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Occupational Wage Survey

NEWARK-JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY
D E C E M B E R

B u lle tin

N o .

1 2 4 0 -9

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Jamts P. Mitchell, Secretory



1 9 5 8

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagoe, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
N E W A R K -J E R S E Y C I T Y , N E W




JE R S E Y

D EC EM BER 1958

Bulletin No. 1240-9
March 1959

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguo, Commbsionor

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

-

Price 20 cents

The Library of Congress has cataloged the series
in which this publication appears as follows:

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Bulletin, no. 1Kov. 1895Washington.




no. in

v.

y. illus. 16-28 cm.

Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

Library of Congress

331.06173
[r58t2j

23-26 cm.

Nov. 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages-^-U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. [2. Employee benefltsj
i. Title.
( Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

HD8051.A62

The Library of Congress has cataloged this
publication as follows:

15-23307 rev*J

HD4973.A462

331.2973

U. S. Dept, of Labor.
for Library of Congress

Library
c57r52nljf

L 49—125*

Contents

Preface

Page
In trod u ction __________________________________________________________
Wage tren d s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ____________________

The C om m u nity W age Survey P r o g r a m
T he B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a rea w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n um ber o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
cen ters.
T h e studies* m ade fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
re la te to o ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and re la te d su p p lem en tary
b e n e fits .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in e a c h area* u su a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g the
p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied . T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s ad d ition a l data
not in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t . A co n s o lid a te d a n a ly tica l
b u lletin su m m a rizin g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the y e a r ’ s su r v e y s
is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a re a b u lletin fo r the
cu rre n t round o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y _____
In d exes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e
h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s,
and p e r ce n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s ____________
O ccu p a tion a l ea rn in g s: *
A - 1. O ffice o ccu p a tio n s ____________________________________
A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s _____________
A - 3 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp lan t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________
A - 4 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t o c c u p a t io n s ______

A ppendix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s

_____________________________—

* N O TE: S im ila r ta bu la tion s fo r m o s t o f th ese ite m s a re a v a ila ­
b le in the N e w a r k -J e r s e y C ity a r e a r e p o r t s fo r N ov em b er 1951
and 1952; D e c e m b e r 1953, 1954, 1955, and 1957. M ost o f the
r e p o r t s in clu d ed data on shift d iffe r e n tia l p r o v is io n s ; m in im u m
en tra n ce r a te s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs;
paid h olid a y s; paid v a ca tio n s ; and health, in su ra n ce , and p en ­
sion p la n s.
The 1953 r e p o r t (B L S B u ll. 1 1 57 -2) p ro v id e s a
tabu lation o f the rate o f pay fo r h olid a y w ork ; the 1954 r e p o r t ,
data on pay p r o v is io n s fo r h o lid a y s fa llin g on n on w orkd ays, and
fr e q u e n c y o f w age paym en t.
Both the 1953 and 1957 r e p o r t s
p rov id e data on o v e r tim e pay p r a c t ic e s , w age stru ctu re c h a r a c ­
t e r is t ic s , and la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts . A d ir e c t o r y in ­
dica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as
r e p o r t s fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e st.
A c u rre n t r e p o r t on occu p a tion a l earn ings and su p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s is a ls o a v a ila b le f o r auto d e a le r r e p a ir
sh ops in the N e w a r k -J e r s e y C ity a re a (August 1958). A r e p o r t
on occu p a tion a l earn in gs is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in e ry
in d u stries (January 1959). Data f o r su p p lem en ta ry w age p r a c ­
tic e s in the m a ch in e ry in d u stries w e re in cluded in the r e p o r t of
January i9 5 8 . Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e of p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls ,
a r e a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g trad es o r in d u str ie s :
B uilding
c o n s tr u c tio n , prin tin g, lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and
m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

1
2
rO v v 00
OO

T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u rea u ’ s r e g io n a l
o ffic e in New Y o r k , N. Y . , b y E llio tt A . B r o w a r , under
the d ir e c tio n o f F r e d e r ic k W. M u e lle r , R eg ion a l Wage and
In d u stria l R e la tio n s A n a ly st.




1
2

10




Occupational W age Survey— Newark-Jersey City, N. J.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is on e o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u stria l c e n t e r s in
w hich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r s B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s
con d u cts su r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w age b en efits
on an a re a b a s is .

b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll esta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry grou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
ce p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.

The b u lletin p r e s e n ts c u r r e n t o ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t and
earn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtain ed la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the e sta b lish m en ts
v is ite d by B u reau fie ld agents in the la s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y fo r o c c u ­
pations r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study.
P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m ade
to n on resp on d en ts and to th ose resp on d en ts r e o o r tin g unusual ch a n g es
sin c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

The o ccu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
of m a n u factu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a se d on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
take a ccou n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ith in the sa m e
jo b . (S ee appendix fo r lis tin g o f th e se d e s c r ip t i o n s .)
E a rn in gs data
a r e p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty pes o f o c ­
cu p a tio n s: (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in ­
ten an ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t.

O ccu p a tion s and E arn in gs

In e a c h a r e a , data a r e obtain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h ­
m ents w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r ­
tation (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s ;
w h olesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su r a n ce , and r e a l esta te; and
s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u stry grou ps e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ie s, b e s id e s
r a ilr o a d s , a r e g ov ern m en t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x ­
tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E sta b lish m en ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d
n um ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted a ls o b e c a u se they fu rn ish in su ffic ie n t
e m p loy m en t in the occu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a rra n t in clu s io n . 1 W h e r ­
e v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te tabulations a re p r o v id e d fo r ea ch o f the b r o a d
in d u stry d iv is io n s .

O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o se h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
ule in the given o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e
p re m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts .
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g bon u ses and in cen tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sch e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s f o r th ese
occu p a tio n s have b een rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h ese s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u se o f the
u n n e ce s sa ry c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts .
T o o b ta in
a p p rop ria te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied.
In co m b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s tim a te s

O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly su r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l str u c tu r e am ong
e sta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
pation al stru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in gs data.

1 See table b elow fo r m in im u m -s iz e e sta b lish m en t c o v e r e d .
T able 1.

Industry division

A ll divisions

__

---------

1 by m ajor industry division, 2 D ecem ber 1958

E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope of survey and number studied in N ew ark -Jersey City,
M inimum
em ploym ent
in e stablish ­
m ents in scope
of study

Studied

Within
scope of
study

Studied

1, 047

276

360,400

217, 940

101

588
459

146
130

228, 900
131, 500

130,710
87,230

101
51
101
51
51

48
150
54
94
113

19
36
23
24
28

34,000
15, 000
26, 500
30, 800
25, 200

28, 490
5,260
19, 4b0
18, 970
15, 050

------- __ ------- ------------ — —

M anufacturing _ __ ------------------------------------- — -------------- Nonmanufacturing
__ __ __
__ __
— ------ --------Tran sportation (excluding r a ilro a d s), com m unication,
and other public u tilitie s 4 ------------ _ -----------------W holesale trade
---- __
---------------------- — —
R etail trade (except lim ite d -p ric e variety s t o r e s ) -------Finance, insurance, and re a l estate
___ __ __ __ __
S e r v ic e s 5* 4 -------------- ------------ ----- --------------------------

W orkers in establishm ents

Number of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study 3

1 The N ew ark -Jersey City area (E sse x , Hudson, and Union C ounties). The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate d escrip tion of the size and com position
o f the labor fo r c e included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a basis of com parison with other area em ploym ent indexes to m easure em ploym ent trends or lev els since ( l ) plan­
ning o f wage surveys req u ire s the use o f establishm ent data com piled con siderably in advance o f the pay period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of survey.
2 The 1957 re v ise d edition o f the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tio n Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry division. M ajor changes from the e a r lie r edition used in previous surveys are
the tran sfer o f m ilk pasteurization plants and ready m ixed con crete establishm ents fro m trade (wholesale or retail) to m anufacturing, and the tran sfer of radio and telev ision broadcasting fro m s e r v ic e s to the
transportation, com m u nication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation. A ll outlets (within the a re a ) o f com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair s e r v ic e , and m otionpicture theaters a re co n sid e re d as 1 establishm ent.
4 A ls o exclu des taxicabs, and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation.
5 T h is industry division is represen ted in estim ates fo r "a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables, although coverage w as insufficient to justify separate presentation of the data.
4 H otels; person al s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile repair shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organization s; and engineering and arch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .




2
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
T h e ta b le b e lo w p r e s e n ts in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
plant w o r k e r g ro u p s .

o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to ob ta in
tion a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a tio o f th e se
y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r th e b a s e p e r io d
w a s com p u ted and the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d
g et the in d ex fo r the g iv e n y e a r .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h o u r s o f w o r k , that is ,
the stan dard w o rk sch ed u le fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a r e pa id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rly
e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
The in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t
jo b s w ith in ea ch g rou p . The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a p h in e); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A a n d B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file ,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k e y -p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ;
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B .
T h e in d u stria l n u rse data a r e b a s e d on w om en in d u str ia l n u r s e s . M en
in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w e r e
in clu d ed in the plant w o r k e r data: S killed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ;
m a ch in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in t e r s ;
p ip e fitte r s ; s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d —
ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h an dlin g; and
w a tch m en .

The in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w ag e c h a n g e s; (2 ) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in the
la b o r fo r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay l e v e ls .
C h an g es in the la b o r f o r c e can
ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t
a ctu a l w age c h a n g e s. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m igh t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ifi c o c cu p a tio n and r e ­
sult in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . T h e m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f a n a r e a c o u ld ca u se the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no ch an ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
T h e use o f con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
clu d e d in the data.
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c e d by ch a n g es in
stan dard w o r k sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e , sin c e th ey
a r e b a s e d on pay f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s w e r e
com p u te d fo r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e th en m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 em p loy m en t in the jo b .
T h e s e w eig h ted e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l
T a b le 2.

an a g g re g a te f o r 'e a c h o c c u p a ­
g rou p a g g r e g a te s f o r a g iv en
(s u r v e y m on th , w in te r 1952-53)
b y the b a s e y e a r in d ex (10 0) to

In d e x e s fo r the p e r io d 1953 to 1958 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts a p p e a r e d in B L S B u ll. 1 2 2 4 -2 0 , W ages and R e la te d
B e n e fits , 19 L a b o r M a r k e ts , W in ter 1 9 5 7 -5 8 .

