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THE
\

MERCHANTS’ MAGAZINE
• •«

AND

COMMERCIAL REVIEV.

yjsyz.
CONDUCTED BY FREEMAN HUNT,
EDITOR OF THE LIBRARY OF COMMERCE, ETC. ; CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE AMERICAN #
STATISTICAL SOCIETY J MEMBER OF THE NEW YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY ; HONOR­
ARY MEMBER OF THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATIONS OF NEW YORK,




FROM JUJLY, TO DECEM BER, 1846.

N EW -YO R K :
PU BLISH ED A T 142 FU LT O N -ST R E E T .
1 8 4 6.

CONTRIBUTORSTO THE

FIFTEENTH VOLUME OF THE MERCHANTS’ MAGAZINE.
J. K . A n g e l l , E sq., of Rhode Island, author of several standard
Law Works.
Rev. J. N . B ellow s , of Massachusetts.
J. E . B lo o m field , E sq ., of N ew Jersey.
Hon. T homas G. C a r y , Merchant, of Massachusetts.
C a l v in C olton , E sq ., author ofthe “ Life and Times of Henry C lay .”
P e t e r C l a r k , E sq ., of N ew York.
Gen. II. A. S. D eaiVj^ kn, o f Massachusetts, author of a “ Memoir
of the Commerce and Navigation of the Black Sea, & c.”
E . H a sk et D er b y , E sq ., of Massachusetts.
I srael D il l e , E sq., of Ohio.
F rancis O. D orr , E sq ., of N ew York.
Y . M. D r a k e , E sq ., of N ew Jersey.
G eo rg e G ordon , F. S. S., late of London, England.
A b ij a ii I ngraham , M. D., of N ew York.
J ohn B. J e r v is , E sq., Civil Engineer, of N ew York.
T homas P r e n t ic e K e t t e l l , E sq ., of N ew York.
J ames H. L anm an , E sq ., author of the “ History of Michigan.”
C h a rle s L anm an , E sq., of N ew York, author of,“ Essays for Sum­
mer Hours.”
,. .*; •
1 '
Prof. C. F. McC ay . of th«| ^diversity bf Georgia.
A .-N ash, E sq., of N ew York.
• 4 • *•
Hon. Judge B. F. P o r ter , o f .Alahajrfia. • "*
H e n r y G. R ic e , E sq ., Merchant, ^.M assachusetts.
J unius S m it h , E sq ., of N ew VprJki ‘ 1
Prof. J. L. T e l l k a m pf , LL. D., of Columbia College, N ew York.
F rancis H. U pt o n , E sq ., of N ew York.
G eo rge A tk in so n W ard , A. M., Merchant, of N ew York.
Hon. F. W h it t l e s e y , of N ew York ; and
F r e e m a n H u n t , sole Editor and Proprietor, etc.
03” The names of the contributors are appended to the titles of the several articles, in
the table of contents on the first page of each number, except such as have been prepared
or adopted by the Editor.




^

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IIDEI.


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
Federal
. Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.

A.
B.
A ction to recover amount o f clearance bond,.'. 289 Bacon exported at New Orleans, 1845-6,............ 406
Administration o f Railroads of M assachusetts... 234
“
trade in, at St. L ouis,........................
165
Advertising Liabilities,............................................. 487 Bahia, diamond mines in............................
600
African Slave T rade.................................................. 110 Baltimore, price of Floury W heat and Corn in,
Affreightment, contract of,....................................... 290
1839 to 1846,......................................... 214
Agency, London Commercial,.............................. 522
“
Flour, inspection of, 1840 to 1 8 4 6 ,... 412
mercantile library' association................ 618
A gricultural products cons’d by Mat’eawan Co., 372
372 Bank Michigan, S tate................................... . . . 314
281
“ of England, leading features of...........
“
weekly returns,................ . . . 422
.. 20
“
9
securities and deposits. . . . . . . . 588
“
L u c c a ,.. 22
213
“ Merchants’, and John Randolph........
174 “ action,......................... .......................... . . . 485
Alkali, manufacture, improvements i n ..........4 .. .601
“ of New York dividends, 1845-6..........
Almaden, Silver Mines o f - .- ..........................
» immed. means &l liabilities, 392
316
“
America, Love o f money in ,.............................. 218 Banking, Currency and Finance, Journal of, 100,
American Commerce, opening for extension of,.. 137 j
202, 419, 312, 615
Comoro Island, Abyssinia,............................. 138
“
Company, Georgia,..................................510
Caravan trade at Berberah, Persia, Burmah,
j
“
Establishments, Foreign......................... 419
Cochin C hina,...............................................139 Bankruptcy,................................................................ 186
Indian Archipelago,.........................................140 Banks' Strait, Light in................................... . . . . . . 311
J a p a n ,............................................................... 141 i Banks of New Orleans paying specie............... . i . 86
o f Boston, dividends 1844 to 1846 .............. 491
American Iron and Steel M an u factu re* .... ..v . 213
“
Land Company, B ritis h ,.....................421 “ in Ohio, movements o f ......................... ..... 102
“ of the S tate of New Y ork.......................... 312
“
Institute, N ineteenth A nnual F air,.. .514
“
“
Comptroller’s Report. 206
“
W hale Ship, first in England,...............I l l
“ of New York, go.vernm’t depositsin, 1846.. 595
“
Poultry,first importation into England, 112
“
“
condition
of, 1846................ 596
“
Manufactures in Russia,.........................107
insolvent under safety fund law ..;............ 313
“
A tlantic Mail Steamers,....................... 51 “
“
for Saving at Lowell, deposits 1841 to ’45, 212
“
increase of commercial intercourse be­
tween American and German States, 51 Barques, brigs, &c., arrivals at N. Orleans ’44-46. 409
“
Amount o f appropriation by Congress, 51 Beel exported from New Orleans in 1845-46.... 406
“ trade in St. Louis............................................... 165
“
Effect of, C o m m erce,.............................53
“ law of inspection......................................
185
“
Import of produce into the Zollverein
States, 1843-4,.................................... 54 Belgium, treaty w ith F ran ce................................. 94
“
commerce with F rance,............................I l l
“
duty on, Tobacco in Germany,............ 54
“
Railroads, receipts per day, 1838 3 9 ... 247
“
Consumption o f Tobacco in Germany, 54
“
Duty on, Tobacco in France&England 54 Benevolent Chinese Merchant................................. 521
“
Report o f Post Master G eneral,........... 56 Berberah, caravan trade a t .......................................139
“
Tobacco Crop of O hio,......................... 58 Berlin in Prussia, population o f ...............................104
Bermuda, Light-house on southern point............ 96
“
Exports to France, Netherlands, and
“
L ight........................................................ 311
Hanse T ow ns,................................... 58
Berkshire and Hudson R ailroad.............................. 325
“
Imports and Exports from and into
Ports beyond Cape of Good Hope,. 480 Bills of Exchange,...........................................- . . . 186
“
Pottery m anuf’g co., Jersey C ity.........59' Bills at New Orleans, rates of......................... 86, 485
Anecdote of Edinburgh Merchant,..........................522 Biography, naval and military,............................... 446
“
o f Com. John Drake Sloat,..................446
Aqueduct, Croton, Finances of,............................. 315
Archipelago, Indian,................................................. 140 Blockade, decision in case of Brig Nayade..........486
Architecture, N aval,.................................................435 Bombay cotton trade, decline of........ ................ 607
Aromatique Vegetable Distillations,....................... 417
“ shipments cotton, 1843-46........................... 607
Arno, Navigation of th e ......................................... 26
“ cotton deliveries from Canton, 1843-45.. 608
Asia, tonnage and commerce employed with, via
Book Trade,..................... 122, 221, 332, 427, 523, 619
the Pacific,.......................................................479 Bordeaux, Bank o f ....................................................419
Association, Montreal Free T rade,..........................220 Boston British Mail Steamers to Liverpool..........320
Assumpsit, action of,............................................... 82
“
Bank dividends, 1844 to 1846,................... 491
Attachm ent of property in Louisiana, on mesne
“
Mercantile Library Lectures,...................... 436
process,............................................... 73
“
W ealthy men o f.............................................424
Atlantic, the new S tea m b o at,............................... 323 “
export of cotton goods in 1845-46,.............. 520
“
progress of population in ...............................211
Atlantic, Railroad from, to the P acific,............47’
commercial industry of.............................. 35
Auctioneers and their sureties,............................... 187 “
“
vessels, ton. S crew s ent’d andel’d ’26-45 36
Austrian Monarchy, population of th e..................211

