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Occupational Wage Survey
COLUMBUS, OHIO




NOVEMBER 1963

Bulletin No. 1385-25
February 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is designed
to provide data on occupational earnings, and establishment
practices and supplementary wage provisions. It yields
detailed data by selected industry divisions for metropolitan
area labor markets, for economic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (a) the movement of
wages by occupational category and skill level, and (b) the
structure and level of wages among labor markets and
industry divisions.

__

Tables:
1 . Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied_______ __ ___________ . ____________
2 Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods________

.

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - l . Office occupations—
men and women.
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
men and women____ ____________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined .
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations__
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations.
Appendix: Occupational descriptions.

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Columbus, Ohio, in November 19&3. It was prepared in the
Bureau’ s regional office in Cleveland, Ohio, by Donald J.
McNulty, under the direction of Elliott A. Browar, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




3

areas.

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cover.)

Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in the
Columbus area, are also available for building construction,
printing, local-transit operating employees, and motortruck
drivers and helpers.

Hi

r- oo o

A preliminary report and an individual area
bulletin present survey results for each labor market
studied. After completion of all of the individual area
bulletins for a round of surveys, a two-part summary
bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each
of the labor markets studied into one bulletin. The second
part presents information which has been projected from
individual labor market data to relate to economic regions
and the United States.

Int r odu ct i on__ _________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups_

11




Occupational Wage Survey—Columbus, Ohio
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor’ s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,
as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -series tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected biennially in
this area.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced women office workers; shift differentials; scheduled
weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans are presented (in the B -series tables) in previous
bulletins for this area.
1




2

Table 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in C olum bus, Ohio, 1
by m ajor industry division, 2 Novem ber 1963
W ork ers in establishm ents

Number of establishments
Industry division

Studied

Within scope
of study4

Studied

457
M anufacturing.......................... -------------------- ----- ------ ------ ------ -------------------------------- ---------------- -------------- ------—
Nonmanufacturing
Transportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5
—
W holesale trade 6
Retail trade 6
Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te 6
S e r v ic e s 6*7
_
__

Within scope
of study3

141

1 1 8 ,5 0 0

82, 160

182
275

65
76

64, 000
5 4 ,5 0 0

4 8 ,4 0 0
33, 760

31
59
85
45
55

18
10
22
12
14

1 3 ,3 0 0
5, 700
1 7 ,9 0 0
9 ,4 0 0
8, 200

1 1 ,8 2 0
1 ,4 2 0
10, 240
6 ,0 6 0
4, 220

1 The Columbus Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea con sists of Franklin County. The "w o r k e r s within scope of study" estim ates shown in
this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not
intended, however, to serve as a ba sis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to m easu re em ploym ent trends or le v e ls since
(1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data compiled considerably in advance of the pa yroll period studied, and (2) sm all
establishm ents are excluded fro m the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifyin g establishm en ts by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minim um lim itation (50 em ployees).
A ll outlets (within the area) of
com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes all w orkers in all establishm ents with total employment (within the area) at or above the m inim um lim itation (50 em ploy ees).
5 Taxicabs and serv ice s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a l l indu stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Se rie s A tab les. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to
m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) resp onse w as insufficient or inadequate to perm it
separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isclosu re of individual establishm ent data.
7 H otels; personal s e rv ic e s ; bu siness s e rv ic e s ; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering
and architectural s erv ice s.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods, Columbus, Ohio
Index
(January 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group

P e rcen ts of in crease

Novem ber 1963

D ecem ber 1962
to
Novem ber 1963

February 1962
to
D ecem ber 1962

January 1961
to
F ebruary 1962

A ll industries:
O ff ic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )
Industrial nu rses (men and w om en)_________
Skilled maintenance (m en)____________________
Unskilled plant (men)__________________________

107.2
109.3
108.1
109.9

3.2
4.7
2.2
3.1

1.5
2.7
2.8
3.5

2.2
1.6
2.9
3.0

M anufacturing:
O ff ic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )
---Industrial nurses (men and w om en)_________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en )
U n sk ille d plan t (m e n )
_ -

108.4
109.2
108.7
107.9

3.3
5.2
3.5
3.1

2.4
2.7
2.4
1.2

2.5
1.1
2.6
3.3

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is , the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the .labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

4

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Columbus, Ohio, November 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A rau oi

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

workers

$40
Weekly.
Weekly,
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
$45

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$ 140

$145

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

over

_
.
-

5
2
3

24
16
8

16
8
8

17
10
7

12
10
2

12
8
4

3
2
1

4
4

8
8
-

and

Men
C lerk s, accounting, cla ss A
__ Manuf actur jpg------------- , ----------- ------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------- ---

118
83
35

40.0
39.5
40.0

$108.00
110.50
102.50

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

_
-

1
1

3
2
1

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss B--------------------M anufacturing -

47
31

40.0
39.5

83.50
86.00

_

_

_

_

7
3

1
-

8
2

3
3

2
2

10
10

4
3

7
7

_

2
-

2
1

1

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

C lerk s, o r d e r Manuf actur ing-------------- ---------------------Nonm anufacturing—------------------------ ------

