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Occupational Wage S

BUFFALO, NEW YORK
DECEMBER 1964

1 4 3 0 -3 6




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TIST IC S
Ewan C laau e, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
BUFFALO, NEW YORK




DECEMBER 1 9 6 4

Bulletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 3 6
March 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

politan areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presen ts
in form ation which has been p ro je c te d fro m individual m etrop olitan
a rea data to re la te to econ om ic regio n s and the United States.

Th e Bureau o f L ab or S tatistics p ro g ra m o f annual occupa­
tion al w age su rveys in m etrop olita n a reas is d esign ed to p ro vid e data
on occupational ea rn in gs, and establishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem en­
ta ry w age p ro v is io n s . It y ield s d etailed data by se le c te d industry
d ivision s fo r each o f the areas studied, fo r econ om ic re g io n s , and
fo r the United States. A m a jo r con sid eration in the p ro g ra m is the
need fo r g r e a te r insight into (1) the m ovem en t o f w ages by occupational
c a te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (Z) the stru ctu re and le v e l of w ages
among areas and industry d ivisio n s.

E igh ty-tw o areas c u rre n tly are included in the p ro g ra m .
In form ation on occupational earnings is c o lle c te d annually in each
area. In form ation on establishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age
p ro v is io n s is obtained b ien n ia lly in m ost o f the areas.
T h is bulletin p resen ts resu lts o f the su rvey in B u ffalo, N. Y . ,
in D ecem b er 1964. It w as p rep a red in the B ureau's regional! o ffic e
in N ew Y o rk , N. Y. , by John J. Brennan, under the d ire c tio n of
H arold A. B a rletta . Th e study w as under the g e n e ra l d irectio n o f
F r e d e r ic k W. M u e lle r, A ssistan t R egio n a l D ir e c to r fo r W ages and
In du strial R elation s.

At the end of each su rvey , an individual a re a bu lletin presen ts
su rvey resu lts fo r each a rea studied. A fte r com p letion of a ll o f the
individual a rea bulletins fo r a round of su rveys, a tw o -p a rt sum m ary
bulletin is issued. The fir s t p art b rin gs data fo r each o f the m e tr o ­

Contents

Page

Introduction_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
W age trends fo r selected occupational grou p s________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1
4

T ables:
1.
Z.

A.

Establishm ents and w o rk e rs w ithin scope of su rvey and number studied_________________________________________________________________________
Indexes of standard w e e k ly s a la rie s and s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s e lected occupational grou ps, and
p ercen ts o f in crea se fo r se le c te d p e r io d s ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
O ccupational e a rn in g s :*
A - 1.
O ffic e occupations—
SMS A— en and w o m e n ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
m
A - l a . O ff ic e o c c u p a t io n s —E r i e C o u n t y -m e n and w o m e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A - lb . O ffic e occupations— ia g a ra County— en and w o m e n _______________________________________________________________________________________
N
m




* NOTE:

S im ila r tabulations are availab le fo r other a rea s.

(See inside back c o v e r .)

C u rren t re p o rts on occupational earnings and supplem entary w age p ra c tic e s in the B u ffalo area,
a re also availab le fo r the m a ch in ery indu stries (A p r il 1964) and auto d e a le r re p a ir shops (Septem ber
1964). Union s c a le s , in d ica tive o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , are a vailab le fo r building con stru ction , printing,
lo c a l-tra n s it operatin g e m p lo y ees, and m otortru ck d r iv e r s and h e lp e rs .

iii

3
3

5
8
9

Contents— Continued
Page
T able s— Continued
A.

O ccupational ea rn in g s*— Continued
A - 2.
P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations—
SMS A — en and w om en__________________________________________________________________________
m
A -2 a . P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations— r ie County— en and w o m e n __________________________________________________________________
E
m
A -2 b . P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations— ia g a ra County— en and w om en_______________________________________________________________
N
m
A - 3.
O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ica l occupations—
SMS A— en and w om en com bined____________________________________________________
m
A -3 a . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ica l occupations— r ie County— en and wom en com bined _____________________________________________
E
m
A -3 b . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical occupations— ia g a ra County— en and w om en com bined_________________________________________
N
m
A -4 .
M aintenance and pow erplan t occupations— M S A ____________________________________________________________________________________________
S
A -4 a . M aintenance and p ow erplan t occupations— r ie County_____________________________________________________________________________________
E
A -4 b . M aintenance and p ow erplan t occupations— ia g a ra C ou nty________________________________________________________________________________
N
A - 5.
C u stodial and m a te r ia l m ovem ent occupations— SA______________________________________________________________________________________
SM
A -5 a . C u stodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t occupations— r ie C ou nty______________________________________________________________________________
E
A -5 b . C u stodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t occupations— ia g a ra County___________________________________________________________________________
N

10
11
11
12
13
13
14
15
16
17
19
20

E stablishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p r o v is io n s :*
B - 1. M inim um entrance s a la rie s fo r wom en o ffic e w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________________________________________
B -2 . Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled w e e k ly h o u rs _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B -4 . P a id h o lid a ys_____________
B -5 . P a id v a c a tio n s ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B -6 . H ealth, in su ran ce, and pension plan s_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B -7 . P a id sipk l e a v e __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B -8 . P r o fit- s h a r in g p la n s ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

21
22
23
24
25
27
28
29

A ppendixes:
A. Changes in occupational d e s c rip tio n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B. O ccupational d e s c rip tio n s ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

31
33

B.




iv

Occupational Wage Survey—Buffalo, N.Y.
Introduction
T h is a re a is 1 o f 82 in which the U. S. D epartm ent o f Labor*s
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts su rveys o f occupational earnings
and re la te d w age ben efits on an a rea w id e b a sis.
In this a re a , data
w e r e obtained by p erson a l v is its o f Bureau fie ld econ om ists to r e p ­
re sen ta tive establishm ents within s ix broad industry d ivisio n s: Manu­
factu rin g; tran sp ortation , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s ;
w h o lesa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; finance, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in du stry groups excluded fr o m these studies a re
go vern m en t operation s and the constru ction and e x tra c tiv e in d u stries.
E stablishm ents having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs a re
om itted because they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the
occupations studied to w a rra n t in clu sion .
Separate tabulations a re
p ro vid ed fo r each o f the broad industry d ivisio n s which m eet pub­
lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

schedules (rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf hour) fo r which stra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a r e paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly earn in gs fo r th ese occupations have
been rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r.
The a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e fle c t com p osite, area w id e estim a tes.
In d u stries and establish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffing and,
thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim a tes fo r each job .
The pay
relation sh ip obtainable fr o m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t a ccu ra tely
the w age spread o r d iffe re n tia l m aintained among jobs in individual
establish m en ts. S im ila r ly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r men
and w om en in any o f the se le c te d occupations should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay treatm en t o f the sexes w ithin individual e s ­
tablish m en ts. O ther p o s s ib le fa c to rs which m ay contribute to d iffe r ­
ences in pay fo r m en and wom en include: D iffe re n c e s in p ro g re s s io n
w ith in estab lish ed rate ran ges, since only the actual rates paid in ­
cumbents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d ,
although the w o rk e rs a re a p p ro p ria tely c la s s ifie d within the sam e
su rvey job d e scrip tio n . Job d escrip tion s used in c la s s ify in g em p loyees
in th ese su rveys a re usually m o re g e n e ra liz e d than those used in
individual establishm ents and a llow fo r m in or d iffe re n c e s among e s ­
tablishm ents in the s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .

T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple basis because of
the u n n ecessary cost in v o lv e d in su rveyin g a ll estab lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um cost, a g r e a te r p rop ortion o f
la r g e than o f sm a ll establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w ever, a ll establishm ents a re g iven th e ir a p p rop ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishm ents studied a r e p resen ted , th e re fo re ,
as rela tin g to a ll establishm ents in the industry grouping and a rea ,
except fo r those b elow the m inim um s iz e studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in a ll
establishm ents w ithin the scope o f the study and not the num ber actu ally
su rveyed . B ecause o f d iffe re n c e s in occupational stru ctu re among e s ­
tab lish m en ts, the estim a tes o f occupational em ploym ent obtained fro m
the sam ple of establishm ents studied s e rv e only to in dicate the r e la tiv e
im p ortan ce o f the job s studied.
T h ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational
stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the accu ra cy o f the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings *
3
The occupations se le c te d fo r study a r e com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing in d u stries, and a re o f the
follow in g types: ( l ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) cu stodial and m a te ria l m o v e ­
m ent.
Occupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set o f job
descrip tion s design ed to take account o f in teresta b lish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties w ithin the sam e job .
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study
a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
E arn in gs data fo r som e o f
the occupations lis te d and d e s c rib e d a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r ie s
tables because e ith e r (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to p ro vid e enough data to m e r it p resen tation , o r (2) th ere is p o s s i­
b ility o f d is c lo s u re o f individual establish m en t data.

E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v is io n s
In form a tion is p resen ted (in the B - s e r ie s tab les) on selected
establish m en t p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro visio n s as they
re la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tra tiv e , execu tive, and
p ro fe s s io n a l em p lo yees, and fo rc e -a c c o u n t construction w o rk e rs who
a re u tiliz e d as a sep arate w o rk fo r c e a r e excluded. "O ffic e w o r k e r s "
include w orkin g s u p e rv is o rs and n on su p ervisory w o rk e rs p e rfo rm in g
c le r ic a l o r re la te d functions.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " include w orkin g fo r e ­
men and a ll n on su p ervisory w o rk e rs (including leadm en and tra in e e s )
engaged in n on office functions. C a fe te ria w o rk e rs and routem en a re
excluded in m anufacturing in d u stries, but included in nonmanufactur­
ing in d u stries.

Occupational em ploym ent and earn in gs data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w eek ly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s ific a tio n .
E arnings data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h olid ays, and
la te shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses a re excluded, but c o s t- o f- liv in g
bonuses and in cen tive earnings a re included. W h ere w e e k ly hours a re
rep o rted , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, re fe r e n c e is to the w ork




M inim um entrance s a la rie s (ta b le B - l ) re la te only to the e s ­
tablishm ents v is ite d . Th ey a re p resen ted in te rm s o f establishm ents
w ith fo rm a l m inim um entrance s a la ry p o lic ie s .

1

2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (ta b le B -2 ) a re lim ite d to plant w o rk e rs
in m anufacturing in d u stries.
Th is in fo rm a tio n is p resen ted both in
te rm s o f (1) estab lish m en t p o lic y , 1 p resen ted in te rm s o f to ta l plant
w o rk e r em ploym ent, and (2) e ffe c tiv e p ra c tic e , p resen ted in te rm s of
w o rk e rs actu ally em ployed on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In establish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe re n tia ls , the amount
applying to a m a jo r ity was used o r, i f no amount applied to a m a jo rity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n " o th e r ” was used. In establish m en ts in which som e
la te -s h ift hours a re paid at n o rm a l ra te s , a d iffe r e n tia l was re c o rd e d
only i f it applied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift hours.
The scheduled w eek ly hours (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r ity o f the
fir s t - s h ift w o rk e rs in an estab lish m en t a r e tabulated as applying to
a ll of the plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs o f that estab lish m en t. P a id h olid a ys;
paid va ca tio n s; health, insurance, and pension plans; and p ro fit-s h a rin g
plans (ta b les B -4 through B -8 ) a r e tre a te d s ta tis tic a lly on the basis
that these a re applicab le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs i f a m a jo r ity
o f such w o rk e rs a re e lig ib le o r m ay even tu ally qu alify fo r the p r a c ­
tic e s lis te d . Sums o f in dividu al ite m s in tab les B -2 through B -8 m ay
not equal totals because o f rounding.
Data on paid holidays (ta b le B -4 ) a re lim ite d to data on
holidays granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e . , (1) a re p rovid ed
fo r in w ritte n fo rm , o r (2) have been estab lish ed by custom . H olidays
o r d in a rily granted a r e included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
w orkday, even i f the w o rk e r is not gran ted another day o ff. The f ir s t
p a rt o f the paid h olidays table p resen ts the num ber o f w hole and h a lf
h olidays actu ally granted. The second p a rt com bin es w hole and h alf
h olidays to show to ta l h oliday tim e .
The su m m ary o f va ca tio n plans (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o lic ie s , excluding in fo rm a l arran gem en ts w h ereb y tim e o ff
w ith pay is granted at the d is c re tio n o f the e m p lo y e r.
Separate
estim a tes a re p ro vid ed a cco rd in g to e m p lo y e r p ra c tic e in com puting
va ca tio n paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, p ercen t o f annual earn in gs,
o r fla t-s u m amounts.
H o w ever, in the tabulations o f va ca tion pay,
paym ents not on a tim e basis w e re con verted to a tim e b a s is ; fo r
exam ple, a paym ent o f 2 p e rcen t o f annual earnings was con sid ered
as the equ ivalen t of 1 w e e k 's pay.

com pany and those p ro vid ed through a union fund o r paid d ir e c t ly by
the e m p lo y e r out o f cu rren t op era tin g funds o r fro m a fund set aside
fo r this pu rpose.
D eath ben efits a re included as a fo r m o f life
insurance.
Sickness and accid en t insu rance is lim ite d to that type o f
insurance under which p red eterm in ed cash paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the in su red on a w e e k ly o r m onthly b a sis du ring illn e s s o r acciden t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p resen ted fo r a ll such plans to which the
e m p lo y e r con trib u tes. H o w ever, in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e rs e y , which
have enacted te m p o ra ry d is a b ility insu rance law s which re q u ire e m ­
p lo y e r contribu tions, 2 plans a re included only i f the e m p lo y e r (1) con ­
3
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly req u ired , o r (2) p ro v id e s the em p loyee
w ith ben efits w hich ex ceed the req u irem en ts o f the law . Tabulations
o f paid sick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 3 which p ro v id e
fu ll pay o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay du ring absence fr o m w ork
because o f illn e s s .
Separate tabulations a re p resen ted a ccord in g to
(1) plans w hich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p erio d , and (2) plans
w hich p ro v id e e ith er p a rtia l pay o r a w aitin g p erio d .
In addition
to the p resen ta tion o f the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs who a re p ro vid ed
sickn ess and acciden t insu rance o r paid sick le a v e , an unduplicated
to ta l is shown o f w o rk e rs who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both types o f b en efits.
C atastroph e insu rance, so m etim es r e fe r r e d to as extended
m e d ic a l insu rance, includes those plans which a re design ed to p ro te c t
em p lo yees in case o f sickn ess and in ju ry in v o lv in g expenses beyond
the n o rm a l c o v e ra g e o f h osp italization , m e d ic a l, and s u rg ic a l plans.
M e d ic a l in su ran ce r e fe r s to plans p ro vid in g fo r co m p lete o r p a rtia l
paym ent o f d o c to rs ' fe e s .
Such plans m ay be u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ran ce com panies o r n on profit o rga n iza tio n s o r they m ay
be s e lf-in s u re d . Tabulations o f re tire m e n t pension plans a re lim ite d
to those plans that p ro v id e m onthly paym ents fo r the rem a in d er o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

D ata a re p resen ted fo r a ll health, insurance, and pension
plans (ta b les B -6 and B -7 ) fo r which at le a s t a p a rt o f the co st is
borne by the em p lo y e r, exceptin g only le g a l req u irem en ts such as
w o rk m en 's com pensation, s o c ia l secu rity, and r a ilro a d re tire m e n t.
Such plans include those u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e rc ia l insurance

P r o fit- s h a r in g plans (ta b le B -8 ) a re lim ite d to fo r m a l plans
with d e fin ite fo rm u la s fo r com puting p r o fit sh ares to be d istrib u ted
among em p lo yees and whose form u la s w e r e com m unicated to e m ­
p lo y e e s in advance o f the d eterm in a tio n o f p ro fits . Data are presen ted
a ccord in g to p ro v is io n s fo r d istrib u tin g p r o fit sh ares to e m p lo y e e s :
(1) C u rren t o r cash d istrib u tio n o f p r o fit shares w ithin a sh ort p erio d
a fte r d eterm in a tio n o f p r o fits ; (2) d e fe r r e d d istrib u tion o f p r o fit shares
a fte r a s p e c ifie d num ber o f y e a r s o r at re tire m e n t; (3) com bination
cu rren t and d e fe r r e d plans; and (4) e le c tiv e d istrib u tion plans, under
which each p articip an t is req u ired to s e le c t w hether to take his share
o f the cu rren t y e a r 's p r o fit in cash, have it d e fe rre d , o r p a rt in cash
and p a rt d e fe r r e d .

