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Occupational Wage Survey

HOUSTON, TE X A S
JUNE 1960

Bu letin No. 1265-56




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O f LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C lagu t, Commisaonar




Occupational Wage Survey




HOUSTON, TEXAS
JUNE 1960

B u lle tin No. 1265-56
A u gu st I9 60

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For_ sol# by ft* Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C. - Price j25i cents




Preface

The Com m unity Wage Survey P rogram
The B ureau of Labor S tatistics regu larly conducts
areaw ide wage su rveys in a number of im portant industrial
cen ters. The stu d ies, m ade from late fall to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplem entary
b en efits. A p relim inary report is available on com pletion
of the study in each area, usually in the month follow ing
the payroll period studied. T his bulletin provides additional
data not included in the ea rlier report. A consolidated
an alytical bulletin sum m arizing the re su lts of a ll of the
yearJs su rveys is issu ed after com pletion of the final area
b u lletin for the current round of su rveys.
T his report w as prepared in the Bureau*s regional
office in Atlanta, Ga. , by Donald C ruse, under the d ir e c ­
tion of L ouis B. W oytych, R egional Wage and Industrial
R elations A nalyst.




Contents

Introduction _____________________________________________________________
Tables:
1 . E stab lish m en ts and w ork ers w ithin scope of survey __________
A: O ccupational earnings:*
A - 1. O ffice occupations _______________________________________
A -2. P ro fessio n a l and tech n ical occupations _________________
A -3. M aintenance and pow erplant occupations _______________
A -4. C ustodial and m a terial m ovem ent occupations _________
B: E stablishm en t p ra ctices and supplem entary wage
p rovisions:*
B - l. Shift d ifferen tia ls ________________________________________
B -2 . M inimum entrance sa la r ie s for w om en office
w orkers __________________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly h o u r s __________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays _____________________________________________
B -5 . Paid v a c a tio n s ____________________________________________
B -6 . Health, insu ran ce, and pension plans ___________________
Appendix: O ccupational d escrip tion s __________________________________

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations for m ost of th ese item s are
available in the H ouston area report for January 1952, as
w ell as in sim ila r rep orts for the other m ajor a r ea s. A
d irectory indicating date of study and the p rice of the r e ­
ports, is available upon req u est.
A current report on occupational earnings and sup­
plem entary wage p ra ctices in the Houston area is a lso
available for the m ach inery in d u stries (M arch I960). Union
sc a le s, indicative of p revailing pay le v e ls, are also availa­
ble for the follow ing trad es or industries: B uilding con­
struction, printing, lo c a l-tr a n sit operating em p lo yees, and
m otortruck d riv ers and h elp ers.

iii

Page
1
2
4
7
8
9
11
12
12
13
14
16
17




O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e

S u r v e y — H o u s to n , T e x .

Introduction

This area is one of sev er a l im portant industrial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L a b o r s B ureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a sis. In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of Bureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
w ithin six broad industry divisions: M anufacturing; tran sp orta tio n ,1
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; finance, in su ran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu dies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and extractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted a lso because
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because of the
u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying a ll estab lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
based on the estab lish m en ts studied are p resented, th erefore, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sification is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
p resented (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice cle r ic a l; (b) p ro fession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and powerplant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w ork ers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational c la ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and
1 R ailroads, form erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies,
have been added in n early a ll of the areas to be studied during the
w inter of 1959-60; railroad s w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
y ear. F or scope of survey in this area, se e footnote to "transporta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.




late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonu ses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occupations, referen ce is
to the work sched ules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for th ese
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are p resented sep arately
for selected occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and wom en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (1) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the se x e s among
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ssifie d within
the sam e survey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this b asis.
L onger average serv ic e of m en would re su lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed w ithin the sam e rate range. Job
descrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen era lized than those used in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
pe rform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of-estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m ateria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.
E stablishm en t P r a c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary ben efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w ork ers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lea d m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
execu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and fo rce-acco u n t con stru ction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded .
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
tries, but are included as plant w ork ers in nonm anufacturing ind u stries.

2

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d ie d in H o u s t o n ,

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

— __ __ -------------------------

__ __ _____

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope o f
s tu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T o t a l4

O ffice

P la n t

T o ta l4

— _
_

51

848

213

1 78 , 100

33, 100

1 11, 800

9 6, 3 60

M a n u fa c t u r in g -------- — __ — — __ --------------- ------- — ' — —
-------- __ __ — — —
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _ — __ __ -------------- „
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r
p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 8
_____ _____ _________ . . __ -------------- —
W h o l e s a le t r a d e __________________________ _ _____ „ __ -------R e t a i l t r a d e ------------------------------------------ ------------ -------------- --------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ___________________________
S e r v i c e s 7 __________ _____ _________ _____ _____ — — ----------

51
51

270
578

69
144

7 4, 9 0 0
1 0 3 , 200

8, 8 0 0
2 4, 300

51, 500
6 0 , 300

40, 650
5 5, 7 1 0

51
51
51
51
51

100
146
171
77
84

32
38
37
18
19

8, 0 0 0
6 ,4 0 0
2, 7 0 0

16, 600
8, 6 0 0
2 5, 800

2 3,
8,
16,
4,
2,

A ll d iv is io n s

______

T e x . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J u n e I 9 6 0

31,
18,
32,
10,
10,

100
300
800
300
7 00

(‘ )
( 6)

(* )
( 6)

180
760
870
0 70
830

1 T h e H o u s t o n M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a ( H a r r i s C o u n t y ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s i t i o n
o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d i n t h is s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r
l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d an d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m
th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r e d i t io n (u s e d in th e
B u r e a u * s la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e (w h o l e s a l e o r
r e t a il ) t o m a n u fa c t u r in g , a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o t h e t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
8 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
4 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s in s u f f i c i e n t t o j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e
p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a t a .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; an d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




3

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
ments* excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p loyer. Separate estim a tes are provided
according to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of
annual earnings w as con sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w e ek 's pay.

Data are p resen ted for a ll health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo yer,
excepting only leg a l requirem ents such as w orkm en1s com p ensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m ercia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t asid e for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is lim ited- to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s w hich require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with b en efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sick -lea v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absence from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord ing to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accid en t insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
show n of w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r or both types of b e n e fit s .
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to a s t extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans which are design ed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n ess and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italization , m ed ica l, and su rgical plans.
M edical insuran ce re fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d o c to rs1 fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insurance com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
self-in su r ed . Tabulations of retirem en t pen sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er's life .

2 An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al provision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (first sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of w om en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t w as con sid ered as having a form al plan if
it estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick lea ve that
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sick -lea v e allow an ces, determ in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift d ifferential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is p resented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t policy, 2 p resented in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctice, p resented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sification "other11 was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a d ifferential was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resented on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in suran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are c o v e r e d .3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
com b ines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , H ou ston , T e x . , June I960)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average

*45.

o
o

00
W
eekly
W
eekly *35.00 4 0 .0 0
hours1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.0 0 4 5 .0 0 50. 00

o
o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

%

%5. 00

$
S
$
70. 00 7 5. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 00 95.00 100 .00 105.00 110 .00 115.00 1 2 0 .00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
60. 00 65.00 70. 00 75. 00 80.00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 110 .00 115.00 120 .00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

*55. 00 1 0 .0 0

!
Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ____________
M an u factu rin g________
______ ___
N onm anufacturing_______ ___________
Public u tilities 2 _____________ _____
W holesale trade _______ - __________

634
145
489

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ____________
M an u factu rin g________________________
N onm anufacturing_________________ __
P ublic utilities 2 ______________ __

310

268

146
88
222

148

4 0 .0 $103.50
4 0 .0
103.00
4 0 .0
103.50
102.50
40. 0
104.00
40. 0

_
-

_
-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

83.00
83.50
83.00
85.00

_

_

"

-

4 0 .0
3 9.5
40. 5
40. 5

8 8 .0 0

89.00
87.50

40. 5
40. 5
40. 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
1

8
1

9
9

7
7

3
3
3

21
1
20

2

2

-

-

2
2

.
-

11

n

-

2

11
11

9
9
-

"

22

51
19
32
25
4

35
5
30

140
38

5

16

6

9
5
4
4

3
3

-

4
4
-

-

_
-

-

14
7
7
7

4

4
4
-

“

_
-

_
-

5
5
5

5
1
1

22
20
11

5
4
4

_
-

7
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
3

11
2

6

21
2

7
7

2
2

6

3

14
7
7
-

4

17
17
16

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

17
17

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

8

_

-

2

_

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

~

-

-

28
13
15
7

71
34
37
20

12

18
13
5
5

28 .
5
23
23

44
19
25
25

3
3
3

3
-

2
2

-

4
4

20

4

76

11
11

16

15

21

3
13

2

-

10

13
7

21
21

28

14
1

15
9

-

13
13

6
6

1
1

10

17
17
17
_
-

7

11
22
12

9

8

19

8
1
1

-

10

2
2

8

9
9

1
1
1

_
-

5
5
5

11

3
3

3
3
3

98
27

29
26
17

5
-

1
1
1

1

1

"

-------~
1

4
-

-

-

-

-

3
3

4
4

6
6

2
1

25
17

30
28
-

12
10

8

11
8

2

1
1

7

8

36
26
5
3

-

10

1

5

_

18

23
23
20

_
-

_
-

_
-

103.50
103.50
102.50

_
-

_
-

1

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

53.50
503
55.50

_
-

20

-

11

63
63'
26

40. 0
3 9.5

112 .00
106 .00

-

-

-

-

-

64

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B ______________________________ __
N onm anufacturing____________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________ ______
W holesale trade __________________

167
136
28
50

4 0 .0
40. 5
40. 0
4 1 .0

9 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13
-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s C _________________________________
N onm anufacturing__________ ________

80
70

39. 5
39. 5

81.00
81.0b

-

-

-

1

1

6

9

12
11

6
6

2
1

12
12

3
3

8

63.50
56.50
55.00
57! oO

_

-

2
2

23
23
13

30
25

21
12

11

23
23

5
5
3

-

_

8

-

-

6

-

2

8

14

10

-

1

6

34

45
34

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
13

22
6
1

-

7

1
.
- 1

C lerk s, o r d e r ___________________________
M anufacturin g_________________ ____
N onm anufacturing____________ _______
W holesale trade ----------------------------

213
87
126

C lerk s, p a y r o l l __________________________
N onm anufacturing------------------------------P ublic utilities 2 __________________

108
72

O ffice b o y s __________ _____________ __ _
N onm anufacturing____________________
P ublic u tilities 2 __ _______________
Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s A -----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing_________________ __

100

61

298
202
68

112

8 8 .0 0

89751)
9 8 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

23

*
71
64

12

"

1

l

8

6

------ 5“
l

3

6
22

4

2

6

35
12

10

44
27
14

102
22

18
4
14
7

26
8

67
17
50
12
8

33

-

54

19
4
15
9
-

10
2
8

3
19
19
-

55
24
31

67
4
63
47

19
19
19
-

-

i

3

16
14
3
11

lb

1

—

6

r

1

1
1

12

23

2

i

2
2

1

3
3
-

23
1
22

16

6

2

*

-

-

13

2
2

2
11

-

9
2

1
1

5

Women
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ------N onm anufacturing_________ ________
a U A UlHlUC 5
.D 1C
—-------—__
R etail t r a d e _______________________

144
99
32
51

40.
40.
40.
40!

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) ________________ _____________

102

4 0 .0
40. 0

56.50
54.50

40. 5
40. 5
40. 5

78.50
75.50
78.00

85
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s A ------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing------------------------------W holesale trade __________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




162

114
51

5
5
0
5

7

----- 6— -----34“

9

3
2

6

-

-

15

11

10

-

-

3

18
18

18
18

38
27

32
26

10

-

6

10

8

7
1

11

2
2

3

3 ,

i

5
Table A-l. Office Ocftipations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division. Houston, T ex. , June I960)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OP

Avebaok
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of

%

S
$
$
S
$
S
S
$
$
$
$
S
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly } W
eekly t 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70.00 75. 00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)
and
"
•
■
■
40. 00 45. 00 50.00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70.00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 13 jj.OO 140.00 over

-

W omen— Continued
Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s B --------------------------------------- M anufacturing
__
----------------- — _
Nonmanufacturing ------ __ ------- -----W holesale trade --------------------------Retail trade ------ ---------------------- _

460
68
392
59
65

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

5
0
5
5
0

$62.
63.
62.
65.
61.

50
50
50
50
50

-

2
2
-

30
11
19
4

33
1
32
12
2

89
8
81
8
26

169
14
155
25
4

64
5
59
27

20
7
13
-

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss A ---------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________ _______
Pu blic utilities 2 — ------------ -----W holesale trade __
----------- -----Retail trade ______________________

483
149
334
80
83
51

40.
40.
40.
40.
41.
41.

0
0
5
0
0
5

86.
92.
83.
93.
85.
76.

50
00
50
50
50
50

-

-

-

-

15
15
4
2

21
21
6
4
8

37
3
34
13
4

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B —
------ M anufacturing ______________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------P ublic u t ilit ie s 2 — ----------------- W holesale trade _________________
R etail trade ---------------------------------

826
204
622
148
163
135

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 5

67. 50
72. 00
66.00
69. 50
71.00
64. 00

"

13
5
8
2

41
3
38
8
4
2

89
14
75
2
22
12

112
22
90
19
8
26

141
19
122
14
36
47

C lerk s, file , c la s s A
— ___________ M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Pu blic utilities 2 _____ ____ ____
W holesale trade ________ _______

242
50
192
33
50

40.
39.
40.
40.
40.

0
5
0
0
0

63.
73.
61.
67.
65.

50
00
00
50
00

_
-

.
-

57
57
12

16
3
13
4

29
29
8

C lerk s, file , cla ss B ____ — ____ ____
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Pu blic utilities 2 --------------------------W holesale trade ____________ ____

435
391
48
51

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

53.
53.
70.
59.

50
00
50
00

8
8
-

68
65
1
2

131
131
1
10

93
75
10
12

C lerk s, o rd e r --------- --------- _ -----------M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------W holesale trade _________________

126
51
75
52

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
69. 50
7 4.00
0
5
66. 50
5 | 69.00

_
-

2
2

4
4

C lerk s, p ayroll ----------------_
----- M anufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public utilities 2 _________ _ — ------------- ------- — R etail trade

321
113
208
92
59

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
5

80.
83.
78.
81.
70.

50
50
50
50
00

_
-

_
-

C om ptom eter op erators ----------- — — M anufacturing ------ ----- _ ------ —
Nonmanufacturing _______ — ----------Pu blic utilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade —
---- ----------R etail trade --------------------- -

376
59
317
79
73
147

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
0
0

67. 50
67.00
68. 00
76. 50
67.00
64. 00

_
-

D uplicating-m ach ine operators
(M im eograph o r Ditto) _ __ ------- -----Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

66
52

40. 0
40. 0

56. 50
53.00

-

41
17
24
7
2

4
3
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

7
7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
15
21
4
6

71
21
50
5
12
7

40
8
32
2
1
12

60
15
45
19
8

61
36
25
1
10
1

53
8
45
12
30
1

41
19
22
13
5
-

25
10
15
9
4
2

6
3
3
3
-

4
4
-

6
2
4
4
-

1
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

4
4
-

1
1
-

105
26
79
38
10
16

87
47
40
11
2
18

91
22
69
39
10
2

80
9
71
11
55
4

18
5
13
2
5
6

24
19
5
2
3
-

10
5
5
1
4
-

3
1
2
1
1
-

1
1
-

3
3
3
-

2
2
-

_
-

6
6
-

-

_
-

.
-

49
14
35
20
7

34
14
20
5
6

16
3
13
3
1

9
2
7
1
3

8
4
4
3
1

4
4
2

6
6
3

12
10
2
2

_
"

1
1
1

1
1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

47
36
5
10

34
23
4
-

9
9
7
2

20
19
6
13

_
-

14
14
3
2

_
-

_
-

8
8
8
-

1
1
1
-

2
2
2

_
. -

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
10
9

2
2
2

24
1
23
19

37
23
14
8

22
14
8
8

9
3
6
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

5
5
"

_
-

_
"

_
-

“

6
6
6

_
-

■

_
-

"

_
■

1
1
1

8
8
6
2

22
9
13
7
6

31
6
25
17
5

37
14
23
6
14

35
14
21
6
7

35
8
27
8
13

45
13
32
8
10

23
21
2
1
1

29
3
26
6
-

10
9
1
1
-

12
12
9
-

9
4
5
5
-

9
2
7
7
*

2
2
-

7
6
l
l
-

5
1
4
4
-

1
1
-

-

_
-

1
1
1

28
1
27
8
12
7

38
9
29
7
7
15

47
5
42
1
7
28

66
9
57
9
14
29

62
21
41
6
3
29

23
23
2
8
12

33
7
26
5
8
13

36
2
34
17
3
11

9
3
6
4
2

21
21
17
4
"

2
1
1
1
-

4
4
1
3

5
1
4
4
-

_
-

1
1
1
-

_
-

_
■

_
■

_
-

_
■

~

7
7

32
32

11
9

9
2

2
2

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

*

'
See footnotes at end o f table,




1

1

-

6

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, T e x ., June I960)
Avbbaob
Number
S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

at
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

*

$

S
$
s
•
t
S
»
$
S
$
$
$
S
S
$
»
$
$
Weekly
35. 00 4 0 .0 0 4 5. 00 5 0. 00 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5. 00 9 0 . 00 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .00 1 05 .00 110 .00 1 15.00 1 20 .00 125 .00 130 .00 135 .00 140 .00
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) uand
and
n d er
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5. 00 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0. 00 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .00 1 10 .00 115 .00 120 .00 125 .00 130 .00 1 35 .00 140 .00 o v e r

1

W o m e n — C on tin u ed

i

K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------- —
M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _ — -----------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------------------

623
163
460
159
154

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0

$ 7 3 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
71. 00
7 6 .0 0
74. 00

_
-

.
-

-

O ffic e g i r l s ----------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------------------------

106
75
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 2. 00
5 0 .5 0
5 2 .5 0

_
-

S e c r e t a r ie s ------------------------------------------ —
------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------—-------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------------R e t a il tr a d e ------------------------------------

2, 123
762
1, 361
285
369
119

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0. 0
4 0 .5

8 8 .5 0
93. 00
8 6 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
9 2 . 00
7 9. 50

S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------- -----------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------

1, 609
447
1, 162
499
367
52

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
4 0. 0
4 0 .0

7 6. 50
8 2. 00
7 4. 00
77. 00
7 7. 50
6 6 .5 0

-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n ic a l - __________ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------

102
89

4 0. 0
40. 0

91. 00
90. 00

_
-

-

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________ __ —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------- —
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 __________________
P o f q■|
!

350
96
254
50
60

40. 5
40. 0
4 1 .0
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

6 8 .5 0
77. 00
6 5. 00
77. 00
5 3. 50

10
10
10

46
46
4

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ----M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------

392
175
217
32
86

40. 5
40. 0
40. 5
40. 0
4 0 .5 |

6 5. 50
6 9 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
6 1. 00
6 s ! 00

-

4
4

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l -------- ------------------------------- -------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------

214
52
162

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5

6 5. 00
6 8. 50
6 4. 00

-

-

-

-

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ---------------- -------- — —
M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ------ ------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------------------

754
191
563
128
151

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 7.
7 1.
6 5.
6 7.
6 8.

00
00
50
00
00

_
-

3
3
-

-

-

2

T y p is t s , c l a s s B ------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------- -------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------------------------

743
98
645
112

40.
40.
40.
40.

5 8.
56.
5 8.
5 9.

00
50
50
00

_

3
1
2

102
9
93

r»

T ii V 1 n tiliti a e ^
D \1
"\ T » I ooo I o tra/1 o
AVa

0
0
0
0

-

12
12
1
2

37
3
34
9
5

69
12
57
17
14

74
16
58
9
13

98
10
88
32
35

52
15
37
12
9

32
32
7

26
19
7

22
12
1

13
7
7

1

-

11
5
3

_
_

_
-

-

-

4
4
1
2
1

25
25
2
4
3

17
17
6
6

68
13
55
5
11
6

_
-

-

5
2
3
2
1

76
8
68
6
8
7

81
12
69
16
16
7

_

_

_
-

15
15
7
22
5
17

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

23
18
5
3
2

3
1
2
1
1
-

7
2
5
4
_

8
7
1
1
_

30
26
4
4
_

-

-

!

71
15
56
5
51

55
4
51
50
1

24
19
5
4
1

14
14
-

-

-

-

.

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

160
16
144
24
33
9

153
91
62
10
12
10

249
73
176
37
19
11

277
92
185
38
30
31

223
82
141
29
40
8

262
87
175
41
56
23

223
80
143
44
58
5

112
51
61
15
10
1

109
61
48
15
10
5

59
43
16
4
1
-

111
19
92
7
74

191
19
172
64
47
2

253
82
171
83
28
18

106
28
78
52
7
3

235
66
169
85
51
6

178
52
126
75
27
5

267
47
220
39
177
3

68
32
36
33
-

37
16
21
18
3

24
8
16
15
1

76
68
8
8
-

8
7
1
1
-

2
2

2
2

2
2

9
9

12
12

12
12

13
10

6
4

7
5

3
3

30
24

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
4

19
7
12
1
11

28
15
13
2
11

36
7
29
6
4

36
7
29
9

41
16
25
6
3

27
2
25
9

12
1
11
3
1

26
24
2
2

29
2
27
2

12
2
10
10

10
10
-

_
- i

1
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

40
22
18

72
22
50
15
24

90
23
67
11
24

48
27
21
6
11

33
17
16

37
29
8

11
8
3

18
6
12

7
6
1

7
7

3
3

-

-

-

1

■

16

5

2

2

1

2
2

20
20

38
4
34

58
11
47

47
26
21

20
2
18

22
5
17

1
1

3
3

_
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1
2
- i
2 i

12
12

48
6
42
5
16

133
6
127
37
26

158
26
132
19
34

168
59
109
19
27

84
43
41
18
10

60
17
43
19
11

41
14
27
4
7

13
10
3
3
-

13
9
4
3
1

72
5
67
30

42
13
29
16

73
3
70
3

35
2
33
4

6

1

_

6

1

-

1

|
!

17

192
28
164
18

216
37 !
179
23

9

i

------ _

:
i
i

21 |
1 i
20 !
1
1
17
i
1
- 1
i
i

-

:

-

i

-

4
4 !
4
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

"

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
-

-

-

,

_
-

_ 1
- i
-

!

-

1

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

i

_

_

_

_

_

" I

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

'

_
-

-

!
_

1_______
_

Sta nda rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




_
-

27
11
16
2
2

1

11
10 |
1
1

_

79
34
45
17
21

|

"
'

7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , H ou s ton , T e x . , June I960)
Avkbaob
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of

workers

Weekly.

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

%

hours

$ 1 3 5 .0 0
131.00

_

(Standard)

%

s

%

t.

$
$
$
$
S
S
S
$
$
$
S
*
$
$
$
*
6 5 .0 0 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0. 00 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5.0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145 .00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00
and
and
$
6 5. 00 u n d er
7 0. 00 7 5. 00 8 0 .0 0 85. 00 90. 00 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120 .00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 o v e r

Weekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

M en
_

_

118
85

40. 0
40. 0

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r
----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
----- — — -------- — N on m a n u fa c tu rin g
-------------------- _ P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 —
----- — — -

771
457
314
224

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

109.00
108.00
110.00
110.00

.
■

7
7
“

„
-

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r _____
__ ------------- _
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----- ----- _ _ _ _ _ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------ -------- — — P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 -----------------------------

351
249
102
69

40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

8 1 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

8
5
3
3

46
36
10
10

49
45
4
3

74
58

40. 0
40. 0

102.00
106.00

_

_

4
4

_

_

"

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r -----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------

-

15
15
-

43
35
8
“

57
37
20
16

88
63
25
24

59
41
18
18

7
3

_

"

~

4
4

12
n

_

3
3

1

_

9
6

5
“

17
16

23
22

16
12

2
“

13
7

7
”

1
1

5
3

60
36
24
15

63
41
22
18

84
48
36
32

88
39
49
44

101
68
33
28

56
27
29
21

52
30
22
18

47
23
24
8

31
18
13
13

40
20
20
11

3
3
“

3
3
“

9
2
7
-

1
1
“

_

11
11
-

36
20
16
9

6
6
-

15
14
1

18
6
12

6
6
-

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

7
6
1
1

-

'

13
1
12
1

1
1

4
3

10
9

9
8

2
2

6
5

7
7

1
1

7
6

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

Women
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d )
-----------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------- -------- ------------- -

9

2

6
6

1 S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




8

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , H ou ston , T e x . , June I96 0 )
NUM BER OF W ORKERS R E CEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN INGS OF—

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
Is
$
|
$
$
s
$
S
$
$
Average
1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1 .9 0 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 .6 0 2. 7 $ j 2. 80 2 .9 0 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0 3. 50 3.
hourly U nder 1. 30 1 .4 0
earnings * $
and
1. 30 u n d er
1 .4 0 1. 50 1 .6 0 1. 70 1 .8 0 1. 90 2 .0 0 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 j 2 .9 0 3. 00 i 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3.
!
i
14 ! 11
7
3 i 12
33
8 !
17
8 ,
6
6
75
$ 2 .9 4
146
17
11
1
19
6
2
- 1
1 ;
5 ;
7
6
6
3 !
17 !
75 j 146
7
8 1
6
1
3 .0 9
2
2
2
8
11
7
6
28
5 1 12
4
6
2. 53
10
11
"
- i
~
-

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ----------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------

402
290
112

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce ----------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------- ——____________

624
488

3 .0 0
3. 13

_

_

8 '

_

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y ---------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------ — --------

296
82
214
57

2 .4 5
2 .6 3
2. 38
2 .5 7

3
3

-

_
-

_
-

29
29
-

20
20
-

5
5
-

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce ------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------- --------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------------------

870
709
161
74
55

2. 37
2 .4 8
1 .8 9
2. 25
1 .6 2

8
3
5
5

21
21
-

23
23
23

29
18
11
8

24
15
9
6

32
16
16
15

M a c h i n e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s ,
t o o lr o o m - _____- _- ______________________ M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------

195
191

2. 77
2 .7 7

691
434

2. 92
3 .0 4

_

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e
(m a in te n a n ce ) ----------------- ------ ------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------?iiK1i r n filitioQ ^
W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------------------

559
195
364
282
60

2. 39
2. 61
2 .2 7
2. 20
2 ! 51

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

-

’

-

-

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce -----------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
------------- ------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________

1, 135
883
252

2 .8 0
2. 90
2 .4 6

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

151
151

3. 21
3. 21

182
182

2. 31
2. 31

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce

-----------------------

8

M illw r ig h t s

________________—_____________
8

O il e r s
--------- — ----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ----- -------- — —
M a n u fa ctu r in g
------------- —------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g — — — ------- __

367
273
94

2 .8 4
3. 11
2 .0 6

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ----------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________ - ____________

6 24
6 24

3
2

33
!
33

16

.

155
137

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

3
3

3

2
2

-

16
3 16

1
1

_
-

3
3

_

12
12

-

_

16
16
-

_

63
6
57
52
5

83
5
78
78

7
7

7
7

1
1
3
3

-

2 .9 7
2 .9 8

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 8 at $ 1 to $ 1. 10; 8 at $ 1. 10 to $ 1. 20.




over

and

-

-

-

27
27

5
5

_
-

12
12

20
9
11 |
3

24 I
15
9
7

9
9
-

_
-

_
-

17
17

_
-

8
4
4
2

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

10
10

74
73

71
71

153
145

10
10

66
23
43
29
4

21
5
• 16
15

1
1

40
28
12

38
38
-

3
3
-

_
—
- 1
-

_
r~
-

-

12

-

-

-

76
71
5

52
16
36

120
118
2

209
205
4

209
202
7

26
26
-

_
-

30
30

_

120
120

_

_

8
3
5

91
91
"

144
136
8

13
6
7

_
-

18
18

224
224

362
362

19
19

5
5

11
11

23
23

30
30

62
54

6
6

_

18
18

88
1

15
12

17 i
17 i

16
4

3
3
-

30
30
16

11
4
7
7

14
1
13
5

11
1
10
2

9 '
2 !
7
5

4
4
-

8
8
-

27
21
6
6

128
98
30
28

139
137
2
2

32
8
24
24

45
45
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

188
181
7
3
4

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

7
7

2

_

_

_

259
46

7

30
1
29
23
6
78
77
1

34
12
22
14
2

49
39
10

4
4
-

2

_
-

41
31
10

_

_

-

-

15
15

7
5

5
5

7

12
12
12
12

_

-

23
2
21

’

32
26
6
1
5

16

"

25
13
12

75
70
5

166
8
158

24
24

78
78
12
12
-

34
34
_
-

5

3
3
4
1
3

3
3
1
1
*

13
13
3
3

32
32

84
80

71
71

16
4
12
8

12
9
3

-

10
4
6
-

7
7

112
112

2
2

32
28

103
103

35 !
35 :

40

54
1
53
49
4

12
2
10
6
4

11
3
8

6
2
4

7

_
13
10
3

21
18
3
3
!
i
22 '
22 !

18
18

4 i

37

16
16

7
6
1

_

1
1

8
8

_
“

8
8

_
■

_

_
-

20
13

124
108

-

-

-

25

_

5

_
-

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

_

_

_

1
1

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

4
4

1
, 3 j.
1
I
3 1

3. 25
3. 25

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ------------- ------ -------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------

70

89
89

12
12

5

-

1
i
69
69

s
3. 70

1
1

13 !
5 !
i

18
18

-

-

6
6

3. 21
3. 21

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s ,
m a in te n a n ce ;_______________ —---------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------- --------------------

60

33
30

"

!

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

.

.

_

-

■

-

9
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , H o u s to n , T e x . , June I960)
N UM BER OF WORKERS RE CE IVIN G STR AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARN ING S OF—

*

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
U nder 0 .7 0 $ .8 0 0 .9 0 1 .0 0 1 . 10 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1 .4 0 $ 50 1 .6 0 1 .7 0
0
1.
and
$
0. 70 und er
.9 0 1 .0 0 1 . 10 1 . 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1 . 60 1 .7 0 1 . 80
.8 0

$ 1 .0 0
i . oqT

"

26
26

84
84

30
30

118
113

3
3

316

2. 17
2. 53
1 .3 5

_
-

.

_
-

_
-

8

-

-

8

2. 852
825
2, 027
188
185
513

1 .3 5
1 .7 5

14
14
-

49
49
-

93
93
-

711
39
672

1 .4 5

45
45
-

1 66
1 .2 1

9

14

3

24

1, 339
67
1, 272
76
83

1 .0 8
1. 50
1 .0 5
1. 39

87
87

24
24

-

75
75

778
25
753

15

22
21

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 _________________ —
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
R e t a il t r a d e ---------------------------------------

3, 410
1, 245
2, 165
836
837
4 92

1 .4 9
1. 53
1 .4 7
1 .6 3
1. 50
1. 14

O r d e r f i l l e r s ----------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------- -----N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________

775
118
657
494

1 .7 1
1 .7 0
1. 71
1 .7 2

G u a rd s
----------------------------------,-----------------M a n u fa c t u r in g __________ ______________ N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------

R e t a il t r a d e ---------------------------------------

221
95

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(w om en ) ------------------------------------------- -------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------- ----- ------- — ,
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------P n K lir n filit i aq ^

92
P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g _________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------- ---------48“

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s __________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
W)in1
R e t a il tr a d e
________________________

2

1 .0 1

1. 35
1 .4 5

2 . 10 $2 .2 0

s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 . 60 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3. 00 3. 10
and

2 . 20 2. 30 2 .4 0

2. 50

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

17
17

8

44
44

-

24

21

4
4

8‘
1

1
1

2
2

-

7

-

-

3
9
- —
3
1

27
27

3

9
5
4

354
58
296
28

280
81
199

53
36
17
-

3

33
27

40
40

22

8

2

63 158
47 ^ 8 5 “
73
16
10 !
4 1 72

75
75
-

8
11

106
36
70
49

45
90

143
87
56
35
5

32
30

16

442
70
372
19
90

129

123

2

4

15

228
228
5
24

22
6

26
-

1
1

10

8
8

21
8

16

26

-

10
10

-

13
13

292

376
231
145

11

125
92

91
43

309
115
194
157
35

168

37
173
125
37

351
263

12

327
109
218
140
49
29

2 10

63
229

11

2

35
26
27

29

12

59
4
55
53

50
33
17
17

123
16
107
30

78
50

13
5

_

13
— r

23
16

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3. 10 o v e r

15
13

12

5
4

5
-

8
2
6

1

5

32
7
25
14

65
17
48

6

1

2

8

39

12

20

8
4
4

20
18
14
4

-

-

8

2
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

"

676
134
542
124
150
268

_

11

-

-

-

-

-

11

_

-

9

29
27

12
12

_

12

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

16
- ------- 6~

107'
62
45

21
11
2

-

18

88

88
10

1 .9 3

.

2 . 19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

3

50

1 .7 8
1 .8 5
1 .7 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

3
3
*

10

19

6

8
2
2

16
3
-

6
2

16
10
6
5
13

33

13
7

9
5

2 12

12 2
2 12
114
98
59

1 .9 5
1 .9 4
1 .9 5
1 .9 8

S hipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ----------------M a n u fa c t u r in g _____ _____________ ,______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e -------------------------------

250
n r
150
86

2 .0 2
2. 17
1 .9 2
1 .9 6




2 . 00 2 . 10

$

-

m ~

327
—

1.2 0

S hipping c l e r k s ____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------- ----------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e -------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .

2 .0 0

i

277
272

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(m en ) ------------- -------------------------------------- _
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -------------------------------

$

$1 .9 0

o
O'

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w om en ) _______________________ ___________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------

Average
hourly
earnings

o
00

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

3

3

-------4"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

7

_

_

10

16

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

10
9

16

24

2

1
2

-

-

2

1
1

8
3
5
5

13
13

"

"

-

"

-

-

-

38
38

17
17

73
73

18
18

_
-

"

51
51

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
6
- — 5 "1

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

47
13
34

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

175

20
18

2
2

74
18
56
56
-

I ll
5
106
106
-

41

60

_
_

_
_
-

_
_
_

_

_

-

1
1

19
15
4

3
5
-

1

2

115
73
42
-

103
33
70
63

65

6

15

4

1

10

-

-

-

20

185
5
180
180

6
6

5
5

4
4

1
1

6
6

7
7

42

22

31

8

12

30

18
5
13

2

7
15
3

12

8
1

4

28

15
5
10
10

31
31
10

5
5
4

28
13
15
11

12
2
10
1

3
2
1

30

8

-

65

1

*

4

193
65
128
127

50
118
7
94
17

46
38

3
3
-

6
2

-

2

-

-

-

8
1

2
11
8
8
2
41
6
35
33

_
-

6

2

22

-

2
2

7
15
7

8
15
7
8
8

17
7
10
8

3

11
2
9

17
13
4

-

3

7
7

15
15

-

39
39
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

7

10

1

-

7
3
3

-

6

24

2

_

.

-

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

5

2

2
1
1

— 5

1

-

-

-

4
4
-

3

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

6

5
4
l
-

5
5

2

_

8

2

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

9
-------6“
3

-

-

2
4
4
_
-

19
10
9
8

-----

4

\

-----

-

-

-

1

.

-

-

l
1

T

------

-

10

1

1
-

3
3

1
*1

7
7
-

10

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , H ou ston , T e x . , June I96 0 )
N U M BER OF WORKERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN ING S OF—

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
S
$
S
s
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Avenge
* 1 . 00 1 . 10 1 . 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 .2 0 2. 30 2. 40 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3. 10
90
hourly U n der 0. 70 0 . 80 0 .
earnings2 $
and
and
0 .7 0 u n d er
. 80
.9 0 1 . 00 1 . 10 1 . 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1 . 60 1. 70 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2. 70 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3. 10 o v e r

T r u c k d r i v e r s 4 -----------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g --------- ------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ---------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------

2, 585
542
2, 043
821
674
504

$ 1 .9 2
1 .7 4
1 .9 7
2 .5 1
1 .5 5

_

_

2

1 .6 6

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
l* /z to n s ) ---------- -----------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------R e ta il t.rarfp

544
162
382
115
228

1 .5 3

- ;
- i
- |

.

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to
and in clu d in g 4 to n s) _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ----------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------R e t a il t r a d e -------------------------------

1, 409
243

1 .6 6
1 .4 8
1 .3 5
1 .4 8

1 .9 5

1 , 166

1 .6 8
2 . 01

619
381
156

2 .4 9
1 .4 2
1 .5 7

533
76
457
152

2 . 16
1 .6 0
2. 25
1 Q"3

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k lif t ) _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g --------- -------- -------WVtnl p q s I p

551
384
167
103

2. 14
2. 36
1 .6 5
1 .6 0

W a tch m e n ____________ ____________________
Mannfa rh ir i ng
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------PnKli r
^

244

1. 30
1 .4 8
1. 14
1 . 11

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s ,
t r a i l e r ty p e) ---------------- ------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________

2

112

8

66

145
38

34
78
35
42

59

154
30
124
58

2

-

2
2

-

-

-

_

-

2
-

203

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

195

2

146

100

88

46
5
37
4

4
45
37

40

86

66

10

8

49
18
31

32
13
19

34
52
13
38

7
59
24
31

90

162

20
70
40
30

-

162

2
131
19

23

10
4

66

-

28
14
14

40
26

170
74
96
70
16

119
28
91
55
33

145
27
118

62
16
46
31

24

82
9
73
67

5
88

20

18

91
59
32
5
27

3

6

-

11

-

-6

27
27

14
14

23
-

2

38
50
39

12
12
2
7
72

21
9
82

88

11

137
5
132
3
124
5

91
42
49
_
42

6

6

18
70
58

-

6

92
24

12 0
11

68
2
1
65

109
54
_
55

74
5
69
62

1
5

1

30

13

16

5

11

6

11

_

1

19

7

5

1

1

12

5 I

59
31
28
_
28

27
18
9
-

1

287
5
-

_
-

5
3

12
12

2

-

92
92
85
7

294
9
285
280
5

127
_
127
126

304

12
292

34
34
_
_
_

12
1

13

6

1

_
_

3
3 —
_
_

r
_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

_

1

_
_
.

_
_
-

_

1

_
_
_

3
3
_
_
_

6
6

2
2-

_
- -_

_
_

_

1

_

_

5

7

338
16
322
296
24

1

1

4

1

15
5

64

64
38
26

10
-

64
54

10

10

17

42
7
35

18
18 -

124

2

52

49

5

-

124
124

2

52
-

49

5

26

2

55
18
37
28

12
12

19
19

3
-3

54
54

-8

92
92
85
7
-

-

7
3
_
4

1
8

55

66

-

-4
62
62
_

55
54
-

1

2
2

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

1

i

111
133
50

-

1
I

-

5

-

5

-

5

19

12

4

46
40

40

5

19
19

12
6

-4

6
6

32

1

27
17

2

1
1

10
7

2

13
13
-

6
-

1

-

.

1

-

|

8
-

12

8

12

114
34
80
36

20
12
-8
6

4

2
15
15

-

"
- |

1 D ata lim it e d to rtien w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la t e s h ift s .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




141
53

8
4

15

9

-

-

15

26
26

2
2

.11
10
1

6

8
4

2
2

_-

-

-

5

165

5

165

6
6

118
109
9

_

45
45

-

-

2
2

6

--

21
21

2

1

_
_

-

-

-

-

4
70
70

_
-

-

-

_
- _

_
-

-

-

1

-2

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

11

Table B-1. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g pla n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a vin g fo r m a l p r o v is i o n s f o r sh ift w o r k , and in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
a c t u a lly o p e r a t in g la te s h ifts b y ty p e and a m ou n t o f d iff e r e n t ia l, H ou ston , T e x . , June I960)
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a vin g fo r m a l
p r o v is i o n s 1 f o r —

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s a c t u a lly
o p e r a t in g —

Shift d iff e r e n t ia l
S e c o n d sh ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift w o r k

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

T o t a l _____________________________________________________

8 4 .9

73. 8

17. 2

8. 4

W ith sh ift p a y d iff e r e n t ia l

___________________________

82. 3

73. 8

16. 1

8 .4

U n ifo r m ce n t s (p e r h ou r) _________________________

8 1 .4

7 2 .9

1 5 .7

8. 2

4
5
6
7

ce n t s ___________________________________________
c e n t s ____________ ________ __________________
c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------c e n t s ___________________________________________
c e n t s _________________________________________
8 c e n t s ___________________________________________
9 ce n t s ___________________________________________
10 c e n t s __________________________________________
12 c e n t s __________________________________________
121/* c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------------13 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------I 3 V 3 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------14 ce n t s _ ________________________________________
16 c e n t s ___________________________________________
18 c e n t s ___________________________________________

3 .6
7. 1
8. 1
8 .9
1. 1
2 9 .7
12. 3
6. 0
2. 3
1 .0
.6
.8
-

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ________________________________

.9

.9

.4

. 1

______________ _______________
-------------------------------------------

.9
_

_

.4

_

N o sh ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________________________

2. 6

-

l lU

5 p e r c e n t _______
p e r c e n t ------

l l /z

1
I n clu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s ,
th ou g h th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .

2 .6
2 .4
1 .9
2. 1
2 .8
6. 1
24. 1
3. 1
.7
1 .4
20. 5
5. 2

. 3
.6
2. 1
2. 6
. 3
5 .7
1 .9
.9
. 3
.4
. 2
.3
-

. 3
. 1
.6
. 1
.4
2 .7
.5
-

-

. 3
2. 6
.7

. 1

.9
1 .0

and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith fo r m a l p r o v is i o n s c o v e r i n g la te s h ifts e v e n

12
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
(D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , H ou ston , T e x . , Ju n e I9 6 0 )
In e x p e rie n ce d ty p is ts

M in im u m w e e k l y s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

O t h e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

AH
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

M a n u fa c t u r in g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f—

AH
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f—
AH
s c h e d u le s

40

46

------------------------------- ------------- ---------------------- —

213

69

XXX

1 44

XXX

213

69

XXX

1 44

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m -- ------------------------- —
$ 3 7 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 4 0 . 0 0 ------ -------------- — — -------- — ----$ 4 0 . 00 an d u n d e r $ 4 2 . 5 0 ____________ _________ _____________
$ 4 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 4 5 . 0 0 ________________________________________
$ 4 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 7 . 5 0 __________________________________ _____
$ 4 7 . 5 0 and u n d e r $ 5 0 . 00 ------------------------------- --------------- ----------- —
$ 5 0 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 5 2 . 5 0 ________________________________________
$ 5 2 . 50 an d u n d e r $ 5 5 . 0 0 _ ------------------------------- -------------- ——
$ 5 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 5 7 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------$ 5 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 0 . 00 ___________________ — -------------- —
$ 6 0 . 00 an d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ---------------------------------------------------------- —
$ 6 2 . 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 00 ------------------------ ------------------------- ----$ 6 5 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------$ 6 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 00 ________________________________________
$ 7 0 . 00 an d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 _______________________________ _______
O v e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 .....................................................................................................
E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m
------------------------- —
E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s in
t h is c a t e g o r y ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

55
6
5
8
6
7
5
7
2
2
1
2
2
2
18

17
1
1

16
1
1
2
4
1
2

38
6
4
7
6
4
5
3
1
1

32
6
2
6
6
3
4
2
1

28
4
.1
1
5
1
5
1
3
1

27
4
1
1

56
1
10
5
21
2
5
5
5
1

50
1
10
3
19
2
4
5
4
1

-

-

1
X XX

84
1
14
6
22
2
10
6
10
2
3
1
3
1
1
2
38

1
2
17

140

47

X XX

91

24

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

-

3
4
1
2
-

-

2
2
1
-

2
2
1
-

5

XXX

1
13

XXX

93

-

1

-

4
1
5
1
3
1
3
1
2

3

-

-

1
-

XXX

1
21

XXX

XXX

67

X XX

i ______________
_
1
2
3

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d f o r h i r in g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
R a t e s a p p l ic a b l e t o m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r t h e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e I9 6 0 )

O FF IC E W ORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o rk e rs

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 7 V 2 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------- -----------------------------O v e r 3 7 V 2 an d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s _________________
40 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 40 and u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s
44 h ou rs
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 4 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s
_________________ _
_
4 8 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------ _
O v e r 48 h o u r s

1
2
3

4

All
industries

P L A N T W O RK ERS

M anufacturing

Public
u tilities2

W holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

4
1
86
3
3
1

1

<!>

-

85
6
7

2
-

"

.
-

98

2
-

1
(4 )

1
4
87
4
4
(4 )

Finance

Services

_
2
83
4
10

-

1

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e and s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




AH ,
industries'*
100
(4 )

M anufacturing

Public ,
utilities *

W holesale
trade

R etail trade

100

100

100

100

1

1

_

_

_

..

3

87
2

88
6

6
7
5
3

7
2
1

68
6
16
2
1
7

55
2
20
6
10
7

n

75

-

_

1
(4 )
4

Services

13
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e I 9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o rk e rs

All
industries 1

--------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s ____ __ ___________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s ------------ ------------------------------- _

Public
utilities2

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

Services

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

i

Public ,
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

99

98

99

91

96

94

90

84

(4 )

9

4

6

10

16

3
13
67

3
8

1
5
1
1
21
1

2
20
2

4
17
44
2

Services

12
6
53

(4 )

(4 )

(4 )

2

7
1
1
28
5

5
1
15
3

1
14
25
5

N um ber o f d a y s

L e s s th a n 5 h o l id a y s ____________________________ _
5 h o l id a y s
-------------------------------------------------------------5 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y __ — — -------- -----5 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------6 h o l id a y s __ „
-------- -------- __ -----------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ---------------------- ----------7 h o l id a y s ___________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------------8 h o l id a y s -------------------------------- ----------------------------9 h o l id a y s __________ _____________________________
10 h o l id a y s
-------------------------------------------------------------

1
10
(4 )

(4 )

34
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
5
21

34

8

26
-

30
21
25
-

14
3
-

”

(4 )
(4 )
31
1
(4 )
26
2
19
(4 )

“

(4 )
3

-

-

-

-

42
12
16

“

-

43
2

34
33
-

33
33
67
68
90
90
96
96
96
96

-

-

8
13
2

10
2
-

“

"

~

16
28
70
72
93
93
94
94

2
15
15
24
25
69
69

2
2

'

T ota l h o l id a y

tim e 5

10 d a y s — ----------------------------------------------------------------9 o r m o r e d a y s ------------------------------------------------------8 o r m o r e d a y s ----------- ----------------------------------------7 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------7 o r m o r e d a y s ----------- -------- -----------------------------6
o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------6 or m ore days
-------- -------- ------------------- ---------o r m o r e d a y s ----- ----------------------------------------5 o r m o r e d a y s ------------------------------------------------------4 or m ore days
-------- -------- -----------------------------3 or m ore days
---------------------------------------------------1 o r m o r e d a y s —--------------------------------------------------- -

l !z
5 l !z

3
3
25
30
51
54
88
89

99
99
99
99

26
26
59
64
93
93

99
99
99
99

-

25
46
76
79
94
95

'

99
99
99
99

2
46
46
53
58
84
84
98
98
98
98

3
3
17
17
84
84
97
97
97

99

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
9 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , an d s o o n .
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e th en c u m u la te d .




(4 )
19
21
48
48
80
80

88
88
88

91

-

13
13
66
66

94

86
86
86

72
72
72

94

90

84

r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s in c l u d e s t h o s e w it h 7 f u l l d a y s and

14
Table B-5. Pgid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e I9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A ll w o r k e r s

--------------------------------------------------------------

PLANT WORKERS

All
j
industries

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

95
92
1
1

4 99
97
2
-

496
96
-

97
97
-

89
82
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

1

4

3

11

3
12
( 5)
( 5)

5
5

_

3
8

14

-

-

■

-

1
60

1
56

4
63

-

-

-

31

40

21

1
26

4
45
1
38

Finance

Services

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s -------------- -------- ---------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ____________________________
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t — --------------------------------------O th er
_____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s __________________________________

-

( 5)

'

'

'

_

1
16

27

-

-

■

( 5)

-

Amount of vacation p a y 6
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w eek
___ _____________ __________________
1 w eek
----------------------------------------- -------- ----------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------- ----------2 w e e k s ______________________ _________ ___________

2
31
3
( 5)

5
31
-

26
9
1

_

-

32
( 5)
3

_

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------1 w eek
___________________________ __________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w eeks
_____ __________ _____ _____________ —

.
30
( 5)
70

.

_

.

.

37

44

15

66

-

-

-

-

63

56

85

34

!

.

68
1
24

77
1
20

1
40
2
51

-

-

39
4
55

44
1
51

1
19
4
70
( 5)

19
8
71
1

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w e e k
_______________________________________
1 w eek
----------------------------------- ---------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
— ------------------- ----2 w e e k s ---------------------- -------- — ----------------------------

-

12
1
86

-

6
( 5)
93

-

24
5
71

-

6
( 5)
94

-

40
2
58

( 5)
69

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

U n der 1 w eek
-----------------------------------------------------------1 w eek
------ -------- -------- — ---------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------- --------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ___________ — ------------------------- ----------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e .




.

8
( 5)
91
1

.

_

.

.

4

23

4

11

-

-

94
2

77

( 5>
96

-

89

.

.

38
1
56

1
9
2
83

4
7
-

77

15
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e I9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

All
1
industries1

Manufacturing

>

_

1
( 5)
92
3
4

1
86
13

_

_

PLANT WORKERS

Public
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

_

_

.

( 5)

1

8
87
5

Retail trade

Finance

Services

All
,
industries 3

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Amount of vacation p a y 6— Continued
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________

1
7
1
82
3

_

_

_

7
1
87
_
4

5
1
89
_
1

7
2
88
_

-

( 5)
99
-

( 5)

-

_

_

_

1
46
( 5)
53

8
61
31

1
7
1
56
4
25

7
_
43
9
40

-

-

( 5)

1
29
62

8
43
49
-

9
26
58

99

4
2
2
76

-

4

_

( 5)
17

4
2
2
62
.
18

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

1
-

1
51
7
41

( 5)

_

_

7
1
71

-

5
1
82
_
6
2

-

-

7
3
85
2

8
46
40

( 5)
1

7
20
69
2

9
38
42
-

-

60
36
4

1
28
64
3
4

1
24
70
5

( 5)
6
89
5

1
27
43
1
27

1
24
43
4
29

6
77
17

1
27
17
55

8
43
35
15

9
26
43
17

7
20
45
_
27

6
3
77
10

8
41
31
16

9
38
33
9

1
25
38
36

1
24
38
38

_
6
71
22

1
27
17
55

8
43
23
26

9
26
34
3
22

7
20
30
7
35

6
3
75
12

8
41
31
16

9
38
27
14

59
2
37
1

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

( 5)
8

-

( 5)
2

-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

_

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________ _________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6
s e r v ic e

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c lu d e s p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t p r o v i d e v a c a t i o n s u n t il a f t e r 2 o r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .

F o r e x a m p le ,

N O T E : In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t im e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f
t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .




th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s

annual e a rn in g s o r fla t - s u m

in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s '

pa y m en ts,

w ere

co n v e r te d

16

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e I 9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s

---------------------------------------------------------------

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

88

94

72

92

50

52

37

57

63

69

55

73

All
,
industries

All 3
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

83

80

91

60

74

84

46

46

50

40

50

49

78

59

65

50

56

60

Finance

Services

Services

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g ;

L i f e i n s u r a n c e --------- __ -------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
--------------------- __ --------------------------in s u r a n c e
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 4 _________________________

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e ________
S ic k l e a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ____ _____________________
S ic k l e a v e (p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r io d ) ------------------------------------------

24

40

20

6

20

35

51

11

18

25

46

50

44

68

20

17

15

24

38

12

7

1

10

3

43

11

3

20

5

28

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e
----------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e
____________________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e ________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n -----------------------------------------N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n -------

89
89
38
67
71
1

88
88
36
64
78
2

92
92
46
78
73
2

78
78
25
35
42
3

80
80
41
41
51
10

87
87
47
47
69
7

72
72
43
43
58
7

81
81
58
42
35
10

77
77
23
26
30
8

83
83
35
57
65
( 5)

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t th e
m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




17
Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t i t s
f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in t o a p p r o p r ia te o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o ' a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s fr o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d fr o m a r e a t o a r e a . T h i s i s
e s s e n t i a l i n o r d e r t o p e r m it t h e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s is o n in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t a n d in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e
B u r e a u ’ s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y fr o m t h o s e i n u s e i n i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s . In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r ip t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u ’ s f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e
in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n t ic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a in e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s ,
p a r t-tim e , te m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .
O F F IC E

BILLER* MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o th e r
th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s
t o b illin g s or s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p erfo rm o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l
t o b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i ll e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o llo w s :

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E ll i o t t
F is h e r , S u n d s tr a n d , B u r r o u g h s , N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w it h o r w it h o u t
a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .

B ille r , m achine (h illin g m achine ) — U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a ­
c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t F is h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e
c o m b in a tio n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s a n d in ­
v o i c e s fro m c u s t o m e r s ’ p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s ,
s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s, e t c . U s u a lly i n v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e d e ­
te r m in e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y
e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y or m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d o n th e b illin g m a ­
c h in e , a n d t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f
th e b i ll b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e o h a f a n fo ld m a c h in e .
B ille r , machine (b o o k k e e p in g m ach in e)— U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g
m a c h in e (S u n d s tr a r id , E l l i o t t F is h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h
m a y or m a y n o t h a v e ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p re p a re c u s t o m e r s ’
b ills a s p a rt o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in ­
v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f fig u r e s o n c u s to m e r s ’ le d g e r r e c ­
o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la t e s f ig u r e s o n a n u m b e r
o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u te s a n d u s u a lly p r in ts a u t o m a tic a lly
th e d e b it or c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
W o r k s fr o m u n if o r m a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s a n d
c r e d it s l ip s .




C la s s A — K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f
a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w it h
th e s tr u c tu r e o f th e p a r tic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m u s e d . D e te r m in e s
p ro p er r e c o r d s a n d d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it a n d c r e d it ite m s to b e u s e d
in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e
s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s b y h a n d .
C la s s B — K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f
a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k ­
k e e p in g • P h a s e s or s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s to m e r s * a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d e r b ille r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in ­
v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k or a s s i s t in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l
b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s fo r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r tm e n t .

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la s s A — U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t ­
a n t , h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r k e e p in g o n e o r m o re s e c t i o n s o f a c o m ­
p le t e s e t o f b o o k s or r e c o r d s r e la tin g to o n e p h a s e o f a n e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork i n v o l v e s p o s t i n g a n d b a la n c in g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r or le d g e r s s u c h as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le or a c c o u n ts

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c ­
c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r ie n c e in m a k in g
p ro p e r a s s ig n a t io n s a n d a llo c a t io n s . M ay a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g , a d ­
ju s tin g a n d c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n tin g
c le r k s .

C lass B — U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c ­
c o u n t in g o p e r a tio n s s u c h a s p o s t in g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c ­
c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g b an k a c c o u n ts ; p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n tr o lle d
b y g e n e r a l le d g e r s , or p o s tin g s im p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a ta . T h is
jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w le d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g
p r in c ip le s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h t h e m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t ­
in g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d o n a f u n c t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s a n d e n te r s th e n e c e s ­
s a r y d a ta o n th e p a y r o ll s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s '
e a r n in g s b a s e d o n tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p o s t in g c a l c u la t e d d a ta
o n p a y r o ll s h e e t , s h o w in g in fo r m a tio n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , tim e , r a te , d e d u c tio n s fo r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M ay
m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r ib u t ­
in g p a y e n v e l o p e s . M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P r im a r y d u t y i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a ­
t i c a l c o m p u t a t io n s . T h is jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith t h a t o f s t a t i s ­
t ic a l or o th e r ty p e o f c le r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e fr e q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p ­
to m e te r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s i n c id e n t a l to p e r fo r m a n c e
o f o th e r d u tie s .

CLERK, FILE
C lass /4 « — I n a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a i n i n g a n u m ­
b er o f v a r ie d s u b j e c t m a tte r f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s c o r r e s ­
p o n d e n c e o r o th e r m a te r ia l; m a y a l s o f i le t h is m a te r ia l. M ay k e e p
r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t io n w ith f i l e s o r m a y s u p e r ­
v i s e o th e r s in f i li n g a n d lo c a t i n g m a t e r ia l in t h e f i l e s . M a y p e r ­
fo r m i n c i d e n t a l c l e r i c a l d u t i e s .
C lass B — P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g , u s u a l l y o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s
a lr e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h i s e a s i l y id e n t if ia b le , o r l o c a t e s
o r a s s i s t s in lo c a t in g m a t e r ia l in f i l e s . M ay p e r fo r m in c id e n t a l
c le r ic a l d u tie s .

CLERK, ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s * o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il,
p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y . D u t i e s i n v o l v e any combination o f the follow ing:
Q u o tin g p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r s h e e t l i s t i n g th e it e m s
to m a k e u p th e o rd er; c h e c k in g p r ic e s a n d q u a n titie s o f ite m s o n o rd er
s h e e t ; d is tr ib u tin g ond er s h e e t s to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a r tm e n ts to b e f ille d .
M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d it d e p a r tm e n t t o d e t e r m in e c r e d it r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r ,
a c k n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fro m c u s t o m e r s , f o llo w u p o r d e r s t o s e e
th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f ille d , k e e p f ile o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip ­
p in g i n v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n a n d w ith n o s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t i e s , r e p r o d u c e s m u lt ip le c o p i e s o f t y p e w r it te n o r h a n d w r itte n m a tte r ,
u s i n g a M im e o g r a p h o r D i t t o m a c h i n e . M a k e s n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s u c h
a s fo r in k a n d p a p e r f e e d c o u n t e r a n d c y lin d e r s p e e d . I s n o t r e q u ir e d to
p r e p a r e s t e n c il or D itto m a s te r . M ay k e e p f ile o f u s e d s t e n c il s or D itto
m a s t e r s . M ay s o r t , c o l l a t e , a n d s t a p le c o m p le t e d m a t e r ia l.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n a n d w ith n o s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i ­
b i li t i e s , r e c o r d s a c c o u n tin g a n d s t a t is t ic a l d a ta o n ta b u la tin g c a r d s b y
p u n c h i n g a s e r i e s o f h o l e s i n t h e c a r d s in a s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e , u s i n g
a n a lp h a b e t ic a l o r a n u m e r ic a l , k e y p u n c h m a c h in e , f o llo w in g w r itte n in ­
fo r m a tio n o n r e c o r d s . M a y d u p lic a t e c a r d s b y u s in g t h e d u p lic a t in g d e ­
v i c e a tt a c h e d to m a c h in e . M ay k e e p f i l e s o f p u n c h c a r d s . M ay v e r if y
ow n w ork or w ork o f o th e r s.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u t ie s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p ­
e r a t i n g m in o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n i n g a n d
d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

19

SECRETARY

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P e r fo r m s s e c r e t a r ia l a n d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s fo r a s u p e r io r in a n a d ­
m in is tr a t iv e or e x e c u t iv e p o s i t i o n . D u t ie s in c lu d e m a k in g a p p o in tm e n t s
fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv i n g p e o p le c o m in g in t o o f f i c e ; a n s w e r in g a n d m a k in g
p h o n e c a l l s ; h a n d l i n g p e r s o n a l a n d im p o r t a n t o r c o n f i d e n t i a l m a i l , a n d
w r itin g r o u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o n o w n in it ia t iv e ; ta k in g d ic t a t io n (w h e r e
t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e i s n o t u s e d ) e it h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r
s i m i l a r m a c h i n e , a n d t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n o r t h e r e c o r d e d i n f o r m a t io n
r e p r o d u c e d o n a tr a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e . M ay p r e p a r e s p e c i a l r e p o r t s o r
m e m o r a n d u m s fo r in fo r m a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P r im a r y d u ty i s to t a k e d i c t a t i o n fro m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in s h o r th a n d or b y S t e n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a n o r ­
m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y , a n d to tr a n s c r ib e t h is d ic t a tio n o n a ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o t y p e fr o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d k e e p f i l e s i n o r ­
d e r , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , e t c . Does not include transcribing-m achine
work ( s e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r ) .

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
P r im a r y d u ty i s to t a k e d i c t a t i o n fro m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s
e it h e r in s h o r th a n d or b y S t e n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a v a r ie d
t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n
s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a n d to tr a n s c r ib e t h is d ic ta tio n o n a ty p e w r ite r . M ay
a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d k e e p f i l e s in o r d e r ,
k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , e t c . Does not include transcribing-m achine work

.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O p e r a te s a s in g le - or m u ltip le -p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d .
D u t ie s in v o lv e h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , a n d in tr a p la n t or o f f ic e c a l l s .
M a y r e c o r d t o l l c a l l s a n d t a k e m e s s a g e s . M a y g i v e i n f o r m a t io n t o p e r ­
s o n s w h o c a ll in , or o c c a s io n a lly ta k e te le p h o n e o r d e r s. F o r w o r k e r s
w h o a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is t.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In a d d it io n to p e r fo r m in g d u t i e s o f o p e r a to r , o n a s i n g l e p o s i ­
tio n or m o n ito r -ty p e s w it c h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e
or p e r fo r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u la r d u t ie s . T h is ty p in g
or c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile a t
s w itc h b o a r d .




C lass A — O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a lly in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e ta b u ­
la to r , c a lc u la t o r , in te r p r e te r , c o lla t o r a n d o th e r s . P e r fo r m s c o m ­
p le t e r e p o r tin g a s s ig n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , a n d p e r fo r m s
d i f f i c u l t w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d . T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g
a s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e ­
p o r ts w h ic h o ft e n a r e o f ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e q u ir in g
s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o re
e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a to r , i s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n e w o p e r a ­
t o r s i n m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d o p e r a t o r s i n w ir i n g
fro m d ia g r a m s a n d o p e r a tin g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not include w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t i o n s and d a y - t o - d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f t h e w o r k a n d p r o d u c t i o n o f
a g r o u p o f ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s .
C lass B — O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e ta b u la to r a n d c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n
t o t h e s o r t e r ,,r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r . T h i s w o r k i s p e r fo r m e d u n d e r
s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y i n c l u d e t h e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir ­
i n g fr o m d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p l e , t a b u ­
la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e b u t
s m a ll t a b u la tin g s t u d y , or p a r ts o f a lo n g e r a n d m o re c o m p le x r e p o r t.
S u c h r e p o r ts a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a lly o f a r e c u r r in g n a tu r e w h e r e
th e p r o c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b lis h e d . M ay a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a in in g
o f n e w e m p lo y e e s in th e b a s i c o p e r a tio n o f th e m a c h in e .
C lass C — O p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t ­
in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r te r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , c o lla t o r , e t c .,
w it h s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y i n c l u d e s i m p l e w i r i n g fr o m d i a g r a m s
a n d s o m e f ilin g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r tio n s o f a
w o r k u n it, fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g or c o lla t in g r u n s , or r e ­
p e t it iv e o p e r a tio n s .

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P r im a r y d u t y i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e
v o c a b u l a r y f r o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e r e c o r d s . M a y a l s o t y p e fr o m w r i t t e n
c o p y a n d d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o rk ers t r a n s c r ib in g d ic t a t io n in ­
v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l or s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h a s le g a l b r ie fs
or r e p o r ts o n s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a re n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k er w h o ta k e s
d ic t a t io n in s h o r th a n d o r b y S t e n o ty p e or s im ila r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d
a s a s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.

20

TYPIST

TYPIST-—Continued

U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to m a k e
o u t b ills a fte r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th er p e r s o n . M ay in ­
c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r u s e in d u p lic a t ­
in g p r o c e s s e s . M ay d o c le r ic a l w o rk in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l tr a in in g ,
s u c h a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r ts , o r s o r tin g
a n d d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.

tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s or fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a ­
te r ia l; p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s
t o m a i n t a i n u n if o r m i t y a n d b a l a n c e i n s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e
fo r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o s u i t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C lass B — P e r f o r m s one or more o f the follow ing: C o p y t y p i n g
fr o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; r o u t i n e t y p i n g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s ,
e t c .; s e t t in g u p s im p le sta n d a r d ta b u la tio n s , or c o p y in g m ore c o m ­
p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

C lass A — P e r f o r m s one or more o f the follow ing: T y p i n g m a ­
t e r i a l i n f i n a l fo r m w h e n i t i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l
s o u r c e s or r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c P R O F E S S IO N A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
( A s s is ta n t d ra ftsm a n )

AND

T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

D r a w s to s c a l e u n it s or p a r ts o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y d r a f t s ­
m a n or o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s .
U s e s v a r io u s t y p e s o f d r a ftin g t o o l s a s r e q u ir e d . M ay p r e p a r e d r a w in g s
fr o m s i m p l e p l a n s o r s k e t c h e s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r d u t i e s u n d e r d i r e c t i o n
o f a d ra ftsm a n .

in v o lv e d in s tr e n g t h o f m a t e r ia ls , b e a m s a n d t r u s s e s ; v e r if y in g c o m ­
p le te d w o rk , c h e c k in g d im e n s io n s , m a te r ia ls to b e u s e d , a n d q u a n titie s ;
w r it in g s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; m a k in g a d j u s t m e n t s or c h a n g e s in d r a w in g s or
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . M ay in k in l i n e s a n d le t t e r s o n p e n c il d r a w in g s , p r e p a r e
d e t a il u n it s o f c o m p le t e d r a w in g s , o r t r a c e d r a w in g s . W ork i s f r e q u e n t ly
in a s p e c i a l i z e d f i e l d s u c h a s a r c h it e c t u r a l, e l e c t r i c a l , m e c h a n ic a l, o r
s t r u c tu r a l d r a ftin g .

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

P la n s a n d d ir e c t s a c t i v i t i e s o f o n e or m o re d r a fts m e n in p r e p ­
a r a t i o n o f w o r k i n g p l a n s a n d d e t a i l d r a w i n g s fr o m r o u g h o r p r e l i m i n a r y
s k e t c h e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s . D u t ie s
i n v o l v e a combination o f the follow ing: I n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s , s k e t c h e s ,
a n d w r itte n or v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d e te r m in in g w o r k p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s i g n i n g
d u t ie s to s u b o r d in a t e s a n d i n s p e c t i n g t h e ir w o r k ; p e r fo r m in g m o r e d if ­
f i c u l t p r o b l e m s . M a y a s s i s t s u b o r d i n a t e s d u r in g e m e r g e n c i e s o r a s a
r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t , or p e r fo r m r e la t e d d u t ie s o f a s u p e r v is o r y or a d ­
m in is tr a tiv e n a tu r e .

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g p la n s a n d d e t a i l d r a w in g s fro m n o t e s , r o u g h
o r d e t a ile d s k e t c h e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r­
p o s e s . D u t i e s i n v o l v e a combination o f the following: P r e p a r i n g w o r k ­
in g p la n s , d e t a il d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t io n s , e t c ., to s c a l e b y u s e
o f d r a ftin g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g e n g in e e r in g c o m p u t a t io n s s u c h a s t h o s e




A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e to i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s or o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l or s u ffe r a n a c c id e n t o n th e
p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s i n v o l v e a combina­
tion o f the follow ing: G i v i n g f i r s t a i d t o t h e i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a t t e n d i n g t o
s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts
tr e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c i d e n t r e p o r ts fo r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ;
c o n d u c tin g p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s a n d h e a lth e v a lu a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s
a n d e m p lo y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h
e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t, or o th e r
a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g th e h e a lth , w e lfa r e , a n d s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

TRACER
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s , b y p la c in g tr a c ­
i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l . U s e s
T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , a n d o t h e r d r a f t in g t o o l s . M a y p r e p a r e s i m p l e d r a w ­
in g s a n d d o s im p le le tte r in g .

21
M A IN T E N A N C E

D POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

P e r fo r m s th e c a r p e n tr y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in ­
ta in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b in s , c r ib s ,
c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , a n d t r im
m a d e o f w o o d i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m ost o f the following:
P l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k fr o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r
v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n te r ’ s h a n d t o o ls , p o r ta b le
p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p
c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; s e l e c t i n g m a t e r ia ls n e c ­
e s s a r y fo r t h e w o r k . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r ­
m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

F ir e s s t a t io n a r y b o ile r s t o f u r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , or s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to fir e b y h a n d or
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , or o il b u rn er; c h e c k s w a te r a n d s a fe t y
v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e
i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e , or r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t fo r th e g e n e r a t in g , d i s ­
t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk
i n v o l v e s m ost o f the follow ing : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y
o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , tr a n s fo r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s ,
c o n tr o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s, h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s ,
o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g fro m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , l a y ­
o u t , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b le i n t h e e l e c ­
t r ic a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to
lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f
e l e c t r i c i a n ’ s h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n ­
e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g
a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O p e r a te s a n d m a in ta in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n
o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s a n d e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l or e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p ­
p ly th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r ig e r a ­
t io n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n in g . W ork i n v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g a n d m a in t a in in g
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s s t e a m e n g i n e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s
tu r b in e s , v e n t ila t in g a n d r e fr ig e r a tin g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o ile r s a n d
b o ile r - f e d w a te r p u m p s; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a ir s ; k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f
o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y also
s u p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . Head or c h ie f engineers in establishm ents

em ploying more than one engineer are excluded




.

HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A s s i s t s o n e or m o re w o r k e r s in t h e s k il l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s ,
b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g
a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls a n d t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a ­
c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g w o r k e r b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls or t o o ls ;
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d o f
w o r k t h e h e l p e r i s p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s fr o m t r a d e t o t r a d e : In
so m e tr a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lift in g , a n d h o ld in g m a ­
t e r i a ls a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in o th e r s h e i s p e r ­
m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e
th a t a r e a l s o p er fo rm ed b y w o r k e r s o n a f u ll-tim e b a s i s .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a tio n o f o n e or m o re t y p e s o f m a c h in e
t o o ls , s u c h a s jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l or s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s ,
o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk i n v o l v e s m ost o f the following: P l a n n i n g
a n d p e r fo r m in g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir in g
c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s or a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f p r e ­
c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g a n d o p ­
e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n t o
a c h i e v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s or d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g ­
n iz e w h e n t o o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls , a n d to s e l e c t p ro p er
c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a tin g o i l s . F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y
p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a to r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d fr o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk
i n v o l v e s m ost o f the following: I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f m a ­
c h in is t ’s h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e t t in g u p a n d

22

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary d u ties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes ,in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued
—
are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications- In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. W orkers primarily en ga g ed in in sta llin g and repairing building
sa n ita tion or heatin g s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

23

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In clu d es g a te men who are sta tio n e d at g a te and ch e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
oth er person s en terin g .
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
apd washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishment. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve on e or more o f the fo llo w ­
in g : Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

24

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
L o n g sh o rem en , w h o load and unload s h ip s are e x c lu d e d .

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and o v er -th e -r o a d drivers
are e x c lu d e d .

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers9
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in v o lv e on e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ood en
b o x e s or cra tes are e x c lu d e d .
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work i n v o l v e s : A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. R e c e iv i n g w ork i n v o l v e s : Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments ; maintaining necessary records and files.




R e c e i v i n g clerk
Sh ipping clerk
S hipping and r e c e iv in g clerk

For wage study purposes, truekdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
T ru ck d river (com bin a tion o f s i z e s l i s t e d se p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver9 ligh t (u n der 1l to n s )
A
T ru ckdriver, medium (P A to and in clu din g 4 to n s )
T ru ckdriver, h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s trailer t y p e )

,

T ru ckdriver, h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s, oth er than trailer t y p e )

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
T ru cker, p o w e r (fo rk lift)
Trucker, p o w e r (o th e r than fo rk lift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1960 0 —560725

Occupational Wage Surveys
O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese bulletins, when available,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D .C., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.

Allentown—Bethlehem —E aston, P a .—N .J., March I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-33, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., Septem ber 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Birmingham, A la., March I960— BLS Bull. 1265-37, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., O ctober 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents

M inneapolis—St. P aul, Minn., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-21,
price 25 cents
Newark and Jersey C ity, N .J., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-28,
price 25 cents
New O rleans, L a., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-32, price 25 cents
New York, N.Y., April I960— BLS Bull. 1265-44, price 25 cents

Canton, Ohio, December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
C incinnati, Ohio—Ky., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-31,
price 25 cents
Cleveland, Ohio, September 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
D allas, T ex., O ctober 1959 — BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Des Moines, Iowa, February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-30, price 25 cents
D etroit, Mich., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-25, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jackson, M iss., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-26, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, F la., December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-14, price 25 cents

P hiladelphia, P a ., November 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-16, price 25 cents
Phoenix, A riz., April I960— BLS Bull. 1265-42, price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a ., December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
Providence, R .I.—M ass., March I960— BLS Bull. 1265-34, price 25 cents
Richmond, V a., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-24, price 25 cents
St. L ouis, Mo., O ctober 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iverside—Ontario, C alif., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San F ran cisco —Oakland, C alif., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-17,
price 25 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-2,
price 25 cents

K ansas City, Mo.—K ans., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-23,
price 25 cents
Los A ngeles—Long Beach, C alif., April i 960— BLS Bull. 1265-35,
price 25 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la., December 1959 — BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
Milwaukee, Wis., April I960— BLS Bull. 1265-43, price 25 cents

Sioux F a lls, S. D ak., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-29,
price 20 cents
South Bend, Ind., April i 960— BLS Bull. 1265-38, price 25 cents
W ashington, D .C .-M d .-V a., December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-18,
price 25 cents
Waterbury, Conn., March i 960— BLS Bull. 1265-36, price 25 cents
York, P a ., February i 960— BLS Bull. 1265-27, price 25 cents








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102