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CHICAGO, ILL
APRIL 1955

BLS Bulletin No. 1172-14

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner




House Document No. 46

84th Congress, 1st Session

Occupational Wage Survey




CHICAGO, ILL.
A p ril

1955

B u lle tin N o .

117 2 - 1 4

June 1955
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 25 cents




CONTENTS

-g-a. g e.
,I N T R O D U C T I O N _________________________________________________________________________

1

TABLES:

B:

Establishment practices and sup p l e m e n t a r y w a g e provisions B - 1: Shift differential provisions* __________________________________________
B -2: M i n i m u m entrance rates for w o m e n office w o r k e r s __________________
B -3: F r e q u e n c y of w a g e p a y m e n t ______________________ _____________________
B - 4 : Scheduled w e e k l y hours* _______________________ _______________________
B - 5 : Paid holiday provisions* _______________________________________________
B - 6: Paid vacations* ________________________________________________________

APPENDIX:

Job descriptions___________________________________________________________

* N O T E : Similar tabulations (also covering health, insurance, and pension plans)
are available in the Chicago area reports for April 1951, and for M a r c h of e a c h
y e a r since 1952.
T h e 1954 report also provides tabulations of w a g e structure
characteristics, labor m a n a g e m e n t agr e e m e n t s , and overtime pay provisions.
A directory indicating date of study and the price of the reports, as well as r e ­
ports for other m a j o r areas, is available upon request.
C u r r e n t reports on occupational earnings and s u pplementar y w a g e practices
in the C h i c a g o area are also available for m a c h i n e r y industries ( F e b r u a r y 1955),
a nd w o o d household furniture ( M a y 1954). Union scales, indicative of prevailing
p a y levels, are available for the following trades or industries: Building c o n s t r u c ­
tion, printing, local transit operating employees, and m o t o r t r u c k drivers.




00 o

Occupational earnings* A - 1: Office occupations ____________________________
A-2: Professional and technical occupations ______
A-3: Maintenance and p o w e r plant occupations _____
A-4: Custodial and material m o v e m e n t occupations

C
O

A:

11
12
13
13
14
15
17




OCCUPATIONAL W G SURVEY, CHICAGO, ILL.
AE

Introduction
T h e C h i c a g o a r e a is o n e o f s e v e r a l i m p o r t a n t i n d u s t r i a l
c e n t e r s in w h i c h the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s h a s c o n d u c t e d
s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s on a n
areaw id e b a s is .
In e a c h a r e a , data a r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d a g e n t s to r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith in 6 b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r t a ­
t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l ­
it ie s ; w h o l e s a l e trad e; r e ta il trad e; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l
e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in du stry g rou p s ex clu d e d f r o m th ese
s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t in s t it u t i o n s a n d the c o n s t r u c t i o n an d e x ­
tra ctiv e in d u stries.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e ­
s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s w e r e a ls o om itted sin c e they fu rn ish
i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d to w a r r a n t
in clu sion . 1
*
W h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e , s e p a r a te tabulations a r e p r o ­
v i d e d f o r the i n d i v i d u a l b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e
o f th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,
an d to e n s u r e p r o m p t p u b l i c a t i o n o f r e s u l t s .
T o o btain a p p r o ­
p r i a t e a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e
th an o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d i e d .
In c o m b i n i n g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iven th eir a p p r o p r ia t e w eig h t.
E s t i m a t e s a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e , a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g an d a r e a , but n o t to t h o s e b e l o w
the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d . 2
O ccupations

and E a rn in g s

O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f
j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b i i s h m e n t
v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w i t h i n the s a m e j o b ( s e e A p p e n d i x f o r l i s t i n g
o f t h e s e d e s c r i p t i o n s ) . E a r n i n g s data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r th e f o l ­
l o w i n g t y p e s o f o c c u p a t i o n s : (a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l
a n d t e c h n i c a l ; ( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; an d (d) c u s t o d i a l
and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .

* T h i s r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ’ s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e
in C h i c a g o , 111. , b y W o o d r o w C . L in n u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n o f
G e o r g e E . V o t a v a , R e g i o n a l Wage an d I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s A n a l y s t .
1 S ee fo llo w in g ta ble f o r m i n i m u m - s i z e e s t a b lis h m e n t c o v ­
e r e d by study.
A n e x c e p t i o n is m a d e in the t a b u l a t i o n o f m i n i m u m e n ­
t r a n c e r a te s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s w h ich r e la t e s to p r o v i s i o n s
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a c t u a l l y s t u d i e d .




(i)

D a ta a r e s h o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e. , t h o s e h i r e d
t o w o r k a f u l l - t i m e s c h e d u l e f o r th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i ­
cation.
E a r n i n g s da ta e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r
w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d la t e s h i f t s .
N onproduction b o ­
n u s e s a r e a l s o e x c l u d e d , bu t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s an d i n c e n t i v e
e arn in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h e re w e e k ly h ou rs a re re p o rte d , as fo r
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is t o the w o r k s c h e d u l e s
( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f - h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s
a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s f o r th e s e o c cu p a t io n s have been
r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t 50 c e n t s .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e f e r to the total in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f the s t u d y an d n ot to the
n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l
e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d
s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n ot m a t e r i a l l y
a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n i n g s d a ta .

E s ta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s
W age P r o v is io n s

an d S u p p l e m e n t a r y

I n f o r m a t i o n is a l s o p r e s e n t e d on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t
p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s a s t h e y r e l a t e to o f f i c e and
pla nt w o r k e r s .
T h e t e r m , ’ ’ o f f i c e w o r k e r s ” , as u s e d in this
b u l l e t i n i n c l u d e s a l l o f f i c e c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s and e x c l u d e s a d ­
m in istra tive,
e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l p e r s o n n e l .
’ ’P l a n t w o r k e r s ” i n c l u d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n an d a i l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g i e a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e
f u n c t i o n s . A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l
e m p l o y e e s , an d f o r c e a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t i o n e m p l o y e e s w h o a r e
u tiliz e d as a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d . C a fe te ria w o r k e r s
a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s but a r e
i n c l u d e d a s p l a n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
S h i f t - d i f f e r e n t i a l da ta a r e l i m i t e d to m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n ­
d u strie s.
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d b o t h in t e r m s o f (a)
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' p o l i c y 3 an d (b) e f f e c t i v e p r o v i s i o n s f o r w o r k e r s

3 A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g a p o l i c y if it
m e t e i t h e r o f the f o l l o w i n g c o n d i t i o n s : ( l ) O p e r a t e d la te s h if t s
a t the t i m e o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g
late s h ift s .

a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on e x t r a s h i f t s a t the t i m e o f th e s u r v e y .
T a b u la t io n s r e l a t i n g to e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y a r e p r e s e n t e d in
t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t ; e s t i m a t e s in the s e c o n d
ta b u la t io n r e l a t e o n l y to t h o s e w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the
s p e c i f i e d s h if t .
S u p p l e m e n t a r y p r a c t i c e s , o t h e r than m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e
r a t e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , a n d s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s , a r e
t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s i s that t h e s e a r e p r o v i d e d to a l l
w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in o f f i c e s o r p l a n t d e p a r t m e n t s that o b s e r v e
the p r a c t i c e in q u e s t i o n . 4* B e c a u s e o f v a r y i n g e l i g i b i l i t y r e ­

4 Scheduled w e e k ly h ou rs fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s (fir s t s e c tio n
o f t a b le B - 4 ) a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o m e n
o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in o f f i c e s w it h th e i n d i c a t e d w e e k l y h o u r s
for w om en w o r k e r s .

q u i r e m e n t s , th e p r p p o r t i o n a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g th e s p e c i f i c b e n e f i t s
m a y be s m a l l e r .
M o r e o v e r , a p r a c t ic e w as c o n s id e r e d as a p ­
p l i c a b l e to a l l o f f i c e o r p la n t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t i f it
a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s .
B e c a u s e o f roun din g,
s u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y
equal totals.
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s i s l i m i t e d to f o r m a l
a r r a n g e m e n t s , e x c l u d i n g i n f o r m a l p l a n s w h e r e b y t i m e o£f w it h
p a y is g r a n t e d at the d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r o r the s u p e r ­
v iso r.
S e p a r a t e e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r
p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , s u c h a s t i m e p a y m e n t s ,
p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n t s .
H o w e v e r , in
th e t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y ­
m e n t s n ot on a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f an n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v a l e n t
o f 1 w e e k ls p a y .

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in C h i c a g o , 111. , 1 b y M a j o r I n d u s t r y D iv i s io n , A p r i l 1 95 5

M in im u m s i z e
e s t a b l is h m e n t
in s c o p e o f
s tu d y 2

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

................. .

M a n u fa c t u r in g
......... .
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
_ _
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s 4
W h o le s a le t r a d e
R e ta il tra d e
. ...
_ ...........
F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e
_
S e r v i c e s 6 _____________
________ __
_
_

.....

_

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

S t u d ie d

S tu d ie d
T ota l 3

O ffic e

P la n t

T ota l 3

3, 144

427

1 ,0 6 0 , 7 0 0

2 1 7 ,2 0 0

6 8 0 ,9 0 0

4 9 3 ,2 1 0

-

1, 378
1, 766

167
260

6 1 8 ,1 0 0
4 4 2 ,6 0 0

8 7 ,2 0 0
1 3 0 ,0 0 0

4 5 2 ,8 0 0
2 2 8 ,1 0 0

2 5 6 ,3 6 0
2 3 6 ,8 5 0

101
51
101
51
51

120
580
209
368
489

32
59
50
49
70

8 0 ,8 0 0
7 6 ,9 0 0
1 3 4 ,5 0 0
7 9 ,9 0 0
7 0 ,5 0 0

2 0 ,3 0 0
2 2 ,0 1 0
2 3 ,9 9 0
4 9 ,1 0 0
1 4 ,6 0 0

4 4 ,2 0 0
3 5 ,3 0 0
9 6 ,7 0 0
5 1 0 ,2 0 0
4 1 ,7 0 0

6 5 ,1 9 0
1 6 ,8 4 0
9 6 ,9 6 0
3 4 ,6 3 0
2 3 ,2 3 0

101

1 T h e C h ic a g o A r e a ( C o o k C o u n t y ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o ­
s it io n o f the l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t i n d i c e s t o m e a s u r e
e m p l o y m e n t 't r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l
e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m s i z e l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,
f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s o n e e s t a b l is h m e n t .
3 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , t e c h n i c a l , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
A l s o e x c l u d e s t a x i c a b s , a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n i n c l u d e d in e a r l i e r s t u d i e s .
* E s t im a t e r e l a t e s t o r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n ly .
H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; r a d i o b r o a d c a s t i n g a n d t e l e v i s i o n ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g i ­
n e e r i n g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A:

O c c u p a tio n a l

E a rn in g s

Table A-l: Office O ccupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in C h ic a g o , 111., b y in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1 95 5)
AveiIA E
G
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly
Weekly U nder 4 0 . 0 0
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard)
l o . o o under
4 2 .5 0

$
4 2 .5 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
4 7 .5 0

4 5 .0 0

4 7 .5 0

5 0 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

$
5 2 .5 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
5 7 .5 0

6 0 .0 0

$
6 2 .5 0

$
S
$
$
6 5 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 7 2 .5 0

5 2 .5 0

5 5 .0 0

5 7 .5 0

6 0 .0 0

6 2 .5 0

6 5 .0 0

6 7 .5 0

9
9
6
2

21
2
19
3
6
1
6

53
18
35
7
12
9
6

63
14
49
8
10
7
7

7 0 .0 0

7 5 . 0 0 $ 0 . 0 0 $ 5 . 0 0 $ 0 . 0 0 $ 9 5 .0 0 W . 0 0 1*105.00
8
8
9
! and
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 ■ o v e r

7 2 .5 0

7 5 .0 0

128
31
97
3
33
1
59

130
39
91
1
43
20
27

192
48
144
8
95
4
24

43 6
2 ?1
205
15
78
14
90

43 7
136
301
11
135
61
84

41 2
154
25 8
33
131
10
82

335
21 9
116
3
43
9
57

206
131
75
7
19
28
18

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

M en

|

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ __________________ „
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ________________________
_
W h o le s a l e tra d e ' _ _
R e ta il tra d e ______________________________
F in a n c e * * .............................................................

2 .6 5 3
1, 103
'1 ,5 5 0
130
674
178
500

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
.
_ ...........
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________

1 .2 1 8
47 7
74 1

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

6 5 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

C le r k s , o rd e r
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
W h o le s a l e tr a d e

2 .0 3 5
730
1 ,3 0 5
1, 14 4

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

585
438
147

O f f ic e b o y s
________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___
_ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________
W h o le s a l e t r a d e _________________________
R e ta il tra d e ____________ __ __ __ ___
F in a n c e * * _____ ______________ _____
S e r v ic e s ___ _____ __ ______ _______
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s _____________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _ __ _____ __ __ _ : ___
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
.
__ .
F in a n c e * *
_

_ _

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll
_ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _
_

^ _
.

. .

_

_

_

_

_

.

_
-

-

-

-

-

108
38
70
10
25
10
24

j 111
1 41
!
70
!
21
!
38
4
!
5

-

_

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

12
1
11
9

_

_

-

1
_
1

-

20
2
18

16
3
13

91
14
77

30
7
23

74
6
68

113
3
no

218
98
120

161
26
135

102
42
60

52
33
19

57
19
38

58
36
22

97
77
20

65
58
7

34
30
4

25
23
2

4
4

8 1 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

_
-

-

1
_
1

4
_
4

-

-

-

-

-

13
13
10

14
10
4
4

12

_
-

12 ,
9

12
l
li
li

100
40
60
53

53
27
26
24

76
46
30
13

157
46
111
59

123
75
48
42

111
61
50
29

322
146
176
152

241
34
207
196

27 8
61
217
21 7

140
38
102
92

103
61
42
42

214
65
149
149

61
19
42
42

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

7 8 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

.

