View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

iDsyton & Montgomery Cq ,
i
Public Library
PECIT

m

UMENT COLLECTION




Industry
W age Survey

Paperboard
Containers and
Boxes, March
1970
Bulletin 1 7 1 9

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

1971




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $1.25
Stock Num ber 2901-0703




Preface
T h is b u lle tin s u m m a r iz e s the r e s u lts o f a s u r v e y of
w a g e s and su p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits in the p a p e r b o a r d c o n ­
ta in e r s and b o x e s in d u s tr ie s con d u cted by the B u rea u o f
L a b o r S ta tis tic s in M a r c h 1970. Data a re r e p o r te d s e p a ­
r a te ly f o r e a ch o f the fiv e in d u s tr ie s : F o ld in g p a p e r b o a r d
b o x e s ; setup p a p e r b o a r d b o x e s ; c o r r u g a te d and s o lid fib e r
b o x e s ; sa n ita ry fo o d c o n ta in e r s ; and fib e r c a n s , tu b e s ,
d r u m s , and s im ila r p r o d u c t s . A s im ila r s u rv e y w as c o n ­
d u cted in N o v e m b e r 1964.
S e p a ra te r e le a s e s f o r the fo llo w in g a r e a s w e r e is s u e d
e a r lie r :
F o ld in g P a p e r b o a r d B o x e s
B a lt im o r e , M d.
B o sto n , M a s s .
C h ic a g o , 111.
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B ea ch and A n ah eim —
Santa Ana— a rd en G r o v e , C a lif.
G
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J.
N
Setup P a p e r b o a r d B o x e s
C h ic a g o , 111.
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J.
N
C o r r u g a te d and S o lid F ib e r B o x e s
B a lt im o r e , M d.
C h ic a g o , 111.
D e t r o it , M ich .
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch and A n ah eim —
Santa Ana— a rd en G r o v e , C a lif.
G
M ilw a u k e e , W is .
N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity , N .J.
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .
P a te r s o n —C lifton — a s s a ic ; N .J.
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a — .J.
N
St. L o u is , M o —
111.
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif.
O
C o p ie s o f th e s e r e le a s e s a r e a v a ila b le f r o m the B u rea u o f
L a b o r S t a t is t ic s , W ash in gton , D .C ., 20212, o r fr o m any o f
its r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
T he study w as co n d u cted in the B u re a u ’ s O ffice o f
W a g e s and In d u stria l R e la tio n s . T he a n a ly sis in th is b u l­
le tin w as p r e p a r e d by C h a r le s M . O ’ C on n or in the D iv is io n
o f O ccu p a tio n a l W age S tr u c tu r e s . F ie ld w o rk fo r the s u r v e y
w as d ir e c t e d b y the B u r e a u ’ s A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r s
f o r O p e r a tio n s .
O ther r e p o r t s a v a ila b le fr o m the B u r e a u 's p r o g r a m o f
in d u stry w a g e s tu d ie s , as w e ll as the a d d r e s s e s o f the B u ­
r e a u ’ s r e g io n a l o f f i c e s , a r e lis te d at the end o f th is b u lle tin .




iii




Contents
Page
S u m m a r y --------------------------- ------ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------C h a r a c t e r is t ic s o f the in d u s tr ie s ________________________________________________________
P r o d u c t s _________________ - ______________________________________________________________
P r o d u c tio n p r o c e s s e s __________________________________________________________________
E m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E sta b lish m e n t s i z e ____________________________________________________________________
L o c a t io n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n io n iz a tio n ____________________________________________________________________________

1
2
2
2
3
3
4
4

E a rn in g s d is t r ib u t io n --------------------

6

P a rt I. F o ld in g p a p e r b o a r d b o x e s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ______________________________________________________________
O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s _____________________
M eth od o f w a ge p a y m e n t___________________________________________________________
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ____________________________________________________________
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r o v is io n s and p r a c t i c e s ----------------------------------------------------------P a id h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P a id v a c a t io n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and r e tir e m e n t p la n s ________________________________________
O th er s e le c t e d b e n e fit s __________________________
T a b le s :
2. A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s by s e le c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s _________________
3. E a rn in g s d is t r ib u t io n ______________________________________________________
O ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s :
4. A l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts _________________________________________________________
5. B y s iz e o f e sta b lish m e n t__________________________________________________
O ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :
6. B a lt im o r e , M d--------------------------------------------------------------------7. B o sto n , M a s s ______________________________________________________________
8. C h ic a g o , 111_________________________________________________________________
9. L o s A n g e le s —L on g B ea ch and Anaheim r-Santa A n a G a rd en G r o v e , C a l if _____________________________________________________
10. N ew Y o r k , N .Y _____________________________________________________________
11. P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J --------------------------------------------------------------------------------N
E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :
12. M eth od o f w a ge p a y m e n t----------------------------------------------------------------------------13. S ch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ___________________________________________________
14. Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r o v is io n s ___________________
15. Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r a c t i c e s ________________________________________________
16. P a id h o lid a y s _______________________________________________________________
17. P a id v a c a t io n s _____________________________________________________________
18. H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and r e t ir e m e n t p la n s _______________________________
19. O ther s e le c t e d b e n e fits ____________________________________________________

7
7
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9

28
28
29
30
31
32
35
36

P a rt II. Setup p a p e r b o a r d b o x e s ________________________________________________________
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ______________________________________________________________
O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s _________ ________________________________________________________
E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s _____________________
M eth od o f w a g e p a y m e n t___________________________________________________________
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ____________________________________________________________
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r o v is io n s and p r a c t i c e s _______________________________________
P a id h o lid a y s ________________________________________________________________________

37
37
37
38
38
38
38
38

T a b le 1.

P a p e r b o a r d c o n ta in e r s and b o x e s :




¥

10
11
12
18
20
21
22
24
25
26

Contents— Continued
Page
P a r t II. Setup p a p e r b o a r d b o x e s— C ontinued
E s ta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s — C ontinued
P a id v a c a t io n s ______________________________________________________________________
H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and r e t ir e m e n t p la n s ________________________________________
O ther s e le c t e d b e n e fit s _____________________________________________________________
T a b le s :
20. A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s b y s e le c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s _________________
21. E a rn in g s d is t r ib u t io n ______________________________________________________
O ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s :
22. A l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------23. B y s iz e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t----------------------------------------------------------------------------O ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :
24. C h ic a g o , 111---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25. N ew Y o r k , N .Y _____________________________________________________________
26. P h ila d e lp h ia , P a — .J --------------------------------------------------------------------------------N
E sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :
27. M eth od o f w a ge p a y m e n t----------------------------------------------------------------------------28. S ch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ___________________________________________________
29. Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r o v is io n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------30. Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r a c t i c e s _______________________________________________
31. P a id h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------32. P a id v a c a t io n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------33. H ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and r e t ir e m e n t p la n s _______________________________
34. O th er s e le c t e d b e n e fits ____________________________________________________
P a r t III. C o r r u g a te d and s o lid fib e r b o x e s --------------------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ______________________________________________________________
O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s _________________________________________________________________
E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s ____________________
M eth od o f w a g e p a y m e n t---------------------------------------------------S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r o v is io n s and p r a c t i c e s _______________________________________
P a id h o lid a y s ________________________________________________________________________
P a id v a c a t io n s __________________________________________________
H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and r e tir e m e n t p la n s ------------------------------------------------------------O ther s e le c t e d b e n e fit s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T a b le s :
35. A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s b y s e le c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s _________________
36. E a rn in g s d is t r ib u t io n ______________________________________________________
O ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s :
37. A ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------38. B y s iz e o f e s ta b lish m e n t----------------------------------------------------------------------------39. B y m e th o d o f w a ge p a y m en t----------------------------------------------------------------------O ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :
4 0 . B a lt im o r e , Md______________________________________________________________
4 1 . C h ic a g o , 111_________________________________________________________________
4 2 . D e t r o it , M ic h ______________________________________________________________
43. L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch and A n a h eim -S a n ta A n a G a rd en G r o v e , C a l if _____________________________________________________
4 4 . M ilw a u k e e , W is ____________________________________________________________
45. N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ----------------------------------------------------------------------4 6 . N ew Y o r k , N .Y _____________________________________________________________
47. P a te r s o n —C lifton —P a s s a i c , N .J ------------------------------------------------------------------4 8 . P h ila d e lp h ia , P a — .J --------------------------------------------------------------------------------N




vl

38
38
39
40
41
42
45
46
47
48
49
49
50
51
52
53
55
56
57
57
57
58
58
58
58
58
58
59
59
60
61
62
67
69
71
72
75
77
79
81
83
85
87

Contents----Continued
Page
P a r t III. C o r r u g a te d and s o lid fib e r b o x e s — C ontinued
T a b le s— C ontinued
O ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s— C ontinued
49. St. L o u is , M o.—
II]----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50. San F r a n c i s c o —O akland, C a lif------------------------------------------------------------------E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :
51. M eth od o f w a ge p a y m e n t----------------------------------------------------------------------------52. S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------53. Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r o v is io n s --------------------------------------------------------------------54. Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r a c t i c e s ---------------------------------------------------------------------55. P a id h o lid a y s _______________________________________________________________
56. P a id v a c a t io n s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------57. H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and r e t ir e m e n t p la n s _______________________________
58. O ther s e le c t e d b e n e fits _____________________________________________________
P a r t IV . S a n ita ry fo o d c o n t a in e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s ------------------------------M eth od o f w a ge p a y m e n t____________________________________________________________
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r o v is io n s and p r a c t i c e s -------------------------- --------------------------------P a id h o lid a y s ____________________________________________________________
P a id v a c a t io n s ________________________________________________________________
H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and r e tir e m e n t p la n s _________________________________________
O ther s e le c t e d b e n e fits ______________________________________________________________
T a b le s :
59. A v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s b y s e le c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s _________________
60. E a rn in g s d is t r ib u t io n ______________________________________________________
61. O ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s — a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts _________________________
E sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :
62. M eth od o f w a g e p a y m e n t___________________________________________________
63. S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ______ _____________________________________________
64. Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r o v is io n s _____________________________________________
65. Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r a c t i c e s _________
66. P a id h o lid a y s ______________________________________________________________
67. P a id v a c a t io n s ____________________________________________________________
68. H ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and r e tir e m e n t p la n s ________________________________
69. O th er s e le c t e d b e n e fits _________________________________ __________________

89
91
93
93
94
95
96
97
99
100
101
101
101
102
102

102
102
102
102
102
104
105
106
108
108
109
110
111
112
114
115

P a r t V . F ib e r c a n s , tu b e s , d r u m s , and s im ila r p r o d u c t s ___________________________ 116
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s _______________________________________________________________
116
O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s _______________________________________________
E s ta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s _____________________
117
M eth od o f w a g e p a y m e n t____________________________________________________________ 117
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s _____________________________________________________________ 117
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r o v is io n s and p r a c t i c e s ________________________________________ 117
P a id h o lid a y s _________________________________________________________________________ 117
P a id v a c a t io n s _______________________________________________________________________
117
H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and r e tir e m e n t p la n s _________________________________________ 117
Othe r s e le cte d b en efit s_____________________________________________________________ 118




vii

Contents-----Continued
Page
P a r t V . F ib e r c a n s , tu b e s , d r u m s , and s im ila r p ro d u cts — C ontinued
T a b le s :
70. A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s b y s e le c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s _________________
71. E a rn in g s d is t r ib u t io n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------72. O ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s _____________________________________________________
E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :
73. M eth od o f w a g e p a y m e n t__________________________________________________
74. S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ___________________________________________________
75. Shift d iffe r e n t ia l p r o v is io n s _______________________________________________
76. Shift d iffe r e n tia l p r a c t i c e s ________________________________________________
77. P a id h o lid a y s _______________________________________________________________
78. P a id v a c a t io n s ______________________________________________________________
79. H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and r e tir e m e n t p la n s ----------------------------------------------80. O ther s e le c t e d b e n e fits ____________________________________________________
A p p e n d ix e s :
A . S co p e and m e th o d o f s u r v e y _______________________________________________________
B . O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t io n s _______________________________




vm

119
120
121
122
122
123
123
124
125
127
127

129
133

Industry Wage Survey—

Paperboard Containers and Boxes, March 1970
th re e r e g io n s stu d ied s e p a r a te ly fo r the
fib e r c a n s , tu b e s , d ru m s , and s im ila r
p ro d u cts in d u stry , lo w e s t a v e r a g e s w e r e
t y p ic a lly r e c o r d e d in the Southeast; the
M id d le A tla n tic and G rea t L ak es r e g io n s
had the h ig h est a v e r a g e s in about an equal
n u m ber o f the c o m p a r is o n s .
P r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by the
s u r v e y t y p ic a lly w e re e m p lo y e d in e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g 8 o r 9 p aid h o lid a y s
annually and fr o m 1 to 4 w eek s o f v a c a ­
tion p a y , depending upon the e m p lo y e e ’ s
length o f s e r v i c e . A la r g e m a jo r it y o f the
w o r k e r s w e re c o v e r e d by v a r io u s health
and in su ra n ce plans fo r w hich e m p lo y ­
e r s g e n e r a lly paid the to ta l c o s t . R e t i r e ­
m en t p e n s io n p la n s a ls o w e r e w id e s p r e a d
am on g the in d u s tr ie s .

Summary
S tra ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f p r o ­
d u ction and r e la te d w o r k e r s in the p a p e r b o a rd co n ta in e r and b o x m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s a v e r a g e d $ 2 .8 1 an h o u r in
M a rch 1970. F o r t y - s e v e n p e r c e n t o f the
1 4 9 ,3 3 3 w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by the s u r v e y
w e re in e sta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily m a n u ­
fa ctu rin g c o r r u g a t e d and s o lid fib e r b o x e s
and a v e r a g e d $ 2 .9 5 an h o u r .1 A v e r a g e s
r e c o r d e d in the o th e r fo u r in d u s tr ie s s u r ­
v e y e d w e r e : $ 2 .8 2 in plan ts m ak in g f o l d ­
ing b o x e s ; $2.7 8 in plan ts m ak in g sa n ita ry
fo o d c o n ta in e r s ; $ 2 .7 3 in plan ts m ak in g
fib e r c a n s , tu b e s, d r u m s , and s im ila r
p r o d u ct s ; and $ 2 .2 4 in th o s e m a n u fa c tu r ­
ing setup b o x e s .
Within ea ch in d u stry ,
ea rn in g s le v e ls v a r ie d by lo c a tio n , c o m ­
m u n ity and e sta b lish m e n t $ize, la b o r m a n a g em en t c o n t r a c t sta tu s, s e x , and
o ccu p a tio n .
E a rn in g s o f a ll but 5 p e r c e n t o f the p r o ­
d u ction and r e la te d w o r k e r s w e r e w ithin a
ran g e o f $1.60 to $4 an h ou r. W o rk e rs in
the m id d le h a lf o f the a r r a y e a rn e d b e ­
tw een $ 2 .3 4 and $ 3 .2 2 . O n e-ten th o f a ll
w o r k e r s and slig h tly m o r e than on e -fo u rth
o f the w o m e n , who w e r e c o m m o n ly e m ­
p lo y e d in the lo w e r s k ille d jo b s , e a rn e d
le s s than $2 an h o u r.
A n u m b er o f o c c u p a tio n s , s e le c t e d to
r e p r e s e n t the v a r io u s sk ill le v e ls and
o p e r a tio n s found in the in d u s t r ie s , w e r e
stu d ied se p a r a te ly . P rin tin g p r e s s o p e r a ­
t o r s a n d s k ille d m a in ten a n ce w o r k e r s
w e r e a m on g the h ig h e st paid ; c a t c h e r s ,
b u n d le r s -p a c k e r s , and j a n i t o r s w e r e
am on g the lo w e s t p a id .
In 4 o f the 5
in d u s tr ie s , o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w e r e
u su a lly h ig h e st in the P a c if ic r e g io n and
lo w e st in the Southeast o r S ou th w est.3
W here c o m p a r is o n s w e r e p o s s ib le in the




1 See appendix A for scope and method of survey.
The
straight-time average hourly earnings in this bulletin differ
in concept from the gross average hourly earnings published
in the Bureau's monthly hours and earnings series ($3. 11 in
March 1970). Unlike the latter, estimates presented here
exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts. Average earnings were cal­
culated by summing individual hourly earnings and dividing
by the number of individuals; in the monthly series, the sum
of the man-hour totals reported by establishments in the
industry was divided into the reported payroll totals.
The estimate of the number of production workers within
scope of the study is intended only as a general guide to
the size and composition of the labor force included in the
survey. It differs from the number published in the monthly
series (181,400 in March 1970) by exclusion of establish­
ments employing fewer than 2 0 workers and because the ad­
vance planning necessary to make the survey requires the
use of lists of establishments assembled considerably in ad­
vance of data collection. Thus, establishments new to the
industries are omitted, as are establishments originally clas­
sified in the paperboard containers and boxes industries but
found to be in other industries at the time of the survey.
Also omitted are establishments manufacturing paperboard
containers and boxes, but classified incorrectly in other
industries at the time the lists were compiled.
2 See appendix B for job descriptions.
^ For definitions of regions, see appendix A.

1

Both c o r r u g a te d and s o lid fib e r b o x e s
u su a lly a r e sh ipp ed fla t and r e q u ir e a s ­
s e m b lin g by the c u s t o m e r .
P r o d u c ts o f
the s a n i t a r y fo o d c o n ta in e rs in d u stry
(P t. IV) a r e m a d e fr o m s p e c i a l fo o d
b o a r d s w h ich g e n e r a lly a r e d e r iv e d fr o m
v ir g in pulp, ra th e r than fr o m r e c la im e d
fib e r s .
M any sa n ita ry fo o d c o n ta in e r s
a r e c o a te d to m a k e th em im p e r v io u s to
liq u id s .
T h e s e c o n ta in e rs m a y tak e the
fo r m o f fo ld in g b o x e s , setup b o x e s , ca n s,
or dru m s.
E x a m p le s o f p ro d u cts m a n u ­
fa c tu r e d by th is in d u stry a r e p a p e r cu ps
and d is h e s , d rin k in g s tr a w s , fr o z e n fo o d
c o n ta in e r s , m ilk c o n ta in e r s , and p a p er
p a ils and u te n s ils .
The p ro d u cts o f the
fib e r c a n s , tu b e s, d ru m s , and s im ila r
p ro d u cts in d u stry (P t. V) a r e quite v a r ie d
and in clu d e ite m s su ch as fib e r b o b b in s ,
ca n d e la b ra tu b e s , c a n s , c o n e s , liq u id tight
c o n ta in e r s (e x c e p t s a n i t a r y fo o d c o n ­
ta in e r s ), d r u m s , m a ilin g c a s e s and tu b e s,
s p o o ls , and w a s te b a s k e ts .
S om e e sta b lis h m e n ts in ea ch in d u stry
m a n u fa ctu re d m o r e than one ty p e o f p r o d ­
u ct w ithin s c o p e o f the! s u rv e y . C o m b in ­
ing the m a n u fa ctu re o f fo ld in g and setup
b o x e s , h o w e v e r , w as m o s t co m m o n . The
fo llo w in g ta b u la tion in d ic a te s the p e r c e n t
o f p r o d u ctio n and re la te d w o r k e r s in e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts m a n u fa ctu rin g m o r e than
on e ty p e o f p r o d u ct:

Characteristics o f the industries
P r o d u c t s . E sta b lish m e n ts p r i m a r i l y
en g a g ed in m a n u fa ctu rin g p a p e r b o a r d co n ­
ta in e r s and b o x e s r e p r e s e n t fiv e d is tin c t
in d u s tr ie s w h ich a r e r e p o r t e d on s e p a ­
r a te ly in th is f i v e - p a r t b u lle tin . P r o d u c ts
o f the fo ld in g p a p e r b o a r d b o x e s in d u s ­
t r y (P t. I) a r e m a d e f r o m lig h tw eigh t p a ­
p e r b o a r d that h as b e e n cu t, s c o r e d , and
c r e a s e d to fa c ilit a t e fo ld in g by the c u s ­
to m e r to fo r m b o x e s w hen n eed ed . Such
b o x e s , u su a lly sh ip p ed fla t, in clu d e th o s e
u se d by d e p a rtm e n t s t o r e s f o r p a ck a g in g
su its and d r e s s e s . The setu p p a p e r b o a r d
b o x in d u str y (P t. II) m a n u fa ctu re s b o x e s
that a r e a ls o m a d e o f s in g le -p ly p a p e r b o a r d . H o w e v e r , th e y u su a lly a r e sh ipp ed
to the c u s t o m e r in t h r e e -d im e n s io n a l
fo r m and r e q u ir e little o r no a d d ition a l
fa b r ic a t io n .
Setup b o x e s , u su a lly m a d e
o f h e a v ie r s to c k than fo ld in g b o x e s , a r e
u se d w hen g r e a t e r r ig id it y is r e q u ir e d , as
in sh oe and hat b o x e s .
The co rru ga ted
and s o lid fib e r b o x e s in d u stry (P t. Ill)
p r o d u c e s b o x e s m a d e fr o m p a p e r b o a r d
s to ck c o n s is tin g o f tw o o r m o r e p lie s o f
p a p e r ; the la r g e m a jo r it y a r e m a d e f r o m
p a p e r b o a r d s to c k in clu d in g one p ly o f c o r ­
ru g a ted p a p e r . S o m e , h o w e v e r , a r e m a d e
fr o m u n c o r r u g a te d p a p e r (s o lid f i b e r ) .

