View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

CLEVELAND, OHIO
SEPTEMBER 1962

Hu I let in N o .




1345-14

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
CLEVELAND, OHIO
SEPTEMBER 1962




B u lle t in

No. 1345-14
January 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STATISTICS
Ewan C lague, Commissioner

For sal© by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents

ta mmS

si




Preface

Contents
Page

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual occupational wage surveys in major labor markets. These
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. Information on related supplementary benefits is obtained biennially in most of the
labor markets.

Introduction _________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ______________________
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey __________
2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, for selected periods __________________
3. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups ___________

A preliminary report which presents earnings
trends for selected occupational groups and average earn­
ings in selected jobs is released within a month after the
completion of the study in each area. This bulletin provides additional data not included in the preliminary report.

3
5
5

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - l. Office occupations—
men and women ____________________
A-2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women ____________________________________________
A -3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined _____________________________
A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _______________
A-5. Custodial and material movement occupations __________

10
12
13

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l. Minimum entrance salaries for women office w orkers
B-2. Shift differentials _____________________________________
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours _________________________________
B-4. Paid holidays ___________________________________________
B-5. Paid vacations __________________________________________
B-6.
Health, insurance,andpension plans ___________________

15
16
17
18
19
21

Appendix: Occupational descriptions ________________________________

23

A two-part summary bulletin is issued after the
completion of all of the area bulletins for a round of surveys (for the current round of surveys, the firs t part of
this bulletin w ill be available late in 1963 and the second
part early in 1964). The first part presents individual
labor market data. The second part presents data relating
to all metropolitan areas in the United States.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau’ s regional office in Cleveland, Ohio, by Kenneth Thorsten,
under the direction of Elliott A. Browar.




1
4

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other major areas.

(See inside back cover.)

Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage practices in the Cleveland area
are also available for the following industries: Contract cleaning services (July 1961), and machinery
(May 1962). Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following trades
or industries: Building construction, printing, local-transit operating employees, and motortruck drivers
and helpers.

iii

6
10




Occupational Wage Survey—
Cleveland, Ohio
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide
basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bu­
reau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed are largely due to
(1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among industries and
establishments; (2) differences in specific duties performed, although
the occupations are appropriately classified within the same survey
job description; and (3) differences in length of service or merit
review when individual salaries are adjusted*on this basis. Longer
average service of men would result in higher average pay when
both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job descrip­
tions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usually more
generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number ac­
tually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indi­
cate the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences
in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material m ove­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers.
The concept "office workers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers"
include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including
leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construc­
tion employees who are utilized as a separate work force are ex­
cluded. Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are r e ­
ported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the es­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers ac­
tually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey. In
establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to a
majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification “ other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4
through B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums
of individual items in tables B-2 through B-6 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data or.
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i.e . , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holi­
days ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a
nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off.
The
first part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole
and half holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole
and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate es­
timates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earn­
ings, or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation
pay, payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis;
for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con­
sidered as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by
the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's
compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans
include those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and
those provided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer
out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this pur­
pose. Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or ac­
cident disability. Information is presented for all such plans to
which the employer contributes.
However, in New York and New
Jersey, which have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which
require employer contributions, 2 plans are included only if the em­
ployer (1) contributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides
the employee with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans3
which provide full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during
absence from work because of illness. Separate tabulations are pre­
sented according to (1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting
period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay or a waiting
period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions of workers
who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave,
an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive either or both
types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as- extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
m ercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met not require employer contributions.
do
either of the following conditions; (1) Operated late shifts at the time
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave
establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had
that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan need not be
operated late shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or
written, but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an indi­
(2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.
vidual basis, were excluded.




Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Cleveland, O hio,1 by m ajor industry division, 2 September 1962
M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lish ­
ments in scope
o f study

In du stry d ivis io n

A ll d iv is io n s

_____________ ____________

W ithin
scope o f
study 3

W ithin scope o f study

Studied

Studied
T o t a l1
4
3
2

O ffic e

Plan t

T o t a l4

882

294

325, 300

59, 700

202, 900

225, 100

100
-

396
486

144
150

206,000
119,300

31,500
28, 200

140, 000
62, 900

146, 990
78, 110

100
50
100
50
50

54
162
61
100
109

26
39
30
28
27

32,100
19, 600
35,600
17,300
14,700

_____

M anufacturing
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ _________ ____ _____
. . ___
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and
oth er public u t ilit ie s 5 __ ____ _____
7
6
_______
W h o lesa le tra d e ___ __
__ ____________ _______
_____________________. ,___________ ___ _.
R e ta il tra d e
F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te
—
.. ______
S e r v ic e s ’
---------------------------------------------------------------

W o rk ers in establishm ents

Num ber o f establishm ents

7, 000
5, 600
2, 500
10,600
( 8)

13,
10,
28,
6 2,

600
100
600
000
( 8)

26,070
7, 900
29, 970
8, 570
5, 600

1 Th e C le v e la n d Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tistica l A re a co n sists o f Cuyahoga and L a ke Counties.
The “ w o rk e rs w ithin scope o f study” estim a tes shown in this table p rovid e a reason ably
a ccu ra te d e s c rip tio n o f the s iz e and com position o f the labor fo r c e included in the su rvey.
The estim a tes a re not intended, h ow eve r, to s e r v e as a basis o f co m p a rison with other em ploym ent
in dexes fo r the a r e a to m e a s u re em ploym ent trends o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su rveys re q u ir e s the use o f establish m ent data co m p ile d co n s id era b ly in advance o f the p a y ro ll period
studied, and (2) s m a ll esta blish m en ts a re excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 Th e 1957 r e v is e d ed itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used in c la s s ify in g establish m ents by in du stry d ivis ion .
3 In clu des a ll esta b lish m en ts with tota l em ploym en t at o r a bove the m inim u m lim ita tio n .
A l l outlets (w ith in the a re a ) o f com pan ies in such in d u stries as tra d e, finance, auto re p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu re th e aters a re co n sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 In clu des e x ecu tive, p ro fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o rk ers exclu ded fr o m the sep ara te o ffic e and plant c a te g o rie s .
5 T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sportation w e re excluded.
C le v e la n d 's tra n sit sy stem is m u n icip a lly o p era ted and is exclu ded b y defin ition fr o m the scope o f the study.
6 E stim a te r e la te s to r e a l estate establishm ents only.
W o rk e rs fr o m the en tire in du stry d iv is io n a re re p res en ted in the S e rie s A ta b les, but fr o m the r e a l estate portion only in " a ll
in d u s try " e s tim a tes in the S e rie s B tables.
7 H o tels; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile r e p a ir shops; m otion p ictu res; n on profit m em b ersh ip o rga n izatio n s; and en gin eerin g and a rch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .
8 Th is in d u stry d iv is io n is re p res en ted in estim ates fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " and "non m anu factu rin g" in the S e ries A ta b les, and fo r " a ll in d u s trie s " in the S erie s B ta b les.
Separate presentation
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g reason s: (1) Em ploym en t in the d iv is io n is too sm a ll to p rovid e enough data to m e r it sep ara te study, (2) the sam ple was
not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep arate presentation, (3) re sp o n se was in su fficien t o r inadequate to p e rm it sep ara te presen tation, and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d isc losu re o f individual
esta b lish m en t data.




4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percentages of change in average
salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in av­
erage earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The
office clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each
of the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earn­
ings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate
for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a p e r­
centage) of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for
the other year was computed and the difference between the result and
100 is the percentage of change from the one period to the other.
The percentages of change measure, principally, the effects
of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the e f­
fect of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each
job included in the data. The percentages of change are not influ­
enced by changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay
for overtime, since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2). This series, initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey program to 80 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, will replace
the old series (1953 base) shown in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and
job descriptions since the start of the old series called for a reexamination of
the jobs and job groupings for which trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series
with the following exceptions: The clerical and industrial nurse groups, form erly
restricted to women, now include both men and women. Changes were also made
in the jobs included within job groupings in order that an identical list could
be employed in all areas.




5

Table 2.

P ercen ts o f in c re a s e in standard w eek ly s a la rie s and s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r
s e le cted occupational groups in C leveland , Ohio, fo r s e le cted p eriod s

Industry and occu pational group

S eptem b er 1961
to
Septem b er 1962

S eptem b er I960
to
S eptem b er 1961

S eptem b er 1959
to
S eptem b er I960

A ll in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and wom en) ------ — In du strial nurses (m en and w om en) ---------S killed maintenance (m en) ----------------------U n skilled plant (m en) ------------------------------

2.7
2.9
3. 4
3. 1

2.6
3.0
2.5
2. 3

4 .0
3. 1
3. 2
2.9

M an ufactu ring:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and wom en) ------ ----In du strial nurses (m en and w om en) --------S k illed maintenance (m en) ----------------------U nskilled plant (m en) ------------------------------

2 .4
2.9
3 .4
2.6

2 .4
3.0
2 .8
2. 2

3.0
3. 1
3, 1
4. 2

T a ble 3.

Indexes of standard w eek ly s a la rie s and s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r s e le cted occupational
groups in C levela n d , Ohio, S eptem ber 1962 and S eptem b er 1961
(O cto b er 1952 » 100)
Industry and occupational group

Septem b er 1962

Septem b er 1961

A ll industries:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w o m e n )__________________ ____ —
______
In du strial nurses (w o m en ).__ ____________ ____ _________ ___
Skilled maintenance (m en) ---------------------------------------U nskilled plant (m en)
- — ----- -------__ _ —

147.7
159.5
152.7
154.0

143.5
155.0
147.7
149.5

Manufacturing:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w om en) ---------------------------------------- --In du strial nurses (w om en ) ---------------------------- - ----- __
S killed maintenance (m en) . . . . . . . . . .
.....
----.. .
U nskilled plant (men) — — ------ _
---------------- .

