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Occupational Wage Survey

AKRON, OHIO
JUNE 1960

Bu letin No. 1265-59




U N IT E D STATES D E PA R T M E N T O F L A B O R
J a m e s P . M itc h e ll, S e c r e ta r y
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C la g u t, Comniiirioner




Occupation! Wage Survey




AKRON, OHIO
JUNE 1960

B u lle tin N o . 1 2 6 5 -5 9
A ugust I960
U N IT E D STATES D E PA R T M E N T O F L A B O R
J a m e s P . M itc h e ll, S e c r e ta r y
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

C o n te n ts

P age
Introduction

The B ureau of L abor S ta tistic s reg u la rly conducts
areaw id e w age su rv ey s in a num ber of im portant in d u strial
c e n te r s. The stu d ie s, m ade from la te fall to ea rly sp rin g ,
re la te to occupational earn in gs and rela ted su p p lem en tary
b en efits. A p re lim in a ry rep ort is a v a ilab le on com p letion
of the study in each a r ea , u su a lly in the m onth follow ing
the p a y ro ll p eriod stu died. T his bu lletin p ro vid es additional
data not included in the e a r lie r rep ort. A co n so lid ated
an a ly tica l b u lletin su m m arizin g the r e su lts of a ll of the
y e a r 's su rv ey s is issu e d after co m p letion of the final a rea
b u lletin for the curren t round of su r v e y s.

T ables:
1. E sta b lish m en ts and w o rk ers w ithin scop e of su rv ey ______
A: O ccupational earn in gs:*
A - 1. O ffice occup ation s ____________________________________
A - 2. P r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ica l occu p ation s _____________
A - 3. M aintenance and pow erplant occu p ation s ___________
A -4 . C u stodial and m a ter ia l m ovem en t occu p ation s _____

T h is rep ort w as p rep ared in the B u reau 's region al
o ffice in C h icago, 111. , by W oodrow C. L inn, under the
d ire ctio n of G eorge E . V otava, R egional W age and In dustrial
R elation s A n alyst.




B: E sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en tary w age
p ro vision s: *
B -1 . Shift d iffere n tia ls ______________________________________
B -2 . M inim um en tran ce s a la r ie s for w om en office
B -3 . Scheduled w eek ly hours _______________________________
B -4 . P aid h olid ays ___________________________________________
B -5 . P aid vacation s _________________________________________
B - 6 . H ealth , in su ra n ce, and p en sion plans _______________
Appendix: O ccupational d escr ip tio n s ______________________________

* NOTE: S im ila r tab u lation s for m o st of th ese item s are
ava ilab le in the rep o rts for su rv ey s in other m ajor a r e a s.
A d ir e c to r y , in d icatin g date of study and the p r ic e of the
r e p o rts, is a v a ilab le upon req u est.

iii

1

2
Tf vO oo

T he C om m unity W age S urvey P ro g ra m

10
11
12
13
15
17




O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u rv e y — A kro n , O h io
Introduction

This area is one of sev er a l im portant industrial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of Labor* s Bureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a sis. In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
w ithin six broad industry d ivisions: M anufacturing; transportation , 1
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin ance, insuran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese studies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and extractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted also because
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because of the
u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying a ll estab lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
b ased on the estab lish m en ts studied are p resented, th erefore, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice c le rica l; (b) p ro fession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and power plant; and (d) custodial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e . , those h ired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational c la ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ays, and
1 R ailroads, form erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies,
have been added in n early a ll of the areas to be studied during the
w inter of 1959-60; railroad s w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
y ea r. F or scope of survey in this area, se e footnote to "transporta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1 .




late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sched ules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are presented sep arately
for selected occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and wom en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (l) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sex es am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2 ) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ssifie d w ithin
the sam e survey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la r ie s are adjusted on this b asis.
L onger average serv ic e of m en would resu lt in. higher average pay
when both se x e s are em ployed w ithin the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen era lized than those u sed in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m ateria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.
E stab lish m en t P r a c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted a lso (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary b en efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lea d m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
execu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and fo rce-acco u n t construction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded.
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant w ork ers in nonm anufacturing industries.

2

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in A k r o n , O h io ,

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

A l l d iv is io n s

—

_

__ __ __ __ _____

__ _____

__ __

M a n u fa c t u r in g
_
__ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
_ _
__ __ __
___ __ __ __ _____
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r
p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5
__ _ __ _____ _____ __ __
_____ ___
W h o l e s a le t r a d e - ____
____________ ______ _________________
R e t a il tr a d e — —
-------- -------- __ __ ________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _____ __ _____ __ __
S e r v i c e s 7 ____ — __ __ __ ____________________
_________

b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J u n e I9 6 0

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W it h in
scope of
s tu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T o ta l4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o ta l4

51

274

94

104, 300

21, 100

6 6, 300

8 5, 8 10

51
51

112
162

41
53

7 7, 800
26, 5 00

15, 300
5, 8 00

5 1, 900
14, 4 0 0

6 9, 4 4 0
16, 370

51
51
51
51
51

38
30
61
14
19

20
7
15
4
7

10,
2,
10,
1,
1,

3, 900

8, 4 2 0
710
5, 590
960
690

000
700
400
8 00
6 00

2, 200
( 6)

(6 )

(6)
( 6)

(6)
( 6)
(6)
(6)

1 T h e A k r o n M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a (S u m m it C o u n t y ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s i t i o n
o f th e l a b o r . f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r
l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m
th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r e d i t io n (u s e d in th e
B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m il k p a s t e u r iz a t io n p la n t s and r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e (w h o l e s a le o r
r e t a il ) t o m a n u fa c t u r in g , an d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o th e t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e s e r i e s A an d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s in s u f f ic i e n t t o j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f
d a ta .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s ; an d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




a

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p loyer. Separate estim a tes are provided
according to em ployer p ractice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earnings, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percen t of
annual earnings w as con sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w e ek 's pay.

