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Work Injuries
in the United States
During 1947
A Collection o f B asic W ork-Injury Data
for Each o f the Major Industries
in the United States
Estim ates o f D isabling W ork Injuries
Injury-Frequency Rates
Injury-Severity M easures
Changes in Injuries and Injury Rates




B ulletin N o. 945
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU O F LABO R ST A T IST IC S




Work Injuries
in the United States
During 1947

B ulletin N o. 945
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
M a u r ic e J . T o b in ,

Secretary

BUREAU O F LABO R ST A T IST IC S
E w an Clagu e,

Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent o f Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D . C. -




Price 15 cents




Letter of Transmittal
U n ited States D epartm en t op L a bo r ,
B u reau op L a bo r Statistics ,

Washington, D. C., October 15, 1948.
T he S e cretary

op

Labor:

I have the honor to transmit a report on the occurrence o f work injuries in the United
States during 1947. Nearly 52,000 establishments with a total em ploym ent o f over 10
million workers participated in the survey on which the report is based.
This bulletin, parts o f which have appeared in the March and October 1948, issues o f the
M onthly Labor Review, was prepared by Frank S. M cElroy, of the Bureau’s Branch of
Industrial Hazards.
E w a n C lague , Commissioner.
Hon. M aurice J. T obin ,
Secretary of Labor.

Contents
Estimates o f disabling work injuries_____________________________________________
In j ury-frequency rates:
Manufacturing_____________________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing__________________________________________________________
Injury severity__________________________________________________________________
Permanent-partial disabilities____________________________________________________
Tem porary-total disabilities_____________________________________________________
Appendix tables:
Table A.— Injury rates and injuriesby extent of disability, 1947_____________
Table B.— Changes in exposure, disabling injuries, and injury rates for 40,283
identical establishments, 1946 to 1947______________________________________
Table C .— Estimates o f disabilities, by extent, for selected manufacturing
industries, 1947____________________________________________________ - _____
Table D .— Distribution of all reported injuries resulting in permanent-partial
disability, according to part of body affected, by industry, 1947_____________
Table E.— Distribution o f tem porary-total disabilities, by duration o f disability,
1947_____________________________________________________________________
Table F.— Indexes of injury-frequency rates in manufacturing, 1926-47, by
extent of disability------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




1
2
4
4
5
6
8
12
15
16
17
20




Work Injuries in the United States During

1947
Despite a general rise in employment and the
effects of several major disasters, the total volume
of disabling work injuries1 in 1947 was essentially
unchanged from the 1946 total. It was, however,
the seventh consecutive year in which such
injuries were in excess of 2 million.

Estimates of Disabling Work Injuries
The 1947 total of disabling work injuries was
estimated by the Bureau of Labor Statistics as
2,059,000. This is less than 1 percent above the
1946 total (2,056,000) and, in view of the ex­
pansion in most industrial activities during the
year, may be regarded as an improvement. The
fatality record was less favorable, however.
About 17,000 workers were killed in on-the-job
accidents during 1947 as compared with 16,500
in 1946— an increase of 3 percent. This dis­
proportionate rise in fatalities resulted primarily
from the Texas City explosion and the Centralia
mine disaster. In contrast, the volume of per­
manent-partial impairments declined from about
92,400 in 1946 to approximately 90,000 in 1947.
The actual time lost because of work injuries
which occurred in 1947 is estimated as about
44.700.000 man-days, or the equivalent o f a
year’s full-time employment for approximately
150.000 workers. This, however, represents only
a part of the total production losses accruing
from these injuries. If additional allowance is
made for the future effects of the deaths and
permanent physical impairments included in the
1947 total, the economic time loss chargeable to
these injuries would amount to about 233,700,000
man-days. This is equivalent to a year’s employ­
ment for 780,000 workers, or about six times as
1 A disabling work injury is an injury arising out of and in the course of
employment which results in death or permanent impairment, or renders the
injured person unable to work at a regularly established job throughout the
hours corresponding to his regular shift on any day after the day of injury.




(l)

much time as was lost during the year because of
strikes.
In addition to the 17,000 workers who died as a
result of work injuries in 1947, there were 1,800
who will be totally disabled and 90,000 who will
have some more or less disabling impairment for
the rest of their lives. Each of the remaining
1,950,200 disabling injuries resulted in an in­
ability to work lasting at least 1 full day after
the day of injury, but without permanent ill-effects.

Chart 1.— Employment and Disabling Work Injuries,
1937-1947
(Estimated)

Although, as in previous years, there were more
fatalities in agricultural activities than in any of
the other major industry groups, the 1947 total of
4,300 was 200 less than the 1946 estimate. Simi­
larly the volume of nonfatal injuries in agriculture
was substantially less in 1947 than in 1946. Con­
tributing factors in this reduction included the
increased availability o f new equipment, repair
parts, and materials, and a generally high level of

however, about 200 more deaths in manufacturing
during 1947 than in 1946, largely due to the
disastrous effects of the Texas City explosion.
Injuries to railroad workers, totaling about
71,900, were nearly 6 percent fewer than in 1946.
Train-service and nontrain accidents both de­
creased in 1947. The volume of train accidents,
on the other hand, increased about 8 percent as
the total mileage operated increased about 1
percent. This resulted in a slight rise in the vol­
ume of train-accident injuries, particularly those
attributed to derailments.

farm income, which permitted farmers to eliminate
many physical hazards which had developed dur­
ing the war period.
Manufacturing had the largest volume of dis­
abling injuries among the major industry groups,
but the 1947 total of 539,000 injuries was 2,500
below the 1946 figure. In view of the substantial
expansion in manufacturing activities, which
normally would be expected to result in a dispro­
portionately greater increase in injuries, this
minor reduction actually represents a very favora­
ble trend in manufacturing safety. There were,

Estimated number of disabling injuries during 1947, by industry group
{Difference between total number of injuries and injuries to employees represents injuries to self-employed workers]
A ll disabilities

Fatalities

Permanent-total Permanent-partial
disabilities
disabilities

Temporary-total
disabilities

Industry group
To em­
ployees

Total

To em­
ployees

All groups....................................................................... 2,059,000

1,634,600

17,000

12,300

1,800

298.000
92.900
151,700
539.000
27,700
360,600
71.900
135,200
382.000

70,600
88,300
105.100
530.100
27,700
287,700
71,900
116,200
337,000

4,300
1.500
2,400
2,700
400
1.500
800
900
2.500

1,000
1,400
1,800
2,600
400
1.300
800
700
2.300

400
200
300
200
(«)
100
300
100
200

Total

Agriculture1...................................................................
M ining and quarrying2............ ...................................
Construction8
................................................................
M anufacturing4.............................................................
Public utilities...............................................................
Trade 8
_...........................................................................
Railroads8......................................................................
Miscellaneous transportation 3__.............................. .
Services, government, and miscellaneous industries 3
„
1 Based on fragmentary data.
* Based largely on Bureau of Mines data.
8 Based on small sample studies.

To em­
ployees

Total

T o em­
ployees

Total

1,400

90,000

71,800

1,950,200

1,549,100

100
200
200
200
<«)
100
300
100
200

14.900
4,100
4,300
27,200
600
8,600
5,000
7,400
17.900

3,500
3.900
3.000
26,800
600
6.900
5.000
6,400
15,700

278.400
87,100
144,700
508,900
26,700
350.400
65,800
126,800
361.400

66,000
82,800
100,100
500,500
26,700
279,400
65,800
109,000
318,800

T o em­
ployees

8 Based on comprehensive survey.
8 Less than 50.
• Based on Interstate Commerce Commission data.

the total volume of disabling injuries, 382,000, was
about 6 percent lower than in 1946, although the
number of fatalities remained constant at about
2,500.

Expanded operations and increased employ­
ment during 1947 were largely responsible for
the rise in the number of injuries in construction,
mining and quarrying, public utility operations,
trade, and miscellaneous transportation. In con­
struction, the 1947 total of 151,700 disabling
injuries was 15 percent greater than in 1946.
Because building construction, which generally
has a lower incidence of serious injuries than heavy
engineering and highway construction, had the
greatest expansion, the volume of construction
fatalities increased only 9 percent to a total of
2,400. In mining and quarrying, fatalities in­
creased 15 percent over 1946, although the total
volume of injuries rose only 11 percent. Three
major explosions in bituminous-coal mines contrib­
uted 146 fatalities to the total— 111 workers were
killed in the Centraiia explosion alone— and three
explosions in the anthracite field accounted for 33
additional deaths.
In the miscellaneous-industry group, composed
largely of services and governmental operations,




Total

Injury-Frequency Bates
Manufacturing. Reflecting widespread improve­
ment in the frequency rates for the individual
manufacturing industries, the weighted injuryfrequency rate for all manufacturing dropped
nearly 6 percent from an average of 19.9 disabling
injuries per million employee-hours worked in
1946 to an average of 18.8 in 1947.
Among the 18 major groups of manufacturing
industries, there were 12 for which the 1947 rates
were at least a full frequency-rate point lower than
their 1946 rates; 5 had rates which differed by less
than a point from their 1946 levels; only one, the
lumber and basic timber products group, had a
higher rate than in 1946.
Well over half of the individual manufacturing in­
dustries had significantly lower rates in 1947 than in

2

rates varied less than a full point from the 1946
averages. Only 23 industries had higher rates in
1947 than in 1946, and only 4 of these increases
amounted to as much as 5 frequency-rate points.

1946. Of the 151 industries for which comparison
was possible, 83 showed reductions of from 1 to 5
points in their frequency rates, and 9 showed reduc­
tions of over 5 points. For 36 industries the 1947

Chart 2.— Injury-Frequency Rates and Severity Averages, Major Manufacturing Groups, 1947

ing, from 35.7 to 29.9; breweries, from 45.3 to 38.4;
plywood mills, from 43.9 to 38.5; and plants man­
ufacturing elevators, escalators, and conveyors,
from 28.4 to 20.0.
The most pronounced rate increases were from
80.4 in 1946 to 102.8 in 1947 for logging; from 35.1
to 42.3 for planing mills; from 19.2 to 25.0 for
battery manufacturing; and from 10.7 to 15.8 for
plants manufacturing professional and scientific
instruments and supplies.

Among the industries for which lower rates were
recorded in 1947, the achievement of the relatively
small boatbuilding and boat-repair industry was
outstanding. For this group of plants the 1947
frequency rate was 33.8, a drop of nearly 14 points
from the average of 47.7 in 1946. This was in
sharp contrast to the rise in the rate for ship­
building and ship repairs, which moved from 20.7
in 1946 to 28.1 in 1947. Other noteworthy rate
reductions included slaughtering and meat pack­




3

was, however, well below the 1946 rate of 41.3 for
this industry.
Preliminary injury-frequency rates for the
various classifications of mining and quarrying
furnished by the United States Bureau of Mines
were generally higher than the rates for most
manufacturing industries. Anthracite mining,
with a rate of 83.4, ranked near the top o f the
highest-rate group of industries.
The more
extensive bituminous-coal mining industry had a
lower rate, 59.8, but this also was considerably
higher than the rates for most manufacturing
industries.
In the metal-mining group, the frequency rates
for iron mining (24.5), gold-placer mining (33.5),
and copper mining (44.7) were within the general
range of rates for the manufacturing industries.
The small gold-silver mining industry, however,
had the highest rate recorded for any industry—
108.4.
Cement quarries had the lowest injury rate
(16.1) among the various quarry classifications.
Limestone, the largest o f the quarry classifications,
had a rate of 44.6.

The lowest injury-frequency rate recorded for
any manufacturing industry in 1947 was 1.9 for
the synthetic-rubber industry. The electric lamp
(bulbs) industry was second with a rate of 3.3,
followed by the women's and children's clothing
industry, 4.3, and the aircraft industry, 4.8.
The highest frequency rate among the manu­
facturing industries was 102.8 for logging. Sawmills
had a rate of 66.6, and combination saw- and
planing-mills, a rate of 56.7. Other industries
with outstandingly high rates included iron
foundries, 44.5; structural clay products, 43.9;
planing mills, 42.3; and wooden containers, 41.9.
Nonmanujacturing. Although there were a few
individual industries which had significant changes
in their 1947 frequency rates, the general level of
rates for the nonmanufacturing industries included
in the Bureau's survey held close to that of 1946.
In the construction group, the rate for building
construction rose from 35.4 in 1946 to 38.7 in 1947.
This was offset, however, by a drop in the rate for
heavy engineering from 46.7 to 41.8 and from 50.5
to 46.8 in the rate for highway construction.
In the transportation group (excluding rail­
roads and air transport), the 1947 rates were lower
for stevedoring, streetcar operations, bus opera­
tions, and warehousing and storage, but were
slightly higher for trucking and hauling. The
stevedoring rate of 72.4 was again one of the highest
recorded.
In the heat, light, and power group, the frequen­
cy rate for electric distribution systems rose
slightly from 14.8 to 16.4, but this was balanced
by a drop from 24.5 to 23.0 in the gas distribution
rate.
None o f the rates for the industries in the
personal services group changed as much as a full
point from their 1946 levels. The business service
group, on the other hand, showed a general trend
to lower rates, with particular improvement in
the automobile-repair and miscellaneous-repair
classifications.
Increases in the rates for wholesale distributors
(18.5 to 20.3), filling stations (8.8 to 10.6), and
miscellaneous retail stores (10.8 to 12.4) raised the
general average for the trade group from 14.2 in
1946 to 16.4 in 1947. As in previous years, the
rate for wholesale and retail building supply
dealers (34.7) was the highest in the group. It




Injury Severity
Although the injury-frequency rate is generally
accepted as the most useful measure of injury
experience, some measure of the relative severity
of the injuries sustained is also recognized as
essential for the complete evaluation of any injury
record. The standard severity ra te2 has long
been the yardstick most widely used for this pur­
pose. In recent years, however, the significance
of this rate has been seriously questioned. The
principal criticisms have been that the severity
of an injury cannot logically be related to the
amount of time worked and that the method of
computation makes it, in effect, merely a weighted
frequency rate rather than a true measure of
injury severity. Inasmuch as it expresses the
total time charges, which in turn represent the
economic consequences of the injuries, in terms of
the actual time worked, it should be designated,
more properly, as an operating cost measure. In
this capacity it is useful in evaluating the economic
loss experienced in a plant or industry as a result
of work injuries.
As an accurate indicator of variations in the
1 The severity rate is the average number of days lost, because of disabling
Work injuries, per 1,000 employee-hours worked.

