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Occupational Wage Survey

IN D IA N A P O L IS , IN D IA N A
D ECEM BER

1960

Bulletin N o . 1285-28




UNITED S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T OF L ABO R
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C lagua, CommbMonar




New England Region
18 Oliver Street
Bostoo 10, Mass.
liberty 2-2115

O c c u p a tio n a l W ag e S u rv e y




IN D IA N A P O L IS , IN D IA N A
DECEMBER 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-28
February 1961

UNITED S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C lagu e, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The

C o m m u n ity

W age

S u rvey

P rogram

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly c o n d u c ts
a r e a w i d e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f i m p o r t a n t i n d u s t r i a l
cen ters.
T h e s t u d ie s , m a d e f r o m la t e f a l l to e a r ly s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s an d r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta r y
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f th e s t u d y in e a c h a r e a , u s u a l l y in t h e m o n t h f o l l o w i n g
th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s a d d i t i o n a l
d a t a n o t i n c l u d e d in t h e e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle t in s u m m a r iz in g th e r e s u l t s o f a l l o f th e
y e a r ’ s s u r v e y s is is s u e d a ft e r c o m p le t io n o f th e fin a l a r e a
b u lle t in f o r th e c u r r e n t r o u n d o f s u r v e y s .

T h i s r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in t h e B u r e a u ’ s r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111. , b y W o o d r o w C . L in n ,
u n d e r th e
d ir e c t io n o f G e o r g e E . V o ta v a , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
fo r W a g e s an d I n d u s tr ia l R e la t io n s .




I n t r o d u c t i o n _________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________

\

3

T a b le s :
1.
2.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y _____________
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d
s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l g r o u p s ______________________________________________________________

A : O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s _________________________________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s --------------------------------A - 3. M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 4. C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ------------------A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r t a b u la tio n s f o r t h e s e an d o t h e r it e m s , in c lu d in g
d ata on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o ­
v is io n s ,
are
a v a i l a b l e in t h e I n d i a n a p o l is
area rep orts
fo r
D e c e m b e r 19 5 1 a n d J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 .
A d i r e c t o r y in d ic a t in g d a te o f
s t u d y a n d t h e p r i c e o f t h is r e p o r t , a s w e l l a s o f r e p o r t s f o r o t h e r
m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le u p on r e q u e s t.
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s an d s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s in t h e I n d i a n a p o l is a r e a a r e a l s o a v a i l a ­
b l e f o r f l u i d m i l k ( M a y I 9 6 0 ) , h o t e l s ( M a y I 9 6 0 ) , p o w e r la u n ­
d r i e s a n d d r y c l e a n e r s (J u n e I 9 6 0 ) , a n d b a n k in g ( J u n e I 9 6 0 ) .
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a l s o a v a i l a ­
b le f o r th e fo llo w in g t r a d e s o r in d u s t r ie s :
B u ild in g c o n s t r u c ­
t io n ,
p r in tin g , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , an d m o t o r ­
tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

2
2
4
7
g

9
11




Occupational Wage Survey—Indianapolis, Ind.

Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s o n e o f s e v e r a l i m p o r t a n t i n d u s t r i a l c e n t e r s in
w h i c h t h e U . S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s
c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fit s
on an a r e a b a s is .
T h e b u lle tin p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n in g s in f o r m a t io n o b t a in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
v is it e d b y B u r e a u fie ld e c o n o m is t s in th e la s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y f o r o c c u ­
p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y .
P e rs o n a l v is its w e re m ad e
to n o n r e sp o n d e n ts and to th o s e r e s p o n d e n ts r e p o r tin g u n u su al ch a n g e s
s in c e th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b t a in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r ­
t a tio n , 1 c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e ­
ta il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u s tr y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s
an d th e c o n s t r u c t io n an d e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
fe w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itt e d a l s o b e c a u s e
t h e y f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t i n t h e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d t o w a r ­
ra n t in c lu s io n .
W h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e , s e p a r a t e t a b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f th e
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
T o o b ta in
a p p r o p r ia te a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
th an o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s
b a s e d o n th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e , a s r e ­
la t in g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .

O c c u p a tio n s a n d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s . O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to

1

R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s e s t u d ie s ,
w e r e in c lu d e d in a l l o f th e a r e a s s tu d ie d s in c e J u ly 1 9 5 9 , e x c e p t
B a lt im o r e , B u ffa lo , C le v e la n d , a n d S e a ttle .
R a ilr o a d s a r e n ow in ­
c l u d e d in t h e s c o p e o f a l l l a b o r - m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s .




t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w i t h i n t h e s a m e
jo b . (S e e a p p e n d ix f o r lis t in g o f t h e s e d e s c r i p t i o n s .) E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) f o r th e fo llo w in g t y p e s o f o c c u p a ­
t i o n s : ( a ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; ( c ) m a i n t e - *
n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (d ) c u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh ow n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d a ls o , b u t c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u s e s an d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h e r e w e e k ly
h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , a s fo r o ff ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
t o t h e w o r k s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d t o t h e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h
s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e
o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m e n an d w o m e n a r e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in w h i c h b o t h s e x e s a r e c o m m o n l y e m p l o y e d .
D i f f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s o f m e n a n d w o m e n in t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s a r e
l a r g e l y d u e t o (1 ) d i f f e r e n c e s in th e d is t r ib u t io n o f th e s e x e s a m o n g
i n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ; (2 ) d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h t h e o c c u p a t i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w i t h in
t h e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n ; a n d ( 3 ) d i f f e r e n c e s in l e n g t h o f s e r v ­
i c e o r m e r i t r e v ie w w h e n in d iv id u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d ju s t e d o n t h is b a s i s .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u ld r e s u l t i n h i g h e r a v e r a g e p a y
w h e n b o t h s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w it h in th e s a m e r a t e r a n g e .
Job
d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s i n t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u ^
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d th an t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s to
a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s
p e rfo rm e d .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b t a in e d
f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly t o in d ic a t e th e
r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n ­
in g s d a ta .