_

-

-

-

2
2

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

5
1
4

17
1
16

25
10
15

3
2
1

17
13
4

49
46
3

50
36
14

52
47
5

114
97
17

85
69
16

84
61
23

36
34
2

9
9

-

5
1
4

12
1
11

18
7
11

2 .0 1 7
700
1 ,3 1 7
160
112
703
243

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

5 0 .0 0
5 0 .0 0
4 9 .5 0
5 0 .5 0
4 9 .5 0
4 9 .0 0
4 9 .0 0

77
45
32
_
_
22
10

180
53
127
20
4
65
38

193
58
135
2
2
122
6

351
85
26 6
28
31
154
45

274
96
178
34
19
97
21

30 4
140
164
16
35
55
52

180
83
97
17
10
27
20

139
52
87
11
5
42
7

131
33
98
13
2
47
13

85
21
64
11
2
20
30

63
17
46
4
1
37
1

11
4
7
4
1
-

15
_
15
15

2
2
-

1
1
-

11
11
-

-

-

-

-

- i
- :
- !
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 .4 8 9
623
866
460

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

7 4 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

_

_
_

_
_
-

13
_

-

33
1
32
30

47
36
11
8

17

147
39
108
67

120
47
73
55

60
20
40
20

97
35
62
25

98
49
49
21

69
15
54
21

214
85
129
54

23 8
133
105
46

143
81
62
31

76
22
54
20

45
19
26

-

17
3
14
13

34
12
22

-

3
_
3
3

14

27 1
22
5
1

8
4
4
1

1 .3 9 4
647
747
152
38 8

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 0 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
6 0 .0 0

68
24
44
_

149
67
82
_

130
49
81
22
16

157
73
84
20
57

149
83
66
18
40

178
71
107
20
70

93
11
82
42
31

37
31
6
1
1

28
2
26
15
10

48
40
8
2
4

_
_

.
_
-

.
-

.

_
_

47

21 6
122
94
10
64

8
1
7
2

24

85
49
36
_
12

.

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

415
395

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

5 7 .0 0
5 7 .0 0

_

1 .0 4 9
410
639
35 6

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 1 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

-

-

_
_

-

13
13

-

!
-

-

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h i n e ) _______
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _
_
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * __ __ _________ __
W h o le s a l e tr a d e
_ _ ................
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h i n e ) _____ __ __
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_ __

„

__

___

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A
_ __
_ _
_
_
__ __ __
___
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
__ __
__ __ ___
W h o le s a l e tr a d e ________________________

_

2
_

_
_

-

-

-

46
24
22
_
12

12
12

12
12

20
20

20
20

23
23

29
26

16
16

32
29

43
43

122
119

23
17

28
28

4
1

3
3

28
26

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

10
9
1

7
5
2

19
11
8

44
15
29
4

69
13
56
1

119
37
82
55

182
37
145
86

21 8
120
98
82

52
22
30
28

178
48
130
90

91
62
29
6

30
1
29

30
30
-

_
-

-

_
-

2
_

_

_

_
-

_
_

4

S ee fo o tn o te at en d o f t a b l e .
O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , C h ic a g o , III. , A p r i l 1955
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
* * F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




_
_

_

U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta t is tic s

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s
in C h ic a g o , 111., b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , A p r i l 1955)
Average
S ex, o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number

of

workers

Weekly

hours

(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E W EEK LY EARNINGS OF

$
S
$
$
$
60. 00 *62.50 6 5 .0 0 *67.50 *70.00 7 2 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00
1 2 .5 0 I s . 00 5 7 .5 0 $
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 *1 0 5 .0 0
! and
5 2 .5 0 5 5 .0 0 5 7 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 62. 50 6 5 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00 9 5 .0 0 10 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 o v e r

$
1 2 .5 0 1 5 . 0 0 4 7 .5 0 l o . o o

U nder l o . o o
and
4 0 .0 0 u n d er
4 2 .5 0 4 5 .0 0

4 7 .5 0

5 0 .0 0

W om en - C on tin u ed
1
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________ ______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
W h o le s a le tr a d e
...
.
R e ta il tra d e _________ _____________
F in a n ce **
. .......... .

3 .7 3 9
1 ,3 3 6
2 ,4 0 3
312
224
1 ,6 8 0

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

$
6 0 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A _____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
_
............ .
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_
W h o le s a le tr a d e
_ .................. . ...
R e ta il tra d e
F in a n ce ** ....... ..............
S e r v ic e s
.......... .

2 .0 7 0
705
1 ,3 6 5
401
191
38 5
225

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

7 3 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B _____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
...............
.....
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ..
R e ta il tra d e
F in a n ce **
. _ . .......
S e r v ic e s
_ _ ......

5 .9 9 2
1 ,8 7 9
4 , 113
229
1 ,0 4 0
826
1 ,6 0 4
414

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

5 8 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
5 5 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

C le r k s , file , c la s s A
M a n u fa ctu rin g
_
._
.......... .. _
.
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ____________________
F in a n ce ** ___________________________

1 .3 9 8
626
772
149
483

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

5 9 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 8 .0 0

C le r k s , f il e , c la s s B
M an u factu rin g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
R e ta il tra d e ._
... _
F in a n ce ** .
____
S e r v ic e s

5 .9 5 6
1 ,4 6 9
4 ,4 8 7
785
516
2 ,4 8 0
353

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

C le r k s , o r d e r
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu r ing
R e ta il tra d e

2 . 162
803
1 ,3 5 9
484

C le r k s , p a y r o ll
_ _ . ..
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ____________________
R e ta il t r a d e __________________________
F in a n ce * * ________ _____ __ __ __
S e r v ic e s _____________________________

2 .6 3 0
1 ,5 9 0
1 ,0 4 0
267
297
159
128

16
_
16
_
_
16
_
_
_
_
_

-

52
14
38
_
10
22

82
14
68
4
12
48

100
1
99
1
10
83

325
70
255
18
26
210

258
70
188
13
19
137

377
65
312
43
20
223

603
73
530
61
28
418

566
148
418
96
61
248

346
174
172
20
11
124

368
270
98
17
7
32

199
111
88
28
9
36

272
247
25 i
1
2
8

_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
.
_
_
_
_

1
_
1
1
_

41
2
39
8
_
8
22

55
15
40
18
2
11
2

180
64
116
15
25
35

194
58
136
59
22
30
11

208
58
150
33
11
66
24

9
7
2
_
2

_
_
_
_
_

7
10

45
5
40
_
_
40

-

-

120
45
75
6
9
28
15

297
104
193
83
30
34
30

202
40
162
36
35
56
29

204
131
73
35
13
7
16

115
28
87
24
6
19
32

26
19
7
_
2
_
4

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
_
-

30
_
30
1
_
10
19
-

64
8
56
6
_
18
32
-

277
47
230
5
12
33
164
16

351
33
318
21
32
71
155
39

623
182
441
10
89
137
154
51

662
177
485
17
187
143
107
31

628
151
477
23
118
148
165
23

720
223
497
29
154
81
165
68

899
357
542
41
157
62
.205
77

462
186
276
37
44
39
121
35

506
164
342
11
115
50
152
14

232
60
172
22
51
14
76
9

206
123
83
6
33
6
33
5

63
48
15
_
12
_
1
2

191
76
115
_
24
14
35
42

72
39
33
_
12
_
20
1

6
5
1
_
_
_
1

_

.
_
_
_
-

51
17
34
.
23

57
20
37
_
28

124
30
94
47
41

175
79
96
_
80

173
62
111
11
85

177
83
94
23
52

175
88
87
26
49

140
87
53
9
42

86
44
42
21
16

65
28
37
4
15

64
55
9
6
2

19
16
3
.
1

43
10
33
2
15

24
5
19
_
17

7
2
5
_

-

16
_
16
_
16

4 9 .0 0
5 0 .5 0
4 8 .5 0
5 0 .5 0
5 0 .5 0
4 6 .5 0
4 9 .5 0

204
18
186
30
156

7 39
150
589
51
58
423
34

1069
269
800
160
91
460
88

806
199
607
116
42
327
38

1037
253
784
160
68
367
127

603
184
419
115
53
179
14

468
186
282
57
60
85
19

240
70
170
63
39
27
18

142
27
115
34
27
25
5

53
34
19
1
6
4

22
7
15
_
3
12
-

-

5
1
4
_
3
_
1

4
_
4
_
3
_
1

_
_
_
_

-

37
25
12
4
6
1
1

3
_
3
_
3
_

-

524
46
478
24
24
414
7

-

-

-

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 9 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
5 2 .0 0

2
_
2
2

32
_
32
22

24
11
13
9

90
6
84
61

236
60
176
79

234
53
181
90

163
44
119
58

258
81
177
78

222
82
140
67

181
74
107
1

110
51
59
3

98
55
43
1

145
108
37
1

72
38
34

41
13
28

-

-

175
97
78
8

30
17
13
4

41
13
28
-

4
_
4
-

_39.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

6 5 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

_
_
_
_

13
6
7
7

8
1
7
_
7

_

-

31
13
18
5
7
6

122
79
43
9
24
1
9

84
35
49
12
16
7
11

231
142
89
31
19
20
8

146
70
76
3
44
4
12

360
243
117
13
37
12
11

275
175
100
36
14
14
24

319
224
95
20
19
21
8

214
118
96
33
41
6
7

233
156
77
38
13
6
10

94
56
38
8
1
27

272
169
103
42
1
9
7

134
59
75
4
36
14
16

59
39
20
13
3
1
1

12
4
8
_

_

11
1
10
_
8
1
1

-

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

_
_

-

162
77
85
15
17
37
7

_
_

216
52
164
59
16
52
13

_
-

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

73
38
35
10
_
25

23
1
22
1
2
19

See footn ote at end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




48
29
19

i

15
11
_ ; 11
4
11
10
_
1
_
_
1
-

i

2
_
2
_
1
.
_
_
_

_

_
_

3

_
_

i

_
_
_ _
_
!
-

_
_
_
_
-

_ |
_ |

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_
_
_
-

-

_
4

_
_
-

_

_
_
12

_

4
-

12
_

_

_
_
_

10

_

_
_

_

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in C h ic a g o , 111. , by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A p r i l 1955)
A ver a g e

4 0 .0 0

lo .o o

I 2 . 50

1 5 .0 0

1 7 .5 0

lo .o o

1 2 .5 0

4 2 .5 0

4 5 .0 0

4 7 .0 0

5 0.0 0

5 2 .5 0

5 5 .0 0

5 7.5 0

6 0 .0 0

6 2 .5 0

6 5 .0 0

and
under

0
0

1 7 .0 0

(_n

U nder

1 5 .0 0

in

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

12.50

-J

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIG H T-TIM E WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
lo .o o

0

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

I 7 . 50

7 0 .0 0

$
7 2 .5 0

7 5 .0 0

1 0 .0 0

1 5 .0 0

1 0 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 2 .5 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

$

9 5.0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 Il0 5 .0 0
I and

100.00 105 .00

over

!

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
i

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ___________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ______________________
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________
F in a n e e * * ____________________________
S e r v i c e s _______________________________

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( m i m e o g r a p h o r d i t t o ) ________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____,_______

380

3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

6 2 .5 0
6 4.0 0
6 1.5 0
6 6 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 1.0 0
5 7 .5 0
6 0.5 0

446
303
143

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

5 5 .5 0
5 5 .0 0
5 6 .5 0

3 ,8 2 0
1 ,6 6 9
2 ,1 5 1
102
584
932
153

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.5

34
1
33
-

60
17
43
-

5
-

1
30
2

1
24

~

~

~

9
9

14
12
2

2
1
1

36
25
11

86
60
26

21
-

5
-

21
_
-

5
-

-

9
12

"

-

_
_

-

201
42
1 59
1
12
81
13

255
134
121
27
58
7

395
140
255
1
88

52

29

110
11
45

39
26
13

50
30
20

56
< 51
5

394
133
261
6
72
135

581
245

21
27

336
16
74
14 7
46
53

34
8
26

39
32
7

436
212
224
16
68
68
7
65

26
26
-

485
210
275
14
124
88

190
124
66
10

19
30

368
175
193
21
51
64
6
51

20
13
7

8
3
5

124
75

115

14 8
66
82
2 1 .
4
76
_

19
25
12

2

15
5
10

_ !
_
_

4
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

.
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

“

_

-

_

_

_ :

-

12
8
4

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

5

9
3
6

_
_
_

-

91
24
5
5

49
10
34
3
_

8
4
4

9
_

_
_

1

K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s ______________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________
F in a n c e * * ____________________________

3 . 18 1
1 ,4 1 8
1 ,7 6 3
203
237
894

3 8.5
3 9.0
3 8.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

6 0 .5 0
6 0.5 0
6 0 .5 0
6 4.5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

O ff ic e g i r l s _________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
F in a n c e * * ____________________________

1 .0 9 5
386

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

4 9.0 0
5 0 .0 0
4 9 .0 0
4 9 .5 0
4 8.0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

S e c r e t a r i e s _________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * ____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________
F in a n c e * * ____________________________
S e r v i c e s _______________________________

709
167
362

1 0.1 6 6
4 ,6 9 7
5 ,4 6 9
37 3
843
1 ,4 7 6
1 ,6 9 9
1 ,0 7 8

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ____________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________
F in a n c e * * ____________________________
S e r v i c e s _______________________________

9 .8 2 6
4 ,4 0 8
5 ,4 1 8
482

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l __________________

1 ,2 7 2
450

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2,2 81
933

38.0
38.0

6 4 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
6 9.5 0
6 4.5 0
5 7 .5 0
6 2.0 0
6 4 .5 0

623

38.5

_
_
_
-

.
_
_
_

9
4
5
.

