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POPULATION NATIONAL ATLAS POPULATION DISTRIBUTION S U P E/ii 242 URBAN POPULATION 15.000.000 . 1 000.000 0 5,000,000 -2,500,000 1 ,000,000 —500,000 —250,000 — 50,000 Area of circles is proportional to population, 1960 Principal Islands of HAWAII Urban places over 50,000 ------- 25,000-50,000 ------- 10,000-25,000 ------- 2,500-10,000 POPULATION DISTRIBUTION , URBAN AN D R UR AL: 1960 A daptedfro U Bureau o the C su Population distribution, m .S. f en s, urban and rural, in the United States: I960, G E-50, n . 1 o , W ashington, U G Prin Off.,1 6 , m 1 ,0 0 0 .S. ovt. t. 9 3 ap :5 0 ,0 0 :7 0 ,0 0 ,5 0 0 ALASKA l:7000 0 1, .0 0 RURAL POPULATION 1,000-2,500 500 persons NATIONAL ATLAS POPULATION TRENDS 0-9.9 PERCENT LOSS 244 20 or more !•:.= • i 10-19-9 I I °-9-9 POPULATION MIGRATION WEST N O R TH , T L A ^ T lC V n Ta i n MIGRANTS IN THOUSANDS 900 and over WEST 74 and under Number of I960 residents that lived in another State in 1955 P A C IF IC ORIGIN BY CENSUS DIVISION Principal Islands of HAWAII SCAU 1 7 0 ,0 0 :1 ,0 0 0 PA C IF IC PATTERNS OF MIGRATION: 1960 0 1 1 4 6 8 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 01 0 !00 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 4 6 8 NATIONAL ATLAS PO PULATIO N STRUCTURE NATIONAL ATLAS MOBILITY STATUS This m ap shows the percent o f the 1960 population 5 years o f age or older that did not live in the same house in 1955 The graph shows the percent o f the United States 1960 population by 5 year age groups that did not live in the same house in 19S5 NATIVE POPULATION Native population comprises persons bom in the U nited States or its possessions, and those bom abroad or at sea who have at least one native American parent 248 POPULATION MOBILITY FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS DEPENDENCY RATIO T h e dependency ratio is the ratio o f the population aged under 18 and over 65 to those aged betw een 18 and 65 FAMILY A fam ily consists o f two o r m ore persons living in the same housing unit w ho are related to each oth er by blood, marriage o r adoption POPULATION NOT IN FAMILIES Population n o t in families includes unrelated individuals living in house holds and persons in group q uarters such as room ing and boarding houses, m ilitary barracks, college dorm itories, and institutions NATIONAL ATLAS MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE 250 Compiled from U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of population: 1960, v. I, individual State reports, Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1961, table 28, and U.S. Public Health Service, Vital statistics of the United States, v. Ill, Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1964, table 5-1 Virginia county data adjusted to include independent cities BIRTHS T R EN D S IN BIR T H S A N D DEATHS FE TILITYR TE(LIVEB TH T FE A S A E 15-44 Y .) R A IR S O M LE . G S R 1 i -- - __ V \ > N ,^ \ t \ The following presentation of vital statistics, health manpower, and hospitals largely uses rates rather than frequencies. These rates are expressed per 1,000 or 100,000 persons o f the appropriate category, such as total population or persons 35-54 years o f age. Most o f the vital statistics are for the 3 years 1959-61, and the population is that of the 1960 census (multiplied by three). Most o f the rates have not been adjusted statistically for age, color, sex, health, or other population differences. These crude rates have the advantage of indicating the actual probability of the condition measured in a population. Thus, a State with a high propor tion of its population over 60 years of age can be expected to have a higher crude death rate than a State with a predominantly youthful population. When a comparative interpretation of rates is desired, such as measurement of relative health of population groups rather than the total probability of death, crude rates usually should be replaced by specific rates (as for definite age groups) or should be adjusted by basing all calculations on a standard population (as the total 1940 population of the United States). Rates on the maps generally are shown in six class intervals— three above and three below the mean for the country as a whole. The National mean rate is the lower limit of the third category. The standard deviation, which is a measure of dispersion of values about the mean, was found for each map and used to sort the respective rates into six class intervals conforming to six equal areas of the standard normal curve. If a rate was produced entirely by the interaction of a large number of nearly equal factors, very nearly the same number of States would fall into each class interval. While this technique is preferred to use o f arbitrary class intervals, it is not assumed that any o f the phenomena should be normally distributed. NU BERO EB TH M FLIV IR S / «_ _ _ D ATHR T (A EA JUSTED T 1940 P P LAT N E AE G D O O U IO ) Complete reporting of all births and deaths for the entire United States began in 1933. The number of births and rate of fertility for 19091932 are estimates prepared by P K Whelpton. . . / N M RO D A S U BE F E TH The death rate for 1900-1932 isan estimate based ■entire United States in 1933. Compiled from information provided by U.S. Public Health Service, 1967 YEAR OF ACE Between 1940 and 1960 the country’s fertility rates by color increased by about one-half. Live births per 1,<X)0 white women 15-44 years of age rose from 77 to 113 annually, while the rate for Negro and other races rose from 102 to 153. There were important differences between the two, however, as the m aps by State show. 71.4-71.9 70.5-71.3 1 69.9-70.4 .......... .. M EAN 69.4-69.8 68.6-69.3 66.4-68.5 NATIONAL ATLAS DEATHS, MEDICAL EDUCATION & M A N PO W ER MEDICAL SERVICES NATIONAL ATLAS HOSPITAL STATISTICS: 1965 PER100,000 CIVILIANS PROFESSIONAL NURSES: 1962 ACTIVE LONG-TERM HOSPITALS SHORT-TERM HOSPITALS 1 State&lo l g v ca o t. G n ra ee l 1 Non-profit; operated by foundations, religiousorgan Privately-ow operatedfor profit by individuals, f ned; Graph and 1:34,000,000 maps below compiled from information provided by American Hospital Association, 1965 PER 100,000 CIVILIANS P 100,000 CIVILIANS ER W M 517-827 357-427 - M EAN 285-356 254 HOSPITAL BEDS: 1965 GENERAL AND SPECIAL, NON-FEDERAL HOSPITAL BEDS: 1965 MENTAL, NON-FEDERAL P 100,000 CIVILIANS ER 448-622 HOSPITAL CENSUS: 1965 GENERAL AND SPECIAL, NON-FEDERAL A veragedaily cen sus. 323-353 - M EAN 292-322 HOSPITAL CENSUS: 1965 MENTAL, NON-FEDERAL A veragedailycensus, patients inhospitals NEED , U T IL IZ A T IO N , A N D C O ST O F M E D IC A L SERVICES The maps cover the noninstitutionalized civilian population of the United States for the indicated years, by census regions. Though some o f the differences may appear to be small, they are fairly consistent. Thus, if the areas on each map are ranked from 1 to 4, with the lowest number standing for the most favorable situation healthwise (for example, fewer days of restricted activity and bed disability), the regions obtain the following average ranks: Northeast 1.7 North-Central 2.4 West 2.1 South 3.7 Relatively few of the individual values depart much from this PERCENT OF POPULATION CONSULTING A PHYSICIAN PERCENT OF CHILDREN UNDER 1 YEAR WITH 7 S ROUTINE CHECK-UP IN 1 6 94 / PER CENT / EX EN ON P SE Other P hysicia DAYS OF SCHOOL LO SS P RCHILD (6-16 YEAR E S) P R YEAR IN 1 6 E 95 ETHNIC POPULATION 255 NATIONAL ATLAS 256 INDIAN POPULATION NATIONAL ATLAS 258 ETHNIC POPULATION FAMILY INCOME 259 RELIGIONS NATIONAL ATLAS ■ H Baptist 50+% Baptist 25-50% ■ ■ i Congregational 50+% i Congregational 25-50% ■ ■ Disciples of Christ 50+% □ Disciples of Christ 25-50% Episcopal 50+% Episcopal 25-50% Jewish 50+% □ Lutheran 50+% □ Lutheran 25-50% M ethodist 50+% M ethodist 25-50% M ormon 50+% 1 M ormon 25-50% Presbyterian 50+% | Presbyterian 25-50% " O Roman Catholic 50+% No comparable information available for Alaska or Hawaii n n | Roman Catholic 25-50% The “50 + %” above indicates that the designated denomination accounts for at least 50% of the reported church membership in that county. The " 2 5 -5 0 % ” indicates that the designated denomination accounts for at least 25% of the