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Occupational Wage Survey
SEATTLE, WASHINGTON
AUGUST 1962

Bulletin No. 1345-4




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STA TIST IC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SEATTLE, WASHINGTON




AUGUST 1962

B ulletin No. 1345-4
December 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

P refa ce

Page

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual oc­
cupational wage surveys in major labor markets. These
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits.
Information on related supple­
mentary benefits is obtained biennially in most of the
labor markets.
A preliminary report which presents earnings
trends for selected occupational groups and average earn­
ings in selected jobs is released within a month after the
completion of the study in each area. This bulletin pro­
vides additional data not included in the preliminary report.
A two-part summary bulletin is issued after the
completion of all of the area bulletins for a round of sur­
veys (for the current round of surveys, the first part of
this bulletin will be available late in 1963 and the second
part early in 1964).
The first part presents individual
labor market data.
The second part presents data re­
lating to all metropolitan areas in the United States.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's re­
gional office in San Francisco, Calif. , by Robert L. Orr,
under the direction of William P. O'Connor.
The study
was under the general direction of John L. Dana, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




Introduction ______________________ — ---------- ------------------— -------- ------------- Wage trends for selected occupational groups ______________ ——_________

1
4

Tables:
1.
2.

A:

B:

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ----- ---- --Percents of change in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ____ _________________ - ---- ------- -------------------Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women ___ ___________ _
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women ___________ ______________________________ .
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined ___ ___ _______ __________ ______
A - 4. Maintenance and power plant occupations __________ ....____
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations _________ ..
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers __
B -2. Shift differentials ______________________________ .._______ ....
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours ____ _____________________ ..._______ .
B -4. Paid holidays _______________ . ___________ ___________________
B -5. Paid vacations ___ ________— ——_____________________1
B -6. Health, insurance, and pension plans ________ _______ ____

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions

__________ _____________ _______ . ___.

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other major
areas.
(See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating em­
ployees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

3
5

8
9
10
11
13
14
1
1

00 O l/i 4-'-

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program

1

19




Occupational Wage Survey—
-Seattle, Wash.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of L abors Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and t-elated wage benefits on an areawide
basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bu­
reau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed are largely due to
(1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among industries and
establishments; (2) differences in specific duties performed, although
the occupations are appropriately classified within the same survey
job description; and (3) differences in length of service or merit
review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer
average service of men would result in higher average pay when
both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job descrip­
tions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usually more
generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number ac­
tually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indi­
cate the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences
in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers.
The concept "office w orkers," as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers"
include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including
leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construc ­
tion employees who are utilized as a separate work force are ex­
cluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly hours are re ­
ported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers ac­
tually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In
establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to a
majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification lfotherM was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4
through B -6 ) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or o f f ic e workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or m a y even: uaJiy qualify for the practices listed.
Sums
of individual item s in f r i t s B -2 through B - 6 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) are limited to data or.
holidays granted annually on a f o r m a l basis; i . e . , (1) are provided
for in written fo r m , or (2) have been established by custom.
Holi­
days o r d in a r ily granted are in cluded even though they may fall on a
nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off.
The
f ir s t part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole
and half holidays actually granted.
The second part combines whole
and half h olidays to show total holiday tim e.
The s u m m a r y of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
f o r m a l p o l i c i e s , exclu din g informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate e s ­
tim ates are p r ov id ed according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earn­
ings, or f l a t - s u m amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation
pay, payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis;
f o r ex am ple, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con­
s i d e r e d as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

3 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met

either of the following conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
An
establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (l) had
operated late shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or
(2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by
the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's
compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans
include those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and
those provided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer
out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this pur­
pose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or ac­
cident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to
which the employer contributes.
However, in New York and New
Jersey, which have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which
require employer contributions,2 plans are included only if the em ­
ployer (l) contributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides
the employee with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 3
which provide full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during
absence from work because of illness. Separate tabulations are pre­
sented according to (1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting
period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay or a waiting
period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions of workers
who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave,
an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive either or both
types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees.
Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave
that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an indi­
vidual basis, were excluded.

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in S e a t tle ,

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

.

W a s h , , 1 b y m a jo r in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , 2 A u g u s t 1962
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
stu d y 3

W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

S tu d ied

S tu d ie d
T ota l 4

O ffice

P la n t

T o ta l4

626

150

2 0 0 ,1 0 0

4 2, 000

116, 300

142, 690

'

225
401

55
95

1 1 7 ,7 0 0
82, 400

2 2 ,7 0 0
1 9 ,3 0 0

7 0, 600
4 5 , 600

96, 720
4 5, 970

50
50
50
50
50

________________________________________________________

67
88
120
69
57

26
13
26
16
14

2 2 ,5 0 0
1 0 ,5 0 0
2 8 , 2 00
13, 3 00
7 ,9 0 0

17, 060
2, 950
1 6 ,1 6 0
6, 750
3, 050

50

M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 --------- -----------------------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------- ------------------------R e t a il t r a d e _____________________________________________________
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _____________________
S e r v i c e s 8 ------------------------------------------------------- — -------------------

3, 600

10, 300

( 6)
2, 900

( 6)
2 2 ,6 0 0

( 6)

(7 )
( 6)

1 T h e S e a t tle S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f K in g an d S n o h o m is h C o u n t i e s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly
a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t
in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r io d
s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v is i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
B e c a u s e th e c i t y o f S e a t t l e 1s e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s an d l o c a l t r a n s i t f a c i l i t i e s a r e m u n i c ip a l ly o p e r a t e d , th e y a r e
2
e x c l u d e d , b y d e f in i t io n , f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the fo l lo w i n g r e a s o n s :
( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le w as
n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , an d (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , but f r o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n ot m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




T a b le 2.

P e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e 1 in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r
s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in S e a t tle , W a sh . , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s

I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

A u g u s t 1961
to
A u g u s t 1962

A u g u st I96 0
to
A u g u s t 1961

A u g u s t 1959
to
A u g u st I96 0

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ---------------------------I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n ) ______________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) ___________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) _________________________________

3.
3.
2.
5.

5
5
5
5

3.
3.
2.
3.

9
6
7
5

2.
2- l .
2.
4.

6
5
4
4

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffi c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ---------------------------I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n ) ______________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) ___________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) _______________________________

3.
3.
2.
3.

5
9
3
5

3.
3.
2.
3.

3
5
1
2

3.
2- l .
2.
3.

