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I

Occupational Wage Survey
NEW YORK, NEW YORK
APRIL 1960

Bu letin No. 1265-44




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary

BU UOF LA R STA
REA BO TISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




NEW YORK, NEW YORK
APRIL 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-44

July 1960

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MH s i
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BU UOF LA R STA
REA BO TISTICS \ ™ 8 /
X5«rts
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 2 5 cents

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Preface

Contents
Page

The C om m u n ity W age

Survey P r o g r a m

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s r e g u l a r l y con du cts
a r e a w i d e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f i m p o r t a n t i n d u s t r i a l
c e n t e r s . T h e s tu d ie s , m a d e f r o m la te f a l l to e a r l y s p r i n g ,
r e l a t e to o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d s u p p l e m e n t a r y
b e n e f i t s . A p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t is a v a i l a b l e on c o m p l e t i o n
o f the study in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in the m on th f o l l o w i n g
the p a y r o l l p e r i o d stu died. T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s a d d i t i o n a l
data not i n c lu d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A con so lidated
a n a l y t i c a l b u l l e t i n s u m m a r i z i n g the r e s u l t s o f a l l o f the
y e a r ' s s u r v e y s is i s s u e d a f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f the f i n a l a r e a
b u l l e t i n f o r the c u r r e n t round o f s u r v e y s .
T h i s r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N. Y . , by E l l i o t t A . B r o w a r , under
the d i r e c t i o n o f F r e d e r i c k W. M u e l l e r , R e g i o n a l W a g e and
Industrial R e la tio n s A n alyst.




Introdu ction
______________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________

1
4

T a b l e s:
1.
2.

A:

B:

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ____________
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
ho u rly e a rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu p atio n al groups,
and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________________

3

O ccupation al earn in gs: *
A - 1.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s __________________________________________
A - l a . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — C e n t r a l o f f i c e s ________________________
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 3.
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r plant o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 4 . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a ti o n s ______________

5
10
11
12
14

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e
p ro visio n s: *
B - 1.
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s __________________________________________
B -2.
M in im u m entran ce s a la r ie s for w o m e n
o f f i c e w o r k e r s ________________________________________________
B -3.
Sc h ed u le d w e e k l y h o u r s ______________________________________
B -4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
B -5 .
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________________
B -6.
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p lans _____________________

Appendix:

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

',f N O T E : S i m i l a r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a i l a b l e in the N e w Y o r k
C i t y a r e a r e p o r t s f o r A p r i l 1951, J a n u a r y 1952, F e b r u a r y
1953 and 1954, M a r c h 1955, and A p r i l o f e a c h y e a r s in c e
1956.
A d i r e c t o r y i n d i c a t i n g date o f study and the p r i c e
o f the r e p o r t s , as w e l l as r e p o r t s f o r o t h e r m a j o r a r e a s ,
is a v a i l a b l e upon r e q u e s t .
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and sup­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s in the N e w Y o r k C i t y a r e a a r e
a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r m i s c e l l a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c ts (J an u ar y
I 9 6 0 ), the m a c h i n e r y i n d u s t r i e s ( M a r c h I 9 6 0 ), and h o t e l s
(June I9 6 0 ) .
U n ion s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g pay
l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r the f o l l o w i n g t r a d e s o r i n d u s t r i e s :
B uilding con stru ctio n p rin ting, l o c a l- t r a n s it o p era tin g e m ­
p l o y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and

h elp er s.

3

16
17
18
19
20
22
23




Occupational Wage Survey—New York, N. Y.
Introduction

T his area is one of sev er a l im portant in d u strial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L a b o r's B ureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage b en efits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field econ om ists 1 to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
within six broad industry division s: M anufacturing; transportation, 2
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu d ies are governm ent operations
and the con stru ction and ex tractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w ork ers are om itted a lso b ecau se
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecau se of the
u n n ecessary c o st involved in surveying all esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um co st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is stu died. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, all estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
b ased on the estab lish m en ts studied are p resen ted , th erefo re, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cept for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The* occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a v ariety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s d esigned to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d e sc r ip tio n s.) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice cle r ic a l; (b) p ro fessio n a l and techn ical; (c) m ain te­
nance and powerplant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
1
Data w ere obtained by m ail from som e of the sm a ller
tab lish m en ts for which v is its by B ureau field eco n o m ists in the la st
previous su rvey indicated em ploym ent in rela tiv ely few of the o c cu ­
pations stu died. Unusual changes reported by m a il w ere verified with
em p lo y e r s.
R ailroad s; fo rm erly excluded from the scop e of th ese stu d ies,
have been added in n early all of the areas to be studied during the
w in ter of 1959-60; ra ilroad s w ill be added in the rem aining a rea s next
y e a r. F or scope of su rvey in this area, se e footnote to " transporta­
tion, com m u nication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.




O ccupational em ploym ent and earn in gs data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e . , th ose h ired to w ork a regu lar w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational c la ssific a tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eek en d s, h olid a ys, and
late sh ifts. N onproduction b on u ses are exclu d ed a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incen tive earn in gs are inclu ded. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sch ed u les (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
stra ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s are paid; average w eekly earn in gs for th ese
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d o lla r.
A verage earnin gs of m en and w om en are p resen ted sep arately
for selec te d occupations in which both se x e s are com m only em p loyed .
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and w om en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (lj d ifferen ces in the d istrib u tion of the se x e s am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ss ifie d w ithin
the sam e su rvey job d escrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la r ie s are adjusted on this b asis.
Longer average se r v ic e of m en would re su lt in higher average pay
when both se x e s are em p loyed w ithin the sam e rate ran ge. Job
d escrip tion s u sed in c la ssify in g em p lo yees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen era lized than those u sed in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong esta b lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
p erform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts w ithin the scop e of the study and not the num ber actu ­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re am ong
esta b lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
rela tiv e im portance of the jobs stu died. T h ese d ifferen ces in o c cu ­
pational stru ctu re do not m a teria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.
E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted a lso (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary b en efits as they r e ­
e s ­ to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as used
late
in this b u lletin , inclu d es w orking su p erv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related fu n ction s, and ex clu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tiv e, and p ro fessio n a l p erso n n el. "Plant w ork ers" in ­
clude w orking forem en and all n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including lea d m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice fu n ction s. A d m in istrative,
ex ecu tiv e, and p ro fessio n a l em p lo y ees, and fo rce-a cco u n t con stru ction
em p lo yees who are u tilized as a sep arate work fo rce are exclu d ed .
C a feteria w ork ers and routem en are exclu d ed in m anufacturing in d u s­
tries, but are included as plant w ork ers in nonm anufacturing in d u stries.

2
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu rin g
in d u s t r ie s . T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d b oth in t e r m s o f (a ) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 3 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t, and (b ) e f fe c t i v e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d s h ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g v a r ie d d if fe r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t a p p ly in g to
a m a j o r i t y w as u s e d o r , i f no a m ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n " o t h e r " w as u s e d .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e l a t e 7
s h ift h o u rs a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if fe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f i t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h o u r s .

M in im u m e n tr a n c e r a te s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v i s it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d on an e s ta b lis h m e n t, r a t h e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ; and
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s a r e tr e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e li g i b l e o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s l is t e d . S c h e d u le d h o u rs a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
th at th es e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 4 B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , su m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in th e s e
ta b u la tio n s m a y n ot e q u a l to t a ls .

T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p r o v id e d .
The secon d p a rt
c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p lan s f o r w h ic h a t le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n
and s o c ia l s e c u r it y . Such p lan s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th ro u g h a u n ion fund o r
p a id d i r e c t l y b y the e m p lo y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r f r o m
a fund s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a th b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d as a
f o r m o f l i f e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is li m i t e d to th a t ty p e o f in ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u rin g i l ln e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n te d f o r a l l such p la n s to w h ic h the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h
h a ve e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s , 5 p lan s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r ( 1 ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r ( 2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ic h e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s ic k - le a v e p lan s a r e li m i t e d to f o r m a l p lan s 5 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll .pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's p ay d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f il l n e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( 1 ) p lan s w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p ay and n o w a it in g p e r io d , and ( 2 ) plans
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p ay o r a w a it in g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d to t a l is
sh ow n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b oth ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s is lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , e x c lu d in g in f o r m a l p lan s w h e r e b y tim e o f f w ith p a y is g ra n te d
a t the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in c o m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , such
as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r f la t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts n o t on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 1 s p a y .

C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to as e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p lan s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p lan s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Su ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m m e r ­
c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t io n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf - in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
th o s e p lan s th a t p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

3 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a p o lic y i f it m e t
e it h e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s : (1 ) O p e r a t e d la te s h ifts a t the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r ( 2 ) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ift s .
4 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t io n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r i o r to la te 1957 and e a r l y 1958 w e r e
p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in o f f ic e s w ith the in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

5
T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a l i f o r n i a and R h o d e Is la n d
do n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u t io n s .
5
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f
i t e s t a b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e th at
c o u ld b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Such a p la n n e e d n o t b e w r it t e n ,
but in f o r m a l s ic k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d o n an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




3

T a b le

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d ie d in N ew Y o r k , N . Y . ,* b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 A p r i l I 9 6 0
N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
e s t a b lis h >
in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

I n d u s t r y d i v is u.

W ith in
scope of
stu d y 3

S t u d ie d

S t u d ie d
T o ta l4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o t a l4

4, 358

553

1 ,4 0 6 , 100

4 2 2 ,1 0 0

6 3 1 ,2 0 0

6 3 0 ,9 1 0

-

1 ,3 5 3
3 ,0 0 5

1 66
387

4 5 0 ,5 0 0
9 5 5 , 600

9 0 ,8 0 0
3 3 1 , 300

2 6 9 ,2 0 0
3 6 2 ,0 0 0

1 3 9 ,5 5 0
4 9 1 ,3 6 0

101
51

2 01
858

56
78

22 6, 600
1 1 7 ,4 0 0

4 9 , 300
4 7 , 100

1 0 2 ,0 0 0
3 1 ,4 0 0

1 8 3 ,5 0 0
2 2 ,6 3 0

101
51
51

287
709
950

76
75
102

1 6 2 ,7 0 0
2 5 7 ,4 0 0
1 9 1 ,5 0 0

2 4 , 100
1 6 8 ,4 0 0
4 2 ,4 0 0

1 1 8 ,3 0 0
6 18, 000
9 2 ,3 0 0

1 0 4 ,8 2 0
1 2 4 , 8 40
5 5 , 570

A l l d i v i s i o n s --------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
_______________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 ----------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e -------------------------------------------------R e t a il tra d e (e x c e p t li m it e d - p r ic e
v a r i e t y s t o r e s ) -------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te
_____
S e r v i c e s 7 ----------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

101

1 T h e N e w Y o r k A r e a c o m p r i s e d N e w Y o r k C it y ( B r o n x , K in g s , N e w Y o r k , Q u e e n s , a n d R i c h m o n d C o u n t i e s ) . T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n
m t h is t a b l e p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e an d c o m p o s i t i o n o f the l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to
s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , an d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 5 7 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f the S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m the e a r l i e r
e d i t i o n ( u s e d in th e B u r e a u 's l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r to th e w in t e r o f 195 8 —59) a r e the t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p la n ts an d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e (w h o l e s a le o r r e t a i l ) to m a n u fa c t u r i n g , a n d the t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s to th e t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n ,
a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m - s i z e li m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,
f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e
T h e p u b l ic l y o p e r a t e d p o r t i o n
o f N e w Y o r k 's t r a n s i t s y s t e m
a g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n , e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f the s t u d ie s .
6 E s tim a te r e la t e s to r e a l e s ta te e s ta b lis h m e n ts o n ly .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

exclu d ed .

T a b le 2 .

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . ,
A p r il I9 6 0 and A p r il 195 9, and p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d e x e s
(F e b r u a r y 1 953*100)

In d u s try and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
A p r il 1958
to
A p r i l 1 95 9

A p r il 1957
to
A p r il 1958

A p r il 1956
to
A p r i l 1 95 7

M a r c h 195 5
to
A p r il 1956

F e b r u a r y 1 95 4
to
M a r c h 1955

F e b r u a r y 1953
to
F e b r u a r y 1 95 4

A p r il I9 6 0

A p r i l 1959

A p r i l 195 9
to
A p r il I96 0

A l l in d u s t r i e s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) ---------------------------------I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) __________________
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) __________________
U n s k i ll e d p la n t (m e n ) --------------------------------------

1 3 3 .4
135. 9
133. 6
136. 1

1 2 8 .2
1 3 1 .0
128. 1
1 3 0 .4

4. 1
3 .8
4. 3
4 .4

3. 0
3 .3
4. 4
4. 2

3 .5
4. 7
4 .3
4. 6

5 .2
4 .9
3 .8
5. 3

5 .9
5. 1
3 .4
5 .0

3 .5
5 .4
5 .0
2. 6

4 .3
4 .2
4. 5
5 .4

M a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) ______________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) ________ *______ _
S k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) ---------------------------U n s k i ll e d p la n t (m e n ) ------------------------- ------------

136.
145.
134.
137.

130.
140.
130.
134.

4 .2
3. 6
3. 7
2. 1

3. 6
4 .9
4. 7
3 .9

2. 9
5. 1
3 .9
5. 5

5 .9
4. 8
5. 5
7. 5

5 .3
5 .0
3 .2
3 .8

4. 7
7 .4
4 .2
3. 8

5. 2
8. 0
5 .2
6 .3




3
7
9
6

9
6
0
8

i s , as

4

W age T ren d s fo r

S e le c te d

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s .