119
41
78

40.0
40.0
40.0

96.50
107.00
91.50

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

4
1
3

4
4
-

_
-

18
6
12

29
1
28

6
6

4
1
3

2
2

_
-

18
4
14

3
3
-

9
6
3

3
1
2

6
6
-

9
6
3

81
34
47

40.0
39.5
40.0

64.50
70.00
61.00

_

2

19
4
15

16
7
9

15
6
9

11
5
6

1

3
3

2

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla s s A ____ —----------- _
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing------------------- --- ---------

65
30
35

40.0
40.0
39.5

120.50
128.50
113.50

-

.
-

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla s s B________
. Manuf actur ing
N onm anufacturing_____________________

87
38
49

39.0
39.5
38.0

95.50
98.50
93.50

-

.
-

-

.
"

.
-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p era tors,
cla ss C _ ----------- — Nonmanufacturing---- ------------------------ ---

71
53

39.5
39.5

83.00
93.50

-

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

B ille r s , m achine (billing m a ch in e )______

39

39.0

74.00

_

_

_

2

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m ach in e).__ —
___
Mnnm ani^f^ pairing

37
36

40.0
40.0

62.50
62.50

1
j

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla ss A ________ -_____ —_________________

59

39.5

80.00

-

-

385
61
324

40.0
39.5
40.0

61.00
73.50
58.50

.
-

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss A -------------------Manuf actur jpg------------------------------N onm anufacturing.
.
P u blic utilities 3____________________

274
87
187
29

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

85.50
91.00
83.00
87.50

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss B—
M anufacturings— _______________ ,.rNonmanuf actur ing— . — ---- ------------------P u blic u tilities 3------------------------------

587
188
399
30

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

69.50
74.50
67.00
85.00

C lerk s, file , cla s s A -------------------------------Nonm anufacturing--------- —----------- --------

59
37

40.0
40.0

79.50
77.00

O ffice b o y s___——

-

-

4
4
-

l
1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

1
1
-

1
1
'

4
4
-

3

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

1

9
7
2

_

2
.
-

1
1

3
2
1

3
3

2
1
1

3
2
1

5
2
3

7
3
4

9
2
7

11
11

6
3
3

_
-

5
5
-

.
-

2 10
10
-

4
4
*

7
7

2
1
1

3
3

29
14
15

18
4
14

3
1
2

7
2
5

9
8
1

1
1

4
4
-

.
-

_
.
-

.
-

.
_

_
-

3
2

4
2

15
15

22
10

10
10

11
11

3
3

-

3

.
-

.
-

.

.

_

-

-

.
-

_
-

.

-

3

11

_

6

15

1

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

16
16

3
2

4
4

12
12

-

3

13

-

-

5

4

22

7

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

30
30

115
115

59
59

63
8
55

40
21
19

21
9
12

34
10
24

10
7
3

8
2
6

-

2
2

1
-

.

.
-

2
2
-

-

.
"

.
_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

1

8

8

-

-

-

-

-

_
.
~

-

1
-

_
-

49
12
37
1

35
4
31
1

37
16
21
7

29
13
16
14

10
3
7
-

23
11
12
-

24
20
4
1

34
34
_
“

30
13
17
4

15
6
9
4

13
10
3
3

_
_
_
-

_
.
_
_

_
.
-

_
.
_
_
_
-

6

_

_

_

_
-

.

_
.
_
_
.
“

_
.
.
_
.
-

7

1
.
1
1
1

9
9
_
_
.

_
-

37
37
-

1
1
1
_
_
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

W om en

B ookkeeping-m achine o p erators,
cla s s B__ —
__
___ — _
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

See footnotes at end of table.




. ..

47
12
35
_

1
2

8
-

8
-

40
8
32
4

106
23
83
-

96
43
53
2

81
30
51
5

67
23
44
2

46
17
29
9

14
11
3
-

4
4

10
9

9
7

16
4

3
3

2

3

6

-

1

1

1

.

“

_

_

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Columbus, Ohio, November 1963)
Anua
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$40
Weekly, and
earnings1 undei
(Standard) (Standard)
$45

$45
_

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

NUMBER 07 WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$75
$80
$85
$90
$95 $100 $105 $110 $115
$120

$75

$80

$85

$95

$90

$100

$105

$110

$115

$125

$130

$135

$140
.

$135

$140

$145

$120

$125

$130

.
_
_
_
-

3
3

$145
and

W om en— Continued
C le rk s , file , c la s s B ________ _________
M anufacturing_______________________ __
N onm anufacturing ________________ __
Pu blic u tilities 3___________________

260
51
209
32

39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0

$60.50
64.50
59.50
70.00

C lerk s , file , c la s s C ____________________

245
203

39.0
39.0

55.00
52.50

C lerk s , o rd e r

147
107

39.0
38.5

.
2
2

4
4
-

83
10
73
-

66
6
60
-

30
6
24
4

30
13
17
8

27
27

147
146

37
15

6
6

15
7

_

5
4

7
5

22
22

_
-

_
-

8
5
3

13
6
7

-

17
17

73.50
73.00

________________

. ______

C lerk s , p a y r o l l __________________________
M anufacturing________________________ _
N onm anufactur ing_____________________

191
86
105

39.5
39.5
39.5

79.50
83.00
77.00

C om ptom eter o p e r a to r s __________________
M anufacturing______ i __________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

174
67
107

39.5
39.5
39.5

81.50
96.00
72.00

_

33
12
21
19
_

7
3
4
1
_

3
_
3

1
1
_

3

10

_

1

10
10

29
14

40
24

10
5

10
10

10
10

4
3

8
3
5

16
1
15

9
8
1

45
14
31

25
10
15

13
6
7

29
15
14

5
4
1

12
7
5

4
4
-

!
_
1

.
_
-

28
1
27

14
1
13

17
2
15

19
9
10

9
2
7

8
5
3

11
10
1

17
9
8

16
10
6

2
2
-

6
6
-

10
10
-

1
1

3
3

24
24

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

10
9

_
_
_
-

3
3
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

3

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

D uplicating-m a ch ine o p era to rs
(M im eograph o r D itto)__________________

26

39.5

69.00

-

-

6

1

8

-

1

-

6

3

1

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A _________ _
M anufacturing..________________________
Nonm anufacturing ________ _____ __

137
64
73

38.5
40.0
37.5

80.50
91.50
71.00

_
_
-

13
_
13

23
.«
23

17
2
15

31
13
18

15
15
-

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

69.50
77.00
65.50
80.50

51
7
44
-

64
19
45
-

60
7
53
-

47
8
39
3

60
21
39
9

13
7
6
6

O ffice g i r l s ______________________________ _
Nonm anufacturing ______ ______

134
119

38.0
38.0

58.00
56.50

8
8

42
41

48
47

18
12

1
1

12
9

-

29
13
16
4
1
-

8
6
2
11
6
5
2
1
-

2
_
2

404
135
269
35

_
1
1
-

_
_
-

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B ______
M anufacturing_______________________ _
N o nma nuf a c tu r i ng ____ _________ __
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3_____ _ __ ____

_
_
-

3
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S e c r e ta r ie s _______________________________
M anufacturing__________
N onm anufacturing____ ______________ _
Pu blic u tilities 3 _________ _____

1,403
481
922
110

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

92.50
97.50
89.50
106.00

.
-

.
-

2
2
-

5
1
4
-

32
2
30
-

49
8
41
-

114
30
84
1

152
25
127
3

151
52
99
6

142
34
108
6

189
73
116
4

127
36
91
18

108
42
66
17

71
31
40
11

116
82
34
20

70
35
35
2

18
4
14
7

30
19

7
2
5
3

3
1
2

2

Stenographers, g e n e r a l__________________
M anufacturing
_ _ _ _ _
Nonm anufacturing____________:______ _
Pu blic u tilities 3 ____
__

568
288
280
129

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

80.50
85.50
75.00
82.00

-

_

3

_
-

1

101
57
44
11

59
14
45
12

68
39
29
14

71
28
43
27

36
18
18
18

36
13
23
21

28
22
6
6

98
92
6
6

S tenograp hers, sen ior _ _ __ _______
M anufacturing __
_ ____ ____ __
N onm anufacturing.._________ ,_________

364
251
113

39.5
40.0
39.0

91.50
97.00
79.00

-

-

-

-

3
1
1

54
3
51
12

1

.
-

13
2

3
3

11
H

20
2
18

24
10
14

24
10
14

39
18
21

44
27
17

47
44
3

10
10
-

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s ___________________
M anufacturing..______________________ _
N onm anufacturing_____________________
Pu blic u tilities 3___________________

161
42
119
29

41.0
39.5
41.5
40.0

72.00
83.50
68.00
81.50

_

12

19

10

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ____
M anufacturing.._______________________
Nonmanufacturing

236
104
132

39.5
40.0
39.5

68.50
69.00
68.50

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
____ _
Nonm anufacturing_____________________

67
56

38.5
38.0

89.50
86.00

See footnotes at end of table.




40
21
19
9
_

15
14
1
1

-

-

-

_

19
_
-

10
-

17
7
10
-

19
3
16
4

10
4
6
-

18
5
13
7

22
5
17
9

11
2
9
3

10
3
7
6

1
1

12
_
-

30
11
19

52
29
23

55
23
32

51
18
33

25
13
12

9
1
8

9
6
3

2
2

1
1

2
2

-

8
8

“

3
3

10
9

1
-

18
15

_
"

_
"

_

3
3

9

15
4
11
3

_

_

_

_

_

l
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

34
32
2

90
90

13
4
9

4
4

_

_
_
-

_

3
3

8
8

l
1

_
_

.

2

_

_
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

1

_

_

_

2
2

4
4

5
5

5
4

3
3

_
-

5
-

_

_ _

-

-

-

_
-

-

6
Table A-L Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Colum bus, Ohio, N ovem ber 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A nusi
Number
__of

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

W«ekfr
boon
(Standard) (Standard)

$40
and
under
$45

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

ov er

1

1

2

2
2

-

-

-

8
6
2
1

4
4

6
6

8
8

2
1
1

4

-

-

-

-

-

_

and

W om en— Continued
Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s C __ ~ _
— ...

74

39 .5

$78.00

-

-

1

-

-

16

5

23

18

2

5

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs,
g
Y till ___ j________________ — _______________
M anufacturing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------

288
69
219

3 8.5
4 0 .0
38.0

68. 50
73.00
67.00

-

-

32

11
-

11

35
9
26

42
18
24

11
5
6

6
1
5

1
10

-

32

78
29
49

-

-

“

60
4
56

11

-

-

T yp ists, c la s s A
—
M anufacturing_______________________ —
N onm anufactur ing ------------- ------------ ---------Pu blic u t ilitie s 3

342
128
214
48

3 9.5
4 0 .0
39.0
4 0 .0

76.00
82.00
73.00
74. 50

22
-

45
6
39
1

31
14
17
10

51
13
38
21

81
49
32
3

47
7
40
10

31
9
22
2

8
6
2

T yp ists, cla s s B
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities 3

914
203
711
59

39.0
3 9.5
39.0
4 0 .0

61.50
68.50
59. 50
73.00

267
28
239
4

211
29
182
16

95
40
55
5

35
17
18
13

53
41
12
7

18

22
12
10
9

6
----- 1
5

_
—

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

_

-

-

3

198
18
180

”

“

"

22
-

16

2
1

“

4
4

*
*

-

“

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly h ou rs.
2 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 5 at $14 5 to $150; 3 at $155 to $160; and 2 at $160 to $165.
3 T ran sp ortation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Colum bus, Ohio, N ovem ber 1963)
A nuai

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
worken

Weekly,
Weekly 1
hours 1
2 earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Under
$65

$65
and
under
$70

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$11 5

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

over

-

49
3l

27

30

23

li

4
4

.
34
25
9

73
64
9

-

1
1

-

-

-

29
29
_
-

1

6

.

.

3
2

5
1

and

Men
D raftsm en, s en ior____ __________________________________
M anufacturing ___
. . .

401
293

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$123.50
124.00

D raft sm en , junio r ----------------------------____________________
.

261
190
71

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

93.50
94.50
90.50

-

.
1
1

. . . .

28

4 0 .0

85.00

25

1

56
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

99.50
100.50

_

.

M a n u fa c tu rin g

Nonmanufacturing
T r a c e r s ..

.

.

. .

____

. .

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

14
12

31
14

33
33

40
28

46
41

54
37

48

14
3

25

17
8

21
ll
10

26
12
14

17
14
3

20
18
2

19
19
-

7
7
“

“

_

.

8

1

6

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

10
9

8
7

6
5

7
6

2
2

3
2

7
7

4
Z~ —

x
r~

_

_

_

■

“

“

"

32

-

W om en
N u rses, industrial (reg istered )
M anufacturing-

-

-

”

"

1 Standard hours re fle c t the w orkweek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hou rs.
2 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 4 at $ 50 to $55 ; and 1 at $60 to $ 6 5 .




_
—

7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straight>time w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry divisio n , Colum bus, Ohio, N ovem ber 1963)

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

O ccupation and industry division

Average
w
eekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

Number
of

O ccupation and industry d ivision

41

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a c h in e ).---------------------. . .

$75.00

C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs — —

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)— ---—

_

---

------

37
W ~

B ook keeping-m a ch ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A -------------BOf>kkefT4 ig TYiarW«» ftper 9trtr« Maaa R
m
M anufacturing. _ __ _
. --------N m anufacturing _
Tnn
_
—

arrm infing

------

..

r la c c A
------

rlaae R

fil a

rla s e A

N n

g~~~*"

rtlaflraj fil**, rlaae R ,
yan n fartiirin g
Nnn pi a nri f;ar tr1r in
P u b lic u tilities 2._
P 1a a filo rla ee P.
N onm anufacturing

.

401
71
330

634
219
415
35

I^onmanufacturing
P n h lir iitiliH »a 2
C 1akIto
*

60
37

~
...............
_ ___
........
. . . .
. . . . . .

__ . . . .
-

—

272
51
221
32
246
263

$118.50
126.00
112.00

68. 00

Tabulating-m achine op e r a to r s , c la s s B
Manufactur ing
N onmanufactur ing____________ _____________________

154
49
105

93. 00
100.00
89. 50

80. 50
91. 50
71.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s C
Nonmanufacturing

69. 50
77.06
65. 50
80. 50

T ra n scribin g-m ach in e op e r a to r s , g e n e r a l— — ——
Manufactur ing____ __ ____ ____— ___________________
Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------------------

312
69
243

67. 50
73. 00
66.00

T y p is ts , cla s s A ---------- ------------- ------ --- --------------- ----M anufactur ing—................. —-----—— —---- ------------- ----Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------------------

347
132
215
49

76. 50
82.00
73. 00
75.00

919
263
716
64

61. 50
68:5 6 '
59. 50
74. 00

404
296

123. 50
123. 50

266
-----T96—
76

93. 50
94. 50
91. 50

60. 50
69. 50
57. 50
92. 50
97. 56
89. 50
106.00
80. 50
85. 50
75.00
82.00
91. 50
97.00
79. 50

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla s s A — --------- ----

266
148
118

84. 00
82.50
85. 50

PlArVe

208
102
106

81.00
85. 00
77. 00

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -

Switchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists — —
Nnnmanufa rturing

...