9
0
9
2

1 U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , a l l a r e i n c r e a s e s .
2 T h is d e c li n e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s s h ift s in e m p l o y m e n t b e t w e e n h i g h - a n d l o w - w a g e
r a t h e r th a n w a g e d e c r e a s e s .

e s t a b l is h m e n t s

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percentages of change in average
salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in av­
erage earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The
office clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, payroll;
Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B; office
boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenographers,
senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators, class B;
and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based on
men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following 8 skilled
maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the plant
worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics;
mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and die makers;
unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers, material
handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of




the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings
for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate
for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a per­
centage) of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for
the other year was computed and the difference between the result and
100 is the percentage of change from the one period to the other.
The percentages of change measure, principally, the effects
of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force re­
sulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions, and
changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can cause in­
creases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual wage
changes. For example, a force expansion might increase the pro­
portion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower the
average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid workers
would have the opposite effect.
Similarly, the movement of a
high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the ef­
fect of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each
job included in the data. The percentages of change are not influenced
by changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for over­
time, since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

Wage indexes for selected groups of workers based on data from the
labor market surveys were computed for 20 areas between 1953 and I960. In
1961, the labor market occupational wage program was expanded to include
80 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas which will be surveyed annually. This
expansion made data available for the computation of wage indexes for selected
job groupings in each of the 80 areas. The above text represents the method
used in computing these new wage change indexes. The new series was initiated
last year and the data are not comparable with trends published prior to that time.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series
with the following exceptions: The clerical and industrial nurse groups, formerly
restricted to women, now include both men and women. Changes were also made
in the jobs included within job groupings in order that an identical list could be
employed in all areas.

A:

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , S e a ttle , W a sh ., A u g u st 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
40.0 0

Weekly
W
eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.0 0

$
$
$
$
45 00 5 0.00 55.00 6 0 .0 0
50 00

5 5.00

60.0 0

6 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 75.0 0 80.0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 95.0 0 100.00 1 0 5 .00 1 10.00 115 .00 120.00 125 .00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and
70.0 0 7 5 .0 0 80.0 0 85.0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110 .00 115.00 120 .00 1 25.00 130 .00 1 35.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r

%

j

M en
4 0.0
4 0.0
39.5
4 0.0

$ 10 9.0 0
114.00
106.50
110.50

_
-

-

____________

31

4 0.0

101.00

_

_

C l e r k s , o r d e r ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

130
119

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

116.50
115.00

-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

47
42

4 0.0
4 0 .0

102.50
101.00

.

O ffi c e b o y s __________________ _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________ __

138
56
82

4 0.0
4 0.0
39.5

67.00
7 0.50
64.50

_
-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ________________________ __________

96

4 0.0

109.50

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B

j

|
205
63
142
36

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________

_
-

-

_

_

_

-

!

-

.
'

-

-

!

"

.

1

_

_
-

'

_

_

*
-

21

------- :—

-

'

1

-

1

l
l

'

1

_

2

-

-

-

-

_

i

_

|

1 !

_

2
2

I
_ | 21

_
-

26

i

-

-

17
17

28
13
15

19
1
18

19
5
14

8
3
5

-

-

-

-

-

|
!
!

-

!

1 !

i

!

i

33
7
26
2

:

!

-

j

12

!
!

15 !
3 j
12 !
-

,

_

4

-

3
3

!
:

5 !
5 :

2
2

i
1
!
!

2

_
-

20

-

34
29
5

5
5

i
-

!

-

1

5

-

-

-

-

5

40 ;
25
21 1
4
21
19
6
16

4

1
1
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

.

6
2
4

11

_

_

22
21

12
12

11
11

11
6

1
-

_

_
-

-

23

45

i

21
_

45

!

8

!

8 1
_
_
------ -— j
-

12
12
-

1

4
2
1----- —
2

-

-

'

58

25

4

-

7
7
-

1

2
2
-

39
3
36
9

|

_

2 |

_
-

i
!

18
1
17

4
4

4
1
3

-

-

-

3
-

"

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

1

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

2 !

i

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------- -------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

137
83
54

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

103.00
101.00
106.00

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ______ ___ __________________________

49

4 0.0

8 8.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

1
1

7 !

-

9

I

4
1
3

3
1
2

17 i

2
1
1

12

4

1

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) -------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ------------------------------

72
50
25

4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0.0

82.50
86.00
9 9.50

_
-

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ) __________________________ ______
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
R e t a il tr a d e _________________________

84
27
57
39

4 0.0
39.5
4 0.0
4 0.0

8 1.00
9 2.00
75.50
78.00

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

1
-

19
19
-

5
5

4
3
1

“

-

10
5
-

-

15
1
14

1
1
1 !
1
;
- 1

1
-

23
23
23

13
-

i

6

90
71
19

-

4
4
4

1

10
10 !
10 !
t

-

4
4
-

14
7

10
8

8
6

-

8
-

15
14
1

-

'

27
------- —
23
13
2

91
5
86
60
2

35

5
1

5

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

-

‘

_
-

-

-

1
j
J

_
-

4 i
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
!
i

_
-

13
11
ll

12
11
2 I 12
1
9
9
"

3
3
1

i

j

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

3
3

2

.
-

114
93

4 0.0
4 0 .0

79.50
78.00

-

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
___________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

464
44
420

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5

68.5 0
8 3.00
6 7.00

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
. __
R e t a il t r a d e _________________ ______

359
58
301
128
69

39.0
4 0.0
39.0
38.5
4 0 .0

90.5 0
101.50
88.0 0
90.00
86.00

_
-

-

-

2
2

30
30

20
19

14
14

12
3

-

31
31

59
59

116
116

74
74

50
8
42

52
8
44

55
6
49

.
_

_
_

2
2
1

4
4

22

"

-

~

-

-

-

[

i
|

_

34 i 47
r
16 - ------- _ _ 1
------ T

|
22 i
4 i
17
■

|

33 ! 46
9 | 20
8 |
5

13
2

7

i

i
8 l
1

~

-

i

—
I
I
25 !
2 !

1
5

47
n>
32
13
7

j

4
4
11
|
------- 5 ~
!
5 1
!
3 ;
i
1 !

7
5
2
i

11
------- E ~
5
|

2

3

_

!

“

'

_
-

_
“

j -----------




-

i

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ____________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _________ _________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .

-

1

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women-----Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , S e a ttle , W a sh ., A ugust 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME; WEEKLY

Average
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$

4 0.0 0
Weekly
earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) un d er
4 5 .0 0
W
eekly^

$
$
50.0 0 55.00

6 0 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5.0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0
6 5 .0 0 70.0 0 75.00 80.00 85.0 0 9 0 .0 0

5 0.00

5 5 .0 0

6 5.0 0

7 0 .0 0

6 0.00

C l e r k s , f i le , c l a s s A ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________

80.00

7 5 .0 0

i
!
!