4

INDEX.

Boston, foreign vessels arrived and cl’d, 1840-45. 37 Buffalo robes furnished by the western fur trade, 217
“
arrivals and clearances, exclusive of Brit­
“
breadstuff's received from.......................... 298
ish mail steamers, 1840-5.................... 37
“
receipts and shipments o f produce, ’44-45 353
“
comparative tonnage of Boston, Massa­
Buoyage on the East coast,.................................. 95
chusetts; and the United States, ’25-45 38
“
o f the Gull Stream ..................................... 96
“
comparative imports, exports and reve­
Business men, maxims for....................................... 482
nue of Boston and U. S. 1824-45....
C.
“
relative per centage o f all the commerce
Ca b les , manufactured at M anilla,......................... 317
of U. S. belonging to Boston & Mass.,
Camden whip factory,...............................................418
voyages of British mail stehmers, ’40 45.
Canada, imports from................................................ 309
revenue o f goods imported in ’40-45___
Canadian imports,...................................................... 219
ice trade in ’45-6.........................................
“
Economist,................................................. 220
export o f domestic cotton, 1845-6............ 40
. ,,
...
r
| Canal, railr’d and steamb’t statistics, C09,508,209, 414
banks, condition of, at different periods,.41,421,,
. . n
• C1IM’ „ „ „
■
....
’ Canals, tolls on N. Y., and Penn. 1845-46........... 490
„„„
insnranc.fi companies, condition o f ......... 421.,
Candle manufactory, sperm, Jersev C ity ,..............598
risks and
— 1.x,-~s o f insurance comp. ’38-45 42 „ .
, ,
«... ,
„„„
fires in,
in isss-ifi
40 Canton, deliveries o f Bombay cotton, 1843-4j .. . 605
fires
18
Carriers, by sea,.......................................................... 556
fire and marine mutual insurance, 1845.. 43
,
,
“
by land, law ,............................................. 267
savings banks,.............................................
(Caravan trade in Berberah,..................................... 139
transactions in real estate, 1836-45.......... 441,
^ 1Casco Brig,....................................
290
railroads leading from
j Cast iron, first manufac. in Michigan,................... 212
valuation of real and pers’l estate, 1800-45 46
.. , , . iooo 4 c
__ Carbonates o f the alkaline earths,......................... 174
city debt, 1823-45 ..................................... 48; „
. . ..
..
- . . .
...
ICauses ot failure among men o f business,............ 266
proportion o f state tax paid by................. 49;
„
°
, ..
.
... Census of London,................................................... 103
aggregate population, etc.......................... 49:
(Chances
of
success
in
mercantile
life,.
. 475
comparative receipt of taxes from, and
other towns,............................................ 50 Cheese’ exported from the U. S. 1844-45,.............. 21G
Braider, Tuscan stra w ’............................................. 319 Chinese merchant, benevolent,................................. 521
Brazos Santiago, longitude o f............................... 507 China, export of tens from,........................................215
Brazilian port, anchorage duties............................ 614 Chinese opium trade,...............................................522
Charter party,............................................................ 290
Breadstuff’s received from Buffalo, Oswego and
289
New Orleans, 1845-46,...................... 298! Charles W illiam, American ship.
517
“
production and export of................... 575 Charlesto“ . shipping of,
British Empire, vessels,ton. men empl’d 1820-43. n 7 | c “ “st|o P"‘ash
........................................ 175
“
custom dutiesin India............................... 10g Chicago, collection district of,................................ 310
“
merchant seam en ....................................... -j j q ' Chapters from the experience o f a m erchant.... 339
“
marine society,........................................... 96 Chemistry applied to commerce,........................... 171
83
“
packet services, expenses of...................... gg Check memorandum,.............................................
“
exports, declared value of, 1844-6............. 188 Cincinnati steamboat tonnage, 1844,................... 345
“
import of raw materials,1844-6.................. 1891
“
distances between it and N orfolk,... 287
330
“
adm iralty court,.......................................... 289
“
Mercantile Library rooms,
freight ou flour to St. L o u is,....
335
“
railways, statistics of.....................................248
“
imports and exports, 1845-46,...
519
“
government revenue and disb’ts, ’45-46.. 315
366
** statistics of the cotton trade......................... 112 Claims for French spoliations,.....................
“
trade and commerce, statistics of................116 Clearance bond,.......................................................... 289
Cholera, deaths by, in New York C ity...................160
“
Irish produce and manufactures export­
ed 1827-44.............................................. 118 Coal, product of, in the several states o f Europe,. 515
“ mines of Prussia,............................................. 316
“
siik goods exported from the United King­
dom, declared value of, 1826-45........ 120 “ trade, British,................................................... 121
“
export of woollen goods,.............................121
“ rates of toll, &c., Reading & Phil. R. R .,. 99
“
“
first quarter, ’46121
“ product of, in Virginia and Penn.,..............286
“
coal trade........................................................ 121 Cochin C hina,.............................................................139
Coins, foreign, value in the United States,.. . . . 100
“
American provinces, merchandise draw ­
back upon............................................... 398 Coinage of the U. S. Mint and branches,..............202
“
commercial marine, from 1821-45,............ 413
“
“
“
1793-1845,.................. 205
“
American land com pany.............................421
“ o f the Branch Mints, from 1838 to 1845,. 205
M post office returns, for 1846,....................... 422 Coffee imported into U. S. from Netherlands,___402
“
mail steamers between Liv’l and Boston. 320
li consumed in Belgium and F rance,..............426
“
voyages from 1840-46........ 320 Colonial trade, vessels and tonnage, 1832-45........ 117
“
m erchant,........................................................ 331
“
currency,................................................. .4 9 7
Broker’s commission on houses sold for an adv’e
“
wool, duty on, 1818-45,......................... 120
on mortgage,............................................... 187 Collection district of Chicago,...................................310
Brooklyn steamboat ferries....................................... 518 Commerce, extension o f American,........................137
Brussels, bank of........................................................419
“
of the world,...........................................146
Bur mail, trade w ith...................................................139
“
and trade o f St. Louis,......................... 162




5

in d e x .

