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Industry
Wage Survey

Zl"

)

1^3

Wood Household Furniture,
Except Upholstered
October 1971
Bulletin 1793
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

1973




Dayton & Montgomery Co.
Public L

AUG 171973
docum ent

COLLECTION

Industry
Wage Survey

Wood Household Furniture,
Except Upholstered
October 1971
Bulletin 1793
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner
1973

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P reface
This bulletin summarizes the results of a Bureau of Labor Statistics survey of wages
and related benefits in the wood household furniture, except upholstered, manu­
facturing industry in October 1971. A similar survey was conducted in October 1968
(BLS Bulletin 1651).
Separate releases were issued earlier for Chicago, EH.; Evansville, Ind.-Ky.; Gardner,
Mass.; Grand Rapids, Mich.; Hickory-Statesville, N.C.; Jamestown, N.Y.; Los AngelesLong Beach and Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif.; Louisville, Ky.-Ind.;
Martinsville, Va.; Miami and Ft. Lauderdale-Hollywood, Fla.; Winston-Salem-High Point,
N.C.; and the States of Arkansas, Indiana, and Tennessee. Copies of these releases are
available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C. 20212, or any of its
regional offices.
This study was conducted in the Bureau’s Office of Wages and Industrial Relations.
Dale P. Granata of the Division of Occupational Wage Structures prepared the analysis
in this bulletin. Field work for the survey was directed by the Assistant Regional
Directors for Operations.
Other reports available from the Bureau’s program of industry wage studies, as well
as the addresses of the Bureau’s regional offices, are listed at the end of this bulletin.




iii




C o n te n ts
Page

Summary ................................................................................................................................
Industry characteristics..........................................................................................................
Products ........................................................................................................................
L o ca tio n .......................................................................................................................
U nionization.................................................................................................................
Method of wage payment ...........................................................................................
Average hourly earnings........................................................................................................
Occupational earnings.............................................................................................................
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions ...........................................
Scheduled weekly hours and shift provisions............................................................
Paid holidays.................................................................................................................
Paid vacations...............................................................................................................
Health, insurance, and retirement p lans.....................................................................
Other selected benefits ...............................................................................................

1
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
4
4
5
5
5
5

Tables:
Average hourly earnings:
1. By selected characteristics ......................................................................

7

Earnings distribution:
2. All production w orkers............................................................................

8

Occupational averages:
3. All establishments....................................................................................
4. By size of com m unity..............................................................................
5. By size of establishm ent.........................................................................
6. By labor-management contract coverage...............................................
7. By labor-management contract coverage and size of community. . . .
8. By labor-management contract coverage and size of establishment. . .
9. By method of wage payment .................................................................

9
11
12
13
13
15
16

Occupational earnings:
10. A rkansas....................................................................................................
11. Chicago, 111..................................................................................................
12. Evansville, Ind.-Ky....................................................................................
13. Gardner, Mass............................................................................................
14. Grand Rapids, Mich...................................................................................
15. Hickory-Statesville,N.C...........................................................................
16. In d ian a......................................................................................................
17. Jamestown, N.Y. .....................................................................................
18. Los Angeles-Long Beach and Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, . . .
Calif..................................................................................................
19. Louisville, K y .-In d ..................................................................................




v

17
19
21
22
24
26
28
31
33
34

C o n te n ts — C o n tin u e d
Page

Tables—
Continued
20. Martinsville, Va..........................................................................................
21. Miami and Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood, Fla...........................................
22. Tennessee.................................................................................................
23. Winston-Salem-High Point, N.C.............................................................

36
37
38
41

Earnings relationships :
24. Selected regions and localities.................................................................

43

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
25. Method of wage p ay m e n t.......................................................................
26. Scheduled weekly h o u r s .........................................................................
27. Shift differential provisions ...................................................................
28. Paid holidays ...........................................................................................
29. Paid vacations...........................................................................................
30. Health, insurance, and retirement plans ...............................................
31. Other selected b en e fits...........................................................................

44
45
46
47
48
50
50

Appendixes:
A.
Scope and method of survey ...........................................................................
B.
Occupational descriptions ................................................................................

51
55




W o o d H ou sehold Furniture (Except Upholstered), O c to b e r 1971
Summary

bedroom furniture. Less than one-fifth of the workers
were in plants manufacturing primarily dining room and
kitchen furniture (except kitchen cabinets). Most of the
remaining workers were distributed about equally among
plants making radio, television, and phonograph
cabinets; other living room, library, and hall furniture; or
kitchen cabinets.
Establishments making more than one type of furni­
ture employed slightly over one-half of the industry’s
production workers. Bedroom furniture and dining room
and kitchen furniture (except kitchen cabinets)
frequently were made in the same establishments.

Straight-time earnings of production and related
workers in the wood household furniture (except
upholstered) manufacturing industry averaged $2.40 an
hour in October 1971.1 Men, three-fourths of the
127,232 workers covered by the BLS survey, averaged
$2.47 an hour; women averaged $2.18. More than
nine-tenths of the workers earned between $1.60 and
$3.50 an hour. Earnings of the middle half of the
workers were between $1.99 and $2.69.
Regionally, earnings averaged from $2.11 in the
Border States and $2.12 in the Southwest to $3.06 in
the Pacific region. Workers in the Southeast, numerically
the largest group, averaged $2.19. The earnings of workers
in 11 areas and 3 States important to the industry also
were surveyed separately.2
Nationwide and among regions, earnings levels varied
by size of community, size of establishment, labor-man­
agement contract coverage, occupation, and by type of
furniture manufactured.
Among the production occupations tabulated
separately, average hourly earnings ranged from $2.08
for planer operators who do not set up their own
machines to $2.97 for plastic top installers. Furniture
assemblers (except chairs), numerically the largest
occupation studied, averaged $2.47. Their earnings levels
varied by type of assembly.
Paid holidays and paid vacations after qualifying
periods of service were provided for at least nine-tenths
of the industry’s production workers. Typical vacation
provisions were 1 week of vacation pay after 1 year of
service and 2 weeks after 5 years. Life, hospitalization,
surgical and medical insurance, paid for at least in part
by the employer, applied to a large majority of the
workers. Retirement pension plans (other than social
security) were available to three-fifths of the workers.

Location. The Southeast, by far the largest region in
terms of employment, contained nearly two-fifths of the
production workers. Another one-sixth of the workers
were in the Great Lakes region and one-eighth in the
Border States. None of the other regions had as much as
one-tenth of the industry’s work force.
The types of furniture manufactured varied in
incidence among the regions. Bedroom furniture was the
principal product of establishments employing about
one-half of the workers in the Southeast and Southwest
and two-thirds in the Border States. Slightly less than
one-half of the employees in the Middle Atlantic region
were in plants chiefly producing kitchen cabinets; in the
Great Lakes region, a majority of the workers were
employed by factories engaged primarily in making
living room furniture (including radio, television, and
phonograph cabinets).
Establishments located outside metropolitan areas4
employed slightly more than three-fifths of the
industry’s work force. Proportions of workers in smaller
communities amounted to seven-eighths in New England,

1 See appendix A for scope and method of survey. Earnings
data in this bulletin exclude premium pay for overtime and for
work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 For definitions of regions, see appendix A, table A-l,
footnote 1; for definitions of areas, see footnote 1, tables 11-15,
17-21, and 23.

Industry characteristics

Products. The survey covered establishments employing
20 workers or more and engaged primarily in manu­
facturing nonupholstered wood household furniture.3
Nearly two-fifths of the 127,232 production workers
were employed in establishments chiefly producing




3 Smaller establishments are estimated to employ about 7
percent of the industry’s work force.
4 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget through January 1968.
1

Text table 1. Percent of workers in establishments

about four-fifths in both the Border States and the
Southeast, one-half in the Great Lakes region, and from
two-fifths to about one-fifth in the remaining regions.

operating under labor-management agreements,
by selected characteristics

Among the 11 areas of industry concentration
surveyed separately, the largest number of workers were
in Hickory-Statesville, N.C. (11,385), Winston-SalemHigh Point, N.C. (8,192), and Martinsville, Va. (8,104).
The first two areas, together, accounted for two-fifths of
all workers in the Southeast region, and Martinsville,
Va., contained slightly over two-fifths of the workers in
the Border States. The smallest employment among the
11 areas were recorded in Jamestown, N.Y., Miami and
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood, Fla., and Evansville,
Ind.-Ky., each with about 1,100 workers.
The three States studied separately contained major
portions of the industry’s labor force in their respective
regions. Tennessee (7,869 workers) accounted for onesixth of the employment in the Southeast, Indiana
(10,566) for one-half in the Great Lakes region, and
Arkansas (6,163) for two-thirds in the Southwest.

Plant location

Region

Metro­
politan
areas

N on­
metro
pol ltan
areas

20-249
workers

250
workers
or more

United States................

40-44

25-29

40-44

25-29

Middle Atlantic . . .

65-69
15-19
25-29
35-39

65-69
15-19
15-19
65-69

65-69
25-29
10-14
50-54

55-59
15-19
20-24
55-59

Border States.........
S o u th e a st..............
Great Lakes .........

1968.6 This increase equaled the rise in the BLS
Consumer Price Index over the same period, but fell
below the 20 percent increase in average hourly earnings
recorded for workers in all durable goods manu­
facturing.7 The rise in average earnings in wood house­
hold furniture manufacturing was highest in the Great
Lakes (21 percent) and lowest in the Pacific region (8
percent). In the remaining regions, the advances ranged
between 14 and 17 percent.
Workers in the Southeast averaged $2.19 an hour in
October 1971, slightly more than those in the Border
States ($2.11) and Southwest ($2.12). Averages in the
remaining regions were $2.53 in New England, $2.71 in

U n io n iza tio n . E stablishm ents that had labormanagement contracts covering a majority of their
production workers employed approximately one-third
of the work force. The proportions amounted to
one-sixth in the Border States; about one-fifth in the
Southeast; two-fifths in New England and the South­
west; slightly over one-half in the Great Lakes region;
three-fifths in the Pacific region; and two-thirds in the
Middle Atlantic States. Text table 1 illustrates the extent
of labor-management contract coverage by size of
establishment and size of community within the major
regions.
The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of
America and the United Furniture Workers of America
(both AFL-CIO) were the major unions in the industry.

5The straight-time average hourly earnings in this bulletin
differ in concept from the gross average hourly earnings
published in the Bureau’s monthly hours and earnings series
($2.60 in October 1971). Unlike the latter, the estimates
presented here exclude premium pay for overtime and for work
on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Average earnings were
calculated by summing individual hourly earnings and dividing
by the number of individuals; in the monthly series, the sum of
the man-hour totals reported by establishments in the industry
was divided into the reported payroll totals. Neither the October
1971 wage survey nor the Bureau’s monthly series included
retroactive adjustments for wage increases scheduled to become
effective during the 90-day wage-price-rent freeze which ended
November 14,1971.
The estimate of the number of production workers within
scope of the study is intended only as a general guide to the size
and composition of the labor force included in the survey. It
differs from that published in the monthly series (150,600 in
October 1971) by the exclusion of establishments employing
fewer than 20 workers. The advance planning necessary to make
the survey required the use of lists of establishments assembled
considerably in advance of data collection. Thus, establishments
new to the industry are omitted, as are establishments originally
classified as wood household furniture establishments, but found
to be in other industries at the time of the survey.
6 See Industry Wage Survey: Wood Household Furniture,
Except Upholstered, October 1968, Bulletin 1651 (Bureau of
Labor Statistics, 1970).
7 Based on the Bureau’s Hourly Earnings Index.

Method o f wage payment. Slightly over four-fifths of the
production workers were paid time rates. This group was
divided about evenly between workers paid under formal
plans having established rates for specified jobs and
those paid according to their individual qualifications
(table 25). The largest proportion of workers under
incentive wage systems (about two-fifths) was found in
both the Southwest and Great Lakes regions.
Average hourly earnings

Straight-time earnings of the 127,232 production and
related workers covered by the survey averaged $2.40 an
hour in October 1971 (table l).5 This rate was 16
percent higher than the average of $2.07 recorded in a
similar survey conducted by the Bureau in October




Plant employment

2

by each region. For example, the three regions which
had the highest averages employed two-thirds of all
workers in plants primarily manufacturing kitchen
cabinets, but employed slightly less than one-sixth of the
bedroom furniture workers.
In considering the wage differences noted above and
in the following discussion of occupational earnings, it
must be emphasized that this study did not isolate the
influence of each factor (e.g., community size, establish­
ment size, labor-management contract coverage) as a
determinant of wages. The interrelationship of some of
these factors, however, is pointed out in the discussion
of industry characteristics.
Men, as a group, averaged $2.47 an hour and women
$2.18. This general relationship also was found in each
of the selected regions; differences ranged from 14 cents
in the Southwest to 40 cents in New England.
Differences in average pay levels for men and women
may be the result of several factors, including variation
in the distribution of the sexes among establishments
and also among jobs with different pay levels.
Differences in averages for men and women in the same
job and area may reflect minor differences in duties. Job
descriptions used in classifying workers in wage surveys
usually are more generalized than those used in
individual establishments, because allowance must be
made for minor differences among establishments in
specific duties performed.
Earnings of all but 6 percent of the production
workers were within a range of $1.60 to $3.50 an hour;
the middle half earned between $1.99 and $2.69
(table 2). As indicated in the following tabulation, the
percent of workers earning less than specified amounts
varied widely by region:

the Great Lakes, $2.76 in the Middle Atlantic States,
and $3.06 in the Pacific region.
Workers in metropolitan areas averaged $2.61 an
hour— cents more than those in smaller communities.
33
A similar relationship held in the New England, Border
States, Great Lakes, Southeast and Pacific regions, with
the differentials ranging from 44 cents to 12-cents-anhour. In the Middle Atlantic and the Southwest,
however, the wage advantage was in favor of workers in
nonmetropolitan areas and averaged 17 cents and 8
cents, respectively.
Among the States and areas of industry concentration
studied separately, average hourly earnings ranged from
$3.65 in Louisville, Ky.-Ind., to $2.06 in Tennessee and
$2.03 in Martinsville, Va. (tables 10-23). In HickoryStatesville and Winston-Salem—
High Point, N.C., the two
largest furniture centers, workers averaged $2.27 and
$2.28, respectively.
Nationwide, workers in establishments employing
20-249 workers averaged $2.53 an hour compared with
$2.30 for those in larger establishments. The lower
average for larger establishments reflects a dispropor­
tionate concentration of workers in these plants in the
three regions having the lowest average wage rate. Nearly
four-fifths of the workers in establishments employing
250 workers or more were in the Southeast, Southwest,
and Border States. In contrast, a little over one-third of
the workers in smaller establishments were in these
regions. Among the two establishment size groups,
workers in larger factories had an average wage
advantage of 59 cents an hour in the Middle Atlantic, 17
cents in the Pacific, and 14 cents or less in the
Southwest, Southeast, and New England. In the Great
Lakes region, there was no difference but in the Border
States, workers in the smaller factories had a 20-cent
advantage.
Workers in establishments that had labor-management
agreements covering a majority of their production
workers averaged more than those in nonunion establish­
ments. This general relationship existed in all regions,
except the Southwest, but the differential was not very
pronounced in the Middle Atlantic States (8 cents) or in
the Sbutheast (2 cents).
Based on the principal type of wood furniture
manufactured, wage levels ranged from $3.05 an hour in
plants making kitchen cabinets to $2.22 in bedroom
furniture plants. In other establishments, earnings
averaged $2.31 for dining room and kitchen furniture
(except cabinets); $2.40 for living room, library, and hall
furniture (except radio, television, and phonograph
cabinets), and $2.46 for radio, television, and phono­
graph cabinets.
The differences in average earnings by product line
reflect, in part, the proportions of workers contributed




Under
$1.80
United S ta te s ...........
Men .......................
W o m e n ..................
New E n g la n d ...........
Middle Atlantic . . . .
Border S ta te s...........
Southeast..................
S o u th w e st................
Great L a k e s ..............
P a c if ic .......................

Under
$2.00

Under
$2.20

Under
$2.40

26
1
14

22

45
40
62

60
55
77

34

20

47
32
85
74
76
37

16

22

3
2
12
11
20

3
3

41
17
9
44
33
46
9
7

21

69
58
61

Occupational earnings

Twenty-seven occupations, accounting for approxi­
mately one-half of the work force, were selected to
represent the various skills and wage levels of production
workers in the industry (table 3).8
8 Data were obtained for five office occupations also and are
presented in table 3.

3

Text table 2. Hourly earnings distribution in selected

Nationwide averages for these jobs ranged from $2.08
for planer operators who do not set up their own
machines to $2.97 for plastic-top installers. Furniture
assemblers (except chairs), accounting for 12 percent of
the work force, averaged $2.47 an hour. Their earnings
levels varied by type of assembly: $2.59 for complete
furniture pieces (case goods), $2.41 for complete furni­
ture pieces (other than case goods), and $2.34 for
subassemblies. Furniture sanders, hand and m achineeach accounting for about 6 percent of the production
workers—
averaged $2.20 and $2.41, respectively.
Table 24 presents regional and locality wage levels for
men in selected occupations as a percent of the
nationwide average for all men production workers
($2.47). For most of the jobs shown, regional averages
usually exceeded the nationwide average by 5 to 20
percent in New England, 5 to 25 percent in the Middle
Atlantic and Great Lakes States, and 20 to 40 percent in
the Pacific region. Averages in the Southern regions and
the Border States were typically below the nationwide
level. Occupational averages also varied considerably
among the areas selected for separate study, even within
the same region.
In most regions where comparisons were possible,
occupational averages were usually higher in metro­
politan than nonmetropolitan areas (table 4); in
establishments employing 250 workers or more than in
smaller establishments (table 5); and in union than in
nonunion establishments (table 6). When comparisons,
however, were limited to the same establishment size
group and same community size, the pattern between
union and nonunion averages was mixed (tables 7
and 8). For example, in Southeastern factories having
20-249 employees, occupational wage levels in union
establishments nearly always exceeded those in
nonunion establishments, typically by 5 to 25 percent.
In establishments having 250 employees or more, this
relationship was reversed. Also, in metropolitan areas of
the Southeast, union plants had the wage advantage for
8 of the 10 occupations permitting comparison, but in
nonmetropolitan areas, the averages in favor of union
establishments dropped to 1 out of 12.
As indicated in table 9, incentive workers typically
had higher average earnings than time rated workers in
the same occupation. To illustrate, the average wage
advantage of men incentive workers in the Great Lakes
region ranged from about 10 to 25 percent in 11 out of
12 occupational comparisons.
Earnings of individuals performing similar tasks varied
considerably within the same area (tables 10-23). Earn­
ings of the highest paid workers frequently exceeded
those of the lowest paid workers in the same job and
area by as much as $1 an hour. Thus, some workers in




occupations, Hickory-Statesville, N.C.

Earnings

$1.60
$1.80
$2.00
$2.20
$2.40
$2.60
$2.80

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Assemblers, complete
furniture pieces,
case goods
(men)
_

Sanders
furniture,
hand
(women)

under $1.80 . .
under $2.00 . .
under $2.20 . .
under $2.40 . .
under $2.60 . .
under $2.80 . .
o v e r ................

09
36
85
135
113
43

Total workers . . .

421

542

Average hourly earnings .

$2.48

$1.95

50
270
169
38
15

_
-

comparatively low-paid jobs (as measured by the average
for all workers) earned as much or more than some
workers in jobs for which significantly higher averages
were recorded. Text table 2 illustrates the overlap in
individual earnings in Hickory-Statesville, N.C., for men
furniture assemblers and women hand sanders, despite a
53-cent-an-hour difference in the averages for the two
jobs.
Establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions

Data also were obtained on certain establishment
practices, including shift differentials for production
workers, and work schedules, and selected supple­
mentary benefits, such as paid holidays and paid
vacations, and various health, insurance, and retirement
plans for both production workers and office workers.
Scheduled weekly hours and shift provisions. Weekly
work schedules of 40 hours were in effect in establish­
ments employing seven-tenths of the production workers
in October 1971 (table 26). Similar schedules prevailed
in all regions, except New England and the Border
States, where slightly less than two-thirds and one-half
of the workers, respectively, had schedules exceeding 40
hours. For officeworkers, 40-hour schedules were pre­
dominant in each region. Shorter schedules were found
most frequently in the Middle Atlantic States where they
applied to about one-sixth of the officeworkers.
Pay provisions for second shift work were reported
by plants accounting for slightly more than one-half of
the production workers; for third or other late shifts, the
proportion was one-fifth (table 27). Less than 5 percent
of the production workers, however, were actually
employed on late shifts at the time of the survey.
4

Paid holidays. Establishments providing paid holidays
employed nine-tenths of the production workers and
nearly all of the office workers (table 28). The propor­
tions of production workers receiving paid holidays were
three-fourths in the Border States, seven-eighths in the
Southeast, and nine-tenths or more in the other regions.
Holiday provisions for production workers typically
allowed for 6 to 8 days annually in most regions; in the
Southeast and Border States, 3 to 6 days were pre­
dominant and in the Middle Atlantic, 8 to 11 days.
Officeworkers usually were covered by similar provisions
in most regions.

insurance to seven-tenths, and basic medical insurance to
four-fifths.
Regionally, the proportions of production workers in
establishments providing such benefits as sickness and
accident insurance and major medical insurance varied
substantially. For example, nearly all of the production
employees in the Southwest and the Pacific region were
in establishments providing major medical insurance, in
contrast to one-third of the workers in the Middle
Atlantic States.
Retirement pension plans, in addition to Federal
social security, were provided for three-fifths of the
production workers. The proportions of employees
covered by pension benefits ranged from slightly over
two-fifths in the Southwest to four-fifths in the Border
States. Retirement severance pay was rarely found in the
industry.
The proportions of officeworkers provided various
health, insurance, and retirement benefits were generally
similar to those for production workers. A notable
exception to this was paid sick leave which applied to 34
percent of the office personnel but to only 5 percent of
the production workers. Sickness and accident insur­
ance, on the other hand, was more commonly available
to production workers than to officeworkers.

Paid vacations. Paid vacations, after qualifying periods of
service, were provided by establishments employing
nearly all of the industry’s production workers and
officeworkers (table 29). Typical provisions for produc­
tion workers were 1 week of vacation pay after 1 year of
service and 2 weeks after 5 years. Provisions for at least
3 weeks’ pay, most frequently recorded in the Middle
Atlantic, Great Lakes, and Pacific regions, applied to
nearly three-tenths of the workers after 10 years and to
slightly more than two-fifths after longer periods of
service. Officeworkers typically were provided 1 week of
vacation after 1 year of service and 2 weeks after 3
years; the incidence of 3-week vacation plans was similar
to that reported for production workers.

Other selected benefits. Funeral leave pay was available
to one-fourth of the production workers and one-third
of the officeworkers; provisions for jury duty pay
applied to two-fifths of the workers in both groups
(table 31). Coverage by these benefits varied widely by
region; for example, jury duty pay was provided to
about one-fifth of the production workers in the
Southwest and Pacific States, compared with slightly
more than three-fifths in the Border States.
Plans for technological severance pay were virtually
nonexistent in the industry.

Health, insurance, and retirement plans. Life, hospitali­
zation, and surgical insurance plans for which employers
paid at least part of the cost were available to over
nine-tenths of the production workers (table 30).
Accidental death and dismemberment insurance and
sickness and accident insurance applied to slightly over
three-fifths of the production employees, major medical




5




T a b le 1. A ve ra g e hourly earnings: B y selected characteristics
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 1 of p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s in wood h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s
b y s e le c te d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g io n s , O c to b e r 1971)
U n ited States 1
2

New E.n g la n d

I te m

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N u m b er
of
w o rk ers

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s _______ ________________
M e n ___ _
_
W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------------

1 2 7 ,2 3 2
9 7 ,2 0 6
3 0 ,0 2 6

$2.40
2.47
2.18

5 ,9 8 5
4 ,6 4 7
1, 338

S iz e of c o m m u n ity :
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s 3 --------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s -----------------------------------

4 8 ,4 2 0
7 8 ,8 1 2

2.61
2.28

S iz e of e s ta b l is h m e n t :
20—
249 w o r k e r s _______________________________
250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e _________________________

5 6 ,5 8 6
7 0 ,6 4 6

L a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c ts :
E s t a b l i s h m e n ts w ith —
M a jo r it y of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d _____________
N one o r m in o r it y of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d ------P r in c i p a l ty p e of f u r n i tu r e m a n u f a c tu r e d : 4
R a d io , t e l e v is i o n , a n d p h o n o g ra p h
w ood c a b i n e t s -------------------------------- ------------L iv in g r o o m , l i b r a r y , a n d h a ll w ood
f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t r a d i o , t e l e v is i o n ,
a n d p h o n o g ra p h c a b i n e t s ) ----------------------------D in in g r o o m a n d k itc h e n w ood f u r n i tu r e
( e x c e p t c a b i n e t s ) ------------------------------------------K itc h e n w ood c a b i n e t s ------------------------------------B e d r o o m w ood f u r n i t u r e _____________________

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

G re a t L akes
N um ber A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 2 .53
2.62
2.22

1 1 ,3 2 5
9, 620
1, 705

$ 2 .76
2.81
2.4 7

1 8 ,2 0 8
1 3 ,5 0 8
4 , 700

$2.11
2 .1 8
1.92

4 8 ,2 7 9
3 7 ,8 0 0
10, 479

$ 2 .19
2 .2 3
2.02

9 ,4 3 3
6, 113
3, 320

$2.12
2.17
2.03

2 2 ,1 9 9
1 5 ,1 5 7
7 ,0 4 2

961
5, 024

2.90
2.46

7 ,4 1 0
3 ,9 1 5

2.7 0
2.87

3, 752
1 4 ,4 5 6

2 .3 8
2 .0 4

1 0 ,7 6 6
3 7 ,5 1 3

2.31
2.15

5 ,5 9 6
3, 837

2.09
2.17

2.53
2.30

4 ,6 4 1
1, 344

2.51
2.60

9 ,5 0 5
1 ,8 2 0

2 .6 7
3.26

3, 294
1 4 ,9 1 4

2.2 8
2.08

13, 732
3 4 ,5 4 7

2 .1 3
2.21

2, 874
6, 559

4 4 ,0 4 2
8 3 ,1 9 0

2.68
2.26

2, 347
3 ,6 3 8

2.70
2.43

7 ,5 3 6
3 ,7 8 9

2.79
2.71

3 ,0 2 9
1 5 ,1 7 9

2.41
2.05

8, 788
3 9 ,4 9 1

2.20
2.18

3, 560
5, 873

1 3 ,1 3 4

2.46

477

2.60

1 ,0 7 7

3.19

644

2.10

4 ,2 5 9

2.20

_

N um ber A v erag e N um ber
of
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

P a c if ic
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u rly
e a rn in g s

$2.71
2.81
2.49

9 ,9 7 6
9, 111
865

$3.06
3.08
2.86

9 ,9 5 8
1 2,241

2 .8 4
2.61

8 ,2 7 3
1 ,7 0 3

3.08
2.96

2.02
2.16

1 2 ,9 0 7
9 ,2 9 2

2.71
2.71

8, 188
1,7 8 8

3.03
3.20

2.11
2.12

1 1 ,7 2 0
1 0 ,4 7 9

2.83
2.58

5 ,8 4 4
4, 132

3.40
2.59

_

6, 308

2.49

369

3.03

1 6 ,9 4 3

2.40

917

2.39

519

3.0 4

2 ,4 3 3

2.11

3 ,5 0 9

2.03

1 ,6 6 6

2.22

6, 006

2.63

1 ,8 9 3

2.71

2 2 ,1 7 8
1 6 ,7 8 7
4 9 ,5 7 2

2.31
3.05
2.22

2, 206

2.62

1 ,5 4 0
5, 266
1 ,8 3 5

2.56
2.89
2.5 0

910
1 ,8 3 1
1 1 ,4 7 5

2.01
2.51
2.0 4

1 2 ,5 0 4
2, 465
2 4 ,7 1 8

2.19
2.56
2.16

1, 228

2.07

2 ,8 8 1
3 ,6 5 1
1 ,6 2 3

2.48
3.48
2 .83

909
2, 123
4, 029

2.85
3.95
2.85

-

1,4 1 2

-

2.37

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h if ts .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o se show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a s a s d e fin e d b y th e U .S. O ffice of M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1968.
4 E s t a b l i s h m e n ts w e r e c l a s s i f i e d a c c o r d in g to p r in c ip a l ty p e of f u r n i tu r e m a n u f a c tu r e d .
T he p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r to ta l a b o v e
th a n th e ty p e s of f u r n i tu r e l i s t e d s e p a r a te l y .
NO TE: D a s h e s in d ic a te no data r e p o r te d or data that do not m ee t pub lication c r it e r ia .




S o u th w e st
N um ber A v erag e
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

_

4 ,4 8 0

_

1.99

in c lu d e s d a ta f o r e s ta b l is h m e n t s w h o s e p r in c ip a l p ro d u c t w a s o th e r

T a b le 2. Earnings distribution: A ll production workers
( P e r c e n t d istr ib u tio n of p ro d u ctio n w o r k e r s in w ood h o u se h o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lster e d , m anufacturing e s ta b lish m e n ts by s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,1
U n ited S ta te s and s e le c te d r e g io n s , O cto b er 1971)
U n ite d S ta te s 2
H o u r ly e a r n in g s 1
T o ta l

M en

W om en

N ew
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

S o u th w e st

G re a t
L akes

P a c if ic

U nder
$ 1.60
$ 1.65
$ 1 .7 0

$ 1.60_____________________________________
a n d u n d e r $ 1.65 _ ____ — —
------------------__________
a n d u n d e r $ 1 .7 0 __ ________
a n d u n d e r $ 1 .7 5 _____ ______ __________

(3 )
1.6
.9
3 .0

(3 )
1.6
.7
2.3

(3 )
1.6
1.4
5.2

0 .4
.1
1.3

0.6
.5

0.9
.9
3 .9

(3 )
2.6
1.3
3.8

5.6
1.5
6.1

0.3
.1
2.3

0.1
1.3
.5

$
$
$
$
$

1.75
1.80
1.85
1.90
1.95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

1.80_____ __________________ _
1.85
______ _______________
1 .9 0 - ------------------- __ -------1 .9 5 ---------------------------------- —
2 .0 0 ---------------------------------------

3 .3
4 .4
3 .9
5 .2
3 .8

2 .4
3.4
3.1
4 .7
3 .4

6.2
7.6
6.6
7.0
4 .9

.8
4 .0
1.8
6.1
2.1

.8
1.2
2 .8
1.6
1.9

6 .6
8.3
8 .4
8.2
6 .4

3.6
4 .6
4 .3
7.1
5.6

7.3
11.3
6 .7
4 .9
2.5

.6
1.2
.8
2.4
1.2

1.3
1.6
.7
.9
.5

$
$
$
$
$

2 .0 0
2 .1 0
2 .2 0
2 .3 0
2 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2 ,1 0 ------------- —----------------------2 .2 0 -------------- ------------ — —
2 .3 0 ------ ---------------------------2 .4 0 --------- —--------------------------2 .5 0 — -----------------------------------

10.1
8 .7
8.1
6 .9
5 .7

9 .7
8.3
8.2
6 .9
6.3

11.4
10.1
7.9
7.0
3.8

9 .2
7.8
7.2
6 .0
6.3

5.9
5.3
6 .0
5.2
4 .5

13.6
12.2
9 .1
6 .6
4 .4

13.8
10.8
9 .7
7.1
6 .4

7.6
7.3
6.9
7.9
5.8

4 .4
6.9
7.7
8.9
6.7

6.3
2.5
4 .2
2.2
3.1

$
$
$
$
$

2 .5 0
2 .6 0
2 .7 0
2 .8 0
2 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2 .6 0 ------ ---- ------------------- 2 .7 0 ----------------------- ------------2 .8 0 --------------------------------------2 .9 0 --------------------------------------3 .0 0 ---------------------------------------

5.3
4 .5
4 .0
3 .3
2 .6

6 .0
4 .9
4 .3
3.6
2 .9

3.1
3.2
2 .8
2.5
1.9

7 .7
5.1
5 .4
5.2
3.6

6 .2
9 .0
6 .0
5.1
5.3

3 .0
1.5
1.3
.7
.7

5 .7
3 .7
2.6
1.9
1.4

5 .8
4 .5
3 .4
1.3
.8

5.9
6 .0
7.5
7.4
5.2

3.9
4 .2
5.5
4 .4
4 .8

$
$
$
$
$

3 .0 0
3 .1 0
3 .2 0
3 .3 0
3 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

3 .1 0 --------------------------------------3 .2 0 --------------------------------------3 .3 0 -------------- -----------------------3 .4 0 --------------------------------------3 .5 0 ---------------------------------------

2 .6
1.8
1.7
1.3
1.4

2.9
2.1
2.1
1.6
1.6

1.4
.8
.6
.4
.5

3 .8
2.9
1.9
1.3
2.1

5 .2
3 .7
2 .9
3 .4
3 .0

.8
.3
.2
.2
.2

1.2
.8
.5
.6
.3

.8
.6
.6
.2
.2

5.1
3.3
3.7
1.4
1.4

4 .5
4 .6
5.9
5.4
7.9

$
$
$
$
$

3 .5 0
3 .6 0
3 .7 0
3 .8 0
3 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

3 .6 0 --------------------------------------3 .7 0 --------------------------------------3 .8 0 ---------------------—---------------3 .9 0 ------------- —----------------------4 .0 0 —
-------------------------------------

.9
1.0
.7
.4
.5

1.2
1.2
.8
.5
.5

.2
.5
.1
.1
.6

1.8
1.1
1.4
1.1
.4

3 .4
1.9
1.7
1.0
1.2

.2
.3
.3
.3
.2

.2
.1
.1

.1
.1
.1

1.0
2.5
.4
.4
1.4

3.1
3 .0
3.5
1.7
1.4

2.3

2.9

.5

2.1

4 .5

.6

.2

.i

4 .0

10.9

T o t a l .................................................- ........................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s --------------- ----------------_ ---------

1 2 7 ,2 3 2

9 7 ,2 0 6

3 0 ,0 2 6

5 ,9 8 5

1 1 ,3 2 5

1 8 ,2 0 8

4 8 ,2 7 9

9 ,4 3 3

2 2 ,1 9 9

9 ,9 7 6

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 ---------------------------------

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .4 7

$ 2 .1 8

$ 2 .5 3

$ 2 .7 6

$ 2 .1 1

$ 2 .1 9

$ 2 .1 2

$2.7 1

$ 3 .0 6

$ 4 .0 0 a n d o v e r ______________ . . . . .