85
32
53
_

-

21
32

104
44
60
2
4
42

170
76
94
5
56

-

-

5

38
26
12
10

•78
21
57
13

-

33

139
22
117
6
93

194
60
134
43
50

.

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

.

_
_
_

_

_

2
12

-

-

-

-

15

1
_

8
_

1

8

_

2

.
.

.

68. 00

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

29
_
29
_

1

1
4

59
8
51
1
14
15

_

1

21

178
30
148
5
50
25
58

-

10

16

16

-

-

212
101
111
_

311
147
164
_

21
78

1 09

34

368
15 7
211
15
24
122

396
167

477
206
271
55
47
124

335
163
17 2
30
17
75

314
19 6
1 18
26
23
30

72
34
38
22
2

13
7
6
_

14
5

1
-

1G
_

_

9
4
5

1
_

10
_

_
_

1
1
_
-

-

10

'

-

-

258
100
15 8

485
125
360

895
387
508

647

19
28
118

819
412
407
23
70
1 16
135
63

1029
619
410

2
8

663
1 50
513
28
47
128
246
64

1997
885
1112
71
190
303
327

1130
555

1205
667
538
44
104

773
401

760
335
425
56
135
3

528
218
310
85
55

1 06
42

132
99

71
97

105
23

104

44

30

79

229
17
23
154

1 32
35
97
56
27

46
31

77
34
43
_

42

145

11
31
_

69
76

16

16

13
14

12

10

3

13

52
63
33

425

433

120

216

305

217

940
392
548

852
274
578

177
68
109
6
77

8
16

15
2
7

2
14
37

2

110
85
1516
669
847
37
234

575
38
164

10
81

220
137
60

10

20

20

90
69
283

80
64

162

28
45
123

261

70
394

45

11

86

153

112

218
133

31
296
63

3

3

74

18

25

60

63

74

22

•

192
60
132
19
21
63

372
53
15 7
14

238
65
173
27
1
17

19
42
1 70
104
75

!

52
28
24
9
1
13

309
338
32
53
93
11 7
43

2

85
48
37
2
-

3
_
|
!

3
1
_

30

10
_
10
-

221
644
350
294
46

120
_

|______
_
_
_
-

j_

_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_ !
_
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

-

- !

_
_
_

-

- |

-

-

1075
5 34
5 41
45
137
123
156
80

922
472
450
27
82
46
138
157

472
268
204
28

44
62

28

12

192
112
80
24
8
2
30
16

232
10 5
127
46

78
30
48

33

31
27
4
4
_
_

_

_

.
_
_
.
.

_
_
_
_
_

49

21

231
146
85
29
lb
_

188
64
124
14
18
13
17
62

6
2

11
22
1
1

32

_
_

18

17

40

2

-

-

-

68

15

5

_

.

_

21
11

_

1
1

_________ i_________

S ee f o o tn o te at en d o f t a b l e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie
♦ ♦ F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .




_

_

_

6

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in C h ic a g o , 111., b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A p r i l 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E W EEK LY EARNINGS OF

Average

1

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

$
$
4 2 .5 0 J 5 .0 0 4 7 .5 0 l o . o o

U nder l o . o o
and
l o . o o under
4 2 .5 0 4 5 .0 0

4 7 .5 0

5 0 . QD 5 2 .5 0

$

5 2 .5 0
5 5 .0 0

$

5 5 .0 0

$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .001 105.00
and
over
8 0 .0 0 3 5 f 00 3 0 _ t 00 _2iL,00_ JP.fl.Q0 105 .00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
l$
5 7 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 6 5 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 80 .0 0 85 .0 0 90

$

7 5 .0 0

5 7 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 6 2 .^ 0 -6-5-.fl.Q- 6 7 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 7 2 .5 0
!

s

.0 0

i

!

W o m en - C on tin u ed
S w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ____________________
M an u factu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_ _
P u b lic u t i li t ie s * ____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
... _
_ .... _ .......
R e ta il tra d e
F in a n c e * * _
....................... _ . . .
S e r v ic e s _____________________________

1 .9 9 4
494
1 ,5 0 0
144
253
221
294
588

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
4 0 .5

$
5 9 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
5 6 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
5 2 .0 0

S w itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____
M an u factu rin g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_ ___ _
_ .
W h o le s a le tr a d e
F in a n ce * *
_ . .
___
_ .. .
S e r v ic e s
...
. .. .. .. ..

2 .0 6 4
1 ,0 9 9
965
457
179
100

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

5 9 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ___________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________

961
330

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

6 6 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ________ _________________ _____ _
_
M a n u fa ctu rin g
. __
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __ _____ __________ __
W h o le s a le t r a d e ______________________
F in a n ce **
____

1 .8 9 0
880
1 ,0 1 0
260
442

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

6 0 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

T y p is ts , c la s s A
.......
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ____________________
F in a n c e * *
_.
_
_
.............
S e r v ic e s _____________________________

. 3 .9 9 7
1 ,9 7 9
2 ,0 1 8
170
243
1 ,0 1 8
360

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0

6 2 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

T y p is t s , c la s s B
_
......
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
R e ta il tra d e
_ .. .
F in a n ce **
S e r v i c e s __

1 0 .6 8 2
3 ,9 6 8
6 ,7 1 4
1, 146
854
3 ,3 1 3
1 ,0 6 2

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

5 3 .0 0
5 4 .0 0
5 2 .5 0
5 3 .5 0
5 1 .5 0
5 1 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

219
219
14
1
204

139
5
134
3
12
20
99

134
21
113
9
12
36
9
47

98
15
83
6
14
34
14
15

198
54
144
6
39
19
46
34

193
58
135
14
10
18
52
41

235
71
164
5
50
27
49
33

140
55
85
5
31
21
18
10

143
57
86
26
42
8
6
4

145
46
99
15
33
1
32
18

98
62
36
5
1
1
29

-

13
13
1
-

96
10
86
43
42

230
129
101
63
14

-

-

-

431
275
156
78
45
11

116
58
58
38
2

-

378
248
130
36
29
40

204
89
115
78

-

152
44
108
11
31
12

131
32
99
74
6-

138
114
24
1
1
10

89
62
27
24
_
1

.

_

.

-

-

1
1

18
18

56

-

1
1

-

144
18

61
17

91
32

55
21

80
21

105
49

104
40

_
_

-

2
2
_

2
2
_
_
2

8
8
8
-

-

-

_
_
-

11
11
_
-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
_
-

23
_
23
20
3
_

_
_
_

54
54
11
_
43

_

-

15

-

1

i
j

103
23
80
35
14
1
25
5

23
8
15
2
_
10
_
3

14
2
12
.
_
10
2

6
6
6

15
15
_
_

7
4
3
_
_
3

1
1
-

_
-

- ;
_ j

-

23
_
23
10
_
11

-

-

-

45

j
j
i
i

119
80

66
10

9
6

5
2

1
1

-

-

2
2
_

6
6
_

_
_
_

1
1|
_ j
_ ;

_
_

-

-

-

-;

-

_
_
-

2
2
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_ i
_ |

_
-

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
~

-

j

13

-

49
49
28

92
48
44
4
25

208
113
95
8
59

157
90
67
18
29

220
107
113
45
54

173
70
103
56
28

337
129
208
42
108

188
114
74
26
30

144
98
46
13
11

129
40
89
32
25

101
43
58
11
16

28
2
26
11

46
17
29
3
16

7
7
2
2

14
2
12
_
12

17
1
16
_
12

48
2
46
2

126
35
91
5
2
57
15

213
100
113
5
_
73
15

371
187
184
11
27
66
40

608
254
354
17
12
243
50

7 36
294
442
32
44
277
53

458
265
193
10
75
69
27

450
313
137
17
39
56
12

349
211
138
21
9
42
46

307
185
122
15
29
34
38

70
43
27
8
6
11

120
56
64
17
4
34
9

108
29
79
10
2
43

2287
915
1372
239
171
651
196

1676
629
1047
180
113
501
188

1630
691
939
228
99
508
78

887
354
533
107
92
211
98

801
310
491
120
37
111
181

240
108
132
22
5
70
32

159
83
76
22
13
35

48
29
19
3
1
5

37
23
14
_
_
11

2
2
_
-

26
16
10
10
_

1
1
_
_
_

-

-

-

37
1

135
6
129
32
48
49

266
22
244
14
48
129
53

977
285
692
57
87
476
63

1487
494
993
95
148
593
122

1 H ou rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r ie s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
* * F in a n ce , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




40
17
23
12
8
3

29
8
21
_
_
6

j

-

_

1
1
1
-

- J
- :
- '
-

-

-

.

_

_ |
i

1

1

i

_
-

_

-

_
_

Table A-2: Professional a,nd Technical Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in C h ic a g o , 111. , b y in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n , A p r i l 1955)
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Is
s
$
$
s
$
$
|
$
$
$
$
$
$
5
$
$
Weekly
Weekly
57. 50 6 0 .0 0 62. 50 65. 00 67. 50 70. 00 75. 00 ;8 0 .0 0 85. 00 9 0 . 0 0 95 . 00 10 0 .0 0 105 .0 0 110 .00 ll5 .O o jl2 0 .O o J l2 5 .0 0 130 .00 140.00 1 5 0 .o J l6 0 .0 0
hours
earnings U nder and
and
(Standard) (Standard)
I 7 . 50 u n d e r
6 0 .0 0 62. 50 6 5 .0 0 67. 50 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 !8 5 .0 0 9 0 . 00 9 5 . 00 LOO. 00 L05.00 110 .0 0 1 15 .00 120.001125.001130.00 140 .00 150.00 160.00; o v e r
j

M en
i

1

1

3

3

22

1

17
6
11

81
67
14

163
137
26

257
225
32

339
231
108

391
287
104

112
112
-

83
72
11

191
149
42

333
258
75

236
152
84

171
132
39

64
55
9

39

156
130
26

179
155
24

76
49
27

56
42
14

597

39. 5

12 7. 00

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r ----------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------

3. 364
2 ,0 6 3
1 ,3 0 1

39. 5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 1 .0 0
9 7 . 50
106. 50

-

-

-

-

3
3

6
2
4

21
12
9

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r ----------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------- ———

1 .5 8 4
1 ,2 5 6
328

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5

7 4 .0 0
72. 50
80. 00

116
111
5

43
32
11

128
124
4

51
44
7

702
575
127

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5

75. 00
7 5 .0 0
75. 50

3

5
5

13
10

64
53
11

41

66

136

48

115

44

18

334
150
184

182
90
92

239
126
113

220
* 149
71

160
79
81

123
51
72

44
44

17
_ !
17

10

6
6

_
-

1
-

_

_

-

1

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

30

380
250
130

387
201
186

67
42
25

34
26
8

2
2
"

26
25
1

18
15

.

10

!

t

_

53

-

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ----------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------

1
2

3

33

6

3

i

3

2
1

-

-

-

!

1

____

i------------

H o u rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r ie s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .




O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , C h ic a g o , III. , A p r il 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

8

Table A-3: Maintenance apd Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in C h ic a g o , 111., b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A p r i l 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
N um ber
of
workers

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Average
hourly
earnings

U nder 1 .7 0 1 . 7 5
and
$
1 .7 0 u nd er
1 .7 5 1 .8 0

C a r p e n te r s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________________
M a n u factu rin g __________________ _______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
................... .... .
.
R e ta il tra d e

1 .4 6 4
953
511
143

$
2 .5 1
2 .2 5
3 .0 0
2 .7 7

E l e c t r ic i a n s , m a in te n a n ce
M a n u fa ctu rin g
...
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ............

3 .5 6 6
2 ,7 6 5
801

2 .4 9
2 .3 8
2 .8 9

E n g in e e r s , sta tio n a r y
M an u factu rin g
_ ............
N on m an u factu r ing ........ ..
R e ta il tra d e .....
...................
F in a n ce*--' . . . .

2 .4 1 8
1, 196
1 ,2 2 2
259
453

2 .5 2
2 .4 1
2 .6 3
2 .6 0
2 .8 1

11
_
11
-

-

-

-

1 .0 6 4
745
319

2 .0 5
1 .9 7
2 .2 2

149
135
14

53
24
29

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e ____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___

2 .2 3 5
1 ,8 2 0
415

1 .8 8
1 .8 5
1 .9 9

3 387
382
5

132
125
7

M a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m
M an u factu rin g

2 .2 5 8
2 ,2 5 8

2 .3 7
2 .3 7

M a c h in is ts , m a in te n a n ce
M an u factu rin g
.

