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Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only  Washington, D.C.—Maryland— Virginia, Metropolitan Area, February 1996  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3085-8  ________________________________________________________________ Preface This bulletin provides results of a February 1996 survey of occupational pay in the Washington, DC—MD—VA Metropolitan Statistical Area. This survey was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. Data from this program are for use in implementing the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990. The survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Philadelphia, under the direction of John Filemyr, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. Data were collected by Kendall Cooper, Bruce Edwards, Frank Hayden, Nancy Shamonsky, Thomas Shaffer, Drew Simmons, and Mirian Torain. Regional review was conducted by Joseph Mursch under the supervision of Frank Waligorski, Team Leader. Statistical support was provided by Ken Hillian. Christi Harpenau of the Statistical Methods Group was responsible for the statistical procedures. Amanda Roberts of the Division of Compensation and Data Estimation reviewed the aggregate data and prepared this bulletin.  The survey could not have been conducted without the cooperation of the many private firms and government jurisdictions that provided pay data included in this bulletin. The Bureau thanks these respondents for their cooperation. For additional information regarding this survey or similar surveys conducted in this regional area, please contact the BLS Philadelphia Regional Office at (215)- 596-1154. You may also write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics at: Division of Occupational Pay and Employee Benefits, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Washington, D.C. 20212-0001 or call the Occupational Compensation Survey Program information line at (202) 606-6220. Material in this bulletin is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 606-STAT; TDD phone: (202) 606-5897; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, GPO  For an account of a similar survey conducted in 1995, see Occupational Compensation Survey: Occupational  bookstores, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Publications Sales Center, P.O. Box 2145, Chicago, IL 60690-  Compensation Survey: Pay Only,Washington DC-MD-VA, BLS Bulletin 3080-9.  2145  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only  Washington, D.C.—Maryland— Virginia, Metropolitan Area, February 1996  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Robert B. Reich, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Katharine G. Abraham, Commissioner July 1996 Bulletin 3085-8  Contents Page  Page Introduction ...............................................................................................................  2  Tables—Continued  Tables:  A-7.  Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations ....................................................................  22  All establishments:  A-8.  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ...............................  24  A-9.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom  A-10.  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial  A-1.  Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations .........................................................  A-2.  Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective  occupations ................................................................................  service occupations ....................................................................  9  A-3.  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ...............................  11  A-4.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom  A-5.  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial  occupations ................................................................................  occupations.................................................................................  28  15 Appendixes:  Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations .........................................................  27  14  Establishments employing 500 workers or more: A-6.  occupations ................................................................................  3  17  A.  Scope and method of survey .........................................................  A-1  B.  Occupational descripitons ...............................................................  B-1  Introduction  households) employing 50 workers or more and to State and local governments and (2) adding more professional, administrative, technical, and protective service occupations to the surveys.  This survey of occupational pay in the Washington, DC—MD—VA Metropolitan Statistical Area (the District of Columbia; the counties of Calvert, Charles, Frederick, Montgomery, and Prince George’s, MD; and Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun, Prince William, and Stafford, VA; and the cities of Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Manassas, and Manassas Park, VA) was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. The survey is one of a number conducted annually in metropolitan areas throughout the United States. (See listing of reports for other surveys at the end of this bulletin.) A major objective of the Occupational Compensation Survey Program is to describe the level and distribution of occupational pay in a variety of the Nation's local labor markets, using a consistent survey approach. Another Program objective is to provide information on the incidence of employee benefits among and within local labor markets. However, no benefits data were collected for this survey. The Program develops information that is used for a variety of purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining business or plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor in making wage determinations under the Service Contract Act, and by the President's Pay Agent (the Secretary of Labor and Directors of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management and the U.S. Office of Management and Budget) in determining local pay adjustments under the Federal Employee Pay Comparability Act of 1990. This latter requirement resulted in: (1) Expanding the survey's industrial coverage to include all private nonfarm establishments (except  Pay The A-series tables provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly pay by occupation. Tables A-1 through A-5 provide data for selected white- and bluecollar occupations common to a variety of industries. Tables A-6 through A-10 include similar information, but are limited to establishments employing 500 workers or more. Occupational pay information is presented for all industries covered by the survey and, where possible, for private industry (e.g., for goods- and serviceproducing industries) and for State and local governments. Within private industry, more detailed information is presented to the extent that the survey establishment sample can support such detail.  Appendixes Appendix A describes the concepts, methods, and coverage used in the Occupational Compensation Survey Program. It also includes information on the area's industrial composition and the reliability of occupational pay estimates. Appendix B includes the descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in the survey occupations.  2  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  210 184 132 26  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  $514 508 499 552  $511 509 506 –  $458 456 451 –  – – – –  $535 530 526 –  2 3 4 –  32 33 40 27  58 59 52 46  8 5 4 27  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,505 1,356 147 88 1,209 63 149  39.7 39.7 39.7 39.6 39.7 39.5 39.7  632 625 673 696 620 686 694  635 629 672 682 626 683 704  551 550 596 635 549 594 607  – – – – – – –  688 674 712 770 673 760 764  – – – – – – –  3 4 – – 4 – –  35 37 25 16 38 35 23  41 43 46 36 42 33 27  16 14 16 26 14 13 37  3 3 13 22 2 16 9  1 ( 3) – – ( 3) 3 5  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,612 1,418 218 115 1,200 75 194  39.8 39.8 40.6 39.8 39.6 39.7 39.7  845 848 813 824 854 883 823  846 846 819 846 859 866 789  741 750 731 769 751 830 706  – – – – – – –  924 924 885 885 927 955 936  – – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – – 1  1 1 – – 1 – 4  14 13 7 11 14 4 19  24 24 38 23 21 15 29  26 28 34 52 27 40 12  21 21 21 13 21 33 24  12 13 – – 15 5 7  1 ( 3) – – ( 3) 3 4  ( 3) – – – – – 1  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  721 591 192 61 399 35 130  39.6 39.7 39.8 39.4 39.6 39.6 39.6  1,077 1,099 1,157 1,080 1,072 1,081 974  1,077 1,080 1,250 – 1,072 – 917  962 1,000 1,077 – 995 – 832  – – – – – – –  1,226 1,250 1,288 – 1,157 – 1,078  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – – 2  5 2 – – 3 – 18  15 12 8 15 13 3 28  12 11 10 20 12 14 15  27 30 19 13 36 37 13  14 15 11 33 17 34 6  23 25 52 20 12 6 12  2 2 – – 4 6 3  3 3 – – 4 – 2  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  198 159 118 39  39.0 38.8 38.5 39.8  1,362 1,409 1,407 1,169  1,410 1,444 1,462 –  1,212 1,260 1,260 –  – – – –  1,532 1,532 1,532 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  5 1 1 21  10 6 8 28  10 9 12 13  15 18 19 3  10 5 4 28  21 25 15 3  18 21 21 5  11 13 18 –  2 2 3 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Accountants, Public Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  313 313 313  40.0 40.0 40.0  631 631 631  619 619 619  613 613 613  – – –  637 637 637  – – –  – – –  4 4 4  86 86 86  10 10 10  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  175 175 175  40.0 40.0 40.0  944 944 944  971 971 971  837 837 837  – – –  1,038 1,038 1,038  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 1  16 16 16  22 22 22  16 16 16  38 38 38  6 6 6  1 1 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  3  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  Attorneys Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  84 36  38.4 39.5  $759 708  $769 –  $687 –  – –  $812 –  – –  – –  1 3  27 64  29 22  40 6  1 3  1 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  287 155 155 132  39.1 38.5 38.5 39.9  998 1,040 1,040 949  999 1,040 1,040 895  923 999 999 799  – – – –  1,087 1,087 1,087 1,104  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  14 – – 31  10 – – 23  26 41 41 8  25 37 37 11  19 22 22 16  3 – – 8  1 – – 3  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  442 309 301 133  39.0 38.8 38.7 39.6  1,265 1,319 1,311 1,139  1,235 1,250 1,250 1,065  1,154 1,192 1,192 979  – – – –  1,385 1,387 1,385 1,295  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 – – 2  10 – – 34  8 2 2 24  22 28 28 10  22 28 29 6  14 17 18 5  9 9 9 8  7 8 8 6  5 6 3 5  2 3 3 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  396 108  38.6 40.0  1,715 1,359  1,712 1,258  1,544 1,157  – –  1,958 1,579  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 9  9 31  5 19  2 8  1 3  24 10  3 3  16 12  3 –  19 –  1 3  4 2  10 –  1 –  Engineers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  574 564 112 112 452 38  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.8  631 631 659 659 624 655  619 619 659 659 619 –  558 558 587 587 558 –  – – – – – –  687 687 744 744 673 –  – – – – – –  2 2 4 4 1 –  37 37 32 32 38 29  41 40 27 27 44 37  20 20 31 31 17 34  1 1 5 5 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,847 1,711 278 278 1,433 224 136  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.9  781 778 782 782 777 806 815  772 770 767 767 770 791 809  709 709 722 722 702 736 727  – – – – – – –  841 837 827 827 837 861 885  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  3 3 – – 