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Occupational Wage Survey
BUFFALO, NEW YORK
DECEMBER 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-29




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
BUFFALO, NEW YORK




DECEMBER 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-29
February 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




P refa ce

Contents
Page

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics annually con du cts
o ccu p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in 82 la b o r m a rk ets.
The
stu d ies p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in gs and re la te d
su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fit s .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t fu rn ish in g
tren d data and a v e r a g e ea rn in g s is r e le a s e d w ithin a m onth
o f the c o m p le t io n o f e a c h study.
This bu lletin p r o v id e s
ad d ition a l data not in clu d e d in the p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t .

In trod u ction _______________________________________________________________
W age tre n d s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s --------------------------------------T a b le s :
1.
2.
3.

T w o b u lle tin s, b r in g in g tog eth er the resu lts o f a ll
o f the a r e a s u r v e y s , a r e is s u e d a fter c om p letion o f the
fin a l a r e a b u lle tin in the c u r r e n t round o f su r v e y s.
The
f ir s t o f th ese b u lle tin s w ill be a v a ila b le late in 1962 and
the oth er e a r ly in 1963.
D u rin g the su rv ey y ea r, s u m ­
m a r y r e le a s e s p r e s e n tin g a rea w id e o ccu p a tion a l earn in gs
data fo r 25 to 30 la b o r m a rk e ts , a re is su e d as data
b e c o m e a v a ila b le .
T h is b u lle tin w as p r e p a r e d in the B u rea u 's r e ­
g ion a l o ffic e in New Y o rk , N. Y. , by H arold A. B a rletta ,
u nder the d ir e c t io n o f F r e d e r ic k W. M u eller, A s sis ta n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r W a ges and In du stria l R ela tion s.




1
3

A:

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f su r v e y _________
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and
s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s -------------------------------------------------------------------In d exes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e
h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s, and
p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ___________________

2

4
4

O ccu p a tion a l ea rn in g s : *
A - 1. O ffice o c cu p a tio n s— e n and w om en _____________________
m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s— e n
m
and w om en _______________________________________________
A - 3. O ffice , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
o c cu p a tio n s— en and w om en co m b in e d ________________
m
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p o w e r p i ant occu p a tio n s _______________
A - 5. C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t o ccu p a tio n s ________

9
10
12

A p p en d ixes :
A . C hanges in occu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s __________
B. O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s _______________________________________

15
17

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s fo r th ese ite m s and a ls o
ta bu la tion s on esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry
w age p r o v is io n s a re a v a ila b le in p r e v io u s a r e a r e p o r ts
fo r B u ffa lo and fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s .
A d ir e c t o r y i n ­
d ica tin g the a r e a s , dates of study, and p r ic e s o f th ese
r e p o r t s is a v a ila b le upon req u est.
A c u r re n t r e p o r t on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and
su p p lem en ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s in the B u ffa lo a r e a is a ls o
a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in e ry in d u str ie s (A p r il 1961). Union
s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le
fo r the fo llo w in g tra d e s or in d u s tr ie s : B u ild in g c o n s t r u c ­
tion,
prin tin g, lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and
m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

m

5
8




Occupational Wage Survey— Buffalo, N.Y.
Introduction

are presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data




1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n t ie s ), N . Y . , 1
b y m a jo r in d u s t r y d iv is io n , 2 D e c e m b e r 1961
N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ithin
scope of
stu dy 1
3
2

In d u s tr y d iv is io n

Al l

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s

Studied

W ithin
scope of
study

S tu died

695

M a n u fa ctu rin g

---------

--------

-------------

------

-------- -----

T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 ____________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e 56 -------------------- ----------------- ----------------------R e ta il t r a d e 5 — ------------------- — ----------------------------------- _
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 5 __ __ __ _ __ _
S e r v ic e s ■ .
...............................................................................

198

2 2 1 ,2 0 0

1 5 2 ,4 0 0

376
319

108
90

150, 000
7 1 ,2 0 0

109, 340
4 3 ,0 6 0

63
68
105
36
47

27
15
24
11
13

23,
5,
27,
8,
6,

800
900
100
300
100

1 9 ,7 0 0
1, 850
14, 670
3, 980
2, 860

1 The B u ffa lo S tan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is tic a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s .
The " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s
sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t i o n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s
a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e
(1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s t a b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r i o d s tu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T he 1957 r e v i s e d e d it io n o f the Stan d ard In d u s tr ia l C la s s i fi c a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a jo r
c h a n g e s f r o m the e a r l i e r e d it io n (u s e d in the B u reau*s la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s c o n d u c te d p r io r to July 1958) a r e the t r a n s f e r o f m ilk p a s t e u r iz a t io n
plan ts and r e a d y - m ix e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b lis h m e n t s f r o m tr a d e ( w h o le s a le o r r e t a il) to m a n u fa c tu r in g ,.'a n d t h e jtr a n s fe r o f r a d io an d t e le v is i o n b r o a d c a s t in g
f r o m s e r v i c e s to the t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n t s w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m - s iz e lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
A ll o u t le ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f
c o m p a n ie s in s u ch in d u s t r ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and m o t io n - p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
5 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n ,
o f data f o r this d iv is io n i s not m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e e n o u g h data
to m e r it s e p a r a t e study, (2) the s a m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u f fic ie n t o r in a d eq u a te to
p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s i b il i t y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
6 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sio n s, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method ueed in computing a new trend
series (table 2). This series initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey programs to 82 areas will replace the old series (1953 base) shown
in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and job descriptions since the start of
the old series called for a reexamination of the jobs and job groupings for which
trends were to be computed.
The new seriee covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with
the following exceptions: The women clerical group is replaced by an office
clerical group (men and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
men and women. Changes were also made in the jobs included within job group­
ings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas.

4

T a b le 2. P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a l a r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p s in B u ffa lo (E r i e and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s ), N. Y . ,
D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 to D e c e m b e r 1961, and O c t o b e r 1959 to D e c e m b e r I960
D e c e m b e r I960
to
D e c e m b e r 1961

I n d u s try and o c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) __ ______________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) ______________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en ) -------------------------------------------------U n s k ille d plant (m en ) ______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) _________________________
I n d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) ____________ _______
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en ) -------------------------------------------------U n s k ille d plant (m e n ) -----------------------------------------------------------

T a b le 3.

O c t o b e r 1959
to
D e c e m b e r I960

. 2
.0
2. 5
2. 3

3. 6
5. 8
4. 3
4. 5

. 1
1. 5
2. 3
1 .9

3. 6
6 . 2
4. 3
4. 1

2

2

2

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in B u ffa lo ( E r i e and N ia g a r a C o u n t ie s ), N. Y . ,
D e c e m b e r I960 and D e c e m b e r 1961, and p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d e x e s
( A p r il 1953 = 100)

P ercen t in c re a s e s fro m —

In d u stry and o c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p
D e c e m b e r 1961

D e c e m b e r I960

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) ____________________________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) ----------------- ----------------------------S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en ) ------------------------ ----------------------U n s k ille d p lant (m en ) ______________________ ________ ____

1 3 9 .6
1 4 6 .4
145. 7
146. 0

136.
143.
142.
143.

M a n u fa ctu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) ____________ ____________ _______
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) ______________________ _____ __
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en ) _______________________ _______
U n s k ille d plant (m en ) ------------ ---------------------------------------- -

141.
147.
145.
147.

139. 3
144. 7
1 4 1 .8
1 4 4 .4




1
5
2
0

5
5
1
0

D e c e m b e r I960
to
D e c e m b e r 1961

2. 3
.0

2

2 .6
2

.

