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INDUSTRY
WAGE SURVEY

lA

/

LC'

Wood Household
Furniture,
Except Upholstered,
October 1968
BULLETIN 1651
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics
1970




Dayton & Montgomery Co*

Public Library

JUL2 21970
document collection




INDUSTRY
WAGE SURVEY

Wood Household
Furniture,
Except Upholstered,
October 1968
BULLETIN 1651
U.S. DEPARTM ENT O F LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner
1970

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Washington, D .C . 20402.




Price 60 cents.




Preface
This bulletin summarizes the results of a Bureau of Labor Statistics survey of wages
and supplementary benefits in the wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing industry in October 1968.
Separate releases were issued earlier for Chicago, 111.; Evansville, Ind.-Ky.; Fort Smith,
Ark.-Okla.; Gardner, Mass.; Grand Rapids, Mich.; Hickory-Statesville, N.C.; Jamestown,
N.Y.; Los Angeles-Long Beach and Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif.; Louisville,
Ky.-Ind.; Martinsville, Va.; Miami and Ft. Lauderdale-Hollywood, Fla.; Winston-Salem—
High Point, N.C.; and the State of Indiana. Copies of these releases are available from the
Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C. 20212, or any of its regional offices.
This study was conducted in the Bureau’s Office of Wages and Industrial Relations.
The analysis in this bulletin was prepared by Michael Tighe of the Division of
Occupational Wage Structures. Field work for the survey was directed by the Assistant
Regional Directors for Operations.
Other reports available from the Bureau’s program of industry wage studies, as well as
the address of the Bureau’s regional offices, are listed at the end of this bulletin.




iii




Contents
Page
S u m m a ry .........................................................................................................................................................
Industry c h a ra c te ristic s.................................................................................................................................
P r o d u c t s .....................................................................................................................................................
L o c a tio n .....................................................................................................................................................
U n io n iz a tio n .............................................................................................................................................
Method of wage p a y m e n t.........................................................................................................................
Average hourly e a rn in g s ................................................................
Occupational earnings
.................................................................................................................................
Establishment practices and supplementary wage p rovisions....................................................................
Scheduled weekly hours and shift practices
.........................................................................................
Paid h o l i d a y s .............................................................................................................................................
Paid v a c a tio n s.............................................................................................................................................
Health, insurance, and retirement p l a n s .................................................................................................
Other selected b e n e f i t s .............................................................................................................................

1
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
4
4
4
4
4

Tables:
Average hourly earnings:
1. By selected characteristics

.........................................................................................................

5

.............................................................................................................

6

Occupational averages:
3. All establishm ents.........................................................................................................................
4. By size of community .................................................................................................................
5. By size of establishment .............................................................................................................
6. By labor-management contract coverage
.................................................................................
7. By labor-management contract coverage and size of community
........................................
8. By labor-management contract coverage and size of establishment
....................................
9. By method of wage payment .....................................................................................................

7
9
10
11
12
13
14

Occupational earnings:
10. Chicago, 111........................................................................................................................................
11. Evansville, Ind.-Ky...........................................................................................................................
12. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla...........................................................................
13. Gardner, Mass...................................................................................................................................
14. Grand Rapids, Mich.........................................................................................................................
15. Hickory-Statesville, N.C..................................................................................................................
16. In d ian a.............................................................................................................................................
17. Jamestown, N.Y...............................................................................................................................
18. Los Angeles-Long Beach and Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif....................................
19. Louisville, Ky.-Ind...........................................................................................................................

15
17
18
20
22
24
26
29
31
32

Earnings distribution:
2. All production workers




v

Contents— Continued
Page
Tables— Continued
Occupational earnings— Continued
20. Martinsville, Va.................................................................................................................................
21. Miami and Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood, Fla.................................................................................
22. Winston-Salem— HighPoint, N.C..................................................................................................
Earnings relationships:
23. Selected regions and areas

34
35
36

.........................................................................................................

37

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
24. Method of wage p a y m e n t.............................................................................................................
25. Scheduled weekly h o u r s .............................................................................................................
26. Shift differential p ro v isio n s.........................................................................................................
27. Paid h o lid a y s .................................................................................................................................
28. Paid vacations
.............................................................................................................................
29. Health, insurance, and retirement p l a n s .....................................................................................
30. Other selected b e n e f its .................................................................................................................

37
38
39
40
41
43
43

Appendixes:
A. Scope and method of s u r v e y .............................................................................................................
B. Occupational d e s c rip tio n s .................................................................................................................

45
49




Vi

Industry W age Survey—

W ood
E xcept

H o u s e h o ld

U p h o ls te re d ,

Summary

Straight-time earnings of production and related
workers in the wood household furniture (except up­
holstered) manufacturing industry averaged $2.07 an
hour in October 1968. Men, nearly four-fifths of the
130,779 workers covered by the BLS survey,1 averaged
$2.13 an hour compared with $1.86 for women. More
than nine-tenths of the workers earned between $1.60
and $3 an hour. Earnings of the middle half of the
workers were between $1.74 and $2.28.
Average hourly earnings for production workers
ranged from $1.83 in the Southwest and $1.85 in the
Border States to $2.84 in the Pacific. Workers in the
Southeast and Great Lakes, almost three-fifths of the
industry’s work force, averaged $1.87 and $2.24, respec­
tively. Earnings also varied by size of community, size of
establishment, labor-management contract coverage, and
occupation.
Among the occupations studied separately, average
hourly earnings ranged from $1.85 for machine offbearers to $2.39 for general utility maintenance men.
Furniture assemblers (except chairs), numerically the
largest occupation studied, averaged $2.13 an hour.
Their earnings levels varied by type of assembly.
Paid holidays, most commonly 6 or 7 days a year,
and paid vacations were provided by establishments
employing a large majority of the industry’s production
workers. Typical vacation provisions were 1 week of
vacation pay after 1 year of service and 2 weeks after 5
years; a fifth of the workers were in establishments
providing 3 weeks after 10 years of service. Life,
accidental death and dismemberment, sickness and
accident insurance, and hospitalization, surgical, and
medical benefits were also widespread in the industry.
Retirement benefits (other than social security) applied
to slightly more than half of the workers.
Industry characteristics
P roducts. The survey covered establishments with 20
workers or more2 engaged primarily in manufacturing
nonupholstered wood household furniture. Establish­
ments whose primary product was bedroom furniture




F u rn itu re ,
O c to b e r

1968

employed slightly more than a third of the 131,000
production and related workers within scope of the
survey. Another fifth of the workers were in plants
producing primarily dining room and kitchen furniture
(except kitchen cabinets). Most of the remaining
workers were about equally distributed among plants
making radio, television, and phonograph cabinets; other
living room furniture; or kitchen cabinets. Establish­
ments making more than one type of furniture em­
ployed almost three-fifths of the industry’s production
workers. Bedroom furniture and dining room and
kitchen furniture (except kitchen cabinets) were fre­
quently made in the same establishment.
L ocation . The Southeast region, largest in terms of
industry employment, contained nearly two-fifths of the
production workers. About a sixth of the workers were
in the Great Lakes region, an eighth in the Border States,
and a tenth in the Middle Atlantic region. None of the
other regions had as much as a tenth of the industry’s
work force. The types of furniture manufactured varied
somewhat among the regions. In the Southeast region,
for example, nearly seven-tenths of the workers were in
plants engaged primarily in making bedroom furniture or
dining room and kitchen furniture (except kitchen
cabinets), whereas almost two-thirds of the workers in
the Great Lakes were in plants whose primary products
were living room furniture (including radio, television,
and phonograph cabinets).
Establishments located in metropolitan areas3 em­
ployed nearly two-fifths of the industry’s work force.
Proportions of workers in smaller communities
amounted to four-fifths in the Southeast, nearly threefourths in New England and the Border States, threefifths in the Great Lakes, and two-fifths or less in the
remaining regions. Among the areas of industry concen­
tration surveyed separately, the number of production
1
See appendix A for scope and method o f survey. Earnings
data in this bulletin exclude premium pay for overtime and for
work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2Smaller establishments are estimated to employ about 6
percent of the industry’s work force.
3
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, as defined by the
U.S. Bureau o f the Budget through January 1968.

1

workers ranged from 12,330 in Hickory-Statesville, N.C.,
to about 1,000 in Jamestown, N.Y., and Miami and Fort
Lauderdale-Hollywood, Fla.
U nionization. Establishments with labor-management
contracts covering a majority of their production
workers employed almost two-fifths of the industry’s
work force. The proportions amounted to a sixth in the
Border States; a fifth in the Southeast; about a half in
New England, the Southwest, and the Great Lakes;
two-thirds in the Middle Atlantic; and about seventenths in the Pacific. As indicated below, the extent of
labor-management contract coverage also varied by size
of establishment and size of community.
Percent of production workers in establish­
ments with labor-management contractsEstablishments in

Establishments with

Metropolitan
areas

Nonmetropolitan
areas

20-249
workers

250
workers
or more

United States . . . .

50-54

30-34

40-44

35-39

New England . . . .
Middle Atlantic . . .
Border States . . . .
Southeast................
Southwest . .
Great Lakes . . .
P acific................

60-64
65-69
15-19
30-34
55-59
35-39
70-74

45-49
65-69
15-19
15-19
45-49
60-64
60-64

55-59
65-69
20-24
5-9
30-34
40-44
50-54

40-44
60-64
15-19
25-29
65-69
60-64
95+

The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of
America and the United Furniture Workers of America
were the major unions in the industry.
M e th o d o f w age p a y m e n t. Slightly more than fourfifths of the production workers were paid time rates,
usually determined on the basis of the individual
worker’s qualifications. Proportions of workers paid
under incentive wage plans ranged from about two-fifths
in the Great Lakes to less than one-fifth in the Border
States, Southeast, Southwest, and Pacific regions
(table 23).
Average hourly earnings

Straight-time earnings of the 130,779 production and
related workers covered by the survey averaged $2.07 an
hour in October 1968 (table l).4 This was 21 percent
above the average of $1.71 recorded in a similar survey
conducted by the Bureau in May-June 1965.5 During
the 3-year period, average earnings rose about 25 percent
in the New England, Middle Atlantic, Southeast, and
Southwest regions; 19 percent in the Border States; 16
percent in the Great Lakes; and 11 percent in the Pacific
region. At least part of the increases in average earnings
was due to upward adjustments in the Federal minimum
2



wage for manufacturing establishments which was $1.25
an hour in May-June 1965 and $1.60 at the time of the
current study.
Workers in the Southeast region averaged $1.87 an
hour in October 1968, a few cents more than those in
the Border States ($1.85) and Southwest ($1.83).
Averages in the remaining regions were $2.20 in New
England, $2.24 in the Great Lakes, $2.37 in the Middle
Atlantic, and $2.84 in the Pacific.
Workers in metropolitan areas averaged $2.27 an
hour— cents more than those in smaller communities.
31
Among the regions permitting comparison, average
hourly earnings for the two community size groups were
only a few cents apart in New England, the Middle
Atlantic, and Southwest regions; workers in metro­
politan areas held an average wage advantage of 10 cents
an hour in the Southeast, 12 cents in the Border States,
and 17 cents in the Great Lakes. Among the selected
areas of industry concentration, average hourly earnings
for production workers ranged from $1.84 in Martins­
ville, Va., to $2.82 in Louisville, Ky. (tables 10-22).
Nationwide, workers in establishments with 20-249
workers averaged $2.19 an hour compared with $1.98
for those in larger establishments. The lower average for
larger establishments reflects a disproportionate concen­
tration of workers in these plants in the three lowest
paying regions. Nationwide, nearly four-fifths of the
workers in establishments with 250 workers or more
were in the Southeast, Southwest, or Border States. On
the other hand, only a third of the workers in smaller
establishments were in these regions. The differences in
production-worker averages among the two estab­
lishment-size groups were less than 10 cents an hour in
all but the Middle Atlantic region where workers in
4The straight-time average hourly earnings in this bulletin
differ in concept from the gross average hourly earnings
published in the Bureau’s monthly hours and earnings series
($2.25 in October 1968). Unlike the latter, the estimates
presented here exclude premium pay for overtime and for work
on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Average earnings were
calculated by summing individual hourly earnings and dividing
by the number o f individuals; in the monthly series, the sum of
the man-hour totals reported by establishments in the industry
was divided into the reported payroll totals.
The estimate of the number o f production workers within
scope of the study is intended only as a general guide to the size
and composition o f the labor force included in the survey. It
differs from that published in the monthly series (161,000 in
October 1968) by the exclusion of establishments employing
fewer than 20 workers. The advance planning necessary to make
the survey required the use of lists of establishments assembled
considerably in advance of data collection. Thus, establishments
new to the industry are omitted, as are establishments originally
classified as wood household furniture establishments, but found
to be in other industries at the time of the survey.
5
See Industry Wage Survey: Wood Household Furniture,
Except Upholstered, May-June 1965 (BLS Bulletin 1496, 1966).

larger establishments held a 26-cent-an-hour average
wage advantage.
Workers in establishments with labor-management
agreements covering a majority of their production
workers averaged $2.27 an hour-32 cents more than
those in other establishments. This relationship held in
all but two regions. Averages for workers in union and
nonunion establishments were the same in the South­
east; workers in nonunion plants in the Southwest
averaged 13 cents an hour more than those in union
establishments.
In considering the wage differences noted above and
in the following discussion of occupational earnings, it
must be emphasized that in a study such as this it is not
possible to isolate the influence of each factor (for
example, community size, establishment size, labormanagement contract coverage) as a determinant of
wages. The interrelationship of some of these factors is
pointed out in the discussion of industry characteristics.
Men, as a group, averaged $2.13 an hour compared
with $1.86 for women. This general relationship also was
found in each of the selected regions, with differences
ranging from 11 cents an hour in the Southwest to 38
cents in the Pacific. Differences in average pay levels for
men and women may be the result of several factors,
including variation in the distribution of the sexes
among establishments and jobs with different pay levels.
Differences in averages for men and women in the same
job and area may reflect minor differences in duties. Job
descriptions used in classifying workers in wage surveys
usually are more generalized than those used in indi­
vidual establishments because allowance must be made
for minor differences among establishments in specific
duties performed.
Earnings of all but about 6 percent of the production
workers were within a range of $1.60 to $3 an hour. The
middle half of the workers in the array earned between
$1.74 and $2.28. Proportions of workers at or near the
Federal minimum wage—
earning between $1.60 and
$1.65 an hour—
were one-fourth in the Southwest, about
one-eighth in the Border States and Southeast, and less
than one-tenth in the other regions (table 2).
Occupational earnings

Approximately one-half of the production workers
covered by the survey were in the production-worker
jobs6 for which separate wage data were obtained (table
3). Occupations were chosen primarily to represent wage
levels for the various types of skills and manufacturing
activities of workers in the industry. Nationwide
averages for these jobs ranged from $1.85 for machine
off-bearers to $2.39 for general utility maintenance men.
Furniture assemblers (except chair assemblers), numeri­




cally the largest occupation studied, averaged $2.13 an
hour. Their earnings levels varied by type of assembly:
$2.20 for complete furniture pieces (case goods), $2.14
for complete furniture pieces (other than case goods),
and $2.02 for subassemblies.
Table 23 presents regional and area earnings averages
for selected jobs as a percent of nationwide averages. For
most of the jobs shown, regional averages usually
exceeded nationwide averages by 30 to 35 percent in the
Pacific, 10 to 20 percent in the Middle Atlantic and
Great Lakes, and 5 to 10 percent in New England.
Averages in the Southern regions were below nationwide
levels.
Occupational averages also varied considerably among
the areas selected for separate study. However, area
averages were generally similar within the same region.
Some notable exceptions were Louisville, where averages
were substantially higher than those in Martinsville (both
areas are in the Border States); and Evansville with
averages consistently lower than those of other areas in
the Great Lakes region.
In most regions, occupational averages were usually
higher in metropolitan than nonmetropolitan areas
(table 4); higher in establishments with 250 workers or
more than in smaller establishments (table 5); and higher
in union than in nonunion establishments (table 6).
Occupational averages are presented for union and
nonunion establishments by size of community and by
size of establishment in tables 7 and 8. As indicated in
table 9, incentive workers typically had higher average
earnings than time-rated workers in the same
occupation.
Earnings of individuals performing similar tasks varied
considerably within the same area (tables 10-22). Earn­
ings of the highest paid workers frequently exceeded
those of the lowest paid workers in the same job and
area by as much as $ 1 an hour. Thus, some workers in
comparatively low-paid jobs (as measured by the average
for all workers) earned as much or more than some
workers in jobs for which significantly higher averages
were recorded. The following tabulation illustrates the
overlap in individual earnings in Hickory-Statesville,
N.C., for men furniture assemblers and women hand
sanders, despite a 39-cent-an-hour difference in the
averages for the two jobs.

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions

Information also was obtained on certain establish­
ment practices, including shift differentials for produc6
Data were also obtained for five office occupations and are
presented in table 3.
3

Assemblers,
complete
furniture pieces,
case goods
(men)

Earnings
$1.60
$1.80
$ 2.00
$2.20
$ 2.40

and under
and under
and under
and under
and over

$1.80
$2.00
$ 2.20
$2.40
. . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Sanders,
furniture,
hand
(women)

.
.
.
.
.

6
133
143
88
24

430
46
6

Total workers

. .

394

482

Average hourly earnings

. .

$2.08

$1.69

-

-

tion workers, work schedules, and selected supplemen­
tary benefits such as paid holidays and paid vacations,
and various health, insurance, and retirement plans, for
production and office workers.
S ch ed u led w e e k ly hours a n d sh ift practices. Work
schedules of 40 hours a week were in effect in
establishments employing nearly two-thirds of the pro­
duction workers (table 25). The 40-hour schedule
applied to a majority of the workers in each of the
selected regions except New England where two-thirds
of the workers had schedules in excess of 40 hours a
week. Nearly nine-tenths of the office workers had
weekly work schedules of 40 hours. Less than 5 percent
of the production workers were employed on late shifts
at the time of the survey.
P aid h olidays. Establishments providing paid holidays
employed about four-fifths of the production workers
(table 27). The proportions amounted to almost threefifths in the Border States, nearly seven-tenths in the
Southeast, and nine-tenths or more in the other regions.
Provisions for 6 paid holidays or more a year applied to
a majority of the workers in all regions except the
Border States and Southeast where provisions for 5 days
or less were most common. Provisions for paid holidays
were somewhat more liberal for office than for produc­
tion workers.
P aid vacations. Paid vacations, after qualifying
periods of service, were provided by establishments
employing nearly all of the industry’s production
workers (table 28). Typical provisions were 1 week of
vacation pay after 1 year of service and 2 weeks after 5
years. Nearly one-fifth of the workers were in establish­
ments providing 3 weeks of paid vacation after 10 years

4




of service. Such provisions were more prevalent in the
Pacific region, where they applied to approximately
four-fifths of the workers, than in the other regions.
Office workers were typically provided 1 week of
vacation pay after 1 year of service and 2 weeks after 3
years.
H ealth, insurance, an d re tire m e n t plans. Life, hospi­
talization, and surgical insurance, at least partly financed
by the employer, were provided by establishments
employing nine-tenths of the production workers (table
29). Medical insurance applied to about two-thirds of
the workers; accidental death and dismemberment in­
surance, and sickness and accident insurance, to approxi­
mately six-tenths; and catastrophe insurance, to fourtenths. The incidence of these benefits varied by region.
For example, the proportions of workers in establish­
ments providing medical insurance ranged from about
one-half in the Middle Atlantic and Southwest to over
nine-tenths in New England.
Retirement pension benefits, providing regular pay­
ments for the remainder of the retired worker’s life
(other than Federal social security benefits) were pro­
vided by establishments employing slightly more than
one-half of the production workers. Regionally, the
proportions of workers covered by pension benefits
ranged from nearly two-fifths in the Southwest and
Great Lakes to seven-tenths in the Border States.
Lump-sum retirement benefits were virtually non­
existent in the industry.
The proportions of office workers provided various
health, insurance, and retirement benefits were generally
similar to those for production workers. A notable
exception was paid sick leave which applied to about a
fourth of the office workers compared with 5 percent of
the production workers.
O th er se le c te d ben efits. Provisions for funeral leave
pay were reported in establishments employing about
one-fifth of the production workers, and jury duty pay
in those employing about three-tenths of the workers
(table 30). About 5 percent of production workers were
in establishments that had provisions for severance pay,
that is, payments to employees permanently separated
from work as a result of the introduction of new
equipment or department or unit closing. The incidence
of these benefits varied by region. Jury duty pay, for
example, was provided to about half of the workers in
New England compared with about a fifth in the
Southwest.

Table 1.

Average Hourly Earnings:

By Selected Characteristics

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in w ood h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
b y s e l e c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)

I te m

U n ite d
S t a te s 2
N um ber
A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

------ ------------

----------F ew
T
Eng la n d
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

A tla n tic
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
ea r n in g s

B o rd er
S t a te s
N um ber
A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

S o u th e a s t

S o u th w e s t

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

G re a t
L akes
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

P a c if i c
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ---------------M e n _____________________________
W o m e n -------------------- __ -----------

1 3 0 ,7 7 9
103, 928
26, 851

$ 2 . 07
2. 13
1. 86

6, 679
5, 299
1, 380

$ 2. 20
2. 26
1. 94

13, 397
1 1 ,5 0 2
1, 895

$ 2 . 37
2 .4 1
2. 11

18, 250
1 4 ,4 8 6
3, 764

$ 1. 85
1. 89
1. 71

50, 680
4 1 , 184
9 ,4 9 6

$ 1. 87
1. 90
1. 73

8, 290
5, 960
2, 330

$ 1. 83
1. 86
1. 75

22, 768
15, 883
6, 885

$ 2 . 24
2. 35
2. 01

9, 811
8. 950
861

$ 2 . 84
2. 87
2. 49

S iz e of c o m m u n ity :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s 3 ---------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s ________

4 8 , 874
8 1 ,9 0 5

2. 27
1. 96

1, 829
4 , 850

2. 23
2. 18

8, 558
4 , 839

2. 37
2. 36

4 , 725
13, 525

1. 94
1. 82

10, 531
4 0 , 149

1. 95
1. 85

4 , 811
3, 479

1. 82
1. 85

8, 951
13, 817

2. 35
2. 18

8, 565
-

2. 89
-

S iz e o f e s ta b l is h m e n t :
2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s _______________
250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e __________

59, 679
71, 100

2. 19
1. 98

4 , 865
1, 814

2. 18
2. 23

10, 553
2, 844

2. 31
2. 57

2, 817
1 5 ,4 3 3

1. 90
1. 84

15, 754
34, 926

1. 84
1. 88

3, 283
5, 007

1. 78
1. 86

13, 880
8, 888

2. 25
2. 23

7, 953
1, 858

2. 84
2. 83

4 9 , 643

2. 27

3 ,4 6 3

2. 29

9, 076

2 .4 1

2, 941

2. 01

10, 4 4 6

1. 87

4, 437

1. 77

1 1 ,4 5 7

2. 34

7, 053

2. 98

81, 136

1. 95

3, 216

2. 10

4 , 321

2. 29

15, 309

1. 82

4 0 , 234

1. 87

3, 853

1. 90

1 1 ,3 1 1

2. 15

2, 758

2. 47

19, 872

2. 09

1, 768

2 .4 7

7, 286

1. 88

9 ,4 9 8

2. 16

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c ts :
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith —
M a jo r it y o f w o r k e r s
c o v e r e d ____________________
N o n e o r m i n o r i t y of
w o r k e r s c o v e r e d _________
P r'
p ie ty p e of f u r n i t u r e
m a n u f a c tu i r: 4
R a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , a n d p h o n o ­
g r a p h w o o d c a b in e t s _________
L iv in g r o o m , l i b r a r y , a n d
h a ll w ood f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t
ra d io , te le v is io n , and
p h o n o g r a p h c a b i n e t s ) ________
D in in g r o o m a n d k i tc h e n w o o d
f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c a b i n e t s ) ---K itc h e n w o o d c a b i n e t s _________
B e d r o o m w o o d f u r n i t u r e ______

16, 725

2. 15

1 ,4 7 4

2. 25

1 ,5 4 9

2. 65

2 4 ,1 8 7
1 4 ,7 6 4
4 8 , 624

2. 01
2. 58
1. 93

3 ,0 3 4

2. 18

1, 607
6, 019
1, 688

2. 31
2. 35
2. 23

-

1 ,0 3 9

-

2. 06

1, 799
1, 0 5 9
12, 677

1. 86

4 , 812

1. 77

4 , 791

2. 30

1, 574

2. 71

2. 27
1. 82

11, 579
1, 840
2 3 ,4 0 7

1. 85
2. 11
1. 88

3, 676
2, 136
1 ,7 3 6

2. 18
2. 70
2. 23

1, 44 3
2, 775
2, 928

2. 59
3. 41
2. 68

-

5, 149

-

1. 76

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T h e t e r m " m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a , " a s u s e d in t h is s tu d y , r e f e r s to S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s a s d e fin e d b y th e U. S. B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968.
4 E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e c l a s s i f i e d a c c o r d in g to p r in c i p a l ty p e of f u r n i t u r e m a n u f a c tu r e d . T h e p r o d u c t i o n - w o r k e r t o t a l a b o v e i n c l u d e s d a ta f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e p r i n c i p a l p r o d u c t w a s o t h e r th an
th e t y p e s o f f u r n i t u r e l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta th a t do n o t m e e t p u b l ic a ti o n c r i t e r i a .




0) Table 2.

Earnings Distribution:

All Production Workers

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in w ood h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
b y s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , 1 U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)
U n ite d S ta te s 2
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
T o ta l

$ 1. 60 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 6 5 ------------ -------------------------------$ 1 . 6 5 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 7 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 1. 70 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 75 -----------------------------------------------

( 3)
10. 3
8. 9
8. 0

M en

Wom en

( 3)
7. 8
7. 1
7. 1

N ew
Eng lan d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

( 3)
7. 8
3. 9
6. 1

2. 9
2. 4
2. 6

14. 6
14. 1
12. 8

12. 5
13. 0
11. 3

( 3)
20. 1
15. 7
11. 9

S o u th w e s t

G re a t
L akes

P a c if i c

0.
25.
13.
9.

2
7
7
0

( 3)
6. 2
2. 4
3. 9

0. 7
1. 7
. 7

2
5
5
6
2

7.
6.
5.
5.
4.

0
6
6
6
3

8.
6.
5.
5.
3.

1
0
0
5
7

5.
6.
4.
3.
4.

8
4
9
8
3

4.
3.
3.
3.
5.

2
2
1
8
1

9.
8.
5.
7.
5.

9
3
7
9
8

10.
8.
7.
6.
4.

5
5
3
6
3

5.
5.
7.
5.
4.

9
6
5
7
7

3.
4.
3.
4.
3.

4
2
7
4
8

.
2.
1.
.
.

3
6
6
9
4

$ 2. 1 0 _______________________________
$ 2. 20 -------------------------------------------$ 2. 3 0 ----------------- ----- -----$ 2. 40 ---------------------- --------------------$ 2 .5 0
--------------------- __ .

8 .4
6. 2
5. 5
4 .4
2. 9

9.
6.
6.
4.
3.

0
6
0
8
2

6. 1
4. 6
3. 6
2. 6
1 .4

8.
5.
5.
5.
4.

7
3
3
7
2

9.
10.
7.
7.
4.

2
1
8
9
8

7.
5.
2.
1.
.

8
1
6
3
9

8.
5.
4.
2.
1.

9
2
6
8
5

8.
5.
2.
1.
1.

0
2
5
9
3

9.
10.
11.
7.
5.

9
0
2
9
7

2.
1.
2.
6.
4.

9
0
3
2
5

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 3.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------______________________________
----------------------------------------_______________________________

2. 9
2. 4
2 .4
1. 7
1. 6

3.
2.
2.
2.
1.

1
7
7
0
9

1.
1.
.
.
.

9
3
9
5
4

5.
5.
3.
2.
2.

3
4
6
9
5

5.
3.
4.
3.
2.

0
7
1
2
9

.
.
.
.
.

8
6
4
2
1

1.
.
.
.
.

3
7
5
2
2

1.
.
.
.
.

2
5
8
2
2

5.
4.
3.
2.
2.

1
1
0
9
2

6.
9.
12.
7.
8.

7
2
3
4
5

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 . 1 0 ------------ __ — — ---------------$ 3. 20
---------- - - -------------------$ 3 . 3 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 3 . 4 0 ----------------- ------- ---------------$ 3. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------

.8
.9
.8
.4
.6

1.
1.
1.
.
.

0
1
0
5
7

.
.
.
.
-

3
1
1
1

1.
2.
1.
.
.

6
3
8
8
3

1.
2.
2.
1.
1.

7
1
6
2
5

.4
. 1
. 1
-

. 1
. 1
-

. 2
. 1

-

-

-

-

1.
1.
.
.
.

5
1
7
5
5

2.
4.
3.
1.
1.

8
0
7
5
6

$ 3. 50 a n d o v e r - ___________________________________ -

2. 1

2. 6

. 1

1. 1

4. 8

. 2

_

_

1. 7

16. 4

T o t a l — --------------------------------------------------------------

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

1 3 0,779

103,928

2 6 ,8 5 1

6 ,6 7 9

1 3 ,397

1 8 ,250

5 0 ,6 8 0

8 ,2 9 0

2 2 ,7 6 8

9,81 1

$ 1. 83

$ 2 . 24

$ 2 . 84

$ 1. 75
$ 1. 80
$ 1. 85
$ 1. 90
$ 1 .9 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 2.

$ 2. 00
$ 2. 10
$ 2. 20
$ 2. 30
$ 2 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

$
$
$
$
$

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

80
85
90
95
00

60
70
80
90
00

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 ------------------------------------------

7.
6.
5.
5.
4.

$ 2. 07

$ 2. 13

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s ,
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 L e s s th a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,




s u m s o f in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l 100.

$ 1. 86

$ 2 . 20

a n d l a t e s h if t s .

$ 2 . 37

$ 1. 85

$ 1. 87

-

Table 3.

Occupational Averages: All Establishments

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,
U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

B o rd e r
G reat
U n ite d
r>lew
-------- m 3 3 T e --------S o u th e a s t
S o u th w e s t
P a c if ic
L akes
S t a te s
S t a te s 2
E n g la n d
A tla n tic
N um ber
A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
of
of
of
of
h o u r ly
of
of
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s w o rk e rs e a rn in g s w o rk e rs e a rn in g s w o rk e rs e a rn in g s w o rk e rs e a rn in g s w o rk e rs e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) --------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) -------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( o th e r th a n c a s e g o o d s) —
M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------S u b a s s e m b l i e s --------------------------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s ---------------------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------L a w n o r o u td o o r c h a i r s ( a ll m e n ) ------------------------------E x c e p t la w n o r o u td o o r c h a i r s -----------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ( 1 ,7 8 6 m e n , 69 w o m e n ) ------------D o u b l e - e n d - t r i m m e r a n d b o r in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ---M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------G l u e r s , r o u g h s t o c k ---------------------------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ( a l l m e n ) -------------------M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a te )
(751 m e n , 9 w o m e n ) --------------------------------------------------------M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly ) --------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ------------------------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- —
------------------------------------------—
---------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e ra te ) ( 3 8 7 m e n ,
3 w o m e n ) — - - ----— ----------------- - — P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly )(2 2 0 m e n , 9 w o m e n ) ----------P l a s t i c - t o p i n s t a l l e r s (390 m e n , 3 w o m e n ) --------------------R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e tu p a n d o p e r a t e ) ( 1 ,0 8 9 m e n ,
27 w o m e n ) -----------------------------------------------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n lv )---------------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ------------------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e -------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ------------------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




3 ,8 3 6
2 ,2 9 8
1 ,5 3 8
1 ,8 5 1
1 ,4 9 8
353
215
190
25
1 ,7 7 0
610
1 ,1 6 0
150
91
59
150
91
59
308
115
103
219
177
321

$ 2 . 32
2. 55
1 .9 7
2. 56
2. 69
2. 04
2. 33
2. 38
2. 02
2. 05
2. 26
1. 95
2. 22
2. 48
1 .8 2
2. 22
2. 48
1 .8 2
2. 40
2. 38
2. 39
2. 27
2. 29
2. 56

1 ,0 3 6
848
188
440
429
11
232
182
50
364
237
127
38
26
12
35
23
12
146
56
56
109
107
69

2. 52
2 .0 9
2. 09
2. 07
2. 12
1 .9 5
2. 12
2. 23
1 .9 2

27
10
10
501
467
34
140
106
34

3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

27
69
69
16
14
46
63
65
56

2.
1.
2.
2.
2.

41
88
17
36
40

13
21
12
149
148

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

93
65
82
83
83

2. 35
2. 20
2. 13
2. 28
1 .9 9
, 2. 70
2. 70
2. 10
2. 35
1. 98

29
20
61
53
8
43
43
431
336
95

2. 89
2. 73
2. 58
2. 60
2. 44
2. 66
2. 66
2. 49
2. 46
2. 58

96
55
41
228
184
157
282
254
166

1 .7 5
1 .7 7
1. 71
2. 01
1 .9 6
1 .9 8
1. 76
1. 78
2. 18

2. 20
1 .7 0
1. 70
2. 02
2. 04
1 .9 4
2. 13
2. 10
2. 25

127
14
12
446
341
105
316
212
104

2. 65
2. 46
2. 60
2. 15
2. 21
1 .9 4
2. 24
2. 34
2. 05

94
65
55
1 ,0 4 6
875
171
475
418
57

2. 22
1 .9 0
1 .9 2
1 .7 2
1. 73
1 .6 8
1. 79
1 .8 0
1 .7 4

305
202
191
3 ,1 7 6
2 ,7 2 2
454
1 ,5 9 2
1 ,3 1 1
281

2. 15
1. 86
1. 86
1. 72
1. 72
1. 69
1. 77
1 .7 9
1. 69

28
14
14
252
213
39
239
210
29

2. 14
2 .0 7
2. 07
1 .7 9
1 .7 7
1 .8 9
1. 74
1 .7 5
1. 69

125
17
11
1, 045
716
329
851
559
292

42
9
15
131
126

2.
1.
2.
2.
2.

15
80
10
28
29

28
20
100
192
186

2.
1.
2.
2.
2.

64
83
48
55
57

57
31
24
406
357

1. 93
1 .8 6
1. 67
1 .9 6
1. 96

183
124
212
990
977

2 .0 2
1 .7 8
2. 19
1 .9 2
1. 93

16
7
109
106

2. 05
1. 61
1. 88
1. 89

51
13
24
355
314

35
18
18
119
84
35
17
8
9
283
106
177

2. 40
2. 00
2. 00
2. 41
2. 55
2. 07
2. 25
2 .5 9
1 .9 4
2. 15
2. 46
1 .9 7

127
23
20
130
110
20
63
56
7
920
633
287

2. 59
1 .9 3
1 .9 2
2. 57
2. 71
1. 80
2. 72
2. 73
2. 60
2. 18
2. 20
2. 15

120
57
57
267
197
70
165
136
29
641
321
320

1. 99
1. 81
1. 81
1. 80
1. 84
1. 69
1. 77
1. 79
1. 67
1 .7 4
1 .8 0
1 .6 9

488
251
239
1 ,5 2 7
783
744
527
424
103
2 ,8 6 1
1 ,3 3 1
1 ,5 3 0

2. 09
1 .9 0
1 .9 0
1. 74
1. 75
1. 72
1. 81
1 .8 3
1 .7 4
1 .7 3
1 .7 8
1. 69

59
15

2 .0 4
1. 69
1. 79
1. 76
1 .8 4
1. 90
1. 90
1. 76
1. 86
1 .7 4

251
95
741
368
37 3
32
32
1 ,3 6 8
443
925

2. 15
2. 26
1. 86
2. 25
2. 31
1 .7 3
2. 25
2. 31
1. 73
2. 18
2. 54
2. 54
2. 20
2. 20
2. 48

760
345
316
6 ,7 1 6
5 ,5 3 4
1, 182
3 ,9 2 9
2 ,9 4 4
985

2. 36
1 .9 2
1 .9 3
1 .8 5
1 .8 6
1 .8 2
1 .9 4
1 .9 6
1 .8 7

48
23
23
250
200
50
144
116
28

390
229
393
2, 367
2 ,2 4 5

2.
1.
2.
2.
2.

15
88
27
13
14

1 ,1 1 6
489
448
2 ,9 7 7
1 ,6 7 8
1 ,2 9 9
875
727
148
6 ,8 6 1
3 ,2 2 9
3 ,6 3 2

2. 23
1 .9 8
1 .9 8
1 .9 2
2. 01
1 .8 2
1. 96
1 .9 9
1. 78
1 .9 3
2. 04
1. 84

-

$ 2 . 26
2. 32
1 .8 9
2. 33
2. 41
1 .8 9
2. 02
2. 02
-

-

$ 2 . 49
2. 53
2. 11
2. 57
2. 62
2. 11
2. 61
2. 69
2. 19
2. 31
2. 35
2. 10
2. 22
2. 29
1 .9 5
-

-

247
141
106
96
55
41
-

$ 1 .8 8
1 .9 1
1. 72
1 .9 0
1 .9 2
1. 75
1 .9 0
1 .9 1
1. 78
1 .8 7
1 .6 6
1. 75
1. 77
1 .7 1

$ 1 . 80
1 .8 3
1 .7 3
1 .8 1
1. 83
1. 75
1 .7 7
1. 79
1. 73
1. 78
1 .8 8
1 .6 9
1. 90
1. 94
1. 65
1 .9 7
1 .8 3
1 .9 1
1. 65
1 .8 4
1. 74
1. 76
1. 72
1. 73
2. 18

2. 22
2. 29
1 .9 5
2. 46
2. 39
2. 44
2. 20
2. 22
2. 60

68
50
18
121
108
13
121
108
13
103
16
16
85
85
58

391
332
59
266
227
39
57
55

1 ,4 1 0
1 ,1 4 2
268
1 ,1 5 1
991
160
12
10

1 ,3 3 1
927
404
889
672
217
183
125
58
259
130
129
140
119
21
68
72
51
21
77
75
63
56
52
108

167
130
37
309
52
46
210
193
133

$ 2 . 13
2. 20
1 .9 1
2. 20
2. 25
1 .8 9
2. 14
2. 18
1 .9 7
2. 02
2. 11
1. 91
2. 01
2. 12
1 .7 5
1 .9 4
2. 01
2. 14
1 .7 5
2. 23
2. 15
2. 17
1 .9 8
1 .9 9
2. 39

1 ,9 8 2
1, 763
219
1, 232
1, 125
107
93
79
14
657
559
98
167
130
37

$ 1 .8 8
1 .9 0
1. 76
1 .8 9
1 .9 0
1. 74
1 .9 0
1 .9 3
1. 80
1. 85
1 .9 0
1. 75
1. 77
1. 87
1. 62
1 .7 7
1 .8 8
1 .6 2
1 .9 7
2 .0 7
2. 07
1 .8 2
1. 83
2. 20

4 ,9 9 5
4 ,0 8 1
914
2 ,5 4 5
2 , 302
243
630
519
111
1 ,8 2 0
1 ,2 6 0
560
361
219
142
349
207
142
622
321
318
834
772
534

1 5 ,0 6 9
1 1 ,4 5 7
3, 612
8 ,4 2 2
7 ,2 8 4
1 ,1 3 8
1 ,4 4 8
1 ,1 8 6
262
5, 199
2 ,9 8 7
2 ,2 1 2
1 ,0 7 3
748
325
83
990
665
325
1 ,8 5 5
819
759
1 ,8 0 3
1 ,6 4 8
1 ,4 1 7

-

-

132
83
49
28
28
357
59
298

$ 2 . 72
2. 75
2. 56
2. 84
2. 84
2. 85
2. 75
2. 81
2. 52
2. 55
2. 54
2. 56
2. 71
2. 77
2. 57
2. 73
2. 82
2. 57
2. 97
3. 04
3. 04
2. 69
2. 69
3. 22

© Table 3.

Occupational Averages:

All Establishments— Continued

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,
U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c t o b e r 1968)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

B o rd e r
U n ite d
N ew
M id d le
G reat
S o u th e a s t
S o u th w e s t
P a c ific
E n g la n d
S t a te s
S ta te s 2
A tla n tic
L akes
N um ber
A v erag e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N um ber A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
of
of
h o u r ly
of
of
h o u r ly
of
e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s
w o rk e rs

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n tin u e d
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e -------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------B e l t --------------------------------------------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r t h a n b e l t -------------------------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a ti c ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e )
(615 m e n , 12 w o m e n ) ------------------------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a ti c ( fe e d o n l y ) ------------------------M e n ----------------- :--------------------------------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h an d ( s e t up an d o p e ra te )
(716 m e n , 5 w o m e n ) -------------------------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( fe e d o n ly )
(213 m e n , 3 w o m e n ) --------------------------------------------------------S p r a y e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e )
(920 m e n , 10 w o m e n ) ------------------------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly ) (2 4 5 m e n , 19 w o m e n ) ----

7 ,2 8 0
5 ,9 8 8
1 ,2 9 2
4 ,4 1 8
3 ,8 1 3
605
2 ,8 6 2
2 ,1 7 5
687

$ 2 . 07
2. 12
1. 88
2. 12
2. 15
1 .9 0
2. 01
2. 06
1. 86

357
305
52
251
213
38
106
92
14

$ 2 . 43
2. 51
1 .9 5
2. 35
2. 43
1 .9 1
2. 62
2. 71
2 .0 6

527
425
102
309
249
60
218
176
42

$ 2 . 35
2. 41
2 .0 9
2. 29
2. 37
1 .9 8
2. 44
2. 48
2. 24

1 ,1 8 0
901
279
794
646
148
386
255
131

$ 1 . 87
1 .9 2
1 .7 1
1 .9 0
1 .9 3
1. 73
1 .8 2
1 .8 8
1. 69

3 , 195
2 ,7 6 5
430
1 ,7 1 7
1 ,5 6 2
155
1 ,4 7 8
1 ,2 0 3
275

$ 1 .9 0
1 .9 2
1. 75
1 .9 2
1 .9 3
1. 76
1 .8 8
1 .9 1
1 .7 5

344
313
31
197
179
18
147
134
13

$ 1 .8 7
1 .8 8
1 .7 2
1 .9 4
1 .9 7
1 .7 0
1 .7 7
1. 77
1. 74

1 ,2 9 4
925
369
868
694
174
426
231
195

$ 2 . 32
2. 44
2. 03
2. 39
2. 46
2. 11
2. 19
2. 39
1 .9 6

372
343
29
271
259
12
101
84
17

627
173
153

2. 28
2. 14
2. 19

38
7

2. 36
2 .0 9

51
15
13

2. 52
3. 35
3. 56

81
23
23

2. 05
1. 89
1. 89

273
58
48

2. 09
1. 78
1 .8 0

39
13
13

2. 12
1. 74
1. 74

94
24
18

2. 38
2. 12
2. 17

51
29
29

3. 25
2. 70
2. 70

721

2. 33

37

73

2. 38

87

2. 05

262

2 .0 6

34

1 .9 8

167

2. 60

42

3. 10

216
6 ,7 2 3
5 ,5 5 2
1 ,1 7 1

1 .9 8
2. 20
2. 24
2. 00

15
240
205
35

1. 85
1 .9 1
1 .9 3
1. 81

118
2 ,6 4 7
2 , 191
456

1 .9 5
1 .9 1
1. 93
1. 81

16
335
246
89

1. 78
1 .9 8
2. 03
1. 82

30
1 ,4 8 4
1 ,1 3 7
347

-

930
264

2. 37
2. 05

1 ,2 2 1
344
199
47
132

2. 05
2. 10
2. 10
2. 30
1 .9 3

-

-

2. 47
2.
2.
2.
2.

16
35
41
03

698
610
88

2. 64
2. 72
2. 13

29
871
761
110

53
14

2. 25
1 .9 7

129
21

2. 48
2. 81

119
36

2. 15
2. 04

354
128

2. 11
1 .8 6

29
17

2. 37
1 .7 1

66
34
9

1 .9 7
2. 03
-

116
45
18
14
26

2. 27
2. 24
2 .0 9
2. 34
2. 17

120
33
38

1 .9 4
2. 05
2. 02

336
78
48
25
53

1 .9 7
2. 22
2. 00
2. 27
1. 78

87
14
6

1. 85
1 .8 4
1 .9 1

-

-

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

80
81
59
85
87
49
65
65
67

24
46
54
20

429
383
46

3. 00
3. 02
2. 84

156
24

2. 64
2. 06

81
20

3. 16
2. 76

371
120
83

2. 02
1 .9 7
2. 20
2. 09

111
19
“

2. 40
2. 53
-

2.
2.
2.
2.

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a t i o n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l -----------------------------------------------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -----------------------------------------------------------------S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ------------------------------------------------- T y p i s t s , c l a s s A - -------- —------ --------------------—-------------------- —
T y p i s t s , c l a s s B -----------------------------------------------------------------

-

1. 86

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s i n a d d itio n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a t a r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .




-

22

-

1 .9 5

-

6

-

1 .7 2

-

13

-

“

Table 4.

Occupational Averages: By Size of Community

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s by
s iz e of c o m m u n i ty , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)
U n ite d S t a te s 2

S e x a n d o c c u p a tio n

M e tr o p o lita n
a re a s

N o n m e tr o p o lita n
a re a s

B o rd e r
W ew
---------57T33R--------A tla n tic
S t a te s
E n g la n d
N onN on­
N on­
M e tro ­
M e tr o ­
M e tr o ­
m e tro ­
m e tro ­
m e tro ­
p o lita n
p o l it a n
p o l it a n
p o l it a n
p o l it a n
p o l it a n
a re a s
a re a s
a re a s
a re a s
a re a s
a re a s

N um ber A v erag e N um ber A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s w o rk e rs e a rn in g s

S o u th e a s t
M e tr o ­
p o l it a n
a re a s

S o u th w e s t
M e tro ­
p o l it a n
a re a s

N on­
m e tro ­
p o l it a n
a re a s

$ 1 .8 7
1 .8 5

$ 1 .8 4
1 .8 4

$ 1 .8 0
1. 80

1 .7 8

N on­
m e tro ­
p o l it a n
a re a s

G re a t
L akes
N on­
M e tr o ­
m e tro ­
p o l it a n
p o l it a n
a re a s
a re a s

P a c ific
M e tro ­
p o l it a n
a re a s

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s

M en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) ----------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) ----------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( o th e r th a n
c a s e g o o d s ) ------------------------------------------------------S u b a s s e m b l i e s ----------------------------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k -----------------------------------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y -------------------------M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p and
o p e r a t e ) ------------------------------------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e --------------------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e -------------------------------------------------R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) -----------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d --------------------------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e -------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ---------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ---------------------------------B e l t ----------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r th a n b e l t ---------------------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) -------S p r a y e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ----------------

5 ,5 2 2
3, 690

$ 2 . 39
2. 44

5 ,9 3 5
3 ,5 9 4

$ 2 .0 3
2. 05

$ 2 . 39
2. 50

$ 2 . 27
2. 35

-

549
1 ,2 8 3
685
538
438

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

33
27
52
12
67

637
1 ,7 0 4
1, 101
1 ,1 1 0
979

2. 05
1 .9 9
2. 08
1 .9 2
2. 27

2. 38
2. 10
2. 67

2. 14
2. 22
2. 43

252
1 ,3 9 3
1 ,0 6 2
708
380
589
176
1 ,4 2 8
1 ,8 0 2
1 ,2 3 6
566
242
2 ,0 8 8
316

2. 55
1 .9 2
2 .0 6
2. 32
2. 39
2. 21
2. 18
2. 26
2. 32
2. 36
2. 22
2. 63
2. 52
2. 63

499
4 ,1 4 1
1 ,8 8 2
1 ,5 3 7
709
1 ,0 8 9
551
1 ,8 0 1
4 ,1 8 6
2 , 577
1 ,6 0 9
474
3, 4 6 4
604

2. 26
1 .8 3
1 .9 0
2 .0 5
2. 13
1 .9 0
1 .9 3
1. 87
2 .0 3
2 .0 5
2 .0 0
2. 18
2. 07
2. 25

2. 29
1 .7 9
1 .9 1
2 .0 9
2. 35
2. 71
2 .4 9
2. 12
2. 12
2. 78
2. 31
-

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

1 ,5 1 2
524
846
284
354
317
1 ,1 8 5
382
189
193
506

1 .9 9
1 .9 4
2. 01
1 .8 6
1 .9 3
1 .8 7
1 .9 7
1 .9 3
1 .9 7
1. 89
2 .0 7

2 ,1 0 0
614
1 ,3 6 6
898
631
982
2 ,4 4 7
910
416
494
665

1. 85
1 .8 4
1 .8 5
1 .8 1
1 .8 4
1 .8 0
1 .7 8
1. 85
1 .8 6
1. 84
1 .9 4

-

2. 15
-

17
10
20
36
46
45

-

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

42
62
57
71
39
46
43

$ 2 . 54
2. 67

$ 2 . 50
2. 44

$ 2 . 01
2. 01

2.
2.
2.
2.

29
56
12
75

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

64
64
27
38
45

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

69
07
38
59
73
66
38
23
39
28
51
37
74
37

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

67
28
28
53
41
87
11
09
44
44
43
41
68
56

2. 13
2 .0 6
2. 51

2. 20
2. 15
2. 03
2. 14
1 .9 9
2. 25
2. 29
2. 26
2. 33
2. 35

1 .7 1
1. 71
1 .8 2
1 .8 3

-

-

2.
2.
1.
2.

00
31
83
38

2. 36
1 .8 2
1. 89
2. 02
2. 05
-

2. 02
1 .9 7
-

$ 1 .8 2
1 .8 1

$ 2 . 04
2. 04

1. 84
1 .9 7
1. 76
2 .0 8

2.
2.
2.
1.
2.

07
03
16
89
32

1 .9 0
1 .8 8
1 .9 3
1 .8 2
2. 18

1. 79
1. 89
1 .9 0
1. 76
1 .9 8

2. 18
1 .7 0
1 .7 7
1 .9 4
1 .9 8
1 .7 8
1. 79
1. 75
1 .9 0
1 .9 2
1. 87
2 .0 2
1. 88
2 .0 8

2. 23
1 .7 8
1 .8 6
2 .0 0
2. 25
1 .8 9
1 .8 4
1 .9 4
1 .9 6
1 .9 7
1 .9 4
2. 21
2. 04
2. 20

2. 13
1 .7 2
1 .7 7
1 .9 1
2 .0 4
1 .7 4
1 .8 3
1 .7 5
1 .9 2
1 .9 3
1 .9 0
2 .0 4
1 .9 1
2 .0 8

2. 14
1. 75
1 .7 1
1 .8 9
1 .9 5
1 .7 5
1 .7 7
1 .8 1
1 .8 6
1. 78
2. 05
2. 11

1. 69
1 .7 1
1. 66
1. 76
1 .6 9
1. 66
1 .7 1
1 .7 3
1 .6 9

1 .8 2
1. 76
1 .8 2
1 .7 4
1 .7 7
1 .8 4
1. 73
1. 73
1 .7 6
1 .8 3

1. 74
1. 74
1 .7 3
1 .6 9
1. 68
1. 69
1. 68
1 .7 7
1 .7 6
1. 77
1 .7 9

1. 71
1. 71
1 .6 9
1 .8 0
1 .7 2
1 .7 1
1 .7 2
1. 74
1 .8 0

-

$ 2 . 72
2 .9 3

2.
2.
3.
2.
3.

83
54
04
68
32

2. 00
-

2. 75
1 .9 9
2. 17
2. 56
2. 34
2. 26
2. 70
2. 44
2. 65
2. 58
2. 59
2. 87
2. 70
2. 90

2. 45
2. 16
2. 27
2. 34
2. 35
2. 30
2. 27
2. 30
2. 31
2. 29
2. 44
2. 41
2. 47

3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.
3.
3.

32
09
66
85
96
60
66
46
82
87
66
17
01
21

1. 76
1. 77
1 .7 8
1 .8 7

2. 04
2. 02
2. 06
1 .9 6
1 .9 4
1 .9 7
2. 13
2. 19
2. 18
2. 20
2. 30

1 .9 3
2. 09
1. 90
1 .9 4
1 .9 1
1 .9 9
1. 85
1. 98
2. 06
1 .9 3
2. 14

2. 56
2. 85
2. 56
_

-

1. 79
1 .8 2
1. 88
-

.
1. 98
2 .0 7
-

24
31
52
25
87

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

$ 2 . 75
2. 84

48
22
40
31
41

-

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

$ 2 . 41
2. 48

W om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 3---------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) ----------S u b a s s e m b l i e s ----------------------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e --------------------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e -------------------------------------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ---------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ---------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ---------------------------------B e l t ----------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r t h a n b e lt --------------------------------------------------S p r a y e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_
-

1. 92
2. 32
2. 26
1 .9 7
1 .9 7
1 .9 2
2. 06
1 .9 8

“

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te no d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b l ic a ti o n c r i t e r i a .

(0




2 .0 3
2 .0 4
2 .0 4
1. 88
1. 92
1. 71
1 .9 8
2. 00
2. 21

_

-

2. 58
2. 56
2. 84

o

Table 5.

Occupational Averages: By Size of Establishment

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s by
s i z e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)
N ew E n g la n d

U n ite d S ta te s 2

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r S t a te s

S o u th e a s t

S o u th w e s t

G re a t L akes

P a c if i c

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith —
S e x a n d o c c u p a tio n

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

2 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers

250
250
250
250
250
250
250
2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s 2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s 2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s 2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s 2 0 -2 4 9
w o r k e r s 2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s 2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s
w o rk e rs
w o rk e rs
w o rk e rs
w o rk e rs
w o rk e rs
w o rk e rs
w o rk ers
o r m o re
o r m o re
o r m o re
o r m o re
o r m o re
o r m o re
o r m o re

N u m b e r A v e r a g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s

M en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) __
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( c a s e
g o o d s ) _________________________________
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( o th e r
t h a n c a s e g o o d s ) _____________________
S u b a s s e m b l i e s --------------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s _________________ —
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k ___
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y _________
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) —____________________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ------- — ----------P a c k e rs , fu rn itu r e — _ — -----R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s —_______________________
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ---R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d _________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d -------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e ______ —
B e lt .
.
......................
O t h e r t h a n b e lt - — —
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a t e ) ______________________________
S p r a y e r s ——
___________________________ _
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) —

6, 388

$ 2 . 34

5, 069

$ 2 . 03

$ 2 . 28

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 . 51

$ 2 . 67

$ 2 . 03

$ 1. 88

$ 1. 89

$ 1 .9 1

4 , O il

2. 42

3, 273

2. 04

2. 39

2 .4 7

2. 61

2 .6 6

2. 05

1. 89

1. 89

1. 91

66Z
1 ,7 1 5
1, 020
760
626

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

28
19
32
07
55

524
1 ,2 7 2
766
888
791

2. 05
2. 00
2. 15
1 .9 1
2. 26

1.
2.
2.
2.
2.

1.
1.
1.
1.
2.

94
87
89
78
21

1 .9 2
1. 91
2 . 03
1. 85
2. 19

339
2 , 134
1 ,4 4 6
995
444
649
219
1, 873
2 ,4 7 7
1 ,6 4 2
835

2 .4 7
1. 92
2. 00
2. 22
2. 34
2. 17
2. 12
2. 15
2. 23
2. 28
2. 14

412
3 ,4 0 0
1 ,4 9 8
1 ,2 5 0
645
1 ,0 2 9
508
1, 356
3, 511
2, 171
1, 340

2.
1.
1.
2.
2.
1.
1.
1.
2.
2.
2.

27
82
92
08
15
90
93
89
04
06
00

2 . 21
1 .9 9
2. 07
2. 26
2. 37
2. 54
2 .4 8
2 .4 8
2 .4 0
2 .6 8

399
2, 731
463

2 .4 1
2 .4 3
2 .4 3

317
2, 821
457

2. 24
2. 06
2. 33

2. 38
2. 36
2 . 24

1, 740

1. 93

1 ,8 7 2

1. 89

395
1 ,2 0 6
399
454
459
1 ,7 36
575
275
300
512

1 .9 2
1.9 1
1. 86
1. 85
I. 77
1. 86
1 .8 8
1 .9 1
1. 85
1. 99

743
1 ,0 0 6
783
531
840
1, 896
717
330
387
659

1. 87
1. 92
1. 81
1. 90
1. 84
1. 83
1. 87
1 .8 8
1. 86
2. 00

98
19
19
12
55

-

$ 1. 83

$ 2 .6 1

$ 2 . 39

$ 2 . 73

1. 81

2. 77

2. 44

2. 78

3. 12

1 .8 5
1. 92
1. 85
1. 79
2. 21

2. 23
2. 27
2 .4 2
2. 29
2. 63

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2.
2.
2.
2.
3.

82
56
94
70
25

2. 44

2. 05
1. 79
1. 82
1 .9 2
2. 07
1. 87
1 .9 3
1. 98
2. 03
1 .8 6

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

52
03
20
39
37
26
70
37
48
50
39

2. 52
2. 31
2. 30
2. 43
2. 31
2. 33
2. 32
2. 39
2. 40
2. 39

3. 26
2. 09
2. 65
2. 87
2. 99
2 .6 3
2 .6 7
2. 46
2. 83
2. 89
2. 61

.
2 .4 2
2. 65
2. 74
2. 74
2. 71
2. 83

$ 2 . 86

2. 71
2. 33
2 .4 2
2. 11
2. 64

2.
2.
2.
2.

73
73
71
51

2. 12
1. 94
2. 13

1. 85
2. 02
1. 76
2. 19

2. 26
2 .6 2
2 . 54
2. 79

2 .6 6
2. 15
2. 23
2. 42
2. 59
2. 53
2. 62
2. 12
2. 35
2 . 30
2. 42

2 .7 6
2. 42
2. 68
2. 91
2. 58
3. 03
2. 85
2. 71
2 .6 3
2. 55
2. 83

2. 24
1. 73
1. 86
1 .9 8
2. 07
1. 83
1. 90
1. 98
2. 00
1 .9 1

2. 20
1. 73
1. 79
1. 96
1. 96
1. 76
1. 75
1 .9 1
1. 92
1. 88

2. 14
1 .6 9
1. 73
1. 86
2 . 08
1 .7 5
1 .7 6
1. 81
1 .8 4
1. 86
1. 80

2. 15
1. 73
1. 82
1 .9 6
2 . 09
1 .7 5
1. 85
1 .7 7
1 .9 6
1. 97
1 .9 4

1 .7 1
1. 73
1 .7 0

2. 82
2. 57
2 .7 2

2. 29
2. 71
2. 39

2 .6 2
2. 74
2. 78

2. 07
1 .9 9
2. 11

2. 04
1 .9 1
2 . 16

1. 88
1. 88
1. 97

2 . 15
1 .9 5
2. 19

2. 05
-

1. 99
2. 02
2. 40

2. 66
2. 60
2. 71

2. 48
2. 37
2. 55,

3. 10
3. 03
3. 16

2. 96
3. 17

_

2. 02

2. 31

1 .6 6

1. 72

1 .7 4

1 .7 6 -

1 .6 7

1 .7 7

1. 94

2 . 02

2. 55

_

-

2. 07
1 .9 1
1 .9 9
1. 74
2. 03
1. 97
1 .8 8
2. 11
2. 08

2. 09

1 .6 9
1. 72

1. 76
1 .6 6
1 .6 7
1. 75
1 .6 9
1. 70
1 .7 1
1. 73
1. 69
1 .8 0

1 .7 5
1 .6 9
1 .6 4
1 .6 6
1 .6 8
1 .7 2
1 .7 2

1 .7 5
1 .7 6
1 .7 0
1 .7 2
1 .7 4
1 .6 9
1 .7 7
1. 78
1. 77
1 .8 3

1 .7 1
1 .6 2

1. 76
1. 80

1. 97
1. 93
1 .8 4
1 .7 9
1. 85
1. 94
1. 89
2. 00

2.
1.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2. 53
2 .4 3
2. 56

-

2. 16
2. 40
2. 17
2. 17
2. 25
2. 36
2. 58
-

-

$ 1. 83

-

-

1. 78
1. 86
1. 86
-

2. 12
-

1 .7 1
1. 85
-

-

72
23
48
27
43

-

3. 12
2 .6 2
3. 13

-

-

W om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 3—
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
(c a s e g o o d s)—
____ __________
S u b a s s e m b l i e s _________________________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e _____ ____________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e --- ------------ ------ ----R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ____________
B e lt
O th e r t h a n b e l t ________________________
S p r a y e r s ----------------------------------------------------

_

1 .9 0
2 . 19
2 . 05
1. 92
1 .9 4
1. 90
2 . 05
1 .8 7

-

2. 32
-

2 . 20
-

2 . 37

-

2. 38
2. 47
2. 32
-

2 .4 5

-

1 .6 6
-

1. 87

-

1. 77

-

1 .6 4
-

.

1 .8 2
1 .7 9
-

1 .7 8

“
‘ ■, 1

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s ,
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

a n d l a te s h if t s .

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a ,




-

16
97
01
14
13
05
27
30
25
23

-

2. 59
2. 59

_
_
_
_
_

-

_

-

.

-

Table 6.

Occupational Averages: By Labor-Management Contract Coveragi

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y
l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t c o v e r a g e , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)
U n ite d S ta te s 2

N ew E n g la n d

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r S t a te s

G re a t L akes

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith —
S e x a n d o c c u p a tio n

N one o r
N one o r
N one o r
N one o r
N one o r
N one o r
N one o r
None o r m i n o r i t y M a jo r it y
M a jo r ity
M a jo r it y
M a jo r it y
M a jo r it y
M a jo r it y
M a jo r it y
m in o r it y
m in o r it y
m in o r it y
m in o r it y
m in o rity
m in o r it y
c o v e re d
c o v e re d
c o v e re d
c o v e re d
c o v e re d
c o v e re d
c o v e r e d m in o r it y
c o v e re d
c o v e re d
c o v e re d
c o v e re d
c o v e re d
c o v e re d
c o v e re d
c o v e re d
N u m b er A v erag e N u m b er A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s w o rk e rs e a rn in g s
M a jo r it y
c o v e re d

M en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) __
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( c a s e
g rin d s ) ___ „
______
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s (o th e r
t h a n c a s e g o o d s ) ____________________
S u b a s s e m b l i e s _________________________
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ___________________
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k _____________________
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ----------M o ld i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e _______________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e _______________________
R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s _______________________
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) __
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d -----------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ___________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ------------------B e l t .......................................................................
O th e r t h a n b e lt
— S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t up a n d
_____ ____ . . .
o p e r a t e ) ____ ____
S p r a y e r s __ ___ __ ______ ___ ______________ _
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) —

5, 111

$ 2 . 37

6 ,3 4 6

$ 2 . 07

$ 2 . 38

$ 2 . 25

$ 2 . 54

$ 2 . 52

$ 2 . 24

$ 1. 82

$ 1. 87

$ 1 .9 1

$ 1. 76

$ 1. 86

$ 2 . 57

$ 2 . 51

$ 2 . 82

3, 383

2. 42

3 ,9 0 1

2. 10

2 .4 3

2 . 39

2 .6 8

2 .4 6

2. 30

1. 82

1. 89

1. 90

1 .7 4

1. 87

2. 62

2. 78

2 . 93

2 .6 2

440
1, 288
752
524
551

2. 30
2. 26
2 .4 6
2. 19
2. 55

746
1 ,6 9 9
1, 034
1, 124
866

2 . 10
1 .9 9
2. 10
1. 89
2 . 29

2. 04

2. 56
2. 29
2 .4 7
2. 17
2. 64

2. 63
2. 45
2. 34
2 .4 8

1 .9 2
2. 38
2. 00
2 .4 6

1. 85
1 .9 6
1. 75
2. 07

2 . 02
1. 77
2. 21

1.
1.
1.
1.
2.

96
90
96
84
20

1. 78
1. 84
1 .7 9
1. 79
1 .9 5

2. 60
2 .4 0
2. 52
2. 37
2. 55

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

13
09
30
14
57

2.
2.
2.
2.
3.

84
59
98
74
32

2. 79
2. 41
2. 94
2. 58
_

333
1 ,9 2 7
949
775
342
590
151
1, 301
2, 036
1, 384
652

2.
1.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

52
98
15
40
34
22
33
19
25
27
20

418
3 ,6 0 7
1 ,9 9 5
1 ,4 7 0
747
1 ,0 8 8
576
1 ,9 2 8
3 ,9 5 2
2 ,4 2 9
1 ,5 2 3

2 . 23
1 .7 9
1 .8 6
2. 00
2. 17
1 .8 9
1 .9 0
1. 94
2. 05
2. 09
1. 99

76
30
27
68
54
69
82
17
40
29
55

2. 53
2. 10
2. 44
2. 31
2 .6 3
2. 53
2. 31
2. 44
2. 46
2 .4 0

2. 59
1. 96
2. 00
2. 28
2. 26
-

2.
2.
2.
2.

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

09
96
99
88

2. 13
1 .7 1
1 .7 7
1 .9 2
1 .9 7
1. 84
1. 78
1. 74
1 .9 1
1. 93
1. 88

2 . 01
1 .6 8
1 .8 0
1 .8 4
2. 07
1. 74
1 .8 1
1 .8 0
1 .8 3
1. 83
1. 82

2. 19
1. 74
1 .7 9
1. 94
2. 09
1 .7 5
1. 84
1 .7 8
1 .9 4
1 .9 6
1. 92

2. 15
1. 70
1. 72
1. 85
1. 96
1. 76
1 .7 9
1. 79
1. 82
1. 77

1. 78
1. 91
1. 78
1. 94
2. 09
-

2. 54
2. 20
2. 43
2. 53
2. 48
2. 32
2. 79
2. 33
2 .4 7
2. 49
2. 42

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

47
01
07
17
26
23
62
38
40
42
34

3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

33
15
72
84
93
64
61
56
87
88
83

2. 11
2. 38
2. 82
2. 55
2. 30
2. 74
2. 85
_

263
2 ,0 7 1
359

2. 57
2. 45
2. 59

453
3 ,4 8 1
561

2. 19
2. 12
2. 25

2. 63
2. 46
2 . 53

2. 43
2. 74
2. 57

2. 32
2 .6 7
2 .4 0

2. 13
2. 18
2 .4 9

2. 04
1. 88
2. 07

2. 03
1. 88
2. 05

2. 07
1. 94
2. 12

1. 85
2. 14

2. 16
-

2. 56
2 .6 6
2. 69

2. 67
2. 42
2. 56

3. 07
3. 03
3. 14

3. 00
3. 25

1, 138

2. 07

2 ,4 7 4

1. 83

_

_

2. 11

2. 11

_

1 .6 9

1 .6 8

1 .7 7

1 .7 1

1. 74

2. 23

1

88

2 .6 1

453
574
262
425
304
1 ,0 1 3
417
217
200
402

1.
2.
2.
1.
2.
2.
2.
1.
2.
2.

685
1 ,6 3 8
920
560
995
2 ,6 1 9
875
388
487
769

1. 85
1 .8 2
1. 77
1. 79
1. 76
1. 75
1 . 82
1 .8 6
1. 78
1 .8 9

-

-

-

1 .6 9

-

-

1. 72
1 .6 5
1 .6 7
1 .7 2
1 .6 6
1 .6 5
1. 70

1 .7 8
1. 76
1. 70
1 .7 0
1 .7 2
1 .6 9
1 .7 6
1 .7 7
1 .7 5
1 . 81

1 .6 5
1 .7 9

1 .9 0
1 .8 7
1 .8 6
1 .7 9
1 . 88
1. 87
2. 03
2. 08
1. 92
2. 09

2. 85
2. 62

2 . 50
2 .4 1
2. 30
2. 50

2. 02
2. 12
2 .4 7

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

38
19
17
57
44
60

2.
1.
1.
2.
2.
2.

67
57
54
64

2.
2.
2.
2.

-

-

08
91
98
03
32
40

-

32
42
30
88

2. 19
2. 34
2. 23

-

-

-

-

2.
1.
1.
1.

-

-

1. 90
1. 92
-

-

$ 2 . 63

-

W om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 3—
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
(c a s e goods)
------------ ---------- - -------------S u b a s s e m b l i e s ----------------------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ___________________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ________________________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d _____________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ______________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e _________________
B e lt ___________ ________________________ _
O t h e r t h a n b e l t ________________________

S ra rs
p ye

.............................

94
16
00
99
00
08
00
97
04
20

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

05
30
03
12
20
20

-

2. 23

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s ,
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c la s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

1 .8 9
2. 18
2. 17
1. 86
1. 85
1 .7 4
2 . 06
“
and la te

D a s h e s i n d ic a te no d a ta r e p o s e d o r d a ta th a t do n o t m e e t p u b l ic a ti o n c r i t e r i a ,




-

2. 18
1. 92
2. 03
1. 96
2. 21
2. 37
2. 21
2 .4 5
2. 31
s h if t s .

-

1 .9 9
1 .9 6
2. 07
-

2. 00
1. 97
1. 93
2. 06
"

-

2. 03
-

1. 93

-

1 .6 9
1. 78

-

1. 65
1. 73
1 .6 9
-

1. 74

_
-

1 .6 9
1 .7 2
-

1 .7 6
1. 77

-

1 .6 3
_
-

1. 84
1 .8 2
-

“

2. 31
2. 17
2. 08
2. 18
2. 11
2. 20
2. 03
2. 15
1 .9 7
2. 31

.

_

2. 56

_
.

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

2. 58
2. 84

.

Table 7.

Occupational Averages:

By Labor-Management Contract Coverage and Size of Community

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s by
l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t c o v e r a g e a n d s i z e of c o m m u n ity , U n ite d S t a te s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c t o b e r 1968)
U n ite d S ta te s 2

B o r d e r S ta te s

M id d le A tla n tic

S o u th e a s t

G re a t L akes

P a c if i c

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith —
O c c u p a tio n a n d s iz e
o f c o m m u n ity

A s s e m b le r s , f u rn itu r e (ex c e p t
c h a irs ):
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ------------------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s ------------------C u t-o ff-s a w o p e ra to rs :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ------------------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s ------------------G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ------------------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s ------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ------------------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s ------------------P a c k e r s , fu rn itu re :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s -----------------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s ------------------R ip -sa w o p e ra to rs :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ------------------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s ------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d
o p e ra te ) :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ------------------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s ------------------R u b b e rs , f u rn itu r e , hand:
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ------------------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s ------------------S a n d e rs , f u rn itu r e , hand:
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ------------------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s ------------------S a n d e rs , f u r n itu r e , m a c h in e :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s -------------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s -------------B e lt:
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s -------------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s -------------S p ra y ers:
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ------------------------N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s -------------------

N one o r m i n o r ­
M a jo r it y
i ty c o v e r e d
c o v e re d
A v e rN um A v e rN um ber
ber
age
age
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e a rn w o rk e a rn e rs
in g s
e rs

M a jo r ity
N one o r m in o r ­ N one o r m in o r ­
c o v e re d
i ty c o v e r e d
i ty c o v e r e d
N um A v e rN um A v erN um A v e rber
age
ber
ber
age
age
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e a rn w o rk w o rk e a rn e a rn e rs
e rs
e rs
in g s
in « s
ln 8 3

2 ,9 2 4
2 , 187

$ 2 .4 9
2. 21

2 ,5 9 8
3 ,7 4 8

$ 2 . 27
1 .9 3

1 ,1 0 5
240

$ 2 . 53
2. 55

287
-

$2. 57
-

410
486

$ 1 .8 2
1 .8 2

393
681

$ 2 . 10
1 .7 4

453
2 ,5 5 4

$ 1 .9 9
1 .9 0

379
952

$ 2 . 67
2. 53

641
326

$ 2 . 75
2 .0 6

527
-

$ 2 . 81
-

355
397

2. 69
2. 26

330
704

2. 33
1 .9 8

106
85

2 .7 1
2. 18

98
18

2. 41
2. 66

31
131

2 .0 5
1 .9 4

41
68

2. 23
1 .8 9

68
440

2. 11
1 .9 4

41
140

2. 74
2. 46

60
24

2. 38
2. 10

77
-

3. 04
-

239
285

2. 29
2. 10

299
825

1 .9 9
1 .8 6

93
45

2. 12
2. 30

25
-

2. 15
-

156

1 .7 3

27
85

1 .8 9
1. 74

84
576

1 .8 9
1 .8 3

25
88

2. 38
2. 36

40
108

2. 17
2. 37

68
-

2. 74
-

261
290

2. 76
2. 36

177
689

2. 53
2. 23

42
56

2. 96
2. 41

25
-

2. 38
-

34
87

2. 20
2 .0 2

9
70

2. 05
2. 22

58
397

2. 36
2. 17

56
110

2. 74
2. 46

47
-

3 .0 3
-

55
-

3. 33
-

594
1 ,3 3 3

2 .0 5
1 .9 5

799
2 ,8 0 8

1. 82
1. 78

33
160

2. 39
2. 28

74
-

1.92

190
604

1 .7 4
1 .6 9

72
575

1. 78
1 .6 7

298
1 ,7 7 7

1 .7 7
1 .7 3

78
358

2. 09
2. 22

79
201

1 .9 0
2 .0 5

297
-

2. 10
-

414
535

2. 22
2. 10

684
1 ,3 4 7

1 .9 7
1 .8 1

79
54

2. 23
2. 33

45
34

2. 63
2. 19

262

1 .7 6

175

1. 71

214
848

1 .8 1
1 .7 8

58
185

2. 24
2. 49

197
119

2. 15
1 .9 4

83
-

2. 72
-

354
421

2. 55
2. 27

354
1 ,1 1 6

2. 09
1 .9 7

72
55

2. 80
2. 54

33
26

2. 15
2. 51

99
214

1 .9 1
1 .9 3

63
104

1 .9 7
1. 77

80
730

2. 02
1 .9 3

59
147

2. 70
2. 46

26
82

2. 25
2. 14

76
-

2. 86
-

152
190

2. 52
2. 20

228
519

2. 30
2. 11

31
28

2. 64
2 .4 3

38
-

2. 81
-

22
85

1 .9 7
1 .9 7

79

1 .9 1

64
308

2. 17
2. 08

28
65

2. 54
2. 45

80
71

2. 26
2. 26

12
-

2. 93
-

273
317

2. 40
2. 07

316
772

2. 04
1. 83

83
14

2. 66
2. 89

28
123

2. 09
1 .6 6

43
589

1 .7 6
1 .7 5

52
139

2. 38
2. 30

129
48

2. 21
2. 30

29
-

2. 64
-

848
453

2. 28
2 .0 3

580
1 ,3 4 8

2. 23
1 .8 1

428
82

2. 21
1 .9 5

62
61

2. 33
2. 28

246

1 .7 4

77
172

2. 02
1 .7 0

147
935

1 .8 9
1 .7 6

59
155

2. 31
2. 33

161
68

2 .4 8
2. 14

202
-

2. 56
-

782
1 ,2 5 4

2. 37
2. 17

1 ,0 2 0
2 ,9 3 2

2. 27
1 .9 7

94
141

2. 36
2. 42

134
56

2. 42
2. 49

174
635

1 .9 7
1 .9 0

133
412

1 .9 7
1. 78

296
1 ,9 2 4

1 .9 5
1 .9 4

157
402

2. 69
2. 39

220
146

2. 62
2 .0 6

190
-

2. 87
-

532
852

2 .4 4
2. 16

704
1 ,7 2 5

2. 31
2. 00

59
83

2. 12
2 .4 2

56
51

2. 45
2. 48

429

1 .9 1

87
283

1 .9 6
1. 79

172
1 ,0 2 0

1 .9 7
1 .9 6

126
287

2. 73
2. 39

173
108

2. 62
2. 08

147
-

2. 89
-

975
1 ,0 9 6

2. 61
2. 30

1 ,1 1 3
2, 368

2. 44
1 .9 7

241
167

2. 73
2. 75

142
60

2. 75
2. 49

162
488

1 .9 2
1 .8 7

148
369

2. 03
1 .8 2

228
1 ,4 4 6

2. 04
1 .9 3

188
382

2. 76
2. 61

312
255

2. 67
2. 11

221
"

3. 02

.

_

-

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .




-

_

_

_
91

_

_

_

_

_
1 .7 8

_

_

M a jo r it y
N one o r m in o r ­
c o v e re d
i ty c o v e r e d
N um N um A v e rA v e rber
ber
age
age
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e a rn w o rk e a rn e rs
e rs
m gs
m gs

_

_

M a jo r it y
N one o r m in o r ­
c o v e re d
i ty c o v e r e d
N um N um A v e rA v e rber
age
ber
age
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
w o rk w o rk e a rn e a rn e rs
in g s
e rs
in g s

M a jo r ity
c o v e re d
N um A v e rber
age
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e a rn e rs
in g s

Table 8.

Occupational Averages: By Labor-Management Contract Coverage and Size of Establishment

(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s by
l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t c o v e r a g e an d s i z e o f e s ta b l is h m e n t , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c t o b e r 1968)
U n ite d S ta te s 2

B o r d e r S ta te s

M id d le A t l a n t i c

G reat L akes

S o u th e a s t

P a c ific

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith —
O c c u p a tio n a n d s iz e
of e s ta b lis h m e n t

A s s e m b le rs , fu rn itu r e (ex cep t
c h a ir s ) :
20—
249 w o r k e r s -------------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e --------------------C u t-o ff-s a w o p e ra to rs :
20—
249 w o r k e r s -----------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e --------------------G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k :
20—
249 w o r k e r s -----------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e --------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y :
20—
249 w o r k e r s -----------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e --------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e :
20—
249 w o r k e r s -----------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e --------------------P a c k e r s , fu rn itu re :
20—
249 w o r k e r s -----------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e --------------------R ip -sa w o p e ra to rs :
20—
249 w o r k e r s -----------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e --------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p an d
o p e ra te ):
20—
249 w o r k e r s -----------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e --------------------R u b b e rs , f u r n itu r e , hand:
20—
249 w o r k e r s -----------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e --------------------S a n d e rs , f u r n itu r e , hand:
20—
249 w o r k e r s -----------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e --------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e : 3
20—
249 w o r k e r s -------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ---------------B e lt:
20—
249 w o r k e r s -------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ---------------S p ra y ers:
20—
249 w o r k e r s -----------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ---------------------

N one o r m in o r ­
M a jo r ity
i ty c o v e r e d
c o v e re d
A v e r­ N um ­
N um ­
A v e r­
ber
age
ber
age
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
w o rk ­
e a rn ­ w o rk ­
e a rn ­
e rs
e rs
in g s
in g s

N one o r m in o r ­ N one o r m in o r ­
M a jo r it y
c o v e re d
i ty c o v e r e d
ity c o v e re d
N um ­
A v er­ N um ­
A v e r­ N um ­
A v e r­
ber
ber
ber
age
age
age
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ­
w o rk ­
e a rn ­ w o rk ­
e a rn ­
e a rn ­
e rs
in g s
e rs
in g s
e rs
in g s

3 ,0 5 2
2 ,0 5 9

$ 2 . 53
2. 14

3, 336
3 ,0 1 0

$ 2 . 17
1 .9 5

1,210
-

$ 2 . 50
-

316

445
307

2. 57
2. 31

575
459

2. 13
2. 05

162
-

2. 41
-

102
-

284
240

2. 29
2 .0 6

476
648

1 .9 4
1. 86

Ill
-

2. 04
-

259
292

2. 75
2. 37

367
499

2. 41
2. 20

63
-

725
1 ,2 0 2

2 .0 9
1 .9 1

1 ,4 0 9
2, 198

1 .8 2
1. 77

125

476
473

2. 24
2. 07

970
1 ,0 2 5

322
453

2. 66
2. 21

139
203

212
862

$ 2 . 09
1 .8 2

1 ,1 9 6
1 ,8 1 1

$ 1 .8 5
1 .9 5

886
445

$ 2 . 60
2. 50

760
207

$ 2 . 61
2. 16

420
136

$ 2 . 80
2. 86

2. 44
-

26
123

2. 35
1 .9 5

21
88

2. 49
1 .9 1

232
276

1 .8 3
2. 07

106
75

2. 50
2. 55

89
19

2. 33
2. 17

73
28

2. 93
3. 12

46
-

2. 27
-

24
20 3

1 .9 0
1 .7 4

8
104

2. 01
1. 75

256
404

1 .7 7
1 .8 8

78
35

2. 37
2. 36

53
11

2. 17
2 .0 0

52
20

2. 78
2. 62

2. 75
-

27
-

2. 39
-

40
86

2 .4 7
2 .0 6

75

2. 21

134
321

2. 21
2. 19

88
78

2. 62
2. 47

120
35

2 .6 3
2. 34

43
15

3. 39
3. 13

-

2. 22
-

134
-

2. 08
-

67
652

1 .9 7
1 .7 0

630

1. 68

666
1 ,4 0 9

1. 69
1 .7 6

223
213

2. 08
2. 32

246
34

1 .9 7
2. 27

250
78

2 .0 7
2. 42

1. 88
1. 84

104
-

2 .0 7
-

57
-

2. 50
-

60
283

1 .9 9
1 .7 4

222

1 .8 0

459
603

1 .7 3
1 .8 3

179
64

2. 38
2. 59

238
78

2 .0 7
2 .0 7

46
39

2. 77
2. 65

673
797

2. 00
2 .0 0

82
-

2. 51
-

48
-

2. 26
-

32
249

2 .0 6
1 .9 4

11
156

2 .3 9
1. 80

318
492

1 .8 4
2 .0 1

98
108

2 .5 9
2. 47

96
12

2. 18
2. 10

60
36

2 .9 1
2. 74

2. 52
2. 22

305
442

2. 25
2. 11

40

2. 37

40

2. 81
-

-

72

1 .9 4

114

2 .0 7

118
254

2 .0 8
2. 10

54
39

2. 52
2. 42

88
63

2. 28
2. 25

-

324
266

2. 35
2. 07

325
763

2. 00
1. 84

70
-

2. 53
-

-

-

130

1 .7 5

91
541

1 .7 7
1 .7 5

131
60

2. 34
2. 28

125
52

2. 17
2. 39

19
-

2. 74
-

913
388

2. 25
2 .0 6

960
968

2. 05
1. 82

471
-

2. 10
-

82
-

2. 25
-

21
195

1 .9 2
1 .7 3

59
190

1 .9 3
1. 76

394
688

1 .7 9
1 .7 8

118
96

2. 39
2. 25

214
-

2. 35
-

185
21

2. 57
2. 49

934
1 ,1 0 2

2. 44
2 .0 8

1 ,5 4 3
2 ,4 0 9

2. 11
2. 02

177
-

2. 30
-

153
-

2 .4 2
-

77
685

1 .8 6
1 .9 1

494

1. 83

759
1 ,4 6 1

1 .8 4
2 .0 0

314
245

2. 54
2. 38

244
122

2. 39
2 .4 2

141
56

2. 92
2. 74

655
729

2 .4 9
2. 07

987
1 ,4 4 2

2. 14
2. 05

108
-

2. 19
-

72
-

2. 45
-

56
485

1 .8 5
1 .9 3

332

1 .8 3

465
727

1 .8 6
2 .0 3

248
165

2. 57
2. 38

175
106

2 .4 1
2 .4 3

113
40

2. 94
2. 71

1 ,1 1 3
958

2. 68
2. 17

1 ,6 1 8
1 ,8 6 3

2. 25
2. 00

339
“

2. 71

157
"

2. 72
“

76
531

2. 15
1 .8 8

461

592
1 ,0 8 2

1. 87
1 .9 8

390
180

2. 75
2. 46

441
126

2 .4 7
2. 25

155
74

3. 06
2. 96

-

-

D a s h e s i n d ic a te no d a t a r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t d o n o t m e e t p u b l ic a ti o n c r i t e r i a .




M a jo r it y
c o v e re d
N um ­
A v e r­
ber
age
of
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
w o rk ­
e rs
in g s

$ 2 . 15
1 .8 2

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

M a jo r it y
N one o r m in o r c o v e re d
i ty co v e r e d
N um ­
A v e r­
N um ­
A v e r­
ber
age
ber
age
h o u r ly
of
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ­
e a rn ­ w o rk ­
e a rn ­
e rs
in g s
e rs
in g s

173
737

-

$ 2 . 58

M a jo r it y
N one o r m in o r ­
c o v e re d
i ty c o v e r e d
N um ­
A v e r­ N um ­
A v er­
ber
ber
age
age
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ­
e a rn ­
w o rk ­
e a rn ­
e rs
e rs
in g s
in g s

-

-

-

-

-

-

1. 86

-

Table 9-

Occupational Averages: By Method of Wage Payment

(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y
m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t, U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)
U n ite d S ta te s 2
T im e w o rk e rs

S e x a n d o c c u p a tio n

N um ber
of
w o rk e r s

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N ew E n g la n d

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M id d le A tla n tic

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s

T im e w o rk e rs
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

T im e w o rk e rs
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

B o r d e r S t a te s

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

T im e w o rk e rs
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

M en
A s s e m b le rs , fu rn itu r e (ex cep t
c h a i r s ) __ ___________________________
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ______________
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k ________________
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ----O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e _______________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e __________________
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d
o p e r a t e )_________ ____ , __ __ _________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ---------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ----------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e _______
B e lt.
S p ray ers
— - __ __ — -

8, 907
1 ,4 9 7
1, 363
1, 377
4 , 771
2, 337
1 ,8 1 8

$ 2 . 11
2. 20
1. 92
2. 37
1. 79
1 .8 6
2. 07

2, 550
289
285
40
763
607
427

$ 2 . 53
2. 50
2. 33
3. 15
2. 23
2. 33
2 .4 3

228
69
51
58
125
78
80

812
359
783
909
049
503

2. 13
1 .9 0
1 .9 6
2. 03
2. 06
2. 15

277
319
446
1 ,0 7 9
764
1 ,0 4 9

2. 50
2. 48
2. 50
2. 52
2. 52
2 .6 1

28
45
42
137
1 18
135

2, 392
119
900
824
1, 121
2, 787
1 ,0 1 1
880

1. 86
1. 73
1. 77
1. 82
1 .7 8
1. 75
1. 82
1. 93

1 ,2 2 0
36
282
161
178
845
281
291

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

1,
2,
4,
3,
4,

$ 2 . 16
2. 12
1. 97
2 .4 8
1. 89
1. 89
2. 09

104
32
34
75
38
46

$ 2 . 68
2. 32
2. 54
2. 29
2. 53
2. 63

1. 342
249
137
119
156
120
93

30
56
12
12
12
30

7
39
64
168
95
70

2. 81
2. 54
2. 68
2. 84
2. 81
2 .6 2

53
71
546
251
142
371

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

26
50
10
29
19
63

1 .7 7
1. 84
1 .7 6
1. 76
1. 90

21
16
79
20
9

2. 38
2. 26
2. 23
2. 26
2. 38

92
12
36
60
105
29
30

2. 04
1. 75
1. 81
2. 05
1. 96
1. 93
1. 99

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

$ 2 .4 6
2. 39
1. 98
2 .6 0
1 .9 2
2. 01
2 . 30

421
58
56
185
92
93

$ 2 . 78
2. 78
2. 81

$ 1 .8 9
2. 00
1 .7 7
2. 18
1.71
1 .7 8
1. 97

210
22
-

2. 47
2 . 77
2. 84

932
184
198
166
791
366
313

69
39
87
174
107
239

2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

84
09
81
59
60
85

104
187
281
798
570
671

1. 98
1. 84
1. 79
1 .9 1
1. 92
1. 90

40

127
69
44
9
182
73
58

2. 16
2. 01
2. 06
1. 87
2. 26
2. 15
2. 20

257
167
57
63
279
253
102

1. 72
1 .6 8
1. 74
1. 69
1 .6 6
1 .7 1
1. 81

_
41
-

-

-

84
52
-

-

76
-

$ 2 . 03
2. 43
-

1 .9 4
1. 92
-

1. 84
2. 00
-

W om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e (e x c e p t
c h a ir s )
G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k ------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e - __
~ .
P a c k e rs , fu rn itu re __ ________ R u b b e rs, fu rn itu r e , h a n d _ — S a n d e rs , fu rn itu r e , h an d ----- S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ----------S p ra y ers
— „ - — ------------ -

00
28
00
14
04
13
07
20

35
7
98
32
26

S o u th e a s t
T im e w o rk e rs

S o u th w e s t

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s

G re a t Lakes

T im e w o rk e rs

T im e w o rk e rs

-

1 .9 1
-

P a c if i c

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s

T im e w o rk e rs

M en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) —————___________ ___________ _________
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s . . . . ________
G l u e r s , ro u g h s t o c k _________________ ___________ ___________ ___________ _________
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ~ __ - - -.
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e __ ~ — - — —
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s - ___ — — — —
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) _________ ______________________ _________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d _ _ _____
S a n d e rs , fu rn itu r e , h a n d .
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e 3
B e lt
—
S p r a y e r s ----------------------------------------------

3 ,6 1 9
595
754
534
2 ,6 5 6
1, 192
921
453
762
1 ,2 7 3
2 ,6 6 4
1 ,4 9 3
2, 117

$ 1 .9 0
1 .9 7
1. 82
2. 20
1 .7 2
1. 77
1 .9 3
2 . 06
1. 74
1. 77
1 .9 2
1. 93
1. 92

850
62
426
279
684
1, 398
378
420

1 .7 6
1 .6 9
1 .6 9
1 .6 9
1 .6 9
1 .6 8
1 .7 5
1. 79

462
66
119
58
-

$ 1. 94
-

1. 85
1 .9 6
1. 99
-

805
63
50
104
168
182
95
32
73
38
247
1 16
198

$ 1. 82
1. 84
1. 72
2. 19
1. 70
1 .7 2
1. 85
1. 95
1. 74
1. 78
1. 80
1. 83
1. 99

1 ,0 8 2
145
58
299
408
281
137

1 .6 9

168
267
464
346
615

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

26
33
15
47
01
02
30
26
07
16
25
24
40

1 ,2 1 6
144
119
22
308
278
177
128
200
176
461
348
522

625
58
408
201
313
578
262
175

1.
2.
2.
1.
1.
1.
1.
2.

90
15
01
82
97
84
95
16

913

116

$2.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

80
56
35
73
27
44
48
43
45
65
64
68
71

833
146
107
69
467
106
148
19
53
336
337
253
377

2. 02

188

$ 2 . 75
2. 97
2. 69
3. 22
2. 14
2. 65
2. 83
2. 96
2. 60
2 .4 6
2. 81
2. 86
3. 02

W om en
A s s e m b le r s , f u rn itu r e (ex c e p t
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e _
~
P a c k e rs , fu rn itu re __
R u b b e rs , fu rn itu r e , h and
S a n d e rs , fu rn itu r e , h a n d S a n d e rs , fu rn itu r e , m a c h in e .
S p ra y ers

c h a ir s )
~
-

-

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

 N O T E : D a s h e s


i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

-

132
52
“

-

300

-

-

-

9

-

1. 83
1. 78

_

234
28
81

-

1 .7 5
_

1 .6 7
1 .7 2
1 .7 7

-

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

-

-

136
91
60
347
107
172

02
13
09
22
23
25

34
34
-

95
29
46

2. 56
-

2 .4 6
2. 56
_
2. 58
2. 59
2. 84

Table 10.

Occupational Earnings:

Chicago, 111.1

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c t o b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s
M e n -------------------------W o m e n ---------------------

of
w o rk ers

$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 3 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $17 9 5 $ 2 . 00 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0
h o u r ly
and
e a rn in g s 2
and
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 o v e r

2 ,9 2 4
2 ,2 2 9
695

$ 2 . 23
2. 30
2. 01

120
72
48

359
252
107

2. 43
2. 38
2. 55

-

326
237
89
30
15
49
31

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

53
43
10

104
66
38

122
78
44

100
57
43

94
44
50

230
192
38

54
43
11

337
159
178

297
213
84

280
207
73

247
209
38

206
192
14

164
155
9

123
117
6

100
96
4

70
69
1

35
35

55
54
1

36
34
2

36
34
2

-

1
1
-

-

1
1
-

8
8
-

9
7
2

26
24
2

60
43
17

36
20
16

45
44
1

56
28
28

31
30
1

21
16
5

7
4
3

7

-

7

7
2
5

17
8
9

6
6
*

7
7
-

7
6
1
2
1

23
21
2
3
3

30
14
16
6
6
6
9

45
44
1

56
28
28

31
30
1

21
16
5

7
4
3

17
8
9

6
6

7
7

4

7

4
2
2

-

-

4

2
1

3
6

5
2

-

2
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

1

-

1

-

11

3

1

2

-

-

2

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

2

13
13

18
18

30
29
1

4

7
1
6

2
2
-

7
1
6

_

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — m en
A s s e m b le rs , f u rn itu r e (ex cep t
c h a ir s ) 3
T im e ------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ------------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) ---------------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ------------------------------------S u b a s s e m b l i e s --------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s 4 a A----------------G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k 4 a / ---------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y
( a ll t i m e ) -------------------------------------------M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a t e ) ( a l l t i m e ) --------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ------------------------T im e -----------------------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e -----------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------------R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up an d
o p e r a t e ) 4a /-----------------------------------------R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly ) 4a / ---------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d -------------------T im e -----------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e -----------T im e ------------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------------B e l t --------------------------------------------------T im e ------------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------------O t h e r th a n b e l t 4a / ---------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( fe e d o n ly ) —
T im e -----------------------------------------------S p r a y e r s ----------------------------------------------T im e -----------------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up an d
p e r a t e ) ----------------------------------------------T im e -----------------------------------------------S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .

ui



45
39
60
15
13
33
24

25

2 .8 4

6
61
57
92
82
10
31
27

2 .9 3
1 .9 4
1 .9 3
1 .9 9
1 .9 5
2. 30
2. 43
2. 46

33
43
37
30
139
97
42
127
99
28
102
78
24
25
15
14
229
185
44

2. 26
2. 22
2. 33
2. 22
2. 19
2 .0 3
2. 56
2. 56
2. 41
3. 09
2. 59
2. 39
3. 23
2 .4 3
2. 26
2. 26
2 .4 7
2 .4 3
2 .6 6

16
12

2. 90
2 .9 7

1
1

-

-

1

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

2
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

10

41
38
3
19
5
22
1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

1
1
7
7

-

1
1

-

1
1

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
26
26

13
13
9
9

14
14
-

8
8
-

-

-

7
6
6
6

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
9
2

-

-

-

'

-

-

1
*

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
18
18

1
1
1

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

7
7

8
8

-

1
14
1
1
13
13

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1
1

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

2
2

_

-

6
6

_

15

_

1
1
13
13

1
1

20
20

_

-

1
1

_

4
4

13
13

_

4
4
8
8

6
5
6
6

-

-

2
1

4
4

_
9
8
8
21
19
2
19
19
17
17
2
1
11
11
11
1
_

3
2
14
7
7
2
1

1
3
8
8
11
6
5
5
2
3
2
2

8
11
7
7
22
8
14
14
14

3
11

-

14
14

21
20

-

14
14

-

1

_

-

7
-

-

_

-

4
-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

3
3

1
5
4

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

_
-

2
2
-

25
24
1
8
8
17
2
2
25
18
7
1

1

-

4

2

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

6

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

7
2
5
3
3

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

5
2

2

7

-

-

3
3

2
2

1
3
1
1
8
3
5
20
19
1
19
18
1
1
1
1
32
28
4
1
1

3
3

3

-

-

-

-

5

15
7
8
15
7
8

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

.

-

-

-

33
21
12

17
4
13

12
8
4

5
3
2

7
7
*

3
2
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

7
7
-

1
“

1
1

1
1

• 3
2

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
2

2
2

7
7

-

-

*

-

*7

T a b le

10.

O c c u p a tio n a l

E a rn in g s :

C h i c a g o , 111.1 C o n t i n u e d
—

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c t o b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

of
w o rk e rs

$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0
h o u r ly
and
e a rn in g s 2
and
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 o v e r

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a t i o n s —-w o m e n
A s s e m b le r s , f u rn itu r e
( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 3 --------------------------------T im e ------------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) ---------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ------------------------------------S u b a s s e m b l i e s --------------------------------T im e ------------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ------------------------T im e -----------------------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e 4 a / ------------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ( a l l tim e ) —
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d -------------------T im e -----------------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e -----------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e 3 ----------T im e ------------------------------------------B e l t --------------------------------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------------S p r a y e r s 4b /-------------------------------------------

197
127
70

$ 2 .0 1
2. 00
2 .0 3

10
8
2

3
1
2

9
8
1

9
7
2

20
10
10

7
2
5

13
10
3

4
3
1

56
32
24

23
18
5

32
25
7

5
2
3

6
1
5

104
35
91
56
35
12
7
16
39
88
50
38
27
19
24
19
23

1 .9 8
2. 10
2. 03
2. 08
1 .9 5
2. 06
2 .0 8
1 .9 1
1 .9 5
2. 14
2 .0 8
2. 22
2. 07
2 .0 8
2. 07
2 .0 8
2. 36

8

_

8

6

10

8

-

-

-

4
1

2

1
-

2

3
1
2

-

16
4
14
11
3
2
2
3
4
10
6
4
5
5
5
5
1

3

-

9
3
14
12
2
2
1
2
4
12
5
7
4
2
2
2
6

4
3
2
2

-

26
23
30
29
1
6
3
1
19
19
16
3
13
10
12
10

2

-

3
1
4

-

11
10
1
1

-

1
2
3
4
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

7

1

-

-

-

2
2

2

-

-

2
2

1
1

7

1

-

8
7
1

-

2,

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

3
2
3
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
1

4
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

2
1
1

5

1

1

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

1

1

-

-

-

2

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

2
1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2

-

-

3
-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

22
7
6
7

2.
2.
2.
2.

36
36
77
30

7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2
-

-

-

1

1
-

2

-

-

-

-

4

3

2

3

T h e C h ic a g o S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f C o o k , D u P a g e , K a n e , L a k e , M c H e n r y , a n d W ill C o u n tie s .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a te l y .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a t a to w a r r a n t p u b l ic a ti o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , a n d (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 3 . 8 0 to $ 3 . 9 0 .




-

-

'

S e l e c t e d o f fic e
o c c u p a tio n s — w om en
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ----------------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ----------------------------------S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ----------------------T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ----------------------------------

5
2
3
-

8

1

10

-

3
1
2
1
1

-

-

-

-

Table 11.

Occupational Earnings:

Evansville, Ind.—Ky.1

(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s - — ____ __ ____
— _ __ — M e n - __ — ___
W o m e n __ ________ ___ ___ ___ - ___ - -

— — ------ — - —
— —

A v erag e
$ 1. 60 $ 1 .6 5
h o u r ly
and
e a rn in g s 2
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0

$ 1. 70

$ 1. 75

$ 1. 80

$ 1. 85

$ 1. 90

$ 1 .9 5

$ 2 . 00

$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 . 40

$2. 50

$ 2 . 60

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 1. 75

$ 1. 80

$ 1. 85

$ 1 .9 0

$ 1. 95

$ 2 . 00

$ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 . 60

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 . 80

over

and

1 ,4 9 4
911
583

$ 1. 99
2. 02
1. 95

3 183
91
J 92

109
50
59

108
68
40

121
81
40

82
55
27

82
62
20

71
47
24

45
25
20

116
61
55

131
67
64

150
99
51

145
79
66

77
57
20

30
26
4

24
23
1

11
11
-

9
9
-

49
22
27
26
9
17
20
13
7
12
17
15
32
27
13
12
11
56
30
48
24
8
6
7
48
22
14

2. 11
1 .8 2
2. 34
2. 16
1 .8 3
2. 34
1. 99
1. 81
2. 31
1. 96
2 .2 9
2 . 30
1. 80
1 .7 1
1. 85
1. 81
2. 07
2. 18
1. 90
2. 22
1 .9 3
1 .9 4
1. 78
2. 09
2. 08
1. 87
2. 41

1
1
-

I
1
1
1
3
6
6
1
1
-

3
3
3
3
1
12
12
6
6
4
4
2
2
7
7
-

3
3
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
6
6
5
5
5
5
4
4
1
1
1
2

6
6
3
3
3
3
1
1
1
2
2
1
4
4
3
3
1
1
1
4
3
-

4
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
-

3
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
2
2
-

2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
3
-

4
2
2
3
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
5
4
5
4
7
6
-

1
1
1
1
4
2
4
5
3
5
3
4
1

6
6
2
2
3
3
1
3
3
3
2
4
4
4
4
1
5
2

4
4
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
14
2

7
7
5
5
2
2
1
2
2
8
6
2
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
5
5
1
1

4
4
4
4
3
3
4
4
1

1
4
4
2

1
1
2

9
78
40
28
13

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

65
97
71
96
79

1
8
8
*

7
6
6
1

4
3
2
2

2
1
2
2

2
2

4
4
4

1
1

5
2
4
“

7

12

13

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
1

2
“

-

1

-

1

1
16
16
4
4

-

“

“

11
9

2. 15
2. 15

1
“

1
“

1
“

-

-

-

-

3

1

“

1
“

-

1

1
2

-

“

3
1

-

“

1
"

2
1

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 4_______________
T im e ______________ — ----------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e
------ — _ — __ ------- -----C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) -----------------T im e ---------------- — ---------------------------- ---------------I n c e n tiv e ___ _______ ______ __ ______ __________ __
S u b a s s e m b l i e s ---------------------------------- ----- — ------- T i m e _______ __ ___ __ ___ __ ________ _______ ________
I n c e n t i v e ___ _
__
. . . .
. . . . .
G l u e r s , r o u g h s t o c k 5 -----------------------------------------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y
----— _ —
— - — T im e . —
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e — _ — — - — - — -----T im e
_ ------------ —
—
----R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s _
—
—
__ — — — — —
T im e ___ _ _ — — — ------ ---- — - —
R u b b e rs, fu rn itu r e , h a n d 5
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e
_
— _
------ — T im e
_
— —
B e lt
------- — — ------- T im e
. . — ------- — O th e r t h a n b e l t
. . . .
.
. . .
T i m e __ _______ __.____ __ ____ ____ ________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) 5________
S p r a y e r s _________________________________________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) 5 _____________
S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ( a ll t im e ) .
------ S a n d e rs , fu rn itu r e h an d
.
.
. . . . . .
T im e .
...........
S p r a y e r s _________________________________________________
T i m e __________________________________________________

-

-

-

S e l e c t e d o ffic e o c c u p a t i o n s — w o m e n
C le rk s , g e n e ra l
C le rk s , p a y ro ll
1
2
3
4
5

.
-

-

-

-

.
-

.
-

.
- —

-

T h e E v a n s v il l e S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f V a n d e r b u r g h a n d W a r r i c k C o u n t ie s , In d . ; a n d H e n d e r s o n C o u n ty , K y.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c lu d e s 6 w o r k e r s u n d e r $ 1 . 6 0 .
I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t, p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .

■vj




"

Table 12.

Occupational Earnings:

Fort Smith, Ark.—Okla.1

(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s __________ _____ ____
M e n _________________________________________
W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s 2

$ 1 .6 0
and
under
$ 1. 65

$ 1. 65

$ 1. 70

$ 1. 75

$ 1. 80

$ 1. 85

$ 1. 90

$ 1. 95

$ 2 . 00

$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 . 40

$ 1. 70

$ 1. 75

$ 1. 80

$ 1. 85

$ 1. 90

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 . 40

$ 2 . 50

$ 1. 95

$ 2 . 00

$ 2 . 10

2 ,4 1 4
1, 851
563

$ 1. 85
1. 88
1. 76

402
220
182

148
106
42

166
124
42

129
74
55

220
177
43

281
218
63

252
209
43

275
219
56

388
355
33

81
79
2

55
53
2

16
16
-

246
212

1. 83
1. 84

29
22

34
27

19
15

12
12

22
16

34
32

24
22

26
25

40
35

_
_

6
6

-

12
-

8
8
-

13
2
-

9
5
5
2
2

2
12
10
2
2

7
8
8
2
2

21
10
8
4
4

_
1
1

2
4
4
1
1

_
_
_
1
1

_
_
_

1
1
-

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 3 ____
T im e ____________________________________
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( c a s e
g o o d s ) 4 —________________ _________________
___ ___
________ _
S u b a s s e m b l ie s
—
T im e ___________ ________________________
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s —______________________
T im e
T .
T
__ ...
D o u b l e - e n d - t r i m m e r a n d b o r in g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ( a ll t i m e ) — _______________________
__
— - — _ _____
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k
T i m e __________ __ ____— __ ___ ______ ______
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ___________
_
_ ____ _____ — __ -----T im e - _
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a t e ) - _______________________________
T i m e ________________________________________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e -------------------------------------T im e __________ ___ _________ _______________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ___________________ _______
T im e _ __ _________________________ _______
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) _______
T i m e ------------------------------------------------------------R ip - s a w o p e r a t o r s ____________________________
T i m e ------------------------------------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e ra te )T i m e ___ __ _______ ________________ __ _
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ( a ll t i m e ) __________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ____ _____________ _
T im e - ___________ ________ ______________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e __________ _____
T i m e ____________________________________
B e l t - __ ____ — _ __ _____ __________
T i m e __________ _______________ _______
O th e r th a n b e l t _____________________________
T im e - ------------ ----------------- ---------- -----S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a ti c ( s e t
up a n d o p e r a t e ) _______________________________
T im e - ____ _____ __ __ ___________ ____
S p r a y e r s ------------------------------------------------------------T i m e ____ ___________ _______________
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) _____
T im e __________ ___________ . . _____ ____
S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




_

80
75
61
14
13

1.
1.
1.
2.
2.

86
83
86
00
02

10
5
-

4
21
18
1
-

12
22
20
30
26

2.
1.
1.
2.
2.

00
89
89
04
04

2
2
2
2

1
1
-

2
2

1
-

1
6
6
-

4
3
3
-

2
2
2
2

3
2
3
3

5
3
3
7
7

1
1
2
2

1
1
1
4
3

1
_
5
5

_
_
1
_

2. 04
2. 04
1. 76
1. 77
1. 79
1 .8 0
1 .9 7
1. 97
1. 96
1 .9 6
1 .9 6
1 .9 7
1. 82
1. 81
1. 84
1. 93
1. 95
1. 96
2. 01
1. 90
1. 90

16
14
4
4
4
6
4
8
8
-

14
12
4
2

13
11
10
10
-

5
5
8
8
3
3
11
11
6
6

1
1
_
_
1
1
3
3

1
1
6
4
3
1
3
3

7
6
2
1
1
5
5
14
12
5
5
9
7

5
4
5
5
2
1
2
1
1
1
6
6
1
4
4
26
26
11
11
15
15

1
1
_
_
_
-

_
2
2
2
-

3
3
_
5
5
2
2
7
7
11
10
12
6
6.
14
14
10
10
4
4

5
5
1
1
_
-

_
8
2
2
2
-

12
12
8
8
1

_
-

-

18
18
7
6
2
2
1
1
1
1

6
6
4
4
2
2

4
4
4
4

1
1
1
1

2
2
14
12

10
10
35
35
6
5

5
4
1
1
4
4

1
1
5
5
2
2

1
1

20
19
92
84
46
40
8
6
32
31
28
26
40
31
26
101
90
52
44
49
46
21
19
75
66
16
14

2.
2.
1.
2.
2.
2.

09
09
99
01
12
14

-

-

5
3
3
1
_
_
4
4
4
7
2
6
2
1
-

-

-

-

1
“

-

_
_

_
_
_
_
-

_
5
2
_

“

“

-

"

-

8
8

-

"

_

_

8

1
13
13
6
6
7
7
2
1
14
11
2
1

_

-

2
2
2
2

2
2

_
_
_

-

Tabic 12.

Occupational Earnings:

Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.1— Continued

(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s 2

$ 1. 60
and
under
$ 1 .6 5

$ 1. 65

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1. 75

$ 1. 80

$ 1. 85

$ 1 .9 0

$ 1. 95

$ 2 . 00

$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 .4 0

$ 1. 70

$ 1. 75

$ 1. 80

$ 1. 85

$ 1. 90

$ 1. 95

$ 2 . 00

$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 . 40

$ 2 . 50

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a ir s ) 3______
T im e ______________ ____ - -------- --C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( o th e r
t h a n c a s e g o o d s ) 4 -______ ___ ____—________
S u b a s s e m b l i e s . _____________ ____________
T im e ____________ ._______ ___ _____ ______
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e 4 ----------------------------------R u b b e rs, fu rn itu r e , h a n d 4
________________
S a n d e rs , f u rn itu r e , hand
__ _____ ____ _
T im e -_______________________________________
S a n d e rs , fu rn itu r e , m a c h in e 3 4
O th e r t h a n b e l t 4 ___________________________
S p r a y e r s 4-

108
86

$ 1. 75
1. 77

35
27

5
2

15
9

7
5

11
9

12
12

9
8

13
13

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

34
54
37
6
29
83
71
13
9
26

1 .7 1
1. 80
1. 85
1. 80
1. 69
1. 78
1. 79
1. 81
1 .7 8
1. 95

16
9
4
1
13
15
12
-

6
7
2
1
4
8
4
1

2
5
3
8
14
11
_
-

8
3
3
4
1
4
4
6
4
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
2
4

1
12
12
1
17
17
5

_
11

-

_

_
-

-

1

-

-

-

9
7
_
2
11
11
2
2
-

1
6
6
-

-

3
8
6
3
3
2

-

-

23

1. 75

3

-

12

1

2

3

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a t i o n s — w o m e n
C le rk s , g e n e ra l
1
2
3
4

-

-

.

T h e F o r t S m ith S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f S e b a s ti a n a n d C r a w f o r d C o u n t ie s ,
A r k .; a n d L e F l o r e a n d S e q u o y a h C o u n t ie s ,
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in c la s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t , p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s .

C
O




O k la .

W Table 13.

Occupational Earnings:

Gardner, Mass.1

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a t i o n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ___________
M e n ______________________________
W o m e n _________________________

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—

A v e r-

$ 1.60 $ 1.65 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1.75 $ 1.80 $ 1.85 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2.00 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 T3VF0
h o u r ly
and
e a rn and
under
in g s 2
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 o v e r

1 ,8 8 3
1, 518
365

$ 2 . 32
2. 38
2. 08

110
60
50

79
60
19

107
71
36

74
45
29

99
74
25

65
52
13

103
78
25

47
38
9

140
112
28

65
53
12

88
81
7

137
123
14

85
79
6

109
84
25

110
79
31

66
60
6

72
59
13

56
56
-

73
69
4

38
37
1

53
46
7

26
26
-

22
22
-

20
17
3

39
37
2

67
32

2. 39
2. 89

9
-

-

8
-

-

-

2
-

1
1

-

-

5
1

8
-

-

8
4

2
2

3
3

-

4
4

3
3

5
5

4
4

1
1

2
2

-

-

2
2

30

2. 75

8

"

4

“

1

"

5

2

5

3

1

1

11
45
40
45
40
30
17
13
21
12
9

2. 14
2 .6 1
2. 70
2. 61
2. 70
2. 17
1 .9 3
2 .4 7
2 . 29
1 .9 5
2. 74

2
2
-

1
1
-

2
1
1
4
3
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
-

-

2
3
3
5
5
-

1
1
1
4
3
1

1
1
-

6
2
6
2
4
4
2
2
-

1
1
1
1
1
-

1
1
1
1
6
4
2
-

3
3
3
3
1
1
-

4
3
3
3
3
-

1
2
2
2
2
1
1

7
7
7
7
5
5
-

5
5
5
5
2
1
1

3
3
3
3
3
3
-

1
1
1
1
1
1

8
8
8
8
1
1

2
2
2
2
-

2
2

_
1
1

_
-

.
_
-

1
1
1
1
_
-

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b le r s , f u rn itu r e (e x c e p t
c h a i r s ) 3 __________________________
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) 4 _____ ___________
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( o th e r th a n c a s e g o o d s ) 4 _____
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s ______________
I n c e n t i v e _____________ _______
E x c e p t la w n o r o u td o o r c h a i r s _
I n c e n tiv e _____________________
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ______ _____
T i m e ____________________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________________
G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k ______________
T i m e _____________________ ______
I n c e n t i v e ________________________
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l
u t i l i t y ( a l l t im e ) _____ ___________
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ______________
T i m e ____________________________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e _____________
T im e ____________________________
I n c e n tiv e _____ __________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e .............. ..................
T i m e .................................. ......... ............
I n c e n t i v e ________________________
P la n e r o p e ra to rs (se t up
a n d o p e r a t e ) 4 ________________ ____
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s ________________
T i m e ____________________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d _________
I n c e n tiv e ________________________
S a n d e rs , fu rn itu r e , hand
( a l l i n c e n t i v e ) ________________ ____
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e , . ........
T i m e __________ ______________
I n c e n t i v e ________________ ____
B e l t ______________________ _______
T im e _______ _____ _________ _
I n c e n t i v e ___________ _________
O th e r t h a n b e l t _________________
I n c e n tiv e ___________________
S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




1

21

2. 29

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

3

1

4

-

2

2

-

5

11
10
50
33
17
23
13
10

2. 06
2. 04
2. 02
1 .9 2
2. 23
2. 18
1. 77
2. 71

3
3
2
2

4
4
2
2

15
15
-

2
2

4
4
4
1
3
5
5

3
3
-

1
1
3
1
2
1
1

3
3
-

1
1

-

3
2
1
1

3
3
4
2
2
2
2

1
1
1
1

4
3
1
1
1

1
1
-

1
1
-

1
1
2
2

1
1
1
1

1
1
-

1
1

-

1
_
1

-

1
1
_
-

-

6
30
13
20
15

2. 48
2. 41
1. 90
2 .4 9
2. 66

-

-

1
-

-

2
2
-

5
5
-

5
4
1

-

1
1
4

-

1
1
2
2

1
1
6
6

1
1
-

1
-

1
3
2
2

2
2

2
2
-

"
3
-

1
-

1
1
1

3
-

-

1
1

_

1
1

14
114
28
86
53
13
40
61
46

3 .0 5
2. 85
2. 09
3. 10
3. 00
2. 32
3. 22
2. 72
3. 00

-

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

-

4

3
1
2
1
1
2
1

2
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1

2
2
2

3
3
1
1
2
2

4
1
3
4
1
3
-

2
9
1
8
4
1
3
5
5

9
9
3
3
6
6

2
10
4
6
8
4
4
2
2

8
8
4
4
4
4

3
9
9
3
3
6
6

2
3
3

1
1

12
12
4
4
8
"

-

2
-

2
2
2
2
"

5
5
3
3
2
2

1
8
_
8
4
_
4
4
4

7
_
7
3
_
3
4
4

1
10
_
10
8
8
2
2

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

4
-

-

-

"

4
"

!

-

-

1
1

2
2

_

-

3
3

Table 13.

Occupational Earnings:

Gardner, Mass.1 Continued
—

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)

1
2
3
4
5

T h e G a r d n e r A r e a i n c lu d e s A s h b u r n h a m , A th o l, B a l d w i n v il le , G a r d n e r , a n d W in c h e n d o n .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in c la s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t , p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s p a id u n d e r t i m e a n d i n c e n tiv e s y s te m s w e r e e q u a lly d iv id e d .




Table 14.

Occupational Earnings:

Grand Rapids, Mich.1

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c t o b e r 1968)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of$ 1.66 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0

of
w o rk e rs

$ 2 . 33
2. 44
2 .0 2

111
72
39

34
23
11

190
78
112

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ----------------M e n -------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------

h o u r ly
e a rn in g s 2

2 , 181
1 ,6 1 0
571

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

2. 58
2. 38
2. 72

-

96
54
42

2. 54
2. 43
2. 69

27
22
67
19
48
19
11
8

2. 85
2. 92
2. 52
2. 21
2. 65
2 .4 8
2. 41
2. 57

and
“
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3.00 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 o v e r
71
37
34

61
20
41

102
48
54

55
29
26

168
103
65

147
98
49

212
157
55

169
125
44

183
149
34

123
107
16

137
133
4

122
113
9

83
81
2

1

1
-

5
5
-

11
7
4

1

-

-

1

8
5
3

10
5
5

16
5
11

23
11
12

15
8
7

10
7
3

23
15
8

12
6
6

11
2
9

5
4
1

_

2

-

-

1

4
4
-

-

2

6
2
4

6
5
1

14
11
3

9
5
4

7
4
3

12
10
2

7
5
2

6
2
4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

4
3
1

10

-

6
5
1
2
2

3
6

-

-

-

-

2
2

10

_

-

5
1
4
3

-

6
6
4

2
6
2
4
2

-

5
2
3
2
1

2

2

70
28
42

68
25
43

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

_

_

_

1

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

67
67

39
38
1

47
46
1

36
36

27
27

7

15
14
1

34
34

8
2
6

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s m en
A s s e m b le rs , fu rn itu r e (ex cep t
c h a i r s ) -----------------------------------------T im e -----------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) --------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( o th e r t h a n c a s e g o o d s ) ---------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------S u b a s s e m b l i e s -------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ----------------T i m e ------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------------D o u b le -e n d - tr im m e r an d b o rin g m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ----------------------

___

—

—

1

9

6

5

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

6

7

9

6

5

1

1

4

2

3

3

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

4

2

3

3

-

3

3
2
1

1

1

-

-

-

6
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

1

1

3
2

4
1

4
3

-

-

-

-

2

1

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

1

-

3

_

2

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2

3
3

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

1

5

-

_

-

-

2. 65

G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k --------------------___
—

22
19

2. 63
2. 63

11

M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y

3

2. 79

3

2

2

M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) --------------------

46
25
21

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




2. 30
2. 15
2 .4 9

7

2. 33

25
13
12

___

____

T i m e ------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ------------ ---------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d -----------T im e -----------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ----------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ------------T im e -----------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------------

6
5

1
1

_
-

1
1

O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ------------------I n c e n tiv e ----------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e -----------------------T im e ----------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ----------------------------------P l a n e r o p e r a to r s ( s e t up and
o p e r a t e ) --------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------------R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s -----------------------T i m e ------------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ----------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a to r s ( s e t up and

1
-

2. 27
2. 20
2. 34

20
14

2. 49
2. 37

88
31
57
37
18
19

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

49
31
58
37
07
66

6
6
*

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

1

.

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2
1

4
-

4

1
1
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

1
1

-

_
_

2
2

_

3
3

_
-

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

3
3

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

“

-

-

_

2
1
1
-

3
1
2

1
1
-

-

8
5
3

6
2
4

3
3
-

5
5

-

9
5
4
9
6
3

8
2
6
3
2
1

_

1

_

_

_

2

2

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6
5
1

1

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

1

7
5
2

_

2

_

3
3
-

3
3
-

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

2
1

2
2

2
2

_

1

3
2

3
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
1
9
3

3

13
5
8
1

3

7

3

-

3

7
3
1
2

5
4
1

4

-

1
3
-

-

3

1
-

-

3
2
1
1

1
-

3

-

-

1

-

8
7
1
2

-

3
-

-

-

2

“

-

_

_

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

1

1

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

1

"

“

4

-

4

Table 14.
(N u m b er

Occupational Earnings:

Grand Rapids, Mich.'— Continued

a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s '

$ 1 .6 0 TTT551 $TT70 $ 1 .7 6 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 ’ $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2.00 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2.90 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 '$ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0
and
and
under
$ 1 ,8 5 $ 1 .9 0 11,95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 ,3 0 $ 2 ,4 0 $ 2 ,5 0 $ 2 ,6 0 , $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 ,8 0 $ 2 ,9 0 $ 3 ,0 0 $ 3 .1 0
$ 1 ,6 5 $ 1 .7 0
$ 3 .3 0 $ 3 ,4 0 $ 3 .5 0 o v e r

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n — C o n tin u e d
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ------------T i m e -------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ------------------------------------B e l t --------------------------------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ------------------------------------O t h e r th a n b e l t ------------------------------T im e ------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t up
and o p e r a t e ) --------------------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( fe e d
o n ly ) 3b / ---------------------------------------------S p r a y e r s -----------------------------------------------T im e -----------------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a t e ) --------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------------

12

$ 2 . 55
2. 43
2. 87
2. 55
2. 45
2 .9 3
2. 55
2. 31
2. 80

20
16
7
92
39
53

2. 29
2. 52
2 .4 0
2. 61

15
7
8

2 .9 6
2. 81
3. 10

40
10
30
38

2. 23
1 .9 5
2. 32
2. 24
1 .9 5
2. 35
1 .8 0
1 .7 2

2
2

2. 87
2. 79

99
71
28
75
59
16
24
12

2
2

1

1

1
2
2

1
1

1
1

1
1

5
5

15
15

4
4

12
12

1
1

3
3

1
2

6
5
1
6
5
_

14
14
-

13
13

1

-

1
1

-

1

2

-

1
1

2
2

2
7
4
3

1
1

11
11

7
4
3
5
4

9
8
1
3
3

6
1
5
2
1

4
4
4
-

1

2
1
1

1
1

4
4

1

4

4

3

1

3

2

3
3

1
1

3

2
2

3

1
3

6
6

4
7
4
3
2
2

2

3

-

4
3
3

2

3
2
1
3
2
1

1

1
2

6
5
1
1
1

14
12
2
13
12

1
2
1
1

2
2
2

2
2

2

1

4

-

2

1

4

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m en
A s s e m b le r s , f u rn itu r e (ex c e p t
c h a i r s ) * ---------------------------------------------T im e ------------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------------S u b a s s e m b l i e s --------------------------------T im e ------------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e -----------------------T im e -----------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------------R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s 3a / ------------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ------------------T im e -----------------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d -------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e -------------T im e ------------------------------------------B e l t ------------------------------------------------T im e ------------------------------------------O t h e r th a n b e l t 3 a / -------------------------S p r a y e r s ------------------------------------------------

10

28
29
20

9
7
53
21

99
68
31
23
18
15
13
8
18
14

1

1

-

-

-

1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

1

-

-

-

1

1
9
9

1
1

1. 96
2. 19
1 .9 7
1 .8 3
1 .9 3
1 .9 1

5
3
8
8

1.96
2 .0 9
2 . 10
2 .0 8
2 . 10
2 . 12
2 . 22
2. 17

S e l e c t e d o f fic e
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m en
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l -----------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ------------------------

19
10

1 .9 4
2 . 21

2

2
1

2
-

1
1

6

-

1

1

1 T h e G r a n d R a p id s S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f K e n t a n d O tta w a C o u n tie s .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
5 I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .
4 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




10 Table 15.

Occupational Earnings:

Hickory—Statesville, N.C.'

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ------------------------M e n __________________________________
W o m e n — ____ _____ — - -----------

1 2 ,3 3 0
9 , 715
2 ,6 1 5

A v erag e $ 1 .6 0
h o u r ly
and
e a rn in g s 2 u n d er
$ 1 .6 5

$ 1 .6 5

$ 1. 70

$ 1. 75

$ 1. 80

$ 1. 85

$ 1. 90

$ 1. 95

$ 2 . 00

$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 . 40

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 . 60

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3 . 00

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1. 75

$ 1. 80

$ 1. 85

$ 1. 90

$ 1. 95

$ 2 . 00

$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3 . 00

$ 3 . 10

$ 1 .9 1
1. 96
1. 72

702
322
380

1 ,5 6 4
793
771

1 ,3 3 3
813
520

1, 106
765
341

987
747
240

990
834
156

843
759
84

665
591
74

1, 295
1 ,2 5 4
41

849
843
6

860
858
2

577
577
-

229
229
-

195
195
-

43
43
-

65
65
-

15
15
-

5
5
-

7
7
-

907

2. 01

5

20

21

29

70

104

93

73

183

127

118

33

24

-

_

7

_

_

_

394

2. 08

-

-

-

6

11

31

48

43

71

72

60

28

17

-

-

7

-

_

_

192
321
118
106
130

1. 98
1 .9 4
1. 89
1. 92
2. 05

5
-

2
18
14
2
6

9
12
14
14
11

9
14
20
20
6

17
42
5

23
50
9
9
11

24
21
12
12
5

12
18
8
8
7

39
73
24
24
21

25
30
9
9
15

27
31
8
8
13

5
_
18

7
_
12

_
_
-

_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

_

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_

79
220
141

2. 31
1. 91
2. 21

-

6
-

16
-

21
3

21
4

3
45
6

12
3

26
4

7
36
17

10
26
17

12
11
41

16
21

11
7

16
13

2
1

2
2

_
_
1

_
_
_

.
_
1

54

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

12

8

11

4

5

2

5

2

-

_

5
145
47
2
4
41
13
60
45
1
44

119
46
4
2
6
5
41
18
46
38
3
35

10
98
43
2
15
3
40
9
54
58
17
41

12
50
53
2
5
7
13
17
37
50
44
12
32

1
20
22
5
3
30
6
24
20
26
14
75
25
50

2
11
9
2
1
3
13
5
15
12
26
3
53
18
35

11
12
36
11
2
1
67
15
13
4
38
11
99
48
51

3
2
12
3
31
21
3
15
2
93
71
22

12
56
12
4
133
64
69

_
15
12
25
_
132
74
58

2
_
_
3
2
2
_
8
2
6

_
_
_
3
_
_
7
_
_
11
1
10

_
_
_
1
1
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_

_

3

-

1

-

-

_

_

_

-

4

_

_
-

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b le rs , f u rn itu r e (ex c e p t
c h a i r s ) _____________ ______ _________ __
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) __ ______________________
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( o th e r
t h a n c a s e g o o d s ) ___________________
S u b a s s e m b l i e s _______________________
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s 3----------------------------E x c e p t la w n o r o u td o o r c h a i r s -------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s __________________
D o u b le -e n d - tr im m e r an d b o rin g m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k
_____
— ____
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y -------M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t
u p a n d o p e r a t e ) . ____ — — __________
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(fepd o n l y ) _________ T ,
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e __________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e _____________________
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s (se t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) . .
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly ) -_____ ____
P l a s t i c - t o p i n s t a l l e r s __________________
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s _____________________
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s (se t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) . .
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly ) ---------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ______________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e __________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d _______________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e __________
B e lt
...............................................................
O th e r t h a n b e l t ______________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a ti c ( s e t
up and o p e ra te )
-- ____ _______
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a ti c
( fe e d o n l y ) _____ _____ ___ _____________
S h ap er o p e ra to rs , hand (se t
u p a n d o p e r a t e ) -------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( fe e d o n l y ) ____
S p r a y e r s —_______________________________
T e n o n e r o p e r a to r s ( s e t up and
o p e r a t e ) - ___
— — —
---------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly ) . _______
S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




2. 33

-

-

56
678
305
62
32
12
234
93
84
262
203
359
821
339
482

1. 91
1. 73
1 .8 0
2. 17
1. 84
1. 97
2. 05
2. 19
1. 92
1. 74
1. 88
1. 74
2. 04
2. 11
1. 99

47
29
28
25
-

174
20
8
59
21
94
31
2
29

46

2. 29

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

2

4

14

2

8

12

1. 90

-

-

-

-

5

-

4

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

78
70
499

2. 27
2. 03
1 .9 9

1

17

11

25

36

5
10
37

3
14
39

2
9
56

7
11
107

8
8
93

8
13
65

14
5
12

20
-

7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

65
30

2. 31
1. 91

-

"

5

"

4

1
1

2
7

5
6

2
3

11
4

5
“

13
_

3
"

19

1

3
-

-

_

_

-

-

Table 15.

Occupational Earnings:

Hickory—Statesville, N.C.'— Continued

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
$ 1 .6 0
h o u r ly
an d
e a rn in g s 2
under
$ 1 .6 5

$ 1 .6 5

$ 1. 70

$ 1. 75

$ 1. 80

$ 1. 85

$ 1. 90

$ 1. 95

$ 2 . 00

$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 . 00

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1. 75

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1. 85

$ 1 .9 0

$ 1 .9 5

$ 2 . 00

$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 . 10

_

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — w om en
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e (e x c e p t c h a i r s ) —
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) -----------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( o th e r
t h a n c a s e g o o d s ) ________ ____ S u b a s s e m b l i e s ----------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e __________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n n i t u r e -----------------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d --------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ______________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e 3
O th e r th a n b e l t _________________________
S p ray ers
- ___

237

$ 1 .7 9

2

29

48

36

40

29

27

20

4

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

58

1. 84

-

2

2

3

15

16

12

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42
137
232
78
229
482
100
86
1 14

1. 82
1. 76
1. 68
1 .7 0
1 .6 9
1 .6 9
1. 77
1. 76
1. 72

2
30
20
32
75
-

10
36
49
20
66
108
23
23
8

2
31
37
23
28
39
28
22
8

9
16
15
8
18
19
12
12
15

5
8
4
5
13
8
8
18

7
8
2
8
6
5

6
6
12
2
1
6

1
3
6
5
3
-

2
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

.
.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36

2
25
97
7
80
208
14
11
18

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
15
15

1. 86
1. 99
1 .8 0

_
~

“

4
5

11
1

5
2

14
2
3

3
6
3

4
1

5
4
"

2
2
“

2
“

_
”

_
-

-

-

-

-

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a t i o n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l _________________________
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _________________________
T y p i s ts , c l a s s B ________________________

T h e H ic k o ry — t a t e s v i l l e A r e a c o n s is t s o f B u r k e , C a ld w e ll, C a ta w b a , a n d T r e d e l l C o u n tie s .
S
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o se sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




_

_

_

_

_

_

1
“

“

-

-

-

-

“

“

Table 16.

Occupational Earnings:

Indiana

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ___________
M e n _____ _____ _________________
W o m e n _________________________

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
A v erage
$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1.70 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1.80 $ 1.85 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3.10 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3.40 $ 3 .5 0 $ X S o
h o u r ly
and
e a rn and
under
in g s 1
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1.75 $ 1.80 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1.90 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3.30 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 o v e r

1 1 ,1 9 9
7 , 527
3 ,6 7 2

$ 2 . 25
2. 36
2 .0 3

495
139
356

264
105
159

480
207
273

223
129
94

515
343
172

330
196
134

380
190
190

560
198
362

1363
846
517

1275
763
512

1598
1207
391

905
670
235

517
449
68

674
593
81

392
353
39

289
246
43

256
245
11

228
221
7

108
103
5

72
68
4

33
29
4

14
13
1

6
5
1

1
1
-

221
208
13

981
285
696

2. 67
2. 09
2 .9 1

2
1
1

3
2
1

4
4

3
1
2

52
49
3

27
18
9

29
21
8

12
6
6

82
62
20

72
22
50

128
62
66

46
16
30

32
32

71
14
57

177
3
174

15
6
9

55
_
55

43
43

22
2
20

4
_
4

17
_
17

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

85
_
85

655
185
470

2 .8 6
2. 11
3. 16

1
1
-

1
1

-

3
1
2

52
49
3

5
5
-

20
15
5

7
2
5

35
26
9

7
7

83
50
33

31
16
15

23
_
23

24
13
11

150
1
149

10
4
6

44
_
44

38
_
38

19
2
17

1
_
1

17
_
17

_
-

_
_

_
_
_

84
_
84

38
34
288
96
192
45
31

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

26
26
29
06
40
04
13

1
1

2
2
2

4
4

5

-

6
6
16
13
3
14

9
6
3

_
5
4
1

_
47
36
11

_
65
22
43

22
18
23
8
15

3
3
12
12

2
2
7
7

1
1
46
i
45

.
_
27
2
25

2
2
3
2
1

_
_
11

1
1
4

1
1
2

_
_
3

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

11

4

2

3

_

_

_

_

1

45
97
35
62

2. 04
2. 40
2. 27
2 .4 8

1
1

2
-

-

5
3
3
_

_
_
_

14
3
3
-

1
_
_

_
_
_

5
3
2
1

10
23
5
18

1
4
_
4

2
12
8
4

1
14
11
3

1
8
1
7

1
5
2
3

2
5

_
14

_
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5

14

2

58
32
26
52
11
41
158
139
19

2. 35
2. 29
2 .4 2
2. 27
1. 98
2. 35
2. 61
2. 43
3. 90

1
1
1
1
2
2

2
2
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
1
1

1
1
2
1
1
-

4
3
1
6
6
_
5
5

14
11
3
2
1
1
15
13
2

5
1
4
7

4
2
2
4

15
15

7

1

3

1

1

1

_

7
5

3
3

1
1

1

1
1

3

7
27
26
1

4
24
23
1

6
17
17
_

5
7
7

1
_
_

-

_
_
2
_
2
-

_
_
_
5
3
2
-

-

2
_
2
1
1

3
5
5

1
21
18
3

71
45
26

2. 47
2. 39
2. 62

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
1
8

22
20
2

14
13
1

9
7
319
176
143
221
66
155

2. 08
2. 04
2. 21
2. 02
2. 44
2. 31
1 .8 8
2. 50

11
11
5
2
3

15
15
4
4

64
52
12
35
7
28

10
_
10
4

7

32
11
21
131
67
64

2 .4 0
2. 05
2. 59
2. 38
2 .2 3
2. 54

_

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b le r s , f u rn itu r e
( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) ___________________
T im e ........................................ ........
I n c e n t i v e ........................................
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) .................... ............
T im e .............................................. .
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( o th e r th a n c a s e g o o d s ) ----------I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------S u b a s s e m b l i e s ---------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------

E x c e p t law n o r o u td o o r
c h a i r s --------------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ......... ...............
T im e ............ ...... ............. ......... ............
I n c e n tiv e ______ _________________
D o u b le -e n d - tr im m e rs a n d
b o r in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _____
T i m e .....................................................
I n c e n t i v e ............................................ .
G l u e r s , ro u g h s t o c k .......................... .
T im e _____________________ ____
I n c e n t i v e _________ _____ ___ _____
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y .
T im e
.............. .................................
I n c e n t i v e .................................................
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ............................
T i m e .............. .................. ......................
I n c e n tiv e ____________ ___________
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( fe e d o n ly ) __
T im e ____________________________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e _____________
T im e
I n c e n t i v e ______ _________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e _______________
T im e ....................... ............. ..................
I n c e n tiv e ___ ___________________
P la n e r o p e ra to rs (se t up and
o p e r a t e ) ___________________ ______
T im e ___________________ ________
I n c e n tiv e _
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s _____ __________
T im e ____________________________
I n c e n tiv e ____________________
S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




1

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
6
4
2

_
9
9
13
6
7

_
5
4
1
26
23
3

_
10
10
_
18
3
15

1
1
19
16
3
5
3
2

3
3
-

1
1
_

5
5
_

5
2
3

_
_
5
3
2
4

3
3
29
18
11
19
13
6

3
3
69
38
31
25
1
24
2
1
1
9
4
5

_

4

-

3
3

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

3
3

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

1
-

6
6

6
6

13
11
2

-

“

1

-

6

_

17
17

_

_

_

4

_

1
4
4

3
8

4

_

8

_

6

_

6

2

-

-

_

_

-

1

_

_

_

_

“

1

_
_

12
_

12

3

_

3

3

3

23

10

12

14

4

7
8

23
12

12
7

14

4
1

10

1

1

_

_

10
3

4

8

12

3

7

1

10

1

6
4
2
39
36
3

4

_

2

6

_

4
3

4
5

2
6

6
12
4
8

-

-

_

4

_

_

_

5

_

1

7

2

1
3

1

10

1

_

3

1

10

-

-

-

-

-

1
7

11

1

1

1
11

2

_

_

3

_

6

Table 16.

Occupational Earnings:

Indiana— Continued

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
A v e r­
age
ITTSTT $T76T $T770 $T77T $T7S7T $ 1.85 $ 1.90 $1795 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $2720 $ Z 7 W $2,401 $275U $27oO $2770 $ 2780 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0
h o u r ly
and
and
e a rn under
in g s 1
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1.75 $ 1.80 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 o v e r

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n — C o n tin u e d
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a t e ) _____________________
_
T im e ....................................
I n c e n tiv e __ ___ ________________
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly ) _____
T im e ____________________ ______
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ________
T im e ____________________________
I n c e n tiv e .............. ......................... ........
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e 2 b /_ .
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ________
T i m e ____________________________
I n c e n t i v e ......... ................................ ......
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e _____
T i m e __________ ______ _______
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
B e lt .......................... ................................
T i m e ______ ____ _____________
I n c e n t i v e _____ ___________ _
O th e r t h a n b e lt _____ __________
T i m e _ _ __________ ________
___ ______________
I n c e n tiv e
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a ti c
( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ............................
I n c e n t i v e __________ _____ _______
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a ti c
( fe e d o n ly ) 2b / _________ ________
S haper o p e ra to rs , hand
( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ______________
T i m e _______
__________________
I n c e n t i v e ____ _______ ___________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( fe e d
o n ly ) ( a l l tim e ) __________________
S p r a y e r s ________________________ _
T i m e ........... .......................................... .
I n c e n tiv e ________________________
T en o n er o p e ra to rs (se t up and
o p e r a t e ) __________________ _____ _
T i m e ____________________________
I n c e n tiv e _____________ ________

145
60
85
22
9
202
67
135
19
169
84
85
473
216
257
333
144
189
140
72
68
39
16

30
22
36
36
07
29
12
38
62
58
23
92
35
16
51
36
13
54
32
24
41

_
_
1
1
16
14
2
16
14
2
-

1
1
6
4
2
2
2
4
4
-

1
1
4
4
_
1
1
4
4
4
4
-

_
2
2
1
1
1
1
-

2
2
1
1
17
16
1
1
1
16
16
-

1
1
1
1
3
3
13
8
5
10
8
2
3
3

5
4
1
2
2
3
2
1
1
_
6
4
2
5
3
2
1
1
-

4
_
4
1
1
3
3
_
1
3
3
15
6
9
9
3
6
6
3
3

24
18
6
3
3
17
16
1
3
2
1
37
28
9
31
24
7
6
4
2

8
5
3
1
1
97
18
79
26
4
22
48
18
30
30
15
15
18
3
15

31
31
2
2
8
_
8
1
87
73
14
89
38
51
70
30
40
19
8
11

2 .4 1
2. 49

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
-

5
1

1
1

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

19
13
6
-

24
20
4
1

3

8

3

4

4

2

-

1

_

-

_

-

3
10

8
-

3
1

4
1

4
-

2
-

_
-

1
-

_
-

-

-

_
_

26
22
4
1
3

5
5
3
1

4
_
4
4
3

_
_
1

3
3
3
7

16
_
16
4

9
_
9
2
6

2
_
2
1
1

3
_
3
_
3

_
_
1
_

_
_
1
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
14

3
80
66
14
50
43
7
30
23
7

1
24
10
14
12
2
10
12
8
4

3
26
26
21
21
5
.
5

1
20
2
18
15
2
13
5
5

7
18

4
10

6
7

1
13

3
4

_
8

3

_
-

-

18
15
_
15
3
3

10
8
8
2
2

7
5
5
2
2

13
11
11
2
2

4
4
4
_
-

8
5
_
5
3
3

3
2
_
2
1
_
1

_
.
_
-

_
_
_
-

14
8
2
6
6
6
2'
2

3
3

21
3

2
2

3
3

1
1

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

3

7

2

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

7

2. 38

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

4

65
26
39

2. 39
2. 28
2. 46

-

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

-

3
3
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

9
3
6

25
16
9

6

2

1

6

2

1

3

7

2

_

7
514
246
268

2. 10
2 .4 8
2. 20
2. 74

3
3

-

-

17
16
1

18
16
2

2
3
3
-

11
10
1

4
2
2

2
61
52
9

39
17
22

2
115
40
75

1
55
19
36

8
4
4

70
64
6

8
1
7

20
20

3
3

43
2
41

6
_
6

5
_
5

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

25
_
25

87
44
43

2 .4 6
2. 35
2. 56

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
3
11

24
13
11

20
16
4

2
_
2

5
5

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

2
_
2

-

1
_
1

_
-

-

4
3
1

_

-

5
4
1

_

*

3
3
-

_

-

2
2
-

-

-

1
1

-

-

754
374
380

2 .0 1
1 .9 5
2. 08

33
12
21

17
10
7

94
88
6

12
6
6

39
19
20

44
5
39

45
20
25

104
24
80

98
65
33

133
95
38

49
28
21

39
2
37

5
-

15
15

14
14

3
3

3
3

2
2

2
_
2

1
1

2
2

_
.

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

227
117
110
507
237
270

2. 01
1. 86
2. 16
2. 02
1 .9 9
2. 04

13
12
1
20
20

2
2
10
6
4

5
5
26
11
15

8

10
10
35
20
15

22

14
11
3
84
54
30

13

34
28
6
15

22

1

17
10
7

68
66
2
26
22
4

22
17
2
15

1
4

15

12
2

3

1
2

_
2

_
2

1

2
-

-

_

-

-

4

15

2

3

2

2

2

1

“

-

•

-

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
A s s e m b le r s , f u rn itu r e
( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 3 ... ..
.. .. .
T i m e ________ ______________ _
I n c e n tiv e ____________________
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) __________________
T im e . . . ___ _______ ________
I n c e n t i v e ................ .........................
S u b a s s e m b l i e s ____ _______ ______
T i m e _______ ____ ________ ____
I n c e n t i v e ........................................

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




-

8
36
5
31

-

22
78
20
58

-

13
112
87
25

-

15

5

1

12
-

-

2

“

Table 16.

Occupational Earnings:

Indiana— Continued

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a t i o n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

h o u r ly
e a rn in g s 1

53
53
38
182
232
188
44
12
265
243
22
530
341
189
182
117
65
95
49
46
87
68
19
219
119
100

$1.
1.
2.
2.
1.
1.
2.
2.
2.
1.
2.
1.
1.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

A v er-

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1.60 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 6 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 6 $XS15
and
and
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1.75 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 o v e r

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s —
w o m e n — C o n tin u e d
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s 2 a / __________
E x c e p t la w n o r o u td o o r c h a i r s ..
G l u e r s , ro u g h s t o c k 2b / .....................
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ^ b / _________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ................ ..........
T i m e ____________________________
I n c e n t i v e ___ ________ ___________
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s 2b / _____________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d _________
T im e ____________________________
I n c e n tiv e
_ _
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d _________
T i m e _______ ____________________
I n c e n tiv e ________________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e _____
T im e _________________________
I n c e n tiv e ____________________
B e lt ..........................................................
T i m e _____ ___________________
I n c e n tiv e ____________________
O th e r t h a n b e l t _________________
T i m e ____ ____________________
I n c e n tiv e ______ _ _________
S p r a y e r s ________________ _______ ___
T i m e ____________________________
I n c e n tiv e ________________________

78
78
22
06
87
82
05
20
01
98
24
98
84
24
11
05
21
10
98
23
12
11
15
18
11
25

27
27

3
3

-

-

-

3
2

-

77
74
3

2

23
22
1

-

-

-

_

3
3

51
51

-

-

-

7
7

-

1
1
1
3
4

14
14
-

1
1
1
9
2

-

_

-

8
19
4

4

2
24
21
3

2

17
17
16
1

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

_

-

-

23
22
1
6
4
2

18
17
1
15
5
10
2

6
4
2
18
14
4
3

-

-

-

-

_

4

-

-

3
3

-

2
1

3
3

-

14
14

18
11
7
16
13
3
1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

1
2

-

6
4
2
3
3

-

-

8
8

1
1

3

-

1
15
13
2
2
1
1

33
32
1
77
12
65
8
5
3
6
5
1
2
2
16
8
8

-

143
143

20
20

-

-

-

1

14
14

11
11

-

1
1

-

-

2

24
20
4

2
2
8
54
18
16
2
6
38
34
4
46
27
19
15
8
7
12
7
5
3
1
2
28
15
13

2
2
4
67
9
-

9
-

54
52
2
39
12
27
22
8
14
20
8
12
2
-

2
45
15
30

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
45
39
6
2
2

4
3
2

2
1
2

-

2

1

3
3
1

_

-

1

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

2

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

2

1

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
4
42
36
6
17
2
15
34
29
5
13
10
3
21
19
2
25
10
15

2

2

1

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

2
_

-

2
87
66
21
31
25
6
7
2
5
24
23
1
42
35
7

2

-

-

-

1 .8 6
1 .9 2
2. 09

30
3
"

17
-

"

8
12

3
3
7

17
12
“

16
7
2

1
4

2
_

"

7
5

13
5
2

5
-

10

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

2

_

_

1

_

_

8

-

_

_

2
5

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3
9

1
8

5

_

_

2

_

_

1

_

_

8

2

9
7

8
6

2
1

7
2

6
2

1
1

2
6

2
5
4
1

1
2
1
1

3
3
•

-

.

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

11
_

11

1

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

'

'

'

'

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

“

1
-

_

-

2

-

_

_

_

6

_

_

_

'

128
56
24

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

_

1
1

2
1

3

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
2 I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s by m e t h o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s ,
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




_

2
3

S e l e c t e d o f fic e
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m en
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ___________________
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ___________________
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l __________

_

a n d (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .

_

Table 17.

Occupational Earnings:

Jamestown, N.Y.1

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a t i o n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c t o b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

$ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0

$ 1.6,0

$ 3 .0 0 f X T o

W TJo

T 3 3 o $ 3 .4 0 £ 3 3 o

h o u r ly
e a rn in g s 2

1 ,0 8 0
803
277

$ 2 . 42
2. 48
2. 23

46
20
26

35
26
9

28
19
9

39
30
9

47
32
15

31
19
12

26
16
10

31
19
12

61
41
20

66
54
12

71
50
21

82
51
31

71
48
23

89
75
14

53
45
8

56
43
13

49
42
7

43
33
10

35
30
5

27
24
3

22
20
2

23
20
3

93
76

2. 64
2. 71

1
1

1
1

-

3
1

5
3

2
2

1
1

1
1

5
5

4
2

3
3

4
2

5
5

9
5

6
1

4
4

4
4

5
5

8
8

10
10

5
5

5
5

-

41
30

2 .5 9
2. 60

1
1

-

1
1

3
3

-

1
1

1
1

2
2

-

1
1

3
1

2
2

6
2

6
1

2
2

2
2

3
3

2
2

2
2

-

2
2

-

1
1

7
45
39
10
8
23
7
16

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

1
1
1

_

_

6
6

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

2 .4 5

12
7
63
49
16
11

2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

7
25
20

2. 62
2. 59
2. 78

6
14
12
19
9
50
33
31
12
19
19
14

2. 83
3 .0 7
3. 15
2. 04
2. 36
2. 63
2. 68
2. 62
2. 58
2. 64
2. 64
2. 74

6
42
34

2. 50
2. 80
2. 88

11
8

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ---------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------------

of
w o rk e rs

2. 85
2 .9 1

and
“
_
"
“
“
”
~
"
"
*
"
”
“
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 o v e r
13
13

36
33
3

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b le r s , f u rn itu r e (ex c e p t
c h a i r s ) -----------------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) ---------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( o th e r
th a n c a s e g o o d s ) ( a l l i n c e n tiv e ) —
S u b a s s e m b l i e s --------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s -----------------------G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k ---------------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t il it y
( a ll t i m e ) -------------------------------------------M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a t e ) --------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e -----------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e -----------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------------P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e )
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------I n c e n tiv e -----------------------------------------R o u te r o p e r a to r s ( s e t up and o p e ra te )
( a ll i n c e n t i v e ) ------------------------------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e -----------I n c e n tiv e -----------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d -------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e ------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------O t h e r th a n b e l t -------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a to r s , h and ( s e t up and
S p r a y e r s -----------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d

65
69
81
67
84
66
19
87

96
19
37
55
13
12

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

2

2

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
1
1

-

1

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

-

_

_

_

*

*

6
4
2

2
2
1
1
1
1
-

1
1
1
1
2
2
-

1

1

1

1

-

1

4

1

3

2
1
1
1
-

4
1
8
8
1
-

2
1
1

2
1
1

1
1
1

1
2
2

1

“
2

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1
1
7
3
5
2
3
2
-

2
2
2
2
3
1
2
2

_

_

_

2
2

5
1

4
2

-

2
2
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

7
4
1
1

4
1
1
1

-

-

6
2
2
2

-

1
-

2
2
1
-

5
5
2
-

5
5
4
4

5
5
2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

1
1

-

“

4
“

2
1

-

“

-

1

-

.

-

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

4
3
3

-

-

-

1

1
1
2
2
3
1
3
2
1

-

-

-

-

_

_
2
2

_

_

.

-

1
1
1

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

1
1
1
1
1

.
-

-

-

1
1
1

2

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

3
1
*

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

2
-

_

_

_

_

"

“

“

“

"

1
1

1
1

"

_

_

“

“

1
1
4
1
1
1
-

3
1
2
2
2
1
1

2
1
1
1
1
1

-

-

2
2
1
-

_
“

_

_

_

_

3
3

-




_

_

_

_

-

-

3
3
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
3

1

3

-

-

2
3
3

-

-

2
2
1
1

1

-

-

2
2
1
1
4

*

-

4

-

-

*

-

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

2
2
1
1

2
2

2
2
3
3

1
1
1
1

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6
6

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

1
1

1
1
1

2
2

1
1

-

1
"

-

1
1

_

-

1
1

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

-

-

2
1
1
1
1
2
2

-

-

“

1
1
1
1
3
3

_
-

-

-

-

_

-

2

1
1
1

1
1
1

2
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

4
4
4

3
3
1

-

-

-

.

-

1
2
2

-

-

1

1

2
2

-

-

-

-

5
4
2
1
1
3
3

1
1
1

_

_

_

_

5
5

3
3

2
2

2
2

_

_

.

-

1
1
-

3
6
6
2
“

-

-

-

4
-

_
"

2
2

'

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .

_

2
2

-

2
2

-

-

-

*

*

.

_

.

1
1

4
4

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

_

1

1

Table 17.

Occupational Earnings:

Jamestown, N.Y.1 Continued
—

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s i n w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c t o b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

of
w o rk e rs

$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0
h o u r ly
and
e a rn in g s 2
and
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 o v e r

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m en
A s s e m b le r s , fu rn itu r e (e x c e p t
c h a i r s ) ( a l l in c e n tiv e ) --------------------S u b a s s e m b l ie s ( a l l i n c e n t i v e ) -------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ------------------------I n c e n tiv e -----------------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e -----------------------------I n c e n tiv e -----------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d -------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e
( a l l i n c e n t i v e ) ------------------------------------B e lt ( a l l i n c e n tiv e ) ------------------------O t h e r th a n b e l t ( a l l i n c e n t i v e ) ------S p r a y e r s ----------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------------

42
34
30
22
10
8
31
29
15
7
8
13
11

$ 2 . 22
2. 19
2 .0 0
2 .0 9
2. 34
2 .4 1
2. 34
2. 38
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

25
19
30
50
54

3
3
6
4

-

-

-

-

2
1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

_
-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

2
1
1
-

-

-

4
4
2

3
2
4
1

3
3
1
1
1
1

2

S e l e c t e d o f fic e
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m en
6
2 .0 6

1

1 T h e J a m e s to w n A r e a c o n s i s t s o f C h a u ta u q u a C o u n ty .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
3 W o r k e r s p a id u n d e r t im e a n d i n c e n t iv e s y s te m s w e r e d iv id e d e q u a lly .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c la s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




1

_

2
2

_

2
2

_

_
_

4
4
1
1
2
2
11
11

2
1
1

2
2

_

1

2

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

3
3

1
1
2
2

3
3
2
2
2

-

3
2

5
5

_

_

-

-

_
_

1
2
-

2
1
1

8
7
1
1
1
1
4
4
1
1
-

4
4

-

-

1
1

1
1

2
1
_
_

1
1
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

3
3

2
2

2
2

2
2

1

2
1
1
2
2

_

2
1
1
2
2

_

1
_

-

3
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_

_

2
2

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
1
1

_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

Table 18.

Occupational Earnings:

Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif.1

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s

s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c t o b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

of
w o rk ers

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s -------------M e n ----------------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------

4 ,9 9 8
4 ,8 4 6
152

$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 3 .9 0 $ 4 .0 0
h o u r ly
an d
and
e a rn in g s 2
under
$ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 3 .9 0 $ 4 .0 0 o v e r
$ 2 . 68
2. 68
2. 42

19
19

416
402
14

67
67

-

-

-

256
228
28

284
282
2

516
483
33

193
184
9

252
250
2

425
416
9

338
309
29

324
314
10

599
597
2

199
194
5

270
270

15

92
85
7

216
216

105

26

49

54

60

91

169

16

19

-

7

13

38

18

25

85

88

11

9

-

6
92
-

7
4
-

29
7
-

7
28
-

_

81

5

10

13
3

6
-

14

-

3

_

_

_

_

_

14

14
1

2

107
105
2

22
22

59
59

14
14

25
25

.

.

21

.

.

-

-

21

-

-

_

_

_

_

2

7

27
27

98
98

121
121

.

6

7

-

6

-

_

_

_

7

_

2
42

_

_

_

-

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

6

-

-

-

6

-

-

15
8

2

_

1

3

_

_

_

_

_

-

59
59

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — m en
A s s e m b le rs ,fu rn itu r e (ex cep t
c h a i r s ) -------------------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) -----------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( o th e r th a n c a s e g o o d s ) -----S u b a s s e m b l i e s ---------------------A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s ----------------E x c e p t la w n o r o u td o o r
c h a i r s ---------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s --------------D o u b le -e n d - tr im m e r and
b o r in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -----G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k ----------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l
u t i l i t y --------------------------------------M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ---------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e --------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e -------------------P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d
o p e r a t e ) ----------------------------------R ip s a w o p e r a t o r s --------------------R o u te r o p e r a to r s ( s e t up and
o p e r a t e ) ----------------------------------R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( f e e d o n l y ) ---R u b b e r , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ----------R u b b e rs , f u r n itu r e , m a c h in e —
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ---------S a n d e rs , f u r n itu r e , m a c h in e —
B e l t ----------------------------------------O t h e r th a n b e lt --------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a ti c
( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ---------------S h ap er o p e ra to rs , hand
( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ---------------S p r a y e r s ------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a to r s ( s e t up and
o p e r a t e ) ------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly ) —

648

2. 75

321

2. 87

-

159
168
19

2. 84
2. 45
2. 87

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

19
78

2. 87
3. 12

41
75

3. 11
2. 68

27

3. 29
2. 00
2. 70

7
91

2. 91
2. 89

16
14
43
43
319
283
212
71

2 .9 9
2. 83
2. 63
2. 66
2. 46
2. 84
2. 90
2. 64

45

3. 23
3. 04

-

_

-

-

-

-

7
3
-

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
15
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

15

7

12

1
10

1
4

2
13

16
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

14

3

2

1

-

-

-

-

8
-

_

3
2

2

_

_

_

-

_

2

4
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3. 30

29
320

-

3. 22

17
338
54

10

47
8

2 .4 8
2. 89

_

_

-

-

_

77
6

22
-

_

27
-

_

4
12

_

4
-

6
-

_

_
14

-

_
_

-

-

-

2

-

2

_

-

-

-

_

4

7

_

_

-

11
5

7
26
5

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

5

5

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

139
5

-

9
20
17
7
10

-

-

23
31
24
7

-

3. 34
2. 95

97
10

_

171
*

25
9
1
2

6
9
20
10
37
20
17

28

7

17

4
25

11

-

2
2

1
8
6
10
3
46
37
9

7

-

14
5
43
26
25
1

6
1
1
33
21
18
3

21
19
2

36
32
4

29
26
3

-

3
3
-

*

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

9

16

4

-

8

-

3

-

-

-

3
31

6
21

16
66

3
17

-

_

_

10

6

-

-

1
3

-

103

6

-

2

5

-

20
2

3

14

2

1

_

_

2
2

3
3

“

“

-

-

_

16

2

2
“

17

_

_

2

1

25
“

-

1

2
1

"

-

_

S e l e c t e d o f fic e
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m en
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -------------------------

“

2
“

9
"

10
“

1
"

6
"

"

5
2

25
2

2
“

3
“

1 T h e L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e im — a n ta A n a— a r d e n G r o v e S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of L o s A n g e le s a n d O r a n g e C o u n tie s .
S
G
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .

G)




"

*

1
1

_

•

1

_

C Table 19.
O
10

Occupational Earnings:

Louisville, Ky.—Ind.1

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c t o b e r 1968)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ____
M en _____________________
W o m e n ---------------------------

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
A v e rage
$ 1.60 $ 1.65 $ 1.70 $ 1.75 $ 1.80 $ 1.85 $ 1.90 $ 1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2.3 0 $ 2.4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2.9 0 $ 3.0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3.20 $ 3.3 0 $ 3.4 0 $ 3.50 $ 3.60 $ 3.70
h o u r ly
and
e a rn and
under
in g s 2
$ 1.65 $ 1.70 $ 1.75 $ 1.80 $ 1.85 $ 1.90 $ 1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2.5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2.8 0 $ 2.9 0 $ 3.00 $ 3.10 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3.5 0 $ 3.60 $ 3 .7 0 o v e r

1 ,5 5 1
1, 122
4 29

$ 2. 82
3. 01
2. 34

43
15
28

13
4
9

16
6
10

4
2
2

15
12
3

12
12
'

57
25
32

65
42
23

171
126
45

136
82
54

129
84
45

71
48
23

95
74
21

83
47
36

95
71
24

101
64
37

43
36
7

39
35
4

66
61
5

13
10
3

25
21
4

194
34
160

3. 81
2. 27
4 . 14

1
1
-

-

-

1
1
-

-

1
1
-

2
2
-

2
2

24
12
12

9
9

12
5
7

2
2

7
7

3
2
1

11
2
9

6
6
-

2
2

2
2

15
2
13

1
1

139
18
55
39
12

4.
2.
2.
2.
2.

1
1
-

-

-

1
1
-

-

1
1
-

2
-

2
2
-

8
6
16
10
1

1
8
8
-

4
1
8
4
-

2
2
1

5
2
2
-

2
2
1
1
1

4
7
5
2

4
4
2
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

14
2
1
1
-

1
2

8
7
1

5
5
-

21
21
-

7
6
1

218
206
12

5
5

-

-

2
2

-

86
86

5
-

1

-

2
3

-

86
1

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b le rs , f u rn itu r e
( e x c e p t c h a ir s ) 3 --------------T im e __________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e
p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) ------T im e __________________
S u b a s s e m b l i e s ----------------I n c e n tiv e ______________
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s * ____
D o u b le -e n d - tr im m e r and
b o r in g - m a c h in e

42
31
28
31
98

10

2. 25

36
26

2. 64

7
24
34

3. 00
2. 56
3. 34

1
-

-

26

3. 74

-

-

17
9

2. 52
2. 37

-

-

-

24

4. 17

-

-

50
27
23
42
22
20
8

2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
3.
3.

95
57
39
86
32
45
40

-

-

75
16
59

3. 59
2. 30
3. 94

-

13

2. 91
3. 07

.

M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l
—

ye

M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) 4b / -----O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e * h / —
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e _________
I n c e n t i v e _________________
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p
a n d o p e r a t e ) _______________
T im e _____________________
S a n d e rs , fu rn itu re , hand
( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ____
S a n d e rs , f u rn itu r e ,
m a c h in e -----------------------------T im e __________________
I n c e n t i v e ______________
B e lt — ___________ ____
T im e ____ ___________
I n c e n tiv e --------------------O t h e r t h a n b e lt 4 a /._______
S h ap er o p e ra to rs , h and (se t
S p r a y e r s ____________________
T im e _____________________
T e n o n e r o p e r a to r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e r a t e ) ______________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




6

8
8

2

-

2
-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

1
1
1

1
1
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
1

i
-

2

1

_

3
3

-

3
5
5
5
5
-

9
9

1
5

1
4

-

1
6
1

-

-

5

4

-

1

_

1
-

1
-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
4
3
7
4
3
-

4
1
3
4
1
3
-

3
1
2
2
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
-

4
4
2
2
2

4
4

2
-

5
-

-

3
2

_
-

2

1

1

-

1

1

1
1

2

1

2
1

2

1

-

1
-

4
4

2
-

3
1

4

2

-

-

-

-

8
7
1
7
6
1
1

3
3
3
3
-

2
2
2
2
-

3
2
1
1
1
2

3
-

6
6

8
1

_
-

3

-

3
-

-

-

1
-

-

1

-

-

2
2
2
2
-

.
-

-

3
1
-

-

10

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

-

-

7
2
5
5
5
2

-

_
-

_
-

5
-

5
-

25
25

1

-

-

2

-

1

Table 19.

Occupational Earnings:

Louisville, Ky.—Ind.1— Continued

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c t o b e r 1968)
N um O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

of
w o rk O

A v e rN u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
age
$ 1 .6 0 $ 1.65 $ 1.70 $ 1.75 $ 1.80 $ 1.85 $ 1.90 $ 1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2.40 $ 2.5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2.90 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3.40 $ 3.50 $ 3.60 $ 3.70
h o u r ly
and
e a rn "
*
*
under
$ 1.65 $ 1.70 $ 1.75 $ 1.80 $ 1.85 $ 1.90 $ 1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2.6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2.9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3.2 0 $ 3.30 $ 3.40 $ 3.5 0 $ 3.60 $ 3.7 0 o v e r

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
A s s e m b le r s , f u rn itu r e
( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 3 ---------------T im e --------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e 4 a / ---P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e 4a / --------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ___
I n c e n t i v e _________________
S p r a y e r s ------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _________________

65
31
9
11
98
31
67
29
6
23

$ 2 . 13
1. 84
1. 98
1. 93
2 .4 3
1. 99
2. 63
2 .4 6
2. 24
2. 52

6
11

2. 51
2. 20

12
12

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

9
4

1

-

-

-

4

1
5
5

-

-

-

2
2

2
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
-

9
-

14
10
2
2
6
1
5
4
3
1

5

2

-

-

1

4
2

1

6

1

1

1

3

1

2

1

-

-

-

-

Z'

-

-

-

27
8
19

10
4
6
5

2

6

5

2

-

-

2
2

6
3
2
1

-

5

4
2
2
5
1
4

_

'

-

-

-

2

7

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

1

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

2
9

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

5

1

-

2

"

"

2
2

-

1

"

-

S e l e c t e d o ffic e
o c c u p a ti o n s— w o m en
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l -------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _____________
1
2
3
4
5

-

-

1

1
"

1
-

4

2

1

2
1

"

*

T h e L o u i s v il le S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f J e f f e r s o n C o u n ty , K y . ; a n d C l a r k a n d F lo y d C o u n t ie s , In d .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to th o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y tim e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s p a id u n d e r t im e a n d in c e n tiv e s y s te m s w e r e e q u a lly d iv id e d .




"

Table 20.

Occupational Earnings:

Martinsville, Va.1

(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ----------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------------

7 ,7 9 1
5 ,9 9 0
1, 801

$ 1 . 84
1. 88
1 .6 9

521
235
286

285

1. 85

8

207
68
77

1. 86
1.81
1. 99

74
69
38

1. 99
1. 77
2. 07

34
27
348
153
14
22
153
56
39
23
66
106
487
315
172

2. 13
1. 86
1 .7 1
1 .7 5
2. 04
1. 81
1. 97
1. 96
1 .7 7
1. 72
1. 77
1. 75
1. 93
1. 94
1. 89

42
19
27
24
330
56

2. 09
1 .9 2
2. 09
1 . 88
1. 89
2. 10

-

135
90
184
164
103
71

1 .7 0
1 .6 5
1. 65
1 .7 0
1 .6 9
1. 78

A v erag e
$ 1 . 6o
h o u r ly
and
e a rn in g s 2
under
$ 1 .6 5

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .7 5

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1. 85

$ 1 .9 0

$ 1 .9 5

$ 2 . 00

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 . 60

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .7 5

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .8 5

$ 1 .9 0

$ 1 .9 5

$ 2 . 00

$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 . 60

over

1, 532
705
827

1, 156
811
345

783
620
163

564
491
73

503
457
46

499
461
38

693
676
17

673
669
4

418
416
2

206
206
-

122
122
-

52
52
-

39
39
-

30
30
-

32

34

24

25

33

39

48

32

7

3

-

-

-

-

8
-

20
12
-

20
14
-

14
10
-

19
6
5

24
5
5

30
7
10

37
7
34

27
5
5

5
2
14

3
2

2

-

-

-

-

2
16
2

17
-

2
14
2

1
15
-

11
7
-

9
3

4
4

28
8

17
8

4

5

-

2

-

-

4
105
28
2

2
4
32
21
1
6
1
7
2
4
6
2
43
27
16

3
4
20
1
1
14
6
11
7
28
17
11

2
6
3
2
17
11
3
6
2
38
18
20

2

8
4
2
2
1
27
16
3
92
56
36

9
2
2
7
24
10

2
-

2
-

45
26
19

5
2
6
4
14
13
1

2

4
58
17
“
3
4
4
10
3
9
17
22
13
9

-

2

2
3

4
2
1
1
75
3

6
48
2

11
2
13
4 '
49
2

10
4
7
2
8
22

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

9

“

$ 1 .6 5

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) 3_____
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s
( c a s e g o o d s ) _______________ ______________
S u b a s s e m b l i e s ---------------------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s _________________________
D o u b l e - e n d - t r i m m e r a n d b o r in g m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s - ----------------------- ------- _
G l u e r s , r o u g h s to c k -----------------------------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y - ____
— _
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d
------------ — ----------------- o p e r a t e ) - ------M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly )---------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e -------------------------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ____________________________
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) _______
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) - __ — —
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s ____________________________
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ----------R o u te r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) . . . .
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ____________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e -------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d _____________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e -------------------------B e lt
. . .
O t h e r t h a n b e l t - — — __________ _____
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a ti c ( s e t up a n d
o p e r a t e ) ---------------------------------------------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a ti c ( fe e d o n l y ) ------S h a p e r o p e r a to r s , h and ( s e t up and o p e r a te ) - S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d (fe e d o n l y ) —------------------Sp r a y e r s ____ ____________________ _____ ___________________ ___
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ------------

22
6
2
2
8
16
8
8

-

6
17
31
17
6
11

125
51
1
4
9
16
10
10
23
37
17
20

1

2
5
5

22

“

“

“

2
30
2

26
27
34

54
45
124
68
58
3

24
14
20
39
15
26

9
2
6
30
11
6

“

-

-

3
41

-

1
51
6

5
3
47
4
2
5
13
135
114
21
5
4
1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

2
2

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

4

-

-

*

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

_

"

“

“

“

"

“

"

6
3

“

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — w o m en
A s s e m b le r s , fu rn itu r e (ex c e p t c h a ir s )
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e -------------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ---------------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e 3 --------------------------------O th e r t h a n b e l t -------------------------------------------------------------S p r a y e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

16

10
“

T h e M a r t i n s v i l l e A r e a c o n s i s t s o f th e c it y o f M a r t in s v i ll e a n d H e n r y C o u n ty .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s ,
a n d l a t e s h if t s
I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to th o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




5

5
2

-

-

8
6
11

1
1
16

-

-

Table 21.

Occupational Earnings:

Miami and Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood, Fla.1

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c t o b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

of
w o rk e rs

h o u r ly
e a rn in g s 2

$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 J I 8 ? $ 1 .9 0 i n s $ 2 .0 0 f n o T T Z o $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 ■ ^ 8 0 $ 2 .9 0 J J M T T T o
and
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 o v e r

1, 140
1 ,0 9 4
46

$ 2 . 12
2. 14
1 .7 5

114
93
21

4
4
-

74
62
12

22
18
4

50
48
2

35
35
-

54
54
-

43
42
1

146
146
-

115
114
1

107
105
2

131
130
1

67
66
1

60
60
*

44
43
1

35
35
-

12
12
-

6
6
-

15
15
-

6
6
-

152
A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) ------------------------------------126
C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) ------------------------------26
S u b a s s e m b l i e s ------------------------------------------------------------------------32
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------------G l u e r s , ro u g h s to c k -------------------------------------------------------------------18
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ----------------------------------------------------------------37
78
P l a s t i c - t o p i n s t a l l e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------21
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n l y ) ------------------------------------------------------34
55
S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d -----------------------------------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e 4 --------------------------------------------------- ______15

2. 33
2. 35
2. 23
2. 40
1 .9 6
1 .6 7
2. 42
2. 20
2. 28
1 .9 8
2. 00

_
3
28
1
1

_
-

_
1
1

_
-

_
1
3
3
3
3

_
1
1
4
7
-

5
4
1
3
1
3
3
3
5
-

3
3
4
2
2
1

11
8
3
3
1
5
2
33
4

31
21
10
7
2
1
3
-

13
11
2
4
9
4
2
4

43
35
8
8
4
9
13
-

5
5
4
30
3
1

12
12
3
10
5
-

15
15
4
6
2
1
-

4
4
3
6
-

1
1
2
3
1
-

4
2
2
-

5
5
-

_
-

36
11

2. 39
2. 31

_

_

_

_

1

-

1
-

3
1

14
7

3
2

3
-

4
-

4
-

_

-

1
-

.

-

1
*

_

-

i
-

_

-

-

-

1
-

29

2. 13

_

"

5

“

4

"

"

7

6

1

1

"

1

'

2

*

2

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------M en -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s 3

S p r a y e r s _________________________________________________________
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly ) -----------------------------------------------------

_
-

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a t i o n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 T h e M ia m i a n d F o r t L a u d e r d a l e — o lly w o o d S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s c o n s i s t o f D a d e a n d B r o w a r d C o u n tie s .
H
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
3 D a ta l im it e d to m e n w o r k e r s .
4 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




"

C Table 22.
O

Occupational Earnings:

Winston- Salem—High Point, N.C.1

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s

w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c t o b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

of
w o rk ers

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ___________________________________
M en
_ ---- ---------------------------------------------- ----------------W o m e n — --------------------------------------------------------------------

8, 155
5, 660
2 ,4 9 5

$ 1.60 $ 1.65 $ 1.70 $ 1.75 $ 1.80 $ 1.85 $ 1.90 $ 1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2.30 $ 2.40 $ 2.50 $ 2.6 0 $ 2.70 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2.9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0
h o u r ly
and
e a rn in g s 2
under
$ 1.65 $ 1.70 $ 1.75 $ 1.80 $ 1.85 $ 1.90 $ 1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2.7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2.9 0 $ 3.0 0 $ 3.10 $ 3.2 0 $ 3 .3 0
$ 1. 92
1. 99
1. 77

4 1 7 1,004
160
419
585
257

881
483
398

745
436
309

626
411
215

626
407
219

603
404
199

426
315
111

973
839
134

575
531
44

463
447
16

314
308
6

217
215
2

138
138
-

59
59
-

49
49
'

8
8
-

9
9
-

18
18
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

4
4
4
-

11
1
10
1
4
-

7
2
1
4
12
-

22
4
18
1
4
6
.4

18
3
4
11
2
5
-

22
2
3
17
2
3
5
1
4

12
2
1
9
11
6
12
1
3

64
21
3
40
14
14
29
8
7

24
11
2
11
18
9
4
8
5

34
1
3
30
6
3
2
5
4

23
2
21
9
4
6
7

3
2
1
5
10
11
16

2
2
6
14
3

2
2
1
13
3

2
1

5
-

2
-

-

-

-

20

15

19

11

4
12
6
4
26
19
7
21
-

5
3
1
14

6
10
6

14
2
1
6

18
2
10
2
1
6

18
3
2
2

19
5
23
10
3
7

3
i
15
5
2

5
5
16
7

3
8
7

4
2
6

2
-

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

12
19
9
10
4
11
-

6
18
13
5
5
1

4
24
16
8
4
1
22
-

30
15
15
9
23
1

2
16
10
6
3
27
1

17
68
55
13
2
5
42
6

11
46
30
16
5
5
38
6

5
57
49
8
4
4
30
17

5
40
27
13
3
2
14
7

2
9
8
1
11
5
3
10

2
1
1
4
6
-

_
2
2
4
6

3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

27
26
11
6
1
"
40

22
17
2
10
1
4
16

25
21
7
4
2
13

14

26

12
12

5

20
4
3
20

4
1
2

2
2
2

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

16
9
7

22
9
13
15

15
6
9
21

5
4
i
18

4
2
2
21

4
2
2
12

3

12
2
1

2
1
1

2
2

5
3

5
5
4

2
-

5
1
1

1
1

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n
4
-

A s s e m b l e r s , f u r n i t u r e ( e x c e p t c h a i r s ) --------------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( c a s e g o o d s ) --------------------C o m p le te f u r n i t u r e p i e c e s ( o th e r t h a n c a s e g o o d s ) —
S u b a s s e m b l i e s --------------------------------------------------------------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ___________________________________
D o u b l e - e n d - t r i m m e r a n d b o r i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ___
G l u e r s , ro u g h s t o c k ---------------------------------------------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y _______________
M o ld in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) -----------

244
53
19
172
77
64
83
76
57

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.
2.
2.

04
05
03
03
07
13
92
42
24

P a rV p rfi

P la n e r o p e ra to rs ( s e t u p and o p e ra te )
____ - ____ —
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s ______________________________________
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ----------------------------R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly ) _________ — ------- — ------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d -------------------------------------------------

125
20
131
51
28
66

1.
2.
2.
2.
1.
1.

86
21
00
20
83
79

-

12
4
13

S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ------- ---------------------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h i n e _______________ ___ ______
B e lt
O t h e r t h a n b e l t ________________________________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u to m a ti c ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) -------------------S p r a y e r s _ ---------- ----- ------------------------------------------- ------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) --------------------------

110
378
262
.1 1 6
44
34
255
59

1.
2.
2.
1.
2.
2.
2.
2.

87
03
05
96
29
10
01
32

16
-

24
22
8
14
13
-

16
15
39
7
29

40

9
8
i
10

15
5
10
14

22
17
5

16
1

6
3

7
8

16

fn ^ . h i r

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — w om en
— ----------------

223

1. 84

24

O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ___________________________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e -----------------------------------------------------------R ip -sa w o p e ra to rs
--------------------------------------------------------R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o n ly ) ____________________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e , h a n d ------------------------------------------------

107
58
12
9
171

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

6
2
11

S a n d e r s , f u r n i t u r e , m a c h in e ------------------------------------------

112
62
50

1. 82
1. 81
1. 83

A s s e m b le r s , f u rn itu r e (e x c e p t c h a ir s ) 3

O t h e r t h a n b e lt _ -------------------------------------------

-----------

73
75
89
89
75

-

25
25
22
23
1

27

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a t i o n s — w o m e n
C le rk s ,
C le rk s ,
T y p is ts ,
T y p is ts ,

g e n e ra l
p a y ro ll
c la s s A
c la s s B

-------------------------------------------------------------~
~
----- ---------- -------------------- —
____ ________________________ ________ __ _
______________ ____
— ------- ------- -

81
11
14
20

1.
2.
2.
1.

87
09
08
76

8
1
1

11
6

T h e W in s t o n - S a l e m — ig h P o i n t A r e a c o n s i s t s of D a v id s o n , F o r s y th , G u i lf o r d , a n d R a n d o lp h C o u n tie s .
H
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .




-

Tabic 23.

Earnings Relationships: Selected Regions and Areas

( R e g io n a l a n d a r e a a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of a ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s a n d w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s a s p e r c e n t o f n a ti o n a l a v e r a g e s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d ,
m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , O c to b e r 1968)
( N a tio n a l a v e r a g e s =100)
S a n d e rs ,
A s s e m b le rs ,
S a n d e rs, fu rn i­
M a in te n a n c e
P a c k e rs,
O ff-b e a rers,
A ll p r o d u c tio n
C u t-o ff-s a w
o p e ra to rs , hand,
S p ra y ers
c o m p le te f u r n i ­
R e g io n a n d a r e a
m en , g e n e ra l
tu r e , m a c h in e ,
f u rn itu r e
w o rk e rs
s e t up a n d
t u r e p i e c e s ( c a s e o p e r a t o r s (m e n )
m a c h in e (m e n )
(m e n )
u t i l i t y (m e n )
b e lt (m e n )
(m e n )
g o o d s ) (m e n )
o p e r a t e (m e n )
106
1 12
114
116
89
136
88
90
92

Table 24.

107
123
117
1 15
85
197
83
85
92

97
96
109
119
92
132
88
88
91

104
96
109
102
91
137
87
92
92

1 10
109
120
128
94
138
92
93
94

108
112
120
109
92
171
89
91
92

113
139
110
121
90
133
90
90
98

106
1 14
102
107
89
112
89
88
97

108
121
122
126
86
161
84
86
89

102
92
88
89
108
108
96
1 12
108
137

105
91
81
83
120
109
96
113
128
127

107
92
82
88
108
103
88
110
107
132

119
101
91
85
107
119
95
110
109
135

90
97
95
95
108
105
97
101
119
116

86
95
89
92
114
102
96
118
119
135

94
95
92
91
114
120
103
119
110
133

1 18
90
85
85
111
130
90
123
102
133

107
90
91
89
113
111
93
113
111
135

129

N ew E n g la n d _ -------- -------------------- — G a r d n e r , M a s s ------------------------------------M id d le A t l a n t i c -----------------------------------------J a m e s to w n , N. Y ______
— — — —
B o r d e r S t a te s --------------------------------------------L o u i s v il le , K y. — n d ----------------------------I
M a r t i n s v i l l e , V a ---------------------------------S o u t h e a s t ____________________ ________ —
H ic k o r y — t a t e s v i l l e , N. C ____________
S
M ia m i a n d F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —
H o lly w o o d , F l a ______________________
W in s to n - S a le m — ig h P o i n t, N. C ------H
S o u th w e s t ____ ___ ______ _______ ___________
F o r t S m ith , A r k . — k l a ---------------------O
G r e a t L a k e s __________________________ ___
C h ic a g o , 111________ ____ __ ___________
E v a n s v i l l e , In d . —
Ky_ _
— —
G r a n d R a p id s , M ic h
— I n d ia n a _ _ __ —
— — —
P a c if i c
L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h a n d
L
A n a h e im — a n ta A n a— a r d e n
S
G
G r o v e , C a l if —
— — __ — _

128

138

135

108

139

135

139

136

Method of Wage Payment

( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y m e t h o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t , U n ite d S t a t e s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , a n d a r e a s , O c to b e r 1968)
R e g io n s
M e th o d o f w a g e
p a y m e n t1

A re a s

N ew M id d le
C h i­
U n ite d
B o r d e r S o u th ­ S o u th ­ G r e a t P a c i ­
cago,
E n g ­ A tla n ­
S ta te s
w est
fic
S ta te s 2
east
Lakes
la n d
tic
111.

L os A n g e le s M ia m i a n d W in s to n H ic k o r y E vans­
F o rt
G ran d
J a m e s ­ Long B e a c h a n d L o u i s ­ M a r t i n s ­
S a le m F o rt
G a rd n e r,
S ta te s S m ith ,
v i ll e ,
R a p id s ,
In d ia n a to w n , A n a h e im - S a n ta
v i ll e ,
v ille ,
L a u d e r d a l e — H ig h
M ass.
v ille ,
I n d .- K y . A r k .
M ic h .
N . Y.
A na— a r d e n
G
K y. — d .
In
V a.
H o lly w o o d , P o i n t ,
N. C.
G r o v e . C a lif .
N .C .
F la .

A ll w o r k e r s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s ___
F o r m a l p la n s
S in g le r a t e
R a n g e of r a t e s ___
I n d iv id u a l r a t e s --------

83
35
14
21
48

71
23
12
11
49

69
27
4
23
43

88
30
10
20
57

95
33
9
25
61

83
33
33
50

59
34
15
19
25

98
76
74
1
23

82
41
1
40
40

55
22
22
33

88
66
66
22

58
17
17
41

64
12
5
7
52

99
99

55
35
24
11
20

36
5
3
2
31

97
53
50
3
44

32
17
10
7
15

100
26
26
74

100
59
59
_
41

100
47
47
53

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s
In d iv id u a l
p ie c e w o rk
G r o u p p i e c e w o r k -----I n d iv id u a l b o n u s ------G r o u p b o n u s ________ _

17

29

31

12

5

17

41

2

18

45

12

42

36

1

45

64

3

68

_

.

.

4
2
7
4

8
2
15
3

12
2
13
3

(3 )
9
3

1
3
(3 )

4
10
3

10
5
11
15

1
(3 )

10
6
2

10
35

12

27
6
9

6
13
17

1
“

8
5
7
24

24
35
5

2
1

11
15
5
35

.
"

_

-

-

'

1 F o r d e f i n i ti o n o f m e th o d of w a g e p a y m e n t, s e e a p p e n d ix A.
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
3 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,




s u m s o f in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s

W Table 25.

Scheduled Weekly Hours

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n a n d o f fic e w o r k e r s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a- i f a c ^ - r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s of d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s .
U n ite d S t a t e s , a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)
U n ite d
S ta te s 2

W e e k ly h o u r s

N ew
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

S o u th w e s t

G reat
Lakes

P a c if i c

P r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s
A11 w o r k e r s __________________________________________

100

U n d e r 40 h o u r s _______ __ ________ ______________________
40 h o u r s ___
. . ___ ____ ________________________________
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s ________ ___________ _________
45 h o u r s ________ __ _____ ______________________________________
O v e r 45 a n d u n d e r 50 h o u r s ______________________________-___
50 h o u r s __________________ __ ______ ____ __ ____________ ____ _
O v e r 50 h o u r s .
. ____
______
____ __ „ - „

(3 )
64
6
14
3
7
4

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

32
7
29
21
11
"

2
65
7
6
6
4
11

71
11
14
5

61
7
16
3
8
4

90
_
10
-

100
_
_
_

-

51
5
19
3
14
9

100

100

100

100

_

3
5
74
7
4
6

_

-

O ffic e w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s

__ ____

_ — _________

__ ___

100

U n d e r 35 h o u r s _______________________________________________
35 h o u r s ______________________________ _________________________
37 1 l z a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s ____________________________________
40 h o u r s - — ___
_ ___ _________________________ __ __
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 45 h o u r s _________________________________
45 h o u r s ____________________ _______________ _______________
O v e r 45 h o u r s
___
___ ____ __ _____ ____ __ __ __

100

1
2
4
88
2
2
1

1

1 D a ta r e l a t e to th e p r e d o m i n a n t w o r k s c h e d u le in e a c h e s ta b l is h m e n t .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,




s u m s o f in d iv id u a l

i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s

-

13
78
3
5
“

100

100

-

2
(3 )
(3 )
96

8
88

10
13
77

100

-

_

_

_

-

-

(3 )

-

1
1

4
-

-

_

100

_
-

Table 26.

Shift Differential Provisions

( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l p r o v is i o n s 1 in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . U n ite d S t a t e s , a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)
U n ite d
S t a te s 2

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l
AU w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

N ew
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S t a te s

S o u th e a s t

S o u th w e s t

G re a t
Lakes

P a c if i c

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

45. 9
35. 8
3 1 .0
.4
7. 6
1. 3
2. 7
.2
1. 0
13. 8
. 1
3. 9
4. 5
. 8
3. 8
. 3
10. 1

46. 8
44. 4
3 6 .6
3 1 .9
4. 6
7. 9
7 .9
2. 4

36. 2
36. 2
28. 5
1 .7
1. 9
13. 5
.7
10. 7
7. 8
7. 8
-

56. 1
28. 4
24. 7
19. 5
2. 3
2. 9
3. 7
2. 8
.9
27. 7

34. 4
24. 5
24. 5
7 .4
7. 1
1 .6
4. 9
3. 6
9. 9

46. 6
20. 8
4. 0
4. 0
16. 8
16. 8
25. 8

6 0 .6
6 0 .6
51. 6
2. 1
8. 9
4 .4
2. 5
26. 8
6. 8
9. 0
9. 0
-

60. 3
52. 6
46. 1
3. 2
3. 3
39. 6
2. 7
2. 7
3. 9
7. 7

22. 3
20. 7
16. 5
.4
.4
. 2
3. 8
4. 8
. 8
.4
4. 3
1 .4
3. 9
. 6
3. 2

1 9 .9
1 9 .9
16. 1

3 2 .4
32. 4
24. 6

3 1 .3
20. 2
1 7 .4

10. 6
10. 6
1 0 .6

16. 8
16. 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

29.
29.
21.
2.
2.

36. 4
3 6 .4
2 9 .9

-

-

1. 9
3. 0

1 1. 2
6. 2

3. 6
1 .6

-

-

-

3. 5
16. 2

-

-

-

5 .4

-

.

S e c o n d s h if t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g s e c o n d s h if t p r o v i s i o n s —
W ith s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l -------------------------------------------------------U n if o rm c e n ts p e r h o u r ______
____
___ — - —
3 _____________________________________________________
5 .........................................................................................................
6 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------7
8.
.............................................................................................
9 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 ...........................................................................................................
1 2 ____ ___ _________________ _____________________ ___
15—
..................................................................................
U n if o rm p e r c e n t a g e -----------------------------------------------------5 .........................................................................................................
1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------F u l l d a y ’s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ______________ - —
W ith no s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l . . . .
___
- __ - ~
T h i r d o r o t h e r l a t e s h if t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g t h i r d - o r o t h e r l a t e s h if t p r o v i s i o n s - _ ____ _____ - — ------- ----- ----W ith s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------------------------------------U n if o rm c e n ts p e r h o u r _______________________________
3 ............................................................................................................
5 _____________________________ __________________ __ __
6 ..............................................................................
...............
8 .......................................................................................................
10
.
.
.
12 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------1 5 .........................................................................................................................................
20 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n if o rm p e r c e n t a g e -----------------------------------------------------------------5......................................................................................................................... 1 0 .........................................................................................................................................
1 5 .....................................................
...............................................
F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ------ -------------------------------------W ith no s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l — —
- - - - ------ —

1

. 3
1. 6

-

3. 5
7. 9
-

4. 6

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,




s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

-

-

3. 3
-

-

3. 9
10. 0
2. 5

-

-

-

1 .0

8
18. 5
2. 7

6. 3
-

1

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

3. 8
3. 8

7. 8

-

16. 8

7. 5

-

2. 8
2. 8

-

-

-

-

7. 8

-

-

6. 7
. 8

2. 7

-

-

16. 8

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

11 . 2

“

“

3. 9
“

“

1 R e f e r s to p o l ic i e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e i t h e r c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g l a t e s h if t s o r h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

3
3
8
1
3

-

Table 27.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n a n d o f fic e w o r k e r s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g
U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c t o b e r 1968)

N u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s

U n ite d
S ta te s 1

N ew
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tl a n t i c

e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a id h o l id a y s ,

B o rd e r
S t a te s

S o u th e a s t

S o u th w e s t

G reat
L akes

P a c if ic

P r o d u c tio n w o rk e rs
A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p a id h o l i d a y s -----------1 d a y ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

81
2

100
-

100
-

56
5

69
1

90
15

98
-

100
*

_

_

-

-

6
33

3
24
1
3
13
7
1
18
1
11
2
16
“

26
4
1
9
5
1

11
15
17
12

_
4
19
48

-

12
_
-

2
.
5
38
6
6
19
6
14

I
_
11
_
34
3
1
40
2
9

3

d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y -------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s p l u s 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------------------------7
7
8
8

days
days
days
days

p lu s 1 h a lf d a y -------------------------------------------------------p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------------------

9 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y -------------------------------------------------------10 o r 11 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g n o p a id h o l i d a y s -------

8
7
9
21
2
2
13
2
(2)
9
1
2
(2)
2
19

-

3
21
2
-

18
9
5
-

3
"

2
-

-

-

-

4
_
-

-

-

_

2

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

44

31

10

2

_

O f f ic e w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p a id h o l i d a y s -----------1 d a y -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y -------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s p l u s 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------------------------

97

100

100

100

100

_
_

_

100
15

100

_
_
_

_

91
5
1
16
13
26
18

7 d a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y -------------------------------------------------------7 d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------------------------8 d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------------------------9 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------9 d a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y -------------------------------------------------------10 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g n o p a id h o l i d a y s -------

2

(2 )
9
5
10
31
3
2
14
4
1
9
2
2
(2 )
1
1
3

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 L e s s th an 0. 5 p e rc e n t.
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .




-

-

3
20

5
15
7
5
17
8
2
13
1
11
2
7
8
“

_

5
23
3
-

20
18
2
.
-

6
"

1
28
7
1
56
3
2
-

_
_

4
22
46

_

_
_

(2 )

_

-

-

9
2

13
-

1
47
6
4
22
8

-

11

-

-

3

-

-

_

_

_

-

1

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

9

"

-

20
-

34
2
2
37
4
2

.

-

Table 28.

Paid Vacations

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n a n d o f fic e w o r k e r s in w ood h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a id v a c a t i o n s a f t e r s e le c te d p e r i o d s
o f s e r v i c e , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)
V a c a tio n p o lic y

U n ite d
S t a te s 1

N ew
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

S o u th w e s t

G re a t
L akes

P a c if ic

P r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s
100

A ll w o r k e r s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97
70
26
1
3

100
74
26

100
86
14

96
61
34

100
100

98
69
29

100
92
8

-

-

95
60
32
3
5

-

-

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p a id v a c a t i o n s —
L e n t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t -------------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t --------------------------------------------------O t h e r ---------------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g no p a id v a c a tio n

O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e rv ic e :
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e 4 :
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




-

2

'

A m o u n t of v a c a tio n p ay 2
A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------A f te r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e rv ic e :
1 w e e k --------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e rv ic e :

-

4

1
84
3
7
1
(3 )
1
68
11
16
1
1

93

-

98
2
-

70
21
10

.
73
10
18

.
83
8
2

96
4
-

-

2

3
71
3
15
2

-

55
8
30
2
1

96
4

31
36
25
5
“

7
4
89

89
4
7

31
30
32
5
-

7
4
89

38

5
(3)
77
11
4

4

31
15
51
3
-

80
11
2

46
14
36
1
1

50
36
13
1
-

31
15
51

71
11
11

_

-

3

2

47
8
38
2
1

26
4
60
4
4

16

9
2
86
3

56
1
35
1
2

34
8
48
4
2

4

52

31
5
47
4
8
-

24
2
37
3
29
2
(3 )

1

16

_
77
23
-

50
36
13
1
-

24
2
47
5
19
(3 )

_
52
27
18
-

50
15
29
2
1

-

-

“

-

-

2

_

100

-

-

-

80
3

82
10
4

_
100

-

-

-

3
60
7
23
2
1

-

2

96

-

-

-

-

-

62
-

38

4

-

-

-

76
-

20
4

_

_

-

55
18
12
-

62
7
28
-

33
1
10
-

16

4

52

_

-

-

-

39
1
53
3
-

33
1
10

31
5
43
3
13

-

29
14
41

35

7

-

-

-

“

“

42
6
37
9
1

_
_

-

-

-

-

52

61
10
21
3

7
5
84
-

4

4

-

10
38
-

27

-

85
-

3

Table 28.

Paid Vacations— Continued

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n a n d o f fic e w o r k e r s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a id v a c a t i o n a f t e r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
of s e r v i c e , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)
V a c a tio n p o l ic y

U n ite d
S ta te s 1

N ew
E n g la n d

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
96
4

100
100

99
94
5
1

M id d le
A tl a n t i c

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

G reat
L akes

P a c if i c

100

100

100

100
100

99
86
13
1

100
97
3

69
3
27
-

76
_
24
-

41
13
46

40
4
57

S o u th w e s t

O ffic e w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p a id v a c a t i o n s -----------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t -----------------------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g no p a id v a c a t i o n s -------

99
95
5
(3 )

-

-

-

A m o u n t of v a c a tio n p a y 2
A fte r 1 y e a r of s e rv ic e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------- -------------------1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e rv ic e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e rv ic e :
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 4 y e a rs of s e rv ic e :
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 5 y e a rs of s e rv ic e :
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e : 4
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(3 )
66
1
32
(3 )
1
(3 )
46
5
47
(3 )
1

40

72

-

-

60

28

65
35

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
24
76

_
55
8
37

.
47
5
49

-

-

-

33
9
57
(3 )
1

16
5
79

18
15
66

46
6
49

-

-

30
8
57
4
1

16
5
79

18
15
66

-

-

15
2
77
4
1
1

6

-

6
4
90

-

24
20
54
1
-

45
6
25
24
-

34
3
59
(3 )
3

66
3
31

24
16
58
1
-

6
4
90

15

27
4
65
(3 )

33

7
(3 )
88
2
3
-

6
4
83

5
73
4
16
1
-

6
31

-

-

-

14
59
3
23
(3 )
1

6
75

12
50

19

1
61
9
29

-

-

-

14
47
1
36
(3 )
1

6
38
5
51
"

-

17
-

-

-

.
83

-

66
3
31

94

-

(3 )
45
2
48
(3 )
3

82
14
-

44
3
49
(3 )
3

3
2
95

-

(3 )
61
(3 )
35
(3 )
3

-

60
24
“

3

-

-

-

67
-

33
67

38

27
58
2
9

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

1
39
1
59
1
"

12
50

27
51
(3 )
18

33
57

-

-

39

_

_

11

-

-

-

“

3

“

5
53
(3 )
38
1
2

-

-

-

_

8
-

_

63
-

6
31
_

61
-

2

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 V a c a tio n p a y m e n t s , s u c h a s p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s , w e r e c o n v e r te d to a n e q u iv a l e n t t im e b a s i s . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a te d a t 10 y e a r s m a y in c lu d e c h a n g e s o c c u r r i n g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
* L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
4 V a c a tio n p r o v i s i o n s w e r e v i r t u a l l y th e s a m e a f t e r l o n g e r p e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s .




Table 29-

Health, Insurance, and Retirement Plans

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n a n d o f fic e w o r k e r s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith s p e c i f ie d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s ,
U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)
U n ite d
N ew
M id d le
S ta te s 2 E n g la n d A tla n tic

T y p e o f p la n 1

A11 w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

B o rd e r
S o u th ­
S o u th ­
S ta te s
east
w est
P r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s

100

100

100

100

91
51
40
62
40
22
65
63
32
30
1
4
91
44
47
91
44
47
68
34
35
39
16
24

90
51
40
85
51
34
76
76
42
34
96
38
58
96
38
58
95
36
58
50
13
37

90
62
29
63
47
16
64
64
42
22
3
93
66
27
93
65
28
50
42
8
19
12
7

98
31
67
35
10
24
86
86
26
61
96
21
74
96
21
74
67
17
50
32
8
24

54
51
3

57
57
-

2

2
4

59
56
3
-

70
69
2
“

100

G reat
L akes

P a c if i c

U n ite d
N ew
M id d le
S t a te s 2 E n g la n d A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S o u th ­
S t a te s
east
O ffic e w o r k e r s

S o u th ­
w est

G re a t
L akes

P a c if i c

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

93
47
46
67
39
28
57
53
20
34
(4)
4 '
91
31
60
91
31
60
66
21
44
40
8
32

74
35
39
29
18
11
47
47
24
23
68
33
34
68
33
34
53
19
34
43
9
34

91
68
23
76
59
17
78
78
61
17
5
95
74
21
95
74
21
75
58
17
37
25
11

78
72
6
69
63
6
42
30
30
2
22
88
72
16
88
72
16
88
72
16
71
60
11

87
46
41
60
37
23
67
59
31
28
23
1
90
45
46
90
44
46
72
35
37
42
20
22

93
48
45
83
43
40
85
79
36
43
34
99
44
56
99
44
56
99
43
56
74
33
41

79
42
36
48
29
19
69
61
36
25
36
90
52
38
90
52
38
52
39
13
25
13
12

91
24
67
46
9
37
89
80
19
60
11
94
23
71
94
23
71
86
19
67
27
8
19

94
41
53
58
32
26
51
39
14
25
17
1
92
32
60
92
32
60
66
21
45
44
12
32

71
40
31
40
28
12
45
37
23
13
19
67
39
27
67
39
27
49
21
27
37
9
27

88
69
19
77
64
13
82
82
67
15
23
3
92
74
17
92
74
17
74
59
15
40
31
9

78
65
13
72
58
13
41
25
20
6
35
83
62
22
83
62
22
83
62
22
74
57
16

55
52
4
5
3

37
37
7

36
30
7
2

65
65
i
i

49
45
4

57
57
1
1

36
29
6
-

77
74
3
“

56
49

32
32
(4 )
26

35
31

37
35

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g —
L ife i n s u r a n c e _____________________ ______________________ __
E m p lo y e r f i n a n c e d ____________________________________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ______________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e ——-----E m p lo y e r f i n a n c e d -------------- --------------------------------------J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d _______________________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r s i c k le a v e o r b o th 3..
S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e
------------------ -------E m p lo y e r f i n a n c e d _________ _ __ _______________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ___ __________________ ___________ _
S ic k l e a v e (fu ll p a y , no w a itin g p e r i o d )
___ _ - S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r w a itin g p e r i o d ) ___________
H o s p i ta l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
E m p lo y e r f i n a n c e d -------- -------------------------------------------J o i n t l y f in a n c e d ------- ------------------------------------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e — ________ — — ---------------------------E m p lo y e r f i n a n c e d __ ____ __
_________ - ------J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ___________________ -______ ____ ________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e __________ ____ ____ ______ _____
E m p lo y e r f i n a n c e d ____________________________________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d -----------------------------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r f in a n c e d —__ __ _____________ ______________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d _______ __ __________ _________ __________
R e tir e m e n t p la n s —
P e n s io n
.
___
______
____ - -------- -------E m p lo y e r f i n a n c e d ________
_________ _____
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ____________________________________
L u m p -s u m p a y m e n t -----------------------------------------------------No p l a n s ____ ____ — ___________ ___________ _____

4

4

22

2
4

4

7
4
2

4

1
6

2

(4 )
3

1 I n c lu d e s o n ly t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . L e g a ll y r e q u i r e d p l a n s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a ti o n a n d s o c i a l s e c u r i t y a r e e x c lu d e d ; p la n s
r e q u i r e d b y S ta te t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s a r e in c lu d e d if th e e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u te s m o r e th a n is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d o r th e e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e d b e n e f i ts in e x c e s s of l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s t h a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

Table 30.

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,

s u m s o f in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

Other Selected Benefits

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n a n d o f fic e w o r k e r s in w o o d h o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t u p h o l s t e r e d , m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r f u n e r a l l e a v e p a y , j u r y d u ty p a y ,
a n d s e v e r a n c e p a y , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , O c to b e r 1968)
U n ite d
N ew
M id d le
S ta te s 2 E n g la n d A tla n tic

T ype of b e n e f i t 1

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith p r o v is i o n s fo r —
F u n e r a l le a v e p a y ___ _
J u r y d u ty p a y
- S e v e ra n c e p ay - - - - - _

-

22
29
2

36
51
“

F o r d e f in itio n o f i t e m s , s e e a p p e n d ix A.
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




47
26

S o u th ­
S o u th ­
B o rd er
east
w est
S t a te s
P r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s

12
31

15
30
2

4
21

G reat
L akes

P a c if i c

U n ite d
S ta te s 2

N ew
M id d le
E n g la n d A tla n tic

B o rd er
S t a te s

S o u th ­
east

S o u th ­
w est

G re a t
L akes

3
14
“

34
33
5

P a c if i c

O ffic e w o r k e r s

42
33
8

“

25
25
4

63
62
17

51
30
“

18
18
"

11
19
4

-

"




Appendix A.

Scope and Method of Survey

Scope of survey

The survey included establishments engaged primarily
in manufacturing wood household furniture (except
upholstered) commonly used in dwellings (SIC 2511 as
defined in the 1967 edition of th q S ta n d a rd In d u stria l
C lassification M anual, prepared by the U.S. Bureau of
the Budget). Manufacturers of wood kitchen cabinets on
a factory basis and camp furniture were included.
Separate auxiliary units such as central offices were
excluded.
The establishments studied were selected from those
employing 20 workers or more at the time of reference
of the data used in compiling the universe lists (unem­
ployment insurance listings compiled by the various
States).
The number of establishments and workers studied
by the Bureau, as well as the number estimated to be in
the industry during the payroll period studied, are
shown in the following table:
Products

The classification of establishments by product was
based on the principal type of furniture manufactured.
For example, if the value of an establishment’s produc­
tion was 60 percent bedroom furniture and 40 percent
dining room and kitchen furniture, all workers in that
establishment were classified under bedroom furniture.
Method of study

Data were obtained by personal visits of the Bureau’s
field staff. The survey was conducted on a sample basis.
To obtain appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a
greater proportion of large than of small establishments
was studied. In combining the data, however, all
establishments were given their appropriate weight. All
estimates are presented, therefore, as relating to all
establishments in the industry, excluding only those
below the minimum size at the time of reference of the
universe data.
Establishment definition

An establishment, for purposes of this study, is
defined as a single physical location where manufactur­




ing operations are performed. An establishment is not
necessarily identical with the company, which may
consist of one or more establishments.
Employment

Estimates of the number of workers within scope of
the study are intended as a general guide to the size and
composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The advance planning necessary to make a wage survey
requires the use of lists of establishments assembled
considerably in advance of the payroll period studied.
Production and office workers

The term “ production workers” as used in this
bulletin, includes working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers engaged in nonoffice functions. Adminis­
trative, executive, professional, and technical personnel,
and force-account construction employees, who were
utilized as a separate work force on the firm’s own
properties, were excluded.
The term “office workers” includes all nonsupervisory office workers and excludes administrative, execu­
tive, professional, and technical employees.
Occupations selected for study

Occupational classification was based on a uniform
set of job descriptions designed to take account of
interestablishment and interarea variations in duties
within the same job. (See appendix B for these descrip­
tions.) The occupations were chosen for their numerical
importance, their usefulness in collective bargaining, or
their representiveness of the entire job scale in the
industry. Working supervisors, apprentices, learners,
beginners, trainees, and handicapped, part-time, tempo­
rary, and probationary workers were not reported in the
data for selected occupations but were included in the
data for all production workers.
Wage data

Information on wages relates to average straight-time
hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime
and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Incentive payments, such as those resulting from piece45

Estimated number o f establishments and workers within scope o f survey and number studied, wood household furniture (except
upholstered) manufacturing industry, October 1968
Number of
establishments3
Region1 and area2

Within
scope
of
study

Studied

United States5 ................................................

1,048

New E n glan d .....................................................................
Gardner, Mass................................................................
Middle Atlantic ................................................................
Jamestown, N.Y............................................................
Border S ta te s .....................................................................
Louisville, Ky.-Ind........................................................
Martinsville, Va. .........................................................
S ou th east............................................................................
Hickory-Statesville, N.C...............................................
Miami and Ft. Lauderdale-Hollywood, Fla...............
Winston-Salem—
High Point, N.C...............................
Southwest ........................................................................
Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla.................................................
Great L ak es.........................................................................
Chicago, 111.....................................................................
Grand Rapids, Mich......................................................
Indiana ........................................................................
Evansville, Ind.-Ky..................................................
P a cific..................................................................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach and AnaheimSanta Ana-Garden Grove, Calif.......................

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Total4

Production
workers

Office
workers

Total

331

149,900

130,779

6,436

84,812

73
21
195
12
72
10
15
256
34
19
37
64
7
235
49
28
74
6
137

30
12
48
10
31
9
9
86
15
10
15
14
5
81
18
15
31
6
37

7,858
2,267
16,186
1,321
20,519
1,816
8,353
56,524
13,353
1,362
9,320
9,482
2,733
26,791
3,492
2,647
12,948
1,729
11,488

6,679
1,883
13,397
1,080
18,250
1,551
7,791
50,680
12,330
1,140
8,155
8,290
2,414
22,768
2,924
2,181
11,199
1,494
9,811

487
167
852
97
1,068
83
210
1,877
260
57
470
356
145
1,242
136
163
505
45
506

4,773
1,881
7,436
1,186
13,574
1,770
5,780
32,511
7,794
874
6,228
5,110
2,213
15,660
1,866
1,994
8,996
1,729
5,229

98

27

6,058

4,998

263

2,615

lrThe regions used in this study include: New England-Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and
Vermont; Middle A tlantic-H ew Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; Border States-Delaware, District of Columbia, Kentucky,
Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia; Southeast—
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and
Tennessee; S ou th w est-Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; Great L a k es-Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and
Wisconsin; and P acific-California, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington. Regional data include areas in addition to those shown
separately.
2For definition o f the selected areas, see footnote 1, tables 10-22.
in clu d es only establishments with 20 workers or more at the time of reference of the universe data.
4Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the production and office worker categories shown
separately.
5Includes data for regions in addition to those shown separately. Alaska and Hawaii were not included in the study.

work or production bonus systems and cost-of-living
bonuses, were included as part of the workers’ regular
pay; but nonproduction bonus payments, such as Christ­
mas or yearend bonuses, were excluded.
Average (mean) hourly rates or earnings for each
occupation or other group of workers, such as produc­
tion workers, were calculated by weighting each rate (or
hourly earnings) by the number of workers receiving the
rate, totaling, and dividing by the number of individuals.
The hourly earnings of salaried workers were obtained
by dividing their straight-time salary by normal rather
than actual hours.
Size of community

Tabulations by size of community pertain to metro­
politan and nonmetropolitan areas. The term “ metro­
46




politan area,” as used in this bulletin, refers to the
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by
the U.S. Bureau of the Budget through January 1968.
Except in New England, a Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Area is defined as a county or group of
contiguous counties which contains at least one city of
50,000 inhabitants or more. Contiguous counties to the
one containing such a city are included in a Standard
Metropolitan Statistical Area, if, according to certain
criteria, they are essentially metropolitan in character
and are socially and economically integrated with the
central city. In New England, where the city and town
are administratively more important than the county,
they are the units used in defining Standard Metro­
politan Statistical Areas.

Labor-management agreements

Separate wage data are presented, where possible, for
establishments w ith ’(1) a majority of the production
workers covered by labor-management contracts, and
(2) none or a minority of the production workers
covered by labor-management contracts.
Method of wage payment

Tabulations by method of wage payment relate to the
number o f workers paid under the various time and
incentive wage systems. Formal rate structures for
time-rated workers provide single rates or a range of
rates for individual job categories. In the absence of a
formal rate structure, pay rates are determined primarily
with reference to the qualifications of the individual
worker. A single rate structure is one in which the same
rate is paid to all experienced workers in the same job
classification. Learners, apprentices, or probationary
workers may be paid according to rate schedules which
start below the single rate and permit the workers to
achieve the full job rate over a period of time. Individual
experienced workers occasionally may be paid above or
below the single rate for special reasons, but such
payments are exceptions. Range of rate plans are those
in which the minimum and/or maximum rates paid
experienced workers for the same job are specified.
Specific rates of individual workers within the range may
be determined by merit, length of service, or a combina­
tion of various concepts of merit and length of service.
Incentive workers are classified under piecework or
bonus plans. Piecework is that for which a predeter­
mined rate is paid for each unit of output. Production
bonuses are based on production in excess of a quota or
for completion of a task in less than standard time.
Scheduled weekly hours

Data on weekly hours refer to the predominant work
schedule for full-time production workers (or office
workers) employed on the day shift, regardless of sex.
Shift provisions

Shift provisions relate to the policies of establishments
either currently operating late shifts or having formal
provisions covering late shift work.
Supplementary wage provisions

Supplementary benefits were treated statistically on
the basis that if formal provisions were applicable to half
or more of the production workers (or office workers) in
an establishment, the benefits were considered applica­
ble to all such workers. Similarly, if fewer than half of
the workers were covered, the benefit was considered




nonexistent in the establishment. Because of length-ofservice and other eligibility requirements, the proportion
of workers receiving the benefits may be smaller than
estimated.
P aid h olidays. Paid holiday provisions relate to
full-day and half-day holidays provided annually.
P a id vacations. The summaries of vacation plans are
limited to formal arrangements, excluding informal plans
whereby time off with pay is granted at the discretion of
the employer or the supervisor. Payments not on a time
basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2
percent of annual earnings was considered the equivalent
of 1 week’s pay. The periods of service for which data
are presented represent the most common practices, but
they do not necessarily reflect individual establishment
provisions for progression. For example, the changes in
proportions indicated at 10 years of service may include
changes which occurred between 5 and 10 years.
H ealth, insurance, a n d re tire m e n t plans. Data are
presented for health, insurance, pension, and lump-sum
retirement plans for which all or a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excluding programs required by
law such as workmen’s compensation and social security.
Among the plans included are those underwritten by a
commercial insurance company, and those paid directly
by the employer from his current operating funds or
from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life
insurance. Sickness and accident insurance is limited to
that type of insurance under which predetermined cash
payments are made directly to the insured on a weekly
or monthly basis during illness or accident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes at least a part of the cost.
However, in New York and New Jersey, where tempo­
rary disability insurance laws require employer contribu­
tions,1 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required or (2) provides the
employees with benefits which exceed the requirements
of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are limited to
formal plans which provide full pay or a proportion of
the worker’s pay during absence from work because of
illness; informal arrangements have been omitted. Sepa­
rate tabulations are provided according to (1) plans
which provide full pay and no waiting period, and
(2) plans providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for com­
plete or partial payment of doctors’ fees. Such plans
may be underwritten by a commercial insurance com­
p il e temporary disability insurance laws in California and
Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.
47

pany or a nonprofit organization, or they may be a form
of self-insurance.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as
extended medical insurance, includes the plans designed
to cover employees in case of sickness or injury involving
an expense which exceeds the normal coverage of
hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Tabulations of retirement pensions are limited to
plans which provide, on retirement, regular payments for
the remainder of the worker’s life. Data are presented
separately for lump-sum retirement pay (one payment or
several over a specified period of time) made to
employees on retirement. Establishments providing both
lump-sum payments and pensions to employees on
retirement were considered as having both retirement

48




pension and lump-sum retirement pay. Establishments
having optional plans providing employees a choice of
either lump-sum retirement payments or pensions were
considered as having only retirement pension benefits.
P aid fu n era l an d ju r y -d u ty leave. Tabulations of paid
funeral and jury-duty leave relate to formal plans which
provide at least partial payment for time lost as a result
of attending funerals of specified family members or
serving as a juror.
Severan ce p a y. Severance pay includes allowances
given to employees permanently separated as a result of
force reduction arising out of the introduction of new
equipment or from department or unit closing. It does
not include lump-sum payments made at retirement.

A ppendix B.

O ccupational D escriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys
is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are
employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from
establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits the grouping of
occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this
emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational
content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these
job descriptions, the Bureau’s field staff is instructed to exclude working
supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, and handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Plant Occupations
ASSEMBLER, FURNITURE (EXCEPT CHAIRS)

(Bed assembler; table assembler; cabinet assembler;
back maker; frame maker)

For wage study purposes, furniture assemblers are
classified according to type of assembly work, as
follows:
C o m p le te

Assembles and fastens together wooden parts or
assemblies to form sections, frames, or complete articles
of furniture (except chairs). Work involves m o s t o f th e
fo llo w in g : Trimming joints to fit, using handtools;
applying glue to joints or edges of stock and putting
parts or sections together; placing assembled parts in
clamp until glue has dried or reinforcing joints with
dowels, screws, staples, or nails; and attaching glue
blocks, corner blocks, drawer guides, top molding,
shelves, dust bottoms, or skids with nails, screws, glue or
staples. May also drill holes and attach parts of drawer
locks. This classification exclu des: (1) Cabinetmakers
who, in addition to assembling furniture, are responsible
for shaping wood parts from rough stock; (2) workers
assembling relatively inexpensive furniture that is nailed
or glued together and sold unfinished; and (3) workers
who specialize in attaching parts such as doors, hinges,
knobs, skids, and baffle screens, in fitting drawers,
doors, and trays into furniture, or in assembling small
parts such as desk trays, card file boxes, and display
pedestals.




fu rn itu re

p ie c e s

(case

go o d s).

Workers engaged in final assembly of bodies
(cases) for articles of furniture such as bookcases;
chests; radio, television, and phonograph cabinets;
and vanities, from wood parts and/or subassem­
blies.
C o m p lete fu rn itu re p ie ce s (o th e r than case
g o o d s). Workers engaged in assembling complete

articles of furniture (other than case goods), such
as tables, beds, and occasional pieces, from wood
parts and/or subassemblies.
S ubassem blies. Workers engaged in assembling
subassemblies, which will later be used in complete
articles of furniture, from wood parts and/or other
subassemblies.
ASSEMBLER, CHAIRS

(Chair maker)
Assembles shaped and fitted wooden parts to form
plain or semiupholstered chairs. Work involves gluing,
nailing, screwing, or clamping the parts together.
49

For wage study purposes, workers are classified
according to the type of chair assembled:
L aw n o r o u td o o r chairs
O th er than lawn o r o u td o o r chairs

CUT-OFF-SAW OPERATOR

(Cut-off-saw operator, treadle operated; swinging-cut­
off-saw operator)
Operates a swinging or treadle-operated cut-off-saw to
cut wooden stock to desired lengths; grades and cuts
stock to best advantage, eliminating knots and other
defects.
DOUBLE-END-TRIMMER
OPERATOR

AND

BORING-MACHINE

Sets up and operates machine to trim or miter ends of
wooden furniture parts and bore holes for dowels. Work
involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Inserting bits in chucks
and tightening chuck jaws; setting angle and spacing of
circular saws according to specifications; attaching
holders, jigs or stops to table and adjusting clamps;
starting automatic trimming and boring cycle and
positioning stock under clamps where it is held during
trimming and boring operations.
GLUER, ROUGH STOCK

(Clamp-carrier operator; glue-clamp-machine oper­
ator; glue-press operator; glue-rack operator; gluewheel operator; glueman; revolving-press operator;
rotary-clamp operator; squeezer operator)
Applies glue to edges or surfaces of wooden pieces to
be joined; assembles and clamps the glued boards into a
press until the glue has set or hardened. May also prepare
glue.

MOLDING-MACHINE OPERATOR

(Molder operator; molding maker, machine; wood­
molding-machine operator)
Operates a machine that planes wooden boards or
strips on all sides and shapes item to required cross
section. For wage survey purposes, workers are classified
as follows:
S e t u p a n d o p e ra te
F e e d o n ly

OFF-BEARER, MACHINE

(Catcher; machine tailer; tailer)
Catches or receives wooden parts as they come off
the discharge end of a machine; piles products or loads
materials on conveyor or truck for transfer elsewhere.
PACKER, FURNITURE

(Crater)
Prepares furniture or furniture parts for shipment.
Performs m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Placing units in wooden
crates or corrugated cardboard cartons; arranging pack­
ing material around articles; sealing shipping containers
with nails or tape; placing identifying marks or labels on
containers; nailing blocks or wooden strips in crates to
prevent shifting of articles; and building crates around
very large pieces.
This classification does not include workers who
make crates or crate parts but do not prepare furniture
for shipment, or who specialize in wrapping furniture
parts for shipment.
PLANER OPERATOR

(Facer operator; planer; surface operator; woodplaner operator)

MAINTENANCE MAN, GENERAL U T IL IT Y

Keeps in repair the machines, mechanical equipment
and/or structure of an establishment (usually a small
plant where specialization in maintenance work is
impractical). Duties involve the performance of opera­
tions and the use of tools and equipment of several
trades rather than specialization in one trade or one type
of maintenance work only. Work involves a co m b in a tio n
o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work
relating to repair of buildings, machines, mechanical
and/or electrical equipment; repairing electrical equip­
ment; repairing electrical and/or mechanical equipment;
installing, alining, and balancing new equipment; repair­
ing buildings, floors or stairs as well as making and
repairing bins, cribs, and partitions.
50



Operates a single- or double-surface planer to level off
irregularities and cut a smooth surface on rough stock,
reducing it to specified thickness. For wage survey
purposes, workers are classified as follows:
S e t u p a n d o p e ra te
F e e d o n ly

PLASTIC-TOP INSTALLER

Installs laminated plastic tops on furniture such as
cabinets, counters, tables, and desks. Work involves m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : Applying adhesive to surface of
furniture; positioning plastic top on adhesive-coated
section of furniture; smoothing and pressing top onto
surface ; and trimming and smoothing edges of top. May

also clean laminated plastic, attach edge molding and
trim to edge, cut plastic parts to size and shape, or
attach clamp to hold laminated plastic until adhesive
sets.

machines. For wage survey purposes, workers are classi­
fied by type of machine as follows:
B e lt
O th er than b e lt

SHAPER OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC
RIP-SAW OPERATOR

(Sizer operator, automatic)

(Band-rip-saw operator; circular-rip-saw operator)
Operates a rip-sawing machine to cut lumber with the
grain to specified widths, feeding each piece into roller,
adjusting roller speed according to hardness of wood.

ROUTER OPERATOR

(Router; router-machine operator)
Cuts and shapes various designs in wooden stock by
machine. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Clamps
and tightens bit in chuck of machine; inserts guide pin
hole of machine table; places groove of jig over pin and
adjusts table for depth of cut and sets table stops; starts
machine and feeds stock. For wage survey purposes,
workers are classified as follows:
S e t u p a n d o p era te
F e e d o n ly

RUBBER, FURNITURE

(Burnisher; polisher)
Rubs surface of furniture after each coat of dry finish
(stain, priming coat, varnish, or lacquer) has been
applied to smooth surfaces for successive coats. For
wage survey purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R u b b er, fu rn itu re, h a n d
R u b b er, fu rn itu re, m achine

Operates a machine to form quantities of like,
irregularly shaped wooden furniture parts from roughly
shaped blanks. For wage survey purposes, workers are
classified as follows:
S e t u p a n d o p era te. Selects and installs proper
cutters on spindles; sets and locks pattern in place;
sets stops and clamps to hold blank properly in bed
of machine; lays blank over pattern and starts
machine.
F e e d o n ly . Feeds stock into machine.
SHAPER OPERATOR, HAND

(Detail-shaper operator; frazer-machine operator;
shaping-machine operator; variety-molder operator;
wood-shaping operator)
Operates a hand-shaping machine to cut designs of
irregular shape in the surface of straight, curved, or
irregular shaped pieces of wood by feeding stock against
rotating blocks, using template or free hand manipula­
tion to produce shape desired. For wage survey pur­
poses, workers are classified as follows:
S e t u p a n d o p e ra te
F e e d o n ly

SPRAYER

(Spray painter)
Applies paint, varnish, lacquer, enamel, or other
finishes to surfaces of manufactured products for protec­
tive or decorative purposes, with a spray gun.

SANDER, FURNITURE, HAND

Smooths by hand the surfaces of wooden furniture
parts before application of finishing materials. Work
involves using sand or emery paper, steel wool, and so
forth. May also use portable sanding machine to com­
plete certain phases of work.

SANDER, FURNITURE, MACHINE

Smooths and finishes the edges and surfaces of wood
furniture parts and sections on stationary sanding




TENONER OPERATOR

(Saw-and-chuck-machine operator; double-tenonermachine operator; single-end-tenoner operator; tenonmachine operator)
Operates a machine that cuts tenons on wooden parts
for assembling into complete units. For wage survey
purposes, workers are classified as follows:
S e t u p a n d o p e ra te
F e e d o n ly

51

Office Occupations

CLERK, GENERAL

Is typically required to perform a variety of office
operations, usually because of impracticability of
specialization in a small office or because versatility is
essential in meeting peak requirements in larger offices.
The work generally involves the use of independent
judgment in tending to a pattern of office work from
day to day, as well as knowledge relating to phases of
office work that occur only occasionally. For example,
the range of operations performed may entail all o r so m e
co m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : Answering correspond­
ence, preparing bills and invoices, posting to various
records, preparing payrolls, filing, etc. May operate
various office machines and type as the work requires.
CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters
the necessary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve:
Calculating workers’ earnings based on time or produc­
tion records; posting calculated data on payroll sheet,
showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, time, wage rate, deductions for insurance, and
total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist
paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation, involving a normal
routine vocabulary, from one or more persons either in

52



shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine; and
transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.
May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform
other relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from
a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribingmachine work.
TYPIST

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material
or to make out bills after calculations have been made
by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats,
or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May
do clerical work involving little special training such as
keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o llo w ­
ing: Typing material in final form when it involves
combining material from several sources o r respon­
sibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctua­
tion, and so forth; of technical or unusual words
or foreign language material; and planning layout
and typing of complicated statistical tables to
maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May
type routine form letters varying details to suit
circumstances.
Class B. Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o llo w ­
ing: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of forms, insurance policies, and so
forth; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying more complex tables already set up and
spaced properly.

Industry W age Studies

The most recent reports for industries included in the Bureau’s program of industry wage surveys since
January 1950 are listed below. Those for which a price is shown are available from the Superintendent of Docu­
ments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or any of its regional sales offices. Those for
which a price is not shown may be obtained free as long as a supply is available, from the Bureau of Labor
Statistics, Washington, D.C., 20212, or from any of the regional offices shown on the inside back cover.
I.

Occupational Wage Studies
M anufacturing

Basic Iron and Steel, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1602 (55 cents).
Candy and Other Confectionery Products, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1520 (30 cents).
*Canning and Freezing, 1957. BLS Report 136.
Cigar Manufacturing, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1581 (25 cents).
Cigarette Manufacturing, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1472 (20 cents).
Cotton and Man-Made Fiber Textiles, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1637 ($1).
Distilled Liquors, 1952. Series 2, No. 88.
Fabricated Structural Steel, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1463 (30 cents).
Fertilizer Manufacturing, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1531 (30 cents).
Flour and Other Grain Mill Products, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1576 (25 cents).
Fluid Milk Industry, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1464 (30 cents).
Footwear, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1634 (75 cents).
Hosiery, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1562 (70 cents).
Industrial Chemicals, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1529 (40 cents).
Iron and Steel Foundries, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1626 ($1).
Leather Tanning and Finishing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1618 (55 cents).
Machinery Manufacturing, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1563 (70 cents).
Meat Products, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1415 (75 cents).
Men’s and Boys’ Shirts (Except Work Shirts) and Nightwear, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1659 (65 cents).
Men’s and Boys’ Suits and Coats, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1594 (75 cents).
Miscellaneous Plastics Products, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1439 (35 cents).
Miscellaneous Textiles, 1953. BLS Report 56.
Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Parts, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1393 (45 cents).
Nonferrous Foundries, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1498 (40 cents).
Paints and Varnishes, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1524 (40 cents).
Paperboard Containers and Boxes, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1478 (70 cents).
Petroleum Refining, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1526 (30 cents).
Pressed or Blown Glass and Glassware, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1424 (30 cents).
*Processed Waste, 1957. BLS Report 124.
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1608 (60 cents).
Radio, Television, and Related Products, 1951. Series 2, No. 84.
Railroad Cars, 1952. Series 2, No. 86.
*Raw Sugar, 1957. BLS Report 136.
Southern Sawmills and Planing Mills, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1519 (30 cents).
Structural Clay Products, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1459 (45 cents).
Synthetic Fibers, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1540 (30 cents).
Synthetic Textiles, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1509 (40 cents).
* Studies of the effects o f the $1 minimum wage.



I.

Occupational Wage Studies— Continued
M an ufacturin g— Con tin u ed

Textile Dyeing and Finishing, 1965—
66. BLS Bulletin 1527 (45 cents).
*Tobacco Stemming and Redrying, 1967. BLS Report 136.
West Coast Sawmilling, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1455 (30 cents).
Women’s and Misses’ Coats and Suits, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1508 (25 cents).
Women’s and Misses’ Dresses, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1649 (45 cents).
Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1496 (40 cents).
*Wooden Containers, 1957. BLS Report 126.
Wool Textiles, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1551 (45 cents).
Work Clothing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1624 (50 cents).
N o n m an u factu rin g

Auto Dealer Repair Shops, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1452 (30 cents).
Banking, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1466 (30 cents).
Bituminous Coal Mining, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1583 (50 cents).
Communications, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1615 (30 cents).
Contract Cleaning Services, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1644 (55 cents).
Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas Production, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1566 (30 cents).
Department and Women’s Ready-to-Wear Stores, 1950. Series 2, No. 78.
Eating and Drinking Places, 1966—
67. BLS Bulletin 1588 (40 cents).
Electric and Gas Utilities, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1614 (70 cents).
Hospitals, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1553 (70 cents).
Hotels and Motels, 1966—
67. BLS Bulletin 1587 (40 cents).
Laundry and Cleaning Services, 1967—
68. BLS Bulletin 1645 (75 cents).
Life Insurance, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1569 (30 cents).
Motion Picture Theaters, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1542 (35 cents).
Nursing Homes and Related Facilities, 1967—
68. BLS Bulletin 1638 (75 cents).
II.

Other Industry Wage Studies

Factory Workers’ Earnings— Distribution by Straight-Time Hourly Earnings, 1958. BLS Bulletin 1252 (40 cents).
Factory Workers’ Earnings— Selected Manufacturing Industries, 1959. BLS Bulletin 1275 (35 cents).
Employee Earnings and Hours in Nonmetropolitan Areas of the South and North Central Regions, 1965.
BLS Bulletin 1552 (50 cents).
Employee Earnings and Hours in Eight Metropolitan Areas of the South, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1533 (40 cents).
Employee Earnings and Hours in Retail Trade, June 1966—
Retail Trade (Overall Summary). BLS Bulletin 1584 ($1).
Building Materials, Hardware, and Farm Equipment Dealers. BLS Bulletin 1584-1 (30 cents).
General Merchandise Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-2 (55 cents).
Food Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-3 (60 cents).
Automotive Dealers and Gasoline Service Stations. BLS Bulletin 1584-4 (50 cents).
Apparel and Accessory Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-5 (55 cents).
Furniture, Home Furnishings, and Household Appliance Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-6 (50 cents).
Miscellaneous Retail Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-7 (65 cents).

Studies of the effects of the $1 minimum wage.



* u. S.

GOVERNMENT PRINTING O F FIC E : 1970 O - 387-862

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REGION VI

PUERTO RICO

R egion II
R eg io n I
341 N inth Ave.
1603-B F ederal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
G overnm ent C enter
Phone: 971-5405 (A rea Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (A rea Code 617)

R egion III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 F ilbert St.
P h ila d elp h ia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 59 7 -7 7 9 6 (A rea Code 215)

R eg io n IV
Suite 540
1371 P each tree St. NE.
A tla n ta , Ga. 30309
Phone: 5 2 6-5418 (A rea Code 404)

R egion VI
R eg io n V
337 M ayflow er Building
219 South D earborn St.
C h icag o, 111. 60604
411 N orth A kard St.
D aUas, T ex. 75201
Phone: 353- 7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (A rea Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
F ed eral O ffice Building
911 W alnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas C ity, Mo. 64106
Phone: 3 7 4 - 2 4 8 1 (Area Code 816)

R egions IX an d X
450 G olden G ate A ve.
Box 36017
San F rancisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 55 6 -4 6 7 8 (Area Code 415)

Regions VII and VIII w ill be serviced by Kansas C ity.
Regions IX and X w ill be Serviced by San Francisco.




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
O FFICIAL BUSINESS




TH IR D CLASS M AIL