W om en — C on tin u ed

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B -------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ____________________
R e ta il tra d e __________________________

896

199
697
183
123
176
55

39-0
4 0 .0
39.0
38.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
39.0

$ 7 9.0 0
8 9.5 0
76.0 0
7 6 .0 0
77.5 0
8 7.5 0
7 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

_

24
24

29
28

82
7
75

10

2

20

-

-

8

_

1

_

1
1

112

5
107
32
5
8
8

8 5.00

90 .0 0

95.0 0

100.00

434
155
279

39.0
4 0.0
38.5

6 5 .5 0
8 0.5 0
57.0 0

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________

316
264

3 9.5
39.5

6 3 .5 0
6 1.5 0

C l e r k s , o r d e r ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
R e ta il tra d e __________________________

218
152
77

4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0 .0

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
R e ta il tra d e __________________________

217
74
143
36
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5
3 9.0
4 0 .0

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------R e t a il tra d e -------------- ---------------------

351
87
264
105

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

D u p lic a tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto) ---------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________

61

47

3 8.5
38.5

K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -----------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________

431
322
109

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -----------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --- --------------------------------

387

O ffic e g ir ls __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




_
-

138

124

8

6

130
45
53

118
8

!

78
19

| 59
1

6

18
1 1 !
15
15

10
10

35
35

103
103

75
4
71

25
5

42

20

1

11

20

31

3
17

l

41
41

58
58

38
34

31
31

39
39

80.0 0

12

22

-

i
|
;
!

14
14

12

22

6

4

-

_
-

_
-

1

_
-

6

-

9 0 .0 0
90 .0 0

8 7.0 0

-

-

8 5.0 0

_
-

_
-

3
3

-

-

_
-

-

-

6 5.5 0
6 2.5 0

-

13
13

-

-

7
7

20

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.0

8 3 .0 0
85.0 0
7 7.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

24

-

11

-

13
13

-

1

13

7 3.00
74.50
7 2.50
7 3 .0 0
7 9.00

_
-

.
-

2

27

84

31

3 9.5
4 0 .0
39.5
39.0
4 0 .0

-

-

113
103
28

3 9.5
39.5
38.5

60.0 0
6 0 .0 0
6 3.50

2

2

-

-

120

267
102

7 5.50
7 6.50
9 0 .0 0

9 0 .5 0

96 .0 0

81.5 0
81.5 0

1

-

84
129
29 : 7 3
55
56
42
2
8
19
49
"

44
7

14

6
22

2
12

16

7

-

-

_

"

~

~

■

~

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

'

_

-

-

"

_

.

-

2

1

1

2

-

"

1

-

"

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_
-

3
3

_
-

_
“

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

-

-

45
45

34
13

6

4

21

2

11

7
7
7

_
-

16

20

9

39
4
35
4

128
99
29
5

13
13
3
7

7
7
-

6

23
4
19
5
4

1

11
10
1

21

5
3

7
r~

3
3

1
1

_
-

.
-

15

2

1

1

-

_
-

3

"

185
165

.
-

1
1

-

29
13

_
-

_

"

-

14
14

'

14
-

2

2

-

20
6

1
2

-

-

17
7

2

4
4

_

10

29
27

15
3

_

8
8

33
17
16

45

10
6
1
1

-

4
4
-

49
24
25
9

5
3
3

69
9
60
25

—

-

_

53

2

_

_

16

77

_

-

54
7
47
13
25

68

_

_

34
9
25

-

_

_

48
48
40

1

_

-

8

6

_

6

24
15
9
9

39
25

-

6

1
16
1

1

-

-

17

52
3

_
"

-

19
4
15
3

6
2

-

"

1

8

14

-

1

-

1

1

2

-

2

23

_

_

3

11
11

"

"

.

_

2

12

-

-

■

1
1

!

8

-

11

8

------7“ 1

16

7

2
1

-

_

-

_

1

8

_

-

"

2

-

_

-

"

’

-

8

_

-

-

-

76
56
7

_

-

_

28
14
14

2

_

-

_

16

5

25

.

-

25

4

-

125 .00 130 .00 1 35.00 1 40 .00 1 45.00 o v e r

2

11

4

6
2

2

s
$
$
$
$
1 25 .00 130 .00 135 .00 140 .00 145 .00
and

120.00

24

12

4

20

120.00

1 1 5 .00

1

37

39

1

1

110.00

1 5 .0 0

14
14
"

43
!
;

5

46
3
43
7

47
47
9

52

10

48
36

-

109
i 109
!
'

45
14
31

12

-

90 .0 0

j
1

60

-

-

66

42

105.00

$
\

j

|
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B __ _________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________

e a r n : NGS OFI

3
4 5 .0 0

8

“

1

3

_
-

1

1
1

"
3

"

1
1

1
1

-

-

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women!-----Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S e a ttle , W a sh ., A u g u st 1962)
Average
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME; WEEKLY EARNINGS OF$
4 0 .0 0

Weekly

$
4 5 .0 0
50.00

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 5 .0 0

$
$
$
50.0 0 5 5.00 6 0 .0 0
55.0 0

6 0.0 0

6 5.0 0

$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 75.00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 100 .00 105 .00 110 .00 115.00 1 20.00 125 .00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and
7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 80.00 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5.0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 1 30.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r

S e c r e t a r ie s _________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
R e t a il t r a d e _____________ _________

1, 529
897
632
156
61

3 9.5
4 0.0
39.0
39.0
4 0.0

$ 1 0 0.5 0
105.00
9 3 .5 0
104.00
9 0.5 0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _______ _________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ _____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _______________ __

2, 260
1, 790
470
105

4 0 .0
4 0.0
39.5
39.5

85.00
87.50
75.00
8 7.00

_
-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r ________ ___________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________

299
40
259
80

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

86.00
89.50
85.50
8 9.50

-

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________ __ _________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
R e t a il tr a d e _________________________

327
74
253
69
49

4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0.0

80.00
86.50
78.50
9 0 .5 0
7 3.50

_
-

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______ _____ _________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________

277
91
186
40
35

3 9.5
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

75.50
79.50
7 3.50
8 3.00
70.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

10

14

!

16

2
2
-

112
8
104
37

45 i
6
39
1
1

33
19
14
6
4

47 !
16
31 !
26
3

36
5
31
30
-

21
9 j
12
5 !
-

10
9
1
l
-

_
-

-

16
2
14
2

_
- !

-

3
3
2

!