4

One of the highest severity averages, 203 days
per disabling injury, was for the iron and steel
industry. In this industry 1.7 percent o f all re­
ported disabilities were fatalities or permanenttotal disabilities, and 7.0 percent were permanentpartial disabilities. The vegetable- and animaloils industry also had a high ratio of fatalities
(1.4 percent) and of permanent-partial impair­
ments (5.5 percent) which gave it a severity aver­
age of 181 days per disability. Other high severity
averages included: 164 days per disability for the
paving and roofing materials industry; 162 for cut
stone and cut-stone products; 150 for the electric
light and power industry; and 146 for stevedoring.
High ratios o f fatalities or high average time
charges for permanent-partial impairments were
primarily responsible for each o f these high severity
averages.

actual severity o f injuries, the disability distribu­
tion offers obvious advantages. Its computation
is simple, involving only the classification of the
injuries into well-defined groups and the compu­
tation o f simple percentages. This avoids the
introduction of any artificial or extraneous factors
which might alter or confuse its meaning. Chief
disadvantages are that it is somewhat cumber­
some to use, inasmuch as a complete comparison
requires reference to several sets o f figures, and
that it may not be entirely satisfactory when
applied to small groups o f injuries.
The most-favored single measure of average
injury severity at the present time is the average
time charge per disabling injury. This is com­
puted by adding the amount of actual time lost
because o f temporary-total disabilities and the
standard time charges for deaths and permanent
impairments, and dividing the total by the num­
ber of injuries. It is most commonly referred to
as the severity average or the average time charge.
In general, the severity o f injuries reported in
the manufacturing industries was less in 1947 than
in 1946. The proportion o f fatalities and per­
manent-total disabilities was unchanged at 0.3
percent o f the total volume of injuries. The pro­
portion of permanent-partial disabilities, however,
dropped from 4.9 percent in 1946 to 4.4 percent
in 1947, and the average time charge for these
disabilities fell from 938 to 863 days. The aver­
age number o f days lost per temporary-total
disability also declined from 17 to 16 days. These
shifts were reflected in the severity average, which
dropped from 82 days per injury in 1946 to 73
days in 1947, and also in the severity rate, which
dropped from 1.6 to 1.4.
The highest ratio o f time lost because o f work
injuries in any o f the reporting industries was 10.6
days per 1,000 employee-hours worked, in steve­
doring. This extremely high severity rate re­
flected the industry’s high frequency of injuries,
coupled with a high average time loss for tem­
porary disabilities (28 days per case), and a high
average time charge for permanent-partial disa­
bilities (1,653 days). Other industries with un­
usually high severity rates included logging (9.7),
cut stone and cut-stone products (6.0), heavy­
engineering construction (5.4), and sawmills (5.3).
In each of these industries a comparatively high
frequency rate was coupled with a higher-thanaverage ratio of fatalities.
816885°—49----- 3




Permanent-Partial Disabilities
The survey reports indicated that 80 percent of
all permanent-partial disabilities experienced by
manufacturing workers in 1947 were cases in­
volving the loss or impairment o f a hand or o f one
or more fingers. F oot and toe cases accounted for
7 percent of the total; eye cases, for 4 percent; arm

Chart 3.— Parts of Body Affected by PermanentPartial Disabilities, Manufacturing, 1947

5

cases, for 3 percent; leg cases, 2 percent; and other
parts o f the body, 4 percent.
In the metal-furniture, the stamped and pressed
metal-products, the wooden-container, and the
motor-vehicle parts industries, over 90 percent of
all permanent-partial disabilities were impair­
ments to hands or fingers. In contrast, only 32
percent of the permanent impairments in the gas
distribution industry and 41 percent of those ex­
perienced in stevedoring affected these members.
Foot and toe impairments were particularly promi­
nent in the steam -fittin gs industry, h eavy­
engineering construction, and stevedoring. Rela­
tively high proportions o f eye impairments were
reported in plate fabricating, saw- and planingmills, and forging operations. Arm impairments
accounted for 13 percent of all permanent disabil­
ities in dyeing and finishing, and 11 percent in
streetcar and bus operations. Leg impairments
constituted less than 10 percent of the permanent
disabilities in all of the manufacturing industries
except logging, but assumed greater relative im­
portance in gas distribution, bus and streetcar
transportation, and wholesale and retail distribu­
tion of dairy products.

records based upon the standard method o f
including all injuries which result in one or more
days of disability and those which include only
injuries resulting in more than 3 days of disability.
Tabulations prepared from workmen’s compensa­
tion records frequently are compiled on the latter
basis and require the application of an adjustment
factor to make them comparable with “ standard”
tabulations.
N ot all of the reporting establishments were
able to provide the requested break-down. In the
manufacturing group, however, the distribution
was supplied for 122,903 temporary-total disabil­
ities with a total of 1,782,115 days lost. Cases
involving less than 4 days of lost time constituted
34.5 percent of the total number of injuries, but
accounted for only 5.6 percent of the lost time.
Among the individual manufacturing industries
the ratio of 1-, 2-, and 3-day injuries varied from
12.8 percent of all temporary-total disabilities in
the synthetic textile fibers industry to 52.3 percent
in the aircraft parts industry. Other manufactur­
ing industries with high proportions of short dis­
abilities included: Professional and scientific in­
struments and supplies (52.2 percent); brooms and
brushes (51.3 percent); women’s and children’s
clothing (48.0 percent); elevators, escalators, and
conveyors (47.2 percent); and office, store, and
restaurant fixtures (47.0 percent). W ith the
exception o f brooms and brushes, each o f these
industries had a relatively low severity average.
Nonmanufacturing industries with high propor­
tions of 1-, 2-, and 3-day disabilities include: D ry
cleaning with 53.8 percent of all temporary-total
disabilities in this category; retail apparel, 51.1
percent; eating and drinking places, 46.0 percent;
highway construction, 45.7 percent; hotels, 43.9
percent; and building construction, 43.2 percent.

Temporary-Total Disabilities
For the first time, the establishments participat­
ing in the 1947 survey were requested to supply a
break-down of their temporary-total disabilities
to show the number which resulted in less than 4
days of disability and the number causing four or
more days of disability. It was also requested
that the total amount of lost time should be
broken down on the same bases. Comparisons
based upon these break-downs should assist in the
evaluation of injury severity. The break-down
should also facilitate comparisons between injury

Appendix Tables
Injury-frequency and severity rates, severity
averages, and the disability distribution for indi­
vidual industries and for industry groups are
shown in table A. The group rates were com­
puted by weighting the individual industry rates
according to the total employment in each
industry.




Table B shows changes in employment, em­
ployee-hours worked, disabling injuries, and days
lost for establishments which reported for both
1946 and 1947.
Over-all injury estimates for individual indus­
tries are shown in table C. As in the past, only
such industries are shown as had a reporting group

$

supply this detail the coverage for some industries
was insufficient for inclusion in this break-down.
Table F shows the general trend of industrial
safety in terms of indexes of injury-frequency
rates. These yearly indexes are based upon the
percent change in the rates of establishments
which reported in both the current and preced­
ing year. As they do not reflect the effect of
expansion or contraction in the number of operat­
ing plants they should not be considered as indi­
cating the general frequency rate level at any
given time. They do indicate the safety trend in
the plants having continuing operations.

sufficiently large to warrant the extension of the
reported data to the industry as a whole. Because
of the conservative methods of estimating, the list
of industries shown falls considerably short of the
list in table A.
The percentage distribution of permanent im­
pairments according to the part of the body
affected is shown in industry detail in table D .
Table E is included for the first time. It shows,
for a considerable number of industries, the pro­
portion of all temporary-total disabilities which
involve less than 4 days of lost time per case.
Because many reporting establishments did not

Chart 4.— Industrial Injury-Frequency Rates in Manufacturing, by Types of Disability

1926

1930

1935

1940

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR S TA TISTIC S




1945

1950

FREQUENCY R A TE IS TH E AVERAGE NUMBER OF DISABLING INDUSTRIAL
INJURIE8 FOR BACH MILLION EMPLOYEE - HOURS WORKED

7

8
T able A.— In ju ry rates and in juries by extent o f disability , 1947
[All reporting establishments]
Percent of disabling in­ Average days lost and
—
charged per disability i— Injury rates2
juries resulting in 1
—
Industry

A ll industries *........................... ....................
Manufacturing
Total, manufacturing.....................................

Number Average
of estab­ number
of em­
lishments ployees

Employee- Number
Death
hours
of dis­
worked
and
Tem­
abling perma­ Perma­ porary(thou­
nentinjuries nent- partial total A ll dis­
sands)
abili­
total
dis­
dis­
ties*
ability ability
dis­
ability 8

51,994 10,323,623 21,307,506

359,094

8,318,009 16,917,671

Perma­ Tem­
nent- porary- Fre­
partial total quency Sever­
ity 1
dis­
dis­
ability ability

33,162

295,016

0.3

Apparel and other finished textile products..
Clothing, men’s and boys’ .......................
Clothing, women’s and children’s..........
M illinery...................................................
Apparel and accessories, not elsewhere
classified.................................................
Trimmings and fabricated textile products, not elsewhere classified................

2,000
737
805
65

229,117
121,637
67,164
2,351

428,999
228,883
122,475
4,264

2,964
1,600
522
23

T
.1
(«)

(0
)

79

7,937

14,516

112

(«)

(0
)

314

30,028

58,859

707

.2

3.6

96.2

55

639

21

12.0

.6

Chemicals and allied products. ...................
Compressed and liquefied gases..............
Drugs, toiletries, and insecticides______
Explosives....... J.......................................
Fertilizers.................................... ............
Industrial chemicals.................................
Paints, varnishes, and colors...................
Paving and roofing materials..................
Petroleum refining8
.................................
Plastic materials, except rubber..............
Soap and glycerin.....................................
Synthetic rubber......................................
Synthetic textile fibers.............................
Vegetable and animal oils........................
N ot elsewhere classified...........................

2,111
64
306
64
418
402
391
35
(»)
49
129
7
27
37
182

580,115
9,401
64,610
12,101
24,260
133,650
43,166
6,884
145,000
22,498
21,947
7,850
62,565
4,946
21,237

1,182,771
19,665
127,539
24,153
48,554
273,902
88,961
14,419
302,500
46,834
45,361
15,936
119,363
10,699
44,878

13,963
193
1,532
128
1,534
3,598
1,539
235
2,742
339
427
31
688
218
759

.5
(«)

95.4
(«)
96.1
(«)
97.0
94.4
96.7
91.9
(9
)
(6
)
96.3
(«)
98.5
93.1
91.8

96
(6
)
56
(«)
78
107
69
164
(»)
(«)
80
(0
)
31
181
120

1,189
(«)
1,048
(«)
1,269
1,241
859
1,306
(9
)
(6
)
450
(0
)
1,160
1,588
1,075

15

1.4
.4

4.1
(«)
3.9
(«)
2.5
5.2
2.7
7.2
(fl)
(«)
2.8
(«)
1.5
5.5
7.8

(#
)
16
(*)
15
17
12
20
(«)
(6
)
12
(«)
14
12
14

« 12.6
9.8
12 0
5.3
31.6
13.1
17.3
16.3
9.1
7.2
9.4
1.9
5.8
2o! 4
16.9

*1.7
.6
7
3.5
2.5
2.0
1.4
2.7
(9
)
1.7
1.3
.8
.8
3.7
2.3

1,066
34
47

680,126
19,100
15,503

1,362,061
37,279
30,821

12,192
714
770

.2
(®)
.3

6.9
(«)
1.4

92.9
(6
)
98.3

78
(0
)

43

714
(*)
1,100

17
(«)
11

« 8.8
19.2
25.0

8.8
.4
1.0

84,016
35,857
328,555
23,691
15,569
145,053
12,782

174,960
69,111
665,590
46,812
31,210
282,601
23,672

904
1,040
6,298
153
426
1,759
128

(0
)

(6
)
8.3
8.0
(6
)
(6
)
5.3
(«)

(«)
91.7
91.7
(6
)
(6
)
94.7
(«)

(«)
77
91
(6
)
(6
)
43
(«)

(«)
785
688
(6
)
(«)
572
(«)

(«)
13
19
(«)
(«)
14
(«)

5.2
15j
*0
9.5
3.3
13.6
6.2
5.4

1.0
1.3
*.9
1.4

N ot elsewhere classified...........................

43
72
547
30
41
218
34

Food products.................................................
Baking........ ..............................................
Beverages, not elsewhere classified_____
Breweries.......... .......................................
Canning and preserving...........................
Confectionery...........................................
Dairy products.........................................
Distilleries.................................................
Flour, feed, and grain-mill products.......
Slaughtering and meat packing—..........
Sugar refining...........................................
N ot elsewhere classified...........................

