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Occupational Wage Survey

LUBBOCK, TEXAS
MAY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-67




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STA TISTIC S
Ewan C la g u e , Com m issioner




Occupational Wage Survey




LUBBOCK, TEXAS
M A Y 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-67
June 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R ST A T IST IC S
Ewan C la g u e , Com m issioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

In trod u ction _________________________________________________ __________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ----------------------------------

The C om m u nity W age S u rvey P r o g r a m
The B u reau o f L a b or S ta tistics r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a rea w id e w age su r v e y s in a n u m ber o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
c e n te r s . The stu d ies, m a d e fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
re la te to occu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and re la te d su p p lem en tary
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
of the study in each a r e a , u su ally in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied. T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s a d dition a l
data not in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A co n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lletin s u m m a rizin g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's su r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lletin fo r the c u r re n t round o f s u rv e y s.

1
3

T a b les:
1.
2.

A:

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y _______
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and
stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
occu p a tion a l g rou p s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ccu p ation a l ea rn in g s: *
A - 1. O ffice occu p a tion s ----------------------------------------------A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s _______
A - 3. M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t occu p a tio n s ____
A -4 . C u stodia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t occu p a tion s

A ppendix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s _______________________________

* N O TE: S im ila r tabu lation s a r e a v a ila b le in the L u bb ock
a r e a r e p o r t fo r June I960, w hich a ls o in clu d es data on
esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary w age p r o v is io n s .
A d ir e c t o r y in dicatin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f this
r e p o r t, as w e ll as the r e p o r t s fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is
a v a ila b le upon re q u e st.

in

2

2

^ in m so

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e in A tlanta, Ga. , by Donald M. C ru se, under the
d ir e c tio n o f L ou is B. W oytych , A s s is ta n t R eg ion a l D ir e c to r
fo r W ages and In d u stria l R ela tion s.




P age

7




Occupational Wage Survey—Lubbock, Tex.
Introduction

This a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u stria l c e n te rs in
w h ich the U. S. D epartm en t o f L a b o r 's B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics
con du cts s u rv e y s o f occu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and rela ted w age b en efits
on an a r e a b a s is .
The b u lle tin p r e s e n ts c u r re n t occu p a tion a l em p loy m en t and
earn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtained la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the esta b lish m en ts
v isite d by B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts in the la st p r e v io u s s u r v e y fo r o c c u ­
pation s r e p o rte d in that e a r lie r study.
P e r s o n a l v is it s w e re m ade
to n on resp on d en ts and to th ose resp on d en ts r e p o rtin g unusual changes
sin c e the p r e v io u s su r v e y .

In ea ch a r e a , data a r e obtained fr o m r e p re s e n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an ufacturin g; tr a n s p o r ­
tation , 1 c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e; r e ­
ta il tra d e; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jor
in d u stry g rou p s ex clu d ed fr o m th ese stud ies a r e g ov ern m en t op era tion s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u str ie s .
E sta b lish m en ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a re om itted a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the occu p a tion s studied to w a r ­
rant in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , sep a ra te tabu lation s a r e p ro v id e d
fo r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h ese su rv e y s a r e con du cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v olv ed in su rv ey in g a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts. T o obtain
a p p ro p ria te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n o f la rg e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts is studied. In com b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lish m en ts a r e g iven th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E stim a tes
b a sed on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied a re p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
lating to a il e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry grou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
cept f o r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

take a ccou n t o f in te re sta b lish m e n t v a ria tio n in duties w ithin the sam e
jo b . (See appendix fo r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip tio n s . ) E arn in gs data a re
p r e se n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) fo r the fo llo w in g types o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffice c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l; (c ) m a in te ­
n an ce and p ow erp lan t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t.
O ccu p ation a l em p loym en t and earn in gs data a re show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ired to w o rk a re g u la r w eek ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iven occu p a tion a l c la s s ific a tio n .
E arn in gs data ex clu de
p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts.
N on produ ction b on u ses a r e ex clu d ed a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in cen tiv e earn in g s a re in clu ded .
W here w eek ly
h ou rs a re r e p o r te d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o ccu p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sch ed u les (rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w hich
str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a re paid; a v e ra g e w eek ly ea rn in gs fo r these
occu p a tion s have b een rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e ra g e earn in g s o f m en and w om en a r e p re se n te d se p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion s in w hich both se x e s a re c o m m o n ly em p loy ed .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese occu p a tion s a re
la r g e ly due to ( l ) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is trib u tio n o f the se x e s am ong
in d u stries and esta b lish m en ts; (2 ) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the occu p a tion s a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin
the sa m e su r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it re v ie w when in dividu al s a la r ie s a r e ad ju sted on this b a s is .
L on g er a v era g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h igh er a v era g e pay
w hen both s e x e s a r e e m p loy ed w ithin the sam e rate ra n ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su rv ey s a r e u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al e sta b lish m en ts to
a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .

O ccu p ation s and E arn in gs
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u factu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p ation a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a se d on a u n ifo rm se t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esign ed to
1 R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r l y ex clu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ie s,
w e r e in clu ded in a ll o f the a r e a s studied sin c e JuLy 1959, e x ce p t B a lti­
m o r e (S ep tem b er 1959 and D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 ), B u ffa lo (O cto b e r 1959),
C levela n d (S ep tem b er 1959), and Seattle (August 1959).




O ccu p ation a l em p loym en t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in all
e sta b lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e of the study and not the n u m ber a c tu ­
a lly su r v e y e d . B eca u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l s tru ctu re am ong
e sta b lis h m e n ts, the e stim a tes o f o ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t obtained
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lish m en ts studied s e r v e on ly to in d icate the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion al s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ings data.

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e o f su rv e y and n u m b e r stud ied in L u b b oc k ,

T e x . , 1 b y m a jo r in d u str y d iv is io n , 2 M a y 1961

N u m b er o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
In d u stry d iv isio n

A l l d iv is io n s

W ithin
sc o p e of
study 3

_______________________________________________________________

M an u factu rin g --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r public u t i l i t i e s 4 ______________________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e 5 ______________________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e 5 ------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te 5 ___________________________
S e r v ic e s 5> 6 _________________________________ _________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin
sc o p e of
study

Studied

Studied

80

63

9 , 200

8, 08 0

21
59

18
45

2, 500
6 , 70 0

2, 190
5, 890

11
9
23
6
10

10
5
18
4
8

2, 40 0
500
2, 70 0
500
60 0

2, 250
250
2, 520
370
500

1 The L u b bock S tan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S ta t is t ic a l A r e a (L u b b ock C ou n ty ).
The "w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in th is table
p rovid e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n of the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not in tended,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th er a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age
s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad van ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed
fr o m the sc o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 The 19 57 r e v is e d ed itio n o f the Stan d ard In d u str ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M an u al w as u se d in c la s s if y in g e s t a b lis h m e n ts b y in d u str y d iv isio n .
M a jo r
c h an ges f r o m the e a r l ie r e d ition (u se d in the B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s cond ucted p r io r to J uly 1958) a r e the t r a n s f e r o f m ilk p a ste u r iz a tio n
p lants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e s t a b lis h m e n ts f r o m tra d e (w h o le sa le o r r e ta il) to m a n u fa c tu r in g , and the t r a n s f e r o f rad io and t e le v is io n b r o a d c a stin g
f r o m s e r v i c e s to the tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p ublic u tilit ie s d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r ab ove the m i n im u m -s iz e lim ita t io n ( 5 0 e m p lo y e e s ) .
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the area ) of
c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w ater t r a n sp o r ta tio n w e r e ex clu d e d .
5 T h is in d u str y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s .
S ep a ra te p r e se n ta tio n
o f data fo r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p rovid e enough data
to m e r it se p a r a te stud y, (2) the sa m p le w as not d e sig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in su ffic ie n t o r in adequate to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in divid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.
6 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in eerin g
and a r c h it e c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2. P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e
h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s in L u b bock , T e x . ,
June I 9 6 0 to M ay 1961
A ll

O cc u p a tio n a l group

S k illed m ain te n an ^ ^
U o lilcU pialll
n A

1

____________
”

In su ffic ie n t data to m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

in d u s tr ie s
2. 6
(l )
3. 0

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in table 2 a r e p e r c e n ts o f change in s a la r ie s o f
w om en o ffic e c le r i c a l w o rk e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , and in a v era g e
ea rn in gs o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g rou p s.
F o r o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cents o f change rela te to a v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h ours
o f w ork , that is , the stan dard w ork sch ed u le f o r w hich str a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id.
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s, they m e a s u re changes
in stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in g s, ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w ork on w eek en ds, h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts. The p e r ­
cen tag es a r e b a se d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey occu p a tion s and in clude
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p ortan t jo b s within ea ch grou p .
The o f ­
f ic e c le r i c a l data a re b a se d on w om en in the follow in g 18 jo b s : B ille r s ,
m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e); b o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B ; C om p tom eter o p e r a t o r s ; c l e r k s - file , c la s s A and B ; c le r k s ,
t
o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; keypunch o p e r a t o r s ; o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ;
ste n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s ; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p ­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B.
The in d u stria l n u rse
data a r e b a se d on w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the follow in g
1 0 sk ille d m ain ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w ere in clu ded in the
plant w o rk e r data: Skilled— c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a ch in is ts ; m e ­
ch a n ics ; m e c h a n ics , au tom otiv e; m illw rig h ts ; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ;
sh e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e rs ; u n s k ille d — ja n ito r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l handling; and w atchm en.
A v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s o r a v era g e h o u rly earn in g s w ere
com pu ted fo r ea ch o f the s e le c t e d occu p a tio n s.
The a v e ra g e s a l ­
a r ie s o r h o u rly earn in gs w e re then m u ltip lied by the a v era g e e m p lo y ­
m ent in the jo b during the m onths in d ica ted in the title o f table 2.




T h ese w eigh ted ea rn in gs f o r in dividu al occu p a tion s w e re then totaled
to obtain an a g g reg a te f o r ea ch o ccu p a tio n a l grou p. F in a lly , the ra tio
o f th ese g rou p a g g reg a tes fo r the one y e a r to the a g g reg a te fo r the
oth er y e a r was com pu ted and the d iffe r e n c e betw een the re su lt and
1 0 0 is the p e r c e n t o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the oth er.

The p e r c e n t o f change m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c ts o f
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s
in pay r e c e iv e d by in dividu al w o rk e r s w hile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) changes in the la b o r f o r c e su ch as la b o r tu rn o v e r, f o r c e ex p an ­
s io n s , f o r c e red u ction s, and changes in the p r o p o rtio n s o f w o rk e r s
em p lo y e d b y e sta b lish m en ts with d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls . Changes in the
la b o r f o r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tion a l
a v e r a g e s w ithout actu al w age ch a n g es. F o r ex a m p le, a f o r c e expan sion
m ight in c r e a s e the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e r s in a s p e c ific
occu p a tion and r e su lt in a d rop in the a v e r a g e , w h ereas a red u ction
in the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e r s w ould have the op p o s ite e ffe ct.
The m ov em en t o f a h igh -p a yin g esta b lish m en t out o f an a r e a cou ld
ca u se the a v era g e earn ings to d rop , even though no change in rates
o c c u r r e d in oth er a re a esta b lish m en ts.
The u se o f constan t em p loym en t w eights elim in a tes the e ffe cts
o f changes in the p r o p o r tio n o f w o rk e r s r e p re s e n te d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a re the p e r ce n ts o f change in flu en ced by
changes in stan dard w ork sch ed u les o r in p re m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e ,
sin c e they a re b a sed on pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
Indexes fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 f o r w o rk e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk ets w ill ap p ear in BLS B u ll. 12 65 -62, W ages and R elated
B e n e fits, 60 L a b o r M a rk ets, W inter 19 59-60.

4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w ee k ly h ou rs and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , L u b b o c k , T e x . , M ay 1961)
Avebaob
Number
of
workers

S e x , o ccu p ation , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Weekly,
hours
(Standard)

N U M B E R OF W O RK ERS RE C E IV IN G ST R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E AR N IN G S OF—

Weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

$
3 0 . 00
and
under35 . 00

$
35 . 00

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

4 0 , 00 _4 5 . 00_ . 50. .00. _5 5 , 00. _ 6 0 . 00

$
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 . 00

6 5 , 00.

7 0

$
70. 00

$
75 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

. 00. 7 5 . 00 _80 , 00

85 . 00

9Q. 00. ..95. 00

$
90. 00

$
$
$
95 . 00 100. 00 105. 00
and
100. 00. 1 0 5 ,0 0

ove r

M en
15

40. 5

$ 8 8 . 00

B o o k k e ep in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A _________ ___
N on m an ufactu ring ____ __
___ ___ ___
______ ____

17
14

41. 0
41. 0

6 8 . 00
6 7 . 50

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

"

~

-

"

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B _______________
N on m an ufactu ring -------------------------------------------------------------

93
79

40. 5
40. 5

55 . 00
55 . 00

_

-

2

-

"

19
17

36
35

C le r k s , a ccou n tin g, c la s s A _________________ _____ ____
N on m an ufactu ring _ __ __ -------- -------- __ __ __ ___
_ __ _____ __ _____ __
P u b lic u t i li t i e s 2 _

41
37
15

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

7 5 . 50
7 4 ..0 0
7 9 . 00

_
-

_
"

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s B _
_ _
_______
N on m an ufactu ring ___________________________ __ __ ___
_ _______
P u b lic u t i li t i e s 2 ________________________ _

113
106
66

40. 5
40. 0
40. 0

57. 50
57 . 50
6 0 . 50

_
-

_
-

"

-

_
-

21
19
-

26
25
14

22
22
21

C l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s B _____________ _______ _____________ _
N on m an ufactu ring -------------------------------------------------------------

29
27

40. 0
4 0 .0

52 . 00
5 2 .0 0 “

_

_

-

-

6
------- 6

3
--------2

15
14

C le r k s , or d e r _________________________________________________
N on m an ufactu ring ____ ____________ _____ _______

16
12

40. 0
40. 0

56 . 50
52 . 50

-

-

-

-

1
1

5
5

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll

__ __ ___

15

40. 5

6 5 . 50

_

_

_

___________

21

40. 0

58. 50

K eypunch o p e r a to r s ______ __ ____________________ _______
N on m an u factu rin g ____ __
_____ __ __ __ __ __
P u b lic u tilitie s 2 _______________________________________

40
40
26

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

59. 50
59 . 50
6 3 . 00

“

_______ __ _____
S e c r e t a r ie s _____ __ __ _____
N on m an ufactu ring ____ __ _________
__ __
----P u b lic u tilitie s 2 _
_ __ _________________ _____ ___

.8 9
84
25

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

7 7 . 00
7 7 . 00
8 5 . 50

_

_

-

-

S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l __ __ _____ __
_____ __ ___
M an ufactu ring ________ _______ ___________________
N on m an ufactu ring ____ _________ ____________________ _
P u b lic u tilitie s 2 _____
_
_
_______________________

74
14
60
30

40.
40.
40.
40.

65.
66.
65.
73.

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s ___________ ___________________
N on m an ufactu ring _________
_____
_________

____
__ _

23
21

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s
_________ ___ ____
N on m an ufactu ring -----------------------------------------------------------------------------T y p i s t s , c la s s A ____ ___ ___ _______ _________ ___ ___ _____
N on m an ufactu ring _____________ ___ _____ ____________

C le r k s , a ccou n tin g, c la s s A

_______________________________

2

2

3

1

5
5

7
5

3
2

2
2

_

_

-

-

14
9

17
14

3
2

2
2

_

_

-

-

_

7
7

4
4
3

13
12
4

3
3

25
23
15

12
11
10

3
2
2

_

2
2

3
--------3

_
-

2
2

2
2

2
"

3

_

3

2

1

5

7

4

1
1
-

3
3

13
13
8

9
9
8

5
5
2

2
2
1

_
-

_
-

7
7

4
4

6
------- 6
-

3
3
"

14
1
13
1

5
5
1

14
--------5
8
4

-

3
1

3
3

7
7

3
3

9
7

4
2

3
2

1
1

2
2

4
4

8
------- 6

2
2

1

1

3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

3
2
2

8
7
4

2
2
2

_
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

_

_

_

_

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
"

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

3

1

1

_

1

_

1

_

_

1
1
1

4
4
4

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

-

“

-

"

10
9
4

10
9
4

21
20
3

8
7
1

7
6
3

3
3
2

6
6
4

1
1
1

6
6
3

11
1
10
5

11
4
7
6

6
2
4
3

5

5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

W om en

___

__ __ __ __ __ _________

C o m p to m e te r o p e r a to r s

____

________

__ __

5
5
0
0

50
50
50
00

42. 5
43. 0

51 . 00
51. 00

24
19

41. 0
41. 0

5 2 . 50
52 . 00

18
16

40. 0
40. 0

6 0 . 50
6 0 . 00

-

-

_

-

"

-

3
3

5
5

1
1

_

_

4
4

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

1

3

_

_

"

"

"

1
1

_

_

"

"

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the ea rn in g s .co rre sp o n d to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s.
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .




_

5
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division, Lubbock, Tex. , May 1961)
Av- eao.

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly ^

$

$

$

55. 00
and
under
60. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

65. 00

70.0 0

75. 00

2

Weekly.
earnings1
(Standard)

(Standard)

9

$

75. 00
80. 00

$
80. 00
85. 00

Men
D raftsm en, j u n i o r ____________

___ ___

40. 5

16

$65.00

1 Standard hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees
these w eekly hours.

1

3

re ceiv e their regular straight-tim e

1

sa la ries and the earnings corresp on d to

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in selected occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division, Lubbock, T e x ., May 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

ork

Average
hourly .
earnings1

$

‘ ‘a J

1.80

$

1.90

$

2 .0 0

$
2. 10

$

2. 20

$

2. 30

$

2 .4 0

$ 2. 50

*2 .6 0

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

$

2 .70

$

2. 80

$

2. 90

S

3. 00

u n d er

1.80

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n ce )




-----

44

$2. 50

1.90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2

1

3

10

1

1 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.

2. 30

2 .4 0

1

2. 80

2. 90

25

3. 00

3. 10

1

6
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , L u bb ock , T e x . , M ay 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

Occupation1 and industry division

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (men) ______
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilitie s4 _____ ____________ ______

136
54
82
22

hourly ,
earnings

$ 1. 21
1 .2 0
1 .2 2
1 .4 2

$
$ „
Under 0. 80 0 .9 0
$
under
0. 80
.9 0
1 .0 0

12
3 12

3

2

-

2

3

-

-

1 .0 4
1 .0 4

!
1

7
7

_

208
65
143

1 .3 9
1 .2 6
1 .4 5

.

_

-

-

1
1
"

Order fille rs
Nnnmamifarhiri ng

66
53

19
14

1 .6 6
1 .7 5

_

100
27
73
15

1 .6 7
1. 65
1 .6 8
2. 54

_
“

$
1. 10

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1. 40

1. 10

1. 20

1. 30

1 .4 0

11
1
10
5

24
13
11
3

43

13
3
10

4
4

2

_

5
3
2

28
9
19

1 .3 9
1 .3 9

Receiving clerks .
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

$
1. 00

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (women)
Nonmanufacturing
___

_____

L aborers, m aterial handling ______________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

Truckdrivers 5 ___________________________________
Manufacturing _____________ ________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public utilities 4 ___________________________

16
16

Watchmen

1
2
3
4
5

1. 90

9
1
8
2

6
2
4

10

1
1

-

_

_

-

-

-

12

13

1
1

5
3

2
2

2
2

6
6
-

12
3
9
"

_
~

3
1

2
" "2

1

"

_

_

-

-

3
3
"

1
1
~

19
6
13
"

17
4
13

8
8
“

3
3

1
1

1
1

4
3

3
3

11
3
8

3

4
4

3

-

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

12

"

"

"

19

1 .8 6

-

-

76
31
45
31

1 .3 2
1 .3 2
1 .3 3
1 .2 8

.
-

.
-

-

2. 10

2. 20

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

s
2. 70

$
2 .8 0

2. 30

2. 40

2 .5 0

2. 60

2. 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

1
1
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

~

-

-

16
_
16

-

1

.
~

2

-

-

-

2

6

-

~

-

1
1

_

1
1

.

'

“

"

_

"

"

3
3
"

8
8

.
-

2
2
-

1
1
1

7
6
1
1

1
1
1

-

7
7
7

_
-

1
1

2
2

!

_

.
"

1
1

.

“

-

"

11
3
8

1

2

-

-

1

-

1

-

7

-

5

1

2

-

-

"

7
7

-

-

1
1

-

"

1
1

-

5
5

-

6

-

_

"
.

1

-

2

2

2

-

-

5

-

2

-

44
21
23
23

15
6
9

2

.

3

_

.

_

.

-

-

-

3

4
3
1

-

-

"

“

"

"

"

1

.

.

.

3

_

-

-

-

1

.

-

1

4
4
4

1

6

-

"

-

-

12

$
2. 30

1
1

2
2
2

2

2. 20

$

”

_

.

2. 10

$

5

“

-

-

-

15
...' l l

0
0

1
1

-

"

2

_

-

2. 00

$
2.

1

4

-

_

1 .9 0

_

~

_

"

$

1

10
6

2

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o th e rw is e in d ic a te d .
E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s fo l lo w s : 2 at $ 0. 40 to $ 0. 50; 7 at $ 0. 50 to $ 0. 60; 3 at $ 0. 60 to $ 0. 70.
T ra n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .




1 .8 0

5
3
2

-

1. 15

1 .7 0

8
8
"

-

18

1 .6 0

_

$
1 .8 0

20
16

"

1 .6 7
1.4 1
1 .7 6
2 .5 6

Truckers, power (forklift) ____________________
Manufacturing
______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public utilities 4 ___________________________

1. 50

1
1

1. 70

$

132
39
93

.

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) ________________________________

M n n n fa r tn r i n g

Nonmanufacturing __ ____________________
Public utilities 4 _____ ________________

_

2

"

64
16
48
14

Truckdrivers, medium ( l 1^ to and
including 4 tons) ___________________________

$
1. 60

1

_

1 .4 4
1 .4 5

_____

11
2

"

17
16

Truckdrivers, light (under 11/ 2 tons)
Nonmanufacturing

32

1. 50

$

-

-

_
.

.

~

2
2
2

.

.

-

1
r~

—

1
r~

_
_

-

5
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

.

.

"

.

-

—

-

7

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O

F F I C E

B I L L E R , MACHINE

BO O KKEEPIN G -M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work inciden­
tal to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine,
are cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine)— U ses a specia l billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of car Don cop ies
of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a num­
ber of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles' and familiarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to
be used in each phase of the work. May^ prepare consolidated re­
ports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or section s
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic
bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, pay­
roll, customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing
described under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense d is­
tribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a ss is t in prep­
aration o f trial balances and prepare control sheets for the a c­
counting department.

C L E R K , ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or a c­
countant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a
complete set of books or records relating to one phase of an e s ­
tablishment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and

8
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
balancing subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receiv­
able or accounts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouch­
ers with proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and ex­
perience in making proper assignations and allocations. May
assist in preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may
direct cla ss B accounting clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers. This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in o ffice s in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distrib­
uting pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COM PTOM ETER O P E R A TO R

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.
D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EO G R APH O R D IT T O )

C L E R K , F IL E

Class A— Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. C lassifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the file s. May perform incidental clerical duties.

Class B— Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been cla ssified , or locates or a ssists in locating ma­
terial in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.

CLER K , ORDER

R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled. May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sib ilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjust­
ments such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is
not required to prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used
stencils or Ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed
material.

KEYPUNCH O PER ATO R

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine. May keep files of punch
cards. May verify own work or work of others.

O F F IC E B O Y O R G IR L

Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

9

SECRETARY

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and
making phone ca lls ; handling personal and important or confidental
mail, and "writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or therecorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May pre­
pare special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may
type or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerica l work may take the major part of this worker’ s
while at switchboard.

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

STEN O G RAPH ER ,

GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May a lso type from written copy. May a lso set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. D oes not include transcribingmachine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

p osi­
also
This
time

OPERATOR

Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data On forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition
operate auxiliary machines.

,

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
S T E N O G R A P H E R , T E C H N IC A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype Or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, e tc. D oes not include transcribingmachine work.

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing~machine records. May a lso type
from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing
dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such
as legal briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar
machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

TYPIST
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to
persons who ca ll in or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.




U ses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerica l work involving little special training, such as keeping
simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and distributing
incoming mail.

10
TYPIST— Continued
Class A—
terial in fin al

TYPIST— Continued

Performs- one or more o f the following:
form

from very rough and in volved

T y p in g ma­

draft; cop yin g

from plain or corrected c o p y m w hich.there i s a frequent and varied
u se o f te c h n ic a l and unusiutl words or from fo reign -lan gu age c o p y ;
com bining

m aterial

from s e v e r a l

so u r c e s , or planning

layou t

of

com p licated s t a t i s t ic a l ta b le s to maintain uniformity and b a lan ce

in sp acin g;* typing ta b le s from rough draft in fin a l form. May type
routine form le tte r s, varying d e ta ils to su it c ircu m sta n ce s.

C lass B — Perform s one or more o f the following: T y p in g from
r e la tiv e ly c le a r or typed d ra fts; routine typing o f form s, insu rance
p o li c i e s , e t c ., settin g up sim p le standard tab u la tio n s, or copyin g
more com p lex ta b le s already s e t up and s p a c e d properly.

PRO FESSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

(Assistant draftsman)
writing s p e c ific a tio n s ; making adju stm ents or ch a n ges in drawings or
Draw s to s c a le units or parts o f draw ings prepared by d ra fts­
man or others for en gin eerin g, co n stru ctio n , or manufacturing p u rp o se s.
U s e s various ty p es o f drafting to o ls a s required.

May prepare draw ings

from sim ple p lan s or s k e t c h e s , or perform other d u ties under direction
o f a draftsm an.
DRAFTSM AN, L E A D E R

sp e c ific a tio n s* May ink in lin e s and letters on p e n cil d raw in gs, prepare
d e ta il units o f com p lete d raw in gs, or trace d raw in gs.

Vork is frequently

in a sp e c ia liz e d fie ld su ch a s arch itectu ral, e le c tr ic a l, m ech a n ica l, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

P la n s and d ire cts a c tiv itie s o f one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration o f working p la n s and d e ta il draw ings from rough or prelim inary

A reg istered nurse who g iv e s nursing s e r v ic e to i l l or injured

s k e tc h e s for en gin eerin g, co n stru ctio n , or manufacturing p u r p o se s. D u tie s

em p lo y ees or other p erso n s who becom e i ll or su ffer an a c c id e n t on the

in v o lv e a combination o f the follow ing: Interpreting b lu ep rin ts, s k e t c h e s ,

p rem ises o f a factory or other esta b lish m e n t. D u ties i n v o lv e . a combina­

and written or verbal ord ers; determ ining work p ro ced u res; a s s ig n in g

tion o f the following: G iv in g first aid to die i l l or inju red; attending to

d u ties to su bordin ates and in sp e c tin g their work; performing more d if­

su bsequ en t d re ssin g o f e m p lo y e e s 9 in ju r ie s ; k eepin g records o f p atien ts

May a s s i s t su bordin ates during em ergen cies or a s a

treated ; preparing a ccid en t reports for com p ensation or other p u r p o s e s ;

regular a ssig n m en t, or perform related d u ties o f a su p erviso ry or ad­

conducting p h y sic a l exam in ations and health e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lica n ts

m inistrative nature.

and e m p lo y e e s; and planning and carrying out programs in v o lv in g health

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

a c tiv itie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e lfa re , and s a fe ty o f a ll

ficu lt problem s.

ed u cation , a ccid en t preven tion, ev alu ation o f plan t environm ent, or other
p erso n n el.

Prepares working p lan s and d e ta il draw ings from n o t e s , rough
or d eta iled sk e tc h e s for en gin eerin g , co n stru ctio n , or manufacturing pur­
p oses.

TRACER

D u ties in v o lv e a combination o f the following: Preparing work­

ing p la n s, d e ta il dra w in g s, m a p s, c r o s s -s e c t i o n s , e t c ., to s c a le by u se

C o p ie s p lan s and drawings prepared by o th ers, by p la c in g trac­

of drafting instru m en ts; m aking en gin eerin g com putations su ch a s th o se

ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracin g with pen or p e n c il.

in volved in strength o f m a te ria ls, beam s and t r u s s e s ; v erify in g com ­

T -sq u a re , c o m p a ss, and other drafting t o o ls .

p leted work, ch eck in g d im e n sio n s, m aterials to be u s e d , and q u a n titie s;

in gs and do sim p le letterin g .




U ses

May prepare sim p le draw­

11

M

A I N T E N A N C E

3

P O

W

E R P L A N

T

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,' conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ie f engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded.




H E L P E R , T R A D E S , M A IN T E N A N C E

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

12
M AC H IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

M ILLW R IG H T— C ontinued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M ILLW R IG H T

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




O IL E R

Lubricates, with o il or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded

.

13

T O O L A N D D IE M AK ER

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

C U

S T O

D

I A L

A N D

M

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

A T E R I A L

M

O V E M

E N T

E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PASSENGER

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R — C ontinued

Transports passengers between floors of an office buildings
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who care stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering

.

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice , apartment house, or commercial




L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

14

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G — Continued

SH IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — C ontinued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen who load and unload ships are excluded

,

.

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

ORDER F IL L E R
T R U C K D R IV E R

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers9
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places o f business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded

.

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded

.

SH IPPIN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. R eceiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver
Truckdriver
Truckdriver
Truckdriver

(combination o f s iz e s lis te d separately)

, light (under l /2 ton s)
l
, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
, heavy (o ver 4 tons> other than trailer type)

TR U C K E R , POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:

,
,

Trucker power (forklift)
Trucker power (other than forklift)
W ATCH M AN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.S. GOVERNM ENT P R IN T IN G OFFICE : 1961 0 — 598 95 8


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102