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The Obama Administration’s Eﬀorts To Stabilize The Housing Market and Help American Homeowners August 2014 U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Policy Development and Research U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development The Administration’s goal remains to stabilize the housing market and provide security for homeowners. To meet these objectives in a challenging market, the Administration developed a broad approach implementing state and local housing agency initiatives, tax credits for homebuyers, neighborhood stabilization and community development programs, mortgage modiﬁcations and reﬁnancing, housing counseling, continued Federal Housing Administration (FHA) engagement, support for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and increased consumer protections. In addition, Federal Reserve and Treasury Mortgage-Backed Securities purchase programs have helped to keep mortgage interest rates at record lows for more than a year. More detail on the Administration’s efforts can be found in the Appendix. • Sales of previously owned (existing) homes rose in July for the fourth consecutive month to the highest level this year, although sales are still below the pace a year ago. The National Association of Realtors® (NAR) reported that existing homes—including single-family homes, townhomes, condominiums, and cooperatives—sold at a pace of 5.15 million (SAAR) in July, up 2.4 percent from June but remain 4.3 percent below the 5.38 million pace last July, which was the peak level in 2013. • Foreclosure starts and completions continue their annual downward trend. Lenders started the public foreclosure process on 49,624 U.S. properties in July, up 5 percent from the previous month but down 18 percent from one year ago (although foreclosure starts were up from a year ago in 14 states). Lenders completed the foreclosure process (bank repossessions or REOs) on 25,937 U.S. properties in July, down 4 percent from the previous month and down 30 percent from one year ago to the lowest level since April 2007. Bank repossessions were up from a year ago in 7 states. (Source: Realty Trac) • House prices increase in June while year-over-year gains continue to slow. The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) seasonally adjusted purchase-only house price index showed home values appreciated by 0.4 percent over the prior month and 5.1-percent over the previous year, marking the six straight month of more modest annual growth in home prices. The FHFA index shows that U.S. home values are on par with prices in the fall of 2005. The S&P/Case-Shiller 20-City Home Price Index (not seasonally adjusted) posted month-over-month returns for June of 1.0 percent and gains of 8.1 percent over the past 12 months. The CaseShiller index shows annual rates of gain in home prices slowing over the last seven months; home values are at October-2004 levels. (The Case-Shiller and FHFA price indices are released with a 2-month lag.) • Homeowners’ equity continues to show strong gains. According to the Federal Reserve, homeowners’ equity was up nearly $795 billion in the ﬁrst quarter of 2014, reaching more than $10.8 trillion, the highest level since the second quarter of 2007. Homeowners’ equity has risen sharply since the beginning of 2012, with equity up 73 percent, or nearly $4.6 trillion through the ﬁrst quarter of 2014. The change in equity since April 1, 2009 now stands at more than $4.7 trillion. • The main weakness in the housing recovery continues to be purchases of new homes, which fell again in June although they were higher than a year ago. New home sales declined 2.4 percent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) of 412,000 in June, but were up 12.3 percent from one year ago. The pace of new home sales was the slowest in four months. Construction starts for single family homes have not fully rebounded yet from last winter’s lows as tight credit may be driving some supply shortages. (Source: HUD and Census Bureau). • The Administration’s foreclosure mitigation programs continue to provide relief for millions of homeowners as the recovery from the housing crisis continues. In all, more than 8.7 million mortgage modiﬁcation and other forms of mortgage assistance arrangements were completed between April 2009 and the end of July 2014. Nearly 2.1 million homeowner assistance actions have taken place through the Making Home Affordable Program, including nearly 1.4 million permanent modiﬁcations through the Home Affordable Modiﬁcation Program (HAMP), while the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) has offered more than 2.4 million loss mitigation and early delinquency interventions through June. The Administration’s programs