-

2
2
-

-

_
-

4
4
-

26
1
25
_
12

19
6
13
1

36
9
27
4

73
18
55
6
11

33
14
19
9
4

15
5
10
1
7

42
16
26
13

12
10
2
1
-

5
5
2

10
6
4
4

1
1
_

_

-

-

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l _________________ _________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------- --------------------

166
149

3 9.0
39.0

72.50
72.00

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

T y p is t s , c l a s s B _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ _____________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
R e t a il tr a d e _________________________

_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_
_

_ _
1 ,0 2_ 0 _
322
698
_ _ 41
_
109

_
_

39.5_
_ _
4 0 .0
_ 3_9.5
_
_ 38.5
_ _

_

_

_

39.5_
_ _
4 0 .0
3 9.0
3_9.0
_
4 0 .0

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

5
1
4

7 9.00
_ _ _
8 3.00
_ 7 3.00_
_ _
_ 71.50_
_ _
67.00
_ _ _
74.00
6 4.0 0
_ 78.50
75.50

_. _
_ -

_

_

_

_ _
-

_

_

_ _
-

_

-

-

I

-

4
4
4

17

-

-

"

-

4
4

27
27

13
13

19
4
15

10
5
5

25
1
24

-

-

13
13

4
4

15
15

2
2

-

16
16

2
2

3
2

5
3

2
"

-

13
13

14
14

26
26

19
17

16
14

51
38

8
8

1
1

9
9

5 1
5 j

4
4

j

1

18
1
17
7

35

73
25
48
11

72
5
67
12

50
4
46
17

281
277
4

6

1

180
17
163
17
22

50
7
43
7
19

249
234
15

61
15
46

-

1

58
-

58
-

238
15
223
-

-

35
-

159
27
132
2
11

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-

12

43

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_

_

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2
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.

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S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




!
!

12
5
7
6

j

J_

6
3
3
_

2

-

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_

i
—
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_

9
1
8
_

-

1

-

.

i
i

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2
2

8

-

13
7
6
6
-

i

32
23
9

3
2

16
9
7
7
-

i

1 122 !
!
75 j
I
4
7 !
!
4

4

85
60
25
22
1

1
1
-

41
34
7

-

8
-

_

_

-

-

54 i
34
20
10
1
_

!

23
3
20
9

-

__ _
-

j

_

-

-

-

_

15
2
13
9

4

33
2
31
7

70.00
67.5 0

425
274
_ _
_ 52
_

113
93
20

62
5
57

39.0
39.0

_699 _
_

209
194
15
11

63 :
17 !
46 !

62
57

_

391
h 366
25
14

17

! 195
175
167 ! 154
28 ! 21
15
12
3 |
1

!
;
I

14
1
13
3

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ____________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

_

48
2
46

272
i 220
52

21
21
5

-

_

526
503
23
!
9
j

188
109
79
15
13

!
1
1
j

_
-

-

_

109 i 604
11 ! 543
98 ! 61
24
6

145
70
75
16
4

_
-

-

_

i

.
-

-

_

! 122
| 19
i 103
1
9
n

_
-

-

-

_

i

: 165
5 33
| 132
j 15
j 18

84
30
54
13

-

_
_

6

52
8
44
2
3

98
39
59
7

-

_
_

-

j

70
11
59
-

-

_

-

24
3
21

52
52

87.50
9 8.00
8 2.50

_

6
6
2

_
-

38.5
4 0.0
38.0

_

.
-

1

_
-

143
47
96

_

.
-

_
-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________ __

T y p is t s , c l a s s A _ _ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

i
|

|
1

W om en — C on tin u ed

_

_

j
;

*

-

_

1

i
-

1

T

8
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S ea ttle, W ash. , A ugust 1962)
N UM BER OF WO RK ERS RECEIVING ST R A IG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A RN IN G S OF—

A veraoe

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
(Standard)

Weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

$
80.00
and
u n d er
85 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

“

“

9 0 . 00

95,00

$
$9 5 . 0 0 1 00 .0 0 105 . 00
“

“

flO

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
. 00 115 . 00 120 .00 125 . 00 1 30 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 155 . 00 1 6 0 .0 0 165 . 00
~

“

“

“

and

■

1 00 .00 1 0 5 . 00 110..00 115 . 00 120.00 115.00 1 3 0 . 00 135 . 00 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 45 , 00 1 5 0 . 0 0 155 . 00 . 1 6 0 . 0 0 165 . 00 . ..o v e r

M en

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

393

40. 0

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r --------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

849
762
87
28

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

118 . 00
1 15 .50
141 . 00
120 .5 0

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

503
446
57

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

93 . 50
89 . 50
124 . 00

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r

$

41

54

72

62

55

47

153
151
2
2

173
158
15
15

99
94
5

65
61
4
4

42
40
2
1

11
9
2
2

34
3
31

25
10
15

“

*

3
3

20

1 39 .5 0
|
-

-

-

-

146
146

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

33
27
6

3
2
1

2

9
9

277
277

~

“

125
124
1

8

2
1

3
3

85
85

-

4

35

12

-

5
5

8

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

1

18

.

2

2

1

1

4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

2

2

4

2

1

18

2

2

1

1

4

4
4

2

1
1

.

_

_

.

_

"

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ---------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------

77
65

40. 0
40. 0

104 . 00
1 06 .5 0

2
1

3
3

50
50

1
1

1 S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




7
11

1
1

Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s il
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , S e a ttle , W a sh . , A u g u st 1962)

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

earnings 1
(Standard)

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

O c c u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is ii

e arnings *
(S tandard)

$ 8 4 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
99. 00

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) ---------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________________________

83
6i
36

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e _______________________________________

88
31
57
39

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ---------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________

114
93

7 9. 50
78. 00

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ---------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________ :------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________ ________________

467
44
423

6 8. 50
83. 00
67. 00

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _ ----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _______________________________________

564
121
443
164
70

97. 00
1 0 8 .0 0
94. 00
9 4. 50
8 6 .0 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B __________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________ — -----------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------- ------------------- ------R e t a il t r a d e _______________________________________

927
220
707
185
123

7 9. 50
9 1 .0 0
7 6. 00
7 6 . 50
7 7. 50

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ______________ ____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------- -----------------------------------

176
55

87. 50
7 8 . 00

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ___________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______ — ------------- -----------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________

434
155
279

6 5. 50
80. 50
57. 00

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C ___________________ .—-------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------- ----- ---------------------------

322
270

6 3. 50
6 1. 50

C l e r k s , o r d e r ______________ __ -----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
------------------------------ ---------- ---------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g — ------------- -----------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --- ------------------------ ----------------

348
77
271
77

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l __ ___ ___
_____
____________ —
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________ __ — ___________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
___ _____ __ ________________
R e t a il t r a d e _____________ _______________________

264
11 6

148
38
42

80.
90.
7 5.
78.

'

50
50
50
00

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________
R e t a il tr a d e ____________
D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r :
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto) --------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________

63
49

$ 8 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
81. 50
8 1. 50

365
101
264
105

‘

6 6 .5 0
63. 50

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________

432
323
109

83. 00
85. 00
7 7 .5 0

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _______
R e t a il t r a d e ____________

388
120
268
102
32

7 3 .0 0
74. 50
72. 50
73. 00
79. 50

O ffic e b o y s and g ir ls _
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

251
66
185
39

64.
6 9.
62.
68.