Industry
Folding paperboard boxes-------------------------- ------------

59

Setup paperboard boxes----------------------------- ------------

60

Corrugated and solid fiber boxes---------------- ------------

89

Sanitary food containers---------------------------- ------------

75

Fiber cans, tubes, drums,
and similar products------------------------------- ------------

80

Products other
than containers
or boxes
14

7
(folding boxes 4)

23
8

20

13

such e sta b lis h m e n ts w e r e tw o -th ir d s in
sa n ita ry fo o d c o n ta in e r s ; t h r e e -fift h s in
c o r r u g a te d and s o lid fib e r b o x e s ; a p p r o x ­
im a te ly o n e -h a lf in fib e r c a n s , tu b e s, and
d ru m s ; s lig h tly m o r e than tw o -fifth s in
fo ld in g p a p e r b o a r d b o x e s ; and l e s s than
o n e -te n th in s e t u p p a p e r b o a r d b o x e s .

The s u r v e y , as in d ic a te d p r e v io u s ly ,
w as lim it e d to e sta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily
m a n u fa ctu rin g p a p e r b o a r d c o n ta in e r s and
b o x e s . It e x c lu d e d co n ta in e r and b o x d e ­
p a rtm e n ts o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ose p r i ­
m a r y p r o d u ct w as o u tsid e the s c o p e o f
the su r v e y .
M any o f the e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e ow n ed
by co m p a n ie s that a ls o o p e r a te d plan ts
p ro d u cin g p a p e r o r p a p e r b o a r d f o r sa le to
oth ers.
The p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s in




Other types
of containers
or boxes
27
(setup boxes 17)
17
(folding boxes 15)
3
(folding boxes 2 )
5
(fiber cans and tubes 3)

Primary
product only

P r o d u c tio n p r o c e s s e s . P rin tin g , f o r m ­
in g , and fin is h in g a r e am on g the m a jo r
p r o d u ctio n p r o c e s s e s in the in d u s tr ie s .

2

r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r i n t i n g o p e r a tio n s .
S om e p lan ts, e s p e c ia lly th o se m a n u fa c­
tu rin g setup b o x e s and fib e r ca n s , tu b e s,
and d ru m s , p u r c h a s e d p r e p r in te d p a p e r.
The fo llo w in g t a b u l a t i o n in d ic a te s the
p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
p e r fo r m in g th e ir own p rin tin g :

D ependin g on the type o f p r o d u ct and c u s ­
to m e r r e q u ir e m e n t s , p rin tin g o p e r a tio n s
v a r y c o n s id e r a b ly .
At the tim e o f the
s u r v e y , fo r e x a m p le , s o m e fo ld in g b o x
plants had p r e s s e s ca p a b le o f p rin tin g
m o r e than fiv e c o lo r s *
C o r r u g a te d b o x
p la n ts, on the o t h e r hand, p e r fo r m e d

Industry-

All printing
done in
establishment

Some printing
done in
establishment

No printing
done in
establishment

80
22
93
89

19
36
5

42

6

5

37

32

31

Folding paperboard boxes--------------------------------------Setup paperboard boxes-----------------------------------------Corrugated and solid fiber boxes----------------------------Sanitary food containers---------------------------------------Fiber cans, tubes, drums,
and similar products-------------------------------------------

2

sa n ita ry fo o d c o n ta in e r s .
In the setup
p a p e r b o a r d b o x i n d u s t r y , em p loy m en t
d e c lin e d 11 p e r c e n t d u rin g th is p e r io d .
E m p loy m en t g r e w m o s t ra p id ly in the
Southw est (51 p e r c e n t) and Southeast (41
p e r c e n t), fo llo w e d by the M id d le W est (29
p e r c e n t), B o r d e r States (25 p e r c e n t), and
P a c ific r e g io n (22 p e r c e n t). In the G rea t
L a k es re g io n and N ew E n glan d , e m p lo y ­
m en t in c r e a s e d l e s s than 10 p e r c e n t; in
the M id d le A tla n tic S ta tes, it d ro p p e d 2
p e r c e n t , r e fle c tin g su bstan tial d e c lin e s in
the setup b o x and sa n ita ry fo o d co n ta in e r
in d u s tr ie s in that r e g io n .
The c o r r u g a te d and s o lid fib e r b o x in ­
d u s try e m p lo y e d 47 p e r c e n t o f the p r o ­
d u ction and re la te d w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by
the M a rch 1970 study.
P r o p o r tio n s in
the oth er in d u s trie s w e r e : 21 p e r c e n t in
fo ld in g p a p e rb o a rd b o x e s , 13 p e r c e n t in
sa n ita ry fo o d c o n ta in e r s , 10 p e r c e n t in
setup p a p e rb o a rd b o x e s , and 8 p e r c e n t
in fib e r ca n s , tu b e s, and d ru m s . T h e se
e m p lo y m e n t r e la tio n s h ip s w e r e about the
sa m e as in 1964, and m e n con tin u ed to
m ak e up a p p ro x im a te ly tw o -th ir d s o f the
w o rk f o r c e o r m o r e in a ll in d u s tr ie s ,
e x ce p t setup p a p e r b o a r d b o x e s .
In that
in d u stry , t h r e e -fift h s o f the w o r k e r s w e re
w om en .

F o rm in g o p e r a tio n s a ls o v a r ie d am on g
the in d u s t r ie s .
F o ld in g b o x e s (in clu d in g
sa n ita ry fo ld in g b oxes) u su a lly a r e fo r m e d
by c y lin d e r o r p la ten d ie p r e s s e s w h ich
stam p out the shape and c r e a s e it a lon g
the lin e s to be fo ld e d . Som ew hat s im ila r
o p e r a tio n s w e r e u se d f o r c o r r u g a te d and
s o lid fib e r b o x e s . A d d itio n a l fo r m in g o p ­
e ra tio n s in the sa n ita r y fo o d c o n ta in e r s
in d u stry in clu d e d cup fo r m in g and s p ir a l
tube w in din g. S p ira l and stra ig h t w inding
w e re a m on g the m o r e im p o rta n t fo r m in g
o p e ra tio n s in plan ts m a n u fa ctu rin g fib e r
c a n s , tu b e s, and d r u m s .
F in ish in g o p e r a tio n s in f o l d i n g b o x
plants a r e lim it e d and s im p le c o m p a r e d
with th o s e found in s o m e o th e r b o x p la n ts.
In plan ts p ro d u cin g c o r r u g a t e d and s o lid
fib e r b o x e s , fo r e x a m p le , fin ish in g o p ­
e ra tio n s in clu d e d sta p lin g o r stitch in g ,
fo ld in g , and g lu in g. In the setup b o x in ­
d u s try , a pp lyin g p r o t e c t iv e o r d e c o r a t iv e
c o v e r in g s w i t h w ra p p in g and strip p in g
m a ch in e s w e r e a m on g the im p o rta n t fin ­
ish in g o p e r a t io n s . F o r fib e r c a n s , tu b e s ,
and d r u m s , fin is h in g o p e r a tio n s in clu d e d
ca p p in g , c r im p in g , and se a m in g .
Employment trends
E sta b lish m e n ts c o v e r e d b y the s u r v e y
e m p lo y e d 1 4 9 ,3 3 3 p r o d u ctio n and re la te d
w o r k e r s in M a r c h 1970— up 14 p e r c e n t
s in ce N o v e m b e r 1964, when the B u reau
co n d u cte d a s im ila r s u r v e y .4 E m p lo y ­
m en t in c r e a s e s a m on g the se p a ra te in ­
d u s tr ie s am ou n ted to 32 p e r c e n t f o r the
fib e r c a n s , tu b e s, and d ru m s in d u stry ,
c o m p a r e d w ith 24 p e r c e n t fo r c o r r u g a te d
and s o lid fib e r b o x e s , 10 p e r c e n t fo r f o l d ­
ing p a p e r b o a r d b o x e s , and 4 p e r c e n t fo r




1

Establishment size
In M a rch 1970, e s ta b lish m e n ts that had
100 w o r k e r s o r m o r e a cco u n te d fo r n e a r ly
se v e n -e ig h th s o f the w o r k e r s in the sa n i­
ta r y fo o d co n ta in e r in d u stry , fo u r -fift h s
4 See Industry Wage Survey:
Paperboard Containers and
Boxes, November 1964 (BLS Bulletin 1478, 1966).

3

the setup p a p e r b o a r d b o x in d u stry .
The
fo llo w in g ta b u la tion in d ic a te s , by in d u s ­
t r y , the n u m b er o f e sta b lish m e n ts in the
th r e e em p lo y m e n t s iz e g rou p s c o v e r e d by
the s u r v e y :

in the c o r r u g a t e d and s o lid fib e r b o x in ­
d u s tr y , slig h tly m o r e than s e v e n -te n th s
in the fo ld in g p a p e r b o a r d b o x in d u stry ,
tw o -th ir d s in the fib e r c a n s , tu b e s, and
d ru m s in d u stry , and about t w o -fift h s in

All
establishments

Industry

100-499
workers

500 workers
or more

118

219
248
391
62

128
40
399
43

7
3
13

146

Folding paperboard boxes-------------------------- -----------Setup paperboard boxes----------------------------- -----------Corrugated and solid fiber boxes---------------- -----------Sanitary food containers---------------------------- -----------Fiber cans, tubes, drums,
and similar products------------------------------- ------------

102

43

1

354

288
793

the s u rv e y .
The p r o p o r tio n s a cco u n te d
fo r by the o th er r e g io n s ra n g ed fr o m
o n e -s e v e n th in the Southeast to le s s than
o n e -te n th in ea ch o f the re m a in in g r e g io n s . The fo llo w in g p e r c e n t d is trib u tio n
o f p r o d u ctio n w o r k e r s by r e g io n in d ica te s
s o m e su b stan tial d iffe r e n c e s am on g the
in d u s tr ie s :

L o c a tio n .
B o x plan ts w ithin s c o p e o f
s u r v e y ten d to be lo c a t e d n e a r im p o rta n t
c u s t o m e r s and, in m a n y in s ta n c e s , a r e
con tig u o u s to the p r o p e r t y o f the p r im e
u s e r o f the p r o d u ct. In M a r c h 1970, the
M id d le A tla n tic a n d G rea t L a k es r e g ion s e a ch a cco u n te d fo r a p p r o x im a te ly
o n e -fo u r t h o f the w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y
Folding
boxes

Region
United States 1 --------- -------------New England---------------- -------------Middle A tlantic ----------- ---------------Border States---------------- ---------------Southeast-------------------- -------------Southwest----------------------------------Great Lakes----------------- ---------------Middle West---------------- -------------Pacific ----------------------- ----------------

100
10

2 0 -9 9
workers

Corrugated
and solid
fiber boxes

Setup
boxes

100

100

Sanitary
food
containers

100

Fiber cans, tubes,
drums, and
similar products

100

7

18
40
4

22
6

7

22
2

11
1

13

12

32

6

6

2

32

24

24

6

15
4

6

6

8

29
8

12
4
24

6

6

6

22

12
10

8

4

Includes data for the Mountain region not shown separately.

M e tro p o lita n a r e a s 5 a c c o u n t e d fo r
slig h tly m o r e than tw o -th ir d s o f the w o r k ­
e r s in the sa n ita ry fo o d co n ta in e r s and
the fib e r c a n s , tu b e s , and d ru m s in d u s­
t r i e s and f o r fo u r -fift h s o f the w o r k e r s
o r m o r e in e a ch o f the o th e r in d u s tr ie s .

e m p lo y e d s l i g h t l y m o r e than o n e -h a lf
o f the w o r k e r s in the setup p a p e r b o a r d
b o x e s , t h r e e -fift h s o f the w o r k e r s in the
fib e r c a n s , tu b e s , and d ru m s in d u s tr ie s ,
and at le a s t s e v e n -te n th s o f the w o r k e r s
in the o th e r th re e in d u s tr ie s . A s in d i­
ca te d in the f o l l o w i n g ta b u la tion , the
p e r c e n t o f p r o d u ctio n w o r k e r s in union
e s ta b lish m e n ts v a r ie d su b sta n tia lly by e s ­
ta b lish m e n t s iz e in 3 o f the 5 in d u s tr ie s :

U n ion iza tio n . E sta b lish m e n ts that had
c o l le c t i v e b a rg a in in g a g r e e m e n ts c o v e r ­
ing a m a jo r it y o f th e ir p r o d u ctio n w o rk e rs

Folding paperboard boxes-----------------------------------------------Setup paperboard boxes--------------------------------------------------Corrugated and solid fiber boxes--------------------------------------Sanitary food containers-------------------------------------------------Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products------------------

7 5 -7 9
5 0 -5 4
8 5 -8 9
7 0 -7 4
6 0 -6 4

6 5 -6 9
3 5 -3 9
6 0 -6 4
7 0 -7 4
6 0 -6 4

The In tern a tion a l B ro th e r h o o d o f P u lp,
Sulphite, and P a p e r M ill W o rk e r s (A F L —
CIO) w as the m a jo r u nion in the to ta l




workers
or more

100

00
1

2 0 -9 9
workers

00

A ll
establishments

o

Industry

7 5 -7 9
9 0 -9 4
7 0 -7 4
6 0 -6 4

5 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas,
as defined
by the U. S. Office of Management and Budget through
January 1968.

4

with establishm ents accounting fo r s ig n ifi­
cant p ro p o rtion s o f produ ction and re la ted
w o rk e rs in th ese in d u stries. A num ber o f
other unions, had som e re p res en ta tio n in
one o r m o re o f the in du stries studied.

in du stry group.
H o w e ve r, the In tern a­
tion al P rin tin g P re s s m e n and A s s is ta n ts '
Union o f N orth A m e r ic a and the United
P a p erm a k ers and P a p e rw o rk e rs , b o t h
A F Lr-C IO a ffilia te s , also had con tracts




5

Table 1. Paperboard containers and boxes: Earnings distribution
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , 1 U n ite d S ta t e s an d r e g i o n s ,
'

U nited S ta tes 2

A v e rag e hourly ea rnings 1

New
England

M a r c h 1 9 70 )

M iddle
A tlantic

B order
S tates

S o u th east

S outhw est

G reat
Lakes

M iddle
W est

Pacific

T otal

M en

W om en

(3 )
1.0
.8
1.2

(3 )
0. 4
.3

(3 )
3 .0
2 .7
3.4

2 .7
2. 0
2 .7

(3 )
0.6
.8
1.1

0.1
1.4
1.5
1.4

2. 9
1.3
2 .8

1.1
.4
2.5

(3 )
0 .2
.3
.4

0.1
.9
.3

0.4
(3 )

1.1
1.4
1.4
1.5
1.5

.5
.7
.7
.9
.7

3.1
3.7
3. 6
3. 3
4.0

2.6
2. 9
3.5
2 .7
3. 0

1.1
1.0
1.5
1.5
1.0

2 .2
2. 9
2.7
3.3
1.8

1.1
2 .9
2 .2
2. 6
2. 3

2.9
2.4
1.6
1.3
2 .4

.5
.8
.5
.6
1.2

.3
.1
.5
1.0
1.4

.1
.1
(3 )
.2

$ 2 .2 0 a n d u n d e r $ 2 . 3 0 --------------------------------------------$ 2 . 3 0 a n d u n d e r $ 2 . 4 0 ------- ----------------------- $ 2 . 4 0 a n d u n d e r $ 2 . 5 0 __ ______ ___ ____ ___
__

3 .7
4.2
5.0
5. 4
5. 8

2. 4
2.8
3.3
4. 1
4. 9

7.9
8.9
10.4
9.7
8.6

6. 0
5. 9
5.5
6.7
7.6

3. 5
4 .5
3.6
5.5
6. 2

3 .0
3. 5
3 .8
5 .6
9.0

7. 2
7.3
7 .8
8.6
6 .3

3.5
3 .8
5 .7
6 .9
5 .4

2. 4
3.5
4 .6
4.0
3.9

3.5
1.9
10.0
4.4
5.9

1.0
.4
1.3
2.8
4 .3

$
$
$
$
$

2.50
2.60
2.70
2.80
2.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2 . 6 0 _____________ ___ - _____ _
2 . 7 0 _____________ . . . ------------2 . 8 0 ___
_ __
_ ------ ------2 . 9 0 _____________________________
3 . 0 0 ------- ------------ — _— - —

6. 8
6.5
6.1
6.3
5. 0

6. 5
6.8
6.5
7.4
6.0

7. 8
5. 5
4.7
2.8
1.4

6 .9
6. 5
4.5
4 .4
3.6

7.1
6.4
6.5
6.4
5.4

10 .0
8. 0
7.0
6 .5
4 .2

6.0
5. 9
5.0
4.7
3.7

10.8
7.9
6.5
6.3
4 .2

6.6
6 .4
7 .6
8.4
6 .6

8.0
10. 7
6.6
7.0
5.3

1.9
.8
1 .8
2.6
2.1

$
$
$
$
$

3.00
3.10
3.20
3.30
3.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

3 . 1 0 --------------------- ----------------------3 . 2 0 ----------------------- ------------------3 . 3 0 ---------- - ------3.40 — _
3 . 5 0 — ---------—
- -

4.8
4.7
4 .5
4.0
3. 0

5 .8
5 .8
5 .4
5. 0
3.8

1.4
1.1
1.4
.6
.4

3.7
2. 7
2 .4
2.3
2. 0

5.5
4 .3
4.5
4.4
2.6

3. 5
2 .7
4.6
1.9
2.1

2.7
2. 9
2 .7
2.5
1.8

4.4
5.0
3.7
2.3
1.5

6 .2
5.5
5.1
4 .6
3. 8

3.9
4.0
3.9
3.0
2. 7

4 .3
10.5
9 .0
9.6
7.3

$
$
$
$
$

3.50
3.60
3.70
3.80
3.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

3 . 6 0 - — . . . -------- ------3 . 7 0 _____
- ______ ___ _
_ _
3 . 8 0 — -------- - — ----------------3 . 9 0 -----------------------—---------4 . 0 0 ------- - — ------- ---------------

2 .7
2.0
1.9
1.4
1.2

3 .4
2.5
2 .4
1.9
1.5

.3
.2
.1
.1
.1

1.6
1.1
1.1
.9
.8

2. 4
2 .0
2.1
1.5
1.3

1.8
1.2
.7
.4
1.1

1.5
1.0
.7
.7
.4

1.5
1.6
1.2
1.1
.4

3.2
2.3
2.3
1.9
1.6

2 .8
2.6
2.1
1.7
.7

7.0
4 .2
3.6
2.5
2.0

$ 4.00
$ 4.10
$ 4.20
$4.30
$ 4.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 . 1 0 ---------— ----- ----$ 4 . 2 0 ------- -----------------$ 4 . 3 0 ------- — — ---------------$ 4 . 4 0 -----_
- — --------- -------$ 4 . 5 0 ------- -----_ — - —- — -

1.2
.7
.7
.5
.4

1.6
.9
.9
.7
.5

(3 )
(3 )
(3 )
(3 )
(3 )

.4
.2
.3
.1
.1

1.4
.7
.8
.6
.7

.6
.4
.2'
.1
.1

.4
.4
.2
.4
.1

.4
.6
.5
.1
(3 )

1.0
.8
.8
.7
.4

.8
.6
.5
.4
.4

5.9
2.4
2.7
1.3
1.1

$ 4 . 5 0 a n d o v e r -----------------------------------------------------------

1.7

2. 2

(3 )

.9

1.6

.9

1.0

.1

1.4

2. 0

6.9
10 0. 0

U n d e r $ 1.60_ .
_________________________
$ 1.6 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .6 5 ------- ------ -- --------------------$ 1.70 a n d u n d e r $ 1.75_

_________________________

$ 1.75 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .8 0 ______________________________
$ 1.8 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 . 8 5 _____________________________

T o t a l --------------------

------------

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s ____ _________

_- -

---------

1 00. 0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

100.0

1 0 0 .0

1 00 .0

10 0 .0

____ - — __

149,333

114,562

3 4 ,771

12,427

3 8 , 118

9, 013

21,349

7, 074

39,961

9, 729

10,773

$2.62

$2.52

$2.93

$2.83

$3.43

----

A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1--------------------------------------

1
2
3

$2.81

$2.97

$2.28

$2.52

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r t h e M o u n t a i n r e g io n in a d d itio n to t h o s e show n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t h a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d i n g ,




s u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y n o t e q u a l 100.

$2.84

$2.63

Part I. Folding Paperboard Boxes
having c o lle c tiv e b argain ing agreem en ts
in the th ree region s p erm ittin g such
c o m p a ris o n s .
B ecau se o f the in te rre la tio n s h ip o f un­
io n iza tio n , lo ca tio n , s iz e o f com m unity,
and s iz e o f estab lish m en t, the exact in ­
flu en ce on earnings o f any o f these c h a r­
a c te r is tic s could not be d eterm in ed in a
study such as this.
E stablish m en ts o p ­
eratin g u n d e r la b o r-m a n a gem en t con­
tr a c ts , fo r exa m p le, a c c o u n t e d fo r
s lig h tly m o r e than fo u r-fifth s o f the
w o rk e rs in establish m en ts em ployin g 100
w o rk e rs o r m o r e , com pared with ap ­
p ro x im a te ly tw o -th ird s o f the w o rk e rs in
s m a lle r estab lish m en ts.
M en , s lig h tly m o re than th re e -fo u rth s
o f the produ ction w o rk e rs, a v e ra g e d $2.97
an hour; wom en a v e ra g e d $2. 31. M en 's
a v e ra g e s exceed ed those o f w om en 's by
44 p erc e n t in the P a c ific re g io n , 33 p e r ­
cent in the B o rd e r S tates, and betw een
21 and 29 p e rc e n t in the rem ain in g r e ­
gions.
T h e s e d iffe re n c e s la r g e ly r e fle c t
the p redom in an ce o f m en in h igh ly paid
jobs such as prin tin g p res s o p e ra to rs ,
cutting and crea sin g p re s s o p e ra to rs ,
m achine a d ju s te rs , d iem a k ers , and v a r i ­
ous plant m aintenance jo b s ; w h erea s hand
fo ld e rs and g lu e rs , b u n d le rs -p a c k e rs ,
and catch ers, the r e la t iv e ly lo w paid jobs
studied s e p a ra te ly , w e re fille d m o s tly by
wom en. 7
E arnings o f a ll but 8 p e rc e n t o f the
w o rk e rs w e r e w ithin a range o f $ 1. 60
and $4 an hour.
(S ee table 3 .)
Em­
p loy ees in the m id d le h a lf o f the a r r a y

Average hourly earnings
E a r n i n g s o f production and re la ted
w o rk e rs in establish m en ts p r i m a r i l y
m anufacturing fold in g pap erb oard boxes
a v e ra g e d $ 2 .8 2 an hour in M a rch 1970.
(S ee table 2 .) In the M id d le A tlan tic and
G re a t L ak es re g io n s , w h ere s l i g h t l y
m o r e than o n e -h a lf o f t h e s e 32,040
w o rk e rs w e r e em ployed , earnings a v ­
era ged $ 2 .9 2 and $ 2 .8 9 , re s p e c tiv e ly .
E l s e w h e r e , a v e ra g e s r a n g e d fro m
$ 2. 24 in the Southwest to $ 3. 54 in the
P a c ific .
T h e le v e l o f earnings fo r production
w o rk e rs in M a rc h 1970 ($ 2 .8 2 an hour)
was 31 p erc e n t above the a v e ra g e r e ­
cord ed in N o v e m b e r 1964 ($2.16).6 E a rn ­
ings advanced at a p p ro x im a te ly this sam e
ra te in 5 o f the 8 regio n s studied s ep a ­
ra te ly .
In the G re a t L a k e s , N ew E n g­
land, and Southeast, in crea se s during
this p erio d amounted to 26, 34, and 36
p erc e n t, re s p e c tiv e ly .
P ro d u ction w o r k e r s in m etro p o lita n
a r e a s , n e a rly nine-tenth^s o f the indus­
t r y 's w o rk fo r c e , a v e ra g e d $2.85 an hour
in M a rch 1970, 31 cents m o re than those
in s m a l l e r com m u n ities.
Data w e r e
tabulated s e p a ra te ly fo r s ix a rea s o f in ­
dustry con cen tration , which to geth er a c ­
counted fo r o n e-th ird o f the production
w o rk e rs in the industry.
A v e ra g e s in
th ese a rea s ranged fro m $ 3. 62 an hour
in L os A n g e le s —
Lon g B each and A n a ­
heim —
Santa Ana— arden G ro v e to $ 2. 48
G
in B a ltim o re .
(S ee tables 6 through 11.)
W o rk ers in establish m en ts having 100
em ployees o r m o re a v e ra g e d $ 2 .8 5 an
hour, com pared with $ 2 .7 1 fo r those in
s m a lle r estab lish m en ts. In the th ree r e ­
gions p ro vid in g com p a riso n s, the c o r ­
responding a v e ra g e s w e re $2.95 and $2.85
in the M id d le A tla n tic , $ 2 .9 5 and $2.76
in the G re a t L a k e s , and $2. 56 and $2.28
in the Southeast. E arnings a lso a v e ra g e d
m o re in unionized plants than in those not




^ BLS B u lletin 1478, op. c it.
7 D ifferen ces in average pay le v e ls for m en and w om en
m ay result from several factors, in clu d in g variation in the
distribution of the sexes am ong establishm ents and am ong
jobs w ith disparate pay le v e ls . D ifferen ces noted in aver­
ages for m en and w om en in the sam e job and area m ay
re fle c t m inor d ifferen ces in duties. Job descriptions used
in classifyin g workers in w a g e surveys are usually m ore
gen eralized than those used in in d ivid u al establishm ents
b ecau se a llo w a n ce m ust be m ade for p ossible m inor d if­
feren ces am ong establishm ents in sp e c ific duties perform ed.

7

earned fro m $ 2 . 3 3 to $ 3. 21 an hour.
Tw o-ten th s o f the wom en, but fe w e r than
one-ten th o f the m en earned le s s than
$ 2 an hour.
T h e p ro p o rtion s o f the w o rk
fo r c e earning le s s than $ 2 an hour w e re
49 p erc e n t in the Southwest, 37 p erc e n t
in the B o rd e r S tates, 20 p e rc e n t in the
Southeast, and 5 p e rc e n t o r le s s in the
oth er fiv e regio n s studied s ep a ra te ly .

E arn in gs o f individual w o rk e rs usu­
a lly v a r ie d w id e ly within the sam e job
and lo c a lity .
(S ee tables 6—11.) In som e
in stan ces, h ou rly earnings o f the h igh est
paid w o rk e rs exceed ed those o f the lo w ­
est paid in the sam e job and a re a by
$ 1 o r m o re .
A ls o , occupational w age
relation sh ip s d iffe r e d am ong a re a s .
For
exa m p le, d iem a k ers in B a ltim o re a v e r ­
aged 77 p erc e n t m o re than ja n ito rs in
that a rea , w h erea s the spread betw een
the two jobs in P h ila d elp h ia was about
o n e -h a lf as la r g e — 38 p ercen t.

Occupational earnings
T h e o c c u p a t i o n a l c la s s ific a tio n s in
table 4, s e le c te d to re p re s e n t the v a r i ­
ous a c tiv itie s p e rfo rm e d by production
w o r k e r s , c o v e re d th r e e -fifth s o f the in ­
d u s try ^ w o rk fo r c e in M a rc h 1970. A v ­
e ra g e s fo r th ese jobs ranged fro m $ 4 .7 6
an hour fo r p re s s m e n on o ffs e t p rin tin g
p re s s e s with th re e c o lo rs o r m o re to
$2. 37 fo r catch ers w orkin g on the d is ­
ch arge end o f m a ch in es, as w e ll as fo r
hand fo ld e rs and g lu e rs .
S trip p ers (who
re m o v e excess m a te ria l fro m stacks or
p ile s o f board sheets that have been run
on the cutting and c rea sin g p r e s s e s ) w e re
the m o st numerous group studied s ep a ­
r a te ly and a v e ra g e d $2. 51 an hour. F o r
s trip p e rs using a ir h am m ers to p e r fo r m
this w o rk , the a v e ra g e was $ 2 .7 3 ; fo r
those doing it by hand, $2. 24. A v e ra g e s
fo r oth er n u m e ric a lly im p ortan t occu pa­
tions w e re $ 3 . 6 3 fo r p rin tin g p res s m en
on tw o -c o lo r c y lin d e r p r e s s e s , $ 3 .4 5 fo r
c y lin d e r o r ro ta ry cutting and crea sin g
p re s s m e n , $3. 11 fo r o p e ra to rs o f fold in g
and gluing m a c h i n e s , and $ 2 .3 9 fo r
bundlers and p a c k e rs .
A vera ges v a r ­
ied w id e ly by re g io n and w e re g e n e r ­
a lly h igh er in estab lish m en ts em ployin g
100 w o rk e rs o r m o re than in s m a lle r
estab lish m en ts.
(S ee table 5 .)
W h ere com parison s w e re p o s s ib le fo r
a ll eight r e g io n s , occupational a v e ra g e s
w e re h igh est in the P a c ific and usually
lo w e s t in the Southwest. M ost a v e ra g e s
in the h igh est paying re g io n ranged fro m
40 to 60 p e rc e n t above those in the lo w e s t
paying re g io n .
T h e relation sh ip was not
con sisten t, h o w e v e r, betw een these d if­
fe re n c e s and earnings le v e ls o f the job s.
T o illu s tr a te , the in te rre g io n a l spread
in earn in gs fo r prin tin g p res s m en (both
o ffs e t and cylin d e r) was a p p ro x im a te ly
60 p e rc e n t— v ir tu a lly the sam e as fo r
s trip p e rs and ja n ito rs ; the spread fo r
m aintenance m ech a n ics, as w e ll as fo r
c a tc h e rs , was about 40 p erc e n t.




Establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions
Data a lso w e re obtained on m ethod o f
w age paym ent, w o rk sch edu les, and s e ­
le c te d su pplem entary b e n e fits , including
paid h o lid a y s , v a c a tio n s , r e t i r e m e n t
p lan s, lif e in su ran ce, h o sp ita liza tio n and
s u rg ic a l b en efits.
M ethod o f w age p aym en t. T im e ra te s ,
usually paid under fo r m a l system s p r o ­
vidin g fo r e ith er s in g le ra tes o r ranges
o f ra tes fo r s p e c ific occu pations, ap plied
to m o re than nine-tenths o f the w o rk e rs
in e a c h re g io n .
(S ee table 12.)
R ate
ranges ap plied to a m a jo r ity o f the w o rk ­
ers in the N ew England, Southeast, G re a t
L a k e s , and M id d le W est re g io n s , and to
n e a rly o n e -h a lf o f the w o r k e r s in the
Southwest.
S in gle ra tes ap plied to ap ­
p ro x im a te ly th r e e -fifth s o f the w o rk e rs
in the M id d le A tla n tic , B o rd e r S tates,
and P a c ific .
Scheduled w e e k ly h o u rs. W ork sch ed ­
ules o f 40 hours a w eek w e re in e ffe c t
in establish m en ts e m p l o y i n g s lig h tly
m o re than fo u r-fifth s o f the production
w o rk e rs and a p p ro x im a te ly th re e -fo u rth s
o f the o ffic e w o r k e r s .
(S ee table 13.)
Substantial p ro p o rtion s o f the production
w o rk e rs in the N ew England, B o rd e r
S tates, Southwest, and G re a t Lak es r e ­
gions w e r e scheduled to w o rk m o re than
40 hours a week; in con trast, o n e -fifth
o f the w o rk e rs in the M id d le A tla n tic
States w e re r e g u la r ly scheduled fo r 37V2
hours. O n e-fifth o f the in d u s try ’s o ffic e w o rk e rs a ls o w e r e scheduled fo r 2>lllz
hours at the tim e o f the su rvey .
Shift d iffe r e n tia l p ro v is io n s and p r a c ­
t ic e s .
A t le a s t nine-tenths o f the p r o ­
duction w o rk e rs w e re in establish m en ts

8

having fo r m a l p ro v is io n s fo r la te sh ifts.
(S ee table 14.) Only th ree-ten th s o f the
w o rk e rs , h o w e v e r, w e r e actu ally e m ­
p loyed on la te shifts in M a rc h 1970. (See
table 15.) V irtu a lly a ll la te -s h ift w o rk ­
ers re c e iv e d extra pay above d a y -s h ift
ra te s , m o st com m only 8 or 10 cents an
hour fo r second shifts and 15 cents an
hour fo r th ird sh ifts.

included a ccid en tal death and d is m e m ­
b erm en t in su ran ce, sickn ess and a c c i­
dent in su ran ce, and m a jo r m e d ic a l in ­
surance.
E m p lo y e rs financed at le a s t
p a rt o f the cost o f these health and in ­
surance plans, and, in m o st in stan ces,
they paid the total cost. Sick le a v e plans,
m o s tly those p ro vid in g fu ll pay with no
w aitin g p e rio d , applied to n e a rly tw ofifth s o f the o ffic e w o r k e r s ; such plans
w e re r a r e ly r e p o r t e d fo r production
w o rk e rs .
T h e in cid en ce o f som e health
and insu rance b en efit plans v a r ie d w id e ly
by regio n .
F o r exa m p le, the p ro p o rtion s
o f production w o rk e rs c o v e re d by m a jo r
m e d ic a l insu rance ranged fro m s lig h tly
le s s than o n e-h a lf in the M id d le A tla n tic
re g io n to s lig h tly m o re than nine-tenths
in the P a c ific .
R e tire m e n t p e n s i o n plans p ro vid in g
re g u la r paym ents fo r the re m a in d er o f
the r e t ir e e 's life (o th e r than b e n e f i t s
a v a ila b le under F e d e ra l s o c ia l s ec u rity)
w e re re p o rte d by establish m en ts e m p lo y ­
ing fo u r-fifth s o f the p r o d u c t i o n and
o ffic e w o r k e r s .
U su ally financed by the
e m p lo y e r, pension plans applied to oneh alf o f the production w o rk e rs in the
Southeast, n e a rly tw o -th ird s in the South­
w e s t, about th re e -fo u rth s in the B o rd e r
States and G re a t L a k e s , and to m o re than
nine-tenths in the N ew England, M id d le
A tla n tic , M id d le W est, and P a c ific r e ­
gion s.
R e g i o n a l v a ria tio n fo r o ffic e w o rk e rs was not as g re a t. R e tire m e n t
s e v e ra n c e pay o r lum p-sum s at r e t i r e ­
m ent was p r a c tic a lly nonexistent in the
industry.

P a id h o lid a y s .
N e a r ly a ll e sta b lish ­
m ents p ro vid ed paid h o lid a y s , usually
8 or 9 annually, to th e ir production and
o ffic e w o r k e r s .
(S ee t a b l e 16.)
P ro ­
duction w o rk e rs in the N e w England,
M id d le A tla n tic , and G re a t L ak es r e ­
gions ty p ic a lly r e c e iv e d at le a s t 9 paid
h olidays a y e a r; in the other re g io n s ,
fe w e r than 9 days w e re usually granted.
F o r o ffic e w o r k e r s , h o l i d a y p ro vis io n s
g e n e r a l l y w e re s im ila r to those fo r
produ ction w o rk e rs in m o st r e g i o n s .
P a id va ca tio n s. P a id v a c a tio n s , a fte r
q u a l i f y i n g p erio d s o f s e r v ic e , w e re
p ro vid ed in establish m en ts e m p l o y i n g
v ir tu a lly a ll o f the production and o ffic e w o rk e rs .
(S ee table 17.)
T y p ic a l p r o ­
v isio n s applying to produ ction w o rk e rs
w e re :
1 w eek o f v a c a t i o n pay a fte r
1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , 2 weeks a fte r 3 y e a r s ,
3 weeks a fte r 10 yea rs, and 4 weeks a fte r
20 y e a r s .
S ligh tly m o re than on e-fou rth
o f the w o rk e rs w e re in establish m en ts
granting 5 weeks o f vacatio n pay a fte r
25 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l vacation
p ro vis io n s fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s fo llo w e d a
s im ila r p attern , excep t that a m a jo r ity
o f the o ffic e w o r k e r s w e re in e sta b lish ­
ments that had p ro v is io n s fo r 2 weeks o f
vacatio n pay a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e .