Earnings rela te to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly sala rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.

________

___ _. . . . . . .

164
42
122
32

68. 50
69. 00
68. 50

80. 50
8 0 :5 6 '

P r o fe s s io n a l and technical occupations
D raftsm en, s en ior_____ _____ ______________ — — ----Manufactur ing—_______ — —
--------- — — —
....................

72. 50
83. 50
69.00
83.00

236
164
132

145
' - 169

Manufactur ing---------------------------------------------------------- “
N onm anufacturing----------------------------------------------------

D raftsm en, junior
Switchboard o p e ra to rs-----------------------------------------------




33

137
------- 64”
73
61. 50
74. 66"
405
58. 50 Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B ------- -------- ------------- ----136'
M anufacturing___ _
92. 50
269
■piiKlir iiHIi Hps ^
_ _
_
35
100.50
86.00
215
93. 50 1O ffice boys and g ir ls . —
___ .
49
rtnring
Nnnmamifacturing
166
70. 50
76. 00'
__________
67. 50 fiprrp.tarips
1,409
482
88. 00
^[npm^niifarhiring
927
PuHlir utilitiftfi 2
115
79. 50
77.00
Stenngraphpr*, gpnpral ... .
......_
568
60. 00
Manufacturing
.
.
— — m r
280
64. 50
N onm anufacturing.
___ . . .
. ..
P„K1ir ,iH1iHp«2 ----129
59. 00
70. 00
Stpnngraphftrfl, sen ior
__ ... _
366
251
55. 00
115
“ 51756”
Nonmanufacturing
— —
—

PI aialra
J
Mp,nnfa rfiiring
pa yrnll
rtnring

72
33
39

$81. 50
96. 00
72.00

80. 00

392
170
222
39

------ -

176
W~
107

62. 50
62. 50”

59

--- ----- —

(M im eograph o r D itto)--------------------------------------------

N onm anufacturing--------P nW ir u t ilit y a 2

N onm anufacturing----------------------------------------------------

O ffice occupations— -Continued

—
N onm anufacturing—

arrrMinting

Average
w
eekly ,
earning*
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

C]

Num
ber
of

Average
w
eekly j
earning*
(Standard)

56
99. 50
N u rses, industrial (reg istered )
M anufacturing---------------------------------------------------------- ------ 54” ^ 166756"
T racers

54

82. 50

8
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , Colum bus, O hio, N ovem ber 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Average $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 15790
hourly j and
and
earnings
under
$1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2,2Q $2.30 $2,40 $2.50 $2,60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 ov er

C a rp en ters, m aintenance---------------------Manufacturing ---- --------- ------------N onm anufacturing--- --------- —-------------

73
43
30

$2.94
3.02
2.83

E le ctricia n s , m aintenance.____________
M anufacturing______________________ _

243
188

3.20
3.20

_

E n gin eers, stationary ______ ________
M anufacturing__ _____________ ____
N onm anufacturing.._____ ___________

112
52
60

2.97
3.15
2.81

_
"

_
-

l
1

_
-

1
1

1
1

_
-

7
7

3
3

F irem en , stationary b o ile r ____________
M anufacturing
________ ____
Nonmanufacturing ___________ ____

88
40
48

2.41
2.59
2.25

6
6

1
l
-

l
l
-

3
3

1
1

1
1

8
3
5

6
6

H elp ers, maintenance tra d e s________ _
M anufacturing_______________________
N onm anufacturing___________________

110
70
40
40

2.44
2.38
2.53
2 53

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

11
11

1
1

_
-

M a ch in e-tool op e ra to rs, to o lro o m ____
M anufacturing..____________________ _

263
235

3.27
3.33

M achinists, m aintenance______________
M anufacturing_______________________

167
159

3.34
3.35

_

M echanics, autom otive
(m aintenance) _________________________
M anufacturing_____________________ _
Nonmanufa ctur ing__________________ _
Public utilities 2---------------------------

363
71
292
213

3.01
2.88
3.04
3.14

-

-

-

-

-

M ech an ics, m aintenance ______________
M anufacturing____ j._________________

246
220

2.92
2.91

_

_

_

-

-

-

M illw rig h ts _____________________________
M anufacturing-----------------------------------

147
144

3.05
3.06

— -

75
74

P ainters, m aintenance-------------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------

1

14
4
10

12
3
9

5
4
1

8
7
1

1
1

4
3
1

5
5
-

14
13
1

1

1
1

4
4
"

3
3

12
10

17
13

3
2

9
9

13
13

55
48

23
19

3
3

61
29

_
-

4
4
-

10
1
9

11
4
7

8
5
3

13
11
2

14
1
13

12
7
5

2
2
-

8
2
6

1
1

23
10
13

11
3
8

17
16
1

2
2

1
-

2
2

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

33
30
3
3

27
5
22
22

32
21
11

_
-

5
1
4
4

1
1

7
7

1
-

5
-

2
-

12
-

4
-

22
21

44
42

11
10

_

_

4
4

3
1

6
5

12
12

12
12

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

39
39

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

3
2
1

10
9
1

_
"

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

-

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

24
24

22
22

12
12

17
17

72
72

4
4

4
4

-

23
23

23
23

2
2

2
1

17
13

63
63

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

3
3

2
2
-

15
4
11

1
1

11
9
2
2

31
3
28
-

41
19
22
21

6
2
4
2

11
3
8
5

28
4
24
15

64
19
45
33

133
133
124

11
1
10
10

1
1
1

5
5
-

_

_

_
-

36
36

5
3

18
18

10
9

7
7

3
3

31
31

63
63

13
13

30
23

10
-

_

1

15
13

«.

-

4
"

1

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

30
30

5
5

19
19

4
4

30
30

"

32
32

_

-

3
2

_

1

10
10

_

-

6
4

_

-

6
6

1

-

-

-

7
7

2
2

1
l

17
17

3
3

9
9

17
16

4
4

15
15

_

_

-

-

3
3

3
2

3
3

2
-

1
1

5
4

11
10

2
1

_
-

-

14
13

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

_

2
2

16
13

4
4

4
4

10
10

_

33
33

_

“

9
9

1

-

2
2

_

-

_

1

_

1

7

2

2

3

_

10

-

1

-

-

2
1

-

7
7

2
2

4
4

-

-

17
17

12
12

1

_

16
14

37
35

21
20

62
62

19
16

36
36

41
41

_

_

_

-

-

"

2.53
2.52

_

_

_

_

47
37

2.98
3.08

_

.

-

3

P ipefitte r s , maintenanc e ---------------------M anufacturing— — — — . . . . .
-

90
84

3.16
3.14

_

P lu m bers, m aintenance------------------------

32

2.92

Sheet-m etal w ork ers, m aintenance-----M anufacturing— — — — — -------

33
32

3.29
3.30

T ool and die m a k e r s ----------------------------M anufacturing------------------------------------

491
482

3.51
3.52

_

_
-

_

_
-

-

_

_

_

l

_

_

4

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

6
6

j

'

'

'

'

Excludes prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




1

-

_

- — — —

-

-

-

O il e r s ------------ ----

-

'

-

'

'

'

'

1

"

_

1

_

_

_

-

-

_ _
-

_

_

-

3
-

_ _

_

-

-

-

-

1

222
222

23
23

”

1

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Columbus, Ohio, November 1963)

O ccu p a tion 1 and in du stry division

E levator o p e r a to r s , p assen ger
(women)
N onm anufacturing_____ ____ _________

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNING8 OF—
$0.90 $1.00 $1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90
1 2 3 0 $2^20 $2.30 $2740 $2750 $2.60 $2.70 $ O o $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 f O o
Undei and.
and
$0.90 under
$1.00 $1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 over

Number
of
workem

2
2

12
12

9
9

9
9

4
-

1
-

47
11
-

3
_

-

4

1

36

13
9
5
4
4

1
J

25
25

56
56

47
47

84
12
72

160
66
74

58
19
39

1.49
1.66
1.35

8

-

24

3

8

-

24

3

13
6
7

51
44
7

5
3
2

1.297
877
420
107

2.19
2 .2 4
2.08
2. 69

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

28
3
25

12
12

18
15
3

O rd er fille r s
M anufacturing .
Nonmanufacturing

868
247
621

2.21
2.33
2 .16

~

"

"

-

1

27
6
21

27
6'
21

P a ck e rs , shipping (m en )—
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing___________________

238
177
61

2.01
2. 14
1.64

_

_
-

-

9
9

P a ck e rs , shipping (w o m e n )-----------------Manufac turing------------------------------------

154
154

III
1.79

10
10

R eceivin g c l e r k s -----------------------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing------------------------------

216
101
115

Shipping c le r k s
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing___________________
Shipping and rec e iv in g c le r k s
M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing___________ ________

1
49
49 .... 1

88
88

$1.07
1.07

6
6

335
229
169
60
106

2.1 4
2.36
2.6 0
1.68
1.67

2
-

_
-

2

1.459
727
732
109

1.81
2. 02
1.61
2 .08

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s
(wnmen)
.- M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing------------------------------

186
83
103

L a b o r e rs , m a teria l han dling---------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------PiiKlir* u tiliti aa 3

Guards and w atchm en----------------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------G u a rd s-----------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing
Jan itors, p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s
(men) . . . .
M anufacturing

See footnotes at end of table.




j

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
22
7
15
5

6
_
_

17
16
16

18
16
16

19
17
17

8
8
8

55
50
50

46
46
46

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

12

6

1

2

2

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

60
19
41
4

46
10
36
4

100
42
58
4

42
18
24

212
153
59
23

70
46
24

146
110
36
21

159
101
58
38

24
14

15
15

43
43

2
2

2
2

_
_

_

_

_

_

4

46

-

2
2

6
6

1
1

2
2

2

1

2
2

-

-

.

_

_

_

.

_

46

-

}

16
16

4

1

81
.
81

75
7
68

41
40
1

89
89
-

142
140
2

48
46
2
1

28
IF
2

261
196
65

38
20
18

23
9
14

119
9l
27

19
6
13

197
l6 l
36

9
9

51
_
51
51

17
17

_
_

j
1
_

_
_

13

58
1
57

19
1
18

26
5
21

84
8
76

41
5
36

32
25
7

133
11
111

86
71
15

106
12
94

76
76
-

2

_

1

3
3

1

4
4

2

128
_
128

_

13

-

-

25
16
9

10
10
-

16
6
10

15
5
10

21
2
19

49
46
3

3
2
1

13
13

27
27

16
16

5
5

7
7

2
2

1
1

6
6

_

6
6

28
28

6
6

-

-

-

8
8

_
"

21
ll

5
3

_

"

6
6

_

"

70
70

_

“

_

_
-

11
3
8

2
2

6
3
3

14
11
3

8
2
6

25
24
1

23
12
11

23
4
19

21
10
11

5
5
-

3
3

_
-

11
11

_
-

_
-

18
5
13

17
17
-

6
6

17
1
15

19
9
10

8
8

9
9

-

-

-

-

“

'

'

2.31
2. 24
2.37

_
-

.
-

_
“

-

1
1

-

103
67
36

2.31
2.33
2.28

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

154
68
86

2.31
2. 31
2.31

-

-

-

-

-

_

5
4
_
4
1

14
2
2

3

14
7
_
7
7

3

-

-

-

_

_
-

1

24
18
_
18
6

8
2
1

4
1
1

6

107
26
82
14

-

_

_

5
5

19
5
14

28
5
23

1

7
7

_

_

_

_

_

"

■

-

-

-

19
10
9

36
13
23

1
1

5
1
4

2
1
1

-

-

9
3
6

2
2
-

5
5

3
3

1

1
1

1
6
1 ~T~

19
13
6

13
5
8

4

10

3

9

_

1

19
7
12

.

.

_

-

1
|

_

-

13
_
13

3
3

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage s tra igh t-tim e h ou rly earnings £or s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
b y industry div isio n , Colum bus, O hio, N ovem ber 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision
2

Number

,

T r u c k d riv e r s 4
_
—
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing----------------------------Pu blic u tilities 3
T r u c k d riv e r s , light (under
1Va tons)
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing

----

T ru c k d riv e r s , m edium (1V2 to and
including 4 tons)
M anufacturing
N onm anufactur ing------------------------

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type)
M anufacturing------------------------------P u blic u tilities 3
T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than t r a ile r type)
—
T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift)
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than
fork lift)
-___
M anufacturing------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

$0.90 $1.00 $1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30
bomiy 2 Undei and
and
$0.90 under
$1.00 $1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 over

$ 2 .6 2
1,237
215" " 2 . T T
1,007
2 .6 8
271
2 .9 8

152
95
57

2 .1 5

475
-------- r r
404
121

2 .4 2
2 .2 3
2 .4 5
7 Q
1

455
-------- J T
420
78

11
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

18

45

11

11

18

45

1

1 .6 9

18

10

12

10

12

21
20
1

11
ll
“

10

9
— T~
6

17
4
13

21
19
2

-

5
5

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

10

-

35
35

2 .9 4
2.41
2. 98
3 .1 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

34

2 .9 4

-

464

320
144

2 .4 4
2 .3 9
2. 54

“

94
82

2 .1 6
2 .1 5

-

-

-

-

10

37
"3 5 “
2

18

“

1

14

1

“

”

38

1

2747"

-

4
4

22
2
20

39
33
6

38
17
21

146
15
131
9

48
11
37
37

18
16
2

3
3

9
6
3

2
1

1

96
7
89
9

22
16
6
“

187
i
184
“

236
42
194
32

191
5
186
177

1
1

-

■

“

40
40

”

-

■

30
26
9

18
12
6

43
1
42

5
5

78
78
76

-

“

*

132
Z
130

183
2
181
32

49

-

45
45

*

11

8

8

*

1

*

27
27

*

9
9

4
5

10
10

1

“

4
4

3
2
1

17
12
5

2
1
1

133
lo
123
1

35
2
33
33

2
1
1

3
3
2

-

-

8
6

6
6

2
2

1
-

6
6

-

"

4

63
63

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

14
14

2
2

20
20

1
1

9
9

1
1

1
-

3
3

5
5

17
17

16
15
1

122
122

23
23

48
13
35

20
20

101
45
56

34
34

-

-

-

4
4

12
12

-

8
8

10
10

-

-

-

-

4

“

-

-

-

1

-

-

1
1

8
1
7
6

1

"

"

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
Includes all d riv e r s re g a rd le ss o f s ize and type o f truck operated.




21
---- T~
18

1

-

-

1
36
36

23
12

-

*

-

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May a lso keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B iller, machine (billing machine), Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A , Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

11

12
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffice s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s, cla ss ifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s . May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B« Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service file s.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class CmPerforms routine filing o f material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, loca tes readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

13
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C lass BmUnder clo s e supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s sp ecified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D oes not include transcribing-machine u/ork. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, e tc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

14
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who a lso act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE O PERATO R-Continued
Class C Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single p osi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerica l work as part o f regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety o f long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
o f a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B0 Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance o f some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually o f a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation o f the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar .machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class
Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spellin g, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class BmPerforms one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
ic ie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

15
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written ot verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cro ss-se ctio n s,
etc., to s ca le by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specification s. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types o f drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accidenton the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records o f patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




16
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any o f a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other sp ecification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helperis permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, o il, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

17
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacementpart by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out o f work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecification s; cutting various s iz e s o f pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

18
PIPE FITTE R , MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and siz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work o f the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating system s are excluded.

types o f sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s, snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifica tion s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to c lo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
W'orkers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on ideniity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




19
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ices; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size , and number o f units to be packed, the
type o f container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records o f the goods shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follows:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

20
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places o f business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Available on Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors o f
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational W age Su rveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below.
A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.< )., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Akron, Ohio____________________________________
Albany-Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y ________________
Albuquerque, N. M e x __________________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.— J________
N.
Atlanta, Ga_____________________________________
Baltimore, Md______________________________ . _
_
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ___________________
Birmingham, Ala_________ _____________________
Boise, Idaho___________________________________
Boston, Mass 1
_____ -___________________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y 1
___________
Burlington, V t 1
_________
Canton, Ohio____________
Charleston, W. V a _____
Charlotte, N. C _________
Chattanooga, Tenn. -Ga
Chicago, 1111____________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky_____
Cleveland, O hio...___.....
Columbus, Ohio________

1345-30
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Davenport—
Rock Is land—
Moline, Iowa— _______
111
Dayton, Ohio___________________________________
Denver, C o lo __________________________________
Des Moines, Iowa______________________________
Detroit, M ich1
__________________________________
Fort Worth, Tex____ ___________________________
Green Bay, W is________________________________
Greenville, S. C ________________________________
Houston, T e x __________________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1345-35
1345-32
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
20
25
20
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind_______________________________ 1345-26
Jackson, M iss__________________________________ 1345-43
Jacksonville, F la 1
______________________________ 1345-39
Kansas City, M o.—
Kans________________________ 1345-22
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.— H _____________ 1345-77
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark____________ 1385-3
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif1
_______________ 1345-62
Louisville, Ky. — 1
Ind ___________________________ 1345-48
Lubbock, Tex__________________________________ 1345-72
Manchester, N. H ______________________________ 1385-1
Memphis, Tenn________________________________ 1345-36

25
20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Price

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area

Bulletin
number

Price

Miami, F la _______________________________________ 1345-33
Milwaukee, W i s 1
__________________________________ 1345-59
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn1
____________________ 1345-38
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich_____________ 1345-69
Newark and Jersey City, N. J ___________________ 1345-46
New Haven, Conn_________________________________ 1345-37
New Orleans, L a 1________________________________ 1345-44
New York, N. Y 1__________________________________ 1345-79
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va 1
________________________________ ___ 1345-75
Oklahoma City, Okla_____________________________ 1385-2

20
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa1_____________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J__________________
Philadelphia, P a .-N . J 1
__________________________
Phoenix, A r i z ____________________________________
Pittsburgh, P a 1__________________________________
Portland, Maine1 _________________________________
Portland, Oreg. — ash___________________________
W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .— a s s 1____________
M
Raleigh, N. C 1 ____________________________________
Richmond, V a 1___________________________________

1385-14
1345-76
1345-31
1345-57
1345-40
1385-22
1345-7 3
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

Rockford, 111______________________________________
St. Louis, M o .-I ll________________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah1
_____________________________
San Antonio, T e x 1________________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, C alif1_____
San Diego, Calif----------------------------------------------------San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif1__________________
Savannah, Ga _____________________________________
Scranton, P a 1_____________________________________
Seattle, W ash 1
____________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1345-25
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1345-34
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25
20
25
25
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak1_____________________________
South Bend, Ind__________________________________
Spokane, W ash 1__________________________________
Toledo, O hio1
_____________________________________
Trenton, N. J 1____________________________________
Washington, D .C .— d.— a ______________________
M
V
Waterbury, C onn_________________________________
Waterloo, Iowa___________________________________
Wichita, Kans_____________________________________
W orcester, M a ss_________________________________
York, P a ----------------------------------------------------------------

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1345-29
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

25
20
25
25
25
25
20
20
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25 cents
20 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102