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Occupational Wage Survey

CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA
APRIL 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-58




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretory
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA




APRIL 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-58
June 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _____________________________




1.
2.

A:

Establishments and workers within scope of s u r v e y _______________
Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straighttime hourly earnings for selected occupational groups --------------Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations______________________________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations ______________________
A - 3. Maintenance and powerplant occupations ____________________
A -4 , Custodial and material movement occupations______________

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions _______________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these and other item s,
including data on establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions, are available in the Charlotte
area report for April I960.
A directory indicating date
of study and the price of this report, as well as the r e ­
ports for other major areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and
supplementary wage practices in the Milwaukee area are
also available for the cotton textiles (August I960) and
synthetic textiles (August I960).
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are also available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating
em ployees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

m

2
2

vO

This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional
office in Atlanta, Ga. , by Donald C ruse, under the direction
of Louis B. Woytych, Assistant Regional Director for
Wages and Industrial Relations.

Tables:

sO

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year's surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.

3

7
9




Occupational W age Survey—Charlotte, N.C.
introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for occu­
pations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, 1 communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; re­
tail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to war­
rant inclusion. Wherever possible, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying ail establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re ­
lating to ail establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions. ) Earnings data are
presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types' of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average pay
when both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

Occupations .and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
1 Railroads, form erly excluded from the scope of these studies,
were included in all of the areas studied since July 1959, except Balti­
more (September 1959 and December I960), Buffalo (October 1959),
Cleveland (September 1959), and Seattle (August 1959).




Occupational employment estimates represent the total in ail
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied in C h a r lo tte , N . C . , 1 by m a jo r in d u str y d iv is io n , 2 A p r il 1961
N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n ts
In d u stry d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts

W ith in sc o p e
of stu d y 3

Studied

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

285

107

4 6 .6 0 0

2 8 ,4 4 0

M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er
p u b lic u tilit ie s 4 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le tra d e 5 ______________________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e 5 ___________________________________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te 5 ____________________________
S e r v i c e s 5* 6 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

107
178

45
62

21, 300
25, 300

13 , 570
1 4 ,8 7 0

30
53
44
28
23

17
11
15
9
10

A l l d iv is io n s

W ithin sc o p e
o f study

8,
4,
7,
3,
2,

000
700
30 0
30 0
00 0

Studied

6,
1,
4,
1,

390
28 0
680
580
940

1 The C h a r lo tte S tan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S ta t is t ic a l A r e a (M e c k le n b u r g C o u n ty ).
T h e "w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e o f s t u d y " e s t im a t e s show n in th is
ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
The e s t im a t e s a r e not in te n d ed ,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) plann in g o f w age
s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e of e s t a b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d van ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d
f r o m the sc o p e of the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 19 57 r e v is e d ed itio n of the S tan d ard In d u str ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M an u al w as u s e d in c la s s if y in g e s t a b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
M a jo r
c h a n g e s f r o m the e a r l i e r ed itio n (u se d in the B u r e a u ’ s la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s con d u cted p r io r to J uly 1958) a r e the t r a n s f e r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a t io n
p lan ts and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b lis h m e n ts f r o m tra d e ( w h o le s a le or r e ta il) to m a n u fa c tu r in g , and the t r a n s f e r o f ra d io and t e le v is io n b r o a d c a s tin g
f r o m s e r v i c e s to the tr a n s p o r ta t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p ub lic u tilit ie s d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d es a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ove the m i n i m u m -s i z e lim ita t io n (5 0 e m p l o y e e s ) .
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f
c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e t h e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t.
4 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
5 T h is in d u str y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " and "n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b l e s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data fo r th is d iv is io n i s not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e en ough data
to m e r it s e p a r a t e stu d y , (2) the s a m p le w as not d e sig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n ,
(3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in ad eq u ate to
p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a tio n , (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e of in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d ata.
6 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h it e c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2. P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r i e s and
s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c cu p a tio n a l
g r o u p s in C h a r lo tte , N. C. , A p r il I 9 6 0 to A p r i l 1961
O c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ---------------------S k illed m a in te n a n c e ( m e n ) ---------------U n sk ille d p lan t (m e n ) -------------------------

A l l in d u s tr ie s
3. 2
4. 0
2. 8

M an uf a c tu r ing
3. 1
2 .9
2. 8

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in sa la ries of
women office clerica l workers and industrial n u rses, and in average
earnings of selected plant worker groups.

F o r office clerica l workers and industrial n u rses, the p e r ­
cents of change relate to average weekly sa la ries for norm al hours
of work, that is , the standard work schedule fo r which straigh t-tim e
sa la ries are paid.
F o r plant worker groups, they m easure changes
in straigh t-tim e hourly earnings, excluding prem ium pay for o v e r ­
tim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The p e r ­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
m ost of the num erically important jobs within each group.
The o f­
fice clerica l data are based on women in the following 18 job s: B ille r s ,
machine (billing m achine); bookkeeping-machine op erators, class A
and B; Comptometer operators; clerk s, file, class A and B; clerk s,
order; clerk s, payroll; keypunch operators; office g ir ls ; se c re ta rie s;
stenographers, general; switchboard operators; switchboard o p eratorreceptionists; tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-m achine op­
era to rs, general; and typists, cla ss A and B.
The industrial nurse
data are based on women industrial n u rses.
Men in the following
10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electrician s; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m echanics, automotive; m illw rights; painters; pipefitters;
sh eet-m etal w orkers; and tool and die m a k ers; unskilled— jan itors,
p o rte rs, and clean ers; la b o rers, m aterial handling; and watchmen.

A verage weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations.
The average s a l ­
aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average em ploy­
ment in the job during the months indicated in the title of table 2.




These weighted earnings fo r individual occupations were then totaled
to obtain an aggregate for each occupational group. Fin ally, the ratio
of these group aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the
other year was computed and the difference between the result and
100 is the percent of change from the one period to the other.

The percent of change m e a su res, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the sam e job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sion s, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishm ents with different pay le v e ls. Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. F o r exam ple, a |orce expansion
might increase the proportion of low er paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of low er paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The m ovem ent of a high-paying establishm ent out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishm ents.
The use of constant employment weights elim inates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in prem ium pay for overtim e,
since they are based on pay for straigh t-tim e hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to I960 fo r workers in 20 m ajor
labor m arkets will appear in BLS B ull. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , Wages and Related
B enefits, 60 Labor M arkets, Winter 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .

4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charlotte, N. C . , A p ril 1961)
Avekaue
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

Number
of
workers

and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

■W
eekly,
hours
(Standard)

Weekly,
earnings
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
3 5 . 00
and
under
4 0 . 00

8
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
60 . 00

S
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

$
9 0 . 00

$
$
$
$
$
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0

4 5 . 00

5 0 . 00 _ 5 5 . 00 _ 6 0 , 0 0 _ _ 6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0.00

_9 5 . 00

1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0

3
3
3

6
6
4

7
6
3

2
2
2

2
2
2

4
3
3

4
4
4

5 0 . 00

$
5 5 . 00

and
1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 - 0 0 1 2 0 . 00

M en
C le r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ________________________________

64
59
30

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

$ 1 0 4 . 00
1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 0 . 00

92
80
25

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

85
74

-

-

-

-

-

"

9 5 . 00
9 9 . 00
8 4 . 50

-

_
-

_
-

-

4 0 .0
40. 0

75. 00
7 4 . 50

_

25

40. 0

8 9 . 50

O ffic e b o y s
...
.. .
. ..
' N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ________________________________________

39
31
16

3 9 .0
39. 0
3 8 .5

5 7 . 50
5 8 . 50
6 5 . 50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

30
26

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

25

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

_____

-

2
2
1

-

!

