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I I I

SCIENCE
futures for girls
When you take your first trip to the moonthank the scientists and not your lucky stars!
Scientists with their constant experimenting are
responsible for much of the world's progress in
many new fields.
Today, there are not enough qualified scientists
to meet the demand.
Tomorrow's scientists will find rewarding opportunities in industry, in teaching, in governmentas researchers, technical writers, consultants,
I ibrarians, supervisors, and field workers.

This is the time For more girls to consider
careers in science.

WHY BE A SCIENTIST?
•

You will have exciting opportunities to
learn and to develop ideas.

•

You can find great satisfaction in your
contribution to the community, the Nation,
and the world.

•

Women
scientists generally command
higher starting salaries than women trained
in other professions.

•

Advancement may be expected with experience and further education.

•

Loans, tuition aid, and time off for employees taking science courses are offered
by many industrial firms and by the
Government.


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Women Who Have Succeeded
"Holey smoke,"
made From plastic
bubbles, was developed by a young
woman CHEMIST
in a leading radiation laboratory.
This smoke may be
used as a shield
against polluted air
from experimental
nuclear blasts or for
sky writing.

A woman PHYSICIST
with a Ph. D. combined
raising a family with
university research and
writing. She and her
husband worked with a
team on the discovery of
heavier-than-hydrogen
nuclei in cosmic rays.

A woman GEOLOGIST who is
married and has a Ph.D. is a consultant and explores for oil for a
large firm. Her most recent trip
was in Africa.

A woman ASTRONOMER was promoted to a Full professorship and
made chairman of the astronomy department at a leading university-the
first woman to have achieved this
distinction.


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The "weatherman at the U.S.
Weather Bureau in a large
eastern city is a woman METEOROLOGIST. She takes
weather observations, makes
forecasts, and presents them
on the radio.

3

YOUR FUTUREin

CHEMISTRY

This largest of all fields in the physical sciences
employs about 12,000 women.
•

In industry, many chemists do research on medicines, food, textiles, cosmetics, detergents, plastics, and various other items; others analyze,
inspect, and test the products we buy and use.
Some women chemists are teachers, technica I
writers, and librarians.

•

Chemistry offers numerous opportunities to
girls with a bachelor's degree.

in

PHYSICS

Time, motion, space, and matter-these are
the basics studied by physicists. Their work
has led to such modern wonders as
•

Electronic computers . . . radar . . . television
. . . solar-powered electricity . . . atomic and
hydrogen bombs . . . supersonic jetplanes . . .
space rockets.

Most of the 900 women physicists are found in
research or college teaching.
Mathematics is vital for all types of work in
physics. Graduate degrees are necessary for
many positions.

in

GEOLOGY

The science of geology gives us clues to our
future wealth in natural resources and to the
history of the earth's formation.
More than 400 women, mostly in industrial or
government laboratories, work in this science.
•

Many examine and analyze samples to locate
petroleum, mineral, and other deposits.


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•

Others are museum assistants or researchers who
unfold the story of the origin of the earth and of
prehistoric times.

Field geologists record data from land surveys,
draw maps (often by aerial photographs), and
collect rock specimens for laboratory study.

in ASTRONOMY
Most of the 75 women astronomers are employed by universities and government. In
observatories and laboratories•

•

They compute the size, shape, motion, and brilliance of celestial bodies; they study eclipses,
star clusters, comets, and the fascinating possibilities of life on-and communication with-other
worlds.
They predict tides, determine official time, make
almanacs and navigation charts, and analyze
orbits of manmade satellites.

Top-level astronomers who teach or do research
should have the doctor's degree; and all need
advanced mathematics and physics courses.

in METEOROLOGY
All the conditions affecting our weather are
studied by meteorologists. About 100 of
these scientists are women.
•

•

Airlines and shipping companies, insurance and
construction firms, farmers, department stores,
movie producers, and the military use their
forecasts.
Communities affected by smoke or air pollution
seek their advice, as do drought areas.

The Government employs the largest number of
meteorologists-chiefly in the Weather Bureau
and the Department of Defense.
A bachelor's degree or equivalent is required
for beginning positions.


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WOMEN SCIENTISTS
Women scientists do many kinds of work:
Research
Teaching
Technical writing
Design
Library work
Computing
Inspection
Testing
Supervisory, consultative, and administrative work

Almost all do laboratory work, and some have
field assignments.
Women scientists are employed by:
Colleges
Schools
Manufacturing plants
Hospitals
Research firms
Museums
Observatories
Institutes
Government-Federal, State, local, international

Their specialties range from weather forecasting
to space ana I ysis.

EDUCATION IS A "MUST"
If

you enjoy solving puzzles . . . finding out
what makes gadgets work . . . experimenting
with new ideas . . . reading articles about
scientific discoveries,
Then•
•
•

Start early with laboratory courses like physics
0
and chemistry; and study "math.
Plan on at least a college education, with a
bachelor's degree in science.
Set your sights toward a graduate degree in the
specialty of your choice.

HIGH SCHOOL IS THE PLACE TO START
YOUR TRAINING FOR SCIENCE ... CONSULT YOUR COUNSELOR.


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IT'S UP TO YOU I
Women have a fine record in every field of
science. Many have outstanding achievements
to their credit-some, as members of husbandwife teams.
In science, as in all professional careers,
success depends on aptitude, education, and
experience-more than anything else.
Many girls who study science find it fascinating. Employers, parents, and career advisers have recognized that girls have the
capacity and the abilities for scientific careers.
The Committee on Scientists and Engineers
reported this to President Eisenhower in 195 7:
11

•••
Public education programs of many varieties are needed to encourage young women to
undertake science and engineering studies and
to insure that they receive satisfactory employment after training
,.

FOR MORE INFORMATION
Write for ''Careers for Women in the Physical
Sciences" (price, 35 cents); and for additional
copies of "Science Futures for Girls" (price, 5
cents), to Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

A GOOD STUDENT CAN BECOME A GOOD
SCIENTIST. START EARLY. PLAN FOR THE
FUTURE.


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U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1959

0-

51 8451

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
WOMEN'S BUREAU

W ashingLon 25, D.C.


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