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Occupational Wage Survey

PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA
NOVEMBER 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-24




U N IT ED S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




N O V E M B E R

1 9 6 0

B u lle tin N o . 1 2 8 5 -2 4
January 1961

U N IT E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e C o m m u n ity W age S u r v e y P r o g r a m

I n t r o d u c t io n ______________________________________________________
W age t r e n d s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s _______________________

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s r e g u l a r l y co n d u c ts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f im p o r ta n t in d u s t r ia l
c e n t e r s . T h e s t u d ie s , m a d e f r o m la te f a l l to e a r l y s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta r y
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the stu d y in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in the m o n th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
d a ta n o t in c lu d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a t e d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u l t s o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a ft e r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin f o r the c u r r e n t ro u n d o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :

T h is
o f fic e in N e w
d ir e c t io n o f
D ir e c t o r f o r




1.
2.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ____________
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f
in c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s __________________________

A.

r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
Y o r k , N . Y . , b y E l l i o t A . B r o w a r , u n d e r the
F r e d e r i c k W . M u e l l e r , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l
W a g e s an d I n d u s t r ia l R e la t io n s .

B.

3
3

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A -l.
O ff ic e o c c u p a t io n s ____________________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s _________________
A - 3. M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s _______________
A - 4 . C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ___________

5
10
11
13

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s :*
B - 1 . S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________________________________
B - 2 . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m en o f fic e w o r k e r s ___
B - 3 . S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s _______________________________
B - 4 . P a id h o lid a y s ________________________________________
B - 5 . P a id v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ___________________

16
17
18
19
20
22

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________

* N O T E : S im il a r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le in the P h ila d e lp h ia a r e a
r e p o r t s f o r O c t o b e r o f 1 9 5 1 , 19 5 2 , and 19 5 3 , N o v e m b e r 19 5 4 , 19 5 5,
and 19 5 6 , O c to b e r 19 5 7 , N o v e m b e r 1958 and 1959*
M o s t o f the
r e p o r t s in c lu d e d a ta on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y
w a g e p r o v is io n s .
A d i r e c t o r y in d ic a tin g d a te o f stu d y and the p r ic e
o f the r e p o r t s , a s w e ll a s r e p o r t s fo r o th e r m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a i l a ­
b le upon r e q u e s t.
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta r y
w a g e p r a c t ic e s in the P h ila d e lp h ia a r e a a r e a ls o a v a ila b le f o r the
m a c h in e r y in d u s t r ie s (M a rc h I9 6 0 ), h o te ls (M a rc h I9 6 0 ), b a n k in g
(M ay I960), p o w e r la u n d r ie s and d r y c l e a n e r s ( A p r il I9 6 0 ), n o n fe r r o u s
fo u n d r ie s (M ay I9 6 0 ), flu id m ilk (June I9 6 0 ), and h o s p ita ls (J u ly
I9 6 0 ).
U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a ­
b le f o r th e fo llo w in g t r a d e s o r in d u s t r ie s : B u ild in g c o n s t r u c t io n ,
p r in tin g , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s
and h e l p e r s .
iii

1
4

23




Occupational W age Survey—Philadelphia, Pa.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is on e o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 1s B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s h as
con d u cted s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w ag e b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , data w e r e ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u re a u f ie ld e c o n o m is t s 1 to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u str y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o rta tio n , 2
co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th ey fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
ran t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te ta b u la tion s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied . In co m b in in g the data, h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
ce p t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh ow n f o r
fu ll- t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k On w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
N on p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in c e n tiv e ea r n in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h e re w e e k ly
h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e
o c c u p a tio n s h a v e been rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f m e n and w o m e n a r e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich b oth s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in p a y le v e ls o f m e n and w o m e n in th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
la r g e ly due to ( } ) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f th e s e x e s am ong
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c if i c d u ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o c c u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s if i e d w ithin
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
i c e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju ste d on th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m e n w ou ld r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e p a y
w hen both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the sa m e r a te r a n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if i c d u ties
p e r fo r m e d .

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
T he o c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O cc u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
take a cco u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in the sa m e
jo b . (S ee ap p en d ix f o r lis tin g o f th e se d e s c r ip t i o n s .) E a rn in g s data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A -B e r ie s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tion s: (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te ­
n an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a te s r e p r e s e n t th e to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and n ot th e n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c tu r e a m on g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s t im a te s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed
f r o m the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e
r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s stu d ied .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e d o n o t m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W a ge P r o v is io n s

1 D ata w e r e ob ta in ed b y m a il fr o m s o m e o f the s m a lle r e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts f o r w h ich v is it s b y B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la s t
p r e v io u s s u r v e y in d ica te d e m p lo y m e n t in r e la t iv e ly fe w o f the o c c u ­
p a tion s stu d ied .
U nusual ch a n g es r e p o r t e d b y m a il w e r e v e r ifie d
w ith e m p lo y e r s .
2 R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x clu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e se stu d ie s,
w e r e in clu d e d in a ll o f the a r e a s stu d ied s in c e J u ly 1959, e x ce p t
B a ltim o r e , B u ffa lo , C le v e la n d , and S ea ttle.
R a ilr o a d s a r e n ow in ­
clu d ed in the s c o p s o f a ll la b o r -m a r k e t w ag e s u r v e y s .




In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fits a s th ey r e ­
la te to o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s .
T h e t e r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u se d
in th is b u lle tin , in clu d e s w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v istfry
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o f e s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s ” in ­
clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is t r a tiv e ,

2

e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u tiliz e d a s a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x clu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s ­
t r ie s , bu t a r e in clu d ed a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d b oth in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o lic y , 3 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t ap p lyin g to
a m a jo r it y w a s u se d o r , i f n o am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w as u sed .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich so m e la t e sh ift h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d on ly
i f it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s .
M in im u m en tra n ce r a te s (ta b le B -2 ) r e la t e on ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d on an e s ta b lis h m e n t, r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
h ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly bn the
b a s i s that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll pla n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
jo r i t y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . S ch ed u led h o u r s a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll pla n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 4 B e c a u s e o f rou n d in g, su m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in th ese
ta b u la tion s m a y n ot equ al to ta ls .
The f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a r t
c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow to ta l h o lid a y t im e .

Data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n
p la n s fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
ex cep tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su ch a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such p la n s in clu d e th o se
u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n ce co m p a n y and th o se p r o v id e d
th rou gh a u nion fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t
o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D eath
b e n e fits a r e in clu d ed a s a fo r m o f lif e in s u r a n ce .

S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su r a n ce u nder w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w e e k ly o r m on th ly b a s is du rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o rk and N ew J e r s e y , w hich
h ave en a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r co n trib u tio n s , 5 p la n s a r e in clu d ed on ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the law . T ab u lation s
o f p a id s i c k - le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 6 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep a ra te ta b u la tion s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and n o w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r t ia l pa y o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plica ted to ta l is
show n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e iv e e it h e r o r b oth ty p es o f b e n e fits .

The su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n p la n s is lim ite d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith p a y is g ra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te e s t im a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m en ts, su ch
a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual- e a r n in g s, o r fla t -s u m a m ou n ts.
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tion s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts n ot on
a tim e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; lo r e x a m p le , a p a ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d a s the eq u iv a len t o f 1 w e e k 's pa y.

C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s exten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in c lu d e s th o se p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b ey on d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n ce r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Such p la n s m a y b e u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y b e
s e lf-in s u r e d . T a b u la tion s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim ite d to
th o se p la n s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a y m en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

3 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h avin g a p o li c y i f it m e t
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s : (1 ) O p era ted la te sh ifts a t the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts.
4 S ch edu led w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c tio n o f
ta b le B -3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r io r to J u ly 1957 w e r e p r e s e n te d in
t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ff ic e s
w ith the in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

5 The t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia an d R h ode Isla n d
do n ot r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s .
6 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h aving a fo r m a l p la n i f
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s o f s i c k le a v e that
co u ld b e e x p e cte d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Such a p la n n e e d n ot b e w ritte n ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
w e r e e x clu d e d .




3

T ab le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s within scop e of su rve y and num b er studied in P h iladelp h ia, P a . , 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 N ove m b er I9 6 0

In dustry d iv isio n

A ll d iv isio n s

N u m b er of e sta b lish m e n ts

M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
of study

------------------------------------------------ -----------------------------

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scope of study

W ithin scope
of study*

_

Studied

Studied
T otal 4

O ffice

P lant

T o t a l4

1 ,4 3 6

310

5 5 3 , 80 0

1 0 9, 500

33 7 , 40 0

34 5 , 050

■

645
791

129
181

3 0 4 ,7 0 0
2 4 9 ,1 0 0

4 0 , 000
6 9 ,5 0 0

2 0 8 ,6 0 0
12 8, 80 0

1 7 8, 370
1 6 6 ,6 8 0

100
50
100
50
50

72
250
106
176
187

28
37
31
45
40

7 5 , 000
3 0 ,0 0 0
71 , 100
4 5 , 600
2 7 ,4 0 0

16, 200
9 , 300
9 , 200
2 8 ,8 0 0
6, 00 0

4 2 , 70 0
1 1 ,8 0 0
54, 80 0
6 2, 300
17, 200

6 5 , 390
7 , 09 0
55 , 98 0
2 9 ,3 3 0
8 , 89 0

-

100

M anufacturing ---------------------- —--------------------------------------------------N on m anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------------T ran sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ication , and
other public u t i li t i e s 5 ------------------------------------------------------W h o le sa le tra de ______________________________________________
R e ta il tra de
------------------------------------------------------------- ----------F in a n c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l estate ------------------------------S e r v i c e s 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 The P hiladelp h ia A r e a (D e la w a re and P hiladelp h ia C o u n tie s, P a . , and C am d en C ounty, N. J . ) .
The "w o r k e r s within scope o f stu d y " e s tim a te s shown in this table p rovid e a r ea so n a b ly
ac cu rate d e sc r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
The e stim a te s a r e not intended, h ow ever, to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r iso n w ith other a r e a e m p lo y ­
m ent in d e xes to m e a s u r e e m p loym en t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f esta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n sid e r a b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p erio d studied,
and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m e n ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the scope of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition o f the Standard In d ustrial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r ch an ges fr o m the e a r lie r ed ition (u se d in the
B u re a u ’ s la b o r m a r k e t w age su rv e y s conducted p r io r to July 1958) are the tr a n s fe r of m ilk p a ste u riz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c rete e sta b lish m e n ts fr o m tra de (w h o le sa le o r reta il) to
m an u factu rin g, and the tr a n s fe r of radio and te le v is io n b r oad castin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In cludes a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with total em p loym en t at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a rea) o f com p a n ie s in such in d u str ie s as tra d e , fin a n c e, auto rep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In cludes e x ec u tiv e, p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the sep arate o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp ortation w ere ex clu d ed .
6 E s tim a te r e la te s to r e a l estate e sta b lish m e n ts on ly.
7 H o te ls; p e r so n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile re p a ir sh op s; m otion p ic tu r e s; n onprofit m e m b e r sh ip o r g a n iza tio n s; and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

T ab le 2.

Indexes o f standard w ee k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation al groups in P h ilad e lp h ia, P a . ,
N o v e m b er I9 6 0 and N o v e m b er 19 59 , and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r se le c te d p erio d s
Indexe s
(O c to b e r 19 52 = 100)

Industry and occu p ation al group

N o v e m b er
I9 6 0

N o v e m b er
1959

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
O cto ber 1953
O ctober 1957 N o v e m b er 1956 N o v e m b e r 19 55 N o v e m b e r 1954
N o v e m b e r 1959 N o v e m b er 1958
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
N o v e m b e r I9 6 0 N o v e m b er 1959 N o v e m b er 1958
O cto b e r 1957
N o v e m b e r 1956 N o v e m b e r 1955 N o v e m b e r 1954

A ll in d u str ie s:
O ffice c le r ic a l (w om en) ---------------In d ustrial n u r se s (w om en) _______
S killed m ain tenan ce (m en) _______
U n sk illed plant (m en) ______________

14 3.
14 6.
14 3.
14 3.

