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Industry
Wage Survey

West Coast
Sawmilling and
Logging,
October 1969
Bulletin 1704
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

1971




D iv e rt & Montgomery Co.
publie Library
JU 129W 1

Industry
Wage Survey

West Coast
Sawmilling and
Logging,
October 1969
Bulletin 1704
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

1971

F o r s a l e by th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s ,




U. S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D. C.

Stock Number 2901-0655

20402

- P r i c e 4a c e n t s




Preface
This bulletin summarizes the results of a Bureau of Labor Statistics survey of wages
and related benefits in West Coast sawmilling and logging operations in October 1969.
A similar survey was conducted in 1964.
The study was conducted in the Bureau’s Office of Wages and Industrial Relations.
The analysis in this bulletin was prepared by Robert L. Orr of the Bureau’s San Francisco
regional office. Field work for the survey was directed by the Assistant Regional Director
for Operations.
Other reports available from the Bureau’s industry wage survey program, as well as
the addresses of the Bureau’s regional offices, are listed at the end of this bulletin.




in




Contents
Page
Summary .....................................................................................................................................................................
Industry characteristics................................................................................................................................................
Occupational earnings ................................................................................................................................................
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions ................................................................................
Minimum entrance and job rates ..........................................................................................................................
Scheduled weekly hours and shift practices ........................................................................................................
Paid holidays ...........................................................................................................................................................
Paid vacations .........................................................................................................................................................
Health, insurance, and retirement plans ...............................................................................................................
Jury duty leav e.........................................................................................................................................................

1
1
2
3
3
3
4
4
4
4

Tables:
Occupational earnings:
1. By region .............................................................................................................................................................

5

Occupational averages:
2. By method of wage payment ............................................................................................................................
3. By type of saw m ill..............................................................................................................................................
4. By size of establishment ...................................................................................................................................
5. By labor-management contract coverage...........................................................................................................

11
12
13
16

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
6. Method of wage payment .................................................................................................................................
7. Minimum entrance and job rates:Cleanup men ................................................................................................
8. Scheduled weekly hours ...................................................................................................................................
9. Shift-differential p ractices..................................................................................................................................
10. Paid holidays ...................................................................................................................
11. Paid vacations ....................................................................................................
12. Health, insurance, and retirement plans ...........................................................................................................

18
18
19
19
19
20
21

Appendixes:
A. Scope and method of survey ............................................................................................................................
B. Occupational descriptions .................................................................................................................................

23
27




v




Industry Wage Survey----

West Coast Sawmills and Logging, October 1969

(1) general sawmills and planing mills, or (2) logging
camps and logging contractors, according to the 1967
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, prepared by
the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.5 The
October 1969 survey differed from a June 1964 in­
dustry wage survey, which did not include separate
logging camps and logging contractors.6
Establishments covered by the survey employed
71,156 production and related workers in October
1969— 49,632 in sawmilling operations and 21,524
in logging. Approximately one-fourth of the logging
workers covered by the survey were in logging opera­
tions integrated with sawmills. These workers were
combined in the survey, with workers employed by
independent logging contractors and logging camps.
The West Coast, for purposes of the survey was
divided into four regions: Douglas Fir, Northern and
Southern Districts of Western Pine, and Redwood.
Although designated according to major species of
tree, the regions were defined geographically. (See
appendix table A-l.) Thus, more than one species of
tree may be found within a region.7 Nearly half the
workers covered by the survey were employed in the
Douglas Fir region; a tenth were in the Redwood re­
gion; and the remainder were about equally distrib­
uted between the Northern and Southern Districts of

Summary
Straight-time average hourly earnings varied con­
siderably among the occupations included in an Octo­
ber 1969 Bureau of Labor Statistics survey of West
Coast sawmilling and logging operations.1 Averages
for sawmilling jobs ranged from $2.94 an hour for
watchmen-guards to $4.91 for benchwork saw filers.
Green lumber sorters, numerically the most important
job studied, averaged $3.30. In logging, averages
ranged from $3.55 for chokermen to $5.95 for fallers and buckers, numerically the largest logging occu­
pation surveyed.2
Occupational earnings varied by location, size of
establishment, and labor-management contract cov­
erage. When comparisons were possible, workers
paid on an incentive basis had higher average earn­
ings than time-rated workers in the same job.
A large majority of the workers were in establish­
ments providing paid holidays, usually 7 days a year,
and paid vacations. Typical provisions for paid vaca­
tions were 1 week of pay after 1 year of service,
2 weeks after 3 years, and at least 3 weeks after 10
years. Various types of health, insurance, and retire­
ment benefits were also widespread in West Coast
sawmilling and logging establishments.
Industry characteristics
The five States (California, Idaho, Montana, Ore­
gon, and Washington) covered by the Bureau’s survey
of West Coast sawmilling and logging operations ac­
counted for 55 percent of the 37.9 billion board feet
of lumber produced in the United States in 1969.3
On the other hand, they accounted for only twofifths of the 265,000 workers in the Nation’s saw­
mills and logging camps.4 The greater output of
lumber in West Coast States, compared with other
sections of the country, partly results from the availa­
bility of large trees. West Coast lumber if produced
primarily from three species of trees— Douglas fir,
western pine, and redwood.
The Bureau’s October 1969 survey covered estab­
lishments having 20 workers or more and classified as




See appendix A for scope and method o f survey. Earn­
ings data presented in this bulletin exclude premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 See appendix B for descriptions o f occupations studied.
Current Industrial Reports, Lumber Production and Mill
Stocks, 1969, U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the
Census.
4
Based on estimates from the Bureau’s monthly employ­
ment and earnings series.
5 Establishments having fewer than 20 workers are esti­
mated to account for less than one-tenth o f the employment
in general sawmills and planing mills in the five West Coast
States; the corresponding proportion for logging camps and
logging contractors was two-fifths.
See Industry Wage Survey: West Coast Sawmilling, June
1964, BLS Bulletin 1455.
7
Redwood, for example, is the principal species found
along the northern California coast, but Douglas fir lumber
is also extensively produced in this region.

1

The extent of collective bargaining agreement cov­
erage was greater for logging workers in camps owned
and operated by sawmills (nearly three-fourths) than
for workers employed by independent logging contrac­
tors and logging camps (about one-half). The major
unions in West Coast sawmilling and logging opera­
tions were the International Woodworkers of America
(IWA) and the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners of America (CJA).
Nearly all production workers in sawmills, and
seven-eighths of those in logging operations, were paid
on a time-rate basis, usually under formal systems that
provided single rates for specified occupations. (See
table 6.) The proportions of logging workers paid on
an incentive basis— typically individual or group
piece rates— ranged from less than 5 percent in the
Douglas Fir region to approximately two-fifths in the
Northern District of the Western Pine. Jobs in which
a substantial proportion of the workers were paid on
an incentive basis included: Kiln drying lumber pilers
(one-fourth), car and truck loaders (one-third), air
drying lumber pilers (two-fifths), and fallers and
buckers (nearly one-half). Proportions of fallers and
buckers paid on incentive wage systems, usually on
the basis of board feet of lumber cut, amounted to
one-sixth in the Douglas Fir region, compared with
seven-tenths in the Southern District of Western Pine
and nine-tenths or more in the Northern District and
the Redwood region.

Western Pine. The distribution of sawmill and logging
workers varied among the regions. The Douglas Fir
region, for example, accounted for two-fifths of the
sawmill workers and nearly two-thirds of the logging
workers covered by the survey, whereas proportions
were one-fourth and one-sixth, respectively, in the
Northern District of the Western Pine.
Establishments covered by the survey varied sub­
stantially in terms of employment-size, they ranged from
20 workers to as many as 1,000 employees. Establish­
ments having fewer than 100 employees accounted for
two-thirds of the sawmills within scope of the survey,
but for only one-third of the production workers in
sawmills; corresponding proportions were four-fifths
and two-fifths for logging operations. As indicated
in the following tabulation, the average number of pro­
duction workers in sawmills was nearly double the av­
erage for logging operations, and within the two groups
of establishments, the averages varied by region.
Average number of production
and related workers
Sawmills
West Coast...............................
Douglas F ir ........................
Western Pine:
Northern D istrict.........
Southern D istrict.........
R edw o od..........................

Logging

91
93

59
67

82
93
100

43
55
61

Establishments with collective bargaining agree­
ments covering a majority of their production workers
made up nearly three-fifths of the work force in saw­
mills and a similar proportion of the workers in log­
ging operations. Proportions of workers in establish­
ments with collective bargaining agreement coverage
were greater in the Douglas Fir and Southern District
of the Western Pine region, than in the other two
regions:

Occupational earnings
The occupations selected for separate study ac­
counted for three-fifths of the work force in estab­
lishments covered by the survey. They were chosen
to represent various activities performed by production
and related workers in West Coast sawmilling and log­
ging operations.
Among the sawmill jobs studied, average straighttime hourly earnings ranged from $2.94 for watchmen-guards to $4.91 for benchwork saw filers. (See
table 1.) Other jobs with averages of more than $4
an hour were band-head-saw operators, $4.83 on
riderless carriage saws and $4.77 on conventional
saws; circular-head-saw operators, $4.48; and electri­
cians ($4.23), machinists ($4.13), and mechanics
($4.05)— all maintenance. Green lumber pullers and
sorters, numerically most important of the sawmilling
occupations surveyed, averaged $3.30 an hour com­
pared with $3.47 for those on dry lumber and $3.18
for those on planed lumber.

Percent of production and related
workers in mills with collective
bargaining agreements_____
Sawmills
West Coast....................
Douglas F ir .............
Western Pine:
Northern District
Southern District
R edw ood...............




Logging

55-59
60-64

55-59
65-69

45-49
60-64
25-29

20-24
60-64
35-39

2

Fallers and buckers, highest-paid and the numeri­
cally largest logging job surveyed, averaged $5.95 an
hour.8 Averages for other logging occupations ranged
from $3.55 for chokermen to $5.12 for high lead
hook tenders.
Among jobs permitting comparison in each of the
four regions, occupational averages were nearly always
lowest in the Northern District of the Western Pine.
Highest averages, on the other hand, were about
equally distributed among the three remaining regions.
Interregional differences in average earnings varied by
occupation. Band-head-saw operators (riderless car­
riage) in the Southern District of the Western Pine
region, for example, averaged 11 percent more than
their counterparts in the Northern District, whereas
the spread was 24 percent for green lumber pullers
and sorters and 26 percent for fallers and buckers.
Workers paid on an incentive basis had higher
average earnings than time-rated workers in the same
job, among the few occupations permitting compari­
sons. (See table 2.) Differences in averages varied
by occupation and region. To illustrate, the average
wage advantage for incentive workers in the Douglas
Fir region amounted to 53 percent for kiln-drying
lumber stackers and 41 percent for fallers and buckers,
compared with differences of 23 and 76 percent, re­
spectively, in the Redwood region.
Occupational averages also were tabulated for inde­
pendent and integrated sawmills— those which own
and operate logging camps by size of establishment,
and by the establishment’s labor-management contract
status. (See tables 3, 4, and 5.) It is not possible in
a survey such as this to isolate and measure the exact
influence of any one characteristic as a determinant
of earnings levels because of their interrelationships;
for example, the average employment size of sawmills
with labor-management contracts was 143 workers
compared with 63 workers in nonunion sawmills; a
similar pattern was found for logging operations where
the averages were 99 and 39 workers, respectively.
Earnings of individuals varied considerably within
the same job and region. (See table 1.) Differences
in earnings between the highest and lowest paid
workers in a given job and region exceeded $1 an
hour. Thus, some workers in jobs with relatively low
averages earned as much or more than workers in
jobs for which substantially higher averages were re­
corded. The following tabulation illustrates the over­
lap in earnings for just two jobs, truckdrivers (logging)
and fallers and buckers in the Doublas Fir region,
despite a $1.77 an hour difference in the averages for
the two jobs.




Truckdrivers,
logging

Fallers
and buckers

Average hourly earnings . . . . . .

$3.82

$5.59

Total w o rk e rs ............ . . .

2,119

1,878

222
224
1,124
489
28
20
12

40
38
63
1,023
362
51
301

Number of workers earning—
Under $ 3 .2 0 ....................
$3.20 and under $3.60 .
$3.60 and under $4.00 . . . .
$4.00 and under $4.40 .
$4.40 and under $4.80 .
$4.80 and under $5.20 .
$5.20 and under $5.60 .
$5.60 and under $6.00 . . . .
$6.00 and over .............. . . .

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions
Data also were obtained on the incidence of se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary wage
benefits for production workers in sawmills and log­
ging. Estimates of the incidence of practices and
provisions for logging workers in this bulletin are not
comparable with those for the June 1964 survey,
which did not cover independent logging contractors
and logging camps.
Minimum entrance and job rates. Formally estab­
lished minimum entrance and job rates for cleanup
men, selected to represent an unskilled entry job,
were reported by all but 14 of the 143 sawmills
visited during the survey. (See table 7.) Minimum
entrance rates were the same as minimum job rates
in each of the 129 sawmills with formal provisions.
Rates were usually within a range of $3 to $3.30 an
hour in all regions, except the Northern District of the
Western Pine. In that district, rates of less than $3
typically were reported.
Scheduled weekly hours and shift practices. Work
schedules of 40 hours a week were in effect in es­
tablishments employing more than nearly all of the
production workers in sawmills and logging operations.
(See table 8.)
Approximately one-fourth of the workers in saw­
mills were employed on late shifts at the time of the
survey. The proportions of workers on late shifts,
nearly always second shifts, ranged from three-tenths
in the Northern District of Western Pine to two-tenths
in the Douglas Fir region. (See table 9.) Almost all
8
Payments for saw rentals made to fallers and buckers
were excluded from the earnings data developed by the sur­
vey. Most logging establishments had provisions for saw
rental payments, usually based on the number o f board feet
cut or on an hourly basis.

3

workers on late shifts receive a pay differential over
day-shift rates, most commonly 9 or 10 cents an
hour.
Paid holidays. Paid holidays were provided by es­
tablishments employing nine-tenths of the production
workers in sawmills and planing mills and seven-tenths
of the logging workers. (See table 10.) Provisions
for 7 paid holidays a year applied to a majority of
the workers in all regions, with the exception of log­
ging workers in the Northern District of the Western
Pine region. Only about half of these workers were
provided paid holidays, most commonly 6 or 7 days
a year.
Paid vacations. Paid vacations, after qualifying
periods of service, were provided to more than ninetenths of the workers in sawmills and planing mills
and to four-fifths of the logging workers. (See
table 11.) Typical provisions for paid vacations were
1 week of vacation pay after 1 year of service, 2
weeks after 3 years, and at least 3 weeks after 10
years. Provisions for 4 and 5 weeks of paid vacation
were more prevalent for logging workers than for
workers in sawmills and planing mills.
Health, insurance, and retirement plans. Life, acci­
dental death and dismemberment, hospitalization, sur­




4

gical, and medical insurance— for which employers
paid at least part of the cost— was provided by es­
tablishments employing nine-tenths or more of the
workers in sawmills and planing mills. (See table 12.)
Major medical insurance applied to nearly three-fifths
of the workers and sickness and accident insurance
to a slightly smaller proportion. Within each region,
the incidence of the health and insurance benefits
was usually greater for workers in sawmills and plan­
ing mills than for logging workers.
Retirement pension benefits (other than Federal
social security) were provided to seven-tenths of the
sawmill and logging workers. Such benefits were less
prevalent in the Northern District of the Western
Pine region than in other regions.
Jury duty leave. The percent of workers in es­
tablishments with formal provisions for full or partial
pay while serving on a jury is shown in the following
tabulation:
West
Coast
Sawmills and
planing mills. . .
Logging............. .

Douglas
Fir

68
73

61
64

Western Pine
North­ South­
ern
ern

82
95

60
68

Red­
wood

76
80

Table 1. Occupational earnings: By region

se le c te d p rod u ction o c c u p a tio n s in W est C o a st sa w m ills and lo g g in g e sta b lish m e n ts by r e g io n , O ctob er 1969)

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s

O c c u p a t io n and r e g i o n

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly earni:n gs ofN um ­ Averber
age
h o u r ly U n d e r $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 6 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 0 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5 .4 0 $ 5 .6 0 $ 5 .8 0 $ 6 . 0 0
of
and
w o r k ­ e a r n ­ $ 2 .5 0 u n d e r
and
ers
in gs
$ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 .0 0 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5 . 4 0 $ 5 .6 0 $ 5 .8 0 $ 6 . 0 0 o v e r

S a w m i l l s and p la n n in g m i l l s
46 $4. 77
B a n d - h e a d - s a w o p e r a t o r s , c o n v e n t i o n a l 2 -----24 4. 85
D o u g l a s F i r ----------------------------------------------------B and-head-saw operators, rid erless
c ar r i a g e _____________________________________________
778 4. 83
D o u g l a s F i r ___________________________________
253 4. 98
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------------------2 20
4. 56
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------------------209 5. 04
R e d w o o d _______________________________________
96 4. 57
566 3. 47
B a r k e r o p e r a t o r s ________________________ ________
D o u g l a s F i r ________________________ ________
255 3. 53
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------------------149 3. 23
112
3. 55
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------------------R e d w o o d __________________ __ ______________
50 3. 76
B l o c k s e t t e r s 2 _______________________________________
41 3. 63
D o u g l a s F i r ___________________________________
29 3. 67
C a r r i e r d r i v e r s -------------------------------------------------------- 1, 045 3. 37
500 3. 45
D o u g l a s F i r ________________________ ________
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
229 3. 13
228 3. 43
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------------------R e d w o o d ----------------------------------------------------------88
3 .3 9
592 3. 17
C h ip p e r f e e d e r s - l o g t e n d e r s _____________________
D o u g l a s F i r ________________________ ________
297 3 .2 6
W e s t e r n P in e :
115 2 .9 3
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t --------------------- -----------3 C 17
120
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------------------60 3 . 2 4
R e d w o o d _______________________________________
C ircu la r-h ea d -sa w operators,
75 4 . 4 8
r i d e r l e s s c a r r i a g e 2 ---------------------------------------------54 4. 89
D o u g l a s F i r ----------------------------------------------------W e s t e r n P in e :
21
3 .4 2
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
C l e a n u p m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------- 1, 393 3 .0 6
602
3. 12
D o u g l a s F i r ----------------------------------------------------W e s t e r n P in e :
2. 84
216
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------------------347 3. 06
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------------------R e d w o o d --------------------------------------------------- ----228 3. 11
265 3. 33
C u t o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------ -----------3. 44
101
D o u g l a s F i r _____ ___________________-_______
W e s t e r n P in e :
72 2. 90
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
41 3. 47
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------------------51 3. 58
R e d w o o d _______________________________________
983 3. 70
E d g e r m e n ____________________________________________
375 3. 80
D o u g l a s F i r ----------------------------------------------------W e s t e r n P in e :
278 3. 42
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------------------226 3. 85
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------------------104 3. 80
R e d w o o d ______________________________________
426 4. 23
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e _______________________
148 4. 34
D o u g l a s F i r ----------------------------------------------------W e s t e r n P in e :
95 4. 06
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
131 •4. 29
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------------------52 4. 06
R e d w o o d ____________________________ ________

S ee fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .



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3

28
17

15
3

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

43
17

23
15

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

7

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

11

247
69

192

82
71
25
14
-

15
76
40
18
3

47
22
29
-

277

6
8

7
2

15
8
6

100

12

61

6

8

125
48

49

8

-

61

12

110

43
24

14
4

1

"

Table 1. Occupational earnings: By region---- Continued
( N u m b e r a nd a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s

O c c u p a t io n and r e g i o n

S a w m i l l s and p l a n i n g m i l l s — C o n ti n u e d
E nd l ift t r u c k o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------ 1, 402 $3. 42
505 3. 47
W e s t e r n P in e :
328 3. 24
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t _________________________
379 3. 46
190 3. 48
R e d w o o d _______________________________________
166 3. 78
E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y --------------------------------------------D o u g l a s F i r __________________ _______________
59 4 . 0 1
W e s t e r n P in e :
60 3. 53
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
34 3. 77
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
13 3. 89
R e d w o o d _______________________________________
524 3. 27
F i r e m e n , s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r _______________________
168 3. 37
D o u g l a s F i r -------- -----------------------------------------W e s t e r n P in e :
148 3. 07
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t --------------------- ------------R e d w o o d _______________________________________
G r a d e r s , g r e e n c h a i n -------------------------------- ----------D o u g la s F i r -----------------------------------------------------W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t _______________ ___ __
R e d w o o d _______________________________________
G r a d e r s , p l a n e d l u m b e r ------------------------ — ----D o u g la s F i r ___________________________________
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t _________________________
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t --------------------- ------------R e d w o o d _______________________________________
G r a d e r s , r o u g h d r y l u m b e r _______________________
D o u g l a s F i r -----------------------------------------------------W e s t e r n P in e :




_

.

_

_

23

46

56
7

-

-

-

-

23
-

46
-

37
5
-

106
50
17
-

219
108
28
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
-

14

6

12

22

5
143

-

-

-

6

12

22

_

-

-

-

15
510
228

3. 40
3. 70
3 .6 8

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

58
90
134
729
243

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

31
89
77
94
98

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

187
89
231
53

3.
4.
3.
3.
3.

53
26
94
99
90

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

24
124
30
327
140

3 .3 1
4, 18
3. 91
3 .9 7
4. 08

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

3. 74
4 . 30
3. 57
3 .9 2

-

-

-

9
-

-

-

3. 39
3. 42
4. 08
3. 65
3 .6 9

-

-

18
-

3
25
-

-

-

60

20

3.
3.
4.
3.
3.

40
74
10
27
35

-

-

18
-

25
-

60
_

5

-

5

-

6

3. 00
3. 16
3° 42

-

-

5

5

6

21 0

S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
R e d w o o d --------------------- -------------------- ----------G r a d e r s , s h i p p i n g 2 -------------------------------------------------D o u g l a s F i r -----------------------------------------------------W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t _________________________
139
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t _________________________
47
K iln o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------------------------------271
80
D o u g l a s F i r -----------------------------------------------------W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ---------------------- ------------88
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ---------------------- ------------97
6
R e d w o o d 2 _______ ___________________________
L o a d e r s , c a r and t r u c k _________________ ________ 1, 312
D o u g l a s F i r --------------- ----------------------------------409
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ---------------------- ------------4 15
3 74
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t -------- ---------- ------------114
R e d w o o d _________ ___________________________
275
L o g , d e c k m e n ____________ __________________________
132
D o u g l a s F i r ___________________________________
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ---------------------- ------------44
59
40
R e d w o o d _________ ____________________________

S ee fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .

se le c te d p rod u ction o ccu p a tio n s in W est C oast sa w m ills and lo g g in g e sta b lish m e n ts by r e g io n , O ctob er 1969)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of
Num ­ Averber
age
of
h o u r ly U n d e r $ 2 .50 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 0 0 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5 . 4 0 $ 5 . 6 0 $ 5 .8 0 ' $ 6 . 0 0
and
w o r k ­ e a r n ­ $ 2 .5 0 under
and
ers
ings
$ 2 .60 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 6 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 0 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5 .4 0 $ 5 .6 0 $ 5 . 8 0 $ 6 . 0 0 o v e r

6

-

-

8

-

8

12

106
94

8

56
38

13
44

18
27

2

11

42
-

16
4

12

-

-

i

2

677
340
10

12
2

77
39
21

12

16

10
11

20

79

_

8

-

23

10

2

21

-

_

11

4

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4
4
-

3
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
97
7

_
40
35

_
29
15

_
19
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

5
75
27

4
97
18

15
4
82
-

41
27

9
9

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

9
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
11

-

-

3
3

-

-

31

-

18
4

-

-

14

1
8
2

18

8

48
18

63
30

6

6

-

6

10

6
10

-

-

-

1

21
12

-

4
3

29
137
27

2
8
6

-

16

34
69
37

32
9

-

30

123
73

-

-

21

4
38
3
107
46

12

-

6

5
23
7

7

-

17
39

94
49

20

-

32
24

8

4

2

30
58
145
82.
30

10

32
-

26
6

20

120

50
24
56
14

-

17
22
3

-

88

19

24
45
301
116
106
68
11

130
74

11
22

23

3

6

12

69
13
17
-

11

10
11

31
3
70
35

46
4
35
15

17
63
42

20
22
12

21

-

66

52

21

11

5
5
3

3
7
13
4

40

29
6
2

-

2

6

4
-

64
4

66
12

-

6
2
1

4

32
28
-

9
45
-

17
-

-

4

-

-

-

66

-

22

43

1

3

i_______!

10

2

74
5

30
13
3

10

-

61
11

47
24

32
46
5
57
44

11

8

65
20

11

19
7
32
24

2

46

6

21

24
138
55

11

27
27

12

19

2

37

19
24
13

12

12
-

20

31
14

-

-

220

6

334
140

12

190

84
45

12

-

441
95

6

-

6

9
15
-

- 1

20

1

-

-

6

-

-

_ L

4
-

j

2

-

-

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

Table 1. Occupational earnings: By region---- Continued

(N u m b er and a v e r a g e str a ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea r n in g s 1 of w o rk ers in s e le c te d p rod u ction o c cu p a tio n s in W est C oast s a w m ills and log g in g e sta b lish m e n ts by r e g io n , O ctob er 1969)
Num- Aver-

O c c u p a t i o n and r e g i o n

N u m b e r o>f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i ng s tr a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ofo f h o u r ly U n d e r $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 . 0 0 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5 .4 0 $ 5 .6 0 $ 5 .8 0 $ 6 .0 0
w ork- earn - $2.50 under
and
ci s
$ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 6 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 0 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5 . 4 0 $ 5 .6 0 $ 5 .8 0 $ 6 .0 0 o v e r

S a w m i l l s and p l a n i n g m i l l s — C o n tin u e d
L o g h a n d li n g e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t o r s 3
......
704 $ 3.77
D o u g l a s F i r ___________________________________
254 3.95
W e ste r n Pine:
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
243 3.4 2
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ____________ __________
170 3.99
R e d w o o d _______________________________________
37 3.8 3
U n d e r 15 t o n s ____________________________________
94 3.61
D o u g l a s F i r __
_ . ...._ ... .
56 3.8 3
W e ste r n Pine:
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
26 3 .1 5
15 to 50 t o n s ______________________________________
4 25 3 .77
D o u g l a s F i r ___________________________________
162 3 .93
W e ste r n Pine:
N orthern d istrict
_
..
..
113 3.2 9
Southern d is t r ic t - _
. _ ............
136 3 .9 6
R e d w o o d _______________________________________
14 3.9 9
50 to n s and o v e r
._ _
141 3 .74
D o u g la s F ir
_ _
......
16 3.8 7
W e ste r n Pine:
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
102 3 .6 2
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
19 4 .2 0
L u m b e r p i l e r s , a i r d r y in g o r
sto raa e 2
.. ... .... .
232 3 .70
D o u g l a s F i r __
...............
78 3 .42
W e ste r n Pine:
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t __________ __________
84 4 .2 3
R e d w o o d _ .....
..................
...
36 3.8 5
L u m b e r p i l e r s . k iln d r y i n g . . ...
.
565 3 .68
D o u g l a s F i r ___________________________________
224 3.9 7
W e ste r n Pine:
N orthern d istrict
._ ._ _ .....
237 3.29
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
66 3.90
R e d w o o d __ __
... ..... ...........
38 3.9 4
M a c h in ists, m ain ten an ce
278 4 .1 3
D o u g l a s F i r ___________________________________
115 4 .2 6
W e ste r n Pine:
N orthern d istrict
__
. ....
42 3.79
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
83 4 .2 3
R e d w o o d __________ _ ....................................
38 3.8 7
M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ____________________________
4 73 3.9 2
D o u g l a s F i r ___________________________________
127 3.9 9
W e ste r n Pine:
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
163 3.7 4
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
134 4 .1 2
R e d w o o d _______________________________________
49 3.8 5
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____________ __ ________ 1 ,5 8 6 4 .0 5
D o u g l a s F i r __
723 4 .1 3
W e ste r n Pine:
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________ ________
281 3 .73
Southern d istr ic t
_ ...... .
389 4 .2 0
R e d w o o d ----------------------------------------------------------193 3 .96
O f f - b e a r e r s , h e a d r i g _____________________________
721 3.25
D o u g l a s F i r ___________________________________
311 3.35
W e ste r n Pine:
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________________
157 3.06
Southern d istr ic t
165 3.25
R e d w o o d _______________________________________
88 3.26

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .



_

_

_

.

-

-

_

_

_
-

-

_

10
_

68
_

94
7

67
25

115
68

65
23

165
72

77
25

68
12
7
26
4

20
21
1
2
2

30
16
1
27
24

20
8
14
6
5

26
55
12
18
18

1
51
3
2

7
2
1
1

11
47
3

15
59
21

65
38

35
18

100
48

54
21

22
13

16
21
1
6
2

14
12
1
23
6

8
7
2
10

44
8
37
6

33

24
_

32
12
_
21
_

20
2

7
2

_
_
_

_
_
_

10
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

68
_
_
11
_

_
_

_
10
_

_
_
_

33
_

10
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

_

43
34

-

-

.
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

.
_
_

-

-

-

_

_
_
_
.
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

.

_
_

24

_

21

_

4

_

16
1

10

26
1

1
17

-

-

5
_

-

29
_

46
32

_

12
_

30
4

6

14

12
2
73
27

22
21
_
1
92
49

4

_

25
15
_
10
170
61

2
2
21
9

12

10
16
21
3

6
2

37
2
4
6

2

-

-

_

-

_

_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_

_

33
_

-

_

-

-

20

4

21

16

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

20

4

21

16

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
_

_

10

95
6
8
4

_

_

_

14
32
_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

10

4

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

27

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

27

_
_

-

_

_

_
_

9
6

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28

-

5

_

_
_

_

5

_

_

_

_

"

-

_
_

15

_

_

2

12

_
_

18
3

5
10
_

_

14

14

14

14

4

38
36

4

4

2

4

2
16
35
6

164
94

28
9

3
3

3
15
1
12

3
12
53
16

10
31
6

8
16
5
83
25

15
49
6
184
57

33
4
7
111
14

14
9
14
130
63

7
18
109
43

44
12
2
152
59

36
84
7
9 16
523

65
12

1
23
9

15
52

10
31
25

37
35
21

77
259
57

3
49
1

12

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

80

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

31
19

140
23

80
348
139

25
163
130

23

6

12

_

_

_

-

-

48
44
25

59
113
37

4
8
21

72

_

_
_

_

_

5
5
29

18
12

12
12

12
12

6

1

_

4
67
23

_

5

8
3

20
6

_

_

_

12

_

24
5

_

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table 1. Occupational earnings: By region---- Continued

(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 of w o r k e rs in se le c te d p rod u ctio n o cc u p a tio n s in W est C o a st s a w m ills and lo g g in g e sta b lish m e n ts by r e g io n , O ctob er 1969)

O c c u p a t i o n and r e g i o n

Num­ A ver­
be r
age
of
ho u r l y
Un der
work­ earn­
$ 2 .5 0
ers
ings

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - ■time h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$2 .5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $2 .8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 . 6 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5. 00 $5 .2 0 $ 5 . 4 0 $ 5. 60 $5 .8 0
and
under
$2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $4 . 8 0 $5 . 0 0 $5 . 2 0 $5 .4 0 $ 5 . 6 0 $5 . 8 0 $6. 0 0

$6 .0 0
and
over

S a w m i l l s and pl a n in g m i l l s — C o n ti nu e d
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e (o th e r
than head rig l _
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ---------------------------------R e d w o o d ___________________________________
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( f e e d o n l y ) ___________________
D o u g la s F i r _______________________________
W e s t e r n P in e :

P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up and o p e r a t e ) ________
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o rth ern district. _
_ _ _
.. . .
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
R e d w o o d ----------------------------------------------------P o n d m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------

D o ug la s F ir

W e s t e r n Pi ne :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
R e d w o o d ----------------------------------------------------S a w f i l e r s , b e n c h w o r k ____________________ ____
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t _____ ______________
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
R e d w o o d ___________________________________
S a w f i l e r s , f i t t e r s and h e l p e r s _________________
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ---------------------------------S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ________________ ____
R e d w o o d ___________________________________
Se tu p m e n , w o o d w o r k i n g m a c h i n e 2 ____________
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
W e s t e r n Pi ne :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________

Southern d istr ic t

S o r t e r s , d r y ch ai n p u l l e r s 2____________________
D o u g la s F i r _______________________________
W e s t e r n Pi ne :
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
R e d w o o d ___________________________________
S o r t e r s , g r e e n ch ai n p u l l e r s __________________
D o u g la s F i r _______________________________
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
R e d w o o d -----------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le .



_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

12
12

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

73
21

17
6

20
18

14
14

_
_

_
_

1
_

2
_

_
_

_

5
36
23
_

38
14
_

7
4
2

2
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

1
_

2
_

_
_

_
_

585
335

$3. 04
3.25

4 55

24

20

19

18
6

34
13

132
87

206
190

71
33

.

141
87
22
648
Z67

2.41
3.17
3.28
3.31
3.44

55
_
_
-

24

20

13

_
12

15
6

_

_

6
.

9
_

_
36
2
82
44

_

11
-

_
4
12
312
147

_

_
33
-

14
23
8
124
37

_

_
-

_
36
12

_
14
6

_
9
9

_
_
_

17Z
154
55
603
ZZ5

3.03
3.35
3.45
3.90
4 .0 6

33

11

6

9

_
_

_
_

.
_

5
_

67
6
14
25
_

44
109
12
34
_

2
26
10
84
31

13
11
96
23

8
101
45

131
67

-

_
-

6
6

5

25

26

52

_
28
13

_
155
29

8
211
143

1
193
163

49
15
9
17
16

5
50
1
24
24

_

_

_

_

167
148
63
667
400

3.49
4. 0 7
4. 0 6
3.29
3.38

_
_

_
_

_
22
12

_
_
13

_
_
2

113
89
65
510
Z04

3.03
3.25
3.29
4.91
4 .8 5

_
-

-

10
-

13
_
-

2
_
-

9
6
_
-

71
26
29
-

4
46
18
_
-

4
8
18
_
-

1
_
-

_
_
7
-

_
_
69
25

_
_
27
15

2
_
19
8

_
_
112
51

_
_
60
16

_
_
70
39

_
_
79
41

_
_
18
2

_
_
7
1

_
_
13
_

_
_
29
6

118
1Z6
6Z
441
156

4.81
5.11
4. 87
3.69
3.79

-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
2
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
10
-

_
_
65
18

_
_
105
15

_
_
119
61

6
1
56
23

34
10
_
48
13

1
1
10
28
22

5
6
8
4

24
25
12
_
_

7
29
8
_
_

20
6
5
_
_

4
26
8
_
_

1
3
12
_
_

3
3
_
_
_

_
13
_
_
_

13
10
_
_
_

133
10Z
50
57
16

3.51
3.73
3.78
3.75
3.72

_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

2
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

9
_
1
_

42
4
1
_

46
31
13
11
2

13
35
10
28
11

6
18
9
18
3

9
11
15

6
_
_

_
3
1

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

16
10
50Z
12Z

3.65
3.88
3.47
3.61

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

159
35

165
27

7
2
80
42

9
g
13
-

26
-

10
_

17
-

_
_

5
-

5
_

22
18

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

Z48
95
3,851
2,032

3.39
3.53
3.30
3.22

_

-

-

-

26
-

84
60

52
52

130
18

65
-

68
50
1524
975

123
15
1123
718

14
309
179

6
181
-

22
4
121
-

_
10
101
-

10
7
22
-

_
46
18

_
5
7
-

5
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
11

-

_
4
_
_

_

-

10
-

-

_
15
-

_
24
12

722
535
562

3.10
3.84

10

26
_

24

_

112
_

41
_
24

193
63
149

34
96

_
181

14
88
33

8
14

28

_

_

_

_

_

_

15

12

3 .34

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

-

2 60
2
287

36
51

7

-

11

Table 1. Occupational earnings: By region— Continued

(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h ourly ea r n in g s 1 of w o r k e rs in se le c te d p rod u ctio n o ccu p a tio n s in W est C o a st sa w m ills and lo g g in g e sta b lish m e n ts by r e g io n , O ctob er 1969)
NumO c c u p a t i o n and r e g io n

Aver-

hourl y
of
w o r k - e a r nel s

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of$ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $4 .4 0 $4 . 6 0 $4 . 8 0 $5 .0 0 $5 .2 0 $5. 40 $5. 60 $5. 8 0
$2.50

$6. 00

un d er
$ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $4 . 8 0 $5 . 0 0 $5 . 2 0 $5 .4 0 $5. 60 $5. 80 $6. 0 0

ov e r

and

S a w m i l l s and p l an in g m i l l s — Con tinue d
2,451
1,099

$3.18
3.23

15
-

26
-

_
-

96
-

58
18

87
_

1282
622

741
399

93
42

_

_

_

_

14
_

7
_

7

25
18

569
569
214
730
261

2.96
3.32
3.15
3.39
3.45

15
_
_
-

26
_
_

_
-

96
_
_
_
-

40
_
_
2
-

67
_
20
34
_

308
237
115
22
_

17
246
79
327
99

_
51
_
275
135

_
_
_
55
14

_
_
_
6
4

_
_
_
9
9

_
_
_
_
_

14
_
_
_

7
_
_
_

7

7

_

_

141
223
105
940
400

3.22
3.39
3.46
3.43
3.52

82
117
29
264
65

5
82
53
344
182

8
20
13
192
104

2
32
24

_
10
10

2
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

235
201
104
498
165

3.21
3.44
3.57
2.94
3.13

62
79
21
12

29
59
6

4
4

_

2

_

_

241
111

103
81
15
62
45

132
133
68

B u l l d o z e r o p e r a t o r s ____________________________
774
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
445
W e ste r n Pine:
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t _____________________
155
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t _____________________
117
R e d w o o d ----------------------------------------------------57
Cat d r i v e r s , s k i d d in g ___________________________ 1, 331
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
453
W e ste r n Pine:
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t _____________________
384
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t _____________________
323
R e d w o o d ----------------------------------------------------171
C h o k e r m e n _____________________________ _______ 2 , 3 6 6
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________ 1 , 6 1 8
W e s te r n Pine:
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ___________________
136
S o u t h e r n di str ict .
395
R e d w o o d __________________________________
217
Du m p t r u c k d r i v e r s 2____________________________
434
D o u g l a s F i r ____________________ _________
380
W e s t e r n Pi ne :
Northern d istrict _ _
30
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t _________________ __
20
E n g i n e e r s , lo g l o a d in g
_
. _
. 1,030
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
662
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t _____________________
186
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t _______________ ____
94
R e d w o o d __________________________________
88

_

S o r t e r s , p l a n e r ch ai n p u l l e r s _________________
D o u g l a s F i r ----------------------------------------------W e s te r n Pine:
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t _____________________
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t _____________________
R e d w o o d __________________________________
T a l l y m e n ________________________________________
D o u g l a s F i r ----------------------------------------------W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t _____________________
R e d w o o d ____________________________ ____
T r i m m e r m e n ____________________________________
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ___________________ _
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t _____________________
W a t c h m e n - g u a r d s _______________________________
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
W e s t e r n Pi ne :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t _____________________
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t _____________________
R e d w o o d __________________________________

_

2

26

-

_
8
_

8
29
6

_
_

8
-

18
_
5
67

.
-

_
10

_
11

_
-

-

-

-

.

10

11

-

-

-

66

3
_

2.51
3.06
3.04

48
7
11

3
.

4.23
4.34

_
-

3.97
4.17
4.25
4.16
4.36

-

_
32

9
9

18
4
38
9
23
6

29
_
3

.
_

_
_

38
25
4

14
88
28

7
10

_
12

6

_

_

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

4
_

30
30

51
30

29
6

113
23

131
32

161
125

86
44

72
62

36
35

42
42

16
16

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
40
-

_
_
_
_

4
_
_
18
_

_
_

21

-

75
_

_
101
_

13
10
_
130
26

61
24
5
109
19

45
33
21
191
54

2
17
17
274
172

5
29
8
185
75

_
4
6
64
63

1
_
_
16
14

_
_
50
20

_
_
15
10

4.00
4.05
4.21
3.55
3.62

-

8
-

-

_
_
_
11
_

40
_
19
_

_
_
_
17
_

18
_
_
92
_

61
14
_
477
175

97
1
3
969
801

11
87
6
399
364

29
52
9
125
85

26
47
64
201
171

4
53
45
14
12

11
55
44
16
10

1
_
_
4

2
.
_
14

16
14

3.31
3.31
3.63
3.70
3.74

-

8
-

_
_
-

5
6
_

15
4
5
_

10
7
_
_
_

63
29
_
16
16

3
267
32
45
36

14
76
78
39
5

_
_
35
200
198

_
_
40
90
86

_
_
30
27
27

_
_
2
4
4

_
6
_
8
8

4

14

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

3.39
3.49
4.58
4.57

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

5

_

4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

3
6
15
10

22
12
23
-

43
30

2
46
24

99
26

161
116

148
96

258
238

55
31

4.82
4.49
4.32

-

-

_

-

4

4
r

23

-

-

“

-

~

"

“

"

5
8
9

41
12
20

2
11
32

10
28
14

_
13
7

9
10

-

"

5

-

~

Logging

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le.



-

11
2

5

3
3
_
_

29

4
_

5
_
_
_
_

29

4
_

55
35

38
38

2
_

17
9

3
„

59
9

9
10
1

_

2

8

3
_

50

-

-

'

-

_
_

_

_
_
_

30
_
30
_
_

Table 1. Occupational earnings: By region---- Continued

(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s 1 of w o r k e rs in se le c te d p rod u ctio n o c c u p a tio n s
Average
of
h o ur ly
work- earnei &
ing s

O c c u p a t i o n and r e g i o n

W est C o a st sa w m ills and lo g g in g e sta b lish m e n ts by r e g io n , O ctob er 1969)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Num-

$2.50 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 0 0 $5 . 2 0 $ 5 . 4 0 $ 5 . 6 0 $5. 80
$2 .5 0

$6. 0 0

under
$2.60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 . 6 0 $4 .8 0 $5 . 0 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5. 40 $ 5 .6 0 $ 5 . 8 0 $6. 00

over

and

L o g g i n g ----C o n ti n u e d
F a l l e r s and b u c k e r s , p o w e r ___________________
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
W e s t e r n Pi ne :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
R e d w o o d ----------------------------------------------------G ro u n d l o a d e r s 2_________________________________
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
W e s te r n Pine:
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t --------------------------- —
R e d w o o d ___________________________________
G r o u n d m e n , r ig g i n g 2 ___________________________
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
W e s t e r n Pi ne :
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ---------------------------------R e d w o o d ----------------------------------------------------H ea d l o a d e r s 2_________________________________ _
D o u g l a s F i r -----------------------------------------------R e d w o o d ____ ____________________________
H ig h c l i m b e r s 2 __________________________________
D o u g l a s F i r -----------------------------------------------H oo k t e n d e r s , hi gh l e a d 2----------------------------------D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
R e d w o o d ___________________________________
Log s c a l e r s ----------------------------------------------------------D o u g l a s F i r ------------ ----------------------------------W e s te r n Pine:
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------------------------ -----R e d w o o d ___________________________________
M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e _________________________
D o u g l a s F i r _______________________________
W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
R e d w o o d ----------------------------------------------------R e p a i r m e n , h e a v y e q u i p m e n t ---------------------------D o u g l a s F i r ____ ___________________________
W e s t e r n Pi ne :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ------ -----------------------S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ______________________
R e d w o o d ___________________________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s , l o g g i n g ---------------------------------------D o u g l a s F i r -----------------------------------------------W e s t e r n P in e :
N o r t h e r n d i s t r i c t ---------------------------------S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t ---------------------------------R e d w o o d -------------------------------------------- -----1
2
3
4
5

E xcludes
I n c lu d e s
I n c lu d e s
W orkers
W orkers

NOTE:




3,390
1,878

$5 .9 5
5.59

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

703
535
274
306
229

5.33
6.74
8. 53
3.85
3.91

-

-

_
-

50
23
161
126

3.59
3.95
3.91
4.02

-

-

22
13
153
135
16
48
42
504
470
19
229
93

3.46
3.63
4 .3 0
4 .3 3
3.97
4.93
5.07
5.12
5.13
4. 76
3.74
3.95

.
_
_
-

46
58
32
218
136

3.25
3.67
3.89
3.93
4. 0 2

23
50
9
854
558

_
-

_
-

25
-

74
40

_
_
-

-

_
-

25
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

_
-

_
5
-

-

.
_
_
-

_
-

5
-

3.26
3.95
4 .1 5
4.11
4.20

_
-

-

150
70
76
3, 142
2, 119

3.73
4. 2 4
4 .0 9
3.74
3.82

-

-

-

387
452
184

3.50
3.63
3.60

_
-

_
-

24
-

25
-

21
2

69
36

140
8

121
55

90
-

1187
1023

233
212

193
150

109
10

43
41

5 10 36
301

34
12
-

42
19

18
6
98
74

12
13
46
45

19
52
43

33
33
28

55
73
4
23
20

63
1
2
-

48
37
5
-

48
107
9
-

12
2
7
-

35
4
4
-

96
1
2
-

1
1
-

204
290
241
-

-

12
15
6

19
17
-

11
13
25
20

1
8
4

8
1
56
56

5
40
40

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

9
_
-

8
9
-

5
_
4
4
-

4
26
17
9
6

18
16
2
-

62
62
-

-

_
-

9
-

8
-

62
-

1
1
27
16

23
23
54
35

14
14
40
19

13
6
4
23
23

13
13
3
3
6
4
2
1
-

20
19
1
8
8
4
4
-

4
4
20
20
-

10
8
23
23
298
286
12
-

45
45
-

21
9
-

20
20
-

-

4
4
39
39
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
16
-

8
20
14

24
31
7
13
2

11
21
16

2
17
36
28

14
7
11
-

74
62

1
23
10

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
6
6
-

6
37
2

7
4
40
5

2
3
68
36

8
37
24

11
100
56

9
3
486
381

10
3
50
34

9
5

-

19
13

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

52
-

7
-

35
257
222

18
2
12
633
349

7
4
2
996
775

8
20
16
505
463

41
27
37
39
26

4
28
28

20
20

6
-

30
12

8
-

-

-

31
4
217
2

-

-

6
349
222

-

-

-

_

_

“

-

"

52
“

12
6748

160
51
4

21
14

75
156
53

14
178
29

6
36

13
-

-

-

-

18
-

8
-

-

-

-

"

“

“

~

~
“

'

'

7
-

p r e m i u m p a y for o v e r t i m e and for w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
data f o r r e g i o n (s) in a d d i t io n to t h o s e sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
da ta fo r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in add it io n to t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
w e r e distributed as follows:
55 at $ 1. 90 to $ 2 .
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 360 at $ 6 to $ 7 ; 270 at $ 7 to $ 8 ; 133 a t $ 8 to $ 9 ; and 273 a t $ 9 and o v e r .

D a s h e s i n d i c a t e no dat a r e p o r t e d o r data that do not m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

11
5
1
1
“

Table 2. Occupational averages: By method of wage payment
(N u m ber and a v e ra g e s t r a ig h t-tim e hourly earnings 1 in selected production occupations in W e st C oast sa w m ills and logging esta b lish m en ts by m ethod
of wage paym ent and r e g io n , O ctober 1969)

S a w m i l l s and pl an in g m i l l s

Logg ing

Lumber p ile r s
R e g i o n and m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t

L o a d er s ,
c a r and truck

A i r d r y in g
or storage

Number
of
workers

Average
ho ur ly
e a r n in g s

Number
of
workers

866
446

$ 3 . 19
4. 54

134
98

$ 3 . 19
4. 41

311
98

3. 25
5. 11

68

3. 26
-

291
124

3. 09
4. 11

„

_

-

224
150

3. 23
4. 50

3. 21
4 . 58

14

Kiln dr y i n g

„

40
74

Sorters

Average
ho u r l y
earnings

Number
of
workers

G r e e n ch ai n
pullers

Average
hourly
earnings

Number
of
workers

4 19
146

$ 3 . 25
4. 91

3, 598
253

146
78

3. 36
5. 13

-

219
-

3. 16
-

-

-

D r y cha in
pullers

P l a n e r c ha in
p ullers

F a l l e r s and
b u c k e r s , p ow er

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

Number
of
workers

$ 3 . 22
4. 49

408
94

$ 3 . 30
4. 25

2, 393
58

$ 3 . 15
4. 67

1, 812
1, 578

$ 5 . 18
6. 85

1, 982
-

3. 19
-

104
-

3. 36
-

1, 081
-

3. 20
-

1, 577
301

5. 24
7.41

690
-

3. 06
-

-

-

564
-

2. 96
-

71
632

3. 79
5. 50

“

466
69

3.66
5. 04

233
-

3. 31
-

534
-

3. 23
-

151
384

5. 14
7. 36

3.41
4. 18

460
102

3. 14
4. 24

65
30

3. 13
4. 38

214

3. 15

13
261

4. 95
8. 70

Average
hourly
earnings

Average
ho u r l y
e a r n in g s

Number
of
workers

Average
h ou r ly
e a r n in g s

W est Coast
T i m e -------------------------------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _________ ______________________________
D ou glas F ir
T i m e _____________________________________________
I n c e n t i v e ____ _____________ ____________________
W estern P in e-N orth ern d istrict
T i m e ---------------------------------------------------------- -----I n c e n t i v e --------------------- ------- ------------------- -----------

..

W e s t e r n P i n e —S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t
T i m e ------------------------------------------------------------------I n c e n ti v e -- - __________ __________ ________________

-

_

Redwood
T i m e ---------------------------------------------- -----------------I n c e n t i v e ______________ __________________________

3. 30

12
26

'

1

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pa y for o v e r t i m e and fo r wor k on w e e k e n d s ,

NOTE :




holidays,

and la te s h i f t s .

D a s h e s i n d ic a t e no data r e p o r te d o r data that do not m e e t p u b li c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

Table 3. Occupational averages: By type of sawmill
(N u m b er and a v e ra g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h ourly e a r n in g s 1 of w ork ers in selected production occupations in independent and integrated 2 W est C oast sa w m ills by region, O cto ber 1969)

W est Coast

Occupation

Indepe nden t
saw m ills
Num­ A ver­
ber
age
of
hourly
work­ earn ­
ers
in g s

B a n d - h e a d - s a w o p e r a t o r s , c o n v e n t i o n a l ______
28
B an d -h ead -saw operators, r id er le ss
c a r r i a g e _________________________________________
575
B a r k e r o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------430
B l o c k s e t t e r s --------------------------------------------------------21
C a r r i e r d r i v e r s ---------------------------------------------------645
C h ip p e r f e e d e r s - l o g t e n d e r s ------------------------------406
C ir c u la r -h e a d -sa w operators,
r i d e r l e s s c a r r i a g e --------------------------------------------43
Cl e a nu p m e n ____________________________________
847
171
C u t o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s _____________________ ______
E d g e r m e n -------------------------------------------------------------660
222
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e --------------------------------End l ift t r u c k o p e r a t o r s ________________________ 1, 046
E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y . . ------------------------------------58
F irem en , stationary b o iler
_______ ___________
328
G r a d e r s , g r e e n c h a i n ---------------- --------------------- „
331
G r a d e r s , p l a n e d l u m b e r . ---------------------------------458
G r a d e r s , ro ug h d r y l u m b e r -------------------------------158
G r a d e r s , s h i p p i n g -----------------------------------------------216
160
Kil n o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------------------L o a d e r s , c a r and t r u c k --------------------------------------912
Log d e c k r n e n --------------------------------------------------------186
Lo g han d lin g e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t o r s -------------------511
Un de r 1 5 t o n s --------------------------------------------------48
1 5 to 50 t o n s ----------------------------------------------------316
50 t o n s and o v e r ----------------------------------------------107
L u m b e r p i l e r s , a i r d r y i n g o r s t o r a g e _________
176
L u m b e r p i l e r s , k i l n - d r y i n g -------------------------------411
M a c h i n i s t s , m a i n t e n a n c e -----------------------------------149
M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ---------------------------------------255
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ________________________
999
O f f - b e a r e r s , h e a d r i g ----------------------------------------500
O ff-b e a r e r s , m ach ine (other
tha n h e a d r i g ) ___________________________________
476
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( f e e d o n l y ) ------------------------------475
442
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up and o p e r a t e ) -------------P o n d m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------447
361
Saw f i l e r s , b e n c h w o r k ---------------------------------------278
Saw f i l e r s , f i t t e r s and h e l p e r s --------------------------30
Setup m en , w o o d w o r k i n g m a c h i n e ---------------------324
S o r t e r s , d r y c h a i n p u l l e r s ------------------------------S o r t e r s , g r e e n c h a i n p u l l e r s ----------------------------- 2, 651
S o r t e r s , p l a n e r c h a i n p u l l e r s ---------------------------- 1, 778
441
T a l l e y m e n --------------------------------------------------------------641
T r i m m e r m e n --------------------------------------------------------W a t c h m e n -------------------------------------------------------------337

I nt egr at ed
saw m ills

Inde pe nde nt
saw m ills

Num­ A ver­ Num­ Aver­
ber
ber
age
ag e
of
hourly
of
ho u r l y
work­ earn- work­ earne r s _ JQ£S_
ers
. mgs

$ 4 . 77

18

4.82
3. 50
3. 72
3. 37
3. 21

203
136
20
400
186

4.
3.
3.
3.
3.

4. 50
3. 08
3. 31
3. 74
4. 25
3.44
3. 66
3. 23
3. 73
4. 02
4. 03
3. 97
3. 66
3. 67
3. 31
3. 78
3. 54
3. 78
3. 71
3. 83
3. 59
4. 14
3. 88
4. 06
3. 26

32
546
94
323
204
356
108
196
179
271
73
111
111
400
89
193
46
109
34
56
154
129
218
587
221

4.
3.
3.
3.
4.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
4.

3. 03
3.29
3. 95

109
173
161
3. 33 220
4. 94
149
3. 70
163
3. 73
27
3. 32
178
3. 30 1, 200
673
3. 20
3. 38
289
3.46
299
2. 89
161

W e s t e r n P i n e r e g io n —
Northern d istrict

D o u g la s F i r r e g io n

$ 4 . 78

Integrated
saw m ills
Nu m ber
of
work­
ers

Aver­
ag e
hourly
earn­
ings

I nde pen de nt
saw m ills

Integrated
saw m ills

N u m ­ A v e r ­ Nu m - A v e r ­
ber
ag e
ber
ag e
of
hourly
hourly
of
work­ earn­ work­ earn­
ers
ings
ers
ings




Inde pe nde nt
saw m ills
Num­ A ver­
ber
age
of
hourly
work­ earn ­
ers
ings

Integrated
saw m ills
Num­ Aver­
ber
ag e
of
hourly
work­ earn­
ers
ings

Re dw o od r e g io n
I nd ep end en t
saw m ills
Num - A v e r ­
ber
ag e
of
hourly
work­ earn­
ers
ings

10

$ 4 . 86

14

84
40
54
36
10

217
198
_
326
211

4. 98
3. 56

5.
3.
3.
3.
3.

00
43
58
43
22

158
106
_
129
63

$ 4 . 53
3. 22
_
3. 09
2. 96

62
43
_
100
52

$ 4 . 63
3. 24
_
3. 17
2. 89

129
81
_
159
76

$ 5 . 06
3. 58
_
3.42
3. 20

80
31
_
69
44

$4.99
3. 50

71
45

3.45
3. 27

36
57
16
174
86

3.44
3. 13

31
-

46
02
35
63
21
34
84
33
64
81
89
97
45
58
17
75
68
75
82
29
89
11
3. 98
4. 04
3. 22

32
361
59
259
96
409
22
93
165
184
35
89
45
285
108
186
26
129
11
76
136
76
63
456
232

4. 84
3. 16
3. 52
3. 84
4. 32
3.48
4. 08
3. 34
3. 68
3. 97
3. 90
4. 22
4. 05
3. 84
3. 35
3. 97
3. 80
3. 94
3. 84
3.43
3. 74
4. 28
3. 93
4. 14
3. 35

22
241
42
116
52
96
37
75
63
59
18
51
35
124
24
68
30
33
_
88
39
64
267
79

4. 97
3. 04
3. 33
3. 70
4. 38
3. 45
3. 97
3. 40
3. 69
4. 01
3. 91
3. 84
3. 75
3. 35
3. 36
3. 88
3. 86
3. 90
_
4 . 33
4 . 23
4 . 04
4 . 12

_
108
57
177
45
222
28
110
24
79
-

3. 33

_
108
101
50
106
32
38
34
108
_
29
34
108
25
69
_
27
25
46
27
82
122
57

_
2. 87
3. 38
4. 04
3. 12
3. 69
3. 04
3. 21
3. 48
3. 79
3. 23
3. 11
2. 90
3. 51
3. 44
3. 72
3. 02
3. 97
3. 84
3. 76
3. 02

244
23
150
57
306
125
67
141
98
16
59
276
35
116
_
87
15
60
45
85
256
111

.
3. 06
3. 61
3. 89
4. 29
3. 47

54
307
19
174
_
86
77
191
_
81
159
100

2. 82
2. 84
3. 44
4. 08
3. 30
3. 35
3. 08
3.46
3.60
3. 72
3. 49
3. 50
3. 14
3. 38
„
3. 24
3. 58
3. 35
_
3.63
3. 71
3. 09

103
18
76
74
73
26
68
23
69
26
31
38
98
24
54
_
49
>
6
38
49
133
54

3.06
3. 31
3. 77
4. 29
3.44
3. 83
3.40
3. 70
4. 21
4. 04
4. 35
3. 30
3. 86
3. 06
3. 86
_
3. 82
_
3. 51
4. 27
4. 13
4. 19
3. 19

275
202
178
299
154
105
3. 77
3. 76
83
3. 30 1, 475
3. 12
845
157
3. 39
268
3. 38
3. 03
107

3. 25
3. 39
4. 08
3. 42
4. 86
3. 77
3. 40
3. 21
3. 22
3.46
3. 57
3. 14

60
65
47
101
50
51
39
557
254
104
132
58

3. 27
3. 59
3. 99
3. 27
4. 80
3. 84
4. 05
3. 24
3.27
3. 43
3.43
3. 10

97
124
111
54
80
79
423
386
84
157
81

2.22
3. 00
3.49
3. 04
4 . 89
3. 53
3. 12
3. 00
3. 26
3. 24
2. 29

44

48
56
59
38
54
12
299
183
57
78
51

2. 85
3. 10
3. 50
3. 02
4. 64
3.48
3. 63
3. 08
2. 87
3. 15
3. 16
2. 87

3.
3.
3.
3.

09
36
78
21
4. 82
3. 67

D a s h e s i n d i c a t e no d a t a r e p o r t e d or data that do not m e e t p u b li c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

In te gr at e d
saw m ills
Nu m ber
of
work­
ers

Aver­
age
hourly
earn­
i ng s

$ 4 . 83

no

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pa y fo r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and l a te s h i f t s .
2 I n t e g r a t e d s a w m i l l s , fo r p u r p o s e s of th is study, a r e d e f in e d as t h o s e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h in a dd i t io n to e n g a g i n g
w h ic h s up pl y l o g s to the m i l l .
I n de pe nd e nt s a w m i l l s p u r c h a s e l o g s or c o n t r a c t out l o g g in g o p e r a t i o n s .
NOTE:

W e s t e r n P i n e r e g io n —
S ou th e r n d i s t r i c t , '

84

no
111
47
91
68
193
382
393
161
141
105

3. 28
3. 95
4. 29
4. 21
4. 22
3. 50
3.69
3. 23
4. 05
_
4. 05
4. 17
3. 94
4. 20
4. 11
4. 20
3. 28
3. 17
3. 37
4. 10
3. 21
5. 06
3. 73
3. 29
3. 97
3.40
3. 38
3.45
3. 03

_
44

37
42
35
34
-

55

153
176
62
60
28

-

3. 31
3. 98
3. 29
5. 22
3. 72
3. 72
3. 52
3. 16
3. 40
3. 42
3. 17

134
32
74
24
109
75
54
44
24
35
14
26
128
57
20
39
42
47
36
26
42
371
154
39
75

44

$ 4 . 54
3. 74
_
3.41
_
3. 13
3. 56
3. 78
4. 16
3. 52
_
3. 73
4. 10
_
_
3. 71
3. 40
3. 82
_
3. 99
_
3. 75

3. 99
3. 20
3. 30
3. 50
4. 23
3. 27
5. 10
3. 89
3. 31
3. 19
3. 14
3. 38
3. 53
3. 04

in s a w m i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s a l s o own and o p e r a t e

25
_
57
_

$ 4 . 65
_
_
3. 38

_
94
19
30
28
81
13
15
59
35
18
_

_
3. 08
3.61
3. 84
3. 97
3. 43
3. 89
3.40
3. 81
3. 68
3. 92
-

70
16
_
„
_
11
14
25
23
65
31

4. 35
3.44
_
„
_
4. 06
4. 14
3. 85
3. 95
3. 90
3. 38

_
16
21
18
26

_
3. 35
3. 73
3. 36
4. 56
3. 65
3. 70
3. 62
3. 18
3. 50
3. 67

24

53
191
60
66
29

lo gg in g c a m p s ,

Table 4. Occupational averages: By size of establishment
(N u m ber and a v e ra g e st r a ig h t -t im e hourly e a r n in g s 1 of w ork ers in selecte d production occupations in W e st C oast sa w m ills and logging esta b lish m en ts
by num ber of w o r k e r s and r e g io n , October 1969)
W est C oast

Douglas F ir region

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s with—
O c c u p a ti o n

Z0— w o r k e r s
99
Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
e a r n in g s

1 0 0 - 4 99 w o r k e r s
Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

500 w o r k e r s or m o r e

20— w o r k e r s
99

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

Number
of
workers

_

_

Average
hourly
earnings

100-499 w orkers
Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

S a w m i l l s and pl ani ng m i l l s
B a n d - h e a d - s a w o p e r a t o r s , c o n v e n t i o n a l ____ _
B an d-h ead -saw operators, r id erless
c a r r i a g e ------------------------ ------------___
B a r k e r o p e r a t o r s _____________ ___________________
B l o c k s e t t e r s ______________________________________
C a r r i e r d r i v e r s __________________________________
C h ip p e r f e e d e r s - l o g t e n d e r s __ ________________
C ir c u la r -h e a d -sa w operators,
r i d e r l e s s c a r r i a g e _____ __ __________________ ___
C l e a n u p m e n _____ _________________ ______________
C u t o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------E d g e r m e n --------------------------------------------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e . -------------------------------End lift t r u c k o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y -----------------------------------------F i r e m e n , s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r _____________________
G r a d e r s , g r e e n c h a i n __ _______ ________________
G r a d e r s , pl an e d l u m b e r -------------------------------------G r a d e r s , r ou gh d r y l u m b e r ____ ________________
G r a d e r s , s h i p p i n g ________________________________
Kiln o p e r a t o r s --------------------- _ ___________________
L o a d e r s , c a r and t r u c k __________________________
Log d e c k m e n ______________________________________
Lo g ha nd lin g e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t o r s 2 ___ ________
Un de r 15 t o n s -------- -----------------------------------------15 to 50 t o n s -----------------------------------------------------50 to ns and o v e r ----------------------------------------------L u m b e r p i l e r s , a ir d r y i n g o r s t o r a g e _________
L u m b e r p i l e r s , ki ln d r y i n g ____ _______________
M a c h i n i s t s , m a i n t e n a n c e ______________ __________
M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ___________________________
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e -------------------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s , he a d r i g ______ _____________________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e (o th e r
than h e a d r i g ) ___________________________________
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( fe e d o nl y )-------------------------------P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up and o p e r a t e ) _________
P o n d m e n ________________________ _________________
Saw f i l e r s , b e n c h w o r k ___________________________
Saw f i l e r s , f i t t e r s and h e l p e r s __________________
Se tup m e n , w o o d w o r k i n g m a c h i n e ______________
S o r t e r s , d r y c h a i n p u l l e r s ______________________
S o r t e r s , g r e e n c h a i n p u l l e r s ____________________
S o r t e r s , p l a n e r ch a i n p u l l e r s ----------------------------T a l l e y m e n _________________________________________
T r i m m e r m e n __ _________ __________________________
W a t c h m e n _________________________________________

500 w o r k e r s or m o r e
N u m be r
of
workers

Average
h ou r l y
e a r n in g s

i
18

$4. 71

27

$ 4 .8 3

_

315
246

4.61
3.3 8

363
262
26
506
256

4 .9 8
3.57
3.67
3.41
3.25

100
58

-

-

305
252

3.26
3.09

53
439
126
387
45
497

4.12
3.01
3.21
3 .6 4
4 .1 9
3.41

-

-

-

234
84
-

105
117
_
150
1 14

$4 .7 5
3.40
_
3. 35
3.19

1 18
1 16
21
273
135

5. 14
3.68
3.71
3.48
3.32

-

32
174
27
136

4. 5 8
3.09
3. 45
3.77
3.42
3.26
3.63
3.85

_
3.16
3.45
3.88
4. 4 2
3.52
3.95
3.41
3.77
4. 1 3
3.98
4.01
3.92
3.82
3.35
3.92
3. 83
3.97
3.92
3.75
4. 4 2
4. 2 5
4. 02
4. 1 3
3.41

54
97
79
92
17
103
47
78
67
_
199
154

4. 16
4. 3 3
3.41
3.33
3.79
_
3.79
_
4. 0 3
3.29

_
283
61
179
65
271
39
88
97
133
27
33
49
235
78
127
39
74
14
34
129
44
95
282
135

3.25
3 .2 3
3.69
3.31
4.64
3.72
3.76
3.49
3.31
3.15
3.38
3.48
2. 98

143
94
120
145
97
24
764
382
77
145
~

3.19
3.39
3.98
3.31
4. 7 4
3.6 7
3.1 0
3.1 7
3.49
3. 4 4
-

91
105
95
214
91
83
.
100
959
589
144
192
99

3. 33
3.63
4. 17
3.43
5.01
3. 80
_
3.70
3.33
3.29
3.45
3.59
3.13

4.23
4. 28
3.39

206
219
698

4. 2 3
4. 3 8
3.76

191
158
674

4. 49
4. 3 8
3.55

3.09
3.46
3 .7 5
4 .2 5
3.43
3.73
3 .2 4
3.74
4 .0 6
4 .1 0
4.01
3.63
3.72
3.28
3.83
3.80
3.88
3.74
3.60
3.90
4. 2 0
3.89
4.04
3.30

45
13
12
84
126
124
472
76

3.05
3.38
3.70
4 .2 2
3.39
3.87
3.38
3.71
3 .7 4
3.96
3.78
3.29
3.76
3.38
4 .1 2
4.11
3.95
4 .2 5
3.65
4.16
4.11
4. 16
3.31

3.27
3.42
3. 98
3.33
5. 08
3.68
3 .7 4
3.56
3.40
3.19
3.39
3.49
3 .0 2

118
148
74
91
53
110
38
113
592
367
140
135
76

4 .3 0
4 .2 5
3.52

48
76
246

3.26
3.6 3
3.86
3.8 2
3.9 8
3.62
3.48
3.22
3.58
3.35
3.58
3 .6 4
3.69
3.45
3. 84
3.80
3.95
3.18

341
237
276
238
256
84
76
1,437
754
172
362
185

2. 88
3.25
3.89
3 .2 4
4 .8 2
3.68
3.1 1
3.18
3.18
3.39
3.35
2.81

126
263
253
338
201
247
11
313
1, 822
1, 330
418
443
237

361
801
1, 177

4 .1 7
4 .1 0
3.62

365
454
939

282
57
146
173
211
66
81
97
152
86
44
44
230
28
88
-

$5 .0 8

$ 4 .9 5
3 .4 4
3.41
3.20

672
82
450
208
694
89
286
233
369
98
143
169
638
133
342
47
194
99
49
243
110
224
684
346

157
180
208
47
140
58
444
1 14
274
39
186
29
171
238
42
125
430
299

-

-

-

12

-

139
-

-

D
P
>
?
C
L
o
g
3
0
)
2o'
P
>
o'
b
o
0
S'
•

.Logg ing
B u l l d o z e r o p e r a t o r s . ------------------------------------------Cat d r i v e r s , s k i d d in g ____________________________
C h o k e r m e n ________________________________________

1

___________ ______________
See footnotes at end of table.




Table 4. Occupational averages: By size of establishment----Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s i n W e s t C o a s t s a w m i l l s a n d l o g g i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
b y n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a n d r e g i o n , O c t o b e r 1969)
W est C o ast

D ouglas F ir re g io n
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith —

O c c u p a t io n

20-99 workers
Num ber
Average
h o u r ly
of
workers
earnings

1 0 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s
Num ber
Average
h o u r ly
of
earning s
workers

500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
Number
Average
h o u r ly
of
workers
earnings

20—99 w o r k e r s
Number
Average
of
h o u r ly
workers
earnings

1 0 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s
Number
Average
h o u r ly
of
workers
earnings

5 00 w o r k e r s
Number
of
w orkers

or m o r e
Average
h o u r ly
earnings

Data

L o g g in g ---- C o n ti n u e d
D u m p t r u c k d r i v e r s -----------------------------------------------------159
E n g i n e e r s , log l o a d i n g _____________________________
563
F a l l e r s and b u c k e r s , p o w e r ________________________ 1, 569
G r o u n d l o a d e r s ________________________________________
118
G r o u n d m e n , r i g g i n g ----------------------------------------------------65
H e a d l o a d e r s ___________________________________________
56
H i g h c l i m b e r s _________________________________________
19
2 44
H o o k t e n d e r s , h i g h l e a d _____________________________
L o g s c a l e r s _____________________________________________
87
M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ___ ___________________________
86
2 74
R e p a i r m e n , h e a v y e q u i p m e n t ----------------------------------1 ,6 7 7
T r u c k d r i v e r s , l o g g i n g ---------------------------------------

$ 3 .6 0
4 .6 1
6 .3 2
3 .98
4 .0 2
4 .4 3
5.09
5.2 0
3.7 2
3.89
3 .98
3.6 0

225
362
1, 345
123
54
69
28
156
124
112
356
1, 133

$ 3 .7 3
4.5 1
5 .8 3
3 .7 2
3 .6 4
4 .2 3
4 .81
5.01
3 .7 3
3.91
4 .1 4
3 .8 8

W e s t e r n P i n e r e g i o n —N o rthe:

50
105
4 76
65
104
2 24
332

district

$ 3 .8 9
4 .7 1
5 .1 4
3 .8 8
5 .0 9
4 .2 3
3 .9 5

140
333
5 84
76
50
52
19
222
26
43
134
1 ,0 4 0

$3.64
4 .6 4
6 .3 0
4 .0 9
4 .1 7
4 .4 0
5 .0 9
5.2 1
4 .2 3
4 .1 6
4.1 1
3 .6 8

W e s t e r n P i n e r e g i o n —Southe:

190
2 24
818
88
34
55
22
144
49
73
2 00
747

$ 3 .7 6
4 .3 9
5 .3 5
3 .7 7
3.7 1
4 .3 1
5 .0 5
5 .0 2
4 .0 5
3.8 9
4 .2 3
3 .9 7

&
o 0
n> 3
o
P r+
>
p
u

o
_______________ l
Redwood region

d istrict

'

o
p

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s with—
20—99 w o r k e r s
Number Average
h o u r ly
of
workers earnings

100—4 9 9 w o r k e r s
Number A verage
h o u r ly
of
w o rke r s e a r n i n g s

5 00 w o r k e r s
or m o re
Number A verage
h ourly
of
w ork ers earnings

1 0 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s
Number Average
of
h o u r ly
w ork ers earnings

5 00 w o r k e r s
or m ore
Number Average
of
h o u r ly
w ork ers earnings

20—99 w o r k e r s
Number A verage
hourly
of
w orkers earnings

1 0 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s
Number
Average
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ers earnings

S a w m i l l s and p la n in g m i l l s
B a n d - h e a d - s a w o p e r a t o r s , c o n v e n t i o n a l -----------B a nd-head-saw operators, rid erless
c a r r i a g e --------- ---------------------------------------------------------B a r k e r o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------------------B l o c k s e t t e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------C a r r i e r d r i v e r s -------------------- --------------------■----------------C h i p p e r f e e d e r s - l o g t e n d e r s --------------- ----------------C ircu la r-h ea d -sa w operators,
r i d e r l e s s c a r r i a g e ------------------ ---------------------------------C l e a n u p m e n . - ----------------------------------------------------------C u t o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------E d g e r m e n -----------------------------------------------------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e --------------------------------------E n d l if t t r u c k o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y -----------------------------------------------F i r e m e n , s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r -------------------------------------G r a d e r s , g r e e n c h a i n -------------------------------------------------G r a d e r s , p l a n e d l u m b e r -------------------------------------------G r a d e r s , r o u g h d r y l u m b e r -------------------------------------G r a d e r s , s h i p p i n g -------------------------------------------------------K iln o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------------------------L o a d e r s , c a r and t r u c k _____________________________
L o g d e c k m e n -----------------------------------------------------------------L o g h a n d li n g e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t o r s 2 --------------------U n d e r 15 t o n s ----------------------------------------------------------15 to 50 t o n s ------------------------------------------------------------50 to n s and o v e r ------------------------------------------------------




-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

92
81
61
61

$ 4 .3 9
3.1 3
2 .8 4
2 .8 3

100
55
103
40

$ 4 .6 5
3.31
3.2 0
3.01

28
13
6514

$4.82
3 .4 6
3 .2 8
3.1 1

124
79
108
68

$5.14
3 .5 6
3 .4 4
3 .2 0

25
20
20

$ 5 .0 5
3 .4 3
3.1 7

58
35
24
-

$ 4 .4 9
3 .7 5
3 .4 0
-

21
12
22
13

$ 4 .7 6
3 .78
3 .4 4
3.4 6

21
65
56
112
119
41
42
18
162
21
106
60

3 .4 2
2 .6 2
2 .8 3
3 .26
3.2 9
3.2 6
3 .52
3.21
3.3 7
2.8 7
3.2 5
3.1 6

113
130
47
165
30
105
37
88
71
54
203
13
111
40
68

2 .9 2
3.4 9
3.91
3.1 9
3.41
3 .0 5
3 .29
3.5 9
3 .87
3 .5 0
3 .4 5
3 .07
3 .4 8
3 .3 4
3 .5 8

38
36
38
44
25
20
1i
58
26
16
50
10
26
13

3.0 1
3 .6 5
4 .2 8
3 .3 0
3 .6 4
3 .2 4
3.51
3 .6 3
3 .7 2
3 .2 4
3 .2 8
3 .2 0
3.81
3 .7 2

2 12
8
119
83
188
20
93
57
135
60
38
62
180
35
96
74
17

3 .0 8
3 .2 8
3 .8 4
4 .3 2
3 .49
3 .7 8
3 .3 0
3 .9 7
4 .3 0
4 .1 7
4 .2 8
3 .4 8
3 .7 6
3 .1 9
4 .0 9
4 .0 7
4 .2 3

45
32
42
31
20
12
32
12
47
13
-

3 .0 5
3 .8 4
4 .2 5
3 .3 7
3 .4 3
3.91
4 .1 2
3 .1 3
3 .6 8
4 .2 5
-

1 10
22
64
17
79
52
45
29
-

3.11
3 .49
3 .76
4 .1 4
3 .5 3
3 .7 0
4 .0 7
3.7 9
-

64
11
22
13
70
42
13
9
20
7
8
-

3 .15
3 .66
3.8 8
4 .1 6
3 .47
3 .77
4 .1 0
4 .1 2
4 .9 8
3 .26
3.9 5
-

-

-

Table 4. Occupational averages: By size of establishment----Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s in W e s t C o a s t s a w m i l l s a n d l o g g i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
b y n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a n d r e g i o n , O c t o b e r 1969)
W e s t e r n P i n e r e g i o n —N o r th e r : d i s t r i c t

W e s t e r n P i n e r e g i o n —S o u th e r n d i s t r i c t

Redwood

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith —
O c c u p a t io n

20—99 w o r k e r s
Number Average
h o u r ly
of
w o rk ers earnings

1 0 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s
Number Average
h o u r ly
of
w orkers earnings

500 w o r k e r s
or m ore
Number Average
of
h o u r ly
w ork ers earnings

1 0 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s
Number Average
of
h o u r ly
w ork ers earnings

500 w o r k e r s
20—99 w o r k e r s
or m o r e
Number A verage Num ber A verage
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
w orkers earning s w orkers earnings

1 0 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s
Number A verage
of
h o u r ly
workers earnings

S a w m i l l s and p l a n i n g m i l l s — C o n tin u e d
L u m b e r p i l e r s , a ir d r y in g o r s t o r a g e ---------------L u m b e r p i l e r s , k i ln d r y i n g ------------------------------------M a c h i n i s t s , m a i n t e n a n c e ------------ ------------------------M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ---------------------------------------------M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ------------ ---------- ---------------O f f - b e a r e r s , h e a d r i g _______________________________
O f f - b e a r e r s , m a c h i n e ( o th e r
than b e a d rig )
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( f e e d o n ly ) ----------------------------------P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up and o p e r a t e ) ___________
P o n d m e n ------------ ----------------------- -------------------------------------S a w f i l e r s , b e n c h w o r k _______________________________
S a w f i l e r s , f i t t e r s and h e l p e r s ---- -----------------------S e tu p m e n , w o o d w o r k in g m a c h i n e ________________
S o r t e r s , d r y c h a in p u l l e r s --------------------------------------S n r t p r s , g r p p n rtia in p n l lp r s
S o r t e r s , p l a n e r c h a in p u l l e r s _____________________
T a l l e y m e n ______ ______________________________________
T r i m m e r m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------W a t c h m e n ______________________________________________

40
74
55

$3.61
3.4 8
2 .9 5

102
9
66
146
82

118
68
65
19
70
19

2. 30
2 .8 3
3 .4 4
2.9 1
4 .7 4
3 .3 8
-

10
63
66
75
38
88
7

-

-

-

$3.32
3 .6 3
3 .5 3
3 .6 8
3.1 0

31
23

$ 3.92
4 .1 8

61
20

4 .1 3
3.2 5

2.8 6
3 .1 4
3 .47
3.0 1
4 .9 5
3 .5 2
3.71

41
36
19
10
26
9

3.1 7
3 .6 3
3.21
4 .7 5
3 .5 7
3.61
3 .2 5
3 .1 2
3 .2 8
3.3 6
3 .02

-

194
120
17
89
63

2 .9 0
2 .8 0
3 .10
3 .0 8
2 .2 5

4 10
338
98
112
48

3 .1 5
2 .9 6
3 .2 2
3 .2 7
2 .6 3

72
279
90

3 .9 3
3 .9 3
3 .2 2

130
496

4 .7 0
5 .0 8

83
105
42
20
56
207

_

_

-

4 .0 0
4 .1 8
3 .8 3
3.4 9
5.0 9
5.9 1
_

118
111
26
34
21

9
50
57
210
101

$4.25
4 .0 9
4 .1 9
3 .3 0

11
87
74
37
60
56

3.11
3 .36
4 .1 0
3 .3 5
5 .31
3.71

-

-

174
288
327
136
113
74

3 .4 3
3 .9 0
3 .2 5
3.4 1
3.4 9
3 .1 3

55
128
134
12
39
2 23
24

4 .1 7
4 .1 9
3 .3 0
3 .5 2
4 .6 5
5 .9 2
3 .57

17
31
120
20
_
25

$ 4.24
4 .1 9
4 .2 0
3 .23
3 .27
-

-

7
18
-

5 .0 8
3 .67
-

98
35
20

3 .1 7
3 .3 2
3 .4 0

-

-

$3.31

7
6
46
28

4 .2 4
3 .9 4
4.0 1
3 .33

14
8
18
12
12
20

25
98
46

$3.72
4 .0 1
3 .16

33
31
_
30
13
_
2 72
108
26
60
37

3.51
4 .0 8
_
5 .1 3
3 .89
_
3 .1 2
3 .09
3 .2 9
3 .49
3 .0 5

26
165
76
40
26
16

-

3.2 8
3.41
4 .4 0
3.3 8
4 .9 4
3.7 7
_
3.8 7
3.5 6
3.2 3
3.5 0
3.6 7
2 .9 9

21
108
128

4 .4 1
4 .2 3
3 .7 0

36
63
89

4 .1 6
4 .1 8
3_ 4
.5

45
177
12

4 .3 8
8 .0 1
4 .1 8

43
97

4 .2 6
9 .4 7

L o g g in g
B u l l d o z e r o p e r a t o r s -------------------- -----------------------------C a t d r i v e r s , s k i d d i n g ------------------ -----------------------------C h o k e r m e n ----------- ------------------------------ --------------------------flu m p t r n r k r l r i v p r q
E n g i n e e r s , lo g l o a d i n g -------------------- -----------------------F a l l e r s and b u c k e r s , p o w e r -----------------------------------O rm in ri load ers
__
G r o u n d m e n , r i g g i n g ---------------------------------------------------H e a d 1o a d e r s
H ig h c l i m b e r s __________________________________________
H o o k t e n d e r s , h i g h l e a d -------------------------------------------L o g s c a l e r s ____________________________________________
M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ---------------------------------------------R e p a i r m e n , h e a v y e q u i p m e n t ______________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s , l o g g i n g _______________________________

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

o

-

-

°
p

**

-

-

a

-

-

0

p
p

-

h

p

18
20
81
248

3 .0 2
3 .2 2
3 .6 4
3 .3 4

69
139

3 .8 5
3 .8 3

3
a
a

b
P

o'

p

o

____1

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a te s h i f t s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a ddition to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:




D a s h e s i n d i c a t e no d ata r e p o r t e d or da ta that do not m e e t p u b l ic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

0

p
P

C
L
0

p

o
H

0 n
) >

-

-

b

-

-

cr

23
33
36
193

3 .7 2
3 .9 7
4 .3 5
3 .6 3

o

p

o'

p

_

_

_

_

_

-

14
-

7
8
-

25
130

-

4 .6 9
3 .99
-

4 .1 8
3 .5 0

3.9 2

12
24

4 .8 0
3.8 6

_

51
54

-

4 .0 4
3 .83

Table 5. Occupational averages: By labor-management contract coverage
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s i n W e s t C o a s t s a w m i l l s a n d l o g g i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c l a s s i f i e d by
l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t c o v e r a g e a n d r e g i o n , O c t o b e r 1969)
W estern P in e region—
W estern P in e region—
Redwood
Southern d istr ict
N orthern district,
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith —
N one or
N o n e or
N o n e or
None or
M ajority
M ajority
M ajority
M ajority
M ajority
m in o rity
m in o rity
m in o rity
m in ority
covered
covered
covered
covered
covered
covered 2
covered 2
covered 2
covered 2
Num ­ A ver­ Num ­ Aver­ Num ­ A ver­ Num ­ A ver­ Num ­ A ver­ N um ­ A ver­ Num ­ A ver­ Num ­ A ver­ Num ­ A ver­
age
ber
ber
age
age
ber
ber
age
age
ber
age
ber
age
ber
age
ber
ber
age
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
h o u r ly o f
of
o f h o u r ly
of
of
of
of
of
earn­ w ork­ earn­ w ork­ earn- w ork­ earn­
w ork­ earn­ w ork­ earn­ w ork­ earn ­ w ork­ earn ­ w ork­ earn­ w ork­
ers
ers
in g s
in g s
ers
in g s
ers
ings
ers
ers
in g s
in g s
in g s
ers
in g s
in g s
ers
ers
D o u g la s F i r r e g i o n

W est C oast

O c c u p a t io n

region
None or
m inority
covered 2
Num­ Aver­
ber
age
of h o u r ly
work­ earn­
ers
in g s _

S a w m ills and planing m ills
23 $4. 83
B a n d - h e a d - s a w o p e r a t o r s , c o n v e n t i o n a l ------------B a n d -h ead -saw op era tors, rid erless
383 4. 99
c a r r i a g e _______________________________________________
253 3. 52
B a r k e r o p e r a t o r s _____________________________________
22 3. 58
B l o c k s e t t e r s ___________________________________________
605 3. 40
C a r r i e r d r i v e r s _______________________________________
298 3. 18
C h ip p e r f e e d e r s - l o g t e n d e r s ________________________
C ircu la r-h ea d -sa w o p era tors,
24 4. 82
r i d e r l e s s c a r r i a g e ----------------------------------------------------804 3. 07
C l e a n u p m e n ____________________________________________
103 3. 40
C u t o f f - s a w o p e r a t o r s ________________________________
520 3. 74
E d g e r m e n _______________________________________________
338 4. 27
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e --------------------------------------E n d l i f t t r u c k o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------729 3. 4 0
148 3. 80
E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y _ _ __ --------------------------------363 3. 30
F i r e m e n , s ta t i o n a r y b o i l e r -------------------------------------237 3. 65
G r a d e r s , g r e e n c h a i n ________________________ ______
4 35 3 . 9 2
G r a d e r s , p l a n e d l u m b e r -------------------------------------------G r a d e r s , r o u g h d r y l u m b e r -------------------------------------159 4. 02
175 3. 96
G r a d e r s , s h i p p i n g -------------------------------------------------------183 3. 47
K i ln o p e r a t o r s _________________________________________
787 3. 54
L o a d e r s , c a r and t r u c k _____________________________
127 3. 27
L o g d e c k m e n ___________________________________________
326 4. 00
L o g h a n d li n g e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t o r s 2----------------------37 3. 71
U n d e r 1 5 t o n s ----------------------------------------------------------186 4. 03
15 to 50 t o n s ________________________________________
81 3. 94
50 to n s a n d o v e r -----------------------------------------------------104 3. 57
L u m b e r p i l e r s , a i r d r y in g o r s t o r a g e ----------------278 3. 40
L u m b e r p i l e r s , k i ln d r y i n g --------------------------- ------204 4. 24
M a c h i n i s t s , m a i n t e n a n c e -----------------------------------------304 4. 07
M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ----------------------------------------------M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e -------------------------------------------- 1 , 0 5 3 4. 18
349 3. 30
O f f - b e a r e r s , h e a d r i g -----------------------------------------------O ff-b e a r e r s , m a ch in e (oth er
279 3. 25
th a n h e a d r i g ) -------------------------------------------------------------370 3. 28
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s (f e e d o n l y ) -----------------------------------320 3. 90
P l a n e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up a n d o p e r a t e ) ----------------344 3. 28
P o n d m e n _________________________________________________
227 4. 96
S a w f i l e r s , b e n c h w o r k -----------------------------------------------307 3. 71
S a w f i l e r s , f i t t e r s a n d h e l p e r s -------------------------------S e tu p m e n , w o o d w o r k in g m a c h i n e -------------------------49 3. 76
275 3. 40
S o r t e r s , d r y c h a in p u l l e r s --------------------------------------S o r t e r s , g r e e n c h a in p u l l e r s ----------------------------------- 2 , 0 9 4 3. 32
S o r t e r s , p l a n e r c h a in p u l l e r s --------------------------------- 1 , 4 2 7 3. 14
4 65 3. 37
T a l l e y m e n -----------------------------------------------------------------------502 3 .4 7
T r i m m e r m e n -----------------------------------------------------------------307 3. 07
W a t c h m e n - g u a r d s ---------------------------------------------------------

S ee footnotes a t end of tab le .




23 $4. 72

15 $4. 81

395
313
19
4 40
294

4.
3.
3.
3.
3.

67
43
70
32
17

120
125
14
283
150

5.
3.
3.
3.
3.

51
589
162
463
88
673
18
161
273
294
72
152
88
525
148
378
57
239
60
128
287
74
169
533
372

4. 32
3. 04
3. 28
3. 66
4. 07
3. 43
3. 57
3. 19
3. 74
3. 98
3. 92
3. 98
3. 79
3. 81
3. 26
3. 57
3. 54
3. 57
3 .4 6
3. 81
3. 94
3. 83
3. 65
3. 80
3. 21

24
353
44
2 10
124
278
59
123
112
145
35
42
48
284
64
137
27
80
10
60
126
103
77
525
140

4. 82
3. 09
3. 39
3. 73
4. 31
3. 43
4. 01
3. 37
3. 57
3. 82
3. 78
3. 80
3. 69
3. 43
3. 31
4. 06
3. 76
4. 08
3. 96
3. 29
3. 37
4. 27
4. 17
4. 21
3. 36
3. 26
3. 29
4. 09
3. 35
4 . 77
3. 80
3. 72
3. 20
3. 19
3. 17
3. 41
3. 55
3. 09

306
278
283
323
283
134
227
1 ,7 5 7
1 ,0 24
265
438
191

2.
3.
3.
3.
4.
3.
-

84
35
90
31
86
64

3. 57
3. 28
3. 23
3 .4 2
3. 39
2. 72

201
171
120
191
103
114
16
41
1, 179
6 10
150
221
126

08
56
59
45
24

_

_

_

.

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

133 $4. 89
130 3. 50
217 3. 44
147 3. 27

114
45
142
62

$4. 75
3. 40
3. 26
3. 05

106
104
87
53

$4. 35
3. 15
2. 92
2. 79

129
77
141
86

$5. 14
3. 51
3. 45
3. 17

80
35
87
34

$4. 87
3. 66
3. 39
3. 18

76
44
49
60

$4. 49
3. 74
3. 38
3. 24

30
249
57
165
24
227
45
116
98
18
98
32
125
68
117
82
98
12
50
198
171

4. 95
3. 15
3. 48
3. 88
4. 48
3. 53
3. 37
3. 78
4. 22
4 . 13
4. 20
4. 25
4 . 28
3. 39
3. 81
3. 79
4. 76
4. 14
3. 71
3. 90
3. 33

122
_
141
81
159
51
100
38
124
92
60
216
20
101
34
60
103
32
108
163
78

2. 98
3. 62
4. 16
3. 25
3. 54
3. 10
3. 36
3. 62
3. 87
3. 35
3. 35
3. 11
3. 77
3. 64
3. 89
3. 42
4 . 03
3. 91
3. 96
3. 21

21
94
57
137
14
169
9
48
20
63
47
28
199
24
142

3. 4 2
2. 67
2. 84
3. 22
3. 49
3. 24
3. 46
2. 99
3. 22
3. 35
3. 49
3. 47
3. 45
2. 92
3. 16
3. 14
3. 23
3. 19

244
32
141
116
229
34
136
55
145
103
41
75
235
31
88

3. 07
3. 49
3. 85
4. 31
3. 48
3. 77
3. 37
3. 90
4. 27
4. 18
4. 32
3. 41
3. 69
3. 21
4. 16

103
85
15
150
57
35
65
21
22
139
28
82

3. 03
3. 86
4. 20
3. 44
3. 21
3. 88
4. 24
4. 16
3 .4 7
3. 81
3. 10
3. 81

55
118
79

3. 40
3. 40
2. 92

143
39
76
35
127
102
68
20
6
62
28
37
14
29
32
32
140
66

3. 07
3. 60
3. 78
3. 96
3. 51
3. 75
3 .9 6
3. 95
4. 08
3. 99
3. 40
3. 83
3. 99
3. 80
3. 80
3. 78
3. 87
3. 20

134
96
105
209
101
42
81
8 53
4 89
111
179
39

3. 24
3. 71
4 . 03
3. 41
4 . 93
3. 78
3. 81
3. 26
3. 30
3. 51
3. 49
3. 26

23
83
91
86
42
98
16

2.
3.
3.
3.
4.
3.
3.

98
13
53
09
92
55
65

118 '
89
76
27
76
35
-

2. 30
2. 93
3. 45
2. 85
4. 74
3. 38
-

23
01
26
31
93

264
212
38
103
69

20
37
50
51
45
30
66
4 09
166
59
82
48

3. 30
3. 40
4. 16
3. 26
4. 79
3. 73
3. 57
3. 34
3. 14
3. 43
3. 53
2. 90

-

458
357
103
132
63

-

3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

-

79
42
134
-

-

-

-

2.
2.
3.
3.
2.

87
87
09
08
13

-

72
11
63
102
312
109
-

98
96
53
65
75
10
174
304
412
166
127
98

-

-

-

4. 17
4. 20
4. 28
4. 20
4. 23
3. 26

64
20
32
77
56

3. 73
4. 09
3. 85
4. 04
3. 22

3. 33
4. 07
3. 28
5. 25
3. 75
3. 88
3. 41
3. 92
3. 22
3. 36
3. 45
3. 07

56
52
36
61
27
74
231
157
57
74
35

3. 39
4. 07
3. 19
4. 95
3. 65
3. 33
3. 74
3. 60
3 .4 5
3 .4 2
3. 04

1
P
P
X
cD
3
<
3
r*
3>
ct

r+

T)
e
cr
o'
p
o'
3
ni
►
p

Table 5. Occupational averages: By labor-management contract coverage----Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s in W e s t C o a s t s a w m i l l s a n d l o g g i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c l a s s i f i e d by
l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t c o v e r a g e a n d r e g i o n , O c t o b e r 1969)
W estern P in e region—
W estern P in e region—
N orthern district
Southern d istr ict
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith —
N o n e or
N one or
None or
N one or
N o n e or
Maji o r ity
M ajority
M ajority
M ajority
M ajority
m ini Drity
m in ority
m in ority
m inority
m inority
c ow e r e d
covered
covered
covered
covered
cove red 2
covered 2
covered 2
covered 2
covered 2
N um ­ A ver­ N um ­ A v er­ N u m ­ A v er­ N u m ­ A v er­ N u m ­ Aver - Num - A v er­ Num - A v er­ N u m ­ A v er­ N u m ­ A v er­ N um ­ A v er­
a ge
ber
age
ber
ber
age
age
ber
ber
age
ber
age
ber
age
ber
age
ber
age
ber
age
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
of
h o u r ly
of
o f h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly o f
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
o f h o u r ly
o f h o u r ly
w ork­ earn­ w ork­ earn- w ork­ earn­ w ork­ earn ­ w ork­ ea rn ­ w ork­ earn ­ w ork­ earn ­ w ork­ earn ­ w ork­ earn­ w ork­ earn ­
ers
ings
ers
ers
in g s
in g s
ers
in g s
ers
ers
ers
in g s
in g s
ers
in g s
in§ s
ings
ers
ers
in g s
W e st C o a s t

O ccupation

T q& g in£
B u l l d o z e r o p e r a t o r s __________________________________
4 03 $4. 15
C a t d r i v e r s , s k i d d i n g . _____________________________
4 90 4. 17
C h o k e r m e n _____________________________________________ 1 , 289 3. 50
Dump truckdrivers _
..
254 3. 78
E n g i n e e r s . l o e l o a d in g __ _ .......
.............
4 73 4. 63
F a l l e r s a nd b u c k e r s , p o w e r _______________________ 1 ,8 2 1 5. 70
G r o u n d l o a d e r s ________________________________________
172 3. 79
G r o u n d m e n . r ip p in g
94 3. 86
H e a d l o a d e r s ___________________________________________
102 4. 26
H ig h c l i m b e r s . _
... . .
33 4. 84
H o o k t e n d e r s , hiph l e a d
280 5. 14
L o g s c a l e r s ____________________________________________
196 3. 77
M e c h a n i c s . a u t o m o t i v e ..
133 4. 19
R e p a irm e n , heavv eq u ip m en t..
_ ........... .
547 4. 23
T r u c k d r i v e r s . l o p a in a
... .
1 ,7 2 9 3. 86

371 $4. 33
841 4. 16
1 ,0 7 7 3. 60
180 3. 59
557 4. 54
1 , 5 6 9 6. 25
134 3. 93
67 3. 99
51 4. 39
15 5. 12
224 5. 09
33 3. 57
85 3. 53
307 3. 90
1 , 4 1 3 3. 60

D o u g la s F i r r e g i o n

256 $4. 19
202 4. 33
936 3. 54
223 3. 82
351 4. 62
1 , 3 3 8 5. 19
138 3. 80
62 4. 03
88 4. 29
27 5. 04
268 5. 14
89 3. 98
92 4. 20
421 4. 26
1 , 3 3 3 3. 86

189 $4. 55
251 4. 39
682 3. 73
157 3. 62
311 4. 50
540 6. 57
91 4. 07
64 4. 02
47 4. 40
15 5. 12
202 5. 10
.
_
4 4 3. 66
137 4. 04
7 86 3. 76

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c lu d e s da ta fo r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
N O T E : D a s h e s i n d i c a t e no d ata r e p o r t e d o r da ta that do not m e e t p u b l ic a t io n c r i t e r i a .




_
_
71 $4. 26
56 3. 62
_
_
_
_
131 5. 93
_
_
_
_
_
_
36
_
53
66

_
3. 38
_
4. 06
4 . 09

96 $4. 00
313 3. 94
80 3. 10
15 3. 30
158 4. 74
572 5. 19
_
_
_

_

_
23
97
321

_

_
3. 26
3. 56
3. 37

65 $4. 15
165 3. 92
227 3. 32
14 3. 52
65 4. 54
293 7. 09
23 3. 68
22 3. 46

_

52
38
48
285

_
3. 65
4. 16
4. 21
3. 81

52 $4. 19
158 4. 19
168 3. 30
29
242
27

4. 37
6. 31
3. 52

12
22
167

3. 28
4. 30
3, 32

23 $4. 29
52 4. 26
70 3. 56

34 $4. 23
119 4. 19
147 3. 67

29
59

4. 36
9. 77

59
215
12

4. 30
8. 19
3. 94

12
19

5. 04
3. 88

7
13

4. 27
3. 91

25
45

4. 23
3. 81

51
139

4. 02
3. 52




Table 6. Method of wage payment

(P e r c e n t o f p r o d u ctio n w o r k e r s in W est C o a st sa w m ills and lo g g in g by m eth od of w age p a y m e n t1 by r e g io n , O cto b er 1969)
L o g g in g

S a w m ills and p la n in g m il ls
M e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s --------

W e st
C oast

D o u g la s
F ir
r e g io n
100

100

W e s te r n P in e r e g io n
N o r th e r n
d is tr ic t

S o u th e r n
d is tr ic t

100

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s -----------------------F o r m a l p la n s ----------------------------S in g le r a te ----------------------------R a n g e o f r a t e s -----------------------In d iv id u a l r a t e s ---------------------------

97
95
92
3
2

98
98
98
-

98
98
98
-

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s __________________
I n d iv id u a l p ie c e w o r k ___________
G rou p p i e c e w o r k ________________
I n d iv id u a l b o n u s --------------------------G rou p b o n u s ______________________

3
1
1
1
(2)

2
1
1
(2 )

2
1
1
(*)
(2 )

100
96
88
86
2
9
4
1
2
1

R ed w o o d
r e g io n

W est
C oast

D o u g la s
F ir
r e g io n

W e s te r n P in e r e g io n
N o r th e r n
d is tr ic t

S o u th e r n
d is tr ic t

R e d w ood
r e g io n

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
92
73
19
"

88
85
78
6
3

96
93
87
6
2

58
58
58
“
~

88
79
70
9
9

83
83
65
18

8
(2)
3
5

12
6
6
1

4
1
2
1

42
22
18
1

12
5
7

17
14
4

1 F o r d e f in it io n s o f m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t p la n s ; s e e a p p e n d ix A.
2 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , su m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m a y not e q u a l t o ta ls .

Table 7. Minimum entrance and job rates: Cleanup men
(D is t r ib u tio n o f W e s t C o a s t s a w m ills and p la n in g m ills s tu d ie d b y l o w e s t e n tr a n c e and job r a t e s e s t a b l i s h e d fo r c le a n u p m e n and r e g io n , O c to b e r 1969)
W e s te r n P in e r e g io n
w est c o a st

D o u g la s F i r r e g io n
N o r th e r n d i s t r i c t

M in im u m

tsl

S o u th e r n d i s t r i c t

tc
N u m b e r o f s a w m ills w ith ---E n tr a n c e
r a te s

Job
r a te s

E n tr a n c e
r a te s

Job
r a te s

E n tr a n c e
r a te s

Job
r a te s

E n tr a n c e
r a te s

Job
r a te s

E n tr a n c e
r a te s
S a w m ills and p la n in g m il ls
s t u d ie d ______________________
S a w m ills and p la n in g m i l l s h a v in g
an e s t a b l i s h e d m in i m u m -------------U n d er $ 2 . 3 0 ____________________
$ 2 . 3 0 and u n d er $ 2 . 4 0 ________
$ 2 . 4 0 and u n d er $ 2 . 5 0 -----------$ 2. 50 and u n d er $ 2 . 6 0 ________
$ 2 . 6 0 and unde r $ 2 . 7 0 ________
$ 2 . 70 and u n d er $ 2 . 8 0 ________
$ 2 . 80 and u n d er $ 2 . 90 ______
$ 2 . 9 0 and u n d er $ 3. 0 0 ________
$ 3. 00 and u n d er $ 3. 1 0 -----------$ 3 . 1 0 and unde r $ 3 . 2 0 -----------$ 3. 20 and u n d er $ 3. 3 0 -----------$ 3 . 3 0 and o v e r ________________
S a w m ills and p la n in g m i l l s not
h ir in g c le a n u p m e n ---------------------

Job
r a te s

143

143

48

48

37

37

35

35

23

23

129
1
2
4
2
6
3
20
51
24
11
5

129
1
2
4
2
6
3
20
51
24
11
5

46

46

-

-

-

-

31
1
1

-

-

31
1
-

31
1
-

21
-

-

-

-

1
1
1
20
14
6
3

4
1
5
1
12
6
-

-

1
1
1
20
14
6
3

31
1
1
4
1
5
1
12
6
-

2
19
6
3
-

2
19
6
3
-

1
1
5
6
4
2
2

21
1
1
5
6
4
2
2

14

14

2

2

6

6

4

4

2

2

-

Table 8. Scheduled weekly hours

Table 9. Shift-differential practices

( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in W e s t C o a s t s a w m ills and p la n in g m il ls by s c h e d u le d w e e k ly
h o u r s of d a y - s h if t w o r k e r s 1 and r e g io n , O cto b e r 1969)

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on la te s h ift s in W e st C o a s t s a w m ills and p lan in g
m i l l s by a m o u n t o f p a y d if f e r e n t ia l and r e g io n , O c to b e r 1969)

S a w m ills and p la n in g m il ls

W e st
C oast

S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l
W e ste r n P in e r e g io n

W e st
C oast

D o u g la s
F ir
r e g io n

A ll w o r k e r s __________________

100

100

100

100

100

h o u r s _____________________________
h o u r s -____________________________
hours
___________________________
h o u r s _____________________________

99
1

97
3

100
-

100

-

-

100
’

-

"

W e e k ly h o u r s

40
45
48
60

“

N o r th e r n
d is tr ic t

S o u th e r n
d is tr ic t

~

R ed w o o d
r e g io n

40
45
48
60

hours
hours
hours
hours

-

________________

100

100

100

100

100

____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________

96
2
1
1

95
2
2
1

90
10
-

100
-

100
-

-

-

-

W o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th ir d o r
o th e r la te s h i f t s ______________________
R e c e iv in g s h ift d i f f e r e n t ia l ____
U n ifo r m c e n ts p e r h o u r _______
7 c e n t s ________________________
8 c e n t s _____________________ _
9 c e n t s ________________________
10 c e n ts ---------------------------------1 1 c e n ts ---------------------------------12 c e n ts
____________________
R e c e iv in g no s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l __

1

20. 0
18. 7
18. 7

26. 9
24. 1
24. 1

_
_
-

23. 0
2 1 .7
2 1 .7
. 1
. 2
. 8
. 1
3. 6
2. 9
3. 5
10. 6

_

25. 1
25. 1
25. 1
. 3

1. 0
1 .6

1. 1

1 .4

_
. 3

2. 6

3. 8
9. 0

7. 4
3. 0
13. 0

10. 1
6. 6

_
_

_
_

2.
3.
1.
11.

6
0
6
5

_

8. 7
_

-

_

_
_

2

1. 3

2. 8

1. 2
. 9
.9
. 2
. 1
. 5
. 1
. 3

. 4
. 4
. 4

2. 0
2. 0

1.

( l )

_
. 2
. 2

"

3. 3
.

9
_
_
_

1. 2
_

1. 3

Table 10. Paid holidays

S a w m ills and p la n in g m il ls
W e s te r n P in e r e g io n

W est
C o a st

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------

100

100

100

R e c e iv in g p a id h o lid a y s __________
2 d a y s ____________________________
3 d a y s -------------------- -------------------4 d a y s _________________________ —
5 d a y s ------------------------------------------6 d a y s _______________ ___ _____ _
7 Hays
_
7 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ---------------8 d a y s -------------------------------------------

91
1
2
11

86
3
12

96
3
10

72

67

1

-

5

5

9

14

R e c e iv in g no p a id h o lid a y s 1 -----------

C)

L o g g in g
R ed w o o d
r e g io n

W e st
C oast

D o u g la s
F ir
r e g io n

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

95
3
2
7

90
14

78
3
7

73
-

6

83

64

7
53

3
6

-

12

3

53
4
22
27
“

68
1
2

73

72
2
1
( 1)
9
58
3

4

5

10

28

22

47

32

N o r th e r n
d is tr ic t

-

S o u th e r n
d is tr ic t

.
.
.

8
8
8
_
_
_
_

. 7
. 1

-

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n ot eq u al t o ta ls .

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in W e st C o a st s a w m ills and lo g g in g w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r p a id h o lid a y s b y r e g io n , O c to b e r 1969)

D o u g la s
F ir
r e g io n

2 1 .2
2 1 .2
2 1 .2
_
-

-

L e s s than . 05 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

N u m b e r of p aid h o lid a y s

R edw ood
r e g io n

S ou th ern
d i s t r ic t

.

5
_

-

T h ir d o r o th e r la te s h ift

1 D a ta r e la t e to the p r e d o m in a n t w o r k s c h e d u le fo r f u ll- t im e d a y - s h if t e m p lo y e e s in e a c h
e s ta b l i s h m e n t .




W e s te r n P in e r e g io n
N o r th e r n
d is tr ic t

S e c o n d s h ift
W o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on s e c o n d
s h i f t --------------------------------------------------- _
R e c e iv in g s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l _____
U n ifo r m c e n ts p e r h our _____
3 c e n t s ______________________
4 c e n t s ______________________
5 c e n t s ______________________
6 c e n ts ____________________
7 c e n t s _______ ______________
8 c e n t s -----------------------------------9 c e n t s ________________________
10 c e n ts ____________________
11 c e n ts ____________________
12 c e n ts ____________________
R e c e iv in g no s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l __

L ogging
A ll w o r k e r s

D o u g la s
F ir
r e g io n

66

-

W e s te r n P in e r e g io n
N o r th e r n
d is tr ic t

S o u th e r n
d is tr ic t

59
-

R ed w ood
r e g io n

13
27

. 2
. 2
. 2
_
_

_

_
. 2
_

“

Table 11. Paid vacations

(P e r c e n t of p rod u ctio n w o r k e r s in W est C o a st sa w m ills and lo g g in g w ith fo rm a l p r o v isio n s for paid v a c a tio n s a fter s e le c te d p e r io d s of s e r v ic e b y r e g io n , O cto b er 1969)
S a w m ills and p la n in g m i l l s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________________________________________________

W e st
C oast

D o u g la s
F ir
r e g io n

100

L o g g in g

W e s te r n P in e r e g io n

R ed w o o d
r e g io n

W est
C oast

D o u g la s
F ir
r e g io n

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
98
2

92
92
8

91
91
9

80
80
20

88
88
12

64
64
36

69
69
31

75
75
25

9
-

-

14
3

50
-

9
( 2)

7
1

-

11
-

41
_

94
-

95
3

87
5

88
4

1
78
1

2
86

64

-

-

_
60
9

_
75
_

-

N o r th e rn
d is tr ic t

S o u th e r n
d is tr ic t

100

100

94
94
6

94
94
6

13
1
92
2

W e s te r n P in e r e g io n
N o r th e r n
d is tr ic t

S o u th e r n
d is tr ic t

R edw ood
r e g io n

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id v a c a tio n s ________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t im e p a y m e n t ____________________________________________________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n ts ________________________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g no p a id v a c a t i o n s --------------------------------------------A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n pa y 1
A fte r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d er 1 w e e k _________________________________________________________________________
1 w eek
_ ....
_
___ _
_ __
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e :
U n d er 1 w e e k _________________________________________________________________________
1 w e e k _____________________________________________________________________________ __
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________________________________________
A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d er 1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k _________________________________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________ __
2 w e e k s _ ______________________________________________________________________________
A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d er 1 w e e k _________________________________________________________________________
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------- ------- —
A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d er 1 w e e k _________________________________________________________________________
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________________________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d er 1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ —
2 w e e k s --------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w eeks
__________________________________________________________________________ __
A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________________ -_______________________
1 w e e k _ _______________________________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________________________________
A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d er 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________________________ _______
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------4 \YP#^ks
_
__
__ __
A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e r v i c e : 3
U n d er 1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ______________________________'___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________________ ____________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________________________________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
10 y e a r s
2
3

87
(2)
7

94
-

92
6

78
_
14

73
3
16

1
75
( Z)
4

2
83
_
3

64
_
-

58
_
11

_
65
3
7

12
( 2)
82
-

16
78
-

14
85
-

_
6
86
-

3
3
86
-

1
10
( 2)
67
2

2
6
_
77
3

_
35
_
29
_

_
2
_
68
_

_
8
3
64
_

11
82
1

16
75
2

14
85
-

6
86
-

91
-

1
10
68
2

2
6
77
3

_
35
29
_

2
68
-

_
3
73
_

1
51
42

1
44
49

3
54
42

-

-

-

-

-

61
30

1
( 2)
22
57

-

56
36

12
73

43
21

32
37

39
34

-

1
12
42
39

1
14
28
50

3
10
49
36

9
47
36

15
62
14

1
(2)
8
18
53

2
7
11
68

18
25
21

4
28
37

3
2
47
24

1
12
42
39

1
14
28
50

3
10
49
36

7
49
36

15
62
14

1
( 2)
7
19
54

2
7
11
68

_
14
25
24

2
30
37

3
2
47
24

-

1
(2)
7
16
3
53

-

-

-

-

-

7
11

14
24
6
21

2
21
9
37

3
2
34
13
24

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
12
34
8
38

1
14
24
6
49

3
10
46
4
36

-

-

7
33
16
36

15
50
12
14

P e r io d s of s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r il y c h o s e n and do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v is io n fo r p r o g r e s s i o n .
m a y in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
V a c a tio n p r o v i s i o n s w e r e v i r t u a l ly the s a m e a fte r lo n g e r p e r io d s of s e r v i c e .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,




s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n ot eq u a l t o ta ls .

2

2

-

68

-

F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r tio n s in d ic a te d at

Table 12. Health, insurance, and retirement plans

(P e r c e n t of p r o d u ctio n w o r k e r s in W est C o a st sa w m ills and lo g g in g w ith sp e c ifie d h ea lth , in su r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s by r e g io n , O cto b er 1969)
S a w m ills and p la n in g m il ls
T yp e o f p la n 1

A ll w o r k e r s

___________________________________________

W e s te r n P in e r e g io n

W e st
C oast

D o u g la s
F ir
r e g io n

100

100

100

100

94
71
23
90
68
22

95
84
11
95
84
11

93
28
65
87
28
59

57
54
39
15
3
94
68
27
94
68
27
94
68
27
58
42
16
69
63

85
79
74
5
7
93
84
9
93
84
9
93
84
9
46
36
9

72
72
16
55
95
16
78
95
16
78
95
16
78
48
11
37
61
60
1
1
1
-

N o r th e r n
d is tr ic t

L o g g in g
W e st
C o a st

D o u g la s
F ir
r e g io n

100

100

100

100

100

100

93
80
13
86
73
13

97
95
2
86
85
2

87
72
15
80
67
13

91
86
5
83
81
2

81
19
62
77
19
58

79
68
12
72
62
9

84
74
10
77
67
10

17
17
17

59
58
49
9
1
87
68
19
87
68
19
87
68
19
50

73
72
69
4
1
90
83
7
90
83

58
58
21
37
82
4
78
82
4
78
82

19
19
19
82
79
3
82
79

~

9
9
9
97
79
18
97
79
18
97
79
18
97
79
18
71
58
13
-

61
50
11
-

9
9
9
_
84
58
26
84
58
26
84
58
26
84
58
26
68
56
12
"

5

3

18

16

S o u th e r n
d is tr ic t

R ed w o o d
r e g io n

W e s te r n P in e r e g io n
N o r th e r n
d is tr ic t

S o u th e r n
d is tr ic t

R edw ood
r e g io n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r f i n a n c e d -------------------------------------------------------J o in tly f i n a n c e d ------------------------------------------------------------A c c id e n ta l d e a th and d is m e m b e r m e n t in s u r a n c e ________
E m p lo y e r f in a n c e d ----------------------------------------------------J o in tly fin a n c e d -----------------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r s ic k le a v e or
b o t h 2 ______________________________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e --------------------------------E m p lo y e r f in a n c e d ------------------------------------------------J o in tly f in a n c e d ____________________________________
S ic k l e a v e (fu ll p a y , no w a itin g p e r io d ) -------------------S ic k l e a v e (p a r tia l p a y o r w a itin g p e r i o d ) ----------------H o s p it a liz a tio n in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r f i n a n c e d ____________________________________
J o in tly f in a n c e d -----------------------------------------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ___________________________________
J o in tly f in a n c e d ______________________________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e _________________________________________
E m p lo y e r f in a n c e d
___________________________________
J o in tly f in a n c e d -----------------------------------------------------------M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e _______________________________
E m p lo y e r f in a n c e d ------------------------------------------------------J o in tly f in a n c e d -----------------------------------------------------------R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ----------------------------- -----------------------------E m p lo y e r f in a n c e d ------------------------------------------------------J o in tly fin a n c e d _______________________________________
R e t ir e m e n t s e v e r a n c e p la n --------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r f in a n c e d ------------------------------------------------------J o in tly fin a n c e d _______________________________________
No p la n s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

6

4
4
"
4

66

63

3
7
7

4

3

-

95
87
8
95
87

8

95
87

8

69
65
5
82
70
12
4
4

33

17
69

7

90
83

7

39
32

7

66
3
( 3)
(3)
-

79
79
-

10

6

3

82
79

4

3

78
71

57
54

4
66

3

37
32
4
2

2
"

15
.

1 I n c lu d e s o n ly th o s e p la n s fo r w h ic h at l e a s t p a rt o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p lo y e r and e x c lu d e s l e g a l ly r e q u ir e d p la n s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n and s o c ia l
s e c u r it y ; h o w e v e r , th o s e p la n s r e q u ir e d b y S ta te te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w e r e in c lu d e d if the e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te d m o r e th a n is l e g a lly r e q u ir e d o r th e e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e b e n e f its in e x c e s s o f the le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts .
2 U n d u p lic a te d to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a te ly .
3 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




N O T E : B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t e q u a l to t a ls .




Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey
Scope of survey
T h e

s u r v e y

g a g e d
in

in

t h e

Establishment definition

in c lu d e d

t h e

e s t a b lis h m

f o llo w in g

1 9 6 7

e d it io n

o f

f f ic e

o f

M

1 .
2 4 2 1 ) :
lo g s

M

a n d

lu m

a n a g e m

ills

a n d
ills

s a w in g

b o lt s

b e r ,

e n t

s a w m

G e n e r a l

o r

a s

b y

e n ­

A n

d e f in e d

t h e

lu m

b e r

e s t a b lis h m

f in e d

a s

a

a ls o

b e r

m

a n d

a n d

a n d

ills

t im

(S I C

b e r

f lit c h e s

s o f t w

m

ills

c o m

b in e d

w it h

s a w m

ills ;

a n d

p la n in g

m

ills

w h ic h

a r e

e n g a g e d

c u t

s u r f a c e d

o f

lu m

lu m

b e r .

b e r

a n d

a r e

a r ily

e n g a g e d

in

s a w in g

la t h

w o r k in g s

e s t a b lis h m

a n d

t o b a c c o

m

L o g g in g

h o g s h e a d

ills

c a m

a r e

in c lu d e d

2 .

L o g g in g

2 4 1 1 ) :

C a m p s

r o u n d ,
m

h e w n ,

e n t s

r a ilr o a d

s t o c k

w h ic h

in

t h is

c a m

p s

c u t t in g

o r

a n d

c o m

t ie s ,

s n o w

b in e d

b e r

t h e

u n it s

s u c h

T h e
s t u d ie d
a t e d

b v

s t u d ie d ,

c o m

c e n t r a l

b e r

o f

t h e

t o

b e
a r e

L o g g in g
s if ie d

a s

n u m

a n d

a n d

in

t h e

s h o w n

in

w e ll

t h e

p r o d u c in g
o r

w

a n d

s a w m

a

w a g e

T h e

r o u g h ,

e n t s

a s s e m

f ie ld

s t a f f .

b a s is .
c o s t ,

T o

te r m

b u lle t in ,

m

a u x ilia r y

a

T h e

g r e a te r

t a b lis h m

e n t s

p r o p r ia t e

w e ig h t s .

f o r e ,

a s

t im

e

o f

t h e

w o r k e r s

e n g a g e d

e x e c u t iv e ,

a n d

u t iliz e d

e s t i­

f ir m

b e r

p a y r o ll

t a b le .

in

w e r e
’s

w e r e

p e r io d

D a t a
e n t s

lo g g in g

o n ly

t o

A ll
a ll

t h o s e

r e f e r e n c e

o f

f o r

c la s ­

a n d

o w n




w it h in

t h e

g e n e r a l

la b o r

g u id e

f o r c e

p la n n in g
t h e

t o

in c lu d e d

n e c e s s a r y

u s e
in

o f

lis t s

t o

o f

a d v a n c e

s it e ,
p u lp

a s

a

e n g a g e d

e .g .,
m

w o r k e r s ,”
f o r e m

in

b o x ,

e s t a b ­

o f

w e r e
in

u s e d
a ll

n o n o f f ic e

t h e

w o r k

s e c o n d a r y

A

d ­

t e c h n ic a l
e m

f o r c e

p lo y e e s ,
o n

A ls o

v e n e e r

t h e

e x c lu d e d

a c t iv it y

a n d

t h is

f u n c t io n s .
a n d

e x c lu d e d .

o o d

in

n o n s u p e r -

c o n s t r u c t io n

s e p a r a t e

p ly w

a s
a n d

e n

p r o f e s s io n a l

f o r c e - a c c o u n t

p r o p e r t ie s ,

w o r k e r s

p la n t

a t

t h e

o p e r a t io n s ;

a k in g .

t h a n

c o m

b in in g

w e r e

a t e s

e s t a b lis h m
t h e

u n iv e r s e

a r e

o f

in im

p r e s e n t e d ,
in

in im

u m

t h e

n u m

e s ­

j o b

t h e r e ­

a t

e n t

s a m

e r ic a l

s c a le

im

e

t h e

p a r t - t im
w e r e

o c c u p a t io n s .

23

in t e r a r e a
( S e e

e ,

n o t

b a s e d

t o

B

w e r e

b e g in n e r s ,
t e m

p o r a r y ,

r e p o r t e d

in

o r k in g

t h e

u n if o r m

f o r

in
o f

o f

d u t ie s
t h e s e

j o b

f o r

t h e ir

c o lle c t iv e
t h e

e n t ir e

s u p e r v is o r s ,

t r a in e e s ,
a n d

in

c h o s e n

u s e f u ln e s s

W

a

a c c o u n t

v a r ia t io n s

a p p e n d ix

t h e ir

o n

t a k e

r e p r e s e n t a t iv e n e s s

in d u s t r y .

le a r n e r s ,

w a s

d e s ig n e d

o c c u p a t io n s

t h e ir

w o r k e r s

d a ta .

j o b .

p o r t a n c e ,

c a p p e d ,

t h e

a n d

T h e

o r

in

p r e n t ic e s ,

in d u s t r y ,

s iz e

t h e

b a r g a in in g ,

a p ­

c la s s if ic a t io n

d e s c r ip t io n s

d e s c r ip t io n s .)

d a ta ,

t h e ir

j o b

w it h in

p le
u m

s m a ll

t h e

g iv e n

e n t s
m

s a m

m

o f

in t e r e s t a b lis h m

B u r e a u
a

a t

la r g e

e n t s

e s t im

t h e

a

o p e r a t io n s

o f

o n

a c c u r a c y

I n

b e lo w

v is it s

c o n d u c t e d

o f

e s t a b lis h m

r e la t in g

e x c lu d in g

w a s

s t u d ie d .

a ll

t h e

c o n s id e r a b ly

w o r k in g

w h o

t h e

p e r s o n a l

p r o p o r t io n

h o w e v e r ,

o f

“ p r o d u c t io n

a c t u a lly

e s t a b lis h m

t h o s e

a p p r o p r ia t e

w a s

a s

Occupations selected for study

b y

s u r v e y

w o r k e r s

s t u d ie d .

in c lu d e s

in is t r a t iv e ,

s e t

o b t a in

o f

r e q u ir e s

b le d

p e r io d

T h e

s a w

ills .

o b t a in e d

b e r

in t e n d e d

a d v a n c e

s u r v e y

O c c u p a t io n a l

w e r e

o n e

( S I C

Method of study
D a t a

n u m
a r e

p o s it io n

n u m

t h e

f o llo w in g

a n d

c o m

w o r k e r s

a n d

a s

in

o f

s a w ­

o o d

s e p a r a t e

d u r in g

w o r k e r s

2 4 1 1

t h e

p e r s o n n e l,

in d u s t r y

b o t h

w it h

a s

c o n s is t

in

o f f ic e s .
e n t s

a y

f e n c e

w it h

c o n t r a c t o r s

f o r e s t

w e r e

e s t a b lis h m

in d u s t r y

b in e d

p a r ts

B u r e a u ,

in c lu d e s

in

b o t h

m

o r e .

s t u d y

s u r v e y .

a k e

v is o r y
f r o m

w h ic h

n e c e s s a r ily

Production workers

lo g g in g

p r im a r y

w e r e

n o t

o r

in d u s t r y .
a n d

t im

r iv e n

a r e

is

p r i­

a t e r ia ls .
E x c lu d e d

m

p s

o f

t h e

s iz e

p a y r o ll
la t h .

a t e s

o f

lis h m
p r o d u c in g

d e ­

in

m
m

e n t

is

illin g

o p e r a t io n s

L o g g in g

p a n y ,

s t u d y ,
s a w m

s e p a r a t e ly
p r im a r ily

s t a n d a r d

I n c lu d e d

c o m
m

t h is

w h e r e

Employment

in
p a t t e r n s

e d .

e s t a b lis h m

t h e
o r

o f

lo c a t io n

s t o c k ;

t h e
p r o d u c in g

A n

e n t

p u r p o s e s

f r o m

s c o p e
o p e r a t e d

f o r

p h y s ic a l

p e r f o r m

w it h

E s t im
p la n in g

a r e

in c lu d e d .

e s t a b lis h m

in t o

o o d

e n t ,

s in g le

o p e r a t io n s

U .S .

id e n t ic a l

p la n in g

c a n t s

lu m

a r ily

B u d g e t :

r o u g h

b o x

p r e p a r e d

a n d

r e s a w in g

in c lu d in g

p r im

a c t iv it ie s ,

S ta n d a r d I n d u s tr i a l C la ss i­

t h e

f i c a t i o n M a n u a l ( S I C M a n u a l),
O

e n t s

in d u s t r ia l

a n d

a p ­

h a n d i­

p r o b a t io n a r y
d a t a

f o r

s e le c t e d

Table A-1 Estimated number of establishments and production workers in the West Coast sawmills and
logging, also number studied by region, October 1969
Number of establishments2
Region1

Workers in establishments

Within scope
of study

Studied

Within scope
of study

Total West C o a st.............

909

255

71,156

37,227

Sawmills ...........................................
Douglas f i r ...................................
Western pine:
Northern d is tric t....................
Southern d is tric t....................
R edw ood.....................................
Lo gging..............................................
Douglas f i r ...................................
Western pine:
Northern district ..................
Southern district ..................
R edw ood.....................................

547
219

143
48

49,632
20,335

25,129
9,117

146
119
63
362
202

37
35
23
112
48

11,974
11,046
6,277
21,524
13,496

6,316
5,333
4,363
12,098
7,429

79
56
25

26
23
15

3,411
3,080
1,537

1,576
1,869
1,224

Studied

D o u g la s F i r : A re a s o f W a s h in g to n a n d O re g o n , w e s t o f th e Cascade M o u n ta in s . W e s te rn P in e — N o r th e r n d is t r ic t : A re a o f W a sh ­
in g to n east o f th e C ascade M o u n ta in s ; Id a h o a n d M o n ta n a ; a n d th e O re g o n C o u n tie s o f B a k e r, G illia m , M o r r o w , S h e rm a n , U m a tila ,
U n io n , W a llo w a , a n d W asco. W e ste rn P in e — S o u th e rn d is t r i c t : T h e O re g o n C o u n tie s o f C r o o k , D e s c h u te s , G ra n t, H a rn e y , J e ffe rs o n ,
K la m a th , L a k e , M a lh e u r, a n d W h e e le r; th e S ta te o f C a lifo r n ia e x c e p tin g th e C o u n tie s o f D el N o r te , H u m b o ld t, M a rin , M e n d o c in o ,

---------------

and S o n o m a . R e d w o o d : T h e C a lifo r n ia C o u n tie s o f D el N o r te , H u m b o ld t, M a r in , M e n d o c in o , a n d S o n o m a .
2
In c lu d e s o n ly e s ta b lis h m e n ts w it h 2 0 w o rk e rs o r m o re a t th e tim e o f re fe re n c e o f th e u n iv e rs e d a ta .

Method o f wage payment

Wage data
I n f o r m

a t io n

o n

w a g e s

r e la t e s

t o

s t r a ig h t - t im

e

f o r

e

h o u r ly
T a b u la t io n s

e a r n in g s ,

e x c lu d in g

p r e m

iu m

p a y

o v e r t im

t h e
f o r

w o r k

o n

w e e k e n d s ,

h o lid a y s ,

a n d

la t e

n u m

p a y m

e n t s ,

s u c h

a s

t h o s e

r e s u lt in g

o r

p r o d u c t io n

b o n u s

s y s t e m

in c e n t iv e

s ,

a n d

t im

p a y ;

w e r e

b u t

in c lu d e d

a s

p a r t

n o n p r o d u c t io n

o f

b o n u s

t h e

r a te s
a

f o r

s u c h

a s

e n t s

C h r is tm a s

o r

fa lle r s

y e a r e n d ,
a n d

w e r e

b u c k e r s

f o r m

o r

m

a ls o

a r s h a llin g
e x c lu d e d

a r e a

p a y

f r o m

r a te

w e r e

h o u r ly

r a te s

c a lc u la t e d

s a w

r e n t a ls ,

f o r e s t

s t r a ig h t - t im
o r

b y

e a r n in g s

w e ig h t in g

e a r n in g s )

b y

t h e

n u m

b e r

A

e

e m

r a te

r a t e ,

t o t a lin g ,

s in g le
is

a n d

T h e

d iv id in g

h o u r ly

f o r
e a c h

o f
b y

e a r n in g s

o b t a in e d

b y

d iv id in g

j o b

t o

a l

r a th e r

t h a n

e a c h
r a te

e

r a te

s t r u c t u r e s

r a te s

c a t e g o r ie s .

I n

o r

a

t h e

r a n g e

a b s e n c e

p a y

r a te s
o f

a r e

t h e

d e t e r m

in e d

in d iv id u a l

t h e
o f

n u m

o n e

in

w

h ic h

w o r k e r s

t h e

in

t h e

w o r k e r s
w h ic h

m

L e a r n e r s ,

a y

b e

p a id

a p p r e n t ic e s ,

a c c o r d in g

t o

o r

p r o ­

r a te

o c c u p a ­

it

t h e

s t a r t

w o r k e r s

t o

b e lo w

t h e

a c h ie v e

s in g le

t h e

f u ll

r a te

j o b

a n d

r a te

p e r ­

o v e r

a

r e c e iv in g
b e r

s a la r ie d
e

is

e x p e r ie n c e d

( o r

w o r k e r s

s t r a ig h t - t im

a c t u a l

a l

s in g le

s t r u c t u r e

a ll

c la s s if ic a t io n .

o f

t im

e .

I n d iv id u a l

e x p e r ie n c e d

w o r k e r s

o f
m

a y

b e

p a id

a b o v e

o r

b e lo w

t h e

s in g le

w o r k e r s

s a la r y

f o r

s p e c ia l

r e a s o n s ,

b u t

s u c h

p a y m

e n t s

a r e

e x ­

b y
c e p t io n s .

n o r m

t o

t im

e a r n in g s .

r a te
w e r e

j o b

r a te

p a id

o c c a s io n a lly
in d iv id u a ls .

r e la t e

p lo y e e s

h o u r ly

p e r io d
t h e

e n t

v a r io u s

a n d

m
h o u r ly

F o r m

q u a lif ic a t io n s

s c h e d u le s

A v e r a g e

s .

p r o v id e

s t r u c t u r e ,

t h e

b a t io n a r y

t io n

p a y m
t h e

e x c lu d e d .

f o r

f o r

s y s t e m

w o r k e r s

in d iv id u a l

b y

s a m e

tr a v e l

w a g e

a l

s a m e

w e r e

w a g e
u n d e r

e n t s ,

w o r k e r .
t o

o f

p a id

w o r k e r s ’

p a y m

p r im a r ily

P a y m

e t h o d

c o s t - o f -

o f

b o n u s e s ,

r e g u la r

m

w o r k e r s

e - r a t e d

o f
liv in g

o f

f r o m
f o r

p ie c e w o r k

b e r

s h if t s .
a n d

I n c e n t iv e

b y

a n d

R a n g e

o f

r a te

p la n s

a r e

t h o s e

in

w h ic h

h o u r s .
t h e

m

in im

u m

o r

m

w o r k e r s

f o r

r a te s

in d iv id u a l

t h e

a x im

s a m

e

u m

j o b

r a te s
a r e

p a id

e x p e r ie n c e d

s p e c if ie d .

S p e c if ic

Labor-management agreements
S e p a r a t e
f o r

w a g e

e s t a b lis h m

d u c t io n
t r a c t s ,

e n t s

w o r k e r s
a n d

w o r k e r s

d a t a

( 2 )

c o v e r e d

a r e

w it h

( 1 )

c o v e r e d

n o n e
b y

o r

p r e s e n t e d ,

b y

m

a j o r it y

la b o r - m

o f

m

in o r it y

o f

a n a g e m

e n t

t h e

d e t e r m

p o s s ib le ,

t h e

a n a g e m

la b o r - m




a

a

w h e r e

e n t

o f

in e d

b in a t io n

p r o ­

s e r v ic e .

c o n ­

w o r k

p r o d u c t io n ,

a

c o n t r a c t s .

24

o r

o f

b y

m

e r it ,

v a r io u s

I n c e n t iv e
b o n u s

p r e d e t e r m

w o r k e r s

in e d

le n g t h

c o n c e p t s

w o r k e r s

p la n s .
r a te

w it h in

a r e

p a id

r a n g e

o f

s e r v ic e ,

o f

m

e r it

c la s s if ie d

P ie c e w o r k
is

t h e

f o r

is
e a c h

o r

a n d

a

u n it

a y

c o m

le n g t h

u n d e r

w o r k

m

f o r
o f

b e
­
o f

p ie c e ­
w h ic h
o u t p u t .

P r o d u c t io n
q u o t a

o r

b o n u s e s

f o r

s ta n d a r d

t im

c o m

a r e

b a s e d

p le t io n

o f

o n

a

p r o d u c t io n

t a s k

in

le s s

o v e r

H e a l th , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s .

a

t h a n

p r e s e n t e d

e .

m

e n t
is

b o r n e

g r a m s

M

in im

u m

e n t r a n c e
a l

r a te s

r a te s

p r e s e n t e d

e s t a b lis h e d

f o r

r e fe r

t o

t o

t h e

e n

in

lo w e s t

w o r k e r s

in

s a w m

f o r m

t h is

b a t io n a r y

ills .

a l

M

r a te s

s u p e r a n n u a t e d

a f t e r

S p e c ia l

w o r k e r s

u m

j o b

e s t a b lis h e d

o c c u p a t io n

p e r io d .

in im

w e r e

a r e

t h o s e

f o r

c o m
f r o m

p lo y e r

o r

a

p r o ­

h a n d ic a p p e d

f u n d

f u ll- t im

e

t h e

a n d

w o r k e r s

o n

it e d

w o r k
t h e

s c h e d u le

d a y

f o r

t h e

s h if t .

is

o n
o r

w o r k e r s

e m

p lo y e d

o n

a t

t h e

t im

e

o f

t h e

b a s is

h a lf

o r

lis h m
a ll

m

o f

t h e

t h e

o f - s e r v ic e
p o r t io n

in

p o r a r y

f o r

lo g g in g

e s t im

t h e

( lo g g in g

w o r k e r s

in

c a m

a n d

p s

lim

p la n s ,

it e d

P a id

T h e

f o r

o f

t h e

m

a l
e

e m

o f f

f o r

c o m

r e f le c t

m

c h a n g e s

w h ic h

t h o s e

F o r
a t

o f

a t

a s

e n t s

w e e k ly

m

e r c ia l
b y

f u n d s

t h e

o r

a

m

m

f r o m

le a s t

a

lif e

t o

a d e

d ir e c t ly
b a s is

I n f o r m

w h ic h

p a r t

is

w h ic h

o n t h ly

d is a b ilit y .
p la n s

o f

u n d e r

a r e

o r

f o r m

in s u r a n c e

o f

in s u r a n c e

a t io n

t h e

t h e

d is a b ilit y

e m

­

c o s t .

c o n t r ib u t io n s .

p lo y e r

o f

p a id

w h ic h

s ic k

le a v e

p r o v id e

la w s

in

p la n s

f u ll

C a lif o r n ia

p a y

a r e

o r

a

lim

it e d

t o

p r o p o r t io n

1 0

o c c u r r e d

y e a r s

t o

m

a n n u a lly .

g r a n t e d

a r e

p le ,

t o

ills .

p la n s
in f o r m

a t

t h e

o f

b e t w e e n

a l

t h e

t h e y

m

5

a n d

e d ic a l

e n t

in g

p r o ­

m

b o t h

h a v in g
p a y .

e m

e n t s

t ir e m

a y

o r

e n t

fu ll

25

o r

n o

w a it in g
p a y

b o t h

p a r tia l

p a y

c o m

o r

m

o r

f o r

f e e s .

S u c h

e r c ia l

n o r m

o f

in s u r ­

o r

t h e y

o f

w e r e

t h e

c o v e r a g e

p la n s

p - s u m

n u m

b e r

p - s u m

a r e

p e n s io n

e n t

a n d

e n t s

o p t io n a l
lu m

p - s u m

c o n s id e r e d

a s

a

it e d
p a y ­
D a t a

e n t

p a y

p e r io d

o f

E s t a b lis h ­

w e r e
lu m

lim

lif e .

r e t ir e m

e n t .

p a y m

r e t ir e m

t o

o f

r e g u la r

o v e r

r e t ir e m

e it h e r

e n t ,

p e n s i o n e r ’s

lu m

h a v in g

d e s ig n e d

in v o lv in g

p la n s .

r e t ir e m

o n

o n

e n t s

a l

p e n s io n

f o r

e n t

p la n s

in j u r y

e n t

lu m

c h o ic e

p e n s io n

p e n s io n

p r o v id in g

o r g a n iz a t io n ,

u p o n

p lo y e e s

r e t ir e m

a

a

t h e

s p e c if ie d

p lo y e e s

J u r y -d u ty p a y .

1 0

b e e n

a c c o r d in g

p a r t ia l

d o c t o r s ’

s u r g ic a l

a in d e r

E s t a b lis h m

o r

p la n s

a n d

r e t ir e m

a

e m

e m

p lo y e e s

p a y m

e d ic a l,

r e m

p r o v id in g
t o

m

a n d

in c lu d e s

e x c e e d s

m

t o

a s

d o

p a y

o f

s ic k n e s s

s e p a r a t e ly

e n t

m a d e

e n t s

h a v e

p r o v id e d

e it h e r

b y

in s u r a n c e

p r o v id e ,

t h e

p a y m

t o

e n t

n o n p r o f it

f o r

o f

p r e s e n t e d

e )

w o r k

e n t s

s e lf - in s u r a n c e .

w h ic h

w h ic h

f o r

p a y m

a

o f

p lo y e e s

p e n s io n s

c h a n g e s

s e r v ic e

o r

f o r m
m

e m

e n t s

t im

T h e

e n t

a jo r

( o n e

p r e s e n t e d

b u t

p a n y
a

p la n s

a r e

f u ll

u n d e r w r it t e n

T a b u la t io n s

s a w m

r e la t e

b e

e x p e n s e

t h o s e

w it h

e s t a b lis h m

e x a m

a n

a r e

p r o v id in g

r e fe r s

p a r tia l

h o s p it a liz a t io n ,

S I C

s u p e r v is o r .

p r a c t ic e s ,

M
c o v e r

p r o v id e

p la n s

f r o m

a r r a n g e m

t a b u la t io n s

in s u r a n c e
o r

c o m
b e

a y

a b s e n c e

a l

p e r io d .

a y

a n c e

a n d
in

( 2 )

e d ic a l

m

p r o ­

d u r in g

in f o r m

w h ic h

a n d

m

p a y

illn e s s ;

p la n s

p le t e

p la n s

b e

v a c a t io n

d a t a

M

y e a r s .




c o m

o p e r a t in g

in s u r a n c e

s u c h

S e p a r a t e

w a it in g

c o m

o f

s e p a ­

e x c lu d in g

is

t h e

w h ic h
o n

a n d

b in e d

e n t s ,
p a y

o r

o f

( 1 )

t o

le n g t h -

a y

w o r k e r s

a r ie s

in d iv id u a l

in d ic a t e d

a

d ir e c t ly

e m

w o r k e r ’s

it t e d .

a

e s t a b ­

t h e

m

p r o v is io n s

w it h

p lo y e r

o f

e n t s ,

p r o v id e d

a r r a n g e m

s e r v ic e
o s t

ill

b o t h

c o m

m

t h e

p e r io d ,

c o n s id e r e d

t a b u la t e d

c o n t r a c t o r s )

s u m

p r o g r e s s io n .

p r o p o r t io n s

in c lu d e

t im

t h e

n e c e s s a r ily

v is io n s
in

o f

p e r io d s

r e p r e s e n t
n o t

f o r m

w h e r e b y

d is c r e t io n

s a w m

a n

w a s

b e n e f it s

w e r e

h o lid a y s

T h e

p la n s

t o

o n
t o

o n e - h a lf

B e c a u s e

t h e

h o lid a y

in

a p p lic a b le

r e q u ir e m

in c lu d e s
a n d

h a lf - d a y

t o

e n t .

D a t a

a p p lic a b le

t h a n

b e n e f it

o p e r a t io n s

P a id v a c a tio n s .
a r e

f e w e r

t h e

o f

s t a t is t ic a lly

w e r e

w o r k e r s

i f

r e c e iv in g

a t e d .

lo g g in g

t r e a t e d

c o n s id e r e d

e lig ib ilit y

w h ic h

P a id h o lid a y s .
f u ll- d a y

w e r e
ila r ly ,

c a t e g o r y

w o r k e r s

w e r e

e s t a b lis h m

w o r k e r s

t h a n

a l

o m

p r o v is io n s

c o v e r e d ,

o t h e r

b y

a c c id e n t

p a y m

a ll

r e q u ir e

b e c a u s e

p r o d u c t io n

S im

t h e

a n d

o f

s m a lle r

a l

b e n e f it s

w e r e

n o n e x is t e n t

2 4 1 1

f o r m

w o r k e r s .

w o r k e r s

r a t e ly

b e n e f it s

i f

o r e

e n t ,

s u c h

t h e

e n t a r y

t h a t

­

p la n s

s u r v e y .

Supplementary wage provisions
S u p p le m

c o m

t h e

t h e
p r o ­

la t e

o f

t h e

o f

a

c o n t r ib u t e s

n o t

f o r m
s h if t s

o f

o n ly

p u r p o s e .

a c c id e n t

f o r

T a b u la t io n s
t o

p a r t

e n ’s

o n g

p a id

in c lu d e d
a n d

c a s h

illn e s s

t e m

d o

t h is

a r e

t y p e

in e d

p r e s e n t e d

T h e

r e la t e

t h o s e

c u r r e n t

f o r

t h a t

in s u r e d

d u r in g

Shift practices
p r a c t ic e s

a n d

S ic k n e s s

t o

p lo y e r

S h if t

a

w o r k m
A m

u n d e r w r it t e n

h is

a s id e

p r e d e t e r m

in a n t

a s

s e c u r it y .

p a n y ,

b e n e f it s

in s u r a n c e .

e x c lu d e d .

p r e d o m

p r o d u c t io n

s e t

D e a t h

t o
t o

s u c h

o r

e x p e r ie n c e d

le a r n in g

Scheduled weekly hours
r e fe r

a ll

e x c lu d in g

a r e

r e t ir e ­

r e fe r

lim

D a t a

w h ic h
p lo y e r ,

D a t a

a n d

t h e

r a t e s

f o r

a n y

r a te s

la w ,

p e n s io n ,

in e x p e r ie n c e d

e m

m

e m

s o c ia l

in s u r a n c e
c le a n u p

f o r

t h e

b y

a n d

in c lu d e d
f o r m

in s u r a n c e ,

p la n s

b y

r e q u ir e d

p e n s a t io n

lo w e s t

h e a lt h ,

s e v e r a n c e

c o s t

Minimum rates

f o r

a n d
c o n s id e r e d

p - s u m

r e t ir e ­

p la n s

p r o v id ­

r e t ir e m

h a v in g

e n t

o n ly

r e ­

b e n e f it s .
D a t a
t o

e m

r e la te

t o

p lo y e e s

f o r m

a l

s e r v in g

p r o v is io n s
o n

j u r ie s .

fo r

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e
t o

p r im

a s s is t

m

e n t

a

t o

e n t

a n d

p r e p a r e d
is t s

m

t r a in e e s ,

o f

v a r ie t y

a y

e n t

d if f e r

o t h e r

p a y r o ll

a n d

f r o m

c o m

a r e a

p a r a b le

c o m

h a n d ic a p p e d ,

t o

I n

o f

t e m

p e r m

t h e s e

u s e

in

j o b

t h e

o f

e n t s

e m

in d iv id u a l

w

o f

t h e

p r o b a t io n a r y

is

e m

­

e s t a b lis h ­

o n

in t e r e s t a b ­

B u r e a u ’s

e s t a b lis h m

j o b

e n t s

B u r e a u ’s

a p p r e n t ic e s ,

a r e

o c c u p a t io n a l

p h a s is

t h e

s u r v e y s
h o

f r o m

g r o u p in g

t h is

d e s c r ip t io n s ,

a n d

w a g e

w o r k e r s

c o n t e n t ,

s u p e r v is o r s ,

p o r a r y ,

B u r e a u ’s

a r r a n g e m

it s

B e c a u s e

in

t h e

w o r k

o c c u p a t io n a l

t h o s e

w o r k in g
e ,

T h is

c o n t e n t .

a p p ly in g

p a r t - t im

f o r

o c c u p a t io n s

d if f e r e n t

a r e a .

j o b

f r o m

e x c lu d e

d e s c r ip t io n s
a p p r o p r ia t e

a n d

p a r a b ilit y

p u r p o s e s .
t o

j o b
in t o

t it le s

s ig n if ic a n t ly

in s t r u c t e d

a n d

p r e p a r in g

c la s s if y in g

in t e r a r e a

f o r

a r e

o f

in

r e p r e s e n t in g

s c r ip t io n s

o m

s t a f f

e s t a b lis h m

r a te s

lis h m

p u r p o s e

f ie ld

u n d e r

p lo y e d

w a g e

a r y

it s

o r

f ie ld

le a r n e r s ,

d e ­

t h o s e
e c o n ­

b e g in n e r s ,

w o r k e r s .

Logging
Bulldozer Operator

lo g

a n d

t a k e s

p o s it io n
O p e r a t e s

a

g a s o lin e -

o r

d ie s e l- p o w e r e d

a u t o m

o r

c r a w le r - t r e a d
m

u t e

e a r t h

in

in g

t r a ils ,

in

e t c .;

g r o u n d
in t o

t r a c t o r

o u n t e d

b y

t h e

o f

a

r e g u la t e s

f o r

c o n c a v e

c h a s s is

c o n s t r u c t io n

a d j u s t in g

p o s it io n

w it h

f r o n t

o f

h e ig h t

h a n d

o r

s t e e l

le v e l

r o a d s ,
o f

le v e r .

s k id d in g

t o

d is t r ib ­

la n d in g s ,

a y

m

h e a d

f r o m

o v e

s u c h

lo a d in g .

t r u c k

M

a y

a s

u s u a lly
f r o m

e q u ip p e d

c u t t in g

c h o k e r m

e n

w

it h

a r e a s

t o

o r
a

t o

d ie s e l- p o w e r e d

lo g g in g

lo a d in g

d e t e r m

in e

a r c h ,

t r a c t o r ,

t o

s k id

la n d in g s .

t h a t

c h o k e r

g o o d

t o

a y

b e

in

a ls o

le a s t

a s s is t

h a z a r d o u s

h o o k

in

c h a n g e s

o f

r ig g in g

o r

in

m

t e n d e r

o v in g .

d u m

b o d y

t o

o r

lo a d

p

d u m

b y

b y

a n d

w o r k in g

p

t o

m

t r a n s p o r t

c r u s h e d
lo a d

t u r n in g

t r u c k

e n t

t r u c k

g r a v e l,

b y

m

h a n d

h a n d

a k e

r o c k ,

m

o r

m

m

o n

s id e

e c h a n ic a l

r e p a ir s

a t e r ia l

d ir t .

a n ip u la t in g

c r a n k
b y

in o r

lo o s e

o r

t o

R a is e s
le v e r s
o f

in ­

t r u c k .

lo a d in g

k e e p

t r u c k

in

o r d e r .

lo g s

Engineer, Log Loading

O b s e r v e s

is

a

s a n d ,

c a b

e q u ip m
g a s o lin e -

r ig g e r

D r iv e s

lo g s

Cat Driver, Skidding
a

a s
M

Dump Truck Driver

s id e

O p e r a t e s

s o

o v e s .

y a r d ­

b la d e

a ls o

m

s c r a p e r

a n d

s c r a p e r
M

p o s it io n
lo g

o t iv e
a n d

b la d e

a

w h e n

a t t a c h e d

t o

( S h o v e l l o a d e r o p e r a t o r ; g r a p p l e lo a d e r o p e r a t o r ;
w in c h

c a b le

a n d

o p e r a t e s

w

in c h

t o

lif t

f o r w a r d

e n d

h e e l b o o m o p e r a to r ; h o is t o p e r a to r ; ja m m e r o p e r a to r )
o f

lo g

in t o

la n d in g .

a r c h .

M

a y

O p e r a t e s

u s e

t r a c t o r

r u b b e r - t ir e d

t o

s k id

lo g

t o

s k id d e r .

O p e r a t e s
la t in g
lo g s

f r o m

c a r s

Chokerman

o r

h e a d

(C h o k e r s e tte r ; c h o k e r)

m
F a s t e n s
c h a in )
in g

t o

c h o k e r s
lo g

la n d in g s

( n o o s e

o f

e n d s

b y

w h ic h

e it h e r

b y

h ig h

w ir e ,
lo g s

le a d

r o p e ,
a r e

c a b le

s k id d e d

r ig g in g

o r

a

le v e r s

p o w e r e d

t o

t h e

g r o u n d

t r u c k s .

lo a d e r s

a c h in e .

lo a d in g

m

c a b le s

c o n t r o l

a n d

o r

lo a d in g

O b s e r v e s

a n d

T h e

a c h in e

w h is t le

E n g in e e r

a n d
in

m

a y

w o r k

m

a n ip u ­

u s e d

t o

o n t o

la n d in g

lo a d e r s

g r o u n d

b y

b o o m

r a ilw a y

h a n d

h o is t

s ig n a ls

o p e r a t in g
a lo n e .

o r
t o

c a t

Faller and Bucker, Power

lo a d ­

d r iv e r s .

(B u c k e r, p o w e r ; fa lle r , p o w e r )
P ic k s

u p

a n o t h e r
o n e

e n d

F a s t e n s

c h o k e r
c h o k e r m
o f

lo g

n u b b in

a n d

d r a g s

a n .
t o
in t o

C le a r s
s lip

lo g

w it h

b r u s h

n u b b in

c h o k e r




t o

b e ll

o f
t o

a n d

a s s is t a n c e
d ir t

c h o k e r
f o r m

f r o m
u n d e r

n o o s e

o f
W

u n d e r

o r k in g

e q u ip m

lo g .

f e lle d

a r o u n d

26

e n t
t r e e s

a lo n e
t o

o r

f e ll

in t o

w

it h

t r e e s

lo g

in

p a r t n e r ,

u s e s

p o w e r s a w

c u t t in g

a r e a

a n d

le n g t h s .

t o

o f

lo a d in g

s a w

T h is
t h e

c la s s if ic a t io n

f a llin g

a n d /o r

h o w e v e r ,

in c lu d e s

b u c k in g

in c lu d e

w o r k e r s

w h o

o p e r a t io n s .

w o r k e r s

d o e s

s p e c i a li z e

w h o

Hook Tender, High Lead

p e r f o r m

I t

in

n o t ,

( 1 )

(F o r e m a n , H ig h -le a d s id e ; h e a d h o o k , h ig h - le a d

s e le c t ­

s id e )
in g

t r e e s

s id e

o f

t o

b e

t r e e s

c h o p p in g
c u t t in g

f e lle d

in

lim

t h e

b s

in t o

f r o m

lo g s

t h e

u n d e r s id e

t h e

lo g s

a n d

( 4 )

t o

a n d

f e lle d

p e e lin g
m

s k id d in g ;
a n d

in c id e n t a l

t o

b e

s m

t o

( 3 )

p e e lin g

t h e

m a jo r

e d

b a r k

le a d

f r o m

t h e

lo g s .

D ir e c t s
d o n k e y

f o r

c r o o k s

o v e r

fa lle r s

t h e

a n d

t h e m

s lig h t

lo g

b y

s a w in g

p r e p a r e

p u lp w o o d

p e r f o r m

t h e ir

u n d e r c u t t in g
( 2 )

o o t h in g

d r a g g in g
f r o m

o r

f a ll;

t r e e s

a n d

b a r k

a y

o f

lo g s

o f

f a c ilit a t e

o p e r a t io n s

n o t c h in g

d ir e c t io n

s id e ,

f r o m

in

e m

g r o u n d ;

t h e

p la c in g

e n g in e s ,
a n d

t h e

t h e

m

tr u c k s

b y

t r u c k

h a n d

d r iv e r ;

d e v ic e s ;
ir o n .

m

s ig n a ls

r e m

a y

R e c e iv e s

p la c e d

o n

o v e s

b r a n d

lo g s

t o

f r o m

h e a d

r a ilr o a d

lo a d in g
c h a in s ,

b y

o n

c a r s

o r

t h e

a n d

o t h e r

lo a d in g

w it h

w h e r e

a

s t ic k ,

e a s u r e m

c e r t a in

e n g in e e r

o r

s t r ik in g

in s t r u c t io n s

lo a d

o n

lo g

t o n g s ,

lo g s

in e s

e a s u r in g

s c a lin g

( S e c o n d lo a d e r ; h o o k e r )
o f

a n d
t im

lo g s

s h o u ld

in in g

in s t a llin g

r ig g in g

u s e d

t o

s e c u r in g

g u y

lin e s ,

a n d

a s s e m

a r e a .

a n d

W

e n d

b lin g

t im

b e r

o f

m

d ia m

o t h e r

b o o k

e t e r

in

o f

a n d

o n

e n d

c o n t a in

t im

a n

e a c h
t h e

m e a s u r in g

a r k e t a b le

t h a t

o r k

in v o lv e s

o f

t h e

s k y

c a b le s

p la c in g

lin e ,

t o

t h r o u g h

o b ile s ,

e n t .

a u t o m

t h e

W

lo g

lo g

o f

lo g .
in

e x c e s s

b y

w it h

d e v ic e ;

b e r

o f

o t o r t r u c k s

a

r e c o r d s

M

a y

a s ­

d e f e c t iv e

o f

lo g s

u n s o u n d

e q u ip m

s u c h

a n d

t r a c t o r s

o f

m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :

in v o lv e s

e q u ip m

b lin g

u s e

m

o r k

o t iv e

d is a s s e m

o r

s p e c ia liz e d

e n t

t o

e n t

d ia g n o s e

a n d

h a n d t o o ls

p e r f o r m

s o u r c e

o f

r e p a ir s

w r e n c h e s ,

a s

in g

e q u ip m

e n t

in

g a u g e s ,

d is a s s e m

b lin g

o r

f it t in g

a n d
r e p la c in g

b r o k e n

o r

d e f e c t iv e

p a r ts

f r o m

s t o c k ;

a n c h o r
g r in d in g

p s ,

o r

o f

e

a n d

y a r d

p a r ts );

s t u m

in

a u t o m

e s t a b lis h m

t r o u b le ;

c u t t in g

a c h in e r y .

b e r .

d r ills ,
t h e

v o lu m

t a p e ,

lo g s

( in v o lv in g

f r o m

m

r ig g in g

d ir e c t s

Mechanic, Automotive

b e

( S e c o n d r ig g e r )

lo g s

t h e

o u n t

r e j e c t

E x a m

in

a n d

lin e

A ls o

lo a d e r .

Groundman, Rigging

r ig g e r

r ig g in g

le n g t h

e n t s

a m

R e p a ir s

t h e

s k y

la n d in g .

a n d
h ig h -

b r a n d in g

a n

A s s is t s

b y

t h e

( L o g i n s p e c t o r ; s c a le r )

m

p la c in g

t o

lo g s

t h e

r ig g in g

o n

Log Scaler

b u c k e r s

d u t ie s .

D e t e r m

t h e

o f

t o

o f

o p e r a t io n s

T h e s e

a n d

Ground Loader

D ir e c t s

a r e a

r e p a ir s

t r a n s f e r

lo g g in g

y a r d in g

c u t t in g

e r g e n c y

a n d /o r

t h e

t h e

b lo c k s .

s t a llin g

a n d
t h e

n e c e s s a r y

Head Loader

b r a k e s

a d j u s t in g

v a r io u s

a d j u s t m

a n d

v a lv e s ;

a s s e m

e n t s ;

lig h t s ,

a n d

r e a s s e m

b lie s

a n d

in

t h e

a lin in g

t ig h t e n in g

b lin g

a n d /o r

v e h ic le

w h e e ls ,

b o d y

a n d

in ­

m

a k in g

a d j u s t in g

b o lt s .

( T o p lo a d e r )

Repairman, Heavy Equipment
R e s p o n s ib le

f o r

t h e

p r o p e r

p la c in g

o f

lo g s

o n

r a il­
R e p a ir s

w a y

c a r s

o r

t r u c k s .

W

o r k

in v o lv e s :

S e le c t in g

lo g s

h e a v y

r a ilw a y - t y p e
b e

lo a d e d ;

p o s it io n in g

f a s t e n in g

t o n g s ,

c h a in s ,

o r

d e v ic e s

a b o u t

e n g in e e r

lo g

w h ic h

is

t o

b e

lo a d e d ;

s ig n a lin g

is s io n s ,

lo g

is

t o

b e

h o is t e d ;

a n d

c r a w le r

o v e r s ,

o f

s e c o n d

lo a d e r s ,

g r o u n d m

e n

o r

a ir

a n d

a c t iv it ie s

d ie s e l

m

(H ig h rig g e r; t o p p e r ; t o p r ig g e r )

a t ic

a n d
a s

s p a r

t r e e s ,

t o

w h ic h

t a c h e d

r ig g in g

is

f o r

y a r d in g

in v o lv e s :

( h a u lin g )

C lim

b in g

lo g s

tr e e

f r o m

a n d

t h e

c u t t in g

a n d

t o p

a n d
o f
a n d

a t

f r o m

c le a r a n c e
g r o u n d
t o

d o n e d

t r e e ;

a p p r o p r ia t e

r ig g in g

b r a c e
s p a r

a b o v e

it .

a t t a c h in g
h e ig h t

g r o u n d ;

t o
M

t o

c u t t in g

p r e v e n t
a y

a ls o

r ig g in g

( c a b le s ,

p r o v id e

a d e q u a t e

a n d
m

r e m

d ir e c t in g

o v e m
o v e

e n t

o f

r ig g in g

c o m

t r a c t o r s ,

p o u n d

r o lle r s ,

tr a n s ­

g r a d e r s ,

p o w e r

s h o v e ls , lo a d e r s ,

p r e s s o r s .

W

o r k

h y d r a u lic

in v o lv e s :

p u m

O v e r h a u lin g

p s ,

g a s o lin e

e n g in e s ,

h e a v y - d u t y

a n d

c a b le

s t e e r in g

c h a s s is

in s t a llin g

a n d

a n d

s ,

a n d

lif t in g

b o d ie s ,

s p e c ia lly

c lu t c h e s ,

s y s t e m

a n d

d e s ig n e d

t r a n s m

is s io n s ,

h y d r a u lic ,

s y s t e m

s ;

a s s is t in g

a t t a c h m

p n e u ­

r e p a ir in g

in

e n t s

a n d

b u ild in g

o t iv e s ,

t r u c k s ,

a n d

o t h e r

e q u ip m

a n d

d ir e c t

t h e

e n t .

M

a y

f o r
d o

l o c o ­

e le c t r ic

a r e a .
g a s

w e ld in g

w o r k

o f

o n e

h e lp e r

o r

o r e .

p u lle y s ,

Truckdriver, Logging

s t r e n g t h

t h e
s p a r
f r o m

H a u ls

p la c in g
t r e e ,

la n d in g

a b a n ­

m

ill.

c h a in s

t r e e s .




w h e e le d

b r a n c h e s
m

e t c .)

d ie s e l- p o w e r e d

a t ­

a n d
o r k

a n d

lin k a g e s , b r a k in g

r e b u ild in g

m

W

c o m

c o n t r o l

t r e e s

a s

w it h

h o o k e r s .

High Climber

P r e p a r e s

s u c h

t r u c k s

d ir e c t ­
a n d

in g

e n t

o t iv e s ,

lo g ­
e a r t h m

w h e n

lo c o m

o t h e r
m

lo a d in g

e q u ip m

t o

27

lo g s
t o

A id s

o n

a

a n o t h e r ,
in

a r o u n d

tr a ile r
o r

lo a d in g
lo g s

o n

t o
a n d

t r u c k
a

f r o m

r iv e r ,

o r

u n lo a d in g

t r u c k .

o n e
a

lo g

lo g s

lo a d in g
p o n d
a n d

a t

a

f a s t e n s

Sawmills and Planing Mills
Barker Operator
O p e r a t e s
B a r k

m

w a t e r

a y

a

Cut-Off Saw Operator

p o w e r

b e

r e m

p r e s s u r e

b a r k e r

o v e d

o r

b y

b y

t o

r e m

o v e

s u b j e c t in g

r o t a t in g

b a r k

lo g s

c u r v e d

f r o m

t o

( C u t - o f f s a w o p e r a t o r , t r e a d le - o p e r a te d ; s w in g in g

lo g s .

c u t- o f f sa w o p e r a to r )

h e a v y

k n iv e s

t h a t

p la n e
O p e r a t e s

a w a y

b a r k

in

h ig h

s p e e d

o p e r a t io n .

M

t o
le v e r s ,

s w it c h e s ,

a n d

v a lv e s

t o

p o s it io n

lo g

in

m

c u t

a p p lie s

e it h e r

w a t e r

p r e s s u r e

o r

c u t t in g

w

h e a d

r e m

o v e
b s

b a r k ,

o r

o b s t r u c t io n
p e r f o r m

m

p o n e n t

d ir t ,

o t h e r

a n d

t o

p a s s a g e

a in t e n a n c e

p a r ts

r o c k s .

p r o j e c t io n s

f o r

o f
t o

S a w s

w h ic h
lo g s

m

o r

c h o p s

ig h t

b a r k e r

b y

m

r e m

o v a l

o f

M

c o m

a y

s t o c k

a s

s o

m

c a r r ia g e
o v e s

t h a t

c a r r ia g e

p a s s e s

t o w a r d
o v e s

le v e r

t o

c u t t in g

c a r r ia g e
e a c h

r e tu r n

c e n t e r

o f

s a w

a d j u s t

w h ic h

c a r r ia g e

a d v a n c e

t o

lo g

p o s it io n ;

a n d

o n

m

m

a k e

t o w a r d

a n d

s ig n a l
o f

t h ic k n e s s

le v e r

a c h in e

w id t h

p o s it io n

d e s ir e d

p u lls
o f

t o

h e a d

t o

o f

s a w ;

lo g s ;

o f

le v e r

p la n k s

b lo c k s
m

t o

b e s t

lo g

a r e
o v e s

t o

a

a d v a n c e s

fo r

lo g

a s

a f t e r

t h e

s iz e

a n o t h e r

t io n ;

m

w it h in

o v e s

t h e

le v e r s

lu m

b e r ;

lu m

b e r

s lu n g

d r iv e s

lu m

b e r

t o

t o

is

lu m

u s e d

b e r

D r iv e s

h o o k

a n d

t o

f o r

t h e

s

a

t r u c k
a n d

o n e
in t o

lif t

lo c a t io n

r e le a s e s

in

f r o m

a n

u lt i- b la d e d
n u m

e a c h
f e e d

b e r

e d g in g

o f

p la n k

r o lls

s ta n d a r d

( c a n t ) ;

a n d

u n it s ,

o u t

g u id e s

t r o u b le

w it h

in

s ta n d a r d

lo w e r in g

o f

g r o u n d .

t h e

o r

e le c t r ic a l
p u t a t io n s

e le c t r ic ia n ’s
s t r u m

Chipper Feeder— Hog Tender

h a n d
I n

e n t s .

e le c t r ic ia n

o r

o r

e q u ip m
a n d

g e n e r a l,

t h e

m

w o r k

r o u n d e d

u s in g

o f

t r a in in g

is s io n
la y ­

e n t ;

w o r k in g

r e q u ir e m

e a s u r in g

a
a n d

t h e

o f

t e s t in g

m

a n d

e n t s

v a r ie t y

in ­

a in t e n a n c e

e x p e r ie n c e ,

( C h i p p e r te n d e r ; c h i p p e r o p e r a t o r ; h o g f e e d e r )
u s u a lly
C o n t r o ls
t o

a

h o g

k e e p in g
m

e t a l

t o

m

f e e d

a n d /o r

c o n v e y o r s
c h ip p in g

c o n v e y o r s

o b j e c t s

f r e e

w h ic h

o f

a u t o m

( u s u a lly

m

b y

a c h in e .

D u t ie s

c o n g e s t io n
a t ic a lly

p u s h

a n d

s t o p

a c q u ir e d

e q u iv a le n t

b o t t o n )

t r a in in g

d e t e c t io n

in g
f r o m

a n d

b a r k ,
w o r k

c o n v e y o r s .

k e e p s
a n d

a r e a s

in

a n

o r d e r ly

w a s h r o o m

b o a r d
m

o r

e x p e r ie n c e .

a n

e n d

lif t

p ic k

t o

t h r o u g h o u t

c h ip s ,

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

u p ,

t r a n s p o r t ,

t r u c k

(a

c a r r ie r

o f

s p e c ia l

d e v ic e .

a n d

a r e a s

a l

d u e

Cleanup Man
C le a n s

f o r m

End-Lift Truck Operator

o v in g

c o n v e y o r

d e s ig n )

w o r k in g

a n d

a

in v o lv e
r e m

O p e r a t e s
e t a l

t h r o u g h

e n d s ,

a n u a lly ,

S w e e p s

w o r k




s .

c o n d it io n

D u t ie s

s a w d u s t ,

u s in g

v a r io u s

m

a n d

o t h e r

t y p e s

lu m b e r ;

ill

in v o lv e

f o o t

r e m

o v ­

d e v ic e
n a t e d

d e b r is

t o

o f h a n d

28

le v e r s
m

t o

o v e r

p la n t .
t o

m

W

o v e

a n ip u la t in g
e le v a t e

lo c a t io n ;

p r o p e r

lo a d

a r e a s .

t h e

t o
a n d

m

in t o

w h ic h

b e r ;

t h e

c le a r

a n ip u la t in g

t r u c k
m

b e r

O p e r a t in g

o p e r a t e

b y

b e r

lu m

p o s it io n

d r iv in g

lo a d ,
lu m

s t a c k

in v o lv e s :

t r u c k

le v e r s
lu m

r a is in g

h e ig h t
s t a c k ;

t h e

o r k

a n d

e a n s

s t a c k ;
le v e r s

­

o t o r s ,

d ia g n o s in g

lo a d

e n t ;

v a r ie t y

m

t r a n s m

e q u ip m

t o

a

d r a w in g s ,
a n d

e n t

e le c t r ic

t r a n s f o r m

b r e a k e r s ,

o t h e r

lo c a t in g

o f

o f

g e n e r a t o r s ,

s y s t e m

t o o ls

r e q u ir e s

s

r e la t in g

e le c t r ic a l

a n y

b lu e p r in t s ,

s u c h

e q u ip m

m ost o f

in v o lv e s

c ir c u it

s y s t e m

f r o m

s p e c if ic a t io n s ;

c o m

w ir in g

c o n t r o lle r s ,

w o r k in g

o r k

a s

o f

u t iliz a t io n

r e p a ir in g

s u c h

f u n c t io n s

r e p a ir

o r

W

o r

e n t ,

c o n d u it

o t h e r

o r

e n t .

I n s t a llin g

tr a d e

o r

d is t r ib u t io n

e q u ip m

e n t ;

e le c t r ic a l

a in t e n a n c e

e s t a b lis h m

e q u ip m

o f

o f

m

s w it c h b o a r d s ,

h e a r in g

p la c e
p o s i­

p ile s

le v e r s ,

m

u m

p la n k s .

v a r ie t y

g e n e r a t in g ,

e le c t r ic a l

e r s ,

lif t ,

f r o m

u n d e r

d e s ig n a t e d

u n d e r n e a t h ;

t h e

h ic h

o f

p la n t .

w h ic h

c a r r ie r

w

p ile s

o f

a x im

p o w e r e d

o f

in s t a lla t io n ,

e n e r g y

t r u c k

d e p o s it

m

b o a r d s

c o n t r o ls

t o

P e r f o r m

o f

o f
s p e c ia l

a n d

Electrician, Maintenance

c a r r ia g e .

a n d

k n o t s

in a t in g

o f f

c a r r ia g e

r o o m
e d g e

o n

c u t

Carrier Driver
O p e r a t e s

e lim

b la d e s

t h e

q u a lit y

a n d

a c c o r d in g

o f

o b t a in

a n d

a d j u s t s

b y

s p a c in g

t o

th e f o l l o w i n g :

t r a n s p o r t ,

a d v a n t a g e ,

d e f e c t s .

A d j u s t s

s a w y e r

c a r r ia g e

s a w

a n d

(E d g in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r , e d g e r o p e r a t o r )

( B l o c k p la c e r ; r a t c h e t s e t t e r ; s e t t e r )

h e a d

c u t - o f f

g r a d e s

Edgerman

r e p a ir .

lo g

le n g t h s ;

­

m

o n

t r e a d le - o p e r a t e d

d e s ir e d

a n

a c h in e .

Block Setter

R id e s

o r
t o

o f f

p r e s e n t

t h r o u g h

s t o c k

t o
o t h e r

lim

s w in g in g

o o d e n

a c h in e
c u t s

a n d

a

a n ip u la t e s

h a n d

a lo n g s id e
t h e

lif t in g

t o

d e s ig ­

o f

le v e r s ,

p o s it io n in g
t o

lo w e r

b e r

is

o n

s t a c k

t o

r e le a s e

e n d

p r o n g

w h e n

lu m

­

p la c e d .

Engineer, Stationary
O p e r a t e s
o p e r a t io n

a n d

o f

m

a in t a in s

s t a t io n a r y

a n d

m

e n g in e s

a y

a ls o

a n d

s u p e r v is e

e q u ip m

e n t

c h a in

p la n e d
s h ip p in g

d r y

lu m

lu m

b e r

b e r

Head-Saw Operator

t h e

( m

g r e e n
r o u g h

G r a d e r ,

a n d

G r a d e r ,
G r a d e r ,
G r a d e r ,

lu m b e r

e ­

(B a n d - h e a d - s a w o p e r a t o r ; c ir c u la r - h e a d -s a w o p e r a t o r ;
c h a n ic a l

o r

e le c t r ic a l)

t o

s u p p ly

t h e

e s t a b lis h m

e n t

in

h e a d s a w y e r ; s a w y e r , h e a d r ig )
w h ic h

e m

p lo y e d

w it h

c o n d it io n in g .

W

t a in in g

e n t

s o r s ,

e q u ip m

g e n e r a t o r s ,

fr ig e r a tin g
w a t e r

p s ;

m

o f

m

a s

o t o r s ,
e n t ,

h e a t ,

p t io n .

s t e a m

M

m

v e n t ila t in g

a n d

e n t

a n d

r ig

r e ­

k e e p in g

p e r a t u r e ,

s u p e r v is e

S u p e r v is e s

p r e s ­

t h e s e

a

fo r

o p e r ­

a

b o ile r s

r id e

u s e d

in

a

f a c t o r y ,

p la n t ,

o r

o t h e r

e s t a b lis h m

o n

o r

t o

e n t

t o

s u p p ly

f u r n is h

s t e a m

F e e d s

f u e l

t o

fir e

b y

h a n d

o il

b u r n e r ;

o r

r o u g h
t h e

o f

in im

.

M

a y

s a w

a d j u s t

w it h

a

o n

r e m

lo g

B lo c k

a s

o t e

c o n t r o l

s e t t e r s

b lo c k

n o t

o f

r id e r le s s c a r r ia g e

a

t y p e

h e a d

s a f e t y

s t o k e r ,

v a lv e s .

M

g a s ,

a y

o r

c le a n ,

o il,

o r

o p e r a t e s
c h e c k s

a s s is t

in

e q u ip m

w a g e

s t u d y

b y

t y p e

p u r p o s e s ,
o f

s a w

h e a d - s a w

o p e r a t e d

o p e r a t o r s

a s

in e s

o p e r a t o r ,

c o n v e n t io n a l

o p e r a t o r ,

r id e r le s s

a n d
c a r r ia g e

r e p a ir in g
o p e r a t o r ,

c o n v e n t io n a l

o p e r a t o r ,

r id e r le s s

e n t .

s o r t s

a c c o r d in g

t o

c o n v e y o r

m

ille d

d e s ig n a t e d

o r

r o u g h - s a w e d

s t a n d a r d s ;

b e lt

o r

is

a s

m

p la c e d

lu m

ille d

o n

lu m

t a b le ,

b e r ,

( D r y - k i ln o p e r a t o r )

b e r

e x ­
C o n t r o ls

a m

in e s

it

o n

a ll

s id e s

f o r

d e f e c t s ,

s u c h

a s

t h e

e d g e s ,

s t a in s ,

a n d

u n s a t is f a c t o r y

m

a c h in e

f a u lt y

p ie c e s

t o

w o r k e r s

w h o

d is p o s e

o f

t h e m

p e r f o r m

s a t is f a c t o r y

p ie c e s

t o

w o r k e r s

w h o

p la c e

p r o p e r

b in

o r

tr u c k ;

s o r t s

t h e m

in t o

d e t e r m

in e d

b y

t h e

p r e s e n c e

o f

c la s s e s

b le m

is h e s

lo a d in g

lo a d e d

s m

f o o t a g e

a ll
in

k n o t s ,
e a c h

o r

o f f - c o lo r in g ) .

p ie c e

a n d

r e c o r d

( s u c h

M

a y

e

t r u c k s

a d j u s t in g

e s t a b lis h m

e n t s ,

s e n d s

it

w it h

t o

t h e

a

t h e

n u m

g r a d e r

b e r

s o r t e r ,

t h a t

m a r k s

e a c h

w h o

in d ic a t e s

p la c e s

it

in

p le

N O T E :

P la n e d

b e

lu m

c e r t if ie d

b e r

b y

a n d

e it h e r

s h ip p in g
t h e

W

g r a d e

t h e

lu m

b e r

o n

D ir e c t in g

k iln

a n d

a n d

r e m

t r u c k s ,

p u s h ­

in t o

k iln s ,

a ls o

in

r e g u la t in g

o v in g
t h e

lu m

b e r

d r y in g

h e a t in g

a n d

s p r a y

v a lv e s ;

a ls o ,

p r o c e s s

in

t e s t in g

p ie c e s

o f

b e f o r e

lu m

b e r

a n d

f o r

a f t e r

m

c o m

o is t u r e
p le t e

c o n t e n t

o v e n

b y

d r y in g .

o r k e r
t h e

p r o p e r

W

d e t e r m

in e s

a n d

m

a in t a in s

s u it a b le

c o n d it io n s

a n d
k iln

b y

f r e q u e n t

c h e c k in g

w it h

t h e r m

o m

e t e r s

b in .
h y g r o m

e t e r s .

Log Deckman

g r a d e r s

e s te r n

h e a t e d

a r t if ic a lly )

s a t is f a c ­

it s

a n d

s h o u ld

o f

b e r

I n

in

p ie c e

id it y

lu m

s c a le

r e s u lt s .

W
t o r y

h u m

a s

w e ig h in g
s o m

g r e e n

s e a s o n in g ;

s a m

h o le s ,

b o a r d

s e a s o n

t o

w h ic h

b y
w o r n

a n d

( u s e d

m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :

in g

in

f o llo w in g
a r e

p e r a t u r e

t h e m
in g

in

k iln s

;
a s s is t in g

r o u t e s

o n

w o r k .
b y

R o u t e s

t e m

k n o t s ,
e n c lo s u r e s

f a u lt y

c a r r ia g e .

Kiln Operator

a n d

p a s s e s

o n

a r e

f o llo w s :

a

w a t e r

Grader, Lumber
E x a m

t h e

p r o ­

C ir c u la r -h e a d -s a w

r o o m

h e a d

in

C ir c u la r -h e a d -s a w
b o ile r

f o r

s a w .

B a n d - h e a d - s a w

e c h a n ic a l

lo g
h e a d

t h e

r e q u ir e d

B a n d - h e a d - s a w
m

s e t t e r s
o f

t y p e

b y

a s

e it h e r

a p p a r a t u s

o p e r a t e d

a r e

w o r k

w e ll

p o s it io n

r id e r le s s -c a r r ia g e

c a r r ia g e

is

o p e r a t e

r e q u ir in g

a n d
a

c ir c u la r -

e f f ic ie n t

p r o d u c t io n ,
u m

h e a d

a

lu m b b r ;

c r e w

h e a d

o r

o r

t o

in d u s t r ia l

c la s s if ie d
c e s s e s .

in

e n t ir e

s a w

p o w e r

h e a t ,

f o r

m

t h e

c a r r ia g e

s ig n a l,

lo g

in t o

r a te s
a

t y p e

lo g

o p e r a t o r .

F o r
p o w e r ,

t o

o f

b a n d - h e a d

lo g s

w a s t e

e q u ip p e d

a c t iv it ie s
a

a in t a in in g
h ig h

t h e

o p e r a t io n

g e n e r a t e

c u t s

m

a n d

p o s it io n in g
s a w

s t a t io n a r y

a n c e

c a r r ia g e

s a w

Fireman, Stationary Boiler

f o r

c o n v e n tio n a l

o r

d ir e c t s

o p e r a t in g

w h ic h

k e e p in g

w h o

p l o y i n g m o r e th a n o n e e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .

F ir e s

s a w ,

p e r f o r m

a n d

a n d

w h ile

r e s p o n s ib le

H e a d o r C h i e f E n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m ­

a t io n s .

c r e w

h e a d

b o ile r - f e d

r e p a ir s ;
t e m

a ir -

a in ­

c o m

b o ile r s

a ls o

o r

m

a ir

a c h in e r y ,

a y

a n d

e n g in e s ,

t u r b in e s ,

e q u ip m

o f

r e f r ig e r a t io n

O p e r a t in g

s t e a m

a k in g

o p e r a t io n

c o n s u m

p o w e r ,
in v o lv e s :

s u c h

e q u ip m

p u m

r e c o r d
f u e l

o r k

o o d

P r o ­

( D e c k m a n ; lo g h a n d le r s ; r a m p m a n ; s a w m i l l - d e c k
d u c t s

A s s o c ia t io n

(W

.W

.P .A .)

o r

b y

t h e

P a c if ic

L u m

b e r

la b o r e r )
I n s p e c t io n
d r y

B u r e a u

g r a d e r s

m

a y

( P .L .I .B .) .
o r

m

a y

n o t

G r e e n
b e

c h a in

a n d

r o u g h

c e r t if ie d .

A r r a n g e s
o r d e r

F o r

w a g e

c la s s if ie d

a s

s t u d y

p u r p o s e s ,

lu m

b e r

g r a d e r s

a r e

lo g s

f o llo w s :




f o r
f r o m

p o s it io n ,

29

lo g s

o n

s a w m

a c c e s s ib ilit y
c o n v e y o r ,
u s in g

a

t o
t r a m

c a n t

ill

lo g

d e c k

c a r r ia g e
c a r ,

h o o k ;

o r

o r

o f
m

in
h e a d

c o n v e n ie n t
s a w ;

o t o r t r u c k

g u id e s

lo a d s

r o lls

in t o
o f

lo g s

b e in g
t o

m

r o ll

o v e d
lo g s

b y

c r a n e

in t o

o r

d e r r ic k ,

p o s it io n .

M

a y

u s in g

a

c a n t

m

Machinist, Maintenance

e c h a n ic a l

o p e r a t e

h o o k

P r o d u c e s
e q u ip m

e n t

u s e d

in

p u llin g

lo g s

u p

a n

in c lin e

f r o m

m
p o n d

t h e

a n d

b a r k

o f

r e m

t h e

o v e

s t o n e s

lo g s

w

it h

o r

a

n a ils

p ic k

e m

o r

b e d d e d

e c h a n ic a l

W

lo g

r e p la c e m

e n t

p a r ts

o r k

e q u ip m

in

e n t

o p e r a t e d

Log Handling Equipment Operator

in s t r u c t io n s

a n d

w o r k ;

a

v a r ie t y

m

e a s u r in g

t o o ls

( P e t t i b o n e o p e r a t o r , m ic h ig a n o p e r a t o r , w a g o n e r

m

lo g

h a n d lin g

e t a l

m

e n t

t o

u n lo a d

lo g

s p e c ie s ,

s iz e

t r u c k s

a n d /o r

g o n d o la s

p r e c is io n

p a r ts

a n d

s o r t

o f

a n d

a n d

lo g .

M

a y

s t o r a g e

a r e a

t o

d e c k

s a w y e r

o r

m

w o r k s

a n d

in

“ d r y

in

d r o p

p o n d ”

a r e a

b a r k e r

b u t

m

m

o p e r a t o r s

p u r p o s e s ,

c la s s if ie d
1 5

1 5

t o

5 0

t o n

C o m

t o n

5 0

a y

b y

lo g

s iz e

h a n d lin g

e q u ip m

a n d

( c a p a c it y )

a s

c a p a c it y

o v e r

m

f it t in g

a c h in is t ’s
in
a

in

c o m

r a ilw a y

p a c t

t r a n s it

o r d e r .

o f

o r

o t h e r

t o

lo a d

s h ip m

c a r

o r

o r

f o r m

m

w h ic h

s k id s ,

w ill

p e r m
lo a d

f a s t e n in g s ,

o t o r t r u c k

o n

c h u t e s ,

s h if t

o r

r o p e s ,

lu m

t r u c k

b e r

a n d

lu m

p la c e s

m

t o

b e r

p r o ­

o f

in g

a n d

d a m

in

in

d e s ir e d

e t a l

s tr a p s

a llo w

u n lo a d

a k in g

u s t

g a u g e s ,

w o r k in g
b e r

a n d

t h e

s e le c t in g

r e q u ir e d
I n

f o r

g e n e r a l,

r e q u ir e s

a

r o u n d e d

u s u a lly

o r

a c q u ir e d

e q u iv a le n t

t r a in in g

o t o r

o t iv e

e q u ip m

t o

o r

a d j u s t in g
a s s e m

a d j u s t m

u s e

e n t

s u c h

s p e c ia liz e d

o f

d ia g n o s e

e n t

a n d

d e f e c t iv e

v a lv e s ;
b lie s

e n t s ;

o r

t r a c t o r s

t o

e q u ip m

b r o k e n

lig h t s ,

a n d

m o s t o f th e f o llo w ­

b lin g

v a r io u s

a n d

t r u c k s ,

r e a s s e m

in

t h e

a lin in g

b o d y

t o o ls

e q u ip m

e n t

b lin g

v e h ic le s

w h e e ls ,

t ig h t e n in g
h a n d

p e r ­

p a r ts

a s

in

b o lt s .

w r e n c h e s ,

d is a s s e m

­

p a r t s .

lif t

in g

in

in

la r g e

p u s h e s

S t a c k s

t o

a

t e a m

p ile s

s t a c k s

t h e m

lu m

e q u ip m

,

b e r

m

e n t ,

in c r e a s e

a ir

f o r

in t o

r o u g h - s a w e d

a ir

a n u a lly

s e p a r a t in g
c ir c u la t io n

or

d r y in g

s t e a m

- h e a t e d

o r

w it h

la y e r s
a n d

o r

m

lo a d s

k iln s
t h e

c la s s if ic a t io n

( w h o

w o r k s

o n

t h e

( w h o

w o r k s

o n

t o p

w a g e
a s

s t u d y

in c lu d e s
g r o u n d ) ,
o f

t h e

g r o u n d m
a n d

t o p m

a n
a n

o r
o r

m

m

e n t

a c h in e

p r e p a r in g

j a c k e r

f o r

t h e

s h o p ;
b e r

s t a c k e r s

f o llo w s :

r e a s s e m

L u m

b e r

p ile r ,

a ir -d r y in g

L u m

b e r

p ile r ,

a n d

k iln - d r y in g




o r

m

s t o r a g e

a

b r o k e n

p a r t
t o

b y
a

m

e x p e r ie n c e
o r

e c h a n ic a l

m

e c h a n ic a l
d is m

p e r f o r m
t o o ls
o r

in g

m

o f
m

f o r
m

a c h in e s ,

e c h a n ic

u s u a lly

f o r

o r

a n

it h

m
a ll

s

a
o f

a

o r

n e c e s ­
t h e

r o u n d e d

a n d

it e m
o f

a c h in e

g e n e r a l,

t h r o u g h

a in ly

f it t in g

r e p a ir s

a k in g

r e q u ir e s

m

d is ­

r e p a ir s ;

f r o m

m

t o

s e n d in g

m a jo r

I n

t r a in in g

w

m a jo r

f o r

a n d

a c q u ir e d

e q u iv a le n t

t h a t
a n d

p a r ts

o r d e r e d

o p e r a t io n .

e n t

p r o d u c t io n

s h o p

s h o p

p a r ts

o f

p a r t ly

r e p a ir s

t h e

a c h in e

o r

s c r a p in g

d e f e c t iv e

a c h in e

e n t

e q u ip m

a n t lin g

in

o r d e r in g
a

e q u ip m

m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

s p e c if ic a t io n s

b lin g
e n t s

a in t e n a n c e

p r e n t ic e s h ip

30

a n d

s t o c k ;

w r it t e n

a d j u s t m

a n d

h a n d

p r o d u c t io n

s a r y

a r e

o f

m

in v o lv e s

t r o u b le ;

a c h in e s

o f

lu m

o f

u s e

o r

o r k

a c h in e s

f r o m

b o o s t e r

p ile ) .

p u r p o s e s ,

W

r e p la c in g

r e p la c e m
t h e

m

t h e

o b t a in e d

e x p e d it e

a c h in e r y

s o u r c e

a n t lin g

p a r ts ;

a id

w it h

m

e n t .

in in g

in v o lv e

f o r

d r y in g .

c la s s if ie d

e t a ls ;
e n t

p a r t s .

in v o lv e s

a n d

t h e

o r

f it t in g

m

r e p la c in g

a b le

d r ills ,

o r

e s t a b lis h m

e c h a n ic a l

F o r

t o o lin g ,

o f

Mechanic, Maintenance

s e a s o n in g .

T h is

a lly

d is a s s e m

n e c e s s a r y

b e

m

E x a m

“ s t ic k e r s ”

m

p r a c t ic e ,

o r k

a u t o m

b r a k e s

b lin g

f o r k

in c o m

m

H e

a g e d

W

g r in d in g

a d j u s t in g

d ia g n o s e

m

b lin g

n o r m

o b ile s ,

e n t .

in s t a llin g

U s u a lly

o f

m

e q u ip m

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

in in g

s t o c k ;

( S t a c k e r ; k iln lo a d e r ; k iln p u s h e r )

lu m

a l

t r o u b le ;

R e p a ir s

c a r s

o n

c o m
a n d

a s s e m

w o r k

r e p a ir s ;

a n d /o r

h a n d

p r o d u c t

b e

u n lo a d in g

w it h

b u n d le

c a r

b a r s ,
e n t ;

n o t

it s

w it h

e n t s .

p la n e d

t h e

o f

p a r ts

a n d

a u t o m

E x a m

s o u r c e

Lumber Piler

k iln

k n o w le d g e

a c h in e - s h o p

e s t a b lis h m

f o r m

e q u ip m

w h ic h

s e c u r e

r a ilw a y

m

R e p a ir s

in g :

s im ila r

lo a d

a y

a c h in in g ;

Mechanic, Automotive

s iz e s

h a n d - t r u c k s ,

a n d

M

m

e x p e r ie n c e .

f r o m

a

s h o p

w o r k ,

c a p a c it y

tr a in lo a d e r ; v e h ic l e l o a d e r )

j a c k s ,

s ta n d a r d
o f

f o llo w s :

( C a r s t o r e r ; c a r s t o w e r ; c a r m a n ; f r e i g h t - c a r lo a d e r ;

u s in g

a k in g

u p

o f

e n t

Loader, Car and Truck

d u c t s ,

m

e n s io n s

s e t t in g

s h a p in g

u n lo a d

a n

h o is t s ,

d im

e n t s ;

t o o ls ;

c a p a c it y

t o n

b in a t io n

L o a d s

o f

a t e r ia ls ,

w o r k ;

a n d
U n d e r

in s t r u m

a n d

h a n d

p o n d .

s t u d y

a r e

t o

p la n n in g

a c h in is t ’s

a r e a .

t h r o u g h

w a g e

m

a c h in e

t o le r a n c e s ;

r e la t in g

p r o p e r t ie s

t r a in in g
F o r

c lo s e

m

o f

lo g s

t h e
lo g s

e n t .

I n t e r p r e t in g

d e c k

o v e

h is
U s u a lly

t o

s p e e d s

s ta n d a r d
f r o m

f o r

e q u ip ­

w o r k in g
b y

p a r ts

e s t a b lis h m

s p e c if ic a t io n s ;

s t a n d a r d

p u t a t io n s

f e e d s

lo g s

u s in g

o p e r a t in g

c o m
w h e e l- t y p e

a n d

a n d

o p e r a to r , lo g s ta c k e r o p e r a to r )
o r

a n

a x e .

la y - o u t

t r a c k

n e w

in

m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :

in v o lv e s

w r it t e n

O p e r a t e s

a n d

t h e

w o r k

t r a in in g

f o r m

a l

e x p e r ie n c e .

a p ­

E x c lu d e d

f r o m

t h is

p r im a r y d u tie s

c la s s if ic a t io n

in v o lv e

a r e

s e t t in g - u p

w h o s e

a d j u s t in g

o p e r a t in g

a

m

w o r k e r s

o r

t o

t h e

a c h in e s .

w id e n

s a w - s h a r p e n in g
c u t

s p e c ia l

m

p r o p e r

Off-Bearer

t e n s io n ;

t e n in g

o f

a c h in e s ;

o r

t h e

e x a m

m

in in g

c o r r e c t in g

t h in n in g

a c h in e ;

s a w ,

s e t t in g

u s in g

a n d

t e s t in g

t e n s io n

p r o p o r t io n s

h a n d

o f

o f

s a w

t e e t h

t o o ls
s a w s

s a w s

b la d e ,

o r

f o r

b y

f la t ­

u s in g

h a m

m

e r s

( C a tc h e r ; lu m b e r ta ile r ; m a c h in e ta ile r ; ta i le r )
o r
S t a t io n e d
r e c e iv e
p ile s
f o r

t h e

w o o d e n

p r o d u c t s
t r a n s f e r

F o r
a s

a t

d is c h a r g e

p a r ts
o r

a s

lo a d s

e n d

t h e y
m

o f

c o m

a t e r ia l

e

a

m

o f f

o n

a c h in e

t h e

m

b y

t o

a c h in e ;

c o n v e y o r

o r

s t u d y

t e n s io n in g

w e ld in g

m

o r

a c h in e ;

b r a z in g .

a n d
M

r e p a ir in g

a y

b a la n c e

b r o k e n

a n d

s a w s

a lin e

h e a d

r ig .

t r u c k

Saw Filer, Fitter and Helper

e ls e w h e r e .

w a g e

a

p u r p o s e s ,

o f f - b e a r e r s

a r e

c la s s if ie d

(B e n c h m a n )

f o llo w s :
O f f - b e a r e r ,

h e a d

O f f - b e a r e r ,

m

S h a r p e n s

r ig

a c h in e

( o t h e r

t h a n

h e a d

in v o lv e s :

r ig )

a tin g

Planer Operator

a

w id e n
m

s a w s

u s e d

in

S h a r p e n in g
s a w - s h a r p e n in g

t h e

c u t

a c h in e s .

o f

I n

t h e

s a w
m

t h e

b y

a c h in e ;

s a w ,

a d d it io n ,

e s t a b lis h m

t e e t h

m

s e t t in g

u s in g
a y

e n t .

f ilin g ,

h a n d

h e lp

t o

W

o r

s a w

o r k

b y

o p e r ­

t e e t h

t o o ls

o r

r e p a ir

t o

s p e c ia l

b r o k e n

( F a c e r o p e r a t o r ; p la n e r ; s u r f a c e r o p e r a t o r ; w o o d s a w s .

U s u a lly

w o r k s

u n d e r

d ir e c t io n

o f

s a w

f ile r .

p la n e r o p e r a t o r )

Set-Up Man, Woodworking Machines
O p e r a t e s
o f f

a

s in g le -

ir r e g u la r it ie s

s t o c k ,

o r

a n d

r e d u c in g

it

d o u b le - s u r f a c e

c u t

t o

a

s m

o o t h

s p e c if ie d

p la n e r

s u r f a c e

t o

o n

t h ic k n e s s e s .

le v e l

(M a c h in e s e t t e r ; t o o l s e t t e r )

r o u g h

P la n e r
P r e p a r e s

o p e r a t o r s

a y

b e

c la s s if ie d

a c h in e ;

o n

t h e

b y

f e e d in g

o f

s t o c k
b y

in t o

a c h in e s

d e p t h

o f

c u t

a n d

t h ic k n e s s

o f

a d j u s t in g

s t o c k ;

a n d

b a r ;

in s e r t in g ,

c h a n g in g
F o r

d u ll

w a g e

c la s s if ie d

a s

g u id in g ,

a n d

s e v e r a l

t y p e s

w o r k e r s

o f

b y

m

w o o d w o r k in g

o u n t in g

c u t t in g

t o o ls ,

a n d

r e g u la t in g

g u id e s

a n d

a n d

a d j u s t ­

o t h e r

p r o d u c e

a

p r o d u c t

s p e c if ie d

b y

b lu e p r in t

o r

p a r ts

s a m

p le .

a d j u s t in g

c h e c k in g

a y

r e s h a p e

o r

r e s h a r p e n

k n iv e s .

s t o c k ;

b la d e s .

s t u d y

o f

o t h e r

t a b le

M
p r e s s u r e

f o r

t h e

t o
fo r

a n y

w h e t h e r

in g

s e t u p a n d o p e r a te —

o r

b a s is

m

O p e r a te o n l y —

t h e y :
m

m

Sorter, Dry Chain Puller

p u r p o s e s ,

p la n e r

o p e r a t o r s

a r e

( D r y c h a in m a n ; d r y c h a in s o r t e r )

f o llo w s :

P la n e r

o p e r a t o r

( f e e d

P la n e r

o p e r a t o r

o n ly )

( s e t

R e m
u p

a n d

o v e s

d r ie d

lu m

b e r

f r o m

c o n v e y o r ,

h a n d t r u c k ,

o p e r a t e )
e t c .,

a n d

m a r k e d

Pondman

s t a c k s
o n

it

e a c h

in

p ile s

p ie c e

a c c o r d in g

b y

t o

s iz e

a n d

g r a d e

g r a d e r .

Sorter, Green Chain Puller

( B o o m m a n ; h o is te r s ; l o g c h a in f e e d e r ; l o g r id e r ;
p o l e r ; p o n d m o n k e y ; s in k e r m a n ; s i n k e r p u ll e r ;

(

s w in g m a n )
P e r f o r m
w it h

t h e

s

a n y

s t o r a g e

a n d

d e liv e r y

a n d

d r iv e s

f la t b o a t ,
p ik e

( w o r k in g

r a is e s
b a n k
a r e

s u n k e n
t o

f o llo w in g

lo g s

in

c h u t e
lo g

a

c h u t e

it h

a

f o o t

f r o m

g u id e s

c a r r ie s

n e a r

o p e r a t e s
w

lo g s ) ;

t h a t

o f

s u n k e n

a n d

lo g s

S h a r p e n s ,
in

t h e

n e w ly

g r a d e

a n d
m

s a w e d

s t a c k s

a r k e d

o n

lu m

it

in

b e r

f r o m

p ile s

e a c h

c o n v e y o r ,

a c c o r d in g

p ie c e

b y

f r o m

c o n v e y o r ,

t o

h a n d -

s iz e

g r a d e r .

Sorter, Planer Chain Puller

w it h
t o

lo g

R e m

c h u t e ) ;

w in c h

o n

o r

m

j a m

e t c .,

p o n d
e d

o v e s

a n d

m a r k e d

p la n e d

s t a c k s
o n

it

e a c h

lu m
in

b e r

p ile s

p ie c e

b y

a c c o r d in g

t o

h a n d t r u c k ,

s iz e

a n d

s h ip m

e n t s

g r a d e

g r a d e r .

lo g s

Tallyman

r e le a s e d .

(L u m b e r c h e c k e r)

Saw Filer
u s e d

o v e s
e t c .,

c a t w a lk ,

u p

lo g

t r u c k ,

s e le c t io n

lo g s

t h e m

p o w e r e d

w h ic h

t h e ir
S e le c t s

( w o r k in g

R e m

c o n n e c t e d

a n d

s a w in g :

f lo a t in g

b a n k

d u t ie s

p o n d

f o r

c h a in

f r o m

c a b le

o r

t h e

f r o m
lo g

lo g s ;

h a u l

r a is e d

t o

o r

o n t o

o f
lo g

t h e m

r a ft

p o le

d e c k

t o

o f

G r e e n -c h a in ta ile r ; g r e e n c h a in m a n )

t e n s io n s ,
e s t a b lis h m

th e f o l l o w i n g :

r e p a ir s

a n d

e n t .

o r k

S h a r p e n in g




W

s a w

o t h e r w is e
in v o lv e s

t e e t h

b y

f it s

s a w s

R e c o r d s

m ost o f
f ilin g ,

o r

s to r a g e
b y

in v o lv e s

31

lo t s ,

t h e

q u a n t it y

d e t e r m

c h e c k in g

in e d

e a c h

o f

lu m

b e r

in

b y

lu m

b e r

in s p e c t o r .

W

o r k

b e r

a

lis t

p ie c e

o f

lu m

a g a in s t

o r

o p e r a t o r ; t r i m s a w y e r ; tr i m m i n g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ;

be adjustable and are spaced by handwheel to obtain
desired lengths of stock. Stock is fed to the saws
by placing individual lengths either on a conveyor
belt or chain that feeds stock into the saws, or else
on a movable table that is pushed past the saws.
This type of saw is used in a sawmill to square stock
ends, to cut stock to standard lengths, and to trim
out defects.

m u l ti - s a w t r i m m e r o p e r a t o r )

Watchman-Guard

Operates a machine equipped with two cut-off saws
or more, mounted on a common horizontal shaft to
cut wooden stock to desired lengths. The saws may

Guards premises of plant property. Makes rounds
of premises periodically in protecting property against
fire, theft, and illegal entry.

to be sure all are accounted for; estimating board
feet in each piece; using a lumber scale; and comput­
ing total amount in each lot tallied. May supervise
loading and unloading while tallying.
Trimmerman
( D o u b l e - e n d - t r i m m e r o p e r a t o r ; e q u a li z e r m a c h in e




32

In d u stry W age Studies
The most recent reports for industries included in
the Bureau’s program of industry wage surveys since
January 1950 are listed below. Those for which a price
is shown are available from the Superintendent of Docu­
ments, IJ.S. Government Printing Office, Washington,

D.C., 20402, or any of its regional sales offices. Those
for which a price is not shown may be obtained free
as long as a supply is available, from the Bureau of
Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C., 20212, or from any
of the regional offices shown on the inside back cover.

I. Occupational Wage Studies
Manufacturing
Price
Basic Iron and Steel, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1602 .........................................................................................................SO.55
Candy and Other Confectionery Products, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1520 .............................................................................50
*Canning and Freezing, 1957. BLS Report 1 3 6 ........................................................................................................... Free
Cigar Manufacturing, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1581...................................................................................................................25
Cigarette Manufacturing, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1472 ........................................................................................................... 20
Cotton and Man-Made Fiber Textiles, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1637 ............................................................................
1.00
Distilled Liquors, 1952. Series 2, No. 8 8 ..................................................................................................................... Free
Fabricated Structural Steel, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1463 ......................................................................................................30
Fertilizer Manufacturing, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1531........................................................................................................... 30
Flour and Other Grain Mill Products, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1576 .................................................................................... 25
Fluid Milk Industry, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1464 ...................................................................................................................30
Footwear, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1634 .................................................................................................................................... 75
Hosiery, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1562 .......................................................................................................................................70
Industrial Chemicals, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1529...................................................................................................................40
Iron and Steel Foundries, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1626 ................................................................................................. 1.00
Leather Tanning and Finishing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1 6 1 8 ................................................ .............................................55
Machinery Manufacturing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1664 ........................................................................................................ 65
Meat Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1677 ................................................................................................................... 1.00
Men’s and Boys’ Shirts (Except Work Shirts) and Nightwear, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1659..............................................65
Men’s and Boys’ Suits and Coats, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1594 ............................................................................................75
Miscellaneous Plastics Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1690 .............................................................................................. 60
Miscellaneous Textiles, 1953. BLS Report 56 ........................................................................................................... Free
Motor Vehicles and Parts, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1679...........................................................................................................75
Nonferrous Foundries, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1498 ..............................................................................................................40
Paints and Varnishes, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1524 ................................................................................................................ 40
Paperboard Containers and Boxes, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1478 ......................................................................................... 70
Petroleum Refining, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1526 ...................................................................................................................30
Pressed or Blown Glass and Glassware, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1424 ..................................................................................30
^Processed Waste, 1957. BLS Report 1 2 4 ..................................................................................................................... Free
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1608 ......................................................................................... 60
Radio, Television, and Related Products, 1951. Series 2, No. 8 4 ............................................................................. Free
Railroad Cars. 1952. Series 2, No. 8 6 .......................................................................................................................... Free
*Raw Sugar, 1957. BLS Report 1 3 6 ............................................................................................................................. Free
Southern Sawmills and Planing Mills, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1694 .................................................................................... 50
Structural Clay Products, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1459...........................................................................................................45
Synthetic Fibers, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1540 ........................................................................................................................30
Synthetic Textiles, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1509 ..................................................................................................................... 40
* Studies of the effects of the SI minimum wage.




I. Occupational Wage Studies— Continued
Manufacturing— Con tinued
Price
Textile Dyeing and Finishing, 1965— BLS Bulletin 1527 ............................................................................... $0.45
66.
^Tobacco Stemming and Redrying, 1957. BLS Report 1 3 6 ..................................................................................
Free
West Coast Sawmilling, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1455 ................................................................................................
.30
Women’s and Misses’ Coats and Suits, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1508 ......................................................................
.25
Women’s and Misses’ Dresses, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1649.......................................................................................
.45
Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1651....................................................
.60
*Wooden Containers, 1957. BLS Report 126............................................................................................................
Free
Wool Textiles, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1551..................................................................................................................
.45
Work Clothing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1624 ........................................................................................................................ 50
Nonmanufacturing
Auto Dealer Repair Shops, 1969- BLS Bulletin 1689 ..........................................................................................
Banking, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1466 ...........................................................................................................................
Bituminous Coal Mining, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1583................................................................................................
Communications, 1969- BLS Bulletin 1696 ............................................................................................................
Contract Cleaning Services, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1644 ..........................................................................................
Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas Production, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1566 .......................................................
Department and Women’s Ready-to-Wear Stores, 1950. Series 2, No. 7 8 .......................................................
Eating and Drinking Places, 1966-67. BLS Bulletin 1588 ..................................................................................
Educational Institutions: Nonteaching Employees, 1968-69. BLS Bulletin 1671 .........................................
Electric and Gas Utilities, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1614 ..........................................................................................
Hospitals, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1688 .......................................................................................................................
Hotels and Motels, 1966-67. BLS Bulletin 1587 ................................................................................................
Laundry and Cleaning Services, 1967—
68. BLS Bulletin 1645 . .........................................................................
Life Insurance, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1569 ...............................................................................................................
Motion Picture Theaters, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1542 .............................................................................................
Nursing Homes and Related Facilities, 1967—
68. BLS Bulletin 1638................................................................

.50
.30
.50
.30
.55
.30
Free
.40
.50
.70
1-00
.40
.30
-35
.35
-75

II. Other Industry Wage Studies
Factory Workers’ Earnings— Distribution by Straight-Time Hourly Earnings, 1958. BLS Bulletin 1252 . .
Factory Workers’ Earnings— Selected Manufacturing Industries, 1959. BLS Bulletin 1275 ..........................
Employee Earnings and Hours in Nonmetropolitan Areas of the South and
North Central Regions, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1552 ...........................................................................................
Employee Earnings and Hours in Eight Metropolitan Areas of the South, 1965.
BLS Bulletin 1533 ..................................................................................................................................................

.40
.35

.50
.40

Employee Earnings and Hours in Retail Trade, June 1966—
Retail Trade (Overall Summary). BLS Bulletin 1584 ........................................................................................
] qq
Building Materials, Hardware, and Farm Equipment Dealers. BLS Bulletin 1584-1 ................. .................
.30
General Merchandise Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-2.............................................................................................
55
Food Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-3 ........................................................................................................................
60
Automotive Dealers and Gasoline Service Stations. BLS Bulletin 1 5 8 4 4 .....................................................
.50
Apparel and Accessory Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-5 ........................................................................................
55
Furniture, Home Furnishings, and Household Appliance Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-6 ........................................50
Miscellaneous Retail Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-7 .............................................................................................
65
* Studies of the effects of the SI minimum wage.




☆

U. S. GO V ER N M EN T PRI NTIN G O F F I C E : 1971 Q - 437-21 1 (62)

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
REGIONAL OFFICES

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

Region II
341 Ninth Ave. Rm. 1025
New York, N.Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region VI

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Regions V II and VIM
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)




1100 Commerce St. Rm 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

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OFFICIAL BUSINESS

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