4
4

-

7
4

~

-

3
2
2

8
6

13
13
5

3
3
3

3
1
2

6
5
3

6
6
3

11
11

-

-

7
7
2

22
20

3
3

3
3

11
11

4
3

_

2

1

i

1
1
1

10
3
2

3
1
1

'

-

1
1
1

-

16
16

4
4

_

_

-

_

_

_

1
1

3
3

7
6

-

-

109.00
110.00

_

_

-

-

8 0 . 50
7 8 . 50

_

-

21

3 9 .5
40. 0

17

3 9 .5

7 2 . 50

_

57
42

3 9 .5
39. 0

5 8 . 50
5 6 .5 0

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

42
15
27

40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0

6 8 . 00
7 1 .0 0
6 6 . 50

_
-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _

1 73
id
155

40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 6 . 50
6 1 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

C le r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_ _
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
__
_ _

139
19

120
21

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

6 9 .5 0
7 6 . 00
6 8 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

-

-

-

"

-

3

459
61
398

3 8 .5
39. 0
3 8 .5

6 4 .0 0
6 3 . 00
6 4 . 00

4
4

15
15

51

70

69

68

1

6

12

50

64

57

24
44

30
28

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 6 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

_

-

1

9

-

-

8

11
11

2
2

-

-

3
3

-

-

88
21

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39. 0

5 0 .0 0
4 8 .5 0
5 0 .0 0
4 9 . 00

2

9

41

4

-

2

11

7

30
9

10
2
8
1

2

2

19
5
14

1
1

C le r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s R
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3
_____
C le r k s , o r d e r
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
C le r k s ,

p a y r o ll

...

_

_

_ _ _ _ _ _

_
_
...
. .
_ _ ...
__________________________________________
. . .....

c la s s C

4
4
3

'

19
*19
4 4

3
3

5 14
14

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

17
11

-

-

-

3
3

-

4

1

1

.

1

_

5

7

4

1

1

_

_

5
2
1

11
9

3
3
3

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

4
4
4

-

-

5
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

4

67

-

-

-

"

-

8
8

_

-

8
8

_

-

1
1

-

-

2

7

-

-

1
1

7
5

2'
2

1
1

1
1

1
-

1
1

1
1

1

'

3
3

_

-

5
5

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

_

-

1

2

5

5

-

_

3

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

6
6

7
4

17
15

17
9

1
1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

7
7

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_
-

2

7
7

11
5

4
3

2
2

5

2

2

_
-

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

1

8
4
4

2

6

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

12

16
3
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
1
9
3

4
1
3

19
17
9

10
4
6
4

_
-

1
1

_
_

_
_

1
_
1

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

1

-

88

8
1

4

1

2

12

2

-

-

-

4
_

1

1

3
-

_

_

7

3

1

2

12

3

4

1

2

1
1

_

1
1

1
1

_

1

_

_

.

"

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

!

5

-

W om en
B il le r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e )
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
_

_______________________

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
C le r k s , file , c la s s A
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

_____ _________ _____________
__
__________________________________________

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B _________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
N o n m S m u f a c t u r in g __________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ____________ _________________________

See footnotes at end of table,




67
19

-

-

1
-

1

-

2

18
18

27
27

48
48

26

11

12

-

14

11

13
3
10

1
1

-

20

19
19

13
1

29
8

11
1

12

21
*

10
1

37
5
32

20
8
12

2

-

20

6

1
3

-

2
1

-

3
85

-

2

_
-

_
-

_
_

5
Table A-1. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charlotte, N .C ., A p ril 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

$
Weekly . 3 5 . 0 0
and
earnings 1
(Standard) u n d e r

4 0 . 00

$

$

$

$

$

4 5 . 00

50 . 00

55. 00

6 0 . 00

"

"

~

"

$

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

“

4 5 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

~

5 0 , 0 0 __5 5 . 0 0 .6 0 . 00_ _6_5. 0 0

7 0 . 00_

7 5. 0 0

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

“

$

4 0 . 00

“

8 0 . 0 0 JB5. 0 0

9 0 ,.0 0

$
9 0 . 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 00 1 0 5 . 00 1 1 0 . 00 1 1 5 . 00 1 2 0 . 00
and
■
~
”
“
“

9 5 . 0 0 . 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 00_. 1 1 0 . 0 0 . 1 1 5 . 00. 1 2 0 . 0 0

over

W o m e n — C o n t in u e d

-

-

3

1
1

50
00
50
00

_
-

3
2
1

10
2
8

-

-

39. 0
40. 0
39. 0

6 3 . 50
6 5 . 00
6 3 . 00

4
4

39.
39.
39.
39.