reported church membership in that county. If two or more denominations have a member ship of 25% or over in a given county, the largest is shown. White areas on the map indicate that no denomination accounts for more than 25% of the reported church mem bership 264 The principal source for data on religious denominations and church membership is the National Council o f Churches. The most recent study conducted by the Council is based upon 1952 data collected for 114 religious bodies in the conterminous States. Although this national religious census is incomplete, the coverage is substantial enough to provide significant distributional patterns on a national scale. The reporting organizations accounted for 49% of the total population of the United States, whereas the total church membership is estimated to be about 60% of the population. In some sections of the country, reporting was less complete than in others, but subsequent analysis of those areas indicates that the basic patterns on the map o f “Leading Religious Denominations” would be rein forced rather than changed by a complete census o f church membership. The map of “Church Membership Compared with the Population” is based on statistics which were adjusted to compensate for differences in membership definition used by the various reporting organizations. Some counted all baptized persons, including infants, and others counted only those who obtained full membership. In addition, several Negro religious groups, especially those in the southeastern section of the country, have not maintained centralized records of individual church mem bership. For purposes of comparison it has been necessary to subtract the Negro population reported in the 1950 census from the total population in order that a reason ably accurate ratio between church membership and total population be maintained. REFERENCES Gaustad, Edwin S., Historical atlas o f religion in America, New York, Harper and Row, 1962. National Council of Churches, Churches and church membership in the United States, ser. A— New York, 1956—1958. E, Zelinsky, Wilbur, “An approach to the religious geography of the United States: Patterns o f church membership in 1952, Annals of the Assoc, o f Am. Geographers, v. 51, no. 2, 1961, p. 139-193. CRIME AND LAW ENFORCEMENT NATIONAL ATLAS 266 EDUCATION HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION i 1 ? 0 1 5 g» -= 2 ta £SS a: :s ”“ S ' ]§ ■1 •s 'S 5 B 3 J 2 * 5 5 -tss £s JSS 1 1 H-& ssc: : ? as" i! £ S ■S ES J- * : s is s s is -. j IS “ i! : !! is ig SS U T cS * ! » £ gj S is ssssr £ S 5 S rt.“ j ? O vinity S c* ! nJ i: B e*«iyU ofl. >leC °s ? -ss 9 ! Bd ni is l S II s r 58 52 r OF COLUMBIA :s « b~ 267 ip i T ts McnfSS J I ;s 2i J 30 i i Si i i? ‘*s& “ ss £S 5 if Fo L u e a rt e d rd le e i^ ^ P lo H e * eight* SS «S£ “j £ 'NStateTchre. Coll. — , B ll e if s i :? i i2 j : j s s ■>=8 '-a s I! :3 ! !? ■=§ t j;£ E sse s^ s: Si Ii ass M 4 B 5 0 2 s g r R mn ich o d E a s ille v nv F rt Wyn o a e tS S tc i f s a a r/c s r a sr* . — a b r - SSS1.C is IP ” sS !r ' am. s T p a U If aabashColl.t sss W d a % ss z : ‘ S xC iou enter A nnaM n.v U « £ S B i J3 SSL 5 V , I !! t 5 5 I 1 5 ■I tzs ! ^ S : &3s i I “1 s i s - NATIONAL ATLAS HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS 15 DENVER 22b 22a BOSTON 14 PORTLAND 16 MINNEAPOLISST. PAUL 17 MILWAUKEE 20 CINCINNAT I Lb Lb 18 KANSAS CITY J 19 ST. LOUIS PROVIDENCE CUYAHO GA 21 CLEVELAND ' 23 DETROIT NEW YORK CITY AREA W H ESTC ESTER 24 BUFFALO NEBfr, BRONX JCIeve'and\' ©•® 0 \, ' LakU- QUEENS COUNTY ndianapo'1 ^ 268 1a NEW YORK CITY 13 SAN FRANCISCOOAKLAND ijlashville PITTSBURGH BALTIMORE WASHINGTON MONTGOMERY .D aytona I 10 CHICAGO NASHVILLE 11 SAN DIEGO NEW ORLEANS C piled b H ard E H Brid ater StateC om y ow . irt, gew ollege andSaul B C . ohen, C U lark niversity, 1 6 94 R evisedfro U O m .S. fficeof Edu n Education directory, 1964-1965, catio , W ashington, U Govt P t. O 1 6 ,p 3 p 2128 .S. rin ff., 9 5 t. , . 1-1 TYPE OF INSTITUTION SCALE 1 ,5 0 0 :7 0 ,0 0 D ALASKA Awarding Doctorate NATIONAL ATLAS 270 HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS