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Occupational Wage Survey

NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA
N O VEM BER 1955

B L S B u lle t in N o . 1 1 8 8 - 5

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR S A I T C
TTSIS
Ewan Clague, C m i s o e
omsinr




Occupational Wage S u rvey
N E W O R L E A N S , L O U IS IA N A




NOVEMBER 1955

Bulletin No.

1188-5

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissionar

F e b r u a r y 1956
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Grrice, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 25 cents




Contents
Page
Introduction -------------------- ------------------------------------------- ------ -------------------- ^
W a g e trends for selected occupational g r o u p s ------------------------------------------------------ -

1
3

Tables:
1:
2:

A:

B:

E s tablishments and w o r k e r s within scope of s u r v e y _____ _________________________________
P e r c e n t changes in standard w e e k l y salaries for office clerical a n d average
straight-time hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups, for
selected periods ________________________________________ -__________________________________
Occupational earnings * A-l:
Office occupations ____________________________________________________________________
A-2:
Professional and technical occupations ______________________________________________
A - 3: M a i n t e n a n c e and powerplant occupations ____________________________________________
A - 4: Custodial and material m o v e m e n t occupations ______________________________________
Es t a b l i shment practices and s u p p lementary w a g e provisions * B-l:
Shift differential provisions __________________________
B-2:
M i n i m u m entrance rates for w o m e n office w o r k e r s _______________________________
B-3:
Scheduled w e e k l y hours ___________________________
B-4:
P a i d holidays _________________________________________________________________________
B-5:
P a i d vacations ____________________
B-6:
Health, insurance, and pension plans ______________________________________________

Appendix:

Job descriptions ________________ __________________________________________ ________________

* NOTE:
Similar tabulations for m o s t of these items are available in the N e w Orleans area
reports for D e c e m b e r 1951 a n d N o v e m b e r 1953.
T h e 1953 report also provides tabulations of
w a g e structure characteristics, l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , a n d overt i m e p a y provisions.
A directory indicating date of study a n d the price of the reports, as well as reports for other
m a j o r areas, is available upon request.
C u r r e n t reports on occupational earnings a n d s u pplementary w a g e practices in the N e w Orleans
a r e a are also available for hotels (June 1955), a n d office building service (June 1955).
Union
scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local transit operating e m ployees, an d m o t o r t r u c k drivers.




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Occupational W age Survey - New Orleans, La. *
I n tr o d u c tio n
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f th e stu d y a n d n ot th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly
s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m on g e s ­
t a b li s h m e n t s , th e e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e the r e la t iv e
im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n in g s d a ta .

T h e N e w O r le a n s a r e a is o n e o f s e v e r a l im p o r t a n t in d u s t r ia l
c e n t e r s in w h ic h th e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r *s B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
c o n d u c t e d s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s an d r e la t e d w a g e b e n e f it s .
In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b t a in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d
a g e n ts to r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i ­
s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n i c a ­
t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e ,
i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u s tr y g r o u p s e x ­
c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s , b e s i d e s r a i l r o a d s , a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t i o n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s
h a v in g fe w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d a l s o
b e c a u s e th e y fu r n is h i n s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d
to w a rra n t in c lu s io n .1
W h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e , s e p a r a t e t a b u la tio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d a l s o (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e ­
l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e fit s a s th ey r e la t e
t o o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s . T h e t e r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , 1 as u s e d in
1
th is b u lle t in , in c lu d e s a ll o f f i c e c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s and e x c lu d e s a d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n ic a l p e r s o n n e l . "P la n t
w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n an d a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in ­
c lu d in g le a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f ic e fu n c t io n s . A d m in is ­
t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n ic a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t io n e m p l o y e e s w h o a r e u t ili z e d a s a s e p a r a te w o r k
f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s an d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in
m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s , bu t a r e in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n ­
u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r i e s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f th e
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o l v e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s , an d to in s u r e
p r o m p t p u b lic a t io n o f r e s u l t s . T o o b ta in a p p r o p r ia t e a c c u r a c y at m i n i ­
m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s
i s s t u d ie d .
In c o m b in in g th e d a ta , h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e
g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t . E s t im a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e , a s r e la t in g t o a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in
th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a , 2 e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m
s i z e s t u d ie d .

S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e li m i t e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s t r ie s . T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in t e r m s o f (a ) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 3 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to t a l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t ,
an d (b ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d on th e b a s i s o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly
e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift a t th e t im e o f th e s u r v e y . In e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y
w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y , th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
" o t h e r " w as u sed .

O c c u p a t io n s a n d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u fa c t u r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s . O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b
( s e e a p p e n d ix f o r li s t i n g o f t h e s e d e s c r i p t i o n s ) .
E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) fo r th e fo llo w in g t y p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s :
(a ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n ic a l ; ( c ) m a in t e ­
n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t; a n d (d ) c u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .

M in im u m e n t r a n c e r a t e s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d on an e s t a b lis h m e n t , r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s i s .
S c h e d u le d h o u r s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id
v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is ­
t i c a l l y on th e b a s i s that t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n tu a lly
q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . 4
B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , su m s o f in d i­
v id u a l it e m s in t h e s e ta b u la tio n s do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y e q u a l t o t a ls .

D ata a r e sh o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to
w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n , b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
c lu d e d a l s o , bu t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s an d in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­
c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c ­
c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e w o r k s c h e d u le s (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ­
l y e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t
h a lf d o l l a r .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s i s li m i t e d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n t s , e x c lu d in g in fo r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y t im e o f f w ith p a y is g r a n te d
at th e d i s c r e t i o n o f th e e m p l o y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d

3 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g a p o l i c y i f it m e t
e it h e r o f th e fo llo w in g c o n d i t io n s : ( l ) O p e r a t e d la t e s h ifts at the tim e
o f th e s u r v e y , o r (2 ) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g la t e s h ift s .
4 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t io n o f
t a b le B - 3 ) a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f i c e s w ith th e in d ic a t e d w e e k ly h o u r s fo r w o m e n
w ork ers.

* T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B u r e a u f s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
A t la n t a , G a . , b y B e r n a r d J . F a h r e s , u n d e r the d ir e c t io n o f L o u is B .
W o y t y c h , R e g io n a l W a g e an d I n d u s t r ia l R e la t io n s A n a ly s t .
1 S e e t a b le 1 f o r m i n i m u m - s i z e e s t a b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .
T h e ta b u la t io n o f m in im u m e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s r e l a t e s o n ly to p r o v i s i o n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d .




1

2

a c c o r d i n g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u tin g v a c a t io n p a y m e n t s , s u c h
a s tim e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f an n u a l e a r n in g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e ,
p a y m e n ts n ot on a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u iv a le n t o f
1 w eek ’s pay.
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n
p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r ,
e x c e p t in g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n ’ s c o m p e n s a t io n an d
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l
in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y a n d th o s e p r o v i d e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id
d ir e c t ly b y the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu nds o r f r o m a fu nd
s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e . D ea th b e n e fit s a r e in c lu d e d a s a f o r m o f
life in s u r a n c e o
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is l im it e d to th at ty p e o f i n ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s i s d u rin g il l n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ic h the
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k an d N ew J e r s e y , w h ic h
h av e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 5 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
tr ib u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2 ) p r o v i d e s th e e m p lo y e e

w ith b e n e fit s w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u la t io n s
o f p a id s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e fu ll
p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r ’ s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e ca u se o f illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la t io n s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to
(1) p la n s w h ich p r o v i d e fu ll p a y a n d n o w a it in g p e r i o d , a n d (2 ) p la n s
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a it in g p e r i o d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n t a t io n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l is
sh ow n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th ty p e s o f b e n e f it .
C a ta s tr o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x te n d e d
m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e
n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a li z a t io n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p la n s . M e d ­
i c a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t
o f d o c t o r s ’ f e e s . S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r it t e n b y c o m m e r c i a l i n ­
s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t i o n s o r th e y m a y b e s e l f in s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e li m i t e d to th o s e
p la n s th at p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f th e w o r k e r ’ s
life .

5 T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a l i f o r n i a an d R h o d e I s la n d
do n ot r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s .

Table 1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in New Orleans,
1 Minimum
Number of establishments
size
establish­
Within
Industry division
ment
Studied
scope of
in scope of
study
study 2
51
575
154
A ll divisions ____________ _____________________
51
53
Manufacturing _ ___________ _______________ __
181
51
101
Nonmanufacturing
394
Transportation (excluding railroads),
communication, and other public u tilitie s 4 ._
51
22
73
Wholesale trade
_ .......
51
21
109
Retail trade
_
_ _ ... ....
51
123
30
Finance, insurance, and real estate .
_ _ ..
51
14
52
Services6
_.
51
14
37

La., 1 by major industry division, November 1955
Workers in establishments
Within scope o$ study
Total 3
Office
Plant
117,200
45,300
71,900
24,700
11,000
' 23,100
6, 100
7,000

15,800
3,600
12,200
3,200
(5)
2,300
(5)
(5)

74,700
35,800
38,900
8,900
(5)
18,300
(5)
(5)

Studied
Total 3
66,120
24,790
,41,330
18,740
2,930
12,500
2,890
4,270

1 The New Orleans Metropolitan Area (Jefferson, Orleans, and St. Bernard Parishes). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table pro­
vide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a
basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment
data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum size lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and motion-picture theatres are considered as 1 establishment.
3 Includes executive, technical, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
5 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient
to justify separate presentation of data.
Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and
engineering and architectural services.




3

W age

The
w om en

ta b le

o ffic e

p la n t w o r k e r

b e lo w

c le r ic a l

p re se n ts

w o rk e rs ,

p ercen ts

and

in

o f

T ren d s

ch an ge

a v era g e

fo r

in

S e le c te d

s a la r ie s

e a r n in g s

o f

O c c u p a t io n a l

o f

s e le c te d

g ro u p s.

T h e
(l)

g e n e ra l

pay

F o r
a rd

w o rk

p la n t

w o rk e r

en d s,

c le r ic a l

s a la r ie s

s c h e d u le

e a r n in g s ,
fo r

o ffic e

w e e k ly

fo r

g ro u p s,

e x c lu d in g

h o lid a y s ,

s e le c te d

w h ic h
th ey

la te

im p o r ta n t

jo b s

c le r ic a l
in c lu d e d

in

jo b s

w e re

m e a su re
p ay

w ith in

ea ch

E ig h te e n

m a in te n a n c e

p la n t

w ork er

r e la te
th e

r e c e iv e d

See

3

ra te s,

fe cte d

on

d a ta
in

u n s k ille d

fo o tn o te s

in

r e s u lt

w o u ld

in c lu d e d

and

th e

and

w eek ­

n u m e r ic a lly

w e re

jo b s

F or

in c re a s e

to

by

o r

h o u r ly

on

b a sed

th e

to

sta n d ­

p a id .

w ork

a re
o f

jo b s

d a ta .

a re

fo r

m ost

g rou p .

is ,

s tr a ig h t-tim e

and

s k ille d

10

th e

in

p ercen ta g es

in c lu d e

ch an ge

th a t

s a la r ie s

o v e r tim e

The

and

of

o f w ork ,

ch an ges

fo r

s h ifts .

d a ta ;

o ffic e

p ercen ts

h ou rs

s tr a ig h t-tim e

o c c u p a tio n s

th e

th e

n orm a l

p r e m iu m

and

k ey

w o rk e rs ,

fo r

p ercen t
s a la r y

tu rn ov er
a v era g e

to

a

e x p a n s io n

d rop

th e

d rop ,

a

th e

th e

d iffe r e n t

w h ile

p a id

in

th ou g h

T he
o f

out

in

an

ch an ge

a

in

o f

lo w e r

(3 )

la b o r

e a r n in g s
th e

o c c u p a tio n
ch an ge
w ork ers

a re
by

a ls o

a f­

e s t a b lis h ­

m ovem en t

ca u se

o c c u r re d

m ig h t

any

p a id

e m p lo y e d

c o u ld

ra tes

and

e x p a n s io n

w it h o u t

e x a m p le ,

a re a

o f
in

s p e c ific

a v era g e

a v e ra g e

F o r

o f

jo b ;

fo rc e

e ffe c ts

in c re a s e s

o th er

A

w o rk e rs

th e

o r

sam e

th e

p r o p o r t io n

le v e ls .

no

in

w o rk e rs

th e

e ffe c t.

pay

p r in c ip a lly ,

m e r it

r e d u c tio n .

p r o p o r tio n

e s t a b lis h m e n t

(2 )

o c c u p a tio n a l

r e d u c t io n

in

even

or

o f lo w e r

in

o p p o s ite

s h ifts

w ith

m e a su re s,

ch a n ges;

in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s

w h erea s

h ig h -p a y in g

ch an ge
w age

p r o p o r tio n

in

by

o f

and

fo rc e

have

m en ts

G rou p s

th e

in

o f

a

a vera g es

oth er

a rea

e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

ta b le

b e lo w .
T h e
A v e ra g e
com p u ted
o r

fo r

h o u r ly

1953

and

w e e k ly

ea ch

o f

th e

e a r n in g s

w e re

N ov em b er

1955

in g s

fo r

in d iv id u a l

g a te

fo r

ea ch

a g g re g a te s

and

o f ch an ge

fro m

s e le c te d
th en

a

th e
on e

p e r io d




o c c u p a tio n s .

to

in

w ere

g rou p .

y ea r

d iffe r e n c e

a v era g e

m u ltip lie d

o c c u p a tio n s
g iv e n

or

e m p lo y m e n t

o c c u p a tio n a l

fo r

com p u ted

s a la r ie s

to

by
th e

th en

b etw een

th e

r e s u lt

a v era g e

T h ese

to t a le d

a g g reg a te
th e

The

e a r n in g s

a vera ge

jo b .

F in a lly ,
th e

th e

h o u r ly

to

and

s a la r ie s

N ovem b er

w e ig h t e d

o b ta in

r a t io
fo r

o f

o f

100

an

is

e a rn ­

jo b
by

o f

in c lu d e d
ch an ges

t im e ,

use

o f

ch a n ges

s in c e

in
in

con sta n t

in

th e

th e
d a ta .

sta n d a rd

th e y

a re

In d exes

fo r

e m p lo y m e n t

p r o p o r t io n
N or

w ork

b a sed

a re

o f
th e

p e rce n ts

s c h e d u le s

on

pay

fo r

w as

p ercen t

a n oth er.

or

in

e lim in a t e s

re p re se n te d
o f

ch an ge

p r e m iu m

s t r a ig h t-t im e

m a jo r

la b o r

B e n e fits ,

17

th e

m a rk ets
L a b or

p e r io d

a p p ea red

M a rk ets,

1952
in

to

B L S

1955
B u ll.

1 9 5 4 -5 5 .

T a b le 2 : P e r c e n t c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l 1 a n d a v e r a g e
S t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d p la n t o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s 2 in
N ew O rle a n s , L a . , f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s f r o m ----In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l g rou p

N o v e m b e r 1953
to
N o v e m b e r 1955

D e c e m b e r 1951
to
N o v e m b e r 1953

D e c e m b e r 1^51
to
N o v e m b e r 195 5

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n )
__ ________ _______ ____
S k i l le d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____ __
_______________
U n s k i ll e d p la n t ( m e n ) __________________________________

8 .0
9 .0
6 .0

1 0 .2
2 1 .8
1 0 .7

1 9 .1
3 2 .7
1 7 .4

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) ________________
________
S k i l le d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) __________
__ _____ __
U n s k i ll e d p la n t (m e n ) __ _____ _____ __ _____ —

8 .1
7 .6
8 .7

1 1 .4
2 2 .2
4 .7

2 0 .4
3 1 .5
1 3 .8

1

w e ig h ts

w o rk e rs

th e
in

e f­
each

in flu e n c e d

pay

fo r

o v e r ­

h ou rs.

grou p

y e a rs
th e

fe cts

a g g re ­

th ese

oth er

w ere

B a s e d o n da ta f o r the fo llo w in g j o b s :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) :
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h i n e )
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A a n d B
C om p tom eter op e ra to rs
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A and B
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s
O ff ic e g i r l s
S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, gen eral
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l
T y p is t s , c l a s s A an d B

2

B a s e d o n d a ta f o r th e f o ll o w i n g j o b s :
S k i l le d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ):
C a rp en ters
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a c h i n is t s
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t iv e
M il l w r i g h t s
P a in t e r s
P ip e fit t e r s
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s
T o o l an d d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) ;
J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g
W a tch m en

fo r
1172,

w o rk e rs
W ages

in
and

17

oth er

R e la te d




A: Occupational Earnings
5

Table A-l: Office Occupations
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu died on an a r e a b a s is
in New O r le a n s , L a . , by in d u stry d iv is io n , N o v e m b e r 1955)
A verage

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly
Weekly 2 5 .0 0
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)
3 0 .0 0

$
3 0 .0 0

$ '
3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

3 5 .0 0

“
4 0 .0 0

“
4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

~
5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

“
6 5 .0 0

“
7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

“
8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0
“
9 0 .0 0

$
$
$
9 0 .0 0
95.00 100.00
9 5 .0 0 lon .oo 105.00

$
105.00
110.00

$
110.00
and

23
1
22

3

14
6
8
2
-

_

.

_

_

over

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A _
M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __________
P u b lic u tilit ie s * _________
R e ta il t r a d e ______________

517
169
348
112
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 3 .5

$
7 9 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____
R e ta il t r a d e ___________

205
56
149
43
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 1 .0

5 7 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
5 8 .5 0
6 1 .5 0

C l e r k s , o r d e r _______
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____
N on m an u factu rin g

340
54
286

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 4 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _______
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______
N on m an u factu rin g _

84
48
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

7 0 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

O ffic e b o y s -------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ______
N on m an u factu rin g _
P u b lic u t ilitie s *

225
59
166
62

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

3 7 .0 0
3 8 .5 0
3 6 .5 0
3 7 .0 0

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _________

69
46

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 0 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

165
41
124

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

4 7 .0 0
5 0 .0 0
4 6 .0 0

11 .

2

23
2
10

65
23
42
18
-

71
32
39
15
7

32
3
29
23
-

71
31
40
28
1

88
33
55
8
5

41
20
21
12
-

34
11
23
3
-

36
6
30
6
10

45
5
40
8
-

29
3
26
11
5

15
5
10
10
-

13
6
7
2
5

11
9
2
2
-

12
6
6
2
-

12
1
11
1
10

5

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
3
10

71
10
61

44
6
38

46
5
41

42
3
39

19

32
8
24

43
14
29

7
2
5

8

_

_

_

8

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

11

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

?

-

-

_

19
13
6

7
1
6
1
2
15
3
12

-

-

_

-

_

_

“

-

2

_

.

_

_

-

_

.

-

“

_

-

_

8

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

1
1
-

92
t5

-

67
22

77
il
66
25

28
10
18
12

23

_
-

.

_

.

_

“

"

7
7

13
13

82

35
20
15

29
21
8

_

~

“

_

.

.

-

-

-

“

82

-

8

9

14
2

8
3
5

23

2
1
1
1

5
3
2

8
4
4

-9
9
-

-

19
13
11
2

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
11

6
"

13
6
7

5
5
"

_

20
2
18
1
5

5

4
-

4

4
3
1

24
7
17
_

_

-

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

5
2
3

_

.

1
1
-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

5
3

_

_

_

-

“

“

-

4
“

2
“

16
11

4
1

_

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e )
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________
B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a ch in e ) .
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________
R e ta il t r a d e __________________________

58
53
48

4 1 .5
4 1 .5
4 1 .5

4 6 .5 0
4 5 .0 0
4 5 .0 0

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________

104
-------53
51

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 8 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

B o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________
R e ta il t r a d e __________________________

40 6
56
3 50
74

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

4 6 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
4 4 .5 0
4 4 .5 0

C l e r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c la s s A ______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________ ,____________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________

182
59
123
43
40

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .5

6 8 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
5 7 .0 0




-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

“

-

"

~

-

-

"

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

10
6
4

29

20
11
9

21

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

116
6
110
16

34
12
22

19
13
6

2
2

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

11
8
3
-

2
2

2

25
8
17
9

10

4

22

12

20

11

_

.

_

10

4

2

-

8

3

11
9
3
4

4

_

1
21
8
7

_

_

26
16
10
7
1

_

-

3
3
3

29
29
26

9
9
7

12
12
12

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

18
15
3

78

109
1
108
23

_

6

_

-

-

6

-

4

.

_

_

_

_

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .
* T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er public u t ilit ie s .

1

-

-

_

_

1

-

_

-

-

17
17

_

78
18

-

29

12
3
7

-

7
2

49
12
37
17
10

11
9
2
-

"

-

2

6

8

_

_

1
1
1

4
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , N ew O r le a n s , L a ., N o v e m b e r'1 9 5 5
U .S . D E PA R T M E N T OF LA BO R
B u rea u o f L a b or S tatistics

6

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
in N ew O r le a n s , L a . , b y in d u s try d iv is io n , N o v e m b e r 1955)
Avzkagb
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
3 0 .0 0

$
3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
55.00

$
6 0 .0 0

^ 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

$ 95.00

3 5 .0 0

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

60.00

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

100.00

_
-

8
8
8

58
58
17

162
44
118
18

155
43
112
10

92
20
72
6

28
6
22
8

102
17
85
22

19
10
9
5

19
9
10
-

5
5
-

7
1
6
-

•_
_
-

2
2
-

_
_
-

_
-

-

-

13
9

19
19

12
8

7
5

3
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

_

“

2
2

"

-

-

-

43
18

65
65
4

47
6
41
-

18
4
14
1

9
9

1
1
1

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

.
"

_
"

.
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

38
38
5

35
35
2

9
4
5
5

_
-

2
2
-

1
1
1

_

_
-

_
-

_

_

$
Weekly
Weekly 2 5 .0 0
h UB
OT
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
3 0 .0 0

$
$
$
100.00 105.00 110.00
and
105,00 110.00
over

W om en - C on tinued
657
152
505
94

C le r k s , f ile , c la s s A
N onm anufacturing

....

C le r k s , f ile , c la s s B
M anufacturin g
N onm anufacturing
R eta il tra d e

.......................... ..

------ ---------

C le r k s , o r d e r
M anufacturin g
N nm nannfarturing
R eta il tra d e
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
M anufacturin g _
_
N onm anufacturing
R etail trad e

.
.......

C o m p tom eter o p e r a t o r s
M anufacturin g
N onm anufacturing
_
P u b lic u tilitie s *
R eta il tra d e

$
5 0 .5 0
5 2 .0 0
5 0 .0 0
4 8 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

5 1 .5 0
5 1 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .5

4 1 .5 0
5 0 .0 0
4 0 .5 0
3 8 .0 0

_
-

65
1
64
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

4 9 .5 0
5 1 .0 0
4 9 .5 0
4 3 .5 0

4
4
4

12
12
4

40
40
19

15
5
10
2

17
8
9
1

37
9
28
-

_
-

13
5
8
4

13
5
8
2

24
7
17
4

30
11
19
8

25
12
13
5

_

-

.
-

22
22
20

80
5
75
16
27

59
5
54
2
16

57
23
34
9
15

-

12
----- 12
4

264
-------T T
237
58

_

_
.

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 1 .0

58
46

C le r k s , a ccou n tin g , c la s s B
M anufacturin g
N onm anufacturing
R e ta il trad e

....

( ... ...

210
28
182
43
191
-------9?
97
29

..... .........
............ ...

5 4 .0 0
3 9 .5
4S70 ' 5 7 ;6 0 "
3 9 .0
5 1 .5 0
4 7 .5 0
4 0 .5

308
75
233
46
85

K ey-p u n ch o p e r a t o r s
N onm anuf ac tu r ing
R e ta il trad e

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

5 1 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
4 8 .5 0
5 1 .0 0
4 4 .5 0

165
134
28

.....................

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 2 .0 0
4 8 .5 0
4 6 .5 0

83
78

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3 6 .5 0
3 6 .0 0

217
17

S e c r e t a r ie s
M anufacturin g
N onm anuf ac tu r ing
P u b lic u tilitie s *
R e ta il tra d e

651
205
446
144
69

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 7 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

_

S te n o g r a p h e r s, g e n e r a l

1110
313
797
234
149

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

5 4 .5 0
5 7 .5 0
5 3 .0 0
5 1 .0 0
5 0 .5 0

297
275
27
93

4 2 .5
“ 4Z75"
3 9 .0
4 1 .5

O ffic e g ir ls
N onm anufacturing

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N onm anufacturing
P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s *

R e ta il trad e
-----S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
.....
P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s *
R e ta il tr a d e
. _

-------

,

------

24
24
.

r~

------- 6 _
£
4
6
------- 6“

4

_

.

_
_

4
-

.
_

-

-

-

_
.

_

_

6
-

-

-

32
15
7

32

6

4 2 .0 0
22
71
41.0"0 ' T Z ------ — 71
_
4 7 .5 0
3 9 .5 0
4
9

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .
♦ T r a n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s




49
—

47
----7
37

17
----- I T ”
2

45
45 ‘
2

17
------- g -

15
— n r5
2
29
7
22
13
5

s 22
T~

11

17
r—

T~

3
_

34
2l
13
2
24
12
12
3
2

4
13
10
-------- T - --------5”
-------- r ~
6
4
2
8
6
2
2
-•

10
9
1
1
-

10
21
8
— n r ~ ------- T ~ ------- 5 2
.

_

.

13
-------- g 5
5
-

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

8
4
4
-

-

2
2
-

4
4
-

_
-

2
2
-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

_

_
-

.

2
-------- 2T
-

_

_
-

-

-

.

.
-

_
-

-

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

81
23
58
24
17

100
29
71
29
9

81

37

62

37

11
26
11
6

31
31
10
4

21
16
7
-

18
10
8
7
1

13
3
10
3
-

9

34

60
20
40
15
7

197
79
118

189
42
147
50
24

79
34
45

36
21
15
-

31
20
11
3
-

10
------- 5
1

7
6
2

1

2

_

1

-

-

-

11
6
-

36
8
8

197
50
147
60
31

174
40
134
39
45

155
' 25
130
43
15

26
-----Z5
4
1

48

48
-----¥B“
6
28

—
5

13

22

13
13
---------7 _
1
1

47
10
11

2

14

--------- j—

_

_
_

_

-

4
2

87
17
70
11
5

-

-

24
21

42
6

_
-

_

9
3
1

-

9
9
_

6

2

2
4

.

-

_

_

_

_

2

4

2

-

-

-

_

_

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

2
2
-

4

2

_

-

_

-

.

7

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in N ew O r le a n s , L a . , b y in d u stry d iv is io n , N o v e m b e r 1955)
Avebaoe
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly
Weekly 2 5 .0 0
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
1 0 .0 0

$
3 0 .0 0

$
3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$

9 0 .0 0

*95.00

3 5 .0 0

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0 -5 5 ,0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

100.00

5
5
-

1
1
_

2
2
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

1

_

1

1

$
$
$
100.00 105.00 110.00
and
105.00 110.00 o v e r

W om en - C on tin u ed
201
87
114
34

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s

_

T y p is t s , c la s s A __
M an u factu rin g
N on m an u factu rin g .. ............
P u b lic u tilit ie s *
T y p is t s , c la s s B
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u tilit ie s *
R e t a il tra d e

_

......

....

_

. ....'
_
.... ._. .

..........

...........................

........................ .

15
15
4

8
5
3
3

40
19
21
-

36
13
23
7

30
6
24
20

32
19
13
-

26
14
12
-

-

6
3
3
“

3 9 .0

6 0 .5 0

_

_

4

_

_

5

1

10

_

4

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

4 7 .5 0
4 6 .5 0

.

23
23

9
9

24
18

5
1

3
1

7
7

_

.

_

-

18
18

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

4 9 .5 0
5 2 .5 0
4 9 .0 0
5 0 .0 0

-

1
1

16
16

53
l6
37
16

66
12
54
12

38
11
27

31
7
24
12

4
4
-

3
1
2
2

3
3
3

2
2

_
-

_
-

-

95
10
85
31

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

580
121
459
114
85

_.

_
-

312
61
251
76

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
... __

$
5 0 .5 0
5 3 .5 0
4 8 .5 0
4 6 .0 0

89
77

. . _

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .5

28

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s
M an u factu rin g
N on m an u factu rin g
......... .
.......
R e t a il trad e
__ _

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 1 .0

4 2 .0 0
4 5 .0 0
4 1 .5 0
4 3 .5 0
4 1 .0 0

121
2
119
24
21

192
40
152
60
10

63
14
49
5
i4

53
20
33
1
16

41
12
29
19

2
2

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

-

6
.1
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

9
9

89
26
63
5
10

.

9

-

-

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

1

.

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

_

.
_

_

_
_
_

_

_

5

1 H ou rs r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 In clu d es 2 w o r k e r s at $ 2 0 to $ 2 5 .
* T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pub lic u tilit ie s .

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h o u rs and ea rn in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s studied o n an a r e a b a s is
in N ew O r le a n s , L a . , by in d u stry d iv is io n , N o v e m b e r 1955)
Avebaoe
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

-------- , ----------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------- —
-

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly
Weekly 5 0 .0 0
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
5 5 .0 0
—
—

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

$

95.00

$
100.00

$
105.00

$
110.00

$
115.00

6 0 .0 0

“
6 5 .0 0

“
7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

100.00

105.00

110.00

115.00

120.00

_
_

_
_

_

12
12

9
9

40
25
15

5
5

13
8
5

14
4
10

8
5
3

13
8
5

2
1
1

7
7
-

6
3

3
3

5
5

3
3

5
5

_

_

_

-

-

1
i

3
3

2
Z~

_

_

_

"

"

“

$
$
$
$
120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00
and
125.00 130.00 135.00 o v e r

M en
D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r _________________________________________
M an u factu rin g
... ...... .. .
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------

134
95
39

4 0 .5
4 0 .5
4 0 .0

$
9 4 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

_
_

-

-

-

D r a ft s m e n , j u n i o r _________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________________________________

78
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 9 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

20
12

7
------- 5

16
16

2
-

6
5

5
-

42
31 1

4 0 .0
4 0 .5

7 0 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

5
5

2
1

9
6

11
8

1
1

4
2

_'
_

11
n

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

_

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l ( r e g is t e r e d )
M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------

------- 3
j—

—

1
----- j -----

.

1 H ours r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th ese w e e k ly h o u r s .




O ccu p a tion a l W age S u r v e y , N ew O r le a n s , L a ., N o v em b er 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics

8

Table A-3: Maintenance apd Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in gs 1 f o r m en in s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a re a b a s is
in New O rle a n s , L a . , b y in d u stry d iv is io n , N o v e m b e r 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS O F -

O ccu p ation and in du stry d iv is io n

C a rp e n te rs , m ain ten an ce
M anufacturing __ _____
N onm anufacturing __
R eta il tra d e __
__

_ __ -------------- __ „
_____________________
_________ ___
_____ __ _ _ __ „

E le c t r ic ia n s , m a in t e n a n c e __ ____ __
_______
M a n u fa c tu r in g __ __ _ __ __ __ __ __ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____ _ __ _______ __ _

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

207
97
110
40

$
1 .91
1. 95
1. 89
2. 25

258
202
56

2. 20
2. 19
2. 24

1. 00

$
1. 10

$
1. 20

1. 00

1. 10

1. 20

1. 30

-

~

3
3
"

11
2
9
"

18
1
17
2

14
9
5
4

6
6
4

17
15
2
2

27
19
8
"

3
3
“

30
10
20

~

1
• 1
“

6
2
4
1

15
14
1
"

8
7
1
"

1
1
1

17
17
“

1
1
1

27
27
24

-

2
2

-

1
1

3
3

9
8
1

4
4

-

3
2
1

6
5
1

17
17
“

13
7
6

22
16
6

75
64
11

17
17

"

39
29
10

3
3

~

12
10
2

20
20

”

”

-

-

2
-

“

26
12
14
"

34
28
6
“

9
4
5
2

20
9
11

"

3
3
~

24
3
21
5

10
6
4
“

47
40
7
2

5
2
3
2

17
4
13
10

9
5
4
4

14
1
13
2

5
5
5

13
10
3
1

6
6
_

20
6
14

33
27
6

3
3
~

14
10
4

8
8
~

16
16
*

33
33
"

~

4
4
"

8
5
3

"

8
8
"

-

8
8
*

-

12
12

“

“

"

2
' 2

10
6
4

20
19

44
44

14
12

17
13
4

32
9
23

53
40
13

27
26

31
18
13

3
r~
-

66
575
-

4
4
_

-

1

30
25
5

-

2

7
6

6
6

-

“

-

4
4

2
2

22
22

28
28

$
0. 70
and
under
. 80

$
0. 80

$
0. 90

. 90

“

-

'

$

~

1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

% ,

$

$

$

1. 90

2. 00

$

$

%

2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

and
over

$

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

E n g in e e rs , s ta tio n a ry
__ _____ „ _ ______
M anufacturing __ __ __ _ _______
_ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____ ________ __
_______
R eta il tra d e __ __
__ ________ __ ---------

247
130
117
35

1.
1.
1.
2.

F ir e m e n , s ta tion a ry b o ile r _ ___ _____________ __
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____ ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________

167
140
27

1. 38
1. 45
1. 00

H e lp e r s , tr a d e s , m ain ten an ce
__ „ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________

355
286
69

1. 57
1. 58
1. 50

M ach in ists, m ain ten an ce
__ __ ____
________
M a n u fa c tu r in g __ __ __
__ _____ ____*__

193
173

2. 17
2. 16

_

_

-

-

-

M e ch a n ics, a u tom otiv e (m aintenance) ________
M a n u fa c tu r in g __ „ __ ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
P u b lic u tilitie s * ___________________ _________

428
110
318
287

1. 94
1. 87
1. 96
1 .9 6

.
“

"

“

”

13
13
11

1
1
~

26
17
9
9

14
9
5
2

19
11
8
1

36
20
16
15

2
2

36
20

16
16

2

M e ch a n ics, m aintenance _ __ ___________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g __ _____________ ______________

446
425

2. 08
2. 08

-

-

-

-

-

9
7

4
3

9
7

16
16

5
5

33
33

OLlers ______________________________________________

129
125

1 .4 9
1. 51

_

16
12

10
10

_

~

4

14
14

27
27

39
39

144
72
72

1. 88
2. 06
1. 70

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

10
10

12
26

M a n u fa c tu r in g ___ __

__________________________

P a in te r s , m aintenance _____ ___ __
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing

__

_____ __

76
74
78
07

-

~

1
1

_

'
P ip e fit t e r s , m ain ten an ce _
......... .
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________ __

52
49

2

1

■

16
-

4

4
1
3

38

12
11
1

- ’

"

1

----- 1
—

1. 94
1 .91

1
1
1

3

1
1
"

9_ n

3

29

"

3
3
2

"

-

-

-

~

"

"

-

-

■

-

-

-

-

"

“

25
25

7
-

34
30

50
42

-

8
8

188
7
181
177

21
8
13
8

7
2
5
"

12
12
~

2
2
“

-

-

16

35
4
31
30

“

"

56
55

79
79

25
25

32
32

11
7

9
9

158
147

4
4

3
3

3
3

.

_
“

“

~

“

5
2
3

6
2
4

12
4

7
6
1

19
13
6

-

20
20

-

-

_

“

—

16

8

-

-

,

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

'

E x clu d es p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts.
W o r k e r s w e re a ll at $ 3 .
T ra n sp o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilitie s .




7
1
6

9 .
9

2. 10

~

'
5
5

1
1

1
1

14
14

10
10

4
4

9
9

2
2

3

3
3

O ccu p a tion a l Wage S u r v e y , N ew O r le a n s , L a ., N o v e m b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

9
Table A-4:

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s 2 studied on an a r e a b a s is
in N ew O r le a n s , L a ., by in d u stry d iv is io n , N o v e m b e r 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p a tion and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

$
0 .4 0

$
0 .5 0

"
.5 0

.6 0

57
57

20
20

_

85
85

31
31

74
74

3
3

_

24
24

65
65

22
22

14
14

10
10

1
1

3
3

_

_

-

-

4
4

143
143

13
6
7

$
0 .3 0
and
under
.4 0

$
0 .6 0
.7 0

0 .7 0

$
0 .8 0

.8 0

.9 0

%

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (m e n ) ___________

288
276

$
0 .7 7
.7 5

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (w o m e n )

139
139

.59
.59

G u ards
_
M an ufacturin g

256
72
184

1.11
1.58
.9 3

_

_

-

-

2 ,0 3 9
541
1,498
125

.91
1 .20
.80
1.11
.7 0

46

112
_

_

60

46

112

157

420
65
355

60

26

70

84

257

487
26
461
18
108

99

166

191
7
184
1

............

_ .................. .............. .

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s (m e n ) ... ____

P u b lic u t i li t ie s *

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s (w o m e n ) .........
M an u factu rin g
.
N on m anufactur ing
R eta il tra d e '.... . . .
.
_
. _

_ .

.............
.

..

P a c k e r s , shipping (m en )
. __
M an u factu rin g
N on m an u factu rin g
_ _
R e ta il trad e
... .... .......

P a c k e r s , shipping ( w o m e n ) .....

_ ... _
........

_

R e c e iv in g c le r k s
M an u factu rin g
....
N on m an u factu rin g
R eta il trad e ....................... _

Shipping c le r k s _____________
M an u factu rin g
N on m anufactur ing
_ . ..
R etail tra d e ......

60

_

*

.......

.. ......... . ._
..............
.....

____________________
.... ..... ..........

754
33
721
.307

.61
1.08
.5 9
.5 0

3 ,2 7 5
1 ,313
1,962
878
443

1. 16
1.22
1.12
1 .20
.9 8

693
53
640
71

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling ...... . ......
M an u factu rin g
. _
N on m an u factu rin g
_ ............
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * .........
_
R e ta il tra d e
O rd e r f i l l e r s .... ... ....
M an u factu rin g
N on m an u factu rin g
R etail tra d e _

_

1.26
.9 8
1.28
1.01

422
125
297
95

1.1 9
1 .28
1.1 5
1 .0 3

36

.92

218
72
146
52

1 .49
1.48
1 .50
1 .23

-

-

243
72
171
42

1.48
1.4 6
1.49
1.29

_

-

157

91

136

_

_

_

_

99
78

91
77

136
115

166
30

8

16

_

_

$
1 .0 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

$
1 .1 0

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .30

$
1 .4 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

*
1 .4 0

1 .50

11
5

6

5
2
3

2
2

105
33
72
3
29

164
83
81
27
20

95
16
79
62
2

168
153
15
10
1

43
21
22
4
3

55
50
5

21
3
18
1

13

17
10
7
4

13
6
7
1

1
1
-

72
3
69

334
111
223

480
377
103

1054
52
1002
713
41

_

13

$
1 .5 0

$
1.6 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

$
1.8 0

$
%
$
1 .9 0
2 .0 0
2 . 10
- 1 .90 . 2.QQ... 2 . IQ JL.21L

$
1 .70
-

_

1
1

-

-

_

_

26
6
20

1
1

19
19

12
10
2

12
12

56
48
8
1

56
46
10
_

_

_

2
2

-

4
4

_

-

-

-

162
75
87
2
48

265
225
40
3
17

252
214
38

81
55
26

193
71
122
102

70
60
10

8

8
17

25

31
1

80
4
76
3

17
2

25
1

11

61

22
22

8
8

11
1

61
8

over

JL

10

31

$
2 .4 0
and

_

-

2^ 10.

$
2 .3 0

15

_

$
2 .2 0
-

_

_

_

17
17
_

-

-

_

_

.

_

_

2
_
2

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

20

10

35

10

20

10

35

10

15

-

_

_

8

16

8

16

54

72

37

278
70
208
58
134

8

47
15
32

56
6
50
16

32
12
20
12

122
7
115
16

119
5
114
7

29
29
3

52
4
48
2

4

11

4
4

11

69
19
50
27

37
6
31
16

52
4
48
19

56
8
48
8

42
20
22
6

44
38
6
6

1

1

1

17

7

5

8

-

_

21
7
14
13

18
13
5
4

14
6
8
8

23
7
16
4

14
6
8
7

• 16
7
9
4

19
2
17
1

5
3
2
2

48
10
38

10
10

-

-

i
i

-

-

_

_

10

_

_

1
1

18
18
8

24
8
16
2

38
25
13
8

17

29
9
20
4

38
12
26
9

19
2
17
1

10
3
7
1

8
4
4
1

3
3

4
4

2
2

10

8

5

-

-

-

_

10

8

5

8
8

_

_

_

2

8

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

8

8
6

5
-

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er public u t ilit ie s .




$
0 .9 0

5

-

-

-

5

5
5

_

1

_

_

10

5
_

5
_

3

-

17
3.

10

_

1

O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y , N ew O rle a n s , L a . , N o v e m b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LA BO R
B u reau o f L a b or S ta tistics

10

T a b le A - 4 :

C u sto d ia l a n d M a te ria l M o vem en t O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u ed

(A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s 2 studied on an a r e a b a s is
in New O r le a n s , L a . , by in d u stry d iv is io n , N o vem ber 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

$
0 .3 0
and
under
.4 0

Average
hourly
earnings

$
0 .4 0

$
0 .5 0

$
0 .6 0

$
0 .7 0

$
0 .8 0

$
0 .9 0

$
1 .0 0

$
1 .1 0

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

.5 0

.6 0

.7 0

.8 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 Q

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

Q yex .

21
-

20
16
4

19
3
16

-

35
13
22
1
1

and

$
S h i p p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_
R e t a il t r a d e
_ ...

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u t il it i e s *
R e ta il t r a d e

___
_

......

T r u c k d r i v e r s , li g h t ( u n d e r l 1 t o n s )
/?.
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_ ............... ..............
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
.
___
R e t a il t r a d e
....... _ _

_ _

12

273
140
133
30

1 .4 7
1 .4 2
1 .5 1
1 .2 0

-

-

-

-

2 ,2 1 5
423
1 ,7 9 2
615
441

1 .2 9
1 .3 7
1 .2 7
1 .4 3
1 .1 5

_
_

4
-

8
-

4
_

8

-

4

8

632
84
548
157

1 .2 2
1 .2 4
1 .2 2
1 .0 1

849
268
581
160
1 71

T r u c k d r iv e r s h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a ile r
t y p e ) --------------------------------------------------------------^---------------M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
....

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r
th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )
...
........
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___

_

-

-

-

8
8
8

1 .2 4
1 .3 7
1 .1 9
1 .4 0
1 .2 2

_
_
_

_
_
-

-

539
60
479
330

1 .3 7
1 .5 4
1 .3 4
1 .3 7

_

177
166

1 .5 1
1 .5 1

576
376
200
1 67

1 .4 6
1 .5 2
1 .3 4
1 .3 6

_

95

1 .4 9

W a tch m en
M a n u fa c t u r in g
........................ ..
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
...............
P u b lic u t il it i e s *
..... ............ ..
R e t a i l t r a d e ....
. ..

672
130
542
94
50

.9 3
1 .1 6
.8 7
.9 6
.8 6

-

-

-

4
4
4

-

"

-

4
4
_

10
8
2
_

161
8
153
_

-

46

.
-

5
5
-

-

_
_
_

4
_

-

-

_
-

-

15
_

9
3
2

15
9

1 68
46
1 22
1
75

315
44
271
7
103

86
62
24
9

2
2
-

21
5

322
79
243

418
18
400
316
48

165
29
1 36
1
81

59
12

71
12
59
53

65
8
57
36

121
25
96
4

24
-

"

99
3
96
28

4
_

5
3
2
-

62
5
57
-

94
34
60
-

159
30
129
-

-

-

-

18

19

33

1 09
45
64
8
8

_

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

"

"

-

52
6
46
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
15
13
2

63
3
60
5

19
2
17

160
2
158
98
48

24
24
-

84
6
78
30

22
22

7
4

36
28
8

27
27

16
8
8

4

29
11
18

14
6
8

5
5
-

-

-

"

20
15
5
5

-

-

-

-

"

-

95
51
44
_

97
14
83
_

269
30
239
230

72
51
21
_

60
20
40
_

8
8
_
_

2
2
_

2
2
_

_

19

44

-

-

-

99
3
96

6
6
-

.

-

10
3
7

-

4
-

•

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

2
2
_

_
-

-

-

-

(1 l/z t o a n d i n c l u d i n g
_

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g . . ....
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *

T ru ck ers,

_

_
_
_

_
-

__________________
____
___
_ .....
..........

p o w e r (o th e r th a n fo r k lift )

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

.

.

_

_

1

_

11
'

_

8

_

65

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

11

8

_

_

_

65
30
10

4

E x clu d es p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts .
Data lim it e d to m en w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o th e r w is e in d ica te d .
W o r k e r s w e re a ll at $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2 .5 0 .
Inclu des all d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a te d .
* T ra n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

1
2
3
4




7
---------5 ~
1

-

"

1

17
5

19
19

12
-

41
33
8
-

52
8
44
_

80
26
54
54

40
40
-

5
5
-

2
2
_

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

12
11
1
1

-

44

-

-

-

-

-

-

234
16
218
218

18
2
16

4
4

4
2
2

3
1
2

21
5
16

23
13
10

4
4
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

~

85
1
84
80

-

-

-

60
60

21
15

25
25

5
5

5
5

32
30

105
5
100
92

91
20
71
63

66
65
1

24
24

91
91

31

26

-

11
11

_

_

_

-

5

13
1
12
12

59
59

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_

'

24
-

-

-

-

-

“

_

.

8

4

51

3

27

43

21
16

34
13
21
12
1

21
20
1

18
4
14

6
6

12
12

5

_

9

_

_

1

25

_

21
12

22

5

2

2
2

1
4

.

_

_

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

.

1

406
21
385
30

l6
9

29
10

'

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m
4 ton s)
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
R e ta il tr a d e

-

2
2
-

•

-

_

_

_




11

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary W age Provisions

Table B-1: Shift Differential Provisions 1
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plan t w o r k e r s —
(a)
In e s ta b lis h m e n t s h avin g
f o r m a l p r o v i s io n s f o r ----

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

S e c o n d sh ift
w ork

7 1 .7

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift w o r k

58. 7

(b)
A c t u a lly w o rk in g on—

S e c o n d sh ift

1 5 .4

v T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

5. 5

W ith sh ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l ______ ______________________________

5 3 .8

4 9 .4

11. 7

5 .2

U n ifo r m ce n ts (p e r h o u r ) -----------------------------------------------------

5 3 .0

43 . 3

11. 7

4 .7

2 ce n ts ______ ________ ________ ________ ___________
3 ce n ts ____________________________________________________
4 ce n ts
5 ce n ts ____________________________________________________
6 ce n ts _________________ _______________
________ ____
7 ce n ts _____________________________________________ ______
7 /4 c e n ts ____ — _____ __ __ __ _____ __ ________ _
8 c e n ts ______ _____ ____________ __ _____ ___________
9 ce n ts _____________ ________ _________________________
10 c e n t s ..................................................................... ....................
12 c e n ts
___
_
_ ^
1 2 / 4 c e n t s ---------------- — ---------------------------------------- -----15 ce n ts ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 .3
2. 0
1 1 .9
1 0 .4
1 8 .0

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r re d u c e d h o u r s _________________________
O th er --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o sh ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________________________________

_

-

3 .5
4 .4
1 .5

-

_
1. 3
7. 0
1 1 .9
1. 7

. 1
2 .4
2. 7
3. 8
-

-

1 .2

2. 0

1. 8
6.6
1. 0
5. 0
3 .5
1 .4

.9
-

_
. 1
.6

1 .9
.4
_
.3
1. 1
. 1

.6

.2

-

t

1 7 .9

.8

-

5. 3

.8

-

.5

9 .3

3 .7

. 3

1
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (a) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l ic y and (b) w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d on
s h ifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y . A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h avin g a p o l ic y i f it m e t e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d i­
tio n s : (1) O p e ra te d late shifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y , o r ( 2 ) had fo r m a l p r o v i s io n s c o v e r in g late s h ift s .
| L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , N ew O r le a n s , L a . , N o v e m b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

late

12

Table B-2: Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1
Num ber of e stablishm ents with s p e cifie d m inim um hiring rate in—
M anufacturing
M inim um rate
(weekly salary)

A ll
industrie s

154

M anufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w eekly hours 2 of—
A ll
schedules

E stablishm ents s tu d ie d _______________________________________

Number of esta b lish m en ts with s p e c ifie d m inim um hiring rate in—

40

A ll
schedules

53

XXX

101

B ased on standard w eekly hours 2 of----

A ll
industrie s

A ll
schedule s

40

XXX

N onm anufacturing

154

40

A ll
schedules

40

53

XXX

101

XXX

FOR OTHER IN EXPERIENCED C L E R IC A L WORKERS

FOR INEXPERIENCED TYPISTS

26

1
3
4
11
5
6
3
1
2
-

2
4
8
4
4
2
1
1
-

15

12

33

24

54

1
1
5
7
9
_
14
5
2
_
3
1

_

_
1
3
_
6
2
1
1
1

_
_
1
2
_
5
1
1
1
1

1
1
5
6
6
_
8
3
1
2
-

_
5
4
5
_
6
2
1
1
-

1
3
5
12
7
13
4
3
4
2

E stablishm ents having no s p e c ifie d m inim um ______ ________

39

16

XXX

23

XXX

48

21

XXX

27

XXX

E stablishm ents which did not em ploy w ork ers
in this c a t e g o r y ________ _____________________________________

66

22

XXX

44

XXX

51

14

XXX

37

XXX

____________________________________________

1

XXX

1

XXX

1

-

XXX

1

XXX

$ 25 .00 and
$27. 50\and
$30. OO'and
$ 3 2 , 50 and
<
$ 35 o00 and
$ 37 .50 and
$ 40 .00 and
$ 4 2 .50 and
$45. 0 0 and
$47 .50 and
$50 .00 and
$ 5 2. 50 and
$55. 00 and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
unde r
under
over

Data not available

15

36

48

$ 27.5 0 __________________________________
\ 3 0. 0 0 _____ _____________ *______________
j?
$32. 50 __________________________________
$35. 00 __________________________________
$37. 50 _________________________________
$ 4 0 .0 0 _________________________ ______
$ 4 2 .5 0 _________________________________
$ 4 5 .0 0 _________________________________
$47. 50 ___________________ __
_ ______
$ 5 0 .0 0 _________________________________
$ 5 2 .5 0 _________________________ ______
$ 5 5 „ 00
_ __
_
................
____________________________________ ______

E stablishm ents having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m ________________

18

1
1
2
_
7
1
2
2
2

1
i
'

_
1
1
1
5
1
2
2
2

_

L ow est sala ry rate fo rm a lly esta b lish ed fo r hiring in ex p erien ced w ork ers for typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s .
Hours re fle ct the w orkw eek fo r which em p loy ees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries,, Data a re presented for all w orkweeks com bin ed and fo r the m ost com m on w orkw eek re p o rte d .




Occupational Wage S urvey, New O rlea n s, L a. , N ovem ber 1955
U .S , DE PA RTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau of L abor S tatistics

13

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
1

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EM PLOYED IN —

W eekly hours

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

*

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

Finance

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

*

Retail trade

__ __ — __ __ — — — — -

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Under 3 7 12z hours „ __ — — __ — __ — __ _
/
3
3 7 l/z hou rs „ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _
O v er 3 7 V 2 and under 40 hou rs __ __ __ _______
40 hours
__ __ __ __ _______ __ __ __ — _
O v er 40 and under 44 h o u r s ___ __ __ __ __ _
44 hou rs __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ ____ ___ __
O v er 44 and under 48 hours
_______ ___ __ _
48 hours
__ __ __ __ __ _____ __ __ __ __ _
O v er 48 and under 50 hours __ __ __ __ __ __ _
50 hou rs
__ __ ____ __ __ __ __
_____ _
O v er 50 hours __ __ __ __ ____ ____ _____

3
15
5
66
4
4
3
t
-

t
5
5
79
6
3
t
-

6
46
8
39
_
-

t
7
t
65
9
4
12
t
-

t
t
67
5
t

t
95
t

6

3
t
82
_
7

13
t
t
t

t
“

38
19
t
6
26
-

A ll w o rk e rs __

1
2
3
t
*

5

5

■

4
5

Data rela te to w om en w ork ers on ly.
Includes data fo r w h olesa le trade; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry division s shown se p a ra te ly .
Includes data fo r w h olesale tra d e, re a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown se p a ra te ly ,
L e s s than 2 .5 p e rce n t.
i
T ra n sp ortation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.

Table B4: Paid Holidays1
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EM PLOYED IN —
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

__

______

__

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n
p a id h o lid a y s
__ __ __
L e s s th a n 5 h o lid a y s
5 h o lid a y s
__ __ __
F u ll d a y s o n ly
„
P lu s
6 h o lid a
F u ll
P lu s
P lu s

1 ha
ys
days
1 ha
2 ha

lf d a y
__
„
o n ly
lf d a y
lf d a y s

P lu s 4 h a lf d a y s
7 h o lid a y s
__ __ „
F u ll d a y s o n ly
P lu s 1 h a lf d a y

8

All
2
industries

d a y s o n ly
1 h a lf d a y
2 h a lf d a y s
ys
_

Finance

Manufacturing

Public £
utilities

Retail trade

—

_

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

t s p r o v id in g
______ __ ___________
__ __ ___________ __
__ __ ______ __ __
__ __ ______ __ __

__
__
__
__

_
_
_
_

100

100

100

100

79

-

t
-

11

-

88
16
-

__ __ __
__ __ __
______ ___
__ ______
__ __ __

__ __ __ __ _
______ __ __ _
______ ___
__ _
______ __ __ _
__ __ __________

t
64
42

t
t
t
-

-

-

77
10
4
3

68

t
t
t

-

-

55

32

85

38

5

t

t

t

______
______

3
14
12

16
_

18
18
-

__
__

79
6
-

64
64
_

----------

__

__

__

__

__

__
__

__ __
.....
__

__

__

__
.....

1

_
_

_____

______ __
_ .... ____
........ .
__

_

t
t

t

18

______
__ __
____

20

18
8
30
26
4
30

9

__
__

F u ll d a y s o n ly
_
P lu s 1 h a lf d a y
__
__ __ __ __
P lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
.......... .
10 h o lid a y s
______ __ __ __ __ __ ______
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o lid a y s
_____ _____ ____ ___
__ __

days

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN—
All
3
industries

__

__

P lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
h o lid a y s

F u ll
P lu s
P lu s
9 h o lid a

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

17

15
5

11
-

t
8
3
2

_
_

t
t
t

_____

t

__

17
16

-

-

19
8
8
-

-

t

5

4
t

t

10
10
4
4

t
40
36

t
t
t
12
11
-

t
11
11
-

t
t
-

t
t
29
29
-

t

t
13
13
10
10
-

32
32
27

3
3
-

t
t

27
-

-

9
9
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

t

23

32

21

12

E stim a tes rela te to fu ll-d a y holid a ys provided annually, as in e a r lie r stu d ie s.
T hese are furth er divided betw een w o rk e rs who r e c e iv e m e re ly the indicated num ber of fu ll-d a y h o liand those who r e c e iv e 1 o r m o r e half holidays in addition.
2 Includes data fo r w h olesa le tra d e; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry division s shown s e p a ra te ly.
3 Includes data fo r w h olesa le tra d e, rea l estate, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry division s shown s e p a ra te ly.
t L e ss than 2 .5 p e r c e n t.
O ccupational Wage Survey, New O rleans, L a ., N ovem ber 1955
* T ra n sp ortation (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
U .S . DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
for FRASER
Bureau of Labor Statistics

Digitized


14

Table &-&

Pgid V acations

PERCENT OF OFFICE W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN —

V acation p olicy

All
industries

A ll w ork ers _____________________________________

1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

P E R C E N T OF PLA N T W ORKERS EM PLO YED IN —

Finance

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

99
99
-

100
100

99
99
-

91
88
3

88
82
6

99
99
-

94
92
t

t

t

t

9

12

t

6

t

t
65
t

.
79
_
8

51
_
38
11

t
57
t
32
3

METHOD OF PA YM E N T
W orkers in esta b lish m en ts providing paid
v a c a t io n s _______________________________________
L e n g th -of-tim e paym ent
P ercen tag e paym ent
W orkers in esta b lish m en ts providing no
paid vacations _________________________________

-

AMOUNT OF VACATION PA Y
A fter 1 yea r o f s e rv ice
Under 1 week
1 week
.
... .
_
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 weeks .. .
_....
. ..
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks

t

........... ......

.
..

..

. ...

.

25

22

t

.

77

73

28
_
71
t

t

54
t
42
t

22

4

o

A fter 2 y ea rs o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _
.
1 week
_
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks

t

_

_

13
.

-

-

_

85
t

....

18

t

......... .

81
-

99
t

_

.

t
29
t
67
t

47
4
35
4

63
7
17
-

23

t
34
4
49
4

37
7
43
-

15

t

_

66
11

t
41
t
48
3

A fter 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek ___________________________________
1 week
_ .. _
.............. _... ...
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 weeks
...
..............
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks

_

t

84
-

99
t

t
25
t
71
t

4

4

_

17

13

t

-

_

t

90
t

91

82

t

79

-

4

t
17

t

4

10

15

-

f
89
t

-

-

11

t
41
t
48
3

7

9

28

_

_

72

81

t

79

4

_

11

_

74

A fter 5 y ea rs o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 week
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 weeks
.... ....
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 weeks
......

t

... _
.

t

t

t

See fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , N ew O r le a n s , L a . , N o v e m b e r 1955
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .




NOTE:

In the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n ts o th e r than ’ ’le n g th o f t im e , "
s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f ann ual e a r n in g s o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f ann ual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k ’ s p a y .

t

61
3

t

U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

15

Table B-5: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OF PLANT W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All
.
industries 1

____

100

U n d er 1 w e e k _________________________________________________
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d er 3 w e e k s _______________________________
3 w e e k s ______ ____________________ ________________________

t

_

_

t

t

_

_

t

4

4

13

6

9

28

t

-

17

-

t

t

-

-

t

85

77

82

79

79

61

-

t

-

11

3

9

18

t

70
4
4

75

t

6

t

-

A ll w o r k e r s ____

______________________________________

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

Finance

All
,
industries ^

100

Manufacturing

100

Public
utilities*

100

Retail trade

100

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y - C o n tin u e d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

17

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n der 1 w e e k _____________________________________ ______
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __ ________________________
3 w eeks

t

_

_

t

t

_

_

4

4

17

13

6

9

t

.

-

t

t

-

_

t

56

47

34

69

43

t

-

t

t

6

8
11

39

48

65

11

29

56
3
4

44
3
34

72

t
28

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d er 1 w e e k _______________________________________________
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s
2 w e e k s ______ _______________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s
3 w eeks
_ _
.. . ..
4 w e e k s and o v e r
.

t

_

t

t

_

_

4

4

13

6

9

t

_
-

17

-

t

t

-

-

t

52
t
39
4

44

31

66

41

7

_

t

t

6

52
3

46
5

64
5

14
"

30

_

t

42
3
33
3

69
4

11

t
28

8

-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d er 1 w e e k
............................................
1 w eek
_
. .
O v e r 1 a n d u n d er 2 w e e k s _
____
2 w eeks. . _
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s
____ _
3 w eeks _
4 w e e k s and o v e r

*
t
*

...
_

.
... _
. ...

t

t

17

13

6

9

-

-

t

t

-

-

t

50

44

23

66

41

_

t

t

11

31
13

31

3

20

72
5

6
26

42
3
30

7

t

11

5

6

52
3
4
4

4

t

In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a l e trade*, fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n t o th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .




_

_

t
4

69
4

t
28

16

Table & 6:

H ealth, Insurance, an d Pension Plans

PERCENT OF OFFICE W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN —

T y p e o f pla n

All
,
industries

_
A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________ ; _______

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

100

100

100

Retail trade

PER C E N T OF P LA NT W O RKERS E M PLO YED IN —

Finance

100

All
2
industries

100

v

Manufacturing

100

Public
utilities *

100

Retail trade

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g :
L ife

in s u r a n c e

.

A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e
o r s i c k le a v e o r b o th 3
.............. .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e _________
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r i o d )
_ _ ......
......
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ________ ____ ____________
H o s p it a liz a t io n i n s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ___________________ _____
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e _______________________ _________
C a ta s tr o p h e i n s u r a n c e _______________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n
No h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n
p lan
___ __

89

85

99

83

74

74

84

74

43

55

10

45

42

49

23

41

51
23

71
42

59
7

50
27

62
50

79
72

49
12

48
37

25

35

29

13

8

7

7

6

9
67
63
41
14
50

64
63
41
8
43

26
66
62
54
19
78

14
50
40
32
16
28

8
55
47
30
8
34

3
60
53
30
4
33

34
43
43
43
27
72

8
47
34
26
7
27

5

8

f

14

17

14

16

21

-

I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e l y .

2 I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
3

t

*

U n d u p lica te d to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t ,
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .




O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , N ew O r le a n s , L a . , N o v e m b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

17

.Appendix: Job Descriptions
The prim ary purpose o f preparing job d escrip tion s for the B u reau's wage surveys is to
a s s is t its field staff in cla ssifyin g into appropriate occu pations w ork ers who are em ployed under
a va riety of payroll titles and different w ork arrangem ents fro m establishm ent to establishm ent
and fro m area to a rea .
This is essen tial in ord er to p erm it the grouping o f occupational wage
ra tes representing com parable job content.
B ecause o f this em phasis on inter establishm ent and
in tera rea com parability of occupational content, the B ureau1s job d escription s m ay d iffer sig n ifi­
cantly fro m those in use in individual establishm ents o r th ose p rep ared for other p u rp oses.
In
applying these job d escrip tion s, the B ureau's fie ld rep resen ta tiv es are instructed to exclude w o rk ­
ing s u p e rv is o rs, apprentices, le a r n e r s , begin n ers, tra in e e s, handicapped w o rk e rs , p a rt-tim e ,
tem p ora ry , and probationary w o rk e rs .

Office

B IL E E R , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued

P r e p a re s statem ents, b ills , and in voices on a machine other
than an ord in a ry or e le ctr o m a tic typew riter. May a lso keep re c o rd s
as to b illin gs o r shipping ch a rg es or p erform other c le r ic a l w ork in ­
cidental to billin g op e ra tio n s.
F or wage study p u rp oses, b ille r s ,
m ach ine, arq c la s s ifie d by type o f m achine, as follow s:

C la ss A - Keeps a set o f re c o r d s requiring a knowledge o f
and ex p e rie n ce in b a sic bookkeeping p rin cip les and fam iliarity with
the stru ctu re o f the particu lar accounting system used.
D eter­
m ines p rop er r e c o rd s and distribution o f debit and cred it item s
to be used in each phase o f the w ork.
May prepare consolidated
r e p o r ts , balance sheets, and other r e c o r d s by hand.

B ille r , m achine (billin g -machine) - Uses a specia l billing
m achine (M oon H opkins, E lliott F ish er, B urroughs, e tc. , which
a re com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare b ills and
in v oices fr o m c u s to m e r s 1 purchase o rd e r s , internally prep ared
o r d e r s , shipping m em oran da, etc.
Usually involves application
o f p red eterm in ed discou n ts and shipping charges and entry o f
n e c e s s a r y exten sion s, which may or may not be com puted on the
billin g m ach ine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m ach ine.
The op era tion usually involves a large number o f
ca rb on co p ie s o f the b ill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold m ach ine.

C la ss B - Keeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m ore phases or sections
o f a set o f r e c o r d s usually requiring little knowledge o f b a sic b ook ­
k eeping. P h ases or section s include accounts payable, p ayroll,
c u s to m e r s 1 accounts (not including a sim ple type o f billing d e scrib e d
under b ille r , m achine), co s t distribution, expense distribution, in­
ven tory co n tro l, etc.
May ch eck or a ss is t in preparation of trial
b alan ces and prepare con trol sheets fo r the accounting departm ent.

B ille r , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) - U ses a bookkeeping
m achine (Sundstrand, E lliott F ish er, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
m ay or m ay not have typ ew riter keyboard) to p rep are cu s to m e r s 1
b ills as part o f the accou n ts receiv a b le operation.
G enerally
in volves the sim ultaneous entry of figu res on cu s to m e r s 1 led ger
record .
The m achine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a
num ber o f v e r tic a l colum ns and com putes and usually prints auto­
m a tica lly the debit o r cre d it balan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge o f bookkeepin g. W orks from uniform and standard types o f
sa le s and cr e d it s lip s .
BOOKKEEPING-M ACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (Rem ington Rand, E lliott
F is h e r , Sundstrand, B u rrough s, National Cash R egister, with or with­
out a typ ew riter k eyboard) to keep a r e c o r d o f business tran saction s.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A - Under general d irection o f a bookkeeper or a ccou n t­
ant, has re sp on sib ility fo r keeping one or m ore sections o f a c o m ­
plete set o f books or re c o rd s relating to one phase o f an estab lish ­
m e n t s business tran saction s. W ork involves posting and balancing
su bsid ia ry led g er or led g ers such as accounts receivab le or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding in v oices or vouchers with
p rop er accounting distribution; req u ires judgment and experien ce
in making p rop er assignations and a lloca tion s.
May a ssist in
p rep arin g, adjusting, and closin g journal en tries; may d irect cla ss
B accounting c le r k s .
C la ss B - Under su pervision , p e rfo rm s one or m ore routine
accounting operation s such as posting sim ple journal vou ch ers,
accou n ts payable vou ch ers, entering vou ch ers in voucher re g is te r s;
re co n cilin g bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers con trolled
by gen eral le d g e r s .
This* job does not requ ire a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping p rin cip les but is found in o ffice s in
which the m o re routine accounting w ork is subdivided on a fun c­
tional b asis among severa l w o rk e rs .

18

CLERK, FILE
C lass A - R espon sible for maintaining and establish ed filing
system . C la ssifies and indexes corresp on d en ce or other m aterial;
may a lso file this m a terial. May keep re c o rd s o f various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
m aterial in the file s .
May p erform incidental c le r ic a l duties.
C lass B - P e rfo rm s routine filin g, usually o f m a terial that
has already been c la s s ifie d , or loca tes or a ssists in locating m a ­
teria l in the file s .
May p erform incidental c le r ic a l duties.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu stom ers* ord ers for m a terial or m erch an dise by
m a il, phone, or p erson ally.
Duties involve any com bination of the
follow in g: Quoting p rice s to cu stom ers; making out an ord er sheet
listing the item s to make up the ord er; checking p r ic e s and quantities
of items on ord er sheet; distributing ord er sheets to resp ective d e­
partments to be filled .
May ch eck with cred it departm ent to d e te r­
mine credit rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receip t o f ord e rs from
cu stom ers, follow up ord ers to see that they have been fille d , keep
file of o rd ers re c e iv e d , and check shipping in voices with original
o rd e rs.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general su pervision and with no su p ervisory re s p o n s i­
b ilitie s , record s accounting and statistical data on tabulating card s
by punching a s e rie s of holes in the ca rd s in a sp e cifie d sequ en ce,
using an alphabetical or a n u m erica l key-punch m ach ine, follow ing
written inform ation on r e c o r d s .
M ay duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to m ach ine.
Keeps file s of punch ca rd s.
May v e rify own w ork or w ork o f oth ers.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running e rra n d s,
operating m inor office m achines such as s e a le rs or m a ile r s , opening
and distributing m a il, and other m in or c le r ic a l w ork.
SECRETARY
P erform s secre ta ria l and c le r ic a l duties fo r a su p erior in an
adm inistrative or executive p osition . Duties include making appoint­
ments fo r su perior; receivin g p eople com ing into o ffice ; answering
and making phone ca lls; handling p e rson a l and im portant or c o n fi­
dential m a il, and writing routine co rre sp o n d e n ce on own initiative;
taking dictation (where tran scrib in g m achine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ila r m ach in e, and tran scrib in g d icta ­
tion or the record ed inform ation rep rod u ced on a tran scrib in g m achine.
May prepare special reports or m em oran da fo r inform ation of su p e rio r.

CLERK, PAYRO LL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Computes wages of com pany em ployees and enters the n e c e s ­
sary data on the p a yroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers*
earnings based on time or production r e c o r d s ; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as w o r k e r ’s nam e, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insu ran ce, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks
and a ss is t paym aster in making up and d is ­
tributing pay en velopes.
May use a calculating m achine.

P rim ary duty is to take dictation fro m one or m o re p e rs o n s,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ila r m ach ine, involving a
norm al routine vocabulary, and to tra n scrib e this dictation on a ty p e ­
w rite r. May a lso type from w ritten cop y. M ay a lso set up and keep
file s in o rd e r, keep sim ple r e c o r d s , e tc.
D oes not include tran ­
scribin g-m ach in e w ork (see tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e ra to r).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

P rim a ry duty is to operate a C om ptom eter to p e rfo rm m athe­
m atical com putations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of c le rk , which m ay involve frequent use of
a C om ptom eter but, in which, use of this m achine is incidental to
perform an ce of other duties.

P rim ary duty is to take dictation fro m one or m o re p e rs o n s ,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ila r m ach in e, involving a
va ried technical or sp ecia lized vocab u la ry such as in legal b rie fs or
rep orts on scien tific re se a rch and to tra n scrib e this dictation on a
typ ew riter. May a lso type fro m w ritten cop y. May a lso set up and
keep file s in o rd e r , keep sim ple r e c o r d s , e tc.
D oes not include
tran scribin g-m ach in e w ork .

DU PLICA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general su pervision and with no su p ervisory re sp o n ­
s ib ilitie s , rep rod u ces m ultiple cop ies of typewritten or handwritten
m atter, using a m im eograph or ditto m achine. Makes n e ce s s a ry ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylin der speed.
Is not requ ired to prepare sten cil or ditto m a ste r. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m a ste rs .
May s o rt, co lla te , and staple c o m ­
pleted m a terial.




Operates a sin gle- or m u ltip le -p o sitio n telephone sw itchboard.
Duties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls .
May r e c o rd toll ca lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay give in fo r ­
m ation to persons who call in, o r o cc a s io n a lly take telephone o r d e r s .
F o r w ork ers who a lso act as re ce p tio n ists see sw itchboard o p e ra to rrecep tion ist.

19

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATO R, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPER A TO R-R EC E PTIO N IST
tion
type
This
tim e

In addition to p erform in g duties of op era tor, on a single p o s i­
o r m on itor-typ e sw itchboard, acts as reception ist and may a lso
or p e rfo rm routine c le r ic a l w ork as part o f regu lar duties.
typing or c le r ic a l w ork m ay take the m ajor part o f this w o rk e rrs
w hile at sw itch board.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates m achine that autom atically analyzes and translates
inform ation punched in grou ps of tabulating card s and prints tra n s­
lated data on fo rm s o r accounting re c o rd s ; sets or adjusts m achine;
does sim ple w irin g o f plugboards accordin g to established p ra ctice
o r d ia gra m s; p la ces ca rd s to be tabulated in feed m agazine and starts
m ach ine. May file ca rd s after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate a u xilia ry m a ch in es.

included. A w orker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
o r sim ila r machine is c la s s ifie d as a stenographer, gen eral.
TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to make co p ie s o f various m aterial or to
make out b ills after calcu lations have been made by another person .
May do c le r ic a l w ork involving little special training, such as keep­
ing sim ple r e c o r d s , filing r e c o r d s and re p o rts or sorting and d is ­
tributing incom ing m a il.
C lass A - P e r fo r m s one o r m ore o f the follow ing; Typing
m aterial in final fo rm fro m v e ry rough and involved draft; cop y­
ing fr o m plain or c o r r e c te d copy in which there is a frequent
and va rie d use o f techn ical and unusual w ords or from fo re ig n language copy; com bining m a terial fro m severa l sou rces, or
planning layout o f com p licated statistical tables to maintain uni­
fo rm ity and balance in spacing; typing tables fro m rough draft in
final fo rm .
May type routine fo rm le tte rs , varying details to
suit circu m s ta n ce s.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATO R, GENERAL
P r im a r y duty is to tra n scrib e dictation involving a n orm al
routine vocab u la ry fro m tran scrib in g machine r e c o r d s .
May also
type fro m w ritten cop y and do sim ple c le r ic a l w ork. W ork ers tran ­
scrib in g dictation involving a v a ried technical or sp ecia lized vocab u ­
la ry such as legal b r ie fs o r rep orts on scien tific re s e a rc h are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to sca le units or parts o f drawings prepared by d ra fts­
man o r oth ers fo r en gin eering, construction, or m anufacturing p u r­
p o s e s . U ses va riou s types o f drafting tools as req u ired. May p r e ­
pare drawings fro m sim ple plans or sketches, or p e rfo rm other duties
under d irection o f a draftsm an .
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and d ir e cts a ctivities o f one or m ore draftsm en in
p reparation o f w orking plans and detail drawings from rough or p r e ­
lim in ary sketches fo r en gineering, construction, o r manufacturing
p u rp o se s. Duties involve a com bination of the follow ing: Interpreting
blu ep rin ts, sketch es, and w ritten or verbal o rd e r s; determ ining w ork
p ro c e d u re s ; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their w ork;
p erform in g m ore d ifficu lt p ro b le m s . May a ssist subordinates during




C la ss B - P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the following; Typing
fro m re la tiv ely cle a r or typed drafts; routine typing o f fo rm s ,
insurance p o lic ie s , e t c . ; setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or
copying m ore com p lex tables already set up and spaced p rop erly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
e m e rg e n cie s o r as a regular assignm ent, o r p e rfo rm related duties
o f a s u p e rv iso ry or adm inistrative nature.
DRAFTSM AN, SENIOR
P r e p a re s working plans and detail drawings fro m notes,
rough o r detailed sketches fo r engineering, con struction, or manu­
facturing p u rp o se s.
Duties involve a com bination of the follow ing:
P rep a rin g working plans, detail draw ings, m aps, c r o s s -s e c tio n s , e tc.,
to scale by use o f drafting instrum ents; making engineering com puta­
tions such as those involved in strength o f m aterials, beam s and
tr u s s e s ; verifyin g com pleted w ork, checking dim ensions, m aterials
to be u sed , and quantities; writing sp ecifica tion s; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or sp e cifica tio n s. May ink in lines and letters
on p en cil draw ings, p repare detail units o f com plete drawings, or
tra ce draw in gs.
W ork is frequently in a specia lized field such as
a rch itectu ra l, e le c tr ic a l, m echan ical, or structural drafting.

20

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A re g is te re d nurse who gives nursing se rv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other person s who becom e ill or suffer an accident on
the p rem ises o f a fa ctory or other establishm ent.
Duties involve a
com bination o f the follow in g: Giving fir s t aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent d ressin g of e m p lo y e e s1 in ju ries; keeping re c o rd s
of patients treated; preparing accident rep orts for com pensation or
other p urposes; conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations
of applicants and em p loy ees; and planning and ca rryin g out p rogram s
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environm ent, o r other a ctivities
safety o f all person nel.

Maintenance

affectin g the health, w e lfa re ,

and

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings p rep a red by oth ers, by placing
tracing cloth o r paper over drawing and tracin g with pen or p en cil.
U ses T -s q u a re , com pass, and other drafting to o ls .
May prepare
sim ple drawings and do sim ple le tte rin g .

nd

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

P e r fo r m s the carpen try duties n e ce s s a ry to con struct and
maintain in good rep a ir building w oodw ork and equipment such as bins,
cr ib s , cou n ters, bench es, partition s, d o o rs , flo o r s , stairs, ca sin gs,
and trim made o f wood in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of
the follow ing: Planning and laying out o f w ork fro m blueprints, draw ­
ings, m od els, or verba l instru ction s; using a va riety of carpenter *s
handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents;
making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions o f work;
selecting m aterials n e ce s s a ry for the w ork. In gen eral, the w ork of
the maintenance carpenter req u ires rounded training and exp erien ce
usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent tra in ­
ing and ex p erien ce.

Operates and maintains and m ay a lso su pervise the operation
o f stationary engines and equipment (m ech anical o r e le c tr ic a l) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which em ployed with pow er, heat, r e fr ig e r a ­
tion, or air conditioning.
W ork in v olv es: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam en gin es, air c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e ra to rs, m o ­
to r s , turbines, ventilating and re frig e ra tin g equipm ent, steam b o ile rs
and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment re p a ir s; keeping a
r e c o r d o f operation of m ach inery, tem p era tu re, and fuel con su m p ­
tion. May also supervise these o p era tion s. Head or ch ie f en gin eers
in establishm ents employing m o re than one engineer are e xclu d ed .

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P e r fo r m s a va riety o f e le c tr ic a l trade functions such as the
installation, m aintenance, or rep air o f equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization o f e le c tr ic energy in an establishm ent.
W ork involves m ost o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any o f
a variety o f e le c tr ic a l equipment such as gen era tors, tra n sfo rm e rs,
sw itchboards, c o n tr o lle rs , circu it b rea k ers, m o to rs, heating units,
conduit system s, or other tra n sm ission equipment; working fro m blu e­
prints, draw ings, layout, or other sp ecifica tion s; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the e le c tr ic a l system or equipment; working standard
com putations relating to load requ irem en ts o f w iring or e le ctr ic a l
equipment; using a va riety o f electricia n *s handtools and m easuring
and testing instrum ents.
In gen eral, the w ork o f the maintenance
e le ctricia n req u ires rounded training and exp erien ce usually a c ­
quired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and
exp erien ce.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ire s stationary b o ile rs to furnish the establishm ent in which
em ployed with heat, pow er, or steam .
F eeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a m echanical stok er, gas, o r o il burn er; ch ecks water
and safety va lv es.
May clean, o il, o r a ss is t in repairin g b o ile r ro o m equipment.
H ELPE R , TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or m o re w o rk e rs in the sk illed m aintenance
trad es, by perform ing s p e cific o r gen eral duties o f le s s e r skill, such
as keeping a w orker supplied with m a teria ls and to o ls; cleaning w o r k ­
ing area , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g w ork er by holding m a ­
te ria ls or tools; perform ing other unskilled tasks as d ire cte d by jo u r ­
neym an. The kind of work the helper is perm itted to p e rfo rm v a rie s
fro m trade to trade: In som e trad es the h elper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding m a terials and to o ls and cleaning w orking
a re a s; and in others he is perm itted to p e rfo rm sp e cia lize d m achine
op era tion s, or parts o f a trade that a re a lso p e rfo rm e d by w o rk e rs
on a fu ll-tim e b a sis.

21

M ACHINE-TOOL O P E R A TO R , TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

S p ecia lizes in the operation o f one or m ore types o f machine
to o ls, such as jig b o r e r s , cy lin d rica l or surface grin d e rs, engine
lath es, o r m illin g m achines in the construction o f m ach ine-sh op to o ls,
gauges, jig s , fix tu res, or d ie s . W ork involves m ost o f the follow ing:
Planning and p erform in g difficu lt machining operations; p ro ce ssin g
item s requ irin g com p lica ted setups or a high degree o f a ccu ra cy ;
using a v a riety o f p re c is io n m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feed s,
speed s, toolin g and op era tion sequence; making n e ce s s a r y adjust­
m ents during operation to ach ieve requisite toleran ces or dim en sion s.
May be re q u ired to re co g n ize when tools need dressin g, to d re ss to o ls,
and to s e le ct p rop er coolan ts and cutting and lubricating o ils .
F or
c r o s s -in d u s tr y wage study p u rp oses, m ach in e-tool o p era tors, to o lro o m ,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ss ifica tio n .

R epairs m ach inery or m echan ical equipment of an establish ­
m ent.
W ork involves m ost o f the follow ing: Examining machines
and m echan ical equipment to diagnose sou rce o f trouble; dismantling
or partly dism antling m achines and p erform in g rep a irs that mainly
involve the use o f handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or d efective parts with item s obtained fro m stock; ordering the
production o f a replacem en t part by a m achine shop or sending of
the m achine to a m achine shop fo r m a jor re p a irs; preparing written
sp ecifica tion s fo r m a jor rep a irs o r for the production of parts ord ered
from m achine shop; rea ssem blin g m achines; and making all n ecessa ry
adjustm ents for operation .
In gen eral, the w ork o f a maintenance
m echanic req u ires rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired
through a form a l apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experien ce.
E xcluded fro m this cla ss ifica tio n are w ork ers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up o r adjusting m ach in es.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
P r o d u ce s rep lacem en t parts and new parts in making rep a irs
o f m etal parts o f m echan ical equipment operated in an establishm ent.
W ork involves m ost o f the follow ing: Interpreting written in stru c­
tions and sp e cifica tio n s; planning and laying out o f w ork; using a v a ­
rie ty o f m a ch in ist’ s handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents;
setting up and op erating standard machine tools; shaping o f m etal
parts to c lo s e to le ra n ce s ; making standard shop com putations r e la t­
ing to dim ensions o f w ork, toolin g, feeds and speeds o f machining;
knowledge o f the w orking p rop erties of the com m on m etals; selecting
standard m a te ria ls, p a rts, and equipment requ ired for his w ork; fitting
and assem b lin g parts into m echanical equipment. In gen eral, the
m a ch in ist’ s w ork n orm a lly req u ires a rounded training in m ach ineshop p ra ctice usually a cq u ired through a form a l apprenticeship or
equivalent training and ex p e rie n ce .

Installs new m achines or heavy equipment and dism antles and
installs m achines o r heavy equipment when changes in the plant la y ­
out are re q u ire d . W ork involves m ost o f the follow in g; Planning and
laying out o f the w ork; interpreting blueprints or other specification s;
using a v a riety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop co m ­
putations relating to s tr e s s e s , strength o f m a teria ls, and centers o f
gravity; alining and balancing o f equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipm ent, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
o rd e r pow er tra n sm ission equipment such as d rives and speed r e ­
d u ce rs. In gen eral, the m illw righ t’ s w ork n orm ally req u ires a rounded
training and exp erien ce in the trade acquired through a form al appren­
ticesh ip o r equivalent training and ex p e rie n ce .
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOM OTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R ep a irs a u tom obiles, b u s e s , m otortru cks, and tr a c to rs o f
an establish m en t.
W ork involves m ost of the follow in g: Examining
autom otive equipment to diagnose sou rce o f trouble; disassem bling
equipment and p erform in g re p a irs that involve the use o f such handto o ls as w ren ch es, gau ges, d r ills , or sp ecia lized equipment in d is ­
assem blin g or fitting p arts; replacin g broken or defective parts fro m
stock; grinding and adjusting v a lv es; reassem blin g and installing the
variou s a ss e m b lie s in the veh icle and making n ece ssa ry adjustm ents;
alining w h eels, adjusting b ra k es and lights, or tightening to d y b o lts.
In gen eral, the w ork o f the autom otive m echanic re q u ires rounded
training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a form al a pp ren tice­
ship o r equivalent training and exp erien ce.



L u b rica tes, with oil or g r e a s e , the moving parts or wearing
su rfaces o f m echanical equipment o f an establishm ent.
PA IN TE R , MAINTENANCE
Paints and re d e co ra te s w a lls, w oodw ork, and fixtures of an
establish m en t.
W ork involves the follow ing: Knowledge o f surface
p e cu lia rities and types o f paint req u ired for different applications;
preparing su rface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing
putty or fille r in nail h oles and in te rs tice s ; applying paint with spray
gun or b ru sh .
May m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain p rop er c o lo r or con sisten cy .
In general, the
w ork o f the maintenance painter re q u ire s rounded training and e x ­
p erien ce usually acqu ired through a form a l apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and e x p erien ce.

22

PIPE FIT TE R , MAINTENANCE

SHEET-MET^AL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or rep a irs w ater, steam , gas, o r other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the f o l ­
lowing: Laying out of w ork and m easu rin g to locate p osition o f pipe
from drawings or other w ritten sp ecifica tion s; cutting various sizes
of pipe to c o r r e c t lengths with ch isel and ham m er or oxyacetylene
torch o r pipe-cu tting m achine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or p ow er-d riv en m ach ines; assem blin g
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop com putations relating to p r e s s u r e s , flow , and siz e of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determ ine whether finished pipes m eet
sp ecifica tion s.
In gen eral, the w ork of the maintenance pipefitter
requ ires rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a
form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and exp erien ce. W orkers
rim a rily engaged in installing and repairin g building sanitation or
eating system s a re excluded.

and laying out a ll types of sh e e t-m e ta l m aintenance w ork fro m b lu e ­
p rin ts, m od els, or other s p e cifica tio n s ; setting up and operating a il
available types of sh eet-m etal-w ork in g m ach ines; using a va rie ty of
handtools in cutting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fitting, and a s s e m ­
bling; installing sh eet-m etal a rticle s as req u ired .
In gen eral, the
w ork of the maintenance sh eet-m eta l w o rk e r req u ires rounded training
and experien ce usually a cq u ired through a fo rm a l a ppren ticesh ip or
equivalent training and exp e rie n ce .

PLUM BER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good o rd e r.
W ork involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m b e r’ s snake.
In general, the w ork of the m aintenance plum ber req u ires rounded
training and exp erien ce-u su a lly acqu ired through a fo rm a l a pp ren tice­
ship or equivalent training and exp erien ce.
SH EE T-M ETA L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b rica tes, in sta lls, and maintains in good rep a ir the sh eetm etal equipment and fixtu res (such as m achine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lo c k e r s , tanks, ven tila tors, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing)
o f an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow in g: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diem aker; jig m aker; toolm ak er;

T ransports p assen g ers between flo o r s of an o ffice building,
apartment house, departm ent s to re , hotel or sim ila r establishm ent.
W orkers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those o f starters and jan itors a re excluded.
GUARD
P e r fo r m s routine p o lice duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining o rd e r , using arm s or fo r c e where n e ce s s a r y . In­
cludes gatemen who a re stationed at gate and ch eck on identity of
em ployees and other p erson s entering.

fixtu re m a k er; gauge m a k er)

Constructs and rep a irs m a ch in e-sh op to o ls, gauges, jig s , f ix ­
tures o r dies fo r forgin gs, punching and other m e ta l-fo rm in g w ork .
W ork involves m ost of the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of w ork
from m od els, blueprints, d ra w in gs, o r other o ra l and w ritten s p e c ifi­
cation s; using a variety of tool and die m a k e r ’ s handtools and p r e c is io n
m easuring instrum ents; understanding of the w orking p ro p e rtie s of
com m on metals and alloys; setting up and operating of m achine tools
and related equipment; making n e ce s s a r y shop com putations relating
to dim ensions of w ork, speed s, fe e d s , and tooling of m ach ines; h eattreating of m etal parts during fa b rica tio n as w ell as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required q u alities; w orking to c lo s e to le ra n ce s;
fitting anil assem bling of parts to p r e s c r ib e d tole ra n ce s and a llo w ­
a n ces; selecting appropriate m a te ria ls , to o ls, and p r o c e s s e s .
In
gen eral, the tool and die m a k e r's w ork req u ires a rounded training
in m achine-shop and toolroom p r a c tic e usually acquired through a
fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x p e rie n ce .
F or cro s s-in d u stry wage study p u r p o s e s , tool and die m akers
in tool and die jobbing shops a re excluded from this cla s s ifica tio n .

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

^oyement

JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; ja n itre ss)
Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r ly condition fa c to ry w orking
a rea s and w ash room s, or p re m ise s o f an o ffic e , apartm ent house,
o r co m m e rcia l or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination
o f the follow ing: Sweeping, m opping o r scru bbin g, and polishing flo o r s ;
rem ovin g chips, trash, and other re fu se ; dusting equipment, furniture,
o r fixtu res; polishing m etal fixtu res o r trim m in gs; providin g supplies
and, m inor maintenance s e r v ic e s ; cleaning la v a to rie s, sh ow ers, and
re s tr o o m s . W orkers who s p e cia liz e in window washing a re excluded.

23

LABORER, M A T E R IA L HANDLING
(L oader and unloader;
S to c k m a n

or

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LE R K - Continued

handler and stacker;

s t o c k h e lp e r ;

w areh ou sem an

sh elver;

or w arehou se

tru ck er;
h e lp e r )

A w ork er em ployed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant,
s to re , o r other establishm ent whose duties involve one o r m o re of
the follow in g: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m e rch a n ­
d ise on or fro m freigh t c a r s , tru ck s, or other transporting d e v ice s;
unpacking, sh elvin g, o r p la cin g m aterials or m erch an dise in p ro p e r
stora ge loca tion ; tran sportin g m a terials or m erchandise by hand truck,
c a r , or w h eelba rrow . Lon gsh orem en , who load and unload ships a re
exclu ded.

other r e c o r d s ; checking fo r shortages and rejectin g damaged goods;
routing m erch an d ise o r m aterials to p ro p e r departm ents; maintaining
n e ce s s a r y re c o rd s and f ile s .
F o r wage study p u rp ose s, w ork ers a re cla ss ifie d as follow s:
R eceivin g cle rk
Shipping c le rk
Shipping and~~receiving c le r k
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER F IL L E R
(O rder p ic k e r ; stock s e le c to r ; warehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping o r tra n sfer ord ers fo r finished goods from
sto re d m erch an d ise in a cco rd a n ce with specification s on sales s lip s,
c u s to m e r s ' orders^ o r oth er instructipns. May, in addition to fillin g
o rd e r s and indicating item s fille d or omitted, keep re c o rd s o f out­
going o r d e r s , req u isition additional stock, or rep ort short supplies
to su p e r v is o r , and p e rfo rm other related duties.

D rives a truck within a city o r industrial area to . transport
m a te ria ls , m erch an d ise, equipment, or m en between various types of
establishm ents such as: M anufacturing plants, freigh t depots, w a re ­
h ou ses, w h olesale and retail establish m en ts, or between retail estab­
lishm ents and c u s to m e r s ' houses o r p la ce s of bu sin ess.
May a lso
load o r unload truck with o r without h e lp e rs, make m in or m echanical
r e p a ir s , and keep truck in good w orking o rd e r . D r iv e r-sa le s m e n and
o v e r -th e -r o a d d riv e rs a re excluded.
F o r wage study p u r p o se s , tru ck d riv ers are cla ssifie d by size
and type of equipment, as follow s:
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated
on the basis of tra ile r capacity. )

PA C K E R , SHIPPING
P r e p a re s fin ish ed produ cts fo r shipment or stora ge by placing
them in shipping con ta in ers, the s p e c ific operations p e rfo rm e d being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type of con tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. W ork req u ires
the placin g of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items o f stock in o rd e r
to v e r ify content; se le ctio n of appropriate type and siz e of container;
insertin g en closu res in con tainer; using e x ce ls io r or other m a terial to
p reven t breakage o r dam age; closin g and sealing container; applying
lab els o r entering identifying data on container.
P a ck ers who a lso
m ake w ooden boxes o r cra tes a re excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erch an d ise fo r shipment, or re ce iv e s and is r e ­
spon sible fo r in com in g shipment of m erchandise or other m a te ria ls.
Shipping w ork in v o lv e s ; A knowledge of shipping p ro ce d u re s , p r a c ­
tices^ rou tes, available m eans of transportation and rates; and p r e ­
paring re c o r d s o f the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, p o s t­
ing weight and shipping ch a rg e s, and keeping a file of shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ire ct o r a s s is t in prep arin g the m erchandise fo r shipm ent.
R eceivin g w ork in v o lv e s : V erifyin g or directing others in verifyin g
the co r re c tn e s s o f shipm ents against b ills of lading, in v o ice s, or




T ru ck d river (com bination of size s listed separately)
T ru ck d riv e r, light (under IV2 tons)
T ru ck d riv e r, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
T ru ck d riv e r, heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r typtT)
T ru ck d riv e r, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually con trolled g a so lin e - o r e le ctric-p o w e re d
truck o r tra cto r to transport goods and m a terials of all kinds about
a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, o r other establishm ent.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, w ork ers a re cla ss ifie d by type of
truck, as fo llo w s:
T ru ck e r, pow er (forklift)
T ru ck e r, pow er (other than fo rk lift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of p re m ise s p e rio d ica lly in protectin g prop erty
against fir e , theft, and ille g a l entry.

it U. S . GOVERNMENT

PRINTING OFFICE : 1956 O —

376711


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102