1

1. 3
2 .0

2 .4
1 .8

O c t o b e r 1959
to
D e c e m b e r I960

S e p te m b e r 1958
to
O c t o b e r 1959

S e p t e m b e r 1956
to
S e p t e m b e r 1958

3.
5.
4.
4.

2
2
3
5

2 .8

11

3 .8
3. 8
3 .4

12

3.
5.
4.
4.

0
7
3
1

2. 2
3 .8
3 .8
4. 5

.6
. 2
9 .8
12. 0

1 3 .4
.0
9. 6
11. 6

12

S e p t e m b e r 1954
to
S e p t e m b e r 1956

9 .4
8 .6

.0
9 .9

A p r i l 1953
to
S e p t e m b e r 1954

5. 3
7. 9
.7
7. 6

12

6

9 .8
9 . 2
1 1 .9
1 0 .4

6 . 3
7 .8
6 .7
7. 8

Occupational Earnings

5

Ta b le A -l. O ffic e O ccu p atio ns-M en and W om en
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n t ie s ), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv isio n

Number
*

N UM BER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EA RN IN G S OF
$

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly ,
earnings1
(Standard)

$

40.00 45.00

$

50.00

$

55.00

$
6 0 .0 0
~

45.00

50.00 55.00

6 0 .0 0

$

$

65.00 70.00
“

$

$

75.00 80.00
“

”

65.00 70.00 75.00

80.00

85.00

$

$

$

90.00

95.00

90.00 95.00

1 0 0 .0 0

85.00

"

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
“

"

105.00

1 1 0 .0 0

115.00

1 2 0 .0 0

and
"
"
“
“
125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A -----M anufacturing __ _________ __ -------„
-----E rie County _____
N iagara County ----------------------------N onm anufacturing ------------ ---------------

301
200

152
48
101

39. 5 $114.00
119 .0 0
39. 5
40. 0
119.50
118.00
39. 0
104.50
39. 0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ___________
M anufacturing ________________________
E rie County __ ____
__ ----------

152
85

39. 0
39. 5
39.5

91.50
99.00
90.50

C lerk s , o r d e r ____ ___ __ ____ __
M anufacturing _____ — — __ ____
E rie County
__ __ — __ __ __

133
99
93

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

91.50
89.00
87.00

C le rk s , pa y roll _____ __ — _ ______
M anufacturing __ __ ___ ___________ _
____ __
E rie County __ ____

86

76
65

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

____ __ ___________ ____
O ffice boys
M anufacturing ________________________
E rie County __ ____
____ _____

95
53
41

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A
__ __ __
--------------------M anufacturing — ---

68

_

_

_

_

_

5

-

-

-

-

1
-

1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

4

15

14
7
5

1

2
2

1
-

-

2

13

7

12

7
4
3
5

22
10
6

4
12

7

46
38
35
3

50
25
19

42

6

8

8
g

25
14

20
11

22

14

14
14
7
7
-

19
14
9
5
5

22
22

18
4

3
3
3

26
26
24

-

-

2
-

7
7
4
3
-

5

3

16

17

2

16

2

2

16

10

3
3

2

10

13
13

10

-

2

2

-

3
3

5
5

10

-

10

16

2

2

9
3
3

19

10

12

13 .

9

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

26
17
17

17
17
17

2
2
2

21

5

3

.

5

8
6

2

-

1

3
3
3

.

1

3
3
3

9

~

10
10
10

4

10
10

1
1

-

8
8
8

_

_

_

10

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

7
7
7

1
1

"

1
1
1

_

-

-

8
8

10
6

6
-

5
4

6

5

-

2

5
4

15
5
5

-

2
-

4

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

8

119.00

_

_

-

-

1
-

_

1 2 2 .0 0

124.00

-

-

“

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0

6* . 0 0
2

-9

64.50
62.00

12
2

-

39. 5
39.5

115.00
115.00

-

53

-

T a bulating-m achine op e r a to r s ,
c la s s B — _____ ____ __ __ _________
M anufacturing
___ ____ _________
E rie C o u n t y _______________________

90
55
54

39.5
40. 0
40. 0

108.00
117.50
117.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

T abulating-m achine op e r a to r s ,
c la s s C _________________________________

65

39.6

8 6.00

-

-

-

2

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

76.00
76.50
77.50

_

_

-

-

11
10

-

-

37. 5
37. 5

6 0 .0 0

2
2

77
64
45

39.
40.
40.
39.

5
0
0
0

82.00
86.50
87.00
74.00

478
63
40
415

38.
40.
40.
38.

5
0
0
5

57.00
67.50
70.50
55.00

106

-

2
2

-

_
-

17

3

-

3
3

-

1

8

4

5
3

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

2
2
2

24
24
24

1
1
1

.

3
3
3

7

9

1

8
8

2

7
4
-

1
1

_

_

_

.

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
3

2

9
9

10

3
3

11

10

9
9
9

10
6

14

15

11
11

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

4
4

8

-

6

3
3

-

-

2

7

3

5

20

10

8

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

5
4

4
4

8
8

8
8

7
7
7

-

2

17

7

4

5

10

5

7

1

4

1

10
8

6
6

1
1
1

_

-

-

3

13
13
13

_

11

13
13
5

14

8

11
11
11

16
11

6

7
3
-

-

-

10
10

16
10

24
19

30
26

16
15

11
10

1
1

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

39
24

-

22

10

8
8
8

13

-

7
3

22

-

“

-

-

15

4

15

8

-

3

1
-

99

183
9

4
3

67

13
13

-

2
2

2

1

99

1

2

4
4

.

4

4
4

-

_

-

-

_

3

-

2

_

2

7

6

2

6

2

7
7

-

-

5
5
5

-

_

_

_

_

.

.

.

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

6

-

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) -----M anufacturing ______ __ ------------------E rie County
________
______
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) ______ ___________ __ ____
N onm anufacturing ___________________
B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A ________ __
____ ________
M anufacturing ______ _______________
E rie County _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B ------ — ____ __ __
_ _____
M anufacturing __ ________ __________
E rie County _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le,




106
86

62

112

93

122

59.00

-

58
3

47

1

-

174

55

14
26

21

2

10
10

1

57

11

-

14

-

6

3
3

1

2

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

2

10
10

2

_

_

11
11

7
2
2
-

1

1

_

-

-

-

5
5
5

1
1
1

1
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

.
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

.
_

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

“

-

-

_
_
_

_

_

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B u ffa lo ( E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n t ie s ), N .Y . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

s
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
S
$
$
S
$
t
$
$
$
Weekly , 4 0 .0 0 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 6 0. 0 0 6 5. 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 0 0
95.0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 105 .00 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .00 130 .00 135.00 1 40 .00 1 45 .00
earnings *
and
(Standard) (Standard) irnrl < »y
~
~
“
"
~
"
“
“
"
"
■
■
~
■
“
“
=
4 5 . 00 5 0 .0 0 55. 00 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5. 00 8 0. 0 0 8 5 .0 0 90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 15 .00 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 135 .00 140 .00 1 4 5 .0 0 o v e r
Weekly.

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
-

-

-

-

1

24
24

33
2

46
15
9

•31

6

2

50

4
4

31

47

-

-

9

2

3

00
50
50
50

55
55

36
36

54
3

20

2

51

$ 9 3 .5 0

101

3 9. 0
3 9 .0
39. 0
3 9. 0

477
239
163
76
238

3 9 .0
3 9. 5
3 9. 5
39. 5
38. 5

70.
7 8.
7 6.
82.
6 3.

