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U N IT E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
L. B. Schwellenbach, Secretary
BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
+

W ork Injuries in the
United States During 1945

Bulletin T^o. 889

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D. C. - Price 10 cents







Letter of Transmittal
U nited States D epartment op Labor,
B ureau of Labor Statistics,
Washington, D. C., September 28, 1946.
T he Secretaky of Labor:
I have the honor to transmit herewith a report on work injuries in the United
States during 1945. This information is based on reports from over 51,000
establishments.
This bulletin, a portion of which appeared in the September 1946 Monthly
Labor Review, W£s prepared by Max D. Kossoris, chief of the Bureau’s Division
of Industrial Hazards.
E wan Clague, Commissioner.
Hon. L. B . SCHWELLENBACH,
Secretary of Labor.

Contents
Page

Summary_____ ______
Estimates of disabling work injuries__________________________________
Injury-frequency rates:
Manufacturing_________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing______________________________________________
Appendix tables_____________________________________________________




(i)

1
2
4
6
7

CHART I

DISABLING WORK INJURIES IN THE UNITED STATES
1939-1945
ESTIMATED

MILLIONS___________________________

MILLIONS
”

NUMBER OF INJURIES

12.5

2.0

1.5

1.5

(II)

2.0

1.0

1.0

—

.5

.5 —

1939
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OP LASOR
BUREAU OP LABOR STATISTIOS




1940

1941

1942

TEMPORARY-TOTAL DISABILITIES

1943

1944

PERMANENT IMPAIRMENTS

1945
FATALITIES

Bulletin 7S[o. 889 of the
United States Bureau of Labor Statistics
Preprinted from the M onthly L abor R eview , September 1946, with additional data]

Work Injuries in the United States During 1945
Summary
More than 2 million work injuries occurred during 1945. This
figure is about 9% percent below that for 1944 and marks the lowest
point since 1940.
The total actual time loss caused by disabling work injuries during
1945, is estimated at about 45,600,000 man-days, or the equivalent of
full-time employment for about 152,000 workers for 1 year. This
figure makes no allowance for the future economic losses occasioned
by deaths and permanent impairments. If standard time charges
are allowed for these types of work injuries, the total economic loss
caused by work injuries during 1945 comes to 231,264,000 days, or
the full-time annual employment of about 771,000 workers.
The number of work fatalities during 1945 remained essentially
unchanged from the 1944 level. The estimate is 16,000. Another
1,800 workers were estimated to have been permanently and totally
disabled for industrial employment. About 88,100 workers suffered
lesser permanent impairments which will not disable them from con­
tinuing in industrial employment, but many of which may require
retraining or changes in jobs. Fully 75 percent of these impairments
involved a hand or fingers. Most of the work injuries, nearly
1,914,000, resulted in temporary total disabilities. The duration of
such disabilities in manufacturing averaged 19 days.
Although the over-all number of work injuries in manufacturing
decreased substantially from the 1944 level, the incidence of such
injuries, as measured by the frequency rate, remained almost un­
changed. Against an average of 18.4 disabling injuries per million
employee-hours in 1944, the 1945 average was 18.6.
Nevertheless, in most manufacturing industries frequency rates
were below the 1944 levels. Out of 118 industries for which compa­
rable data were available, only 17 showed increases of more than 1
point in the frequency rate. In 70 others the trend was downward,
and in the remainder the change was insignificant. Of 43 nonmanu-




(1)

2
facturing industries, 12 showed increases, 7 decreases, and 22 others
indicated little change.
Industries outstanding for their high frequency rates were logging,
stevedoring, sawmills, iron foundries, veneer and plywood mills,
breweries, structural clay products, wooden containers, trucking and
hauling, warehousing and storage, and highway and building con­
struction.

Estimates of Disabling Work Injuries
Continuing the downward trend from the peak wartime level of
1943, the total of 1945 injuries was lower than that for 1944. The
reduction from the 1944 figure of 2,230,400 to the 1945 total of 2,019,800 amounts to about 9 % percent. The 1945 figure is lower than that
for any year since 1940, but is still slightly above the total for that
prewar year.
Much of the reduction during 1945 was due to the shift away from
war work, a general shortening of the workweek, plant shut-downs for
the purpose of reconversion or because of strikes, and a shift to a more
normal type of work force. There is evidence, however, that many
establishments are giving up entirely or are curtailing the safety work
initiated during the war.
Estimated Number of Disabling Injuries During 1945, by Industry Group
[Difference between total number of injuries and injuries to employees represents injuries to self-employed
workersl
AH disabilities
In d u stry group
Total

To em­
ployees

Fatalities

Permanent Permanent Temporary total
total dis­ partial dis­
disabilities
abilities
abilities

To
To
To
To­ em­ To­ em­ To­ em­
tal ploy­ tal ploy­ tal ploy­
ees
ees
ees

Total

To em­
ployees

All groups.— ........................ 2,019,800 1,600,900 16,000 11,300 1,800 1,500 88,100 70,100 1,913,900 1,518,000
Agriculture1.......................... 305,600
Mining and quarrying2........
82,100
Construction 3__................... 112,200
M anufacturing4.................... 591,600
Public utilities.......................
20,300
T ra d e 3.................................... 296,000
94,100
Railroads •..............................
Miscellaneous transporta­
tion 3.................................... 139,900
Services, government, and
miscellaneous industries 3_ 378,000

71,600
77,600
72,700
581,600
20,300
236,800
94,100

4,500
1,500
1,700
2,700
400
800
1,100

1,100
1,400
1,200
2,600
400
600
1,100

400 100 15,300 3,500
200 200 3,600 3,400
100 100 3,400 2,200
300 300 30,700 30,200
600 600
(«)
(5
)
100 100 7,100 5,700
400 400 6,500 6,500

120,100 1,000

800

100

100 4,200 3,600

134,600 115,600

326,100 2,300 2,100

200

200 16,700 14,400

358,800 309,400

285,400 66,900
76,800 72,600
107,000 69,200
557,900 548,500
19,300 19,300
288,000 230,400
86,100 86,100

1 Based on fragmentary data.
3 Based largely on Bureau of Mines data.
3 Based on small sample studies.
* Based on comprehensive survey.
3 Less than 50.
*Based on Interstate Commerce Commission data.

The estimated total of 16,000 fatalities resulting from work injuries
is only 100 above that for 1944 (15,900). There is a similar difference







MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES EXPERIENCING MORE THAN 20.000
INDUSTRIAL INJURIES IN 1945

4
in the number of permanent total disabilities, estimated at 1,800 in
1945. But both permanent partial and temporary total disabilities
are down considerably from the corresponding 1944 levels. The 1945
total of 88,100 p^m anent partial disabilities is about 7 percent below
1944, and the number of 1,913,000 temporary total disabilities is
about 10 percent lower.
The major industry group with the greatest number of disabling
work injuries during 1945 was manufacturing. The total of 591,600,
however, was about 25 percent below the 1944 level of 786,900. In
1945, 2,700 manufacturing injuries resulted fatally, 31,000 were per­
manent impairments (of which 300 were permanent total disabilities),
and the remainder, 557,900, were temporary total disabilities.
As in past years, the available but very meager information for
agriculture indicates that this industry suffered the largest number
of fatalities, 4,500. The estimated injury total of 305,600, although
substantially below that for manufacturing, nevertheless exceeds thiat
for any other major industrial group except the one including miscel­
laneous industries, government, and services.
The injury experience in mining and quarrying during 1945 was
considerably better than in 1944. The total of 82,100 was nearly
11 percent lower than the 1944 total. The number of fatalities simi­
larly declined from about 1,700 in 1944 to about 1,500 in 1945.
In the large group of services, government, and miscellaneous indus­
tries, the injury total dropped appreciably from 419,300 in 1944 to
378,000 in 1945. On the other hand, a small increase was found for
railroads, while construction disabilities increased from 99,600 to
112,200, of which 1,700 were fatalities. In the trade group, the total
rose from 273,800 to 296,000, and the public utilities group had an
increase of 1,000 over its 1944 total of 19,300. The miscellaneous
transportation group also registered a small increase, from 135,100
to 139,900.

Injury-Frequency Rates
MANUFACTURING

Although the largest number of manufacturing industries experi­
enced decreases in their injury-frequency rates, the frequency rate
for the entire group went up slightly, from 18.4 in 1944 to 18.6 in 1945.
Out of 118 identical manufacturing industries covered in the surveys
of both years, 70 had decreases of 1 or more frequency points, and
only 17 had increases. In 31 others the change was negligible.
For the entire group, nearly 36,000 establishments with more than
9 million workers reported their injury experiences to the Bureau.
Of the total of more than 350,000 reported injuries, 0.5 percent ended
fatally or in permanent total disability, 5.2 percent resulted in perma-




-If—o&WZZl




6
nent partial impairments, and the greatest proportion, 94.3 percent,
in temporary total disability. The average time charge per perma­
nent partial impairment was 968 days, and the average duration of
temporary total disabilities was 19 days. Both of these averages are
above the 1944 figures. Particularly significant is the increase in the
average duration of temporary total disability, from 17 to 19 days.
As in past years, the logging industry led all other manufacturing
industries with a rate of 92.0—an appreciable increase over the 1944
rate of 85.4. Second, but still far ahead of other manufacturing in­
dustries, were sawmills, with a rate of 56.6—only slightly worse than
the 1944 rate of 55.6. Iron foundries had a rate of 44.8, and veneer
mills, of 44.6; rates for each of these industries were computed for
the first time in this survey. The rate for breweries declined from
46.2 to 43.5, but still ranked sixth highest among manufacturing
industries. The average number of disabling injuries per million
employee-hours worked declined sharply in the wooden container
industry, from 47.1 to 41.1, but still remained one of the highest in
the group.
The explosives industry, usually regarded as extremely hazardous,
had the lowest frequency rate among manufacturing industries in
1945—3.6. When accidents did occur, however, they were very
serious—7.4 percent resulted in death or permanent total disability,
and 12.0 percent in permanent partial impairments. The average
duration of temporary total disabilities was 49 days.
Similarly low frequency rates were found for the millinery industry
(4.0), bookbinding (4.2), the manufacture of women's and children's
clothes (4.6), and electric light bulbs (5.1).
NONMANUFACTURING

Stevedoring operations outranked every other industry in this
group with a frequency rate of 87.6, only slightly below the 1944 rate
of 88.1. It is very likely, however, that both of these rates fall con­
siderably short of the true frequency rate for this industry.
Trucking and hauling, with less than half the stevedoring rate,
ranked second highest in this group with a rate of 37.5, a slight im­
provement over the 1944 rate of 38.3. A slight rate decrease was ex­
perienced also by highway construction, from 36 0 to 35.8. A more
sizable decrease in rate was found for the warehousing and storage
industry, from 37.5 to 34.3. The 1945 rate for building construction,
30.9, was almost the same as the 1944 rate, 30.6.
Each of the five industries with the lowest frequency rates in non­
manufacturing had a rate less than the lowest rate experienced by
any of the manufacturing industries. Thus, the rate for radio




7
broadcasting was 1.7; apparel retailing, 2.2; insurance 2.8; and for
banks and telephone, 3.0, respectively.
Whereas most of the manufacturing industries registered fre­
quency-rate decreases, the trend among nonmanufacturing industries
was more evenly divided. Out of 43 identical classifications, 12 had
higher rates in 1945 than in 1944, 7 had lower rates, and 22 showed
little difference.