4,171
689
284
284
418
261
359
135
545
828
99
269

536,754
61,984
6,998
53,898
72,427
42,879
23,810
30,431
50,589
135,977
29,166
28,595

1,112,622
131,290
14,349
114,591
120,619
84,205
55,760
61,220
108,585
298,426
62,649
60,922

29,036
2,372
463
4,399
3,290
1,353
1,266
715
2,943
8,929
2,056
1,250

3.0
2.8
1.3
4.9
3.4
4.3
2.0
3.2
2.7
1.4
2.5
1.5

96.7
96.9
98.7
94.8
96.2
95.6
97.6
96.3
97.0
98.4
96.9
98.4

65
58
25
96
79
60
56
84
65
31
76
39

1,118
929
1,142
1,295
1,126
966
991
1,157
1,219
684
1,033
1,185

14
14
10
13
19
14
15
21
13
11
16
14

«24.0
18.1
32. 3
38.’ 4
27.3
16.1
22.7
11.7
27.1
29.9
32.8
20.5

« 1.6
1.1
.8
3! 7
2.3
1.0
1.3
.9
2.0
1.3
2.5
1.1

Furniture and finished lumber products----Furniture, metal......................................
Furniture, except metal...........................
M attrpssps ftT d hod springs
|
_
_
■Morticians’ supplies
Office, store, and restaurant fixtures
W ooden containers...................................
N ot elsewhere classified...........................

2,262
82
838
272
102
116
470
382

232,439
22,277
95,069
21,329
7,413
11,346
42,180
32,825

477,794
45,548
197,597
42,773
14,271
22,755
86,228
68,618

14,366
891
5,569
1,066
357
543
3,610
2,330

.2
.1
.2

5.4
8.1
6.3
3.6
2.8
4.4
4.1
4.1

94.4
91.8
93.5
96.4
97.2
95.6
95.5
95.6

64
59
72
27
44
40
66
68

743
517
774
458
1,200
700
734
892

12
11
12
11
10
10
13
14

*29.5
19.6
28.2
24.9
25.0
23! 9
4L9
34.0

« 2.0
1.1
2.1
.8
1*1
1*0
2! 8
2.7

Iron and steel and their products--------------Bolts, mits, washer,s, and rivets
P.nlri finished steel
rVnt]PTY and edge tools
_
Fabricated structural steel......................
Forgings, iron and steel...........................
Foundries, iron.........................................
Foundries, steel....... .................................
Hardware................................. ................
Heating equipment, not elsewhere clas­
sified.......................................................
Iron and steel............................................
M etal coating and engraving...................
Ornamental metal work..........................
Plate fabrication and boiler-shop prod­
ucts.........................................................
Plumbers’ supplies...................................

4,655
82
46
126
420
172
792
127
177

1,469,141
21,893
12,323
23,453
57, 754
52,928
138,438
52,800
57,204

2,962,106
44,347
25,533
49,199
119,526
106,049
284,342
104,883
114,716

61,828
868
581
1,161
3,261
3,011
12,644
3,380
1,831

.5

.4
.2
.3
.8
.2

4.9
3.5
7.3
5.3
4.7
4.5
2.1
2.7
9.3

94.6
96.5
92.7
94.7
94.9
95.3
97.6
96.5
90.5

91
50
88
63
77
49
50
86
84

836
940
957
972
757
608
1,028
653
612

18
17
20
12
16
13
12
21
17

*22.3
19.6
22. 8
*
23! 6
27.’ 3
28.4
44.5
32.2
16.0

*1.9
.8
2*l
1*6
l .*8
1.6
2.3
2.1
1.4

250
206
120
119

61,102
539,887
13,758
11,830

120,829
1,083,576
26,781
24,475

4,148
8,880
770
681

.3
1.7
.3
.4

4.4
7.0
3.9
2.6

95.3
91.3
95.8
97.0

62
203
49
52

783
949
570
600

13
36
11
11

34.3
8.2
28.8
27.8

2.4
1.7
1.5
1.5

218
107

40,951
40,894

83,307
82,917

3,099
1,933

.4
.3

4.5
2.2

95.1
97.5

86
54

992
864

17
17

37.2
23.3

2.7
1.2

Electrical machinery, equipment, and
supplies.........................................................
Autom otive electrical equipment............
Batteries....................................................
Communication and signaling equip­
ment, except radio.............. .................
Electrical appliances__________________
Electrical equipment for industrial use..
Electric lamps (bulbs).............................
Insulated wire and cable...................... —
Radios and phonographs. _

See footnotes at end of table.




(«)

.5
.4
.6
.9
1.5
(«)
.9
(t)
t

.3
(«)
(«)
(«)
.3
.3
.3
.4
.1
.4
.5
.3
.2
.6
.1

.4
.3

4.4
—
.9
.6

95.3

73

863

16

818.8

98.2
99.0
99.4
(«)

33
25
11
(6
)

723
957
450
(«)

13~
10
9
(«)

86.9
7.0
4.3
5.4

(0
)

(#
)

(0
)

(#
)

7.7

«1.4

m
\7

8.2
.2
.1
.4

.3

3

0 *

9
T able

A .— In ju ry rates and in juries by extent o f disability , 1947— Continued
Percent of disabling in­ Average days lost and Injury rates 8
—
—
juries resulting in 1
— charged per disability1
Employee- Number
Death
Number Average
hours
number
of dis­
Perma­ Tem­
and
Perma­ Tem­
worked
of estab­
abling
of em­
nentll dis­ nentlishments ployees
(thou­
injuries perma­ partial porary- Aabil­ partial porary- Fre­
nenttotal
total quency Sever­
sands)
it y 8
total
dis­
dis­
ities 8
dis­
dis­
dis­
ability ability
ability ability
ability 8

Industry

Manufacturing—C ontinued
Iron and steel and their products—Con.
Screw-machinc prod1
1
Sheet-metal w o rk ___________________
Stamped and pressed metal products,
not elsewhere classified.........................
Steam fittings and apparatus..................
Steel barrels, kegs, drums, and packages.
Steel sprin gs________________________
Tin no-Tig and other tinware___________
Tools, except edge tools...........................
VitrAoUS-eimmeled products
Wire and wire products...........................
Wrought pipes, welded and heavy-rive te d .......................................................
N ot elsewhere classified-..........................

11
16

19.3
24.2

1.1
1.3

14
15
15
18
13
19
17

23.4
25.2
19.4
21.2
18.6
23.7
22.9
21.5

2.1
3.1
1.4
1.0
1.4
1.5
1.1
2.0

15

24.2
24.5

2.0
1.8

784
698
899
712

14
12
15
14

813.0
9.6
29.4
14.1

8
.6
.4
1.4
.9

85
95
78
75
111
88
104
57

1,102
1,424
1,122
990
1,013
884
1,179
620

17
17
18
18
13
15
16
19

8 66.0
102.8
66.6
56.7
42.3
38.5
39.3
36.6

8 5.9
9.7
5.3
4.0
4.1
3.5
4.8
2.6

94.7
94.2
95.2
91.8
96.3
96.0
94.2
0
95.2

56
50
37
84
54
28
132
0
54

672
686
450
652
879
422
1,009
0
668

13
11
16
13
14
11
25
12

819.7
23.4
14.4
11.6
28.5
20.0
13.6
29.4
24.6

8 1.2
1.7
.5
1.0
1.8
.7
1.5
.9
1.3

5.4

94.5

53

676

12

22.6

1.2

817

3.4

96.6

52

1,218

12

24.8

1.5

71,638

1,003

4.5

95.5

47

790

12

14.0

.6

30,008
164,343
37,403

60,329
335,637
77,782

1,227
5,200
1,564

.2

6.9
6.3
3.9

93.1
93.5
96.1

47
56
33

450
544
523

18
13
13

20.3
15.5
20.1

1.0
1.0
.6

376
125

73,710
27,247

154,392
56,437

3,300
1,036

.2

4.2
3.4

95.6
96.6

48
32

575
550

12
14

21.4
18.4

1.0
.8

808
50
386
42

209,820
15,134
32,029
38,990

441,647.
30,969
64,289
78,529

7,844
644
1,737
1,229

.1

5.7
7.0
3.9
0

94.2
93.0
95.9
0

60
55
50

642
534
742
0

18
19
12

817.1
20.8
27.0
15.7

8
.8
.9
1.5
.9

12,400
4,000
10,500
6,100
41,500
49,167

31,940
10,840
28,670
14,180
84,052
98,175

707
194
996
362
671
1,304

(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
9.2
6.7

(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
90.8
93.1

0
0
0
0

0

0

0

178
130

26,925
11,881

56,169
23,991

1,084
580

437
180
39
33
81
196
20
220

103,207
40,260
7,832
13,960
27,841
27; 143
5,268
54; 637

207,468
80,496
16,335
27,263
57,272
55,019
10,090
106,741

4,853
2,030
317
578
1,067
1,304
231
2,296

17
162

6,623
18,349

12,840
37,931

311
929

Leather and leather products.........................
Boots and shoes, not rubber___________
L eather....................................................
‘N n elsewhere classified
T t.

732
444
171
117

178,615
136,834
32,356
9,425

350,046
265,830
66,087
18,128

Lumber and timber basic products...............
Logging....................................................
Sawmills...................................................
Sawmills and planing mills combined.
Planing mills...........................................Plywood mills..........................................
Veneer mills..............................................
M illwork (structural)............... - .............

1,667
239
610
128
246
69
67
408

141,714
19,742
37,593
20,302
14,893
14,681
5,939
28,564

M achinery, except electric.............................
Agricultural machinery and tractors___
■Roarings, hall and roller
Commercial and household m achinery..
Construction and mining machinery----Elevators, escalators, and conveyors----Engines and turbines..............................
Fabricated pipe and fittings....................
Food-products m achinery.......................
General industrial machinery and equip­
ment, not elsewhere classified..............
General machine shops (jobbing and
repair)
__________________
Mechanical measuring and controlling
in<it.rnmp.nt.<!
Mechanical power transmission equip­
ment, except ball and roller bearings. .
Metalworking m achinery.......... .......... Pumps and compressors
Special industry machinery, not else­
where classified......................................
Textile machinery
________________

3,586
229
53
235
295
53
76
9
145

Nonferrous metals and their products...........
Aluminum and magnesium products—
Foundries, nonferrous..............................
Nonferrous basic shapes and forms.........
Primary smelting and refining:8
Copper...............................................
Lead-silver..........................................
Zinc.....................................................
Miscellaneous....................................
Watches, clocks, jewelry, and silverware.
N ot elsewhere classified...........................

6.6
3.1

93.4
96.9

.4

7.5
6.1
C
O
5.9
8.4
5.5
4.8
4.5

92.2
93.5
(6
)
94.1
91.6
94.4
95.2
95.1

.1

0
5.2

0
94.7

4,746
2,549
1,942
255

.2
.2
.2

3.1
3.5
2.3
6.7

292,945
37,887
76,558
42,604
32,158
31,967
13,241
58,528

16,660
3,895
5,096
2,416
1,359
1,231
521
2,142

.6
.8
.5
.4
.8
.4
.8
.3

1,105,450
134,092
40,502
195,957
93,150
15,290
85,260
1,158
27,627

2,245,598
270,664
78,150
394,653
192,277
32,472
173,678
2,348
57,633

41,897
6,341
1,124
4,582
5,472
650
2,354
69
1,418

.2

499

126,613

254,508

5,740

317

16,347

32,994

89

36,743

86
868
131

(9
)
0
0
(9
)

134
196

Ordnance and accessories...............................

24

33,404

69,435

392

Paper and allied products..............................
Paper boxes and containers.....................
Paper and pulp.........................................
Not elsewhere classified...........................

1,411
77
623
491
220

315,126
8,445
63,112
204,191
39,378

679,190
17,559
130,053
451,184
80,392

2,582
1,674
61
847

212,970
103,954
4,466
104,550

428,208
211,869
9,112
207,226

3,995
1,982
91
1,922

629
978

89
91
57
66
55
46
85

783
870
0
736
592
624
600
938

69

0
875

96.7
96.3
97.5
93.3

50
50
48
61

2.8
1.9
2,7
3.5
5.0
5.9
3.3
3.2

96.6
97.3
96.8
96.1
94.2
93.7
95.9
96.5

1.0
0
.2

5.1
5.8
4.8
7.8
3.5
4.0
4.8
0
4.6

.1

.3
.4
<)
6
.1

0

.4
.2

.2
0
1.0
1 2.1
0
1 .I
0
10.6
.2

15,295
216
2,794
10,630
1,655

Printing and publishing.................................
Book and job printing.............................
Bookbinding.............................................
News and periodical................................

52
46

Envelopes

________________

See footnotes at end of table.




0
.3
.2
.4
.2
.3
.3
0

.3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

51
91

0
0
0
0
414
830

0
0
0
0

0

14
26

22.1
17.9
34.7
25.5
8.0
13.3

0

0
0
0
0

.3
1.0

5.6

.4

4.6
3.2
8.1
3.2
3.7

95.1
96.8
91.7
96.4
96.1

79
45
109
74
62

1,039
893
1,073
1,061
947

15
17
14
17
13

822.1
12.3
21.5
23.6
20.6

8 1.9
.6
2.6
1.9
1.4

4.2
5.4
0
3.0

95.5
94.3
0
96.7

68
90

944
1,110
0
706

13
13

«9.4
9.4
10.0
9.3

8.7
.8
.4
.5

0

50

0

13

10
T able

A .— In ju ry rales and injuries by extent o f disability , 1947— Continued
Percent of disabling in­ Averag<3 days lost and Injury rates
juries resulting in
charged per disability1
—

Industry

Employee- Number
Number Average
Death
hours
of dis­
of estab­ number
worked
and
Perma­ Tem­
Perma­ Tem­
of em­
abling
lishments ployees
(thou­
nentll dis­ nentinjuries perma­ partial porary- Aabil­ partial porary- Fre­
sands)
nenttotal
total quency Sever­
it y 8
total
disdis­
ities 8
dis­
dis­
dis­ ability Sability
ability ability
ability8

Manufacturing—Continued.
Rubber products.............................................
Rubber boots and shoes_______ _______
Rubber tires and tubes__________ _____
N ot elsewhere classified_______________

280
32
41
207

222,627
34,654
109,440
78,533

445,104
70,917
217,185
157,001

5,793
698
2,287
2,808

0.2
(#
)
.6
.2

6.8
0
5.0
7.8

93.0
(#
)
94.4
92.0

103
(•)
90
116

1,088
0
706
1,189

Stone, clay, and glass products......................
Cement mills (excluding quarries) 8
........
Clay products (structural)......................
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products.
Cut stone and cut-stone products...........
Glass..........................................................
Pottery and related products..................
N ot elsewhere classified...........................

1,299
(•)
445
270
74
223
142
145

247,714
24,100
43,426
11,869
2,793
94,807
34,760
35,959

516,324
61,800
88,674
26,180
5,873
190,603
71,471
71,720

11,814
670
3,892
946
216
3,017
1,508
1,565

.5
102.2
.6
.2
2.3
.1
.5
.6

2.5
0
1.5
3.4
2.8
3.1
1.9
5.1

97.0
(9
)
97.9
96.4
94.9
96.8
97.6
94.3

65
C
O
58
80
162
56
56
89

904
0
737
1,328
400
1,019
753
869

Textile and textile-mill products...................
Carpets, rugs, and other floor coverings.
Cordage and twine ____
Cotton yarn and textiles..........................
Dyeing and finishing textiles..................
Hats, except cloth and millinery.............
Kmt goods................................................
Rayon and other synthetic and silk textiles.........................................................
W oolen and worsted textiles...................
N ot elsewhere classified...........................

2,506
88
56
591
363
25
704

769,821
37,779
9,696
305; 369
62,686
7,490
129,806

1,543,089
78,275
19,220
607,356
127,936
13,792
265,329

20,767
1,399
447
7,423
2,457
178
1,821

.2

.2

3.9
9.6
5.4
3.8
3.7
(6
)
3.0

95.9
90.4
94.6
96.0
96.2
0
96.8

65
102
54
68
67
00
48

1,014
921
681
1,030
1,272
0
928

215
398
66

64,986
140,593
11,416

132,225
276,502
22,450

1,376
5,132
534

.2
.3
.3

1.7
2.3
3.5

98.1
97.4
96.2

50
57
84

1,287
938
1,495

Transportation equipment_______ ________
Aircraft___
_ _ _ .
Aircraft parts________________________
Boatbuilding and repairs.........................
M otor vehicles.........................................
M otor-vehicle parts..................................
Railroad equipment.................................
Shipbuilding and repairs.........................
N ot elsewhere classified_______________

858
29
66
80
214
187
93
168
21

884,495
129,696
68,695
4,496
312,084
199,257
73,980
85,667
10,620

1,760,592
257,987
136,791
9,264
617,684
393,276
153,048
172,742
19,800

23,803
1,234
1,520
313
5,843
6,924
2,741
4,849
379

.3

.1
.1
.3
.9
.3

6.3
10.6
4.1
(6
)
8.8
6.7
4.4
3.0
6.9

93.4
89.4
95.8
0
91.1
93.2
95.3
96.1
92.8

83
126
48
00
94
60
77
114
64

717
1,010
674
0
713
622
833
896
531

Miscellaneous manufacturing
Brooms and brushes........................ ........
Coke ovens: 8
Beehive________ _________________
Byproduct..........................................
Fabricated plastic products.....................
Optical and ophthalmic goods.................
Photographic apparatus and m aterials..
Professional and scientific instruments
and supplies. _
...... _ __
Tobacco products.....................................
N ot elsewhere classified...........................

1,168
77

301,965
8,197

619,140
17,245

7,661
313

.1
.3

4.6
2.2

95.3
97.5

56
76

767
2,114

140
45
50

2,900
20,800
23,639
19,103
51,309

5,990
60,780
47,299
38,554
100,533

224
705
856
303
627

w 1.8
W1.4
.2
(fl)
0

(«)
0
7.5
(e)
(#
)

(9
)
(9
)
92.3
00
00

(9
)
(9
)
93
00
0

0
0
951
0
0

131
195
530

30,431
52,527
93,059

61,871
98,027
188,838

979
737
2,917

.1
.1

2.3
3.3
5.7

97.7
96.6
94.2

36
42
57

0
(#)
(#)
(9)
0

276,197
164,004
57,723
45,044
9,289

11,384
6,351
2,411
2,109
500

.8
.6
1.3
.6
1.2

2.2
2.3
2.5
1.8
1.2

97.0
97.1
96.2
97.6
97.6

•6
.6

.5
.4

0
0

.2
.1
0

.1
0

813.2
9.8
10.5
17.9

81.4
.5
1.1
2.0

8 24.3
10.8
43.9
36.1
36.8
15.8
21.1
21.8

81.9
0
2.7
2.8
6.0
.8
1.2
2.1

12

*13.2
17.9
23.3
12.2
19.2
12.9
6.9

* 1.0
1.8
1.2
1.0
1.5
.3
.3

16
16
12

10.4
18.6
23.8

.5
1.3
2.1

22
21
15
25
12
21
37
13

8 14.2
4.8
11.1
33.8
9.5
17.6
17.9
28.1
19.1

•1.1
.7
.6
1.2
.7
.9
1.3
3.2
1.2

14
10

8 13.5
18.2

8 1.0
1.4

13

37.4
11.6
18.1
7.9
6.2

472
696
671

26
11
13

15.8
7.5
15.4

g
i3
1.0

87
78
129
63
96

1,259
1,348
1,269
941
1,100

14
13
19
11
11

40.9
38.7
41.8
46.8
53.8

3.6
3.0
5.4
2.9
5.2

58
57

15
15

3.0
3.0
1.8

.2
.2
.2

20
28
14
14
23
13
13

27.5
72.4
22.0
15.9
22.3
38.2
33.5
3.7

2.1
10.6
1.5
1.2
1.2
2.3
2.1
.2

15
16
12

18.1
16.4
23.0
20.1

2.3
2.5
1.8
.2

17

21.0

.9

16
0

22
14
14

0

13
25
13
17
12
12
16
15
18
17
18

0

0

0
0
0
0

0
0

2.2
.3
.7

Nonmanufacturing
Construction1 ................................................
1
Building construction..............................
Heavy engineering...................................
Highway construction................ ............
N ot elsewhere classified...........................

2,297
1,640
186
339
128

Communication n__.......................................
Telephone (wire and radio).....................
Radio broadcasting and television..........

569
118
451

548,569
532,033
16,536

982,170
950,242
31,928

2,922
2,865
57

0

98.9
99.0
00

0

1,200
1,155
0

Transportation1 ............................................
1
Stevedoring...............................................
Streetcar....................................................
B us...........................................................
Streetcar and bus.....................................
Trucking and hauling..............................
Warehousing and storage.................. .
N ot elsewhere classified...........................

1,175
73
19
259
52
456
252
62

220,204
0
10,909
36,667
98,674
13,186
15,826
2,331

552,519
41,022
24,840
85,768
234,874
28,947
31,848
5,399

15,169
2,971
546
1,364
5,226
1,107
1,067
20

.4
.5
.2
.5
.3
.5
.3
0

2.1
5.8
2.4
2.6
.9
1.6
2.4
0

97.5
93.7
97.4
96.9
98.8
97.9
97.3
00

76
146
67
76
53
60
62
0

1,453
1,553
1,777
1,206
1,514
914
1,356
0

Heat, light, and pow er1 ................................
1
Electric light and power..........................
Gas............................................................
Steam heat and power.............................

609
376
219
14

334,560
245,807
88,237
516

695,938
512,074
182,720
1,143

12,597
8,373
4,201
23

1.3
1.7
.5
0

2.1
2.0
2.3
(6
)

96.6
96.3
97.2
00

127
150
80
0

1,608
1,629
1,573
0

Waterworks n_................................................

151

10,018

21,230

445

.2

.9

98.9

41

1,225

See footnotes at end of table.




0

0

0

0

11
T able

A.— In ju ry rates and injuries by extent o f disability , 1947— Continued
Percent of disabling in­ Average days lost and Injury rates * charged per disability *—
juries resulting in

Industry

Employee- Number
Number Average
Death
hours
of dis­
Tem­
Tem­
of estab­ number
worked
and
of em­
abling perma­ Perma­ porary- A ll dis­ Perma­ porarynentlishments ployees
(thou­
nentFre­
injuries nent- partial total
abil­ partial total quency Seversands)
ity i
dis­
dis­
total
dis­
ities8
dis­
ability ability
dis­
ability ability
ability8

Nonmanufacturing—Continued
12
12
15
12

2.5
4.0
3.0
4.0
0
1.1
.7
(0
)
0

97.1
95.6
96.6
95.5
(#
)
98.6
99.3
0
0

69
78
64
115
(«)
37
13
0
0

1,316
1,004
919
1,771
(6
)
880
300
0
0

2.4
3.2
1.6
0
3.9
0
1.2

97.4
96.8
98.1
(6
)
95.9
0
98.8

57
54
72

18

1,332
1,244
2,517
0
1,191
0
400

.4

1.6

98.0

58

1,394

14

8.0

.5

2,392

1.1

.5

98.4

97

2,618

18

24.8

2.4

Personal services.............................................
Dry cleaning.............................................
Laundries................ ...... ..........................
Laundry and dry cleaning......................
Amusements and related services...........
Hotels.......................................................
Eating and drinking places___________M edical and other professional services..
Miscellaneous personal services..............

3,135
615
589
465
145
398
635
159
129

177,627
19,382
31,616
39,282
10,855
51,440
13,586
8; 546
2,920

379,875
40,922
67,164
86,483
20,657
113,491
27,582
17,709
5,863

3,783
224
538
726
155
1,746
284
66
44

Business services.............................................
Banks and other financial aganmas__ _
Insurance............................ I...................
Real estate................................................
Miscellaneous business services..............
Automobile repair shops and garages___
Miscellaneous repair services__________

2,520
862
462
239
342
356
259

182,372
53,488
96j 305
4,779
18,730
4,826
4,244

356,217
104,296
186,344
9,893
35,868
10,854
8,960

1,590
277
376
48
439
196
254

Educational services......................................

208

122,076

204,414

1,632

Fire departments............................................

211

27,834

96,285

0.4
.4
.4
.5
0
.3
0
0
.2
.3
(#
)

.2
(#
)

0

73

0

0

10
11

0
0
14
14
16
0
0

14
13

10.0
5.5
8.0
8.4
7.5
15.3
10.3
3.7
7.5

0.7
.4
.5
.9
1.9
.6
.1
.9
.1

4.5
2.7
2.0
4.9
12.2
18.1
28.3

.3
.1
.1
.1
.9
1.0
.5

Police departments.........................................

159

18,585

44,435

1,293

1.3

.5

98.2

107

1,957

18

29.1

3.1

T rade1 ............................................................
1
Wholesale distributors.............................
Retail, general merchandise....................
Retail food___ _______________________
Wholesale and retail dairy products.......
Retail automobiles and accessories.........
Filling stations.........................................
Retail apparel and accessories.................
Miscellaneous retail stores. ....................
Wholesale and retail building supplies..
Wholesale and retail trade, not elsewhere
classified.................................................

7,798
2,437
439
689
358
751
180
628
1,424
541

363,769
88,059
111,070
32,315
22,646
17,754
2,418
26,738
33,563
16,433

739,223
185,453
195,169
71,819
54,945
39,774
5,558
52,854
70,772
35,659

11,263
3,771
1,139
1,339
1,344
740
59
247
876
1,238

.3
.3
.2

97.7
97.9
99.0
99.1
96.7
97.9
(6
)
99.2
97.3
94.8

50
50
30
18
77
38
33
59
86

1,063
1,148
822
788
1,491
1,020
0
300
911
914

12
12
13
11
15
9

.4
.5
.5

2.0
1.8
.8
.9
3.0
2.0
0
.4
2.2
4.7

8
13
15

*16.4
20.3
5.8
18.6
24.5
18.6
10.6
4.7
12.4
34.7

8
.8
1.0
.2
.3
1.9
.7
1.3
.2
.7
3.0

351

12,773

27,216

510

.2

.8

99.0

29

350

15

18.7

.6

0
0

390,500
78,500

781,190
152,000

46,690
12,675

» 2.1
i®1.4

0
0

(•)
(9
)

(•)
(•)

(9
)
(9
)

0
0

59.8
83.4

0
0

0

58,890
39,510
35,540
11,570
6,930
7,150

1,441
1,767
3,233
1,254
232
677

* 2.5
®
i®1.8
1.0
i » l .l
10.9
io 1.0

0
0
(9
)
0

(9
)
(9
)
0
0

0

24.5
44.7
91.0
108.4
33.5
94.7

0
0
0
0

(9
)

(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)

0
0
0
0

(9
)

0
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)

M ining and quarrying: 8
Coal mines:
Bituminous___________________ _
Anthracite..........................................

.3
.1
0

0

0

M etal mines:
Iron ...................................................
Copper...............................................
Lead-zinc............................................
Gold-silver_______________ _______
Gold placer........................................
Miscellaneous metal..........................

(9)

26,400
16,100
16,800
5,600
3,600
3,200

Nonmetal mines.......................................

0

12,300

29,280

1,347

10.9

(9
)

(9
)

(•)

(9
)

0

46.0

0

Quarries:
Cement (excluding m ills).................
Limestone............................. ............
Lime...................................................
M arble...............................................
Granite...............................................
Traprock............................................
Slate...................................................
Sandstone...........................................

(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)

4,400
25,600
9,400
2,900
5,700
2,600
1,700
3,900

9,440
44,560
22,680
6,420
12,280
5,290
4*510
7,910

152
1,987
1,236
167
767
271
243
461

i« 4.6
io 1.4
10.5
1 1.2
0
io.3
io 4
io L 2
io 1.3

0

0

(9
)

0
0
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(9
)

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0

16.1
44.6
54.5
26.0
62.5
51.2
53.9
58.3

0
0
0
0

Ore dressing (mills and auxiliaries):
Copper...............................................
Iron....................................................
Gold-silver.................................... .
Lead-zinc............................................
Miscellaneous metals........................

(•)
(•)
(9)
(9)

5,900
3,300
1,000
4,300
1,300

15,330
6,680
2,330
9,270
2,770

302
92
117
272
100

io 7
io £ 2
1 1.7
0
io.7

0
0
0
0
0

19.7
13.8
50.2
29.3
36.1

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

00
0

0

0

(9
)

i Based on reports which furnished details regarding the resulting disabili­
ties, constituting approximately 60 percent of the total sample.
8 The frequency rate is the average number of disabling injuries for each
million employee-hours worked. The severity rate is the average number of
days lost for each thousand employee-hours worked. The standard time-loss
ratings for fatalities and permanent disabilities are given in M ethod of Com­
piling Industrial Injury Kates, approved by the American Standards Asso­
ciation, 1945. Relatively few of the injuries resulting from the Texas City
disaster were reported in the survey. The injury rates, therefore, reflect
normal operations only and exclude the effect of this unusual occurrence.
This is particularly true in respect to the rates for chemical manufacturing
and stevedoring.
* Each death or permanent-total disability is charged with a time loss of




0

0

0

0
0

0
0

(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
0
0
(9
)

(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(®)
(9
)

(9
)
(9
)
(9
)
(®)
(9
)

0
0
(9
)
0
0

(9
)
0
0
(9
)
(9
)

(9
)

(9
)

(9
)

(9
)
(®
)

(0)
(9)

(9
)

(9
)
(9
)

0

0
0

0

0

0

6,000 days in the computation of severity rates.
4 Except M ining and Quarrying data compiled by the Bureau of M ines,
TJ. S. Department of Interior.
* Weighted according to estimates of total current employment in each
industry.
* Disability distribution and average time charges not given because of
small number of injuries for which details were reported.
i Less than 0.05.
8 Preliminary data compiled by the Bureau of Mines, U. 8. Department
of Interior.
* N ot available.
Fatalities only.
u Primarily reported by company instead of by establishment.

12
T able

B .— Changes in exposure, disabling in ju ries , and in ju ry rates fo r £0,288 identical establishments, 1946 to 1947
Percent of change in—
industry

Manufacturing
Total, manufacturing................................................................................

Number
of estab­
lishments

Employees

Employeehours
worked

Disabling
injuries

Total
time
lost

Frequency
rate

Severity
rate

26,227

+5

+7

-2

Apparel and other finished textile products............................................
Clothing, men’s and boys’ .................................................................
Clothing, women’s and children’s................. ..................................
M illinery.............................................................................................
Apparel and accessories, not elsewhere classified.............................
Trimmings and fabricated textile products, not elsewhere classified..............................................- .................................................

1,423
528
562
57
40

+ r
+6
+3
-5
-6

+2
+6
+1
-4
-9

—5~

-1

-6

-1 5

-3 1

-1 0

-2 9

Chemicals and allied products *..........—.................................................
Compressed and liquefied gases--....................................................
Drugs, toiletries, and insecticides.....................................................
Explosives...........................................................................................
Fertilizers....................................... ............................. ........ ..............
Industrial chemicals...........................................................................
Paints, varnishes, and colors.............................................................
Paving and roofing materials............................................................
Plastic materials, except rubber........................................................
Soap and glycerin...............................................................................
Synthetic textile fibers........- .............................................................
Vegetable and animal oils..................................................................
Not elsewhere classified.....................................................................

1,736
44
255
51
376
311
333
28
32
105
23
33
142

+5
+7
+1
+17
+12
+6
+5
+13
+7
+10
+3
-1 0
+3

+4
+6
+15
+9
+5
+4
+2
+6
+13
-2
+3
+2

-9
+9
-1 3
+9
+3
-1 3
-4
-1 5
+6
+9
-1 4
-1 7
-1 6

+12
-6 6
-4 9
+986
-1 1
+17
+85
+91
-4 6
+25
-4 3
+17
+5

» -1 3
+3
-1 2
-6
-5
-1 8
-8
-1 6
-1
-4
-1 2
-2 0
-1 8

1+12
-6 9
-5 0
+800
-1 9
+16
+75
+87
-4 1
+8
-2 7
+15
+4

Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies.....................................
Automotive electrical equipment......................................................
Batteries..............................................................................................
Communication and signaling equipment, except radio.................
Electrical appliances..........................................................................
Electrical equipment for industrial use............................................
Electrical lamps (bulbs).....................................................................
Insulated wire and cable............................. - ....................................
Radios and phonographs...................................................................
N ot elsewhere classified.....................................................................

755
18
36
30
54
401
22
29
145
20

+7
+4
+12
+10
+22
+8
+8
+8
-3

+9
+11
+13
+9
+22
+14
+11
+10
-3
-4

+2
+25
+25
-1 6
+20
+3
0
-5
-9
-2 9

+17
-5 8
+29
+29
+23
+22
+16
-2 1
-1 4
-9 4

i -8
+13
+10
-2 3
-2
-9
-1 0
-1 3
-5
-2 7

10
-5 7
+17
+22
0
0
+36
-2 0
0
-9 3

Food products...........................................................................................
Baking.................................................................................................
Beverages, not elsewhere classified...................................................
Breweries............................................................................................
Canning and preserving.....................................................................
Confectionery......... ........... ................................................................
Dairy products...................................................................................
Distilleries...........................................................................................
Flour, feed, and grain-mill products.................................- .............
Slaughtering and meat packing.........................................................
Sugar refining.....................................................................................
N ot elsewhere classified................... - ...............................................

3,253
549
246
258
333
197
222
87
458
604
97
202

+6
+4
-4
+8
-2
+6
+4
+5
+6
+9
+11
+5

+6
+1
-5
+8
-9
+9
+3
+3
+2
+16
+16
+6

-4
+2
+5
-1 3
-1 5
+6
-1 1
-1 3

-1 1
-2 7
-2
+2
-4 0
-2
-1 4
+85

i -2 1
-2 7
0
-7
-3 5
-8
-1 3
+100
0
-7
-2 3
-4 1

Furniture and finished lumber products.................................................
Furniture, metal....... .................................... ....................................
Furniture, except metal.............................................................. .
Mattresses and bedsprings................................................................
M orticians’ supplies..........................................................................
Office, store, and restaurant fixtures.................................................
Wooden containers.............................................................................
N ot elsewhere classified....................................... - ............................

1,664
67
658
149
91
93
323
283

+8
+10
+7
+21
+1
+21
+6
+3

+8
+16
+6
+23
+7
+19
+6
+2

Iron and steel and their products *................................... - .....................
Bolts, nuts, washers, and rivets........................................................
Cold finished steel......................... ....................................................
Cutlery and edge tools.......................................................................
Fabricated structural steel.................................................................
Forgings, iron and steel.....................................................................
Foundries, iron...................................................................................
Foundries, steel..................................................................................
Heating equipment, not elsewhere classified....................................
Iron and steel......................................................................................
Metal coating and engraving............................................................
Ornamental metal w ork....................................................................
Plate fabrication and boiler-shop products......................................
Plumbers’ supplies.............................................................................
Screw-machine products....................................................................
Sheet-metal work...............................................................................
Stamped and pressed metal products, not elsewhere classified----Steam fittings and apparatus............................................................
Steel barrels, kegs, drums, and packages..........................................
Steel springs. .....................................................................................
Tin cans and other tinware...............................................................
Tools, except edge to o ls....................................................................
Vitreous-enameled products..............................................................
Wire and wire products.....................................................................
Wrought pipes, welded and heavy-riveted......................................
Not elsewhere classified.....................................................................

3,448
61
31
104
270
130
634
99
192
155
80
66
148
82
123
86
321
154
20
27
61
157
18
160
14
118

+6
+9
+4
+3
+1
+6
+9
-1
+13
+7
+9
-8
-6
+12
(2 ,
)
+5
+7
+8
+9
+16
+19
+3
+9
+7
+ 1°
(*)

+10
+15
+12
-2
+23
+10
+9
+5
+16
+15
+5
-8
-2
+13
(2 ,
)
+6
+8
+6
+8
+20
+21
+3
+13
+8
+n
+3

See footnotes at end of table.




236

(2
)

(2
)

(2
)

(2
)
(2
)

(2
)

-4
-1 7
+59
-7 1
+84
+16

-4
+73
-7

i -7
i —7
—6
-5
+85
+1

i -1 2
To
+100
-7 1
+67
+25

+12
-8

+5
-1 1
-4 3

1 -8
+2
+10
-1 9
-7
-2
-1 3
-1 5
-2
-1 3
-4
-1 3

-2
+4
-8
+14
+9
-3
-4

-1 4
-3 4
-4
-7
-2 6
-4 8
+14
-3 4

i -7
-1 6
-2
-2 5
+7
-9
-8
-6

1 -2 3
-4 2
-9
-3 0
-2 5
-5 8
+11
-3 3

+1
+18
+12
-2
+13
-6
-4
+3
+9
-1
+6
+12
+7
+10
-8
-1 0
-2
+1
+3
+23
+7
-9
+17
-4
-5
+4

+7
+17
+26
-1 4
+47
-4 3
+2
-2 3
-3
+11
+149
-2 3
+35
+2
+6
-2 7
+13
+80
-7 1
-1
-2 6
-3 1
+156
+54
+408
-8

i -8
+2

10
0
+11
-6
+19
-4 5
-8
-3 1
-1 4
-6
+130
0
+61
0
+9
-3 1
+11
+65
-7 3
-2 3
-3 6
-2 9
+125
+54
+340
-1 1

0

(2
)

(2
)

0
-8
-1 4
-1 1
-2
-6
-1 4
+21
+9
-3
-9
-1 5
-9
-5
—4
+3
-1 1
-1 2
+4
-1 2
-1 5
+1

13
T able

B .— Changes in exposure, disabling in ju ries, and in ju ry rates fo r 40,288 identical establishments, 1948 to 1947 — C o n .

industry

Percent of change i n Number
of estab­
Total
lishments Employees Employee- Disabling
hours
time
injuries
worked
lost

Frequency
rate

Severity
rate

Manufacturing—C ontinued
Leather and leather products.................................................................
Boots and shoes, not rubber.............................................................
Leather.......................................................................................... .
N ot elsewhere classified.....................................................................

602
365
142
05

+3
+4
-1
-3

+4
+5
+1
-7

-9
-2
-1 7
-7

+5
+39
-1 2
+28

1 —8
-7
-1 7
0

i+ 1 7
+33
-1 2
+43

Lumber and timber basic products.........................................................
Logging...............................................................................................
Sawmills................. ...........................................................................
Sawmills and planing mills combined............................- ................
Planing m ills.-...................................................................................
Plywood mills........ ............................................ ..............................
Veneer m ills. ................. ...................................................................
M illwork (structural) _ ........................................ .............................

1,114
181
364
84
139
48
41
257

+3
+12
-1 4
+10
+15
+8
+1
+14

+11
+3
+11
+13
+22
+8
(2
)
+15

+12
+16
+14
+7
+40
-7
-1 6
+17

+13
+2
+28
+15
+120
+13
-3 9
-3 4

1+ 2
+12
+3
-6
+14
-1 4
-1 6
+2

i+ 5
-1
+18
+2
+90
+3
-3 9
-4 1

M achinery, except electric...................................................... ...............
Agricultural machinery and tractors................................................
Bearings, ball and roller................................... ................................
Commercial and household machinery............................................
Construction and mining machinery...............................................
Elevators, escalators, and conveyors................................................
Engines and turbines. ......................................................................
Fabricated pipe and fittin g s................................................ - .........
Food-products machinery................................................................
General industrial machinery and equipment, not elsewhere
classified..........................................................................................
General machine shops (jobbing and repair).................... ..............
Mechanical measuring and controlling instruments........................
Mechanical power transmission, except ball and roller bearings.—
Metalworking machinery..................................................................
Pumps and compressors..... .......................................... - ..................
Special industry machinery, not elsewhere classified......................
Textile machinery........................................ - ....................................