3 .5 1 5
3, 322

2 .4 7
2 .4 6

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in t e n a n c e )___
M an u factu rin g ___________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________
..............
R e ta il tra d e

1 .6 5 8
452
1 ,2 0 6
822
236

2 .4 0
2 .2 8
2 .4 4
2 .4 6
2 .4 1

M e c h a n ic s , m a in ten a n ce
M a n u fa ctu rin g
_ ...
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

3 .0 2 0
2 ,6 5 9
361

2 .2 4
2 .2 3
2 .3 5

2 .2 3 6
2 , 175

2 .2 7
2 .2 7

1 .3 1 7
1 ,1 8 8
129

1 .9 0
1 .8 7
2 . 16

4 169
167
2

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ____________________
_______
M a n u f a c t u r in g __
N on m an u factu r ing

1 .1 5 5
567
588

2 .5 5
2 .2 5
2 .8 5

_

P i p e f it t e r s , m a in ten a n ce
M a n u fa ctu rin g _
N on m an u factu r i n g _______________________

1 .3 4 5
1 ,2 1 0
135

2 .4 0
2 .3 5
2 .8 8

P lu m b e r s , m a in te n a n ce

131

2 .6 4

_

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa ctu rin g _

579
576

2 .3 7
2 .3 7

4 .2 9 2
4 ,2 9 2

2 .6 7
2 .6 7

......

F ir e m e n , s ta tio n a r y b o i le r
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

.
.

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
M a n u fa ctu rin g

.

.......................

M illw r ig h ts . _______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________
O ile r s ______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

_

__

__
____ ___

.....
__

............

1 .8 0

$
1 .8 5

f .9 0

1 .9 5

1 .0 0

1 .0 5

1 . 10 1 . 1 5

1 .2 0

1 .2 5

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .3 5

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .4 5

1 .8 5

1 .9 0

1 .9 5

2 .0 0

2 .0 5

2 . 10

2. 15

2 .2 5

2 .3 0

2 .3 5

2 .4 0

2 .4 5

2 .5 0

39
33
6
3

34
32
2
1

44
43
1

137
133
4

127
117
10

-

11
11

-

11
11

-

-

-

-

31
28
3
2

49
44
5
5

29
17
12
12

154
152
2

_

22
20
2

75
69
6

82
82

50
48
2
2
-

69
68
1
1
-

48
45
3
1
-

101
96
5
2

32
31
1

-

173
145
28
27

-

-

187
167
20

282
270
12

231
217
14

251
242
9

296
289
7

94
75
19
19
-

37
35
2
_
-

120
80
40
11
-

123
17
12
-

156
77
79
4
-

80
78
2

93
83
10

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
$
3. 10 3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0
and

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 10

3 .2 0

3. 30

over

55
39
16

-

62
57
5
5

-

-

-

178
156
22

304
235
69

432
388
44

87
57
30

223
147
76

153
58
95

122
115
7
5
-

35
33
2
1
-

99
61
38
1
-

161
64
97
_
1

137
25
112
88
_
_

326
188
138
29
80
_
-

641
90
551
77
368

8
4
4

-

55
25
30

21
7
14

6 2 390
61
6
329
-

32
16

15
_
15
_
_
_

_
_
-

-

_
_
_

_

3
3

43
41
2
_
2
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

140
140

130
130

29
29

16
16

-

-

-

-

468
456

163
148

249
198

107
35

2
2

46
43

16
16

26
26

147
147

106
30
76
5
1

785
1
784
663
119

28

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

28
22
6

2

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

296
256
40

95
74
21

119
28
91

22
22

40
40

20
20

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

27
27

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

15
8
7

8
8
-

4
3
1

1
1

37
37

23
1
22

8
8

-

-

-

-

_
-

28
17
11
7
2

41
38
3

12
7
5

45
40
5

77
70
7

56
49
7

92
91
1

98
97
1

11
6
.5

14
14
-

59
35
24

77
17
60

17
9
8

38
23
15

51
1
50

113
28
85

58
58
-

-

283
276
7

302
261
41

165
120
45

362
293
69

98
65
33

163
69
94

44
43
1

109
36
73

20
17
3

74
74

_

_

_

3
3

-

32
10
22

1

-

21
17
4

_

-

32
22
10

-

1

-

-

-

36
36

1
1

53
53

83
83

104
104

146
146

89
89

432
432

I ll
111

159
159

241
241

268
268

220
220

1

3
3

18
18

20
20

71
68

40
40

133
133

162
160

162
162

260
260

211
205

389
384

402
390

419
408

18
2
16
16

17
14
3

13
4
9
9

58
42
16

88
31
57
37
5

149
114
35
12
11

29
10
19
7
2

210
131
79
9
59

95
47
48
21
3

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

.

2

_

2

_

-

_

_

-

2

-

2

5
3
2

_

_

_

-

106

6
_
6
6

5
2
3
3

_
_

-

2 .2 0

2 .5 0

$

7
1
6

9
7
2

-

_
-

22
21
1

16

1
_
_

6

403.
18
385
71

6
6

2
2

-

.

-

2

-

2

2

-

3

-

32
9
23
19
4

12

19
14
5
2
3

1

7
5
2

7

56
53
3

78
63
15

206
194
12

137
127
10

226
191
35

228
210
18

325
307
18

128
119
9

84
73
11

394
374
20

138
122
16

322
300
22

43
43
-

46
38
8

21
21

58
58

12
12

46
46

55
55

29
29

166
166

360
359

94
94

600
550

65
65

227
227

185
175

220
220

47
47

12
12

5
5

4
4

-

264
262
2

86
84
2

180
177
3

82
82

118
78
40

37
37

10
10

8
8

4
4

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
_
1

_

-

1
_
1

_

-

33
_
33

30
30

-

39
24
15

_
_

-

49
19
30

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

14
5
9

60
53
7

38
36
2

50
48
2

63
57
6

103
58
45

32
31
1

37
26
11

35
31
4

21
9
12

18
17
1

81
64
17

3
2
1

53
27
26

11
11
-

20
16
4

1
_
1

20
20

-

11
11
-

1
_
1

16
16

30
30

52
52

-

192
190
2

56
53
3

43
36
7

109
73
36

_
_

-

60
50
10

5
5

-

59
57
2

103
103

-

116
114
2

165
165

-

27
25
2

143
143

-

30
29
1

-

_

7

12

3

6

13

5

1

4

2

1

4

14
14

54
54

15
15

14
13

32
32

105
105

11
11

40
40

33
33

126
126

33
31

42
42

50
50

6
6

18
18

41

27
27

12
12

59
59

69
69

357
357

278
278

648
648

687
687

464
464

667
667

_

_

1
.
-

_

_
.

7
_

-

-

122
122

84
84

-

-

28
8
20

8
5
3

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_
5
5

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

5
5

_

-

41

168

168

_

_

_

_

3
_
3

438
26
412
_

-

80
58
22

15

13

-

1
1
418
418

233
233

-

-

_

_

...

1

-

2

3
3

1

-

-

47
_
47

-

18

24

2

1
1

-

1
1

-

116
116

10
10

9
9

_

2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r i l 1955
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s : 364 at $ 3 .3 0 to $ 3 . 4 0 ; 6 at $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 . 5 0 ; 20 o v e r $ 3 . 5 0 .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s : 18 u n d er $ 1 . 5 0 ; 18 at $ 1 . 5 0 to $ 1 . 5 5 ; 20 at $ 1 . 5 5 to $ 1 . 6 0 ; 93 at $ 1 . 6 0 to $ 1 . 6 5 ; 238 at $ 1 .6 5 to $ 1 .7 0 .
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s : 32 at $ 1 . 5 0 to $ 1 . 5 5 ; 48 at $ 1 . 5 5 to $ 1 . 6 0 ; 19 at $ 1 . 6 0 to $ 1 . 6 5 ; 70 at $ 1 . 6 5 to $ 1 . 7 0 .
* FRASER
for T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
* * F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .

Digitized


Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 2 s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s
in C h ic a g o , 111. , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

G u a r d s ---------------------------------- ----------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
F in a n c e * * _____________________________

3, 013
2 , 108
905
567

$
1 .7 2
1 .7 4
1 .6 8
1. 68

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c le a n e r s
( m e n ) ______________ _______________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e ___________________________
F in a n c e
.
_
________ __
_____
_
S e r v ic e s

13, 776
7, 767
6, 009
607
499
1 ,4 4 4
2 , 335
1, 124

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c le a n e r s
(w o m e n )
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_ ..... .. ..
................... ... .
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ....
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________
F in a n c e * * _____________________________
S e r v i c e s ________________________ ____

5. 613
940
4, 673
104
380
3, 627
490

$
$
$
U nder 1 .0 5 1. 10 1. 15
and
$
1. 05 under
1. 10 1. 15 1 -2 0

$
1 .2 5

$
1. 30

$
1. 35

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .4 5

$
1 .5 0

$
1. 55

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .6 5

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .7 5

$
1. 80

$
1 .8 5

$
1 .9 0

$
1 .9 5

$
2. 00

$
$
2. 10 2 .2 0

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

1.-25

1 .3 0

1. 35

1 .4 0

1 .4 5

1 .5 0

1 .5 5

1 .6 0

1 .6 5

1 .7 0

1 .7 5

1 .8 0

1. 85

1 .9 0

1 .9 5

2 . 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2. 50

and
over

-

12
12
12

44
22
22
22

41
41
40

86
16
70
30

102
22
80
48

210
178
32
23

124
77
47
18

206
173
33
28

137
105
32
20

132
120
12
5

237
210
27
23

107
79
28
14

229187
42
34

133
92
41
23

311
269
42
30

87
24
63
10
34
19

626
128
498
49
159
290

273
160
113
41
67
5
-

365
58
307
12
36
83
19
157

508
220
288
14
10
208
15
41

446
238
208
6
10
177
10
5

459
343
116
23
29
63
1
"

727
599
128
11
1
87
12
17

630
462
168
23
22
97
3
23

755
551
204
67
76
25
10
26

1855
1608
247
37
35
35
1
139

848
634
214
50
22
69
73
-

780
627
153
29
97
22
4
1

483
409
74
32
7
27
4
4

862
783
79
26
32
21
-

298
210
88
58
2
27
1
-

304
68
236
161
62
13

105
2
103
88
3
12

76
34
42
1
29
3
9

120
61
59
11
32
16

144
54
90
2
41
9
30

181
104
77
10
30
11
4

72
35
37
1
29
7

126
40
86
16
50
9
-

109
84
25
3
17
5
-

3889
135
3754
56
24
3322
352

309
103
206
15
1
190
-

122
81
41
40
-

29
27
2
1
1
~

116
114
2
2
-

12
12
-

31
31
-

2
1
1
1

-

26

-

$
1. 20

-

~

26
6

1. 59
1. 58
1 .5 9
1 .6 8
1 .4 5
1. 30
1 .9 1
1 .3 4

474
39
435
11
10
217
197

1 .4 3
1 .4 2
1 .4 3
1 .4 3
1. 19
1 .4 7
1 .3 7

167
22
145
59
56

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d l i n g _____________ 2 3 ,7 7 9
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________ ”1 3 ,9 5 6
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_
. _
_
9 , 823
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____________________
2, 730
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
4 , 277
R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------------------2, 742

1 .6 8
1 .6 5
1 .7 3
1 .9 2
1 .6 9
1. 60

79
79
18
61

36
36
36

164
66
98
34
58

110
13
97
35
62

427
307
120
_
95
25

556
328
228
106
116

459
250
209
_
115
88

450
292
158
49
82

766
528
238
4
131
101

734
574
160
5
32
123

O r d e r f i l l e r s ________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________

7,
2,
4,
3,

108
775
333
086

1 .7 2
1 .7 2
1 .7 2
1 .7 1

44
1
43
23

52
33
19
4

132
99
33
27

49
3
46
33

75
12
63
38

111
37
74
31

136
49
87
43

160
63
97
74

117
6
111
50

259
123
136
75

493
141
352
289

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g (m e n ) _ _ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e ___________________________

5.
3,
1,
1,

860
898
962
575
355

1 .6 6
1 .6 9
1 .6 1
1 .6 3
1. 54

38
38
32
6

5
5
5

52
52
40
12

78
43
35
30
5

77
18
59
43
14

266
166
100
66
28

224
150
74
48
16

335
215
120
102
14

212
149
63
48
15

179
104
75
60
14

451
256
195
159
35

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n ) . . . . . . .
M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________

2, 941
2 ,4 8 1
460

1 .4 5
1 .4 5
1 .4 2

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ________ _____________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------------- -----R e t a il t r a d e -----------------------------------------

1 .6 8 1
820
861
367
468

1 .9 0
1 .9 3
1 .8 7
1 .9 8
1 .8 2

405
245
160
155

284
2173
123 — t t
2050
212
43
2
10
210
1815
182
“

307
245
62
2
1
2
57
“

-

-

-

940
94
846
288
435
104

2385
b43
1742
1551
142
49

20
4
16
2

-

3
1
2
2

-

-

-

-

24
165
nrcr ------- T
5
18
4
4
14
1
~

1
1
1
-

32
32
32
~

10
10
10

-

-

-

“

-

3
3
3

-

500
299
201
81
70
50

402
218
184
137
47
-

457
294
163
98
65

4
4
-

6
6
~

_
-

446
270
176
34

61
61
“

24
16
8
~

li
li
-

1
1
-

121
121
-

27
27
-

31
31
-

4
4
"
37
9
28
24
4

2086
1790
296
203
89

2856
1535
1321
303
875
143

2019
1384
635
1
453
179

1705
1380
325
8
291
26

770
447
323
36
97
190

1300
340
960
6
609
345

359
314
45
4

392
240
152
128

573
338
235
101

644
230
414
392

5 09
81
428
419

735
47
688
602

594
174
420
411

459
210
249
170

293
113
180
40

379
102
277
98

281
227
54
32
18

392
328
64
34
30

673
619
54
48
5

414
162
252
164
88

445
339
106
99
7

498
388
no
94
16

242
94
148
146
2

531
257
274
267
4

53
33
20
20

83
41
42
42
"

_

.

.

