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THE

MERCHANTS’ MAGAZINE

COMME RCI AL R E V I E W ,

VOLUME TEN.

FROM JANUARY TO JUNE, .1$44.
0

' O J

6

N E W- Y O R K :
PUBLISHED AT 142 FULTON-STREET.







QCT 31194-1

- 5 * .h -

INDEX TO VOL. X.
FROM

JANUARY

TO

JUNE,

INCLUSIVE,

1844.

O R IG IN A L P A P E R S , E T C .

Commerce and Resources o f British America, by G. R . Porter, F. R . S., Secretary
o f the British Board o f Trade,........................................................................................
Post-Office Reform, and Uniform Postages, by James M. W heaton, o f Massachusetts,

15
27

Trade o f the United States with the British Colonies, by James H. Lanman, author
o f the “ History o f Michigan,” ........................ ..............................................................

38

Observations on Cotton, illustrated with Statistical Tables, by Samuel T . Coit, o f
Louisiana,............................................................................................................................

47

T he Currency, by John J. Crocheron, o f Alabam a,........................................................

50

Commerce and Commercial Character, by Hon. Philip H one,.....................................

85

T obacco and Snuff Administration o f France,............................................................... 72
Commerce and Manufactures o f the Papal States, by J. T . Headley, o f N ew York, 111
Commerce and Resources o f M exico, by Brantz Mayer, o f Maryland,..................... 118
Sugar Trade o f the W orld, N o. 1 : Importing Countries,............................................. 132
Mercantile Education, by J. N. Bellows, o f Vermont,.................................................... 143
Product o f Precious Metals since the Discovery o f Am erica,....................................... 146
Prescott’s Conquest o f M exico : Aztec Merchants,......................................................... 152
Auction System in N ew Y ork ,.............................................................................................. 154
Merchants and Shopkeepers o f Great Britain, in the Seventeenth Century,.............. 158
Chinese Smuggling Boats,..................................................................................................... 161
Russian Trade with China,................................................................................................... 163
Sketches o f Russian Commerce, by J. G. Kohl,............................................................. 207
Origin and History o f the Danish Sound and Belt-Tolls, translated from the Danish
o f Schlegel, by H on. George P. Marsh, Member o f Congress from V erm ont,.... 218
Sugar Trade o f the W orld, N o. 2 : Exporting Countries,.............................................. 232
Coinage o f the United States,............................................................................................... 240
Post-Office Reform, by Hon. W illiam B. Maclay, Member o f Congress from N ew
Y ork...................................................................................................................................... 250
Tonnage and Navigation o f the United States,................................................................ 268
Other Rights o f Sovereignty over the Sound and Belts, appertaining to the Crown
o f Denmark, by Hon. George P. Marsh, Member o f Congress from Vermont,.... 303
Trade and Commerce o f Pennsylvania,............................................................................

308

Commercial Intercourse o f the United States with Porto R ico,................................... 327
Commerce o f the Bermudas,................................................................................................. 332
Maritime Law, No. 4 : Bottomry Bonds, by A . Nash,................................................... 337
Statistics o f the United States.............................................................................................. 351




4
Index.

4

Commercial Reciprocity, by C. C. Haven, o f N ew Y ork ,............................................

354

M ’Kay’s Proposed Modification o f the Tariff,................................................................... 359
T obacco Agency in Europe, embracing J. G. Harris’s Letter,..................................... 364
Sketches o f Commercial Legislation: Debate in the United States Senate on the
Tariff, embracing a Sketch o f the Speeches o f McDuffie, Evans, etc.,.................... 399
Commerce o f Boston, by James H. Lanman,.................. ................ ............................... 421
T he Croton Aqueduct, by William Beach Lawrence, o f N ew Y ork ,........................ 434
Manufacture o f Salt in N ew Y ork,....................................................................................
Consular System o f the United States,..............................................................................
Influence o f Commerce on Education, by Hon. Levi W oodbury,..............................
Mercantile Biography : Howqua, the Senior Hong Merchant,.....................................

442
447
456
459

Increase o f the Thirty-six Principal Cities and Tow ns in the United States, by Jesse
Chickering, M. D., o f Massachusetts,.......................................................................... 461
Trieste, and the Participation o f Austria in the Commerce o f the W orld during the
last T en Years, (1832 to 1841,) translated from the Austrian Lloyd’s Journal for
this Magazine, by the Hon. George P. Marsh, Member o f Congress from Vermont, 495
Sketches o f Commercial Legislation, N o. 2 : Free Trade vs. Protection— Debate in
the United States Senate— Speeches o f Messrs. W oodbury, Huntington, Phelps,
and Bates,............................................................................................................................ 522
T he Kingdom o f the T w o Sicilies, by J. T . Headley, o f N ew Y ork,....................... 536
Wisconsin and its Resources, by Josiah Bond, o f Wisconsin,...................................... 541
Progress o f Invention and Manufactures in the United States,.................................... 557
M O N T H L Y C O M M E R C IA L C H R O N IC L E ,

%

FOR JANUARY, FEBRUARY, MARCH, APRIL, MAY, AND JUNE, 1844.
Embracing a Review o f the Trade, Commerce, Currency, etc., o f the United States,
illustrated with Tables, as fo llo w s:—
Banks o f N ew York, in January, August, and November, 1843,................................