M a n u fa ctu rin g _____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
R e t a il t r a d e ____

1, 532
897
635
159
61

!
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g .
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
R e t a il tra d e ____

91
198
40
35

50
50
50
00
00

1 0 9 .0 0

' a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
T
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________

$75.
79.
73.
83.
70.

"1 30
150

100,00
9 1 .0 0

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l ------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________

150

7 2. 00

T y p is t s , c l a s s A .
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

699
425
274
52

79.
83.
73.
71.

00
00
00
50

T y p is t s , c l a s s B .
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
R e t a il tr a d e ____

322
700
43
109

67.
74.
64.
79.
7 5.

00
00
00
00
50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________

S ten og ra p h ers, gen era l
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __

1 0 0 .5 0
105. 00
94. 00
1 0 4 .5 0
90. 50
85.
8 7.
75.
8 8.

00
50
50
00

8 6.
8 9.
8 6.
90.

50
50
00
50

80.
8 6.
7 8.
90.
73.

00
50
50
50
50

50
00
00
50

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 .

92. 50
94. 00
9 0. 50
91. 50
8 7 .0 0

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 .
R e t a il tr a d e ____

327
74
253
69
49

E a rn in g s r e la t e to r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly s a la r ie s that a r e -p a id f o r sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

00
00
00
50

2, 269
1 ,7 9 0
4 79
114
303
40
263
84

93.
96".
93.
7 6.

N um ber
of
w orkers

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffi c e o c c u p a t io n s




N um ber
of
w orkers

P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r
D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r —
M a n u fa ctu rin g ----N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

840
87
28

115. 00
141. 00
1 2 0 .5 0

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r ---M a n u fa ctu r in g -----N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

475
57

89. 50
1 2 4 .0 0

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) .
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S e a ttle , W a sh ,, A u g u st 1962)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING ST RAIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EA RN IN G S OF—

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

hourly .
earnings1
2

$

$

$

$

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$

$

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$

$

$

$

2 .2 0
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

10
10

-

75
75

■

"

"

8
5
3

21
19
2

9
1
8

20
13
7

-

11
5
6

60
59
1

22
2
20

40
40

13
13

■

4
4

.

-

16
16

-

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________

163
128
35

$ 2 .9 4
2 .8 9
3 .1 2

-

E n g in e e r s , s ta t io n a r y ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________

289
2 29
60

3 .0 6
3~06
3 .0 6

-

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o il e r ______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

87
82

2 .6 3
2763

H e lp e r s , m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s ___________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

172
164

2 .3 9
2 .3 9

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce _________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

225
2 16

3 .0 8
3 ,0 8

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n ce ) -------------M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________

5 22
140
382
2 75

3 .0 3
2 .8 9
3 .0 8
3 .0 9

_
_
_

_ ,

435
431

3 .0 1
3 .0 2

_

74
74

3 .0 0
3 .0 0

-

O ile r s _______________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

128
128

2 .4 4
2 .4 4

10
10

12
12

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ___________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________ ________________________

73
57

3 .0 0
2 .9 8

-

“

P a t t e r n m a k e r s , w o o d ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________

52
52

3 .6 3
3 .6 3

416
416

8
5
3

2
2

11
8
3

14
13
1

3 .1 6
3 .1 6

N r m m a n n fa rtiirin o

P u b lic u t ilit ie s ^ ______ ____________________

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce
M an u fartnn n cr

_________________________
........

M illw r ig h t s ______________________________ __________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ---------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

-

-

-

-

"

2 .8 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

8
8

1
1

55
49
6

.

■

59
36
23

"

3
3

.

_

_

-

5
5

-

-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

92
92

16
11

49
48

10
10

_

-

-

25
25

3
3

-

-

27
26

10
10

18
18

83
81

19
17

29
29

6
4

6
5

-

-

28
28

2
2

1

-

1
1

22
22

45
45

_
_

_
_

_
.

74
12
62
36

177
28
149
91

138
3
135
125

26
5
21
8

21
10
11
11

.

-

_
.

17
13
4
4

.

_
_

_

_

_

20
20

38
38

32
32

_

25
21

194
194

9
9

82
82

14
14

-

-

-

6
6

“

-

43
43

-

-

9
9

-

11
11

22
22

55
55

13
13

8
8

8
8

"

3
1

-

-

-

_

4

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

"

8

2
2

12
5

"

.

.

-

•
247
247

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s ,
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

$
3 .9 0

and
3.8.Q— -3_n9Q
— over

"

-

-

“

“

1
1

.

.

_

_

"

“

“

"

_

_

_

"

"

■

.

.

_

_

“

■

"

2

_

_

_

'

_

"

“

.

_

_

.

.

21
21

-

-

"
4
4

"
_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

21
21

_

-

-

-

-

"

1
1

3
3

"

1
1

_

.

.

_

_

_

"

"

"

“

■

11
11

6
1

_

_

_

_

_

“

_

~

~

12
12

_

_

_

_

“

“

“

“

40
40

4
4

61
61

4
4

'

------ 5~1

3 .8 0

.

31
31

3 .7 0

"

.

.

3 .6 0

"

-

“
1

-

-

-

-

-




2 .7 0

$

$

$

2 .1 0

and
u n d er

3 .3 0

$
3 .5 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

of

workers

2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

97
97

_

_

_
“

_

_

~

“

3
3

_

11
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , S e a ttle , W a sh . , A u g u st 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average $
hourly 2 1. 40 *1. 50
earnings^ and
u n d er
1. 50 1. 60

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3. 20

1. 70

1. 80

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2 ,5 0

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2, 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

-

5
1
4
-

-

-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s (w o m e n ) ------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------

333
253
48

1. 86
1. 81
1. 77

1
1
1

6
5
1

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 -----------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------

1, 534
550
984
483
110

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

59
43
68
75
60

-

-

O r d e r f i l l e r s _____________________ ________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------

990
202
788

2. 59
2. 69
2. 57

-

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m e n ) -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------

201
120
81

2. 42
2. 27
2. 64

-

1
1

-

-

-

8
5
5
3

6
3
3
3

7
5
2
3
2

"

118
14
104
2
18

214
2
212
71

351
241
110
1
38

5
5
5

189
189
29

21
21
8

-

30
28
2
2

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

65

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s ----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------

481
301
180
102

2.
2.
2.
2.

Sh ippin g c l e r k s -------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------

155
68
87

2. 75
2. 72
2. 77

Sh ippin g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------

98
58
40

2. 67
2. 80
2. 50

45
33
66
67

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

"

"

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

37
37
6
31

18
18
18

237
227
227
10

8
2
2
6

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

45
35
35
10

13
13
12
1

"

42
39
27
12
3

~

“

~

"

~

104
47
57
28
9

153
125
28
10
5

94
32
62
53
1

102
98
4
3
1

66
64
2
2

141
127
14
14

7
7
4
3

.