Appendix Tables
Injury-frequency rates for a large number of individual industries
in both manufacturing and nonmanufacturing are shown in table A.
Group frequency rates were arrived at by weighting .individual
industry rates according to the total employment in each.
A considerable number of new industries are shown for the 1945
survey. As the reporting group for a given industry becomes suffi­
ciently large, the industry is taken out of the miscellaneous group.
Thus, the single industry “electrical equipment and supplies” in the
1944 survey is shown as seven separate industries in the 1945 survey.
The number of industries shown in table A is the largest ever covered
in any of these surveys.
Other tables continue for 1945 the type of data shown in earlier
years: changes in employment, exposure, and injuries; total injury
estimates for individual industries; the distribution of permanent
impairments according to body parts affected; and the trend data
for the chart shown on page 5.




T a b l e A. —Injury Rates and Injuries, by Extent of Disability, 1945
[All reporting establishments]

Industry

All industries- ........................... ..................................

Num ber
of estab­
lishments

Number
of em­
ployees

Percent of disabling injuries result­ Average days lost per
disability 1
ing in
Employee- Number
hours
of dis­
worked
abling D eath and Permanent Temporary Permanent Temporary
(thous­
injuries permanent
total dis­ partial dis­ total dis­
partial
ands)
total dis­ disability
ability
ability
ability
ability 3

10,619,853 23,411,578
51,377
======== ===========

Injury rates2

Fre­
quency

Sever­
ity 1

403,050

Manufacturing
19

< 18.6

<1.6

13~
11
11
19
11

<11.5
8.4
4.6
4.0
6.3

<0.8
.4
.2
.1
.2

Total m anufacturing...................................................

35,764

9,103,747

20,101,787

352,457

0.5

5.2

94.3

968

Apparel and other finished textile products______

1,772
702
681
48
42

201,939
105,049
51,121
1,989
6,486

397,404
206,317
95,546
3,963
13,518

3,641
1,741
441
16
85

.2

2.9
1.8
3.4

96.9
98.2
96.6
(8
)
(8
)

1,616
2,488
1,279

299

37,294

78,058

1,358

.4

4.1

95.5

1,426

16

17.4

1.4

Chemicals and allied products_________________
C om pressed and liquefied gases
Drugs, toiletries, and insecticides...... ................
Explosives___ ___________________________
Fertilizers-----------------------------------------------Industrial chemicals_______________________
Paints, varnishes, and colors-----------------------Paving and roofing m aterials-----------------------

2,158
52
318
104
288
435
389
14

94.2

1,208

19
5
21
49
16
17
14
29

32
143
9
31
29
214

11,471
17,942
1,935
52,365
3,005
29,511

8
16
28
22
12
27

<13.5
17.7
14.9
3.6
33.5
16.0
17.6
14.4
11.1
9.5
11.6
6.6
8.9
23.4
15.2

<1.8

Plastic materials, except rubber_____________

15,065
92
1,751
540
1,240
3,763
1,323
105
3.327
251
464
30
995
163
1,021

4.7

P etroleum refining 7

1,182,678
5,205
117,369
148,602
37,022
234,895
75,208
7,291
300.325
26,315
39,922
4,544
112,009
6,974
66,990

1.1

100

397,725
2,553
53, 447
70,294
16,973
102,350
32,770
3,109

.6
2.1
3.7
2.3
1.0
1.9
(8
)
6.5
1.1
.2
1.3
3.8
2. 5

1,328
41
49

758,439
27,359
24,851

1,636,200
61,367
48,285

14,797
838
1,055

62
57
633

93,976
5,952
366,022

209,379
12,595
789,509

1,341
193
7,389

C loth in g, m en ’s and b o y s’
C loth in g, w om en ’s and eh ildren ’s
M illin ery

Apparel and accessories, not elsewhere classified
Trimmings and fabricated textile products, not
elsewhere classified............................. ...............

Soap and glycerin

Synthetic r u b b e r ...... ............... .................... ......
Synthetic textile fibers
_______ ____
Vegetable and animal oils......................... ..........
N ot elsewhere classified....................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies----A utom otive electrical eq u ip m en t

Batteries .
________________________
Communication and signaling equipment,
excep t radio

Electrical appliances.............................................
Electrical equipment for industrial use..............




(»)

(«)
(*)

(5)

(*)
(8)

.2
7.4

(8)

.9
.9

.4
(8
)

1.2

2.8
12.0
2.3
5.4
1.7

(8)

92.8
94.9
91.7

913
711
1,068

17
14
17

<9.2
13.7
21.8

<.9
.6
2.5

95.5

664
570
844

12
19
18

6.4
15.3
9. 4

.4
2.4
1.0

4.6

(8
)

.2

5.6

4.5
.2

(®
)

7.0
5.1
8.3

(8
)

(8)

(8)

581
760
1,828
1,231
992
1,600

5.6
(8
)
10.8

(8
)

.3

97.0
80.6
96.8
93.7
97.9

94.2
(8) J
94.4
(8
)
94.4
(8
)
88.9

(5
)

(8
)

(8)

600

(8)

8.0

(8)

91.8

1,394
914
300
1,310
2,440
1,087

(«)

Electrical lamps (bulbs).......................................
Insulated wire and cable......................................
Radios and phonographs— .................................
N ot elsewhere classified........................................

29
49
360
48

12,031
19,419
188,583
20,246

24,916
42,062
407,528
40,554

Food products...............................................................
Baking.....................................................................
Beverages, not elsewhere classified-...................
Breweries-...............................................................
Canning and preserving.......................................
Confectionery..................................................... .
Dairy products......................................................
Distilleries..............................................................
Flour, feed, and grain-mill products_________
Slaughtering and meat packing..........................
Sugar refining_ ____ _____________________
_
N ot elsewhere classified______ ____ _____ ___

3,851
599
251
295
366
211
287
111
519
915
95
202

495,857
54,666
7,274
55,808
61,918
38,899
18,003
26,581
45, 634
136,146
25,087
25,841

1,090,147
127,809
15,814
125,628
111,329
80,598
42,109
56,272
111, 759
313,408
52,181
53,232

Furniture and finished lumber products_________
Furniture, m etal....... ................... .......................
Furniture, except metal..... ..................................
Mattresses and bedsprings______ ___________
Morticians' supplies............................................
Office, store, and restaurant fixtures................ .
Wooden co n tain ers.............................................
N ot elsewhere classified........................................

2,579
55
794
218
34
100
974
404

176,600
11,100
64,552
10,210
2,102
6,750
54,503
27,383

378,985
25,508
139,627
20,738
4,706
12,913
115,165
60,326

Ron and steel and their products.................. ...........
Bolts, nuts, washers, and rivets_____________
Cold-finished steel________________________
Cutlery and edge tools_____________________
Fabricated structural steel..................................
Forgings, iron and steel_________ __________
Foundries, iron________ ________ __________
Foundries, steel____________ ______________
Hardware_________ _______ _______ ______
Heating equipment, not elsewhere classified...
Iron and steel__________ ______ ___________
M etal coating and engraving___ ___________
Ornamental metalwork. _....................................
Plate fabrication and boiler-shop products.......
Plumbers' supplies_________ ______________
Screw-machine products......................................
Sheet-metal work..................................... ............
Stamped and pressed metal products, not else­
where classified.................................................
Steam fittings and apparatus..............................
Steel barrels, kegs, drums, and packages...........
Steel springs...........................................................
T in cans and other tinware..................................
Tools except edge tools.......... !..........................

5,043
89
35
133
567
213
854
147
152
229
,253
148
79
258
91
181
120

1,407,540
17,822
9,524
20,201
47,455
60,221
124,971
67,146
33,831
32,642
580,149
11,494
4,554
33,597
25,583
28,983
10,326

3,046,670
39,493
21,554
45,070
100,084
127,668
276,186
142,484
68,271
71,455
1,236,298
23,000
9,706
75,998
59,609
66,342
25,093

431
190
53
27
130
198

80,588
38,835
9,539
8,707
43,310
26,652

172,620
85,205
21,807
20,297
95,500
61,592

See footnotes at end of table.




126
757
2,764
334

(•)
(fi)

30,978
2,375
362.
5,464
3,027
1,459
1,394
962
3,084
10,164
1,582
1,105
12,062
542
3,841
576
88
340
4,736
1,939
62,044
855
484
1,174
2,763
4,148
12,370
5,112
1,134
2,418
10,766
722
254
2,495
978
1,027
642
3,827
1,949
691
354
1,654
1,403

.5
.3

•

(8)

3.2
5.9

09

09

.4
.1
.6
.3
.2

.2

( #)

.4
.4

4 24.3
18.6
22.9
43.5
27.2
18.1
33.1
17.1
27.6
32.4
30.3
20.8

<1.9
1.3
1.5
7.3
1.1
.6
1.4
2.9
1.8
1.8
3.1
1.5

6.1
7.4
7.9
3.5
(6
)
6.5
3.3
4.6

93.7
92.6
92.0
96.3
(*)
93.5
96.3
95.0

783
564
783
1,167
750
423
596
1,160

15
15
14
9
18
20
17
14

4 29.7
21.2
27.5
27.8
18.7
26.3
41.1
32.1

4 2.3
1.2
2.1
1.8
1.0
1.2
3.1
2.8

5.4
4.4
9.3
4.3
4.3
4.2
2.0
1.4
7.1
3.4
8.1
2.8

94.0
95.6
89.1
95.5
95.1
95.4
97.6
98.0
92.9
96.2
90.1
97.2
98.3
95.6
88.4
91.7

802
493
742
905
665
604
925
823
473
1,175
886
750
643
750
655
1,060
600

22
17
21
16
23
21
16
18
12
13
43
20
13
14
16
14
18

4 21.6
21.6
22.5
26.0
27.6
32.5
44.8
35.9
16.6
33.8
8.7
31.4
26.2
32.8
16.4
15.5
25.6

4 1.8
.7
4.4
2.0
1.2
2.2
2.6
2.5
.8
2.7
1.8
1.4
2.4
1.1
1.2
2.2
1.7

89.7
97.5
(*)
(«)
91.4
93.7

631
597
394
1,144
581
538

14
15
18
22
14
12

22.2
22.9
31.7
17.4
17.3
22.8

1.9
1.0
1.3
1.0
1.0
1.1

(*)

1.5
4.2
11.6
8.3

.2
.1
(«)

.5
1.5
.7
1.2

14
14
13
13
17
15
15
22
14
13
16
14

.4
1.8

09

5.1
18.0
6.8
8.2

1,268
1,164
1,750
1,487
672
697
480
1,542
1,152
624
1,484
1,311

.6

.2
.2

31
19
16
12

95.2
95.5
98.3
90.5
98.1
97.4
98.8
95.2
97.3
96.3
96.6
98.1

1.6
.2
.6
.4
.4
.6

09

300
625
1,418
300

4.4
4.4
1.1
9.2
1.7
2.6
.7
4.0
2.3
3.4
2.6
1.4

.5
.8
.4
.3
.8
.5
.1
.2

(•)
96.3
93.8

10.1
2.4
09
09

8.6
6.3




(5)

T a b l e A.— Injury Rates and Injuries, by Extent of Disability, 1945— C o n tin u e d
[All reporting establishments]

Industry

Number
of estab­
lishments

Number
of em­
ployees

Percent of disabling injuries result­ Average days lost per
disability 1
ing in
Employee- Number
hours
of dis­
worked
abling Death and
Temporary Permanent Temporary
(thous­
injuries permanent Permanent total dis­ partial dis­ total dis­
partial
ands)
total dis­ disability
ability
ability
ability
ability 3

Injury ra te s2

Fre­
quency

Sever­
ity 1

Manufacturing—C ontinued
Iron and steel and their products—Continued
Vitreous-enameled products________________
Wire and wire products __________________ .
Wrought pipes, welded and heavy-riveted____
N ot elsewhere classified........................................

13
212
16
224

1,542
46,613
5,467
37,788

3,011
100,499
11,470
86,345

60
2,317
225
2,222

4. 9
.4
2.2
1.4

95.9
97.6
95.6
92.5
94.6
(5
)
95.1
92.9

1,067
1,612
914
967
982
1,164
1,083
613

18
21
16
20
19
21
15
15

4 57.9
92.0
56.6
52.6
36.9
40.9
44.6
35.1

<6.0
8.8
5.6
6.1
2.6
6.6
4.2
4.8

4.6

95.1
94.6
97.2
91.3
97.1
(s)
91.0
(5
)
95.0

739
773
641
766
990
525
661
500
531

17
13
14
18
17
9
19
12
15

4 18.6
23.5
15.8
15.3
25.9
15.1
12.4
19.6
20.8

41.1
1.8
.4
1.4
1.7
•2
1.0
2.7
1.1

4.4
6.7

95.2
93.1

693
705

21
16

18.1
18.1

.9
1.2

4.2

95.8

382

18

11.5

.5

.5
1.0
.4

4.5

.8
.3

5.4
2.8
7.9
2.6
(5 > o
8.8

5,126
2,890
1,980
256

Lum ber and timber basic products_____________

2,353
286
613
109
922
70
67
286

125,175
15,256
43,257
11,179
23,124
12,006
5.706
14,647

244,020
30,084
77,430
21,095
50,226
22,163
12,919
30,100

12,654
2,769
4,383
1,109
1,854
907
576
1,056

.8
.9
.8
.5
.4

3,944
211
46
173
294
47
90
15
139

1 926 799
95,’ 241
29,209
65,628
85,084
16,308
119,671
1,549
16,978

207)817
62,217
144,513
189,483
29,127
262,439
3,324
39,544

4)883
983
2,210
4,908
441
3,247
65 •
823

691
476

213,560
51,829

460,437
118,170

8,315
2,134

90

30,102

63,786

731




4 13.8
10.8
28.4
13.5

3.3
1.5
3.6
7.0
5.0
<5 , ,
)
4.4
6.1

356,124
267,437
69,792
18,895

Commercial and household machinery............
Construction and mining machinery------------Elevators, escalators, and conveyors-------------Engines and turbines______________________
Fabricated pipe and fittings.................................
Food-products machinery---------------------------General industrial machinery, not elsewhere
classified------------- ----------- ---------------------General machine shops (jobbing and repair).
Mechanical measuring and controlling instru­
m ents.......................................... ................ .......

16
12
19
13

95.8
94.3
97.2
91.8

161,815
121,231
31,381
9,203

■Rftarings, ball and roller

1,051
774
1,457
889

3.9
5.7
2.4
7.8

0.2

686
427
154
105

Machinery, except electric----------- --------------------Agricultural mftbhinAry and fcr»f»fcnrs

1* 2
2.8
.3
2.0

6.1

00

Leather and leather products............_............. ..........
Boots and shoes, not rubber _ ___________
Leather_____ _____________ _____________
Not elsewhere classified____________ ____ ___

Sawmills_________________________________
Sawmills and planing mills combined-----------Planing mills_________________ ___________
Plywood mills............... .........................................
Veneer mills______ _______________________
Millwork (structural)---------------------------------

19.9
23.1
19.6
25.7

950
1,264

(5
)

(8
)

.3

Tifwgina f

951

12
16
24
14

(5
)
89.4
(«)
93.7

00

.4
.4

00

40 089

(5
)
00

.2
.4
.4
.2

00

10.6

Mechanical power transmission equipment, ex­
cept ball and roller bearings.............................
Metalworking machinery. ..................................
Pum ps and compressors.....................................
Special industry machinery, not elsewhere
classified.............................................................
Textile machinery..............................................

99
972
131

29,287
179,058
26,500

346
124

44,590
22,205

Nonferrous metals and their p ro d u cts................. .
Aluminum and magnesium products.................
Foundries, nonferrous............... .........................
Prim ary smelting and refining 7........................
Nonferrous basic shapes and forms....................
Watches, clocks, jewelry, and silverware..........
N ot elsewhere classified......... ............................

874
30
411
87
36
60
260

152,171
13,247
41,861
27,623
29.684
13,944
25,812

Ordnance and accessories_____________________
Ammunition, except for small arms.............. .
Guns and related equipm ent.............................
Sighting and fire-control equipm ent............... .
Small arm s.................................... .......................
Small-arms am m unition...................................
Tanks, m ilitary................... .............................
T ank components, m ilitary............................... .
N ot elsewhere classified...................................... .

921
467
131
49
86

26
23
76
63

489,032
211,004
91,090
43,101
54,233
18,459
25,140
22,018
23,987

Paper and allied products..........................................
Envelopes.............................. ........... .............. .
Paper boxes and containers.............................. .
Paper............................... ...... ................................
Paper and pulp, integrated.............................. .
P u lp.......................... ............. ...............................
N ot elsewhere classified.......................................

1,392
74
602
348
140
30
198

267,275
7,343
57,195
77,362
84.684
7,559
33,132

Printing and publishing.................. ..................... .
Book and job printing............................... .........
Bookbinding___ ____________ _____________
News and periodical.............................................

2,354
1,531
32
791

166,761
77,280
1,937
87,544

Rubber products.........................................................
Rubber boots and shoes.......................................
Rubber tires and tubes..............................„........
N ot elsewhere classified.......................................

271
28
46
197

205,147
23,839
109,804
71,504

Stone, clay, and glass products..................................
Structural clay products......................................
C em ent7...............................................................
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products...........
C ut stone and cut-stone products......................
Glass......................................................................
Pottery and related products..............................
N ot elsewhere classified....... ................................

1,344
419
157
159
99
218
137
155

208,806
29,454
19,016
7,191
2,178
92,928
25,041
32,998

See footnotes at end of table.




1,339
6,569
1,126

(5
)

17,185
9,425
2,146
835
1,488
375
724
1,186
1,006
14,422
184
2,657
5,068
4,476
558
1,479
2,807
1,404
17
1,386
6,596
644
3,150
2,802
8,874
2,509
455
443
128
3,012
974
1,353

95.4
98.4

450
765
525

11
15
21

19.8
15.8
17.5

2.5
1.3
.5

5.0
1.9

94.9
97.6

1,075
638

14
17

20.5
14.1,

1.4
1.1

7.3

875
1,031
638
(9
1,075
300
706

20
24
12

09
6.4
(9
6.6

92.5
(»)
96.5
09
93.1
09
93.4

7.5
6.3
12.2

92.2
93.4
87.8

09

.1
.5

2,177
731
7,968
507
2,480
1,944
1,337
268
1, 432

.9

.2
(9
(8
)

.5
.5

(9

09

.3
.3
(9
(9

.6
.8

(9

(9
(9
(9

.2

.2

09

.1
.1
(9

.1

.3
.1

09

09

.8
.4
1.7
.6

9.7
2.3

3.5

47
16
15

<20.3
16.5
25.5
25.9
18.6
9.0
25.3

<2.6
5.5
1.3
(9
2.7
.2
1.5

(9
91.1
09
89.5
(9
97.7

679
670
766
500
700
356
454
623
970

21
17
23
37
41
13
34
21
14

<14.7
19.9
10.2
7.9
12.0
8.7
13.5
24.0
20.3

< 1.1
1.3
.8
.4
1.1
1.4
.9
1.5
.8

95.5
95. 1
92. 1
96.8
97.7
09
96.3

778
383
777
624
750
1,975
827

15
12
14
17
19
21
14

<23.5
11.7
22.6
28.6
23.6
29.4
21.0

<1.3
.4
1.7
1.2
1.2
1.9
1.1

94.7
93.7

1,086
1,102
390
1,128

18
21
6
16

<7.8
8.5
4.2
7.8

<.7
.8
.5
.5

4.0

1,046
1, 318
946
1,044

19
19
21
17

<15.6
12.5
13.5
18.2

<1.8
1.4
.9
2.8

17
15

<21.1
41.8
10.4
27.0
27.6
15.7
18.5
18.0

(9

09

2.4
13.0
2.8
1.6

(9
(9

3.8
3.8
2.6
4.1




95.9
92.5

7.3

.6
.5
(8
)

8.3

(9

5.2
6.2

.2
(9

3.0

4.3
4.9
7.6
3.0
1.8

.3
.2
.5
(9

3.7
1.6

(9

97.3
86.9

96.6
97.9
09
95.4
(9
95.8
95.7
95.3

(9

1,043
893
(9

690
300
1,163
1,083
1,011

(9

21
11
19
15
17

<1.8
2.7
(9

2.2
.4
1.3
2.5
2.1

T a b l e A .— Injury Rates and Injuries, by Extent of Disability,1 9 4 5 — C o n tin u e d
[All reporting establishments]

Industry

umber
establinents

Number
of em­
ployees

Percent of disabling injuries result­ Average days lost per
disability1
ing i n 1
—
Employee- Number
hours
of dis­
worked
abling Death and
Temporary Permanent Temporary
(thous­
injuries permanent Permanent total dis­ partial dis­ total dis­
partial
ands)
total dis­ disability
ability
ability
ability
ability a

Injury rates *

Fre­
quency

Sever­
ity 4

Manufacturing—Continued
Textile and textile-mill products................ ........ —
Carpets, rugs, and other floor coverings...........
Cordage and twine............................................Cotton yarn and textiles____ ____ _________
Dyeing and finishing textiles..............................
H ats, except cloth and millinery........... ............
K nit goods...................... .................................. .
Rayon, and other synthetic and silk textiles...
Woolen and worsted textiles....................... .
N ot elsewhere classified....................................

2,287
50
27
591
382
14
610
172
376
65

642,010
14,755
5,105
284,175
49,657
4,845
104,793
43,773
121,977
12,930

1,329,665
30,665
11,297
587,959
107,607
9,728
201,099
92,099
260,543
28,665

20,447
391
241
8,898
2,101
110
1,556
1,308
5,238
604

Transportation equipm ent.............. .............. .........
Aircraft..................................................................
Aircraft parts................................... ................ .
Boatbuilding.................................................... .
Motor vehicles----- --------------- -----------------Motor-vehicle parts.............................................
Railroad equipm ent......................... ...................
Shipbuilding.................. ......................................
N ot elsewhere classified....................... ..............

1,378
66
459
25
169
167
80
393
19

1,910,953
390,499
440,155
3,729
118,026
98,349
77,406
779,118
3,071

4,203,287
840,354
970,983
7,503
263,906
223,450
179,814
1,709,384
7, S89

69,955
7,919
10, 312
196
3, 439
4,485
3,610
39,859

Miscellaneous m anufacturing................ — ..............
Brooms and brushes...... .....................................
Byproducts, coke ovens 7....................................
Bee-hive, coke ovens 7__.....................................
Fabricated plastics products.............................. .
Optical and ophthalmic goods. .........................
Photographic apparatus and m aterials............
Professional and scientific instrum ents and
supplies............... ............... ............... ................
Tobacco products........... ...................................
Miscellaneous manufacturing ...........................

1,229
77
83
55
103
56
45

309,703
7,980
18,881
1,828
22,765
15,629
38,838

662,416
17,321
54,748
3,552
48,491
31,369
87,035

7,154
435
599
153
842
277
578

133
163
514

52,884
40,895
110,003

98,841
86,087
234,968

700
850
2,720




1 OK

.1
.3
.2
.4

3,7
4.6
5.6
4.2
3.3
(B
)
1.5
3.1
3.0
7.6

96.0
94.9
94.4
95.6
96.3
(5
)
98.4
96.6
96.8
92.0

1,001
1,239
963
966
1,293
300
729
1,545
1, 226
761

18
30
15
18
21
14
14
15
18
16

4 15.6
12.8
21.3
15.1
19.5
11.3
7.7
14.2
20.1
21.1

4 1.3
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.8
.2
.2
1.3
1.5
2.2

.6
.4
.3

7.1
8.4
12.9

92.3
91.2
86.8

1,029
1,045
1,135

4 17.1
9.4
10.6
26.1
13.0
20.1
20.1
23.3
17.1

4 1.9
1.2
1.7
.2
.8
1.3
1.6
3.1
.5
4 .6
.9

13
6
10

4 11.6
25.1
10.9
43.1
17.4
8.8
6.6

16
13
19

7.1
9.9
11.6

0i.3
.5
.2
.4
(B
>

(B
)

n\

.3
.2
.5
.9

(B
)

(*)

(8
)

(8
)

6.6

.3

812
840

15
8

(8)
( 8)

93.1

(8
)
( 8)

762

( 6)

( 6)
(B
)

(6)
(B
)

773
767
792
967
750

f»)

( 8)

.3

93.1
94.8
95.3
94.7
95.3
96.6

(B
)

4.6
3.4

.1
(8)

6.6
5.0
4.2
4.4

27
25
21
12
26
25
27
31
20

( B)

7.1
5.2
4.1

92.9
94.8
95.6

655
811
880

(8
)
(8>

( 8)

(8) „
1.6
.1
.1
.4
.5
.7

Nonmanufacturing
Construction 9_________ _____ __________
Building construction______________
Heavy engineering_________________
Highway construction______________
N ot elsewhere classified....................... .

1,585
1,156
131
221
74

83, 955
46,310
22, 396
12,872
2,294

164,643
86,250
50,931
22, 702
4,598

Com m unication9..........................................
Telephone (wire and radio)...................
Radio broadcasting and television____

531
105
426

384,752
371,140
13,612

762,797
735,589
27,207

T ransportation9................................ ......... —
Stevedoring....................................... ......
Streetcar_______ ________ __________
Bus___ ___________ _______________
Streetcar and bus_____ ____ ________
Trucking and hauling__________ ____
Warehousing and storage________ ___
N ot elsewhere classified.........................

1,142
117
27
263
52
385
264
32

211,415
0
10,695
37,705
95,162
10,051
18,341
1,541

592,089
72,617
27,762
94,479
239,441
22,982
38,815
3,843

Heat, light, and pow er9______ _________
Electric light and power____________
Gas....... .................................. ...................

599
398
186

247,784
193,970
53,430

535,928
420,198
114,829

W aterw orks9................................................. .

125

8,609

18,331

Personal services____________ __________
D ry cleaning____ ______ ___________
Laundries________ ___________ ____ _
Laundry and dry cleaning___________
Amusements and related services____
Hotels________________________ . . . .
Eating and drinking places__________
Medical and other professional services.
Miscellaneous personal services______

3,088
576
586
399
220
299
638
195
175

142,315
16,879
31,462
35,587
8,731
29,107
10,646
7,692
2,211

313,904
37,069
69,847
80,314
16,246
66,989
22,578
16,469
4,388

Business services____ __________________
Banks and other financial agencies----Insurance___ ____ _________________
Real estate________________________
Miscellaneous business service_______
Automobile repair shops and garages.
Miscellaneous repair services________
Airplane modification centers________

2,319
761
386
277
293
343
256
3

135,557
41,436
68,054
4,794
10,492
3,926
4,085
2,770

278,059
82,739
140,375
10,015
22,772
9,161
9,246
3,749

Educational services_________ _____ _____

231

101,724

166,890

Fire departm ents...........................................

205

24,360

85,347

Police departm ents____________________

151

23,187

55,699

See footnotes a t end of table.




5,072
2, 667
1,430
812
156
2,241
2,195
46
21,597
6,361
739
2,151
6,298
862
1,330
96

(5
)

1,546
1,588
1,104
2,289
975

17
17
18
14
18

30.8
30.9
28.1
35.8
33.9

.2
.1

99.6
99.7
(8)

1,500
1,900
300

14
14
16

2.9
3.0
1.7

4.9
7.5
1.1
2.5
1.2
.8
2.5

94.7
92.1
98.4
96.9
98.3
98.4
97.0
(8
)

1,422
1,614
1,013
1.306
1,468
757
1,220
1,686

16
22
14
12
16
15
15
17

36.5
87.6
26.6
22.8
26.3
37.5
34.3
25.0

4.2
14.6
1.5
1.8
1.7
2.6
2.6
3.5

2.1
1.9
2.8

96.2
96.1
96.5

1,589
1,595
1,579

17
17
16

14.0
13.0
17.7

2.1
2.2
1.8

(8
)
.4
.4
.5
.6
.5
.8
.5

(8
)

7,514
5,471
2,029

95.7
96.8
93.1
96.5
<)
8

(5
)
.2
.2

(8
)

4.9
3.2
8.1
4.4
4.9

2.6
2.4
2.9
2.8

1.7
.8
4.0
.7

(8
)
1.7
2.0
.7

.1
.1
(«)

407

.2

1.2

98.6

1,230

16

22.2

1.0

2,601
216
569
515
218
790
199
75
19

.4

2.1
1.9
3.5
2.7
1.4
1.3
1.0

97.5
98.1
96.1
96.7
98.1
98.3
99.0
(8
)
(8
)

1,373
638
1,220
1,768
1,633
1,720
300
550

14
13
17
15
14
13
15
8
16

8.3
5.8
8.1
6.4
13.4
11.8
8.8
4.6
4.3

.6
.1
.7
.6
.9
.7
.2
.5
1.4

2.3
1.2
1.3

97.3
98.4
98.4
(8
)
97.3
(8
)
95.4
(8
)

1,402
2,383
1,960
300
950
1,150
1,032
2,433

15
13
19
21
11
11
15
9

5.1
3.0
2.8
6.9
11.5
13.6
28.0
18.5

.3
.2
.2
.8
.4
.4
2.3
3.7

1,409
251
393
69
261
125
259
51

.4
.6
.5
.4
(5
)
(8
)

(6
)
(8
)
.4
.4
.3

(8
)

(8
)

(5
)

(8
)

.4

(5
)

2.7
4.2

(8
)

1,338

.2

2.9

96.9

1,401

14

8.0

.5

2,262

.9

.8

98.3

1,971

16

26.5

2.2

1,418

.6

.9

98.5

2,023

21

25.5

2.0




T a b l e A . — Injury Rates and Injuries, by Extent of Disability, 1945— C o n tin u e d
{AH reporting establishments]

Industry

Nonmanufacturing—Continued
Trade •............................................................................
Wholesale distributors...........................................
Retail, general merchandise.................................
Retail food.............................................................
Wholesale and retail dairy products..................
RetaO automobUes.......................... .....................
Filling s ta tio n s .....................................................
Retail apparel and accessories....... ............. ........
Miscellaneous retail stores_____________ ____
Wholesale and retail trade combined... .............

Number
of estab­
lishments

5,631
1,591
318
703
281
394
200
477
1,413
254

Number
of em­
ployees

152,235
44,217
27,965
23,569
10,955
6,161
1,232
9, 711
21,939
5,786

Percent of disabling injuries result­ Average days lost per
Injury rates1
3
2
disability1
ing i n i—
Employee- Number
hours
of dis­
worked
abling Death and
(thous­
Permanent
Fre­
injuries permanent Permanent Temporary partial dis- Temporary
total dis­ quency Sever­
total dis­
ands)
partial
ity *
total dis- disability
ability
abUity
ability
abHity 3

335,652
95,194
59,120
53,878
27,662
14,525
4,470
20,074
47, 918
12,808

4,722
1,602
358
837
593
198
26
45
773
290

0.5
.4

(«)
(*)

.2
.3
1.5
.5
2.1

(«)
(®
)

1.8
1.7
.6
1.9
1.2
3.0
2.1
2.4

97.7
97.9
99.4
97.9
98.5
95.5
(«)
(»)
97.4
95.5

1,073
1,020
1,275
875
936
700
300
1,141
2,200

13
12
15
11
13
16
17
18
17
14

4 13.9
16.8
6.1
15.5
24.4
13.6
5.8
2.2
16. 1
22.6

4 1.0
.9
,1
.6
.9
1.7
1.6
(•)
1.1
4.3

1 Based on reports which furnished details regarding the resulting disabUities, constituting approximately 60 percent of the total sample.
2 The frequency rate is the average number of disabling injuries for each million employee-hours worked. The severity rate is the average number of days lost for each thousand
employee-hours worked. The standard time-loss ratings for fatalities and permanent disabilities are given in M ethod of Compiling Industrial Injury Rates, approved by the American
Standard Association 1945.
3 Each death or permanent total disability is charged with the time loss of 6,000 days in the computation of severity rates.
• Weighted according to estimates of total current employment in each industry.
• DisabiUty distribution and average time charges not given because of small number of injuries for which details were reported.
• Less than 0.06.
i Preliminary data compiled by the Bureau of Mines, U. S. Department of Interior.
• N ot avaUable.
• Prim arily reported by company instead of by establishment.




15
T a b le B . — Changes in Exposure, Disabling Injuries, and Injury Rates for 30,209

Identical Establishments, 1944 to 1945

Industry

Percent of change in—
Num­
ber of
Em­
estab­
Fre­ Sever­
Dis­
Em­ ployee- abling Total
lish­
ity
ments ployees hours injuries time quency rate
rate
lost
worked

Manufacturing
Total, manufacturing........................................ 17,809

-14

-1 9

-2 2

“9

1 -7

147

Apparel and other finished textile products...
Clothing, men’s and boys’. . .....................
Clothing, women’s and children’s ,...........
Apparel and accessories, not elsewhere
classified...................................................
Trimmings and fabricated textile prod­
ucts, not elsewhere classified..................

1,055
423
433

-5
—7
-4

-8
-1 0
-8

-9
-9
-14

447
483
-5

i-7
41
-6

14 6 O

16

-8

-7

474

4161

487

4178

183

+1

-2

-11

435

-1 0

435

Chemicals and allied products *................ . . . .
Drugs, toiletries, and insecticides..............
Explosives....................................................
Fertilizers....................................................
Industrial chemicals....................................
Paints, varnishes, and colors.....................
Pavings and roofing materials...................
Soap and glycerin........................................
Synthetic textile fibers...............................
Vegetable and animal oils..........................
Not elsewhere classified..............................

1,211
221
46
239
187
312
8
56
20
17
104

42
+1
(3
)
(3)
42
46
46
-2
46
-4
41

-1
42
-7
-1
-1
43
46
-4
43
-1 8
-2

-1 0
-2 7
-3 3
—2
-3
-2
444
-5
-1 7
-1 5
-4

“3
420
414
“ 27
410
49
“2
“ 57
4295
“ 49
499

1 -7
-2 8
-2 7
-1
-3
-5
435
-1
-1 9
44
-1

1431
417

356
5

-1 0
4288

-1 7
4297

-2 5
4177

41
4351

1 -2
-3 0

1414
425

4
232
112

-9
-1 3
-5

-1 3
-2 0
-1 2

-1 8
-2 4
-3 6

-6 9
-4
426

-6
-6
-2 7

-6 7
425
480

Food products...................................................
Baking..........................................................
Beverages, not elsewhere classified...........
Breweries.....................................................
Canning and preserving............................
Confectionery......................................... ...
Dairy products............................................
Distilleries...................................................
Flour, feed, and grain-mill products.........
Slaughtering and meat packing.................
Sugar refining_______________________
Not elsewhere classified........... ..................

2,501
477
211
248
279
190
123
60
443
239
85
146

42
(3)
45
49
43
-3
(4
)
45
46
-5
410
-1

(3
)
0)
4-4
410
43
-5
-1
49
49
-1 2
48
(3
)

-4
-1 5
-6
417
-5
-11
417
42
(*)
-16
43
-2 i

“ 11
418
-1 4
418
-4 0
-6 0
-7 7
421
-4 8
-2 5
465
423

1 -8
-1 5
-9
46
-8
—
6
418
-6
-8
-5
-4
-2 2

1 -6

Furniture and finished lumber products........
Furniture, metal.........................................
Furniture, except metal................... .........
Mattresses and bedsprings.........................
Morticians supplies....................................
Office, store, and restaurant fixtures.........
Wooden containers.....................................
Not elsewhere classified..............................

1,098
28
637
30
28
70
109
196

(4)
-1 6
-1
411
-1 3
422
-3
41

-2
-2 0
-1
410
-1 2
412
-11
-1

-9
-31
-8
-2 3
-3
413
-13
-9

-1
-4 9
-3
415
-7 7
-3 7
444
(*)

1-8
-1 3
-7
-3 0
411
41
-3
-8

10
-3 6
0
44
-7 1
-4 4
+M
-3

Iron and steel and their products 2_................
Bolts, nuts, washers, and rivets................
Cutlery and edge tools...............................
Fabricated structural steel.........................
Forgings, iron and steel..................... ........
Foundries, iron............................................
Hardware.....................................................
Heating equipment, not elsewhere
classified..................... .............................
Iron and steel..............................................
Metal coating and engraving.....................
Ornamental metal w ork...........................
Plate fabrication and boiler-shop products.

2,109
28
84
76
100
556
96

-5
-9
42
-2 2
-15
-2
453

-1 0
-1 3
41
-27
-2 0
-7
436

-1 7
-2 8
-2
-44
-3 0
“8
43

-1 7
411
-51
-4 4
-44
-4

i- ll
-1 7
-3
-2 7
-1 2
-2
-2 4

1-15
417
-5 2
-2 1
-3 1
433
-3 3

121
125
27
37
65

-3
-6
-1 4
-11
-8

-7
-11
-15
-1 3
-1 7

“3
-14
-4 7
“ 33
-34

-3 3
-1 3
410
4100
-6 0

45
-3
-38
-2 3
-21

-3 0
0
436
4127
-4 6

Electrical machinery, equipment, and sup­
plies 2............................................................._
Batteries................................... ...................
Communication and signaling equip­
ment, except radio...................................
Electrical equipment for industrial u se..Radios and phonographs............................

See footnotes a t end of table.




422

4150
0

422

-2 6
410
0
0
-5 6
4289
-3 8
480

417
-1 3
46
-4 2
-6 0
-8 0
410
-5 2
-2 4
450

421

16
T a b l e B .— Changes in Exposure, Disabling Injuries, and Injury Rates for 30,209

Identical Establishments, 1944 to 1945— Continued

Industry

Percent of change in—
Num­
ber of
estab­
Em­
Dis­
Fre­ Sever­
lish­
Em­ ployee- abling Total
ity
ments ployees hours injuries time quency rate
lost
rate
worked

Manufacturing—Continued
Iron and steel and their products—Con.
Plumbers' supplies....................... .............
Screw-machine products______ ______ _
Sheet-metal work____________________
Stamped and pressed metal products___
Steam fittings and apparatus__________
Steel springs................................................
Tin cans and other tinware. . _________
Tools, except edge tools............................ .
Wire and wire products..............................
Not elsewhere classified..................... ........

43
63
36
175
113
4
38
108
111
99

-8
-1 8
+2
-6
-8
-1
+6
-6
-7
-9

-1 2
-22
-2
-8
-13
-2 0
+1
-11
-13
-15

-1 3
-18
-26
-23
-6
-53
-33
-23
-9
-29

+83
+29
+62
+36
-6 7
+82
-51
-2 8
-56
-5 2

(4
)
+5
-24
-17
+8
-4 2
-34
-13
+4
-1 6

+100
+62
+75
+45
-6 2
+133
-5 4
-2 0
-48
-4 6

Leather and leather products..........................
Boots and shoes...........................................
Leather.........................................................
Not elsewhere classified..............................

469
283
127
59

-1
(3
)
-1
-9

-1
(4
)
-2
-1 3

-1 2
-2 0
-2
-3 6

+48
+177
+37
+9

i-1 7
-2 0
(3
)
-2 6

i+75
+200
+38
+33

Lumber and timber basic products2. ............
Logging......................................... ..............
Sawmills.............................................. ........
Sawmills and planing mills combined___
Planing mills...............................................
Veneer m ills ...............................................
Millwork (structural).................................

811
258
378
42
83
33
15

+8
+7
+11
-4
+4
-1
+20

-1
+1
-2
-1 4
(4
)
+1
+19

-9
-2
-1 6
-2 0
-2 0
+5
+39

-1 9
-28
-1 9
-9
—
7
-13
+149

1-8
-3
-1 4
-6
-1 9
+4
+17

1-18
-2 8
-1 7
+7
-8
-15
+111

Machinery, except electric 2_..........................
Agricultural machinery and tractors.........
Commercial and household m achinery...
Construction and mining machinery........
Engines and turbines. ...............................
Food-products machinery..........................
General industrial machinery, not else­
where classified ______ ___________
General machine shops (jobbing and
repair)........................................................
Metalworking machinery...........................
Pumps and compressors.............................
Special industry machinery, not else­
where classified. ......................................
Textile machinery. .....................................

1,602
116
60
165
24
72

-1
-1
+5
-4
-28
-3

-1 0
-8
-7
-1 2
-2 8
-1 0

-18
-1
-34
-2 0
-2 2
-13

+33
-14
+231
+6
+70
+120

i-1 2
+8
-2 9
-9
+8
-2

i+18
-1 3
+200
+20
+157
+125

273

+16

+3

-15

+3

-1 8

-18

170
444
4

+36
-10
-6

-23
-17
+5

-3 4
-2 6
-7

+146
+94
-7 6

-1 4
-11
-1 2

+200
+125
-8 3

181
87

+10
+6

+7
-5

-8
—
22

+123
-5

-14
-18

+114
-7

Nonferrous metals and their products 2_____
Foundries, nonferrous................................
Not elsewhere classified.............................

151
52
96

-15
-3 9
-4

-16
-35
-8

-2 2
-46
-11

-11
+15
-2 2

i-2 6
-1 7
-4

i+14
+63
-14

Ordnance and accessories 2...................... ........
Ammunition, except for small arms.........
Guns and related equipment____ _____
Sighting and fire-control equipment....... .
Small arm s................................... ..............
Tanks, m ilitary..................... .....................
T ank components, m ilitary.......................
Not elsewhere classified..............................

143
59
24
4
18
7
11
17

-32
-28
-34
-17
-49
-32
-1 6
+13

-36
-31
-35
-26
—
52
-35
-21
-6

-3 0
-2 7
-3 2
-14
-49
-35
+21
-1 8

+3
+4
+73
(5
)
-1 7
-8
+126
-15

1+3
+6
+3
+17
+6
+1
+54
-1 3

1+50
+50
+150
(5
)
+60
+50
+175
-11

Paper and allied products............................... .
Envelopes........................„..........................
Paper boxes and containers__________
Paper............................................................
Paper and pulp, integrated........................
P ulp..............................................................
Not elsewhere classified.........................

674
62
282
131
58
12
129

-3
-2
-1 6
(4
)
+1
-1
+1

-4
-4
-1 7
-2
(3
)
+3
-4

-6
-9
-2 0
-8
-3
+6
+1

+23
-1 8
-2 4
+83
+126
+913
+16

1-2
-5
-4
-6
-4
+3
+5

i+60
-20
0
+100
+111
+675
+18

Printing and publishing.................. .............. .
Book and job printing_______ ________
See fo o tn o tes a t end of table.

2,157
1,393

+5
+7

+4
+7

-4
+2

-19
-31

i-1 2
-4

i-3 0
-3 3




17
T a b l e B .— Changes in Exposure, Disabling Injuries, and Injury Rates for 30,209

Identical Establishments, 1944 to 1945—Continued

Industry

Percent of change in—
Number of
Em­
estab­
Dis­
Fre­ Sever­
lish­
Em­ ployee- abling Total
ity
ments ployees hours injuries time quency rate
rate
lost
worked

Manufacturing—Continued
Printing and publishing—Continued
Bookbinding............................. .................
News and periodical...................................

28
736

-1
■H

-6
+2

-6 4
-6

-6 3
+4

-61
-8

-5 7
0

Rubber products................. . ........ . ................ _
Boots and shoes_____________________
Rubber tires and tubes........................... ..
Not elsewhere classified......... ...................

161
19
25
107

-4
00
+6
—17

-8
-3
(0
-1 8

-18
(0
-2 5
-1 3

-1
+11
+26
-7

1-8
+3
-2 5
+6

1+15
+32
+21
+15

Stone, clay, and glass products........................
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products..
Cut stone and cut-stone products.............
Glass........................ ........ ..........................
Pottery and related products.....................
Structural clay products............................
Not elsewhere classified..............................

825
83
88
163
83
336
72

-1
+7
-2
-1
-4
+4
-3

-2
-1
+11
-3
-4
+3
-5

-6
-1 3
-6
-1 4
+2
+2
-7

-3
-9
-8 7
+9
+358
-3 7
00

1-5
-1 2
-1 5
-11
+7
-1
-2

10
-8
-8 7
+8
+420
-3 9
+8

Textiles and textile-mill products_____ _____
Carpets, rugs, and other floor coverings..
Cordage and twine......................................
Cotton yam and textiles............................
Dyeing and finishing textiles.....................
Hats, except cloth and millinery_______
K nit goods_________________________
Rayon and other synthetic and silk textiles.
Woolen and worsted textiles.................... .
Not elsewhere classified..............................

1,503
40
16
431
101
4
469
127
301
14

-4
-1
-2
-4
-5
-4
-6
-1
-4
-6

-7
-3
-9
-7
-7
-8
-9
-5
-6
-1 7

-1 2
+25
+15
-14
-36
+150
-2 3
-1 0
-5
-2 9

+12
-1 8
-41
+8
-4
+465
+8
+153
+1
-6 1

1-9
+30
+26
-7
-3 1
+173
-1 6
-5
+1
-1 4

1+22
+27
-3 3
+17
+6
+506
0
+160
0
-6 0

Transportation equipment *.............................
Aircraft.....................................................
Aircraft parts............................................. .
Boatbuilding..............................................
Motor vehicles.............................................
Motor-vehicle p arts....................................
Railroad equipment....................................
Shipbuilding................................................

506
30
141
8
61
51
48
160

-3 5
-3 8
-3 3
-2 3
-1
-1 3
-8
-3 9

-4 0
-4 5
-4 0
-2 4
-9
-1 8
-1 1
-4 2

-4 1
-3 8
-3 6
-6 0
-1 8
-2 9
-1 5
-4 6

-2 3
-6
-2 3
-8 4
+28
+7
+15
-3 2

l-l
+13
+7
-4 7
-10
-1 0
-5
-6

1+20
+83
+17
-8 3
+57
+55
+31
+14

Miscellaneous manufacturing *................... .....
Brooms and brushes............. ......................
Optical and ophthalmic goods.......... ........
Professional and scientific instruments
and supplies............................................
Tobacco products....................................
Miscellaneous manufacturing.................. .

487
65
7

-4
+8
+21

-9
+5
+15

-2 1
+33
-1 2

+22
+87
-7 0

1-18
+27
-2 4

1+25
+67
-8 0

18
151
242

-6
-5
-5

-1 9
-7
-11

-2 5
-2 5
-2 7

+18
-3
+37

-7
-1 9
-1 8

+50
+20
+67

Construction *•..................................................
Building construction.................................
Heavy engineering construction................
Highway construction................................
Not elsewhere classified.............................

1, 291
922
109
199
58

-3
+26
-4 0
+18
-2 3

-1 2
+20
-4 5
+9
-11

+6
+17
-1 2
+12
-2

+21
00
+85
-41
+385

+20
-2
+61
+3
+10

+38
-1 7
+240
-4 5
+450

Communication #...............................................
Telephone (wire and radio).......................
Radio broadcasting and television............

446
98
348

+3
+3
+3

+4
+4
+3

-8
-9
+23

-3 6
-3 6
+80

-1 2
-1 2
+25

0
0
+74

Transportation 3«..............................................
Stevedoring..................................................
Streetcar.......................................................
Bus...............................................................
Streetcar and bus........................................
Tracking and hauling.................................

861
89
26
240
45
291

-5
-4 8
+2
+4
(3)
-2

(*)
-7
+3
+4
-2
-5

+6
-6
+2
+13
+12
-4

-1 5
-5 3
+20
+69
-2 0
+22

+6
+1
-1
+8
+15
+1

-1 4
-5 0
+15
+64
-2 0
+27

Nonmanufacturing

See footnotes at end of table.




18
T able B.— Chm \es in Exi yosure, Disabling Injury, and Injury Rates jo r 30,209
Identical l Establishments, 1944 to 1945—Continued

Industry

Percent of change in—
Num­
ber of
estab­
Em ­
Dis­
Fre­ Sever­
lish­
Em ­ ployee- abling Total
ments ployees hours injuries tim e quency ity
lost
rate
rate
worked

Nonmanufacturing—Continued
Transportation 1*
2 «—Continued
Warehousing and storage________ _____
Not elsewhere classified........... ..................

142
26

-3
+1

-6
+8

-2 6
+10

-2
+382

-2 2
+2

+4
+350

Heat, light, and power *«.................................
Electric light and power............................
Gas................................................................

372
179

666

+6
+7
+4

b6
H
b7
H
b2
H

+17
+18
+13

+6
+11
-1 2

+10
+10
+10

0
+5
-1 0

Waterworks •______________________ _____

104

-1

Personal services................................................
D ry cleaning................................................
Laundries....................................... ............
Laundry and dry cleaning™......................
Amusements and related services.............
Hotels...........................................................
Eating and drinking places.......................
Medical and other professional services...
Miscellaneous personal services..... ...........

2,675
497
517
356
191
246
456
166
146

+5

Business services................................................
Banks and other financial agencies............
Insurance....................................................
Beal estate.......................... —................... .
Miscellaneous business services............... .
Automobile repair shops and garages.......
Miscellaneous repair services.....................
Airplane modification centers....................

1,793
701
167
217
211

285
209
3

-3

-J-20

-31

+24

-2 5

0

13
-3
+7
-2
+2
-1
+9
+4

-1 3
-1 2
-1 2
--26
-4-49
-9
-3 5
+5
-j-29

-2 1
-7 5
-1 8
-51
-4 6
+79
+14
+204
+374

-1 3
+2
-9
-3 1
+53
-11
-3 4
-2
+24

-1 4
-6 0
-2 2
-5 8
-5 0
+75
0
+150
+300

+10
+9
+5
-4 5

-2
+6
+7
-5
+4
+6
0
—72

-1 6
-8
+7
+4
-2 0
+14
+11
-7 4

-8
+5
+273
+785
-7 9
-6 2
-11
+12

-1 5
-1 4
0
+8
-2 3
+7
+11
-6

0
0
+100
+800
-7 8
-6 7
-8
+311
-2 5

-6
-2
+?
+4
+5
—2

+10

+7
+2
+6
+2

Educational services........................................ .

140

+3

-2

-1 7

-31

-1 6

Eire departments...............................................

204

+2

-8

+2

-3

+11

+6

Police departments............................................

151

-2

-5

+15

+22

+21

+33

Trade..................................................................
Wholesale distributors................................
Retail, general merchandise.......................
Retail food...................................................
Wholesale and retail dairy products.........
Retail automobiles—...................................
Filling stations......... ..................................
Retail apparel and accessories...................
Miscellaneous retail stores— .....................
Wholesale and retail trade combined........

4,265
1,287
181
411
199
316
145
372
1,141
213

+5
+«
-M
+2
+9
+16
b7
f-4
H
2
-2

-1
0
-8
-8
+9
-14
-1 5
-41
+2
+21

+16
+31
+37
+26
-2 7
+146
-8 3
-8 6
-2 0
+130

1 -5
-5
-1 2
-9

1+13
+22
+100
+50
-3 0
+122
-8 7
-8 7
-2 3
+122

+5
+7
+2
t?
+1
+20
+10
+2
+6
0

1 Weighted according to estimates of total current employment in each industry.
2 Totals include figures for industries not shown separately.
2 More than half of 1 percent but less than 1 percent.
* Less than half of 1 percent.
8 N ot available.
« Primarily reported by company instead of by establishments.




-2 6
-2 0
-43«
-1
+19

19
T a b l e C .— Estimates of Disabilities, by Extent, for Manufacturing Industries, 1945
[Excluding self-employed]
All reporting establishments

Industry

Apparel and other finished textile
products.........................................

Death PerNum­ Em­
Num­ ber of ployee- Num­ All
and
Tem­
ber of disa­ perma­ mar porary Total
ber of em­
days
disa­
nent
hours
estab­ ploy­ worked bling bling nent partial total
lost
in­
total disa­ disa­ (thou­
lish­
ees
in­
(thou­
ments (thou­ sands) juries juries disa­ bility bility sands)
bility
sands)

1,772

Chemicals and allied products1___ 2,158
Drugs, toiletries, and insecticides.........................................
318
104
Explosives.............- ....................
Fertilizers................................ .
288
Industrial chemicals, not elsewhere classified.......................
719
389
Paints, varnishes, and colors__
Soap and glycerin
._ _ _ _
143
31
Synthetic textile fibers..............
Electrical machinery equipment
and supplies1.................................
Communication and signaling
equipment, except radio____
Electrical equipment for indus­
trial use...................................
Food products1................................
Breweries............ ............ ..........
Confectionery........ ...................
Flour, feed, and grain-mill
products...................................
Slaughtering and meat packing.
Sugar refining.............................

Estimates for entire industry

1,328

3,641 18,000

35

520 17,445

1,277

522 1,182,678 15,065 24,000

265

1,130 22,605

3,385

201

397,404

53
70
16

117,369
148,602
37,022

1,751
540
1,240

2,500
800
2,000

5
60
20

70
100
50

2,425
640
1,930

120
473
223

148
32
17
52

339,720
75,208
39,922
112,009

5,228 13,100
1,323 1,500
464
500
995 1,300

90
5

850 12,160
30 1,465
470
30
70 1,230

1,844
81
28
119

758 1,636,200 14,797 16,300

35

1,140 15,125

1,508

70

1,530

66

650

7,435

772

320
20

3,520 76,160
630 6,150
70 2,630

7,450
1,134
89

62

93

209,379

1,341

1,600

633

366

789,509

7,389

8,100

15

495 1,090,147 30,978 80,000
55 125,628 5,464 6,800
38 80,598 1,459 2,700

3,851
295
211
519
915
95

45
136
25

111, 759 3,084 5,500
313,408 10,164 13,300
52,181 1,582 1,900

20
40
15

130 5,350
450 12,810
50 1,835

353
689
191

2,579
949
218

176
82
10

378,985 12,062 25,000
178,049 4,723 9,400
576 1,100
20,738

50
10

1,530 23,420
720 8,670
40 1,060

1,849
706
64

5,043

1,407 3,046,670 62,044 67,000

400

3,620 62,980

6,689

Fabricated structural steel........
Foundries, iron..........................
Foundries, steel.........................
Heating equipment....................
Iron and steel.............................
Serew-m aeh in e products _
T in cans and other tinware___
Tools, except edge tools____ _
Wire and wire products______

89
567
854
147
229
288
181
130
198
212

855 1,000
17 39,493
47 100,084 2,763 3,800
124 276,186 12,370 12,700
67 142,484 5,112 5,500
32 71,455 2,418 3,200
589 1,257,852 11,250 12,000
28 66,342 1,027 1,100
43 95,500 1,654 1,800
26 61,592 1,403 1,500
46 100,499 2,317 3,600

50
950
170 3,605
260 12,390
80 5,385
110 3,075
980 10,805
120
980
150 1,650
100 1,400
380 3,220

38
331
740
358
247
2,204
144
110
69
528

Leather and leather products1____
Boots and shoes_____ _______
Leather............... ........ ..............

686
427
154

161
121
31

356,124
267,437
69,792

5,126 11,200
2,890 5,000
1,980 2,800

35
10

440 10,725
280 4,720
70 2,720

833
275
214

Lumber and timber basic products1 2,353
Planing and plywood mills----- 1,345
See fo o tn o tes a t end of ta b le

125
55

244,020 12,654 53,000
115,409 4,393 10,900

425
55

1,750 50,825
630 10,215

5,332
1,126

Furniture and finished lumber
products1.......................................
Furniture, metal and wood___
M attress and hedsprings

Iron and steel and their products K
Bolts, nuts, washers, and
r iv e ts .............




25
50
35
15
215

20
T able C .—Estimates of Disabilities, by Extent, for Manufacturing Industries, 1945—
Continued
All reporting establishments

Industry

Machinery, except electric1............
Agricultural machinery and
tractors__________________
Commercial and household
machinery_______________
General industrial machinery,
not elsewhere classified..........
Pumps and compressors_____
Textile machinery.....................
Nonferrous metals and their
products i..... .................................
Nonferrous basic shapes and
forms........................................

Estimates for entire industry

Num­
Death PerEm­
Num­ ber of ployee- Num­ All
and
Tem­
ber of disa­ perma­ ma- porary Total
ber of em­
hours
disa­ bling nent nent total days
estab­ ploy­ worked bling
lost
lish­
in­
ees
total partial disa­ (thou­
(thou­
in­
disa­
ments (thou­ sands) juries juries disa­ bility bility sands)
sands)
bility
3,944

1,026 2,284,883 40,682 44,800

180

211

95

207,817

4,883

6,100

173

65

144,513

2,210

2,400

20

638 1,400,496 25,163 27,700
26
64,183 1,126 2,300
22 51,738
731
800

85

874

152

361,435

36

29

71,926

2,333
131
124

2,020 42,600

3,297

330

5,770

190

2,190

297

5

1,270 26,345
40 2,260
775
20

1,918
65
45

7,968 12,400

25

910 11,465

1,176

3,400

15

220

1,337

327

3,165

479

135

3,340 41,025

3,939

1,260 18,680
630 4,570
260 2,920

1,520
590
415
1,244
8
393
623

Ordnance and a cce sso ries.............
Ammunition, except for small
arms______ ______________
Guns and related equipment—
Small arms...... ..........................

921

489 1,106,870 17,185 44,500

467
131
86

211
91
54

472,649
209,418
123,651

9,425 20,000
2,146 5,20)
1,488 3,200

60

Paper and allied products1...... ......
Envelopes_________________
Paper boxes and containers___
Paper and pulp....... ..................

1,392
74
602
518

267
7
57
169

589,986 14,422 20,80)
15,744
184
300
117,708 2,657 4,400
385,961 10,102 10, 500

40
15
30

890 19,870
10
290
330 4,055
290 10,180

Printing and publishing1................
News and periodical..................

2,354
791

166
87

346,826
177,714

2,807
1,386

9,300
3,300

10
5

480
130

8,810
3,165

736
214

Rubber products 1............................
Rubber tires and tubes.............

271
46

205
109

439,144
233, 225

6,596
3,150

7,700
3,200

15
10

560
80

7,125
3,110

809
190

Stone, clay, and glass products 1
__
Glass...........................................
Pottery and related products. _
Structural clay products...........

1,344
218
137
419

208 445,038
92 192,177
25 • 52,661
29 59,969

8,874 16,100
3,012 3,700
974 1,800
2,509 4,300

95
15
30
20

450 15,555
140 3,545
50 1,720
70 4,210

1,309
321
256
256

Textiles and textile-mill products1.
Carpets, rugs, and other floor
coverings___ ^_______ _____
Cotton yam and textiles_____
Dyeing and finishing textiles. _
Knit goods........... .................
Rayon and other synthetic
and silk textiles.......................
Woolen and worsted textiles...

2,287

642 1, 329,665 20,447 36,900

Transportation equipm ent1............
Motor vehicles and parts..........
Shipbuilding and boatbuild­
ing 2..........................................
Miscellaneous m anufacturing1.......
Professional and scientific in­
struments and supplies..........
Tobacco products................ ......

1,229

309

662,416

133
163

52
40

98,841
86,087

20

110

1,370 35,420

2,669

50
591
382
610

14
284
49
104

30,665
587,959
107,607
201,099

391
6C0
8,898 14,600
2,101 2,600
1,556 2,700

5
30
10
5

565
30
610 13,960
90 2,500
40 2,655

66
1,017
231
85

172
376

43
121

92,099
260,543

1,308
5,238

2,800
6,600

10
15

90
200

1,378
336

1,910 4,203,287 69,955 80,4(0
216 487,357 7,924 19,6(0

485
60

5,710 74,205 10,780
1,170 18,370 1,731

418

782 1,716,888 40,055 41,3(0

370

1,770 39,160

5,153

15

650 13,535

815

50
100

46
105

7,154 14,200
700
850

8(0
1,9(0

2,700
6,385

750
1,800

223
435

1 Includes data for industries not snown separately because of insufficient coverage upon which to base
industry estimates.
* Does not include United States navy yards.




21
T able D .—Distribution of A ll Reported Injuries Resulting in Permanent Partial
Disability, According to Part of Body Affected, by Industry, 1945
Percent of permanent partial disability cases
involving the loss, or loss of use of—
Industry

Total

A
A
An hand A leg foot
or
arm fin­
or
toes
gers

An
eye

One
or
both Other
ears
(hear­
ing)

Manufacturing
Total, manufacturing................................................... -

100

4

75

3

7

5

Apparel and other finished textile products................

100

14

72

11

3

0

0

0

Chemicals and allied products......................................
Explosives................................................................
Industrial chemicals................................................
Not elsewhere classified..........................................

100
100
100
100

4
0
5
5

66
84
62
64

5
3
3
5

9
3
14
3

9
10
5
8

0
0
0
0

8
0
11
15

Electrical machinery, equipment and supplies...........
Electrical equipment for industrial use.................
Radios and phonographs........................................

100
100
100

4
2
16

72
75
71

3
2
2

6
7
4

5
5
0

0
0
0

10
9
7

Food products................................................................
Baking......................................................................
Breweries............................. ........... -............. -___
Flour, feed, and grain-mill products......................
Slaughtering and meat packing............................
Sugar refining..........................................................

100
100
100
100
100
100

7
3
9
8
1
16

61
72
49
72
82
69

5
8
6
2
1
2

9
11
10
3
7
7

9
3
14
5
3
7

0)
0
0)
2
2
0

9
3
12
8
4
0

Furniture and finished lumber products.....................
Furniture, m etal.....................................................
Furniture, except metal..........................................
Wooden containers..................................................
Not elsewhere classified..... .....................................

100
100
100
100
100

1
0
1
0
4

92
91
92
93
84

1
0
(0
0
6

2
3
3
0
0

3
3
2
7
4

0)

3
0
0

0)

1
0
2
0
3

Iron and steel..................................................................
Forgings, steel and iron..........................................
Foundries, iron........................................................
Heating equipment..................................... ...........
Iron and steel...........................................................
Stamped and pressed metal products...................
Tin cans and other tinw are...................................
Not elsewhere classified....................... .................

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

2
2
1
2
3
1
0
4

84
88
77
77
79
95
99
83

2
0
2
7
4
0
0
4

5
5
10
7
7
1
0
2

4
5
8
7
4
1
1
5

0)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
0
2
0
3
2
0
2

Leather and leather products....... ...............................

100

7

82

3

5

1

0

2

Lumber and timber basic products..............................
Logging.....................................................................
Sawmills...................................................................

100
100
100

2
5
1

77
52

7
8

5
17
3

6
10
7

8
14
9

0
0
0

2
2
2

Machinery, except electric.............................................
Agricultural machinery and tractors.....................
Construction and mining machinery....................
Engines and turbines..............................................
General industrial machinery, not elsewhere
classified........................................ .......................
General machine shops (jobbing and repair)---Metalworking machinery.......................................

100
100
100
100

1
0
0
0

84
88
71
87

1
2
5
1

5
4
10
8

6
6
12
3

0
0
0

3
0
2
1

100
100
100

1
2
0

80
86
76

0
0
4

3
5
7

6
5
9

0
0
2

10
2
2

Nonferrous metals and their products..........................
Aluminum and magnesium products................

100
100

3
5

73
56

3
3

2
3

6
3

0
0

13
30

Ordnance and accessories...............................................
Ammunition, except for small a rm s -...................
Guns and related equipment.................................

100
100
100

2
0
3

87
88
88

2
2
3

3
4
4

2
2
2

0
0
0

4
4
0

See footnote at end of table.




0)

0

6

22
T able D .—Distribution of A ll Reported Injuries Resulting in Permanent Partial
Disability, According to P art of Body Affected, by Industry, 1945—C ontinued
Percent of permanent partial disability cases
involving the loss, or loss of use of—
Industry

Total

A
A
An hand A leg foot
or
arm fin­
or
toes
gers

An
eye

One
or
both Other
ears
(hear­
ing)

Manufacturing—Continued
Paper and allied products.............................................
Paper boxes and containers...................................

100
100

2
2

90
89

2
5

2
0

2
2

1
0

1
2

Printing and publishing................................................
Book and job printing........................ ....................
News and periodical................................................

100
100
100

4
4
5

85
77
93

1
1
0

7
12
0

2
3
2

0
0
0

1
3
0

Rubber products............................................................

100

5

70

1

13

2

0

9

Stone, clay, and glass products........_ ..........................
Glass................................. ........................................

100
100

5
5

76
75

2
2

3
4

3
7

0
0

8
7

Textile and textile-mill products..................................
Cotton yam and textiles.........................................
Dyeing and finishing textiles.................................
Woolen and worsted textiles..................................

100
100
100
100

6
4
11
11

79
84
58
84

3
3
3
0

3
2
2
3

2
2
3
0

1
1
2
0

6
4
21
2

Transportation equipm ent...... .....................................
Aircraft....................................................................
Boatbuilding............................................................
Motor vehicles.........................................................
Motor-vehicle parts.................................................
. Railroad equipment................................................
Shipbuilding............................................................

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

4
4
6
1
0
3
2

65
69
59
84
73
74
64

3
4
4
1
0
0
4

13
11
15
7
0
6
16

5
3
4
5
20
4
7

Miscellaneous manufacturing.......................................
Tobacco products....................................................
Miscellaneous manufacturing................................

100
100
100

2
7
0

87
88
86

1
0
2

4
5
3

Nonmanufacturing
Constmction...................................................................
Building constm ction............................................
Heavy engineering constmction............................

100
100
100

8
8
0

56
57
57

9
11
5

Transportation.......................... ....................................
Stevedoring................................... ................ ..........
Rapid transit—overhead and underground..........
Bus......................................................................... .
Streetcar and bus.....................................................

100
100
100
100
100

6
6
7
9
0

34
28
35
57
45

Heat, light, and power..................................................
Electric light and power.........................................
Gas............................................................................

100
100
100

7
7
7

52
53
47

0
0
0
0
4

9
9
12
2
7
13
3

4
0
7

0
0
0

2
0
2

12
13
14

11
9
12

2
0
7

2
2
5

10
13
7
4
16

25
25
28
13
19

2
1
0)
4
10

(0
0
0
0
3

23
27
23
13
7

10
11
11

18
16
25

4
2
5

0
0
0

9
11
5

0)
0)

Personal services............................................................

100

4

76

7

9

2

0

2

Business services............................................................

100

10

53

11

10

10

0

6

Trade...............................................................................

100

2

78

6

2

5

0

7

Less than half of 1 percent.




23
Table E .— Indexes oj Injury •Frequency Rates in Manufacturing, 1926-45, by Extent
of L>isabilily1
[1926=100]
Year

All injuries

Death and
permanent
total

Permanent
partial

1926..........................................................................
1927..........................................................................
1928.........................................................................
1929.........................................................................
1930.........................................................................
1931.........................................................................

100.0
93.6
93.2
99.2
95.5
78.0

107.1
107.1
92.9
107.1
92.9

96.3
104.6
109.2

1932.........................................................................
1933.........................................................................
1934.........................................................................
1935..........................................................................
1936............................................................... .........
1937..........................................................................

80.9
91.8
93.6

113.8

88.1
85.7
85.8

107.1
85.7
107.1
92.9
85.7
85.7

110.1
128.4
121.1
114.7
122.0

1938.......................................................................
1939.........................................................................
1940......................................................................
1941........................ ................................................
1942..........................................................................
1943.........................................................................
1944...................................................................... 1
1945..........................................................................

71.7
73.4
75.3
85.8
93.5
94.4
88.3
81.9

71.4
71.4
71.4
80.3
70.7
70.7
62.8
62.8

Temporary
total

78.9
80.7
84.8
93.7
83.4
83.4
75.4
72.3

100.0

100.0

111.0
102.8

100.0
93.3
92.5
98.7
94.6
76.5
78.9
90.8
91.6

86.2

84.1
83.7

68.1

73.9
75.6
86.3
94.1
95.0
89.7
83.0

i Beginning with 1937, the indexes are based on the percent of change of the frequency rates of identical
establishments in each pair of successive years.




U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1947