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COMMERCIAL REVIEW.

FROM JU L Y TO DECEMBER, INCLUSIVE, 1859.

5Tn» |]ork:
GEO. W. & JNO. A. WOOD, 142 FULTON-STREET.
1859.




CONTRIBUTORS
TO

THE

F O R T Y -F IR S T

VOLUM E

OF

T IIE

MERCHANTS’MAGAZINE AND COMMERCIAL REVIEW

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Governor

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OCT 31194-1

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’S&O

INDEX TO VOLUME XLI.,
FROM JU L Y TO DECEMBER, INCLUSIVE, 1859.

PACK

Admeasurement of shipping, new system of. 275
Adulteration of groceries in England...........652
Adulterations in food and drugs................... 654
Admiralty, decisions i n ................................. 71i
Agriculture, statistics of,
127, 250, 332, 506, 641, 757
“
in the northwest....................... 128
Agricultural products of United Kingdom
(total) with average per acre..................... 66
Agricultural exhibitions for 1859................. 255
Almaden, quicksilver mines of..................... 490
Alton, Illinois, valuation of property in....... 206
Alps, tunnel under t h e ............ ................. 749
Andros Island, Mediterranean, light on.......4ri2
Anthracite coal shipments in 1857-8............ 378
Antimony, mine of, in Illinois....................... 500
Animals, commerce in, by railroads............ 747
Attributes of money. By Charles II. Carroll 19
Austria and Prussia, railway legislation in... 119
44 and Prussia, national banks of.........349
44
its commercial resources............ 135
44 and Sardinia, trade between............... 220
44
finances o f ............. 731
Austrian vessels, liabilities of, to capture — 107
Australia, wool exported from, to G. Britain. 220
44
gold fields of.............. 260
Auctions: how they are conducted in Paris. 770
IS.

Bacalhao Tsland, Newfoundland, new light on 227
Baltimore, floating school of.......................... 105
Bangor lumber trad e.......................................375
Bank of England,specie & interest in 4 years 93
“ law of Virginia, new provision in .......596
“ dividends, Boston, for last two years.. 592
“ dividends (New York'for July...........206
44 of France, specie &. interest in 4 years. 93
44 notes, photographic.............................. 398
“ stock, taxing of, (law case ) ................ 330
44 of France, condition o f ....................... 730
“ acts of 1844-45, British, principles of.. 674
Banks, daily average of New York.............. 462
44 of Kentucky, operations of..................464
Banking, currency, and finance, journal of.
85, 202,339, 45S, 5S6, 720
Banking law of New York............................ 462
Be s h o rt........................................................ 133
Belgium and U. States, convention between. 109
“
44
trade between......... 479
Bills of exch., (forged,) liability of the payer. 71
44
acceptance of duplicate.......... 137
Bill of Portland, light vessel a t..................... 746
Board of currency.......................................... 92
44 of brokers, sketch of a New York__ 140
Book trade, the.......... 142, 270, 399, 527, G55, 775
Boston bank returns, weekly,
87,
Boston clearing house, report of, for year
ending March, 1859 ..................................... 90
Boston, property valuation of....................... 465
44 semi-annual dividends payable in ... 467
44 imports of wool into, for live years.. 356
44 bank dividends for two years.......... 591
44 semi-annuafdividends payable in .. 727
Bottles, manufacture of................................. 381
Bottomry bond, decision on, [law case.] . . . . 709




Brass clippings, duty on, (treas. circular.)... 235
Brazil and United States, trade between . . . . 553
44 new tariff o f ........................................ 234
44 our trade w ith ..................................... 732
Breadstuff's, export of, for last twelve years.. 599
“
“
from U. States for 20 yrs. 127
44
in Europe .................................. ]27
Breakwater harbor of Liverpool................... 106
Bremen, commerce o f ................................... 213
Brooklyn, L. [., valuation of property i n ---- 596
British and American railways..................... 120
44 coal mines, statistics of...................... 124
44 post-office, th e .................................... 235
44 railroads, statistics of.......................... 239
44 trade and price of wheat.................... 218
44 emigration returns............................. 512
44 savings banks...................................... 339
44 grain trade............................................739
44 trade with South America................. 735
44 bank acts of 1844-45, principles o f... 674
44 specie trade ....................................... 736
“ post-office packet service................... 742
Business.......................................................... 263
Button stuff of worsted, duty on .................. 624
Buttons, duty on, (treas. circular.)................ 233
C.

