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THE

INDEX TO YOL. XII.
FROM JANUARY

TO JU N E ,

INCLUSIVE,

1845.

Page.

Page.

British coasting trade.............................
A.
A merican vessels, imports to China in, 51 British steam navigation, from 1814 to
American commerce, annals of,........... 365
1843,....................................................
America, bank of North established,... 73 British steam vessels in coasting trade,
American fisheries, statistics of,........... 95
1820 to 1843,......................................
American merchant, liberality of an,... 105 British steam vessels built from 1814 to
American commerce, French spolia-^,-.
1£M3,....................................................
commercial policy,....................
tions of,.....................
v \ \ ljK,
I
British
ggods, exports of, 1815 to 1842,
American railways, statistics of,>.. V . 29tji
American commerce, extension ofi.... 490 Bill for restraining trade of colonies,...
Act for a mint in Massachusetts, 1186, 73 Bibles imported to America, 1777,....
Anthracite coal trade,..................... 103, 244 Bank of North America established,. .
Accumulation of capital,....................... 152 Bank of England, currency of,............
A gent: act to recover account,.............. 179 Banks, private of England,.................
Action of consignees for value of cargo, 179 Banks, Irish and Scotch, condition of,.
Association, Baltimore Mercantile....... 197 Bank capital of several states,.............
Association, catalogue of New York
Bank stocks, prices of in 1844,...........
Mercantile Library,.......................... 198 Bank of the U. States chartered,.........
Associations, commercial of France and
Banking system of Ohio,......................
E ngland,.... ....................................... 404 Banking system of Scotland,...............
Arracan river, port of,............................ 377 Bank of the United States, 1816,........
Agricultural products of U. States,.... 389 Bank of England, circulation of,.........
Asia, trade with in 1811,..................... 461 Buildings erected in New York..........
Alabama, land sold in,........................ 173 Bullion of banks in England, &c........
Alabama, increase of slaves in,............ 173 Brazilian tariff of duties, new ..............
Alabama, mineral r e s o t J r c £ s * 5 f c - - *492* ^Brazilian commercial d^ijrees,............
Annual statement of cofafhiQfcfe \he.* I • vBrazil,-trade an<J sqipiljwie.qf,....,......
U. States, 1844,..........................561) Sl1 "Brazil, description of,............................
Albany Young Men’s Association,. «•.’.518; IJraJM, measures', flig h ts, and money,
American cheese,.................................... ’£?7; IJrazil} finance a n d ‘debt of,...................
B.
' 1Bra£il,'ahchorage duty of,.....................
B ritish ships in China trade,................ 48 Bwsjl,*segjilations of,.............................
British leading imports, 1843-44,........ 75 BMgia£i tajiff of duties, new,................
British commerce and navigation, 1843, 97 BeTjjmfn aiid Zoll-Verein, treaty of,....
British North America, trade w ith,.... 98 Belgium, postal treaty of,.....................
British empire, progress of shipping of, 181 Balance of trade of the United States,.
British vessels built and registered from
Beneficial society of Philadelphia, mer­
1801 to 1843,..................................... 181
cantile,........................................
British empire, vessels belonging to,... 189 Business, grocery in New Y ork,.........
British reports of shipwreck committee, 182 Business of Little Fort, Illinois,..........
British annual waste of vessels,........... 183 Buoy at harbor of St. Augustine,.........
British vessels built in five years,........ 184 Boston, duties collected at,....................
British vessels lost in five years,.......... 184 Boston, commerce and navigation of,.
British colonies, reciprocity treaties..... 262 Boston, vessels arrived in 1844 at,........
British colonies, commerc’l intercourse, 263 Boston, vessels cleared in 1844 from,.
British metals exported to France,....... 347 Boston and Lowell railroad,..................
British brigs, collision of,..................... 466 Boston and Worcester railroad,............




OCT S 1 1941

476
484
485
485
538
540
73
73
73
74
74
74
172
284
365
375
376
461
546
579
74
87
379
159
159
164
164
166
167
87
90
194
95
101
103
477
100
170
189
189
189
291
384

JhIndex.
Page.

