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Prepared in
collaboration with
Federal Security A1ency,
Office of Education

Maurice J. Tobin, Secretary
Frieda S. Miller, Director
Washington: 1951
Leaoei 'I
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

L JB ,11: 7






About the training classes now offered in local trade or high schools?
Women of legal working age are eligible for daytime or evening classes.
If your school district has no class
to meet your needs, ask the school
superintendent about starting one.
In most cases this training is / ree.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


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What courses are offered?
Almost every large community offers
training to women who want jobs in-


beauty shops
garment factories
restaurants and cafeterias
cleaning and dyeing shops

Instruction is also offered forhotel service and management
practical nursing
doctors' and dentists' assistants
interior decorating
janitor service
tailoring and dressmaking
pattern drafting and grading
fur cutting and making
dress designing

If you want to be a saleswoman you can
choose a course in selling-real estateclothing-groceries-electrical appliances-home furnishings-or many other
lines. Courses for store executives and
supervisors can be organized.

As the need arises, courses may be set up
to train for production work in manufacturing establishments, and for defense industries.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


Who can take this training?

► women on the job who want to increase their skill or learn a new

► women temporarily out of a job.

► women without work experience.
► high-school graduates who want


train for wage-earning.
► girls whose schooling was inter-

rupted and who want further
training on a-part-time basis.

How long do courses last?
Girls enrolled in trade courses in daytime
high schools attend trade classes at least
3 hours a day, 5 days a week, 9 months a
Women who work full time usually attend
4 hours a week for 36 weeks ( two evening
classes of 2 hours each). Women who
work in the evening, or who work only
part time, may attend daytime classes.
Each class must meet regularly for the
number of times arranged. Most courses
are made up of short units which vary in
length, and which can be completed one at
a time.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis



Where are classes held?
Usually classes meet in a public school
building specially equipped for this kind
of training. However, classes may be held
Some States pay for transportation to a
nearby community.
Some States have equipped automobile
trailers as classrooms and workshops
which travel from place to place giving
highly specialized training.

Who pays the cost?
Your local, State, and Federal Governments, through the public schools, pay for
the operation of these courses, which are
generally free. In some States there is a
small fee for materials and textbooks; in
some, women over 21 may be charged a
small tuition.
Usually there is a charge for students not
resident in the school district providing the
If trade courses are not offered in your
community, ask your local school superintendent about State and Federal funds
available for vocational training through
your State Board for Vocational Education.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

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Who are the teachers?
The courses are taught by instructors in
your local trade schools, or by well-qualified practical workmen who know their
trade and how to teach it.
If · need be, qualified teachers can be
brought into the community.

How to get a class starteil
There must be a group of 10 or more who
want the same course.
Those who enroll must be considered able
to benefit by the instruction. They must
be prepared to attend the class for the required number of hours.
Workers and employers may join in a request to the school superintendent to start
a new course.
It may take some time to get a new class
started. The school will want to check
with both workers and employers in the
industry as to estimated needs for additional workers. Special equipment and a
meeting place may have to be obtained.
As starting a class sometimes depends on
the requests that come in, do not hesitate
to ask for what you want.
In many cities classes to suit your needs
are already in operation. Ask about enrolling.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


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If you are 35, 40, or over . . .
and have difficulty in finding a job, you
may improve your prospects by trying a
new field.
Too often older women think only of office
work, when other types of work may offer
them more opportunities. Some sort of
work for pay can be found by trained or
experienced women in almost any community. Older women especially need to be
With training, you can become a powermachine stitcher, a saleswoman in any one
of a number of fields, or a housekeeper in
a hotel, a hospital, or an institution. You
can learn to do tailoring and alterations,
and a multitude of other things.

If you have the capital and the ability
necessary to open a shop or store, you can
learn how to run your own business, the
risks involved, and how to judge the state
of the market. Ask for a class in "How
to Run a Small Business."

Mature women need not find their age a
bar to employment today, provided they
choose a suitable field and get the proper
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


What can women do through
their organized groups?
Women's groups who want to improve vocational training facilities for girls and
women in their area can do these things :

1 Obtain

able representation on local
school boards, and on State and local
advisory committees on vocational education.

2 Help

in local drives to raise funds for
facilities and equipment needed for
trade classes.

3 Keep

informed on kinds of training being offered and on whether the women
who receive training find jobs in which
they use it.

4 Spread

information about available
training classes, and refer women wanting training to the proper officials.

5 See

that there is full opportunity for
women, regardless of race, national origin, age, marital status, to obtain training for available jobs.

6 Cooperate

in initiating or making surveys that will keep training courses upto-date and add new ones, as the needs
of the community change.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


Are you planning for the future?
Here are a few samples of the job training
women and girls are now getting all over
the country:




Courses at Springfield (Mass.) Trade High
School and at Essex County (N. J.) Vocational
Technical High School teach both the office and
the technical skills needed to be a denti1t's
In South Carolina, girls who want to work in
beauty parlors are taking courses in cosmetology
in a number of trade schools.

Quantity food preparation and 1ervice are
taught at the Edison Technical School in
Seattle, Wash.

► Courses in trade dressmaking, tailoring, designing, and garment manufacture are given in the
Los Angeles (Calif.) Trade Technical Junior



Practical nurses are trained in the Manley Trade
School in Chicago, III., and receive their work
experience in local hospitals.
A complete course in cleaning and dyeing is
given at the Margaret Murray Washington Vocational High School, Washington, D. C.

Training takes time and planning but, if
wisely chosen, will prepare you for the
future with its changes.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

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Here is your chance-

► Learn a trade if you have never

► Increase your skill in your present

► Train for a better job.

To find what training
you should takeIf you do not know what course to take,
find a person who knows how to help you
Such places as your p'1}blic employment
office, public school, local counseling center,
or trade union offer counseling service.
Ask the counselor about learning a new
skill or becoming more expert in your present work.

To find out about classes
in your communityGo to your local school superintendent or
to the director of vocational education in
your community, and inquire what classes·
are available.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


To find out about the training
program in your StateWrite to your State Director of Vocational
Education, at the address shown below:
Alabama, Montgomery.
Arizona, Phoenix.
Arkansas, Little Rock.
California, Sacramento.
Colorado, Denver.
Connecticut, Hartford.
Delaware, Newark.
District of Columbia,
Florida, Tallahassee.
Georgia, Atlanta.
Idaho, Boise.
Illinois, Springfield.
Indiana, Indianapolis.
Iowa, Des Moines.
Kansas, Topeka.
Kentucky, Frankfort.
Baton Rouge.
Maine, Augusta.
Maryland, Baltimore.
Massachusetts, Boston.
Michigan, Lansing.
Minnesota, St. Paul.
Mississippi, Jackson.
Jefferson City.
Montana, Helena.
Nebraska, Lincoln.
Nevada, Carson City.

New Hampshire,
New Jersey, Trenton.
New Mexico, Santa Fe.
New York, Albany.
North Carolina,
North Dakota,
Ohio, Columbus.
Oklahoma, Stillwater.
Oregon, Salem.
Rhode Island,
South Carolina.
South Dakota, Pierre.
Tennessee, Nashville.
Texas, Austin.
Utah, Salt Lake City.
Vermont, Montpelier.
Virginia, Richmond.
Washington, Olympia.
West Virginia,
Wisconsin, Madison.
Wyoming, Cheyenne.

Besides the kind of training described in
this leaflet, there are on-the-job and apprenticeship training programs; for information, write to the D. S. Department of
Labor, Washington 25, D. C.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents
U. S. Government Printing Office
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Price 10 cents.
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