2




Table* 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f su r v e y and n u m b e r stu died in In d ia n a p o lis, Ind. ,* by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n ,2 D e c e m b e r I960
N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
Industry d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e
o f study

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

Studied

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

577

172

155, 800

109, 250

M an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------- ------- —
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 ------------------------- --------------------------------------- —
W h o le s a le tra d e 5 ------------------------------ --------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 5 -------------------------------------S e r v i c e s 5 6 ------------------------------------------------------- ------------------ —

215
362

72
100

87, 300
68, 500

68, 980
40, 270

55
87
102
60
58

22
19
30
14
15

17,
9,
23,
11,
6,

13,
3,
15,
4,
2,

A ll d iv is io n s

800
300
500
100
800

Studied

7 30
270
630
980
660

1 The In d ian ap olis Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a (M a rio n C ounty).
T he " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu dy" e s tim a te s show n in th is table
p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T he e s tim a te s a r e not intended,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e em p loy m en t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age
s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re
e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g esta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
M a jo r
ch an ges fr o m the e a r l ie r e d itio n (u s e d in the B u re a u 's la b o r m a rk e t w age s u r v e y s c o n d u cte d p r i o r to July 1958) a r e the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n
plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e t e e s ta b lis h m e n ts fr o m tra d e (w h o le s a le o r re ta il) to m an u factu rin g, and the tr a n s fe r o f r a d io and t e le v is io n b r o a d ­
ca s tin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo y m e n t at o r ab o v e the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
A ll o u tlets (w ithin the a rea) o f
c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tra d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te rs a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lis h m e n t.
4 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
5 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the s e r ie s A t a b le s .
S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to
m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in adequ ate to
p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l e sta b lish m e n t data.
6 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in eerin g
and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

T a b le 2. P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and strau gh t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in g s f o r
s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in In d ia n a p o lis, I n d ., Jan uary I960 to D e c e m b e r I960

O ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s

O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en) ------------------------------ ----------------In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en) ---------------------------------------------S k ille d m a in ten a n ce (m en) ---------------------------------------------U n sk ille d plant (m en) ------------------------------------------------------

A ll in d u s tr ie s

2.
4.
2.
2.

2
2
9
4

M anufacturin g

2.
4.
2.
3.

0
0
8
4

3

W g Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
ae

P r e s e n t e d In t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s o f s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s a n d in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , a n d o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
In a r e a s w h ic h w e r e n o t s u r v e y e d d u r in g th e
f i s c a l 19 53 b a s e y e a r (J u ly 1 9 5 2 t o J u n e 1 9 5 3 ) th is t a b le is lim it e d
to p e r c e n ts o f ch an ge b e tw e e n s e le c te d p e r io d s .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , th e in d e x e s
r e l a t e t o a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o r k , th a t i s ,
th e s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y
e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k ­
e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h ifts .
T h e in d e x e s a r e b a B e d o n d a ta f o r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t io n s a n d in c lu d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r t a n t
j o b s w i t h i n e a c h g r o u p . T h e o f f i c e c l e r i c a l d a t a a r e b a s e d o n w o m e n in
t h e f o l l o w i n g 18 j o b s : B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) ; b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A an d B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file ,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k eyp u n ch o p e r a to r s ;
o ff i c e g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ; t a b u la t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a ­
t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; an d ty p is ts , c la s s A
and B .
T h e in d u s tr ia l n u r s e d a ta a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s . M e n i n t h e f o l l o w i n g 10 s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e j o b s a n d 3 u n s k i l l e d
jo b s w e r e in c lu d e d in th e p la n t w o r k e r d a ta :
S k ille d -— c a r p e n t e r s ;
e le c tr ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ;
m e c h a n ic s ,
a u to m o tiv e ; m i l l ­
w r ig h t s ; p a in t e r s ; p ip e f it t e r s ; s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s ; a n d t o o l an d d ie
m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d - j a n i t o r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a ­
t e r i a l h a n d lin g ; a n d w a t c h m e n .

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o f th e s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s .
T he a v e ra g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e th e n m u lt ip lie d b y th e a v e r a g e o f 1953 an d
1 9 5 4 e m p lo y m e n t in th e jo b .
T h e s e w e ig h t e d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l
o c c u p a t io n s w e r e th e n t o t a le d t o o b t a in a n a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , t h e r a t i o o f t h e s e {g r o u p a g g r e g a t e s f o r a g i v e n
y e a r t o t h e a g g r e g a t e f o r t h e b a s e p e r i o d ( s u r v e y m o n t h , w i n t e r 19 52—5 3 )
w a s c o m p u t e d a n d th e r e s u l t m u lt ip lie d b v th e b a s e y e a r in d e x (1 0 0 ) to
g e t th e in d e x f o r th e g iv e n y e a r .




chan ge"

S i m i l a r p r o c e d u r e s w e r e f o l l o w e d in c o m p i l i n g " p e r c e n t s
in a r d a s n o t s u r v e y e d d u r in g 1 9 53.

of

A d ju s t m e n t s h a v e b e e n m a d e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y t o m a in t a in
c o m p a r a b ilit y s o th a t th e y e a r - t o - y e a r c o m p a r i s o n s a r e b a s e d o n th e
s a m e in d u s tr y an d o c c u p a tio n a l c o v e r a g e .
F o r e x a m p le , r a ilr o a d s
h a v e b e e n i n c l u d e d in t h e c o v e r a g e o f t h e s u r v e y s o n l y s i n c e J u l y 1 9 5 9 .
In c o m p u t i n g t h e i n d e x e s f o r t h e f i r s t y e a r in w h ic h r a i l r o a d s w e r e
in c lu d e d , d a ta r e la t in g to r a i l r o a d s w e r e e x c lu d e d . I n d e x e s f o r s u b s e ­
q u e n t y e a r s in c lu d e d a ta f o r r a i l r o a d s .

T h e i n d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y , t h e e f f e c t s o f (1 ) g e n e r a l
s a l a r y a n d w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d
b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in t h e s a m e j o b ; a n d (3 ) c h a n g e s in th e
la b o r f o r c e s u ch a s la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n
c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in t h e o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t
a ctu a l w a g e ch a n g es.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t in c r e a s e
t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n a n d r e ­
s u lt in a d r o p i n t h e a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n in t h e p r o p o r t i o n
o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s w o u ld h a v e t h e o p p o s i t e e f f e c t .
The m ovem en t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t ou t o f a n a r e a c o u ld c a u s e th e a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s t o d r o p , e v e n t h o u g h n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r
a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e lim in a t e s th e e f f e c t s
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
N o r a r e th e in d e x e s in flu e n c e d b y c h a n g e s in
s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s o r in p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , s i n c e t h e y
a r e b a s e d on p a y fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rs .

I n d e x e s f o r t h e p e r i o d 1 9 5 3 t o I 9 6 0 f o r w o r k e r s in 2 0 m a j o r
l a b o r m a r k e t s w i l l a p p e a r in B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 6 2 , W a g e s a n d R e l a t e d
B e n e f i t s , 6 0 L a b o r M a r k e t s , W in t e r 1 9 5 9 —6 0 .