Commerce
“
44
44
44
44

Cotton,comparative prices, from middling to fair, 410
14 receipts at N . Orleans, and crops in U . S., 410
14 weekly receipts into the U .S ., 1845-46,. 394
14 receipts, &c., 1844-46,............................... 395
“
estimated sales in New York, 1845-46,... 396
il monthly import into New7 York............... 396
44 exported from New Orleans, 1845-46,... 404
14 compar. ann. exports, at N . O., 1837-46,.. 406
44 press,............................................................. 331
Counterfeiting labels, etc.,....................................... 484
Counting-house o f a Hamburgh merchant,.......... 177
Cred. and debtor in Louisiana, law of. • • 71, 471, 580
44
44 legislation respecting laws o f,.. 425
Creditor’s liberality to a fraudulent debtor,.......... 218
Croton Aqueduct, finances o f ................................. 315
Cured provisions imported into the U . S tates,... 411
Currency of Sierra Leone,....................................... 574
44 banking and finance, 100,202,419,312,
497, 615
44 colonial,..................................................... 497
Customs, nett revenue of, 1839-45,......................... 119
44 receipts, 1845-46,...................................... 208
Custom duties, British, in In d ia,............................ 109
“
house bond, action to recover on,.......... 84

and progressive wealth of Boston,. • 34
of the great western lakes,................... 348
of New Orleans,..................................... 404
of New Y o rk ,........................................488
and the art of the mechanic,................. 108
o f the U . S. relative percentage be­
longing to M assachusetts,.............. 39
44
and trade, statistics of British,............. 116
44
and industry of Italy, present state of, 19
“
o f France of Belgium,........................... I l l
Commercial code of Spain, No. 2,............................555
44
law, elements of....................................... 131
44
Chrouicle& Review, 85,488,389,296,
188, 587
44
regulations,... 92,495, 398,309,194, 613
44
statistics,.......................517,326,214, 603
44
sketches of Sierra Leone,.................... 572
“
relations bet’n U. S. and Mexico, 250,310
44
code of S pain,................................... 28'
44
treaty between France and Belgium, 94
44
statistics of the U. S. Macgregor’s,.
44
interc’e bet’n Amer. and Ger.States, 51
44
industry,................................................ 35
44
value of insects..................................... HO
44
absurdity,................................................217
44
agency, London,..................................522 Deaths in New York by small-pox, etc.,........... 166
Commission brokers,...................................................187 Debt, policy o f imprisonment for......................... .. 330
44
merchants,...................................
82
of Boston, 1823-45,......................................... 48
Comoro Islands,.......................................................... 138
imprisonment for abolished in Louisiana,. • 73
Comptroller’s report on New York Banks,..........206
of the State of New Y ork,.......................... 419
C oncordia,...................................................................289
and revenue power o f European n ations,.. 505
Connecticut, productive industry of........................565 Debtor fraudulent, a creditor’s liberality to ........ 218
44
manufactures and produce of........... 106
and creditor in Louisiana,.................. • 70,, 471
44
44
in 1845,...................... 602
and creditor,................................................. 425
C ontract,...................................................................... 290 Denmark, reduction o f tariff,................................. 307
Consular service, B ritish............................................618 Deposits of the U. S. Mint, 1845,........................... 202
Convention, South-west, at Memphis,.................... 63
in Savings Banks, Lowell, 1841-45....... 212
Copper mines of Lake Superior,..............................319
United States, am ount and location,... 192
44 smelting, in the w est,.................................... 105 Devil’s Rock, W estern Islands,............................... 507
“
duty on, in Prussia....................................... 426 Diamond dust, increased demand for..................... , 418
Cordage and cables manufactured at M anilla,.. . 317
mines of S incura,................................... 600
Corn exported a t New Orleans, 1845-46,............... 406 Distillations, aromatique vegetable....................... 417
44 av. price in England and Wales, 1845-46,. • 591 Dividends, New York B ank, 1845-46,................... 492
44 in sacks, prices at New Orleans, 1842-46.... 411 Docking ships and steamboats at New O rleans,... 413
44 compar. prod, of Ky , Va., Tenn., and Md., 286 Drawback on merchandise imported into U . 6,
44 price at Baltimore, 1839-46,.......................... 214
from British American provinces,. . 298
44 duty on, 1839-45.............................................. 119
44
on foreign merchandise,........................ 399
Cotton, manufacture of, Connecticut,..................... 556 Dry dock at New7 Orleans..................................... . 413
44 manufactured in Switzerland,.....................265 Domestic products consumed by M atteawan Co. , 372
44 wool, 1841-43,.............................................. 26' Dutchess County, manufactures o f-................... . 376
44 Spanish import duties on...............................496
“
“
44
errata,.......... . 522
44 goods exported from Boston, 1845-46,.... 520 Duchy of Modena, commerce and industry of. • . 19
44 trade,...............................................................531
44 of Lucca,
44
“
“
“ • • . 21
44
44 statistics of the British,....................112
. 23
44 of Tuscany,
44
“
“
44
44 decline o f at B om bay,......................60' Duties, British Custom, in India,......................... . 109
44 Bombay, delivered from Canton, 1813-45, 608
“
on tobacco, in Ger., France and Engl’d, . 54
44 English imports, 1841-46,........................... 533
44 on foreign and colonial wool, 1818-45.. . 120
44 American consumption, 1837-46,............. 534
44 on corn, 1839-45,....................................... . 19
44 exports from United States, 1840-46,...• 537
44 on cotton, Spanish import,....................... . 496
44 culture of, in India,....................................... 112
44 on imports in Germany,........................... .. 256
44 factory in Florida,......................................... 417 Duty, ad valorem, under the British tariff,.......... . 190
“ growing, profits of......................................... 376
E.
44 manufactures imp. into U. S., 1821-45.. 327
British export of, 1844-45,. 602 Ea st I ndia C o., revenue and disb u rsem en t^^ ... 314
220
average price per pound, 1790-1814,.......... 380 [Economist, Canadian




..................

6

INDEX.