151.5
157.9
153.0
151.9

147.7
154. 1
148.0
148. 1

A: Occupational .Earnings

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)
NUMBER O F W O RKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY EARNINGS O F -

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

s
S
s
Weekly
4 0 . 0 0 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0
earnings 1 a n d
(Standard)
4 5 . 0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0

S
s
S
s
s
s
$
$
s
s
s
t
%
t
%
s
$
s
s
s
5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 5 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 5 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 2 5 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 1 3 5 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 1 4 5 0 0 1 5 0 0 0
and
6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 1 0 5 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 5 0 0

12000 12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000 o v e r

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A ---M a n u factu rin g-----------— -— —
Nonmanufacturing ___________
Public u tilities 2 __________
Wholesale trade __________
Clerks, accounting, class B —
Manufacturing ______________ _
Nonmanufacturing _______ __ —
Public utilities 2 _________
W holesale trade __________

624

3 9 .5

435

3 9 .$
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

$ 1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 1 5 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

-

-

1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

_

_

_

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

151
163
28
74

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

6 8 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

52

4 0 .0

216
150
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

306

246
lo l
138
39
66

Clerks, order _________
—
Manufacturing ______ ______
N onm anu factu ring---------—
Wholesale t r a d e ________

627
223
404

Clerks, payroll _______ _______
Manufacturing ___________ —

127

O ffice b o y s ____________________
Manufacturing _________ ___
Nonmanufacturing _________
Public utilities 2 ---------Finance 3 ____________ __
_
S e c r e ta r ie s _________ _________

5
5
-

26
7

2
-

-

1

-

-

6
-

13
7
6
-

17
14
3
-

20
6
14

13
3
10
6

-

5

"

_
_

1
1

7
-

-

-

1

7

1
I

_

1

“

1

59
35
24

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

189
84
54

401

105
314

-

_
_

-

-

-

.

_

3

_

_
-

t

6
-

1
-

_

_

_

.
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

11
-

12
7
5
-

11

60

11
-

9
2
_

19
41
-

6 5 .0 0

4

3

-

23

1 2 9 .0 0

_

_

_

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0

-

-

-

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

"

'

"

"

-

"

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 4 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

_

.

-

-

-

_
_

_
-

3
1

_
-

_

.

1
12

Tabulating-machine operators,
class B ________ ________ _____
Manufacturing
Nonmanufac turing
Public utilities 2 —_
_

179
127
62

Tabulating-machine operators,
M a n u factu rin g_____ ________
Nonmanufacturing _________

135
65
70

3 9 .5

49
19
30

46
30
16

9
6

. 11
2

28
12
16
3
10

31
10
21

35
18
17
8

26

29

19
11
8

81
18
63

-

23
14

15
4

9
7
2

11
5

.

_

1

19
11
8
1

14

_

-

.

-

_

1

j.

.
1

2
-

3
-

2

1
-

3

12
2
10

11

18
7

18
3
1
2
2

6
6
-

11
11
-

5
1

-

-

-

'

"

2
2
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

21
21
.

10

_

10

9
1

_

7
3

-

1

-

1

1

28
23

9
7
2

5

1
1
-

5

19

39

35
2

97

46

19

26

39

2

6
13
13

5
3

18
10

26

5
3

5
5

9
9

8
8

4
3

7
7

2
2

1

1
1

13

2
1

1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

_

14

9

4

1

7

5

4

3

35

12
7
5

2
2

1
1

5
1
4

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

9
4
4

19
1

1
1

6

-

4
-

4
-

24
13

21
l6

4

11

5

53
28
25

29
19
10
3

27
22

34

3
3

21
6
15

23

14
12
2

12
11
1

7
7

27
14

33
6

27

21
14

13
10

13

27
-

7
-

3
3

9
14

12

19
13
6

26
17

56
30
26

27

5
1

58
34

18
46

25
18
7
4

7
2

92

97

4

-

21

16
16

16
1

_

37

It

63

30
14

5

61

6

80
62

8

43
18
25
3

_

3
3
-

33
14

5
4

7

5
5
_

5

8
7

_

20
6
14

64

2

12

9
4

18
8
8

16

3
3

>

72
56
16

108
11

8

-

9
17
1

17
6
11
3

58
47
11
4
6

-

29

7

9
10

27
25
2
1

57
14
43
42

33
4

8
6
1
2

5
10

4
3
1
-

8
1
7
7

Tabulating-machine operators,
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing __________

72
52
20
8
6

19
5

5
22
11

8

5
1

26
8

23
18

42
33

25

11

5

9

4

17
13
4

53
14

24
19
5

14
14
-

10
10
_

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

U

~

39
34

12

"

7

8
4

ti

7

1

Women
B ille rs, machine (billin g machine)
Manufacturing ______ __________
Nonmanufacturing __ __________
Public u tilitie s 2 _____ ____ —
-------Wholesale t r a d e ____ —

See footnotes at end of table.




281
113
168
39
75

3 9 .5

7 3 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 0 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

W M

-

14
-

27

15
-

37

26

31

1
26
-

15
-

25
12
-

9
17
-

tl

14
10

10

10

10

13

5

10
5

9

11

9
18
16

6

4
4
-

6
6
6

-

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
worker*

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

Weekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

106
50
56

40.0
39.5
40.5

$73.50
80.00

221

39.0
39.0
39.5

NUMBER O F W ORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E WEEKLY' EARNINGS O F $
s
I
s
s
s
s
s
S
S
s
s
t
s
$
s
s
$
$
$
s
s
t
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 9500 10000 10500 11Q 0 11500 12000 12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000
O
and
and
under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 10000 10500 11000 11500 12000 12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000 over

Worn en— C ontinued
B ille rs , machine (bookkeeping
machine) _________ ______________ __
Manufacturing ___________ -_________ ...
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Bookkeeping-machine operators.
class A ____ __________ __ r
_
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

115
106

-

1

-

-

-

9

1

-

3

88.50
92.50
84.00

-

-

-

4
4

70.00
75.50

_

68.00

Bookkeeping -machine operator s ,
class B __________________ __ ___ _
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilitie s 2 -----------------------W holesale trade ------------------------Fin a n ce 3 ----------------------------------

695
165
530
33
118
325

39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
38.5

C lerks, accounting, class A ____________
Manufacturing ______________________...
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilitie s 2 ___________________
W holesale trade ___________________
F in a n ce 3 ________________________ —

762
410
352
130
50
90

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
37.5

C le rk s , accounting, class B ____________
Manufacturing _____________ ___ ___
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilitie s 2 ___________________
W holesale trade ___________________
R eta il trade _______________________
Fin a n ce 3 ----------------------------------

1, 308
562
746
137
192
156

77.00
81.00
74.50
80.50
77.50

160

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
37.5

C lerks, file , class A _______________ .____
Manufacturing ______ __________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

146
69
77

C lerks, file , class B ____________________

559
171
388
154

Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade ___________________
F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------

121

C lerks, file , class C ____________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilities 2 ___________________
R eta il trade _______________________
Fin a n ce 3 ___________________________

426
124
302
43

C le rk s , o rd er

___________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

.

___

.

_

Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade ___________________

See footnotes at end of table.




68.00

70.50
66.00
69.00

12

'

25

56

1

8

24
' 14
3

48
5
4
34

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
-

1

26

48
48

_

100.00

93.50
90.00
99.50
91.50

16
16
-

97.00

1

-

-

10
1

74
54
20

5
7
5

66.00

1

21

72.00

-

5

26
9

39.0
39.5
38.5

81.50
82.50
81.00

_

_

6

_

-

-

-

-

-

6

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
37.5

1

63.00
61.00
63.00

1

26
g
18
5
-

41
15
18

60.00

11

-

62
62
43
16

7

37

7

37

64.50
68.00

127

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
38.5

70.00
56.00
66.50
47.50
57.00

500
284
216
127

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

75.00
?9.50
69.50
79.00

68

-

6

-

11

11

1
1

1

2

1

-

-

39
l 6"
23

32
29
3

12

19
id
9

19

3

12

1

1
2

49

17

6

12

6
2

2
2

43

5
-

32
16
16
-

4
4

-

14

27

43

-

1

6

2

13

19

21
22

122

116

49
67
3
18
44
52
26

11

28
72

63

24
98
9
16
71

2

29

22

8
21

15
7
4

2
2

135
27
108
12

27
18
21
6
2

74

24
17
7
3

50
41
9

8

15

-

8

104
27
77
-

148
17
131

-

17

1

-

-

15
24

2

70
41
29

95

3
22

73
52

1
10

ll

-

-

7

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

*

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

37
28
9

9
7

22
22

_

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

1

-

_
-

1

91
44
47
36
9

92
52
40
-

82
60

47
27

22
1

20

10

9
3

71
37
34
5
5
3

88

32
19
13
-

8

19
ll

2

-

7

169
87
82
15

172
63
109

11

39
19
31

133
44
89
19
29
16
16

108
59
49
7

17
30

179
74
105
23
39
15
19

24

8

12
12

3
5

24
19
5

21
12

19
4
15

7
7

44

1

3

2

2
2
6

2

5
9

63
31
32
5
4

3

2

6

1
2
6

27
17

20
11

10

9
9

9
4
5
5

9
9
-

6
6

4
4

3

22
22

"

3
3
-

3
3
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

_

1

.

_

_

_

_

-

..

.