73

Prices o f Stocks in the N ew Y ork Market, in 1843,.....................................................
Receipts o f Flour and Wheat, and Tolls, on N ew Y ork and Ohio Canals,.............

74
74

Banks o f the several States, November, 1843, and 1842,..............................................
Number o f Banks and Capital in each State, in 1830, 1839, and 1843,....................
Exports o f T ea from Canton to the United States, in 1843,..........................................

75
77
78

Exports, etc., o f Cotton, in the United States, for six years,........................................ 167
Coinage o f the Mint at N ew Orleans, from 1841 to 1843,........................................... 167
Prices o f Produce at N ew Orleans, in 1842, 1843, and 1844,..................................... 168
Alterations in the Silver Coinage o f England, from the Conquest to1816,................ 169
Public Debt o f Maryland in December, 1843,.................................................................. 171
Public Debt o f Pennsylvania in 1843,............................................................................... 171
Public Debt o f Michigan in 1843,..................................................................................... 172
Exports o f Cotton from the United States, from 1842, to December, 1843,............. 270
Consumption and Value o f Grain in Great Britain, in 1835, 1837, and 1839,.......... 271
Revenue o f Great Britain, for the years ending January 5th, 1843 and 1844,......... 272
Companies formed in England prior to 1824,................................................................... 273
Companies projected in England in 1824-25,................................................................... 273
Prices o f Stocks in the New Y ork Market, in April and October, 1843, and Feb­
ruary, 1844,........................................................................................................................ 274
Produce arrived on the Hudson, via the Canal, in 1841, 1842, and 1843,.................. 275
Banks o f N ew Y ork State, from 1831 to 1843, inclusive,............................................ 276
Receipts, Stocks, and Exports o f Cotton, in 1843 and 1844,....................................... 369
Imports and Exports o f N ew Y ork, from January 1 to March 1,1843 and 1844,... 371




Index.

5

Duties by Tariff o f 1842, and the proposed,.................................................................... 373
Imports o f American Cotton into Trieste, from 1815 to 1842, inclusive,................... 375
Exports and Imports o f Specie and Bullion, from 1821 to 1843,................................. 376
Average Value o f Leading Articles imported into the United States,......................... 464
Exports from the United States, from 1840 to 1843,....................................................... 466
Rates o f Foreign Exchanges in N ew Y ork, at different periods,................................. 467
Receipts and Expenditures o f the United States, in 1843,........................................... 468
Revenue o f the Port o f N ew Y ork in January, February, March, and April, 1843
and 1844,................................

559

Rates o f Domestic Bills in N ew Y ork at different periods, from 1842 to 1844,....... 559
Circulation and Specie o f the N ew Orleans Banks, with the amount o f Specie re­
ceived from September 1st, to the close o f each period,............................................ 560
Specie in the Vaults o f the Bank o f France, Bank o f England, Banks o f N ew
Y ork, N ew Orleans, South Carolina, and Ohio, for 1842, 1843, and 1844,........... 561
Receipts o f Public W orks in the United States, from January to May, 1843 and
1844...................................................................................................................................... 561
Prices o f Leading Stocks in N ew Y ork, in February, April, and May, 1844,......... 561
Population o f the Erie Canal Counties at three periods, and o f those Counties through
which the Erie Railroad is to run................. ................................................................. 562
Amount o f Tolls on the Erie Canal, for 10 years,.......................................................... 563
Population o f Cities on the Erie Canal, at different periods,.......................................... 563
Banks o f N ew Y ork State— their condition from 1831 to 1844,................................. 564
Condition o f City and Country Banks o f N ew York, in 1844,.................................... 564
M E R C A N T IL E L A W D E C IS IO N S , E T C .

Marine Insurance— J. Lawrence us. N ew Bedford Com. Ins. Company,....................
Private Expresses— United States vs. Adams & Co.......................................................

79
80

Return o f Duty on W heat and Flour re-shipped,............................................................

81

Auctioneers and Com. Merchants— Henshaw, Ward & Co., vs. T . W . Sears & Co.,
Insurance— Francai & Brothers vs. Phoenix Insurance Company,..............................

81
83

Certificate o f Deposit— Jacob Little vs. St. Louis Insurance Company,.....................

83

Insurance— Damage by Collision,.......................................................................................

84

Common Carriers— Union Transportation Company vs. C. Field & Son,....................

84

Insurance— Samuel M oody vs. Sun Mutual Insurance Company,............................... 173
Copartnership— C. D. Bacon and J. B. Prince vs. S. T . Ames,.................................... 174
Assignment— Henry Windsor vs. William Whiting,...................................................... 175
Liability o f Railroad Companies— vs. Boston and Providence,..................................... 176
Proof o f Debt— Henry Alisner vs. William Courtis & C o............................................ 377
Stow ,ge o f Goods— J. Crockett, jr., vs. J. H. Brower,................................................... 378
Seamen’s W ages— Bishop vs. Shepard,............................................................................. 379
Insurance— Verbal Evidence Inadmissible,....................................................................... 379
Promissory Notes— Josiah F. Leach vs. N. W . C. Jameson,........................................ 379
Statute o f Limitations— Bankruptcy,................................................................................. 469
Infringement o f Patent— E. Carver vs. Braintree Manufacturing Company,............. 470
Custom Bonds— Jesse Hoyt us. Edward Curtis,............................................................. 470
Action o f Trespass— A . Lester us. S. F. Parker and others,........................................ 470
Action o f Assumpsit— W . W hitlock vs. Peter Morton,.......................................... .
471
Promissory Note— St. Louis Gas Light Company vs. J. B. Hill,.................................. 471
Creditor’s Bill— W . W . Creas vs. S. H. Babcock,............................................................ 565
Tax on Passengers in Louisiana— Charity Hospital vs. Fullerton,.............................. 565
Promissory Note— Reeder vs. Theurer,............................................................................. 566




1*

b

Index.

Action upon a Guarantee— T . Courtis vs. B. W . Dennis,.............................................. 566
Massachusetts Law o f Insurance on Lives, for Benefit o f Married W om en,........... 567
N A U T IC A L IN T E L L IG E N C E .

Pilot Station off the mouth o f the River H oogly,............................................................. 568
Reflecting Lantern and Heliotrope,.................................................................................... 569
Pier Jetty at Naples,.............................................................................................................. 570
Masters and Wardens o f the Port o f N ew Y ork ,.......................................................... 571
C O M M E R C IA L S T A T I S T I C S .

Imports and Exports o f Canada, from 1832 to 1839,......................................................
Manufactures o f Cotton, Linen, Silk, W oollen, and Iron, imported into Canada,

16

from 1832 to 1839,.............................................................................................................
Exports o f Canadian Produce in each year, from 1832 to 1839,...................................

16
16

Arrivals and Clearances at Canada, from 1832 to 1838,...............................................

17

Vessels Built and Registered in Canada, from 1832 to 1841,.......................................
Trade o f N ew Brunswick— Exports and Imports from 1832 to 1839,........................

17
18

N ew Brunswick— Shipping Inwards and Outwards, from 1833 to 1839,...................

19

Ships Built and Registered in N ew Brunswick, from 1832 to 1841,............................
Exports and Imports o f Nova Scotia, from 1832 to 1839,............................................

19
20

Nova Scotia Shipping arrived and cleared, from 1832 to 1839,....................................

20

Shipping built in the Province o f N ova Scotia, from 1832 to 1841,...........................

21

Nova Scotia Fisheries, from 1832 to 1839,.......................................................................
Imports, Exports, and Tonnage o f Nova Scotia, from 1832 to 1839,..........................

21
22

Exports and Imports o f Prince Edward’s Island, from 1832 to 1839,........................

23

Ships Built and Registered in Prince Edward’s Island, from 1832 to 1841,...............
Import and Export Trade o f Newfoundland, from 1832 to 1839,................................

23
24

Arrivals and Clearances at Newfoundland, from 1832 to 1839,..................................

24

Ships built at Newfoundland, from 1832 to 1841,............................................................

25

Export and Import Trade o f the Bermudas, from 1832 to 1839,.........................

26

Tonnage o f Vessels built at Bermuda, from 1832 to 1839,.................................... 26
Shipping Entered and Cleared from the Bermudas, from 1832 to 1 8 3 9 ,.................... 26
Average o f Cotton Crops o f the United States, from 1824 to 1843,...........................
Commerce and Navigation o f the United States, in 1842,............................................

48
85

Domestic Exports o f the United States, from October 1, 1841, to

Sept.30,184 2,...

85

Commerce o f each State and Territory, from October 1, 1841, to Sept.30, 1842,..

88

Tonnage Entered the United States, from October 1, 1841, to September 30, 1842,

89

Tonnage Cleared from United States, from October 1,1841, to September 30, 1842,
Condensed View o f the Tonnage o f the several Districts o f the U. States, in 1842,

89
90

Vessels built in each State in the United States, for the year ending Sept. 30,1842,
Coffee Trade o f the United States in each year, from 1821 to 1842,..........................

92
92

American and British Shipping entered Ports o f Great Britain and United States,
from 1832 to 1843,............................................................................................................. 94
Commerce o f the Port o f Vera Cruz, in 1841 and 1842,.............................................. 122
American and Foreign Trade with Tam pico, in 1841 and 1842,................................. 122
Exports from Matamoras to the United States, in 1841,...............................................

123

Trade o f the United States with M exico for 12 years— 1829 to 1841,....................... 123
Gold and Silver imported into the United States from M exico, from 1823 to 1841,. 124
Statistics o f Mexican Manufactures,................................................................................. 124
Coinage o f M exico, from the earliest period to the present time,................................. 131
Sugar imported into Great Britain and Ireland, in 1840,............................................... 133




Index.

t,

Sugar exported from the United Kingdom, in 1840,................................... ................... 133
Quantities o f Sugar imported into and exported from France, from 1834 to 1841,.. 135
Sugar entered France for Home Consumption, from 1834 to 1841,............................ 135
Exports o f R aw and Refined Sugars from France, from 1834 to 1841,..................... 136
Sugar imported into Trieste, from 1835 to 1841,............................................................ 139
Sugar imported into the United States, from 1821 to 1841,........................................... 141
Stocks o f Sugar, in tons, in the leading Importing Markets o f Europe,.................... 142
Foreign Merchandise imported into the United States annually, from 1821 to 1842, 177
Foreign Merchandise re-exported from the U. States annually, from 1821 to 1842,. 177
Foreign Merchandise consumed or on hand in U. States annually, from 1821 to 1842, 177
Foreign and Domestic Exports o f the United States, from 1821 to 1842,.................. 178
Value o f Merchandise imported into the United States, and Duties annually, from
1821 to 1842,....................................................................................................................... 178
Value o f Imports and Exports o f United States annually, from 1821 to 1842,......... 179
American and Foreign Tonnage cleared and entered U. States, from 1821 to 1842, 179
Duties, Drawbacks, and Revenue o f the United States, from 1821 to 1842,.............. 180
Value o f Principal Articles o f Merchandise imported into the United States, from
1821 to 1842,...................................................................................................................... 181
Manufactures o f Cotton imported into the United States, from 1821 to 1842,......... 182
Manufactures o f W o o l imported into the United States, from 1821 to 1842,............ 182
Manufactures o f Flax imported into the United States, from 1821 to 1842,.............

183

Manufactures o f Hemp imported into the United States, from 1821 to 1842...........

184

Manufactures o f Iron and Steel imported into the United States, from 1821 to 1842, 184
Unmanufactured Iron and Steel imported into the United States, from 1821 to 1842, 184
Hemp and Cordage imported into the United States, from 1821 to 1842,.................. 185
Imports into the United States from Countries specified, from 1821 to 1842,............

186

Domestic Exports o f the United States annually, from 1821 to 1842,......................... 187
Commerce and Navigation o f England in each year, from 1839 to 1843,.................. 189
Value o f British and Irish Produce exported from the United Kingdom, in 1843,... 189
Countries to which British and Irish Produce were exported, in 1843,........................ 199
Value o f British and Irish Produce exported to her West India and North American
Colonies, from 1831 to 1842............................................................................................ 191
British and Irish Produce, and Manufactures, exported to the United States annu­
ally, from 1833 to 1842,..................................................................................................... 191
Tonnage o f Vessels employed in the Foreign Trade o f Great Britain, in 1842,...... 191
Tonnage Entered and Cleared Ports o f United Kingdom to East Indies, Ceylon, & c., 192
Ships and Tonnage entered Principal Ports in Great Britain, & c., in 1842,...........
192
Sugar imported into the United Kingdom annually, from 1849 to 1842,..................... 192
Raw and Refined Sugar imported into the United Kingdom, in the year 1842,....... 193
Agricultural Productions o f France for 1841, quantity and value,............................... 193
Quantities o f Produce, o f Sugar, etc., imported into Great Britain annually, from
1831 to 1841,..,.................................................................................................................. 233
Molasses and Sugar imported into the United States annually, from 1832 to 1842,. 235
Prices o f Sugar and Molasses in N ew Orleans, from 1835 to 1840,............................ 235
Production o f Sugar for exportation, in the British W est Indies,................................. 238
American and Foreign Tonnage clearing from the United States for Foreign Ports,
in 1820,1830, and 1840,............................................................................ ...................... 268
Freights in American and Foreign bottoms from U. States, in 1820,1830, and 1840, 269
Commerce o f the United States with Genoa, annually, from 1820 to 1842,............. 281
Vessels and Tonnage engaged in the Commerce o f the United States and Genoa,
from 1799 to 1842,.............................................................................................................. 282




8

Index.

