Tenn________________________________

25
20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1345-26
1345-43
1345-39
1345-22
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

Price

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
Miami, Fla_____________ -______________________
Milwaukee, W is1
_______________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn1
___________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich____________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J __________________
New Haven, Conn_______________________________
New Orleans, L a 1______________________________
New York, N. Y 1_______________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a 1
______________________________ -__
Oklahoma City, Okla___________________________

Bulletin
number

Price

1345-33
1345-59
1345-38
1345-69
1345-46
1345-37
1345-44
1345-79

20
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa_________________________ . . . 1345-12
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J_________________ 1345-76
Philadelphia, Pa. — J 1
N. ________________________ 1345-31
Phoenix, A r iz __________________________________ 1345-57
Pittsburgh, P a 1________________________________ 1345-40
Portland, Maine_______________________________ 1345-24
Portland, Oreg. —
Wash_________________________ 1345-7 3
Providence—
Pawtucket, R.I.— a ss1____________ 1345-70
M
Raleigh, N. C 1__________________________________ 1385-7
Richmond, V a _____________ -___________________ 1345-19

20
20
30
20
25
20
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111___________________________________
St. Louis, M o .-I ll1____________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah1
___________________________
San Antonio, T ex1______________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif1____
San Diego, Calif 1_______________________________
San Francis co-Oakland, Calif1_________________
Savannah, Ga __________________________________
Scranton, Pa1__________________________________
Seattle, Wash1
__________________________________

1345-55
1345-17
1345-25
1345-78
1385-9
1345-10
1345-34
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
25
25
25
25
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak____________________________
South Bend, Ind________________________________
Spokane, Wash1________________________________
Toledo, Ohio1
__________________________________
Trenton, N. J 1__________________________________
Washington, D .C .—
Md.— a 1
V ____________________
Waterbury, Conn_______________________________
Waterloo, Iowa1
________________________________
Wichita, Kans__________________________________
Worcester, M ass______________________________
York, Pa-----------------------------------------------------------

1345-13
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1345-29
1345-16
1345-49
1345-20
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

20
20
25
25
25
25
20
25
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102