________ ___—

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and l a t e s h if ts .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 L e s s th a n 0.0 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e of rounding, s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m ay not equal 100.




n

e )

T a b le 3. O ccu pa tion a l averages: All establishm ents
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu p a tio n s in wood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c e p t u p h o lste r e d , m an u factu rin g e s ta b lish m e n ts ,
U nited S ta tes and s e le c te d r e g io n s , O ctober 1971)
U n ited S ta te s
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

1

New E n g la n d

A v e ra g e N u m b er
h o u rly
of
e a rn in g s w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

M id d le A tla n tic
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

B o r d e r S ta te s
N um ber A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s

S o u th e a s t
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

S o u th w e st
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

G re a t L akes

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

P a c if ic
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) ------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------- ----------C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) ------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ____________________________________
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s ( o th e r
th a n c a s e g o o d s )------------------------------------------M e n _______________________________________
W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------S u b a s s e m b l ie s -----------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s -------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------C u t- o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s (1 ,8 9 6 m e n ,
39 w o m e n )— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ________ __ ________ _
_.
D o u b l e - e n d - tr i m m e r s a n d
b o r in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------G l u e r s , ro u g h s t o c k ------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y ( a l l m e n ) ----M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d
o p e ra te ) (744 m e n , 35 w o m e n )-----------------------M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly )------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ---------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e --------------------------------------------M e n _______________________________________
W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e ra te )
(400 m e n , 1 w om an )-----------------------------------------P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d only)
(161 m e n , 1 w o m a n )-----------------------------------------P l a s t i c - t o p i n s t a l l e r s (458 m e n , 3 w o m e n )------R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e ra te )
( 1 ,2 0 1 m e n , 28 w o m e n )----------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly )-----------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i tu r e , h a n d ---------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i tu r e , m a c h i n e ---------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------- -----S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ----------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end of table,




15, 186
1 0 ,8 7 7
4, 309
7 ,5 0 3
5 ,7 6 2
1,741

$2.47
2.57
2.22
2.59
2.70
2.20

498
430
68
245
224
21

$ 2 .60
2.66
2.26
2.76
2.80
2.28

1 ,7 1 4
1 ,4 7 9
235
874
851
23

$2.85
2.9 2
2.45
2.91
2 .9 3
2.46

1 ,8 3 7
1 ,2 1 6
621
1, 158
823
335

$ 2 .1 2
2.22
1.93
2.15
2 .2 4
1.93

5, 179
3, 887
1, 292
2 ,2 5 8
1 ,7 6 7
491

$ 2 .1 9
2.2 3
2.07
2 .2 4
2.30
2.02

1, 164
641
523
720
376
344

$2.06
2.09
2.02
2 .0 4
2.03
2 .04

3 ,5 5 3
2, 142
1,4 1 1
1 ,7 6 7
1 ,2 7 6
491

$2.85
3.09
2.47
3.16
3.37
2.63

982
911
71
432
417
15

$ 3 .0 4
3.05
2.99
3.39
3.40
3.27

2, 142
1 ,6 2 9
513
5 ,5 4 1
3 ,4 8 6
2 ,0 5 5
1 ,0 9 7
726
371

2.41
2.46
2.2 4
2.34
2.41
2.22
2.21
2.35
1.95

91
69
22
162
137
25
94
71
23

2.40
2.46
2 .2 4
2.49
2.53
2.26
2.7 4
3.00
1.95

207
104

2 .5 7
2.95

107
93
14
572
300
272
86
61
25

2.01
2.0 3
1.91
2.08
2.2 3
1.92
2.1 3
2.2 0
1.94

960
748
212
1 ,9 6 1
1, 372
589
505
277
228

2.1 9
2.18
2.21
2.13
2.16
2.06
1.99
2.0 3
1.94

206
143
63
238
122
116
146

2.11
2.21
1.89
2.09
2 .1 3
2 .04
2.21

384
298
86
1 ,4 0 2
568
834
74
38
36

2.89
2.95
2 .67
2 .44
2 .5 4
2.36
2 .37
2 .47
2 .2 7

153
148

3.03
3.03
2.67
2 .6 4

1 ,9 3 5

2.63

86

2.5 7

337

2.8 3

199

2.35

625

2.30

71

2.11

394

977
863
114
1 ,6 6 2
1 ,4 6 5
197
1 ,3 7 6

2.55
2.58
2.28
2.27
2.27
2.2 4
2.87

56
55
94
90
100

2.3 7
2.37
2.5 4
2.5 7
2.7 3

56
39
172
163
9
129

2 .8 2
2 .7 4
2.7 0
2 .7 0
2.7 8
2.95

210
191
19
242
205
37
132

2 .2 7
2.3 0
1.95
1.98
1.99
1.92
2.7 4

272
248
24
712
682
30
434

2 .4 0
2 .4 4
2.0 5
2.1 0
2.1 0
2.02
2 .5 4

110
86
24
99
79
20
119

2.09
2 .14
1.94
1.99
2 .0 0
1.97
2.78

118
109
9
239
144
95
332

779
298
253
45
5 ,9 0 9
4 ,4 7 1
1 ,4 3 8
3 ,9 4 0
2 ,9 0 5
1,0 3 5

2.73
2.17
2.21
1.96
2.1 0
2.11
2.07
2.32
2.37
2.18

41
11
9
198
139
59
156
111
45

2.5 7
2.18
2.26
2.36
2 .4 4
2.1 8
2.42
2.48
2.29

55
14
14
347
270
77
305
243
62

3 .2 7
2.81
2.81
2 .7 4
2.76
2 .7 0
2.5 9
2 .6 0
2 .5 3

113
37
26
11
913
691
222
410
343
127

2.51
1.97
2.0 2
1.85
1.96
1.98
1.87
2.00
2 .0 4
1.89

296
152
134
18
3, 067
2 ,4 2 7
640
1 ,5 0 9
1 ,2 2 5
284

2 .5 4
2.1 2
2 .1 4
1.94
1.96
1.96
1.93
2.06
2 .0 8
2.01

31
37
34
317
206
111
334
241
93

2.34
1.97
1.99

401

2.49

22

2.85

34

2 .8 8

64

2.25

190

2.30

162
461
2, 182
2, 022

2.08
2.97
2.46
2.45

8
117
100

3.07
2.60
2.66

237
170
163

3.06
2.9 8
2 .9 7

29

1.93

287
265

2 .1 8
2.2 0

77
146
971
959

2.01
2.8 2
2 .2 3
2 .2 3

1, 229
323
262
2 ,8 3 6
1, 324
1 ,5 1 2
688
550
138
7, 156
3 ,0 7 7
4 ,0 7 9

2.63
2.27
2.27
2.15
2.26
2.05
2.26
2.34
1.94
2.20
2.32
2.11

33
24
24
75
40
35
29
21
395
166
229

2.60
2.27
2.2 7
2.51
2.72
2.27
2.38
2.38
2.30
2.56
2.11

89
11
11
73
48
25
68
61
635
400
235

3.05
2 .1 7
2 .1 7
2.8 9
3.06
2 .5 7
2.71
2 .7 4
2.65
2 .7 4
2.51

120
63
52
298
118
180
193
122
71
998
342
656

2 .3 3
2.11
2.11
1.93
2.0 2
1.87
1.98
2.09
1.79
1.92
1.99
1.89

540
110
90
1 ,6 3 2
724
908
286
235
51
2 ,9 4 5
1, 304
1 ,6 4 1

2.40
2.25
2.2 9
2.00
2.06
1.95
2.1 9
2 .2 4
1.99
1.99
2 .0 4
1.95

-

-

633
524
109
142
116
-

-

2.86
2 .8 9
2.70
2.3 6
2.46
-

-

-

-

397
346
-

-

50
49
-

2.97
2.97
-

2.86

171

3.43

2.85
2.87
2.56
2.50
2.55
2.44
3.13

117
114
87
85
99

3.46
3.46
3.03
3.03
3.50

2.06
2.08
2.02
1.99
2.02
1.93

172
35
26
727
416
311
787
574
213

2.95
2 .3 4
2.41
2.45
2.53
2 .3 4
2.90
3.05
2.51

63
12
10
324
314
165
140
25

3.31
2.76
2.82
2.32
2.32
3.04
3.03
3.08

20

2.48

49

2.70

22

3.43

19
17
126
113

1.89
1.95
2.11
2 .1 4

298
238

2.79
2.83

12
172
144

2.97
3.14
3.17

95
24
22
102
36
66
-

2.30
1.98
1.98
2.12
2 .13
2.11
1.97
1.94
1.97

336
64
40
572
309
263
72
72
1 ,2 9 8
395
903

3.02
2.46
2.43
2.51
2 .6 3
2.38
2.61
2.61
2.59
2 .84
2.48

9
9
9
68
49
19
16
16

3.39
3.11
3.11
2.58
2.58
2.58
2.82
2.82
2.59
2.56
2.88

-

-

-

403
59
344

-

-

-

-

390
354
36

T a b le 3. O ccu pa tion a l averages: A ll establishm ents— Continued
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w ood h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s ,
U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1971)
U n ite d S t a t e s 1
2
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N ew E n g la n d

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

N um ber A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

N um ber A v erag e
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

S o u th w e st

G reat L akes

P a c if ic

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

7 ,0 2 9
5 ,6 6 6
1, 363
4, 161
3 ,5 5 0
611
2 ,8 6 8
2, 116
752

$2.41
2.45
2.22
2.4 3
2.46
2.25
2.38
2.44
2.20

333
256
77
204
151
53
129
105
24

$2.82
3.01
2.18
2.74
2.97
2.09
2.93
3.06
2.35

532
450
82
429
386
43
103
64
39

$ 2 .60
2.65
2.3 3
2.60
2.6 3
2.35
2.6 2
2.81
2.3 0

1 ,0 4 1
780
261
705
575
130
336
205
131

$2.21
2.25
2.0 9
2.22
2.26
2.02
2.1 8
2.2 0
2.15

3, 124
2 ,6 4 2
482
1 ,5 2 6
1 ,3 9 2
134
1 ,5 9 8
1 ,2 5 0
348

$ 2 .20
2 .2 3
2.06
2.2 0
2.21
2.09
2.2 0
2 .2 4
2.05

446
312
134
260
187
73
186
125
61

$2.16
2.22
2.01
2.21
2.29
2.00
2.09
2 .12
2.02

1, 115
816
299
736
585
151
379
231
148

$2.78
2.82
2.66
2 .74
2.75
2.73
2.85
3.01
2.60

597
141
125

2.61
2.43
2.47

30

2.96

24
7
6

2.7 2
2.31
2.20

88
9
7

2.29
1.94
1.97

285
43
31

2.55
2.15
2.19

53
_
_

2.39
_

80
33
33

592

2.62

25

3.12

80

3.01

92

2.3 3

211

2.45

32

2.29

137
6 ,9 0 3
5 ,3 1 9
1 ,5 8 4

2.23
2.53
2.58
2.37

10
227
150
77

2.12
2.65
2.82
2.32

7
553
496
57

2.61
3.13
3.16
2.8 7

19
946
732
214

2.2 0
2.18
2 .2 4
1.99

58
2 ,7 6 7
2 ,2 0 8
559

2 .1 7
2 .2 3
2.2 7
2.10

25
401
266
135

2.11
2.18
2.20
2 .14

946

2.75

36

2.89

86

3.10

196

2.31

301

2.56

60

2.61

162

2.93

91

3.52

241

2.29

"

'

"

-

20

2.25

97

2 .0 3

44

2.13

21

2.51

40

2.92

1, 309
234
167
81
129

2.43
2.49
2.51
2.31
2.07

83
23
7

2.35
2.27
2.31

2.3 4
2.39
2 .6 7

169
19
30
33
26

2 .2 3
2.39
2.22
1.96
2.0 3

254
54
30
17
37

2.31
2.5 2
2 .6 3
2.26
2.0 3

114
20
15
_
28

2 .17
2.33
2 .13
_
2.01

296
85
59
16
10

2 .54
2.55
2.61
2.91
2.36

212
13
9

2.82
2.97
2.82

17

2.08

N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r
of
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — C o n tin u e d
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ___________________
M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n __________ _ _
__
_
B e l t ___________________________________________
M e n _______________________________________
W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------O th e r th a n b e l t ----------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------- --S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic ( s e t u p a n d
o p e ra te ) (577 m e n , 20 w om en)________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic (fe e d o n ly ) _______
M e n _______________________________________
S haper o p e ra to rs , hand (se t up and
o p e ra te ) (582 m e n , 10 w o m e n )________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( fe e d only)
(129 m e n , 8 w o m e n )___________________________
S p r a y e r s --------------------------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ____________________________________
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e ra te )
(902 m e n , 44 w o m e n )--------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s , (fe e d only)
(219 m e n , 22 w o m e n )- .-------------------------------------

-

-

377
369

$3.17
3.18

240
233

3.11
3.12

137
136

3.28
3.28

2.96
2.68
2.68

37
15
15

3.13
3.42
3.42

129

2 .6 4

16

3.44

11
1 ,4 7 8
999
479

2.55
2.90
2.98
2.75

_
460
404
56

_
3.28
3.26
3.47

S e le c te d o ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l -------------------------------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -------------------------------------------------S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l -------------------------------------T y p is ts , c la s s A ------------------------- ----------------------T y p is ts , c l a s s B -------------------------------------------------

-

-

146
19
17
-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h if ts .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te ly .
NO TE: D a s h e s in d ic a te no data r e p o r te d or data that do not m e e t pub lication c r it e r ia .




-

T a b le 4. O ccu p a tio n a l averages: B y size of community
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s 1 of production w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n s in wood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c e p t u p h o lster e d , m an ufacturing e s ta b lish m e n ts
by s iz e of co m m u n ity , U nited S ta te s and s e le c te d r e g io n s , O ctober 1971)
U n ited S ta te s 2

S ex a n d o c c u p a tio n

M e tro p o lita n
a re a s

N ew E n g la n d

N o n m e tro p o lita n
a re a s

N u m b e r ^ A v e rag e N u m b e r
h o u r ly
of
of
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s

M e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s

M id d le A tla n tic

NonM e tro m e tro p o lita n
p o lita n
a re a s
a re a s

N onm e tro p o lita n
a re a s

B o r d e r S ta te s
M e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

S o u th e a s t

N onM e tr o ­
m e tro p o lita n
p o lita n
a re a s
a re a s

N onm e tro p o lita n
a re a s

S o u th w e st
M e tr o p o lita n
a re a s

N onm e tro p o lita n
a re a s

G re a t L akes
M e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s

P a c if ic

N onm e tro p o lita n
a re a s

M e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s

N onm e tro p o lita n
a re a s

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s

M en
4 ,7 3 0
2 ,5 3 5

$2.86
3.08

6, 147
3 ,2 2 7

$2.35
2.41

$2.92
2.9 9

$2.49
2 .6 0

$2.91
2.92

$2.94
2.95

$2.63
2.62

$2.09
2 .0 8

$2.47
2 .7 0

$2.16
2.21

$2.05
1.94

$2.14
2.12

$3.36
3.76

$2.81
2.91

$3.05
3.44

$3.04
3.28

645
1 ,5 5 0
297
758

2.65
2 .5 9
2.5 4
2.91

984
1 ,9 3 6
429
1, 138

2 .3 3
2 .2 6
2.21
2 .4 6

2 .7 6
3.20

2 .4 6
2.4 0
3.01
2 .5 7

2.9 7
2 .8 6
2.4 0
2.9 0

2 .7 0
2 .9 4
2 .7 9

2.62
2.8 0

2.0 0
2.15
2 .0 4
2 .1 9

2 .2 8
2 .3 3
2.65

2.15
2.11
2.00
2 .1 9

2 .33
1.94

1.92
2.38

3.01
2.42

1.96

2.25

2 .8 4
2.65
2.72
2 .83

2.92

3.14
2 .64
3.23
3.58

_
_
_
2.90

364
420
483

2.7 8
2.52
3.15

499
1,045
893

2 .4 4
2 .1 8
2.71

-

2 .3 7
2 .5 8
2 .6 6

2.4 3
2 .6 6
3.10

2.9 5
2 .8 0
2.85

2.72
2.2 5
3.42

2 .2 4
1.98
2 .4 6

2 .5 7
2 .1 6
2 .7 3

2.37
2 .0 9
2 .4 9

2 .04
2.15
2.62

2 .48
1.82
2 .9 9

2 .9 4
2 .6 7
3.29

2.81
2 .46
2.99

3.47
3.18
3.76

3.41
2.76
3.25

209
1 ,0 7 3
1, 134
597
442
229
104
1 ,2 3 1
1 ,8 1 2
1 ,2 2 4
588

2.95
2.22
2.65
2.71
2 .9 8
2 .5 6
2.41
2 .4 9
2 .6 6
2 .6 8
2.62

535
3 ,3 9 8
1, 771
1,425
759
1,095
446
1 ,8 4 6
3 ,8 5 4
2 ,3 2 6
1 ,5 2 8

2 .6 4
2 .0 8
2 .1 9
2.35
2 .4 4
2 .2 0
2 .3 3
2.21
2.3 5
2 .3 4
2 .3 7

2.5 5
2.41
2 .4 3
2.62
2.5 5
2.71
2 .3 8
2.2 5
3.01
2 .9 7
3.07

2 .8 0
2 .5 4
2.6 0
2 .9 0
3.13
2 .6 4
2.51
2 .5 3
2 .5 4
2.4 4

3.58
2 .8 9
2.61
3.0 6
2 .9 8
3.41
2.75
3.2 9
2 .9 4
2 .8 6
3.14

3.01
2.41
2 .3 7
2.35
2 .6 0
2 .1 4
2 .3 7
2 .3 4
2.41

2.45
1.88
1.95
2 .1 7
2 .2 8
1.95
2 .0 9
1.97
2.22
2 .2 4
2.12

2 .8 4
1.99
2.2 5
2 .3 6
2.55
2 .2 0
2 .1 6
2 .1 4
2.3 5
2 .3 9
2 .3 0

2 .4 9
1.96
2.02
2.21
2.37
2.05
2.25
2.02
2 .20
2 .18
2.23

2.30
1.98
2 .00
21.19
2.20
_
1.83
2.12
2 .1 4
2 .10

2 .47
2 .20
2.03
2.10
2.45
2 .0 7
_
2.02
2 .3 8
2 .49
2 .1 7

3.11
2 .30
3.21
2 .90
3.51
2 .9 4
2 .5 9
2.91
2 .9 7
2.91
3.13

2.83
2.65
2.84
2.79
2.54
2.55
2.63
2.77
2.70
2.62
2.92

3.49
2.32
2.97
3.24
3.39
2.58

3.06
2.34

164
200
1 ,8 8 6
299

2 .7 6
2.9 0
2 .9 4
3.03

413
382
3 ,4 3 3
603

2 .5 6
2 .4 8
2 .3 8
2 .6 6

2.6 4
3.02
3.21
2.8 8

-

-

2.9 0
2.8 7

3.14
3.08
2.81
2.91

3.01
3.02
3.30

2.42
2 .4 9
2 .8 0

2 .2 7
2.31
2 .1 8
2 .3 0

2 .6 6
2 .5 6
2 .4 4
2 .8 4

2 .53
2.42
2.23
2 .50

2 .3 4
2.32
2 .1 9
2 .3 4

_
2.20
-

3.20
2.85
3.28
2 .98

2.84
2.48
2.77
2.91

3.56
3.60
3.30
3.71

_
_
3.04
3.18

A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) _______ 1 ,9 3 0
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) ___
800
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( o th e r
th a n c a s e g o o d s )__________________________
302
Suba s s e m b lie s _____________________________
828
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s ___________________________
177
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e _________________________
391
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ____________________________
475
R u b b e rs , fu rn itu r e , hand.
284
S a n d e rs , fu rn itu r e , h a n d .
1 ,4 4 5
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e
500
B e l t _________________________________________
229
O th e r th a n b e lt
_ _
271
S p ray ers
666

2.32
2.3 4

2 ,3 7 9
941

2 .1 4
2 .0 8

_
-

2 .2 6
2 .2 9

_
-

2.71
2 .3 7

2.0 2
-

1.91
1.90

2.21
-

2.00
1.95

1.97
1.92

2.10
_

2 .50
2 .57

2.44
2.88

2 .94
3.13

3.49
3.49

2 .2 7
2.31
2 .0 6
2.12
2.21
2.15
2.25
2 .2 7
2 .2 4
2.3 0
2.5 0

211
1,2 2 7
194
1,0 4 7
560
1 ,2 2 8
2 ,6 3 4
863
382
481
918

2.21
2 .1 7
1.85
2.05
2 .1 6
2 .0 3
2 .0 3
2 .1 9
2 .2 6
2 .1 4
2 .2 8

-

2 .2 4
2 .2 6
1.95
2 .1 8
2 .2 9
2 .2 7
2 .0 9
2 .1 6
2 .0 7
2.35
2.31

2 .4 6
2 .6 3
2.3 0

2.7 5
2 .7 4
2.71
2.61
2.62
2 .6 6
2.55
3.20

_
2.02
1.91
2 .0 4
2 .0 8
2 .4 4
2.21
2.51
2.11

1.91
1.92
1.94
1.83
1.89
1.81
1.86
1.97
1.99
1.93
1.96

2.31
2 .1 3
_
1.99
2 .1 6
2 .1 3
1.95
2 .2 0
2 .2 6
2 .1 7
2.0 5

2.02
2 .0 4
1.87
1.92
1.95
1.92
1.95
2.02
2.02
2.02
2.12

2 .0 6
2 .0 4
_
1.95

_
_
_
2.07
2.03
_
2.12
2 .08
_
1.89
2.12

2 .7 4
2.42

_
2.30

_
_

2 .2 4
2.65

2.42
2.43
2.38
2.31
2.83
2.91
2.74
2.75

_
_
_
_
_

A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) _______
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) ___
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s ( o th e r
th a n c a s e g o o d s )____________________ ____
S uba s s e m b lie s ________________ _____________
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s ______ _____________________
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ________________________
D o u b l e - e n d - tr i m m e r s a n d
b o r in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ___________________
G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k ___________________________
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ____________
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p
a n d o p e r a t e ) __________________________________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e _________________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e _____ ____________________
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s _____________________________
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) _______
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h an d_____________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e _________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d __
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e _________________
B e l t __________ ___ __________________________
O th e r th a n b e lt _____________________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic ( s e t u p
a n d o p e r a t e ) __________________________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ..
S p r a y e r s _______________________________________
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ______

3.31
2.6 4
3.08
-

2 .9 8
2 .9 9
-

2.52
3.30
3.25
3.41

3.00
_
_
_
2.71
2.92

W o m en

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .
NOTE: D a s h e s in d ic a te no data r e p o r te d or data that do not m ee t p u b lica tio n c r ite r ia .




-

2.45
2 .1 6
2.35

2 .00
1.83
1.99
1.92
2 .0 9
2 .1 6

2.60
2.50
2 .5 4
2 .4 6
2.75

_
_
2.93
2.58
2.75

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

3.47

“

T a b le 5. O ccu p a tion a l averages: B y size of establishm ent
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 of production w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n s in w ood h o u se h o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o ls te r e d , m an u factu rin g e s ta b lish m e n ts
by s iz e of e s ta b lis h m e n t, U n ited S ta te s and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , O ctober 1971)
N ew E n g la n d

U n ite d S ta te s 1
2

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

S o u th w e st

G reat L akes

P a c if ic

E s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith —
S e x a n d o c c u p a tio n

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

2 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers

250
250
250
250
2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s 2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s 2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s 2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s
w o rk ers
w o rk ers
w o rk e rs
w o rk e rs
o r m o re
o r m o re
o r m o re
o r m o re

N u m b er A v e ra g e N um ber A v erag e
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

250
250
2 0 -2 4 9
2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s 2 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers w o rk ers w o rk e rs
w o rk ers
o r m o re
o r m o re

250
w o rk e rs
o r m o re

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s

M en
A s s e m b le rs , fu rn itu re (ex cep t
c h a ir s )
. _
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s)____________ ______
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( o th e r th a n c a s e g o o d s ) _______ S u b a s s e m b lie s
__ ___
______
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s . . _____
_____
C u t- o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s
D o u b l e - e n d - tr i m m e r s a n d
b o r in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _______
G l u e r s , r o u g h s t o c k _____ ________ _
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l
_______
u tility
— ___
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( s e t up a n d o p e r a te ) ___—
—
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ______________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ___ _____ _____
R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s ____ _______ _____
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a t e ) ----------------------—----------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d __________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e --------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d - ---- --------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e ---- ---- B e lt— .................................. ......................
O th e r t h a n b e l t ----------------- —---- —
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic
( s e t up a n d o p e r a te ) — _____________
Shaper o p e ra to rs , hand
( s e t u p a n d o p e r a te ) — — ...................
S p ray ers
. _____
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a te ) — --------— --- -------- ------

5 ,8 1 4

$ 2 .6 4

5 ,0 6 3

$ 2 .4 9

$ 2 .6 1

$ 2 .9 9

$ 2.86

$ 3 .2 9

$ 2 .4 4

$ 2 .1 4

$ 2 .1 3

$ 2 .2 8

$ 2 .0 9

$ 2 .0 9

$ 2 .9 2

$ 3 .3 4

$3.0 3

$3.19

2 ,8 6 0

2 .8 0

2 ,9 0 2

2.61

2.75

3 .1 2

2 .8 7

3.41

2.39

2 .1 8

2 .2 4

2.33

-

2 .08

3.15

3 .6 0

3 .40

3.35

883
2 ,0 7 1
423
1 ,1 7 6

2 .5 0
2 .4 8
2.4 9
2.7 5

746
1 ,4 1 5
303
720

2.41
2.31
2.1 4
2.46

2.41
2.46
2.92
2.62

.
2.65

2.96
2.8 2
2.41
2 .7 7

3 .2 0
3.4 6

2 .5 8

2.00

2 .3 0

2.21

2.22

2.21

2.26

2.01

2 .2 7

2.0 4
2.31

2.09

2 .16
2.15

2 .74
2.61
2.73
2 .92

2.41

2 .4 7

2 .0 8
2.0 4
2.2 8

1.98
2.0 9

2.76

3.03
2 .60
2 .97
3 .4 7

3.24

402
685

2 .7 0
2 .3 7

461
780

2.4 8
2.19

2.19
2.49

2.52
2.81

2.68

3 .6 0

2.41
2.09

2.2 6
1.98

2.1 7
2.0 6

2 .5 4
2.13

2.05
1.93

2.23
2.07

2.93
2.61

2.81
2.43

3 .48
3 .02

3.25
3.06

2.8 2

2.45

2 .5 7

2.82

2 .77

2 .98

3.36

3.52

3.42

2.4 9
1.98

2 .4 8
1.87
1.94
2.1 4

2 .5 7

2.51
2.16

2 .27
2.06

2.15
2 .2 8

2.02

2.02

2.04

2.25

3.13
2 .39
2.76
2.82

2 .77
2 .70
3.76
2.84

3 .27
2 .27
3.05
3 .1 7

2.53
2.89
-

2.3 8
1.89
2.13

2.4 2

2 .28
1.79
-

2 .3 0
2 .34

2.66

3 .2 7
2.51
2.62
3.52
2.81
2.63
3 .1 8

3.41
2 .52
2.82
2.54
3.21
3.11
3.40

3.01

3.11

-

2.61

-

685

2.9 1

691

2.82

2.85

-

2.90

3.15

2.55

320
1 ,5 2 7
1 ,4 7 9
923

2 .8 5
2 .1 4
2 .4 0
2 .5 4

424
2 ,9 4 4
1 ,4 2 6
1 ,0 9 9

2.63

3 .1 7
2.4 8
2.52
2.85

3 .4 7
3 .3 7
3.35
3.43

2.55

2.33
2.39

2.49
2.39
2.48
2.61

-

437
44 8
208
1 ,7 6 3
2 ,3 6 0
1 ,6 4 0
720

2 .6 4
2 .3 0
2 .4 8
2.3 3
2 .5 7
2.5 9
2.5 3

764
876
342
1 ,3 1 4
3 ,3 0 6
1 ,9 1 0
1 ,3 9 6

2.6 4
2.24
2.26
2.30
2.36
2.3 4
2.39

2.7 7
2.65
2.38
2.5 6
3.01
2.99
3.0 4

.
-

3 .0 0
2 .5 4

3 .1 7
4 .0 0

-

3.0 2
2.91
3.1 6

2.46
2.56
2.56
2.56

176

2.83

401

2.52

3 .0 8

-

2 .6 7

2.10

2 .5 8
2 .7 8

2.66

2.02
2.21

2.01

2.24

2 .1 8

3.72
3.53
3 .3 7
-

2 .5 4
2 .2 8
2 .4 7
2.52
2.3 9

2 .2 7
1.98
2.03
1.95
2.19

-

-

-

2.00

2.12

2.21

2.0 9
2.13

2.1 4

2.02

2.26
2.06
2.2 8
2.25
2 .3 0

2.2 8

2.66

2.53

2.01

-

1.68

2.12

2 .14
2 .18
2 .0 7

2.28
2 .3 7
2.15

2.83
2 .6 0
2 .5 8
2.83
2.82
2 .8 4

-

2.41

2.89

-

-

-

-

-

2.85
3.05
3.19
2.89

265
2 ,5 3 9

2 .7 8
2.73

317
2 ,7 8 0

2.5 0
2.44

2.9 7
2.83

3 .4 4
-

2 .9 7
3.11

3.15
3.49

2.36
2 .3 7

2.31

2 .4 7

2.20

2.20

2 .4 4
2 .3 0

2.36

2.20

2.10

2.28

2 .64
2.96

2.64
3 .00

3.44
3.25

3.32

348

2.96

554

2.6 7

2.77

3 .2 7

2.9 0

3.6 0

2 .5 8

2 .3 7

2.53

2 .5 7

2.59

2.65

2 .9 8

2.90

3.48

3.74

1 ,5 2 6

2 .3 7

2 ,7 8 3

2.13

2.25

-

487

2 .4 4

1 ,2 5 4

2.11

2.26

-

320
719
261
374
387
365
1 ,5 7 4
427
235

2 .2 9
2 .3 6
1.95

193
1 ,3 3 6

2.17
2.15
1.95

2.22

2.21

1 ,0 6 4
648
1 ,1 4 7
2 ,5 0 5
936
376
560
899

.
.
.

W om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e (e x c e p t
chairs) . _ _ _ _ —
,
„ .
, Tr
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s)------------- —------------- C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( o th e r th a n c a s e g o o d s ) ------- ----S u b a s s e m b lie s— -------------------- —
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s —---- -------------- —
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ---------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i tu r e ---------- —------------R u b b e rs, fu rn itu r e , h a n d —
------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d — — -------—
S a n d e r s , f u r n i tu r e , m a c h in e — . ---B e lt______________________________
O th e r t h a n b e l t --------------- —---------S p r a y e r . -------------------------------------------

192

685

2 .2 9
2 .1 4
2.1 5
2.3 3
2 .3 9
2 .2 5
2.4 5

110

2.02
2.12

2.03
2.0 8
2 .1 8
2 .1 7
2.1 8
2.31

2.26
1.94
2.09
2.25
2.23
2 .0 8
2.14
2.03
2.41
2.20

-

2 .6 4

-

-

1.88

2 .0 7

2 .0 7

1.85

2 .09

2.59

2.36

2.96

3.07

-

-

-

1.91

2.03

2.02

-

2.09

2.69

2.55

3.45

3.16

-

-

1.91
1.84
1.94
1.85
1.89

1.93
1.92

2.01

2.65
2.49
2.70
2.43
2.58
2 .3 8
2 .54

2.28
2.29
2.41
2 .38
2.41

-

.

2.66

2.02

1.86
2.01
2.12

1.99
1.98
1.99
1.89
1.75
1.82
1.80

3.12
-

3.12

1.86
1.88

-

2.15

1.96
1.92

2.66
2.66
2.66

4 .4 1

2.1 6
1.97

2.76
2.51

-

-

2.1 7
2 .0 8
1.99
1.94
2 .0 7
1.94
1.99
2 .0 7
2 .0 8
2 .0 7

2 .07
-

-

1.95
1.92
-

2.20

1.85

2.86

2.59

3 .5 8

3.29

2.36

2.66

2.6 4
2.4 2
.
2 .2 7
2 .2 7
2.2 4
2.3 0
2.4 2

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h if ts .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n t o t h o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .

NOTE:

D a sh e s in d ic a te no data r e p o r te d o r data that do not m e e t pub lication c r it e r ia .




2.88

2.09

1.90
1.87
1.99

-

2.02

1.90
2.15
2.05
2.05
2 .04
2.06
2 .29

2.88

-

T a b le 6. O ccu p a tion a l averages: B y labor-management contract coverage
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w ood h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s
by l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c t c o v e r a g e , U nited S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1971)
U n ited S ta te s 2

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

G re a t L akes

E s t a b l i s h m e n ts w ith —
S ex a n d o c c u p a tio n

M a jo r ity c o v e re d
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u rly
e a rn in g s

N one o r
m in o r it y c o v e re d
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M a jo r ity
c o v e re d

N one o r
m in o r it y
c o v e re d

M a jo r ity
c o v e re d

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N one o r
m in o r ity
c o v e re d

M a jo r ity
c o v e re d

N one o r
m in o r it y
c o v e re d

M a jo rity
c o v e re d

N one o r
m in o r ity
c o v e re d

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s

M en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) ---------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s) —
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( o th e r
th a n c a s e g o o d s )._______________ — --------- S u b a s s e m b lie s ___________ ________________—
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s . . ________ ________________
C u t- o ff - s a w o p e r a t o r s . . . _______. . . ____________
D o u b l e - e n d - tr i m m e r s a n d
b o r in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s _____ ______________
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k ____ _____ _________________
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ____________
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p
a n d o p e r a t e ) ------------------- —----------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e . _____ ________ . . . . . . _____
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ____ ________ _______________
R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------- -R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) _______
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d _____________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e ____ ___________ —
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d . ------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e . ___. . . ____ —
___
B e l t _________________________________________
O th e r th a n b e lt --------------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic ( s e t u p
a n d o p e r a t e ) --------------------------------- --------------- -S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ..
S p r a y e r s ___________________________ ____________
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ______

4 , 110
2 ,4 5 6

$ 2 .8 2
2.89

6 ,7 6 7
3 ,3 0 6

$ 2 .4 2
2.5 6

$ 2 .8 7
2.95

497
1 ,1 5 7
156
758

2.89
2.65
2.7 8
2.99

1, 132
2 ,3 2 9
570
1, 138

2.27
2 .2 9
2.2 3
2.41

2.73
2.63
2 .9 3

292

2.9 8
2.50
3.10

571
1 ,0 2 7
837

2 .3 8
2 .1 8
2.72

2.88

488
3 .2 2 2
1 ,9 4 4
1 ,3 4 9
859
877
407
1 ,9 8 4
4 ,0 1 4
2 ,4 8 3
1,5 3 1

2.3 3
2.3 5
2.31

2 .6 4
2.6 3
2 .5 8
2.8 2

438
539
256
1 ,2 4 9
961

2.36
2.63
2.77

$ 3 .0 0

$ 2 .6 4
2 .7 4

$ 2 .0 8
2.07

$ 2 .3 0
2.29

$ 2.21
2.31

$ 3 .0 9
3.17

$ 3 .0 9
3.59

_
2 .4 8
_
2 .6 9

2.02
2.20
2.20

2.47
2.27
_
2.54

2 .1 4
2 .1 4
2 .03
2 .25

3.19
2.76
2.26
3.10

2.66

3.16
2.7 5

2.73
2.67
3.00

2 .7 5
2 .7 8
2 .7 9

2 .6 5
2.17
3.21

2 .40

1.96
2.4 9

2.62
2 .05
2.56

2 .54

2.90
2.61
3.03

2.84
2.47
3.27

3.30
2.61
2.7 3
2.7 6
3.07
2.6 2

2 .8 3
2.3 6
2.47
2.4 6
3.01

2.42
1.89
1.96
2.16
2 .2 8
1.96
2 .0 8
1.98
2 .1 9

2.41
1.92
2 .1 8
2.15
2.27
2.03
2.07
2.07
2 .1 8

2.57
1.97
2.05
2.25
2 .4 4
2.06
2.25
2 .0 4
2 .2 3

2.90
2.63
3.09
2.96
2.75
2.60
2.76

2.20

2.21

2.15

2.21
2.12

2.25

2.90
2.85
2.97

3.04
2.37
3.02
2.60
3.26
2.69
2.42
2.75
2.73
2.67
3.11

2.26
2 .3 0
2 .1 8
2.42

2.23
2 .3 8
2.26
2.55

2.61
2.46
2.27
2.57

3.03
2.72
3.00
3.04

2.82
2.58
2.95
2.81

1.87
1.89

1.99

2.09

1.88

2.11

2.83
3.20

2.23
2.29

1.81
1.85
1.94
1.84
1.87
1.87

_
1.98

2.92

2.6 5

3.25

2.02

2.86

2 .2 4
2.30
2.62
2.1 5
2.25

2.5 3
3.06
3.02
3.26

2.88
-

673
342
447
143
1 ,0 9 3
1 ,6 5 2
1 ,0 6 7
585

2.50
2.61
2.53
2.7 4
2.71
2 .7 9

146
169
1 ,7 0 6
341

2.89
2.96

431
413
3 ,6 1 3
561

2.57
2.51
2.4 3
2 .6 9

2.6 5
3.09
3.14
3 .1 8

3.1 8
2.97

2 .5 9
2 .4 0

1 ,4 6 6
653

2.43
2.36

2 ,8 4 3
1, 088

2.11
2.11

2.57
2.46

2 .3 8
_

_

146
667
158
369
511
302

2.57
2.47
2.05
2.31
2.35
2.4 0
2.47
2.5 9
2.75
2.50
2.67

367
1 ,3 8 8
213
1 ,0 6 9
524
1, 210
3 ,1 7 3
998
477
521
990

2.11
2.10
1.88

2.68

2.75
2.92

2.20

2.68

-

3.01
2 .7 0
2 .6 9
-

2.88

-

_
2.02

2 .5 6
2.67
2 .3 9
2.65
-

2.13

2.22

2.11

2.92

2.41
2.58

W om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e (e x c e p t c h a i r s ) _______
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) ___
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p ie c e s ( o th e r
th a n c a s e g o o d s )________ . . . . _____________
Suba s s e m b lie s ----------------------------- ----- ----- --A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s ___________________________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e . ________________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ____________________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ___________ __________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ___________ __________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ____ « ..._________
B e l t _____________ ______ ...._________ _____
O th e r th a n b e lt ____________ ____. . . . _________
S p r a y e r s _______________________________________

906

365
134
231
594




-

_
2.6 3
2.47

1.99
2.02

2.60

1.97

3.19
2 .6 9
2 .4 9
2.51
2.47
3.27

2.01

2 .0 9
2.11

2.0 7
2 .1 9

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e an d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a te s h if ts .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .

NOTE: D a s h e s in d ic a te no data rep o r te d or data that do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

-

2 .6 4
_
2 .7 3

-

2.3 6
_
_
2 .2 8

_
_
_
_
2 .2 3
-

_
_
2.46
2.3 6
2 .4 9

1.86

1.96
1.98
1.93
1.97

1.81
2.03
_
1.98
2.31
_
2 .05
2.01

2.12

2 .07
1.89
1.95
2.00

1.95
1.95
2 .05
2.03
2.05
2.12

_
2.64

2.47
2.19

2.62
2.73
2.50
2.95

2.16
2.19

2.88

3.04
2.76
3.01

2.12

2.22

2.41
2.47
2.47

T a b le 7. O ccu p a tion a l averages: B y labor-management contract coverage and size of com m unity
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 of m en in s e le c te d occupations in wood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lster e d , m a n ufacturing e s ta b lish m e n ts
by la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c t c o v e r a g e and s iz e of co m m u n ity , United S ta tes and s e le c te d r e g io n s , O ctober 1971)
G reat L akes

S o u th e a s t

B o r d e r S ta te s

M id d le A tla n tic

U n ite d S ta te s 1
2
3

E s ta b l i s h m e n ts w ith —
O c c u p a tio n a n d s iz e
of c o m m u n ity

M a jo r ity c o v e r e d

N one o r m in o r ity
c o v e re d

M a jo r ity c o v e re d

N u m b e r A v e r a g e N u m b e r A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
of
w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o rk e rs e a r n in g s
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t
c h a ir s ) :
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------C u t-o ff-s a w o p e ra to rs :
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k :
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l
u tility :
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e :
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------P a c k e r s , f u r n i tu r e :
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s :
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p
a n d o p e r a te ) :
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------R u b b e rs, fu rn itu r e , hand:
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------S a n d e rs, fu rn itu r e , hand:
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------S a n d e rs , f u rn itu re , m a c h in e : 3
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___ — ----N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------B e lt:
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------S p ra y ers:
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s -----------

N one o r m in o r it y
c o v e re d

M a jo r ity c o v e re d

N um ber A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

N um ber A v erag e
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s

N um ber A v erag e N um ber A v e ra g e N um ber A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
of
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s

M a jo r ity c o v e re d

748
325

$3.42
2.33

2 .44

68

2.21

155

2.89
3.19

79
76

2.78
2.38

58

2.78
2 .54

38
-

2.61
-

2 .73
2 .49

56
138

3.07
3.02

94
44

3.43
2.93

263
1 ,7 9 4

1.96
1.97

64

2.22

88

190

2.76

74

2.36
2.37

2.5 7
1.92

198
775

2.09
2 .0 4

116
150

3.09
3.09

211

97

3.28
2.44

2 .5 7

135
659

2.30
2 .2 4

42

2.02

110

3.13
2.89

43
43

2.67
2.53

30
58

2.46
2 .1 7

102

339

2.58
2.40

61
89

2.91
2.63

103
75

3.86
2.42

2 ,5 9 6
4, 171

$2.72
2.23

735
253

$ 2 .8 9
2.83

348
143

$ 2 .9 4
3.15

182
737

$2.31
2.02

288
518

$ 2 .9 7
1.94

543
2 ,5 3 8

354
404

3.2 2
2 .7 9

404
734

2.65
2.27

81
106

3.23
2.7 0

120

23

2.67
3.17

26
111

2.3 3
2 .1 7

47
49

3.06
2 .0 4

94
434

207
231

2 .6 9
2 .3 3

213
814

2.35
2.13

88

2.7 2
2.51

27
19

2.46
3.2 4

12

27
64

21

2.00

73
518

2.16

163

2.0 7
1.96

2.16

29

2.10

213
326

3.36
2.92

270
567

2.99
2.59

33
67

3.3 4
2.8 3

9

3.01

65

2.81
2.3 8

43

2.5 0

78
303

408
841

2 .4 6
2 .3 2

665
2, 557

2.0 7

39
123

2 .7 4
2.8 9

63
45

2.41
2.9 0

96
459

2.01

2.00

54
316

2.1 8
1.87

467
494

2 .8 0
2 .4 7

667
1 ,2 7 7

2.5 4
2.08

105
50

2 .5 4
2.51

54
-

2.70
-

62
225

2.11

102

1.92

150

267
406

3.0 3
2 .6 0

330
1 ,0 1 9

2.45
2.25

54
58

3.18
2.96

35
16

2 .4 7
3.40

39
193

2.2 5
2 .1 4

39
126

3.04
2.41

17
16

3.01
3.04

19

29

2 .9 4

88

2.4 2
2.25

-

-

1.87

N u m b e r A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

$3.22
3.03

$ 3 .0 3
2 .6 0

22

N one o r m in o r ity
c o v e re d

360
709

$ 2.20

2, 134
1 ,9 7 6

2.21

152

2.88

190

2 .5 3

290
569

118
329

2 .6 3
2.4 5

111

2.48

-

19

-

-

52

1.81

64

1.96

18
623

2 .13
2.06

2.88

2.10

3.4 4

29

766

190

2.56

30
•

3.00
“

579
514

2 .6 4
2 .4 2

652
1 ,3 3 2

2.35

242
46

2.5 5
3.12

-

-

32
251

2.11

2.12

1.96

39
215

2 .7 4
1.95

218
832

2 .03
2 .0 4

52
149

2.96
2.91

127
67

2.46

741
911

2 .8 7
2 .6 3

1 ,071
2 ,9 4 3

2.51
2.27

189
98

2.4 9

129
34

2.59
3.09

119
539

2.19
2.1 9

65
251

2 .6 4
2.06

370
1 ,9 5 6

2.30

2.88

2.22

113
313

3.02
2.85

240
150

2.95
2.39

487
580

2.8 5
2 .5 9

737
1 746

2.56
2.26

165
67

2.51
2.75

123
31

2.5 9
3.10

78
420

2 .1 8

47
171

2 .6 7
2.0 8

177
997

2.31

2.20

2.20

62
193

3.05
2.78

193
137

2.87
2.38

761
945

3 .1 7

1, 125
2 ,4 8 8

2.77
2.28

200

3.22
3.02

152
25

3.20
3.05

103
528

2.2 9
2.16

139
248

2 .5 7
2.0 8

303
1 ,5 1 8

2.38
2.25

138
372

3.28

2.66

2.90

272
217

3.28
2.54

119

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h if ts .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te l y .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c la s s if i c a t io n s in a d d itio n to th o se show n s e p a r a te l y .

NO TE: D a sh e s in d ic a te no data r e p o r te d or data that do not m e e t pub lication c r it e r ia .




N one o r m in o r it y
c o v e re d

N one o r m in o r it y
c o v e re d

2.90

T a b le 8. O ccupational averages: B y labor-management contract coverage and size of establishm ent
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 1 of m en in se le c te d o ccu p a tio n s in wood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lster e d , m anufacturing e s ta b lish m e n ts
by la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n tra c t c o v e r a g e and s iz e of e s ta b lish m e n t, United S ta tes and s e le c te d r e g io n s , O ctober 1971)
M id d le A tla n tic

U n ited S ta te s 2

B o r d e r S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

G re a t L akes

E s t a b l i s h m e n ts w ith —
O c c u p a tio n a n d s iz e
of e s ta b l is h m e n t

M a jo r ity c o v e re d

N one o r m in o r ity
c o v e re d

M a jo r ity c o v e re d

N one o r m in o r ity
c o v e re d

N one o r m in o r it y
c o v e re d

M a jo r ity c o v e re d

N one o r m in o r it y
c o v e re d

M a jo r ity c o v e re d

N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e r a g e N u m b e r A v e r a g e N u m b e r A v e r a g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
h o u rly
h o u rly
of
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
of
of
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t
c h a ir s ) :
2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s ______________
250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ________
C u t- o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s :
2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s ---------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ________
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k :
2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s ______________
250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ________
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l
u tility :
20—
249 w o r k e r s ______________
250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e _______
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e :
2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s ---------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e -----------P a c k e r s , f u r n i tu r e :
20—
249 w o r k e r s ______________
250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e -----------R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s :
20—
249 w o r k e r s ______________
250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e _______
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p
a n d o p e r a te ) :
20—
249 w o r k e r s ______________
250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ________
R u b b e rs, f u rn itu re , hand:
20—
249 w o r k e r s ______________
250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i tu r e , h a n d :
20—
249 w o r k e r s ______________
250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i tu r e , m a c h i n e : 3
2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s ---------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e _______
B e lt:
20—
249 w o r k e r s ---------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ________
S p ra y ers:
20—
249 w o r k e r s ---------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ________

$ 2.88
2.49

4, 045
5 ,5 6 5

$2.34
2.31

974
101

$2.81
3.24

504

2 , 281

-

$2.79
-

570
205

3.04
2.79

642
518

2.45
2.32

160
28

2.8 3
3.48

138

2.66

266

471
667

2.21

111

2.60

258

2.63
2.34

2.14

-

43
-

324
215

3.13
3.04

361
476

2.71
2.72

78

-

637
981

2.40
2.32

1, 264
3 ,0 2 7

2.02
2.00

137
78

2.50
3.40

109
-

2.56
-

747
725

2.74
2.32

1, 119
1, 349

2.14
2.24

164
-

2.45
-

92
-

2.59
-

78
321

2.11

362
357

2.94
2.60

627
836

2.31
2.30

93
23

2.9 4
3.4 7

44
-

2.70
-

58
194

141

2.83
2.59

308
570

2.54
2.65

26
7

2.86

210

3.63

38
-

3.10
-

30
80

267
482

2.59
2.38

546
1 ,5 4 1

2.06
2.04

27
19

2.70
4.0 0

-

-

212

1 ,0 9 1
908

2.63
2.35

2, 246
2 ,9 1 1

2.06

313
79

2.43
3.54

167
-

2.33
-

201

2.10

1 ,0 3 4
983

2.89
2.52

1 ,7 5 3
3 ,2 5 9

2.33
2.26

303
27

2.51
3.74

181

2.5 2

690
511

2.88

1, 185
1, 775

2.38
2.26

237
15

2.51
3.58

156

2.49

-

1, 230
1, 070

3.07
2.56

1 ,9 9 4
2 ,6 0 9

2.42
2.35

301
52

3.03
3.89

178

3 ,2 9 5

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o se show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s if i c a t io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te l y .

-

2.9 8
-

-

a n d la te s h if ts .

NO TE: D a s h e s in d ic a te no data rep o r te d or data that do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .




-

247
1, 151

$ 2.22
1.95

267
849

$2.35
2.17

1 ,2 8 0
2 ,7 8 3

36

2.20
2.20

55
42

2.83
2.1 8

202

2.12

101

326

2.58
-

35
165

2.03
1.93

-

79

2.0 3

-

31
56

2.60
2.4 3

31

2.72

102

1.98
1.86

30
434

2.17

656

-

N u m b e r A v e ra g e
h o u rly
of
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

668

$3.11
2.85

968
954

$2.50
2.93

176
60

3.07
3.00

132

2.65

2.33

224
395

2.05
2 .14

62
69

2.63
2.47

61
_

2.53
_

100

2.48
2.55

110

281

3.01
3.06

92
46

2.94
3.92

680
1 ,9 2 3

1.86
2.01

2.37

210

2.44
2.79

162

1.88

174

2.12

2.1 8

443
717

1.93

283

1.89

280

2.11

112

3.06
2.76

251
141

2.33
3.74

2.19
2.13

37
128

2.36
2.0 9

296
510

2.12

2.33

75
109

2.94
2.93

90
-

2.64
-

2.48
2.19

79

142
309

2.39
2.45

60
98

2.75
2.75

76

2.3 0

102

2.59
3.75

-

132

2.0 3

360
1, 137

1.94
2.01

142
238

2.63
2.52

62

1.88

-

2.64
-

2.02
1.86

139
346

2.06

645

2.01

869
1 ,5 9 1

1.91
2.03

319
206

3.04
2.78

430
343

2.54

-

-

-

-

$2.0 7
2.23

963

None o r m in o r ity
c o v e re d

84
181

-

-

2.20

120

2.25

2.61
2.16

741
2, 035

2 .07
2.25

311
275

2.96
2.82

2.62

2.12

24
324

319

732

210

2.70

2.56
-

75
538

2 .2 7
2 .1 4

18

2 .6 7
2.20

427
871

2.11

210

2 .24

189
133

3.07
2 .64

258
156

2.64

3.08

142
632

2.10

142
362

2.31
2.16

811
1 ,4 5 2

2.31

410
348

3.16
2.83

414
306

2.69
2.93

-

2.31

2.11

2.62

T a b le 9. O ccupational averages: B y method of wage payment
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w ood h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o ls te r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s
b y m e th o d of w a g e p a y m e n t. U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g io n s , O c to b e r 1971)
N ew E n g la n d

U n ited S ta te s 1
2
S e x a n d o c c u p a tio n

T im e w o r k e r s
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s

T im e w o r k e r s

N u m b e r A v e ra g e
of
h o u rly
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

N u m b er ' A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

B o r d e r S ta te s

M id d le A tla n tic

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s

T im e w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e N um ber
h o u r ly
of
e a rn in g s w o r k e r s

In c e n tiv e w o r k e r s

A v erag e N u m b er
of
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s w o r k e r s

T im e w o rk e rs

In c e n tiv e w o r k e r s

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 3 .0 6
3.25
3.01

$ 2.12
2.32
1.97
2.74
1.89
1.96

125
13

$3.11

3.29
3.17
3.40
3.30
2.99
2.97
3.26

1 ,0 9 1
186
191
130
623
300
248
113
82
323
680
519
684

2.38
.
2.91
2.76
2.58
2.60
2.55
3.32

591
32
219
117
180
649
227
209

1.92
1.93
1.85
1.89
1.87

M en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) — — . — C u t- o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s _________________________
G l u e r s , r o u g h s t o c k ---- ------------------------ — ---------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y ______________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e — — —
— —— —
P a c k e r s , fu rn itu r e
_
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) — — — —
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ----------------------------- ----S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h and----------------------- — -------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e 3-------------------------B e lt____—
..........................
.
_______
S p r a y e r s --------------------------------------------------------------

8 ,5 1 0
1 ,5 7 4
1 ,2 6 3
1 ,2 5 4
3 ,7 3 1
2,268

1 ,6 6 2
894
1 ,0 4 2
2 ,6 9 0
4 ,6 8 4
2 ,9 0 8
4 , 358

$ 2 .4 5
2.60

2 ,3 6 7
322

2.21

202
122

2.81
2.01
2.22

2.39
2.47
2.16
2.21

2.37
2.38
2.49

302
55
63

740
637
360
307
282
387
982
642
961

$3 .0 2
2.82
2.67
3.47
2.61
2.89
2.77
3.13
2.64
3.10
2.84
2.81
2.98

1 ,5 2 4
71
349
195
146
766
275
315

2.33
2.45
2.41
2.34
2.37
2.42
2.51
2.65

46
_
45
29
14
195
59
54

100
86

73
58
19
31
90
109
63
91

$ 2 .5 8
2.52
2.37
2.73
2.29
2.3 8
2.51

128
25
27
53
38
42

2.68

11

2.55
2.19
2 .6 4
2.61
2 .7 4

9
76
147

2.1 8
.

22

88

59

$ 2 .8 4
2.87
3.03
.
2.68

2.6 5
2.87
2.62
3.30
3.01
3.28
3.23
2.9 6

1 ,0 2 3
256
126

123
90
162
89
41
25
280
315
291
305

$ 2 .8 5
2.7 4
2.61
2.96
2.37
2.47
2.7 0
2.91
2 .7 4
2.5 0
2.51
2.51
3.09

456
74
37
180
81
74
48
23

2.61
2.17

165
.
53
13

120

135
95
191

-

2.95
2.86

2.16

2.30
1.96
1.97
2.21
2.22

2.19

2.86

-

-

2.82
2.60
-

-

68

43
-

-

100

2.47

56
48

2.66
2.88

W o m en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) — ---- —
G l u e r s , ro u g h s t o c k ------------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e --------------- -------- ---- — ------P a c k e r s , f u rn itu re —
— — —
—— —
__ —
- —
R u b b e rs, f u rn itu r e , hand
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h and_______________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e ----------------------------S p ra y ers — — — — — — — — — — — —

2 ,7 8 5
126
1 ,0 8 9
840
1 ,3 6 6
3, 313
1 ,0 8 8
1 ,2 6 9

2.16
2.13
1.96
2.15
2.02

2.04
2.15
2.30

2.02
2.12

2.07
2.03
2.09
2.20

.
14
16
21

34
18
23

S o u th e a s t
T im e w o rk e r s

2.42

70

-

2.70
2.59
2.4 0
2.5 4
2.47
2.59

6

24
49
126
.
26

2.22

2.47
2.43
-

2.3 5

21

109
39
31

S o u th w e st

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s

T im e w o r k e r s

1.88

1.98
1.99

_

G reat L akes

In c e n tiv e w o r k e r s

T im e w o rk e rs

_
.
_
2.78
-

-

_
7
P a c if i c

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s

T im e w o rk e r s

M en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) --------------- ___________ __________
C u t- off - s a w o p e r a t o r s ------------------- ---------------------G l u e r s , r o u g h s t o c k --------------------------------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y ---- ------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e — —
—
—
— —
_______ __________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e — — — — —— —
— -------- R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s — — — ----------------------------- _______ __________
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) -------- ------- —
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ________________________
S a n d e rs , f u rn itu re , ha nd—
.
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e 3 ---- -----------------------__________
B eItrniT T TTw T
T — Trwrt__
T
S p r a y e r s ------- ----------------------------------------------------—

3 ,5 9 1
596
656
434
2 ,3 1 7
1, 118
903
505
715
1 ,3 0 2
2 ,5 2 1
1 ,2 9 9
2, 152

$ 2.20
2.29
2.09
2.54
1.97

296
28
26

2.02

107
56
24
.

1 ,0 5 9
29
560
262
902
1 ,5 5 9
447
523

2.02
2.02

2.24
2.41
2.05
2.04
2.22
2.21

2.27

-

no

121

93
56

376
41
64
97
96
125
67
46
24
44
196
113
154

$ 1 .9 5
1.83
1.92
2.77
1.89
1.92
1.96

2.27
-

208
62
34

1.87
.

2.02

187
108
94

$ 2 .59
2.27
2.4 2
-

1.93
2.61
2.15
2 .5 4
2.31
2.31
2.26

2.11

1.98
1.75
2.07
2.08
2.05

265
27
15

$ 2 .3 0
2.55
2.31

1 ,1 5 5
232
249
204
341

no

22

2.86

2.2 4

116
46
46
116
.

2.12

112

2.4 0
2.47
2.4 8
2.4 0

315
59
26
41

2.13
_
1.97
.
2.31
2.29

68

120

154
116
248
466
362
543

$2.8 5
2.97
2.41
2.93
2.24
2.73
2.79
2.60
2.60
2.61
2.67
2.64

987
146
76
83
212

2.86

233
118
174
193
147
350
223
456

2.51
2.34
2.25
2.51
2.35
2.43
2.75
2.78

740
53
150
75
61
362
116
179

$ 3 .3 8
2.75
2.66

3.73
2.80
3.53
2.86

3.40
2 .6 4
3.22
3.03
2.92
3.11

887
171
85
99
314
139
114
9
49
354
366
230
395

$3.05
3.43
3.03
3.50
2.32
3.03
3.17
3.39
2.58
2.56
3.18
3.12
3.26

71
_
25
19
36

2.99
.
3.08
2.58

Wo m en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e (e x c e p t c h a i r s ) --------------G l u e r s , r o u g h s t o c k --------------------------------------------—
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ------- —
------------------ ---------- — —
P a c k e r s , f u r n i tu r e ---------------------------------------- ------__________
R u b b e rs, f u rn itu re , han d —
-------------- ------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , hand—--------- --------- -------- — —
S a n d e r s , f u r n i tu r e , m a c h in e — _ — ------- — ------- — —„-------------__________
S p r a y e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------

1.92
1.96
1.95
1.95
2.04
2.08

233
82
35
“

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and l a te s h if ts .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te ly .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c la s s if i c a t io n in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .

NOTE: D a sh e s in d ic a te no data r e p o r te d o r data that do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r ite r ia .




2.34
-

-

1.86

1.87
1.80
1.94
2.08

671
42
161
138
202

541
183
300

2.44
2.51
2.44
2.50
2.48
2.55
2.53
2.71

-

56

2.88
-

3.47

T a b le 10. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: A rkansas
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n s in wood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lster e d , m a n ufacturing e s ta b lis h m e n ts , O ctober 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s --------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - ti m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
Avenge $1.60 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .85 $ 1 .90 $ 1 .95 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .30 $ 2 .40 $2.50 $ 2 .60 $2 .7 0 $2.80 $2.90 $3.0 0 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 "$3770
hourly
and
fftfnlngff *
and
under
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2.30 $ 2 .40 $ 2 .50 $2.60 $ 2 .70 $2 .8 0 $2.90 $3.00 $3.1 0 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 o v e r

6 , 165

$2.16

3 ,7 1 0
2 ,4 5 5

2.20

293
182

2.09

111

12
6

364
196
168

371

2.11

190

1.94
2.29

7
7
-

-

7
7
-

238

2.13

-

-

80
45
53
49

2.06
1.84
2.07
2.03

7
7
-

-

18
33
27

1.87
2.00

7
7
7

-

10
10

18

418
218

221

200

380
159

479
173
306

319
173
146

136
79
57

505
314
191

506
278
228

507
316
191

682
434
248

435
320
115

388
262

33
26

74
72

18
9
9

24
3

24

36
28

32
16
16

27

10

8

27
9
18

29

21

4
4

19

1
26

7

2

-

7

7
7
-

12
12

70

9

17

4

19

19

16

18

18

17

9
9
-

6
2
1
1

-

3
-

2
2

5

9

2
2

15
15

8
2
6
6

8

14
14

4
4

3
3

1

2

-

-

-

-

5

-

4

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

3

1
2
1

1
1
1

1

-

4
4
-

-

4

-

6
2

5
3

11
10
1

2
1

2
2

3

_

_
-

1
1

_
3
3

_
4
4

6
6

230
156
74

143
99
44

93
72

9
_
9

9
_
9

5
_
5

.

4

9

4

-

1

-

-

2

2
1
10
8

_
4

126

72
47
25

62
44
18

44
29
15

26
25

2

2

4
_
4

_
_
_

_
_
_

5

2

4

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

1

_
-

4

1

-

_

_
_
_

_

1

_
_

1

1

3

_
5
5

_
5
4

_

_

_

1

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

1
2

_

2

21

17
17

15
12

7
7

3

1

12
11
1

14
13
1

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) —
T i m e ----------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e __________________________
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p ie c e s ( c a s e
goods) 1 b / ___________________________
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p ie c e s ( o th e r
th a n c a s e g o o d s ) -----------------------------T i m e ______________________________
S u b a s s e m b lie s________________________
T i m e ______________________________
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s , o th e r th a n
law n o r o u td o o r c h a i r s 3-----------------C u t- o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s __________________
T i m e ----------------------------------------------D o u b l e - e n d - tr i m m e r s a n d b o r in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------T i m e ----------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ---------------------------------------O liifirs , r o u g h s to r k
T i m e ______________________________
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y ---------T i m e ______________________________
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( s e t u p and o p e ra te )
T im a
. _ ..........
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(fe e d only) f a / --------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ___________________
T i m e ______ ________________________
I n c e n t iv e ---------------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i tu r e ______________________
T i m e ----------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e __________________________
P la n e r o p e ra to rs ( s e t up and
o p e ra te ) f b / ____________________________
P l a s t i c - t o p i n s t a l l e r s ( a ll
t i m e w o r k e r s ) ___
_ ___ _ _
R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s ______________________
T im e
I n c e n t iv e ---------------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d
o p e r a t e ) ------------------------------------------------T im e
_
_ ___
I n c e n t iv e __________________________
R u s h e r s , f u r n i tu r e , han d
T im e
S a n d e r s , f u r n i tu r e , h a n d _______________
T im e
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ----------------T i m e ______________________________

181

60
43
17
42
38
75
68

1.82
2.11
2.01

2.35
1.93
1.90
2.65
2.65

15

2.06

120

2.20

42
78
142
65
77

2.09
2.25
2.03
1.94

18

-

-

19
19
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

21
21

_
-

3

1.94

2
2

4

20

51
16
35
36
24
39
24
190

113

2.11

2.11

1.92
2.48
2.41
2.26
2.48
2.13
1.98
2.00
1.68

2.26
2.08

-

7
7
7
_

7

4

1

-

4

6
1

2
2

-

1

12
1
11

9
9
-

9
8
1

13
7

5

2

3

1
2
2

2
2

4
4

1

3
3

_

15

13
5

1

1

5

2
10

5
4

16

1
6

14
16

3
3

2

13
7

14

6

2

3

7
3

2
1

2

2

5
3
2

4

2

6

25
25

6

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

_

_

_

-

-

1

1

14
14

9
9
9
9
2
2

_
-

7
7
9
7

6
6

28
28

9
9

2
2
6
6

7
7

21
10
11

11

4
3

1
1

_

_

7
5

.

2

15
6

.

.

_
_

_
_

.
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

1

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_

6
6

11
11

1
1

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

1

1

1
1

3

_

2

2

_

_
_

_
_

2
1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

8

4

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

15
9

6
1

6

3

10
1

3

_

2

2

2

_

3
_
3

_
_
_

_

_

1

1

1

_

.

_

_

_

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

-

1

2

3

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

3

_

1

2

3

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

4

_

1

_

1

_

..

1

1

3

3

_

1

_

1

2

_

_

_

5

1

2

_

1

5

5

7

7

1

7

7

5
3
2
2

9
3
6

_

1

4
3

_

1

_

_

_

_

l

2

2
2

9
8

6

2
4
2
1
1

lr
5

5
4

3

1
10
8
1

2
7
3

1

1

1

2
1

19

21

26

11

12

17

20

1

4

8

5

8

3

'




.

1

1

See fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .

_
_

1

4
9
5
4

2

4
3
3

1

_
_
_

3

g
7
3
3

3

1

_

2
2

1
1

_
-

2

7
7
7
-

1
6

2
2
2
10
10

2.49

14
72
47
25

-

-

2.32
2.33

27

-

-

2
22

'

T a b le 10. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: A rk a n sa s— Continued
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccupations in wood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c e p t u p h o lster e d , m anufacturing e s ta b lis h m e n ts , O ctober 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n — C o n tin u e d
S a n d e r s , f u r n i tu r e , m a c h in e —
C o n tin u e d
B e l t __________________________________

Number
of
workers

102

43

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
Average $ 1 .60 $1.65 $ 1 .70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1 .9 0 $1.95 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .30 $2.40 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70
hourly l a n d
earnings
and
under
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $1.95 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2.30 $ 2 .4 0 $2.50 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $2.80 $ 2,90 $3,00 $ 3,10 $ 3 ,?o $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 o v e r

$2.41
2 05

88

70
18
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic ( s e t u p
a n d o p e r a t e ) -------------------------------------------

7
7

2
2

-

21
21

-

2
2

4
4

1

4
4
3

1

2

-

-

9
7

2 10
2 10

2.0 8

39

2.4 9

-

-

-

-

24

2 .5 7

_

_

_

_

137
61
76

2.4 3
2 .3 0
2 .0 8
2.4 7

41
15
26

2 .8 0
2.3 9
3.03

-

439
160

2.0 5
1.91

21
21

I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------------------------- 2 .1 3
279
C o m p le t e f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) ----------------------------------------------------- 2.0 8
305
I n c e n t i v e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 2.1 4
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 229 _ _
_ _
C o m p le t e f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s

-

-

-

-

I n c e n t iv e ---------------------------------------S haper o p e ra to rs , hand (se t up and
S p r a y e r s _________________________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ---------------------------------------T en o n er o p e ra to rs ( s e t up and
o p e r a t e ) ________________________________
T im p
I n c e n t iv e ----------------------------------------

-

_

5
1
6

4
7

4

3

-

_

4
2
11

-

_

7
7
-

-

_
-

-

-

16
4

8
2
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
2

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

5

86

-

-

5
13

2

5

12
1

3

-

6

-

-

-

83

8

9

_
l

3
1
2
1
1

11

5
15
15

11

4
3
1

29
16
13

3

3

3

3

8

7

8

3

l

l

3

3

_

1

_

1

1

-

6

1

-

l

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

4

7

1
12

5

8

4

3

g

2

3
1
10
8
2

-

5
3
14

6

1

_

l

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

3
_
3

l
_
l

_
_
_

_
_
_

>
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

1

_

_

1

1

1

3

4

-

1

-

-

1

1

1

3

44

-

_

_

_

5

2
2

14
5
9

12

7
_
7

2

5
_
5

2
1
1

2

7

3

5

-

2

2
1

l

19

18

3
9

12

_

5

2

_

4

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t
c h a i r s ) __________________________________
T i m e ----------------------------------------------

|r»tkf»r tkan r qp onnrl c j
a

60

1.89

T im p
46
1.78
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
S u b a s s e m b l i e s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 74 _ _ 2.05
T im e
38
2.11
G l u e r s , r o u g h s t o c k 1 3 / ----------------------------------24
a
20
1.97
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e -------------------------------56
2.25
T i m e __________________________________________ 6
16
2.1
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e _______________________________
71
1.91
T im fi
24
1.90
R n h h e r s, fu r n itu r e , h a n d ^ b /
2.11
66
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d -------------------------------2.0 6
229

90
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e -------------------------74
T im e
... ..
. __ . _ .
54
B e l t ______________________________________
30
T im e
_
__
14
44
O th e r th a n b e l t --------------------------------------_
T i m e _- _____ ___ __ ___ __ ___ _______
40
118
S p r a y e r s ------------------------------------------------------T im e
-- 83
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------------------------35

1.81

_

-

24

17

18

5

10

4

2

3

_

_

72

58
58

35
35

2
2

28
26

18

17

12

10

16
15

14
14

16
16

4
4

10
10

4
4

2
2

3
3

_

-

3

7

2

7
3

4
3

25

13

11

7

13

3

10
2

1

2

6

_

2
-

-

7
4

4

6

1

3

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_
_

l

1
1

_

1

_

6
i

>
_

2
-

12

_

1

_

2

_

2.11

_

-

2 .0 8
2 .1 9

-

-

-

-

2 .0 3
1.87

1

-

2 .0 4

7
-

~

2
2
2
2

2
12

8

7
1

3

6
1
1

11

2
2

3

2
2
2
2

2
1

3
2
2

12
2
12
11

3

-

7
5
4
14
15
10
11
10
1

2

-

7
7

-

2
2

9
9

10

15

-

9
1

6

10
8

9

4

2

1

5

_

11

19

3

_

9
18
2

5
7

j

12

13

3

1

9
7

1

6

2
1

1

4

_

1

7

_

_

_

-

-

_
.

_

_

-

_

1

_
_
_
_

1

-

-

_

_

1
1

6

_

_

_

_
_

1

4

j

l

_

_

1

!

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

"

2

9
4
5

5
4

1

1

_

2
1

12

6

-

7
5

5

-

4

10
-

_
_

12

2

-

_

10
10
6

-

5
-

l

3

_

12

32

»

3

4
_

3

18

2

-

-

15
15

7

2.22
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ----------------------------------9
23
T y p is ts , c l a s s B --------------------------------------------------- 2.05

_

37

_

2.11

-

2
20

1

-

2.3 8

1

16
16

38
36

12
12
8
8
6
6
2
2

1
_

_

4

2

2

7
7

-

2

5

4

_
_

2

q
7

12
12
2
2
2

6

-

2

2.12

2

12

21
21

_

2.12

_

12

2

5
5

-

28
16

81

34
17
17

3

2

12

29
3
26

2

74

47
7
40

36

-

5

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

23
21
2

3

3

3

2

_

1

_

3
3

3

3

3

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

S e l e c t e d o f f ic e o c c u p a t io n s — w o m e n

59

1
2
3
4

2
-

-

2

-

-

3

1

29
4
3

4
3
4

-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h if ts .
I n s u f f ic ie n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n of s e p a r a te a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d of w ag e p a y m e n t; (a) p re d o m in a n tly t im e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m in a n tly in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .
W o rk e r s p a id u n d e r tim e a n d in c e n tiv e s y s te m s w e r e d iv id e d e q u a lly .
W o rk e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 3 a t $ 3 .8 0 to $3 .9 0 ; and 1 a t $3.90 to $4.




"

-

-

T a b le 11. O ccu p a tion a l earnings: Chicago, III.1
(N u m b e r an d a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld fu r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o ls t e r e d , m a n u fa c t u r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , O c t o b e r 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

A l l p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s ______________________
M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n _______________________________________

Average $1.60 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80
hourly ,
and
earnings2
u n der

$1.85 $1.90 $1.95 $2 .0 0 $2 .1 0

$2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90

$3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70

$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85

O c c u p a tio n an d s e x

Number
of
workers

$1.90 $1.95 $2 .0 0 $2 .1 0 $2 .2 0

$2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $ 2 .9 0 $3.00

$3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 o v e r

2 ,2 6 6
1,58 8
678

$2.72
2.85
2.42

20
2

12

-

17
17

18

12

"

20 0

2.74
2.74
2.76

-

-

-

2.81
2.83
2.78
2.58
2.58
2.98
2.98

-

.

and

50
47
3

21

65
45
20

17
13
4

110

159
78
81

144
73
71

115

5
16

47

159
99
60

-

-

-

-

12
12

5
5

25

4

12

21

1

4

-

3

5
7

183
73

68

86

83
65
18

125
97
28

114
109
5

16
16
_

35
35

11

25

6

5

22
2

4

12
8

16
16

19
19

5
3

1

11
11

t

_

_
_

_

6
6

7
4

4
3

8
8

_

1

3
3
3

2

63
23

161

127
34

140

157
96

102

61

38

90
71
19

79
76
3

2

2

12
10
2

5
4

7
5

2

2

2

29
29

36
36

33
33

_
_

4
4

8
8

171
164
7

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a t io n s — m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , fu r n it u r e (e x c e p t
c h a i r s ) 3 ________________________________________
T im e
_____
_ _ _ _ _
In c e n tiv e _________________________________
C o m p le te fu r n it u r e p ie c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) ______________________________
T im e
S u b a s s e m b li e s
_ __
T im e ______________________________________
C u t-o ff-s a w o p e rato rs
_
_ _
T im e ______________________________________
D o u b l e - e n d - t r i m m e r s an d b o r i n g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
T im e
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to ck __________________________
T im e
M a in t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t ilit y
(a ll tim e w o rk e rs )
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e .
....
......
T i m e _______
_ _
P a c k e r s , fu r n i t u r e .
T im e _____ _
________ ______
R ip s a w o p e r a t o r s ____________________________
T i m e ______________________________________
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up an d o p e r a t e ) __
T i m e ______________________________________
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly )_______________
T im e ______________________________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e . h a n d 5 a/
S a n d e rs , fu rn itu re , h a n d 5
!!”/.______________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e 5 a/__________
T im e _______________________ ~ ___________
B e lt_
_
_
T im e
_ ... ...
O th e r th an b e lt
T i m e ______________________________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , han d (s e t u p and
o p e r a t e ) ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) _______________
S p r a y e r s ---------------------------------------------------------T i m e ______________________________________
Incenti v e

165
35
120

89
31
64
60
71
45
10

9
13
12

15
25
22

57
54
26
19
55
52
11
10
11
61

126
93
85
53
41
40

3.03
3.00
2.52
2.52
2.87
2 .2 0

2.18
2.39
2.38
2.64
2.73
2.84
2.84
2.30
2.33
3.00
2.27
2.89
2.77
2.93
2.73
2.82
2.82

109
74
35

2.81
3.07
3.11
2.98

232
171

2.35
2.39

150

2.24

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

15

3

11

1
2

4
9
9

5
5

10
10

4
-

2

_

_

_

5
5

_
_
-

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

_
_
_

-

5
5
6
6

-

6
6

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

j

3
3
-

_
-

1

3
3
-

_

_

1

_
_

16
-

3

-

4
3
5
3

_
_
_

o
4

-

-

_
3
_

8
2
6

1

2

3

1

12
12

3
3

2
1
1

-

1
1
6
6

1

_

_

_

10

17

_
_
_
_
_
_

1

2
2

5

_

_
_
_

6

4
4

_
_

2

1

2

7
7

1

1
1
2
2

2
2
6
6

1

_

2
2
8
8
2
2

_

1

3

19
19
_

1
1

1

6

4
4

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

6
6

_

_
_

10
10
2
2
2

_

2

_
_

_

10

9

4

1

5
3

10
10

2

9
9
9

_
_
_
_
_
_

4

12

2
2

9
4

2
2

8
8

_

5

_

_

_

2
2

12

6
6

10

_

_

3

“

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
9
9

2

12

_

1
1

1

44

2
2

2
2

4
4

1
1

_

2
2

”
_

1

7
4
7
4

2

_

4

1

1
1

1

12

1

_
_

8
8

_
4

3
3
7
7

4
4

2

3
_
_
_

2
2

6

1

_

4
3

_

-

1

11

3
3

-

-

3
3

6

2
2

14
14
7
7
7
7

_

_

3

4
4
_

-

5

4

6
6
8
2

10
10
6
6

-

8

6

6
6
6
6

-

13

1

_
_
_

5
5
5
5
_

-

9
9

5

30

2

16
21

5
2

4
4

_
_
_

7
9
9

"
_

1

6

5

1
1
1

3

2

6

3

3
2
2

\

_

4
14

8

3

2

613

7

2
2

6

10

19
17

3

5
5

4

1

2

3

3

-

3

2

13
-

8

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a t io n s —
w om en
A s s e m b l e r s , fu r n it u r e (e x c e p t
c h a i r s ) 3 --------------------------------------------------------T i m e ______________________________________
C o m p le te fu r n it u r e p ie c e s
(c a s e g o o d s ) 5 a / _
_ _

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




-

-

-

-

3
-

9
-

6

1

-

-

3

9

6

46
36

50
46

16

21

21

10

18

14

6
2

6

42

34

15

9

6

3

2

7

2
1

1

4

_

22
21

6
6

7
7

7

~

6

3

4

T a b le 11. O ccu pa tion a l earnings: Chicago, III.1
----Continued
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccu p ation s in wood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lste r e d , m an u fa ctu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , O ctober 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
O c c u p a tio n and s e x

Number
of
workers

Average $1.60 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $1.95 $2 .0 0
hourly
earnings ‘ and

$2 .1 0 $2 .2 0

$2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3730 $3740 $3750 $3760

$2 .2 0 $2.30

$2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 o v e r

and

under
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85

$1.90 $1.95 $2 .0 0 $2 .1 0

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w o m e n — C o n tin u ed
A s s e m b l e r s , fu r n it u r e (e x c e p t
c h a i r s ) 3— C on tin u ed
S u b a s s e m b li e s ---------------------------------------T i m e _____________________________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ------------------------------------T i m e ______ ____________________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ______________ __
T im e _____________________________________
S a n d e r s , fu r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ------------------T im e _____________________________________
B e lt 5 b / _________________________________
O th e r than b e lt _________________________
T im e _____________________________________
S p r a y e r s ________________________________________
T im e _____________________________________

19
46
43

$2.48
2.47
2.28
2.26
2.69
2.49
2.43
2.59
2.49
2.40
2.44
2.81
2.81

22

2 .6 8

67
58
47
43
49
27
35
25
14
21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

-

'

2
2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1
1
6

-

1

4
3

16
15

1
1

6
6

15
14

6
6
1
1

8
8
2
2
2
2

-

10
10

4
4
-

2

2

12
12
6
6

-

2

-

-

“

-

-

3

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

"

~

-

"

2
12
12

2
2

"

“

-

3
2
1

-

6

1

-

-

2

-

5
5

1

-

-

-

9

1

1
1

-

-

-

4

2

-

12
12

-

-

-

3

-

-

1

1
1

-

-

1

-

-

-

4
3

2

3

1

■

1

10

15
15
6
6
6

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

-

-

-

-

5
5
24
24

“

-

5
5

"

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

-

-

-

“

_

S e le c te d o ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ______________________________

1

2
3
4
5
6

2

10

3

-

T h e C h ic a g o S t a n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a c o n s its o f C oo k , D u p a g e , K a n e , L a k e , M c H e n r y , and W i l l C o u n tie s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
In c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s ifi c a t i o n in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a t e ly .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s : 3 at $3.70 to $3.80; and 1 at $4 to $4.10.
I n s u ffic ie n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a t io n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m eth o d o f w a g e p ay m en t; ( a ) p re d o m in a n tly t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b ) p re d o m in a n tly in cen tiv e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 1 at $3.70 to $3.80; 7 at $3.90 to $4; 3 at $4 to $4.10; an d 2 at $4.10 to $4.20.




-

-

3

1
1

T a b le 12. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: Evansville, Ind.—K y .x
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu p a tio n s in wood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c e p t u p h o lster e d , m anufacturing e s ta b lis h m e n ts , O ctober 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o P ~
O c c u p a tio n an d s e x

A i l p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s -------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings 1
2

1, 109
754
355

$2.44
2.39
2.54

89
33

2 .0 1

$1.60 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50
and
u n d er
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60

33
17
16

13
12
1

11
6

23

5

13

-

5
5
-

10

31
26
5

11

78

9

68
10

2

29
18

104
82

11

22

5
5

2
2

7

-

2
2

3
3

59
54
5

10

64
51
13

59
49

32
26

92
65
27

6

72
42
30

91
53
38

101

100

47
54

40
60

48
32
16

$3.60
and
over

4
4
-

10
8
2

10

8

1

5
5
-

3

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

I

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

27
19

9

2
2

-

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n it u r e (e x c e p t
c h a ir s ) 3
.. .......................
_ _ ..
T im e -----------------------------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n it u r e p ie c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) ------------------------------------------T im fi
S u b a s s e m b li e s 4 a / ---------------------------------G l u e r s , ro u g h s t o c k 4 b / ----------------------------------M a in t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y -------------T im e ___________________________________________
O f f - Kp a r p r p j m a rV)i np

40
9
46
8

14
12

31
29

R i p - s a w n p p ratn rR

11

S a n d e r s , fu r n i t u r e , m a c h in e -------------------T im e -----------------------------------------------------B e l t ___________________________________________

34
25
45
29
36
23
9

10

tKan K flt
T im e -----------------------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , hand (s e t u p and
o p e r a t e ) 4 b / -------------------------------------------------S p r a y e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------T irp®
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s (s e t u p and
o p e r a t e ) 4 b / ---------------------------------------------------------

2.46

2.63
2.08
2.28
2.46
2.99
2.82
1.99
1.96
2.13
2.06
2.13
1.98
2.35
2 .0 1

2.38

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
-

_

5

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

3
3

1
1
1
1
1

5
-

5

-

-

5
5
5
5

7
7
5
5

.

_

2 .0 2
2 .2 2

1

1

3
_

21
_

7

_

_

8
_

1
_

_

2
1

2
2

-

-

2

16

4

7

_

1

3

5

_

1

5

_
-

3
3

4
4

4

2
2
2

2
2
2
2

_

2
2

5
4
5
4

_

-

2
2
2
2

_

-

_

1

2

_

_

_

_

1
1

3
3

_

1

2

5

_

2
2

4
4

2

3

2

3
3
5
5

-

1
1
-

4

15
15
3
3
3
3

-

1
1

1
1

-

9
8

7

-

1
1

-

2
1

2
1
1
1

1

16
16
-

8

_

2
_

1
1

-

1
1
-

1
_

1
1
_

1
_

-

-

-

_

2
2

-

1
-

2
-

1

1

2

_

3

_

_ _

-

-

1

2
1

1

-

4

2

-

1

1

3
3

1
1

_

_

_

1

1
_

_

_

4
4

2
-

4

1
_

1
_

_

_

_

4

1

1

_
_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
-

2

_

_

_

-

5

1

_

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

2
1

9

1
1

6

1.97

-

-

6

2.60
2.44
2.13

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

3
3

5
5

-

-

1
1
1

-

44
26

8
8

3
3

11

2.87

-

-

-

-

"

-

1

-

-

1

8

2.27
2.18

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

2
2

_

15

-

1

1

-

-

-

1
1

3
-

4

-

-

-

7

2.90

"

"

"

-

"

2

-

"

1

-

-

-

-

"

-

1

6
1

_

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e 5 -----------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n it u r e 4 a/--------------------------------S e le c te d o ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l --------------------------------------------

1 T h e E v a n s v i l l e S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f V a n d e r b u r g h and W a r r i c k
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e rt im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .

I n c lu d e s d a ta fo r w o r k e r s in c la s s ific a t io n in ad dition to th o se show n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 I n s u f fic ie n t d ata to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n o f s e p a ra t e a v e r a g e s b y m eth o d o f w a g e p ay m en t; (a )
5 W o r k e r s p a id u n d e r tim e and in cen tive s y s t e m s w e r e d iv id ed e q u a lly .

C o u n tie s ,

In d .,

and H e n d e r s o n C ou n ty ,

Ky.

3




p re d o m in a n tly t i m e w o r k e r s ,

o r (b )

p re d o m in a n tly in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .

T a b le 13. O ccu p a tion a l earnings: G ardner, M a ss.1
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccupations in w ood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lster e d , m a n ufacturing e s ta b lish m e n ts , O ctob er 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n an d s e x

Average $1.60 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40
hourly , and
earnings
and
u n d er

$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 o v e r

1,5 3 5
1,2 2 5
310

$2.73
2.82
2.37

64
26

A l l p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s - _____ - — —
M e n _ __________ _____ ______ _________ _
_
_
W om e n ------------------------------------------------------

2 .8 8

23
16
7

1
1

9

21

57
36

88

"

9

109
91
18

73
49
24

90
81
9

11

83
67
16

73
67

21

85
35

63
52

22

33
17
16

120

3
18

48
26

7

37
18
19

97

2

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

9

-

-

8

2

2

8

6

61
47
14

36
28

112

8

22

72
63
9

82
76

72
70

6

2

3
3

2
2

7
5

1

1
1

2

1

£

90

58
55
3

35
34

1

2

6

3
3

2
2

_

(y

3
43

3

1

_

3
3

_
_
_

19
17

51
46
5

S e le c t e d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n

A s s e m b l e r s , fu r n it u r e (e x c e p t
c h a ir s ) 3 ______________________ ____

3.65

C o m p le te fu r n it u r e p ie c e s
37
S u b a s s e m b li e s ------ --------------- -----

—

A s s e m b l e r s , c h a ir s , o th e r than
la w n o r o u td o o r c h a ir s
( a l l in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) ___________ _______
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s -------------------- ___
T i m e — -------- - - _ _ _ _ _ ___
D o u b l e - e n d - t r i m m e r s and b o r i n g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s 5 a/ ------ -------G l u e r s , ro u g h s t o c k —----- ------- ----- ----- ---T im e — -------- ------------------------Inc e n t iv e ___ ____________ ____ ________
M a in t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t ilit y
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------- ------------- —-------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e — ----_ _
__
_
_
_
T im e _ __________ __ ________ ________
I n c e n t iv e -------------------—— ----------------P a c k e r s , fu r n i t u r e ------------- --------- ----- —----R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s ------------------ ----------------I n c e n t iv e ----------------------------—-------------- ---R u h V ip rs ,

fiir n it u rf* ,

hand

__

S a n d e r s , f u r n it u r e , hand—--------- — ______ —
I n c e n t iv e -----------— — _ —
------- —
S a n d e r s , fu r n i t u r e , m a c h in e — ____ —
T im e
I n c e n t iv e ------ —
—
_
—

O t h e r than b e l t ----------------------- —----------------T im e - — _
_ — —
------------------In ce n tiv e —— — — —
——
—
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic (s e t up
and o p e r a t e )----------------------- —----------------- —

2.84
4.02

36

3.35
2.80
2.34
3.26

22
11
11
11

15
9
6

15
35
18
17
19
14
22

17
12

7
19
10

99
14
85
48
44
41
10

41

2.25
2.77
2.29
3.50
2.74
2.41
2.07
2.77
2.84
3.11
3.09
3.15
3.1 3
3.50
2.72
3.37
3.53
2.61
3.68
3.63
3.71
3.43
2.58
3.64

Indent"*""
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s (s e t up and

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




22

3.58
3.71
3.06
2.82
3.26

7

rn
„r_„
P r a yeT ; _

7

2 .8 8

20
8

2.93

11
10

41
19

7

g

_

_

_

_

_

7

_

_

_

2

_

_

2

_

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

_
-

1

3
2
1

_
_

1

-

-

7
7

_
_

2

_
_
-

_
_

-

_
_

3
3
_

1

1

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

-

1
1

_

-

7
-

_

_

-

_

_
_

1
1

_

_
_

4
2
2

1

7
7
_
-

1

1

_
-

_

_
_

_

_
-

-

1

_

.

_

-

-

3
1
2

_
-

1

3

_

1
2

1
2

2

5
4

_
_

1

-

-

_

_

1

1

3

-

1

1
1

2
2

1

2

_

1
1
1

2
2

_
_
_

_
_
-

2

_
_

_
-

1
1
1

1

4
-

6
1

_
_
_

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

1
2

.

1
2
1
1

2

2
2

5
4

1
1

3
3

-

2
2
2

-

2
2

1

3

_

1
1
1
1

2
1
1

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

1
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

7

1

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

-

-

_
.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
_

_
_

_
_

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
_

_

_
-

1
_

1
1

_
1
2
1
1

_

1

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

5

2
1

1
1

1
2

5
4
1

1
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

1
1

2
1

3
3

2
2

2

4

1
1

6
2

3
3
2

-

1
-

1

_
-

-

-

1

-

1
1
_
_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

4
3

_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_

1
1

1
1
_
1

1
1

_

-

_
_

1
1
_

_

_
-

_

1
1
11
2

2

3
1
2
1
1
2
2
2
_
_

1

3

2

1

1

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

62

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
1
1

_
6

1

_
1

1

_
_
_

1

-

_
_
_

_

2
1

_

_

_

1

_
_
_
_

1
1

_
2

_

-

2

1

1

2
2

_

4
3

2
2

_

2

-

2

-

_

_

_

1

_

1
_

_

5
5

_

_

_
_

1
1

9

2
1
1

«.

-

1
1

12
-

10
_

8
_

9
_

_

9

11
1
10

1
1
11
_

12

11

10

8

7

4

5

3

4

9
5

77

5
5

7
4

4

5
6
_

4
4

5
4

2

1

8
_

3
7

1

w

_

_

_

4

3

8

6

7

4

4

2

-

2
2

-

3

1

-

-

3

l

5

4

7

4
4
g

1

\

7

3
5

2

1

3
1

8
6

6

_
_

2
2

4
_
-

1

3
_

.
_
_

_

1
1

3

1

9
7

1

T a b le 13. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: Gardner, M a ss.1
----Continued
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n s in w ood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lster e d , m anufacturing e s ta b lish m e n ts , O ctob er 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
O c c u p a tio n and s e x

Number
of
workers

Average $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0
hourly * and
earnings
and
u n der
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0

over

S e le c t e d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ----------------------------T im e ——————— —
—— — ——
P a c k e r s , fu r n it u r e ( a l l in c e n tiv e
_ —
_
— — —
— _ _
_
w o rk e rs) —
S a n d e r s , fu r n i t u r e , hand-------------------------Inc enti v e — _________ _______ __________
S a n d e r s , fu r n i t u r e , m a c h in e 5 b / -----------

18
12

$ 2 .3 9
2 .00

_
-

.
-

-

_
_

_
-

1
1

2
2

5
5

_
_

3
3

2
1

12
57
9
9

2.65
1.96
2.76
2 .50

7
-

-

7
-

14
-

9
-

1
-

_
_

_
_

8
1

-

"

-

-

"

3
1
1

-

-

-

_
_
3

26
6
7

2.15
2 .32
2.31

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

1
1

9
1

8
-

3
_

_

_

_

2
_
_
3

4
_
_
-

3
_

1
-

1

2

_

_

_

-

2
1
1
-

2
2
2
-

_

2
2
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

1
1

_
_

_

_

2
1
_

_
1
1

_
_
_

-

-

.

_

1
1
-

1

_
_
_

_

2

-

_

_

_

1

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

S e le c t e d o ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a ]__________—________________ —
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _———————— —
—
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l—
-----------—

_

_

_

1

_
2

2

1
2

1

1
'

1
2
3
4
5

*
7

T h e G a r d n e r a r e a in c lu d e s A s h b u r n h a m , A th o l, B a ld w in v ille , G a r d n e r , and W in ch en d on .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c la s s ifi c a t i o n in ad dition to those s h o w n s e p a ra t e ly .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 2 at $ 4 .8 0 to $ 5; and 1 at $ 6 to $ 6.20.
I n s u ffic ie n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a t io n o f s e p a ra t e a v e r a g e s b y m eth o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t; (a ) p re d o m in a n tly t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b ) p re d o m in a n tly in cen tiv e w o r k e r s .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 4.40 to $ 4.60.
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s ; 4 at $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; 2 at $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 ; and 1 at $ 5.60 to $ 5.80.




'

_
"

“
'

T a b le 14. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: Grand R apids, M ich .1
(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations in wood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c e p t u p h o lster e d , m an u factu rin g e s ta b lish m e n ts , O ctober 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
O c c u p a tio n and s e x

Number
of
workers

Average $1.60 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80
hourly
and
and
earnings 2
un d er
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 o v e r

A l l p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s ------------------------------

1,651
1, 241
410

$2.70
2.81
2.36

6

6

4

4

2

2

142

2.94
2.90
3.06

-

-

33

W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------

57
39

3.09
3.01

43
41
27
14
17
14

2.93
2.73
2.70
2.77
2.69
2.64

10

9

31
15
16

13
5

36
14

8

22

7
5

-

-

-

-

40
19
21

47
28
19

73
40
33

2
2

2
2

5
5

113
59
54

86

46
40

125
78
47

129
84
45

95
74

3.04
3.07

12

21

123
97
26

99
89

92
84

10

8

126
119
7

108
95
13

76
67
9

72
72

8

7
4
3

15

4
4

4

12
11
1

2

8

6

3

6

5

1

57
57

30
30

12
12

13

6

3
2
1

2
1
1

1

4

2

1

31
30
1

12
1

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , fu r n it u r e (e x c e p t
c h a ir s ).,
____________ _ _____
_

109

_

4

4
4

2
2

14
13

5
3

9
7

5
3

6

14

4

2

2

16
13
3

16

2

2

2

2

2
2

12
10

10

4

_

-

9

1

9

4

2

3

9
5

4
-

-

3

5
4

2
2
2

2
2

-

1

_

1
1

1
1

11

2

C o m p le t e fu r n it u r e p ie c e s
T i m e ---------------------------------------------------C o m p le t e f u r n it u r e p ie c e s (o t h e r

1

-

1

See fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .




17

2.48

22

3.39
3.37
2.18
2.16
2.55
2.49

12

41
38
42
38

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

1

3

3
_

_

3
4
4
-

2

3

1
1

-

6

_

5

5

2

3

5

1

5

2

1

2

1

-

1

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
2
2
2

5
3

2

-

-

5

1

-

-

1

-

1

2

6

-

3

1

-

-

-

2

-

1

1

-

-

1

2

1
1

-

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

4

4

4

2

1

-

-

1

2

4

1

1

2

l

3

1

-

4
3

1

2

2

1

1

-

2

2
2

2

-

-

4
4
-

2
2
1
1

3
3

2
2

-

4
4

1

-

2
2

1

2 .6 8

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

19

2.99
2.84
3.01
3.06

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

11

2 .8 8

6

2.64
2.42
2.34
2.92

-

1
1
-

2 .8 8

-

-

2

2
2

5
4

4
4

2
2

13
13
5
4

1
1

1
1

41
30

2
2
2
2

2
2

-

-

2

-

1
1

2

2
2

2.58
2.59

2.95
2.92
2.82
2.77

2

2

_

7

44
38
65
61
49
46
16
15

2

.

22
21

12

1

-

3.01

13

1

1

_

3
T i m e ---------------------------------------- --------Su ba s s e m b lie s ----------------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------T i m e _____________________________________
D o u b l e - e n d - t r i m m e r s an d b o r i n g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------T i m e _____________________________________
G l u e r s , r o u g h sto c k
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------------------- —
M a in t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t ilit y
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) _________ _______________
M o ld in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s
\S6 i u p a n a o p e ra t e )
T i m e _____________________________________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e --------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------------------P a c k e r s , fu r n i t u r e -------------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------------------P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s (s e t u p and
o p e r a t e ) ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ---------------------R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------T i m e _____________________________________
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up and
o p e r a t e ) _______________________________________
T i m e _____ ________________ _____________
R u b b e r s , fu r n i t u r e , h a n d -------------------------T i m e _____________________________________
I n c e n t i v e ---------------------------------------------R u b b e r s , fu r n i t u r e , m a c h in e
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------------------------------------S a n d e r s , fu r n i t u r e , han d--------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------------------S a n d e r s , fu r n i t u r e , m a c h in e -------------------T i m e ----------------------- -------------------------B e l t ------------------------ -------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------------------O th e r than b e l t ---------------------------------------T i m e ----------------------------------------------------

1

.

_

-

-

2
2
-

-

4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
-

1
1

2
1
6
6

2
1
1
1

-

3
3

-

-

-

1
1

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

-

1
1

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4
-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2
2
2

-

3
2
1
2
6

5
3
3
1
1
2
2

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

1
1

3
3
-

1
1
6

1

2

2
1

5
5

3

2
2

1

-

-

4

7
7
5
5

1

-

2

1
1

2

1

-

7
7

-

3

1

-

1
1

2
1
1

4

4
4

-

6

5

2

2

-

1

1

3

2
1
1
1

1

1

4
4

-

1

1

3
3
-

-

4

5
4

2

1

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

1

11
11

14
14
13
13

8
8

6
6

1

2

-

-

8
8

7
7

5
5

1

1

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

3
3

2
1

1
1

1

2
2

1
-

1

2
1 •

4
4
-

-

1

3

-

1

-

-

2
1

-

-

1

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

1

-

-

T a b le 14. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: Grand Rapids, M ich .1
— Continued
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n s in wood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lste r e d , m an u fa ctu rin g e s ta b lish m e n ts , O ctober 1971)

©

$3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3."6o $3.70 $3.80

o

$2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00

$3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 o v e r

and
w

$1.65 $ 1 ,7 0 $1,75 $1.80 $1,85 $ 1 ,9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $ 2 ,7 0 $?,80 $ 2 ,9 0 $3,00 $3.10

V*

$1.60 ? U 6 5 H T 70 $1.75 $1.80 11785 $1790 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0
and
un der

V*
y>

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
Avenge
O c c u p a tio n and s e x

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o ccu patio n s-—
m e n — C on tin u ed
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , han d ( s e t up
an d o p e r a t e )__________________________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------------S p r a y e r s --------------------------------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s (s e t u p and
o p e r a t e ) ------------------------------------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------------------------

20
19
82

66
11
9

$3.06
3.04
2.79
2.70

5
5
-

-

"

-

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

2
2

2
2

1
1

-

-

2
2

7
7

12
12

3.31
3.20

10
8
1
1

3
3
5
3

1
1

2
2

11

9

4
3

4
4
5
3

_

1
1

1
1

2
2

.

2
2

1
1

5
3

_

.

2
1

5

3

_
_

2

1

-

2
2

_

2
2
1
1

_
_

_
1
1

1

2
2

-

1

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o cc u p a tio n s —
w om en
A s s e m b l e r s , fu r n it u r e (e x c e p t
c h a ir s ) 3 ------------------------------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------------------S u b a s s e m b li e s _____________________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e 4 _____________________
S a n d e r s , fu r n i t u r e , hand___________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) 3 -----------------------------------B e l t __________________________________________
S p r a y e r s ---------------------------------------------------------

45
31
14
39
27

12
14
65

61

2.58
2.52
2.73
2.62
2.53
2.82
2.23
2.15
2.16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

1
-

-

2

-

13

-

"

-

-

-

11

7
7

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

■

“

2
2

2
2

10
10

6
2

4
3

4
4

1

3
7
5

1
1
_

4
4

5
3

2
_

2
1

_

2

1
1
-

4
4

3

1

11
11
-

2
2
.

1
2
1
1

3

2

2

11
11

8
8

4
4

2
2
-

1
1
1
1

3

2
2

11
11
-

4
3

-

1
2

1
1
2
1

_

1

-

4
3

9

3

4

_

2

1

1
1
1

_

_

-

_

1
1

i

"

1
1

1

1

2
2

2
1

_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

.

.

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

1
2
1
1

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

1
1
_

-

"

"

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_

_

1
1

2
-

4
1
1
-

_

10
21
18

2.55
2.49
2.37
2.32

4
4
4
4

“

*

2
2

■

1

1

1
_
1
1

_
_

_

_

_

"

-

'

14

'

S e le c te d o ffic e o cc u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l-------------------------------------------C le r k s , p a y r o l l --------------------------------------------

20

6

2.53
2.98

2
1

1 T h e G r a n d R a p id s S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s of K ent and O ttaw a C o u n tie s .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e rt im e and fo r w o r k on w eek en d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
3 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c la s s ific a t io n in ad d itio n to those show n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 In s u f fic ie n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n o f s e p a ra t e a v e r a g e s b y m eth o d o f w a g e p ay m en t; p re d o m in a n tly




1

tim e w o rk e rs .

1

2

1

T a b le 15. O ccu pa tion a l earnings: H icko ry—Statesville, N .C .1
(N u m b e r a nd a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1971)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

Number
of
workers

$1.60 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $ 1 .80 $1.85
and
under
$1.65 $ 1 .70 $1.75 $ 1 .8 0 $1.85 $ 1 .90

$ 1 .90

$ 1 .95

$ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .10

$ 2.20

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .40

$2.50

$2.60

$2.70

$2.80

$ 2 .90

$3.00

$3.10

$1.95

$ 2 .00

$ 2 .1 0 $ 2.20

$2.30

$2 .4 0

$2.50

$2.60

$2.70

$2.80

$ 2 .90

$3.00

$3.10

$3.20 $3.30 o v e r

996

82
75
7

45
39

33
31

6

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

■
-

■
~
■
■
'
“
■
'
~
-

72
48
24

97
61
36

202

130
72

185
96
89

415
149
266

477
238
239

505
267
238

512
254
258

1434
846
588

1153
874
279

1081
924
157

901

957
891
66

1060
1034
26

787
771
16

555
550
5

380
375
5

218
214
4

139
138

95

843
421

2 . 38

_
-

_
-

2

10

10

68

121

111

5

11

25

43

42

99
48

130
87

99
78

47
35

37
33

15
9

3

-

19
4

46

-

14
-

12

-

169
253
84
78
106

2.
2.
2.
2.

-

-

31
47
3
3
-

29
40

30

27

2

5
5

9
9
17

9
3
3
3
27

1

16

16
5

1

21

3
4
4

-

12

5
4

1

1

3

6

-

2

1
8

4

1
2

-

14
-

4
-

8

~
■

1

3
97
59
38

5
7
ii
i
i
33
18
15

5
■
3
■
4
5
-

8 ,9 0 6

2 ,4 7 9

$3.20 $3.30
a nd

$ 2 .2 7
2. 34
2 . 01

1 1 ,3 8 5
W o m e n --------------------------------------------------------------

Avenge
hourly 2
earnings

1

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e (e x c e p t c h a i r s ) -------------C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) -------C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s ( o th e r th a n
c a s e g o o d s ) -------- ------------------------------------------S u b a s s e m b l i e s ------------------------------------------------A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s 3 ------------------------------------------O th e r th a n la w n o r o u td o o r c h a i r s ----------------C u t- o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------------D o u b l e - e n d - tr i m m e r s a n d b o r in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s — -----------------------------------------G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k —-----------------------------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ----------------------M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e ra te ) —— — — __-__________ ____ ____ _
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly )-------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e -----------------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ----------------------------------------------P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ---------------P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly )-------------------------- -—
R ip -sa w o p e r a t o r s _________________________ ______
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ---------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly )---------- ---------- --------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ---------- -— ----------- ------- R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e - ---------------------------—
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d - — ----- -— --------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e -----------------------------B e l t ______________________________________ ____
O th e r th a n b e l t -----------------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic ( s e t up
a n d o p e ra te )
--------- ---------- -— ---------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t up
a n d o p e ra te ) — — --------------------------------------------- —
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d (fe e d o n l y ) --------------------S p ray e r s
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly )--------------------------—

56
155
101

58
26
639
280
44
23
205
127

2 .4 8
38
20

18
20

2 .4 8

3

2

2

8

8

11

5

5

20

14

27
15
15

35

.
-

13
5
5
6

6

6

5

-

-

10

10
6

18
5
.

2. 76
2 . 10
2 .0 3
2 . 12
2 .5 7
2 .4 3
2 .5 4
2 .2 6
2 . 20
2 .3 1
2 . 10
2 .4 2
2 .5 2
2. 37

69

2 .6 3

59
28
518
74
14

2 .6 0
2. 30
2 .4 1
2 .6 9
1 .9 7

162
43

2 .0 5
2 . 11

20

2 . 09
2 .0 2

199
70
259

1 .9 4
2 .0 5
2 . 00
1 .9 6
1 .9 3
1 .9 6

12

2.12

213
119
262
703
259
444

10
6
6

-

-

_
.
_
-

16

10

-

2 .5 7
2 .2 9
2 .5 4

2 .0 1

2

2
1

6

4
1

_
_
-

11

18
_
18

-

-

-

-

5

-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

.

1
21

16
9
16
7
5

2

62
7
3
6

9
21
6

5

3
4
50
8

5
-

4
-

28
-

-

7
172
42
14
5
4

1

31
28
3
-

10
6

1
12
1

24

28

10

10
1

1

21
2

4
133
49
2

14
2
1

7

1

21
8

18
14

4
76
52
7
15

4
4
34
24
3

10

30

6
8

6

8
1

5
18
12

9
18

1

35

2

8

31
23

4

7
25

13

22

16

5

11

1

-

3

1
2

28
32
-

2
16

20

18
9
72
27
45

115
30
85

8

3
36
20

13
7
7
84
37
47

7
5
13

4
■
19
14
1

3

2

1

1

10

■
■
3

7
3

2
1

4
■
“
■
"
1

2

■
-

-

1

■
-

-

-

3

1

5

10

2

10

6

7

11

9

1

3

-

-

1

-

6

3

1

79

1

53
5
5

5
60
3

4
60
14
“

5
-

1

6

14
-

4

4

5
4
106
7
“

12

20

7
4
81
3
"

11

55

31

18

-

-

-

12

1

-

2
2

-

22

7
4

2

-

-

-

-

4

2

1

9

4
29

6

10

13

16

2
1

1
1

-

-

-

6
1

1
2

3

1

-

-

-

-

19

2
2

2
1

-

-

17

8
1
8

-

4

5
■

1

6

4
“

“

“

_

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

7
"

1

■

3

2

.

7

11

16

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

2

7

11

-

10

-

6

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

21

23
33

37

38
3
30
■

35
13
51
42

11

2
2

9

3
7

1

-

5

11
11
1

38
5
47
45
9
36

2

-

1
1

1

10

32

22

29
31
17
70

26
58
18
40

48

22

1
1

■

5
10

8

1
12
6
6

1

■
■
■
■

~

22

21

■

7

13
“

7
-

8

1
6

■
7

■
■
-

■

■

"

-

■

-

-

-

■

-

■
■

-

-

-

-

•

-

■
■
-

■
■
-

■
■
-

■
“

■
■

■

■
■
■
■

-

-

2

2

“

-

-

-

■
-

■
-

'

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) -------------C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) ---------C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s ( o th e r th a n
c a s e goods) — — — ------— —— — -------------------------- S u b a s s e m b l ie s -----------------------------------------------------------A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s , o th e r th a n law n o r
o u td o o r c h a ir s ----------- --------------------------- ------------------—
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k —— — — — — ------------------------- —
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly )- ---------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ---------------------------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ------------- -— ----------— — ------------------------ ------R u b b e r s , f u r n i tu r e , h a n d —---------------- —
R u b b e r s , f u r n i tu r e , m a c h in e -----------------------------S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




99
42
9
6

■

1

"

11

4
"

6
2
8

-

19
46
“

2

2

39

5
4
5
42
19
60
”

10

T a b le 15. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: H ickory—Statesville, N .C .1 Continued
—
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1971)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
Number
of
workers

$1.60
Average
hourly
earnings 1 and
2
3

$ 1 .6 5

$ 1 .7 0

$1.75

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .8 5

$ 1 .9 0

$ 1 .9 5

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .00

$ 3 .10

$ 3 .2 0

$3 .3 0

$1.65

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .75

$1 .8 0

$ 1 .8 5

$ 1 .9 0

$ 1 .95

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$3 .1 0

$ 3 .20

$ 3 .30

over

12
_

5
_
_

_

18
_
_
_

90
8
8
_

71
12
12
_

10

9

62
10
10
_
3

_
_

_

15
_
_

_

_

'

‘

6

12

2

7

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

a nd

under

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — w om en-—
C o n tin u e d
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d -----------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e 3 ----------------------------O th e r th a n b e lt - -----------------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic (fe e d only) — -------S p r a y e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------

542
128
124
7
118

$ 1 .9 5
2. 08
2. 07
2. 09
2 .0 5

24
'

47
20
20
_

118
22
22
4
21

51
24
24
3
10

19
11
9

19
11
10

13
8
8

2
2
1

_
_

14

12

8

6

1

3

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

■

"

"

"

1
2

_
-

1
1
2

_

1

1

-

_

_

_

S e le c te d o ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l -----------------------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ------------------------------------------S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l -----------------------------T y p i s t s , c la s s B -----------------------------------------

52
11
9
13

2. 14
2 .5 7
2 .7 0
2. 23

_

-

-

1 T h e H i c k o r y - S t a te s v il l e A r e a c o n s is t s of B u r k e , C a ld w e ll, C a ta w b a , a n d I r e d e l l C o u n tie s .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if ts .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c la s s if i c a t io n in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te l y .




6

8
5

4

6

-

-

1

-

1

1

3

1

_

2
1

-

3

_

_

1
2

1

"
'

'

'

'

'

T a b le 16. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: Indiana
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s

o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1971)

,_ r
_

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
T377T5
$ 1 .7 0 $1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .90 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .00 $ 2 .10 $ 2 .20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $3.2 0 $3.30 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0
an d
and
under
$1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $1.95 $ 2 .00 $ 2 .10 $ 2 .20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 l?,t,30 $3.40 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $3.90 o v e r

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

W h.,
—
of
worker*

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ---- — ------------------M en— ------------------ ---- ---------------------------W om en.
.
---- --------------

1 0 ,5 6 6
7 ,0 6 3
3 ,5 0 3

$ 2 .71
2 .8 2
2.4 7

59
27
32

60
41
19

147
91
56

61
54
7

178
119
59

A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) . . .
T im e .
In c e n tiv e —
—
... .
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s)___________ ____ . __
T im e
I n c e n t iv e ______________ ______ _________
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( o th e r th a n c a s e goo d s)

1 ,0 7 5
332
743

3.23
2.7 2
3 .4 6

4
_
4

_

5
5
-

2

_
_

.

4
4
_

727
180
547

3.49
2.69
3.76

4

-

_
-

S u b a s s e m b lie s --------------------------------------T im e
. . . . . . ___ . . - ...........

324
152
172

2.68

_

_

2 .7 5
2 .6 2

-

.
-

5
5

29

2.29

29
44

2.2 9
2.63
2 .5 5

68

2 .6 8

62
26
36
58
23
3535
170
87
83

2 .7 4
2 .7 0
2.7 7
2.41
2 .3 7
2.43
3.2 8

105
55
50

2.8 3
2,89

hourly
earning*1

51
15

642
334
308

989
734
255

861
565
296

627
445
182

552
441
111

32

505
444
61

68

221

64
4

134
131
3

66
1

58
55
3

32
18
14

106
44
62

63
26
37

22

96
58
38

12
2
10

125

9

124

28
24
4

_

24

-

8
1

90

20

12

1

3
17

12

44
17
27

40
26
14

19

53
37
16

8
2
6

121

19
16
3

-

1

287
184
103

941
426
515

1037
545
492

1297
752
545

48
25
23

64
52

39
14
25

111
8

113
3

36

12

103

110

28
14
14

49
40
9

20

58
7
51
4

66

1

2
21
2

48

19

721
546
175

632
410
222

253

n
11

15
14

298
292

-

1

6

19

1

8
11

-

8
8

1

-

2 122
8
3 114

-

10

-

-

67

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
m en

4
_

A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s ( a ll in c e n tiv e
O th e r th a n la w n o r o u td o o r
c h a i r s ( a ll in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) . . . . . . . .

112

T im e . . . . . _
D o u b l e - e n d - tr i m m e r s a n d b o r in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ---- ------. . . ---------. . . . . . . .
Timf*
T i m e ---------------------- ----------------- — ----I n c e n tiv e . . .. . . . — . ... -... , —
___
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y -----------T i m e ---- -----------— —— . — . — -----------I n c e n tiv e . - . i . . . -----......— .....
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
I n c e n t iv e -------------- — ---------------------—
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e — — — — — — — —
—
In c e n tiv e —

——— —

—

—

16
205
80
125
211

T me

44
167
112

T i m e ............ ...................................................
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ---T im e — — ---------------------------- -----—----

62
50
207
59
148

-

2
-




2
_

2

_
_
-

-

6

4
2

4
4
.

-

25
5

4
4

20
11

15

-

-

1

9

3

14
9
5

g
-

-

8

5

1

-

-

5
5

5
5

4
3

2
2

17

-

1

8
1

-

-

1

1

.

16

7

9
5
4

-

-

-

5

1

_
-

2
2

4
1
8
8

2
1
1
11
2

-

-

9

-

-

_
-

_
-

1

2
-

2

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .7 7

.

.

_

.

-

_

_

-

6
4
2

2.18
2.42

1

-

2
2

10
10

13

-

15

30

10

5

20
10

3
.3

18
18

3.73

2 16
2 ! 59

5

1

_

3

12
1
3
3

_
5

2

g
18
5

13
15
g

42

2
2

4

9

_

9

9

1

1

3

8
1

8
1

-

2

-

8
8

3

8
1

-

19

21
21

-

2

1

-

1

8

1
1

8
11

20
8
12

19
14
5

2

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

14

2

-

8

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

12
2
1

1

_

1

1

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

18

-

-

1

11

5

6
2

4

5

2

5

4

4
9

5
3

1

6

-

-

3

3

7
8
-

.

2
1
1
6
6

4

7
4
3

8
8

4

1
20
20

-

-

2

-

7
1
6

4

12
10
2

2

13
21
•
1

13
•»

8

26
15

10

21

18
41
*
38

10
9

8

11
11

10

21

8

3

1
1

9

6

10
6

1

-

-

8
12
11
1
21
8

4

6

2

20
10
10
6
5
1

3

1
-

-

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

4
4

-

6

1

42

4
4
-

3

-

.

-

-

14

-

-

-

_

14

_

_

_

4
20

15
5

10

3
7

48

7
4

-

-

-

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

•1

-

1

-

>

1

1

.

1

.
5 36

-

-

-

-

-

12

12
1
4 11
8
8

12

23

4

23

4

1

10
2

2

43
37

.
-

6

-

-

6

8

-

6

-

.
-

13

12

2
20

5
5
8
6

2

1

1

-

-

2

2

2
1
1

1

1

2 .7 4
3.1 4
2.3 5
3.46

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

1

-

8

6

-

-

-

9

23

27

22
1

16
4

7

8

3

3

12

4

1
12

3

19

31
31

9

17

'

'

8

-

36

.
-

1

1
6
2

27

1

■

-

8
1

1

3

-

15

113

-

-

6
6

121
8

3

_

I

-

10

-

-

-

-

4

2 .6 6

-

121

19

3

9
16

-

52
27
25

20

3.37
2.29
3.66
21 70

5

19

1

10

16
9
7

.
-

-

-

-

22

1

49

3

_

1
1

12

-

2 .86

89

12

5

1

3

2

'

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .

-

2

9

-

6

7
7

1

36

-

3

3

-

6 25
-

25

T a b le 16. O ccu pa tion a l earnings: Indiana— Continued
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o ls te r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

Number
of
workers

Avenge
hourly
earnings

15
251
73
178
36
33
184
61
123
403
186
217
303
147
156

$ 2 .7 4
2.55
2.41
2.61
2.5 8
2.62
3.03
2.36
3.3 6
2.75
2.55

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
$ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .75 £1780 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .10 $ 2 .20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 £ 2 ^ 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 £3790

. and

and
under
$1 .7 5 $±20 $ 1 .85 LL.IQ £L 11 $ 2 .00 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .60 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .90 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $3.90 o v e r

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
m en— C o n tin u e d
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s
(fe e d only) 7 b / -------------------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ______________
T i m e _________________________
I n c e n t iv e _________________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ---------------I n c e n t iv e _________________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d _______________
T i m e _____________________________
I n c e n t iv e _____________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e _________
T i m e _________________________
I n c e n t iv e _________________________
B e lt__________________________________
T i m e - ___________________________
I n c e n t iv e --------------------------------------O th e r th a n b e l t ___________________
T i m e -------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e _____________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic
( s e t up a n d o p e r a te ) ----------------------------I n c e n t iv e _________________________
S haper o p e ra to rs , hand
( s e t up a n d o p e r a te ) —
I n c e n t iv e _________________________
S p r a y e r s ------------------------------------------------T i m e --------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ------------------------------ __-----T e n o n e r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) —______
T i m e ___________________ _____ _
I n c e n t iv e ---------------------------------------

2.92

_

_
_

-

-

2
2

28
28

_

_

_

_

1

_
-

6
6

1

-

-

_
_
-

3

2

-

-

_

_

1

13

5

6

2

3
3

2
2

2
2

l
l

1
1

7

3
5

-

2.86

20

2.91

64
26
38
567

34
67

2.5 8
2.58
2.58
2.9 8
2.71
3.13
2.85
2.59
2.9 8

-

749
251
498

2.4 7
2.53
2.4 4

-

259

2.55
2.53
2.43
2.5 0
2.41
2.34
2.35
2.37

101

.
_
_

_

34

365

_
_

1

39
61

202

_

_

2.69
2.54
2.83
2.93
2.60
3.15

100

_

-

3

-

2

-

1
2

-

2

l

l

_

10
6

1

4

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

2

3

.

3

-

1

7
7

-

2

3

_
_
_
1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

"

"

-

-

_
"

4
4
-

-

5
4

6
1

2

1

5

-

2

l

l

2
2

_

2
6
6

1
1

_

2

16
16

3
3

-

36
30
6

31
27
4
5
3

_

34
31
3
23
21
2
11
10
1

3
29
4
25
2
2
16

_

16
48
16
32
37

2
66

4
62
7
7
4
4

_

20

11

7
13
15
7

26

8

_

_

_

_

_

8

13

20

41

6

5

_

_

13

13
7

28
16

41
_

12
2
2

6

_

_

_

_
_
5

5
2
2
12

2
2
1

1

_

5
33
26
7
16

12

1

27
18
9
26
18

23

2

4

1

8

1
20
1

_

15
17

19
14

4
4

1

8

1

2
2

8
1

9

13

2

4

1

1

_

10
10

18
9
9
31
14
17
30
14
16

8
8
12
1
11

13

_

_
31

_

31
37

29
15
14
34

8

8

11

5

29
25

23

10

21
6

7

_

_

_

_

7

_

_

_

_

2

_

2

2

_

2

_

2
1

2

_

1
1

_

1
_

_
_
_
_
_

1

15
8 15
11

1
1

11

1

5

5

1

_

12

6

6

5

1

1
2

_

6

5

15
13
5

_

_

7
3
3

12

8

2

1

6

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

4

.
_

_
_

4
4

_

2

_
-

_

14
4

2
2

2
2

5
5

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

2
2

4
4

16
7
9
106
36
70

5

8

7
_

8

8

2

1

5
72
9
63

8

1

6
1

8

1

2

1

16
4

9

65

32
23
9

34
19
15
15

15

16

_

58
_
58
15
_
15

11
8

16
16
_

5
_
5

_
_

28

8
8

22
20
2

1

8

_

28

2
2

-

_

19
19

38
27

1
1

11
10
8
2

_
'

11

5

12

_

4

_
"

8

12
2
1
1

1
8

7
_
7

8

17

1

64
7

11

5
17
15

7

1
6

10

5

7
3
_
3

47
34
13

53
39
14

20

15

5

_

21

2

_

1
_

20

15

5

21

2

1

15

49

15
15
5

5
5

2
2

19
19

10

3

2

1
1
1

_

18

1

10

_

10

1

_
_
-

5
5
"

4
_
4

3
4
_
4

1

6

1

_

_

1

-

1

-

_

1
_
1

1

1

1
1

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e
(e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 9 _______ _____________
T i m e --------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e _____________________
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
(c a s e g o o d s) ------------------------------I n c e n t iv e --------------------------------Suba s s e m b lie s ___________________
T im e

G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k _
_
T i m e -------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e _______________
T i m e --------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




200

490
192
83
42
198
91

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
_
l

5
4

_
7
5

167

7

83
45
38

6

3

23

5

2
6
1

11
60

72
72
95

33

1

5
5
17

21
21
86
22

_

_
_
2

9

12

1

166

_
1

171
37
134

27
7

12

_

103
81

20

12

22

33
31
138
35
26

2
1

4
4

8
8

12

10

25

8

95
81
7

32
31

4

6

15

35
32

11

2
8
6

6
2
2

4
4

1

_
7
6

_

_

4

12

_

_

_

_

_
_
1

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

1

T a b le 16. O ccu pa tion a l earnings: Indiana— Continued
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s oJ
Average £T7t6 £1775 $ 1 .8 0 £1785 £T79o £1795 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .10 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $3.80 £3790
hourly
an d
earnings 1
and
under
$ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ ? t 00 $ ? f 10 $ 3 ,2 0 $ 3 ,3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $3.9 0 o v e r

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w o m e n — C o n tin u e d
P a r lr p r * fn r n itn r#»
T im e
I n c e n t iv e __________________________
R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s
/
R n h h e r s fii mitiiVA ihanii
T i m e —. ___________________________ _
In c e n tiv e ___ __________ ____________ _
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , han d __________ _____
T i m e ______ _______ ________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e ___________
T i m e _________ _____ ______________ _
I n c e n t iv e __________________________
B e lt___________________________________
T i m e ----------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ---------------------------------------f lt li e r th a n h e lt
S p r a y e r s -------------------------------------------------T i m e ____ __________ _______________
Tnc.ariti v e

112
66

46
37
198
174
24
433
151
171
80
91
74
23
51
97
234

-

2 .6 8

.

123

2.63
2.61
2 .6 5
2 .5 8

129
39

2 .4 0
2 .2 7

111

3

$ 2 .4 2
2.4 6
2 .3 7
2 .6 7
2 .4 2
2 .4 0
2 .5 8
2.51
2 .4 4
2 .6 2
2.7 3
2.5 2
2 .6 0
2 .4 4

3
_
_
-

-

_
-

2
2

_
_
_
.
_
-

_
_

_

.
-

_
_
-

1

1

.

_

1
1

1

-

1

_

_
.
2
2

_
_
_
_

_
2
2

3
3
_
_
_

_
-

_
_
_
3
3
5
5
1

25
24

_

11

5
6

-

-

-

7
5

1

2

4
9
9

2
2

7
7

1

g
62
62
67
39

4

1

_
-

_

13
13
.
114

1

30
30
g
28
22
6

73
8

5
4

1

1

1

1
1

10

70

3

10

68
2

3

9
1
8

20
22
8

17
2

.

14
13

15
7

8

8

2

5
g
23
23

5

34
24
17
17
13
13
4
30

41
3
38

_
g
19
5
14

9
2

6

29
4
_
_
.
_

4

1

10

32
31

8

3
15
15
.
_
_
15

5

10

1

1

29

4

3
7

5

1

5
4
g

19

1

6
2

_

47
44
40
34

3

30

2

_

1

_

_

3

_

_

24
16

3

2

4

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

8
8

3
3
3

2
2

4
4
_
4

_
_

1
1

_
_
_
_

_
_
.
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

6

14

1

8
6

-

26
48
42

16
26

6

8

6
20

5
_
5

.
2

_
_

16
16

_
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

5

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

S e le c te d o ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l--------------------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ---------------------------------------

21
2

8

2

1
8

2
1

1

6

3
3

48
10

8

4

4

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h if ts .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 8 a t $ 4 .1 0 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 1 a t $ 4 .3 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 2 a t $ 4 .9 0 to $ 5; 1 a t $ 6 .3 0 to $ 6 .4 0 ; 1 a t $ 7 .4 0 to $7 .5 0 ; a n d
109 a t $ 7.70 to $ 7 .8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 1 a t $ 4 .3 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 2 a t $ 4 .9 0 to $ 5; 1 a t $ 6.3 0 to $ 6 .4 0 ; 1 a t $ 7 .4 0 to $ 7 .5 0 ; a n d 109 a t $ 7.7 0 to $7 .8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 1 a t $ 4 .7 0 to $ 4 .8 0 ; 8 a t $ 7 .7 0 to $ 7 .8 0 ; a n d 2 a t $ 7 .9 0 to $ 8 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 7 .7 0 to $ 7 .8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s : 24 a t $ 7.7 0 to $ 7 .8 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 8 to $ 8 .1 0 .
I n s u f f ic ie n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n o f s e p a r a te a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w ag e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m in a n tly t im e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m in a n tly in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 7 .7 0 to $ 7 .8 0 .
I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c la s s if i c a t io n in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .




,

5

1

'

1

'

'

'

4
'

T a b le 17. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: Jamestown, N .Y.1
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o ls te r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s _________________
M e n ...-------------------------------------------------W o m e n ________________________________

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
Average $"1785 T T 9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .00 $ 2 .10 $ 2 .20 $ 2 3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ T 5 0 $ 2 '6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $3.70 $ 3 .8 0 $4.0 0 $4.2 0 $4.40 $4.60
hourly ,
earnings ‘ a n d
and
under
$ 1 .9 0 $1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .10 $ 2 .20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $3.80 $ 4 .0 0 $4.2 0 $4.4 0 $4.60 o v e r

1, 031
762
269

$ 2 .7 0
2.77
2.51

104
72

2.83

51
31
47
35

3 17
10

27

5
5
-

23
19
4

73
58
15

128
60

61
43
18

70
47
23

52
35
17

78
65
13

76
49
27

87
58
29

74
65
9

40
34

24
18

68

6

6

33
28
5

32
28
4

21
2

1
1

-

3
3

6
6

6
6

4
4

5

6
2

14

3
3

7
3

9

9

10

2
1

4
4

4
4

5
5

.
-

-

_

_

2
2

4
4

9

-

4
4

2
2

_
4
4

5

1
1

10
6

2.91
2.93
2.76
2 .8 7
2.82
3.15

_

_

-

2

-

_

2

5

1

23

18
18

9
9

10
10

21

10
8
2

11
10
1

9

17
4

2
2

2
2

3
3

2
2

5
5

2
2

2
2

1
1

_
_

3
3

_
_

2
1

_

2
2

2
2

1
1

_

1

_

19
17
2

8
1

18
15
3

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e (e x c e p t
c h a i r s ) 4 ------------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e __________________________
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s)_________________________
I n c e n t iv e __________________________
S u b a s s e m b lie s ________________________
I n c e n t iv e __________________________
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) ________________
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y

2 .88

M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( s e t up a n d o p e r a te ) ____________________
In c e n tiv e
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ----------------------------I n c e n t iv e __________________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e __________ _ _____
I n c e n tiv e
__
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e )
( a ll in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) . ______________
R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s . _____
. _ . _
I n c e n t iv e __________________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ___________
I n c e n t iv e _________________________ _
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ________________
I n c e n t iv e __________________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e ____________
I n c e n t iv e __________________________
B e lt___________________________________
I n c e n t iv e __________________________
O th e r th a n b e lt
I n c e n t iv e __________________________
S haper o p e ra to rs , hand
( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) 6 __________________
S p r a y e r s _________________________________
I n c e n tiv e __ _
T en o n er o p e ra to rs
( s e t up a n d o p e r a te ) ____________________
I n c e n t iv e __________________________

10

3.04

23
14
9
52
40
16

3.8 8
4 .2 2
2.59
2.71
2.49
2.41

1

2.52

11

7

3.11
3.09
3.16
3 .0 8
3.18
2.81
2.9 8
2.77
2.91
2.73
2.85
2.84
3.05

39
35

-

1
1

_

_
>

-

1
1

2
2

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
.
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

3.03
3.1 0
3.12

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
-

12
8

3 .0 7
3.22

-

_

38
30
27
19

2.69
2.76
2.81
2.98
2.53
2.96

_
_
_

17
13
9
14
10

55
35
37
25
18
10
8

1
1

1
1

5
5

4
_
5

5

8

1

4

_

_

1

1

1

1

5

1
1
2
2

1
2

_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

21

1

-

-

1
1

4
4
2
2

_
_
_
_
_
_
3
3
3
3
_
_

4
-

j

9

1
1

1

_
_
1
1

_
_
_

3
3

1
1

_
_
_
_
_
4
_
7
3

2
2
2
1

1

_

3
3

_
_

2
2

1
2

2
2
2
2

3
3

1
1
2
2

2
2

_

_

1
1
2
2

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5

_

_

1

1
1

2
1
1

I
_

2
2

2
2
1
1

_

2

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1
2

_
_

1
1
1

_
_
_
_
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1
1

1
1

3
3

_
_
_

_

1
2
2
2

2

2

_

_

2

1

1
2
1
1

1
1

2
2

6
2
1
1
1

_
_
4

1

1

_
_
_
_

3
3
3

_
_

_

1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

1
1
1

"

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5

_
_
_
_

2
2

7
3
4
9

3
3

2
2
1
1

1
1
1
1

2
2
2
2

4
“

»
“

“

2
2
1
1
1
1

6
2

2
2

_
_

2
2
2
2
1
2

2
2
1
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

_

_
_

_
_

1
1

.
1

2

_

1

53

_

_

1
1

1

2
2

1
1
1
1

_

3
_

21

9

'
S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .




_
.
_
_
.
”

.
_
_
“

1

1
1

_
_

2
2

_
_

2
2

_
_
9
1

4
_
5
1

1

2
2
1
2

_

2

_

_

_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_

2
2
2
2

1
1
1
1

2
2
2
2

_

_
_

1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1

2
2
2
2

_

_
_
_
_
_

2

_

1
1

2
2
1
1
1
1

1
1

1

_
_

1

_

2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

4
4
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3
3
3

_
_
_

_
_

_

1

_

_
_
_
_

"

-

1

5

2
2

2
2

6
2

2
2

2
2

8
8

2
2

3
3

1

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

2
2

2

_

1

-

_
-

_
-

3
3

_
_
_
_

2
1
1
1
1
1

1
1

3
3
3
3
_
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2
2
2
2

_
_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

1
2

1

_
“

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2
2

_
“

2
2

_

2
1

_

2

5
2

_
_
_
_
3
3

.
_

2
2
2
2
1

1

_

1

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e (e x c e p t
c h a i r s ) 4 ________________________________
In c e n tiv e _
S u b a s s e m b lie s ________________________
I n c e n t iv e __________________________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ___________________
I n c e n t iv e ____________________ ____

_

2

_

6
2
1
1

_
_

1
2
2

1

4
4
4

_

4
7
3

8

_
_

8
8
1
1

3
3

1
1

8

1

4

_
_
_
4
_
_
_
4
_

3
3

2

2
2

_

_
_
_

_
_
"

_
_

_

-

1
1

T a b le 17. O ccu p a tion a l earnings: Jam estow n, N .Y .1 Continued
--(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o ls te r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings i

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s tr a ig h t - ti m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s of—
$ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .00 $ 2 .10 $ 2 .20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $4.40 $ 4 .6 0
and
and
under
$ 1 .?0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .00 $ 2 .10 $ 2 .20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 ,8 0 $ 2 ,9 0 $ 3 ,0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $3,2.0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 I M S $ 3 .7 0 $ ? . 8 Q 1 -L.Qfl $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $4.60 o v e r

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w o m e n — C o n tin u e d
P a c k e r s , f u r n i tu r e _____________________
I n c e n tiv e _________________________
R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) -----------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ----------------------In c e n ti v e -________________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e --- ------------I n c e n ti v e . . . . . . . _____ ___. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 f ilt..____ ,____L
X
________________ r_
In c e n tiv e - ___________________ _____
O th e r th a n b e l t ----------------------------------------------S p r a y e r s __ _________________________________________
I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------------------------------

11

$ 2 .6 6

7

2 .6 8

7
36

20
12

3 .1 2
2.31
2 .4 9
2.6 5
2.5 9
2 .5 7
2 .6 2
2 .7 4
2 .5 5
2^64
2 .5 8

15

2 .2 0

6

2 .4 0

16
22

17
12
8
10

9

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

1
1

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
20

3
3

1

-

4
4
-

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2
1
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

1
1
-

1
1

_

-

1
1
2
2
1

1

-

7
3
5

2
2

1
2
2
1
1

-

1
2
3
4
5
6

1

2

2
2

9

T h e J a m e s to w n A r e a c o n s is t s o f C h a u ta u q u a C ounty.
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if ts .
I n c lu d e s 1 w o r k e r a t $ 1. 80 to $ 1. 85.
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c la s s if i c a t io n in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
1 a t $ 4 .8 0 to $ 5 , a n d 2 a t $ 6 .2 0 t o $ 6 .4 0 .
W o r k e r s p a id u n d e r t im e a n d in c e n tiv e s y s te m s w e r e d iv id e d e q u a lly .




1
1

1
1

1
1

-

3
3

1

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

1
1
1
1

-

1
1
1
1

-

1
1
1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

7
3

5

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

2
2
1
1
1
1
2
2

1
1
1
1

S e le c te d o ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ----------------------------------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ----------------------------------------------------

_
-

4
-

1

-

2
2

-

2

2
2
2
2

1

-

-

-

1
1

-

T a b le 18. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: L o s A n g e le s—Long B ea ch and A naheim —S a n ta A n a —Garden Grove, C a lif.1
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n s in w ood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lste r e d , m anufacturing e s ta b lis h m e n ts , O ctober 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

Number
of
worker*

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - ti m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
Average $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80
hourly
and
earnings'1
2
and
under
$1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 o v e r

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s _________________
M e n ---------------------------------------------------W o m e n ______________________________

5 ,7 8 9
5 ,5 7 5
214

$ 2 .8 9
2.91
2 .5 9

129
129
-

131
104
27

60
51
9

141
130

556
542
14

226
220
6

349
340
9

148
142

210
201

6

9

322
304
18

289
280
9

260
12

73

34

13

29

47

-

18

-

_

3

20

6

16

2
11

372

122
6

326
302
24

176
154

8

22

341
332
9

35

25

13

51

27

31

57

13

19

9

15

3

6

51

1
21

_

1

11

14

6

3

25

9
16

3
3

_

_

_

9

8

3

2

2

19

2

11

234
226

_
3
_

_
_
-

_
_

11

4

128

272
267
5

172
172
-

81
79

58

22

_

22

21

_

33
3

1

16
14

25

8
10

13
5

209
206
3

471
470
1

39
39

127
123
4

163
163

9

1

5

42

_

_

_

5

42

_

_
_

9

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

9

_

_

_

_

20

1

8

5
_

_

4

2

1

_

4
3

_
_

8

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_
3

_
_

2

2

_

_

-

-

_
_
_
-

2

_
_
_
_
-

2

117
117

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t
c h a i r s ) ________________________________
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) _______________________
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s ( o th e r
th a n c a s e g o o d s )----------------------------S u b a s s e m b l ie s - --------------------------------A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s , o t h e r th a n law n
o r o u td o o r c h a i r s _____________________
C u t- o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s _________________
D o u b l e - e n d - tr i m m e r s a n d b o r in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ____________________
G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k ____________________
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y _____
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ---------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e _________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e _____________________
R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s _____________________
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d
o p e r a t e ) _______________________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , hand______________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ---------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e __________
B e l t __________________________________
O th e r th a n b e lt ______________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic
( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) __________________
S h ap er o p e ra to rs , hand
( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) __________________
S p r a y e r s ________________________________
T en o n er o p e r a to r s (se t up and
o p e r a te ) _______________________________

603

3.00

-

-

-

-

19

12

227

3.44

-

-

-

-

-

-

110

266

3.16
2.5 6

-

-

-

-

33
96

3.23
3 .6 4

57
34
17

3.54
3.23
3.93

34
183
54
72

3.51
2.1 8
2.68

19

12

73

11

3.48
2.52
2.46
3.22
3.17
3.47

18

-

-

1

22

75

-

-

33
_

10

3
9

3
_

9

11

275
50

2 .8 5

_

9

3
9

5
9

10

3

_
_

.

6

_
_

1

_

2

_
_

_

7

12

4

_

2

9
4
4

_
9

3
26

_
_

3

1

3

_
-

4
-

_

-

_
3
-

-

_
_

_
_

-

1

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

81

-

1

1

-

-

2

-

11

26

5
9
9
-

27
9
9
-

20

5
7
7
-

6

5
9
9
-

12
2

7
28

9
9
-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

9

-

-

14

64

-

1

3

18

22

3
2
1

32

1

9
9
-

8

3

14

60
45
15

11

7
4

_
_
-

-

2

3
3
-

-

_
_
_
_
-

-

1

5

3

-

-

-

-

1

5
38

-

-

1

-

-

43

5
40

-

1

-

-

-

5

8

-

2

21

21

~

-

“

2

1

3

7

9

-

2

20

25
23

32

-

-

5
2

3

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en
S a n d e rs , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ----------------------

6

4

-

-

-

-

3

6

9

5

12

12

9

12

S e le c te d o ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l _______________________ -

2

2

'

8

5

1

11

23

9

1 T h e L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e im — a n ta A n a -G a rd e n G ro v e S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a s c o n s is t o f L o s A n g e le s a n d O ra n g e C o u n tie s .
L
S
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h if t s .




1

8

2.62

147

10

3.77

13

12
2

9

-

1

10

3.57
3.62
3.24

1

3.2 8

7
43
305
161
134
27

38

9

1

T a b le 19. O ccu p a tion a l earnings: Louisville, Ky.— Ind.1
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations in w ood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o ls te r e d , m an u fa ctu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n t s , O ctober 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s
__ _ _
M e n . ____ _
W o m e n - ____ _______________________

Number
rf

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
$ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 l O o $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .8 0 15720 15760 $ 6.00 $ 6 .4 0 $ 6 .8 0 $ 7 .2 0 $ 7 .6 0 $ 8.00
Avenge
hourly U nder a n d
earning* 2
$ 2.00 u n d e r
$ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2.60 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5 .6 0 $ 6.00 $ 6 .4 0 $ 6 .8 0 $ 7 .2 0 $ 7 .6 0 $ 8.00 $ 8 .4 0

1 ,6 1 9
1 ,2 4 7
372

$ 3 .6 5
3 .9 4

26

56

128

122
86

28

30

36

108
69
39

71
39

124
87
37

95
67
28

63
50
13

59
43
16

102

68

34

69
42
27

110

100

16

28
14
14

22

2.68

262

4 .9 7

1

3

11

27

11

5

11

8

5

9

6

5

3

18

5 .3 4
5.5 3
3 .0 9
2 ,5 8
3 .1 9

-

3

1
1

2 .8 9
2,73
2 .9 7
4 .7 1
3 .7 7

10

98

95
7

91
89

62
61
1

18
18
-

7
7
-

2
2

2

17

4

2

3

_
-

5
5
-

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

_
-

-

244
239
5

-

3

_

_

1

109

_

1
1
2

_
_
_

_
_
_

1
1

_

109
109
_

_
_
_

_

-

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

1
1

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e
( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 3 ________________________
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s)--------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ___________________________
S u b a s s e m b l ie s -------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e --------------------------------- -----D o u b l e - e n d - tr i m m e r s a n d b o r in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------

219
205
41
7
34
25
8

M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y _______
T im «
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p
a nd rtpo-rafo) ^
D ff.K fta i* i*a m a rlnin a
a
P a c k e r s , f u r n i tu r e ----------------------------------T i m e __________________ _____________
Tn r*Arifi vo
R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s 5---------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d
o p e r a t e ) ------------------------------------------------- -

17
41
29
7
50
15
51
14
37
10

51

4 .3 4
2.5 9
5 .0 0
3 110

72
49
15
34
23
17
56
50

5 .2 8
2 .7 2
3.53
3.32
2 .65
3.6 2
3 .9 7
4 .4 8
5 .4 7
5 .7 7

16

10

S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e ------ ----------B e lt_______________________ _____________
Tim A
In c e n ti v e ___ ____ _____ ____ _________
O th e r th a n b e l t ------------------------------------In c e n tiv e
------------------------------ ---S p r a y e r s ________________________________ _
I n c e n t iv e . _________________________
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a t e ) 4------------------------------------------

3 .5 8
3.1 6
2^2

9
9

1

3
3
_

1

_

2

-

-

1

_
-

_
_

1

_

3

1

3

15
7
3
4
1
1

_

11
10

2
1
1
1

5

5

1
1

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

-

1
1
1
1

1

5
3
1
2

6
6
2
1
1

2

_

2
1
1

_
_

4
2
2
1

_
4
3

1
1

_

_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

3 .4 4

1

-

1

77

2 .5 9

2

7

16

34
43

2.6 5
2 .5 4
2.73
3 .1 0
2 .3 0
3 .8 7

1
1

3
4

5

-

2
1
1

_
1

8

1

3

3

3
5

5

1

1

-

4

1
1

3

1

1
2

3

2

5
1
1

3
4

_
_

1
1

1
1

-

4
3

1

2
2

_

3
3
_

1

4

3

2

_

_

2

2

2

1

2

2

1
1

3
3

_

2
2
2

1
2

13
13

4
4

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

10

-

1
8

7

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

_
-

3
3

2

3
3

-

3
3

-

1

-

8

3

3

2
1
1

2
1

3
3

2
2

3

_
-

1
8

10

1

8
2
6

3
3

.

1

_
-

4

1
2

_

4

7

2
1

2
2
2

1
2

14
14
3

2
1
1

3

2
1
6

6

_
-

1
1

1
2
1
1

1
1
8

5
3
3
3

1
1

3

2
2
8

1

_

2
1

14
14
4

5

7

2
2
2

1

1
2

7

2

2
3

1

4
3

1
2

3

3

_

-

4
4
1

_

1
1
1

2

_
_
-

2

20

3

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24

1

4
3

1
1

2
2

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

10

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

5

_

3

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
2
1

8
8

1
2
2
2
2

-

-

-

_
_
-

3

2

1

-

2

2

1

"

2

2

_

1

2

3

6

7

4

5

6

2

3
3

2
1
1
2
2

1

2

1

1

1

2

1

-

1

1

2
1

7
4

1
1
2
1

"

-

1

4

4

5

11

7

1

-

—
4

1

7
4

4
3

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

4
4

5
3

2

1
2

1
2

3

-

1

-

-

-

2

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

"

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

2

4

-

5
5
5
28
28

-

-

-

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e
( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 4 — ---------------- ------ -----C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( c a s e go o d s) l --------------------------- -----.
S u b a s s e m b lie s -------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e 4---------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i tu r e , han d -------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .




11

49
24
25

1
1

1

4
4

-

-

-

9
9

8
6
2

3

11

3
-

-

-

3

4
-

1
2
-

3

5

T a b le 19. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: Louisville, Ky.—Ind.1 Continued
—
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w ood h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1971)

1
2
3
4
5

T h e L o u is v ille S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is ts of J e f f e r s o n C o u n ty , K y .; a n d C la r k a n d F lo y d C o u n tie s , In d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a te s h if ts .
In c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s if i c a t io n in a d d itio n to th o s e shown s e p a r a te l y .
I n s u f f ic ie n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n of s e p a r a te a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d of w a g e p a y m e n t; p r e d o m in a n tly in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s p a id u n d e r t im e a n d in c e n tiv e s y s te m s w e r e eq u a lly d iv id e d .




T a b le 20. O ccu pa tion a l earnings: Martinsville, V a .1
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccupations in w ood h o u se h o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c e p t u p h o lster e d , m a n u fa ctu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , O ctober 1971)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s <
Average
hourly
earnings 6

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ------------------------W o m en ------------------------ -----------------------

$3."00 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 fI3o $ 3 .4 0
W
2.Z0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0
and
a nd
\in d e r
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2.60 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $3.30 $3.4 0 o v e r

JTJo

$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0

TTJ5

762
235
527

$ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $TT95 $ 2.00 $ 2.10

951
410
541

778
397
381

818
511
307

632
411

1162
937
225

978
897
81

683
665
18

8 , 104
5 ,7 0 0
2 ,4 0 4

$ 2 .0 3
2.10

221

2 .10

90
60

2.07
2.26
2.24
1.98
2.52

453
451
2

385
381
4

31
18
11

4

1.86

221

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e ( e x c e p t
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s)________ _____________—
S u b a s s e m b lie s_______________________
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s _______—__ -_____
D o u b l e - e n d - tr i m m e r s a n d b o r in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ____________________
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k ____________________
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y ______
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( s e t up a n d o p e r a te ) ----------------------------M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(fe e d o n ly ) --------------------------------- ---------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ---------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i tu r e ____________________—
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d
o p e r a t e ) -----------------------------------------------R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) — ------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e --- ------------B e lt__________________________________
O th e r th a n b e l t ---------------------------------Shaper o p e ra to rs , hand
( s e t u p a n d o p e r a te ) ----------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d (fe e d o n ly )..— .

9

1.93

5
14
17

3
4

26
117

2.17
2.2 0

5
47

4
14

55
31
362
293
69

2.26
1.99
2.23
2.25
2.1 7

4
2
106
91
15

3
58
41
17

51
17
387

2.35
2.0 7
2.16

10

332
150

2.11
1.88

6
3
104

T e n o n e r o p e ra to rs (se t up an d
S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s-—
w om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e (e x c e p t
c h a i r s )_._________ _______ ________ —------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ---------------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i tu r e , h a n d ----------. . . . ------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ------------- --------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e -----------------

70
383
117

1.85
1.78
1.83

38
12

24

66
13

1 T h e M a r t in s v i ll e a r e a c o n s is t s of M a r t in s v i ll e C ity a n d H e n ry C ounty.
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if ts .
3 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c la s s if i c a t io n in a d d itio n to t h o s e show n s e p a r a te l y .




6

8

100

2
49

58
58

212
212

48
48

26
26

19
19

1

T a b le 21. O ccupational earnings: Miami and Fort Lauderdale— Hollyw ood, Fla.1
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u rly ea rn in g s 2 of w o rk ers in s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n s in wood ho u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lster e d , m anufacturing e s ta b lish m e n ts , O ctober 1971)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - ti m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s _________________
M e n __________________________________
W o m e n ------------------------------------------------

N um ber
of
w orkers

earnings 1
2

1 ,2 3 0
1, 174
56

$ 2 .93
2.98
1.96

48
16
32

125

3.24

-

-

64
61
51
18
70
26
24
41
18
16
51

3.35
3.13
3.20
2.19
3.24

-

-

4

-

4

2.88

9

12

A v erag e

$1.60 $1.70
and
under
$ 1 .70 $1.80
23
19
4

$ 1 .80 $ 1 .90

$ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2.30 $2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .60 $ 2 .7 0 $2 .8 0 $ 2.90 1 3 .0 0 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 ■$4.40

and
$1 .9 0 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .30 $2.40 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .70 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .90 $ 3 .00 $3 .1 0 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 o v e r
34
34
-

33
25

28
28
-

41
40

34
33

8

1

1

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

4
-

"

72
72
-

-

4

-

-

-

4
-

4
9

12
12

22
22

25
25
"

19
19

4

8

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

16
15

82
79
3

1

108
108
-

40
40
"

208
4

-

9

-

2

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

10

-

-

-

10

3
_

19
7
5

-

-

8

4

1

151
150

1

212

63
63

42
42
~

37
37
-

15
14

6
6

1

-

12

9

6

2

_

12

6

6

2

-

-

48
48
-

64

1

30
34
30

1
-

3

-

4

30

5

-

10
6

-

2

3

-

1
1

_

4

4

4
4
14

2
1
1
10

-

2

19
19

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s 3
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e
( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) _________ _______________
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p ie c e s
( c a s e g o o d s )-------------------------------------S u b a s s e m b lie s -----------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ................... ...........................
P l a s t i c - t o p i n s t a l l e r s ----------------------------------------R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) ------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d .......... .......................
S a n d e r s , f u r n i tu r e , m a c h in e 4---------------------B e l t _________________________________ ______________
S p r a y e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a t e ) ------------------------------------------------------------

2.90
2.72
2.95
2.95
3.32

_

-

-

-

-

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.22

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

4

4

_

3

1

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

4

4

-

-

2

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

1

-

2.54

-

1

2

_

3

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

_
_

_
_

2
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

6

4

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
2
_
_
_

S e le c te d o ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l -----------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

-

4

2

-

-

-

1

T he M ia m i a n d F o r t L a u d e rd a le — ollyw ood S ta n d a rd M e tro p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a s c o n s is t of D ade a n d B ro w a r d C o u n tie s .
H
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e rtim e a nd fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , a nd la te s h if ts .
D a ta l im ite d to m e n w o r k e r s .
I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c la s s if i c a t io n in a d d itio n to th o se show n s e p a r a te l y .




4

-

1

T a b le 22. O ccu p a tion a l earnings: T e n n e sse e
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu p a tio n s in w ood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lste r e d , m an u factu rin g e s ta b lish m e n ts , O ctob er 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s
M en____________________________________
W o m en ____

Number
of
worker*

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
Arerage $ 1.60 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $1.75 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0
hourly , a n d
earning*
and
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $1.80 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1.?0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2,90 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3,20 $ 3 ,? 0 $ 3 ,4 0 $ 3 .5 0 o v e r
284
262

111

2.06

2 22

12

398
362
36

420
332

2.0 8

88

489
358
131

379
275
104

554
420
134

560
347
213

678

2.00

16

23

52

51

31

39

54

271
213
58

2.08
2.06
2.15

-

-

12

_

3
3
_

9

19

-

7
5

8
1

12

28
26

7

2

168
153
IS
239
178
61

1.94
1.92
2,13
1.95
1.91
2.0 7

10
10

5
5

26
26

-

_

9
9

6
6

15
15
-

13
9
4

22

11
8

144
162
142

1.88

14

20

12
12

12
21
21

26

1.96
1^92

2
2

15
15

20

2.22

49
42
94
76

2.15
2.19
1.99
1.87

_
_
_

2

_
7
7

_
_
7
7

2
2

6
6

17
17

3
3

5
3
4
4

3

12
12

1
1
1

10

109

2.31

-

-

2

-

2

7

2

8

19

44
37

2.34
2.29

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

16
288
181
107
195
150

1.99
1.97

17
13
4

7 ,8 6 9
5 ,8 6 3
2 , 006

$ 2.06

99

1181
840
341

1246
879
367

934
678
256

504
384
120

345
242
103

166
127
39

161
148
13

33
26
7

66

87

117

101

24

4

5

4

2

_

1

1

25

27

86

16

_

1

2

1

_

1

1

22

78

3

21
6

40
30

8

10

6
10

_

1

2

1

_

1

1

9
9

9
9

17
14

11

3

_

2

1

17
17
-

32

23
19
4

5
3

1

22
10

43
27
16

4
20
12
8

38
37

_
_

_
_

13

12

9

11

29
15
14

16
13

4
3

9

13
13
3
3
14

4
3

5
5

8
8

6
6

10
10
2
1

_
_

14

5

12

11
11

13
13

2
2

20

18
17

5
4

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

19
13

9

18
2

6

3

6

12
11
1

9
4
5

12
11
1

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e
(e x c e p t c h a i r s ) ________________________
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s)________________________ _
T i m e ______________________________ _
I n c e n t iv e ___
_
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( o th e r th a n c a s e g o o d s ) _____________
T i m e ____________________________ __
S uba s s e m b li e s _________________________
T i m e . ____________________________ _
I n c e n t iv e _____________________ _____
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s , o t h e r th a n
law n o r o u td o o r c h a i r s
(all tim flw n rlffirs )
r i n t . nff» qaw npAt*afor«
TnrAntivA
D o u b l e - e n d - tr i m m e r s a n d b o r in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s _____________________
T i m e -----------------------------------------------G l u e r s , ro u g h s t o c k _____________________
T i m e -----------------------------------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u tility
( a ll t im e w o r k e r s ) _______________________
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a te ) _______________ _____________
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
nn 1 | ^ a /
y
Off.KAa r Ar« m a r*Vnn a
T im s
I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------------------Pa
fn rn ifii rA
T i m e _______________________________
P la n e r o p e ra to rs (se t up and
o p e r a t e ) — ---------------------------------------------T im a
Tn rantivA
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly )
R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s _______________________
T i m e — _____________________________
I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d
o p e r a t e ) -------------------------------------------------T i m e _______________________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i tu r e , h a n d
(a ll t im e w o r k e r s ) -----------------------------------

_

_
_

_

28
25
3
24
21

3

19
3

1

4

16

43
32

3
10
9

9

2
21

26
26

2

52
36
16
37
27

65
50
15
41
23

22
20

7

2

1

11

15
15

4

19
19

10
10

17
17

-

-

-

-

6

_

30
23
7

1.97
1.91
2.17

-

-

18
186
147
39

1.84
2.05

3

2.02

2.16

-

75
65

2.16
2.16

-

57

1.95

10
10

7

3

1

16

g

1

26
18

4

1 .9 6

7

7

g
13

2.01

9

3

23

20
12
8

2.00

1^92

_

12
11

8
12
8
6
6

4
3




2

3

2
2

1

_

_

_

2

1

1

2

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
9
_

_
3
.

_
_
_

-

_

_

_
_

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_
_

7

9

9

1

2

-

-

-

8

-

-

2

1

7

8
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4
_
4
2
3
1
2
8
8

1
1
1
1

5

-

-

-

2
1
1
2

_

_

_

_

2

3

2

_
3
1
2

2

1
1

3

2

7

1

1

3
3

20
20

9
9

16
16

5
5

9
9

3

38
27

28
16

28
18

16
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

11

12

10

1

10
8
2

5
5

_

6
6

_

_

_

3
_

3
3

18
15

20

-

8
6

11
11

2

2

4

8

7

3

7

6

1

18

6

U
S e e foo tn o tes at end of ta b le .

2
1

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b le 22. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: T e n n e sse e — Continued
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n s in w ood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lster e d , m anufacturing e s ta b lish m e n ts , O ctob er 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s of—
Average $ 1 .6 0 $ T T 5 $1770 $1775 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $3.30 $3.4 0 $3.5 0
hourly
and
earnings *
and
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $3.4 0 $ 3 .5 0 o v e r

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n — C o n tin u e d
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d _______________
T i m e _____________________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e ___________
B e lt__________________________________
T i m e _____________________________
I n c e n t iv e --------------------------------------O th e r th a n b e l t ______________________
T i m e --------------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic
( s e t u p a n d o p e r a te ) 3 a / _______________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a te ) _____ ____________________
T i m e _____________________________
S haper o p e ra to rs , hand
(fe e d o n ly ) 3 a / - ______________________
S p r a y e r s ------------------------------------------------T i m e _____________________________
I n c e n t iv e _________________________
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a te ) -----------------------------------------T i m e _____________________________
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n l y ) 3 a / _____

135
133
505
357
291
66
148
126

$ 1 .9 8
1.97
1.97
1.96
1.91
2.17
1.98
1.95

24

2.24

-

_

22
17

2.25
2.30

-

-

15
321
265
56

2.21
2.12
2.09
2.26

_
10
10
_

_
3
3
_

41
27
28

2.36
2.37
2.05

_
-

316
129

2.16
2.08

-

180
121
54

2.20
2.06
2.00

_
_

46
7

1.98
1.91

_

7
124
44
48
33
9
58
52
261
191
84
57
58
26
104
68

1.87
2.01
1.94
2.15
2.11
2.12
2.00
2.00
1.99
1.99
2.01
1.96
1.99
2.05
2.21
2.13

_
_
_
_
2
2
_
_
_
_
_
-

8
8
73
50
50
23
23

6
6
15
10
10
_
5
5

17
17
15
13
13
_
2
2

9
9
52
42
38
4
10
10

7
7
18
10
10
_
8
8

3
3
23
23
21
2
_
_

9
9
41
33
24
9
8
3

_

_

_

_

3

-

_
-

_
_

1
-

2
1

_
12
12
-

_
_
_

_
12
12
_

2
22
19
3

_
13
13
_

_

_

_

-

-

1

_
_
3

1
1
3

-

-

11
1

9
9

_

_

11

.

_

_

_

_

_

_
.
_
.
_

_
_
_
_
_
18
12
_
-

2
9
1
_

11
11
17
15
14
1
2
2

14
14
62
37
28
9
25
19

9
9
72
41
31
10
31
26

1

3

_
_

3
2

_
3
2
1

_
_
4

6
2

_
9
9

42
40
64
40
27
13
24
22

_
38
30
18
12
8
6

_
12
10
7
3
2
_

_
_
_
_

6

1

5

3

_

1

_

_

1
1

6
5

1
1

7
6

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

2
37
31
6

4
87
72
15

1
44
36
8

39
31
8

6
32
24
8

7
_
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
-

3
_

6
4
10

3
3
4

9
5
-

3
1
-

11
11
2

5
2

1

9
2

42
32

38
13

93
68

37
_

26
2

27
_

13
_

3
_

2
_

_
_

_
6
2

_
9
2

13
29
20

15
23
8

70
23
11

23
13

18
4
2

21

6
4

3

4
1

3
4

4
1

33

2
1

3
20
14
5
5

_
18
11
1
1

_
6
_
2
j

1
13
4
2
2

11
_
1

1
3

1
_
1

1

_

l

1
1
6
6
6
5
5
1
1
1

4
4
16
14
7
5
6
1
10
10

9
3
39
15
2
1
2
_
2
2

1
19
9
8
4
2
3
3
48
32
9
3
9
_
18
11

6
_
21
16

22
22
19
11
9
9
5
4
1
1

_
20
5
4
4
5
3
3
50
36
23
18
12
11
22
21

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
3
3
_
3
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

_
_

_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_

1

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e
(e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 4 ______________________
T i m e --------------------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) 3 b / -----------------------------S u b a s s e m b lie s
T i m e --------------------------------------------A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s , o t h e r th a n
law n o r o u td o o r c h a ir s
(a ll t im e w o r k e r s )
_.
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k 3 a /
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(fe e d on ly ) 3 b / -------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e __
T i m e _____________________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i tu r e _____________________
T im e
__
_
___ _
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) 3 b /
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ______________
T i m e _____
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d _______________
T i m e ______________________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e ___________
T i m e --------------------------------------------B e lt 3 a / ______________________________
O th e r th a n b e lt 3 a / _
S p r a y e r s ________________________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le,




_

_
_
_
.
_
-

_
_
26
26
8
8
8
_
_
-

_

16
16
37
37
17
6
10
7
16
8

_
2
2
_
2
13
9

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
_
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

12
3

9
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

T a b le 22. O ccupational earnings: T e n n e s s e e — Continued
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w ood h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1971)

1
2
3
4

E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h if ts .
I n c lu d e s 2 w o r k e r s a t $ 1.50 to $ 1 .60.
I n s u f f ic ie n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n of s e p a r a te a v e r a g e s b y m eth o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m in a n tly t im e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m in a n tly in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .
I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c la s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .




T a b le 23. O ccupational earnings: W inston-Salem — High Point, N .C .1
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u fa c t u r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1 9 7 1 )

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
$ 1 .6 0 $1.65 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .10 $ 2 .20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 3 o $3.4 0 $3.5 0
2 and
and
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 ,7 0 $ 1 ,7 5 $ 1,90 $ 1 ,9 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 ,2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $3.4 0 $ 3 .5 0 o v e r

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

Number
of
worken

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ---------------------------M en ____________________________________
W o m e n _________________________________

8 , 192
5 ,6 6 9
2 ,5 2 3

$ 2 .2 8
2.36
2.08

24
24
-

102

133
60
73

284
127
157

281
149
132

342
162
180

357
182
175

261

104
157

951
594
357

761
461
300

1000

45
57

588
412

813
554
259

726
589
137

646
577
69

394
361
33

301
281
20

271
266
5

165
165
-

147
147
-

358

2.34

-

-

6

8

10

9

14

4

18

31

34

47

52

60

33

22

10

_

69

2.37

-

-

-

1

-

1

3

-

4

2

8

14

8

22

5

1

-

112

2.18
2.42
2.44

-

8

11

3
3

17
-

15

7
37
16

19
19
16

3
25

3
18

2

15
18
14

10

-

7
7
5

12

-

2
2

-

7
3
3

8

_

3
3
_

7

-

-

10

8

5

-

-

-

6
6

-

3

3

3
-

1

1

7

12

10

13

5

4

14

11

15

5
4

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

4

4
23
3

6

11

8

6

20

9

6

1

4

3

7

5

3

-

7

4

5
15
29

8

-

-

2

6

16

2

2
8

-

4
23

6
11

2

2

2

2

17

15

5

-

9

11

5

9
3

Average
hourly
earning!

96
96
-

67
67
-

25
25

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

1

_
_

_
_

2

1

22
22

-

23
23
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

2

-

_

_

_

7

8

11

_

3

1

3

9

5

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

7

2

7

-

1

-

-

1
2
2

3

9

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e
(e x c e p t c h a i r s ) ------------------ __-----------------_
C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s )--------------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i tu r e p i e c e s
( o th e r th a n c a s e g o o d s ) ____________ _
S u b a s s e m b lie s-------------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s __ _________ __
D o u b l e - e n d - tr i m m e r s a n d b o r in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------G l u e r s , ro u g h s t o c k ------------------ —-----------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y ___ ____
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a te ) ________________ - ___________
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(fe e d o n ly ) ________________ __________ _—
O ff-K d a ro re tyia rViiriA
P a c k e r s , f u r n i tu r e ___ ______________ —___
P la n e r o p e ra to rs (se t up and
o p e r a t e ) -------------------------------------------------R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d
o p e r a te ) ________ ____ ____________ ____ _____
R n h h A rfl

fn rn ih irp

h a rtH

177
84
72
83
99

2.48

60
22

2.29
2.05
2 . 15

-

-

_

2

3

2
21
6

2.49
2.36

-

-

-

-

o n rl n p < » ra fo |

T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) _______________

-

2.72

293
130
30
122

2.22

2.82

90
27
204
391
190

2 .0 3

-

10

201

73

2.56
2.38

48
12

2.77
2!00

335
232
10
142
38
1 76
357

2.11
2.14
2.12
2.01
2.21
2.04

-

2

51

12

12

64
13

-

16
8

15
3

3
5

-

-

3

4

2

3

6

11

-

-

13
6
9
8
10
10

3

7

1
2

1

9
g
17
24

9
3
13
13
50

16
2

11

3

3

-

-

13
4
4

3

3

-

24
6

-

-

-

3
3

13
9

13
3

2

1
2

31
32
13
19

-

-

1

9

-

-

7

-

8

-

-

29

12
12

30

g
18
65
24
41

2

-

2

1

-

10

7

8

3

10

7

11

10

3
24

3
23

2

2

4

4

29

5
34

1

19

3
72

15

12

-

-

-

3

21

-

_

5

2

_
_

2.81

27
275

1

71

-

g
7

3

1

1

-

6

2 .10

2.38
2.41
2.35

2

17
11

3

2.5 7
2.24

S a n d e r s , f u r n i tu r e , h a n d _________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e ------------------B e lt_________________ __________________
O th e r th a n b e lt _ _____________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a tic
( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ---------------------------- --------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a te ) ___________________________ —
S p r a y e r s ____ ___________________ ________ ___
T en o n e r o p e ra to rs (se t up

-

5

4

9

4

9

2

6

4

2

45
38

16
12

15
13

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

_

7
7

2
5
2
17

29
14
15

-

-

-

3

-

-

2

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

19
9

19
17

35
15

21
14

-

-

-

17
8
2

42
28

-

3

3

9

9

19

7

3
9

■
a
20

16
42

g

19
3
21
33

24
9
21
37

56
32
5
14

44
40
3
26
10
53
75

_

2

2

65
25
40

29
14
15

44
37
7

11

2
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
_
_

1

1

2

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

2

_
_
-

20

4

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i tu r e
( e x c e p t c h a ir s ) 3 ---------------------------------------------S uba s s e m b li e s________________ __________
G l u e r s , ro u g h s t o c k _______________________ ______
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e _____ ______________ _______
P a r lr ^ r a fn rn ifn rA

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le ,




2 .0 2

-

34

12
16

1
17
23

-

13
26

7
25

2

T a b le 23. O ccupational earnings: W inston-Salem —High Point, N .C .1 Continued
—
(N u m b e r ^.nd a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w ood h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1971)

1 T h e W in s to n S a le m - H ig h P o in t a r e a c o n s is t s of D a v id so n , F o r s y th , G u ilfo r d , a n d R a n d o lp h C o u n tie s .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h if ts .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c la s s if i c a t io n in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .




T a b le 24. Earnings relationships: S elected regions and localities
( A v e ra g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s a s a p e rc e n t of th e n a tio n a l a v e r a g e f o r a l l m e n p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s 1 in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o ls te r e d ,
m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1971)
M en
R e g io n a n d l o c a lity

U n ite d S t a te s ---------------- --------------- -------------------N ew E n g la n d _________________________________
G a r d n e r , M a s s ________ __ _________ _____
M id d le A t la n tic _______________ _______________
J a m e s to w n , N .Y ----------------- —-----------------B o r d e r S t a te s ------------------------------------------------L o u i s v il le , K y .— n d _______________ _____
I
M a r t in s v i ll e , V a -----------—----------------------- S o u th e a s t_______________
____ ____________
H i c k o r y - S t a te s v il l e , N .C _______ _________
M ia m i a n d F o r t L a u d e r d a l e H o lly w o o d , F la _________________ ________
W in s to n -S a le m — igh P o in t, N. C ------------H
T e n n e s s e e ___ ___________ ________________ _
S o u th w e s t ___________ ______________________ __
A r k a n s a s__________________________-_______
G r e a t L a k e s _______________________ __________
C h ic a g o ________________ _____ _____________
E v a n s v ille , In d . — y -------------------------------K
G r a n d R a p i d s , M ic h ___________________ __
In d ia n a ___________________ _________________
P a c if i c _______________________________________
L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h a n d
L
A n a h e im — a n ta A na— a r d e n
S
G
G r o v e , C a l i f ______________ _____________

A ll p ro d u c tio n
w o rk e rs

A s s e m b le rs ,
c o m p le te
f u r n i tu r e
(c a s e g o o d s)

C u t- o ff -s a w
o p e ra to rs

P a c k e rs,
f u r n i tu r e

S a n d e rs,
f u r n i tu r e ,
m a c h in e , b e lt

Shaper
o p e ra to rs ,
h a n d , s e t up
a n d o p e ra te

S p ra y ers

109
113
117
119
118
91
216
85
93
100

107
106
113
115
114
95
91
93
100

116
111
111
119
102
111
191
102
103
103

85
99
98
112
105
80
128
76
79
82

96
100
115
105
101
83
176
78
84
86

100
120
147
106
111
91
134
91
89
102

106
126
_
122
123
94
.
95
99
105

104
114
124
128
126
91
221
87
92
98

121
96
83
88
89
114
115
97
114
114
125

136
96
84
82
86
136
114
106
125
141
138

130
99
79
86
81
117
121

89
83
80
84
89
102
89
81
88
98
94

87
81
82
82
123
97

109
106
139

114
94
113
107
127
116
121
122
133
142

103
136
123

119
98
79
93
98
111
119
96
119
109
126

_
104
91
93
98
107
114
105
124
104
139

134
96
86
89
93
121
124
99
113
121
132

118

139

147

159

88

109

128

147

131

-

D a s h e s in d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta th a t do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .




O ff-b e a re rs,
m a c h in e

100
106
114
114
112
88
160
85
90
95

1 T h e n a tio n a l a v e r a g e f o r a l l m e n p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s e q u a ls $ 2 .4 7 .
NOTE:

M a in te n a n c e
m en , g e n e ra l
u tility

-

T a b le 25. M ethod of w age paym ent
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o ls te re d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t,
U n ite d S t a te s , s e le c te d r e g i o n s , a n d l o c a l i t i e s , O c to b e r 1971)
R e g io n s
M e th o d of w a g e
p a y m e n t1

U n ited
S ta te s 1
2

N ew
E n g la n d

M iddle
A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S ta te s

L o c a litie s

S o u th e a s t

S o u th w e st

G re a t
L akes

P a c if ic

A rk an sas

C h ic a g o ,
111.

E v a n s v ille ,
In d .-K y .

A ll w o r k e r s __________ ______________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s ______________
_________
F o r m a l p l a n s ------------------------------------------------S in g le r a t e _______________ _______ __________
---- --------------R a n g e of r a t e s -------------- In d iv id u a l r a t e s ______________ ______________

83
46
13
32
37

72
39
13
26
33

73
28
10
19
45

87
36
8
28
51

95
50
5
44
45

60
51
3
48
9

64
41
20
21
23

98
70
62
8
28

53
42
5
37
11

79
48
12
36
31

61
47
_
47
14

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s _________ __
_______________
I n d iv id u a l p ie c e w o r k ______ __________________
G ro u p p ie c e w o r k --------------------------—__________
In d iv id u a l b o n u s ------------ --------- _------------------G ro u p b o n u s ____________ ____________________

17
5
1
5
6

28
10
4
12
2

27
10
1
12
4

13
1

5
2
3
-

47
28
4
3
12

39

8
4

36
7
3
7
19

21
10

-

40
24
3
2
11

2
(3 )

-

-

2
(3 )

-

-

8
3

10
29

L o c a litie s— C o n tin u e d

G a rd n e r,
M ass.

G ra n d
R a p id s ,
M ich .

H ic k o ry S ta te s v ille ,
N .C.

In d ia n a

J a m e s to w n ,
N .Y .

L os A n g e le sLong B each
a n d A n a h e im S a n ta A n a G a rd e n G r o v e ,
C a lif.

L o u is v ille ,
K y .-In d .

M a r t in s v i ll e ,
V a.

M ia m i a n d
F o rt
L a u d e r d a le —
H ollyw ood,
F la .

T en n e sse e

W in s to n S a le m H igh P o in t,
N .C.

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s ______________ ____________
F o r m a l p l a n s ----------------------- _ _____________
S in g le r a t e ------------------------ _ ________ __
R a n g e of r a t e s ------------------------------------------In d iv id u a l r a t e s _____________________________

55
44
39
5
11

88
6

99
36
36
64

46
41
15
27
5

46
11
_
11
35

96
60
47
13
37

31
11
11
_
21

100
46
_
46
54

87
44
40
4
43

79
48

100
56

48
31

56
44

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ---------------- ---------------------------I n d iv id u a l p ie c e w o r k ______ __________________
G ro u p p ie c e w o r k — ______ ____ _______________
In d iv id u a l b o n u s __________ ___ _____________ _
G ro u p b o n u s _________________________ _______

45
26
(3 )
10
9

12
1

1
1

4
(3 )

69
13
15
6
34

13
13

21
10

•
-

54
9
5
2
38

54
19

-

-

6
82

10
(3 )

-

28
7

3
1

_
_
_
_

_
_

NO TE:

B e c a u s e of ro u n d in g ,




s u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t e q u a l to ta ls ,

_

10

_

_
_
~

'

1 F o r d e fin itio n o f m e th o d of w a g e p a y m e n t, s e e a p p e n d ix A.
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

_




T a b le 26. S ch e d u le d weekly hours
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c tio n a n d o ffic e w o r k e r s in w ood h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o ls te r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s b y s c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s o f d a y - s h if t w o r k e r s , 1 U n ited S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1971)
M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S ta te s

U n ited
S ta te s 1
2

N ew
E n g la n d

100

100

100

100

U n d e r 40 h o u r s _________________________________
40 h o u r s _______________________ ______________
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 45 h o u r s _____________ _____
45 h o u r s _______ _________________ ___________
O v e r 45 a n d u n d e r 50 h o u r s ____________________
50 h o u r s ____________________________ _________ __
O v e r 50 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------

1
69
4
17
3
4
2

2
35
11
17
17
14
4

_
80
5
8
5
3
~

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________

100

100

100

100

S o u th w e st

G re a t
L akes

P a c if ic

100

100

100

100

_
68
5
20
2
5
-

_
86

1
70

.
97

-

-

-

10
4
“

23
1
5
1

3

100

100

100

100

1
2
3
85
1
2
6

2
98

3
47
11
25
4
3
8

W eek ly h o u r s

S o u th e a s t

P r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s __________________________ _

-

"

O ffic e w o r k e r s

U n d e r 35 h o u r s _________________________________
35 h o u r s ________________________________________
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s ____________________
40 h o u r s ________________________________________
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 45 h o u r s
45 h o u r s _
__ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _____
O v e r 45 h o u r s _____________________________ ___

( 3)
2
4
91
( 3)
1
1

_
2
6
89
3
-

1 D a ta r e l a t e to th e p re d o m in a n t w o rk s c h e d u le in e a c h e s ta b lis h m e n t.
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta fo r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 L e s s th a n 0.5 p e rc e n t.
NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta ls .

_

1
-

9
8
83

3
96

-

-

( 3)

( 3)
1
95
( 3)
1

_
-

7
89
-

5

_
-

-




T a b le 27. S h ift differential provisions
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s b y s h ift d i f f e r e n tia l p r o v is io n s 1 in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u rn itu r e * e x c e p t u p h o ls te re d * m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts *
U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d re g io n s * O c to b e r 1971)
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________

N ew
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

52.5
4 5 .8
39.6
9.7
.4
.5
.6
.7
20.2
.4
1.3
5.3
.1
.2
.1
5 .0
1.4
.3
3.1
.2
.4
.8
6.7

54.2
54.2
50.0
3.7
39.3
2 .4
4 .6
4.2
4 .2
-

35.1
35.1
18.0
3.2
6.2
8 .6
12.2
3.1
9.1
4 .9
-

71.8
5 5 .9
5 5 .6
17.3
2. 7
35 .6
.3
.3
15.9

37 .6
30.7
2 5 .8
11.4
.8
5 .4
1.0
7.2
4 .9
3.8
1.2
6 .9

73.1
66.5
66.5
20.5
4 .4
4 1 .6
6.6

65.3
63.4
56.4
5.4
1.2
3.4
2.2
31.9
5.4
6.2
.7
7.0
7.0
1.9

54.5
47.1
2 9 .9
15.2
5.2
7.8
1.6
7.5
7.5
4 .6
5.1
7.4

19.6
19.2
16.7
.6
.4
.2
1.9
4 .9
1.9
4 .9
.6
1.1
.3
1.3
.3
.9
.1
1.1
.5

17.1
17.1
17.1
3.7
4 .0
7.0
2 .4
▼
-

2 2 .6
2 2 .6
14.6
3.2
7.8
3.6
3.1
3.1
4 .9

16.8
16.8
16.5
13.3
3.2
.3
.3
-

12.3
11.1
11.1
.8
2 .3
2.5
5.5
1.3

19.5
19.5
19.5
2.1
17.4
-

31.3
31.3
2 6.3
2.1
1.1
8.9
3.4
7.3
2 .7
.7
5.0
4 .3
.7
_
_

29.1
29.1
22.1
8 .9
3.7
7.8
1.6
1.9
1.9
_
5.1

U n ited
S ta te s 2

S o u th w e st

G re a t
Lakes

P a c if ic

S e c o n d s h if t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s h a v in g s e c o n d
s h if t p r o v is i o n s ________________________________
W ith s h if t d iff e r e n t ia l ________________________
U n if o rm c e n ts p e r h o u r __________________
5 c e n t s ________________________________
6 c e n ts
__
_ _ _ _ _
7 c e n t s ________________________________
8 c e n ts
9 r e n ts
10 c e n ts ________________________________
11 c e n ts
_
_
12 c e n ts ________________________________
15 c e n ts ______________ _______________
20 c e n ts __
_
_ _
25 c e n ts _____ ____________ ____ __ _
30 r e n t s
. .. . ....
_ .. ... _ ....
U n ifo rm p e r c e n t a g e __
_ _ __ ___
5 p e r c e n t ______________________________
7.5 p e r c e n t ______________________
10 p e r c e n t _____________________________
15 p e r c e n t ________________________ ___
F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ________
O th e r f o r m a l p a id d iff e re n tia ] ____________
W ith no s h if t d if f e r e n t ia l ____________________
T h i r d o r o th e r l a t e s h ift
W o rk e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s h a v in g t h i r d o r o t h e r l a t e - s h i f t p r o v is i o n s
W ith s h if t d if f e r e n tia ] ________________________
U n if o rm c e n ts p e r h o u r __________________
5 c e n ts
6 c e n t s ____________________________ __
7 c e n ts .
8 c e n t s ..... _
10 c e n t s ___
_ __________ _
12 c e n ts ________________________________
15 c e n ts _______________ ______ __________
18 c e n ts ________________________________
20 c e n ts
30 c e n ts _______________________________
U n if o r m p e r c e n t a g e
... _ _ _ _____ _
_
7.5 p e r c e n t ____________________________
10 p e r c e n t _____________________________
15 p e r c e n t _____________________________
F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ________
O th e r f o r m a l p a id d i f f e r e n t i a l . _
W ith n o s h if t d if f e r e n t i a ] ______________________

-

-

1 R e f e r s to p o l ic i e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tl y o p e ra tin g la te s h if ts o r h a v in g p r o v is io n s c o v e rin g la te s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te l y .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s .

-

_
_




T a b le 28. P aid holidays
(P e r c e n t o f pro d u ctio n and o ffic e w o r k e r s in wood household fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o ls te r e d , m a n u fa ctu rin g e s ta b lish m e n ts w ith fo rm a l p r o v isio n s
fo r paid h o lid a y s , United S ta tes and s e le c te d r e g io n s, O ctober 1971)
N u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s

U n ited
S ta te s 1

New
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

Southw e s t

G reat
Lakes

P a c if ic

P r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s _____________________ __________
W o rk e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p ro v id in g
p a id h o l id a y s — ____________ _________________ _
1 d a y - ______________ ________________ ________
2 days . ,
__ ...... .
2 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _______ _______________
3 d a y s ______
__ _ _
_________ ____
3 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ______________________
4 d a y s ------------ --------------------------------------------4 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _____ -________________
5 d a y s _____ ___________ ______________________
6 d a y s __________________ -___________________
6 d a y s p lu s 1, 2 , o r 3 h a lf d a y s ----------------7 d a y s _______________________________________
7 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _______ ___ ___________
7 d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
8 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------8 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ______________________
8 d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
9 d a y s _______________________________________
9 d a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s ________________
10 d a y s____________ ___________ _____________
10 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _____________________
11 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------W o rk e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p ro v id in g
n o p a id h o l id a y s ________ — ________________ .

100
90
3
4
1
9
l
4
(2 )
9
19
1
13
2
2
11
1
1
6
0

(*)
(2 )
2
10

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
3
20
35
2
5
10
3
8
8
2
3

100
2
16
9
6
2
11
3
1
25
5
4
3
14

74
2
18
15
4
6
5
6
1
13
1
1
3
-

87
6
4
2
16
8
17
20
1
2
8
1
_
_
_
-

90
5
_
2
20
18
40
_
5
_
-

98
_
_
1
1
2
20
5
26
8
6
14
1
_
13
_

1

100
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
25
5
8
_
3
45
_
2
12
_
_
_
_

"

“

26

13

10

2

-

(2 )

O ffic e w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p ro v id in g
p a id h o l id a y s _________________________________
2 d a y s ____- ____________ ___________________
3 days
_
3 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y .._______ ____________
4 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ____________________ _____ ____________ _
5 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d ay ______________________
6 d a y s _____________________ ______ _________
6 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ______________________
6 d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
6 d a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s _____________________
7 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------7 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ______________________
7 d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
8 d a y s _______________________________________
8 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d ay ______________________
8 d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
9 d a y s _______________________________________
9 d a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s ________________
10 d a y s _________________________ -___________
10 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___ ________________
11 d a y s _______________________ -____ _________
O v e r 11 d a y s _______________________________
W o rk e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p ro v id in g
n o p a id h o l id a y s __________________ __________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

100

100

100

87

100

_
_

97
5

100

_
1

1
4
1
2
9
1
28
1
2
2
16
2
2
13
1
2
5
1
1
(2 )
2
(2 )

-

3

-

-

8

16

-

-

43
4
4
5
2
17
5
2

11
3
3
10
2
1
13
9
8
2
15
3

-

9
-

4

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o se sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e rc e n t.
NO TE: B e c a u s e o f rounding, su m s o f individual ite m s m a y not equal t o ta ls .

1
4
4
2
6
67
(2 )
2
8
2
4
_
_

3
14
_
6
20
19
1
1
5
_
16
(2 )
_
_
_
_
_

(2 )
13

_
_
_
25
6
24
_
_
_
33
_
_
4
_
_
_
_
_

3

(2 )
1
1
_
24
3
5
9
20
4
5
15
1
10
_
_

1
_

I
_

_

_
_
28
3
3
_
10
5
45
1
2
3
_
_
_
_
_




T a b le 29. P aid vacations
( P e r c e n t o f p ro d u ctio n and o ffic e w o r k e r s in wood h o u seh o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c e p t u p h o ls te r e d , m a n u fa ctu rin g e s ta b lish m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v isio n s
fo r paid v a c a tio n s a fte r s e le c te d p e r io d s of s e r v ic e , U nited S ta tes and s e le c te d r e g io n s , O ctober 1971)
U n ited
S ta te s 1

V a c a tio n p o lic y

New
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S ta te s

S o u th w e st

G re a t
L akes

100

100

100

93
63
30
(3)

96
88
8
-

98
64
34
-

100
97
3
-

S o u th e a s t

P a c if ic

P r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s ____

__________________

— —

100

100

100

100

100

100
73
27
-

97
88
8
-

98
55
43
-

3

2

7

4

2

~

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ___ ___________________ _______
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t_________________________
O th e r _________________________________________
W o rk e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s _________________ __ _______

96
70
26
( 3)
4

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 2
A f te r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ____ __________________ ______
1 w e e k ______________ ________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________ —
2 w e e k s ______________________________________
O v e r 2 w e e k s _________________________________
A f te r 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________ .
2 w e e k s ______ _____ ________ _________ „______
O v e r 2 w e e k s ________________________________
A f te r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________ ______________
1 w e e k ________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________
O v e r 2 w e e k s _________________________________
A f te r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ______________________________________ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________
A f te r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ______________________________________ O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d tin d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________
3 w e e k s _ ____________________________________
O v e r 3 w e e k s _________________________________
A f te r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________________
4 w e e k s a n d o v e r ____________________________
A f te r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e : 4
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________
5 w e e k s ______________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .

1
81
3
6
3

95
1
4
-

93
2
1
-

94
-

3
67
2
14
8

2
92
-

1
81
13
2
-

94
2
-

1
65
10
16
3

61
20
19
-

66
17
14
-

85
5
4
-

3
57
5
19
8

2
91
3
-

47
28
23
-

75
25
-

1
45
14
32
4

43
31
24
1

22
24
47
2

79
9
7
-

2
51
7
25
8

2
70
6
18
-

25
34
36
2

9
91
-

24
1
62
3
6

10
89
1

7
2
76
9
2

56
41
-

35
2
46
1
8

10
86
-

3
1
81
9
2

2
80
17

21
1
42
5
26
2

10
55
22
13
-

2
36
11
48
-

54
40
3
-

28
1
44
1
19
-

10
67
20
-

3
1
36
15
37
5

2
21
4
66
7

21
( 3)
30
2
37
3
2

10
43
7
38
2
-

2
17
4
52
14
8

54
38
1
5
-

28
1
34
30
-

10
32
55
-

3
24
6
52
8
6

2
21
60
9
8

21
( 3)
29
2
30
3
11
1

10
43
7
18
6
16

2
17
4
47
1
27

54
38
1
4
1

28
1
32
29
2

10
26
60
-

3
24
5
24
7
35

2
21
49
12
8
7




T a b le 29. P aid vacations— Continued
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u ctio n and o ffic e w o r k e r s in wood h ou seh old fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o ls te r e d , m an u factu rin g e s ta b lish m e n ts w ith fo rm a l p r o v isio n s
fo r p aid v a c a tio n s a fte r s e le c te d p e r io d s of s e r v ic e , U n ited S ta te s and s e le c te d r e g io n s , O ctober 1971)
V a c a tio n p o lic y

U n ited
S ta te s 1

N ew
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

Southw e s t

G re a t
L akes

P a c if ic

O ffic e w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
92
6

100
100
-

99
91
8

100
96
4

95
84
11

97
97
-

99
90
10

100
100
_

2

-

1

-

5

3

( 3)
67
2
26
2

49
51
-

74
2
23
-

74
22
_

1
50
1
36
7

1
82
.
12
_

.
70
6
22
_

( 3)
44
7
45
1

18
1
81
-

47
15
37
-

61
6
29
.

1
33
2
51
8

1
73
24
_

_
46
14
40
_

(3)
29
9
57
2

11
1
88
-

25
18
53
4

56
7
33
-

1
28
4
54
8

1
54
_
42
_

_
22
19
58

8
2
82
3
4
( 3)

2
98
-

7
4
82
3
4
-

8
5
75
12
.
.

16
.
70
_
7
1

13
_
84
_
_
_

l

( 3)
93
3

7
58
3
30
( 3)

2
84
13
-

3
41
8
47
-

7
75
18
_

15
59
1
19
1

13
67
.
17
_

55
9
34

7
44
1
42
1
2

2
57
40
1
-

3
27
5
53
4
8

7
67
.
26
.
.

15
45
_
31
_
4

13
46
_
38
_
_

1
39
2
53
2
2

7
44
1
35
1
10
( 3)

2
57
38
3

3
27
5
47
2
16

7
67
24
2

15
45
.
27
.
7
1

13
41

1
39
2
27
5
25

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p ro v id in g
p a id v a c a tio n s .
_____
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _____ _
W o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p ro v id in g
no p a id v a c a tio n s

(3)

-

A m o u n t of v a c a tio n p ay 2
A f te r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________
1 w eek.
___
O v er 1 and u n d e r 2 w eeks
2 w e e k s ______________________________________
O ver 2 w eeks
___. . .
A f te r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________________________
O v er 1 and u n d e r 2 w eeks .
2 w e e k s ______________________________________
O v e r 2 w e e k s ________________________________
A f te r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________
2 w eeks
_ .
_
__ _
O ver 2 w eeks
_ .....
_
A f te r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w eek.
_ _
. . .
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________
3 w eeks _ _ _
_
_
_
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ___ _
A f te r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w eek.
_ _
__
2 w e e k s ______________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________
..... .........
3 w eeks _
_
O v e r 3 w e e k s ____ ____ _
_
A f te r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w eek. _
_ _________
2 w eeks. . . .
_ _____
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w eeks
3 w eeks
... __
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________
4 w e e k s a n d o v e r ________________________
A f te r 20 y e a r s , of s e r v i c e : 4
1 w eelL
2 w eeks.
_
_ ______
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________
3 w eeks
.
..
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______ _
4 w eeks
. ........... .. .......... .
5 w eeks and o v er
..................

_
43
_
_

l

_
l

_

_
81
15

_
42
4
54

_
8
4
87
4
4
81
11
4
30
66
4
30
64
j
4
30
59
1
6

1 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
2 V a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , su c h a s p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s , w e r e c o n v e rte d to a n e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s i s . P e r io d s of s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n
a n d do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n . F o r e x a m p le , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r tio n s in d ic a te d a t 10 y e a r s m a y in c lu d e c h a n g e s
o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
3 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
4 V a c a tio n p r o v is io n s w e r e v i r t u a ll y th e s a m e a f t e r lo n g e r p e r io d s of s e r v i c e .
NO TE:

B e c a u s e of rounding, su m s of individual ite m s m a y not equal t o ta ls .

T a b le 30. Health, Insurance, and retirement plans
(P e r c e n t of p rod u ctio n and o ffic e w o r k e r s in w ood h o u se h o ld fu r n itu r e , e x c ep t u p h o lster e d , m an u fa ctu rin g e s ta b lish m e n ts w ith s p e c ifie d h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and r e tir e m e n t p la n s,
U n ited S ta te s and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , O cto b er 1971)
S o u th ­
w est

P a c if ic

U n ite d
S ta te s 2

N ew
E n g la n d

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

91
45

91
72

85
76

92
51

93
60

70
43

99
27

97
42

87
55

93
64

89
76

66
22

45
29

70
58

73
68

60
39

87
57

49
28

43
16

56
25

46
32

69
57

75
66

92
92
28

58
55
12

47
47
24

84
84
68

26
21
18

65
45
27

91
67
37

55
46
32

75
42
24

56
36
12

34
24
13

88
72
58

44
17
7

5

1

-

-

5

31

46

16

43

29

9

31

41

2
96
25
96
25
80
23
70
16
64
57
54
7

-

5
100
87
100
87
100
87
98
85
65
65
59

3
96
51
96
51
89
48
80
40
58
55
50
3

14
100
45
100
45
99
44
78
34
67
62
62
5

8
80
47
80
47
62
38
44
25
45
42
35
3

-

-

93
66
93
66
93
66
87
60
33
33
33

4
97
71
97
71
94
69
70
48
51
47
44
5

4
100
81
100
81
100
81
97
78
43
43
39

T y p e of p la n 1

U n ite d
S ta te s 2

N ew
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th ­
east

A ll w o r k e r s _________ _____ _________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
49

90
61

94
71

94
30

95
33

64
36

82
54

65
49

49
17

65
62
30

76
72
50

52
49
43

2

-

8

G re a t
Lakes

M id d le
A tla n tic

P ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s

W o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e ____________ . ____ _____________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ____________________
A c c id e n ta l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e . . . ________________________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ___—_______________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o th 3 _____________ ________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s _________________
S ic k le a v e ( fu ll p a y , n o
w a itin g p e r i o d ) --------------------------------------S ic k le a v e ( p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) --------------------------------------H o s p ita liz a tio n i n s u r a n c e ___________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s _________ __________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e —_____________ ____ ____
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ___________________ _
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e —
________ —___ __________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ______________ _____
M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________ _
N on c o n tr i b u to r y p la n s ____________________
R e t ir e m e n t p la n s 4 _________________________ _
P e n s io n s _________________ _____________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s _________________
S e v e ra n c e p a y — ---------------------------------------

3
97
45
97
45
82
40
71
30
64
60
57
5

4
100
46
100
46
99
44
65
25
70
64
64
6

4
97
69
97
69
61
43
35
24
70
68
65
2

-

97
23
97
23
70
16
78
9
81
81
77

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th ­
e ast

S o u th ­
w est

G re a t
L akes

P a c if ic

O ffice w o r k e r s

96
55
96
55
96
55
95
53
44
44
44

8
96
75
96
75
88
68
61
47
60
53
49
9

98
24
98
24
94
22
92
17
93
93
87

98
36
98
36
84
34
88
31
64
58
48
6

1 " N o n c o n trib u to r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p la n s fin a n c e d e n ti r e l y by th e e m p lo y e r. L e g a lly r e q u i r e d p la n s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n a n d s o c ia l s e c u r i ty a r e e x c lu d e d ; h o w e v e r , p la n s
r e q u i r e d b y S ta te t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i li ty i n s u r a n c e la w s a r e in c lu d e d if th e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s m o r e th a n i s le g a lly r e q u i r e d o r th e e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e b e n e fits in e x c e s s of le g a l r e q u i r e m e n ts .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te ly .
3 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a te l y .
4 U n d u p lic a te d t o ta l of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y p e n s io n s a n d r e t i r e m e n t s e v e r a n c e p a y show n s e p a r a te l y .

Table 31. Other selected benefits
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c tio n a n d o ffic e w o r k e r s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i tu r e , e x c e p t u p h o ls te re d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r f u n e r a l le a v e p a y ,
j u r y d u ty p a y , a n d t e c h n o lo g ic a l s e v e r a n c e p a y , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g io n s , O c to b e r 1971)
T y p e of b e n e f i t 1

U n ite d
S ta te s 2

New
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S ta te s

S o u th ­
east

S o u th ­
w est

G re a t
Lakes

P a c if ic

U n ite d
S ta te s 2

N ew
E n g la n d

M iddle
A tla n tic

P r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s
W o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith
p r o v is io n s f o r:
F u n e r a l le a v e p a y ------------------------------------------J u r y du ty p a y -------------------------------------------------T e c h n o lo g ic a l s e v e r a n c e p a y -------------------------

26
41
1

46
56
6

51
37

1 F o r d e fin itio n of i t e m s , s e e a p p e n d ix A .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te ly .




11
63

16
36

B o rd e r
S ta te s

S o u th ­
east

S o u th ­
w est

G re a t
L akes

P a c if ic

O ffice w o r k e r s

13
20

54
48
6

10
19
2

32
43
3

43
66
3

48
41

18
66
3

31
43
1

17
9

45
46
10

18
14
3

A p p e n d ix A .

S co p e and M e th o d o f S u rve y

Scope of survey

The survey included establishments engaged primarily
in manufacturing wood household furniture (except
upholstered) commonly used in dwellings (SIC 2511 as
defined in the 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial
Classification Manual, prepared by the U.S. Office of
Management and Budget). Manufacturers of wood
kitchen cabinets on a factory basis and camp furniture
were included. Separate auxiliary units such as central
offices were excluded.
The establishments studied were selected from those
employing 20 workers or more at the time of reference
of the data used in compiling the universe lists.
The number of establishments and workers studied
by the Bureau, as well as the number estimated to be in
the industry during the payroll period studied, are
shown in table A -l.
Products

The classification of establishments by product was
based on the principal type of furniture manufactured.
For example, if the value of an establishment’s produc­
tion was 40 percent bedroom furniture, and 30 percent
dining room and kitchen furniture, and 30 percent living
room, library, and hall furniture, all workers in that
establishment were classified under bedroom furniture.

turing operations are performed. An establishment is not
necessarily identical with the company, which may
consist of one establishment or more.
Employment

Estimates of the number of workers within the scope
of the study are intended as a general guide to the size
and composition of the industry’s labor force, rather
than precise measures of employment.
Production workers and officeworkers

The terms “production workers” and “production
and related workers” as used in this bulletin, include
working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers
engaged in nonoffice activities. Administrative, execu­
tive, professional, and technical personnel, and forceaccount construction employees, who were utilized as a
separate work force on the firm’s own properties, were
excluded.
The term “officeworkers” includes all nonsupervisory
officeworkers and excludes administrative, executive,
professional, and technical employees.
Occupations selected for study

Occupational classification was based on a uniform
set of job descriptions designed to take account of
interestablishment and interarea variations in duties
within the same job. (See appendix B for these descrip­
tions.) The occupations were chosen for their numerical
importance, their usefulness in collective bargaining, or
their representativeness of the entire job scale in the
industry. Working supervisors, apprentices, learners,
beginners, trainees, and handicapped, part-time, tempo­
rary, and probationary workers were not reported in the
data for selected occupations but were included in the
data for all production workers.

Method of study

Data were obtained by personal visits of the Bureau’s
field staff. The survey was conducted on a sample basis.
To obtain appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a
greater proportion of large than of small establishments
was studied. In combining the data, however, all
establishments were given their appropriate weight. All
estimates are presented, therefore, as relating to all
establishments in the industry, excluding only those
below the minimum size at the time of reference of the
universe data.

Wage data
Establishment definition

Information on wages relates to straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for
work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Incentive

An establishment, for purposes of this study, is
defined as a single physical location where manufac­



51

Table A-1. Estimated number of establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, wood
household furniture (except upholstered) manufacturing industry, October 19711
Number o f
establishments 3
Region,

1

State, and area

2

W ithin
scope o f
study

Workers in establishments
A ctually
studied

W ithin scope o f study

A ctually
studied
Total 4

Production
workers

O ffice
workers

Total

United States 5 .........

1,057

348

147,624

127,232

5,970

87.548

New E ngland........................
Gardner, Mass..................
Middle A tla n tic ....................
Jamestown, N .Y .............
Border States........................
Louisville, K y.— Ind.........
M artinsville, V a .............
Southeast...............................
H ickory— Statesville,
N.C ...............................
Miami and F ort
Lauderdale— H olly­
wood, F la ......................
Tennessee........................
W inston-Salem High Point, N .C ...........
S outhw est.............................
Arkansas...........................
Great Lakes...........................
Chicago, I I I ......................
Grand Rapids, M ich .___
Indiana.............................
Evansville,
Ind.— K y ..................
P a c ific ...................................
Los Angeles— Long
Beach and Anaheim—
Santa Ana— Garden
Grove, C a lif..................

76
19
188
11
68
11
12
271

30
11
43
8
33
9
7
101

7,204
1,907
13,720
1,246
21,043
1,901
9,095
54,274

5,985
1,535
11,325
1,031
18,208
1,619
8,104
48,279

497
163
668
74
879
43
289
1,513

4,716
1,662
5,724
1,027
14,920
1,858
5,339
34,265

40

21

12,530

11,385

250

9,142

24
37

11
17

1,447
8,822

1,230
7,869

32
298

908
6,151

36
67
24
209
36
23
63

15
20
12
72
15
14
25

9,271
11,005
6,946
26,285
2,664
2,088
12,507

8,192
9,433
6,165
22,199
2,266
1,651
10,566

312
490
246
1,205
128
142
559

6,213
7,248
5,665
13,709
1,564
1,737
7,574

6
155

6
42

1,311
11,924

1,109
9,976

24
617

1,311
5,869

107

28

7,014

5,789

357

3,005

1 The regions used in this study include: New England— Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island,
and Verm ont; M iddle A tla n tic-— New Jersey, New Y ork, and Pennsylvania; Border States— Delaware, D istrict o f Columbia,
Kentucky, M aryland, V irginia, and West V irginia; Southeast-— Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, N orth Carolina, South
Carolina, and Tennessee; Southwest— Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; Great Lakes— Illin o is, Indiana, Michigan,
Minnesota, O hio, and W isconsin; and P acific— California, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington. Regional data include areas in addition
to those shown separately.
2 For d e fin itio n o f the selected areas, see footnote 1, tables 11-15,17-21, and 23.
3 Includes only establishments w ith 20 workers or more at the tim e o f reference of the universe data.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the production and o ffice w orker categories shown
separately.
5 Includes data fo r regions in addition to those shown separately. Alaska and Hawaii were not included in the study.




52

payments, such as those resulting from piecework or
production bonus systems and cost-of-living bonuses,
were included as part of the workers’ regular pay ; but
nonproduction bonus payments, such as Christmas or
yearend bonuses, were excluded.
Average (mean) hourly rates or earnings for each
occupation or other group of workers, such as produc­
tion workers, were calculated by weighting each rate (or
hourly earnings) by the number of workers receiving the
rate, totaling, and dividing by the number of individuals.
The hourly earnings of salaried workers were obtained
by dividing straight-time salary by normal rather than
actual hours.

worker. A single rate structure is one in which the same
rate is paid to all experienced workers in the same job
classification. Learners, apprentices, or probationary
workers may be paid according to rate schedules which
start below the single rate and permit the workers to
achieve the full job rate over a period of time. Individual
experienced workers occasionally may be paid above Or
below the single rate for special reasons, but such
payments are exceptions. Range of rate plans are those
in which the minimum and/or maximum rates paid
experienced workers for the same job are specified.
Specific rates of individual workers within the range may
be determined by merit, length of service, or a combina­
tion of various concepts of merit and length of service.
Incentive workers are classified under piecework or
bonus plans. Piecework is work for which a predeter­
mined rate is paid for each unit of output. Production
bonuses are based on production in excess of a quota or
for completion of a task in less than standard time.

Size of community

Tabulations by size of community pertain to metro­
politan and nonmetropolitan areas. The term “metro­
politan area,” as used in this bulletin, refers to the
Standard Metropolitan Areas as defined by the U.S.
Office of Management and Budget through January
1968.
Except in New England, a Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Area is defined as a county or group of
contiguous counties which contains at least one city of
50,000 inhabitants or more. Contiguous counties to the
one containing such a city are included in a Standard
Metropolitan Statistical Area, if, according to certain
criteria, they are essentially metropolitan in character
and are socially and economically integrated with the
central city. In New England, where the city and town
are administratively more important than the county,
they are the units used in defining Standard Metro­
politan Statistical Areas.

Scheduled weekly hours

Data on weekly hours refer to the predominant work
schedule for full-time production workers (or officeworkers) employed on the day shift, regardless of sex.
Shift provisions

Shift provisions relate to the policies of establish­
ments either currently operating late shifts or having
formal provisions covering late shift work.
Supplementary wage provisions

Supplementary benefits were treated statistically. If
formal provisions were applicable to half or more of the
production workers (or officeworkers) in an establish­
ment, the benefits were considered applicable to all such
workers. Similarly, if fewer than half of the workers
were covered, the benefit was considered nonexistent in
the establishment. Because of length-of-service and other
eligibility requirements, the proportion of workers
receiving the benefits may be smaller than estimated.

Labor-management agreements

Separate wage data are presented, where possible, for
establishments that had (1) a majority of the production
workers covered by labor-management contracts, and
(2) none or a minority of the production workers
covered by labor-management contracts.
Method of wage payment

Paid holidays. Paid holiday provisions relate to full-day
and half-day holidays provided annually.

Tabulations by method of wage payment relate to the
number of workers paid under the various time and
incentive wage systems. Formal rate structures for
time-rated workers provide single rates or a range of
rates for individual job categories. In the absence of a
formal rate structure, pay rates are determined primarily
with reference to the qualifications of the individual




Paid vacations. The summaries of vacation plans are
limited to formal arrangements, excluding informal plans
whereby time off with pay is granted at the discretion of
the employer or the supervisor. Payments not on a time
basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2
53

percent of annual earnings was considered the equivalent
of 1 week’s pay. The periods o f service for which data
are presented represent the most common practices, but
they do not necessarily reflect individual establishment
provisions for progression. For example, the changes in
proportions indicated at 10 years o f service may include
changes which occurred between 5 and 10 years.

illness; informal arrangements have been omitted.
Separate tabulations are provided according to (1) plans
which provide full pay and no waiting period, and
(2) plans providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for com­
plete or partial payment of doctors’ fees. Such plans
may be underwritten by a commercial insurance com­
pany or a nonprofit organization, or they may be a form
of self-insurance.
Major medical insurance, sometimes referred to as
extended medical insurance, includes the plans designed
to cover employees in case of sickness or injury involving
an expense which exceeds the normal coverage of
hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Tabulations of retirement pensions are limited to
plans which provide regular payments for the remainder
of the retiree’s life. Data are presented separately for
retirement severance pay (one payment or several over a
specified period o f time) made to employees on retire­
m en t. Establishments providing both retirement
severance payments and retirement pensions to
employees were considered as having both retirement
pensions and retirement severance plans. Establishments
having optional plans providing employees a choice of
either retirement severance payments or pensions were
considered as having only retirement pension benefits.

H ealth , insurance and retirem ent plans. Data are pre­

sented for health, insurance, pension, and retirement
severance plans for which all or a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excluding programs required by
law such as workmen’s compensation and social security.
Among the plans included are those underwritten by a
commercial insurance company, and those paid directly
by the employer from his current operating funds or
from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life
insurance. Sickness and accident insurance is limited to
that type of insurance under which predetermined cash
payments are made directly to the insured on a weekly
or monthly basis during illness or accident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes at least a part of the cost.
However, in New York and New Jersey, where tempo­
rary disability insurance laws require employer contribu­
tions,1 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required or (2) provides the
employees with benefits which exceed the requirements
of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are limited to
formal plans which provide full pay or a proportion of
the worker’s pay during absence from work because of

Paid funeral and ju ry-d u ty leave. Data for paid funeral

and jury-duty leave relate to formal plans which provide
at least partial payment for time lost as a result of
attending funerals of specified family members or
serving as a juror.
Technological severance pay. Data refer to formal plans
providing for payments to employees permanently
separated from the company through no fault of their
own.

1 The temporary disability insurance laws in California and
Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.




54

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of
payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to
area. This permits the grouping o f occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content,
the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or
those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field staff are
instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; handicapped,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

Complete
engaged in
articles of
television,
from wood

Plant occupations
Assembler, furniture (except chairs)
(B ed assembler; table assembler; cabinet assembler;
back maker; fram e maker)

C om p lete furniture pieces (other than case
goods)—
Workers engaged in assembling complete
articles o f furniture (other than case goods), such as
tables, beds, and occasional pieces, from wood parts
and/or subassemblies.

Assembles and fastens together wooden parts or
assemblies to form sections, frames, or complete articles
of furniture (except chairs). Work involves m ost o f the
follow ing: Trimming joints to fit, using handtools;
applying glue to joints or edges o f stock and putting
parts or sections together; placing assembled parts in
clamp until glue has dried or reinforcing joints with
dowels, screws, staples, or nails; and attaching glue
blocks, corner blocks, drawer guides, tops, molding,
shelves, dust bottoms, or skids with nails, screws, glue or
staples. May also drill holes and attach parts o f drawer
locks. This classification excludes: (1) Cabinet makers
who, in addition to assembling furniture, are responsible
for shaping wood parts from rough stock (2) workers
assembling relatively inexpensive furniture that is nailed
or glued together and sold unfinished; and (3) workers
who specialize in attaching parts such as doors, hinges,
knobs, skids, and baffle screens, in fitting drawers,
doors, and trays into furniture, or in assembling small
parts such as desk trays, card file boxes and display
pedestals.

Subassemblies—
Workers engaged in assembling subassemblies, which will later be used in complete
articles o f furniture, from wood parts and/or other
subassemblies.

Assembler, chairs

/ Chair maker)
Assembles shaped and fitted wooden parts to form
plain or semiupholstered chairs. Work involves gluing,
nailing, screwing, or clamping the parts together.
For wage study purposes, workers are to be classified
according to the type of chair assembled:

For wage study purposes, furniture assemblers are to
be classified according to type o f assembly work, as
follows:




furniture pieces (case goods)—
Workers
final assembly of bodies (cases) for such
furniture as book cases; chests; radio,
and phonograph cabinets; and vanities,
parts and/or subassemblies.

Lawn or o u td o o r chairs
O ther than lawn or o u td o o r chairs
55

Molding-machine operator

Cut-off-saw operator
(Cut-off-saw operator , treadle operated; swinging cut-off-saw operator)

(M older operator; m olding maker , machine; w oodmolding-machine operator)

Operates a swinging or treadle-operated cut-off saw to
cut wooden stock to desired lengths; grades and cuts
stock to best advantage, eliminating knots and other
defects.

Operates a machine that planes wooden boards or
strips on all sides and shapes item to required cross
section. For wage survey purposes, workers are to be
classified as follows:
Set-up and operate
F eed only

Double-end-trimmer-and-boring-machine operator

Sets up and operates machine to trim or miter ends of
wooden furniture parts and bore holes for dowels. Work
involves m ost o f the follow ing: Inserting bits in chucks
and tightening chuck jaws; setting angle and spacing of
circular saws, according to specifications; attaching
holders, jigs or stops to table and adjusting clamps;
starting automatic trimming and boring cycle and
positioning stock under clamps where it is held during
trimming and boring operations.

Off-bearer, machine
(Catcher; machine tailer; tailer)

Catches or receives wooden parts as they come off
the discharge end of a machine; piles products or loads
materials on conveyor or truck for transfer elsewhere.

Packer, furniture
Gluer, rough stock
(Crater)
(Clamp-carrier operator; glue-clamp-machine opera­
tor; glue-press operator; glue-rack operator; gluewheel operator; glueman; revolving-press operator;
rotary-clam p operator; squeezer operator)

Prepares furniture or furniture parts for shipment.
Performs m ost o f the follow ing: Placing units in wooden
crates or corrugated cardboard cartons; arranging pack­
ing material around articles; sealing shipping containers
with nails or tape; placing identifying marks or labels on
containers; nailing blocks or wooden strips in crates to
prevent shifting of articles; and building crates around
very large pieces.
This classification does not include workers who
make crates or crate parts but do not prepare furniture
for shipment, or who specialize in wrapping furniture
parts for shipment.

Applies glue to edges or surfaces o f wooden pieces to
be joined, assembles and clamps the glued boards into a
press until the glue has set or hardened. May also prepare
glue.

Maintenance man, general utility

Keeps in repair the machines, mechanical equipment
and/or structure o f an establishment (usually a small
plant where specialization in maintenance work is
impractical). Duties involve the performance o f opera­
tions and the use o f tools and equipment of several
trades, rather than specialization in one trade or one
type of maintenance work only. Work involves a
com bination o f the follow ing: Planning and laying out
of work relating to repair o f buildings, machines,
mechanical and/or electrical equipment; repairing elec­
trical and/or mechanical equipment; installing, aligning
and balancing new equipment; repairing buildings, floors
or stairs as well as making and repairing bins, cribs, and
partitions.




Planer operator
(Facer operator; planer; surface operator; woodplaner operator)

Operates a single- or double-surface planer to level off
irregularities and cut a smooth surface on rough stock,
reducing it to specified thickness. For wage survey
purposes, workers are to be classified as follows:
Set-up and operate
F eed on ly
56

Plastic-top installer

Sander, furniture, hand

Installs laminated plastic tops on furniture, such as
cabinets, counters, tables, and desks. Work involves m ost
o f the follow ing: Applying adhesive to surface of
furniture; positioning plastic top on adhesive-coated
section o f furniture; smoothing and pressing top onto
surface; and trimming and smoothing edges o f top. May
also clean laminated plastic, attach edge molding and
trim to edge, cut plastic parts to size and shape, or
attach clamp to hold laminated plastic until adhesive
sets.

Smooths by hand, the surfaces of wooden furniture
parts before application o f finishing materials. Work
involves using sand or emery paper, steel wool, etc. May
also use portable sanding machine to complete certain
phases of work.

Sander, furniture, machine

Smooths and finishes the edges and surfaces of wood
furniture parts and sections on stationary sanding
machines. For wage survey purposes, workers are to be
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Rip-saw operator

B elt
Other than belt

(Band-rip-saw operator; circular-rip-saw operator)

Operates a rip-sawing machine to cut lumber with the
grain to specified widths, feeding each piece into roller,
adjusting roller speed according to hardness o f wood.

Shaper operator, automatic
(Sizer operator, autom atic)

Router operator

Operates a machine to form quantities of like,
irregularly shaped wooden furniture parts from roughly
shaped blanks. For wage survey purposes, workers are to
be classified as follows:

(R outer; router-machine operator)

Cuts and shapes various designs in wooden stock by
machine. Work involves m o st o f the follow ing: Clamps
and tightens bit in chuck of machine; inserts guide pin
hole o f machine table; places groove o f jig over pin and
adjusts table for depth o f cut and sets table stops; starts
machine and feeds stock. For wage survey purposes
workers are to be classified as follows:

Set-up and operate—
Selects and installs proper cutters

on spindles; sets and locks pattern in place; sets stops
and clamps to hold blank properly in bed of machine;
lays blank over pattern and starts machine.
Feed o n ly —
feeds stock into machine.

Set-up and operate
F eed on ly
Shaper operator, hand
(Detail-shaper operator; frazer-machine operator;
shaping-machine operator; variety-m older operator;
wood-shaping operator)

Rubber, furniture
(Burnisher; polisher)

Operates a hand shaping machine to cut designs of
irregular shape in the surface o f straight, curved, or
irregular shaped pieces o f wood by feeding stock against
rotating blocks, using template or free hand manipula­
tion to produce shape desired. For wage survey
purposes, workers are to be classified as follows:

Rubs surface o f furniture after each coat o f dry finish
such as stain, priming coat, varnish; or lacquer has been
applied, to smooth surfaces for successive coats. For
wage survey purposes, workers are to be classified as
follows:

Set-up and operate
F eed on ly

Rubber, furniture, hand
R ubber, furniture, machine




57

Sprayer

Applies paint, varnish, lacquer, enamel or other
finishes to surfaces o f manufactured products for protec­
tive or decorative purposes, with a spray gun.

Calculating workers’ earnings based on time or produc­
tion records; posting calculated data on payroll sheet,
showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total
wages due. May make out paychecks and assist pay­
master in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May
use a calculating machine.

Tenoner operator

Stenographer, general

(Spray painter)

(Saw-and-chuck-machine operator; double-tenonerm a c h in e operator; single-end-tenoner operator;
tenon-machine operator)

Primary duty is to take dictation, involving a normal
routine vocabulary, from one or more persons either in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine; and
transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.
May maintain files, keep simple records or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a
stenographic pool. Does not include transcribingmachine work.

Operates a machine that cuts tenons on wooden parts
for assembling into complete units. For wage survey
purposes, workers are to be classified as follows:
Set-up and operate
F eed only

Typist
Office jobs

Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material
or to make out bills, after calculations have been made
by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats,
or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May
do clerical work involving little special training, such as
keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Clerk, general

Is typically required to perform a variety o f office
operations, usually because o f impracticability of
specialization in a small office or because versatility is
essential in meeting peak requirements in larger offices.
The work generally involves the use o f independent
judgment in tending to a pattern o f office work from
day to day, as well as knowledge relating to phases of
office work that occur only occasionally. For example,
the range o f operations performed may entail all or some
c o m b in a tio n o f the follow ing: Answering cor­
respondence, preparing bills and invoices, posting to
various records, preparing payrolls, filing, etc. May
operate various office machines and type as the work
requires.

Class A —
Performs one or m ore o f the follow ing:
Typing material in final form when it involves combining
material from several sources or responsibility for
correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of
technical or unusual words or foreign language material;
and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing.
May type routine form letters varying details to suit
circumstances.
Class 2?—
Performs one or m ore o f the follow ing:
Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; routine typing
of forms, insurance policies, etc.; and setting up simple
standard tabulations, or copying more complex tables
already set up and spaced properly.

Clerk, payroll

Computes wages o f company employees and enters
the necessary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve:




58

Industry Wage Studies
The most recent reports for industries included in
the Bureau’s program o f industry wage surveys since
January 1960 are listed below. Copies are available
from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Govern­
ment Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or

from any o f its regional sales offices, and from the
Bureau o f Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C. 20212,
or from any of its regional offices shown on the
inside back cover.

I. Occupational Wage Studies
Manufacturing
Price

Basic Iron and Steel, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1602 ................................................................................................................. $0.55
Candy and Other Confectionery Products, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1732 .............................................................................. 45
Cigar Manufacturing, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1581
....................................................................................................................25
Cigarette Manufacturing, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1748 ............................................................................................................. 30
Cotton and Man-Made Fiber Textiles, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1637 ................................................................................... 1.00
Fabricated Structural Steel, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1695 ......................................................................................................... 50
Fertilizer Manufacturing, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1763 .............................................................................................................75
Flour and Other Grain Mill Products, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1576 ........................................................................................ 25
Fluid Milk Industry, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1464 ....................................................................................................................... 30
Footwear, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1634 ........................................................................................................................................ 75
Hosiery, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1743 ............................................................................................................................................75
Industrial Chemicals, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1529 .................................................................................................................... 40
Iron and Steel Foundries, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1626 ....................................................................................................... 1.00
Leather Tanning and Finishing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1618 ...................................................................................................55
Machinery Manufacturing, 1970-71. BLS Bulletin 1754 ................................................................................................ 1.00
Meat Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1677 ............................................................................................................................ 1.00
Men’s and Boys’ Separate Trousers, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1752 ............................................................................................60
Men’s and Boys’ Shirts (Except Work Shirts) and Nightwear, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1659 ............................................... 65
Men’s and Boys’ Suits and Coats, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1716 ..........................................................................................1.00
Miscellaneous Plastics Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1690 ...................................................................................................60
Motor Vehicles and Parts, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1679 ............................................................................................................. 75
Nonferrous Foundries, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1726 ....................................................................................................................50
Paints and Varnishes, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1739 ....................................................................................................................60
Paperboard Containers and Boxes, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1 7 1 9 ......................................................................................... 1.25
Petroleum Refining, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1 7 4 1 ....................................................................................................................... 50
Pressed or Blown Glass and Glassware, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1713
..................................................................................... 50
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1608 ............................................................................................... 60
Southern Sawmills and Planning Mills, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1694 ........................................................................................ 50
Structural Clay Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1697 ............................................................................................................. 65
Synthetic Fibers, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1740 ...........................................................................................................................40
Textile Dyeing and Finishing, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1757 ...................................................................................................... 70




I. Occupational Wage Studies—Continued

M anufacturing-C ontinued
Price

West Coast Sawmilling, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1704 ...........................................................................................................$0.45
Women’s and Misses’ Coats and Suits, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1728 ........................................................................................ 35
Women’s and Misses’ Dresses, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1649 ...................................................................................................... 45
Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1 6 5 1 ....................................................................60
Wool Textiles, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1 5 5 1 ..................................................................................................................................45
Work Clothing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1624 .............................................................................................................................. 50
Nonmanufacturing

Auto Dealer Repair Shops, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1689 ..........................................................................................................50
Banking, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1703 ............................................................................................................................................ 65
Bituminous Coal Mining, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1583
............................................................................................................. 50
Communications, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1751 ...........................................................................................................................30
Contract Cleaning Services, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1644 ..........................................................................................................55
Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas Production, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1566
....................................................................... 30
Educational Institutions: Nonteaching Employees, 1968—
69. BLS Bulletin 1 6 7 1 ......................................................... 50
Electric and Gas Utilities, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1614 ............................................................................................................. 70
Hospitals, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1688 ................................................................................................................................... 1.00
Laundry and Cleaning Services, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1645 ...................................................................................................75
life Insurance, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1569 ..................................................................................................................................30
Motion Picture Theaters, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1542
............................................................................................................. 35
Nursing Homes and Related Facilities, 1967-68. BLS Bulletin 1638 ................................................................................. 75
Scheduled Airlines, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1734 ....................................................................................................................... 45
Wages and Tips in Restaurants and Hotels, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1712 .............................................................................. 60

11. O th e r I n d u stry Wage S tu d ies

Employee Earnings and Hours in Nonmetropolitan Areas of the South and
North Central Regions, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1552 ............................................................................................................. 50
Employee Earnings and Hours in Eight Metropolitan Areas of the South, 1965.
BLS Bulletin 1533 ...................................................................................................................................................................40
Employee Earnings and Hours in Retail Trade, June 1 9 6 6 Retail Trade (Overall Summary). BLS Bulletin 1584 ................................................................................................. 1.00
Building Materials, Hardware, and Farm Equipment Dealers. BLS Bulletin 1584-1 ...................................................30
General Merchandise Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-2 ............................................................................................................. 55
Food Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-3 ....................................................................................................................................... 60
Automotive Dealers and Gasoline Service Stations. BLS Bulletin 1 5 8 4 4 ....................................................................50
Apparel and Accessory Stores, BLS Bulletin 1584-5 ..........................................................................................................55
Furniture, Home Furnishings, and Household Appliance Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-6 ............................................50
Miscellaneous Retail Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-7 ............................................................................................................. 65




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