_

-

3
3
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

77
23
3

4
2
1

28
5

2
2

_
"

_
-

.
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

'

"

'

_
"

_
~

3
3
1
2

20
14
6
1
5

130
130
-

118
57
61
2
11

87
43
44
29
15

171
124
47
3
44

316
8
308
8

373
5
368
358

41
41
-

24
24
-

“

74
74
"

-

-

17
17

-

6
6

402
24
378

71
24
47

354
38
316

46
11

_
■

31
29
2

9
9

75
8
67

11
8
3

-

"

_
-

16
16

52
52

5
5

~

“

~

3
5

6
2
4
4
“

_

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

“

“

“

.

5

144
144
-

4
1
3
3

4
2
2
2

60
9
51
19

57
9
48
45

72
21
51
26

24
6
18
5

8
6
2

_

9
9

7
3
4

_

6
5
1

5
5

43
25
18

50
50

_
-

17
5
12

23
14
9

25
22
3

7
6
1

4
3
1

-

-

-

~

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

“

3
3

-

1
1

1
1

_

3
3
~

-

“

3
3

5
5

"
1
1.

-

.

■

-

"

87
87
"

1
1

.

12
12

"
20

10
10
~

63
60
3

-

2
2

48
48
25

19
16
3

5

-

-

80
80
80

11

-

~

-

'

22

_
-

-

”

1

1

-

"

_
~

$
3. 30
and
over

-

-

_
-

2. 22

s h ip p in g (w o m e n ) ----------------------------------




$
2. 30

7
7

2. 09
2. 20
1. 95
2. 21
1 .9 6

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

$
2. 20

6
6

1, 358
754
604
103
160

P ack ers,

$
2. 10

1
1

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s (m e n ) ------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -----------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------

_
-

$
2. 00

-

435
384
311
73
51

40
43
49
18
20

$
1. 90

4
4
4

G u a rd s and w a tc h m e n ------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------G u a r d s --------------------------- ----------------------------W a tch m e n -----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

$
1. 80

65
65
47

72
72
53

-

$
1 .7 0

2
2
2

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (w o m e n ) ---------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------

$ 1. 64
1. 64
1. 63

$
1. 60

5 ‘
4
1
1

„

.

10
10
■

1
1
1

2
2
~

21
21

4
1
3

1
1

3
1
2

5
5

2
2

.

3
3

"

-

1
1

-

12
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , S e a ttle , W a sh ., A u g u st 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

$

3
3
'

1
1
"

116
3
113
83

5
1
4
4

38
38

_

77
2
75
75

1

1

"

"

"

"

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to and
in clu d in g 4 ton s) _____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ________________________

635
97
538
491

2.80
3 .00
2.77
2.75

“

_
"

"

“

-

“

"

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

"

"

677
49
628
162

3 .06
3 .1 2
3 .06
2.87

"

_
"

-

-

-

_

-

“

_

~

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 t o n s ,
oth e r than t r a il e r ty p e) ______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________

181
71
110

3.01
3.11
2.95

-

-

"

"

-

-

-

1
1

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift) ----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ___ ____________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________

812
584
228

2 .62
2.53
2.87

~

39
39
“

215
209
6

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th e r than
fo r k lift ) ____________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

170
165

6
6

10
10

100
96

$

3

.

_

_

“

“

"

~

124
4
120
120

85
52
33

26
11
15
3

4
3
1
1

21
21
-

-

123
123
123

153
153
36

113
28
85

238
6
232

17
14
3
2

32
32
1

2.90

$

S,
3 .3 0
and
ove r

36
4
32
1

‘

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a il e r ty p e) ----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ________________________

16
12

-

_

~

38
35
3
2

-

~

2
2
-

'

“

-

318
74
244
1

1
1
-

-

-

168
58
1 10
3

277
277
277

-

-

533
293
240
36

13
13
11

2 .40

-

295
4
291
243

4
4
4

2.30

-

3 .3 0

8
1

2 .20

2.63
2.59

3.20

1
1

2 .10

68
52

3 .1 0

286
8
278
278

2 .00

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er l 1/2 t o n s) ---------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________

3 .0 0

14

1.90

"

2 .9 0

14
12

1.80

$ 2 .94
3 .02
2.91
2.78

$
3 .2 0
-

2 .8 0

1.70

1 ,8 1 5
486
1 ,3 2 9
663

$
3.10
-

2 .7 0

$
2.10
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4 _________ — _____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ___________________________

3 .0 0
-

2.60

$
2 .00
-

2.50

-

$
2 .8 0
-

$
1.90
-

2.40
-

$

$
2 .7 0
-

$
1.80
-

2.30
-

$

$
2 .6 0
-

$
1.70
-

2.20
-

$

2.50
-

$
1.60
-

"

$
$
1.50
1.40
hourly
earnings 2 and
u n d er
1.60
1.50

2.43
2 .42

-

-

_

-

“

"

-

_
-

"

"

-

-

-

"

"

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

~

-

-

_

“

-

-

-

1
i_______

1 D ata lim it e d to m en w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s of s iz e and ty p e o f tru c k o p e r a t e d .




and la te

s h ifts.

'

1
1

-

'

-

-

-

-

108
108

82
54
28

‘
47
42
5

1

.
"

"

'

1
1

48
48

44
2
42

45
30
15

203
84
119

-

64
54
10

-

-

-

19
4
15

49
9
40

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

"

'

-

23
13
10

-

_

_

"

53
53

-

1

-

B:

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(D is t r ib u t io n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y fo r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , S e a ttle , W a sh ., A u g u st 1962)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts

M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

_________________________________________

M a n u fa ctu rin g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

M a n u fa ctu rin g

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

371 2
/

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

XX X

95

XX X

XXX

150

55

XX X

95

XXX

XXX

19

43

7

34

72

21

21

51

7

42

_
1
1
2
3
-

_
3
4
4
4
2
3
4
4
2
1
1
1
1

2
4
7
5
9
12
3
10
3
6
3
3
2
1
1
1

1
1
3
8
3
2
1
1
1
-

1
_
1
3
8
3
2
1
1
1
-

1
2
_
1
_
3
_

.
_
6
5
5
4
3
4
3
6
3
1

62

19

.
2
6
5
9
10
3
8
5
4
2
3
2
2
1

_
1
1
3
6
1
2
1
2
1
1
-

-

.
1
5
5
6
4
2
6
4
4
2
1
1
1
1

'

-

1
4
6
5
6
4
3
7
3
6
3
1
1
1

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f ie d m in im u m ----------------------

21

11

XXX

10

XXX

X XX

29

15

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n t s w h ic h d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ________________________________________________

67

25

X XX

42

XXX

XXX

49

19

XXX

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
u n d er
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0

