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HUNT'S

MERCHANTS’ -MAGAZINE

COMMERCI AL R E V I E W
C O N D U C T E D B Y F R E E M A N H U N T , A. M.,
M E M B E R O F T H E N E W Y O R K C H A M B E R O F C O M M E R C E ; C O R R E S P O N D IN G M E M B E R O F T H E A M E R IC A N
AN D LO N D O N S T A T IS T IC A L S O C IE T IE S ; M E M B E R OF T H E N E W Y O R K H IS T O R IC A L S O C IE T Y ;
H O N O R A R Y MEMJUf XL p F T I jr f M E R C A N T IL E L IB R A R Y A S S O C IA T IO N S O F N E W
Y O R K , » H I L 4 j >J&LEHI.‘ , BO STO N -, B A L T IM O R E , 4 C H T JS V IL L E ,
C H A R L E S T O N , ANE C C N C IN N A TI, E T C .* •

•• *

VOLUME THIRTY-FOUR.

t*r<

FROM JANUARY TO JUNE, INCLUSIVE, 1856.

JJ’ctB Uork:
PUBLISHED AT 1 4 2 FULTON-STREET.




1856.

CONTRIBUTORS
’ •/.

1

,( »

TO THE THIRTY-FOURTH VOLUME* OF THE

MERCHANTS’MAGAZINE AND COMMERCIAL REVIEW.

A bbott B rothers , Counselors-at-Law, New York.
S umner A lbee , Esq., of .the Suffolk Bar.
J . H. A llen, Esq.
^
Hon. N athan A ppleton , of Massachusetts.
E dward E. B oyle, Esq.
H. B oynton, Esq., of New York.
Hon. T homas G. Cary, of Massachusetts.^
• ••* *
* ** •
R. B. F orbes, Esq,, of Massachusetts. •
G eorg^ BrJSoi:, Esq.,
IpMlaielpliia!
t* t • * , • # • •
CaAl4LESr"W‘. F redericks®?'; Bicker, of New York.
E nock'H a'Li;, jit, Esq.,‘-of New 3fork.
T. B. H alL, Esq., of Massachusetts.
G eorge L ivermore, Esq., Merchant, of New York.
J . W. S cott, Esq., of Ohio.
Hon. F . 0. J. S mith, of Maine.
R ichard S ulley , of Indiana.
George F . T rain , Esq., of Melbourne, Australia.
E x-P resident J ohn T yler, of V irginia.
E manuel W eiss , Esq., of New York.
G eorge M. W eston, Esq., of Maine.
L. W oodruff, Esq., of Michigan.
P rofessor W urm, of Hamburg.
F reeman H unt, Editor and Proprietor.




OCT 31 1941

I N D E X TO YOLTJME XXXI Y. ,
FROM J A N X J ' J ^ f f ^ S ^ C L U S I V E , 1S56.

A.

