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Occupational Wage Survey

CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA
APRIL 1960

Bui etin No. 1265-39




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguo, Commissioner




Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices

Occupational Wage Survey
CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA




APRIL 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-39
June 1960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Gommissionar

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
P age
1
Introduction ____________________________________________________ ___________

The Com m unity Wage Survey P rogram
The Bureau of L abor S ta tistic s regu larly conducts
areaw id e w age su rveys in a num ber of im portant indus­
tria l cen te rs. The stu d ies, m ade from late fa ll to ea rly
sp rin g, relate to occupational earnings and related supple­
m entary b en efits. A p relim in ary report is available on
com p letion of the study in each a rea , usually in the m onth
follow ing the payroll period studied. T his b u lletin provides
additional data not included in the e a r lie r report. A con­
solid ated an alytical bulletin sum m arizing the resu lts of a ll
of the y ea r's su rveys is issu e d after com p letion of the
final area b ulletin for the curren t round of su rv ey s.

T ables:
1. E stab lish m en ts and w orkers w ithin scop e of s u r v e y _____________
A: O ccupational earnings:*
A - l. O ffice occupations _______
A - 2. P ro fessio n a l and tech n ical o c c u p a tio n s____________________
A - 3. M aintenance and pow er plant o c cu p a tio n s---------------------------A -4 . C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent o c c u p a tio n s ___________




4
6
7
8

B: E stablishm en t p ra ctices and supplem entary wage
p rovision s:*
B - l. Shift d if fe r e n tia ls _____________________
B -Z . M inim um entrance sa la r ie s for w om en
office worke rs ____________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours ____________________________________
B -4 . P aid holidays _______________________________________________
B -5 . P aid vacations ______________________________________________
B -6 . H ealth, insu ran ce, and pen sion plans _____________________

T his report w as prepared in the B ureau^ regional
office in A tlanta, G a ., by Donald C ru se, under the d ir e c ­
tion of L ouis B. W oytych, R egional W age and Industrial
R elation s A n alysts.

2

9
10
10
11
12
14

Appendix: O ccupational d escrip tion s

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations for th ese and other item s are
available in the reports for su rveys in other m ajor a r ea s.
A d irectory indicating date of study and the p rice of the r e ­
ports is available upon req u est.
Union s c a le s , in d icative of p revailin g pay le v e ls ,
are availab le for the follow ing trad es or in d u stries: B uild­
ing construction, printing, lo c a l-tr a n sit operating em p loy­
e e s, and m otortruck d riv ers and h elp ers.

iii

15




Occupational W age Survey— Charlotte, N. C.
Introduction

This area is one of sev er a l im portant industrial cen ters in
w hich the U .S . D epartm ent of L a b o r's B ureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v is its of Bureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
w ithin six broad industry division s: M anufacturing; tra n sp o rta tio n ,1
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu dies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and extractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted also b ecause
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because of the
u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying a ll esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
b ased on the estab lish m en ts studied are p resented, th erefo re, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform set of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of these d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice cle r ic a l; (b) p ro fession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and powerplant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e . , those h ired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ays, and
1 R ailroad s, form erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies,
have been added in n early a ll of the areas to be studied during the
w inter of 1959-60; railroad s w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
y ear. F or scope of survey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.




late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sched ules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are p resen ted sep arately
for selected occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and wom en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (1) d ifferen ces ip the distribution of the sex es am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ssifie d within
the sam e su rvey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this basis.
L onger average serv ic e of m en would re su lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen eralized than those u sed in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in specifier duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts w ithin the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally surveyed. B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T hese d ifferen ces in occu ­
pational structure do not m ateria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.
E stablishm en t P ra c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary ben efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working au p ervisors and nonsu p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lead m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
ex ecu tive, and p rofession al em p lo y ees, and force-acco u n t construction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded.
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant w orkers in nonm anufacturing industries.

2

T A B L E 1.

b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 A p r i l I 9 6 0

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in C h a r lo t t e ,

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u stry d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
s tu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T ota l 4

O ffic e

P la n t

T otal 4

_______________

51

287

105

4 6 ,6 0 0

8, 200

30, 7 0 0

2 6 ,0 0 0

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________ _____ ___________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------- ----------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
__________________
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _____________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e ______________________________ ___ ______________
R e t a il t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------- — --------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ----------------- --------------------S e r v i c e s 7 _______________________________________ __ —
--------------

51
51

109
178

45
60

2 1 ,3 0 0
2 5 , 300

1, 600
6, 600

16, 6 00
14, 100

13, 250
12, 7 50

51
51
51
51
51

30
53
44
28
23

17
11
13
9
10

2, 000

3, 9 0 0

6 , 3 50
1, 270
2, 660
1 ,4 9 0
9 80

A l l d i v i s i o n s ________________________________________

8,
4,
7,
3,
2,

000
800
400
0 00
100

(?)
(?)
06)
(

0
(?)
( 6)

1 T h e C h a r l o t t e M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a ( M e c k l e n b u r g C o u n t y ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d
c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t
t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2) s m a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d
f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r e d i t io n ( u s e d in
th e B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o the w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r iz a t io n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e ( w h o l e s a le
o r r e t a il ) to m a n u fa c t u r in g , a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o th e t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t t o j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e
p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




3

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p loyer. Separate estim a tes are provided
according to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of
annual earnings was con sid ered as the equivalent of i w e ek 's pay.