F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u rs o f w o r k , th at is ,
the sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch an ges in s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
The* in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e le c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o r ta n t
jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p . T h e o f f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
the f o llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B; C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , f i l e ,
c l a s s - A and B; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o f f i c e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ;
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and t y p is t s , c la s s A and B .
T h e in d u s tr ia l n u rs e data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s .
M en
in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in te n a n c e jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e r e
in c lu d e d in the p la n t w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n te r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ;
m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h t s ; p a in t e r s ;
p ip e f it t e r s ; s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d —
j a n it o r s , p o r t e r s ,
and c le a n e r s ; l a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ; and
w a tc h m e n .

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
com p u ted f o r ea ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b .
T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l
o c c u p a tio n s w e r e th en to ta le d to o b ta in an a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g ro u p .
F in a lly , the r a t io o f th e s e g ro u p a g g r e g a t e s f o r a g iv e n
y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r the b a s e p e r io d (s u r v e y m on th , w in t e r 1 9 52 -5 3 )




O c c u p a t io n a l G r o u p s

w a s co m p u te d and the r e s u lt m u lt ip lie d b y th e b a s e y e a r in d e x (1 0 0 ) to
g e t the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .
A d ju s tm e n ts h a v e b e e n m a d e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to m a in ta in
c o m p a r a b ilit y . F o r e x a m p le , in m o s t o f the a r e a s s u r v e y e d , r a ilr o a d s
w e r e in c lu d e d in the c o v e r a g e o f the s u r v e y s f o r th e f i r s t tim e th is
y e a r . In c o m p u tin g the in d e x e s , d ata r e la t in g to the r a i l r o a d in d u s tr y
w e r e e x c lu d e d .

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e f fe c t s o f (1 ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r i t o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e jo b ; and (3 ) c h a n ge s in the
la b o r f o r c e such as la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n ges in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d if fe r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e can
c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t
a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a. s p e c i f i c o c c u p a tio n and r e ­
s u lt in a d ro p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w o u ld h a v e the o p p o s ite e f fe c t .
The m ovem ent
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c ou ld c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d ro p , e v e n though n o ch an ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

T h e u s e o f c o n sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t s
o f c h a n ge s in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
clu d ed in the d a ta .
N o r a r e th e in d e x e s in flu e n c e d b y ch a n ges in
sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , s in c e th e y
a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r s .
In d e x e s f o r the p e r io d 1953 to 1959 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e ts a p p e a r e d in BL.S B u ll. 1 2 4 0 -2 2 , W a g e s and R e la te d
B e n e fit s , 20 L a b o r M a r k e t s , W in t e r 1 9 5 8 -5 9 .

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew Y o r k , N. Y. , A p r i l I9 6 0 )

Averao*

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

1
1
%
$
$
s
S
$
i earningsi 40. 00 45. 00 $ 00 «55. 00 $ 00 t65. 00 S 00 t75. 00 * 00 •85. 00 t90. 00 t 95.0CS100.00 f105.00 $
Weekly
50.
60.
70.
80.
110.00 115.00 120.0C 125.00 130.00 135.00 140 00 I145.00
(Standard) (Standard) u and
"
"
"
“
“
"
'
~
“
"
"
"
“
“
" and
”
n d er
Weekly

45. 00 50.00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.oc 105.od 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.0C130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00

over

M en
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________

469
469
3, 381
890
2, 491
436
597
176
803
479
2, 066
428
1, 638
261
364
668
268
332
294
188
1. 552
500
1, 052
985
641
250
391
107
119
211
205
7, 328
2, 114
5, 214
416
1, 142
248
1, 790
1, 618

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s A ---M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------R e t a il t r a d e 3 ---------------------F in a n ce 4 ----------------------------S e r v i c e s ____________________
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B -----M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ___________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________
F in a n ce 4 ________ ,__ -_______
S e r v i c e s -----------------------------C le r k s , f i le , c l a s s B ____________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
F in a n c e 4 -----------------------------C le r k s , o r d e r _____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __ ._________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------C le r k s , p a y r o l l ___________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------------S e r v i c e s -----------------------------K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s --------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
O ffic e b o y s ------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __ *_________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ________ _—
W h o le s a le tr a d e ___________
R e t a il t r a d e 3----------------------F in a n c e 4 ----------------------------S e r v i c e s ___________________

36. 5
36. 5
36. 0
36. 0
36. 0
37. 0
36. 0
37. 5
35. 0
36. 0
36. 0
W IT
36. 0
37. 5
37. 0
35. 0
36. 0
36. 5
36. 5
36. 0
37. 5
37. 0
38. 0
38. 0
36. 5
36. 5
36. 0
36. 0
36. 5
38. 5
39. 0
36. 0
35. 5
36. 5
36. 5
36. 5
37. 0
36. 0
36. 5

94
63 53
$69. 00
63 53
69. 00 - 94
_
_
_
96. 00
28 54
102. 00 2 14
93. 50 26 40
_
_
_
102. 50 _
_
96. 00 1
6
90. 50 1
1
87. 00 24 32
95. 00 "
1
“
74. 00
1
8 18 286 270
81. 50 4 63
72. 00
1
8 18 282 207
84. 00
5 10
78. 00 21 36
63. 50
1
7 13 252 132
73. 00 "
1
1 26
*
58. 50 32
18 65
53 76
56. 50 32
18 65
45 76
53. 50 32
15 55
42 34
_
84. 50
5
10
6 89
82. 50 3 43
85. 50 5
10
3 46
2
36
86. 50
"
_
5 35
87. 50 _
6
- 13
88. 00 87. 00 5 22
6
92. 00
85. 00 16
_
_
_
77. 00 _
5
77. 50 "
"
"
55. 00 256 1617 2101 1564 1101
55. 50 161 357 433 590 380
54. 50 95 1260 1668 974 721
58. 50 7
12 157 107 48
57. 00 - 144 363 250 186
52. 00 4
70 109
25 30
54. 50 32 428 533 343 306
52. 50 52 606 506 249 151

77
77
83
26
57
4
15
2
31
5
279
48
231
24
38
91
64
56
53
9
164
56
108
102
50
32
18
9
"
23
23
314
72
242
31
110
5
87
9

50
50
121
26
95
15
9
6
57
8
300
61
239
38
21
85
77
7
5
1
136
46
90
90
19
4
15
5
8
30
30
165
46
119
5
49
5
41
19

4
4
323
49
274
34
88
12
106
34
252
54
198
37
59
51
23
8
194
94
100
98
102
35
67
6
29
78
78
111
19
92
37
40
13

42
42
341
45
296
53
70
19
114
40
212
47
165
23
72
15
54
16

2

22

-

222
53
169
165
66
34
32
11
10
44
43
52
21
31
2
_
7

37
37
348
64
284
28
41
46
51
118
159
45
114
30
62
17
5
1
-

157
39
118
108
62
34
28
6
14
7
7
29
23
6
6
_
-

-

25
25
460
102
358
40
92
35
109
82
88
21
67
21
24
3
17
_
180
67
113
104
72
24
48
11
3
3
6
6
4
«
_
2

2 22
2 22267 407
88 115
179 292
25 49
33 80
7 14
82 97
32 52
49 74
7 19
42 55
26 47
14
8
_
1
_

84
42
42
42
69
11
58
10
9
6
6

“
I ll
bo
51
26
10
_
3
12
2
2
_
_
_
-

61
34
27
2
5
4
16
1
1
_
_
_
_
-

62
24
38
21
3
_
14

-

1
_
_
_
_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

I ll
16
95
91
7
3
4
4
_
-

*
41
6
35
35
20
7
13
7
5
_
-

3
1
2
2
16
9
7
6
_
-

1
_
1
6
4
2
2
-

_
_
-

_
“

_
“

_
_

-

_

52
19
33
28
66
3
63
36
22
15
15
12
12
_
_
_

168
36
132
59
59
2
12
14
14
_
_
-

*
274 162
9b 56
184 106
28 30
19 45
26
3
86
9
25 19
26 26
17 24
2
9
_
_
9
_

-

_
_
_

-

84
9
75
75
39
36
3
_

-

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




NOTE:

E s tim a t e s f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s , n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g , and p u b lic u t ilit ie s in clu d e da ta f o r r a il r o a d s (S IC 4 0), o m it t e d f r o m th e s c o p e
o f a l l la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e f o r e the w in te r o f 1959—60.
W h ere s ig n ific a n t , the e f f e c t o f the in c lu s io n o f r a i l ­
r o a d s is g r e a t e s t on the da ta sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r the p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .
T h e tre n d o f e a r n in g s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p s in a ll in d u s t r ie s , e x c lu d in g r a il r o a d s , a p p e a r s in ta b le 2.

-

_

_
_
-

12
6
6
6

28
12
16
8
8
_
-

1

1
_
1
1

_
-

_

_
-

_

_

_

_
■

_
_
*
“

_
~

-

_

35
24
11
4
3
_
_
4

48
23
25
10
10
_
5

_

_
_
_
-

_

_

_

_
_
1
1
_
~

_
_
-

_

_
_
-

_

_
_

-

-

_
_

_
_
"

6

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry division
Men-—Continued
Secretaries ---------------------------------------Tabulating-machine operators,
class A _____________________________
Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing__________________
Finance 4 ----------------------------------Tabulating-machine operators,
class B -------------------------------------------M anufacturing_____________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public utilities 2 ________________
Wholesale trade ________________
Finance4 ---------------------------------Services —-------------------------------Tabulating-machine operators,
class C ____________________________
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing__________________
Finance4 ____________________ _
Typists, class A -------------------------------Typists, class B __ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing_________________
Women
Billers, machine (billing
machine) --------------------------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------Wholesale trade ________________
Finance 4 ---------------------------------B illers, machine (bookkeeping
m achine)-----------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _________________
Retail trade 3 ----------------------------Services ----------------------------------Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class A _____________________________
Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Wholesale trade ________________
Finance 4 -------------------------------Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B __________________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------- _
Yfhnl ceale trarlp
tra^p 3
........
Finin'-** 4
. . . .... . ._.
Services ----------------------------------See footnotes at end of table.




(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New York, N. Y. , April I960)
iaas
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING! STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OFNumber Weeklv, Weekly x $
$ 00 $ 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 S 0 . 00 * 95.00 S
of
9
100.00 $
105.00 S
110.00 115.00 1
120.00 125.00 130.00 *135.00*140.00*145.00
hours earnings 40. 00 45. 50.
(Standard! (Standard)
and
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00- 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over
182

$
36. 0 100. 50

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

59

1

8

747
147
600
372

36. 5
35. 5
36. 5
36. 0

99. 00
103. 00
98. 00
93. 00

-

-

-

"

-

-

40
40
40

43
43
43

53
3
50
36

1, 902
424
1, 478
251
136
897
119

36. 5
36. 5
36. 5
38. 0
37. 5
36. 5
36. 5

86. 00
88. 00
85. 50
94. 00
91. 00
83. 00
84. 00

-

_
_
-

2
2
-

4
4
_
4
-

26
6
20
_
19
-

72
4
68
7
_
54
1

189 295
31 64
158 231
6 32
2
11
123 169
6 15

1, 398
220
1, 178
757
139
319
298

36. 5
37. 0
36. 5
36. 0
36. 0
35. 5
35. 0

67. 50
69. 00
67. 00
65. 50
83. 00
62. 00
61. 50

_
_
-

18
18
9
_
_
-

30 158
15 20
15 138
9 123
_
1
84 40
84 36

361
52
309
235
8
15
15

340
36
304
198
16
121
108

139 202
16 29
123 173
77 78
4 21
21 18
21 18

97
31
66
25
16
10
8

36
14
22
3
1
10
8

1, 494
375
1,119
358
417

36. 0
35. 5
36. 5
37. 5
35. 5

73. 00
78. 00
71. 00
75. 00
65. 00

11
11
_
-

6
6
3

17 160
17 160
- 10
3 133

185 183
36 54
149 129
9 69
104 36

169 350
34 73
135 277
66 87
38 67

920 36. 5 73. 00
194 36. 0 70. 00
726 36. 5 73. 50
262 38. 5 68. 00
112 36. 0 73. 50

-

8
8
3
5

13 105
3 58
10 47
10 32
5
7
7
3
1
-

116
28
88
51
15

97
17
80
57
4

34 164
- 25
34 139
3
1
27 132

_
_
“

4
4
_
_
“

1, 325 36. 5 79. 00
305 36. 0 81. 50
1, 020 36. 5 78. 00
209 38. 0 81. 00
604 36. 0 76. 00
5, 758
512
5, 246
673
258
3, 972
248

36. 0
36. 0
36. 0
37. 0
37. 0
36. 0
36. 0

69. 00
76. 00
68. 00
77. 50
73. 50
65. 50
75. 50

-

-

320 786 1247 1031
51 48
4 44
316 742 1196 983
5
44 87
5 18
25 43
309 716 1083 820
2
41 32
3

9

26

14

10

7

3

13

3

3

1

12

44
6
38
21

100 110
11 44
89 66
64 37

114
36
78
54

82
9
73
52

61
17
44
16

50
12
38
1

4
1
3
-

22
2
20
-

2
2
-

7
3
4
-

12
1
11
8

3
3

376 268
87 47
289 221
19 25
3 40
197 136
59 12

191 186
68 56
123 130
16 46
25 41
64 33
2
13

175
27
148
69
7
52
11

41
13
28
15
_
13
-

45
9
36
10
1
25
“

9
1
8
5
3
_
-

14
10
4
1
3
-

1
1
_
_
"

