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Dayton & Montgomery Co.
Public Library

JUL2 5 1966
DO
CUM CO
ENT
LLECTIO
N

INDUSTRY WAGE SURVEY




W o o d H o u s e h o ld F u rIn i t u r e ,
E x c e p t U p h o ls te re d
I

M A Y -J U N E 1965

Bulletin No. 1496
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

W
ag




INDUSTRY WAGE SURVEY

W ood Household Furniture,
Except Upholstered
MAY-JUNE 1965

Bulletin No. 1496
May 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 4 0 cents










Preface

This bulletin summarizes the results of a Bure.au.
of Labor Statistics survey of wages and supplementary
benefits in the nonupholstered wood household furniture
manufacturing industry in Mayr-June 1965.
Separate releases were issued earlier, usually
within a few months of the payroll period studied, as fol­
lows: Chicago, 111.; Evansville, Ind.—
Ky.; Fort Smith, Ark.;
Gardner, Mass.; Grand Rapids, Mich.; Hickory—
Statesville,
N.C.; Indiana; Jamestown, N.Y.; Los Angeles—
Long Beach,
Calif.; Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.; Martinsville, Va.; Miami and
Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood, Fla.; and Winston-Salem—
High
Point, N.C. Copies of these releases are available from
the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C., 20212,
or any of its regional offices.
This study was conducted in the Bureau's Division
of Occupational Pay, Toivo P. Kanninen, Chief, under the
general direction of L. R. Linsenmayer, Assistant Com­
missioner, Office of Wages and Industrial Relations. The
analysis was prepared by Frederick L. Bauer, under the
immediate supervision of L. Earl Lewis. Field work for
the survey was directed by the Assistant Regional Direc­
tors for Wages and Industrial Relations.
Other reports available from the Bureau's pro­
gram of industry wage studies, as well as the addresses
of the Bureau's six regional offices, are listed at the end
of this bulletin.

m




Page
Sum m ary______________________________________________________________________________
Industry ch aracteristics--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Economic and employment trends_______________________________________________
Location___________________________________________________________________________
Products------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Establishment s i z e ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Union contract coverage---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Method of wage payment_________________________________________________________
Average hourly earnings--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Occupational earnings------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions____________________
Scheduled weekly h ou rs__________________________________________________________
Overtime premium pay___________________________________________________________
Shift differential provisions______________________________________________________
Paid holidays______________________________________________________________________
Paid vacations____________________________________ -_______________________________
Health, insurance, and pension plans___________________________________________

1
1
1
2
2
2
2
3
3
5
7
7
7
7
7
7
8

Tables:
Average hourly earnings:
1. By selected ch aracteristics______________________________________________

9

Earnings distribution:
2. A ll production w o rk ers___________________________________________________

10

Occupational averages:
3. A ll establishm ents_________________________________________________________
4. By size of community_____________________________________________________
5. By size of establishment__________________________________________________
6. By labor-management contractcoverage-------------------------------------------------7. By labor-management contract coverage and
size of community________________________________________________________
8. By labor-management contract coverage and
size of establishment-------------------------------------------------------------------------------9. By method of wage payment______________________________________________

21
23

Occupational earnings:
10. Chicago, 111________________________________________________________________
11. Evansville, Ind.—
Ky________________________________
12. Fort Smith, A r k ___________________________________________________________
13. Gardner, M ass_____________________________________________________________
14. Grand Rapids, M ich-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------15. Hickory—
Statesville, N .C ---------------------------------------------------------------------------16. Indiana______________________________________________________________________
17. Jamestown, N .Y -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------18. Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif---------------------------------------------------------------19. Louisville, Ky.—
Ind------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20. M artinsville, Va___________________________________________________________
21. Miami and Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood, F la -----------------------------------------22. Winston-Salem—
High Point, N .C ---------------------------------------------------------------

25
27
28
29
31
33
34
36
38
39
40
41
42




v

11
13
15
17
19

Contents— Continued
Page
Tables— Continued
Occupational wage relationships:
23. Selected a r e a s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

43

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
24. Method of wage payment_________________________________________________
25. Scheduled weekly h o u rs__________________________________________________
26. Overtime premium pay___________________________________________________
27. Shift differential provisions______________________________________________
28. Paid holidays______________________________________________________________
29. Paid vacations____________________________________________________________
30. Health, insurance, and pension plans___________________________________

44
45
46
47
48
49
51

Appendixes:
A. Scope and method of survey__________________________________________________
B. Occupational descriptions____________________________________________________




vi

53
57

Industry Wage Survey
W ood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered, May—
June .1965
Summary
Straight-time hourly earnings of production workers in the nonupholstered
wood household furniture industry averaged $ 1.71 in May—
June 1965. The average
was nearly 9 percent more than in July 1962 when the Bureau conducted a sim i­
lar survey. Ninety-eight percent of the 120, 000 workers covered by the current
survey1 earned between $ 1 .2 5 and $ 3 an hour, with the middle half earning
between $ 1.40 and $ 1.92. At the lower end of the earnings array, 8 percent of
the workers earned less than $ 1.30 and 39 percent earned less than $ 1.50.
Regionally, average earnings of all workers ranged from $ 2.56 an hour
in the Pacific to $ 1.46 in the Southwest.2 Workers in the numerically important
Southeast region averaged $ 1.50 an hour. Among the areas of industry concen­
tration that were studied separately, average hourly earnings ranged from $ 2.64
in Los Angeles—
Long Beach to $ 1.50 in M artinsville, Va.
Industry Characteristics
Economic and Employment Trends. The survey covered a period of
generally favorable business conditions for the industry. Officials of many of
the establishments visited— particularly those in the Southeast region— stated that
there was a strong market for their products. Several companies had recently
increased the length of the workweek in an effort to fill large backlogs of customer
orders. Some employers, particularly in the Southeast, indicated that they were
having difficulty in obtaining workers at all skill levels.
Several of the establishments visited identified the types of technological
improvements that had been made recently.
Among these were the instal­
lation of machines that automatically apply glue and electronically bond the
wood— thereby eliminating the need for rough stock gluers, automatic sanding
machines and off-bearing devices, and the use of new finishes which do not
require rubbing. The use of plastics materials as a wood substitute also appeared
to be increasing.
These m aterials— high pressure laminates— involve special
tools and handling.
Establishments within scope of the survey (primarily engaged in manu­
facturing nonupholstered wood household furniture and having 20 workers or more)
employed 120, 000 production and related workers in May—
June 1965, compared
with 106, 000 in July 1962, when a similar survey was conducted by the Bureau.3
This reflects a gradual increase in employment over the 3-year period. In each
of the 3 years, employment during the months of May, June, and July were about
the same and a few thousand less than the peak employment which is reached
during the last quarter of the year.

1 See appendix A for scope and method of survey.
2 For definition of regions, see footnote 1 in appendix A table.
3 For results of the earlier survey, see Industry Wage Survey? Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered,
July 1962 (BLS Bulletin 1369, 1963).




1

2
During both survey periods, men accounted for approximately nine-tenths
of the employment. The distribution of employment among regions also remained
virtually the same between 1962 and 1965.
Location. Approximately two-fifths of the production workers covered
by the current survey were in the Southeast region, with important concentrations
in the HickoryHStatesville, N .C ., and Winston-Salem—
High Point, N .C ., areas.
One-sixth of the workers were in the Great Lakes region, with Indiana accounting
for nearly half of this employment. The Border and Middle Atlantic regions each
employed about one-eighth of the industry's work force. Among the areas studied
separately, the largest numbers of workers were in the two Southeast areas
previously mentioned and in M artinsville, V a., and Los Angeles—
Long Beach.
Metropolitan areas accounted for about two-fifths of the employees
covered by the study. More than four-fifths of the workers in the Pacific region
and three-fifths in the Southwest were employed in metropolitan areas; in the
other regions, the proportions were approximately a third in the Border States
and Great Lakes and about a fourth in New England and the Southeast.
Products. Bedroom furniture was the principal product of establishments
employing a majority of the workers in the Border, Southeast, and Southwest
regions and two-fifths of the workers in the Pacific region. One-third of the
workers in the Great Lakes region were in establishments prim arily engaged in
manufacturing radio, television, and phonograph cabinets and one-fourth in plants
producing other living room, library, sunroom, and hall furniture; substantial
proportions were in establishments manufacturing dining room and kitchen (except
cabinets) furniture, kitchen cabinets, and bedroom furniture.
Three-tenths of
the workers in the Middle Atlantic region were in establishments prim arily
producing kitchen cabinets, with most of the remainder about equally distributed
among establishments manufacturing radio, television, and phonograph cabinets;
other living room, library, sunroom, and hall furniture; dining room and kitchen
furniture (except cabinets); bedroom furniture; and outdoor and unpainted furni­
ture. The most common principal product in New England was dining room and
kitchen (except cabinets) furniture. Nationwide, three-fifths of the workers were
in establishments producing more than one major type of furniture. Frequently,
establishments* prim arily manufacturing bedroom furniture also made dining room
furniture.
Establishment Size. Only 12 of the 1, 005 plants within scope of the
survey employed as many as 1, 000 workers, and only 49 as many as 500.
Two-fifths employed fewer than 50 workers; nearly one-fourth, 50 but fewer
than 100; another fifth, 100 but fewer than 250; and nearly one-tenth, 250 but
fewer than 500. Plants with fewer than 250 workers accounted for four-fifths
of the employment in the Middle Atlantic region, three-fourths in the Pacific,
two-thirds in New England, three-fifths in the Great Lakes, between two-fifths
and one-half in the Southwest, three-tenths in the Southeast, and one-fifth in
the Border States.
Union Contract Coverage. Establishments with union contracts covering
a majority of their production workers employed slightly more than one-third of
the industry's work force.
The proportion of workers in such establishments
was substantially lower in the Border, Southeast, and Southwest than in the other
regions. Regional proportions by establishment size are provided in the tabulation
on the following page.




3

Percent of production workers in establishments with
union agreements by region and establishment size-—
_____ Establishments employing—
AH
establishments

20-249
workers

250 workers
or more

United States---------------

35-39

40-44

25—
29

New England---------------------Middle Atlantic----------------Border ------------------------ -----Southeast--------------------------Southwest------------------- -----Great Lakes----------------- -----Pacific------------------------ ------

50-54
65-69
15—19
10-14
35-39
55-59
65-69

50-54
65-69
10-14
10-14

55-59
60-64
15-19
10-14
45-49
65-69

(M
45-49
70-74

(M

1 Insufficient data to warrant presentation.

The United Furniture Workers and the United Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners were the major unions in the industry.
The Upholsterers* Inter­
national Union also had contracts covering a significant proportion of the produc­
tion workers.
Method of Wage Payment. Slightly more than four-fifths of the production
workers were paid time rates, usually determined on the basis of the workers*
qualifications. (See table 24.) The proportions of workers paid on an incentive
basis were: less than one-tenth in the Southeast and Pacific regions, one-eighth
in the Border States, and between one-fourth and two-fifths in the remaining
regions.
Average Hourly Earnings
Straight-time earnings of the production and related workers covered
by the survey averaged $ 1.71 an hour in May—
June 1965, compared with $ 1.57
in July 1962 when the Bureau conducted a similar survey of the industry* s wage
structure.4 Part of this 9-percent increase appears to be due to an increase in
the Federal minimum wage from $ 1 .1 5 to $ 1 .2 5 an hour, effective September 3,
1963. Other factors including general wage increases granted during the 3-year
period, however, were equally or more important.
Thus, the increase in the
Great Lakes region, where only 7 percent of the workers earned less than $ 1.25
in July 1962, was about the same (12 percent) as the increase in the Southeast
region where 31 percent earned less than this amount at the time of the earlier
survey.
4
The straight-time average hourly earnings in this bulletin differ in concept from the gross average hourly
earnings published in the Bureau's monthly hours and earnings series ($1.84 in June 1965). Unlike the latter, the
estimates presented here exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Average earnings were calculated by summing individual hourly earnings and dividing by the number of individuals;
in the monthly series, the sum of the man-hour totals reported by establishments in the industry was divided into the
reported payroll totals.
The estimate of the number of production workers within scope of the study is intended only as a general guide
to the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. It differs from the number published in the
monthly series (143,300 in June 1965) by the exclusion of establishments employing fewer than 20 workers and because
the advance planning necessary to make the survey requires the use of lists of establishments assembled considerably
in advance of data collection. Thus, establishments new to the industry are omitted, as are establishments originally
classified in the nonupholstered wood household furniture industry but found to be in other industries at the time of
the survey. Also omitted are establishments manufacturing nonupholstered wood household furniture, but classified
incorrectly in other industries at the time the lists were compiled.




4
Workers in the Southeast region averaged $ 1.50 an hour in May—
June
1965— about midway between the averages recorded for the Border States ($ 1.55)
and Southwest region ($ 1.46). Nearly identical averages were reported for the
Great Lakes and Middle Atlantic regions— $ 1.93 and $ 1.91, respectively.
The
average for workers in the Pacific region^ ($ 2.56) was nearly 50 percent above
the national average.
Nationally, men averaged $ 1 . 7 3 ' an hour, compared with $ 1 .5 5 for
women. Men accounted for nine-tenths of the workers or more in 4 of the
7 regions for which separate data are provided and for four-fifths of the work­
ers in the Great Lakes, New England, and Southwest regions. Earnings of
men and women were only 5 cents apart in the Southwest region. In all other
regions, men*s earnings averaged substantially more than those for women,
ranging from about 10 percent in the Border States and Southeast to slightly
more than 20 percent in the New England and Pacific regions. Differences in
average pay levels for men and women may be the result of several factors
including variations in the distribution of the sexes among establishments and
among jobs with divergent pay levels.
Workers in metropolitan a r e a s 5 averaged 24 cents an hour more than
workers in the sm aller communities.
This relationship, however, was not
consistent among the regions.
In both the New England and Southwest regions,
workers in smaller communities averaged a few cents an hour more than those
in metropolitan areas and in the Middle Atlantic region, the wage advantage of
workers in metropolitan areas amounted to only a few cents. The comparatively
low-wage Southeast region accounted for less than one-fourth of the employment
in metropolitan areas but for nearly half of the employment in nonmetropol­
itan areas.
Similarly, regional relationships between the earnings of workers in
plants with 250 workers or more and those in the sm aller plants were mixed.
Earnings of the two groups of workers averaged about the same in the New
England, Middle Atlantic, Border States, and Great Lakes regions, whereas in
the Southeast and Southwest, workers in the larger plants averaged about 10 cents
more per hour than those in plants with fewer than 250 employees.
Nationally, and in each of the seven regions, workers in establishments
with collective bargaining agreements averaged more than those in establishments
not having such agreements. As indicated in table 1, however, the difference
was much less in the Southeast and Southwest than in the other regions.
In considering the wage differences noted in the preceeding paragraphs
and in a following discussion of occupational earnings, it must be emphasized
that in a study such as this it is not possible to isolate the influence of each
factor as a determinant of wages.
To illustrate their interrelationship, estab­
lishments with labor-management contracts accounted for almost half of the
workers in metropolitan areas compared with slightly more than a fourth in
nonmetropolitan areas.
The relationships differed, however, among regions;
for example, slightly more than a tenth of the nonmetropolitan area workers in
the Border States were in union establishments, compared with three-fifths
in the Great Lakes region. Establishments with labor-management contracts
accounted for two-thirds of the workers in plants with 250 workers or more in
the Great Lakes region compared with approximately one-sixth in the Border
States and Southeast regions.
Earnings of nearly all production workers were within a range of $ 1.25
to $ 3 an hour, with the middle half of the workers earning between $ 1.40 and
$ 1.92 (table 2).
The distribution of workers in the individual earnings arrays

5 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, as defined by the U.S. Bureau of the Budget in 1961.




5
varied substantially among the seven regions shown separately. For example,
about one-half of the workers in the Border States, three-fifths in the Southeast,
and two-thirds in the Southwest earned less than $ 1.50 an hour compared with
a third in New England, less than a fifth in the Middle Atlantic, an eighth in
the Great Lakes, and none in the Pacific.
Occupational Earnings
The occupational classifications for which data are presented in table 3
accounted for nearly one-half of the production workers covered by the study.
Nationwide averages for these occupations were highest for general utility
maintenance men ($ 2.01) and operators of hand shapers who set up and operate
the machines ($2)— and lowest for machine off-bearers ($1 .51).
Case goods
assem blers, numerically the most important job studied separately, averaged
$ 1.89. Other numerically important jobs and their averages were: machine
furniture sanders, $ 1.70; hand furniture sanders, $ 1.58; and sprayers, $ 1.85.
Among the occupations for which data could be presented for all regions, average
earnings were generally highest in the Pacific region and lowest in the Southeast
or Southwest, with differences usually amounting to 60 percent or more.
Men largely outnumbered women in each of the survey jobs, by a ratio
of more than 9 to 1 in all except chair assem blers, furniture packers, and hand
rubbers and sanders. Earnings of women averaged substantially less than those
of men employed in the same job and region in nearly all instances for which
data could be published for both sexes.
These wage differences were due only
in part to differences within individual establishments.
They also reflect other
factors including differences in the employment of men and women among plants
having dissim ilar wage policies.
As illustrated in the following tabulation of regional and area pay dif­
ferences, regional averages for the jobs shown usually exceeded the national
averages by 40 to 50 percent in the Pacific, and 5 to 15 percent in the New
England, Middle Atlantic, and Great Lakes regions:
Average hourly earnings by regions and selected areas,
__________ as percent of nationwide averages_________

Region and area
New England------------------------------------ —
Gardner, Mass----------------------------- —
Middle Atlantic------------------------------- —
Jamestown, N .Y-------------------------- —
Border States-----------------------------------Louisville, Ky. —Ind------------------- —
Martinsville, Va-------------------------Southeast----------------------------------------- —
Hickory-Statesville, N. C ----------Miami and Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood, Fla------------------------ —
Winston-Salem—High Point, N. C Southwest--------------------------------------Fort Smith, A ik -------------------------Great Lakes-------------------------------------- —
Chicago, 1 1
1 -------------------------------- —
Evansville, Ind. —Ky------------------Grand Rapids, Mich--------------------- —
Indiana--------------------------------------- —
Pacific---------------------------------------------—
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif---- —




All
production
workers

Assembiers,
case
goods
(men)

(Nationwide averages=100)
MainteCut-off- nance
saw
men,
Offopera- general
bearers, Packers,
tors
utility
machine furniture
(men)
(men)
(men)
(men)

Shaper
operators,
hand, set
up and
operate Sprayers
(men)
(men)

104
108
112
113
91
130
88
88
91

107
111
116
114
86
132
82
82
86

100
94
113
107
85
113
86
80
87

96
92
111
104
92
129
93
89
92

109
106
111
115
94
122
91
91
92

110
110
107
114
92
154
86
88
90

97
113
101
110
86
108
89
87
96

112
126
119
125
90
136
85
84
87

100
89
85
91
113
112
97
114
112
150
154

104
85
73
84
112
108
86
120
109
134
138

96
83
76
84
108
110
80
107
107
142
156

110
94
91
95
109
115
96
110
106
132
144

85
93
95
100
117
113
94
99
122
145
151

98
88
87
94
118
105
102
115
119
142
155

96
89
84
85
106
122

101
84
84
89
114
112
90
110
112
139
141

114
99
145
148

6
Job relatives also varied considerably among the 12 areas studied sep­
arately and in most instances were generally sim ilar to regional pay relatives.
One notable exception was the Louisville area where averages for each of the
jobs shown exceeded the national averages by amounts ranging from 8 to 54 per­
cent. In contrast, averages for the Border States region, in which Louisville
is located, ranged from 6 to 15 percent below the national averages.
Occupational averages were usually higher in metropolitan areas than
in smaller communities (table 4). Regionally, however, averages were generally
higher in nonmetropolitan areas than in larger communities in New England, the
Middle Atlantic, and the Southwest.
In nearly all regions, permitting comparisons, averages for workers in
the same job classification were usually higher in establishments with 250 workers
or more than in sm aller establishments (table 5), and nearly always higher in
establishments with a majority of their workers covered by labor-management
agreements than in those without such coverage, even when comparisons were
limited to the same community or establishment size group (tables 6—
8).
Nationwide, and within each of the regions for which data are presented
in table 9, workers paid on an incentive basis in the selected occupations nearly
always had higher average earnings than those paid time rates. Occupational
earnings differentials between those paid time rates and those paid on an incentive
basis varied considerably by region and occupation. For example, the regional pay
advantage held by incentive-paid machine belt sanders ranged from 2 cents an
hour more than tim e-rated workers in the Middle Atlantic to 71 cents more in
New England; in comparison, the wage advantages held by incentive-paid furniture
packers in these two regions were 49 cents and 62 cents, respectively.
Earnings of individuals performing sim ilar work varied substantially
within some of the areas studied separately (tables 10 through 22). Thus, as illu s­
trated in the following tabulation, earnings of some men case goods assem blers
in comparatively low-wage areas, as measured by the average for all workers
in the job, earned more than some workers in areas for which substantially
higher averages were recorded.
Number of men case goods assemblers
with specified hourly earnings in—

Chicago,
111 .
Under $1.30------------------------------$1. 30 and under$1. 50--------------$1. 50 and under$1. 70--------------$1. 70 and under $1.90---------------$1. 90 and under $2.10---------------$2.10 and under$2. 30--------------$2. 30 and under$2. 50--------------$2. 50 and under$2. 70--------------$2. 70 and under$2. 90--------------$2.90 and under $3.10---------------$3. 10 and under $3. 30---------------$3. 30 and over----------------------------

13
10
44
37
39
14
15
4
5
2
2

Total----------------------------- —
Average hourly earnings--------------




Hickory—
Statesville,
N.C.

Los AngelesLong Beach,
Calif.

2
61
177
142
39
2

_
-

Martins­
ville,
Va.
4
70
105
49

-

2
43
29
171
199
29
10
2
109

185

423

594

228

$2.07

$1.65

$2. 63

$1.56

-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
-

7
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Data were also obtained on work schedules and selected supplementarybenefits including paid holidays and vacations; and various health, insurance, and
pension plans for production and* office workers.
Scheduled Weekly Hours. Work schedules of 40 hours a week applied
to nearly two-thirds of the production workers (table 25). Virtually all of the
remaining workers were in plants with longer work schedules— usually 45 hours
or more per week. Forty-hour schedules were predominant in each region
except New England and the Great Lakes where the longer work schedules were
more common. Slightly more than nine-tenths of the office employees were
scheduled to work 40 hours a week at the time of the study.
Overtime Premium Pay. Pay of 1 V2 times the regular rate for work
in excess of 40 hours a week was almost universally provided both office and
production workers. Provisions for pay of 1 V2 times the regular rate for work
in excess of 8 hours a day were in effect in establishments accounting for nearly
two-fifths of the production workers (table 26). Regionally, the proportions in
plants with this provision varied greatly and ranged from one-eighth in the Border
States to nearly three-fourths in the Pacific. Only about one-third of the office
workers, however, were in plants paying time and one-half for work after 8 hours
a day.
Shift Differential Provisions. Shift differential provisions for work on
the second shift were in effect in plants accounting for slightly more than one-half
of the production workers; about one-fifth were in plants having such provisions
for work on the third or other late shifts (table 27).
The most common pro­
vision nationally and in most of the regions was 10 cents an hour in addition to
day shift rates for sim ilar work. At the time of the study, slightly less than
5 percent of the workers were employed on the second shift and less than 1 per­
cent on third or other late shifts.
Paid Holidays. Paid holidays, ranging from 1 to 11 days annually, were
provided by establishments accounting for three-fourths of the production workers
(table 28). Regionally, the proportions were: slightly less than one-half in the
Border States, three-fifths in the Southeast, seven-eighths in the Southwest, and
virtually all in the remaining regions. The most common provisions were 6 full
days in New England, the Border States, Southwest, and Great Lakes; 7 full
days in the Middle Atlantic and Pacific; whereas, provisions for 3, 4, or 5 days
were of nearly equal importance in the Southeast. Paid holiday provisions were
somewhat more liberal for office than for production workers.
Paid Vacations. Paid vacations after qualifying periods of service were
provided by establishments accounting for more than nine-tenths of the production
workers (table 29). The most prevalent provisions, applying to at least a majority
of the production workers, were 1 week after 1 year of service and 2 weeks
after 5 years.
Three weeks of paid vacation or more were provided by plants
accounting for about one-eighth of the workers after 10 years of service, one-fifth
after 15 years, and a fourth after 20 years. Virtually all office workers were
in establishments with provisions for paid vacations.
The most common pro­
visions, applying to at least a majority of the office workers, were 1 week after.
1 year of service and 2 weeks after 3 years.
Three weeks were provided by
plants accounting for a tenth of the office workers after 10 years, a fifth after
15 years, and slightly larger proportions after 20 and 25 years of service.




8

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans. Life, hospitalization, and surgical
insurance was available to about nine-tenths of the production workers and slightly
smaller proportions of the office workers in the industry (table 30). Provisions
for accidental death and dismemberment, sickness and accident, and medical
insurance were also in effect in establishments accounting for approximately
three-fifths of both groups of workers. Benefits paid for entirely by the employer
and those to which employees made financial contributions were of about equal
importance. Provisions for most of these benefits were somewhat less liberal
in the Southwest than in other regions.
Pension benefits providing regular payments for the remainder of the
worker’ s life upon retirement (other than those available under social security)
were available to slightly more than one-third of the production and office workers.
Regionally, the proportions of both groups of workers in plants with this provision
ranged from slightly more than one-fifth in the Great Lakes to a majority in the
Border States.




Table 1. Average Hourly Earnings: By Selected Characteristics
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of production workers in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by selected characteristics, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
U n ite d S ta te s 2
It e m

N e w E n g la n d

M id d le A t la n t ic

B o r d e r S ta te s

S o u th e a st

So u th w e st

G reat Lakes

P a c if ic

N um ber A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra ge
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
of
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------- -------------M en
W o m e n ---- --------------------------------------------------------

120,000
106,810
13,190

$ 1 .7 1
1.73
1.5 5

7,2 1 1
5 ,7 6 3
1,448

$ 1 .7 8
1 .8 5
1 .52

14,611
13,213
1,398

$ 1 .9 1
1.9*4
1 .66

16,697
15,338
1,359

$ 1 .5 5
1.57
1 .4 2

45, 553
42, 135
3 ,4 1 8

$ 1. 50
1.51
1. 37

7 ,0 3 5
5 ,8 0 5
1,2 3 0

$ 1 .4 6
1.47
1.42

2 0 ,5 8 8
1 6,8 45
3 ,7 4 3

$ 1 .9 3
1.98
1 .70

7 ,6 6 0
7 ,2 2 2
438

$ 2 . 56
2 .5 9
2. 11

S iz e o f c o m m u n ity :
M e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s 3---------------------------------------N o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s —
------- ----

4 5 ,3 3 4
7 4,6 66

1 .86
1 .62

1 ,6 3 0
5,581

1 .75
1 .7 9

8 ,9 8 8
5 ,6 2 3

1 .9 2
1 .90

5 ,3 8 6
11,311

1 .70
1 .4 9

1 0,4 00
35, 153

1. 57
1 .4 8

4 ,3 4 1
2 ,6 9 4

1 .4 5
1.4 8

7 ,3 6 6
1 3,2 22

1 .98
1 .90

6, 578
-

2 .6 2
-

S iz e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t:
20—249 w o r k e r s _____ —
_
_________
250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e _______________________

55,301
6 4,6 99

1 .80
1 .6 4

4 ,8 6 9
2 ,3 4 2

1.77
1.7 9

1 1,699
2 ,9 1 2

1.91
1 .9 0

3,4 8 1
1 3,2 16

1. 53
1 .56

1 3,4 32
3 2,1 21

1 .4 3
1 .5 3

3 ,2 0 0
3 ,8 3 5

1.4 0
1.51

.1 2 ,4 9 8
8 ,0 9 0

1 .92
1 .95

5,477
-

2 .6 6
-

L a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c ts :
E s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h —
M a j o r i t y of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d —
__- _____
N one o r m in o r it y of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d _ —

4 1 ,7 0 6
7 8,2 94

1 .95
1 .59

3 ,7 5 9
3 ,4 5 2

1 .8 2
1 .7 4

9 ,9 1 8
4 ,6 9 3

1 .96
1 .8 0

2 ,5 9 5
1 4,1 02

1 .8 6
1. 50

5 ,8 2 5
3 9 ,7 2 8

1 .5 3
1. 50

2 ,6 2 5
4 ,4 1 0

1.4 8
1.4 5

11,531
9 ,0 5 7

2 .0 0
1 .84

5,231
2 ,4 2 9

2 .6 8
2 .3 0

2
3

E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y fo r o v e r tim e an d fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , an d la te s h ift s .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o se sh o w n se p a r a t e ly .
T h e t e r m " m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a . " a s u se d in t h is study, r e f e r s to S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s a s d e fin e d b y the U .S . B u r e a u of the B u d g e t in 1961.




(0

Table 2. Earnings Distribution: All Production Workers

O

(Percent distribution o£ production workers in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments by average straight-time hourly earnings, 1
United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
U n ite d S ta te s 2
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1
T o ta l

U n der $ 1 .2 5

...........................................

0. 1

(3)

New
E n g la n d

M id d le
A t la n t ic

B ord er
S ta te s

S o u th e a st

_

0 .1

(3)

(3)

G rea t L a ke s

P a c ific

1 .2

(3 )

“

6 .8
8. 1
7 .8
8 .0
6 .0

1 6.6
1 5.8
10.0
7 .5
5 .5

8. 1
5 .3
6. 1
8 .4
4 .9

4 .8
3 .0
2 .8
3 .5
5 .0

8 .5
10.7
1 1.2
1 1 .5
7 .2

11. 1
1 4.2
12. 1
1 1.0
8 .3

1 6.8
1 6.9
1 2.9
12. 1
6 .1

60 ---------------------------------------70---------------------------------------80---------------------------------------90---- ----------------------------------00 ----------------------------------------

12.1
9 .5
8 .0
5 .8
4 .5

12.2
9 .7
8 .3
5 .9
4 .5

1 1.4
8 .2
5 .4
5 .4
4 .6

9 .6
8 .7
7 .6
6 .9
5 .8

1 0.6
1 1.3
8 .6
7 .5
6 .7

1 5 .4
1 2.9
8 .6
4 .7
2 .2

14.8
9 .8
7 .6
4 .7
2 .7

1 0.8
9 .2
6 .3
3. 2
2 .0

1 0.0
8. 1
1 1.6
1 0.3
10. 1

0. 5
1 .4
1. 1
2 .0
2 .0

$
$
$
$
$

2. 10---------------------------------------2. 20---------------------------------------2. 30---------------------------------------2 .4 0 ---------------------------------------2. 50----------------------------------------

4 .3
2 .8
2 .6
2 .6
1 .9

4. 5
2 .9
2 .8
2 .8
2 .0

2 .4
2 .3
1 .6
1 .3
.7

6 .4
4 .4
4 .8
2 .9
2 .4

7. 1
4. 1
4. 1
3 .0
2 .9

2 .0
1 .0
.9
1 .0
.6

1.7
.8
.5
.3

1 .2
.5
.4
.1

•1

•1

9 .2
7. 5
5 .5
4 .7
3 .2

6 .8
4 .9
8 .4
15.7
11. 0

$
$
$
$
$

2.
2.
2.
2.
3.

