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INDUSTRY W AGE SURVEY




West Coast Sawmilling
i
JUNE 1964

Bulletin No. 1455
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S

Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

51




INDUSTRY WAGE SURVEY

West Coast Sawmilling
JUNE 1964

Bulletin No. 1455
October 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S

Arthur M Ross, Commissioner
.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents










Preface

This bulletin summarizes the results of a survey
of wages and supplementary benefits in the West Coast
sawmilling industry in June 1964 by the Bureau of Labor
Statistics.
The analysis was prepared by John L. Dana, As­
sistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Rela­
tions in the Bureau’s Western regional office, under the
general direction of L. R. Linsenmayer, Assistant Com­
missioner for Wages and Industrial Relations.
Other reports available from the Bureau's pro­
gram of industry wage studies, as well as the addresses
of the Bureau's six regional offices, are listed at the end
of this bulletin.

ill

C o n ten ts

Page
Summary-------------------------------------------------------Industry characteristics__________________________
Average hourly earnings----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Occupational earnings--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions____________________
Minimum entrance and job rates___________________
Scheduled weekly hours and shift practices___________________________________
Paid holidays---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Paid vacations__________________________________________________________________
Health, insurance, and pension plans---------------------------------------------------------------

1
1
3
4
5
5
5
5
5
5

T ables:
1.

Average hourly earnings: By selected characteristics________________

6

Earnings distribution:
2. West Coast----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3. Douglas Fir region---------------------------------------------------------------------------------4. Western Pine region, Northern district________________________________
5. Western Pine region, Southern district-----------------------------------------------6. Redwood region----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7
7
8
8
8

Occupational earnings:
7. By r e g i o n -----------------------------------------------------------------

9

Occupational averages:
8. By method of wage payment----------------------------------------------------------------9. By type of sawmill----------------------------------------------------------------------------------10. By size of establishment------------------------------------------------------------------------11. By labor-management contract coverage----------------------------------------------

15
16
18
20

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
12. Minimum entrance and job rates: Cleanup men________________________
13. Scheduled weekly hours-------------------------------------------------------------------------14. Shift-differential practices--------------------------------------------------------------------15. Paid holidays------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------16. Paid vacations----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------17. Health, insurance, and pension plans----------------------------------------------------

21
22
22
23
24
25

Appendixes:
A. Scope and method of survey-----------------------------------------------------------------------B. Occupational descriptions---------------------------------------------------------------------------

27
30




[ y

Industry Wage Survey'
West Coast Sawmilling, June 1964
Summary
Straight-tim e hourly earnings of production and related workers in the
West Coast sawmilling industry averaged $2.66 in June 1964, according to a
Bureau of Labor Statistics survey. Averages ranged from $2.76 in the Redwood
region to $2. 45 in the Northern districts of the Western Pine region. 1
W orkers in logging operations averaged $3. 16 an hour, compared with
$2.59 fo r w orkers in sawmills and planing m ills.
In the earnings arrays, the
middle half of the logging workers ranged between $2,62 and $3.27 an hour and
those in sawm ills and planing m ills between $2. 35 and $2.74.
Among the logging and sawmilling occupations studied separately, a v e r­
age hourly earnings ranged from $2.20 fo r watchmen in sawm ills to $4.77 for
teamed fa llers and buckers using power equipment.
W orkers in eight logging
and six sawmilling jobs averaged over $3 an hour. A verages fo r nearly all of
the remaining occupations studied separately were between $2.50 and $3.
The large m ajority of the workers were scheduled to work 40 hours a
week at the time of the study, and were employed by establishments providing
paid holidays and vacations and various types of insurance benefits.
Pension
plans were also common.
Industry Characteristics
The five States (California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Montana)
included in this survey accounted fo r m ore than half (56. 4 percent) of the 34. 5 b il­
lion board feet of lumber produced in the United States in 1963.
However, they
employed only about a third of the workers in the Nation’s logging camps and saw­
m ills and planing m ills . The greater productive capacity of these western States
stems la rgely from the immense size of the trees available fo r logging— p a rtic­
ularly in western Washington, western Oregon, and coastal C alifornia— compared
to the sm aller tim ber available in the southeastern United States and the rest of
the country.
The cutting, loading, transporting, and m illing of giant redwoods
and towering firs require the use of m assive machinery and equipment.
Over
the past 2 decades em ployers have invested heavily in laborsaving mechanisms
with the result that the work force has been cut back while production has r e ­
mained steady.1
2
1 For definitions o f the regions used in this study, see appendix A.
T hese defin ition s differ from those used
in a sim ilar study con du cted in July 1959. (S ee BLS R eport 156, W age Structure: W est Coast Saw m illing, July 1959,
1 9 6 0 .) In the earlier study, the predom inant lum ber species produced was on e o f the determinants used in establish­
ing regions, whereas in the current study, regions were defin ed entirely on the basis o f geography.
T h e R edw ood
region, as defin ed for this study, was not cov e re d separately in the July 1959 study.
2 Current Industrial R eports. Lumber Production and M ill Stocks. 1963. Series: M 24T (63) -1 . U. S. Depart­
m ent o f C o m m e rce , Bureau o f the Census, O ct, 16, 1964.




1

2

The lumber industry in the West is dominated by a rela tively few large
firm s with integrated operations in logging, sawm illing, and the production
of veneer, plywood, pulp, fib er board, p article board, wooden containers, box
shook, and other wood products with the exception of furniture. A great number
of sm all operators— engaged mainly in cutting tim ber, sawing rough lumber, and
producing m illw ork — make up a substantial part of the rest of the industry. Of
the 639 establishments within scope of the survey in June 1964, 14 large m ills ,
each with m ore than 1,000 w orkers, accounted fo r about one-fourth of the 83,250
production workers in the industry. On the other hand, 445 sm all firm s, each
with few er than 100 w orkers, accounted fo r 23 percent of the production w orkers.
Slightly m ore than 60 percent of the production employees in the industry worked
in integrated establishments, 3 and alm ost all w ere men. 4

West Coast lumber is produced largely from three species— Douglas fir ,
w estern pine, and redwood.
Douglas fir is the principal species in the areas
of Washington and Oregon west of the Cascade Range.
Spruce, hemlock, and
cedar stands are also found in this region. The western pine species, including
ponderosa pine, sugar pine, white fir , and larch are widely distributed throughout
the West, but are concentrated east of the Cascade Range in California, Idaho,
Montana, Oregon, and Washington.
Redwood is the principal tim ber along the
northern California coast, although there is extensive Douglas fir production in
this region.
F or purposes of this survey, the Douglas F ir, W estern Pine, and
Redwood regions are lim ited to the five States named above.
In June 1964,
about two-fifths of the m ills and one-half the production w orkers w ere in the
Douglas F ir region.
The Northern and Southern districts of the Western Pine
region each accounted fo r about one-fifth of the production w orkers; a tenth w ere
in the Redwood region.
Establishments with collective bargaining agreements covering a m ajority
of their production workers accounted fo r about seven-tenths of the workers within
scope of the Bureau's survey. Regionally, the proportions w ere: Four-fifths in
the Southern districts of Western Pine, three-fourths in Douglas F ir, three-fifths
in the Northern districts of Western Pine, and one-third in the Redwood region.

The m ajor labor organizations w ere the Lumber and Sawmill W orkers
Union, affiliated with the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of A m e r­
ica; and the International Woodworkers of A m erica. The fo rm er organization p re ­
dominated in the Western Pine region, while the latter was strong in the Douglas
F ir and Redwood regions.
Tim e rates w ere the basis of wage payment fo r m ore than nine-tenths
of the production w orkers covered by the study.
As indicated in the tabulation
on the following page, incentive wage systems (most usually group piecework)
applied to la rger proportions of the logging workers than to the sawm ill and plan­
ing m ill w orkers, and were m ore common in the Western Pine and Redwood
regions than in the Douglas F ir region.

3
For purposes o f this study, integrated establishments in cluded those w ith log g in g operations in con ju n ction
w ith, and supplying logs to , the m ill. Independent establishments includ ed those purchasing logs or con tracting l o g ­
ging operations.
4 W om en accou n ted for 2 percent o f the production workers within the scope o f the survey.




3

Percent o f workers paid on an
in centive basis-—
Saw m ill and
planing m ill workers
West C o a s t ------------------------Douglas Fir r e g io n -------------Western Pine region :
Northern d is t r ic t s ---------Southern d is t r ic t s ---------R edw ood r e g io n -----------------

Logging
workers

5
4

7
3

3
6
8

16
10
14

Average Hourly Earnings
Average hourly earnings of production workers w ere higher than the
West Coast average ($2,66 an hour), in 3 of the 4 locations studied separately:
By 10 cents in the Redwood region, 8 cents in the Southern districts of the W est­
ern Pine region, and 4 cents in the Douglas F ir region (table 1).
Workers in
the Northern districts of the Western Pine region averaged 21 cents an hour less
than the West Coast average.
Workers engaged in logging operations averaged $3. 16 an hour, com­
pared with $2.59 fo r workers in sawmills and planing m ills . This general pay
relationship was consistent in the four regions, with the average wage advantage
fo r logging workers ranging from 49 cents an hour in the Northern districts of
the Western Pine region to 85 cents in the Redwood region. W orkers in plywood
and veneer m ills— chiefly concentrated in the Douglas F ir region— averaged $2.50
an hour.
The influence of the m ore highly paid logging workers is reflected in
comparisons of average hourly earnings in integrated and independent establish­
ments and in establishments classified by size. Workers in integrated establish­
ments averaged $2.72— 17 cents an hour m ore than workers in independent m ills.
Among the regions for which data could be compared by type of m ill, the a v e r­
age hourly differential favoring workers in integrated establishments was 10 cents
in the Southern districts of Western Pine, 14 cents in Douglas F ir, and 18 cents
in the Redwood region and in the Northern districts of W estern Pine. Workers
in establishments with 500 employees or m ore (which accounted fo r a large p ro ­
portion of logging w orkers) averaged $ 2 . 7 0 , compared with $ 2 . 6 7 for workers
in establishments with 100 to 499 employees and $2.58 fo r those in establish­
ments with 20 to 99 employees.
Wages of workers in union establishments averaged $2.67 an hour—
3 cents m ore than those of workers in establishments not having labor-management
contracts covering a m ajority of their production employees. However, there was
no consistent pattern of pay between union and nonunion establishments among the
regions. In the Douglas F ir and Redwood regions, average hourly earnings w ere
higher in nonunion than in union establishments by 2 and 8 cents, respectively.
In the Northern districts of the Western Pine region, average pay was 7 cents
an hour higher in union establishments.
Alm ost all of the workers earned $2 an hour or m ore, with 6 percent
earning $3.50 or m ore (table 2). The proportion of workers earning $3.50 or
m ore was much greater in logging than in other operations.
In the earnings
array, hourly pay of the middle half of all workers fe ll between $2. 37 and $2. 79;
fo r logging, between $2.62 to $3.27; and fo r sawmills and planing m ills , between
$2. 35 to $2. 74.




4

Occupational Earnings
Occupational classifications fo r which earnings data w ere developed sep­
arately (table 7) accounted fo r seven-tenths of the production workers in logging
and th ree-fifths of those in sawm ills and planing m ills.
Average hourly earn­
ings fo r these jobs ranged from $2.20 fo r watchmen in sawm ills to $4.77 fo r
fa lle rs and buckers using power equipment.
In addition to fa llers and buckers
working as a team in loggin g,5 workers in seven other jobs averaged over $3 an
hour; single fa lle rs , $4.60; single buckers, $3.72; high-lead hook tenders, $3.63;
high riggers, $3.36; log loading engineers, $3.16; head loaders, $3.16; and
bulldozer operators, $3.04.
In sawmilling, averages over $3 were recorded
fo r six jobs: Benchwork saw file r s , $3.64; rid erless carriage band-head-saw
operators, $3.54; conventional band-head-saw operators, $3.47; riderless c a r­
riage circular-head-saw operators, $3.34; conventional circular-head-saw op er­
ators, $3.16; and maintenance electrician s, $3.05. Averages fo r nearly a ll of
the remaining occupations studied separately w ere between $2.50 and $3 an hour.
Of the 2,213 fa llers and buckers teamed in logging camps, 843 w ere
paid on the basis of output and averaged $6.61 an hour, compared with $3.64
fo r tim e-rated w orkers (table 8). In the Douglas F ir region, where two-thirds
of the fa lle rs and buckers w ere employed, only about a fifth w ere paid on an
incentive basis; in each of the other regions, however, seven-tenths of the w ork­
ers or m ore in this occupation w ere incentive paid. A m ajority of the workers
in sorting, stacking, and loading type jobs in sawmills w ere paid on an incentive
basis. W herever comparisons could be made, incentive-rated workers had higher
average earnings than those paid on an hourly basis.
Among the occupations perm itting comparisons, average hourly earnings
were generally higher in the Douglas F ir and Redwood regions than in the two
districts of the Western Pine region. D ifferences between the occupational a v e r­
ages in the Douglas F ir and Redwood regions usually amounted to less than
10 cents an hour, whereas the differences between the highest and lowest regions
often amounted to 30 cents or m ore.
In 3 of the 4 regions, occupational averages w ere generally higher in
independent m ills than in those having logging operations; in the Northern districts
of the Western Pine region, this relationship was reversed.
In all regions, occupational averages w ere m ost commonly higher in
establishments with 100 but few er than 500 w orkers than in either the sm aller
or la rg e r size establishments (table 10). In the Northern districts of the W est­
ern Pine region, occupational averages w ere nearly always higher in establish­
ments with 500 workers or m ore than in establishments with few er than 100 w ork­
ers. In the other regions, however, there was no consistent relationship in pay
between these two size groups.
Because of their interrelationship, the exact
impact on earnings of any of the characteristics discussed above cannot be is o ­
lated and measured.
Occupational averages w ere usually higher in union establishments than
in those not having collective bargaining agreem ents, in each of the regions
where comparisons were possible (table 11).

5
Payments to fallers and buckers for saw rentals w ere e x clu d ed from straig ht-tim e hourly earnings. S ix ty -six
o f the 161 establishments visited e m p lo y e d fallers and buckers; 10 establishments paid their workers for saw rentals
on an hourly basis; 27 paid rentals on a production basis; 17 provided powersaw equipm ent; and the rem ainder had
other provisions.




5

Establishment P ra ctices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Data w ere also obtained on certain establishment practices fo r production
workers in sawm ills and planing m ills and in logging camps: Minimum entrance
and job rates; work schedules and shift practices; and selected supplementarybenefits including paid holidays, paid vacations, life insurance, hospitalization
and surgical benefits, and retirem ent plans.
Minimum Entrance and Job Rates. A ll but 19 of the 161 sawm ills studied
reported form al minimum entrance and job rates fo r cleanup men, an unskilled
occupation (table 12). With four exceptions, entrance and job rates w ere identical
in m ills having established minimums. Minimum rates of $2.20 to $2.40 an hour
applied in m ore than half of the m ills.
Median entrance rates were $2.31 in
Douglas F ir, $2.30 in Redwood, $2.27 in the Southern districts of Western Pine,
and $2. 13 in the Northern districts of W estern Pine.
Scheduled Weekly Hours and Shift P ra c tic e s . Work schedules of 40 hours
a week w ere in effect in establishments employing m ore than nine-tenths of the
production workers in sawm ills and planing m ills and in logging camps (table 13).
In each region, approxim ately one-fifth of the workers in sawm ills and planing
m ills were employed on late shifts at the tim e of the study, and typically r e ­
ceived differential pay over day-shift rates (table 14).
D ifferentials were on a
cents-per-hour basis, ranging from 3 to 10 cents.
Paid Holidays. Paid holidays w ere provided by establishments em ploy­
ing about four-fifths of the workers in sawm ills and planing m ills and in logging
camps (table 15).
About three-fourths of the w orkers received 6 paid holidays
annually; provisions fo r other workers ranged from 3 to 7 days.
Paid Vacations.
Paid vacations to workers with 1 year of service or
m ore w ere provided by establishments employing m ore than nine-tenths of the
production workers in sawm ills and planing m ills and in logging camps (table 16).
The m ajority of the workers w ere in establishments providing 1 week's vacation
pay after 1 year of service, 2 weeks after 3 years, and 3 weeks after 10 years.
Provisions for vacations in excess of 3 weeks w ere virtually nonexistent.
Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans.
L ife insurance benefits, fo r
which the em ployer paid at least part of the cost, were provided by establish­
ments employing three-fourths of the sawm ill and planing m ill w orkers, and
four-fifths of the logging w orkers (table 17).
Hospitalization, surgical, and
m edical insurance benefits w ere also available to about three-fifths of the saw­
m ill and planing m ill workers and four-fifths of the logging w orkers. Alm ost all
logging workers in the Redwood region w ere in establishments providing these
benefits.
Sickness and accident insurance benefits w ere provided in establish­
ments with nearly half of the workers in sawmills and planing m ills and threefifths of those in logging camps.
Retirem ent pension benefits (other than those available under F ederal
old-age, survivors, and disability insurance) w ere reported by establishments
employing m ore than half the sawm ill and planing m ill w orkers and four-fifths
of the logging w orkers.



Table 1. Average Hourly Earnings: By Selected Characteristics

0)

(Num ber and average stra ig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs1 of production w ork ers in W e st C oast saw m ills
by selected ch aracteristics and r e g i o n s ,2 June 1964)
W est C oast

Douglas F ir region

Number
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

N um ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

__

83, 250

$ 2 . 66

43, 065

Independent ________________________________________________
Integrated ____ _____________________________________________

30, 455
5 2 ,7 9 5

$ 2 . 55
2. 72

13, 436
50, 850
1 1 ,0 7 4

Item

A ll w o r k e r s _____________________________________

Redwood region

W estern Pine region
N orthern d istricts

Southe rn d istric ts

N um ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

$ 2 . 74

8, 257

$ 2 . 76

5, 794
10, 074

$ 2 . 68
2. 78

3, 128
5, 129

$ 2 . 64
2. 82

2, 602
10, 934

1, 200
6 ,4 2 2

3. 49
2. 64

-

3. 26
2. 68
-

2. 43
2. 43
2. 50

6, 697
5, 527

2. 77
2. 71

2. 48
2 .4 1

1 2 ,6 8 2
"

2. 75
-

N um ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

N um ber
of
w orkers

A v erage
hourly
earnings

$ 2 . 70

1 6 ,0 6 0

$ 2 . 45

15, 868

13, 504
2 9 ,5 6 1

$ 2 . 60
2. 74

8, 029
8, 031

$ 2 . 36
2. 54

3. 16
2. 59
2. 50

7, 920
22, 362
9, 336

3. 14
2. 62
2. 51

1 ,7 1 4
1 1 ,1 3 2
-

2. 90
2. 41
"

1 9 ,4 9 4
2 9 ,5 7 4
3 4 ,1 8 2

2. 58
2. 67
2. 70

7, 989
1 4 ,3 4 7
20, 729

2. 61
2. 69
2. 73

5, 444
5, 952
4 , 664

57, 838
2 5 ,4 1 2

2. 67
2. 64

3 2 ,7 4 5
10, 320

2. 69
2. 71

9, 516
6, 544

Type of m ill

Type of o p eration 3
L o g g in g -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sa w m ills and planing m ills __
_________________

P ly w o o d and vp npp r m ills

_ __ ___ _________

-

-

E sta b lish m e n t s iz e
20—
99 w o r k e r s __
___ _____ __
_____________
100—
499 w o r k e r s _____ ___________ ________ _ _____ __
500 w ork e rs or m o r e _____________________________________

_

2, 417
2, 578
-

2. 64
2. 88
-

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t con tracts
E stab lish m e n ts with—
M ajority of w o rk e rs c o v e r e d ___ __________________
N one or m in o rity of w o rk e rs cov ered
__ ____

2, 895
5, 362

2. 70
2. 78

1 E x clu des p rem iu m pay for o v e rtim e and for w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
2 F or definition of re g io n s, see table in appendix A .
3 The study w as lim ited to e sta b lish m en ts p r im a r ily engaged in saw m illing and planing; other op eration s, when lis te d , rep resen t secondary activities of integrated
sa w m ills and planing m i lls .
The data for all production w orkers shown above include 7 ,8 9 0 w ork e rs em ployed in pulp m ill, fib e r -b o a r d m ill, p a r tic le -b o a r d m ill,
m olding m i ll, shingle m ill, c u t-s to c k m ill, and b o x -fa c to r y operations of integrated saw m ills who averaged $ 2 . 5 1 an hour; region al data for these w ork ers did not
m e e t publication c r ite r ia .
NOTE:

D ashes indicate no data rep orted or data that do not m eet publication c r ite ria .




Table 2. Earnings Distribution: West Coast
(P e r c e n t

d is tr ib u tio n

o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s

s t r a ig h t -t im e

h o u r ly

o p e r a tio n ,

in

s a w m ills

Table 3. Earnings Distribution: Douglas Fir Region

by

average

(P e r c e n t

d is tr ib u tio n

e a r n in g s 1 a n d ty p e o f
June

o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s

s t r a ig h t -t im e

1964)

h o u r ly

o p e r a tio n ,

in

U nder

$ 1 .8 0

A ll

e a r n in g s 1

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

$ 1. 80

and

under

$ 1. 9 0 —

$ 1 .9 0

and

under

$ 2. 0 0-

$ 2 . 00

and

under

—

$ 2 . 10—

-

—

ven eer
m ills

-------

0. 6

. 8

. 2

0. 2

. 5

. 9

(3 )

2. 2

2. 1

5. 5

3. 3

. 9

$ 2 . 10

and

under

$ 2 . 2 0 ----------------------------------------------------

2 .9

and

under

$ 2 . 3 0 -------------------------

8. 2

$ 2. 30

and

under

$ 2 . 4 0 -------------

$ 2. 40

and

under

$ 2 . 5 0 -----------

$ 2. 50

and

under

$ 2 . 60

and un der

$ 2 . 70

and

$ 2 . 80 —

-

0. 1
. 1

. 1

0. 3

. 2

-

1. 1

. 1

1. 7

$ 2 .0 0

and

under

$ 2 . 1 0 --------------------------------------

2. 1

1 .4

6. 5

. 9

6. 1

$ 2 .1 0

and

under

$ 2 . 2 0 ----------------------------------------------------

. 6

. 8

. 6

$ 2. 20

and

3. 9

15. 5

$ 2 .3 0

and

under

$ 2. 40

4. 5

12. 2

$ 2. 40

and

under

$ 2. 5 0 -

12. 8

13. 6

14. 7

9. 8

9. 9

$ 2. 50

and

under

$ 2 . 70—

10. 1

8. 8

12. 1

14. 5

8. 0

$ 2 . 60

and

under

7. 4

7. 3

7. 4

8. 3

5. 7

$ 2. 70

and

under

$ 2. 80

—

5. 8

5. 3

4. 0

10. 3

3. 5

$ 2. 80

and

under

—

3. 8

3. 5

2. 0

6. 8

3. 4

$ 2. 90

and

under

$ 3 . 1 0 ----------------------------------------------------

3 .4

3. 3

2. 0

5 .4

2. 9

$ 3. 00

and

under

2. 3

2. 0

1. 1

5. 1

1. 7

$ 3 . 10

and

1 .5

1 .0

. 3

4. 7

. 7

$ 3 .2 0

and

1 .2

1 .0

. 2

1 .4

3. 8

$ 3 .3 0

. 1

1 .8

1 .9

$ 3. 40

and

—

—

—

---------------

$ 2 . 9 0 ---------

$ 3. 00

and u n d er

----------------—

$ 3 .1 0

and

under

$ 3. 20

—

$ 3. 20

and

under

$ 3. 30-

—

$ 3 .3 0

and

under

$ 3 . 4 0 ---------

$ 3. 40

and

under

$ 3 . 5 0 -----------

-

—

----------—

-----------

—

----------------------—

------—

---------------------

_

-

---------

under

$ 3 . 6 0 ---------

$ 3 . 60

and

under

$ 3.

70

and

under

$ 3. 80

and

under

$3. 7 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 3. 8 0 —
--------------------------------- ----$ 3 . 9 0 ----------------------------------------------------

$ 3 . 90

and

under

$ 4 . 00

$ 4 . 00

and

o v e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------

-----------------------------

—

-------------

—

-----------

T o t a l — ..............................................................................................
o f w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------e a r n i n g s 1 --------------------------------------------

E x c lu d e s

p r e m iu m

. 7

. 9

pay

fo r

1. 7

12. 1

1 .9

3

m ills ,
L ess

N O T E :

m ills ,

c u t-s to c k
th a n

0. 05

B ecau se




of

m ills ,

fib e r -b o a r d
and

box

5. 6

3. 1

1 .0

15. 6

15. 8

24. 8

2. 5

16. 4

2 1 .3

18. 1

1 .5

$ 2 . 6 0 ----------------------------------------------------

14. 4

16. 0

14. 8

9 .4

$ 2 . 70

11. 9

10. 0

12. 4

17. 4

7. 4

7. 6

7. 8

5 .9

$ 2 . 9 0 ----------------------------------------------------

5 .9

5. 4

4. 2

9 .5

$ 3. 00

4. 0

3. 8

1. 8

6. 6

$ 3 .1 0

4. 1

4. 2

2. 2

under

$ 3 . 20

2. 8

2. 2

1 .2

under

$ 3 . 3 0 ----------------------------------------------------

1. 6

. 9

. 2

and

under

$ 3. 40

1 .4

. 7

. 2

1 .8

and

under

$ 3 .5 0

. 4

. 1

2. 1

under

3 .9

--------------------------------------------------------

—

—

-

---------

-------

-

. 7

5. 5
6 .4
5. 6

. 2

6 .9

. 6

$ 3 .5 0

$ 3 . 60

2. 4

. 7

. 2

10. 4

.

3. 2

. 4

$ 3 . 60

and

under

$ 3 . 7 0 ----------------------------------------------------

1. 3

. 6

. 1

5. 2

.

2. 0

. 2

and

under

$ 3 . 80

. 8

. 3

. 1

3. 1

. 4

. 4

.

. 6

.

$ 3. 80

and

under

$ 3 . 9 0 ----------------------------------------------------

. 5

. 5

. 1

. 4

.

1
1

$ 3 .7 0
$ 3. 90

and

under

$ 4 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------

. 2

. 3

. 1

. 2

$ 4 . 00

and

o v e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------

3

.

2. 0

100 . 0

3

.

1. 3

1
1
1
1

7. 1

(3 )

100 . 0

100 . 0

100 . 0

100 . 0

5 0 ,8 5 0

1 1 ,0 7 4

1 3 ,4 3 6

7 ,8 9 0

N um ber

o f w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------

$ 2 . 66

$ 2 .5 9

$ 2 . 50

$ 3 . 16

$ 2 . 51

A verage

h o u r ly

o v e rtim e
m ills ,

and

fo r

w ork

p a r tic le -b o a r d

on

w eek en d s,

m ills ,

m o ld in g

h o lid a y s ,
m ills ,

1

and

a

I n c lu d e s

s h in g le

m ay

not

equal

100.

p r e m iu m

pay

1. 1

. 7
. 1
5. 2

(3 )

100 . 0

fo r

100 . 0

100 . 0

4 3 ,0 6 5

2 2 ,3 6 2

9 ,3 3 6

7, 920

$ 2 . 62

$ 2 . 51

$ 3 . 14

100. 0

o v e rtim e

and

fo r

w ork

on

w eeken ds,

h o lid a y s ,

s h ifts .

m ills ,

3
o f in d iv id u a l it e m s

e a r n i n g s 1 ----------- --------------- --------- --—

E x c lu d e s

1 .5

$ 2 . 70

T o t a l -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

8 3 ,2 5 0

fa c to r ie s .

su m s

_
0. 1

. 4

p e rce n t.
r o u n d in g ,

-------------------

-

. 7

la te
p u lp

$ 2 . 3 0 -------------------------

(3 )

. 6

s h ifts .
I n c lu d e s

under

-----------------------

1.0
.

. 8

L o g g in g

0. 2

$ 1 . 9 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 2 . 0 0 -------------------------

4. 9

$ 3. 00—

s h in g le

___________________ __________ -

under
under

18. 7

under

1

___

and
and

24. 4

under

*

-

m ills

$ 1 .8 0

9. 9

and

la t e

$ 1. 8 0 —

and
ven eer

$ 1 .9 0

$ 2 . 6 0 ----------------------------------------------------

under

h o u r ly

U nder

15. 4

-

P ly w o o d

and
p la n in g

o p e r a tio n s 2

6 .4

17. 5

--------------------------------------------------

A ll

e a r n in g s 1

2. 5

14. 8

and

A v era g e

0. 4

15. 1

$ 2 .9 0

N um ber

0. 3

h o u r ly

___

$ 2. 80

and

—

A verage

o p e r a tio n s 2

(3 )

. 7

—

average

m ills

0. 4

$ 2 . 20

$ 3. 50

O th er
L o g g in g

—

—

by

of

S a w m ills

and

p la n in g

-------

-

----------------------—

and

o p e r a tio n s

m ills

h o u r ly

ty p e

1964)

S a w m ills i P ly w o o d
A v era g e

s a w m ills

e a r n in g s 1 an d
June

L ess

N O T E :

p u lp

m ills ,

c u t-s to c k
th a n

0. 05

B ecau se

m ills ,

fib e r -b o a r d
and

box

m ills ,

fa c to r ie s

in

p a r tic le -b o a r d
a d d itio n

to

th o se

m ills ,
sh ow n

m o ld in g

s e p a r a te ly .

p e rce n t.

o f r o u n d in g ,

su m s

o f in d iv id u a l i t e m s

m ay

not

equal

m ills ,

100.

and

Table 4. Earnings Distribution: Western Pine
Region-----Northern District

S a w m ills

A ll

h o u rly

o p era ­

earnings 1

tions 2

Loggin g

earn in gs 1

A ll
op era­
tions2

Sa w m ills
and
planing

0. 6

under

$ 1 .9 0 —

3. 7

. 8

. 1

under

$ 2. 00 —

2. 8

2. 2

$ 2. 00

-

0. 5

0. 4

$ 1 .8 0

and under

$ 1 .9 0 —

(3 )

and

under

$ 2. 0 0 —

(3 )

(*)
(3 )

$ 2. 00

and

under

Under

$ 1 .8 0

L oggin g

A verage

h ou rly

earn in gs 1

A ll
op era­
tions2

m ills

$ 1 .9 0

1. 8

and
and

-

h ou rly

m ills

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .8 0

A verage

p lan in g

$ 1 .9 0

Under

1 .4

and

Table 6. Earnings Distribution: Redwood
Region
(P ercent distribution of production w ork ers in
saw m ills by average stra igh t-tim e
hourly earnings^ and type of
operation, June 1964)

(P ercent distribution of production w ork ers in
saw m ills by average stra igh t-tim e
hourly earnings * and type of
operation, June 1964)

(P ercen t distribution of production w orkers in
saw m ills by average stra ig h t-tim e
hourly earnings 1 and type of
operation, June 1964)

A v era g e

Table 5. Earnings Distribution: Western Pine
Region---- Southern District

S a w m ills
and
planing

L oggin g

m ills

0. 2

0. 6

Under

$ 1. 8 0

. 1

$ 1 .8 0

and under

$ 1 .9 0 —

. 1

$ 1 .9 0

and

under

$ 2. 00 —

_

$ 2. 00

$ 2. 10—

0. 2

0. 5

(3 )
. 1

(3 )
. 1

-

1 .0

. 2

-

and

under

5. 7

. 9

and

under

$ 2 .1 0

and

under

$ 2. 2 0 —

1 1 .8

12. 3

6. 5

$ 2 . 10 a n d

under

$ 2 . 20—

1. 1

. 8

. 1

$ 2 . 10

and

under

$ 2 . 20 —

. 6

. 8

$ 2 . 20

and

under

$ 2 . 30—

18. 4

2 1 .2

7. 0

$ 2 . 20

under

$ 2 .3 0 —

10. 6

9. 0

1. 7

$ 2. 20

and

under

$ 2 .3 0 —

5. 6

7. 0

. 8

17. 1

2. 3

$ 2 . 10 —

4. 8

and

$ 2. 10—

. 3

. 4

. 9

-

$ 2 .3 0

and

under

$ 2. 4 0 —

14. 5

16. 0

11. 3

$ 2 .3 0

and

under

$ 2 .4 0 —

13. 0

13. 2

4. 2

$ 2. 30

and under

$ 2 .4 0 —

14. 7

$ 2. 40

and

under

$ 2. 5 0 —

13. 2

14. 7

11. 5

$ 2 . 40

and

under

$ 2 . 50—

13. 8

14. 4

10. 9

$ 2. 40

and

under

$ 2 .5 0 —

14. 1

14. 6

. 4

$ 2 . 50

and

under

$ 2 . 60 —

7. 4

7. 0

10. 0

$ 2. 50

and

under

$ 2 .6 0 —

13. 7

14. 7

13. 3

$ 2 . 50

and

under

$ 2 . 60 —

13. 1

14. 5

5. 3

$ 2 . 60

and

under

$ 2 . 70—

5. 9

4. 7

12. 8

$ 2 . 60

and

under

$ 2 . 70—

9 .4

9. 6

9. 8

$ 2 . 60

and

under

$ 2 . 70 —

9. 7

10. 0

7. 9

$ 2 . 70

and

under

$ 2 . 80 —

3. 1

2. 9

4. 8

$ 2 . 70

and

under

$ 2 . 80—

9 .4

8. 9

15. 3

$ 2 . 70

and

under

$ 2 . 80 —

1 1 .7

11. 5

13. 4

6. 2

5. 7

10. 1

$ 2. 80

and

under

$ 2 .9 0 —

3. 2

2. 2

12. 0

$ 2. 80

and

under

$ 2. 9 0 —

7 .9

8. 2

1 1 .8

$ 2. 80

and

under

$ 2 .9 0 —

$ 2. 90

and

under

$ 3 .0 0 —

1. 2

. 9

3. 2

$ 2. 90

and

under

$ 3 .0 0 —

5. 0

5. 4

6. 0

$ 2. 90

and under

$ 3 .0 0 —

5. 8

3. 8

14. 7

$ 3 .0 0

and

under

$ 3. 10 —

1. 1

1. 1

. 7

$ 3. 00

and

under

$ 3. 10—

3. 3

3. 1

6. 3

$ 3. 00

and

$ 3. 10 —

4. 7

4. 1

9. 7

.9
.9
.8
1. 2

.8
.9

1. 6

$ 3 . 10

and

under

$ 3 . 20—

2 .4

2. 7

2. 4

$ 3 .1 0

and u n der

$ 3. 20 —

2. 7

2. 0

7. 5

2. 0

$ 3. 20

and under

$ 3 .3 0 —

1. 6

1. 3

3. 8

$ 3 . 20

and under

$ 3 . 30 —

1. 6

1 .3

3.

and

under

$ 3. 40 —

1. 1

1. 1

1. 6

and

under

$ 3 .5 0 —

1 .4

1 .2

3. 5

. 8

. 9

—
—
3. 4 0 —
3 .5 0 —

$ 3 .1 0

and

under

$ 3. 20

$ 3. 20

and

under

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .3 0

and

under

$

$ 3 .4 0

and

under

$

under

$ 3 . 60

$ 3 . 60

and

under

$ 3 . 70

$ 3 . 70

$ 3 . 50

and

and

under

$ 3 . 80

$ 3. 80

and

under

$ 3 .9 0

$ 3. 90

and

under

$ 4 .0 0

and

o v e r

$ 4 . 00

—
—
—
—
—

--------------

N um ber

of w o rk e rs

8
5
3

(3 )
.2
2. 0

--------

.

5

$ 3 .3 0

and under

$ 3 .4 0 —

1. 0

1. 3

. 8

.

7

1. 7

$ 3. 40

and

$ 3 .5 0 —

. 7

1. 0

.4

$ 3. 40

.
.
.

6

2. 6

$ 3 .5 0

and under

$ 3. 60—

1. 2

1. 2

2. 2

7

. 1
. 1
.4

$ 3. 60

and

under

$ 3 .7 0 —

. 7

. 9

. 3

$ 3 . 60

and

under

$ 3 . 70—

. 7

. 7

1. 2

3

$ 3. 70

and

under

$ 3 .8 0 —

. 5

. 6

. 2

$ 3 . 70

and under

$ 3 . 80—

. 7

. 7

1. 4

$ 3. 80

and

under

$ 3 .9 0 —

. 6

. 6

. 9

$ 3. 80

and

under

$ 3 .9 0 —

. 2

. 3

. 1

$ 3. 90

and

under

$ 4 . 00—

. 3

. 4

-

$ 3. 90

and

under

$ 4 . 00 —

. 6

. 2

3. 0

9. 6

$ 4 . 00

and

over

and

o v e r -------------------------

2. 5

1. 0

11. 7

T o t a l -------------------------------------

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

8 ,2 5 7

6 ,4 2 2

1 ,2 0 0

$ 2 . 76

$ 2 . 64

$ 3 .4 9

(3 )
.2
1. 3
1 0 0 .0

100. 0

1 6 ,0 6 0

1 1 ,1 3 2

1 ,7 1 4

under

T otal

$ 2 . 45

$ 2 .4 1

$ 2 . 90

N um ber

o f w o r k e r s ---------------

A verage

h o urly

e a r n i n g s 1---------------------

8

1. 0

$ 3 .3 0

100. 0

T otal

A v era g e

.
.
.

under

2. 8

1. 9

9. 1

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

1 5 ,8 6 8

1 0 ,9 3 4

2 ,6 0 2

$ 4 . 00

and under

$ 3 .6 0 —

$ 2 . 74

$ 2 .6 8

$ 3 . 26

N um ber

o f w o r k e r s ---------------

A verage

h ou rly

e a r n i n g s 1-------------------------------------

$ 3. 50

. 6

h o u rly

e a r n i n g s 1------------------------------------

1 E xcludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for
work on weekends, h olidays, and late sh ifts.
2
Includes plywood and veneer m ills , pulp m ills ,
fiber-board m i l l s , p article-b oard m ills , m olding m ills ,
shingle m il ls , cu t-sto ck m il ls , and box factories in
addition to those shown sep arately.
3
L e ss than 0. 05 percen t.

1
Excludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for
work on weekends, holid ays, and late sh ifts.
2
Includes plywood and veneer m ills , pulp m ills ,
fiber-board m ills , particle-board m ills , molding m ills ,
shingle m ills , c u t-stock m ills , and box factories in
addition to those shown sep arately.
3
L e ss than 0. 05 percent.

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for
work on w eekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
2 Includes plywood and veneer m ills , pulp m ills ,
fiber-board m i l l s , p article-board m ills , molding m ills ,
shingle m ills , cu t-stock m ills , and box factories in
addition to those shown separately.
3
L e ss than 0. 05 percent.

N O T E : B ecau se of rounding,
item s m ay not equal 100.

N O T E : B ecause of rounding,
items m ay not equal 100.

N O TE : B ecause of rounding,
item s m ay not equal 100.




sum s of individual

sums of individual

sums of individual

Table 7.

Occupational Earnings: By R egion

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected production occupations in West Coast sawmills by region, June 1964)
P ercen t

Occupation and region

of
w orkers

hourly
ea rn ­
in gs1

of w orkers

receiving

straig h t-tim e

h o u rly

earn in gs

of—

$ 2 .00 $2.10 $2.20 $2730 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $ 2 .70 $2 .80 $2790 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3 .40 $3 .50 $3 .60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00
Under and
and
$2.00 under
$2 .10 $ 2 .20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3 .20 $3.30 $3.40 $3 .50 $ 3 .60 $3 .70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 over

Saw m ills and planing m ills
B a n d -h ead -saw o p era to rs, conventional______
Douglas F i r ____________________________________
W e ste rn P ine:
N orthern d is t r ic t s _________________________
Southern d istric ts _________________________
R edw ood________________________________________
B a n d -h ea d -sa w op era to rs, r id erle ss
c a r r ia g e _____ ________________________ ________
Douglas F i r ____________________________________
W e ste rn Pine:
Northern d is t r ic t s _________________________
Southern d istric ts _________________________
Re dwood _______________ ______________ _
B arker o p e r a to r s _________________________________
Douglas F ir __ ________________________________
W e ste rn P ine:
Northern d is t r ic t s ____________ __________
Southern d i s t r i c t s _______ ________________
R edw ood________________________________________
B lock setters _____________________________________
Douglas F i r ---- -----------------------------------------------W e ste rn Pine:
Northern d is t r ic t s _________________________
Southern d istric ts _________________________
Redw ood________________________________________
C a r r ie r d rivers ___________________ _______________
Douglas F i r ____ ________________________________
W e ste rn Pine:
N orthern d is t r ic t s _________________________
Southern d istric ts ___________________ ___
R edw ood________________________________________
C ir c u la r -h e a d -sa w operators, conventional___
C ir c u la r -h e a d -sa w o p era to rs, rid erle ss
c a r r ia g e 2___________________________ ______________
Douglas F ir
______________ _____ _______
Cleanup m e n ______________________________________
Douglas F ir ____________________________________
W e ste rn Pine:
Southern d i s t r i c t s _____________ _________
Redw ood________________________________________
C utoff-saw op erators ____________________________
Douglas Fir ____________________________________
W e ste rn Pine:
Northern d is t r ic t s _________________________
Southern d istric ts _________________________
Re dwood ________ - ____ ____ _____________ „_- ____
D ry-k iln op erators _______________________________
W e ste rn Pine:
Northern d is t r ic t s _________________________
Southern d istric ts -------------------------------------Redw ood________________________________________
Edger m e n __________________________________________
Douglas Fir ____________________________________
W e ste rn Pine:
Northern d istric ts _________________________
Southern d i s t r i c t s -------------------------------------R edw ood__ ____________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




172
81

$3. 47
3. 53

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
36
43

3. 14
3. 5 3
3. 42

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

688
217

3. 54
3. 69

-

-

-

-

242
157
72
412
214

3.
3.
3.
2.
2.

26
70
63
67
75

-

-

-

-

-

94
66
38
183
88

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

43
66
85
66
67

-

14
38
43
1, 311
605

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

34
80
61
53
58

255
310
141
21

2.
2.
2.
3.

36
57
53
16

89
50
1, 299
487

3.
3.
2.
2.

34
28
27
32

267
310
235
255
146

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

10
30
33
46
49

18.7

39
22
48
216
63

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

19
43
57
65
71

70
77
6
1 ,2 0 0
479

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

51
71
94
74
83

295
282
144

2. 49
2. 84
2. 78

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4.1
8.6

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7.6
1
50 .0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16.3

-

-

1.3
-

1.3
-

1.3
-

1.2
-

2.3
-

-

-

-

3.7
-

3.7
-

3.7
-

3.3
-

-

4.1
-

5.3
-

6 .8
-

21.1
20.1

26.7
37.4

17.0
15.9

-

2.2
-

18.1
2.2
-

21 .3
3.0
7.7
15.9

20.2
7.6
10.5
10.4
3.4

36.2
15.2
12.6
8 .0

4 .3
31.8
13.2
7.7
3.4

-

-

28.6
3.1
-

28.6
4.8
3.6

5.3
-

28.6
27.9
21.7
19.3

14.3
5 .3
27 .9
33.1
33.4

-

-

13.3
4 .3

14.9
2.1

23.1
1.6
4 .3

40 .4
11.3
20.6

8.2
52.9
33.3

-

-

1.2
-

7.6
-

18.0
23.5

17.4
3.7

5 .8
8.6

19.8
40 .7

4.7
-

5.2
3.7

7.0
7.4

1.7
3.7

16.7
-

33.3
11.1
11.6

_
27 .9

_
61.1
11.6

_
7 .0

_
2 .3

.
18.6

_
16.7
-

_
11.1
4.7

_
_
_

.6
-

5 .8
6 .5

3.2
2.8

10.6
-

12.2
6.5

13.8
28.1

17.3
11.5

6.5
5.5

9.6
11.1

7 .8
21.2

5.1
6.9

6.6
-

1.7
-

1.0
-

2.7
5.1

4.5
3.2
-

30.2
-

16.1
10.2
20 .8
1.7
-

3.7
2 .5
29 .2
-

12.0
36.3
11.1
-

2.5
15.3
4.2
-

.
25.5
2.8
_
-

_
_
11.1
1.7
3.3

_
7.0
12.5

11.9
18.2

8.3
8 .3
-

36.4
31.6
29.5
4 4 .3

6.1
15.8
14.8
13.6

10.5
13.1
11.4

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

5 .3
20.9
19.8
24.8

36.8
2.3
11.7
17.9

21.1
16.3
.5
1.0

31.6
4.7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26.5
19.9

7.7
15.6

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
66 .7
12.4
22.0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.8

6.5
3.7

7.2
4.9

41 .6
41.7

22.2
24 .4

15.9
21.6

2.2
3.7

.7
-

-

-

-

3.5
-

18.7
4.5
.9
4 .3
4 .8

21.0
3.2
1.3
3.1
-

40.1
51.9
29 .4
6.3
4.8

1.5
17.4
47 .7
19.2
22.6

21.6
14.5
18.4
15,1

.6
3.4
16.9
16.4

.6
3.0
21.6
31.5

_
.8
-

_
.4
-

_
3.1
4.8

23.1
-

5.1
4 .2
-

7.7
10.4
-

23.1
4.6

40.9
14.6
6 .9

4 1 .0
31.8
4.2
23.1
7.9

18.2
31.2
12.5
17.5

18.7
12.0
20.6

9.1
20 .8
38.1

-

-

-

2.1
7 .4
1.6

2.1
2 .3
3.2

2.1
-

14.3

10.0
10.4

50 .0
13.0

5.7
15.6

2.9
23 .4
16.7
16.8
13.6

-

-

11.2
27.7
18.1

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .3
2.9

-

1.1
-

5.2
1.5

5.9
1.3

9.2
7.5

4 .3
10.4
33.3
13.1
10.0

4 .4

18.6
”

21 .0
2.1

13.9
1.1
21.5

26.1
7.1
8.3

-

4.7

-

-

-

"

"

-

5.7
14.3

-

_
.4
-

14.6
14.0
-

28.1
50 .0
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_
-

_
19.0

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

12.4
_

4.5
8.0
_

3.4
6 .0
_

_
_
-

_
_

_
14.3
-

2.2
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

22.5
_
-

-

-

-

_
.8
-

_
_
-

_
.4
-

_
.4
-

_
_
-

_
•4
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

2.1
.9

2.1
-

_
1.4

2.1
_

.9

_
_

_
_

_
_

7.1

-

-

2.6
-

-

.5
1.3

-

2.6
16.7
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
2.6
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 .2
4.2
11.1
-

2.8

24 .3
26 .5

2.6
16.7
9.6
13.8

4.7
9.2

5.2
11.3

16.7
2.1
1.3

47 .5
21.5

9.6
15.3

.7
6.9

2.5
.7

3.9
5.6

-

-

_
_
-

_
18.4
-

2.6
-

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

C
O

Table 7. Occupational Earnings:

o

By R e gio n — Continued

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected production occupations in West Coast sawmills by region, June 1964)
P ercent

Occupation and region

of
w orkers

hourly
ea rn ­
in gs1

of w orkers

receiving

s tr a ig h t-tim e

h ou rly

earn in gs

of—

$2.00 $2 .1 0 $2.20 $2 .30 $2 .40 $2 .50 $ 2 .60 $2 .70 $2 .80 $2 .90 $3 .00 $3 .10 $3.20 ■$3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.T0" $3 .70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00
Under and
and
$ 2 .0 0 under
$2.10 $ 2 .2 0 $2 .30 $2 .40 $2 .50 $2.60 $ 2 .70 $2.80 $2.90 $3 .00 $3.10 $3 .20 $3.30 $3.40 $3 .50 $3.60 $3.70 $3 .80 $3.90 $4.00 over

S aw m ills and planing m ills— Continued
E le ctr icia n s, m ain tenan ce____ ___ ______________
Douglas Fir __ _____
_
W e ste rn P ine:
Northern d is t r ic t s _____________________
_
Southern d i s t r i c t s _________ ______ __ _
Redw ood______________________________________
E n d -lift-tru c k o p e r a t o r s _________________________
Douglas F i r _____ __ ________ ____________________
W e ste rn P ine:
Northern d is t r ic t s _________________________
Southern d istric ts __________________ _
_
Re dwood __ ____________________________________
E n gin eers, sta tio n a ry _______________ ____________
Douglas Fir _________________________________________ __
W estern P ine:

412
197

$3. 05
3. 17

_

_
_

_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
7. 6
1 .4

65
99
51
1,4 92
577

2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

85
04
88
52
61

_
_
_
1. 3
-

_
.
_
1. 2
-

_
_
_
2. 5

381
301
233
187
53

2,
2.
2.
2.
2.

33
55
58
70
87

5. 0
_
.

4. 7
.
.
-

9. 7
_
_

17 .6
8. 0
6. 4
11. 2

19. 2
3. 3
4. 3

-

-

_

-

-

36. 2

13. 8

_

_

_

_

,

4. 5

2. 0

5. 7

8. 3

17. 3
8. 9

-

5ft

6_o
16
807
305

2. 67
2. 43
2, 57

F ire m en , station ary b o ile r _______________________________
Hmiglas Fir
W estern P ine:
244
Northern d is t r ic t s ____________________________________
2.
Southern d istr ic ts ____________________________________
2 34
2.
R edw ood __________________________________________________________
24
2.
G r a d e r s, lu m b er, green chain __________________________
582
2.
Douglas Fir ------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 37
2.
W e ste rn Pine:
T fD
sT rthprn H is tr ir ts ?
60
2.
Southern d istr ic ts
_ _
157
2.
Re dwo o d __ _______ _____ ___ _____________ ______
_
128
2.
G rad ers , planed lu m b e r _________________________
1,2 31
2.
Douglas Fir ____________________________________
425
2.
W estern Pine:
N orthern d is t r ic t s _________________________
387
2.
Southern d istric ts
311
3.
R edw ood __________________________________________________________
108
2.
G r a d e r s , rough dry lu m b e r ____________________
220
2.
Douglas F i r ___________________________ _______
50
2.
W estern P ine:
36
N orthern d is t r ic t s _________________________
2.
Southern d istric ts ____________________________________
97
2.
R edw ood__________ ____________________________
37
2.
L oa d e rs, car and truck ____________________________________
1 ,7 6 8
2.
Douglas F ir _____________________________________
2.
806
W estern P ine:
Northern d istric ts
_
510
2.
Southern d istr ic ts
_ .
. _
342
2.
Redw ood ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
3.
Log d eckm en ___
_
. . . . . .
302
2.
Douglas F ir
__
_ _ _
2.
119
W e ste rn P ine:
Northern d is t r ic t s ____________________________________ 73
2.
Southern d istricts ____________________________________ 4 4
2.
Redw ood __________________________________________________________ 6
6
2.
Lum ber sta c k e r s, air drying or sto r a g e 2_______
2.
364
W estern P ine:
Northern d is t r ic t s ____________________________________ 126
2.
Southern d i s t r i c t s _________________________
152
3.
R edw ood ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2.
44

See footnotes at end of table.




0 .5
_

20
48
38
73
72
47
82
78
86
88
68
05
83
86
86
56
96
90
92
95
79
98
10
41
42

14. 8

6. 6 18. 9

_

.

_

_

_

_

1. 7
_

2. 7
_

3. 6

3. 1 10. 8 13. 8 15.
_
_
_
4.
_
_
2.
3. 9
5. 6 16. 8 32. 0 18.
12. 1 36. 9 23.

4
0
0
8
6

8. 6

17.
1
18!
17. 3 32.
16. 7 52.
_

2
7
8
7
5

3.
5.
50.
5.
5.

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

.

_

_

-

_

_

1. 6

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

-

_

.
-

-

-

-

2. 8

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1. 5

9. 0

_

-

-

-

14. 2
18. 2

5. 5

_

_

_

_

_

_

4. 6

2. 0

2. 0

_

_

_

10. 9
11. 8

20. 2
25. 2

26. 0

12. 3 26. 0
5. 5
2. 7
31. 8 36. 4 22. 7
9. 1
12. 1 12. 1 31. 8 2 1 .2
14. 6
6. 9
3. 3
6. 0

1.

6

5

_

. 7
_

_

2. 3

8. 3

5. 9

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

3. 6

_

_

5

5. 1 29. 0
_
3. 5
_

_

8. 2

_

_

_

-

9. 1

-

-

7. 7

_

. 5

20. 9

22. 2

60. 3

19. 2

15
23
77

2 .6

3 1 .7
. 6
. 8
1. 9

_

_

23
46
54
72

10. 0

_

1 .6

_

_

_

-

"

"

“

~

14. 5
9. 4
_

6. 7
1 3 .3
18. 5 22. 9
16. 4 51. 6
12. 3 18. 2
16. 2 15. 5

16.
4.
.
13.
18.

16.
2.
9.
6.
6.

22. 2 44.
_
2.
_
5.
6.
19. 2
23. 8
7.
14.
11.
31.
29.
37.

.

14.
10.
8.
5.

10. 7
3. 8

16. 7

2. 0
5. 2

6. 6

6. 6

4. 5

6. 8

_

_

_
. 8

1. 3
2. 3

1. 7
1. 5

1. 9
1. 5

0. 2
_

_
_

_
.

_
_

2. 7
4. 6

5 15. 4
1
5. 1
_
8
4
. 1

_
4. 0
_
.

3. 1
2. 0
_

3. 1
3. 0
_

_
1. 0
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

2. 0
.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
-

.7
-

_

_
_

-

.
_

_
_
_

_
_

10. 8
15. 2
17. 6
.5
-

1.
7.
7.
.

_
3. 0
3. 2
11. 3

.5
.7
.9
1. 6
5. 7

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

_

.

_

_

.

.

_
_
_
0. 5
1. 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

5. 7
6. 3

3. 3
5. 1

5. 0
1. 3

_

3
8
7
8
0

_

1. 7
1. 5

14. 1
7. 2

3 24. 5 18.
3. 5 13.
9
3.
3 48. 1
8 14. 5 16.
0
6. 0 40.

14. 6
13. 6

9. 7
12. 7

19. 4
34. 5

_
_

30. 0

5
1. 3
.

0
8
8
9

2
9
9
6
0

10. 0 22. 1
3. 6 30. 5

1. 3
1. 0
_
15. 5
35. 8

35.
7.
15.
17.

4 1 1. 1 19. 4
4. 1
1
8. 2
4 10. 8 37. 8
4. 4
4
7. 3
2
8. 1
1. 5

1
1. 6
7 11. 7
8
6. 4
1 19. 5
8 20. 2

15. 9
_
2. 6
2. 3 45. 5

_

30. 9
31. 2

2 1 .7
2. 5
5. 5
7. 6
3. 8
0
5
9
2
0

16. 5
6 .6

4 .6
2
9. 2
0 26. 3 27. 3
7 45. 1
7. 8
3. 8
5
7
8. 3

4 20. 7
0 46. 7
0 31. 3
3. 7
9
6
9. 8

_

_

9.
3.
15.
9.
17.

31. 2
8. 7
2. 1
8 .6 51. 2 22. 9
3. 7
15. 0 33. 5 29. 2 12. 0
2. 7
7. 5 12. 3 29. 9
_
18. 9 20. 8

16. 8 34. 0
8. 2
. 8
7. 3 26. 5 41. 9 13. 2
11. 1
_
_
54. 2 29. 2 16. 7
1. 0
1. 7
3. 7 11. 9 22. 0
. 4
19. 0 29. 5
16. 7

5. 6
3. 0

16.
2.
3.
7.

5
7
8
6

8
. 8
8. 9
14. 6

3
9
2
4

6.
12.
13.
1 1.

4
5
7
3

. 5
9
9. 6
5 25. 9
2 13. 2
0

3.
33.
1.
3.
6.

6
8
9
6
0

10.

-

12.
6.
18.
14.

-

20. 6
24. 3
. 8
. 7

.

_

1. 6

_

.

2. 3

_

9
. 9
2. 3

4
6
2. 7
. 7
_

3. 0
17. 0

39^
4. 5

34. 0

1.
3.
11.
18.

.

5

_
_

.
_

_

9

. 5

_
5. 5

_

_

-

_

-

.
_

_

_

_

_

-

3. 7

.

-

_

_

2.
1.
3.
10.

6
9
2
0

2. 1

1.
12.
1.
4.

3
2
9
1

2
4
5
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

0. 1

_

_

_

-

_

. 4
_

_

1. 3

_

-

_

_

2. 6

1. 3

_

_

_

_

_

_

.
_

2. 3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

2. 8
1. 5

1. 8
2. 7

4. 1
8. 7

.

2. 5
1. 5
5. 5

4. 1
3. 5
4. 5

4. 7
2. 0
5. 5

_

_

_

1. 8
3. 6

_

3. 5

_

2. 7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3. 3
2. 3

. 8
3. 5

_

_

1. 9
8
3

_

_

5. 3
6. 9

-

1. 4

10. 6

.

_

5

13. 5
1. 6
. 5

-

_

.

6

.
_

-

-

-

7.
5.
1.
1.

_

2

_

_

1. 6
2. 4

2. 0
4. 0

.

_

_

5. 2

.

_

_

_

_
1.

. 5
1. 9

-

7

10. 0
7. 3
12. 5
12. 3
10. 9
_

_

_

-

_

_

_

1

2. 7

. 8

_

_

_

_

1.

2. 6
13. 6

_

_

_

_

_

2. 6 25. 0

6. 8

"

“

*

_

13. 2

_

_

4. 5

-

-

9. 1

_

_
1

10. 4

-

T able 7.

Occupational Earnings:

By R e g io n ----- Continued

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected production occupations in West Coast sawmills by region, June 1964)

Occupation and region

iNumDer
of
w orkers

Percent of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
hourly
p .o o $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2750" $2.60 $ 2 .70 $2 .80 $ 2 .9 0 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $ 3 .30 $3.40" $3.50 $ 3 .60 $ 3 .7 0 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00
earn ­ Under and
and
ings1 $ 2 .0 0 under
$2 .10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2 .60 $2 .70 $2 .8 0 $2 .90 $3.00 $3 .10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3 .50 $3 .6 0 $ 3 .70 $3 .8 0 $3 .90 $4.00 over

Saw m illing and planing m ills — Continued
Lum ber sta c k e r s, kiln d r y in g _________________
. ......
Douglas F ir _______________
W estern Pine:
Northern d is t r ic t s _____ ___________________
Southern d istric ts __ _
...
Redwood _ _
_ ..
..................
M ach in ists, m ain tenan ce____________ _ ___
Douglas F ir
W e ste rn Pine:
Northern d is t r ic t s _________ _____ ____
Southern d i s t r i c t s ________ —
________
Redw ood____________________
M ech anics, a u to m o tiv e ___ __ ____
Douglas F i r _________________ __ _____ __ ____ ___
W estern Pine:
Northern d is t r ic t s ______ - — — ....... ....
Southern d i s t r i c t s _________ ___ —_________
R edw ood__ _ ________________ ...............
M ech anics, m a in te n a n c e _______— — - ..
Douglas F i r ________ _____ — _______
W e ste rn Pine:
Northern d is t r ic t s ________ — _____
Southern d i s t r i c t s ________ — — „
R edw ood_____ ________ . .
O ff-b e a r e r s , head rig ___ ___ ___________ ____ _
Douglas F ir _ _ __________
W estern Pine:
N orthern d is t r ic t s __
__
__
Southern d i s t r i c t s _____
_ .
R edw ood__________
„
__
.................. ,
O ff-b e a r e r s , machine 3__________________
Douglas F ir ____________________
W e ste rn P ine:
N orthern d is t r ic t s ____ ___ ____ __ ________ _
Southern d istricts __________ __ ______ ___ _
Redw ood_____________
_____ ____
P laner op erators (feed only) _ __
__
_____
Douglas F i r _______ _
„_rmil.r
..
W e ste rn P ine:
N orthern d i s t r i c t s ...__ ________ ___________
Southern d istric ts _________________________
R edw ood__________
___
. . . . . . . ________
P laner op erators (set up and o p e r a te )________
Douglas F i r ______
_
W e ste rn P ine:
N orthern d is t r ic t s __
Southern d i s t r i c t s __
Redw ood___
_
. _
P o n d m e n _________ _ _
... __ .............. ...
Douglas F ir
.... .
W e ste rn P ine:
Northern d istric ts _____
Southern d istric ts
____
Redwood
Saw f ile r s , benchwnrk
___
Douglas F ir __
...
. _
W estern P ine:
Northern d istric ts —
Southern d istric ts
______
Redwood __

See footnotes at end of table.




682
226

$ 2 . 83
2. 68

_
_

2. 6
_

6. 0
_

0. 9
_

7. 6 21. 7
11. 5 35. 0

13. 3 11. 4
11. 5 21. 7

3. 1
1. 3

2 34
189
33
331
144

2.
3.
2.
2.
3.

73
19
61
93
03

_
_
_
.
_

7. 7
_
_
_
_

17. 5
_
_
_
_

2. 6
_
.
_
_

65
84
38
318
131

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

72
94
87
83
91

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
2. 2
5. 3

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
2. 5
_

12. 3
_
_
3. 8
_

7. 7
_
_
3. 5
_

18. 5
_
_
2. 2
_

12. 3 18. 5
_
1. 2
_
39. 5
6. 6 15. 4
3. 1
6. 1

65
80
42
1, 083
479

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

62
84
89
86
94

_
_
_

_
_
_
-

_

_

12. 3
_
_
1. 0
1. 5

18. 5
_
_
3. 1
.

9. 2
6. 3
_
3. 0
_

10. 8

-

_
_
_
1. 0
1. 5

9.
10.
7.
8.
6.

188
221
195
867
329

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

60
85
93
43
53

_
_

.
_

-

-

2. 7
_

1. 0
_

247
173
118
676
252

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

25
47
50
34
43

9. 3
.
.
2. 8
.

3. 6
.
.
4. 9

244
125
55
818
391

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

18
41
54
44
51

7. 8
.
.6
_

2. 1
_

5.1

256
118
53
525
249

2. 27
2. 49
2 .6 2
2. 84
2. 87

2. 0
.
_
.
.

6. 6
.
_
_
_

18. 4
.
.
.
.

25. 4
.
_
2. 7
5. 6

32. 8
16. 1
_
_
_

12. 9
.4
4 6 .6 24. 6
30. 2 18. 9
12. 0
4. 8
_

.
.
5. 9
1. 2

.
.
4. 5
2. 4

_
.
.
7. 9
1. 0

_
_
_
13. 9
7. 2

25. 8
_
_

16. 0
_
_

98
104
74
1, 177
595

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

57
96
94
45
56

244
262
76
618
207

2.
2.
2.
3.
3.

17
44
50
64
73

180
144
87

3. 56
3. 65
3. 56

2. 1
_
3. 1
_

2. 1 18. 1
_
.
_
_
9. 9 20. 6
7. 3
7. 9

13. 5 22. 5

39. 8
13. 6

-

2. 0
_
9. 4
_
.
.

_

_

-

-

_

.

9. 7
3. 6

16.
34.
36.
18.’
13.

.

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

_

"

5.
33.
19.
9.
16.

•

"

6
3. 8
4. 8
9
_
1
5 10. 6
9
4. 9

3. 7

0. 1

2. 1
_
3. 2
. 5 13. 8
_
_
_
3. 0
18. 7 19. 0 23. 6 12. 1
13. 5 16. 7 36. 1 19. 4

6. 0
4. 2
9. 1
1. 5
_

3. 0
1. 5
2. 8

3. 1
6. 2
4. 6
35. 7 33. 3 23. 8
28. 9 18. 4
7. 9
18. 9 20. 4 17. 9
16. 0 33. 6 27. 5

4. 8
2. 6
1. 3

6. 9
9. 3

3
0
7
9
8

_

2.
11.
19.
2.
2.

7 10. 6
8 42. 5
5 19. 0
2
. 3
7

_

_

3. 5
3. 4
. 1

1. 7
_

2.
18.
14.
.
1.

7
7. 4
1 10. 9
9 15. 9
5
.8
2

16. 9
2. 6
2. 5
3. 8

3. 8
4. 3
7. 1
.5
3. 2
2. 6
_
_

5
8
6
5

_
_

2. 3
2. 7

2. 1

1. 7
19. 0

5. 3

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

1. 2

_
_

1. 9
4. 6

. 3

2. 6

7. 6
2. 7

7. 7

6. 8
15. 9
.9
2. 1

_

_
_
_

.6

2. 5
1. 7
.6

2. 4
.7

_

_

5. 1
_
_

7. 7
_

4. 1
_

_
_
_

_

. 1

_

0. 7
1. 7

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

.5
_

_

.5

”

2. 7
_
_

_

_

.6
1. 2

1. 8
2. 1
2. 6

2. 0
.8

.7
1. 5

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

10. 3
13. 7

6. 9
3. 6

5. 5
2. 8

_
_
_

0
1. 0
1. 0
3 25. 0
5. 8
9
8. 1 17. 6
2
2. 4
. 1
_
4
4. 7

5. 1
13. 5
10. 8
_
_

5. 1
7. 7
12. 2
_
_

_
_

_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

3. 4
3. 4

4. 4
5. 8

6 .6
6. 8

7. 0
7. 7

5. 8
2. 9

10. 4
4. 3

9. 7 12. 1
10. 1 13. 5

6. 0
4. 8

4. 5 4 21. 8
4. 8 31. 9

4. 4
1. 4
4. 6

6. 7
1. 4
1. 1

8. 9
2. 8
8. 0

7. 8
2. 8
10. 3

7. 8
7. 6
5. 7

li. 1
16. 0
13. 8

11. 1 15. 6
3. 5
9. 0
16. 1
6. 9

.6
12. 5
9. 2

1. 7 16. 1
9. 7 18. 1
1. 1 16. 1

4
4 31. 2 16. 0
4 20. 0
7. 3
9 24! 4 23! 5
3 24. 6 38. 9

4.
1.
10.’
14.

8
8
3
8

1.
12.
13.
12.
19.

6
7
2
8
7

_
13. 2 24. 5
12. 4
9. 9 18. 7
16. 9
9. 2 26. 1

60. 2
7. 1 15.
3. 8
9. 6
1.
_
10. 8
1.
26. 5 19. 7
8.
27. 7 2 6 .6 13.

3
9
4
3
6

4.
4.
18.
7.
13.

1
8
9
6
3

5. 9
2. 1

25. 5

1.
16.
14.
1.
2.

_

_

2. 7
13. 2
.6
1 .4

2. 7
3. 9
1. 8
_

_
.
_
.6
.5

_
_
1. 3
3. 7
.5

15. 3

_

.6

_

_

6. 1
_

1. 7
_

6. 9

"

“

-

_

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

2.
4.
1.
1.

6. 7
2. 7

_

2
6
4
6

_
_

_

0. 7

_
_
_
_
_

1.
13.
2.
3.

_
_

1. 5
1. 3

4 .6 16. 9
18. 5
2
0 27. 5 27. 5 20. 0
1 38. 1 14. 3 11. 9 21. 4
6 12. 7 17. 2 14. 7 24. 0
9 14. 4
7. 3 17. 7 40. 0

7
5
5
8
7

30. 0 10. 2
1. 6
7. 0
3. 1 32. 1 45. 0 14. 5
7. 9 15. 8 15. 8 42. 1
_
1. 5
_
_
_
1. 4

_

-

5. 0
_

5.
6.
9.
4.
4.

17. 6 20. 2 13.
_
4. 5
9.
3. 1
7.
19. 1 27. 8 11.
10. 6 44. 4 25.

10. 9 20. 2 40. 5
9. 7
_
2. 9 22. 0 3 5 .3
_
5. 9 12. 7 39. 0
8. 7 18. 8 30. 0 20. 4
_
5. 2 39. 7 34. 9

7. 3

_
-

4. 7 22. 6
9. 0
_
7. 4
19. 0
3. 0 48. 5 24. 2
2. 4
1. 5
3. 6
_
_
_

0. 1
.4

0 .9

_

2. 9
1. 2

.6

11. 5

_
4. 1

_
_
_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_

_
. 2

_
1. 4

~

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_

"
_

Table 7.

Occupational Earnings:

By R egion ----- Continued

1
0

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected production occupations in West Coast sawmills by region, June 1964)
Percent

of w orkers

receivin g

straight -tim e

h ou rly

earn in gs

oif—

A verage
O ccu p ation

and

$ 2 .0 0

h ou rly

of

region

in gs1

planing

m ills—

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 .1 0

$ 3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$ 3 .6 0

$3

70

$ 3 .8 0

$ 3 .9 0

$4 .0 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 .1 0

$ 3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$ 3 .6 0

$ 3 .7 0

$ 3 .8 0

$ 3 .9 0

$4 .0 0

over

1 6 .6

and

$ 2 .0 0 under
$ 2 .1 0

and

$ 2 .2 0

and

w orkers

Saw m ills

$ 2 .1 0

C on tinu ed

h e l p e r s ---------------------------------------

380

$2. 73

_

_

0. 5

1 .8

4. 5

5. 8

____________________________

134

2. 87

-

-

-

-

-

2. 2

N orthern

d i s t r i c t s _____________________________________

108

2. 50

-

-

1 .9

6. 5

3 8 .9

12. 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Southern

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

81

2, 75

-

-

-

-

-

3. 7

14. 8

1 6 .0

39. 5

9. 9

3. 7

9 .9

2. 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

57

2. 81

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 5 .8

12. 3

28. 1

10. 5

7. 0

19. 3

3. 5

3. 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

198

2. 80

-

-

-

-

-

4. 5

4. 0

21. 2

20. 2

21. 7

12. 1

10. 1

2. 0

3. 5

-

-

0. 5

-

-

-

-

-

_______

69

2 . 91

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 1 .6

14. 5

21. 7

21. 7

20. 3

-

10. 1

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

N orthern

d i s t r i c t s _____________________________________

80

2. 68

-

-

-

-

-

42. 5

12. 5

16. 3

5. 0

2. 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Southern

Saw

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

-

14. 7

-

2. 9

-

file rs,

fitters

and

D o u g la s

F i r ______________________

W estern

-

12. 9

27. 1

6 .8

10. 3

8. 2

3. 2

0. 5

-

1. 8

-

-

_

-

-

-

11. 9

32. 8

9 .0

23. 9

9 .0

6 .0

-

-

5. 2

-

-

-

-

-

"

P in e:

Setup

m en ,

D o u g la s

w oodw orkin g

m a c h i n e s ________________

F i r ____________________________________________

W estern

34

2. 89

-

-

9 .8

20. 8

30. 9

1 .9

6. 1

26. 5

44. 7

19. 4

24. 4

2 3 .9

1 3 .9

1 .0

2 , 181

2 .4 3

-

5. 5

840

2. 26

4. 3

5. 0

d i s t r i c t s _____________________________________

Southern

d i s t r i c t s _____________________________________

plan ed

D o u g la s

l u m b e r ___ ______________ —
— —
------------- —
—

F i r ______________________________________________________

38. 2

8. 8

8 .8

13. 3

-

6. 7

6. 7

4. 0

3. 8

2. 6

1. 2

. 4

9. 1

1. 2

. 2

2. 6

1 .4

-

-

-

-

1. 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

8. 1

1 .0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 .8

2. 7

-

-

-

3. 0

-

1. 0

-

-

1. 7

-

-

. 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

0 .4

-

0. 2

-

-

-

0. 7

-

14. 8

18. 7

5. 4

23. 1

12. 9

8. 1

4 .9

1 .6

. 3

2. 7

-

1 .7

-

. 9

13. 1

1 9 .4

23. 9

12. 3

1 1 .0

2. 7

3. 3

4. 3

2. 6

1. 1

. 3

-

-

5. 4

15. 1

29. 2

30. 3

12. 2

1 .6

. 9

. 2

1! 4 3 8

2 .4 1

1. 9

2. 9

2. 9

30. 6

44. 9

15. 7

1. o

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12. 7

17. 5

48. 1

1 2 .4

4. 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

( 5)

P in e:
2 . 19

5. 0
-

-

-

________________________

_

-

. 3

________________________________

963

2. 67

-

4. 6

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

261

2. 69

-

-

d i s t r i c t s _____________________________________

190

2. 33

-

_____________________________________

396

2. 83

-

-

-

R e d w o o d ___________________________________________________________

116

2. 62

-

-

-

852

2. 50

2. 8

i. 6

2. 8

8. 0

303

2. 62

-

-

-

-

221

2. 26

8. 1

6. 3

R e d w o o d ________________________________
rough
F ir

dry

lu m b er

-

-

-

-

9. 2

42. 0

3 1 .4

8. 6

4 .9

2. 0

. 8

-

-

-

1. 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

37. 1

17. 7

25. 8

2. 0

4. 6

. 9

. 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11. 3

-

-

1. 5

6 .0

1 8 .4

2 1 .8

1 6 .9

2. 1

-

. 3

5. 5

5 .4

4. 3

3. 9

2. 3

1. 1

. 4

. 5

-

0. 3

0. 3

4 .4

-

-

10. 0

29. 5

39. 8

1. 1

-

-

-

5. 7

-

4. 6

4. 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

4. 6

18. 9

9. 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14. 6

24. 7

6 .9

49. 1

14. 7

9 .9

13. 0

30. 0

18. 8

6. 5

8 .9

3 9 .9

3 1 .4

6 .9

P in e:

N orthern
Southern

d istricts

______________________________________________________________
F ir

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

23. 2

7. 4

26. 3

. 7

14. 9
-

14. 7

-

3. 5

-

. 5

5. 6

9. 1

9 .8

4. 5

-

2. 5

1 .0

-

-

. 8

. 8

2. 6

-

. 9

2. 6

.9

1 .7

6 .9

8. 6

.9

-

4. 3

-

-

-

7. 6
-

5 .4

. 7

. 2

-

-

-

. 2

-

-

-

-

-

10. 9

1. 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P in e:

N orth ern

d i s t r i c t s _____________________________

_____

2. 52

-

R e d w o o d ___ _________________________________ ______ _______________

122

2. 58

4 .9

T r i m m e r m e n 6------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,0 9 8

2 . 57

.9

Southern

D o u g la s
W estern

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

F ir

------------------------------------------------------------------------

206

. 8

446

2 . 67

-

-

254

2. 35

3. 9

3. 5

10. 9

25. 8

-

-

-

9. 0

3. 7

2. 6

-

-

26. 2
11. 2
.8
4. 7
.4

3. 2

18. 9

47. 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 .9

24. 6

22. 1

18. 0

10. 7

1. 6

1. 6

-

-

-

1. 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

21. 5

1 9 .6

20. 5

1 1 .4

9 .7

1 .8

2. 1

. 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

d i s t r i c t s ________________________________

13. 8

7. 5

10. 6

14. 1

18. 6

2 .9

4. 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 8 .4

28. 0

1 0 .2

5. 5
28. 0

271

2. 57

_

-

-

1 .8

8. 1

15. 5

3 1 .0

127

2. 63

-

-

4. 7

3. 1

.8

17. 3

18. 1

d istric ts
2 or

3

saw

5. 8

-

-

-

-

7 .9

-

-

1 1 .4

1. 8

2 4 .4

15. 0

1. 5

. 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .4

. 8

5. 5

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

“
-

operation

__________________________________________________________
F i r ________________________________________________

146

2. 39

-

6. 2

12. 3

6. 2

2. 1

37. 7

19. 2

1 6 .4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

48

2. 50

-

-

-

-

4. 2

2 9 .2

37. 5

2 9 .2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

58

2. 22

-

-

37. 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P in e:

N orthern
Southern

d i s t r i c t s ________________________________
d istricts

_______________________________

R e d w o o d ______________________________________________________
T rim m e rm e n ,

4

to

10

saw

15. 5

3 1 .0

1 5 .5

-

-

20

2. 58

-

-

-

-

-

30. 0

20. 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

2 .4 5

-

-

-

-

5. 0

65. 0

30. 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

o p eration
212

2. 53

_

-

94

2. 39

-

-

________________________________

98

2 . 61

-

-

-

R e d w o o d ______________________________________________________

12

2. 79

"

"

-

__________________________________________________________

W estern

16. 5

13. 0

________________________________

Southern

W estern

1. 8

44. 9

R e d w o o d ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------T rim m e rm e n ,

D o u g la s

-

17. 6

P in e:

N orthern

m an)

. 5

3. 8

2 .4 3

(1

-

.9

2 .4 3

m an)

0 .4

1. 1

345

(1

. 1

2 . 37

491

W estern

26. 5
73. 3

3. 4

10. 9

2. 80

d i s t r i c t s _____________________________________

D o u g la s

-

2. 53

d i s t r i c t s ----------------- --------------------------------------

T a lly m en

“

10. 0

668

N orth ern

W estern

-

702

Southern

D o u g la s

-

2 ,9 3 3

659

S o rters,

10. 2

P in e:

N orthern

W estern

-

4. 8

2. 47

R e d w o o d ___________________________________________________________
S o r te r s,

-

-

-

4 , 391

_____________________________________________________

F ir

W estern

-

11. 3

3 .9

2. 78

c h a i n __________________________________________

green

D o u g la s

14. 8

P in e:

15
S o rters,

15. 7

8. 0

2. 8

9 .0

18. 1

2. 1

20. 2

50. 0

22. 6

16. 5

11. 3

4. 7

-

-

3. 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40. 4

10. 6

8. 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8. 2

37. 8

26. 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

'

"

21. 7

P in e:

N orthern
Southern

d i s t r i c t s ________________________________
d istricts

See footnotes at end of table,




33. 3

-

“

“

8. 3

24. 5

3. 1
“

-

_

-

58. 3

*

Table 7.

Occupational Earnings:

By R e g io n — Continued

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected production occupations in West Coast sawmills by region, June 1964)
c >f w o r k e r s

P ercent
N um ber
O ccu p ation

and

region

of
w orkers

h ourly

$ 2 .0 0

earn ­

Under

and

planing

straig h t- tim e

h ou rly

earn in gs

of—

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 .1 0

$ 3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$ 3 .6 0

$ 3 .7 0

$ 3 .8 0

$ 3 .9 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$3 .0 0

$ 3 .1 0

$ 3 .2

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$ 3 .6 0

$ 3 .7 0

$ 3 .8 0

$ 3 .9 0

$ 4 .0 0

and

in gs 1

$ 4 .0 0

under
$ 2 .1 0

S a w m ills

receivin g

Average

and
over

m i l l s ------ C o n t i n u e d

T r i m m e r m e n 6— C o n t i n u e d
T rim m e rm e n .
(1

11

or

m o re

saw

o p era tio n

m a n ) --------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------D o u g la s

249

$ 2 . 54

------- -------------------------

110

W estern

------------------------------

65

2. 37

d i s t r i c t s --------------------------------------------------

62

2. 57

4. 0

_

_

-

_

_

3. 2
_

12. 3

2. 62

F i r -------------------------------------

4. 4

24. 1

30. 9

17. 3

10. 0

3. 6

_

15. 5

39. 1

20. 0

17. 3

8. 2

_

1. 6
_

0. 8
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

P in e:

N orth ern

d i s t r i c t s -------------

Sou th ern
T rim m e rm e n ,

4

to

10

saw

_

_

-

_

_

15. 4

44. 6

2 1 ,5

17. 7

2 1 .0

25. 8

15. 1

_

2 1 .9

6. 2
2 1 .0

_

_

_

_

4. 8

-

6. 5

3. 2

o p era tio n
73

D o u g la s

F i r ---------------------------------- -------- -------------------------------

W estern

2. 52

31

2. 57

_

-

32

2. 51

-

-

_

-

_

Sou th ern

d i s t r i c t s --------- -----------------------------------------

T rim m e rm e n ,

1 1 or

m o re

saw

_

23. 3

39. 7

45. 2

45. 2

..

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P in e:
34. 4

9. 7
9 .4

9 .4

46. 9

10. 0

9. 2

23. 4

20. 3

2 1 .4

4. 5

5. 8

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

4. 4

2. 6

29. 5

19. 4

29. 5

5. 7

8. 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37. 5

12. 5
-

o p era tio n

1 h e l p e r ) ---------------------------- --------

359

2. 69

_

_

2. 2

227

2. 76

_

_

1. 7
_

1 .4

--------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

N orth ern

d i s t r i c t s ----------- ------------------------------------

16

2. 4 2

_

_

_

_

Sou th ern

d i s t r i c t s --------------------------------------------------

47

2. 54

-

_

_

25. 5

25. 5

25. 5

8. 5

4. 3

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

R e d w o o d --------------- ------------------- ----------------------------------------------

69

2. 63

-

-

8. 7

-

-

1 1 .6

18. 8

7. 2

36. 2

1 1 .6

4. 3

1 .4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25

2. 66

_

_

_

_

_

24. 0

8. 0

32. 0

12. 0

24. 0

_

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
-

_
-

-

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(trim m e rm a n

and

D o u g la s

F ir -

W estern

P in e:

T rim m e rm e n ,
(trim m e rm a n

11

or

and

m o re

saw

o p era tio n

2 h e l p e r s ) ----------------------------------

W a t c h m e n ------------ -------- — -------------------------------------------------------------------D o u g la s

F i r ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W estern

10. 6

50. 0
_

651

2, 20

13. 1

7. 1

11. 2

24. 3

28. 4

13. 1

2. 9

_

278

2. 28

2. 5

15. 1

5. 4

28. 4

34. 9

10. 4

3. 2

_

_
_

_

1. 9 2

44. 3

3. 8

29. 2

17. 0

5. 7

17. 6

1 1 .9
6. 6

25. 6

27. 8

17. 0

17. 6

36. 3

28. 6

-

-

-

P in e:

N orthern

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

106

Southern

d i s t r i c t s -------------------------------------------- --------------

176

2. 18

91

2. 3 6

-

p o w e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

142

3. 72

_

_

o p e r a t o r s ----------- ---------------------------------------------------------

532

3. 04
3 . 13

_
_

_
_

112

2. 85

_

13 3

3 . 01

_
_
_

R e d w o o d ------------------- --- -------------------------------------------------

-------------

_
-

1 1 .0

D oggin g
B u ck ers,
B u lld o zer
D o u g la s

F i r ------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

W estern

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

. 9

1. 7

4. 1

2. 6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4. 5

8. 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

1 .5

_

2. 8
16. 7

_
8. 8

_
25. 2

_
17. 1

-

-

-

19. 2

0. 4

0. 2

1. 7

1 .3

37. 8

_

-

-

_

8. 0

8. 5

-

-

2. 1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4. 1

_

_

_

_

1. 1
2. 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

64. 1

12. 0

12. 7

P in e:

N orthern

S n n t lip r n

d i s t r i c t s ------------------------------------------------

rti < t -H /-t e s

R e d w o o d -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Cat

_
_
_

d riv e rs,
D o u g la s
W estern

s k i d d i n g ------

-------------------

—

__

_

__

F i r ------------------------------------------------------------------------

238

49

3, 08

732

2. 97

297

2 . 11

----------------------------------------------

121

2. 64

_

_

d i s t r i c t s - --------------------------------------------------

211

2. 87

_
_

_
_
_
_

N orthern
Southern

d istric ts

____________________

103

3. 13

C h o k e r m e n ---------------------------------- --------------- --- ------------------ --------

1 , 795

2. 59

W estern

___

F i r -------------------------------------------

N orthern

-------------------------

1 , 169

2. 62

_
_

d i s t r i c t s --------------------------------------------------

165

2. 36

_

------------------ -----------------------------

319

2. 53

_
_
_

16. 4

t r u c k d r i v e r s --------------------------------------------------------------

270

2. 63

_
_
_

_

2. 2

F i r ------------------------------------------------------- ------------------

219

2. 65

_

_

_

21

2. 42

_

21

2 . 61

_

_
_

Southern

D o u g la s
W estern

_

. 5
_

7. 8

3. 3

47. 1

. 7
_

_

38. 4

8. 9

20. 3

1 8 .8

9 .4

18. 2

14. 5

1 1 .9

2. 4

12. 8

14. 1

2. 4

2 0 .4

6. 1

_
38. 3
53. 1

8. 9
14. 3

_

-

8. 3

8. 2

2. 0

1

2. 0

_

12. 7

15. 6

2. 2

2. 7

2 3 .9

36. 7

5. 1

-

. 8
-

-

6. 6

4.

1 1 .6

_
_

_
_

1 .9

5. 2

8. 1

_

_

1 .5

4. 1

1 1 .6

12. 4

_
_

22. 7

37. 4

_
_
27. 7
30.

1

_

45. 3
63. 0

1 .0

5. 6

2. 5

3. 0

. 9

18. 5

3. 3
20. 4

-

-

. 9

24. 3

32. 0

19. 4

. 8
_

. 6
. 9

. 3
. 5

_

_

-

4. 9

5. 8

-

. 4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4. 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

. 9
-

_

_

_

_

. 4
_

_

2. 9

1 .0

1 1 .7

d i s t r i c t s --------------------------

142

2. 69

_
_

23. 9

4. 2

_

. 7
_

14. 8

13. 7

6. 7

13. 7

30. 0

15. 9

_

_

-

-

2. 2

16. 0

15. 1

5. 5

10. 0

32. 0

18. 7

-

-

-

-

2. 7

9. 5

23. 8

9. 5

-

28. 6

2 1 .2

_
_

32. 7

2 1 .2

12. 5

29. 2

_

_

_

_

30. 7
33. 1

_

12. 5
25. 4

1 4 .4
1 3 .4

_

3. 6

. 6

-

-

-

-

P in e:

N orth ern
Southern

d i s t r i c t s ----------- -------------------------------------d i s t r i c t s --------

------------------------

-----------

28. 6

_

_

_

_
19. 0

_

-

-

-

-

_

2. 0

6. 1

4. 3

3 .4

3. 8

17. 3

22. 6

1 1 .0

14.

1

4. 5

2. 2

_

_

6. 3

_

2. 4

19. 3

28. 0

19. 3

16. 9

6. 3

1. 6

13. 0

1 1 .7

-

16. 9

28. 6 38.
55

D o u g la s

-------------------- ------------ -----------------F i r - ______________________________________________ ______

W estern

P in e:

E n gin eers,

3. 6

_

19. 6

24. 4

P in e:

R e d w o o d ----------------------------------------------D um p

_

23. 9

3. 8

P in e:

R e d w o o d __________________________
D o u g la s

1 .9

3. 8

4. 2

lo g

N orth ern
Southern

loadin g

d i s t r i c t s -----------

—

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------

R e d w o o d ------------- ---------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of t a b le .




-

---------

---------

______________

—

—

—
—

446

3. 16

254

3. 27

_

_

_

_

1. 1
_

4. 0

2 3 .4

77

2. 75

_

_

_

_

6. 4

70

3 . 21

_

_

_

_

_

45

3 . 15

-

-

-

_

_
-

2. 2

„

1

9. 5

_

4. 8

-

-

-

-

1 1 .1

6

3. 9
30. 0
6. 7

1. 3

_
4. 4

10. 4
2. 9
1 1 .1

1 3 .0

-

2. 9

8. 6

18. 6

-

20. 0

20. 0

15. 6

14. 3
22. 2

-

-

-

_

5. 7

8. 6

5. 7

-

“

"

~

-

-

“

Table 7. Occupational Earnings:

By R egion ----- Continued

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected production occupations in West Coast sawmills by region, June 1964)
P ercent

A verage
O ccu p ation

and

h ou rly

of

region

wo rkers

$ 2 .0 0
$ 2 .0 0

ings1

L ogging—

F a lle rs

buckers ,

straigh t- tim e

h o u rly

earnings

of-

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$2 .5 0

$

2 .60

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$3 .1 0

$ 3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$ 3 .6 0

$ 3 .7 0

$ 3 .8 0

$ 3 .9 0

$2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 .1 0

$3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$3 .6 0

$ 3 .7 0

$ 3 .8 0

$ 3 .9 0

$ 4 .0 0

$ 4 .0 0
and
over

C ontinued
$ 4 . 60

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

12. 4

6. 7

2 ,2 1 3

4. 77

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 .0

-

19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0. 1
_

0. 1
_

3. 1

4.

1. 7
_

( 5)

1 ,4 6 0

. 2
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13. 5
_

0. 4
-

. 4

. 4

8. 9

-

. 3
.

. 3
_

178

p o w e r .............................. ..................................................................
and

receivin g

$ 2 .2 0

under
$ 2 .1 0

F a lle rs ,

of w orkers

$ 2 .1 0

p o w e r - ............................................... —

D o u g la s

F i r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W estern

.

.

40. 4

1 6 . 9 72 3 . 6

1 .4

33. 8

7. 4

10. 8

2. 7

. 7

45. 2

1 1 .0

16. 2

2. 5

12. 8

. 4

. 4

16. 5
_

. 3
_

. 3
_

.

.

.

_

_

. 9 ®36. 9

P in e :

N orth ern

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

281

4. 44

Southern

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

316

6. 57

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7. 1
-

R e d w o o d ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

156

7. 14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 .3

144

2. 64

65

2. 79

-

-

D o u g la s
W estern

F i r ---------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------

12. 5

1 .4

6. 2

18.

3. 2

2. 6

_

_

_

_

1 1 .1

. 5

23. 8

2. 5

45. 9

3. 8

_

89.

63. 6

7. 6
_

12. 5

5. 6

10. 8

4! 6

4o! 0

2 4.’ 6

6*. 2

61. 3
_

.

29. 2

20. 0

50. 0

10. 0

20. 0

_

_

_

_

_

50. 8

3. 2
-

25. 8

6. 5

_

_

_

_

_

_

8. 5
_

2. 4
_

2. 4

22. 3

2. 1

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

15. 8

5. 3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2. 7
_

_

_

_

10. 0

_

_

_

_

_

15. 0

_

_

_

_

_

1

6. 2
_

13! 8

P in e:
d i s t r i c t s --------------------------------------------------------

28

2. 24

-

d i s t r i c t s --------------------------------------------------------

31

2. 60

-

-

-

7. 1
-

-

20

2. 77

-

-

-

-

-

3. 2
-

r i g g i n g 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------

124

2. 82

-

-

-

-

-

5. 6

-

F i r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

94

2. 82

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3. 2
-

19

2. 97

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 .3

-

2. 7

R e d w o o d ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

R e d w o o d — ------------------------------------------------------------------------ -----------Head

_

7. 5
_

8. 3

N orthern

D o u g la s

_

-

_

1

Sou th ern
G roundm en,

_

. 2

W estern

28. 6
16.

1

19. 4

67. 0
.

3. 16
3. 21

21

F i r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

3. 08

-

-

1

57. 9

13. 3

25. 3

19. 3

17. 3

22. 0

4. 7
_

3. 3

14. 0

150
100

l o a d e r s 2 ------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------------

D o u g la s

64. 3

21.

4. 0

29. 0

16. 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

P in e :

Southern

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

_

_

27

3. 05

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19. 0
-

83

3. 36

-

-

-

-

-

2. 4

-

4. 8

F i r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

63
7

3. 25

19. 0

14. 3

-

7. 4

2 .4

-

48. 1
-

3. 4 9

R e d w o o d ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

R e d w o o d — -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------H ig h

r i g g e r s 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

D o u g la s
H ook

l e a d 2 -------------------------------------------------------

186

3

F i r - — ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

168

h igh

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

D ou glas
W estern

-

10. 8

14. 3
_

-

4. 8

_

_

-

3. 43

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2. 77

-

4. 4

-

1 .0

7. 8

4. 9

4. 9

75

2 . 91

-

-

-

-

-

-

37

2. 32

-

-

5. 4

57

F i r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. 7

16. 9

1. 2
-

85. 7

-

-

-

-

14. 1

13. 6

13. 6

13. 6

-

9. 3

21. 3

18. 7

16. 0

22. 7

-

10. 8

1. 6
_

_

12. 5

-

_

13. 1

14. 3

14. 0

18

s c a l e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

47. 6
_

.

25. 9

63

206

R e d w o o d -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Log

-

-

3 . 65

ten ders,

D o u g la s

-

_

27. 8

2. 9
_

4. 4

16. 7
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

7. 2

34. 9

1 6 .9

-

2. 4

_

_

9. 5
_

46. 0

22. 2
_

_

_

_

3. 2
_

.

_

26. 9

46. 2

_

_

2. 2

1. 6

7. 5

25. 0

50. 6

_

_

5. 6
_

_

_

2. 4
_

1 .8
_

7. 7

44. 4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

14. 8

_

1 .9
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5. 6

P in e:

N orth ern

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

Southern

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

24. 3

43. 2

16. 2

2. 70

-

-

-

-

-

37

3. 03

-

-

-

2. 85

-

-

204

-

-

a u t o m o t i v e ------------------------------------------------------------

-

1 .5

-

30. 9

D o u g la s

F i r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

124

2. 87

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27. 4

W estern

2. 60

-

-

-

-

-

-

88. 5

_

17. 1

_

_

_

_

_

P in e:
26

-

12. 0

R e d w o o d -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M ech an ics,

N orthern
Sou th ern

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

heavy

17. 5

1 1 .5

26. 3
2. 7

35

2. 90

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

2. 95

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

501

d i s t r i c t s --------------------------------------------------------

R e d w o o d -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------R epairm en ,

7. 0

2. 96

-

-

-

-

1 .0

-

1. 2

8. 2

e q u i p m e n t ---------------------------------------------

D ou glas

F i r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

236

2. 06

W estern

22. 8

1 1 .3

_

22. 8

8. 3

3. 5

2. 7

43. 2

24. 3

16. 2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

14. 7

19. 6

15. 7

8. 3

_

_

1. 0

_

_

_

_

_

10. 5

25. 0

14. 5

9. 7

-

-

_

1. 6

.

.

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2. 9

37.

1

1 1 .4

25. 7

_

_

_

_

_

10. 5

21.

1

26. 3

26. 3

15. 8

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

26. 5

1 5 .4

9. 2

25. 9

6. 4

2. 0

-

_

. 4

_

_

_

_

16. 9

9. 3

43. 2

1 1 .4

1. 3

-

_

. 8

_

_

_

5. 7

_

10. 8
_

_

_

P in e :

1. 3

N orthern

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

92

2. 75

-

_

6. 5

19. 6

10. 9

53. 3

_

_

_

Southern

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

121

2. 90

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

33. 9

16. 5

12. 4

6. 6

1. 7

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 .9

1 1 .5

25. 0

17. 3

38. 5

5. 8

5. 8
_

_

3. 03

19. 0
-

4. 1

52

_

_

_

_

_

_

31

2. 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9 .7

3. 1

12. 9

12. 9

25. 8

19. 4

16. 1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

23. 8

19.

file rs,

D o u g la s

p o w e r s a w s 2 --------------------------------------------------------

21

3. 07

-

-

l o g g i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,5 2 7

2. 70

-

-

. 1

F i r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

815

2. 72

-

-

-

F i r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

T ru c k d riv e rs,
D o u g la s
W estern

_

-

15. 7

R e d w o o d -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Saw

-

3. 8

5. 4

-

_

_

_

_
_

9. 5

19. 0

28. 6

0

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

. 9

10. 2

7. 3

6. 7

19. 6

19. 3

22. 3

13. 1

. 4

-

. 1

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

13. 7

-

5. 4

21. 7

7. 7

34. 5

15. 2

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

23. 2

30. 8

17. 8

28. 1

14. 6

6. 3

18. 5

39. 7

13. 5

6. 3

_

_

. 5

_

_

_

_

_

_

54. 4

5. 4

34. 9

-

“

-

-

“

-

-

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

185

2. 48

-

-

-

-

d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------------------------------------

378

2 . 71

-

-

. 5

-

-

-

R e d w o o d --------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

149

2. 84

"

"

“

~

“

-

1

E x clu d es

Inclu des data for r eg io n (s)
in a d d it i o n to t h o s e s h o w n
A ll d ep artm ents except head
rig .
W o r k e r s w e r e d istrib u te d as fo llo w s:
17. 8 p ercen t at

3
6
7

L e s s than 0. 0 5 p e r c e n t .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r t y p e s o f o p e r a t i o n s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d istrib u ted as fo llo w s:
1 0 . 1 p e r c e n t a t $ 5 to $ 5. 50; and 13. 5 p e r c e n t s !

8

W o rk ers
percent

p rem iu m

w ere
at

$ 6 .




pay

for

d istrib u ted
50

and

overtim e

as

over.

and

follo w s:

for

2

w ork

percent

on w e e k e n d s,

at

h o lid a y s,

and

late

1 .3

2
3
4

19. 3

_

-

_

P in e:

N orthern
Southern

and

_

1. 7

-

-

4. 3

4. 0

_
-

sh ifts.

sep arately.
$4

$4

to

to

$4.

50;

$ 4 .5 0 ;

and 4

1 .2

percent

percent

at

at

$4.

50

and

$ 5. 50

$ 4 ,5 0

to

over.

and
$5;

over.
10

percent

at

$ 5

to

$ 5 .5 0 ;

2 .9

percent

at

$ 5 .5 0

to

$ 6;

1 .4

percent

at

$ 6

to

$ 6 .5 0 ;

Table 8.
(N u m b e r

and

average

s t r a ig h t -t im e

Occupational Averages:
h o u r ly

e a r n in g s1 o f w o r k e rs

b y m e th o d

W est
T im e w o r k e r s

O c c u p a tio n

N um ber

A verage

of w age

S a w m ills

an d p la n in g

s e le c te d
r e g io n ,

p r o d u c tio n

June

C oast
w ork ers

N um ber

A verage

h o u r ly

of

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

w ork ers

e a r n in g s

$ 2 . 43

T im e w o r k e r s
N um ber
of

F ir

in

W est

C oast

r e g io n

I n c e n tiv e

A verage
h o u r ly

w ork ers

o c c u p a tio n s

s a w m ills

1964)

D o u g la s

I n c e n tiv e

of

car

in

p aym en t and

w o r ke r s

L o a d ers,

By M ethod o f W a g e Payment

N um ber
of

W e ste rn
w ork ers
A verage
h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

w ork ers

e a r n in g s

$ 2 . 45

441

$ 3. 37

P in e

r e g io n —

T im e w o r k e r s
N um ber
of

I n c e n tiv e

A verage
h o u r ly

v /o r k e r s

N o rth e rn

e a r n in g s

N um ber
of

d is tr ic ts
w ork ers
A verage
h o u r ly

w orkers

e a r n in g s

m ills

a n d t r u c k _______________________________________________

957

811

$ 3 . 51

352

$ 2 . 34

L u m ber

sta c k e rs,

a ir

d r y in g

________

268

2. 45

96

3. 45

_

_

_

116

2 . 17

L u m ber

sta ck e rs,

k iln

d r y i n g ___________________________________

467

2. 50

215

3. 56

178

2 . 51

48

3. 30

164

2 . 37

S o rte rs,

green

c h a in 2 _

S o rte rs,

rou gh

d ry

F a lle r s

or

s t o r a g e 2 ____

_______________

______________________

4, 040

2 . 41

351

3 . 12

2, 074

2. 40

107

3. 01

830

2. 26

720

2. 44

243

3 . 35

210

2. 49

51

3. 51

162

2. 23

p o w e r 2 ______________________________________

1, 370

3. 64

843

6 . 61

1, 197

3. 70

26 3

6 . 41

82

________________

W e ste rn

S a w m ills
L o a d ers,

car

and

an d p la n in g

t r u c k __

L u m ber

sta ck e rs,

a ir

L u m ber

sta ck e rs,

k iln

.S o r t e r s ,

green
rou gh

d ry

_______

d r y in g

or

172

-

sto ra g e 2

d r y i n g ___

P in e

r e g io n -— S o u t h e r n

__

2. 90

R edw ood

_

70

-

199

$ 3. 81

_

3. 57

-

5 . 07

r e g io n

170

$ 3. 48

68

$ 2 . 56

66

3. 79

24

2. 47

_

84

3. 82

20

2. 48

13

2. 67

132

3. 33

600

2. 43

102

3. 09

2 . 55

133

3. 38

185

2 . 37

31

3. 29

233

7. 69

-

148

7 . 32

$ 2 .4 9

_

_

__________

105

2. 68

_

l u m b e r 2—

i is tr ic ts
d

158

m ills
________________________________

c h a in 2

S o rte rs,

_

______

l u m b e r 2 ______

and b u c k e r s ,

365

_

5 36
26 3

__

_

___

42

_

$ 3. 97

2. 79

L o g g in g
F a lle r s

and b u c k e r s ,

1

E x c lu d e s

2

T o ta ls

N O T E :

p ow er2 _

p r e m iu m

in c lu d e
D ashes




______

pay

w o rk ers
in d ic a te

___

fo r
in
no

_____

________

o v e r tim e
a d d itio n

d a ta

to

and

fo r

th o se

rep o rte d

-

or

w ork
sh ow n

d a ta

on

w eeken ds,

h o lid a y s ,

and

la t e

s h ifts .

s e p a r a te ly .

th a t

do

not

m eet

p u b lic a tio n

c r ite r ia .

-

-

Table 9. Occupational Averages:

(N u m b e r

and

average

s t r a ig h t -t im e

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s1 o f w o r k e rs

and in te g r a te d 2 W e st

W est
In d ep en d en t

s a w m ills

By T ype o f Sawmill

C oast

s a w m ills

in
by

s e le c te d
r e g io n ,

p r o d u c tio n
June

D o u g la s

C oast
In te g ra te d

s a w m ills

In d ep en d en t s a w m ills

o c c u p a tio n s

in

in d e p e n d e n t

1964)

F ir

r e g io n

In te g ra te d

W e ste rn
s a w m ills

P in e

r e g io n -— N o r t h e r n

In d ep en d en t s a w m ills

In te g ra te d

d is tr ic ts
s a w m ills

O c c u p a tio n
N um ber

A verage

of

h o u r ly

w ork ers

e a r n in g s

N um ber

A verage
h o u r ly

of
w ork ers

e a r n in g s

N um ber
of

A verage
h o u r ly

w orkers

e a r n in g s

N um ber
of

A verage

N um ber

A verage

h o u r ly

w orkers

of

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

w ork ers

e a r n in g s
$ 3. 13

B a n d -h e a d -s a w

o p e ra to rs,

c o n v e n t i o n a l ________________

104

$ 3. 43

68

$ 3. 54

45

$ 3. 53

36

$ 3. 53

10

B a n d -h e a d -s a w

o p e ra to rs,

r id e r le s s

436

3. 49

252

3. 62

152

3. 60

65

3. 90

163

3. 21

29

2. 45

258

2 . 66

154

2. 69

135

2. 73

79

2. 78

65

115

2 . 66

68

2. 65

52

2. 64

36

2. 72

10

2. 42

-

757

2 . 53

554

2. 54

347

2 . 61

258

2 . 55

155

2 . 32

100

_

o p e ra to rs,

m en

2 . 41

r id e r le s s

c a r r i a g e ____________________________________________________________________
C le a n u p

_
$ 3. 38

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------ .-----------------------------------------------------

C ir c u la r -h e a d -s a w

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

68

3. 29

21

3. 47

40

3. 24

-

695

2 . 25

604

2. 29

206

2 . 32

281

2 . 32

-

-

-

192

2. 08

75

2 . 15

155

2 . 42

100

2 . 52

90

2 . 51

56

2. 46

34

2 . 21

o p e r a t o r s _____________________________________________________

104

2 . 67

112

2. 64

21

2. 84

42

2. 65

50

2. 54

20

2. 45

m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7 34

2 . 74

466

2. 75

292

2 . 87

187

2. 77

191

2. 46

104

2 . 56

C u to ff-s a w
D r y -k iln
E dger

o p e ra to rs

-

-

150

3 . 13

262

3. 00

65

3. 34

132

3. 09

35

30

2. 90

o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,0 3 8

2 . 53

454

2 . 51

421

2. 63

156

2 . 56

287

2 . 31

94

2 . 37

62

2 . 52

125

2. 78

12

2. 68

41

2. 92

37

2 . 33

21

2. 62

2 . 56

153

2. 58

196

2 . 18

48

2. 29

2. 70

28

2. 42

32

E n d -lift-tr u c k
F ir e m e n ,

______________________________________________

m a i n t e n a n c e ________________________________________

E le c tr ic ia n s ,

s t a t i o n a r y -------------

E n g in e e r s,

-------------------------------------------------------

2. 80

483

2 . 39

324

2. 49

152

c h a i n ______________________________ _

249

2 . 77

333

2 . 71

95

2 . 75

142

l u m b e r ------------------------------------------------------------------

640

2 . 91

591

2. 80

242

2 . 95

183

2. 78

234

2. 74

153

2. 60

86

2 . 90

134

2. 84

-

30

2. 84

18

2 . 57

18

2 . 56

194

s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r ______________________________________

G ra d ers,

lu m b e r ,

G ra d ers,

p la n e d

G ra d ers,

rou gh

L o a d ers,

car

L og

_

e a rn in g s

79

2. 42

s e t t e r s ___

C a r rie r

A verage
h o u r ly

of
w ork ers

d r i v e r s _____________________________________ - ___________________

B arker
B lo c k

c a r r i a g e -------

N um ber

green

l u m b e r ---------------

dry

and

-------------------------

-------

-

-------------

865

3. 00

903

2. 85

405

3. 02

401

2. 89

316

2. 83

___________________________________________________

205

2 . 42

97

2 . 38

74

2. 42

45

2. 42

54

2. 28

2. 75

-

2 . 77

114

t r u c k -------

d e c k m e n ________

L u m ber

sta ck e rs,
sta ck e rs,

—

k iln

s t o r a g e -----------------------

206

2 . 69

158

d r y i n g _________________________________

a ir

L u m ber

---------------------------

426

2 . 87

256

d r y in g

or

2 . 55

112

2 . 81

187

2. 79

2 . 52

2 . 72

19

2 . 09

34

2. 24

47

2. 48

30

2. 87

M a c h in is ts ,

m a i n t e n a n c e _____

114

2 . 90

217

2. 94

37

3 . 16

107

2. 98

35

2. 59

M e c h a n ic s ,

a u t o m o t i v e --------------------------------------------------------------------

158

2 . 84

160

2 . 82

68

2. 98

63

2. 83

48

2. 60

17

m a i n t e n a n c e ---------

547

2 . 86

5 36

2 . 86

222

2 . 95

257

2. 93

112

2. 60

76

2. 60

556

2. 44

311

2. 43

221

2. 53

108

2. 52

168

2. 23

79

2 .2 9

M e c h a n ic s ,

__

---------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------

O ff-b e a r e r s ,

head

O ff-b e a r e r s ,

m a c h i n e 3 ______________________________________________

P la n e r

o p e ra to rs

r i g ------------------------------------------------------(fe e d

-------------

o n l y ) ------------------------------------------- -----------

2. 68

386

2 . 36

290

2 . 31

151

2. 43

101

2. 42

128

2 . 17

116

503

2 . 44

315

2. 44

235

2. 53

156

2 .4 9

183

2 . 26

73

2. 28

2. 83

199

2 . 85

155

2. 85

94

2. 90

72

2. 53

26

2. 68

2 . 18

2. 59

296

__________

326

P o n d m e n ______________________________________________________________________

681

2 . 44

496

2. 46

299

2. 53

167

2 . 15

77

Saw

file r s ,

b en ch w ork

383

3 . 71

235

3. 53

130

3. 87

77

3. 51

120

3. 53

60

3. 62

Saw

file r s ,

fitte r s

181

2. 70

199

2. 76

48

2. 84

86

2. 88

73

2 . 52

35

2 .4 7

_______________________

93

2 . 82

105

2 . 79

37

2. 93

32

2. 88

50

2. 72

30

2 . 61

c h a i n _________________________________________________

2, 408

2. 44

1 ,9 8 3

2 . 51

1, 119

2. 44

1 ,0 6 2

2 .4 2

582

2 . 26

258

2 . 27

l u m b e r ---------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,7 9 6

2 . 37

1, 137

2 . 37

923

2. 42

515

2. 40

458

2 . 19

201

2 . 18

385

2 . 55

578

2. 74

105

2. 53

156

2. 80

80

2. 25

110

2 . 39
2. 27

P la n e r

S e tu p

o p e ra to rs

m en ,

(s e t

up

and

and

h e lp e r s

w o o d w o r k in g

S o rte rs,

green

S o rte rs,

p la n e d

S o rte rs,

rough

dry

o p e r a t e ) ______

-------------------------------------------------------------------________________________________

m a c h in e s

l u m b e r -------------------------------------------------

—

2 . 21

T a l l y m e n _______ _______________________________ _______________________________

442

2 . 46

410

2 . 53

125

2. 67

178

2. 58

165

2 . 26

56

T n m m e r m e n ----- ----------------- — — --------------------------- — ---------------------------

649

2 . 57

449

2 . 56

250

2. 70

196

2 .6 4

163

2 . 33

91

2 . 39
2. 28

2 or
4

3 saw

to

11
4

10

or
to

1
11

saw

m o re

10

saw

o p e r a tio n
saw

m o re

saw

m a n )—

(1

m a n ).

o p e r a tio n

o p e r a tio n

h e l p e r ) _____
or

(1

o p e r a tio n

„

(1

---------

1 h e l p e r ) --------- -------------------------W a t c h m e n -------------------------------------

m a n ) __________

-------------

2 . 41

58

2 . 37

-

-

-

-

35

2 . 19

23

157

2 . 55

55

2. 47

-

-

-

-

65

2. 40

29

2 . 37

________

119

2. 47

130

2. 60

41

45

2 . 31

20

2. 48

-----------

69

2. 64

---------------

---------------------------

31

2. 58

42

2 .4 8

-

227

2. 70

132

2 .6 8

149

2. 79

78

2 . 71

16

2. 42

-

407

2 . 18

244

2 . 24

190

2. 28

88

2 . 26

78

1. 86

28

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

----------------------------------------------------

-------------

2 . 58

and

(tr im m e r m a n

See footnotes at end of table.




____________

(tr im m e r m a n

o p e r a tio n

88

_______

---------------------------------------

------- —

2 . 07

Table 9.
(N u m b e :

and

average

Occupational Averages:

s t r a ig h t -t im e
and

h o u r ly

O c c u p a tio n

r e g io n —

s a w m ills

S o u th e rn

of

r e g io n ,

of

h o u r ly

h o u r ly

w ork ers

3. 71

33

2. 65

________________________________________________________________

26

d r i v e r s _____________________________________________________________

184

B a n d -h e a d -s a w

o p e ra to rs,

r id e r le s s

o p e r a to r s.

se tte rs

_

C ir c u la r -h e a d -s a w
c a r r i a g e ..
C le a n u p

D r y -k iln

c a r r ia g e

...

o p e ra to rs,

F ir e m e n ,

......
m a in te n a n c e

_

.

_.

. . .

G ra d ers,

lu m b e r ,

G ra d ers,

p la n e d
rough

.

L o a d ers,

car

12

2 . 56

126

-

16

46

3. 7 3

26

25

2. 90

13

2. 75

27

2. 63

16

2 . 57

2 . 59

71

2. 50

70

2 . 56

-

-

$ 3. 39
3. 46

-

-

-

125

2 . 30

112

2 . 34

123

2 . 32

15

2. 44

24

2 . 37

24

2. 78

2. 76

47

2. 68

-

2. 82

123

2. 86

92

2. 79

52

2 . 76

3 . 17

65

2 . 97

16

2. 97

35

2. 85

2 . 57

115

2 . 51

144

2. 58

89

2. 59

47

2 . 77

-

-

16

2. 67

99

2. 49

-

-

24

2 . 38
2. 77

-

.

2. 48

85

-

-

-

tru c k

72

2. 74

41

2. 79

87

3. 13

194

3. 01

47

2. 98

61

2. 72

38

3 . 01

59

2. 93

-

27

2. 84

106

____

2 . 89

117

_______

l u m b e r _______________________________________

3. 27

2 36

2 . 86

38

3. 32

72

2. 98

14

2. 46

47

2 . 56

30

2 . 46

L u m ber

sta ck e rs,

a ir

d r y in g

s t o r a g e _________________

102

3. 22

50

3. 26

-

sta ck e rs,

k iln

d r y i n g ___________________________________

113

3 . 36

76

2. 94

12

m a i n t e n a n c e ____________________________________________

41

2. 93

43

2 . 96

-

d e c k m e n _______________________________________________________ _________

M a c h in is ts ,

e a r n in g s

$ 3. 43

L u m ber

L og

h o u r ly

w ork ers

2. 73

-

2 . 30

135

c h a i n ____________________

green

and

2. 67

186

.
.

b o ile r

lu m b e r
dry

3. 6 9

33

A verage

of

e a r n in g s

34

.

o p e r a to r s

G ra d ers,

82

s a w m ills

N um ber

30

................

s ta tio n a r y
s ta tio n a r y

In te g ra te d

A verage

159

o p e r a t o r s _______________________________________________________

E n d -lift-tr u c k

r e g io n

h o u r ly

w ork ers
27

-

_________________________________________________

m en

E n g in e e r s,

of

e a r n in g s

2. 82

185

.............. . . ...

E le c tr ic ia n s ,

N um ber

$ 3. 76

-

_ ..

o p e ra to rs

in d e p e n d e n t

r id e r le s s

_

m en

C u to ff-s a w

22

___

in

R edw ood

A verage

e a r n in g s

o c c u p a tio n s

1964)

In d ep en d en t s a w m ills

N um ber

75

c o n v e n tio n a l

p r o d u c tio n
June

s a w m ills

14

o p e ra to rs ,

C a r r ie r

s e le c te d

d is tr ic ts

$ 3. 38

B a n d -h e a d -s a w
B ark er

in
by

In te g ra te d

A verage

w orker s

E dger

P in e

C oast

s a w m ills

N um ber

B lo c k

e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e rs

in te g r a te d 1 W e st
2

W e ste rn
In d ep en d en t

By T ype o f Sawmill— Continued

or

-

2 . 51

19

-

44

2 .6 6

37

-

2. 77

21

2 . 51

2 . 86

32

2 . 87

48

2 . 82

10

96

2 . 82

125

2 . 88

117

3. 00

78

2. 84

O ff-b e a r e r s ,

head

r i g _________________________________________________

106

2. 50

67

2 . 41

61

2. 53

57

2. 47

O ff-b e a r e r s ,

m a c h i n e 3 ________________________________________________

75

2. 45

50

2 . 35

32

2. 63

23

2. 43

M e c h a n ic s,

a u to m o tiv e

M e c h a n ic s,

m a in te n a n c e

_

2 . 87

2 . 51

59

2. 47

62

3. 03

42

2. 84

37

3. 01

37

2 . 86

166

2. 44

96

2. 42

49

2 . 51

27

2. 49

80

3. 70

64

3. 59

53

3. 73

34

3. 29

39

2. 73

42

2 . 77

21

2. 94

36

28

2 . 87

-

2. 74
_

(fe e d

o p e ra to rs

(s e t

P o n d m e n _____
Saw

file r s ,

Saw

file r s ,

fitte r s

o n l y ) ______________________________________
up

and

b e n c .h w o r k

m en ,

_

an d h e lp e r s

w o o d w o r k in g

S o rte rs,

green

S o rte rs,

p la n e d

S o rte rs,

rough

59

_
__________________________________

m a c h in e s

-

_________________________

2. 70

27

-

2. 53

-

297

.

.......

.
o p e r a tio n

2. 74

371

2 . 85

410

2. 46

292

277

2. 42

210

2. 44

144

2. 41

2. 79

240

2 . 85

-

72

2 . 79

107

...........

lu m b e r

2. 44

156

lu m b e r

T rim m e rm e n 4
sa w

-

26

214

c h a i n ___________________________________________________
dry

T a l l y m e n _________
3

32

o p e r a t e ) _____________________

o p e ra to rs

P la n e r

2 or

2 . 95

________________________________________________________________

P la n e r

S e tu p

_

2. 53

99

2 . 51

45

2. 46

77

2. 65

2 . 56

75

2. 66

52

2. 60
_

161

2 . 58

110

m a n ) ________________________________

20

2 . 58

-

m a n ) _______________________________

._

..

(1

.............

-

2. 62

-

-

_

_

-

-

.

-

-

74

2. 62

24

2. 59

-

___________

31

2 . 54

31

2. 59

-

1 h e l p e r ) ________________________________________________________________

17

2. 60

-

1 h e l p e r ) ________________________________________________________________

19

2. 48

28

2. 59

43

2. 60

26

2. 67

W a t c h m e n ______________________________________________________________________

89

2 . 14

87

2. 23

50

2 . 37

41

2 . 34

4

to

11
4

10

or
to

11

or

1
2
s u p p ly

sa w

m o re

10

saw

m o re

o p e r a tio n
saw

saw

E x c lu d e s
to

th e

3

A ll

4

I n c lu d e s

NOTE:

o p e r a tio n

m a n ) _________

fo r

fo r

fo r

excep t
ty p e s

head

and

o f th is

s a w m ills

fo r

w ork

stu d y ,

p u rch ase

on

are

w eek en d s,

d e fin e d

lo g s

as

h o lid a y s ,

th o se

or

c o n tra ct

th o se

sh o w n

out

and

la te

e s ta b lis h m e n ts
lo g g in g

-

-

-

_

s h ifts .
w h ic h

o p e r a tio n s .

r ig .

o f o p e r a tio n s

in

a d d itio n

to

s e p a r a te ly .

Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.




-

and

o v e r tim e

p u rp oses

In d ep en d en t

d e p a rtm e n ts

and

(tr im m e r m a n

pay

s a w m ills ,
m ill.

d a ta

(1

(tr im m e r m a n

p r e m iu m

In te g ra te d
lo g s

(1

o p e r a tio n

o p e r a tio n

in

a d d itio n

to

e n g a g in g

in

s a w m illin g

o p e r a tio n s a ls o

ow n

and

o p e ra te

lo g g in g

cam ps

w h ic h

Table 10. Occupational Averages:

By Size o f Establishment

C
D

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected production occupations in West Coast
sawmills by size of establishment and region, June 1964)
W est

C oast

D o u g la s

F ir

r e g io n

E s t a b lis h m e n t w ith —
2 0 -9 9

O c c u p a tio n

w orkers

B ark er

and

p la n in g

o p e ra to rs ,

d r i v e r s ---------------------------------

C le a n u p

m en

C u to ff-s a w

_

-------

—

o p e ra to rs—

—

_____
-

w orkers

345

$ 3 .4 2

m ore

2 0 -9 9

100l 4 9 9
-

w ork ers

500

w orkers

or

N um ber

A verage

N um ber

A verage

N um ber

A verage

h o u r ly

of

h o u r ly

of

h o u r ly

of

h o u r ly

e a rn in g s

w ork ers

m o re

of

w ork ers

w orkers

N um ber

e a rn in g s

e a r n in g s

w ork ers

e a r n in g s

w ork ers

A verage
h o u r ly
1

e a r n in g s

220

$ 3 . 65

123

$ 3 . 67

107

$ 3 . 55

64

$ 3 . 78

46

$ 3 . 88

175

2 . 63

174

2. 72

63

2. 66

84

2. 69

84

2. 85

46

2. 68

388

2. 50

637

2. 55

286

2 . 53

207

2. 58

275

2. 60

123

______

2. 55

____

470

2 . 21

478

2. 33

351

2 . 28

135

2. 26

169

2. 39

183

-

_

2 . 31

137

2. 37

75

2. 53

43

2 . 60

2. 42
_

42

2. 63

19

2. 49

_

__ ___

o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

61

2. 73

95

2. 63

60

2 . 61

85
_

2. 63

25

m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

597

2. 72

380

2. 80

223

2 . 72

240

2 . 81

133

2. 93

106

2. 75

57

3. 25

170

3. 04

185

3. 00

35

3. 47

68

3 . 11

94

3 . 10

815

2. 50

479

2. 56

198

2. 53

2 . 61

173

2. 64

76

_

36

2 . 75

17

3. 12

_

141

2. 56

101

2. 60

102

2. 80

78

2. 62

D r y -k iln
E dger

E le c tr ic ia n s ,

m a i n t e n a n c e -------------------------------------------------------------------

E n d -lift-tr u c k

o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

E n g in e e r s ,
F ir e m e n ,

lu m b e r ,

G ra d ers,

p la n e d

L o a d ers,

car

b o i l e r -----------------------------------------------------------------

green

lu m b e r

c h a i n -----------

—

-

-

—

-------------

36

2. 44

87

2 . 71

64

2. 82

328
_

270

2 . 31

374

2. 47

163

2. 54

_

167

s t a t i o n a r y ------------------------------------------------------------------------------s ta tio n a r y

G ra d ers,

Log

e a r n in g s

or

w orkers

A verage

---------------

c a r r i a g e ---------------

------------------------------------_

of

N um ber

m ills

r id e r le s s

o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

C a r rie r

h o u r ly

w ork ers
S a w m ills

A verage

of

B a n d -h e a d -s a w

500

1 0 0 -4 9 9

w orkers
N um ber

2 . 71

243

2. 79

172

2. 68

57

2. 72

24

2. 68

2. 54

372

2 .9 1

474

2. 92

385

2 . 72

163

2. 96

118

2 .9 5

144

t r u c k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

533

2. 98

774

2 .9 6

461

2 . 79

248

2. 78

360

3. 22

198

2. 69

d e c k m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

175

2. 37

92

2. 49

35

2. 39

2. 49

10

2 .4 3

2. 82

278

2. 95

146

2. 63

2. 38
_

40

258

69
_

116

2. 89

54

2. 48

L u m ber

and

sta ck e rs,

M a c h in is ts ,

k iln

d r y i n g -----------------------------------------------------------

m a i n t e n a n c e -----------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

2. 73

46

2 .9 5

153

2 .9 1

132

2. 94

84

2 .9 6

50

3. 07

M e c h a n ic s ,

a u t o m o t i v e -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

77

2 . 68

162

2. 89

79

2. 86

27

2. 67

69

2 .9 5

35

3 . 01

M e c h a n ic s,

m a i n t e n a n c e -------------------------------------------------------------------------

316

2. 84

459

2. 85

308

2 .9 1

130

2. 85

196

2 .9 3

153

3. 03

O ff-b e a r e r s ,

head

r i g -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

458

2. 39

271

2. 50

138

2 .4 5

168

2. 48

107

2. 60

54

2. 54

O ff-b e a r e r s ,

m a c h i n e 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

286

2. 33

243

2. 36

147

2 . 33

112

2 .4 1

79

2. 49

61

2. 38

348

2 .4 2

263

2. 47

207

2. 43

186

2 . 51

104

2. 55

101

2 .4 8

P la n e r

o p e ra to rs

(fe e d

P la n e r

o p e ra to rs

(s e t

o n l y ) --------------------------------------------------------------o p e r a t e ) -------------------------------------

239

2. 83

174

2. 89

112

2 . 78

128

2 . 81

56

3. 07

65

2. 82

P o n d m e n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

458

2. 37

505

2 .4 9

214

2. 49

159

2. 56

289

2. 57

147

2 .5 3

Saw

file r s ,

b e n c h w o r k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

347

3. 64

193

3 . 73

78

3. 42

87

3. 66

32

3. 56

Saw

file r s ,

fitte r s

3. 87
_

2. 82
_

S e tu p

m en ,

up and

and

h e l p e r s ---------------------------------------------------------

79

2 . 71

169

2. 74

132

2 . 73

88
_

52

2. 92

m a c h i n e s -------------------------------------------

64

2 . 81

78

2. 84

56

2. 75

25

3. 00

35

2. 90

67
_

2. 55

922

2. 49

881

2. 41

765

2. 46

535

2 .4 2

w o o d w o r k in g

S o rte rs,

g reen

c h a i n -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,9 0 1

2 .3 9

1 ,5 6 8

S o rte rs,

p la n e d

S o rte rs,

rough

l u m b e r ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

1, 188

2. 35

1, 145

2. 40

600

2. 35

675

2 . 41

470

2 .4 3

293

2 .3 9

145

2 .5 1

531

2 .5 9

287

2. 89

42

2. 53

135

2. 58

84

2. 96

T a l l y m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

262

2 . 35

362

2. 57

228

2. 55

58

2. 63

139

2 . 63

106

2. 58

T r i m m e r m e n 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

504

2. 52

387

2. 63

207

2. 58

114

2. 62

108

2. 60

74

2. 58

2. 62
_

2. 78

2 .4 0

191
_

141

67

44

2. 66

40

2. 62

---------------------------------

132

2 . 63

141

2. 77

86

2. 65

91

2 . 69

90

2. 86

46

2. 70

W a t c h m e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

247

2 . 10

290

2. 27

114

2. 26

134

2 . 21

102

2. 35

42

2. 32

11

or

1 1 or
and

d ry

l u m b e r -------------------------------------------------------------------

m o re

saw

o p e r a tio n

(1

m an)

m o re

saw

o p e r a tio n

(tr im m e r m a n

1 h e l p e r ) ---------------------------------------------------

B u lld o z e r

---------

-

-

o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

56

2. 94

212

3. 05

97

3 . 13

134

3 . 15

s k i d d i n g --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

107

2. 78

324

2. 98

301

3. 02

28

2. 87

123

3. 07

146

3. 20

C h o k e r m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

145

2 .4 7

675

2. 60

975

2. 59

2. 63

744

2. 62

2 . 72

141

3. 28

228

3. 23

2. 58
_

369

77

56
_

75

3. 27

158

3. 30

-

182

4 . 72

732

5. 23

1 ,2 9 9

4 . 52

63

419

4. 76

978

3 .9 1

s c a l e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

28

2. 52

88

2. 78

90

2. 84

4 . 80
_

27

2. 92

41

2. 96

e q u i p m e n t -------------------------------------------------------------

28

2 . 75

184

2. 90

289

3. 02

_

51

2. 96

185

3. 09

l o g g i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

254

2 . 60

528

2. 63

745

2. 79

"

274

2. 57

499

2. 83

Cat

d r iv e r s ,

E n g in e e r s ,

lo g

F a lle r s

b u ck ers,

Log

and

R e p a irm e n ,

l o a d i n g -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

heavy

T r u c k d r iv e r s ,

p o w e r ---------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




264

3. 04

_
_
-

Table 10.

Occupational Averages:

By Size o f Establishment— Continued

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected production occupations in West Coast
sawmills by size of establishment and region, June 1964)
W e ste rn

P in e

R e g io n — N o r th e r n

d is tr ic ts

W e ste rn

P in e

r e g io n — S o u th e rn

E s ta b lis h m e n ts
2 0 -9 9

O c c u p a tio n

500

1 0 0 -4 9 9

w ork ers
N um ber

w ork ers

A verage

N um ber

or

m ore

N um ber

500

1 0 0 -4 9 9

w ork ers

A verage

w orkers

A verage

N um ber

R edw ood

d is tr ic ts

r e g io n

w ith —
or

m ore

2 0 -9 9

w orkers

A verage

N um ber

1 0 0 -4 9 9

w ork ers

A verage

N um ber

w ork ers

A verage

N um ber

A verage

of

S a w m ills
B a n d -h e a d -s a w

and

p la n in g

of

h o u r ly

of

h o u r ly

of

h o u r ly

of

h o u r ly

of

h o u r ly

of

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

w ork ers

e a rn in g s

w ork ers

e a rn in g s

w ork ers

e a rn in g s

w orkers

e a r n in g s

w orkers

e a rn in g s

w orkers

e a rn in g s

m ills
c a r r i a g e -------

141

$ 3 . 56

2 .3 9

38

2 .4 8

$ 3 . 33
_

48

50

30
_

$ 3 . 73

o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

42

2. 66

7

2. 60

24

2. 86

10

C a r rie r

d r i v e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

63

2. 23

130

2. 40

62

2. 39

175

2. 56

55

2 . 61

38

2. 39

57

2 . 61

C le a n u p

m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

146

2. 04

79

2 . 18

42

2 . 16

152

2 . 32

55

2. 27

86

2. 33

78

2. 35

15

2 .4 1

B arker

C u to ff-s a w

o p e r a to rs ,

h o u r ly

w orkers

o p e ra to rs

r id e r le s s

----------------------------------------------------------------------

$ 3 . 20

71

$ 3 . 36

-

-

-

-

70

$ 3 . 75

38

-

_

34

2 . 21

14

2. 47

34

2. 58

26

2. 46

10

2. 41

42

2. 70

24

2 . 63

17
-

2 .4 3

o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

151

2 .4 1

100

2. 59

44

2. 56

117

2. 80

44

2. 80

85

2. 76

24

D r y -k iln
E d ger

-

15

-

$ 3 .9 6
2. 82

-

30

2 .8 8

E le c tr ic ia n s ,

m a i n t e n a n c e ----------------------------------------------------------

11

2. 76

30

2. 85

2. 88

54

3 . 10

43

2. 94

9

2 .9 7

18

2. 94

E n d -lift-tr u c k

o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------------------------------

228

2. 28

117

2 . 41

36

2. 36

120

2. 56

43

2. 60

121

2. 57

-

21

2. 56

11

2. 58

29

2 . 78

21

2. 80

-

-

69
-

2 . 61

s t a t i o n a r y ----------------------------------------------------------------------

124

2. 50

31

2. 56

-

_

-

E n g in e e r s ,
F ir e m e n ,

s ta tio n a r y

128

2 . 11

102

2. 30

14

2. 33

c h a i n ------------------------------------------------

21

2. 35

27

2. 55

12

2 . 51

82

2. 82

19

2 . 75

33

2 . 72

32

2. 85

l u m b e r ----------------------------------------------------------------

116

2. 73

164

2 . 71

107

2 .5 9

168

3 . 10

90

2. 87

40

2. 90

24

2 .9 3

t r u c k ------------------------------------------------------------------

206

3 . 13

228

lu m b e r ,

G ra d ers,

p la n e d

Log

car

green

and

_

2. 50

76

2. 76

160

3. 06

19

3. 65

26

2. 20

10

2. 39

10

2. 27

28

2. 50

122
_

2 . 85

53

2. 79

80

2. 66

19

2. 53

69

3. 46

57

2. 77

2. 57
_

2. 57

135

41
_

14

d r y i n g --------------------------------------------------

13

2. 49

m a i n t e n a n c e --------------------------------------------------------------

17

2. 60

23

2 . 68

25

2. 84

39

2 . 91

29

2. 94

-

7

3. 05

d e c k m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

L u m ber

-

b o i l e r --------------------------------------------------------

G ra d ers,
L o a d ers,

-

sta c k e rs,

M a c h in is ts ,

k iln

M e c h a n ic s,

a u t o m o t i v e --------------------------------------------------------------------

M e c h a n ic s ,

m a i n t e n a n c e ----------------------------------------------------------------

_

2. 98

2. 54

34

11

2. 70

45

2. 93

58

2 .5 9

93

2. 60

37

2. 62

106

2. 84

69

2. 90

82

3 . 01

64

2. 97

O ff-b e a r e r s ,

head

r i g ----------------------------------------------------------------------

148

2. 20

69

2. 32

30

2. 33

65

2 . 51

24

2. 40

58

2. 50

30

2. 56

O ff-b e a r e r s ,

m a c h i n e 2 --------------------------------------------------------------------

97

2 . 11

106

2. 22

41

2. 22

41

2. 45

34

2 . 33

27

2. 67

17

2 .3 7

11

2 . 71

P la n e r

o p e ra to rs

(fe e d

P la n e r

o p e ra to rs

(s e t up

20

o n l y ) ------------------------------------------------------

2. 72

11

2. 87

14

3. 03

2. 22

86

2 . 31

62

2 . 51

2 .4 4

21

o p e r a t e ) ------------------------------

44

2. 64

44

2 .4 7

-

57

2 .9 7

16

2. 74

36

2. 96

17

163

2. 14

60

2 . 21

21

2 . 31

129

2. 45

29

2. 40

32

2. 48

27

2. 55

Saw

file r s ,

ben ch w ork

---------------

126

3. 56

40

3 . 67

14

3. 28

50

3. 90

14

3 .4 6

53

3 . 61

16

3. 72

Saw

file r s ,

fitte r s

h e l p e r s ------------------------------------------------

38

2. 54

48

2. 49

22

50

2. 74

22

2 . 71

17

2 . 80

19
-

2 . 91
_

and

------------

-------------------------------

52

16

P o n d m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

and

118

2. 64

_

2. 30
-

33

2. 64

3 . 11

m a c h i n e s ------------------------------------

30

2 .6 6

32

2 . 71

-

2. 4 7
-

11

3. 06

17

2. 82

-

c h a i n --------------------------------------------------------------------------

505

2. 21

231

2. 37

104

2. 26

351

2 . 81

118

2. 88

316

2. 45

221

2 .5 9

l u m b e r ------------------------------------------------------------------

268
_

2. 12
_

275

2. 25

116

2 . 21

265

2 .4 7

123

2. 36

135

2 .4 4

134

2. 36

20

2. 57

204

2 . 78

133

2 .9 2

142
_

2. 43

l u m b e r ----------------------------------------------------------

T a l l y m e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

128

2. 18

56

2 .4 1

37

2. 33

117

2. 54

40

2. 50

27

2. 25

50

2. 66

T r i m m e r m e n - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

142

2 .2 9

88

2. 42

24

2. 45

129

2 . 58

43

2. 54

72

2. 60

29

2. 74

30

2 . 21

24

2. 52

11

2 .4 5

40

2. 57

13

2 . 51

-

12

2 .4 3

-

24

2. 57

28

2. 52

25

2. 75

38

2 . 14

21

2. 14

32

2 . 23

21

2 . 31

51

2. 39

60

3 . 21

S e tu p

m en ,

w o o d w o r k in g

S o rte rs,

green

S o rte rs,

p la n e d

S o rte rs,

rou gh

11

or

11

or

dry

m o re

saw

o p e r a tio n

(1

m a n ) ------------------------------

m o re

saw

o p e r a tio n

»

58

2 .4 8

(tr im m e r m a n

1 h e l p e r ) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

W a t c h m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -

47

and

-

1. 6 4

_

_

_

99

2 . 17

47

3. 02

-

-

-

L o g g in g
_

_

53

2. 89

36

2. 78

2. 98

_

_

15

s k i d d i n g ------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

54

2. 80

96

2. 89

73

2. 87

-

-

51

-

-

71

2. 49

39
52

2. 58

C h o k e r m e n ...................................................... ........... ............... -------------------------------

2. 36

156

2. 54

125

2. 49

_

-

79

2. 72

E n g in e e r s,

lo g

-

-

25

3. 07

24

2. 82

23

3. 50

22

3 . 39

-

-

18

3. 32

F a lle r s

b u ck ers,

143

3 .9 2

B u lld o z e r

o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

C a t d r iv e r s ,

Log

and

l o a d i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------p o w e r ------------------------- ------------------------- -

78

h eavy

T r u c k d r iv e r s ,

1
2
3

e q u ip m e n t

_

-

—

E x c lu d e s
I n c lu d e s

p r e m iu m
d a ta

D ash es

fo r

pay

ty p e s

in d ic a te




fo r

excep t

o v e r tim e

head

d a ta

fo r

w ork

"

on w eek en d s,

60

5. 16

113

7. 00

171

6 . 68

-

-

57

16

2 .4 7

12

2. 37

25

2 . 68

20

2 . 63

_

-

20

2. 96

52

2. 80

35

2. 75

58

2. 86

40

2. 98

_

-

23

3 . 10

62

2 .4 5

60

2. 46

127

2. 72

108

2. 78

“

~

65

2. 86

h o lid a y s ,

and

la te

s h ifts .

r ig .

o f o p e r a tio n s

no

and

_

-

l o g g i n g ----------------------------------------------------------------------

A ll d e p a rtm e n ts

N O T E :

_ _ _ _ _

4 . 81
-

-

s c a l e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

R e p a ir m e n ,

in

rep o rte d

a d d itio n
or

d a ta

to

th o se

show n

3 . 13

s e p a r a te ly .

th a t d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n

c r ite r ia .

8. 44

Table 11. Occupational Averages:

By Labor-Management Contract Coverage

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected production occupations in West Coast sawmills
classified by labor-management contract coverage and region, June 1964)

W est

D o u g la s

C oast

F ir

W e ste rn

r e g io n

E s ta b lis h m e n ts
M a jo r ity

O c c u p a tio n

N one

covered
N um ber

S a w m ills

and

p la n in g

of

of

e a rn in g s w o r k e r s

N um ber
of

e a rn in g s w o r k e r s

N um ber
of

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

or

m in o r ity

M a jo r ity
covered

covered

A verage

N um ber

h o u r ly

of

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

A verage

N um ber

h o u r ly

of

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

M a jo r ity

N one

or

N um ber

h o u r ly

of

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

m in o r it y

covered

covered

A verage

A verage

N um ber

h o u r ly

of

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

A verage
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

87

$ 3 . 47

85

$ 3. 48

41

$ 3 .5 0

40

$ 3. 56

8

24

$ 3 . 51

14

$ 3. 57

29

$ 3 . 35

348

3. 63

340

3. 44

117

3 .7 4

100

3. 62

95

3 . 38

147

$ 3 . 19

116

3. 73

20

3. 58

52

3. 65

o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------

B ark er

205

2. 64

207

2. 70

117

2. 70

97

2. 81

45

2. 46

2. 40

31

2. 64

-

2 .6 7

d r i v e r s -----------------------------------------------

109

2. 64

28

2. 72

60

2 .6 5

10

2 . 29

22

2. 86

29

2. 58

2 . 56

476

2. 49

376

2 .6 1

229

2. 54

178

2 . 41

77

2 . 25

233

2. 58

48

2 . 57

93

2 . 51

113

2 . 18

154

2. 04

208

2 . 31

71

2 . 37

164

2 . 31

22

2. 56

2 . 31

556

2. 22

351

2. 34

136

2 . 50

167

2. 43

45

2. 54

101

2 . 47

2. 63

59

2. 72

56

2 .7 1

-

m e n -------------------------------------------------------------

673

2. 79

527

2 .6 8

271

2. 88

208

743

2 . 77

-

34

2 . 21

34

2. 46

36

2 . 56

65

2 .6 5

-

144

2. 58

151

2. 42

210

2. 82

48

2. 81

96

2 .7 7

2. 98

17

2. 92

34

2. 87

56

2 . 57

177

2 .5 9

-

16

2. 44

-

26
-

2. 58
-

m a i n t e n a n c e -------------------

312

3 . 05

100

3. 04

159

3 . 15

38

3 . 26

49

16

2 .5 9

87

o p e r a t o r s -------------------------

741

2 . 56

751

2. 48

313

2 . 65

264

2 . 57

165

2 . 39

216

2 . 28

207

2. 58

s t a t i o n a r y -------------------------------

147

2 .7 2

40

2 .6 2

46

2 . 90

-

-

46

2 . 46

12

2 . 33

50

2 .7 9

-

-

-

-

571

2 . 50

236

2 . 25

277

2 . 58

-

-

123

2 . 31

121

2. 09

160

2. 52

-

-

-

-

-

80

E n d -lift-tr u c k

s ta tio n a r y

b o i l e r -----------------

lu m b e r ,

c h a i n -------------------------------------------------------

G ra d ers,

p la n e d

G ra d ers,

rough

l u m b e r ------------------------dry

l u m b e r -----------------

394

2 .7 1

188

2. 77

196

2 . 71

41

2. 78

44

2. 48

16

2. 44

106

2. 82

-

813

2. 83

418

2. 92

289

2. 82

136

3. 00

248

2. 64

238

3*04

38

2 . 81

67

2 . 99

27

2 . 80

23

2. 94

36

2. 56

139
-

2 .7 6

153

75

2 .9 6

-

3 . 10

280

2 . 58

230

3 .0 5

276

2. 94

61

2 . 90

2 .4 2

20

2 . 35

53

2 . 19

22

2. 51

29

2. 54

112

2 . 13

104

3. 24

-

a n d t r u c k ---------------------------

1, 0 5 7

2 . 80

711

3 . 11

440

2. 83

366

d e c k m e n -------------------------------------------------------

117

2 . 46

185

2. 38

46

2. 42

73

180

2 .9 1

184

2. 53

-

L o a d ers,

car

sta ck e rs,

a ir

-

-

d r y i n g -----------

375

2 . 78

307

2 . 90

144

2 . 70

82

m a i n t e n a n c e -----------------------

227

2 . 98

104

2. 82

113

3. 04

-

sta ck e rs,

M a c h in is ts ,

k iln

-

2 .7 7
-

2. 82

70

2 . 87

22

3. 06

49

3. 34

37

2. 55

d r y in g

s t o r a g e -----------------------------------------------------------

L u m ber

-

-

2 .9 3

E le c tr ic ia n s ,
E n g in e e r s ,

L u m ber

2. 88

2 .6 9

88

g reen

26

74

157

G ra d ers,

-

835

-------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------

o p e ra to rs

F ir e m e n ,

-

14

o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------

m en

C u to ff-s a w
D r y -k iln

-

49
-

2 . 27

C le a n u p

$ 3 .0 6

o p e ra to rs,

s e t t e r s -------------------------------------------------------

C a r rie r

E d ger

N one

covered

A verage

r e g io n

w ith —

M a jo r ity

h o u r ly

A verage
h o u r ly

N um ber

m in o r ity

covered

covered

A verage
h o u r ly

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

or

R edw ood

d is tr ic ts

c a r r i a g e -------------------------------------

r id e r le s s

or

N um ber

N one

P in e

r e g io n —
S o u th e rn

m ills

c o n v e n t i o n a l __________________________________

L og

M a jo r ity

W e ste rn

r e g io n —

d is tr ic ts

o p e ra to rs,

B a n d -h e a d -s a w

B lo c k

m in o r ity

co v ered 2

A verage
h o u r ly

of
w ork ers

B a n d -h e a d -s a w

or

P in e

N o rth e rn

2 .6 4
-

-

-

-

24

3. 04

83

2 .6 1

151

2 .7 9

131

3. 01

17

2. 48

16

2. 73

38

2 . 85

27

2 . 53

66

2 .9 6

10

2 . 91

28

2 . 85

M e c h a n ic s ,

a u t o m o t i v e -----------------------------

200

2 . 89

118

2. 72

100

2 . 97

31

2 .7 0

34

2 .7 7

31

2. 45

56

2. 82

10

2. 88

32

2. 89

M e c h a n ic s ,

m a i n t e n a n c e -------------------------

686

2. 89

397

2. 81

328

2. 98

151

2 . 86

116

2 .6 1

72

2 .5 9

173

2. 87

69

3. 03

126

2 .8 8

2 . 57

155

2. 48

88

2. 34

121

2. 49

31

2. 55

87

2. 48

-

53

2 .5 5

O ff-b e a r e r s ,

head

r i g -------------------------------

414

2 . 49

453

2 . 38

174

159

2 . 20

O ff-b e a r e r s ,

m a c h i n e 3-----------------------------

416

2 . 35

260

2 . 33

170

2 . 41

82

2. 46

131

2. 23

113

2 . 11

113

2 .4 0

338

2. 40

245

2 . 51

146

2. 51

130

2. 33

126

2 . 20

83

2. 48

2. 88

120

2. 85

41

2. 52

57

2 .6 1

69

2. 93

P la n e r

o p e ra to rs

(fe e d

P la n e r

o p e r a to r s

(s e t

o n l y ) ---------------

480

2 . 47

a n d o p e r a t e ) -------------------------------------------------------

260

2. 83

265

2 . 85

129

712

2 . 51

465

2. 34

391

2 . 61

204

2. 46

88

2. 24

156

2 . 13

Saw

file r s ,

b e n c h w o r k ------------------------- . ..

287

3 .5 9

331

3 .6 9

120

3 . 61

87

390

51

3 .5 0

129

3 .5 9

Saw

file r s ,

fitte r s

261

2. 74

119

2. 71

102

2 . 86

32

2 .9 1

69

2. 51

39

2. 49

116

S e tu p

m en ,

22

2 .6 9

31

2 .5 6

21

2 .7 7

53

3 .0 0

up

P o n d m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------

and

-

h e l p e r s ---------

2 .5 9

50

90

3 .6 6

26

3 .4 1

61

3. 62

67

2. 74

23

2. 89

34

2 .7 6

207
-

2. 44

26

2. 46

w o o d w o r k in g

-

2 .7 7

82

2 . 85

34

2. 80

35

3 .0 1

50

2 . 70

30

2 .6 6

22

2. 89

-

S o rte rs,

g r e e n c h a i n -----------------------------------

2, 178

2 . 53

2, 213

2. 41

1, 150

2 . 45

1, 0 3 1

2. 40

350

2 . 31

490

2 . 23

433

2. 88

245

2. 56

457

2 . 51

S o rte rs,

p la n e d

l u m b e r ---------------------------

1, 7 2 0

2 . 39

1, 2 1 3

2 . 33

876

2. 42

562

2 . 40

352

2 . 25

307

2 . 12

362

2. 44

130

2. 47

215

2. 40

S o rte rs,

rou gh

dry

2. 82

83

2. 64

m a c h i n e s -------------------------------------------------------------

l u m b e r . ---------------

646

2 .7 1

317

2. 59

143

118

2. 54

170

2. 34

-

300

2 .8 8

-

510

2. 54

342

2. 43

209

263

94

2 .5 9

105

2 . 36

116

2 . 18

146

2. 52

50

2 .6 4

72

2. 54

T r i m m e r m e n 4 ---------------------------------------------------

583

2 . 61

515

2. 52

249

2 . 70

197

2. 64

106

2. 44

148

2 . 29

198

2 .6 9

97

2 .6 2

120

2 . 57

92

2. 48

-

32

2 . 36

62

2 . 40

80

2 .5 9
2. 63

30
-

-

12

2. 79

159

2 . 55

90

2. 51

67

2. 61

43

2. 48

22

2 . 15

49

2 .5 5

-

-

-

38

2 . 55

21

142

2 . 15

4 to
11
(1
11

10

or

saw

m o re

o p e r a tio n
saw

(1

m a n )—

or

m o re

saw

-

-

o p e r a tio n

m a n ) -----------------------------------------------------------

(tr im m e r m a n

-

-

-

---------------------------------------------------------------

T a lly m e n

-

-

43

2 .6 3

-

o p e r a tio n
and

1 h e l p e r ) -------------------------------------------------------

202

2. 72

157

2 . 66

133

2 . 80

94

2. 70

10

2 .4 5

-

W a t c h m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------

379

2 . 26

272

2 . 12

156

2 . 36

122

2 . 17

56

2 . 18

50

See footnotes at end of table,




1. 63

2. 62
'

48

2 .6 3

66

2. 32

Table 11. Occupational Averages:

By Labor-Management Contract Coverage-----Continued

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings 1 of workers in selected production occupations in West Coast sawmills
classified by labor-management contract coverage and region, June 1964)

W est

D o u g la s

C oast

F ir

W e ste rn

r e g io n

E s ta b lis h m e n ts
M a jo r ity

O c c u p a tio n

N one

A verage

N um ber

h o u r ly

of

of
w ork ers

m in o r ity

covered

or

N um ber
of

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

m in o r ity

N um ber

h o u r ly

of

of

N one

or

m in o r it y

R edw ood

r e g io n

d is tr ic ts

covered

A verage

N um ber

h o u r ly

N um ber

of

of

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

M a jo r ity

M a jo r ity

covered

A verage
h o u r ly

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

P in e

r e g io n —
S o u th e rn

w ith —

covered

A verage

N um ber

W e ste rn

r e g io n —

d is tr ic ts

M a jo r ity

covered

A verage
h o u r ly

A verage
h o u r ly

e a rn in g s w o r k e r s

N one

M a jo r ity

covered 2

covered
N um ber

or

P in e

N o rth e rn

N um ber

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

N one

or

covered

A verage

of

N um ber

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

m in o r it y

covered

A verage

of

e a r n in g s w o r k e r s

A verage
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

L o g g in g
174

$ 3. 04

$ 3. 08

74

$ 2 . 84

125

$ 3 .0 0

_

_

s k i d d i n g -------------------------------

47 3

2 . 97

259

2 .9 6

181

3 . 15

116

3. 06

73

2. 70

48

2. 56

187

2. 89

71

3 . 15

1, 2 4 3

2 . 59

552

2. 58

811

2. 62

358

2. 6 2

88

2. 46

77

2. 24

307

2. 54

-

105

2. 68

176

2. 62

94

2 . 65

129

2. 65

90

2. 64

21

2. 42

-

21

2 . 61

-

-

C h o k e r m e n -----------------------------------------------------------

_

.

277

3. 24

169

3. 02

169

3 . 31

85

3 . 20

44

2 .9 3

33

2 . 51

53

3 . 33

-

-

34

3 . 17

5 . 13

284

-

128

7 . 14

B u lld o z e r
Cat

d r iv e r s ,

D um p

t r u c k d r i v e r s _______________________ _

E n g in e e r s,

lo g

l o a d i n g --------------------- --------

$ 3. 03

147

$ 3 . 16

91

38

$ 2 . 87

-

37

$ 3 . 11

-

p o w e r — _— -

1, 4 9 1

4 .7 1

722

4 . 90

1, 0 2 6

4 . 18

434

4 . 21

153

3. 86

128

6 . 81

-

s c a l e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

149

2. 78

57

2. 72

59

2. 95

16

2 . 76

23

2. 42

-

-

53

2. 69

-

-

23

141

2. 86

63

2. 82

70

2 .9 5

54

2. 78

26

2. 60

-

-

35

2. 90

~

-

9

3. 04

393

2 .9 8

108

2 . 90

193

3. 08

43

2 . 98

77

2. 79

-

-

106

2 .9 2

-

-

35

3 .0 2

975

2 .7 7

552

2. 59

516

2. 84

299

2. 53

117

2. 45

68

305

2 .7 6

“

'

112

2. 84

F a lle r s
L og

358

o p e r a t o r s --------------- --------------------

and b u c k e r s,

M e c h a n ic s ,

a u t o m o t i v e — ------------------------

R e p a irm e n ,

heavy

T r u c k d r iv e r s ,

1

l o g g i n g --------- ---------------—

E x c lu d e s

2

In c lu d e s

3

A ll

4

I n c lu d e s

N O T E :

e q u i p m e n t -------------

p r e m iu m
d a ta

fo r

d e p a rtm e n ts
d a ta

fo r

D ash es

pay
th e

ty p e s

in d ic a te

fo r

o v e rtim e

S o u th e rn

excep t

head
of

no

and

d is tr ic ts

fo r
of

w ork

W e ste rn

on

w eek en d s,

P in e

r e g io n

th o se

sh ow n

h o lid a y s ,
in

and

a d d itio n

to

la t e

2. 52

3. 02

s h ifts ,

th o se

show n

s e p a r a te ly .

r ig .

o p e r a tio n s

d a ta

in

rep o rte d

a d d itio n
or

d a ta

to

th a t

do

not

m eet

s e p a r a te ly .
p u b lic a tio n

c r ite r ia .

Table 12. Minimum Entrance and Job Rates: Cleanup Men
(D is tr ib u tio n

of W est
jo b

r a te s

C oast

s a w m ills

e s ta b lis h e d

fo r

and

p la n in g

c le a n u p

m ills

m en

and

stu d ie d

by

r e g io n ,

lo w e s t

June

W e ste rn
W est
M in im u m

D o u g la s

C oast

F ir

r e g io n

N um ber

ra te s

S a w m ills
and

e s ta b lis h e d

Under
$
$
$
$

1. 8 0
1. 9 0
2.00
2 . 10

and

p la n in g

p la n in g

m ills

m ills
h a v in g

s t u d i e d - --------------------------

m i n i m u m ----- --------------- — — ___________________________ _
under

$

and u n d er

$

and

under

$

and

under

$

1.
2.
2.
2.

r e g io n —

d is tr ic ts

W e ste rn

P in e

S o u th e rn

r e g io n —

d is tr ic ts

R edw ood

r e g io n

Job ra te s

E n tra n c e
ra te s

Job r a te s

of

E n tra n c e
r a te s

s a w m ills

w ith -

Job ra te s

E n tra n ce
ra te s

Job ra te s

E n tra n c e
ra te s

J ob ra te s

161

161

52

52

38

38

39

39

32

32

142

142

40

40

34

34

3

1

1

29
-

1

-

-

2
1

39
-

2

2
2

39
-

29

3

-

-

-

-

3

4

-

-

3

4

-

-

-

4
4

an

$ 1 . 8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------—
and

and

ra te

E n tra n c e

S a w m ills

P in e

N o rth e rn

e n tra n ce

1964)

9 0 .. ---------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------10 ------- -------------- -----------------------------------------2 0 . -------------------------------------------------- —

18

16

14

15

2
1

2

7

7

4

3

5

1

9

9

1

1

3

10

-

$ 2 . 20

and u n d er

$ 2 . 3 0 ------------------------------------ — — ----------------------

51

51

14

14

10

21

21

6

6

$ 2 . 30

and

under

$ 2 . 4 0 ------------------------ ------------------------------------------

31

31

12

12

1

1

8

8

10

10

$ 2. 40

and u n d er

$ 2 . 5 0 ---------------------------- --------------------------------------

17

18

9

9

-

-

5

6

3

3

3

3

1

1

-

-

-

-

2

2

19

19

12

12

4

4

3

3

$ 2. 50

and

o v e r ________________ . . . . — -----------------------------------------------. . .

S a w m ills

and

p la n in g

h ir in g

c le a n u p




m ills

not

m e n ------- — --- ----------------------------------------- -----------------------

'

to

18

Table 13. Scheduled W eek ly Hours
(P e r c e n t o f p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s in W e s t C o a s t s a w m il l s and p la n in g m i l l s ,
by s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s o f d a y -s h if t w o r k e r s 1 and r e g io n , June 1964)
L o g g in g

S a w m ills and p la n in g m i l l s
W e e k ly h o u r s

W est
C oa st

100

A l l w o r k e r s ------------------------------------

4 h rg_________________
0 ou
44
45
48
49

93
1
4
1
1

h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------V 2 h o u r s o r m o r e --------------------------------

1

D o u g la s F i r
r e g io n

W e s t e r n P in e r e g io n
S o u th e rn
d is t r ic t s

N orth e rn
d is t r ic t s
100

92
5
2

W e s t e r n P in e r e g io n
N orth e rn
d is t r ic t s

S o u th ern
d is t r ic t s

100

100

100

100

100

96

97

100

90

100

2
1
1

3
-

-

1
5
4

D a t a r e la t e to the p re d o m in a n t w o r k s c h e d u le fo r fu ll -t im e d a y -s h if t e m p lo y e e s m e ac h e s t a b lis h m e n t .

NOTE:

Becau se




o f ro u n d in g ,

sum s

o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m ay not e q u a l

100.

Table 14. Shift Differential Practices
(P e r c e n t o f p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on la te s h ifts in W e s t C o a s t s a w m il l s and p la n in g m il l s ,
by am oun t o f p ay d if f e r e n t ia l and r e g io n , June 1964)

W est
C oast

Sh ift d iffe r e n t ia l

D o u g la s F i r
r e g io n

W e s t e r n P in e r e g io n

R edw ood
r e g io n

N o rth e rn
d is t r ic t s

S o u th e rn
d is t r ic t s

2 1 .5
17. 2
17. 2
8 .4
1. 3
7. 6
4. 3

18. 4
17. 5
17 .5
1. 8
4. 4
2. 7
8. 7.
.8

17. 9
17. 5
17 .5
14. 9
.8
1 .8
.4

1.
1.
1.
.
1.
.
-

.
.
.
.

S e co n d sh ift
W o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on s e c o n d s h ift--------------R e c e iv i n g sh ift d iffe r e n t ia l ----------------------U n if o r m cen ts p e r h o u r ----------------------3 c e n t s __________________________________
4 c e n t s __________________________________
5 c e n t s __________________________________
6 c e n t s __________________________________
10 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------R e c e iv i n g no d if f e r e n t ia l ---------------------------

18 .6
17. 3
17. 3
2 .9
3 .4
3 .6
6 .9
.4
1. 3

17. 5
17. 1
17. 1
1.5
5. 6
2. 1
7. 4
.5
.4

T h i r d o r o th e r late sh ifts
W o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th ird o r
o th e r la te s h i f t s --------------------------------------------R e c e iv i n g sh ift d iffe r e n t ia l ----------------------U n if o r m cen ts p e r h o u r ----------------------3 c e n t s __________________________________
5 c e n t s __________________________________
6 c e n t s ______ _______ ___________ _______
7 c e n t s __________________________________
8 c e n t s __________________________________
R e c e iv i n g no d if f e r e n t ia l ---------------------------

NOTE: Because of rounding,

R edw ood
r e g io n

99
1
-

92
4
4

"

D o u g la s F i r
re g io n

100

100

91
3
3
2

100

W est
C oa st

Redw ood
r e g io n

.9
.9
.9
. 1
. 2
.4
. 1
. 1

.
.
.
.
.

'

3
3
3

2. 3
2. 3
2. 3
. 3
.8
.8
.4
-

'

1
2

sums of individual items may not equal totals.

"

1
1
1
1
0
1

2
2
2

2

■
"
-

Table 15.

Paid Holidays

(P e r c e n t o f p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s in W e s t C o a s t s a w m i l l s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s
fo r p a id h o lid a y s by r e g io n , June 1964)
L o g g in g

S a w m ills and p la n in g m i l l s
N u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s

W est
C oa st




-

-

83
17

n

_________________

100

-

-

19

i

N o rth e rn
d is t r ic t s

71
-

83

81
1
3
1
76

R e c e iv i n g p a id h o l i d a y s ----- 3 d a y s --------------------------------- -------------- —
4 d a y s --------------------------------------------------5 d a y s --------------------------------------- ----------—
6 d a y s --------------------------------------------------7 d a y s --------------------------------------------------R e c e iv i n g no p a id h o l i d a y s -------------------

than 0 .5

100

100

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------- ——------------

Less

D o u g la s F i r
r e g io n

W e s t e r n P in e re g io n

69
2
29

S o u th e rn
d is t r ic t s

100
88
5
13
4
66
12

R edw ood
r e g io n

100
81
2
1
78
19

W est
C oa st

D o u g la s F i r
re g io n

W e s t e r n P in e r e g io n
N o rth e rn
d is t r ic t s

S o u th ern
d is t r ic t s

Redw ood
r e g io n

100

100

100

100

100

78

76

63

99

76

76

63

29
6
64

~
76

24

37

1

24

6
1
72
22

1

p e rc e n t.

ro

0)

Table 16. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t of p roduction w o r k e r s in W es t C o a st s a w m ills with fo r m a l p ro v is io n s fo r p aid
vacations a ft e r sele c te d p e rio d s o f s e r v ic e by re g io n , June 1964)
L o g g in g

S a w m ills and p la n in g m ills
W est
C oast

D ou glas
F ir
r e g io n

100

V a c a tio n p o lic y

92
92

W e s te r n P in e r e g io n

R edw ood
r e g io n

W est
C oast

D o u gla s
F ir
r e g io n

W e s te r n P in e r e g io n

R edw ood
r e g io n

N o r th e r n
d is t r ic t s

S o u th ern
d is tr ic ts

100

100

100

100

95
95

83
83

94
93
1

98
98

7

5

17

6

2

93

95

81

94

98

15

N o r th e r n
d is t r ic t s

S o u th ern
d is t r ic t s

100

100

100

100

100

92
92

93
93

97
95
1

86
86

93
93

8

8

7

3

14

i

91

89

4
93

1
81
4

16

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s —----------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t ir n e p a y m e n t -----------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t -----------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a tio n s -------------------------------

(* )

(* )

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 1
2
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------

90
(‘ )

A fte r 3 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---- ------------—
2 w e e k s ----- --------------------------------------------

22
1
69

76

27
2
61

20
1
75

36
1
49

(‘ )
78

15
79

13
68

2
1
91

43
“
55

7
1
83
2

2
87
2

18
2
70
3

2
1
93

12
1
71
2

i
(* )
90
2

92
3

78
5

1
93

83

2

15

2
1
35
58

1
74
11

(* )
(* )
28
65

17
77

13
68
2

1
45
48

“
84
11

'

‘

-

A ft e r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------2 w e e k s ---------- --------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------ --------------------------------

15

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e 3
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------- — ----O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---- ....------------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------

5
(‘ )
25
61
1

-

-

12
77

14
61
3

"

(*)

3

1 C e s s than 0. 5 p e rc e n t.
2 V a c a tio n p a y m en ts, such as p erce n t o f annual earn in gs , w e r e co nverted to an eq u ivalen t tirm b a s is . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r i ly chosen and do not n e c e s s a r i ly r e fle c t the in d iv id u a l e s ta b lish m en t p ro v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r ex am p le, the changes ir p ro p o rtio n s indicated at 10 y e a r s m ay in clu de changes in p ro v is io n s
o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
3 V acatio n p r o v is io n s w e r e v irtu a lly the sam e a ft e r lon ger p e rio d s of s e rv ic e .

NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.




Table 17. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s in W e s t C o a s t s a w m il l s w ith s p e c ifi e d h e a lth , in s u r a n c e ,
and p e n s io n p la n s by r e g io n , June 1964)

S a w m ills and p la n in g m il l s
T y pe of p la n 1

A l l w o r k e r s ------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th an d d i s m e m b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e ---------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t
in s u r a n c e 2 ---------------------------------------H o s p it a liz a t io n i n s u r a n c e ---------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------------- C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e ---------------------R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n --------------------------N o p l a n s -----------------------------------------------

W est
C oast

D o u g la s F i r
r e g io n

100

100

W e s t e r n P in e r e g io n

L o g g in g
Redw ood
r e g io n

W est
C oa st

D o u g la s F i r
r e g io n

N orth e rn
d is t r ic t s

S o u th e rn
d is t r ic t s

100

100

100

100

R edw ood
re g io n

N o rth e rn
d is t r ic t s

S o u th ern
d is t r ic t s

100

100

100

100

75

76

66

78

80

83

87

68

80

87

66

74

62

64

49

73

84

64

53

49

46
63
63
64
29
56
14

69
55
55
55
14
63
9

54
56
56
58
38
37
23

16
73
73
73
31
63
16

2
88
88
88
67
50
12

60
78
78
78
33
80
4

80
81
81
81
27
88
1

73
66
66
66
46
41
14

17
70
70
70
33
83
6

98
98
98
58
79
2

1 I n c lu d e s o n ly th o se p la n s fo r w h ich at le a s t p a r t o f the co st is b o r n e by the e m p lo y e r and e x c lu d e s
s o c i a l s e c u r it y , an d the C a li f o r n i a p r o g r a m o f u n em p lo y m en t c o m p e n s a tio n d is a b ilit y b e n e fit s .
2 N o n e o f the s a w m il l s and p la n in g m il l s , o r lo g g in g c a m p s v is it e d had p r o v is io n s fo r p a id s ic k le a v e .




W e s t e r n P in e r e g io n

l e g a l ly

r e q u ir e d

p la n s

s u ch a s w o r k m e n 's

-

c o m p e n s a tio n ,

10
01




Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey

Scope o f S u rv e y
The s u r v e y in clu ded independent and in te g ra te d esta b lish m en ts p r im a r ily en gaged in
saw ing rou gh lu m b er and tim b e r fr o m lo g s and b o lts , o r re s a w in g cants and flitc h e s into
lu m b er, in clu din g b o x lu m b er and softw ood cut stock (p a rt o f in d u stry 2421 as d efin ed in the
1957 ed itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n M an u al, p r e p a r e d b y the U. S. B u reau
o f the B u d get).
S eco n d a ry o p era tio n s c a r r ie d on at the plant site and lo g g in g op era tio n s o f
in te g ra te d s a w m ills w e r e in clu ded; h o w e v e r, independent planing m ills and independent o r
c o n tra c t lo g g e r s w e r e exclu d ed fr o m the study.
The e sta b lish m en ts studied w e r e s e le c te d fr o m those em p lo y in g 20 w o r k e r s o r m o re
at the tim e o f r e fe r e n c e o f the data used in c o m p ilin g the u n iv e rs e lis ts .

B ureau,
studied,

The nu m ber o f esta b lish m en ts and p rod u ction w o r k e r s a c tu a lly studied
by the
as w e ll as the num bers e s tim a te d to be in the in d u stry during the p a y r o ll p e r io d
a re shown in the fo llo w in g tab le.

E s tim a te d

N u m b e r o f E s ta b lis h m e n ts
and

and

P r o d u c tio n W o rk e rs

N u m b e r S tu d ie d b y

R e g io n ,

Ju n e

in W e s t C o a s t S a w m ills

19 6 4

W o rk e rs

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts 2

in

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

R e g io n *
W ith in

scope

W ith in
S tu d ie d

o f s tu d y

T o t a l W e s t C o a s t ----------------------

S tu d ie d

o f s tu d y

629

16 1

8 3. 250

4 4 .4 0 5

2 76

D o u g l a s F i r ----------------------------------------------------

W e s te rn

scope

52

4 3 , 065

1 9 ,5 9 3

P in e :
d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------

15 3

38

16 , 060

8 ,7 4 5

S o u t h e r n d i s t r i c t s ---------------------------

12 8

39

15 , 868

9 ,8 6 9

R e d w o o d ----------------------------------------------------------

82

32

8 , 257

6 ,1 9 8

N o rth e rn

1

D o u g la s F i r ;

W e s te rn
M o n ta n a ;
W asco ,

and

W e s te rn

th e

C o u n tie s

W a s h in g to n

d is tr ic ts ;

of

P in e — S o u th e r n

La k e ,

H u m b o ld t,

M a lh e u r ,

M a rin ,

R e d w o o d :
2

o f

B a k e r,

and

A re a

O re g o n ,

w est

o f W a s h in g to n ,

G illia m ,

M o rro w ,

o f

th e

C a scad e

e a s t o f th e

S h e rm a n ,

M o u n ta in s .

C ascade

U m a tilla ,

M o u n ta in s ;
U n io n ,

Id a h o

W a llo w a ,

and
and

O re g o n .

K la m a th ,

u n iv e r s e

A re a s

P in e — N o r th e r n

In c lu d e s

and

M e n d o c in o ,

T h e
o n ly

C o u n tie s

d is tr ic ts :

T h e

W h e e le r,
and

C o u n tie s

O re g o n ;

o f C ro o k ,

and

D e s c h u te s ,

C a lifo r n ia

e xce p t

G ra n t,

th e

H a rn e y ,

C o u n tie s

o f

Je ffe rs o n ,
D e l

N o rte ,

S o n o m a.

o f D e l N o rte ,

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

w it h

H u m b o ld t,

M a rin ,

20

or

w orke rs

M e n d o c in o ,

m o re

at

th e

and

tim e

S o n o m a ,
o f

C a lifo r n ia .

r e fe re n c e

o f

th e

d a ta .

M ethod o f Study
D ata w e r e obtained by p e rs o n a l v is its o f B ureau fie ld eco n o m ists under the d i r e c ­
tion o f the B u rea u 's A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c to r fo r W ages and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .
Th e
su rvey w as conducted on a sam ple b a s is .
T o obtain a p p ro p ria te a c c u ra c y at m in im u m
cost, a g r e a te r p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e than o f s m a ll esta b lish m en ts w as studied.
In c o m b in ­
ing the data, h o w e v e r, a ll esta b lish m en ts w e r e g iven th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eig h t.
A ll e s t i­
m ates a re p resen ted , th e r e fo r e , as re la tin g to a ll esta b lish m en ts in the in du stry group,
exclu din g only those below the m in im u m s iz e at the tim e o f r e fe r e n c e o f the u n iv e rs e data.




27

28
E s ta b lish m en t D efin itio n
An e s ta b lish m en t, fo r p u rp oses o f this study, is d efin ed as a sin gle p h y s ic a l lo c a ­
tion w h ere s a w m illin g o p era tio n s a re p e r fo r m e d .
L o g g in g cam ps o f in te g ra te d s a w m ills
w e r e also included. A n e s ta b lish m en t is not n e c e s s a r ily id e n tic a l w ith the com pany, w hich
m a y c o n s is t o f one esta b lis h m e n t o r m o re .

E m p lo ym en t
The e s tim a te s o f the num ber o f w o r k e r s
as a g e n e r a l guide to the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n
The advance planning n e c e s s a r y to m ake a w age
lish m en ts a s s e m b le d c o n s id e ra b ly in advance o f

w ith in the scope o f the study a re intended
o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu ded in the su rv e y .
s u rv e y r e q u ir e s the use o f lis ts o f e s ta b ­
the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied.

P ro d u c tio n W o rk e rs
The te r m "p ro d u ctio n w o r k e r s , " as used in this b u lletin , in clu des w o rk in g fo r e m e n
and a ll n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s en gaged in n on o ffice fu n ction s.
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e ,
p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l p e rs o n n e l, and fo r c e -a c c o u n t co n stru ctio n e m p lo y e e s , who w e r e
u tiliz e d as a s e p a ra te w o rk fo r c e , on the fir m 's own p r o p e r tie s , w e r e exclu ded.

O ccupations S e le c te d fo r Study
O ccu p ation al c la s s ific a tio n was b ased on a u n iform s et o f jo b d e s c rip tio n s d esign ed
to take account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a re a v a ria tio n s in duties w ith in the sam e jo b .
(See appendix B fo r these job d e s c rip tio n s . ) The occu pations w e r e ch osen fo r th e ir num er­
ic a l im p o rta n c e , th e ir u sefu ln ess in c o lle c tiv e b a rg a in in g , o r th e ir r e p re s e n ta tiv e n e s s o f the
e n tire job s c a le in the in d u stry.
W ork in g s u p e r v is o r s , a p p re n tic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e rs ,
tra in e e s , handicapped, p a r t- tim e , te m p o ra ry , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s w e r e not r e p o rte d
in the data fo r s e le c te d occupations but w e re inclu ded in the data fo r a ll prod u ction w o r k e r s .

W age Data
The w age in fo rm a tio n re la te s to a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s, exclu din g
p rem iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and la te sh ifts.
In cen tive
p aym en ts, such as th ose resu ltin g fr o m p ie c e w o r k o r p rod u ction bonus s y s te m s , and c o s to f- liv in g bonuses w e r e inclu ded as p a rt o f the w o r k e r s ' r e g u la r pay; but nonproduction bonus
p aym en ts, such as C h ris tm a s o r yea ren d , w e re exclu d ed . P a ym en ts to fa lle r s and bu ck ers
fo r saw ren ta ls w e r e a lso exclu d ed fr o m s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs.
A v e r a g e h o u rly ra te s o r earn in gs fo r each occu pation o r oth er group o r w o r k e r s ,
such as prod u ction w o r k e r s , w e r e ca lcu la ted b y w eigh tin g each ra te (o r h o u rly ea rn in gs)
b y the num ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g the ra te, tota lin g, and d ivid in g b y the num ber o f in d i­
v id u a ls.
The h o u rly e a rn in gs o f s a la r ie d w o r k e r s w e r e obtain ed b y d ivid in g s tr a ig h t-tim e
s a la r y b y n o rm a l ra th e r than actual hours.

L a b o r-M a n a g e m e n t A g re e m e n ts
S ep arate w age data are p res e n te d , w h ere p o s s ib le , fo r esta b lish m en ts w ith (1) a
m a jo r ity o f the p rod u ction w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t c o n tra c ts , and ( Z) none
o r a m in o r ity o f the p rod u ction w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t c o n tra cts.

M inim u m R ates
M inim u m en tran ce ra tes p re s e n te d r e fe r to the lo w e s t fo r m a l ra te s es ta b lis h e d fo r
in e x p e rie n c e d cleanup m en in s a w m ills . M inim um job ra te s r e f e r to the lo w e s t fo r m a l ra tes
e s ta b lis h e d fo r e x p e rie n c e d w o r k e r s in this occu pation a fte r any le a rn in g o r p ro b a tio n a ry
p e rio d .




29

Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
Data r e fe r
on the day shift.
Shift P r a c t ic e s

to

the

p red o m in a n t w o rk

schedule

fo r

fu ll- t im e

p rod u ction

w ork ers

and D iffe r e n tia ls

Data r e f e r to la t e - s h ift p r a c tic e s o f esta b lish m en ts during the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied
and are p re s e n te d in te r m s o f the p ro p o rtio n o f p rod u ction w o r k e r s a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d under
the conditions s p e c ifie d .
S u p p lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
S u p p lem en tary b en e fits w e r e tre a te d s ta tis tic a lly on the b a s is that i f fo r m a l p r o ­
v is io n s w e r e a p p lica b le to h a lf o r m o r e o f the prod u ction w o r k e r s in an esta b lish m en t, the
b en e fits w e r e c o n s id e re d a p p lica b le to a ll such w o r k e r s .
S im ila r ly , if fe w e r than h a lf o f
the w o r k e r s w e re c o v e re d , the b e n e fit was c o n s id e re d n on existen t in the esta b lish m en t.
B ecau se o f le n g t h - o f- s e r v ic e and oth er e lig ib ilit y re q u ire m e n ts , the p ro p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s
r e c e iv in g the b en e fits m a y be s m a lle r than es tim a te d .
B ecau se o f rounding, the sums o f
in d ivid u al ite m s m a y not equ al to ta ls.
P a id H o lid a y s .
v id e d annually.

P a id

h o lid a y p r o v is io n s

r e la te to fu ll and h a lf-d a y h olid ays p r o ­

P a id V a c a tio n s . The su m m a ries o f va c a tio n plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m en ts, exclu d in g in fo r m a l plans w h e re b y tim e o ff w ith pay is gra n ted at the d is c r e tio n o f
the e m p lo y e r o r the s u p e r v is o r .
P a ym en ts not on a tim e b a sis w e r e c o n v e rte d ; fo r ex a m p le,
a p aym en t o f 2 p e rc e n t o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e re d the e q u iva len t o f 1 w eek*s pay.
The p e rio d s o f s e r v ic e fo r w h ich data a re p re s e n te d w e r e s e le c te d as re p re s e n ta tiv e o f the
m o s t com m on p r a c tic e s , but th ey do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t in d ivid u a l e sta b lish m en t p r o ­
v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
F o r ex a m p le , the changes in p ro p o rtio n s in d ica ted at 10 y e a rs
o f s e r v ic e m a y include changes w h ich o c c u r r e d b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
H ealth , In su ra n ce, and P e n s io n P la n s . D ata a re p re s e n te d fo r health, in su ran ce,
and p en sion plans fo r w h ich a ll o r a p a rt o f the c o s t is b orn e b y the e m p lo y e r , exclu din g
p ro g ra m s re q u ir e d b y la w , such as w o r k m e n ^ com p en sation and s o c ia l s e c u rity .
A m on g
the plans inclu d ed are th ose u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r ic a l in su ran ce com pan y and those
paid d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r fr o m his c u rre n t o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund set aside
fo r this pu rp ose.
Death b e n efits a re in clu d ed
in su ran ce is lim ite d to that type o f
a re m ade d ir e c t ly to the in su red on
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d
at le a s t a p a rt o f the cost.

as a fo r m o f life in su ra n ce.
S ickn ess and accid en t
in su ran ce under w hich p re d e te r m in e d cash paym ents
a w e e k ly o r m on th ly b a s is during illn e s s o r accid en t
fo r a ll such plans to w h ich the e m p lo y e r con trib u tes

M e d ic a l in su ran ce r e fe r s to plans p ro v id in g fo r co m p le te o r p a r tia l paym en t o f
d octors* fe e s .
Such plans m a y be u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r ic a l in su ran ce com pan y o r a
n o n p ro fit o rg a n iz a tio n , o r th ey m a y be s e lf-in s u r e d .
C a ta strop h e in su ran ce, so m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as exten ded m e d ic a l in su ran ce,
inclu des the plans d esig n ed to c o v e r e m p lo y e e s in ca se o f sick n ess o r in ju ry in v o lv in g
an expen se w h ich goes beyon d the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liza tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r ­
g ic a l plans.

m ent,

Tabu lation s o f r e tir e m e n t pensions a re lim ite d to plans w h ich p r o v id e ,
r e g u la r paym ents fo r the re m a in d e r o f the w o rk e r* s life .




on r e t i r e ­

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y pu rpose o f p re p a rin g job d e s c rip tio n s
fo r the B u rea u 's w a ge su rveys is to a s s is t its fie ld sta ff
in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te occu pations w o r k e r s who
a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll title s and d i f f e r ­
ent w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m esta b lish m en t to esta b lish m en t
and fr o m a r e a to a re a . T h is p e rm its the grou pin g o f o c ­
cupational w a ge ra te s re p re s e n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b content.
B ecau se o f this em ph asis on in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r ­
a r e a c o m p a ra b ility o f occu p ation al content, the B u rea u 1s
job d e s c rip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in use
in in d ivid u a l esta b lish m en ts o r th ose p r e p a r e d fo r oth er
p u rp o ses. In applyin g th ese jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u rea u 's
fie ld eco n o m ists a r e in s tru c te d to exclu d e w o rk in g s u p e r­
v is o r s , a p p re n tic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e rs , tr a in e e s , handi­
capped, p a r t- tim e , te m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

L o g g in g

BUCKER,

PO W ER

(C r o s s c u tte r ; d ra gsa w m an; lo g cu tter)
Saws fe lle d tr e e s into lo g s o f d e s ir e d len gth using a p o w e r - d r iv e n c ro s s c u t saw;
p la c e s w ood supports under t r e e s , when n e c e s s a r y , to p re v e n t sp littin g o f the u n d ersid e;
and saw s fe lle d t r e e s , d r iv e s w ooden o r s te e l w e d g e s into sawcut to p re v e n t binding o f
the saw.

b u ck er.

B u ck ers who a lso p e r fo r m the duties o f a f a lle r
(S ee d e s c r ip tio n s .)

should be c la s s ifie d as f a lle r

and

BU LLD O ZER O PERATO R
O p e ra te s a g a s o lin e - o r d ie s e l- p o w e r e d a u to m o tive o r c r a w le r - t r e a d tr a c to r w ith a
con cave s te e l s c r a p e r b lad e mounted in fro n t o f ch a ssis to le v e l and d istrib u te ea rth in the
con stru ction o f ro a d s , lan d in gs, y a rd in g t r a ils , etc. ; and re g u la te s heigh t o f s c ra p e r blade
fr o m ground by adju stin g hand le v e r .
M ay a lso m o v e lo g s into p o s itio n fo r skidding o r
lo a d in g .
C A T D R IV E R ,

SKID D ING

O p era tes a g a s o lin e - o r d ie s e l- p o w e r e d tr a c t o r , u su a lly equipped
w ith a lo g g in g
a rch , to skid lo g s fr o m cutting a re a s to lo ad in g la n d in gs.
O b s e rv e s ch ok erm an to d e t e r ­
m in e that ch ok er is attached to w in ch cab le and o p e ra te s w in ch to lift fo r w a r d end o f lo g
into a rc h .
O p era tes tr a c to r to skid lo g to landing.
CHOKERM AN
(C h oke s e tte r ; ch ok er)
F a sten s a ch ok er (n oose o f w ir e , ro p e , c a b le, o r chain) to lo g ends by w hich lo g s
a re skidded to load in g landings e ith e r by high le a d r ig g in g o r cat d r iv e r s . P ic k s up ch ok er
and d ra g s to lo g w ith the a s s is ta n c e o f another ch ok erm an .
C le a r s brush and d ir t fr o m
under one end o f lo g to slip nubbin o f ch ok er under lo g .
F a sten s nubbin into ch oker b e ll
to fo r m noose around lo g and takes le a s t h azard ou s p o s itio n b e fo r e lo g m o v e s . M ay a s s is t
hook ten d er and head r ig g e r in changes o f rig g in g o r m o v e s .




30

31

D U M P T R U C K D R IV E R
D riv e s a dump tru ck to tra n s p o rt lo o s e m a te r ia l such as sand, g r a v e l, cru shed
ro ck , o r d irt.
R a is e s tru ck body to dump loa d by m anipu lating le v e r s in s id e cab o r by
turning handcrank on sid e o f tru ck .
M ay load tru ck by hand o r by m ech a n ica l loadin g
equipm ent; and m ay m ake m in o r r e p a ir s to keep tru ck in good w o rk in g o r d e r .

E N G IN E E R ,

LO G L O A D IN G

(H o is t o p e ra to r; ja m m e r o p e ra to r)
O p era tes a p o w ered load in g m achine by m anipulating le v e r s to c o n tro l cab les and
boom s used to h oist lo g s fr o m the ground o r load in g landing onto ra ilw a y ca rs o r tru ck s.
O b s e rv e s w h is tle s and hand sign als o f head lo a d e r and ground lo a d e r in op era tin g loadin g
m achine.

F A L L E R AND BUCKER,

PO W ER

(B u ck er; chopper; c ro s s c u tte r ; cu tter; fa lle r ; f e lle r ; lo g cu tter; lo g m a k er; tim b e r cu tter;
tim b e r fa lle r ; t r e e fa lle r )
W o rk in g w ith p a rtn e r, uses p o w ersa w equipm ent to f e l l tr e e s .
tr e e s into lo g len gth s.

M ay saw the fe lle d

T h is c la s s ific a tio n in clu des w o r k e r s who p e r fo r m the fa llin g and bucking o p era tio n s.
It does not, h o w e v e r, in clu de w o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in ( l ) s e le c tin g tr e e s to be fe lle d and
notching o r u ndercutting the sid e o f t r e e s in the d ire c tio n o f fa ll; (2) saw ing and chopping
lim b s fr o m fe lle d tr e e s to p re p a re them fo r cutting into lo g s and skidding; (3) p eelin g b a rk
fr o m the u n d ersid e o f lo g s and sm oothing sligh t cro o k s in the lo g s to fa c ilita te d ra g g in g the
lo g s o v e r the ground; and (4) p e e lin g b ark fr o m pulpwood lo g s .
T h e s e o p era tio n s m ay be
p e r fo r m e d by fa lle r s and b u ck ers.

FALLER,

POW ER

( F e l l e r ; lo g cu tter; lu m b er f a lle r ; head fa lle r ; second f a lle r ; tim b e r fa lle r ; tr e e fa lle r )
F e lls tr e e s using an axe to notch t r e e in d ire c tio n o f fa ll and u ses p o w ersa w
m ent fo r the fe llin g o p era tio n .

eq u ip ­

F a lle r s m ay w o rk in d iv id u a lly , as a tea m on an equal b a s is , o r as a c re w con sistin g
o f head f a lle r and second f a lle r w ith the fo r m e r being re s p o n s ib le fo r the fe llin g o p era tio n
and the la t t e r as a ssista n t.
F o r w age study p u rp oses fa lle r s , w o rk in g in d iv id u a lly o r as a tea m on an equal b a s is ,
should be c la s s ifie d as fa lle r s ; and th ose in a c re w as head fa lle r s o r second f a lle r s .
F a lle r , p o w er
H ead fa lle r , p o w er
Second fa lle r , p o w er

b u ck er.

F a lle r s who a lso p e r fo r m the duties o f a bu cker should be c la s s ifie d as f a lle r and
(S ee d e s c r ip tio n s .)

GROUND LO A D E R
(Second lo a d e r; h oo k er)
D ire c ts the p lacin g o f lo g s on ra ilr o a d c a rs o r tru cks by hand sign als to log loadin g
en g in eer and tr u c k d r iv e r ; r e m o v e s ton gs, chains, o r oth er load in g d e v ic e s ; and m ay brand
lo g s by s trik in g w ith a branding iro n . R e c e iv e s in stru ction s on w h ere lo g s should be p la ced
on load fr o m head lo a d e r .




32
GROUNDM AN,

R IG G IN G

A s s is ts the r ig g e r in in s ta llin g rig g in g used to y a rd lo g s fr o m the cutting a re a .
W o rk in v o lv e s p la cin g and secu rin g guy lin e s and end o f sky lin e to anchor stum ps, and
a s s e m b lin g the ca b les through the b lo ck s.
HEAD LO AD E R
(T o p lo a d e r )
R esp o n s ib le fo r the p ro p e r p la cin g o f lo g s on r a ilw a y c a rs or tru c k s . W o rk in v o lv e s
s e le c tin g lo g s to be load ed ; p o sitio n in g fa sten in g ton gs, chains, o r oth er d e v ic e s about lo g
w hich is to be load ed ; sign a lin g lo g load in g en g in e e r when lo g is to be h o is te d ; and d ire c tin g
a c tiv itie s o f secon d lo a d e r , groundm an, o r h o o k e r.
H IG H R IG G E R
(H igh c lim b e r ; to p p er; top r ig g e r )
P r e p a r e s t r e e s as spar t r e e s , to w h ich rig g in g is attached fo r y a rd in g (hauling)
lo g s fr o m the cutting a r e a . W o rk in v o lv e s c lim b in g t r e e and cutting bran ch es and top fr o m
t r e e ; attaching rig g in g (c a b le s , p u lle y s , e t c .) at a p p ro p ria te h eigh t to p ro v id e adequate
stren gth and c le a ra n c e above ground; and d ire c tin g the p la cin g o f ground rig g in g to p re v e n t
m o vem en t o f, and to b r a c e , spar t r e e . M ay a ls o r e m o v e r ig g in g fr o m abandoned spar t r e e s .
HOOK TE N D E R ,
(F o r e m a n ,

HIG H L E A D

h ig h -le a d sid e; head hook,

h ig h -le a d sid e)

D ir e c ts the p la cin g and/or tr a n s fe r o f rig g in g and donkey en gin es, the lo g g in g o p e r a ­
tion s on the h ig h -le a d sid e, and the ya rd in g o f lo g s by sky lin e rig g in g fr o m the cutting
a r e a to the lan din g. A ls o d ir e c ts e m e rg e n c y re p a ir s to r ig g in g and m a c h in e ry .
LO G S C A L E R
(L o g in s p e c to r;

s c a le r )

D e te rm in e s the volu m e o f tim b e r in each lo g by m ea su rin g the length and d ia m e te r
o f the lo g w ith a sca lin g stick , tap e, o r oth er m ea su rin g d e v ic e ; and r e c o r d s m ea su rem en ts
in book and on end o f lo g w ith cra yon . M ay a s c e r ta in amount o f m a rk e ta b le tim b e r in d e­
fe c t iv e lo g s ; and m ay r e je c t lo g s that contain an e x c e s s o f unsound tim b e r .
M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

R e p a irs a u to m o b iles, m o to rtru c k s , and tr a c to r s o f an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s
m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in in g a u tom otive equipm ent to d iagn ose so u rc e o f tro u b le ; d is a s ­
sem b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as w re n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g b rok en
o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m stock; grin d in g and adjusting v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and/or in s ta llin g
the v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts; and alin in g w h e e ls ,
adjusting b ra k es and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body b o lts .
R E P A IR M A N ,

H E A V Y E Q U IP M E N T

R e p a irs h eavy equipm ent such as d ie s e l- p o w e r e d r a ilw a y type lo c o m o tiv e s , tru cks
w ith compound tra n s m is s io n s , c r a w le r and w h e e le d t r a c t o r s , r o lle r s , g r a d e r s , e a rth m o v e rs ,
p o w e r s h o v e ls , lo a d e r s , h yd ra u lic pum ps, and a ir c o m p r e s s o r s .
W o rk in v o lv e s o v e rh a u ling g a s o lin e and d ie s e l en gin es, h ea vy -d u ty clu tch es, tr a n s m is s io n s , c o n tro l lin k a g e s , b rakin g
s y s te m s , and h y d ra u lic pneum atic and cable s te e rin g and liftin g s y s te m s ; re p a irin g and
re b u ild in g ch a ssis and b o d ie s , and a s s is tin g in building and in s ta llin g s p e c ia lly d esign ed
attachm ents fo r lo c o m o tiv e s , tru ck s, and oth er equipm ent; m ay do e le c t r ic and gas w eld in g ;
and m ay d ir e c t the w o rk o f one h e lp e r o r m o re .




33

SAW F IL E R ,

POW ERSAW S

Sharpens saws used in an esta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s a com bin ation o f the f o l ­
low in g : E xa m in in g and testin g saw s fo r p ro p e r ten sion ; c o r r e c tin g ten sion o f saws by f la t ­
tening o r thinning p o rtio n s o f the b lad e, using a h a m m er o r a ten sion in g m ach in e; sh arp en ­
ing saw teeth by filin g o r by o p era tin g a sa w -sh a rp en in g m ach in e; settin g saw teeth to w iden
the cut o f the saw, using handtools o r sp e c ia l m a ch in es; and re p a irin g b rok en saws by
b ra zin g and fin ish in g the m ended s u rfa c e .
T R U C K D R IV E R ,

L O G G IN G

Hauls lo g s on a t r a ile r tru ck fr o m one load in g landing to an oth er, o r to a r iv e r , or
a lo g pond at a m ill.
A id s in load in g and unloading lo g s and fa sten s chains around lo g s
on tru ck .

S a w m ills and P la n in g M ills

BARKER O PERATO R
O p era tes a p o w e r b a rk e r to r e m o v e b a rk fr o m lo g s .
B a rk m ay be r e m o v e d by
su bjectin g lo g s to h ea vy w a te r p r e s s u r e o r by rota tin g cu rved k n ives that plane aw ay b a rk
in high speed o p era tio n .
M anipu lates l e v e r s , sw itc h e s , and v a lv e s to p o s itio n lo g in m a ­
chine and a p p lies e ith e r w a te r p r e s s u r e o r cutting head to r e m o v e b ark , d ir t, and ro c k s .
Saws o r chops o ff lim b s o r oth er p ro je c tio n s w hich m igh t p re s e n t an ob stru ctio n to p assage
o f lo g s through m ach in e.
M ay p e r fo r m m ain ten an ce to b a rk e r by r e m o v a l o f com ponent
p a rts fo r r e p a ir .

B LO CK SE TTE R
(B lo c k p la c e r ; ra tch et s e tte r;

s e tte r)

R id es on lo g c a r r ia g e o f head saw and on sig n a l by head s a w y e r m o ves le v e r to
adjust p o s itio n o f lo g on c a r r ia g e so that planks o f d e s ir e d th ick n ess a re cut o ff as c a r r ia g e
p a s s e s saw; p u lls l e v e r w h ich m o ves c a r r ia g e b lo ck s to w a rd c e n te r o f c a r r ia g e to m ake
ro o m fo r lo g s ; m o v e s le v e r to advance lo g to w a rd edge o f c a r r ia g e to cutting p o sitio n ; and
advan ces lo g a fte r each retu rn o f c a r r ia g e .

C A R R IE R D R IV E R
O p era tes a s p e c ia l tru ck w hich is used to lift , tra n s p o rt, and d ep osit p ile s o f lu m ­
b e r fr o m one p la c e to another w ith in the plant.
D r iv e s tru ck into p o sitio n ; m o ves le v e r s
w h ich hook under and l if t p ile s o f lu m b er; d r iv e s c a r r ie r to d esign a ted lo c a tio n w ith lu m b er
slung underneath; and r e le a s e s le v e r s lo w e r in g lu m b er to the ground.

C LE AN U P M AN
C lean s and k eeps in an o r d e r ly condition m ill w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h r o o m s . D uties
in v o lv e re m o v in g b a rk , chips, b o a rd ends, sawdust, and oth er d e b ris fr o m w o rk a rea s
m an u ally using v a rio u s types o f hand c o n v e y o rs .
Sweeps w o r k a r e a s .

C U T O F F -S A W
(C u to ff-s a w

OPERATOR
o p e r a to r ,

tr e a d le - o p e r a te d ;

sw inging

c u to ff-s a w o p e ra to r)

O p era tes a sw in gin g o r tr e a d le - o p e r a te d cu toff saw to cut w ooden stock to d e s ir e d
len gth s; and g ra d e s and cuts stock to b est advan tage, elim in a tin g knots and oth er d e fe c ts .




34

EDGER M AN
(E d g in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r )
A d ju sts spacing o f the s e v e r a l saw s o f an edgin g m ach in e in o r d e r to obtain the
m axim u m num ber o f standard w idth , q u a lity b oa rd s fr o m each plank; fe e d s the planks into
the fe e d r o lle r s that g ra sp and c a r r y it through m ach in e; and r a is e s o r lo w e r s by handw h e e l the fe e d r o lle r s to a ccom m od a te planks o f d iffe r e n t th ic k n e s s e s .
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e functions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m ain ten an ce,
o r r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the ge n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in
an e sta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r re p a ir in g any o f a
v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l equipm ent such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itch b o a rd s, c o n tr o lle r s ,
c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to rs , heating units, conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r tra n s m is s io n equipm ent;
w o rk in g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s, layou t, o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and diagn osin g
tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y stem o r equipm ent; w o rk in g standard com putations re la tin g to
loa d re q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; using a v a r ie t y o f e le c tr ic ia n * s handtools
and m ea su rin g and testin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m aintenance e le c t r ic ia n
re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip
o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E N D -L IF T

TRUCK O PERATO R

O p era tes an e n d -lift-tr u c k (a c a r r ie r o f s p e c ia l d esign ) to p ick up, tra n s p o rt, and
stack lu m b er throughout the plant.
W o rk in v o lv e s o p e ra tin g hand and fo o t le v e r s to m o ve
tru ck into p o s itio n a lo n g sid e o f lu m b er; m anipu lating le v e r s w hich o p e ra te the liftin g d e v ic e
to e le v a te the lu m b e r; d riv in g tru c k to d esign a ted lo c a tio n ; ra is in g the lo a d , b y m eans of
l e v e r s , to p r o p e r height to c le a r lu m b e r stack; p o sitio n in g loa d o v e r stack; and m anipulating
le v e r s to lo w e r lu m b er on stack and to r e le a s e end pron g when lu m b e r is p la ced .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p era tes and m aintains and m ay a lso s u p e rv is e the o p e ra tio n o f s ta tio n a ry engines
and equipm ent (m ech a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to supply the esta b lish m en t in w h ich e m p lo yed w ith
p o w e r, h eat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir-c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s op era tin g and m ain tain in g
equipm ent such as steam en gin es, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o to rs , tu rb in es, v e n ti­
la tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equipm ent, steam b o ile r s and b o ile r « f e d w a te r pumps; m aking equ ip ­
m ent r e p a ir s ; and k eepin g a r e c o r d o f o p era tio n o f m a c h in e ry , te m p e ra tu re , and fu el con ­
sum ption. M ay a ls o s u p e rv is e th ese o p e ra tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs in estab lish m en ts
em p loyin g m o r e than one e n g in eer a re exclu d ed .

F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F ir e s sta tio n a ry b o ile r s used in a fa c to r y , p o w erp la n t, o r oth er esta b lish m en t to
fu rn ish heat, to g e n e ra te p o w e r, o r to supply steam fo r in d u s tria l p r o c e s s e s .
F eed s fu el
to f i r e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m ech a n ica l s to k e r, o r gas o r o il b u rn er; and checks w a te r
and sa fe ty v a lv e s . M ay clea n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a ir in g b o ile r ro o m equipm ent.

GRADER,

LU M BER

E xam in es and sorts m ille d o r rough saw ed lu m b er a c c o rd in g to d esign ed standards;
as m ille d lu m b er p a sses on c o n v e y o r b elt o r is p la c e d on ta b le , exam in es it on a ll sid es
fo r d e fe c ts , such as knots, fau lty ed ges, stain s, and u n s a tis fa c to ry m achine w o rk ; rou tes
fau lty p ie c e s to w o r k e r s who d isp o se of them ; r e m o v e s s a tis fa c to r y p ie c e s and p la ces them
in p ro p e r bin o r tru ck , s o rts them into c la s s e s w h ich a re d e te rm in e d by the p re s e n c e of
b le m is h e s , such as w o rn h o le s , s m a ll knots, o r o ff- c o lo r in g .
M ay sc a le b oard fo o ta g e in
each p ie c e and r e c o r d re s u lts . In som e esta b lish m en ts the g r a d e r m a rk s each s a tis fa c to r y
p ie c e w ith a num ber that in d ica tes its g ra d e and sends it to the s o r t e r , who p la ces it in
the p r o p e r bin.




35
GRADER,

L U M B E R — Continued

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
G ra d er,
G ra d er,
G ra d er,

g re e n chain
planed lu m b er
rough d ry lu m b e r

H E A D -S A W O P E R A T O R
(B a n d -h e a d -s a w o p e r a to r ; c ir c u la r -h e a d -s a w o p e ra to r; head s a w y e r; s a w y e r,

head r ig )

S u p e rv is e s and d ir e c ts a c t iv it ie s o f the e n tire head r ig c re w w h ile op era tin g a bandhead saw o r a c ir c u la r -h e a d saw, w hich cuts lo g s into rough lu m b e r; is re s p o n s ib le fo r
m ain tain in g e ffic ie n t w o r k p e r fo r m a n c e , high ra te s o f produ ction , and fo r keeping w a s te to a
m in im u m .
M a y o p e ra te a con ven tion al type head saw re q u irin g b lo c k s e tte rs who rid e the
lo g c a r r ia g e and adjust p o s itio n o f lo g o r c a r r ia g e on sign a l; o r m ay o p e ra te a r id e r le s s
c a r r ia g e type head saw equipped w ith a re m o te c o n tro l apparatus fo r p osition in g lo g on lo g
c a r r ia g e w hich is o p e ra te d by the h ea d -sa w o p e r a to r . B lo ck s e tte r s a r e not re q u ire d in the
o p e ra tio n o f a r id e r le s s c a r r ia g e type head saw .
F o r w a ge study p u rp o ses, w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type o f saw op era ted as fo llo w s :
H e a d -s a w
H e a d -s a w
H e a d -s a w
H e a d -s a w

o p e r a to r ,
o p e r a to r ,
o p e r a to r ,
o p e r a to r ,

band, con ven tion al
c ir c u la r , con ven tion al
band, r id e r le s s c a r r ia g e
c ir c u la r , r id e r le s s c a r r ia g e

K IL N O P E R A T O R
(D r y - k iln o p e r a to r )
C o n tro ls the te m p e ra tu re and h u m idity o f heated en c lo s u re s (k iln s ) used to season
lu m b er a r t if ic ia lly by p e r fo r m in g m o st o f the fo llo w in g : D ire c tin g and a s s is tin g in the lo a d ­
ing o f g re e n lu m b e r on k iln tru ck , pushing lo a d ed tru ck into k iln , and re m o v in g lu m b er f o l ­
lo w in g sea son in g; regu la tin g the d ry in g p r o c e s s by adjusting heating and sp ra y v a lv e s ; testin g
sam p le p ie c e s o f lu m b e r fo r m o is tu re content by w eigh in g b e fo r e and a fte r co m p lete oven
d ryin g; and d e te rm in in g and m ain tain in g th ese conditions in the k iln by freq u en t checking
w ith th e rm o m e te r s and h y g r o m e te r s .

LO AD ER,

CAR AND TRU CK

(C a r s t o r e r ; ca r sto w e r; carm an ; fr e ig h t - c a r lo a d e r ; tra in lo a d e r ; v e h ic le lo a d e r )
L o a d s r a ilw a y c a r o r m o to rtru c k w ith lu m b er produ cts using handtrucks, skids,
b a r s , chutes, hand h o is ts , ja c k s , o r s im ila r equipm ent; p la c e s produ ct in a com pact loa d
w hich w ill not sh ift o r be dam aged in tra n s it and w ill p e r m it unloading in d e s ir e d o r d e r .
M ay s e c u re lo a d w ith ro p e s , m eta l stra p s , o r o th er fa s ten in g s; and m a y a lso unload in com in g
sh ip m en ts.

LO G D E C K M A N
(D eckm an ; lo g h a n d ler; ram pm an; s a w m ill-d e c k la b o r e r )
A r r a n g e s lo g s on s a w m ill lo g deck in convenient o r d e r fo r a c c e s s ib ilit y to c a r r ia g e
o f head saw; r o lls lo g s fr o m c o n v e y o r, tr a m c a r , o r m o to rtru c k into p o s itio n , using a cant
hook; o r guides loa d s o f lo g s bein g m oved by cran e o r d e r r ic k , and using a cant hook to
r o ll lo g s into p o s itio n . M ay o p e ra te m ech a n ica l equipm ent used in pu llin g lo g s up an in c lin e
fr o m the lo g pond.
M ay re m o v e stones o r n a ils em bedded in the b a rk o f the lo g s w ith a
p ick o r axe.




36

LUM BER STACKER
(P ile r ;

sta c k e r; k iln lo a d e r ; kiln p u sh er)

P ile s rough saw ed o r planed lu m b er in la r g e stacks fo r a ir d ryin g o r loa d s k iln
c a rs and pushes th em into s tea m -h ea ted kiln s fo r season in g.
Stacks lu m b er m an u ally o r
w ith the aid o f m ech a n ica l equipm ent, sep a ra tin g la y e r s w ith " s t ic k e r s " to in c r e a s e a ir c i r ­
cu lation and ex p ed ite d ry in g ; u su ally w o rk s in a tea m .
T h is c la s s ific a tio n in clu des groundm an o r b o o s te r (who
topm an o r ja c k e r (who w o rk s on top o f the p ile ).
F o r w a ge study p u rp o ses,

w o rk s

on the ground) and

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

L u m b e r s ta c k e r, a ir d ry in g o r s to ra g e
L u m b e r s ta c k e r, kiln d ryin g
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts fo r m ech a n ica l equipm ent o p e ra te d in an
esta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g w ritte n in stru ctio n s and
s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w o rk ; using a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's handtools and
p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; settin g up and op era tin g standard m achine to o ls ; shaping
o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m aking standard shop com putations re la tin g to d im en sion s
o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s , and speeds o f m ach in in g; kn ow ledge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f
the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g standard m a te r ia ls , p a rts , and equipm ent r e q u ire d fo r his
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts . In g e n e ra l, the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ire s
a rounded tra in in g in m a ch in e-sh op p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e ­
ship o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

R e p a irs a u to m o b iles, m o to rtru c k s , and tr a c to r s o f an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s
m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in in g au tom otive equipm ent to d ia gn ose sou rce o f tro u b le ; d is ­
a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as
w re n c h e s , g a g e s , d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g
b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m stock; grin d in g and adju sting v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and/or
in s ta llin g the v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts; and alin in g
w h e e ls , adjusting b ra k es and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body b o lts.
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m ech a n ica l equipm ent o f an esta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
E xam ining m ach in es and m ech a n ica l equipm ent to d iagn ose so u rce o f
tro u b le ; d ism a n tlin g o r p a rtly d ism an tlin g m ach in es and p e r fo r m in g re p a ir s that m a in ly in ­
v o lv e the use o f handtools in scra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p arts
w ith ite m s obtained fr o m stock; o r d e r in g the p rod u ction o f a re p la c e m e n t p art by a m achine
shop, o r sending o f the m achine to a m achine shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritte n
s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a irs o r fo r the prod u ction o f p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m achine shop;
re a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r op era tio n .
In g e n e ra l,
the w o rk o f a m aintenance m ech an ic r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally a c ­
q u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e . E xclu ded fr o m
this c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e settin g up o r adjusting m a ch in es.
O F F -B E A R E R
(C a tc h e r; lu m b er t a ile r ; m achine t a ile r ; t a ile r )
R e c e iv e s w ooden p arts at the d is c h a rg e end o f a m ach in e;
loads m a te r ia ls on co n v e y o r o r tru ck fo r tr a n s fe r e ls e w h e r e .
F o r w a ge study p u rp o ses,
O ff- b e a r e r ,
O ff- b e a r e r ,




head rig
m achine

and p ile s

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

produ cts

or

37
PLA N E R OPERATOR
(F a c e r o p e ra to r; p la n e r; s u r fa c e r o p e ra to r; w o o d -p la n e r o p e r a to r )
O p e ra te s a sin g le o r double s u rfa c e p la n e r to le v e l o ff ir r e g u la r it ie s and cut a
sm ooth su rfa c e on rough stock , red u cin g it to s p e c ifie d th ic k n e s s e s . P la n e r o p e r a to r s m ay
be c la s s ifie d on the b a sis o f w h eth er th ey:
O p era te on ly— by fe e d in g stock into the m ach in e;
o r set up and o p e ra te — by adju sting ta b le fo r depth o f cut and th ick n ess o f stock; adjusting
p r e s s u r e b a r; in s e r tin g , gu idin g, and checking stock; and changing dull b la d e s .
F o r w a ge study p u rp o ses,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

P la n e r o p e r a to r (fe e d only)
P la n e r o p e r a to r (s e t up and o p e ra te )
PO ND M AN
(B oatm an ; boom m an; h o is te r ; lo g chain fe e d e r ; lo g r id e r ; p o le r ; pond m on key;
m an; sin k er p u lle r; sw ingm an)

sin k er

P e r fo r m s any o f the fo llo w in g duties con n ected w ith the s to ra g e o f lo g s in a pond
and th e ir s e le c tio n and d e liv e r y to lo g chute fo r saw ing:
S e le c ts lo g s and d r iv e s them to
lo g chute, w o rk in g fr o m catw alk , fla tb o a t, r a ft, o r fr o m flo a tin g lo g s ; guides lo g s w ith pike
p o le onto lo g chain that c a r r ie s th em up to lo g deck, w o rk in g fr o m bank n ea r fo o t o f lo g chute;
r a is e s sunken lo g s ; and o p e ra te s a p o w e re d w in ch on pond bank to haul cable w ith w hich
sunken o r ja m m e d lo g s a r e r a is e d o r re le a s e d .
SAW F IL E R ,

BENCHW ORK

S harpens, ten sio n s, r e p a ir s , and o th e rw is e fits saws u sed in the esta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Sharpening saw teeth by filin g , o r by o p era tin g a
sa w -sh arp en in g" m ach in e; settin g saw teeth to w id en the cut o f the saw , using handtools o r
s p e c ia l m a ch in es; exam in in g and te s tin g saws fo r p r o p e r ten sion ; c o r r e c tin g ten sion o f saws
by fla tten in g o r thinning p o rtio n s o f b la d e, using h a m m e rs o r a ten sion in g m ach in e; and
re p a ir in g b ro k e n saws by w eld in g o r b ra z in g .
SAW F IL E R ,

F IT T E R A N D H E L P E R

Sharpens saws used in the esta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s sharpening saw teeth by
filin g , o r by o p era tin g a sa w -sh a rp en in g m ach in e; and settin g saw teeth to w id en the cut of
the saw, using handtools o r s p e c ia l m a ch in es. In addition , m ay h elp to r e p a ir b rok en saw s.
SETUP M AN,

W O O D W O R K IN G M A C H IN E S

(M a ch in e s e tte r ; to o l s e tte r)
P r e p a r e s any o f s e v e r a l typ es o f w ood w ork in g m ach in es fo r oth er w o r k e r s by m ount­
ing and adjusting cutting to o ls , and regu la tin g gu ides and o th er p a rts to p rod u ce a produ ct
s p e c ifie d by b lu ep rin t o r sa m p le; and m ay resh ap e o r re s h a rp e n k n ives.
SO RTER,

G R E E N C H A IN

(G re e n -c h a in t a ile r ; g re e n chainm an)
R e m o v e s n ew ly saw ed lu m b er fr o m c o n v e y o r, handtruck, etc. , and stacks it in p ile s
a c c o rd in g to s iz e and g ra d e m a rk ed on each p ie c e by g r a d e r .
SO RTER,

PLAN E D LUM BER

R e m o v e s p lan ed lu m b e r fr o m c o n v e y o r, handtruck, etc. , and
a c c o rd in g to s iz e and gra d e m a rk e d on each p ie c e by g r a d e r .




stacks

it

in

p ile s

38
SO RTER,

RO UG H D R Y L U M B E R

(D r y chaiiim an; d ry chain p u lle r; d r y chain s o r t e r )
R e m o v e s d rie d lu m b e r fr o m c o n v e y o r, handtruck, e tc . , and stacks it in p ile s a c c o rd ­
ing to s iz e and g ra d e m a rk e d on each p ie c e b y g r a d e r .

TALLYM AN
(L u m b e r c h e c k e r)
R e c o rd s the quantity o f lu m b e r in shipm ents o r s to ra g e lo ts d e te rm in e d by lu m b er
in s p e c to r.
W o rk in v o lv e s ch eckin g each p ie c e o f lu m b e r a gain st a lis t to be su re a ll a r e
accounted fo r ; es tim a tin g b o a rd fe e t in each p ie c e ; using a lu m b e r s c a le ; and com puting to ta l
amount in each lo t ta llie d . M a y s u p e rv is e loa d in g and u nloading w h ile ta lly in g .

T R IM M E R M A N
(D o u b le -e n d -tr im m e r o p e ra to r; e q u a liz e r m ach in e o p e r a to r ; t r im s a w y e r; trim m in g m a ­
chine o p e r a to r ; m u lti saw t r im m e r o p e r a to r )
O p e ra te s a m achine equipped w ith two cu to ff saw s o r m o re m ounted on a com m on
h o riz o n ta l shaft to cut w ooden stock to d e s ir e d len g th s.
Th e saw s m ay be ad ju stab le and
a r e sp aced by handwheel to obtain d e s ir e d len gth s o f sto ck . Stock is fe d to the saw s e ith e r
by p la cin g in d ivid u a l len gth s on a c o n v e y o r b e lt o r chain that fe e d s stock into the saw s, o r
on a m o v a b le ta b le that is pushed past the saw s. T h is type o f saw is used in a s a w m ill to
squ are stock ends, to cut stock to standard len g th s, and to t r im out d e fe c ts .
F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
2 o r 3 saw o p era tio n (one m an)
4 to 10 saw o p e ra tio n (on e m an)
11 saw o p era tio n s o r m o r e (on e m an)
2 o r 3 saw o p e ra tio n (tr im m e r m a n and
4 to 10 saw o p e ra tio n (tr im m e r m a n and
11 saw o p era tio n o r m o r e (tr im m e r m a n
11 saw o p e ra tio n o r m o r e (tr im m e r m a n

one h e lp e r )
one h e lp e r )
and one h e lp e r )
and tw o h e lp e r s )

W ATCHM AN
G u ards p r e m is e s o f plant p r o p e r ty , w a re h o u s e s , o ffic e b u ild in g s, o r banks. M akes
rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p r o p e r ty a g a in st f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l en try .




Industry W age Studies
T h e m o s t r e c e n t r e p o r t s f o r i n d u s t r i e s i n c lu d e d in the B u r e a u 1 s p r o g r a m
o f i n d u s t r y w a g e s u r v e y s s i n c e J a n u a r y 1950 a r e l i s t e d b e l o w .
T h o s e f o r w h ic h
a p r i c e is sh ow n a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m
the S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U. S.
G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D. C. , Z0402, o r any o f i t s r e g i o n a l
sa les o ffic e s .
T h o s e f o r w h ic h a p r i c e is not show n m a y be o b t a i n e d f r e e as
lo n g a s a s u p p ly is a v a i l a b l e , f r o m th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s , W a s h in g t o n ,
D. C. , 20212, o r f r o m a n y o f the r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s show n on the i n s i d e b a c k
cover.

I. Occupational Wage Studies
M a n u factu rin g
B a s i c I r o n and S t e e l , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1358 (30 c e n t s ) .
C a n d y and O t h e r C o n f e c t i o n e r y P r o d u c t s , I9 6 0 . B L S R e p o r t 195.
^ C a n n in g and F r e e z i n g , 1957. B L S R e p o r t 136.
C i g a r M a n u f a c t u r i n g , 1964. B L S B u l l e t i n 1436 (30 c e n t s ) .
C i g a r e t t e M a n u f a c t u r i n g , I9 6 0 . B L S R e p o r t 167.
C o t t o n T e x t i l e s , 1963. B L S B u l l e t i n 1410 (40 c e n t s ) .
D i s t i l l e d L i q u o r s , 1952. S e r i e s 2, N o . 88.
F a b r i c a t e d S t r u c t u r a l S t e e l , 1957. B L S R e p o r t 123.
F e r t i l i z e r M a n u f a c t u r i n g , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1362 (40 c e n t s ) .
F l o u r and O t h e r G r a i n M i l l P r o d u c t s , 1961. B L S B u l l e t i n 1337 (30 c e n t s ) .
F l u i d M i l k I n d u s t r y , I9 6 0 . B L S R e p o r t 174.
F o o t w e a r , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1360 (45 c e n t s ) .
H o s i e r y , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1349 (45 c e n t s ) .
I n d u s t r i a l C h e m i c a l s , 1955. B L S R e p o r t 103.
I r o n and S t e e l F o u n d r i e s , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1386 (40 c e n t s ) .
L e a t h e r T a n n in g and F i n i s h i n g , 1963. B L S B u l l e t i n 1378 (40 c e n t s ) .
M a c h i n e r y M a n u f a c t u r i n g , 1964. B L S B u l l e t i n 1429 (35 c e n t s ) .
M e a t P r o d u c t s , 1963. B L S B u l l e t i n 1415 (75 c e n t s ) .
M e n 1 s and B o y s 1 S h i r t s ( E x c e p t W o r k S h i r t s ) and N i g h t w e a r , 1964.
B L S B u l l e t i n 1457 (40 c e n t s ) .
M e n ' s and B o y s ' S uits and C o a t s , 1963. B L S B u l l e t i n 1424 (65 c e n t s ) .
M i s c e l l a n e o u s P l a s t i c s P r o d u c t s , I9 6 0 . B L S R e p o r t 168.
M i s c e l l a n e o u s T e x t i l e s , 1953. B L S R e p o r t 56.
M o t o r V e h i c l e s and M o t o r V e h i c l e P a r t s , 1963. B L S B u l l e t i n 1393 (45 c e n t s ) .
N o n f e r r o u s F o u n d r i e s , I9 6 0 .
B L S R e p o r t 180.
P a i n t s and V a r n i s h e s , 1961. B L S B u l l e t i n 1318 (30 c e n t s ) .
P e t r o l e u m R e f i n i n g , 1959. B L S R e p o r t 158.
P r e s s e d o r B lo w n G l a s s and G l a s s w a r e , 1964. B L S B u l l e t i n 1423 (30 c e n t s ) .
^ P r o c e s s e d W a s t e , 1957. B L S R e p o r t 124.
P u l p , P a p e r , and P a p e r b o a r d M i l l s , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1341 (40 c e n t s ) .
R a d i o , T e l e v i s i o n , and R e l a t e d P r o d u c t s , 1951. S e r i e s 2, N o . 84.
R a i l r o a d C a r s , 1952. S e r i e s 2, N o . 86.
* R a w S u g a r , 1957. B L S R e p o r t 136.
S o u th e rn S a w m i l l s and P l a n i n g M i l l s , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1361 (30 c e n t s ) .
^ 'S tru ctu ra l C l a y P r o d u c t s , I9 6 0 .
B L S R e p o r t 172.
S y n th e t ic F i b e r s , 1958. B L S R e p o r t 143.
S y n th e t ic T e x t i l e s , 19 6 3 0 B L S B u l l e t i n 1414 (35 c e n t s ) Q
T e x t i l e D y e i n g and F i n i s h i n g , 1961. B L S B u l l e t i n 1311 (35 c e n t s ) .
^ T o b a c c o S t e m m i n g and R e d r y i n g , 1957. B L S R e p o r t 136.

*

Studies of the effects of the $1 minimum wage.




I. Occupational Wage Studies--- Continued
M a n u f a c t u r i n g — C o n tin u e d
W e s t C o a s t S a w m i l l i n g , 1959. B L S R e p o r t 156.
W o m e n 1 s and M i s s e s ’ C o a t s and S u its , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1371 (25 c e n t s ) .
W o m e n ’ s and M i s s e s ’ D r e s s e s , 1963. B L S B u l l e t i n 1391 (30 c e n t s ) .
W o o d H o u s e h o l d F u r n i t u r e , E x c e p t U p h o l s t e r e d , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1369
(40 c e n t s ) .
^ W o o d e n C o n t a i n e r s , 1957. B L S R e p o r t 126.
W o o l T e x t i l e s , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1372 (45 c e n t s ) .
W o r k C l o t h i n g , 1964. B L S B u l l e t i n 1440 (35 c e n t s ) .
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
A u t o D e a l e r R e p a i r S h o p s, 1964. B L S B u l l e t i n 1452 (30 c e n t s ) .
B a n k in g I n d u s t r y , I9 6 0 . B L S R e p o r t 179.
B i t u m i n o u s C o a l M i n i n g , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 138 3 (45 c e n t s ) .
C o m m u n i c a t i o n s , 1963. B L S B u l l e t i n 1426 (20 c e n t s ) 0
C o n t r a c t C l e a n i n g S e r v i c e s , 1961. B L S B u l l e t i n 1327 (25 c e n t s ) .
C r u d e P e t r o l e u m and N a t u r a l G a s P r o d u c t i o n , I9 6 0 . B L S R e p o r t 181.
D e p a r t m e n t and W o m e n ’ s R e a d y - t o - W e a r S t o r e s , 1950. S e r i e s 2, N o .
E a t i n g and D r i n k i n g P l a c e s , 1963. B L S B u l l e t i n 1400 (40 c e n t s ) .
E l e c t r i c and G a s U t i l i t i e s , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1374 (50 c e n t s ) .
H o s p i t a l s , 1963. B L S B u l l e t i n 1409 (50 c e n t s ) .
H o t e l s and M o t e l s , 1963. B L S B u l l e t i n 1406 (40 c e n t s ) .
L a u n d r i e s and C l e a n i n g S e r v i c e s , 1963. B L S B u l l e t i n 1401 (50 c e n t s ) .
L i f e I n s u r a n c e , 1961. B L S B u l l e t i n 1324 (30 c e n t s ) .

78.

II. Other Industry Wage Studies
F a c t o r y W o r k e r s ’ E a rn in g s — D is trib u tio n by S t r a ig h t - T im e H o u r ly E a rn in g s ,
1958. B L S B u l l e t i n 1252 (40 c e n t s ) .
F a c t o r y W o r k e r s ’ E a r n i n g s — S e l e c t e d M a n u f a c t u r i n g I n d u s t r i e s , 1959.
B L S B u l l e t i n 1275 (35 c e n t s ) .
R eta il T rad e:
E m p l o y e e E a r n i n g s in R e t a i l T r a d e , June 1962 ( O v e r a l l S u m m a r y o f the
In d u stry ).
B L S B u l l e t i n 1380 (45 c e n t s ) .
E m p l o y e e E a r n i n g s at R e t a i l B u i l d i n g M a t e r i a l s , H a r d w a r e , and F a r m
E q u i p m e n t D e a l e r s , June 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1380-1 (25 c e n t s ) .
E m p l o y e e E a r n i n g s in R e t a i l G e n e r a l M e r c h a n d i s e S t o r e s , June 1962.
B L S B u l l e t i n 1380-2 (45 c e n t s ) .
E m p l o y e e E a r n i n g s in R e t a i l F o o d S t o r e s , June 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 138 0-3
(40 c e n t s ) .
E m p l o y e e E a r n i n g s at R e t a i l A u t o m o t i v e D e a l e r s and in G a s o l i n e S e r v i c e
S t a t io n s , June 19620 B L S B u l l e t i n 138 0-4 (40 c e n t s ) .
E m p l o y e e E a r n i n g s in R e t a i l A p p a r e l and A c c e s s o r y S t o r e s , June 1962.
B L S B u l l e t i n 138 0-5 (45 c e n t s ) .
E m p l o y e e E a r n i n g s in R e t a i l F u r n i t u r e , H o m e F u r n i s h i n g s , and H o u s e h o l d
A p p l i a n c e S t o r e s , June 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1380-6 (40 c e n t s ) .
E m p l o y e e E a r n i n g s in M i s c e l l a n e o u s R e t a i l S t o r e s , June 1962.
B L S B u l l e t i n 1380-7 (40 c e n t s ) .
E m p l o y e e E a r n i n g s in N o n m e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s o f the South and N o r t h C e n t r a l
R e g i o n s , 1962. B L S B u l l e t i n 1416 (40 c e n t s ) .

*

Studies of the effects of the $1 minimum wage.




U.S. GOVERNMENT P RINTING OFFICE : 1965 0 - 7 9 1 - 1 3 5




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102