0
1
8
5

13 8. 6
14 2. 1
1 3 9 .7
14 0. 8

3. 2
2. 8
3. 0
1 .9

3 .4
5. 3
5. 1
4. 7

4.
3.
3.
5.

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w om en) ___________
In d ustrial n u r se s (w omen) ----------S killed m ain tenan ce (m en) ----------U n sk illed plant (m en) ______________

1 4 1 .9
14 5. 6
14 2. 1
1 4 1 .7

1 3 7 .4
1 4 1 .7
13 8. 9
13 9. 6

3.
2.
2.
1.

3. 1
5 .9
5. 0
5. 7

4. 2
2 .4
3. 2
4 .9




3
8
3
5

0
7
2
0

O cto b e r 19 52
to
O cto ber 1953

5 .7
6. 5
5. 2
6. 0

6. 5
6. 2
5. 2
4 .7

3 .4
4. 3
4 .0
6. 0

3 .4
3. 0
4 .4
4. 3

7. 1
7. 1
7 .2
4. 5

6.
5.
5.
5.

5. 1
6. 1
5 .4
4. 5

2. 8
5. 0
3 .8
5. 5

4 .6
2 .9
3 .9
4. 5

6 .6
7 .9
7. 2
3. 3

2
7
1
8

4

W
age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d
pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
In a r e a s w h ich w e r e not s u r v e y e d du rin g the
f i s c a l 1953 b a s e y e a r (J u ly 1952 to June 1953) th is ta b le is lim ite d
to p e r c e n t s o f change b e tw e e n s e le c t e d p e r io d s .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o rk , that is ,
the stan d ard w o r k s ch e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s a r e pa id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s, ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
The in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on, data fo r
s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t
jo b s w ith in e a ch g rou p . The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file ,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y r o ll; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o f f ic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a ­
t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A
and B .
The in d u s tr ia l n u r s e data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s . M en in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d
jo b s w e r e in clu d ed in the pla n t w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ;
e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m i l l ­
w r ig h ts ; p a in t e r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a ­
t e r ia l h an dlin g; and w a tch m en .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
com p u te d f o r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b . T h e s e w eig h ted e a r n in g s fo r in d iv id u a l
o c c u p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to obtain an a g g r e g a te f o r e a c h o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a tio o f th e s e g ro u p a g g r e g a te s f o r a giv^n
y e a r to the a g g r e g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d (s u r v e y m on th , w in te r 1952—53)
w a s c o m p u te d a n d the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d b y the b a s e y e a r in d ex (10 0) to
g e t the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .




S im ila r p r o c e d u r e s w e r e fo llo w e d in c o m p ilin g “ p e r c e n t s o f
ch a n g e '' in a r £ a s n ot su r v e y e d d u rin g 1953.

A d ju s tm e n ts h av e b e e n m a d e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to m a in ta in
c o m p a r a b ility s o that the y e a r - t o - y e a r c o m p a r is o n s a r e b a s e d on the
sa m e in d u stry and o c cu p a tio n a l c o v e r a g e .
F o r e x a m p le , r a ilr o a d s
h av e b e e n in clu d ed in the c o v e r a g e o f the s u r v e y s on ly s in c e Ju ly 1959.
In com p u tin g the in d e x e s fo r the f i r s t y e a r in w h ich r a ilr o a d s w e r e
in clu d ed , data re la tin g to r a ilr o a d s w e r e e x clu d e d . In d ex es f o r s u b s e ­
quent y e a r s in clu d e data f o r r a ilr o a d s .

The in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w ag e ch a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pa y r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e ex p a n sio n s, f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can
c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout
a ctu a l w a g e c h a n g e s. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion m ig h t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o ccu p a tio n and r e ­
su lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld h ave the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . The m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though n o ch a n ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts.
The u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu en ced b y ch a n g es in
stan dard w o r k sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e , s in c e th ey
a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
In d exes f o r the p e r io d 1953 to I9 60 fo r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e ts w ill a p p ea r in B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , W a g es and R ela ted
B e n e fits , 60 L a b o r M a rk e ts, W in ter 1959—
60.

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupatbns
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. , November I960)
NUMBER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O —
F

Avzbagz
N m er
u b
of
w rk rs
o e

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
W ly;
eek
W
eekly . 35.00
hu
o rs
ea in s
rn g
and
(S n a ) (S n a ) under
ta d rd
ta d rd
40. 00

t
40. 00

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
$
S
$
60. 00 65.00 70. 00 75. 00

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00 80. 00

9
0

$
80. 00

t
85. 00

*

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00

. 00

100
0.0
100
0.0
$
95.00

10
2
100
2.0

S
S
$
$
. 00
105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00
and

$

105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00

over

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A _________________________
Manufacturing ... ____ Nonmanufacturing __
___ __ _________
_____
Wholesale trade _ __ ____
__ ____ __
Finance 2 _____________________ __ ________________
Services ________
______ _ --------- __ __

563
271
292
109
91
50

38. 5
39. 0
37. 5
38.0
36. 5
37. 5

Clerks, accounting, class B --------------------- -------------Manufacturing __ __ _____
__ ------ -------- __
Nonmanufacturing _ __ ____
__ ____ __ _
Public utilities4 _
_ __ __
------------- __
Wholesale trade _____ ____ — --- ---------------Finance2 __ _____
_
-------- ------- —

397
143
254
38
108
50

38.
39.
38.
40.
37.
38.

5
0
0
0
5
0

$ 94.50
97. 50
92. 50
. 00
85. 50
98. 50

_
-

_
-

77. 00
76. 50
77. 50
105. 50
76.00
71. 50

_
-

_
-

_

_

9
1

39. 0

58. 00

Clerks, order ____ _
— ------- ------- — Manufacturing ___
________ __
_______ ___
—
_ - __ ------------ —
Nonmanufacturing ___
Wholesale trade
---------- _ — ----------

425
176
249
229

39.
39.
39.
39.

91.
90.
.
.

r.l„TlrQ . payroll
__ ______
____ __
Manufacturing ____ ______
__ _ ---------- — — —
Nonmanufacturing ------

180
117
63

39. 0
39. 0
39. 5

Office boys __ ________ ____ — — — — -----Manufacturing ----------- — ------- __ __ _ —
Nonmanufacturing ____
__
_
— - _ ------Wholesale trade
_____
_ ___
_
__ _
Finance2 ________ _ ----------- ------- — __ ---Services -------------------------------------------------------------

701

20
9

38.
39.
38.
37.
37.
38.

Clerks, file, class B

Secretaries

_ __ ___

___ __ _

__

__ ________

__ _______

______

__

___

Tabulating-machine operators, class A _____________
Manufacturing ____ _____ __ __ __ „
______ __
Nonmanufacturing ___ ___
_ -------Tabulating-machine operators, class B _____________
Manufacturing _ ____ — __ _ -------__ - —
Nonmanufacturing _ _ --- ------- ------ — _
—
Wholesale trade ______ — -------------------------------Finance2 __
__
— ------- _ ___

•

75

411
81
152
65

0
5
0
5

5
0
0
5
0
0

-

. 50
92. 50
81. 50

_
-

56.00
55. 50
56. 50
58. 50
48. 00
50. 00

55

39. 0

12
0

91

39. 0
39. 5
38. 0

101. 50
104.50
95. 50

22
9
21
0
61
1
299
312
70
136

38.
39.
38.
38.
37.

5
5
0
0
5

. 00

81.
83.
79.
.
70.

00
00
50
00
50

8
9

1
1

_

-

5
5
5

25
25
4

32
16

9

34
24
4

9

25

15

4

-

-

-

-

7

42

7
4
4
-

64
46
18
-

5

-

2
0
1
0
1
0
1
0

_
-

-

52
23
29
13
7

_

_

-

9

19

17
5
5
5

2
2
2
0
2

7

25

17
"

1
2
1 1
2 0
6 2
6 1
2 2
2 2
1
37

25
3

5

44
42
"

_

29
18

_
-

15
15

_
-

5

_
-

15
14

4

26
13
13

13

16

81
131

131
49
82

72
34

34
9

-

5
-

_

_

_
-

_
-

38
28

16

4
3

3
-

"

_

_

5
5

4

54
17
37

107
72
35

-

"

"

13

15
15
15

54
l6
38

53
30
23

-

5

54
29
25

3
3

13
13

-

30

_

37
18
19

29

30
4
26

9
_

25
25
-

48
64
57

26
26
-

_

-

17

26
24

24

38
23
15

89
57
32
9
7

26

5

53
32

13
5

47
28
5

5
“




7

63
40
23
17
4
-

5

5
9

3
3
-

_

_

-

_

9
9
-

31
16
15
_
-

_
"

E stim ates for a ll in d u strie s, nonmanufacturing, and public utilities include data for railroad s (SIC 4 0 ), om itted fro m the scope
of all labor m arket wage surveys made before July 1959.
W here sign ifican t, the effect of the inclusion of railroads is greatest on
the data shown separately for the public utilities division.

-

9
-

19

-

_

-

3
3
_

4
3

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

23

17

17

13
9

13

4

-

-

9

39
25
14-

40

_

41
14
27
24

1 1 1
2
1
2
1
6
2 1
2 0
2
1 2
2

53
23
30

49
29

25
25
25

18
17

45
29

2 2 2
2 0 1
8
2
1
1
3
1 2 6
2
1 2
2
1
2

30

1
1
2 1
1
2
1 1 1

80
41
39
38

See footnotes at end of table.

NO TE:

30

2
1
1
1
8
2 1 2 1
1 1
1
0
2
0
1
0

23
23
-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

2
2
1 8
2

58
17
41
24
14

34

9

35
53

83
35
48
34

43
13
30
29

"

"

-

6
8
2

2
1
1
1
2
2
8
1
2
6
1
1
1
1

61
40

-

-

-

55
27
28

1
8 12
2
2
1
1
1 2
1
1
1 1
1 1
1 2
2
2
1
1 1 1
6
2 2
1 1
6
2
1
0
1
1
6
8
2 2
1 1
2 8 1
0

3

50
50
00
00

9
2
9
2
8
8

8 1
1
8
1
1 8
6
1
0
1
1
1 1 2
0 2
2
1 1 1
0 1
2
1 1
1
1
0
1
22
1
8
8
8 2 2 1 1
2 1 2 0
6
1
2
1
_

-

7
4

1
1
1
1
1
-

_
_
-

16
13
3

50
1
6
1
2

5

4
4
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

7

1
6
1
6
1

4

53
41

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. , November I960)
Avuuai
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
<
9
t
t
$
$
$
$
$
$
35. 00 *40. 00 *45. 00 *50. 00 * 5 5 .0 0 *60. 00 * 6 5 .0 0 *70. 00 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 85. 00 90 . 00
95 .00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
IS S ii
'E S S
and
"
"
“
~
■
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
*
"
~
~
~
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 7 0 .0 0 75 . 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

M en— Continued

50
66
00
00

_
-

_
-

"

■

38. 0
37. 5
3 8 .5

65. 00
63. 06
66. 50

_
-

_
-

234
73
161
153

38.
37.
38.
38.

65.
72.
62.
61.

00
66
00
50

.
-

-

-

-

-

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la s s A ____________
Manufacturing _____
_____
___ _________ __ __
Nonmanufacturing ----------------- -----------------------------

249
159
90

38. 0
38. 0
38. 0

7 6 .0 0
79. 50
6 9 .0 0

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B __
-------Manufacturing _________
__________
__
_____
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
W holesale trade ________ __
______________ —
R etail trade _____________ ___
________
_ _ _
F in a n c e 2 _______ __ ____
_________________ —

1, 341
315
1, 026
182
90
725

38.
38.
38.
39.
38.
38.

5
5
0
0
0
0

59.
68.
57.
64.
64.
54.

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A _______ — — —
_ —
Manufacturing ____________ __ ___
__
___ ______
Nonmanufacturing _ ______ _____ __ _____ __ _ _
W holesale trade _______
________
__ _____ __
R etail trade _________________________________________
F in a n c e 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------

1, 010
387
623
88
172
285

38.
38.
37.
39.
38.
36.