continue to encourage improved standards and processes in the industry, with HOPE Now lenders offering families and individuals more than 4.1 million proprietary modiﬁcations through June (data are reported with a 2-month lag). You can read Treasury’s MHA report here. Encouraging news notwithstanding, there is a need to continue with recovery efforts as new home sales have slowed, too many homeowners remain underwater, and mortgage delinquencies rates remain elevated. There is also considerable geographic variation in market conditions not captured in the national statistics, which suggests some markets are improving at different rates than others. Given the current state of the market and recognizing that recovery will take place over time, the Administration remains committed to its efforts to prevent avoidable foreclosures and stabilize the housing market. August 2014 National Scorecard | Page 1 U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development The Obama Administration’s Eﬀorts To Stabilize The Housing Market and Help American Homeowners | August 2014 August 2014 National Scorecard | Page 2 U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development The Obama Administration’s Eﬀorts To Stabilize The Housing Market and Help American Homeowners | August 2014 August 2014 National Scorecard | Page 3 U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development The Obama Administration’s Eﬀorts To Stabilize The Housing Market and Help American Homeowners | August 2014 August 2014 National Scorecard | Page 4 U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Policy Development and Research The Obama Administration’s Eﬀorts To Stabilize The Housing Market and Help American Homeowners | August 2014 Indicator HOUSING ASSISTANCE AND STABILIZATION PERFORMANCE METRICS This Period Last Period Cumulative From April 1, 2009 Latest Release Distressed Homeowners Assisted (thousands) HAMP Trial Modiﬁcations HAMP Permanent Modiﬁcations FHA Loss Mitigation Interventions HOPE Now Modiﬁcations HARP Reﬁnances Counseled Borrowers (thousands) 9.6 (s) 10.2 (s) 42.2 27.7 17.8 9.8 10.8 41.8 24.6 16.6 2,224 1,397 2,422 4,166 3,189 (r) July-14 July-14 July-14 June-14 June-14 284.3 326.0 10,554 1st Q 14 Borrower Annual Savings ($ millions) HAMP Active Trial Modiﬁcations HAMP Active Permanent Modiﬁcations All Reﬁnances ---- ---- 180 6,211 59,728 2nd Q 14 2nd Q 14 2nd Q 14 Activities Completed Under NSP (housing units) New Construction or Residential Rehab Demolition or Clearance Direct Homeownership Assistance ---- ---- 36,606 [62,821] 22,784 [24,280] 11,100 [17,078] 795.0 411.1 Change in Aggregate Home Equity ($ billions) (b,s) (b,s) (b,s) 4,718.0 (r) 2nd Q 14 2nd Q 14 2nd Q 14 1st Q 14 HOUSING MARKET FACT SHEET Indicator Mortgage Rates (30-Yr FRM, percent) This Period Last Period Year Ago As of Dec 2008 Latest Release 4.10 4.10 4.57 5.10 Housing Affordability (index) 153.4 160.0 (r) 168.5 162.9 Home Prices (indices) Case Shiller (NSA) FHFA (SA) CoreLogic - Excluding Distressed Sales (NSA) 172.3 212.7 175.6 170.7 211.9 174.1 (r) 159.5 202.4 164.2 150.5 196.3 160.0 Home Sales (thousands, SA) New Existing First Time Buyers Distressed Sales (percent, NSA) 34.3 429.2 176.1 14 35.2 419.2 172.6 15 (r) (r) (r) 30.6 448.3 182.0 18 31.4 334.2 149.9 32 July-14 July-14 July-14 May-14 Housing Supply Existing Homes for Sale (thousands, NSA) Existing Homes - Months’ Supply (months) New Homes for Sale (thousands, SA) New Homes for Sale - Months’ Supply (months, SA) Vacant Units Held Off Market (thousands) 2,370 5.5 205 6.0 3,975 2,290 5.5 197 5.6 3,888 (r) 2,240 5.0 171 5.6 3,771 3,130 9.4 353 11.2 3,542 July-14 July-14 July-14 July-14 2nd Q 14 Mortgage Originations (thousands) Reﬁnance Originations Purchase Originations 534.3 668.9 554.0 521.8 (r) (r) 1,635.0 822.3 767.1 986.3 2nd Q 14 2nd Q 14 15.0 60.4 46.2 (r) (r) (r) 34.4 64.1 50.5 62.9 72.7 56.2 July-14 July-14 July-14 3.3 30.2 10.8 4.4 34.3 14.3 July-14 July-14 July-14 July-14 July-14 July-14 (p) (p) (r) (r) (r) FHA Originations (thousands) Reﬁnance Originations Purchase Originations Purchases by First Time Buyers 19.3 61.7 49.2 Mortgage Delinquency Rates (percent) Prime Subprime FHA 2.8 30.0 9.7 2.8 30.1 9.8 596 952 543 608 960 557 (r) (r) 884 1,167 638 915 1,632 333 6,284 6,596 (r) 9,824 -- 49.6 25.9 17.9 33.9 47.2 26.9 17.2 39.2 (r) (r) 60.6 37.0 33.7 49.4 148.6 78.9 14.0 74.8 Seriously Delinquent Mortgages (thousands) Prime Subprime FHA Underwater Borrowers (thousands) Foreclosure Actions (thousands) Foreclosure Starts Foreclosure Completions Short Sales REO Sales (p) (p) (p) (p) (p) 4-Sep-14 June-14 (r) June-14 June-14 June-14 1st Q 14 July-14 July-14 May-14 May-14 SA = seasonally adjusted, NSA = not SA, p = preliminary, r = revised, b = brackets include units in process, s = see note Sources and Methodology page. August 2014 National Scorecard | Page 5 U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Policy Development and Research The Obama Administration’s Eﬀorts To Stabilize The Housing Market and Help American Homeowners | August 2014 SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY A. Items in Tables Description Distressed Homeowners Assisted HAMP Trial Modiﬁcations HAMP Permanent Modiﬁcations HARP Reﬁnances FHA Loss Mitigation Interventions HOPE Now Modiﬁcations Counseled Borrowers (thousands) Borrower Annual Savings HAMP Active Trial Modiﬁcations Frequency Sources Notes on Methodology Monthly Monthly Monthly Monthly Monthly Treasury Treasury Federal Housing Finance Agency HUD Hope Now Alliance As reported. Also see additional note in Section C below on HAMP Tier 2. As reported. Also see additional note in Section C below on HAMP Tier 2. As reported. All FHA loss mitigation and early delinquency interventions. All proprietary modiﬁcations completed. Quarterly HUD Housing counseling activity reported by all HUD-approved housing counselors. HUD estimate of annualized savings based on Treasury reported active HAMP trial modiﬁcations and Freddie Mac monthly savings estimates. Also see additional note in Section C below on HAMP Tier 2. HUD estimate of annualized savings based on Treasury reported active HAMP permanent modiﬁcations and median monthly savings estimates. Also see additional note in Section C below on HAMP Tier 2. Reﬁnance originations (see below) multiplied by HUD estimate of annualized savings per reﬁnance. Quarterly HUD, Treasury, and Freddie Mac HAMP Active Permanent Modiﬁcations Quarterly HUD and Treasury All Reﬁnances Quarterly HUD, and MBA Quarterly HUD Quarterly HUD Quarterly HUD Quarterly Federal Reserve Board Completed Activities Under NSP (housing units) New Construction or Residential Rehab Demolition or Clearance Direct Homeownership Assistance Change in Aggregate Home Equity Housing units constructed/rehabilitated using Neighborhood Stabilization Program. Bracketed numbers include units in process. Housing units demolished/cleared using Neighborhood Stabilization Program. Bracketed numbers as above. Completed downpayment assistance or non-amortizing second mortgages by grantee to make purchase of NSP unit affordable. Bracketed numbers as above. Difference in aggregate household owners’ equity in real estate as reported in the Federal Reserve Board’s Flow of Funds Accounts of the United States for stated time period. Mortgage Rates (30-Yr FRM) Weekly Freddie Mac Primary Mortgage Market Survey, as reported for 30-Year ﬁxed rate mortgages (FRM). Housing Affordability Monthly National Association of Realtors® NAR’s composite housing affordability index as reported. A value of 100 means that a family with the median income has exactly enough income to qualify for a mortgage on a median-priced home. An index above 100 signiﬁes that a family earning the median income has more than enough income to qualify. Home Prices Case-Shiller (NSA) Monthly Standard and Poor’s Monthly Monthly Federal Housing Finance Agency CoreLogic Case-Shiller 20-metro composite index, January 2000 = 100. Standard and Poor’s recommends use of not seasonally adjusted index when making monthly comparisons. FHFA monthly (purchaseonly) index for US, January 1991 = 100. CoreLogic national combined index, distressed sales excluded, January 2000 = 100. (Only available as NSA). Monthly HUD and Census Bureau Existing Monthly National Association of Realtors® First Time Buyers Monthly NAR, Census Bureau, and HUD Distressed Sales (NSA) Monthly CoreLogic Housing Supply Existing Homes for Sale (NSA) Existing Homes - Months’ Supply New Homes for Sale (SA) New Homes for Sale - Months’ Supply (SA) Vacant Units Held Off Market Monthly Monthly Monthly Monthly Quarterly National Association of Realtors National Association of Realtors HUD and Census Bureau HUD and Census Bureau Census Bureau As reported. As reported. As reported. As reported. As reported in Census CPS/HPS Table 4. Estimates of Housing Inventory, line item “Year-round vacant, held off market for reasons other than occasional use or usually reside elsewhere.” Vacant units can be held off the market for a variety of reasons. Mortgage Originations Reﬁnance Originations Quarterly Purchase Originations Quarterly Mortgage Bankers Association and HUD Mortgage Bankers Association and HUD HUD estimate of reﬁnance originations based on MBA estimate of dollar volume of reﬁnance originations. HUD estimate of home purchase originations based on MBA estimate of dollar volume of home purchase originations. Monthly Monthly Monthly HUD HUD HUD FHA originations reported as of date of loan closing. Estimate for current month scaled upward due to normal reporting