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U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

Spotlight on the Housing Market
in the San Francisco-OaklandFremont, CA MSA

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Help American Homeowners
The Obama Administration’s Efforts to Stabilize the Housing Market andPolicy Development and Research | January 2014
The San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area (San Francisco MSA) is located on the northern coast of California and
encompasses 5 counties that make up three Metropolitan Divisions (MD): San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley,
and San Rafael (Marin County). The foreclosure crisis has had an asymmetrical impact on the San Francisco MSA, with the Oakland MD faring less well
than the other metro divisions. During the housing bubble, home price appreciation in the Oakland MD peaked six months earlier and rose at a pace that
was 34 percent higher than the national average, whereas home price appreciation in the San Francisco MD peaked fourteen months later and fell short
of the national pace by 11 percent. As might be expected, the decline in home prices during the second half of the bubble was greater for Oakland (45
percent) than for San Francisco (22 percent) and the nation (30 percent). Falling property values and the resulting underwater mortgages were fueled
mainly by excess housing construction and unsustainable mortgage lending in the years leading up to the housing crisis and rising unemployment during
the subsequent recession. In contrast to some areas in the country, investor speculation had little impact on excess housing construction during the bubble.
From 2000 through 2006, the share of distressed mortgages in the San Francisco MSA--those 90 or more days delinquent or in the foreclosure process—
were considerably lower than comparable shares in the rest of the nation. Nonetheless, when the rapid rise of distressed mortgages in the nation began
in 2007 with declining house prices, the share of distressed mortgages in the San Francisco metropolitan area also rose and paralleled the national rise in
mortgage distress through early-2010. The share of distressed mortgages in the San Francisco area has since declined more rapidly than for the nation-the result of a relatively strong economic recovery, substantial house price increases, and state legislation in early 2013 that sharply curtailed foreclosure
activity. The Administration’s broad approach to stabilizing the housing market has been a real help to homeowners in the San Francisco metropolitan
area. This addendum to the Obama Administration’s Housing Scorecard provides a summary of trends and conditions in the local economy and the
impact of the Administration’s efforts to stabilize the housing market and help local homeowners.

Population Growth, Employment,
and Housing Market:

With 4.3 million people according to the most recent
Census, the San Francisco MSA is the 11th largest in the
nation. From 2000 to 2010, the population increased by
an average of over 21,150 people, or 0.5 percent a year.
Natural population growth (births minus deaths) accounted
for the net population increase. During the last decade, an
average of nearly 5,575 people per year moved out of the
San Francisco MSA. Those leaving the area reached an
average of 32,050 per year from mid-2001 through mid2006 when economic growth was sluggish after the dot-com
bust from 2000 to 2002.
San Francisco MSA Housing Unit Growth Outpaced Population
and Household Growth During the Past Decade
Date of Census

4/1/2000

4/1/2010

San Francisco MSA Population

4,123,740

4,335,391

Annual Growth Rate

-

0.5%

San Francisco MSA Households

1,551,948

1,627,360

Annual Growth Rate

-

Annual Growth Rate

0.5%

1,606,853

1,741,999

-

San Francisco MSA Housing Units

0.8%

During the decade spanned by the Census, new housing production
exceeded household growth in the San Francisco MSA. Net annual
housing unit growth of 0.8 percent was greater than the corresponding population
and household growth rates of 0.5 percent each. This excess construction
contributed to an oversupply of housing. According to the Census Bureau, the
number of vacant units in the MSA increased by an average of 5,975 units, or
10.9 percent, annually, during the 2000s compared with a 4.4-percent national
increase. The growth in excess supply was greater in the Oakland than in the
San Francisco MD. During the 2000s, the number of vacant units increased by
an average of 3,500 units, or 12.9 percent in the Oakland MD, compared with
an average increase of 2,100 units, or 9.0 percent in the San Francisco MD. The
remaining increase occurred in the San Rafael MD. The excess supply of housing
in the San Francisco MSA is likely to have contributed to the sharp decline in
home prices after the housing bubble burst. Investor speculation had little impact
on the overbuilding in the years leading up to the housing crisis, as a fairly small
share of home purchases in the MSA were by non-occupant investors. Specifically,
from 2000 to 2005 investor home sales rose from 8.2 to 10.3 percent of total
sales in the San Francisco MD and from 7.7 to 9.8 percent of total sales in the
Oakland MD, while the corresponding increase for the nation was from 7.7 to
16.0 percent of sales. Subprime lending, on the other hand, is likely to have
contributed to the overbuilding in the San Francisco MSA. A study by the National
Bureau of Economic Research shows that in 2005, San Francisco ranked 42nd