0
5
5
0
5
0

8 0 .0 0
83. 50
78. 00
8 4 .0 0
74. 50
77. 50

C le r k s, accounting, c la s s B

1 ,9 0 1
484
1, 417
210
165
582
345
115

38. 0
38. 5
37. 5
37. 0
39. 0
38. 0
36. 5
3 7 .5

63. 50
71. 60
6 1 .0 0
71. 00
64. 00
5 7 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

37.
38.
37.
38.
37.

69.
71.
67.
73.
65.

341
111
230
164

38.
38.
38.
37.

B ille r s , m achine (billing machine) ------------------------------Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _
—
----- __ _ __ __ —

222
167
115

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping machine)
-----------------Manufacturing _ ___ ___ ____________________ ____
Nonmanufacturing _
_____
________
____ ___
R etail trade ________
_________ __ ________

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss C _______________
Manufacturing ____________________________ ______________
Nonmanufacturing ____ ________
__________ __ __
F in a n c e 2 ------------------- ------------------------------------

5
5
0
5

$64.
69.
62.
58.

13
5
8
-

5
1
4
“

_
_

.
_
_

.
_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

"

-

-

4
2
2

2
2

.
-

_

_

_

-

1
1
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

7
2
5
5

4
4
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
7
2

18
16
2

9
9
-

21
21
-

_
_

_

_
_

-

2
2
-

-

-

54
24
30
17
11
-

8
8

7
3
4
4
_

_
_
_
_
_

2
_
2
2
_

2
_
2
2
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

17
9
8
2
6
-

33
83

192
80
112
18
23
23

Ill
57
54
26
11
8

68
36
32
2
8
21

46
18
28
5
18
5

7
“
7
7

80
14
66
64

57
18
39
27

53
7
46
36

48
18
30
20

18
8
10
6

43
28
15
4

11
6
5
“

6
6
-

5
5

42
34
8

2
2

86
34
52

10
8
2

21
6
15

46
19
27

3
1
2

24
4
20
20

34

"

8
8
8

34
32

49
4
45
45

38
16
22
18

32
25
7
5

34
17
17
17

4
1
3
3

-

-

_
-

2
2

11
7
4

48
21
27

33
12
21

39
36
3

33
14
19

24
14
10

-

"

44
1
43
18
3
22

274
2
272
11
7
254

255
29
226
21
10
186

255
93
162
55
34
65

122
70
52
12
11
21

111
58
53
34
3
15

30
15
15
4
2
8

-

-

43
20
23

53
2
51

-

■

"

■

114
34
80
6
14
53

167
49
118

-

-

4
4

23

119
4
115

-

Women

______________

_____

___

Nonmanufacturing ---------— —
Public u tilit ie s 4 _________ __
___ __ _
W holesale trade
— __
_____ ___
_____ __
R etail trade - ----- ----------------- —
-------- --------F in a n c e2 _____
____________
________
S ervices ___
__ ___________________ —
--------C le r k s, file , c la ss A
~
__
Manufacturing ________
__________
______________
Nonmanufacturing __
__ „ ___
_____
__
W holesale trade --------- __
___
___ „
____
F in a n c e2
— __ _________ ________
_____ __

See footnotes at end of table,




389
n r~
245
69
119

0
5
5
5

5
5
0
0
0

50
06
00
50
50
00

00
00 " ‘
50
00
50

-

12
-

-

12

23

-

-

12
-

6
17
-

-

6
6
6

-

3
154
1
1

-

•

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
9
5
_
_

12
10
2
2

-

17
-------5
12
_
_
11

-

-

6
3
3
1
_
2
_

11
1
10
8
_
2
_

.
_
_
_
_
_
_

10
4
6
_
6
_
_

-

-

-

4
“

20
3

27
24

118
40
78
18
14
41

246
18
228
32
30
131
29
6

388
55
333
14
40
124
131
24

326
63
263
33
24
108
78
20

322
107
215
40
17
56
60
42

164
64
100
36
23
27
4
10

116
75
41
5
12
7
11
6

84
54
30
13
5
1
4
7

26
20
6
2
2
2
_

14
7
7
5
_
2
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
14
4

40
17
23

34
10
24
4
11

46
7
39
18
15

55
20
35
18
12

31
30
1
_

5
3
2
_
2

6

2
2
_
_

2

_

-

-

-

52
7
45
10
28

27
18
9

-

62
16
46
6
36

2
2

_
_

3
_
3
_

_
_
_
_

-

87
28

-

-

160
3
157

-

10

-

3

-

37
— T5~H
22
9

13
11
2
2
_

13

29
4
25
21
4
_

5
5
_
_
_
_

-

6
5
1

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. , November I960)
Ayuuob
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
worken

NUMBER OF WORKER8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
S
S
$
S
95. 00 1*00. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00

Weekly *35. 00
W
eekly
bou 1 earnings1
rn
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00

*40. 00

^ 5 . 00

1
50. 00

1
55. 00

*60. 00

*65. 00

*70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

$
9 0 . 00

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00

0
5
0
0
5
0
0
5

$ 5 2 .0 0
5 8 .5 0
50. 50
6 0 .5 0
58. 50
4 8 .0 0
49 . 00
56. 50

_
_
_
_

173
4
169
_

582
29
553
_
12
80
432
29

410
83
327
22
17
50
224
14

222
72
150
12
28
21
67
22

177
54
123
5
37
16
31
34

40
21
19
3
8
1
7

33
17
16
10
6
_
_

9
7
2
2
_
_
_

3
2
1
1
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_
_
_

-

25
17
8
2
3
_
_
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39. 0
39. 0
39. 5
39. 5
3 9 .5

63. 00
72. 50
58. 00
5 8 .5 0
55. 00

79

-

79
66
13

110
1
109
69
40

90
35
55
45
10

91
12
79
30
49

124
74
50
6
3

38
20
18
18
-

26
13
13
13
-

40
26
14
14
-

33
24
9
9
-

-

9
9
-

3
3
_

1
1
_

2
2
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
_
2
2
-

10
7
3
3
-

43
29
14
4
_
10
-

134
73
61
11
6
11
29

138
63
75
18
_
33
16

174
121
53
2
12
11
11

109
99
10
1
_
4
5

136
79
57
12
17
9
12

115
93
22
2
12

37
13
24
2
18
_
4

18
11
7
4
2
_
1

12
12
_
_
_

16
12
4
1
2
1
-

4
3
1
_
_
1
-

2
2
_
_
2
-

7
2
5
3
2
_

5

58
43
15
1
3
11
-

22
2
20
19

68
68
64

118
21
97
15
80

169
78
91
20
48

139
59
80
33
38

77
24
53
29
24

93
37
56
18
36

92
31
61
30
31

22
12
10
3
4

54
47
7
_
4

5
_
5
_

2
1
1
_

2
2
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

5
2
3
2
1

-

-

-

2
■

11

16
3

16
9

14
6

15
14

8
8

10
10

3
3

-

1
1

23
23
3
20
"

74
74
6
6
62
-

267
111
156
31
9
17
99

380
177
203
41
20
28
114

443
221
222
45
26
15
119
17

401
171
230
30
44
16
90
50

221
154
67
12
13
8
27
7

169
126
43
8
16
12
6
1

140
82
58
3
40
10
5
~

40
37
3
_
3

88
53
35
35
_
_
-

23
23
21

136
46
90
26
42

60
20
40
13
11

14
10
4
-

3
2
1
-

5
4
1

5
5
-

10
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and
over

W omen— Continued

C lerk s, file, c la ss B ---------- -------- — ------------------------Manufacturing ------------- __ -------- -------- -------- --------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 4 --------- -------- — ------------------ —
W h olesale trade -----------------------------------------------------Retail trade _________________________________________
Finance 2 _________________________ _________________ _
S ervices --------------------------------------------------------------------

1, 674
306
1, 368
57
111
256
835
109

C lerk s, order ------------------------ -----------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------ ------------- ------------------- --------W h olesale trade _________________ _________________
Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------

665
220
445
275
129

C lerk s, payroll -------------------------------- ------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------- ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 4 -----------------------------------------------------W h olesale trade -------------------- -------- -------------------Retail trade -------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e2 ------------------------------------------------------------------

1, 013
660
353
61
74
96
83

38.
38.
37.
38.
39.
38.
35.

0
5
5
0
0
5
5

72. 00
72. 50
7 1 .0 0
72. 00
82. 00
66. 50
66. 50

_
-

C om ptom eter operators --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------- -----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------W h olesale trade -----------------------------------------------------R etail trade^

884
316
568
150
364

38.
39.
38.
39.
38.

5
0
5
5
0

Duplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto) --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------

96
54

Keypunch operators ---------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------- ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public u tilities 4 -----------------------------------------------------W h olesale trade -----------------------------------------------------R etail trade- -------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e2 -------------------------------- ------------------------ —
S ervic es ---------------------------------------------------------- ---------

2, 292
1, 155
1, 137
228
174
115
545
75

Office g ir ls ------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------- ------------- —
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________ —
W h olesale trade ----------------------------------------------- —
F in a n c e2 ---------------- — -------- -------------------------------

340
120
220
64
100

See footnotes at end of table.




38.
38.
38.
38.
39.
39.
37.
37.

89
80

17
17
3
14
_
-

-

-

-

-

68. 50
73. 50
65. 50
7 1 .0 0
62. 50

5
5
5

11
11

38. 5
39. 0

6 1 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

-

38.
39.
37.
38.
38.
38.
37.
37.

65.
68.
63.
70.
69.
62.
58.
65.

5
0
5
0
5
5
0
5

37. 5
38. 5
37. 5
3 9 .5
36. 0

50
00
00
50
00
50
00
00

52. 00
5 6 .5 0
50. 00
5 1 .0 0
48. 50

.
-

-

4
-

4
2

-

10

-

80
23
57
25
24

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

"

-

~

-

-

-

25
16
9
9

19
5
14
14
_
_

2
2
_
_

_
_
_
. _

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

"

_
_
-

-

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. , November I960)
Atbbaos
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
*
35. 00 40. 00
W
eekly
W
eekly
earning* 1 and
hours 1
(Standard) (Standard) under
40 . 00 45 . 00

45 . 00 *50. 00 *55. 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 *70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 *85. 00 *90. 00 *95.00 fo o .o o 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

7 0 .0 0

75 . 00

8 0 .0 0

85. 00

90. 00

2
2
2

13
2
11
3
1
7

85
30
55
12
19
23
1

239
53
186
8
22
143
13

429
136
293
26
23
199
45

592
370
3
69
28
217
53

874
464
470
24
104
33
211
98

922
479
443
23
141
22
155
102

739
468
331
18
127
24
102
60

787
459
328
23
126
19
122
38

310
111"
199
22
13
26
138

561
"2 1 6 "
345
26
49
33
237

788
291
497
70
122
50
235

702
396
312
38
86
49
139

579
'3 5 3 ~
226
35
80
21
64

640
36l
279
27
142
10
96

454
_ 566 "
154
26
59
15
50

214
168
46
7
18
1
20

174
"T 4 6
28
21
6
-

5 0 .0 0

95. 00 100.00 10 5.00 110.00 115.00 120.00

and
over

W omen— Continued
S ecretaries

_______________

$ 8 8 . 50
91. 50
84. 50
1 1 1 .50
86. 50
7 8 .5 0
78. 50
80. 50

_
-

_
-

-

-

38. 0
5976“
37. 5
38. 5
37. 5
37. 5
37. 0

71. 50
73756
69 . 00
82. 00
70. 50
63. 50
63. 50

_
_
-

2
2
2

41
7
34
13
21

38. 0
39."5
37. 0
37. 0

78 . 00
88. 50
7 1 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

_
"

_
"

_
-

4
4
4

3
3
3

24
24
24

28
8
20
12

19
4
15
10

3
------- 2
1
1

27
16
11
2

12
6
6
2

10
5
5
1

9
9
"

698
95
85
137
234
147

38.
39.
38.
40.
39.
39.
37.
39.

