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Occupational Wage Survey

NEW Y O R K , NEW Y O R K
A P R IL

1959

B u l l e t i n N o . 1 2 4 0 -1 7

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU O f LABOR STATISTICS

J a m e s P. M itch e ll, S e cre ta ry

Ewan Clague, Commissioner







O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y




NEW

YO RK, NEW

YO RK

APRIL 1959

Bulletin No. 1240-17
June 1959

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents

The Library of Congress has cataloged the series
in which this publication appears as follows:

U. S. Buveau of Labor Statistics.

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.




Bulletin, no. 1Washington.
no. in

Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

iNov. 1895-

v. 23-26 cm.

v. illus. 16-28 cm.

Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; Irregular,
No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

1912-

Library of Congress

331.06173
(r58t2j

Nov. 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. (2. Employee bene­
fits]
i. Title.
(Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

HD8051.A62

The Library of Congress has cataloged this
publication as follows:

15-23307 rev*:

HD4973.A462

331.2973

U. S. Dept of Labor.
for Library of Congress

Library
(57r52nl)f

L 49—125*

Contents

Preface

Page
The Com m unity W age Survey P r o g r a m

In tr o d u c tio n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends fo r se le cte d occu p a tion a l groups -----------------------------------------------

The B ureau o f L abor S tatistics r e g u la r ly condu cts
areaw ide w age su rvey s in a num ber o f im portan t in du strial
c e n te rs .
The stu d ies, m ade fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
rela te to occu p ation al earn ings and re la te d supplem en tary
ben efits.
A p re lim in a ry r e p o r t is av ailab le on com p letion
o f the study ip each a r e a , u sually in the m onth follow in g the
pa yroll p e rio d studied.
T h is bulletin p rov id es additional data
not in cluded in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A co n solid a ted a n alytica l
bulletin su m m arizin g the r e su lts o f a ll o f the y e a r 's su rvey s
is is su e d after com p letion o f the final a re a bulletin for the
cu rren t round o f su rv e y s.

T a b les:

This r e p o r t w as p rep a red in the B u rea u 's re g io n a l
o ffic e in New Y o rk , N. Y. , by E llio t A . B row ar and A lvin
G olub, under the d ire ctio n o f F r e d e r ic k W. M u e lle r, R e ­
gional W age and In dustrial R elation s A n alyst.




1
4

1.
2.

E sta blish m en ts and w ork ers within scop e o f s u r v e y ----------—-------------Indexes o f standard w eekly s a la rie s and stra ig h t-tim e
h ou rly earn ings fo r s e le cte d occu p a tion a l g rou p s,
and p ercen ts o f in cr e a s e fo r s e le cte d p e r i o d s ------------------ — — — ~

4

A:

O ccupational earn in g s: *
A - 1.
O ffice o c c u p a t io n s ___________________—---------------------------------------A - l a . O ffice occu p a tion s— C en tral o ffic e s ---------------------------------------A -2 .
P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occu p a tion s ----------------------------------A - 3.
M aintenance and pow er plant o c c u p a t i o n s --------------------------------A -4 .
C u stodia l and m a teria l m ovem en t occu p a tion s ------------------------

5
9
10
10
12

E sta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and su pplem en tary wage
p r o v is io n s : *
B -l.
Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls ------------------------- ---------- -----—------- ----------— —
B -2 .
M inim um entrance s a la rie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o rk e rs — ----B - 3 . Scheduled w eekly h o u r s ---------------- ---------------------------------------- —
B -4 .
P aid h o l i d a y s _______________________________________ —--------------- B -5 .
P aid v a c a t i o n s _________________________________ _______________ —
B - 6.
H ealth, in su ra n ce, and pen sion p l a n s --------------------------------------

14
15
16
16
18
20

B:

Appendix:

O ccupational d e s crip tio n s

____________ ___ __________ _________ ____

* N O TE: S im ilar tabulations fo r m ost o f th ese item s are a v a ila b le in the New Y ork C ity a re a r e p o rts fo r
A p r il 1951, January 1952, F eb ru a ry 1953, 1954, M arch 1955, A p r il 1956, 1957, and 1958.
The 1954
r e p o r t (BLS B u ll. 1157-3) p r e se n ts , in addition, data on rate o f pay fo r h oliday w ork ; and both the
1954 and 1958 r e p o r t s , data on w age stru ctu re c h a r a c t e r is t ic s , la b or-m a n a g em en t a g r e e m e n ts, and
o v e rtim e pay p r o v is io n s .
The 1955 r e p o rt a ls o included data on freq u en cy o f w age paym en ts, and pay
p r o v isio n s for h olidays falling on n onw orkdays.
A d ir e c to r y in dicating date of study and the p r ic e o f the
r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r ts for other m a jor a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon re q u e st.
C u rren t r e p o r ts on occu pation al earn ings and su pplem en tary w age p r a c tic e s in the New Y o rk C ity
a rea a re a lso ava ila b le for auto d ea ler r e p a ir shops (M ay 1958), and m e n 's and b o y s ' suits and coats
(M a rch 1958),
A r e p o rt on occu pation al earn ings is a lso a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in ery in d u stries (F eb ru a ry
1959).
Data fo r su pplem en tary w age p r a c tic e s Were in clu ded in the m a ch in ery in d u stries r e p o r t o f
January 1958.
Union s c a le s , in dicative o f prevailin g pay le v e ls , a re ava ila b le for the follow in g trad es
or in d u stries: Building co n s tru ctio n , prin tin g, lo c a l-t r a n s it operatin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to rtru ck d r iv e r s
and h e lp e r s .

iii

2

21




Occupational W ag* Survey—New York, N. Y.
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U. S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of*occupational earnings and related wage bene­
fit^ on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained by per­
sonal visits of Bureau field agents 1 to representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation
(excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities; whole­
sale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv­
ices.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. 2 Wher­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same
job.
(See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -se rie s tables) for the following types of oc­
cupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) main­
tenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

1 Data were obtained by mail from some of the smaller estab­
lishments for which visits by Bureau field agents in the last previous
survey indicated employment in relatively few of the occupations stud­
ied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified with employers.
2 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment covered.




Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. * Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the numbed actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do .not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term "office w orkers," as
used in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing clerical or related functions, and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant
workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers
(including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional employees, and force-account
construction employees who are utilized as a separate work force are
excluded. Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufac­
turing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, * presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
3
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification 11other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate oniy to the estab­
lishments visited. They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statistically on the
basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a
majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for
the practices listed.
Scheduled hours are treated statistically on
the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if
a majority are covered . 4 Because of rounding, sums of individ­
ual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.

The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week’ s pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen’ s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com­
4
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of
mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or
table B -3 ) in surveys made prior to late 1957 and early 1958 were
paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
presented in terms of the proportion of women office workers em ­
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
ployed in offices with the indicated weekly hours for women workers.
form of life insurance.
TA B L E 1.

E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope o f survey and num ber studied in New Y ork, N. Y. , 1 by m ajor industry d iv is io n ,2 A p ril 1959
Minimum
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
o f study

Industry division

All division s

_ ----------

_
_

--- __ _ __

M anufacturing
_ _ __
_
____
______
. . . .
___
N onm anufacturing
____
___
_____________
__
T ran sportation (excluding ra ilr o a d s ), com m unication,
and other public u tilitie s9__
____
_
_______ __
_
W holesale t r a d e ____ _______________________________________________
R etail trade (except lim ite d -p ric e variety s t o r e s ) _______________
Finan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate ---------------------------------- ----------S e r v ic e s 7
_
_ ____
__
_____ _ _ _ ____

Number o f establishm ents
Within
scope o f
study3

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scop e o f study

Studied

Studied
T otal4

O ffice

Plant

Total4

4 ,3 7 4

558

1.349.300

406.900

609.500

581,200

101

1,346
3,028

180
378

405,900
943,400

84,900
322,000

234,800
374,700

138,120
443,080

101
51
101
51
51

194
892
361
698
883

52
82
64
77
103

197,600
126,200
186,200
249.500
183,900

42,500
49,500
25,200
165,500
39,300

84,900
34,200
135,900
*20 ,4 0 0
99,300

151,620
24,950
92,420
121,230
52,860

1 The New Y ork City A rea (B ronx, K ings, New Y ork , Q ueens, and Richm ond C ou nties, N. Y. )• The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate
descrip tion o f the size and com position o f the labor fo rc e included in ‘ the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to s e rv e as a basis o f com p arison with other area- em ploym ent indexes to
m easu re em ploym ent trends or le v e ls since (1) planning o f wage surveys requ ires the use o f establishm ent data com p iled con siderably in advance o f the pay period studied, and (2) small* establishm ents
ar'e excluded from the scope o f the survey.
2 -The 1957 r e v ise d edition o f the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry d ivision .
M ajor changes fro m the e a rlie r edition used in previous
surveys are the transfer o f m ilk pasteurization plants and ready m ixed co n crete establishm ents from trade (w holesale or re ta il) to m anufacturing, and the transfer of radio and telev ision broadcasting
fro m s e r v ic e s to the transportation , com m u nication, and other public utilities division .
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the a rea) o f com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair s e r v ic e ,
and m otion -pictu re theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p ro fe ssio n a l, and other w o rk e rs excluded from the separate o ffic e and plant ca te g o rie s .
9 A ls o excludes taxicabs, and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation.
The pub licly operated portion o f New Y o r k 's transit system is , as a governm ent operation, excluded fro m the scope of
the studies.
4 Estim ate re la te s to rea l estate establishm ents only.
7 H otels; personal s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile repair shops; m otion p ictu re s; nonprofit m em bership organization s; and engineering and arch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .




3
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 5 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2 ) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans * which provide
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
d° not require employer contributions.
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
were excluded.




full pay or a proportion of the worker*s pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
( 1 ) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2 ) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans, providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured.
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker*s life.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class Aand B; Comptometer operators; clerks, file,
class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; key-punch operators;
office girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial nurses. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were
included in the plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians;
machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; millwrights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-metal workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled—
janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, material handling; and
watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earnings for individual

T A B L E 2.

occupations were then totaled to obtain
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these
year to the aggregate for the base period
was computed and the result multiplied
get the index for the given year.

an aggregate for *each occupa­
group aggregates for a given
(survey month, winter 1952-53)
by the base year index ( 10 0 ) to

The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2 ) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3 ) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1958 for workers in 17 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1224-20, Wages and Related
Benefits, 19 Labor Markets, Winter 1957-58.

In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s in New Y o r k , N. Y . ,
A p r il 1959 and A p ril 1958, and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
Indexes
(F e b r u a r y 1953 a 100)

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l group

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s f r o m —
A p r il 1958
to
A p r il 1959

A p ril 1957
to
A p r il 1958

A p r il 1956
to
A p r il 1957

M a rch 1955
to
A p r il 1956

F e b ru a r y 1954
to
M a r c h 1955

F e b ru a r y 1953
to
F e b ru a r y 1954

A p ril 1959

A p r il 1958

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
___________
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en ) _ ____________ .
Industrial n u r s e s (w om en ) . . . . . . ______ __________ . . . » ___ _
S k illed m ain ten an ce ( m e n ) _________ __ ___ . . . __ ____ ________
U n sk illed plant (m e n ). -------------- --------. . . . -------------------

128 .2
131 .0
128. 1
1 3 0 .4

124 .5
126.8
122 .7
125. 1

3 .0
3 .3
4 .4
4 .2

3 .5
4 .7
4 .3
4 .6

5 .2
4 .9
3 .8
5 .3

5 .9
5. 1
3 .4
5 .0

3 .5
5 .4
5 .0
2 .6

4 .3
4 .2
4 .5
5 .4

M anufacturin g:
__ ______— . .
..— .....— .
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en )
In du strial n u r s e s (w om en ) . . . --------------------------- --------S k illed m ain ten an ce ( m e n ) ___ ______________ ______— -----U n sk illed plant (m en ) ____________________
_______________

130 .9
140 .6
130 .0
134 .8

1 2 6 .4
134. 1
124. 1
1 29 .8

3 .6
4 .9
4 .7
3.9

2 .9
5 .1
3 .9
5 .5

5 .9
4 .8
5 .5
7 .5

5 .3
5 .0
3 .2
3 .8

4 .7
7 .4
4. 2
3 .8

5 .2
8 .0
5 .2
6 .3




A*

O c c u p a iip n a l

5

E a r n in g s

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area ba sis,
by industry division, New Y ork, N. Y ., A p ril 1959)
Avcbaos
Num
ber
worker*

a
t

•Sex, occupation, and industry division

F
NUMBER (D WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

•
•
•
I
•
t
I
S
I
t
t
•
•
•
S
W
eekly
W
eekly 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00
hour*1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 50. 00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70, 00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 L05.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00

•
140.00
and
over

Men
C le rk s , accounting, cla s s A ____________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______ _____ . . . ____
P u blic utilities * __________________
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail trade 2 .......................................
Finance t __________________________
S e r v i c e s ................................ ..................

3 .9 1 0
891
3 ,019
527
955
175
950
412

3 6 .0
3 6 .6
36. 0
3 6.5
3 6 .0
38. 5
3 5.5
36. 5

$
9 4 .0 0
95. 50
9 3.50
100.00
95.50
90. 50
89. 00
9 2 .0 0

C le rk s, accounting, cla s s B
__________
M anufacturing ____ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ________ __________
P u blic u tilitie s* __________________
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail trade 2 _____________________
Finance t __________________________
S e rv ice s _____________ ______________

2,587
476
2, 111
258
441
164
919
329

36. 0
36. 6
3 6 .0
37. 5
36. 0
36.5
36. 0
3 6 .0

C le rk s , o rd er ___________________________
M anufacturing ................................... ........
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale t r a d e _____ _____ ________

1,648
345
1,303
1,219

37. 0

C le rk s , payroll ...............................................
M anufacturing ______________ _________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilitie s * __________________
S e r v i c e s _______ _______ _____________

662

Hi
447
111
125

O ffice b oys ............................. ..........................
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilitie s * ..................................
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail trade 2 _____________________
Finance f __________________________
S erv ice s ___________________________
T abulating-m achine o p e r a t o r s __________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilitie s * __________________
W holesale trade _________________ .
R etail trade 2 _____________________
Finance f - _____ ___________________
S e rv ice s ------------------------------------------

60
16
44
39
4
1
-

136
27
99
29
22
5
20
23

60
9
51
12
28
11

52
14
38
6
32
-

58
Tfl
48
12
26
10
-

7

2
-

21
13
8
2
4
2
-

_
-

2
2
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

90
2z
58
58

23
2
21
21

9
6
3
3

6
6
5

2
2
-

1
1
1

-

-

23
3
20
16
-

20
9
11
9
2

18
9
9
5
4

22
8
.14
11

5
5
-

1
1
-

5
2
2
-

”

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

"

_
'

_
■

.
"

_
”

.
-

-

4
2

-

-

13
13
_
2
10
1

55
3
52
2
9
5
29
7

105
12
93
9
37
3
37
7

235
19
216
28
85
11
55
37

407
58
349
49
100
21
119
60

453
140
313
41
78
27
108
59

446
137
309
61
91
36
71
50

450
IIS
332
41
94
19
151
27

405
82
323
30
87
4
160
42

345
109
236
23
92
13
83
25

7 0 .5 0
78. Ob
69.00
8 2.50
7 8 .0 0
6 3.50
6 1.50
69. 00

.
-

_
_
-

58
1
57
25
32
-

280
7
273
1
18
237
17

283
11
272
8
_
19
208
37

216
46
170
19
39
9
72
31

475
79
396
27
71
41
189
68

459
86
373
49
89
14
111
110

182
4T
141
26
53
21
24
17

231
76
155
22
66
15
31
21

17 0
60
no
15
64
1
8
22

58
21
37
6
24
1
6

39
5
34
16
17
1
-

84
7
77
63
12
2
-

22
16
6
4
2
-

3 7 .0
3 7.0

80.50
82.56
80. 00
80. 00

_
-

.
.