-

-

1

14
14

70
36
34
7
11

36
14

20

38

34

8

5
13

9

21

2

9
g

17

32

6
1

9

9

2

8
1
1

50
38
3
20
2

9

"

-

3
3
-

1
1

-

-

_
-

-

2

“

“

8

5

1

3
3

4

1

-

2
2

-

8

1

2
1
1

18
13
5
5

8
8

19
19

6

11

t
4
4

6
6

2

-

6
6

3

23

1

39

22

22
l '6
6

15

5

-

7

1

2

51
18
33
16

21
12

54
37
17

56
27
29

12

22

9
5

9

8
10

30
4
23

52
14
3
28

22

19
19
-

26

4
4
-

2
1
1

2

95
19
76
5

6

1
1

-

80
17
63
9
36

33

-

-

4

2

1

-

15
7

154
27
127
62
33

5

2

18
4
14

128
41
87
49
29

46

5
4

28
4
24

1
2

7
3

25
25

41
48

19

38

20

16

22
22

28
23

3
3

60

5

8
Table A-l.

O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en — Continued

(A vera g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)
NUM
BER OFW
ORKERS RECEIVINGSTRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w ers
ork

W
eekly
W
eekly . 40.00 *45.00 50.00 l s .00 10.00 15.00 $0.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 *9500 10000 10500 *1000 11500 120.00 1*2500 130.00 13500 140.00 14500 15000
h u 1 earnings1 and
o rs
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 10500 110,00 H50O 120.00 1250O 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000 o ver

Women— Continued
Clerks, p a y r o l l ------------------------ —----Manufacturing — - . . . . -------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public u tilities * ---------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------Retail trade ----------- —------------ —

712
417
295
106
77
58

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

$87.00

Comptometer operators -— ---------------M a n u factu rin g----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------— --------------Public u tilitie s 2 ---------------------W holesale trade -----------------------

744
336
408
105
107
155

39.5
39.5
39. 5
40.0
39. 5
39.0

79.50
83.50
76.00
96.50
71.50
65. 50

102

51
51

39.0
39.5
38. 5

70.50
75. 50
65. 00

Keypunch operators, class A
_ __
Manufacturing -----------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------W holesale t r a d e ------— __________

489
336
153
53
57

39.5
39. 5
39.0
40.0
40.0

84. 50
87.00
79.50
84. 00
73.50

Keypunch operators, class B — —
Manufacturing ----— ----------— --------Nonmanufacturing _______________ ____
Public utilities 2 ---------------------WIia I aoa 1a tradA

810
305
505
175
141

79.00
81.50
77. 50
92. 00
70. 50
69. 50

2

110

39. 5
40.0
39.5
40.0
J/* 3
38. 0

224
75
149
28

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
40, 0

61.00
64.50
59.00
68 . 00

4
4

S e c r e t a r ie s -------------------------------------Manufacturing —
—--------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public u tilitie s 2
---------------W holesale t r a d e --------------- —-----Retail trade — ----—------------------Finance 3 --------------------------------

2 . 821

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39. 5
39.5
38.0

Stenographers, g e n e r a l--------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------- --------------Public utilities 2 ----------------W holesale trade _
— — ------Retail trade ----------------------------

1.960
933
1,027
339
223
74
297

39.5
39. 5
39.0
40.0
39.5
39. 5
38.0

80.50
83. 50
77.50
90.00
76.00
68.50
67.00

10
1

10

3

-

9
9

10

1
2

28
28
28

25

101.00

1, 547
1, 274
186
254
105
507

Duplicating-machine operators
(M im eograph o r Ditto) — ----------------Manufactu r i n g ---------------------- —
----Nonmanufacturing
---— ----

O ffice girls ___ —------------- — — _
Manufacturing — — — -------- .
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




90.00

83.50
88.00
86.00

69.00

106.00
94. 50
109.50
94. 50
86.50
90.50

_
1

_
1
-

-

10

-

25
4

-

19
4
15
7

69
43
26

60
36
24

8

1

5

7

6

10
2
6

24
24
-

69
33
36

11

13
16

72
27
45
3
25
13

95
53
42
3
16
13

21
12

21

1

-

8

6
2

-

11
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

142

98
79
19

45
31
14

29

6
6

13
13

6

61
38
23
14

4

1

4
-

3
3

2
2

-

-

5

12

8
10

6

8
8

7
-

4

1

87

156
62
94

43
31

37
31

43
37

13

7
5

12

6

6

5

14

21

42

37

4

3
19
g

7
3

19
19
_

22

52

47

147
39
108

4
46

10

21

16
3
13

22

22
20
5

51

-

-

39
15

35
17
95

-

"

6

7

_
-

“

-

24
24

6

_
-

1
1

8

168
21

_

-

-

31
23

66

_
-

-

1

1

_
-

-

-

1

14

13

-

1
2

49
3

2
12

-

_
-

-

4

2
1
1

1

3

-

223
55

-

15
14

99
24
75
23
16
26

69
3

-

22
12
10
10

2
1
1

-

14

“

55
17
38
37

19
3
3

2

8

-

85
46
39
36

10
1

5

39
9
30

_

-

38
28

10

4
4

10

_

-

50
27
23
7
9

6

7
7

1
6

_

-

70

1
1

10

14

6
1
12

_

-

94
57
37
4

3

22

11
1

- .
_
_
-

_

-

1

15

-

7
15
5

_
-

_

4

6

62
56

-

7
_
7
-

_

_
-

-

1

2

50
40

-

-

1
1

_

9

2

70
41
29

-

_

_

-

.

-

4

6

-

-

-

1
1

3

_
_

12

61
47
14

-

5

2
2

-

23

114
87
27

20
6

2

12
12

6
1
2

10

48
19
29

9

15
4

16

19
13

19
3

4

-

37

23
19
4

8
1

12

4
4
4

6

10
6

25
18
-

6
6

_

12

16

21

3

_

31
5
26

46

2
1

_

43

53
39
14
5

13
9

23
3
20

j

53
35
18

22

1
1

-

64
48
16
6

21

52

7

8
1

4

22

11

7

109
37
72

74

25

-

-

77
45
32

15

1

-

65
35
17

12

-

1

100

22

65

11

10

41

37
-

1
11

6

9
18

16
15
45

210

211

73
137
35
23

77
134

276
188

8

8

52

54

22

26
7

-

-

3
3

8
8

5

2

9

3
3
-

206
67
139
5
36

234
94
140
4
32

12
68

54

11
111

197
126
71

135
94
41

12

12

31
2

18
5

3

6

2

6
6
10

40

20

16

88

23
24
6
21

229
123
106
38
26
3
13

16

1

1

3
2
1
1

-

356
155
201
22

43

118
15
103
101
2

!
-

12
1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

284
154
130

333
229
104

286
205
81

211

11

20

20

20

25
5
61

24

13

14

6

6

2

223
152
71
33
5
7

26

24

28

10

7

1
8

5

132
89
43
33
7
3

183
85
98
97
-

63
18
45
37

6

4

_
-

-

_
-

1

6
2

134
77

-

1

6
6

3
3

112

30
18
4
1

1

11

18
5

2

10
1
2

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

Table A-l.

O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)
NUMBER O F W O RKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY EARNINGS O F -

Sex, occupation, and industry division

’ng° 45.00

60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00

65.00

50.00

) 145.0015000
and

75.00 80.00

90.00 95.0010000

W omen— Continued
Stenographers, senior —
M a n u fa c tu rin g________
Nonmanufacturing ____
Public u tilities 2 ___
W holesale trade __
_
Fin ance 3 ___________

961
6io
351
157
75
108

39.5
39.5
39.5
40. 0
39.0
39.0

$93.00
93. 50
92. 00

Switchboard operators
Manufacturing ____
Nonmanufacturing .
Public u tilitie s 2
W holesale trade
R etail trade ___
F in an ce 3 ______

511
173
338
55

40. 0
39.5
40. 0
40.0
39.5
39.5
38.0

77.50
89. 50
71.00
89. 50
80.00
56. 50
76.00

Switchboard operator-receptionists
Manufacturing __ _____ _____ ___
Nonmanufacturing ______ ________
W holesale t r a d e _____________

592
276
122

39.5
39.5
39. 5
40.0

76.00
77. 00
74. 50
75.00

Tabulating-machine operators,
class B _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _________
Public u tilities 2 ________

118
70
34

39. 5
39.5
39. 5

93. 50
90. 50
86 . 50

Tabulating-machine operators,
class C _______________________
N on m an u factu rin g_______ __

178

39. 5

T6T

-3975

80.00
79.00

463
251
212
80
60

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
38.0

75.00
77.50
72.00
71.00
64.50

T y p ists, class A ____
M a n u fa c tu rin g____
N onmanufactur ing
Public u tilitie s 2
W holesale trade
F in ance 3 ______

1,104
5HT
486
65

39.5
40. 0
39.0
39.5
39.5
38. 5

81.00
85. 00
76.00
80. 50
80.00
74. 50

T y p ists, class B .
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilitie s 2 ___
W holesale trade _________________
R etail t r a d e _____________________
F in ance 3 _________________________

2,217
"W
1,289
188
388
120
501

39.5

67.00
72. 00
63.50
71.50
63.50
56.00
61. 50

66
81
62

"3TF

93
109
45
9
23

1 0 0. 00
88 . 50

83. 50

155
16
3

11

17

57

18

17

57

18

15

34
3

49
~4

~T

45

35

2

1

7
1

10

7
8
9

54

39

10

5
24
8

6
10

33
9
9

37
17
20

20

50
27
23
2
9

6

42
25
17
13
2

3

12

3

2

10
7
3

5
4
1

8

2

1
_____ - _ ___ 5 _____4 ____ 8
1
5
i“
8
1
5
4
7

63
32

30 ____ 4
15
3
6
1
26
T5

1
32
15
17
4

10
4

15 ____ 7 _ _ 7
_
9
7
1
-

8
1

28
7

56
26

_14____29.
10
29

34
25
9

1
8
~Ts

14
14

10

121

56

29

21

70
34
36
13

9
T~

3
3

1
____ 6_ ____5____ 2
2
4
1

2
2

6
6
23
nr
10

18
14

Transcribing-m achine operators,
M a n u fa c tu rin g________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_____ _____...
W holesale t r a d e ___________
F in ance 3 ------------------------

68
193

3975"
39.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.0

10

23
“ nr

13
7

10

6

2
8

6
71
“ 28
43
14

94

"~5T
152
7
16
46
436

18
5

25
11
14

14
18
10

30
171
15
71
17
53

97
235
5
41
33
146

141
302
27
95
10
137

127
82
45

112

225
53
72
10

151
33

66
3
46

99
59
24
23
3

6

119
35
11
9

6

34
5

2
2
8

83

92

4
33

263

3T T

89

183
94
89
7
25
46

24

Ti-----2T
22
11

23

14

IT

IT

2

6
3
3

1

6

6
106
“ 82"
24
8

45
10
5
4
1

T5“

1 Standard hours re fle c t the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.




2
2

10
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)
NUMBER O F W ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY EARNINGS O F -

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Under 1 0 . 0 0 l s . 0 0
Weekly
earnings *
and
(Standard) $
under

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

B 0. 0 0

Draftsmen, leader
Manufacturing —
Draftsmen, s e n i o r ---Manufacturing -----Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilitie s 2

286

40. 0
40. 0

9 0 .0 0

* 9 & 0 0 fo Q O O fo 5 X )0 h o u o o

1 1 5 0 0 f 2 0 0 0 1 2 5 0 0 1 3 00 0 f 3 5 0 0 f4 0 0 0 1 4 5 0 0 1 5 00 0 {5 5 0 0 1 6 0 0 0

1 6 5 0 0 1 7 0 0 0 1 7 5 0 0 1 8 0 . 0 0 1 8 5 0 0 19<X00 1 9 5 0 0

9 5 .0 0

1OGL0O 1 0 5 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 0 0

12000 12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000 15500 16000 16 50 0

1 7 0 0 0 1 7 5 0 0 1 8 0 0 0 1 8 5 0 0 1 QQ .00 1 0 5 0 0

and

7

$ 1 6 6 .5 0

266

8 5 .0 0

W o o

1 6 7 .0 0

1 ,1 1 9

40. 0
40. 0

1 3 6 .0 0

129

4 0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0

58

_
-

1 3 4 .5 0

990

_
-

-

1
2

18

4

2

14

3

2
o

1

34

55

28

43

92

94

6

12

25

10

8

-

4

28

1

-

104

5

129

120
9

12

24

29

30

30

26

24

29

5

25

13

21

10

11

24

29

28

29

22

19

29

5

25

13

20

119

107

81

61

65

57

50

31

24

9

16

4

101

90

73

59

24

9

l5

4

8

35
2
2

28

17

63
2
2

4'9

18

1

3

1

3

4 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0

6

6

5

6

8

Draftsmen, junior
Manufacturing ---Nonmanufacturing

695

40. 0

1 0 6 .0 0

36

57

35

76

90

52

72

59

69

33

41

21

26

641

40. 0

105. 00

36

46

35

70

85

....5 2

72

31

40

21

1 1 6 .5 0

"

25

40. 0

11

55
4

62

54

Nurses, industrial (registered )
M an u factu rin g-------------------

257

4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0

4

15

20

23

23o

40. 0

105.00

10

1 6

23

"

4

117

10

1

■

5

6

23

2
1

7

2

1

40

35

22

43

18

32

19

43

15

1

2
3
2

1

-

_
-

3

3

_
-

1
1

.
-

14

11

1

_
-

_
-

9
2

14

14

28

■

5

2
2

16

1 Standard hours re flect the workweek fo r which employees re ceive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verag e straight-tim e weekly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)

N ber
um
°k

Average
w
eekly j
earnings
(Standard)

B illers, machine (billin g machine) -------------- -----Mannfart.nring
.....
Nonmanufacturing
. ----- — —
Public utilities 2 ___________________________ _ .
WVinlpaalp traHp

303
117
186
52
80

$ 74. 50
78. 00
72.50
89.00
66. 50

B illers, machine (bookkeeping machine) ------------Manufacturing ___ ____
_ __ _
__
__ _

106
50
56

73. 50
80.00
68.00

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A

223
115
108

88.50
— 92 :5 0 '
84.50

Occupation and industry division

See footnotes at end of table,




Num
ber
of
w
orkers

________

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B __—
—
^fannfartnring ......
...
_ _
__ _ —
__
Nonmanufacturing __ .
Public utilities 2 _____________ _________ — ----Wholesale trade
_
„
Finanre*
.... .
__________
Clerks, accounting, class A ___________________ ___
Manufacturing ___
__ ..... ______
Nonmanufacturing ... ------ . . ____
_
Public u tilities 2 --------- _ _______
Whnlpaalp trade

Fin ance3 _____

............. ...

____

_

_ —

Average
w
eekly j
earn gs
in
(Standard)

Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

earnings
(Standard)

1, 554
670
884
176
258
168
181

$79. 50
83. 00
77.00
84. 50
81.50
67. 50
73. 00

155
69
86

83. 00
— 82730
84. 00

Az $ \
:

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

Office occupations

X^aniifartiiring

Occupation and industry division

—
700 $70.00 Clerks, accounting, cla ss B
Manufacturing _______________ r.
,____________________
nnr
75.50
68.50
Nonm anufacturing---------------- ------ -----------------535
33
70.50
Public u tilitie s 2 .
_
_
Wholesale trade
--123
67. 00
Retail trade
. . .
69.00
325
1, 386
845
541
214
104
133

104.50
108.00
99.00
99.00 Clerks, file , class A
107. 50
Nonmanufacturing
93.00

.

----....

. -

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Com bined— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of

Average
w ly
eek
earning*1
(Standard)

C lerks, file , class C _
M a n u fa c tu rin g-----Nonmanufacturing _
Public u tilities 2
Retail t r a d e ----Finance 3 ____ —
C lerks, order
Manufacturing ---Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade .
C lerks, payroll _.
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities 2
W holesale trade .
R etail trade ----Comptometer operators __ ___
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _,
Public u tilities 2
W holesale trade
R etail trade ----Duplicating-machine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto) --------Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Keypunch operators,
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _,
Public u tilitie s 2
W holesale trade .
Keypunch operators, cl
Manufacturing -----Nonmanufacturing _.
Public u tilities 2
W holesale trade .
F in an ce3 —

747
—

w r

410
107
107
155

79.50
83.5b
76.00
96.50
71.50
65.50

Stenographers, senior

__ __ __ ____

__

N ber
um
of

Occupation and industry division

w ly
eek
earning*1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

565 $65.00 O ffice boys and girls .. _______
_ __ __ ____ __
"1 I T " - '68.5TT
M a n u factu rin g_______________ __
__ __ -------63.50
Nonmanufacturing __________ ____________________ _
393
154
61.00
„
Public u tilitie s 2 _______ ____ __ __ —
63.00
Wholesale t r a d e ____ ____ __ __ . __ __ __
121
Fin ance3
,
......
.........
427
60.00
1^5
70.0b
_
_ _
____ _ _ ____
302
56.00 Sprrpta ri PS
43
66.50
47.50
____
68
Nonmanufactur ing ________ __ ____ ____
127
57.00
Public u tilitie s 2 _ _ _ _ _ ____ _____ ____ —
W holesale t r a d e ______________________________
93.50
Retail trade _____ __ _____ __
__
__ __
1, 127
95.So
— w r
Fin ance3 __ ______________ ____ _
_____
91.50
620
528
97.00
Stenographers, g e n e r a l_____________________________
90.00
Manufactu ri ng -------------------------------------------839
522
93.5b
Nonmanufacturing — ---------- — ---- —
84.50
317
Public u tilitie s 2 _ __ __ ____ _
_ ________
89.50
121
Wholesale t r a d e ______________________________
84
87.50
Retail trade __________________ _________ _____
69.00
Fin ance3 -----------------------------------------------58
_____

Nonmanufacturing — __ __ ----- _ _________ —
Public u tilitie s 2 _ __ __ ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
W holesale t r a d e ________ ____ __ _ „ _ —
Fin ance3 __ _ _ ------- ------ ---------- — —

Switchboard o p e r a t o r s ------------ ------------------------120
70.50
Manufacturing
__ _____ _ ________ ............ .
Nonmanufacturing — _ __ _____
__ - -------ST- ~ w : s i r
64.50
61
Public utilities 2 --------- ----------------------------Wholesale trade ---------- ----------------------------84.50
Retail trade _____ ____
__ ______ __ __ __ __
489
sn nr
— JW ~
F in ance3 __ _____ __ ___________ __ _ — —
79.50
153
84.00 Switchboard o p era to r-re cep tio n ists-------------------53
Manufacturing
_ _ _ _ _
____
73.50
57
Nonmanufacturing --- ------ ---------- _____ __ —
79.00
Wholesale trade _. _ __ _ __ __ ___________
821
81.50
30T"
77.50
515
92.50 Tabulating-machine operators, class A -------------184
141
70.50
Manufacturing
__ _ ------ _ — — ----- __ __
110
69.50
Nonmanufacturing __ __
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ __

Earnings relate to regu lar straight-tim e weekly salaries that are paid fo r standard workweeks.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Average
w
eekly
earning*1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued
C lerks, file , class B
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
.
W holesale trade
Finance 3 ---------

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Occupation and industry division

538
226
312
56
72
115

$65.50
l O T
63.00
75.00
65.50
61.00

2,873
1, 554
1, 319
229
254
106
507

101.50
lo6.bb
96.00
113.50
94.50
86.50
90.50

1, 967
913
1,033
345
223
74
297

80.50
83.50
77.50
90.50
76.00
68.50
67.00

986
611
375
181
75
108

93.50
93.50
93.50
102.00
88.50
83.50

Tabulating-machine operators, class B ____________
Manufacturing
____
_ ________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------- -------------------------Public u tilitie s 2 _ ______________ ____________
Fin ance3 __ ___ __ ---------- __ __ __ ------------

424
227
197
96
64

$99.50
103.00
96.00
96.50
94.50

Tabulating-machine operators, class C ---------------Manufacturing ______________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_ __ _ ___ __ _____ ___

313
82
231

81.50
89.00
79.00

Transcribing-m achine operators, general __________
Manufacturing _______• ______
_ ________ ______
Nonmanufacturing __
_ __ __ ------- --------------W holesale trade ________________________________
Fin ance3 --------------------------------------------------

463
251
212
80
60

75.00
77.50
72.00
71.00
64.50

Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Public u tilities 2 _______________________________
W holesale trade ____ __ __ ______________ ____
Fin ance3
_
_ ................... _
____

1, 110
624
486
65
68
193

81.00
85.00
76.00
80.50
80.00
74.50

Typists, class B _
____________
_
_____
Manufacturing
__ __ __ __ __ __ ____ __ -------Nonmanuf actur ing __________ ___ _______________ _
Public u tilitie s 2 __ ___ ________ — ____ ___
_________________
W holesale trade ____ __ __
Retail trade __ _ __ _____----- ----------------- Fin ance3 --------------------------------------------------

2, 235
930
1,305
197
395
120
501

67.00
72.00
64.00
72.50
63.50
56.00
61.50

287

166.00
167.00

Typists, class A ________ __ ___________________

____

Profession a l and technical occupations

511
173
338
55
66
81
62

77.50 - Draftsmen, leader ___________________________________
89.50
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------71.00
89.50
Draftsmen, senior __ __ ----------- ------------- -------80.00
56.50
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
76.00
Public u t ilitie s 2 _______ - — — ___________

592
316
276
122

76.00 1Draftsmen, junior ____________________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________________
77.00 n
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------74.50 |
75.00
Nurses, industrial (registered ) --------------------------Manufacturing _ _ —___ _ - ____ __ _________
118.00
119.60 T ra c ers _______________ _______ _______ __________ _______
115.00

238
76

zUE~

1, 125
996
129
58

134.50
136.00
125.00
127.50

736
63

105.50
105.00
111.50

258
231

105.00
105.50

106
64

85.00
90.00

Fn~

12
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)
NUM BE R OF WORKERS RE CE IVIN G STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY E AR NINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly ! Under 1.70 *1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 *2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10
earn
iogB $
and
and
under
1.70
1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 over
.
-

_
~

_
-

$3.07
3.05
3.13
2.69

_
-

3.22

_
~

_
-

3.09
3.29
2.69

-

.