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
E r ie C ou n ty _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

247
146
124

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________ ____
E r ie C ou n ty ------------------------ _
N ia g a r a C ou n ty _____________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________ — _

9 6 .0 0

9 4 . 50
9 0 . 00
50
00
00
00

-

2

9

7
7
4

4
4

11

80
33
31

69
19
13

71
48
36

34
30
19

6

12

11

5

50

23

4

8

4

25
25
24
-

16

8
10

27
18
17
9

-

6

5
5

11
2
2

11

14
3
3

19
9

22
8

40
23

8
10

7

21

24
23
15

14

17

1

16
14

23
15
7

8

6
8
2

6

2

4
4
4

24
16
11

36
30
27

19
3

16

8

15
13

2

1

24
19
5
14
5

1

-

9

4

5

4

1
1

2

-

4

2

22

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

"

-

-

"

-

_
"

5
5
5

-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

_
-

-

9
9

78
78

37
19

58
38

11
11

9
5

2

1

1

-

-

-

"

"

-

"

"

C l e r k s , o r d e r ______________________ _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______
„ -------- __ _
E r ie C ou n ty _________________________

99
79

7 2. 00
7 5. 50
7 3. 50

3
"

3
-

15

12
12
12

3
3
3

2
2

2

30
30
25

1

10

13
4
3

1

10

2
2

68

38. 5
38. 5
39. 0

_
-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _______
_____ __ __ .
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____ _____ __
___ _
_
E r ie C ou n ty _______________ __
N ia g a r a C ou n ty _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

362
267
213
54
95

39.
3 9.
3 9.
39.
38.

50
50
50
00

_
"

5
5

26
9
5
4
17

19
14
9
5
5

39
24
23

46
33
32

68

20

5
5
5
5

7 6.
79.
78.
8 3.
69.

6
2

1

1

15

13

61
58
3
7

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s _________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
----- __ __ _
E r ie C ou n ty __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

390
225
213
165

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0
3 9. 5

72.
7 2.
7 2.
7 1.

00
50
00
50

2

3
3

49
32
32
17

15

-

14

53
29
29
24

67
42
42
25

48
25
24
23

40. 0

7 1. 00

-

5
5
0
5

8 5.
8 4.
8 4.
86.

50
50
50
50

0

00

2

-

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto) ___________

__ _

55

K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A 3 __________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------- ---------- -----------E r ie C ou n ty ________ ______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------ __ -------- __ _

197
106
85

3 9.
3 9.
40.
3 9.

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B 3 _ -----------M a n u fa ctu r in g _____
__ __ __ __ _
E r ie C ou n ty ________ _____ ________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______
__ __ -----P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________

323
148
129
175
40

39.
40.
40.
3 8.
38.

0
0
5
5

7 1.
8 0.
8 0.
6 3.
71.

107

39. 0
3 9. 5
39. 5
38. 0

58.
60.
6 1.
54.

O ffic e g ir ls _______________ „ __ ------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________ _____ _____
E r ie C ou n ty _______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _ ___________ _____

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




112

r

66

37
41

00

2

1
1

4
14
42
32
28
10

38
21

18
17

7
"

19
16

5

8
8
6

8

6
10

8
8
6
2

5

3

18
17

1

"

_
-

_
-

2
2
2

12
6

6
6

5

5

-

1
6

-

"

-

25
14
13

13
5
4

12

16

2

5
4
4

11

1

8

9

1

3

1
1

_
-

"

15
7

1

-

-

4

16

12

3

5

8

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

7

6

2
2

12

32
31
27

2
2

6
6

1
1
1

13

1

25

30
5
5
25

2
2
2

5

3
3
3

26
13

6

-

15
15
14
-

3

"

7
4
4
3

41

"

21
12
12

-

1

-

~

18
18

19

58
10
10

17

48

1

12

6

15
15
14
-

3
3
3

-

"

1
1
1

2

40
40
39
-

12

2
2

38
18
14

20

50
00
00

_
-

00
50
50
00

5
5

36
19

3
3
3

21
10

_

-

_

7

3
3
3

_

4

-

-

-

-

11

1

2

00

8

17

41
5

9

11
2

20

5

38
29
23
9
-

9

11

12

5

8

9
3

11
8
1

2
1

1

36
5 !

20

9
9

3

13
10

7
4

2
1

1

16
16

6
6
6

"

_

52. 50
51. 00

20

-

-

_
-

38. 5
3 8. 5

"

_
~

_
-

206
TSo

20

-

_

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C 3 ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

27
27

"

.
-

_

18
18
5
"

35
30
23
7
5

_
-

2
2

.

57.
6 9.
6 7.
49.

0

_
-

2

"

5
5
5
5

1
1

_
-

2

_

38.
39.
3 9.
3 7.

1
1

3

"

5

-

264
97
77
167

16

10

4
4
4
"

3

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B 3 ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________ _____
E r ie C ou n ty __________________ __ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________ ________

16

2
2

2

7 6 . 00

10

8

12

"

0

_____

2

3
3

3 9.

______

13
5

4
4

52

3

21

6

__ _

C le rk s , file , cla s s A

24

1
1

3
3
3
-

2

2

2

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

.

_

.

-

-

"

"

-

-

-

-

"

-

_
"

.
"

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—
-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Buffalo (E rie and N iagara C ounties), N .Y ., D ecem ber 1961)
.O
ArsiU *
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

%
$
$
$
*
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
Weekly 1 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 6 0 . 0 0 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
.
_
and
46,09., . SQqQO 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r
Weekiyj

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
S e c r e t a r ie s ------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------E r ie C o u n ty ________________________
N ia g a r a C o u n ty _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 -- --------------------------

T7T65

$9375U

68

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5
39.0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l 3 ________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________ _____
E r ie C o u n ty _________ ______________
N ia g a r a C o u n ty ____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ________________ _

1, 156
730
526
204
426
80

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.0
38.5

75.00
78.50
78.00
80.50

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r 3 -----------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
E r ie C o u n ty ___ -____________________
N ia g a r a C o u n ty ____________________
. N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

338
251
139
87

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
E r ie C o u n ty ________________________
N ia g a r a C o u n ty ____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------P u b lic u t il it i e s ^
_ ___

276
113
85
28
163
41

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
E r ie C o u n ty ________________________
N ia g a r a C o u n ty ------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s ^

367
224
192
32
143

52T ~
616

205
344

95.00
93.50
100.00

89.50
105.50

_
-

_
-

39

8

-

11

34
18
14
4

68

63
16
16

100

154

138

-

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

73.00
83.50

-

22

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0
39.5

71.50
73.00
72.50
76.00
69.00
74.50

77
65
48

39.5
39.5
39.5

8 8 .00

192

90
91

39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

T y p is t s , c l a s s A __________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
E r ie C o u n ty _____________________ _
N ia g a r a C ou n ty
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------

397
257
188
69
140

T y p is t s , c l a s s B ________________________
Ma n ^ fa rtn rin g
a fiA nnty
N ia g a ra ("irvnnt'y
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------- -------------------P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ___________________

1, 113
488
411
77
625
103

101

6
11

64
61
3
52

116

-

92.50
94.00
90.50
90.00

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------E r ie C o u n ty ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________ ____

8

63
24
16

-

-

22

77
34
26

2

8

9

2

150
126
92
34
24
13

94
77
47
30
17

103
99
73

71
31

26

9
40
40

8
8

40
31

51
41
24
17

32
22

10

137
11 1

9
4
5
59
-

45
35

88

77

62

-

10

11

47
3

55
-

66

3

34
42
-

71
30
37
7

_

_

_

6

11

24

-

-

-

4
4

22
21

-

-

-

6

7

1
2

25
9

21

32

25

15
7

13

10
2

23
7

14

-

45
13

11

-

10

10

6

8
2

8
2

21

32

15

4

3
3

23
23

8
8

19
19
13

4

6

2

16

“
-

6

22
22
22

-

14
9
5
4
5

10

5

3
32
3

1

6
1

5

16

1

_

98
76
57
19

42

114
69
52
17
45

105
63
53

138
96

_

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________ .
, E r ie C o u n ty ________________________

1

52
41
35

-

9 2.00

85.00

12

-

-

66 .0 0

20
12

-

89.50

76.50

2

18
17
17

-

6 8.00

86 .0 0

-

1

ll

112

2

17

40

-

10

8

17

2

58
38
37

2

1

28

20

1
8
6

6

2

7

5
5
30

69
41
39

101

2

6

46
27
23
4
19
7

7
7
7

1
1
1

32

61

40
36
4
21

2

10

4
4
105
82
25
57
23
48
25
17
8

22

14

97
58
38

23
16

20

5
7

8
22

2

3

8
8

4
4

3
3

4
4
_

1

1

3
_

2

_

_
.

-

-

-

38

14

1

22
22

10
6

15
15
15

4
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

5
5
4

3
3
3

1
1
1

1
1
1

_

1

3

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

3

.
_
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
_

15
7
5
2

8

_

10

16

11
10

8

9
1
1
1
6
6

4
4

15
13
13

12
12

14
14

9

1

-

170
157
105
52
13
3

- !

5
5

4
4
4
-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

5
5
5

9

70.50
77.00
78.00
63.00

4

1

35
13
13

5
5
5

21

22
21

16
16

16

20

15

10
10
10

-

_
_

4

29
3
3
26

1

-

15
4

22

-

22

-

11

1

-

-

1

-

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
37.5

75.00
79.50
80.00
78.50
66.50

45
14

50
43
31

33
33
24
9

74
53
33

38
38

20
20

22
16

26
12

15
5

-

-

14

51

36
32
25
7
4

38.5
39.5
39.5
39^5
38.0
39.5

60.50
65.00
65.00
66.50
57.00
73.00

77

143

204
53
48

135
82

202

68

14
53
14

56
45
41
4

22
1

23

52
39
24
15
13

11

-

1

1

11

15
15

39
24

_
_

89.00
8 6 .00

-

8
8

1

11

14

-

-

15

51

1

-

-

-

1

22
21
1

77

121

151

"

6

11

11

3
31
132
70

8

12

7
116
43
27
16
73
18

1
1

9

-

20
21

_

7
6
6

3

1
1

39
28
16

21

18
15
3
3

10
10

9

2

8

2

9

1
1

4
4
4

1

2
6

2

-

1
1

-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

.

_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

-

12
11
11
1
1
1

1

10

16

4
4

3
3
3

1
1

-

_
_
-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

3
3
3

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

.

_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
-

_

_

_
1
1
1

_
_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_

•_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

1

_
_
_
-

_

_

_
_

-

.
-

_
-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

.

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

6

6

23
23

16
1

17

1

_

17
17

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Standard hou rs r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been r e v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




_
_

65
43
35

1

5

120
12

71
48
39

11

8

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Buffalo (E rie and N iagara Counties), N. Y. , D ecem ber 1961)
N UM BER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A RN IN G S OF -

Average
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weeklw
hours
(Standard)

Weekly .
earnings
(Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
1
t
$
f
$
$
$
S
U n der 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 $8 5 .0 0 *9 0 .0 0 $ 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 105 .00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115 .00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125 .00 1 30 .00 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 155 .00 1 6 0 . 0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 1 7 0 .00
and
and
$
u n d er
7 0 .0 0
7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 105 .00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125 .00 130 .00 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 . 0 0 1 65 .00 1 7 0 .0 0 o v e r

M en

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

$ 1 61.50
163 .00

D r a ft s m e n , l e a d e r ---------- ------------------- _
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________
___ E r ie C ou n ty __ ------------ --------

60
52
45

D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r __________________ __ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ „ -------- __ -----------E r ie C ou n ty ______________________ _
N ia g a r a C ou n ty ---------- ---------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------- -------------------

636
564
480
84
72

39.
40.
40.
40.
38.

5
0
0
0
5

131 .50
132 .50
133 .50
1 2 4 .50
124 .50

D r a ft s m e n , j u n io r _________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------- -----------------E r ie C ou n ty _________________________

349
307
288

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

9 8 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

186
172
127
45

3 9.
39.
39.
39.

1 6 2 .0 0

“

■

■

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

"

"

1

_

35
34
31

38
27
27

8
6

41
37
37

50
48
46

22
21

5

2

11
11
10

3

31
29
23

20

2
2

-

"

“

-

1
1
1

1

9
9
9

29_
29
25

■

20

■

4
4
4

4
4
4

78
46
28
18
32

63
59
41
18

95

4

9

4

30
29
28

17
17
17

~

"

-

50
38
32

4

38
38
35
3

32
27
18
9

-

•

"

5

12

19
13

35
32
31

36—
36
24

19
15

22

10

17

18
18
7

12

5

5

11

5
3
3

50
46 '
46
-

21

6

5

21

2

’ "

2
2

4
-

'

4
4
3

38
36
36
_

-

2

15
15
15
-

1

-

2

10
8
2
2

5
5

7
7
7

1
1

1
1

1

1

-

-

5

67

1
1

4

86

65

1

29
15
.

6
12

-

66

64

12

8
8
8

10

24
24
23

5
5
5

7
1

21
2 21
21

29
29
29
_

1

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

.

1

-

"

-

-

_

_
_

.
_

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------- ------------------E r ie C ou n ty ------------ ------------------- _
N ia g a ra C ou n ty ---------- -----------------

1
2

5
5
5
5

102 .50
104 .00
103 .50
105 .50

5
-

-

-

1
1

1

6

20
16

4

12

23

1 3 ..
13

2
2
2

-

1
1

-

1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rresp on d to these w eekly h ours.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 12 at $170 to $175; 2 at $175 to $180; 1 at $180 to $185; 1 at $190 to $195; 4 at $195 to $ 200; 1 at $215 to $22 0.




2
2
2

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s ), N .Y ., D e c e m b e r 1961)

Number
of

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average I
weekly , |
earnings 1 |
(Standard) |

no
90
65

$ 7 7 .0 0
7 7.5 0
7 8 .5 0

93

N n n m a m ifa rtiiL m r
kk e

i

h’

„ r t-nr s

c la « « R

M n n m anu fortiilin /r
n n a c u ng

5 7 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
70.5 0
55.0 0

122

Mi o
n t„
TT on m a n u- la ctu rin g
V
^
. Y
IN

202

69

1 1 2 .0 0

629

75.5 0
8 4 .5 0
81.0 0
92.5 0
65.0 0

548
346
276
70

52

76.0 0

C le rk s file , c la s s R 3
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________ __________________
F.ri^ fin n n fy
..........
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________

265
98
77
167

57.0 0
70.0 0
6 7 .5 0
4 9 .5 0

C l e r k s f i le , c l a s s C
nm a
a
g

207
160

52.5 0
5 1.0 0

C l e r k s , o r d e r _ __ ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
____ ___________________ ________
E r ie C o u n ty _______________ _________ _____ ___

232
178
161

83.0 0
8 3.0 0
81.5 0

rilp rlf R p a y r o ll
XXa n il fa rh irin jr
T*'.rip riou n ty

448
343
278
65
105

84.5 0

C.1f»rkR,

file ,

c la s s

A 3

. ........ . .

3

. . _

................

8 9 .0 0

8 9.0 0

g
fin m p t n m p * t p r n p p r g t n T fi
TT-ri*. P n n n h r

1
2
3

""

. .

....... .........

391
225
213
166

72.0 0
72.5 0
7 2.00
7 1.50

__________

_____________________

_
........ .
--------------------------------------- ------ -—

1 1 0 .0 0

113.00

201
112

8 5.0 0
8 4 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -----------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________
E r ie C ou n ty ______________________________________

167

9 8.50

120
102

103.00

7 1.00
8 0 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
6 3.5 0
72.0 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C ------------------

109

8 3.0 0

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l -------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________
E r ie C ou n ty ______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

19 8
101

90
97

6 9.5 0
77.00
7 8.00
6 2.00

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ________________________________________
"ManiTfartnring

407
263
193
70
144

7 5.50
80.0 0
80.5 0
79.00
67.00

119
78
83

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________
P y K lir u t i l i t i e s 2
_

1, 175
828
623
205
347
71

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l 3 _____________________________
M p n iifa rtn rin g
....
____ _ _
E r ie C ou n ty _______________________________________________
N ia g a ra C ou n ty __________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _________________________________________

1, 159
733
527
206
426
80

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r 3 _______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________________
T -ri ** flniinty
T
N ia g a ra C ou n ty __________________________________
N n nrna n u fa ctu rin g
___

338
251
139

er t
s
M a nuidC turing -------------------------- ------------------ ----------E r ie C ou n ty
N ia g a ra C ou n ty .

276
113
85
28
163
41

x,
p
JVla.nuia.ctur in g ---------------------— - —----------- *-------------E r ie C o u n t y __—__--------- -------------------- ----------------

S

't

hh

d

N o n r r i a n n f s r . t i i r i n g .. .
P u h l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ...

_____
___

____ __
_ _ _ _ _

f?mi t r h t 'o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e r . e p t i o n i s t.s

...

............

.

M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________________
E r ie C ou n ty _____________________________________
N ia g a r a C o u n ty
N o n m a n u fa r tn r in g
P r | h li c u t i l i t i e s 2

______
_
...............

_ _
_

_

E a r n in g s a r e f o r a r e g u la r w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly s a la r i e s ,
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is j o b h a s b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a re a .
S ee a p p en d ix A.




$

$ 72.0 0

112

87

6 0 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
6 2.0 0
5 6 .5 0
9 3.5 0
9 5.5 0
9 4.0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

8 9 .5 0
105.00
75.0 0
78.5 0
78.0 0
8 0.5 0

367
224
192

32
143
22

N ia g a ra C ou n ty _______
TJ nm a n nfartnrinjr
s r*
T y p is t s , c l a s s R
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________________________
E r ie C ounty ______________________________________
N ia g a r a C ou n ty __________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
____________________________________

1, 152
497
420
77
655
133

1 0 2 .0 0

61.5 0
6 6 .0 0

65.5 0
6 6.5 0
5 8.50
77.00

P r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s

6 8 .0 0

8 9.5 0
9 2 .0 0
92.5 0
9 4.00
90.5 0
90.0 0
73.0 0
8 3.50
8 6 .0 0

76^0

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r _____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________________
E r ie C ounty ______________________________________

60
52
45

1 6 1 .50
163.00
162.00

D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r _____________________________________
M anufact.il rin g
_
_ _
T ■»i
c>
cut nty
X i a g a t a f^nnnfy
J
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

640
558
483
85
72

131.50
132.00
133.50
124.50
124.50

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r ______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________
E r ie C ounty ______________________________________

356
313
294

98.50
9 9.00
99.50

N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) --------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________
E r ie C ounty ______________________________________
N ia g a ra C ou n ty -------------------------- -------------------------

188
174
127
47

103.00
104.00
103.50
106.00

6 6 .0 0

85.0 0

8 8 .0 0

7 1.50

94
71

65

202

M a n u fa ctu r in g T
rn u n ty
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

105.00
109.50
108.50
113.50
9 7.00

345
248
97
284

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A --------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________
E r i e C ou n ty _______________________________________
N ia g a r a C o u n ty —
------------------- --------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2 __ _ ------------_ — ---_
_
^
ca R

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________

338
156
136
182
43

-----------------------------------

82.0 0
8 6.5 0
8 7 .0 0
7 4.0 0

478
63
40
415

--------------

Average
weekly
earnings^
(Standard)

106
89

3

6 0 .0 0
5 9.0 0

77
64
45

cla s s A

Number
of

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto) ------------------------------------------K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A

112

B

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

earnings 1
(Standard)

O ffi c e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

7 1.5 0
7 3.00
7 2.5 0
7 6.00
6 9 .0 0

7 4.50

e x c lu s iv e o f any p r e m iu m pay.

10

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, B uffalo (E rie and N iagara Counties), N. Y . , D ecem ber 1961)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EA RN IN G S OF—

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__ __ __ __ „ __ __
E r ie C ou n ty ______ _________________
N ia g a r a C ou n ty _________ „ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

Number
of
workers

—

389
m ~
283
53
53

$
$
Average
hourly , U nder 1. 90 2 .
‘and
earnings $
under
1. 90
2.
2 . 00

3
3

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce ________*______
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
E r ie C ou n ty _________________________
N ia g a r a C ou n ty _____________________

1, 076
1, 047
745
302

3.
3.
3.
3.

14
14
17
04

-

2 . 20

$
$
2. 30 2 .4 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 90 3. 00 3. 10 3 .2 0 3. 30 3 .4 0 3. 50 3 .6 0 3. 70

3. 80

$
3 .9 0

4 .0 0

$
$
4. 10 4. 20

10

2 . 20

2. 30

2. 40

2.

3. 90

4 .0 0

4 . 10

4. 20

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y _____ __ _______ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___
__ __ __ __ __
E r ie C ou n ty ______ _____ _________
N ia g a r a C ou n ty _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

605
4 94
378
116

2.

82

$

8

_
-

-

8

~

.
_

_

8
8

6

-

-

2

5

.
_

4
4
4

14
14

3
3

10

1

-

"

4

2

31
31

1

41
41
41
-

41
17

9

r

2

2
6
1

.

6

-

9

1

_

_

171

H e lp e r s , m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s
-------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
„
-------- ------ ----E r ie C ou n ty _________________________
N ia g a r a C ou n ty ______ _____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________ — ______
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 _ -------- --------------

862
773
644
129
89
58

2 .6 7
2. 71
2. 77
2. 43
2. 31
2 . 39

15
15
4

16
16
16
-

10

-

M a c h i n e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s ,
t o o lr o o m ______________ -___ _____________ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______ — — _____ __
E r ie C ou n ty _________________________

506
50£
488

3. 17
3. 11
3. 17

-

983

3.
3.
3.
3.

13
13
13
15

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

75
81
79

08
08
13
87

-

68

3.
3.
3.
2.

389
369

E r ie C ou n ty _____ - ___________________
N ia g a r a C ou n ty _____________________

198

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce _____ _________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_____ _____ _________
E r ie C ou n ty _________________________
N ia g a r a C ou n ty _____________________
M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e
(m a in te n a n ce ) ______ __ _____ __ __ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------E r ie C ou n ty _________________________
N ia g a r a C ou n ty _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
"PiiKli r nti 1 H oo ^
i

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce ------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
E r ie C ou n ty _________________________
N ia g a r a C o u n t y --- -------- --------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,




WfT~

759
214

608

244
214
30
364
329
1, 234

~T7TW~
971
228

41
41
1

40

■

2

54
54
39
15

12
l2
2
10

18

55
29

2
2

21
8

-

12
12

11

4
4
7

22

18
15
3

2 .9 0

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3 .4 0

3. 50

17
17
13
4

49
45
34

74
64
38
26

18
16

36
36
36

18
13
13

28
28
28

"

4

67
67
60
7
”

10

2

"

5

33
30
30
~

27
26
19
7

77
77
37
40

118
118
76
42

159
159
96
63

230

156
156
156
-

66
66

67
65
65

-

-

20

62
59
51

127

44
43

42
36
36

7
7
7

8

62
61
37
24

6

-

2.

5
5
5
-

3. 70

3. 80

4. 30

6

1

4

666

94
132

81

6

'

■

1

~

46
46
37
9

_

-

5
5
5
-

2
2
2

22
22

1

1

1

1

1
1

1

1

1

4
4
4

1
1

22

1

-

9
4
9

"

-

-

-

-

■
9
$
9
-

~

22

_

62
22

-

1
1
1

-

-

”

_

_

11

1

1

3

1

36
64
34
~

27

49
49
25
24

52
51
27
24

21
21

4
4

9
t)

-

10
10

4
17

9

.

10

8

46
46
29
17

4

107
95
31
64

124
116
94

60
60
48

41

41
41
41

364
364
364

22

12

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

41
41
41

10
10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

129
129
99
30

6
6
6

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

66

18

19
11

8

102

74
28
25

21
22

-

8

10

2

10

12

8

-

5

26
24

-

"

-

12

-

-

.3
16
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
10

34
34
34

51
51
51

27
27
24

12
12
12

25
25
22

25
65
13

73
73
73

198

-

48
19
48 r r r
14
48
3

89
89
82
7

80
80
54
26

167
167
123
44

155
155
51
104

27
27
27

218
212
212

7
7
7

-

-

"

96
43
36
7
53
53

34

58
53
39
14
5
5

15

49
l6
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

9

238
238
148
90

143
143
123

39
16
16

44
44
44

319
319
319

8
8
8

-

31
17

_

_

_

-

-

2

-

_
_

1
_

-

-

_
_
-

-

1

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

24
24
24

6

8

— r ----- 5“
6

6

26
22

2
-

17
l6
16

63
46
46

173
29
29

16
4
4

-

2
1

1
1

17
17

144
144

12
2

76
76

-

35
13

30
67
27

71
71
71

28

-

36
36

48

-

_
_
-

79
—

r
3

96

71

11

12

3. 60

46
46
41
5
"

8

27
16
16
-

80

2. 70

27
17
7

-

*

-

15
24

60

-

8

-

18
13

■

53
65
61
49

111

s ta t io n a r y b o i l e r ______________

22
20
20

12
1

2.
2.
2.
2.

F ir e m e n ,

-

2. 50

-

-

2. 94
2 . 81
2. 45

2 . 10

$

8

.

$ 2 .9 4
2. %
2 . 96
2 . 96
2 . 82

00

-

36

46

26
16
6

*

103
163
70
33

21
12

9
13
13
121

118
88

30

6
6

20

196
198

-

.
-

_

6
6
6

11

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations!—
-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d i v is i o n , B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n t ie s ), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
N UM BER OF W O RK ERS RECE IVIN G STR AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARN ING S OF—

$ • $
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
. Under 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2. 90 3 .0 0 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0 3. 50 3 .6 0 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 4 .0 0 4 . 10 4 . 20
1$
and
1. 90 under
2 .0 0 2. 10 2. 20 2 .3 0 . .■■2«_4.0 2. 50 2. 60 2, .10 _2,_&0_
3, QP 3, 10 3 .2 0 3. 30 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 9 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 . 10 4 . 20 4 .3 0

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

M illw rights __
__ __
__ —
M anufacturing --------------------------------------E rie County __
N iagara C o u n t y ------------------------------

1, 171
1, 171
759
412

$ 3 . 11
3. 11
3. 18
3 .0 0

M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________
E rie County
N iagara C o u n t y ------------------------------

531
619
401
118

2 .6 8
2 .6 9
2 .7 6
2 .4 6

11
8

P a in ters, m aintenance _ __ __
_____
M anufacturing ________________________
E rie County ____ ___________ : _____
_
N iagara County ________ __ __

313
273
151
122

2. 80
2. 86
2. 84
2 .8 9

P ip e fitte r s , m aintenance ____

784
777
508
269

3 .0 1
3 .0 1
3 .0 4
2. 96

273
2&8
205
63

3. 09
3. 10
3. 12
3 .0 2

_
_

_

924
924
877
47

3.
3.
3.
2.

_
_

O ccupation and industry div isio n

____

M a n u fa c t u r in g

E rie County __ __ __
N iagara County
__ ____ _

_

Sh eet-m etal w o r k e r s , m aintenance ____
M anufacturing ________________________
E r ie

C o u n ty

N ia g a r a C o u n ty

T o o l and die m akers

____

__

M a n u fa c t u r in g
....
E r ie C o u n ty

N iagara County ___________________

30
30
31
98

-

-

-

-

"

■

_
-

_

_

8

4
-

-

_
_
_

-

_
_
_
"

49
49
36
13

93
93
32
61

154
154
21
133

302
302
148
154

95
95
52
43

10
10
6
4

99
99
65
34

149
149
107
42

44
44
41
3

21
21
21

7
7
7

105
105
105

_

16
16
16

15
6
7 ------ 5~
7
6

8
8
8

9
4
4

34
34
29
5

46
40
13
27

49
49
14
35

34
30
22
8

58
56
17
39

25
25
17
8

15
14
14

_
_
-

16
16
16

5
5

5
5
5

24
22
22

5

"

123
123
93
30

114
114
18
96

200
199
95
104

102
101
85
16

19
19
19

■

17
17
9
8

125
124
124

■

15
13
3
10

6
6
6

5
1

4
3
2
1

2
2
1
1

24
24
15
9

12
12
11
1

98
98
47
51

16
16
16

91
91
91

13
13
13

_

3
3
2
1

4
4
4

55
55
40
15

40
40
39
1

60
60
60

48
48
35
13

102
102
92
10

46
46
43
3

57
57
53
4

-

1
1
1

16
16
6
10

_

2
-

_
_
■

"

8

13
13
6
7

300
300
300

"

7
7
6
1

“

-

-

6
6
6 -------T
6
6
“
“
12
12
12

40
31
14
17

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

13
13
13

_
_

1

_

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and la t e s h ift s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 1 at $ 1. 50 to $ 1. 60; 7 at $ 1 . 70 to $ 1 . 80; 7 at $ 1. 80 to $ 1. 90.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




-

-

27
27
27

-

_
-

-

18
18
18

19
19
19

-

88
88
88

_

_

_

-

-

2
2
2

308
308
308

186
186
186

15
15
15

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_
_

_
_

.

_
_
_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_
-

_

_

_

_

12

Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n t ie s ), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
4 ^ ^
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of

workers

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w o m e n ) ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------- --------------------

102
99

G u a rd s -----------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----E r ie C ou n ty __
N ia g a r a C ou n ty

755
718
554
164

------------------- — —
------------------------------____________________
_____________________

hourly 2

A
axningtt 6

$ 1. 27
1. 26
2.
2.
2.
2.

54
55
57
48

S

$

$

.

$

$

$
1 .6 0
1. 70

1. 20

1. 30

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

3
3

45
45

29
29

4
4

2
2

.

2
-

_

2

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

_
-

$

$

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

$
2. 00

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

21
21
7
14

31
31
31
-

33
33
29
4

78
73
38
35

108
108
63
45

78
56
18
38

166
166
158
8

167
167
167
-

2?
29

98
87
73
14
11
10

117
100
79
21
17
14

158
121
85
36
37
34

317
272
226
46
45
30

288
285
159
126
3

293
290
221
69
3
3

156
156
152
4

_

3

-

14
9
6
3
5
5

8
8
5
3

39
37
28
9
2
2

47
46
28
18
1

30
30
26
4

22
22
22

-

-

-

179
172
157
15
7

50
33
33

-

558
234
188
46
324
321

561
472
380
92
89
61

569
552
303
249
17
7

692
385
385

17
1

283
235
170
65
48
48

$

-

-

-

-

8
6
6

12
8
8

_
-

2. 10

S
$
S
t
t
*
S
«
$
2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00

1

$

1
1
1

$

$

$

$

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3 .4 0

3. 50
and

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

over

5
2

1. 00 1. 10
and
u n d er
1. 10 1. 20

14
14

$

3. 00

3. 10

16

_
-

13

-

8
8
3
5

3
3

_

-

-

-

3

1
1
1
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

5
5
3
2

5
5
5
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
E r ie C ou n ty _______________________________
N ia g a ra C ou n ty ----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 ________________________

2. 076
1, 508
1, 172
336
568
134

2. 03
2. 23
2. 22
2. 26
1 .5 0
2. 03

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(w o m e n ) _________________________________ _______
M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------------------E r ie C ou n ty _______________________________
N ia g a ra C ou n ty ----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ___________________

929
256
217
39
673
100

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------- -------------------E r ie C ou n ty ---------------------- -------------N ia g a ra C ou n ty _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 ___________________

59

4
55
1

47
18
11
7
29
2

35
10
8
2
25
1

96
77
75
2
19
2

68
11
11

42
22
22

60
48
48

88
19
19

3
3
1
2

115
13
13

58

59

59
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 68

102

58
6

1 .4 5
1 .9 7
1 .9 3
2. 17
1 .2 5
1. 59

39

314

154

-

-

-

3. 979
2, 585
2, 110
47 5
1, 394
638

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

35
38
38
35
28
42

O r d e r f i l l e r s ----------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------E r ie C ou n ty -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------

691
217
214
474

2.
2.
2.
2.

54
30
30
64

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m en ) ------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________ _____
E r ie C ou n ty -------------------------------------N ia g a ra C ou n ty --------------------------------

644
590
526
64

2. 36
2 .4 2
2. 40
2. 54

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w om en ) --------------------■y
fcr
£ i •
_________________________

162
124
103

2. 11
2. 18
2. 10

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s ---------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------E r ie C ou n ty -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

334
188
168
146

2.
2.
2.
2.

S hipping c l e r k s ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------E r ie C ou n ty --------------------------------------

294
277
255

2. 66
2. 69
2. 71

E r ie C ou n ty

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




47
54
54
38

68
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39

314
4

154

57

-

-

-

20
20

12
2

69
67

58
-

47
-

26
-

22
4
4

11

10
5
5

60
34
30
4
26

-

-

-

-

-

-

58

47

26

18

11

-

-

5

-

.

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

16
16
16

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
-

1
-

21
8
8

_

-

13
13
13

_

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_
-

6
6

_

_

-

106
72
70
2
34
28

-

-

-

-

-

47
8
8

60
26
26

-

-

39

34
5

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

_

198
4
4

59
4
4

39
-

-

19
-

-

-

-

-

194
136

55
13

39
39

-

19

-

-

431
417
413
4
14
7

-

-

7
-

11
2

16
-

_
-

_

-

307

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

.
-

-

-

1
1

25
12
12
13

14
8
8
6

10
9
9
1

10
10
10
-

13
10
10
3

105
87
86
18

31
16
16
15

54
19
19
35

224
13
13
211

154
15
15
139

7

9

16

-

*

-

2
-

_

15
-

51
29
29

29
29
19
10

10
10
10
-

18
18
13
5

63
63
54
9

166
166
160
6

197
197
188
9

2
2
2
-

29
29
28
1

3
3
2
1

23
23
23

_
-

_
-

_

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

3

6
3

_

_

_

_

.

_

.

-

-

31
31
31

8
8

"

14
14
14

10
10

-

80
50
50

.

-

8
8
8
10
10

5
5

8
5
5
3

3
1
1
2

7
5
5
2

14
5
5
9

28
25
21
3

28
9
9
19

35
20
15
15

37
32
28
5

54
33
26
21

50
35
35
15

27
2
2
25

8
5
5
3

3
3
3

1
1
1

6
6
6

1
1
1

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

"

-

-

-

-

-

.

1

3

2

5
5
5

7
7

6
5

3
3
3

16

16
13
13

15
15
15

11
10
10

24
21
16

135
135
135

1
1
1

15
15
15

6
6
6

3
3
3

10
10
10

3
3
2

2
2
2

10
10
6

-

-

_

13

_

.

_

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n t ie s ), N. Y , , D e c e m b e r 1961)
NUM BER OF WORKERS R E CEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EA RN IN G S OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n 1 an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Average
hourly 2
earnings

*

$
1 .0 0

and
u n d er
1 . 10

1 . 10

$

1
1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

$

1 .4 0

282
187
180
95

$ 2 .5 3
2. 50
2. 51
2. 57

3. 103
872
764
108
2, 231
1, 340

2 .6 8
2 . 61
2 . 62

343

2 .4 5
2 .4 7
2 .4 9
2 .4 4

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
2

-

-

- ■

-

-

260

2. 51
2 .4 8
2 .4 7
2. 53
2 . 62

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea vy (o v e r 4 ton s,
t r a i l e r ty p e) _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ _____________
■PiiKlir* u tiliti e s 4

1. 378
1, 165
942

2 .8 2
2. 83
2 .7 5

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r tha n t r a i l e r ty p e) ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------- — -------E r ie C o u n ty -------------------------------

540
235
225

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k l if t ) --------- -------M a n u fa ctu r in g — --------------------------- —
E r ie C ou n ty ----------------- ---------------N ia g a r a C o u n ty -----------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------

1. 593
1, 354
1, 103
251
239

2. 57
2. 55
2 .5 9
2 .4 0
2. 64

611
4 00
326
74

1 .8 1
1 .9 2
1 .7 5
2. 22
1 .4 4

1 .8 0

2 . 10

2 . 20

1 .9 0

2 . 00

11

18
18
18

7

-

“

29

24

9

8

8
8

1
1

2. 51
2. 61
2. 66
2 .3 9

332
254
165
89
78

1 .7 0

2 . 10

$

2 . 20

2. 30

T r u c k d r iv e r s

5

__

___________________

—

E r ie C o u n ty ________________________
N ia g a r a C o u n ty ------------ --------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________ _________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 4 ___________________

2. 51
2. 71
2. 72

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________ _________
E r i e C.minty ........ .
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------- --------------T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V 2 to an d
in c lu d in g 4 to n s ) ______ ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____ _______________
E r ie C o u n ty _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
-------------------'Pii'hlif' u t i l i t i e s 4 ...................

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
f o r k li ft ) _______________ ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________
E r i e C ou n ty

N ia g a r a C o u n ty

________________________

W a tch m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------------E r ie

C o u n ty

_

_

______

N ia g a ra C o u n ty ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ --------------------------

160

142
183

557
185
165
372

2

1

4
-

4

_
____
-

_
_
-

2

_
____
-

-

_
_
_
-

-

-

-

1

2

11
11

1

2

8

3
-

_
-

1

-

1

32
_
32

8
21

_

_

10

22

2
2
2

25
25
24

-

-

1

16

8

-

2. 30 *2. 40
2. 40

2. 50

11
11
8

'
-

10

$

2. 50 * 2 .
2.