.
-

17
10
7
7

48
8
40
40

61
27
34
34

281
24
257
252

202
42
160
142

155
4i
112
94

236
41
195
188

167
21
146
143

182
40
142
130

50
8
42
36

118
39
79
65

36. 5
36. 5
36. 5
3 6 .0
3 7 .0

82. 00
82. 50
82.00
92.50
8 1.50

_
-

.
-

18
18
-

15
15
5

33
24
•9
2

39
10
29
15

36
4
32
6
21

60
19
41
1
8

89
IS
71
6
20

75
62
12
8
-

72
26
42
4
18

78
9
69
38
-

53
1
52
18
19

69
23"
46
42
4
-

40
2
15
rfH — r r — r l
28
13
.
15
-

M.i

53.50
0
5” " 5 3 .5 6 "
53.50
0
0
55.5 0
0
56.50
5
4 9 .5 0
0
53. 00
51. 00
5

5,099
401
1,507
196
1,645
1,350
'

156
26
130
15
66
49

_
-

36.
" 35.
36.
36.
36.
37.
36.
35.

3,291
a t
2, 632
258
316
177
1, 588
293

7 7 .5 0
36 .5
“ 31573“ T T F
7 6 .5 0
36.5
38. 0
9 2 .5 0
82.5 0
36. 5
7 0 .5 0
37.5
36. 0
7 4 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
35.5

7.253

301
173
54 ' 47
247
126
101
29
68
36
17
1
66
41
11
3

-

-

54
3b
18
18
_
-

-

604

~TT"
~ T~
427
16
48
29
196
138

1615 2038
""T43
W
1216 1295
54
127
247
306
84
49
476
371
442
355

_
-

71
21
- “n r s r
21
5
3
.
9
6
3
6
40
10
-

_

39

758
1565
323
n r - T ? T - — 97“
567
226
1155
128
40
9
101
479
219
14
2
15
267
180
85
267
113
29
148
444
379
3 ~ n ~ — 15"
408
145 347
6
2
27
37
11
30
27
19
89 227
329
50
36
10

170

— r—
v
12
1
14
65
3
33
6

456

~m
~

33
4
9

13
24
230
67

407
----- 97“
310
10
35
22
196
47

417

,257
rn r
142
80
45

203
32
171
82
45

327
30
38
17
212
30

i
2

298
IW
198
28
39
19
98
14

215
45
170
48
22
7
83
10

I ll
42
69
48
7
14
-

151
50
101
62
30
2
6
1

49
8
41
8
26
4
3

61
16
45
3
12
1
16
13

27
6
21
1
2
18
'

22
1
21
1
2
18
“

1
1
1
■

13
8
5
5

18
13
5
3

5
I
4

2
2
-

1
1
-

13
1-3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■
-

■
■

2
2
■

5
5
1
2
2
-

4
4
2
2

-

"
“

W omen
B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h in e )_____
M anufacturing -------- ---- --------------------Nonmanufacturing _______ ______ _______
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
Finance t ___________________

See footnotes at end of table




1.568
fa r
1, 136
348
566

3 6 .5
i6 .
3 6 .5
3 7 .0
3 5 .5

i

6 8 .5 0
T O T
6 7 .5 0
73.0 0
6 2 .0 0

62

-

-

-

39

■

36

62
62

-

254

—T
T
233
16
200

166
278
S T - — 99“
iio
179
36
51
54
75

257
BZ"“
173
75
49

-

■

6

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a sis,
by industry division , New Y ork, N. Y . , A p ril 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS 07-

Aviuoi
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of

%

s
s
s
•
l
>
s
I
W
eeklyj
0
35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55.00 i o . 0 *65. 00 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 85. 00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 .110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
“
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
40. 00 4 5 .0 0 50.00 55.00 6 0 .0 0 65. 00 7 0 .0 0 75.0 0 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100,00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120,00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

W omen— Continued
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) _
..
________________
M anufacturing ______ _________________
Nonmanufacturing __ ___________ ___
R etail trade 1 .......................................

1,037
21l
826
333

3 6 .5
" 3 6 .5
3 6.5
3 8.5

$
7 2 .0 0
71700
7 2 .5 0
6 8.50

B ookkeeping- m achine •
ope rator s,
c la s s A . ______________ ____________ ____
M anufacturing _____ ____ ______
Nonmanufacturing
____
__ _
W holesale t r a d e __________________
R etail trade *
___________
Finance ■ _________________________
}
■

1.753
534
1,219
195
101
858

3 6 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

7 6 .5 0
78. 60
7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
75 .5 0

34
3
31
23

108
29
79
.50

64
62
31

137
42
95
51

199
7
192
105

5
5
.
5

25
6
22
_
2
8

97
16
84
7
5
71

265
44
221
36
8
176

350
357
iz ir “ m r
23 0 227
44
38
14
27
167
155

-

6 6 .0 0
72. 00
6 5.50
7 5 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
67 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

.
-

.
_
-

41
. "
41
.
.
40
1

3 6 .0
36. 0”
3 6 .0
36. 0
36 .5
38. 0
3 5.5
3 6 .0

8 4 .0 0
86. 50
83.50
92.5 0
8 7 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
83.5 0

.
.
.
.
-

_
.
.
T

_
.
.
“

5 .770
1, 115
4,6 5 5
440
758
1, 167
1,262
1,028

36 .5
36. 5
3 6 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .0
3 6 .0

6 6 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
6 5.50
7 7 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

4
4
4
-

108
9
99
.
8
88
3
"

143
65
105
1
4
50
49
1

3. 177
*591
2 ,5 8 6
188
474
1,589
244

3 6 ,0
" T 5 :5 "
3 6 .0
3 6 .5
3 5 .5
3 6 .0
3 6 .0

6 8.00
73. 00
6 6 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 4.50
6 9 .0 0

2
.
2

136
5
131
»
123

6.057
T97
5 ,460
119
655
192
4 ,2 5 6
238

3 6 .0
3 5 .5 ’
36. 0
3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .0
36. 0
3 6 .0

C le rk s , accounting cla s s A __________ _
M anufacturing ____ _____. . . ____ _____
Nonmanufacturing ___________ ________
P u blic u tilitie s* ___________ *_____
W holesale t r a d e _______________ ___
R etail trade a ______________ ______
Finance f ___ — ___
S e r v i c e s ______________________ ___

3.232
760
2,472
188
622
232
693
737

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B - ........ ........
M anufacturing . . . _____ _______________
Nonmanufacturing ________ __ ________
P u blic u tilitie s* _________________
W holesale trade _______j__________
R etail trade 1 _____________________
Finance f ______________ ____ ___
S erv ices

C lerk s, file, cla ss A —_______ ____ _____
M anufacturing ........ ......
N on m an u factu rin g ..... .............................
P u blic u tilitie s* _____ ___________
W holesale trade
________ _____
Finance t ____________
—____
S e r v i c e s __
— —




8
6
2
2
1
1
.
1
-

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s B
_ .......................... ....................
M anufacturing
____________
__ __
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilitie s *
__ ___________
W holesale t r a d e ______________ ____
R etail trade * __________
Finance f . .. ____________ -_____
S e r v i c e s __________________________

See footnotes at end of table

_

-

“

-

.
.
2

8

288
22
266
33

431
"T 6 1
"
355
2
25
115
175
38

43
6
40
.
6
5
28
. 1

192
66
159
1
25
20
90
23

933
T IT
812
9
27
285
325
166

1166
1?9
967
36
145
227
302
257

202
408
21 ------ 5T “
181
350
6
19
87
302
38
23

8
4
4
1

-

-

-

-

50
68
33
------- T - " I T - — z r
42
56
9
.
1
4
_
.
1
54
9
29

5
4
1
1
.
-

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

25
8
17
1
16
-

4
4

2
2
"

1
1
■

188
51
137
12
51
2
46
26

187
41
146
23
68
2
29
24

100
25
75
10
24
13
28

35
24
11
5
5
1

77
26
51
12
2
7
30

78
57
41
21
17
3
.
“

43
6
37
22
8
1
6
■

10
6
4
4
.
■

8
4

69
55
34
9
9
15
1

72
29
43
27

34
17
17
5
5
7

16
6
10

7
5
2

-

-

10'

2

58
21
37
6

360
IT T
221
37
30
136

100
27
13
48

263
20
243
14
56
11
121
41

186
73
29
4 4 " — r — Z2”
142
54
7
3
2
3
87
2
19
1
28
41
3
11
3
-

415
132
283
15
44
30
89
105

447
99
348
15
85
25
107
116

592
96
496
53
91
95
78
179.

423
127
296
26
92
17
47
114

572
958 777
166 “ T I T "
602
425
792
64
111
73
134
196
67
114
117
131
198
94
55
75
265
125

275
68
207
35
77
19
42
34

173
29
144
48
46
6
7
37

100

386
1325 1377
733
693
919
109 — r r - r n r
T T ------ 47 TTET
354
1276 1291
810
674
551
.
_
1
63
33
6
33
75
* 102
72
203
6
26
37
61
26
23
1210 1136
420
226
342
673
11
7
58
43
63
3
3
_
3
.
"

2
1
1
1

57
30
27
21

202
22
180
3
65
20
63
29

556
689
I T T — 5T ”
472
562
20
23
133
92
271
413
24
37

310
73
237
10
21
16
99
91

'"IT "'
T

392
TT"
330
35
1IB
157
20

258
64 \
194
23
54
81
27

228
46
182
22
39
81
40

135

27

i

26
6

15
'l l
4
3

r

u

• 76
18

8

33
17

-

7
7

29
16
13
13
- ■

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

‘

■

"

-

-

54
*3
41
8
29
4
■

4
1
3
3

6
2
4
4

_
■

.
-

.

13
4
9
1
2

-

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

6
“

“

2

i

“

-

8
8
» .

i-

*
-

7
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a sis,
by industry d ivision , New Y ork, N. Y . , A p ril 1959)

Avbh o
an
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w er*
ork

NU BER O W RK
M
F O ERS RECEIVING STRAIGH
T-TIM W
E EEKLY EARN GS O
IN
F

1
1
s
8
•
1
1
s
1
•
I
1
1
t
»
1
W
eekly , W
eekly , 35. 00 40.00 45.00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65.00 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 80.00 *85.00 90. 00< 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
h
our* 1 o rn H* and
B itiR
(Standard) (H n iu ) under
ta d rd
and
AJkm 44- 00 SU 0
L.Q
A2JLM 130.00 U3JL0. 14Q.00 JiiL&X.,

Women—
-Continued
Clerks, file, class B _________________
Manufacturing _ ____ ______________
_
Nonmanufacturing
______________
Public utilities* .............................
Wholesale trade _________________
Retail trade 1 _________ __________
Finance f ..........................................
S e rv ice s ______ _____ __________ _

8, 920
1,328
7,592
636
840
609
4,912
595

36. 5
TOP
36.5
36. 5
36.5
37.5
36.0
36.0

$
55.00
59.00
54.50
59.00
58.00
53.00
53.00
58.00

33
33
.
32
1

267
42
225
8
20
197
"

.
.
“

7
.
7
3
4

31
TT“
20
12
8

159
88
71
36
34

263
356 253
136
229 401
111 - " w “ S r i - n r T " — 8r
142
244
187
53
119 258
111
210
166
35 214
45
28
8
82
34
43
21

.
-

14
lo
4
.
.
4
_
-

138
42
96
29
40
7
20

102
21
81
1
12
40
18
10

181
72
109
3
6
33
30
37

254

6
.
6
.
6
-

44
6
38
3
19
16
■

168
10
158
20
111
3
24

396
40
356
33
24
175
93
31

715
89
626
40
88
259
168
71

749
69.9
77 “ n r
672
555
76
63
131
229
148
149
120
141
111
59

Clerks, o r d e r ________ _______________
Manufacturing .. ... .________ ___ ____
Nonmanufacturing ___ __________ .....
Wholesale trade _________________
Retail trade 1 ______ _________

2. 020
823
1, 197
919
271

37.0
36.5
37.0
36. 5
38.5

68.00
67.50
68.50
69.50
64.50

Clerks, payroll _______ _______________
Manufacturing _____ ___________ _____
Nonmanufacturing __________ ______ ;
Public utilities* ________________
Wholesale trade ________________
Retail trade 1 ___________________
Finance f ________________ ______
S e r v ic e s _______ ____ ________ _

2,477
860
1,677
116
439
399
371
352

36.5
36.3
36.5
36.0
36. 0
37.0
35.5
36.5

77.50
78. 00
77.50
78.50
83.00
70.50
79.50
75.00

_
Comptometer operators _________ ___
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing_ _______________
_
Public utilities * _______________
Wholesale trade _________ ________
Retail trade 1 ___________________
Finance t ______ ________________
Service a -____________ ________ ___

4.266
824
3,442
401
716
1, 114
787
424

36.5
36. 0
36.5
36. 0
36.5
36.5
35.5
36.0

70.50
7 6 .6o
69.50
75. 00
71.00
67.00
69.00
69.50

.
-

1823
"750
1673
75
107
179
1242
70

2788 1894
322 340
2466 1554
175
149
173
185
220
82
1832 896
92 216

Duplicating-machine operators
216
__________ _
(mimeograph or ditto)
Nonmanufacturing ................................ ----- TJT '

36.0
61.50
3T .V 1 0 7

.
25
29
- T T “ — 2T

Key-punch o p e ra to rs _______________ ...
M anufacturing-------------------------------Nonmanufacturing_ ______ ________
_
Public utilities* ________________
Wholesale tra d e -------------------— —
Retail trade 1 ___________________
Finance |
B
S e rv ice s ________________________

5. 993
in n
4,870
824
699
449
2,456
442

36.5
36. 0
36.5
37.0
36.5
37.5
36.0
35.5

5
.
5
3
2
-

Office g i r l s _______________ _____ — . .
_

52.00
36.0
1.869
"236 ■ ~ 3 3 :r ■TSTTP
1,633
36.0
52.00
50.50
325
35.5
36.0
52.50
1,009

Public u t ilit ie s * ________
_
Finance t -— --------— —
------ —

See footnotes at end of table■




65.50

"68."50
64.50
66.50
66.50
62.00
63.50
67.00

290
?3
267
.
153
15
97

2

591

939

847
184
17
89
489
68

VST — 9JT1

582
121'
461
79
115
35
158
74

285
78
207
42
45
8
85
27

127
b9
58
11
8
3
20
16

56
34
22
14
.
.
8
-

22
17
5
5
.
.
-

18
T4
4
4
.
_

6
1
5
5

.
.
_
.
_

■

2
2
_
.
.
.
.
“

124
16
6
37
5 T ----- IT T T ------- 3 2
25
69
64
23
2
2
5
-

.
.
._
.
.
—

_
.
>
.
.
-

1
r
.
•

-

.

.
.
_

_
_
.
>
-

25
4
21
7
10
4
■

.
■

1
1

_
■

_
.
.
-

_
■

1
1
.
•

.
.
.
.
“

_
*

356 340
TOT 101
247 239
15
3
24
79
67
78
57
71
33
59

291
135
156
12
33
5
26
80

332
110
222
16
79
31
44
52

200
4'1
159
9
108
20
16
6

127
43
84
14
11
44
15

37
23
14
5
4
1
3
1

26
2
24
2
12
9
1

17
3
14
8
6
■

30
zr

6
2

4

4
4

596
l36
440
82
94
92
117
55

394
103
291
20
67
47
108
49

197
101
96
27
32
23
2
12

103
...TO
83
20
17
32
3
11

115
39
76
27
9
23
16
1

45
26
19
2
17
-

25
7
18
13
5
-

5
2
3

6
4
2

3
3

3

2

3

15

7
r

3
3

-

-

“

“

890 522
291
1075 1156
179 T 7 T “ ■ n o r n r
— w
708 387
198
896 928
74
74 161
88
69
80
182
27
39 128
4
48
42
65
95
297
166
62
602 457
36
86 117
25
93

103
40
63
16
36
8
3

73
ZB
45
19
5
17
4

41

1
0
1J
T

3
3

2

2
2
2

4
4
-

2
2

_
-

54
43
T9“ — J T

489
121
14
87
259
8

16
1026
126 311
' - — J T “ ! T — 79" “
947
16
91 256
'91
219
642
90
16
52

1017
138
879
77
199
62
442
99

254
71
T r-— rr
226
59
2
13
154
29

199
3
56
70
32
38

2
1

TT"

50
IT " —
35
24

19

17 — r~ —

4
r
2

-

2

1
- —
1
-

4
r
-

-

8

33
18
14
1
■

2
2

-

4

■

■

_

8

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly h ours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , New Y ork, N. Y . , A p ril 1959)
Aviraoe
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

8
8
S
8
s
8
8
$
s
S
s
s
8
8
8
1
s
$
>
8
8
8
W
eekly
W
eekly 35. 00 40. 00 4 5 .0 0 50.0 0 55. 00 6 0.00 6 5.00 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 80. 00 8 5.00 9 0 .0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
hours1 earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard)
and
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 85.00 90.00 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

W om en— C ontinued
3 4 ,778
9, $40
2 4 ,8 3 8
2,4 7 4
6,274
lj 066
8,457
6,567

36. 0
3 5.5
36. 0
36. 5
36. 0
3 7.5
3 6 .0
3 5.5

88. 00
$2. 50
8 6 .5 0
94. 00
87. 50
8 5 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 4.00

16,424
4 ,712
11,712
1,257
2,392
515
5, 680
1, 868

36. 0
35 .5
3 6 .0
3 6 .0
3 5.5
36. 5
36. 0
35. 5

71. 00
76. bo
6 9 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
68. 50
66. 00
71. 50

Stenographers, t e c h n ic a l_______ ______
M anufacturing _______________________
Nnnmanufacturing
..........
P u blic u tilitie s*

857
393
464
121
125

35 .5
3$. 5
36. 0
37. 0
36. 0

8 5.00
9 1 .5 0
80. 00
8 1 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

Sw itchboard op era to rs ___ __ - — —
M anufacturing
. _ _.
Nonmanufacturing
____ ____ ___
P u blic u tilitie s*
W holesale t r a d e __________________
Retail trade 3

6,441
996
5,451
668
861
474
1,999
1,449

3 7 .0
3 5 .5
3 7 .0
37. 5
3 6 .5
38. 0
3 6 .5
3 8 .0

7 0 .0 0
76. 56
6 9 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
64.5 0
6 9 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

S e cre ta rie s ____________ ________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities * ____
_ ___
R etail trade * _____________________
Finance t - ______________ ______
S erv ices _ ___
Stenographers, g e n e r a l__ __ ____ ___
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________ _____ __
Nonmanufacturing __ __________ _ ___
R ib lic utilitie s * -------------------------W holesale trade __________ _____ _
Finance
S e rv ice s

..

.

S e r v i c e s __________________________

T ran scribin g-m ach in e op e ra to rs.
M a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------Nonmanufa cturing
______
ti-ade
.......... .......... _

See footnotes at end of table,




_
.

_
_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

62
62
-

_
_

_
_

62

_
_

_
_

-

1
1

_

14
2
12
_
_
5
3
4

118
19
99

372
29
343
20
2
4
304
13

1447
1*9
1318
70
19
42
1126
61

2
2
2

6
6
1
5

45
8
37
7
16

59
8
51
21
26

700
21
679
14
37
98
133
397

1244
121
1123
42
127
117
* 332
505

-

-

-

_

_

23

234

-

-

23

.
_
_

_
_
_
7
- . 16
-

234
43
3
45
124
19

6 9 .5 0
69.5 0 '
6 9 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
6 6.50
6 8 .0 0

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

7
_
7
_
7
_
_

16
_
16
_
_
16
_

95
----- 1
T
.83
38
_
3
41

7 5 .0 0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5 “ 757CTT
3 7 .0
7 5 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
3 8 .5
7 4 .5 0
3 6 .5

.
_
_

_

_
_

29
29
4

•

.

3 7 .0
Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ___
2 .2 6 9
— Lr w
' ' 3775"
M anufacturing
_
___
1,374
37. 0
3 7 .0
547
W holesale t r a d e _______ _________
Retail t r a d e 3
_
120
36. 5
pipa)nr* I . _ _ .
_
__
168
3 6 .5
S er v ic e s _
_
_______ __ m
442
36. 5 .
895
Tabulating-m achine o p e r a t o r s -------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------ — m ~
N on m an u factu rin g______________ ____
789
108
P u blic u tilitie s *
_____ ...
Finance |
..
____
490

_
.
_
.

2 ,4 1 0
36. 0
■ ^ 69 1 ’ T&TTT
1,841
3 6 .0
36. 0
683
920
3 5 .5

7 0 .0 0
7 3 .5 0 ’
6 9 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

12
----- j 9
9

731 2209
124
616
607 1693
48
22
74
264
42
89
694
223
598
246

3140 4487
it l
1145
2433 3342
185
325
844
269
58
143
977 1071
944
959

5373 4319
ll6 0 1581
4213 3318
326
255
1275
982
161
169
1335 1234
1108
686

2732 3425
864
646
2086 2561
287
159
356
443
118
128
1213 1204
240
499

2655 2289
848
693
1807 1596
164 208
390
539
116
59
764
507
373
283

1637
488
1149
192
415
29
234
279

940
476
464
99
129
4
151
81

400
245
155
22
16
7
86
24

215
145
67
15
42
3
4
3

158
16'3
55
9
33
3
4
6

42
25
17
8
3
_
6

85
18
67
7
15

117
40
77
17
13

99
42
57
9
13

104

132
77
55
9
5

105
64
41
28
3

54
3'B
16

23
26
3

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1100
228
872
94
128
61
408
181

1189
156
1034
210
190
95
423
116

824
171
653
97
179
21
282
74

533
92
441
75
137
7
146
76

304
152
80
49
224
103
42
16
48
1
18
79 - 42
54
27

99
46
53
32
7
4
10
• -

30

5
5

2
2

.

_

_

_

_

12
3
5
_
4
-

_

_

_

_

.

_
_
.
-

_
_
-

_
_

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_

-

_
_
_
-

441
477
165
5TT” ...504 ' w
237
258
105
110
31
53
8
17
29
68
19
9
80
57
72

358
129
229
123
4
17
73

386
161
225
90
25
19
70

130
42
88
40
30
4
11

92
17
75
60
13
2

34
2b
8
8

8
6
2
2
-

42
1
41
28

18
IS
-

-

-

-

~
-

~
-

•-

-

-

166

“

“
“
-

■
-

“
-

.

2

I

2
“
2

36 .
7
20
36

10
10
8

91
— nr
81
3
43

454
46
302
------- T — r ~ ” 1156
298
348
37
4
111
153
178
31
155

6
2

52
20
26

4432 2859
'l i i i
932
3090 1927
328
261
934
529
120
107
648
972
749
369

1992 1529
721 — 5T5"
1271
971
122
157
485
231
56
49
386
306
228
222

18

1070
459
611
137
148
26
181
119

829
374
456
81
100
18
144
113

552
274
278
89
88
11
64
31

44
14
30
4
5
_
15
6

4
4
_
_
_

_
.
_
_

8
9
8 ------ 9“
_

436
155
182
350
256 — 9 T —
— TST
186
90
75
166
47
20
26
45
9
7
.
4
1
40
20
70
69
57
24
44
30

4

_
_
_

2
2
2 ------ T ~

_

_
_
_
_
•
_

1
1
_
_
1

3
2
3 ------ 2~

_

1
1
1

_

168
4
121

132
11
81

138
14
101

75
29
46
7
34

95
2
93
19
71

57
8
49
19
18

29
5
24
13
8

10
1
9
8
1

6
6
6
-

6
2
4
4
-

.
■
•
-

•
-

■
■
-

421
117
304
64
181

413
76
337
109
186

360

199

•43
27
16
8
8

26
14
12
6
3-

24
l6
8

• 3

.

4

_

14^
81
52

98
39
59

3

255
n?
76

3
3

3
3

4

I

188

133
------- j_

2
8

10
6

2
6

25

2

4

4

I
“

2
-------F~
_
_
-

-

9
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division , New Y ork, N. Y . , A p ril 1959)
Avxi AO
l
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

T y p ists, c la s s A _____ __________________
Manufacturing ______________ ______ _
Nonmanufacturing __________________
P u blic utilities * _________________
W holesale trade _________________
R etail trade 2 ____________________
Finance f ________________________
S e r v i c e s ________ ____ ________

8,677
1,535
7, 142
656
1, 007
193
3,927
1,359

T yp ists, c la s s B _______________________
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
P u blic u tilitie s * _________________
W holesale t r a d e ...............................
R etail trade 2 ____________________
Finance
S e r v i c e s __ ____ _______________

13,547
Z7T Z T
11,418
730
1,207
534
7,325

*
2
*
t

1,622

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

*

S
$
S
S
s
$
s
S
S
s
s
s
s
s
•
s
s
*
s
•
W
eekly j W
eekly . 3 5.00 4 0 .0 0 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 0 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 0 8 5.00 90. 0 95.00 10 .0 105.00 110 0 115.00 12 .0 125.00 s
0
0
0
00
.0
00
130.00 135.00 140.00
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
.
.
_
and
-IP.. Q 45. Q 50.00 5 5.00 6Q, Q . 65. Q 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 80.00 85.00 90.0 0 95.00 10 .0 105.00 110 0 115.00 12 .0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over
Q
Q
00
.0
Q
Q
00
«
P
.
6 7 .5 0
3 5 .5
30
1806 1559
423 1720
915
1035
502
233
157
158
61
30 ------ 2
6 12
2 -------2
2
2
2
.
73. 60
3 5 .5
-------jH -------31
111
232
268
276 .’ 286
42
4 -------91
43
15
6b
4b
6 6 .5 0
35 .5
30
392 1609 . 1574 1291
411
756
164
108
116
18
629
2
1
8
15
_
_
36. 0
7 0 .5 0
111 8
8
58
124
61
1
65
37
3
97
5
3
3
_
_
_
_
_
36. 0
71. 00
2 0 151
6
83
118
135
163
51
8
6
1
0
14
8
_
_
_
_
36 5 65.0
.
0
7
1
38
60
24
7
2
2
2
1
49
_
_
*
6 3 .5 0
35 .5
28
192 1208
714
327
267
64
995
4
63
4
4
8
49
35 .5
1
69. 0
0
82
192
127
2
12 242
190
30
12
209
59
3
_
.
_
_
_
36. 0
*
60.0 0
2756 3206
151
382
2815 1926
60
28
839
1123
1
225
33
2
_
_
3b. U 64.6 b
277 “ 3 7 3 ' 45b
5
85
2 6 152
2
116
26 “2i
29
2
_
36. 0
59.5 0
146 754
2365 1567
230
2479 2833
895
31
1
5
3
109
_
_
_
_
3 7 .0
6 4 .5 0
74
157
181
96
54
18
16
131
3
_
_
_
36. 0
6 5.00
187
40
352
250
214
58
4
4
_
•
•
1?0 114
59.00
4
32
10
0
6
3 6 .5
2
0
143
3
1
5
3 6 .0
57.0 0
142 721
2105 1977
720
56
17
1291
291
36. 0
6 3 .5 0
1
398
398
74
92
366
274
1
6
3
-

1
\

T

_

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hou rs.
E xcludes lim ite d -p ric e variety s to r e s .
Tran sportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m u nication, and other public utilities,
Finan ce, in su ran ce, and real estate.

Table A -la :

O ffice O ccupations- Central O ffices

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
in central o ffic e s , New Y ork, N. Y . , A p ril 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING! STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
N m er
u b
of
w rk rs
o e

Sex and occupation

...........
....

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a t o r s --------------

606
202
1, 072
379

35. 0
35.5
35 .5
3 5 .5

$
9 3.00
7 8 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
80. 00

220
437
525
385
728
158
905
634
177
5,543
3 ,300
399
501

3 5 .5
3 5 .0
36. 0
35 .5
35 .5
36. 0
3 6 .0
3 6 .5
3 5 .0
3 5 .5
3 5 .5
3 5.0
3 5.5

7 9 .5 0
88.0 0
7 0 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
6 2.50
7 9 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
5 3 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
91 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

345
862
1,060

35. 0
3 5 .0
3 5.5

7 7 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
6 5.00

_

_

_

_

1
221

48

5
422

12
191

0
0

Men
C lerk s, ? rrnnpt ing, class A
C le rk s , accounting, class R

d
a

O
O

I
T
I
T

s
s
*
s
s
t
1
s
»
*
$
$
$
s
S
$
s
s
t
S
$
r
W ly 1 W
eek
eekly 1 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 5 5 .0 0 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 l i o . o o 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
hu
o rs
e rn g
a in s
(S n a ) (S n a ) and
ta d rd
ta d rd
and
60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75.0 0 8 0 .0 0 85.00 90.00 95.00
[105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over
*<!?&& so. 00

9

3

_

4

-

2

"

"

"

_

_

1
1

2
-

-

2
-

-

12
13
98
43

20
28
46
34

39
45
14
67

92
16
6
58

66
34
12
47

68
16
12
52

65
1
2
22

49
3

60

40
12

28
4

26
12

9

16

.

25

13

4

9

2

I

26
8
60
60
80
22
116
87
15
113
618
13
83

22
48
77
53
48
32
156
102
150
602
16
68

49
70
77
43
54
10
161
89
1
415
451
33
120

28
64
13
35
31
25
105
52
607
359
45
58

44
42
26
20
17
14
71
25
530
273

9
20
29
29
5
18
49
8

4
48
18
7
26

2
i?
6
4
2
2
6

13
8
3
3
2

1
13
4
6
4

10
1

608
140
62
35

470
92
40
5

505
24
20

353
17
8

11

14
56
20
31
14
7
24
18
2
762
195
82
16

306
4
9

51
153
140

55
196
98

71
173
92

32
69
55

39
53
21

23
30
28

21
37
6

8
41
2

-

-

W omen
Bodkkee^>ing-machine o p e ra to rs,
C le r k s ,
C le r k s ,
C le r k s ,
C le rk s ,

accounting, c la s s A _______ ___
accounting, c la s s B ___________<
■
file , c la s s A
____ . . — ---file, c la s s B — ____ ___ ____

C om ptom eter o p e r a t o r s -----------------------K ey-punch op era to rs ----------------------------O ffice g ir ls -------------------------------------------Stenographers, general -------------------------Stenographers, technical ----------------------Switchboard np*,ra t° r «
T ra n scribin g-m ach in e op e ra to rs,
general -----------------—----------------*-----------T yp ists, c la s s B -------------------------------------

6
6
55
30
170
4
77
75
18

2

-

27

9

-

3
1
.

45
3
15
49

8

2
87

1
26
277

44
66
246

-

-

15
12
96
53
103
2
84
106
11
21
399
9
80

3
18

-

159
10
21
54
80

. _

-

15

“

-

-

“

8

I ll

9

_

3

4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

212

182

72

82

63

92

2

2

3

2

[

:

-

-

-

-

:

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




_

Central (or district administrative) offices are establishments primarily engaged in general administrative, supervisory, purchasing, accounting, and other management functions performed centrally for other
establishments of the same company. They are classified on the basis of the most appropriate major industry group representing the prim activity of the establishments served.
ary
The majority of central offices were classified in manufacturing; the remainder were in retail trade, public utilities, and wholesale trade. They are appropriately represented in the estimates for these
major groups and for all industries and nonmanufacturing in the Series A tables.
The last previous tabulation of occupational earnings in central offices appeared as Table A-1 Supplement: Office occupations—Central offices —an insert for Bull. 1202-17, Occupational Vase Survey,
New York, N.Y.,. April 1957.

10
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division , New Y ork, N« Y « , A p ril 1959)
NS
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARN!E G OF-

Avbmaos
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orker*

9
9
1
9
9
9
9
9
9
i
•
s
•
s
eekly , Under 1 0 .0 0 *65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 *125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00
W
eakly, W
hour* 1 earning*1 $
and
and
(Standard) (Standard)
60.00 under 70.00 75.00 80.00
m u m 115.00 160-00 oyer
lULflfl 13.5..00 140.00
Q
65.00
Q
85.00 on. on 95-j.Qj 100.Q 105J10 n n nn 115.00 120^00

Men
400
212
188

? 6 6 .50
162.50
171.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

127. 50
114. 50
133.50
134.00
131.00
134.00

2
2
-

5
2
3
2
1

55
50
5
2
3

141
liO
31
2
4
17

"
158
134
24
4
18

1

3 8 .5
37. 5
3 9.0
3 5.0
3 6 .5
3 9 .5

26
13
13
2
9

-

3,862
1,203
2 .659
87
68
2 ,3 9 7

P u blic utilities * -----------------------------

38.0
38. 5
37 .5

244
116
128
3
125

234
119
115
1
6
106

1,438
476
962
68
794

38. 5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .0
3 9 .5

87. 50
182.00
90.5 0
86.00
91.0 0

44

86
39
47
7
36

144
77
67
15
49

126
80
46
9
30

176
7d
106
12
86

207
85
122
1
113

167
39
128
6
84

111
29
82
4
73

61
13
48
3
35

45
4
41
2
29

604
ZT5
388
82
72
170

37 .0
38. 0
3 6 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .0
3 6 .0

9 3 .0 0
97. Ob
9 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
86. 50
89.50

6
6
-

11
11
5
-

13
1
12

62
2s
37
9
21
7

44
l9
25
8
5
12

125
32
93
11
13
59

105
21
84
13
7
27

84
37
47
5
12
29

46
13
33
18

50
26
24

35
9
26
25

57
13
44
-

23
23
-

4
2
2

1
1
"

42
l9
23

7
6
1

5
2
3

16
8
8

15
7
8

19 *266
128
16
138
3

195
85
no
2
3
99
104
15
89
7
76

103
74
29
2
4
13

455
134
321
20
5
287

332
104
228
6
218

344
64
280
13
13
227

311
71
240
1
5
217

122
5
117
3
4
110

294
12
282
2
272

59
59
59

44
44
44

10
2
8
1
7

4
4
4

2
1
1
1
-

369
42
327
4
5
314
-

88
384
45
2i
43 *363
8
18
3
8
24
337
-

15
... 1*
1
1
4
12
“

17
10
7
2
"

8
3
5
1
-

5
4
1

5
3
2
2

7
7
“

-

W om en

R etail tra d e 4 — ---------------------------- —
Finance f — ............................— ....... ...
1
*
*
4
*
t

6

6

4
4
4

6

4
2

4

1

“

-

1
i
■

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rresp on d to these w eekly h ours.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 31 at $160 to $165; 42 at $165 to $170; 30 at $170 to $175; 25 at $175 to $180; 38 at $180 to $185; 56 at $185 to $190; 44 at $190 and over.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 231 at $160 to $165; 72 at $165 to $170; 50 at $170 to $175; 10 at $180 and ov e r.
Excludes lim ite d -p ric e va rie ty s to r e s .
T ransportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities,
F inance, insurance, and re a l estate.

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
b y industry divisio n . New Y ork, N. Y . , A p ril 1959)

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
w
orker*

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS 0 7 9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
Average
hourly i Under 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .00 2. 10 2.2 0 2.3 0 2 .40 2.50 2 .60 2. 70 2 .80 2 .90 3.00 3. 10 3.20
earning* $
and
under
1.40
1.50 1.60 If 70 lr$0 il,9 0 2 .0 0 2.1 0 2 .20 2 .30 2.40 2 .50 2 .60 2 .70 2.00 2 .90 5.00 3.10 3.20 3.30

C arp en ters, m aintenance •
M anufacturing •
Nonmanufacturing ~
P u blic utilities * R etail trade * -----Finance | —— —
S erv ices -------------

1,157
369
788
152
254
192
180

1. 57
2. 63
2 .5 4
2.81
2 .6 8
2 .5 6
2 .09

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance
M an u factu rin g-------------N onm anufacturing
P u blic utilities * —
—
R etail trade* — — —
Finance f — --------- S erv ices ------------------

1,632
727
905
188
129
276
307

2 .63
t ; 81
2 .4 8
2 .6 4
2 .70
2.62
2 .1 7

See footn otes at end o f table




_
•

62
•
62

76
•
76

36
13
23

.
-

_
62

4
15
57

1
3
18

107
•
107
-

64
•
64
-

19
5
14
3

107

1

5
6

"

„ -

63

16
16
1
5
10

109
62
47
4
37
3
3

66
42
24
8
6
10

58
29
29
8
17
4
-

148
64
84

114
30
84
7
25

64
35
29
4

61
35
26

147
48
99
35
46
18

173
138
35

16

36

1
16'
8

11

14
1

2

80

2

12
3
19
1

58
12
46
1
41
4
-

230
34
196
85
60
41

133
37
96

134
76
58
27

301
53
218
52
3^
104
22

117
57
60

16
6
9

2

40
26
28

6
6

10
34

73
18
55

2
2
33
.
-

52
22
30
24
4
2

16
3
13
3
9
1
-

5
5

95
18
77
31

41
40

39

1

-

12

34

29

2b
3
3

9

9
9
3.40 3.50

3.40

3.50

3.60

10
8

13
12
1
•
1

4
4
.
«
.

15
•
15
15
-

-

-

-

l1
-

2
•
2

-

1

9

3.30

-

-

39

16

2
2
2

16
_
-

-

9
9
3.70 3.80
and
3.70 3.80 over
3.60

1
1

-

85
85
-

11

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in selected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division, New Y ork, N. Y . , A p ril 1959)

V
.

30
.0

0

O ccupation and industry division

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
Average} Undei \. 40 1.5 0 1 .6 0 ! . 70 } . 80 1.90 1 .0 0
*3.30 3.40 3.50 *3.60 3.70 *3.80
2
$ .6 0 *2. 70 2 .8 0 *2.90 *
2
*3. 10 •
2 .10 2 .2 0 # .3 0
40
and
earning* $
and
1.40 under
1.50 1.60 1. 70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 .6 0 2. 70 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3.0 0
3.3 0 3 .40 3. 50 3.60 3 .70 3.80 over
$
_
_
2 .8 0
30
8
51
3
24
180
152
65
113
22
63
66
121
116
206
62
85
121
79
19
50"
•
3. 13
8
Z
10
36
63
16
8
18
33
6
46
32
75
19
59
•
1
2. 62
30
24
30
50
6
1
57
58
46
162
160
26
111
116
119
29
.
a
a
a
a
2. 70
26
8
2
2
2
43
3
31
22
1
9
.
.
2. 76
8
16
22
3
16
11
3
12
21
1
9
.
1
a
1
1
24
10
6
13
8
115
101
18
1
12
2 .6 9
11
21
2.4 2
28
38
8
34
20
2
12
44
37
36
11
“
91
68
2 .2 0
38
32
24
4
47
43
104
36
36
66
165
133
63
76
a
s
a
2 .5 8
68
4
ZZ
52
Z1
46
2
13
27
Z3
5
33
45
4”
.
a
a
30
38
1
61
152
16
81
100
18
32
14
24
3
a
>
a
«
•
a
a
8
8
4
18
5
35
5
1 :1 !
28
41
14
“
1.82
30
17
152
17
7
9
31
48
50
20
18
52
227
52
28
2
1
2.11
321
207
86
1
479
a
a
■
50
Z. 03
17
8
32 TFT 115
1
5
42
13
4b
1
21
19
.
.
• .
2 .1 4
31
15
10
20
181
31
2
44
350
206
194
33
7
.
.
.
a
a
14
5
7
6
31
161
107
6
2 .1 9
181
2 .0 8
6
1
"
*
2
2
I
I
30
1.90
i
2
m
l! i
I
if
a
.
10
12
2 .6 6
26
2
2
16
5
16
2
12
10
Z. 66
10
26
2
Z
5
16
Z
11
"
.
38
60
87
140
64
76
18
156
2 .8 5
34
187
83
35
12
25
96
39
a
>
• , 80
a
Z. 84
18
156
31
33
76
46
"tzn
Z4
136
95
Z3
79
39
38
7
14
2 .9 3
4
4
31
12
1
3
lB
71
2 .52
20
38
18
1
504
126
20
58
10
3
34
48
807
851
97
75
103
115
65
■
*
•
Z . 63
62
18
28
5
21
85
24
2
25
163
58
10
1
2 .5 0
20
38
18
644
3
766
73
57
75
124
20
34
43
90
483
55
9
118
5
2 .5 0
644 415
38
40
56
53
3
116
2
1
32
28
158
7
76
26
23
2 .6 5
80
75
15
23
57
54
57
301
212
323
85
35
93
9
74
28
7
158
25'
8
zi
76
Z. 70
64
54
23
6
6
43
38
50 z28 TB IT' T 5 t i
19
9
9
.
6
1
66
3
71
56
26
51
52
16
31
11
43
73
1?
1
5
3
6
I: II
2
8
63
11
11
2
39
7
10
42
2 .3 3
3
11
10
5
51
12
29
.
.
.
.
18
6
45
3
36
13
2 .72
2
19
6
..2."75
Z4
5
43
3
2
12
19
.
.
.
.
a
a
25
30
34
30
2 .1 6
7
8
31
43
33
13
29
19
■g-i
>»
e
•
*
a
s
•
•
■
Z5
28
2 . 2z
7
23
28
31
Z5
10
32
TT“
1 .94
4
2
31
3
7
15
3
1
in

Num
ber
of
workers

3.2
0

3.10 3.20

1,586
560
1,026
149
122
343
361

E n gineers, stationary
M a n u fa c tu r in g ------Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities
Retail t r a d e * —
—
Finance f — — —
S ervices ——

*

Firemen, stationary boiler Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing •
Public utilities *
S e r v ic e s -------— —

935
366
570
83
315

Helpers, trades, maintenance •
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities * .
Finance f — —
Services

1,623
499
1,124
518
400
121

Machine-tool operators, toolroom —— —
Manufacturing-------------------------------------

112
112

Machinists, maintenance ..■ ■
■—
■ ■ ■ — 1,150
■
Manufacturing — — —— — — — —— i , w r
Nonmanufacturing —
... .
143
3,064
Mechanics, automotive (maintenance) —
Manufacturing — - .......... ................... ..... .....443
Nonmanufacturing
.. ■■■■■— ■
■■<■ ■ 2,621
Public utilities * ----------------------------1,523
1,811
Mechanics, maintenance •
"177B4”
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing •
525
Public u tilitie s *
151
180
S ervices —— — -—
Millwrights ---------------Manufacturing - — —
Oilers ------------------------Manufacturing — ■
Nonmanufacturing —

'

142
114
302

“

I T

39
7

11

1
10

Painters, maintenance
Manufacturing —
Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities *
Retail trade * —
Finance t Services
—Pipefitters, maintenance
Manufacturing »
Plumbers, maintenance ■
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing •
Finance f -------—
Services —— ■
Sheet-metal workers, maintenance
Manufacturing ...

1.139
zOi
938
115
88
254
481
231
1
421
63
358
128
156
83
64

2 .3 3
7773
2 .2 4
2.61
2 .5 9
2 .4 4
1.98
2 .6 5
2. 66
2 .3 4
z . 60
2 .2 9
2 .4 8
1.93
2 .6 6
z . 66

Tool and die makers
Manufacturing — ■

1.350
1,511

2 .8 7
2! 87

2
Z

5
5
.
.
5

7
2
5

183
>
183

213
Z
211

5

183

1
210

.
.

“

17
96

17

96

17

52
3
49
7
18
_
24
6
6
?5

96
B
88
17
■
55
16
.
-

35
ib
19
1
18
22
11

l

104
TS'"'
89
4
7
78
16
b

?i
6
85
41

92
ll
81
6
15
36
24
23
12
8
2
6
1

61
18
43
21
20
2
11
9
5

48
15
33
7
13
8
5
41
41 "

55
40
15
4
3
5
3
53
Si

16
6
10
1
>
3
6
12
1Z

113
7
106
48
10
48
17

58
9
49
40
8

17
11
6

52
15
37
29

'll
15
7
2

1

1
■
1
1
a
"
a
■
a

8
.... 8

37
37"

26
zb

11
11

4
4
2
2

2
2
a

25
1
24
.
-

25
1
24
13
11
3
3

1
1
.
-

4
3

15
10

23
22

8
8

12
1

1
-

9
9

2
2

4
4

-

2
2

"

43
is

6
at
5 1 St

14
!4

121
!!!

167
157

139
155

162
147

539
194

182
16!

288
Sob

Z3
73

23
!§

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* Excludes limited-price variety stores.
1 Workers were distributed as follows: 6 at $-3.80 to $ 3 .9 0 ; 57 at $3 .9 0 to $4; 16 at $4 and over.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
t Finance, insurance, and rear estate.




10

16

.