62.
67.
61.
58.

57
16
41

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -----------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------- ------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------

166
64
102
36

39.
39.
39.
39.

M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------

1 22
16
106

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s _____________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------

204
33
171
52

O ffic e g i r ls

________________________________________________________

29

_
-

C l e r k s , o r d e r ____________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------------

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
5
5
0
0

$ 6 6 . 00
6 7 . 50
6 5 . 50
65.
62.
67.
70.

6
2

1
1

2

2

2

2

-

18
1
17

4

“

-

-

8
8

-

30
13
17
5

16
8
8
2

36
17
19
6

25
7
18
7

10
6
4
2

17
7
10
8

1
1
1

7
7

2
2

20
3
17

13
2
11

25
4
21

17
17

13
3
10

7
4
3

3

-

7
7

7

7

3
1
2
2

3
1
2
-

2
2
1

1
-

9

1
-

1
-

1

9

1

5
2
3

9
8
1

1
1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

8
8
1

1
1
1

1
1

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

2
2

.

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

_
-

.
-

-

-

3
3
_

10
3
7
6

.

_
-

9
1
8
3

41
5
36
18

46
6
40

29
5
24
5

42
2
40
3

7
1
6
-

13
3
10
6

-

-

-

-

38. 5

50. 00

_

2

13

9

4

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

19

-

-

19
1

33
3
30
4

40
4
36
3

53
7
46
8

67
19
48
2

67
27
40
29

68
27
41
22

78
25
53
16

41
21
20
2

34
13
21
13

33
19
14
10

8
6
2
2

14
1
13
8

11
4
7
4

-

55
4
51
15

68
18
50
20

103
15
88
24

51
9
42
16

18
7
11
6

43
6
37
26

21
4
17
17

24
16
8
8

2

2

2

1

_
-

_
-

-

-

2
2

16
15
1

6
5

6
5
3

9
7
7

3
2
2

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

-

7
5
1

17
14
3

12
9
3

24
4
20

14
1
13

1

1

3
1
2

13

8

11

2

6
5

0
5
0
0

76.
81.
74.
82.

00
50
00
50

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ................... .....................................................
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ---------------------------------------------------------

457
81
376
1 42

39.
39.
38.
39.

0
5
5
0

63.
68.
62.
70.

50
00
00
00

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ---------------------------------------------------------

75
63
21

40. 5
41. 0
39. 0

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s --------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------

73
30
43

-------------------------

-

1
7

-

-

_

19

-

19

1

46
2
44
1

6 0 . 50
5 8 . 50
7 5 . 50

6
6

9
9

2
2

-

-

-

40. 0
40. 0
39. 5

6 0 . 00
55. 00
63 . 00

_
-

1

-

1
1

60

38. 0

6 6 . 50

_

_

_

8

T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l --------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------

46
36

40. 0
40. 0

63. 00
6 5 . 00

-

4
4

13
8

7

5
3

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A ------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------

58
52

39. 5
40. 0

6 6 . 50
6 5 . 50

3

4
4

10
10

16
16

8

-

1
1

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---- ------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------

143
37
1 06

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

5 3 . 50
5 1 . 50
5 4 . 50

_

14

21

9

9

35
4
31

32

5

27
18

_

-

-

1

3

_

9_

2

6

30

15

_

2

-

-

-

-

2
1

2
2

2
2

1
1

9
5
5

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1
1

-

-

_
■

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

15

_

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

~

3
3

-

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

4

5

2

_

3

_

_

6

2

3

2

-

1
1

3

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

6

_

-

8
1
7

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

5

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular
stra igh t-tim e sa la r ie s and theearnings correspond to these weekly hours.
W ork ers were distributed as follow s: 8 at $ 120 to $ 130; 4 at $ 130 to $ 140; 4 at $ 140 to $ 150; 1 at $ 150 to$ 160; 2 at $ 160 to $ 170.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
A ll w orkers were at $ 120 to $ 130.
W orkers were distributed as follow s: 5 at $ 120 to $ 130; 8 at $ 130 to $ 140;
1 at $ 140 to $ 150.
W ork ers were distributed as follow s: 1 at $ 120 to $ 130; 1 at $ 130 to $ 140; 5 at $ 140 to $ 150.




1
-

_

39.
38.
39.
39.

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

-

579
182
397
130

c la s s B

-

50
50
50
00

0
0
0
5

S e c r e t a r i e s ________________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

1
1
-

6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charlotte, N. C. , A p ril 1961)
Avebage

N U M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A RN ING S OF—

$
5 5 . 00
and
under
6 0 . 00

Number

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

of

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

workers

Weekly^
(Standard)

Weekly .
earnings
(Standard)

$
6 0 . 00

-

-

$
6 5 . 00

S
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

7 0 . 00 - 7 5 . 0 0

$
8 0 . 00

_ 8Q ^ 00

S

$

8 5 . 00

$
$
$
$
9 5 . 0 0 1 0 . 00 1 0 5 . 0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 * 4 0 . 0 0
$0
$3

9 0 . 00

and
6 5 . 00

8 5 . 00 _2C L 00 . 9 5 . 0 0

1 0 0 , 0 0 1 0 5 ^ 0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 . 00. 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 -_oo 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 , 0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0

over

M en
D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r _____________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

65
38
27

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

$ 1 0 5 .0 0
9 8 . 50
11 3 . 50

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r
____________________________ .________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________ _____________________

65
37

40. 0
40. 0

7 9 . 50
7 9 . 50

-

"

1
1

4
4

-

-

-

7
5
2

7
5
2

4
3
1

1
1

5

7

9

9

8

10

9

4

4

5

5

2

5

6

17
15
2

6
4
2

5
1
4

1
1

-

1

-

-

-

“

“

"

3

“

1
1

4
4

4
4

1
1

_

3
-

4
4

1
1

_

1

"

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, C harlotte, N. C. , A p ril 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
Average
hourly . $1. 10
1 .2 0
earnings1 and
under
1 .2 0
1. 30

36
19
17

$ 2 . 11
2 .0 7
2. 15

_
-

__ __________

29
29

2. 37
2. 37

_

Engineers, stationary .
_ . ...
_ ... ....
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

33
18
15

2. 32
2. 47
2. 14

Firem en , stationary boiler
Manufacturing _________________

27
23

1 .5 3
1 .5 6

H elpers, trades, maintenance
Manuf actu ring

91
79

M achinists, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing ____________________ _____________

C arpenters, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
E lectrician s, maintenance
Manufacturing
_

______

*1. 30

$
1 .4 0

*1.50

*1.6 0

*1.7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

1 . 00

*2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2 .6 0

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

*3. 10

$
3. 20

1. 40

1 .5 0

1. 60

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

and
over

1
1

_
-

2
2

1
1

_
-

3
3
-

3
3
-

4
4
“

2
2

_

_

_

_

.

_

2
2

2
2
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

4
4

-

-

-

.
18
14

1 .4 4
1 .4 1

12
12

28
28

5
5

6
6

20
16

23
23

2. 20
2 .2 0

-

-

-

-

-

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) ________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing .
Public u tilit ie s 2 __ ...
. . .
................

148
42
106
94

2. 22
1 .8 9
2. 35
2. 38

_
-

-

-

4
4
-

-

10
3
7
3

M echanics, maintenance
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

102
83
19

2. 12
2. 12
2. 14

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

2
2

7
2
5

5
5
-

O ilers ___________________________
_ _______
Manufacturing _________________________________

30
30

1 .4 7
1 .4 7

1
1

25
25

_

_

_

. _
______________

~

_
-

1
1

-

2
1
1

4
4

1
1

5
3
2

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

2
2

4
4

_

2
2

2
2

1
1

1

1
1

4
4

_

1
1

1
1

1
1

4
4

3
2
1
-

1
1
-

4
4
-

_
-

-

_
-

_

.
_

3
_
3

7
7

_
-

_

1
1

_
-

_

_
_

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

.

1
1

_

_

2
1
1
-

-

—

r ~

9
8
1

.

-

_

_

3
-

4
4

6
2

-

6
6

-

-

3
3

4
4

5
5

1
i

1
1

6
6

1
1

_

•

18
18
-

7
1
6
2

12
4
8
8

11
4
7
7

25
2
23
23

i
i

-

2
2
2

18
18
17

2
2
2

19
5
14
14

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2
-

1
1
-

8
8
8

4
4
4

13
13

7
7
-

13
13

11
11

-

3
3

20
14
6

3
3

1
1

2
2

7
7

-

7
7
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

“

“

'

'

-

-

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.




-

3
2
1

.
-

~

5
1
4

~

_

■

_

_

“

~

'

'
1
1

3
3

‘

_

-

-

"

7

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , C harlotte, N. C. , A p ril 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n ) _______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------

32
32

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) _________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ------------------------------- ---------------

548
310
238
70

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_______________________________

57
43

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g
_____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ----------------------------------------------O r d e r f i l l e r s ___________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________

827
276
551
308
267
--------- 66“
201

$
Average
hourly 2 0 . 6 0
earnings
and
under
. 70
$ 0. 85
. 85

_

1.
1.
1.
1.

$
0. 70

$
0. 8 0

$
0 . 90

$
1. 00

$
1. 10

$
1. 20

. 80

. 90

1. 00

1. 10

1. 20

1. 30

_

_

-

4
4

17
17
-

10
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

24
24

-

23
26
18
21

8
8
-

20
20
-

. 99
. 95

-

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P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ( w o m e n ) ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________

29
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1. 14

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R e c e iv in g c le r k s
_____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________

72
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S h ip p i n g c l e r k s ________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________

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T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to and
i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s ) -------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 __________________________

276
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150

2.
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T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a il e r ty p e )
_____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 -----------------------------------------

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T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) _________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------

88
30
58

1. 97
1. 68
2. 11

_

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______________________________________________
W a tch m en
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------

85
58

1. 20
1. 23
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D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la t e s h i f t s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e an d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




-

-

33
25
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15
15
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28
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103
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T r u c k d r i v e r s , l i g h t (u n d e r I V 2 t o n s ) _______
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N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

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T r u c k d r i v e r s 4 _________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ______________________________

-

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54
21
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133
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P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ( m e n ) ___________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________

S h ip p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _____________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________

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9

Apoundix:

Occupational DbUCristisnii

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes in applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and in voices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work inciden­
tal to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine,
are cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B iller, machine (billing machine)— U ses a specia l billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies
of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)-—Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers' ledger
record. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a num­
ber of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to
be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated re­
ports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
C lass B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or section s
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic
bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, pay­
roll, customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing
described under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense d is­
tribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a ss is t in prep­
aration of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the a c­
counting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or a c­
countant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a
complete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an e s ­
tablishment's business transactions. Work involves posting and

10

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
balancing subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receiv­
able or accounts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouch­
ers with proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and ex­
perience in making proper assignations and allocations. May
assist in preparing, adjusting, and closin g journal entries; may
direct cla ss B accounting clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers. This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in o ffice s in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distrib­
uting pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

CLERK, FILE

Class A — R esponsible for maintaining an established filing
system. C la ssifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the file s. May perform incidental clerical duties.

Class B— Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been cla ssified , or locates or a ssists in locating ma­
terial in the files. May perform incidental clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled. May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sib ilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjust­
ments such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is
not required to prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used
stencils or Ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed
material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine. May keep files of punch
cards. May verify own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

11

SECRETA RY

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in au
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidental
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or therecorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May pre­
pare special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's
while at switchboard.