200 4 256 4
1051 2113
953
451
1
211
363
77
163
587

48
32
16

279
243
36

83
76
7

152
70
82

49
38
11

82
54
28

370
333
37

193
176
17

126
101
25

257
253
4

78
54
24

320
320
-

125
125
-

408
278
130

110
no
“

123
123

5

3

8

20

12

26

5
_

3
_
3

8
5

20
14

4
_
4
2

18

_
-

1
_
1
-

17
1
14

12
8

26
24
2

16
_
16
2
14

31
18
13
1
12

51
33
18
12
4

103
83
20
20

67
34
33
32

124
31
93
16
77

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s
* * F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




-

283
191
92
11

165
117
48
21

2 .3 0

74
52
22
21
1

■

~

78
78
-

'

34
31
3

40
40

3
3
"

"

"

“

57
57
“

131
64
67
6
61

162
83
79
1
78

154
76
78
73
5

94
48
46
44
2

343
241
102
94
8

188
44
144
45
99

61
34
27
24
3

_

_

-

-

‘

'

13
13
-

9
8
1
1

O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is tic s

10

Table A-4:

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued

(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 23 stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in C h ic a g o , 111. , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A p r i l 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

hourly
earnings

Shipping c l e r k s ____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
. _ _
. _ .

1. 420
823
597

$
1 .9 4
2 . 02
1 .8 3

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k s
M a n u fa c t u r in g ......
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

1, 354
772
582

1 .9 0
1 .9 0
1 .9 0

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n der 1V 2 t o n s ) ___
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

1 .7 6 9
1, 141
628

2 . 19
2. 32
1 .9 6

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V 2 to and
in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
_ .......
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _ ___
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e

4 , 076
815
3, 261
1, 617
1, 404

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 ton s,
t r a il e r ty p e )
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____________________
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
U nder 1 .0 5 1. 10 1. 15 1 .2 0 1 .2 5 1. 30 1 .3 5
and
$
“
“
~
“
1. 05 u n d e r ~
1 . 10
1. IS 1 .7 0 1 . 7 5 1 . 30 1 . 33 1 .4 0

$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
1 .6 0 1 .6 5 1 .7 0 1 .7 5 1 .8 0 1 .8 5 1 .9 0 1 .9 5 2. 00 2. 10 2 .2 0 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .4 5

$
1 .5 0

”
1 .4 3

”
1 .3 0

“
1. 33

1 .6 0

■
1 .63

”
1 .7 0

1.7 3

”
1 .8 0

1 .8 3

“
1 .9 0

~
1 .9 3

7 . 00

7 .1 0

"
7 .7 0

"
7 . 30

"
7 .4 0

2 .5 0

and
ove r

27

59
59

13
13

72
64
8

46
36
10

66
45
21

82
22
60

100
60
40

150
119
31

165
25
140

59
47
12

195
92
103

162
123
39

78
77
1

25
25
"

17
17
"

81
71
10

31
25
6

%

1. 55

~

~

"

4
4

1
1

7
7

4
4

4
4

27

3
3

-

_
-

.
-

-

-

5
5

-

-

9
9

12
12
-

1
1

69
66
3

50
20
30

58
20
38

81
63
18

60
37
23

85
60
25

140
106
34

120
65
55

158
54
104

78
13
65

158
80
78

132
60
72

25
22
3

50
43
7

32
26
6

“

-

-

-

2
2

36
21
15

-

9
9

13
13
-

-

22
22
-

5
4
1

136
2
134

59
57
2

625
202
423

19
15
4

“

5
5

805
805

-

4
4

-

-

5
5

11
12
10
09
13

-

80
71
9
4

34
2
32
12

7
5
2
-

1924
250
1674
1066
457

1218
950
377
548

325
325
65
260

138
15
123
123

259
150
109
109
-

11
11
-

4 , 255
364
3, 891
2, 502
975

2 .2 4
2 .2 0
2 .2 4
2. 22
2 .2 5

-

"

41
3
38
38

130
72
58
35
23

1113
84
1029
774
255

2151
99
2052
1549
463

670
105
565
137
54

8
1
7
7
-

142
142
142

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 ton s,
o th e r than t r a il e r t y p e ) _________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ___ ___________________

1. 612
1, 458

2 . 19
2 .2 0

1
“

253
205

713
619

247
241

396
393

2
-

“

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( fo r k lift )
M a n u fa ctu rin g _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g . _

3. 509
3, 010
499

1 .8 7
1 .8 6
1 .9 5

324
207
117

214
181
33

132
120
12

35
35

8
8

948
826

1 .8 4
1 .8 0

_

5, 047
1, 660
3, 387

1 .2 4
1. 51
1. 11

3 2577
91
2 48 6

_ .

_ _

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th e r than f o r k li f t ) ___
M a n u fa ctu rin g

W a tch m en
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

1
2
3
*

......

...
_

..

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
23

“

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

10
10
-

27
27
-

17
17
-

_

-

26
26
-

*

"

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

-

_
_

.-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

177
64
113

-

-

32
15
17

131
57
74

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

2
2

4
4

6
4
2

58
56
2

78
77
1

123
121
2

163
156
7

256
250
6

256
253
3

69
44
25

232
191
41

490
455
35

813
713
100

246
147
99

-

"

-

"

4
3

9
9

3
3

249
248

56
53

42
36

217
217

38
28

10
10

199
199

46
10

75
10

-

-

119
56
63

81
19
62

253
177
76

159
54
105

163
109
54

155
94
61

140
107
33

369
301
68

106
63
43

69
63
6

81
51
30

50
39
11

37
23
14

1
1

4
1
3

-

70
70

-

"

60
32
28

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

202
174
28

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k pn w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
D ata lim i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s : 51 at $ 0 . 7 5 t o $ 0 . 80; 35 at $ 0 . 80 t o $ 0 . 85; 53 at $ 0 . 85 t o $ 0 . 90; 11 a t $ 0 . 9 0 to $ 0 . 9 5 ; 127 at $ 0 . 9 5 t o $ 1; 2, 300 a t $ 1 t o $ 1. 05 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .




268

-

.
-

-

-

11
11




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table

B-l: Shift D iffe r e n tia l P r o v i s i o n s 1
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
(a )
In e s ta b lis h m e n t s h a vin g
f o r m a l p r o v is i o n s f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

(b )
A c t u a lly w o r k in g on^—

S e co n d sh ift
w ork

T o ta l _ _

.

W ith s h ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l

U nder 5 ce n ts ____
_ _

7 o r 7 V2 c e n ts
8 o r 8 V2 c e n ts

_

__

.........

1 7.1

5 .9

9 1 .5

8 1 .1

1 6 .7

5 .8

__

4 9 .2

3 8 .5

9 .9

3 .7

.6
1 0 .2
7 .2
2. 7
.5
5 .4
1 5 .6
1 .4

.1
2 .2
1 .7
.8
.2
.8
2 .4
.5

1 .6
4 .0

.6
2 .5
.8
.5
1 1 .4
1 2 .6
3 .0
.5
5 .0
1 .7

.3
.9

. 1
.1
A
1 .5
1 .3
.2
.1
.3
.2

4 1 .3

3 6 .0

6 .5

1 .4

6 .5
.6

.8
.2
3 .7

1 .4
. 1
-

A
.4

.

__ __ __ _____

... _

8 2 .3

.

_

U n ifo r m ce n ts (p e r h o u r)

5 cen ts
6 ren ts

.

9 2 .7

_ _

-

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift w o r k

__ __ „
_

_ _______
......

...

__

_ _ _ _ _
_ _
.
_____
_
_
9 c e n ts __ __ __ __ ___ __ _____ __ _ __ __ _ __ ___
10 ce n ts
...
.
_. . ._
12 o r I 2 V2 c e n ts
_
_
I 4 V2 ce n ts
15 ce n ts . .
____ ____ _
O v e r 15 ce n ts
_ ..
.
_
.
...

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e

_

_

5 p ercen t
7 p ercen t
_
_ _
7 V2 p e r c e n t
_
8 p ercen t
_ ................ .....
_
. ....
_
10 p e r c e n t
_
_
__ _
_. . . . . .
121 p e r c e n t
/?.
_
_
....
___
15 p e r c e n t

______

-

_

T h ir d o r o th e r
shift

_

__ _

________

-

-

4 .9
.2
.1

.7
A
.3

1 .0

__ __

-

25. 1
1 .3
4 .8

6 .6

.3

.7

1 .2

1 .2

.4

.1

.9
3 1 .6
1 .3
.4

O th er 2

N o s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

_

_

S e co n d sh ift

__

1 S hift d iffe r e n t ia l da ta a re p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (a ) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l ic y , and (b ) w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d on la te
s h ifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a vin g a p o l ic y i f it m e t e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d i ­
t io n s : ( l ) O p e r a te d la te s h ifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y , o r (2 ) had f o r m a l p r o v is i o n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts .
I n clu d e s su ch p r o v is io n s as fu ll p a y fo r r e d u c e d h o u r s p lu s c e n ts o r p e r c e n ta g e d if f e r e n t ia l.
A L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

O c cu p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r il 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta t is t ic s

12

Table B-2* Minim um Entrance Rates for W o m e n Office W orke rs 1
N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith s p e c i f i e d m in im u m h ir in g ra te in—
M a n u fa ctu rin g
M in im u m ra te
(w e e k ly s a la r y )

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s t u d i e d ____________________

427

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa ctu rin g

B a s e d on s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

167

40

XXX

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith s p e c i f i e d m in im u m h ir in g ra te in—

A ll
s c h e d u le s

260

3 7 1/*

XXX

A ll
in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

XXX

427

F O R IN E X P E R IE N C E D T Y P IS TS

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c i fi e d
m in im u m __________________________________
$ 30.
$32.
$ 35.
$37.
$40.
$42.
$45.
$47.
$50.
$ 52.
$55.
$ 57.
$60.
$62.
$65.

00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

und er
under
under
un d er
un d er
under
un d er
under
under
u nd er
under
under
u nd er
under
over

$ 32. 50 ______________
$ 3 5 . 00
____________
$ 37. 50 ______________
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50 ______________
$ 4 5 . 00 ______________
$ 4 7 . 50 ______________
$ 5 0 . 00 ..........
$ 5 2 . 50 _ __________
$ 55. 00 ______________
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 . 50 ______________
$ 6 5 . 00
_ .
____ __________________

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no
s p e c ifie d m in im u m _______

_____________

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not
e m p lo y w o r k e r s in th is
c a t e g o r y _______________ ____________
I n fo rm a tio n not a v a ila b le

______

237

100

_

2
2
3
25
26
59
39
51
12
7
2
5
2
2

7
9
25
17
29
7
1
1
1
2
1

87

42

102
1

137

_
5
6
20
12
23
7
1

2
2
3
_
18
17
34
22
22
5
6
1
4
1

1

1
2
1

167

XXX

45

24

XXX

78

1

XXX

40

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

260

37V z

XXX

40

XXX

F O R O T H E R IN E X P E R IE N C ED C L E R IC A L W O R K E R ;

90

259

101

-

_
2
3
15
10
14
15
20
3
4
3
1

2
2
7
3
38
37
67
36
42
9
7
2
3
3
1

_
10
14
27
15
23
6
1
1
1
3
-

XXX

XXX

101

40

XXX

XXX

66

XXX

79

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

XXX

1

22

_
2
4
10
1
2
2
1
-

81

-•
7
9
21
14
18
6
1

1
1
3
-

158
2
2
7
3
28
23
40
21
19
3
6
1
2
1

23

105

_
1
3
5
8
2
1
1
1

1
-

2
7
24
14
19
13
18
2
3
2
1

XXX

61

XXX

XXX

25

XXX

41

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

'
1 L o w e s t s a l a r y r a te f o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d f o r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r typ in g o r o th e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 H ou rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s . D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r all w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




O c c u p a t io n a l W a ge S u r v e y , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r i l 1955
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

13

Table B-3: Frequency of W a g e Payment
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

F req u en cy o f paym ent

A ll w o r k e r s

_

_....

W e e k ly _______________________________________________
B i w e e k l y _____________________________________________
S e m im o n t h ly _
_ ____ _ ___ ...
M on th ly
_
_
. .. ___
O t h e r ______________________________ _____ __ _______

100

47
19
34
A

63
13
25

R etail trade

100

100

10
78
12

100

.. . .

M anufacturing

W holesale
trade

100

All
industries

58
39

86
7
7
A

Public
utilities *

-

-

3
-

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Services

All
industries

M anufacturing

100

100

100

100

9
19
72

54
9
37

87
10
3

95
4
A

Finan ce * *

-

-

P u blic
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

31
67
A

87
5
7

90

62

6

4
34

4

_

A

_

A
'

1
A
*
**

Includes data fo r rea l estate in addition to those industry d ivision s shown se p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 2 .5 p e rce n t.
T ra n sp ortation (exclu din g ra ilroa d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
F inance, in su ra n ce, and rea l estate.

Table B-4: Scheduled Weekly Hours
PERCENT OF OFFICE1WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
2
W e e k ly h o u r s

All
industries

Manufacturing

. _ ...........