5

8
O

9
9

a

3

13
13

i

6

12

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area ba sis,
by industry division , New Y ork, N. Y . , A p ril 1959)

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
worker*

Elevator o p era tors , passenger (men)
M anufacturin g_________________
__ __
N onm anufacturing____ _____
R etail trade 3 „ ____
____ ____
Finance t __—
____
- ____
__
S ervices
______ .
____

5, 663
w

5,374
267
3, 806
1, 110

Elevator op era tors, passenger (women) ___
Nonmanufac t u r in g _____________________ —
S e r v i c e s -----------------------------------------Guards ____________________ _ _ .
M an u factu rin g_________ __ ____________
N onm anufacturing__________
_ ___

r

812
m

~

584

Retail tr a d e 3 __ __
Finance | __________________________

3,444
624
2,820
203
127
1,947

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and cle a n e rs (men) M
_____ _____ _
M anufacturing _
__
Nonmanufacturing ____________ _
Public utilities * ___________________
W holesale t r a d e ________ . . _____
________________
R etail tr a d e 3
Finance f — ------------------- -----------S erv ices
__
. ______ _____ __

20,729
4 ,0 1 2
16,717
1,731
577
2,040
5,064
7, 305

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
*
$
s
$
$
$
$
s
$
s
s
$
S
$
$
t
S
$
$
$
s
s
s
$
*
Average
hourly , Under 1.00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1.60 1. 70 1. 80 1.90 2 .00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2 .7 0 2. 80 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.40
earning!* $
and
and
1.00 under
1. 10 1.20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1.70 1. 80 1.90 2 .0 0 2. 10 2. 20 2 .30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2 .70 2. 80 2 .9 0 3.00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.40 over
f . 74
~T 95“
1.73
1. 62
1.79
1. 54
1. 61
" '1 .6 1
1. 61
1. 89
0 5 “
1. 85
2. 05
1. 62
1. 99
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

70
69
70
81
66
38
81
69

10,915
Janitors, porters, and clea n ers (women)_
1.49
M anufacturin g_________________________ -------2F T — T 7 T T
N onm anufacturing___ _ —
10,648
1. 48
401
1. 42
R etail tr a d e 3 __
_
___
4, 674
1.49
F in a n ce t ___________ ____ __ ____ __
5 015
1. 48
L a b o r e rs , m aterial h a n d lin g ___
11,802
1.95
s;
M anufacturin g__
. . .
. ..
— o r
1. 83
Nonm anufacturing ___ . .
6, 141
2. 20
Pu blic utilities * ___________________
891
1.83
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
2,583
2, 533
1. 70
R etail trade 3 ~
O rder fille rs
1.97
5, 592
Manufacturing
----- ----- -- " T . i n r — n r o Nonmanufacturing
___
___
4, 276
2. 05
3, 300
2.05
W holesale trade . _______ ___
1.97
R etail tr a d e 3 __
—
_
721
P a ck e rs , shipping (men)
_........4 .8 9 7
1. 72
Mannfartnring
2,467 — i .5 5
Nonmanufacturing _
. ___
2,430
1 .76
W holesale t r a d e ____________ ______
1,514
1. 74
R etail tr a d e 3 . . .
742
1. 69

61
6

P a ck e rs , shipping (women) _
"Nfinma n nfar tn r 4n g
Retail trade 5

..

R eceiving claries _
_
-------M anuficturing _ _ ------------- , ____ r____
_
N onm anufacturing_______________ .
W holesale trade
R etail trade 3 ____
______ _ .
See footnotes at end of table,




672
1. 63
-------!j5 T — 1.59"
363
1. 56
1,584
5fc6
1,058
393
538

2.00
2. 13
1 .94
2. 17
1.73

_
_
27
39
- ---- V
27
32
27
.
.
32
1
5
10
5 — r
10
.
64
85
148
64
148
85
.
3
12
9
35
541 1343
994
i4 o
315 t r r
35 401 1028
617
.
.
6
25
47
11
404
230
35
321
.
21
340
42
599
.
277
63
292
.
10
1 — rr
62
260
282
.
26
31
42
_
_
2
18
36
227
189
199
. “ i£ r
45
.
.
.
.
45
.
92
92
- '
_
81
— sr
* .
.
_

.
*

115 1112
8
7
107 1105
41
46
316
66
734
5
5
155
6
149
8
925
271
654
37
.
216
24
377

381
381
283

153 1330
6
21
147 1309
30
28
49 1260
37
10

114
12
102
22
2
65

113
23
115
20
102 * 14

10
8

111

87

120
125
289
49
4 “ 2 T ------ T “ T T
100
118
267
45
1
17
23
12
8
12
71
7
96
238
990
207
783
49
79
138
134
383

741
l
460
18
68
124
158
92

2
6

782 1582 7310
20
14
i 2
762 1568 7238
54
115
41
513 >339 3586
108 1034 3342

866 1506
20
122
846 1384
36
14
744 1244
86
66
36
36
2

114
114
94

612
352
? r ~T5T"
311
459
73
39
5
23
241
363

61
10
51
17
25
-

82
5
77
3
2

33
33

1
1

3
3

6
.6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

»-

-

7
7

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

518
99
419
13
6
386

500

131

102
2
100
13

83
6
77
1

80
40
40
28

29
IT"
17
4

1

-

1

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

75

87

76

12

105
93
12
11

35
34
1

9
9
-

1

1

16
16
-

1
1
-

459
39
420
38
234
147

84 1003
3d
15'
965
69
770
11
30
12

215
28
187
3
166
12
5
5
2

16
0

340
8
6
282

79
4

2997 2958 3566
187
183
477
2810 2775 3089
169
239
849
26
88
69
201
155
78
232 •1632
1265
1087 2080
504

4482
057
3525
245
112
79
1354
1735

489
230
259
16
17
36
132
58

430

248
90
32
21
99
6

58
30
20
2
3
2
11
2

33
31
2
-

1
1
-

346
27
319
57
187
30

121
42
79
25
14
11

64
lO
54
7
13
28

20
1
19
3
2
10

5
2
3
-

16
2

630
355
124 — 57"
221
573
.
.
50
250
167
323

752
298
454
.
229
225

489
220
269
.
89
159

702 1338
334
701
368
637
3
2
102
369
252 ‘262

597
283
314
5
86
188

410
160
250
4
95
122

797
402
395
42
276
71

848
4i t
416
18
267
113

938 1464
504
397
434 1067
280
465
56
352
97
246 ’

132
125
7
7

133
85
48
46

320
27
293
253
37

323
75
248
207
37

334
165
169
122
45

457
184
273
174
99

398
284
37 — T T
361
257
295
224
64
27

523
164
359
329
21

315
83
232
212
13

138
77
61
53
3

256

280

442
n rer
262
65 214
40
48

575

713

436

491

359

106

289
214
75

264
129
126

230
162
60

318
say
116
65
45

336

127
44
83

183
14S
38
11
27

_

_

.
.
.
■

8
.
8
8

~ T ..174
~W

407 ""ITg"

58
63
45
128
— T5“ — 55~ ..128.. — Sir
50
37
22
114

99

68

29
70
.
70

6
62

54

59
59
5.6

83
17
66

21
40

306
235
71

257
171
83

-JFTT 2 T "

58
146
94
51
11
125 — 341 — 5T“ —
— IT
11
24
23
41
39
128
51
77
19
49

131

iJS

111
35
52

143
64
79
20
57

118
59

59
17
39

138
61
77
37
26

112
36
63

1
1

-

1
1

-

13

-

-

9
9
-

21
21
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

- •

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

386
193
193
34
98
.61

503
433
70

95
90
5

_'
-

10
10

_
-

.
-

.
-

830
430
-

„
-

15
55

5
-

-

10
-

IT

350

2

-

-

-

144
119
25
22
2

_
-

-

543
3
540
274
266

.

17
2
12

350
350
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
1

_
.
-

-

.
-

_
.
-

_
.
-

_
-

_
-

_
.
-

9
7

26
5
21
6
9

29

32
32
.
_

306
86
16
" 7 3 ' — n r — IT"
76
228
1
110
47
6
13
1

17
17
11
-

-

-

1 18
—~
T
2

72
27

45
25
12

122
41
81
68
7

58
18
40
12
12

137
49
88
71
8

60

52

3

3
49

57
37
15

25
24

2

“

6

3
3

.
.
*

.
.
■

6

22
7
.
“

"

' 3

- ----- 5 .
.
.
.
"
“

13
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, New York, N. Y . , April 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
s
$
s
$
$
5
$
$
1
$
$
$
t
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly , Under 1.0 0 1. 10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70
O ccu p ation 1 and industry division
earnings
and
$
1. 00 under
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2 .7 0 2. 80
$
.
. . . .
1, 156
Shipping c l e r k s __
2. 16
51
3
54
27
66
150
80
45
108
110
53
68
230
65
1
Manufacturing . _ _
_
- .
4 tl
2.1 8
T
10
56
43
3
67
18
46
26
9 — rr — rr— FT — rr
Nonmanufactnring ... (1 _
_
---- .
_
_
.
685
2. 14
94
37
26
167
33
51
20
82
43
41
44
31
1
9
_
_
_
_
_
_
W holesale trade __
__ _______ _
512
2.19
36
26
130
25
18
23
11
34
31
31
52
89
Retail tr a d e 3
________
161
3. 00
4
37
27
23
10
2
1
26
18
2
2
9
_
_
Shipping and receivin g cle rk s r r ^
897
2. 11
117
6
16
28
6
27
88
38
112 ------ r
60
110
94
63
115
Manufacturing
.
_
. ....
378"
2 .03
4'
16
6
17
34 — 3T — z r — r r
31
25
56
lZ
Nonmanufacturing -r.
... „
_
.
.
2 .15
13
2
569
28
10
30
81
84
58
55 ; 98
63
38
g
7
2
344
2 , Q?
61
34
67
10
47
10
52
25
_
_
_
.
.
T rurkd rivera 4 ....----- ...
' 13,934
2. 66
14
186
38
133
203
53
160
282 1040 2199 1210 1144 3315 1044
_
.
.
4, 89$
Z7W
1
36
205
261 ~ 1 0 2 “i r r l 1 7 2 7 — W
23
46
22
140
36
145
Nonmanufacturing ------------ ----- - — 9, 035
2. 54
137
974
7
110
20
148
835 1938 908
981 1593
155
31
Puhlie u tilitie s* , ,... . _ . .
_
_
_
.
4,351
2. 54
37
33
37
298 1135
267
731 1515
9
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
W holesale trade -------------- — .. 2 .5 4
3, 325
377
171
4
875
716
75
100
25
4
459
_
_
_
.
_
.
1,050
2. 63
73
74
62
7
25
148
12
46
55
119
39
256
2. \ 5
36
33
71
32
49
19
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
T r u ck d riv ers , light (under lVs ton s)__
738
40
2. 27
3
157
230
14
58
39
9
M an ufacturin g----- -----------------rir_ ,
185 j
zrzrl
30
17
25
40
3
3
3
43
19
_
_
.
553
N onm anufacturing_______________ __
. 28
3
140
205
ll
82
55
25
9
p „ h lir utilities *
140
2. 33
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

7

2

T r u ck d riv ers, m edium (lVa to and
including 4 tons)
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ------- -■
Public utilities * ------- -----------------W holesale t r a d e __ ___________ __
R etail trade*
_

6,935
277 71'
4 ,1 6 4
1,669
2,085
319

2 .65
2.9 2
2. 47
2. 51
2. 50
2. 15l

T r u ck d riv ers , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ^___ ^______________ ____
X nnfa/»f living
Xa
Nonmanufacturing ------- ---------------PnM ir nfil-if-t<e«

1,787
326
1,461
1, 141

. 59
2. 70
2. 56
.

T ru ck d riv e rs , heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra ile r type) ___________ __
XXami far*tn ring
N onm anufacturing_______ __________
PnKlir
aa ♦

2. 521

2

26
2

1, 500
318
1,256
T ru ck e rs , pow er (forklift)
------------------M anufacturing
_____
-------5T T
N onm anufacturing________
___ _ - ....
439
Puhlie utilities *
143

2 .95
3 15
2. 81
2. 46
2. 44
2. 42
:4 8
2. 57

T ru ck e rs , power (other than f o r k l i f t ) ___ _

239
2 :780

1.75

-

_

_

.
14
38
47
64
- ------ 71— W — z r — n r
_
_
7
24
46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

W atchmen . '

_

Mnnma nnf&rtnr^ng
Du hi is* u tilitie s *
W holesale trade

1
a
9
4
9
6
*
t

—.

m

2 ,0 0 6
471
163
179
744
449

2

— rrrr
1. 79
1. 82
l ! 87
1.5 8
1. 99
l ! 47

_
-

_

12

_
46

10
0
10
0

6

44
137
51
178
TT "IT T — r r ~ T T T
.
35
25
51
17
_
_
.
25
4
51
.

-

18

_

15

7 12
1

5

656
734 1761
T T “ zrr T 5 T
473
690 1551
94
285
785
303
716
270
7
70
119

196
95

10
1
80
2
1
‘ -

46
_
-

_
_

17
17
-

_
_

30
30
.

_
_

_
.

5
2 1089
57

19
19

3 1052
978

_

_

_

_

67

59

150

202

201

16

59

24

176

133

25
-

_

.

_

10

3

24

14

34

21

152

8
14
111

. — TT
40

_

"T Z T

zr —

20
20
.

_

3

_

252

243

186

407

318

44
44
-

135
68

133

360
229

48
2
17

45
16

144
59
10
15
19
41

250
13
7
9
207
14

5T " T I T “TTOl — i r — v r —

^8
9

6
113
12

132

87

490

98
80
24
8
16
16

77
14
170
6
162
8

424
220
229
T il108

8

3

6
8

10

134
134
-

128
97
31

73
33
40
40

3

25
23
-

u

144
144

34

3
3
_

2
2
-

74

113

406

70

97

52

52

373

7

42

7

34

1
1
362

6
7

96
74
16
3

7

33

u

2

3

1

336
536

789
789
37
750

2
- ------ T —
_
_
_
_
.
8
8
_
.
282
~ T rr
131
81
50
_

2
2

. 384
323
50
273
_

148
3Z
116

19
16
3
3
_
.

9
9
_
_
-

92
24
68
_

603
56
567
49
128
390

41
35
6
6
-

_

9
4
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

98
17
81
81
-

58

24
24
24
-

84
34
50
49
-

38
32

50
50
-

1

-

95
58
37
37
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

.

519

3

8

TW

46

53
7

6
2

260

4

2
2

260

2

517

_
.