1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in
late shifts.

written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




it met either of the following
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
formal previsions covering
contributions.
if it (1 ) had operated late
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be

3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin scope of su rv e y and n u m ber studied in B u ffa lo (E r i e and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s), N . Y . , 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 D e c e m b e r 1964

M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

In du stry d iv isio n

A ll d iv is io n s ____________

W o r k e r s in establish m en ts
W ithin scope of study

W ithin
scope of
study 3

690

-

354
336

50
50
50
50
50

62
68
105
40
61

Studied

Studied

__________________________________________

M a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________________________
Nonm anufacturinp
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m un ication , and
other pu blic u tilities 5 ______________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e _
R e ta il tr a d e ______________________________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l estate
S e rv ic e s 8 _______________________________________________________

N u m b e r of establish m en ts

50

T otal 4

O ffice

P lan t

T o t a l4

195

222,200

31,100

153, 500

157,770

102
93

150,600
71,600

15,900
15,200

112,600
40,900

1 1 1 ,340
46,430

25
14
27
12
15

23, 100
5,600
26,000
9,500
7,400

4, 000

11,800
(!)
( 6)
( 7)
( 6)

(!)
(!)
(!)
( 6)

19,430
1,540
17,310
4, 560
3, 590

1
The B u ffa lo Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a co n sists of E r ie and N ia g a r a C ounties. T he " w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f study" estim ates shown in this table p ro v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c cu rate
d esc rip tio n o f the s iz e and co m position o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rv e y . T h e e stim ates are not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e rv e as a b a s is of c o m p a riso n w ith other em ploym ent indexes
fo r the a r e a to m e a s u re em ploym ent tren d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w a g e su rv e y s re q u ir e s the u se of e stab lish m en t data co m p iled c o n s id e ra b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p e rio d studied,
and (2) s m a ll estab lish m e n ts a re excluded fro m the scope of the su rv e y .
T he 1957 r e v is e d edition of the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M a n u a l w a s u se d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with total em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um lim itation. A ll outlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f com pan ies in such in d u strie s as tra d e , fin an ce, auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ic tu re th e a te rs a re c o n sid e re d as 1 estab lish m en t.
4 Includes ex e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s exclu d ed fro m the se p a ra te o ffic e and plant c a te g o rie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e excluded.
6 T h is in du stry d iv isio n is re p re s e n te d in e stim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e rie s B ta b le s . S ep arate p resen tatio n
of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m ploym ent in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e rit se p a ra te study, (2) the sam p le w a s
not d esign ed in itia lly to p e rm it se p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , (3) re sp o n se w a s in su fficien t o r inadequate to p e rm it se p a ra te p re sen tatio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re of in d ivid u al
establish m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fro m this en tire in du stry d iv isio n a r e re p re s e n te d in e stim ates fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fro m the r e a l estate p ortion only in
e stim ates fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S e p a ra te p re se n ta tio n of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re of the re a s o n s given in footnote 6 above.
8 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; autom obile r e p a ir shops; m otion p ic tu re s; n onprofit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (exclu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s); and en gin eerin g
and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2.

Indexes of standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r selected o ccupation al gro u p s in
B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964 and D e c e m b e r 1963,
and p e rc e n ts of in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
Indexes
(D e c e m b e r 1960=100)

Industry and occupation al grou p

A ll in d u strie s:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )_____
In d u stria l n u rse s (m en and w o m e n )__
S k illed m aintenance (m e n )______________
U n s k ille d plant (m e n ) ___________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )_____
In d u stria l n u rse s (m en and w o m e n )__
Skilled m aintenance (m e n )______________
U n s k ille d plant (m e n ) ___________________

P e r c e n t s of in c re a s e

D e c e m b e r 1963 D e c e m b e r 1962 D e c e m b e r 1961 D e c e m b e r I960 O cto ber 1959
to
D e c e m b e r 1964 D e c e m b e r 1963
to
to
to
to
D e c e m b e r 1964 D e c e m b e r 1963 D e c e m b e r 1962 D e c e m b e r 1961 D e c e m b e r I960

110.
109.
109.
112.

7
4
5
3

107.
105.
106.
108.

7
9
3
4

2.
3.
3.
3.

7
3
0
6

2.
1.
1.
2.

2
9
7
3

3.
1.
1.
3.

1
9
9
6

2.
2.
2.
2.

2
0
5
3

3.
5.
4.
4.

6
8
3
5

110. 1
108. 8
. 0
109. 6

106.
105.
105.
107.

8
4
9
7

3.
3.
2.
1.

2
2
9
8

1.
1.
1.
2.

6
9
5
6

2. 9
1.9
2. 0
3. 0

2.
1.
2.
1.

1
5
3
9

3.
6.
4.
4.

6
2
3
1

10 9

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical w orkers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical w orkers and industrial nurses, the p er­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B, The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled—carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and lab orers,
m aterial handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings w ere
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change m easure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
increases in pay received by individual w orkers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of w orkers employed by establishments
with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
w orkers would have the opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

Data presented in table 2 and all A -series tables
include, where applicable, the recently negotiated pay
increase for most nonoperating railroad employees. These
workers were granted 9 cents an hour retroactive to
January 1964.

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—SMSA—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n ,
B u ff a lo (S t a n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a ), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard]

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$
45

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
$
39.5 121.00 121.50
39.5 124.50 127.00
39.5 111.00 109.50
40.0 117.50 113.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------------------

306
217
89
54

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

92
64

39.5
39.5

CLERKS, ORCER ------------------------------------------

74

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

79
61

OFFICE BOYS ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

$
$
1C8.00-136.00
111.5C-139.00
1C5.50-122.00
1C8.00-127.50

98.00
106.50

98.00
104.50

83 .50 -1 15 .0 0
94 .00 -1 17 .0 0

40.0

113.50

115.50

124.00
126.00

125.50
128.00

115.00-141.00
11 1.0 0-142.00

105
71

39.0
39.0

67.50
67.00

63.50
62.50

5 7 . 5 0 - 8 5 . CC
5 5 . CC- 88.00

47

39.5

121.00

120.00

93
49

39.5
40.0

115.00
126.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MA C HI N E) -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

82
46

39.5
39.5

BILLERS, MAChINE IBGCKKEEPING
MA C HI N E) --------------------------------------------------

62

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------

55

S

$
60

65

70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$

$
90

95

s

$
ICO

105

$
110

$
115

$
120

$
125

$
130

$
135

S
14C

145
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1C5

110

115

120

125

130

135

14C

145

over

-

-

-

-

1
l
-

5
2
3

5
l
4

10
5
5

6
3
3

11
10
1

10
6
4

47
20
27
22

28
20
8
8

21
10
11
5

31
27
4
3

17
1C
7
7

32
24
8
5

32
32
-

37
33
4
4

13
13
~

3
-

5
-

4
1

_

_

2
2

5
4

18
12

5
4

3
3

9
9

10
9

4
2

1
i

-

-

14
10

l

-

1

“

3
3

3
3

8

9

-

2

5

12

21

-

-

11

3

1
-

_

_

1
1

7
6

3
3

4
4

3
3

3
3

16
6

13
7

2
2

l
1

22
22

2
2

-

3

5

4

3

2

2

5

7

55

6C

65

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

2
-

_

_

1C4.50-120.00

40.0
40.0

50

S

and
under
50

MEN

$

-

-

_

_

_
~

l
l

2
~

10
9

2
1

12
10

~

2
2

2

_

3

1

7

3

-

11
11

10
7

12
5

28
19

1C4.5C-141.00

-

-

-

-

111.00
131.50

105.50-132.50
117.50-138.50

_

_

_

_

84.00
90.00

86.00
95.50

65 .00 -1 0 4 .0 0
72 .00 -1 1 2 .0 0

6

4
2

2
2

9
5

11
2

3
2

2
2

39.0

63.00

61.00

57.00-

72.00

-

6

23

10

2

16

5

61

39.5

89.00

90.00

8 1 .5 0 -

98.00

-

-

-

-

3

9

142
56
86

39.0
40.0
38.5

72.50
74.00
71.00

74.50
74.00
75.00

6 5 . 0 0 - 79.00
6 5 .5 0 - 80.50
6 4 . 5 0 - 78.50

-

10
4
6

13

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

13

13
10
3

9
4
5

29
14
15

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

290
202
88

39.0
39.5
38.5

101.50
103.50
97.50

1C3.50
105.00
100.50

5 1 . 00 -1 13 .00
5 5 . 50 -1 13 .50
82 .50 -1 11 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 3--------------------------

518
247
271
34

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

77.50
84.00
71.50
101.50

74.50
82.50
70.50

-

39

-

38

45
15
3C

55
14
41

1 0 0 .0 0

6 4 . 0 0 - 88.50
6 5 . 5 0 - 98.00
6C.0 C- 78.50
5 C . 00-120.50

-

-

CLASS A --------------------------

50

39.0

83.00

82.00

6 7 .5 0 - 98.00

-

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

186
54
132

38.0
40.0
37.5

61.00
78.00
54.50

5 5 . 0C
76.50
52.50

5 0 .0 0 - 71.50
7 1 . 0 0 - 87.00
4 6 . 5 0 - 56.50

45

48

3

4
3

10

_

2
~

_

TAEULATING—
MACFINE CPERATCRS,

TAEULATING—
MACFINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

4
1

4

2

7

2

2

1

8

1 5

8

4

24

2

1

5

7
7

-

-

-

5

II
11

8
8

“

-

-

WOMEN

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

CLERKS,

FILE,

See footnotes at end of table.




_

-

-

45

1

1

47

-

-

2
2

2
2

5
5

15
1

1
1

15
15

11

8

10

10

1

4

4

43
10
33

9
8
l

10
10

1
1

2
2

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

„

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
l
6

18
7
11

26
17
9

17
7
10

17
15
2

28
24
4

46
29
17

37
32
5

34
28
6

22
22
-

17
9
8

1C
4
6

4
3
1

3
3
“

2
2

-

59
35
24
“

69
32
37
8

72
21
51
-

30
12
18

31
26
5
-

19
18
1
-

30
20
10
10

16
16
-

11
9
2
2

20
16
4
4

11
10
1
1

11
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

3

9

4

1

2

1

-

-

-

-

8
8
-

7
7
-

3
3
-

ll
11
-

4

2

4

2

7

2

7

7

27
3
24

8

7
6
1

16
15
1

-

8

~

4
4

-

-

_

-

1
1

1

9

“

9

-

-

~

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—SMSA—Men and Women----Continued
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a rea b asis by industry division,
Buffalo (Standard M etropolitan Statistical A re a ), N. Y. , D ecem ber 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

S

$
45
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range2

COMINUED

$

$

$

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

4

%

$

$

$

$

5C

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

12C

125

130

135

140

145

55

6C

65

7C

75

80

85

90

95

100

1C5

110

115

120

125

12C

135

140

145

over

125
122

8
8

6
6

8

4

1

-

1

1
1

_

5
5

1
1

-

1
1

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
~

9
9
-

10
10
-

4
4

8
8

4
4
-

3
3
“

11
10
1

2
2
“

-

-

~

-

and
under
50

WOMEN -

$

CLERKS* FILE, CLASS C -------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

153
136

38.5
38.0

$
54.50
52.50

$
53. CC
53.00

$
$
5 1 . 5 0 - 54.50
5 1 .5 0 - 54.00

-

CLERKS, (JROER-----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLR I N G ------------------------------

139
84
55

39.0
39.0
39.5

76.00
80.50
69.00

7 6 . CC
77.50
73.00

70 .0 0 - 79.00
7 4 .0 0 - 80.50
6 2 . 5 0 - 77.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------

2 76
195
81

39.0
39.0
39.0

85.50
91.00
73.50

83. OC
88.00
73.00

6 9 .0 0 - 98.50
76.C0-1C7.5C
6 3 .0 0 - 87.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFAC I UR I N G ------------------------------

319
169
150

39.5
40.0
39.5

76.50
78.50
74.50

74.50
77.00
71.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFAC TU R I N G ------------------------------

213
123
90

39.5
39.5
39.5

90.50
92.50
87.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

359
180
179

39.0
40.0
38.5

OFFICE G I R L S -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

90
56

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S3--------------------------

and

-

-

3

6

-

-

6

9
7
2

21
11
10

63
40
23

10
10

3

16
5
11

-

-

~
1
1

3
3

1C
3
7

31
16
15

31
21
10

11
3
8

41
31
10

19
14
5

25
18
7

21
13
8

20
14
6

9
9
“

12
11
1

65 .0 0 - 86.50
6 7 . 0 0 - 87.00
6 3 .5 0 - 8 6 . CC

5
5

19
7
12

25
17
12

26
14
12

41
12
25

43
26
17

30
25
5

37
19
18

37
19
18

6
6
“

13
7
6

11
2
9

9
3
6

-

91.50
91.00
94.00

8 2 . 0 0 - 1 0 0 . CO
8 4 .5 0 - 97.50
7 7 . 50 -1 01 .50

_
-

-

4
4

12
12

2
2

6
5
1

18
11
7

31
17
14

23
23
-

37
30
7

27
14
13

32
6
26

4
2
2

7
5
2

3
3
-

2
2
“

3
3

1
1
*

_
~

1
1
~

74.00
84.50
64.00

72.00
86.00
62.50

6 1 . 5 0 - 8 7 . CC
7 5 . CO- 96.00
5 5 . 5C- 69.50

6
6

38
2
36

35
5
30

40
6
34

49
16
33

29
17
12

35
18
17

22
21
1

36
33
3

13
9
4

37
37
-

11
8
3

5
5

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

39.0
39.5

62.50
63.00

60.50
60.00

54 • 0Q-" 68.00
5 6 . OC- 68.00

1
-

26
11

17
17

19
1C

9
8

4
3

7
2

2
l

2
2

3
2

1,167
855
312
62

39.5
39.5
38.5
38.5

102.00
104.00
96.50
114.50

103.00
105.50
92.50
118.00

87.50 -11 4.5 0
91.0 0- 11 4. 00
8 1 . 50 -1 15 .00
1C7.0C-130.50

1
1

1
1
-

21
16
5
-

21
11
1C

45
19
26
“

59
35
24
4

89
55
34
1

107
58
49
5

107
93
14
"

67
51
16
2

1G5
82
23
3

153
142
11
2

116
96
20
4

86
52
34
17

53
36
17
7

31
24
7
1

29
15
14
13

3C
25
5
2

9
8
1
1

STENCGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S3--------------------------

966
677
2 89
81

39.0
39.0
38.0
39.0

81.50
82.00
70 .00 - 93.00
83. UO 8 3 . OC 7 3 . 0 0 - 93.00
78.00
76.50
6 2 . 5 0 - 94.50
1 0 2 . 0 0 103.00 100.50-106.50

9
9

24
5
19

67
33
34

59
38
21

79
56
23

88
59
29

94
61
33

38
11
27
27

-

-

-

-

-

"

88
52
36
36

1
1
-

“

79
72
7
7

I
1
-

“

6?
50
12
2

4
4
-

-

1 12
83
29
6

8
8
-

~

153
143
10
3

-

-

STENCGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFAC T UR IN G ------------------------------

39C
252
138

39.5
40.0
39.5

9 8.00
103.50
87.50

98.50
101.50
85.50

87.50-1C5.0C
56.5C-110.50
7 7. 50 - 9 7 . CO

_

_

_

_

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

10

10

16
13
3

-

-

30
19
11

1
1

-

73
63
10

25
25

-

76
60
16

24
24

-

30
17
13

_

-

34
16
18

_

-

27
8
19

_

-

33
5
28

-

“

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A4------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

127
88

40.0
40.0

91.50
93.00

93.50
93.50

8 1 . 0 0 - 1 0 0 . OC
8 2 . C 0 - 1 0 2 .00

-

_

_

-

3

14
11

12
7

12
10

9

20
15

26
13

15
13

6
3

4
4

4
4

-

2

-

-

-

6

-

2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B4------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

108
95

39.0
39.0

67.00
65.00

65.00
61.00

5 6 .0 0 - 7 7 . OC
5 5 . CC- 75.50

4
4

19
15

24
24

7
6

14
12

6
5

18
15

4
4

1

1

1

9
6

SWlTChBOARC OPERATOR-RECEPTION ISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNM ANUF ACT U R I N G ------------------------------

278
146
132

39.0
39.5
39.0

78.50
81.50
75.00

78. 50
82.00
76.00

6 5 . 5C- 89.50
7 1 .5 0 - 93.50
6 6 . 5 0 - 85.00

-

13
13

15

10

1
1

-

-

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

10

34
19
15

1
1

19

34
11
23

_

-

43
25
18'

_

-

32
17
15

5

-

3

~

~

TABULAT ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------

49

39.5

97.00

1 0 0 . OC

87. CO-108.CO

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

2

1

~

1

-

TAeOLATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------------

70

38.0

78.00

76.50

6 8 . OC- 6 9 . 5C

-

6

-

2

16

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

161
54
107

39.0
39.0
39.0

69.50
85.00
62.00

68.50
90.00
58.00

5 5 .0 0 - 82.50
7 4 . 0 0 - 96.00
5 3 . 5C- 70.50

24

-

-

-

40

24

5
2
3

18

-

22
8
14

TRANSCRIBING—MACHINE CPERATCRS,
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------------------See footnotes at end of table,




_
-

-

_

-

40

5

13

-

-

-

28
11
17

24
21
3

12
5
7

22
2C
2

~

-

9

5

2

3

17

17

1

6

4

3

3

2

5
4
1

15
5
10

11

17
17

1

-

1

3
3
-

10
l

3

-

37
37

1
1

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—SMSA—Men and Women----Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division,
Buffalo (Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area), N. Y. , December 1964)
W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(s ta n d a rd )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

A v e ra g e
w e e k ly
h o u rs
(s ta n d a rd )

1

1

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

i

M e:

i

2
1

M e d ia n

2

M i d d le r a n g e

2

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

i

$

$

I

$

1

$

$

$

145

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

12C

125

130

135

140

55

6C

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145 over

1
1
-

11
3
8

30
7
23

40
16
24

66
48
18

49
44
5

35
35
-

34
21
13

59
47
12

23
23

5
5

7
7

2
2

4
4

274
43
231

151
42
145
4

144
67
77
6

82
60
22
2

75
62
13
7

60
51
9
3

39
37
2

34
32

3
27
3
8
- 1 9
- 1 9

7
7
7

and
under
50

*CMEN -

$

50

and

CCM IM E0
$
91.00
92.50
8 0 . CO

TYPISFb* CLASS A —
MANUFAC TU KING---NCNMANUFAC TLR ING

366
263
103

39.0
39.5
38.0

$
80.00
83.50
72.00

$
78.50
82.00
69.50

$
7C .5 074 .GO64.0G-

TYPISTS, CLAiS B
MANUFACTURING
NCNMANUFACTLR ING —
PUBLIC UTIL I TIES34
-

405
612
70

38.5
39.5
38.0
39.5

63.00
69.50
58.50
82.00

59.50
69.00
55.00
95.50

5 3 . 5C- 7 0 . CC
6 1 . 0C- 78.00
5 2 . CC- 60.50
6 3 . 0 0 - 1 0 0 . CO

71
71

10

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
10

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers.
The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the
higher rate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




8
Table A-la.

Office Occupations—Erie County—Men and W omen

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in m a n u fa c t u r in g , B u f f a lo ( E r i e C o u n ty ), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)
W e e k ly e a rn in g s

1

Num be r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

(s ta n d a rd )
N um ber

$

A v e ra g e
w e e k ly

$

of
w o rk e rs

h o u rs

$

$

$

$

$

55

1

M e d ia n

( s t a n d a rd )

2

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

60

Sex and occupation

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

3

-

-

7

2

3

1

-

-

-

1

4

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
100 105 110
120 125
130 135 140
115
145

and
under

and

105

110

115

10

5

12

9

4

2

1

5

1

-

2

l

1

2

2

120

125

135

140

145

13

8

16

8

8

1

6

9

22

32

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

2

5

-

1

1

22

2

4

1

5

1

4

9

8

_

1

15

_

1

~

~

~

~

130

over

MEN
CLERKS,

AC CE NT ING ,

CLASS A --------------

149

40.0

$
123.00

124.50

1C 9.5 0- 1 4 0 .0 0

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS B --------------

45

4C.0

101.00

101.00

9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 4 . 0 0

CLERKS,

PAYROLL ---------------------------------------

46

40.0

1 2 7 . OC 140.00

1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 4 3 .0 0

TAEULa TING-MACHINE GPERATCRS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------

39

40 .0

132.50

1 1 4 .0 0 - 1 3 9 .5 0

8lLLfckS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------------------

37

40 .0

90.50

92.50

67.50-

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------------------

27

39.5

64.50

59.50

57.50-

7 0 . 0 0 - 81.00

1

2

1

5

1

WOMEN

41

40 .0

75.50

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS A --------------

155

39.5

103.50

106.00

9 7.00-

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS B --------------

183

39.5

81.50

77.50

68.50-

93.50

CLERKS,

FI L E ,

CLASS b ---------------------------

4b

40 .0

76.00

75.00

70.50-

82.50

CLERKS,

ORDER -------------------------------------------

71

39.0

78.50

77.00

74.00-

79.50

CLERKS,

PAYROLL ---------------------------------------

151

39.0

88.00

84.00

75.50-

157

40. 0

75.50

75.50

65.50-

8 4 . 5G

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

CLASS A --------------

11C

40.0

91.00

90.50

83.50-

113.00

7

2

1

-

1
1

10

14

31

3

-

2

1

4

6

5

10

10

8

-

1

2

1

6

13

4

8

16

21

32

24

15

9

3

1

1

-

-

30

12

7

22

16

14

4

7

9

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

14

95.5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

-

99 .50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------

3

-

1

5

15

7 4 . OC

o
o

r~

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 0 ------------------------------------------------------

2

112.50

8

7

3

4

17

7

8

36

10

-

l

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

20

3

31

13

17

5

14

3

5

3

8

5

1

4

4

3

-

14

12

26

25

19

19

4

6

2

3

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

5

7

5
12

-

11

17

21

28

12

4

2

5

3

-

1

-

1

-

16

18

32

7

28

6

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

1

CLASS B --------------

151

40.0

83.00

85.00

74.00-

95.00

2

5

6

16

12

OFFICE GIRLS ---------------------------------------------

37

40.0

6 1 . 5C

59.00

55.00-

66.00

9

12

7

3

2

-

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------

616

39.5

101.00

101.50

87.50-

STENOGRAPHERS,

GENERAL ------------------------

511

39.0

82.50

83.00

72.00-

2

33

STENOGRAPHERS,

SENIOR ---------------------------

116

40.0

106.50

1C6.00

9 6 .5 0 -

SWITCHtCARC OPERATORS, CLASS A3--------

68

40.5

91.5 0

91.50

81.00-

SW ITCH BOARD UPERATUR-RECEPTICNISTS-

117

39.0

81.00

81.5 0

72.00-

92.50

TRANSCRibING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------

16

7

19

35

51

48

79

35

54

1C4

50

33

22

18

6

7

6

26

36

42

40

34

106

64

38

56

46

9

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 1 9 .CO

-

3

6

7

4

29

7

14

9

11

24

1

-

-

-

1

102.00

11

4

10

6

12

5

9

3

2

4

-

2

-

-

-

-

25

11

15

10

18

1

16

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

7

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

111.50
93.50

10

-

-

9

50

39.5

84.50

90. 50

73.50-

96.50

-

2

5

8

3

4

3

9

16

TYPISTS,

CLASS A -------------------------------------

189

39.5

84.50

82.50

7 5 . 0 0 - 9 3 . CO

-

5

12

29

35

28

15

32

17

TYPISTS,

CLASS B -------------------------------------

317

39.5

69.50

68.50

61.00-

52

51

47

28

29

28

3

8

78.CC

34

Standard hour s reflect the workweek for which employees receive their re gular straight-time sa lar ie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
F o r definition of ter ms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Description for this occupation has been revi sed since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




9
Table A-lb.

Office Occupations—N iagara County—Men and W omen

(Av era ge straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a r e a b as is
in manufacturing, Buffalo (N ia g a ra County), N. Y . , D ec em be r 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Num
ber
Sex and occupation

of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Num be r of w o r k e r s receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
$

s
50

M ean1
2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$
55

6C

65

$

$

S

70

75

$

$
80

85

$
90

$
95

$

$
100

105

$
110

$
115

$
120

$

S

125

130

$

S

135

140

and
under

145
and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

over

8

7

2

11

4

15

10

1

9

-

4

7

-

i

2

2

-

-

2

7

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

100

110

1

1

5

3

3

95

105

1

55

2

MEN

CL ERK 5 , ACCOUNTING,

CLASS A --------------

68

39.0

128.50 f s o . s o

$
$
1 1 8 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

WOMEN

CLERKS*

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS A --------------

47

39.6

103.00

100.50

9 3 .0 0 - 1 1 5 . 5 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

4

3

7

8

8

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS P --------------

64

39.C

91.50

96 .00

7 8 .0 0 - 1 0 5 . 0 0

-

5

-

4

2

9

5

4

2

6

12

1

l

8

3

1

44

CLTOl I A 1Lf
l)
j l UK t T AKlto
f tNUuKArrlLK
j lrrk.n.MAfiiifn r

n r 6 r na i
.
o tINtKAL

p 1m n r ,i a fieri) c
o t tNUbKArrltK j|

c c ' ir n
j t i \ ILK

— —
—

39.5

100.00

104.00

c i nn - i t d . U U
71.UU t o o fin

39.5

92. 50

96 .00

81.00-101.00

39. 5 112.00

110.50

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

166

r 1 ACC
uLAco

29
23

CLERK S * PAYROLL — — —
i/LVOln\,riJ flDCJ AT.1J C
l\t YrUlHn UrtK AIuKof

39.5

8 .00

82.50

75.50-

92.00

3

1

4.

136

40.0

101.00

101.00

SRITCE8GARD UPEKATOR-RECEP I I C N I S T S -

29

39.5

83.00

85.0 0

66.00-

99.50

3

1 Tr iO 1Of

ULMOO M

74

39.5

80 50

79 50

7dom DU— oo IU
cn_ 7C• r>n
i

1

TYPISTS*

CL Ab S d

8b

39.5

A7 UU— 7 q • An
rm. /o UU

6

2

14

10

14

16

37

19

12

16

13

31

56

-

19

21

2

3

4

3

4

4

9 6 .5 0 - 1 0 4 . 0 0
-

2

8
19

I

15

28

19

38
2

5

-

-

2

15

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their reg ula r straight-time sa lar ie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 F o r definition of te rms, see footnote 2, table A - l .




1
13

5

14

2

18
1

1
-

-

-

-

11

10
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—SMSA—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division,
Buffalo (Standard Metropolitan Statistical Are a) , N. Y., December 1964)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

(standard)

Number of workers rec eiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly

S
70

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
75

$
8C

$

$
85

9C

t

$
95

100

$

$
105

1 10

$
115

$
1 20

$

$
125

130

J

$
135

1 40

$
1 45

*
15 0

$

$

%
1 55

160

165

and
under

17C
and

80

85

90

95

100

105

11 0

l 15

120

125

13 0

135

140

14 5

1 50

15 5

16 0

16 5

17 0

over

5
1

75

10
2

11
10

16
9

1C
10

19
16

72
72

20

4 82
82

42
37
5

27
27

11

14

10

11

14

10

-

-

PEN
$
163.50

39.5

1 3 3 . 5C

134.00

39.5
3 9.0

1 3 3 . 5G
133.50

134.00
135.00

13 1 . 0 0 - 1 3 8 . CC

3 9.5
39.5

9 9.50
101.50

I C Q . 50
101.00

8 6 .C 0 -1C 6.50
8 5 .C C -1 1 2.50

6

39.5
39.5

110.00
1 1 1 .0 0

111.00
111.50

1 C 1 . 0 C - 1 2 0 . 50
1 0 2 . C O - 1 2 1 . 50

4

24 5
217

40 .0
4 0 .G

DRAFTSMEN,

555
491
64

216

16 5
156

C L A S S B3-

MAn UFACTUR I N G ----

NCNM AN UF AC T UR ING
CRAFTSMEN, CL A S S C 3MANLFACTUR I N G -----

323

$
$
1 5 7.5C -1 7 6 .5 C
16C .5C-178.C 0

$
164.00
166.50

CRAFTSMEN, C L A S S A3MA NU FAC TU RIN G -----

164.00

1 2 4.CC-143.50
122.50 -1 4 4.00

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

5
5

3

3

13
13

10
10
1

28
25

33

1

1

30

37

55

66

36

27
27
1

54

56

74

73

54

46

81
81

2C

10

27

“

25
6

30
18

34
27

54

46

15

33

23
19

9
9

10
10

8
8

6
5

5
5

4
4

10
10

11
11

11
9

20
20

21
21

24
23

22

17

13

18

16

13

4
4

5
5

5
5

ROMEN
NU R SE S, IN D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------- 4
3
2
1

1

1 St and ar d hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.
4 Workers were distributed as follows: 13 at $170 to $175; 28 at $175 to $180; 14 at $180 to $185; 3 at $185 to $190; and 24 at $190 to $195.




15

“
-

1
1

6
6
“

-

1
1

11
Table A-2a.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Erie County—Men and Women

(A v e ra g e straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a r e a basis
in manufacturing, Buffalo ( E r i e County), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)

1
2
3
4

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regu la r straight-time sala ri es and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
F or definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
W or ke rs w ere distributed as follows: 9 at $ 170 to $ 175; 27 at $ 175 to $ 180; 11 at $ 180 to $ 185; 2 at $ 185 to $ 190; and 19 at $ 190 to $ 195.

Table A-2b. Professional and Technical Occupations—Niagara County—Men and Women
(A v e ra g e straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a r e a basis
in manufacturing, Buffalo (N i a g a r a County), N. Y. , D e c e m be r 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex and occupation

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Nu mb er of w or k er s receiving straight- time ’weekly earnings of—
$

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

i

T J
T
85
Under
^
and
85
under
90

S

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

9C

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

95

100

105

110

115

12 0

125

130

135

140

145

150

155_

16C

22

7

10

R 11\

DR AFT Srt fcN » CLASS o3 --------------------------------

8C

40.0

$
$
134.50 136.00 L . o o - U s o

1

_

45

39.5

113.50

1

1

_

3

l

3

6

14

7

9

5

4

11

-

2

4

-

-

WOMEN

NURSES,

I.MDLSTk IAL

(K E G i S T t R E O ) -----

1 14.00

107.CC-125.C0

6

8

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their reg ula r straight-time s a lar ie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
F o r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Description for this occupation has been re vised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




12

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—SMSA—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s b y in d u s t r y d iv is i o n ,
B u f f a lo (S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o li t a n S t a t i s t ic a l A r e a ) , N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)

w o r k e rs

Occupation and industry division

(s t a n d a rd )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

227
125
102

39.5
39.5
39.5

91 .00
92.5 0
89.50

362
183
179

39 .0
4 0 .0
38.5

74 .00
84.5 0
64.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTCRING -------------------------------

195
90
105

39.0
39.5
38.5

65 .00
65 .50
65.0 0

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUR1NG ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------

1 , 18C
863
317
67

39.5
39.5
38.5
39.0

102.00
104.00
96.5 0
114.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

972
677
295
87

39.0
39.0
3 8 .5
39.0

81.50
83.00
78 .50
102.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NCNMANUFACTCRING ---------------------

152
56
96

39.0
40 .0
38.5

73.00
74.00
72.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTCRING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------

556
419
177
74

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

111.5C
114.50
104.50
119.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 6 -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTCRING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S 2 ---------------------------

610
311
295
43

39. C
39.5
39.C
39.0

80.50
88.50
72.00
102.50

62

39.0

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS $
76.50
78.50
74 .50

CONTINUED

foe.so
118.00
97 .0 0

TAEULATING-MACHINE OPERATCRS,
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------

104

38.5

84 .50

TRANSCR 18 ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

161
54
107

39.C
39.0
39.0

69.50
85.00
6 2 . OC

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------------------

373
266
107
27

39.0
39.5
38.0
39.0

80.50
83 .50
7 3 . OC
8 8.0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 -----------------------------------------

1,035
408
627
85

38.5
39.5
38.0
4 0 .0

63 .50
7C.00
59.5 0
86.0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A3--------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

245
217

40.0
40.0

164.00
166.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 6 3--------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------78.50
81.50
75.00 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C 3--------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

556
492
64

39.5
39.5
39.0

133.50
133.50
133.50

324
217

39.5
39.5

99. 50
101.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

183
170

39.5
39.5

110.50
111.50

83.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTCRING -------------------------------

391
253
138

39 .5
40.0
39.5

CLERKS, FI LE , CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------NCNMANUFACTCRING —

188
56
132

38.0
40 .0
37.5

61.50
78.50 SWITCHBOARD OPERATCRS, CLASS A3-------54.50
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

98.00
103.50
87.50

127
88

40.0
40 .0

91.5 0
93 .00

CLERKS, FI LE , CLASS C
NGNMANUFAC ICRING —

154
137

38.5
38.0

5 4 . 5C SWITCFBCARC OPERATORS, CLASS B3-------52.50
NONMANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------

110
97

3 9.C
39.0

67 .50
65.5 0

CLERKS, ORDER ----------MANUFACTUR ING —
NCNMANUFACTCRING

213
128
85

39.5
39.5
39.5

89 .00
90.50
86.50

MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTCRING -------------------------------

278
146
132

39.0
39.5
39.C

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------MANUFACTURING ---NCNMANUFACTCRING

355
256
95

39.0
39.5
39.0

94.50 TAGUL AT ING-MACH INE CPERATCRS,
99 .00
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------81.50
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

69
54

operatgr- r e c e p t i c n i s t s -

39.5
39.5

117.50
123.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

Standard hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ceiv e their re g u la r straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eek ly hours.
Tran sportation , com m unication, and other public utilities.
D escription fo r this occupation has been re v ise d since the last su rvey in this area.
See appendix A.




(s t a n d a rd )

39.5
40 .0
39.0

39.0

sw it c h g u a r c

W e e k ly
e a r n in g s 1

142
78
64

50

FIL E,

h o u rs 1

TAEULATING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

CLASS A

CLERKS,

W e e k ly
(s ta n d a rd )

of
w o rk e rs

e a rn in g s 1

39.5
40 .0
39.5

39.5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------

35.5
39.5
39.0
40 .0

Occupation and industry d ivision

( s t a n d a rd )

320
169
151

61

BILLERS, MACHINE ( BCCKKEE PING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------

53
31

49

W e e k ly

CONTINUED

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------$
8 6 . OC
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------90.0 0
NCNMANUFACTCRING ------------------------------82.0 0
98.00 KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------63.00
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------89.00
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

102

of
w o r k e rs

W e e k ly
(s t a n d a rd )

e a r n in g s 1

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE ) ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NCNMANUFACTCRING ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------

N um ber

N um ber
W e e k ly

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(s t a n d a rd )

of

A v e ra g e

A v e ra g e

A v e ra g e
N um ber

Occupation and industry division

13
Table A-3a.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Erie County—Men and W omen Combined
(A v e ra g e stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
in m anufacturing, Buffalo (E r ie County), N .Y ., D ecem b er 1964)

of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e

A v e ra g e

A v e ra g e

N um ber

N um ber

N um ber

Occupation

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
( s t a n d a rd )

Occupation

W e e k ly
e a r n in g s 1
( s t a n d a rd )

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS

W e e k ly

-

h o u rs 1

of

Occupation

(s t a n d a rd )

CONTINUED

w o r k e rs

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS -

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1

e a r n in g s 1

( s t a n d a rd )

W e e k ly
e a r n in g s 1

(s t a n d a rd )

of
w o r k e rs

( s t a n d a rd )

W e e k ly

CONTINUED

MACHINE

MACHINE 1 — —
—

~

(BOOKKEEPING
----— -------------- — ---------

80CKKEEP INC-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------

27

41

4 0.C

$
91 .00

CLASS B --------------

153

4 0 .0

83.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------------------------

59

4 0 .0

63. 50

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------------

35

112

624

39.5

101.00

TYPISTS,

CLASS A -------------------------------------

192

39.5

85.00

GENERAL ------------------------

511

39.0

82.50

TYPISTS,

CLASS 8 -----------------;
--------------------

320

39.5

70.00

STENOGRAPHERS,

BILLERS,

$

CLASS A --------------

STENOGRAPHERS,

MACHINE (B ILLING
nALrliNcJ
~ — ------------ -------- —

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

BILLERS,

SENIOR --------------------------

166.50

TAEULATING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,

39.5

40. 0

$
95.50

45

40 .0

o«t.nu

TRANSCRIEING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
r cm c n ai
...................
u c liC H f ll

50

84.50

74.00

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS A --------------

304

39.5

113.00

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS B --------------

228

39.5

85.50

117

40 .0

106.50

CLASS A2--------

68

40.5

91.50

SW ITCHBGAR0 0PERAT0R-RECEPT ICNISTS-

117

39.0

81.00

SR ITCH8 GARC OPERATORS,
-----------------------------------------

47

40.0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------

110

39.5

PROFESSIONAL AN0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

76.0 0
88.5 0

CLERKS,

FI LE ,

CLASS B

PAYROLL

------------------------------------------------------------

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS

-----------------------------------------

197
157

39.0
40.0

97. 00
75.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

35

45

40 .0

4 0 .0

CRAFTSMEN,

CLASS A2 --------------------------------------------------

179

40.0

CRAFTSMEN,

CLASS 6

--------------------------------------------------

412

39.5

133.00

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C2 --------------------------------------------------

CLERKS,

TAEULAT ING-MACHINE OPERA TCRS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

200

39.5

101.00

NURSES,

116

39.5

109.50

120.50

120.00

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

---------

1 Standard hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees receive their re g u la r straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings correspon d to these w eek ly hours.
2 D escription fo r this occupation has been re v ise d since the last su rvey in this area.
See appendix A.

Table A-3b. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Niagara County—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
in m anufacturing, B uffalo (N ia g a r a County), N. Y. , D e c e m b e r 1964)

O FF IC E OCCUPATIONS
II5

39.5

$
118.00

STENOGRAPHERS,

GENERAL

-----------------

83

39.0

<
->

STENOGRAPHERS,

SENIOR

------------------------------------------------

55

39.5

30

39.5

KtYPUNCH OPERATORS,

B

CLASS b

-----------------

-

Occupation

(s t a n d a rd )

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS 166

39.5

$
84.00

---------------------------------

136

40.0

105.50

39.5

83.00

92.5 0

TAEULATING-MACFIN£ LPERATCRS*
CLASS 13 -------------------------------------------------------------------

25

40.0

TYPISTS,

CLASS B

88

39.5

$
70.00

114.50

OFFICE BUYS AND GIRLS ------------------------------------

31

39.0

239

39.5

112.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
nu A 1 o " tINf
u K A rc r c v t k _

TYPISTS,

CLASS A

----------------------------------------------

74

39.5

('1 A c c
a
u l
oj

a
P 2 __________ ________ _

>3

40.0

167.50

CRAFTSMEN,

69. 50

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------------

CLASS

t3 ----------------------------------------2

80

40.0

134.50

54

39.5

115.00

8C.50
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

Standard hours reflect the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their re g u la r straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rrespon d to these weekly h ours.
D escrip tion fo r this occupation has been re v ise d since the la st survey in this a re a . See appendix A.




CONTINUED

----------------------------------------------

101.00

25

W e e k ly
e a r n in g s 1
(s t a n d a rd )

w o r k e rs

e a rn in g s 1

CONTINUED
------------------------------

of

W e e k ly
(s t a n d a rd )

W e e k ly

Sh ITCHiiUARC UPEKATGK-RECEPTIGNISTS-

CO

ACCOUNTING,,CLASS

o

CLERKS,

PAYROLL

CLASS A

of
w o r k e rs

W e e k ly
(s t a n d a rd )

(s t a n d a rd )

-----------------

ACCOUNTING,

CLERKS,

Occupation

W e e k ly
e a r n in g s 1

O FF IC E OCCUPATIONS
CLERKS,

N um ber

N um ber
W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(s t a n d a rd )

of
w o r k e rs

A v e ra g e

A v e ra g e

A v e ra g e
N um ber

Occupation

-----

14
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations—SMSA
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n ,
B u f f a lo (S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o li t a n S t a t i s t ic a l A r e a ) , N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)

Hourly earnings 1

'

Nu mb er of w or k e rs receiving straight- time hourly earnings of$
$
2 . . 4C 2. 5C 2. 60

$
$
$
$
$
2 . 7C 2 .8 0 2 . 90 3 .0 0 3 .1 0

$
3.2 0

$
3.30

3. 00 3. 10 3.2 0

3.30

3.4 0 3.5 0

$
3.50

$
3.60

3.7 0

$
if
i1.80 3.90

3.6 0 3.7 0

3.8 0

;i.9C 4.CC over

*
2 .2 0

Mean2

Median 2

M
iddle range 2

$
2.30

$

2.3C

Occupation and industry division

dum
ber
of
w
orkers

2.4C

2 «.50

-

-

5
5

1
1

23
17

6
2

19
19

12
8

49
44

42
41

36
33

13
13

42
42

-

5
5

15
15

4
2

14
14

10
9

45
44

64
64

122
120

156
139

145
142

72
72

188
188

Under
and
$
2 . 2 0 under

2.6C 2.7C 2 . 60 2.9C

$

3.40

CARPENT ERS, M A IN T E N A N C E -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

270
225

$
2.1 0
3.12

$
3. 13
3 .1 4

$
$
2.93- 3.3 C
3 . 0 1 - 3.3C

EL E C T R IC IA N S t MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

1,036
998

3.35
3.35

3. 36
3 .3 6

3.183.18-

3.57
3.57

-

-

-

-

-

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------

475
394
81

2.93
2.96
2. 76

2. 9 7
2. 9 9
2 .5 7

2.612.692.43-

3.21
3.21
3.21

6
6

2
2

48
45
3

51
23
28

5
6
3

29
27
2

23
22
1

48
46
2

32
32
“

43
34
9

63
59
4

47
35
12

19
17
2

22
22
-

FIREM EN , STATIONARY B O ILER --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

287
275

2.77
2.80

2. 82
2 .8 4

2.532.63-

3.01
3.03

19
9

14
14

27
26

10
10

6
5

15
15

44
44

38
38

42
42

16
16

19
19

14
14

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------

474
424
50

2.60
2.61
2. 47

2 .5 9
2. 59
2 .4 7

2.522.532.41-

2. 68
2.68
2.67

9
3
6

12
10
2

13
11
2

48
26
22

174
174
-

124
115
9

43
40
3

41
35
6

7CC
676

3.33
3. 3 5

3 .4 4
3 .4 5

3 . 0 9 - 3.61
3 . 1 4 - 3.62

-

-

M A CH IN ISTS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------

513
898

3.36
3.37

3.42
3. 4 3

3.163 .16-

$
4 .00

10
10

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TCCLRCCM
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

i

3.65
3.65

1C

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
I MAINTENANCE) -------------MANUFACTURING ----------NCNMANUFACTURING -----PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S 3—

659
245
414
373

3.07
3.05
3.08
3.09

3 .1 4
3 .1 0
3. 15
3. 15

2 . 6 9 - 3.35
2 . 7 0 - 3.41
2 . 7 2 - 3.34
2 . 7 1 - 3.33

4
4

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING ----------NCNMANUFACTURING ------

1,131
1,063
68

3.22
3.22
3.08

3. 2 3
3. 24
3 .1 2

3.053.072.90-

3.41
3.42
3.26

_
-

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------

1,C84
1,084

3.33
3.33

3. 37
3 .3 7

3.153.15-

3.48
3.48

-

O ILERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

513
499

2. 8 0
2.81

2. 6 3
2. 8 3

2.592.59-

2.52
2.92

10
7

18
18

P A IN TER S , MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -------

271
247

3.01
3.05

3. 0 7
3 .0 8

2.852.92-

3.21
3.24

4
-

3
-

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

655
649

3.23
3.23

3.21
3.21

3.113.11-

3.43
3.43

-

-

-

291
291

3.36
3. 36

3 .4 3
3 .4 3

3.243.24-

3.45
3.49

856
856

3.53
3.53

3.63
3 .6 3

3.373.37-

3.73
3.73

SHEET-METAL WORKERS,
MANUFACTURING ---

MAINTENANCE —

TCOL ANC DIE MAKERS --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

97
97

80
68

8
8

11
11

14
7
7

8
8
~

-

3
3

8
8

2
2

8
8

-

-

13
13

5

1

-

*
-

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

*

-

26
9

30
23

62
62

40
40

20
20

34
34

56
56

21
21

150
150

63
63

186
186

12
12

“

_

5
5

4C
4C

2
2

17
10

3
3

40
40

60
60

107
105

63
63

103
103

69
69

14
14

348
348

15
9

27
27

46
24
22
22

5
5
“

_
-

9
9

107
107
“

4
4

5
5

9
9

-

9
9

14
14

9
9

2
—
2

8
8
-

1
-

1
-

_
-

150
56
94
92

35
22
13
13

25
9
16
12

20
18
2

34
9
25
25

121
23
98
98

16
8
8
8

157
29
128
102

35
34
l

28
21
7

121
115
6

25
21
4

35
24

11

73
69
4

205
191
14

161
151
10

150
150
-

1C8
96
12

~

55
55
-

43
43

125
125

145
145

120
120

104
104

3C7
307

138
138

34
34

-

1

-

_
~
_
-

~

-

“

19
19
-

17
17

16
16

_

-

9

-

-

9

11
11

15
19

31
31

57
55

34
25

45
45

163
163

50
50

20
20

10
10

19
19

18
18

5
5

11
11

-

-

3
3

-

15
10

3

_

4
4

41
40

38
38

53
51

38
38

7
6

-

-

-

11

10
10

-

-

18
18

14

3

23
18

-

-

-

5
5

9
9

-

9
8

7
5

15
14

21
21

88
88

162
162

96
96

31
29

167
167

30
30

15
15

-

-

-

-

_

1

-

-

l

12
12

27
27

33
33

11

-

8
8

11

133
133

38
38

13
13

-

_

-

18
18

31
31

34
34

98
98

29
29

6
6

128
128

36
36

182
182

262
262

-

_

E xclu des prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w o rk on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.




~

-

_

6
“

-

-

-

£
8

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

6

6

2
2
2
2

24
24

15
Table A-4a.

Maintenance and Powerplant O ccupations—Erie County

(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e h ourly earnings fo r men in selected occupations studied on an a re a b asis
in m anufacturing, B uffalo (E r ie County), N .Y ., D ecem ber 1964)
Nu mb er of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
Number
of
workers

Occupation

$

Mean2

Median 2

Middle

range 2

$

$

2.20 2.3C
Under and
$
under

$

$

2.40 2 . 5C

$

$

$

2 .8 0

2.6C 2.7G

2 .9 0 3.00

$

$

$

i

3.10 3 .2 0

$

3 .3 0

3.40 3.50

$

$

3.60 3.70

$

3.80 3.90

3.20 3 .3 0

3.4 0

3.50

3.70

3.90

l

I

$

4.0C
and

2 .20

2.30

$

$

$

185

3.11

3.12

2.96-

3.36

MAINTENANCE ------------------

700

3.37

3 .4 4

3.21-

3. 57

STATIONARY ---------------------------

296

2. 94

2. 93

2 . 66-

3.21

2 .8 8

2.71-

3.03

2.53-

2.68

CARPENTERS,

MAINTENANCE ----------------------

ELECTRICIANS,
ENGINEERS,
FIREMEN,

STATIONARY BOILER ----------------

123

2 .8 8

HELPERS,

MAINTENANCE

315

2.61

2. 5 8

TRADES -------------TC0LRG0M —

64 8

3.34

3. 45

3.12-

3.31

3. 38

3.14-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------------------

211

3.02

2.96

2 . 68 -

MAINTENANCE------------------------

815

3.26

3.31

3.04-

MILLWRIGHTS-----------------------------------------------

3.37

3.42

3.22-

O I L E R S ----------------------------------------------------------

395

2.84

2. 84

2 . 66-

2.54

23

20

12

41

~

-

55

63

95

72

188

37

21

22

34

32

11

37

27

13

15

7

8

-

1

11

24

13

23

16

9

2

8

-

165

50

38

19

10

9

23

62

40

20

34

56

19

135

63

175

12

2

10

3

40

26

84

44

78

65

-

214

9

29

31

15

5

-

132

96

9

55

107

4

5

9

74

261

42

34

-

9

14

5

19

18

5

11

-

-

3

15

11

7

24

6

-

-

21

115

38

22

138

-

15

-

8

3

16

24

11

111

-

13

-

2

31

33

88

29

6

91

182

181

24

11

6

14

-

4

11

15

-

-

-

5

4C

-

8

-

56

22

9

18

4

6

8

-

7

3

17

115

21

24

38

1 14

59

-

-

-

8

39

28

61

59

30

25

28

144

37

20

-

18

4

15

9

5

12

20

5

-

-

16

-

I

-

16

10

19

25

14 C

3.00

3.03

2.72-

3.34

-

10

-

18

404

3.23

3.23

3.12-

3.44

*

5

5

-

8

MAINTENANCE —

201

3.33

3.42

3.24-

3.47

-

-

-

e

MAKERS ------------------------------

719

3.52

3.62

3.24-

3.72

-

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE --------------------

SHEET-METAL WORKERS,

1
2

39
26

17

3

MAINTENANCE ---------------------------

TOOL AND D I E

8
44

-

3.48

Excludes prem ium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .




holidays,

and late shifts.

over

9

-

-

4.QC

17

45

-

3-80

2

1
13

2
3

3.60

14

5

-

3.49

654

3.10

-

3.40

MECHANICS,

PAINTERS,

2. 70 2. 8 0 2.9C 3. 00

5

3.63

PIPEFITTERS,

2.6C

-

3.61

624

MACHINISTS,

2.50

$

MAINTENANCE ----------------------

MACH INE-TCCL OPERATORS,

2.40

-

-

-

-

36

-

-

II

68

4

3

16
Table A-4b. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations—Niagara County
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in manufacturing, Buffalo (Nia ga ra County), N. Y. , De cember 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

Unde

Occupation

2.20 2.30

2.3C

40

3.16

3.18

$
$
3 . 1 2 - 3.24

MAINTENANCE -----------------

298

3.29

3.26

3.15-

3.39

-

-

STATIONARY --------------------------

98

3.04

3.08

2 .86 -

3.20

-

FIREMEN,

STATIONARY BOILER ---------------

152

2.74

2.82

2.45-

3.0C

9

12

HELPERS,

MAINTENANCE

109

2.62

2.64

2.60-

2.69

-

6

2.40

-

MAINTENANCE ----------------------

ELECTRICIANS,
ENGINEERS,

TRADES -------------

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS,
MACHINISTS,

T00LRC0M —

MAINTENANCE ----------------------

MECHANICS, ACICM0TIVE
(MAINTE NAN CE )----------------------------------------

28

3.53

3.48

3 .4 4 -

3.48

3.62

3 .2 7 -

2.50

2.6C 2.70 2.80 2. 9 0 3.00 3.10

2

3.20 3.30

3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.9C

3.40

3.50

-

1

-

5

18

13

1

-

-

38

65

76

47

-

12

-

23

22

8

4

20

25

19

-

19

65

2

21

3.60

3.70 3.80

3 . SO over

16

34

“

-

-

2

-

12

-

6

12

10

4

-

ll

9

-

-

-

3.67

-

-

60

-

8

-

4

7

-

-

-

-

4

14

*

4

-

-

*

-

-

2

2

15

-

11

-

-

-

19

25

-

14

134

-

27

-

-

-

3.64

2 74

3.20 3.30

and
under

2 .2 0

CARPENTERS,

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10

34

3.25

3.17

3 .1 2 -

3.51

5

17

-

-

3

9

-

-

MAINTENANCE ------------------------

248

3.11

3.18

3. 10-

3.25

-

-

-

12

14

4

-

-

-

31

77

92

18

-

-

-

-

-

MILLWRIGHTS ----------------------------------------------

430

3.27

3.23

3 .0 9 -

3.48

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

3

4

97

84

61

30

46

96

-

-

-

104

2.67

2.74

2 .5 3 -

2.89

6

8

-

6

25

17

19

13

-

10

MAINTENANCE --------------------------

107

3.11

3.09

3 .0 1 -

3.18

25

29

36

-

3

14

-

-

-

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------

245

3.23

3.20

3.08-

3.38

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

2

l

67

47

58

7

29

30

-

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE —

90

3.41

3.47

3 .2 2 -

3.54

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

9

11

9

-

22

38

-

-

-

-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------------------------

137

3.61

3.72

3.46-

3.77

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

10

-

-

37

-

-

81

6

-

MECHANICS,

PAINTERS,

SHEET-METAL WORKERS,




1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 F or definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .

-

17
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—SMSA
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n ,
B u ff a lo (S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a ) , N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)

Number of wo rkers receiving straight-time hourly earnings <

Hourly earnings 2
Number
of
workers

$

$

(

$

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(WOMEN) ----------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTUR1NG ------------------

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

1.20

1.30
-

-

1.20

Occupation1 and industry division

1.10

$

1.30

1.4C

1.50

and
under

1.40

S

$

1.5C 1.6C
-

-

$

-

l.fcC 1.70

$

S

1.7C 1.8C
-

$

t

$

$

1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30
-

-

-

-

-

$

-

1. 80 1 .9C 2.00 2. 10 2. 20 2.30 2,40

$

$

}

{

$

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.7C 2.80
-

-

-

2.50 2,60 2.70

-

$

-

2 . BO 2.90

$

$

2.9C 3.0C 3.1C
-

-

3.20 3.30

-

a n (j

3.CC 3.1C 3.20 3.30

over

SI
82

$
1.38
1 .34

$
1.35
1 .34

$
1 .2 9 1 .2 8 -

$
1 .39
1.38

-

26
26

43
43

7
7

4
4

2
2

9

GLARCS ANC WATCHMEN -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1,0 5 7
809

2 .33
2.56

2.5 4

1 .8 7 2 .4 0 -

2.76
2.7 5

_

2.6 6

"

17
8

166
~

47
29

4
'

14
12

1
1

21
20

9
8

18
18

10
10

38
36

60
60

76
70

108
104

71
46

218
216

27
IS

e
6

127
127

13
13

3
3

GLARES:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

2.7 4

2 .5 8 -

2.97

-

-

-

l

4

8

-

-

12

15

46

78

46

213

14

8

127

13

3

1

-

8

-

29

-

12

-

16

-

18

10

24

45

24

26

3

5

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

172
172
~

66
66
~

29
13
16

35
35
3

35
23
12
~

27
6
21
9

58
38
20
3

14
6
8
~

94
88
6
1

91
72
19
19

286
247
39
36

95
70
25
23

165
137
48
27

158
153
5
2

163
160
3
3

188
186
2
2

66
66
-

“

~

_
-

_
-

~
~

~

_
~

99
99
7

45
8
37

254
11
24 3

105
17
88

32
6
26
17

32
30
2
l

69
65
67

II
11

38
38

54
54

14
14

12
12

_

_
-

_

_
-

_

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

_

_

32
31
1

24
24

_

23
16
7
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4
4

27
27

19
IS

32
13
19

11
11

6
6

7
7

26
18
8

11
8
3

73
67
6

175
170
5

117
112
5

156
133
23
21

247
243
4
4

263
245
18
3

345
304
41
39

361
129
232
5

567
555
8
6

63
33
30
~

106
106
49

125
125
125

_
-

45
45
“

_

_

_

-

-

l

-

_

-

3
2
1

28
14
14

16
4
12

18
18

33
32
1

62
46
16

57
55
42

10
10
-

12
9
3

126
3C
56

131
131

32
32

-

_
-

100
100

37
37

1
1

4
4

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

”

~

-

589

2.7 2

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

22 0

2 .11

2.27

1 .8 4 -

2.4 2

JANITCRS, PORTERS* ANC CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NGNMANUFAC TUR ING —--------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

1 ,762
1,265
497
1 28

2.2 1
2 .42
1.67
2.24

2 .2 9
2 .45
1.47
2.2 8

2 .0 1 2 .2 3 1 .2 7 2 .1 5 -

2 .55
2 .66
2.15
2.41

JANITLRS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS
(WOMtN) ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTUR ING - - -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

6 44
272

1.67
2 .10
1 .47
1.78

1.52
2 .1 3
1 .46
1 .84

1 .4 3 1 .7 9 1 .4 0 1 .7 9 -

1 .90
2 .40
1.56
1 .87

2.5 9
2.55
2.6 8
2 .96

2.66
2 .6 0
2.77
3.10

2
2
2
2

-

2.84
2.8 2
3 .08
3.1 5

2.7 5
2.59

2 .5 7 2 .5 0 -

3.02
2 .70

2.8 3

2.90
2.6 1
2 .9 8

2 .6 7 -

3 .05

2.6 5
2.6 6

2 .4 1 2 .4 4 -

2.82
2.82

LABORERS* MATERIAL FANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFAC TURING-----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

572
99
2 ,786
2 ,034
752
252

.4
.3
.6
.6

1
9
6
9

_
■

-

-

-

ORCER
F I L L E R S --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

202
367

PACKERS,

-----------------------------

490

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

478

2.5 6
2.59

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 43
1 00

2.29
2.4 7

2.3 2
2 .6 2

2 .0 7 -

2.6 4

2 .2 4 -

2.66

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

238
146
92

2.6 3
2.68
2.56

2 .6 7
2 .67
2 .68

2 .5 3 2 .5 7 2 .4 4 -

2.51
2.8 6
3 . Cl

S UP P IN G CLERKS-------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

246
225

2.89
2.9 0

2.9 3
2.9 3

2 .7 5 2 .7 6 -

2 .98
2 .5 5

SHIPPING ANO RECEIVING CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

175
83

2.73
2 .65

2 .6 9

2 .4 9 -

3 .05

-

-

2 .4 8 -

2.75

-

-

-

2.6 6

-

2.80

3.01

2 .5 0 -

3.11

-

-

1
1

-

92

“

2
1
1

1

TRUCKDRIVERS 5 -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 4--------------------------

2,431

2.95

3.08

2 .7 3 -

3 .17

646

2.7 8
3.01

2.7 5
3 .1 3
3.15

2 .6 1 2 .7 8 3 .1 1 -

2.51
3.15
3 .18

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

6
3
3

1
1

2
2

8
8

10
10

2.5 7
2 .5 9

2 .5 1 -

2.88

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

2.5 1
2.73

4
3
1

_

2 .5 3 2 .2 3 -

-

-

10
10

S HIPP IN G

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

See fo o tn o tes

at end o f ta b le,




569

1 , 7 85
99 9

3.11

227

2.5 9

157
70

2.65
2 .46

2.51

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

~

1

_

1

2

_

6

1

_

1

_

54
54

36
36

7
6

13
13

30
30

53
53

80
80

64
64

-

3

7
“

_

-

-

-

5
5

13
9

12

27
10

3
3

11
11

-

-

-

62
62

~

_

_

3

3

3

4

l

6

5
5

-

3

3

3

4

1

6

12
11
l

6
3
3

37
20
17

50
44
6

15
14
l

28
16
12

26
21
7

27
3
24

3
3
”

2
2

“

4
3
1

1
1
-

1
1

3
3

4
4

13
12

8
5

7
7

15
12

2l
21

24
21

1C5
56

9
5

3
3

13
13

16
16

l

5
5

9
9

7
6
1

21
11
10

10
1
9

32
28
4

12
12
~

13
6
7

2
2
-

33
5
24

24
24

3
2
1

12
8
4

12
8
4

31
2
29

11
11
-

45
34
11
10

1C7
87
20
1

180
80
100
90

521
200
321
23

121
44
77
15

74
70
4
~

53
18
75
3

755
25
77C
740

2 CC
3
197
117

5
5
-

_

23
2
21

2
2
-

6
5
l

65
70
15

28
24
4

4
4
-

4
2
2

27
27
-

_

-

_

~

_

-

-

-

15
15

_
-

200
53
147
“
13
13
-

18
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—SMSA---Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n ,
B u ffa lo (S t a n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis tic a l A r e a ) , N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings2

Occupation1 and industry division

1

Number
of
workers

$

1- 10
Me“ 1

Median3

Middle range3

$

$

1.20 1.30 1.40

$

$

$

1.5C 1.6C 1 . 7C

$

$

1.80 1.90

$

$

2.00 2.10

I

i

2.20 2.30

i

$

2.40 2.50

i

i

2.60 2.70

$

$

2.80 2.9C

$

$

$

3.00 3.10 3.2C 3.30

and
under

and

1.20

TRUCKLE IVERS5 -

$

1.30

1.4C

1.5C

1.60

1.70

-

1. 80 1.50 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2.30

-

2

-

2

-

2

8

-

4

-

2

-

2

-

2

8

-

4

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3 . PC 3.10 3.20 3.30

over

CONTINUED

TRUCKCR IVERS, MEDIUM (1- 1/ 2 TC
AND INCLUDING 4 1CNS) ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NLNMANUFACIURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------------------

338
121
217
163

$
2.67
2.57
2.72
2.83

$
2.66
2.61
2 .6 8
2.69

$
$
2 . 5 4 - 2.75
2 . 4 5 - 2.68
2 . 6 2 - 3.11
2 . 6 4 - 3.12

TRUCKCR IVERS, HEAVY (CVER 4 TCNS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) -----------------------------------NUNMANUFACTLK I N G -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------------------

1,005
891
639

3.15
3.20
3.18

3.17
3.18
3.16

3.123.143.13

3.24
3.26
3.15

TRUCKCR IVERS, HEAVY (CVER 4 TCNS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

722
169
553

2.92
3.01
2.90

2.79
2.79
2.79

2.742.742.75-

3.11
3.25
3.11

TRUCKERS, POKER (FORKLIFT) --------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1,534
1,277
257

2.75
2.70
3.00

2.79
2.75
3.08

2 . 6 1 - 2.51
2 . 5 3 - 2.87
2 . 8 0 - 3.15

TRUCKERS, PURER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

688
483

2.65
2.71

2.5 9

2 .5 0 -

2.8 5

2.69

2.51-

2.90

8
8

9
9
-

30
8
22
22

6
6
-

1C
6
4
-

96
2
“

6
-

-

~

~

8
8

32
29
3
2

136
43
93
87

6
3
3

7
7

373
77
296

67
7
60

13
9
4
-

-

55
3
52
52

-

9
9
-

197 6138
197
138
117
~

48
35
3

517
516
516

15
15

45
5
40

160
3
157

3
3
-

740
40
“

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

96
96

66
64
2

110
no
-

27
27
-

62
62
-

180
180
-

26 2
197
65

335
323
12

115
1C3
12

65
18
47

147
28
119

33
33
-

33
33
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

6
6

3
3

2
2

47
47

13
13

39
39

48

209
52

79
79

16
16

102
102

5
5

31
31

14
14

25
25

43
43

1 Data limited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 Includes all drivers re gardless of size and type of truck operated.
6 Al l wo rkers we re at $3.30 to $3.40.
7 W orkers were distributed as follows: 4 at $3.30 to $3.40; and 36 at $3.80 to $3.90.




12
8
4

-

19
Table A-5a. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Erie County
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in manufacturing, Buffalo (Erie County), N. Y ., December 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings1
2
Number

Occupation1
workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

S
t
$
*
$
$
$
$
i
$
$
*
%
%
$
$
$
*
$
$
1.40 1.50 1.6C 1.7C 1.80 1.9C 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.2C 3.3C
and
$
and
1.40 under

1.50 1.6C 1.7C i .e c

$

$

GUAKCS AviL WATCHMtN-----------------------------.

554

2.56

2.71

$
2 .3 8 - 2.79

8

20

C-UARCS------------------------------------------------------

415

2.73

2.75

2 .6 2 - 3.01

-

-

-

$

12

WATCHMEN

------------------------------------------------

139

2.04

2.21

1.66- 2.36

8

20

JANITLRS,

PURTtRb, ANC CLEANERS-----

973

2.4C

2.41

2 .2 1 - 2.6E

-

10

JAMTCRS, PUR1 fcrvS* ANC CLEANEk S
( WCHEN) ----------------------------------------------------

23fc

2.G7

2.11

1.77- 2.28

8

11

LAtJLrttnSf MATERIAL HANDLING-------------

1,571

2.56

2.61

2 .3 6- 2.84

-

13

-

198

2.58

2.60

2 .4 9 - 2.69

-

-

-

UkCtR

F I L L E R S ----------------------------------------

1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.7C 2.80 2.9C 3.00 3.10 3.2C 3.3C over

l

4

8

18

10

-

l

4

8

-

-

23

43

46

42

28

165

12

2

100

9

2

1

2

15

27

42

28

162

12

2

100

9

2

1

17

12

-

-

-

18

10

21

28

19

-

-

3

-

-

23

6

34

6

79

62

215

39

89

54

134

162

60

-

2

3C

-

9

38

52

15

10

11

23

12

-

-

-

-

-

18

8

67

158

79

85

189

153

116

99

553

33

-

-

-

-

2

14

4

-

32

46

55

10

9

26

ICC

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

353

2.52

2.60

2 .2 0 - 2.81

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

54

36

6

9

21

53

37

35

2

-

-

-

-

U U P E N ) ------------------

55

2.29

2.31

1.99- 2.62

-

-

-

-

-

5

9

-

10

3

11

-

-

17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

RECEIVING CL ERKS------------------------------------

128

2.69

2.68

2 .5 7 - 2.89

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

3

9

2

20

33

13

13

21

3

3

2

1

SHIPPING CLERKS--------------------------------------

2C8

2.9C

2.93

2 .8 0 - 2.98

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

4

8

5

7

12

16

21

98

9

3

13

11

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS ---------

54

2.73

2.70

2 .6 3- 2.86

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

3

1

20

12

4

-

9

-

2

-

TRCCk CH j v ek s 45 ------------------------------------------

532

2.77

2.73

2.5 9- 2.87

-

-

5

8

2

11

31

85

63

177

27

57

6

4

3

53

144

2.67

2.59

2 .5 4 - 2.92

-

99

2.52

2.56

2 .4 3 - 2.67

PACKERS,

SHIPPING ----------------------------------

PACKERS,

SHIPPING

TKUCKCRIVEKS, LIGHT

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

2

2

2

70

22

1

-

27

-

-

-

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

9

29

7

32

8

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(LNCER

TRUCKCR IVtkS , MLCILP (1 -1 /2 TC
ANC INCLUDING 4 T U N S ) -------------------TRUCKCR1VERS, HLAVV (CVtR A TCNS,
UThfcR THAN TRAILER T Y P L I --------------

156

3.03

2.79

2 .7 4 - 3.33

---------------

991

2.72

2.80

TRUCKERS, PLiwEK (CT^ER THAN
FUKKL IFT ) ------------------------------------------------

424

2.72

2.74

2 .3 8 - 2.94

1
2
3
4
5

-

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Workers were distributed as follows: 4 at $ 3. 30 to $ 3. 40; and 36 at $ 3. 80 to $ 3. 90.




6

6

-

3

-

2

-

-

-

8

6

73

1

19

5

3

3

540

96

2 .5 7 - 2.88

TRUCKERS, PURER ( FCRKLIFT)

6

106

11

44

127

94

318

99

10

26

19

33

47

13

36

-

26

69

12

97

5

20

14

25

43

-

20




Table A-5b. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—N iagara County
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an are a b asis
in manufacturing, Buffalo (N iagara County), N .Y ., Decem ber 1964)
H o u r ly e a rn in g s

2

Number of workers :
receiving straight--time hourly earnings of—
$
1.80

um ber

Occupation1

of
M ean1
3
2

M e d ia n 3

M i d d le r a n g e 3

$
$
$
$
S
$
$
2.30 2
:.4C 2.50 2.60 2.70 2 . 80 2.90

$
$
$
3.0C 3.10 3.20

2 . 10 2 . 2 C 2.30 2.40 2 .50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2 . 90 3.00
!

3. 10 3.20 3.30

$
$
1.90 2 . 0 0

$
$
2.1C 2 . 2 0

“ nder and
1.80

under
1.9C 2 . 0 0

------------------------

$

$

$

$

255

2.55

2.58

2.44-

2. 76

C-LAKl S --------------------------------------------------

174

2.69

2.71

2 . 5 4 - 2.75

-

81

2.25

2.38

1 .8 7 -

2.54

5

252

2.47

2.51

2.3 5-

2.58

3

glakcs

am;

atchmt n

WATCHMEN ------------------------------------------

JANITORS,

P u k T t k S , ANC CL tANf ckS

JAMTLSS,

PCj K I E k S, ANC C L t A NE HS
---------------------------------------

9

“

13

17

24

62

18

51

7

6

27

4

1

-

-

10

-

19

36

18

51

2

6

27

4

1

16

-

-

-

3

17

5

26

-

5

-

-

-

-

4

-

9

10

32

31

48

99

26

24

6

-

-

-

-

16

34

2.30

2.42

2.28-

2.47

4

2

-

2

1

4

20

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

H A N D L I N G ------

463

2.54

2.59

2.44-

2 .6 6

-

-

-

12

33

48

54

92

188

30

6

-

-

-

-

S H I P P I N G -----------------------

125

2.76

2.72

2 . 6 4 - 2.93

-

-

-

-

-

4

9

-

43

29

-

35

1

4

-

SHIPPING AN0 KLCcIVING CLtkkS -

25

2.50

2.48

2 .3 8 -

2.67

-

-

3

-

6

8

-

8

2

2

-

-

-

TRL Ck LR I VONS4 -------------------------------------

1 14

2 .8 1

2.84

2 . T0 -

3.04

3

3

-

-

3

2

17

23

17

13

12

21

-

TKUCi\ £ k S » PoftCk (FORKLIFT)

--------

286

2.63

2 .6 8

2.44-

2.76

3

8

-

14

T k UCR l K S » Pbfttk ( C T H t k THAN
F C k R L I F T ) -------------------------------------------

59

2.65

2.61

2.55-

2.84

-

-

If tUMcN)

LAOURtkS,
P

ACK £k j ,

1
2
3
4

MATCH I AL

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except w here otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays,
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Includes all d riv e rs reg a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.

and late shifts.

-

58

4

16

18

53

103

5

4

-

-

~

3

-

26

10

4

5

-

11

21

B.

E stab lish m en t P ra c tic e s and Su pp lem en tary W age P ro v isio n s
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(D is trib u tio n of e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im um entrance s a la r y fo r se le c te d c a te g o rie s
of in e x p e rie n c e d w om en o ffice w o r k e r s , B u ffa lo (E r i e and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)
In e x p e rie n c e d typists
M an u factu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u strie s

M an u factu rin g
A ll
in d u strie s

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 of —
A ll
sch edules

E sta b lish m e n ts studied -------------------------

O th er in e x p e rie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s
N on m an ufacturin g

37V2

40

A ll
sch edu les

37 V2

N onm anufacturing

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h ours 3 of—
A ll
sch edules

40

37V2

40

A ll
sch edules

37 V2

40

------------

195

102

XXX

XXX

93

XXX

XXX

195

102

XXX

XXX

93

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ---------------------------

98

60

8

51

38

12

21

104

58

8

47

46

17

22

5

3

_

2
10
1

1
2

_

8
2

6
1

11

13

3

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

$
$
$
$

45 . 00
47. 50
50. 00
52. 50
55. 00
57. 50
60. 00
62. 50
65. 00
67. 50
70. 00
72.50
75. 00
77. 50
80. 00
82. 50
85. 00
87. 50
90. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-------

----------

u n der $ 47. 5 0 - — ..................................................
u n der $ 50. 0 0 ------- -------- ----------------------------------u n der $ 52. 5 0 ---------- ----- ----------------------------------u n d er $ 55. 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------u n der $ 57. 50 —
— —
-----------------------------------under $ 60. 0 0 __________ — ____________________________
u n der $ 62. 50 ----------------------------------------------------------under $ 65. 00 ------------------- -----------------------------------under $ 67. 50 ----------------------------------------------------------under $ 70. 00_________________________________________
under $ 72. 50--------------------------------------------------------under $ 75. 0 0--------------------------------------------------------u n der $ 7 7 . 50_____________ _________________________
u n der $ 80. 0 0--------------------------------------------------------u n der $ 82. 50 --------------- ----------------------------------------u n der $ 85. 00 ----------------------------------------------------------u n der $ 87. 50 ----------------------------------------------------------under $ 90. 00 ______________________________________________
o v e r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

5

2
20
3
8
1
13

6
5
5
5
5
5
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

10
2

-

10
1
2
1

3

1
8
5
5
3
3
5
5
3

1
1
-

3

1

5
5
4

-

2

_

3
5
4

-

-

1
1

_
1

5

2

6
1
2

-

-

-

5

2

1

-

-

8
2

_

_

_

_

26

13

1
1

2

1

_

1

9

5

_

4

4

1

2

1

_

1

_

_

3

13

3

3

8

3

1

4
5

4
5
3

3

1

7
5
4

1
6

_

1
_
1
_
_
_

_

_

_

2
2

1
_

1
2

-

_

_

-

-

_

1
1

_
_

1
1

_

_

_

-

1

_

_

_

1
2

3

_

2

5
3

_

_

_

_

2
1

_

_

2
1
_

2
1

-

2
3

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

XXX

XXX

1

2

2
2

5
4
5

5
4
3

_

2

1

_

_

_

1

3

-

3
1

2
3

_

1
1

_

3
4

1
1
2

-

2
1
1
2

3

-

3

1

-

-

-

1
1
1

E sta b lish m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ---------------------

26

16

XXX

XXX

10

XXX

XXX

32

19

XXX

XXX

13

E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em p loy w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o ry ___________________________________________________

70

25

XXX

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

58

24

XXX

XXX

34

1

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

1

XXX

XXX

$
$
$
$
$

D ata not a v a ila b le

2
1

_

1

_

1

T h ese s a la r ie s re la te to fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a r e paid fo r stan d ard w o rk w e e k s.
E x clu d es w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r offic e g ir l.
D ata a r e p re se n te d fo r a ll stan d ard w o rk w e e k s com bin ed, and fo r the m o st com m on sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s re p o rte d .

_

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

'




_

.
1
8
1
2

XXX

22




T ab le B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls of m a n u fa c tu rin g plan t w o r k e r s b y type and am ount of d iffe r e n t ia l,
B u ffa lo ( E r i e and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s ), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on—

Second shift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th er
sh ift w o r k

Second shift

T o ta l -------------------------------------------------------------------------

9 4 .2

8 9 .5

2 2 .4

8 .5

W ith sh ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------------------

-9 4 .1

8 9 .5

2 2 .4

8 .5

U n ifo r m cents (p e r h o u r ) ---------------- --------------

5 8 .9

5 2 .5

1 2 .6

6 .4

4 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------5 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------

.8
1.5
4 .3
2 .8
1 9 .9
1.9
1 1 .7
3 .1

6 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------7 o r l l/z c e n ts _________________________________
8 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------9 c e n t s _________________________________________
10 c e n ts ________________________________________
11 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------12 c e n ts ________________________________________
1 2 72 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------13 o r 1 3 V3 c e n ts ------------------------------------------143
/4 c e n ts _____________________________________
1 5 c e n ts — ----------------------------------------------------17 o r 1 7 V2 c e n ts ------------------------------------------18 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------20 cents and o v e r ----------------------------------------

3 .9
1 .8
.5
.1
4 .5

.6
1.6

-

_
.3
.5
-

.8
2 .8
7 .8
3 .5
2 4 .8
.8
.6

T h ir d o r o th er
shift

_

.2
.2
.5

(2)
-

.3
6 .1
.4
1.8
.6

.1
-

.7
.6
4 .5

.9

.2

(1
2)
( 2)

.1

-

( 2)

5 .9
1.0
1.6
2 .0

1 .0
.1
.1

8 .6

1 .2

.1

( 2)
.1
.1

-

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e -----------------------------------------

2 9 .1

2 8 .7

3 p e r c e n t ______________________________________
5 p e r c e n t ______________________________________
7 p e r c e n t _______________________________________

.2
1 9 .7
1 .3

.2

( 2)

_

-

6 .4
.3

-

7 V2 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------9 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------10 p e rc e n t _____________________________________

2 .3
.7
2 5 .5

-

7 .9

1.9

.1
.1
1 .0

O th e r f o r m a l pay d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------

6 .1

8 .3

1.1

1.0

W ith no shift p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------------

.1

-

( 2)
'

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g late sh ifts ,
even though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e rc e n t.

and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s

'

c o v e rin g

late

sh ifts

23

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly H ours
(P e rc e n t distribution of office and plant w o r k e r s in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled wee kly hours
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , Buffalo ( E r i e and N i a g a r a Counties), N .Y ., D e c e m b e r 1964)
O FFICE W O R K ER S

PLAN T W O R KE R S

W eek ly hours
All industries 1

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

Under 35 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------35 h o u r s ________________________________________________
Ov er 35 and under 3 7 V2 h o u r s _____________________
3 7 V2 hour s _________________________________________________________
O ve r 3 7 V2 and under 4 0 h o u rs _____________________
40 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O ver 4 0 and under 4 8 h o u r s ----------------------------------48 hours and o v e r ____________________________________

1
2
3
4

100

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities 1
2

100

All industries 3

Manufacturing

100

100

(4)
1
3
27
4
64
(4)

1

-

_

1

-

11
4
83
-

36
_

63
_

(4)
9
(4)
86
1
3

Includes data for w ho le sa le trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and re al estate; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transpo rta tio n, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for w ho le sa le trade, retail trade, re a l estate, and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e s s than 0.5 percent.




100

Public utilities2

_

1
4

_
_

_

_

91

99

1
4

_

(4)

24

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p l a n t w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r of p a i d h o l i d a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l l y , B u f f a l o ( E r i e a n d N i a g a r a C o u n t i e s ) , N . Y , , D e c e m b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS

P L A N T W O R K ER S

Item
All industries

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in est ablishme nts providing
paid h o l i d a y s ________________________________________
W o r k e r s in establis hme nts providing
no paid h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

99

98

99

99

2

1

(4)
1
14

-

4

1

(4)

-

3

3

_
-

(4)

-

(4)

_

_

_

1
12

-

-

5

6

(4)

-

(4)

N u m b e r of days

L e s s than 5 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------5 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 1 half day --------------------------------------6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s _________________________
6 holidays plus 3 half d a y s -----------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half day- ____________________ —
7 holidays plus 2 half d a y s -----------------------------------7 holidays plus 3 half d a y s -------- --------------------------------8 h o lid a v s

_

.
.

..

8 holidays plus 1 half day __________________________________
8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s --------------------------------------------8 holidays plus 3 half d a y s ------------------------- ---------------9 h o l i d a y s ------ ------------------------------------------------------------------------9 holidays plus 1 half day __________________________________
9 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ____________ _________ ____
1 0 ho lid ay s _____________________________________ ___________ ____
11 ho li da y s ------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------11 holidays plus 1 half d a y --------------------------------------------12 hol ida ys ------------------------------------- ------------ ---- __

(4)
2
1
21
5
7
1
16
1
3

4

(4)

_
-

(4)

( 4)
22
7
5
1
26

56

_

_

-

25
5
4
1
19
(4)
4

5

_

-

-

-

_

23

18

23

42

(4)
14

19
6
8
1
30
1
6
1
19

-

-

-

(4)
16

(4)
-

1
26

(4)
(4)

-

-

2
-

■

_
_

_
9

(4)
1
1
2

-

-

-

_

'

-

"

1
_

_

10
2
21

Total holiday time 5

12 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------I I V 2 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------------11 days or m o r e ______________________________________
10 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------------9 V2 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------9 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------8 V2 davs or m o r e __________ ________________________
8 days or m o r e ________________
____________________
7 V2 days or m o r e ____________________________________
7 days or m o r e ______________ _______________ ______
6 V2 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------------6 days or m o r e _______________________________________
5 days or m o r e _______________________________________
3 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------------------

(4 )
( 4)
16
17
17
34
36
58
64
87
87
99
99
99

.

_

-

-

-

26
26
26

(4 )
1
25
27
65
72
95
95
100
100
100

49
49
51
51
94
94
99
99
99

-

2
3
3
25
26
50
55
83
83
98
98
98

_

_

69
94
94

21
33
33
42
42
42
42
98
98

99
99
99

99
99
99

1
1
29
30
62

1 Includes data for w h ol e sa le trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transpo rta tio n, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for w h ol e sa le trade, re tail trade, r e a l estate, and se r v i c e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown se parately.
4 L e s s than 0.5 percent.
5 A l l combinations of full and half days that add to the sam e amount a re combined; for example, the pro por ti on of w o r k e r s rec ei vin g a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. P r o po r t io n s w e r e then cumulated.




Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n of o ffi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s by v a c a t io n pay
p r o v i s i o n s , B u f f a l o ( E r i e a n d N i a g a r a C o u n t i e s ) , N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy
All industries 2

All w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1

100
99
1
( 5)

100
100
-

100
89
10
1

100
86
13
1

100
99
1
_

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in est ablishments providing
paid vacat ion s— ............... —......................... ..........
L e n g th -o f- ti m e p a y m e n t _______________________
P er ce nt ag e payment ---------------------------------------F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t -------------------------------------------O t h e r ................................................... ...................
W o r k e r s in establ ish me nts providing
no paid va cat ion s __________________________________

-

( 5)
-

-

4
63
8
1

4
69
5

-

-

28
10
-

16
10
1
-

16
5
1
-

61
1
38

79
5
16

87
3
9

68

6
38
55
-

54
9
31
2
3

63
10
26
2
-

39
2
59
_

8
21
65
3
4

10
28
59
2
1

_
_
100
_

7
20
67
3
4

8
28
61
2
1

_
100

( 5)
87
4
9

( 5)
92
5
3

100
-

( 5)
10
30
58
1
1

Amount of vacation p a y 6
Af te r 6 months of se r vi c e
Under 1 week ________________________________________
1 week ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________

( 5)

_

_
21
9
-

A ft e r 1 yea r of se r vi c e
1 week _________________________________________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________

20
1
79

85

7
5
84
2
2

90
1
-

2
1
85
9
3

3
2
80
12
2

2
1
85
9
3

3
2
80
12
2

( 5)
82
5
13

( 5)
79
4
17

100
-

( 5)
27
6
60
6
1
1

( 5)
11
7
68
11
1
1

_
44
56
-

( 5)
16
23
60

-

1

15
-

( 5)
32

Af te r 2 ye a r s of se r vi c e
1 week _________________________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________

9
-

-

-

A ft e r 3 ye a r s of se r vi c e
1 week _________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

_
100
-

-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
1 week _________________________________________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________

-

100
-

-

-

-

A ft er 5 ye a r s of se r vi c e
1 week _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________

-

-

A ft er 10 ye a r s of se rv ice
1 week _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O ve r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ----------- -- ------ ------------- ------------- — ------ --------O ve r 4 w e e k s _________________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




-

-

( 5)

_
27
_
73
-

_
"

26

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1 Continued
—

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f o ffi c e and plan t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s by v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B u f f a l o ( E r i e a n d N i a g a r a C o u n t i e s ) , N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o lic y
All industries1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

(5)
13
21
64

(5 )
8
29
62
1
1

27
72
1

_
96
3
1

Public utilities 3

Am ount of vacatio n p a y 6— Continued
A ft e r 12 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
1 w e e k ______ _______________ ________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________ _______
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ______________ ______________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _________________________________________

(5 )
24
5
64
6
1
1

(5)
8
5
73
11
1
1

( 5)
6

(5)
2

( 5)
81
5
7
1

( 5)
74
9
12
1

( 5)
6

(5 )
2

( 5)
48
2
43
2

(5)
6

_
42
-

58
-

(5 )
1
( 5)

_

A ft e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s . -------- -----------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ______________
_______
3 w e e k s _________________________________________ ____
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _________________________________________

_
1
98
1

(5)
7
1
82
5
3

-

(5)

( 5)
3
2
86
6
3
1

( 5)
28
3
64
3

_
1
68
1
29
-

( 5)
7
1
54
4
33
1

(5)
3
2
58
4
33
1

( 5)
45
4

(5)
2

_
1

-

(5)
7
1
29
4
57
1

( 5)
2
2
31
4
60
1

_
27
69
4

_
1
42
54
3

(5)
7
1
29
4
55
4

(6)
2
2
31
4
58
4

_
27
60
13

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __ _____
____________________________________
2 w ppks
,
_
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ____ _________________________________________
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s
_
_ ____
4 w e e k s ______________________________________ _______
O v e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

_
-

51

A ft e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________ _______________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

(5)
19
3
70
2

(5)
11
3
81
3

(5)
6

(5)
2

(5)
19
3
69
3

(5 )
11
3
79
5

-

43
-

56

A ft e r 30 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ______ __ ____________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________ ____________________

1 Includes b as ic plans only. Exc lu de s plans such as v a c a t io n -s a vi n g s and those plans which offer "exte nd ed " or " s a b b a t i c a l" benefits beyond ba si c plans to w o r k e r s with qualifying lengths
of s er v ic e. T y p i c a l of such exclusions a re plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for w h ol e s a le trade; re tai l trade; finance, insur an ce , and r e a l estate; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divi sion s shown separ ate ly.
3 Trans po rta tio n, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data fo r w h ol e sa le tra de , re ta il tr a d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown se par ately.
5 L e s s than 0. 5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "le ngth of t i m e , " such as pe rc en ta ge of annual earnings o r f l a t - s u m paym en ts , converted to an equivalent time ba s is ; for ex am ple , a payment of 2 percent
of annual ea rni ngs w a s co n sid e re d as 1 w e e k ' s pay. P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y chosen and do not n e c e s s a r i l y re fl ec t the individual pr o vi s io ns fo r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r exa mp le, the changes
in propo rti ons indicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e rv ic e include changes in pr o v is io n s oc c u rr in g between 5 and 10 y e a r s.
E st im a t e s a re cumulative. Th u s, the pro por ti on rece ivi ng 3 w e e k s ' pay or m o re
after 5 y e a r s includes those who re c e iv e 3 w e e k s' pay or m o r e after f e w e r y e a r s of s e r v ic e .




27

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p lo y ed in estab lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
health, in su ra n c e , o r pen sion b en efits, 1 B u ffa lo (E r i e and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)

O F F IC E

PLAN T W O R KE R S

W ORKERS

Type of ben efit
A l l i n d u s t r ie s

A l l w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------- -----------

2

4
M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b li c u t i l i t i e s 1 4
3
2

A ll i n d u s t r ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b li c u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

96

97

99

94

98

99

49

62

37

54

55

53

83

100

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g:
L ife i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------A c c id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n c e ------ -----------------------------------------------S ickn ess and acciden t in su ra n c e o r
sick le a v e o r both 56
----------------------------------------

89

61

81

85

76

Sick n ess and acciden t in s u ra n c e -------------Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d )------------------------------------------Sick le a v e (p a r t ia l pay or
w aitin g p e r io d )-------------------------------------------

51

80

22

71

83

46

68

67

46

14

9

27

3

1

12

5

3

19

H o sp ita liz a tio n in s u ra n c e -------------------------------S u rg ic a l in s u ra n c e -------------------------------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e _______________________________
C a tastro p h e in s u ra n c e ------------------------------------R etire m e n t pen sio n ------------------------------------------N o health, in su ra n c e , o r pen sion plan ---------

94
92
75
62
84
1

98
97
80
51
91
1

100
100
93
77
56

95
94
66
21
78
1

99
98
67
16
85

100
100
82
72
73

(6
)

1 Includes those plans fo r w hich at le a s t a p art of the cost is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r, except those le g a lly re q u ire d , such as w o rk m e n ’ s com pensation, s o c ia l se cu rity , and r a ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
2 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le trade; re t a il trade; finance, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
4 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
5 U n duplicated total of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g sick le a v e o r sick n ess and acciden t in su ran ce shown s e p a ra te ly b e lo w . Sick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to those w hich defin itely e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im um n u m b er of d a y s' pay that can be expected by each em p lo y ee. In fo rm a l sick le a v e a llo w a n c e s d eterm in ed on an in d ivid u al b a s is a r e excluded.
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p ercen t.