lag and shown as preliminary. Monthly Monthly Monthly LPS Applied Analytics LPS Applied Analytics HUD Total mortgages past due (30+ days) but not in foreclosure, divided by mortgages actively serviced. Total mortgages past due (30+ days) but not in foreclosure, divided by mortgages actively serviced. Total FHA mortgages past due (30+ days) but not in foreclosure, divided by FHA’s insurance in force. Seriously Delinquent Mortgages Prime Subprime FHA Monthly Monthly Monthly LPS Applied Analytics, MBA, and HUD Mortgages 90+ days delinquent or in foreclosure, scaled up to market. LPS Applied Analytics, MBA, and HUD Mortgages 90+ days delinquent or in foreclosure, scaled up to market. Mortgages 90+ days delinquent or in foreclosure. HUD Underwater Borrowers Quarterly CoreLogic As reported. Foreclosure Actions Foreclosure Starts Monthly Realty Trac Monthly Monthly Monthly Realty Trac CoreLogic CoreLogic Foreclosure starts are reported counts of notice of default or scheduled foreclosure auction, depending on which action starts the foreclosure process in a state. Real Estate Owned (REO). Count of Short Sales for the month as reported (current month subject to revision). Count of REO (Real Estate Owned) Sales for the month as reported (current month subject to revision). FHFA (SA) CoreLogic - Excluding Distressed Sales (NSA) Home Sales (SA) New FHA Originations Reﬁnance Originations Purchase Originations Purchases by First Time Buyers Mortgage Delinquency Rates (NSA) Prime Subprime FHA Foreclosure Completions Short sales REO Sales Seasonally adjusted annual rates divided by 12. A newly constructed house is considered sold when either a sales contract has been signed or a deposit accepted, even if this occurs before construction has actually started. Seasonally adjusted annual rates divided by 12. Existing-home sales, which include single-family, townhomes, condominiums and co-ops, are based on transaction closings. This differs from the U.S. Census Bureau’s series on new single-family home sales, which are based on contracts or the acceptance of a deposit. Sum of seasonally adjusted new and existing home sales (above) multiplied by National Association of Realtors ® annual estimate of ﬁrst time buyer share of existing home sales. Short sales and REO (Real Estate Owned) sales as a percent of total existing home sales (current month subject to revision). August 2014 National Scorecard | Page 6 U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Policy Development and Research The Obama Administration’s Eﬀorts To Stabilize The Housing Market and Help American Homeowners | August 2014 SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY B. Notes on Charts. 1. Monthly house price trends shown as changes in respective house price indices applied to a common base price set equal to the median price of an existing home sold in January 2003 as reported by the National Association of Realtors. Indices shown: S&P/Case Shiller 20-metro composite index (NSA), January 2000 = 100, FHFA monthly (purchase-only) index for US (SA), January 1991 = 100, and CoreLogic-Distressed Sales Excluded (Monthly) for US (NSA), January 2000 =100. 2. S&P/Case-Shiller 10-metro composite index (NSA) as reported monthly. Implied Case-Shiller futures index ﬁgures report forward expectations for the level of the S&P/Case Shiller index as of the date indicated, estimated from prices of futures purchased on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange reported by CME Group. The January 2009 market trend projection reports forward expectations estimated from prices of futures contracts reported by Radar Logic. Also see additional note in Section C below. 3. Reported seasonally adjusted annual rates for new and existing home sales divided by 12. 4. HUD estimate of reﬁnance originations based on MBA estimate of dollar volume of reﬁnance originations. 5. Cumulative HAMP permanent modiﬁcations started, FHA loss mitigation and early delinquency interventions, plus proprietary modiﬁcations completed as reported by HOPE Now Alliance. Some homeowners may be counted in more than one category. Foreclosure completions are properties entering Real Estate Owned (REO) as reported by Realty Trac. Also see additional note in Section C below on HAMP Tier 2. 6. Beginning with the September 2012 release, ﬁlings of a notice of default or scheduled foreclosure auction, depending on which action starts the foreclosure process in a state, are reported for foreclosure starts. Foreclosure defaults previously had been reported as a proxy for foreclosure starts. Foreclosure completions are properties entering REO. Both as reported by Realty Trac. 7. See “Borrower Annual Savings” above. 