3 – 2  19 19 10 10 21 16 17  41 42 54 54 40 39 25  23 22 31 31 21 25 34  10 9 4 4 10 15 15  3 3 1 1 3 5 6  1 1 – – 1 1 1  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  3,243 3,034 1,756 303 209  40.0 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.7  963 963 958 953 960  957 958 959 930 931  875 877 870 869 849  – – – – –  1,041 1,036 1,036 1,009 1,091  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) – – – 1  9 8 9 7 16  23 23 25 33 23  32 33 31 34 19  23 23 24 13 19  9 8 7 6 18  4 4 4 7 4  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  3,205 2,954 768 768 2,186 255 251  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.6 39.7  1,169 1,174 1,214 1,214 1,160 1,165 1,111  1,184 1,187 1,222 1,222 1,166 1,130 1,113  1,066 1,073 1,142 1,142 1,058 1,069 987  – – – – – – –  1,273 1,274 1,298 1,298 1,265 1,251 1,223  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – – ( 3)  ( 3) – – – – – 2  2 2 1 1 2 1 9  10 10 10 10 10 11 16  20 20 8 8 24 25 22  22 22 22 22 23 28 19  27 28 36 36 25 16 18  14 14 15 15 13 12 12  3 3 6 6 1 2 3  1 1 2 2 1 3 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 3 ( ) 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  4  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  – $1,539 – 1,551 – 1,462 – 1,462 – 1,600 – 1,517 – 1,414  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – – 4  2 ( 3) – – ( 3) 3 21  5 4 4 4 5 16 9  14 14 21 21 13 20 14  27 27 33 33 25 14 26  18 19 23 23 18 15 11  13 13 9 9 14 15 12  12 13 3 3 15 12 3  7 7 6 6 8 3 1  1 1 ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 –  1 1 – – 2 – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Middle range  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  2,326 2,141 398 398 1,743 136 185  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.6 39.4  $1,439 1,453 1,396 1,396 1,466 1,381 1,288  $1,413 1,430 1,359 1,359 1,442 1,352 1,325  $1,336 1,346 1,297 1,297 1,348 1,226 1,110  Level VI ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  896 854 166 166 688 42  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.5  1,717 1,728 1,669 1,669 1,742 1,486  1,731 1,744 1,668 1,668 1,744 1,581  1,563 1,570 1,553 1,553 1,580 1,292  – – – – – –  1,892 1,904 1,796 1,796 1,909 1,597  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – 5  2 1 1 1 1 24  2 2 4 4 2 2  11 11 11 11 11 7  18 17 17 17 17 38  13 13 22 22 11 14  20 21 22 22 20 10  8 9 12 12 8 –  13 13 6 6 15 –  11 11 2 2 13 –  1 1 – – 2 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level VII .................................................... Private industry .....................................  85 73  39.8 40.0  1,967 1,993  1,952 –  1,824 –  – –  2,096 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 3  13 8  25 25  14 12  27 32  6 7  8 10  4 4  Budget Analysts Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  90 56  39.9 39.9  706 720  691 703  604 620  – –  778 783  – –  – –  11 14  44 29  28 34  8 11  7 11  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  182 87 86 95  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.8  855 861 862 849  830 885 885 814  749 756 756 707  – – – –  972 958 958 990  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  9 – – 18  37 46 45 28  15 17 17 14  24 30 30 19  9 3 3 14  4 3 3 5  1 – – 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  104 66  39.2 40.0  1,017 1,015  963 948  885 847  – –  1,095 1,188  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 9  21 33  27 15  22 9  9 11  6 9  9 14  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Buyers/Contracting Specialists Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  92 67 53 25  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.8  559 547 543 590  550 – – –  497 – – –  – – – –  598 – – –  – – – –  30 28 30 36  47 55 55 24  13 13 11 12  9 3 4 24  1 – – 4  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  509 405 118 91 287 104  39.8 39.8 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.5  677 675 718 696 657 687  659 660 688 668 652 647  606 606 654 654 606 577  – – – – – –  727 721 792 784 707 746  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 2 –  18 14 11 14 16 35  43 49 40 44 53 20  23 22 31 29 19 24  11 11 10 13 11 12  4 2 8 – – 8  ( 3) – – – – 2  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS  See footnotes at end of table.  5  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  337 237 127 127 110 100  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.8  $833 844 839 839 850 808  $819 822 822 822 814 756  $727 774 800 800 735 707  – – – – – –  $903 901 865 865 950 915  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – 1  15 12 15 15 8 21  25 21 6 6 38 35  34 41 60 60 20 15  13 13 12 12 14 15  10 10 5 5 16 11  3 3 2 2 4 2  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  198 93 105  39.8 40.0 39.7  956 980 934  919 962 871  847 884 804  – – –  1,038 1,052 1,004  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – 1  13 – 24  34 26 42  22 38 8  13 19 8  10 15 6  2 – 3  4 2 5  3 – 5  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Computer Programmers Level I: State and local government ..................  18  40.0  530  483  442  –  559  –  67  17  –  17  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,997 1,900 1,805 97  40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9  653 652 650 676  635 635 625 644  575 575 574 586  – – – –  721 721 721 746  – – – –  1 1 1 –  39 39 41 30  27 26 25 32  24 24 23 28  9 9 9 6  1 ( 3) 3 ( ) 3  ( 3) – – 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,016 1,875 99 96 1,776 141  39.7 39.7 38.2 38.2 39.8 39.8  800 799 886 884 794 818  792 792 894 868 787 782  705 704 834 834 697 706  – – – – – –  880 880 950 947 880 904  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  3 3 – – 3 1  21 21 5 5 22 21  28 28 5 5 29 28  25 26 41 43 25 17  16 16 42 41 14 21  5 5 6 6 4 8  1 1 – – 1 4  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  919 833 826 86  40.0 40.0 40.0 39.8  966 972 971 907  971 975 975 873  868 879 879 840  – – – –  1,038 1,044 1,044 954  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  18 18 18 17  15 12 12 45  23 24 24 20  32 34 34 12  3 3 3 2  6 6 6 3  3 3 3 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Computer Systems Analysts Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  967 877 753 90  39.8 39.8 39.8 39.7  768 756 748 888  741 731 712 863  681 679 673 797  – – – –  833 798 780 946  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  32 35 40 3  38 39 37 23  16 14 10 33  8 7 6 23  3 3 3 8  2 2 2 7  ( 3) – – 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  3,285 3,118 309 305 2,809 249 167  39.8 39.9 39.6 39.6 39.9 39.9 39.7  928 922 1,012 1,011 912 1,007 1,034  897 895 1,006 1,003 878 1,010 1,038  821 821 948 948 812 946 901  – – – – – – –  1,017 1,010 1,077 1,077 1,000 1,078 1,153  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  2 2 – – 2 – 1  16 17 ( 3) ( 3) 19 4 5  32 33 10 10 36 8 18  20 20 36 36 19 33 17  15 15 40 39 12 35 23  8 8 12 12 7 17 19  5 4 1 1 5 2 13  1 1 ( 3) ( 3) 1 – 5  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,639 2,510 143 143 2,367 129  39.9 39.9 39.3 39.3 40.0 39.7  1,070 1,070 1,183 1,183 1,063 1,081  1,049 1,048 1,169 1,169 1,042 1,067  962 962 1,098 1,098 958 1,006  – – – – – –  1,177 1,177 1,239 1,239 1,175 1,177  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  10 10 – – 11 5  26 26 2 2 27 19  25 24 24 24 24 35  19 19 28 28 18 21  13 13 34 34 12 17  6 6 8 8 6 3  1 1 3 3 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 3 ( ) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  6  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  – $1,264 – 1,264 – 1,263  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  3 3 3  17 17 17  36 36 36  25 25 25  12 12 12  5 5 5  1 1 1  – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Middle range  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  894 894 891  40.0 40.0 40.0  $1,195 1,195 1,194  $1,181 1,181 1,181  $1,109 1,109 1,109  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  235 214 163 27  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.6  1,223 1,211 1,193 1,272  1,206 1,196 1,154 –  1,141 1,112 1,102 –  – – – –  1,317 1,310 1,270 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 3 –  17 18 20 15  30 30 33 15  22 24 25 19  21 20 16 33  6 6 3 19  2 – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  287 255 242 32  39.8 39.9 39.8 39.6  1,402 1,421 1,417 1,248  1,416 1,421 1,421 –  1,287 1,306 1,298 –  – – – –  1,478 1,486 1,481 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 1 1 9  9 5 6 34  19 18 19 28  15 15 13 22  36 40 42 3  11 13 12 –  4 4 2 3  2 2 2 –  – – – –  2 3 3 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Personnel Specialists Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  97 87 87  39.9 40.0 40.0  502 496 496  491 491 491  466 465 465  – – –  521 521 521  – – –  61 64 64  37 36 36  2 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  641 581 536 60  39.6 39.5 39.6 39.8  649 639 636 741  635 635 633 729  606 606 596 633  – – – –  702 692 678 844  – – – –  3 3 4 –  20 21 22 13  50 52 54 33  20 20 17 22  4 3 3 18  2 ( 3) ( 3) 13  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,226 1,114 61 1,053 39 112  39.6 39.5 39.3 39.5 39.3 39.7  810 807 844 805 819 841  793 793 – 790 – 841  721 721 – 719 – 737  – – – – – –  856 856 – 845 – 917  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  5 5 8 5 – 2  11 11 10 11 21 16  37 39 18 40 21 21  30 30 38 30 38 29  7 5 5 5 10 21  4 4 10 3 10 6  6 7 11 7 – 1  1 ( 3) – ( 3) – 4  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  575 436 404 30 139  39.4 39.3 39.3 39.8 39.7  1,080 1,084 1,081 1,103 1,068  1,067 1,067 1,067 – 1,069  990 1,005 1,000 – 963  – – – – –  1,162 1,162 1,162 – 1,192  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  2 1 1 – 6  9 10 10 7 8  14 13 13 7 19  34 35 34 40 31  19 22 22 10 12  12 9 7 37 19  8 10 10 – 2  1 1 1 – 2  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  156 136 108  39.1 39.0 38.9  1,416 1,443 1,461  1,471 1,510 1,510  1,250 1,322 1,366  – – –  1,613 1,613 1,613  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 1 –  6 4 4  3 1 2  16 18 17  19 16 15  4 4 2  22 25 24  27 31 37  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Personnel Supervisors/Managers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  120 116 109  39.9 39.9 39.9  1,175 1,172 1,177  1,251 1,250 1,254  1,072 1,072 1,100  – – –  1,283 1,283 1,283  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 3 4  10 10 11  13 13 10  18 19 17  43 43 46  9 9 10  1 1 1  2 1 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  77 60 56  39.6 39.7 39.7  1,390 1,405 1,400  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – –  5 3 4  12 13 14  14 15 16  10 10 11  31 28 23  21 23 25  4 5 5  – – –  1 2 2  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  7  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  Tax Collectors Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  24 24  40.0 40.0  $460 460  $468 468  $430 430  – –  $508 508  17 17  58 58  25 25  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  26 26  40.0 40.0  557 557  568 568  540 540  – –  568 568  – –  4 4  88 88  8 8  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  33 33  40.0 40.0  768 768  770 770  727 727  – –  791 791  – –  – –  – –  15 15  67 67  18 18  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  8  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996  Occupation and level  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  Under 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1050  1050 1100  1100 1150  1150 and over  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  124 122 122  40.0 40.0 40.0  $404 403 403  $404 404 404  $368 368 368  – – –  $454 454 454  6 6 6  30 30 30  6 6 6  31 32 32  – – –  26 26 26  1 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  782 681 636 101  39.6 39.6 39.7 39.7  456 451 448 487  459 458 454 479  415 409 396 434  – – – –  504 503 498 512  2 3 3 –  9 10 11 5  11 12 12 4  7 6 6 14  12 12 11 16  21 23 23 7  12 11 10 18  23 23 23 20  2 1 ( 3) 10  1 ( 3) ( 3) 1  1 1 ( 3) –  ( 3) – – 3  ( 3) – – 2  ( 3) – – 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  557 483 441 95 74  39.8 39.8 39.9 39.9 39.7  587 583 580 622 616  587 587 587 611 593  522 522 522 587 526  – – – – –  630 630 620 658 684  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 1 – –  1 1 1 – –  3 2 2 – 4  4 4 4 – 7  30 30 30 1 27  25 26 26 46 20  18 19 16 12 11  10 11 12 36 7  4 2 2 5 12  4 4 4 – 5  1 1 – – 1  ( 3) – – – 1  ( 3) – – – 1  ( 3) – – – 1  ( 3) – – – 1  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV: State and local government ..................  