O ther s e le c te d b e n e fits . P a id le a v e
fo r attending fu n erals o f the e m p lo y e e 's
im m ed ia te fa m ily was a v a ila b le to n e a rly
seven -eigh th s of the production w o rk e rs
and fo u r-fifth s o f the o ffic e w o rk e rs . (S ee
table 19.) P a id le a v e fo r ju ry duty was
a v a ila b le to about seven -ten th s o f the
w o rk e rs in both grou ps.
T h e in cid ence
o f both o f these plans v a r ie d w id e ly by
region .

H ealth , i n s u r a n c e , and re tire m e n t
p la n s.
L i f e , h o sp ita liza tio n , s u rg ic a l,
and m e d ic a l insu rance c o v e re d m o re than
n ine-tenths o f the produ ction and o ffic e w o rk e rs .
(S ee table 18.)
O ther plans
that app lied to a m a jo r ity in both groups




9

Table 2. Folding paperboard boxes: Average hourly earnings by selected characteristics
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

1 of

p ro d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y s e l e c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ,

U ni t ed
States

A v e r a g e Number A v e r a g e Num ber
of
hourly
of
hourly
earnings wo rker s earni ngs w or ker s

N um ber
of
workers

It em

Middle
Atlantic

I'Jew
E n gland

U ni t e d S t a t e s and r e g i o n s ,
Border
S t a t es

Average
ho urly
earn in gs

M a r c h 1970)

Num be r A v e r a g e
ho urly
of
w or k er s earni ng s

Num ber
of
workers

A v e r a g e Num be r
ho urly
of
earn in gs w or k er s

A v e r a g e Num ber A v e r a g e Num be r
of
of
ho urly
ho urly
ear nings w or ker s earn in gs w o r k er s

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s --------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------------------------

32, 040
24 ,5 9 9
7, 44 1

$2.82
2. 97
2. 3 1

3, 204
2, 473
7 31

$ 2. 7 1

2.86
2.21

9, 401
7, 418
1, 983

$2. 92
3.06
2 . 37

2, 5 1 7
1, 7 75
742

$2.51
2.71
2. 03

3, 985
3, 313
672

$2. 49
2. 58
2.06

1, 389
881
508

$2. 24
2. 39
1. 98

S i z e of c o m m u n i t y :
M e tr op olita n a r e a s 1
2
--------------------------------N o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s _______________

28, 556
3, 484

2.85
2. 54

2, 975

2 . 72

8, 465

2. 98

2, 5 1 7

2.51

3, 296

2. 53

1, 389

2. 2 4

S i z e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t :
2 — 9 w o r k e r s —_____________________
09
10 w o r k e r s or m o r e -----------------------------0

8, 5 5 1
23, 489

2.71
2.85

2, 515

Labo r-m an agem en t contracts:
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h—
M a j o r i t y o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d ______
N on e or m i n o r i t y of w o r k e r s
c o v e r e d ----------------------------------------------

25,066

2.89

6, 97 4

2. 55

1
2

-

-

-

-

-

Dashes




in dicate

no d a t a

rep orted

or

data

-

-

-

6,

702

1, 795
1, 405
390

$2. 95
3.08
2. 48

1, 973
1, 535
438

2. 94

1, 239

2. 93

1, 973

"

-

"

-

2, 327
5,449

2.76
2. 95

1,

181

2. 99

1, 310

3.65

2. 94

1, 786

3. 55

"

-

2, 989

2. 28
2. 56

2, 499

2. 75

8, 453

2. 94

2, 176

2.57

2,

186

2. 65

5, 636

2. 92

1, 601

705

2.57

1, 799

2. 29

2, 140

2 . 79

-

-

that do

no t m e e t

p ub lication

criteria.

-

Areas

-

"

2. 35

2. 52

-

3. 54 .

-

2, 393

1, 005

$ 3. 54
3.80
2. 64

"

2. 85
2. 95

-

996

-

P a c if ic

A v e r a g e Number A v e r ag e
hourly
of
ho urly
earni ng s w or k er s ear nings

$2. 89
3.03
2. 47

6, 647

-

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f or w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
T h e t e r m " m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a , " as u s e d in t hi s st ud y, r e f e r s to St and ar d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l

NOTE:

-

7, 7 76
5, 799
1, 9 77

2. 78

-

2, 75 4

"

----------m a n ---------West

Great
Lakes

S o ut h w e s t

S o u th e a s t

a s d ef i n e d b y the U . S . O f f i c e of M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968.

-

Table 3. Folding paperboard boxes: Earnings distribution
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ,

A v e r a g e ho urly ea rnings

U ni t ed S t a t e s

1
T otal

$ 1. 60 and u nd e r $ 1 . 6 5 ---------- _ _
—_ . —
$ 1. 65 and u n d e r $ 1 . 7 0 _______________________
_ ______
$ 1 , 70 and u n d e r $ 1 . 7 5 ------- .

0.7

$
$
$
$
$

1.3
1. 7

1.75
1.80
1. 85
1. 90
1. 95

1 .80—. _____ _
______ __
1 . 8 5 ---------- —. — — ---------1. 90_
_ . . . .
. . . . .
__________
_
_
1.95— —
...
2. 00-------------------- . ____

.2
1.1

and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
u nd e r
u n d er
u n d er
u nd er

$
$
$
$
$

$ 2.0 and
0
$ 2.10 and
$ 2. 20 and
$ 2. 30 and
$ 2. 40 and

u nd e r
under
u nd e r
under
under

$ 2.10
_______________________
$ 2.20
------------------------- --------------$ 2. 3 0— ____ . . . .
. ________
$ 2, 40________ __________ ___
$ 2 . 5 0----------- -----. . .
------

$
$
$
$
$

2. 50
2. 60
2 . 70
2. 80
2. 90

and
and
and
and
and

u nd e r
under
under
u nd e r
under

$
$
$
$
$

2. 60_______________________
2 . 7 0_
_ . . .
______ ____. ..
2. 80------------------------------------------_ .. _
_
_
2. 90__ ____
3. 00---------------------..
___ .

9. 1

$
$
$
$
$

3.00
3.10
3. 20
3. 30
3. 40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
u nd er
u n d er

$
$
$
$
$

$ 3. 50
$ 3. 60
$ 3. 70
$ 3.80
$ 3. 90

and
and
and
and
and

$4. 00
$4,10
$4.20
$ 4. 30
$ 4. 40

and
and
and
and
and

1.6
2
.0

Men

W o m en

0.4

New
England

1.4
.5

.1

(2 )
(2 )
0.3

.7

2.2

.7

3. 1
3.0
4.0
3. 1
3.6

.4
.9
1.4
.7

5 .7
7 .7
9.6
14.9

4. 2

1.2
.9
1.7

1. 7

1.1

3.5
3. 7
4.6
8.3
7.3

2.8

6
.0

S t a t e s and r e g i o n s ,

2.5
3. 1

6.2
6.2

10
.8

7.6
6.3

.8

10
.6
6.5
13. 8
9. 7

6.8

13.9
5.1
4. 5
3.2

5.9
4.7
4. 4
2.5

M a r c h 1970)

Middle
A t l a n ti c

(2 )

1.2
.3

1.2
.6

1.4

1.2
.6

1. 7
.9
.5
.3
.5

1.1
1.2

1.8
2.2

.7

2.5

1.0
.4
.4
.5

.5

(2 )

(2 )

1.9

2.5

u nd e r
u nd e r
under
under
u nd e r

$ 4 . 1 0 -------- ------ .
_______
$4.20— _ _
_ __ — _
$ 4 . 3 0 ____
____
___ ____
$ 4 . 4 0 ____ ___ - ___ - _______
$ 4 . 5 0 ---------------„
----------

B e c a u s e of r o u nd i ng ,




5.6
2. 7

2.2

6.2

1.6

2
.0

2.6

1.9
1.3
1.3

2.4
1.7
1.7

(2 )
(2 )
(2 )

1.0
.9

1.6

2.1

1.4

1.8

.

.7

1.3
1.4

-

1.6
1.1

1.4
.7
.3

1.0
1.1
.9
.9
2.9

10 .0
0
3 2 ,04 0
$ 2. 82

-

$ 2. 97

s u m s of i nd iv i du al i t e m s m a y n ot eq ual 100,

.2

(2 )

2.8

10 .0
0

10 .0
0

3.7

24,599

.2
.2
.1

(2 )

1.2
1.1
10 .0
0

1.5

.1

2.3

1.8
.9

.9

1.0
1.9
2.9

10 .0
0

.4

(2 )

-

.1

2.0
2.2

2. 7

6.0

1.2

1.0
2.1
2.0

2. 7
4. 9

8.1
7.8

7.9
8.7
4.1

4.9
16.5
15.0

.
_

.3
3.4

5.2
.4

.2

11.6
8.1

3.7

5.1
3.4

2.0

4. 2
2.4
1.3
1.4

1.8

8.4

4.3

13.3
6.9
4.0
3.5

2.2

3.2

5.3
3.5
1.3

4.0

.6

2.6

-

1. 7

.6

_

1.5
1.3

2.0
.7

1.8

2 .7
1.1
2.2
2.5

1.6

6.2

-

1.0
1.0

.3

-

.3

.4

4.5
2.9

.3

2.6

1.0

.1

10 .0
0

10 .0
0

10 .0
0

1.9

10 .0
0

3.3

12.0

10 .0
0

10 .0
0

7,441

3, 204

9,401

2,517

3, 985

1, 389

7, 776

1, 795

1, 97 3

$2.31

$2.71

$ 2. 9 2

$2. 51

$2. 49

$2.24

$ 2. 89

$ 2. 95

$ 3 .5 4

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f or w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
L e s s t han 0.05 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

.3
.

2.6

$ 3. 60— ______— —
— — ____
$ 3 . 7 0 — ____
___________ _ $ 3. 80____ —_____
________
$ 3. 90____
— _ _______ —
$ 4. 00---- -—_ - _ ____ —

...

.5

.1
1.1
1.6

1. 7

under
u n d er
under
under
u nd e r

_ _ -------------_

-

4.9
4.0
3.6
1.9
1.7

2.6

1_

.7

2.1

11.2

1.4

2.3

A v e r a g e ho u rly ea rni ng s

0
.2
.2

2.9

3.8
3. 1
5.7
2. 7

_______

.
_
.
_

4. 5
2. 7
1.3

8
.2
6.0

3. 3

_ —
_

.3
.5

11.0
6.0

3.4

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s _________

.2
.2

3. 1
5.8
4.3
2. 7

3.3

------------------

11.3
5.6
4.6
3.8

6.3
3.3
3.3
3. 7
1.9

2.8

- -----------------

1.6
4.3
2.4
5.3

1.5
7.4
7.2

7.6
3. 1
2.9
5.2
3. 7

.9
.4

------

-

11.4

.8

---------

-

4.1
1.4

3.3

4. 8
4.6
3.9
4.3
3.0

T o t a l ------------------------------

0
.6
.2
.2

0
.2

11.8

.5

7.8
2.3
3.9
5.0
2.9

3.9
3. 7
3. 1

1.7

1.2
2.8

8.7
7.1
4.3
14.2
7.4

3 . 1 0 . . . ---------- . . . ____ . . .
3. 2 0____ _________
—_ . _
3 . 30 — _____
.
. _
3. 40— _
_
__
_
____
3 . 5 0. ---------— - --------------

2.0

Pacific

.5
1. 7

2.2

1.1

.1

Middle
West

5.8

3.5

(2 )

Great
Lakes

4. 4
1.7
3.3

2.9

2.9

Southwest

2.7
2.9
5.9
6. 7
6.3

6
.0

.1

Southeast

1. 4

6.0
6.8

3.3

Border
States

2.1
-

5.7

$ 4 . 5 0 and o v e r ---------------------

1
2

1 United

and l a t e s h i f t s .

Table 4. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational averages—all establishments
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

U ni t e d S t a t e s and r e g i o n s ,

M a r c h 1970)
N ew England

U ni t e d St a te s
Department,

occu pation,

anu s e x

Pr in tin g:
P r in tin g p r e s s m e n , c ylin d er p r e s s
_____ _ ( 1 , 2 1 6 m e n , 3 w o m e n ) _____
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s (288 m e n ,
3 w o m e n ) __________________
.
-----T w o - c o l o r p r e s s (all m e n ) ---- ----------------T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e (all m e n ) -----Pr intin g p r e s s m e n , of fset p r e s s 3
(702 m e n , 1 w o m a n ) . . ------------ -----------------T w o - c o l o r p r e s s (all m e n ) ------------------T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s or m o r e (all m e n ) -----Pr intin g p r e s s m e n , platen p r e s s
(56 m e n , 10 w o m e n ) _____________________
P r in tin g p r e s s m e n , r o t o g r a v u r e p r e s s 3
(all m e n ) -----------------------------------------------------------T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e _____ _____
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
c y l i n d e r p r e s s _____ _____
M e n ---------- -------- --------------------------------------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s ---------------------------------M e n _________________ ______________
T w o - c o l o r p r e s s (416 m e n , 29 w o m e n ) . . .
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s or m o r e ( 1 4 1 m e n ,
3 w o m e n ) -------------- ---------- ------------------------P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,3
o f f s e t p r e s s ( 81 7 m e n , 14 w o m e n ) ----------T w o - c o l o r p r e s s (259 m e n , 14 w o m e n )_ _
_
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s or m o r e (all m e n ) ___
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
p l a t e n p r e s s (24 m e n , 26 w o m e n ) --------------P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
r o t o g r a v u r e p r e s s 3 (al l m e n ) ---------------------T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ----------------------R o l l s u p p l y m e n (all m e n ) ------------------------------C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s o p e r a t o r s 3
( 1 , 8 6 8 m e n , 23 w o m e n ) --------- --------------------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y (1, 128 m e n ,
10 w o m e n ) ---------------------------------------------- .
P l a t e n (546 m e n , 13 w o m e n ) ---------------------C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s f e e d e r s 3
_____
M e n ----------- ------------- ------- ---------------------- -W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------C y l i n d e r or r o t a r y --------------------------------------M e n ________________________________
W o m e n ---- _ ---------- ----------- ------------P l a t e n ( 1 1 8 m e n , 34 w o m e n ) --------------------S t r i p p e r s 3---------- --------------------------------- --------M e n __________ __
_ ______________ _
W o m e n -------- --------------- ----------------------A i r h a m m e r (1, 198 m e n , 16 w o m e n ) ------H a n d -------------------- ---------------------------------------M e n -------------------- ------------------------------ . . .
W o m e n _____
. . . _ ____ _______ .
_

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of t a b le .




Hourly earnings

1

N um ber
of
worker s

Middle A tla n ti c

H ou rly earni ng s

1

N um be r
of
workers

Hourly earni ng s

1

Number
of
workers

Mean

1,219

$3.61

$3. 49

$ 3 . 1 3 —$4. 03

101

$3.45

$ 3 .4 9

$ 3 . 2 0 3.68
—$

443

$3.92

$ 3 .9 5

$ 3 . 4 1 —$4 .'4 2

291
753
17 5

3.30
3.63
4.06

3.25
3.46
3. 95

2 . 8 3 - 3 . 61
3 . 1 5 - 4. 03
3 . 5 5 - 4. 45

16
69
16

3. 23
3.40
3.88

3.40
3. 45
3.90

2 . 9 0 - 3. 49
3 . 1 5 - 3.68
3 . 5 8 - 4.03

95
262

3. 46
4. 02
4.11

3. 30
4. 03
3. 99

3 . 0 0 - 4.03
3 . 4 6 - 4. 42
3 . 7 5 - 4 . 61

703
254
417

4. 48
4. 05
4.76

4. 36
3.95
4.72

3 . 8 4 - 5.00
3 . 5 2 - 4.40
4 . 2 1 - 5 .2 5

79
27
50

4.60
4. 30
4.79

4. 44
2. 25
4.55

4 . 0 0 - 5.20
3. 5 0 - 4.81
4 . 0 1 - 5.40

142
60
76

4. 48
3. 94
4. 84

4. 40
3. 95
4. 65

3 . 9 7 - 5.05
3 . 4 0 - 4. 35
4 . 3 1 - 5.14

2

Median

2

Mid dle range

2

Mean

2

Me dian

2

Mi ddle range

2

8
6

Mean

2

Me dian

2

Middle ran ge

6
6

3.05

2. 91

2.54-

3 . 47

-

-

-

-

33

3. 38

3.37

2.70- 4.17

121

4.00
4. 07

3 . 7 9 - 4. 40
3 . 8 3 - 4. 40

-

-

-

-

113

3.99
4. 05

45
41

3 . 91
3. 98

3. 95
3. 95

3 . 4 5 - 4. 40
3 . 8 7 - 4. 40

723
638
134
81
445

2. 75
2.85
2. 42
2.71
2.77

2. 73
2.82
2. 34
2. 73
2. 70

2.302.481.902.382.32-

3. 25
3. 35
2 . 79
3.15
3. 35

267
262
34
32
17 2

3.10
3.11
2.98
3.00
3. 15

3.15
3. 24
2. 77
2.80
3. 35

2.792. 802.532. 48 2. 88-

3. 35
3. 35
3. 35
3. 35
3. 35

144

3. 01

2. 94

2.70-

61

3.02

3.03

2.83-

3.11

42

2. 50
2.59
2.36
2. 49

2.60
2.60
2. 55

3. 11

11

2. 63

8
8

3 . 21
2.89
3. 39

3.05
2.85
3. 22

2 . 7 2 - 3. 63
2 . 5 1 - 3.10
2 . 8 7 - 3.83

50

2.71

2.8
6

2.27-

3.05

125

3.14
3. 1 6
2 . 67

3.20
3.20
2 . 75

2. 902.912.52-

3. 5 2
3. 5 2
2. 9 1

131

2.302.432.26-

-

831
273
532

121

-

61
52

8

156
67
74

2.86
3.47

3.10
2. 95
3.40

-

28

2.68

2. 81

2. 30-

2 . 97

-

-

3. 22
3. 2 2

-

-

35
35
36

3. 20
3. 20
2. 62

3.113.112.58-

3.33
3.33
2.83

3.03
3.05
3.10

-

-

-

7
-

2. 64
2. 49

-

10

2.69
• -

2 . 7 2 - 3. 55
2 . 4 3 - 3 . 10
3 . 2 2 - 3.86

3.48
3. 24
3.60

24
62

2.71
2. 72

2 . 8 7 - 4. 08
2 . 6 3 - 3.96
2. 8? - 4.09

3.17

2.68

1,891

3.45

3. 44

3 . 0 4 - 3.86

162 .