1 .9
1 .3
.8
.6
.5

2 .0
1 .4
.9
.7
.5

.5
.3
.2
.1

3 .1
3 .4
1 .3
1 .5
1 .5

.4
.4
.2
.3
.1

.1

-1

2 .5
1 .4
1.1
.6
.5

( !)
(!)
(3 )
“

2 .6
1.7
1. 1
.7
.6

12. 1
6 .6
5. 1
3. 3
2. 5

2 .0

2 .2

.3

1.6

3 .9

.2

.i

.1

1 .7

4 16. 7

1 00.0

100.0

100.0

100 .0

1 00 .0

100 .0

100.0

100.0

100 .0

100 .0

1 20,000
$ 1 .7 1

106,810
$ 1 .7 3

1 3,1 90
$ 1 . 55

7,2 1 1
$ 1 .7 8

14,611
$ 1 .9 1

16,697
$ 1 .5 5

45, 553
$ 1 . 50

7 ,0 3 5
$ 1 .4 6

2 0 ,5 8 8
$ 1 .9 3

7 ,6 6 0
$ 2 .5 6

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

1. 30---------------------------------------1. 35---------------------------------------1 .4 0 ---------------------------------------1 .4 5 ---------------------------------------1. 50----------------------------------------

$ 1. 50
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

1.
1.
1.
1.
2.

$ 2. 00
$ 2 .1 0
$ 2 .2 0
$ 2. 30
$ 2 .4 0

and
an d
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

and
and
and
an d
and

under
under
under
under
under

60---------------------------------------70---------------------------------------80---------------------------------------90 ---------------------------------------00----------------------------------------

$ 3 .0 0 and o v e r

----

—

-------

...............

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s — — ---------------------------------------A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1-----------------------------------

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e an d fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , an d la te sh ift s .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s i n a d d it io n to t h o se sh o w n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 L e s s th a n 0. 05 p e rc e n t.
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s :
2 .6 p e rc e n t at $ 3 to $ 3 .1 0 ; 2 .0 p e rc e n t at $ 3 . 1 0 to .$ 3 . 20; 2 .2 p e rc e n t at $ 3 . 2 0
at $ 3 .4 0 and o ve r.
NOTE:

So u th w e st

7 .9
9 .0
8. 1
8 .0
5 .9

and
and
and
and
and

T o t a l.....

0. 1

W om en

2. 1
2 .0
2 .2
2 .5
2 .6

$ 1 .2 5
$ 1. 30
$ 1 .3 5
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .4 5

2. 50
2. 60
2 .7 0
2 .8 0
2. 90

M en

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,




s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not e q u al 100.

.1
(3)
(3)
-

to $ 3 . 3 0 ; 2. 5 p e rc e n t at $ 3 . 3 0 to $ 3 . 4 0 ; an d 7 .4 p e rc e n t

Table 3. Occupational Ayerages: All Establishments
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments,
United States and selected'regions, May—
June 1965)
U n ite d State s 2
O c c u p a t io n a n d s e x

N e w E n g la n d

M id d le A t la n tic

N u m b e r A v e ra ge N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

B o r d e r S ta te s

So u th e a s t

A v e ra ge N um ber A v e ra ge N um ber
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

So u th w e st

G re a t-L a k e s

P a c if ic

A v e ra ge N um ber A v e ra ge N um ber A v e ra ge N um ber
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
of
e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

S e le c te d p r o d u c t io n o c c u p a tio n s
--------- — ____
A s s e m b le r s , ca se goods - —
M e n . ............ ........................................
W o m e n -___ _______________________ ____ ____
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s ----------------------- __
M e n ------------------------------------------------------------ —
W om en.
------------------------.. — — ------C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s (1 ,7 6 5 m e n
an d 10 w o m e n ) — _
_ ---- ------- ------G l u e r s , r o u g h s t o c k (1, 901 m e n
an d 99 w o m e n ) ___ ___ ____ _______ _______ ____
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i li t y ( a l l m e n ) ___
M o l d in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up and
o p e r a te ) ( a l l m e n ) ---------------------------------------------M o l d in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s (fe e d only)
(259 m e n a n d 3 w o m e n )------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ----------------------------------------M e n _________________________________________
W o m e n ------------------ — ______ _____ — ---------- -----------------------P a c k e r s , f u r n it u r e -----M e n - -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ______________________________ -_______
P la n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up an d o p e rate )
(477 m e n a n d 4 w o m e n )_______________________
P la n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) (255 m e n
an d 3 w o m e n )
----- ------------------------------------- R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s ( 1 ,9 3 9 m e n
an d 26 w o m e n ) — --------------------------- --------------R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p an d o p e rate )
(1 ,0 6 0 m e n an d 3 w o m e n ) —
----------------R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) (422 m e n
an d 9 w o m e n )_______________________ — ______ _
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e ____________________________
M en
.
W om en
___
_____________
H a n d ____ _________ __ _______ ____ _________ _
M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------M a c h in e (651 m e n an d 35 w o m e n ) . — -----S a n d e r s , f u r n itu r e , h a n d ______________________
M e n ------ --------------------------- — ------------------- —
W om en--------- --------------------------- ---S a n d e r s , fu r n it u r e , m a c h in e ___ — ----------------M e n ______________________________________
W o m e n _________________________________ B e l t .......................... - ..................................
M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W n m e n _... .
_____ _ _
_ _______ ____
O th e r th a n b e lt —
------------ ------------------M e n _________________ ___
________ __
W om en
— __ ________________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a tic (se t up and
o p e ra te ) (435 m e n an d 1 w o m a n ) — _______ __
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a tic (fee d only)
(152 m e n an d 2 w o m e n )______________________ _

Se e fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




8 ,9 3 2
8,311
621
1, 112
958
154

$ 1 .8 9
1.91
1.63
1.69
1.73
1.38

269
257
149
125

1,775

1.93

101

2 ,0 0 0
1,324

1.64
2.01

686
262
6 ,2 1 7
5,6 8 6
531
3 ,2 5 2
2 ,8 2 8
424
481
228
1,965

$ 2 .0 2
2 .0 4
1 .95
2 .0 6

1 ,390
1, 285
105
196
178
18

$ 2 . 17
2 .21
1 .6 9
1 .7 0
1 .7 2
1 .4 9

1 ,096
1,051
45
93
82

1 .9 2

328

2. 18

185

93
75

1.81
1.9 3

270
205

1 .7 2
2 .2 4

1.94

41

1 .96

101

1.65
1.51
1.50
1.55
1.62
1.63
1.53

-

-

-

-

$ 1 .6 4
1.64
1 .6 8
1. 59
1 .6 0

2 ,4 3 3
2 ,3 5 6
77
372
336
-

$ 1. 55
1. 56
1 .3 7
1 .4 9
1 .5 2
-

637
541
96
90
57
.

$ 1 .4 0
1.40
1. 36
1 .3 5
1.37
.

1 .6 4

560

1. 56

90

383
166

1 .46
1 .8 5

744
465

1 .4 5
1 .7 9

2. 13

95

1 .86

262

2 .0 4
1 .6 5
1 .67
1 .59
1 .73
1 .7 4
1 .6 0

53
1,053
1,015
38
452
390
62

1 .53
1.41
1.41
1.4 6
1 .4 8
1. 50
1.3 7

132
2 ,9 3 6
2 ,8 5 7
79
1, 161
1,071
90

-

-

2, 122
1,866
256
161
130
_

$ 2 .0 8
2. 13
1 .6 9
1 .8 9
1 .9 8

937
907
30
51
50
_

1 .4 8

286

2. 10

222

2 .7 5

91
56

1 .4 2
1.8 3

262
260

1 .8 6
2. 19

148
82

2 .6 4
2 .6 6

1 .7 6

21

1.5 6

134

2. 14

26

2 .6 8

1. 50
1 .36
1 .3 7
1 .2 9
1 .4 3
1 .4 4
1. 32

22
269
214
195
182
-

1.6 4
1 .4 4
1 .4 3
1 .4 0
1.41
-

19
744
648
96
650
495
155

1 .87
1 .74
1 .7 5
1 .66
1 .8 6
1 .92
1 .6 8

24
491
377
.
126
126
.

2 .4 0
2.0 7
2. 18
2 .3 2
2 .3 2
.

1.61

50

1 .9 9

32

2 .8 9

.

_

29

2.31

206
156
50
158
116
42

1. 59
1 .64
1 .42
1 .7 6
1. 80
1 .63

9
518
419
99
495
433
62

1.89

35

1 .92

85

2 .2 9

76

1 .6 6

188

1 .6 2

12

1.57

24

1. 55

17

1 .4 5

30

1 .4 6

113

1 .4 4

.

1.78

108

1.81

224

2. 15

291

1 .62

864

1 .5 3

73

1,063

1.87

44

1 .82

158

2 .0 7

125

1 .6 6

383

1 .7 2

431
3, 126
2, 617
509
2 ,4 4 0
1,966
474
686
6 ,5 2 9
4, 199
2 ,3 3 0
7 ,3 9 3
6 ,9 4 0
453
4 ,4 5 6
4 ,2 6 8
188
2,937
2 ,6 7 2
265

1.61
1.61
1.64
1.44
1.60
1.64
1.44
1.63
1.58
1.63
1.50
1.70
1.71
1.48
1.75
1.76
1.49
1.62
1.64
1.47

-

112
86
26
86
61
25
26
268
78
190
334
282
52
215
175
40
119
107
12

2 .0 2
2. 06
1.87
1.97
2 .0 1
1.86
2. 18
1. 70
1 .9 5
1 .60
2 .0 1
2. 11
1. 50
1 .95
2 .0 5
1 .4 8
2. 13
2. 19
1. 54

9
186
174
12
130
124

1. 54
2. 28
2. 30
2 .0 8
2. 37
2 .3 6

1 .4 4
1 .4 2
1 .4 8
1.31
1.41
1 .4 9
1 .4 5
1.47
1 .4 9
1.41
1.61
1.61
1 .6 2
1 .6 2
1 .62

251
1,571
1,421
150
1,209
1,064
145
362
2 ,7 9 3
2 ,0 4 5
748
3 ,531
3 ,3 2 5
206
1,838
1,7 8 5
53
1,693
1,540
153

1.51
1 .4 4
1 .4 5
l ! 37
1 .4 2
1 .4 2
1 .3 6
1. 52
1.41
1 .4 4
1 .3 2
1 .5 2
1 .5 3
1 .3 5
1 .5 2
1. 53
1. 33
1.51
1. 52
1 .3 5

436

1.95

27

2 .0 0

200

154

1.87

30

-

56
874
643
231
619
586
33
298
293

2. 07
1.6 9
1 .7 4
1.5 5
1.87
1 .8 9
1. 53
2 .01
2 .0 1

53
521
341
180
354
195
167
493
335
158
1,035
1,018
17
702
697

321
293
28

1.7 4
1.77
. 1.4 6

333
321
12

1 .59
1 .59
1 .4 8

60

2 .41

55

1 .76

34

1 .6 3

-

-

.

$ 2 . 55
2. 56
2. 34
2 .4 2
2 .4 2
_

1 .49

238

2 .0 2

158

2 .7 3

50

1 .58

269

2 .01

25

3 .0 5

20
178
94
84
156
73
83
22
442
170
272
408
369

51
46
_

2 .2 7
2 .2 7
_

39
405
345
60
363
347
16
266
265

2 .4 4
2.2 7
2 .2 9
2. 16
2. 52
2 .5 5
1.98
2 .6 3
2 .6 3

1.47
1 .4 6
_

1 .8 3
1 .96
1 .99
l ! 67
1 .96
2 .0 0
1.67
1 .8 8
1 .78
1 .92
1.67
2 .0 0
2 .0 3
1 .66
2 .0 4
2 .0 7
1 .6 2
l ! 85
1.87
1 .73

2. 37
2 .3 4
2. 35

108
101
.

62
453
401
52
439
388
51
14
1,209
544
665
1,070
980
90
804
752
52
266
228
38

31
90
85

300
268

1 .4 0
1 .46
1 .4 9
1 .4 4
1 .4 5
1 .48
1 .43
1. 54
1 .4 0
1.41
1 .4 0
1 .4 8
1.49
1 .4 8
1 .49

97
82
.

2 .2 3
2 .2 8
.

1 .6 8

11

1. 52

55

1 .9 6

28

3. 28

1 .5 5

20

1 .4 4

19

1 .72

-

«

'

Table 3. Occupational Averages: ( All Establishments— Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments,
United States and selected* regions, May-June 1965)
U n ite d S ta te s 2
O c c u p a t io n a n d s e x

N e w E iig la n d

M id d le A t la n tic

B o r d e r S ta te s

So u th w e st

S o u th e a s t

G rea t Lake s

P a c ific

N um ber A v e ra ge N um ber A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m ber
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
of
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
of
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

A v e ra ge
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

S e le c te d p r o d u c t io n o c c u p a tio n s — C o n tin u e d

S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t u p a n d o p e ra te )
............ .
%TirritYianj
.
.
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d (fe e d o n ly ) ( a l l m e n ) ---S p r d , v 6 r s .._,, i. .......... . i,
.
M11 *■ i ■ i ------........ -. ...
M en
_
_
W o m An
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p an d o p e ra te )
(786 m e n a n d 4 w o m e n )--------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly)
(244 m e n a n d 2 w o m e n )---------------------------------------

15
$ 1 . 7 3 »V|*T1 and
7
1 .5 9
293
1 .5 6
262
1. 56
31
1 .4 5

$ 1 .6 8
1 .3 9
1 .5 6
1.57
1 .4 3

192
30
1,1 9 6
1,068
128

$ 2 . 11
1.9 8
2 .0 9
2. 12
1.8 6

29

1 .76

141

13

1 .3 6

25

1.87

23

1 .6 4

1 .8 6
1. 55
2. 24

20
-

1.67
-

96
7
89
67
39

860
297
5 ,5 9 8
5,1 7 6
422

$ 2 .0 0
1.78
1 .85
1.86
1.63

66
10
202
192
10

$ 1 .9 4
1.7 3
2 .0 5
2. 08
1 .5 0

99
15
693
649
44

$ 2 .0 1
1 .79
2. 19
2 .2 2
1 .80

105
35
712
663
49

$ 1 .7 2
1 .5 8
1.6 5
1.67
1 .39

285
152
2 ,0 9 5
1,947
148

790

1 .98

61

2 .0 0

109

2. 10

121

1.91

271

1 .69

”

30

1.73

136

1 .5 6

1 .79
1.87
1 .7 5
1 .86

35
7
28
38

1 .8 3
2 .1 3
1 .7 5
1 .62

61
56
57
22

246

1 .74

“

312
39
273
196
89

1.79
1 .90
1 .78
1 .70
2.0 6

37

"

“

98
36
359
347
_

$ 2 .9 0
2 .8 0
2 .5 9
2 .5 9

2 .21

55

2.81

1 .7 9

23

2 .4 3

1 .7 4
1 .8 5
1.7 3
1.81
2. 16

16

2 .2 3

16
-

2 .2 3
-

S e le c te d o ffic e o c c u p a tio n s

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l --------------------------- — --------------- -------

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ( a l l w o m e n )-------------------S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r ( a l l w o m e n ) ---------------------

33

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e an d fo r w o r k on w e eke n d s,
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d it io n to t h o se sh o w n se p a ra t e ly .
NOTE:

1 .70
1.67

h o lid a y s ,

44
13
31
18

and la te s h ift s .

D a s h e s in d ic a t e n o d a ta re p o r te d o r d a ta that do not m ee t p u b lic a t io n c r it e r ia .




Table 4. Occupational Averages: By Size o f Community
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by size of community, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
U n ite d Sta te s 2
S e x an d o c c u p a tio n

N e w E n g la n d

M id d le A t la n t ic

B o r d e r S ta te s

M e t r o p o lit a n
N o n m e tr o p o lit a n
M e t r o p o lit a n
N o n m e tr o p o lit a n
M e t r o p o lit a n
N o n m e tr o p o lit a n
N o n m e tr o p o lita n
M e t r o p o lit a n
are a s
areas
areas
areas
areas
areas
areas
areas
N um ber A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N um ber A v e ra ge
h o u r ly
of
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

M en
A s s e m b l e r s , c a s e g o o d s __________
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s ______________________ _____
C u t-o ff-sa w o p e rato rs
G lu e r s . rou g h sto c k
M a in t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y _____________
M o l d in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
an d o p e r a t e ) ______ ______ ___
_ _
M o l d in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) ________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e _________________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e _______________________ _____
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p an d o p e r a t e )_________
P la n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) ___________________
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s . _ _ __________________________
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p an d o p e r a te )
_
_
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly )___________________
R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e ____________________________
H a n d ___
__
____________________
M a c h i n e __
___ __ __
S a n d e r s , fu r n it u r e , h a n d _________________ _____
S a n d e r s , fu r n itu r e , m a c h in e . _________________
B e lt —
___
______
________________
_
O th e r th an b e lt __ _ _ _______
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a tic (se t up
an d o p e r a t e ) __ ______ __ ______
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a tic (fee d o n ly ) ______
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t up
an d o p e ra te )
__ _______ _ _ _
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d (fe e d o n ly ) ____________
Sprayers
_____________ _________ ___ ______
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s (s e t u p and o p e r a t e ) _______
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly )- _
___

4 ,2 1 7
465
754
669
429

$2. 09
1.76
2. 19
1. 81
2. 21

4 ,0 9 4
493
1,011
1, 232
892

$ 1 .7 3
1. 71
1. 75
1. 56
1.91

214
68
1, 482
1, 182
174
82
682
389
150
794
647
147
1,644
2,411
1,600
811

2 .0 4
1. 87
1. 61
1.73
2. 16
1.65
2.01
2 .0 2
1.74
1.78
1.76
1. 84
1.79
1.81
1. 85
1.72

472
191
4, 204
1,646
303
143
1, 257
671
272
1,8 2 3
1, 319
504
2, 555
4, 529
2 ,6 6 8
1,861

1. 90
1. 56
1.47
1. 56
1.73
1. 54
1. 66
1.78
1. 53
1.59
1.59
1.59
1. 52
1. 66
1. 71
1. 60

135
69

2. 36
2. 19

300
83

1. 76
1. 61

344
94
1,939
239
105

2. 23
2.07
2 .0 6
2. 20
1.94

513
203
3, 237
547
139

1. 84
1. 64
1.75
1. 89
1. 58

374
100
83
137
131
838
258
92
166
145

1.69
1.53
1. 55
1. 55
1. 54
1. 59
1.48
1.45
1.49
1. 81

247
431
341
372
343
1,492
195
96
99
277

1. 55
1.55
1. 52
1. 40
1.40
1.46
1.4 8
1. 53
1 .44
1. 54

88
_

19
24
22
.

26
27
.
_

10
9
_
.
.
_

26
27
21
.

8
_

16
-

35
8

$2. 28
.

2. 31
1. 82
2. 06
.
_

1. 55
1. 58
.
.

1. 83
1. 85
_
.
_
.

1 .72
1. 74
1. 76
_

1.99
_

1. 80
_

2. 08
2. 25
-

169
95
78
66
53

$1.9 1
2. 14
1. 85
1. 83
1. 88

37

1.89

.

130
89
27
15
95
35

_

_

78
61
17
52
255
154
101

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

19
_

48
10
157
49
-

44
_

1. 66
1. 87
2. 00
1. 63
1.83
1.81

_

955
133
249
181
97

„ 156
323
_
_

108
74

_

$2.
1.
2.
1.
2.

25
64
26
65
38

2. 15
_
1. 58
1. 70
.
_

2. 37
2. 18
.

330
_

$ 2 .0 9

75
88
108

1.96
1. 87
2. 11

57

2. 11
_

.

263
no
19
8
111
84

1 .72
1. 86
1.97
1. 68
1.95
1.98
2. 31
2. 39
2. 21
1. 84
2 .0 1
2. 03
1 .96
2. 07

_

08
01
33
06
14
09
22

500
291
93
198

1.71
1. 78
1.97
1. 68

86
48
38
143
295
200
95

2. 00

36

2. 64

_

24

1.97

68
7
287
77

_

2. 00
1 .73
2. 08
2. 01
-

88
76
_

.

31

2. 28
2. 35
_

_

362
32
-

2. 24
2. 09
-

35
29

1. 61
1. 39

_

_

.

2.
1.
2.
2.

04
84
19
11

"

557
35
77
114
44

$1. 75
1. 74
1.66
1.61
2. 08

494
47
107
260
122

$1. 52
1.49
1.63
1.40
1. 77

28
13
308
143
33

1.95
1. 87
1. 51
1. 68
1. 69

134
35
12
156

1. 64
1 .73
1 .4 3
1. 57

67
40
707
247
43
29
155
90
41
185
72
113
220
724
466
258

1. 83
1.43
1. 36
1. 39
1. 64
1.46
1. 60
1.63
1.45
1.41
1. 36
1.44
1. 37
1. 59
1. 61
1.55

_

_

.

115
294
231

1 .7 3
1. 67
1. 65

11

1.75

44
32

1. 77
1. 64

36

1. 84

69
31
460
81

1.67
1. 61
1. 57
1.79

22
54
178

1. 37
1. 36
1. 31

126
_

1. 36
_

_

_
.

_

203
40
25

1. 89
2 .1 5
1. 77

28
16

1. 86
1. 58

W om en
A s s e m b l e r s , c a s e g o o d s ____________________ ___
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ___ ______________________
P a c k e r s , fu r n itu r e
____
_ __
R u b b e r s , fu r n it u r e 3____________________________
' Hand
______________________________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n itu r e , h a n d .. ______________ __ __
S a n d e r s , fu r n itu r e , m a c h in e ____ ______________
B e lt .
..
.
...
.
, .......
,
O th e r th an b e lt ________________ ______________
Sp rayer.

_

.

_

_
.
_

.
.
_
.
_
_
_

_
.
.
_
_

.

48
42
26
25
170
52
40
12

_

1. 41
1. 63
1. 87
1. 86
1. 62
1. 50
1.48
1. 54

_
138
.

_
_
16

_
1. 39

_
_
1. 54

64
33
_

1. 57
1.78
_
_

93
19

1.79
1. 69

_

_
28

_
_
_
_
_

_




.
.

_
_

1.95

_

_
47

'

See footnotes at end of table.

_

'

_
_

1. 36

Tabic 4. Occupational Averages:

Size o f Community— Continued

(Number and average straight-time hourly earuings 1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by size of community, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)

S e x an d o c c u p a tio n

N o n m e tr o p o lita n
areas
N um ber A v e ra ge
of
h o u r ly
w o rke rs
e a r n in g s

M e t r o p o lit a n
areas
N um ber A v e ra ge
h o u r ly
of
w o rke rs
e a r n in g s

P a c ific

G reat Lake s

So u th w e st

So u th e ast
M e t r o p o lit a n
are a s
N u n ib e r A v e r a g e
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s

N o n m e tr o p o lit a n
areas
Num ber
A v e ra ge
h o u r ly
of
w o rke rs
e a r n in g s

M e t r o p o lit a n
areas
A v e ra ge
Num ber
of
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s
w o rke rs

N o n m e tr o p o lit a n
areas
Num ber
A v e ra ge
h o u r ly
of
w o rke rs
e a r n in g s

M e t r o p o lit a n
areas
Num ber
A v e ra ge
of
h o u r ly
w o rke rs
e a r n in g s

M en
A s s e m b l e r s , c a s e g o o d s ___ __ __________ __
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s ______________ ________
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s __________________________
G l u e r s , r o u g h st o c k ___________________________
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ______________
M o l d in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
a n d o p e ra te ) ____________ __________ _____—
_
M o l d in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) ________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ___ ________ _____ _ ___
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e _____________________________
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up and o p e ra te ) ___ __ __
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly )- _______
__ _ _
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s . ___ ________ ____ _ _ ___
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s (se t u p an d o p e ra te ) _ _______
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly )______ ___________
R u b b e rs', f u r n i t u r e ----------------------------------------- -—
H a n d ............... ..................................................
M a c h in e .. ______ ___ __ ______ _
_______
S a n d e r s , fu r n it u r e , h a n d ________ _____________
S a n d e r s , fu r n it u r e , m a c h in e -----------------------------B e l t . _ _ ... ..................................................
O th e r th a n b e lt ______________________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a tic ( s e t u p
an d o p e r a t e ) __ ______ __ ___________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a tic .(fe e d o n l y ) _______
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t up
an d o p e ra te ) _ ------------- ------------------ ---------------------S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , ha n d (fe e d o n ly ) _______________
S p r a y e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up an d o p e r a t e ) _________
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) ___ _____________ _—

07
86
07
88
17

878
50
176
133
56

$2. 55
2 .4 2
2. 86
2. 62
2. 86

2. 10
1. 87
1.79
1 .94
1.99
2. 01
1.95
1. 81
1.95
1.95
1 .90
1.97
2. 04
1. 77

18
17
248
117
20
17
147
25
31
85
46
39
342
339
265
74

2. 80
2.4 9
2. 24
2. 32
3. 15
2. 46
2. 76
3. 05
2. 37
2. 35
2. 27
2 .4 4
2. 29
2. 55
2. 63
2. 28

43
16

1 . 88

25

3.41

1 .72

-

23
06
16
06
26

1, 131
53
209
150
166

2. 32
1. 64
1. 89
1.99

109
19
493
274
38

595
89
113
121
82

$1. 73
1.52
1.64
1.44
1.8 3

1,761
247
447
607
383

$1. 50
1. 52
1. 54
1.45
1. 78

361
51
40
40
22

$1. 39
1. 37
1. 38
1. 38
1 .72

180
49
46
-

$ 1 .4 3
1. 56
1 .48
-

735
77
77
47
91

72
23
471
205
28
46
176
136
67
230
205
25
352
804
512
292

1. 87
1.54
1. 39
1.54
1. 82
1 .45
1. 57
1. 86
1.45
1.42
1.42
1 .43
1. 52
1. 54
1. 52
1.59

190

107
2, 386
866
160
67
688
247
184
1, 191
859
332
1,693
2,521
1,273
1,248

1. 72
1.49
1. 36
1.4 2
1. 58
1 .44
1. 52
1.65
1 .5 3
1.45
1.42
1. 53
1 .42
1. 52
1. 53
1.51

17
8
118
131
8
41
24
61
44
17
102
259
169
90

1. 58
1. 39
1 .4 4
1. 39
1.71
1. 52
1. 58
1 .42
1. 39
1. 49
1. 35
1.46
1.46
1.46

14
96
51
-

1.78
1 .42
1.45
-

25
155
221
12

26
17
110
99
11

1. 50
1.41
1. 54
1 .54
1.49

57
77
33
151
138
13
168
364
276
88

2. 08
2. 15
1.89
2. 07
2. 08
1.90
1.96
2. 12
2. 14
2. 04

171
189
24
250
250
376
616
476
140

36
8

1.81
1.51

164
22

1. 65
1. 57

8
10

1. 56
1.4 6

10

1.41

11

2. 32

81
14
368
57
28

1. 84
1.4 4
1.65
1 . 80
1.69

204
138
1,579
214
108

1.69
1 . 61
1. 54
1. 67
1 .53

12

1.69

-

60
63
87
126
125
628
67
13
54
119

1. 30
1. 29
1. 30
1. 35
1. 35
1. 31
1. 36
1.42
1. 35
1.41

-

171
15
"

-

1. 53
1. 67

-

91
-

-

-

1.64
-

"

-

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

-

-

$2.
1.
2.
1.
2.

-

-

-

74
15
415
40
15

2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

27
10
17
39
73

117
15
653
101
8

2. 01
1 . 86
2. 09
2. 13
1 . 88

94
36
337
44
16

2 .9 3
2. 80
2. 60
2. 87
2. 51

-

183
21
31
45
44
316
46
18
28
67

1.71
1.65
1.78
1 . 66
1 . 66
1 .74
1.77
1 .72
1 . 81
1 .9 3

73
75
124

1 . 66
1 .66
1. 65

30

2. 34

W om en
A s s e m b l e r s , c a s e g o o d s _____________________________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ___ _______ ________________ _
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e _____________ __________________
R u b b e r s , fu r n it u r e 3-------------------------------------------------------H a n d _____ ________ _ __ _
_________
- --------S a n d e r s , fu r n it u r e , h a n d _________________________ _
S a n d e r s , fu r n itu r e , m a c h in e . __ ______ ___
B e lt ................................................................................
O th e r th an b e lt _____________________ ____ —

_
16

_
1. 30

_

-

_

_

120
139
_
_

29

1. 37
1. 34
_
_

1.62

56
10
-

55
55
149
_

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , an d la te s h ift s .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta fo r r e g i o n s in a d d it io n to t h o se sh o w n s e p a r a te ly .
3 In c lu d e s d a ta fo r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to th o se sho w n s e p a r a te ly .

NOTE:

Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.




1. 37
1 . 28
-

1. 32
1. 32
1.41
-

40
-

123
-

14

1. 36
-

1 . 39
-

1.42

-

349
44
34
10
61

1.

60
1. 55
1. 56
1. 50
1 .78

-

57
16
-

-

2. 19
1.98
-

Table 5. Occupational Averages: By Size o f Establishment
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by size of establishment, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
U n ite d S t a t e s 2

N e w E n g la n d

M id d le A t la n t ic

1

B o r d e r S ta te s

--------------- —

E s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith —
S e x an d o c c u p a tio n

250 w o r k e r s
250 w o r k e r s
250 w o r k e r s
250 w o r k e r s
2 0-249 w o r k e r s
20— 249 w o r k e r s
2 0-2 49 w o r k e r s
20— 249 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
o r m o re
o r m o re
o r m o re
N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra g e N u m b e r A v e ra ge
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g ? w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s -e a rn in g s

M en
A s s e m b l e r s , c a s e g o o d s _______________________
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s ______________
______
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ____ _ _______
G l u e r s . r o u g h s t o c k ___ _______
_ ___
M a in t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y __________ ___
M o l d in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
an d o p e ra te ) _ ____ ______ __
M o l d in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) ____ ____
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e . _ __ _______ _ __ _
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ____________ ___________ __
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p an d o p e ra te ) _________
P la n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly)
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s __«
.___________________________
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p an d o p e r a t e ) ______ __
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) ___________ _______
R u b b e r s , fu r n itu r e
Hand
___ ______
M a c h in e
S a n d e r s , fu r n itu r e , h a n d .. . ....___ . . . . . . ____
S a n d e r s , fu r n itu r e , m a c h in e _____ __
B e lt ....... ......................................................
O th e r th an b e lt
_ __ __
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a tic ( s e t u p
a n d o p e r a t e ) ___________
__
_. ______ _
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t up
an d o p e ra te ) — T__________ . ____________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d (fe e d o n ly ) _________ ___
S p r a y e r s _____ ....__ ________ ____ ______________
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p an d o p e r a t e ) _______
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) _________________

$ 2 .0 3
1.74
2.01.
1.71
2. 14

3 ,4 3 5
266
665
958
679

$1. 74
1. 72
1. 81
1.59
1. 89

209
102
73
67
61

$ 1 .9 9
2. 03
1.95
1.79
1 .9 4

48
23
24
23
_

$2. 23
2. 20
1.92
1.95
_

1, 102
173
280
230
153

320
70
2 ,0 9 3
1,498
246
100
942
502
139 •
884
689
195
2, 075
2,991
1,914
1,077

1.98
1.76
1. 57
1. 67
1.96
1. 58
1.87
1.90
1.74
1. 77
1. 75
1. 87
1.69
1.77
1. 80
1.71

366
189
3, 593
1, 330
231
125
• 997
558
283
1, 733
•1, 277
456
2, 124
3,9 4 9
2, 354
1,595

1.91
1. 60
1.47
1. 59
1. 81
1. 58
1. 70
1. 83
1. 54
1. 58
1. 59
1. 55
1. 57
1. 67
1. 72
1.59

29
121
84
24
20
81
34
62
41
21
68
207
128
79

1. 86
1. 59
1. 78
1.8 6
1. 59
1. 80
1. 75
2. 07
1. 99
2. 23
1 .9 2
2. 09
2. 03
2. 20

12
_
35
32
7

2. 21
_
1. 82
1. 85
2. 36

24
10
_
24
20

1 .94
2 .0 6
_
2. 05
2. 07

10
75
47
28

2.
2.
2.
2.