387
323
64

2.78
2.80
2.67

_
-

H elpers, maintenance trades __________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

750

2.58
2.60
2.38

1
1

64

Machine-tool operators, toolroom ____
Manufacturing _______________________

1, 142
1, 142

3.17
3.17

-

Machinists, maintenance _______________
Manufacturing _____ __ ____________

817
812

3.13
3.13

.

_

_

-

-

-

797
275
522
356

3.04
3.05
3.04
3.02

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

Mechanics, maintenance _______________
Manufacturing _______________________

1, 753
1,644

3.13
3.13

"

-

4
4

4
4

4
4

Millwrights _____________________________
Manufacturing _______________________

1, 123
1, 123

3.21
3.21

_

_

_

_

_

_

no
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

O ilers ___________________________________
Manufacturing _______________________

396
394

2.68
2.68

_

_

6

-

-

4

2
2

1
1

5
5

5
5

Painters, maintenance _________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Finance 3 ---------------------------------

337
213
124
87

2.90
3.07

.

_

2

6

-

-

-

-

2
2

6
2

23
23

Pipefitters, maintenance _______________
Manufacturing _____________________

727
726

3.13
3.13

Sheet-metal w orkers, maintenance ___
Manufacturing _______________________

146
139

3.18
3.21

Tool and die makers ____________________
Manufacturing _______________________

1,900
1, 900

3.44
3.44

Carpenters, maintenance ______________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Finance 3 _________________________

380
270

Electricians, maintenance _____________
Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

1,650
1,475
175

3.10

Engineers, stationary __________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------

393
263
130

Firem en, stationary boiler ____________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------

Mechanics, automotive
( maintenanc e ) _________ _______ _________
Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing
________________

1
2
3
4

110

60

3.24

2.60

2.50

-

_
1

10

10
6

12

-

.
-

9
9
6

6
6

-

.
-

29
17

27
25

19
9

15
14

12
12

2
1

10

1
1

20
16

1
1

27
25

52
51

29

12

4

-

2

1

17

-

1

1

189
189
-

137
118
19

265
262
3

168
72
96

232
231

247
245

6

1

2

52
52
-

12
10
2

53
41

10
10

12

~

34
34
"

50
34
16

38
38

18
18

19
19

10
10

8
8

19
19

2
2

j
-

1

_
-

-

1

30
2 30

45
45
-

_
-

13
13
-

.
-

29
29
-

16
15

16
14

1

2

.
-

11
11

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

. _
-

2
2

9

-

8
1

1
1

1
1

7
7

-

-

-

34

5

7

5

4

1

34

5

7

5

3

51
14
37

2

-

5
5
-

_
-

1
1

4
4
-

11
11

23
23
-

15
13

38
19
19

43
25

30
30
"

42
40

2

53
38
15

68

-

44
44
-

23

27
24
3

17
17
-

62
62
-

104
91
13

130
114
16

37
25

53
48
5

126
126

83
83

1
1

3
3

8
8

18
18

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

12

8
8

6
6

21
21

25
25

32
32

38
38

75
75

142
142

82
82

92
92

119
119

252
252

75
75

103
103

31
31

15
15

7
7

8
8

4
4

3
3

3
3

_

22
22

54
54

23
23

41
39

99
99

88
88

91

258
258

64
64

39
39

14
14

4
4

6
6

3
3

_

-

-

2
2

6
6

-

9
4
5
5

2
2

9
9
-

13
4
9
9

24
5
19

81
72
9
9

102

260
30
230
204

183
54
129
30

46

62

15
87
67

12

62

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

111

23
23

23

87
83

112

135
135

139
130

102

21

82
81

53
49

197
123

171
169

478
478

7
7

-

2
2

25
25

21
21

25
25

94
94

199
199

158
158

286
286

17
17

48
48

_

_

_

58

72
72

60

-

33
33

-

-

-

-

13
13

64
64

42
42

35
35

102
102

99
99

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

19
4
15
15

4
3

29
3
26
26

9
9
-

26

-

1
1

5
5

25
25

16
16

7
7

74
74

141

_
"

3
3

8
1

-

3
3

34
34

25
25

58
58

-

6

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

4
4

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

6

21
2

_

-

_
-

_

_

-

“

.
~

_
~

_
_
-

_

_

~

■

~

12

_

-

3

23

18

1
2
2

12
11
6

18
18

4
4

40
40

.
“

_

_

.

‘

-

“

12
12
1
1

-

_
_
-

.
~

12

Excludes premium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $4.10 to $4.20; 5 at $4.20 to $4.30; 22 at $4.40 to $4.50; 1 at $4.50 to $4.60.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




125
119

36
36

2

7
7

_

68
66'
2

22
22

2

-

_

16
15

1

1

_

12

71
67
4
4

1

-

.
-

3

9
9

60
29
31
27

2

105
68

2

88

97

34
20

_

_

6
o
_

-

-

-

59
59
-

28
26

16

2
2

5

11
4

78
77

6
6

3
3

34
34

73
73

26

-

-

19
19

_

_

1

1
1

3

-

51
51
-

4

67
67

180
180

90
90

29
28

10
10

33
33

42
42

99
99

134
134

143
143

326
326

11

_

1
1

_

17
IT "

_
-

7

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

1

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

8
6
2

-

_
_
-

_
-

4
4

1
1

1
1

2
2

1

_
-

_
-

_

255
255

539
539

168
168"

_
-

13
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material M ovem ent Occupations

(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division* Cleveland, Ohio* September 1962)

Occupation1 and industry division

E levator operators, passenger
(w o m e n )_______ __________ ________ ____
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------Guards and w a tc h m e n ______________ ——
M a n u fac tu rin g_______________________
Guards ______________ , __________ rr.
_
Nonmanufacturing

__

____

Janitors, po rters, and cleaners
(men) __ . ____ _ _ __________
_ __
__ __ _____
Manufacturing __
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
_ _ _ _ _
Public u tilities 3 __________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________
R etail trade ___ __ ____ ____ _
__
Finanrp^
Janitors, p o rters, and cleaners
(worn en) .
_______ „__________ _____ „____„
M a n u fa c tu rin g__ ______ _____ ______
Wrtmnamif artnringr
W holesale trade __ ____ __ _____
R etail t r a d e ------------- --------------F in an ce 4 ---------------------------------

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

231
229
91
1,790
1, 089
832
257
701

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
Avenge $1.00
$1.10 *1.20 *1.30 *1.40 *1.50 *1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 *2.40 2.50 *2.60 2.70 *2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 *3.20 *3.30 3.40 3.50
hourly ,
earningsL and
and
under
1.10 l t20 1,50 l f40 1.50
1,70 1.80 1.90 2.00 ?.J0 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 over

$ 1.24
1.23
1 16

19
19
LI

49
49
49

142
142
29

2
2
2

-

-

13
13

3
3

-

-

-

1
-

2
1

2.14

1
-

56
7

280
-

63
9

11
-

21
4

55
16

122
32

48

66
65
30
23
13

57
65
37
16
4

72
65
54

193
106

185
170
15

lA 9 ~

2.62
2.09
1.58

3, 243
1,986
1, 257
156

2.05
2.28
1.69

122

1.84
1.49
1.77

345
278

2.12

1

64
64
44

7
49

280

64

69

8

8

56
_
_
31

61
19

84

51
4
47
.
6

26

16
39

32
90

16
28

171
3
168
29
5
103

285
51
254
4

343
142

163
76
87

159
145
14

449
27
422
63

43
43
9
26
182

11

2

1

1

55

83
-

-

6
12

664
33
4
248

485

L a b o rers, m a terial handling ___________
M a n u fa c tu rin g_________ ______________
N on m anu factu rin g_____ _____ ________
PiiKlir lifilifiefl ^
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade __ _ ____ _____

5,325
3, 041
2, 284
732
850
672

2.46
2.44
2.47
2.84
2.23
2.40

18
18

14
14

37
7
30

28
4
24

48
48

79
4
75

101

_
18

_
14

6

24

_
14

32
16

Order f i l l e r s ______________ _____________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing — ____ __ ._ __
W holesale t r a d e -----------------------R etail trade _______________________

1, 501
538
863
637
223

2.35
2.50
2.24

-

-

8
8

8
8

-

.
-

Packers, shipping (men) ____
_ __ ___
Manufacturing ______________ _________
Nonmanufacturing __ _ __ _
W holesale t r a d e ------------------------

1,346

_ 2.39

234
215

iA i
2.01

2

8
2
6

2.04

-

_
-

2

1,112

_
-

-

Packers, shipping (women) ----- ,-r-------r
M a n u fa c tu rin g_______________________
Nonmanufacturing ____ ______________

460
528
131

1.88

O cT
1.58

_
-

12

14
4

25

10

4
4
4

Receiving c l e r k s _______ _______________ —
Manufacturing ___— -_________ — — —
Nonmanufacturing — — _________ _____
W holesale trade -----—
R etail t r a d e _____ — ---------- ------

See footnotes at end of table.




507
w r~
198

117
74

2.56

2.37
2.45
2.25
2.30
2.11

-

1
-

1

-

37

1

9
12

180

65
51
“

6
11

201

39
26

40
40
16
-

665

850
13
837
4

10

1.56
1.98
1.50
1.52
1.17
1.54

2.12

57

50
4
46
.
7
35

11

4
17

364
2, 242
54
90
840

2,606

76

11

9
54

45
51
16
15
14

86

16
4

1

18
5
61
89
80
9

_
-

243

21
4

_
.
-

_
_
_

_
.
_

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

9

_

21
...21

23
IS
g
_

34
51
3

-

49
49

2

.