60

8
1

26
18
15
3

115
55
53
2

8

12

8
8

60
38

109
89

125

98
7

1

7

2. 70

2 .8 0

$
90

3 .0 0

2 ,9 0

3. 00

3. 10

$

3. 10

$

$

$

3 .3 0

3. 30
3 .4 0

3 .4 0

$

12

3 .2 0

3. 20

3. 50
and

3. 50 o v e r

88

19

10

88

1
1

10

34
3

85

10

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

18

-

31

12

-

-

"

-

-

209

202

171
60
60

9
9
9

67
23
23

178

_

-

-

_
_
-

_

77
65

1382
240
231
9
1142
1140

66

100

545
207
145
62
338
5

111

-

-

-

-

-

36
-

178

15

44
44

“

-

-

53
53
48
-

34

_

-

12

-

-

_

-

-

2
2
2
-

-

-

-

18
18

_

_

_

92

2

23

60

4

2

1
6

2

-

1
1
1

4
4
4
-

10

8
8
16

56
55
4

21

-

7

20

16

14
14
2
2

1

1

91

2

2
32

12
12

30
30

-

-

-

-

-

1

22

21

-

7

-

-

2. 71
2. 72

4

21
21
6
15

"

-

80
77
43
34
3

3
3
3

26
26
26

3
3

33
33
33

4
1
1

51
51
37
14

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

7

-

-

.
8

7

22
12
12

66
37
37

10

29

-

39
39
27
12

11

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

15
4
4

-

-

1

1

3

6
5
5

7
7

26
5
5

1051
882
882

23
20

8
-

55
44
44

36
36

160
160

-

-

-

25
24
22

10
10
8

279
51
48

99
39
36

71
55
55

1
1
1

-

30
30
30

-

-

-

21

14
-

192
24
18
168
168

10 1

272
230
193
37
42

297
284
253
31
13

376
251
246
5
125

54
34
31
3
20

63
63
62
1
-

22
22
9
13

_

98
35
63
3

-

10
10
10
-

-

-

-

232
27
10
17

21
21
15
6

53
53
37
16

66
66
58
8

6
6
6

30
28
28

4
4
4

-

86
62
24

6
6
6

55
55
55

27
23
6
17
4

34
30
1
29
4

4
4
1
3

20
20
6
14

-

-

90

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

7
7
7
-

5
5
5
-

-

-

-

_

16
16
16

-

-

90

140
140
122
18

3
8

7

8

21

57
45
12
33

51
51
36
15

_

83
57
56
26

6
6
6

-

118
19
15
99
83

25
25
25

-

1

36
28
26

%
$
$
2. 70 2 . 80 2 .

38
38
38

24

21

60

18
13
13
5

20
20

2

1 D ata li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
3 In c lu d e s 3 w o r k e r s at $ 0 . 7 0 to $ 0 . 8 0 .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
5 In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




1

$

16
9
9
7

2 . 68

S h ip p in g an d r e c e iv in g c l e r k s --------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------E r ie C o u n ty __ ------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------

4

1 .6 0

$
00

1

1 .2 0

1. 50

$
$
$
$
$
$
1. 50 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .

-

-

_




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (cla s s A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined cla s s e s (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that cla ssifica tion .

Since the Bureau*s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three o ffic e job s were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more s p e c ific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these job s in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year*s bulletin.

R evision s were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

15




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability o f occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field econom ists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills , and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type o f machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
C lass A—
Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)— ses a special billing ma­
U
chine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare b ills and in­
v oices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, e tc . Usually involves application o f prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number o f carbon cop ies o f
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f b asic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
b ills as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowledge o f book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit s lip s .




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A —
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

17

18

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C on tin u ed

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ss is t in preparing,
adjusting and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
C lass B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co s t accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffice s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional b asis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A — an established filing system containing a number
In
o f varied subject matter file s, cla ss ifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
C lass B —
Sorts, cod es, and files u n classified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssifie d material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerica l tasks required
to maintain and service file s.

C lass C —
Performs routine filing o f material that has already

been cla ssified or which is easily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, locates readily available material in file s
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



C L E R K , ORDER

R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sh eet listin g the items
to make up the order; checking p rices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sh eets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from custom ers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled , keep file o f orders receiv ed , and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages o f company em ployees and enters the n e ce s ­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calcu lated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a s s is t paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May u se a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This jo b is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use o f this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon si­
b ilities, reproduces multiple co p ie s o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes n ecessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed . Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used ste n cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, colla te , and staple com pleted material.

19

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R
C la ss A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application o f
coding sk ills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B —Under c lo s e supervision or following s p e cific proce­

dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s sp ecified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or cod es,
missing information, e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and




S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerica l tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain file s, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the follow ing: Work requires high degree o f stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, e tc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

20

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occa sion a lly take telephone orders. For
workers who a lso act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE O PER A TO R-C ontinued
C lass C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accou n t­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions o f a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties o f operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerica l work as part o f regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A —
Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety o f long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports,
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
o f a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B—
Operates more difficu lt tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance o f some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting e xercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more com plex report.
Such reports and studies are usually o f a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell established. May also include the training
of new employees in the b asic operation o f die machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from
written copy and do simple clerica l work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or sp e cia lize d vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssifie d as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make co p ie s o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing o f sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating p rocesses. May do cle rica l work involving little specia l
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, e tc., o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

C lass B—
Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance p ol­
ic ie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

21

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(A ssistan t draftsman)
Draws to sca le units or parts o f drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types o f drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
o f a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing sp ecification s; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or sp ecification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units o f com plete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specia lized field such as architectural, e le c ­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketch es, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficu lt problems. May a ssist subordinates during emer­
gen cies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to scale by
use o f drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength o f materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises o f a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation o f plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies
plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPEN TER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions o f work; and selectin g materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work o f the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




22

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
Installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any o f a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the sk illed maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties o f le ss e r skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and to o ls; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time b a sis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or c h ief engineers in esta b lish ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processin g items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree o f accu racy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feed s, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making n ecessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress to o ls, and to se le c t proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs o f
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

23

MACHINIST, M AINTENANCE—Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common m etals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assem bling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in die plant layout
are required. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and laying
out o f die work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecifica tion s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selectin g standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efectiv e parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
va lves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the veh icle
and making n ecessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work in volves the follow in g: Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the following:
Laying out o f work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecifica tion s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

24

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C ontinued

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, M A IN T E N A N C E -C on tin u ed

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and s iz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating sy ste m s are exclu ded .

types o f sheet-metal-working m achines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop to o ls, ga ges, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written s p e cifica tio n s;
using a variety o f tool and die maker's handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f m achines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to c lo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and s e le ctin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p ro ce sse s. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors o f an o ffice building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. Includes gate-




men who are stationed at gate and check on iden tity o f em p lo y e e s and
other persons entering .

25

JANITOR, PO RTE R, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice , apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish ­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ices; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia liz e in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the s p e c ific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e , and number o f units to be packed, the
type o f container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow in g: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and siz e o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using exce lsio r or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P ackers who also make
wooden b oxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, sh elv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L ongshorem en, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials.
ping work in v o lv e s:

routes,

Ship­

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means o f transportation and rates; and preparing

records o f the goods shipped, making up b ills o f lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records.
direct or a ss is t in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work in v o lv e s:

May

R eceivin g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against b ills o f lading, in v o ice s, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged good s; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLE R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and file s.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specification s on sa les slip s, cu s­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to fillin g orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ss ifie d as follow s:
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receivin g clerk

26

TR U CK D R IV ER

TR U CK ER , POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or p laces o f business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and over-the-road drivers

Operates a manually controlled ga soline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type o f
truck, as follows:

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssifie d by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination
Truckdriver, light (under
Truckdriver, medium (1%
Truckdriver, heavy (over
Truckdriver, heavy (over




o f s i z e s listed separately)
1% tons)
to and including 4 tons)
4 tons, trailer type)
4 tons, other than trailer type)

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆ U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1 9 6 2

0 — 631115


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102