79
_
349
397
77
14
176
109
_
123
87
36
586
488
222
266

4 ,8 7 6
692
1, 100
943
642

182

2. 09

253

1. 85

22

1.97

-

473
123
2 ,5 8 5
405
110

2. 07
1.98
1.97
2.0 1
1.75

384
174
2, 591
381
134

1 .90
1. 63
1. 76
1.95
1. 72

48
9
146
45

1. 87
1. 75
2 .0 4
1 .9 3
"

16

256
203
289
188
182
1, 186
374
163
211
254

1.69
1. 50
1.52
1.45
1.45
1. 52
1.46
1.45
1.47
1.60

365
328
135
321
292
1, 144
79
25
54
168

1.59
1. 57
1. 54
1 .4 3
1 .4 3
1.49
1. 55
1. 70
1. 47
1. 68

-

-

15
14
12
18

2. 18
-

46
12
-

2. 22
2. 47

_
_
_
_
_
24
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
1. 86
_
_
_

$2.
1.
2.
1.
2.

24
72
21
71
31

183
_
44
39
52

$2. 01
_
2. 07
1. 78
2. 03

288
18
76
82
41

$ 1 .6 9
1. 72
1. 51
1.41
1. 82

763
64
108
292
125

$ 1 .6 3
1. 56
1. 73
1.48
1. 86

2. 11
_
1. 63
1 .7 2
2. 32
1. 35
2. 19
2. 10
_
2. 26
2. 33
2. 10
1. 71
1. 85
2. 00
1. 74

22
_
70
36
8

2. 20
_
1.8 3
2. 03
2. 01

43
49
_
51
37
14
57
98
71
27

2. 04
2. 02
_
2. 38
2. 44
2. 21
2. 09
2. 08
2. 06
2. 13

28
11
180
89
32
7
79
50
14
59
32
27
108
162
105
57

1.91
1.41
1. 37
1.4 2
1. 60
1. 31
1. 55
1.60
1. 39
1. 38
1. 34
1. 41
1 .4 4
1. 56
1. 52
1. 64

67
42
835
301
44
23
210
75
39
282
163
119
227
856
592
264

1. 84
1. 57
1.41
1. 52
1.71
1. 50
1.65
1.69
1.46
1. 50
1.51
1. 49
1. 52
1.62
1. 64
1.59

10

1. 55

45

1. 81

28
9
170
32
-

1.69
1.40
1. 58
1.90

77
26
493
89
27

1. 74
1.64
1.70
1.91
1. 76

26
31
36
180
_
155
17
_
12
22

1.48
1.48
1. 38
1. 31
_
1.41
1. 62
_

49

2. 50

_

82
15
504
78
"

2. 01
1.79
2. 21
2. 10
"

17
145
31
-

26
85
42
_
_
151
31
_
28
35

1. 60
1. 54
1.47

_
2 .0 2
2. 24
2. 11
-

-

W om en
A s s e m b l e r s , c a s e g o o d s . . ______________ __
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ______ __________ _________
P a c k e r s . f u r n it u r e _______
____
___
R u b b e r s , fu r n itu r e 1________________________—
H a n d .................................................................
S a n d e r s , fu r n itu r e , h a n d ______________________
S a n d e r s , fu r n itu r e , m a c h in e ______ _ ______
B e l t ..................................................................
O th e r than b e lt
S p r a y e r s _______ __________________ _______

See footnotes at end of table.




_
41
32
21
21
166
49
37
12
10

_
1. 39
1. 54
1. 89
1. 89
1. 56
1.47
1 .44
1. 54
1. 50

"

"

_
1.4 4
1. 50
_
1. 46
1.70

_
14
_
_
80
_
_
_
“

_
1. 86
_
_
_
1. 76
_
_
_
"

_
7
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
■

_
1. 36
_
_
_
_
_
_
~

1. 48
1.48

Table 5. Occupational Averages: By Size o f Establishment----Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by size of establishment, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
So u th e ast

So u th w e st

G rea t La ke s

P a c ific

E s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith —
S e x an d o c c u p a tio n

20—249 w o r k e r s
Num ber
of
w o rke rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ber A v e ra ge
h o u r ly
of
w o rke rs
e a r n in g s

20—249 w o r k e r s
Num ber
of
w o rke rs

A v e ra ge
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
Num ber
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
w o rke rs
e a r n in g s

20— 249 w o r k e r s
Num ber
of
w o rke rs

A v e ra ge
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
A v e ra ge
Num ber
of
h o u r ly
w o rke rs
e a r n in g s

20— 249 w o r k e r s
Num ber
of
w orkers

A v e ra ge
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

M en
A s s e m b l e r s , c a s e g o o d s _______________________
A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s ______ _______
_____
C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s _______
____ __
G l u e r s , r o u g h s t o c k ___________ ____
M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y __
_______
M o l d in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p
an d o p e ra te ) _
______ __ ____ _________ __
M o l d in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) _____ __
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e
_____ ___ ______ _____
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e ___ __
__
__ __
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) _________
P la n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) _______________ ____
R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s . . ____________ ______________
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p an d o p e r a t e ) _________
R o u t e r o p e r a t o r s (fee d o n ly ) ___ .
__ __
R u b b e r s , fu r n it u r e ____ ____________ ._
Hand
M a c h in e
__
___ _
. _ __
__
_____
S a n d e r s , f u r n it u r e , h a n d
___ _______
_. _
S a n d e r s , fu r n it u r e , m a c h in e ____ ________ ____
R e lt
___
.
________ _ ___
O t h e r th an b e lt ______________________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a tic ( s e t u p
an d o p e r a t e ) ____ ^_____________________________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d ( s e t up
an d o p e r a t e ) _____ __ ____________ _____________
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , h a n d (fe e d o n ly ) ____________
Sp r a y e r a _____________ ,_____ ,
__________________ ,
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) _______
T e n o n e r o p e r a t o r s (fe e d o n ly ) ____ ___________

904
217
241
280
130

$ 1 .4 8
1 .44
1.48
1. 37
1.70

1,452
119
319
448
335

$ 1 .6 0
1.66
1. 62
1.50
1 .82

283
44
41
44
19

$1. 35
1. 36
1. 33
1. 33 *
1.78

258
48
-

$ 1 .4 6
1.60
-

1, 253
95
231
110
165

$2. 18
2. 03
2. 09
1.91
2. 29

613
_
55
87
92

$2. 03
2. 13
1.95
2. 04

789
43
155
121
58

$2. 56
2 .4 4
2. 85
2 .61
2 .8 6

88
26
747
384
70
39
327
133
47
266
221
45
571
1,042
680
362

1.69
1 .44
1. 33
1. 39
1. 51
1. 34
1.47
1.59
1.46
1. 34
1. 33
1 .42
1. 37
1 .44
1.44
1 .44

174
104
2, 110
687
118
74
537
250
204
1, 155
843
312
1,474
2, 283
1, 105
1, 178

1.79
1.51
1. 38
1.47
1. 68
1. 50
1.56
1.80
1 .52
1.47
1.45
1. 53
1.46
1. 57
1. 58
1. 55

13
72
111
-

8
16
142
71
9
38
14
37

1.66
1. 76
1 .48
1.45
1. 57

61
408
346
21

2. 22
1.68
1.91
1.91

73
19
240
149
29

2. 07
1. 87
1. 87
1.9 3
2. 05

16
18
216
72
16

2 .9 0
2. 50
2. 28
2. 38
3. 32

29
12
57

1.49
1. 33
1. 38
1.42
1.57
1 .40

17
108
187
145
42

1.49
1. 34
1. 39
1.40
1. 36

_
_
182
123
59

_
_
1.59
1. 61
1 .54

-

_

_

_

-

1.59
1. 36
1. 62

_

-

124
130
38
229
219
10
313
600
403
197

-

-

1 .9 4
2. 06
1. 81
1 .94
1. 95
1.91
1.90
1 .98
2. 05
1. 84

-

104
136
19
172
169

2. 13
1 .9 6
1.95
2. 06
2. 06

231
380
349
31

1 .9 4
2. 10
2. 10
2. 06

-

117
25
73
34
39
282
272
198
74

-

2. 85
3 .0 5
2. 37
2. 29
2 .4 4
2. 29
2. 59
2. 70
2. 29

54

1.49

146

1.75

-

-

8

1. 54

25

1.96

29

1 .9 8

19

3. 38

114
20
597
116
58

1.59
1.48
1.50
1. 54
1.49

171
132
1, 350
155
78

1. 83
1.61
1.59
1. 81
1. 61

-

-

14

1. 67

116
19
704
77
14

2. 14
1.99
2. 14
2. 28
1. 67

75
11
364
64
9

2. 07
1.95
2. 08
2. 12
1 .96

84
36
283
43
11

2 .9 5
2. 80
2. 61
2.9 1
2. 55

16

1.40

61
65
37
85
80
491
39
9
30
84

1. 36
1. 30
1. 39
1.41
1.40
1. 34
1. 39
1. 38
1.40
1. 51

149
50
127
38
38
431
85
52
33
100

1.63
1 .6 4
1. 69
1. 53
1. 53
1. 62
1. 65
1. 62
1. 71
1. 82

107
46

1. 78
1 .68

25

2. 35

14

2. 05

133
11
“

1.48
1. 60
"

-

-

129
18
"

1.66
1. 86
“

87

1. 38

W om en
A sse m b le r s, ca se goods
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e . . .
" P a c k e r s , fu r n itu r e
R u b b e r s , fu r n it u r e

_________

_____

_

S a n d e r s , f u r n itu r e , h a n d ______________________
S a n d e r s , f u r n itu r e , m a c h in e
B e l t ...................................................................
O th e r than b e lt .. __ _______________ ______
S p r a y e r , ----------------------------------------------------------------

53
65
65
257
167

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

123
64

1. 34
1. 37

28
31
31
29
34

_

_
55
55
127

_

_
_

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e a n d fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , an d la te s h ift s .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta fo r r e g io n s in a d d it io n to th o se sho w n s e p a r a te ly .
3 In c lu d e s d a ta fo r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to th o se show n s e p a r a t e ly .

NOTE: Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria,




_

_
1. 32
1. 32
1. 39

_

_
_

_

_

_
145
12

1.41
1. 59

_
14

_
1.47

_

234
_

’

_
_
28

_

1. 75

_

_
_
1.99

_
_
-

_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_

Table 6. Occupational Averages: By Labor-Management Contract Coverage
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by labor-management contract coverage, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
United States

New England

M iddle Atlantic

B ord er States

E stablishm ents with—
Sex and occu pation

None or
None or
None or
None or
M ajority
M ajority
M ajority
m in ority
m in ority
m in ority
m in ority
co v e r e d
c o v e re d
c o v ered
co v e re d
co v e r e d
co v e re d
covered
Number A verage Num ber A vera ge N um ber A v era ge Num ber A vera ge Num ber A v era ge Num ber A v era ge N um ber A v era ge Number A verage
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
hourly
of
of
hourly
w ork ers earnings w ork ers earnings w o rk e rs earnings w o rk e rs earnings w ork ers earnings w ork ers earnings w ork ers earnings w ork ers earnings
M ajority
co v e re d

M en
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e g o o d s ..______ ________ _____
A s s e m b le r s , c h a ir s ___ « . . .
______
C u t-o ff-s a w npftratnrti-----r—
G lu e r s , rough s tock __ _____________________
M aintenance m en, g en era l u tility _____________
M old in g -m ach in e o p e ra to rs (s e t up
and o p e r a t e )___________________________________
O ff-b e a r e r s , m a c h in e __________________________
P a ck e rs , fu r n itu r e _____________________________
P lan er o p e ra to rs (s e t up and o p e r a t e )________
R ip -sa w o p e r a t o r s ______________________________
R ou ter o p e ra to rs (s e t up and o p e r a t e )________
R outer o p e r a to r s (feed on ly)___________________
R u b b e rs , fu r n itu r e ___ _____________ __ ________ _
Hand
.............................................................
M achine__ __
___ __ . . . .
____
S an ders, fu rn itu re, h a n d . . ___ . .
S an ders, fu rn itu re, m achine
. - _______
____
B elt
.
Other than b elt________ —_____________________
Shaper o p e r a to r s , autom atic (s e t up
and operate)
_ _
. . .
Shaper o p e r a to r s , hand (s e t up
and op erate).
__ .
S p r a y e rs .
_ __
_.
. . .
____
T enoner op e r a to r s (set up and operate)
_ _

3,781
205
711
612
443

$2.13
2.01
2.30
1.88
2.26

4 ,530
753
1,054
1,289
878

$1.73
1.66
1.70
1.54
1.88

94
64
46
32
38

$1.96
2.14
2.03
2.01
1.97

163
61
51
58
37

$2.08
1.98
1.87
1.73
1.89

922
55
217
194
121

$2.28
1.95
2.40
1.64
2.39

363
123
107
75
84

$2.03
1.62
1.77
1.92
2.03

262
_
32
52
31

$1.85
_
2.03
1.70
2.06

789
65
152
322
135

$1.57
1.51
1.56
1.43
1.80

230
1,543
1,047
163
619
323
109
580
472
108
1,502
1,990
1, 310
680

2.16
1.73
1.81
2.28
2.18
2.09
1.83
2.06
2.05
2.10
1.84
1.95
2.05
1.75

456
4, 143
1, 781
314
1, 320
737
313
2,037
1,494
543
2,697
4,9 5 0
2,958
1,992

1.83
1.42
1.52
1.69
1.60
1.77
1.53
1.53
1.52
1.55
1.51
1.62
1.63
1.60

20
76
59
17
45
23

21
80
57
14
60
21
_
32
26
_
45
121
81
40

1.94
1.57
1.67
1.82
1.72
1.71
_
2.02
2.06
_
1.77
1.89
1.79
2.11

54
219
351
_
140
79
_
130
104
26
498
321
154
167

2.28
1.73
1.71
_
2.28
2.07
_
2.43
2.48
2.21
1.73
1.89
2.07
1.73

47
200
82
19
79
79
9
44
20
24
145
265
139
126

1.95
1.60
1.90
1.85
1.95
2.08
1.54
1.91
1.74
2.05
1.78
1.89
1.95
1.83

26
127
59
13
35
14
_
26
19
_
65
113
79
34

2.04
1.70
1.96
1.89
1.96
1.97

54
35
19
33
161
94
67

1.98
1.72
1.93
2.10
1.98
1.91
2.09
1.98
2.29
2.19
2.26
2.28
2.24

1.81
1.92
_
1.92
1.87
1.82
2.01

69
888
331
63
254
111
41
315
176
139
270
905
618
287

1.80
1.36
1.41
1.61
1.57
1.62
1.44
1.45
1.44
1.47
1.39
1.58
1.59
1.55

-

135

2.34

300

1.77

12

2.20

15

1.84

37

2.61

23

2.09

6

1.86

49

1.75

304
1,808
273

2.27
2.12
2.27

553
3,368
513

1.85
1.72
1.83

31
99
24

2.13
2.12
2.33

33
93
33

1.78
2.05
1.84

54
451
50

2.11
2.29
2.25

45
198
59

1.90
2.06
1.98

18
114
28

1.94
2.08
2.32

87
549
93

1.68
1.59
1.78

219
139
85
690
110
71
39
120

1.76
1.57
1.86
1.70
1.56
1.59
1.52
1.95

402
392
339
1,640
343
117
226
302

1.56
1.54
1.45
1.42
1.45
1.42
1.47
1.51

57
44
38
91
23

1.77
1.68
1.57
1.49
1.57
_
1.53
1.69

_
_
1.53

47
23
53
120
7

1.67
1.38
1.34
1.36
1.45

6
46

1.46
1.36

W om en
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e g o o d s ______ _________________
O ff-b e a r e r s , m achine -------------------------------------- P a c k e r s , fu r n itu r e ____ __ ______________________
S an ders, fu rn itu re, hand ____________________ _
S an ders, fu rn itu re, m achine
B e lt __________________________________________
Other than b e lt_______________________________
S p ra y ers

See footn otes at end o f table.




_
_
12
76
_
_

_

_
1.96
1.67
_
.

_

_
25
30
114
40
_
12
10

_
1.48
1.49
1.55
1.43
_
1.54
1.50

_
55
24
140
_
_

_

24

_
1.51
1.64
1.59
_
_

_

1.90

_

20
20

_
_
9
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_

_

Table .6. Occupational Averages: By Labor-$fanagement Contract Coverage---- Continued

00

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by labor-management contract coverage, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
Southwest

Southeast

G reat Lakes

P a cific

E stablishm ents with—
Sex and occu pation

None or
None or
None or
None o r
M ajority
M ajority
M ajority
m in ority
m in ority
m in ority
m inority
co v e r e d
cov e r e d
c o v e re d
co v e re d
cov e r e d
co v e r e d
covered
Number A verage Number A v era ge Num ber A v era ge N um ber A v era ge N um ber A v era ge Num ber A verage Num ber A vera ge N um ber A verage
hourly
hourly
hourly
hourly
hourly
of
of
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
h ou rly
of
Of
of
w ork ers earnings w ork ers earnings w ork ers earnings w o rk e rs earnings w o rk e rs earning8 w ork ers earnings w ork ers earnings w ork ers earnings
M ajority
c o v e re d

M en
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e g o o d s _
. —
— —
------A s s e m b le r s , c h a ir s —
. .
C u t-o ff-s a w o p e r a t o r s ^ . ---------------------------------G lu e rs , rough s tock --- ------------------------------ -------—
M aintenance m en, gen era l u t ilit y — . . . — ---- —
M old in g -m ach in e o p era tors (s e t up
and operate)____________________________________
O ff-b e a r e r s , m achine
—
—
------P a c k e r s , fu r n itu r e --------------------------------------------P lan er o p e ra to rs (s e t up and o p e r a t e )-------------R ip -s a w o p e r a to r s _______________— -------------------R ou ter op e r a to r s (s e t up and o p e r a t e )------------R ou ter op e r a to r s (feed on ly)——------------------------R u b b e r s , fu r n itu r e ----------------- —---------------------- —
Hand
.......................................................................
M achine_____ — ------- ------- ------ ------------ —------ —
San ders, fu rn itu re, hand — —— ------------------------S an ders, fu rn itu re, m a c h in e ------------- -------------B elt
- ___ _______________________________
O ther than b e lt-----------------------------------------------Shaper o p e r a to r s , autom atic (s e t up
and operate)— — —
—— — — — — — —
Shaper o p e r a to r s , hand (s e t up
and operate)
—
----- . ..
S p ra y e rs —------- ----------------------------------------------------T en oner o p e ra to rs (s e t up and operate) -----------

1, 127
16
151
112
146

$2.16
2.08
2.18
2.01
2.27

739
114
135
85
111

$2.09
1.97
2.01
1.81
2.11

634
20
155
105
52

$2.61
2.38
2.91
2.73
2.88

273
30
67
43
-

$2.43
2.44
2.39
2.42
-

78
377
266
25
137
120
27
202
195
7
340
522
408
114

2.18
1.80
1.93
2.05
2.15
2.13
1.88
2.09
2.09
2.03
1.93
2.09
2.14
1.91

56
271
229
25
91
146
30
199
193
6
204
458
344
114

2.08
1.68
1.90
1.93
1.84
1.91
1.84
1.90
1.90
1.74
1.90
1.95
1.99
1.83

20
256
117
20
138
22
31
54
25
29
265
251
228
23

2.81
2.28
2.34
3.15
2.78
3.13
2.37
2.41
2.30
2.51
2.38
2.63
2.63
2.64

9
20
31
21
80
96
37
59

2.03
2.37
2.24
2.24
1.98
2.33
2.64
2.14

600
_
81
89
42

$1.64
_
1.62
1.44
1.67

1,756
328
479
639
423

$1.53
1.50
1.55
1.45
1.80

142
25
29
28
13

$1.45
1.40
1.48
1.43
1.86

399
32
60
58
43

$1.39
1.35
1.47
1.43
1.82

19
389
138
13
90
49
33
98
78
.
253
454
245
.

1.74
1.38
1.47
1.73
1.54
1.85
1.47
1.43
1.44

243
2,468
933
175
774
334
218
1, 323
986
337
1,792
2,871
1,540
1, 331

1.76
1.37
1.44
1.61
1.53
1.71
1.51
1.45
1.42
1.53
1.44
1.53
1.52
1.53

13
99
57
9
34
16
_
_
30
162
96
66

1.69
1.45
1.37
1.67
1.56
1.56
_
1.38
1.50
1.50
1.51

115
125
33
14
90
69
21
140
207
172
-

1.40
1.42
1.46
1.36
1.48
1.47
1.50
1.41
1.47
1.49
-

29

1.68

171

1.68

9

1.53

-

19

2.18

35

1.86

23

3.41

-

.
247
38

.
1.59
1.75

261
1,700
233

1.72
1.56
1.68

12
83
12

1.65
1.59
1.63

179
17

1.56
1.85

104
590
80

2.18
2.14
2.28

87
478
61

2.03
2.09
2.11

61
200
41

3.04
2.65
2.87

37
147
14

76
77
90
740
206
53
153
139

1.36
1.29
1.32
1.32
1.35
1.33
1.35
1.45

74
193
28

1.30
1.40
1.41

106
40
40
286
40
22
18
69

1.72
1.79
2.03
1.78
1.64
1.67
1.60
1.96

150
56
115
379
50
30
59

1.68
1.57
1.55
1.58
1.68
1.57
1.73

30
57
-

2.34
2.19
-

-

_

1.38
1.52
1.56
-

-

-

2.68
2.51
2.65

W om en
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e g o o d s — ------— --------------------O ff-b e a r e r s , m a c h in e —
.
P a ck e rs , fu r n itu r e ________________ —___ — -----S an ders, fu rn itu re, h a n d .— —
---------------—
S an ders, fu rn itu re, m a c h in e ----------------------------B elt
.......
.........................................
Other than b elt—— — ------- — — -------------------S p r a y e rs ---------------------------------------------------------------

_
.
_
.

_

_
-

.
_

1 E xclu des prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays,
2 Includes data fo r region s in addition to those shown separately.

NOTE:

_

79
-

_
_

_

1.40
_
-

and late shifts.

Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.




-

Table 7. Occupational Averages: By Labor-Management Contract Coverage and Size of Community
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of men in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by labor-management contract coverage and size of community, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
United States 2

B o r d e r States

Middle Atlantic

G reat Lakes

Southeast

E stablishm ents with—
O ccupation and size* o f com m u nity

M ajority
c o v e re d
Num­ A v e r ­
be r
age
Of hourly
w o rk ­ earn ­
ers
ings

A s s e m b le r s , c a s e goods:
M etrop olitan a r e a s ---------------------------------------N onm etropolitan a r e a s ---------------------------------C u t-o ff-s a w o p e r a to r s :
M etrop olitan a r e a s ------------------------------------- —
N onm etropolitan a rea s
—
------G lu e rs , rough stock:
M etrop olitan a r e a s ---------------------------------------N onm etropolitan a r e a s ---------------------------------M aintenance m en, gen era l utility:
M etrop olitan a r e a s ---------------------------------------N onm etropolitan a r e a s -----—-------------------------M old in g -m ach in e o p e r a to r s (s e t up
and operate):
---- .
M etrop olitan a rea s
.
. — N onm etropolitan a r e a s -----—-------------------------O ff-b e a r e r s , m achine:
M etrop olitan a rea s
— ----- ~
N onm etropolitan a r e a s ---------------------------------P a c k e r s , furniture:
M etrop olitan a rea s
----- — -----------N onm etropolitan a r e a s --------------------------------P la n er op e r a to r s (s e t up and operate):
M etrop olitan a rea s — ------.----------------------------N onm etropolitan a r e a s --------------------------------R ip -s a w op e r a to r s :
M etrop olitan a r e a s ---------------------------------------N onm etropolitan a r e a s ---------------------------------R ou ter o p e ra to rs (s e t up and op erate):
M etrop olitan a r e a s ---------------------------------------N onm etropolitan a r e a s --------------------------------R u bbers, furniture:
M etrop olitan a r e a s ----------------------------------N onm etropolitan a re a s —-------------------------Hand:
M etrop olitan a r e a s ----------------------------------N onm etropolitan a r e a s ---------------------------S an ders, fu rn itu re, hand:
M etrop olitan a rea s ---------------------------------------N onm etropolitan area s - — ----..
S an ders, furn itu re, m achine:
M etrop olitan a r e a s ----------------------------------N onm etropolitan a r e a s ---------------------------Belt:
M etrop olitan a r e a s ----------------------------------N onm etropolitan a r e a s ---------------------------O ther than belt:
M etrop olitan area s ------- -------N onm etropolitan a r e a s ----------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




2,204 $ 2 .2 9
1.90
1,577

Non e o r
M ajority
mine rity
co v e r e d
cov<;re d
Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­
be r
ber
age
age
hourly
of
of
hourly
w o rk ­ e a rn ­ w o rk ­ earn ­
e rs
ings
e rs
ings

2,013 $ 1 .8 6
1.62
2, 517

747 $ 2 .3 2
2. 11
175

None o r
None o r
M a jority
m in ority
m in ority
covered
covered
covered
Num ­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ Num ­ A v e r ­
be r
be r
be r
age
age
age
hourly
hourly
of
hourly
of
of
w o rk ­ e a rn ­ w o rk ­ e a rn ­ w o rk ­ ea rn ­
ings
e rs
ings
e rs
ings
ers

155 $ 2 .0 7

125 $ 1 .5 0

420 $ 1 .6 1
1.53
369

None or
Non e or
M ajority
M ajority
m in ority
mino >rity
cov e r e d
cov ered
c o v ered
cov<;red
Num­ A v e r ­ Num ­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ N um ­ •Aver­
be r
b er
b er
ber
age
age
age
age
hourly
hourly
o f hourly
Of
of
hourly
of
w o rk ­ earn ­ w o rk ­ ea rn ­ w ork ­ ea rn ­ w ork ­ earn ­
e rs
ings
e rs
ings
ers
ings
ers
ings

357 $ 1 .6 6
1. 50
1,399

355 $ 2 .2 5
772
2. 12

380 $ 2 .2 1
1.96
359

623 $ 2 .6 1
-

423
288

2. 52
1.97

331
723

1.77
1.66

181
36

2 .49
1.94

39

1.98

14

1.83

59
93

1. 50
1.60

87
392

1.59
1.54

22
129

2. 19
2. 18

55
80

2. 15
1.91

151
-

2.91
-

346
266

1.97
1.76

323
966

1.65
1.50

154
40

1.57
1.92

48

1.83

24

1.43

86
236

1.51
1.40

107
532

1.44
1.45

24
88

2. 16
1.97

23
62

1.95
1.76

99
-

2.74
-

206
237

2 .50
2.0 5

223
655

1.94
1.86

72
49

2 .6 0
2 .08

59

2. 14

17

1.69

30
105

1.88
1.78

78
345

1.80
1.80

43
103

2 .2 3
2 .2 8

48
63

2 .2 8
1.98

50
-

2.87
-

86
144

2 .28
2.0 9

128
328

1.87
1.81

23
31

2 .3 6
2 .22

26

1.98

12

1.92

14
55

1.76
1.81

64
179

1.86
1.72

9
69

2 .4 4
2. 14

16
40

2 .2 5
2.01

18
-

2 .80
-

559
984

1.91
1.62

923
3,220

1.43
1.42

64
155

1.71
1.74

108

1.69

66

1.46

247
641

1.40
1.35

451
2,017

1.39
1.36

86
291

1.67
1.84

69
202

1.60
1.71

232
-

2 .26
-

649
398

1.82
1.80

533
1,248

1.61
1.49

53

1.83

57

1.89

29

1.52

113
218

1.49
1.37

160
773

1.51
1.42

109
157

1.78
2 .0 4

112
117

1.99
1.81

I ll
-

2 .33
-

102
61

2 .47
1.96

72
242

1.72
1.68

13

1.97

6

1.96

7

1.80

27
36

1.62
1.60

22
153

i.8 a
1.58

7
18

2.07
2 .0 4

20

1.94

20
-

3. 15
-

347
272

2 .3 8
1.92

335
985

1.63
1.59

82
58

2 .53
1.93

53

1.98

15

1.74

114
140

1.55
1.59

147
627

1.56
1. 52

47
90

2. 11
2. 18

10
81

1.98
1.83

133
-

2.79
-

157 • 2 .19
166
1.99

232
505

1.90
1.71

44
35

2. 14
1.97

49

1.98

6

1.76

27
84

1.61
1.62

99
235

1.84
1.65

26
94

2 .2 8
2 .0 8

51
95

2 .0 8
1.82

22

3. 13

-

-

252
328

2.19
1.96

542
1,495

1.58
1. 50

80
50

2 .33
2 .5 8

36

204
268

2.17
1.96

443
1,051

1. 57
1.49

72
32

2 .3 8
2.71

-

884
618

1.94
1.69

760
1,937

1.61
1.47

418
80

1.72
1.77

63

891
1,099

2 .06
1.86

1,520
3,430

1.66
1.60

171
150

1.78
2.02

145

1.99

84

1.63

265
640

1. 57
1. 58

684
2, 187

1. 52
1.53

156
366

2. 19
2 .0 5

208
250

2 .0 6
1.86

249
-

2.63
-

608
702

2. 18
1.94

992
1,966

1.65
1.62

51
103

2.07
2.07

97

1.99

60

1.62

212
406

1. 58
1.60

423
1, 117

1.48
1. 54

119
289

2. 19
2. 12

157
187

2. 10
1.90

228
-

2.63
-

283
397

1.81
1.71

528
1,464

1.68
1.57

120
47

1.66
1.92

48

1.99

24

1.63

234

1. 55

261
1,070

1. 58
1.52

37
77

2. 18
1.78

51
63

1.93
1.75

21

2. 64

-

1.93
i .9 2

.