Edinburgh merchant, anecdote o f .......................
522Exports o f Virginia, 1838-40,.............
282
Education of a man o f business,............................. 381
“ and imports of Sierra Leone,...................... 573
Elements of commercial law ,................................... 131
F.
Enterprise of Massachusetts manufacturers,___ 213
F actory , cotton, in Florida,................................... 417
Endorsers,................................................................... 82
44
whip, in Cam den..................................... 418
England, revenue and expenditure o f..................... 100
Factories, wages of women in................................. 212
“
summary of savings banks in ................ 102,
trading, at Sierra Leone,........................573
44
population o f all the cities, 1841............ 103 j
Failure in business, causes o f .................................. 260
44
“
“
county towns, ’41, 104,
Fair, national, at W ashington,................................. 181
44
Yankee notions in................................ 108 j
Ferries, Brooklyn steamboat..................................... 513
“
accidents on railways, 1840-45,............. 97
Fever, yellow...............................................................160
“
reduction of National Debt of................. 313
Fieri facias, writ o f ................................................. 74
44 duty on tobacco in .................................. 54
Finance, currency and banking, 100,202,312,419,
** premium for exchange on.........................217
497, 615
44
tobacco smuggling in ,............................521 Finances o f the Croton A queduct,......................... 315
“
Bank o f .......................................... 397, 422
44
o f the United States, 1844-46,.............. 208
44 “
securities and deposits,......................588 Fire and Marine mutual insurance, Boston, 1845,. 43
44
Spanish flour in ,................................ 331 “ insurance in New Y ork,................................... 109
“
income and expenditure,..........................61G Fires in Boston, 1838-45,......................................... 42
“
and Wales, av. price of com ,.................591 Fish, Preserved, biography of..................................582
English railroads, receipts, 1843-45.................. 97, 4G0 Fisheries, M arblehead............................................... 112
Erie Canal and W estern Railroad,..........................209 Fishkill Creek manufactories,...................................376
“ Railroad.........................C...................................359 F lax manufactured in U . S., 1821-45,................... 113
44
“
transportation o f milk on ................ 210
44 compar. prod, in Va., Ky., Tenn., and Md., 286
Europe, production of coal in ..................................515 Florida cotton factory,............................................... 417
“
quotation of w heat in ............................397 Flour, Spanish, in England....................................... 331
44
tobacco business in...............................G07 44 freight from St. Louis to C incinnati,........355
“
compar. view of the commerce o f.. . . • 616
“
comparative prices at N. Orleans, 1842-46, 410
European nations, revenue and debts of................505 44 inspection at Baltimore, 1840-46,.............. 412
Experience of a m erchant,....................................... 339 44 arrival at tide water, and value at New
Exchange,................................................. 217, 485, 396
York, 1844-45,........................................... 391
Export of British silk goods, 1826-45,................... 120 44 prices of Genesee, at New Y ork,................520
“
“
woollen goods,..............................121
44 trade o f St. Louis,......................................... 164
“ British, first quarter, 1846,.......................... 121
44 price of, at Baltimore, 1839-46,.................. 214
“ o f the United States, 1790-1845,.............. 114 44 in bond, in Great Britain,............................ 88
“ of foreign mdze. from U. S. 1821-45........ 116 44 barrels of, exported from U. S., 1840-45,.. 90
“ British and Irish produce, etc., 1827-44... 118 Foreign banking establishments,............................. 419
“ from New Orleans and Mobile, 1844,.•• • 65
44 ports, passengers arr. at N. Y., 1827-45... 161
14 compar. of Boston and U. S., 1824-45,... 39
44 nations, relative naval power,......................151
“ o f teas from China,.......................................215 France, consumption of coffee in ............................426
“ o f lard and cheese from the U. S., 1844-5, 216
44 average rates o f railroad fare,....................246
“ from Great Britain to the U. S................... 219
44 duty on tobacco in...................................... 54
“ declared value of British, 1844-46,........... 188
“ exports to, 1845,.......................................... 58
44 of the port of New Y ork,.............................192
44 commercial treaty with Belgium,............. 94
“ of Cincinnati, 1845-46,............................... 519
44 commerce of, with Belgium,.......................I l l
“ value o f New Y ork..................................... 488 French islands o f St. Peter and Miquelon,........216
“ o f tobacco from Virginia,........................... 518
44 spoliations,..................................................... 366
“ from Europe and America beyond Cape
Francs and sterling in New York, 1843-46,.... 492-3
of Good Hope,.......................................... 480 Fraudulent debtor,...................................................2!8
“ of cotton goods from Boston, 1845-46,... 520 Free trade association at M ontreal,......................... 220
“ of cotton from the U . S., 1844-46 ............ 395 Freights arrived at St. Louis, 1844-45,................. 1G8
“ of “
from New Orleans, 1841-46,.... 404 Freight, rates of...........................................................396
44 of tobacco “
“
1841-46,.... 405
“
on coal, Phila. and Reading R ailro ad ,.. 99
“ of sugar,
“
1841-46,.... 405 Fulton, Robert, first voyage,.................................... 468
“ of cotton, tobacco, “
1837-46,.... 406 F ur trade, W estern,...................................................217
44 of molasses
44
1844-46,.... 406
G.
“ of flour, pork,bacon, lard, beef, lend,
whiskey, and corn, 1845-46,................ 406 G e n essee flour, prices in New Y ork....................520
“ of Ohio, 1845,.............................................. 357 Genoa, Bank of.......................................................... 419
Georgia Railroad and Banking C om pany............. 510
“ of bread-stuffs from New York,1845-46,. 392
“ o f tobacco to Great Britain,1841-45,.... 296 Georgia iron mines,................................................... 319
“ of Germany, 1844-45,.................................. 256 German Zollverein,.................................................. 255
Population in each S tate................................ 255
“ of cotton goods, 1843,................................. 257
Duties on imports.............................................. 256
“ o f wool, 1834-43............................................ 258
Imports and exports, 1844-45.......................... 256
44 o f silk goods, 1834-43,................................ 258,




INDEX.

7




.

Manufacture, export and consumption of
Imports into the United Kingdom,......................... 397
cotton goods, 1843.......................................... 257
“
of coffee from the Netherlands.................402
“
at New Orleans, inland, 1841-46............. 407
Prod’n, imp’t and exp’t o f wool, ’34-43........ 258
Import and export of silk goods....................... 258
“
cured provisions into the U. S................... 411
Germany, duty on tobacco in ................................ 54
“
raw materials, British...............................189
“
consamption of tobacco in .................... 54
“
of goods from G. Britain to U . S., 1845.190
“
import of American produce, 1843-44.. -54
“
at port of New Y ork.................................... 192
“
increase o f com’l intercourse with U.S. 51
14 comparative, of Boston and U . S . ’24-45 39
Glass, transparent and malleable,............................319
44 American produce into Germany, ’43-44 54
“
tumblers, manufacture ofpressed................418
*4 into the United States, 1790 to 1 8 4 5 .... 114
Glenham woollen factory......................................... 374
“
of Germany, duties o n ...............................256
Gobelin manufactory, French..................................107
41 and exports o f Germany, 1844-45
256
Gold, annual deposits at United States M in t.... 203
44 of wool, 1834-43,........................................ 258
Grain trade o f Great Britain.....................................216
44 of silks, 1834-43.......................................... 258
“
in bond in G reat Britain.............................. 88
“
of cotton wool, 1841-43............................. 267
44 average price of............................................ 88
“
of New York and Virginia, 1821-32 ----- 281
44 monthly export from New York, 1843-45. 89
“
into Europe and America, from places
Grand Duchy ofTuscany, com’ce and industry of 23
beyond the Cape of Good Hope..........480
Great Britain, grain in bond in ............................. 88
44 at Cincinnati, 1845-46............................... 519
“
import of tobacco from U.S. ’41-5. 29G
44 o f Sierra Leone............................................ 573
M
grain trade of....................................216 Imprisonment for debt, policy o f .............................330
“
export of goods to U. S., 1845----- 190
44
44
abolished in L o u isian a.. 73
Greenbush and Troy R ailro ad ............................. 931India, British, custom duties in ................................109
Gronskars, light-house on......................................... 201
44
culture of cotton............................... 112
Guadeloupe, Pointe-a-Petre.................................... 96 Indian A rchipelago..................................... 7 ......... 140
Gull Stream ,....................................................... 96, 507 Indian corn (see Corn)...........................................
Gunpowder, law for dealers in ............................. 92 Indian m ounds...........................................................480
Industry, manufacturing, in P isa............................ 26
H.
44
and commerce of Ita ly ........................... J9
H amburgh , Bank of................................................ 419
“
m a n u f’g, in the State o f N ew Y o rk .. 369
“
merchant in his counting-house,... 177 Insects, commercial value o f ...................................110
Hanse Towns, exports to......................................... 58 Inspection of tobacco in V irginia............................518
Hardware trade, frauds in ....................................... 425
“
beef and pork, law o f . .........................185
Harsimus curled hair & h’rcloth m anuf’y ..........598
44
flour at Baltimore, 1840-46............... 412
Hartford and New Haven R ailroad....................... 512
44
tobacco, law in L o u is ia n a .............195
Havana, department of Hydrography....................506 Institute, American, Nineteenth exhibition........514
Hemp, comparative product of Virginia, Ken­
Institution, Provident, forsavingsin Bos’n, ’29-45 43
tucky, Tennessee and M aryland........286 Insurance, m arine........................................... 586, 486
“ manufactures o f imported, into U.S. ’21-45 113
44
profits and premiums o f life....................227
Highland Mills.............................................................375
44 companies, Boston, condition o f ............ 42
Home consumption, silks entered 1814-44.. i . . . . 119
“
risks and losses o f 1838-45....... ............ 42
“
foreign silks retained for 1826-32............... 120
44 fire and marine mutual, 1845................. 43
Honduras, new light on the south point o f ......... 507
44 rights of stockholders in ........................... 585
“
new light on Island of..........................507
44 fire, New Y ork.......................................... 109
Hops and malt, concentrated extract of................319
44 life, illustrations o f ....................................424
Hort, Dr., his views on contagious diseases.. 158,159 Internal improvements o f V irginia..........................273
Hospital, marine, patients treated in 1799-45.... 161 Internal improvement............................................. 63
Hudson River steamers, speed of.......................... 99 Intervention, petition o f.. v .................................. 74
Hudson River, aggregate receipts c f lending arti­
Invention in the United States, progress o f ......... 417
cles at tide-water, 1845-46,........ 490 Ireland, savings banks in ......................................... 102
Hudson and Berkshire Railroad.............................. 325
“
produce exported, 1827-44..................... 118
Hydrography, department of, at Havana............... 506 Iron manufacture of Connecticut............................567
4
4
mines
of G eorgia.............................................319
I.
Iron and steel imported into the U. S..................... 328
I ce T rade of Boston, 1845-46.............................. 40
“
manufacture, A m erican..................213
Illinois, lead mines in ............................................... 105
Iron foundry, Jersey City.........................................598
Immigration into the United States........................210
44 manufacture of G. B ritain............................... 599
Import duties on cotton, Spanish........................... 496
Islands, western, Devil’s Rocks................................507
Imports into the United States from C a n a d a .... 309
Italy, commerce and industry o f ......................... 19
44
Canadian,.....................................................219
44
o f United States, 1821-45 ........................ 327
J.
“
cotton manufactures................................... 327 J a p a n .......................................................................... 141
“
iron and steel manufactures, 1821-33... 328 Java, production and exports o f..............................328
“
“
unmanufactured, ’21-45 . 328 Jersey City, its resources and m anufactures........ 597
“
and duties at New Y ork ........................... 393
44
iron foundry............................... ......... 598

8

INDEX.

Journal of m’ng & m anuf’s, 105,514, 316,416.212,597 Malt and hops, extract o f’ • • • ................................319
“
bank’g and currency, 100,202,312,419,497 Manilla, manufactures of cables and cordage.. . . 317
Judiciary of Louisiana........................................... 71 Manufacture o f cotton goods in Germany, 1843.. 257
“
“
Switzerland....... 265
Jury trial in Louisiana........................................... 74
11
o f wool imported into U. S. ’25-45. 326
K .
“
of silk in New England....................... 318
44
of cotton imp’d into U . S. 1821-45. 327
K e n t u c k y ,agricultural products ® f. ..................... 286
44
of iron and steel into U . S. 1821-33. 328
“
to b acco ................................................ 607
“
of wool in T urkey,............................... 317
Key, Storm, revolving light on ............................. 500
Knoll on the P ansand............................................. 95 Manufactures and mining, journal o f .. 105, 212,
316, 416, 514, 597
li.
44
and cotton-growing, profits o f ........... 376
84
“
and products o f C onnecticut.. . 565, 106
L abels , counterfeit.......................
44
British and Irish exports, 1827-44... 118
Lake Superior, mines o f .......................... ............. 105
44
o f hemp and flax imp’d in U .S. ’21-45 113
“
copper mines..................................319
“
o f silk ret’d for home cons’n . . ’26-32 120
Lake marine, its increase in 1845 .......................... 350
“
of cast iron in M ichigan......................212
Lakes, vessels employed on th e ............................. 65
“
commerce of the great w estern................348
44
American iron and steel...................... 213
“
revenue collected on the northern, ’43-45. 359
44 of Dutchess C o ...................................... 522
44 of Jersey C ity..........................................597
“
above Niagara Falls, vessels on, 1845.. •. 355
Lancaster, port of.......................................................311
44 in Tennessee...........................................598
Lard trade of St. Louis............................................. 165
44 of iron in G reat B ritain......................... 599
“ exported from United States, 1844-45........ 216 Manufacturers of Massachusetts, enterprise o f .. . 213
Law cases, m ercantile... • 585, 82, 185, 289, 384, 485 M anufacturing industry o f New York S tate........369
“ m aritim e.......................................................... 75
44
44
M ad eira....................... 20
“ o f debtor and creditor in A labam a................580
44
44
L u cca........................... 22
“
44
P isa............................... 26
44 of creditor and debtor, Louisiana.......... 70, 471
“ commercial, elements of................................. 131 Marblehead fisheries.................................................112
“ o f beef and pork inspection........................... 185 j Marine insurance.............................................. 586, 486
“ o f carriers by sea............................................... 556
“
increase of Lake, 1845 ............................. 356
Law s and regulations, quarantine......................... 152
4‘ hospital o f N . York, patients, 1799, 1845. 161
Lead mines of Illinois............................................... 107
44
society, British..................................... ...... 96
“ trade in the w est.....................
516
44
o f M adeira................................................. 20
Legal tender in U . S .................................................. 615
44
L ucca.................................................... 22
Liability, advertising................................................. 487
44
mutual insurance o f Boston, 1845 .......... 43
Libel on a charter party.............................................290 Maritime la w ............................................................. 75
Liberality to a fraudulent debtor............................ 218 Maryland tobacco.................................................... 607
Life insurance, profits and premium o f .................227 Massachusetts railroads, 1845................................ 554
“
illustrations of................................ 424
44
“
administrations of..........234
Light, Bermuda.......................................................... 311 Matteawan manufacturing company....................370
44 Island of Honduras.........................................507 Maxims foY merchants and business m en............482
44 on the Gronskars............................................ 201 Mechanic, art of th e................................................... 108
44 on Berm uda.................................................... 96 Memphis, convention a t ..................................... .. 63
44 on Stone K ey.................................................... 506 Mercantile miscellanies.. 109, 217, 330, 423, 521, 617
Lights on Banks’ S trait.............................................. 311
44
law cases........ 82,185, 289, 384, 485, 585
Liverpool and Boston mail steamers,......................320
44
library rooms o f C incinnati................. 330
44
“
“
customs, revr of. • 313
44
and naval biography....................5S2, 446
London, census of 1841............................................. 103
44
law, chances o f success in ..................475
Long Island Railroad................................................414 Merchandise imp’d into the U .S . drawback o n .. 398
Louisiana, steamboat tonnage, 1844..................... 366
“
foreign, drawback o n ........................399
“
tobacco inspection la w ......................... 195
44
imp’d, re-exp’d and cons’d, 1821-45. 115
44
law o f debtor and creditor............ 70, 471
44
foreign, re-exp’d from U.S. 1821-45.116
Lowell, am ount dep’d in savings banks, 1841-45. 212 M erchant, patron o f fine arts................................ 80
Lucca, Duchy of....................................................... 21
“
a large and liberal...................................... 331
44
population,..................................... 21
44 the British.................................................. 331
“
productions, e tc............................ 22
44 experiences o f a .........................................339
44 H amburgh....................................................177
M .
44 anecdote o f Edinburgh.............................. 522
M a c g r e o o r ’s statistics of United States............ 60
44 benevolent Chinese................................... 521
Madeira wine trade, decrease of............................. 112 M erchantable goods................................................. 83
Magnetic telegraph, extension of........................... 513 Merchants, commission............................................ 82
Mail steamers, American A tlantic.......................... 51 Merchant seamen, British........................................110
British, voyages of 1 8 4 5 . . . . . . . . . 39 Merchants’ bank, John Randolph............................103
“
“
320and business men, maxims for..............480
Merchants
M ail steam packet company, Royal....................... 509 Merchant service o f Sierra Leone..........................572




IKDEX.
Mesne process in L ouisiana...................................
Mexico, commerc’l relations with the U. S- • 250,1
Michigan, cast iron m anufacture............................5
“
state bnnk................................................ I
Milk transported on the Erie Railroad..................... i
Mines, copper, of Lake Superior................... 105,1
“ diamond, in Bahia........................................ (
“
“
o fS in cu ra..................................... f
44 iron, of Georgia............................................... J
44 silver, o f A lm aden,................................... ...
44 coal, Prussia.................................................... J
44 lead, Illinois..................................................... 1
Mineral resources of A labam a..................................5
Mining and manufactures, journal of. .105, 212,
310, 416, 514,;
Mint and branches, United States, coinage o f ... S
“
“
1793-1845.........5
Mints, U .States branch, annual coinage, ’38-’45. i
Mississippi river, vessels on......................................
Missouri, mineral regions and resources of..........
Mobile, exports from, 1844.....................................
Modena, Duchy o f..................................................
“
population and products........................
44
manufactures, etc....................................
44
commerce..................................................
Molasses exported from New Orleans, ’44 ’46 . . . l.
Monarchy of Austria, population of........................5
Money, love of, in America..................................... 5
Morals of trade......................................................... 1
Mosaic work, worsted................................................1
Mounds, Indian....................................................... 4
44
western........................................................5
Muslin, gold printed................................................... ]
N.

9

Imports from the interior, ’41-6......................407
Receipts of produce from the interior, ’46. •. 408
Arrivals of vessels in ’44-6.............................. 409
Comp, prices of middling to fair cotton, and
total crops of the United States....................410
Comparative prices o f sugar on levee, *42-6. 410
44
“
molasses,.................410
44
44
flour.........................411
44
44
mess prime p’k, ’44-6 411
44
44
com in s’ks,’4 2 -6 ... 411
Louisiana, dry dock a t ......................................413
Quantity & value o f leading articles, ’41-44. 490
Exports from ’44............................................... 65
Rec’ts of principal staples, 1844-5.................. 65
Steamboat tonnage a t..................................... 66
Banks paying speeie......................................... 86
Rates of bills a t................................................. 86
New Russian tariff.................................................... 495
New south sh o al........................................................506
New York and the railroad enterprise....................456
commerce o f ............................................. 488
prices of produce at, ’44-46 ................... 87
monthly exp’t of wheat and grain, ’43-5 89
new usury law ..........................................102
Are insurance in..................
109
death by small-pox, e tc...........................160
passengers arr’d from f ’gn ports.’27-45 161
imports and exports..................................192
quarantine regulations.............................194
taxation of.......................................... • . 219
manufacturing industry of.......................309
w heat and flour arr’d at tide w’r, ’44-5. 391
exp’t o f breadstuff's, ’45-6 ..................... 392
exports of grain from, 1844-46 .............. 595
banks, government deposits in ............ 595
44
condition o f ..................................596
imports and duties....................................393
estimated sales o f cotton..........................396
monthly import o f cotton, ’45-6............ 396
banks, immediate means and liab’s of. 392
canals, statistics o f ...................................414
44
tolls on, ’45-6 .................... 490,611
state debts................................................. 419
bank dividends, ’45-6.............................. 492
sterling and francs, ’43 6........................ 492
and Boston route, via L. I. R ailro ad .. 414
incorporated banks o f.............................. 312
and Erie R a ilro a d ....................................359
44
pay’t on stocks to May, ’4 5 .. 362
44
revenue fro m ’42-45.............. 364
and Virginia, comp, imp’ts from ’21-32 281
44
imports and exports, ’38 40. • 282
Virginia, and west, pop’n, 1790-1840.. 285
railroad legislatio n ..................................546
Virginia, and Pennsylvania agricultu­
ral products, 1840 .......................... 285
railroads, 1845........................................ 555
Niagara Falls, vessels on the lakes above, 1845.. 353
Norfolk, distances between it and C in cin n ati.. . . 287
Notes, promissory............................................... 82, 384

N ashville , steamboat tonnage, 1844 .................. 66
National Fair a t W ashington..................................181
N autical intelligence................ 506, 311, 201, 95,612
Nations in order of their commercial importance. 151
Naval force—commerce of the w orld......................146
44 a^d mercantile biography.............................. 446
44 architecture and navigation.......................... 435
44 power of foreign nations................................ 151
Navigation of the Arno............................................ 26
44
and naval architecture..............435, 539
N avy,U nited States, origin o f ................................. 147
44
44
belonging to .......................... 148
Nayade, brig............................................. - .............486
Needles, navigation through th e............................... 612
Netherlands, coffee imported from.......................... 402
New England, rntes of fares on railroads.............. 324
“
silk m anufacture....................... 318
New Haven and Hartford R a ilro a d ........................512
New Jersey rope-w alk...............................................597
New Orleans, trade and commerce o f ...................404
Receipts o f grain at, 1845-46 ......................... 594
Bread-stuffs received from ’45-46 ................... 298
Chamber o f commerce, regulation o f .............. 613
Exports of cotton, ’41-46.................................. 404
Tobacco,
44
405
Sugar,
44
405
O.
Gomp. arrivals, etc. of cotton and tob., ’37-46 406
Export of molasses, ’44-46............................... 406 O hio banks, movements o f . . . . . ..............................102
Export of flour, pork, bacon, lard, beef, lead,
public debt of, 1836-45.................................... 615
corn, whiskey, 1845-6.................................. 406
tobacco crop of......................................... 58, 607




10

INDEX.

Opium trade, Chinese...............................
Oregon treaty......................
Oswego, bread-stuffs received from, ’4 5 -6 ,.... i .
Our correspondence............ ................................

522 Provident institution for savings in Boston.......... 43
402 Provisions, cured, imported into U. S ....................411
298 Prussia, gold mines o f.............................................. 316
219
“
duty on copper in .......................................426

Q uarantine laws and regul’ns o f N . Y ork. 152,194
P acific , tonnage employed in Asiatic tra d e .. . .
“
views o f D r. Fraser................153
“
railroad from the A tlantic.....................
“
“
Dr. Vache..*..............156
Packet service* British, expenses o f .....................
“
«*
Dr. H ort.....................158
“ company, Royal mail steam ......................
Paddle-wheel, application o f s te a m .....................
R
.
Padang, pepper trade a t ...........................................
Pansand knoll........................................................... 95 Railroads , New England, fares o n ....................324
o f Mass., administration of,............ 234
Paper m anufactures................................................. 416
out of Boston, average fare, 1848,. 236
»
“
o f Connecticut....................... 568
o f France, average fare,..................246
Papal states, new tariff of....................................... 403
o f Belgium, daily rec’ts, 1838-39.. 247
Partnership................................................................. 486
Hudson and Berkshire,.....................325
Passengers arrived at New York, 1827 45.......... Itil
revenue of Western, 1840-45, 238, 243
Pea nuts, production in North Carolina............... 426
canal, and steamboat statistics,
Pearl-ash, direction for examining......................... 174
609,508,414,320,209, 97
“
amount of potash and soda in .............. 171
Long Island,....................................... 414
Pearl River steamboat tonnage, 1844.................... 66
New York and Erie.......................... 359
Paris, bank o f ........................................................... 419
legislation in New Y ork,..................546
Patent office. United States, 1845.......................... 318
Reading.............................................. 209
Pennies converted to pounds................................. 426
o
f Massachusetts, 1845,.................. 554
Pennsylvania, product of coal, 1840..................... 286
W e stern ,............................................ 209
“
canal tolls, 1845-6........................... 490
o f New York, 1845,........................ 55JF
Persia, commerce w ith ........................................... 139
Erie, transportations o f m ilk,........ 210
Personal estate in Boston, 1800-45........................ 46
Troy and Greenbush,..................... 98
Petition of intervention........................................... 74
Philadelphia and Reading............. 99
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, freight
and Banking Company o f G a .,... 510
and toll on c o a l..... .......................................... 99
Hartford and New H aven,............512
Pisa, manufacturing industry in ............. .’ ............. 26
enterprise in New Y ork,..................456
Pittsburgh, steamboat tonnage, 1844..................... 60
capacity for business,........................209
Pointe-a-Petre, Guadeloupe................................... 96
comparative cost of........................... 210
Polls in Boston, 1800-45.......................................... 46
receipts on English, 1843-5,.......... 400
“ aggregate, Massachusetts............................. 49
and canals, W estern,..................... 508
“ relative proportion to Boston....................... 49
leading from Boston,................... 40, 45
Population ofN . York, Va. and W est, 1790,1840 285
cars, warming apparatus,.............. 009
“
of the German states............................ 255
Railway
smoking
saloon,...........................................510
“
statistics of............................ 210, 103, 502
“
signals,
new system of..................... 011
“
progress of in U. S ............................... 502
“
of London in 1841................................ 103 Railways in England, accidents on, 1840-45,....... 97
“
“
receipts of, 1843-45,............ 97
“
of cities in England and W a les........ 103
“
statistics o f B ritish,..................... 208
“
o f county towns
“
........ 104
“
“
“ reduction o f fare on, 98
“
of Berlin in Prussia.............................. 104
“
o f M odena............................................. 19 Randolph John, M erchants’ B ank,..........................103
11
of L u cca............................................
21 Reading & Philadelphia R. R., freight and toll,. 99
“
o f Boston, 1742 to 1845. ................. 211 Real estate of Boston, transactions in, 1836-45,. • 44
“
of the Austrian monarchy.................... 211 Real and personal estate in Boston, 1845,............ 46
Poor and the ric h ..................................................... 218 Regulations, commercial,........ 495, 398, 300, 194, 92
Pork inspection, law of........................................... 185 Respondentia Loans,............................................... 75
“ trade at St. L ouis........................................... 165 Revenue customs of Liverpool,............................... 313
“ exported from N ew Orleans, 1845-6........... 406
“
debts and power o f European n ations,.. 505
Post office, British, returns for 1846..................... 422
“
and disbursements o f East India C o .,... 314
Potash, am ount of, in pearl-ash and s o d a ........... 171
“
loss of, by reduc. British Tariff, 1841-45 119
Potato, manufacture o f .......................................... 106
“
of the British Government, 1845-46... • 315
Pottery, American m anuf’g com pany................. 597
“
and expenditure o f England and France, 100
Poultry, first importation into E n g la n d ............. 112
“
“
“
o f U. S., 1845-46,........... 596
Power o f attorney.................................................... 82
“
“
“
“
est. for 1846-47, 91
Products o f Modena.................................................. 19 Risk and losses o f Insur. Co’s, Boston, 1838-45,.. 42
“
L u c c a - ..- ........................................... 22 Robes, buffalo, furnished by W estern fur trude,.. 217
Promissory note................................................ 384, 486 Royal Mail Steam packet Company,......................509
Propeller, application to steam ,............................. 67[Russia, American manufactures in....................... 107




INDEX.