4

A* Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Indianapolis, Ind. , December I960)
A v s iis i

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N u m b er
of
w orkers

W e e k ly x
h ours
(Sta n da rd)

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R 8 R E C E IV IN G S T R A I G H T -T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

W e e k ly

x

(Sta n da rd)

$
$
$
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00
and
under
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00

$
55. 00 60. 00 *65. 00

S

60. 00

65. 00

S

70. 00

75. 00

$
80. 00

<

*

85. 00

$
S
*
$
S
S
$
$
90. 00 95. 00 10 0 .0 0 105. 00 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 12 5 .0 0
and
over

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

_

11
1
10
-

33
13
20
1

24
15
9
"

21
9
12
3

31
16
15
3

39
12
27
11

23
11
12
9

_

17

8
5
3
3

_

.

_

-

-

_

17
6

16
5
11
11

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00 12 5 .0 0

Men
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

$102. 00
1 0 6 .5 0
97. 50
103. 00

_

-

9
8
1
"

10
6
4
“

10
4
6
6

-

11
4
7
4

15

24
1
23

7
6
1

24
10
14

22
12
10

15
9
6

20
5
15

11
6
5

3
_
3

4
_
4

1
_
1

9
9

4
4

6
5

10
8

2
2

1
1

3
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

95
43
52
30

39. 5
39 .5
39. 5
40. 0

87.
81.
92.
96.

00
00
50
50

C lerks, order ------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

215
54
161

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

86. 00
96. 00
83. 00

_

_

-

-

C lerks, payroll --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

37
32

40. 0
40. 0

107. 50
106. 00

-

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) --------------- ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------

42
32

38. 0
37. 0

65. 50
64. 00

-

Office boys ------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

189
60
129
28

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
0
0
0

57. 00
62. 50
54. 50
7 1 .5 0

11

Tabulating-machine operators, class A -------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

131
84
47

39. 5
40. 0
38. 5

1 0 7 .0 0
108. 50
1 0 5 .0 0

Tabulating-m achine operators, class B -------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

208
59
149

39. 0
40. 0
39. 0

89. 50
97. 50
86. 50

Tabulating-m achine operators, class C -------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------

151

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5

76. 00
9 2 . 00
71. 50

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

7 1 .5 0
75. 50
70. 50
87. 00

33

9
8
1
-

-

Clerks, accounting, class B -----------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -----------------------------------------------------

118

“

3
3
-

_

-

286
151
135
34

_

4
1
3
1

_

-

C lerks, accounting, class A -----------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------- -----------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -----------------------------------------------------

-

2

-

-

22
14
8
3

43
28
15
2

19
19
_

-

16
12
4
1

_

-

-

-

2
-

8

_

8

16

15

29
2
27

14
3
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

“

-

-

2
2

1
"

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

1
1

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

"

-

-

-

16

-

~

“
-

-

-

-

12
10

9
7

11

53
15
38
-

27
11
16
5

11
5
6

"

49
8
41
6

'

"

"

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

11
8

2
-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

7
6
1
1

18
3
15
15

6
5
1

4
1

15
9
6

5
2
3

3

7

25
9
16

49
8
41

3
3

4

-

-

-

"

~

_

_

3

6

8
1
7

40
9
31

22
2
20

12
1
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

3

6

11
1
10

_

_

3

31

16

-

-

-

-

“

3

8

6

17

_

“

_

8

3

28

-

16

"

3

-

3

4
34
3

1

10
7

9
5
4

15
12

"

18
11
7

15
4
11

12
4
8

8
5

3

7
7
~

8
8
“

3
3

1

31
'

7
7

_

3

_

-

16
13

3

17
4
13

3

3 15
13
2

6
2
4

6
5
1

6
5
1

6
3
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

“

“

Women

B ille rs, machine (billing machine) -----------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

160
33

127
49

6
-

-

6

6

7

2

2

3
2
2

7

2

2

-

-

-

6

19
4
15
1

5

6
6

"

"

15

15

4

1

1

-

_

7

18
1
17

30

24
6

2

-

18

11
11

3

7

23

15
1
14

-

2

26
1
25
5

11

3
4

15

3

3

14

12

-

-

------------------------------

51

40. 0

62. 00

_

1

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A -------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------

122
31
91

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

78. 50
90. 00
74. 50

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

4

7

B ille rs, machine (bookkeeping machine)

See footnotes at end of table.




13
7

3

1

3

25

2
-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

25
25

-

“

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

9

5
1

6
6

-

-

-

-

2

7

4

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Indianapolis, Ind. , December I960)
Avsbagb
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 *60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 85. 00 *90. 00
95. 00 fo o . 00 10 5 .0 0 110. 00 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00 1 2 5.00
W
eekly,
W
eekly
and
h
ours 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 11 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 over

W omen— Continued
30
30
2

51
51
3

59
59
14

71
8
63
6

81
19
62
20

49
27
22
1

28
11
17
2

14
4
10
4

5
4
1
"

11
9
2
-

-

00
50
50
50
00

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

2
2
2

18
4
14
2
7

81
5
76
5
22

45
6
39
15
10

62
9
53
3
18

76
13
63
11
37

40
23
17
4
8

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
4 1 .0

68. 50
76. 00
66. 00
70. 00
6 1 .0 0

35
35
33

43
2
41
25

81
13
68
2
18

81
8
73
12
18

135
30
105
29
8

133
29
104
21
34

116
24
92
15
46

60
21
39
11
14

62
17
45
25
6

194
40
154,

38. 5
40. 0
38. 5

64. 00
70. 00
62. 50

_
-

8
8

33
9
24

36
3
33

43
2
41

23
4
19

9
9
-

18
3
15

Clerks, file, class B ____________________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -----------------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------

753
67
686
87
87

39.
40.
39.
40.
40.

5
0
0
0
0

54.
67.
53.
59.
46.

00
00
00
50
00

56
1
55
4 47

186
186
13

231
12
219
24
18

130
6
124
35
3

71
9
62
16
6

44
15
29
4

17
9
8
5
"

C lerks, order --------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing _________ - __ - ____ —___________ -_________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------

228
107
121
46

40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
40. 0

63.
66.
59.
50.

00
50
50
00

12
12
12

19
6
13
13

33
20
13
13

26
13
13
3

25
12
13
-

46
17
29
3

Clerks, payroll -----------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------- ----------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------

334
189
145
48
33

40.
40.
39.
40.
39.