-

-

-

-

148
167

1.51
1.40

208
1, 115

1.41
1.45

68
134

2. 16
2 .0 5

83
116

1.99
1.83

54
-

2.41
-

-

-

61

1.35

183
803

1.41
1.42

61
134

2. 18
2 .0 5

77
116

2.01
1.83

25
-

2 .30
-

62
208

1.48
1.36

338
1,454

1.51
1.43

84
256

1.95
1.92

84
120

1.97
1.84

265
-

2.3 8
-

12

1.42

.

(0

Table 7... Occupational Averages: By Labor-Management; Contract Coverage and Size of Community— Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of men in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by labor-management contract coverage and size of community, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
United States 1
2

M iddle Atlantic

B o r d e r States

Southeast

G reat Lakes

E stablishm ents with—
O ccupation and s iz e o f com m u nity

Shaper o p e r a to r s , autom atic (s e t up
and operate):
M etrop olitan a r e a s ---------------------------------------N onm etropolitan area s
__ ______ _____
Shaper o p e r a to r s , hand (se t up
and op erate):
M etrop olitan a r e a s ---------------------------------------N onm etropolitan a r e a s ---------------------------------S p ray ers:
M etrop olitan a reas —-------------------------------------N onm etropolitan a reas
- -------- ------- —
T en on er o p e r a to r s (s e t up and operate):
M etrop olitan a r e a s ---------------------------------------N onm etropolitan a reas —— ------------------- ------

None or
None o r
M ajority
m in ority
m in ority
co ve re d
c o v e re d
co v e r e d
N um ­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­
ber
ber
ber
be r
age
age
age
age
hourly
hourly
of
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
w o r k ­ ea rn ­ w o rk ­ earn ­ w ork ­ ea rn ­ w o rk ­ e a rn ­
e rs
ers
ings
ers
e rs
ings
ings
ing8
M ajority
c o v e re d

71 $ 2 .7 6
64
1 .8 8

64 $1.91
236
1.73

-

-

2.46
2 .08

191
362

2 .05
1.74

898
910

2.21
2 .0 4

1,041
2, 327

1.93
1.63

280
171

115 - 2 .46
158
2. 13

124
389

1.95
1.79

13

37

-

2 .2 6
2 .3 5

116

1.97

2.41
2 .1 9

40

-

-

2 .0 4

Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.




-

-

2 .02

1 E xclu des prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Includes data fo r re g io n s in addition to those shown separately.

NOTE:

-

12 $ 2 .0 5
34

20 $2.20
34 2 .0 5

153
151

-

None o r
None o r
Non e or
M ajority
M ajority
m in o rity
m in ority
mine •rity
cov e r e d
cov e r e d
covered
co v e r e d
cov<sred
Num­ A v e r ­ Num ­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ Num ­ A v e r ­
b er
be r
be r
ber
ber
age
ber
age
age
age
age
age
o f hourly
hourly
of
hourly
hourly
of
of
of
hourly
hourly
of
w o rk ­ e a rn ­ w o rk ­ e a rn ­ w o rk ­ ea rn ­ w o rk ­ ea rn ­ w ork ­ ea rn ­ w o rk ­ ea rn ­
e rs
ers
e rs
ings
ers
ers
ings
ings
ings
ers
ings
ing?
M ajority
co v e r e d

-

-

-

40 $ 1 .7 7

31 $ 1 .7 7
140
1.66

6 $ 2 .4 3
13 ‘2 .0 6

30 $ 1 .8 0

23 $ 3 .4 1
_
_

-

-

10 $1.70
-

28
59

1.72
1.66

63
198

1.81
.1.69

30
74

2 .3 0
2. 13

44
43

2 .2 4
1.82

60
_

3 .0 5
_

1.68

140
409

1.66
1. 56

297
1,403

1.63
1.55

180
410

2 .0 9
2. 17

235
243

2 .2 3
1.96

196
_

2 .6 5
_

25
68

1.89
1.75

42
191

1.75
1.67

21
59

2 .4 2
2 .2 3

19
42

2 .3 5
2 .0 0

36

2 .8 8

-

51
-

13

-

2.01

Table-8.. Occupational Averages: By Labor-Management Contract Coverage and Size of Establishment
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of men in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by labor-management contract coverage and size of establishment, United States and selected regions, May-Jhne 1965)
United States 2

M iddle Atlantic

Southeast

B ord er States

G reat Lakes

E stablishm ents with—

Num­ A v e r ­
ber
age
hourly
of
w ork ­ earn ­
e rs
ings

O ccupation and s ize o f establishm ent

A s s e m b le r s , c a s e goods:
20—
249 w o r k e r s _______________________ ______
250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e
C u t-o ff-s a w o p e r a to r s :
20—
249 w o rk e rs
_
_
250 w o rk e rs o r m o re
G lu ers, rough s to c k :
20—
249 w o rk e rs
250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e
_ _
M aintenance m en, g en eral utility:
20—
249 w o r k e r s —
250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e
M old in g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs (s e t up
and op era te):
20—
249 w o r k e r s .
250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e _______________________
O ff-b e a r e r s , m achine:
20—
249 w o rk e rs ________—________ —______ ____
250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e —. . . __ —__ ____________
P a ck e rs , furniture:
20—
249 w o rk e rs
____
250 w o rk e rs o r m o re
P lan er op e r a to r s (s e t up and operate):
20—
249 w o rk e rs
• 250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e
R ip -s a w o p e r a to r s :
20-249 w o rk e rs
_
250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e __________________ ____
Route* o p e ra to rs (s e t up and operate):
20—
249 w o rk e rs
250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e
R u bbers, furniture:
20—
249 w o rk e rs ___________ _______________
250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e
Hand:
20—
249 w ork ers
250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e
Sanders, fu rn itu re, hand:
20—
249 w o rk e rs ---------------------------------------------250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e ________ ______________
San ders, furn itu re, m achine:
20-249 w o rk e rs ___________________________
250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e _________ __________
Belt:
20—
249 w o rk e rs -------,--------------------------------250 w o rk e rs o r m o r e ..
Other than belt:
20—
249 w o rk e rs ___________________________
25Q w o rk e rs o r m ore

Non e o r
Non*i o r
M ajority
mine >rity
mine irity
co v e re d
cove red
cove tred
Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­
ber
b er
be r
age
age
age
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
w o rk ­ earn ­ w ork ­ ea rn ­ w o rk ­ earn ­
ers
ings
e rs
ers
ings
ings

2,465 $2.23
1,316
1.94

2,411 $1.8 3
1.61
2,119

813
109

$2.31
2 .07

289

M ajority
co v e re d

-

M ajority
co v e r e d
Num­ A v e r ­
be r
age
hourly
of
w o rk ­ ea rn ­
ers
ings

$2. 06
-

245

_
$ 1 .8 4

-

Non<s o r
Non*s o r
mine>rity
mine>rity
cove red
cove red
Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­
be r
ber
age
age
hourly
of
of
hourly
w o rk ­ ea rn ­ w ork ­ ea rn ­
ers
e rs
ings
ings

271
518

$1.67
1. 52

None or
M ajority
m in ority
cov ered
covered
Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­
ber
ber
ber
age
age
age
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
w ork ­ earn ­ w ork ­ ea rn ­ w ork­ earn­
ers
ers
ings
ings
ers
ings
M ajority
cov e r e d

687 $ 1 .4 9
1. 56
1,069

756
371

$2. 16
2. 17

497
242

$2.21
1.83

552
_

$2.63
_

541
170

2.37
2.07

559
495

1.67
1.72

189
28

2 .4 3
2. 16

91
-

1.74
-

26

2.01

70
82

1.46
1.65

198
281

1.44
1.63

118
33

2. 19
2. 15

113
22

1.99
2. 10

130
_

2.90
_

367
245

1.96
1.76

576
713

1. 54
1. 54

164
30

1.61
1.82

66
_

1.96
_

50

_
1.70

80
242

1.40
1. 44

262
377

1.36
1.51

55
57

2. 08
1.94

55
30

1.73
1.95

87
_

2. 74
_

276
167

2.42
2. 00

366
512

1.92
1.85

84
37

2. 56
1.99

69
_

2.01
_

28

38
97

1. 82
1.79

111
312

1.70
1.83

81
65

2 .38
2. 13

84
27

2. 20
1.83

52
_

2. 88
_

114
116

2. 31
2. 01

206
250

1.79
1.86

45
9

2 .2 5
2 .4 0

34
_

1.91

787
756

1. 83
1. 62

1,306
2,837

1.41
1.43

168
51

1.70
1.82

181
-

678
369

1.80
1. 83

820
961

1. 56
1.49

330
21

1.68
2. 13

105
58

2.47
1.93

141
173

1.58
1.77

59
7

366
253

2 .3 4
1.94

576
744

1. 57
1.62

180
143

2. 16
1.99

322
415

286
294

2 .1 5
1.97

221
251

-

-

-

2 .0 9

22

2.01

24
45

1.86
1.76

88
155

1.69
1.80

27
51

2.37
2.07

34
22

2. 10
2. 05

16
_

2. 90
_

1. 57
_

_
123

_
1.70

176
712

1.37
1. 36

645
1,823

1.31
1.38

213
164

1.79
1.82

195
76

1. 57
1.98

200
_

2. 31
_

67
_

1.90
_

_
56

_
1.97

86
245

1.41
1.42

343
590

1.39
1.47

171
95

1.90
1.99

175
54

1.92
1.81

66
_

2 .4 6
2 .0 2

18
-

1. 84
-

10

1.86

29
34

1. 56
1.66

70
105

1. 51
1.68

10
15

2. 13
2 .0 0

11
14

1.70
2. 11

.
_

111
29

2 .3 3
2. 10

65
_

1.95
_

_
29

_
1.92

73
181

1. 50
1. 60

302
472

1.46
1. 57

67
70

2. 14
2. 17

57
34

1.72
2.06

103
_

2.91

1.76
1.78

62
_

2 .0 6
_

47
_

2. 14
_

11

2.0 3

47
64

1.59
1. 63

120
214

1.58
1.78

59
61

2. 17
2 .0 8

71
75

1.96
1.87

22
_

3. 13

598
1,439

1.59
1. 50

88
42

2 .3 6
2.57

35
-

2. 01
_

_
26

1.81

59
256

1. 38
1.47

259
1,064

1.34
1.47

91
111

1.95
2 .2 0

138
61

1.94
1.80

42
_

2.4 6
_

2. 10
2 .00

468
1,026

1. 58
1.49

71
33

2 .4 5
2. 56

16
-

1.80
-

_
19

.
1.92

32
144

1. 34
1.46

214
772

1.32
1.45

87
108

1.9 4
2.21

132
61

1.95
1.80

13
_

2 .36
_

979
523

1.85
1.83

1,096
1,061

1.55
1.48

449
49

1.68
2. 14

137

1.78
-

46

2. 04

89
181

1.40
1.39

475
1,317

1. 37
1.47

147
193

1.91
1.94

166
38

1.88
1.98

205
_

2.40
_

1,077
913

2 .03
1.86

1,914
3,036

1.62
1.61

256
65

1.83
2. 14

232

1.88

_
93

_
1.91

142
763

1. 54
1. 59

917
1,954

1.44
1. 57

303
219

2 .0 5
2. 16

297
161

1.92
2.0 2

182
_

2.71
_

711
599

2 .13
1.96

1,203
1,755

1.61
1.64

113
41

2 .0 5
2. 11

109
-

1.9 4
-

_
68

_
1.84

94
524

1. 50
1. 61

584
956

1.43
1. 58

209
199

2. 12
2. 17

194
150

1.98
2. 01

161

2.71

366
314

1.83
1. 67

711
1,281

1.64
1. 57

143
24

1.65
2. 18

123

1.83

_
25

_
2. 10

48
239

1. 62
1. 53

333
998

1.45
1. 56

94
20

1.89
2.0 2

103
11

1.80
2. 14

21

2. 66

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
'

See footnotes at end of table.




2.41 .
_
_
_

_
'

Tabic 8. Occupational Averages: By Labor-Management Contract Coverage and Size of Establishment---- Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of men in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by labor-management contract coverage and size of establishment, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
United State s 2
1

M iddle Atlantic

B ord er States

Southeast

G reat Lakes

E stablishm ents with—
M ajority
c o v e re d

O ccupation and s ize o f establishm ent

Num­ A v e r ­
be r
age
hourly
of
w ork ­ earn­
ers
ings

Shaper o p e r a to r s ,
and op erate):
20—
249 w ork ers
250 w o rk e rs o r
Shaper O perators,
and operate^:
20—
249 w ork ers
250 w o rk e rs o r
S p ra y ers:
20—
249 w ork ers
250 w o rk e rs o r
T en oner o p e ra to rs
20—
249 w ork ers
250 w o rk e rs o r

None o r
m in ority
co v e re d
Num­ A v e r ­
ber
age
hourly
of
w ork ­ earn­
e rs
ings

None o r
M ajority
m in ority
covered
covered
Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­
ber
be r
be r
age
age
age
hourly
of
of
hourly
of
hourly
w ork ­ earn ­ w ork ­ ea rn ­ w o rk ­ earn ­
ers
e rs
ers
ings
ings
ings
M ajority
co v e r e d

None o r
None o r
None or
M ajority
M ajority
m in ority
m in ority
m in ority
covered
cov e r e d
covered
covered
cov e r e d
Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r ­ Num­ A v e r­
ber
be r
b er
ber
age
age
ber
age
age
age
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
of
hourly
of
hourly
w o rk ­ ea rn ­ w o rk ­ ea rn ­ w ork ­ ea rn ­ w ork ­ earn ­ w ork ­ earn ­
e rs
ers
ers
ings
ings
ers
ings
ers
ings
ings

autom atic (s e t up
__
m ore
hand (s e t up

-

- -

_
- _
m o r e ---------------------------------,
—
m ore
—
(s e t up and op erate):
m o r e ------------------------------------

106 $1.72
194
1.79

26
-

$ 2 .8 5
_

23
-

$2. 09

-

-

-

2 .42
2 .06

295
258

1.86
1.83

49

2. 11

33

1.88

1,077
731

2. 19
2.03

1,508
1,860

1.82
1. 65

346
105

2 .28
2.33

158
-

2. 07
-

155
118

2.37
2. 14

250
263

1.78
1.87

36
14

2.27
2. 19

42

1.96

76
59

$2. 59
2.03

178
126

-

-

-

1 E x clu des prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Includes data fo r re g io n s in addition to those shown separately.

NOTE: Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.




-

-

6
43

$ 1 .4 0
1.80

50
121

$1 .4 9
1.76

12

$2. 16

-

-

-

-

17

$1 .9 5

27
60

1.68
1.68

110
151

1. 60
1. 81

49
55

1. 54
515
1. 60 1,185

1. 50
1.59

103
130

1. 54
1.80

-

-

93

2. 12

24

2.31

-

149
400
28
65

1. 83
1.77

13
22

$ 1 .7 8
1.90

17
_

$3.37
_

2.21
2. 15

67
20

2 .0 8
1.87

56
_

3. 09
_

'340
250

2. 15
2. 13

364
114

2. 13
1.98

148
_

2.73
_

42
38

2 .3 6
2. 19

35
26

2. 18
2. 01

35

2.93

Table SL Occupational Averages,: By Method of Wage Payment
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by method of wage payment, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
United States 2
Sex and occu pation

New England

B ord er States

M iddle Atlantic

Incentive
Incentive
Incentive
Incentive
T im ew ork ers
T im e w o rk e rs
T im ew ork ers
w o rk e rs
w o rk e rs
w o rk e rs
w ork ers
Number A verage Num ber A v era ge Num ber A v era ge Num ber A v era ge Num ber A v era ge Num ber A v era ge Number A v era ge Number A verage
hourly
of
of
hourly
hourly
of
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
hourly
hourly
of
of
w ork ers earnings w o rk e rs earnings w o rk e rs earnings w o rk e rs earnings w o rk e rs earnings w o rk e rs earnings w ork ers earnings w ork ers earnings
T im ew ork ers

M en
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e good s_____ __ ___ ____ __
A s s e m b le r s , c h a ir s ____________________________
C u t-o ff-s a w o p e r a to r s __ _______________________
G lu e r s , rough s t o c k ..________ _____ __________
M aintenance m en , gen era l u t ilit y _____________
M old in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s (s e t u p
____ ________ . .
___
and operate)
M old in g -m ach in e o p e ra to rs (fe e d o n ly ).. .
O ff-b e a r e r s , m a c h in e __ _____ _. ______ ____
P a c k e r s , fu r n itu r e ______
_____
____ . .
P la n er o p e r a to r s (set up and operate) _
___
P la n er o p e r a to r s (feed only) ___ ____ _______
R ip -s a w o p e r a t o r s .._____ ______________________
Rou ter o p e r a to r s (set up and o p e r a t e )________
R ou ter o p e r a to r s (fe e d o n ly ). __ _______ ____
•Rubbers, fu r n itu r e _____________________________
Hand
......... .
,
.. . . . ___
M a ch in e,..................................
, , ,
San ders, fu rn itu re, hand______________ ________
S an ders, fu rn itu re, m a ch in e __________________
B elt
_
O ther than b elt_______________________________
Shaper o p e r a t o r s , autom atic (s e t u p
and operate)
Shaper o p e r a t o r s , autom atic (fe e d o n ly )______
Shaper o p e r a t o r s , hand (s e t up
and operate) - — ______
- —. ______r_
Shaper o p e r a to r s , hand (fe e d o n ly )____________
S p ray ers
__ _. _.
_ ._
___
T en oner o p e r a to r s (s e t up and o p e r a te )_______
T en on er o p e r a to r s (fe e d on ly)_________________

6, 199
726
1,459
1,537
1,260

$1. 83
1. 63
1.91
1.59
2. 00

2, 112
232
306
364
61

$2. 15
2. 06
2. 06
1.91
2. 27

133
53
46
45
75

$1. 81
1.75
1.66
1.62
1.93

124
72
51
45
-

$2. 28
2. 29
2. 20
2. 04
-

823
123
257
202
181

504
218
4 ,866
2,291
385
180
1,582
730
393
2, 152
1,609
543
3,478
5,586
3,335
2,251

1.87
1.62
1.45
1.55
1. 85
1. 58
1. 74
1.79
1.59
1.55
1. 54
1.57
1. 58
1.63
1.68
1. 56

182
41
820
537
92
45
357
330
29
465
357
108
721
1, 354
933
421

2. 14
1.78
1.80
1.99
2. 07
1. 56
2.00
2. 04
1. 87
2.07
2. 10
2. 00
1. 88
2. 04
2.04
2. 04

18
75
65
12
18
53
29
27
25
_
44
89
65
24

1.76
1. 38
1.53
1.61
1. 56
1.60
1.71
1.85
1.85
1. 62
1. 59
1. 61
1.55

23
81
51
19
52
15
59
36
23
34
193
110
83

2. 11
1.89
2. 15
2. 20
2. 06
2. 02
2. 16
2. 13
2. 22
2. 38
2. 34
2. 32
2. 38

44
266
332
124
78
66
53
13
498
340
118
222

346
136

1.89
1.90

89
16

2. 15
1. 64

15
-

1. 87
-

12
-

2. 17
-

-

658
284
4 ,0 9 2
582
194

1.97
1.76
1.78
1. 88
1.72

199
13
1,084
204
50

2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

38
7
99
29
"

1.68
1. 56
1. 82
1. 65

26
93
28
-

2. 34
2. 37
2. 46
■

46
14
353
52
■

1.97
1. 74
2. 16
1.96
■

53
296
57
"

410
81
381
316
436
409
1,737
388
150
238
296

1.61
1.50
1.49
1.43
1. 38
1. 38
1.42
1.44
1.41
1.45
1.50

211
18
150
108
73
65
593
65
38
27
126

_

_
1. 34
1. 38
1. 36
1. 34

_

81
43
28
_
144
22

1. 74
1.46
1. 63
1.45
1.40

24
56
34
10
87
11

09
07
18
27
81

$2.
1.
2.
1.
2.

22
57
21
58
27

462
67
67
-

$2. 18
2. 13
2. 13
-

87 3
54
159
301
166

$1. 58
1. 54
1.59
1.42
1. 85

178
28
25
73
.

$1.95
1.71
1.98
1.66
_

2. 04
1.49
1. 63
2. 17
1.98
2. 26
2. 37
1. 82
1. 70
1.77
2. 00
1.65

57
153
101
23
95
80
108
71
37
145
246
175
71

2. 20
1.98
2. 12
2. 20
2. 15
2. 16
2. 32
2. 36
2. 24
1.89
2. 06
2. 02
2. 16

65
49
888
337
59
30
235
105
53
302
179
123
279
875
614
261

1. 82
1.47
1. 37
1.42
1.63
1.46
1.60
1. 63
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.45
1.40
1. 59
1. 60
1. 55

30
127
53
17
54
20
_
_
56
_
83
_

1.96
1. 67
1.98
1. 75
1.69
1.79
1.93
1. 76
-

31
-

2 .25
-

44
34

1. 78
1. 63

-

2. 06
2. 29
2. 24
"

83
35
577
100
12

1.69
1. 58
1. 60
1. 78
1. 52

22
86
21
"

1. 86
2. 13
2. 51
“

1. 55
1.68
1. 58
2. 16
1.72
1.79

39
31
62
178
126
-

1.69
1. 39
1. 37
1. 31
1. 36
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

,

-

W om en
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e goods
. __ ________
G lu e r s , rough stock _________
O ff-b e a r e r s , m achine
. . . . .
. ___ ______
P a c k e r s , fu rniture . . . .
. . . .
. .
R u b b e r s , fu r n itu r e ___________________________I_
H and__________________ __ ___________ ______ ___
San ders, fu rn itu re, hand______________________
Sander8, fu rn itu re, m achine _ ________ __ ■
_
B elt
. .
..
.. .......... _ ______
O ther than belt
____ _____ __ . __ . .
S p r a y e r ,---------------------------------------------------------------

1. 67
1. 77
1. 68
1. 83
1. 83
1. 84
1. 76
1. 74
1. 80
1. 64
1.95

38
23
_
125
38
-

10
10

-

1. 38
1. 50

19
23
22
65
14
-

_

1.93
1.95
1.95
2.05
1.91
-

-

20
15

-

1. 33
1.48

-

8
29

-

1. 80
1.97

-

47

-

1. 36

See footn otes at end o f table.




10

CO

Table 9. Occupational Averages: By Method of Wage Payment---- Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by method of wage payment, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
Southeast

Southwest

G reat Lakes

P a c ific

Incentive
Incentive
Incentive
Incentive
T im ew orkers
T im ew ork ers
T im ew ork ers
w orkers
w ork ers
w o rk e rs
w ork ers
Number A v era ge Number A verage Number A v era ge Num ber A v era ge Num ber A v era ge Num ber A v era ge Num ber A v era ge Num ber A verage
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
of
hourly
hourly
of
hourly
w ork ers earnings w ork ers earnings w o rk e rs earnings worker/s earnings w o rk e rs earnings w o rk e rs earnings w ork ers earnings w ork ers earnings
T im ew orkers

Sex and occu pation

M en
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e g o o d s _________________________ 2, 112
328
A s s e m b le r s , c h a ir s ___ __________________________
533
Cut - o f f - saw o p e ra to r s_________—__ __ ___________
678
M aintenance m en, g e n e ra l u t ilit y __ —
459
M old in g -m ach in e o p e r a to r s (s e t up
245
110
M old in g -m ach in e o p e r a to r s (fe e d on ly)_________
O ff-b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ___ ________________________ 2,766
987
P ack er 8, furnitur e ____________ __ _____ ____ _____
182
P la n e r op e ra to rs (se t up and o p e r a t e )__ __ _____
P la n e r op e r a to r s (feed on ly)____________________
85
Rip-Haw o p e ra to rs
828
R ou ter o p era tors (s e t up and op erate) „
317
251
R ou ter o p e ra to rs (feed on ly )_____________________
R u b b e r s , fu r n itu r e ____—_________________________ 1, 378
...... . „
1,023 *
Hand
M achine .
........... ...............................
355
S an ders, furn itu re, han d________________________ 1,874
S an ders, furn itu re, m achine — — — — — ——— — 3, 120
_
_
_
R e lt ..
1,684
O ther than helt
1,436
Shaper o p e r a to r s , autom atic (set up
and operate)
191
30
Shaper o p e r a to r s , autom atic (fe e d only) —— _
—
Shaper o p e r a to r s , hand (s e t up
and operate)
..... .
__
_____ ________
260
152
Shaper o p e r a to r s , hand (fe e d o n ly )____________ 1,897
S p ra y ers—
---- —
—
------------ —
254
T en on er o p e r a to r s (s e t up and o p e r a t e )________
111
T en on er o p e ra to rs (feed only) — — — __

$1.5 3
1. 50
1.56
1.45
1.781. 73
1.48
1. 36
1.42
1.61
1.42
1. 53
1. 65
1.51
1.45
1.42
1. 52
1.42
1.51
1. 52
1. 50

_
27
_

_

_
-

_
-

911
185

_

-

$1. 37
1. 37
1. 36
1. 34
1.82

19
12
144
134
7
53
18
17
120
273
185
88

1. 53
1.57
1. 37
1. 35
1. 62
1.46
1. 53
1.40
1. 34
1.41
1.40
1.43

9
13

1. 53
1.41

-

"

6
172
15
13

1. 36
1.49
1.61
1. 36

90
“

_
-

77
16

1. 35
1. 31

_
-

_

84
-

1. 70
-

66

2. 08

*171
205
101
104

1.64
1. 75
1. 72
1. 79

1. 66
1.55

9

2. 16

1.71
1.59
1.56
1.67
1.52

"

229

$1.97
2. 03
1. 75
2. 16

955
56
101
88
28

$2. 28
1.96
2. 21
2. 14
2.4 8

871
46
220
137
82

$2. 55
2. 39
2.75
2. 62
2. 66

81
19
354
295
28
124
149
37
243
238
_
281
525
379
146

2. 10
1. 87
1. 62
1.78
1. 82
1. 90
1.93
1.78
1. 82
1. 82
1. 82
1.91
1. 98
1. 75

53

2. 19

294
200
22
104
117
20
158
150
8
263
455
373
82

1.91
2. 12
2. 20
2. 19
2. 11
2. 00
2. 26
2. 27
1.95
2. 02
2. 16
2. 17
2. 09

26
24
373
126
32
29
156
25
31
81
46
35
343
331
257
74

2. 68
2. 40
2. 18
2. 32
2. 89
2. 31
2. 73
3. 05
2. 37
2. 35
2. 27
2. 45
2. 28
2 .5 3
2. 62
2. 22

32

428
48
56
56
53

$1. 60

1. 85

22

2. 15

26
-

3. 27

109

70
48
-

$1.55
1. 57
-

54
43
11
96
83

_
1.61
1. 62
1. 61
1.71
1.71

-

36
_
_

$2. 77
-

_

.

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

“

1.72
~

125
22
605
74
17

2. 11
1.95
2. 06
2. 15
1.75

66
8
463
67
“

2.
2.
2.
2.

12
06
20
27

96
36
341
55
23

2. 89
2. 80
2.59
2.81
2 .4 3

-

_
-

98
48
61
104
47
47
389
58
34
24
50

1. 67
1.65
1.59
1.54
1. 62
1.62
1.54
1.68
1. 56
1 . 86
1. 70

158
17
35
51
276
32
18
14
78

1.71
1.75
1.77
1.95
1. 85
1.62
1.72
1. 50
1.96

30
60
16

2. 34
2. 16
1.98

_
-

-

_

_

_

‘

'

'

-

W om en
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e g ood s__________—_____________
G lu e r s , rough s t o c k __ -__________________________
O ff-b e a r e r s , m a c h in e .__________________________
P a c k e r s , fu rn itu re _______________________ __ _____
R u b b e rs, fu rn itu re .
------------- --—
Hand
- -------------------------—
S an ders, fu rn itu re, hand_____ __________________
S an d ers, fu rn itu re, m a c h in e ___________________
R e lt
__
O th e T th a n h e lt

_

_
.

S p ra y ers —________________________________________

77
16
78
87
150
145
748
206
53
153
139

1. 37
1.31
1.29
1. 30
1. 37
1. 36
1. 32
1. 35
1. 33
1. 35
1.41

_
-

-

-

-

-

139
-

_

_

.

_

-

_

_

23

-

1. 32
-

_

_

1. 37

'

1 E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Includes data fo r re g io n s in addition to those shown separately.

NOTE: Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.




-

133
-

_
8

-

1.48
-

_

_

1.61

_

_

_

_

_
-

_

Table 10. Occupation^ Earnings: Chicago, III
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 2 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, May—
June 1965)
Num ber o f w ork ers re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
Num­ A v e r age
be r
$1.25 $1.30 $1.35 $1.40 $1.45 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 .$1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3740 $3.50
hourly
of
and
w o rk ­ e a r n ­ and •
ers
ings 2 under
91.30 $1.35 $ 1.40 $1,45 $1,50 $1,60 $1,70 $ 1,90 $ 1,90 $2,00 $2,10 92.20 $2.30 92.40 92.50 92.60 92.70 92.80 $2.90 93.00 93.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 over

Sex and occu pation

!

5
5
“

1
“

4
4
“

4
3

_

2

1

_

1

-

2
-

1
-

-

1
-

-

“
-

-

“
"

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

“
-

-

"
-

-

1

•

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

1
4

-

2

1
1

-

-

-

1

-

2

1

1

4

-

-

-

1

-

•

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
.

_
_

4
3

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

_
_

3
1

_
_

_
-

_
_

-

_
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

"

■

■

~

$1.92
1.96
1.74

7
4
3

89
69
20

18
18
"

32
13
19

53
31
22

200
156
44

141
92
49

197
136
61

196
131
65

170
130
40

192
157
35

116
110
6

124
118
6

78
76
2

39
38
1

38
37
1

27
26
1

12
11
1

185
131
54
16
8
8
10
7

2.07
1.91
2.44
2.13
2.06
2.20
2.14
1.85

_
-

12
12
_
-

_
_
-

.
_
-

!
1
-

8
8
-

2
2
2
2

20
16
4
1
1
1
1

24
22
2
4
4
1
1

7
6
1
1
-

30
30
3
3

20
19
1
5
5
-

19
9
10
1
1
-

8
4
4
2
2
-

6
1
5
2
1
1
-

6
1
5
-

9
3
6
-

-

-

-

23
44
64
52
12
16

2.32
1.69
1.71
1.66
1.91
1.87

-

18
18
-

1
1
1
-

3
3
-

1
-

3
8
7
4
3
4

1
4
10
8
2
1

1
3
7
6
1
1

1
4
11
11
1

2

-

-

1

8

2

-

1
1
4

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

1

-

13

2.04

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

2

1

5

-

2

16
24
18
6
23
17
6
62
34
28

1.71
2.06
1.92
2.48
2.07
1.92
2.48
2.03
1.86
2.24

-

-

1
1
1
1

-

1
-

3
_

7
3

1
2

1
3

1
-

-

-

2

-

1

2

3

1

-

3

2

1
1
1
1

•

-

-

2
2

-

_

2

_

-

1

_

1

- 1,799
1,422
377
W om en------------------------------

18
18
~

4
4
“

3

-

9
3

2

-

1
14
3
3
1

A ll produ ction w o r k e r s —

17
17
“

17
17
~

3

1

_

5

3
-

1
1

-

5
-

1
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

S elected produ ction
occu pation s— m en
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e goods— _
T im e Incentive.__ ______________
C u t-o ff-s a w o p e ra to rs
T im e „
___
Incentive « ...
G lu ers, rough stock ________
T im e .
M aintenance m en,
gen eral u tility 3 a / _________
O ff-b e a r e r s , m achine 3 a / __
P a c k e r s , fu r n itu r e _________
T im e__
___
Incentive— __
R ip -s a w o p e r a t o r s 3 —
Rou ter o p e ra to rs (set up
and o p e r a te )3 a / ----------------Rou ter o p e ra to rs (feed
o n ly )3 a / ————
—— __
R u b b ers! fu rniture 4 ________
T im e___________________
Inc entive— — — —
H anH

__

_ _

_____

T im «
Trire-ntive.. ...
S an ders, fu rn itu re, hand -----T i m e ..
In rp n H vp .