25  39.9  702  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  4  4  32  8  –  4  16  16  8  8  –  –  –  –  –  Drafters Level II: Private industry: Service-producing industries ............  103  39.9  538  536  498  –  538  –  –  –  –  3  –  26  61  3  2  –  –  5  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  226 204  39.8 39.8  667 679  690 690  650 654  – –  696 696  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 –  4 1  4 4  11 10  5 2  57 63  12 14  1 1  – –  – –  4 5  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  17  29  –  –  26  –  –  –  29  –  –  –  –  –  29 29  – –  13 13  26 26  9 9  7 7  5 5  5 5  5 5  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries: Transportation and utilities ...........  35  38.8  705  –  –  –  –  Engineering Technicians Level I ....................................................... Private industry .....................................  82 82  40.0 40.0  408 408  408 408  340 340  – –  441 441  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  266 266 111 111 155  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9  540 540 551 551 532  525 525 546 546 509  496 496 516 516 481  – – – – –  569 569 596 596 554  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  5 5 1 1 7  1 1 1 1 1  8 8 1 1 14  15 15 12 12 17  31 31 36 36 27  27 27 36 36 21  8 8 13 13 5  1 1 1 1 1  – – – – –  4 4 – – 7  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  407 407 127 127 280 37  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.4  650 650 624 624 662 735  649 649 590 590 662 –  590 590 564 564 629 –  – – – – – –  674 674 680 680 674 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 2 2 – –  2 2 1 1 2 –  4 4 7 7 3 –  23 23 48 48 11 32  22 22 11 11 27 16  32 32 11 11 42 –  7 7 12 12 5 5  3 3 4 4 3 –  2 2 3 3 1 5  2 2 2 2 2 16  2 2 – – 3 24  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  4  See footnotes at end of table.  9  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  Under 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1050  1050 1100  1100 1150  1150 and over  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  387 386 193 193 193 57  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.3  $746 745 761 761 730 855  $748 748 768 768 720 913  $685 685 719 719 649 692  – – – – – –  $803 803 818 818 748 1,005  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  4 4 – – 8 –  5 5 – – 10 –  8 8 6 6 10 –  14 14 13 13 15 28  29 29 25 25 32 14  14 15 24 24 5 –  13 13 24 24 1 4  3 3 6 6 – –  4 4 1 1 7 18  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 2  5 5 – – 10 35  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  210 210  40.0 40.0  918 918  886 886  845 845  – –  950 950  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  41 41  10 10  10 10  23 23  1 1  5 5  9 9  – –  Engineering Technicians, Civil Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  144 111  39.9 40.0  541 536  522 515  468 451  – –  609 626  – –  – –  2 1  8 10  10 13  9 12  9 12  22 15  10 9  13 9  10 14  5 5  – –  1 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  429 363  40.0 39.9  597 579  572 551  515 504  – –  664 644  – –  – –  – –  3 3  1 1  2 2  8 9  26 31  18 20  12 10  16 10  3 4  7 6  2 3  ( 3) 1  1 –  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  314 275  39.9 39.9  725 722  727 717  616 614  – –  828 826  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 3  3 3  16 16  16 16  6 6  16 14  13 15  8 9  7 8  12 11  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level V ...................................................... State and local government ..................  124 124  39.7 39.7  839 839  863 863  688 688  – –  967 967  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  2 2  1 1  4 4  31 31  2 2  6 6  4 4  8 8  18 18  6 6  11 11  6 6  1 1  1 1  Level VI ..................................................... State and local government ..................  11 11  40.0 40.0  684 684  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  9 9  82 82  9 9  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Corrections Officers ................................... State and local government ......................  3,317 3,317  40.0 40.0  604 604  596 596  564 564  – –  628 628  – –  – –  – –  1 1  1 1  4 4  1 1  12 12  40 40  23 23  8 8  5 5  4 4  1 1  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Firefighters .................................................. State and local government ......................  2,516 2,516  46.7 46.7  684 684  682 682  583 583  – –  764 764  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  13 13  16 16  13 13  11 11  19 19  10 10  9 9  5 5  3 3  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  Police Officers Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  6,146 6,056  39.9 39.9  698 702  653 653  619 622  – –  781 781  – –  ( 3) –  ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  1 1  1 ( 3)  4 3  16 16  23 23  14 14  9 10  9 10  9 9  5 5  3 3  4 4  2 2  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  Level II: State and local government ..................  953  40.0  865  901  787  –  946  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  16  12  8  10  27  24  ( 3)  ( 3)  –  –  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  3 4  Less than 0.5 percent. Workers were distributed as follows: 5 percent at $300 and under $325 and 24 percent at $325 and under $350.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  10  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 250  250 300  300 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1050  1050 1100  Clerks, Accounting Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  101 73 72  39.0 39.6 39.6  $343 340 338  $354 – –  $301 – –  – – –  $380 – –  2 3 3  19 26 26  15 11 11  55 48 49  8 11 11  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  2,277 1,967 305 237 1,662 179 310  39.5 39.6 39.2 39.0 39.6 39.9 38.9  414 410 439 433 404 369 442  406 400 424 412 400 320 431  378 376 385 385 369 260 388  – – – – – – –  453 446 504 486 446 420 491  – – – – – – –  4 4 – – 5 27 ( 3)  8 9 8 11 9 27 3  34 35 26 31 36 4 32  29 30 31 26 29 22 25  13 12 9 8 13 7 19  11 10 21 19 8 9 19  1 1 3 3 ( 3) – 1  ( 3) ( 3) 2 3 – – 1  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) 3 1  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries: Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  2,375 1,711  39.6 39.6  494 489  481 480  442 441  – –  540 530  – –  – –  1 ( 3)  9 10  20 20  31 34  19 18  10 7  7 7  3 3  ( 3) –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  141 1,521 38 664  39.8 39.6 39.7 39.6  498 489 558 507  480 480 – 500  459 441 – 445  – – – –  541 530 – 557  – – – –  – – – –  – ( 3) – 2  13 10 3 5  5 20 5 20  43 34 5 23  16 18 34 22  6 8 37 16  13 7 5 8  4 3 11 3  – – – 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  678 477 446 201  39.4 39.2 39.3 39.7  565 579 574 533  558 572 568 485  500 519 517 471  – – – –  641 655 655 595  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 2 2  6 5 5 7  17 5 6 45  22 27 28 11  15 17 18 10  13 14 13 10  23 30 27 6  1 – – 3  1 – – 3  ( 3) – – ( 3)  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Clerks, General Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  107 62  40.0 40.0  284 280  280 278  254 254  – –  318 301  9 3  50 71  37 21  3 3  1 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,000 622 505 378  39.7 39.5 39.4 40.0  370 376 380 360  364 377 385 345  331 344 346 303  – – – –  406 410 410 395  1 1 1 –  8 3 3 17  32 30 29 35  28 30 27 24  24 31 36 12  5 3 3 8  2 2 2 3  ( 3) ( 3) – 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  2,368 1,039 920 152 1,329  39.9 39.8 39.8 40.0 40.0  416 441 443 523 397  409 423 423 578 377  365 400 400 449 355  – – – – –  451 481 484 578 429  ( 3) 1 1 – –  1 1 1 – 1  13 7 8 – 18  33 15 13 – 47  27 41 39 27 16  14 18 19 9 10  6 5 6 8 6  6 11 13 57 2  1 1 1 – 1  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,656 1,168 1,082 488  39.9 39.8 39.8 39.9  542 570 577 476  571 613 613 440  471 510 536 411  – – – –  613 613 613 532  ( 3) – – ( 3)  – – – –  2 – – 7  3 ( 3) ( 3) 9  14 4 3 36  15 18 15 9  13 12 12 16  8 9 10 6  40 53 57 8  4 3 3 7  1 1 1 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Clerks, Order Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  214 214 56 56  39.7 39.7 40.0 40.0  359 359 369 369  352 352 – –  285 285 – –  – – – –  417 417 – –  – – – –  31 31 13 13  11 11 34 34  28 28 25 25  15 15 14 14  15 15 14 14  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  11  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 250  250 300  300 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1050  1050 1100  Key Entry Operators Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  504 473 449 31  39.8 39.8 39.8 39.8  $346 344 342 379  $351 349 347 –  $306 296 286 –  – – – –  $389 382 382 –  8 9 9 –  16 16 17 13  24 25 26 13  28 27 24 35  21 21 21 35  2 1 2 3  1 1 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  691 99  39.9 39.4  459 459  448 448  395 405  – –  513 494  – –  5 –  2 5  18 16  26 30  22 25  10 11  10 9  5 2  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Personnel Assistants (Employment) Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  133 110 101  39.9 39.9 39.9  421 415 411  435 435 413  385 385 385  – – –  447 447 447  – – –  – – –  16 17 19  19 16 18  41 45 45  14 14 11  8 6 7  1 1 1  1 – –  2 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  165 94 81 71  39.6 39.5 39.4 39.8  521 530 520 510  510 538 510 504  469 469 469 469  – – – –  559 593 552 531  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  8 2 2 15  35 35 41 34  25 20 23 32  19 30 27 6  8 11 4 6  4 1 1 7  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Secretaries Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  831 399  39.3 39.7  459 437  449 428  402 400  – –  505 451  – –  1 –  11 7  12 19  32 50  16 7  11 11  7 5  8 3  2 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  2,313 982 68 66 914 74 1,331  39.4 38.7 39.9 39.9 38.6 39.5 39.9  525 521 567 566 518 560 528  505 510 – – 503 572 505  463 470 – – 466 501 459  – – – – – – –  585 585 – – 572 586 587  – – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – – ( 3)  1 1 – – 1 1 1  5 8 6 6 8 1 2  16 13 1 2 14 1 19  25 24 19 20 24 18 26  16 19 13 14 19 15 14  15 14 15 12 14 49 16  13 15 35 36 14 3 12  3 2 10 11 1 7 5  3 3 – – 3 5 2  2 2 – – 2 – 3  ( 3) – – – – – ( 3)  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  3,192 2,549 250 122 2,299 171 643  39.5 39.4 39.7 39.5 39.4 39.8 39.6  586 577 647 616 570 593 617  580 575 667 615 557 590 618  497 497 615 541 489 538 515  – – – – – – –  659 648 707 681 639 615 696  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  1 ( 3) – – ( 3) – 2  8 9 8 16 9 – 3  18 19 2 5 21 5 15  15 15 3 7 17 26 12  15 16 4 7 18 20 12  15 15 29 30 13 29 16  12 11 22 14 10 11 18  8 8 28 11 6 4 8  4 3 2 3 3 5 11  3 3 2 4 3 – 2  ( 3) ( 3) 1 2 – – 1  ( 3) – – – – – 1  ( 3) – – – – – ( 3)  ( 3) – – – – – ( 3)  – – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,146 961 91 91 870 104 185  39.4 39.4 39.2 39.2 39.4 39.6 39.7  699 698 723 723 696 708 701  702 700 715 715 695 662 707  624 627 650 650 625 645 593  – – – – – – –  779 770 783 783 770 817 817  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – – 2  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) – 1  1 1 – – 1 1 2  8 7 1 1 7 1 12  11 11 16 16 10 8 9  14 15 3 3 16 17 8  16 17 23 23 16 32 12  19 20 12 12 21 11 12  11 10 25 25 9 4 15  12 12 10 10 13 3 12  7 6 2 2 6 24 14  1 1 2 2 1 – 1  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 2 2 – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  232 183 179 49  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9  816 804 803 861  801 774 774 927  733 731 731 771  – – – –  930 865 865 953  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 2  3 3 3 4  10 11 11 6  13 15 15 8  21 25 24 8  17 19 20 8  6 5 6 8  6 2 2 20  21 17 18 35  1 1 1 –  ( 3) 1 1 –  See footnotes at end of table.  12  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 250  250 300  300 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1050  1050 1100  Switchboard Operator-Receptionists ....... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ............... State and local government ......................  1,912 1,885 261 1,624 53 27  39.3 39.3 39.4 39.3 39.8 39.9  $412 412 415 411 400 433  $404 404 394 404 370 –  $343 343 360 337 344 –  – – – – – –  $476 476 452 481 498 –  3 3 – 4 – –  10 10 – 11 15 –  17 17 13 18 17 11  17 17 38 13 26 33  17 18 15 18 11 7  15 15 22 13 17 30  13 13 – 15 13 11  5 5 13 3 – 7  3 3 – 4 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Word Processors Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  269 268 268  39.4 39.4 39.4  413 413 413  395 395 395  367 367 367  – – –  452 452 452  – – –  – – –  13 13 13  40 40 40  20 19 19  20 20 20  – – –  7 7 7  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  518 496 483 22  39.9 39.9 39.9 40.0  486 486 486 473  480 480 480 458  437 437 437 428  – – – –  519 519 519 518  – – – –  – – – –  3  1 1 ( ) 5  5 4 4 14  29 28 29 32  24 25 25 14  22 22 22 14  9 9 9 18  10 10 10 5  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  446 325 310 121  39.5 39.4 39.4 39.9  583 613 615 503  563 612 628 512  512 539 539 509  – – – –  655 655 665 512  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 2  3 2 2 7  6 5 5 8  38 22 22 79  12 16 13 1  13 17 18 2  17 24 25 –  2 3 4 –  5 7 7 –  2 3 3 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See  Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  13  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  6.00 and under 7.00  7.00 8.00  8.00 9.00  9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 27.00 28.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 27.00 28.00 over  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  1,362 1,203 1,127 159  $10.71 10.60 10.63 11.59  $10.30 10.00 10.25 10.71  $9.15 9.00 9.00 9.68  – $12.49 – 12.32 – 12.49 – 14.04  7 7 8 –  4 5 5 1  8 8 9 9  23 24 21 18  14 13 13 25  14 15 14 7  12 13 13 8  7 7 8 8  6 5 6 13  2 1 1 11  2 2 2 2  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Maintenance Electricians ........................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  683 404 70 334 279  18.36 19.18 18.96 19.23 17.16  17.83 18.99 – 19.08 16.80  16.13 16.87 – 17.17 15.04  – – – – –  21.06 21.64 – 21.64 19.12  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) – – – ( 2)  ( 2) – – – ( 2)  1 – – – 3  1 ( 2) 1 – 1  2 ( 2) – 1 4  8 5 9 4 14  8 9 – 11 6  18 13 51 5 26  13 13 – 16 14  9 11 – 13 6  6 6 – 8 6  6 3 – 4 10  13 21 1 25 1  11 13 37 8 6  3 4 – 5 1  ( 2) – – – ( 2)  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Maintenance Electronics Technicians Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  108 100 98 84  13.44 13.29 13.34 13.29  13.00 13.00 13.00 12.98  11.78 11.58 11.85 11.58  – – – –  14.42 14.42 14.42 14.42  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  9 10 8 10  24 24 24 29  15 15 15 13  19 21 21 20  16 17 17 13  3 3 3 4  3 – – –  1 – – –  10 10 10 12  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  1,309 1,207 1,187  19.80 20.01 19.99  21.40 21.40 21.40  18.75 20.10 20.10  – – –  21.40 21.40 21.40  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  2 2 2  2 1 1  1 ( 2) ( 2)  4 4 4  7 6 6  5 4 4  4 4 4  3 2 2  17 17 17  53 57 58  1 1 1  ( 2) – –  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  364 322 322 177 42  22.00 22.41 22.41 22.93 18.84  21.56 21.71 21.71 23.20 19.39  19.90 20.42 20.42 20.20 16.83  – – – – –  23.88 24.42 24.42 24.56 21.19  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 – – – 7  1 – – – 10  2 1 1 2 12  5 5 5 7 10  7 7 7 10 7  9 7 7 4 24  16 18 18 5 –  14 13 13 11 24  9 9 9 10 5  11 12 12 10 2  10 12 12 21 –  2 2 2 3 –  1 1 1 – –  3 4 4 – –  8 9 9 3 16 –  Maintenance Machinists ............................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  151 123 114 114 28  20.79 21.08 21.52 21.52 19.49  21.95 21.95 21.95 21.95 –  20.39 21.95 21.95 21.95 –  – – – – –  23.15 23.15 23.15 23.15 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  9 10 7 7 7  2 2 2 2 4  7 7 4 4 4  3 – – – 18  1 1 1 1 –  1 1 – – 4  6 – – – 32  42 45 48 48 32  – – – – –  28 35 38 38 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Machinery ......... State and local government ......................  344 68  19.82 15.51  23.31 15.50  16.59 14.86  – –  23.31 16.38  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 4  2 9  6 28  6 19  28 22  6 15  1 3  – –  – –  1 –  ( 2) –  51 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ............... State and local government ......................  1,301 578 173 405 299 723  17.97 18.15 14.38 19.76 20.53 17.83  18.46 18.46 14.55 19.60 20.92 18.39  15.51 14.55 13.00 18.46 19.60 16.09  – – – – – –  20.36 20.92 14.55 21.70 21.70 20.15  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 2) – – – – ( 2)  1 1 3 2 ( ) – ( 2)  4 2 6 – – 5  2 2 3 1 ( 2) 2  5 7 21 1 1 3  10 16 47 2 2 5  6 3 5 3 ( 2) 9  9 4 8 3 3 13  9 7 – 10 10 11  9 14 4 18 3 5  14 11 – 16 18 17  18 12 – 17 22 23  6 9 – 13 18 4  1 1 – 1 1 2  5 11 2 15 20 1  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Maintenance Pipefitters ............................. State and local government ......................  108 105  15.79 15.87  16.00 16.00  14.36 14.86  – –  17.49 17.49  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  6 6  6 5  9 10  6 5  6 6  40 41  12 12  15 15  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 2 Less than 0.5 percent.  3  Workers were distributed as follows: 15 percent at $28.00 and under $29.00 and 1 percent at $29.00 and under $30.00.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  14  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 4.75  4.75 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $13.21 – 11.83 – 17.72  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – 11  – – 5  2 3 13  9 11 7  4 5 2  4 5 –  12 16 –  4 6 ( 2)  27 35 8  – – –  16 20 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – 38  23 – 16  – – –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  5  16  17  16  27  10  7  ( 2)  ( 2)  ( 2)  –  –  –  –  2  Middle range  Forklift Operators: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................  141 108 794  $12.64 10.93 13.44  $11.83 11.83 17.72  $9.89 9.69 7.50  Guards Level I: State and local government ..................  213  8.88  8.92  8.21  9.39  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 over  2  –  –  2  6,150 6,049 6,041 101  11.09 11.07 11.07 12.67  11.20 11.20 11.20 12.37  10.75 10.75 10.75 10.75  – – – –  11.75 11.59 11.59 13.53  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  ( ) ( 2) ( 2) –  11 12 12 –  2 2 2 –  19 19 19 26  55 56 56 18  8 8 8 19  2 2 2 18  1 1 1 11  ( ) ( 2) ( 2) 2  – – – –  ( ) – – 7  – – – –  – – – –  Janitors ........................................................ 25,626 Private industry ......................................... 21,771 Goods-producing industries .................. 176 Manufacturing ................................... 162 Service-producing industries ................ 21,595 Transportation and utilities ............... 59 State and local government ...................... 3,855  7.54 7.03 9.37 9.64 7.01 9.88 10.45  7.23 6.50 9.58 9.84 6.50 10.65 10.07  5.50 5.25 8.62 9.00 5.25 6.50 8.99  – – – – – – –  8.89 8.81 10.47 10.47 8.81 13.79 11.78  1 1 – – 1 – –  1 1 – – 1 – –  1 1 – – 1 – –  20 24 – – 24 – –  10 11 – – 11 – ( 2)  9 11 4 – 11 10 ( 2)  4 4 15 12 4 32 2  6 6 – – 6 – 3  10 10 2 2 10 – 6  3 3 1 1 3 – 5  12 12 6 7 12 – 9  5 5 18 19 5 – 9  3 2 10 11 2 – 10  9 8 22 24 8 27 17  3 1 21 23 ( 2) – 15  1 ( 2) – – ( 2) – 9  1 ( 2) – – ( 2) 31 7  1 ( 2) – – ( 2) – 4  ( 2) – – – – – 2  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Material Handling Laborers: Private industry: Service-producing industries: Transportation and utilities ...............  11.38  6.30  6.12  –  19.40  –  –  –  –  –  53  3  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  9  –  –  –  10  –  2  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  312  3  26  Order Fillers ................................................ Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................  2,241 2,241 2,208  11.82 11.82 11.85  10.43 10.43 10.67  6.15 6.15 6.15  – – –  17.66 17.66 17.66  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  11 11 11  26 26 26  3 3 3  2 2 2  ( ) ( 2) –  3 3 3  1 1 1  1 1 1  2 2 2  3 3 3  – – –  2 2 2  3 3 3  – – –  – – –  – – –  20 20 20  23 23 24  – – –  Shipping/Receiving Clerks ........................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ...............  835 811 165 162 646 44  11.76 11.77 11.34 11.37 11.88 12.87  10.99 10.99 11.10 11.12 10.99 11.77  9.56 9.56 9.60 9.60 9.45 10.25  – – – – – –  13.25 13.25 13.91 13.91 13.25 17.35  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  3 3 2 2 3 –  4 4 – – 5 –  3 3 2 2 4 –  2 2 1 1 2 –  10 10 5 6 11 14  21 22 30 30 20 5  9 9 9 7 8 9  6 5 13 14 3 25  5 5 5 6 5 18  21 22 29 30 20 –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 2 ( ) 2  10 11 – – 13 27  4 4 – – 5 –  – – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  15  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  Truckdrivers Medium Truck: State and local government ..................  31  $13.08  –  –  Heavy Truck ............................................. Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  2,801 2,657 1,303 677 1,354  12.68 12.62 12.30 13.83 12.92  $12.70 12.67 12.75 14.05 12.31  $10.73 10.73 10.00 14.05 11.07  Tractor Trailer ........................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  2,313 2,302 204 128 2,098  17.42 17.41 14.86 14.44 17.66  17.71 17.71 15.08 14.25 19.07  Warehouse Specialists: Private industry: Goods-producing industries: Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries: Transportation and utilities ............... State and local government ......................  51  12.70  176 144  12.26 13.16  –  –  4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 4.75  4.75 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 over  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  3  10  6  35  10  26  10  –  –  –  –  – $14.05 – 14.05 – 14.05 – 14.40 – 13.80  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2)  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2)  ( 2) ( 2) 1 ( 2) ( 2)  1 1 ( 2) 1 2  11 11 19 1 4  15 15 13 4 17  14 15 12 2 17  16 16 6 1 26  7 6 2 – 9  24 25 48 91 4  3 2 – – 5  2 2 – – 4  1 1 – – 2  2 2 – – 4  3 2 – – 4  15.60 15.46 14.05 14.05 17.71  – – – – –  19.07 19.07 15.15 15.15 19.50  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  2 2 11 6 1  1 1 – – 1  13 13 8 2 14  5 5 27 43 3  7 7 35 49 4  ( 2) ( 2) 3 – –  24 24 – – 27  2 1 16 – –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  6  –  –  –  8  2  8  2  14  41  20  –  –  –  –  –  13.75 13.00  7.75 12.00  – –  15.49 14.11  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  5 –  – –  18 –  5 –  – 1  5 3  – –  – 1  – 3  9 15  5 22  5 25  9 15  28 5  12 3  1 3  – 3  – 1  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 2 Less than 0.5 percent.  3  3  47 47 – – 51  All workers were at $19.00 and under $20.00.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  16  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  134 111 94  40.0 40.0 40.0  $534 532 520  $519 519 514  $504 506 500  – – –  $577 577 530  – – –  22 20 23  66 71 71  13 9 5  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  458 319 55 55 264 40 139  39.6 39.6 39.5 39.5 39.6 39.2 39.7  662 646 663 663 643 706 699  654 635 – – 633 668 710  589 584 – – 577 597 603  – – – – – – –  720 692 – – 675 866 782  – – – – – – –  1 1 – – 2 – –  26 27 18 18 29 30 24  43 52 49 49 53 25 22  21 13 33 33 9 15 40  7 6 – – 7 25 9  2 1 – – 1 5 5  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  616 457 74 383 66 159  39.7 39.7 39.7 39.7 39.6 39.6  814 804 784 808 887 841  806 803 – 808 896 829  710 711 – 708 817 707  – – – – – –  903 891 – 892 957 960  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – 1  2 2 – 2 – 3  20 21 18 21 5 19  26 27 45 23 17 22  26 31 26 32 33 13  19 15 12 16 36 29  5 4 – 4 6 9  2 1 – 2 3 4  ( 3) – – – – 1  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  305 184 147 121  39.6 39.6 39.7 39.6  1,011 1,033 1,037 976  991 1,000 1,013 919  876 902 905 846  – – – –  1,154 1,154 1,154 1,077  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  10 5 7 17  23 18 17 30  21 24 22 16  16 18 20 14  12 16 14 7  13 14 14 13  2 2 3 1  3 3 3 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  110 71 63 39  39.6 39.5 39.7 39.8  1,278 1,338 1,327 1,169  1,301 – – –  1,087 – – –  – – – –  1,456 – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  8 1 2 21  18 13 14 28  17 20 22 13  6 8 10 3  17 11 8 28  20 30 29 3  5 6 3 5  5 7 8 –  3 4 5 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Attorneys Level I: State and local government ..................  36  39.5  708  –  –  –  –  –  –  3  64  22  6  3  3  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  143 132  39.9 39.9  959 949  943 895  799 799  – –  1,104 1,104  – –  – –  – –  – –  29 31  21 23  8 8  17 11  16 16  7 8  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  194 61 60 133  39.6 39.7 39.7 39.6  1,237 1,448 1,449 1,139  1,167 – – 1,065  1,007 – – 979  – – – –  1,461 – – 1,295  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 – – 2  23 – – 34  18 5 5 24  10 10 10 10  8 11 12 6  7 10 10 5  12 20 18 8  9 15 15 6  8 16 17 5  4 13 13 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  159 51 108  39.7 39.1 40.0  1,550 1,953 1,359  1,532 – 1,258  1,190 – 1,157  – – –  1,834 – 1,579  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  6 – 9  21 – 31  13 – 19  6 – 8  3 2 3  9 6 10  8 20 3  9 2 12  6 20 –  8 24 –  3 2 3  2 2 2  5 16 –  3 8 –  See footnotes at end of table.  17  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  Engineers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  284 274 205 38  40.0 40.0 40.0 39.8  $646 648 628 655  $635 638 626 –  $598 598 598 –  – – – –  $690 692 669 –  – – – –  1 1 2 –  26 26 26 29  52 52 63 37  18 19 8 34  2 2 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,074 938 718 222 136  39.9 40.0 39.9 39.8 39.9  800 798 803 807 815  786 781 791 792 809  720 720 713 736 727  – – – – –  866 865 875 863 885  – – – – –  – – – – –  3 3 4 – 2  16 16 19 16 17  34 35 29 38 25  28 27 26 25 34  12 11 14 15 15  5 5 5 5 6  1 1 2 1 1  1 1 1 – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,128 1,951 881 177  39.9 40.0 39.9 39.7  964 965 944 958  946 946 926 931  880 884 865 824  – – – –  1,039 1,033 1,000 1,095  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) – – 1  6 5 9 19  25 25 30 21  36 37 35 16  19 19 15 19  10 9 8 21  4 4 3 3  ( 3) 1 ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,641 1,409 833 248 232  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.6 39.6  1,181 1,193 1,151 1,165 1,104  1,180 1,189 1,126 1,128 1,097  1,077 1,092 1,060 1,068 968  – – – – –  1,275 1,280 1,243 1,251 1,223  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) – – – ( 3)  ( 3) – – – 2  2 1 1 1 9  7 6 10 12 17  21 21 30 25 22  25 26 28 29 19  25 26 18 15 15  13 14 10 13 12  4 4 2 2 3  2 2 1 3 –  1 1 ( 3) 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,116 941 657 133 175  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.6 39.4  1,370 1,386 1,385 1,376 1,281  1,359 1,370 1,373 1,348 1,306  1,256 1,274 1,252 1,226 1,097  – – – – –  1,494 1,503 1,511 1,511 1,414  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 – – – 4  4 1 1 3 22  9 9 12 17 9  21 22 22 20 14  23 23 20 14 24  18 19 17 16 10  15 16 18 16 13  7 8 10 12 3  1 1 1 2 1  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 2 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level VI ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  504 465 314 39  40.0 40.0 40.0 39.5  1,663 1,679 1,676 1,471  1,659 1,673 1,667 –  1,553 1,563 1,554 –  – – – –  1,786 1,790 1,779 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 ( 3) – 5  4 2 2 26  3 3 3 3  10 10 11 8  19 17 18 41  22 23 23 8  21 22 21 10  11 12 11 –  5 6 5 –  3 3 4 –  1 1 2 –  – – – –  – – – –  Level VII ....................................................  63  39.7  2,011  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  14  11  13  37  8  11  5  Budget Analysts Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  68 56  39.8 39.9  725 720  – 703  – 620  – –  – 783  – –  – –  15 14  26 29  37 34  10 11  9 11  3 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  117 92  39.8 39.8  858 856  813 814  741 708  – –  990 991  – –  – –  – –  12 15  36 29  11 14  19 20  14 14  7 5  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  71 66  40.0 40.0  1,022 1,015  – 948  – 847  – –  – 1,188  – –  – –  – –  – –  8 9  31 33  17 15  10 9  11 11  8 9  13 14  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS  See footnotes at end of table.  18  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  – –  35 33  49 58  10 9  4 –  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Buyers/Contracting Specialists Level I ....................................................... Private industry .....................................  79 57  39.9 39.9  $546 536  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  290 189 143 101  39.7 39.8 39.7 39.5  676 673 649 681  $662 663 652 643  $603 606 606 576  – – – –  $727 725 686 745  – – – –  – – – –  24 19 24 36  39 49 56 21  22 20 15 25  11 11 6 12  3 2 – 5  1 – – 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  213 113 86 100  39.8 39.7 39.7 39.8  836 861 832 808  806 825 790 756  727 760 733 707  – – – –  950 962 899 915  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) – – 1  14 8 10 21  34 34 44 35  19 22 21 15  15 16 8 15  15 18 16 11  2 3 – 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  192 87 105  39.8 40.0 39.7  954 978 934  915 962 871  847 865 804  – – –  1,036 1,052 1,004  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – 1  13 – 24  35 28 42  20 36 8  14 21 8  9 14 6  2 – 3  4 2 5  3 – 5  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Computer Programmers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  243 225 215 18  39.9 39.8 39.9 40.0  568 571 564 530  577 577 577 483  490 490 490 442  – – – –  646 646 643 559  – – – –  36 33 35 67  23 24 25 17  37 40 40 –  4 3 – 17  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,108 1,011 923 97  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9  646 643 639 676  624 619 606 644  562 560 558 586  – – – –  728 728 731 746  – – – –  1 2 2 –  42 43 47 30  25 25 21 32  23 23 22 28  7 7 7 6  1 1 1 3  ( 3) – – 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  838 709 62 59 647 129  39.8 39.8 38.6 38.6 39.9 39.8  786 782 899 896 771 805  731 725 – – 709 775  670 667 – – 660 703  – – – – – –  904 909 – – 894 901  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 1  38 41 2 2 45 23  19 17 2 2 18 31  16 15 40 42 13 19  19 19 55 53 16 16  5 4 2 2 4 6  3 3 – – 3 5  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV: State and local government ..................  86  39.8  907  873  840  –  954  –  –  –  –  17  45  20  12  2  3  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Computer Systems Analysts Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  858 768 646 90  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.7  771 757 748 888  740 731 712 863  686 681 674 797  – – – –  825 790 776 946  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 2 –  31 34 40 3  40 42 39 23  13 11 6 33  9 8 7 23  3 3 3 8  2 2 2 7  ( 3) – – 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  2,379 2,218 283 283 1,935 238 161  39.9 39.9 39.5 39.5 39.9 39.9 39.7  904 894 1,007 1,007 877 1,007 1,038  880 868 999 999 850 1,009 1,038  813 809 940 940 798 946 909  – – – – – – –  982 968 1,061 1,061 942 1,081 1,153  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 – 1  21 22 ( 3) ( 3) 25 5 5  34 36 11 11 39 8 19  23 23 39 39 21 34 14  13 12 35 35 9 33 24  6 5 13 13 4 18 19  2 1 1 1 2 3 13  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – – 5  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  19  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,819 1,696 131 131 1,565 123  39.9 39.9 39.5 39.5 40.0 39.6  $1,036 1,032 1,184 1,184 1,020 1,081  $1,012 1,010 1,187 1,187 1,000 1,067  $949 945 1,098 1,098 940 1,006  – $1,106 – 1,097 – 1,256 – 1,256 – 1,081 – 1,177  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 –  11 11 – – 12 6  32 33 2 2 36 17  31 30 24 24 31 37  14 13 27 27 12 22  8 7 34 34 5 15  4 4 9 9 3 3  1 1 3 3 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  821 821 818  40.0 40.0 40.0  1,197 1,197 1,196  1,188 1,188 1,187  1,106 1,106 1,106  – – –  1,269 1,269 1,269  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  4 4 4  19 19 19  33 33 33  25 25 26  13 13 13  5 5 5  1 1 1  – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  179 164 113 27  39.9 39.8 39.9 39.6  1,249 1,238 1,223 1,272  1,249 1,248 1,248 –  1,149 1,141 1,132 –  – – – –  1,331 1,328 1,312 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  3 3 4 –  13 14 15 15  18 18 18 15  29 31 35 19  26 26 23 33  8 8 4 19  3 – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  217 185 172 32  39.8 39.8 39.8 39.6  1,371 1,393 1,386 1,248  1,363 1,385 1,383 –  1,250 1,269 1,259 –  – – – –  1,481 1,488 1,487 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 1 1 9  12 8 8 34  25 25 27 28  20 20 18 22  22 25 26 3  12 14 13 –  5 5 3 3  2 3 3 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Personnel Specialists Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  85 75 75  39.9 40.0 40.0  506 500 500  498 – –  479 – –  – – –  538 – –  – – –  55 59 59  42 41 41  2 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  369 315 290 54  39.7 39.7 39.7 39.8  669 655 655 751  673 666 666 755  610 596 596 640  – – – –  717 702 702 845  – – – –  3 3 3 –  21 22 22 15  43 46 46 26  24 23 22 24  7 5 5 20  3 1 1 15  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  519 421 392 29 98  39.6 39.6 39.6 39.0 39.7  813 806 802 860 841  802 795 793 – 838  750 750 749 – 740  – – – – –  872 864 855 – 911  – – – – –  – – – – –  7 8 8 – 2  7 4 4 – 18  36 41 41 28 18  30 30 30 45 29  13 12 12 14 19  5 5 4 14 7  1 ( 3) 1 – 1  2 1 1 – 5  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  312 176 161 136  39.6 39.5 39.6 39.7  1,055 1,043 1,043 1,071  1,049 1,045 1,045 1,075  960 953 956 967  – – – –  1,148 1,114 1,113 1,197  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  4 1 1 7  9 10 11 8  22 27 27 17  31 30 29 32  19 24 23 13  10 3 3 20  3 3 4 2  2 2 2 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level V ......................................................  60  39.5  1,302  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  5  17  8  15  23  5  23  3  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  See footnotes at end of table.  20  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  Personnel Supervisors/Managers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  78 74 67  39.8 39.9 39.9  $1,126 1,119 1,121  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  6 5 6  15 16 18  19 20 16  28 30 28  13 11 12  14 15 16  1 1 1  3 1 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  76 59 55  39.6 39.6 39.7  1,393 1,410 1,404  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – –  5 3 4  11 12 13  14 15 16  11 10 11  32 29 24  21 24 25  4 5 5  – – –  1 2 2  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Tax Collectors Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  24 24  40.0 40.0  460 460  $468 468  $430 430  – –  $508 508  17 17  58 58  25 25  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  26 26  40.0 40.0  557 557  568 568  540 540  – –  568 568  – –  4 4  88 88  8 8  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  33 33  40.0 40.0  768 768  770 770  727 727  – –  791 791  – –  – –  – –  15 15  67 67  18 18  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  21  Table A-7. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  325 and under 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1050  1050 1100  1100 1150  1150 and over  12 11 11  5 5 5  11 11 11  23 23 23  – – –  48 50 50  2 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  66 64 64  40.0 40.0 40.0  $422 422 422  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  485 384 352 101  39.8 39.8 39.9 39.7  478 476 474 487  $480 484 485 479  $447 448 448 434  – – – –  $509 509 509 512  1 1 1 –  3 2 2 5  6 6 7 4  8 6 6 14  14 13 12 16  13 15 14 7  15 15 14 18  36 40 42 20  3 1 1 10  ( 3) ( 3) – 1  1 1 1 –  1 – – 3  ( 3) – – 2  ( 3) – – 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  452 384 353 95 68  39.8 39.8 39.9 39.9 39.7  595 592 591 622 613  587 587 587 611 590  540 542 542 587 526  – – – – –  645 645 645 658 668  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 1 – –  1 2 2 – –  3 3 3 – 4  5 5 5 – 7  21 19 18 1 29  27 28 28 46 18  19 21 20 12 12  12 13 14 36 7  4 3 3 5 9  5 5 5 – 6  1 1 – – 1  ( 3) – – – 1  ( 3) – – – 1  ( 3) – – – 1  ( 3) – – – 1  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV .....................................................  62  39.9  681  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  6  16  21  19  6  6  16  3  3  –  –  –  –  –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Drafters Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries: Transportation and utilities ...........  74 61  39.4 39.3  651 679  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 –  12 5  14 13  22 25  5 3  5 7  23 28  3 3  – –  – –  14 16  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  35  38.8  705  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  17  29  –  –  26  –  –  –  29  –  –  –  –  –  Engineering Technicians Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  137 137 87  39.9 39.9 39.8  547 547 547  520 520 511  497 497 496  – – –  577 577 580  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 4 7  1 1 2  4 4 7  20 20 18  35 35 37  13 13 8  12 12 8  1 1 –  – – –  8 8 13  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  204 204 140 37  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.4  661 661 667 735  637 637 632 –  586 586 601 –  – – – –  712 712 718 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 – –  3 3 4 –  4 4 2 –  20 20 19 32  31 31 37 16  13 13 9 –  11 11 10 5  4 4 6 –  4 4 3 5  4 4 4 16  4 4 6 24  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  301 300 155 57  39.9 39.9 39.8 39.3  741 740 725 855  725 725 685 913  663 663 600 692  – – – –  798 798 779 1,005  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  5 5 10 –  7 7 13 –  10 10 13 –  17 17 18 28  18 18 15 14  19 19 6 –  10 10 1 4  3 2 – –  5 5 9 18  ( 3) ( 3) 1 2  7 7 13 35  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  22  Table A-7. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  325 and under 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1050  1050 1100  1100 1150  1150 and over  Engineering Technicians, Civil Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  115 108  39.9 40.0  $535 534  $515 515  $451 451  – –  $626 626  – –  – –  3 1  10 10  12 13  11 12  11 12  17 16  6 6  9 9  13 14  6 5  – –  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  359 338  39.9 39.9  582 570  551 551  504 504  – –  638 620  – –  – –  – –  3 4  1 1  2 2  9 10  31 33  19 21  10 10  9 9  3 4  7 4  2 2  1 1  1 –  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  287 260  39.9 39.9  718 714  714 714  603 603  – –  825 806  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 3  3 3  17 17  18 17  7 6  12 13  13 14  9 10  8 8  10 8  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level V ...................................................... State and local government ..................  112 112  39.7 39.7  829 829  803 803  688 688  – –  973 973  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  2 2  1 1  4 4  34 34  2 2  6 6  4 4  6 6  12 12  6 6  13 13  7 7  1 1  1 1  Level VI ..................................................... State and local government ..................  11 11  40.0 40.0  684 684  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  9 9  82 82  9 9  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Corrections Officers ................................... State and local government ......................  3,317 3,317  40.0 40.0  604 604  596 596  564 564  – –  628 628  – –  – –  – –  1 1  1 1  4 4  1 1  12 12  40 40  23 23  8 8  5 5  4 4  1 1  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Firefighters .................................................. State and local government ......................  2,504 2,504  46.7 46.7  685 685  682 682  583 583  – –  764 764  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  13 13  15 15  14 14  11 11  19 19  10 10  9 9  5 5  3 3  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  Police Officers Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  6,034 5,944  39.9 39.9  700 703  653 653  622 622  – –  783 787  – –  ( 3) –  ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  1 1  1 ( 3)  3 3  16 16  22 22  14 14  10 10  10 10  9 9  5 5  3 3  4 4  2 2  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  Level II: State and local government ..................  953  40.0  865  901  787  –  946  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  16  12  8  10  27  24  ( 3)  ( 3)  –  –  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  23  Table A-8. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 and over  Clerks, Accounting Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  84 56 55  38.8 39.4 39.5  $361 367 366  $362 – –  $352 – –  – – –  $385 – –  – – –  2 4 4  – – –  2 4 4  13 7 7  5 7 7  32 23 24  35 39 40  10 14 15  1 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  938 642 90 50 552 30 296  39.4 39.7 39.8 39.6 39.6 39.3 38.9  429 424 441 450 421 486 440  422 418 425 – 417 – 427  387 381 403 – 381 – 388  – – – – – – –  470 461 472 – 461 – 483  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  1 2 – – 2 – ( 3)  1 2 – – 2 – –  3 4 1 2 4 – 3  11 12 9 16 12 3 8  19 17 14 12 17 – 24  31 34 42 26 32 33 26  18 19 16 12 19 7 17  13 11 12 22 11 57 19  1 1 3 6 ( 3) – 1  1 ( 3) 2 4 – – 1  ( 3) – – – – – 1  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,356 729 71 53 658 34 627  39.7 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.7 39.6  494 487 514 515 484 554 502  485 477 – – 475 – 493  445 442 – – 442 – 445  – – – – – – –  540 524 – – 522 – 552  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – – ( 3)  1 ( 3) – – ( 3) – 2  2 2 – – 2 – 2  3 3 – – 3 3 3  23 24 14 13 25 6 21  30 35 35 42 34 6 24  22 20 31 25 19 38 23  12 10 6 2 10 29 16  5 5 7 9 5 6 5  2 2 7 9 1 12 3  1 – – – – – 1  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  353 169 167 184  39.8 39.9 39.9 39.7  536 537 537 535  511 517 517 482  477 478 478 471  – – – –  615 613 615 616  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 4 4 1  1 1 1 2  11 14 14 8  30 15 16 43  18 26 25 10  11 13 13 9  9 7 7 11  13 20 20 7  2 – – 4  2 – – 4  ( 3) – – 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Clerks, General Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  107 62  40.0 40.0  284 280  280 278  254 254  – –  318 301  8 2  1 2  34 45  16 26  33 19  5 2  2 3  1 –  1 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  650 277 184 373  39.9 39.8 39.7 40.0  360 361 362 360  350 353 358 345  320 335 335 303  – – – –  388 385 387 395  1 1 2 –  ( 3) 1 1 –  1 ( 3) 1 1  11 4 4 16  13 8 9 17  23 29 24 19  17 25 23 12  13 15 17 12  11 10 13 13  7 7 8 8  2 – – 3  1 ( 3) – 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,831 514 427 1,317  39.9 39.7 39.7 40.0  411 446 452 397  391 437 452 376  355 390 381 355  – – – –  451 499 527 429  – – – –  ( 3) 1 1 –  ( 3) 2 2 ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 1  6 4 5 7  9 4 5 11  25 9 9 31  15 11 9 16  18 23 16 16  13 21 22 10  6 6 7 6  6 18 21 2  1 1 1 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  1,451 470  40.0 39.9  546 474  599 430  477 411  – –  613 531  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  2 5  1 2  2 5  2 5  15 37  10 10  12 15  9 6  44 7  4 7  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Key Entry Operators Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  224 197 193 27  39.7 39.7 39.7 39.7  369 368 367 374  360 360 360 –  326 326 326 –  – – – –  421 421 421 –  – – – –  – – – –  7 8 8 –  8 7 7 15  9 9 9 7  15 16 16 7  17 17 17 19  6 4 4 22  35 36 36 26  1 1 1 4  2 2 2 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  24  Table A-8. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 and over  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  300 201 187 99  39.8 40.0 40.0 39.4  $447 442 437 459  $440 440 436 448  $403 392 388 405  – – – –  $472 462 446 494  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  – – – –  ( 3) – – 1  5 5 5 4  6 7 7 3  13 12 13 13  41 46 49 30  17 12 10 25  9 8 6 11  4 2 1 9  2 2 2 2  3 4 4 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Personnel Assistants (Employment) Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  93 73 69  39.8 39.8 39.9  433 430 428  435 – –  390 – –  – – –  450 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 3 3  9 5 6  18 19 20  42 48 51  15 15 10  9 10 10  – – –  1 – –  2 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  115 67  39.7 39.7  522 508  510 498  471 461  – –  561 524  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 –  – –  11 16  28 36  33 28  10 6  12 6  5 7  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Secretaries Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  609 211 199 398  39.4 38.9 38.9 39.7  449 472 468 437  444 470 469 428  400 398 396 400  – – – –  496 517 510 451  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) 1 2 –  1 2 2 –  4 8 8 2  4 3 3 5  7 5 6 8  9 7 7 10  37 13 14 50  14 27 27 7  11 10 11 11  6 8 6 5  4 6 5 3  3 9 10 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,650 352 303 44 1,298  39.6 38.7 38.5 39.1 39.9  520 494 477 550 527  498 484 476 504 505  451 427 420 495 459  – – – – –  576 529 510 611 584  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) – – – ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 2 ( 3)  1 1 1 – 1  1 2 2 – 1  3 11 13 2 1  19 18 21 2 19  26 27 29 30 26  15 19 20 25 14  14 7 6 14 16  10 8 2 5 11  5 5 3 11 5  2 1 1 9 2  2 – – – 3  ( 3) – – – ( 3)  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,822 1,215 68 68 1,147 111 607  39.7 39.7 39.0 39.0 39.7 39.7 39.6  574 552 677 677 544 610 619  556 538 – – 530 583 621  481 476 – – 476 548 515  – – – – – – –  656 612 – – 596 671 696  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – – 1  1 ( 3) – – 1 – 1  10 13 – – 14 – 3  21 24 1 1 25 1 16  16 19 6 6 20 26 11  14 15 12 12 15 25 11  12 10 24 24 9 17 17  10 7 19 19 6 17 17  8 8 21 21 7 5 8  5 2 6 6 1 8 11  2 1 7 7 1 – 2  ( 3) ( 3) 4 4 – – 1  ( 3) – – – – – 1  ( 3) – – – – – ( 3)  ( 3) – – – – – ( 3)  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  782 608 561 91 174  39.5 39.5 39.6 39.6 39.7  677 670 662 712 700  665 659 655 662 707  604 604 603 655 593  – – – – –  734 718 706 855 827  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) – – – 2  1 ( 3) ( 3) – 1  1 1 1 1 2  11 10 11 1 13  12 12 13 9 9  18 21 23 11 8  20 22 23 36 11  15 16 16 8 11  9 8 5 4 14  5 3 2 3 13  7 5 5 26 14  1 1 ( 3) – 1  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  177 128 126 49  39.8 39.8 39.8 39.9  792 766 763 861  769 760 760 927  728 723 722 771  – – – –  864 806 801 953  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 2 2  4 4 4 4  10 12 12 6  18 21 21 8  27 34 33 8  13 15 15 8  8 8 8 8  8 3 3 20  10 – – 35  2 2 2 –  Switchboard Operator-Receptionists ....... Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................  374 357 335  39.5 39.5 39.5  376 374 374  362 358 358  280 280 280  – – –  452 448 452  – – –  16 17 18  3 3 3  8 8 9  1 1 1  17 17 18  6 5 4  7 7 5  16 17 16  15 15 16  3 4 4  6 6 6  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  25  – – –  Table A-8. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 and over  Word Processors Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  144 122 112 22  39.7 39.6 39.6 40.0  $487 490 489 473  $494 494 494 458  $434 434 434 428  – – – –  $538 541 541 518  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 2 5  6 6 6 5  11 11 13 9  15 11 12 32  22 24 23 14  24 26 23 14  10 8 9 18  8 9 10 5  1 2 2 –  1 1 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  356 235 220 121  39.6 39.5 39.4 39.9  581 621 624 503  560 611 623 512  512 558 558 509  – – – –  637 690 695 512  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 2  4 3 3 7  6 6 6 8  37 14 14 79  15 22 18 1  12 17 18 2  12 19 20 –  3 5 5 –  6 10 10 –  3 4 5 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  26  Table A-9. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 8.00 and under 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $13.64 – 13.64 – 13.64 – 13.99  4 – – 10  – – – –  6 4 4 10  6 6 6 6  9 7 5 13  7 4 4 12  10 13 10 7  19 25 26 8  17 23 25 8  14 15 17 11  5 1 1 12  1 ( 2) 2 ( ) 2  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Middle range  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 and 10.00 10.50 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 over  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  372 227 211 145  $12.20 12.56 12.65 11.64  $12.46 12.49 12.49 10.86  $10.45 11.20 11.26 9.68  Maintenance Electricians ........................... Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  565 304 240 261  18.27 19.46 19.48 16.89  17.83 19.67 19.81 16.80  16.00 16.87 17.83 15.00  – – – –  21.06 21.64 21.64 18.56  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) – – ( 2)  – – – –  ( 2) – – ( 2)  2 – – 3  1 ( 2) – 1  2 1 1 4  7 1 1 15  10 13 16 7  20 13 2 28  10 8 10 12  8 11 13 6  8 9 11 7  5 1 1 11  15 28 35 1  11 18 12 2  1 – – 1  ( 2) – – ( 2)  – – – –  – – – –  Maintenance Electronics Technicians Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  108 100 98 84  13.44 13.29 13.34 13.29  13.00 13.00 13.00 12.98  11.78 11.58 11.85 11.58  – – – –  14.42 14.42 14.42 14.42  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  4 4 4 5  6 6 4 5  24 24 24 29  15 15 15 13  19 21 21 20  16 17 17 13  3 3 3 4  3 – – –  1 – – –  10 10 10 12  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II: State and local government ..................  102  17.31  17.00  15.00  –  19.27  –  –  –  –  –  –  1  4  10  10  11  11  16  4  14  10  4  4  2  1  –  –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  251 221 221 101 30  21.24 21.64 21.64 21.27 18.30  21.10 21.45 21.45 21.09 –  19.43 19.98 19.98 19.23 –  – – – – –  22.95 23.20 23.20 22.95 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 – – – 10  2 – – – 13  4 2 2 4 17  3 3 3 2 3  11 11 11 18 10  12 10 10 7 23  13 15 15 9 –  18 19 19 19 13  13 14 14 18 7  12 14 14 8 3  4 5 5 11 –  2 2 2 5 –  6 6 6 – –  Maintenance Machinists ............................ State and local government ......................  80 28  21.11 19.49  23.15 –  20.10 –  – –  23.15 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 7  1 4  7 4  6 18  – –  2 4  11 32  11 32  – –  54 –  – –  – –  – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ............... State and local government ......................  1,000 301 284 192 699  18.53 20.12 20.24 21.34 17.84  19.47 19.60 19.60 20.92 18.47  16.46 18.46 18.46 19.60 15.93  – – – – –  20.55 20.95 20.95 23.31 20.15  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) – – – ( 2)  ( 2) – – – ( 2)  ( 2) – – – ( 2)  ( 2) – – – ( 2)  4 – – – 5  2 1 1 – 2  2 1 1 – 2  4 1 1 – 5  7 1 1 – 9  10 4 – – 13  8 3 3 – 10  10 21 23 – 5  18 21 22 29 16  23 22 24 35 24  3 2 2 3 4  1 1 1 2 2  7 22 21 32 1  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Maintenance Pipefitters: State and local government ......................  105  15.87  16.00  14.86  –  17.49  –  –  –  –  –  1  6  5  10  5  6  41  12  15  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  27  Table A-10. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Washington, DC-MD-VA, February 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 4.75  4.75 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 over  Guards Level I: State and local government ..................  197  $8.85  $8.68  $8.21  –  $9.39  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  6  17  18  14  27  9  8  1  1  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II: State and local government ..................  101  12.67  12.37  10.75  –  13.53  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  26  18  19  18  11  2  –  7  –  –  Janitors ........................................................ 14,400 Private industry ......................................... 10,679 Service-producing industries ................ 10,556 State and local government ...................... 3,721  7.40 6.34 6.30 10.45  6.25 5.50 5.50 10.07  5.25 5.00 5.00 8.99  – – – –  9.37 7.00 7.00 11.80  2 3 3 –  1 2 2 –  1 2 2 –  29 39 40 –  9 12 13 ( 2)  8 10 10 ( 2)  5 6 6 2  5 6 6 3  5 4 4 6  3 2 2 6  4 2 2 9  4 2 2 9  4 2 2 10  8 6 5 17  5 1 1 15  3 ( 2) ( 2) 9  2 ( 2) ( 2) 7  1 ( 2) ( 2) 4  1 – – 2  1 1 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Material Handling Laborers: State and local government ......................  14  9.07  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  14  29  36  14  7  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Shipping/Receiving Clerks ........................ Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ...............  265 241 218 37  14.03 14.29 14.51 13.54  12.59 16.78 17.35 –  10.44 10.25 10.20 –  – – – –  17.88 17.88 17.88 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 3 –  6 6 6 –  6 5 6 –  5 5 5 5  12 11 10 11  12 9 8 27  9 9 6 22  2 2 2 ( ) –  1 ( 2) – –  – – – –  1 1 2 ( ) 3  32 36 39 32  13 14 16 –  – – – –  Truckdrivers Medium Truck: State and local government ..................  31  13.08  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  3  10  6  35  10  26  10  –  –  –  –  Heavy Truck: State and local government ..................  47  16.11  16.96  13.29  –  19.15  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  9  9  26  –  2  6  23  –  3  Tractor Trailer ........................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  1,140 1,133 1,110  19.07 19.07 19.15  19.15 19.15 19.15  19.07 19.07 19.07  – – –  19.50 19.50 19.50  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  3 3 3  – – –  1 2 –  1 1 –  1 1 1  ( 2) – –  4  Warehouse Specialists: State and local government ......................  135  13.12  13.00  12.00  –  14.00  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  1  4  –  1  4  16  21  27  12  5  3  4  4  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 2 Less than 0.5 percent.  3 4  26  94 95 97  1  Workers were distributed as follows: 19 percent at $19.00 and under $20.00 and 6 percent at $20.00 and under $21.00. All workers were at $19.00 and under $20.00.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  28  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  Scope This survey of the Washington, DC—MD—VA Metropolitan Statistical Area covered establishments employing 50 workers or more in goods producing industries (mining, construction, and manufacturing); service producing industries (transportation, communications, electric, gas, and sanitary services; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services industries); and State and local governments.1 Private households, agriculture, the Federal Government, and the self-employed were excluded from the survey. Table 1 in this appendix shows the estimated number of establishments and workers within scope of the survey and the number actually included in the survey sample.  In other words, the larger the number of employees expected to be found in designated occupations, the larger the establishment sample in that stratum. An upward adjustment to the establishment sample size also was made in strata expected to have relatively high sampling error for certain occupations, based on previous survey experiences. (See section on "Reliability of estimates" below for discussion of sampling error.) Data collection and payroll reference Data for the survey were obtained primarily by personal visits of the Bureau's field economists to a sample of establishments within the Washington DC—MD— VA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Collection for the survey was from November 1995 through May 1996 and reflects an average payroll reference month of February 1996. Data obtained for a payroll period prior to the end of February were updated to include general wage changes, if granted, scheduled to be effective through that date.  Sampling frame The list of establishments from which the survey sample was selected (the sampling frame) was developed from the State unemployment insurance reports for the Washington, DC—MD—VA Metropolitan Statistical Area (February 1992). Establishments with 50 workers or more during the sampling frame's reference period were included in the survey sample even if they employed fewer than 50 workers at the time of the survey. The sampling frame was reviewed for completeness and accuracy prior to the survey and, when necessary, corrections were made: Missing establishments were added; out-of-business and out-of-scope establishments were removed; and addresses, employment levels, industry classification, and other information were updated.  Occupational pay Occupational pay data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Pay data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases—but not bonuses—under cost-ofliving allowance clauses and incentive payments, however, are included in the pay data. Unless otherwise indicated, the pay data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Pay data for some of the occupations for all industries combined (or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey) are not presented in the A-series tables because either (1) data did not provide statistically reliable results, or (2) there was the possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Pay data not shown separately for industry divisions are  Survey design The survey design includes classifying individual establishments into groups (strata) based on industry and employment size, determining the size of the sample for each group (stratum), and selecting an establishment sample from each stratum. The establishment sample size in a stratum was determined by expected number of employees to be found (based on previous occupational pay surveys) in professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations.  A-1  Some sampled establishments had a policy of not disclosing salary data for certain employees. No adjustments were made to pay estimates for the survey as a result of these missing data. In all but one of the occupational work levels published in this bulletin, the proportion of employees for whom pay data were not available was less than 5 percent. The one job affected was Personnel Specialist V where 10.9 percent of the salary data was not available.  included in data for all industries combined. Average pay reflect areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ in pay levels and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Therefore, average pay may not reflect the pay differential among jobs within individual establishments. A-series tables provide distributions of workers by pay intervals The mean is computed for each job by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—one-half of the workers receive the same as or more and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. Medians and middle ranges are not provided when they do not meet reliability criteria. Occupations surveyed are common to a variety of public and private industries, and were selected from the following employment groups: (1) Professional and administrative; (2) technical and protective service; (3) clerical; (4) maintenance and toolroom; and (5) material movement and custodial. Occupational classification was based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B, along with corresponding occupational codes and titles from the 1980 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification Manual. Job descriptions used to classify employees in this survey usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Average weekly hours for professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time pay. Average weekly pay for these occupations are rounded to the nearest dollar. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.  Reliability of estimates The data in this bulletin are estimates from a scientifically selected probability sample. There are two types of errors possible in an estimate based on a sample survey—sampling and nonsampling. Sampling errors occur because observations come only from a sample, not the entire population. The particular sample used in this survey is one of a number of all possible samples of the same size that could have been selected using the sample design. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from each other. A measure of the variation among these differing estimates is called the standard error or sampling error. It indicates the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the average result of all possible samples. The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error divided by the estimate. For example, if the estimated average weekly salary of Secretaries Level IV is $500 and the standard error is $8, the RSE is 1.6 percent, or $8/$500x100 = 1.6%. Estimates of relative standard errors for this survey vary among the occupational work levels depending on such factors as the frequency with which the job occurs, the dispersion of salaries for the job, and the survey design. The distribution of published work levels for one relative standard error was as follows:  Relative standard error Less than 1 percent 1 and under 3 percent 3 and under 5 percent 5 percent and over  Survey nonresponse Data were not available from 13.2 percent of the sample establishments (representing 156,520 employees covered by the survey). An additional 5.0 percent of the sample establishments (representing 40,237 employees) were either out of business or outside the scope of the survey. If data were not provided by a sample member, the weights (based on the probability of selection in the sample) of responding sample establishments were adjusted to account for the missing data. The weights for establishments which were out of business or outside the scope of the survey were changed to zero.  Percent of published occupational work levels 2.2 60.6 35.0 2.2  The standard error can be used to calculate a "confidence interval" around a sample estimate. For example, a 95 percent confidence interval is centered at the sample estimate and includes all values within 2 times the estimate's standard error. If all possible samples were selected to estimate the population value, the interval  A-2  matching company jobs to survey occupations. Once identified, the problems are discussed promptly with the field economists while the data are still being collected. Subsequently, the JMV results are tallied, reported to BLS staff, and become the basis for remedial action for future surveys. Approximately 4 percent of the 857 sampled job match decisions reviewed by the JMV reviewers and checked with the respondents were subsequently changed by the JMV reviewers. These results are from a similar survey conducted in 1994, see Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only, Washington, DC—MD—VA, BLS Bulletin 3075-7.  from each sample would include the true population value approximately 95 percent of the time. Using the RSE example above, there is 95 percent confidence that the true population value for Secretaries Level IV is between $484 and $516 (i.e., $500 plus or minus 2 x $8). Nonsampling errors can stem from many sources, such as inability to obtain information from some establishments; difficulties with survey definitions; inability of respondents to provide correct information; mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained; and other errors of collection, response, coverage, and estimation of missing data. Although not specifically measured, the survey's nonsampling errors are expected to be minimal due to the high response rate, the extensive and continuous training of field economists who gather survey data by personal visit, careful screening of data at several levels of review, annual evaluation of the suitability of job definitions, and thorough field testing of new or revised job definitions. To measure and better control nonsampling errors that occur during data collection, a quality control procedure was applied to the survey design. The procedure, job match validation (JMV), is designed to identify the frequency, reasons for, and sources of incorrect decisions made by Bureau field economists in  1 For this survey, an establishment is an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. In manufacturing industries, the establishment is usually at a single physical location. In service-producing industries, all locations of an individual company in a Metropolitan Statistical Area are usually considered an establishment. In government, an establishment is defined as all locations of a government entity.  A-3  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, Washington, DC-MD-VA1, February 1996 Number of establishments Industry  division2  Within scope of survey3  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey4  Studied  Studied Number  Percent  ALL ESTABLISHMENTS All divisions ...................................................................................  3,839  303  1,217,474  100  384,882  Private industry ....................................................................... Goods producing .............................................................. Manufacturing ............................................................. Construction5 .............................................................. Service producing ............................................................. Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services6 ................................................. Wholesale trade7 ........................................................ Retail trade7 ................................................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate7 .......................... Services7 ....................................................................  3,774 491 252 236 3,283  269 48 34 13 221  1,009,598 81,873 48,412 33,266 927,725  83 7 4 3 76  195,853 19,819 16,630 3,124 176,034  191 188 613 289 2,002  28 13 19 19 142  63,967 26,771 289,062 103,456 444,469  5 2 24 8 37  32,458 5,409 35,171 7,302 95,694  State and local government ....................................................  65  34  207,876  17  189,029  All divisions ...................................................................................  406  103  770,459  100  349,614  Private industry ....................................................................... Goods producing .............................................................. Manufacturing ............................................................. Service producing ............................................................. Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services6 ................................................. Wholesale trade7 ........................................................ Retail trade7 ................................................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate7 .......................... Services7 ....................................................................  370 20 13 350  80 11 9 69  569,623 21,907 17,889 547,716  74 3 2 71  163,308 13,131 11,964 150,177  17 5 124 43 161  10 3 7 3 46  41,087 6,746 224,824 69,298 205,761  5 1 29 9 27  29,115 4,305 33,110 4,564 79,083  State and local government ....................................................  36  23  200,836  26  186,306  ESTABLISHMENTS EMPLOYING 500 WORKERS OR MORE  1 The Washington, DC-MD-VA Metropolitan Statistical Area as, defined by the Office of Management and Budget through October 1984, consists of the District of Columbia; the counties of Calvert, Charles, Frederick, Montgomery, and Prince George’s, MD; and Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun, Prince William, and Stafford, VA; and the cities of Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Manassas, and Manassas Park, VA. The "workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) establishments employing fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry. 3 Includes all establishments with at least 50 total employees. In goods producing, an establishment is defined as a single physical location where industrial operations are performed. In service producing industries, an  establishment is defined as all locations of a company in the area within the same industry division. In government, an establishment is generally defined as all locations of a government entity. 4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within an area) at or above the minimum limitations. 5 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "goods producing" estimates. 6 Abbreviated to "Transportation and utilities" in the A-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 7 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. Note: Overall industries may include data for industry divisions not shown separately.  A-4
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