_
1
1
3
6
1
2
1
2
1
1
-

-

-

T h e s e s a la r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l ly e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m sta rtin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s that a r e paid f o r sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s co m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




40

55

_______________

$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0

37 Vz

150

___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f ie d m in im u m

2

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

-

-

_
-

1
1

14

XXX

XXX

30

X XX

X XX

14
Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(S h ift d iff e r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s by ty p e and a m ount o f d iff e r e n t ia l, S ea ttle, W ash. , A u g u st 1962)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a vin g fo r m a l
p r o v is i o n s 1 f o r —
2

S h ift d i ff e r e n t ia l

S e co n d sh ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift w o rk

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

9 7. 0

W ith s h ift pay d i ff e r e n t ia l ------------------------------------

97. 0

U n ifo r m ce n t s (p e r h ou r) --------------------------------

7 8 .6

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—

T ota l

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

9 2. 8

22. 6

4. 2

9 2. 8

22. 6

4. 2

2 0. 7

20. 5

1. 6

1 .2
1. 1
2 .9
.6
1 .6
2. 1
3. 1
.8
7. 1
.3

.2
. 1
1. 1
.5
. 1
. 1
.3
-

. 1
. 2
.2
1. 1
. 1

3 c e n ts --------------------------- ----------------------------4 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------------5 ce n t s ----------------------------------------------------------6 ce n t s ----------------------------------------------------------7 c e n ts _______________________________________
7 1/z ce n t s ---------- — ----------------------------------8 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------------8 l /z ce n t s
-----------------------------------------------------9 ce n t s ----------------------------------------------------------10 ce n t s --------------------------------------------------------12 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------------I 2 V 2 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------15 ce n t s -----------------------------------------------------—O v e r 15 ce n t s -----------------------------------------------

.8
1. 2
5. 1
2. 1
. 5
.4
1 .6
3. 6
4. 6
54. 9
.8
.4
2. 7

F u ll d a y 's pa y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ----------------F u ll d a y 's pa y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ,
p lu s ce n t s d i ff e r e n t ia l ----------------------------------F u ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ,
p lu s p e r c e n t a g e d i ff e r e n t ia l ------------------------

.6

.6

. 1

10. 0

63. 1

1. 1

7. 7

8. 3

.9

. 1

-

-

-

-

W ith no sh ift p a y d i ff e r e n t ia l -------------------------------

1.0

.9
1 5 .4
. 1
.8

2. 4

1
I n clu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith fo r m a l p r o v is i o n s c o v e r in g la t e s h ifts
e v e n though th ey w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s by sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , S e a ttle , W a s h ., A u g u st 1962)
PLAN T WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

W eek ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s
35 h o u r s
37
h ou rs
^ 9 ? j ^ Vim iv.d

All
j
industries

--------------------------------------------------------------------------_____ _ _
_____ _
_

. ..

____ ____ _______
_ _ __________
_ _______

100

11
3
86

Manufacturing

100

Public ,
utilities

100

1

34

99

66

Retail trade

All
,
industries3

100

100

100

3

4

97

96

_
100

j

_
_

Manufacturing

_
_

1 In clu d e s da ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u stry d i v is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In clu d e s da ta f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u str y d i v is i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .




Public,
utilities

100

_
100

Retail trade

100

_
_
100

15
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f f ic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r of p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , S e a ttle , W a sh ., A u g u st 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o rk e r s

_______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s _______________________
_________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s _________________________________

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 12
3

Retail trade

All
industries J

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

(4 )

N um ber of da y s

3 h o lid a y s ____________________________ ___________
4 h o lid a y s ---------------- -------------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------- _
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf da y _______________________
7 h o lid a y s ______________________ ____________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf da y _____________________ _
8 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s __________ ____ _________
9 h o lid a y s __ _______________________________________
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ---------- ----------------------1 0 h o lid a y s _____________________ __________________

(4
")

-

1

1

(4 )
42

(4 )
12

(4 )

87
(4 )

2
1

3
82
15

(4 )
99
(4 )

6
-

5
(4 )
47

16
-

-

-

8

8

84
-

(4 )
30
-

71
-

:

1

52
1

-

1

40

-

-

62
-

-

21
-

-

-

-

40
41

62
62

21
21

84
84
84
84
100

T ota l h o lid a y t im e 5

1 0 d a y s _______________________ _____________________
9 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________ ___________
8 o r m o r e d a y s _________ __________________________
7 1 /z o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________ ___

7 or
V2
or
4 or
3 or
6
6

m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________ _
m o r e d a y s ________ _________________________
m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
m o r e d a y s _________________________________ _

3
4
56
57
99

(4 )
87
87
99

15
15
97

99

99

97

100
100
100

100
100
100

100
100
100

0)
(4
100

88

100
100
100
100

88

92
92

92
92

93
93
99

100
100
100

100
100
100

1 In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d ition to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 I n clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A ll c o m b in a t io n s of fu ll and h a lf d a y s that add to the sa m e am ou n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s th o se w ith
7 fu ll d a y s and no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll da ys and 2 h alf d a y s, 5 fu ll d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u la ted .




16
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f ic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is i o n s , S e a ttle , W a sh . , A u g u st 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll w o rk e rs

___________

__________________________

All
,
industries 1

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities

Retail trade

All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Publie 2
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
(4 )
-

99
99
-

100
97
3
-

100
100
-

99
95
4
-

99
94
5
-

100
95
5
-

100
100
-

(4 )

(4 )

1
29
1

(4 )
8

_

17
4

12
7
32

13
2
53

-

(4 )
54
1
11
31
2

H
42
2
2
51
3

(4 )
23
4
38
32
2

(4 )
28
6
10
52
3

_

_

32
3
65
-

5

(4 )
8
5
53
32
2

(4 )
12
8
25
52
3

6
3
91
-

3
4
58
32
2

5
7
33
52
3

100

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s ___________________________________
L e n g t h - o f-t i m e p a y m en t _____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m en t _________________________
F la t - s u m p a y m en t _ __________________________
O th er ___________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t io n s
„ ________________ ________

-

Amount of vacation p a y 5
A f t e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d er 1 w e e k _____________________________________
1 w e e k ________________ __________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _______________________

50
1

_
52
4

16
1
-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w e e k
_
__
__
__ ____
1 w e e k __________ _____ __________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

15

_

-

6

-

-

85

36
64

-

94
-

-

-

_

.

88
12
-

-

_

_

40

94
1
5

-

60
-

-

-

"

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w e e k _________ ________ _______________
1 w e e k _______________________ ____________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ______ __ __ __ ------------- __ ----------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

2
2
96
-

1
-

99
-

_

9
18
73

-

100

-

-

-

(4 )

(4 )

-

_

_

_

_

1
97
2

1
1
96

-

(4 )

-

95
-

"

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w e e k -------------- --------------------------------------1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______ ___
________
2 w e e k s ............
.
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
-------- ------ -----------3 w e e k s ______
_____ __________________________

1
(4 )
98
-

1

100

-

-

2

-

1
1
96

_

_

_

-

100
-

(4 )

-

6
3
91
-

_

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______ ____________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________ ____
2 wp.pkfi
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________ ____
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble,




c>
(4 )
98

98

-

-

-

1

2

2

-

100

.