Sanders, furn itu re,
m a rV iin p .
. ..
T im e
T n rs n riv p
.
R e lf

_____

__________
T n rsn H vp
OI-Vi a t t h a n Viftlt

_____

22

23
15
8

____
T im e
T rw 'p n riv p ...................

Shaper o p e r a to r s , hand
(set up and o p e r a t e )3 a /
Shaper o p e r a to r s , hand
( f e e d only) 3 b /_ _____
SprE

8“

T n r a n t iv p

“

~

93
63
30
70
48

——

“ ~

.................

Ten oner o p e r a to r s (set
up a n d o p e r a t e )3 a / ________

9

2.44

13
131
100
31

2.12
2.08
2.01
2.30

7

2.31

See footnotes at end of table.




2.07
1.99
2.23
2.07
1.98
2.27
2.05
2.02
2.11

-

-

-

-

_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

,_
_
_
_
_
_

-

_
_
_

_
_
1
_

1

_
_

-

_

_
_

_

_
_

2

1

_

1
1

_

_
_

_

_

1

_
_

3
2

1
1

3
3

x

_

_

8
5
3

10
8

6
4

2

1

1
1

1
7
6
1
7
6
1
7
6

2

x

_

x

_
_
_
_
_
_

1
_
1
_
_
_

2
2

_

_
_
_
_
_

1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_
_
_

-

_

_
_

-

2
2

_

-

_

_

1
-

_

2
2

_
_
-

2

9
7
2

8
7
1
1

_
1
-

12

1

12

_

1
1

1

_

_

5
4
1
4
3
1
1
x

_
-

10
7
3

-

x
_

7
5

11
8

2

3

6
4
2

9
8

x
x

2

_
1
8
3
5

x

_
2

22

16
6
10
5
5
12
11
x

_
_

3

3
3
_

_

2

-

8
8

_
1

3

_

2

1

3

9
8
1
7
6

3
2

14
11

2

3

1

1
3

3

2

3

1

3

1
1

x

x
_

13
11
2

1
1

3

1

x

_

_

_

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

1

_

■

-

2
2
_

2

-

-

3

1

25
20

10
10

7
7
5

4
28
25

5

_

2

3

1

1

3

-

1

'

-

-

-

-

1

-

3

10
10

2
2

4
1

1

2
2

1

5

i

-

-

-

1

-

-

>

_

3

1

-

1

5

i

_

_

_

1

_

1

Table 10. Occupational Earniqgs: Chicago, 111.1---- Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 2 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, May-June 1965)

Sex and occupation

N um ber o f w ork ers re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
Num ­ A v e r be r
age
$1.25 $1.30 $1.35 $1.40 $1.45 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50
hourly
of
and
and
ers
in g s 13 under $1.35 $1.40 $1.45 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $ 1 .?0 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 over
24 $1.30

S elected produ ction
occu pation s—-women
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e good s..
T im e_
Incentive.
P a c k e r s , fu r n itu r e Tim e.
S an ders, furn itu re, h a n d .
T im e-----------------------------Incentive—
Sanders, fu rn itu re,
m achine 3b / 4 -------B e lt 3 b]~Z- ------------

56
33
23
23
7
85
27
58

$1.73
1.68
1.79
1.89
1.85
1.70
1.75
1.68

18

1.74
1.80

1
1

1
to Cook
2
3
4

7

12
12
_
-

_
_
-

2.32'

1
_
1

_
_
-

2

_

_

'

S elected o ffic e
occu pation s—w o m e n
S ten ograp h ers, g e n e r a l----

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

-

4

-

9

4
1
1
11
6
5

2
2

-

-

2
7
_
7

9

_

1

1

3
3
4
5
3
2

4
1
3
2
25
3
22

12
10
2
8
3
19
12
7

7
6
1
1
1
3
3
-

8
2
6
2
2
3

2
2
-

5

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

1

~

"

"

“

“

”

1
1

1
1

4

6
5

1

-

‘

'

-

2

1
_
1

“

-

‘

-

-

-

"

-

-

1

1

1

‘

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

The C h icago Standard M etrop olitan S tatistical A rea co n sists of Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, M cH enry, and W ill Counties. The B u rea u 's su rvey of the industry in 1962 w as lim ited
County; the counties added to the cu rre n t area definition did not have any establishm ents in the industry.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Insufficien t data to w arrant presen tation of separate averages by method of wage paym ent; (a) predom inantly tim e w o rk e rs, and (b) predom inantly incentive w o rk e rs .
Includes data f o r w o rk e rs in c la s s ific a t io n in addition to those shown separately.




Table 11. Occupational Earnings: Evansville, Ind.—K y .1
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 2 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, May—
June 1965)

O ccupation

A ll p rod u ction w o rk e rs
_
M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------W om en
. _

Number
of
w ork ers

Num ber o f w ork ers re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
A verage
$1.25
hourly
and
earnings 2
under
$1.30

$1.30 . $1.35

$1.40

$1.45

$1.50

$1.60

$1.70

$1.80

$1.90

$2.00

$2.10

$2.20

$2.30

$2.40

$2.50 W o "

$1.35

$1.40

$1.45

$1.50

$1.60

$1.70

$1.80

$1.90

$2.00

$2.10

$2.20

$2.30

$2.40

$2.50

$2.60 $2.70

64
50
14

52
43
9

35
31
4

7
7

1
1

3
3

13
12
1

3
3

I
_

_

1

1

1, 237
1, 050
187

$ 1 .6 6
1. 65
1.74

72
3 65
7

113
96
17

87
78
9

84
76
8

74
72
2

107
99
8

122
105
17

165
139
26

130
108
22

120
76
44

99
7
10
15
11
48
31
8
21
19
44
76
61
15
60

1. 64
1.47
1. 56
1. 53
1.92
1.41
1.66
1. 38
1. 54
1. 55
1. 50
1.79
1. 82
1. 68
1. 68

3
2
1
1
_
8

6
_
1
4
_
2
_
2
3
3
3
4
3
1
_

11
2
_
1
_
7
2
3
3
2
3
4
4
_
13

7
_
_
_
_
2
1

17
2
2
_
1
7
2
_

11
_
3
1
1
3
9

12

14

7

5

2

1

_
3

l

2
3
13

_
_
2

1

2
1
1
8
2
2
_
1

4
_
1
3
.
16
2
_
2
2
5
3
2
1
3

10
6

2. 03
1. 70

_

_

_

_

1
1

S elected produ ction occupations 4
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e g o o d s 5 b /
____
_ _
A s s e m b le r s , ch a irs 5a /
_
____
C u t-o ff- saw o p e ra to rs 3 a / ____, _
_
G lu ers, rough s t o c k 5 siT^------------------------------------M aintenance m en, gen era l u tility 5 a / __________
O ff-b e a r e r s , m achine 5 a /
P a ck e rs , furniture 5b / _
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s (f e e d o n ly ) 5 a /
.........
R u bbers, fu r n itu r e 5 a / 6
_ _
_ _ _
H and5 a /
___________ _____
________
San ders, furn itu re, hand 5a /
San ders, furn itu re, m achine 5b / .
__
B e lt 5b /
O ther than b e l t 5 a /
________ _
S p ray ers5a /
_ _
_
_ _
Ten oner o p e r a to r s (s e t up and
o p era te) * a /
T en oner o p e r a to r s (fe e d only) 5 a / ------ _ _

_

_

_

1
. 2
_
_

_

1

1
_
3
6
4
2
1

_
4
9
7
2
8

6
6
5
7
7
_
1

3
3
10
6
2
4
11

2
2
3
5
2
3
11

_
_
_
3
2
1
6

_
_
_
2
2
_
5

_
1

1

1

2
1

_

2
2

_

_
_
9
9
_

2
_
_

1

The E v an sville Standard M etropolitan Statistical Area co n s ists o f Vanderburgh County, I n d ., and H enderson County, Ky.
E x clu des prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 Includes 1 w ork e r under $ 1 .2 5 .
4 Data rela te to m en w o rk e rs .
3 Insufficien t data to w arrant presentation o f separate a ve ra ge s by m ethod o f wage payment; (a) predom inantly tim e w o rk e rs, and (b) predom inantly incentive w ork ers.
Includes data fo r w o rk e rs in c la s sific a tio n in addition to those shown separately.




10

Table 12. Occupational Earnings: Fort Smith, Ark.
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 2 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, May-June 1965)
Num ber of w o rk e rs re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
Sex and occupation

A ll p rod u ction w o rk e rs ____________________— -----M en ______ ________________________ ________ ____
W om en ______________ ________ _________________

Number
of
w ork ers

A verage
hourly
earnings 2

$1.25
and
under
$1.30

$1.30

$1.35

$1.40

$1.45

$1.50

$1.60

$1.70

$1.80

$1.90

$2.00

$2.10

$2.20

$1.35

$1.40

$1.45

$1.50

$1.60

$1.70

$1.80

$1.90

$2.00

$2.10

$2.20

over

and

2, 063
1,880
183

$1.55
1.54
1.55

234
221
13

70
68
2

69
62
7

284
271
13

176
140
36

422
369
53

441
396
45

229
220
9

80
80
"

35
32
3

11
11
“

8
8
“

4
2
2

64
11
7
6

1.61
1.62
1.66
1.91

_
-

_
1
-

2
-

7
1
2
-

7
-

15
6
2
-

18
1
-

11
1
-

2
1
2

_
4

2
1
1
-

_
1
-

-

9
80
30
43
20
16
18
7
20
129
49
80
38
49

1.65
1.50
1.56
1.53
1.63
1.56
1.61
1.66
1.46
1.59
1.67
1.62
1.67
1.54

7
2
4
7
3
4

7
5
1
1
-

4
2
2
1
5
2
3

12
2
10
1
1
6
15
4
6
2
9

10
3
8
2
2
1
1
8
4
3
3
5

3
29
5
14
6
5
6
1
3
29
9
19
8
10

5
5
5
7
7
7
10
5
5
38
16
29
14
9

2
20
9
13
6
7

2
2
1
1
1
4
4
3
3
1

1
3
3
1
1
1
1
-

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

12
81
37
9

1.69
1.65
1.65
1.76

“

“

1
"

1
6
2
"

9
6
“

9
7

5
25
9
1

4
26
8
4

2
3
3
2

2
2
1

“

“

~

72
61

1.50
1.51

6
6

2
2

_

12
10

15
6

25
25

11
11

1

_

_

_

_

_

S elected prod u ction occupations—-m e n
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e goods 3 a/_— ---- ---------------——
C u t-o ff-s a w o p e r a t o r s 3 a7~” —
—
—
—
G lu ers, rough s tock 3 a J Z . ------------------—---------------M aintenance m en, gen era l u tility 3 a / --- --- -------M old in g -m ach in e o p e r a to r s (s e t up
and o p e r a t e )3 a / —--------------------------- ------ ------- ----O ff-b e a r e r s , m a ch in e_
-----—
I n c e n t i v e ___
P a c k e r s , fu r n itu r e 3 b /
__ __
__ —
R ip -s a w op e r a to r s -----— . . . ----------------- — -----------—
T im
— ---------- —w ■ r— — - r^
— ---r
R ou ter o p e ra to rs (s e t up and o p e r a te )--------------I n c e n t iv e - .—, - . — — — ——————— — ————
S an der8, furn itu re, han d3 a / -----------------------------S an ders, furn itu re, m a ch in e ----------- — :— ----------fn q0
imtima i
_ -____ . i-a
___ ______
B elt
I_______
Incentive
_____
—
— — —
Other than b e lt 3 a /
. . .
—
__
—
Shaper op e ra to rs ,T ia n d (se t up
and o p e r a t e )3 a / , .
...
.....„ _______, ____ r
_
Spr aye r s---- — HI— —
— ----------------- — -------Incentive— ------------------------- ------- --------------------T en oner o p e ra to rs (s e t up and o p e r a t e )3 a / —

1

S elected p rodu ction occu pation s— w om en
San ders, furn itu re, hand-----—— — -----------------—— —
Incentive—----------------- -------------------- —

The F o r t Sm ith a re a c o n s ists o f Sebastian County.
E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
Insufficien t data to warramt presen tation of separate averages by m ethod of wage paym ent; (a) predom inantly tim e w o rk e rs, and (b) predom inantly incentive w ork ers .




Table 13. Occupational Earnings: Gardner, Mass.
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 2 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, May—
June 1965)

S e x and o c c u p a t io n

Num ­
ber
of
w ork ­
ers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f A verage
$ 1.25 $ 1.30 $1.35 $1.40 $ 1.4 5 $1.5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1.7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2.2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2.4 0 $2.5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3.1 0 $3.2 0 $3.30 $ 3.40 $3.50
h o u r ly
and.
and
ea rn ­
in g s 2 u n d er
$1.30 $1,35 $1,40 $ 1 ,4 ? $1.5 0 $ i,$ o $ 1 .7 0 $ 1.8 0 $1.9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2,3fl. $ 2 ,4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $2,7Q $ 2 ,8 0 $.2^ 0 $3^00 $ 3.1 0 $3.2 0 $ 3.30 $3.40 $3.50 o v e r

$1.85
1.89
1.68

A l l p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s ------- 2 , 311
M e n ------- — ------------------------ 1 ,9 3 0
381
W o m e n -------------------------—

130
125
5

127
105
22

139
123
16

174
158
16

1
2
1
1
-

2
2
-

1
4
4
4
-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

4

3

2

2

1

4
2
2
5
5

2
1
1
1
1
2
1
1

_
7
7
-

2
1
1
1
1

91
86
5

86
83
3

89
85
4

46
41
5

23
19
4

24
21
3

12
12

20
18
2

9
9

3
1
2

4
3
1

7
7
5
5
1

2
7
-

4
2
-

7
4
3
3

2
2
1
1
1
1

1
1

2
2

■

2
*

■
"

■
-

■

“

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

1
1

■
■

•
~
•

~
“

-

-

2

4
4
7
4
3

105
82
23

159
111
48

163
139
24

117
85
32

212
170
42

157
139
18

182
153
29

_
_
_
_

_
.
_
_
_

2
.
_
_
4

2
_
5
4
1
5

2
_
-

6
10
7
3
3

1
2
2
-

-

75
36
39

163
125
38

S e le c te d p r o d u c t io n
o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
A s s e m b le r s , case
g o o d s 3 b / ----------------------------A s s e m b l e r s , c h a i r s M j / -----C u t - o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s -------T i m e ------- ------------------------In c e n t iv e ________________
G l u e r s , r o u g h s t o c k --— -----In c e n tiv e _________ — -------M a in te n a n c e m en ,
g e n e r a l u t ilit y 3 a / . -----------M o ld in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
and o p e ra te )— ----------— -------In c e n t iv e -------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ------ —
In c e n t iv e ________________
P a c k e r s , f u r n i t u r e -------------T i m e --------------------------------In c e n t iv e ________________
P la n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
and o p e ra te ) 3 b / — ------------R i p - s a w o p e r a t o r s --------------T i m e ____________________
In c e n t iv e ________________
R o u te r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up
and o p e ra te ) 3 b / ---------------R u b b e r s , f u r n i t u r e ------------T im e . . . . ______________
In c e n tiv e _____________
H a n d _ b /--------------------------3
M a c h in e 3 b / --------------------S a n d e r s , f u r n itu r e ,
h a n d 3 b / _______________— S a n d e r s , fu r n itu r e ,
m a c h in e -------------------------- —
T i m e — . ________ — ------In c e n t iv e - ----------------- —
B e l t _____________________
In c e n t iv e ____________ _
O t h e r th a n b e lt --------------—
In c e n t iv e --------------------Sh a p er o p e ra to rs,
a u t o m a tic ( s e t up
and o p e r a t e ) 3— ---------------- —
S h a p e r o p e r a t o r s , ha n d
( s e t up and o p e ra te )----------T i m e ___________________ In c e n tiv e ________________

34
41
33
11
22
22
10

2 .12
2 .20
1.82
1.56
1.96
1.87
2.39

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
3
3
2
2

17

1.85

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

13
6
7
61
31
40
22
18

1.77
1.68
1.86
1.59
1.81
1.79
1.51
2 .1 3

_
_
4
_
4
4

_
14
6
4
4

8
_
4
4

2
2
10
3
-

2
2
4
3
-

1
1
2
4
4

-

-

-

-

10
25
12
13

1.93
1.76
1.49
2 .02

_
_

_

6
31
7
24
22
9

2.15
2 .1 3
1.76
2 .2 4
2 .08
2 .27

16

2 .49

126
29
97
63
52
63
45

2 .22
1.48
2 .4 4
2 .28
2.46
2 .16
2 .42

6

2.29

21
9
12

2.25
1.72
2 .6 4

.

.
_

-

-

.
_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

-




6
4
2

-

_

-

-

'
-

“
4
4
4
1
3

1
1
3
3

-

1
1
■

“

-

-

“

_
-

_
4
4

-

3
3

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
-

3
3

_
-

-

1
4
4

1
2
2
2

8
8
4
4

3
1
2
3
"

3
3
3
■

6
6
6

_

■

1
1
1

2
"

1
1
1
1
“

_

-

-

1
■
1

1
~
1

■
■

“

“

“

~

■

■

1

1
-

"
1

■
“
“

“
■

1

-

~

“

1

1

~
”

-

-

1
1

~

~
~

1

-

1
1

2
-

-

4
2
2

_

-

'

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

1

2

1

-

1

1

1

2

3

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

8
8

4
4

1

3
2
1
1

1

8

5

14

11

18

13

3

3

2

5

5

2

-

1

-

1

_

1
_
-

3
1
2

1
1

3
2

5
2
2
3
3

14
8
8
6
6

11
10
10
1
1

18
7
7
11
11

13
7
7
6
6

3
2
2
1
1

2
1
1
1 •
1

5
3
3
2
2

5
1
1
4
4

2
2
2
-

-

1
1
1
■

-

2
1

8
3
3
5
5

3
3
3
-

-

7
6
1
3
1
4
-

1

-

2

2

-

1

_
-

4
4

4
4

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

1
1

3
3

1
1

-

■

1
“
1

1
“
1

1

1
■
1

“

1

“

_
-

_
_
-

-

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

_
'

_
_
_
.
_
_
_
_
_

'
See footnotes at end of table.

_

4
2
2
"

.

1

_

_
4
_

4

4

4

_
_

_
_
_

4

_
-

-

_
1
1
1

_

-

4

-

-

1

“

1

“
1

~

_

1
-

1
1

“

Tabic 13. Occupational Earnings: Gardner, Mass.1— Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 2 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, May—
June 1965)

Sex and occupation

Number o f w ork ers re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
Num­ A v e r age
ber
$1.35 $1.40 $1.45 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50
hourly $1.25 $1.30
.of
and
w o rk ­ e a r n ­ and
in g s 13 under
2
ers
$1.30 £1.35 $ 1,40 $1,45 $ 1,50 $1,50 £1.70 £1.80 1 1 ,a o $2.00 $2.10 £2.20 ,$2Jfl $ 2 , - 4 0 $2.50 £2.60 £2.70 12,80 £2.90 $3.00 £3.10 £3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 over

S elected p rod u ction
occupations m en—
Continued
sprayersT im e—
Ten oner o p e r a to r s (set
up and operate) 3 b / _ ----

54
13
41

$2.34
2.09
2.42

13

2.11

8
15
60
30
30

1.52
1.84
1.76
1.32
2.21

19

1.50

- •

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

8
1
7

7
5
2

3
3

3
1
2

5
1
4

5
1
4

6

.
-

3
2
1

2

.
-

3
2
1

3

_
-

3

2

6

-

"

4

~

-

■

“

■

■

■

2

1

1

2

1

2

_
4
4

_

1
.
_

.
3
3

2
2
1
1

-

2
6
2
4

8
6

1
2

1

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

1

-

4

2

6

2

4

2

3

2

“

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

~

-

"

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

"

■

S elected produ ction
o c cupations— w om e n
O ff-b e a r e r s , m achine 3 a /—
P a ck e rs , fu r n itu r e 3b /____
S an ders, fu rn itu re, h a n d ..
T im e____________________
Incentive..

2

_

20
20

_

1

8

1

S elected o ffic e
o c cupations — w om en
C le r k s , p ayroll..

2

2

2

2

*

6

2

-

-

1

1 The G ardner area c o n s ists o f Ashburnham , Athol, Baldw inville, G ardner, and Winchendon.
2 E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
3 Insufficien t data to w arrant presen tation o f separate averages by m ethod o f w age payment; (a) predom inantly tim e w o rk e rs,




and (b) predom inantly incentive w ork ers.

“
■

Table 14. Occupational Earnings: Grand Rapids, Mich. 1
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 2 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, May—
June 1965)

Sex and occupation

A ll produ ction w o r k e r s ____________
M e n ------------------------------ — W o m e n - _________
____ ____

N um ber o f w o rk e rs re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings <
JNumoer A verage
I 'l l 25 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1 .3 5 H T 4 0 $ 1 ,4 5 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 ,6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1.80 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 ,3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0
of
hourly
w o rk e rs earnings 2
and
under
$ 1 .3 0 $ 1 .3 5 $ 1 .4 0 $ 1 .4 5 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 over
1,798
1,489
309

$ 1 .9 5
2.02
1.63

18
13
5

50
25
25

34
24
10

40
27
13

48
23
25

162
82
80

159
109
50

137
104
33

145
126
19

162
135
27

187
176
11

159
156
3

191
186
5

91
88
3

119
53
66
16
16
15

2.29
2.23
2 .34
2 .04
2.07
1.94

-

.
-

_
-

_
_
2

_
_
_
_

_
2
_

_
-

_
.
3
_
1

3
_
3
_
2
1

7
1
6
_
2
3

13
6
7
6

29
24
5
4
5

7

25
17
8
3
4
_

_
_

_
1

17

2.2 2

-

-

-

.

-

-

_

-

_

1

5

3

3

_

2
2

6
2

_
_

7
7

_
_
_

_

79
79

69
69

32
32

15
15

10
10

9

8

11
1
10

2

8

6
1
5

5

8

5

1

1

_
_

_
_

_

_
-

10
10

Selected produ ction
o c cupations— m e n
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e goods
- - T im e
— ____ ___ ________ _
In cen tive- —
--------------A s s e m b le r s , c h a ir s 3a /
— - C u t-o ff-s a w o p e ra to rs 9 a / —______ G lu e r s , rough stock 3 a J Z . --------------M aintenance m en, g en era l
utility 3 a / ____________ -_______ _____
M old in g -m ach in e o p era tors
(s e t up and o p e r a t e )--------------------T im e ___ _______________ _____ ___
IncentiveP a c k e r s , fu r n itu r e --------------------- T im e — ---------------------- ------- In cen tive- ------- -----------------------P la n er o p era tors (s e t up and
operate) 3 a / ----------------------------------R ip -s a w o p e r a to r s 3 a / -------------------R ou ter o p e ra to rs (s e t up and
o p e r a te )___________________________
T im e _____________________________
Incentive ------- ------ —
— R u bbers, fu r n itu r e ________________
T im e ____ ___________________ Incentive-------------------------------Hand ..................................................
T im e _______ -_________________
Incentive—— _________________
M achine 3 b /
.....................
San ders, fu rniture, hand3a / -------San ders, fu rniture, m a c h in e — ---T im e — - ----- — ------- —
Incentive—
----------B e l t ......................................................
T im e
—
---- ------ —
Incentive—
----- ------- - Other than b e lt.
---T im e ----------------- ----- — ____
Incentive— ___— — ___ _
Shaper o p e r a to r s , hand (s e t up
and op erate) —
-------------------------T im e —
----------------------------Incentive- --------------— -----S p ra y e rs —
------T im e ---------------------------------------- --Incentive—
---- — __
T en on er o p e ra to rs (s e t up and
n p era tA ) .

See footnotes at end of table,




18
13
52
42
10
50
35
15

2. 37
2.4 0
1.48
1.43
1.70
1.88
1.88
1.87

6
6
_
-

8
8
_
.
-

4
4
_
1
1
-

7
7

8
18

2.0 3
2.02

-

-

17
11
6
66
27
39
59
25
34
7
23
86
63
23
63
49
14
23
14
9

2.20
2. 17
2.2 5
2. 18
2.06
2 .2 6
2. 19
2 .0 5
2.30
2 .0 6
1.70
2. 18
2. 15
2.27
2.21
2.. 17
2 .3 5
2. 10
2 .08
2. 14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
23
9
83
58
25

2.28
2 .30
2. 21
2 .04
2.0 4
2.03

12
7

2 .52
2. 54

4

1

_

_

_

_

2
1

_
_

_
_

1
1

_
_

_

1

_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

-

_

1

_
_
_
1
_
1

_
_
_

_
_

_
1

_
1

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

2
2

1
1
-

3
3
_
.
_

10
8
2
8
5
3

7
3
4
5
4
1

4
2
2
6
2
4

2
_
1
9
7
2

_
_

4
2
2

8
7
1

7
6

-

-

-

-

-

3

4
2

4

_
5

2
-

1
2

_
1

1
1

_

_
_
2
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
3
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
3
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
2
2
2
2
2
_

1
_
1
_
_
_
2 • ii
_
8
2
3
2
9
8
2
1
2
3
5
3
7
3
6
1
3
6
3
6
_
1
_
_
_
1

2
2
_
6
3
3
5
3
2
1
5
5
5
_
3
3

2
_
2
10
5
5
8
4
4
2

2
2

6
5

3

8
5
3
8
5
3

7
2
5
7
2
5

_
_
_
8

_
_
_
2

8
7

2
2

7
1

2

16
10
6
10
6
4
6
4
2

9
6
3
7
6
1
2
_
2

23
19
4
16
14
2
7
5
2

7
5
2
4
4
_
3

5
2
3
5
2
3

5
3
2
5
3
2

-

_
_
_
-

2

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

-

-

_

-

-

_

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
6
1
13
12
1

6
2
4
7
6
1

7
6
1
2
_
2

•

_

_

1

_

-

-

_
4
4

_
5
4
1

1
9
6
3

_

1
1

-

2
2
_
3
2
1
14
7
7

1
1

_

1
21
13
8

8
6
2

3
8
3
5
7
2
5
1

!
2
_
_

1

l
_
l

1
_
l

1

2
2
_
_
_

l

_
1

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
1

_
_
_
_

1

1

1

1
1

_
_

_
_

1
1
1
1

_

_

2
2

1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_
1

_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_

2
2

2

Table 14. Occupational Earnings: Grand Rapids, Mich.1---- Continued
(N um ber and a vera ge straigh t-tim e hourly ea rn in gs2 o f w ork ers in s e le cte d occupations in w ood household furniture, except uph olstered,
m anufacturing establishm ents, May—
June 1965)

The G rand Rapids Standard M etrop olitan S tatistical A rea co n sists o f Kent County.
E xclu des prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Insufficien t data to w arrant presen tation o f separate averages by method o f wage paym ent; (a) predom inantly tim e w o rk e rs, and (b) predom inantly incentive w o rk e rs .




Table 15. Occupational Earnings: Hickory—Statesville, N.C.
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 2 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, May-June 1965)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
Sex and occupation

A ll p rod u ction w o rk e rs ___
M en __ _______ _____
W om en _____________

of
kers

hourly
earnings 2

$1.25
and
under
$1.30

$1.30

$1.35

$1.40

$1.45

$1.50

$1.60

$1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.7C

$1.35

$1.40

$1.45

$1.50

$1.60

$1.70

$1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80

010
413
597

$1.56
1.57
1.34

467
300
167

981
799
182

1257
1156
101

1139
1083
56

1065
1045
20

2002
1948
54

1658
1646
12

1397
1393
4

997
997
~

561
560
1

333
333
“

91
91
”

423
127
108
208
134

1.65
1.55
1.68
1.55
1.85

2
1

9
4
4
13
-

10
19
12
10

12
15

30
18
1
22
-

' 78
17
14
52
4

99
21
22
47
11

84
15
17
30
41

58
13
19
5
26

31
3
12
4
22

8
1
7

2

_

_
_

18

5

-

45
45
710
321
59
27
194
59
114
535
365
170
773
824
335
489

1.94
1.59
1.38
1.46
1.74
1.51
1.66
1.83
1.58
1.50
1.47
1.56
1.45
1.65
1.70
1.61

1
15
91
84
4
10
37
4
35
141
72
69
149
106
43
63

2
8
19
39
13
8
48
7
24
99
69
30
66
119
54
65

5
13
2
13
12

6
1

8

15

6

_

_

2

_

1
15

1
7

_

_

_
_

32
9
23
60
27
33
44
147
59
88

35
12
4
5
3
2
8
135
70
65

14
12
2

_
_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

2
79
46
33

25
13
12

1
1
-

2
2
-

31
11

1.91
1.63

5
4

l

6

7

7

5

_

5

59
84
501 •
45
46

1.93
1.67
1.62
1.93
1.52

2
11
115
2
9

7
23
108
4
4

19
16
54
6
“

13
6
11
10
1

8
2
3
15
~

5

_

_

1
4
“

_

2
"

_

_

_

_

_

3
“

“

“

"

~

"

4

1
1

1

3
2

_

_

1

1

31
31
"

17
17
“

9
9
”

1
1
"

_
_
_

_
_
_

3
3
“

1
1
~

_

_

S elected produ ction occupations— m en
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e goods________
A s s e m b le r s , c h a ir s ___
C u t-o ff-8 aw op e r a to r s ..
G lu ers, rough stock .
M aintenance m en, g en eral u t ilit y ....
M old in g -m ach in e o p e ra to rs (se t up
and o p e r a t e ).
M old in g -m ach in e o p era tors (fe e d only)..
O ff-b e a r e r s , m a c h in e _____________ ___ _
_
P a c k e r s , furniture _
P lan er o p e ra to rs (s e t up and operate).,
P lan er o p e r a to r s (feed only)_______ ____
Rip - s aw o p e r a to r s ..
Router o p e ra to rs (set up and o p e r a t e ).
R outer op e r a to r s (feed only)..
R u bbers, fu r n itu r e ___________
Hand_______________________
M achine..
San ders, fu rn itu re, hand..
Sanders, furn itu re, m a c h in e .
B e lt ________________________
Other than b e l t ___
Shaper o p e r a to r s , autom atic (set up
and o p e r a t e ).
Shaper o p e r a to r s , autom atic (fe e d o n ly ).
Shaper o p e r a to r s , hand (set up
and o p e r a t e ).
Shaper o p e r a to r s , hand (fe e d o n ly ).
S p ra y ers _
T enoner o p e ra to rs (set up and op e ra te )..
Ten oner o p e r a to r s (feed only)___________

-

1
-

_

_

-

-

67
19

127
45

_
2
197
32

-

-

-

-

1
5

2
2

12
12
-

34
6
1
5

-

1
64
62
2
112
24
-

24

-

3
59
44
15
129
35
5
30

_

_

_

"

-

_

_

_

24
2

_
1
136
42
4
2
8
1
7
45
39
6
122
92
26
66

_
5
71
. 45
_

4
11
-

15
50
37
13
107
53
15
38

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

11

2
16

_

_

2

1
20
1

5

12
38
_

10

11
124
1
15

3
2
12
_
_
_
_
_

_

1
_

2

_
_

_

_
_

_

_
_

-

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

2

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

_
_
_

1
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

"

“

~

“

_

_

_

”

"

“

“

“

2

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

2

1

_

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

'

S elected p rodu ction occupations— w om en
O ff-b e a r e r s , m achine ----- ----------------- -------------P a c k e r s , fu r n it u r e .
R u bbers, fu rn itu re, hand .
Sanders, furn itu re, h a n d .

34
20
24
163

1.30
1.34
1.41
1.32

10
8

19

_

4
76

22

_

3
7
9
36

2
3
4
27

_

2
2

2
2

_

_

'

S elected o ffic e occupations—^women
C le r k s , p a y r o ll .
S tenograp hers, g e n e r a l__
S tenograp hers, sen ior . ..

6
15
9

1.97
1.72
2.31

1
-

-

-

_

-

6

The H ick ory -S ta te sv ille area co n sists of Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, and T r e d e ll Counties.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts. V irtually all of the production w ork ers co v e re d by the study w ere paid on a tim e b asis.




_
1

8

Table 16. Occupational Earnings: Indiana
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments. May—
June 1965)

Sex and occupation

Number o f w ork ers re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings ofN um - A v e r age $1.25 $1.30 $1.35 $1.40 $1.45 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50
be r
hourly
of
and
and
w o rk - e a rn ers
ings 1
$1.30 $1.35 $1.40 $1.45 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 1 2 v50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 over

12
12
-

10
10
-

6
6
-

3
3
-

12
12
-

169
157
12

-

-

2

3

4

40

-

-

2

3

4

40

1
1
4

-

-

-

“
-

-

■
■
-

4

-

-

-

-

-

22
21
1

$1.92
1.97
1.72

137
47
90

88
71
17

199
113
86

202
142
60

234
176
58

969
637
332

819
663
156

1566
1273
293

1184
917
267

1163
932
231

913
848
65

755
694
61

457
428
29

353
348
5

262
258
4

194
193
1

80
80
-

53
53
-

32
32
-

877
449
428
44
94
58
36
93
60
33

2.09
1.94
2.24
1.78
2.07
2.05
2.09
1.88
1.72
2.17

2

2

6
5
1
1
-

39
15
24
12
2
2
_
15
12
3

69
9
60
1
9
1
8
6
5
1

170
148
22
9
9
8
1
23
22
1

59
36
23
6
9
7
2
15
6
9

58
9
49
7
2
1
1
1
1
_

118
104
14
1
10
8
2
5
4
1

95
6
89
2
9
3
6
1
1

56
24
32
1
22
18
4
7
4
3

8
8
1
7
2
5
6

91
75
16
1
4
2
2
1

32
3
29

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

_
.
_

15
11
4
2
3
3
_
2
2
_

3
3
-

2

3
•3
-

1

-

1

125
99
26

2.14
2.05
2.47

69
37
32
306
152
154
210
108
102

2.04
1.99
2.10
1.83
1.71
1.95
1.94
1.78
2.11

30
17
103
64
39

1.94
1.71
2.03
1.92
2.22

189
119
70

1.90
1.88
1.94

17
178
140
38
173
138
35
319
179
140

1.84
1.82
1.81
1.89
1.83
1.81
1.89
1.90
1.85
1.98

A ll prod u ction w o rk e rs _____ 9,894
Mem
8,126
1,768
S elected produ ction
occupations— m en
A s s e m b le r s , ca s e g o o d s _ _
Tim e
________
A s s e m b le r s , ch a irs 2b / ------C u t-o ff-s a w o p e ra to rs ______
G lu ers, rough stock -----------TnrentivB
_ .
M aintenance m en,
gpnpral liHlity
........
Tim e
Inc entive__________________
M olding -m a ch in e
o p e ra to rs (s e t up
and operate)
Tim e.
_
_
O ff-b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ..------T im e
Tneentive _ . .
P a c k e r s , furniture _________
Time.,. __
. ... . ...
P lan er o p e ra to rs (set up
and o p e r a te )— -------------------T im e .__________________—
P ip -aaw o p era tors
T im e
_
........
Tnrentive . .
Rou ter o p era tors (set up
and o p e r a te )-----------------------T im e

-

2
_
-

_
_

_
_

_

_

6
4
2
_
1
.
1
4
4
_

6

1

-

2

1
1

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
_
-

_
• _
-

4
4
-

2
2
-

18
14
4

13
11
2

8
7
1

9
9
-

19
19
-

24
12
12

1
_
1

6
6
-

8
6
2

8
6
2

_
_
8
5
3

_
_
19
13
6
3
3
_

_
_
10
7
3
4
2
2

1
_
1
2
_
2
3
1
2

1
_
1
22
7
15
14
8
6

6
_
6
25
13
12
30
17
13

2
1
1
33
26
7
49
29
20

14
14
_
38
9
29
33
15
18

10
7
3
54
46
8
20
17
3

9
2
7
26
11
15
2
2

10
10
_
8
8
7
7

4
4
18
18
15
6
9

3
3
14
2
12
7
6
1

4
3
1
3
3
-

3
3
7
7
4

_
4

_
-

_
2

_
-

1
1
-

1
1
2

_
2
2
-

_
-

2
2
-

7

_
_

_
_
15
13
2
4
4
_

-

4

4

-

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

7

_

_

1
_
1

3
3
7
6
1

4
4
6
6
_

7
7
14
13
1

1
1
7
6
1

3
8
4
4

3
2
24
21
3

1

3

4
_
4

6
1
5

16
7
9

6

4

_

_
_
_

3

_

_
_
_

6

4

-

39
31
8

3

4

-

-

3

4

5
2
3

-

4
3
1

-

“
-

2
2

“
-

"
-

“
-

~
-

-

55
53
2
55
53
2
70
56
14

4

3

4
3
3
9
9

2

_
_

_
_

_
_

2
1
1

7
_
7

4
1
3

15
8
7

55
47
8

21
10
11

23
16
7

_
_
_

_
.
_

_
_
1
1

_
_
3
3

3
3
_
3
3
_
.
_
_

20
20
_
19
19
_
9
5
4

3
3
_
2
2
_
9
5
4

.
_
.
_
44
12
32

2
18
4
14
18
4
14
24
18
6

6
55
48
7
53
48
5
39
24
15

6
10
6
4
10
6
4
23
17
6

2
3
3
3
3

-

-

Rou ter o p era tors (feed
Rll^Vierat •fiiimitiire *
Tnoentive
Hami
Sanders, fu rn itu re, h a n d _
Time*
_ ......
.

See footnotes at end of table,




_
_

_

-

62
32
30

2
2

1

4

-

-

1

4

1
1

1

2

3
3

1
1

1
1

2
2

3
8
6
2

1
1

1
6

2
2

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

2

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

7
“
7

Table 16. Occupational Earnings: Indiana— Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, May-June 1965)

Sex and occupation

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re ce iv in g straigh t- tim e hourly earnings o fNum ­ A v e rber
age
$1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50
hourly $1.25 $1.30 $1.35 $1.40 $1.45
of
and
w o rk ­ ea rn ­ and
ings 1 under
ers
*3.10 *3.20 *3.30 *3.40 $3.50 over
*1.30 *1.35 *1.40 *1.45 *1.50 *1.60 *1.70 *1.80 $ 1,90 *2.00 $2,19 $2,2p $2,30 *2.40 $.2,10 $2,60 $2^10 $2,.9P .$499.

S elected produ ction
o c cupation s—■men—
Continued
S an ders, fu rn itu re,
m achine------------------------- -----In cen tiv e..____________
B elt
__
_
T im e . .. .....................Incentive _
_
Other than b elt __
Tim e__
Incentive _
_
Shaper o p e r a to r s ,
autom atic (set up
and o p e r a te )_______________
T im e______________________
Incentive..— -........______r
tt
.„
Shaper o p e r a to r s , hand
(set up and o p e r a t e )— — . .
T im e...................................
Incentive™
—
S p ray ers
.
- . -T im e
In cen tiv e..
.. ..
T en oner o p e ra to rs (set
up and o p e r a t e ).
. Tim e
Incentive__________________
T en oner o p e ra to rs
(feed o n ly )2
__
-----

5
5
_
_
_
_
5
5
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

13
3
10
13
3
10
-

49
32
17
34
19
15
15
13
2

45
17
28
34
9
25
11
8
3

78
66
12
62
52
10
16
14
2

52
39
13
38
25
13
14
14
-

21
6
15
17
6
11
4
4

66
47
19
61
45
16
5
2
3

36
5
31
36
5
31
-

28
6
22
26
6
20
2

11
11
11
11
-

19
12
7
19
12
7
-

7

6

3

2

-

-

-

2

-

2

5

_
_
_
_
_
-

1
_
1
1
_
1
_
_
-

7
2

6
3

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

2
2

-

2
2

5
3

2
5

3
3

3

2

-

-

-

2

-

2

3
2

-

2

-

-

5

3

1.90
1.81
2.08

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

2
2
-

-

13
12
1

-

5
3
2

7
3
4

4
2
2

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

“

-

"

"
■

1

2

93
62
31
528
261
267

1.99
2.02
1.92
2.09
2.02
2.17

>
_
-

_
_
_
-

3
3
-

1
1
-

3
1
2

7
2
5
32
17
15

4
4
41
14
27

20
16
4
62
41
21

7
1
6
59
41
18

.6
3
3
70
36
34

2
1
1
46
29
17

31
28
3
99
19
80

10
9
1
14
9
5

14
3
11

3
2
1
20
20
-

1

_

2

“

■

“

“

~

"

“

“

1
5
5

19
18
1

2
3
3
-

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
6
15

79
48
31

2.12
2.06
2.21

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
_
3

3
2
1

17
14
3

6
3
3

9
5
4

20
13
7

4
3
1

5
2
3

6
6
-

3

1

2

3

1

2

2

■

“

"

“

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

451
238
213
369
182
187
82
56
26

$1.96
1.85
2.08
1.97
1.90
2.05
1.87
1.67
2.30

_
_

35
23
12

12

1.87

152
97
65
48
17
55
35
96
82
14
350
231
119

1.72
1.75
1.67
1.65
1.75
1.70
1.65
1.54
1.52
1.68
1.65
1.53
1.88

38
27
11
19
10
61
26

1.75
1.77
1.71
1.56
1.68
1.77
1.56
1.92

3

“

-

~

14
13
1

14
14
4

1

8
8

1
1

1
5
1

4
4
2

1
3
2
_

_

4
4

_
_

12
10

4

3

1

7

2

4

3

1

7

16
15
1

2
2

-

-

2

-

“

"

4

2

2
2
_
-

1
1
3

22
18
20
20

23
23
15
12
3
2
2
12

61
15
21
16
5
19
7
14

9
3
33

7
7
55

26
7

35
20

1
41
_
41

_

3

_

4

6

3
3
3
2

4
4
4
9
3
6

1

“

~

“

_

-

-

'

'

-

-

S elected produ ction
occu pation s— w om en
A s s e m b le r s , ca s e goods™™.
Trw*enrive
rT
1^er«, i*ring'll st.rir.1c
Incentive__________________
O ff-b e a r e r s , m a c h in e ---------T im e
Parlrerfl, fn m itiire
. _ ...
Tims.
_
_
Tnrentive
...
S an ders, fu rn itu re, hand___
T im s
Incentive__________________
Sanders, fu rn itu re.
) n a r V iin s ^
T im s

Incentive
B s1t _ _
T n r s n tiv s

_ ____
_____

S p ra y ers ______________________ ______
T im e_______________ _________
Incentive .
™
'

35

See footnotes at end of table.




_
_

3
2

3
_

-

-

-

_

_

-

3

-

22
22
32
32

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

_
_
_
_

_
6

_
3

_
9

6

3

5
3
2

6
6

23
15
8

6
3
7
4
3

111
90
21

3
3

4
4

42
42

_

_

3
3

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

_

3

_

"

_
_

_
_

3

_

3
3
3
4
4

_
3
_
-

_

_
3
_

16
13

_
_
_
_

6

'

-

2

3
'

_

_

_
_

11

10

3

1
1

10

3

_

-

-

-

G
>

Table 16. Occupational Earnings: Indiana— Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, May—
June 1965)

1 E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* Insufficien t data to w arra nt p resen tation of separate averages by method o f w age paym ent; (a) predom inantly tim e w o rk e rs, and (b) predom inantly incentive w ork ers.
Includes data f o r w o rk e rs in c la s s ific a tio n in* addition to those shown separately.

Table 17. Occupational Earnings: Jamestown, N.Y.1
(N um ber and ave ra g e straigh t-tim e hourly earnings 2 o f w o rk e rs in se le cte d occupations in w ood household furniture, except uph olstered,
m anufacturing establishm ents, M ay—
June 1965)

Sex and occu pation

A ll p rodu ction w o r k e r s -----M e n ___________________ _
W nm on ..................

Number o f w o rk e rs re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings o f—
N um - A v e r age
hourly $1.25 $1.30 $1.35 $1.40 $1.45 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50
of
w o rk - e a r n - and
and
under
ers
xngs
$1.30 $1.35 $1.40 $1.45 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2,80 $2,9Q $3,Q0 $?,1Q $3,20 $3,30 $3,40 $3.50 over
1, 267 $ 1 .9 4
1,051
2.01
216 1. 60

27
15
12

55
37
18

30
21
9

51
18
33

51
32
19

133
94
39

106
79
27

100
81
19

113
100
13

86
85
1

97
91
6

75
68
7

81
73
8

73
69
4

34
34

31
30
1

21
21

22
22

28
28

21
21

9
9

21
17
4
4
1
3

9
8
1
1
1
2
2

3
3
_
1
1
2

6
6
_
_
_

13
3
10
2
2
1

14
12
2
1
1
1

4
_
4
2
_
_

4
_
4
2
2
3

1
_
1

5
_
5

7
5
2

2
_
2

1

_

_

-

2

-

1

1

_

3

1

_

_

1

3

2

2

-

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

3
2
1

3
1
2

1
1
"

2
2
-

2

-

-

8
8

5
5

5
5

1
1

_

_

4
4

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_ '

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

S elected produ ction
o c cupations— m en
A s s e m b le r s , c a s e g o o d s —
T im e ____________________
Incentive------------------------C u t-o ff-s a w o p e ra to rs ------Inc entive---------------------—
G lu e r s , rough stock ----------T im e ______ _________ ___
Incentive------------------------M aintenance m en,
gen era l u tility
(a ll tim e w o r k e r s )-----------M olding -m a ch in e
o p e ra to rs (s e t up
and operate) — — ---- ^
-------T im e __________________ —
Incen tiv e.------------------------

103
58
45
13
8
27
10
17

2. 18
2.1 1
2 .2 7
2 .0 8
2. 16
1.9 5
1.70
2 .0 9

_
-

1
1
2
2
-

_
1
1
1
1

1
1
-

2
1
1
-

3
1
2
2
-

2
1
1
2
2

4
1
3
1
_
7
5
2

18

2 .0 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

3

13
6
7

2 .1 7
2 .2 8
2 .0 8

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

1

"

“

-

-

See footnotes at end of table,




1

-

_

_

_
_

2

1
_

1




Table 17. Occupational Earnings: Jamestown, N.Y.1— Continued
and average straight-time hourly earnings2 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, May—
June 1965)
miT

i
rk rs

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
A ve r­
age
$2 .1 0 $ 2 .20 $ 2 .30 $ 2 .40 $2 .50 $2.60 $ 2 .70 $2 .80 $2 .90 $3.00 $ 3 .10 $ 3 .20 $3 .30 $3.40 $3.50
h o u r ly $1.25 $1.30 $ 1 .35 $ 1.40 $1.45 $1 .50 $1 .60 $1.70 $1 .80 $1.90 $2 .00
e a r n ­ and
and
in g s 2 under
$1.30 $ 1 .35 $1.40 $ 1 .4 5 $1 .50 $ 1 .60 $1.70 $1.80 $ 1 ,9 0 $2 .00 $2.10 $2 ,2 0 $2 .30 $2 .40 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .60 $2 .70 $2 .80 J L .99 $3,09 $3.10 $3 .20 $3 .30 $3 .40 $3.50 over

82 $ 1 .7 3
1 .5 3
45
1.9 7
37
1.86
29
1 .7 3
14
1 .9 8
15
2.02
34
13
1.71

4
2
2
-

8
8
_
3

2
2
_

_
_
_

_
_

21

2.21

-

-

2
2
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

.

_

8
20
12

1 .8 5
2 .3 3
2 .0 9
2 .5 2
2 .3 7
2 .3 2
2 .5 3

26

2 .0 9

-

-

69
42
27
39
25
14
30
17
13

1 .9 9
2 .0 3
1 .9 3

1
_
1
1
_
1
_
_

5
4
1
_
_
_
5
4
1

1
1
1
_
_

14
9
60
28
32

2 .1 9
2 .2 4
2 .3 3
2 .0 6
2 .5 7

17

2 .3 0
2 .3 3
2 .2 8

24
18
6
1

2
1
1
8

7
4
3

1
2
2

4
3
2
1

_
_

2
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

1
1

-

8

12
10
2
2

28

12
16

6
11

16
15
7

8
9

6

_

2
2
-

5
4
1

_
_
-

_
.
-

-

1

2

3

3

4

4

3
3
3

4
4

4
1

-

4
5
3
2

2

4
1

4

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

-

2

-

2

1

-

-

2

-

2

1

-

-

2
2

:

2
2

1
1

:

1

3
5

1
1

I
1

1
2

3
1

1
2

-

3

-

1

1

2

1

2

-

3

-

1

2
4
4
.

1
-

1

-

4

2
2
2

1
1
-

1
1

4

6
2
4
3
3
3

1

1

3
2
1
3
"

2

1

1
4
4
_

2
2
2
1

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

"

“

~

10

2 .1 9
1 .9 5
1 .8 5
1 .8 0
1.91

1 .6 5
1 .6 0
1.41
1 .77
1 .8 9

-

-

-

"

-

3

2

4

4

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

4

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

3
1
2
2
2
1
1

10
6
4
3
3
7
6

1
1
1
1

_
-

3
1
2
3
1
2

2
2
2
2
-

2
2
2
2
-

1
1
1
1

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

4
4
2
2
2
2
-

_
-

-

12
8
4
8
8
4
4

1
1
1

-

10
7
3
5
5
5
2
3

6
5
1
3
3
3
2

-

3
2
1
2
2
1
1

2
2
2
2
-

-

2
2
1
1
1
_
1

“

-

-

-

2

-

“

1

■

“

_
_

_
_

1
1

_
_

1
1

-

5
5

-

4
4

1

-

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

9
3
2

.

4
4

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

2.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

1
5
4
-

_

l

2

-

1

1
2

-

2

1

“

1
1

1
3

2

-

2

1

-

•

3
3
13
11
2

-

-

"

i

3

-

1

“
:

:

■

-

-

-

5

1

3

2
1
1

-

-

-

5

1

3

_

1

1

!

-

1

1

-

-

-

1
8
2
6

13
8
5

3
1
2

2
2

2
2

-

1
2

-

-

-

:

*

"

"

:

"

1

i

2

1

1

1

_

1
_

2

1

_

_

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

:

2

-

_

i
i

’

-

i

1

its o f C h a u ta u q u a C o u n ty.
o v e r tim e an d fo r w o r k on w e ek e n d s, h o lid a y s , an d la te sh ift s .
p r e s e n t a t io n o f se p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m in a n t ly t im e w o r k e r s ,

a n d (b) p r e d o m in a n t ly in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ,

C
O
>1

Table 18. Occupational Earnings: Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 2 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments. May—
June 1965)
Number of w ork ers receivin g stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
Sex and occupation

Nuxqber A verage
$1170
hourly
of
and
w ork ers earnings 2 under
$ 1 .8 0

3 ,8 3 5
3 ,7 5 8
77

A ll production w ork ers.
M e n ----------------------------W o m e n ----- —----- —-------

$ 2 .6 4
2 .6 4
2 .4 5

29
29

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .90

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$2 .20

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 .1 0

$ 3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$ 3 .6 0

$ 1 .9 0

$2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .30

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$-3.00. $ 3 .1 0

$ 3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$ 3 .6 0

over

158
158

190
190

25
25

82
81

88
88

58
35
6
-

19
-

32
14
1

-

1
20
2
4
19
18
1

“

1
“

“

and

142
141
1

177
176

109
108

1

289
287
2

343
305
38

369
355
14

607
599
8

372
365
7

203
203

219
217
2

124
124

133
131
2

125
125

24
5
24
-

50
3
1

121
4
2
9
3

139
18
8
6
-

60
7
29
14
"

18
1
12
1
4

11
3
11

6
3

4
10

2
2
13
1

12
12
-

2
20
2
3
2
2
19
19
-

4
19
3
1
19
11
8

2
-

2
1
1
1

2
-

10
9
"

5

51
51

1

-

-

-

-

2

7

-

14
-

6
8

11
7

2
12

10
6
6

-

2
-

12
2

2

4

“

-

-

‘
S elected production •
oc cupations— m en
A s s e m b le r s , c a se goods------------------- ----------A s s e m b le r s , c h a ir s -------------------------------------C u t -o ff-s a w operators-i.------ ------- ---------------G lu e r s, rough stock----------------------— -----------Maintenance m e n , general u tility — -----M old in g-m achin e op erators (se t up
and o p e r a te )------------------------ -----------------------O ff-b e a r e r s , m a c h in e --------- ----- ------------------P a c k e r s, fu rn itu re------------ —------ -----------------P lan er operators (se t up and o p e r a te )----R ip -sa w op era to rs------ ------------ ---------------------Router op erators (se t up and o p e r a te )----R u b b ers, fu rn itu re------ ------- ----------------------Hand-----------------------------------------------------------M achin e--------------------------------------------------S and ers, furn itu re, hand — ----------------------S and ers, furn itu re, m achine ——— — ———
B e lt _________________________________________
Other than b elt—— ........... —------ — -----------Shaper op era to rs, autom atic (se t up
and o p e r a te )------------------------ -----------------------Shaper o p era to rs, hand (se t up
and operate) — — —— — —— — — — ——
Shaper o p era to rs, hand (feed o n ly )----------S prayer s------------- ----------------------- ---------------------Tenoner o p erators (se t up
and operate) —---------- ------ ------ ----------------------

594
43
120
88
33

2 .6 3
2 .4 4
3 .0 2
2 .7 1
2 .8 9

9
145
38
6
93
15
61
32
29
274
196
149
47

2 .9 5
2 .2 6
2 .5 2
2 .7 7
2 .8 2
2 .6 5
2 .3 7
2 .2 8
2 .4 6
2 .2 8
2 .6 6
2 .7 2
2 .4 5

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
_
13

_

1
-

36
_
_
.

-

-

6
.
_
_
.
_

_

•1
.
_
9
7
2
29

-

-

_

-

“

-

7
6
_
2
47
5
2
23
6
_
6

5
2
_
-

-

28
1
1
11
5
6
28
8
2
6

4
6
10
1
5
5
89
4
4
-

1
7
2
13
13
69
11
6
5

3
1
6
3
11
11
4
46
36
10

12
2
13
2
10
10
4
50
46
4

_
9

6
6
10

3
_
28

2
_
68

3
26

44

13
1
29

-

35
3
2
1
8
7
7

“

"

-

5

“

12

5

1

4

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

15

3 .2 5

-

84
25
250

2 .9 6
2 .9 8
2 .6 3

_

_

_
_

_
_

1

-

-

-

33

2 .9 6

"

-

-

15

2 .4 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

6

13

2. 32

-

-

-

-

4

-

6

-

6
6
-

_

_

_
10

2

S elected production
occupations— w omen
A s s e m b le r s , c a se goods------------

S elected o ffice
occupations—-w om en
C le r k s, p ayroll-----------—

----------

-

-

The L os A ngeles—Long B each Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea consists of L os A ngeles .and Orange C ounties.
E xclud es p rem iu m pay fo r ove rtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts. V irtu ally all of the production w orkers covered by the study w ere paid on a tim e b a sis.




-

Table 19. Occupational Earnings: Louisville, Ky.—Ind.
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings2 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
,
pnanufacturing establishments, May—
June 1965)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
Sex and occupation

A ll production w o r k e r s M e n __ _____ __ ____ ____

of
hourly
w orkers earnings 2

$1 .25
and
under
$1 .30

2 ,0 3 2
1 ,7 0 9
323

$2.22
2.28
1.92

20
11
9

193
165
19
25
19
6

2.52
2.63
2.20
2.60
2.4 3
3.16

2
2

17
87
52
8
44
20

2.16
1.83
2.51
1.78
2.6 4
2.07

20
17
14
55
67
16
51
51
13
38
16

2.0 2
2.2 4
2.3 3
2.41
2.35
1.87
2.51
2.19
1.84
2.31
2.88

13
112
16
96

$1.30 $1.35

$1 .4 0 "$1.45 $1.50

$1.60

$1.70

$1 .80“ $1.90

$2.00 $2 .10

$2.20

$2.30

$2.40

$2.50 "$275 o" $2.70

$2.80

$2.90

$1.35 $1.40

$1.45

$1.50 $1.60

$1.70

$1.80

$1.90

$2.10 $2.20

$2.30

$2.40

$2.50

$2.60

$2^70

$2.90

over

and

1
1

8
8

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

19
6
13

9
7
2

50
22
28

83
50
33

$2.00

$2.80

256
210
46

271
192
79

271
235
36

235
205
30

118
106
12

116
110
6

114
109
5

71
67
4

65
62
3

66
64
2

34
33

41
40

184
171
13

19
11
3
1

18
17
1
2

35
16
7
1

17
17
2
2
2

13
13

11
11
1
2
2

15
15

5
5

10
10

4
4

4
4

1

-

-

-

2
2
-

35
35
4
2

2

4
4
1
11
11
-

-

-

2

2
11
6
1
5
2

_

2
5
_
5
-

2
2
1
_
1
3

Z

2
1
1
6

4
_
_
2

1
8
_
8
~

1
2
2
2
1

2
6
6
6
-

2
_
-

3
2
1
6
3
2
1
2
1
1
1

2
1
1
6
3
_
3
1
1
2

_
_
5
2
_
2
2

_
_
_
1
3
_
3
2
2

2
3
2
2
1
1
1

_
1
1
4
1
1
1

_
3
3
2
2

4
1
_
1

1
13
_
13

_
5
5

_
5
5

1
-

1

2

1

1

S elected production
occupations— m en
A s s e m b le r s , c a se good s___ —___
Incentive..
C u t -o ff-s a w op erators 3 -- ---------------M aintenance m e n , ge n eral utility
T im e ..
In c en tiv e M old in g-m achin e o p erators (se t up
and operate) 3------------ ----- ---------- ------ —
O f f -b e a r e r s , m ac h in e3—
P a c k e r s, fu rn itu re..
T im e .—. ___________
In c e n tiv e R ip -sa w op erators 3 Router opera to rs (se t up and
operate) 3
R u b b ers, fu rn itu re3 4 _
H and3______________________
S an d ers, furn itu re, hand3 .
S an d ers, furn itu re, m a c h in e .
T im e Incentive—
B e lt.
T im e Incentive— _
Other than b e lt 3 Shaper o p e r a to r s, hand (s e t up
and operate) 3_______________ _____
S prayer s __________________ ___ ______
T im e -------------------------------------------In c en tiv e Tenoner op erators (se t up
and operate) 3_____________ —

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

1

_
_
_

-

_
_
_
_
-

_

1

_

_

_

_

_
6
.
_
_

-

_
_
_
_
1

-

-

-

1

-

2
18
5
5
_
2

_
_
_
1
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
>
_
.
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

3
2
2
3
6
1
5
5
5
1

2
2
2
3
6
1
5
5
5

-

5
4
2
4
12
7
5
12
7
5
-

3
_
_
11
9
5
4
8
5
3

-

_
_
_
_
3
_
3
3
3
-

1

1

2.16
2.5 3
1.88
2.6 4

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

1

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
3
2

3
19
2
17

_

-

1
8
6
2

17
5
12

1
3
_
3

21

2.47

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

80
32
48
14

1.95
1.58
2.19
2.0 2

3

3

_
_

_
1

8
_
8

3

_
_

12
12
_

12

_
_

12
3

3
2

3
7

3
1

1

13

1.87

-

2

1

-

_
_•

4
_
_
_

2
13
3
1 '
2

10
1
_
I

1

_

-

_
_
_

3
1
_
1

_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_
_

2
1
1
1
_
-

_

_
_
_

,
2
-

_

2
2

1
_
12
_
12

1

_

_
_
_

.
_
.

_

_

_

2
3
3
-

_
9
9
1

_
5
5
1
3
3
2
2
1

_
7
11
11
6
6
5

-

1
8
8

_
16
16

2

2

4

1

1

S elected production
occupations— women
S an d ers, furn itu re, h a n d .
T im e In c e n tiv e S p raye rs 3

11
7
4

17
13
4

j

j

1
1

7

7

1

-

1

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

S elected office
occupations— w omen
C le r k s , p a y r o ll-

-

-

-

-

3
*

1

3
*

The L ou isville Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea c o n sists of Jefferson County, K y .; and C lark and Floyd C ounties, Ind.
Excludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
Insufficient data to w arrant presentation of separate averages by method of wage payment; predominantly incentive w ork ers.
Includes data for w ork ers in c lassifica tion in addition to those shown separately.




8

Table 20. Occupational Earnings: Martinsville, Va.
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 2 of workers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, May-June 1965)
Number of w orkers receivin g stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings of—
Sex and occupation

A ll production w o rk ers— — ----------------------------------M e n ------ -----------— --------------------------------------------------W o m e n --------—----- — --------- -------------- ----------------------

of
w orkers

A verage
$1.25
hourly
and
ea rn in g s13 under
2
$1.30

$ 1 .3 0

$ 1 .3 5

$ 1 .4 0

$ 1 .4 5

$ 1 .5 0

$ 1 .6 0

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .9 0

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$2.40

$ 1 .3 5

$ 1 .4 0

$ 1 .4 5

$ 1 .5 0

$ 1 .6 0

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .9 0

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$2 .50

6,8 10
6,1 7 4
636

$ 1. 50
1. 52
1 .3 3

443
371
72

911
547
364

991
897
94

845'
783
62

525
500
25

805
791
14

943
940
3

747
747
“

398
396
2

97
97
"

53
53

30
30
-

2
2

6
6

~

3 14
14

■

-

228
63
123
62

1 .5 6
1 .6 6
1 .4 3
1. 86

4
4
-

6
33
-

11
2
14
-

29
4
16
-

24

47
9
20
3

58
21
13
8

48
17
7
12

1
7
13

_
2
6

_
8

_

_

16
2

6

-

-

4

35
16
432
149
20
27
97
53
29
125
46
79
139
492
329
163

1. 86
1 .4 2
1 .3 7
1 .4 0 '
1 .7 2
1 .4 9
1 .6 4
1 .7 0
1 .4 4
1 .4 2
1 .3 5
1 .4 6
1 .3 8
1 .6 2
1 .6 4
1. 58

48
14
2
2
7
1

4
135
40
4
4
26
17
9
27

3
28
10
2
1
4
10
31
2
29
23
29
8
21

1
4
21
9
1
9
24
3
9
10
10
10
73
42
31

2
6
10
7
4
38
13
8
1
7
1
121
84
37

21
16
151
120
31

9
9
9
10
51
35
16

8
5
1

6
-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
10

3
150
37
7
4
2
4
29
6
23
41
24
15
9

7
4
3

-

“

"

“

■

-

1

2
44
25
2
19
18
1
30
8
2
6

24
32

1 .8 5
1 .6 4

-

-

-

-

7

2

2
9

5
10

11
4

2
-

3
-

-

-

1
-

-

35
343
44

1 .7 7
1 .5 9
1 .8 1

"

12

27

24

2
31

49

6
67
9

17
17
11

1
14

-

-

-

-

-

“

7
115
9

3

“

24
80

1 .3 5
1 .3 1

1
6

Selected production occupations— m en

A s s e m b le r s , ca se goods----- — ------------------------------C u t -o ff-s a w o p e r a to r s ____ — ---------------- — ------------G lu e r s, rough stock-------------------- ----------------------------M aintenance m e n , general u tility -----------------------M old in g-m achin e op erators (se t up
and o p e r a te )-------------------- ---------------------------------------M oldin g-m achin e operators (feed only)—-----------O ff-b e a r e r s , m a c h in e --------------------------------------------P a c k e r s, furniture --------------- -— ------------------------P laner op erators (se t up and o p e r a te )---------------P laner op erators (feed only)---------------------------------R ip -sa w o p e r a to r s----------------------------------------- ---------Router o p erators (se t up and o p e r a te )---------------Router o p erators (feed on ly).------ -------------------------R u bbers, fu r n itu r e --------------------------------------------------Hand
. . .
.
.
.
.
Mac h ine------— --------------------------- —
— --------S and ers, furn itu re, hand---------------------------------------S and ers, furn itu re, m a c h in e--------------------------------B elt
Other than b elt-----------------------------------------------------Shaper o p era to rs, autom atic (se t up
and o p e r a te )-----------------------------------------------------------Shaper o p e r a to r s, autom atic (feed o n ly )-----------Shaper o p e r a to r s, hand (se t up
and o p e r a te )-----------------------------------------------------------Sprayer s— — ------ ----- ------------------------------------------------Tenoner op erators (se t up and o p e r a te )--------——

-

33

'

•

1

1

_

'

■

S elected production occupations— wom en

P a c k e rs, fu rn itu re--------------------------- ----------------------Sanders, furn itu re, hand—-------------------------- — -------

n
60

10
8

1
6

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1 The M a rtin sville a re a c o n s ists o f the city o f M artinsville and Henry County.
2 E xclu des prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holid ays, and late shifts. A ll production w o rk e rs co v e r e d by the study w ere paid on a tim e b a sis.
3 Includes 2 w o rk e rs at $2.& 0 to $ 2 .7 0 .




_

_

’

Table 21. Occupational Earnings: Miami and Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood, Fla.
(N um ber and average stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings 1 of w ork ers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except u pholstered,
2
manufacturing estab lish m en ts, May—
June 1965)
Number of w ork ers receiving stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
Occupation

A l l production w o r k e r s ___________ _________________
M e n _____ __ _____________ __ ______ _____
____ __
W o m e n — _______ ________

Number
of
. w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings 2

$1.25

$1730

$1. 35

$1. 40

$ 1 .^ 5

$ 1 .5 0

$1. 60

$1. 70

$ 1 .8 0

$1. 90

$2. 00

$2. 10

$2. 20

$2. 30

$2. 40

$2750^ $ 2 .6 0

and
under
$1. 30

$1. 35

$ 1 .4 0

$ 1 .4 5

$1. 50

$1. 60

$1. 70

$1. 80

$ 1 .9 0

$2. 00

$2. 10

$2. 20

$2. 30

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

and
over

870
857
13

$1. 71
1 .7 2
1. 62

62
59
3

26
26
“

115
115
-

32
32
"

29
29
-

90
89
1

106
102
4

121
119
2

51
51
-

44
42
2

73
73
“

33
32

31
31

1

-

17
17
-

3
3
-

18
18
-

19
19
-

77
27
9
7
23
8
19
13
16
24
88
39
49

1.9 9
1. 87
1.4 8
2.2 1
1. 28
1.6 0
1.7 5
1. 80
1.57
1. 37
1.5 5
1 .6 3
1.4 9

.
_
20
_
8
4
_
4

.
_
_
_
4
2
_
2

.
3
2
1
3
_
16
7
9

_
_
1
_
1
5
7
_
7

_
1
_
_
4
_
4
3
1

2
3
_
3
6
11
1
10

2
6
1
_
1
_
5
6
1
28
14
14

13
5
1
1
_
4
9
1
_
9
7
2

8
2
_
2
3
1
_
6
6
_

11
7
_
_
5
4
1
_
_
_
_

17
3
_
1
_
1
1
_
1
1
_

6
1
_
2
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

5
_
_
_
_
_
_

7
3
_
_
_
_
_
_

2
_
_
_
_
_
_

3
_
3
_
_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_
_
_

8
40
7
8

1.91
1 .8 8
1. 88
1.6 9

-

-

2

-

_
1

3
3

_
4

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
7
3

1
1

-

_
3
1

1
3

-

2
3
3

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

S elected production occupations 3

A s s e m b le r s , c a se good s__ _______ _________________
C u t -o ff-s a w o p era to rs______ __ ____________________
G lu e r s . rough stock______
__ _
M aintenance m e n , ge n eral u tilit y ________________
O f f -b e a r e r s , m a c h in e __ __ _________________ _______
P a c k e r s , fu rn itu re______________ ______________ ____
R ip -sa w o p e r a to r s- __ __
Router o p erators (set up and o p e r a te )__________
Router o p erators (feed only)______________________
S and ers, furn itu re, hand__
___
__
S an d ers, furn itu re, m achine _________
B elt
_ __ _____ ______
_ __
O ther than belt__ __
_________________ ______
Shaper o p e r a to r s, hand (set up
and operate) _ ____ _______ _
S p ra y e rs______ ____ _____
_ _
‘
Tenon er op erators (se t up and o p e r a te )________
T enoner op erators (feed only)___ _____ __________

1

3

-

1

1 The M ia m i and F o r t Lauderdale—
Hollywood Standard M etropolitan S tatistical A r e a s consist of Dade and Brow ard Counties.
2 E xclud es p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olidays, and late sh ifts. A ll production w ork ers covered by the study w ere paid on a tim e b a sis.
3 Data relate to m en w o r k e r s.




Table 22. Occupational Earnings: Winston-Salem—High Point. N.C.
(Num ber and average stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings 2 of w ork ers in selected occupations in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing estab lish m en ts, M ay-June 1965)
Number of w ork ers receivin g stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
Number
of
w orkers

Sex and occupation

A ll production w o rk ers__ __
M en . . __
. . __ ----W om en
__

----------

—
—

-

A verage
hourly
earnings 2

$ 1 .2 5
and
under
$ 1 .3 0

$ 1 .3 0

$ 1 .3 5

$ 1 .4 0

$ 1 .4 5

$ 1 .5 0

$ 1 .6 0

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .9 0

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 1 .3 5

$ 1 .4 0

$ 1 .4 5

$ 1 .5 0

$ 1 .6 0

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .9 0

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

108
108
■

35
35

9
9
"

5
5

8
8

7 ,6 7 9
6 ,8 5 0
829

$ 1 .5 2
1.54
1.38

423
328
95

834
642
192

844
665
179

886723
163

756
670
86

1289
1222
67

1032
991
41

817
814
3

428
425
3

185
185

268
71
123
90

1.62
1.61
1.46
1.88

_
4
-

2
3
6
-

7
4
8
-

26
2
24
-

23
9
21
2

57
6
50
10

50
20
10
8

64
18
14

35
8
20

4
1
8

_

_

_

_

12

6

5

1

_
-

_
4

53
458
154
32
109
76'
27
266
215
51
234
564
335
229

1.80
1.40
1.43
1.60 •
1.57
1.64
1.50
1.42 '
1.40
1.50
1.43
1.57
1.59
1.55

49
17
21
17
4
31
16
12
4

77
24
4
3
3
37
36
1
44
17
13
4

83
14
7
4
1
49
46
3
32
53
21
32

113
25
3
3
3
2
41
32
9
33
70
35
35

47
25
4
13
3
6
51
39
12
26
38
18
20

7
66
32
9
27
16
9
41
31
10
16
112
70
42

7
23
12
6
37
24
6
13
11
2
37
93
61
32

16
2
8
14
5
13
3
10
8
106
62
44

5
3
3
8
7
36
24
12

. 12
2
1
5
11
8
3

5
6
6
-

6
6
5
1

-

-

-

-

30
67
27
321
47

1.84
1.78
1.51
1.56
1.76

16
■

5
“

24

7
44

7
16
55
3

5
13
2
55
8

8
16
1
69
10

7
22
20
7

6
5
3
12

3

1
”

4
-

3
"

“

-

“

1
30
3

18
7
82
200
45
13
32
86

1.40
1.39
1.37
1.36
1.40
1.42
1.39
1.45

9
24
-

6
3
15
73
5
1
4
3

3
24
* 46
18
2
16
16

3
19
31
8
5
3
14

4
4
11
6
6
2
4
23

_

2
4
14
4

_
-

-

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

"

20
20

-

-

Selected production occupations— m en

A s s e m b le r s , c a se goods___________________________
----C u t-o ff-s a w o p e r a to r s-—
G lu e r s, rough stock___
M aintenance m en, g en eral u tility ----- ------------------M old in g-m achin e o p erators (se t up
and o p e r a te )________________________________ ____ __
O f f -b e a r e r s , m achine _____
__
__
__
P a c k e r s , furniture ___
P lan er op erators (se t up and o p era te)_
_
—
R ip -sa w o p erators_______ _ __ __
Router op erators (set up and o p era te)___________
Router op erators (feed only) -----__ _ •— _
Rubbe r s , fu rn itu re_______ __________________________
Hand__________ __ -------- ----- -------- — —
S and ers, furn itu re, h an d -_______ _____ _
_ __ —
S and ers, furn itu re, m ac h in e------------------- ------------B e lt ................
___
- ..................
Other than b e l t ________________________ __________
Shaper o p era to rs, autom atic (se t up
and operate) _
„
—
—
Shaper o p era to rs, hand (set up and operate)----Shaper op era to rs, hand (feed only)
Spraye r s—----------------------— — —--------------------------- -----Tenoner op erators (se t up and o p e r a te ). ----- --

1

'

S elected production occupations— w om en

A s s e m b le r s , c a se goods
G lu e r s, rough stock . .
R u b b ers, furn itu re, hand _________- ----- -----------------S an ders, furn itu re, hand_______________________ —
S an d ers, furn itu re, m achine ------ -------------------------B elt _
- _
Other than b elt __
__
___
—
Spraye r s------------- --------- ---------------------------------- ------------

6
8
3
5
26

The W inston-Salem r-H igh P oint area c on sists of Davidson, F orsyth , Guilford, and Randolph Counties.
Excludes p rem iu m pay fo r o ve rtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts. V irtu ally a ll of the production w ork ers covered by the study w ere paid on a tim e b a sis.




Tabic 23. Occupational Wage Relationships: Selected Areas
(Relationships between average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of men machine off-bearers and men in selected occupations 2 in wood household furniture,
except upholstered, manufacturing establishments, 13 selected areas, May—
June 1965)

Occupation

M aintenance m en, general utility— __
Tenoner op erators (se t up and operate)________
Shaper op era to rs, hand (set up
and operate)_______
________________ __
A s s e m b le r s , case g o o d s .____________ _________ —_
C u t-o ff-s a w op erators _ _
__ _ _
S and ers, furn itu re, m ach in e._______________ _____
Router o p erators (se t up and op erate)._________
S prayers __ __ ___
_
____
R ip -sa w o p e r a to r s _______________ __ __________ ___ —
G lu ers, rough sto ck _______________________________
R u bbers, furn itu re, hand_______________________ _
P a c k e r s, furniture
. . ---_
__ _
S and ers, furn itu re, h a n d ____________ __ _________

Median
index

Los
F ort
Grand
H ic k o r y A n g e le s Chicago, E vansville,
G ardner,
Jamestow n,
Smith,
Rapids, State sv ille , Indiana
Long
111.
In d .-K y.
M a ss.
N .Y .
A rk.
M ich.
N .C .
Beach,
C alif.

M iam i
W instonand F ort
S a le m L ou isville , M artin sville,
Lauderdale—
High
K y .-In d.
Va.
Hollywood,
Point,
N .C .
F la .

134
133

137
137

136
144

127
117

116
133

150
170

134
140

117
116

121
133

128
131

142
135

136
132

173
147

134
126

130
120
120
120
119
119
115
113
110
108
106

144
122
126
122
121
123
111
127
122
101
120

116
111
127

142
133
114
140
135
147
111
118
131
113
157

154
155
140
147
149
138
136
131
148
127
115

140
120
122
120
133
117
120
112
107
106
105

109
114
113
107
104
114
111
103
100
106
104

127
126
120
115
107
135
117
113
137
108
121

131
116
134
118
117
116
125
120
101
112
101

118
138
120
128

129
114
121
118
124
116
120
104
99
102
101

149
155
146
121
141
147
137
116

127
116
115
112
117
111
112
104
100
102
102

-

113
107
108
106
107

119

no

-

109
111
_
102
97

109

no
118
106

no
138
113
_
127
137
132

.

125
107

1 E xclud es p rem iu m pay fo r overtim e and for work on weekends, h olidays, and late shifts.
2 In each a r e a , average stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations have been ex p ressed as a percent of the average for men m achine o ff-b e a r e r s .
area index is the figu re above and below which half of the area indexes fa ll.
NOTE;

The median

D ashes indicate no data reported or data that do not m eet publication c rite ria .




A

CO

Table 24. Method, of Wage Payment
(Percent of production workers in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by method of wage payment, United States and selected regions, May-June 1965)
United
States 2

M ethod of wage p aym ent1

A orkers__________________
iiw

New
England

Middle
A tlantic

B order
States

Southeast

Southwest

G reat
Lakes

100

100

100

100

98
71
56
14
27

100

100

100

100

T im e -r a te d w ork ers __ _
__
___ ___ . . .
F o r m a l plans__ ______________ _____ ___ __________
Single r a t e ___ _____ ____ _____ ________ ___ ___
Range of rates __
_ __ __
In d iv id u a l r a t e s
_ _ _
_ __

82
34
8
26
48

66
9
8
2
57

70
31
1
31
39

87
45
10
35
42

94
27
(3)
26
67

74
29
2
27
46

62
39
13
26
23

Incentive w o r k e r s .. _
___
__ ___ _
Individual p iec ew o rk ___________________ ___ ____
Group p iec ew o rk __ _______ ___ _______________ _
Individual b o n u s___ ____________________ ____ ____

18
5
2
7
4

34
15
1
14
3

30
12
1
14
2

13
1

6
1
2
2
2

26
6
9
3
8

38
12
3
12

1 F o r definition of method of wage payment, see appendix A .
2 Includes data for regions in addition to those shown sep arately.
3 L e s s than 0 .5 percen t.
NOTE:




B ecau se of rounding,

sum s of individual item s m ay not equal totals.

-

11
1

P acific

2
(3)
1

Table 25. Scheduled Weekly Hours
{Percent of production and office workers in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
by scheduled weekly hours of day-shift workers, 1 United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
United
States 2

New
England

100

W eekly hours

100

Middle
Atlantic

B order
States

Southeast

Southwest

G reat Lakes

P acific

Production w orkers

Under 40 h o u r s____
___ —
—
__________
4 0 h o u r s _____
_______ __________ ___
_______ _
O ver 40 and under 45 hours _ ___
4 5 h ours
_ .
...
. _
O v e r 4 5 and u n d e r 50 h o u r s .

50 h o u r s _________________
_____
O ver 50 hours---------------------------------------------------------

(*>
64
6
17
6
5

36
9
24
22
9

100

100

100

100

100

100

57
6
12
24

1
83
3
8

62
8
22

88
2
10

49
9
22
7
11
2

100

5

5
2
O ffice w orkers

A ll w o rk ers— -

------------------

-----

100

Under 40 hours --------- -------- ------------------------- _
40 h o u r s ___________ _____________ ___ __ ________
Over 40 hours— ------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

5
91
3

3
85
12

11
89

1
99

7
90
3

9
91

5
87
7

100

1 Data relate to the predominant w ork schedule in each establish m en t,
2 Includes data for regions in addition to those shown sep arately.
3 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
NOTE:




B ecause o f rounding,

reg a rd le ss o f the w ork er's sex .

stuns o f individual item s m ay not equal totals.

*

01

Table 26. Overtime Premium Pay
(Percent of production and office workers in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments
with provisions for daily or weekly overtime by rate of pay and hours after which effective,
United States and selected regions, May-June 1965)
United
States 1

Item

New
England

Middle
Atlantic

B order
States

Southeast

Southwe st

Great
Lakes

P acific

Production w ork ers
Daily
No fo r m a l p olicy___ _________ ___ ____ _____________
No p rem iu m pay _____
__
________
__
T im e and o n e-h a lf after—
7 hours —
8 hours
--------Other p ro v isio n s___

14
46

36
21

36
_

4
83

15
63

2
52

(2)
39
(2)

_
41
1

1
63
-

_
13
-

_
22
-

_

_

_

46
-

66
-

74
-

1
(2)

_
-

_
-

_
_

(2)
99
(2)

_
100
-

1
99
-

_
100

4
31

11
15

W eekly
No fo r m a l p olicy
No p rem iu m p a y _____ ____ ____________ _____________
T im e and on e-h a lf after—
35 h o u rs------ —
_
__ __
40 h ours_______
__ _
_ _
42 h o u r s
_ __
_
„ _ ,

_

_

(2)

2

(2)
(2)

8
_

_

_

99
-

98

99
(2)

92

_

O ffice w ork ers
D aily
No fo r m a l p olicy _
N o p rem iu m p a y __ __
T im e and o n e-h a lf after—
8 h ou rs— —
— ______ —

. . ......

21
46

42
36

56
-

9
71

12
60

4
58

10
50

42
15

33

.

21

44

20

29

38

40

43

7
1

3

17
_

1
1

_

_

4
2

38

93

62

W eekly
N o f o r m a l p o l ic y

No p rem iu m pay — — _____ _____
___
__
T im e and o n e-h a lf after—
3 7 V 2 hours _ __
________
_ _ _
40 h our s ___________ ______ __ . __________ ________ _
Other p ro v isio n s___

1
2

(2)
92
(2)

_

_

97

83

Includes data for regions in addition to those shown sep arately.
L e s s than 0 .5 percent.

NOTE:




B ecau se of rounding,

sum s of individual item s m ay not equal totals.

_
_

_
99
1

1
97

1

_
99

_

Table 27. Shift Differential Provisions
(Percent of production workers by shift differential provisions 1 in wood household furniture, except upholstered,
manufacturing establishments, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)
United
States 2

Shift differential

A ll w o rk ers-------------------------------------------------------

New
England

Middle
Atlantic

B order
States

Southeast

Southwest

Great
Lakes

P acific

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

5 3 .9
3 7 .6
32. 2
.3
1 1 .8
1 .0
2. 3
.7
1 5 .5
.6
5 .0
1 .3
3 .7
.3
. 1
1 6 .3

45. 1
45. 1
32. 5
1 0 .4
1 7 .2
4 .9
1 2 .6
8 .7
4 .0
-

3 4 .3
2 8 .4
2 2 .6
5 .4
2 .8
12. 1
2 .3
5 .8
5 .8
5 .9

70. 1
3 3 .8
3 2 .4
2 0 .9
2 .3
.6
8 .7
1 .3
1 .3
3 6 .3

47. 5
24. 1
2 3 .0
7. 2
1 .8
1 4 .0
1. 2
1 .2
2 3 .4

5 6 .6
4 3 .6
2 4 .8
23. 1
1 .7
1 8 .8
1 8 .8
13. 1

6 9 .0
6 9 .0
6 0 .2
1 .6
2 0 .6
1 .8
3 .8
3 .9
28. 5
8 .9
.8
8. 1
-

60. 5
4 6 .8
3 6 .0
5 .9
6 .4
2 3 .7
4. 5
4. 5
4. 5
1 .8
1 3 .7

2 2 .7
1 9 .6
1 5 .6
.3
2 .3
.4
.2
.7
2. 1
7 .3
. 3
1 .9
3 .8
. 5
3. 1
.2
.3
3. 1

2 3 .3
23. 3
1 9 .8
-

2 2 .0
2 2 .0
16. 3
-

3 2 .8
2 1 .6
2 0 .2
.6
1 0 .8
8 .9

6 .2
2 .2
2 .2
-

2 6 .7
2 6 .7
7 .9
7 .9
-

42. 1
42. 1
3 4 .7
1 .6
4. 1
1 .4
3 .9
3 .2
2 0 .5

4 2 .3
4 2 .3
3 3 .4

Second shift
W o rk ers in establishm ents having
sec o n d -sh ift p r o v isio n s------------------------ -----With shift differential — — ------- - — —
U n iform cents per hour
------— — 3 cents — —
—
— -------------------------5 c e n ts ___ ___ ____ __ ____________ ___
6 c e n ts -------------1
----------------------------------------7 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------7 V2 c e n ts _______ ____ ___ ___ __________
1 0 c ent s _________________ _________________
15 cents ------ ---------- ------------------ -----U n iform p erc en ta g e------------------------------------5 p e r c e n t---------------------- ---------- ----- ---------- 10 percent—____ _______ ______ ___ ___
F u ll d ay's pay for reduced hours— — ——
Other form al pay differential—
------------W ith no shift d ifferen tial-----------------------------------

~

Third or other late shift
W o rk ers in establishm ents having th ird - or
other la te -sh ift provisions ----------------- ------With shift d ifferen tial—
—
----------------- U n iform cents per hour — -------------------------3 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------5 cents - __ __ _____ ______ _______ _____ _
6 c e n ts _______ ___ _____ __ ____ ________ ___
7 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------7 V2 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------8 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------10 cen ts------------• ------------------------------------12 cents
----------------------------------- -----15 cen ts----------------------------------------------------U n iform p ercen tage------------------------------------5 p e r c e n t--------------------------------------------------10 percent _ -----—----- — ----- __ —
15 percent — ------------------------------------—
F u ll d ay's pay for reduced h ou rs. ----W ith no shift d ifferen tial-----------------------------------

1
2

-

1 5 .0
-

4 .9
3. 5
3. 5
-

-

1 1 .2
2 .8
2 .3
5 .8
5 .8
-

-

1 .3
1. 3
1 1 .3

-

2. 2
-

4. 1

-

-

1 8 .8
1 8 .8
-

-

7 .4
.8
5 .6
1 .0
-

-

17. 5
6 .4
1 .9
-

7 .6
4. 5
4. 5
4. 5

R e fers to policies of establishm ents either curren tly operating late shifts or having p rovisions covering late sh ifts.
Includes data for regions in addition to those shown sep arately.

N O TE :




B ecause of rounding,

sums of individual item s m ay not equal totals.

*

Table 28. Paid Holidays
(Percent of production and office workers in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments with
formal provisions for paid holidays, United States and selected regions, May-June 1965)
United
States 1

Num ber of paid holidays

New
England

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
5
16
28
3
11
16
15
2
-

99
5
20
2
15
27
2
1
8
2
8
6
3

48
2
8
2
3
29
1
1
2
-

58
3
6
12
12
1
11
9
4
-

85
2
6
13
5
57
2
-

98
2
1
(2 )
1
5
46
16
3
16
3
6
-

(2 ).

52

42

15

2

-

100

100

100

100

89
5
5
8
17
1
20
14
18
-

95
1
3

99
2
1

100
-

-

-

-

14
3
67
7
-

2
41
22
6
22
1
3

-

27
5
51
3
15
-

Middle
A tlantic

B order
States

Southeast

Southwest

G reat
Lakes

P acific

Production w ork ers
A ll w o r k e r s——

_ ________

—

—

W ork ers in estab lish m en ts providing
paid holidays .
________________________________
1 day—.
___ . _________ ___________ —
2 d a y s ----------------- „
____ ___ _______. ________ _____ —
3 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------3 days plus 1 half day________________________ _
4 days —
—___ ________________ ___ —
__ __ —
4 days plus 1 ur 2 half days__________________
5 days
_
___
. — __ ___ ___ _
5 days plus 1 half day __
•—
6 days
_ _ ____ ____ — . ______
6 days plus 1 half day.— __
. _
6 days plus 2 h alf days
—
—
7 days .
_
. . . . . .
.
7 days plus 1 h alf day----------- --------------------------7 days plus 2 h alf d a y s -----—---------------------------8 days
----------------- ---------------8 days plus 1 or 2 half days____________ ___ __
9 or 10 days
—
—
11 days or 11 days plus 2 half d a y s.________
Other p la n s _________________ . _____ . _____________
W o rk ers in estab lish m en ts providing
no paid h o lid a y s__
_______
_______
___

75
1
3
6
(2)
5
r)
8
(2)
25
3
2
12
2
(2)
4
(2)
2
1
(2)
25

2

100

100

100
2
20
1
50
2
25
-

O ffice w ork ers
A ll w o r k e r s—

___

—

— ________

—

W o rk ers in estab lish m en ts providing
paid holidays .
------------.
1 day—— —
— — — — - — —— —
—
2 days __________________________________________„
3 days ——
—
— — —
_____________ _________
4 d a y s —. —
—
_______
— -------4 days plus 2 half d a y s ___
___
. —
5 days
_
_
5 days plus 1 half day __
—
6 days
__
—
—
—____ _
6 days plus 1 half day __ - _
6 days plus 2 h alf d a y s _________________ ___ __
7 d a y s ____________________________________________
7 days plus 1 h alf day—1----------------------------- ----7 days plus 2 half d a y s________________________
8 d a y s ____________________________________________
8 days plus 1 or 2 half days---------------------------9 days ___„___________ ___ _____ _________________
10 days
— ------------11 days or 11 days plus 2 half days _ —
Other p la n s ----------------------------------- --------------------W ork ers in estab lish m en ts providing
no paid h o lid a y s---------------------------------------------------

1
2

100

96
2
2
4
8
<
2)
9
<
2)
32
5
5
18
2
(2)
4
(2)
1
1
1
(2)

100

100

100
1
-

99
-

-

6
-

30
5
11
22
24
1
-

4

-

98
(2)
7
15
-

3
2
13
2
27
23
1
3
5
7
6
5
3

6
65
(2)
1
2
-

-

-

-

(2)

2

11

5

(2 )

Includes data fo r regions in addition to those shown separately.
L e s s than 0 .5 p ercen t.

NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.




100

-

Table 29. Paid Vacations
(Percent of production and office workers in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments with formal
provisions for paid vacations after selected periods of service, United States and selected regions, May-June 1965)

Vacation policy

United
States 1

New
England

Middle
Atlantic

Border
States

Southeast

Great
Lakes

Southwest

P acific

Production w orkers
A ll w ork ers

— —_ __

_ _____

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
60
29
3

100
69
31
-

100
82
18
-

93
48
44
-

84
42
34
8

91
91
-

99
68
31
-

100
93
6
(2)

8

-

-

7

16

9

1

-

A fte r 6 months of service:
Under 1 w*»ek____ - ___.
_. . . . . . . _
1 week_____________________ ______________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s____ ___ _________ —

29
8
(2)

53
15
6

46
7

13
1
“

30
13
"

5
8
"

34
4
“

16
_

"

A fter 1 year of service:
Under 1 week___________________________________
1 week___
_
______ _
__ ___ _
O ver 1 and under 2 weeks — . ------ —
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------

1
82
1
5

94
.
6

2
98
-

93
-

2
70
1
10

8
64
3

1
90
5
2

88
.
-

A fte r 2 y e a rs of service:
— - ——
—
Under 1 week— __ - __
1 week----------------- _ ----- — -----------O ver 1 and under 2 weeks
_________
2 w eeks —___ _____ _____ _______________T
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------

1
68
9
12
(2)

85
7
8
-

72
4
24
-

83
7
2
-

2
62
1
16
1

6
80
4
-

1
54
36
7
-

76
_
13
-

1
53
14
23

56
35
9
.
-

39
11
50
-

79
7
7
-

2
57
3
20
2
1

6
72
8
4
-

36
44
14
4
-

18
3
79
_
-

24
2
73

12
6
82

50
2
40
1

35
4
41
4

22
68
-

“

"

~

1

“

7
1
75
14
1

13
76
11

24

5
3
80
7
5
-

50
37
1
5
-

30
6
44
2
3
-

7

13

-

_

-

61
2
5
-

58
15
18
1

10
4
72
-

5
2
59
5
29

50

30
6
39
2
8

7

13

31
1
11

Method of payment
W ork ers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations—. - —. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
L e n g th -o f-tim e payment
_ —
----Percentage p a y m e n t___________ _____ _________
Othe r , _________________________________ , ------------T
W ork ers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations_____ —__ __ ________________ - __
Amount of vacation pay 3

A fte r 3 y e a rs of service:
Under 1 week__________ -_____________ —____ _____
. _ _ ........... .......... __T . r
‘
1 week_______ _
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s__ _________ __ _____
2 w eeks — -__
_ ----- . — i_
- ----O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s-----------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------

(2)

A fte r 5 y e a rs of servic e:
1 week—____ ______ ___ _______________ - _________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------2 weeks —
----~ O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s-----------------------------3 weeks _
_
— .......

27
3
57
4
1

A fte r 10 ye ars of service:
1 wee k___ —
___— — ____ — — — _
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s___________ ___ — . . .
_ ____________ ____________ _______ __ __
_
2 w eeks_ _
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks —
_________________
3 w e e k s . . . . --------------------------- —
---------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ____________________

24
3
50
5
11
(2 )

A fte r 15 ye ars of s e r v ic e :4
1
, _1r - .I _ _ ■_ _ _ __ _ _ _
_
T .
_ _ _ _ ._ _ , _
_
_
__
_ _
_
24
O ver 1 and under 2 weeks __
— _
_
3
2 w eeks — . _ _ .
_ ..
.
...
—
39
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------4
21
3 w eek s.
_ _
_ .....
_
—
—
—
O ver 3 and under 4 weeks „ — _______________

See footnotes at end of table,




-

.