Source: Census Bureau (2000 and 2010 Decennial)

Spotlight on the Housing Market in the San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA MSA | Page 1

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Help American Homeowners
The Obama Administration’s Efforts to Stabilize the Housing Market andPolicy Development and Research | January 2014
out of the top 107 metropolitan areas with the highest share
of subprime mortgage originations relative to housing units.
According to data from First American Loan Performance
in a Wall Street Journal article, subprime lending was more
significant in Oakland, where approximately 10.6 percent
of all mortgages were subprime as of December 2006,
compared with 5.0 percent in San Francisco. The median
household income in Oakland was 31-percent lower than in
San Francisco according to the 2006 American Community
Survey, which suggests that predatory lending aimed at lowincome borrowers may have contributed to this difference.
A conservative estimate based on HMDA (Home Mortgage
Disclosure Act) data indicates that subprime originations
tripled nationally between 1998 and 2005. According to a
study by the Center for Responsible Lending, approximately
90 percent of subprime mortgages experience increases in
monthly payments of 30 to 50 percent within a few years,
causing subprime loans to typically default at more than 7
times the rate of other mortgages.
A relatively strong economic recovery is
underway in the San Francisco MSA. The local
economy grew modestly before a steep decline that began
in 2008. From the fourth quarter of 2004 through the first
quarter of 2008, nonfarm payroll jobs increased at an
average annual rate of 23,600, or 1.2 percent, compared
with a national increase of 1.4 percent during the same
period. The impact of the Great Recession was more severe
for the San Francisco MSA than for the nation. Jobs in the
MSA declined at an average annual rate of 82,650 or 4.0
percent, from the second quarter of 2008 through the first
quarter of 2010, compared with a national annual decline
of 3.1 percent during the same period. The recovery from
the recession has been stronger for the San Francisco MSA,
with jobs increasing at an average annual rate of 38,900,
or 2.1 percent, from the second quarter of 2010 through the
third quarter of 2013, compared with a national increase of
1.5 percent.
The San Francisco MSA is known for innovation in the hightech sector. However, during the recent recession, almost all
private sectors in the MSA lost jobs, including the professional
and business services sector, which lost an average of 14,900
jobs, or 4.0 percent, a year. Job losses were most severe
during this period in the construction and manufacturing
sectors, which declined at average annual rates of 14.6 and
6.8 percent, respectively. Declines were also substantial in
financial activities (5.8 percent) and retail trade (5.1 percent).
The recovery in San Francisco’s economy has been led by
the construction (6.3 percent), leisure and hospitality (5.8
percent), and professional and business services (5.3 percent)

sectors. Growth in these sectors more than offset respective average annual job
losses of 1.2 and 0.6 percent in the government and manufacturing sectors.
The unemployment rate for the San Francisco MSA peaked at 10.4 percent in
December 2009 and has since fallen to 6.1 percent as of December 2013. The
national unemployment rate peaked in October 2009 at 10.0 percent, falling to
6.7 percent by December 2013.

Spotlight on the Housing Market in the San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA MSA | Page 2

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Help American Homeowners
The Obama Administration’s Efforts to Stabilize the Housing Market andPolicy Development and Research | January 2014
Home sales in the San Francisco MSA are
improving. After reaching a peak of 78,600 units sold
in 2004, existing home sales in San Francisco dropped
by an average annual rate of almost 17 percent between
2005 and 2007. Existing home sales began to rise in 2008,
increasing at an average annual rate of nearly 6 percent
from 2008 to 2013. By comparison, existing home sales
in the nation peaked in 2005 and dropped by an average
annual rate of 14 percent between 2006 and 2008;
existing home sales began to rise in 2009, increasing at
an average annual rate of almost 5 percent from 2009 to
2013. New home sales in San Francisco peaked in 2004
at 9,725 units, before falling from 2005 through 2011 by
an average annual rate of nearly 11 percent. New home
sales have since stabilized at approximately 3,550 units,
increasing over the last two years at an annual rate of 19
percent. Nationally, new home sales peaked in 2005 before
declining by an average annual rate of almost 13 percent
from 2006 to 2011; sales have increased since at an
average annual rate of 20 percent.
Home prices in Oakland rose and then fell more
steeply than for San Francisco and the nation
during the housing bubble. The CoreLogic repeatsales house price index (HPI) shows that home prices in
the Oakland MD peaked six months prior to and rose 34
percentage points higher than for the nation. In the San
Francisco MD, home prices peaked fourteen months later
and rose 11 percentage points less than for the nation.
The decline in home prices was also more pronounced in
the Oakland MD, with prices falling 45 percent from their
peak in October 2005 to their low in March 2009, while
in the San Francisco MD, home prices declined 22 percent
from their peak in June 2007 to their low in April 2009. By
comparison, the national peak-to-low drop was 30 percent.
Unlike some areas in the nation, investor speculation had
little impact on the rise in home prices in the San Francisco
MSA during the bubble. Sales to investors averaged 8 and
9 percent, respectively, during the rapid rise in Oakland and
San Francisco home prices--much lower than the 12 percent
share nationally. As described earlier, subprime lending is
likely to have fueled home prices to a greater extent in the
Oakland than in the San Francisco MD. A relatively high
level of distressed sales (involving bank-owned properties or
short sales) played a role in the price decline in Oakland, as
distressed sales--at 24 percent of existing home sales during
Oakland’s downturn--was significantly greater than the 14
percent rate during the national peak-to-low period. The
comparable share of distressed sales for the San Francisco
MD was 16 percent. Since the end of the bubble, home

prices have increased by 44 and 36 percent, respectively, in the Oakland and
San Francisco MDs, which are much larger gains than the 18-percent rise for
the nation. House prices in San Francisco are now actually higher than the peak
reached during the house price bubble. Data from the 2011 American Housing
Survey, which included a survey of both the San Francisco and Oakland MDs
among the metro areas surveyed on a rotating basis, indicate the cost of owning
a home in both areas remains higher than that for the nation: median monthly
housing costs (including utilities and real estate taxes) for owner-occupied units
in the Oakland MD during 2011 were $1,983 and in the San Francisco MD
were $2,232, compared to $1,008 at the national level.
Although construction activity in the San Francisco MSA continues
to accelerate, the rental market remains tight. According to
AXIOMetrics, Inc., the San Francisco MSA apartment vacancy rate was 3.8
percent in the fourth quarter of 2013, down from 4.1 percent a year earlier,
representing tight market conditions. The slight decrease in the vacancy rate
occurred because, despite increased construction, demand for rental housing
was extremely high during the past year. The national apartment vacancy rate
declined from 5.7 to 5.1 percent over the same period. During the third quarter
of 2013, the average apartment rent in the San Francisco MSA increased
by 6.5 percent from a year earlier to $2,162; the average rent nationwide
increased by 3.7 percent to $1,127 during the same period.

Spotlight on the Housing Market in the San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA MSA | Page 3

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Help American Homeowners
The Obama Administration’s Efforts to Stabilize the Housing Market andPolicy Development and Research | January 2014

Trends in Mortgage Delinquencies
and Foreclosures:
The rate of mortgages at risk of foreclosure has declined
substantially in the San Francisco MSA since the beginning of
2010. According to LPS Applied Analytics, the San Francisco
MSA placed 361st out of 381 metropolitan areas ranked by
share of mortgages at risk of foreclosure (90 or more days
delinquent or in the foreclosure process). As of December
2013, LPS data show that mortgages at risk of foreclosure in
San Francisco decreased by 51 percent during the last year–
from 17,950 to 8,775–compared with a national decline of
32 percent over the same period. A partial explanation for
the sharper decline in the share of distressed mortgages in

According to Realty Trac data, the rate of foreclosure completions in the San

San Francisco relative to the nation is a shorter foreclosure

Francisco MSA since April 2009 is higher than the national rate, but as of

processing timeline. As of the fourth quarter of 2013, the

fourth quarter of 2013 is lower than the national rate. From April 2009

average time to complete a foreclosure in California was

through December 2013, the number of foreclosure completions as a percent

430 days, somewhat less than the national average of 564

of all housing units in the San Francisco MSA is 3.0 percent compared with

days. CoreLogic data indicate that the rate of mortgages
at risk of foreclosure in the San Francisco MSA have been
consistently below the national rate. However, in 2007
and 2008 when the foreclosure crisis began for most of the
nation and single-family foreclosures were largely driven by
unaffordable loan products, the increase in mortgages at
risk of foreclosure in San Francisco paralleled the national
trend. From the beginning of 2007 to the end of 2008, the

a national rate of 2.8 percent. For the fourth quarter of 2013, the rate of
foreclosure completions in San Francisco was 0.03 percent, much lower than
the 0.08-percent national rate. Foreclosure completions have been trending
downward nationally as well as in San Francisco. During the fourth quarter of
2013, completed foreclosures in San Francisco were down 70 percent from
a year earlier, while completed foreclosures in the nation declined 40 percent
during the same period.

share of mortgages in distress in San Francisco rose from

The efforts of numerous state and local entities and financial institutions in

0.6 to 3.3 percent, compared to a national increase from

partnership with the federal government have helped contain the rate of

1.6 percent to 4.4 percent. Beginning in 2009, foreclosures

foreclosures. A lengthy judicial process in some states has also contributed

were increasingly driven by loss of income, unemployment,

to a national decline in foreclosure activity. Recent state legislation has had

and strategic defaults as the economy worsened, according

a significant impact on foreclosure activity in California. The California

to research by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. A sharp

Homeowners Bill of Rights has resulted in a marked decline in foreclosure activity

spike upward in the rate of distressed mortgages occurred
in 2009 for both San Francisco and the nation. By early
2010, mortgages at risk of foreclosure peaked at 8.0 percent
nationally, and have since fallen to 4.7 percent. The share of
distressed mortgages in the San Francisco MSA rose to 7.2
percent in early 2010 and has since fallen more quickly to
2.0 percent as of October 2013.

since it was enacted in January 2013. The bill extended many of the principles
in the National Mortgage Servicing Settlement, including the prohibition of
dual tracking--the initiation of the foreclosure process by a mortgage servicer
when a homeowner is attempting to secure a loan modification--and requiring a
single point of contact for borrowers facing a foreclosure. In addition, the law
imposes fines of up to $7,500 per loan for filing of multiple unverified foreclosure
documents. Improving economic conditions and increasing house values have
also contributed to a decrease in the number of homeowners at risk. CoreLogic

Foreclosure Completion Rates in the San Francisco MSA
Fourth Quarter 2013
Area
San Francisco
Nation
Note:

Foreclosure
Completions

Foreclosure
Rate

Since April 1, 2009
Foreclosure
Completions

Foreclosure
Rate

510

0.03%

51,640

3.0%

99,900

0.08%

3,694,900

2.8%

Foreclosure Rates as Percent of All Housing Units;
Data through December 2013 for foreclosures since April 2009	
Source: Realty Trac and Census Bureau

reports that 2.5 percent of mortgages in the San Francisco MD were underwater
as of the third quarter of 2013, down from 9.0 percent a year earlier. Negative
equity has also declined in the Oakland MD, but remains problematic. As of third
quarter 2013, 13.9 percent of mortgages in the Oakland MD were underwater,
down from 29.7 percent during the third quarter 2012, but higher than the
national average of 13.0 percent.

Spotlight on the Housing Market in the San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA MSA | Page 4

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Help American Homeowners
The Obama Administration’s Efforts to Stabilize the Housing Market andPolicy Development and Research | January 2014

The Administration’s Efforts to
Stabilize the San Francisco MSA
Housing Market:
The Administration’s mortgage and neighborhood assistance
programs--the Home Affordable Modification Program
(HAMP), the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) mortgage
assistance programs, the Neighborhood Stabilization
Program (NSP), and the Hardest Hit Fund (HHF) program–
combined with assistance from the HOPE Now Alliance of
mortgage servicers and the National Mortgage Servicing
Settlement have helped stabilize the San Francisco MSA
housing market.
From the launch of the Administration’s assistance programs
in April 2009 through the end of December 2013, nearly
73,500 homeowners received mortgage assistance in the San
Francisco metropolitan area. Nearly 32,100 interventions
were completed through the HAMP and FHA loss mitigation
and early delinquency intervention programs. An estimated
additional 41,400 proprietary mortgage modifications have
been made through HOPE Now Alliance servicers. While
some homeowners may have received help from more than
one program, the number of times assistance has been
provided in the San Francisco MSA is nearly 1.5 times
the number of foreclosures completed during this period
(51,600). Under the landmark National Mortgage Servicing
Settlement, more than 186,000 California homeowners have
benefitted from over $20 billion in refinancing, short sales
and completed or trial loan modifications, including principal
reduction on first and second lien mortgages provided as
of June 30, 2013. Nationwide, the settlement has provided
more than $51 billion in consumer relief benefits to more than
643,000 families. That is in addition to the $2.5 billion in
payments to participating states and $1.5 billion in direct
payments to borrowers who were foreclosed upon between
2008 and 2011.
San Francisco MSA NSP Activity (Housing Units)

Originally
Projected

Completed

245

NSP1
Construction of new housing

243

179

179

NSP2

Construction of new housing

66

64

224

Rehabilitation/reconstruction of residential structures

281

171

239

Rehabilitation/reconstruction of residential structures
NSP3
Rehabilitation/reconstruction of residential structures

3

3

50

39

10

Homeownership assistance to low-and moderate income

0

10

0

Given over three rounds, the Neighborhood Stabilization Program
has invested $7 billion nationwide to help localities work with non-profits and
community development corporations to turn tens of thousands of abandoned and
foreclosed homes that lower property values into homeownership opportunities
and the affordable rental housing that communities need.
NSP1 funds were granted to all states and selected local governments on a
formula basis under Division B, Title III of the Housing and Economic Recovery
Act (HERA) of 2008; NSP2 funds authorized under the American Recovery and
Reinvestment Act (the Recovery Act) of 2009 provided grants to states, local
governments, nonprofits and a consortium of nonprofit entities on a competitive
basis; and NSP3 funds authorized under the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and
Consumer Protection Act of 2010 provided neighborhood stabilization grants to
all states and select governments on a formula basis.
In addition to stabilizing neighborhoods and providing affordable housing, NSP
funds have helped save jobs. Each home purchased, rehabilitated and sold
through the NSP program is the result of the efforts of 35 to 50 local employees.
Overall, a total of $999 million has been awarded to the State of California
through NSP1, NSP2, and NSP3. Of this, $36 million has been expended in
the San Francisco MSA. Over 500 households in the San Francisco MSA have
already benefited from NSP, and activities funded by the program are expected to
provide assistance to an additional 100 owner-occupied and renter households.
Prior to NSP, the majority of affordable housing programs in California relied on
Redevelopment Agency funding for the leverage and matching funds to complete
projects, but in 2011, the State voted to abolish these agencies. With the lack of
redevelopment funds, the ability to provide quality affordable housing has been
a challenge. NSP funds were used to create many affordable housing projects
throughout California after the redevelopment funds were eliminated. Examples
of how these funds have been put to use are provided below; all of the examples
took place in the Oakland Metro Division.
•	Alameda County received $2.1 million under NSP 1. Working in
partnership with many of its hardest hit cities, the County created an NSP2
Consortium which successfully received an $11 million NSP2 award.

Spotlight on the Housing Market in the San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA MSA | Page 5

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Help American Homeowners
The Obama Administration’s Efforts to Stabilize the Housing Market andPolicy Development and Research | January 2014
Along with three nonprofit development partners, the
County implemented both a For-Sale LMMI program (a
Low, Moderate, and Middle Income program which
serves households with 50%, 80% and 120% or less,
respectively, of Area Median Income) and a Rental
LH25 program (25% of NSP funds are set aside for
low-income housing). The programs targeted foreclosed,
abandoned, and blighted properties in areas with the
greatest concentration of these properties. Under the
single-family program, properties were brought up to code
and significant energy improvements were made to create
sustainable properties. To date, the program has acquired
and rehabilitated 39 single-family homes and sold them
to qualifying homeowners. Under the rental program, the
County has four projects comprising 235 rental units, of
which 192 are for very-low-income households. Two of
the properties required substantial rehabilitation, and two
were new construction projects on abandoned lots.
Under its rental program, the Consortium used NSP
funds to acquire and rehabilitate a 17-unit abandoned
multifamily property in Hayward, California. The property
had previously served extremely-low-income victims of
domestic violence, but the former owner was unable to
continue operations and closed the property. Sitting
vacant for nearly four years, NSP funds were used to
transfer ownership to another nonprofit that was able to
rehabilitate the property and put very-low- and low-income
units back on the market. The property utilized green
building standards, including energy efficient appliances,
water heaters, windows and heating units. Another
example of the Consortium’s rental program is the creation
of shared housing for extremely-low-income households
who qualify for the state Mental Health Services Act
program. These foreclosed single-family homes had been
left vacant and become blighted. The new rental units
house between 3-4 single individuals who were unable to
afford housing without the program.
•	 The City of Oakland received $8,250,668 in NSP1
funds and an additional $2,070,087 in NSP3 funds. The
City invested a small portion of its funds into a Community
Land Trust and was able to purchase and substantially
rehabilitate 16 homes. The main focus of its program was
the provision of multifamily rental units. One of its projects,
the California Hotel, is a 62,400 square foot historic
landmark that was constructed in 1925 and had been
operating as affordable housing since 1987. The property
was acquired by a subsidiary of the nonprofit, East Bay
Asian Local Development Corporation (EBALDC), after
the previous owner went bankrupt. EBALDC rehabilitated
the structure, creating 137 apartments (119 studios, 12
one-bedroom and 6 two-bedrooms). Twenty-five percent
of the units target homeless households who have special
needs and require services that are provided on site. The
rehabilitation included new windows, plumbing, heating,
ventilation, a roof, and a solar water heater. Kitchens

were added to all units and a second elevator was added to the building.
The project was funded by the City of Oakland from NSP, HOME, State
Local Housing Trust Fund, and Redevelopment Agency funds. The project
also received historic and low-income housing tax credit equity, State MHSA
funds, and a construction loan from a private bank. The rehabilitation began
in March 2012 and was completed in December 2013.
Another NSP investment, Project Pride, is owned and managed by the East
Bay Community Recovery Project (EBCRP) which has been in existence since
1994. Project Pride provides stable, safe, and affordable housing with
extensive supportive services to address the needs of its residents. EBCRP
and its nonprofit development consultant, Affordable Housing Associates,
rehabilitated a vacant, blighted, and foreclosed single-room occupancy hotel
in a western section of Oakland to provide a sustainable permanent home for
the Project Pride program. In the process, the rehabilitation greatly enhanced
a blighted area in the neighborhood. The project includes 20 rental units and
provides housing for women and their children. Extensive supportive services
are provided on site, including substance abuse treatment and mental health
services. Project Pride residents also have access to EBCRP’s Outpatient
Treatment program, located immediately next door. Project Pride features a
fully-equipped commercial kitchen, a dining room, flexible-use community
rooms, laundry facilities, cooperative childcare space, recreational open
space, computers, and offices for supportive services.
•	 The City of Richmond received $ 3,346,105 in NSP1 funds and an
additional $1,153,172 in NSP3 funds. Richmond focused its funds on
acquiring and rehabilitating single-family homes. Under NSP1, 17 homes
were purchased and an additional four properties are in the pipeline under
NSP3.
•	 The Cities of Hayward and Livermore received a total of $3,784,984
in NSP1 funds through the State of California. The City of Livermore utilized
a portion of its funds in the Cities of San Leandro and Berkeley and
focused on providing homebuyer assistance through down payment, closing
cost, and rehabilitation assistance loans.

The Administration allocated $1.975 billion from its Hardest Hit Fund
to the state of California. California Housing Finance Agency Mortgage
Assistance Corporation (CalHFA MAC) administers Keep Your Home
California (KYHC), which was launched in January 2011. Since the
beginning, CalHFA MAC has been the largest volume driver for homeowners
assisted relative to its peers. As of September 30, 2013, the most recent
quarter for which data are available, KYHC had assisted 29,909 California
homeowners with $468.6 million, or about 24% of their total program
allocation. KYHC is actively helping homeowners at high risk of default or
foreclosure through several programs: Unemployment Mortgage Assistance
Program, Mortgage Reinstatement Assistance Program, Principal Reduction
Program, Transition Assistance Program, and targeted, local Innovation Fund
programs such as the Community Housing Works C2MPRP program. For
additional information, please see http://keepyourhomecalifornia.org.

Spotlight on the Housing Market in the San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA MSA | Page 6


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