California, tobacco manufactures in ........... 498
44
gold product of............................. 207
44
sheep raising i n ........................... 255
44
land mail service, cost of............. 370
44
wines, increased production of .. 253
Canada, merchandise en route for, new ports
by which it may be forwarded................... 366
Canada, harvest 01,1859 ................................. 506
. 44 finances o f .......................................... 465
(’anal, the Panama. By M. Chevalier........... 31
Canals and railways, our............................... 547
44 & railrMs,our. By Hon. B. Brockway 154
Cape Lookout, N. Carolina, lighthouse on .: 616
('ape of Good Hope: its commerce with U. S. 702
Caraway seeds, duly on ............................... 486
Carey’s letters to the president, strictures on
a review of. By 11. C. Baird..................... 63
Carriers, responsibility of, [law case.]...........710
Cattle, commerce in, by rnlroads.................. 747
Central railroad, (New York,; finances of__ 620
44
44
cost of running
trains o n .................................................... 374
Cents as a lender............................................ 344
Ceylon coffee crop for two years................... 737
Charleston, S. Carolina, finances o f.............. 593
44
44
imports &. exports of 356
44
“
insurance co’s of.... 221
Chevalier on gold, strictures on. By Hon.
Amasa Walker............................................ 146
Chicago lumber trade.................................... 478
203,imports
340, 458,and
587,exports
722 of......................... 98
Chili,
44 port charges, weights, measures, &c., of 233
44 its finances and commerce................... 98
44 finances o f ............................................ 346
China, export of tea from, toUnited States.. 663
44 tariff, the new...................................... 626
44 its trade................................................ 439
44 trade with foreign countries............... 215
4* growth of opium in ........................... 757
Cincinnati, commerce of, 1858-9................... 599

IV

IN D E X TO V OLUM E XLI.

Cincinnati, manufactures of.......................... 495
personal property in................... 2u9
‘4
*navigation o f .............................. 637
*•
tonnage o f.................................. 6i»7
“
insurance cos., taxes paid by----741
Circulation and deposits as compared with
ratio of population..................................... 92
City railroad Improvements.......................... 618
Claims of citizens of United States against
foreign governments................................... 94
Clearing-houses, operations of, since com­
mencing business.................................... . 207
Clearing-house, (Boston,) report of, for year
ending March, 1859..................................... 90
Clear’g-house, N. Y., operations of, for Gyrs. 594
Clergy, proportion of, to population............ 516
Coal, (anthracite,) shipments of,in 1857-58.. 378
Coal-burning engines..................................... 116
Coal mines, statistics of British..................... 124
“ and other minerals carried on British
Railroads.................................................... 249
Coal, consumption of, in France................... 249
“ trade of Pittsburg................................. 248
“ on Ohio canals...................................... 244
Coal-burning locomotives.............................. G22
Coasting trade returns, letter of sec. of trea. on 231
Cobbett, industry o f ...................................... 2G9
Cocoa and grass door mats, duty o n ............ 3GG
Coffee, present production & consumption of IG8
“ crop of Ceylon for two years.............. 737
“ exported from Brazil for eleven years 555
‘‘ and the coffee trade. By J. Gardner.. 1G5
“ trade of Europe................................. 99
“ and its adulterations........................... 7GG
“ export, of, from Rio de Janeiro for
last four years............................................. 106
Coinage, an international uniform..................297
“
of Chili:.....
34G
“
of Great Britain............................ 731
771
Coins, rare...............
Collectors of customs, importations by mail
consigned t o ............................................... 48G
Collision, action to recover damages for . . . . 75
Collisions at sea in 1858................................. 361
Collisions, [law case.]..............................707, 708
Commerce of New Orleans.......................... 470
“
of New Zealand............................ 571
“ of Cincinnati for 1858-9 ...................... 599
Commercial chronicle and review,
76, 192,332, 451,579, 711
Commercial regulations,
109, 230, 365, 486, 624, 743
Compressed vegetables, duty on................... 625
Comptoir d’Escompte of France.................... 55
Confession of judgment, (law case.)............ 449
Connecticut railroads................................... 117
Connecticut insurance law............................ 740
Consols, comparative price of, since 1700.... 85
Cooley emigrant trade.....................................764
Centruband of war, what i s .......................... 260
Copper mines of Minnesota........................... 121
Cork trees in California................................. 396
Corn (green) curing of.......
256
Corn : how it is preserved in R u ssia.......... 758
Corporate capital in Germany............ „........ 586
Corpus Christi andBarataria Bay, discontinu­
ance oflights at........................................... 616
Cotton, who of the southern planters raises
the largest amount of................................... 254
Cotton, wooPn, &. worst’d manuf’s of England 125
“ crop of United States for 1859........... 468
“ exported to Mexico........................... 102
“ in India................................................ 250
“ statistics of Memphis................... .. 101
w the power of....................................... 129
“ exports of U. States last five years .. 598
“ purchase and shipment of, (law case,) 189
“ imported into the Zollverein............. 215
“ crops of United States last five years. 598
“ export of, from Mobile........................ 604
Creney Island Shoal, Virginia, lighthouse on 746
Cuba and Porto Rico, regulations concerning
Spanish trade with..................................... 488




Croton water rents, revenue from..................594
Cuba post-office regulations.......................... 617
“ sugar-making i n .................................. 245
“ population of........................................ 387
“ new light on coast of......................
745
Custom-house regulations, new.....................436
I>.
Darien, Isthmus, ship canal across................ 619
Dead-letters and stamps................................. 370
“
cause of their accumulation__ 491
Declaration of independence, signers of....... 133
Denmark and Prussia, lights on coast o f..... 362
Deposits and gross circulation as compared
with ratio of population............................. 92
Desiccated & compressed vegetables, duty on 625
Detroit, (Michigan,) population of................. 257
“
“
valuation of property in 349
Discount, ratio of, in England 1824 to 1859.. 95
Dividends, [semi-annual,] payable in Boston. 727
Door mats, (cocoa and grass,) duty on.........366
Draining in Holland.............................. . . . . 642
Drilling holes in glass...................................... 500
Drop black, duty on....................................... 489
Drugs, adulterations i n .................................. 654
E.
East coast of England, lights and buoys on.. 227
East Indies, export of rice from, to Europe.. 477
Egyptian progress........................................... 259
Electro-gilding, process o f ............................. 247
Electro-plating in gold work.......................... 380
Emery trade, the............................................. 636
“ mine in Illinois.................................. 493
Emigration from Great Britain and Germany
to United States........................................... 511
Emigration from State to State...................... 513
u
returns, British............................. 512
England, iron manufactures o f...................... 499
u
cotton, woolen, & worsted manf’sof 125
“
first silk manufactured i n ................ 499
“
rates of discount in........... ............. 95
il
adulteration of groceries in............. 652
“
east coast, lights and buoys on----227
“
railway traffic...................................373
“
market prices in last century.........393
English mortality, causes of........................... 763
Engravings, (colored,) duty on, (treas. circ’r.) 230
Eucador, population o f .................................. 132
Exchange, rates of, in New O rleans.............. 464
Exports—see “ Com. Chron. and Review”
each month ; also name of place.
Extravagance: what is it................................. 525
F.
Farm labor, wages of..................................... 753
Favignana Island, Sicily, fixed light on........ 485
Female labor.................................................... 768
Fertility in soil, sources of............... • • • • .... 641
Fifteen ships to the mile............................... 485
Fire and marine insurance cos. of Hartford.. 358
Fire ins. cos. of New York, operations of.... 122
Fire, losses in New York by, for 6 months .. 225
Fire and marine inurance cos. of Philadelphia 610
Flume, Adriatic, light at..................................485
Floating school of Baltimore.......................... 105
Florida, grazing m ........................................... 254
Flour received and made at Philadelphia . . . 220
Flour inspections of Virginia.......................... 356
Food and drugs, adulterations in ................. 654
Foreign insurance companies returns to con­
troller of State Of New Y ork...................... 480
Forged notes and the stereoscope................... 526
Forged bills of exchange—liability of the
payer............................................................. 71
Fur business of Hudson’s Bay.........................592
France. By Jos. S. Crawley... .55, 172, 319, 418
“ grain market of................................ 220
“ sugar and tobacco tax of.................... 210
“ a nation of smokers........................... 398

V

IN D E X TO V OLUM E X L I.

France, grain exports and imports of............ 333
*■ manufacture of laces in......................249
“ consumption ofcoal i n .................... 249
“ wheat trade o f ................................... 350
“ the imperial loans ofJ854-55 ............ 176
“ grain trade of.................................... 606
“ grain duties o f .................................. 487
“ prices i n ............................................ 774
“ harvest in.......................................... 761
Franklinite iro n ................................
125
Free banking in Michigan........................
207
“ trade and protection. By Rich. Sulley. 288
Freight, London ship-brokers’ rates for........ 733
French tonnage dues onAmerican steamers . 230
“
railroads............................................117
“
loan, the new ................................... 202
“
field telegraph.................................... 492
Frontiers, navigation on our northern.......... 744
G.

Hoe’s American press.................
Hog crops for two years.................................
Holland, draining in......................................
Holmes’ Hole, discontinuance of light a t......
Honolulu, commerce o f .................................
Hudson’s Bay fur business............................

754
758
642
746
355
392

ff.
Ibraila, vessels &. cargo’s sailed from, in 1858 219
Illinois, g*-ain crop of...................................... 508
“
State indebtedness............................ 89
Imports—see “ Com. Chron. and Review”
each month ; also name of place.
Importations by mail consigned to collectors
of customs.................................................. 486
India, population of............. . ....................... 387
“ cotton in............................................... 250
“ railroads & canals made in, since 1848. 120
Indiana, valuation of property in................. 348
Industry.......................................................... 526
Insurance, journal of.. 103, 221, 358, 480, 609, 740
“
(fire.) dividends of New York---- 358
44
cos of N. Y., general synopsis of. 222
44
(life,) in State of New York . . . . . 360
“
life, domestic and foreign, com­
parative rates of.......................... 612
44
cos., (marine,) of Massachusetts.. 48*
44
mutual, statistics of........ .............. 611
“
companies of Charleston, S. C .... 221
“
companies of Providence............. 104
44
capital of New York........................221
44
risks and losses in Massachusetts. 1U4
44
dividends of N. Y. cos. for last 6
months...................................... 609
44
cos., (foreign,) returns to control­
ler of State of New Y ork......... 480
44
in New Hampshire......... ............. 358
44
exp’s in ratio of premiums for ’58 610
“
cos. of Cincinnati, taxes paid by.. 741
44
law of Connecticut..........................740
International uniform coinage. By J. A. Tefft 297
Iowa, finances of............................................. 467
progress of............................................ 720
14 census of, for 1858..........................
763
Iron manufactures of State of New York..... 494
•4 manufactures of England................... 499
‘ in the Zollverein.................................. 245
remarkable property of....................... 248
,4 and steel, furnaces for melting............ 247
‘ anti steel, manufacture of.......................752
‘ action of sea water o n ...........................745
Italy, comrfierce of......................................... 599
Italian cloths, duty o n ..................................... 625
“ war, chronicle of................................. 388
Ivory, vegetable.............................................. 510

Gamboge, duty on, (treasury circular).......... 232
Gas light, progress o f .................................... 493
Get many, emigration from, to United States. 511
fc‘
population of................................... 131
“
reduction of postage t o ...................492
“
corporate capital in ..............
586
Georgia, debt of................................................721
Gilding in gold w ork...............................
380
Glass, fluted plate, duty on, (treas. circular) . 232
Gold rec’d from Cal., & exported from N. Y.,
weekly............... 79, 194, 334, 453, 581, 713
“ cost of export of.................................... 212
“ produce of Cal. & Australia for 2 years. 80
“ strictures on Chevalier’s opinions o f... 146
“ used in manufact’s of watches &. plate.. 247
“ fields of Australia................................ 260
“ product of California........................... 207
“ substitute for....................................
751
“ different processes in manufacture of... 755
“ nugget, the largest, in the world.......... 756
Gov’t loans of Europe, prices of, inLondon. 595
Grain crop of Illinois..................................... 50S
u trade of France..................................... 606
“ exports and imports of France...............353
“ market of Frauce, the........................... 220
“ duties, French........................................ 487
“ cron of Canada for 1859....................... 506
“ trade, British........................................ 739
Great Britain, price & export of silver from. 211
“
wheat trade of......................... 350
imports & exp’s of, for 5 years 605
u
mercantile steam marine of .. 351
“
tonnage of................................ 357
“
revenue of................................ 91
“
mineral wealth of.................... 640
44
wool imported into................. 217
“
and United States, railways in 242 ,
J.
w
average consumption per head
of the population.................. 218 Japan, trade with............................................
44
& Germany, emigration from,
“ commerce with...................................
to United States.................. 511 Jointed steamship, the...................................
“
and Fiance, consnmption of
Judgment entered on confession—what is a
sugarin............................... 219
sufficient statement.....................................
“
coinage of................................ 731
Great Eastern steamship, the......................... 483
E.
Groceries, adulteration of, inE ngland.........652
Guano islands, newly discovered................... 476 Kentucky, operations of banks o f ................
“ statistics of.......................................... 645 Kili Point, coast of Anatolia, new light o n ...

218
738
118
72

464
616

If.

Hanse Towns, commerce of........................... 605
Hartford fire and marine insurance cos......... 358
Harvest in France.......................................... 761
Hats, manufacture of, in Massachusetts....... 756
Havana mails, new arrangement o f .............. 238
Havre, commercial industry o f ..................... 560
Hayti, important commercial change in....... 632
“ the monetary system of....................... 343
Heated metals, vibration of........................... 248
Hemp seed, duty o n ............................ ....... 367
Hides, converting of, into leather................. C33




Labor, [farm,] wages of .............................. 758
Laces, manufacture of, in France..................249
Lakes, disasters on, for 3 years.....................107
Lappings, manufactured oflinen and worsted,
duty on ...................................................... 490
Lead ; its price and supply........................... 126
44 from American mines, received at St.
Louis and New Orleans................... 126
Leather, manufacture of different kinds....... 121
“ bleaching of...................................... 125
“
the different kinds o f ....................... 633

VI

IN D E X TO VOLUM E XLI.

Letter to young men...................................... 517
Level and color of the ocean........................ 614
Liberia, trade o f............................................. 217
Life insurance companies in State of New
York, operations of........... 3C0
44
44
domestic and foreign, com­
parative ra te s................... 612
44
44
cos. in Massachusetts............. 103
Life-boat, a new ............................................. 615
Life, duration of, in the pursuits of literature
and a r t ....................................................... 764
Light weights & short measures in Liverpool 510
Light®, discontinuance of................................ 363
Lighthouse at mouth of St. Johns’ R iv er.... 363
Linen shirt bosoms, duty on, (treas. cir.)__ 112
Literature and art, duration of liie in the
pursuits of.................................................. 764
Liverpool, the port of the world.................. 615
Living within one’s means............................. 141
Loaning money in Minnesota........................ 112
Loans of different governments of Europe.. 595
Locomotives, coal burning............................ 622
44
increasing the power o f ......... 750
London, matrimony in................................... 386
44 newspapers, statistics of.................. 264
44 ship-brokers’ rates for freight......... 733
Longevity, comparative................................. 259
Loss of cargo, action to recover on, (I. case). 74
Louisiana sugar crop for 1858 59................... 644
Lumber trade of Philadelphia....................... 472
44
44 of the northwest...................... 478
44
44 of Bangor................................. 354

Minatitlan, (Mexico,) commerce of.............. 214
Mineral wealth of Great B ritain......................640
Mining, manufactures, and art, journal of,
121,243,375, 493, 633, 751
Mining a thousand years ago......................... 243
Minnesota copper mines................................ 121
44
early trading in............................ 268
Mink skins, duty on, [treasury circular.]__ 745
Mississippi River, d sasters ou, for last 6 mos. 225
Mobile, commerce of..................................... 604
Money as employed by usurers, is it a mer­
chantable commodity ?............................... 327
Money, attributes of. By Chas. H. Carroll .. 19
Money, love of............................................... 397
Moral influence of a literary ta s te ................ 138
Morality of bargain-making................... .. . 268
Mormon population, statistics o f .................. 259
Mortality, causes of English.......................... 763
Mr. Carey’s letters to the President, structures
on an additional review of...........................697
Mutual insurance, statistics of....................... 611
N.

Nautical intelligence.. 105, 226, 3G1, 482, 613, 745
“
schools........................................... 613
Navigation, rule of, (law case ) ..................... 577
Navigation on nortnern frontiers.................. 744
Nebraska, salt springs of.............................. 126
Needles Rocks, England, lights o n ................ 229
Negroes, prices o f......................................... 774
Newburyport, Mass., commercial industry of 433
New Albany, Ind., commercial industry of.. 180
M.
New Bedford whaling statistics ..................216
Newfoundland, revolving light on................ 227
Maclin’s advice to his s o n ............................ 137 New Hampshire, insurance in ..................... 358
Mackerel, an enormous haul of..................... 767 New Loudon whaling statistics..................... 216
Maelstrom, the, not a myth................. ..... 266 Newspaper statistics of London................... 264
Mail steaipers for Europe, departure of, for ’59 113 New Orleans bank returns, weekly,
Majorca and Spain, lights on coast of............ 228
88, 204, 341, 400, 5S9, 724
Manufacture of different kinds of leather .. 121 New Orleans, imports of spec.e a t................ 463
Manufacturing statistics of VVilmington, Del. 246
44
exports of, for three years........ 220
Manufactures of U. States, compl’te ret’rns of 375
44
exports for seven years............ 608
44
of Cincinnati.......................... 495
44
commerce of, for 1858-9 .......... 470
Marble, staining and polishing of................. 122
“
branch mint, operations o f.... 597
Marble, manufactured, duty ou, (treas. cir.). 231
“
rates of exchange...................... 464
Marble tablets, duty on, (treasury circular,). 232
“
finances of.................................. 726
Marine insurance cos. of N. York, synopsis of 222 New York bank returns, weekly,
44 disasters for 1858............................... 361
87, 2u3, 340, 458, 51.7, 722
44 insurance cos. of N. York, statistics of 612 New York, banking law of.............................. 462
44
banks, daily averages o f .............. 462
44
44
companies of Massachusetts 481
*4
44
increased rates in. 221 44
bank dividends for J u ly ............. 206
44 losses for May..........................•......... ]06
44
savings banks, operations o f ----- 208
44
“ for June......... ........................ 363
“
insur’nce divid’ndsforlast 6 mos. 609
44 disasters on the lakes for three years. 107
44
insurance companies, synopsis of 222
Masonry in United S ta te s............................516
44
insurance capital of...................... 22 L
Massachusetts, life insurance companies in .. 103
“
fire insurance dividends............. 358
44
marine insurance companies. 481
“
life insurance cos., operations of. 360
44
semi-annual dividends........... 467
“
railways for 1858, operations o f.. 502
44
risks and losses in.................. 104
“
railroads o f .................................. 240
4*
and N. York railw’ys compar’d 621
44
city railroads, earnings o f............374
Matrimony, effect of war on.......................... 3S7
44
railroads, operations o f ............... 373
Mauritius sugar crop for two years.............. 737
44
central railroad, finances o f ........ 620
Memphis cotton statistics............................. lo I
“
and Mass. railwa>s compared . .. 621
Mercantile miscellanies,
44
foreign imports and exp..rts at,
135, 260, 388, 517, 651, 760
for each month.........82, 198, 337, 456, 5S3, 717
Mercantile law, journal of,
New York warehouse, operations of, for 3 yrs 357
71. J89, 330, 449, 575, 707
44
clearing house, oper’ns of for 6 yrs 594
Merchant vessels in time of peace, immunity
44
State&city, valuation of prop, in 348
of, trom search........................................... Ill
“
city, assessed valuation of, 2 years 263
Merchants, enlightened ............................... 393
44
condition of tenement houses in. 134
44 why they fail.................................. 521
44
progress of population in Stale of 648
44 clerk and his duties........................ 522
44
city, losses by tire in, for last 6 mos 225
Metal, manufactures of, duty on, (trea. cir.).. 112
44
sugar tra d e .................................. 479
Methuen, (Mass.,) shoe &. leather business of 491
44
iron manufactures........... ........... 494
Mexico, coinage of......................................... 347
44
tanneries in Ssate o f ................... 635
44 gulf of, new lights in...........................229 New Zealand and its commerce................... 571
Michigan, free banking in ................................ 207
44
new light at Pori Nicholson... 227
44
railroad lands.................................. 622
44
flax ........................................... 256
Milk trade of Orange county, New York.... 382
44
census o f .................................. 765
44 measure of Massachusetts..................... 203
44
tariff of..................................... 743
Milwaukee, (Wis..) commercial industry o f.. 310 Northumb’rland : ape, Australia, new lighten 226
44
inauulactories in......................... 319 Nova Scotia, commerce o f ............................ 99




Vll

IN D E X TO VOLUME X L I.

o.

R.

Odessa, vessels arrived at the port of, 1858.. 219 Railroad, canal, and steamboat statistics,
116,239, 371,501, 618, 747
Offer VVadharn Island, Newfoundland, light on 228
Ohio coal on Ohio canals............................. 244 Railroad axles & the forces they have to resist. 37 1
44 (N. Y. Central,) running expen. on. 374
One too many. ............................................. 136
44 ttpnnage of Pennsylvania for 1858.. 501
Opium,growth of, in China.......................... 75?
44 improvements, c ity ........................ 618
Orange county, New York,milk trade o f .... 382
44 earnings........................................... 623
Orrio de Japia Isle, Coast of Spain, light on. 4*2
44 bonds, United States........................ 240
Otto of roses, manufacture of........................ 637
44 bonds due in 1860 ........................... 619
Overland mail service to California, cost of.. 370
“
bonds for Michigan........................ 622
Oysters, consumption and value of............... 101
“
travel, 4th of July, in Philadelphia. 241
Railroads of the United S tates..................... 241
P.
“
of New York............................240, 373
44 in New York city, earnings o f ----- 874
Panama canal, the. By M. Chevalier.......... 31
44 &can’ls,our. By Hon. B. Brockway 154
Paper, capital employed in manufacture o f.. 249
44 of Connecticut................................. 117
44 manufacture of, from straw................. 122
“
(British,) statistics of....................... 239
“ shavings, duty on................................ 367
“ English restrictions on........................ 523 Railway legislation in Austria aiid Prussia.. 119
4
4
traffic,
(English.)............... .. .. 373
“ what can be done with it.................... 381
“ what is i t ................................................523 Railways of New York, 1858, operations of.. 502
4
4
and
canals,
o u r ...... ........................ 547
Parffine candles, moulding o f ........................ 637
44 in Great Britain and United States. 242
Parisian auctions: how they are conducted. 770
British
and
American................... 120
Patent-office of United States, business of, for
Rain table from 1844 to 1859......................... 384
seventeen years.....................................
26G
Patents, law o f .............................................
575Rare coins........................................................771
Pennsylvania State debt, reduction o f . . . . . . 595 Reading railroad, operations o f .................... 621
’*•
railroad tonnage for 1858........ 501 Receiver’s rights, (law case.)...........................450
Pension statistics............................................ 647 Restoring the drowned................................. 108
Peoria, Illinois, population of........................ 647 Review, historical and critical, of the different
systems of social philosophy.........403,531, 659
Peori i, Illinois, commercial industry of....... 686
Peppermint, manufacture of oil of.................. 752 Rice exports from East Indies to Europe__ 477
Peruvian guano, statistics of........................... 645 Richmond, Va., real estate assessments in,
for last three years..................................... 597
Philadelphia, bank returns, weekly,
87,204, 341, 459, 588, 723 Rio Janeiro, export of coffee fr’m, for last 4 yrs 166
. . . . 513
Philadelphia fire & marine insurance cos.,’59 610 Roll ofhonor, th e ............................
“
city railroad travel on 4lh of July 241 Rope making.................................................... 753
“
tlour received and made at........ 220 Russia, how corn is preserved in.................. 758
44
lumber trade............................... 472
S.
Photographic bank notes....................
398
Photography applied to ornamenting silk... 636
Salt inspected in N. York last two years . . . . 593
Pittsburg, bank returns, weekly,
8S, 204, 342, 460, 589, 725 Salt and salt springs in Nebraska............ .. 126
Pittsburg, coal trade o f................................. 248 San Francisco, comparative value of real es­
tate in, for nine years................................. 44
Plate glass, duty on........................................ 625
44
manuf., duty on, (trea. circular.). 232 San Fraucisco, statement of imports of lead­
ing articles at, from 1853 to 1S58 inclusive. 49
Plated-ware, castors, &c., duty o n ................ Ill
Plants upon one acre.......................................256 San Fraucisco, California, com. industry of.. 31
“
passenger arrivals at and gold
Polynesia, population and taxation o f ......... 385
export from, for nine years......................... 44
Population, statistics of,
131,257,385,511, 647, 763 San Francisco, comparative prices in, for 3 yrs 45
44
foreign trade of....................... 53
Population in State of New York, progress of 648
“
of Detroit, Michigan................... 257
“
ex. of California produce from 52
44
debt of................................... 345
“
statistics of Mormon................... 259
44
of Germany................................. 131
“
silver i n ....... ......................... 211
44
of Prussia..................................... 258
“
population o f........................... 383
Portsmouth, N. H., property valuation o f... 466 Savings banks of New York, operations of.. 208
44
British................................... 339
Portugal, reduction of postage to....................23S
Port Nicholson, New Zealand, new lightat.. 227 Seaboard of United States, extent of............ 26 1
Porto Rico, exports o f ..................................... 6;)8 Self-teaching.................................................. 523
Postal department,. ..113, 235,368, 491, 617, 742 Self-reliance................................................... 769
Postage stamps and stamped envelops—
Sewing-machines, statistics of..................... 38o
amount used and sold for three years....... 23S Sewing-machine operators, short hours for.. 52j
Postage, domestic and foreign, rates of.........368 Sewing-machines, manufacture of................ 755
“
economy in, via. overland.............. 371 Shambles Shoals, England, light vessel a t ... 22s
44 tariff of foreign, for 1859.................. 114 Shanghae, (China,) trade of.......................... 9 j
44 to Portugal, reduction o f ................ 238 Sbeep raising in California............................ 255
44 to Germany, reduction o f .............. 492
44 destruction of, by dogs....................... 383
“
stamps and stamped envelops........ 743
“ skins with the wool off, duty o n .......365
Post-office revenue for quarter March, 1859 . 491 Shipping, new system of admeasurement for 275
44
Bri ish ............................................. 235 Ship broker’s, [London,] rates for freight__ 73 t
“
packet service, [British,]................ 742 Shoe and leathe 1business of Massachusetts . 494
Power, a new................................
640 Siam, observations on present trade w ith... 445
Precipitation of m etals.......................... .. . 639 Sicily, lights on the coast of............ .......... 229
Printing in France.......................................... 525 Silk, first manufacture of, in England........... 499
Providence, bank returns, weekly,
44 exported fr’m China to foreign countries 215
89, 205, 342, 461, 591, 726 44 trade, prospectsof................................. 478
Providence insurance companies................. 104
44 photography applied in ornamenting of 636
Prussia and Deumark, lights on coast of . . . . 362
44 manufacture of, at Z urich................... 740
44 and Austria, national banks of.........349 Silver: its price and export from G. Britain. 211
44 population of.............
258
44
in San Francisco............................. 211
Prussian closed mail, letters b y ................. 369
44
production of, throughout the world 267




IN D E X TO V O LU M E X L I.

Vlll

u.
Slave trade, decisions on, [law case.]............
Sleep of plants................. .............................
Undervaluation, forfeiture for, (law case) ... 74
Slipper patterns of worsted, duty on............
United States mint & Assay-office, operations of,
Smalls, England, lighthouse o n ...................
80, 194, 335, 454, 582, 714
Smoke, condensing and gasing o t................
“
mint at San Francisco, coin­
Smyrna, trade of, for .....................................
age of, for five years .......... 46
Switzerland, agriculture in .. . . . . . . . . . . • • • •
“
mint at N. O., operations o f... 597
Social philosophy, review, historical and
“
receipts and expenditures o f.. 464
critical, of the different systems of.40d, 531, 659
«
export of breadsiuffs from, for
Soil, sources of fertility i n ............................ 641
for 20 years.......................... 127
J3U
South, tobacco a t ..............• • • • *: *:; a
“
exp’t
of bread’ffs, last 12 years 599
South Carolina, population of, fr m 18UJ to oJ 649
“
wheat
trade o f ....................... 350
“
resources of ................ 210, 229
4
4
wheat
crops for 10 years..........252
South America, British trade with................ 735
“
cotton
crop for 1859................. 463
Southwest Reef, La., new lighthouse on . ... 364
«
manuf., complete returns of... 375
Spain and islands of Cuba and Porto Rico,
«
emigration
from Great Britain
regulations concerning trade w ith........... 488
and Germany to................... 511
Spain and Majorca, lights on coast of------- 228
44
railroads of............................... 241
Specie, description of, exported from New
44
an l G. Britain, railways in .... 242
York for last year................;• ;• • • • .......... 81
“
railroad bonds.......... ............... 240
Specie and interest in Paris and London---- 93
4
4
& Belgium, convention betw’n 109
“ imports at New Orleans................... 463
44
and Belgium, trade between.. 479
“ import of, in England....................... 736
44
and Brazil, trade between.— 553
Spiders, the engineering o f .......................... 770
44
commerce with Cape of Good
Split peas, duty on........................................ 367
H ope................................... 702
St. Louis, bank returns, weekly,
United Kingdom, total agricultural products _
89, 205, 342,461,590, 725
of, with average per acre 66
St. Ives’ Bay, England, new light i n ............ 226
44
imports & ex. for 5 years.. 605
St. John’s River, lighthouse at mouth of---- 363 Uruguay, redaction of postage t o ............... 492
St. Mary’s ship canal, business of................. 623 Useful lite, a.................................................... 139
Stamps and envelops, issue of....................... 370
Starting in the world..................................... 269
V.
State to State, emigration from .................... 513
Steel wire, new............................................. 123 Vegetable leather. ........................................ 379
Stereoscope, the, and forged n o te s.............. 526
44
ivory....................................... "10
Straw paper, manufacture ot........................ 122 Vessels, entry of, from foreign ports.............. 744
Success attributable to love of occupation... 394 Violin boxes, duty o n ..........
366
Sugar trade of Now York............................. 479 Virginia, tobacco inspections i n ..................... 608
44 crop of Louisiana, 1858-9 ................. . 644
44
tobacco inspections for 2 years....... 357
“ (raw,) consumption of, in Great Bri­
44 flour inspections of.......................... 356
tain and Prance.......................................... 219
44
exports o f ....................................... 334
Sugar and tobacco tax of France.................. 210
44banks, new law in regard t o .................596
44 making in Cuba................................... 245
finances of........................................ 721
44 crop of Mauritius for two years.......... 737
44 largest cargo of, ever shipped............ 762
W.
T.
Tanneries in the State of New Y ork............ 635
Tariff, the new Brazilian................................. 234
44 the new China.................................... 627
“ of New Zealand................................... 743
Taxing bank stock, (law case)....................... 330
Tea exported from China to foreign countries 215
44 experiments of Patent-office in growing. 252
“ export of, to United States..................... 603
Telegraph in Turkey, th e ............................... 236
Telegraphing in India.................................... 617
Tenement houses in New York, condition of 134
91
Tennessee, taxes m .
“
finances and resources of............ 727
Texas, population o f...................................... 132
Times are awful du ll...................................... 185
Timber, means of preserving........................ 123
Tobacco inspections in Virginia.................... 608
‘‘ inspections in Virginia for 2 years.. 357
44 manufactures in California.............. 498
“
at the South.................................... 130
44 culture o f ........................................ 645
“
cliemical properties........................ 754
Tonnage statistics for last 12 years................ 569
“
increase of, in United States........... 565
44
of Great Britain............................... 357
44
dues, (French,) on Am. steamers... 230
’Tooke, Thomas, obituary o f .......................... 651
Trade and commerce, statistics of,
96, 213, 350, 468, 598, 732
Traveling rugs, duty o n ................................. 626
97
Trebizond, shipping trade o f................... .
Triangular files.............................................. 756
Turkey, telegraphing in................................ 236
“ causes of decrease in population of.. 761
Turks Island, postage to................................ 115




Wages of farm la b o r..................................... 758
War, cost of.................................................... 265
Warehouse receipts, (law case)..................... 192
44
N. Y., operations of, for 3 years.. 357
Watches & plate, gold used in manuf. of----247
West India trade, new regulations in............ 365
Whale trade, growth o f ................................. 475
Whale fishery, statistics of........................... 484
Whales, new fishing ground for..................... 395
Whalers at Falkland Islands......................... 141
Whaling business, experience of a green
hand in.......................
391
44
vessels engaged in United States
fisheries, value o f............ ......... 216
“
statistics of...................................... 216
Wheat crops of United States for 10 years... 252
4* trade of G. Britain, France, &• U. S ... 350
44 price of, in England for sue. periods. .218
White color, a new ........................................ 634
Wilmington, (Del.,) population o t ................ 258
14
44 inanulact’g statistics of.. 246
Wine making in Missouri and O hio............ 130
Wire, new ste el.............................
123
Wisconsin, chief cities and towns o f ........... 649
44
valuation of property in............ 597
Wool, imports of, into Boston for 5 years.... 356
44 how to test the quality o f ................... 5!0
44 imports into Great Britain................... 217
44 exported from Australia to G. Britain. 220
Worsted manufactures, duty on..................... 624
Z.

Zollverein, revenue of...................................
44
iron i n ........................................
44
cotton imported Into..................
Zurich, manufacture of silk a t.......................

212
245
215
740