3.20

3. 26

3.05-

3.40

524

3. 59

3.51

3.29-

3.99

1, 138
559
960
753
207
730
5 67
163
152
2, 707
2, 5 51
156
1,214
1, 10
1
970
131

3. 45
3.33
2. 61
2. 70
2. 28
2. 58

3.43
3.33

3.032.952. 2 2
2.402.052.192.352.012.462. 112. 14—
1.942.481.941.941.87-

101

3.19
3.19
2.46
2.47

3.1 7
3. 30
2.49
2.49

3.033.092.332.33-

3.40
3.39
2. 54
2. 54

334
115
327
258
69
266

3.60
3. 38
2.80
2. 94
2. 28
2 . 81
2.96
2. 24
2 . 75
2.83

3. 50
3. 45
2.84

3.283.202. 402.662.172.4 02.662.172.502.512.582.612. 062.39-

3.93
3. 54
3 . 27
3. 35
2.50
3. 35
3.35
2.29
3. 10
3.36
3. 39

2.68
2.20

2. 62
2.51
2. 53
2.1 7
2. 73
2. 24
2.25

2.12

2.66

2. 75
2. 1 9
2. 61
2. 75
2.1 7
2. 65
2. 53
2. 54

2.21

2 . 72

2.20
2.20
2.20

3.83
3. 65
2.90
2 . 97
2. 50

2.86
2 . 97
2. 33
2.86
2. 81
2. 82
2.27
2. 88
2. 48
2. 52
2. 23

41
48
46
-

37
35
-

8
26 7
261
96

6
8
6
8

-

2. 43
2. 45
2. 50
2. 46
2.47
-

2.68
2.37
2.37

-

2. 49
2.49
-

2.46
2.46
2. 59
2.46
2.46

-

2 . 3 3 - 2.51
2 . 3 3 - 2.51
2. 20 2. 59
2 . 2 5 - 2.60
2 . 4 2 - 2. 87
2 . 3 2 - 2.46
2 . 3 2 - 2.46

211

55
30
636
601
346
170
139

2.88
-

2.96
2. 52
2. 64

2.8
6
2.20
2.84
2. 84
2.17
2. 73
2. 76

2.86

2. 99
2. 52
2.60

3.39
2.63
2.63

2

Table 4. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational averages— all establishments---- Continued
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

U ni t e d S t a t e s and r e g i o n s ,

M a r c h 1970)

United States
Sex,

department,

and O c c u p a t i o n

F i n is h i n g :
F o l d e r s and g l u e r s , h a nd (21 m e n ,
111 w o m e n ) _____________________________
F o l d i n g - and g l u i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,
a u t o m a t i c ( 1 , 3 0 5 m e n , 3 3 1 w o m e n ) ______
Mis cella ne ous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A (305 m e n ,
5 w o m e n ) _______________________________
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s B (all m e n ) ____
B a l e r s (404 m e n , 5 w o m e n ) _______________
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s _________________________
M e n ________________________________
W o m e n _____________________________
C a t c h e r s _________________________________
M e n ________________________________
W o m e n ____________________________
D i e m a k e r s (all m e n ) ______________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e (all m e n ) ______
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(288 m e n , 29 w o m e n ) ____________________
M a in te n a n ce m e n , g e n e r a l utility
(all m e n ) ________________________________
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e (all m e n ) _________
S h i p p i n g c l e r k s , ( 12 4 m e n , 4 w o m e n ) ______
R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s (all m e n ) ________________
S h i p p i n g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
(186 m e n , 1 w o m a n ) _____________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s (all m e n ) __________________
4
O t h e r t h an s e m i - o r t r a i l e r (al l m e n ) ___
S e m i - or t r a i l e r (all m e n ) ______________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) (587 m e n ,
2 w o m e n ) _____________________________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t he r t h a n f o r k l i f t )
(all m e n ) ________________________________

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e .




N um be r
of
workers

New England

H o u r l y ea rni ngs
Me an

2

Media n

2

1

Middle ran ge

2

Num be r
of
workers

Mid dle At lantic

Ho urly earnings
Mean

2

Me dian

2

1

Middle range

2

N um be r
of
workers

132

$ 2. 37

$2.32

$ 2 . 1 1 —$ 2. 56

1, 636

3.11

3.14

2.64— 3 . 5 1

310
90
409
1, 986
796
1, 190
2,126
601
1, 5 25
661
73

3.47
3.00
2. 51
2.39
2.38
2.39
2. 37
2.50
2.32
3.70
3.91

3. 52
3.04
2. 55
2. 45
2.38
2.48
2.38
2. 47
2.37
3.66
3. 81

3.092. 402.302.192.052.192. 20—
2.362.163.253.59-

3. 76
3.37
2. 76
2.60
2. 64
2. 59
2. 58
2. 81
2 . 52
4. 12
4.30

317

2.40

2.33

2.20-

2.63

23

2.23

2.20

288
267
128
71

3.34
3.80
2.93
2.97

3. 33
3. 70
2. 94

29
25
14

3.02
3.46
2. 94
2 . 79

2. 93
3.46

2.92

2 . 9 9 - 3. 62
3 . 5 1 - 4. 21
2 . 5 5 - 3. 34
2 . 7 4 - 3.10

187
362
229
75

3.00
3.08
2.85
3. 57

3.00
2.94
2. 70
3. 75

2 . 7 4 - 3. 20
2 . 5 3 - 3. 65
2 . 4 0 - 3. 22
2.94- 4.11

7
44
27
13

3. 58

-

589

2. 71

2 . 74

2.50-

2 . 87

28

2. 7 5

2 . 79

2.70-

2. 87

126

147

2.50

2.48

2.24-

2. 63

38

2. 38

2. 35

2.40-

2. 52

35

Hourly ear nings
Me an

2

Median

2

1

M i d d l e r a n ge

$ 2. 11—$ 2.8
8

36

122
6
6
-

33
192

6
8

124
175
-

108
65

$2. 67

3. 1 4

$2.53

3.15

-

_

2. 44
2. 34
2.40
2.31
2. 23

2. 42
2 . 41
2 . 41
2 . 41
2.31

-

-

2.17
3. 41

2.16
3. 44

-

12

$2.54

$2.75

4 47

3 . 10

3. 1 9

2.63-

3.50

2. 36
3.68

158
42
106
555
307
248
740
233
507
197

21

3 . 67
3. 22
2. 55
2.51
2. 54
2.48
2 . 47
2.69
2.37
3. 87
3. 87

3.66
3.22
2.58
2.56
2.58
2.54
2. 50
2.64
2.36
4.05
3. 81

3.352.412. 402.352.332.362.242.542.223.423.58-

4 . 31
4. 01
2.80
2.65
2. 79
2.65
2.63
2.85
2. 58
4. 42
4.02

2.15-

2.27

64

2. 45

2 . 47

2.24-

2.64

2.763.21-

3. 23
3. 70

56
85
42
16

3.20
3.71
2. 9 1
3.14

3 . 27
3. 70
2. 72
3.08

3. 043.612.452.96-

3.48
3.77
3. 35
3. 41

51
106

2. 93
3. 44
3.23
3.77

3.00
3. 5 7
3. 1 5
3.84

2 . 8 0 - 3.06
2 . 8 2 - 4.00
2 . 7 4 - 3. 78
3 . 0 6 - 4. 20

2. 65

2. 74

2.42-

2. 75

2.57

2.59

2.41-

2.63

$ 2 . 2 3—$ 3.08

2.86-

3. 28

_

2.332.262.352.262.16-

2.59
2.48
2. 55
2.48
2. 36

_

2.113.15-

2.90
2 . 97

2.66

-

_

-

-

_

_

2. 94
2. 52

2.522.49-

3 . 21
2.93

6
8
30

-

Table 4. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational averages— all establishments---- Continued
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

1 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , U ni t ed S t a t e s and r e g i o n s ,

M a r c h 1970)
Southeast

B o r d e r St at es
Department,

occupation,

and s e x

Pr in tin g:
P r i n t i n g p r e s s m e n , c y l i n d e r p r e s s -----S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s --------------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r e s s ___________ _
__
— T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ____________
P r i n t i n g p r e s s m e n , o f f s e t p r e s s 3----------------T w o - c o l o r p r e s s ________ ______________
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ________ _
_
P r i n t i n g p r e s s m e n , p l a t e n p r e s s __________
P r i n t i n g p r e s s m e n , r o t o g r a v u r e p r e s s 3- ~ .
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ____________
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
c y l i n d e r p r e s s ------------------------------------------M e n _______________
_______________
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s -------------------------- _ .
_
_______ _______
M e n ______________
T w o - c o l o r p r e s s ______ _
____________
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s or m o r e ____________
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
of fset p r e s s 3
-------------------------- ------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r e s s --------------------------- --------- —
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ----------------------P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
p l a t e n p r e s s -------------------- _ --------------- _
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
r o t o g r a v u r e p r e s s 3--------------- -----------------------T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ----------------------R o l l s u p p l y m e n --------------------- ------------------------C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s o p e r a t o r s 3 _ _
_
C y l i n d e r or r o t a r y ------------------------------- -------P l a t e n -------------------------------------------------------C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s f e e d e r s 3
_____
M e n _____ _______ _
_ __
_
__
W o m e n ------------------- -------------------------------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ---------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------- ------------W o m e n ------------------------- . ------ ----------------P l a t e n -------------------------- -------------------------S t r i p p e r s 3 -------------------------- --------------------------M e n ______ _ .
_ _______ . .
--- -----W o m e n -----------------------------------------------A i r h a m m e r ----------------- — ------------- ----- H a n d ---------------------------------------------------------M e n _ ________ ___ -- -------------------------_
W o m en ..
_ __ _ .
_
_____ _____

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of tab le,




N um be r
of
workers

Hourly ear nings
Mean

2

M e di a n

2

1

Middle range

2

N um be r
of
workers

Mean

2

43
17
26
-

$3. 08
2.71
3.16
4. 53
3.80
5.02
-

$3.04
2.77
3.04
4. 25
3. 41
4. 88
-

$ 2 . 9 9—$ 3 . 1 5
2 . 5 3 - 2. 81
3 . 0 4 - 3.20
3 . 6 5 - 5 .64
3 . 4 1 - 3.71
4 . 2 5 - 5 .7 6
-

90
26
51
81
36
42

53
42
40
-

2. 36
2. 44
2 . 47
-

2.30
2.30
2.30
-

2 . 0 0 - 2.30
2 . 3 0 - 2.30
2 . 3 0 - 2.30
-

87
61
40
-

2. 38
2. 07
-

70
17
53

3. 45
2 . 97
3.60

3. 55
2.90
3. 92

2 . 9 0 - 3. 92
2 . 9 0 - 2.93
3 . 0 5 - 4 . 10

130
49
81

2. 65
2. 98

83
15

6
2

-

So u th w e st

Ho urly earnings
Me dian

2

1

Mi ddle ran ge

$ 2 . 6 0 —$ 3 . 4 2
2 . 4 5 - 2. 62
2 . 7 0 - 3. 29
3 . 6 0 - 4. 65
3 . 5 0 - 4. 36
3.6 7 - 4. 76

2

N um be r
of
workers

$ 2. 9 8
2. 63
3. 05
4. 15
4. 02
4. 29
-

$ 2. 9 9
2.60
3.00
4.27
4.27
4. 30

2.21

2.09
2. 38
2.05
-

1. 90— 2. 44
2. 0 - 2. 52
2
1 . 9 5 - 2.16
-

39
34
7

2. 79
2.60
2. 85

2.402.302.47-

3.00
2.90
3.10

2.8
6

“
-

-

-

19
-

12
32
9
17
~
-

Ho urly ear nings
Mean

2

Me dian

$ 2.8
8
3.11
3. 52
3. 32
3. 84

$3. 00
3. 65
3.75

"
-

-

2.12

2

1

Middle range

$ 2 . 2 8 —$ 3 . 3 7
3 . 2 7 - 3. 76
3.65 - 4.10
•
-

-

17
-

2.15
1 . 78
1.77
1. 99
-

1. 95
1. 94
1. 95
- ,

1. 79— 2.45
1 . 7 6 - 2. 58
1 . 8 0 - 1. 95
-

34
9
18

2.49
2. 23
2.77

2. 39
2.60

1.912. 39-

6

2. 70
3.63

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

3.04
3.04
3.04
2.09
2.23
_

110

_

3.17
3 . 21
3.02
2. 3 1
2. 38
1 . 97
2. 33
2 . 41
1 . 97
_

217
215
_

2.1 7
2.18
_

82
117
11 5

2 . 61

89

21
71
60

11

67
56

11

1.88
1.88

2.09
2.46
_
_
1.94
1. 94
_
2. 75
1. 94
1. 94

2 . 9 5 - 3.30
2 . 9 4 - 3.66
3 . 0 4 - 3. 10
1 . 9 5 - 2.80
1 . 9 9 - 2.85
_
1 . 9 9 - 2.85
1 . 9 9 - 2.85
_
1 . 9 4 - 2.68
1 . 9 4 - 2.68
_
2 . 6 1 - 2.80
1 . 8 9 - 1. 94
1 . 8 9 - 1. 94

148
78
70
147
98
49
123
74
49
24
350
335
11 7
206
191

2.11
2 . 97
2.98
2.95
2.17

2.90
2.90
2.84

2. 07
2.13
2.18
2. 07
2.37
2.05
2. 07
-

2.05

2.22

2.19
1 . 97

2.0
0

2.10
2.12

2.10
2.10
2. 05
2.30
2.03
2. 05
-

2.19
1. 95
1. 95

2. 6 8
2.732.54—
2. 0 —
1
2. 0 —
0
2.052. 0 0
1.9 7 2.052. 0 2
1.851.902.031.801 . 85 —

3. 2 1
3 . 21
3. 24
2. 24
2.30
2.15

2.20

2. 30
2.15
2.57
2. 25
2. 25
2.40
2.15

2.20

64
26
31
45
29
16
30
15
15

11

148
142

6

58
90
84

6

2.83
2.96
2. 9 1
2.14

2.21
2 0
.0

2.09
2.18

2.0
0

2.36
2.03
2.03

2.10
2.21
1 . 91
1.90

2.10

3.05
2. 84
3.30
1.93
2. 42
1.90
1. 93
1. 95
1.90
-

1. 85
1. 83
1. 95
1.80
1.80

2.422.252. 6 6
1.90—
1 . 9 1—
1 .78—
1.901.9 31. 78 1 . 72 —
1.721.721. 70 1.67-

3.30
3. 19
3.30
2. 42
2.50

2.10
2. 41
2.42
2.14
2. 42
2. 41
2. 72
2. 27
2.26

2

Table 4. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational averages— all establishments----Continued
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

1 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

U n i t e d S t a t e s and r e g i o n s ,

M a r c h 1970)

B o r d er States
Department,

occu pation,

and s e x

F i n is h i n g :
F o l d e r s and g l u e r s , h a n d ----------------- _ ____
F o l d i n g - and g l u i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,
a u t o m a t i c . _ ___ __ . ____
_
____

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e .




Mean

92

$ 2. 98

$2. 99

28

2. 24
1. 91
.

3.49
.

2.04
1. 94
.
1. 94
1.94
1. 94
3 . 37
_

1.93
2.89
3.57
2.82
2.28
2 . 27
_

1. 81
3.15
3.51
.
.
2 . 27
_
_

2.35

2.20

12
2
91
197
9
188
40
25
16
24
7
19
14
.
47

Southeast

Hourly earnings

1. 91

2.0
2
2.45

2.0
0

2

Media n

2

1

Middle range

$ 2. 86—$ 3 . 1 5

-

-

8
1. 99— 2.8
1 . 9 1 - 1. 95
_
.
1 . 8 5 - 1. 95
1 . 8 9 - 2. 38
_
.
1 . 8 9 - 2.06
3 . 0 9 - 3. 98
_
_
1 . 8 0 - 1.8
8
2 . 4 6 - 3. 42
3 . 1 6 - 4 . 01
.
_
.
.
_
_
2. 12 2 . 27
-

2

Num be r
of
workers

214

2
0
61
360
145
_

Mean

2

$ 2. 99

2.68
-

Media n

$ 3. 05

2.8
8
-

2.20

2.11

2.16

2.19
1.96
.

2.0
0
_

2.20

174
136
38
69
_

2.13
2.18
1. 95
3. 43
_

36
30
14
_
_

2. 23
3 . 07
3.17
.
.

2
0

2.74
2. 65

2. 30
3.19
_
.
2. 70
2. 55

_
_

_
.

_
_

_
_

77
39

1.99-

2.80

.

_

Southwest

H o u r l y e a r n i n g s '1

2.12

2. 32
2.03
3.55
.

2.10

2

N um ber
of
workers

Mean

$ 2 . 5 8 3.30
—$

50

$2.55

2 . 2 0 - 3.08
2 . 0 0 - 2.45
1 . 9 0 - 2. 38
1 . 8 0 - 2.30
.

15
124
35
89
63
23
-

Middle range

1 . 9 1 - 2. 35
1 . 9 1 - 2.40
1 . 7 0 - 2.20
3 . 0 4 - 4 . 01
.
2 . 1 0 - 2. 33
2 . 8 4 - 3. 58
.
_
2 . 3 0 - 2. 85
2 . 1 0 - 3. 44
1 . 9 0 - 2. 38
_
.

2

2
2
6
15
18
14
_
34

Hourly earni ngs

-

2

M e di a n

$ 2 . 35

-

2.10
2.0
2

2 0
.0
1.88

1.89
2.08
1. 98
3. 23
1. 94
2. 82
3. 20
2. 45
2.40
2.40

1.80
1,96
1.96
3. 44
1 . 78
3.40
2.45
2. 42

2

1

Middle range

$ 2. 28 —$2. 99

1.721.751.75—
1 . 75 —
1.78-

2. 55
2. 39
1.90
2.57
2.28
3.57
1 . 73— 1.93
3 . 0 8 - 3.48
2 . 1 6 — 2. 81
2 . 0 8 - 2. 75

1
0
0

M iscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A__ _ -------- . . .
A d ju s ter s , m achine, clas s B_
_
.
B a l e r s ______________ ________ _
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s.__
-----------------_
_
_
M e n ___ _
__
_ __ _ . . . ____
_
_
W omen_
_
. _
__
_
_ _ ____ _
_
Catchers_ _
_
______ _ _____
_
____ .
Men.
.
_ . _
_
__ _
_
Women _
. ..
_
_
_
Diem akers . . .
. . .
_____
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e _ ___
_
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s .
M a i n t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y _ __
_
M echanics, maintenance.. _
___________
S h i p p i n g ' d e r k s _______ ___
...
_ _____
_
R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _____ _ __ . . .
S h i p pi n g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _
_
_ ...
Tru ckd rivers4 _ _
_ _
...
..._
_ ...
O t h e r t ha n s e m i - o r t r a i l e r . _ ___ . . . _
_
S e m i - o r t r a i l e r _ ______ _
_
. . . _____
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) _ ______ _____
_
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( ot he r t h an f o r k l i f t ) _
_ . _

N umber
of
worker s

2

Table 4. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational averages— all establishments---- Continued
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

Uni t ed S t a t e s and r e g i o n s ,

M a r c h 1970)

Gi-e at L a k e s
Department,

occ upa tion,

and se x

Prin tin g:
P r i n t i n g p r e s s m e n , c y l i n d e r p r e s s -------------_ —
-----S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s . ___
_
—
T w o - c o l o r p r e s s __ _ _ _ __
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ---------------------P r intin g p r e s s m e n , offset p r e s s 3
---------T w o - c o l o r p r e s s ___
__
_
_ _ — ------_
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ------------- - —
P r in tin g p r e s s m e n , platen p r e s s _
_
_ __
_
P r in tin g p r e s s m e n , r o t o g r a v u r e p r e s s 3 _
_
_
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s or m o r e ___
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
cylinder p r e s s . _ .
.
------- -----M e n ___________ — . . .
. .. _
-----------------Single-color press
_
_
M e n . . . . ------- _
_.
------- ---Two-color p r e s s _
_
_
_
_ _ _ _ _
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e . ____
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
of fset p r e s s 3
____
____ ___ ___
T w o - c o l o r p r e s s . _ ----------------_
. . .
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ----------------P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
p l a t e n p r e s s ------------------------------- --P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
r o t o g r a v u r e p r e s s 3-------------.
--------- _
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e _ _________
_
R o l l s u p p l y m e n ----------- --------_ _ ----------C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s o p e r a t o r s 3
---C y l i n d e r or r o t a r y ---_
_ -----------------P l a t e n ____ ________ _
_ _
_
. __ _
_
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s f e e d e r s 3
____
M e n ___________ — _________
_ __
W omen _ _ „ _
_
___ _
_ _ ---- -C y l i n d e r or r otar y .
____ ____ _
M e n _ _ ----------------_
_
_
W o m en .. _
_
-------------------P l a t e n ------------------_ _ _ _ _
S t r i p p e r s 3______________________________
M e n _______
. ------------- _
_
----Wo men „
------- -------------A i r h a m m e r ----------------H a n d __________ ____ ___ ___
M e n --------------------- .
---------------Wo men _ _ _ _
_
--------------------

S ee footn otes at end of table,




Num be r
of
workers

Middle W e st

1

Hourly earnings
Mean

2

M e di a n

2

Middle range

366
83
25 1
32
227
89
130
9
31
31

$ 3.40
3.14
3.43
3. 78
4. 38
4 . 01
4. 64
2. 79
4.11
4.11

$3.27
3. 12
3 . 27
3.85
4. 35
3.92
4 . 72
4. 33
4. 33

164
139
36

2. 65
2. 76
2.23

18

2 . 72
3. 07

2.62
2. 74
2. 18
2.62
2. 91

2.422.6 01.9 02.502.87-

238
98
140

3.08
2.90
3. 2 1

3.02
2.83
3.17

2. 8 6

11
110

-

2.68

$ 3 . 1 2 —$3. 68
2 . 9 2 - 3 . 27
3 . 1 3 - 3.77
3 . 5 1 - 4 . 07
3 . 8 4 - 4. 84
3 . 7 9 - 4. 24
4 . 3 3 - 5.00
3 . 9 9 - 4 . 34
3 . 9 9 - 4. 34

2.732.61-

$ 3.72
3.61
3.72
4 . 92
5.00
-

23
19

$ 3 .6 1—$ 4. 2 9
3 .4 9 - 3.61
3 . 7 2 - 4. 29
4.24— 5 . 2 7
4 . 2 3 - 5. 28
-

-

-

-

2.702. 8 0-

3. 24
3 . 10
3.50

67
62

3.13

3.05-

588
342
216
207
173
34
152
128
24
49
796
722
74
345
360

3. 38
3. 35
3. 38

3.44
3.42
3.34
2. 74
2. 76

2.9 7 - 3. 73
2.9 7 - 3. 73
2 . 9 5 - 3.71
6
2 . 4 0 - 2.8
2 . 5 0 - 2.8
8
2 . 3 9 - 2. 76
2 . 3 9 - 2.89
2 . 4 0 - 2.90
2 . 3 4 - 2. 76
6
2 . 5 4 - 2.8
2 . 2 3 - 2.80
2 . 3 5 - 2. 81
2. 2 - 2. 23
0
2 . 6 2 - 2.85
2. 10 2 . 5 1
2. 10 2. 53
2. 2 - 2. 23
0

2.23

$ 3. 83
3. 53
4. 12
4.81
4. 85
-

Mi ddle range

-

3.0 43. 042.63-

22
9
6
8

54
27
27
50
45
-

2

2.83
2. 83

-

2.20
2.20

Median

-

3.62
3.62
2.77

2.76
2. 79
2. 59
2.69
2.55
2.58
2.23
2. 78

2

2. 84

-

2.6
8

Me an

1

-

3.49
3.49
2. 73

2.68

P acific

Hou rly earni ng s

2.50
2.96
3.1 7

28
28
36

2. 70
2. 55
2. 67
2. 70
2. 54
2. 70
2. 52
2. 54
2.26
2. 73
2. 26
2. 26
2. 24

-

2.9
0
2.92

2

N um ber
of
workers

2.8
8

3.36
-

-

3. 34

3.13

-

3.05-

2.83
2.83
-

3.67
-

3. 60

2

N um be r
of
workers

63
24
19

Ho urly earni ng s
Mean

2

Me dian

2

1

M i d d l e : an ge
r

31
-

$ 4. 63
4. 36
4. 44
5.12
5 .5 2
5.15
5 . 79
-

$ 4. 3 8
4. 3 8
4. 3 8
5 .24
5 .62
5.87
-

29
29
9
-

3.83
3.83
3. 22
-

3 . 73
3 . 73
_
-

3. 503.5 0_
-

48
42

4.34
_
4. 40

3. 73
_
3. 72

3.67_

5.24
_

3.6 9-

5.24

2
0

49

11

$ 4.38 -$ 4.6 7
4 . 2 5 - .4.38
4. 3 8 4. 59
4 . 45 — 5.93
4 . 99— 6.04
5 . 6 2 - 6.04
3. 75
3. 75
_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.83
3.83
2.83

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

"

-

-

3.27

-

-

13

-

-

-

3 . 61
3. 63
3.20
2 . 78
2. 84
2.51
2. 76
2 . 79
2. 55
2. 65
2. 56
2. 56
2. 58
2. 6 1
2.51
2. 50

3. 64
3. 63
3.16
2.77
2.79
2. 7 7
2. 77
2. 71
2. 58
2. 58
2. 55
2. 63
2 . 55
2. 45

184
98
50
39
_

4.16
.4 .1 6
4.08
3.12
_
_
3.12
3. 22
3. 22

Ill
70
15
76
62
14
47
40
■7
17
161
143
18
97
45
36

3.3 8
3. 38—
2.962.712.762.742.762.492.472.462.552.60—
2. 45 —
2. 45—

3 . 74
3. 76
3.47

2.8
6

2.90
-

2.8
6
2.8
6
2. 71
2. 63
2. 63
2. 63
2.63
2. 58
2. 58

-

9
132
132
-

73
45
45

-

3. 24
3.27
3.27

4. 2 8
4 . 25
4. 2 8
3. 1 3
_
_
3. 25
3. 25
-

3. 25
3. 40
3. 40

-

4 . 0 0 - 4. 32
4 . 1 9 - 4. 28
3 . 7 6 - 4. 34
2 . 8 2 - 3. 34
_
_
_
_
_
_
3 . 1 2 - 3.33
3 . 1 2 - 3.33
3 . 2 5 - 3 . 27
3 . 1 2 - 3.40
3 . 1 2 - 3.40

2

Table 4. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational averages— all establishments---- Continued
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

U n i t e d S t a t e s and r e g i o n s ,

M a r c h 1970)

Great Lakes
Department,

occupation,

and s e x

F i n i s hi n g :
F o l d e r s and g l u e r s , h a n d _____ _
F o l d i n g - and g l u i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,
a u to m a tic .. . ... _
_
____
_ .
_
M iscellaneous:
___
_ _
_
A d ju sters, machine, clas s A ...
A d ju sters, machine, class R
B a l e r s ___ _
____
. . .
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s_____
. . . .
M e n . . . ._
...
. .
W omen . . . .
_.
___
. . . . _ _
_
Catchers _
Men . . . .
._ ______
_
_
W o m e n __.
_ _ ___
Diem akers
_ __.
_
_
_
__ _ _
_
E lectricians, maintenance. _
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
Mainte nance m e n , g en e r al utility
M e c h a n i c s , m a in t en a n c e...
S h i p pi n g c l e r k s _______
Receiving clerks . . .
...
S h i p pi n g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ______ __
T ruckdriver s 3 .
4.
. . . .
. _ _ _ _
O t h e r t ha n s e m i - o r t r a i l e r _
_ .
S e m i - or t r a i l e r .
T r u c k e r s , pow er (forklift)
. . .
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t he r t ha n f o r k l i f t )

1
3
4

N umber
of
workers

_

Mi ddle West

H o u r l y ea r n i ng s
Me an

2

_

Media n

_

2

1

Middle ran ge

2

N um be r
of
workers

Pa cif ic

Hou rly earni ng s
Me an

2

Me dian

2

1

Mi ddle range

2

Mean

10
2

$4. 05

$4.10

3.17
2.83
3 . 07
2 . 81
2. 77
2 . 87
2. 5 4
4. 5 6
4.52
3.05
4. 49
4.41
3 . 55

3.22
2.82

3.212.76-

3.23
2.82

2.82
2. 81
2.81
2.48
4.74

2. 76—
2. 6 8
2.812.4 84. 40 -

2.82
2. 81
2.95
2.48
4.89

4.60
4. 5 1

4<59 4. 61
_
4 . 29— 4. 53

3. 79
4.18

3 . 7 9 - 3. 87
3.94— 4. 2 1

3.49

3. 38— 3. 52

Hourly earnings

2

M e di a n

Middle range “

~
$ 3 .1 0

$3. 08

$ 2 .72 -$ 3.4 8

53
17

3.66
3.33
2.63
2.54
2. 5 1
2.44
2.53
2.43
3.55
4. 1 9
2.59
3.39
4.09
2.93
2. 97
2.94
3. 11
3.03
3.33

3 . 76
3.14
2. 63
2. 59
2. 55
2. 45
2. 40
2. 45
3. 50
4. 2 8
2.60
3. 46
4. 21
2. 93
2. 92
2.90
2. 84
2 . 72

3 . 7 0 - 3. 77
3 . 1 4 - 3. 43
2 . 4 5 - 2. 81
2 . 4 9 - 2. 59
2 . 3 5 - 2. 63

112
333
144
650
83
567
175

2
0

105
96
63
40
24
65
60
44

12

156
44

2.8
6

2.64

-

2. 85
2.57

-

2.372.372.323.194.032.323.053.902.622.822.752.702.70-

2. 56
2.82
2. 56
3. 94
4. 33
2.80
3.69
4. 33
3.19
3.00
3 . 07
3. 4 1
3. 4 1

_

2.692.45-

D a s h e s i n d i c a t e no d a t a r e p o r t e d o r d a t a t h a t do not m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




2

_

506

103

_
_
30
159
52
107
71

$3.52

_
_

2.60
2. 48
2 . 55
2.48
2 . 55

2.542.452.472.402.52_

2.63
2. 52
2. 70
2. 52
2. 58

-

-

51
40
_

2.51
3. 7 5
_

2. 52
3.66
_

2.523.57-

2. 55
3.85

32
27
14

2.47
3. 28
4.07

2. 35
3. 52

2.323.16-

2. 52
3 . 61

_
_

15

11
11
55

$ 3 . 7 8 —$ 4. 28

_

2. 62
2. 49
2.57
2. 45
2. 53

$ 3. 23—$ 3. 6 1

-

_

3.08
2.84

$3.38

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

3. 24
2. 94
2. 94

3.17

2.85-

_

_

_
_
2 . 75

3.19

_

17
27

12
11

_

2.72-

10
28
27

8

_

2 . 76

24
141
14
1 27
56
38
18
52
7

2.85

38
7

3. 73
4. 04
3. 93
4. 19
3. 56
3. 58

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and for w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a nd l a t e s h i f t s .
S e e a p p e n d i x A f o r m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e m e a n s , m e d i a n s , and m i d d l e r a n g e s . M e d i a n s and m i d d l e r a n g e s a r e not p r o v i d e d f o r j o b s w i th f e w e r t han 15 w o r k e r s in a r eg ion,
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in add it io n to t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s d r i v e r s w h o o p e r a t e m o r e t han one t y p e of t r u ck and a r e not sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .

NOTE:

1

N um be r
of
workers

Table 5. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational averages— by size of establishment
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

1 of

m e n in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a ti o n s b y s i z e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t ,
U ni t ed St at es

1

2

U ni t e d S t a t e s and r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
New England

J

Mi ddle . t lantic
A

B o r d e r ■ St at es

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith—
D e p a r t m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n

Printin g:
Pr intin g p r e s s m e n ,

2 0- 9 9
w ork er s
Average
Num ber
hourly
of
earnings
workers

10 w o r k e r s
0
or m o r e
Num ber
Average
ho urly
of
w ork er s
earni ng s

10 w o r k e r s
0
or m o r e
Average
Num be r
of
hourly
workers
earnings

20-99
workers
N um be r
Average
of
ho urly
workers
ea rnings

10 w o r k e r s
0
or m o r e
Num ber
Average
of
ho u rly
workers
ea rni ng s

10 w o r k e r s
0
or m o r e
Num be r
Average
of
hourly
workers
earnings

cylinder

%

S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s ------------------- -------------------T w o - c o l o r p r e s s -----------------------------------------P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
----------------------------------------------cyli n der p r e s s 3
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s --------------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r e s s ------------------------------------------

554
141
391

$3. 55
3.35
3.58

240
206

2.84
2. 72
2. 84

592
386
180

3. 33
3.33
3.26

221

21

662
147
362

$ 3. 67
3. 27
3.69

64
40

$ 3 .5 7
3.49

49
33

2. 6 1
2. 59

1 16

2. 70
2. 81

1, 276
742
366

3.52
3. 51
3.40

128
73
35

532
382
1,789
997
534

2 . 72
2. 70
2. 5 4
2.73
2.15

45
34
209
83

398
60

210

2.8
6

$4. 01
3.45
4. 02

284
75
139

$3.86
3.46
4.02

75
13
56

3.13
2. 78
3.15

146
24
71

3.09
3. 07
3.19

-

98

3. 22
3.20
3. 24

205
148
39

3. 47
3. 46
3.40

31 6
185
74

3. 67
3 .72
3. 37

10
0

2. 49
2 .47
2. 53
2.75

2. 91

2. 82
2 . 87
2.73

171
131
366
246
49

2. 96
2.98
2. 92
3.01
2.48

552
50
192
82

-

87
80
235
97
90

159

2
0

123

8

-

C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
operators 3
-------------------------------------------------------C y l i n d e r or r o t a r y - .........- ....................... ...........
P l a t e n -------------- ---------- - .................... - ..............—
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
feeders 3
----------------------------------------------------------C y l i n d e r or r o t a r y ................................ ..............
Strip pe rs 3
---------------------------- ------------------------------A i r h a m m e r -------------------------------------------------H a n d ................ ....... ......... ........................................

436

2. 64
2 .64
2. 49
2.73
2 . 37

Finishing:
F o l d i n g - apd g l u i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c -------------------------------------

388

3.15

917

3. 31

35

2.98

127

3. 14

230

3. 33

85

53
135
304
89
187
76
77
50
17

3.48
2 . 41
2. 37
2. 50
3.60
2.30
3.05
2. 97
3.04
2. 95
2.95
2. 92
2. 54

252
269
492
512
47 4

3.46
2. 56
2. 39
2. 49
3. 73
2. 46
3.45
2. 94
2. 94
3.07
3. 1 9
2 . 73
2 . 74

55
27
50
52

3.05
2. 47
2. 41
-

12
0
2
0

26
42

3.88
2.47
2. 40
2. 49
3. 85
2 .4 7
2. 89
2. 85
2. 90
3.16
3.16
2. 48

12 7
64
187
2 13
143
44
41
19

3. 61
2.60
2. 63
2. 70
3.88
2. 46
3. 32
3.03
3. 24
2 . 97
3 . 75
3.39
2 . 76

37
18
15
17
47

M iscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A-------------------------B a l e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s - ............— ............ ......... ...........—
C a t c h e r s -------------------------------------------------------------D i e m a k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s --------------------M a i n t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ..... ......... ......
S h i p pi n g c l e r k s — ....... - ...............................................
R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ....... — ------------------------------------S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s —..........................
Truckdrivers 3
............................................................
O t h e r t ha n s e m i - or t r a i l e r ----------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) . ------- ---------------------

See

footn otes




at end

of ta b le .

185
762

20
1

110
166
146

10
0

212
211

74
54
76
196
83
487

-

2
0
23
7

10

24
7
28

3.49
2. 25
3.04
2. 92
2. 82
3. 31
2. 92
2 . 75

54
13
15

2
2

28
56
46
50

2.92

12

23
50

2
2
76

84
16

$ 3.07
2.71
3.14
-

3. 18
3. 21
3.05
2.45
2. 47
2 22
-.
2. 61
-

2.96

-

3.53
1. 97

2.8
8
2. 26
2.35

Table 5. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational averages— by size of establishment---- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of m e n i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y s i z e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t ,
Southeast

U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 19 70)

Southwest

G reat Lakes

Middle West

Pacific

10 w o r k e r s
0
or m o r e
Num be r
Average
of
ho urly
workers
earn in gs

or m o r e
Number
A verage
of
hourly

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s wi th----

20—99
w ork er s
Number
Average
of
hourly
w o r ke r s
earnings

D e p a r t m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n

P rintin g:
Prin tin g p r e s s m e n , c ylin d er
press 3
--------------------------------------- ------ ----------------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s _____________________
T w o - c o l o r p r e s s ______________________
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
cylinder p r e s s 3
_________________________
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s _____________________
T w o - c o l o r p r e s s ______________________

10 w o r k e r s
0
or m o r e
N um be r
Average
of
ho urly
worke r s
earni ng s

39
16

$ 3 .1 0
2. 99

_

2.09
2.09

36
-

2. 58
-

23
-

49
33
-

2.85
3.00
-

94
45
49

3.08
2 . 97
3.19

47
13
27

3.01
3.01
3.06

44
37
125
105

2.20
2.2
0

54
37

24

2.20

1.97
1.96

210

2. 25
2.15

113

113
58
55

2.21

86

2.19
2.04

51

2.87

154

3.09

17
43
15

_
_

$2.90
2.49
3.08

25
25

M iscellaneous :
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A____ ____ ____
B a l e r s ___________________________________
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s _________________________
C a t c h e r s _____________ _______________ _
D i e m a k e r s _______________________________
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s __________
M a i n t e n a n c e m e n , p e n e r a l u ti li ty .. . ....
S h ip pi ng c l e r k s ___________________________
R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _________________________
S h ip pi ng and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
T ruckdrivers 3
___________________________
O t h e r t ha n s e m i - or t r a i l e r ____________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ------------------------------

1.98
1.98
2.26
3.21
2.94

-

21

14
14
25
25

12

2.59
2.04
2.04
2.26

-

44

10
2
121

2.12

2. 29

2.01

6
-

3.09
_




in d ica te

no d a t a

reported

or

data

t h a t do no t m e e t

pu b lication

criteri;

209
52
15 1

$ 3. 23
3. 14
3. 25

10 W( r k e r s
0 s
or m o r e
N umber
A v e r a ge
of
ho urly
workers
ea rnings

155
29

$ 3 .6 4
3.19
3.71

10
0

_
_

_

100 w o r k e r s

w orkers

earnings

24

$5.0 2

20

4 .1 0

_
-

22

2.76
_

81
_

_
_

48

2. 77

62

2. 69

-

195

3.19
3. 13
3.28

387
230
127

3. 49
3.46
3.46

77
49

$3.69
3 . 74

116
79
5 18
265

2.75
2.77
2. 56
2.76
2.1 4

47
33
103

2. 81
2. 82
2.60

120

2.60
2. 58
2. 50
2. 62
2. 43

88

2.60

62
6

3.2 3
3.2 7
3.1 1

97

12

58
_

2. 77

-

3.16

247

3. 37

72

3. 41

72

4 .0 3

.

_

47
57
77
57
118
73
74
16
15
23

3.68
2. 69
2.51
2. 44
3. 67

18
24

2. 70

22

3.2 1

2 .6 6

25
9
15

3.60
2. 85
3.58

2.22

2.08
2.09
1. 97

_
_

1.92

-

_

17
13
_
-

3.25
2.06
_
_

8
_

2. 32
_

34

48
16
-

2.17
3. 52
3. 18
-

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
In c lu d e s re g io n a l d a ta n ot show n s e p a ra te ly .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s i n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i n a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
Dashes

$2. 90
_

20—99
workers
Num be r
Average
of
ho urly
w o r k e rs
ea rnings

-

-

3

NOTE:

11

51
16
35

C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
operators 3
_________ ___ _________________
C y l i n d e r or r o t a r y _____________________
PI a t e n _ _____ __________________ _____
_
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
feeders 3
________________________________
C y l i n d e r or r o t a r y --------------------------------------St r ippe rs 3
----------------------------------------------------------A i r h a m m e r -------------------------------------------------H a n d _________________________________
Finishing:
F o l d i n g - and g l u i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ______________

10 w o r k e r s
0
or m o r e
Num ber
Average
of
ho urly
workers
earni ng s

2.40

110
85
57
49
204
76

51
67
26
57

22
22

21
9
41
30
24
18

2.57
2. 50
2 . 72
3. 31
2. 43
2. 99
3. 11
3.20
2.90
3.28
3. 29
2 . 75

12
7

_

2.68

-

-

127
63
28

-

4„24
4 .1 8
4 . 27

_
78

34

4 . 57

2 .8 8

2. 82

3 .5 5

4 .0 8

38

3. 56

3.06

33

3 .1 6
4. 4 7

8
7

6
23

14

3 . 51
2. 81
2. 83
3.02

_
138

-

Table 6. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational earnings— Baltimore, Md.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , M a r c h 19 7 0 )
NumSex, d e p a rtm e n t,

of
w orke i fa

and o ccupation

A verhourly
earn-

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1 . 6 0 $ 1 . 6 5 $ 1 . 7 0 ■$ 1.75 $ 1 . 8 0 $ 1 . 8 5 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 f$ 2 .1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 ' $ 2 . 3 0 ' $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 ^$T72o $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0
and
under
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $ 1 .9 0 $1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $3.0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3.20 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $3.60 $3.7 0 o v e r

$2.48
2. 69
1.98

54
11
43

13
7
6

42
22
20

39
11
28

187
118
69

181
47
134

281
150
131

57
49
8

102
61
41

38
23
15

77
71
6

93
91
2

18
18

149
93
56

56
52
4

26
20
6

117
107
10

86
78
8

99
99
-

44
43
1

30
30
-

37
37
-

42
42
-

14
14
-

8
8

171
171

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

1
1

-

6
2

2
2

4
4

3
1

6
_

26
_
26

6
1

8
_

4
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

32
15

3.08
2.70
3 16
4.56
3 .7 9

1

_

1

8

8
1
7
42 1
55

42

2 .4 4

-

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s -------------------------------- 2 , 0 6 1
M e n ________________________________________ 1 , 4 73
588
W o m e n _____________________________________
S elected occupations— m en
P rinting:
P rin tin g p r e s s m e n , cylinder
p r e s s 3 ----------------------------------------------------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s ----------------------------P rinting p re s s m e n ,

o f f s e t p r e s s 3 ------

P r in ti n g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and
f e e d e r s , c y l i n d e r p r e s s -----------------------

76
14

-

-

5

-

2

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

8

3

1

2
1
7

9
9
12

1
1
4

2
1
81

6
6
15

6
6
6

2
2

2 .9 7

-

"

"

“

-

1

27
34
19

2 .2 4
3 .4 9
1. 97

1

1
-

-

-

-

1

4

-

-

-

-

10

2

-

1

15
16
17

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

44

2.88
3 .6 3
2^31
2. 33

-

-

1

.

-

_

_

.
16

2
6

4

P rinting:
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and
f e e d e r s , c y l i n d e r p r e s s -----------------------

11

2 .0 5

-

"

-

2

3

2

2

C utting and c r e a s in g :
C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
f e e d e r s , c y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ------

------

11

1.96

-

-

4

M iscellaneous:
r s u n c u e r s - p a c K e r s — — » -----------------------C a t c h e r s ----------------------------- -----------------------

78
143

1.90
1.87

18

8
7

7
6

1

C utting and c r e a s in g :
C u ttin g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s 3 ______________________________
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y . . . ----------------------C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
f e e d e r s 3 -------------------------------------------------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ---------- -------------S t r i p p e r s ----------------------------------------------------

93
80

3 .1 7
3 .2 0

-

46
44
179

2 .3 2
2 .3 4
2.08

F inishing:
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m ach in e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c _________ ____ ___

75

M iscellaneous:
B a l e r s --------------------------------------------------------D i e m a k e r s ------------------------------------------------J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ---------M aintenance m en , g eneral
u t i l i t y -------------------------------------------------------JV Le cn an ic s , rxiciiritena.iic e__»--------- ---------T r u c k d r i v e r s --------------------------------------------TrU.cl/"d*e
i Ff

3

24

-

-

-

3
3

2
2

1
-

2
1

2
2

5

2

-

"

3

4

"

2

9

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1
1

-

“

-

-

-

1

-

7

-

2
2

6
6

6
6

32
24

6
6

5
2

2
2

-

1
1

_
-

62 1
21

-

-

12
12

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

"

"

6
6
32

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

1

6

26

11

5

4

2

8

-

-

1

-

4

-

1

-

8
2

2

_
6

_
_

_
2

_
5

_
_

_
2

_
_

_
6 14

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

1

4
5

1

_

5

-

-

9

_
2

_

2

1

_

_
16

_

_

-

"

"

"

_

1

_
79

S elec te d o ccupations— w o m en

"
8
7

-

1
2

1
1

1

2

33
83

1

7

18
8

2
-

-

-

~

-

1 T h e B a l t i m o r e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of B a l t i m o r e C i t y ; a n d A n n e A r u n d e l , B a l t i m o r e , C a r r o l l , H a r f o r d , a n d H o w a r d C o u n t i e s .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lidays, and latesh ifts.V irtu a lly
a l l of t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d
b y t h e s t u d y w e r e p a i d on a t i m e b a s i s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in ad d itio n to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 3 a t $ 3 . 7 0 t o $ 3 . 8 0 ; 3 a t $ 4 to $ 4 . 1 0 ; 3 a t $ 5 t o $ 5 . 1 0 ; 3 a t $5 . 6 0 t o $ 5 . 7 0 ; 3a t $ 5 . 7 0
t o $ 5 . 8 0 ; 3a t $ 5 . 8 0 t o $ 5 .9 0 ; a n d 3 a t $ 6 . 1 0 t o $ 6 . 2 0 .
5 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s tr ib u te d as follow s:
2 a t $ 3 . 7 0 t o $ 3 .8 0 a n d 3 a t $ 5 t o $ 5 . 1 0 .
6 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3 .9 0 to $ 4.
7 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 4 to $ 4.10.




"

Table 7. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational earnings— Boston, Mass.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,
Nurp Sex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and occupation

M e n ---------------------------- --------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------

Aver™

M a r c h 1970)

N u m b e r < f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - • t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of —
o

$1 .6 0 $1.6 5 $ 1 . 7 0 $ 1 . 7 5 $1 .8 0 $ 1 . 8 5 $1790 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $2 .9 0 $3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4 .0 0 $4. 20 $4 .4 0
of
hourly
w ork- earnand
under
ings
cls
$1 .6 5 $1 .7 0 $ 1 . 7 5 $ 1 . 8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $3 .0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $3 .4 0 $3 .6 0 $3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $4 .2 0 $4 .4 0 o v e r
910
781
129

$2. 72
2. 78
2. 36

1
1

1
1

10
4
6

6
4
2

19
6
13

1
2

4
2

-

1

19
11
8

16
12
4

28
22
6

121
116
5

162
105
57

48
2

77
76
1

70
65
5

46
41
5

38
37
1

"

■

.
1

68
62
6

60
58
2

58
58

21
20
1

7
6
2

7
5
1

6
3
7
7

2
1
4

5
5

7
7

4
4

13
13

S elected o c c u p atio n s— m e n
P rin tin g :
P rin tin g p re s s m e n ,

cylinder

P r i n t i n g p r e s s m e n , o f f s e t p r e s s ____
T w o-color p
r e
s
s
_
_
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e _______
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and
f e e d e r s , o f f s e t p r e s s ________________
C utting and c r e a s in g :
C uttin g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s 3 ____________________________
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y --------------------------C u ttin g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
f e e d e r s _________________________________
Strippers

F in ish in g :
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ________________
M iscellaneous:
B a l e r s -----------------------------------------------------B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ---------------------------------D i e m a k e r s ______________________________
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s _____
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ______________
T r u c k d r i v e r s -----------------------------------------T ru c k e rs , pow er, other than
f o r k l i f t _________________________________

28
16
29
9
20

3.
3.
3.
3.
4.

24
27
96
64
10

1

2

i

4

1

17

3. 08

2

1

1

1

6

3

-

-

-

-

56
33

3. 18
3. 09

1

-

2

3

-

7
6

10
6

22
13

11
2

-

-

9
63

2. 51
2. 39

3
10

_
10

13

2
"

*

“

“

“

-

28

2. 94

-

-

11
34
15
8
11
7

2.
2.
3.
2.
3.
3.

47
42
26
19
41
02

.

9

2. 39

88
6

2. 29
1. 92

1

.
2

1

1
5

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

6

2

5
3

2

_

1

_

_

_

1

_

”

.

_

_

_

1

3
9

1

-

3

-

-

1

2

4

2

8

7

l
3
1
1

3
3

21

3

1

2
1

1

_

_

3

4

3
3

"

"

-

“
48

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

8

4

-

2
3

"
3
2
\

1

1
1

"
3

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

2

-

-

5

-

_

1

5

4

5

4
1

54

4

1
1

1

1

1
2

-

-

-

2

”

"

"

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S elected o cc u p atio n s— w o m en
M iscellaneous:
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ---------------------------------C a t c h e r s --------------------------------------------------

2
3
4

2

T h e B o s t o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of S u f f o l k C o u n t y , 15 c o m m u n i t i e s i n E s s e x C o u n t y ,
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in additio n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s follows:
4 a t $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 . 6 0 ; 3 a t $ 4 . 6 0 to $ 4 . 8 0 , a n d 1 a t $ 5 t o $ 5 . 2 0 .




30 i n M i d d l e s e x C o u n t y ,

20 i n N o r f o l k C o u n t y ,

■

-

and 9 in P ly m o u t h C ounty.

Table 8. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational earnings— Chicago, 111.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
NumSex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and o ccupation

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s -----------------------------M e n _______________________________________
W o m e n ___________________________________

of
w orkers

A verN u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i ng s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ofage
$ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 3 . 9 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 1 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 . 3 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 .5 0 $ 4 . 6 0 $ 4 . 7 0
h o u r l y TTnri e r
earnand
$ 2 .3 0 u n d e r
ings
$ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 3 . 9 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 1 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 3 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 5 0 $ 4 . 6 0 $ 4 .7 0 o v e r

2,5 8 0
1,934
64 6

$3.03
3.21
2 .5 2

118
51
67

105
49
56

170
94
76

421
128
293

147
112
35

247
179
68

322
281
41

109
103
6

129
128
1

63
22

3.71
3 .2 2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

6
6

50
49
1

64
62
2

24
24

25
25

43
43

112
112

-

18
18
-

-

"

-

11
11

-

-

-

3

5

3

"

2

2

2

l

101
101

61
61

58
58

49
49
-

45
45

-

-

65
65

3

_

1

6

I

12

19

3

19

8
5
3
2

12
12

3
3

63
63

"

19
19

-

-

_

_

_

I

2

3 49

S elec te d o ccupations— m en
P rinting:
P rin tin g p re s s m e n , cylinder
p r e s s -----------------------------------------------------

P r i n t i n g p r e s s m e n , o f f s e t p r e s s ____

13
95

2

-

-

-

-

-

' -

-

_

12
9

12
(3

3
3

3
2
1

9
2
7

5
_
5

9
1
8

22
8
14

14
1
13

_

_
3

1
10

5
7

_
1

3
4

_

4
2
2

-

1
1
-

10
9
1

4
1
3

4
3
1

33
23
94
74
5

7
7

6
5
5
5

3

11

5

4

3

4

3
1
1

5
12
1

17
12
22

6

2

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

.

-

_

_

4

13

4

2

1

i

2

4

3

3. 09
2.94
3 .1 3

-

_
_

1
1
_

1
1
_

13
27

3. 16
2 .7 9

-

-

_

C utting an d c r e a s i n g :
C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s 4 ------------------------------------------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y .................................. .
P l a t e n .................................................................
C utting- an d c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
f e e d e r s 4 ---------------------------------------------------

193
114
69

3 .6 8
3 .6 4
3.70

-

-

76
56
21 9
113
59

2.73
2.73
2.65
19
2.80
2 .3 8 5 14

8
6
16

9
8
7

16

3

131

3.61

-

-

33
38
35
53
54
7

3. 72
2 .7 6
2.70
2.62
4 .0 1
4.36

3

2
1
3

_
5
11

1
4
10

-

-

-

29

2.69

2

25

3. 70

A ir h am m er
W an H

_ ................................... ...

F in ish in g :
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c -------------------------M iscellaneous:
A r[ j r] s j ' p r Q j m a r b i n p j r l a r r A __
...
B a l e r s ---------------------------------- ---------- ------- ----B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ---------------------------------C a t c h e r s -------------------------------------------------D i e m a k e r s ---------------------------------------------TT1 p r t r i r i ^ n s } m a i n t p n a n r p
................
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
M aintenance m en , g eneral
u t i l i t y — .................................................................

7
_

2

2
-

2

2
-

-

20
6
12

3
1
25
14
3

10
6
27
14

_

-

_

_

-

15
_
15

_
_
_

_
_
_

2
_
2

3
_
3

_

i

_

1

8
8

2

1
1

2

3
2
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

6

_

_

8

z

7

1

_

2
2

_

3

_

4

_

2

1

4

_

1

_
_
_

_
_
_

1
1
_

1
_
1

_
_
_

_
_
.

_
_
_

_
_
_

1
_
1

1
_
1

_
_
_

_

i

.

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

23
6
17

40
39
1

34
9
19

15
15

17
9
8

13
5
8

7
3

3

_

3

_
_
_

1

_

_

1

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

24

30

6

10

l

30

_

_
6

_
14

_
6

19

3

8

3
2
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5

3

-

-

1

_

_
1

_
3

_
2

_
_

.

'

"

'




_

_

_

6

1

2

1

2

_

~
'

S e e f o ot no te s a t end of t a b l e .

45

3

88
17
71

-

6
2

-

l

T w o-color p re ss
....
__
T h re e -c o lo r p re s s nr m ore_
P rin tin g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and
f e e d e r s , o f f s e t p r e s s -----------------------T w o - c o l o r p r e s s -----------------------------T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ---------P r i n tin g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and
feed ers, rotogravure p re ss ,
t h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e _________
R o ll s u p p l y m e n
... ............ .

2.84
2 .8 7
2.96

..... .

6

_

4.30

rota r y

_

2
2

15

P .ylinrler o r

_

2

4.70

38
24
7

S t r i p p e r s 4---------------------------------------------------

13
3
10

6

4.21
4.64

76
P rin tin g p re s s m e n , ro to g ra v u re
p re s s , th ree -c o lo r p re ss
o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------P r in tin g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and

-

_
_

Table 8. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational earnings—Chicago, 111.1— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

1
2
3
4
5
6

T h e C h ic a g o S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S ta tis tic a l A r e a co n s is ts of C o o k , D u P a g e , K a n e , L a k e , M c H e n r y , an d W ill C o u n tie s.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
A p p r o x i m a t e l y 96 p e r c e n t o f t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y t h e
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d as follow s:
9 a t $ 4 . 7 0 to $ 4 . 8 0 ; 8 a t $ 4 . 8 0 to $ 4 . 9 0 ; 7 a t $ 4 . 9 0 t o $5; Z0 a t $5 to $5 . 10; a n d 5 a t $ 5 . 2 0 a n d o v e r .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s i n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s follow s:
2 a t $ 1 . 6 0 to $ 1 . 7 0 , a n d 12 a t $ 1 . 7 0 t o $ 1 . 8 0 .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 . 8 0 to $ 1 . 9 0 .




s t u d y w e r e p a i d on a t i m e b a s i s .

Table 9. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational earnings— Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

Santa Ana Garden Grove, Calif.

M a r c h 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Sex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and o cc upation

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ----------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------

N um ­ A ver­
age
ber
$ 2 .0 0 $2 .1 0 $2 .2 0 $2 .3 0 $ 2. 40 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $4 .4 0 $4 .6 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $5 .0 0 $5 .2 0 $ 5 .4 0 $5 .6 0 $5 .8 0 $6 .0 0
hourly
of
and
and
w ork­ earn­
in g s2
ers
$2 .1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2 .3 0 $ 2. 40 $2 .5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $4 .8 0 $5 .0 0 $5 .2 0 $5 .4 0 $ 5 . 6 0 $5^80 $6 .0 0 o v e r

1, 05 9 $3. 62
89 4 3. 78
165 2. 72

24

_

_

_

2
2

35
1
34

55
27
28

36
33
3

21 6
167
49

_

16
2
14

_

_

.

.

-

24-

P rin tin g :
P rin tin g p re s s m e n , cylinder
p r e s s ' 1--------------------------------------------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s -------------------T w o - c o l o r p r e s s ----------------------P rin tin g p r e s s m e n , offset p r e s s
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s -------------------T w o - c o l o r p r e s s ----------------------T h re e-c o lo r p re s s or m o re...
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and
f e e d e r s , c y l i n d e r p r e s s ------------P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and
f e e d e r s , o f f s e t p r e s s 4 -------------T hree-color p re ss or m o re—

4.
4.
4.
5.
4.
5.
5.

39
36
44
39
91
15
67

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

.

96
96

76
74
2

103
62
24
84
31
43

4.
4.
3.
3.
3.
3.

12
16
99
23
22
27

-

-

4
4

-

-

6

52
52

56
56

-

-

11
11

3
3

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

8

3

3

-

6

6

1
2

-

-

-

-

3

-

6

6

58
2
2
4

-

7
7

-

-

56
56

23
23

26
12
10
5
5

5
1

10
10

-

-

-

2

-

2

2
”

_

„

"

“

_

_

20
8
5

13
12
-

21

-

19

10

_

_

-

8
6
2

3. 20
4 . 59
4 . 52
4 .4 5
3. 89
3. 64

25
25
“

2

1

12

4

4

4
2
6

12

6

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

2'

-

-

"

-

_

_

_

8

22

2

66

'

27

2

2

12

1

2

-

9

9
_

27

_
3
18

1

6

3
2

2

19

A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m - S a n t a A n a - G a r d e n G r o v e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s c o n s i s t of L o s A n g e l e s a n d O r a n g e C o u n t i e s .
p r e m i u m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w e ek en d s, ho lid ay s, and late s h ifts .
A ll p ro d u c ti o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by the stu d y w e r e p a id on a t i m e b a s i s .
4 w o r k e r s a t $ 1 , 8 5 t o $ 1 . 9 0 ; 4 a t $ 1 . 9 0 t o $ 1 . 9 3 ; a n d 10 a t $ 1 . 9 5 t o $ 2 .
w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d i t i o n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
w e r e d is tr ib u te d as follow s:
6 a t $ 6 to $ 6 . 2 0 a n d 2 a t $ 6 . 2 0 t o $ 6 . 4 0 .
4 w o r k e r s a t $ 1 . 9 5 to $ 2 .