“ EOT

Abbott Lawrence, memoir o f ....................... 659 Bank dividends, New Y ork.......................... 341
“
the man, the merchant, &
44 loan, collateral security for a ................ 218
the statesman.............. 46 44 of England, clerks and salaries in......... 730
Act relating to bills of lading..... ................ 248 44 stocks, Boston, in 1855-56 ................... 213
“
44
weights & measures in La----- 374 Banks, condition of the Baltimore....... 203, 219
44
44
44
Philadelphia ... 203, 215
“
44
wrecks, British........................ 248
44 .relative to contracts made by women... 617
44
44
44
Rhode Island.......... 342
44 in N. Y. receiving bills of other States 75
44 to secure payment of int. on State bonds 601
Action to recover for merchandise bought.. 326 44 liabilities and resources of Boston,
79, 203, 329, 457, 585
Africa,' commerce of, with U. States............ 606
Agents, liability o f ........................................ 452 44 of circulation....................................... 344.
44 of Kentucky, condition o f ................... 466
Agricultural fairs at Paris............................. 378
“
productions of U. States.......... 253
44 of Massachusetts, condition o f ........... 215
46
resources of California............ 379
44 of N. Orleans, condition of................... 473
44 of Portland, condition o f .................... 344
44
statistics of Scotland................ 381
“
statistics of Massachusetts........ 752
44 of South Carolina in 1855.................... 337
Agriculture, statistics of. 118,253,378,502,624,752
44 of United States, condition of............ 212
44 savings, in Massachusetts.................... 217
Alabama, finances o f ....................
211
Albany & Bangor, lumber.trade o f.............. 362
44 weekly average of New York city,
78, 202, 329, 457, 584, 713
Alexander llenry, biography o f................... 36
America & Europe, st’rn communicat’n betw. 372 44 weekly average of Boston,
American copper..........................................260
79, 202, 329, 457,584, 713
44
mercantile biography.................... 389 Barbadoes, W. I., light on Needham P oint.. 110
44
merchant in Melbourne, a n ........... 393 Barnstable merchants in New York.............. 644
“
merchants, lives o f.. 272, 316, 514, 568 Beverage, coffee leaf as a .............................. 137
44
railroads, present and future o f... 367 Belfast, Ireland, tonnage o f .......................... 607
“
seamen in U. States................. .
384 Belgium, commerce of, with U. S tates....... . 604
44
tobacco in Europe.......................... 626 Bell’s Commercial College at Chicago.. . . . . . 264
w wool, the quality of........................ 256 Bills of lading, British law relating t o ......... 248
Ames’ shovel manufactory............................ 128 Biography, mercantile: Alexander Henry... 36
Ancient banking........................................... 724 nook trade............ . 139, 267,395,523, 651, 776
Anthracite coal trade of U. States................ 258 Boots and shoes, invention of....................... 388
Application of voluntary payments, the . . . . 66 Boston, alien passengers arrived at, in 1855. 251
Arabia, commerce with Egypt an d ...............’560
44 and New York stock m arkets..........465
44 bank capital and dividends.............. 598
Arizona copper mines, the....................
759
Armed neutrality, Russia & principles of Ihe 275
44
44 stocks in 1855-56 ................... 213
Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company, the .. . 491
44 Board of Trade, th e .......................... 261
44 Calcutta trade o f .............................. 133
44 steamships, passages of.................... 240
44 comparative imports a t.................... 204
44 shortest passage across.................... 751
Australia, commerce and resources o f ......... 416
44 insurance companies....................... 489
44 population o f.................................. 421
44
44
4k
condition of... 612
44
44
44
in 1855-56........ 234
“
the trees and woods of................... 260
44
liabilities and resources of banks in,
w yield of gold fields o f ..................... 388
79, 203, 329, 457, 585
Austria, commerce and industry of.............. 557
44 manuf. stocks in, in 1855-56 ............ 259
44
44
of, with U.States.......... 605
44 New England railroad stocks i n -----368
44 financial condition of......................... 472
44 ship building in, in 1855................... 127
Austrian tariff, modification o f .................... 746
44 stocks in 1855, dividends o n ... .
213
II.
44 receipts for duties at.......................... 719
4
4
banks,
weekly
averages
of,
Baltimore & Charleston, growth of, compar’d 137
79, 202, 329, 457, 584, 713
“ comparative imports a t .................. 204
44
condition of banks of............ 203, 219 Bramble’s automaton for weighing grain---- 504
44 houses in.......................................... 384 Breakwater light at Portland refuge harbor.. I ll
Bangor and Albany, lumber trade of........... 362 Bremen steamers, passages of....................... 242
u population of...................................... 56? Bricks, glass faced and grooved................... 129
Banker, fortune of a g reat............................ 394 British empire, mercantile marine o f...........232
Bankers, integrity of London....................... 104
44 law relating to bills of lading...........248
4* responsibility of............................... 104
44
44
wrecks....................... 248
Banking, currency and finance journal of,
44 merchant, character of the................ 773
99, 208, 337, 465, 593, 721
44 system of railroads, the .................. 622
44
department of State of N. York. . . . 338 Brokers, duty of, on making a contract.........582
44
in New South Wales........................ 729 Business, generosity i n ................................. 644
44
in Virginia........................................ 594
4k how to ruin a neighbor’s................ 648
44
law, the free, in Tennessee amend’d 726
44
life, the courtesies of...................... 649
44
money and.....................................'. 185 Buffalo, the greatest grain market in the
44
system, the N. Y., brief sketch of . 34u
w orld.......................................................... 754
Bank bills, for preventing the alteration of.. 219 Buskar light, Winga Sound, Sweden........... 610




IV

INDEX TO VOLUME XXXIV.
C.

Calcutta trade of Boston............................... 133 Coolie trade, t h e ........................................... 649
California, agricultural resources of.............. 379 Copartnership, decisions on law o f .............. 199 '
44
early gold discoveries in................ 631 Copper mines of Tennessee.......................... 512
44
44 the Lake Superior.................. 507
“
quicksilver mines o f ..................... 513
44 the American................................... 260
44
Oregon, & Washington, letters for 740
Canada and the N. Y. Chamber of Comm’ce 314 Cotton and hemp of Japan............................ 120
44 economy or waste in the culture of.. 624
“ postage............................................... 616
44 gin, the............................................... 511
Canal commerce of Oswego.......................... 247
44 imports of, into U. States.................. 206
Cape Elizabeth and Wood island lighthouse. 481
44 manufactures in U. S tates................ 511
44 Florida, lighthouse a t ..................... .... 610
44 trade and consumption in England.. 732
w La Plata, fixed light at, N. coast of Spain ] i ]
44 Pembroke, fixed light a t ....................... 735 Courtown Cays—Mosquito Coast................. 480
44 St. Bias, Florida, lighthouse a t ....... .. 432 Credit Mobilier in Europe, the...................... 219
44 Shablah, fixed light a t .......................... 735 Cuba, greatest sugar plantation in ................ 754
Carlisle Bay, light on Needham Point.......... n o Cuban commercial decrees............................ 377
Castle Pinckney beacon, Charleston harbor.. 734 Cumberland coal fields, production of th e... 386
Cattle and hogs in Ohio................................. 121 Cunard steamers, passages of........................ 241
44 market of N. York for 1855, the.........254 Currency and banking in New England....... 288
*4
44 the Philadelphia..................... 399
44
decimal, adoption of, in England.. 217
44
gold and th e ..............................
101
Census, the seventh United States................ 106
44 national, a system o f ...................... 19
Central America, commerce of, with U. S ... 605
44 of the United States, the................. 347
Ceuta, coast of Africa, light at....................... 355
44
question in Massachusetts............ 695
Character, the true m ercantile..................... 59
Chamber of Commerce, the New Y ork....... 314 Cyprus, shipping and ship-building a t ......... 387
Champagne marks or brands......................... 453
13.
Charleston & Baltimore, growth of, compar’d 137
44
bar, S. C., buoyage o f.................... 609 Daguerreotyping, progress o f ....................... 388
Chicago, Bell’s commercial college a t...........264 Dammara varnish........................................... 506
“
Board of Trade............................... 617 Debt and finances of Georgia....................... 102
44
44
of several S tates.............. 208
w Illinois, railroads centering at............ 494
•4
44
of Virginia................ 102, 208
Chili, commerce of, with U. States................606
44 of North Carolina.........................., . . . 208
China, change in the currency o f .................217
4
4
of
South
Carolina..........................
. . . . 100
44
commerce of, with U. States............ 605
44 of the city of Philadelphia................... 599
44
population of..................................... 493
4
4
of
Tennessee...........................................
210
44 export of teas from, to U. States....... 733
Chloride of lime—bleaching pow der........... 130 Delivery of goods—consignee....................... 450
Deposits
at
assay
office,
New
York,
Cincinnati Merchants’ Exchange................... 521
79, 204, 328, 458, 585, 714
44
pork packing in............................ 625
Cities, the growth of commercial................ 137 Deviation of the mariners’ compass............ 112
44
progressive growth of....................... 705 Discovery of the paper plant........................ 120
Cleveland Board of T rad e............................ 618 Dividends on stocks in Boston in 1855......... 213
44
prices of wheat a t ...........................364 Do fraudulent schemers succeed ? ................ 650
Coal trade of U. States, the anthracite......... 258 Don’t believe in advertising.......................... 135
44
regulation of, in New York.........616 Duff’s Mercantile College of Pennsylvania.. 263
“
thebitum inus............................... 633 Dunkerque roads, alteration in buoys in. . . . 353
Cochineal of commerce, culture of the........ 504 Dutch treaty with Japan................................ 742
Coffee leaf as a beverage............................... 137
E.
Collins steamers, passages of......................... 240
Commandress of a canal boat, t h e .............. 751 East India and Pacific trade.......................... 364
trade with the........................................ 689
Commerce and industry of Austria................ 557
44
and navigation of France.......... 357 Egypt and Arabia, commerce w ith .............. 560
44 the nitre lakes of................................. 513
44
44
the lakes........ 134
“
“
U. States........ 85 England, adoption of decimal currency in .. 217
a new doctrine of prize law in . . . . 73
44
and resources of Australia.........416
bank of, clerks &. salaries i n ......... 730
44
luxuries vs. necessaries o f ............ 771
cotton trade and consumption in .. 732
w
of Havana................................... 360
the commercial traveler of............ 773
44
of Russia in 1854......................... 427
the mystery of exchange on...........702
44
of the U. States__ 29, 178, 297, 441
safely of railway traveling i n ....... 246
44
44
44
statistics of.......... 220
the numerically great families in .. 252
44
44
44
in 1854-55............ 478
44
one of the curiosities o f ............. 516 English and French agriculture, statistics of. 505
44 railroads in 1854-5 .......... 621
44
the morals o f .............................. 642
law—contract—attachment................ 74
44
useful vs. luxurious..................... 650
44
with Egypt and Arabia................ 560 Erie Canal and Hudson River navigation . . . 245
Commercial affairs in Russia ....................... 518 Europe & America, st’m communicat’n betw. 372
American tobacco in ........................ 620
44
chronicle and review,
credit mobilier i n ....................... 219
76, 201, 327, 454, 582, 712 Exportsthe
, <Src., see 44 Com. Chron. &. Review
44
cities of U. S., Bangor, Me.......... 565
also
name
of place.
41
44
44 Providence, R. I . 668
F.
44
44 temperature of..................647
44
croakers...................................... 638 Families in England, the numerically great . 252
44
journalism.................................. 517 Finance, a paragraph of the language o f .... 599
44
regulations... 247, 374, 483,616, 742 Finances and debt of Georgia....................... 102
44
statistics.. 85, 220, 357, 454, 602, 731
44
44
Illinois.......................... 209
Common carriers, liability of ferrymen as .. 454
44
national, of France...................... 99
44
merchandise not luggage. 579
44 of Alabama....................................... 211
Companies, insurance, notes on..................... 232
44 of Pennsylvania.............................. 211
Coney Island, Raffles light a t......................... I ll
44 of Virginia, debt and..................... 102
Congress, franking privilege to members of.. 234 Financial condition of Austria...................... 472
Contract—consideration............................... 70
44
44 of Massachusetts................210
44
waiver of condition........................ 73
44 statistics of the nations................... 593




INDEX TO VOLUME XXXIV.