100

100

U n der 35 h o u r s
_
_
___
35 h o u r s _
.
. . . .. .
.
......
O v e r 35 and u n d e r 36 V4 h o u r s
36V4 h o u r s
. _ _ ____ _
.
O v e r 3 6 7* and u n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s
3 7 V2 h o u r s
.... . _
____ _
.
O v e r 3 7 V?. and u n d e r 3 8 % h o u r s
383
/4 h o u r s _ _ _
____ _____
_____
O v e r 3 8 % and u n d e r 40 _
. _ ...... .
_ ......
.....
40 h o u r s
O v e r 40 and u n d e r 44 h o u r s __ ___
44 h o u r s __
_
_ _
__ ...............
O v e r 44 and u n d er 48 h o u r s
_
_ _ . ............. .
48 h ou r s ______________________ __ ________ ___ ___
O v e r 48 an d u n d e r 52 h o u r s _____ _ „
______
52 h o u r s an d o v e r __________________________________

A
3
A
3
3
15
A
8
A
62
A
A
A
A
_

'

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

'

A ll w o r k e r s

1
2
3
A
*
**

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

A
3
_
3
7
14
_
11
A
60
A

A
_
_
_
3
.
A
_
95
A

6
4
_
10
A
A
_
75
A

A
A
6
_
_
92
A

4
A
6
A
30
7
11
4
35

_

_

_

_

A
A

_

A

A

-

-

_

.

-

-

A

_

_

_

-

_

-

Public
utilities*

Finance**

_
-

Services

A
H
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

A
A
A
3
A
A
_
80
A
A
3
3
3
A

A

10
10
A
-

5
11
3
10
A
44
3
A

Public £
utilities v

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

_
_

-

-

6

-

3

-

-

-

A
3
_
3
64

-

4
A
81
A
A
A
A
4
A

3 100
-

A
A
_
79
4

-

-

_
73
3
6
5
14

_

_

-

-

12
3

-

-

-

4
-

15
A
4

Data rela te to w om en w ork ers only.
Includes data fo r re a l estate in addition to those industry division s shown sep a ra tely.
E stim ate d iffe rs substantially from that in p reviou s studies due to the e xclu sion o f taxicab com panies fro m the s cop e o f a reaw ide studies (see s cop e tab le, page 2, footnote 4).
L ess than 2 .5 p e rce n t.
T ra n sp ortation (exclu din g ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other p ublic u tilitie s.
O ccupational Wage Survey, C hicago, III., A p ril 1955
F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and rea l estate.
U .S . DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau of L abor S tatistics




14

Table B-5: Paid Holidays Provisions1
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Item

A ll w o rk e rs

-------------------------------------------------------------

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance **

Services

All ,
industries*

Public ^
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

100

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100
A
78
14
6
A
-

92
3
83
5
A
-

83
58
23
A
A
A

-

-

-

A

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
A
61
18
6
3
A
10

99
A
76
15
8
A
-

100
13
60
A
25
-

98
27
12
9
A
6
42

99
A
70
19
A
4
3

97
7
66
16
6
A
A
A

-

98
A
29
40
27
-

-

99
95
3
A
-

99
5
68
18
8
-

-

100
77
17
4
A
-

A

-

A

A

-

A

A

A

3

A

A

-

8

17

48
26
14

44
27
13

88
27
61

52
34
14

69
47
11

35
17
-

24
3
8

72
20
46

72
15
50

96
31
66

71
28
34

66
44
16

57
A
55

A
7
A

A
3

-

A
3
-

11
-

18
-

12
-

A
A
4

A
6

-

5
4
-

4
A
-

A
A
-

A

_

_

A

A

A

4

4

A

-

5

13

22

50

55

12

47

30

61

71

21

26

A

24

13

4

93
90
A

84
82
A

100
94
6

99
99

99
88

-

-

98
98
-

98
97
A

92
82
7

92
83
5

96
93
4

98
96
A

87
81
3

83
43
39

A
A

A

-

-

11
-

-

-

A
3

4

-

-

A
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

15

-

A

A

-

A

5

7

A

A

5

*

82
70
7

78
58
13

97
90
7

92
73
10

98
90
A

75
72
-

73
68
A

88
46
30

89
37
40

96
74
23

92
65
16

81
62
3

67
51
15

4
A
A

4
5

-

9
-

6
A

3
-

5
-

7
A

4

6
6

-

12
-

14
-

A
-

17

21

3

8

A

23

26

9

10

A

8

11

16

N u m ber of p a id h o lid a y s
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g p a id
h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------L e s s than G d a y s ------------------------------------------------6 days -------------------------------------------------------------------7 d a y s --------------------------------------------------- ----------------8 days -------------------------------------------------------------- ——
9 d a y s -------------------------- ---------------- ------------------------10 days --------------- ------------------------------------------------11 days ----------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no p a id
h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------- --------------

3

P r o v is io n s f o r h o lid a y s o c c u r r i n g
on n o n w o r k d a y s 4
W ith p r o v is io n s fo r h o lid a y s fa llin g on
S a t u r d a y ------------------------------------------------------------------A n oth er day o ff w ith p a y ----------------------------------E x tra d a y 's pay -------------------------------------------------O ption of a n oth er d a y o ff o r e x tr a
d a y 's p a y ---------------------------------------------------------P r o v i s io n s d iffe r f o r v a r io u s h o lid a y s --------O ther p r o v i s i o n s ------------------------------------------------S aturda y is a s c h e d u le d w o r k d a y f o r a ll
w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------No p r o v is io n s (o r no p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g on S aturday ---------------------------------------------W ith p r o v is io n s fo r h o lid a y s fa llin g on
Sunday --------------------------------------------------------------------A n o th e r day o ff w ith p a y ---------------------------------E x tra d a y ’ s pay -------------------------------------------------O ption of a n oth er day o ff o r e x tr a d a y ’ s
p a y ------------- -------- — ------------------------------------P r o v i s io n s d iffe r f o r v a r io u s h o lid a y s --------O ther p r o v i s i o n s ------------------------------------------------Sunday is a s c h e d u le d w o r k d a y f o r a ll
w o r k e r s ------------------------- ----------------------------------- ----No p r o v is io n s (o r no p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g on Sunday -------------------------------------------------W ith p r o v is io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g
d u rin g v a c a t i o n ------------------------------------------------------A n o th er day o ff w ith p a y ---------------------------------E x tra d a y 's p a y ------------------------------------------------O ption of an oth er d a y o ff o r e x tr a
d a y 's p a y -----------------------------------------------------------P r o v i s io n s d iffe r f o r v a r io u s h o lid a y s --------O th er p r o v is io n s ------------------------------------------- —
No p r o v is io n s (or no p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g d u rin g v a c a tio n -----------------------------------------

1

-

E s tim a te s in c lu d e o n ly f u ll - d a y h o lid a y s p r o v id e d a n n u a lly .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l e s ta te in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 E s tim a te d i f f e r s s u b s t a n t ia lly fr o m that in p r e v io u s s t u d ie s , due to the e x c lu s io n o f t a x ic a b c o m p a n ie s fr o m the s c o p e o f a r e a w id e stu d ie s (s e e s c o p e t a b le , p a g e 2 , f o o tn o te 4 ).
4 L im it e d to p r o v i s io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g a f o r m a l p o l i c y a p p ly in g w h en h o lid a y s o c c u r o n n o n w o r k d a y s ; s o m e o f the e s t im a t e s w o u ld b e s lig h t ly h ig h e r i f p r a c t i c e s d e t e r m in e d
in fo r m a lly as the s itu a tio n o c c u r s w e r e in c lu d e d .
A L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r i l 1955
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s




15

Table B-6:

Paid Vacations

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

V a c a tio n p o l i c y

A ll w o r k e r s

All
industries

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

M anufacturing

Public *
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

R etail trade

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

F in a n ce * *

Services

All
j
industries

M anufacturing

Public *
u tilities^

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

2 98
98

100

90

95

96
93

8

-

99
92
6
A
A

"

A

-

27
64
A
8

A
79
A
15
A
3

A
84
A
8

A
41
7

51
9

47

33

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

100

100

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

M ETHOD OF PA YM E N T
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g paid
v a c a t i o n s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t --------------------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------------------------F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t -----------------------------------------------------------------O th er --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no
p a id v a c a t io n s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

99
A

-

99
A
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

3

A

-

-

-

-

-

A

-

4

.
60
35
A

_
65
-

84
-

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w e e k ------------- ■
-----------------------------------------------1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------- ----------------

_
20

_

_

17

8

23
76
A

A

A

78
A
A

81

92
“

68
31
A

5
95
:

A

A

5

_
60
40
_

32

3

8

3
A

A fte r 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w e e k _____________ - ______ _____ - __ ___ ______
1 w e e k — ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -

_

_

_

_

_

_

A
A
95
A

A
_
92
_
6

A
_
99
_

3

A

-

A

A
94
A

-

-

-

98
A

100
_

84

3

-

-

-

-

3

A

12

4

A
_
73

21

A
6

23
-

77
"

_
13

30
6
61

84

A

3

6
51
-

-

-

A

_

3
5
6

-

3
35

A fte r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 w eek
------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

_
A
A
94
A
4

_

_

_

_

A ’
A
92
A
7

A
_

A
_
99
A

A
_
98
A

99
_

_
_
100
-

A

3
24

-

-

-

_

_

A

_

A

-

-

_

-

-

90
3

100

94

_

3

7

_

3

95
A
A

-

8
64
2
4

_
29

_

_

3

13

8

4

-

52

97
-

81
A

89

3

6

-

-

A
A

_

_

-

-

-

-

100

95

82

91

11

3

-

81

A

A fte r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ----------------4 w e e k s and o v e r --------------------------------------------------------------------

A

_

_

91
3
6

92
6
A

73
3
24

A
A
87

4
7
A

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .
O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il 195^
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
** F in a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and re a l esta te.
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is tic s




NOTE:

85

4

3

5

-

3

6

-

8

-

A

8

A
A

U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R

In the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n ts o t h e r than "le n g th o f t im e " ,
s u ch as p e r c e n t a g e o f ann ual W arnings o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f ann ual e a r n in g s w as c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .

16

Table B-6:
PERCEN T

V a ca tio n p o l i c y

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

A
72
5
21
A

73
3
19
5

A
19
3
75
3

13
A
81
5

A
17
A
72
3
8

12
78
A
9

O F O F F IC E

P u b lic
u tilit ie s

100

*

Paid Vacations - Continued
W ORKERS

W h o le s a le
trad e

EM PLOYED

R e ta il trad e

IN —

PERCEN T

F in a n ce * *

S e r v ic e s

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

OF

PLANT

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W ORKERS

EM PLOYED

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

IN —

R e ta il tra d e

S e r v ic e s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

59
11
29
-

A
54
A
40
5

A
72
4
21
A

A
70
4
24

_
96
4
"

_
87
3
8
A

4
64
8
23

3
89
3
A

_
49
A
45
5

A
17
3
77
A
A

A
12
A
83
A

”

_
25
71
3

_
A
21
71
5

_
30
A
67
A

4
17
78
“

3
82
10
A

A
13
79
8

_
20
68
4
9

47
A
47
5

A
16
A
72
3
6

A
11
A
80
A
5

A
57
21
19

27
A
67
3

4
16
69
11

3
78
14
A

A
13

>

>

15

44
A
47

A
16
A
59
A
21

A
11
A
68
A
17

A
48
49

4
16

3
78

100

100

100

_
87
3
7
3

A
70
4
26
-

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y - C o n tin u e d

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U nder 2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------- — ---------- ---------------— ----- - ----- - —— -----4 w e e k s and o v e r ----------------------------------------------------- -

_

_
99
A
-

_

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U nder 2 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------—
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------4 w e e k s and o v e r -------------------------------------------------------

_

_
9
18
72
"

26
A
71
3

A
13
86
-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U nder 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------- ----- ---------------- -------— —— ————
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------- --------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s and o v e r -------------------------------------------------------

_

_
9
72
18
A

_
26
A
65
8

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U nder 2 w eek s ______________________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O ve r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s and o v e r -------------------------------------------------------

A
16
A
55
A
28

_
12
-

67

_
9
-

60

_
23
A
52

-

-

-

21

30

23

_

13
-

74

-

55
4
26

1 In clu d es data f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
A p p r o x im a t e ly 2 p e r c e n t w e r e in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that d id n o t p r o v id e p a id v a c a t io n s u n til a ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
A L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




-

8

-

-

23
A
62
13

-

38
42

-

14
-

A

17
APPENDIX:

JOB D E S C R I P T I O N S

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u T w a g e s u r v e y s is to
s
a s s i s t its f i e l d s ta ff in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r
a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t
and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n t ia l in o r d e r to p e r m i t the g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e
r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t and
in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ili t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i ­
c a n tly f r o m th o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In
a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k ­
in g s u p e r v i s o r s , a p p r e n t i c e s , l e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , t r a i n e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s , p a r t - t i m e ,
t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O ff i c e
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r
than an o r d i n a r y o r e le c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s
a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
c id e n t a l to b i llin g o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a c h in e , a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) - U s e s a s p e c i a l b i llin g
m a c h in e (M o o n tio p k in s , iC lliott F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h
a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g and a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and
i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s 1 p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m , e t c . U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n
o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is c o u n ts an d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s a n d e n tr y o f
n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n ot b e c o m p u t e d on th e
b i l l i n g m a c h in e , a n d t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e d
b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f
c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d an d is o fte n d on e on a
f a n f o ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) - U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e (S u n d s tr a n d , E llio t t F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h
m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s 1
b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o l v e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n t r y o f f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s 1 le d g e r
record .
T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s f i g u r e s on a
n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s an d c o m p u te s an d u s u a lly p r in t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m an d s t a n d a r d ty p e s o f
s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l lio t t
F i s h e r , S u n d s tr a n d , B u r r o u g h s , N a tio n a l C a sh R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w it h ­
ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .




OPERATOR -

C on tin u ed

C la s s A - K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f
an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s an d f a m ilia r i t y w ith
th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e te r­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s an d d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s
to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k . M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d
r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , an d o t h e r r e c o r d s b y h an d.
C la s s B - K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s
o f a s e t oF r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir i n g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic
b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s * a c c o u n t s (n ot in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d e r b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n ,
in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r ia l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n tin g d e p a r tm e n t.
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A - U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t ­
a n t, iia s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r k e e p in g on e o r m o r e s e c t io n s o f a c o m ­
p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to on e p h a s e o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t s b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . W o r k in v o l v e s p o s tin g and b a la n c in g
s u b s id i a r y l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h as a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c ­
c o u n ts p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g an d c o d in g in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n ; r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t an d e x p e r ie n c e
in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a t io n s and a l l o c a t i o n s .
M a y a s s i s t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju s t in g , an d c l o s i n g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; m a y d i r e c t c la s s
B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C la s s B - U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s s u c h a s p o s t in g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; p o s t in g s u b s id i a r y le d g e r s c o n t r o ll e d
by g e n e ra l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w le d g e o f
a c c o u n t in g and b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t is fou n d in o f f i c e s in
w h ic h th e m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g w o r k is s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c ­
t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

1 8

C LE R K ,

F IL E

C lass A - R e s p o n s ib le fo r m ain tain in g an e sta b lish e d filin g
sy s te m . C la s s ifie s and in d ex es c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r oth er m a te r ia l;
m ay a ls o file this m a t e r ia l. M ay keep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s typ es
in con ju n ction with file s o r s u p e r v is e o th e rs in filin g and lo ca tin g
m a te r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s.
C lass B - P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g , u su a lly o f m a t e r ia l that
has a lre a d y been c la s s ifi e d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s is t s in lo ca tin g m a t e ­
r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s.
C LE R K ,

U nder g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b il it i e s , r e c o r d s a ccou n tin g and s ta tis tic a l data on tabu latin g c a r d s
b y punching a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d se q u e n c e ,
u sin g an a lp h a b e tica l o r a n u m e rica l k e y -p u n ch m a c h in e , fo llo w in g
w ritte n in fo r m a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s by u sin g the
d u p lica tin g d e v ic e attached to m a ch in e .
K eep s file s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r if y own w ork or w o rk o f o th e rs .

O F F IC E BOY OR GIRL

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any c o m b in a tio n of the
fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r sh eet
listin g the item s to m ak e up the o r d e r ; ch e ck in g p r ic e s and qu antities
o f item s on o r d e r sh eet; d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a r t­
m ents to be fille d .
M ay c h e c k with c r e d it d ep a rtm en t to d e te rm in e
c r e d it rating o f c u s to m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s ­
to m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they have b e e n fille d , keep file
of o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s with o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
C LE R K ,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R

PAYROLL

C om putes w ages o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts . Duties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r 's
earnings based on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p o stin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y ro ll sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n su ch as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w o r k ­
ing days, tim e , r a te , d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n c e , and tota l w a g es due.
M ay m ake out pay ch e ck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m ak in g up and d i s ­
tributing pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a ca lcu la tin g m a ch in e .
COM PTO M ETER O PE RA TO R
P r im a r y duty is to o p e ra te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e ­
m a tica l com p u ta tion s.
T his jo b is not to b e co n fu se d w ith that o f
sta tistica l or oth er type o f c le r k , w hich m a y in v o lv e fre q u e n t u se o f
a C om p tom eter but, in w h ich , u se o f this m a ch in e is in cid e n ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth er d u tie s.
D U P LIC A TIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H OR D IT T O )
Under g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit ie s , re p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p ew ritten o r h andw ritin g
m a tte r, usin g a m im e o g r a p h o r d itto m a c h in e .
M akes n e c e s s a r y
a dju stm ent such as fo r ink and p a p e r fe e d co u n te r and c y lin d e r sp e e d .
Is not re q u ire d to p r e p a r e s te n c il or ditto m a s t e r . M ay keep file o f
u sed ste n cils o r ditto m a s t e r s .
M ay s o r t , c o lla t e , and sta p le c o m ­
p leted m a te r ia l.




P e r fo r m s v a rio u s rou tin e d u ties su ch as running e r r a n d s ,
o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ch in es such as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , op en in g
and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SECRETARY
P e r fo r m s s e c r e ta r ia l and c l e r i c a l d u ties f o r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in istr a tiv e o r e x ecu tiv e p o s itio n . D u ties in clu d e m ak in g a p p o in t­
m en ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p e o p le c o m in g in to o ff ic e ; a n sw e rin g
and m ak in g phone c a lls ; handling p e r s o n a l and im p orta n t o r c o n f i ­
d en tia l m a il, and w riting rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on own in itia tiv e ;
taking d icta tio n (w here tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is not u se d ) e ith e r in
sh orth an d o r b y sten otype o r s im ila r m a ch in e , and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic t a ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo rm a tio n r e p r o d u c e d on a t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r ts o r m em ora n d a fo r in fo r m a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

STEN O GRAPH ER,

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in shorth an d o r by sten otype o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v olv in g a
n o r m a l rou tin e v o ca b u la ry , and to t r a n s c r ib e this d icta tio n on a ty p e ­
w r it e r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay a ls o se t up and keep
f ile s in o r d e r , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , e tc .
D oes not in clu d e tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk (se e t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ).

STENO GRAPH ER,

TECH N ICAL

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in shorthand o r b y sten otype o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as in le g a l b r ie f s o r
r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h and to tr a n s c r ib e this d icta tio n on a
ty p e w r ite r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y .
M ay a ls o set up and
keep file s in o r d e r , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes not in clu d e
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk .

19

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

G E N E R A L - Continued

O p era tes a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n telep h on e s w itch b o a rd .
D uties in v o lv e h andlin g in co m in g , ou tgoin g, and in traplant o r o ffic e
c a ll s .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay give in f o r ­
m a tion to p e r s o n s w ho c a ll in, o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s who a ls o a ct as r e c e p tio n is ts se e sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

type fr o m w ritten c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk . W o rk ers tra n ­
s c r ib in g d icta tion in v olvin g a v a r ie d te ch n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u ­
la r y su ch as le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not
in clu d e d . A w o r k e r who takes d icta tion in shorthand or by sten otype
o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s ifie d as a s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e ra l.
T Y P IS T

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In a d d ition to p e r fo r m in g duties of o p e r a to r , on a sin g le p o s i ­
tion o r m o n it o r -t y p e sw itch b o a rd , a cts as r e c e p tio n is t and m a y a ls o
type o r p e r fo r m ro u tin e c le r i c a l w o rk as p a r t of r e g u la r d u tie s. T his
typing o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y take the m a jo r p a rt of this w o r k e r ls tim e
w h ile at s w itc h b o a r d .

U ses a ty p e w rite r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a riou s m a te r ia l or to
m ak e out b ills a fte r ca lcu la tio n s have been m ade by an oth er p e r s o n ,
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in volv in g little s p e c ia l train in g, such as k e e p ­
ing sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts o r sortin g and d is t r ib ­
uting in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A - P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e of the fo llo w in g : Typing
m a te r ia l in fin a l fo r m fr o m v e r y rough and in v olved d raft; c o p y ­
ing fr o m p la in o r c o r r e c t e d c o p y in w h ich th ere is a frequ en t and
v a r ie d u se o f te ch n ica l and unusual w ord s o r fr o m fo r e ig n - la n ­
guage co p y ; com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s , o r p la n ­
ning la y ou t o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b les to m aintain u n ifo rm ity
and b a la n ce in sp a cin g ; typing tab les fr o m rough d raft in fin a l
fo rm .
M ay type rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ryin g details to suit
c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

TABU L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes m a ch in e that a u to m a tica lly a n a ly z e s and tra n sla te s
in fo rm a tio n punched in grou ps o f tabulating c a r d s and p rin ts t r a n s ­
la ted data on fo r m s o r a ccou n tin g r e c o r d s ; se ts o r a d ju sts m a ch in e ;
d oes s im p le w ir in g o f p lu g b o a rd s a c c o r d in g to e sta b lish e d p r a c t ic e o r
d ia g r a m s ; p la c e s c a r d s to be tabulated in fe e d m a g a z in e and sta rts
m a ch in e . M ay file c a r d s a fte r they a re tabu lated. M ay, in a d d ition ,
o p e ra te a u x ilia r y m a c h in e s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

rou tin e

P r im a r y duty is
v o c a b u la r y fr o m

to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tion in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o

Professional

DRAFTSM AN ,

JUNIOR

(A s s is ta n t d ra ftsm a n )

D raw s to s c a le units o r p a rts o f draw ings p r e p a r e d b y d r a ft s ­
m an o r o th e r s fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g p u r ­
p oses.
U se s v a r io u s types o f d ra ftin g to o ls as r e q u ir e d . M ay p r e ­
p a r e d ra w in g s fr o m s im p le plans o r s k e tch e s, o r p e r fo r m oth er duties
u nder d ir e c t io n o f a d ra ftsm a n .




C la ss B - P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; Typing
fr o m r e la t iv e ly c le a r or typed d ra fts; routine typing of fo r m s ,
in su ra n ce p o li c ie s , e tc '.; settin g up sim p le standard tabu lation s, or
co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x tab les a lre a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

GENERAL

and

Technical

DRAFTSM AN,

LEADER

P la n s and d ir e c t s a c tiv itie s o f one or m o r e d ra ftsm en in p r e p ­
a ra tio n o f w ork in g plan s and d etail d raw in gs fr o m rou gh o r p r e lim in a r y
sk e tch e s fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m an u factu rin g p u r p o s e s .
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion of the fo llo w in g ;
In terp retin g b lu e ­
p r in ts , s k e tc h e s , and w ritten o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d eterm in in g w o rk p r o ­
c e d u r e s ; a ssig n in g duties to su b ord in a tes and in sp ectin g th eir w ork;
p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt p r o b le m s . M ay a s s is t su bord in ates during
e m e r g e n c ie s o r as a re g u la r a s sig n m e n t, o r p e r fo r m re la te d duties
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in istra tiv e n atu re.

2 0

D R A FT SM A N , SENIOR

NURSE,

P r e p a r e s w ork in g plan s and d e ta il d ra w in g s fr o m n o te s,
rough or d e ta iled sk etch e s fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m an u ­
fa ctu rin g p u r p o s e s .
D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
P re p a rin g w ork in g p la n s, d e ta il d ra w in g s, m a p s, c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c .,
to sca le by use of d raftin g in stru m e n ts ; m aking e n g in e e rin g co m p u ta ­
tion s such as th ose in v o lv e d in stren gth o f m a t e r ia ls , b e a m s , and
t r u s s e s ; v e rify in g co m p le te d w ork , ch e ck in g d im e n s io n s , m a t e r ia ls to
be u sed , and q u an tities; w ritin g s p e c ific a tio n s ; m akin g a d ju stm en ts o r
ch anges in d raw in g s o r s p e c ific a tio n s .
M ay ink in lin e s and le t te r s
on p e n cil d ra w in g s, p r e p a r e d eta il units o f c o m p le te d ra w in g s, o r
tr a c e d ra w in g s.
W ork is fre q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld such as
a r c h ite ctu ra l, e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ic a l, o r s tr u ctu ra l d ra ftin g .

the p r e m is e s o f a fa c to r y o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e <
1
co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g ; Giving f i r s t aid to the ill o r in ju re d ;
attending to subsequent d r e s s in g of e m p lo y e e 's in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s
o f p a tien ts tre a te d ; p re p a rin g a ccid e n t r e p o r ts fo r co m p e n s a tio n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; conducting p h y s ica l e x a m in a tion s and h ealth eva lu a tion s
o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s
in v olv in g health edu cation , a ccid e n t p r e v e n tio n , eva lu a tion of plant
e n v iro n m e n t, o r other a c tiv itie s a ffe ctin g the h ealth , w e lfa r e , and
safety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

NURSE,

C o p ie s plans and d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e r s , by p la cin g
tr a c in g clo th o r p a p er o v e r draw ing and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
U se s T -s q u a r e , co m p a s s , and oth er d ra ftin g t o o l s .
M ay p r e p a r e
sim p le d ra w in g s and do sim p le le t te r in g .

IN DUSTRIAL (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e to ill o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s who b e c o m e ill o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on

Maintenance

CARPENTER,

M A IN TEN AN CE

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and
m aintain in good re p a ir b u ildin g w o o d w o rk and equ ip m en t su ch as bins ,
c r ib s , c o u n te rs , b e n ch e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and trim m ade o f w ood in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f
the follow in g : Planning and la yin g out o f w o r k fr o m blueprints^ d r a w ­
ings , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r ls
h a n d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan d ard m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts;
m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to d im e n sio n s o f w ork ;
s e le c tin g m a te ria ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f
the m aintenan ce c a rp e n te r r e q u ir e s rou nded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tr a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e .
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN TEN AN CE

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ctio n s su ch as the
in sta lla tion , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm en t f o r the g e n e r a tin g ,
d istrib u tion , or u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e sta b lish m e n t.
W ork in v olv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a
v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t su ch as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s ,
s w itch b o a rd s, c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eatin g u n its,




IN DUSTRIAL (R E G ISTE R E D ) - C ontinued

TRACER

nd

Powerplant

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A INTEN AN CE - C ontinued

con d u it s y s te m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , d r a w in g s, la you t, o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo ca tin g and d ia g ­
n o sin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l sy s te m o r equ ip m en t; w o rk in g stan d ard
com p u ta tion s rela tin g to loa d re q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l
equ ipm en t; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n fs h a n d tools and m e a s u r in g
and te stin g in stru m e n ts.
In g e n e ra l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou nded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice sh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN EE R , ST A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m aintain s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n
o f sta tio n a ry engines and equipm ent (m e ch a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to su p ­
p ly the e sta b lish m e n t in w h ich e m p loyed w ith p o w e r , h ea t, r e f r i g e r a ­
tio n , o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g . W ork in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m ain tain in g
equ ipm en t su ch as steam en g in e s, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu r b in e s , ven tilatin g and r e fr ig e r a tin g eq u ip m en t, stea m b o ile r s
and b o il e r - f e d w ater p u m ps; m aking equ ip m en t r e p a ir s ; k eep in g a
r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n o f m a c h in e ry , te m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p ­
tio n . M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs
in e sta b lish m e n ts em p loyin g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a r e e x clu d e d .