-

_

181
106
75

524
422

485
248
236
91

544
423

502

582

til

608

11

102
22

75
4

232
56

18
53

12

568
69
509
•»qq
^7/
99

164

11

13

1

38
"51
7

17
15

2
1

10

2

_

lb
_

3
5
_

7

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
32
_

6

20

12
12

10
10

_
_
_

...
_
_

25
25
_

4
4

1
6

_
.

_

55
55

85
41
44
44
-

72
67
5
4
-

176

152
l50

12

17
5

40

84
63

105
85

-

_
_
-

21
21

20
20

13
4
9

6

1
1

6

16
8

3

8
8

3
3

2

.
_

19
l5
4
.
.

2

44

2

.
_

32
5o

82
13
69

40

22
20

-

34
34
-

118
25
93
92

1

1

57
26
31
31

54
28
26
25

127
105

94
77
17
16

103
101
2
2

134
107
27
27

47
45

71

55
48
7

17
17

8
8

9
9

7

31

17
11

30
26

66
21

11

16
11

10

45
43
2

1

5
5

_
_

.
_

53
46
7
-

89

-

_

-

56
9
47
44
3

_

_

3

5?
14
43
31

6
5

_
_

9

3

3
3
3

9

_

1

21

19

-

5

33
67

10

_

10

79

2
2

_

8
6
2

5

66

4

_

8

2

1

28
l4
14
8
6

-

9

79

2

.

62 ----- T
7
61
_
1
.
1

2

6

_

194
16l
13
4

18
14
4

1

21
20

2

4

.

440
419

2

-

.
_
-

217
195
24
9

64

11

_
.
-

208
166
43
15

8

11

_

299
248
51
32

30

-

_
.
.
_

1

-

2

_
_
-

2

12

106
50
56

1
1

14

24

8

13
13
"

_
_

_
_

9

1

66

15
lo
5

-

79
78
78

28

-

-

74

11

8

-

76
i4

103

7

-

322
308
308

22

14

-

156
111
101
26
29

41

10

-

66
42
42

9

103
86
65
34
4

1
8

109

30
26

.
_

91
73
23
50
18

55
18

-

.
•

_

4

192

22

.
_

-

87
38
13

110 1 1 F
36
12

26
7
19
18

.
.

-

457
379
78
31
39

12

_
_

-

66

68

.

-

114

6

.

-

66

83
80
3

-

-

56

146

-

-

10

66
11

9
7
2
2

22
22

9

2

6
6

9

20

156
144

1

16
-

121

22

275
&
98
171

1

17
4

87
177
— z- T7FH
2
85
84

274
85
191
50
141

121

238
238
-

144
144
-

23
3

_

19
19

1
1

5

12
it

_

73
45
30
14

53
51

22

_

2

16

1

8

7
10
— J—
5
7
_
4
2

37
47
32 " T T 1
5
10
2
7
2
3

?9
42
9
33

6

1

—rr
n

-

2

5~
_

_

8

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

2

_
_
_
.

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
2

.

14
Table A-5.

Custodial and M aterial M ovem ent Occupations— Continued

(A verag e straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Occupation 1 and industry division

Shipping c l e r k s -------------------------------Wholesale trade

.

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
s
$
$
$
s
$
$
Average t1.00 S . 10 *1.20 $
3.50
2.40 $
2.50 $
2.60 $
2.70 $
2.80 $ 90 3. 00 $ 10 $
2.
3.
*1.50 V 60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 . 10 2. 20 2.30 $
3.20 *3. 30 3.40 $
1.40
1
1.30 $
hourly ,
earnings* and
and
under
l , IQ I ,?Q 1,39 1,49 1,50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .00 2 . 10 2.2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2 . 80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3.20 3. 30 3.40 3. 50 over

$2.42
431
----- 2 W — Z75T"
2 .22
134
2 . 16
114

Shipping and receivin g clerks -----------M an u factu ring----------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing
---------

235
144
91

2.53
2.58
2.45

T ru c k d riv ers 5 __________________________
M an u factu ring------------ ----------------Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities 3 __
—
Wholesale trade
Retail t r a d e ______________________

3. 331
?94
2, 537
1,444
525
434

2.86

Truckdrivers, light (under
1l /z tons) —_____
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

2.81
2.87
2. 94
2. 83
2.94

rrr

2.61
2 . 6?

-

357

2.59

Truckdrivers, medium ( l l /z to and
including 4 tons) __
Manufacturing
..
__
Nonm anufacturing___________ __ __
Public u tilities 3 ______________
Wholesale trade - —
Retail trade
_ __
_

1,253
248
1, 005
763
118
118

2.67
2. 90
2.90
3.01
2.85

Truckdrivers, heavy (o ver 4 tons,
tra ile r type) _______________________
M an u factu rin g__________________ —
Nonm anufacturing________________
Public u tilitie s 3 .
—

1,074
T59”
885
495

489
—

_

_

210

Truckdrivers, heavy (o ver 4 tons,
other than tra ile r type) .
Nonm anufacturing________________
Public u tilities 3 _______ _______
Truckers, power (fo rk lift)
Nonmanufacturing

—— _________
—

PAtftil fi» a 4
a
#

Truckers, power (other than
forklift) ------- ------- ................, ---------Manufacturing __________________ __ ...
N onmanufac tur i n g -------------------------------PliVilir ntilitias ^

424
----159

2 .86

2.97
2.91
2.98
3.01
3.07
2.90
2 . 81
2.97

1, 676
1, $45
131
76

4

6

19
2

25
14

4

33
17

-

-

4
4

6
6

17
17

11
10

2
2

16
16

1
1

_
-

4
3

_
-

4
4

4
4

_
-

1

1

-

-

-

1

1

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

8

~

3
3
3

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

6
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

180
172

36
27
9
9

30
19

8

1

8

23
19
4

8
8

11

7
7
-

81
7
74
4
67
3

38
30

1

5
5
-

3
5
5
-

5

62
62

-

5
5
-

-

10
10

11
6

88
21

“

5

67

2
2

3
3

4
4
-

1
1

14

1

-

-

14
7
7
4
3

36
15

-

-

-

-

-

26
-

-

2
2

41
41

-

-

66
1

65
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
31

85
85

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.
Includes a ll d rivers regardless o f size and type of truck operated.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 1 at $3. 50 to $ 3. 60; 74 at $4. 50 to $4. 60.




52
39
13
13

6

-

2.83
2.99
2.46
2 45

435

2.77
2.78

32
27
5
5

-

_
-

20
10
10
10

26

-

3
-

2.61
2 . 60

615

3
i

-

36
36

-

6
6

-

8

4
-

28
20
8

4
-

47
43
4

30
6

24
24

42
30

3

18
16

3

12

34
29
5

67
57

3
3

10

2

9

2

7

2
1

-

-

10

11

15
9

3
3

8

1

-

7

-

“

12
10
2

-

2

25
18
7

1

9

6

43
17
26

1

4

1

1

1

1

57
24
33
31

117
48
69
3
-

147
29
118
118
-

42
39
3
3
-

385

30
29

185
34

88

397 1735
224
29
368 1511

14

200

186
98
30

110

1106

1
1

8

20

143

38

255
3

164
241

-

_
"

_
-

13
13
-

13
13

7
7
”

108
108

57

29
29
-

-

-

56

-

-

-

-

-

13
13
-

2

-

21
21

12
2
2

25
22

124

23

10

20

114
114
-

3
3
-

86

2

37
49

2

85
14
71
30

50
43
7
4

68

68
—sr

7
-

26

-

-

5
3

13
13
-

-

8
8

-

-

4
-

194
193

120

249
225
24
24

537
521
16

51
28
23

195
195

112

97
15

76
65
11
11

1

117
13
104
101

119
2
1

22

4
18
15

21

-

147
89
58
5
4
49

-

-

6

16

6

35

65
3
3

60
22

38
32

11

II

21
20
1

112

4
108
105
3

1

658
50
608

475
108
25

2
2

-

_

8
6

4
2

2
2

2

2

.
2

-

3
-

711
15
696
493
203

-

10
6

4
-

-

302
- “T5T
133
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

4

8

19

9
9

170
23
147
-

2

48
41
7
3

96
71
25

7
7

9
9

5
5

-

-

4

16
16

g

-

17
i Q

2
i

-

*75
75

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l.

15

Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office workers, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)
Inexperienced typists

Minimum w eekly straight-tim e salary 1

Other inexperienced c le ric a l w orkers 2
Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hou rs3 of—
in d u s tr ie s

in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

s tu d ie d

-

.

-----------

_

__

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 .5 0

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 .0 0

$ 50.
$52.
$ 55.
$ 57.
$60.
$ 62.
$65.
$67.