V

PA G E

Insurance on the ship Great Republic......... 125
Integrity of London bankers......................... 104
Intelligence, nautical.. 110,237, 353,480,609, 734
Interest and d e b t.......................................... 394
International steamships, the loss o f ........... 147
Invention of boots and shoes........................ 388
Ireland, census of, in 1851 ............................ 637
Iron, analysis of Lake Superior................... 387
44 model furnace for m aking................... 126
44 steamers, navigation o f ....... * ............. 759
44 trade of Scotland in 1855...................... 385
Is there native iron in A frica?..................... 635
Italy, commerce of, with U. S tates.............. 603
J.
James Johnson, biography o f ....................... 306
Japan cotton and hemp................................. 120
44 Dutch treaty with............................... 742
G.
Java, cofiee trade of, a monopoly.................. 774
Georgia, debt and finances o f.. . . .................. 102 Journal of banking, currency, and finance,
Germany, railroad management i n .............. 117
99, 208, 337, 465, 593, 721
Gimlet rangers or sugar brokers................... 519 Journal of insurance.. 122, 232, 348, 489, 612, 736
Glass-faced and grooved bricks . . ................ 129
44 of mercantile law,
Gloucester and Marblehead fisheries............ 650
70, 195,326,450,578, 710
Gold and the currency................................... 101
44 of mining and manufactures,
44 fields of Australia, yield of................... 388
125,257, 385, 506, 629, 759
“ of California, and its effects on prices . 531
K.
Goods, action on charge of obtaining wrong­
ful possession o f ........................................ 578 Kentucky, condition of banks of................... 466
Grain, exportation of, from Ottoman domin’s 247
44
foreign insurance companies in ... 615
44 production of, in Illinois................... 381
44
fraudulent assignm’t of mortg’s in 768
Grape culture and manufacture of wine . . . . 502
44
law ot; regulaiing agencies of for­
Great Britain and U. States, root crops of... 628
eign insurance companies......... 737
u
commerce of, with U. States... 602 Kieoen, or Kie Island, light at Svolvter....... 734
Great Republic, insurance on the ship ......... 125
JL.
Grundsundhplm, fixed light at.........................237
Guano, and the guano trade.......................... 430 Labor, improved condition of....................... 403
44 brief history o f ................................. 118 Lace manufacture.......................................... 125
44 imports of, into U. States................. 449 Lake Superior copper mines......................... 507
44 trade, statistics of t h e ....................... 447
4
iron, analysis of..................... 387
Guayaquil, Chili, export trade of.................. 477 Lakes, commerce and navigation of the . . . . 134
Gunfleet lighthouse, East Swin, England----482 Landlord and tenant—liquidated damages .. 711
Law, journal of mercantile,
H.
70, 195, 326, 450, 578, 710
Hamilton board of trad e .............................. 746 Law merchant, t h e .......................... 66, 189, 571
Harbor light at Nice, Mediterranean Sea... . I ll Law of copartnership, decisions on the....... 199
Harbor-masters, duties of, in N. Orleans . . . . 376 Lead mines of Missouri, production of......... 386
Havana, commerce o f ................................... 360 Lectures on mercantile law................... 553, 706
Havre steamers, passages of.......................... 243 Leeroen, fixed light o n ................................ 238
Hay crop of the U. States, value of.............. 380 Lehigh canal, opening and closing of........... 502
Ha>ti &. St. Domingo, comm’ce of, with U. S. 60G
44 region, coal product o f ..................... 258
History of guano, brief.................................. 118 Letters by ocean steamships, revenue from . 366
Hops, prices of, in Philadelphia, 1853-55.... 479
44 registered, and the franking privilege 237
Houses in Baltimore...................................... 384 Liability of innkeepers for money lost......... 198
Hudson River and Erie Canal navigation.. .. 245 Libel for material used in a ship................... 71
llumaue Society of xMassachusetts.............. 239 Light at Singapore, East Indies................... 110
44 vessel, Nantucket south shoal............ 239
Lighthouse at Cape St. Bias, Florida............ 482
44
Minot ledge................................. 112
Ice trade, t h e ......................
231
Illinois, finances and debt of.......................... 209 Lighthouses, Cape Elizabeth & Wood Island 481
44 production of grain in...................... 381 Lights on southwest coast of Norway......... 110
44 progress of population i n ...- .......... 251 Lille Blegen, fixed light on............................ 238
44
the live stock of, in 1855.......... ..
755 Litigation, the great India-rubber................. 319
Immigration at port of New York................ 251 Liverpool, Eng., the growth o f ..................... 646
Imports —see 44Comm. Chron. and Review ”
Live within your means................................. 769
Loffoden channel lights, Norway................. 734
each month ; also name of place.
Improved condition of labor......................... 403 London bankers, integrity of......................... 104
44
pig-iron trade o f .............................. 511
Incombustible wood...................................... 129
44
the Victoria dock at........................ 138
Indiana, corn crop of, in 1855 ....................... 752
India rubber litigation, the great................... 319 Louisiana, inspect’n of w’ghts & measures in 374
Innkeepers’ liability for money lost.......... .. 198
44
law of, rel. to contr’cts of women 617
44
production of sugar in................. 119
Insanity and death from intense devotion to
business...................................................... 640 Louisville as a flour market.......................... 479
Insurance companies, Boston, condition o f.. 490
chamber of commerce......... ........ 617
44
44
14
in 1855-56 . .. 234
provisions imported into.............. 476
44
44
fire, in New York........ 349
tobacco market, th e ..................... 363
44
44
in Massachusetts........ 348
trade and commerce o f ................ 474
44
44
life, in Virginia........ 736
value of imports a t....................... 475
44
44
notes on insurance and 232 Lynn, shoe trade of........................................ 130
44
company, the Atlantic mutual-----491
M.
44
44
the N. Eng. mutual life. 122
44
journal of.. 122, 233, 348, 489, 612, 736 Madagascar, trade w ith ................................. 768
.Fires, property destroyed by, in 1854-55 . . . . 233
Flashing light on Sylt Island, North Sea . . . . 481
Flax, imports of, into U. States..................... 207
Flour, compressing the bulk o f ................... 505
44 market, Louisville as a ....................... 479
Folgeroen, fixed light on............................... 238
Foo-chow, China, postage t o ........................ 741
Fort Sumter lighthouse, Charleston harbor.. 735
France, commerce and navigation o f ...........357
“
44
of, with U. States............ 603
44
national finances of.......................... 99
44
postal monopoly to be abolished in. 366
“
and Spanish American Republics,
trade between............................... 731
Franking privilege, the................................. 741
French finances aud financiers....................... 601
Furnace for making iron, the m odel............ 126




VI

INDEX TO VOLUME XXXIV.
PAG K

PAGE

Mail steamers, sailing of U. States.............. 234 Needham Point, light on, Carlisle Bay ..% ... 110
Maine, railroads of, in 1854-55 ..................... 747 New England, currency and banking in . . . . 288
44
mutual life insurance comp.. 122
Malamocco, Venice, lights a t........................ 354
44
railroad stocks in Boston . . . . 368
Man, merchant, & statesman, A. Lawrence.. 46
Manchester merchant, smuggling silks by a. 768 New Orleans, condition of banks o f ...... 473
44
duties of harbor-mastersin .... 376
Marblehead and Gloucester fisheries............ 650
Marine, mercantile, of British empire.......... 232
44
exports from....................... ... 205
44
inspection of beef & pork in ... 744
Mariners’ compass, deviation of................... 112
Mariners, notices to........................ 110,237, 353 New South Wales, banking in...................... 729
Manufacture and consumption of perfumery. 260 New York bank dividends............................ 341
44
banking department of State o f.. 338
44
the lace.— .............................. 125
Manufacturing stocks in Boston in 1855-56.. 259
44
banks in State of, receiving bills
Manufactory, Ames’ shovel........................... 128
of other States.......................... 75
Massachusetts, population of.................... 105
44
Barnstable merchants in.............. 644
44
white population of.......... 106
44
brief sketch of banking system of 340
44
colored population o f ....... 107
44
cauals, trade and commerce of... 369
44
nativity of population o f - 107
44
canals, rates ol tolls o n ........ ... 748
44
progress of population in . . . . 252
44
cash duties received at port of,
80, 204, 332, 462,589, 718
44
condition of bauks o f ........215
44
financial condition of........ 210
44
chamber of commerce on our
trade with Canada....................... 314
44
humane society o f ............ 239
44
insurance companies i n ... 348
44
city banks, weekly averages of,
78, 202, 329, 457, 584, 713
44
railroads in 1855 ................
619
44
savings banks in ............... 217
44
comparative imports a t................. 204
44
stock manuf companies in .. 629
44
cotton market,
84, 265, 335, 463, 591, 774
44
the mackerel fishery o f ......362
44
what manufac. have doue for. 508
deposits at assay office of,
79, 204, 328, 458, 585, 714
44
agricultural statistics o f ... 752
44
banks o f ............................ 724
exports from ............................... 608
44
population of, 1850 and 1855. 756
44
to foreign ports,
82, 205, 331, 461, 589, 717
44 the currency question in............ 695
lire insurance companies in ..... 349
Mechanical skill, commercial value o f .........507
foreign imports at,
Mediterranean Sea, harbor light at Nice....... 111
80, 204, 329, 459, 586, 715
Melbourne, an American merchant in.......... 393
imports of dry goods at,
“
stock and share list, 1855 ............ 420
81,205,
330, 459, 587, 716
Mercantile biography, Alexander Henry....... 36
immigration at port o f ........... 251
44
44
James Johnson..............306
manufacture
of
salt
i
n ........... 509
44
44
our American.............. 389
population of cities and towns in. 382
44
character, the true................. 58
population of State of............. 249
44
failures......................................... 645
railroads in, in 1855................ 75L
44
failures in San Francisco in 1855. 470
receipts and export of specie a t.. 344
44
honesty, realization o f ...................263
regulation of coal trade in .......... 616
44
Law, Journal of,
44
of hardware dealers in 745
70, 201, 327, 454, 532, 710
ship-building in, in 1855......... 257
44
law, lectures on.................... 553, 706
the cattle market of, for 1855....... 254
44
Miscellanies,
131,261, 389,514,638, 765
tonnage at, in 1855................. 333
44 from foreign ports_____ 334
Merchandise imported into U. States, 1854-5 220
valuation of personal property in 211
44
liability of innkeepers for lost . 198
Merchant of the past and present, th e .........542 North Carolina, debt of............................. 208
44
the law............................. 66, 189, 571 Norway & Sweden, commerce of, with U. S. 604
44
lights on southwest coast of-110,237
Merchants, the mercy of................................ 645
44
and manufacturers’journal......... 51
44
44
west coast of........ 238
44
a lesson fo r................................... 642 Notices to mariners.................................110, 237
44
exchange, the Cincinnati.............. 521 Nice, harbor lights at, Mediterranean S ea... I l l
•“
Magazine, a practical patron o f.. 391 Nitre lakes of Egypt, t h e .............................. 513
44
and manufacturers, the rights of,
O.
to their trade m arks.................. 710
Mexican su?ar, 3 n e w ...................................381 Ocean steamships, revenue from letters b y .. 366
44tariff of January 1,1856.......................... 483 Ochlockonec shoal, Florida, bell boat a t,.... 611
44custom-house ordinance........................ 746 Ohio banks, notes of circulation issued by... 595
44 condition of the banks of.....................600
Midlholmen, fixed light o n .......................... 278
Mining and Manufactures, Journal of,
44 hogs and cattle in.................................. 121
125, 257, 385, 506, 629, 759
44 rates of taxation in cities and towns of. 596
Minot Ledge lighthouse................................. 112 44 increase of cattle i n ............................. 753
Misdescription—sale of property.................. 327 Oland, shoal off the north end of................. 355
Missouri, production of lead mines o f ......... 386 Olinda, coast of Brazil, white buoy off.........356
44
payment of int. on State bonds of. 601 Onondaga salt springs, salt inspected a t.......509
Money and banking...................................... 185 Oregon, Washington, &. California, letters for 740
44 independence the chief value o f..... 770 Oswego, canal commerce of.......................... 247
Mortgages, first and second............................ 195 Ottoman dominions, export of grain from ... 247
Mutual life insurance company, the N. Eng.. 122 Oxyd of copper............................................. 387
Oziers, or basket willow, cultivation o f ....... 503
N.
V
p.
Nantucket south shoal light vessel.............. 239
National currency, a system o f ..................... 19 Pacific trade, the East India and................... 364
44
finances of France.......................... 99 Paper plant, discovery of t h e ....................... 120
Nations, financial statistics of the.................. 593 Paris, agricultural lairs at.............................. 378
Nautical intellgence.. 110,237,353, 480,609, 734
44 bourse, speculation in the..................... 470
Navigation and commerce of the lakes........ 134 Passages of Atlantic steamships................... 210
44
Collins & Cunard ste’m’rs comp. 244
44
44
44 U. States.. 85
44
of Hudson River and Erie Canal. 245 Passengers, alien, arrived at Boston in 1855.. 251