21

F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F ir e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rb ish the esta b lish m e n t in w hich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r ste a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to fi r e b y hand
o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s, o r o il b u rn e r; ch e c k s w ater
and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m eq u ip m en t.
H ELPER,

TRADES,

M AIN TEN AN CE

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten a n ce
tr a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e ra l d u ties o f le s s e r s k ill, su ch
as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied with m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ; cle a n in g w o r k ­
ing a r e a , m a c h in e , and equipm ent; a s s is tin g w o r k e r b y h old in g m a ­
t e r ia ls o r t o o ls ; p e r fo r m in g oth er u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r ­
n eym an . The kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s
fr o m tra d e to tra d e ;
In so m e tra d e s the h e lp e r is co n fin e d to su p ­
p ly in g , liftin g , and h old in g m a te r ia ls and to o ls and clea n in g w ork in g
a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a trade that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s
on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOO LROO M

S p e c ia liz e s in the op e ra tio n o f one o r m o r e types o f m a ch in e
t o o ls , su ch as jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l or s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , engine
la th e s , o r m illin g m a ch in e s in the co n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls ,
g a u g e s, j i g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g :
P lan n in g and p e r fo r m in g d ifficu lt m ach in ing o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g
ite m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m en ts; s e le c tin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g and o p e ra tio n seq u en ce; m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts
du rin g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite to le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M ay
b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls need d r e s s in g , to d r e s s to o ls ,
and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o il s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l­
r o o m in to o l and d ie jo b b in g shops a r e ex clu d ed fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .
M ACH IN IST,

M A IN TEN AN CE

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s
o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent op e ra te d in an e sta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in s t r u c ­
tion s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and laying out o f w ork ; u sin g a v a ­
r ie t y o f m a c h in i s t s h a ndtools ‘and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts;
settin g up and o p e ra tin g standard m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping of m eta l
p a rts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m aking standard shop com p u ta tion s r e la t ­
ing to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s and sp e e d s o f m a ch in in g ;
k n ow led g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f the co m m o n m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
stan d ard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r his w o rk ; f i t ­
ting and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e ch a n ica l eq u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t ’ s w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e shop p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice sh ip o r
equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .



M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN TE N A N C E)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and tr a c t o r s o f
an e sta b lish m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the follow in g :
E xam ining
a u to m o tiv e equ ipm en t to d ia g n ose s o u r c e of trou b le; d isa sse m b lin g
equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v olv e the u se of su ch handto o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s, d r il ls , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is ­
a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; r e p la cin g b ro k e n or d e fe ctiv e p a rts fr o m
sto c k ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the
v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts;
a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b ra k es and lig h ts, or tightening bod y b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k of the a u tom otive m ech a n ic re q u ire s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
ship o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN TEN AN CE

R e p a ir s m a ch in e ry o r m e ch a n ica l equipm ent of an e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining m ach in es
and m e c h a n ic a l eq u ipm en t to d ia g n ose s o u r c e of trou b le; dism an tlin g
o r p a r tly d ism a n tlin g m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g re p a irs that m ain ly
in v o lv e the u se of h andtools in sc r a p in g and fitting p a rts; re p la cin g
b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts with item s obtain ed fr o m stock ; o rd e rin g the
p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a m ach in e shop or sending of
the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p rep a rin g w ritten
s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p rod u ction of parts o r d e r e d
fr o m m a ch in e shop; re a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y
a d ju stm en ts fo r o p e ra tio n .
In g e n e ra l, the w ork of a m aintenan ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou nded train in g and e x p e rie n ce u su ally a cq u ire d
th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice sh ip o r equ ivalen t trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d e d fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties
in v o lv e se ttin g up o r ad ju stin g m a ch in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
In sta lls new m a ch in es or h eavy equipm ent and d ism an tles and
in sta lls m a ch in e s o r h ea v y equ ipm en t when ch anges in the plant la y ­
out a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
la y in g out o f the w ork ; in te rp re tin g b lu ep rin ts or oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y of h an d tools and rig g in g ; m aking standard shop c o m ­
putations r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and ce n te rs of
g ra v ity ; a lin in g and ba la n cin g o f equ ipm en t; se le ctin g standard t o o ls ,
equ ipm en t and p a rts to be u sed ; in sta llin g and m aintaining in good
o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent su ch as d riv e s and sp eed r e ­
d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t ’ s w o rk n o rm a lly re q u ire s a rou n d ­
ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l
a p p r e n tic e sh ip o r equ ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O ILE R
L u b r ic a te s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m ovin g p arts or w earin g
s u r fa c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t o f an esta b lish m en t.

2 2

P A IN T E R ,

M A IN TEN AN CE

S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER,

Paints and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an
establishm ent,,
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g :
K now ledge o f s u r fa c e
p e c u lia r itie s and types o l paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s;
p re p a rin g su rfa ce fo r painting by re m o v in g o ld fin ish o r b y p la cin g
putty o r fi lle r in n ail h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; ap p lyin g paint w ith sp ra y
gun o r b ru sh .
M ay m ix c o l o r s , o il s , w hite le a d , and oth er paint
in g red ien ts to obtain p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w ork of the m ain ten an ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n ce u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e sh ip o r equ ivalen t
trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN TEN AN CE

Installs o r r e p a ir s w a te r , s te a m , g a s , o r oth er typ es o f pipe
and p ip efittin gs in an e sta b lish m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w ­
ing: Laying out o f w o rk and m e a s u r in g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f p ip e fr o m
draw ings or oth er w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ; cu tting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe
to c o r r e c t lengths with c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h or
p ip e -cu ttin g m a ch in e; th rea d in g p ip e with sto ck s and d ie s ; ben din g pipe
by h a n d -d riv en or p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g pip e with c o u ­
plings and fasten in g p ip e to h a n g e rs; m akin g sta n d a rd shop co m p u ta ­
tions relatin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; m aking
standard tests to d ete rm in e w h eth er fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c if ic a ­
tion s.
In g e n e ra l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s
rounded trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip or equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W ork ers p r i­
m a r ily engaged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tion o r h e a t­
ing sy stem s a r e ex clu d e d .
PLU M BER,

M AIN TEN AN CE

K eeps the plu m bin g s y s te m o f an e sta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W ork in v o lv e s: K now ledge of sa n ita ry c o d e s r e g a rd in g in sta lla tio n o f
vents and traps in plu m bing s y s te m ; in sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip e s and
fix tu re s ; opening c lo g g e d d ra in s with a p lu n g er o r p lu m b e r ^ sn ake.
In g e n e ra l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s rounded
training and e x p e rie n ce u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e ­
ship or equivalent train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

Custodial

and

F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m ain tain s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e tm e ta l eq u ipm en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p a n s,
s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to r s , ch u te s, d u c ts , m e ta l r o o fin g )
of an e sta b lish m e n t. W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g
and laying out a ll types o f s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten a n ce w o r k fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , m o d e ls , or oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le typ es of s h e e t-m e ta l-w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
h andtools in cu tting, bending, fo r m in g , sh ap in g, fittin g , and a s s e m ­
b lin g; in sta llin g sh e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t r a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice sh ip
o r equ ivalen t trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AND DIE M AKER
(D ie m a k e r;

jig m a k e r;

to o lm a k e r; fix tu r e m a k e r ; gauge m a k e r)

C o n stru cts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s, j i g s , f i x ­
tu res o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , punching and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and la y in g out o f w o rk
fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts, d ra w in g s, o r oth er o r a l and w ritte n s p e c i f i ­
ca tio n s; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f to o l and die m a k e r *s h an d tools and p r e c is i o n
m e a su rin g in stru m en ts; u nderstanding o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; setting up and o p e ra tin g o f m a ch in e to o ls
and re la te d equipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g
to d im e n sio n s o f w ork , s p e e d s, fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a ttrea tin g o f m e ta l parts du rin g fa b r ic a tio n as w e ll as o f fin is h e d to o ls
and d ies to a ch ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s; w ork in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g of p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ;
s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e ra l,
the to o l and die m a k er fs w o rk r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g in m a c h in e shop and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n ­
tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , to o l and d ie m a k e rs
in to o l and die job b in g shops a re e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

Material

GUARD

M A IN TEN AN CE

Movement

JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR C LE A N E R

(S w eeper; ch a rw om a n ; ja n it r e s s )
P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t or on
to u r, m aintaining o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
Inclu d es gatem en who a r e sta tion ed at gate and c h e c k on id e n t i t y ~ f
e m p lo y ees and oth er p e r s o n s en terin g 7



C lean s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w ork in g a r e a s
and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m ­
m e r c ia l o r o th e r e sta b lish m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the

23

JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

- Continued

SHIPPING AND R EC EIV IN G C L E R K - Continued

fo llo w in g : S w eep in g , m o p p in g o r s cru b b in g , and p o lish in g f l o o r s ; r e ­
m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and oth er r e fu s e ; dusting equ ip m en t, fu rn itu re ,
o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r trim m in g s; p ro v id in g su p p lies
and m in o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v ic e s ; clea n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and
r e s t r o o m s . W o rk e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in window w ashing a r e e x clu d e d .
LABORER,

M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ire ctin g oth ers in v e rify in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in st b ills o f lad in g, in v o ic e s , o r oth er
r e c o r d s ; ch e ck in g fo r s h o rta g e s and r e je c t in g dam aged good s; routing
m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; m aintaining n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

M A T E R IA L HANDLING
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h andler and s ta ck e r;
sto ck m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a reh ou sem a n o r

s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ;
w a re h o u se h e lp e r )

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t,
s t o r e , o r oth e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f
the fo llo w in g : L oad in g and u nloading v a rio u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n ­
d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r other tra n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ;
u n p ack in g , sh e lv in g , o r p la c in g m a te r ia ls or m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
s to r a g e lo c a t io n ; tr a n s p o r tin g m a te r ia ls or m e rch a n d ise by hand tru ck ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who load and unload sh ips a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O R D E R F IL L E R
(O rd e r p ic k e r ; s to c k s e le c t o r ; w areh ou se stock m a n )
F ills sh ip p in g o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed good s fr o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip , c u s to m e r
o r d e r s , o r oth er in s tr u c tio n s . M ay, in addition to fillin g o r d e r s and
in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r om itte d , keep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s ,
r e q u is itio n a d d ition a l s to c k , o r r e p o r t sh ort su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r ,
and p e r fo r m oth e r r e la te d d u ties.
PACKER,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru ck w ithin a c it y o r in d u stria l a rea to tra n sp o rt
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ip m en t, o r m en b etw een v a riou s types of
e sta b lish m e n ts su ch a s: M an u factu rin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t d ep ots, w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e ta il esta b lish m en ts or betw een re ta il e s ta b ­
lish m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s 1 h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
loa d o r u nload tr u c k with o r without h e lp e r s , m ak e m in o r m e ch a n ica l
r e p a ir s , and k eep tru ck in g ood w ork in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r -t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x clu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by siz e
and type o f eq u ip m en t, as fo llo w s : (T r a c t o r - t r a il e r should be rated on
the b a s is o f t r a ile r c a p a c it y ).
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

SH IPPIN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u cts fo r shipm ent o r s to r a g e b y p la cin g
th em in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p era tion s p e r fo r m e d b ein g
d ependen t u pon the ty p e , s iz e , and num ber of units to be p a ck e d , the
type o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m ethod of sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the p la cin g o f ite m s in shipping co n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f v a rio u s item s o f s to c k in o r d e r
to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p ria te type and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r;
in se rtin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a t e r ia l to
p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and sea lin g c o n ta in e r; ap p lyin g
la b e ls o r e n terin g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s who a ls o
m a k e w ood en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a re e x clu d e d .
SHIPPING A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t, or r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
sp o n s ib le f o r in co m in g sh ip m en ts o f m e rch a n d ise o r oth er m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o r k in v o lv e s : A kn ow ledge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t ic e s ] r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m ean s of tra n sp orta tion and r a te s ; and p r e ­
p a rin g r e c o r d s of the g o o d s sh ip p ed , m aking up b ills o f la d in g , p o s t ­
ing w eight and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and keepin g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .



w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s ;

TRUCKER,

light (under 1V2 to n s )
m e d iu m (IV2 to and in clu d in g 4 tons)
h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s, t r a ile r type)
h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s, oth er than tr a ile r ty p e )

POW ER

O p era tes a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d
tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t good s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about
a w a re h o u se , m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t, o r oth er esta b lish m en t.

tr u c k ,

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,
as fo llo w s :

w orkers

a r e c la s s ifie d by type of

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo rk lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (oth er than fo r k lift)

W A TC H M A N
M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te ctin g p r o p e rty
a g a in st f i r e , theft* and ille g a l e n try .
☆

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1955 O —

348 398


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102