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O c c u p a tio n a l W age

S urvey

M IL W A U K E E , W IS C O N S IN
APRIL 1 9 5 9

B u lle tin

N o .

1 2 4 0 -1 6

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commisiionfr




Occupational Wage Survey
M IL W A U K E E , W IS C O N S IN




APRIL 1959

B u lle t in

N o . 1 2 4 0 -1 6
June 1959

U N ITE D

STATES D E P A R TM E N T O F

LABOR

Jam es P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Cl ague, Commissioner

F or s a l e b y t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n 2 5 , D , C .

-

P r ic e 2 0 c e n t s

T h e L ib r a r y o f C o n g re s s h a s c a t a lo g e d the series
in w h ic h this p u b lic a tio n a p p e a rs as fo llo w s :

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Bulletin, no. 1Kov. 1895Washington.




no. in

v. 23-26 cm
.

y. illus. 16-28 cm
.

Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

Library of Congress

331.06173
(r58t2j

Nov. 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. [2. Employee bene­
fit®
!
i. Title.'
(Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

HD8051.A62

T h e L ib r a r y of C o n gress h a s c a t a lo g e d this
p u b lic a tio n as fo llo w s :

15-23307 rev*t

HD4973.A462

331.2973

U. S. Dept of Labor.
for Library of Congress

Library
(57r52nljt

L 49—125*

Contents

Preface

Page
Introduction ____________________ _______________ __ ___________ __ ____
Wage trends for selected occupational grou p s______________ —____

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied.
This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated analytical
bulletin,summarizing the results of all of the year's surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods ----------------

This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional
office in Chicago, 111. , by Woodrow C. Linn, under the di­
rection of George E. Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial
Relations Analyst.

Appendix: Occupational descriptions —




A: Occupational earnings:*
A - l . Office occupations ------------------------------- , -------------A -2 . Professional and technical occupations
A - 3. Maintenance and power plant occupations ---------A -4 . Custodial and material movement occupations ..
..................................

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the Milwaukee area reports for March 1952, April 1953
and 1954, November 1955, April 1957, and May 1958.
The 1957
report was limited to occupational earnings of plant workers in
manufacturing establishments. Most of the other reports included
data on shift differential provisions; minimum entrance rates for
women office workers; scheduled weekly hours;>paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans. The 1954
report (BLS Bull. 1157-3) also provides a tabulation of the rate
of pay for holiday work.
Both the 1954 and 1958 reports pro­
vide data on overtime pay practices, wage structure characteris­
tics, and labor-management agreements. A directory indicating
date of study and the price of the reports, as well as reports for
other major areas, is available upon request.
A current report on occupational earnings and supple­
mentary wage practices is also available for auto dealer repair
shops in the Milwaukee area (June 1958).
A report on occupa­
tional earnings is also available for machinery industries (March
1959).
Data for supplementary wage practices were included in
the machinery industries report of March 1958.
Union scales,
indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following
trades or industries: Building construction, printing, localtransit operating employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

in

1
2
1
2

(O in > O N

The Community Wage Survey Program

9




Occupational Wage Survey~-Milwaukee, Wis.
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U, S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an area basis.

based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field agents in the last previous survey for occu­
pations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of oc­
cupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) main­
tenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions; Manufacturing; transpor­
tation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries,
establishments having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 Wher­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates

* See table below for minimum-size establishment covered.
T A B I 4 1.
E

Occupations and Earnings

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope, of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of Occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Establishm ents and w grk ers within scope of survey and number studied in Milwaukee, W is .,1 by m ajor industry d iv ision ,* A p ril 1959
Number of establishm ents

Industry- division

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope
of study

Within scope
o f study*

Studied

— .-------- ------------------

T9 2

176

240,100

153,310

Manufacturing ............... ................. .— .— — . . . . . . — . . . . . ----------- -----Nonmanufacturing --------— — ..............— ----------------------------— ------— ,
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d * ), com m unication,
and other public utilities4
—
—_
W holesale tr a d e ' _
R etail tr a d e ' —- — ■ .— ----------- -------— -- ------------ -------—---------------- r
—
Finance, insurance, and real estate9
—
S e r v ic e * 9 *4
. „
— „------

408
384

89
87

168,500
71,600

111,340
41,970

48
75
134
58
69

17
17
25
14
14

17,300
8,000
27,300
9,700
9,300

14,340
2,870
17,150
5,190
2,420

A ll division*

— — --------------------------- --— m

^

Studied

1 Th9 M ilwaukee M etropolitan A **a (Milwaukee and Waukesha Counties), The ’ ’w ork ers within scope o f study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate d escrip tion o f the siae
and com position o f the labor fo rc e included in the survey,
The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a basis o f com parison with other area em ploym ent indexes to m easure em ploym ent
trends or le v e ls since ( 1) planning o f wage surveys requ ires the u#e o f establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance o f the pay period studied and ( 2 sm all establishm ents a re excluded fro m the
)
Scope of the survey.
The 19
57 r e v ise d edition o f the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual wa* used in classifyin g establishm ents by industry division. M ajor changes fro m the ea rlier edition used in previous
purveys a re |he transfer o f m ilk pasteurization plants and ready m ixed con crete establishm ents from trade (w holesale or retail) to m anufacturing, and the transfer o f radio and television broadcasting
from s e r v ic e s to the transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities division.
* Includes all establishm ents wi|h total em ploym ent at or above the m im noum -sipe lim itation (51 e m ployees),
A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto
repair s e r v ic e , and m otion -pictu re theaters a re con sidered as 1 establishment*
4 A ls o exclu des taxicabs, and s e r v ic e s incidental to water transparbSlipn*
* This industry division is represented in estim ates for all industries and nonmanufacturing in the S eries A tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
* H otels; perponal s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile repair shops; m otion pictu res; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and a rch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .

*




2
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earning8 , excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are' based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class A and B; Comptometer operators; clerks, file,
class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; key-punch operators;
office girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial nurses. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were
included in the plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians;
machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; millwrights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-metal workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled—
janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, material handling; and
watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job. These weighted earnings for individual

TA B LE 2.

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for >each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index ( 1 00 ) to
get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (1) general
salary and wage changes; (2 ) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1958 for workers in 17 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1224-20, Wages and Related
Benefits, 19 Labor Markets, Winter 1957-58.

Ind exes o£ stan d ard w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t -t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n a l grou p s in
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r i l 1959 and M a y 1 9 5 8 , and p e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e rio d s'
in d e x es
(A p r il 1953 = 100)

In d u stry and o cc u p ation al group
A p r i l 1959

M a y 1958

P e r c :ent i n c r e a s e s fro »m—
M a y 195 8
to
A p r i l 1959

A p r il 1 9 5 4
N o v e m b e r 195 5
to
to
M a y 195 8
N o v e m b e r 195 5

A p r il 1953
to
A p r il 1 954

M a r c h 1952
to
A p r i l 1953

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ----- -------- ----------------------------- -------- ------In d u stria l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) -------------- ----------------------------------------S k ille d m a in ten a n ce ( m e n ) ------------ —---------- ------ ----------- ---------U n sk ille d plant (m en ) — -------------------------- ---------- --------------. . . . . .

128. 7
137. 0
1 3 3 .2
1 3 1 .2

125. 1
1 3 1 .5
1 2 8 .2
126. 3

2 .9
4 .2
3 .9
3 .8

1 3 .6
1 4 .4
1 3 .5
1 3 .7

5 .3
9 .0
6. 7
6 .2

4 .5
5 .5
5 .9
4 .6

6 .5
5 .8
7 .4
9 .9

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ----------------------- ----------- ----- ------------------I n d u str ia l n u r s e s (w om en ) — ----------------------------- — -------- — —
S k ille d m a in ten a n ce ( m e n ) -------------------------------- — ------------------U n sk ille d p lan t ( m e n ) ----------------------------------------- —------—-------- —

1 3 2 .0
1 3 7 .0
1 3 4 .2
1 3 1 .6

1 2 7 .2
1 3 1 .5
1 2 8 .9
127. 5

3 .8
4 .2
4 .2
3 .2

1 3 .0
1 4 .4
1 3 .4
1 2 .3

6 .7
9 .0
6 .9
7 .4

5 .5
5 .5
6 .3
5 .8

6 .8
6 .7
6 .8
1 0 .4




A*

O c c u p a t io n a l

E a r n in g s

Table A-1. Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis. , April 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

S
$
$
$
$
W
eekly.
W
eekly . Under 40.00 45. 00 50. 00 55.00 60.00
hours
earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) 40.00 under
45. 00 50. 00 55.00 60. 00 65.00

1
$
65.00 70.00
70. 00 75.00

s
75.00
80.00

S
80.00
85.00

t
85.00
90- oo

$
$
$
$
S
$
8
9 0 .0 0
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
and
pver
95. Ofl 1QQ.QQ ■lQ£i-QQ. 110.00 115.00 120.00

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A ---Manufacturing---------------------Nonmanufacturing---- -----------Public utilities * ----- -------

422
297
125
40

40 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

$
103.50
105.50
9 9 .0 0
106.50

“

“

“

“

-

.
-

“

-

9
7
2
“

27
7
20
-

17
lo
7
1

41
25
16
3

38
.. 3T
5
3

100
52
48
18

60
5U
10
4

75
70
5
5

28
22
6
2

Clerks, accounting, class B —
Manufacturing ------------- ---- —

185
154

39 .5
39. 5

80.00
83. 50

■

"

2
■

12

6
3

12
10

14
14

22
14

3
2

39
39

28
26

27
27

6
6

8
6

5
4

1

-

"

Clerks, order — --------------- ------Manufacturing------- — ---- —
---Nonmanufacturing------ ------ —

236
l3 o
106

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

88.00
90. Od
85.00

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

16
4
12

20

14
6
8

42
12
30

20
. .. _14

8

6

45
29
16

49
37
12

25
13
12

2
2
-

1
1"
-

-

-

Office boys -----------------------------M anufacturing--------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------

195
133"
62

39 .5
59. 50
40. 0 “ 59 .5 0
3 9.5
59. 50

-

2

8

53
43
10

27
22
5

17

5

28
18
10

27
3
24

9
7
2

5
5
-

5
5
-

16
16
-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

Tabulating-machine operators M anufacturing--------------------Nonm anufacturing---- — -------

223
156
67

3 9 .5
4 0 .6
39.0

~

”

1
1

5
2
3

2
2
“

16
10
6

18
4
14

18
12
6

22
15
7

19
12
7

36
28
8

26
17
9

30
28
2

19
15
4

6
6

2

3
3

82. 50

*

2

9 2 . 5o

B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h in e )-------- —M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------- --—
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------

157
54
103

39 .5
40. 0
39.5

59.00
63. 50
56. 50

.
-

4
2
2

9
9

45

44

15
13
2

19
7
12

2
2
-

.
-

2
-

-

.
-

.
-

33

17
7
10

-

35

.
-

.
-

.
-

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------

81
75

40 .0
40. 0

61.50
61.5 0

"

"

“

15
15

3
3

45
4'2

10
10

7
4

1
1

"

"

■■

■

“

"

"

“

B ookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs, cla ss A
M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------

130
84

40. 0
39 .5

74.00
79. 00

-

-

_
-

3
1

17
5

11
5

25
9

9
8

24
17

11
9

2 "
0

20

4
4

3
3

1

1

2
2

"

-

-

Bookkeeping-m ach ine op e ra to rs, cla ss B
M anufacturing ------- ------------------------------N onm anufacturing---------------------------------

374
125
249

39 .5
39.5
39 .5

61.50
65. 50
60.00

-

“

38

62
8
54

130
56
74

27
14
13

37 *
23
14

15

2
2

-

2
2
-

“

-

*

-

13

15
8
7

-

36

46
10
36

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss A ------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------

306
176
130

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5

83.00
85. 00
80.00

-

-

-

-

-

30
9
21

13
4
9

23
11
12

35
24
11

109
65
44

27
16
11

19
13
6

30
22
8

15
7
8

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

3
3
-

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss B -------------------M anufacturing ------------------- -----------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------—
P ublic utilities * — --------- ------- — -—

936
' T40
596
115

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
4 0 .0

6 4 .5 0
69-00
62.00
70. 5.0

6
6
-

13
13
-

84
7 '
77
7

82
28
54
3

I ll
24
87
5

212
84
128
5

132
36
96
32

104
65
39
15

100
29
71
41

59
36
23
5

22

5
5
-

1

2
2

3
3
-

2
2
-

-

-

C lerk s, file , cla ss A ------------------------------M an u factu rin g....... ... - - —............—..— —

114
75

66.00
3 9.5
39. 5 “ 69. 50'

"

-

5
“

6
1

21
8

31
24

11
6

13
JO

14
14

11

1
1

.
■

“

“

“

C le rk s , file , cla ss B ------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ---- — --------- ----------------Nonm anufacturing —---- ---- -------------------P u blic utilities *
-------

795
322
473
60

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
4 0 .0

56.00
64. 50
49.50
55.50

10
10
-

97
i
96
-

210

141
58
83
18

118

36

50
14

28
2

72
54
18
11

28
ZB
-

68
6b
-

13
13
-

2
Z
-

.
-

-

-

•
-

-

C lerk s , ord er ------- —
------- ---- -------------------M anufacturing — — ---------—
—— — -------Nonmanufacturing — - ■■
■

242
4 0 .0
"
140 1 T O "
102
39 .5

6 4.50
6a. do
59.50

.
-

3
Z
1

34
Z
32

27

17

ir

36

5

9
9

3
3

.
•

z

2

.
e
a

5

2
1

4
1

10

15

3

‘

'

‘

'

‘

89. 50

1
2

1
2

W om en

'

See footnote at end of table,




2

2
2

188
15

1 .11
0

30
it

18

6
8

8

23
49
16 ..... 39
7
10

nr

2

1
0

2
....

2
0

4

1

1
-

1

1

"

'

27
' 21..
6
4

-

4

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis., April 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
workers

W
eekly!
W
eekly { Under l o . 00
and
hours
earnings $
(Standard) (Standard) 40. 00 under
45. 00

$
45. 00 *50.00
50.00

55.00

$
55.00 1 0 .0 0
60. 00 65.00

$
$
$
$
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
and
-gYgg,
9fL,QfL. 05. no 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00

*65.00 *70.00 *75. 00 l o . 00 *85. 00
70.00

so. no 85. 00

75.00

90.00

$

W omen— Continued
_
-

4
4
-

15
10
5
4

36
27
9
3

61
41
20
5

124
85
39
6

81
58
23
12

74
64
10
1

74
61
13
10

42
26
16
8

17
14
3
2

23
15
8
3

34
33
1
"

7
5
2
1

1
1
“

2
2
“

-

.
-

63.00
67. 50
60.50

25
25

17
3
14

20
1
19

83
13
70

108
27
81

160
72
88

101

45
56

79
31
48

51
24
27

28
17
11

19
12
7

4
4
"

3
3
-

-

-

-

.
-

-

3 9.5
4o. 0

64.00
68. 50

. -I

1
1

9
2

27
9

33
12

21
19

15
6

3
2

39
39

4
4

~

-

■

-

1
1

“

-

“

637
3'58
279
44

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

65.50
68. 50
61.50
6 4.00

9
9
-

24
8
16
-

74
28
46
2

112
49
63
17

110
42
68
8

70
68
12
7

103
54
49
9

62
41
21
1

46
42
4
~

19
19
-

6
6
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

O ffice g i r l s ----------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------------

182
62
120

39 .0
4o. 0
38 .5

51.00
5?. 50
48. 00

39
5
34

60
12'
48

26
13
13

36
"" 12 ""
24

6
6
-

-

13
13
-

18
18
“

21
21
-

107
26
81
1

189
99
90
-

246
172
74
13

164
124
40
9

115
80
35
2

130
81
49
8

52
42
10
-

-

85.5 0
89. 00
81.00
95 .5 0

1
1
178
115
63
2

-

3 9 .5
4o. 0
39.0
4 0 .0

2
2
145
93
52
-

-

1.519
VII
608
41

7
7
48
17
31
-

5
4
1

S e c r e t a r i e s --------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------------------Pu blic utilities * ------------------ ------— -------- ------------ —

-

21
17
4
2

29
T4
5
3

43
2l
22
1

Stenographers, g e n e r a l ------- -------------- --------------------------M an u factu rin g---------------------------------------- —
------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ----------------------------------------------------

2 ,1 3 7
1,281
856
153

3 9 .5
4o. 0
39 .0
4 0 .0

68.50
71.00
64.00
71.50

_
-

5
4
1
-

82
10
72
1

181
39
142
4

2Q8
102
106
12

373
209
164
17

411
2 74
137
'30

269
199
70
34

226
161
65
29

193
121
72
22

106
91
15
2

44
37
7
1

30
30
-

5
3
2
-

3
1
2
-

1
1
1

-

-

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r s -------------------------- -------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------ ------------ -----------------------

256
72
184

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

63.0 0
78. 00
57. 50

-

7
7

8
8

67
67

54
2
52

21
6
15

35
4
31

16
15
1

19
18
1

10
10

9
7
2

8
8
-

1
1
"

1
1
“

-

_
-

-

-

M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------- —------------- ■
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------

445
243
202

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9.5

6 2.00
65. 50
57.50

-

10
10

33
33

96
31
'6 5

51
30
21

69
51'
18

95
69
26

31
26
5

33
15
18

17
12
5

-

7
7

2
1
1

-

-

1
1
-

.
-

_
“

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------- -----—...........
M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------ ---- —
N onm anufacturing--------------------------------------------------------

142
58
84

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39 .5

73. 50
b . 50
70.50

-

-

-

5
5

3
3

26

20
9
11

17
3
14

38
ii
27

11
10
1

9
4

8
8
-

1
1

1
1
-

3
3
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs, g e n e r a l -----------■.... Manufa ctur i n g ------------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing------------------------------------------ --------------

351
206
145

3 9.5
39 .5
3 9 .5

64.00
65. do
63.50

-

-

24
9
15

38
14
24

57
31
26

89
19

25
17
8

55
37
18

49
17
32

6
3
3

4
4
-

-

3
3
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

698

4 0 .0
40. 0
39. 5
4 0 .0

6 9.50
73. 50
60.00
63 .0 0

_
-

"

20
20
-

55
3
52
-

67
22
45
15

134
98
36
6

79
44
35
18

100
78
22
2

49
45

149
143

28
28
-

15
15
-•

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5
4 0 .0 .
3 9.5
4 0 .0

58.50
6 1 . bo
55.50
55.50

-

38
16
22

217
57
160
18

290
127
163
4

304
174
130
37

224
96
128
13

81
52
29

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, payroll --------------------------------------- — -------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ----------------------------------------------------

595
444
151
55

39.5
40. 0
39 .5
4 0 .0

Com ptom eter o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing--------------------------------------------------------

698
252
446

3 9.0
40. 0
39.0

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(m im eograph or d i t t o ) --------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g--------------------------------------------------------------

153
95

K ey-punch op erators -----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ----------------------------------------------------

T yp ists, cla ss A -----------------------------—--- -------M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------- — -----— ------— ■ — .
Nonmanufacturing — ........ ........................... .
..... ..... T yp ists, cla ss B -------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ......................... .......— ---------------- —
P u blic u tilities * -----------------------------------------------------

4 1b

220
41
1,454
767
687
76

70.00
~7U 7W

68. 50
70. 50

1

1

1

-

18
76

231
" T77 '
54
4

'

4

6

-

-

64
63
1

4

4
-

5

1
1
-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and'the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




'

5
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division , M ilw aukee,. W is. , A p ril 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGBT-TIME WEEKLY EARNING8 OF

Avebaob
Number
of
worker*

0
0

Weekly! W
eekly i Under So.
hours
(Standard) (Standard) 60. 00 under
65.00

8
1
•
1
1
»
a
s
%
1
1
I
*70. 00 *75.00 *80. 00 85. 00 90.0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 *115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00
and
70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 AVB11
in
o
o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Men
Draftsmen, leader
Manufacturing

U 5T

4 0 .0
40. 0

$ .
147.00
146. 00

Draftsmen, senior
Manufacturing -

1.Q61
1,016

4 0 .0
4 o .o

113.00
l l 3 . 00

-

Draftsmen, junior
Manufacturing -

____ 606
564

4 0 .0
4 0 .6

89. 50
89. 00

12
12

253
234

4 0.0
4 0 .0

73.50
73. 50

22
ZO

220
20 1

4 0.0
4 0 .0

87.00
87.00

Tracers
------—
Manufacturing

109

2
z

4
4

56
56

131
131

101
101

178
169

86

70

45
35

4
4

4
4

3
3

"

"

'

"

'

"

_
" <

_
.

3
3

9
4

60
60

17
17

12 •
12

8
8

50
40

70
70

20
13

35
34

59
52

• 61
60

45
44

11
7

7
5

28
27

60
60

_

5
5

16
16

2
2

“

2
Z

127
118

105
101

96
^3

63
58

99
90

112
105

54
51

38
33

16
12

6
4

14
13

“

20
16

7
7

3
3

Women

Nurses, industrial (registered)
M anufacturing-------------------

46
" 43“

24
20 ‘ ■

14
14

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re ce iv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings co rresp on d to these w eekly h ours.

* Workers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 22 at $160 to $170; 11 at $170 to $180; 3 at $180 and over.




2
Z

6
5

9
9

57
17
56 " 17

8
7

15
14

1

24 *36
---- 22“ “ 1 7
!
1
------ r ----- j—

_

_

_

_

.

.

“

“

■

"

"

“

“

6

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earningi for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Milwaukee, W is ., April 1959)

hourly I Under
owning!
1.90

*1 .9 0
and
under
2 .0 0

*2.00
2. 10

Y ao

*2.30

*2.40

*2.50

*2.60

*2. 70

*2.80

* 2 .9 0

*3 .0 0

* 3 .10

2 .3 0

•

O ccupation and industry division

A
vorngo

«•
ro
N
1 •
N
•
—
O
O

NUMBER OV W0RXEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

N ber
um
of
w
arkon

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2. 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3.0 0

3. 10

3.20

I

* 3 .2 0

* 3 .3 0

* 3 .4 0

3.3 0

3.40

3.5 0

-

6
6

4

3.5 0
and
over

$
340
Z37
103

M anufacturing —— — — ——— — — —
— —
— — —

2
Z
-

-

1,169
" 967

N on m anufacturing------------------------------------- ■

2 .7 0
Z. 69
2. 74

4
4

17
17

-

2 .8 9
2. 87

“

"

2.68

24
19
5

69
Z5
44

21
17
4

15
9
6

33
32
1

4
4

31

35
31

113

94
88

154
14Z

210

lU T

-

33
24
9

9
5
1

■

8
8

38
38

34
3Z

zi

56
33
23

40
40

-

3
3
-

145
144

236
Z04

25
ZO

27

*

19
13

“

32

16

8

32

16
“

7

2
Z

1

"

_
-

“

.
-

*

"

“

“

“

i2o

-

4

-

_
*

5
5

-

5

42

10

39

67

Z3

7

Z6

36
26

23

1

ZZ

59

2.44

.
■

10

74

10

4

19

3

13

10

1

8

“

612

2.36

55

26

24

53

43

121

58

71

22

2."3B

3i

13

16

5Z

43

91

50

12
12

15

5Z5

11 2
10 B

10

71

ZZ

“

"

”

“

-

”

“

“

"

46
46

19
19

7

208

6
6

295

ZTT

M anufacturing — ----—

2. 76

2.11

*6 8

13

69

84

93

59

7

13

2 .0 8

67

13

"36

56

60

27

7

1Z

632
2.83
67TT — 2783

.
*

.
"

16
IF '

38

39

43

74

45

99

85

38

39

43'

72

45

99

85

74
7F

47
47

_
■“

.
“

9

13

26

36

12

47

6

19”

36

1Z

37

43

110
8b

64

9

64

152
15Z

112
8

40

120
11

65

2

21

406

ZT5~
M ach in e-tool o p era to rs, t o o lr o o m ------ — — —
M anufacturing — — — — — — — —
— — —

722

2.99

678

3.01

487
..... 133
354
291

2.65

_
-

6

Z. 7Z

2.62
2.65

-

6

12
i2

"

"
26
Z6

18
18

901
BUT"

—
—

2.72
2.71

.
■

445

ir r

2.71
"zm

"

379

2.42

--------4

rrr

2742

11
11

-

-

34
34

8
62
---------T ------ET* —

—

5
22
90
15
r r --------5“ ------- 22 " ------W T

83
16
67
50

17

39

44
42

1
1

ii
u
■

122

150

119

150

50
io

104
78

23

109

20

100

154

75

61

153

69

59

1

19

“

40

_

v r

■

48
37

-

11

3

*

_
■

1

_

26
14

25
z5
"

20

12

16

■

36
36

76

12

Zl

76

12

14
14

26
26

5
5

19
19

97
97

243
24T

300
300

307
307

ll

79
79

6

6

36

1

15

4

15

i

14

4

9

1

“

6

366
345

2.82
2.81

.
"

7

43

20

6

40

57
44

38
34

133
124

1

.

1

z .? i

1

•

i

12
8

4
4

23
18

28
28

1.694

3.16
3.16

.

.

.

22
21

82
... 81

36
36

87
87

"

56
56

1,092

20

i?
14
5

12

■

,

13
13

41 __
4r

Z. 77

20

174
171"

25

42
38

2.80

2.78

7

_
"'

“

25

63
6T

58

212

ztjit

.
-

44
28
104
65
35
34
6
19
r r ------35” -------3 T ----- 2 7 ” ------ I T ----- 99” -------- 5- ----- ST” —

' 154

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* Workers were distributed as follows: 9 at $1.40 to $1.50; 18 at $1.50 to $1.60; 20 at $1.70 to $1.80; 21 at $1.80 to $1.90.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




.

...

15
jj

21

""

"
7
1
6

1

223

256

ZZ3 ,

Z56

41
' 41 ...

7

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Milwaukee, W is., April 1959)

Occupation1 and industry division

I
Atoms s
h rijr
ou
1.00 1.10
•arnlnp1 and
under

N ber
um
*k
sra

I
s
1.2U 1.30

I
1.40

1.30

•
1.50

N BER OP W
UM
ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM H U
E O RLY EARNINGS OFS
t
t
1
1
I
S
S
I
2.10 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50
2 .0 0
1.70 1.80 1 . 9 0
1.60

1.60 -I jJ.Q 1.80
...

1.90

S
2.60

S
2.70

2.00

Elevator operators, passenger (women) _______
Nonmanufacturing______________ —
_________

.15

U

$
1.13
1.13

Guards
.......... . ........ m M . , inn
......
M anufacturing--------------------------------------------

553
629

2.08
2.16

_
-

_
-

.
-

16
16

37
23

6
2

3
“

47
47

13
13

1.88
1 .5 1
1.57

12
.
12

47
i3
32

99
V
93

51
2o
31

64
26

38

154
64
90

121
56
65

113
90
23

217
157
60

1.36

97
"14

149

291
27

199

76
27

25
18

18
"14

30
"36

65
1

16
1

160

l! 34

7

36

74

4.428
3,263
1,165
484

2.18
2. 17
2.21
2.47

89
_
89
-

87

75

Order fillers
—
_
_ _
M anufacturing------ ----- ----- ---- -------- -----------Nonmanufacturing____ _
.. _ _

1,334
456
854

2.14
12
n w — rr
2.22
-

Packers, shipping (m en )______________________
Manufacturing —
— _________
Nonmanufacturing

845
722

t

s
3.00
3.10

S
3.10
and
over

43

Laborers, material handling _
_
_ _ _
_
Manufacturing
_
_
_
Nonmanufac t u r in g __
Public utilities * _______________ ______

2.90
3 .0 0

$
2.80

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (m en). — __
Manufacturing ___________ ________________
Nonmanufacturing ___
_
_
__

2,119
1, 590
529

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (w om en)---------

1,026
" 315—

Public utilities * _______________________

123

Packers, shipping (women)
______
__
244
Manufacturing ______________ _____________ — TF5
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------59

'

“

2.13
2.14
2.05

1.71
— 1779”
1.48

5 39
39

33
33

16
i3

2
2

2
2

3
3

2.22
2.22
2.22

Shipping c l e r k s ------------ ---- -------------------- ---- ----Manufac tur ing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______________ _ _
_
Nonmanufacturing__________________ —
_____

357
n7
120

2.18

.
-

Shipping and receiving clerks -------------------------__
Manufacturing
. _

IT*
ri7

2.33
— n r

3.104
w r
2,551
1, 704

2.51
2.56
2.56
2.66

487
149

2.41
2.10

?ii

2.34
2.34
2.35
2.63

Public, utilities *
Truckdrivers, light (under l 1 to n s )___
/*

Public utilities

*

.

See footnotes at end of table




62
44
18
-

264
6
-

210

15
48
44
4

10
“6

16
6

4

10

_
.
“

10
1T
S
-

35
34

43

1

43
-

24
24
-

19

17

4
4

8
. 4
4

15
-

9
4
5

12
10
35
6 ~ n r- —r r
4
_
13
_
.
_.
13
-

35
35

61
6l

2
2

4
4

_
"

.
-

.
-

.
-

357
339
18

202
1'92

22
12
10

3
1
2

1
1
-

_
*

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

184
14

483
"375
108
9

314
261
113
-

248
4?
203
. 170

199
It
183
183

468
468
-

_
-

_
_
-

144
167
37

198
46
152

294
294

44
5
39

12
9
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
- _
-

_
-

47
31
16

15
3
12

67
54
13

22
22
-

2
2
“

2
2
-

_
.
-

2
2
-

16
16
-

34
48
i7 ' 45
17
3

44
22
22

46
40
6

45
4
41

30
2
28

3
3
-

.
.
-

.
-

15
’15
-

1
.
1

224

432

21

24

17

52
52

7

459
34r
113
84

367
327
40
-

92
121 132
16 -----37" 1 3?
82
84
95

150
113
37

117
95“
22
2

7GT 468

314

IW

34
22

65
64
1

77
2?
52

7

21
rr

5

4

37
36
1

7
4
3

12
4
8

14
1
13

38
if
21

z -------T

-

142
142

*
.
-

“

102
99

146
136
16
7
4 ^
3

10

i

749
565

63 209
63 ”269"
33

18

4

_
-

26
.
26

4
4
-

7
7
-

1
.
1

17
15'
2

32
' 27
5

35
3T '
4

30
30
-

43 .... 44
yi
36
7
13

16
ii

20

3

36
" 5
28

, 23
1 13
10

_
-

.
_
*

.
■

1
1

9

8

_
“

.
-

13
-

-

30
19"

16
16

35
29

10

-

28
'24

13
2

12
rr

5
5

9
.
9

27
.
27

19

45

m

60
48
12

98 _291
53
59
45 232

584
278

1594
56
1536
1395

4

4

139
111
21

27

_

22
^2
.

667

45

2
.
2

22

19

16
ll
5

-

“

-

-

-

11"

"

4
“

i6

12
12

69
69

7
2

62
246
■'5 ■
3

-

9

27
.
27

18
.
18

45
.
45

•

.
.
.

.
.
.

12
12

33

_

29

66
49
17

40
35
5
5

1

9

1
2

ll

18
"IT "
.

27

1
0

.

33
36 ..
3

62
56"
6
1

4
1

-

t t

1
r
_
_
-

.
-

Truckdrivers, medium (1% to and
330
581
313

161

I T ' — 57“ 146

4

8
-

4

-

_

17
.
17

16
— nr

7

24 -----r 6
31
— rr
24
13
-

10

7

372
lira
182

2.29

10

7

Receiving c l e r k s _____________________________
Manufacturing
_ _ ___
_ _
_____
_______ __
Nonmanufacturing

2.25

i

50
35
50 h 35“

5

4

50
23

'

32
24
8
4

2

2
1

173

42

131
21

£3

151
74
77
45

287

47'

240
237

£7

.

.
.

.

4

14
14

.-

-

_
.

_
.
.

.
.

.

8

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis. , April 1959)

Occupation1 and industry division

S
8
t
t
t
<
1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50

O
f
wres
okr

uncler
1.10 1.20

—

—
T ruckdrivers: Continued
4—
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type)---------- — — -- — -------Manufacturing
__
Nonmanufacturing___
'iV l f
Pit i *
*

Truckers, power (other than forklift) _
Manufacturing -----_
_

1.40

1.50

1.60

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

11
11
-

12
2
10

3
3
-

4
4.

2
2

-

-

13
2

4
4

2
2

1
-

44
44

115
1 ire

6

6

7

6

6"

1

70
70 1

51
5l

153
133
20

164
148
16

11

70
55
28 — re42

185

19
19

23
23

10
lo

933
50
883
661

$
2.64
2. £o
2.65
2. 68

-

.
-

-

.
-

284
272

2.51
3.53

-

-

-

-

-

2.33
2.52
2.40

9
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
18

9

433

444

2.29
2.28

-

*

-

-

532
Iff?

1.63
1.89

7

138

27
— nr

45
2l

—

Truckers, power (forklift) __
Manufacturing__ _
Nftnmatinfarfiir n
i

Watchmen
Manufacturing

1.30

834
" 736 '
98

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type) —
__
Nonmanuf acturing

_

-

.

31 137
31 " 157

9

34

-

15
l5

4

-

1 Data limited to men workers, except where otherwise indicated.
a Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* Includes 11 workers at less than $1.
4
Includes all drivers regardless of sise and type of truck operated.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




NUMBER OF W0RKER8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNING8 OF—
s
t
s
$
$
t
S
$
S
1
S
f
$
%
$
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10
and
1.70 1.80 1.90
2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60
2.80
3.00

1.60

4

34

9
9

l

54
46

68
64

32
32

6
6

35
28

31
1 1"
—

90
90

174

41
3T

22
22

47
— ?r

155
731
" T ' --- IT
720
149
1
660

17
6

_

22
99

_

13
13
-

4
.
4

_
_
.

_
_
.

.
_
_

.
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
_

24
24

_

24
2 T “*

-

16
8
16 ----S’

-

-

-

_

.

9

A p p e n d ix : Occupational Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s cr ip tio n s fo r the B u rea u 's w age su rv ey s is to
a s s is t its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te occu p a tion s w o r k e r s w ho a r e em p loy ed under
a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll titles and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n g em en ts fr o m esta b lish m en t to esta b lish m en t
and fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
This is e ss e n tia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the grou pin g o f o ccu p a tion a l w age
ra tes re p re s e n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b con ten t.
B eca u se o f this em p h a sis on in teresta b lish m en t and
in te ra re a c o m p a ra b ility o f occu p a tion a l content, the B u rea u 's jo b d e s cr ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ifi­
can tly fr o m th ose in u se in in dividual esta b lish m en ts o r th ose p r e p a r e d fo r oth er p u r p o s e s .
In
applying th ese jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld re p re s e n ta tiv e s a r e in stru cted to ex clu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p re n tice s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e rs, tr a in e e s , h andicapped w o r k e r s , p a r t -t im e ,
te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

O ff ic e
B IL L E R , M ACHINE
P r e p a r e s sta tem en ts, b ills , and in v o ice s on a m a ch in e oth er
than an o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r . M ay a ls o keep r e c o r d s
as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c le r i c a l w o rk in ­
cid en ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i lle r s ,
m a ch in e, a r e c la s s ifie d by type o f m a ch in e, as fo llo w s :
B ille r , m a ch in e (billin g m a ch in e )-^ -U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g
m a ch in e (M oon H opkins, t U io t t F is h e r , B u rrou g h s, e t c . , w hich
a r e com b in a tion typing and adding m a ch in e s) to p r e p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s , in tern a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , shipping m em ora n d a , e tc .
U su a lly in v olv es a p p lica tion
o f p r e d e te r m in e d d iscou n ts and shipping c h a rg e s and en try o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n sio n s, w hich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on the
b illin g m a ch in e, and totals w hich a r e a u to m a tica lly accu m u la ted
b y m a ch in e .
The op era tion u su a lly in v olv es a la r g e n um ber o f
c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill being p r e p a r e d and is often done on a
fa n fold m a ch in e .
B ille r , m a ch in e (bookkeeping m a ch in e )-----U ses a bookkeepin g
m a ch in e (Sundstrand, E llio tt F is h e r , R em in gton Rand, e tc . , w hich
m a y o r m a y not have ty p e w rite r k ey b oa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b ills a s p a rt o f the a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r
record .
The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la tes fig u r e s on a
n um ber o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u su a lly p rin ts a u to­
m a tic a lly the deb it o r c r e d it b a la n ces . D oes not in v olv e a k n ow l­
edge o f book k eep in g . W orks fr o m u n iform and standard types o f
s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
BO O K K EE PIN G -M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R
O pera tes a book k eep in g m a ch in e (R em in gton Rand, E llio tt
F is h e r , Sundstrand, B u rro u g h s, N ational C ash R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ith ­
out a ty p e w rite r k ey b oa rd ) to keep a r e c o r d o f b u sin ess tr a n s a ctio n s .




B O O K K EE PIN G -M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R ----- Continued
C la ss A -----K eeps a set o f r e c o r d s req u irin g a kn ow ledge o f
and e x p e rie n c e in b a sic bookkeepin g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia r ity w ith
the s tru ctu re o f the p a rticu la r accou n tin g sy stem u sed .
D e te r ­
m in es p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d istrib u tion o f debit and c r e d it item s
to be u sed in each ph ase o f the w o rk . M ay p r e p a r e co n s o lid a te d
r e p o r t s , ba la n ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C la ss B -— K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r se c tio n s
o f a se t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly re q u irin g little kn ow ledge o f b a s ic b o o k ­
keep in g.
P h a ses o r se c tio n s in clu de a ccou n ts p a ya b le, p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts (not in cluding a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
under b i lle r , m a ch in e ), c o s t d istrib u tion , expen se d is trib u tio n , in ­
v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e tc . M ay ch e c k o r a s s is t in p re p a ra tio n o f tr ia l
b a la n ces and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets fo r the a ccou n tin g d epa rtm en t.
CLERK,

ACCOUNTING

C la ss A ----- U nder g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t­
ant, has r e s p o n s ib ility fo r keepin g one o r m o r e se c tio n s o f a c o m ­
p lete set o f books o r r e c o r d s rela tin g to one ph ase o f an e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t's b u sin e s s tr a n s a ctio n s . W ork in v olv es p ostin g and balancin g
su b s id ia r y le d g e r o r le d g e r s such as a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
coun ts p a ya b le; exam inin g and cod in g in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s with
p r o p e r accou n tin g d istrib u tion ; r e q u ire s ju dgm en t and e x p e rie n c e
in m akin g p r o p e r a ssig n a tion s and a llo c a tio n s .
M ay a s s is t in
p r e p a r in g , ad ju stin g , and c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr ie s; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a ccou n tin g c le r k s .
C la ss B ---- Under su p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine
a ccou n tin g op era tion s su ch as p ostin g sim p le jo u rn a l v o u c h e r s ,
a ccou n ts p a ya ble v o u c h e r s , en terin g v o u c h e r s in v o u ch e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; p ostin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n tro lle d
by g e n e r a l le d g e r s .
This jo b d oes not r e q u ir e a kn ow ledge of
a ccou n tin g and b ook k eepin g p r in c ip le s but is found in o ffic e s in
w h ich the m o r e routine accou n tin g w o rk is su bd ivided on a fu n c ­
tion a l b a sis am ong s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

10

CLERK, FILE
ClassA-^-R esponsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B ---- Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing tne items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department /to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards ifi a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records. May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine. Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take messages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

11

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR. GENERAL---- Continued

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s
time while at switchboard.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

TABU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine1 May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
.
operate auxiliary machines.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A —
^Perform s one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR. GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN. JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN. LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B — Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,'
insurance policies, e tc., setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN. LEADER-----Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN. SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc7,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

12

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE,

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injure<fT
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)-----Continued
and

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

and

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
and do simple lettering.

P o w e r pl ant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings^ models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical^ to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one ’ engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is, permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

13

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in topi and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering (he
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment. Work, involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use .of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

14

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE---- Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
neating systems are excluded*

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gadge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments, understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In-.
eludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floorsj
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatbries, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

15

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK---- Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers' houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in.shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportatipn and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under 1V2 tons)
medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other thantrailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆ U . S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1959 O - 511322







Occupational W Surveys
age
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 21 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959. These bulletins, numbered
1240*1 through 1240*21, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the BLS regional nales offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240*22) containing data for all labor markets, except Lawrence, Mass., combined with additional analysis will be
issued early in I960.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.
Seattle, W ash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240*2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara C ounties), N. Y ., September 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240*3, price 25 cents
St. Louis, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240*4, price 15 cents
D allas, T e x ., October 1958 — BLS B ull. 1240*5, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240 -6, price 25 cents
Denver, C o lo ., December 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-7, price 20 cents
Philadelphia, P a ., November 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240 -8, price 30 cents

Newark-Jersey C ity, N . J ., December 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240*9, price 20 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240 -10 , price 20 cents
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1959 —
BLS Bull. 1240*11, price 20 cents
Detroit, Mich., January 1959 — BLS B ull. 1240-12, price 25 cents
San Francisco-Oakland, C a lif., January 1959 —
BLS Bull. 1240*13, price 25 cents
New Orleans, L a ., February 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-14, price 20 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102