6 7 .5 0
75 . 50
64. 00
87. 50
74. 50
56. 50
62. 00
53. 50

9
9
8
1

23
23
1
22

84
84
14
10
60

72
6
66
39
11
16

100
20
80
9
20
43
8

151
18
133
1
9
39
78
6

138
4o
98
1
13
5
63
16

88
32
56
13
5
1
27
10

107
70
37
6
15
9
7

90
57
33
4
26
1
2
"

29
23
6
6
-

61
8
53
44
8
-

-

847
442
405
50
165
57
65
68

38. 0
36. 3
38. 0
38. 5
38. 5
38. 5
35. 0
3 8 .5

64.
65.
63.
68.
65.
59.
63.
60.

50
50
50
00
50
50
50
50

_
-

15
12
3
-

113
62
51
12

164
93
71
19
24

7

134
70
64
10
25
11

2

9

21

15
6

67
42
25
10
15
-

-

78
23
55
18
21
16

199
94
105
11
54
17

-

11
11
6
5

11

35
25
10
9
1
-

20
10
10
2
8
-

-

57

38. 5

97. 50

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

2

7

8

6

4

.

_

32

-

2
2
-

42

-

1
1
1

15

7
25

40
6
34

1

4

2

22

28

26
14
12
1
11

-

17

30
6
24
8
6

13
8

2

21
10
11
10

4

-

_
-

7
-------7

78
78
16

89
89
8

104

4

4

3

_
-

_
-

_
-

12

9

21
21
2

24

102

45
42

Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing — -------------------------------------------Public u tilities 4 ___________________________________
W holesale trade ____________________________________
R etail trade ----------------------------- — ----- ------------F in a n c e 2 -------------------------- ------------------------ ---------S ervices _____________________________ _____
___

6 ,6 6 9
1, 485
3, 184
378
786
236
1, 329
455

Stenographers, general ------------------------ -------------------------------------------- ------------- -------------Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
____________
------- ---------Public u tilit ie s 4
W holesale trade ____________________________________
----R etail trade ------------------ ------------- - ----- __
F in a n c e 2 _______________ _____ _____

4, 800
" 2 ,"48 3
2, 317
452
587
218
1, 006

Stenographers, technical -------------------------------------------------Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __
----------------------------- — — ----F in a n c e2 -------------------------------------------------------------------

158
--------- 6 F
93
59

Switchboard op erators ------- -------- -------------------- —
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----- ----Nonmanufacturing ----Public u tilit ie s 4 ___________________________________
W holesale trade _________________ _________ _ —
R etail t r a d e ___ —
---------------- __ ----- _
F in a n c e2 -------------------~ — ------------------------ —
S ervices __ — -------- ------------------ -------- — - —

984

Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists ____________________
Manufacturing _ ----- -------- -------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 4 ----- -------------------------------------W holesale trade ___ __ ------------- ----- ----- --------R etail trade _ -----------------------— --------F in a n c e2 ___ — -------—
------------- S ervices
------ ------------------------------------- --------Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss A
Tabulating-m achine op erators,
Manufacturing --------------Nonmanufacturing __
Public u tilit ie s 4 —
F in a n c e2 ------------

---------

c la ss B
------------------ ------------ ------ ---------------------- -------—
--------------------------

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss C —
Nonmanufacturing
___
_ __
___ ___
F in a n c e2 _ --------- __
— -------- -----

See footnotes at end of table,




—

—

---------

25F

234
87 "
147
28
101
372
------- l i T
54

38.
39.
38.
39.
38.
38.
37.
38.

5
0
0
0
5
5
0
0

5
0
5
0
0
0
5
0

38. 0
7 7 .0 0
i 9 . r “ 82730"
7 4 .0 0
37. 5
37. 0
80. 00
72. 00
38. 0
37. 5
37. 0
37. 0

6 1 .0 0
"6 6 7 6 6 "
5 8 .0 0

_
-

3
-

6

19
11

27
8

111

7

1

321
269
112
22
26
16
43
5

342
249
93
27
31
7
23
5

167
132
35
10
6
1
8
10

260
116
144
114
13
1
16
-

35
22
13
11
2
_

42
36
6
6
_
_

6
_
6
6
_
_

3
_
3
3
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

10
6
4

9
9
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

21
7
14
14
-

9
4
5
5
-

_
-

2
1
1
1
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

1

"

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

4

9

6

3

6

11
9
2

6
6
-

5
5

4

-

4
4

-

1
1
-

1

5

526
357
189
27
88
17
46
11
235
— 82“
153
140
10
3

-

371
249
122
7 87

9
1
18
7
14
_
14
14
_
_

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
—

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. , November I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

A
vbraob
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N me
u b r
o
f
w rk rs
o e

s
t
f
$
$
^5. 00 40. 00 Is. 00 50. 00 *55. 00 *60. 00 Is. 00 70. 00 75. 00 lo. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 0 0 *95. 00 100.00 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115. 00 120. 00
We
e klyj W kly x
ee
hu
o rs
e rn gs and
a in
and
(Stan ard (Stan ard under
d
)
d
)
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90.00 95. 00 100.00 105. 00 no. 00 115. 00120.00 over

W omen— Continued

Transcribing-machine operators, general _ _
_ _
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _
_ _ __ _ _
_ _
_
Wholesale trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _
Finance2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _
_
_ _
_ _
_

_

0
5
0
0
0

$64. 00
67. 50
62. 50
68.00
58. 00

-

-

"

"

Typists, class A
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _ _
_ _
_
_ _ _ _
1,392
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
640
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
752
Public utilities 4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 238
Wholesale trade
134
Finance 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 274
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Services _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _
_ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_
_ _
_
76

38. 5
39. 5
38. 0
39. 0
38. 0
37. 0
38.0

73. 00
74. 50
72. 00
87. 50
70. 50
61. 00
67. 50

-

-

Typists, class B
_ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _ _ _ _
_ _
_ _
3,689
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _1,362
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _
_
_ _ _ _
_ _
2, 327
_
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Public utilities4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
99
Retail trade
416
Finance2 _ _ _
_ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
_
1,260
Services _ _ _
_ _
_ _ _
_ _ _
_ _
_ _ _ _
_ _ _
_ _ _
150

38. 0
39. 0
37. 5
38. 5
38. 5
36. 5
38. 5

58. 00
60. 50
56. 50
75. 50
55. 00
53. 50
58. 50

1
2
3
4
5
4
7

825
254
571
188
253

38.
38.
38.
39.
37.

3
3

45
45
32

18

“

18
1
7
-

-

59
1
1
48

-

-

-

26
22
10

126
13
113
• 14
74

127
28
99
11
66

90
36
54
16
12
25

161
29
132
21
1
1
89
6

"

847
235
612
5
80
113
413
376
35
34

579
84
495

174
77
97
55
25
23

98
39
59
28
21

115
50
65
30
10

71

26
19
52

30

12

15
1
1
15
3

153
69
84
1
7
28
32

163
130
127
103
74
108
55
53
27
10
5
5
1
1
16
28
10
3
20
16
"
“

636
799
298
353
338
446
7
15
82
30
150
207
56
8
7

400
217
183
18
46
77

185
87
57
73
35
112
52
12
8
33
5
4
1
1

6
47
10
5
1
-

7
2

“

109
89
20
4
10
6

55
44
1
1
1
1
-

"

226
82
144
12
29
82
16

-

-

14
14
14

3
15
15

-

-

-

-

-

_

„

„

-

-

-

-

“

■

-

-

14
-

2
12
12
-

“

6
-

.

5
5
-

146
. 4
142
142
-

18

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Workers were distributed as follows: 7 at $ 120 to $ 125; 3 at $ 175 to $ 180; 3 at $ 205 to $ 210.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows: 3 at $ 120 to $ 125; 3 at $ 130 to $ 135; 4 at $ 140 and over.
Workers were distributed as follows: 13 at $ 120 to $ 125; 29 at $ 125 to $ 130; 8 at $ 130 to $ 135; 1 at $ 135 to $ 140; 2 at $ 140 and over.
Workers were distributed as follows: 42 at $ 120 to $ 140; 34 at $ 140 to $ 160; 11 at $ 160 to $ 180.




1
1
1
10
-

9
2

9
6
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

•

-

~

.

.

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

”

2
-

-

-

-

-

10

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, P a ., November I960)
Anusi

NUMBER OF WORKER8 RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

N m er
u b
Sex, occupation, and industry division

at

w rk r*
o e

S
S
$
S
S
S
$
$
60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90. 00 95. 00 foo.oo 1 5 00no. oo 1 5 001 0 001 5 001 0 00135.00 140.00
*0 .
*1 .
*2 .
*2 .
*3 .
and
and
under
65.00 70.00 75. 00 80.00 85. 00 90.00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130. 00 135. 00 140.00 over

We
e kly x W e
e kly i Under
h u
o r*
(Stan ard (Stan ard $
d
)
d
)
60. 00

Men

244
40. 0 $164.00
----------------------------Draftsmen, leader -----------------------39.5 155.00
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------131
174. 50
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------113 40.0

1
.
Draftsmen, senior ------------------------------------------------------------- 542
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _
_
1 103
,
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ —_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _
439
Public utilities4 -------- -------- ----------------------------27

39.5 121.00
40. 0 113. 00
39.5 141.50
38. 5 128.00

Draftsmen, junior -------------------------------------------------------------900
310
Manufacturing --------------------------- -----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------590
Public utilities 4 ------------------------------------------------------ 36

40. 0
39.5
40. 0
38. 0

154
Tracers -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------- 98

39.5
39. 0

102.00
91.50
107.50
104.50

-

-

-

'

"

-

7

-

-

-

“

7
7
-

-

3
3
-

“

62. 00 6 40
62. 00
38

26
26
-

23
23

19

55

5
3

4
15

28
27

3

79
39

-

19

1

30
30

96
40
56
23

-

13
7

8
-

“

"

8

~

17
-

-

“

4

-

"

"

4

7
-

-

•

_

■

8

10
9

4

89
88
1

~

56

33

2

-

7
1

81
56
25
1

"

63

3

3
3

60

-

4

152
133
19

5

1

3

133
84
117
58
70
27
20
75
14
90
14
1
3

1
1

-

-

3

.

5

25
23
2

45

4
4

40
8

14

5

2

20

24

-

-

"

10

92
78
14

182
156
26

112
108

33

153
120

6
5

16
1

■

~

79
62
17

■

-

"

■

1
13

4

-

76
53
23
9

“

81
1
80

■

-

■

"

6
6

2 197
96
101

50
25
25

386
134
3 252

4

4

7
3

1

1
1

91
1
-

5 90
"

■

-

-

Women

------------------------------------------------------------- 53

40. 0

88. 50

Nurses, industrial (registered) -------------------------------------- 274
218
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------- 56

39. 0
39.5
38. 5

92. 00
92. 50
90. 50

Draftsmen, junior

1
1

4

1

-

1

8

-

5
3

4

2

1

28
21
7

42
36
6

52
42
10

42

33
9

24

4

_

17
16

6

5
1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 56 at $140 to $160; 69 at $160 to $180; 22 at $180 to $200; 50 at $200 to $220.
Workers were distributed as follows: 47 at $ 140 to $ 150; 55 at $ 150 to $ 160; 80 at $ 160 to $ 170; 40 at $ 170 to $ 180; 30 at $ 190 to $ 200.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
All workers were at $ 140 to $ 150.
Workers were distributed as follows: 20 at $50 to $ 55; 20 at $55 to $60.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




20

1

9
9

9
5
4

1
1

2
2

2

1
-

1

-

2

11

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. , November I960)
NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS O
F—
Occupation and industry division

Nm
u ber
o
f
w rk
o ers

Carpenters, maintenance -------------------------------Manufacturing ______________ — — _______
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ____________ __________
Retail trade --------------------------------------------

850
530
320
127
126

Electricians, maintenance ----------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------- ---------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------

1. 704
1, 430
274
114
94

A g
vera e
$
$
$
$
h u , Under 1.60
o rly
1. 70 1.80
1. 90
earn gs1
in
and
$
under
1.60
1.70
1.80 -1,9.0 . 2. 00

$ 2 . 85
2. 82
2.92
2. 61
3. 59
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.

88
89
85
90
16

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2.50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

175
69
106
95
4

79
64
15
13
1

22
15
7
7

$
$
2. 90 3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3. 20

$
3. 30

$
3. 40

$
3. 50

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

3. 60

15
15
_
-

1
_
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

4
_
4
4
-

95
7
88
_
388
35
23
12
_
4 12

3. 00

3. 10

97
84
13
7
5

56
55
1
-

133
133
_
_

$
3. 60
and
over

2
2
-

6
6
-

14
13
1
-

13
3
10
"

12
1
11
-

43
36
7
-

20
13
7
-

24
5
19
6
~

-

38
17
21
21

3
3
-

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

18
13
5
-

4
1
3
-

38
37
1
1

32
23
9
1
1

135
86
49
9
1

118
109
9
1
5

265
208
57
53
4

46
42
4
3

286
273
13
9
3

131
125
6
6
-

... 96
56
40
39

283
283
-

74
63
11
9
2

84
70
14
14

6
3
3
_
3

47
15
32
26
6

26
26
4
22

50
27
23
1
22

28
1
27
2
25
-

48
40
8
2
3
3

21
10
11
3
8
-

70
55
15
2
7
6

62
51
11
11
-

140
92
48
9
39
-

79
35
44
26
16
2
-

173
141
32
4
14
12
2

60
46
14
1
12
1
-

56
40
16
9
5
2
-

29
20
9
4
1
4
-

14
11
3
-

25
24
1
1
_

7
7
_
_

21
11
10
10
_
_

5
5
_
_
_
_

3
3
_
3
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

“

_
-

“

-

919
616
30 3
64
61
121
57

2. 50
2. 55
2. 40
2. 69
2. 68
2. 34
1.90

_
-

2
2
_
2

Firemen, stationary boiler --------- ---------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------

507
436
71

2. 25
2. 28
2. 02

12
6 12

8
8

47
43
4

49
49
-

25
24
1

21
15
6

34
9
25

no
106
4

27
27
"

63
60
3

31
27
4

4
4
“

31
30
1

19
16
3

_
-

Helpers, trades, maintenance ----------------------Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -------------------------------------

1, 120
763
357
265

32
39
18
28

49
23
26
-

12
5
7

17
12
5
-

51
16
50
16
1 i
1 1

105
; 46
59
24

174
66
108
103

60
46
14
9

209
105
104
103

39
29
10
6

100
100
-

68
64
4
-

201
201
-

19

_
-

Machine-tool operators, toolroom ----------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------

576
576

2. 84
2. 84

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

18
18

6
6

29
29

2
2

12
12

136
136

226
226

12
12

49
49

45
45

32
32

3
3

2
2

2
2

2
2

Machinists, maintenance -------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public utilities 2 -------------------------------------

1, 595
1, 374
221
220

2.
2.
2.
2.

89
88
95
94

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

26
26
-

76
76
~

5
5
"

66
66
“

170
146
24
24

208
106
102
102

66
65
1
1

153
140
13
13

220
220
-

63
63
-

270
270
-

182
171
11
11

7
5
2
2

1
1
-

68
_
68
67

12
12
_

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance) --------- Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ------------------------------------Wholesale trade ------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------

1, 037
279
758
550
121
54

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

71
70
71
74
71
65

34

-

-

-

-

-

Mechanics, maintenance --------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------

2, 003
1, 955

2. 69
2. 69

_

_

_

-

2
2

Millwrights ------------------------------------ ---------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------

322
321

2. 89
2. 89

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

Oilers --------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------

462
455

2. 09
2. 09

52
'52

78
78

1
1

11
11

41
40

44
44

Engineers, stationary ------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ------------------------------------Retail trade -------------------------------------------Finance5 -----------------------------------------------Services -------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




2.
2.
2.
2.

_
-

_
!
|

|
!

2
-

19
19

3
-

_
!

“

n
ii
n

-

197
, 197

34
34

6
6

21
21

177
177

73
73

231
221

234
224

81
72

306
297

245
245

83
82

189
189

74
65

33
33

17
17

-

-

_

_

_

_

5

20
20

57
57

25
25

43
43

68
68

20
20

_

_

_

4

67
67

_

5

11
10

4

-

2
2

11
11

38
38

64
61

25
22

56
56

25
25

8
8

8
8

13
13
i
1

19
-

-

9
9
-

182
12
170
162
6

96
38
58
47
8
3

152
87
65
3
62
-

288
63
22 5
213
-

94
8
86
7
45
34

34
28
6

22
1
21
21
-

61
45
16
16
-

56
3
53
53
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

19
1

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

12

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Philadelphia, P a ., N ovem ber I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

P a i n t e r s , m a in te n a n c e _______ __
_____________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________ ________________ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
P u b lic u t i li t i e s 2 ---------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 5 --------------------- ----------------------------------

493
294
19 9
71
59

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in te n a n c e __________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ________ ______________ —

955

P l u m b e r s , m a in te n a n c e --------- — --------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _____________________________

121
88
31

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in te n a n c e
____________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________ ________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------------------------------T o o l and d ie m a k e r s __________________ _____ ___
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______ __________________________

$
1 .7 0

Average
$ ,
hourly j U n d e r 1 . 60
eaminge
and
<
P
u n d er
1.6 0
1 . 70

$ 2 .7 1
2 . 79
2 . 58
2 . 82
2 . 19

10

$

$
1 .8 0

1 .8 0

1

1.9 0

2 . 00

1. 9 0

8

$
2 .4 0

$
2 . 50

$

,

2 . 60

$

$
2 .7 0

2 . 20

2 . 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

51
37
14
13

51
40

44
38

11
11

6

3

10

46
26

17

9

1

20

7

-

-

-

-

6

11

17

1

1

20

-

1

*

13
13
-

3
3
-

9
9
-

67
67
-

14

-

26
26
-

12
2

74
74
-

-

-

-

2

-

-

8
8

4
4

_
-

1
1

1
-

1
1

7
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
14
4

27
27
26

-

13
13
-

-

-

1
1
-

5
5
-

9
9
-

-

-

-

12
12
12

_

9
9

9
9

9
9

-

1

-

11

2

-

-

-

_

-

-

2 . 70
2 . 63
2 . 61

_
-

_
-

-

-

23 7
200
37
35

2 . 83
2 . 83
2 .7 8
2. 74

-

1, 261
1, 2 5 9

3 . 12
3 . 12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

_

_

2 .9 0

22
22

-

85
72
13
13

-

4
4

2 . 80

2 . 80

2
1

-

-

$
2 . 30

-

-

12
12

2 . 20

21

8

88

$

21

-

1

69
69

2 . 10

2 . 10

-

-

886

2 .0 0

11

7
7
-

-

90

$

-

_

"
_

_

-

10

"
6

58

6

44

-

14
14

30
30

60
58

59
35
24
23

4

E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 3 .8 0 to $ 3 .9 0 .
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 9 at $ 4 to $ 4 .1 0 ; 3 at $ 4 .1 0 to $ 4 .2 0 .
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 4 at $ 1 .3 0 to $ 1 .4 0 ; 8 at $ 1 .5 0 to $ 1 .6 0 .
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 4 at $ 1 .2 0 to $ 1 .3 0 ; 4 at $ 1 .3 0 to $ 1 .4 0 ; 32 at $ 1 .4 0 to $ 1 .5 0 ; 12 at $ 1 .5 0 to $ 1 .6 0 .

NOT|f:

See note on p. 5 , rela tive to the in clu sion of r a ilro a d s.




2 . 90

$
3 . 00

$
3 . 10

$
3 . 20

3 .0 0

11
11
_

3 . 10

3 . 20

5
62
--------5 - 1 -------F T
_
_

3 .3 0

37
19
18
18

$
3. 30
3. 40

39
_

$
3 .4 0
3 . 50

-

-

-

1

28

1
1

27
27

9
9
_

3

l

!

------ Z“ 1
-

1

1

-

-

2
2
-

2
1
1

5
5
5

-

16

39
39
■-

16

-

-

2
2

15
8

2
1

1
-

2
1

12

-

-

1

-

-

-

30
29
1

8
8
-

17
17
-

29
39

-

39
36
3
3

-

-

1

14
14

69
69

82
82

14 9
14 9

362
362

29 3
29 3

60
60

40
40

104

I

i

-

-

-

-

and
over

3 . 60

-

72
72
-

-

$
3 . 60

_
_
_

1

29 8
68
29 8 r " 5 9 '
9
9
-

$
3 . 50

39
_

12 0

________ i _______
_

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

$

■

10

2.
2.
3.
3.

$

7
------ 5—
1
1

_
_
_

1

56
56

_
_
_

9
9
1
1
19
19

13
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division . Philadelphia. Pa. . N ovem ber I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

of
workers

hourly earnings

$
U n d er 1. 0 0
and
$
u n d er
1. 00
1. 10

$
1. 10

$
1. 20

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

-

-

1 .4 0

1. 50

-

1. 20

E levator o p e r a to r s , passen ger ( m e n ) _____
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
Pu blic utilities 3 ____________________
R etail trade _________________________
F in a n ce4 _____________________________

759
107
652
32
85
469

$ 1. 65
1 .9 2
1 .6 1
2 . 30
1. 52
1. 65

9
-

E levator o p e r a to r s , passen ger (women) __
N onm anufacturing ______________________
R etail trade _________________________
F in a n ce4 _____________________________

26 3
222
95
53

1 .4 4
1. 38
1. 38
1. 58

-

-

~

M anufacturing ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------F in a n ce4 ____________________________

2 ,3 8 7
1 ,0 5 6
1 ,3 3 1
25 1

1. 70
2. 20
1. 30
1 .6 6

-

717
-

13 2
-

71 7

13 2

-

"

-

9
-

42
42
-

4
1
3
3

68
68
24

11
11
1

-

-

1. 30

21
2
19
5
2

75
75
4
71

81
-

4
3
3

4
4
4

33
32
32

"

38
4
34
16

146
146
21

J an itors, p o r t e r s , and clea n ers (men) _______
M anufacturing -------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Pu blic u tilit ie s 3 ------------------------------------W holesale trade ________________________
R etail trade -------------------------------------------F in a n ce4 ________________________________
S erv ices ________________________________

6 ,3 6 1
3 ,2 2 8
3 , 133
766
108
924
762
573

1 .7 9
1 .9 3
1 .6 4
2 . 11
1. 78
1 .4 5
1. 62
1. 32

25
25
2
2
21

166
20
14 6
7
10 8
14
17

27 4
33
241
26
6
209

263
77
186
-

J an itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs (women) ___
M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
P u blic utilities 3 ________________________
W holesale trade ________________________
R etail trade _____________________________
F in a n ce4 ________________________________

2 , 54 9
584
1 ,9 6 5
179
50
23 9
1 ,1 3 6

1. 37
1 .6 5
1. 29
1 .7 4
1. 21
1. 20
1. 28

43
43
24

92
2
90
12
35
35

26 6
58
20 8
-

L a b o r e r s , m a teria l h a n d lin g --------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
Pu blic utilities 3 _________________________
W holesale t r a d e _________________________
R etail trade _____________________________

8 ,8 2 3
4 ,9 1 8
3 ,9 0 5
1 ,3 8 0
1 ,0 2 0
1 ,4 9 7

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

08
08
08
37
02
85

_
-

69
6
63
63

"

O rder f i l l e r s ________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___
Nonm anufacturing
W holesale trade
R etail t r a d e ___

2 , 549
1 ,1 0 5
1 ,4 4 4
1 ,0 2 3
421

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

14
06
19
20
19

_

P a ck e rs , shipping (men)
M a n u f a c t u r in g ______
N onm anufacturing __
W holesale t r a d e _
R etail t r a d e _____

1 ,3 5 8
840
51 8
333
185

1 .8 3
1. 94
1 .6 6
1 .6 6
1. 67

See footnotes at end of table,




1 .6 0

1 .7 0

$
1. 70
1. 8 0

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

$
2 . 00

-

-

-

-

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

24
21
3
-

5
4
1
1
-

47
40
7
7

2. 20

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

-

$
2. 10

-

-

-

2 . 30

2 .4 0

268
-

24
24
-

14
14
-

"

67
59
31
28

8

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
2
25
21

70
2
68
68

38
38
32

44
19
25
25

196
160
36
36

35
29
6
6

25 4
254
-

51
42
9
9

148
131
17
17

153
15 3
-

14 8
86
62

150
138
12

-

"

-

19
18
1
1
-

18
18
18
-

13
13
12
1

3. 00

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12
_

28
24
4

.
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

"

"

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

594
418
17 6
121
6
29
20

-

-

"

-

-

-

17
83
69

109
60
49
14
6
2
27

15 5
82
73
70
3

60
53
7
2
5

79
74
5
3
2

95
29
66
66
-

23
21
2
2
-

16
16
-

46
39
7
7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

160
16
144
144

21 7
73
144
36
108

183
91
92
24
60

289
218
71
30
41

664
376
28 8
25 5
33

318
23 3
85
39
46

22 4
11 5
10 9
12
97

444
205
23 9
23 9

719
626
93
12
81

365
28 4
81
4
3
74

624
474
15 0
85
65

1473
951
522
432
57
33

1

57
34
23

:
1

12
11

14 6
57
89
84
5

17 0
54
11 6
108
8

134
51
83
78
5

60
37
23
15
8

95
46
49
12
37

323
287
36
36

56
31
25
25

83
65
18
18

110
39
71
71

"

-

-

52
29
23
6
17

21 7
95
122
I 96
26

147
41
106
69
37

94
43
51
45
6

130
86
44
12
32

71
49
22
6
16

107
104
3
3

88
63
25
25

32
32
-

56
56
-

16 4
15 8
6
6

68
34
34
30
4

JL. 9 0

-

68
55
13
2
1
10

8
8
6
2

-

2 .8 0

-

! 493
!
27
466
10
12
3
441

8
8
-

-

JL. 7 0

3
3
3

984
49
935
2
3
105
530

_
-

$
3 . 00
and

-

169
24
20

-

$
2. 90'

2
2
-

556
405
151
49
14
67
21

43
30
13
13

$
2,. 80

-

738
497
241
14
23
11
183
10

1
1

$
2. 7 0

31
-

472
10 5
36 7
9
6
12
33 4
6

18
131
15
22

2 .6 0

100
5
95
4
91

26 8
26 8

2
2
-

2. 50

$
2 .6 0

-

31
14
17
10
7

81
51
30

609
19 5
414
3
5
112
104
190

31
31
24
7

8

-

400
76
324
5
3
20 4
34
78

14
14
14

-

227
14
21 3
-

$
1. 60

54 3
385
15 8
10 2
15
36
5

29 3
183
110
105
5
-

861
622
1 23 9
227
9
3
-

127
10 9
18
9
4
5
-

181
64
117
115
-

28
25
3
-

4
4
-

2
-

3
-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
11
1
1
-

8
8
_
-

_
-

-

_
_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

607
433
17 4
20
125
29

1616
15 6
1460
851
282
327

504
340
164
73
52
39

14
14
14

330
321
9
-

3
3
3

-

_
-

244
144
100
100

508
159
349
225
12 4

261
26 1
152
109

63
63
51
12

3
3
3

42

16
9
7
6

49
4
45
45

21
2
19
18

14
13
1
-

9
9
-

9
8
1
1

1

8

1

26
16
13
3

“

90
36
54
54

1

-

10
10
-

4
4
-

14

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. , N ovem ber I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1. 20

1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 70

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2 . 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2 . 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

1 .2 0

1. 30

1. 40

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1. 70

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2 . 20

2 . 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2 . 60

2 . 70

2. 80

2 . 90

3. 00

over

18
8
10
10

44
2
42
42

64
32
32
26

96
43
53
11

34
9
25
22

25
25
25

12
12
12

31
11
20
20

86
67
19
19

24
12
12
12

19
19
19

5
3
2
2

-

"

-

-

11
11
11

3
3
3

11
11
-

33
33
12
18

16
1
15
12

17
2
15
6
2

40
6
34
12
21

36
21
15
6
2

92
55
37
24
13

88
40
48
12
35

66
43
23
22

59
45
14
14

63
39
24
18

93
57
36
18
18

46
46
-

51
26
25
21
2

99
66
33
33

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1

-

9

6
6
-

12
12
12

25
25
24

1
1

47
35
12
6

32
27
5

19
15
4

13 3
11 8
15
12

39
20
19
19

19
18
1

49
37
12
12

27
24
3
3

-

14
10
4
3

19
19
-

'

87
68
19
15

1
1
-

-

43
36
7
6

_

22
21
1
-

27
21
6
6

35
35
-

■

“

39
7
32
5

33
9
24
18

~

12
6
6
4
2

13
1
12
12

114
14
100
7
93

47
6
41
24
17

27
16
11
3
8

10
10
3
7

2
2
2

25
522
3
3

82
73

82
21
61
33
18
10

204
80
124
11 2
-

2158
266
1892
939
591
362

457
328
12 9
33
11
85

764
409
355
355

9
6
3

22
4
18

11
7
4

74
73
1

81
48

21
21
-

_

_

-

-

-

"

"

48
13
35
23

57
53
4
4

-

33
3
30
7
18

-

"

-

-

42
42
-

15
1
14
-

-

-

-

12
12
-

8
8
-

9
9
-

$
Average
hourly , U n d er 1. 00
earnings2
and
$
u n d er
1 .0 0
1. 10

$
1. 10

$

$

and

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n )
----------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------- _

459
18 8
271
220

$ 1 .5 2
1 .5 8
1 .4 7
1 .5 1

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s
--------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------W h o le s a l e tr a d e
---------- -------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e -------------------------------------------------------

868
490
37 8
144
201

2 . 13
2 . 28
1. 93
2 . 11
1 .8 2

-

S hip p in g c l e r k s
-----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------- -------------------------------W h o le s a l e tr a d e ----------------------------------------------

582
434
148
121

2.
2.
2.
2.

27
34
09
08

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

S hip p ing and r e c e iv in g c le r k s
-----------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------- --------- -------------------W h o le s a l e tr a d e
---------------------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------

422
16 3
259
65
16 0

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

39
28
46
45
52

_

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

-

"

"

"

11
11
11

041
273
768
55 5
560
619

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

60
60
60
56
69
62

12
12
1 12

1
1
-

20
6
14
3
6

33
26
7
3
-

12
12
12
-

40
26
14
6
-

-

16
6
10
1
5

-

-

-

415
240
175
87

2.
2.
2.
2.

32
44
17
43

1
1

16
6
10

14
14

19
12
7

11
11

14
14

20
18
2

-

-

"

“

T r u c k d r iv e r s6
M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------P u b lic u tilit ie s 3 ---------------------------------------------W h o le s a l e tr a d e _____________________________
R e ta il t r a d e -------------------------------- --------- -------

8,
2,
5,
3,
1,

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r 1 V 2 ton s)
--------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------W h o le s a l e tr a d e
_________________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to and
in c lu d in g 4 to n s) ------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------- -------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------P u b lic u tilit ie s 3 ---------------------------------------W h o le s a l e tr a d e
__________________________

3,
1,
1,
1,

024
167
857
515
15 8

2, 6 0 5
435
2, 17 0
1, 135
851

T r u c k d r i v e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o th e r than t r a i l e r type) ----------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------- -------------------W h o le s a l e tr a d e ---------------- — -------------

796
241
555
32 0




-

_
-

"

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

1

12
12
12

-

'

34
32
2
2
-

-

'

1

9

1

9

5
-

5

1

1
1
-

"

-

“

19 9
13 2
67
5
48
14

-

3808
833
2975
2397
441 j
137
94
51
43
42

-

33
33

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

16
16
-

17
17
-

3
2
1

8
8
-

-

3
■

_
-

-

!

11 0
29
81

:

si

j

"

1
-

1

T r u c k d r i v e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r type)
--------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ---------------------------------------W h o le s a l e tr a d e ---------------- ------ ----------

See footnotes at end of table.

-

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

59
62
56
57
56

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

|

-

-

1
-

j

6
6
-

14
14
-

1
1
1

26
26
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14
-

-

2 . 64
2 .5 9
2 . 65
2 . 60
2 . 72

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.
2.
2.
2.

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

66
62
68
77

'
1

-

-

63
61
2
2

!

1755
327
1428
1221
70

415
91
324
224
70

280
247
33
33

302
30 2
-

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

1014
10
1004
490
344

11
3
8
8

420
107
31 3
31 3

_
-

_
-

"

1103
272
831
645
186

-

-

48
48
48

461
101
360
143

102
84
18

5
2
3
3

42
42
42

9
6
3
3

10 0
19

-

81
7 81

15
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. , N ovem ber I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
Average
hourly - U n d er 1 . 0 0
earnings'2
and
$
u nder
1 .0 0
1. 10

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

26
21
46
40
48

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( fo r k lift)
------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------W h o le s a l e tr a d e
---------------------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------

2, 19 2
1, 74 7
445
137
24 5

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift) --------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------------------

39 4
358

2 . 20
2 . 18

W a tc h m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ---------------------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 4 -----------------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s
-------------------------------------------------------------

1, 15 4
577
57 7
116
127
174
94

1 .6 6
1 .8 4
1 .4 8
1 .9 3
1. 32
1 .5 5
1 .2 7

-

$
1. 10

$
1 .2 0

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1. 80

$
1 .9 0

$
2 . 00

$
2 . 10

$
2 . 20

$
2 . 30

$
2. 40

$
2 . 50

$
2 . 60

$
2 . 70

$
2 . 80

$
2 . 90

$
3. 00

1 .2 0

1. 30

1. 40

1. 50

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1. 90

2 . 00

2. 10

2. 20

2 . 30

2. 40

2. 50

2 . 60

2 . 70

2 . 80

2. 90

3. 00

over

23 5
226
9
5

218
206
12
10

188
18 5
3
2

-

60
60

84
84

68
40
28
4
24

17
7
10
2
7
1

119
62
57
57
-

and

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

18
18
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

91
45
46
35
8

-




214
214
-

-

"

-

28
28

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

_

103
103
8
25
1
21

28
6
22
4
18

11 3
21
92
8
39
27
18

79
8
71
32
15
12

141
83
58
2
17
22
17

11 2
90
22
3
19

60
31
29
26

-

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 3 to $ 3. 10.
Includes all d riv e r s re ga rd le ss o f s ize and type o f truck operated.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 30 at $ 3 to $ 3. 20; 39 at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 40; 12 at $3.4 0 and o ver.

NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion o f railroad s.

-

5
5

1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

24
24
24

168
164
4
2

303
236
67
12
55

29 7
28 7
10
7

292
69
223
59
113

16 0
89
71
39
32

36
15
21
3
18

3
2
1
-

-

1

-

-

35
33

29
29

43
14

58
58

36
33

4
2

_

_

_

-

-

12
12

105
70
35
35
-

70
66
4
4
-

2
2
-

45
45
-

_

1
1
-

_
-

36
36
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
_




16

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l, P h ila d elp h ia , P a . , N ov em b er I960)
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
Shift d iffe r e n tia l

In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —
Secon d shift
w o rk

T h ird o r oth er
shift w o rk

A ctu a lly w ork in g on—
S econ d shift

T h ird o r other
shift

T o t a l _______________________________________________

8 5 .6

8 2 .8

1 4 .3

5 .6

W ith shift pay d iffe r e n tia l -----------------------------------

8 3 .5

7 9 .8

13.9

5 .3

U n iform cen ts (p e r h o u r) ____________________

3 9 .4

3 5 .4

6 .6

2. 7

Under 5 ce n ts ______________________________
5 c e n t s ______________________________________
5 V3 ce n ts ___________________________________
6 ce n ts _____________________________________
7 cen ts ______________________________________
7 Va ce n ts ___________________________________
8 cen ts _____________________________________
9 cen ts _____________________________________
10 ce n ts -------------------------------------------------------11 ce n ts _____________________________________
12 cen ts _____________________________________
13, I 3 V3 o r 14 ce n ts ______________________
15 cen ts _____________________________________
16 cen ts _____________________________________
O ver 16 cents ____________
______________

.9
8 .1
.5
2 .3
1 .7
5 .2
7 .9
.8
6 .0
.8
2 .5
2 .0
.7

.6
1.9
.5
_
4. 1
1 .4
.9
10.9
5 .7
1 .6
1.9
3 .5
2 .3

.1
1 .4
(2)
.6
.4
1.0
1 .3
.1
.8
.3
.2
.4
(2)

_
.1
_
.5
( 3)
.1
.6
.7
.1
.1
.5
.1

U n iform p e rce n ta g e ----------------------------------------

4 0 .6

4 0 .2

6 .1

1.9

5 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
7 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
7Va p e r c e n t ________________ ________________
8 V4 p e r c e n t _________________________________
10 p e r c e n t __________________________________
12 p e r c e n t __________________________________
15 p e r c e n t __________________________________

4 .2
6 .6
2 .0
.9
2 7 .0
-

_ '
6 .0
1 .9
.9
2 8 .4
.5
2 .4

.6
1 .0
.5
.2
3 .9
-

_
.1
.1
( a)
1 .7
(*)
( 2)

O ther fo r m a l paid d iffe r e n tia l _______________

3 .5

4 .2

1.2

.7

2 .1

2 .9

.4

.3

No shift pay d iffe r e n tia l

________________________

1 In clu d es e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts , and e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late shifts
even though they w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t.

17
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y m in im u m e n tran ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. , N o v e m b e r I960)
O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s

In e x p e rie n ce d typists

L

M anufacturin g

tr ie s

A ll
tr ie s

40

A ll
sch ed u les

35

37V2

383 4
/

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

7

33

3 7*/,

0
0

A ll
schedules

E sta b lish m en ts studied ------------------------

310

129

XXX

XXX

XXX

181

E sta b lish m en ts having a
s p e c ifie d m in im u m ---------------------------

163

69

14

9

42

94

_

_

4

3

-

-

-

3
-

-

$ 4 0 . 00
$42 . 50
$45 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$50 . 00
$52 . 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$57 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$62 . 50
$65 . 00
$67 . 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$72 . 50
$ 75. 00
$77 . 50
$80 . 00
$82 . 50
$85 . 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u nd er $ 4 2 .5 0 --------------u n d er $ 4 5 . 00 --------------u nd er $ 4 7 . 50 --------------u nd er $ 5 0 . 00 ------ —-----u nd er $52 . 50 --------------u nd er $55 . 00 --------------under $5 7 . 50 --------------u nd er $60 . 00 --------------u nd er $6 2 . 50 --------------under $6 5 . 00 --------------un d er $ 6 7 . 50 --------------un d er $ 7 0 . 00 --------------un d er $ 7 2 .5 0 --------------u nd er $ 7 5 . 00 --------------u nd er $ 77. 50 --------------un d er $ 8 0 . 00 --------------un d er $ 8 2 . 50 --------------u nd er $ 8 5 . 00 --------------o v e r -------------------------------

8

3
42
13
24
9
16
9
13
4
7
3

2
1
2
1
2
2
2

2
1
1
1
2
6
1
0
1
2
2
1
1
1
-

3

3

7

4
3
-

-

6
2
2 1
0
2 2
1
2
1 1
6
2 1 2 1
0
2
0
1 1
1 2
2
2 1
1 1
1 1
1
3
31

9
3
4
-

3
3
3
-

1
6
1
6 1
1 1
2
2 2
1
1
1
26

-

_
-

5

3
3

-

3
-

1
2
1
1
1
1
_

_

-

310

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ou rs
A ll
s ch e d u les

129

5

3

35
15
30
9
17

3
3

5
14
4

181

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

84

39
13

-

E sta b lish m en ts having no
s p e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------------

60

27

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts w h ich did not e m p lo y
w o r k e r s in this c a t e g o r y -------------------

86

33

XXX

XXX

XXX

53

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

47

Data not a v a i l a b l e ----------------------------------

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

1
2
2
8
_

3
4
4
5

See note on




p.

18,

r e la tiv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s .

383 4
/

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

17

26

7

40

1
1 1
1 8 6
0
1 2 2
6
1
6
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

17
7
25

5
-

3
9

5

2
1
1
1
1
-

40

2
6
1
6
1
2
9

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

34

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

2
2
2
2
1
1
1
4
-

1 L ow est s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r oth er c le r i c a l jo b s .
2 R a tes a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g i r ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a re p r e s e n te d fo r all w ork w eek s c o m b in e d a n d f o r
N O T E:

3 7V2

XXX

XXX

33

4

11
0

44

35

2

-

-

_
3
-

of----

-

2
2

3

XXX

XXX

XXX

3

-

2

4
3
4

2

-

XXX

-

-

-

-

40

3
4

7

-

-

38y4

17

3

-

-

XXX

77

-

3

371
/*

A ll
sch ed­
ules

1
0
2 1
0
2 8 1
0 2 1
6
2
1
1
2 1 1 2 1
1 1
0 6
2 1
1
1
1
2
2
2 2
1
1 2 2
1 1
1 2 1
1
1
178

4

-

-

N onm anufa ctur ing

M anufacturin g

N onm anufacturing

B ased on standard w e e k ly hours 1 3 o f----

A ll

M inim um w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

2

the

3
5

-

-

m ost

-

-

1

3

5
-

-

2

XXX

XXX

co m m o n w ork w eek s

1
1
1

-

r e p o r te d .

18
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y s ch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r I960)
O F FIC E W O RK ER S ’

W eekly h ou rs

PL AN T W O RK ERS
AU
industries

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

100

100

U nder 3 5 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------3 5 h o u r s -------- ------------------------------------------------—
3 6 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------3 6 V 4 hour s ______________________________________
O v e r 3 6 V 4 and under 3 7l/z h ou rs ______________
3 7 V 2 h ou rs ______________ ______________________
O v e r 3 7 V 2 and under 3 8 3/4 h o u rs ______________
3 8 3/4 h ou rs ______________________________________
O v e r 3 8 3/4 and under 4 0 h o u r s __'_______________
4 0 h o u r s __________________________________________
4 2 h o u r s __________________________________________
O v e r 4 2 and under 4 8 h o u rs ___________________
4 8 h ou rs and o v e r _______________________________

1
8

(4 )
5

6

7

(4 )

_

_

6
2

17

_

_

_

4

4

6

_
-

(4 )

7

16

8

(4 )

100

4

1

-

20

22

1

10

17

2

_

44

_
(4 )
(4 )

1

100

Retail trade

100

(4 )

23

(4 )

.

!

Manufacturing

1
2
3
4

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

All
industries

_
(4 )

_

Finance

100

2

Services

100

2

3

3

13

1

24

47

7

_

1

1

15

3

5

10

_

-

8

63

14

-

_
_

52

_

_
_

_
_

(4 )
1

Wholesale
trade

100

Manufacturing

100

(4 )

(4)
29

86

1

1
1

_

1

_
_
_




Services

100

100

_

_

_

_
'
(4 )

1
_

2
6

_
_

10

_

(*)

4

_
_
_
86
_

_
99
_

87
4

_

_

8

_

T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
F in a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l estate.
In clu d es data f o r r e a l e sta te in add ition to th o s e in du stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.

N O T E:

Retail trade

4

1

68

Public ,
utilities *

100

23

52

3

100

_

21

,

E s tim a te s fo r a ll in d u s tr ie s and p u b lic u tilitie s in clu d e data f o r r a ilr o a d s (SIC 40), o m itte d f r o m the s c o p e o f a ll la b o r m a r k e t
w age s u r v e y s m ade b e fo r e July 1959.
W h ere sig n ifica n t, the e ffe c t o f the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s is g r e a t e s t on the data shown
s e p a r a te ly fo r the p u b lic u tilitie s d iv isio n .

_
5

7
1
_

1

_
79

5

73

_

5
5

9

19
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in d u stry d iv is io n s by nu m ber o f pa id h olid ays
p ro v id e d annually, P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r I960)
OFFICE w o r k e r s ;

Item

A ll w o r k e r s

All
industries

_

_

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid h o lid a y s
_
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p aid h olid a ys

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS

Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

89

99

80

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

2

-

-

11

1

20

_

_

_

_

35
2

-

43
15
4
9
23
1
5

2
15
1
4
33
2
2
28
2
1
4
1
2
1
1

1
9
1
5
38
4
3
27
2
2
4
1
1

(4 )
2

_

16
12
2
15
11
4
26

5
39
2

-

-

100

N um ber o f d a y s
L e s s than 6 h olid a y s ___ __ ____________ _____
6 h olid a y s ______ __ __ __ ________ ______ __ __
6 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf day
6 h olid a y s plus 2 r 3, o r 4 h alf days
7 h olid a y s
7 h olid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day _____ __________________
7 h olid a y s plu s 2, 3, o r 5 h a lf days
8 h olid a y s
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___________________________
8 h olid a y s plu s 2, 3, o r 5 h a lf days ____________
9 h olid a y s
9 h o lid a y s plu s 1 o r 2 h a lf days
10 h olid a y s
_
10 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h alf day ___ __ ______________
11 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
11 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _____________ _____
12 h olid a y s _ __ __ ______________ __________ ______
13 h o l i d a y s _____ „ „ __ __ __________ ____________

_

_

_

11
2
2
20
7
3
18
1
2
4
3
5
1
1
1
18
2

13
1
4
28
8
5
26
3
2
5
1
5

(4 )

-

(4 )
-

-

(4 )
39

2
-

24
(4 )
-

3
4
21
3
(4 )
-

2
(4 )

-

6
4
-

5
-

-

18
7
-

32
4
-

3
-

"

2
4
1
1
-

1
4
7
-

3
4
67
7

-

1
-

I4 )
-

(4 )
(4 )

-

1

-

-

47
-

32

10
2
3
12
2
(4 )
51

_

14

62
2
4
6

-

_
_

34

1
2

_

-

-

-

2
(4 )
10
5

6

5

2

_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

2
(4 )

2

_

_

T o t a l h o l i d a y t im e 5
13 days _ __ __ __ __ _________________________
12 o r m o r e days
II V 2 o r m o r e d a y s __ __ __ __________ _____ __
11 o r m o r e days _ ______ __ _______________________
I 0 V2 o r m o r e days ________________ _____ _____
10 o r m o r e d a y s ____________ ____________ _____
9 V2 o r m o r e days ___ __ __
________ __ __
9 o r m o r e days _____ __ __ ________ __ __ __
8 1 , o r m o r e days
/
8 o r m o r e days
7VZ o r m o r e days ___ __ __ __ _______________
7 o r m o r e days
_
„
6 V o r m o r e days
?,
6 o r m o r e days __ __ __ __ __________________
5 o r m o r e days _________________________________
4y>. o r m o r e days
1 o r m o r e days

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

2
20
21
22
23
30
31
36
37
58
66
87
89
100
100
100
100

-

(4 )
4)
(4 )
(4 )
5
5
13
15
46
55
86
87
100
100
100
100

(4 )
2
2
2
6
27
31
34
34
58
60
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
-

5
10
15
19
47
57
73
84
100
100
100
100

-

3
6
39
46
64
65
100
100
100
100

7
74
78
80
81
88
88
92
92
94
98
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
-

(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
1
1
7
31
43
57
100
100
100
100

(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
1
2
3
4
10
11
41
44
80
82
97
98
98
98

_
-

1
1
2
3
9
12
42
46
89
90
99
100
100
100

(4 )
2
2
2
7
17
17
19
19
51
51
98
98
100
100
100
100

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
2
2
8
8
62
64
76
79
89
89
89
89

_
_
_
_
5
5
39
39
53
55
94
94
94
99

_
_
_
_
_
2
4
5
5
16
18
80
80
80
80

T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
In clu des data fo r r e a l esta te in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cum ulated.

NOTE:

See note on p. 18, r e la tiv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s .




20

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by v a ca tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ., N o v e m b e r I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a tio n p o lic y
All
industries

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________________

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance2

Services

AU
,
industries 3

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

100

100

99
99

100
99
1
_

100
100
-

10 0
100
-

10 0
10 0
-

99
99
-

10 0
93
7

99
79
18
(4 )
3

100
70
28
2

100
100
_

91
83
3
5
_

100
100
_
_

100
66
3
_

-

-

-

-

(4 )

-

-

9

-

-

10
50
14
3

24
24
6

12
40
17
2

18
19
2

21
18
3

5
23
3

7
18
1

34
11
1

25
8
5

1

-

-

-

-

59
30
10
_

Retail trade

Services

M eth od o f p a ym en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t __________________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ________________________________
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------------------O th e r _____________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ______________________________________

(4)
_
(4)
(4 )

(4 )

-

31

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 5
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e

U nder 1 w e e k _ _ _ _ _ _
.... _
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
A fte r

12
44
12
8

-

-

7
56
13
23

7
51
13
17

21
17
2
1

1 y e ar o f se r v ic e

U n d e r 1 w e e k ______________________________________________
1 w e e k ______________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
___________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________________

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

24

13

(4)

64
_

18
_

79
_

1
_

_

(4 )
86
_

36
_

82
_

21
_

99
_

13
7
80
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

7

5
88
1

1
92
_

14
26
61
_

14
84
_

9
1
90
_

-

2

-

76

.

_

_

73

3

3

81
_

63
_

22

25
_

19
_

23
5

3
79
_
18
_

-

-

-

57
5
24
5

34
5
61
_

24
40
36
_

-

-

-

21
8
57
5

5
3
92
_

17
36
47
_

"

-

-

_
86

1
3
87
-

7
10
57
26

(4 )
74

(4 )
(4 )

-

(4)

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________ ____________
2 w e e k s ____________________________ _________________________
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s
-----------------------------------------3 w e e k s ___________________ __________ _______________________

(4 )

-

_

3

_
100
-

8
76
13

-

-

49
15
35
(4 )
1

53
19
27
_
1

56
_
44
_
(4 )

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________ ____________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________________________
3 w e e k s _______________ _____________________________________

4
1
93
1
1

3
2
92

(4)
2

14
_

7
_

2
_

_

86
_

92
_

98
_

10 0
_

2
8
77
13

-

2

-

-

-

1
53
19
27

-

19
18
60
1
2

16
26
54
2
3

1
2
85

1
1
84
6
8

51
_
48
_

( 4)

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ______________ _____ ______ _______________________ _____
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s
___________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________________

See foo tn o te s at end o f ta'ble.




(4)
(4)

(4)

87

82

_

_

_

_

83
_

92
_

17

8

95
4
1

5

7

95
_

8

10

5

5
7

_
97
-

3

5

9

21

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v a ca tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r I960)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n , p a y

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

Ail
industries J

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

— C o n tin u e d 5

A fter 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____ _______________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________________
2 w eek s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s ______________________
3 w eek s _________________________________ _________
O ver 3 and under 4 w ee k s ______________________
4 w eek s ___________________________________________

( 4)
(4 )
53
3
43
( 4)
(4)

(4)

1
1
43
10
45
1
-

1
_
44
14
41
1
-

_
49
_
51
_

_
46
7
38
_

1
3
27
_
69
_

-

1
46
3
40
4
7

-

-

-

(4 )
38
2
48
5
7

1
1
15
1
76
6
( 4)

1
_
15
_
75
10
(4 )

_
_
_
100
_

-

_
9
1
89
1
-

_
25
5
55
_
5

_
11
_
68
_
21

_
3
_
84
_
13

(4)
38
2
48
5
7

1
1
14
1
60
5
18

1
_
14
_
64
7
14

_
_
_
82
_
18

(4)
37
2
46
5
10

1
1
14
1
37
5
41

_
14
86
_

_
77
5
19
_

-

_
56
_
42
_
2

"

_
3
_
96
_
1

_
21
_
77
_
2

_
11
_
89
_

_
3
_
93
_
4

_
21
_
58
_
21

41
3
55
_

_
65
_
35
_

-

3
10
58
21
3
5
-

A fter 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ..... ................................ ................. ............ ............
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s ______________________
2 w eek s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ________ ____ ______________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s __________________ ___
4 w eek s __________________________________________

( 4)
( 4)
11
( 4)
88
1
1

(4)
9
_
90
( 4)
( 4)

-

1
3
13
_
83
_
-

3
2
53
16
15
10
-

A fter 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________ __________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w eek s -------------------------- -------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________
4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------

( 4)
( 4)
9
(4)
74
1
15

(4)
9
_
68
2
21

_
25
5
32

1
3
13
_
48

_

_

28

35

.

1
3
11

3
2
48
21
15
10
-

A fter 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s ....... ............ ....... ......... .
2 w eek s ----------- -------- ------ ------ ------ ------- ----------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eeks __________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w ee k s ______________________
4 w eek s __________________________________________

1
a
3
4
5
s e r v ic e

( 4)
( 4)
9
( 4)
42
(4 )
49

T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and other public
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
In clu des data fo r r e a l e state in add ition to th o se
L e s s than 0 .5 p e rce n t.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and
in clu d e chan ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een

( 4)
-

10
_

43
(4)
47

3

-

-

-

21

10

3

_

_

_

_

67

52

16

30

_

-

_

_

30

27

75

66

1
-

14
_

38
7
40

_
_
_

63

25
5
29

_

18

_

_

_

37

31

3
2
42
21
21
10

68

u tilitie s .
in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
do not n e c e s s a r ily
5 and 10 y e a r s .

r e fl e c t the individ ual p r o v is io n s

fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .

F or ex a m p le ,

the chan ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s '

N O TE: See note on p. 18, r e la tiv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s . In the tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n ce s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym ents oth er than "length o f t i m e " su ch as p e rcen ta g e o f
annual earn in gs o r fla t -s u m paym en ts, w e r e c o n v e r te d to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e rce n t o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




22
T a b le B-6. H ealth, Insurance, an d Pension Plans

(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits!, Philadelphia, P a ., November I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type of benefit
All
industries

A ll workers ----------------

---------------------------------------

10
0

Manufacturing

10
0

Public i
utilities

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

10
0

10
0

10
0

Finance 2

10
0

Services

All
industries 3

Manufacturing

10
0

10
0

10
0

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0
8
8

W orkers in establishments providing:

Life insurance -----------------------------------------------Accidental death and dismemberment
in su ran ce------------------------------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both4 _ —
- -----

92

99

62

94

95

90

93

72

96

92

43

35

25

33

42

42

29

45

48

58

77

90

6
1

33

2
2

79

33

81

87

65

55

87

96

72

84

80

55

Sickness and accident insurance „_______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p e rio d )____ ____________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) _________________________

39

63

30

44

38

9

77

91

46

57

79

27

6
1

29

69
4

4

“

39

-

3

82
75
32
35
76

56
54
41
52
91

51
31
30

Hospitalization insurance --------------------------Surgical insurance ----------------------------------------Medical insurance____________________________
Catastrophe insurance ----------------------------------Retirement pen sion __________________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan ____

6
1
5
70
67
49
40
79
(5)

8
6
8
6
8
6
64
33

(5)

1

54
50
49
47
57
(5 )

6
6

57
40
32
79

1

98

41

2
0
2
36

1
2
8

87
82
55
15
73

1

67

6
1

28

18

1
2

19

"

18

7

71
55
40
34
72

91
75
45
25
78

77
74
49
7
70

73
54
56

47

7

2
0

3
94
93
60
14
79

1

2

2
8
6

Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
a Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick-leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee.
Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
L ess than 0 .5 percent.

3
4
5

NOTE:

See note on p. 18,




relative to the inclusion of railroads.

23

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
B I L L E R , M A CH IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B iller, machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing ma­

chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) — Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) tp prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




C lass A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
C la ss B — Keeps a record o f one or more phases or section s o f
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping*
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billin g described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
C la ss A — Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

24

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
C la ss B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

C LER K , PA YRO LL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
CO M PTO M ETER O P ER A T O R

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

C LER K , F IL E
C lass A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ssifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may aliso file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
C la ss B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s. May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

C L E R K , O RD ER

R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow in g:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EO G R A PH O R D IT T O )

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPU N CH

O PERA TO R

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, follow ing written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
O F F I C E B O Y O R G IR L

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

25

SECRETA RY

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STEN O G RAPH ER, G EN ER A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
S T E N O G R A P H E R , T E C H N IC A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SW ITC H B O A RD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.




T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C lass A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo s e supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o es not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May a lso include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
C la ss C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

26

T Y P I S T —-Continued

T Y P IS T

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing p rocesses. May do clerica l work involving little specia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
C lass A — Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
C la ss B — Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
D R A FT S M A N , JU N IO R

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
D R A FT S M A N , L E A D E R

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the follow in g: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining woric procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

D R A FT S M A N , S E N IO R — Continued

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L ( R E G I S T E R E D )

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combiner
tion o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records o f patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

D R A FT S M A N , S E N IO R
TRA CER

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

27

MAINTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or o il burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




H E L P E R , T R A D E S , M A IN T E N A N C E

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O LR O O M

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .
M A CH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

28

M A CH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

M IL LW R IG H T — Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T EN A N C E)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
M EC H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M IL LW R IG H T

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




O IL E R

Lubricates, with o il or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
fa ces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in volves the follow in g: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow in g:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating sy ste m s are exclu ded .

29

T O O L AND D IE M A K E R

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines fu s in g a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U STO D IA L AND M A T E R IA L MOVEMENT
E L E V A T O R O PER A TO R , PA SSEN GER

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R — Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering .

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

30

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G — Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen , who load and unload sh ips are excluded .

O RD ER F IL L E R

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers9
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
R eceiv in g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

T R U C K D R IV E R

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places of business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow ing: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. P ackers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded .

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work in v o lv es: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. R eceivin g work in v o lv e s: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
b ills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver9 light (under 1% tons)
,
Truckdriver , medium ( l l to and including 4 tons)
A
Truckdriver , h eavy (over 4 ton s , trailer typ e)
Truckdriver , h eavy (over 4 ton s , other than trailer typ e)

T R U C K E R , P O W ER

Operates a manually controlled ga solin e- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker , power (forklift)
Trucker , power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1961 O - 582596







Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285
Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—Port Arthur, T ex .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285”
Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285♦ ♦ Boston, M ass.— Bull. 1285-15
Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Burlington, V t.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. V a .— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285♦ ♦ Chattanooga, Tenn.—G a.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.— Bull. 1285♦ ♦ Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285Dallas, Tex.— Bull. 1285-21
* * Davenport—Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Denver, Colo.— Bull. 1285“
D es Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, M ich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, T ex.— Buil. 1285-23

♦Green Bay, W is.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex.— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F ia.-—Bull. 1285Kansas City, Mo.—Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—Haverhill, M ass.—N .H .— Bull. 1285sjesjeLittle Rock—North Little Rock, Ark.— Buil. 1285-6
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285♦Manchester, N .H .— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285Miami, F la .— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N .J.— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a.— Bull. 1285♦ ♦Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
♦ ♦Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N .J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285-19
Portland, Oreg.—Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—Pawtucket, R .I.—M ass.— Bull. 1285'
♦ ♦Raleigh, N .C .— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, V a.— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285♦ ♦St. Louis, Mo.—111.— Bull. 1285-10
Salt Lake City, Utah— B ull. 1285San Antonio, Tex.— Bull. 1285♦ San Bernardino—Riverside—Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, G a.-— Bull. 1285♦ ♦ Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
♦ ♦Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
♦ ♦♦Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285- 17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285“
Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N .J.— Bull. 1285Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a .— Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
♦ ♦Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
♦ ♦ Wilmington, D el.—N .J.— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, P a.— Bull. 1285-

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

T
♦♦
***




Price, 20 cents.
Price, 25 cents.
Price, 15 cents.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102