Data are p resen ted for all h ealth , in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p loyer,
excepting only leg al requirem ents such as w orkm en 1 s com pensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m ercia l insurance com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t asid e for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life insu ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is lim ited to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined cash paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer contributes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s which require e m ­
ployer contributions , 4 plans are included only if the em p loyer ( 1 ) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2 ) provides the em ployee
with ben efits which ex ceed the requirem ents of the law . T abulations
of paid sick -lea v e plans are lim ited to form al plans 5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during ab seh ce from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord ing to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2 ) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an undixplicated total is
shown of w orkers who receiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to as .exten d ed
m ed ical insu ran ce, includes those plans which are design ed to protect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n ess and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italization , m ed ica l, and su rgical plans.
M edical insurance refers to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d o cto rs 1 fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insurance com panies or nonprofit organizations or they m ay be
self-in su r ed . Tabulations of retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er's life .

An estab lish m en t was con sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2 ) had form al p rovision s coverin g late sh ifts.
Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (first sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys made prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of wom en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C alifornia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An estab lish m en t was con sid ered as having a form al plan if
it estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sick -lea v e allow an ces, determ ined on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift d ifferential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is presented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t p olicy, 2 p resented in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctice, presented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sifica tio n ’’other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a d ifferential was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resented on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in suran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that these are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are co v ered . 3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
com b in es whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




O c c u p a tio n a l

E a r n in g s

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , A k r o n , O h io, June I960)
Average
Sex, o c c u p a tio n , and in d u str y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY EARN INGS OF

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
Is
$
$
U nder 4 0 . 00 45. 00 50. 00 5 5. 00 6 0 . 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 85. 00 90 . 00 9 5 .0 0 10 0.00 1 05.00 110 .0 0 115.00 120 .0 0 125.00 130 .00 135.00 140.00
and
$
and
u n d er
40. 00 4 5. 00 50. 00
55. 00 60. 00 6 5. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105 .00 110 .0 0 115.00 120 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.001140.00 o v e r

M en
C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s A _ __ _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_ __
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _ __
__ __ „

180
135
45
28

4 0.
4 0.
4 0.
4 0.

0 $ 1 1 4 .0 0
0
119 .0 0
0
9 9.50
0
98.00

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"
-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

-

1

1
1

-

1

4

2

6

26

40. 0

8 8.5 0

_

-

-

_

_

1

1

2

C le r k s , o r d e r ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________

10 1

4 1 .0
40. 0

99.5 0
115.50

_

_

6

3

2

-

1
1

1

-

18
18

30
27

9
9

5
5

3
3

1

64

5 5.0 0
55.0 0

_
-

2

40. 0
4 0. 0

_
-

10

-

_
-

2
2

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s A --------__ — ,______
__
M a n u fa ctu rin g
—
----- -------- -------

82
69

4 0. 0
4 0. 0

102.50
104 .00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ------ ---------------------------------------------

29

4 0. 0

73.00

-

-

-

1

7

2

4

1

77
28
49

4 1 .0
4 0. 0
4 1 .5

68.5 0
69.5 0
6 7.5 0

_

_

_

5

11

22
9

15

4
7

5
5

____________________

13

15

B i ll e r s , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a ch in e ) ________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ ___________

38
26

40. 0
40. 0

61.5 0
6 1.00

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A --------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ----------- -------- — — —

71
25

40. 0
4 0. 5

76.00
9 5.50

203
33
170

4 0. 5
4 0. 0
4 0. 5

_

9

56.5 0

~

9

32
4
28

36

__ __

36

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s A - ------- __
M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g —_ __ -------- __ __
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ----------------------------

273
170
103
41

4 0.
4 0.
4 0.
40.

0
0
0
0

87.5 0

_

_

_

_

1

11

_
-

-

-

-

-

1

~

"

4

1

4

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s B ----------------M a n u fa ctu rin g —
----------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g — -----------------------PiiKli r hHHH ps ^

363

4 0.
4 0.
4 0.
4 0.

0
0
5
0

66.5 0
7 1.0 0
59.5 0
6 9.00

49
18
31
3

53
38
15
4

80
62
18

50
29

40. 0
4 0. 0

7 1.00
72.5 0

"

8
6

4 0.
4 0.
40.
4 0.

54.0 0
62.0 0
5 1.0 0
5 9.5 0

31

39

12

12

19

27
9

O ffic e b o y s _ _ _ _ _
M a n u fa ctu rin g .—

______ __
— __ __

_____

69

68

-

-

_
-

-

-

5

4

1

3

1

—

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s B -

18

9

1
1

12
10
2

8

5
4

-

-

1

9
9

16

12
12

-

_
-

16
16
_
-

_

_

_

16

5
5

3
3

_
-

_

_
-

-

5
5

_
-

4
4

2
2

_
-

1
1

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1
1

*

6
6

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

29

22

-

6
8
2

7
7

_
-

2

_

_

_

3
3

3
3

13
13

16

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
9

_
-

_

11
10

5
4

17
17

18
15

-

-

_

-

3

2

2
2

*

1
1

-

1

-

_
-

_
-

7
7

5

11

1

7

1

3

7

6

5
3

13

12
1

_

_
_

1
1

7

1

3

13

16
15

12
6

12
12

10
10

14

3
13

_

2

W om en
B i ll e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ) ____

XXa r»n fa rtn rinjr

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _—
_________ _________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

—

________

_____

221
142
35

C le r k s , fi le , c l a s s A ___________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g — ______ ____________

44
27

C le r k s , file , c l a s s B ------- -------- -------M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------- -------- -------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------------------------

231
67
164
50

0
0
0
0

58.00

-

-

-

5

-

2
2

2

7
5

12
12

5

-

-

-

18

10
1

47

26
5

47

21

-

-

68.00

92.00
80.0 0
80.0 0

"

-

4
4

1

12

1

12

35
3
32

2

4

-

-

_
-

63
63

-

I
!

23
4
19

4

!

11

-

"

1

-

5

7

4

4

1

-

1

2

24
7
17

26
14

1
1

2
2

18

-

16
1

11

15

3

2

1




10
8

-

_

_

“

-

-

-

26
14

29

37
36

19

16

1

1
1

50
35
15

!

12
11

49
35
14

1

|

5
5
-

5
5
-

|

9

34
31
3
3

1

21
12

33
29
4
4

7
4

2
2

1
1

7
7

2
2

6

5

40
17
23
16

24
14

2
2

5
5
-

2
1

10
10

12
8
10

|

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .

5
5

10

_
-

1

’

2

3

j

_

-

-

-

-

20
16

12
12

1

_

_

_

_

_

4

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

,
1
____ “___ i_____ “__
" i
2

i

1
;

-

-

-

_

1

-

-

-

"

_

2

i

1

;
;
i

-

1

1
1

!

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1
'

i

:

'

-

j

"

-

5
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e

w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s
b y in d u stry d iv is io n . A k r o n , O h io , June I96 0 )

Average
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

Number
of
workers

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Weekly
Jnder
earnings1
(Standard)
l o .o o

$
4 0 . 00
and
under
4 5 . 00

$
$
4 5 . 00 5 0 . 00

$
55. 00

s
$
$
$
6 0 . 00 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

$
$
8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

0 0 . 00 9 5. 00

$

S
$
$
$
$
S
1
$
9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 * 2 5 .0 o J l 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0
'

5 0 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 0 0 18 0 . 0 0

and

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 4 3 5 . 0 0 1 1 4 0 .0 0 :

over

!
W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
C le r k s , o rd e r
_________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

__

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l __
___ ___
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ __

__

__

__

_

__

_

__

57
39

C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________ ___________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________

_____
__

40. 0
40. 0
40. 5

8 1 .0 0
8 3 . 00
7 7 .0 0

_

147
83
64

40. 0
40. 0
40. 5

27

40. 0

-

00
50
50
00

S te n o g ra p h e rs, g en era l
________ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______ __ __
P u b lic u tilitie s 2
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___

__

__

__

____

_

-

-

-

-

52. 00

_

661

39. 5
40. 0

9 2 . 00
9 4 . 00

272
101

39. 0
40. 0

8 6 . 50
9 4 . 50

40.
40.
40.
40.

76.
78.
67.
74.

!
-------------- !

9

17
8

'

3
3

15

12------

“

-

‘

j

-

18
17
1

25
17
8

3
3

5

,

-

5
'

i
j

6
6

2
2
-

_

_

-

-

-

8

5

3
18
17
1
1

_

8

23
15
8
8

"

-

-

5
5
-

4
4
-

5
5
-

i

18
14

9

!

4

12
12
-

|

1

"

9
9

21

31

9
12

32
20
12
| 12

25
22
3
3

17
17
-

11
6
5

-

18
10
8

i
|

11
2

-

2

6

_

1
-

4
-

13
3
10

44

53
31
22

115
63
52
17

87
71
16
1

109
85
24

124

18
26
8

89
67
22
5

39
24

120
95
25
12

72
62
10
7

103
86
17
12

136
122
14

108
104
4
2

112
108
4
4

35
31
4
2

11
10
1
1

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

_

_

,

-

-

j

-

-

!

-

1
i
i

_

-

-

-

-

9

14
2
12

13
13

17
4
13

11
4
7

10
4
6

13
10
3

16
9
7

9
7
2

13
9
4

_

3
3

9
4
5

10
2
8

29
14
15

22
8
14

9
6
3

14
13
1

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
-

6
2
4

14
3
11

17
2
15

39
6
33

4
2
2

13
5—
7

4
4

8
8

4
4

3
3

“

_

’

"

2
2
-

29
19
10
8

19
14
5
4

28
16
12
7

28
21
7
1

18
17
1
1

10
7
3
3

1
-

-

31
3
28
16

1
1

5
3
2
2

-

55
7
48
2

94
60
34
11

136
102
34
16

91
60
31

46
43
3
3

33
27
6

21
21
-

9
9
-

2
2
-

-

-

51

40. 0

6 3 . 00

7

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

"
40
40

47
3
44

19

-

S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t -t i m e
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




-

-

!

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

j

1
4
I
--------3
1

-

-

7

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

;

22

;
j

15
7

9
9
i

5
5
-

1
1
-

5
5
-

!

7

i

-

"

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

3
3
j

_

_

-

-

1
j
!

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

■

'

“

“

1

"

_

.

.

_

.

.

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 ___
_
and

|
--------- ”
-—

"

-

9
-

1
|
1

_

~

_

-

10

137
122
15
12

J
1

_

6 1 . 50
6 6 . 50
5 4 . 50

! 17
i
4
|
1

_

_

40. 0
40. 0
40. 5

25
7

_

23
6

574
334
240

21

-

49
7

50
50
50
50

32

_

-

70.
73.
66.
67.

-

_

9
8

40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0

-

-

5

69
43

-

_

-

171
102

_

_

-

12
12

-

-

_

-

"

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

116
94
22
14

6 6 . 50
7 9 . 50
6 0 . 50

-

-

9

155
132

39. 0

-

-

5

65
16

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

-

_

-

17

_

-

.

11

7
2

-

_

-

-

85

_

-

_

-

25

9

_

_

_
-

-

12
-

_

-

-

|
1
!

-

-

_

2
1
1

10

3

_

!

12
!

_

-

_
"

19
12
12

00
00
00
00

!

_

15
10
5
5

-

-

_

1
I

-

135
43
92

_

-

6

15
------ 7------ 1

_

-

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g en eral
M a n u fa c t u r in g
________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ _

_
_
........... .

20
14

;

_

4

2
2

M a n u fa c t u r in g
___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

24
15

-

_

1

6 4 . 00
6 6 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

.................. ..................

18
18

8

_

"

40. 5
40. 0 !
41. 0 !

c la s s R

i

_

-

101
47
54

--------

"

-

-

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_ __ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
____

.....

14

i

-

39. 5

A

!

-

.................
__ __

M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

12

4

7
4
3

7 0 . 00
7 9 . 50
6 4 . 00

_

6

i

I

2

40. 0

39. 5
40. 0

_

5
3
2

9
3
6

-

127
50
77

__

3
3

10

-

166
70

9

10
-

6 8 . 50
7 2 . 50

0
0
0
0

19

9

■

1 ,0 0 8
842

10

9
-

-

933

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____
_______ _ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
P u b lic u tilitie s 2 .
_ _ _ _ _ _

11
7

1

57

S e c r e t a r ie s

T y p is ts ,

-

7 7 . 50
8 1 .001

129
54
41

. _

c la s s

---------- l

0
0
5
0

183

40.
40.
40.
40.

69.
75.
61.
76.

-

----------r~i

_

_

__

__ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _________________________

T y p is ts ,

1
1

-

119
47

________
K eypu n ch o p e r a to r s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_______________________________

O ffic e g ir ls

$ 6 1 .0 0
6 0 . 00

166

______
___
__ __

40. 5
40. 5

s a l a r i e s a n d t h e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .

-

-

-

1

-

6

Table A -2: Professional and Technical Occupations

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Akron, Ohio, June I960)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
Weekly
hours1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
Under 80. 00 85. 00 $90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 $ o . oo 115.00 120.00 125.00 130. 00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00
n
and
and
under
8 0 .0 0
85. 00 90. 00 _95._00 100.00 105.00 110,00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135. 00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 over
$

$

$

Men
Draftsmen, leader -----------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------- Draftsmen, senior -----------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------- ----------------------- Draftsmen, junior -----------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------

57
56
430
418
357
326

40. 5
40. 5
40. 0
40. 0
40. 5
40. 5

$159.00
160.00
124.00
124.00
99.00
99.50

Women
Nurses, industrial (registered) -----------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------

60
56

40. 0
40. 0

91.50
91.50

.
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

25
25

66

58

52

44

38

29
27
30
30

46
46
15
15

64

-

13
13

3
3

3
3

1

1
1

.

1

5
5
36
31

1
1
43
43

9
9
16
16

“

6
6

3
3

3
3

_

_

_

_

"

-

5

_

9
8

38
28

61

39
36

4

14
13

10
10

11
10

3

.

-

5

-

62

36
36

61
61
10
10
_

51

48

_

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
2 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 7 at $160 to $180; 9 at $180 to $200; 3 at $200 and over.




5
5
14
14
.

13
13
17
17
_

4
4
6
6

2 19
19
6
6

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

7

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Akron, Ohio, June I960)

Occupation and industry division

C arpenters, maintenance ___________________
M anufacturing___________________________
Electricians, maintenance __________________
M anufacturing___________________ ________
Engineers, stationary -----------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Firem en, stationary boiler _________________
Manufacturing ___________________________
Helpers, trades, maintenance ---------------------------M anufacturing___________________________
Machinists, maintenance ___________________
M anufacturing___________________________
Mechanics, automotive (maintenance) ----------M anufacturing___________________________
Nonmanufacturing________________________
Public utilities 2 ---------------------------------Mechanics, m aintenance------------------------------M anufacturing___________________________
Millwrights ________________________________
M anufacturing___________________________
Oilers _____________________________________
M anufacturing___________________________
Painters, maintenance ______________________
M anufacturing_______________________ __
Pipefitters, maintenance ___________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------- _
Sheet-metal workers, m aintenance---------------M anufacturing--------------------------------- -----Tool and die m akers __ ___________________
M anufacturing___________________________




Number
of
workers

194
182
553
531
223
203
94
87
253
253
208
201
319
78
241
200
781
773
188
188
224
224
106
101
504
504
156
156
686
686

Average
earnings1

Under
$ 10
2.

$2. 83
2. 84
_
2. 92
2.91
.
2. 92
2.92
_
2. 75
2. 77
2. 39
2. 39
2. 84
6
2. 86
_
2. 81
2. 91
2. 77
2. 80
!•
2. 92
2. 92
_
2.92
2. 92
2. 68
2
2. 68
2
2
2. 78
2. 80
_
2. 89
2. 89
2. 94
2. 94
_
3. 16
3. 16

S2. 10 $ 2. 20
and
under 2. 30
2. 20

-

-

_

-

_

75
75
_
_
1

_
_

I

2. 40

2. 50
4
10
10
3
1
8
8
85
85
6
6
6
6
1
1
_

-

-

-

1
1
3
2
20
20

21
21
6
6
_
-

-

-

-

48
48

_

-

"
_

"

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.

2. 50 || $2.60 i $ 2. 70 $ 2. 80 S 2. 90 $ 3. 00 $ 3. 10 $ 3. 20 $ 3. 30 $ 3. 40
and
2. 60 ! 2.70 ■ 2. 80 2 . 9 0 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 over
1
4
7
3
4 no
20
33 ! 2
20
3
33 1 1
2 no
7
_
_
55
20 388
5
37
13
20
5|
12
5 1 55 |! 20 387
5
37
_
_
4
12
2
10 108
62
16
3
— n r12
2
4
10 ! 93 ------- |-------------_
_
.
_
15
12
31
I 4
17
4
11 j 12
31
17
1
_
_
2
6 j 51
2
51
6
1
_
_
_
.
17
6 ! _ |
2 160
l
17 --------5^
i
2 ! 160 i
_
_
_
7
45 ! 36
145
65
3
11
4 ; 10
52
11
1 !
6 i 41 ! 26
145
13
3
14
142 i 13
1
26
3
_
_
.
54
54 i 591
28 ! 22 ; 16
9
54 583
54
28 j 22
16
9
.
_
17 ! 20 ! _
40
111
17
20
111
40
20 134
32
1
20 134
32
1
_
_
3
31
3
6
6
43
3
1
31
3
43
6
3
6
_
_
_
_
12
42
7
13 382
28
12
7
42
13 382
28
"
14
2
3
134
3
2
3
3
134
14
.
44
6
7
46
74
31
411
19
74
6
7
44
46
31
411
19
$

13
13
-

_

-

2. 30 $2. 40

7
- -------5
_
_
3
3
4
3
4
34
34
_
10
10
_
1
1
1
_
6
6
_
-

-

-

NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$

8

Table A-4. Custodial and Material, Movement Occupations

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Akron, Ohio, June I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division

Elevator operators, passenger
(men) _______ ___ _______ _______„__ _
Manufacturing ________ __ __ ____
Elevator operators, passenger
(women) ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Guards --------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings 2

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Under 1 . 0 0 1 . 1 0 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1 . 60 1. 70 1.80 1. 90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 9 0 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30
and
$
under
1.0 0
1 . 2 0 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1.60 1. 70 1 . 80 1. 90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.40
1 . 10

34
28

$ 2 . 06
2. 23

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

47
42
289
284

1.51
1.40
2.46
2.48

_

4
4
_

3
3
_

3
3
_

_

19
19
_

9
9
_

-

4
4

1

1

1, 263
1, 076
187
75

2 . 19
2.29
1.63

_
-

9
9

17
17

30
3
27
A

19
3

27
19

13

15
6
9
3

277
128
149
59
1 , 616
671
945
409
188
396
365

1.69
2. 07
1. 37
1.60
2.42
2. 41
2.42

134
59
75
31
28
133
33

2. 05
2.58
1.64
2. 57
2.62
2. 41
2. 44
2. 31

T ruckdrivers 5 ---------------------------------------------------Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public utilities 3 ----------------------

1, 031
215
816
275

2. 64
2. 71
2.62
2. 78

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

Truckdrivers, light (under
1 1 tons) ---------------------------------/z

73

2.54

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(men) -------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------- —
Nonmanufacturing ------- --------------Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(women) ----------------------------------------Manufacturing ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public u tilities 3 ______________
Laborers, m aterial handling -----------Manufacturing ------------ --------------Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public u tilities 3 ______________
Order fillers --------- ----------------------Packers, shipping ---------- --------------Manufacturing -----------------------------Receiving clerks ------------ --------------Manufacturing -------- ---------- -----8

Shipping clerks -------------------------------------------------Manufacturing _______________________________
Shipping and receiving clerks -----------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------- ----------

See footnotes at end of table.




16 6

2 .6 6

2. 48

10

-

11

3

22

10

8

22

-

-

_
-

30
30

_

2

7
7

2

-

8

2

8

-

-

12

20

5
15
_
-

16
2

61
9
52
24
6
6

-

8

-

4
4
-

2

2

_

2

_

2

6
2

2
2

2
2

2
2

11

-

21

-

-

1

12

11

2 .6 6

2. 73

-

12

21

1

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

"

_
-

.
-

~

_
-

_
-

“

3
3

-

-

_

-

13
3
10

3

2
11
1

11
11

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

2
1

4
3

5
4

21
21

_

5
5

31
4
27
19

61
48
13
5

58
52

6
6

2
2

33
3
3
33
33
3 _ 13
8
5
3

36
9
27

5
4
4

25
24

2
2

1
1

2

3

-

11
2
9

6
6

_

-

-

_

-

3
3
-

-

$
3.40
and
over

-

-

2

9
9
■
4
3

28
28
_
9
-

4
4

_
-

6
6

11

9

2
2

94
64
30
30
8
8

-

15
15

65 166
65 1 6 6

76 658 107
76 658 107
71
71
-

9
9
-

3
3
-

30 105 156 398 283
29 31 81 226 79
74 75 172 204
1
72 2 1
2
4
4
33
1
3
12
30
5 124
30
5 124
"
3
3
3
_

3
3
4
4
7

-

7

1

-

3
3
-

9
9
-

4

2

-

-

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

31
29

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50 312
20
58
30 254
254
“
_ 92
24
4
24
4

67
23
44
44

24
24
-

_
-

6

6

_
_

2

2

35
35
15
-

-

_
7

-

_

2

6
6

-

6
6

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

16
16

93
81

-

_
-

8

1
1

6
6

_
-

7
7

1

12

44 1 6 0
14 15
30 145
2
1

_

-

_
-

1

_

4
4

1
1

14
4

_

2
2

1
1

10
10

_

1
1

2
2

2

3
3

19
19

4
3

-

5
3

12

12

_

21

3
5

23
20
3

73 329
7 41
288
"

66

-

8

39
39

-

-

26
10
16
16
_
_
45 4 83
45 83
-

276
14
262
262

37
37
-

53
53
“

-

"

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

33

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

7

-

9
Table A-4. Custodial and Material, Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , A k r o n , O h io, June I960)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

T ru ck d r iv e r s:5---- Continued
T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V 2 to and
in clu d in g 4 ton s) ____________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------T ru c k d r i v e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a i l e r ty p e) ---------- — ------------------

O
f

workers

201
59
142

i rrirnjr

hourly

earnings 2

$ 2 .5 7
2. 72
2 .5 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
Under 1 .0 0 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0
and
$
and
~
1 .0 0 und er
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1 .7 0 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 o v e r

-

-

-

-

-

-

I

3
3

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

3
3
"

3
3
-

3
3
-

755
633
122
56

2. 71
2. 74
2 .5 6
2. 77

— -------

187

2. 79

W a tch m e n —---------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------

116
86
30

1 .9 7
2. 22
1 .2 7

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g —
L f*Dll C
J
r^uKlif* lltllltl OG ^
60

-------------------------------------------

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
fo r k lift ) ------------------ -------------

1
2
3
4
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

47
47

36

19

-

27
15
12

54
19
35

32
5
27
21

15
15
-

6
6
-

_

-

26

32

93

19

37
37

-

-

-

-

“

49
46

12

56
56
-

137
125
12

88
82
6

-

-

2
2

-

-

2
2

_

-

-

5
5
-

16
16
-

22
22

9
8
1

72
42
30

14
14
-

35

12

-

9

4

6

2

9

4

6

2

-

-

-

-

3
3

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3. 40 to $ 3. 50.
I n clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




34
34

“

-

"

2. 73
2 .6 2

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift)

-

-

37
7
30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

231
231
-

_

_

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

j
206
136

8

62
62

41
4
37

42
42

-

7

-

7

1
1

3
3

1

-

1

1

-

-

4
4

8
8




B « Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
*
10

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r s h ift w o r k , a n d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
a c t u a ll y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h ift s b y t y p e an d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l , A k r o n , O h io , J u n e I9 6 0 )
In e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

In e s t a b l is h m e n t s a c t u a ll y
o p e r a tin g —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l
S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T ota l

..............

..............................................................................

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

._

__
.

______

24. 6

15. 8

90. 5

22. 2

15. 8

72. 7

2 0 .4

15. 0

1 .6
6. 5
5 3. 5
7. 2
.3
5. 8
1 .4
-

1. 1
1. 3
62. 1
1. 1
.4
1. 7
. 3
1. 7
3. 0

. 5
1 .0
15. 7
1 .4
1 .4
. 3
. l

. 2
. 2
13. 3

.9
“

-

1 .0

10. 7

- -

. —

_

___

-

7. 8

(2)
. 1
. 1
( 2)

1 .4

4. 6
5 .4

-

-

1 .4

-

2 .0

___

10. 0

10. 0
. 5
. 2

F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s
N o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

90. 5

8 9 .9

_

________________________________

_

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

77. 2

__________________________

4 cen ts
5 cen ts
6 c e n t s ________
_
_
_ ___ _
_
7 ce n ts
7Va c e n t s
__ __
_____
___ _
8 cen ts
10 c e n t s
12 c e n t s
.
_ ..
13 c e n t s ____ _
__
__ _ _ ________
15 c e n t s _ __
__ ___
___ __
_ _ _
16 c e n t s

5 percen t
7 1/ 2 p e r c e n t
10 p e r c e n t

S e c o n d s h ift

9 9 .6

U n ifo r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r )

U n if o r m p e r c e n t a g e

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift w o r k

9 .7

. 5
_

. 5
-

(2)
. 5

.3

2. 3
'

1 I n c l u d e s e s t a b l is h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g
th o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .

la t e

s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

'
c o v e r i n g la t e

s h ift s

even

11

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
(D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , A k r o n , O h io , J u n e I9 6 0 )
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s a l a r y 1

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

O t h e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f —

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

40

94

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m

___

__

U n d e r $ 4 0 . 00
_ _
$ 4 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 4 2 .5 0
_
_
$ 4 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 5 . 0 0 ___ _
_ __
_
_
_
_
___
__ _
$ 4 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 4 7 .5 0
$ 4 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 5 0 . 0 0
_ __
_
_ _
$ 5 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 5 2 .5 0
__
_
_ ___ __
$ 5 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 5 5 . 0 0 _
_ _
$ 5 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 5 7 .5 0
$ 5 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 0 . 00
_ _
_ _
$ 6 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 50
_
_
$ 6 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 _
$ 6 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 50 _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _
O v e r $ 6 7 . 50
_
_
_ _
_ _ _ _ _
E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m __________________
E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n ot e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y _
__
_ __
_

41

XXX

53

XXX

94

41

XXX

53

XXX

43

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

17

17

26

22

55

21

19

34

27

_
4
4
3
2
10
5
6
3
2
1
1
2
6

_
1
2
2
3
3
3
1
1
1
3

1
2
2
3
3
3
1
1
1

3
2
7
2
3
2
1
1
1

1
2
5
4
2
5
1
1
5

3
3
2
10
3
2
1
2
1

XXX

1
6
6
8
4
12
5
4
2
1
3
1
2
10

1
5
4
3
10
3
2
1
3
1
1

XXX

4
3
1
7
2
3
2
1
1
1
1
3

XXX

5

XXX

45

21

XXX

24

XXX

29

15

XXX

14

XXX

1
1
4
4
2
5
1
1

1 L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d f o r h i r in g in e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 R a t e s a p p l ic a b l e t o m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d .
3 H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d

-

f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , A k r o n , O h io , J u n e I9 6 0 )

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

A11 industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

_____________

100

100

100

U n d e r 36 h o u r s _____ __ __ __ _________ ______
36 h o u r s
__
__ _____
__ _________ ______
_ __________
O v e r 36 a n d u n d e r 38 h o u r s __ _ _
38 h o u r s _____________________________________________
40 h ou rs
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 44 h o u r s _____________________
44 h ou rs
O v e r 44 an d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s __ _ ______________
4 8 h o u r s ________________ __________________________
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s ___ __ ___________________ _______

1

_

_

A ll w o r k e r s

1
2
3
4

_________

__ _
_

_

-

-

-

2
1
94
1
2

1
99

99
1
-

(4 )

(4 )
(4 )

-

"

-

All industries3

Manufacturing

100
(4 )
46
1

3

41
1

3

1
2
2

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




100
(4 )
59
1
2
32
1
1
1
1
2

Public utilities 2
100
_
87
4
8
-

12

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , A k r o n , O h io , J u n e I9 6 0 )

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

PLANT WORKERS

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s ______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s ----- ------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

99

"

“

“

( 4)

( 4)

(4)

.
19
2
2
74
2
( 4)

2
1
2
92
2

26
15
55
4

2
16
6
72
( 4)
3

1
4
8
82
( 4)
3

59
8

( 4)
'

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

All industries1

Public utilities2

All industries 3

'

~

“

( 4)
3
3
82
82
97
98
99

3
4
94
94
98
99
99

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

Number of days
L e s s th a n
6 h o l id a y s
6 h o l id a y s
6 h o l id a y s
7 h o l id a y s
7 h o l id a y s
8 h o l id a y s
9 h o l id a y s

6 h o l id a y s _________________ ___________
---------------- ---------------------------------------------p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------_---------------------------------p lu s 1 h a lf d a y — _____________________
— ----------------------------------------------------------________________________
________________

33

-

Total holiday time5
9 d a y s ___________________ ___________________________
8 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------7 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s _______ _________________________
7 o r m o r e d a y s -------------------------- ----------------- ------6 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s ---------------------------------------------------6 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
4 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________ _________
3 o r m o r e d a y s ------------------- ----------------------------------

1
2
3

( 4)
3
3
79
81
100
100
100

.

.

2
2
97
98
100
100
100

4
4
59
74
100
100
100

.

8
8
66
66
99
99
99

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s i n c lu d e s t h o s e w it h 7 fu l l d a y s a n d
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .

4




13
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , A k r o n , O h io , J u n e I9 6 0 )

P L A N T W O RK ERS

O FFIC E W O RK ERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A ll w o rk e r s

-------------------------------------------------------------

All industries1

M anufacturing

Public u tilities2

All industries2

M anufacturing

Public u tilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

-

99
91
9
-

100
89
11
-

99
99
1

“

“

~

(4)

-

(4)

2
34
8
2

_
40
11
2

13
1
-

3
1
-

3
(4 )
-

_
-

17
1
81

3
97

57
13
30

96
2
3

98
1
1

90
10

29

Method of poymont
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t --------------------------------------O t h e r ____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

Amount of vocation p ay5
A f te r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------- O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w e e k s —-----------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

98

71

84
2
14

96
1
3

42

-

93

2
98

1
99

6
94

9
7
83

8
8
84

7
93

(4 )
97
2

(4)
99
1

_

1
98
1

99
-

-

-

-

1
93
5
1

-

-

88
_
12

94
6

71
29

74
6
19
1

84
7
8

58
42

7

2

-

58

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------- ------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s
------------------------------2 w eeks
___________________________________________

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f se r v ice
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----- ----------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------

100
-

-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s
------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e .




14
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P ercen t d istrib u tion of office and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, Akron, Ohio, June I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

V acation p o licy

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

9
91
_
1

2
98
_
(4 )

3
97
_
-

3
96
1
(4 )

1
99
_
(4 )

2
98

7
90
_
4

2
98
_
(4)

3
97
_
-

3
86
2
9

1
97
1
(4)

2
83
_
15

7
27
_
66

2
17
_
81

3
69
_
27

3
24
1
71

1
22
(4 )
77

2
47
_
51

All industries1

Amount off vacation p ay5— Continued

A fter 15 y e a r s of ser v ice
2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------3 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s -----------------------------4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------A fter 20 y e a r s of se r v ic e
2 w eek s ____________________ __________________
3 w eek s ________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s --------------------------4 w eek s --------------- — -------------------------------------A fter 25 y e a r s of se r v ic e
2 w eek s _____________ ____ __________________
3 w eek s ------------------------------ -------------------------- O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ____________________
4 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------

-

1 Includes data for w h o lesa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; finance, in su ra n ce, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
2 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includes data for w h o lesa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep arately.
4 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
5 P er io d s of se r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e ss a r ily r e fle c t the in divid ual p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e ssio n s. F or exam p le, the chan ges in p rop ortion s in dicated at 10 y e a r s'
ser v ice include changes in p r o v isio n s o ccu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s.
NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allo w an ces by y ea r s of s e r v ic e , paym ents other than "length of tim e, " such as percen ta ge of annual earn in gs or fla t-su m paym ents, w ere converted
to an equivalent tim e b a sis; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of annual earnin gs w as co n sid ered a s 1 w eek 's pay.




15
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P ercen t of o ffice and plant w ork ers in all in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s em p loyed in estab lish m en ts providing
health, in su ra n ce, or pen sion b en efits, Akron, Ohio, June I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Type of ben efit

Manufacturing

All industries1

Public utilities2

All industries 3

100

100

100

99

93
63
68
41

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

i
1

AH w o r k e r s ____________________ _______________
W orkers in esta b lish m en ts providing:
L ife in su ra n ce --------------------------------------------------------A ccid en tal death and dism em b erm en t
in su ra n ce ----------------------------------------------------------------S ick n ess and acciden t in su ran ce or
sic k le a v e or b o th 4 ________________________
S ick n ess and accid en t in s u r a n c e ________
Sick le a v e (full pay and no
w aiting period) _________________ ______
Sick lea v e (p artial pay or
w aiting period) -----------------------------------------------H osp italization in su r a n c e ----------------------------------Su rgical in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------M edical in su ra n ce -------------------------------------------------C atastrophe in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------R etirem en t p e n s io n __________________________
No health, in su ra n ce, or pen sion p la n ____

100

j

100

100

99
84

86
58
84
41
8
42
67
67
41
13
79
1

1

98
82
81
60
60
2
92
92
79
44
86
1

1

93
89
70
72
99
99
89
51
96
(5)

29
22
67
67
52
24
79
1

95
75
95
85
7
4
96
96
83
4
82
(5)

99
93
4
2
100
100
87
2
92

1 Includes data for w h o lesale trade; r e ta il trade; finance, in su ra n ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
2 T ransportation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includes data for w h o lesale trad e, r eta il trad e, real e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
4 U nduplicated total of w ork ers r eceiv in g sick lea v e or sic k n e ss and accid en t in su ra n ce shown sep a ra tely below . S ick -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to th ose w hich d efin itely e sta b lish at le a st
the m inim um num ber of days* pay that can be expected by each em p loyee. Inform al s ic k -le a v e allo w an ces determ ined on an individual b a sis are exclud ed.
5 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.







17

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B ureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
title s and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
e ssen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job d escriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P repares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other c lerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( h i l l i n g m a c h in e ) — U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc ., which are
com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
term ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold m achine.
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )— U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers ’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit b alances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping m achine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




C la s s A — K eeps a s e t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
C la s s B — K eeps a record of one or more p hases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping* P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in ­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la s s A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent's b u sin ess tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—-Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgm ent and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad ­
justing and closing journal en tries; may d irect c la s s B accounting
clerks.
C la s s B — Under supervision, perform s one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accou n t­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Com putes w ages of company em ployees and en ters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve; C alculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing inform ation such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and to tal w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athem a­
tic al com putations. T his job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in w hich, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other du ties.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
C la s s B — Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th a t h as
already been classified or which is easily identifiab le, or lo c ates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers'o rd ers for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g :
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to resp ective departm ents to be filled .
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check sh ip ­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and s ta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alp habetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
Own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such ^s running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

19

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone c alls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. D o e s n o t in c lu d e tra n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e
w o rk (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. D o e s n o t in c lu d e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk .

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptio nist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular d u ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A — O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
C la s s B — O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter,,reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.
C la s s C — O perates sim ple tabulating or e lectrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instru ctio n s. May include sim ple w iring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

20

TYPIST— Continued

TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in d u plicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.
— Perform s o ne o r m ore o f th e f o llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources o r responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , puricC la s s A

tuation, e tc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.
C la s s B — Perform s o n e o r m ore o f th e f o llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tab les already se t up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in draw ings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail draw ings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assig n in g
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' inju ries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from no tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, maps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting too ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

21
M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLA N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instru ctio n s; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power too ls, and standard measuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks w ater and safety
v alves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
in stallatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating un its, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipm ent; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications;.locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and measuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipm ent (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipm ent such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May a ls o
supervise these operations. H e a d o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y in g m o re th a n o n e e n g in e e r a re e x c lu d e d .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeym an. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b a sis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making n ecessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve req u isite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le c t proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
c h in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

22
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working prop-*
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and m echan­
ical equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to a machiue shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making all n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes ,in the p lant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to s tre sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
OILER
L u bricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying p aint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, w hite lead, and other p aint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from draw ings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressu res,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
w hether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

23

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alen t training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elv es, lockers, tanks, v entilators, chu tes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other sp ecificatio n s; settin g up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sh eetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D iem aker; jig maker; toolm aker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop too ls, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND M ATERIAL MOVEMENT
JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers betw een floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar estab lish m en t.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD

or other establishm ent. D uties involve o combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Perform s routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehousem an or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

24

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d ev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or w heelbarrow.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follow s:

ORDER FIL L E R

TRUCKDRIVER

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with sp ecificatio n s on sa le s slip s, custom ers*
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related du ties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining n ecessary records and file s.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
D rives a truck w ithin a city or in d u strial area to transport ma­
te ria ls, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various tvpes of esta b ­
lishm ents such a s: M anufacturing p lan ts, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and re ta il estab lish m en ts, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers* houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical rep airs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (com bination o f siz e s lis te d separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% ton s)

Truckdriver, medium (ll/i to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of a ll kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
M akes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
*

U .S . G O V ER N M E NT P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : I9 6 0 0 — 5 6 1 3 8 1

Occupational Wage Surveys
O ccupational w age surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. T h ese b u lletin s, when a v a ila b le,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U .S. Government Printing O ffice, W ashington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional
s a le s o ffices show n on the in sid e front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for a ll labor m arkets, com bined with addition al a n a ly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B u lletin s for the areas liste d below are now av a ila b le.
A lbany—S ch en ectad y—Troy, N .Y ., March I960—
BLS B ull. 1265-40, price 25 cen ts
A llentow n—B ethlehem —E aston , P a .—N .J ., March i 960 —
BLS B ull. 1265-33, price 25 cen ts
Baltim ore, Md., Septem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-7, price 15 cen ts
Birmingham, A la ., March i 960 — BLS B ull. 1265-37, price 25 cen ts
B oston, M ass., O ctober 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-8, price 25 cen ts

Miami, F la ., D ecem ber 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-6, price 20 cen ts
M ilwaukee, W is., April I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-43, price 25 cen ts
M inneapolis—St. P au l, Minn., January I960— BLS B u ll. 1265-21,
price 25 cen ts
Newark and Jersey C ity, N .J ., February I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-28,
price 25 cen ts
New H aven, C onn., February I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-41, price 25 cen ts

B uffalo, N .Y ., O ctober 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-4, price 20 cen ts
Canton, Ohio, D ecem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-10, price 25 cen ts
Charlotte, N .C ., April i 960 — BLS B ull. 1265-39, price 20 cen ts
C hicago, 111., April I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-45, price 25 cen ts
C incinnati, O hio—K y., February I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-31,
price 25 cen ts
C levelan d, Ohio, Septem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-1, price 20 cen ts

New O rleans, L a ., February I960— BLS B u ll. 1265-32, price 25 cen ts
New York, N .Y ., April i 960 — BLS B ull. 1265-44, price 25 ce n ts
P h ilad elp h ia, P a ., Novem ber 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-16, price 25 cen ts
P hoen ix, A riz., April i 960 — BLS B ull. 1265-42, price 25 cen ts
Pittsburgh, P a ., D ecem ber 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-20, price 25 cen ts
Portland, M aine, November 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-12, price 20 cen ts
P rovidence, R .I.—M ass., March i 960 — BLS B u ll. 1265-34, price 25 cen ts

D a lla s, T ex ., O ctober 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-3, price 20 cen ts
Dayton, Ohio, D ecem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-9, price 25 cen ts
Denver, C olo., D ecem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-11, price 25 cen ts
D es M oines, Iowa, February I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-30, price 25 cen ts
D etroit, M ich., January I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-25, price 20 cen ts
Fort Worth, T ex ., Novem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-13, price 25 cen ts
Indianap olis, Ind., January i 960 — BLS B ull. 1265-22, price 25 cen ts

Richmond, V a., February I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-24, price 25 cen ts
St. L ou is, Mo., O ctober 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-5, price 25 cen ts
San Bernardino—R iv ersid e—Ontario, C a lif., Novem ber 1959—
BLS B ull. 1265-15, price 25 cen ts
San F ra n cisco —Oakland, C a lif., January I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-17,
price 25 cen ts
S ea ttle, W ash., A ugust 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-2, price 25 cen ts

Jackson, M iss., February I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-26, price 25 cen ts
J a ck so n v ille, F la ., Decem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-14,
price 25 cen ts
K ansas C ity, M o.—K an s., January I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-23,
price 25 cen ts
L os A n g eles—Long B each , C a lif., April i 960 — BLS B u ll. 1265-35,
price 25 cen ts
M emphis, T enn., January I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-19, price 25 cen ts

Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., February I960— BLS B u ll. 1265*29,
price 20 cen ts
South Bend, Ind., April I960— BLS B u ll. 1265*38, price 25 cen ts
W ashington, D .C .—Md.—V a., D ecem ber 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-18,
price 25 cen ts
Waterbury, C onn., March i 960 — BLS B u ll, 1265-36, price 25 cen ts
York, P a ., February I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-27, price 25 cen ts








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102