28

T ab le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l p a id s ic k l e a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , B u f f a l o ( E r i e a n d N i a g a r a C o u n t i e s ) , N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)

O FF IC E W O R K ER S

P LA N T WORKERS

Sick leave provi sio n
All industries

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________
W o r k e r s in est ablishments providing
f o r m a l paid sick leave ___________________________
W o r k e r s in est ablishme nts providing
no f o r m a l paid sick l e a v e __ ____________________

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

100.0

100.0

71.0

67.9

58.3

29.0

32.1

41.7

30.5
24.8
9.9
5.6
2.7
5.8
3.9
1.3
.1

24.8
23.8
6.9
5.7
5.3
1.1
-

17.1
7.1
.8
.5

100.0

All industries 3

100.0

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100.0

100.0

19.6

12.7

45.7

80.4

87.3

54.3

9.3
8.4
4.3
.6
.7
.7
.3
.9

7.4
7.4
3.2

13.8
4.6
.3
2.8

5.0
2.8
2.0
.3
.1

2.1
.5

Type and amount of paid sick
leave p rov id ed annually
Un if or m plan: 4
No waiting p e r i o d ________________________________
Full pay 5------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------10 d a y s _____________________________________
22 days per d is a bi li ty ---------------------------Fu ll pay plus part ia l pay 5------------------------5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------135 d a y s -------------------------- ------ ----------------P a r t i a l pay o n l y ------------------------------------------Waiting p eriod, full p a y ---------------------------------

-

-

Grad uat ed p l a n 4— Af te r 1 ye a r of se rv ice :
N o waiting p e r i o d ________________________________
F u ll pay 5______________________________________
5 d a y s __ ____________________________________
10 d a ys ______________________________________________
15 d a ys ______________________________________________
40—50 d a y s _________________________________________
F u l l pay plus p a r t i a l pay 5_________________
5 d a y s ________________________________________________
Waiting period 5 ________________________________________ _
Fu ll pay plus p artial p a y __________________
P a r t i a l pay o n l y ______________________________

34.1
29.8
11.1
7.8
1.6
4.6
4.3
1.9
6.4
6.0
.4

42.5
38.3
3.3
15.3
3.0
9.0
4.2
3.7
.6

Gradua ted p la n 4 — Af te r 10 ye a rs of serv ic e:
No waiting p e r i o d --------------------------------------------------------Fu ll pay 5______________________________________
20 d a y s _____________________________________
50 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------60 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------80 d a y s — ....................... ......... — ........ .....
85 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------80—90 d a y s -------------- ------ ---------------------- —
F ul l pay plus part ia l pay 5------------ -----------50 d a y s _____________________________________
65 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------70 days ------------------------------ --------- ........ .
Waiting p e r i o d 5 -----------------------------------------------Full pay plus p artial p a y __________________

38.6
28.6
5.6
9.6
1.6
.8
.1
4.6
10.0
1.2
1.4
3.2
1 8
1.6

42.5
36.1
11.0
4.1
3.0
1.5
9.0
6.3
1.8
.6

5.3

7.9

-

.6

-

-

10.0
10.0
-

3.4
1.4
-

-

1.2

_

-

_

1.6
1.6
2.0

7.3
2.8
.3

2.1
.5
.4

1.0
27.7
.9
24.7
12.2
12.2

( 6)
.1
4.6
1.6
1.4
1.4
2.0

.1
1.6
1.6
2.0

-

-

1.7

3.8

4.1

-

_

_

2.2
2.0
3.9
2.1
1.7

29.0
1.4

10.5

.4
. 1

_

37.9
37.0
.9

-

9.2
-

_

2.0
-

-

9.2

-

2.0

-

_

_
10.5
10.5
21.4
17.9
2.7
31.1
_
-

31.1
10.5
2.7
17.9
.8
-

P r o v is io n s for accumulation
W o r k e r s in establis hme nts having
provi sio ns for accumulation of
unused sick l e a v e ------------------------------------------------

3.9

1 Includes data for w h o le sal e trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separ ate ly.
2 Tra nsp ort ati on , communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for w ho le sa le trade, retail trade, r e a l estate, and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 " U n i f o r m plans" a r e defined as those f o r m a l plans under which an employee, after 1 y ea r of s e r v i c e , is entitled to the same num ber of da y s ' paid sick leave each year .
" Gr ad u at ed
pla ns" a re defined as those f o r m a l plans under which an e m p lo y e e 's leave v a r i e s ac cordin g to length of s e r v i c e .
P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y chosen.
E st im at es reflect pro vi si ons a p p l i ­
cable at the stated length of s e rv ic e but do not re flect prov is io ns for pr o g r e ss i o n .
Thus, the pr oport ion rec ei vi ng 15 da y s ' sick leave after 10 y e a r s of s er vi ce m ay als o r ece iv e this amount
aft er g r e a t e r or l e s s e r lengths of se rv ice .
’ M a y include provi sio ns other than those presented sep ara tely. N u m b e r s of days shown under " F u l l pay plus par tia l pay" a r e days for which w o r k e r s recei ve sick leave at full pay; w o r k e r s
a r e entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.
6 L e s s than 0.05 percent.




29

Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s , 1 b y ty p e o f p la n ,
B u f f a l o ( E r i e an d N i a g a r a C o u n t i e s ) , N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1964)
O FF ICE W O R K ER S

P L A N T W O R K ER S

Type of plan
All industries 1
2

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

100

W o r k e r s in establishments providing
p r o fi t -s h a r in g p l a n s _______________________________

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

10 0

10 0

1

4

2

1

14

6

P l a n s providing for current
d is tr ib u ti o n _____________________________________

9

3

1

P l a n s p roviding for d e f e rr e d
dis tr ib ut io n _____________________________________

5

3

-

P la n s providing for e m p lo ye e 's choice of
method of d is tr ib ut io n ________________________

1

W o r k e r s in establishments providing no
p r o fi t- sh a ri n g pl ans _______________________________

86

100

4

P l a n s providing for both cu rrent
and d e fe r r e d dis tr ib u ti on ____________________

10 0

Public utilities 3

94

99

96

98

100

-----------------------------------------------------------i

1 The study wa s limited to f o r m a l plans (1) having es tablish ed f or m u la s for the allocation of profit sh a r e s among employ ee s; (2) whose fo rm u la s w e r e communicated to the em ployees in
advance of the determination of profits; (3) that re p re se n t a commitment by the company to make perio dic contributions b a s e d on profits; and (4) in which eligibility extends to a m aj o rit y of the
offi ce or plant w o r k e r s .
2 Includes data for who le sal e trade; re tai l trade; finance, in su rance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry d ivisions shown separately.
3 Tr an sp ort ati on, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for w ho le sa le tra de , re tai l tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry di visions shown separately.




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsm an. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsm an-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not com parable to data previously
published. In areas where current em ploym ent and earnings information
was collected largely by m ail this year and w ill be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsm an and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
inform ation for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of c alls handled and
types of inform ation provided. The com bination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is com parable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

30

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content. Because of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions m ay
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field econom ists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, bills, and invoices on a m achine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billin gs or shipping charges or perform other cle ric al work incidental
to billin g operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping m achine (Rem ington Rand, Elliott: Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determ ines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, m achine (billing m achine). Uses a special billin g m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc. , which are
com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and invoices
from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
m em orandum s, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined
discounts and shiDoinc charges and entrv of necessarv extensions
which m ay or m ay not be com puted on the billin g m achine, and
totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the b ill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts p ay ab le , payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billin g described
under b iller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, m achine (bookkeeping m achine).
Uses a bookkeeping
m achine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Rem ington Rand, e t c . , which
m ay or m ay not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’ bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger record. The m a ­
chine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and com putes and usually prints au tom atically the debit or
credit balan ces.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com plete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishm ent's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

31

32
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

33
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical woik.

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as
in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine woik.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full” telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

34

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

35
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A, Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse-who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a com bination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwodc and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




36
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

37

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Woik involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required* In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of woik from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming woik. Work inCUS T ODI AL

AND

I

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
ERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following;
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

39
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in dripping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-poweied
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys.
A list o f the la test a v a i la b le bu lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d bel ow . A d i r e c t o r y indicating dates of e a r l i e r studies, and the p r i c e s of the bulletins is
a v a i la b le on r e q u e s t. Bulle tins m ay be p u r c h a s e d fr o m the Superintendent of Do cu m e nts, U. S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O ff ic e . Wash ington, D. C. , 20402,
or f r o m any of the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s o ff ic es shown on the inside front co v er .

A rea

B ulletin
-her
and i-) v l .

A k r o n , Ohio , June 1964 1______________________________________
A lban y—
Schenecta dy— r o y , N. Y . , M a r . 1964 1
T
____________
A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1964 1________________________
Alle ntow n—B e t h le h e m —E as to n , P a . — . J. , F e b . 1964 1
N
__
Atl anta, G a . , M a y 1964 1______________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d. , N o v . 1964 1 _________________________________
Beau m o nt— o r t A r t h u r , T e x . , M a y 1964 1
P
_________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1964 1
______________________________
B o i s e City, Idaho, July 1964 1
_________________________________
Bos ton , M a s s . , Oct. 1964 1
___________________________________

1385-80, 25 cents
1385-52, 25 cents
1385-61, 25 cents
1385-53, 25 cents
1385-73, 25 cents
1430-27, 30 cents
1385-70, 25 cents
1385-63, 25 cents
1430-1,
25 cents
1430-16, 30 cents

B u ffa lo , N. Y. , D e c . 1964 1___________________________________
B urli n gton , V t . , M a r . 1964__________________________________
Canton, Ohio , A p r . 1964 1____________________________________
C h a r le s t o n , W . V a . , A p r . 1964 1
____________________________
C h ar lo tt e , N. C. , A p r . 1964 1
_________________________________
Chattanooga, Te nn. — a . , Sept. 1964 1 ________________ _____
G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1964 1____________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio —
Ky. , M a r . 1964 1__________________________
C le v e la n d , Ohio , Sept. 19641 ________________________________
C o lu m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1964 1 _________________________________

1430-36, 30 cents
1385-47, 20 cents
1385-64, 25 cents
1385-57, 25 cents
1385-55, 25 cents
1430-10, 25 cents
1385-66, 30 cents
1385-58, 25 cents
1430-13, 30 cents
1430-18, 30 cents

D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1964 1 ____________________________________
Da ven port—R o ck Island— o l i n e , I o w a M
Ill. , Oct. 1964 1________________________________________________
Da yton, Ohio, Jan. 1965_______________________________________
D e n v e r , C o lo . , De c. 1964____________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Io wa, F e b . 1964 1_______________________________
De tro it, M ich . , Jan. 1964____________________________________
F o r t W o r th , T e x . , N ov. 1964 1_________________________ _____
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , Aug. 1964 1________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S. C. , M a y 1964 1_________________________________
Houston, T e x . , June 1964 1___________________________________

1430-25,

30 cents

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25

Ind ian apolis, Ind. , N o v. 1964_________________________________
Ja ckson , M i s s . , F e b . 1964 1__________________________________
J a ck so n v ille, F l a . , Jan. 1964________________________________
K an sa s City, M o . — an s. , N o v. 1964_______________________
K
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l, M a s s . — H. , June 1964 1__________
N.
Little Rock— o r th L ittle Ro ck , A r k . , A ug. 1964 1_______
N
L o s A n g e le s —Long B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r . 1964 1
____________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky. —Ind. , F e b . 1964_____________________________
L u bbo ck , T e x . , June 1964 1
____________________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , A ug . 1964 1_______________ _____________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . , Jan. 1964 1_________________________________

B ulletin n u m be r
and p r i c e

M i a m i , F l a . , De c. 1964_______________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1964________________________________
M i n n e a p o l is —
St. P a u l , M i n n . , Jan. 1964__________________
M u s k e go n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 19 641_________
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y City, N. J. , F e b . 1964 1________________
N e w Haven, Conn. , Jan. 1965________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1964_______________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y. , A p r . 1964 1_______________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
Hampton, V a . , June 1964___________________________________
O k la h o m a City, O kla. , Aug. 1964 1
__________________________

1430-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1430-34,
1385-42,
1385-72,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
40 cents

1385-77,
1430-5,

20 cents
25 cents

O m a h a , N e b r . —Io wa, Oct. 1964______________________________
P a t e r s o n —Clifto n— a s s a i c , N . J. , M a y 1964 1
P
_______________
P h i la d e lp h i a , P a . - N . J. , No v. 1964 1_______________________
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1964 1_________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1964___________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v. 1964___________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r eg. —W ash. , M a y 1964 1________________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t , R . I . — a s s . ,M a y 1964___________
P
M
R a le i g h , N. C. , Sept. 1964____________________________________
R ichm ond , V a . , N ov. 1964___________________________________

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25 cents
25 cents
35 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

___________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., A p r . 19641
St. L o u i s , M o . —111. , Oct. 1964 1 __________ .________________
Salt L a k e City, Utah, De c. 1964 1 ___________________________
Sam Antonio, T e x . , June 1964________________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e — n t a rio , C a li f. ,
O
Sept. 1964_______________________________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , Sept. 1964 1_______________________________
Sam F r a n c i s c o — ak la nd , C a l i f . , Jan. 1964 1________________
O
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1964 1
____________________________________
Scranton , P a . , Aug . 1964_____________________________________
Seattle, W a s h . , Sept. 1964____________________________________

1385-60, 25 cents
1430-22, 30 cents
1430-33, 25 cents
1385-74, 20 cents
1430-8,
1430-12,
1385-36,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1430-30, 25 cents
1385-41, 25 cents
1385-32, 20 cents
1430-26, 25 cents
1385-76, 25 cents
1430-7,
25 cents
1385-59, 30 cents
1385-50, 20 cents
1385-75, 25 cents
1430-4,
25 cents
1385-35, 25 cents

Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k . , Oct. 1964_____________________________
South B en d , I n d ., M a r . 1964 1________________________________
Spokane, W a s h . , M a y 1964___________________________________
T o le d o , Ohio , F e b . 1964______________________________________
T r e n to n , N . J. , De c. 19641 __________________________________
W ash in gt on, D. C . — d . — a . , Oct. 19641 __________________
M
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1964 1______________________________
W a t e r l o o , Io wa, No v. 19641 _________________________________
W i c h i ta , K a n s . , Sept. 1964 1_________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1964 1
_______________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1964 1________________________________________

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102