INDEX TO VOLUME XXXIV.

V ll

Pennsylvania, Duff’s mercantile college of... 263 Rhode Island, taxable property in................ 725
44
expenses of legislation of ... 600 Rice, exports of, from United States............ 207
Rio tie Janeiro, exports of cnffee from......... 608
u
finances o f ........................... 211
44
population of................• • • • • 636 Rivers, steamboats on western and southern. 117
44
railroad and canal tolls in ... . 368 Roads, common, steam carriages for -------- 113
44
soapstone.................................612 Russia, and principles of armed neutrality .. 275
commerce of, with United States.... 605
Perfumery, manufacture and coDSumpt’n of. 260
18
commercial affairs in .
Personal property in N. York, valuation of.. 211
foreign commerce of, in 1854........... 427
Peru, commerce of, with U. States................606
494
population of towns of.................
Philadelphia cattle market..................... 380
restrictions on foreign merchants in. 769
44
comparative imports a t ...... 204
44
condition of banks of....... 203, 215
S.
44
debt of city of..................... 509
Salamis roads and Port Peiraeus, light for . . . 611
44
flour mills of...................... 635
44
prices of hops in, in 1853-55. . 479 Sale of property—misdescription................. 327
44
railroad stocks held by....... 500
Salt, manufacture of, in New York.............. 509
44
merchant, brief biography of.. 767 Samuel Appleton, tablet to the memory of.. 264
Pig-iron trade of London............................. 511 Sandwich Islands, commerce of, with U. S .. 607
Pilotage, claim for extra allowance of.......... 453 San Francisco, arrival of shipping at.......... - 357
mercantile failures in, 1855 .. 470
Pittsburg, steel manufacture of..................... 388
mint, coinage of.................... 586
Population in Illinois, progress o f ................251
44
Massachusetts, progress o f... . 252
operations of mint of............ 472
taxable property in................ 347
44
of China................................. 493
U. States branch mint a t . . . . 218
44
of cities & towns in N. V. in ’55. 382
44
of Massachusetts................... 105
Sardinia, commerce of, with U. States......... 604
44
of State of New York in 1855... 249 Savings banks in Massachusetts..................... 217
44
of towns in R ussia..................494
Schuylkill region, coal product of................. 258
44 of Wisconsin, 1850 and 1855. 493
Scotland, agricultural statistics o f ................381
44
statistics of. 105,249,382,492,636, 756
44
iron trade of, in 1855 ..................... 385
44
white, of free and slave States... 492 Sea sickness, a liquid for preventing............ 3%
Portland, condition of banks o f ....... ........... 344 Seas, dangers of the, and possible remedies.. 549
44
refuge harbor, breakwater light at. I ll Shambles shoals, th e .................................... 112
Port Louis, Mauritius, lights at..................... 609 Shanghai, China, trade of............................... 393
Portugal, commerce of, with U. States.........603 Shershel, harbor lights a t .............................. 355
Postal arrangements between S. A. and U. S. 489 Ship-building in Boston in 1855 ..................... 127
Postal Department............ 234,365,486,615, 738
44
44
New York in 1855................ 257
44 monopoly to be abolished in France.. 366
44 libel for materials used in a ................. 71
44 lien of builder upon —maritime law.. . 74
44 regulations for 1856............................. 234
Postmasters, instructions to.......................... 486 Ships’ cabin, patent table for........................ 514
Post-office department, the U. States............ 365
44 and goods, regulations for surveys of.. 580
Present and future of American railroads... 367 Shipping and ship-building at Cyprus.......... 387
Principles and effects not patentable . . . . . .
Shoe trade of Lynn......................................... 130
Prize law in England, a new doctrine of . . . . 73 Short weight star candles............................. 632
Production of the Cumberland coal fields.^. 386 Should the Usury Laws be repealed............. 310
Property destroyed by fires in 1854 and 1855. 233 Shovel manufactory, A m es.......................... 128
44
taxable, in San Francisco................ 347 Sicilies, the two, commerce of, with U. S .... 604
Public debt of United Stales...........................343 Silk, imports of. into United States.............. 206
Purchase of U. S. stocks by government....... 103 Singapore E. 1., light at............................... 110
Smuggled boots, watches, and lace.............. 647
SocieLe generale de credit mobilier............ 467
Quality of American wool, t h e ................... 256 S. Amer. &. U. S., postal arrangem’ts betw’n. 489
Quarantine laws of Venezuela....................... 485 South Carolina, debt o f.................................. 100
Quicksilver mines of California................... 513
44
the banks of, in 1855....... .. 337
Southern commercial convention................ 392
R.
Southern trade, some suggestions on............ 522
Raffles light at Coney Island.......................... Ill Southwest pass, bell boat off........................ 612
Railroad accidents in 1855.............................. 373 Spain, commerce of with U. S tates.............. 603
44
and canal tolls in Pennsylvania----368 Spain, north coast, fixed light at C. La Plata. I ll
44
canal, and steamboat statistics,
Spanish Amer. Republics and France, trade
113, 240, 367, 494, 618, 747
between...................................................... 731
44
management, cost of....................... 621 Spafford’s self-adjusting signal....................... 374
44
44
in Germany................ 117 Specie, receipts and exports of, at N. York.. 344
44
44
in U. States.................682 Stang-holm, fixed light o n ...............................356
44
stocks held by Philadelphia...........500 State of New York, population o f................ 249
44
stocks, N. England, in Boston....... 368 States, debt and finances of several.............. 208
Railroads centering at Chicago, Illinois......494 States, population, &c., of several................ 343
44
in New York in 1855
............ 751 Statistics of agriculture, 118,253,378,502,624, 752
44
in Maine in 1854-55 ..................... 747
44
of population, 105,249,382,492, 636,756
44
in United States.............................. 245 Stavaernso, fixed light on............................... 354
44
of Wisconsin................................... 618 Steamboat accidents in 1855.......................... 373
44
present and future ofAmerican.. 367 Steamboat disasters on W'estern w aters....... 369
Railway traveling in England, safety of....... 246 Steamboats on Western and Southern rivers. 117
Railways, liabilities of................................... 712 Steam-carriages for common roads............... 113
Ratblin-o-Birne flashing light........................ 481 Steam navigation, statistics of......................... 501
44
lighthouse, Ireland.............. 480 Steamships, the loss of internalional............ 147
Real and personal property in R. Island.......725 Steel manufacture of Pittsburg .............. .
388
Receipt, general theory of the....................... 573 Sterling exchange, the par of........................ 345
Receipts, sealed............................................. 191 St. Louis, increase of trade of, in 1855.......... 361
44
—uses of the receipt..................... 571 Stock markets, the Boston and New York ... 465
Regulations,commercial.. 247,374,483,616, 742 Sugar, a new Mexican .............. .................. 381
Responsibility of bankers............................ 104
44 brokers, or gimlet rangers................. 519
Rhode Island banks, condition of................. 342
44 production of, in Louisiana............... 119