2,603
180
40
158
209
40
55
7
112

+7
+12
+4
+17
+5
(*)
+15
+10
+9

+9
+23
+11
+19
+8
+1
+21
+12
+6

+3
+9
-8
+7
+5
-2 0
+25
-1 7
+5

-4
-2 0
-1 1
+23
-1 1
+53
+2
-9 1
-4

1 -5
-1 1
-1 7
-1 0
-3
-2 1
+4
-2 6
-2

1 -1 4
-3 2
-1 7
+9
-2 3
+75
-1 7
-9 3
-1 2

<>
*

-6
+5
+7
-4
+2
+10
+15

-1
-8
+6
+7
-4
+4
+10
+12

+4
-1 6
+24
-1 8
-7
+3
+3
+16

-2 1
+33
-3 5
-1 8
+14
-4 1
+28
-1

+5
-9
+16
-2 3
-3
-1
-7
+3

-1 8
+38
-3 3
-2 7
+13
-4 5
+11
-1 1

Nonferrous metals and their products.....................................................
Aluminum and magnesium products—............................................
Foundries, nonferrous................................ .......................................
Nonferrous basic shapes and forms...................................................
Watches, clocks, jewelry, and silverw are--................. - ..................
N ot elsewhere classified........... —................... ........- ........................

568
21
295
30
91
131

+5
+16
+2
+4
+6
+6

+5
+17
-1
+5
+6
+5

-1 1
-1 2
-7
-1 0
-1 6
-1 6

-6
-5 2
+32
+7
-2 3
+8

1 -1 7
-2 5
-6
-1 4
-2 1
-2 0

1 -2 0
-6 2
+33
+20
-2 9
-1 1

349
223
65
60
625
79
293
108

Ordnance and accessories.........................................................................

19

+2

+9

-7 3

+6

-9 7

Paper and allied products........................................................................
Envelopes...........................................................................................
Paper boxes and containers..................................................... .........
Paper and pulp..................................................................................
N ot elsewhere classified.....................................................................

1,107
68
462
391
186

+5
+4
+1
+6
+3

+4
+2
-1
+6
+4

-7
-7
-1 1
-7

+12
-2 2
+10
-2
+69

1 -1 0
-9
-1 0
-1 2
-4

*+ H
-2 5
+13
-5
+56

Printing and publishing...........................................................................
Book and job printing..................................................................... .
Bookbinding.......................................................................................
News and periodical..........................................................................

2,247
1,440
50
757

+8
+7
+16
+8

+5
+4
+11
+6

+8
+8
+14
+9

+2
+43
-1 3
-3 2

i+ 3
+3
+3
+3

1+17
+50
-2 0
-4 3

Rubber products............................................................ ..........................
Rubber boots and shoes....................................................................
Rubber tires and tubes.................................................................... .
N ot elsewhere classified.....................................................................

226
27
33
166

+5
+14
+3
+3

+2
+5
+1
+2

-1 7
-9
-2 1
-1 5

-2 6
-5 7
-2 2
-2 3

i -1 9
-1 3
-2 2
-1 7

i -2 2
-5 8
-1 5
-2 2

Stone, clay, and glass p rod u cts..............................................................
Clay products (structural)................................................................
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products..........................................
Cut stone and cut-stone products. ..................................................
G lass..................................................................................................
Pottery and related products............................................. ......... . . .
N ot elsewhere classified............................................ ........................

967
373
129
61
184
116
104

+4
+11
+8
-1 2
(2
)
+3
+6

+4
+11
+7
-4
(2
)
+8
+5

-1
+6
+12
-3 5
-1 2
+2
+10

-8
-6
-1 6
+8
-8
-3 8
+35

1 -6
-5
+4
-3 2
-1 2
-5
+5

i -9
-1 5
-2 2
+13
-7
-4 3
+33

Textile and textile-mill products.......................... ..................................
Carpets, rugs, and other floor coverings..........................................
Cordage and twine.............................................................................
Cotton yarn and textiles............................... ....................................
Dyeing and finishing textiles............................................................
Hats, except cloth and m illinery......................................................
K nit goods..........................................................................................
Rayon, other synthetic and silk textiles.......................... ..............
W oolen and worsted textiles.............................................................
N ot elsewhere classified.....................................................................

2,075
81
53
511
256
21
594
179
342
38

+2
+13
-1
+2
+4
+2
+3
+2
(2
)
+3

+2
+19
-4
+1
+1
-2
+10
+2
-4
(2
)

-1 2
+20
-1 1
-1 3
-8
-1 6
-6
-1 2
-2 1
+16

-1 6
-2 0
-4 7
-1 6
-2 7
-7 9
+60
+5
-2 0
+146

1 -1 2
+1
-8
-1 3
-9
-1 4
-1 4
-1 4
-1 8
+16

1 -9
-3 3
-4 3
-1 7
-2 9
-7 5
+50
+2
-1 2
+150

Transportation equipment......................................................................
Aircraft....... .......................................................................................
Aircraft p a rts....................................................................................
Boatbuilding and repairs.......... ........................- .............................
M otor veh icles..................................................................................
M otor-vehicle parts....... .................................................... - ...........
Railroad equipment..................................................... ................. —
Shipbuilding and repairs............ ......................................................
N ot elsewhere classified.....................................................................

554
17
42
35
138
122
63
121
16

+8
-2
+19
+6
+21
+10
+7
-2 0
+28

+16
+2
+19
+10
+39
+10
+12
-9
+20

+5
+3
+2
-3 4
+10
-1
+4
+13
-2

-1 4
+103
-6 8
-2 4
-9
+5
+29
-1 8
-6 9

i-ll
0
-1 5
-4 0
-2 1
-1 0
-7
+24
-1 8

1 -3 6
+80
-7 7
-8
-3 3
0
+18
-7
-7 4

See footnotes at end o f table.




(2
)

(2
)

14
T able

B .— Changes in exposure, disabling injuries, and in jury rates fo r 40,283 identical establishments, 1946 to 1947— Con.
Percent of change i n Industry

Number
of estab­
lishments

Employees

Employeehours
worked

Disabling
injuries

Total
time
lost

Frequency
rate

Severity
rate

Manufacturing—Continued
Miscellaneous manufacturing........................................... .
Brooms and brushes. ..................................................
Fabricated plastic products______________________
Optical and ophthalmic goods................................... .
Photographic apparatus and materials..................... .
Professional ana scientific instruments and supplies.
Tobacco products.................................... ...................
N ot elsewhere classified..............................................

866
67
104
25
33
81
169
387

Nonmanufacturing
Construction 4
....................................................................
Building construction........................................ .........
Heavy engineering.......................................................
Highway construction .......... ................................... .
N ot elsewhere classified.............................................

1,707
1,193
154
273
87

Communication 4__............................................................
Telephone (wire and radio)...... ..................................
Radio broadcasting and television. ........................... .

508
106
402

Transportation34.............................................................. .
Stevedoring.................................................................
Streetcar......................................................................
B u s.............................................................................
Streetcar and bus. .......................................................
Trucking and hauling..................................................
Warehousing and storage........................................... .
N ot elsewhere classified.............................................. .

945
62
19
226
47
354
204
32

Heat, light, and pow er34...................................................
Electric light and power............................................ .
Gas.............. ............................................................... .

564
348
205

Waterworks 4__.................................................................

(2
)

-6
+4
-3
-1
-1

-8
+19
+12
+8
-9
-2 6
-1 7
-9

-2 6
+257
+29
+114
-7 9
-8 1
-4 5
-3 3

l —4
+19
+11
+14
-1 2
-2 4
-1 6
-9

i -1 8
+250
+26
+150
-6 7
-8 1
-5 0
-3 3

(8
)
(8
)
(8
)
(8
)
(8
)

+21
+11
+50
+22
+39

+19
+13
+33
+12
+75

+11
+23
+41
-3 4
-4 1

-2
+2
-1 2
-8
+25

-7
+10
-5
-4 7
-5 8

+4
+4
+10

+5
+6
-1 4

-1
-5
+330

+3
+3
-2 4

0
0
+233

-1
-1 2
+1
+2
-5
+100

-9
-2 3
-1 0
-1 4
+3
+6
-1 4
-4 3

-4 6
-6 6
+49
+11
-1 7
+68
+62
-8 3

-8
-1 2
-1 0
-1 3
+2
+4
-1 0
-7 1

-4 7
-6 1
+50
+20
-1 4
+67
+77
-9 2

+9
+7
+14

+11
+13
+8

+37
+36
+39

+2
+5
-5

+28
+32
+20

+1
-2
+2
-3
+4
-4
+5

+11
+11
+11
(8
)
(8
)

+4
+3
+2
+4
-8
+103
+9
+7
+16

C,
(2
)
(1
2
3
)

(2
)
(2
)

139

-3

-3

+16

-6 9

+19

-6 7

2,483
510
513
382
128
314
411
124
101

+1
+2
+2
-1
+21
+1
-5
-6
+1

+1
-2
-1
-4
+24
+5
-6
-6
(2
)

+2
+3
-6
+3
+9
+8
-1 7
-2 1
+13

+24
+96
-4 8
+111
+76
+11
-5 8
+951
-3 9

+2
+6
-5
+6
-1 2
+4
-1 0
-1 4
+13

+17
+150
-4 5
+100
+43
+7
-6 7
+ 1,000
-5 0

Banks and other financial agencies___
Insurance__________________________
Real estate.............................................
Miscellaneous business services........
Automobile repair shops and garages..
Miscellaneous repair services................

2,108
788
393
197
241
277
212

+3
+7
+2
+3
+4
+5
+1

(2
)
(2
)
(2
)

-1 7
-1 0
-3 6
-7
+2
-7
-1 5

-1 8
-3 1
+65
-1 6
-3 0
+2
-6 9

-1 7
-1 0
-3 6
-9
-2
-1 3
-1 6

-1 6
-3 2
+56
-2 0
-3 1
-8
-7 2

Educational services..................................

174

+15

+11

+20

-1 0

+8

Fire departments___________ ___________

197

+7

+3

-1

+40

-4

+33

Police departments......................................

143

+4

+3

+15

+9

+12

+4

Trade4..........................................................
Wholesale distributors. ........................
Retail, general merchandise..................
Retail food.............................................
Wholesale and retail dairy products. _.
Retail automobiles and accessories___
Filling stations.......................................
Retail apparel and accessories________
Miscellaneous retail stores...................
Wholesale and retail building supplies.
N ot elsewhere classified........................

6,088
1,946
379
525
291
543
135
502
1,065
416
286

+2
+5
+1
-1
-5
+11
+10
(2
)
+3
+8
+6

+4
+4
+6
-1
-3
+9
+5
+1
+2
+9
+7

+11
+14
+18
+25
-1 1
+14
+22
+20
+34
<)
2
+3

+16
+27
-2 8
-4 2
+38
+3
+51
+122
+42
+65
-5 4

1+6
+10
+12
+25
-9
+4
+16
+20
+31
-8
-3

10
+25
-3 3
-3 3
+43
0
+45
+113
+60
+53
-6 2

Personal services................................................................
D ry cleaning...............................................................
Laundries....................................................................
Laundry and dry cleaning......................................... .
Amusements and related services...............................
Hotels............. ............................................................ .
Eating and drinking p laces...................................... .
M edical and other professional services.................... .
Miscellaneous personal services................................. .

1Weighted according to estimates of total current employment in each
industry.
3 Change was less than 0.05 of 1 percent.




+3
+4
+7

(2
)
(2
)

3 Totals include figures for industries not shown separately,
4 Primarily reported by company instead of establishments.
* N ot available.

15
T a ble C.— Estimates of disabilities, by extent, for selected manufacturing industries, 1947
[Excluding self-employed]
A ll reporting establishments
Industry

Apparel and other finished textile products (group
total)...........................................................................

Number
of estab­
lishments

Estimates for entire industry

Number Employeeof em­
hours Number of
ployees
disabling
worked
(thou­
(thou­
injuries
sands)
sands)

A ll dis­
abling
injuries

Death and Perma­ Tem po­
perma­
rarynentnenttotal
partial
total
disability disability
disability

Total
days lost
(thou­
sands)

2,000

229

428,999

2,964

16,500

15

280

16,205

508

Chemicals and allied products:
Drugs, toiletries, and insecticides .....................
Fertilizers................ —......................................
Industrial chemicals, not elsewhere classified..
Paints, varnishes, and colors.............................
Soap and glycerin...............................................
Synthetic textile fibers............ .........................

306
418
458
391
129
27

64
24
164
43
21
62

127,539
48,554
336,674
88,961
45,361
119,363

1,532
1,534
3,968
1,539
427
688

2,600
2,400
7,000
2,400
600
900

10
230
15
5

100
60
450
60
20
10

2,500
2,330
6,320
2,325
575
890

146
183
2,087
167
51
29

Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies:
Electrical equipment for industrial use..........

805

451

904,498

9,529

10,300

30

720

9,550

853

Food products:
Breweries......................... —................
Confectionery....................... ..............
Flour, feed, and grain-mill products..
Slaughtering and meat packing_____
Sugar refining....................... ..............

284
261
545
828
99

53
42
50
136
29

114,591
84,205
108,585
298,426
62,649

4,399
1,353
2,943
8,929
2,056

7,800
2,900
6,400
16,400
3,100

25
5
20
35
20

380
120
170
230
80

7,395
2,775
6, 210
16,135
3,000

732
177
407
533
235

Furniture and finished lumber products:
Furniture, metal and w o o d ..............
Mattresses and bedsprings.................