-

(4 )

-

100
-

17
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and pla n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d i v is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is i o n s , S e a ttle , W a sh ., A u g u st 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n

All
.
industries1
3
2

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

Public,
utilities

Retail trade

All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public2
utilities

Retail trade

p a y 5------- C o n t i n u e d

A f t e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___ ___________________ _____ ________ .
2 w e e k s __ ________________ _____ — ------------- _
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s __________ __ __ _________________________

_

_

(4 )
96
1
3

(4 )
95
(4 )
4

95
5

(4 )
73
1
26
-

(4 )
87
1
12
_

_
72
1
27
_

(4 )

(4 )

-

(4 )
69
1
29
_

(4 )
86
14
_

_
57
43
-

(4 )

(4 )

(4 )
48
49
1
2

(4)
84
14
1

(4 )
48

(4 )
84

-

-

40
13

13
3

71
28

76
16

(4 )
48

(4 )
84

_

_

1

8

-

-

-

-

22
(4 )
28
1

9
1
5
(4 )

37

43

-

-

62
‘

49
"

99
(4 )

(4 )
64
32
3

(4 )
43
52
4

.

.

99
_

99
_
1

(4 )
31
33
35
1
(4 )

(4 )
23
54
21
1
(4 )

67
4
30
_

20
_
80
_

-

-

(4 )
17
33
48
1
(4 )

(4 )
11
54
33
1
(4 )

.

.

47
_
53
_

15
_
85
_

(4 )
6
31
59
1
2

(4 )
2
51
44
1
1

.

.

2
_
98
_

11
_
89
_

-

-

(4 )
6
31
50
12

(4 )
2
51
39
7

(4 )
6
31
44
1
16
(4 )

(4 )
2
51
37
1
8
(4 )

(4 )

A f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w eek
___________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______ _____ _____________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______ ____________ _
3 w e e k s ______ ____________ ___ __________ _______
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __ _____ ___________
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------- -----------------------

_
9
91
-

.

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________ __ _____________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _________ ___ _________________ ___________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ______ _____ ____________ ____________ _

_
8
92
_
-

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______ ____________ ___ __________ __
____
2 w e e k s __________________________________________ _
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _______________ ___ ______ __ _______ ____ ____
_
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _________ _______ __
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

_
1
96
2

_
8
92
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___ _____ ___________________ _____ ____
2 w e e k s __ _____ ___________________ ________ _
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __ _____ __ _____ _
3 w e e k s __ _____ ___ _______ _____ _______________
4 w e e k s __ ___________________________ ___________

_

_

1

8

-

-

.

.

2

11

_

_

59
39

76
13

A f t e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w ppV
2 w e e k s ___ _____ _____ __ ________ ___________ ___
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __ ________________ _
3 w e e k s __ ___ ________________________________ ____
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __ __ __ __ _______
4 w e e k s __ ___________________ __________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ______ _____ __ — ----------------------

_
2

_
11

-

_

31

68

_

_

67

21

-

1 In c lu d e s data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d ition to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r than "le n g th of tim e , " su ch a s p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m en t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a nnual e a rn in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b it r a r i ly c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f le c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v is i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the ch a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in clu d e ch a n g e s in p r o v is i o n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a t e s a r e cu m u la tiv e .
T hus, the
p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a ft e r fe w e r y e a r s of s e r v i c e .




18
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o f f ic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f it s , 1 S e a ttle , W a s h ., A u g u st 1962)
3
2
OFFICE WORKERS

T yp e o f b e n e fit

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public
utilities'5

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------A c c id e n t a l dea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b oth 5 _________________________

99

98

98

81

93

59

92

96

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e -----------S ic k le a v e (fu ll pa y and no
w a itin g p e r io d ) ---------------------------------------S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l pa y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) __________________________

24

A ll w o r k e r s

-----------------------------------------------------------

A1
.1
industries

All
industries4

Manufacturing

Publicj
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

99

95

95

95

100

64

85

90

58

90

84

96

95

96

84

98

8

25

63

87

94

38

90

73

89

31

11

36

52

32

4

7

2

42

36

10

4

35

19

52
52
49
35
84
( 6)

17
17
17
7
95
( 6)

59
59
56
78
70
1

99
99
67
46
47
( 6)

96
96
92
24
78
2

99
99
98
12
91
1

70
70
58
85
81

100
100
92
27
52

L

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g :

H o s p ita liz a t io n in s u r a n c e ----------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e
---------------------------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ---------------------------------------No h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan -----

1 I n clu d e s t h o se pla n s fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c ia l s e c u r i t y ,
and r a il r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 U n d u p lica te d to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e pla ns a r e li m it e d to th o s e w h ic h d e f in it e ly
e s t a b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay that c a n be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n fo r m a l s i c k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A —
Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)— ses a special billing ma­
U
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number o f carbon copies o f
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

19

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A — an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B —
Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow ing:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used sten cils or Ditto;
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—Under c lo s e supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s sp ecified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

22

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
calls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—
Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or sp ecia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little specia l
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spellin g, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B—
Performs one or more o f the follotuing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
ic ie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
o f a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, e le c­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gen cies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use o f drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength o f materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises o f a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies
plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES-Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, iayout, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma-




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le ct proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs o f
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
ch inist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; settin g up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working
properties of the common metals; selectin g standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

25

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment an<J
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in die trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.



PATTERNMAKER, WOOD
Builds wooden patterns, core boxes, or match plates. Work in­
volves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from blue­
prints, drawings, or models; making standard shop computations relating
to dimensions of work; using a variety of patternmaker's handtools such
as saws, planes, ch isels, gauges, and mallets; operating various wood­
working machines such as band saws, circular saws, borers, routers,
lathes, planers, drill presses, sanders, and shapers; checking work with
calipers, rules, protractors, squares, straight-edges, and other measuring
instruments; assembling patterns and sections of patterns by gluing, nail­
ing, screwing, and doweling; working to required tolerances and allowances;
selecting the materials for the construction of a particular pattern. May
also make sweeps (templates) for making molds by the sweep-molding
method. In general, the work of the patternmaker requires a rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain,
proper color or con sistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecification s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating system s are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifica tion s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




27

PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type o f container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one'or more o f the follow ­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records o f the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cu s­
tomers1 orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

28

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers' houses or places of business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

*

U S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 19 63 0 — 6 7 0 6 6 7


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102