£
8
_
8
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

12
6
6
70
_

_
_
-

4
4
2
_
-

1
1
_
_

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

186 139
73 42
113 97
50 66
25
8

27
20
7
1
-

41
39
2
-

4
3
1
-

2
1
1
“

-

14
14
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
_
-

119 156
11 37
108 119
62 27
18 32

224
7
217
6
17

28
17
11
3
6

28
3
25
5
6

10
4
6
2
4

339 187
64 40
275 147
48 24
188 93

238 120
54 56
184 64
64 22
87 19

136
21
115
30
18

43
9
34
11
23

9
6
3
2
31
14
17
2
15

7
3
4
2
22
21
1
1

3
3
1
“

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

~

-

664
142
522
128
67
276
40

496 282
95 28
401 254
162 64
20 18
164 109
39 42

172
34
138
93
11
11
23

51
8
43
11
32
'

12
8
4
_
3

8
6
2
2
_

23
6
17
_
17

3
3
_
_

_
_

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

659
31
628
90
38
432
26

13

-

-

_
_

-

7
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , N ew Y o r k , N. Y. , A p r il I96 0 )

Sex, occupation, and industry division
Women—Continued
Clerks, accounting, class A _________
M anufacturing____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public utilities 2 _______________
Wholesale trade _______________
Retail trade 3__-------------------------Finance 4 ---------------------------------Services ---------------------------------Clerks, accounting, class B _________
Manufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public utilities 2 _______________
Wholesale trade ----------------------Retail trade 3___________________
Finance 4 _______________________
Services _________________________
Clerks, file, class A __________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing_________________
Public utilities 2 -------------------------------Wholesale trade _______________
Finance 4 _________________________
Clerks, file, class B __________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Public utilities 2 ________________
Wholesale trade _________________
Retail trade 3 ___________________
Finance4 ________________________
Services ________________________
Clerks, order ------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Wholesale trade ________________
Retail trade 3 -------------------------------------Clerks, payroll _____________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _______________
Public utilities 2 ------------------------------Wholesale trade _______________
Retail trade 3 ____________________
Finance4 ---------------------------------------------Services _________________________
Comptometer operators _____________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Public utilities 2 -------------------------------Wholesale trade _________________
Retail trade 3 -------------------------------------Finance 4 _______________ _______
Services ---------------------------------See fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta b le .




NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME: WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
Av£RA(]B
Number Weekly j Weekly j 40. 00 *45. 00 %0. 00 %5. 00 %0. 00 I 5 . 00 ^0. 00 75. 00 80. 00 $ 00 $ 00 t 95.00 $100.00 S
85. 90.
of
105.00 $
110.00 t115.00 s120.00 S
125.00 130.00 *135.00 *140.00 *145.00
workers (Standard) (Standard) and
earnings
and
under
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130. 00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over
2, 929
736
2, 193
249
525
299
522
598
5, 638
1, 246
4, 392
474
763
1, 038
1, 207
910
3, 347
451
2, 896
170
467
1, 972
8, 472
1, 241
7, 231
591
716
610
4, 640
674
1, 891

909
982
735
240
2, 504
914
1, 590
137
357
325
387
384
3, 921
883
3, 038
426
600
1, 111
578
323

36. 5
36. 0
36. 5
36. 5
36. 5
37. 5
36. 0
36. 0
36. 5
36. 5
36. 5
37. 0
37. 0
37. 0
35. 5
36. 5
36. 0
35. 5
36. 0
36. 5
36. 0
36. 0
36. 0
36.0
36. 5
36. 5
37. 0
37. 0
36. 0
36. 0
37. 0
36. 0
38. 0
37. 5
39. 0
36. 5
37. 0
36. 5
36. 0
36. 0
37. 0
36. 0
36. 5
36. 5
36. 5
36. 5
36. 0
37. 0
36. 5
35. 0
36. 5

$88. 00
89. 00
87. 50
95. 50
91. 00
78. 00
86. 00
86. 50
69. 00
70. 50
69. 00
80. 00
75. 00
67. 00
63. 50
67. 50
69. 50
79. 00
68. 00
81. 50
71. 00
66. 00
57. 50
62. 50
56. 50
60. 50
59. 50
54. 00
55. 50
58. 00
71. 50
71. 00
71. 50
74. 00
65. 00
80. 00
79. 50
80. 00
83. 00
88. 00
70. 50
82. 50
78. 00
73. 50
80. 00
72. 00
78. 00
74. 00
69. 50
70. 00
72. 50

_
45
40
5
1
2
2
-

191
2
189

_

1

184
4
_
-

-

_
_

22
22
22
81
33
48
20
23
5
108
108

12
3
9
1
8
_
344
59
285
9
93
122
61
193
17
176
_
27
96 134
1210 1859
74 219
1136 1640
8
130
29 121
115 252
884 987
150
100
14 113
2
88
25
12
4
24
7
44
5
1
9
35
4
13
_
_
4
19
_
3

"

-

_

8

_

8

-

-

"

-

-

8
_

45 113
12
11 16
12
34 97
14 13
3
17 29
9
_
2 42
1 13
"
674 1050 877
119 232 194
555 818 683
12
37 61
51 104
39
203 161 119
209 347 293
92 222 106
341 538 734
20
28 97
321 510 637
4
8
29
62 109
9
273 402 442
2487 1254 770
289 247 134
2198 1007 636
212
73 71
191 196 107
147
53 40
1495 582 316
153 103 102
171 160 270
122
117 84
43 186
49
3
135
44
42 49
122
174 347
63
57 125
59 117 222
8
1
17
_
22
29
30
53 65
4
12
48
17
29 63
162
316 530 520
12
10
76 92
152 304 454 428
51 48
14
2
70
11
81
115 133 233 167
35 57
95 89
30
64 43
-

267
59
208
6
50
20
68
64
806
121
685
63
167
156
94
205
511
49
462
30
130
267
330
86
244
68
50
1
93
32
474
165
309
270
39
241
67
174
9
21
43
52
49
618
65
553
43
152
153
134
71

333
116
217
18
43
27
52
77
698
170
528
78
152
114
57
127
298
47
251
20
57
141
181
63
118
6
19
68

25
269
56
213
187
26
356
147
209
11
28
38
65
67
514
151
363
117
87
88
32
39

349
81
268
22
34
37
69
106
479
100
379
85
154
54
14
72
183
49
134
19
17
79
104
69
35
4
3
1
22

410
67
343
29
100
46
79
89
232
59
173
31
25
81
19
17
189
24
165
9
32
93
32
27
5

514 264
148 80
366 184
47 41
75 38
56 18
80 54
108 33
131 104
24 39
107 65
31 34
32 14
16 17
_
27
1
83 70
29 43
54 27
10 10
4
9
29 10
33 13
19
9
14
4

2

11

-

-

3
5
180 159
92 122
88
37
83 35
5
2
257 264
109 102
148 162
1
14
12
56
3
39
49 46
47 43
495 341
180 138
315 203
52 16
134 33
60 45
58 67
42
11

3
-

63
43
20
18

2

255 130
42 46
213 84
38
9
5
58
_
10
11 61
96
9
75 14
21 10
54
4
40
2
13
2
1
_
-

2

60
21
39
26
11
1
7
2
5
4

-

-

_
-

98
37
61
10
47
_
4
17
17
-

-

-

23
12
11
5
_
4

8
7
1

_

1
1

-

_

1
-

27
7
20
18
_
_
_
2
3
3
-

32
9
23
23
_
_

-

-

-

8
8

_

-

4
4
-

19
10
9
9
_
_
_
4
1
3
3
-

23
23
2
21
_
_
_
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
_
_
-

-

4
4
_
-

_
_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

3
3

-

2
2

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
-

-

-

-

314 135
101
52
213 83
24 19
101
36
26
2
30 12
32 14
136 113
71 30
65 83
25 28
14 14
21
23
_
5
18

108
41
67
3
18
44
2

83
30
53
21
2

26
4
-

-

-

27
5
22
-

7
-

6

9
54
17
37
10
-

20

7

52
8
44
15
6
3
8
12
20
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

35
20
15

2
1
1

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

16
2

14
9
5

2
1

1
-

1

"

-

_

2

1

1

_

_

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

9
-

6
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
1

1

-

-

9

-

-

"

7
7

-

-

2
12
-

-

-

2

1

1

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew Y ork , N. Y. , A p r i l I9 6 0 )
Ave
Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

S
*
W
eekly 1 Weekly 1 40. 00 45. 00 *50. 00 55. 00 *60. 00 &5. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 *C . 00 * 9 5 .0 0 foO.OG f 05.0 0 f 1 0.00 ^ 1 5 .0 0 \ 2 0 .0 0 ^.25.00 ^ 3 0 .0 0 *135.0C ^ 4 0 .0 0 *145.00
hours
earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 8 5. 00 90. 00 95. 00' 100 .00 105 .00 110 .00 115 .00 1 20.00 1 25 .00 130 .00 135 .00 140 .00 145 .00 o v e r

W o m e n — C ontinued
D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D i t t o ) ------ ----------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________

201
126

K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ___________________ *___
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------- ----------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________
R e t a il t r a d e 3 ___________________ ____
F in a n c e 4 __________________________
S e r v i c e s ____ „_______________________

6, 083
1, 178
4 ,9 0 5
1, 237
521
479
2, 4 04
264

36.
36.
36.
37.
36.
37.
36.
36.

5
5
5
0
5
0
0
0

68.
70.
68.
69.
71.
63.
67.
69.

O ffic e g i r l s --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------- ,--------------------- ----N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 -------------------------------F in a n ce
---------------- ---- ---------------------

267
1, 947
286
1, 374

36'.
35.
36.
35.
36.

0
5
0
5
0

216
322
894
748
138
164
374
470

36.
35.
36.
37.
36.
37,
36.
35.

475
215
260
556
303
613
5, 453
1, 335

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n ic a l __________ ____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________ _
F in a n c e 4 ____________________________ _

-

4
4

31
25

36
21

48
17

30
16

36
36

7
4

9
3

-

-

50
50
00
50
50
50
00
00

3
3
1
2

161
38
123
60
25
38
-

300
29
271
83
8
47
112
21

687
118
569
158
15
60
333
3

1258
204
1054
280
20
138
577
39

1109
131
978
134
164
80
507
93

905
248
657
193
51
78
282
53

831
180
651
184
97
31
313
26

374
93
281
63
39
19
148
12

197
67
130
36
18
68
8

141
32
109
51
34
17
7

55.
60.
54.
52.
55.

00
00
50
50
50

37
5
32
6

233
32
201
33
75

936
64
872
209
594

601
56
545
37
482

?30
16
214
7
146

99
45
54
44

35
28
7
5

24
2
22
22

11
11
-

6
6
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

0
5
0
0
5
0
0
5

91.
95.
89.
96.
92.
89.
89.
86.

50
00
50
00
00
00
50
00

_
_
_
-

8
8
_
1
5
2

68
6
62
1
10
19
32

4 24
40
384
61
51
19
112
141

1257
330
927
64
64
54
308
437

2843
689
215 4
120
231
98
779
926

4127
1270
2857
321
432
111
909
1084

4936
1230
3706
314
611
172
1412
1197

4757
1279
3478
323
796
155
1136
1068

4920
1509
3411
287
8 54
147
1117
1006

3438
9 45
2493
296
724
139
833
501

36.
35.
36.
37.
35.
36.
36.
36.

0
5
0
0
5
0
0
0

74.
79.
72.
78.
77.
71.
69.
74.

50
00
50
00
00
00
00
50

_
_
_
_
_
-

2
_
2
_
_
2

254
10
244
2
1
239
2

749
65
684
80
22
19
546
17

2169
351
1818
141
202
138
1214
123

2561
545
2016
228
334
100
1127
227

2489
707
1782
232
312
160
778
300

2566
690
1876
191
446
128
813
298

1818
572
1246
160
519
20
403
144

1330
571
759
95
254
19
225
166

750
290
460
321
41
17
68
13

641
336
132
133

36.
36.
37.
36.

0
0
0
0

90.
83.
85.
79.

00
00
50
00

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
10
1
6

46
44
23
21

59
51
12
23

49
38
13
16

43
28
13
15

107
62
21
39

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s --- -------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ___ _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 -------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------,------------------ _
R e t a il tr a d e 3 -------------------------------------F in a n c e 4 _____________________________
S e rv ice s
___________________________

6, 401
985
5, 416
682
745
424
2, 082
1, 483

36.
36.
37.
37.
36.
38.
36.
37.

5
0
0
5
5
0
0
5

72.
78.
71.
79.
74.
64.
71.
69.

50
00
50
50
50
00
50
00

43
43
18
_
25

272
3
269
9
3
63
168
26

214
9
205
16
23
62
58
46

1155
58
1097
38
48
90
293
628

1002
212
790
65
75
57
360
233

1083
162
921
132
213
72
374
130

1048
129
919
140
164
33
4 04
178

624
153
471
86
120
11
179
75

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g ________________________ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ------------------------- _
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______ _____________
F in a n c e 4 __________________________ _
S e r v i c e s _____________ ___________ ______

2, 472
936
1, 536
162
604
218
456

37.
37.
37.
37.
37.
36.
37.