11

S.
Stockholm, b ank,........... ....................... , ...............419
S afety F und L aw , insolvent banks under,— 313 Stockholders in insurance companies, rights o f .. 585
Salt, product of, in Virginia and N. Y., 1840... • 286 Storm Key, revolving light on,......... ....................506
Saltpetre, law for dealers in .................................... 92 Straw braider, T uscan,............................................. 319
Salvage................................................................ 84, 289 Sub-treasury bill, United S tates...............................502
Savings Banks in Boston,....................................... 43 Sugar exported from N ew Orleans,1841-46......... 405
“
compar, prices on the Levee, 1842-46,.... 410
“
provident institution for Boston, 1829-45, 43
“
potato,...............................................................106
“
Bank in Boston, Suffolk, 1834-45,.......... 43
Sulphites,
and Hyposulphites,............................... 174
“
“ in the United Kingdom,................... 101
“
" at Lowell, deposits, 1841-45,............ 212 Superior, Lake, mines of........................................... 105
S carf shawls,................................................................ 108 Switzerland, cotton manufactures o f .....................265
Scilly Light-house,..................................................... 311
T.
Scotland, mercantile transactions in,......................617
Seamen, British m erchant.........................................110 T a riff , loss o f revenue by reduction of,1841-45, 119
“
new Prussian................................................ 495
Semaphoric telegraph,...............................................200
“
of the Papal S tates,..........................
403
Shawls, scarf...............................................................108
u
of Denmark, reduction o f...........................307
Shoal, New South...................................................... 506
“
new British....................................................190
“ in the Sooloo Sea,................................... .7 201
“
of 1846,........................................................ 306
Sierra Leone, commercial sketches of.....................572
Silk goods, imports and exports of Germany, ••• • 258 Tariffs of the U. S., chronology of....................... 698
“
entered for home consump. 1814-44,. 119 Tax, Massachusetts state, proportion o f Boston,.. 49
payers of Boston, classification o f................ 47
“
British, exported, 1820-45,................. 120
Silkm anufac. in New England,............................... 318 Taxes in Boston, valuation, 1800-45..................... 46
comparative receipts from Boston, e tc .,.. . 50
“
ret’d for home consump. 1826-32,.. 120
paid by M atteawan Company, 1828-44,... 374
Slave trade, A frican,............................................... 110
Sloat Commodore, biography of............................. 446 Taxation of New Y ork,............................................. 219
Small-pox, deaths by in city of N . Y. 1805-45,... 160 Teas exported from C hina,....................................... 215
Smelting, copper in the W est,..................................105 Telegraph, semaphoric...............................................200
extension of magnetic........................... 513
Smoking saloon, railw ay...........................................510
Society, British M arine........................................... 96 Tennessee, manufactures i n ....................................598
Virginia, Maryland and Kentucky,
Sooloo Sea, shoal in ,.............................................. 201
comparative product o f tobacco,... 286
S pain, silver mines of..............................................316
“ commercial code of...................................... 556 Tobacco, duty, in Germany, France and England, 54
consumption in Germany,...................... 54
Spanish flour in England,.........................................331
crop of Ohio,........................................... 58
“ import duties on cotton,................................496
smuggling in England,..............................521
Spoliations, claims for French..................................366
inspection and exports o f V irginia.......518
St. M ichael’s, new signals at.....................................612
exported
from New Orleans, 1841-46,. • 405
St. Peter’s, French island o f.....................................201
exported
from the U. S., 1821-45,........ 603
St. Petersburg, Bank of............................................. 419
exported in bhds., 1836-45,.................... 604
St. Louis, freight in flour to Cincinnati,................. 355
export, of manufactured, 1833-45.......... 604
steamboat tonnage, 1844,........................ 66
business on the Continent o f E u ro p e,.. 607
trade and commerce o f ........................... 162
Maryl’d, Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio, 607
wheat, flour and tobacco,........................164
arrivals, exports, etc., N ew O rlean s,... 406
pork, bacon, lard and beef,......................165
steamboats arrived at, 1845................... 166
compar. prod. Va., Ky , Tenn. and Md., 286
names and tonnage of steam boats,.. 166-'
tra d e ,...........................................................603
M
freights arrived, ’44-45,.......................... 168
trade of St. Louis,..................................... 164
State tax in Massachusetts, proportion of Boston,. 49
inspection luw o f Louisiana,....................195
Steam, application to paddle and propeller,.......... 6' Toll on coal, Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, 99
“
navigation, first A tlantic,...............................610 Tonnage, steamboat, Pittsburgh, Wheeling, Pearl
Steamboat, Railroad and Canal statistics, 609,
river, New Orleans, St. Louis,Nash­
508,414, 320, 209, 97
ville, Louisville, Cincinnati,1844,... 4*6
“
Atlantic,..................................................... 323
entered and cleared at Boston,1826-45, 36
“
tonnage at Pittsburgh, Wheel i ng,Pearl
“
compar. Boston, Mass., and U.
River, N . Orleans, St. Louis, Nash­
S., 1825-45............................... 33
ville, Louisville and Cincinnati, ’44, 66
“
employed in A siatic trade, via
“
arrived at St. Louis, 1845,..................... 166
Pacific,......................................479
“
built in the W est, 1846,......................... 513
o f steamboats at St. Louis....................... 166
Steamers, British Mail, voyages, 1840-45,............ 39 Trade, grain, Britain,................................................. 216
Western fu r.....................................................217
“
“
“
320
“
American A tlantic M ail........................ 51
Free, Mutual Association,..............................220
“
Hudson River, speed of.......................• 99
and commerce of St. Louis,..........................162
Steel manufactures, American,............................... 213
“
caravan at Berberah,.......... 139
“
“
imp. into U. States, 1821-33, 328
morals of. ....................................................... 463




12

INDEX.

Tolls on New York and Penn, canals, 3845-46... 4901
^ •
Transparent malleable glass,................................... 318 V an D eiman ’s L and, light in B anks’ S tr a it,.... 311
Treasury Circular,.................................................... 3991Vegetable aromatique distilleries,............................417
Treaty, Oregon,....................................... ................ 402' Virginia, inspection and exports of tobacco,..........518
* ■
~4
and her great central im provem ent,... • 273
commercial, betw’n France and-----Belgium,
94
“
imports, 1821-32..........................................231
T rial by jury in Louisiana,..................................... <4
“
compar. imports and exports, 1838-40,.. 932
T roy and Greenbush Railroad,............................... 98
“
comparative population of Vu. und the
Tuscan straw braider,............................................... 319
W est, 1790-1840,.................................. 285
Tuscany, Grand Duchy of................................ 23
«
“
“ commerce and industry, 94
*•
agricultural products, 1840 ..................... 285
u
u
“ coast,......................... 25
44 compar. prod, o f tobacco, flax, hemp,
«
“
u manufac. indust, of Pisa 26
corn and w heat,.....................................285
27
“
compar. prod, o f bituminous coal, 1840, 286
railw ays,.
“
«
“ o f salt, 1840,.................. 286
U.
“
tobacco,....................................................... 907
. 397
U n it e d K in g d o m , imports into,............. .
W .
. 147 W a les , Savings Banks in,...................................... 102
United States Navy, origin of,..................
.
148
«
“
“
vessels belonging to,
“
population o f cities, 1841............................ 103
. 49’
«
“ Sub-treasury Bill,................
“
“
o f county tow ns,..................... 104
.
502
“
“ progress of population in. •
W alney Island,......................................................... 311
. 417 Warehousing system, Treasury circular on.......... 400
“
“ progress of invention in ...
“
“ receipts of cotton in the principal
W arsaw , Bank o f...................................................... 419
ports, 1845-46 ............................... 394 W arm ing apparatus for R. R .cars, Townsend’s. 609
“
“ drawback on merchandise from
Washington, N ational Fair a t..................................181
British American colonies,........ 398 W hale ship, first American in England,................I l l
imp. o f coffee from N etherlands,.. 402 W heat, arrival at tide water, and value in New
to tal cotton crop,............................... 410
York, 1844-45,......................................... 391
exp. tobacco to G. Britain, 1841-45 296
trade at St. Louis,.........................................164
“
“
1821-45,...................... 603
price at Baltimore, 1829-46,...................... 214
exp. leaf tobacco in hhds., 1836-45, 604 W heeling, steamboat tonnage, 1844,..................... 66
exp. of inanufac. tobacco, 1833-45, 604 W ilmington, North Carolina, port o f...................... 96
imports from C anada,......................309 W ioe trade at Madeira, decrease of........................112
comm, relations with Mexico, 250, 310 Wines o f Syria,......................................................... 109
import of cured provisions,.............. 411 Worsted mosaic w ork,............................................... C01
imp. of goods from G. Britain, ’45, 190
Y.
am ount and location of deposits,. 192
Y ellow F ev er in New York, 1805-45,............ 160
Mint, and branches, coinage a t . . .. 202
Z.
“ annual deposits at.................... 203
“ coinage of, 1793-1845 ............. 205 Z ollverein , German,,............................................. 255
“
population o f each State,............ 255
“ coinage at Branch,1838-45,. 205
“
duties on imports,.............................256
finances of, 1844-46,........................ 208
“
imports and exports, 1844-45,.... 256
receipts from customs, 1845-46-... 208
“
manufacture, export and con­
export o f lard and cheese, 1844-45. 216
sumption of cotton goods, ’43, 257
imports from Great Britain,........... 219
“
product, export and import of
Gov. deposits in N. Y. B an k s,.. . . 595
wool, 1834-43,.............................. 258
revenue and expenditure,................. 596
“
imp. and exp. silk goods, ’34-43,. 258
chronology of the T ariff o f ......... 608
“
imp.
of Amer. produce, 1843-44,. 54
Usury Law of New Y ork,....................................... 102

I