Commerce o f N ew Orleans, in 1843,................................................................................. 283
Exports from the Port o f N ew York, in 1842 and 1843,............................................... 284
Foreign Arrivals at New York, in 1843............................................................................. 285
Coastwise Arrivals at N ew York, in 1843............................................ ............................ 286
Hides imported into N ew Y ork, from January 1st, 1843, to December 31st, 1843,. 286
Exports o f Hides from N ew Y ork annually, from 1836 to 1843,.......................... .

287

Commerce and Navigation o f Boston, from 1st Jan., 1843, to 31st Dec., 1843,........ 287
Imports o f Domestic Coal into Boston annually, from 1837 to 1843,.......................... 287
Imports o f Foreign Coal into Boston annually, from 1837 to 1843,............................ 287
Corn, Oats, Rye, and Shorts, received at Boston annually, from 1837 to 1843,......... 287
Flour received at Boston annually, from 1837 to 1843,.................................................. 287
Receipts o f Flour into Boston by the Western Railroad, in 1842 and 1843,............. 288
Imports o f Molasses, Spirits, and Sugar into Boston, from 1838 to 1843,.................. 288
Importation o f Coffee into Boston, for 1841 and 1842,.................................................. 289
Cotton received at Boston from different ports, in 1843,................................................ 289
Hides imported into Boston from different places, in 1843,........................................... 289
Foreign and Coastwise Arrivals and Clearances at Boston, in 1843,.......................... 289
Mackerel inspected in Massachusetts annually, from 1831 to 1843,............................ 290
Value and Quantity o f each Article left at Albany, on the Erie and Champlain Ca­
nals, in 1842 and 1843,..................................................................................................... 291
Lake Commerce o f Cleveland, Ohio, in 1843,................................................................. 292
Number o f Vessels, and Tonnage o f Steamboats belonging to Cleveland, from 1830
to 1843.................................................................................................................................. 292
Principal Articles Imported and Exported at Cleveland, in 1843,................................. 293
Shipments o f Lead from Galena and Dubuque, from 1841 to 1843,........................... 295
Trade o f Pennsylvania with Great Britain annually, from 1697 to 1776,................... 310
Vessels Built, Tonnage, and Vessels Cleared from Pennsylvania, from 1719 to 1725, 311
Commerce o f the Province o f Pennsylvania, from 1735 to 1736,................................. 312
Foreign Commerce o f Pennsylvania, from 1791 to 1841,.............................................. 316
Aggregate Exports from Pennsylvania and United States to Foreign Countries, from
1803 to 1841,...................................................................................................................... 320
Exports and Imports at Philadelphia, for 1842,................................................................. 320
Coastwise Arrivals at Philadelphia, from 1789 to 1842, inclusive,............................. 325
Enrolled and Licensed Tonnage o f Pennsylvania annually, from 1789 to 1841,__ 336
Exports and Imports at Porto R ico, in 1839 and 1842,.................................................. 329
Vessels and Tonnage o f each Nation which arrived and cleared at Porto R ico, in
1839 and 1842,................................................................................................................... 329
Imports and Exports o f Ptlrto R ico, showing Increase and Decrease, in 1839 and
1 8 4 2 ,........................
330
Trade o f each Port o f Entry in the Island o f Porto Rico, in 1839 and 1842........... 331
Imports and Exports o f the Bermudas, in 1842 and 1843,........................................... 334
Vessels entered Inwards and Outwards at the Bermudas, in 1843,............................. 335
Consumption o f T obacco in Great Britain and Ireland, from 1801 to 1841,............. 368
T obacco exported from the United States to England annually, from 1831 to 1842, 368
United States Export and Import o f Specie annually, from 1821 to 1843,................. 376
W hale Fishery o f the United States in 1843, and six preceding years,...................... 395
W hale Fishery o f Sag Harbor, in 1843,............................................................................ 386
Prices o f Sperm and W hale Oil, and W halebone, in the United States, from 1838
to 1842,..................................................................................... ........................................... 387
French and Spanish Trade and Commerce, in 1842,...................................................... 386
British Excise Duties in 1841,1842, and 1843,............................................................... 389




Index.

9

Exports o f Port W ine from Oporto, during the year 1843,........................................... 389
Debts o f Insolvent Hong Merchants,.................................................................................. 389
Canal Commerce at Pittsburgh, Pa., in 1842 and 1843,................................................. 483
Imports and Exports o f Sandusky, Huron, and Milan, Ohio, in 1843,......................... 484
British East India Shipping Trade in each year, from 1842 to 1843, inclusive,......... 485
Exports from Java for ten years, from 1833 to 1842,..................................................... 485
Merchandise inspected in N ew Y ork, in 1843,................................................................ 485
Imports and Exports o f the United States, Payments into the Treasury, Cost of
Collecting Revenue, for 54 years, from 1789 to 1843,............................................... 487
Cotton exported from the United States, in'1841 and 1842,.......................................... 575
Breadstuffs exported from the United States, in 1842,.................................................... 575
Provisions exported from the United States, in 1842,.................................................... 576
Leather, and Manufactures o f do., exported from the United^ States, in 1841 and
1842,................................................................................................. 7 ................................. 576
Commerce and Navigation o f the United States, in 1843,......................................* ... 577
Flour manufactured, and W heat consumed, at Rochester Flouring Mills, in 1843,-. 578
Number o f Vessels passed the Danish Sound during the last five years,.................... 579
Commerce o f Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Portsmouth, Ohio, from 1832 to 18 43,.... 579
C O M M E R C IA L R E G U L A T IO N S .

Colonial Duties Leviable upon Imports into British Guiana,..........................................
Tonnage and Export Duties on Foreign Vessels at Hayti,..............................................

95
96

Law for the Inspection o f Produce in N ew York, passed April 18, 1843,.................

96

Directions for preparing Beef, Pork, and Lard, for theEnglish market,........................

97

United States Law o f Vessels for Foreign Ports,.............................................................

97

Method o f Forwarding Parcels and Cases from England to India, by the Overland
Route,.................................................................................................................................... 196
Antigua Commercial Regulations and Tariff o f Duties,.................................................. 277
Commercial Regulations o f Ports in Cuba,....................................................................... 278
Mexican Admeasurement o f Vessels,................................................................................. 279
Tariff and Stamp Duties at Rio Janeiro,............................................................................ 280
New Brunswick Post-Office Regulations,............................................................................ 280
Bermuda Tariff o f Duties on Exports and Imports,....................................................... 335
Colonial Tariff o f Duties o f Newfoundland,..................................................................... 380
Articles o f Merchandise admitted Duty Free at Gonaives, St. Domingo,................... 380
Grains imported into Russia free o f Duty,.......................................................................... 381
Duties on Meat, Oil, and Fish, at the Cape o f Good H ope,.......................................... 381
Rates o f T oll on all the Canals o f N ew Y ork, for 1844,............................................... 479
Alterations in the N ew Chinese T a riff,..;......................................................................... 480
Commercial Regulations o f China on the subject o f Warehouses, Old and New
Merchants, etc.,.................................................................................................................. 481
Regulations at the Ports o f Mariel and Cardenas,...................................................... .
482
Entrepot for Imported Goods at Campeachy,................................................................... 482
Tonnage Duties o f the Republic o f Texas,....................................................................... 483
Merchandise Illegally Imported into the United States,.................................................. 570
Law o f Masters and Wardens o f the Port o f N ew Y o rk ,............................................ 571
Tobacco Inspection Law o f Louisiana, o f March, 1844,.............................................. 572
Colonial and Imperial Tariff o f Duties at St. Johns,....................................................... 573
S T E A M B O A T , R A IL R O A D , A N D C A N A L S T A T IS T IC S .

Programme o f the French Transatlantic Steamships,.....................................................

98

Fares on the Western Railroad, between Boston and Albany,.....................................

99




Statistics o f the Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore Railroad, in 1843 and
1844,..........................
381
Statistics o f the Railroads in Massachusetts, in 1843,.................................................... 382
Programme o f Atlantic Steam Navigation between N ew Y ork and Liverpool, in
1 8 4 4 ,.................................................................................................................................... 383
Annual Report o f the Massachusetts Western Railroad, for 1843,............................. 474
Statistics o f the Railroads o f N ew Y ork, for 1843,........................................................ 477
Statistics o f Central (Michigan) Railroad, in 1843,......................................................... 478
Condition o f Norwich and W orcester Railroad, in 1843............................................... 478
Rates o f T oll on all the Canals o f N ew Y ork, for 1844,.............................................. 479
Business o f the Georgia Central Railroad, in 1842 and 1843,....................................... 580
T ariff o f Freights on the Erie Canal................................................................................. 580
T ariff o f Freights on Pennsylvania Canals,...................................................................... 581
S T A T I S T I C S O F P O P U L A T IO N , E T C .

Population o f the Four Districts o f Lower Canada, in 1831,.......................................

15

N ew Brunswick— Population at differentperiods,.............................................................

18

Population o f New Brunswick in 1838,.............................................................................
Population o f Prince Edward’s Island in 1841, etc.,.....................................................

20
23

Population o f the Bermudas in 1824 and 1839,.............................................................. 25
Population o f the Departments o f M exico, at different periods,........................ 118, 119
Comparative View o f the Population o f the United States, England, and W ales, in
1840 and 1841,.......................
194
Increase o f the Thirty-six Principal Cities and T ow ns in the United States,........... 461
S T A T I S T I C S OF B A N K S A N D C O I N A G E .*

Table o f the Coinage o f M exico, from the earliest period to 1843,............................ 131
Product o f the Precious Metals since the Discovery o f America,............................... 146
Statistics o f the Savings Bank in N ew Y ork, from 1819 to 1844,............................... 472
Boston Semi-Annual Bank Dividends in 1844,................................................................ 473
Exports and Imports o f Specie and Bullion in each year, from 1821 to 1843,......... 376
Deposits o f Gold at the United States Mint and Branches, from 1824 to 1843,........ 247
Deposits o f Gold at the Branch Mints o f the United States, from 1838 to 1843,

248

Coinage o f the Mint o f the United States, from its establishment, in 1792, to 1843, 249
Product o f the Rowan (North Carolina) Gold M ines,.................................................... 250
M E R C A N T IL E M IS C E L L A N IE S .

French Excise Duties, and Gunpowder Administration,.....’ ....................... ................ 100
Method o f Preserving Raisins or Grapes,......................................................................... 100
Manufactures o f the South and W est,......................................... ...................................... 101
European Trade to China,..........................................................................................

101

Counterfeit Mexican Dollars,................................................................................................ 101
Buzzard’s Bay Menhaden Fishery,....................................................................................... 197
Beginning o f W oollens in the United States,................................................................... 197
China T ea Trade,.................................................................................................................. 197
Thoughts on Fire Insurance,............................................................................................... 165
American Manufactures in Canada,................................................................................... 267
N ew Y ork Mercantile Library Association— Twenty-Third Annual Report,............ 296
Twenty-First Report Mercantile Library Company o f Philadelphia,........................... 296
Fourth Annual Report o f the Mercantile Library Association o f Baltimore,........... 297




* See Monthly Commercial Chronicle.

Index,

11

T he Merchant,'a Poem, by Cornelius Matthews,............................................................ 383
Coinage o f Copper in China,.............................................................................................. 383
Goyder, the Benevolent Quaker Merchant,...................................................................... 384
Commercial Prosperity o f Singapore,............................................... ................................ 384
American W ooden W are exported to England,............................................................... 384
Freaks o f Wealthy Merchants.............................................................................................. 581
Imitation Russia Sheet Iron,................................................................................................ 581
Cigar Manufacture at Malaga,............................................................................................. 582
Frauds in Trade at Liverpool,............................................................................................. 582
BOOK T R A D E .

Prescott’s Conquest o f M exico— Gore’s (Mrs.) Birthright,............................................. 102
Clay’s Life and Speeches— Tyler’s Life and Speeches,.................................................. 103
Choules’s Neal’s History o f the Puritans,......................................................................... 103
Guizot’s Y oung Student— Bible Expositor,..................................... ........, ........................ 104
Faulkner’s Farmer’s Treasure— Abbott’s Early Piety,..................................................... 104
King’s Memoirs o f the Croton Aqueduct,........................................................................ 105
Thompson’s History o f Long Island,.................................................................................. 105
Jarvis’s Scenes and Scenery in the Sandwich Islands,.................................................... 105
Taylor’s Family Original Poems, for Infant Minds,......................................................... 105
Cook’s (Miss) Poems— Ellis’s (Mrs.) Select W orks,...................................................... 106
Ripley’s Notes on the Apostles— Lyra Apostolica— Victorine,.....................................

106

Beecher’s (Miss) Treatise on Domestic Econom y— Keese’s W intergreen,................ 107
Trial o f the Pope— Hemans’s (Mrs.) W orks— Kendall’s Life o f Jackson,................. 107
Walter Scott’s Monument— Elizabeth’s Letters from Ireland,................................ ....... 108
Christian’s Pocket Companion— Complete Confectioner,................................................ 108
Holding’s Homely Hints— Garland o f H ops,................................................................... 108
Shaw’s Rural Architecture— Mayer’s M exico as it W as, and as it Is,......................... 198
Anthon’s iEneid o f Virgil, with English Notes, etc.,...................................................... 199
Lectures on Agricultural Chemistry and Geology,........................................................... 199
Kennedy’s Observations on Obstetric Auscultations,...................................................... 199
Froissart’s Chronicles o f England, France, Spain, etc.,.................................................. 200
N ew Y ork Glee Book— Flora’s Interpreter— T he W rongs o f W om en ,.................... 200
Brougham’s Historical Sketches o f Statesmen during the Reign o f George I I I ...... 201
Sherman’ s Map o f the United States— Address on the Prevention o f Pauperism,... 201
Motherwell’s Poems— Cecil’s Life o f the Rev. John N ew ton,..................................... 201
Graves’ s (Mrs.) W om an in America— Plea o f Insanity in Criminal Cases,.............. 202
Matins and Vespers— Family Worship— Scott’s (Mrs.) Poems,................................... 202
Goodman’s Social History o f Great Britain— Buds, Blossoms, and Fruits o f the
Church,.................................................................................................................................. 203
The Young Communicant— Memoir o f the Life, etc., o f Rev. Charles Evans......... 203
Evans’s History o f Valehead— Judah’ s Lion,..................................................................... 203
Chapin’s Hand Book o f Plants and Fruits— Poetry o f L ove,....................................... 204
Bangs’s Life o f Arminius— The Flower-Garden— Protestant Memorial,.................... 204
Spanish Without a Master— Doddridge’s Rise and Progress— Boston Almanac...... 204
Letters o f Horace W alpole to Sir Thomas Mann,........................................................... 298
Various Writings o f Cornelius Matthews,............................................. ........................... 298
Martineau’s Endeavors after the Christian Life,............................................................... 298
Hunter’s Sacred Biography,................................................................................................. 298
Benthamiana— M oore’s Poetical W orks,.......................................

299

Peabody’s Lectures on Christian Doctrine,........................................................................ 299




12

Index.

Sparks’s Letters on the Ministry, Ritual, and Doctrines o f the Episcopal Church,... 299
T rego’s Geography o f Pennsylvania— Manual o f Classical Literature,...................... 390
Burns and Clarinda Correspondence— Magendi’s Human Physiology,............... 390, 391
Stone’s Border Wars— Locke and Bacon’s Essays— Harper’s Pictorial Bible,............ 391
Smith & Stowe’s Psalmist— Lowell’s Poems— Beethoven Collection o f Music,........ 392
Garrison’s Poems— Bernard Barton’s Poems,.................................................................... 392
Marsh’s Remains— Taylor’s Episcopacy— Ellis’s (Mrs.) Mothers o f England,.......... 393
Adventures o f Daniel Boone— Moore’s Lalla R ookh,.................................................... 393
Blydenburgh’s Law o f Usury— Martin’s Education o f Mothers,................................. 394
De Foe’s Robinson Crusoe— Miller’s Letters to his Son at College,............................ 394
Strauss’s Leo— Edwards’s First Lessons in Geometry,................................................... 394
Evans’s Christian Sects— Barwell’s (Mrs.) Infant Treatment,....................................... 395
Books for Children— Following o f Christ— Sacred Harp,.............................................. 395
Law ’s Spirit o f Prayer— Combination, a T ale,....................................................... 395, 396
Charlotte Elizabeth’s W rongs o f W om an,......................................................................... 396
List o f Books in Pamphlet form, published since our last,............................................ 396
Kendall’s Texan Santa Fe Expedition— Stansbury’s Interest Tables,......................... 488
Sparks’s Library o f American Biography, (N ew Series,).............................................. 488
Parnell’s Applied Chemistry— Spears’s Essays on the Punishment o f Death,............ 489
Fresenius’ s Chemical Analysis— Sargent’s Knowles’s Elocutionist,............................. 489
Sargent’s Drawing-Room Library— Preston’s Book-keeping,........................................ 490
D ’Aubigne’s Reformation— W om an’s Worth— Poems by Moore and Heber,............ 490
Newman’s Sermons— Hunt’s Poems— Montgomery’s Law o f Kindness,.................. 491
Uncle Barnaby— Duties o f Parents— Jamieson’s Lives o f the Poets,........................... 491
Sawyer's (Mrs.) Juvenile Library— Peter Parley’s T ales,.............................................. 491
Simmonds’s Colonial Magazine, and Foreign Miscellany,............................................. 492
Anglo-American— Baird’s Religion in America,............................................................... 492
Books in Pamphlet form, published since our last,........................................................... 492
Meeden’s Commercial Phraseology— Vethake’s Political E conom y,............................. 583
Duer’s Law o f Representation in Marine Insurance,...................................................... 583
Greenwood’s Sermons,.......................................................................................................... 583
Chailly’s Treatise on Midwifery— Randall’s Popular Education,................................... 584
Horne’s N ew Spirit o f the A ge— O n e ’s (Caroline F.) Poems,..................................... 584
Marco Paul’s Adventures in Pursuit o f Knowledge,....................................................... 584
Lewis’s (Mrs. S. A .) Records o f the Heart— Spencer’s Christian Instructed,............ 585
Elizabeth’s (Charlotte) English Martyrs— Clatter’s Every Man his Own CattleDoctor,.................................................................................................................................. 585
Traveller, or W onders o f A rt,............................................................................................. 585
W illis’s Poems, Sacred, Passionate, and Humorous,................ ...................................... 586
Coleman’s Apostolical Primitive Church— Chavasse’s Advice to Mothers,................ 586
Frost’s Heroes o f the Revolution— Poetry and History o f W yom ing,....................... 586
Sparks’ s Life o f Franklin— Harris’s Highlands o f Ethiopia Described,...................... 587
Cherwell’s Happy Hours— W ood ’s Lectures on Church Government,........................ 587
Sherwood’s Shanty the Blacksmith— Story o f Grace,.................................................... 587
Picture Gallery o f thp N ew and Old W orld,.................................................................... 588
Simmonds’s Colonial Magazine, for April, 1844,............................................................ 588
Destiny, or the Chief’s Daughter— Books published in Pamphlet form,...................... 588