66
7
3
24
-

41
11
23

-

-

22

22
-

43
-

26

-

-

43
12
31
6

8
-

79

Table 29. Paid Vacations— Continued

8

(Percent of production and office workers in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments with formal
provisions for paid vacations after selected periods of service, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)

V acation policy

United
States 1

New
England

Middle
Atlantic

Border
States

Southeast

Southwest

Great
Lakes

Pacific

O ffice w orkers
A ll w o r k e r s---------- ------------------------ ------------------ -

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
97
2

100
100
-

100
95
5

99
99
-

98
98
1

94
94
■

99
93
7

100
100
-

1

-

"

2

6

(2 )

3
6

20
23
1

Method o f payment
W ork ers in estab lish m en ts providing
paid vacatio n s--------------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent —---------— -----------------P ercen tage paym ent----- ------------------------------------W ork ers in estab lish m en ts providing
no paid vacations---------------------------------------------------

1

Amount of vacation p a y 3
A fte r 6 months o f se r v ic e :
TTp^pr 1 w p p I _, __ n
t _
______________________________
1 week-------- — --------- --------— -------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------- --------— —
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------- --------------- ----------

15
25
2
1

29
52
1
4

34
16
3

13
21
7
-

8
32
1
1

A fte r 1 year of s e r v ic e :
Under 1 week—------------------------------------- --------——
1 week----- ----- ------------------------------ ------ —-------------—
2 w e e k s --------- ----- --------------------------------------------------

1
65
33

38
62

2
78
21

70
28

(2 )
64
34

3
63
28

62
36

70
30

A fte r 2 y e a rs o f se rv ic e :
Under 1 w eek------ ----------------------------------------- -----1 week— ------ ---------------- ---------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s-------------------------------2 w e e k s ___________________________________ ________

(2)
46
3
49

25
75

56
6
38

55
2
42

(2)
49
48

3
58
33

36
10
53

38
4
59

A fte r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e :
Under 1 week_— -------------------- ----- ----- ------ ---------1 w eek-------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s ___ _____ _____________ ___ ____ ___ ____ ____
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks ------- ---------- — ----- —

(2)
37
6
55
1

16
6
78
-

25
12
63
-

55
2
42
"

(2 >
49
45
4

3
51
4
36

26
13
60

5
5
90

“

-

A fte r 5 y e a rs o f se r v ic e :
1 week— ----- ------------- ------ — -----------------------------—
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w eeks —------------—-------------------------------- —------ ----O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------ ------------3 w eeks —--------------------------- -------------— ————— —

16
1
78
4
(2)

9
91
-

8
2
89
"

33
51
14
"

23
1
71
4

12
82
"

4
(2 )
93
2
(2 )

4
94
3

A fte r 10 y e a rs of s e r v ic e :
1 w eek______ — ——-------------------- —---------— — ——
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----— --------—— —
2 w eeks — — ----------------—------------- —— —— -------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------- —----- -----3 w e e k s ------------- —--------— —
--------------- ---------

15
(2)
72
3
9

9
86
5

5
2
85
6
3

33
48
18

23
71
4
1

12
80
1
“

3
85
4
7

50
50

A fter 15 y e a rs of s e r v ic e :4
1 week——------------- --------------- -— ———
— —-----O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------ --------- — — —
2 w e e k s --------- —------------- --------------- ------ ---------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------- --------------------3 w e e k s ___ — ------------ ------ ----- --------- —
—— —

15
(2)
59
3
22

9

5
2
61
2
30

33
31
34

23
63
4
8

12
57
25

3
77
4
15

44
56

-

56
6
30

“

1

13
-

1 Includes data for regions in addition to those shown separately.
2 L e s s than 0. 5 percent.
3 V acation paym ents such as percent of annual earnings and fla t-su m amounts w ere converted to an equivalent tim e b a sis.
P eriods of
se r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily chosen and do not n ecessarily refle ct the individual provisions for p rogression . F or exam ple, the changes in proportions
indicated at 5 y e a rs m ay include changes in provisions occurring between 3 and 5 y e a rs.
4 V acation provision s w ere virtually the sam e after longer periods of se r v ic e .

NOTE:




Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.

Table 30. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of production and office workers in wood household furniture, except upholstered, manufacturing establishments with
specified health, insurance, and pension plans, United States and selected regions, May—
June 1965)

Type of p la n 1

United
States 2

New
England

Middle
Atlantic

B order
States

South­
east

South­
w est

Great
Lakes

P acific

United
States 2

New
England

Middle
Atlantic

Production w orkers
A ll w o r k e r s— -------------------------------------------------W o rk ers in estab lish m en ts providing:
L ife in su r a n c e ----------------------------------------------------E m p loyer financed- ---------------------------------Jointly financed___
—
---------- — - __
A ccid en tal death and d ism em b erm en t
in suran ce—
------------------- — _____________ _
E m p loyer financed----— —
------------Jointly financed---------------------------------------- S ickn ess and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 3 —
_______
S ick n ess and accident in suran ce__ — ——
E m p loyer financed — ———_____ — -------Jointly fin a n c e d --------------------------------------Sick leave (full pay, no
waiting p eriod )— —
— — ____________
Sick leave (partial pay or
w aiting p eriod )--------------------- — ------------------H ospitalization in su ran ce — ___ *
E m p loye r financed
___________________ —
Jointly financed—------------------------------------------S u rgical in su ran ce______________________________
E m p loye r financed
___ —
— _____
Jointly financed- — ---------- -------M e d ical in su r a n c e _______________ '---------------------E m p loye r financed----------------------------------------Jointly financed—
--------- — ---------C atastrophe in suran ce--------------------------------------E m p loyer financed-------------- ---------------Jointly financed--------------------------------------------—
R etirem ent pension--------------------------------------------E m p loyer financed—
--------------------------Jointly financed---------------------------------------------No plans
—----- ------------ ---------- —

B order
States

South­
east

South­
w est

Great
Lakes

P acific

O ffice w
<jrk ers

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

89
42

47

77
38
40

92
64
28

94
13
81

95
37
57

68
37
31

91
57
34

67
62
5

86
36
50

83
24
59

73
47
26

87
11
76

96
32
64

72
36
36

90
51
39

65
54
11

60
33
27

75
38
37

67
52
15

41
8
33

59
26
33

27
24
3

79
51
28

56
52
5

58
28
30

81
24
57

44
32
12

46
6
40

58
24
34

27
24
3

77
43
34

53
42
11

66
64
29
35

67
67
32
35

70
70
53
16

91
91
21
70

61
58
18
40

48
48
26
22

73
72
47
26

31
20
20
-

67
59
25
34

80
76
21
56

61
54
41
13

92
81
20
61

59
50
16
34

51
48
24
24

81
74
39
36

24
12
12

1

-

1

-

27

10

2
91
41
51
91
40
51
55
28
27
23
10
13
34
30
3

-

88
60
28
88
58
30
40
36
4
7
7
29
29
-

94
23
71
94
23
71
44
8
36
7
5
2
60
56

(4 )
98
59
39
98
58
39
74
43
32
26
15
10
23
19

1
75
56
20
75
56
20
75
56
20
62
52
10
29
26
3
8

4

87
38
48
87
38
49
86
37
49
30
7
23
37
37
10

4

4

(4 )
3
93
28
65
93
28
65
49
20
30
27

6
21
27
22
5
3

-

(4 )

5

23

30

22

19

29

3

73
43
30
73
43
30
50
22
28
38
12
26
31
31
18

(4 )
97
64
33
96
64
33
68
46
22
19
15

12
85
60
25
85
60
25
85
60
25
52
40
12
57
57
5

1
88
38
51
88
38
51
61
26
35
34
14
20
37
32

93
30
62
93
30
62
92
29
62
49
9
40
42
42
5

73
45
29
73
44
29
27
24
4
9
9
31
28
3
14

85
22
63
85
22
63
50

2
94
26
68
94
26
68
62
20
42
49

80
43
37
80
43
37
55
20
35
41

4
22
17
5
2

6
5

6
44
8
7
1
54
46
7

11

11

39
43
32

31
37
37
_

11
3

4
1

1 Includes only those plans for which at least part o f the cost is borne by the em ployer and excludes le g a lly required plans such as w orkm en 's com pensation and so c ia l security.
2 Includes data for regions in addition to those shown separately.
3 Unduplicated total o f w ork ers receiving sick leave or sickn ess and accident insurance shown sep arately.
4 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
NOTE:

B ecau se o f rounding, sum s of individual item s may not equal totals.







Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey

Scope of Survey
The survey included establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood house­
hold furniture, except upholstered, commonly used in dwellings (SIC 2511 as defined in the
1957 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual and the 1963 Supplement, pre­
pared by the U .S. Bureau of the Budget). Manufacturers of wood kitchen cabinets on a factory
basis, and camp furniture were included.
Separate auxiliary units such as central offices
were excluded.
The establishments studied were selected from those employing 20 workers or more
at the time of reference of the data used in compiling the universe lists.
The number of establishments and workers actually studied by the Bureau, as well
as the number estimated to be in the industry during the payroll period studied are shown
in the following table.
Estimated Number of Establishments and Workers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied,
Wood Household Furniture (Except Upholstered) Industry, May—June 1965
Workers in establishments

Number of establishments 3
Region1 and area2

Studied

Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study

Studied

United States 5----------------------------------------------------------

1,005

New England-------------------------------------------------------------------Gardner, Mass------------------------------------------------------------Middle Atlantic--------------------------------------------------------------Jamestown, N .Y ---------------------------------------------------------Border States-------------------------------------------------------------------Louisville, Ky------------------------------------------------------------Martinsville, Va---------------------------------------------------------Southeast------------------------------------------------------------------------Hickory—Statesville, N. C -----------------------------------------Miami and Ft. Lauderdale—Hollywood, F la -----------------Winston-Salem—High Point, N. C --------------------------------Southwest----------------------------------------------------------------------Fort Smith, Ark----------------------------------------------------------Great Lakes--------------------------------------------------------------------Chicago, 111--------------------------------------------------------------Grand Rapids, Mich----------------------------------------------------Indiana----------------------------------------------------------------------Evansville, Ind. —Ky----------------------------------------------Pacific---------------------------------------------------------------------------Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif-----------------------------------

72
21
199
14
64
11
12
244
36
22
39
54
7
207
33
24
69
8
150
100

Total4

Production
workers

Office
workers

366

138,438

120,000

6,620

81,510

34
12
47
10
35
9
7
87
19
11
16
22
6
96
18
14
40
8
42
32

8,342
2,737
17, 294
1,527
19,026
2, 365
7, 470
51,405
13,610
1,083
8,719
8,070
2,301
24,122
2,124
2,188
11,376
1,414
9,420
4,899

7,211
2,311
14,611
1,267
16,697
2,032
6,810
45,553
12,010
870
7,679
7,035
2,063
20,588
1,799
1,798
9,894
1,237
7,660
3,835

472
170
910
111
1,022
131
265
2,049
623
38
406
342
104
1,295
88
128
535
49
497
267

5,760
2,317
7,248
1,216
13,896
2,329
5,592
28,703
9,961
685
5,450
5,594
2,103
15,803
1,683
1,749
8,864
1,414
4,335
2,401

Total

The regions used in this study include: New England— Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island,
and Vermont; Middle Atlantic— New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; Border States— Delaware, District of Columbia, Kentucky,
Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia; Southeast— Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and
Tennessee; Southwest— Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; Great Lakes— Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and
Wisconsin; and Pacific— California, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington. Regional data include areas in addition to those shown separately.
2 For definition of the respective areas, see footnote 1, tables 10—22.
3 Includes only establishments with 20 workers or more at the time of reference of the universe data.
Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the production and office worker categories shown separately.
5 Includes data for regions in addition to those shown separately. Alaska and Hawaii were not included in the study.

Method of Study
Data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists under the direction
of the Bureau's Assistant Regional Directors for Wages and Industrial Relations. The survey
was conducted on a sample basis.
To obtain appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a




53

54
greater proportion of large than of small establishments was studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments were given their appropriate weight.
All estimates are pre­
sented, therefore, as relating to all establishments in the industry, excluding only those
below the minimum size at the time of reference of the universe data.
Establishment Definition
An establishment, for purposes of this study, is defined as a single physical loca­
tion where industrial operations are performed. An establishment is not necessarily identical
with the company, which may consist of one or more establishments.
Employment
The estimates of the number of workers within the scope of the study are intended
as a general guide to the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The advance planning necessary to make a wage survey requires the use of lists of estab­
lishments assembled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied.
Production Workers
The term "production workers, " as used in this bulletin, includes working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative, executive,
professional, and technical personnel, and force-account construction employees, who were
utilized as a separate work force on the firm 's own properties, were excluded.
Office Workers
The term "office w ork ers," as used in this bulletin, includes all nonsupervisory office
employees and excludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical employees.
Occupations Selected for Study
Occupational classification was based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed
to take account of inter establishment and interarea variations in duties within the same job.
(See appendix B for these job descriptions.) The occupations were chosen for their numerical
importance, their usefulness in collective bargaining, or their representativeness of the
entire job scale in the industry.
Working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners,
trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers were not reported
in the data for selected occupations, but were included in the data for all production workers.
Wage Data
The wage information relates to average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Incentive
payments, such as those resulting from piecework or production bonus systems and c o st-o fliving bonuses were included as part of the workers' regular pay; but nonproduction bonus
payments, such as Christmas or yearend bonuses, were excluded.
Average hourly rates or earnings for each occupation or other group of workers,
such as men, women, or production workers were calculated by weighting each rate (or
hourly earnings) by the number of workers receiving the rate, totaling, and dividing by the
number of individuals.
The hourly earnings of salaried workers were obtained by dividing
their straight-time salary by normal rather than actual hours.

Size of Community
Tabulations by size of community pertain to metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas.
The term "metropolitan area, " as used in this bulletin, refers to the Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Areas as defined by the U .S . Bureau of the Budget in 1961.
Except in New England, a Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area is defined as a
county or group of contiguous counties which contains at least one city of 50, 000 inhabitants
or more.
Contiguous counties to the one containing such a city are included in a Standard




55
Metropolitan Statistical Area, if, according to certain criteria, they are essentially m et­
ropolitan in character and are socially and economically integrated with the central city.
In New England, where the city and town are administratively more important than the
county, they are the units used in defining Standard Metropolitan Statistical A reas.
Labor-Management Agreements
Separate wage data are presented, where possible, for establishments with (1) a
majority of the production workers covered by labor-management contracts, and (2) none
or a minority of the production workers covered by labor-management contracts.
Method of Wage Payment
Tabulations by method of wage payment relate to the number of workers paid under
the various time and incentive wage system s. Formal rate structures for tim e-rated workers
provide single rates or a range of rates for individual job categories.
In the absence of
a formal rate structure, pay rates are determined primarily with reference to the qualifi­
cations of the individual worker. A single rate structure is one in which the same rate is
paid to all experienced workers in the same job classification. Learners, apprentices, or
probationary workers may be paid according to rate schedules which start below the single
rate and permit the workers to achieve the full job rate over a period of time. Individual
experienced workers may occasionally be paid above or below the single rate for special
reasons, but such payments are regarded as exceptions. Range of rate plans are those in
which the minimum and/or maximum rates paid experienced workers for the same job are
specified. Specific rates of individual workers within the range may be determined by merit,
length of service, or a combination of various concepts of merit and length of service.
Incentive workers are classified under piecework or bonus plans.
Piecework is work for
which a predetermined rate is paid for each unit of output. Production bonuses are based
on production in excess of a quota or for completion of a job in less than standard time.
Scheduled Weekly Hours
Data on weekly hours refer to the predominant work schedule for full-tim e produc­
tion workers (or office workers) employed on the day shift.
Overtime Premium Pay
Provisions for overtime premium pay were considered as applying to all production
workers in an establishment if half or more of such workers were covered, and nonexistent
in an establishment if fewer than half were covered. Daily overtime refers to work in excess
of a specified number of hours a day, regardless of the number of hours worked on previous
days of the pay period. Weekly overtime refers to work in excess of a specified number of
hours per week, regardless of the day on which it is performed, the number of hours per
day, or number of days worked.
Shift Provisions and Practices
Shift provisions relate to the policies of establishments either currently operating
late shifts or having formal provisions covering late shift work. Practices relate to workers
employed on late shifts at the time of the survey.
Supplementary Wage Provisions
Supplementary benefits were treated statistically on the basis that if formal pro­
visions were applicable to half or more of the production workers (or office workers) in an
establishment, the benefits were considered applicable to all such workers.
Similarly, if
fewer than half of the workers were covered, the benefit was considered nonexistent in the
establishment. Because of length-of-service and other eligibility requirements, the proportion
of workers receiving the benefits may be smaller than estimated. Because of rounding, the
sums of individual items may not equal totals.
Paid Holidays.
provided annually.




Paid holiday provisions

relate to full-day and half-day holidays

56
Paid Vacations.
The summaries of vacation plans are limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted at the discretion of
the employer or the supervisor. Payments not on a time basis were converted; for example,
a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
The periods of service for which data are presented were selected as representative of the
most common practices, but they do not necessarily reflect individual establishment pro­
visions for progression.
For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 5 years of
service may include changes which occurred between 3 and 5 years.
Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans.
Data are presented for health, insurance,
and pension plans for which all or a part of the cost is borne by the employer, excluding
programs required by law, such as workmen's compensation and social security.
Among
the plans included are those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those paid
directly by the employer from his current operating funds or from a fund set aside for
this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident
insurance is limited to that type of insurance under which predetermined cash payments are
made directly,,to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the employer contributes at least a part
of the cost.
However, in New York and New Jersey, where temporary disability insurance
laws require employer contributions, 6 plans are included only if the employer (1) contributes
more than is legally required or (2) provides the employees with benefits which exceed the
requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans which provide full
pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work because of illness; informal
arrangements have been omitted.
Separate tabulations are provided according to (1) plans
which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans providing either partial pay or
a waiting period.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial payment of
doctor's fees.
Such plans may be underwritten by a commercial insurance company or a
nonprofit organization, or they may be self-insured.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended medical insurance, in­
cludes the plans designed to cover employees in case of sickness or injury involving an
expense which goes beyond the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgi­
cal plans.
ment,

6

Tabulations of retirement pensions are limited to plans which provide, on retire­
regular payments for the remainder of the worker's life.

The temporary disability insurance laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions
for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff
in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are
employed under a variety of payroll titles and different
work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area. This permits the grouping of oc­
cupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and inter area comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's
job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use
in individual establishments or those prepared for other
purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's
field economists are instructed to exclude working super­
visors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handi­
capped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

Plant Jobs
ASSEMBLER, CASE GOODS
(Case-clam p operator; case.Jframer)

•

Assem bles prefabricated wooden parts or subassemblies to form cases for such
articles as bookcases, chests, radio cabinets, vanities, etc. Work involves gluing, nailing,
or clamping the parts or subassemblies together* and checking the alinement of the case
with a wooden gage.
ASSEMBLER, CHAIRS
(Chairmaker)
Assem bles shaped and fitted wooden parts to form plain or semiupholstered chairs.
Work involves gluing, nailing, screwing, or clamping the parts together.
C U T-O FF -SAW OPERATOR
(Cut-off-saw operator, treadle operated; swinging cut-off-saw operator)
Operates a swinging or treadle-operated cut-off saw to cut wooden stock to desired
lengths; grades an d cuts stock to best advantage, eliminating knots and other defects.
GLUER, ROUGH STOCK
(Clam p-carrier operator; glue-clamp-machine operator; glue-press operator; glue-rack
operator; glue-wheel operator; glueman; revolving-press operator; rotary-clamp oper­
ator; squeezer operator)
Applies glue to edges or surfaces of wooden pieces to be joined,
clamps the glued boards into a press until the glue has set or hardened.
pare glue.

assembles and
May also pre­

MAINTENANCE MAN, GENERAL UTILITY
Keeps in repair the machines, mechanical equipment, and/or structure of an estab­
lishment (usually a small plant where specialization in maintenance work is impractical).
Duties involve the performance of operations, and the use of tools and equipment of several




57

58
MAINTENANCE MAN, GENERAL UTILITY— Continued
trades, rather than specialization in one trade or one type of maintenance work only. Work
involves a combination of the following: Planning and laying out of work relating to repair
of buildings, machines, mechanical and/or electrical equipment; repairing electrical and/or
mechanical equipment; installing, alining and balancing new equipment; and repairing build­
ings, floors or stairs as well as making and repairing bins, cribs, and partitions.
MOLDING-MACHINE OPERATOR
(Molder operator; molding maker, machine; wood-molding-machine operator)
Operates a machine that planes wooden boards or strips on all sides, and shapes
item to required cross section. For wage survey purposes, workers are classified as
follows;
Set up and operate
Feed only
OFF-BEARER, MACHINE
(Catcher; machine tailer; tailer)
Catches or receives wooden parts as they come off the discharge end of a machine;
and piles products or loads materials on conveyor or truck for transfer elsewhere.
PACKER, FURNITURE
(Crater)
Prepares furniture or furniture parts for shipment. Perform s most of the following:
Placing units in wooden crates or corrugated cardboard cartons; arranging packing material
around articles; sealing shipping containers with nails or tape; placing identifying marks
or labels on containers; nailing blocks or wooden strips in crates to prevent shifting of
articles; and building crates around very large pieces.
This classification does not include workers who make crates or crate parts but
do not prepare furniture for shipment, or who specialize in wrapping furniture parts for
shipment.
PLANER OPERATOR
(Facer operator; planer; surface operator; wood-planer operator)
Operates a single- or double-surface planer to level off irregularities and cut a
smooth surface on rough stock, reducing it to specified thickness. For wage survey pur­
poses, workers are classified as follows;
Set up and operate
Feed only
RIP-SAW OPERATOR
(Band-rip-saw operator; circular-rip-saw operator)
Operates a rip-sawing machine to cut lumber with the grain to specified widths,
feeding each piece into roller, and adjusting roller speed according to hardness of wood.
ROUTER OPERATOR
(Router; router, hand; router-machine operator)
Cuts and shapes various designs in wooden stock by machine. Work involves most
of the following: Clamps and tightens bit in chuck of machine; inserts guide pin in hole of




59
ROUTER OPERATOR— Continued
machine table; places groove of jig over pin and adjusts table for depth of cut and sets table
stops; and starts machine and feeds stock. For wage survey purposes, workers are cla ssi­
fied as follows:
Set up and operate
Feed only
RUBBER, FURNITURE
(Burnisher; polisher)
Rubs surface of furniture after each coat of dry finish such as stain, priming coat,
varnish, or lacquer has been applied, to smooth surfaces for successive coats. For wage
survey purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Rubber, furniture, hand
Rubber, furniture, machine
SANDER, FURNITURE, HAND
Smooths by hand the surfaces of wooden furniture parts before or after application
of finishing materials. Work involves using sand or emery paper, steel wool, etc.
SANDER, FURNITURE, MACHINE
Smooths and finishes the edges and surfaces of wooden furniture parts and sections
by machine. For wage survey purposes, workers are classified by type of machine used
as follows:
Belt
Other than belt
SHAPER OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC
(Sizer operator, automatic)
Operates a machine to form quantities of like, irregularly shaped wooden furniture
parts from roughly shaped blanks. For wage survey purposes, workers are classified as
follows:
Set up and operate. Selects and installs proper cutters on spindles; sets and locks
pattern in place; sets stops and clamps to hold blank properly in bed of machine; and
lays blank over pattern and starts machine.
Feed only.

Feeds stock into machine.

SHAPER OPERATOR, HAND
(Detail-shaper operator; frazer-m achine operator;
molder operator; wood-shaping operator)

shaping-machine operator; variety-

Operates a hand shaping machine to cut designs of irregular shape in the surface
of straight, curved, or irregular shaped pieces of wood by feeding stock against rotating
blocks, using template or free hand manipulation to produce shape desired. For wage sur­
vey purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Set up and operate
Feed only
SPRAYER
(Spray painter)
Applies paint, varnish, lacquer, enamel or other finishes to surfaces of manufac­
tured products, for protective or decorative purposes, with a spray gun.




60
TENONER OPERATOR
(Saw- and chuck-machine operator; double-tenoner-machine operator; single-end-tenoner
operator; tenon-machine operator)
units.

Operates a machine that cuts tenons on wooden parts for assembling into complete
For wage survey purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Set up and operate
Feed only

Office Jobs
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the pay­
roll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings based on time or production
records; posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's
name, working days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make
out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use
a calculating machine.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one person or more, either in shorthand or
by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe
dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep
simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a
stenographic pool. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
STENOGRAPHER. SENIOR 7
Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one person or more, either in shorthand or
by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such
as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and r e ­
sponsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following:
Work requires high
degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general
business and office procedure, and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions;
reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that the secretary normally works in a confidential relationship to only
one manager or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks .




Industry Wage Studies
The m ost recent reports for industries included in the Bureau^ program,
of industry wage surveys since January 1950 are listed below. Those for which
a price is shown are available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Govern­
ment Printing Office, Washington, D .C ., 20402, or any of its regional sales
offices. Those for which a price is not shown may be obtained free as long as
a supply is available, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D .C .,
20212, or from any of the regional offices shown on the inside back cover.

I. Occupational W age Studies
Manufacturing
Basic Iron and Steel, 1962. BLS Bulletin 1358 (30 cents).
Candy and Other Confectionery Products, I960. BLS Report 195.
^Canning and Freezing, 1957. BLS Report 136.
Cigar Manufacturing, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1436 (30 cents).
Cigarette Manufacturing, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1472 (20 cents).
Cotton Textiles, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1410 (40 cents).
Distilled Liquors, 1952. Series 2, No. 88.
Fabricated Structural Steel, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1463 (30 cents).
Fertilizer Manufacturing, 1962. BLS Bulletin 1362 (40 cents).
Flour and Other Grain M ill Products, 1961. BLS Bulletin 1337 (30 cents).
Fluid Milk Industry, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1464 (30 cents).
Footwear, 1962. BLS Bulletin 1360 (45 cents).
Hosiery, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1456 (45 cents).
Industrial Chem icals, 1955. BLS Report 103.
Iron and Steel Foundries, 1962. BLS Bulletin 1386 (40 cents).
Leather Tanning and Finishing, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1378 (40 cents).
Machinery Manufacturing, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1476 (25 cents).
Meat Products, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1415 (75 cents).
Men*s and Boys’ Shirts (Except Work Shirts) and Nightwear, 1964.
BLS Bulletin 1457 (40 cents).
Men’ s and B oys’ Suits and Coats, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1424 (65 cents).
Miscellaneous Plastics Products, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1439 (35 cents).
Miscellaneous Textiles, 1953. BLS Report 56.
Motor Vehicles and Mptor Vehicle Parts, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1393 (45 cents).
Nonferrous Foundries, 1960. BLS Report 180.
Paints and Varnishes, 1961. BLS Bulletin 1318 (30 cents).
Paperboard Containers and Boxes, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1478 (70 cents).
Petroleum Refining, 1959. BLS Report 158.
Pressed or Blown Class and Glassw are, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1423 (30 cents).
^Processed W aste, 1957. BLS Report 124.
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard M ills, 1962. BLS Bulletin 1341 (40 cents).
Radio, Television, and Related Products, 1951. Series 2, No. 84.
Railroad Cars, 1952. Series 2, No. 86.
*Raw Sugar, 1957. BLS Report 136.
Southern Sawmills and Planing M ills, 196*2. BLS Bulletin 1361 (30 cents).
Structural Clay Products, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1459 (45 cents).
Synthetic F ibers, 1958. BLS Report 143.
Synthetic Textiles, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1414 (35 cents).
Textile Dyeing and Finishing, 1961. BLS Bulletin 1311 (35 cents).
^Tobacco Stemming and Redrying, 1957. BLS Report 136.
^Studies of the effects of the $1 minimum wage.




I. Occupational W age Studies— Continued
Manufacturing— Continued
W est Coast Sawmilling, 1964, BLS Bulletin 1455 (30 cents).
Women*s and M isses* Coats and Suits, 1962. BLS Bulletin 1371 (25 cents).
Women*s and Misses* D re sse s, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1391 (30 cents).
Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered, 1962. BLS Bulletin 1369
(40 cents).
^Wooden Containers, 1957. BLS Report 126.
Wool Textiles, 1962. BLS Bulletin 1372 (45 cents).
Work Clothing, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1440 (35 cents).
Nonmanufacturing
Auto Dealer Repair Shops, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1452 (30 cents).
Banking, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1466 (30 cents).
Bituminous Coal Mining, 1962. BLS Bulletin 1383 (45 cents).
Communications, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1467 (20 cents).
Contract Cleaning Services, 1961. BLS Bulletin 1327 (25 cents).
Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas Production, I960. BLS Report 181.
Department and W om en s R eady-to-W ear Stores, 1950. Series 2, No. 78.
Eating and Drinking P laces, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1400 (40 cents).
Electric and Gas Utilities, 1962. BLS Bulletin 1374 (50 cents).
Hospitals, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1409 (50 cents).
Hotels and M otels, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1406 (40 cents).
Laundries and Cleaning Services, 1963. BLS Bulletin 1401 (50 cents).
Life Insurance, 1961. BLS Bulletin 1324 (30 cents).
Nursing Homes and Related F acilities, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1492 (45 cents).

II. Other Industry W age Studies
Factory Workers* Earnings— Distribution by Straight-Time Hourly Earnings,
1958. BLS Bulletin 1252 (40 cents).
Factory Workers* Earnings— Selected Manufacturing Industries, 1959.
BLS Bulletin 1275 (35 cents).
Retail Trade: #
Employee Earnings in Retail Trade, June 1962 (Overall Summary of the
Industry). BLS Bulletin 1380 (45 cents).
Employee Earnings at Retail Building M aterials, Hardware, and Farm
Equipment D ealers, June 1962. BLS Bulletin 1380-1 (25 cents).
Employee Earnings in Retail General Merchandise Stores, June 1962.
BLS Bulletin 1380-2 (45 cents).
Employee Earnings in Retail Food Stores, June 1962. BLS Bulletin 1380-3
(40 cents).
Employee Earnings at Retail Automotive Dealers and in Gasoline Service
Stations, June 1962. BLS Bulletin 1380-4 (40 cents).
Employee Earnings in Retail Apparel and A ccessory Stores, June 1962.
BLS Bulletin 1380-5 (45 cents).
Employee Earnings in Retail Furniture, Home Furnishings, and Household
Appliance Stores, June 1962. BLS Bulletin 1380-6 (40 cents).
Employee Earnings in Miscellaneous Retail Stores, June 1962.
BLS Bulletin 1380-7 (40 cents).
Employee Earnings in Nonmetropolitan Areas of the South and North Central
Regions, 1962. BLS Bulletin 1416 (40 cents).

*Studies of the effects of the $1 m inim um wage.




* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1966 0 - 2 1 8 - 6 4 0




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES