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u . S. DOCUMENT COLLECTION

Occupational

Dayton & Mont?:

i

8 ’S3

DETROIT, MICHIGAN
JANUARY 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-47




UNITED STA TES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
B U R EA U O F LA BO R S TA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
DETROIT, MICHIGAN




JANUARY 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-47
May 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR STA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25 , D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The L a b o r M arket O ccupational W age S urvey P r o g r a m
E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a r k e ts c u r r e n t ly a re in clud ed
in the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f a nn ua l o c ­
c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m a j o r l a b o r m a r k e t s .
These
s t u d i e s p r o v i d e da t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s a nd r e l a t e d
sup plem enta ry b en efits.
In form a tion on rela ted sup ple­
m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n n i a l l y in m o s t o f the
labor m a rk ets.
A p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t w h ich p r e s e n t s earn in gs
tre n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p s and a v e r a g e e a r n ­
in g s in s e l e c t e d j o b s i s r e l e a s e d w it h in a m o n t h a f t e r the
c o m p l e t i o n o f the s t u d y in e a c h a r e a .
This b ulletin p r o ­
v i d e s a d d i t i o n a l da t a not i n c l u d e d in the p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t .
A t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n i s i s s u e d a f t e r the
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r ­
v e y s ( f o r th e c u r r e n t r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , the f i r s t p a r t o f
th is b u l l e t i n w i l l b e a v a i l a b l e l a t e i n 1963 a n d the s e c o n d
p a r t e a r l y in 1 9 6 4).
The f i r s t part p r e s e n t s individual
la b o r m a r k e t data.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s data r e ­
l a t i n g to a l l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i n the U n it e d S t a t e s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ' s r e ­
gion a l o f f i c e in C le v e la n d , O hio, by E llio tt A .
B row ar,
A s s is ta n t R egion a l D ir e c t o r fo r
W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l
R ela tion s.




I n t r o d u c t i o n ______________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________

1
4

Tables:
1.
Z.

A:

B:

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ------------------P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and
s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn ings fo r s e le c t e d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________

3

O ccupational e a rn in g s:*
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n _________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n
m
and w o m e n _____________________________________________________
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________
A - 4.
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________

10
12
13

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M in im u m entran ce s a la rie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o rk e rs —
B -2.
Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ______________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _______________________________________
B -4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________________
B -5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s __________________________________________________
B -6.
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s ______________________

15
16
17
18
19
21

A ppendix:

O ccupational d e scrip tio n s

_______________________________________

* N O TE : S im ila r tabu lation s a r e a v a ila b le f o r
m a jor areas.
(See in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s i n th e D e t r o i t a r e a i s a v a i l a b l e
f o r the m a c h i n e r y i n d u s t r i e s (Ju n e 1 9 6 2).
U nion s c a le s ,
i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r the
fo llo w in g tr a d e s o r in d u strie s:
Building co n st r u c tio n ,
p r i n t i n g , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , and m o t o r ­
t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s .

iii

3

5
9

23




Occupational Wage Survey—Detroit, Mich.
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 82 l a b o r m a r k e t s in w h i c h the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B ureau of L a b o r S tatistics conducts su rv ey s
o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e
basis.
In th is a r e a , da t a w e r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u ­
r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith in s i x
b ro a d in du stry d iv ision s:
M an u factu rin g ; tr a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n i c a ­
t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e ,
in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jor in d u stry grou ps
e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d the c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r
th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
a re o m itte d b e c a u s e they
te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d to
w arra n t in clu sion .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the
b ro a d in du stry div ision s w hich m e e t pu blication cr it e r ia .

s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h av e
b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
D i f f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in w h i c h
b o t h m e n a nd w o m e n a r e c o m m o n l y e m p l o y e d a r e l a r g e l y due to
(1) d i f f e r e n c e s in the d i s t r i b u t i o n o f the s e x e s a m o n g i n d u s t r i e s and
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ; (2) d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h
the o c c u p a t i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the s a m e s u r v e y
j o b d e s c r i p t i o n ; a n d (3) d i f f e r e n c e s in l e n g t h o f s e r v i c e o r m e r i t
r e v i e w w h e n i n d i v i d u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d j u s t e d o n th is b a s i s .
Longer
a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u l d r e s u l t in h i g h e r a v e r a g e pa y w h e n
b o t h s e x e s a r e e m p l o y e d w it h in the s a m e r a t e r a n g e .
J ob d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e se s u rv e y s a re co n d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e ca u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d .
In c o m b i n i n g the da ta,
h o w e v e r , all e s t a b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a nd a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccupations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y a nd n o t the n u m b e r a c ­
tually s u rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i ­
c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d ie d .
These d ifferen ces
in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s da ta .

a nd E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f the
follow ing types:
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(c ) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (d) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O ccu p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m set o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d a nd d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x .
E a r n i n g s da ta f o r s o m e o f
the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t i n the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l
to p r o v i d e e n o u g h da ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i ­
b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.

E stablish m en t P r a c t ic e s

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s a s th e y r e l a t e to
o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s .
The c o n c e p t " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u se d
in th is b u l l e t i n , i n c l u d e s w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , and e x c l u d e s a d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , a nd p r o f e s s i o n a l p e r s o n n e l .
"P lant w o r k e r s "
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( in c l u d i n g
l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
A dm in istrative,
e x e c u t i v e , a n d p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a nd f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c ­
tion e m p lo y e e s who a re u tiliz e d as a se p a ra te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x ­
clu ded.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s data a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da t a e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la te
s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s
a nd i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W here w eek ly hours a re r e ­
p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the w o r k




and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( t a b l e B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to the e s ­
tablish m en ts v is ite d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p o l i c i e s .

1

2
Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l da ta ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d i n t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t w o r k e r e m p l o y ­
m e n t , and (b) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f w o r k e r s a c ­
t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h ift at the t i m e o f th e s u r v e y .
In
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t a p p l y i n g to a
m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y , the c l a s ­
sifica tion "o t h e r " was u sed.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e l a t e s h if t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h if t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the f i r s t s h if t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p ly in g to a l l o f
the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P a id h olidays;
p a id v a c a t i o n s ; a nd h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 4
t h r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s that t h e s e a r e
a p p l i c a b l e to a l l pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s
a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
Sums
o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 6 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a ls
b e c a u s e o f rou nding.
D a ta o n p a id h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to data on
h o l i d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v i d e d
f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H oli­
days o r d i n a r i l y gra n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though they m a y fa ll on a
n o n w o r k d a y , e v e n i f the w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The
f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e
and h a l f h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d .
The s e c o n d part c o m b i n e s whole
and h a l f h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to
form a l p olicies,
exclu din g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e off
w ith p a y i s g r a n t e d at the d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
Separate e s ­
t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g
v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , s u c h a s t i m e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f a nn ua l e a r n ­
in g s, o r f l a t - s u m a m ou n ts.
H o w e v e r , i n the t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n
p a y , p a y m e n t s n o t o n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ;
f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a nn ua l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n ­
s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n
p la n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t i s b o r n e b y
the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s
c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
S u c h p la n s
i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and
t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y the e m p l o y e r
o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r th is p u r ­
pose.
D eath b e n e fits a r e in clu d e d as a f o r m o f life i n s u r a n c e .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to th at ty p e o f i n ­
suran ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh paym ents a re m ade d ir e ctly
to the i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c ­
cident disa b ility.
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s to
w h i c h the e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w
J e r s e y , w h ich have en ac ted t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility in s u r a n c e law s w hich
r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f the e m ­
p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th an i s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s
the e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s 3
w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g
absence fr o m w ork because of illn ess.
Separate tabu lation s a re p r e ­
s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y and no w a itin g
p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a itin g
period.
In a d d i t i o n to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s
w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a nd a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s i c k l e a v e ,
a n u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r b o th
types of b enefits.
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a nd i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
paym ent of d o c to rs ' fe e s .
S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y
be s e lf-in s u r e d .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d
to t h o s e p la n s that p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

2 T h e t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y l a w s in C a l i f o r n i a a nd R h o d e I s la n d
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v i n g a p o l i c y i f it m edo n ot r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s .
t
e i t h e r o f the f o l l o w i n g c o n d i t i o n s : ( l ) O p e r a t e d l a t e s h if t s at the t i m e
3 A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) h ad f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
An
it e s t a b l i s h e d at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s i c k l e a v e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s i f it (1) had
th at c o u l d b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
S u ch a p la n n e e d not b e
o p e r a t e d la te s h i f t s d u r in g the 12 m o n t h s p r i o r to the s u r v e y , o r
w r i t t e n , b ut i n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s , d e t e r m i n e d o n an i n d i ­
(2) h ad p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t t e n f o r m f o r o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s .
vidual b a s is , w e re e x clu ded .
1




3

T a ble 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f su r v e y and nu m ber studied in D e tr o it, M ich . ,
M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in sc o p e
o f study

Industry d iv isio n

by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 January 1963

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scope of
study 3

1, 149

290

6 0 9 ,5 0 0

100
-

451
698

101
189

403, 800
205, 700

100
50
100
50
50

70
178
102
144
204

30
32
37
38
52

A ll d iv is io n s
M anufacturin g ------- ------- ------- — — —
— — — —
—
— __ __ „ ----N onm anufacturing ----------- __ —
T ra n sp orta tion , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t i li t ie s 5 ------------------ — — — — — —
W h olesa le trade -----------------------------------------------------------------R eta il tra d e -----------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce, in s u ra n ce , and r e a l esta te -----------------------------S e r v i c e s 7 ___________________________ . . — — „ . . -----

Studied

Studied
O ffic e

T otal 4

49,
22,
73,
32,
28,

Plant

T otal 4

108, 200

3 8 7 ,3 0 0

464, 260

58, 600
49, 600

274, 400
112, 900

333, 330
130 ,930

10,
5,
5,
22,
5,

000
000
900
500
300

800
300
700
700
100

22,
12,
61,
6 1,
15,

600
200
000
600
500

40,
8,
55,
16,
10,

040
600
880
310
100

1 The D e tr o it Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f M acom b, Oakland, and Wayne C o u n tie s.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y" es tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a
re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h ow ev er, to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er
em p loym en t in d exes fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the
p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d ition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual was u sed in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 Inclu des a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a re a )
o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es ex e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o rk e rs ex clu d e d fro m the s e p a r a te o f fi c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re e x clu d e d . D e t r o it 's tr a n s it s y s te m is m u n ic ip a lly
o p e r a te d and is ex clu d ed by d e fin itio n fr o m the
s c o p e o f the study.
6 E s tim a te r e la te s to r e a l e sta te e s ta b lis h m e n ts on ly.
W o rk e rs fr o m the e n tire in du stry d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n te d in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but
fr o m the r e a l estate p o rtio n only in " a ll
in d u s tr y " e s tim a te s in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2.

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in standard w e ek ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly e a rn in gs fo r
s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in D e tr o it, M ich . , fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l group

January 1962
to
January 1963

January 1961
to
January 1962

January I960
to
Jan uary 1961

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w om en) ___________
In d u strial n u r s e s (m e n and w om en) _______
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en) --------------------------U n sk illed plant (m en) _________ ~ — — —

3.
2.
2.
3.

0
7
9
4

2.
3.
1.
1.

5
3
9
8

3.
4.
4.
4.

1
4
4
8

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w om en)
— — —
In d u strial n u r s e s (m e n and w om en) ----------S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en) ---------- -------------U n sk illed plant (m en ) ____________ — ---------

3.
3.
2.
3.

4
2
9
4

2.
2.
1.
1.

0
3
9
8

3.
5.
4.
4.

8
3
5
7

4
Wage Tren d s for Selected Occupation al Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e
s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and in a v ­
e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in e a c h g r o u p . T h e
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l da t a a r e b a s e d on m e n and w o m e n in the f o l l o w i n g 19 j o b s :
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B; c l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A
and B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A , B, and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y r o l l ;
C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A and B; o f f i c e
b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
s e n i o r ; s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ; t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B;
a nd t y p i s t s , c l a s s A a nd B. T h e i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e data a r e b a s e d on
m e n and w o m e n i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s .
M e n in the f o l l o w i n g 8 s k i l l e d
m a i n t e n a n c e j o b s and 2 u n s k i l l e d j o b s a r e i n c l u d e d
in the p la n t
w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e l e c t r i c i a n s ; m a c h in is t s ; m e c h a n i c s ;
m e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ; p a i n t e r s ; p i p e f i t t e r s ; and t o o l and die m a k e r s ;
u nsk illed— ja n ito r s ,
p o r t e r s , a nd c l e a n e r s ; and l a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l
h a n d lin g .
A v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s or a ve ra g e h ou rly earn ings w e re
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s .
The a v e ra g e s a la rie s
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e th e n m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h o f




the j o b s d u r i n g the p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 19 6 1. T h e s e w e i g h t e d e a r n i n g s
f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d to o b t a in an a g g r e g a t e
f o r e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ­
c e n t a g e ) o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r the o n e y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the o t h e r y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the r e s u l t and
100 is the p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m the o n e p e r i o d to the o t h e r .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y , the e f f e c t s
o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b ; and
(3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due t o c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e ­
s u lt in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and
c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n ­
c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e
changes.
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e the p r o ­
p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n and l o w e r the
a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n in the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a id w o r k e r s
w o u l d h a v e the o p p o s i t e
effect.
S im ilarly,
the m o v e m e n t o f a
h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s t o d r o p , e v e n th o u g h n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f ­
f e c t o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h
j o b i n c l u d e d in the da ta.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a r e not i n f l u e n c e d
b y c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s o r in p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r ­
t i m e , s i n c e t h e y a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .

W a g e i n d e x e s f o r s e l e c t e d g r o u p s of w o r k e r s b a s e d on da ta f r o m the
l a b o r m a r k e t s u r v e y s w e r e c o m p u t e d f o r 20 a r e a s b e t w e e n 1953 and I 9 6 0 .
In
1961, the l a b o r m a r k e t o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e p r o g r a m w a s e x p a n d e d t o i n c l u d e
80 S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s w h i c h w i l l b e s u r v e y e d a n n u a lly . T h i s
e x p a n s i o n m a d e d a t a a v a i l a b l e f o r the c o m p u t a t i o n o f w a g e i n d e x e s f o r s e l e c t e d
j o b g r o u p i n g s in e a c h o f the 80 a r e a s .
T h e a b o v e t e x t r e p r e s e n t s the m e t h o d
u s e d in c o m p u t i n g t h e s e n e w w a g e c h a n g e i n d e x e s .
The new s e r i e s w a s in itiated
l a s t y e a r a nd the da t a a r e n o t c o m p a r a b l e w it h t r e n d s p u b l i s h e d p r i o r t o that t i m e .
T h e n e w s e r i e s c o v e r s the s a m e j o b g r o u p i n g s a s the e a r l i e r s e r i e s
w i t h the f o l l o w i n g e x c e p t i o n s : T h e c l e r i c a l a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e g r o u p s , f o r m e r l y
r e s t r i c t e d t o w o m e n , n o w i n c l u d e b o t h m e n a nd w o m e n .
Changes w e re a lso m ade
in the j o b s i n c l u d e d w it h in j o b g r o u p i n g s in o r d e r th at an i d e n t i c a l l i s t c o u l d be
e m p l o y e d in a l l a r e a s .

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , D e t r o it , M ic h ., J a n u a ry 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O F Sex, occupation, and industry division

um
ber
of

W
eekly

S
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
1
s
S
t
S
s
s
s
35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 9000 loaoo 105i00 n o o o 11000 12000 12000 13000 13000 14000 14000 15000 15000
and
and
under
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100X10 10500 11000 11500 12000 12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000 15500
S

(S tan d a rd )

W eekly
earnings 1
(S ta n d a rd )

Men
C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A ______
Manufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________
Public u tilities 2 ____________
W holesale trade ____________

. 187
901
286
86
110

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.0

$132.00
134.00
126.50
124.00
137.50

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B ______
Manufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________
Public u tilities 2 ____________
F in a n ce 3 ____________________

367
178
189
72
73

39.0
39.5
38.5
40.0
37.0

96.50
102.00
92.00
102.50
81.00

C lerk s, o rd e r _____________________
Manufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________
W holesale trade ____________

487
158
329
299

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

121.00
129.00
117.50
118.50

C lerk s, payroll ____________________
Manufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________
Public u tilities 2 ____________

224
171
53
35

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

121.50
126.50
106.50
109.50

O ffice boys ________________________
Manufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________
Public utilities 2 ____________
F in a n ce3 ____________________
S ervices ____________________

480
245
235
40
100
70

39.0
39.5
38.0
39.0
38.5
36.5

71.50
79.00
63.50
69.50
62.50
62.50

_

5

-

-

Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla s s A ___________________________
Manufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________ ...

362
263
99

40.0
40.0
39.5

126.00
129.50
117.00

_

.

_

-

-

-

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
cla ss B ___________________________
Manufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________
Public utilities 2 ____________
W holesale trade ____________
F in a n ce3 ____________________

445
240
205
26
51
82

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

104.00
109.50
98.00
111.50
101.50
91.50

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
c la s s C ______________ -___________
M anufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________

229
ioo
129

40.0
40.0
40.0

90.00
$5.06
86.00

188

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

83.00
81.50
84.50
91.50

-

4
2
2

6
6

3

1

-

26
8
18
2
13

22
2
20
3
17

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

21
6
15
4
11

8
3
5
2
1

51
24
27
6
13

_

26
4
22
22

_

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

4

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

6

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

_

2

i

_

-

-

-

-

-

i

2

-

-

1
1

5
-

-

*

23
11
12
4
6
-

52
ll
41
4
23
9

87
15
72
4
28
40

40
19
21
4
9
6

.

_

_

-

-

51
27
24
9
15

-

32
17
15
1
3
8

-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

5

1

-

-

-

-

-

5

1

-

-

-

-

15
1
14
2

-

-

*

-

-

5

1

12

_

_

_

_

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

1

3

4
4

14
6
8

3

“

-

■

-

31
20
11
4
3
-

-

“

_

'

-

-

-

2

_

6

-

5

-

10

17
9
8
1

22
6
16
4
2

53
28
25
9
6

40
22
18
6
2

53
41
12
2
4

119
84
35
9
8

121
88
33
10
6

88
77
11
11

16
9
7
3
-

51
27
24
9
11

46
25
21
16

18
3
15
15

21
11
10
10

13
10
3

12
4
8
7

62
18
44
40

57
18
39
37

14
14
12

39
6
34
21

-

25
18
7

15
9
6

*

-

-

12
9
3
3

21
13
8
8

17
8
9
9

24
15
9
9

18
14
4

20
20
_

-

-

-

29
22
7
-

1
2

-

-

-

5

10
10

2
-

-

9
3
6
6

2
1
1
1

45
34
11

17
16
1

-

_
_

32
23
9
1
8

_

_

-

-

-

1

7

5
3

_

-

-

-

1

7

9
2
7

2
2

2
27
18
9

14
1
13

13
2
11

26
9
17

63
18
45

69
44
25

-

-

-

-

-

5

2
8

-

7

21
10
11

16
2
14

6
6

22
9
13

43
6
37

13
16
3
3

16
4
12
4

23
14
9

18
11

18
16
2

-

98
84
14
7
3

9
7
2
2

18
14
4

3
3

4
4

_

_
_

_
_

50
3
47
47

16

26
14
12
12

55
33
22
22

47

16
9
7
6

19
19

26
25
1
1

11
11

7
5
2
1

_

-

T
9
9

105
97
177
82 ~ v r T 5 F ~
23
35
29
_
21
1
2
35
28

26

21
21

90
14
_

8

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

14
29
-----9 ~ T T "
5
16
5
16

22
4
18
18

4

2

-

94
86
8
5
3

2
5

22
16

-

10
13

_
-

_
-

2
2

21
20
1

17
17

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

8
2
6

32
20
12

52

64
53>
11

52
48
4

34
22
12

43
38
5

25
25

21
15
6

5
5
-

5
5
*

43
17
26
3
12
2

56
36
20
12
2
1

44
41
3
3

20
15
5
5

23
16
7

_

26
22
4
1
1

-

-

2
2

_

3
3

26

26

38
19
19

18
13
5

29
19
10

18
13
5

12
7
5

49

12
9
3

12
2
10
10

2
1
1

2

2

_

3

.

.

.

_

_
_

_
.
_
_

_
.
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
.
.
_

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

.

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

2

2

-

Women
B ille r s , m achine (billing machine)
Manufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________
Public utilities 2 ____________
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
machine) _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________
Retail trade _________________
See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




62

106
39
161
119

51

39.5
39.5
40.0

69.00
63.50
55.50

-

-

-

-

“

_

"

5
5
5

16
16
10

3
-

11
11

10

18
18

38

10

16

27

4

11

"

12

12

1

7

$

-

5
-

25
25

44
22

.

11

-

3

-

9

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , D e t r o it , M ic h . , J a n u a ry 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

W
eekly^

(Standard)

W
eekly . 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 1.5.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 ‘ 9500 1 0 0 0 0
earning!1 and
(Standard) under
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 0 0 10500

*0000

*11000

*11500

11000

115.00

12000

s
s
s
$
$
5 00 *3000 13000 14000 14000 15000 155J00
0
and
12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000 15500 over
s

1 2 0 0 0 12

Wom en— Continued
B ookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s A ________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce3 __________________________

387
109
278
184

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s B ________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________
S erv ices ___________________________

1,332
293
1,039
29
151
80
708
71

39.
39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
39.
36.

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P u blic utilities 2 ____________*_____
W holesale t r a d e __________________
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________
S erv ices ___________________________

924
548
576
99
77
97
128
175

39.
40.
39.
39.
39.
40.
37.
38.

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________
S erv ices __________________________

2,357
512
1,845
397
172
511
523
242

39.
"3 9 .
38.
39.
40.
40.
36.
38.

C lerk s, file , cla s s A ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

253
136
65

39. 5
39. 0
38. 0

92. 50
82. 0 0
75. 00

C le rk s , file , cla s s B ___________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

633
149
484
32
284

39. 0
40. 0
39. 0
39. 0
38. 5

64.
81.
59.
76.
58.

50
50
00

-

C lerk s, file , cla s s C ___________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

530
134
396
51
174

39.
39.
39.
39.
39.

5
5
5
5
5

59.
64.
58.
71.
58.

50
50
00
50
00

352
141

39.
39.
40.
40.

5
5
0
0

80. 0 0
9 2 . 00
72. 00
77. 50

C lerk s, ord er __________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,




211

132

39. 5
50. 5
39. 0
39. 5
5
5
0

5
0
5
0

5

0

0
0
5
5
0
5
5
0

6
5
5
0
0
5
0

$89. 50
lO l . 0 0
85. 00
77. 00
73.
86.
69.
89.
75.
72.
64.
99.
104.
119.
95.
103.
110.
91.
89.
91.
76.
90.
72.
86.
75.
63.
67.
72.

00
00

50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00

50
00
00

50
50
50
00
50
00
50
50
50
00
50

50
00

29

32

57

12
12

29
28

32
27

55
55

48
5
43
35

56
16
40
18

23
18
5

133

226
21

132

205

227
18
209

150
26
124
4
34
15
63

93
38
55

72
41
31

102

1

2

-

24
4
23

7

1

12

33

8

2

1

8

3
9
4

17

77

42

50
50
14

76
5
71
5

12

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"
19

-

19
-

-

92

-

92
-

-

2

18

-

1

6

2

8

78
"

120

175

1

2

9
25
175
-

1

13

20

8

_

_

-

-

9

2

18

"

_

-

11

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

74

7
-

74
-

-

-

7

-

-

180
4
176
-

-

-

49
25

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

2

-

_
-

99

80
80
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

39
39
-

11

_

-

-

-

99
37
21

4

86

90

-

66

69
9
60
18

1

-

1

-

6
1

17
4

9
7

2

-

-

56
30
26

48
13
35

33
18
15

33
25

32

44
58

24

16

8
2

11
11
2

8
2

-

6
6

24

85
41
44
9
-

64
25
39
13

-

52
14
38
9

34

2

2

22

18
38
15

1
11
12
8

1

3

4

4

10
21

12

14

28

12

247
71
176
36
24
31
32
53

191
51
140
72
23
9
32
4

83
47
36
19
7
3
3
4

76

8

8

1
2

142

303

258
2 l
237
59
27
59
72

311
49
262
37
41
71
85
28

182

7
7
5

12
12

27
27
18

29
29

26 ,

8

8
1

12

-

7

1

59
17
42
3
32

61
32
29
9
14

61
24
37
3

20

4

12

3

6

10

22

132
3
72
46

281
29
25
73
77
77

11

5
5
5

6
6

103

101

12

10

6

91
70

91

105

89

4

58

20

10

12

95
61

77
47

143
85
58
24
23

27

40

7

12

23

7

12

23
19

-

1

10

6

17
7

34
30

8

44

26

156
19
12

44
45
36

10

_

_

_

-

6

61
49

66

-

-

-

50
37
2

i
5
5

10

3

10

4
29

10

119
62
57
39
4
3

70
36
34
27
3
3

56
38
18
17

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3

-

12

4
5
1
2

18
14
4
4
-

6
6

1
1

-

-

-

-

49
45
4

32
29
3

6
20

2

1

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

35
31
-

1
1

i
i

-

3
3

8

-

-

5

-

-

-

53
45

-

1
1

1

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1

11

-

1

7
-

117

i
i

11
10

11

1

-

16
1

1

1
1

1

-

2
2
2

2
2

35
25

12
6

22
16

18
6

6

6

12

4

2

4

-

3

-

-

1

4

-

i

2

-

11
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

7
7

_

36
22
14
13

9

"

1

32
9
23
22

12

“

4
-

6

2

1

-

1

15
3

4

-

-

28
17
29

-

-

4

9
3

63
39
24
7
7

10

11

-

16

131
37
94
19

10

33
20

7
7

1
1

-

_

2

-

1

20

33
5
28

9

9

77
4

2

-

8

14
r r r
3
-

2

-

21

1

-

18
16

1

13

21

-

3
-

20

ll

10

10

-

-

13

-

17
11

-

13

11
2

2

36
l
15
-

2

-

10
8

1
1

-

4
4
4
17
15
2
1

7
4
3
3

8

13

6

10

3
3

3
3

1

2

1

2
2

-

1

-

4
4
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e t r o it , M ic h ., J a n u a ry 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

s
s
s
s
1
W
eekly 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 *OODO *0500 110X10 11500 1*2000 12500 *3000 135.00 140.00 145.00 15QX)0
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 10000 10500 110X10 11500 12000 12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000 15500

S
155,0(
and
over

Women— Continued
C lerks, p ayroll _________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities 2 __________________
R etail trade _______________________
S ervices __________________________

816
484
332
68
106
72

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
38.0

$95.00
102.50
84.50
93.00
74.00
87.00

C om ptom eter op era tors _______________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade _________________
Retail trade _ _____________________

1, 157
709
448
50
106
207

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0

89.50
97.00
78.00
95.50
88.50
71.50

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(M im eograph or Ditto) _________________
Manufacturing
______________________

103
66

38.5
40.0

Keypunch o p era tors, cla s s A _________

_
_

_
-

9
9
9
-

19
5
14
13
1

17
4
13
2
5
6

32
10
22
5
13
4

43
7
36
6
9
3

27
11
16
3
7
2

102
52
50
4
7
21

101
41
60
15
19
10

75
60
15
3
2
4

64
43
21
1
11
-

59
38
2l
13
7

61
37
24
1
3
14

42
31
11
10
-

61
55
6
3
2

26
22
4
2
-

24
24
-

22
20
2
-

3
3
-

21
21
-

2
2
-

-

_
-

-

-

6
6
6
-

15
15
1
11

41
6
35
18

73
17
56
2
2
27

64
13
51
3
32

93
47
46
12
30

87
40
47
3
12
30

82
28
54
31
15

73
55
18
1
7
10

123
91
32
5
14
9

82
52
30
11
5
14

118
90
28
19
3
-

110
102
8
4
3
1

117
102
15
2
13
-

50
47
3
3
-

19
19
-

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

9
9
9

_

_

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

72.00
76.00

-

-

10
10

1
1

1
-

32
12

12
2

6
3

10
9

7
6

6
6

9
8

3
3

1
1

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

*

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

-

725

39.5

92.00

_

_

_

10

7

14

26

76

55

80

53

127

89

59

35

433

39.5

85.00

-

-

-

10

7

14

26

76

48

59

51
16
35

36

Nonmanufacturing ____________________

18

15

7

3

150
89

39.0
38.5

76.00
77.50

30
36

28
12

16
33

14
6

11
-

5
-

149
136
13
2
i
_
6
4

190
150
40
25
6
4
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
6

9

25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

108
73
35
14
8
3
5
5

103
80
23
22
-

-

135
42
93
21
39
5
8
20

3
3

9
30
10

164
64
100
23
15
16
29
17

5
5

5
1
4
3

84
21
63
29
5
12
12
5

92
67
25

1
-

127
27
100
45
13
7
29
6

75
66

_
-

84
14
70
4
6
5
52
3

81
74

_
_
_

13
13

Public u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ________ ____ _________
F in a n ce3 __________________________
S ervices __________________________

87.50
95.50
77.50
81.50
88.50
73.00
68.00
75.50

5
54
5
49

17
-

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
38.5
37.5

_
1
1

8
-

1,468
827
641
186
138
63
176
78

_
-

10
-

Keypunch o p era tors, cla ss B ___________
Manufacturing ________________________

_
_
-

37
31

Finance 3 ________________ __________
S ervices __________________ _____ __

78
66
6
2

-

-

*

-

*

-

64.50
92.00
58.50

_
-

3
3

21
21

65
65

69
69

41
2
39

23
23

10
3
7

17
12
5

6
3
3

4
2
2

1
1
-

2
2
-

21
19
2

11
11
-

-

_

-

-

_
-

_

-

.
-

_

*

39.0
40.0
39.0

_

*

294
55
239

_

-

O ffice g ir ls _____________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

_

-

-

-

-

-

Retail trade _______________________

59

40.0

53.50

_

3

11

30

2

7

5

S ecreta ries ______________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade _______________________
F in a n ce3 ________________ ________
S jrv ic e s __________________________

6, 027
3, 533
2, 494
400
274
262
723
835

39.0
40.0
38.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
37.5
37.0

110.00
119.50
96.50
105.50
107.50
90.50
89.50
97.00

_
-

-

-

-

23
23

118
118
10
9
64
35

143
19
124
10
2
17
40
55

148
34
114
7
2
33
45
27

24330
213
15
13
28
83
74

345
59
286
11
8
41
114
112

375
61
314
38
30
45
114
87

385
128
257
23
53
20
71
90

505
178
327
96
34
22
74
101

465
276
189
32
15
21
45
76

611
459
152
43
30
4
35
40

640
545
95
30
22
7
11
25

614
489
125
36

601
550
51

2
6

99
81
18
13
3
_
_

58
53
5
-

15
4
3
25

250
222
28
3
13
1
2
9

117
115

4

258
221
37
25

-

9
9
2
5
2

Stenographers, gen eral _________________
Manufacturing ___ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilities 2 ______ ___________
W holesale trade _________________
Retail trade _______________________
F in a n ce3

2, 807
1,691
1, 116
295
255
101
343
122

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
38.5
39.5

87.00
92.50
79.00
92.50
85.00
71.00
67.50
72.50

7
7

15
15

72
1
71

203
25
178

224
176
48
16
20
3

275
207
68
34
23

181
105
76
69

239
208
31
25

10
7
3
3

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

5

150
120
30
21
9

2
13

228
114
114
19
50
7
19
19

387
265
12?
27
62

2
5

184
107
77
21
2
13
20
21

-

-

243
146
97
33

119
100
19

-

269
109
160
16
23
18
80
23

_
-

20
13
7
_
1
_
6
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

13
16

5

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
9
37
17

4

2
11
6

6

33
20
103
16

_

-

1

-

15
43
6

4

2

6

5

24

5
3
57

-

4

-

z

2
2

4

_
i
_
-

14

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e t r o it , M ic h ., J a n u a ry 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

S
S
S
s
s
s
$
S
$
s
1
s
$
S
s
s
s
s
s
s
S
s
S
S
W
eeklv
W
eekly 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 6 0 . 0 0 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 9500 IOOj O 10500 1 1 0 0 0 11500 1 2 0 0 0 12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000 15500
O
earning*1 and
hours1
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 QO0 10500 1 1 0 0 0 11500 1 2 0 0 0 12500 1 3000 1 3500 14000 14500 15000 13500

Women— Continued
Stenographers, senior __________________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing
__ __ __________
Switchboard op era tors
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

2, 764
2, 234
530
191

39.5
40.0
38.5
39.5

$1 0 1 . 0 0
103.50
92.00
80.50

949
401
548
67
87
127

39.5
40.0
39.5

84.00
97.50
74.00

_
-

-

39.5
38.5
39.0

68

71

86

1

70

_

_

23

3

-

-

23

75.00
69.00
73.50

_

_

_

9

40.0
40.0

123.50
123.00

-

39.0
40 0
38.5

96.50
l U =0
S
87.00

-

117
Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla s s C _________________________________

80

40.0

86.0 0

-

-

-

-

3

5

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e op e ra to rs,
general ___________________________ ___
Manufacturing
______________________

414
109

38.5
40.0

79.00
93.50

-

-

-

3
-

26
-

74
-

145

53
Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla s s B _________________________________

180

G5"

Finance

3

_______

_________________

T yp ists, cla s s A ____________________ __
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing
______
_ _

9
77

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
9
3
52

9
17
25
19

48
14
7

29
15
14

81
38
43

_
3

_
28

11

1

8

-

-

-

-

8

25

51

6

10

19
17

41
28

50
25
25

74
9
65

1
8
12

11
12

84
23
61

159
78
81

461
424
37

427
396
31

461
324
137

364
333
31

327
282
45

230

102

222
8

98
4

51
13
38

76
36
40

89
53
36

77
57

77
45
32

105

19
17

2

2

1

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

9

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

74
38
36

40
23
17

25
16
9

37
28
9

14

21
21

2
2

6

1

6

12

i

-

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

.

115
55
60

84
42
42

119

31
33

35
14
ii

14
9

23
24

14
3
14

3

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

1

8

12
2

1

/

1

7

i

ii
10

16

n

14

31

15

11

14

31

14

6

7

5

i

27

8

4

59
-

58
25

19
4
15
3

39

28
5
23
7

25

27
9
99
25
74
16

107
39

16

14
13

12

11

4

2

10

19
i7

8
6

19
15

5

4

4

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

.

11
8

34
32

8

2
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

17

27
14
13
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

234
195
39

240
163
77

237
179
58

432
393
39

61
58
3

_

13
13

1
1

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

~ IT "

— r-

14

72.00

-

-

-

3

25

40

28

94.00
99.00
84.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5

59

70
7
63

68

121

15
53

59
62

_

_

1

6

3

1

12

15

19

17

20

13

10

56

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

411
85

337
123

263
146

278
138

226
195

148

171
160

128
119

87
85

44
43

23
23

-

-

.

_

_

.

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

86!50

-

-

3, 123
1, 323

39.0
40.0

74.50
87.00

2
-

56

168

21

6

53

-

T yp ists, cla s s B ________________________
Manufacturing

-

-

11

56

-

415
25

366
49

68

121

6

72
141

40.0

62.50

253

39.0

6 6 .0 0

_

2

1

7

11

3

27

10

20

10

6

1

73

52

37

32

19

28

8

6

13

47

5
4

-

1

27

157

Pnblir u tilities 2~ ~

1

1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings c o rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours,
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.




_
_

39.5
40.0
38.5

97.50

____

_
_

37.0

36! 5

_ _______ ____

_
_

157

40.0

S erv ices

_
_

1

1, 752
1, 157
595
50

________________

_
_

16

96
19
77

12

_

.

_
_

1
8

1

154

R etail trade _____

21

.

_
_

1

16
4
3
14

1

5

3

i
i

5
3

13
3
16
4

34
7

73

86

32
32
-

_
_
.

_
_

_

1

i
i
_

1

19

47
47
-

20
11
1

16

___________________________

W holesale trade __________________
S erv ices

3
19
11

3

122

22

16
16

24

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla s s A _________________________________

77.50
82.00
73.50

1

-

__________________

39.5
40.0
39.0

64
64

17

-

W holesale trade

763
355
408
43
136
125
70

50
50

_
-

9
16

Nonmanufacturing ____________ ______

_
_
_

9
9

_
-

_
9
-

Sw itchboard op erator -re ce p tio n ists

81.00
64.50
74.50
67.50

-

_
-

_
-

W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade _______________________
Finance 3
S ervices

40.0
40.0
38.0
39.0

_
-

9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e t r o it , M ich . , J a n u a ry 1963)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

l

100.00 s1 0 5 0 0 110.00

s
9500

10500

11000

11500

120.00

S
$
11500

12000

$
s
s
s
$
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
1 2 5 0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 0 0 1 6 0 0 0 1 7 0 0 0 1 8 0 .0 0 1 9 0 .0 0 z o o o o

21000 220.00 2 3 0 0 0

1 2 5 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 1 3 5 0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 0 0 1 5 0 0 0 1 5 5 0 0 16 0 D O 1 7 0 .0 0 1 8 0 0 0 1 9 0 0 0

o

100.00

S

§
o
<J
N

s
s
s
U n d e r 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0
and
(Standard) $
u nder
8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0
Weekly

s

s

21000 220.00 2 3 0 0 0

24000

Men
D raftsm en, leader ______________________
Manufacturing _______________________
D raftsm en, senior __
Manufacturing ----Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
S e r v i c e s _______
D raftsm en, ju n ior _
M anufacturing __
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities
S erv ices ---------

599
574

4 0 .0
40. 0

3, 345

40. 0

1 6 4 . 50

2, 849
396
114
251

40. 0

1 6 6 .5 0
1 4 8 . 00
142. 00

1, 3 4 4

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

1, 0 8 7
257

40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

9
9

$ 1 9 9 . 50
2 0 0 .5 0

.

"

8
8

10
10

3
3

120

291
257
34

222
212
10

-

24

16
9
7
-

.

.

5

9

28

27

41

88

51

89

-

-

5
-

9
-

28
-

16

34
7

17
71

35
16

-

-

-

-

"

26
45

6
10

59
30

-

-

148. 00

12 8 . 00
1 3 3 . 50
106. 00

10
10

97
73
24
-

108
104
4
-

168
168
-

24

4

-

53
51

10
9
1

.
-

28
7

20
8
12
12

-

73
37

-

9

"

51
31

51
35
16
-

80
57
23

6

36
4

12
21
2

67
24
43
4

7

32

19

39

13

16

16
7

13

26

31

18

4

32

40

43

58

26

29

36
7

58

78
74

36

38. 5

110.00

215

40. 0

104. 00

7

21
1
20

133

40. 0

9 4 . 00

3 29

7

2

2

406
356
50

4 0 .0
40. 0

1 1 3 .0 0
114. 00

7
4

■ 3
-

4
-

24

39. 5

1 0 4 . 50

3

3

4

33

-

11
2

20
‘

5
25

-

170

153

26

126
44

146
7

4

34

87
84

85

94

20

8

73

1
2

12
1
10

6

4

3

1
6

170
162

10

86

8

79
7

4

6

1

Women
N urses, industrial (reg iste re d ) ________
Manufacturing _______________ ________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------- 1
3
2

21

3

6

11

4

41
40

1

2

4
2

1

3

3

3

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 8 at $ 50 to $ 55; 4 at $ 55 to $60 ; 7 at $ 60 to $ 65; 4 at $ 65 to $ 7 0 ; and 6 at $70 to $75.




5
3

34
16

101
99

87

86

138
137

77
77

88

89

28
28

571

511

464

221

145

34

4

511
60

472

10

207
14
_

19

9

3

6
_
6

1
1

-

44

8

141
4
-

3

3
4

448
16
_

28

39
17

63
63

54
54

7
7

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , D etroit, M ich. , January 1963)

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of

Average
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) _________________

■

$83. 50
196
8r ~
81. 50
114
85. 00
47
91. 50
161
119
51

69. 00
63. 50
55. 50

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs, c la s s A _________

401
1Z1
280
184

90. 50
101.00
85. 50
77. 00

1,350
1,056
31
151
80
708
86

73.
86.
69.
91.
75.
72.
64.
94.

2, 111
1,249
862
185
187
123
145
222

536
135“
400
54
175

2, 724
690
2,034
469
198
515
596
256

78.
93.
73.
89.
78.
63.
69.
73.

Public utilities 2

________________

_____________________________

(M im eograph o r Ditto)

65.
81.
60.
81.
58.

50
50
50
00
50

839
299
540
431

104.
111.
100.
106.

00
50
00
00

101.
108.
87.
98.
93.
74.
86.

00
50
50
50
50
00
50

1, 176
713
463
50
1 12
207

89.
97.
77.
95.
87.
71.

50
00
50
50
50
50

129
78
51

O ffice boys and g ir ls

_____________

______

_______

74. 50
78. 00
68. 50

739
302
437
143
150
93

Retail trade ___

____

___ ______________

__

1,482
827
655
187
148
63
179
78

92. 50
103. 00
85. 00
100.00
76. 00
78. 50
87.
95.
78.
81.
88.
73.
68.
75.

50
50
00
50
00
00
00
50

774

474
105
77
198
76
6, 052
3, 545
2, 507
407
274
262
723
841

Manufacturing

JiSkiy' .
earnings 1
(Standard)

$69.
81.
61.
66.
54.
59.
62.

00
50
00
00
00
50
00

110.00
119. 50
97. 00
106.00
107.50
90. 50
89. 50
97. 00

____________________________________

Sw itchboard op erators

_______________

__ __________

___ ____________________

W holesale trade ______________________ ________

Sw itchboard op e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists _____ _________
Manufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___ __ __ ____________________

S ervices
Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs , cla s s A ____________

2, 823
1,701
1, 122
298
258
101
343
122

87.
92.
79.
92.
85.
71.
67.
72.

00
50
00
50
00
00
50
50

2, 765
2, 235
530
191

R etail trade

N onm anufacturing __

93. 50
82. 50
75. 00

155
501
38
294

50
50
00
00
00

1,040
655
385
103
53
107
74

Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

50
50
50
00
00
50
00
50

271
139
65

$59.
64.
58.
73.
58.

S ervices
C lerk s, ord e r

00
00
50
00
50
00
50
50

120. 00
130. 00
105. 50
112.50
126.50
95. 50
91. 50
97. 50

Number
of

O ccupation and industry division

O ffice occupations— Continued

C le rk s, file , cla s s C

Manufacturing _________________




Average
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) __________
Nonmanufacturing
R etail trade
_ ................. .... _ ...

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble,

Number
of

O ccupation and industry division

101.
103.
92.
80.

00
50
00
50

949
401
548
67
87
127
122
145

84.
97.
74.
96.
81.
64.
74.
67.

00
50
00
00
00
50
50
50

773
365
408
43
136
125
70

78.
82.
73.
78.
75.
69.
73.

00
50
50
00
00
00
50

430
316
114

125. 50
128. 50
118.50

11

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , D etroit, M ich. , January 1963)

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

$102. 00 T y p is ts . c la s s A
110. 50
Manufacturing _______________________________ __
94. 00
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

T abulating-m achine o p era to rs , cla ss B __
M anufacturing __________________________
N onm anufacturing ______________________
Pu blic utilities 2 _____________________
W holesale trade _____________________
F in a n ce 3 _____________________________

625
303
322
61
117

96. 50
89. 00

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs , cla s s C
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

309
137
172

89. 00
95. 50
83. 50 T yp ists, cla s s B

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , general
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing
F in a n ce 3 _____

415
110
305
157

79.
93.
73.
72.

00
50
50
00

F in a n ce 3 ___
S ervices

_

AV
weerklye j
earnings
(Standard)

599
574

$199.50
200.50

3, 251
2, 854
397
114
252

164.50
~ r e r . 50
148. 00
142. 00
148. 00

1,359
1,094
26 5
36
223

128. 00
133. 50
105. 50
110.00
104.00

N u rses, industrial (reg istered )
___
Manufacturing ____________________________________
Nonm anufacturing
_
_

425
375
50

113. 00
114. 50
104.50

T racers

133

94. 00

O ccupation and industry division

P r o fe s s io n a l and technical occupations
1, 783
1, 175
608

$94 .00
99. 00
84. 50

50
228
155

_

Number
of

weekly l
earnings
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations-— Continued

97. 50
75. 50
86. 50

________________________________

3, 144
1,328
1,816
261
223
141
938
253

74.
87.
65.
74.
77.
62.
61.
66.

50
00
50
50
50
50
00
00

_ ___

D raftsm en, lea d er
Manufacturing

_ _

__

D raftsm en, sen ior
_
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
___
_
_
Public utilities 2 _______________________________
S ervices
_ _
_
__
D raftsm en, junior
Manufacturing

...

Earnings relate to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
T ran sp ortation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finan ce, insurance, and rea l estate.




Number
of
workers

_

.

.

_

_

__ _

_

_

__

12

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e t r o it , M ic h ., J a n u a ry 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
Under 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 *3.80 3.90 *4.00 4.10
and
$
and
1.70 under
1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 over

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly j
earnings

C arp enters, m aintenance ______________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

830
663
167

$3.24
3.30
3.02

E lectricia n s , m aintenance ____________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________

3, 604
3, 372
232

3.45
3.46
3.23

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

1

-

2

En gin eers, stationary _____________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 2 _________________
S ervices __________________________

683
528
155
30
52

3.35
3.48
2.89
3.12
2.75

-

-

-

-

2

2

6

3

7

32

F irem en , stationary b o ile r ____________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________
S erv ices _______________________________

770
678
92
55

3.13
3.21
2.53
2.31

H elpers, m aintenance trades ____________
Manufacturing _______________________

631
543

2.68
2.71

O ccupation and industry division

Public u t ilit ie s 2 __________________

40
3, 000
2, 999
1, 169
1, 109
60
58

3.44
3.46
3.09
3.08

Mechaxiics, autom otive (m a in te n a n ce )__
Manufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing __________ __________
Public u tilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade ______________________

1, 587
645
942
705
149

M echanics, m aintenance __________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________

_

_

_

_

4

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

i

6

i

-

-

3
3
3

5
5
5

i

5

-

-

-

4
-

2
-

-

4
4

-

-

1
-

12

2

6

3

7

20
2
18

32

7
1
6
2

ii
ii
i
6

-

6

-

7

16

16

9
6
3
3

13
13

24
24

6
-

36
36

-

-

6

-

-

-

12
10

16
16

3

4

-

-

1
1

10
-

-

123
117
6
3

22
2
20

19
4
15

123
120
3

161
122
39

192
189
3

190
190

19

20
10
10

-

23
22
1

53
9
44

28

52
43
9

44
35
9

95
85
10

391
390
1

134
134

28

1463
1457
6

21
13
8
3

18
9
9
4
3

33
28
5
2

29
15
14
6
-

48
24
24
16
-

64
52
12

77
75
2

-

-

7
4
3

13
13

54
54

-

-

28
28

34
34

141
138
3
-

28
26

22
22

48
47
1
-

240
237
3

-

58
35
23
8

1

-

13

6

11
11

i
i

64
64

193
193

31
31

17
16
1
1

4

-

72
2
70
53
2

19
-

-

-

106
88

71
60

43
39
4
194
167

6

10

-

-

"

-

3.15
3.27
3.08
3.14
2.86

-

-

-

-

-

2, 930
2, 751
179

3.39
3.40
3.26

M illw rights ____________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________

3, 501
3, 496

3.38
3.38

O ile rs ___________________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________

838
831

2.77
2.77

P a inters, m aintenance _________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce 3 ________________________________

648
493
155
62

3.20
3.28
2.95
2.97

P ip efitters, m aintenance _________________
Manufacturing ____________________________

1,979
1, 897

3.38
3.37

_

P lum bers, m aintenance ________________

62

3.18

-

S heet-m etal w ork ers, m aintenance ____
Manufacturing _______________________

407
386

3.38
3.39

-

T ool and die m akers ___________________
Manufacturing _______________________

4, 653
4, 652

5
-

1

5

326
228
98

6
6
-

6

28
25
3
3
-

159
153
6
5

18
18
15
8
7

6

910
2

5
4
1

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

_

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

_

-

38
32
6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

451
451

669
669

1135
1135

313
313

154
154

2
2

_

6
6

_

112
no
2
-

155
129
26
26

441
441
-

81
81
-

-

30
30
"

9
9
-

50
50
-

_

4
4

179
179
-

39
12
27
27

21
21
23
6
17
4

126
2
124
91
33

591
138
453
451
1

240
147
93
36
28

275
260
15
3
7

101
62
39
36
2

11
11

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

107
107

231
231

-

_
-

-

6
6
-

-

-

257
164
93

30
30

-

1498
1497
1

-

-

-

556 2212
551 2212

75
75

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

"

-

"

5

-

5

5

-

59
6
53

19
19
17

-

-

5

-

53

-

57
8
49
14
18

-

-

4

4

-

-

-

4

4

38
30
8

21
17
4

100
93
7

53
45
8

48
20
28

75
57
18

166
162
4

280
280

-

12
12
-

33
33

7
7

9
9

28
28

426
426

155
155

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

60
57
3

2
2

47
47
_

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
1

1
-

15
15

17
12

19
19

63
63

328
328

341
341

13
13

19
19

4
4

12
12

4
4

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

8
8

5
5
3

-

20
6
14
13

2
2
1

8
8
"

38
9
29
24

71
19
52
3

18
6
12
2

79
79

70
70

6
6

16

4
4

-

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

3
1
2
-

-

-

154
153
1
-

146
146

-

-

-

-

6
5

4
4

13
7

195
195

174
174

411
410

1042
1041

53
53

70
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

i

8

-

-

_

-

-

3
_

-

-

62
61

912

17
1
16

4

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

- 1

_

-

3.60
3.60

E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and for w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts,
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
Finance, in su ra n c e , and re a l e state.




-

1
-

21

3.48
3.48

M achinists, m aintenance ______________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 __________________

_

2.69

M ach in e-tool operator s , to o lro o m ____
Manufacturing _______________________

_
-

-

2

-

5

-

-

16
16

-

3

8

5

1

6

10

10

-

4
4

_

18
14

39
22

93
93

251
251

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

24

-

-

57
57

181
181

-

73
73

3495
3494

-

-

-

82
82

6
6

24
24

218
218

493
493

24

-

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e t r o it, M ic h . , J a n u a ry 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
5
$
Average Under $ 00 $ 10 $1. 20 $ 30 $ 40 $ 50 5 , $ 70 $1. 80 $ 90 $ 00 $ 10 $ 20 $ 30 $ 40 $ 50 $
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.60 1.
1.
2.
2.
2.60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40
hourly _
and
earnings $
and
1.00 under
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 over

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

E levator operators, passen ger ( m e n ) __
Nonmanufacturing ____________ __ __

117
81

$ 1. 59
1. 51

.

.

6
6

6
6

34
34

3
3

2
2

42
6

3
3

1
1

.

-

12
12

.

-

'

'

2
2

1
1

5
5

E levator op erators, p assenger
(women) _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___
__
Retail trade -------- — ____ _____

465
465
155

1. 39
1. 39
1. 22

9
9
9

26
26
26

45
45
33

29
29
29

90
90
32

232
232
22

12
12
3

12
12
1

_
-

_
-

-

-

2
2

_
-

8
8

-

Guards and watchmen __________________
M anufacturing _______________________

3, 634
2, 328

2. 40
2. 80

-

2
-

103
-

13
-

40
-

578
-

187
25

42
6

43
3

37
9

63
36

62
30

45
9

27
5

46
9

64
37

125
110

Watchmen ------- ------- — — — —
__
Nonmanufacturing — — — —

168
1, 306

2. 14
1.68

-

_
2

_
103

_
13

_
40

_
578

25
162

6
36

3
40

9
28

30
27

30
32

8
36

22

.
37

27

36
15

58

1

Janitors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(men) — ---------------------- __ __ __
Manufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 4 _________________
W holesale trade ____ — — — __

9, 233
6, 396
2, 837
448
176

2. 27
2. 51
1.73
2. 28
2. 03

84
84
-

35
35
-

148
148
8

201
201
9

147
16
131
8

160
16
144
-

349
17
332
7
16

489
28
461
5
-

411
83
328
4
33

137
43
94
5
-

164
3
161
19
12

150
48
102
47
10

289
88
201
115
-

277
232
45
22
2

210
189
21
15
4

779 3345
673 3178
106
167
98
81
73

1548
1522
26
16
-

F in a n ce3 --------------------------------------S ervices -----------------------------------------

580
649

1.69
1.66

-

-

83

12
80

24
19

24
15

125
31

106
177

178
80

42
13

22
84

14
10

23
5

8
10

2
-

7

-

Janitors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(wom en) ______________ ________ __ __
Manufacturing ___-___________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

1, 871
419
1, 452

1.65
2. 16
1. 51

-

28
28

59
59

116
116

211
26
185

616
1
615

119
6
113

267
96
171

57
17
1 — r
56
11

8
8

27
17
10

5
5
-

50
50
-

83
48
35

47
44
3

87
87
-

_
-

25

71

6

21

85

153

54

7

6

46

90

79

62

47

41

53

153

47

49

-

-

-

-

-

79

62

47

41

53

3
150

24
23

28

12

1

_

_

_

28

— ------- — __ --------

470

1. 62

L a b orers, m aterial handling ___________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

S ervices ----

9, 876
, 288
3, 5 8 8

2 . 57

W holesale trade ----------------- -------Retail trade --------- ------------- --------

6

2 .6 1
2. 48

916
1, 0 3 1

2,
1,
1,
,

699
015
684
102
484

1, 4 2 6
1, 1 6 7

2 . 51
2. 58
. 16

90

_

_

2 . 53

P a ck ers, shipping (men) _______________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------ -------W holesale trade __________________

46

_

2. 42

O rder fille r s _____________________ _____
Manufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------Retail trade ______________________

_

1

259
231

1. 89

2 .6 5
2. 47
2. 44
2. 50

2
2. 20

P a ck ers, shipping (women) ____________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ___________________

380

2. 35

317

1. 34

R eceiving c le r k s -------------------- -------- ------M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------W holesale trade ------- ------- -------Retail trade _____________

631

46

74

78

62

_
-

-

-

44
36

16

16

-

-

16
16

16
16

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




415
216
87
98

2. 68
2 . 79
2 .4 6

_
39

44

_
.

8

-

8
-

10
10
8

-

2

29
29

_
-

-

6
6

.

8

-

8

12
12

8
8

-

2. 55

63

-

_

_
41

53

149

23

2
2
2

22
22
22

37
37

18
15
3

-

-

48
48

4

_

-

-

2 . 70
2. 34

“

“

"

_

"

4
-

1
1
1

-

-

37

1
1

-

_

12
12
10

3
16

6
10
8
_

1

1

1

21

470
450

16
16

_

_

_

6
29!

4

"
20

11
-

.
-

.

.
-

196
184
12
11
1

67
30
37
2
-

14
14
-

33
32
1
1
-

_
-

_

_
_

_
_
_
_
.

-

_
-

_
35

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

24
24
-

42
42

8
8
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
.
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

42

-

-

-

-

-

256
145
11

327

1366
m i
255

2729
2418
311

1535

182

575

1006

1463
72

176

6
6

58
517

122
122

7
7

1005

-

-

_
-

132

14

-

_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

356
335

69

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

2
-

8
-

1

3

300

94

27
273
214

4
90
90

20

316
103

4
4

228
33
195
164

59

29
32

-

3

32

10
10

-

31

_
-

310
17
13

51

209

-

1

42

11

-

“

736
736

530
97
433

3

4

111
82

-

-

1

586
585

380
150
230

4

5

238
180

-

4
4

4

-

194
182

4

-

.

18
61

i 17

60

189

-

214

328

204

143
71
53

203
125
106

87
117
113

-

18

11

-

-

73

2

21

153
153

296
228

413
395

9
9

52
43

"

-

33
27

12

68
68

18
18

758
142
616
237
312

211
211

-

12

12

233

23

233

23

12

_

21
21

1

1
1

6

-

63
63

i

-

-

-

40
40

25
15

48
48

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
10

19
19

1
1

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

2
2
-

14

6
2
-

2
2

15

15
15

30

47

18

58

34

46

277

9

35

26

30

271

17

23

15

5
42
-

14

13

-

6

33

3

"

7

21

1

8

16

6
10

6
6

46

5

18

4

23

1
1

4

“

28

-

13

1

1

2
2

8
8

_

“

“

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e t r o it, M ic h ., J a n u a ry 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccu p a tion 1 and industry division
3
2

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
s
$
$
Average
hourly 2 Under 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30
and
earnings $
1.00 under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40

Shipping cle rk s __________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade __________________

618
526
92
67

$2.80
2.82
2.69
2.71

Shipping and receivin g cle rk s __________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities 4 __________________
W holesale trade ________________

1, 339
1,031
308
138
114

2.71
2.72
2.65
2.79
2.57

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 __________________________
7
6
Manufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

6, 637
2, 553
4, 084

2.93
2.93
2.92

W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade _______________________
S e rv ice s ___________________________

1, 254
726
105

T r u ck d riv ers , light (under
1Vi tons) ____________________________
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________

221
98
123
1, 246
664
582
252
247
56

2.86
3.07
2.62
2.80
2.45
2.58

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) ________________________
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Public u t ilitie s 4 _______________
W holesale trade _______________

3, 501
7 38
2, 763
1, 501
832

2.98
2.89
3.00
3.09
2.84

T r u ck d riv ers , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than tra iler type) _____________
Nonmanufacturing _________________

415
108

T ru ck ers , pow er (fork lift) _____________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing __________________
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade _______________________
T ru ck ers , pow er (other than
fork lift) _ ______________________________
Manufacturing ________________________

1.50

$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
*
$
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40
and
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 over

$
1.50

.
-

1
1

.
-

1
1

1
1

2 .6 0

T r u ck d riv ers , m edium (1 Vz to and
including 4 tons) ____________________
M anufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Public u tilit ie s 4 ----------------------W holesale trade _______________
R etail trade ____________________

$
1.40

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

-

9
9
-

40
13
27
25

19
5
14
13

-

30
29
1
-

25
19
6
-

396
389
7
-

31
15
16
11

5
5
-

28
3
25
8

8
8
-

55
39
16
4
8

257
220
37
8
25

645
595
50
46
i

106
61
45
28
14

30
6
24
16
-

100
76
24
24
-

92

284
65
219

569
129
440

573
440
133

646
583
63

1061
436
625

35
34
1
1

14
5
9
9

8
8
8

-

5
5
-

7
7
7

2
1
1
,
1

10
3
7
7

501 2330
189
389
312 1941

96
96

_
-

231
231
-

96
-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

2.78
2.90
2.69

-

-

-

*

2.48

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

4
4
-

35
15
20
12
3

-

18
18

4
4

8
8

10
10

13
13

5
5

1
1
-

139
28
111

76

54
46
8

-

-

18
-

-

5
-

3

6
6

5

-

108
1
-

65
5
-

1
3

108
49
23

279
21
-

3
11
20

14
1
37

327
271
10

254
55
3

275
-

-

-

18

4

8

10

1

5

-

-

18

4

8

10

1

5

-

- i l
12
2

7
7

15
15
-

22
10
12

34
27
7

25
24
1

14
10
4

41
41

3
3

-

-

-

-

19
16
3
3
-

18
16
2
1
1

170
9
161
2
108
31

251
96
155
134
9
12

101
64
37
37
-

50
47
3
2
i

47
17
30
19
4

155
150
5
1
4

87
12
75
75
-

-

-

6 231
231
-

-

-

-

-

275
4
271
263

156
68
88
62
1

379
361
18
6
12

315
99
216
9
166

313
33
280
229

1790
122
1668
1399
-

96
96
96

-

-

1
1

39
4

1
1

48
48

6
-

309
54

-

-

-

200 1420 2520
180 1381 2385
20
135
39
41
23
14
4
94

239
188
51
34
17

28
28

-

-

101
73
28
28
-

9
9

-

184
184
-

28
20

4
4

-

-

-

-

16
16

5
5

2
2

_
-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

40
40

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

114
5
109

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

*

108
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

65

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

65

8
5
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

65

-

92
46
46
25
-

3.04
3.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

4, 937
4, 419
518
159
157

2.70
2.69
2.80
2.72
2.66

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

46
31
15
15
-

38
15
23
23

53
32
21
18
3

80
80

-

7
6
i
i

470
351

2.76
2.86

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

4

I ll
6

'

1

'

D a ta li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e in d ic a t e d .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la t e s h i f t s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
I n c lu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f tr u c k o p e r a t e d .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3 .5 0 to $ 3 .6 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 .5 0 .




3
3
-

-

1
1

-

"

40

-

2.38

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

35
35

212
212

-

_

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

43
743

-

B: Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , D e t r o it, M ic h ., J a n u a r y 1 96 3)

M inim um w eek ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d . .

. . — __ _____ ._ _____ ___

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving a sp e c ifie d m in im u m __ _ _ ___
$ 4 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 4 2 .5 0 ________________________________
$ 4 2 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 4 5 .0 0
. . . . __ _. ._
_ ..
$4 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 4 7 .5 0 _________ _ _
_______
$47 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 5 0 .0 0 __ __ _______ ___________
___ _________
$50 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 5 2 .5 0 _______
$ 5 2 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 5 5 .0 0 _______ ___ _ — _____ ..
$ 5 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 5 7 .5 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . ._
$ 5 7 .5 0 and u n d e r $6 0 .0 0 ________________________________
_______ _______________
$60 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 6 2 .5 0
$6 2 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0 . . . .
. . . . . . . . ..
$6 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 6 7 .5 0
. .. . . . . . . . . . .
$67.5 0 and u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0 . . . . . . _. . . . ._ . . ..
$7 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0 . . _. . . . . . — _____
$7 2 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 . . . . . . . . . _____ _____
$7 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0
. . . . . . . . . . . . ..
$7 7 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 80.00 _______ _ __ ________ __
$ 80.00 and u n d e r $8 2 .5 0 ___ _______ — __ — _
$ 82.50 and u n d er $8 5 .0 0 _ ____ _ _ __ — — __
$8 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $8 7 .5 0 _________ _____________
$8 7 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 90.00 ______ ___________ ____
_________________________
$ 90.00 and u n d e r $ 92.50
$9 2 .5 0 and o v e r ___ . . . .
. ____ — . ..
E sta b lis h m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m _______ __
E s ta b lis h m e n ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o rk e rs
in th is c a t e g o r y ___ _____ _____ __ _____ _ _— ___

A ll
in d u s trie s

In e x p e rie n c e d ty p ists
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g
M an u factu rin g
B ased on s ta n d a rd w eekly h o u rs 3 of—
A ll
A ll
40
383/4
sch ed u le s 37V2
sch ed u le s

A ll
in d u s trie s
40

O th e r in e x p e rie n c e d c le ric a l w o rk e rs 2
M a n u factu rin g
N onm an u factu rin g
B a se d on s ta n d a rd w eek ly hours 3 of--A ll
A ll
40
383/4
sc h e d u le s
sch ed u le s 3 7 '/2

40

290

101

XXX

189

XXX

XXX

XXX

290

101

XXX

189

XXX

XXX

XXX

135
6
1
6
4
18
6
13
12
6
13
11
8
7
10
2
2
5
1
1
2
1
60

55
_
2
2
3
5
4
9
5
5
3
8
1
2
3
-

49
_
2
1
3
4
2
8
5
5
3
8
1
2
3
-

80

11
_

52

150

12
_
4
1
2
1
2
2
-

-

-

6
_
1
3
1
1
-

66

-

47
1
2
2
5
4
8
2
8
2
5
1
1
4
1
1
-

8
1
12
7
22
3
8
8
4
7
8
1
2
1
1
1
-

1
1
1
20

XXX

54
_
1
2
1
2
6
6
9
2
8
2
5
2
1
4
1
1
1
25

96

6
-/
3
4
10
1
7
3
3
5
3
3
1
1
1
-

-

6
_
1
1
1
1
1
1
-

XXX

95

26

XXX

22

XXX

1
1
-

6
1
6
4
16
4
10
7
2
4
6
3
4
2
1
2
1
1
40
69

XXX

XXX

XXX

8
1
13
7
24
4
10
14
10
16
10
9
4
6
3
1
5
1
2
2
69

XXX

XXX

XXX

71

3
1
2
2
1
1
1
-

-

-

1
-

T h e s e s a la r i e s r e la t e to f o r m a l ly e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r tin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s th a t a r e p a id
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g ir l.
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




se le c te d c a te g o r ie s

fo r

sta n d a rd

w ork w eek s.

-

8
9
6
11
1
6
4
2
6
6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
44

XXX

XXX

XXX

49

XXX

XXX

XXX




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
D e t r o it, M ic h ., J a n u a ry 1963)

P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t ia l

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T o t a l ______________

_____

U n ifo r m

9 8 .4

2 3 .7

7 .0

____________ ____ _________

9 9 .4

9 8 .4

2 3 .7

7 .0

2 8 .9

2 8 .7

6 .3

2 .7

2 .2
.5

.4

.4
.1

.9
2 .7
.8
7 .4
1 .4
.6
.4
5 .3
-

-

(2)
-

ce n ts (p e r h o u r)

—

_________

___________

9 V2 c e n t s __________________________________________
10 c e n t s ___________________________________ ______
I 0 V2 c e n t s _________
____ __________
_______
11 c e n t s ____________________________________________
1 2 c e n t s ____________________________________________
1 4 c e n t s ____________________________________________
1 5 c e n t s ________________________________________ __
16 c e n t s a n d o v e r ______________________________
p ercen ta g e

5 percen t

________

____________

_______________

________

___

_________

7 V2 p e r c e n t _____________________________ _______
10 p e r c e n t _________________________________________
1 5 p e r c e n t _________________________________ _____
O th er

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

9 9 .4

______

5 cen ts
______________ ___________________ _______
6 c e n t s ______________________
________________
6 V2 c e n t s __________________________________________
7 c e n t s _____________________________________________
7 V2 c e n t s _______________________
_____
_______
8 c e n t s _____________________________________________
8 V2 c e n t s __ ______________________________ _____
9 c e n t s ______________________ ________________ —

U n ifo r m

S e c o n d s h ift

__________

______

W ith s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

A c tu a lly w o r k in g o n —

s h ift p a y d if f e r e n t ia l

W ith n o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

_____________________
__________

-

.8
.6
1 .4
.3
.9
6 .7
.4
-

.7
2 .0
1 .5
2 .1
.4

6 .6
1 .5
4 .0
5 .3

6 8 .0

6 6 .3

6 4 .4
.5
3 .1
2 .5

-

2 .7
6 3 .2
.3
3 .4

.3
.4
.1
1 .6
.3
.1
.1
.9
-

(2 )
.3
(2 )
.1
.3
(2 )

.1

-

.4

.5
1 .0
.1

.8
.4
.3
.4

1 6 .6

4 .2

1 5 .8
.1
.7

.2
4 .1

.9

.1

_

-

_________

1 In c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
e v e n though th ey w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

17
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , D e t r o it, M ic h ., J a n u a ry 1963)

OFFICE WORKERS
W eek ly h o u rs

A ll w o r k e r s

__ ___ __

__ __ _____ __

All
industries

_ —

_

U nder 35 h ou rs
35 h ou rs
____ ___ — __________ _____ _
_ —
O v er 35 and under 37 V 2 h ou rs _________________
_____ _____ ~ _______________ __
37l /2 h ou rs
O v er 3 7 V 2 and under 40 h o u rs _
_____ _______
40 h ou rs __________ ______________________ — __
O v er 40 and under 48 h o u rs „ ________ . . __
48 h ou rs
____ __ __ __ __ _____ __
_____ ____
O v er 48 h ou rs
. . „ ~ _____ _____ _________

1
2
3
4

100

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public i
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance1
2
3

100

100

100

100

100

-

i

2
4
8
3
82
(4)
(4)

3
2
96

1
29
(4 )
70

-

-

1
4
4
88
1

-

-

-

-

T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te.
In clu d es data f o r r e a l e sta te in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




i

95
3
1

3
1
20
12
8
56

Service.

A
U 3
industries

100

100

-

29
33
1
34
3

-

-

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

-

5
1
5

(4)
(4)

-

-

-

i
i

i
i

-

-

(4)
95
1
1
1

-

-

-

96

98

-

-

87
13

-

2

1

-

i

94
4
1

-

77
-

9
3

18
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n u a r y 1 96 3)
OFFICE WORKERS

Item

A ll w o r k e r s _____________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g
paid h olid a y s ___________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g
no paid h olid a y s ________________________________

PLANT WORKERS

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance23

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

99

(4 )

.
-

.
8
1
77
7
(4)
3
3
1
-

“

“

~

52
18
11
-

-

(4 )

A
H
industries 5

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

99

85

1

1

-

-

1

15

5

N um ber o f days

1 h o lid a y ______________ __________________________
2 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
5 h olid a y s ________________________________________
6 h olid a y s ________________________________________
6 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf day _______________________
6 h o lid a y s plus 2 h alf d ays ____________________
6 h o lid a y s plus 3 h alf days _____________________
6 h olid a y s plus 4 h alf days ______ ______________
7 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _______________________
7 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d ays ____________ _______
8 h olid a y s ________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _______________________
9 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
9 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _______________________
9 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d ays _____________________
10 h olid a y s _______________________________________
12 h o lid a y s __ ____________________________________

20
3
44

0

(4 )
14
1
2
3
(4)

8

(4 )

1
4

.
15
1
85
"
-

13
2
4

79

14
7
-

(4 )

18
9
2
2
2
4
1
1
37
1
4
19
1

.
85
3
(4 )
3
7
-

-

-

12
5
-

7
-

7
8
4
60
2
_
4
1
-

-

-

1

(4 )
(4 )
26
55
13
1
3
<4 >
(4 )

-

(4 )

”

8
76
9
2
3
1
~

24
(4)
76
-

66
15
-

(4 )

2

_
87
-

"

“

T o ta l h olid a y tim e 5

12 d ays ____________________________________________
10 o r m o r e days ________________________________
9 V o r m o r e d ays ________________________________
2
9 o r m o r e d ays _______________________________ —
8 V2 o r m o r e days
______________________________
8 o r m o r e d ays __________________________________
7 V2 o r m o r e d ays
________________________________
7 o r m o r e d ays __________________________________
6 V2 o r m o r e d ays
_______________________________
6 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________
5 o r m o r e d ays __________________________ _____
2 o r m o r e d ays ________________________________
1 o r m o r e d ays _________________ -________________

1
2
3
4
5
no h alf

(4 )

5
5
12
13
17
19
77
79
99
99
99
99

.

1
1
7
7
91
92
100
100
100
100

_

.

.

-

4
4
6
6
19
19
48
48
100
100
100
100

-

-

85
85
100
100
100
100

-

7
21
100
100
100
100

1
23
24
61
62
66
71
73
82
100
100
100
100

7
7
11
14
99
99
99
99

(4
(4
(4
(4

4
4
72
72
97
97
98
99

)
)
)
)

-

-

-

-

1
1
6
6
92
92
99

_

99
99
99

-

76
76
100
100
100
100

2
2
2
2
7
7
34
34
100
100
100
100

-

_
_

_
_
_

_

>

_

1
1
6

_

7
7
93
93
93
99

6

66
70
79
85

T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er pub lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l esta te in add ition to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 d ays in c lu d e s th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s , 5 fu ll d ays and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cu m u lated .




19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n u a r y 1 96 3)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s

______________________________________

PLANT WORKERS

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

All 3
industries

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities 1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
96
4
-

99
92
8

100
90
10
-

100
99
1
-

100
97
3

100
98
2
-

97
96
1
-

"

■

■

( 4)

(4)

"

“

2
40
4

1
65
7
2
-

4
27
21
6
3

6
11
1
(4)
-

7
4
1
-

41
-

6
4
5
-

-

-

3
10
2
-

2
34
-

-

2
25
9
3
-

-

-

_
57
43
_

_
20
80
-

_
2
(4)
98
-

(4)
83
8
8
1

( 4)
89
6
3
1

_
70
30
-

65
20
15
-

-

_
28
68
3
-

_
67
33
-

-

_
51
16
30
4
-

-

-

-

_
83
2
7
4

6
16
78

10

70
4
25
(4)
1

83
6
9
1
1

33

98

38
1
62

68

5
54
39
1
1

4
76
18
1
1

4
54
41
1
1

3
75
20
1
1

M ethod o f paym ent
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a ca tio n s ------- ------------- -----------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e p aym ent ____________________
P e r c e n ta g e paym ent ----- -----------------------------F la t -s u m p aym ent -----------------------------------------O th er ___
--------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ______________________________

99
99
(4)
-

•

(4)

-

-

3

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5

A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____
________ ________________
1 wppk
O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eek s
_______________________________ ________
O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s _

1
55
20
1
(4)

1
60
31
(4)

_
14
1
85
(4)
-

_
5
( 4)
95
-

44
(4)

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ---------------------— — — — —
— — — _____ — __
1 w eek — — — ______
O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks ______________________
2 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and und er 3 w eeks ---------------------------------3 w eeks ----------- — ------- — __ — — --------------

-

A fte r 2 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks ---------------------------------2 w eeks ----------— ------- — — — — — —
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------------------------------3 w eek s
— _____________________________________

3
2
95
1
-

2
-

98

2
-

5
-

_
-

-

100
-

82
8
-

-

-

-

*

-

-

91
4
-

1
( 4)
98
1
1

1
(4)
98

_

1

_

5

-

-

-

-

-

100

100

-

-

-

1

-

-

96
4
-

1
(4)
98
1
1

1
( 4)
98
(4)
1

_

_

(4)

-

-

100

100

-

-

-

66

32
-

-

-

-

(4)

-

-

8
8
84

2

64
2
25
2
4

A fte r 3 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________ — —
O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks --------------------------- —
2 w eek s
... .
.................. ........... „
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eeks ---------------------- --------3 w eek s ___________________________________________

-

87
8
(4)

_

5

-

-

100
-

-

99

-

98

-

-

-

(4)

-

-

_

8
8
84

-

34
2
55
2
4

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------------------------------------------------ --------------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eek s -________________
O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eeks
--------------------------------------- -------------

S ee footn otes at end o f table.




96
4

100
-

87
8
(4)

-

99
-

( 4)

-

1
99
-

26
9
55
2
4

20
Table B-5. Paid Vacations— Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n u a r y 1 96 3)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance2

Services

A
U
industries

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

A m oun t o f v a ca tio n p a y 5— C ontinued
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek . . __ . — . . . . ___________ _________
2 w e e k s ____ ___ „_______________________ __________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ____ __________________________ — ---------

89
4
7

_
61
4
35

_
87
2
11

_
64
8
28

_
87
5
7

_
90
7
2

_
52
47
1

_
21
4
56
20

_
11
2
87
-

_
36
3
51
9

_
18
56
21
(4 )
4

_
8
79
12
(4 )
1

_
18
4
59
20

_
11
2
84
3
-

_
34
3
54
9

_
14
56
25
(4)
4

_
7
79
13
(4)
1

_
48
52
-

-

_
32
4
63
1

2
97
(4)
1

2
97
1

21
79
1

9
71
20

4
88
4
4

23
3
64
9

7
3
83
4
4

2
4
88
5
1

_
100
_

5
(4 )
83
1
12

2
93
1
4

2
77
21

21
59
21

8
54
38

4
80
16

23
3
48
25

6
3
72
5
14

2
4
84
7
3

70
30

5
( 4)
63
1
31
( 4)

2
85
2
11

2
24

23
3
40
33

6
3
62
5
23

2
4
79
7
8

18
82

i

_
98
2

(4)
86
7
7

87
11
2

(4)
20
5
73
2

1
11
8
80
(4 )

«
55
45
-

(4 )
16
5
76
(4)
2

1
9
8
82
(4 )

_
51
49
-

5
(4 )
92
1
3

_

_
99
1

_
86
14

68
32

_

_
55
8
34
3

_
22
57
22

_
80
2
15
-

_
38
10
49
3

_
19
_
60
_
22

.
58
2
37
-

23
74
_
3

13
_
64
_
22

55
2
40
_

23
45
32

11
35
_
55

55
2
38
_
2

23
_
35
-

11
_
16
_
73

55
2
37
_
2

.
90
2
5

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________ ___ ______ ___ _______ ____
2 w e e k s _____ ________ ___ ___________ __________ __
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s _ _____ __ — — —
3 w eek s ____ ______ ______________________ ______
O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ______________________

_
59
41
-

(4 )

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____ _____ ___ ______ _____ _____________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ______________________
------------------ -------------3 w e e k s _ ------- ------O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

(4 )

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ____ _____ __ _____ _____ ________ —
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s _ __ ________ ______
3 w e e k s _ ___________________ _____ _____________
O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ____ ______ _________
4 w e e k s ____ ___ __________ ________ ___ ______ __

-

(4 )

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ____ ___ ___ __
_____ _____ ________ ____
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s _ ____________ __ ________ __ _____ __
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _ ________ _______ __
4 w e e k s _ _____ ___ ___ ___ __________ ___ ___ __ __

.

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eeks _
__ ____________ . .
„ --------O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s _ ________
_____ _____ ________ __
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s . _____ _____ — —
4 w eek s __ ____ __ _________________ ___________ _____
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____ __
__ _______________ __ —

-

74

21
-

44
35

8

4

-

-

16
76

43
51
1

_

42

j t i _____
1 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilitie s .
2 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te.
3 In clu d es data f o r r e a l esta te in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
5 In clu d es paym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f tim e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in gs o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s i s ;
o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fle c t the in divid u al p r o v is io n s
ch an ges in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e.
Th us, the
m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th o se w ho r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
_




’
,, ”
fo r ex a m p le , a p aym ent of 2 p e r c e n t
fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le, the
p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay o r

21

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , 1 D e tr o it, M ic h ., Jan uary 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

T yp e of ben efit
All
industries

A ll w o r k e r s

____________

________

_____________

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

AH
industries 4

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
L ife in s u ra n ce ________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n ce ____________________ __ _________
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e or
s ick le a v e or both 56 ________________________

97

99

99

87

92

96

90

98

99

100

92

95

81

63

72

39

49

49

61

44

66

71

50

74

52

48

87

97

85

75

70

75

60

94

98

83

92

83

73

S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e ________
S ick lea v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) __________________________
S ick lea v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aitin g p e r io d ) __________________________

60

92

10

50

38

7

32

84

98

21

81

53

70

68

71

80

58

23

71

53

11

4

63

32

20

11

4

1

3

8

39

2

-

5

-

4

5

31

-

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u ra n ce ___________________
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce ___________________________
M e d ica l in s u ra n ce ____________________________
C a ta strop h e in s u ra n ce _______________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s i o n __________________________
N o health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan _____

92
92
85
61
85
1

99
99

73
73
67
80

82
80
57
38

99
99
91
3
94

71
71
70
70
82

88
88
46
14
52
2

86
86
66
14
52

86
86
60
3

54

74
74
55
37
47
5

94
94
83

74

96
96
88
71
90
2

4

6

94
62

94
(‘ )

7

74
74-

64
26
57
7

9
82
1

8

1 Inclu des th ose plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a part of the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r , ex ce p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts such as w o r k m e n 's c om p en sa tion , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d
r e tir e m e n t.
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te.
* In clu des data fo r r e a l estate in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
5 U nduplicated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a ve or s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly be lo w .
S ick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to those w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m num ber of d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e c te d by ea ch e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an individ ual b a s is a re exclu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i ll e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) —U s e s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
/shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h in e )—U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B —Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A—
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

C l a s s B —Sorts,

codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing theitems
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss




C—
Performs

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss

A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,

follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRI
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C l a s s C —Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C l a s s A—
Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C la ss B —
Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gx.«.s nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a ­
tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepajr building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, bencnes, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one ormore workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific o t general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h -

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the wort of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose Source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for die production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a ry d u t i e s invQlve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W o rk e rs p rim a r ily e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

rep a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or b e a t in g s y s t e m s are e x c l u d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision me suring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d a t g a te an d c h e c k on id e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

31
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve

a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y i n v o l v e o n e or m ore o f
the f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a ke
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s a re e x c l u d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve
in g :

o n e 'or m ore o f th e f o l l o w -

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
p in g

w ork

in v o lv e s :

routes, available means of transportation and rates; ana prtparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight

and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­

and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.

barrow.

direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.

L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s are e x c l u d e d .

S h ip ­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

w ork

in v o lv e s:

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g an d r e c e i v i n g c le r k

32

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t b e - r o a d d r iv e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x c l u d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (f o r k l i f t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r than fo r k l if t )

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , li g h t (u n d e r 1% t o n s )

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (1% t o a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , tr a ile r t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tr a ile r t y p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Occupational W age Su rveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y in d ica t in g d a te s o f e a r l i e r s t u d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s
is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the Su pe rin te n de n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U. S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 25, D. C. ,
o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lle tin
number

P rice

A k r o n , O h i o _________________________________
A lb any—S ch e n e cta d y ^ -T ro y , N. Y . _________
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . --------------------------------A lle n to w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s to n , P a . —N. J.
Atla nta, Ga. ________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d. _____________________________
B e a u m o n t— o r t A r t h u r , T e x . _____________
P
B i r m i n g h a m , A la . _________________________
B o i s e , I d a h o _________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . ______________________________

1303-81
1303-56
1 3 0 3 -6 7
1 3 4 5 -4 5
1 3 0 3 -6 5
1 3 4 5 -2 3
1 3 0 3 -7 8
1 3 0 3 -5 9
1303-77
1 3 4 5-1 5

25
25
25
20
30
25
25
30
25
25

cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts

B u ff a lo , N. Y. _______________________________
B u r lin g to n , V t.______________________________
Canton, O h i o ________________________________
C h a r le s t o n , W. Va. _________________________
C h a r lo tt e , N. C. _____________________________
C h atta n o o ga , T e n n . - G a . ___________________
C h ic a g o , 111. ________________________________
C in cin n a ti, Ohio—
Ky. ______________________
C le v e la n d , O h i o _____________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h i o _____________________________

1 3 4 5 -3 0
1 3 0 3 -5 0
1303-62
13 0 3-6 1
1 3 0 3 -6 0
1 3 4 5 -8
1303-64
1 3 0 3 -5 5
1345-14
1 3 4 5 -2 8

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25

ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

D a l l a s , T e x . ________________________________
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Island— o lin e , Iowa—111.
M
D ayton , O h i o ________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . ______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa __________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . ______________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . ___________________________
G r e e n B a y, W is . ___________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S. C. ___________________________
H ouston , T e x . ’ ______________________________

1 345-21
1 3 4 5 -1 8
1 3 4 5 -3 5
1 3 4 5 -3 2
1 3 4 5-4 2
1 3 4 5 -4 7
134 5-2 7
1 3 4 5 -3
1303-70
1 3 0 3 -7 9

25
25
20
25
20
25
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind. _____________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . ______________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . _____________________
K a n s a s City, M o . —K a n s . ____________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N. H. ..
L ittle R o ck —N o rt h L it tle R o c k , A r k .
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif. ___
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —Ind. _________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . _________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. ____________________
M e m p h i s , Ten n. ______________________

1 3 4 5 -2 6
1345-43
1 3 4 5 -3 9
1 3 4 5 -2 2
1303-76
13 4 5-7
1 3 0 3-5 3
13 0 3-5 1
1 3 0 3 -7 4
1 3 4 5 -2
1 3 4 5 -3 6

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts




A rea

B u lle tin
number

P rice

M ia m i, F la . _________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is. _____________________________
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n. ______________
M u sk eg on —M u sk e g o n H e ig h ts , M ic h . ____ _
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity, N. J. _____________
N ew H aven, Conn. ___________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a . ___________________________
N ew Y o r k , N. Y . ______________________________
N o rfo lk —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H am pton , V a. ______________________________
O k la h om a C ity, O kla. _______________________

1345-33
1303-57
1 3 4 5 -3 8
1303-68
1 3 4 5 -4 6
1 3 4 5 -3 7
1 3 4 5 -4 4
1 3 0 3 -5 8

20
25
25
25
25
20
25
30

1 3 0 3 -7 5
1 3 4 5 -6

20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

O m ah a, N e b r .- I o w a _________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n — a s s a ic , N. J . ___________
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — J . ______________________
N.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . _______________________________
P itts b u r g h , P a . ______________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e _____________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g . —W a sh . _____________________
P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck e t, R. I . —M a s s . ______
P
R a le ig h , N. C. ________________________________
R ich m o n d , V a . _______________________________

1 3 4 5 -1 2
1 3 0 3-7 1
1 345-31
1303-54
1 3 4 5 -4 0
1 3 4 5 -2 4
1303-72
1303-66
13 4 5-1
1 3 4 5-1 9

20
25
30
25
25
20
25
25
20
20

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

R o c k fo r d , 1 1 1 . __________________________________________
St. L o u is , M o . — 1 1 .__________________________________
1
Salt Lake C ity, U t a h _________________________
San A n to n io , T e x . ____________________________
San B e r n a r d in o —R iv e r s id e —O n ta rio , C a lif.
San D ie g o , C a lif. ____________________________
San F r a n c is co—O akland, C a l i f . _____________
Savannah, G a. ________________________________
S cra n to n , P a . ________________________________
S e a ttle , W a sh . ________________________________

1 3 0 3 -6 9
134 5-1 7
1 3 4 5-2 5
1 3 0 3 -6 3
13 4 5-9
1 3 4 5-1 0
1 3 4 5 -3 4
1 3 0 3 -8 0
13 4 5-5
1 3 4 5 -4

30
25
25
25
20
25
25
25
15
25

cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts

S iou x F a lls , S. D ak. _________________________
South B en d, Ind. _____________________________
S p ok an e, W ash . ______________________________
T o le d o , O h i o __________________________________
T r e n to n , N. J. ________________________________
W a sh in gton , D. C .—M d .—V a . _______________
W a te rb u ry , Conn. ___________________________
W a t e r lo o , I o w a _______________________________
W ich ita , K a n s. _______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . ___________________________
Y o r k , P a . _____________________________________

1 3 4 5 -1 3
1 3 0 3 -5 2
1 3 0 3-7 3
1 3 0 3 -4 7
13 4 5-2 9
1 3 4 5-1 6
1 3 0 3 -4 8
1 3 4 5 -2 0
1 345-11
1303-82
1 345-41

20
25
20
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
20

cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts




D E P A R T *^

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102