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 65 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 . 00

$ 7 0 .0 0 and
$ 7 2 . 50 a n d
$ 7 5 . 00 a n d
$ 7 7 . 50 a n d
$ 80. 00 a n d
$ 8 2 . 50 a n d
$ 85. 00 a n d
$ 8 7 . 50 a n d
$ 9 0 . 00 a n d

under
tin d e r
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 . 50
$ 80. 00
$ 8 2 . 50
$ 85 . 00
$ 87. 00
$ 9 0 . 00
$ 9 2 . 50

00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50

—

—

—

—

------------ — -------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------- --------- — — — — ------ —
________ _______
—
—
------------- — — . .
—
__________________
___________
.
____________
________________
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------—
----------—
—
-----— .. —
-------------------------------------------------------------------------— ------——
................—
—
------------ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------- -------- ------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------- — ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------------

3 7 l /2

40

294

------------- —

144

XXX

XXX

147

84

7

75

_
1
11
2
17
8
14
27
25
9
10
3
3
2
1
1
3
1
7
-

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours3
40

150

XXX

XXX

294

144

XXX

XXX

63

12

43

15 9

85

6

_

5
-

_

_

-

15
3
22
15
10
24

4
-

1

_

_

-

-

1

3
-

1
..
1

2
-

8
2
10
5

1
3
1
6
-

3
1
_
1
.
.
-

7
3
4
13
15
8
7
1
1
1
1

A ll
s c h e d u le s

37 V 2

_
7
3
5
17
17
8
8
1
1
1
-

_

A ll
s c h e d u le s

_

9
10
8
1
2
2
2
1
1
-

_
-

1

2
1
-'

5
1

1
2
4
1
1
-

9
4
4
4
7
1
1
2
2
-

-

1
-

-

1
-

19
13
9
4
2
5
1
1
2
1

10
6
6
15
11
10
7
1
4
1
2
1

37 V 2

1
3
1
-

40

A ll

37 */z

40

15 0

XXX

XXX

77

74

13

51

-

5
-

3
10
5
6
10
11
10
6
1
-

s c h e d u le s

-

11
3
12

2
1
-

9
4

3
1

1

9
8
3
2
3
2
1
1
-

2
1

-

5

1
-

4
-

_

5
8
1

3

9
5
3
4

2
-

6
2
1

-

3
2
1
-

1
-

-

2

2

-

3
1
6
2

-

-

6
2

-

2

-

-

— — — ---------

59

26

XXX

XXX

33

XXX

XXX

64

31

XXX

XXX

33

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
i n t h i s c a t e g o r y — ----- ---------------------------- — — ----- ----- ------------------

87

34

XXX

XXX

53

XXX

XXX

70

28

XXX

XXX

42

XXX

X XX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c ifie d m in im u m

D a t a not a v a ila b le

-------- -------------—-------------------------------------------------

1

-

1
-

5
2

1

'T
’hese sala ries relate to form ally established minimum starting (h iring) regu lar straight-tim e salaries that are paid fo r standard workweeks,
Excludes w orkers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger or o ffice g ir l.
Data are presented fo r all standard workweeks combined, and fo r the m ost common standard workweeks reported.




-

-

1

1
-




T a b le B-2.

S h ift D iffe re n tia ls

(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
Gleveland, Ohio, September 1962)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In establishments having formal
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Actually working on—

Second shift
work

Uniform cents (per hour)
5 cents _ .
6 cents
—
_
7 cents
l ll2 cents
8 c e n t s ___________________________________
814 cents ___
/
—
---82/5 cents
9 cents _______ ----------- - --------------------- „
10 cents
11 cent 8
__
12 cents
„ _
13 cents — _____.—___ _______ „________
T
,
14 cents _______,n_____ r
_
__________________
14V2 cents ______________________________
15 cents — _______ _________ __________
16 cents _____________________________
17 cents — „__________________________ rn
__
19 cents
- — - 20 cents
.
______ __
Over 20 cents — _
Uniform percentage
43/ percent
4

.
5 percent __________ __________ ___________
7 percent _____
—
7V4 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------l l!z percent
__
____________
8 percent
10 p e r c e n t --------------------------- ---------------15 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------

8 hours' pay for 71 2 hours' work
/
Other formal pay d iffe re n tia l___

----- ----- _

With no shift pay d iffe re n tial__________________

Third or other
shift

94.5

84.8

19.5

5. 1

91.9

84.2

19.2

5. 1

51.8

12.0

3.7

5.7
.8
1.5
.5
14.2
.5
.1
2.3
18. 1
1. 1
5.6
.9
.9
4.0
2.5

.7
.2
.3
.5
.1
1.0
10.6
.6
18.9
.3
10.4
2.6
1.9
1.0
.4
2.1

.8
.2
.3
.1
3. 1
.1
.4
3.9
.2
1.2
.2
.2
.8
.5

.1
(2)
<*)
(2)
.4
( 2)
2. 1
-

29.7

With shift pay d iffe re n tial_____________________

Second shift

58.7

T o u i ___________________________________________

Third or other
shift work

26.9

6.4

1.2

1.2
15.9
2. 1

.9
1.3
1.2
.9

.4
3.9
.4

.1
(2)
.2

-

-

(2)
.5
.2
.1
(2)
.1

(*>

.4
9.6
.6

22.7
-

1.6
.1

1.0

1.0

.3

-

2.4

4. 5

.4

.1

2.6

.6

.4

.1

-

-

.9
“

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 Less than 0. 05 percent.

17
T able B-3.

Scheduled W e e k ly H ours

(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift workers, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly hours

A ll w orkers

__

__ _____

_____ __ «._____ _____

U nder 35 hours _________ _____________________ __
35 hours
__ ------ — ----------- _ — — ------O v e r 35 and under 37 V? hours __ ______
___
.
37 Vz hours . . . . ,__________ __.. _____ _________
O v e r 37V 2 and under 40 hours _____ ___ ___ ____
40 hours
_______________________.
________
O v e r 40 and under 45 hours ___________________
4R hfinrs
O v e r 45 and under 48 hours ------------------------48 hours
______________________ ______________
O v e r 48 hours
--------------- -----------------------

1
2
3
4
5

All ,
industries

100

2
1

16
3
77

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

100

100

100

100

100

3

-

4

6
6

10

15
80

(5
j
( 5)

12
1
86

1

-

2

96
-

2

-

-

12

37

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

( 5)

-

-

-

-

-

Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown s e p a ra te ly.
T r a n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
F in a n c e, in su ran ce, and r e a l esta te.
Includes data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown s e p a ra te ly.
L e s s than 0. 5 p ercen t.




39

4
84

1

All A
industries4

100

1
2

( 5)
5
87
1
2

( 5)
2
1

M
anufacturing

Public *
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

2

93

-

2

2

-

7
86
1
2

-

-

92

-

-

95
-

5

1
6

-

2

-

-

1
1

-

-

4

-

18
T able B-4.

Paid H olidays

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

All .
industries1

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

Retoil trade

Finance3

All .
industries4

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

______

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o rk ers in establish m ents p rovid in g
paid holidays ___
. . . . __ _ _____ ______ __
W o rk ers in establish m ents p rovid in g
no paid h olidays
__ __ __ — __
_ — —

99

99

100

100

100

100

98

99

97

99

98

2

1

3

1

2

3
23
1
23
32
1
4
10
2
( 5)
-

3
9
1
33
32
2
6
11
2
1
-

22
67
8
-

50
5
6
11
26
-

59
1
32
-

‘

'

'

'

( 5)
2
16
17
72
73
96
96
97
98
98

1
3
20
22
87

-

-

-

-

A ll w o rk e rs

__

__ __ __

_____

_ __ „

( 5)

( 5)

( 5)
30
2
18
( 5)
28
( 5)
4
11
( 5)
3
( 5)
1
1
1

( 5)
11
2
30
31
1
6
13
4
( 5)
-

15
73
11
-

47
5
16
13
18
-

"

'

'

<5)
4
24
25
86

-

-

-

-

-

-

N u m ber o ! d a ys

L e s s than 6 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------6 h olidays __ __ __ __ ____ — __ __ _____
6 h olidays plus 1 h alf day ____ ___ __ __ ___ _
6 h olidays plus 2 h alf d a y s _____________________
6 h olidays plus 3 h alf days ___ _ __ __ __ __
7 h o lid a y s _________ ______ ___ ____________ _______
7 h olida ys plus 1 h alf d a y ___ __________ __ —
7 h olidays plus 2 h alf days
_. _____ ___ __ __
8 h olidays ______ ____ __ _________________ _________
8 h olida ys plus 2 h alf d a y s __ ___._______________
9 h olida ys __ __ _____ _ ____ __ __ __ __ —
9 h olida ys plus 3 h alf days ___ _____ _____ __
10 h olida ys ___ __ __ ____ ________ __ _ __
10 h olida ys plus 1 h a lf d a y ________ __________ __
12 h olidays
____ — — __ __ __ __ _____ __

64
5
23
4
5
“

64
2
2
3
2
1
2
7
2
6
4
5

i

T o ta l h o lid a y t im e 6

12 days ___________________________________________
10V2 o r m o re days _
_ __ __ __ ____ __ __
10 o r m o re days _ _______ -_ __ ----------- —
9 o r m o re d a y s __ ______ __ -__ _____ __ __ __
8 o r m o re days __________________________________
7l /z o r m o re days __ __ __ ___
______ __ ___
7 o r m o re d a y s __________________________________
61/ o r m o re days __ __ __ __ _____ __ _ __
2
6 o r m o re d a y s __________________________________
5 o r m o re d a y s __ __ __
___ _____ _____ __
4 o r m o re d a y s --- ------ __ __ __ __ _ __ _
3 o r m o re days __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _
1 o r m o re d a y s __
_ _ ------ __ __ __ — —

1
2
3
7
21
22
67
70

99
99
99
99
99

88
99
99
99
99
99

11
11
85
85
100
100
100
100
100

18
18
48
53
100
100
100
100
100%

8
8
31
36
100
100
100
100
100

5
12
18
27
29
29
34
36
100
100
100
100
100

88
97
97

99
99
99

8

8
75
75
97
97
97
97
97

26
26
43
49

32

99
99
99
99
99

92
92
92
94
98

33

1 Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv is io n s shown sep ara tely.
2 T ran sp o rta tion , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
3 Fin ance, insurance, and r e a l estate.
4 Includes data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis io n s shown sep arately.
5 L e s s than 0.5 percen t.
6 A ll com binations of fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e amount a re com bined; fo r exam ple, the prop o rtio n o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g a to ta l o f 7 days includes those
with 7 fu ll days and no h alf days, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf days, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf days, and so on. P ro p o rtio n s w e re then cumulated.