0
0
0
5
0
5
0

72.
73.
72.
74.
74.
70.
70.

50
00
50
00
50
50
00

16
16
_
5
11

71
4
67
8
26
10
22

52
3
49
1

246
109
137
44
20
15
54

492
184
308
24
79
78
107

452
248
204
7
107
23
52

505
154
351
18
186
47
78

341
120
221
28
99
4
80

_

4

S e c r e t a r ie s -----------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------------------—
R e t a il tr a d e 3 ________________________
F in a n c e 4 _____________ ___ ______________
S e r v i c e s ______________________________

36,
11,
24,
2,
5,
1,
8,
7,

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l - ________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________ __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e -------------------------------R e t a il tr a d e 3 ----------------- --------^__
F in a n c e 4 — ---------------------------------------S e r v i c e s --------------------------------- ,---------

15,
4,
11,
1,
2,

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta b le .




36. 0
35. 5

$63. 50
63. 50

_
_
12
12
_

_
-

_

14
34

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3
_
-

3
3
3
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

8
8
_
-

-

-

_
_
-

-

-

-

2673
996
1677
205
509
79
493
391

1848
738
1110
127
321
51
429
182

1306
477
829
162
229
61
267
110

1152
483
669
180
114
25
166
184

836
407
429
72
151
10
128
68

576
317
259
81
24
15
71
68

265
170
95
27
6
4
50
8

224
149
75
10
9
5
48
3

198
115
83
46
2
20
15

360
172
188
52
9
8
72
47

357
178
179
49
76
2
38
14

198
82
116
39
70
3
2
2

146
106
40
12
25
2
1

44
26
18
2
2
1
13

34
18
16
2
1
13

4
4
-

3
3
2
1
-

-

-

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

98
45
17
5

77
25
2
5

71
31
28
3

30
1
1
-

22
1
1
-

6
-

2
-

172
47
125
59
8
2
30
26

69
20
49
39
4
6
-

18
13
5
2
3
-

5
2
3
3

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

3
-

_
-

280
63
217
74
2
7
82
52

2
-

_
-

414
112
302
22
89
5
122
64

14
-

133
50
83
7
60
4

109
55
54
11
19
22
2

7
7
-

8
8

16
2
14
14

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

8
“

~

“

-

-

-

-

64
24
40
22
9
1
8
_
-

39
6
33
33
_
-

"

-

-

"

12
12
-

12

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

"

“

"

“

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

-

9

Table A-l. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew Y ork , N. Y. , A p r il I9 6 0 )
Avebaqe
Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

%

t
t
s
*
S
S
$
$
S
S
1
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
Weekly!
Weekly j 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90 . 00 9 5 .0 0 100 .00 105 .00 1 10 .00 115 .00 120 .00 1 25 .00 130 .00 1 35 .00 1 40 .00 1 45.00
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) u and
and
n d er
4 5. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 qn. on 95. 00 100 .00 105 .00 1 10 .00 1 1 5 .00 120 .00 125 .00 1 30 .00 135 .00 140 .00 1 45 .00 o v e r

W om en — C on tin u ed
—
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________

126
100

36. 5
36. 5

$ 9 7 . 00
96. 50

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B --------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________
F in a n ce 4 -----------------------------------------

1, 042
971
306

36. 0
36. 0
37. 0

79. 50
79. 00
81. 50

T ab u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s C
________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________

313
284

37. 0
37. 0

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ___________________________________
M anufa c tur i n g ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
F in a n c e 4 ----------------------------------------

2. 522
607
1, 915
719
970

36.
36.
36.
36.
35.

T y p is t s , c l a s s A _________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
R e t a il t r a d e 3 --------------------------------F in a n c e 4 _________________________
S e r v i c e s -------------------- -----------------

8, 960
1, 438
7, 522
8 25
910
183
4, 317
1, 287

T y p is t s , c l a s s B
--------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N on m a nuf a c tur i n g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------------------R e t a il tr a d e 3 -----------------------------------F in a n c e 4 __________________________
S e r v i c e s _____________________________

13, 337
2, 259
11, 078
592
1, 046
553
7, 382
1, 505

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

72. 50
72. 00

-

-

0
0
0
0
5

72.
76.
71.
71.
69.

00
50
00
00
50

-

36. 0
35. 5
36. 0
36. 5
. 3 6 .0
36. 5
36. 0
35. 5

70.
76.
69.
71.
74.
68.
66.
73.

00
00
00
50
50
00
00
50

_
-

36.
36.
36.
37*
36.
36.
36.
36.

0
0
0
5
0
5
0
5

62.
66.
61.
67.
66.
60.
60.
64.

50
50
50
50
50
50
00
00

"

34
34
34
“

-

-

-

-

"

2
2

6
6

10
10
-

53
53
16

112
112
17

171
163
26

159
158
60

11
11

10
10

13
9

67
63

83
82

84
68

"

38
4
34
33

179
12
167
44
114

498
78
420
189
203

418
83
335
108
201

417
114
303
91
161

29
29
29
-

278
_
278
96
7
149
26

845
16
829
88
15
6 14
112

1861
190
1671
139
193
42
1136
161

1944
245
1699
108
168
35
1147
241

1436
214
1222
150
155
47
6 94
176

548
32
516
23
395
98

1593
236
1357
10
42
87
1149
69

3015
360
2655
115
176
159
2057
148

3065
410
2655
170
260
112
1692
421

2378
408
1970
100
263
93
1194
320

1382
310
1072
80
102
62
571
257

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

* "

43
36

10
6

25
21

7
3

4
3

9
9

2

135
106
91

30
29
17

31
26
8

32
32
-

27
13
6

4
2
-

_
-

-

13
11

22
22

8
8

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

359
104
255
97
122

253
64
189
72
74

199
57
142
93
24

75
42
33
17
14

32
24
8
2
6

24
16
8
3
1

15
6
9
3
5

4
3
1
1

1
1
1

3
3
3

3
3
3

2
2
2

"

-

2
2
2

1032
315
717
61
115
25
287
229

608
206
402
38
102
1
141
120

351
86
265
4
80
3
57
121

213
54
159
7
38
7
50
57

137
46
91
40
21
1
5
24

148
32
116
94
17
1
4

49
20
29
12
1
16

13
3
10
9
1
-

6
1
5
5

2
2
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

4
4
"

2
2
"

14
10

25
21

_
-

_

-

_
-

-

-

4
_
_
-

1
1
1
-

.
-

_

_
_

.
_
-

-

-

745
219
526
46
128
6
229
117

278
26 ? ”
65

315
135
180
33
33

1
47
66

168
92
76
9
42
3
13
9

54
26
28
21
6
1
"

4
4

4

"

S tandard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 E x c lu d e s l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
4 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




1
1

8
8

9
5

“

-

-

“

-

_
"

10

Ta b le A -la . O ffic e O ccu p a tio n s— C e n tra l O ffic e s
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
in c e n t r a l o f f i c e s , N ew Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r i l I96 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avkraob

Number
of
workers

S ex and o c c u p a t io n

$

%

%

%

S
$
S
S
$
S
$
S
$
s
$
$
$
1
t
I
S
t
Weekly t Weekly j 4 0 . 00 4 5. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0. 00 9 5 .0 0 1 00.00 105 .00 110 .00 1 15.00 120 .00 1 25.00 1 3 0 .0G 135.00 140 .00 1 45.00
hours
earnings
and
and
“
(Standard! (Standard) u n d e r
~
4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70, 00 75. 00 80. 00 8 5. 00 9 0. 00 9 5. 00 100.00 1 05.00 110 .00 115.00 1 20.00 125 .00 1 30.00 135.00 140.00 145 .00 o v e r

M en

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _____________
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ___________
O ffic e b o y s __ ______ _________________________
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B __________________________________
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ____________________________________

595
200
1, 146

35. 0
35. 5
36. 0

$ 9 7 . 00
81. 00
56. 00

161

325

3
310

12
37
176

14
16
50

30
34
19

84
31
4

80
24
7

45
16
21

49
1

36
3
12

55
5

47
5

17
15

16
9

44
2

21
1

10
-

7
1

6
-

2

3

1

"

61

'

"

"

'

'

19
-

107

3 5 .5

1 0 3 .0 0

3

9

10

22

33

5

8

9

1

1

283

3 5 .5

84. 50

■

“

_

■

6

3

18

74

66

32

38

24

8

4

2

1

6

1

152

3 6; 5

66. 00

"

"

11

9

33

64

18

8

2

4

2

“

-

1

~

'

"

185
429
740
332
876
198
1, 012
1, 029
163
6, 896
3 ,4 2 0
512

35. 5
36. 0
36. 5
3 5 .5
36. 0
3 6. 5
36. 0
3 6 .5
35. 0
3 6. 0
3 5 .5
36. 0

8 1. 50
89. 00
70. 50
82. 00
6 2 .5 0
78. 50
75. 00
68. 50
56. 00
9 9. 00
78. 50
76. 50

2
3
79
4
319
4
50
76
16

8
11
101
22
119
22
141
250

49
51
60
24
47
18
136
85

21
51
22
28
15
12
77
32

28
15
21
2
11
36
4

3
19
16
5
1
3
9

3
3
3
6
2
_
-

8
4
1
_
-

10
1
1
_
-

-

_
-

4
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

46
10

5
372
40

640
624
71

671
336
91

703
360
36

16
54
23
22
19
19
47
17
6
838
230
26

7
49
31
45
9
3
28
10

10
7

21
27
64
27
59
21
113
169
21
292
588
88

40
86
75
38
36
53
164
117

4

12
7
124
78
68
19
144
209
3
140
4 88
100

3
14
7
10
-

_
30
21

4
35
2
172
7
52
30
96

609
140
28

630
78
10

440
102
1

384
24
■

447
18

348
4

246
_

116
~

132
-

93
“

162
-

367
925
1, 108

35. 5
35. 5
35. 5

81. 50
75. 00
66. 50

_
30

26
253

19
114
295

24
167
218

49
174
111

86
193
75

51
119
52

63
22
39

32
31
25

20
32
10

17
31

6
14

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

W om en

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s R
O la r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
C le r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s B _____________
C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ---------- ---------------------C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B _____________________
m a r k s , p a y r o ll
flo m p t o m a ta r o p e r a t o r * ,
.........
K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s
______________________
O ffic e g ir ls .
......
S e c r e t a r i e s --------------------------------------------------S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ___________________
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ____________ _______
T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ^__
_
_______________
T y p is t s , c l a s s A ________ _________________
T y p is t s , c l a s s B ___________________________

_
_

_
_

40
_
_
-

40
10

_
_
_

15
-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .




C e n tr a l ( o r d i s t r i c t a d m in is t r a t iv e ) o f f i c e s a r e e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in g e n e r a l a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , p u r c h a s in g ,
a c c o u n tin g , and o t h e r m a n a g e m e n t fu n c tio n s p e r f o r m e d c e n t r a lly f o r the o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t s o f the s a m e co m p a n y .
T h e y a r e c l a s s i f i e d on the
b a s is o f the m o s t a p p r o p r ia t e m a jo r in d u s t r y g ro u p r e p r e s e n tin g the p r im a r y a c t iv it y o f the e s t a b lis h m e n t s s e r v e d .
T h e m a jo r it y o f c e n t r a l o f f i c e s w e r e c l a s s i f i e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g ; the r e m a in d e r w e r e in r e t a il t r a d e , p u b lic u t il it i e s , and w h o le s a le t r a d e .
T h e y a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly r e p r e s e n t e d in the e s t im a t e s f o r t h e s e m a jo r g ro u p s and f o r a l l in d u s t r ie s and n on m a n u fa ctu r in g in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s .

11

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r i l I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

AvxkjlO
z
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
Weekly t U n der
earnings
hours
(Stsnderdl (Standard) $

65. 00

% 00
65.

%

%

%

t

»
1
$
S
S
I
$
$
f
S
9 5 .0 0 100 .00 1 05 .00 1 1 0 .00 115 .00 1 2 0 .00 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 135 .00 1 4 0 .00 1 4 5 .00 1 50 .00 1 55.00 1 6 0 .00 165 .00
and
and
und er
70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0. 00 9 5 . 00 100.00 105 .00 110 .00 1 1 5 .00 120 .00 1 25 .00 1 3 0 .00 1 3 5 .00 140 .00 1 45 .00 1 5 0 .00 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .00 1 65 .00 o v e r

70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 85. 00 9 0. 00

M en
563

38. 5 $170. 00
3575" 1 7 1 .0 0
38. 5 1 6 9 .5 0

D r a ft s m e n , l e a d e r ________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------- -----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------

395

D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r -----------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s 4 ______. ____________
R e t a il tra d e 5 _______________________
S e r v i c e s ____________________________

3, 665
1 ,2 9 7
2, 3o8
93
101
1 ,9 9 4

38. 5
37. 5
39. 5
36. 5
3 7 .0
40. 0

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r _______ *_______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4
________________
S e r v ic e s ________________________

1, 866
697
1, 169
152
868

38.
38.
38.
35.
39.

T r a c e r s ____________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________

102
59

39. 0
38. 5

582
23(5
352
87
t>9
126

37.
38.
3t>.
37.
38.
36.

fo g -

5
5
5
5
5

128. 00
1 1 9 .5 0
133. 00
1 2 3 .5 0
132. 00
1 3 3 .5 0

9 0.
83.
94.
81.
97.

50
00
50
50
50

83. 00
73. 50

-

_
-

~

"

-

_

-

_

-

_

14

-

-

-

-

-

17
17

14

“

1
1

"

2
2

1

.

20

6

-

-

-

1

"

20

4
2

_
-

35
31
4
4
-

38
18
20
8
12

161
118
43
17
18

261
150
111
5
105

188
106
82
2
4
65

311
103
208
2
15
173

285
152
133
6
6
107

300

"

20
16
4
1
3

174
7
11
138

323
134
189
o
170

331
95
236
19
14
202

162
74
88
34
34

120
o4
5b
16
26

257
109
148
16
121

223
136
87
13
66

252
76
176
17
127

168
33
135
11
108

88
33
55
3
50

37
11
26
1
25

126
24
102
3
79

73
6
67
1
65

57
57
2
40

30
30
30

21
1
20
20

22
19

7
7

13
2

5
5

7
7

_

6

5

_

10

5

5

_

'

6 .

"

‘

‘

‘

_
-

16
1o
6
2
8

40
18
22
10
1
11

48
14
34
10
9
12

55
24
31
4
14
11

95

84
*8
46
24
9
10

44
14
30
1
6
14

3o
28
8
4
1

18
15
3
-

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

-

“

30
12
18
4
7

186
116
70
30
40

13

"

-

6 17

.
-

“

12 6

“

'

168
4l
127
2
4

no

8
8
5
_

*

6
6

1

298

75

223
14
12
163

17
2
15

56
24"
32

211
31
180
2
154

1
1
1

17
4
13

83

118
34
84
2
2
80

181

285
4
260

172
4
2
160

138
45
93
5
14
74

1
1
-

.
-

-

-

_
-

-

_

_

.

294

26
1
25
25

-

-

_

_

_

"

-

id

73

d

*

*3 2 3
* 102
221

-

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ________
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------P u b lic u tilitie s
----------------------------R e t a il tra d e 5
F in a n c e 7

4
-------------------------------------------------------- ------------

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

0
0
5
0
0
0

9 6.
100.
93.
93.
93.
91.

50
50
50
00
00
00

8
8
8

-

-

37....
58
13
17
24

102
19
83
13
8
22

-

2

16
7
9
1
1
2

6
4
2
1

6
5
1

-

-

1

1

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo l lo w s : 90 at $ 1 6 5 to $ 1 7 5 ; 127 at $ 1 7 5 to $ 1 8 5 ; and 106 at $ 1 8 5 and o v e r .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 21 at $ 1 6 5 t o $ 1 7 5 ; 43 at $ 1 7 5 to $ 1 8 5 ; and 38 at $ 1 8 5 and o v e r .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
E x c lu d e s l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
I n clu d e s 3 w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g and 3 in n on m a n u fa ctu r in g at u n d er $ 6 0 .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .

NOTE:

S ee n ote on p.




5,

r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s

1
1

-

2
2

-

-

4
3
1

-

1

-

-

-

1
1

-

12

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r i l I96 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly 1
earnings

$
U n der 1. 80
and
$
1. 80

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

~
~

52
52
52

84
3
81
1
5
2
73

44
20
24
1
3
3
17

64
30
34
2
1
19
12

19
10
9
2
4
3

90
90
90

26
7
19
2
17

20
20
1
4
5
10

113
59
54
3
9
26
16

50
5
45
2
10
33
"

.

25
25

14
14
1
_
1
12

50
10
40
3
3
5
29

37
37
4
19
14

r i% T

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______ __ --------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _________________________ . _
R e t a il t r a d e 3
------------------ ------- ---------F in a n c e 4 — ------- ------------------ — - ----S e r v i c e s ---------------------------------------------------------

1, 039
344
695
127
204
173
181

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

67
78
62
78
86
67
17

-

■

■

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce ____________ ___________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______ _______________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g -------- -------- -------- ---------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
________ ______________
R e t a il tra d e 3 -----------------------------------------------F in a n c e 4 ___________________ ,_____ -__________
S e r v i c e s _ _ „ ---------------------------------

1 ,5 9 3
83 r
756
180
126
257
193

2. 78
2 .9 1
2. 64
2. 76
2. 85
2. 71
2. 29

_
-

■

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y „ __ _____________ _______
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ _____ _______________ ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __ __________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________________
R e t a il tra d e 3 ________________________________
F in a n c e 4 ______ ________ _ _____ _____ __
S e r v i c e s ___ ________________ _ ______ __

1 ,6 1 0
644
966
172
116
372
265

2. 97
3.
2. 81
2. 86
3 .0 1
2. 85
2. 61

.
-

.
-

-

“

-

-

5
20

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o il e r __ ___ ______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ _ — _____
__ ____ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ...................... __ ...................

632

323
62

2 .4 8
2. 79
2. 19
2. 39

34
2
32
“

62
l6
46

52
52
“

15
7
8
3

34
20
14
9

39
21
18
-

71
10
61
21

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce _________ __ ___
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ ___________________ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________ ._________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 „ ------------------------ ---------S e r v i c e s ------------- ----------- -------------------------------

1 ,4 4 4
575
869
610
90

2. 23
2. 21
2. 25
2. 29
1 .9 1

‘ 104
64
40
1
28

67
63
4
-

69
27
42
•1
37

92
55
37
33
-

198
77
121
99
16

190
81
109
88
8

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce ________ __ ________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------ ------------- --------------------- —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___ ____________ _____ __

1, 447
1, 36 1
86

2 .9 0
2 .9 0
2. 85

_
-

_
-

29
29
■

86
86

~

_
"

_

33

-

-

19
19
-

30
17
13

54
54

-

58

36
32

m ~

ti

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n ce ) _ _______
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________ __ __________
_____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _

2 ,7 1 0
5oT~
2, 109
1, 609

2.
2.
2.
2.

65
80
61
63

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e _________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________ _____
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __________ _________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s 2 ____________________________

1, 867
1 ,2 7 6
591
246

2.
2.
2.
2.

75
77
71
85

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f ta b le.




-

4
4
-

1
-

1
-

1
-

•

1

33
5
a

4

54

4

66
18
48
31
6
11 !
86
45
41
15
1
24
1

$
|
$
1$
i
2. 50 |$ 60 I 2. 70
2.
2. 80
1
2. 60 _ 2 . 7 0. 2. 80; 2. 90

$
3. 30

118
16
1026
27
45
24

67
10
57
2
54
1
-

21
11
10
7
1
2
-

47
37
10
9
1
-

13
12
1
1
-

129
95
34
17
3
14
”

137
66
71
41
4
25

120
"T ffi
16
4
5
6

104
31
73
32
36
5
-

32
22
10
1
8
1
-

56
55
1
-

1

188
67
121
26
69
26

106
69
37
1
36

1

225
110
115
62
12
11
30

68
52
16
4

28
18
10

413
35
378
277
"

173
46
127
109
-

54
50
4
2
"

46
40
6
"

3
2
1
-

70
68
2

39
39
■

50
47
3

183
165
18

91
66

106
106

5
2

55
22

3

3
3

725
12
713
674

502
163
339
268

449

33

51
42
9

43
14
29

140
136

4

3

145
47
98
95

409
340
69
21

116
82
34
13

52—

136
79
" "35“ ' —
10 1
37
25
10
34
7
36
9
6
11

3T

1

46
.... 1 6 ...
30
11
19
-

$
3. 50

$
3. 60

$
3. 70
3. 80

13
13
_
-

1
1
1
-

8
1
7
7
_

11
11
_
-

$
3. 80
and
over

4
3
1
1
_
_
-

25
25
-

4
3
1
1
-

49
20
18
8
1

7
7
7
-

-

1
119

1
1
-

67
r~ 5 r“

-

-

4
3
1
1
-

-

11

-

2
2
1
1
-

-

49
49'
-

-

5
1
-

4

66

73
73
_
-

— vr
19
-

3

5 128
F28
_
-

_
-

48
48
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

-

"

-

-

"

-

“

.
-

34
54
-

-

1
1
_

.
-

_

.

-

_

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

64
64
“

95
95

17
7
10

4
4
-

135
135
■

21
21
-

_

58
58
-

5
5
-

12
3
9
9

33
33
-

1
-

132
132
-

19
19
-

2
2
_

29
28
1
-

1
1

.

.
-

-

183
156
33

4t

10

38
34
4

146
145
1

38
38
“

286
155
131
109

118
85
35
30

78
24
54
35

58
4
54
45

89

100
4
96
96

179
154
25

204
144
60

47

48
26
22

5

15
434
267

300
181
i3 ~ "
255
129
74
10
16
147
60
3
45

-

$
3. 40

^ 5 . 0 _ JL-&CL. 3. 70

_ 3 .3 0 _

162
38
124
58
46
10
-

50
23
27
16

4

.3. Q0 _ 3. 10__ 3. 20

$
3. 20

57
22
35
32
2
1

50
l5
35
8

28

$
3. 10

133
39
94
9
13
72
"

57
Z5
37
22
15

■

$
3. 00

55
50
5
1
2
2

135
89
59 — 7T“
50
64
15
5
6
1
17
9
12
44

75
-------* 71
14
15
42

$
2 .9 0

4

52

4

43

4

-

89
42
55
l6
39
6

23

3
20
20

-

-

-

-

-

-

76
76
76

60
60
-

13
13
-

4
4
-

!

13
Table A*3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m en in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N ew Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r i l I96 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

M illw r ig h ts ---------------- ------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

187
167

Average,
$
hourly 1 U n der 1. 80
earnings
and
un d er
1. 80
1 .9 0

$ 2 . 81
2. 83

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
!$
2. 10
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
;$
j$
I$
2. 50 j 2. 60 1 2, 70 j 2. 80

2. 00

2. 10

i
2. 20 ! 2 .3 0 _ 2. 40
j
!

2 .5 0

2. 60 ; 2. 70 1 2. 80 i 2.. 90
1
j

16
■

■

“

~

------1— !

r i

O il e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________

316
246
70

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ----------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________________
R e ta il t r a d p 3
F in a n c e 4 ____________________________________
S e r v i c e s _____________________________________

1 ,0 1 3
147
94
293
479

P ip e f it t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________________

P lu m b e r s , m a in te n a n ce __________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______ ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
F in a n ce 4 ____________________________________
S e r v i c e s _____________________________________

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in te n a n ce ____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------- --------- -------------------------____________________________
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
4

1, 221

247
18l>

385
56
329
145
117

85

63

1, 340
T , '3 0 ¥ "

S ee n ote on p.




“

2. 32
2. 37
2. 14

27
27
“

19
19

37
34
3

27

■

37
2?
10

67
36
31

14
1'2
2

25
25
~

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

10
4
6
-

5
5
-

229
4
225
1

6

5

191
2
189
3
1
185

70
4
66
1
5
35
25

49
19
30
11
1
9
9

183
29
154
4
4
146
■

.

.

2. 76
2. 75

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

49
63
46
66
03

2. 78
2. 79
3. 03
3 . 03

~

224

7
7

.
_

7
7

10
10

“

2
2
2

72
72
72

10
10
9

19
19
1
16

11
1
10
2
8

_

.

.

.

.

.

■

-

*
-

-

■

■

.

.

_

_

_

11
— rr~

5 , r e la t iv e t o the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .

1
1

42
40

8
4

3

t

42
3
39
31
7

25
15

19
14
5
2
3

-

12
12
“

4
4
“

_
-

71
48
23
11
10
2

!

75
20
55
48
1
6
-

24
13
11
1
4
6

76
16
60
33
8
19
-

12
12

_

33
~£7

23
'

18 “
5
“

59
5
54
46
-

4
4

12
6

8
2

17.
31
31— -----17

11
11

19
18

8
8

■
14
10
4
1
■
7
7
256
T 5F "

3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3. 20

$
3. 30

3. 10 _ 3. 20

3f 30

3 .4 0

88
68

86
2
84
48
_
24
... 17 ‘
90
90

58
58

7
7

_

1

8
8

_
-

“

11
6
5

50
11
39
18
10
6
5

39
64
34
74
78
50
04

2.1

42
32

i

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
E x c lu d e s li m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 87 at $ 3 . 8 0 to $ 3 . 9 0 ; and 41 at $ 3 . 9 0 and o v e r .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 3at u n d er $ 1 . 4 0 ;
45 at $ 1 . 4 0
to $ 1 . 6 0 ; and
56 at $ 1 . 6 0 to $ 1 . 8 0 .

NOTE:

1

12

!
j
i

|

1$
$
2. 90 j 3. 00

“

_
_

91
6
85
10
11
52
12

42
42
5
32
5
-

j

25
3

17
17
13
*
3

91
9l

21
21

8
8
1
■
18
l8
224
189 “

20
10
10
8
2

%

3. 40

$
3. 50

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0
and

3. 50

3. 60

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

over

“

-

-

*

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

36

-

3l

.
-

_

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

_*
-

3
3
3

!
1
-

19
10
9
8
1

_
-

11
11
-

1
1
1
_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

*

“

~

-

2
■

.

.

_

.

_

“

~

■

14
14

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

2
2
-

-

1
1
-

*

-

“

-

-

~

_

_

*

_

_

.

_

1

■

“

■

1

9

9
9

6

-

-

■
135
135

-

*
107
1TH

315
315

_

_

9
9

9

6

14
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
^ A vera ge s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r i l I9 6 0 )

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings a

$

1 .0 0

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
R e ta il trad e 4
S e r v ic e s

--------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------

_______ * -------------------------------------------

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (w o m e n )
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------S e r v ic e s

--------------------------------------------

1 .5 0

S
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

120 2

1624

4
1198

1 .4 0

3

58

114

4
958

3

5

37

28

41

44

13

1 .6 1

148
33
115

197
50
147

1562

15

62

13
89
40

47
1422
52

1185
33
1152
13
19
1081
35

5

62
7

3
3
-

1
1
-

8
8

7
7
-

27
27
12

357
357
284

44
44
38

65
62
44

169
169
47

43
43
13

42
42
38

5
5
2

1

-

298

216
216
-

249
249
-

388
388
-

118
118
-

88
36
52
_

114
19
95
-

293
34
259

27
16

84
6

218
28

353
56
297
29
17
251
-

891
143
748
65
17
430
236

448
150
298
38

2
113

194
23
171
4
q
151
7

906
151
755
27
30
136
175
387

1705
2o$
1500
22
65
146
972
295

3319
181
3138
85
92
118
333
2510

1684
326
1358
714
43
148
217
2 36

2916
591
2325
190
62
98
1366
609

2900
576
2321
218
20
52
1019
1012
97
1
96

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) -------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________

1 9 ,6 7 7
4 , 390
15, 287
1 548
' 468
1 872
4 , 635
6 , 764

1. 77
1 . 79
1. 76
1 4.
J.. Q
1 . 66
1 .4 6
1. 87
1. 73

4 96
111
385

551
220
331

1563
451
1112

751
304
447

g

7

20
115
12
238

30
287
14

20
■i-iq
114
631

9
253
14
164

738
231
507
20
53
130
17
287

12

63
17
46
36

237
28
209
28

157

486
23
463
75
51
78

5750
146
5602
41
2811
2586

3206
29
3177
57
1935
1 14-Q

348
57
291
18
Q4
176

128
26
102
15
32
44

35
25
10

10

847
8
839
69
376
365

536
353
183

759
316
443
4
232
204

1071
747
324
1
126
197

490
302
188
3
41
112

y*t

-

5

8

E
.

1 . 66

-

1. 56
1 .4 4
1 .5 8
1. 55

12
12

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d l i n g ----------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g
________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 4 --------------------------------------------

16, 840
57640
1 0 ,2 0 0
4 , 976
2 , 611
2 ,4 8 5

2 . 11
2 .0 8
2. 12
2. 35
1 .9 8
1. 82

159
151
8

166
72
94

477
187

290

873
215
658

_
-

_
_

_

_

-

8

92

40
249

380
254

30
146

789
279
510
210
120
173

O r d e r f i l l e r s _______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

5, 511
1, 717
3, 794
3 ,0 1 3
552

2 .0 2
1 .8 1
2. 12
2. 12
2 .0 8

116
II6

98
89
9

262
230
32

-

8

27

83
44
39
21
17

202
48
154
126
26

175
61
114
94
19

430
145
285
230
54

750
253
497
410
87

158
38
120
100
18

4 , 978
2 , 732
2, 2 46
1 ,4 5 9
713

1 .7 8
" 1 .7 5 “
1 .8 2
1. 83
1 . 77

54
54

66
66

_

_

160
87
73
9
64

587
295
292
210
74

394
264
190
129
61

548
259
289
218
71

703
413
290
122
156

36
36
A

56
54
44

105
165
*0

33
8

84
24
60

113
' II
102
20
71
11

s h i p p i n g ( w o m e n ) --------------------------------------------

P p ta il

__________________________

^

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s --------------------------------- --------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------ *-------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 4 -------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




1. 56

-

298

1 1 ,2 7 1
402
1 0 ,8 6 9
354
5 322
4 583

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

5
2

79
4
75
75

24

1 . 69
1. 69
1. 67

372

P ack ers,

1
123

624

242

^

51

64

211

P p ta il

6

30

_
298

W h o l e s a l e t r a d e — - __________________
_
R e t a i l t r a d e 4 --------------------------------------------

57

52

2 .0 4
1 .3 9

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ( m e n ) ______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________ W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ___________________________ ________

273
85
188
64

-

1, 863
1, 571

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s (w o m e n ) —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------R p f a i 1 f r a /lft ^
T *i n a n f p ®
T

i

-

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

i

2 . 60 i 2 . 70 2 . 80 2 . 90 3 .0 0

2 .2 0

1^59

g

1 . 82
2 .0 8
1. 78
2. 27

W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ____________________
Rofrail ti* a Ho 4
F i n a n c e 5 ------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------

2 .5 0

js

35
1117
36

4 ,3 8 9
597
3, 792
255

]\!nrtm ar»nfa r*tn ri njr
t u D i i c u ^i 1i fl e s ^
i x n u fl

$
is
$
$
$
2. 50 2 . 60 j 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0

2 . 10

431
308
183

1. 74
1 .6 5
1 . 61

1, 516
531
985
381
500
55

2 .0 5
2 .2 4
1 .9 4
2 . 18
1 .7 8
1 .6 0

%

3 .0 0

$
$
3. 10 3 .2 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

%

3 .3 0

$
$
3 .4 0 3 .5 0

3. 30

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

and

1.2 0

G u a r d s ______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ---------------------------F in a n c e 5
S e r v ic e s

$
2 .4 0

2 .2 0 1 2. 30 2 .4 0

2 . 10

962

$
2 .3 0

$

$
$
1. 90 2 .0 0

1 . 60

1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

120
6

290

778
-------- 775“
478

1 .3 0

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$

68
10

5, 716

' 995

1 .4 0

89
89

10

3l2.

1 .2 0 1 .3 0

5
5

$ 1 . 84
2 . 01
1 .8 2

6 ,0 7 8

1 .1 0

and
under

1 . 10
E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( m e n ) ----M a n u fa c t u r in g
_________________________

$

$

-

-

_
-

_
_
_

“

4

-

450
307
236 r i r r
71
177
13t- i
45
26
44

24
24
24

4

15
4
11

25
2
23

46
3"
43

11

23
"

30
13

-

-

-

4
4

-

46
46
aa

69 '
'
69 |
1
57 1
12

57

1 2

g

! 153 1 173
1 4 4 j
! 1 0 9 ! 116
59
i
35
I
53 1 47
6

5T

1 5

3

42 !
41!
It
-i

7

_
-

2
2

.
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

4'
_1

6
6
6

1
1
1

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

_

2

8

-

332
44
288
15

123 1
9:
114;
2|

66
24;
42 '
16 |

239!
32!

112 i
- |

26
-

-

-

152
123
29
23

69
67
2
2

17
IT

8
8

-

44!
29!
15

10
16

21
21

_

-

-

-

1
1

2
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

81

2

.

-

-

286
2 86

2

-

132
132

81
81

561 !
4 4 6 ; 318 •
8 19 i 243 j
136!
86
22 ;
1
2i
35
12 i
336
54
290
89
24
6
18

8i
8 1
_j
-1
1
“ 1

6
6

1

1265

j
|

!

1

_|

11

g

242
10

3!
3J

over

10
1
2

76
128
58
76
70
41
24
_|
52
29
-

3!
ll
2
2

4 :
4

2

18
14
4

5
5

15
15

IQ
A

2

16

338
143
195
2
138
54

965
689
276
7
216
41

626
42
200
111
30
43

2 646
4 49
2 197
1000
620
572

1300
483
817
236
456
122

3937
462
3475
3321
148
3

209
48
161

601
597
4

319
247
72

68
56
12

-

-

-

-

4

12

-

161

-

18
54

-

-

-

-

233
37
196
180
11

477
80
397
395
1

370
250
120
107
4

347
48
299
250
41

284
53
231
9
33

568
5
5 63
555
8

382
2
380
374
6

184
19
165
2
163

202
160
42
9
29

22
11
11
11

140
-

140
140

358

455
137
318
262
51

156
62
94
50
28

340
281
59
18
35

269
9

51
20
31
16
15

76
55
21
9

3
3

1

3

_

_

_

84

25
4
21

9
5
4

“268
150
84
66
78
7

7

45
23
13

116
79
23 t" 61
56
55
14
31
40
22
2
1

€

-

160
94
66
54
12
"

1

190
155
21

1
1
1
82
32
50
25
16
3

82
32
50
31
14

26

58
49
7

-

15

-

-

-

-

2

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

28
28

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

31
24
7
5
2

_

18
‘ 17
1

13
"8
5

31
3l

_

3
3

-

1
1

69
T9
50
49
_

36
7
29
9
18

-

4

-

-

1

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

15
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r il I9 6 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 . 10 2 .2 0 2 . 30 2 .4 0 2 . 50 ^ . 60 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 . 90 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3. 50
2
and
-

Number
of
workers

$
$
Average $
1.0 0 1 . 1 0 1 .2 0
hourly
earning*2 and
u n d er
1 . 10 1 . 2 0 1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .6 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

Sh ippin g c l e r k s ------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ............ .........................
W h o le s a le tra d e ____________________
R e t a il tra d e 4 _______________________

1, 189
596
593
4 36
143

$ 2 .2 4
2 . 25
2 .2 3
2 . 27
2 . 09

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

34
19
15
_
15

2

54

20

10

_

2

26

16
4
4

140
54

44
18

129
60
69
65
3

120

2

78
48
30
24
3

31

-

186
85

Sh ippin g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ----------------M a n u fa c tur ing -------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------

1, 157
369
788
501

2 . 16
2 . 18

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

32

21

271
33
238
203

127
56
71

68

106
53
53
34

T r u c k d r iv e r s 6 -------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------

15, 366
5 ,4 3 2
9 ,9 3 4

2 . 70
3 .0 0
2 . 53

_
-

-

-

3^493
790
339

2 . 59
2'. 54
2. 25

_
_

494
295
199
70

---------------W h o le s a le tra d e ---------R e t a il tra d e 4 _______________________

_
_

263
191
72
15

_
_

225
163
62
14

889

2 . 32
2 .2 9
2 . 34

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (under l 1 t o n s) —
/^
M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m (lV z to and
in clu d in g 4 to n s ) --------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g —-------------- ---------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 _______________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _______ _______
P p fa il traHe ^

2FI
628

2 . 15

1 .3 0

8

-

24

21
?0

2 09
1

_

1

27
14
13

_

13

78
23

71

120

2

78
42

44
31
13

3

69
40

-

13
13
-

185
4
181

53
7
46

51
18
33

_
_

1401

_

_
35

9
_

_

1

9
5
4

10 1

12

3

10

11

9
4

11

29

14
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29

11

_
-

_
-

1

27
14
13

_
-

13
13
-

4
4
-

39
4
35

28

6
22

-

80

-

-

-

-

80

-

-

--------------------------

2 , 971
1 448
523

1,

3 .0 4
3. 25
2 . 84

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) _______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -----------------------------

1, 835
1 ,0 5 0
785
180

2 . 51
2 . 56
2 .4 5
2 .4 1

_
_

_
-

_
-

24
24

19
19

23
23

4
4

8
8

27
27

71
71

51
51

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (ather than f o r k l i f t ) -----M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------

4 47
249

2 .4 1
2 . 38

_

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

30
30

-

_

-

_
-

15
15

W a t c h m e n -----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------

2 ,4 5 9
■771 _l
1 , 688
50 7
163
421
443

1 .8 3
1. 77
1 .8 5
2 . 10
l ! 67
1 • 99
1 .5 3

40
22
18
18

40
9
31

159
84
75

163
99
64

172
30
142

129
10
119

186
105
81

_

4

16

20

53

“

31

42

39

251
63
188
56
23
13
48

6

13

188
35
153
15

11
111
9

8
8

19
17

94

2

150
6fT
85
c
10
42
28

11
11

17
17

-

-

94

69
50
19

293
65
228
137

8

8

221
85

172
64
108
-

174
431
26 T T
405
87
205
31
2
9
40
182
6
14

57
57
18
4
13

15
4
11

-

106
29
77
70

2

S ee note on p. 5,




r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a i l r o a d s .

.
-

1377

6U "
26 J 764

2
12
283
199
84

547

10

521

2
2

.
-

21
21

2
2

22
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

112
3
109

194
194
-

20
20

-

-

-

-

356
1
355

11

50 6

6
6

10
10

30

*822
814

8

8

156
91
65
-

-

32
32
32

3
3
3

251
251
-

15
15

51
-

15
15

9
-

9
9

-

3
3
-

18
3
15

6
4

-

-

300

185
145
40

749
54
695

20
20

96
78
18

160
104
56

448
85
3 63

13
11

458
340
118

21
13

53
5
48
-

293
61
232
-

2 86
236
50

21
21

41
39

49
48

143
53
90
89
x

2W~

.
-

_
-

1

32
36 1662
1654
"3 2 “ —
8
8

.
-

417
117
300

2

5
3

2
2

2

-

1

-

~ ~ Z T ------ 8“ “

339
339
-

1982

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
E x c lu d e s l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
I n clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo l lo w s : 38 at $ 3 .5 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 2 86 at $ 3 .6 0 to $ 4 ; 282 a t $ 4 to $ 4 . 4 0 ; 146 at $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 . 8 0 ; 88 at $ 4 .8 0 and o v e r .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo l lo w s : 4 25 at $ 3 .5 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 279 at $ 3 .6 0 to $ 4 ; 112 at $ 4 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 6 at $ 4 .4 0 and
over.

NOTE:

-

_
_

.
-

1
______ 1 _____
_
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

_
-

-

21
11
10

2
2

10
10

-

_
-

.
-

1578
364
27

-

14

.
-

17

-

_
-

20

1601
34
1567
1507
36
24

-

_
_

-

2353
37l

55

_

over

-

1614
318
1296
103
1072

1

3 .5 0

8

132

88
22

3 .4 0

3
3
-

_
-

141
139
140 1 1 3 8

44

3 .3 0

23
23
-

521
_

20

1
1

3 .2 0

.
-

84
_

6

1 1

3 .1 0

4
4
-

578
186

35
29

-

-

117
91

3 .0 0

26
-

20

-

12
12

35

11
88

2298 1459 1219
284
246 “ 579”
540
2014 1213
1711 i 1 1 1 0
382
238
14
68
36
90
89
29

29

-

!
10 !
123 1

8
21 i
20

49

-

R e t a il t ra d e 4 ...........................................
TPinanro ®
S e r v i c e s _____________________________

10
33
23

344
25
319

-

-

1
22
22

71
23
48

-

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

3

29
24

36

157
98
59

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r than t r a il e r ty p e) ---------------------

5

1

29

81
36
45

2 . 66
2 . 78
2 . 61

13

69

2014 3000
349 " 516
1665 !2482
137 [1791
1305
481
66
183
152
16

7

43

57
19
38

,
1

20

8

135
5
32

55
51

1, 500
485“
1 ,0 1 4

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a il e r ty p e ) ........................................ ........
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___ ________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------

1

89

20 j
4 !
106
27
79 i
25

12

_
-

-

79
4

49
13
36

34

2 . 64
3. 05
2 .4 5
2 .4 5
2 .4 6
2 . 18

7, 740

86

19 2 j
64 ; _ A ? ! 52
40 1
47
24 1
140

12

5 ,2 9 4
3 ,2 1 1
1, 778
160

2 , 446

90
30
15
13

2 . 60 2 . 70 2 . 80 2 . 90

28

29
"

22

2 .5 0

1

10

2

-

-

3
8

5

_

2
-

501
"

9
9

8

6 7 840
6 840

22
8
-

8
3
3




16

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Percen t

of m anufacturing
a ctu a lly

plan t w o r k e r s

operating

late

in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

shifts

by type

h aving

fo rm a l

p ro visio n s

and am ou n t o f d ifferen tial,

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts

having

p ro visio n s 1

New

for

York,

fo rm al

shift w o r k ,
N. Y . ,

and in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

A p ril

I960)

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts

for—

a ctu a lly

operating—

Shift d iffe r e n tia l
Second

shift

work

T h ird

or

other

Second

shift w o r k

shift

T h ird

or

other

shift

T o t a l _______________________________________________

62. 5

47. 1

11. 3

2. 8

W ith

61. 0

4 5 .9

11. 0

2. 7

38. 1

22. 9

8 .9

1. 9

shift p a y

U n iform
2

differen tial

cents

llz

______________________

(per hour)

____________________
-----------

.4

.4

. 1

__________________________________

4 .4

-

. 5

-

3 .4

. 8

-

.2

-

. 3

-

c e n t s ------

5 cents

----------------------------------

.6

1. 8
-

8 c e n t s ___________________________________

1. 2

-

1 0 c e n t s _________________________________

13. 6

l 1/z

6 9/ i o o r

12

7

c e n t s ________________________

c e n t s _______________________________

or

2 2

I

V

.2

16 o r
27

15z/s
7 2

I

V

cents

cents

cents and

.2

1. 9
1.4

. 5

. 2
( 2)
. 4
. 1

2. 3
. 7

13. 8

1. 8

__________________________

20. 1

__________________ ._____________

1. 6

7 percent

_______________________________

percentage

.4

1 0 p e r c e n t ______________________________

12. 9

1 2 p e r c e n t ______________________________

1. 5

p e r c e n t ______________________________

3. 7

15

F u ll d a y 's
O th er
No

fo rm al

shift p ay

1
even

pay

reduced

shift p ay

hours

___________

-

In clu des
L ess

e sta b lish m e n ts

they
than

w ere

not

cu rren tly

c u rr e n tly

0. 0 5 p e r c e n t .

. 1

-

-

6. 5

. 1

1. 0

-

-

-

. 5

6 .9
. 6

( 2)

-

-

late

late

8. 7

. 3

. 8

1. 5

operating

operating

. 1

. 3

.4

2 .7

d i f f e r e n t i a l _________

d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________________

though
2

for

. 1

( 2)

5 percent

U n iform

-

. 6
-

.4

_

o v e r ______________________

.4

. 3
3 .4

2 .4
-

__________________

_

1. 1

3. 4

1 4 3 / i 0 c e n t s ______________________
or

2. 2

6 .7

15 c e n t s
1 5 3 / io

.7

9. 9
3 .4
-

1. 3

c e n t s _______________________

1 3 4 / 5 c e n t s ______________________________
14 o r

. 1

1.2

. 3

. 1

shifts,

shifts.

and e sta b lish m e n ts

w ith

fo rm a l p ro visio n s

coverin g

late

shifts

17
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n of e s ta b lis h m e n ts

studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s

and in in d u str y d iv is io n s

o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n office

w orkers,

New

by m in im u m

York,

In experien ced typists

M an u factu rin g
M axim um w e e k ly s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

35

35

36V4

371/ 2

40

387

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

41

9

12

175

76

22

40

29

275

76

46

8

12

199

77

23

49

35

_
1
2
5
5
11
3
6
4

_
1
2
2
2
1
_
1
-

_
1
3
11
7
34
24
47
15
21
2

_
1
2
1
14
11
22
12
9
-

2

3
2
10
2
5
1
“

1
1
11
6
13
4
6
1
4
1
1
-

-

5

2

1
1

_
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
-

1
2
3
4
4
5
2
2
5
1

2
2

_
1
5
1
1
"

1
3
6
9
19
8
14
7
6

6
5
2
2

_
3
2
9
5
8
7
5
2
1

2
2

_
1
2
3
2
1
4
6
1
5
1
1
-

1
5
6
24
24
49
20
29
11
17
1

2

_
4
1
12
3
10
1
6
1
1
1
-

_
1
1
4
5
21
8
10
8
8
2

5
2

_
2
1
6
3
8
1
1
-

1
6
7
28
29
70
28
39
19
25
3

1
1

_
_
1
4
3
1
-

122

35

XXX

185

60

XXX

for

hiring

1

3
4

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no
s p e c ifie d m in im u m __________________
E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not
em p loy w o r k e r s in th is
c a te g o r y _________________________

6
4

__

e stab lish e d

-

R a t e s a p p li c a b le to m e s s e n g e r s ,
office g ir ls ,
or
H o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s




A ll
sched­
u les

XXX

1

18,

40

XXX

2

p.

37 V 2

XXX

2

on

35

166

_
2
5
15
5
16
5
11
4
1

S ee note

A ll
sch ed ­
ule s

553

71

NOTE:

40

37 V 2

XXX

«
1
3
13
12
49
29
63
20
32
6

fo rm a lly

N onm anufacturing

B a s e d on stan dard w eek ly h o u r s 3 o f—

XXX

246

under $ 4 0 . 00 _________
under $ 4 2 . 50 _________
under $ 4 5 . 00 _________
under $ 4 7 . 50 _________
under $ 5 0 . 00 _________
under $ 52. 50 _________
under $ 55. 00 _________
under $ 57. 50 _________
under $ 6 0 .0 0 _________
unde r $ 62. 5 0 _________
under $ 6 5 .0 0 _________
under $ 6 7 .5 0 _________
under $ 70. 00 _________
under $ 7 2 . 50 ______ _
under $ 7 5 .0 0 _________
o v e r ___________________

rate

A ll
in d u s­
tr ie s

363/4

c lerica l w orkers

M anufacturin g

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a
s p e c ifie d m in im u m __________________

sa la ry

in exp e rie n ce d

XXX

XXX

Lowest

O th er

35

categories

387

166

1
2
3

A ll
sch edule s

se le cte d

XXX

553

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

40

for

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts studied

$ 37. 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 . 00

37 1/ 2

sa la ry

I960)

N onm anufacturing

B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
sch edules

entrance

N. Y . , A p r il

relative

to

the

in clu sio n

2

1

1

2

1
1
-

XXX

XXX

87

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

135

40

X XX

XXX

XXX

XXX

125

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

143

50

X XX

XXX

in e xp e rie n ce d

w orkers

for

typing

or

other

c le rica l

s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
r e c e iv e their regu la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s .
D ata a re
of

railro ad s.

1
1

2

4
3

-

1
2

2

-

4

1
“

XXX

95

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

93

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

2

1
-

4

jobs.
p r e s e n te d for a ll w o r k w e e k s c om b in ed , and for the m o s t

com m on

workweeks

reported.

18
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by sch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , New Y o rk , N. Y. , A p r il I960)
O F F IC E W O RK ER S

W eekly h o u rs

PLAN T WORKERS

All

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

____________________________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

U nder 35 h ou rs ______________________________________________
35 h ou rs ----------------------- ---------- ----------------------------------------------------O ver 35 and under 361/* h ou rs ---------------------------------36^4 h o u rs _____________________________________________________
O ver 361/* and under
h o u r s __________________
h o u r s _____________________________________________________
O ver 3 7 V 2 and under 40 h o u rs ______________________
40 h ou rs ________________________________________________________
O v er 40 and under 45 h o u r s ___________________________
45 h ou rs _________________________________________________________
O ver 45 h o u r s ________________________________________________

1
54
1

65

44

41
1

23

. industries

A ll

w ork ers

371/z

37l/z

9

5
17
1
13

( 5)

( 5)
8
( 5)
17
1
8

-

6
-

7
-

43

9

3
36
2
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

( 5)
-

17
5
24

4

26

( -5)

Services

.
industries *

All

Manufacturing

Public .
u tilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

58
2
11

56
4
4
1
28

4

2
2

Finance3

9

11
-

7

( 5)
6

-

-

-

-

( 5)
5
1
5

( 5)

5
2
77
2
2
1

11
2
11
1
3
2
68

1

( 5r *
-

4

-

-

( 5)

-

11
2
80

-

-

-

12
5
68
7

1
1

3

-

-

94

2
4




-

3

3

1 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
E x clu d e s data fo r lim i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
3 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l esta te in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
s L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.

NOTE*

-

E s tim a te s fo r a ll in d u s tr ie s and p u b lic u tilitie s in clu d e data f o r r a ilr o a d s (SIC 40), om itte d fr o m the s c o p e o f a ll la b o r m a rk et
w age s u r v e y s m ade b e fo r e the w in ter o f 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .
W h ere s ig n ifica n t, the e ffe c t o f the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s is g r e a te s t on the
data show n s e p a r a te ly f o r the p u b lic u tilitie s d iv is io n .

1

(*)
-

2

( 5)

87
3
5
3

19
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by n u m ber o f p aid h olid ays
p r o v id e d annually, New Y o rk , N. Y. , A p r il I960)
OFFICE WORKERS,
Item

All
industries

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o l id a y s ____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no pa id h o l id a y s ________________________________

M
anufacturing

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade2

Finance 3

Services

All
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

99

100

( 5)

"

( 5)
1
( 5)
12
2
2
7
2
2
2
9
1
7
2
2
2
29
3
2
2
9
2
1

_
-

N um ber o f d a y s
L e s s than 6 d a y s ________________________ ______
6 days _____________________________________________
6 days plus 2 h a lf d a y s __________________________
7 d a y s _______________________________ _____________
7 days p lu s 1 h a lf day __________________________ _
7 days p lu s 2, 3, 4, o r 6 h a lf days _____________
8 days _____________________________________________
8 days plu s 1 h alf d a y ___________________________
8 days plu s 2 h alf d a y s __________________________
__________________
8 days p lu s 3 o r 4 h alf days
9 days _____________________________________________
9 days plus 1, 2, 3, o r 4 h a lf days _____________
10 days __________________________________________
10 days plus 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
10 days plus 2 h a lf days ________________________
10 days p lu s 3, 4, o r 5 h a lf d a y s ________________
11 days ____________________________________________
11 days plu s 1 h a lf d a y __________________________
11 days plu s 2 h a lf days _______________________
11 days plu s 3 h a lf days
12 d a y s _____ __________________ _________________
12 days p lu s 1, 2, o r 3 h a lf d a y s _________ ___
13 o r m o r e days _________________________________

PLANT WORKERS

Public 1
utilities

( 5)
11
3
( 5)
10
5
4
3
13
3
16
2
2
1
18
3
1
1
2
3

_

-

1
-

45
1
2
1
1
( 5)

( 5)

-

_
1
11
3
2
8
5
3
3
14
3
11
4
2
5
9
3
8
1
2
2

( 5)
( 5)

( 5)

(5
")

1
1
2
5
14
20
34
38
51
52
70
76
85
88
99
100
100
100
100
100

( 5)
( 5)
( 5)
( 5)
1
1
17
25
32
32
38
39
42
43
99
99
99
99
99
99

56
1
3
1
4
1
2
( 5)
6
8
10
-

6
1
( 5)

_
1
( 5)
4
( 5)
10
( 5)
2
( 5)
1
2
44
3
3
4
21
4

M
anufacturing

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

98

100

98

94

-

2

-

2

2

6

_
5
1
14
6
13
10
8
2
1
10
3
9

3
10
1
28
2
2
13
1
2
1
7
2
6
1
1
( 5)
16
1
( 5)
( 5)
2
(* )
( 5)

5
7
2
21
3
19
2
5
1
10
2
8
1
2
( 5)
8
1
( 5)

1

-

_
30
1
9
4
2
1
2

*

Public ,
utilities 1

1
1
1
1
1
5
19
20
29
31
48
59
74
80
95
100
100
100
100
100

( 5)
( 5)
( 5)
( 5)
3
4
21
22
28
30
39
40
55
56
85
96
96
97
98
98

( 5)
( S)
( 5)
( 5)
4
5
16
17
26
28
42
44
63
66
88
95
97
98
100
100

-

2
( 5)
12
4
( 5)

3
(* )
( 5)

_

_

4
27
-

2
11
2
( 5)
14
4

( 5)
15
-

( 5)
-

51
( 5)
1
( 5)

O

( 5)
10
1
9
5
( 5)
25
3
3
1
3
7

Retail trade 2

4
8
55
3
8
7
(c>
( 5)
2
1
2
( 5)
( 5)
( 5)
7
-

Services

_
33
l 5)
26
1
1
5
( 5)
11
2
7
-

2
6
( 5)

-

( 5)

_
_
_
_
_
7
7
8
11
13
13
28
31
87
95
95
95
95
98

( 5)
( 5)
( 5)
( 5)
( 5)
1
9
9
15
18
29
29
34
35
61
94
94
94
94
94

T o ta l h o l i d a y t i m e 6
14 o r m o r e days _________________________________
13 V2 o r m o r e days _____________________________
13 o r m o r e days _________________________________
12 V2 o r m o r e days
______________ __________
12 o r m o r e days _________________________________
IIV 2 o r m o r e days _______________________________
11 o r m o r e days _________________________________
I 0V2 ° r m o r e days _______________________________
10 o r m o r e days
_______________________________
9 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ________________________________
9 o r m o r e d a y s _________________________________
8 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________
8 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
7 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ________________________________
7 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
6 o r m o r e days _
5 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
4 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________ _____
3 o r m o r e d a y s _________________________________
1 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________ __________

1
1
1
5
17
20
52
53
61
63
75
78
85
87
99
99
99
99
99
99

2
2
3
4
7
10
30
32
49
54
71
75
86
88
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
( 5)
( 5)
2
4
6
52
52
57
58
62
62
70
70
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
1
8
32
37
82
82
84
84
94
94
99
99
99
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
_
_
1
1
52
52
52
52
52
52
67
67
94
98
98
98
98
98

4
4
7
7
13
16
42
47
56
56
67
70
85
87
98
100
100
100
100
100

T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
2 E x clu d e s lim i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
3 F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
4 In clu des data f o r r e a l estate in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and no
h a lf d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and s o on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e re than cu m u lated.

s L ess

N O TE:

See note on p.




18,

r e la tiv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s .

20
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , New Y o rk , N. Y. , A p r il I9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

PLANT WORKERS

All
industries

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Finance 3

Services

All
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
( 5)
( 5)

100
99
( 5)

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

( 5)

-

-

"

-

4
52
18
15

4
63
19
3

1
46
11
15

7
53
12
7

8
( 5)
91
( 5)
( 5)

9
90
1

19
81
-

3
96
1
-

2
1
93
2
1

1
4
91
3

17
2
81
-

.

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
( 5)
-

99
94
1
3
2

100
88
1
7
4

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

98
96
2
-

( 5)

"

( 5)

-

-

-

1

2

24
46
14
-

( 5)
49
19
27

8
46
28
7

28
27
7
4

45
15
12
2

2
50
3
19

6
49
14
( 5)

23
40
( 5)
1

14
13
2
( S)

35
5
60
-

1
99
-

14
86
1
"

48
4
40
1
6

51
4
31
2
12

26
69
5

15
74
7
4

45
5
49
-

81
_
17
1
-

2
1
91
7
-

17
12
62
3
6

24
17
45
2
12

15
3
77
5

7
82
7
4

3
87
9
-

20
15
63
1
-

( 5)

7
5
76
3
8
-

9
11
63
2
14

12
83
5
"

4
82

3
82

7
"

4
-

5
_
93
1
"

M eth od o f p oym on t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a t i o n s ___________________ ____________
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent ___________________
P e r c e n ta g e paym ent
_ ._
F la t -s u m paym ent __________________________
O ther
_______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a ca tio n s ______________________________
A m ount o f v o c a t io n p a y 6
A ft e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___________ _____ __
2 w e e k s __________________________________________
A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_..
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s
_ _
_ _
2 w eek s __________________________________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w ee k s
3 w eek s
.... _
A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
. .
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s
2 w eek s
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s
3 w eek s
_

........
......... ....

( 5)

_

-

99
1
-

_

87
12
-

( 5)
97
2
2

17
80
( 5)
3
-

_

( 5)

_

_
98
1
1
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________ _____
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w eek s
... .
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ____ _______________
3 w eek s _______________________ __________________
w eek s _____ ______ ________________ ____________

4

2

( 5)

( 5)

91
2
5
( 5)

( 5)
91
1
8
( 5)

( 5)
68
10
21
( 5)

_

_

_

79
1
20
1

80

85

83
12
4
-

93
2

5
-

91
7
2
-

7

9

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______
2 w eek s __________________________________________
O v er 2 and under
w ee k s _____________________
w eek s __________________________________________
w eek s __________________________________________

3

3
4

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table.




3

16

5

11

( 5)

55

6
39

_
60
20
20

_

55
7
38

4
72
6
16
1

7

67
6
18
2

_
87
1
10
2

3

63
8
27

3
63
6
27

2

95

1
1

21
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r il I960)

V acation policy

All
industries

OFFICE WORKERS
Wholesale
Retail trade 2
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Wholesale
Public 1
trade
utilities ,

Finance 3

Services

All
industries

( 5)
15
84
2

.
17
15
67
1

40
1
54
6

4
45
5
43
2

7
43
8
40
2

55
4
36
5

18
80
2
( 5)

( 5)
13
85
2

4
1
84
4
8

19
1
72
9

4
21
2
68
( 5)
5

7
28
3
55
7

2
88
_
10

17
67
_
16

( 5)
13
64
23

3
1
67
29

18
1
67
14

4
20
2
63
( 5)
11

2
66
( 5)
31

17
_
54
29

( 5)
13
_
23
65

3
16
81

17
1
59
24

4
19
2
52
1
22

Manufacturing

Public
utilities i

( 5)
29
7
61
2

_
33
1
61
5

_
55
1
40
3

.
39
7
53
( 5)

( 5)
10
( 5)
81
2
8

15
70
15

_
2
93
5

( 5)
9
( 5)
67
( 5)
24

14
54
( 5)
32

( 5)
9
( 5)
35
( 5)
56

14
35
1
50

Manufacturing

Retail trade 2

Services

3
33
4
61
-

3
25
69
2

1
72
5
20
( 5)

1
94
5

3
13
1
80
( 5)
3

3
17
74
4

1
32
1
63
1

7
25
3
54
( 5)
11

1
83
16

3
12
1
70
14

3
17
61
17

1
31
1
63
2

7
25
3
47
2
16

1
66
33

3
12
1
62
22

3
17
32
46

1
28
1
66
2

A m ount off v a c a tio n p a y 6— C on tinu ed
A fter 10 y ears of service
1 w ee k _______________________________________
2 weeks _____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks _____________________________________
4 weeks
A fter 15 y ears of service
1 w ee k _______________________________________
2 weeks _____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks _____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks ___________________
4 weeks _____________________________________
A fter 20 y ears of service
__
1 week
. .
2 weeks _____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks _____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks
.
_
. .

-

A fter 25 y ears of service
1 w e e k _______________________________________
2 weeks __________ _________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks
.
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks _____________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6
s e r v ic e

T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic
E x clu d e s lim i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l estate in a dd ition to th ose
L e s s than 0. 5 p e rce n t.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and
in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n

u tilitie s .
in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the
5 and 10 y e a r s .

individ ual p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .

F o r ex a m p le ,

the ch an ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica ted at 10 y e a r s '

N OTE: See note on p. 18, re la tiv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s .
In the tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym en ts oth er than " le n g t h -o f - t im e , " su ch as p e rcen ta g e
o f annual e a r n in g s o r fla t -s u m paym en ts, w e re c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




22
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercent of office and plant w orkers in all in du stries and in industry divisions employed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, New York, N. Y. , A pril I960)
Type of benefit

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Manufacturing

Public i
utilities

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

92
41
85
31
75
2
80
78
57
45
79
( 6)

92
39
91
37
79
5
85
86
67
34
80
1

81
57
82
31
73
5
71
73
56
44
73

91
47
85
36
75
71
68
50
36
77
1

Al!
industries

All w o rk e rs __________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing:
Life in su ran c e _____________________________
A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
in su ra n c e ------------------------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or b oth 5 ______________________
Sickness and accident in su ra n c e _______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) ______________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p e rio d )_______________________
H ospitalization in su ra n c e ________ ____ ____
Surgical insurance ________________________
M edical in su ran c e _________________________
C atastrophe in su ra n c e ____________________
R etirem ent p en sio n _______________________
No health, insurance, or pension p la n ____

PLAN T WORKERS

Retail trade 2

All
4
industries

M anufacturing

Public i
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Finance3

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
33
90
50
42
13
84
81
61
14
72
1

96
40
81
25
77
88
83
59
63
88

87
34
87
25
79
( 6)
54
52
37
28
50
( 6)

92
47
81
63
23
12
87
84
61
9
78
2

95
40
78
72
14
7
94
93
67
6
78
1

87
65
88
37
36
38
62
57
49
26
84

98
58
84
52
60
91
87
49
14
80
1

92
41
83
64
28
7
94
90
71
5
76
2

89
54
78
64
21
5
82
79
56
5
72
5

Retail trade 2

Services

1 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
2 Excludes lim ited-p rice v ariety sto res.
3 Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
4 Includes data for rea l estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely estab lish at least
the m inim um num ber of days* pay that can be expected by each em ployee. Inform al sick-leave allow ances determ ined on an individual b asis are excluded.
6 L ess than 0. 5 percent.
NOTE: See note on p. 18, relative to the inclusion of railro ad s.




23

Appendix*. Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B u reau s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary w orkers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
B iller, machine (hilling m achine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually' involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping m achine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on cu sto m ers'led g er rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational Cash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




C lass A — K eeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
C lass B — K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping- P h ases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custo m ers'acco u n ts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in ­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent's business tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad ­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.
C lass B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accou n t­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company em ployees and en ters the n e c e s­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers’
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athem a­
tic al com putations. This job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
C lass B— Performs routine filing, usually of m aterial th at has
already been classified or which is easily identifiab le, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers'o rd ers for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination o f the follow ing;
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

25

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptio nist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this w orker's time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A — O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
C lass B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.
C lass C— O perates sim ple tabulating or e lectrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n icalo r specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

26

TYPIST

TY PIST— Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, etc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already se t up and spaced properly.

P R O FESSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etches,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
poses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those



DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and qu an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pen cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

27

M A INTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e lec­
trical system or equipment; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and measuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




H ELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
/s< ?ists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and In others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making n ecessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

28
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist's work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in stalls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout



MILLWRIGHT— Continued
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to stre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
OILER
L ubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten specifications; cutting various siz es of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

29

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other specificatio n s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; in stallin g sheetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D iem aker; jig maker; toolm aker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U S T O D IA L AND M A T E R IA L M O VEM ENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers betw een floors of an office building,
apartment house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar estab lish m en t.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD

JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

30
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

ORDER FILL E R

TRUCKDRIVER

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slip s, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
D rives a truck within a city or ind u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various tvpes of estab ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing plants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers’ houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (com bination o f s iz e s liste d separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)

Truckdriver, medium (llA to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gaso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : I9 6 0 0 — 557565

Occupational Wage Surveys

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese bulletins, when av ailable,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.

Allentown—Bethlehem —E aston, P a .—N .J., March I960—BLS Bull. 1265-33,
price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Birmingham, A la., March I960—BLS Bull. 1265-37, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
C incinnati, Ohio—Ky., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-31, price 25 cents
Cleveland, Ohio, September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
D allas, T ex., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Des Moines, Iowa, February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-30, price 25 cents
D etroit, Mich., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-25, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jackson, M iss., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-26, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, F la., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-14, price 25 cents
K ansas City, Mo.—K ans., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-23, price 25 cents
Los A ngeles—Long Beach, C alif., April I960—BLS Bull. 1265-35,
price 25 cents




Memphis, Tenn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
M inneapolis—St. P aul, Minn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-21,
price 25 cents
Newark and Jersey City, N .J., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-28,
price 25 cents
New O rleans, L a., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-32, price 25 cents
P hiladelphia, P a., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-16, p rice 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
Richmond, V a., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-24, price 25 cents
St. L ouis, Mo., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iverside—Ontario, C alif., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San F ran cisco —Oakland, C alif., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-17,
price 25 cents
S eattle, Wash., August 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
Sioux F a lls, S. D ak., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-29, price 20 cents
South Bend, Ind., April I960—BLS Bull. 1265-38, price 25 cents
W ashington, D .C .—Md.—V a., December 1959—BLS 6 u ll. 1265-18,
price 25 cents
Waterbury, Conn., March I960—BLS Bull. 1265-36, price 25 cents
York, P a., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-27, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102