1,036
272

128
21

265,902
42,773

7,003
1,066

15,100
1,900

30

970
70

14,100
1,830

1,046
52

Iron and steel and their products:
Bolts, nuts, washers, and rivets.........
Cutlery and edge tools............ ...........
Fabricated structural steel.................
Foundries, iron-----------------------------Foundries, steel............... ...................
Heating equipment.............................
Iron and steel..............- .......................
Plumbers’ supplies............................
Screw-machine products.....................
Steam fittings and apparatus.............
Tin cans and other tinware. ..............
Tools, except edge tools......... .............
W ire and wire products....... ..............

82
126
420
792
127
250
252
107
178
180
81
196
220

21
23
57
138
52
61
552
40
26
40
27
27
54

44,347
49,199
119,526
284,342
104,883
120,829
1,109,110
82,917
56,169
80,496
57,272
55,019
106,741

868
1,161
3,261
12,644
3,380
4,148
9,461
1,933
1,084
2,030
1,067
1,304
2,296

1,300
1,500
3,900
19,000
5,000
6,900
10,000
2,200
1,800
3,800
2,000
1,400
3,500

15

50
80
190
400
130
310
700
50
120
230
170
80
160

1,250
1,420
3,695
18, 545
4,830
6,570
9,140
2,145
1,680
3,555
1,830
1,320
3,325

65
92
296
973
428
451
1,948
120
91
347
133
74
289

Leather and leather products:
Boots and shoes.................. ...... .........
Leather.............................. ..................

444
171

136
32

265,830
66,087

2,549
1,942

5,000
3,100

10
5

180
70

4,810
3,025

241
145

Lumber and timber basic products:
Planing and plywood m ills.........

790

64

135,895

5,253

11,500

70

470

10,960

1,007

M achinery, except electric:
Commercial and household machinery..
Pumps and compressors......................
Textile machinery— ..............................

235
131
125

196
37
27

394,653
77,782
56,437

4,582
1,564
1,036

4,900
3,100
1,900

20

390
120
60

4,490
2,980
1,840

431
101
60

Nonferrous metals and their products:
Nonferrous basic shapes and forms......... .

42

39

78,529

1,229

2,100

60

2,040

65

Paper and allied products:
Envelopes. ............................................... .
Paper boxes and containers..................... .
Paper and pulp.........................................
Paper products, not elsewhere Classified-

77
623
491
220

8
63
204
39

17,559
130,053
451,184
80,392

216
2,794
10,630
1,655

400
5,300
12,300
4,000

10
50
10

10
430
400
150

390
4,860
11,850
3,840

17
596
915
237

Printing and publishing:
News ana periodical................................ .

847

104

207,226

1,922

4,300

15

130

4,155

222

41

109

217,185

2,287

3,100

20

150

2,930

287

223
142
445

94
34
43

190,603
71,471
88,674

3,017
1,508
3,892

4,900
2,800
7,700

5
15
45

150
50
120

4,745
2,735
7,535

266
158
458

56
591
363
704
215
398

9
305
62
129
65
140

19,220
607,356
127,936
265,329
132,225
276,502

447
7,423
2,457
1,821
1,376
5,132

800
14,000
3,600
3,400
2,400
6,800

30
5
5
5
20

40
530
130
100
40
160

760
13,440
3,465
3,295
2,355
6,620

43
942
257
175
121
374

Rubber products:
her tires and tubes.
Stone, clay, and glass products:
Pottery and related products.
Structural clay products.........
Textile and textile-mill products:
Cordage and tw ine.................................. .
Cotton yarn and textiles......................... .
Dyeing and finishing textiles.................. .
Knit goods...... ......................................... .
Rayon, other synthetic and silk textiles. .
Woolen and worsted textiles— .............. .




15
55
40
20
160
5
15

16
T able

C .— Estimates o f disabilities, by extent, fo r selected m anufacturing industries, 1947— Continued
[Excluding self-employed]
Estimates for entire industry

A ll reporting establishments
Industry

Number
of estab­
lishments

Number
of em­
ployees
(thou­
sands)

EmployeeNumber of
hours
worked
disabling
(thou­
injuries
sands)

A ll dis­
abling
injuries

Transportation equipment:
M otor vehicles and parts_________________ ____
Railroad equipm ent. . ............................................
Shipbuilding and boatbuilding
........................

401
93
248

511
74
90

1,091,021
153,048
201,577

12,767
2,741
5,162

24,500
3,700
8,700

Miscellaneous manufacturing:
Professional and scientific instruments and sup­
plies________________________________ ______
Tobacco products_____________________ _______

131
195

30
52

61,871
98,027

979
737

Death and Perma­
perma­
nentnentpartial
total
disability
disability

1,100
1,500

Tempo­
rarytotal
disability

Total
days lost
(thou­
sands)

1,910
160
260

22,565
3,530
8,370

1,873
276
945

30
50

25
10
70

1,070
1,450

41
64

1 Does not include United States navy yards.

T a ble D .— Distribution o f all reported injuries resulting in permanent-partial disability, according to part of body affected,

by industry, 1947
Percent of permanent-partial disability cases involving the loss, or loss of use ofIndustry

Total

A hand
or fingers

An arm

A foot
or toes

A leg

One or
both ears
(hearing)

An eye

Other

Manufacturing
Total, manufacturing..........................................................

100

3

80

2

7

4

Chemicals and allied products......... ..................................
Industrial chemicals.....................................................

100
100

7
7

67
62

4
9

11
15

5
5

0
0

6
2

4

0)

Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies................

100

1

88

1

4

2

0

4

Food products......................................................................
Baking. .........................................................................
Breweries............................ ...... ....................................
Canning and preserving...............................................
Confectionery................................................................
Flour, feed, and grain-mill products............................
Slaughtering and meat packing----------------------------Sugar refining................... ................. .........................

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

7
4
8
6
6
8
5
8

69
84
64
76
67
61
84
66

3
2
3
4
2
3
0
4

13
5
18
7
6
14
9
18

4
5
6
3
0
6
0
2

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
0
1
4
19
8
2
2

Furniture and finished lumber products_______________
Furniture, metal.........................................................
Furniture, except metal...............................................
Wooden containers........................................................
Not elsewhere classified................................................

100
100
100
100
100

2
0
2
2
3

91
97
90
93
89

1
0
1
0
2

2
1
1
2
2

2
1
3
3
2

0
0
0
0
0

2
1
3
0
2

Iron and steel and their products.......................................
Fabricated structural steel...........................................
Forgings, iron and steel...............................................Foundries, iron..............................................................
Hardware......... ................................................. - .........
Iron and steel................................................................
Plate fabrication and boiler-shop products.................
Stamped and pressed metal products..........................
Steam fittings and apparatus.......................................

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

2
0
0
3
1
3
2
1
3

78
78
71
58
90
75
60
94
55

3
3
2
4
1
6
2
1
2

8
12
14
10
3
9
12
1
32

6
6
10
14
3
5
19
1
3

Leather and leather products.............................................

100

5

86

0

7

1

0

1

Lumber and timber basic products................ ..............—
Logging..........................................................................
Sawmills........................................................................
Sawmills and planing mills combined--------------------

100
100
100
100

3
4
2
7

72
51
74
68

4
13
4
0

8
11
11
5

8
10
7
16

1
1
0
2

4
10
2

Machinery, except electric..................................................
Agricultural machinery and tractors...........................
Commercial and household machinery.......................
Construction and mining machinery.................. ........
General industrial machinery, not elsewhere classified.
Metalworking machinery—..........................................
Special industry machinery, not elsewhere classified—

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
1
1
3
2
0
0

82
82
87
71
78
81
81

1
0
1
1
2
1
2

8
5
5
14
14
11
9

4
6
1
10
2
4
5

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
6
5
1
2
3
3

<>
*

0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0

3
1
3
10
2
2
5

2
5

2

Nonferrous metals and their products................................

100

1

90

1

5

2

0

1

Paper and allied products...................................................
Paper boxes and containers..........................................
Paper and pulp.................- ........... ..............................
Paper products, not elsewhere classified......................

100
100
100
100

7
6
8
9

79
80
71
79

3
5
3
0

5
6
7
4

4
2
8
4

0
0
0
0

2

i Less than 0.05 of 1 percent.




1
3
4

17
T a bl e D .— Distribution o f all reported injuries resulting in permanent-partial disability, according to part o f body affected,

by industry, 1947—Continued

T a ble E .— Distribution of temporary-total disabilities, by duration of disability, 19471
Percent of cases resulting
in—
Industry

Number of
cases3

1 ,2, or 3
days of
disability

4 or more
days of
disability

Percent of total days lost
accruing from—
Total days
lost 2
1-, 2-, or 3day cases

4-or-moreday cases

Manufacturing
Total, manufacturing *..............................................................................

122,903

34.5

65.5

1,782,115

5.6

94.4

Apparel and other finished textile products:
Clothing, men's and boys'.................................................................
Clothing, women’s and children’s....................................................
Trimmings and fabricated textile products.......................................

740
294
483

41.4
48.0
32.9

58.6
52.0
67.1

6,872
2,411
9,973

9.1
12.3
3.4

90.9
87.7
96.6

Chemicals and allied products:
Drugs, toiletries, and insecticides. ....................................................
Fertilizers.................................... —............................. - .....................
Industrial chemicals...........................................................................
Paints, varnishes, and colors..............................................................
Paving and roofing materials.............................................................
Synthetic textile fibers........................................................................

618
1,340
1,247
945
219
234

31.4
33.7
29.6
39.0
16.9
12.8

68.6
66.3
70.4
61.0
83.1
87.2

9,411
20,494
20,048
11,766
4,357
2,980

4.2
4.6
3.8
6.2
1.7
2.2

95.8
95.4
96.2
93.8
98.3
97.8

Electric machinery, equipment, and supplies:
Electrical appliances...........................................................................
Electrical equipment for industrial use.............................................
Radios and phonographs— ...............................................................

332
2,328
488

30.1
34.2
36.5

69.9
65.8
63.5

4,334
32,280
6,368

4.2
4.6
5.8

95.8
95.4
94.2

See footnotes at end of table.




18
T able

E .— Distribution o f tem porary-total disabilities , by duration o f disability , 1947 1 Continued
—
Percent of cases resulting
in—
Industry

Number of
cases2

1,2, or 3
days of
disability

4 or more
days of
disability

Percent of total days lost
accruing from—
Total days
lo st2
1*, 2-, or 3day cases

4-or-moreday cases

Manufacturing—Continued
Food products:
Baking.......................... .....................................................................
Breweries.............................................................................................
Canning and preserving..................................... ..............................
Confectionery...................................... ..............................................
Dairy products............................................ ......................................
Flour, feed, and grain-mill products................................................
Slaughtering and meat packing.........................................................
Sugar refining......................................................................................

1,733
3,594
2,411
930
496
2,236
3,489
1,777

34.2
31.2
37.1
34.4
32.9
38.9
41.2
28.9

65.8
68.8
62.9
65.6
67.1
61.1
58.8
71.1

23,983
46,271
43,531
12,234
7,503
29,152
37,425
28,510

4.9
5.1
4.3
6.0
4.7
6.2
7.9
3.6

95.1
94.9
95.7
94.0
95.3
93.8
92.1
96.4

Furniture and finished lumber products:
Furniture, metal.................................................................................
Furniture, except metal............................................................. .......
Mattresses and bedsprings.................................................................
M orticians’ supplies...... .....................................................................
Office, store, and restaurant fixtures.................................................
W ooden containers.............................................................................

755
4,081
447
314
494
1,258

38.3
36.7
36.0
38.5
47.0
31.8

61.7
63.3
64.0
61.5
53.0
68.2

8,367
48,438
4,836
3,115
4,588
16,163

7.8
9.4
6.6
7.6
12.0
7.5

92.2
90.6
93.4
92.4
88.0
92.5

Iron and steel and their products:
Bolts, nuts, washers, and rivets................................ ............... .......
Cutlery and edge tools.......................................................................
Fabricated structural steel.................................................................
Forgings, iron and steel......................................................................
Foundries, iron...................................................................................
Foundries, steel..................................................................................
Hardware...........................................................................................
Heating equipment.............................................................................
Iron and steel......................................................................................
M etal coating and engraving.............................................................
Ornamental metal w ork....................................................................
Plate fabrication and boiler-shop products.............. .......................
Plumbers’ supplies..................... .......................................................
Screw-machine products..................................... ..............................
Sheet-metal w o r k ...................................... .....................................
Stamped and pressed metal products...............................................
Steam fittings and apparatus..... .......................................................
Tools, except edge tools......................................................................
Wire and wire products.....................................................................

266
481
1,220
994
4,745
373
761
1,842
3,234
362
223
873
502
290
224
1,133
804
614
613

41.4
34.9
38.5
33.1
37.7
23.9
28.9
35.9
24.0
36.2
41.7
32.9
28.7
33.1
38.4
35.7
32.8
39.1
29.7

58.6
65.1
61.5
66.9
62.3
76.1
71.1
64.1
76.0
63.8
58.3
67.1
71.3
66.9
61.6
64.3
67.2
60.9
70.3

4,534
6,015
17,161
13,882
56,600
6,683
11,159
23,754
90,417
4,290
2,363
14,721
9,484
3,273
3,288
15,382
12,676
7,825
10,346

4.8
5.6
5.4
4.9
6.4
2.8
4.1
8.3
1.7
5.8
8.0
4.0
3.0
5.6
5.0
5.1
4.5
5.6
3.9

95.2
94.4
94.6
95.1
93.6
97.2
95.9
91.7
98.3
94.2
92.0
96.0
97.0
94.4
95.0
94.9
95.5
94.4
96.1

Leather and leather products:
Boots and shoes, not rubber..............................................................
Leather......................... ......................................................................

778
1,268

33.8
26.1

66.2
73.9

9,215
18,880

5.9
3.5

94.1
96.5

Lumber and timber basic products:
Logging................................................................................................
Sawmills......................... ............... ............ ...................... ...............
Sawmills and planing mills combined_____________ ____________
Planing m ills.......................................................................................
Plywood m ills....................................................................................
Veneer mills........................................................................................
M illwork (structural).........................................................................

3,352
3,434
1,033
572
242
300
867

25.0
32.9
29.1
29.0
27.7
26.3
37.6

75.0
67.1
70.9
71.0
72.3
73.7
62.4

59,203
62,325
18,437
7,803
3,376
4,756
16,190

6.7
6.8
3.6
8.8
3.6
3.9
5.8

93.3
93.2
96.4
91.2
96.4
96.1
94.2

1,688
566
1,322
1,833
216
377
429
2,071
417

41.3
39.0
39.3
35.9
47.2
30.5
38.5
40.3
42.4

58.7
61.0
60.7
64.1
52.8
69.5
61.5
59.7
57.6

18,863
7,056
15,908
24,441
2,164
5,069
4,919
24,783
4,975

7.1
7.8
8.3
5.7
8.3
4.5
6.2
6.5
8.6

92.9
92.2
91.7
94.3
91.7
95.5
93.8
93.5
91.4

236
1,560
259
1,315
510

30.9
36.8
30.9
36.7
37.3

69.1
63.2
69.1
63.3
62.7

4,122
20,039
3,363
16,098
6,755

3.3
5.5
5.4
5.8
5.7

96.7
94.5
94.6
94.2
94.3

209
517
220

36.4
39.3
27.9

63.6
60.7
72.1

3,836
5,830
3,186

4.3
6.5
4.6

95.7
93.5
95.4

Paper and allied products:
Paper boxes and containers.............................................................. .
Paper and pulp..................................................................................

960
2,037

34.3
27.4

65.7
72.6

12,526
33,283

5.3
3.7

94.7
96.3

Printing and publishing:
Book and job printing........................................................................
News and periodical......................................................................... .

1,462
1,696

37.3
33.9

62.7
66.1

18,230
21,978

7.0
5.1

93.0
94.9

Rubber products:
Rubber tires and tubes..................................................................... .

299

21.7

78.3

6,633

L9

98.1

M achinery, except electric:
Agricultural machinery and tractors.................................................
Bearings, ball and roller.....................................................................
Commercial and household machinery.............................................
Construction and mining machinery...............................................
Elevators, escalators, and conveyors................................................
Engines and turbines.........................................................................
Food-products m achinery................................................................
General industrial machinery and equipment.................................
General machine shops (jobbing and repair)....................................
Mechanical power transmission equipment, except ball and roller
bearings................................................ .........................................
Metalworking machinery..................................................................
Pumps and compressors............. ....................................................
Special industry machinery, not elsewhere classified.......................
Textile machinery............................................................ 1 ..............
Nonferrous metals and their products:
Aluminum and magnesium products................... ...... .....................
Foundries, nonferrous........ ..................... .........................................
Watches, clocks, jewelry, and silverware........ ................................

See footnotes at end o f table.




19
T able

E .— D istribution o f tem porary-total disabilities, by duration o f disability, 1947 1 Continued
—
Percent of total days lost
accruing from—

Percent of cases resulting
in -Number of
cases2

Industry

1,2, or 3
days of
disability

4 or more
days of
disability

Total days
lo st2

1-, 2-, or 3day cases

4-or-moreday cases

Manufacturing—Continued
Stone, clay, and glass products:

3,211
517
1,995
879

33.7
39.7
31.0
34.7

66.3
60.3
69.0
65.3

40,180
13,482
33,028
10,950

5.9
2.9
4.9
5.4

94.1
97.1
95.1
94.6

1,274
400
3,716
1,510
1,226
888
1,921

33.2
22.0
29.0
28.3
38.8
31.8
37.5

66.8
78.0
71.0
71.7
61.2
68.2
62.5

18,621
7,308
61,625
26,664
13,708
13,670
30,855

4.8
2.9
3.9
3.3
6.9
4.2
5.7

95.2
97.1
96.1
96.7
93.1
95.8
94.3

303
954
698
1,295
1,257
1,198

24.1
52.3
39.8
35.9
32.2
39.1

75.9
47.7
60.2
64.1
67.8
60.9

6,456
13,946
7,809
15,347
23,923
16,450

2.0
9.5
8.3
8.6
3.2
6.0

98.0
90.5
91.7
91.4
96.8
94.0

275
524
642
698

51.3
35.5
52.2
38.1

48.7
64.5
47.8
61.9

2,742
6,437
17,052
7,738

10.9
8.9
25.2
7.0

89.1
91.1
74.8
93.0

5,051
1,621
1,539

43.2
39.0
45.7

56.8
61.0
54.3

62,811
25,011
16,820

7.3
5.0
8.8

92.7
95.0
91.2

2,204
529
1,260
4,793
942
954

22.7
32.7
32.2
33.3
40.2
39.3

77.3
67.3
67.8
66.7
59.8
60.7

60,537
7,280
17,277
115,180
11,157
11,265

2.0
4.8
5.3
3.6
14.2
7.7

98.0
95.2
94.7
96.4
85.8
92.3

6,933
3,803

34.8
36.9

65.2
63.1

109,978
46,461

4.1
5.6

95.9
94.4

386

29.5

70.5

6,539

3.5

96.5

208
485
641
136
1,552
265

53.8
41.2
37.3
24.3
43.9
46.0

46.2
58.8
62.7
75.7
56.1
54.0

2,309
7,403
7,381
3,373
14,545
3,061

13.4
7.8
7.3
1.9
10.4
10.9

86.6
92.2
92.7
98.1
89.6
89.1

225
330
318

28.0
34.2
35.8

72.0
65.8
64.2

3,285
5,086
4,524

3.5
4.3
4.7

96.5
95.7
95.3

Educational services .

1,239

39.5

60.5

15,595

6.4

93.6

Fire departments _

1,740

23.7

76.3

33,438

2.4

97.6

909

33.3

66.7

14,142

4.6

95.4

3,421
997
1,245
997
650
229
754
1,003

45.3
46.2
37.3
31.9
46.6
51.1
44.4
36.2

54.7
53.8
62.7
68.1
53.4
48.9
55.6
63.8

39,192
12,653
13,041
12,279
5,678
1,731
9,355
15,171

9.4
6.6
7.4
5.1
10.6
12.1
6.5
5.0

90.6
93.4
92.6
94.9
89.4
87.9
93.5
95.0

Olay product*? (structural)
.
Ooricrete, gypsum, and plaster products
Glass
’
Pottery and related products _

_
_____

Textile and textile-mill products:

Oarpets, rugs, and other floor coverings
Oordage and twine........... . ...
Gotten yam and textiles. _
. ....
T>yeing and finishing textiles
_ _ _ __

_ _

______
.. _ ._
Knit goods............_T_________ _________________________________

Rayon, other synthetic and sillr textiles
W oolen and worsted textilesr

Transportation equipment:
Aircraft_
_
Aircraft parts
_ _ r __._
.._ .
M otor vehicles
_
Motor-vehicle parts
Railroad equipment
Shipbuilding and repairs

__
._
.

.........
___
__

_
__

.

.

__ ....
_ .._ _
_

__ _ _

____

__

.... _

Miscellaneous manufacturing:
Brooms and brashes

...............

Fabricated plastic products____ ________ ________ ______________
Professional* and scientific instruments and supplies
T obacco products

Nonmanufacturing

Construction:

Building construction
H eavy engineering
Highway construction

_

_

__.

Transportation:

_

_
___

_ ___

Stevedoring
Streetcar.
Bus

Streetcar and bus________________ ____ _______________________

Tracking and hauling _ _ _ _ _ _
Warehousing and storage _

Heat, light, and power:

Electric light and power
Gas ...
_

.

._

.

_ _____
r __

Waterworks

__ ... ____

___

.

__

___

Personal services:

D ry cleaning
,
...._._
Lanndries_
_ ____ __ ___
Laundry and dry cleaning
_

___ _____
. . . _. _
_ _
._
Amusements and related services______________________________
Hotels

_

Eating and drinking places___________________________________
Business services:
Banks and other financial agencies
Insurance.
Miscellaneous business services

Police departments

...

_

___

..

_

.. _

Trade:

Wholesale distributors
Retail, general merchandise
__ ......_
Retail food
......
Wholesale and retail dairy products
Retail automobiles and accessories
Retail apparel and accessories
Miscellaneous retail stores
Wholesale and retail building supplies

_

_ _

____

___

_ _
_
...

___

_

___

i Any injury which does not result in death or permanent impairment but
which renders the injured person unable to perform a regularly established
job throughout the hours corresponding to his regular shift on any day after
the day of injury is designated as a temporary-total disability.




2 Based on reports from those establishments which were able to supply
the requested break-down.
3 Total includes figures for industries not shown separately,

20
T a ble F .— Indexes of injury-frequency rates in manufacturing, 1926-47, by extent of disability1
[1926=100]

Year

1926____
1927______
1928___
1929_____
1930___
1931
1932
1933
1934
1936

1936.....................................

Death and
A ll injuries permanent- Permanent- Temporarypartial
total
total
100.0
93.6
93.2
99.2
95.5
78.0
80.9
91.8
93.6
88.1
85.7

100.0
107.1
107.1
92.9
107.1
92.9
107.1
85.7
107.1
92.9
85.7

100.0
96.3
104.6
109.2
111.0
102.8
113.8
110.1
128.4
121.1
114.7

100.0
93.3
92.5
98.7
94.6
76.5
78.9
90.8
91.6
86.2
84.1

Year

1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1946
1946
1947

Death and
A ll injuries permanent- Permanent- Temporarypartial
total
total
85.8
71.7
73.4
75.3
85.8
93.5
94.4
88.3
81.9
84.3
78.4

85.7
71.4
71.4
71.4
80.3
70.7
70.7
62.8
62.8
60.1
51.7

122.0
78.9
80.7
84.8
93.7
83.4
83.4
75.4
72.3
77.9
70.1

83.7
68.1
73.9
75.6
86.2
94.1
95.0
89.7
83.0
85.3
79.3

1 Beginning with 1937, the indexes are based on the percent o f change of the frequency rates of identical establishments in each pair of successive years.




1). S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 19 49




RECENT BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REPORTS ON INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS
AND WORKING CONDITIONS *
Bulletin N o. 805— Injuries and Accident Causes in the Foundry Industry, 1942

An analysis of foundry accidents and their causes, including accident prevention suggestions. Presents
comparisons based upon plant size, geographic location, first-aid facilities, type o f product, and departmental
operations. Price, 15 cents.
Bulletin N o. 855— Injuries and Accident Causes in the Slaughtering and M eat-P acking Industry, 1943

A detailed analysis of the hazards and of the prevailing causes of accidents in the meat industry, including
comparisons based upon departmental, regional, and plant-size factors. Also includes descriptions of typical
accidents, accom panied by suggestions for the prevention o f similar occurrences. Price, 15 cents.
Bulletin N o. 869— W orkm en’s Com pensation and the Protection o f Seam en

A report on the financial protection afforded merchant seamen who are disabled because of injury or
disease while in the service of their vessels. Presents the status o f such seamen under both foreign and
dom estic legislation and examines the probable results of applying to seamen the recommendations of an
Interdepartmental Committee for a workmen’s compensation act, fitted to the existing rights of merchant
seamen. Price, 20 cents.
Bulletin N o. 884— Injuries and Accident C auses in the Brewing Industry, 1944

Presents a detailed account o f the accident record of brewery workers during 1944, with frequency rate
comparisons based upon the operating divisions of the plants, the size of the plants, and the geographic
location of the plants. Also includes an analysis of the causes o f brewery accidents and suggestions for the
prevention o f typical brewery accidents. Price, 15 cents.
Bulletin N o. 917— H ours o f W ork and Output

A study o f production, efficiency, absenteeism, and accidents under different schedules o f working hours.
Findings are based upon 78 case studies which are described in detail. Price, 35 cents.
Bulletin N o. 921— W ork Injuries in the United States During 1946

A collection o f basic industrial injury data for each of the m ajor industries in the United States during
1946. Presents national average injury-frequency and severity rates for each industry. Individual estab­
lishments may evaluate their own injury records by comparison with these data. Price, 10 cents.
Bulletin N o. 923— Perform ance o f Physically Im paired W orkers in M anufacturing Industries

This report compares the work performance of physically impaired persons and unimpaired workers
on the same jobs in respect to absenteeism, work injuries, output, and stability on the job . Consideration
is also given to placement practices and the jobs at which the impaired persons were em ployed. Separate
chapters are devoted to the work performance records of persons having each o f the ten specific impairments
included in the study. Price, 55 cents.
Bulletin N o. 924— Injuries and Accident Causes in the Pulpwood-Logging Industry

A study o f the frequency and severity of work injuries, the kinds o f injuries, types of accidents, and
causes o f accidents in the pulpwood-logging industry. Price, 10 cents.
♦For sale b y Superintendent of D ocum ents at prices indicated. How to ord publications: Address you r order to the Superintendent o f
er
D ocum ents, G overnm ent Printing O ffice, W ashington 25, D . C ., w ith rem ittance in check or m oney order. C urrency is sent at sender’s risk.
Postage stam ps not acceptable.