19
T able B-5.

Paid V acation s

(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tion p o lic y

A ll w ork ers

_______________________________________

AU i
industries

PLANT WORKERS
Finance3

AU 4
industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
90
8
(* )

100
86
10
1
2

100
100
-

99
96
3
-

99
98
1
-

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100
99
( 5)
-

100
99
( 5)
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

Method of paym ent
W o r k e rs in esta b lish m en ts provid in g
paid va ca tion s -------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent --------------------------P e r c e n ta g e paym ent _ ----------------------------F la t-s u m paym ent -----------------------------------O ther ___________________________________________
W o r k e rs in esta b lish m en ts p rovid ing
no paid va ca tion s ---------------------------------------

;

2

1

( 5)

Amount of v aca tio n p a y 6
A ft e r 6 months o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _____________________________________
1 w eek ____________________________ ______________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s _________________ ____
2 w eeks ____________________________________________

6
42
17
( 5)

5
55
15
( 5)

_
14
12
-

_

_

6
53
7
-

16
-

11
18
34
-

19
7
2
-

25
5
1
-

11
13
_
-

_
4
<*)
96
-

( 5)
79
6
14
( 5)
1

( 5)
80
8
10
( 5)
2

68
30
_
2

60
35
3
-

88
11
-

( 5)

52
16
30
( 5)
2

60
21
16
( 5)
2

42
3
53
2

25
10
61
3
-

28
1
69
-

14
37
46
( 5)
2

17
53
27
<5)
3

3
1
95
2

7
7
81
3

2
1
96
-

12
36
48
1
2

14
51
30
1
3

3
1
95
_
2

7
7
81
3
-

2
1
96
-

2
20
6
-

11
_
-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _____________________________________
1 w eek ___________________ ____ ___ ____ _____ _____
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s _______________________
2 w eeks ________________________ __________ ______
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s _______________________
3 w eek s ____________________________________________

_

_

_

17
1
80
1
( 5)

6
2
90
1
( 5)

54
46
1

_
28
71
1
-

_
76
24
-

3
3
91
1
1

3
( 5)
94
1
1

4
23
72
1

7
3
89
1
-

4
96
-

100
-

1
1
95
2
1

2
( 5)
94
2
2

2
97
-

_
3
96
1

_
_
100
-

100
-

1
1
95
2
1

1
( 5)
94
2
2

2
97

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eek s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s _______________________
3 w eek s ____________________________________________
A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s _______________________
2 w eek s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s _______________________
3 w eek s ____________________________________________

( 5)

1

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s _______________________
2 w eeks ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s _______________________
3 w eeks ____ :
_______________________________________

-

1

_
3
96
1
-

_
100

( 5)
100

-

-

-

-

_

_
88
9
2

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eek s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________________
3 w eeks ____________________________________________

89
6
5

89
5
6
1

See fo otn otes at end o f table.




99
-

1

_
-

95
1
4

-

54
46

( 5)
84
5
10

_
1
88
7
5

_
_
98
2

_
_
91
3
4

2
_
54
44

20
T able B-5.

Paid V acation s— C ontinued

(Percen t distribution o f office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1962)
O F F IC E W OR KER S

V acation p o lic y

All
j
industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 6

W
holesale
trade

P L A N T W ORKERS

Retail trade

Finance 1
3
2
4

All 4
industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilitiesc

1
|
I

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6------ C o n tin u e d
A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------------------------------------------ — — —
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks ---------------------------2 w eeks _______________ ___ ____
...
____
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------------------------3 w eeks - ---------------------------------------------------4 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------

_
_
45
16
39
( 5)

_
36
27
37
1

70
30
-

_
_
41
14
45
-

_
16
84
-

_
61
5
34
-

( 56
)
34
35
30
1

_
1
30
50
19
1

_
71
1
29
-

_
34
15
49
-

2
11
86
-

_
37
16
45
1

_
26
25
48
1

68
32
-

38
12
50
"

_
16
84
-

51
11
38
“

(?)
( 5)
24
40
34
(5)
1

_
1
19
56
22
( 5)
1

51
1
48
-

30
11
58
-

2
11
86
-

_
_
8
_
86
4
1

_
5
_
87
6
1

_
7
93
-

_
15
81
4
-

_
12
88
-

_
3
93
5
-

(* )
( 5)
9
(5)
82
6
1

( 5)
6
(5)
83
9
1

12
85
2
-

2
8
89
-

15
59
4
22
-

12
72
16
-

3
81
16
-

(
<5)
9
(5)
67
7
15
(5)

( 5)
6
( 5)
72
10
11
1

_
12
64
2
21
-

2
6
59
32
-

_
13

_
12

3

(?)
(5)
9
(5)
44
10
35
1

( 5)
6
(5 )
45
14
32
2

9

2
6

0

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks --------- ---------------2 w e e k s _____ __________ ________ ____ __ ____ _____
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------------------------3 w eeks ... .....r ... . .. .....
..
_ ______
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks ---------------------------4 w eeks ___________________________________________
A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______________ _____ — — ------ ------O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks ---------------------------2 w eeks ___ ___ ____ ___________ _________ ____ ___ ___
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------------------------3 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks ---------------------------4 w eeks - ---------- ------------------------ ----------—

_

100
-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------- — —
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ---------------------------2 w eeks ---------------- ----------------------- ------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------------------------3 w eeks ___________________ ___________________ —
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks ---------------------------4 w eeks _ ------------------------ ------------------------O v e r 4 w eeks — -------------------------------------------

_

_

8
_
72
4
16
(5)

5
_
71
6
17
(5)

_

_

7
-

86
_
6
-

_
-

_
-

74
26
-

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks ----- _ — __
2 w eeks ___ ________ __________ ___________ ___ _______
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks --------- __ __ ---- 3 w eeks ____ — __ -------------- „ ----------------- —
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks ---------------------------4 w eeks -______ -__ —__ —__ ______________________ _
O v e r 4 w eeks ----------------------------------------------

_

_

_

_
8

5

7

_

_

-

45
6
39
1

43
10
40
1

34
_

58
“

-

46
5
37
“

-

45
-

43

-

64
-

29
5

-

25
1
74

-

-

58

44

-

-

31
_

46

1 Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis io n s shown sep a ra te ly.
2 T ran sporta tion , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
3 Finance, insurance, and r e a l estate.
4 Includes data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d iv is io n s shown sep a ra te ly.
5 L e s s than 0. 5 percen t.
6 Includes paym ents o th er than "len gth o f tim e, " such as p ercen tag e o f annual earn in gs o r fla t-su m paym ents, con verted to an equ iva len t tim e b a s is ; fo r exam ple,
a paym ent o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earn in gs was co n sid ered as 1 w eek 's pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w ere a rb it r a r ily chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in dividu al
p ro v is io n s fo r p r o g re s s io n s .
F o r exam ple, the changes in p rop o rtio n s in dicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include changes in p ro vis io n s o c c u rr in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim ates a re cu m u lative.
Thus, the p rop o rtio n r e c e iv in g 3 w eek s' pay o r m o re a fte r 5 y e a r s includes those who r e c e iv e 3 w eeks' pay o r m o re a ft e r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




21
T ab le B-6.

H ealth, Insurance, and Pen sion Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry d ivis ion s em p loyed in establish m ents p rovid in g
health, in su rance, o r pension b e n e fit s ,1 C levela n d , Ohio, S eptem ber 1962)
3
2
P L A N T W O R K ER S

O F F IC E W OR KER S

Typ e o f ben efit
All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance45
*
6

All
Industries9

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities9

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

__

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in su rance _______________________________
A cc id e n ta l death and d ism em b erm en t
in su rance _______ — _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __
S ickn ess and a ccid e n t insurance or
sic k le a v e o r both 6 ________________________

97

99

99

95

92

99

98

99

100

97

91

56

63

39

61

19

64

61

66

56

63

39

71

87

69

71

85

27

88

90

78

93

83

----------S ickn ess and a ccid en t insurance
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w a itin g p erio d ) _________________ ___________
Sick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w a itin g p e rio d ) _________________________

51

72

22

59

65

5

82

89

37

67

74

43

57

36

29

20

25

5

1

30

34

3

7

5

30

2

18

-

4

1

27

5

8

H o sp ita liza tio n in su rance ___
____
—
S u rgica l in su rance ---------— -----M e d ic a l in su ra n ce __________________________
C atastroph e in su ran ce ______________________
R e tir e m e n t pen sion ___ ______ __ ___ __________
No health, in su ra n ce, o r pension p l a n -----

82
80
55
48
80
1

94
93
68
43
89
1

68
68
51
86
62

68
68
45
37
58
2

46
45
16
20
70
4

80
75
37
53
90
1

85
84
54
19
78

94
94
66
16
85
1

74
74
45
75
78

80
80
36
37
60

50
48
20
7
73
3

A ll w o r k e r s ____________

_____ _____

_____

W o r k e rs in esta blish m en ts providing:

1 Includes those plans fo r which at le a s t a pa rt o f the co st is borne b y the em p lo y e r, exceptin g on ly le g a l re qu irem en ts such as w ork m e n 's com pensation, socia l
se c u rity , and r a ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
2 In clu des data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep a ra te ly.
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
4 Fin a n ce, in su rance, and re a l esta te.
5 Includes data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown s e p a ra te ly.
6 U nduplicated tota l o f w ork ers re c e iv in g sick le a v e o r sick ness and a cciden t insu rance shown s e p a ra te ly belo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to those which d efin itely
e s ta b lish at le a s t the m in im u m num ber o f days' pay that can be expected by each em p loy ee.
In fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llow a n ces d eterm in ed on an in dividu al basis a re excluded.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b ill in g m a c h in e )—Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C la s s B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )—U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la s s A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C la s s B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids. As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C la s s B —

Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la s s

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to s e e that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. D&ties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

C—




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
C la s s

C l a s s B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY—Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C l a s s C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabula ting-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
C l a s s A—
Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C la s s B—
Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminafy
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a ­
tio n o f the f o llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees9 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves, m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the f o llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a ls o supervise these operations. H e a d o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m en ts e m p lo y in g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c lu d e d .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of, accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the f o llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in die trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a ry d u t ie s invQlve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates stalls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of die maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W ork ers p r im a rily e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g a n d
re p a irin g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n o r b e a tin g s y s t e m s a re e x c l u d e d .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; g&ge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t io n e d a t g a te a n d c h e c k o n id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g

.

31

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m ay i n v o l v e o n e o r m ore o f
the f o llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m ake
w o o d e n b o x e s or c ra te s a re e x c lu d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve o n e 'o r m ore o f the f o l l o w in g :
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks,or other transporting devices;unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s are e x c lu d e d .

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills'shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.



SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. S h ip p in g w ork i n v o l v e s :
A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. R e c e i v i n g
w ork i n v o l v e s :
Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le rk
S h ip p in g c le rk
S h ip p in g an d r e c e i v i n g c le rk

32

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x c lu d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
T ru c k er, p o w e r (f o r k li f t )
T ru c k er, p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

T r u c k d r iv e r ( c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1% t o n s )

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m (1 % to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s, tra ile r t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th er than tra ile r t y p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆ U. S GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1963 O - 672022
.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102