0
0
5
0
0

78.
82.
74.
80.
60.

50
00
00
50
50

4
4
4

1
1
-

4
4
4

12
7
5
2
3

26
8
18
3

Comptometer operators --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -----------------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------

415
128
287
70
87

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5

76.
77.
75.
86.
66.

00
50
00
50
00

2
2
2

1
1
1

29
29
1
12

30
6
24
4
16

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

69
51

38. 5
38. 5

61. 00
60. 00

1
1

12
9

5
4

Keypunch operators ---------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ____________________________ - __ ____ -____
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ------------------------------------------------------

670
212
458
100

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39. 0
40. 0

72.
79.
69.
76.

4

1
1

37
1
36
1

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B ------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------

406
89
317
52

40.
40.
40.
40.

Clerks, accounting, class A ------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -----------------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------

469
112
357
98
125

39. 5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0

83.
91.
80.
88.
79.

Clerks, accounting, class B ------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -----------------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------

878
211
667
121
210

C lerk s, file, class A ------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




0 $ 5 9 . 50
0
7 1 .0 0
0
56. 00
58. 50
5

00
00
00
50

-

-

4

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
_
-

14
11
3
_

6
3
3
_

_
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

-

49
11
38
26
10

11
8
3
1

42
5
37
27
10

13
5
8
5
-

9
9
-

-

-

-

40
30
10
4

35
13
22
6
4

30
12
18
-

20
8
12
_

6
3
3
_

1
1
_

_
_

.
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
2
5

8
4
4

7
3
4

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

-

-

-

8
5
3
3
-

4
4
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

3
3
-

-

-

-

41
20
21

9
4
5
"

7
6
1
1

3
2
1
1

1
1
“

2
2
“

_
"

2
2
-

2
2
"

72
33
39
10
17

42
21
21
9
2

25
20
5
1
"

49
36
13
9
-

21
12
9
8
-

25
13
12
2
-

22
14
8
5
-

7
7
-

6
4
2
2

40
19
21
1
17

56
27
29
7
10

23
16
7
1
6

70
7
63
2
2

67
13
54
20
13

29
14
15
1
8

17
4
13
7
-

12
8
4
1

35
10
25
25
-

3
3.

18
14

8
7

9
6

10
8

4
2

-

1
-

-

-

1
-

45
3
42
7

79
18
61
21

183
37
146
23

91
39
52
9

83
21
62
5

39
21
18
5

32
28
4
3

13
13
-

-

3
3
-

-

28
22
6

_
_

-

-

-

.
_
"

_
_
-

.
-

2
2
-

8
5
3
-

7
6
1
-

-

_

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29
3
26
26

5
5

_
-

_
_

_
_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Indianapolis, Ind. , December I960)

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

W
eekly.
W
eekly j 40 . 00
hou
rs
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45 . 00

I s . 00

l o . 00

I 5 . 00

l o . 00

50. 00

"
5 5 .0 0

~
60. 00

“
6 5 .0 0

O'**
01
0
0

Avuuob

Sex, occupation, and industry division

70. 00

75. 00

t
80. 00

I 5 . 00

9 0 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

75. 00

“
8 0 .0 0

_
85. 00

“
9 0 .0 0

*
■
■
95. 00 10 0 .0 0 105. 00 110.00

$
S
$
$
$
95. 00 1*00. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00
and
■
•
115. 00 12 0 .0 0 125. 00 over

Women— Continued
Office girls ________
Nonmanufacturing

89
72

39. 5
39. 0

$5 6. 50
53. 50

11
11

23
22

5
5

17
17

17
14

5
-

3
-

8
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39.
40 .
39.
40 .
39.

5
0
0
0
5

89.
97.
82.
94.
77.

50
50
50
50
50

-

1
1
1

9
5
4
2

19
19
3

38
6
32
6

112
33
79
9

180
37
143
7
10

205
78
127
18
13

161
71
90
16
7

126
46
80
11
10

179
62
117
61
5

123
60
63
30
4

96
57
39
25
-

76
43
33
16
4

52
30
22
16
2

43
34
9
4
-

30
27
3
3
-

5 102
102
-

964
619
345
99
34

Stenographers, general
Manufacturing ____
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
Retail trade ____

-

1 ,5 5 2
691
861
207
76

Secretaries __________________________
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Public utilities 2 _______________
Retail trade ____________________

40 .
40 .
39.
40 .
40 .

0
0
5
0
0

85.
91.
76.
89.
59.

50
00
00
50
00

1
1
1

-

14
1
13
8

52
7
45
2
9

81
30
51
1
10

89
42
47
8
2

57
28
29
8
2

113
80
33
6
-

65
54
11
3
"

111
86
25
9
2

86
49
37
33
-

75
53
22
10
"

62
41
21
12
-

52
48
4
4
-

37
32
5
2
-

26
26

22
22

_
_

21
20
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2

1
-

3
-

2
-

6
3

13
12

2
2

9
8

4
4

1
1

2
2

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

25
2
23

21
5
16

12
5
7

19
18
1

8
6
2

11
7
4
2
-

26
15
11
8
-

17
2
15
15
-

10
9
1
1
-

6
6

3
3

.

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

15

7
4
3
3
"

_

1
1

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
.

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l _________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________________

46
33

40 . 0
40. 0

82. 50
87. 50

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ____________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________________

249
79
170
26
31

40 . 5
40 . 0
40 . 5
40 . 0
4 0 .0

63.
82.
54.
90.
54.

50
00
50
00
00

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ____________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________________

316
97
219
39
61

40.
40.
40 .
40 .
41.

64.
65.
63.
72.
61.

00
00
50
00
00

0
0
0
0
0

"

-

62

18

-

-

662

18

11
1
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

4

8

10

3

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

99
28
71
2
20

55
20
35
8

44
14
30
10
11

45
14
31
19
12

25
10
15

-

24
5
19
8

-

15
5

-

2

-

-

-

_
_

_

1
1

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B

______

32

40 . 0

80. 00

-

_

-

1

2

5

7

3

8

1

_

_

1

1

1

1

1

_

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C

______

33

40 . 0

64. 00

_

_

20

1

1

!

2

_

1

1

3

2

1

.

.

.

.

.

T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l __
M a n u f a c t u r in g
__________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________

309
62
247

38. 5
39. 5
38. 0

63. 50
67. 00
63. 00

_
-

7

56
2
54

48
12
36

74
15
59

49
12
37

24
9
15

26
6
20

15
2
13

4
1
3

1
1
-

1
1
-

4
1
3

_

_

.

.

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A ________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ____________________ ________

556
327
229
36

39.
40 .
38.
40.

5
0
5
0

75.
81.
67.
77.

50
00
50
00

-

-

-

57
18
39

70
29
41

82
35
47

100
45
55

46
29
17

14
10
4

50
38
12

42
41
1

25
22
3

9
9

-

-

17
7
10
-

44
44

-

-

3

-

1,0 6 3
241
822
43
96

39.
39.
39.
40 .
41.

0
5
0
0
0

58.
65.
56.
65.
55.

50
50
50
50
00

19

90

310
23
287

277
59
218

3

_
-

Typists, class B _____
Manufacturing_____
Nonmanufacturing__
Public utilities 2 .
Retail trad e_____

1
2
3
4
5
4

-

7

-

-

4

19

8
6

-

-

1
1

23

2

17

-

2

4
1 0
0
5
1

9

141
45
96
14

19

8

4

49
5

1
2

8

4

2

72
23
49

24

8

3

4

1

7
7
-

1
0
8

-

2

1
0

8

16

1
0
1
0
-

2

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows: 7 at $ 125 to $ 130; 1 at $ 130 to $ 135; 3 at $ 135 to $ 140; 4 at $ 140 and over.
Includes 8 workers at $35 to $40.
Workers were distributed as follows: 31 at $ 125 to $ 130; 33 at $ 130 to $ 135; 23 at $ 135 to $ 140; 15 at $ 140 and over.
Includes 12 workers at $ 20 to $ 25; 6 at $ 25 to $ 30; 12 at $ 30 to $ 35; 10 at $ 35 to $40.




3
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

_
-

_
_
_

_
-

-

7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Indianapolis, Ind. , December I960)
Avbraqb

Sex, occupation, and industry division

at

workers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

9
9
9
9
9
9
1
9
$
$
$
$
9
$
$
$
9
9
9
9
$
9
6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 00 95.00 100 .00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00
Weekly
Weekly
earnings!
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
65. 00 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.001165.00 over

Draftsmen, leader

36

41. 0

Draftsmen, senior
Manufacturing

341
314

4 0 .0
40. 0

125.00
126.00

Draftsmen, junior ------------------------------Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

139
112
27

40 . 5
4 0 .0
4 3 .0

95.00
97.00
86.50

Nurses, industrial (registered)
Manufacturing ----------------------

112
99

4 0 .0
40. 0

100.00
103.00

7

$125.50

1

1

3

4

4

4

8

3

11
11

1

1
-

1
-

1

2

1
1

4
4

6
5

25
25

24
19

29
29

27
27

30
2g

52
46

26
20

22
22

9
7

15
15

12
12

7
7

.

2
2

14
11
3

19
17
2

22
16
6

18
13
5

13
7
6

10
9
1

4
1
3

1

2
2

8
8

9
9

5
5

4
4

2
2

6
6

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

8
7

5
2

6
5

4
4

18
16

14
13

21
21

8
8

1
1

2
2

1

1
1

-

2
—

4
r~

1

16
16

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




1

4
4

32
32

8
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Indianapolis, Ind. , December I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation and industry division

$
$
A
verage
hou j Under 1. 50
rly
1. 60
earnin
gs
and
$
under
1 .5 0
1. 60
1. 70
$ 2 .8 3
2. 97
2. 56

_

_

-

-

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1. 90

$
2 . 00

$
2 . 10

$
2 . 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$ ,
2 . 60

$
2 .7 0

$
2 . 80

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3. 10

$
3. 20

$
3. 30

$
3 .4 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2 . 60

2 .7 0

2 . 80

2 .9 0

3. 00

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3. 50

6
6

_

_

-

-

_
-

9
4
5

8
8

11
6
5

$
3 .5 0
and
over

3. 10

3. 20

-

8
6
2

5
3
2

9
5
4

9
5
4

6
6
"

12
11
1

11
6
5

33
33
-

26
13
13

12
12
-

2
1
1

2
2

24
16
8
8

9
9
-

94
94
-

11
11
-

7
7
-

_

C arpenters, maintenance ______________________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------

169
113
56

E lectrician s, maintenance ------ ---------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------- ----------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------Public u tilitie s 2 _______ _____ _________

542
479
63
39

2.
3.
2.
2.

97
02
56
87

-

_
-

12
12

5
5
-

-

2
1
1
1

4
2
2
1

3
3
-

14
12
2
1

2
1
1
-

8
5
3
2

23
23
-

38
29
9
8

26
26
'

53
51
2
-

59
50
9
8

-

148
137
11
10

-

-

-

E ngineers, stationary __________________________
Manufacturing _____ ________ ______________

212
189

2 .8 5
2 . 89

-

-

1
-

2
“

9
9

-

4
"

2
2

1
"

-

3
-

22
22

14
10

23
21

18
18

33
33

15
11

33
31

15
15

12
12

1
1

4
4

F irem en , stationary boiler
------------------Manufacturing _______________________ _ -----IN
d
.
g

187
155
32

2 . 18
2. 25
1.8 1

3 24
9
15

-

23
22
1

-

7
7

12
12

7
6
1

22
18
4

10
7
3

9
9

11
7
4

27
23
4

7
7

2
2

4
4

_
-

11
11

_
-

11
11

_
-

_
-

_
-

H elpers, trades, maintenance ________________
___________ _
Manufacturing ______ ______
Nonmanufacturing ----------- ------- ----- --------Public u tilitie s 2 --------------- ---------------------

163
114
49
36

2. 31
2. 36
2 . 18
2 .4 1

1
1
-

10
10
-

-

1
1
1

2
1
1
-

10
4
6
6

8
7
1
-

41
34
7
7

11
10
1
1

7
5
2
2

10
10
-

12
12
-

38
23
15
15

8
8
-

4
4
4

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

------------------

1, 069

3. 18

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

5

1

7

24

39

43

52

53

91

624

118

6

_

M achinists, maintenance ---------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------- ---------- __
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------- -----

470
* 1?
36
36

28
9
19
19

1
1
-

25
14
11
11

19
19
-

38
38
-

89
89
-

30
30
-

16
10
6
6

196
11
T95~ -----'ll '
-

25
25
-

_
-

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) ----------Manufacturing _ _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ ________ __ ______
Public u tilitie s2 _____________ _____ __ _

487
149
338
277

-

-

M echanics, maintenance ______________
Manufacturing _____________ _________________

M achine-tool operators, toolroom

3.
3.
2.
2.

07
11
62
62

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
5
-

16
10
6
-

8
8
-

16
16
-

!

1.

1
-

20
14
6
6

24
23
1
1

12
9
3
2

18
1
17
17

19
19
3

11
4
7
2

8
7
1
-

212
10
202
172

72
6
66
66

26
17
9
8

16
16
-

-

-

454
420

2 . 89
2 .9 6

-

5

-

-

5
2

1
1

19
1

6
6

9
9

3
3

13
13

15
15

13
13

101
93

28
28

59
59

20
20

19
19

31
31

98
98

Millwrights _____
___ ________________________
Manufacturing ____________________ __ _____

291
282

3. 02
3. 03

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

149
130

2 .4 1
2 .4 3

-

-

O ilers ---------- --------------- ------- ----__ — Manufacturing ------------------- --------------------------

-

3
3

_

-

-

_

-

“

3
2

_

-

7
7

_

Painters, maintenance ------------------ ------------- _
Manufacturing ^----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------- -------------------------- __

177
114
63

2 .5 1
2. 74
2 . 11

14
4 14

5
5

_
"

11
1
10

5
5
-

P ipefitters, maintenance __________ __________
Manufacturing _______________________ ___ __

272
265

2 .9 9
3. 00

_

_

-

.

-

-

33

2 .4 8

_

.

6

88
88

3. 09
3 .0 9

787
786

3. 16
3. 16

P lum bers, maintenance _______________

_______

Sheet-m etal w orkers, maintenance -------------Manufacturing __ -------------- — ---------Tool and die m akers __ ------------------------ __
Manufacturing _________ — __ __ ---------------

1
2
3
4
5

2. 67
41
2. 78
2 . 82

-

_

_
"

_

-

10
10

25
7

3
2

24
24

6
6

22
22

13
13

12
12

26
18

108
108

74
74

14
14

52
52

18
18

5
5

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

11
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

8
3
5

4
4

8
8
-

5
5

9
7
2

8
7
1

10
8
2

15
15
-

11
10
1

11
7
4

6
6

36
36
-

5
3
2

_
-

1
1

1
-

-

-

-

4
4

-

18
16

5
5

11
11

54
54

33
29

79
79

49
49

2
2

_

-

2
1

_

-

12
12

-

“

3
3

"

-

_

.

-

1

4

5

-

2

6

3

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

1
1
_

_
3
3

_

8
8

4
4

22
22

1
1

24
24

15
15

11
11

2
2

55
_

17
17

20
19

39
39

42
42

60
60

100
100

6
6

104
104

45
45

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

■

_

“

”

-

"

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows: 9 at $ 1 .1 0 to $ 1 .2 0 ; 10 at $ 1 .2 0 to $1.3 0 ; 5 at $ 1 .3 0 to $ 1 .4 0 .
Workers were distributed as follows; 2 at $ 1 .2 0 to $ 1 .3 0 ; 12 at $ 1 .4 0 to $ 1 .5 0 .
All workers were at $ 3 .8 0 to $ 3 .9 0 .




6
3
3 ------ g

41
41

-

-

1

-

311
2
311 ------ 1

9
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Indianapolis, Ind. , D ecem ber I960)

Occupation1 and industry division

Elevator operators, passenger
(men) -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------

N ber
um
of
w ers
ork

$

Average

V . 50 0 . 60
0
earnin 2 and
gs
under
. 70
. 60

NUMBER O WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
F
5
$
$
$
$
$
S
S
s
i5
S
$
j
s
$
$
$
$
$
0. 70 *0 . 80 V 90 si. 00 1. 10 1 .2 0 1. 30 1. 40 " l . 50 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1.9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 90 3. 00
. 80

1. 00

. 90

1. 10

1. 30

1. 20

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

1. 70

1 .8 0
i
i
1

51
50

$ 1 .2 1
1 . 18

6
6

6
6

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

19
19

8
8

-

135
135
41

.91
.91
1 .1 0

22
22

18
18

10
10
-

10
10
-

2
2

42
42
22

13
13
13

-

11
11
6

664
489
32

2 . 20
2 .4 5
2 . 61

_
-

-

_
-

7
-

_
-

-

75
-

19
-

11
-

2, 410
1, 431
979

1 .7 2
1 .9 8
1. 34

43
43

15
15

75
75

18
18

3
3

Ill
30
81

77
5
72

224
66
158

207
58
149

380

1 .2 4

35

7

3

6

3

36

53

48

86

364
101
263
65

1 .4 2
2 . 06
1 .1 7
1 .0 7

6
6
-

-

5
5

-

6
6
-

104
104
43

57
2
55
18

16
1
15

29
29

“

20
20
4

2 . 11
2 . 09
2. 14
2 . 62
1 .5 0

_

_

12

5

-

-

-

12

5

48
48

45

-

8
8

45

73
37
36

116
64
52

206
159
47

-----------------------------------

3, 093
1, 680
1, 413
677
390

-

-

8

12

-

48

45

31

38

Order fille r s ------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Retail trade -----------------------------------

1, 190
449
741
185

1 .9 7
2 . 09
1 .8 9
1 .9 9

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

17
17
17

13
13
4

58
5
53
22

42
11
31
4

Packers, shipping (men) ----------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------

596
497
99

1.9 8
2 . 09
1 .4 3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

17
10
7

17
' 17

24
5
19

P ackers, shipping (women) -----------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Retail trade -----------------------------------

144
80
76

1.2 7
1. 19
1. 18

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

60
35
35

16
11
11

7
7
6

20
15
14

Receiving clerks

140
88
52
25

2.
2.
2.
2.

"

------------------------------

191
124
67

2. 34
2 . 49
2 . 06

Shipping and receiving clerks -------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------

210
94

2. 37
2. 24

i

2. 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2. 30

2. 40 2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2 . 80

2. 90

-

-

-

-

-

-

3. 00

and
over

-

-

-

7
7

-

1.9 0

Elevator operators, passenger
(women) -------------------------------------------------Retail trade

_______________________

Guards ____________________________________
Manufacturing -------------------------------------

Janitors, p orters, and cleaners
(men) -----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Rafail traHp

_

_

-

8
8

-

-

17
6

2
-

11
-

18
14

3
1

13

120
53
67
4
41

66
27
39
7

102
53
49
12
14

141
97
44
5
1

185
134
51
43

18
5
13

13
13
-

102
27
75

142
67
75

75
42
33

28

30

40

24

15

2

63
7
56
9

57
7
50
5

42
42
3

48
12
36
3

50
10
40
3

131
26
105
-

47
25
22

46
35
11

28
22
6

34
25
9

29
29
"

34
31
3

40
39
1

34
33
1

13
8
7

3
3
2

1
1
1

24

1

-

-

1

4

4

5

9

1
“

1
1

4
4

4

5
2

9

22
22
-

3

_

1

1

17

1

-

1

1

17

1

1
1

11
11

10
7

10
10

.

19

-

"

-

i !
i

-

-

1

-

-

64
63

44
44

26
26

23
17
6

34
26
8

35
35

147
147

63
47
16

48
46

3
3

221
196
25
3
22

171
146
25
11
6

95
53
42
42

76
57
19
19

289
285
4

140
140
-

21
21
_

5
5
_

1
1
_

3
3
_

1
1
_

_
_
_

17
14
3

7
7
-

5
1
4

8
6
2

6
6

43
43

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

117
81
36

169
74
95

135
125
10
1

335
203
132
131
1

533
313
220
69
51

319
317
2

36
36
-

9
9
-

122
5
117
117

341
4
337

4
4
-

14
14
-

9

127
99
28
22
6

2

-

-

-

-

-

233
213
20

47
40
7

81
71
10

188
6
182
39

61

31
31

6
6

61
58

22
4
18
18

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

79
79

117
117

17
17

12
12

2
2

6
5
1
1

10
3
7
3

3
3

-

-

5
3
2
2

20
20

"

31
23
8
3

31
16
15

12
11
1

34
21
13

28
18
10

4
1
3

4
2
2

25
25
-

7
1

10
3

_

27
27

17
16

98
3

3
2

9
6

13!

.

1
1

l

1
Janitors, p orters, and cleaners
(women) -------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------- Nonmanufacturing --------------------------- 1Retail trade -------------------------------Lab orers, m aterial handling --------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Retail trade

-------------------------------------

Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Retail trade _______________________
Shipping clerks

---------------------------------------

Nonmanufacturing

See footnotes at end of table.




28
35
16
33

-

I
-

-

-

_

.

"

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

j

4
3 !
1

3
|

-

~

-

-

_ _

_

-

-

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

3

7

9

3
2

7
7

-

-

-

-

3

5

9

13

-

-

-

-

4
4

3
3

_

-

10
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Indianapolis, Ind. , December I960)

Occupation 1 and industry division

N ber
um

o
f

w ers
ork

Truckdrivers4 ______ __ __ „ __ -----Manufacturing ___ ___
_ _ __ _
Nonmanufacturing _ __ ____ __ _
Public utilities 3 _____________ _
Retail trade ____________________

2,812
665
2, 147
681
777

Truckdrivers, light (under
lVz tons) ___ ______________
Manufacturing ______ __ __ __ _
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____ _
Retail trade _________________

5 . $
A
verage S
hou 2 0. 50 0. 60 0. 70
rly
earn gs
in

0. 80 0 .9 0

.80

. 90 1 . 00

1 . 10

under
. 60

315
81
234
111

$ 2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

35
27
37
77
16

1. 90
2 .0 0
1 . 86
1.89

. 70

$
S
s
1 . 00 1 . 10 1 . 20
1 . 20

F—
NUMBER O WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS O
F
S
S
!$
$
$
$
S
8
5 , S

1
.

30 1.40

1. 30 1.40

9

9

8

36

-

6

-

-

9

91

8

36

39
3
36

-

6

-

"

9

9

8

36

36

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

20

19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

20
20

19
19

6

1. 50 1 . 60 1. 70

1. 50 1 . 60 1. 70 1 . 80

—r
53

1,351
310
1,041
195
392

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type) ___
___ __ __ ___
Nonmanufacturing --------- -------- _
Public utilities 3 ____________

815
730
382

Truckers, power (forklift) ___ _______
Manufacturing ________ ________ _
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____ __ _

695
583
112

2. 35
2. 34
2. 36

1
4

__ _

__ _
_ _
__

2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

21
20
22
68
89

7~
T

172
2. 27
' 2;39 ~
-------95
2. 17
76
2. 27
159
93
66
33

1.43
1. 54
1. 27
1. 23

-

6

-

9

-

-

"

6

-

-

52
12
40

87
87

110
110

28
15
13

23

54

7

3

62

11
11
2

"

273
185
88

24

31
6
25

17
17
-

53
16
37
9

33
3
30

3
3
3

18
18

-

-

2. 20 2. 30 2.40

2. 20 2. 30 2.40

40
17
23

_

_

_

_

6

16
^ -

-

22

23

19
9
10

-

16

171
120
51

48

-

6

34
4
30

23

-

9

20
3
17

22

-

9

48

83

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

9

6

16

17

22

22

23

45

7

-

48

-

6

-

36
36

_

9

3

_

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

3

■

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

40
40
"

27
12
15

23
23
"

-

-

12

6

3

-

-

12

6

-

4
4

1

-

-

"

3
3
"

-

-

-

3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
6

21
3
18
12

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




1. 90 2. 00 2. 10

45
4
41

47
4
22

2. 63
2. 69
2. 82

Watchmen ____ _ ______
__ __
Manufacturing ______ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing ___________
Retail trade ________ __ __

$

1. 90 2 . 00 2. 10

S
s
$
$
2. 50 2. 60 2.70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00
and

$

2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 over

&
9

3

143
20
123
1
26

281
31
250
57
172

225
6
219
2

245
196
49
10

465
135
330
1
263

10
5
5
2
"

618
6
6 12
612
-

1
1
-

9
8
1
1

9
4
5
5

61
11
50
49

5
5
-

11
10
1

7
1
6

-

6
6

-

-

-

190

143

-

2

-

1

-

23
6
4
2
-

I

Truckdrivers, medium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 tons) _________________
Manufacturing _ ___
____ _
Nonmahufacturing _____ __
Public utilities3 _
__ _
Retail trade _____ __ ____ _

Truckers, power (other than
forklift) ________
______ _ _ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing __ __ ____
Public utilities3 _ ._ _
_ _

1 . 80

14
7
7
2

30
15
15
9

23
16
7
5

11
9
2
1

11
10
1
1

4
4
2

12
11
1

4
3
1
1

4
4
-

83

118
1
117

62

14
7
7
3
1

21

171
1
170
49
12 1

9
9

4
4

-

2
2

-

190

66
47
19

174
114
60

7
4
3

-

-

-

-

143
143

2

1

-

-

-

-

2

23
23

44
11

264
264
1

2
2
2

375
375
375

-

8
4
4

4

-

-

-

2
-

27
24
3

61
18
43

269
231
38

93
93
-

5
5
"