v iii

INDEX TO VOLUME XXXIV.
PA G E

page

Sylt Island, North Sea, flashing light o n ........481 United States, vessels built in the................•• 98
“
and Gt. Britain registration of
System of national currency.......................... 19
letters between................... 738
T.
“
cultivation of the olive in........ 755
Tablet to the memory of Samuel Appleton, a 264
“
export of leas from China to .. 733
Taxation, rates of, in cities and towns of Ohio 596
“
mint, change in for’gn coins at 728
Tea, how it is adulterated.............................. 138
“
operations of mint of, for 1855. 721
Telegraph lines, progress of, in the world__ 750
“
railroad management in .......... 682
Tennessee, debt of.......................................... 210
“
commerce of, with G. Britain. 602
“
the copper mines o f ................... 512
“
“ with France----- 603
“
free banking law of, amended... 726
“
44 with Spain........ 603
“ The power of integrity.” . .......................... 136
“
44 with Portugal.. 603
The way import duties w ork.........................521
“
“ with Italy.............603
Tobacco, American, in Europe..................... 626
“
“ with Sardinia.. 604
“
exports of, from U. States.............. 207
“
“ with two Sicilies 604
“
market, the Louisville................... 363
“
“ with N.&Sw’dn 604
Trade and commerce of Louisville............... 474
“
“ with Belgium .. 604
“ and commerce of New York canals... 369
“
M
with Austria and
“ of Shanghai, China .............................. 393
possessions.. 605
“ of United States, indirect ....................227
“
“ with Russia.... 605
“ shoe, of Lynn....................................... 130
“
“ with China___ 605
“ its trickeries and its usages................ 131
“
“ with C. America 605
“ the i c e .................................................. 231
“
“ with Turkey. .. 606
“ with the E a st....................................... 689
“
44
with Hayti and
Trader, value of civility to the.......................772
San Domingo 606
Troubridge Island, revolving light on...........482
44
44 with P eru ......... 606
True mercantile character, the....................... 58
44
44 with Africa gen. 606
Turkey, commerce of with U. States............ 606
44
44 with C hili........607
Turkey \ paper money i n ............................... 731
44
44 with Venezuela. 607
Turkish loan, profits of the............................. 452
44
44 with S. Islands. 607
Upper Jettee Range lights, N. Carolina....... 611
U.
Useful vs. luxurious commerce..................... 650
United States, agricultural productions o f... 253 Usury laws a dead letter, the........................ 342
“
American seamen in................ 384 Usury laws, should they be repealed ?........... 310
“
and Canada, postage between. 616
V.
“
and Europe, ste’mshipsbetw’n 620
«
and S. America, post’l arrange­
Vanderbilt’s steamers, passages o f ................. 243
ments between................... 489 Vanilla of commerce, t h e ............................. 755
“
animal products of................... 253 Varnish, a new g o ld ....................................... 636
“
a postal prohibition in ............ 615 Vendor and purchaser—misdescription....... 581
branch mint, San Francisco .. 218 Venezuela, commerce of, with U. S .............. 607
“
census, the seventh................. 166 Venezuela, quarantine laws of.........................485
“
commerce of the-----29,92, 178,441 Vibber-odde, fixed light a t ............................. 237
“
commerce of, with the world . 602 Victoria, arrivals at........................................ 427
“
commerce of, 1854-55 ............. 478
44 condition of banks o f ........................423
“
condition of banks i n ............. 212
44 course of exchange a t...................... 426
“
cotton manufactures of.. . . . . . 511
44 dock, London, the........................... 138
“
domestic exports of................. 86
44 monster nuggets found in............... 419
“
exports from to foreign ports . 207
44 product of gold i n ........................... 634
“
exports of cotton from, to for­
44 revenue collected a t ........................ 422
eign countries..................... 88
44 exports and imports of.................... 733
“
exports of foreign merchandise 89 Virginia, banking in........................................ 594
“
exports of rice and tobacco.... 207
44 debt and finances o f .......................... 208
“
exports of, to each for’gn c’ntry 87
44 funded debt of, 1852 ....................... 209
“
foreign population of, in 1850. 109
44
hypothecated bonds................ ... 346
“
foreign vessels enter’d & cle’rd 92
44 lile insurance companies in ........... 736
“
imports of foreign mdse. into. 90 Voluntary payments, the application of......... 66
“
imports of cotton in................. 206
W.
“
imports of flax in.................... 207
“
imports of silk i n .................... 206 Waiver of condition—contract..................... 73
“
imports of wool in ................... 206 Washington, Oregon, and Cal., letters for . . . . 740
“
imports of guano into............. 449 Weekly averages of New York city banks,
“
indirect tra^e o f ...................... 227
78, 202, 329, 457, 584
“
lands cultivated in................... 176 Western waters, steamboat disasters on....... 369
“
mail steamers, sailing of............234 When are bank-notes at par ? ........................ 346
“
maple sugar crop of................. 505 Wilmington, N. C., exports of, 1854-55......... 360
“
merch’ndise impr’td into, ’54-5 220 Wine, duty on in bottles............................... 618
“
mint, value of silver coin a t ... 594 Wine, grape culture and manufacture of... . . 502
“
navigation and commerce of.. 85 Winding up.................................................... 711
“
navigation of the..................
94 Wisconsin, banks o f...................................... 730
“
post-office department............. 365
44
population of, 1850 and 1855 . . . . 493
“
public debt of........................... 343
“
the railroads o f............................ 618
“
purchase of stocks of, by gov. 103 Wood, incombustible..................................... 129
“
railroads in............................ 245 Woods of Australia, the trees an d ................ 260
“
statistics of commerce o f........ 220 Wool, American, the quality o f ................... 256
“
the anthracite coal trade o f . . . 258 Wool, imports of, into U. States................... 206
“
the book trade i n .................... 649 World, the largest mill in the........................ 634
“
the currency of th e ...................347 Wrecks, British law relating to..................... 248
“
ton’age of collection districts in 95 Wyoming region, coal product of....................258
“
tonnage of the......................... 97
Z.
“
value of hay crop of...................380
“
vegetable products of............... 253 Zinc paint
129