Data are presen ted for all health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p loyer,
excepting only leg al req u irem en ts such as workmen* s com pensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m ercia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t asid e for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is lim ited to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s w hich require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with ben efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sic k -le a v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absence from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who re ceiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, som etim es referred to as extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans which are d esign ed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n ess and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italization , m ed ical, and su rgical plans.
M edical insuran ce refers to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d octors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insurance com panies or nonprofit organizations or they m ay be
self-in su r ed . Tabulations of retirem en t pen sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er's life .

An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p rovision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3
Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (first sectio n
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of wom en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a form al plan if
of estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave that
it
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sick -lea v e allow an ces, determ in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift differential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is p resented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t p olicy, 2 p resented in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctice, p resented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sification "other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a d ifferential was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resented on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in suran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are co vered . 3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
com b ines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division, C harlotte, N. C. , A p ril I960)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

Average
N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
(Standard)

40. 00

45. 00

$
$
50. 00 55. 00

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

_
-

$
35. 00
earnings 1 and
under
(Standard)
40. 00

_
-

o
o
o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

60. 00

65. 00

_
-

2
2

-

-

2
1

6
2

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 $ 0 . 00 95. 00 1 0 0 . 00 105. 00 1 10 . 00 115. 00 1 20 .0 0
$
$
9
ana
70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 00 95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105. 00 11 0 . 00 115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0 over
65. 00

Men
J

40. 0 $ 110.00
40. 0
112.00
40. 0
98.00

_
-

97.00
99.50

.

92

40. 0
40. 0

C lerk s, o rd e r ___________________________________________
M an u factu rin g_______________________________________
N onm anufacturing------------------------------------------------------

91
19
72

40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

71.00
76.00
69.50

_
-

8

-

-

8

12

4
4

4
4

C lerk s, p a y r o l l _________________________________________
M an u factu rin g---------------- -----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing____________________________________

35
17
18

40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

82.50
81.50
83.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

6
6

8
1

1
1

2

"

7

"

O ffice boys ______________________________________________
N onm anufacturing____________________________________

43
29

39. 0
39. 5

53.00
55.50

2
2

6

13
—

5

6

_

4

7
7

_

2

-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s A ----------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------------------------

26

4 0 .0
40. 5

106.00
108.00

_

22

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________________________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________
Pu blic u tilities 3 __________________________________

69
64

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ___________________________
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------

100

21

_

.

12

4
1

i
.

.

.
“

2
2
2

3
-

5
5
3

6
6

7

3

-

3
3
3

1

8
8

8
8

3
3

8

11
10

21

4
3

_
-

6

----- 3—
18
-

1
1

1
1

8
1

2

"

-

7

3
3

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

2

5
3
13
----- 3----- -------- 5- ------11
-

2

1

7

3
3
3

.
-

7
7
4

2 28

2
2

2
2

9
9

12
12

8
8

10
10

4 12
12

2
2

2
2

3
3

3
3

_
-

-

4
4

2
1
1

_
-

1
1

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

4
4

_

_
-

2

1

-

6

3
3

3

-

-

28
1

1
1
1
1

_
-

3

7
56

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s B ______________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________

22

40. 0
40. 0

77.00
77.00

6

2
1

-

3
3

-

2
2

-

1
1

1
1

.

5

2
2

_

-

4
4

_

-

_
-

_

"

"

_

19

-

*

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs, cla s s C _______________

16

40* 5

72.50

_

.

_

-

-

6

-

3

3

1

1

-

2

-

.

_

-

_

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ____________________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________

74
58

39. 0
39. 0

58.50
60.00

_

.

28
17

10
8

12
12

2
2

.

.

.

.

_

_

.

.

12

1
1

.

-

6
6

15

-

-

-

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) ______________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________

18
18

40. 0
40. 0

61.50
61.50

_

_
-

.

9
9

4
4

1
1

"

_
-

1
1

_

-

2
2

-

1
1

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs, c la s s A ____________
N onm anufacturing------------------------------------------------------

41
27

40. 0
40. 5

64.50 1
63.00 1

~

"

_

7

3
3

6

6
2

3
3

5
3

_

_

4

-

-

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, cla s s B ____________
M an ufacturin g____________________________________ __
N onm anufacturing____________________________________

150
23
127

40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

55.00
57.00
54.50

-

7
7

11
6

10

8

-

-

10

8

-

.
-

.
-

5

_
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A _____________________ ____
M an ufacturin g------------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing____________________________________
Public u tilities 3 __________________________________

127
19
108
23

38.
39.
38.
38.

68.50
72.50

_
"

_
"

25
5

6
2

8

20

4
3

_
-

_
-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B --------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturin g________________________________________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________

482
48
434

38. 5
39. 5
38. 5

3
3

16
16

5
5

_
-

Women

-

5
0

5
5

68.00

82.50
61.50
62.00
61.00

"
|

-

10
10

i
!

2

41
41

40

28

10

6
22

_

30

-

18
18
-

63

102

1

9
93

!

62

20

20

76
14
62

1

5
I
4
19
5
14
3
40
8

32

44
7
37

______
See footnotes at end of table.




3
5

3
j— :—
3

1

1

106

16

1

5

3
3

105

11

-

_

-

_
-

_

1

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

-

20

5

1

1

3
17
9

1

-

-

4
4

1
1

1

-

1

-

2

-

2

-

2

1

2

2

_

_

_

-

-

2

_

-

.
-

_
-

1

1
1

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

1

1

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charlotte, N. C. , A pril I960)
N U M B E R 0 1 ' W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 ea rn in g s1
(Standard) (Standard)

$
$
35. 00 40. 00

$
$
$
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00

“
under
40. 00 45. 00

5 0 .0Q„ 55. 00 60. 00

$
$
$
$
I$
60. 00 65.00 | 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00
!
“
1 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00

% 00
85.
90. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120.00
and
95. 00 i 0 0 . 00 1 0 5 .go n o . oo 115.00 120, 00 over

W om en— Continued
C lerks, file, c la s s A ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

49
35

39. 0
39. 0

C lerks, file, cla s s B ---------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities 3 ---------------------------------------------------

97
15
82
23

39.
39.
39.
39.

C lerk s, ord er ---------------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

53
44

40. 0
40. 0

64. 50
63. 50

C lerks, p a yroll -------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3 ---------------------------------------------------

145
61
84
24

39.
39.
39.
38.

63.
60.
66.
69.

Com ptom eter op era to rs -----------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

102
29
73

Keypunch op era tors -----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 3 ---------------------------------------------------

5
5
5
5

$ 6 1 .5 0
63. 50
50.
46.
51.
50.

00
50
00
50

.

_
"

1
1

3
3

.
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2

1
~

1
“

9
8

_

1
1

l

_

_

_

_

"

i

■

“

"

"

17
9
8
4

23
7
16
6

3
3
"

5
1
4
4

-

2
2
1

-

-

“

-

"

13
10

1
1

6
5
1

_
-

7
-

3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
*

1
-■
i ;
~

1
1

_
■

_
-

_
-

_
-

20
16

9
3
6

1
1
-

3

3

13
2
11
6

3
-

6
6

1
1
1

1
1
1

_
-

2
2
2

3
3

_
"

8
3

6
“

17
16

9
7

1
1

14
3
11
2

45
9
36
13

17
2
15
3

11
1
10
2

8
8
1

"

10
10

2
2

3
2

1
“

19
18

2

23
14
9
1

17
2
15
2

20
13
7
1

27
12
15
5

27

21

|

_

8
8

50
00
00
00

-

~

40. 5
40. 0
40. 5

60. 00
63. 00
58. 50

_
-

10
10

7
-

7

3

24

14

3

6
4
2

7

1
1

191
27
164
25

39.
39.
39.
40.

0
0
0
0

59.
62.
58.
53.

00
50
00
50

_
-

11
11
"

18
4
14

67
6
61
17

18

27
1
26
1

19
2
17
2

12
1
11

12
10
2
"

2
2

1
1
-

2
2
“

S ecreta ries --------------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities 3 ---------------------------------------------------

555

39.
38.
39.
39.

0
5
0
0

74.
80.
71.
79.

00
00
50
00

-

33

58
10
48
13

101
23
78
17

51
28

82
35
47
14

30
11
19
12

44

44

-

9
9
2

51

177
378
121

17
27

23
21
17

Stenographers, general -----------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Pu blic utilities 3 ---------------------------------------------------

422
95
327
118

39.
39.
39.
39.

0
5
0
5

62. 00
66.50
60. 50
71. 50

_
-

12
1
11

77

70
11
59
10

53

61
22
39
18

40

27

16
16
16

3

-

- •

20
12

22
10
12
12

3

37
15

34
24
10
8

3
3

_
-

Switchboard op era to rs --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 3 ---------------------------------------------------

71
61
19

41. 0
41. 0
39. 0

57. 00
56. 00
72. 50

6
6
-

10
10
-

3
3

18
16
1

7
6
1

5

8
4
4

1
-

5
5
5

_
-

_
"

_
"

_
"

1
1
1

_
-

_
~

_
-

Switchboard op e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists ---------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

75
30
45

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

58. 00
54. 50
60. 00

_

1

_

_

1

-

14
12
2

_

-

5
5

_

-

-

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs, c la s s B ----------------------

22

38. 5

66.50

_

_

_

Tran scrib in g-m a ch in e op e ra to rs, general ----------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

57
45

39. 5
3 9. 5

62. 00
63. 00

3
3

6
2

See footnotes at end of table,




5
5
5
5

3

3

2
75
4

-

3

48

3

7
3

15
2

2
31
6
15
38
10

7

3

-

23

14

7

5

3
3

6

4
4

26

16

_

_

-

-

-

2

1
1
"

_

12

10
1
9

2

19

-

-

_

7

6

5

_

1

1

1

12
12

4

6

12
9

5

2
2

4

2
2

7

3

4

3

-

5

3

4
4

~

5

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

1
1

2
2

6
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, C harlotte, N. C. , April i960)
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weeklyi earnings i 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00
Weekly and
(Standard) (Standard) under
“
“
“
“
“
“
"
_
■
“
"
"
“
■
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 _60, 0 0 .65*00 70. 00 75. 00 J30. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 00 _9.5a.0Q_ 100.00 105. 00 110*00 115. 00 120.00

$
120.00
and
over

Wom en— Continued
T ypists, cla ss A ---------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------T ypists, c la ss B ---------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

74
66
147
36
111

40. 0 $66. 50
40. 5 66. 00
39. 0 51. 00
39. 5 51. 50
39. 0 50. 50

2

-

2

5
5
14
7
7

3
3
36
11
25

6
5
63
6
57

10
10
13
4
9

23
21
18
7
11

10
5
1
1

5
4
_
-

.
-

2
2
-

.
-

2
2
-

_
-

6
6
_
-

2
2
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to th ese w eekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as follows: 9 at $120 to $130; 13 at $130 to $140; 4 at $140 to $150; 2 at $150 to $160.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
W orkers w ere distributed as follows: 11 at $120 to $130; 1 at $130 to $140.
W orkers w ere distributed as follows: 1 at $130 to $140; 5 at $140 to $150.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations

Sex, occupation, and industry division

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, C harlotte, N. C. , April I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
Average
Number
$
$
$
$
of Weekly, earnings x $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 $95. 00 100.00 105. 00 110.00 115. 00
90.
60.
65.
70.
80.
85.
Weekly 50.
55.
75.
workers
(Standard) (Standard) and
under
55. 00 ltO.QQ

Jx5.0-0.