4

_
“

_
-

6
60
38
9
9 ------ T ------ T — IT
1
54
21
1
54
21

14
14

15
15

-

4
4

-

2
2

-

-

2
2

-

2

_

2

2

-

2

58
58
-

2
2
-

46
46
"

13
13
-

26
20
6

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

11

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestsblishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s jo b descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes in applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and in voices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May a lso keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work inciden­
tal to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine,
are cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller , machine (billing machine) — U ses a specia l billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies
of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller , machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger
record. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a num­
ber of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to
be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated re­
ports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or section s
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic
bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, pay­
roll, custom ers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing
described under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense d is­
tribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a ss is t in prep­
aration of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the a c­
counting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or a c­
countant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a
complete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an e s ­
tablishment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and

12

C LE R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

balancing subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receiv­
able or accounts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouch­
ers with proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and ex­
perience in making proper assignations and allocations. May
assist in preparing, adjusting, and closin g journal entries; may
direct cla ss B accounting clerks.
C la s s B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers. This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in o ffice s in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

C LE R K , P A Y R O L L

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distrib­
uting pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOM ETER O P E R A T O R

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE O P E R A TO R (MIMEOGRAPH OR D ITTO )

C LE R K , FILE
C la s s A —

R esponsible for maintaining an established filing
system. C la ssifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the file s. May perform incidental clerical duties.
C la s s B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been cla ssified , or locates or a ssists in locating ma­
terial in the file s. May perform incidental clerica l duties.

C LE R K , ORDER

R eceives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve an y com bin ation o f th e
fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled. May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sib ilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjust­
ments such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is
not required to prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used
stencils or Ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed
material.

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine. May keep files of punch
cards. May verify own work or work of others.

O FFICE BOY OR GIRL

Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

13

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IST

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidental
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or therecorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May pre­
pare special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may
type or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE

STENOGRAPHER, GEN ERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May a lso set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. D o e s n ot in clu d e tr a n sc r ib in g
machine work ( s e e transcribing-machine operator).

p osi­
also
This
time

OPERATOR

Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in ad d ition ,
operate auxiliary machines.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O P E R A T O R , G EN ERAL
STENOGRAPHER, TECH N ICAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. D o e s n ot in clu d e tran scribing -

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type
from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing
dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such
as legal briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar
machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

machine work.

SWITCHBOARD O P ER A TO R
T Y P IS T

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to
persons who ca ll in* or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.




Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make o^j bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping
simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and distributing
incoming mail.

14

T Y P I S T — Continued

T Y P I S T — Continued

C lass A — Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form from very rough and involved draft; copying
from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent and varied
use of technical and unusual words or from foreign-language copy;
combining material from several sources, or planning layout of
complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance

in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in final form. May type
routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
C lass B — Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing from
relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance
p o licie s, e tc., setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PR O FESSIO N A L AND TEC H N ICA L
D R A FT S M A N , JU N IO R

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
D R A FT S M A N , L E A D E R

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the follow ing: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
D R A FT SM A N , S E N IO R

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cro s s-s e ctio n s , e tc ., to sc^le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those
involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;




D R A FT SM A N , S E N IO R — Continued

writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications!. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L ( R E G IS T E R E D )

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combiner
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

TRA CER

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

15
MAINTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f engineers in establishm ents
employing more than one engineer are excluded .




H E L P E R , T R A D E S , M A IN T E N A N C E

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O LR O O M

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety ot pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le ct proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
M A CH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

16

M A CH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

M IL LW R IG H T — Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T EN A N C E)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
M EC H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M IL LW R IG H T

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




O IL E R

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating sy ste m s are exclu ded .

17

T O O L AND D IE M A K E R

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C USTO DIAL AND M A TERIA L MOVEMENT
E L E V A T O R O P ER A TO R , PA SSEN GER

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering .

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice , apartment house, or commercial




L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

18

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G — Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen , who load and unload sh ips are excluded.

O RD ER F IL L E R

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, custoraets*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

T R U C K D R IV E R

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various tvpes of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places o f business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow ing: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssifie d by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 ton s)
Truckdriver, heavy ( over 4 tons, trailer typ e)
Truckdriver, h eavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer typ e)

T R U C K E R , P O W ER

b oxes or crates are excluded.

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV I N G C L E R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work in v o lv es: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means o f transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. R eceivin g work in v o lv e s: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1961 O - 584628







Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—Port Arthur, T ex .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285* * Boston, M ass.— Bull. 1285-15
Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285-31
Burlington, V t.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W. V a.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.— Bull. 1285* * Cleveland, O h io -B u ll. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285* * Dallas, Tex.— Bull. 1285-21
* * Davenport—Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285*
Denver, C olo.— Bull. 1285-27
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285*
Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285**F ort Worth, T ex.— Bull. 1285-23

*G reen Bay, W is.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T e x .-— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285-28
Jackson, M i s s .— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F ia .— Bull. 1285- 30
^ K a n sa s City, M o .-K a n s .— Bull. 1 28 5 -1 8
Lawrence—Haverhill, M a ss.—N .H .— Bull. 1285* * L i t t l e Rock—North Little Rock, A rk .— Bull. 1 2 8 5 -6
L os A n ge les—Long Beach, C a lif.— Bull. 1285L o u isv ille, K y .—Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, T e x .— Bull. 1285* Manchester, N .H .— B ull. 1285-1
Memphis, T en n .— Bull. 1285Miami, F la .— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, W is.— Bull. 1285M inneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, M ich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N .J .— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport N ew s—
Hampton, V a .-— Bull. 1285Oklahoma C ity, O k la.— Bull. 1 28 5 -3
* * O m a h a , Nebr.—Iowa— Bull. 1 2 8 5 -1 3
Paterson—Clifton—P a ssa ic , N .J .— Bull. 1285^ ^ P h ila d elp h ia, P a .— Bull. 1 2 8 5 -2 4
Phoenix, A r iz .— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285^Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285-19
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285**R aleigh , N .C.— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285-26
Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285* * S t. Louis, Mo.-111.— Bull. 1285-10
Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285-32
San Antonio, T ex.— Bull. 1285^San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
C a lif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285**Scranton, P a.— Bull. 1285-8
**Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
#3}e*Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285"
Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285-25
* * Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a .— Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285"
* Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
**W ichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
**Wilmington, D el.—
N.J.— Bull. 1285- 12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, P a.— Bull. 1285-

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