TABULA TIN G -M ACH IN E

STEN O G R A PH ER , G E N E R A L
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May a lso set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing
machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

posi­
also
This
time

O PERATO R

Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
ST EN O G R A P H ER , T E C H N IC A L
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, e tc. Does not include transcribingmachine work.

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type
from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing
dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such
as legal briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar
machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R
T Y P IS T
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to
persons who ca ll in* or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.




Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping
simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and distributing
incoming mail.

12

TYPIST— Continued

TYPIST— Continued

C la s s A — Performs one o r more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form from very rough and involved draft; copying
from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent and varied
use of technical and unusual words or from foreign-language copy;
combining material from several sources, or planning layout of
complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance

in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in final form. May type
routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
C la s s B — Performs one o r more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing from
relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance
p o licie s, etc., setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
d raftsm an , le a d e r

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cr o s s-s e ctio n s , e tc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those
involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications* May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bina­
tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

13

M AINTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions,- doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment* Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ie f engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded




.

HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

14

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

15

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

C U

S T O

D

I A L

A N D

M

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker's
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification .

A T E R I A L

M

O V E M

E N T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
iqaintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering,
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

16

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded .
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( l l2 to and including 4 tons)
/
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1961

O— 598248

Occupational Wage Surveys
O c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s w i l l b e c o n d u c t e d in th e 8 2 m a jo r la b o r m a r k e ts l i s t e d b e l o w d u r in g la t e I 9 6 0 a n d e a r ly 1 9 6 1 . B u l l e t i n s , w h e n a v a i l a b l e , m ay b e
p u r c h a s e d from th e S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n 2 5 , D . C . , or from a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n o n th e
i n s i d e fr o n t c o v e r .
A su m m a ry b u l l e t i n c o n t a in in g d a t a fo r 8 0 la b o r m a r k e ts , c o m b in e d w ith a d d i t i o n a l a n a l y s i s , w i l l b e i s s u e d e a r ly in 1 9 6 2 .

Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285* Albany—
Schenectady-Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285-51
Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285-61
* Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285-47
Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285* Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285-34
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285-53

*Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C.— Bull. 1285-63
Houston, Tex.— Bull. 1285*Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285-28
* Jackson, Miss.— Bull. 1285-42
* * Jacksonville, Fla.— Bull. 1285- 30
^Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285^^Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285-6

Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285- 62
* * Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285-15
* * Buffalo, N.Y.— Bull. 1285-31
Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285-57
* Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W. Va.— Bull. 1285-60
Charlotte, N .C.— Bull. 1285-58
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-66

Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif.— Bull. 1285-52
* * Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285-49
Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285*Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
^Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285-35
* Miami, Fla.— Bull. 1285-33
Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285-64
^^Minneapolis— Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285-39
St.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.— Bull. 1285-59
* * Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
**Colum bus, Ohio— Bull. 1285-38
* * Dallas, T ex.— Bull. 1285-21
* * Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285-16
* Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285*41
* Denver, C olo.— Bull. 1285-27
* D e s Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285*43
**D etroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285- 37
**F ort Worth, T ex.— Bull. 1285-23

*Newark and Jersey City, N.J.— Bull. 1285-40
*New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285-46
jjesjeN Orleans, La.— Bull. 1285-48
ew
New York, N.Y.— Bull. 1285-65
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285**Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
^♦Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285#*Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-55

* * Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285-44
^Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285-19
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence-Pawtucket, R .I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285'
**R aleigh, N.C.— Bull. 1285-5
^Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285-26
Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285**S t. Louis, Mo.—
111.— Bull. 1285-10
**Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285-32
San Antonio, Tex.— Bull. 1285'!<San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
**San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285*36
Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285**Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
**Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
***S iou x Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285*54
Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285^ T o le d o , Ohio— Bull. 1285-50
**Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285-25
* * Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a .— Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285-56
* Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285*20
**W ichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
**Wilmington, D e l.-N .J .— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285* York, P a.— Bull. 1285-45

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

*
sjesjcaje




P r ic e , 20 c e n ts .
P r i c e , 25 c e n t s ,
P r i c e , 15 c e n t s .





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102