Baltimore, ship-building in 1844 at,.... 190
Baltimore, commercial navigation of,.. 191
Baltimore mercantile library associat’n, 197
Bremen, ships and tonnage of,............. 193
Biography, mercantile,................. 266, 356
Book trade, 107, 204, 307, 397, 493, 588
Bills of exchange,...,............................. 355
Bureau of statistics,............................... 363
Barrell’s Sound discovered,................... 365
Bottomry bond case,.............................. 463
Baltic trade, from 1824 to 1842,.......... 480
Breakwater at Caraccas,........................ 486
C.
C onsumption of coal, &c., in F rance,. 24
Castings by coal, coke, &,c., in France, 24
China, intercourse with,.......................... 41
China trade,............................................... 42
China treaty with United States,......... 44
China, hong merchants of,...................... 45
China, tea trade of,.................................. 48
China, commerce of U. States w ith,. . 49
China, exports of tea in Amer. vessels, 49
China, imports of tea to the U. S. from, 50
China, imports by American vessels
into, from 1804 to 1838,...................... 51
China, first U. S. voyage to,.................... 73
China, chronology of events in, from
1831 to 1844,................. .................... 77
China, opening of trade w ith,.. . 79, 80
China, comparative trade of leading na­
tions with,............................................. 80
China, prospects of U. S. trade with,.. 80
China, influence of free commerce with, 104
288
China, U. S. treaty with,..
China, export of tea to Great Britain,. 299
China, rates of commission in,............ 378
China chamber of commerce,................ 378
China, Russian trade with,..................... 395
China new regulations for vessels,....... 583
Commerce of United States, in 1843,. 95
Commerce, British, and navigation,... 97
Commerce, influence of free,.............. 104
Commerce, French spoliations of Ame­
rican,...............
115
Commerce, persons employed in,......... 129
Commerce of Brazil,............................. 159
Commerce of the Erie and Champlain
canal,................................................... 187
Commerce of Sandusky, Ohio,........... 192
Commerce of Milan, Ohio,.................. 192
Commerce of Sandwich islands,......... 198
Commerce of France and E ngland,.. 199
Commerce of Hong-Kong,................... 202
Commerce of Havana, 1843-44,......... 294
Commerce, debt, &c., of Texas,......... 296
Commerce of Galveston,....................... 297
Commerce of Mobile, in 1844,.......... 298
Commerce, annals of American,. 73, 365
Commerce of Providence, in 1 7 9 1 ,... 365
Commerce of Charleston, in 1 7 9 5 ,... 366
Commerce of United States, in 1844,. 388
Commerce, internal, of New Y o rk ,.. 389
Commerce of United States, in 1801,. 459




iii
Page.

Commerce, extension of American,.. .
Commerce with Japan,..........................
Commerce and navigation of the U.
States, (annual statem ent,).... 561,
Commercial system of France,...........
Commercial regulations of Portugal,..
Commercial regulations,.... 85, 194,
Commercial importance of railroads,..
Commercial navigation of New York,.
Commercial navigation of Baltimore,.
Commercial navies of Europe,............
Commercial piety and profit,.................
Commercial navigation of Havana,.. .
Commercial suretyship,.........................
Commercial co-partnerships,.................
Commercial regulations of Brazil,.......
Commercial associations of France and
England,..... .............................. 517,
Commercial associations of U. States,.
Commercial policy of Great Britain,...
Commercial convention in 1815,.........
Commercial intercourse with Mignelon, &c.,...............................................
Confederation, treaty of Germ anic,...
Card manufactory established in Boston,
Currency, English,..................................
Case of a libel,........................................
Commission merchants, (law case,)...
Cotton, action to recover loss on sale of,
Cotton, French imports of, from 1835
to 1844,...............................................
Cotton goods imported into Rio de Ja ­
neiro,....................................................
Cotton; crops of, from 1833 to 1844,..
Cotton states, increase of slave popula­
tion of,.................................................
Cotton, consumption and stock at Liv­
erpool of,.............................................
Cotton goods, export, &c., of,................
Cotton spinning,....................................
Cotton imported into Great Britain in
ten years,.........................................
Cotton, prices at Liverpool, 1844-45,.
Cotton, consumption in Great Britain,.
Cotton manufactures in 1813,..............
Cotton trade of Havre, for 10 years,...
Cheese, trade in,.....................................
Customs, instructions to collectors of,.
Copper smelting in U. States,................
Carolina (South) Railroad,....................
Continent, railways on,..........................
Canals, opening and closing of N. York,
Canal, Ohio, income of 1842-44,.........
Canal commerce of Pennsylvania,.......
Canal, merchandise shipped on Ohio,.
Canal enlargement, E rie,......................
Canal commerce of Ohio,.....................
Canal navigation, 1823,........................
Canal, Blackstone,..................................
Canal, Delaware and Hudson,.............
Canada custom-house circular,..............
Coffee, French imports of,....................
Coffee exported from Rio de Janeiro,.

490
490
577
42
86
288
152
185
191
193
203
295
330
361
379
403
538
538
461
489
70
73
74
82
83
84
98
164
172
173
174
273
365
392
392
392
461
577
577
581
551
91
92
94
94
98
373
432
452
462
462
580
582
98
163

iv

Index.
Page.

Coal trade, by railways and canals,.... 103
Coal trade, statistics of,......................... 244
Coal trade, expenses, &c., of mining,. 253
Coal in France,.........................
343
Coal, new work on,................................ 586
Classing merchant vessels, system of,. 104
Census of United States,..................... 125
Census, errors in,................................... 125
Capital, accumulation of,....................... 152
Capital, bank,.......................................... 172
Capital and labor,................................... 396
Cargo, action to recover value of,........ 179
Coastwise arrivals at New Y ork,......... 185
Coastwise clearances at Boston,.......... 189
Coasting trade, British,......................... 476
Coasting trade, Irish,............................. 496
Catalogue of N. Y. mercantile library, 198
Consular system of the U. States,....... 211
Consular system, origin and objects of,. 212
Consular system, its evils, &c.............. 216
Consumption of iron in U. States,....... 232
Colonies, intercourse with British,....... 262
Cases, mercantile law ,................. 367, 273
Cincinnati, steamboats built in,........... 290
Collision cases,.................... 462, 463, 466
Caraccas, breakwater at,........................ 486
Congress, act regulating intercourse
with St. Pierre,................................. 489
Congress, act regulating inland naviga­
tion of the United States,................. 488
Congress, act regulating exports to fo­
reign countries,.................................. 487
Counterfeit gold coins,......................... 491
Curiosities of trade,................................ 492
D.
D utch vessels employed in the Chinese
trade,.................................................... 80
Duties, new Brazilian tariff of,............. 85
Duties, Belgian tariff of,........................ 87
Duties on U. S. imports into Rio de Ja­
neiro, ................................................... 89
Duties on articles imported into Rio de
Janeiro,................................................ 165
Duties collected at N. York and Boston, 170
Duty, Brazilian anchorage,.................. 166
Decree of Portugal,............................... 86
Decrees of Brazil,.................................. 166
Differential duties on imports of Bel­
gium,.................................................... 88
Darmstadt, cost of railroad of,............. 92
Domestic produce of U. S. exported,... 95
Domestic exports of U. S., in 1844,... 562
Denmark, reefs and buoys of,................ 99
Denmark, ships and tonnage of,.......... 193
Department, post-office,........................ 140
Debts of the states, etc.,........................ 279
Debt of Texas,...................................... 296
Debts, minors’,....................................... 354
Debts, wife’s,.......................................... 354
Delaware and Hudson canal report,... 580
Drawback on goods exported,............. 581
E.
E xport of French products, &c.,......... 34




Page.

Export of silks from France,................ 35
Export of woollen articles from France, 36
Export of articles of French workman­
ship,..................................................... 38
Export of furs to China, 1805-13,...... 50
Export of British goods to China by
Americans,.... .............................
50
Exports of U. States, in 1843,............. 95
Exports by canal from Pittsburgh,....... 98
Exports from Rio de Janeiro,............. 163
Exports of Maranham,.......................... 162
Exports of Pernambuco,....................... 162
Exports of Bahia,............................
162
Exports of England to the East Indies
and China,............................................ 175
Exports of New Y ork,....... .................. 186
Exports of La Guayra,.......................... 191
Exports of Milan,.................................. 192
Exports of Sandusky,............................ 192
Export of cotton goods from G. Britain, 277
Exports of Havana, from 1833 to 1844, 294
Exports and imports of Texas, 1837 to
1843, ................................................ 296
Export of tea from China to G. Britain, 299
Exports of flour and wheat, from 1790
to 1843,............................................... 313
Export of Indian corn,.......................... 313
Export of British metals to France,... 347
Exports of New York, in 1791,.......... 365
Exports of Charleston, 1792,................ 366
Exports, summary statement of U. S.,
in 1844,............................................... 388
Export of cotton to Great Britain,....... 392
Exports of manufactures from Great
Britain, 1841 to 1844,....................... 471
Exports, drawback allowed on,........... 487
Exports of the United States, in 1844, 563
Exports and imports of each state, in
1844, ............................................... 573
Expenses of railroads,........................... 156
England, railways in,............................. 42
England, railroad taxation in,............... 93
England, paper circulation of,............. 175
England, commerce of France and,... 199
England, commercial associations of,.. 404
England, exports of flour, etc., to,....... 425
Economy, mercantile and domestic,.... 106
Errors in U. S. census of 1840,........... 125
Early history of silk,............................. 203
Exchange, bills of,................................... 355
Erie canal, rates of freight on line of,.. 387
Erie canal enlargement,........................ 432
Erie canal, rates of freight on,............. 581
Eastern railroad,.................................... 386
Express establishment,.......................... 395
Exploring expedition of U. S.,............ 444
Embargo law, passed 1812,................. 461
Emigrations to U. S., in 1816,............. 461
Emigration from United Kingdom,..... 579
Extension of American commerce,.... 490
Egypt, imports and exports of, in 1844, 578
F.
F rance, manufacturing industry o f,.... 20

v

Index.
Page.

France, consumption of wood, coal, &c.
France, products of capital in 1843, 30,
France, comparison of exports in 1843,
'France, lights and light-houses of,......
France, mining industry of,..................
France, commercial associations o f,....
French imports of cotton, sugar, and
coffee, 1835 to 1844,.........................
French spoliations of American com­
merce, prior to 1800,.........................
Fees, pilots, (law case,).........................
Fisheries, statistics of American,........
Fisheries, whale of U. States,.... 191,
Fishery, poetry of the whale,................
Fishery, mackerel of Mass.,.................
Fishery, New London whale,..............
Fishery, Sag Harbor whale, in 1844,.
Free commerce, influence of,................
Finances of Illinois, etc.,......................
Flour, export of, from 1790 to 1843,...
G.
G ermanic confederation, treaty of,......
German Zoll-Verein, population of,....
German Zoll-Verein, revenue of,.........
German Zoll-Verein, consumption of
sugar in,...............................................
German railways, traffic of,..................
Great Britain, leading exports of,.........
Great Britain, export of tea to,............
Great Britain, metals exported to,.......
Great Britain, import of cotton to, in
ten years,.............................................
Great Britain, consumption of cotton in,
Great Britain, prices of cotton in,.......
Great Britain, exports of wheat to ,....
Great Britain, claim of to Oregon,.......
Great Britain, mineral productions of,.
Great Western, passages of,.................
Goods, cotton of U. States,...................
Goods, prices of in New York,...........
Grocery business in New York,..........
Government (U. S.) funds,...................
Gold mines, Russian and other,...........
Gold sands of Siberia,...........................
Genesee, harbor of,.................................
Gold sovereigns, counterfeit of,...........
H.
H ong merchants of China,...................
Hong-Kong, commerce at,....................
Hudson railroad,....................................
Honolulu, whalers and traders to,.......
Hanover, commercial navy of,.............
Holland, commercial navy of,...............
Hamburgh, commercial navy of,.........
Hamburgh, prices of wheat at,...........
Havana, exports of from 1843 to 1844,
Havana, navigation of,..........................
Havre cotton trade,................................
Hewes, biography of,.............................
Hemp market, Maysville,......................
Hocking canal, Ohio,............................
I.
I ndustry of France, in 1844,................




24
37
33
100
341
403
98
115
82
95
96
201
300
478
478
104
277
312
70
473
473
475
474
76
299
347
392
392
392
425
520
584
482
80
469
103
170
200
554
460
491
45
202
93
100
193
193
193
428
294
295
577
356
491
455
20

Page.

Imports into China by American ves­
sels, 1804 to 1833,.............................
Imports of tea into the United States,
from 1821 to 1839,............................
Imports into Great Britain, 1843-44,..
Imports, duties on U. S. into Rio de
Janeiro,....................................... 89,
Imports, differential duties on,.............
Imports of France, 1835 to 1844,........
Import trade of Brazil,..........................
Imports of Rio de Janeiro,...................
Imports of United States,........... 170,
Import of cotton in Liverpool,.............
Imports of sperm and whale oil,..........
Imports of Sandusky, Ohio,..................
Imports of Milan, Ohio,........................
Imports prior to tariff of 1842,............
Imports of iron into the U. States, from
1828 to 1844......................................
Imports of goods into New York, etc.,
Imports of New York, in 1844,.........
Imports of cotton into U. States from
Texas,..................................................
Import of flour into England, etc.,. . .
Import of cotton into Great Britain, in
ten years,.............................................
Importof foreign produce into England,
Imports of United States, in 1844,....
Imports of each state, &c., in 1844,....
Imported goods in N. York, prices of,.
Iron, railroad,..........................................
Iron trade,....................................
Iron trade, Scotch pig...........................
Iron works of Pennsylvania,................
Iron produced, etc., in Pennsylvania,..
Iron manufacture? of Pennsylvania,. .
Indo-Chinese seas,.................................
Improvement, Monongahela river,......
India (West) steamers,..........................
Influence of free commerce,.................
Internal improvements of Ohio,..........
Internal commerce of New York,.......
Insurance cases,........ 273, 368, 464,
Insolvent law of Massachusetts,.........
Insolvency, mercantile,.........................
Indian corn and meal exported from the
U. States,.............................................
Itinerant, collision of,............................
Illinois, Little Fort,................................
L.
L inen, French,.......................................
Levant,....................................................
Lawns and cambrics,.............................
Leading imports of Great Britain,......
Law department, mercantile, 81, 177,
367,
Libel, case of a,...... ...............................
Loss on sale of cotton,..........................
London and Paris railways,..................
Lisbon, light on rock of,........................
Lights and light-houses of France,__
Light-house on Moro castle,.................
Light at Brusterort,.................................

51
50
76
165
88
98
161
163
171
174
191
192
192
194
236
278
295
296
371
392
471
565
572
469
66
224
585
246
247
249
80
90
91
104
94
389
465
276
352
422
462
477
34
35
37
76
273
462
82
82
92
100
100
100
486

vi

Index.
Page.

Page.

Louisville, mercantile library associa­
tion of,................................................ . 102
Louisiana, trade of in 1802,.................. 460
Liberality of an American merchant,. 105
Learned professions in U. States,........ . 131
Lackawana valley, resources of,.......... 167
Liverpool, imports of cotton,................., 174
Liverpool salt,............ - ......................... , 338
Liverpool manufactures shipped,......... 578
La Guayra, exports of,.......................... 191
Lucca, commercial navy of,................. 193
Leisler, Jacob, memoir of,................... 266
Lowell railroad,...................................... 291
Labor and capital,.................................. 396
Lehigh coal trade, in 1806,................... 460
Little Fort, Illinois,................................ 477
M.
M anufacturing industry of Fiance,... 19
Manufacturing dividendsin N.England, 299
Manufactures in 1817,......................... 461
Mint, act for,.......................................... 73
Money market,...................................... 74
Mercantile law department, 81, 177, 273
367
Mercantile law cases,. 81, 177, 273, 367
Mercantile beneficial society of Phila­
delphia,............................................... 101
Mercantile library association of Lou­
isville, .................................................. 102
Mercantile and domestic economy,— 106
Mercantile miscellanies, 101, 196, 393, 584
Mercantile library association of N. Y., 196
Mercantile library association of Balti­
more, .................................................. 197
Mercantile library association of Mon­
treal,.................................................... 394
Mercantile biography,................... 266, 356
Mercantile insolvency........................... 352
Mercantile integrity,.............................. 394
Memorandum checks, (law case,)....... 81
Merchants, commission, (law case,).... 83
Merchant vessels, system of classing,. 104
Merchant, liberality of an American,. 105
Merchant and the child,........................ 105
Merchant’s wife, complaint of,............. 105
Merchant’s revenge................................ 196
Merchants’ tariff at Quebec,................. 489
Merchandise imported prior to tariff of
1842,................................................... 194
Merchandise, inspectors of,.................. 180
Monongahela river improvement,........ 90
Maryland tobacco warehouse................. 106
Movement, railroad,.............................. 152
Movement, western railroad,................ 323
Massachusetts railroads,__ 156, 157, 385
Massachusetts fisheries,......................... 193
Massachusetts mackerel fishery,..... .
300
Maranham, Brazil,........................... .
162
Measures of Brazil,.............................. 164
Mutual safety insurance company,...... 193
Mecklenburg, commercial navy of,.... 193
Mines, Russian gold,............................. 200
Mining system of Russia,.................... 456

Mining industry of F ra n c e,................. 341
Morality for merchants,......................... 351
Miner’s debt,........................................... 354
Mariner’s wages, libel for,..................... 367
Michigan railroad,.................................. 386
Muskingum improvement,................... 455
Miami canal, Ohio,................................. 456
Merino sheep in 1802,.......................... 459
Mississippi steamboats in 1822,........... 461
Marine insurance case,................. 464, 465
Madison and Indianapolis railroad,__ 481
Mignelon, intercourse w ith,.................. 489
Maysville hemp market,........................ 491
Mineral resources of Alabama,........... 492
Measures and weights of U. States,.... 549
Morals of trade,...................................... 587
N.
N ew Brazilian tariff,.............................. 85
New Belgian tariff,................................. 87
New tariff of Rio de Janeiro,................ 89
New York canals, opening and clo­
sing of,................................................. 94
New York, duties collected at,............ 170
New York, navigation of,..................... 185
New York, principal exports of,.......... 186
New York canals, commerce of,......... 187
New York, imports of in 1844,.......... 295
New York, duties paid on im ports,.... 295
New York, production of salt in the
state of,................................................ 335
New York, exports in 1791,................. 365
New York, navigation of in 1793,.... 366
New York, bank statistics of,.............. 374
New York, railroads of in 1844,......... 381
New York, internal commerce of,...... 389
New York mercantile library associa­
tion, ..................................................... 393
New York, prices of goods imported,. 469
New England whale fishery,................ 191
New England manufactures,................ 299
New London whale fishery, from 1820
to 1844,............................................... 478
Newspapers of the United States,....... 459
Navigation, British,................................ 97
Navigation of Boston,.................. 189, 191
Navigation, statistics of British steam, 484
Navigation, law regulating U. S. inland, 488
Navigation, annual report of,....... 561, 577
Nautical intelligence,............................. 99
Navies of European states,................... 193
Nations, Wheaton’s law of,................. 255
Notes, promissory,.....................
276
O.
O regon, railroad to, etc........................... 80
Oregon, claim of Great Britain to ,.... 520
Opening, &c., New York canals,........ 94
Opening of New York canals, from
1824 to 1845,...................................... 484
Ohio, internal improvements of,........... 94
Ohio, land sold in................................... 173
Ohio, population of,................................. 174
Ohio, canal commerce of,........... 192, 452
Ohio, debt of,.......................................... 279




Index.
Page.

Ohio, loans of banks in,........................
Ohio canal shipments,...........................
Ohio exports via canals,........................
Ohio banking system,............................
Ohio, merchandise shipped via canal,.
Orr’s air-tight stove, (law case,)..........
Onondaga salt-works.............................
P.
P ortugal, commercial regulations of,.
Portugal port-charges,............................
Paris and London railroads,..................
Philadelphia mercantile beneficial so­
ciety,....................................................
Population, errors in,.............................
Population, increase of slave,...............
Post-office department,..........................
Pernambuco, commerce of,...................
Port Sydney port-charges,.....................
Postal treaty of England and Belgium,
Poetry of the whale fishery,..................
Pennsylvania, resources of,....................
Pennsylvania, products of in 1840,....
Pennsylvania, population of,.................
Pennsylvania, coal produced in,...........
Pennsylvania, coal trade of, from 1820
to 1844................................................
Pennsylvania, iron works in ,................
Pennsylvania, shipments of iron in
1843-44,..............................................
Pennsylvania, manufactures of iron,...
Pennsylvania, coal transported on state
canals of,.............................................
Pennsylvania, public debt of,................
Prices of U. S. stocks, in 1844,...........
Prices of bank stocks, etc.,...................
Prices of cotton at Liverpool,................
Prices of wheat in European markets,.
Prices of wheat in the United States,.
Prices of U. S. produce in New York
market,.................................................
Prices of imported goods in New York,
Production of wheat in the U. States,.
Production of salt in New Y ork,.........
Products of the United States,.............
Precious metals in Russia,........... 347,
Portsmouth, Ohio, shipments at,..........
Patterson, manufactures of,...................
Passages of the Great W estern,...........
Prussia, Brusterort,.................................
Policy, British governmental,................
„
Q.
Q uestion for accountants answered,...
Quebec merchants’ tariff,......................
R.
R ailroad iron and the tariff,.................
Railroad statistics,.... 91, 290, 381,
Railroad taxation in England,.............
Railroad, income of Mohawk and Hud­
son........................................................
Railroad travel, increase of,...................
Railroad movement,..............................
Railroads, revenues of Massachusetts,.
Railroads, length of,..............................




373
373
373
375
453
177
337
86
86
92
100
125
172
140
162
195
194
201
237
239
240
273
244
246
247
249
252
280
283
285
392
428
428
467
469
308
335
389
456
373
462
482
486
538
104
489
66
580
93
93
94
152
157
156

Tii
Page.

Railroads, revenue and expenses of,... 156
Railroads, debts and interest of Massa­
chusetts,................................................. 156
Railroad to the Oregon,......................... 176
Railroad stocks, prices of,...................... 284
Railroad, Boston and Low ell,............. 291
Railroad, English and American,....... 293
Railroad movement, w estern,............... 323
Railroads of New York, in 1843-44,. 381
Railroad, western,................................... 385
Railroad, Boston and Worcester,......... 384
Railroads, Massachusetts,...................... 385
Railroad, eastern..................................... 366
Railroad, business of M ichigan,......... 386
Railroad freights on line of Erie oanal, 387
Railways in England,............................ 92
Railways on the continent,.................... 92
Railways, Paris and London,................ 92
Railways and canals, coal trade by,__ 103
Railways, traffic of German in 1844,. 474
Rio de Janeiro, tariff of duties,. 89, 165
Rio de Janeiro, imports and exports of, 163
Rio de Janeiro, measures, weights, and
mone'-of,............................................. 164
Rio de Janeiro, finance and debt of,... 164
Reefs and buoys of Denmark,............. 99
Revolving light of Lisbon,.................... 100
Resources of the Lackawana valley,.. 167
Resources of Pennsylvania,.................. 237
Resources of Texas,.............................. 296
Resources, mineral, of France,........... 341
Russian and other gold mines,............. 200
Russia, precious metals of,.................... 341
Russia, gold mining system of,............ 347
Revenue of the several states,.............. 279
Revenues of U. States, in 1792,......... 366
Revenue paid on imports in England,. 471
Revenue of the German Zoll-Verein,. 473
Review of commercial affairs,............. 370
Rates of commission in China,........... 378
Rambouillet decree of 1810,................ 460
S.
Statistics of French manufactures, 30, 44
Statistics of China trade,................ 50, 51
Statistics of American fisheries,.......... 95
Statistics of the whale fishery,............. 96
Statistics, commercial, 95, 181, 294, 388
561
Statistics of United States,.................... 127
Statistics of railroads,......... 90, 156, 381
Statistics, bureau of,.............................. 363
Statistics of canal commerce of Ohio,. 453
Statistics of British steam navigation,. 484
Sewerage for cities,................................. 53
System of classing merchant vessels,.. 104
Steamboats, custom dues on, at Port
Sidney,................................................. 195
Steamboats on Mississippi, 1822,......... 461
Steamers, W est India,........................... 91
Steamer, Great W estern,...................... 482
Steam between New York and Liver­
pool,..................................................... 481
Steam navigation of G. Britain,. 484, 486

viii

Index,
Pape.

South Carolina railroad,........................
Sugar, French imports of,.....................
Sugar made in Georgia, 1811,.............
Sugar crop of Louisiana, 1824,...........
Sailing directions for Ichaboe,.............
St. Augustine, buoy at harbor of,.........
Ship-building in Baltimore, in 1844,...
Ships built at Portland, in 1844,..........
Ships, return of whale,..........................
Sardinia, commercial navy of,..............
Spain, commercial navy of,...................
Sicilies, commercial navy of,................
Sandwich islands, commerce of,..........
Silk, early history of,..............................
Suretyship, defects of the system,.......
Salt produced in New York,.................
Shipments, morality of,.........................
Silver mining of R ussia,.......................
Slave trade,.............................................
Salvage cases,................................ 464,
Sea light at Brusterort,..........................
Siberia, gold sands of,............................
Scotch pig iron trade,............................
T.
T rade of China,.....................................
Trade of New Haven, in 1784,..........
Trade, progress of,.................................
Trade, opening of China,.....................
Trade of Brazil,.....................................
Trade of Rio de Janeiro,......................
Trade and duties of New York and
Boston,.................................................
Trade, iron,.............................................
Trade, coal of Pennsylvania,................
Trade, Russian with China,..................
Trade, corn,.............................................
Trade with Asia in 1811,.....................
Trade of Baltic,......................................
T ea trade of China,...............................
Treaty of the Germanic confederation,
Treaty with Prussia, in 1785,...............
Treaty of Belgium and Zoll-Verein,...
Treaty, postal of Belgium and E ng­
land,.....................................................
Treaty with Central America, in 1826,
Tariff of Brazil,......................................
Tariff of Belgium,..................................
Tariff of Rio de Janeiro,......................
Tariff of 1842, imports prior to,...........
Tariff, Quebec merchants’,....................
Travel, increase of,................................
Tennessee, debt and revenue of,.........
Total loss, insurance case,.....................
Traffic of German railroads,.................
Trade, curiosities of,...............................
T urk’s island, vessels trading to,.........
Trade, morals of,...................................
U.
U nited States, imports of tea into,...
United Stites, imports to China,.........
United States, fir*t voyage to China,...




91
98
460
462
99
100
190
190
201
193
193
193
198
203
330
335
355
456
460
465
486
554
585
44
73
74
77
159
163
170
224
244
395
421
461
480
49
70
73
90
194
462
85
87
89
194
489
94
279
3f'8
474
492
583
587
50
51
73

Page.

United States, prospects of trade,.......
United States district court, case in,....
United States imports, Rio de Janeiro
duties on,.............................................
United States, railroads in,....................
United States imports and exports, 1843,
United Stites whale fisheries,..............
United States, errors in census of,.......
United States, post-office department of,
United States, consular system of,.......
United States, iron trade of,..................
United States imports of iron, 1828 to
1844,....................................................
United States treaty with China,.........
United States, production of wheat in,..
United States exports of wheat, from
1790 to 1843.......................................
United States Bank, 1791,....................
United States, agricultural products of,
United States, commerce of, in 1844,.
United States, shipping of, from 1790
to 1842,..............................................
United States, associations of,.............
United States, corn trade of,.................
United States exploring expedition,....
United States, prices of produce of,....
United States drawback on goods ex­
ported,.................................................
United States, inland navigation of,....
United States intercourse regulated
with Mignelon, etc.,..........................
United States, weights and measures of,
United States, smelting of copper in,..
United States, annual report of com­
merce and navigation of, for the year
ending June 30,1844,.............. 561,
United States,mineral productions of,.
V.
V essels engaged in China trade,.........
Vessels, system of classing,.................
Vessels built and legistered, English,.
Vessels, annual waste of,......................
Vessels belonging to British empire,....
Vessels, British steam,.................. 484,
Variety of wheat, new,..........................
W.
W est India steamers,............................
Whale fisheries of the U. States,........
Whale fishery, progress of,....................
Whale fishery, New London,................
Whale fishery of Sag Harbor, 1844,...
Whale oil, imports of, 1838 to 1841,...
Whalers and traders to Honolulu,........
Warehouse, Maryland tobacco,.............
Wheat, new variety of,..........................
Wheat produced in the U. States,.......
Wheat, exports of,........................ 313,
Wheat, prices at European markets,...
Wheaton’s law of nations,....................
Western railroad movement,.................
Weights, &c., of the U. States,..........

74
82
89
92
95
96125
141
212
225
236
288
308
313
365
389
388
391
4C8
421
444
468
487
488
488
549
551
577
584
51
104
181
183
182
485
106
91
96
191
478
478
191
100
106
106
308
424
428
255
323
549