-70, Q .2.5, Q 80, 00
Q
.Q

85, QQ- 90 .0 0 - J?5, 00 1QQ.00 105. 00, n o . m

$
$
$
$
120.00 125. 00 130.00 135. 00
Q
“
115. 00, 120, 00 125, 00 130,00 135- 00 _ over

Men
D raftsm en, senior _____________________________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------

69
30

40. 0 $ 101. 00
40. 0
97. 00

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
-

12
6

8
5

6
2

6
2

1
-

8
4

4
4

6
5

2
-

1
-

3
-

3
-

28
2

D raftsm en, junior
Manufactur ing

83
65

40. 0
40. 0

5
3

3

11
6

10
9

9
8

4
1

5
4

8
8

21
21

_

_

1

_

1
1

4
4

_

_

1

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

81. 00
83. 50

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa laries and the earnings correspond to th ese w eekly hours.
2 W orkers w ere distributed as follows: 3 at $ 135 to $ 140; 3 at $ 140 to $ 145; 2 at $ 145 to $ 150.




7
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charlotte, N. C. , April I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

of

workers

Average
hourly i
earnings

$

1. 00

1. 10

under

1. 10

-----------------------------

37
21

$1. 97
2. 04

--------------- __ ___________
E le c t r ic i a n s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa c t u r in g
--------------------------------------------------- --------

44
38

2. 34
2. 32

E n g in e e r s , sta tio n a r y
------------------ __ __ ___________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
---------------------- ------------------------- --------

33
19

2. 28
2. 39

F ir e m e n ,

26
23

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------- __ ----------

s ta tio n a r y b o ile r

M a n u fa c t u r in g

H e lp e r s ,

trad es,

M a n u fa c t u r in g

-----------------------------------------

------------- -----------------------------------

m a in te n a n c e
------------------------

—

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n c e
—
__
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______ ____________

--------------------------------------------------------------

__

__

-----------------

_________________

M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ( m a i n t e n a n c e ) __________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------- ----------------- -------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

------------------

__

__

______

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e
—
__ __ -----------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g
---------------------------------------------------------------

1. 20

$

1. 20
1. 30

$

1. 30

1.40

1.40
'

_

"

_

.

.

.
"

2

_

_

'

“

1. 52
1. 55

_

_

71
60

1. 36
1. 32

4
4

33
27

2. 21
2. 14

_

2.
1.
2.
2.

13
85
24
28

_
-

2. 06
2. 09

.

2

$
1. 70

$
1. 90

1. 70

$
2. 00
_

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

2. 10

$
2. 30
“

“

2. 20

2. 30

2.40

”

4
4

13
4

3
3

2
2

5
2

4
2

.

.

_

“

4
4

1
1

4
4

5
5

"

8
8

---------- r

2

.

2
2

1
1

.

5
1

1
1

.

1
1

8
8

.

-

-

4
2

2
1

2
2

.
-

-

"

7
7

3
3

7
7

-

9
6
3
3

11
10
1
1

12
12
12

14
6
8
8

24
2
22
22

7
2
5
5

14
14

4
4

12
12

13
13

2
2

$
2. 40
_

$

2. 50

2. 50

_

15
14

9
9

27
26

3
3

1
1

19
12

.

.

_

.

.

"

“

-

“

-

_

_

”

-

-

.
-

8
8

10
10

"

“

“

"

~

7
1

2
2

-

.

$

2. 60

2. 60

2. 70

.

“

4
4
3
3

6

"

-

3
1

2
2

1
1

.

_

$

2. 70

.
"

-

-

-

-

-

“

7
7

6
-

"

i
i

4

■

4
3

9
1
8
8

12

-

15
15

6
6

3

2
2

2. 80

-

1

-

"

$

2. 80

~

"

"

_

-

.

~

.

$1. 80

~

*

"

1 E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




_

1. 60

1. 50

■

_

93
84

"

$
1. 60

2
"

'

147
42
105
91

$
1. 50

$

"

$

2. 90

2. 90

$

3. 00

3. 00

$

3. 10
and

"

"

3. 10

over

-

-

-

6
6

-

1
1

3
3

4
4

1

2

-

-

-

-

"

7
6

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

“

“

-

1
1

_

.

-

12
12

5
4
1
1

.

2
2

.

12

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

12
12

1

”

4
4

6
6

7
7

2

4

2

■

8
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charlotte, N. C. , A p ril I960)

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
workers

$
Average $
hourly , 0. 60 0. 70
earnings
and
under
. 80
. 70

$
0. 80

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

0 .90

$1.00

$
1. 10

$
1.20

$
1. 30

$
1.40

$
1.50

$
1.60

$
1. 70

$

$1.80

1.90

$
1.90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2.40

2. 50

2.60

2. 70

2. 80

-

-

-

-

-

-

.9 0

1.00

1. 10

1. 20

1. 30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

18
23
12
22

8
8
-

22
22
-

23
23
-

12
12
-

143
91
52
14

80
23
57
26

125
105
20
9

60
21
39
20

45
39
6
3

7
2
5
1

25
16
9
1

8
8
-

-

-

1
1
1

49
46

. 98
. 97

"

12
12

7
7

-

"

1
-

'

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

L a b o re rs , m aterial handling -------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Pu blic utilities 3 -------------------------------------

757
258
499
336

1.57
1. 19
1.78
2. 09

2
2
-

51
51
21
14
7

33
27
6
4

32
15
17
14

62
15
47
17

40
2
38
36

-

87
87
87

-

1. 36
1. 33
1. 37

10
10
_
"

75
65
10
1

230
59
171

_
_
-

188
83
105
-

O rder f ille r s —
------------------------- ----------------- ------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------

_
.
-

23
12
11

10
2
8

19
3
16

30
3
27

12
12

30
30

5
4
1

1
1

_
12
8
4

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
"

177
177
177
_
"

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

P a ck ers, shipping -------------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------ -------....... -

144
70
74

1. 22
1. 18
1. 26

_
"

_
"

_
-

_
"

45
14
31

29
29

17
4
13

20
18
2

_
-

29
5
24

4
4

_
"

_
-

_
"

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

R eceivin g cle rk s ---------------------------------- -------- —
M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------- ------

67
34
33

1.56
1.53
1.59

_
-

_
"

_
"

_
-

_
-

n
11

9
1
8

6
4
2

6
6
-

11
2
9

16
6
10

4
4

2
2
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

Shipping c le r k s -----------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------

61
55

1.79
1.80

_

_

_

11
11

_
-

_
-

3
1

7
7

5
5

6
2

6
6

9
9

3
3

4
4

_

-

5
5

_

-

2
2

_

-

_
-

_

-

_
"

Shipping and receivin g cle rk s -----------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------------

63
50

1.86
1.87

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

3
3

10
10

8
8

9
8

12
3

7
6

1
1

4
4

2
2

1
1

1
1

_

"

2
2

_

-

1
1

-

T ru ck d river s 4 ------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing --------------------------------------P u blic u t ilit ie s 3 -------------------------------------

728
112
616
279

1.90
1.55
1.96
2. 43

_
-

7
7
"

21
21
-

_
"

60
3
57

56
11
45
-

14
12
2
-

18
11
7

_
-

71
24
47
-

20
8
12

34
24
10
~

22
14
8
-

32
32
-

120
2
118
66

3
3
1

4
4
1

23
3
20
20

19
19
-

-

181
23
158

1.53
1. 30
1.56

_
-

7
7

21
21

_

8
5
3

7
7

10
7
3

_
-

35
4
31

_
-

8
8

8
8

_
-

52
52

_
-

_

_

"

“

-

3
3

_

-

22
22

_

201
201
191

T ru ck d riv ers, light (under
tons) ------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------

_

3
3
-

-

-

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium ( 1 V 2 to and
including 4 tons) --------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------P u blic utilities 3 ------------------- — .........-

267
21
246
136

1.
1.
2.
2.

98
34
03
32

-

-

-

-

14
3
11
-

20
6
14
-

7
5
2
-

8
4
4
-

-

16
16
-

12
12
-

2
2
-

-

32
32
-

66
66
66

2
2
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

2
2
-

80
80
70

1
1
-

_
-

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------P u blic utilities 3 .............— ................. .

170
130
110

2. 36
2. 54
2. 53

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

18

14

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

4

-

4

2

3

-

14

3

-

-

_

-

-

1
1
-

18
18
18

1
1
-

92
92
92

18
18
_

_

-

1.97

-

-

60

-

-

-----------------------------

-

Watchman ---------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------

90
58
32

1. 16
1. 21
1. 05

7
7

13
12
1

21
18
3

_

_

.

.

.

-

4
4
“

3

-

13
11
2

.

-

29
13
16

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

3

"

“

"

"

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers (men) ----------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3 -------------------------------------

559
297
262
75

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(women) ---------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ---------------------------------------

l1/2

T ru ck ers, pow er (forklift)

1
2
3
4

$ 1.
1.
1.
1.

-

"

“

___

13

67
13
54

I
1

I

-

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a rd le ss o f size and type o f truck operated.




15
14

!

~

_
|___

.

-

-

26

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

"

"




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

9

Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r shift w o rk , and in esta b lish m en ts
actu a lly o p e ra tin g late shifts by type and am ount o f d iffe r e n tia l, C h a rlo tte , N. C. , A p ril I960)
In esta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

In e sta b lish m e n ts a ctu a lly
o p e ra tin g ----

Shift d iffe r e n tia l
T h ird o r other
shift w o rk

Secon d shift

T h ird o r other
shift

79. 1

62. 9

16.4

1 0.4

Secon d shift
w o rk

T o ta l

________________________________________________

W ith shift pay d iffe r e n tia l

37. 2

50. 2

6. 6

7. 6

--------------------------------

27. 4

33. 5

4. 5

6. 2

3 cen ts _______________________________________
5 cen ts ________________ _____________________
6 cen ts _______________________________________
7 cen ts _______________________________________
8 cen ts -----------------------------------------------------------10 cen ts
--------------------------------------------------------1 2 cen ts
_____________________________________
I 3 V 3 cen ts -----------------------------------------------------15 cents ______________________________________
2 1 V 3 cen ts ___________________________________

1. 7
9. 5
3. 8
2. 7
6. 2
1. 7
1. 8

_
20. 9
1. 7
3. 8
1. 3
1.4
2. 7
1. 7

.6
1. 6
.6
.7
.9
. 1

_
5. 0
.3
.2
. 1

-

.4
.2

____________________________

9. 8

8. 8

2. 1

1. 1

1V 2 p e r c e n t
------------------------------------------------2 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------------3 p e r c e n t _ ---------------------------------------------------4 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
7 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
9 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------

2. 3
3 .4
3. 1
1. 0

2. 3
3 .4
-

.2
.9
-

-

.2
1. 0
.6
.3

-

1. 7

-

.

9. 8

2. 8

U n ifo rm cen ts (p e r hour)

U n iform p e r c e n ta g e

_______________________

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r re d u ce d h ou rs

--------------------

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r re d u c e d hours
plus cen ts d iffe r e n tia l
_____________________

No

shift pay d iffe r e n tia l

---------------------------------------

1 Inclu des e sta b lish m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g
though they w e re not c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g late s h ifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t.

-

4 1 .9

late sh ifts ,

3. 1

6. 2
12. 7

(2)

-

3

and e sta b lish m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te shifts even

10
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m e n tran ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o f fic e w o r k e r s , C h a rlo tte , N. C. , A p r il I960)
O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In e x p e rie n ce d ty p ists
N onm anufacturing

M anuf a c tu r i ng
M inim um w e e k ly s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u strie s

M anufacturing

B a se d on standard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f—
A ll
sch e d u le s

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

A ll
in d u s tries
40

A ll
sch ed u les

E sta b lish m en ts s t u d ie d ________________________________________

105

45

105

45

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m -----------------------$ 3 5 .0 0 and under $ 3 7 .5 0 __________________________________
$ 37. 50 and under $ 40. 00 __________________________________
$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 4 2 . 50 __________________________________
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 4 5 . 00 ---------------------------- -------------------$ 4 5 . 00 and under $ 4 7 . 50 __________________________________
$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 5 0 .0 0 __________________________________
$ 50. 00 and under $ 52. 50 --------------------------------- — ---------$ 5 2 .5 0 and under $ 5 5 .0 0 __________________________________
$ 5 5 .0 0 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 57. 50 and under $ 60. 00 -------------------------------------------- ----$ 60. 00 and under $ 62. 50 __________________________________

30
1
10
4
5
4
2
2
1
1

12
5
2
2
2
1

11
5
2
2
1
1

18
1
5
4
3
4
1
"

5
1
1
1
1
1
-

12
4
3
1
3
1
-

52
1
1
17
8
8
6
6
2
1
2

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------

6

5

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

11

8

E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o rk e rs
in this c a t e g o r y ------------------------------------------------------------------------

69

28

XXX

XXX

XXX

42

17

41

XXX

XXX

A ll
sch ed u les

40

20
8
1
2
2
4
2
1

XXX

60

37V2

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ou rs 3 of—

60

XXX

40

37 V 2

XXX

XXX

32
1
1
9
7
6
4
2
1
1

6
1
2
1
2
-

XXX

3

XXX

XXX

XXX

25

XXX

XXX

18
8
2
2
4
1
1

23
1
7
5
2
4
2
1
1

1 L o w e s t s a la r y rate f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o rk e rs fo r typing o r o th er c le r i c a l jo b s .
2 R a tes a p p lica b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a re not c o n s id e r e d .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w o rk w eek f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a r e p re s e n te d fo r all w o rk w eek s c om b in ed , and f o r the m o s t co m m o n w ork w eek s r e p o r te d .

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by sch ed u led w eek ly hours
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , C h arlotte, N .C ., A p ril I960)

OFFICE WORKERS
W eekly hours

All industries1

Manufacturing

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________

100

100

U nder 37*/z h o u r s _______________________________
37*/2 h o u r s _______________________________________
O ver 373/2 and under 40 h ou rs _________________
40 h ours _________________________________________
O ver 40 and under 45 h o u r s ____________________
45 h ou rs _________________________________________
O ver 45 and under 48 h o u r s ____________________
48 h ours ---------------------------------------------------------------50 h ou rs _________________________________________

_
25
4
68
2
1
1
“

.
23
_
75
_
2
_

1
2
3
4

-

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

100

10Q

100

31
_
68

(4)

2
1
_
61
6

1
3
_
65
4

~

1
17
3

1
17
-

1
_
_

9

Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le trade; re ta il trad e; fin a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
T ra n sp orta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er public u t ilitie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , re a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




9

Public utilities 2
100

84
5
11

'

11
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by n um ber o f paid h olid ays
p ro v id e d annually, C h a rlo tte , N. C. , A p r il I960)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
paid h olid a y s ------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h olid ays --------------------------------------------

All industries 1

Manufacturing

PLAN T W ORKERS

Public utilities2

All industries 3

100

100

100

100

98

98

100

2

2

3
2
34
1
33
16
6
3

8

5
28
5
24
14
14

3
9
25
58
59
93
95
98
98
98
98

.
14
28
52
57
85
90
96
96
96
98

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

70

58

100

30

42

-

9
6
23
3
13
13
4
-

12
1
20
3
9
9
4
-

.
4
17
30
32
55
61
67
67
68
70

4
13
22
25
45
46
52
52
54
58

Number of days
U nder 4 h olid a ys --------------------------------------------4 h olid a ys --------------------------------------------------------5 h olid a y s --------------------------------------------------------5 h olid a ys plus 1 h a lf day ------------------------------6 h olid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------7 h olid a y s --------------------------------------------------------8 h olid a ys --------------------------------------------------------8 h olid a y s plu s 1 h alf day -------------------------------

„
1
3
49
47

-

-

3
5

-

38
53

-

-

Total holiday time4
8 V 2 o r m o r e days -------------------------------------------8 o r m o r e days ------------------------------------------------

7 o r m o r e days -----------------------------------------------6 o r m o r e days -----------------------------------------------5 l / z o r m o r e days -------------------------------------------5 o r m o r e days -----------------------------------------------4 o r m o r e days -----------------------------------------------3 o r m o r e days -----------------------------------------------2 o r m o r e days -----------------------------------------------1 V 2 o r m o r e days -------- ----------------------------------1 o r m o r e days ------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
no h alf

-

47
96
96
99
100
100
100
100
100

_

53
91
91
97
100
100
100
100
100

In clu des data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; re ta il tra d e; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
T ra n sp orta tion , com m u n ica tion , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu des data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e, re ta il tra d e, re a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
A ll com b in a tion s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a re com b in ed ; for exa m p le, the p ro p o rtio n o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
da ys, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf da ys, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d ays, and so on.
P r o p o r tio n s w e re then cum ulated.




12
Table B-5. Paid Vacations

(P e rc e n t d istribution of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, C harlotte, N. C. , A pril I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A ll w o r k e r s

________________________________________

Public utilities 2

All industries ^

Manufacturing

All industries *

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
97
2
-

99
86
13
-

100
100
-

85
68
16
1
-

79
49
30
-

100
100
-

(4 )

1

~

15

21

■

10
39
5
1

17
40
12
3

33
-

21
11
2
4

42
-

-

13
19
1
2

(4 )
50
-

1
25
73
-

89
11
-

4
60
2
19
-

4
52
3
20
-

71
29
-

1
17
2
79
-

_
18
13
69
-

3

4

39
5
38

43
6
26

36
5
59
'

1
16
2
80

14
86
-

Public utilities 2

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s
--------------------- ---------------------------- L e n g th -o f-tim e pa ym en t
------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t -------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------- ----------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ----- -----------------------------------------

Amount of vacation p a y 5
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w eek
_______________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w eeks
--------------------------------------------------------------------

_

.

-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w eek
______________________________________
1 w eek
____ _________ ________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------- ---------------- ----------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------

47

3

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w eek
______________________________________
1 w eek
---------------------------------------------------------------- —
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________

(4 )
12

4

81

3

“

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------1 w eek
______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eeks
-------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------

(4 )
10
(4 )
87

3

-

3

4

26
10
46
-

34
14
26

82

-

“

2
12

1
15

3
3

15

3

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w eek
--------------------------------------------------- —
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------w e e k s ______________________________________________

3

See footnotes at end of tab le.




1

-

4

5

5

(4 )
89

2
91
-

-

(4 )

3
2

95
-

3
63
3
1

3
57
3

-

94

-

13
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v is io n s , C h a rlo tte , N. C . , A p r i l I96 0 )

PLANT WORKERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

V acation p o licy

All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

Amount of vacation pay5 — Continued

A fter 10 y ea r s of ser v ice
Under 1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------------------1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s -------------------------------------------2 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s -------------------------------------------3 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ___________________
4 w eek s _____________________________________________________________
A fter 15 y ea r s of ser v ice
Under 1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------------------1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ___________________
2 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s ___________________
3 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ___________________
4 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------A fter 20 y ea r s of ser v ice
Under 1 w eek -------------------------------------------------1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ----------------------------2 w eeks _______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s ----------------------------3 w eek s ----------------------------------------- -----------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ----------------------------4 w eeks _______________________________________
A fter 25 y e a r s of ser v ice
Under 1 w eek -------------------------------------------------1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ---------------:------------2 w eek s _______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks —............ .....................
3 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ----------------------------4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------

(4)
4
-

79
_
12
3
2
(4)
4
_

38
53
3
2
(4 )
4
_
38
_

49
3
6

(4)
4
_
38
_
45
3
10

1
5
_
71
_
22
_

-

1

5

1
15
2
50
3
7

3
97

(4 )

2
12
3
57
2
10

-

-

.

_

5
_
95
_

_

-

_

-

_
_

2
12
1
33
2
34

1
15
2
36
2
23

3
_
14
_
83

_

49
44

5
_
21
75

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
12
1
33
2
27
_
8

1
15
2
36
2
20
_
3

3
_
14
_
62
_
21

2
12
1
33
1
25
10

1
15

_

1

5

-

49
_
42
_
2
1

5

_

48

_

32
-

14

5
_
21
_
75
_

_

5
_
21
_
75
-

_

_

_

3
_

2
36

14

_

_

62

20
4

-

21

1
2
3

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n and d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s
s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .

4

N O T E : In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a ll o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t im e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m
t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .




in d ic a t e d at

p a y m e n ts,

w ere

10 y e a r s '

co n v e r te d

14
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r i l I9 6 0 )

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e fit

All industries1

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

100

2

All industries

3

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

2

100

Public utilities

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e _______________________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 4 ___________________________

94

92

87

86

90

89

69

72

43

59

53

66

72

76

97

64

54

87

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e -------------S ic k le a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r io d ) _____________________________
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r io d ) _____________________________

25

44

18

47

46

33

53

51

70

16

10

32

7

2

25

5

-

31

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e _____________________
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ------------------------------- ----------C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e _________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ------------------------------------N o h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n --------

89
89
29
50
69

86
86
29
37
59

77
77
59
59
74

79
79
20
20
41
10

79
79
22
14
31
9

76
76
32
27
83

3

7

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n fo r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




le a s t

15

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job d escriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (hilling machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc., which are
com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping m achine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— K eeps a s e t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more p hases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping- P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent's b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B — Under supervision, perform s one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accou n t­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­

ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B — Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th at h as
already been classified or which is easily identifiab le, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to resp ective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




CLERK, PAYROLL
Com putes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing inform ation such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and to tal w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathem a­
tic al com putations. T his job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in w hich, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other du ties.

DUPLICATtNG-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilities, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

17

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and im portant or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own in itiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more p ersons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptio nist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular d u ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this w orker's time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A — O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of step s to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
C lass B — O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.
C lass C— O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

18

TYPIST

TYPIST—-Continued

U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l or to m a k e
o u t b ill s a fte r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M ay in ­
c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a ts , or s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r u s e in d u p lic a t ­
in g p r o c e s s e s . M ay d o c l e r ic a l w ork in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a in in g ,
s u c h a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r ts , or s o r tin g
and d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.

C lass A — P e r fo r m s one or more o f the follow ing: T y p in g m a­

te r ia l in fin a l form w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a te r ia l from s e v e r a l
s o u r c e s or r e s p o n s ib ilit y for c o r r e c t s p e lli n g , s y ll a b i c a t io n , p u n c -

tuation, e tc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniform ity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tab les already se t up and spaced properly.

PR O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
( A s s i s t a n t d r a ftsm a n )
D ra w s to s c a l e u n its or p a r ts o f d r a w in g s p re p a r ed b y d r a ft s ­
m an or o th e r s for e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s .
U s e s v a r io u s ty p e s o f d r a ftin g t o o ls a s r e q u ir e d . M ay p re p a r e d r a w in g s
from s im p le p la n s or s k e t c h e s , or p erform o th er d u tie s u n d er d ir e c t io n
o f a d r a ftsm a n .

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P la n s a n d d ir e c t s a c t i v i t i e s o f o n e or m ore d r a ftsm e n in p re p ­
a r a tio n o f w o rk in g p la n s a n d d e t a il d r a w in g s from ro u gh or p r e lim in a r y
s k e t c h e s for e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s . D u t ie s
in v o lv e a combination o f the follow ing: In te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts , s k e t c h e s ,
and w r itte n or v e r b a l o r d e r s; d e te r m in in g w ork p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s ig n i n g
d u tie s to s u b o r d in a te s a n d in s p e c t in g th e ir w ork ; p er fo rm in g m ore d if­
fic u lt p r o b le m s . M ay a s s i s t s u b o r d in a te s d u rin g e m e r g e n c ie s or a s a
r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t, or p erform r e la te d d u tie s o f a s u p e r v is o r y or a d ­
m in is tr a tiv e n a tu r e .

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g p la n s a n d d e t a il d r a w in g s from n o t e s , ro u g h
or d e t a ile d s k e t c h e s for e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu r in g pur­
p o s e s . D u tie s in v o lv e a combination o f the following: P r e p a r in g w o r k ­
in g p la n s , d e t a il d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . , to s c a l e b y u s e
o f d r a ftin g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g e n g in e e r in g c o m p u ta tio n s s u c h a s t h o s e




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in draw ings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lin es and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accid en t on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' inju ries; keeping records of p atien ts
treated; preparing accid en t reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting too ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

19
M A IN TE N A N C E

D POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power too ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired througn a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
v alves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves m ost o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and m easuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ie f engineers in establishm ents
em ploying more than one engineer are excluded




.

HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; assistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeym an. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b a sis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves m ost o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult m achining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feed s, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le c t proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves m ost o f the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

20

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and m echan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making all n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to s tre sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER

L ubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipe fittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from draw ings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with sto ck s and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressu res,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber's snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elv es, lockers, tanks, v entilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other sp ecificatio n s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sh eetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die m aker's
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U S T O D IA L AND M A T E R IA L M O VEM EN T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

T ransports passengers betw een floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fix tu res;p o lish ­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

22

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting dev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or w heelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, custom ers*
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related du ties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or ind u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of e sta b ­
lishm ents such a s: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail estab lish m en ts, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers’ houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout h elpers, make minor m echanical rep airs, and keep
truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c lassified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l/2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : I960 0 —554385

Occupational Wage Surveys
O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor m arkets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese b u lletin s, when available,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, W ashington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Baltimore, Md., September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*7, price 15 cents
Boston, Mass., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*10, price 25 cents
Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265*31, price 25 cents
Cleveland, Ohio, September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*1, price 20 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*11, price 25 cents
Des Moines, Iowa, February I960—BLS Bull. 1265*30, price 25 cents
Detroit, Mich., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265*25, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, Tex., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265*22, price 25 cents
Jackson, Miss., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265*26, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, Fla., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*14, price 25 cents
Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265*23, price 25 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265*19t price 25 cents
Miami, Fla., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*6, price 20 cents
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265*21, price 25 cents
St.
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265*28, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*16, price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, Pa., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*12, price 20 cents
Richmond, Va., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265*24, price 25 cents
St. Louis, Mo., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—Riverside—Ontario,Calif., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265*15,price 25 cents
San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265*17, price 25 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*2, price 25 cents
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265*29, price 20 cents
Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*18, price 25 cents
York, Pa., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265*27, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102