.
-

2

19

_

2

_

6

13 ------ T
3

------ T

123 1386
66 1344
37
42
37
42
_
-

_
-

63
63
63

16

5
2
3
3
_
_

.
-

45
42
3

71
55

9
9

9
9
_
.
.
-

-

2
8 16 6
8 6 0

28
60

1
r
_
_
-

16

— TT — zr ------ IT— W — rr — I T

7
22

903
821
82
82
-

87

144

15

15
15

15

4
4

i

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Excludes limited-price variety stores.
Includes all drivers regardless of sise and type of truck operated.
Workers were distributed as follows: 240 at $ 3 .4 0 to $3. 60; 236 at $3. 60 to $3. 80; 238 at $3. 80 to $ 4 ; and 212 at $4 and over.
Workers were distributed as follows: 103 at $ 3 .4 0 to $3. 60; 219 at $3. 60 to $3. 80; 92 at $3. 80 to $ 4 ; and 46 at $4 and over.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




8
6
6

6
8

50

2. 34

1,0
21

6

-

_
7

3

10
1

11
11

$
$
$
$
s
S
S
2. 80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40
and
2.90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 over

6
6

3

-

-

3
926

584
42
42
-

28 6460
28 460

-

178
176
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

6
.
-

_
2

_
-




B :

E s t a b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

and

S u p p le m e n t a r y

W a g e

P r o v is io n s

Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(Percent of manufacturing plant workers in establishments having formal provisions for shift work, and in establishments
actually operating late shifts by type and amount of differential, New York, N. Y . , April 1959)
In establishments having form al
provisions1 for—

1
|

In establishments actually
operating—

Shift differential
Second shift
work

6 0 .4

7 Va cents . .

-

-

5 0 .6

11.8

3 .2

59 .0

4 9 .6

11.6

3; 2

3 4.6
.2
4 .3
3 .5
2 .3

With shift pay d iffe r e n tia l____________________________ ________

Third or other
shift work

2 3 .2
.
1.9
.
.8
10.0
2 .4

8 .8
.1

2 .0

1.0

10.0
.9
5 .8
5 .6
.

1.0

1.0

2«7
3 .3
1.1

Second shift

1.0

.
•
.
.1
.7
.2
.1
.1
.6
-

2 .5
.5
.6
.2
.3

.3
.1
.3
(*)
.9

.6
.4
.2
1 .7
.2
3 .4
1.2
.
(*)

2 2 .2
2 .1
2 .9
.7
11.0
1.2
4 .3
..

17.8
2 .9
.7
8 .3
5 .9

2 .2

8 .6

.3

1 .4

Other form al pay differential

Third or other
shift

1
.0

.1

1.0

1
Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with formal provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
* L ess than 0 ,0 5 percent.

15
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, New York, N. Y . , April 1959)
Other inexperienced clerical workers

Inexperienced typists
Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
Minimum weekly salary3

All
industries

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours1 of—
1
All
schedules

35

All
schedules

40

37 l/a

35

All
Industries

36‘/«

37V
a

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours3 of—
All
sched­
ules

35

37 Va

All
sched­
ules

40

35

36 V4

37 Va

40

Establishments s t u d ie d __ ___________

558

180

xxx

xxx

xxx

378

xxx

xxx

xxx

xxx

558

180

xxx

xxx

xxx

378

xxx

xxx

xxx

xxx

Establishments having a
specified minimum . . . . . . . .

13

14

197

78

23

53

27

.
2
1
4
2
2
1
1

_
2
1
1
1
4
1
.
.
.
1
.
3
-

1
10
10
33
17
60
19
25
5
12
2
3

.
3
4
6
6
26
12
11
1
8
.
1

.
3
5
14
5
9
5
6
2
2
.
2
.
.
.
-

.
1
1
3
2
11
2
3
2
.
2

__

259

83

45

14

13

176

79

21

41

25

288

91

51

$ 4 0 .0 0 . . . . . . . . .
$ 4 2 .5 0 ________
$ 4 5 .0 0 ________
$ 4 7 .5 0 . . . . . . .
$ 5 0 .0 0 . . . . . .
$ 5 2 .5 0 . . . . . . . . . .
$ 5 5 .0 0 . . . . . . . .
$ 5 7 .5 0 ________
$ 6 0 .0 0 . . . . . . . . . .
$ 6 2 .5 0 . . . . . . .
$ 6 5 .0 0 . . . . . . .
$ 6 7 .5 0 ________
$ 7 0 .0 0 ________
$ 7 2 .5 0 _______
$ 7 5 .0 0 ________
__________________

.
5
4
23
17
70
33
57
16
21
3
3
2
.
3
2

.
2
1
8
6
19
9
17
4
8
1
2
1
.
3
2

.
.
1
3
5
10
5
10
3
3
1
2
1
.
.
1

.
.
1
1
4
1
4
.
3

.
2
2
.
3
1
1
.
.
.
.
3
1

.
3
3
15
11
51
24
40
12
13
2
1
1
.

_
2
3
2
21
14
21
5
10
.
.
1
-

-

-

-

.
1
1
2
1
9
3
3
4
.
1
.
.
_
-

3
1

.
4
3
17
4
21
10
12
5
6
3
2
3
1

.
2
12
2
10
5
8
4 .
3
3
1
.

-

_
1
.
5
4
11
4
9
3
2
1
1
.
.
.
-

1
14
13
50
21
81
29
37
10
18
2
6
2

-

.
1
.
2
4
7
1
5
.
1
.
.
.
.
-

Establishments having no
specified minimum - ------------------- ,

121

36

xxx

xxx

xxx

85

xxx

xxx

xxx

xxx

130

38

xxx

xxx

178

61

xxx

xxx

xxx

117

xxx

xxx

xxx

xxx

140

51

xxx

xxx

$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

-

-

1

-

-

.
-

.
-

_
1
_
7
2
8
.
4
.
1
.
.
.
.
.
-

xxx

92

xxx

xxx

xxx

xxx

xxx

89

xxx

xxx

xxx

xxx

Establishments which did not
employ workers in this

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
* Rates applicable to m essen gers, office g irls, or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
3 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries. Data are presented for ail workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks reported.




16
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, New York, N. Y . , April 1959)
0FFICE WORKEIts:
W eekly' h ou rs

A ll w o r k e r s

.

_

_ _

All
industries
100

___

U nder 35 h ou rs __ ______ _________ ______ ________
35 h ou rs _.■ .... L
_
.
,
,,
O ver 35 and under 3674hours „ _
36V4 h ou rs
O ver 3674 and under 377a h o u rs . .—
377a h o u r s _________ .
——
— ------------O ver 377a and under 40 h o u rs .
—
_
_
40 h ou rs .
_____ _______
______
O ver 40 and under 45 h ou rs __ _
—
45 h ou rs .
._ ____
O v «r 45 h our*

1

1
2
3
*
t

1
54
2
11
5
16
1
11
( 3)
“

M
anufacturing
100
1
69
( 3)
8
1
13
1
8
-

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*
100

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade 3

100

_
57
4
( 3)
8
31
“

51
10
1
27
3
9
-

100
( 3)
15
16
9
35
5
20
1
“

All 2
industries a

Services

Financet

M
anufacturing
100

100

100

100

1
53
3
16
10
10
1
7
~

3
57
5
4
( 3)
25
( 3)
6
-

( 3)
6
1
5
( 3)
6
1
75
•2
2
1

“

Public .
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade 1

Services

100

100

(3
")

13
4
12
_
4
_
65
( 3)
1
2

100
3

5

( 3)
( 3)

2

3
( 3)
15
3
63
7
3
( 3)

1
( 3)
91
3
4
( 3)

„
_
3
_
94
_
3
“

13
( 3)
81

_
_

-

100

Excludes data for lim ited-price variety stores.
Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0 .5 percent.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, New iYork, N. Y. , April 1959)

OFFICE WORKERS;
Item

All workers _______________ ___ _________
Workers in establishments
paid holidays__
Workers in establishments
no paid holidays___ ___

providing
______ —
providing
_— . . . — — ----...

PLANT WORKERS
Al 2
l
idsre
nutis

Pbi
ulc
uiiis
tlte*

Woeae
hlsl
tae
rd

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

98

(
3)

"

-

2

(3)
1
(3)
11
1
1
(3)

_
(3)
14
3
(3)

_
18
-

5
10
l3)
(3)
28
3
2
(3)

Al
l
Ids r e
nut i s
100

99

100

Rti ta e 1
eal rd

Fnne
iact

Srie
evcs

“

(3)

“

"

_
1
12
2
4

1
(3)
56
1
“

_
(3)
1
“

_
7 •

Pbi
ulc
uiiis
tlte*

Woeae
hlsl
tae
rd

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

97

94

-

2

-

3

6

9
3
(3)
1
22
4

1
4

2

5
4

40

Mnfcuig
auatrn

R t i t a e1
eal r d

Srie
evcs

N u m b e r of days
Less than 6 holidays _
_____
. 6 holidays ----—
. —
.
6 holidays plus 1 half day _
6 holidays plus 2 half days
___
7 holidays
__ .
~
—
7 holidays plus 1 half d a y -- -- —
7 holidays plus 2 or 3 half days . .
.
7 holidays plus 4 or 5 half da y s _

..
.

'
See footnotes at end of table.




.

(3)
11
5
6
3

.
_

16
.

.

.

■

“

_
_

18
(3)
2
-

»
59
5
8
-

(»)
20
1
(*)

17
Table B-4. Paid Hplidays-Continued
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, New York, N. Y . , April 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS'
Item

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade1

Financet

Services

All
industries 2

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade1

Services

N u m b e r o f d a y s — C o n tin u e d
8 h olid a ys _____
_____________
________
8 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _
__
8 h olid a y s plus 2 o r 3 h a lf days . . . _____________
8 h olid a y s plus 4 h a lf days __ ________ _____
__
____ _____ ___ .
_____
9 h olid a y s _
9 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ___ ____ ____________ .
9 h olid a y s plus 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s _______________ _
9 h olid a y s plus 4 h a lf d a y s ___ __ ________ ______
10 h olid a y s
_______ T
______ r,
________
10 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ___ ______ _______ ___
10 h olid a y s plus .2 o r 3 h a lf days _______ __ ____
10 h olid a y s plus 4 o r 5 h a lf days ______________
11 h olid a y s
_______ ____ . _______ ____________
11 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _____ . .
_____
11 h olid a y s plus 2 o r 3 h a lf days ______ ___
12 h o lid a y s .
______ _ _____________________
12 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ___ ___________ ___ ___
12 h olid a y s plus 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s _______ ___ ___
13 to 18 h olid a y s _________ . ________ _____ .

8
2
2
( 3)
9
1
1
( 3)
6
2
2
1
31
5
3
10
1
1
( 3)

15
3
1
15
2
1
18
3
3
2
15
2
1
2
2
( 3)

( 3)
i 3)
i
3
17
22
54
56
64
66
76
78
87
88
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

(?)

8
4
2
( 3)
2
1
57
2
3
1
( 3)

7
4
4
3
14
2
1
1
9
8
2
2
12
1
5
4
2

1
1
2
( 3)
6
2
5
8
7
6
2
“

3
1
( 3)
7
( 3)
2
( 3)
45
10
5
21
2
2
“

16
6
3
6
2
1
4
1
( 3)
16
5
6
1
( 3)

12
1
2
7
( 3)
1
( 3)
7
2
(?)
( 3)
16
1
( 3)
2
( 3)
( 3)

(?)

( 3)
( 3)
( 3)
( 3)
3
3
19
21
28
29
37
38
52
55
83
83
93
95
95
96
98
98

18
1
3
12
1
9
2
1
( 3)
8
1
4
( 3)
"

14
1
1
60
l 3)
( 3)
“

12
1
( 3)
13
1
.
1
7
3
( 3)
27
3
5
2
6

6
1
2
.
2
( 3)
( 3)
1
l 3)
4
( 3 ).
_
“

7
.
* (3 )
5
1
_
.
13
.
.
.
5
( 3)
(*>
.
( 3)

T o ta l h o l i d a y f i n t o 4
14 o r m o r e d a y s ___ ____ _______ ______
137a o r m o r e days
__
13 o r m o r e d a y s ___ ___________________ ______ ___
...
127a o r m o r e days __
-----------12 o r m o r e days . . . . __
____
117a o r m o r e d a y s __
11 o r m o r e d a y s __
.
.
107) o r m o r e days ._
10 o r m o r e days
___
97a o r m o r e days . . .
.
.
.
.
.
9 o r m o r e days .
.... .
87a o r m o r e days .
. .
8 o r m o r e days .
. . . .
77a o r m o r e days . . .
7 o r m o r e days . . . ........................ .................. ............
67a o r m o r e days _
. .
. . .
5 nr mnnv* day*
37a o r m o r e days .

.

. .

i 3)
2
7
9
26
29
48
50
66
68
83
86
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

.
( 3)
( 3)
2
4
6
65
65
67
70
74
74
82
82
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

(?)
( 3)
2
4
12
16
29
36
50
55
70
78
85
87
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

1 Excludes limited-price variety stores.
1 Includes data, for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Less than 0 .5 percent.
4 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined;

2
2
15
23
29
31
39
40
41
43
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

_
2
5
31
41
85
86
88
88
95
96
99
99
99
99
100
100
100
roo
100
100

( 3)
1
7
12
29
30
34
38
48
57

77
82
93
93
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
( 3)
4
5
14
17
27
28
42
43
61
65
88
88
91
94
95
99
100
100

.
.
U 3)
( 3)
61
61
61
61
62
62
76
76
93
93
97
97
97
97
98
98

2
2
6
6
12
15
43
45
52
53
66
69
80
81
98
98
100
100
100
100
100
100

(* )
( 3)
4
5
5

7
9
10
24
30
89
89
93
93
93
93
97
97

(■*)
( 3)
( 3)
( 3)
i 3)
1
6
6
19
20
24
24
32
33
54
54
94
94
94
94
94
94

for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days
and no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days. 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions
by vacation pay provisions, New York, N. Y. , April 1959)
qrriCK WORKERS •
Vacation policy

A ll workers

.

__________

All
Industries

________

100

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS

Retail trade 1

P nsn t
i ee

ServJeas

All
.
Industries

M
anufacturing

Publlo
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade 1

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
.

99
99
.

100

99
94
1
3
1

99
86
3
9
2

100
100

99
99

l?)
.

100
100
-

99
98
1

-

99
99
(*)
-

( s)

(*)

■

•

"

(* )

“

(* )

l 1)

-

-

(> )

1

3
52
20
16

3
57
24
3

I
56
13
18

5
56
13
12

24
42
12
“

(* )
49
20
27

5
48
28
6

28
29
7
3

49
14
13
1

1
62
3
22

11
49
18
1

25
40
(* )

10
14
3
(»)

6
( s)
93

(s)

3
.
96
1
-

43
4
53
.
-

2
.
98
.
-

12
.
88
(* )

50
3
41
1
6

55
2
31
1
12

14

19
71
4
7

49
4
46

80

99
.
-

78

S!1
( s)

6
.
93
.
( s)

(’ )
(* )
96
2
2

1
( S)
96
3

.
100
“

.
99
1
-

1
.
89
10
-

2
4
81
7
6

15
14
62
3
6

28
13
46
1
12

6

4

2

( J)
97
1
2

87

85
4
7

90
8

S !i
(> )
92
2
6

(| )

.
94
1
4

.
97
1
2

(* )

6
4
79
2
8

13
11
61
1
15

100

M e th o d o f p a y m en t
W orkers in establishments providing
paid v a c a tio n s ______________________________
Length-of-tim e payment _________________ .
Percentage payment ___ _______________
____
F lat-sum payment _______________________. . . . .
Other _________________
______
..
____
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid vacations _____________________________

99

Ih
-

-

_

-

-

_

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 4
After 6 months of service
L ess than 1 week ___ - __________ —_________ _
1 w e e k __
______ ___ ________ _________ _ .
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s__ ___ ______________
2 w aaki
.......... .....................
....... . . V
After 1 year of service
1 week
_________ ___ _______
______________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks __________________ __
_
2 w e e k s __ ___ __ __ ____ _ ____________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _
___________ . .
3 weeks
__ _ _

_

8

18
Is)

-

After 2 years of service
1 w««1r
Over 1 and under 2 weeks « . __ — ____ _____
2 weeks -------------------------------------------------- „_______
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
___ . . . . . .
3 weeks _ _
.
______ « ...

_

_
_

8

19
41
38
(»)

After 3 years of service
1 w e e k ......

3 weeks —

...............

..................

_

89
.
11

1
-

85
11
4

.
_
95
1
4

83
7

9

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTHi

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of tim e ,"
such as percentage of annual earnin|s or flat-sum payments, were converted to an.equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

_
_
92
_
8

2

2

85
4
9

86
8
*4

_

4
95
(* )
Is)

19

Table B-5. Paid V acations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s
by v a c a tio n pay p r o v is io n s , New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r il 1959)

OFFICE WORKERS:
Vacation policy

A m ount o f v a c a t io n p a y 4

All
Industrie*

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

|
Retail trade1

Financet

Services

PLANT WORKERS
All a
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

84
1
12
3

67
4
29

50
22
23

41
4
55
.

6

-

Retail trade 1

Servioes

C o n tin u e d

After 5 years of service

----------- ----------------

( 3)
68
10
22
( 3)

_
76
( 3)
22
1

_
75
4
21
-

_
85
5.
11
-

1
60
6
33
-

_
60
20
21
-

58
7
35
-

4
74
4
16
2

10
68
4
15
3

( 3)
29
9
60
.
2

31
1
62
.
5

_
44
21
31
_
5

41
5
53
.
1

1
24
.
74
.
1

19
15
66
.
-

_
36
( 3)
60
.
3

4
46
7
40
( 3)
2

10
41
6
40
( 3)
3

( 3)
10
( s)
82
1
6

2 «B « k i
Over 2 and under 3 weeks

_

.
13
69
.
17

_ ■
25
( 3)
64
.
11

4
28
1
62
( 3)
5

10
26
2
57
( 3)
5

_

6
_
88
_
6

19

4

_
4
1
90
3
2

_

17

1
11

77
( 3)
4

1
11
.
72
.
17

4
1
71
24

24
( 3)
55
.
21

4
27
( 3)
57
(*)•
11

10
25
1
56
( 3)
8

_
6
_
78
.
15

19
_
72
.
9

3

.
23
( 3)
43

4
26
( 3>
45
1
22

10
25
1
48
3
13

.
6
.
60

19
.
56

34

25

2
69
' 4
25
-

2
94
( 3)
3

2
29

2
83
1
13

After 10 years of service

Over 3 an.d under 4 weeks

-----------------------

After 15 years of service

68
_
2

-

,
4
90
5-

81
1
1

28

_
4
.
83
.
12

17
.
69.
15

_
13
.
39
1
47

_
4
.
.59
1 ,
35

17
.
45
.
38

85

2
18
_
74
_
6

2
65
( 3)
32

2
18
.
60
_
20

2
63
( 3)
33
.
1

2
18
•
34
.
46

2
58
( 3)
36

1

After 20 years of service
1 week

( 3)
10
( s)
68
.
22

13
59
-

_

After 25 years of service
(*)
?
(* )
33
(* )
57
1

1
11
.
30
58

17
78
2

34

Excludes limited-price variety stores.
Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0 .5 percent.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions,
service include changes in provisions occurring betwsen 5 and 10 years.
e Transportation (excluding railroads), -communication, and other public utilities.
t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




m

3

For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years'

20

Table B-6. Health, Insurpnce, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts p rovidin g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r pension b e n e fits , New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r il 1959)
OFFICE workers :

PLANT WORKERS

Type o f ben efit
All
industries

A ll w o r k e r s

___________

_________

—

-----------

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts provid in g:
L ife in s u ra n ce
_____________ „ „ m „ „
,„
A cc id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n ce
__
___ __________ ___ __
...
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce or
aide le a v e nr hnth3 . _
S ick n es s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce -------------S ick le a v e (full pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) . . . . ----------- --------------- -------S ick le a v e (p a rtia l pay or
w aiting p e rio d ) ___
H osp ita liza tion in su ra n ce
S u rg ica l in su ra n ce
M e d ica l in su ra n ce
C a ta strop h e in su ra n ce
____ ________
R etirem en t p en sion
. _
No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n plan ---------

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade1

Flnancef

Services

All
2
industries

Publio
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

M
anufacturing

Retail trade 1

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

94

91

93

93

87

97

94

94

96

93

96

91

92

43

43

63

50

27

39

39

46

40

67

68

35

57

92
31

90
34

95
33

93
38

91
56

93
24

93
27

85
66

81
73

96
39

89
57

86
69

83
68

84

80

486

484

42

91

484

26

15

40

452

29

24

2
78
77
55
38
82
( 9)

4
84
85
66
32
77
( 5)

5
61
63
42
20
92

2
72
69
51
33
82
1

11
88
85
67
16
67
1

83
81
53
52
88

11
87
85
60
5
82
1

5
96
95
67
3
85
(* )

42
53
45
34
10
98

9
78
76
43
12
84
1

4
96
94
69
4
74
2

3
84
83
64
4
79
4

(* )
62
59
49
35
62
( 5)

100

100

1 Excludes lim ited-price variety stores.
a Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
9
Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee.
Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded. Excludes sickness and accident or
combination plans which meet only the minimum requirements of the State law as to benefits or employer contributions.
4 Not comparable with estim ates in earlier surveys due to reinterpretation of provisions in a number of establishm ents.
8 Less than 0 .5 percent.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f Finance, insurance, and real estate.




21

A p p e n d i x : O c c u p a t i o n a l D e s c r ip tio n s
The p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w age su r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p r ia te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u nder
a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e sta b lis h m e n t to esta b lis h m e n t
and fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
This is e s s e n tia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the g rou p in g o f o ccu p a tio n a l w age
r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u se o f this e m p h a sis on in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and
in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ifi­
ca n tly fr o m th ose in u se in in div idu al e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In
ap p lyin g th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in s tru cte d to e x clu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n tic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , tr a in e e s , h a n dicapped w o r k e r s , p a r t -t im e ,
te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

O ff ic e
B IL L E R ,

M ACHIN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ----- Continued

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts, b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er
than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s
as to b illin g s o r sh ipp in g c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a ch in e , a r e c la s s ifie d by type o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :

C la s s A-— K eep s a s e t o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a k n ow led ge o f
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia r ity w ith
the str u c tu r e o f the p a r t ic u la r a cco u n tin g sy s te m u s e d .
D e te r ­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is tr ib u tio n o f deb it and c r e d it item s
to b e u se d in each p h a se o f the w o r k . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d
r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s b y hand.

B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e )— U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g
m a ch in e (M oon H opk in s, E llio tt W ish er, B u r ro u g h s , e t c . , w h ich
a r e co m b in a tio n typin g and adding m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ipp in g m e m o ra n d a , e tc .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n
o f p r e d e te r m in e d d iscou n ts and sh ipping c h a r g e s and en try o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on the
b illin g m a ch in e , and tota ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u la te d
b y m a ch in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f
c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a
fa n fo ld m a ch in e .

C la s s B ----- K eep s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a ses o r se c tio n s
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly r e q u ir in g little kn ow led ge o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k eep in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n der b i l l e r , m a ch in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p en se d is tr ib u tio n , in ­
v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a tio n o f tr ia l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh e e ts f o r the a cco u n tin g d ep a rtm en t.

B i lle r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e )— U ses a book k eep in g
m a ch in e (Sundstrand, E llio tt F is h e r , R em in gton R and, e tc . , w h ich
m a y o r m a y not have ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b ills a s p a r t o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r
record .
The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a
n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p rin ts auto*
m a t ic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n ce s , D o e s not in v o lv e a k n o w l­
ed g e o f b oo k k e e p in g . W ork s fr o m u n ifo r m and stan dard ty p es o f
s a le s and c r e d it s l ip s .
B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (R em in gton R and, E llio tt
F is h e r , S undstrand, B u r ro u g h s, N a tion al C ash R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ith ­
out a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a c t io n s .




CLERK,

A C CO U N TIN G
C la s s A — U nder g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t­
ant, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r k eep in g on e o r m o r e s e c tio n s o f a c o m *
p le te s e t o f b ook s o r r e c o r d s r e la tin g to one p h a se o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t's b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s . W o rk in v o lv e s p o s tin g and ba la n cin g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
cou n ts p a y a b le ; ex am in in g and c o d in g in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a cco u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m en t and e x p e r ie n c e
in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a t io n s .
M ay a s s is t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g , and c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B ——U nder s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e
a cco u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch a s p o s tin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a c c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , en te r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d
by g e n e r a l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s not r e q u ir e a kn ow led ge of
a c c o u n tin g and b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o ffic e s in
w h ich the m o r e rou tin e a c c o u n tin g w o r k is su b d iv id ed on a fu n c ­
tio n a l b a s is a m on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

22

CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A ----- R e s p o n s ib le fo r m a in tain in g an e s t a b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r o th e r m a te r ia l;
m a y a ls o file th is m a t e r ia l. M ay k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es
in co n ju n ctio n w ith f ile s o r s u p e r v is e o th e r s in filin g and lo c a tin g
m a te r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
C la s s B -----P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g , u su a lly o f m a te r ia l that
h as a lr e a d y b een c l a s s if i e d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s i s t s in lo c a tin g m a ­
t e r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r sh eet
lis tin g the ite m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch e ck in g p r ic e s and q u a n tities
o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet; d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e ­
p a rtm en ts to be f ill e d .
M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t tp d e t e r ­
m in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to se e that they h ave b een fille d , k eep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l
ord ers.
CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b i lit ie s , r e c o r d s a cco u n tin g and s t a t is t ic a l data on tabulating c a r d s
by punching a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d s e q u e n c e ,
usin g an a lp h a b e tica l o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y -p u n ch m a ch in e , fo llo w in g
w ritte n in fo r m a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s by u sing the
d u p lica tin g d e v ic e a tta ch ed to m a c h in e .
K eep s f i l e s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r ify ow n w o r k o r w o r k o f o t h e r s .
O F F IC E BO Y O R G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties su ch a s running e r r a n d s ,
o p e r a tin g m in o r o f f ic e m a ch in e s su ch a s s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , open in g
and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
SECRETARY
P e r f o r m s s e c r e t a r ia l and c l e r i c a l du ties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in is tr a tiv e o r e x e c u tiv e p o s it io n . D u ties in clu d e m akin g a p p oin t­
m en ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p eo p le c o m in g in to o f f ic e ; a n sw e rin g
and m akin g phone c a lls ; han dlin g p e r s o n a l and im p o rta n t o r c o n fi­
d en tia l m a il, and w ritin g ro u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on ow n in itia tiv e ;
taking d ic ta tio n (w h e re t r a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is n ot u sed ) e ith e r in
sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic t a ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo r m a tio n r e p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r t s o r m e m o ra n d a fo r in fo r m a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

GENERAL

C om p u tes w a g es o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts . D u ties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s '
ea rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p ostin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo r m a tio n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w ork in g
d a ys, tim e , r a te , d e d u ctio n s fo r in s u r a n c e , and tota l w a g e s d u e. M ay
m ake out p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m akin g up and d i s ­
trib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a c a lc u la tin g m a ch in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in sh orth an d o r by sten oty p e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
n o r m a l r ou tin e v o c a b u la r y , and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d icta tio n on a ty p e ­
w r it e r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and k eep
f ile s in o r d e r , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s n ot in clu d e tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k (s e e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

P r im a r y duty is to o p e ra te , a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e­
m a tic a l co m p u ta tio n s.
T h is jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f
s t a tis tic a l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e fre q u e n t u se o f
a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u se o f th is m a ch in e is in cid e n ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth er d u tie s .

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie fs o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d ic ta tio n on a
ty p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and
k eep file s in o r d e r , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes n ot in clu d e
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

T E C H N IC A L

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H OR D IT T O )
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p ew ritten o r h an dw ritten
m a tte r, using a m im e o g r a p h o r ditto m a ch in e . M ak es n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm en t su ch a s fo r in k and p a p er fe e d cou n ter and c y lin d e r sp e e d .
Is not r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s t e n c il o r d itto m a s t e r . M ay k eep file o f
u sed s t e n c ils o r d itto m a s t e r s .
M ay s o r t, c o lla t e , and sta p le c o m ­
pleted m a t e r ia l.




O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd .
D u ties in v o lv e han dlin g in c o m in g , ou tg oin g , and in tra p la n t o r o f f ic e
c a lls .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay g iv e i n f o r ­
m a tion to p e r s o n s who c a ll in , o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s w ho a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

23
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R .

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
tion
type
T h is
tim e

In a d d ition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r , on a sin g le p o s i ­
o r m o n it o r -t y p e sw itch b o a rd , a c ts a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o
o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk as p a rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s .
typing o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo f pa rt o f this w o rk e r * s
w hile at s w itch b o a rd .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s m a ch in e that a u to m a tica lly a n a ly z e s and tr a n s la te s
in fo rm a tio n pu nch ed in g ro u p s o f tabulating c a r d s and p rin ts t r a n s ­
la ted data on fo r m s o r a ccou n tin g r e c o r d s ; se ts o r a d ju sts m a ch in e ;
d oes sim p le w irin g o f p lu g b o a rd s a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r a c t ic e
o r d ia g r a m s ; p la c e s c a r d s to be tabu lated in fe e d m a g a zin e and sta r ts
m a ch in e . M ay file c a r d s a fte r they a r e tabu la ted . M ay, in a d d itio n ,
o p e ra te a u x ilia r y m a c h in e s .
TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

in clu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d ic ta tio n in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e
o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s if i e d a s a s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w rite r to m a ke c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to
m ake out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s h ave b e e n m ade by an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit tle s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch a s k e e p ­
ing s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s o r s o r tin g and d is ­
trib u tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A -----P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
T yping
m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m fr o m v e r y rou g h and in v o lv e d d ra ft; c o p y ­
ing fr o m plain o r c o r r e c t e d c o p y in w h ich th e re is a freq u en t
and v a r ie d u se o f te c h n ic a l and unusual w o r d s o r fr o m f o r e ig n la n g u a ge c o p y ; co m b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s , o r
planning la y ou t o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m ain tain uni­
fo r m it y and b a la n ce in sp a cin g ; typing ta b le s fr o m rou g h d ra ft in
fin a l fo r m .
M ay type r ou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to
suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
type fr o m w ritten c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s tr a n ­
s c r ib in g d icta tio n in v olv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u ­
la r y su ch a s le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e n ot

Professional

DRAFTSM AN.

JUNIOR

(A s s is ta n t d ra ftsm a n )
D ra w s to s c a le units o r p a rts o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by d r a ft s ­
m an o r o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g p u r­
poses.
U ses v a r io u s ty p es o f d ra ftin g t o o ls as r e q u ir e d . M ay p r e ­
pa re draw in gs fr o m sim p le plan s o r s k e tc h e s , o r p e r fo r m oth er d u ties
under d ir e c tio n o f a d r a fts m a n .
DRAFTSM AN.

LEADER

P la n s and d ir e c t s a c tiv it ie s o f one o r m o r e d r a fts m e n in
p re p a ra tio n o f w ork in g plans and d e ta il d ra w in gs fr o m rou g h o r p r e r
lim in a r y sk e tch e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g
p u r p o s e s . D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g ; In terp retin g
b lu e p rin ts , s k e tch e s , and w ritten o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d eterm in in g w o rk
p r o c e d u r e s ; a s sig n in g du ties to su b o rd in a te s and in s p e c tin g th eir w o rk ;
p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt p r o b le m s . M ay a s s is t su b o rd in a te s during




G E N E R A L -----C on tinu ed

C la s s B — P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T yping
fr o m r e la t iv e ly c le a r o r ty p ed d r a fts ; ro u tin e typing o f fo r m s ,
in s u r a n ce p o lic ie s , e t c . , settin g up s im p le stan d ard ta b u la tion s, o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and sp a c e d p r o p e r ly .

and

Technical

D RA F T S M A N ,

L E A D E R — — ontinue d
C

e m e r g e n c ie s o r as a r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t, o r p e r fo r m r e la t e d du ties
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in is tra tiv e n a tu re.
DRAFTSM AN,

SENIOR

P r e p a r e s w ork in g plans and d e ta il d ra w in gs fr o m n o te s,
rou g h o r d e ta ile d sk e tch e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m anu ­
fa ctu rin g p u r p o s e s .
D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w ork in g p la n s, d e ta il d ra w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c ? ,
to s c a le by use o f d raftin g in s tru m e n ts ; m akin g e n g in e e rin g com p u ta ­
tion s su ch a s th ose in v o lv e d in stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , b e a m s and
t r u s s e s ; v e r ify in g c o m p le t e d w o rk , ch eck in g d im e n s io n s , m a te r ia ls
to be u s e d , and q u a n tities; w ritin g s p e c ific a t io n s ; m aking a d ju stm en ts
o r c h a n g e s in d ra w in g s o r s p e c ific a t io n s . M ay ink in lin e s and le t te r s
on p e n c il d ra w in g s , p r e p a r e d e ta il units o f c o m p le te d ra w in g s, o r
t r a c e d r a w in g s .
W ork is fr e q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld su ch a s
a r c h it e c t u r a l, e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ic a l, o r s tru c tu ra l d ra ftin g .

24
NURSE,

N U RSE,

IN D U STR IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e to i l l o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e ill o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on
the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a
co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f i r s t aid to the ill o r injuredj*
attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s * in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s
o f patien ts tre a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
oth er p u r p o s e s ; con d u ctin g p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tion s and h ealth ev a lu a tion s
o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s
in volvin g health ed u ca tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev a lu a tion o f plant

Maintenance

CARPENTER

M A IN TE N A N C E

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and
m ain tain in g o o d r e p a ir b u ildin g w o o d w o r k and equ ip m en t su ch as b in s,
c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and t r im m a de o f w ood in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f
the fo llo w in g : Plann in g and la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n te r* s
h a n d tools, p o rta b le p ow er to o ls , and sta n d a rd m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ;
m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ;
s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o r k . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f
the m a in ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a len t tr a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E *

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ctio n s su ch a s the
in sta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ip m en t fo r the g e n e ra tin g ,
d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f
a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l eq u ipm en t su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s ,
sw itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eating u nits,
con du it s y s t e m s , or oth er tr a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e ­
p rin ts, d ra w in g s , la you t, o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g ­
n osin g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r equ ip m en t; w ork in g stan d ard
co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l
equ ip m en t; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic ia n * s h a n d tools and m e a su rin g
and testin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c ­
q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e .




IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )----- C on tin u ed

e n v ir o n m e n t, o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s
sa fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

a ffe c tin g

the h ealth ,

w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C o p ie s plan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s , by p la cin g
tr a c in g c lo t h o r p a p er o v e r d ra w in g and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
U s e s T -s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and oth er d ra ftin g t o o l s .
M ay p r e p a r e
s im p le d r a w in g s and do s im p le le t t e r in g .

and

Powerplant

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n
o f s ta tio n a ry e n g in es and eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ica l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to sup*ply the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, h eat, r e f r i g e r a ­
tion , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s : O p era tin g and m ain taining
eq u ip m en t su ch as s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu r b in e s , v en tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ip m en t, stea m b o ile r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a ter pu m ps; m akin g equ ip m en t r e p a ir s ; keepin g a
r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p ­
tio n . M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e th e se o p e r a t io n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s
in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F ir e s sta tio n a ry b o i le r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r, o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e by hand
o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; c h e c k s w ater
and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
HELPER,

TRADES,

M A IN T E N A N C E

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten an ce
tr a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ifi c o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch
as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; clea n in g w o r k ­
ing a r e a , m a ch in e , and eq u ip m en t; a s s is tin g w o r k e r by h oldin g m a ­
t e r ia ls o r t o o ls ; p e r fo r m in g oth er u n s k ille d ta sk s a s d ir e c te d by jo u r ­
n ey m a n . The kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s
fr o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su p ­
p ly in g, lift in g , and h old in g m a te r ia ls and t o o ls and cle a n in g w ork in g
a r e a s ; an d in o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s
on a f u ll- t i m e b a s is .

25
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f one o r m o r e ty p es o f m a ch in e
t o o ls , su ch as jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , en gin e
la th e s, o r m illin g m a ch in e s in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls ,
g a u g es, ji g s , fix tu r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lann in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g
it e m s r e q u irin g c o m p lic a te d setu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g and o p e r a tio n se q u e n c e ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m en ts du rin g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls ,
and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cuttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , to o lr o o m ,
in top i and die jo b b in g sh op s a r e e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

M ACH IN IST,

M E C H A N IC .

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ipm en t o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g m a ch in e s
a n 4 m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly
in v o lv e the u se o f h a n d tools in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a rts; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith it e m s ob ta in ed fr o m s to ck ; o r d e r in g the
p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t pa rt by a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f
the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e sh op fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n
s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p ro d u ctio n o f pa rts o r d e r e d
f r o m m a ch in e sh op; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m akin g a ll n e c e s s a r y
a d ju stm e n ts fo r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten an ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d
th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E
M IL L W R IG H T

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s
o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritte n in s t r u c ­
tio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a ­
r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts ;
settin g up and o p e r a tin g sta n d a rd m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l
p a rts to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; m akin g stan dard shop co m p u ta tio n s r e la t ­
ing to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s and s p e e d s o f m a ch in in g ;
k n ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c tin g
stan d ard m a t e r ia ls , p a rts, and equ ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ; fittin g
and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g in m a c h in e sh op p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r h ea v y equ ipm en t and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a ch in e s o r h eav y equ ip m en t w hen ch a n g es in the plant la y ­
ou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f h an d tools and r ig g in g ; m akin g sta n d a rd sh op c o m ­
p u ta tion s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f
g r a v it y ; a lin in g and b a la n cin g o f equ ip m en t; s e le c tin g stan dard t o o ls ,
eq u ip m en t, and p a rts to be u sed ; in sta llin g and m a in tain in g in g o o d
o r d e r p ow er t r a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t su ch a s d r iv e s and sp e e d r e ­
d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n ­
tic e s h ip or eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R

M ECH A N IC,

A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f
an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g
a u to m o tiv e eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h an dto o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d eq u ip m en t in d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
s to ck ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the
v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts;
alin in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g b od y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e ­
ship o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




L u b r ic a te s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m ov in g p a rts o r w ea rin g
s u r fa c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
P A IN T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an
e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e
p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la cin g
putty o r f ill e r in n a il h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; ap p lyin g paint w ith sp ra y
gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w hite le a d , and oth er paint
in g r e d ie n ts to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r
o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a ­
le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

26

P IP E F IT T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , ste a m , g a s , o r oth er ty p es o f pipe
and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l lo w in g : L ay in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f pipe
fr o m d ra w in g s o r oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s
o f pipe to c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e
t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e ; th rea d in g pipe w ith s to c k s and d ie s ;
bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
pipe w ith c o u p lin g s and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g e r s ; m akin g stan dard
sh op com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe r e ­
q u ir e d ; m akin g stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin is h e d p ip es m e e t
s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a
fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s
p r im a r ily en ga ged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ildin g sa n ita tion o r
heating s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN TE N A N C E

K eep s the plum bing s y s te m o f an e sta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W ork in v o lv e s : K n ow ledge o f sa n ita ry c o d e s r e g a r d in g in sta lla tio n o f
ven ts and tra p s in plu m bin g s y s te m ; in sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip es and
fix tu r e s ; open in g c lo g g e d d ra in s w ith a p lu n ger o r p lu m b e r 's sn ak e.
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p lu m b er r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
sh ip o r eq u iv a len t train in g a n d . e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

F a b r ic a te s , in s t a lls , and m ain tain s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e tm e ta l equ ipm ent and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e pans,
s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g

Custodial

ELEVATOR OPERATOR,

and

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s b etw een f lo o r s o f an o f f ic e bu ild in g,
ap a rtm en t h o u s e , d ep a rtm en t s t o r e , h o te l o r s im ila r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k e r s w ho o p e r a te e le v a t o r s in co n ju n ctio n w ith oth er du ties su ch
as th o se o f s t a r te r s and ja n ito r s a r e e x clu d e d .
GUARD
P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix e d p ost o r on
tou r, m a in tain in g o r d e r , usin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e sta tion ed at gate and c h e c k on iden tity o f
e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .




and la yin g out a ll ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten a n ce w o rk fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l-w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie ty o f
h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g, ben din g, fo r m in g , sh aping, fittin g , and a s s e m ­
b lin g ; in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g
an d e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r; jig

m a k e r; to o lm a k e r ;

fix tu re

m a k e r; gau ge

m a k e r)

C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g e s , jig s , f i x ­
tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , punching and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o r k .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lann in g and la yin g out o f w o rk
f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , o r oth er o r a l and w ritten s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f to o l and d ie m a k e r 's h an d tools and p r e c is io n
m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts , u n derstan din g o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g o f m a ch in e to o ls
an d r e la t e d equ ip m en t; m akin g n e c e s s a r y sh op com p u ta tion s re la tin g
to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a ch in e s ; h e a ttr e a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts du ring fa b r ic a tio n a s w e ll a s o f fin is h e d to o ls
an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w ­
a n c e s ; s e le c tin g a p p ro p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed train in g
in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a
fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , to o l and d ie m a k e rs
in to o l and die jo b b in g sh op s a r e e x clu d e d fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .

Material

PASSE N G ER

M A IN T E N A N C E -----C on tinu ed

Movement

JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w eep er; ch a rw om a n ; ja n it r e s s )
C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w ork in g
a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , ap a rtm en t h ou se,
o r c o m m e r c ia l o r oth er e sta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n
o f the fo llo w in g : S w eepin g, m op p in g o r sc r u b b in g , and p olish in g i l o o r s ;
r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and oth er r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re ,
o r fix tu r e s ; p o lish in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p rov id in g su p p lie s
an d m in o r m a in ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; clea n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and
r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w ashin g a r e e x clu d e d .

27

LABORER,

M A T E R IA L HANDLING

(L o a d e r and u n loa d er; h an dler and s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ;
stock m a n o r s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a re h o u se m a n o r w a re h o u se h e lp e r )

SH IPPIN G AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K -----C on tinu ed
oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g ed g o o d s ;
rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts; m ain taining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

A W orke* e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant,
s t o r e , o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose d u ties in v o lv e one or m o r e o f
the fo llo w in g : L oad in g and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n ­
d is e on or fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r oth er tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ;
unpacking, sh elv in g , o r p la cin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
sto ra g e lo c a t io n ; tr a n s p o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by hand tru ck ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who lo a d and unload sh ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if i e d a s fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

O R D E R F IL L E R
(O rd e r p ic k e r ; s to c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u se stock m a n )
F ills sh ipp ing o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m
s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s ,
c u s to m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t io n s . M ay, in a d d ition to fillin g
o r d e r s and in d ica tin g it e m s fille d o r om itte d , keep r e c o r d s o f ou t­
g oin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d ition a l s to ck , o r r e p o r t sh o rt su p p lies
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er r e la te d d u tie s .
PACKER,

D r iv e s a tr u ck w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o rt
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ip m en t, o r m en betw een v a r io u s ty p es o f
e s ta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M an u fa ctu rin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t d e p o ts, w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e t a il e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
lo a d o r u n loa d tr u ck w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m e c h a n ica l
r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u ck in g o o d w ork in g o r d e r . D r iv e r -s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s if i e d by s iz e
and type o f equ ipm en t, as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be ra te d
on the b a s is o f t r a ile r c a p a c it y .)

SH IPPIN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e by pla cin g
th em in shipping c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d being
depen den t upon the ty pe, s iz e , and n u m ber o f units to be p a ck ed , the
type o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the p la cin g o f ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e or
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r
to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia te type and s iz e o f co n ta in e r;
in se r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; usin g e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a te r ia l to
p rev en t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo s in g and sea lin g c o n ta in e r ; ap plying
la b e ls o r e n terin g id en tify in g data on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o
m ake w ood en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x clu d e d .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis te d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (under IV 2 ton s!
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, oth er than t r a ile r type)
TRU CKER,

O p e ra te s a m a n u ally c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d
tr u ck o r tr a c to r to tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t.

SH IPPING AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
tr u ck ,
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
sp o n s ib le fo r in co m in g sh ipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r oth er m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s ; A k n ow led ge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
tices^ r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tra n sp o rta tio n and r a te s ; and p r e ­
pa rin g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ipp ed, m akin g up b ills o f la d in g, p o s t ­
ing w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and k eepin g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a rin g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g oth ers in v e r ify in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm en ts a g a in st b ills o f la d in g, in v o ic e s , o r




PO W E R

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifi e d by type o f
a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p ow er (fo r k lift)
p ow er (oth er than fo r k lift)

W ATCHMAN
M akes rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e rty
a g a in st f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l e n tr y .
☆ U. S GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1959 0 * 511324
.




Occupational Wage Surveys
O c c u p a tio n a l w age su rv e y s are b ein g c o n d u c te d in 21 m ajor la bor m arkets during la te 1958 and e a rly 1959. T h e s e b u lle tin s , num bered
1240-1 through 1 2 4 0 -2 1 , when a v a ila b le , may be p u rch a sed from the S u perin ten dent o f D ocu m en ts, G overnm ent P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington 25, D. C .,
or from any o f the B LS re g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s sh ow n b e lo w .
A summary b u lletin (1 2 4 0 -2 2 ) co n ta in in g data for a ll la bor m arkets, e x c e p t L a w r e n c e , M a s s ., co m b in e d w ith a d d itio n a l a n a ly s is w ill be
is s u e d ea rly in I9 6 0 .
B u lle tin s for the a reas lis te d b e lo w are now a v a ila b le .
Seattle, Wash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y ., September 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240-3, price 25 cents
St. Lou is, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-4, price 15 cents
D allas, T ex ., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-5, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-6, price 25 cents
Denver, C olo., December 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-7, price 20 cents
Philadelphia, P a., November 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-8, price 30 cents




Newark-Jersey City, N. J., December 1958 —
BLS 3u ll. 1240-9, price 20 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-10, price 20 cents
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1959 —
BLS Bull. 1240-11, price 20 cents
Detroit, Mich., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-12, price 25 cents
San Francisco-Oakland, C a lif., January 1959 —
BLS Bull. 1240-13, price 25 cents
New Orleans, L a., February 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-14, price 20 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102