8. FHA market shares as FHA purchase and reﬁnance originations divided by HUD estimates of purchase and reﬁnance mortgage originations as noted in “Mortgage Originations” above. See additional note below on FHA market share. C. Additional Notes. Beginning with the February 2013 release, the House Price Expectations Chart was updated by replacing market expectations as they existed in January 2009 with expectations as of December 2011. Prices of futures purchased for the S&P/Case-Shiller 10-metro composite index, available on the web from CME Group, were used to estimate expectations for December 2011 and for the current month. Market trend as of January 2009 is estimated from percentage changes in house price futures based on a different house price index: RadarLogic RPX. This trend has been added back to the chart because it imparts important information on how house price expectations have changed over time. Beginning with the January 2013 release, mortgage aid under HAMP Tier 2 is included in the totals. Effective June 2012, HAMP Tier 2 expanded eligibility requirements to further reduce foreclosures and help stabilize neighborhoods. For non-GSE loans, eligibility was expanded to allow for more ﬂexible debt-toincome criteria and to include properties currently occupied by a tenant, as well as vacant properties which a borrower intends to rent. FHA market share estimates are based on new methodology beginning with the October 2013 report; estimates were revised back through Q1 2013. See the FHA Market Share report on their website for an explanation of the new methodology: http://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/program_ofﬁces/ housing/rmra/oe/rpts/fhamktsh/fhamktqtrly. The Q2 2014 NSP actual count was revised for the demolition or clearance category and the Q2 2014 NSP projected counts were revised for the new construction or residential rehabilitation and the direct homeownership assistance categories. August 2014 National Scorecard | Page 7 U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Policy Development and Research The Obama Administration’s Eﬀorts To Stabilize The Housing Market and Help American Homeowners | August 2014 Appendix The Administration has taken a broad set of actions to stabilize the housing market and help American homeowners. Three years ago, stress in the ﬁnancial system had severely reduced the supply of mortgage credit, limiting the ability of Americans to buy homes or reﬁnance mortgages. Millions of responsible families who had made their monthly payments and had fulﬁlled their obligations saw their property values fall. They also found themselves unable to reﬁnance at lower mortgage rates. In February 2009, less than one month after taking ofﬁce, President Obama announced the Homeowner Affordability and Stability Plan. As part of this plan and through other housing initiatives, the Administration has taken the following actions to strengthen the housing market: • Supported Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to ensure continued access to affordable mortgage credit; • The Federal Reserve and the U.S. Treasury purchased more than $1.4 trillion in agency mortgage backed securities through independent MBS purchase programs, helping to keep mortgage rates at historic lows; • Launched a modiﬁcation initiative to help homeowners reduce mortgage payments to affordable levels and to prevent avoidable foreclosures; • Launched a $23.5 billion Housing Finance Agencies Initiative to increase sustainable homeownership and rental resources; • Supported the First Time Homebuyer Tax Credit, which helped more than 2.5 million American families purchase homes; • Provided more than $5 billion in support for affordable rental housing through low income housing tax credit programs and $6.92 billion in support for the Neighborhood Stabilization Program to restore neighborhoods hardest hit by the concentrated foreclosures; • Created the $7.6 billion HFA Hardest Hit Fund for innovative foreclosure prevention programs in the nation’s hardest hit housing markets; • Launched the $1 billion Emergency Homeowners Loan Program, as part of the DoddFrank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, to help unemployed and underemployed homeowners pay a portion of their monthly mortgage. • Created an FHA Short Reﬁnance Option that helps underwater borrowers reﬁnance into a new, stable, FHA-insured mortgage that is more aligned with actual property values. • Supported home purchase and reﬁnance activity through the FHA to provide access to affordable mortgage capital and help homeowners prevent foreclosures. • Implemented a series of changes to the Home Affordable Reﬁnance Program (HARP) in an effort to attract more eligible borrowers who can beneﬁt from reﬁnancing their home mortgages during this time of historically low mortgage rates. ### August 2014 National Scorecard | Page 8