I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in N e w a r k - J e r s e y C it y , N. J . ,
D e c e m b e r 1958 and D e c e m b e r 1957, and p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d e x e s
(N o v e m b e r 1952 = 100)

In d u stry and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

P e rc e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —

D e c e m b e r 1957 D e c e m b e r 1955 D e c e m b e r 1954 D e c e m b e r 1953 N o v e m b e r 1952 N o v e m b e r 1951
to
to
to
to
to
to
D e c e m b e r 1958 D e c e m b e r 1957
D e c e m b e r 1958 D e c e m b e r 1957 D e c e m b e r 1955 D e c e m b e r 1954 D e c e m b e r 1953 N o v e m b e r 1952

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) ______________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) ___________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n )
--------------------------U n s k ille d plant (m e n ) ________________________

129.
132.
132.
134.

3
1
3
9

125. 0
126. 1
1 2 7 .4
1 2 8 .4

3. 5
4. 7
3 .9
5. 0

9 .6
1 3 .4
1 0 .4

8.6

3. 8
1 .4
5 .4
6. 0

3 .9
4. 3
3. 7
4 .2

5 .7
5 .2
5. 6
7. 1

7. 0
4. 7
3 .9
6 .9

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) ______________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) --------------- -------- _
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n ) -----------------------------U n s k ille d p lan t ( m e n ) _________ _ -----------------

132. 0
132. 1
132. 2
1 3 9 .6

126. 2
126. 1
127. 6
1 3 2 .2

4. 6
4 .7
3. 6
5 .6

10. 8
1 3 .4
10. 3
10. 1

3. 8
1 .4
5. 8
6 .9

3.
4.
3.
4.

5. 9
5 .2
5. 5
7. 8

6. 2
3 .9
4. 1
8* 2




7
3
7
1

A*

O c c u p a t io n a l

E a r n in g s

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Newark-Jersey City, N. J. , December 1958)
Atssaob .
N ber
um
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OP—

$
35.00
W
eekly
hours1 2 ^ *
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00

$
45.00

5*0.00

i s . 00

^ 0 .0 0

I s . 00

$
S
70.00 75.00

4 5 .0 0 50.00

55.00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.0 0

8 5 .0 0

_
_
"

8
3
5
1

17
6
11
8

31
3
28
5
9

38
19
19
6
6

47
z3
24
10
10

26
8
18

21
i4
7

25
9
16

41
27
14

19
12
7

36
rr —
21
21

18
6
4

11
5

5
5

21
20

12
4

22

24
5
4

26
11
15
4
10

22
14
8
7

5
6
-

$
4 0 .0 0

80 .0 0 1 5 .00
90.0 0

*90.00 *95.00 t o o . 00 1 0 5 .0 0 110.00 il5 .0 G 1*20.00
and
9 5.00 100.00 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 120.00 over

Men
$
94. 00
96. 50
90.00
89. 50
78.50

_
_
"

_
"

_
_

3
3
3

82.50
7T .T Q 85.00

_
"

_
-

1
_
1

28
7
- — nr
13
7

C lerk s, ord er
_
---- ----------Manufacturing __ ________ _______ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
____ ____
_ _ _____
__ _
W holesale trade
__ ___________ __ _

256
89.50
38.0
— m r ~ " T O " TT75TT
148
86.50
38.0
118
87.50
38.0

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
"

_
1
- --------r —
■
■

C lerk s , p ayroll _ _ __ ___ _ ________
_
Manufacturing ____________ __
_____

118
39.0
-------87“ -■ W . 0

"

3
2'

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s
Manufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities*
_
Finance t ---------------

A ____
_____
______ _ ——
-

__ __
___

__ _____
_ _
_ _
_
_____________
____ - — __
__ _________

_ _

— —

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B
_____
Manufacturing _ _ __ __
- Nonmanufacturing
_
__ _ _

O ffice boys __ __
_
Manufacturing __
Nonmanufacturing _
Public u tilities*
Finance t
__

—

_

470

_
—
_
—

.3 8 .0
"1 7 O
'
36.5
35.0
35.5

304
39.0
----- IT T " ' 1 7 5 "
38.5
173

_ _

_

430
— ZTT" “
184
57
53

— w r~
273
33
155

___
_

Tabulating-m achine op erator s _________________ _______
M an u factu rin g_
_ __ ____ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
___ ___
__ _ _
__ _

641
212
429

38.0
38.5
37.5
37.0
37.0

88.50
"88. gg"'

-

56.50
9
T O T -------8“
55.50
l
57.50
55.00
-

40
3
37
7
3

90

76
W ----- 4 2 "
34
52
4
1
28
47

67

6
3

41
7
34

106
46
60
5
22

26

26
18
r ------- j - —
17
23
7
23
_

28
------- T -

"

r r —

50
31
19
9
10

32
23
9
7
1

63
40
23
13
6

29
24
5
2
“

8
6
2

30
22
8

8
b
2

84
8
76

5
1

33
nr
18
17

24
8
16
15

24
6
18
8

17
1
16
16

12
r

7
5

7
4

7
7 "

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

80
17
63

31
19
12

37
zr~ —

17

27
“ 23"
4
A

31

11
8
3
-

43
17
*26
4
“

1

_
-

_
”

8
8
“

1
- "
1
1

lb

5
1
-

13
512
1
1

11
"IT

1
-

4
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

17
■ 12
5

8
6
2

18
17
1

“

14
13
1

38.0
39. b
37.5

79.00
87.56
74.50

_
_
-

_
_
“

_
-

4
4

42
42

83
' '' ' 5
78

82
26
56

73
12
61

95
5?
38

51
14
37

43
i4
29

37.5
n : 5
38.0
38.0

64.50
6 1 .5 1 '
66.50
70.00

_
_
-

_
-

6
6
"

28
26
8
4

51
43
8
8

51
29
22
2

77
47
30
14

10
7
3
-

16
12
4
3

17
12
5
2

4
4
3

4
1
-

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
’■

-

-

4
4

84
4

6
b
“

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
*

_
•

“

_
“

18
14.
4

8

16

_
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

3
1

23
lb
7
-

14
8
6
1

'

'

Wom en
268
B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h i n e ) ___________________
— rrr~
Manufacturing
_
__
_
Nonmanufacturing __ __
__ __ __ __
95
Public u t ilit ie s * ____
__ _ _ __
40
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) __
Manufacturing
_____ ________ _ ----Nonmanufacturing ____ __
__ _
____

38.5
169
----- ~T Z ~ —3870
95
38.5

59.00
6 l!5 6 |
57.00

_
-

B ookkeeping-m achine O perators, c la s s A
Manufacturing
___
_
... _
Nonmanufacturing

228
38.0
— n r ~ “ iff. 5
92
36.5

74.50
7 9 .5 0 '
67.50

-

1,029
— 2W ~
733
77
603

60.0 0

_ _
- - -

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B
Manufacturing __ ____ __ __
____
__
Nonmanufacturing
________ __ __
____
_ __
W holesale trade __ __ ____
Finan cet
__ - _
—C le rk s , accounting, c la s s A
— _
_ _
Manufacturing _
____ ________ _ _ ____
Nonmanufacturing
_____ ____
_ --------Public utilities* ------- — -----__
Finance"f ______ __ _____________
__ __ __

__
_
_

37.0
38.0
36.5
38.5
36.0

566
38.0
— Z 7 T " ...i r . o
272
37.0
27
37.5
121
36.0

6 8 .0 6

56.50
61.00
55.50
81.50
" 8 7 .ITT'
81.00
87.00
73.00

_
-

_
_
-

51
51
51

_
_

_
-

34
38 ------- r
13
28
9
29
------- 8T
------I T - — n r ------IT " — n r
18
16
24
1
19
9
_
_
141
15
126
8
118

See footnotes at end of table,




186
31
155
34
116

_
5
7
- ------- j - ------- 5'

13
------ FT" —
l

16
nr

15
43
31”
12
4
1

21
21
_
-

9
v
1

83
-- 25“ -- 2 “ ----- 33“ — z s n
9
55
10
37
58
4
1
1
23
25
49
9

47

45
79
v r ------ j j - —

24
3

30
3
3

7
21
20
55
22
- --------J - ------TT- — r z r ------ST- —
7
20
io
10
21
167
16
151
138

'

i

152
52
100
8
90
35

143
62
81
10
63
66

87
36
51
13
25
91

32

rr

-- 2 “ —
3
11

4

_
-

12
i2
-

11
8
'

15
.

-

10

2
2

5
1

-

42
rr —
25
6
'

23
2 ir

-

-

2
2
'

4
4
-

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Newark-Jersey City, N. J. , December 1958)
Avkkaoe

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N BER O W
UM
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARNIN O —
GS F
$
4 0 .0 0

45.00

$
50.00

$
55.00

4 5 .0 0

50.00

55.00

6 0 .0 0

65.00

_
_
-

32

57
ll
46

231
95
136
25

193
97
96
7
30
14
42

_
-

_
-

-

1
1

21

96

393

W
eekly,
W
eekly 15.00
hours 1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00

$
*60.00 65.00
70.00

$
70.00

$
75.00

$
80.00

$
85.0 0

$
90.00

75.00

8 0.00

8 5.00

9 0.00

95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 120 on

S
$
$
$
*
9
95.0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 120,00

and
over

Women— Continued
Clerks, accounting, class R . --- . - ............._
... ...
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_
.....
...
....
Public utilities*
Wholesale trade
_____ _ _ _ _ _
Retail trade4
_
_
_
___
Finance!
_ ____

$
64.00

'474
627
75
74
170
249

37.5
38.0
37.0
36.5
37.0
38.0
36.5

Clerks, file, class A ____ __ _ _____ __ __
Manufacturing _ ____
_____
Nonmanufacturing
------ __
Finance! _ ....... .................

306
' 107
199
96

38.0
39.0
38.0
37.0

62.50

Clerks, file, class B
Manufacturing
_ __ _______ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
_
_
_
Wholesale trade
__ ____
Financef
__
— — - - — _____

1,097
216
881
68
662

37.5
39.0
37.5
39.0
37.0

52.50
61.50
50.00
49.50
48.50

336
149"'
187
134

38.5
38.0
38.5
38.5

65.50
69.50
63.00
67.00

-

10

-

-

Clerks, p a y ro ll____________________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
__ _ __
_
__ _

769
579
190

38.0

75.00
76.00
72.00

_

_

3

37.5

-

-

3

Comptometer operators
Manufacturing
_ _ _ ..............
_
Nonmanufacturing
. _ .
Wholesale t r a d e ______________________________
Retail trade4

755
392
363
98

71.00
73.00
69.00
75.50

_
_

2

9

__
__ _

Clerks, order
_
__ .
---Manufacturing ___
_ __ ________ __ __
Nonmanufacturing _____________ ____ __ __
Wholesale trade
_ _ _

__

Duplicating-machine operators
(mimeograph or ditto) ___________________________
Key-punch operators _
_ __ _
Manufacturing____ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
__ _ __
Wholesale trade _
__
Retail trade4
______
Financef
____ __

__
__ __ _
_ _ _ _
_ _
__ _
_ _ _ _ _
__ _ ____ _
- __ -

Office girls
__ _ _ _ _ _
. _
—
Manufacturing __
_ __ _
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
Finance! _ __
__ _ _ _
_
__ __ __
Secretaries
_______
Manufacturing _ _ ________ _ __ _ _ __ _
Nonmanufacturing
_ _ _
_ —
Public utilities*______________________________
Wholesale trade __ _ __ ___ ___
Retail trade4 ____ _____
_
_
_
_______
__ __
Finance! _____ ____ ___
See footnotes at end of table,




1 ,1 0 1

38.5
38.0

38.5

6 6 .0 0

62.00
67.50
68.50
6 2 .0 0

59.00
67.50
7 o .0 o
6 6 .0 0

21

_

96
17

13

68
10

'6 6 .0 0

-

56

38.0

65.50

1,092
414
678
77
70
364

37.5
...39: o "
36.5
38.0
38.0
36.5

65.50

328

38.0
------ 5T” ■ ■ 3 8 3 ”
37.5
274
165
37.5
3, 521
2 ,0 4 4
1,477
184
138
85
702

38.0
38.5
37.5
37.5
38.0
38.5
36.5

96
49
10 -------IT- ------ T V —
78
28
9
51
13
1

300
114
58
------ 37" ------ 55“ ------ 39"
263
372
56
19
23
17
8
1
314
224
6
29
21

17

-

17
-

_

-

9

-

70
2b
44
32

22

7
5

52
2l
31
30

37
15
22

103
79
24

95
67
28

27
14
13

74
24
50

107
46
61
29
25
4

1

5

7

_

l5

.

55.00

87.00

-

_

40
70

19

2

-

84.00
88.50
81.50
75.50
81.00

2

1

28
45

12

60.50

85.50

-

10
20

8
2

9

_
_

55. ’50"

_

_

114
24
90

2

68.00
61.00

55.00
53.00

15
10

-

37.5
38.0
37.5

72.00

_

-

212

61.50

_

32

-

37

8

53
176
161
- ------- T~ — r r ------ T T
46
144
145
_
_
4
24

_
-

_

11

16

27

63

96

1
1

6

116

74

39

6

-

22
94

38

-

-

86

67
35

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
-

1
1
_
1

“

“

“

------- j -

34

20
14

_
_

4

10

165
106
62
78
84 -------TT ------- T T — 37
81
35
35
41
4
7
7
9
_
24
3
9
15
6
12
14
36
10
5
7

1
2
2

7
------ 1
4

3
------ 2 ”

1

2

_
_

-

-

_
_
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

_
_
_
-

“ "_ 1
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

-

6
6

1

38

7
7

_
_
_

_
_

10 —

41
zr

28

16

_

6

_

2

17
69
25 -------15" —
44
2
36
102
83 ~
19

22

13
9
1

1
1

_
_

_
_
-

-

-

31
ZO

9

8
1

_
_

_

1

_
_

_
_

_
-

1
1

_
-

-

38
3i
7

9
4
5

13
12
1

27
15
35
— T T " — n r * — 25“
16
5
7
10
4
7
5
1
-

_
_
_
_

5
4

11

1
8

-

11

8

7
7

67
59
8

37
36
1

28
19
9

_

188
93
95
12
69

54
35
19
7
9

54
40
31---- ---- 15
23
25

7

5

8
89
W

4
4

16
8

90
7

_

_

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
.
_

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_

_
-

-

1

-

537
454
2 9 "TIB— ~2F3—
7”
214
199
191
18
18
12
16
12
34
13
11
11
86
123
no

"

-

450

"248

329
"229—

202

100

39

22
5
5
49

10
1

57

_

_

-

-

6

_

_

2

-

_
_
_

_

_

2

-

_
-

_

2

_
-

_
_
_

-

_

9
------7—

3
------- 5—

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

1

6

79

124

_
18
— n

1
1
-

_

37

1

12
52

3
29
23

6

-

11

2

40
.... 41 ’ “ 32" ’

5

493

16
21
11

4
52

7

-

T75~

10
11

8

360
185

10
8

11
2
_
-

49
3

11
128 —

_
_

-

123
85
38
9
24

-

_

-

_

4
4

78
e (3
>
18

19

1
1

_
-

-

89
72
17

2
1
1

6

------5 “

l

_
-

23
re-

59
35
24

19

-

_
_
_

_

-

6

_
_
_

_

1
1
1

2

7
3
4
3

------ 5“

2

1

-

218

4
33

10

------ 5
5

12

89

4
6
13

8
1
1
6

5
_
5
-

145
224
105
31 — ITS" ------ F T —
114
42
109
4
14
10
22
16
5
70
56
15

10

1Z

32
20
43
15
n r -------- T ------- I T ------ff“ “
22
11
28
7
20
1
5
1

41
17
24

26

6

20

4

63
9
54
7

1

21

------ 5 “
15
5
_

-

-

192

125

-

1'26
66
12
10
4
18

'

99
26
2

1
_
9

"
63
41
22
7
2
2
4

37
2 9 "..
~

8
2

_
5

_
_
_
-

"
98
"4 2 "
56
12
4

_

9

5

Table A-l. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly h ours and earnings for s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry divisio n , N ew ark -Jersey, N. J. , D ecem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avkbaos
Num
ber
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W
eekly;
W
eeklyt
hour*
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

$ „
35.00 40.00
and
■
under
40.00 45.00

$
45.00

$
50.00

$
55.00
~
60.00

“
50.00

~
55.00

36
36
34

97
15
82
15
64

299
44
255

4
4

$
60.00

$
65.00
70.00

$
70. 00
75.00

$
75.00
80. 00

441
178
263
39
48

356
171
185
30

301
152
149

24
151

432
234
198
47
29
91

20

121

62

23
44

5
5

25
18
7

16
6

22

23

16

7

6

50

49
19
30
3

57
17
40
5

6

8

105
44
61
19
4
31

46
26
3

127
90
37

47
16
31

22

6

32

“

6
16

39

83
41
42

36
9
27

92
30
62
39 *

84
41
43
37

49
32
17
14

308
242

65.00

$
$
80. 00 85.00
85.00 90. 00

$
90.0 0
95. 00

$

$
$
$
$
$
95.00 100 .00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120 .00
and
1 00 .00 105.00 110 .00 115.00 120 .00
over

W om en— Continued
Stenographers, general -----------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------P ublic utilities * -------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------Finance f --------------------------------------------------------------

2,459
1 , 102
1,357
241
192
612

38.0
59 .0
37 .0
36 .0
38 .0
37 .0

$
70. 00
73.50
67.00
6 6 . 50
72.50
62.50

"

Stenographers, t e c h n i c a l ----------------------------------------------M a n u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing------------------------------------------------------

135

3 8.5
3 9.5
3 8.0

73.00
72.00
73.50

-

-

_
-

Switchboard o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------Public utilities * -------------- ----------------------------- '------Retail tra d e 4 --------------------------------------------------------Finance t ----------------------------------------------------------------

530
176
354
59
54
146

38. 5
58. 6 '
38.5
39 .0
39.5
36.5

6 8 .0 0

-

18

74. 00
64. 50
75.00
57.00
61.00

17
3

34
3
31
-

Switchboard o p e ra to r-re ce p tio n ists ----------------------------M an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing —------------------------ -------------------------Pu blic utilities * -------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------

770
483
287
39

38. 0
5 8.0
38.0
39.5
3 7.5

67. 00
69.00

Tabula ting-m achine o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------M a n u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

409
249

3 7.0
38.5
3 6.0

71.00
76. 00
67.50

-

T ran scribin g-m ach in e op e ra to rs, general -----------------M a n u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Finance f -----------------------------------------------------------------

497
177
320
225

3 8.0
38. 5
37.5
3 7.0

63. 50
6 8 . 00
61.00
60. 00

-

T ypists, cla ss A -----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Finance f ---------------------------------------------------------------

1,087
657
430
271

38. 5
39.0
37.5
3 7.0

6 6 . 50
6 8 . 00

i 4. 50
62.00

_
-

Typists, cla ss B -------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------^
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Public utilities * -------------------------------------------------W holesale trade -------------------------------------------------Retail trade 4 --------------------------------------------------------Finance $ ---------------------------------------------------------------

2, 576
856
1, 720
219
146
71
1, 130

37.5
3 9 .0
3 7.0
36. 5
38. 5
39. 0
37.0

57. 50
61.50
56.00
62.50
62.00
54.00
53.00

1
2
3
4
*
t

66

69

110

160

”

6 6 .0 0
6 6 . 00
6 6 .0 0

-

13
13
13

6

6

6

1

6

-

11
11

34
28
6

54

66

8

1

46
-

49

10

1
10

17

38

18

18

62
4o

96
63
33
5
9

143
76
67
34

190

22

121

69

8

183
107
76
16
10

115
79
36
9

114
65
49

39
25
14

22

8

10

2
8

1
1

35

4

15
-

. 20

2

10

18
7

6

-

13

11

14

2

83

33

14

22
10
12

r r ------T T
11

11

3

-

16

6

“

12

6

-

17

65

11
6

10

21
2

21

5

7

19

53

7
5
2

14
' lU
4
"

4

103
74
29

39
24
15

34
25
9

2'6

-

46

182
75
107
74

242

-

13
9
4
“

154
123

66

81
54
27

52

11

1

1

1

318
35
283

602

614
219
395
59
36

344
140
204
45
31
20
89

311
l52
159
53

131
62
79
33

73
47

23
IS
5

16

11

17
l2
5
4

93

249

15

86

20

33
19

26

_
9
"

1

2
_
1

1

“

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 18 at $120 to $130; 8 at $130 and o ve r.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: .4 at $120 to $130; 8 at $130 to $140.
Excludes lim ite d -p ric e variety s to re s.
Transportation (excluding ra ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities,
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.




_
-

1

-

107
35
72
49

3
43

1

-

5
6
6 -------- 5-

56
56
44

12

-

4
2
2

-

15
15
9

8

_
-

6

i
5
-

.
_

14
14
14

446
27
17
14
3 74

_
-

-

6

1

_
"

8
8

9
79

16
13
253

_
“

-

9
1 --------5“

45

-

_
-

1

88

101

_
-

"
.
-

17

10
2
8

166

_
_
-

3

-

114
13

_
_
_
_
_
-

26

1

-

88

4
4
-

6
2

_
_
-

_

1

-

17
14
8

12
12

-

4

-

1

lS
4

-

1

-

-

“

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

4
4
-

4

-

-

1
1

“

_
-

-

-

1
1

_
-

“

-

35
30
5
-

4
4
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

8

"

-

_

~

2
2

8
8

"

4
4
4
"

1
1

1
1

-

1

l

2
2

*
-

6

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Newark-Jersey City, N, J . , December 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Avuuos
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

9
•
I
S
S
$
I
1
9
s
S
s
s
•
1
»
I
1
K
I
1
W
eeklyj Weddy i 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 14.5.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00
hour*
earning*
and
(Standard') (Standard) under
and
65.00 70.00 75. 00 80.00 85.00 9 0.00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 L50.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 over

Men
D raftsm en, l e a d e r ---------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------

135
132

3 9 .0
39 .0

a
«
P
132.50
1 3 2 .oO

“

“

“

-

•

“

“

-

"

1
1

“

7
7

8
8

80
80

6
6

4
"4

6
6

3
3

2
1

.
-

4
*14
2 — r r

D raftsm en, s e n i o r ---------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing--------------- ---------------

925
723
202

39 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

114.50
l l 3 . 50
118.50

"

-

-

2
2
-

29
14
15

10
10
-

47
33
14

139
132
7

94
72
22

76
66
10

102
72
30

123
ll6
7

70
64
6

53
30
23

34
21
13

25
15
10

43
30
13

41
18
23

19
10
9

2
2
-

6
6
-

10
10
-

D raftsm en, j u n i o r ---------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------Nonmdnuf a d u r i n g -------------------------------

63 7
471
166

3 9.0
3 9.5
39 .0

86.00
86. 56
84.50

3
3

31
11
20

70
27
43

160
150
10

131
95
36

57
48
9

61
50
11

23
23
-

31
24
7

24
18
6

7
7
-

15

22
6
16

2
2
-

-

-

5

-

-

_
-

-

.
-

_
-

256
212

3 9 .0
39. 0

88. 50
88. 50

13
13

16
11

14
10

24
20

34
30

29
18

42
40

24
2T“

26
21

18
12

5
4

8
7

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

16

Women
-

-

-

‘

N u rses, industrial ( r e g is t e r e d ) ------------M an u factu rin g-------------------------------------

“

‘

'

r Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
a Workers were distributed as follows: 9 at $165 to $175; 5 at $175 to $185.

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(.Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Newark-Jersey City, N. J . , December 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKER8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Avenge
$
t
hourly 1 Under 1.90 2 .0 0
earnings
$
and
1.90 under
2 .0 0 2 .1 0
$
8
2. 72
12
17
3
2. 6l
12
17
3 .0 8
5
2 .82
-

C a rp en ters, m a in te n a n ce --------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------Pu blic utilities * --------------------------------------

540
417
123
51

E lectricia n s, m a in t e n a n c e -----------------------------M an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------

1,112
127

2 .8 7
2 .83
3.21

2
2
-

12
12
-

E n gin eers, s t a t io n a r y -------------------------------------M an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Pu blic utilities * --------------------------------------

668
598
160
67

2 .92
2 .9 8
2. 75
2. 72

10
10
2

F irem en , stationary b o ile r ----------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------P ublic utilities * -------------------------------------

593
47 z
121
27

2.41
2.4 2
2 .3 7
2.3 9

113
3-75
438

S^e footnotes at end of table.




955

$
2. 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

9

2 .4 0

S
2 .5 0

9

2 .6 0

t
2. 70

*
2 .8 0

2 .9 0

t
3 .00

$
3 .1 0

t
3 .2 0

9

3 .3 0

t
3 .4 0

9

3. 50

$
3 .6 0

f
3. 70

S
3 .8 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2. 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3. 00

3 .10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3. 60

3. 70

3. 80

3 .4 0

15
14
1
“

39
34
5
5

25
24
1
1

56
55
1
1

41
38
3
1

57
47
10
-

3
3
-

14

49
46
3

43

81
75
6

131

161

74

127

151

1

66
56
10

82

42

*

8

4

10

5
5
5

16
16
-

20
8
12
1

3
1
2
2

75
6l
14
9

30
Z8
2
2

41
37
4
4

20
19
1
-

39
33
6
2

6
6
“

92
84
8
”

62

36
29
7
7

32
24
8
4

15
IT
-

40
40
“

31
26
5
5

14

42
42

42

“

20
11

36
35
1
1

55

9

78
48
38
38

4
4

41
4T
.
“

4
4
.
-

18
18
-

4
1
3
*-

4
4
-

.
-

170
lb9
1

113

57

81

57

-

9
9
-

5
2
3

8
1
7

11
11

4
4
-

17
n

32

34
24
10
-

60
56
4
-

119
79
40
40

44
44
-

4
4
-

39
29
10
-

2
1
1
-

_
-

30
16
14
-

. 65

“

28

10
8
2
~

-

16
16
-

25
25
“

45
4T~
2
“

.

“

_
_

51

4
-

28

”

5
1

'

12
10

2
”

"

4
4 “

12
.
12
-

$
3.^90
and
nm r
9
_
9

1

73

1
-

*31

bZ

3
-

■

42'
.
.
...
.
“

7

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in selected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
b y industry d ivision , N e w ark -Jersey City, N. J . , D ecem ber 1958)

Number
Occupation and industry division

j t

e n l g Under
eine
$
1.90

702
575T
198
127

$
2.13
2.66
2.32
2.17

464
464

2.79
2.79

Machinists, maintenance -----------------------------------1,577
Manufacturing-------------------------------------------------- " T T 5 T F
Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------------59

2.82
2.8l
3. 18

—
Helpers, trades, maintenance .......... ■
Manufacturing----------------------Public utilities ♦ ---------------------------------------Machine-tool operators, toolroom-------------------Manufacturing--------------------------------------- :
----------

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance)-------------Manufacturing------------------ -—....— ---------

986
TET

699

103
* 162

s
1.90

S
2.00

and
u n d er

2.00

107
99

2.20 2.30

2. AO

2. 50

2.80

2. 70

2.60

2.90

3.00 3.10

3.2Q

3.3Q

l

4

6

1

1
1

5
5

20
20

20
20

20
20

51
51

n
11

20
20

6
6

25
25

148
148

121
121

4
4

2
2

91
91

128
128

53
51

111
110

40
37

127
127

241
240

219
216

9

*

297
2 71
26

77
75

3

_

8
8

2

44

-

-

■

2
~

44
“

2 .4 8

38

4
-

2
2

13

2.73
2.38

35

62
39
23
22

37
35

29
21
g

-

43
30
13
2

31

S
3.50

S
3.60

S
3. 70

S
3 80
,

$
3.90

3.50. 1. 60

3.9Q. o v e r

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

6
6

1
1

_

_

■

-

_
■

44
42

-

31

1

1

3

201

135

77

46

61

71
21
50

42
17
25

4
4

_
-

16

50
37
13

9

89

81
42
39

16

4

197

91
5

63
46
17
10
Xv

21
21
-

204
264
-

50
50
-

157
149
8

100
97
3

266
242
24

405
350
55

58
58
-

6
6
_

12
12
.

16
16

16
16

21
21

19
19

36
29
5 T ..I T

123
~ T T T

9
9

_
“

“

44
44
-

36
16

74

-

8

66
8

_

_
-

-

2

1
-

-

2

31
31

_
-

_
-

157
157
-

-

9

25
25

_
“

16

-

-

2

16

_
-

i
■

_
-

_
-

-

-

“

2

-

1

”

43
43

„
“

8

-

2

9

2

221
10
211

-

3 . I 3.80
. .Q

-

-

-

2

"

14
14
3

6
— 6—

3

$
3.40

and

2. 10

157
66
91
89

1

115
108

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
9
S
$
S
9
S
$
S
9
2.50 2.60 2. 70 2.80 2.90 3.00
3. 10 3.20 3.30

$
f
S
$
2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40

2 66

Mechanics, maintenance ---------------Manufacturing--- —--------Nonmanufacturing ------ -— .... ... ...
..
Public utilities *

1,675
1,545
130
85

2. 76
2. 76
2. 76
2. 78

Millwrights----------------------------

359
"346

2.79
2. 77

Oilers------------------------------Manufacturing — — > ■ ----- — -- — — — ■
■

317
301

2.32
2.30

19
14

64
64

20
20

44
42

34

73

34

73

20
20

Painters, maintenance -----------------Manufacturing----------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------- Public utilities *

374
269
105
43

2.59
2.55

14
4
10

13
5

2
2

30

64

52

28

60

•

32
23
9

22
20

29

8

14
13
1

4

23

.....
Pipefitters, maintenance .. ... ..
Manufacturing---------------------Nonmanufacturing ---> ------ --- — -----

754
693
61

2.87
2.83
3.37

"

Plumbers, maintenance----------------Manufacturing---- -------- ---------

59
54

2.95
2.95

146
2. 77
136 ..2. 75

Sheet-metal workers, maintenance -------Manufacturing -------- -- — ... .... Tool and die m a k e r s -------------------Manufacturing---------------------------------------------

1,673
1,488
185

2 .6 8
2 . >68

3

40
40

9

-

12

18
18
-

96
5

2
2

2

2

“

“

_
“

“

_
”

_
“

_
"

_
"

_

_
“

4

7

17

6

4

7

17

6

r

—

_
“

4

5
5
"

1
1

42
— &

H

"

“

13
13
■

65
63
2

■

-

11

6
6

12

8

it

7

_
“

8

10

16

17

55

94

— 5?r

94

15 -

69
65
4

8

13

20
16

_

18
18
-

“

“

7
7’
_

_
-

_
-

25

62

102

287

159

264

6

25

62

102

"278

153
£

T57




overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
$ 4 .1 0 .
as fo llo w s: 8 at under $ 1 .7 0 ; 55 at $ 1 .7 0 to $ 1 .8 0 ; 12 at $ 1 .8 0 to $ 1 .9 0 .
as fo llo w s: 7 at under $ 1 .4 0 ; 12 at $ 1 .6 0 to $1. 70; 1 at $1. 70 to $1.80;. 18 at $
as fo llo w s: 20 at under $ 1 .5 0 ; 4 at $ 1 .5 0 to $ 1 .6 0 ; 8 at $ 1 .6 0 to $ 1 .7 0 ; 39 at $
r a ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.

80 to $ 1 .9 0 .
70 to $ 1 .8 0 ; 31 at $ 1 .8 0 to $ 1 .9 0 .

-

j

2

_
“

_
“

_
■

_
"

_
“

232

141

23

2

232

141

23

Z

113 175
53 “ 7 2
60
103

6

_
-

”

6
6

18

-

!
“

3
1

18

“

1
1

27
27

22

6
4
2

~

39
39

22

_
-

2

_
-

16

_
-

6

_
“

16

_
-

6

1
1

-

-

_
■

8

_
“

_

-

_

8

"

2.84
2.99

8
8

_

-

65
65
“

2 .8 6

9

2

26
9
17

*

Excludes prem ium pay fo r
A ll w ork ers w e re at $4 to
W orkers w e re distributed
W orkers w ere distributed
W orkers w ere distributed
Transportation (excluding

_

_
“

3

114
111

9

5

2

168
166

1
1

_

1

-

1

14
14 '

i49

1

34

15
*15

15

*

_
"

2

3

7

_

Z

3

7

-

8

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , N ew ark -Jersey C ity, N. J. , D ecem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

Avenge
hourly a Under
earnings*
$
1.00

$
1. 00

$
1. 10

$
1.20

$
1.30

$
1.40

$
1. 50

$
1.60

under
1. 10

“
1.20

“
1.30

“
1.40

“
1.50

"
1.60

”
JU7Q,

$
1.70

19
18

4
4

1

1.33
l .T l
1. 16

13
13
3

16
16
16

15
15
15

12
12
11

5
5
4

10

_
-

_
-

.3
3
3

_
-

15
15
15

23
4
19
12

21
11
10
9

91
34
57
32

85
59
26
22

94
80
14
12

161
121
40
-

116
48
68
"

80
14
6 fa
39
-

113
45
68
1
20
8

110
59
51
5
14
11

113
32
81
_
10
30
5

220
98
122
7
15
49

301
134
167
9
25
23
87

451
243
208
18
_
43
121

400
264
136
11
6
11
96

406

661

286

ToE

120
56
8
38

253
174
8
7
3

367
299
68
49
4
14
1

562
559"
73
43
29

Jan itor8, p orters , and c le a n e rs (m e n )________
M anufacturing ...
.
_
Nonmanufacturing
_
_
_
Pu blic utilities *
___ __ _ _ _ _ _
W holesale trade
Retail tra d e 4 __ __
Finance t __________________________________

4, 087
2, 617
1,470
375
92
219
420

1.81
1.91
1.62
1.93
1.83
1.42
1.61

53
53
3
-

_

5
------ 5“
l

16

1

10

-

24
24

83
83

60

1
-

18
-

5
3

_
-

_
-

2
-

20
20
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1, 056
240
816
504

1.43
1.70
1. 35
1.37

28
28
-

53
53

45
29
16

88
396
21 ------ T ~
67
392
20
375

113
2
111
74

104
16
88
14

49
2
47
21

L a b o r e rs , m aterial h a n d lin g____ ,_____________
Manufacturing
. . .. _..
N on m an u factu rin g__________________________
P u blic utilities * _
_ _ _ _ _
W holesale trade
__ __
__ __
R etail tra d e 4
_________ __ __ __ __ __

7,355
4, 739
2,616
1,208
7 12
574

2 .21
2.27
2. 11
2 .3 0
2. 10
1.78

91
91
-

691

62
62
62

54
26
28
28

34
5
29
9
11

159
ll6
49
18
4

228
133
95
62
24

162
142
20
13
4

1,757

2. 13

_
-

60
20
40
40
-

143
126
17
11

1, 052
459
523

2. 18
2 .0 1
2. 34

_
-

P a ck e rs , shipping ( m e n ) _______ ______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_ ____ _
W holesale trade
_________
___ _

1, 345
T, T91
154
121

1.92
1.9*
1.93
1.98

_
"

3
3

P a ck e rs , shipping (wom en) ___________________
M anufacturing ____________ _____ __ __ __

280
214

1.53
1.62

_

_

-

-

R eceivin g c le r k s _ __
_ ---M anufacturing _ __ ----------- __ _ — -------- —
Nonmanufacturing
-------- _
_
__
_
W holesale trade
—
_
_
R etail tra d e 4
___

568

2. 10
2. 09
2. 12
2.01
1.89

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

--------

--------

See footnotes at end o f table.




—

n s r ---- 2755“

sw iii

52
86

2.27
349
------274~ — I.'TH""
75
2.6 1

10
nr
-

28
24
16
9
14 — n r ------ 8 ” ----- I T
~
18
1
8
2
9
8
1
1
5

23
21
2
"

77
74
3

ii

28
6
7
7

7

—

24

■

1
-

53
53
“

46
12

5
-

27
23

18
12
19
1 — n r — rs~
4
1
11
4
11
1

146
144
2
"
87
57"

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

2 .4 0

*
2. 50

~
2 .6 0

“
2. 70

2 .8 0

_

228
195
33
32

61

57
67
49 ------E T
8
327
317
10
4
-

391
321
70
62
8

113
121
1 — W
112
22
17
109
4
65
56
9
4

29
29
“

_

3
1
2
2

-

1
1

7
7

-

82
89
13
8
5

60
29
31
24

40
32
8

9

7

—

r

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
_
-

_
-

17
17
- .
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

_
■

_

_
"

_
-

_

_
-

_
"

_
“

304
IFcT
144
100
5
39

75
62
13
9
-

43
36
7
7
-

83
59
24
24
-

64
64
55
9
-

_
-

950
5 941
9
9
"

344
153
79 ------- T~
341
74
3
12
338
62

58
53
5
5

1
1
1
"

59
14
45
45

14
FT
"

1
1
■

_
"

100
97
3
■

154
94
60
56

90
82
8
5

-

_

—

48
47
1

_
-

_

256
44
212
134
69

25
49
23 ---- T T
8
2

.

-

156
105
51
3
6

"

_
-

109

227
107
2 W ------- 5”
18
102
4
77
6
23

7

_

18
16
_
-

1578
722”
85b
646
182
28

4
3

_
-

13
12
1
1

605
362
243
17
174
52

47
42
5
4

and
over

_
-

_
-

512
390
122
76
20

69
59
10
2
8

13
13
-

501
472
29
12

29
22

$
3. 00

_

13
97
94 -------IT
3
_
2
_
1

1

$
2 .9 0
3. 00

-

8
6
-

11
11
-

4
18
22
39
- — 38“ — n r ------ 22 ------ ?~

-

-

_ -

2. 80
2 .9 0

126
111
15

10
10
-

_

-

$

62
59
3
-

107
99
8
8

35
29
6
-

75
46
29
24

_
-

_

-

13
-

Jan itors, p orters, and cle a n e rs (wom en) ____
Ma n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _
Finance t _______________________ !_________

__

2 .2 0

11
9

2. 09
2. 15
1.94
1.75

----

S
2 .2 0
“
2 .3 0

-

942
664
278
113

— __

*
2. 10

54
'354

_
-

__ __

$
2. 00
“
2. 10

$
1.56
1.49

G u a r d s _______________ ____ ______________________
M anufacturing
N on m an u factu rin g________________________ __
Finance t ________________________________

_

1.90

"
2. 00

94
$2
59

E levator op era tors, passen ger (w o m e n )______
Nonmanufacturing
... . .......................
Retail tra d e 4

Shipping cle rk s _
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

$
1.90

299
260

Elevator o p era tors , passen ger (m en) ________
N onm an u factu rin g__________________________

O rder fille r s
__
_
___ _
M anufacturing
_ __ _ __
N onm an u factu rin g__________________________
W holesale trade __ ________
__ _
R etail tra d e 4 ____________________________

1.80

$
1.80

4
r 60
31
29
4
25

989
355
634
390
49
180

-

■

56
55
1
"

158
158
-

34
34
"

6
6
■

2
2
“

2
2
-

3
3
“

17

_

_
-

_
“

_
“

_
"

_

_
~

_

37
31
6
5

20
19
1
1

16
15
1
1

6
5
1
1

40
12
28
4

1

9
2

"

"

”

-

“

30
3"0

20
19

-

9
9"

24

16

13

"
33
25
8
7

23
35
19 ----- TT
4
2

1

-

“

-

24

T
-

11

~

-

7

-

-

16

9

9
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division , N ew ark -Jersey City, N. J . , D ecem ber 1958)

Number
of
w
orkers

Average
$
hourly - Under 1. 00 f . 10
earnings
and
$
under “
1. 00
1. 10 1.20
$
_
_
_
2. 18
2.22
2. 12
2. 15
-

"
1.90

■
2. 00

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

16
10
- ------5“ — n r
11
_
7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

.
-

_
"

_
-

51
24
27
12

59
23
36
6
14
“

75
44
10

606

2 .0 8
2.23

-

2 .7 3
3.16
2 .3 6
2.4 6

T ru ck d rivers, m edium (I V 2 to and
including 4 tons)
M anufacturing
__
_
Nonmanufacturing _______________________
Pu blic u tilitie s * ______________________
W holesale trade
Retail tr a d e 4

2,605
1,246
1, 359
735
460
59

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r t y p e ) ____ ____ __________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic utilities *
W holesale trade ____ ________ __

1,955
414
1,541
955
272

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r t y p e ) __ ________ _____
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________
W holesale t r a d e _____ ____

525
119
406
345

2 .49
2.45
2 .5 1
2 .5 2

“

-

T ru ck ers, pow er (fork lift)
___________________
M anufacturing ____________________ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Pu blic utilities * ______________________ _
Retail trade 4

1,791
1,361
430
261
113

2 .2 8
2 .26
2. 36
2.35
2 .39

_
-

.
-

T ru ck ers, pow er (other than fo rk lift) „ __ __
M anufacturing _ ____
__ __ __ _ ______

138
136

2. 02
2 .0 2

_
-

-

9

1.30

_
1.80

-

T ru ck d rivers, light (under IV 2 t o n s ) ______
Manufacturing

1
0
1
1
*
■
f

f
1.90

~
1.70

_
-

-

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

f . 80

~
1.60

.
-

-

2 .75

Watchmen _________________ ______________
958
1.68
M anufacturing ,__________ ____ __
__ _ ------ 5 T T — T7TS~
Nonmanufacturing
_________________________
327
1.59
Public utilities * ____ __ ______ _______
83
1.75
W holesale trade
__
56
1.66
1.54
83
Finance t ____ ___
— ___
— — __

$
1.70

~
1.50

_
-

2.67
2.97
2.47
2.57
2.47

2 .6 8

1.60

“
1.40

-

6,441
2,528
3,913
1, 742
1, 126

2 .77
370CT
2 .7 0

$
1. 50

_
-

T ru ck d rivers 7 _________________________________
M anufacturing ___ ____ __ ____ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilitie s*
___ ___
__ _____
W holesale trade
___

2 .31

1
1.40

_
-

342
200
142
72

2 .2 6

*
1. 30

_
-

Shipping and receivin g cle rk s ______ __ __ __
M anufacturing _ _________________ ________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
W holesale trade

93

1
1.20

_
-

63
----- ST12
6
-




14
14
7

11
5
6
-

24
9
15
8

59
47
12
-

77
5
72

90
28

466
20
446

31
5

30
10

26
2

20
1

1

62
1

-

9

57

36

92
68
24
18

5
-

11

5
-

23
5

26
24

-

10

10

-

-

-

52
52
48
9
9
9
11
5
6
“

14
10
4
-

23
13
10
10
-

55
49
6
2
4

_
-

12
12

_

18

118

i

23
2
21

2 .1 0

5
5
-

9
9

TT~ — n~
5

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 0. 80 to $ 0. 90.
Excludes lim ite d -p ric e variety sto r e s.
A ll except 4 w ork ers w ere at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 3Q.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 54 at $ 0. 80 to $ 0. 90; 37 at $ 0. 90 to $ 1.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a rd le s s o f size and type of truck operated.
A ll w ork ers except 24 at $ 3 to $ 3 .2 0 , w ere paid under bonus plans.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $3 to $ 3 . 10.
A ll w ork ers w ere paid under bonus plans.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 30.
T ransportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

9
9
9

0
0

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNING8 OF—
O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

9

-

11
- — rr~
90
-----ST- “
36
24
12

127
3T ~
38
3
8
27

2. 10

S
2 .2 0
-

■
2 .2 0

2. 30

31
12
19
9

86
66
20
4

296

424
214

26

2 10

1
20

276
18
128

442

31

12

6

19
5

41
14
201
. 20
— n r ------ J T — r -------- 4
4
4
11
197
8
116
1
2
- -------- 2
~

5
5
3

23
5
18
18

5
5
247
234
13
13

45
5

40
36

37
137

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

58
31
25

13
7
6
3

672
101
571
528
41

425
139
286
40
245

it

4

6

2

5

603
207
------7F — 5T"
154
528
189
30
528
19
128
135
31
"
"

28
- — 2T

12

-

12

-

-

1 .4 0

~
2 .4 0

335

12

-

2 .3 0

2. 80
2 .9 0

i .9 0
3 .0 0

1 .0 0
and
over
_
-

_
-

14
ll
3
-

8
5
3
3

2
2
2

414 1604
ZTT 537
172 1067
97
963
34
75

545
233
312
5
5

22
11

25
25

7
7

"

2
2

136
'34

241
2 07

102

34

97
5
-

20

109
104
5
5
-

7
7
7
*

361

162
162
-

2

4
4
4

162

“ 165
165
“

8

-

104
73 1020
- -----5 4 " ------ 7 T
35
985
50
955
30
50
-

—

W

304
-

11

7
4

216 1037
""¥|~ * w r
146
13
28
199 ’ 118

212

-

-

13
600
- -»5 '5 7
13
48
13
28
*2 0
-

28
21
7
‘

61
24
37
37

65
5
60
60

79
9
70
70

67
19
48
4

3
3
3

6
6
-

10
10
10

113
15
’ 98
98

114
140
IZTT" T
<52”
20
12
19
1
10

377
171
206
140
16

166
152
14
14

242
lb s
137
83
54

23
22
1
1

33
33
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147
145
2
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-

11
11

46
46

83
22 —
61
61
-

20
55
51
82
12
49
r r ---- 2T ~ ----- 4 T — i i n ------ T — 5T “
27
5
5
1
5
2
3
2
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1
2
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112
167
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8
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1 .7 0
2 .8 0

5
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19 --------3" —

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10

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w age s u r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p r ia te occu p a tio n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d under
a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m e sta b lis h m e n t to esta b lis h m e n t
and fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n tia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the g rou p in g o f o ccu p a tio n a l w age
r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f this em p h a sis on in te r e sta b lish m e n t and
in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o ccu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ifi­
ca n tly fr o m th ose in u s e in in d iv id u al esta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In
a p p lyin g th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s a r e in stru cte d to e x clu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n tic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a in e e s , h an dicapped w o r k e r s , p a r t -t im e ,
te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

Of fic e
B IL L E R , M ACHIN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ----- Continued

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i lls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er
than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a l s o k eep r e c o r d s
as to b illin g s o r sh ipp ing c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a ch in e , a r e c la s s ifie d b y type o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :

C la s s A — K eep s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u irin g a k n ow led ge o f
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic book k eep in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia r ity w ith
the s tru c tu re o f the p a r t ic u la r a ccou n tin g sy ste m u s e d .
D e te r ­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is tr ib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it item s
to be u sed in e a ch p h a se o f the w o r k . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d
r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s b y hand.

B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e )— U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g
m a ch in e (M oon H op k in s, E llio tt F is h e r , B u r ro u g h s , e t c . , w h ich
a r e co m b in a tio n typin g and addin g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ipp in g m e m o ra n d a , e tc .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n
o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and sh ipping c h a r g e s and en try o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n ot be com p u ted on the
b illin g m a ch in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te d
b y m a ch in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m ber o f
c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a
fa n fo ld m a ch in e .

C la s s B -— K eeps a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly r e q u ir in g little kn ow led ge o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k eep in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n der b i lle r , m a ch in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , ex p en se d is tr ib u tio n , in ­
v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a tio n o f tr ia l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets f o r the a cco u n tin g d ep a rtm en t.

B i lle r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e )----- U ses a b ook k eep in g
m a ch in e (&undstrand, E llio tt F is n e r , R em in gton R and, e tc . , w h ich
m a y o r m a y n ot h ave ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b ills a s p a rt o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r
record .
The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a
n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and co m p u te s and u su a lly p r in ts a u to ­
m a tic a lly the deb it o r c r e d it b a la n ce s . D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow l­
ed g e o f b oo k k e e p in g . W ork s fr o m u n ifo rm and stan dard typ es o f
s a le s and c r e d it s l ip s .
B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (R em in gton R and, E llio tt
F is h e r , Su n dstrand, B u r ro u g h s, N a tion al C a sh R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ith ­
out a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a r d ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .




C L E R K , AC CO U N TIN G
C la s s A — U nder g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t­
ant, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r k eep in g ^one o r m o r e s e c tio n s o f a c o m ­
p le te se t o f book s o r r e c o r d s re la tin g to one ph ase o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t's b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o s tin g and ba la n cin g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
cou n ts p a y a b le ; ex am in in g and c o d in g in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a cco u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m en t and e x p e r ie n c e
in m akin g p r o p e r a s sig n a tio n s and a llo c a tio n s .
M ay a s s i s t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g , and c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a ccou n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B -----U nder s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e
a ccou n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch a s p o s tin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a cco u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , en te rin g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d
by g e n e r a l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s n ot r e q u ir e a k n ow led ge o f
a cco u n tin g and b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o ffic e s in
w h ich the m o r e rou tin e a cco u n tin g w o r k is su b d iv id ed on a fu n c ­
tio n a l b a s is am on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

11

CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A ----- R e s p o n s ib le fo r m ain taining an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r oth er m a te r ia l;
m a y a ls o file th is m a t e r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es
in co n ju n ctio n w ith f ile s o r s u p e r v is e o th e r s in filin g and lo c a tin g
m a te r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
C la s s B -----P e r f o r m s r ou tin e filin g , u su ally o f m a te r ia l that
has a lr e a d y b e e n c la s s if i e d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s i s t s in lo c a tin g m a ­
te r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s * o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by
m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g ; Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking ,out an o r d e r sh eet
lis tin g the ite m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities
o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet; d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d e ­
p a rtm en ts to be f ill e d .
M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t to d e t e r ­
m in e c r e d it ra tih g o f c u s to m e r , a ck n ow led g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they h ave b een fille d , keep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l
ord ers.
CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilit ie s , r e c o r d s a ccou n tin g and s ta t is t ic a l data on tabulating c a r d s
by punching a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d se q u e n ce ,
using an a lp h a b e tica l o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y -p u n ch m a ch in e, fo llo w in g
w ritten in fo rm a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s by using the
du p licatin g d e v ic e a tta ch ed to m a ch in e .
K eep s file s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r ify ow n w o rk o r w o rk o f o t h e r s .
O F F IC E BOY OR G IR L
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties su ch a s running e r ra n d s ,
o p e ra tin g m in o r o f f ic e m a ch in e s su ch a s s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening
and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
SECRETARY
P e r fo r m s s e c r e t a r ia l and c l e r i c a l d u ties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in istra tiv e o r e x e cu tiv e p o s itio n . D uties in clu d e m aking ap p oin t­
m en ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p eop le co m in g into o f f ic e ; a n sw erin g
and m aking phone c a lls ; handling p e r s o n a l and im p orta n t o r c o n fi­
d en tia l m a il, and w ritin g rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on ow n in itia tiv e ;
taking d icta tion (w h ere tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is n ot u sed ) eith er in
sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo rm a tio n r e p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r t s o r m e m o ra n d a fo r in fo rm a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
ST E N O G R A PH E R ,

GENERAL

C om p u tes w a g e s o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s ­
s a ry data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts . D uties in v o lv e ; C a lcu la tin g w ork ers*
ea rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; p ostin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g
da ys, tim e , r a te , d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n ce , and total w a g es du e. M ay
m ake out p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a ste r in m aking up and d i s ­
tributing pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith er in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y , and to t r a n s c r ib e th is d icta tion on a ty p e ­
w r it e r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and k eep
file s in o r d e r , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes not in clu d e tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk (s e e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e­
m a tic a l co m p u ta tio n s.
T h is jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f
sta tis tica l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e freq u en t u se o f
a C om p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u se o f th is m a ch in e is in cid e n ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth er d u tie s .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
eith er in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in volvin g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie fs o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h and to t r a n s c r ib e th is d icta tion on a
ty p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and
k eep file s in o r d e r , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes not in clu de
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

T E C H N IC A L

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H OR D IT T O )
SW ITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p ew ritten o r h an dw ritten
m a tte r, using a m im e o g ra p h o r ditto m a ch in e . M akes n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm en t su ch a s fo r ink and paper fe e d cou n ter and c y lin d e r sp e e d .
Is not r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s te n c il o r ditto m a s t e r . M ay k eep file o f
u sed s t e n c ils o r ditto m a s t e r s . M ay s o r t, c o lla t e , and staple c o m ­
p leted m a te r ia l.




O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n teleph on e sw itch b oa rd .
D uties in v o lv e handling in co m in g , ou tg oin g , and in trap lan t o r o ffic e
c a lls .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay g iv e in fo r ­
m a tion to p e r s o n s who c a ll in, o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s who a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

12

SW ITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
tion
type
T h is
tim e

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

In a d dition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r , on a sin g le p o s i ­
o r m o n it o r -t y p e s w itch b o a rd , a c ts a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o
o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk as pa rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s .
typing o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f th is w o rk e r* s
w hile at sw itch b o a rd .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes m a ch in e that a u to m a tica lly a n a ly z e s and tr a n sla te s
in fo rm a tio n pu nch ed in g ro u p s o f tabulating c a r d s and p rin ts tr a n s ­
la ted data on fo r m s o r a ccou n tin g r e c o r d s ; se ts o r a d ju sts m a ch in e;
d o e s sim p le w irin g o f p lu g b oa rd s a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r a c tic e
o r d ia g r a m s ; p la c e s c a r d s to be tabu lated in fe e d m a g a zin e and sta rts
m a ch in e . M ay file c a r d s a fte r they a r e ta bu la ted. M ay, in a d d itio n ,
o p e r a te a u x ilia ry m a c h in e s .
TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

in clu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d icta tio n in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e
o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s if i e d a s a ste n o g r a p h e r, g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w rite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to
m ake out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s have b een m ade by an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v olv in g lit tle s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch a s k e e p ­
ing s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s o r so r tin g and d i s ­
trib u tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A -----P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
Typin g
m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m fr o m v e r y rou g h and in v o lv e d d ra ft; c o p y ­
ing fr o m plain o r c o r r e c t e d c o p y in w h ich th ere is a freq u en t
and v a r ie d u se o f te c h n ic a l and unusual w o r d s o r fr o m f o r e ig n la n g u a ge c o p y ; c o m b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s , o r
planning la y ou t o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in tain u ni­
fo r m it y and b a la n ce in sp a cin g ; typing ta b le s fr o m rou g h d ra ft in
fin a l fo r m .
M ay type r ou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to
suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v olv in g a n o r m a l
rou tin e v o ca b u la r y fr o m tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
type fr o m w ritten c o p y and do sim p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s tra n ­
s c r ib in g d icta tion in volvin g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u ­
la r y su ch a s le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e not

P r of e s sional

DRAFTSM AN,

JUNIOR

(A s sis ta n t d ra ftsm a n )
D ra w s to s c a le units o r p a rts o f d raw in gs p r e p a r e d by d r a ft s ­
m an o r o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u factu rin g p u r ­
p oses.
U ses v a r io u s ty p es o f d ra ftin g to o ls as r e q u ir e d . M ay p r e ­
p a re d raw in gs fr o m sim p le pla n s o r s k e tch e s , o r p e r fo r m oth er du ties
under d ir e c tio n o f a d r a fts m a n .
DRAFTSM AN,

LEADER

P la n s and d ir e c t s a c tiv it ie s o f one o r m o r e d r a fts m e n in
p re p a ra tio n o f w ork in g plans and d eta il dra w in gs fr o m rou g h o r p r e ­
lim in a r y sk e tch e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u factu rin g
p u r p o s e s . D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g
b lu e p rin ts , sk e tch e s , and w ritten o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d eterm in in g w o rk
p r o c e d u r e s ; a s sig n in g d u ties to su b ord in a tes and in sp e c tin g th eir w ork ;
p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt p r o b le m s . M ay a s s is t su b o rd in a te s during




G E N E R A L -----C on tinu ed

C la s s B —^ P e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing
fr o m r e la t iv e ly c le a r o r ty p ed d r a fts ; rou tin e typing o f fo r m s ,
in s u r a n ce p o lic ie s , e t c . , settin g up s im p le stan dard ta bu la tion s, or
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

and

Techn i cal

DRAFTSM AN,

L E A D E R ----- C on tinu ed

e m e r g e n c ie s o r as a r e g u la r a s sig n m e n t, o r p e r fo r m r e la t e d du ties
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in is tra tiv e n a tu re.
DRAFTSM AN,

SENIOR

P r e p a r e s w ork in g plans and d e ta il d ra w in g s fr o m n o te s,
rou g h o r d e ta ile d sk e tch e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m anu ­
fa ctu rin g p u r p o s e s .
D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w ork in g pla n s, d e ta il d r a w in g s , m a p s, c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . ,
to s c a le by use o f d ra ftin g in s tru m e n ts ; m akin g e n g in e e rin g co m p u ta ­
tio n s su ch a s th ose in v o lv e d in stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , b e a m s and
t r u s s e s ; v e r ify in g c o m p le t e d w o rk , c h e c k in g d i m e n s i o n s , m a te r ia ls
to be u s e d , and q u a n tities; w ritin g s p e c ific a t io n s ; m aking a d ju stm en ts
o r c h a n g e s in d ra w in g s o r s p e c ific a t io n s . M ay ink in lin e s and le t t e r s
on p e n c il d ra w in g s , p r e p a r e d e ta il units o f c o m p le te d ra w in g s , o r
tr a c e d r a w in g s .
W ork is fr e q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld su ch as
a r c h it e c t u r a l, e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ic a l, or s tru c tu ra l d ra ftin g .

13
NURSE.

NURSE,

IN D U STR IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

e n v ir o n m e n t, o r oth er a c t iv it ie s
sa fety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e to i l l o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i ll o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on
the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er e sta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a
com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f i r s t aid to the ill o r injured]"
attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p loy ees* in ju r ie s ; k eepin g r e c o r d s
o f patients tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n sa tio n o r
oth er p u r p o s e s ; con d u ctin g p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tion s and health ev a lu a tion s
o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s
in volvin g health ed u ca tion , a c c id e n t p rev en tion , ev alu ation o f plant

M aintenance

CARPENTER,

M AIN TE N A N C E

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y du ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and
m ain tain in g o o d r e p a ir bu ildin g w o o d w o rk and equ ipm en t su ch a s b in s,
c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s, d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and t r im m a de o f w ood in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f
the fo llo w in g ; Plann in g and la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w ­
ings^ m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ; usin g a v a r ie ty o f c a rp e n te r* s
h a n d tools, p o rta b le p ow er to o ls , and stan dard m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ;
m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ;
se le ctin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f
the m a in ten a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tr a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ction s su ch a s the
in sta lla tion , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm en t fo r the g en era tin g ,
d istrib u tion , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f
a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s ,
s w itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eating units,
con du it s y s t e m s , o r oth er t r a n s m is s io n equ ipm ent; w ork in g fr o m b lu e ­
p rin ts, d ra w in g s, la y ou t, o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g ­
n osin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r equ ipm en t; w ork in g stan dard
com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l
equ ipm ent; u sing a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic ia n * s h an d tools and m e a su rin g
and testin g in stru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten an ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c ­
q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t train in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .




IN D U STRIA L (R E G IS T E R E D )----- C on tinu ed
a ffe c tin g

the health,

w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s , by p la cin g
tr a c in g c lo th o r paper o v e r d raw in g and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
U ses T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and oth er d ra ftin g t o o l s .
M ay p r e p a r e
sim p le d ra w in g s and do s im p le le t te r in g .

nd

P o w e r plant

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n
o f s ta tio n a ry en g in es and equ ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p­
ply the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h eat, r e f r i g e r a ­
tion , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s : O p era tin g and m ain taining
eq u ip m en t su ch a s ste a m e n g in e s, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu r b in e s , v en tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ip m en t, s te a m b o i le r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a ter p u m ps; m akin g equ ip m en t r e p a ir s ; keep in g a
r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p ­
tion . M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a t io n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s
in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g m o r e than on e e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F ir e s sta tion a ry b o i le r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith heat, p o w e r, o r ste a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e by bfind
o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; c h e c k s w ater
and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m eq u ip m en t.
HELPER,

TR A D E S,

M A IN TE N A N C E

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten an ce
tr a d e s , b y p e r fp rm in g s p e c ifi c o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f le s s e r s k ill, su ch
as k eep in g a w o rk e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ; clea n in g w o r k ­
ing a r e a , m a ch in e , and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g w o r k e r b y h old in g m a ­
te r ia ls o r to o ls ; p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta sk s a s d ir e c te d by jo u r ­
n eym a n . The kind o f w o r k the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s
fr o m tr a d e to tra d e : In s o m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is co n fin e d to su p­
p ly in g, lift in g , and h old in g m a te r ia ls and to o ls and cle a n in g w ork in g
a r e a s ; an d in o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s
on a f u ll-t i m e b a s is .

14
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f on e o r m o r e ty p es o f m a ch in e
to o ls , su ch a s jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , engine
la th e s, o r m illin g m a ch in e s in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls ,
g a u g es, ji g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the, fo llo w in g :
P lan n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g
it e m s r e q u irin g c o m p lic a te d setu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
usin g a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m en ts du ring o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls ,
and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cuttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m ,
in top i and die jo b b in g sh op s a r e e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

M ACH IN IST,

M E C H A N IC ,

M AIN TE N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a ch in e ry o r m e c h a n ica l equ ipm ent o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing m a ch in e s
an d m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly
in v o lv e the use o f h a n d tools in sc r a p in g and fittin g p a rts; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith it e m s ob ta in ed fr o m s to ck ; o r d e r in g the
p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t part by a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f
the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e sh op fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritten
s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rod u ction o f pa rts o r d e r e d
f r o m m a ch in e sh op; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m akin g a ll n e c e s s a r y
a d ju stm e n ts fo r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten an ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d
th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M A IN TE N A N C E
M IL L W R IGHT

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s
o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ica l equ ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; In terp retin g w ritten in s t r u c ­
tion s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a ­
r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts ;
settin g up and o p e r a tin g stan d ard m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping o f m eta l
p a rts to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; m akin g stan dard sh op com p u ta tion s r e la t ­
ing to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s and sp e e d s o f m a ch in in g;
kn ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n m e ta ls ; s e le ctin g
stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a rts, and eq u ipm en t r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ; fittin g
and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g in m a c h in e shop p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r h eav y equ ipm ent and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a ch in e s o r h eav y equ ip m en t w hen ch a n g es in the plant la y ­
ou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lann in g and
la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f h a n d tools and r ig g in g ; m akin g stan dard shop c o m ­
pu tation s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren g th o f m a te r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f
g r a v it y ; alin in g and ba la n cin g o f equ ip m en t; s e le ctin g stan dard t o o ls ,
eq u ip m en t, and p a rts to be u sed ; in sta llin g and m ain taining in g o o d
o r d e r p ow er tr a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t su ch a s d r iv e s and sp e e d r e ­
d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n ­
tic e s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R

M ECH A N IC,

A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f
an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing
a u to m o tiv e equ ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
eq u ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch handto o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g es, d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
s to ck ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the
v ariou s- a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts;
a lin in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts, o r tigh ten in g b od y b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u tom otiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
sh ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




L u b r ic a te s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m ov in g p a rts o r w ea rin g
s u r fa c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an e sta b lis h m e n t.
P A IN T E R ,

M A IN TE N AN C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fix tu r e s o f an
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s th e, fo llo w in g ; K n ow ledge o f s u r fa c e
p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la cin g
putty o r f ill e r in n a il h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; ap plyin g paint w ith sp ra y
gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w hite le a d , and oth er paint
in g r e d ie n ts to ob ta in p r o p e r c o lo r
o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten an ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r e q u iv a ­
le n t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

15
P IP E F IT T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RK ER,

M A IN TE N A N C E

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , stea m , g a s , o r oth er typ es o f pipe
and p ip efittin g s in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
low in g : L ayin g out o f w o rk and m e a su rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pipe
fr o m d ra w in gs o r oth er w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s
o f pipe to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a ce ty le n e
to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e; th readin g pipe w ith s to ck s and d ie s ;
bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a ch in e s; a s s e m b lin g
pipe w ith co u p lin g s and fasten in g pipe to h a n g e rs; m aking stan dard
shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe r e ­
q u ired ; m aking stan dard te s ts to d eterm in e w hether fin ish e d p ip es m e e t
s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce p ip efitter
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a
fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e rs
p r im a r ily en ga ged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g building sa n ita tion or
heating s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M AIN TE N A N C E

K eep s the plum bing s y s te m o f an esta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W ork in v o lv e s : K n ow ledge o f sa n ita ry c o d e s r e g a rd in g in sta lla tion o f
v en ts and tra p s in plum bing s y ste m ; in sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip es and
fix tu r e s ; open in g c lo g g e d d ra in s w ith a plu n ger o r plu m b er*s sn ak e.
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce p lu m b er r e q u ir e s rou n ded
trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
ship o r equ iv alen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M AIN TE N AN C E

F a b r ic a te s , in s t a lls , and m ain tain s in g o o d r e p a ir the sh e e tm eta l equ ipm en t and fix tu r e s (su ch a s m a ch in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e pans,
s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m etal r o o fin g )
o f an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning

Custodial

ELEVATOR OPERATOR,

an d

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s betw een flo o r s o f an o ffic e bu ildin g,
ap artm en t h ou se, d ep a rtm en t s t o r e , h otel o r s im ila r esta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k e rs who o p e r a te e le v a t o r s in con ju n ction with oth er du ties such
as th ose o f s t a r te r s and ja n ito r s a r e e x clu d e d .
GUARD
P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix e d p ost o r on
tou r, m ain tain in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y , In c lu d e s g a tem en w ho a r e station ed at gate and c h e c k on iden tity o f
e m p lo y e e s and oth er p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
~




Continued

and la yin g out a ll ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l m ain ten an ce w ork fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; setting up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l-w o r k in g m a ch in e s; using a v a r ie ty o f
h a n d tools in cutting, bending, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g, and a s s e m ­
b lin g ; in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded train in g
and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equ iv alen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e
T O O L AN D DIE M AK ER
(D ie m a k e r; jig

m a k e r; to o lm a k e r ;

fix tu re

m a k e r; gauge

m a k e r)

C o n stru cts and r e p a ir s m a ch in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u ges, ji g s , f i x ­
tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , punching and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lann in g and la yin g out o f w ork
fr o m m o d e ls , b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s, o r oth er o r a l and w ritten s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f to o l and d ie m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is io n
m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts, u nderstanding o f the w orkin g p r o p e r tie s o f
c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p era tin g o f m a ch in e to o ls
and r e la te d equ ipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g
to d im en sion s o f w ork , sp e e d s , fe e d s , and toolin g o f m a ch in e s; h e a ttrea tin g o f m eta l p a rts during fa b rica tio n a s w e ll a s o f fin ish e d to o ls
and d ies to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s; w ork in g to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f pa rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w ­
a n c e s ; se le ctin g a p p ro p ria te m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l, the to o l and die m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u ir e s a roun ded train in g
in m a ch in e -sh o p and to o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a
fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u rp o s e s , to o l and d ie m a k e rs
in to o l and die job b in g sh ops a r e ex clu d e d fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .

Mat e r i a l

PASSE N G ER

M A IN TE N AN C E

Movem ent

JA N ITO R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w eep er; ch a rw om a n ; ja n it r e s s )
C lean s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w orkin g
a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , a p artm en t h ou se,
o r c o m m e r c ia l o r oth er esta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v olv e a com b in a tion
o f the fo llo w in g : Sw eeping, m oppin g o r scru b b in g , and p olish in g flo o r s ;
r e m o v in g ch ip s , tra sh , and oth er r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm ent, fu rn itu re,
o r fix tu r e s ; p olish in g m etal fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; provid in g su p p lies
and m in o r m a in ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; clean in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and
r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e rs who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashing a r e e x clu d e d .

16
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L HANDLING

(L o a d e r and u n loa d er; h an dler and s ta c k e r; s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ;
stock m an o r s to ck h e lp e r ; w a reh ou sem a n o r w a reh ou se h e lp e r )

SHIPPING AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K -----Continued
oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c tin g d a m ag ed g o o d s ;
rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r .d ep a rtm en ts; m ain taining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

A w o rk e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u se , m a n u factu rin g plant,
s t o r e , o r oth er e sta b lis h m e n t w h ose du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f
the fo llo w in g ; L oading and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n ­
d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u ck s , o r oth er tra n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ;
unpacking, sh elv in g, o r pla cin g m a te r ia ls or m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; tra n sp o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by hand tru ck ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who lo a d and unload sh ips a r e
e x clu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d a s fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

ORD ER F IL L E R
(O rd er p ic k e r ; s to ck s e l e c t o r ; w a reh ou se stock m an )
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m
s to r e d m e r c h a n d ise in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s ,
c u s t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s , o r oth er in s tr u c tio n s . M ay, in a d dition to fillin g
o r d e r s and in d icatin g ite m s fille d o r om itted , keep r e c o r d s o f ou t­
g oin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d ition a l stock , o r r e p o r t sh ort su p p lies
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er r e la te d d u ties.
PACKER,

D r iv e s a tr u ck w ithin a c ity o r in d u stria l a r e a to tr a n sp o rt
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm en t, o r m en betw een v a r io u s ty pes o f
e sta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M an ufacturin g plants, fr e ig h t d ep ots, w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e ta il e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s 1 h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
lo a d o r u nload tr u ck w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in or m e c h a n ica l
r e p a ir s , and k eep tru ck in g o o d w ork in g o r d e r . D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifi e d by s iz e
and type o f equ ipm ent, a s fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r -t r a ile r sh ou ld be ra te d
on the b a s is o f tr a ile r c a p a c it y .)

SHIPPING

P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p ro d u cts fo r sh ipm ent o r sto ra g e by pla cin g
them in shipping c o n ta in e rs , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and n u m ber o f units to be pa ck ed , the
type o f con ta in er e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the p la cin g o f ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e on e or
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; K n ow ledge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to ck in o r d e r
to v e r ify content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type and s iz e o f co n ta in e r;
in se rtin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a te r ia l to
prev en t b rea k a ge o r da m ag e; c lo s in g and sea lin g co n ta in e r; applying
la b e ls o r en terin g iden tifyin g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o
m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a te s a r e e x clu d e d .

T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis te d se p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (unde? 1 V2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m ( 1 V2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eav y (o v e r 4 ton s, t r a ile r type)

T ru c k d riv e r, heavy (over 4 tons, other than~trailer type)
TRU CKER,

O p era tes a m a n u ally c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d
tru ck o r tr a c to r to tr a n s p o rt g o o d s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about
a w a r e h o u se , m a n u factu rin g plant, o r oth er esta b lis h m e n t.

SHIPPING AND RE CEIV IN G C L E R K
tru ck ,
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
sp o n s ib le fo r in com in g sh ipm ents o f m e r c h a n d is e o r oth er m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s ; A kn ow led ge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tra n sp o rta tio n and r a te s ; and p r e ­
pa rin g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ipped, m aking up b ills o f la din g, p o s t­
ing w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and keepin g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t or a s s is t in p rep a rin g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g others in v e r ify in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm en ts a g a in st b ills o f la din g, in v o ic e s , o r




PO W ER

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type o f
a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er (fo r k lift)
p ow er (oth er than fo r k lift)

W AT C H M A N
M akes rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te ctin g p r o p e rty
ag a in st f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l e n try .

☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1959 O - 500699

Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 20 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959. These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-20, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-21) containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis will be issued early in I960.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Seattle, Wash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties),N. Y., September 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240-3, price 25 cents
St. Louis, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-4, price 15 cents
D allas, Tex., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-5, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-6, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102