9
9'

'

'

The Los
E xcludes
Includes
Includes
W orkers
Includes

6
6

61
42
10

4

„

_

”

9

_

“

S elec te d o cc u p a tio n s — -w omen
M iscellaneous:
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ------ ------ -.............. -

14
14

10
10

133
133

4

5
3

2

3. 54
4 . 13
4 . 18

F in ish in g :
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ----------------M iscellaneous:
B a l e r s ----------------------------------------------D i e m a k e r s --------------------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e ---------M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e -------------T r u c k d r i v e r s ----------------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , f o r k l i f t ------------

95
94
1

'

S elected o cc u p atio n s— m e n

C utting and c r e a s in g :
C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s 4 -----------------------------------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y -------------------P l a t e n -----------------------------------------S t r i p p e r s 4 --------------------------------------A i r h a m m e r ------------------------------H a n d _______________ ______________

10
2
8

19
19

8

4
2

3 24

-

Table 10. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational earnings— New York, N .Y .1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,
Num Sex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and occupation

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s - -------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------

A ver-

M a r c h 1970)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - ■t im e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

$ 2. 50 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 3 . 9 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 1 0 $ 4 .2 0 $4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $4 .8 0 $ 5 .0 0 $5 .2 0 $ 5. 4 0 $5 .6 0
of
hourly
U J
w ork- earnand
$2 .50 u n d e r
eJ. s
$ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 3 . 9 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 .1 0 $4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $4 .6 0 $4 .8 0 $5 .0 0 $5 .2 0 $5 .4 0 $5 .6 0 o v e r
2, 029 $3. 29
1, 749 3. 41
280 2. 56

129
54
75

438
305
133

55
25
30

111
88
23

119
115
4

76
72
4

65
64
1

54
54

34
34

"

“

323
319
4

35
35
“

37
36
1

41
41

28
28

22
22

44
44

"

-

-

1*6
16
-

16
16
-

122
117
5

136
136

35
35

44
44

12
12

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

19
19

S elected o ccu p atio n s— -m en
P rinting:
P rin tin g p re ssm e n ,

cylinder
_

1 20
14
87
19
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and
f e e d e r s , c y l i n d e r p r e s s 3 ----------------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s ---------------------------

4.
4.
4.
4.

68
63
68
69

121
11
97

3. 42
3. 75
3. 41

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

6
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C utting and c r e a s in g :
C u ttin g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s 3 ------------------------------------------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ------- ------------------P la ten
C u ttin g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
f e e d e r s 3 _______________________________
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y _________________
P l a t e n ________________________________
S t r i p p e r s 3--,_____________________________
A i r h a m m e r --------------------------------------

123
86
15

4. 17
4. 11
4 . 19

-

127
105
8
161
118

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

21
23
24
36
38

-

F inishing:
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c _______________

79

3. 21

32
11
20
61
55
17
21
11
7
20
17
11

4.
3.
2.
2.
4.
2.
4.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

52

2. 63

M iscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A ________
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s B ________
B a l e r s -------------- --------------------------- -----------B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s .......... ..................................
D iem a k ers

........

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ------M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e --------------------S h i p p i n g c l e r k s _________________________
R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _______________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s 3 --------------------------------------O t h e r t h a n s e m i - o r t r a i l e r --------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , f o r k l i f t ------------------

40
99
83
90
40
68
02
37
36
74
72
11

r

9

.
-

_

_
.

_
_

_
_

2
2

_
_

_
_

_
-

2
2

_
_

5
5

4
_

20
19

2
2

3
3

44
22

5
1
4
10
10

18
18

2
2

_

_

_

2
2

2
2

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

-

21

-

-

9

-

1

5

-

-

-

-

-

_

„

18

10

2

2

_

_

2

_
_

2

_

_

-

17
16
1
4
-

39
37
_
130
96

5

-

-

4

1

-

3

«

16
18

3
9

-

30

"

*

1
3

13

_

8

_
_

-

3
2
1
1
1

-

_

2
2

4
_
1
-

.
.
1
“

1

103
3
92

9
.
1
4
4

-

1

12
12

2
1
1

30
29
1
2
-

-

_
.
1
-

D

“

2
-

_

1
1

15
11

4

1
1

_

7
1

9
9

_
_

_

"
_

_

_

_

9

_

_

2

16

4
•

1

8
1

2

1

-

29

_

-

5

5

-

-

2

4

1
1

1

_

2
1
1

1
6
6

6
3

_

_

_

_

1

"

1
1

_

2

_

4

23

-

-

6

_

6
6
-

_

2

1

-

-

_

"

2

-

_
_

S elected o cc u p atio n s— w o m en
M iscellaneous:
C a t c h e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------

1 T h e N e w Y o r k S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of N e w Y o r k C i t y ( B r o n x , K i n g s , N e w Y o r k , Q u e e n s , a n d R i c h m o n d C o u n t i e s ) a n d N a s s a u , R o c k l a n d ,
C o u n t i e s , N . Y.
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
A ll p ro d u c ti o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y the s tu d y w e r e p a id on a t i m e b a s i s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in ad d itio n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




S uf fo lk ,

and

W e stc h ester

Table 11. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational earnings— Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
NumSex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and o ccupation

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ___________________
M e n ----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------

of
work-

A verage
hourly
earn$2.10
ings

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g ! s o f—
$2.10

$2.20

under
$2.20

_
$2.30

$ 2. 30

$2.40

$2 .4 0

'
$2.50

$2.50

$2.60

$2.70

$2.60

"
$2.70

"
$2.80

$2.80

$2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70

$3.80 $3.90 $4.00

$ 4 . 1 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0

$2.90

"
$3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80

$3.90 $4.00 $4.10

and
$ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 .6 0 o v e r

1,972
1,5 8 1
391

$2.86
2.98
2. 37

69
28
41

42
8
34

71
18
53

107
42
65

192
101
91

176
117
59

337
295
42

152
151
1

207
20 3
4

47
46
1

69
69
-

43
43

79
10
47
22
29
12
17
10

3.6 8
3 .1 2
3. 67
3. 96
4.39
4.32
4.45
3. 25

_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
1

-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
1

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
1

6
6
_
_
_
2

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

14
12

3 .7 8
3 .8 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

42
9
31

2. 97
2 .9 8
2 .9 9

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

4

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

11
1
10

11
4
7

40
20
20

3.2 6
3 .04
3.47

-

-

-

6
6
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

13
7

3 .34
2.75

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

-

-

32
32

46
46

82
82

37
37

-

89
89
-

-

-

_
_
_
_
_
1

_
_
_
_
_
.
_
-

6
_
6
_
_
_
_
-

4
1
3
_
_
_
_
-

1
1

_
_

3
2

_
_

13
4
9

_

1

_

_

1

_

.
-

2
2
_

4
4
_

3
_
3

-

3

-

_
2

_

-

6
6
_

9
9
_

34
34

36
36

41
41

11
11

11
11

21
21

11
11

-

9
9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
3
24
_
2
2
_
-

10
_
5
5
1
1
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

22
_
9
13
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
5
_
5
3

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

2
.
_
2
4
_
4
1

2
_
_
2
14
9
6
-

_
_
_
_
3
_
2
-

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
.

7
6

3
3

-

-

_
_

_
_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

.

7
_
7

9
4
5

2
1
1

2
2
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

5
1
4

_
.
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

1

1

1

7

3
2
1

7
4
3

5
2
3

23
23
_

18
9
9

14
12
2

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

S elected o cc u p atio n s— m en
P rin tin g :
P rin tin g p r e s s m e n , cylinder
p r e s s ___________________________________
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s __________________
T w o - c o l o r p r e s s ___________________
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ---------P r i n t i n g p r e s s m e n , o f f s e t p r e s s -----T w o - c o l o r p r e s s ___________________
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ---------P rin tin g p re s s m e n , platen p r e s s .....
P rin tin g p r e s s m e n , ro to g ra v u re
p r e s s *---------------------------------------------------T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e _______
P rin tin g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and
f e e d e r s , c y l i n d e r p r e s s 3 ___________
T\w n-rn1nr p r p s «
T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e _______
P rin tin g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and
f e e d e r s , o f f s e t p r e s s ________________
T w o - c o l o r p r e s s -----------------------------T h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e ---------P r i n ti n g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and
fe ed ers, rotogravure p re ss ,
t h r e e - c o l o r p r e s s o r m o r e _________
R o l l s u p p l y m e n ------------------------------------

-

C utting and c r e a s in g :
C u ttin g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y __________________
P l a t e n .... ............................................................
C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
f e e d e r s 3 _______________________________
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y __________________
S t r i p p e r s 3-----------------------------------------------Hanrl

86
68
18

3.4 6
3 .4 4
3.54

-

_

-

-

_
_

1
1
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

49
45
143
57

2.58
2.54
2 .6 9
2 .5 9

-

-

-

.
-

26
26
8

2
2
15
6

6
6
74
45

4
4
8

7
7
32

2

_

_

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

3

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

F inishing:
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ------------------------

103

3. 46

"

1

-

-

13

12

4

7

13

27

-

-

-

3

9

-

4

20
20
103
135
33
7

3. 49
2.63
2.58
2 .7 7
3. 58
4.03

_
3
31
5

1
3
1
81

_
_
5

2
_

_

1
_

1
_

.

11
_

_
_

1
_

2
_

_

1
_

_
_

_
_

2
_

1
_

3
_

2
_

2
2

13
_

1
1

2
_

2
1

2
_

2
_

_
_

8

2 .5 9

3

8

3.1 6

1

M iscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A _________
B a l e r s -----------------------------------------------------B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ---------------------------------r^ trh p rs
..............
.
.... .................
D iem akers
------------------------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e ----------------J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
rlp an p rs
_ . .
........
..........
M aintenance m e n , g en eral
u t i l i t y -----------------------------------------------------

6

10

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
1
-

_
-

.
31

_
1
1

_
3
19

.

_
-

.
-

.

_

-

-

_
-

-

_
9
15
49
_

-

_

3

1

_

_

_

_
_

1
1

_
_

_ _

1

2

1

2

1

1

1
'

See

footnotes




at

end

of table.

_
_

1

Table 11. Folding paperboard boxes: Occupational earnings— Philadelphia, Pa—N.J.1
----Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

1 T h e P h ila d e lp h ia S ta n d a rd M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a c o n sists of B u c k s , C h e s t e r , D e la w a r e , M o n tg o m e ry , and P h ila d e lp h ia C o u n tie s, P a . ; and B u rlin g to n , C a m d e n , and G lo u c e s te r C o u n tie s, N . J .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
V i r t u a l l y all of th e p ro d u c ti o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by the s tu d y w e r e p aid on a t i m e b a s i s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s i n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




Table 12. Folding paperboard boxes: Method of wage payment
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y m e t h o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t , U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 19 70 )
United
S tates

M eth o d of w age p ay m e n t 1

New
England

M iddle
A tlantic

B order
S tates

S ou th east

So u th w est

G reat
Lakes

M iddle
W est

Pacific

A l l w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s ______________________________
F o r m a l p l a n s ___________________________________
S i n g l e r a t e __________________________________
R a n g e o f r a t e s ______________________________
I n d i v i d u a l r a t e s ________________________________

96
86
41
45
10

98
86
33
53
13

93
88
63
25
4

99
90
58
32
9

99
74
7
66
25

100
78
31
47
22

96
86
28
58
9

100
95
34
61
5

100
92
63
29
8

2
1
(2 )

7
(2 )
4
3

1
(2 )
1

1
1

4
1
1
1

-

-

-

I n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------I n d i v i d u a l p i e c e w o r k ---------------------------------------I n d i v i d u a l b o n u s ________________________________
G r o u p b o n u s ____________________________________

1
2

F o r d e f i n i t i o n of m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ,
L e s s t h a n 0.5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of ro u n d in g ,

4
(2 )
2
1

-

see appendix A.

s u m s of in d iv id u a l i t e m s m a y n o t eq u al t o t a l s .

Table 13. Folding paperboard boxes: Scheduled weekly hours
( P e r c e n t of p ro d u c ti o n an d o ff ic e w o r k e r s

by s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s , 1 U n ited S ta t e s and r e g io n s ,

Uni ted
Sta tes

W eekly h o urs 1

Ne w
England

M id d l e
Atlantic

M a r c h 1 9 70 )

Border
States

Southeast

Southwest

G reat
Lakes

M id d l e
W est

Pacific

100

P r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r ■s
A ll w o r k e r s __________________________ _____
V2 h o u r s ----------------------- ------- --------------------------3 8 h o u r s ----------------------- -------- ----------------------------40 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------4 2 V h o u r s ------------- -------- ----------------- -------- -------- j
2
44 h o u r s ------------------------------------------ ----------- ------4 4 V h o u r s ______________________________________
2
45 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s . . . ----- -------- ------- ------------48 h o u r s ________________________________________
O v e r 48 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------37

100
6
(2 )
84
(2 )
2
(2 )
4
1
2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

.

20

.

3
97
-

_

_

_

81
5

-

100
■

100

2
82
1
4
4

-

75
-

91
2

-

-

-

4

7

"

-

8

.

_

15
“

10

3

100
“

100

100

100

_

_

-

9
1

10

-

100

90

77

100

-

80
1
6
-

O fficew orkers
Al l w o r k e r s ________________________________

100

100

100

100

35 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------3 6 V4 h o u r s ------------------ --------------------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s ______________________________________
3 8 V h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------4
40 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------- -------------4 1 h o u r s ________________________________________

2
1
21

4
4

3

8

2

45

1

25
-

74

68

50

34
58




1
2

1

(2 )

D a t a r e l a t e t o p r e d o m i n a n t w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r f u l l - t i m e d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s in e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
L e s s t h a n 0.5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d i n g ,

s u m s of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y n o t e q u a l 100.

100

_
2

96
2

_
13

_

Table 14. Folding paperboard boxes: Shift differential provisions
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s by s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l p r o v i s i o n s , 1 U n i t ed S t a te s an d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
Uni ted
S t a te s

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l ,

Ne w
England

M id d l e
Atlantic

Border
S t a te s

Southeast

Southwest

Great
Lakes

Midd le
We st

78. 4
78. 4
78. 4
14. 3
_
_
_
_
15. 6
_
48. 5
_
_
_
_

94. 4
91.8
91.8
3. 1

100. 0
100. 0
95. 2

90. 5
90. 5
76. 3

_
8. 5

3. 3
10. 5

66.
66.
66.
14.

P acific

Se c o nd s h if t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s hav ing
s e c o n d s h i f t p r o v i s i o n s ________________________
W ith s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l - ______ _________________
U n i f o r m c e nt s p e r h o u r __________________
5 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------5 V c e n t s -----------------------------------------------2
6 c e n t s _________________________________
7 c e n t s _________________________________
l l/z c e n t s _______________________________
8 c e n t s _________________________________
9 c e n t s _________________________________
10 c e n t s ________________________________
11 c e n t s ________________________________
12 c e n t s ________________________________
1 2 V2 c e n t s _____________________________
1 3 V2 c e n t s --------------------------------------------15 c e n t s ________________________________
20 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ______________________
5 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------7 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------9 V p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------2
10 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------F u l l d a y ' s pa y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ________
O th er f o rm a l pay d ifferential
Wit h no s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l
.......

90. 9
88. 5
76. 3
4. 9
1. 7
2. 0
5. 2
.2
17. 9
1. 7
30. 8
3. 5
3. 5
2. 4
.6
1. 6
.2
10. 3
1. 1
2. 0
1.7
5. 6
. 1
1. 9
2. 4

85. 9
85. 9
85. 0
2. 6
_
2. 7
_
18. 1
30. 3
14. 2
5. 3

93. 5
92. 4
60. 4
3. 7
5. 7
2. 8
5. 5
13. 3
3. 5
23. 1

-

-

_
_
2. 7
_
29. 5
3. 7
6. 8
_
19. 0
_
2. 4
1. 1

_
_
_
_
21.0
_
_
21. 0
_
_
_
8. 6

80. 1
73. 9
73. 9
12. 2
_
_
2. 7
_
37. 6
_
18. 4
_
2. 9
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
6. 2

79. 1
78. 2
64. 7
.6
.6
.4
9. 8
1. 0
8. 7
.7
3. 3
2. 3
24. 5
3. 9
.6
.5
4. 4
1. 7
.9
•9
10. 5
.7
1. 1
1. 7
1.9
5. 2
.5
2. 5
1. 0

66.6
66. 6
66. 6

81. 5
81. 5
53. 6

95. 1
95. 1
65. 4
_
_
.
36. 1

69. 5
66. 8
66. 8
_
_
_
12. 2

6. 3
3. 9
1. 5
_
-

_
-

.9
_

-

95. 1
86. 4
65.4
8. 9
_
3. 9
_
_
33. 4
_
19. 2
-

2. 6
13. 2
12. 9
2. 6
51. 7
_
3. 9

38.
6.
30.
11.

2
5
3
7

28. 9

4. 8

2 14. 2

94. 8
94. 8
72.4
_

87. 2
87. 2
58. 8

5. 6
28. 0

1. 7
_
_
_
_

2. 6

-

T h i r d o r o t h e r l a t e s h if t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ' h a vin g t h i r d - or
o t h e r l a t e - s h i f t p r o v i s i o n s ____________________
W ith s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l ________________________
U n i f o r m c e nt s p e r h o u r ---------------------------5 c e n t s _________________________________
7 c e n t s _________________________________
8 c e n t s ------------------------------------ ------------10 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------11 c e n t s ________________________________
12 c e n t s ________________________________
12 V2 c e n t s _____________________________
13 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------14 c e n t s _____________ ____ _____________
15 c e n t s ________________________________
16 c e n t s ________________________________
16V2 c e n t s _____________________________
1 9 c e n t s ________________________________
20 c e n t s ________________________________
22 c e n t s ________________________________
24 c e n t s ________________________________
25 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ______________________
5 p e r c e n t ______________________________
6 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------9 V p e r c e n t ------------------------------- -------- --2
10 p e r c e n t _____________________________
15 p e r c e n t _____________________________
F u l l d a y ' s pa y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ________
O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------With no s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ____________________




-

-

-

_
_
3. 7
3. 4
6. 3
_
4. 8
6. 6
22. 0
_
_
6. 8
27. 8
3. 7
_
6. 5
17. 7

-

_
27. 3
22. 3
6. 3
5. 5
5. 3
_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

s u m s of in di v i d u a l i t e m s m a y not e q ua l t o t a l s .

6. 5
17. 8

6. 6

_

_

_
_

9. 2

_

_

_

7. 2
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
29. 7
8. 6
_
21. 0
_
.
_

_

_
11. 0
31. 3
_
_
2. 9

_
52. 5
_

_
_

2. 9
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

12. 7
11.7
8. 5

38. 6

28. 0

7. 1

5. 6
10. 5

5. 0
28. 0

_
_

_

_

14. 7

_

_

_

_

_
9. 5
2 12. 9

_

2. 7

2. 6
'

B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g ,

77. 8
75. 2
75. 2
_
2. 5

3. 9
18. 1

1 R e f e r s to p o l i c i e s of p l a n t s e i t h e r o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h if t s o r ha v in g p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 C o m b i n a t i o n p l a n s p r o v id i n g full d a y ' s p a y f or r e d u c e d h o u r s p lu s c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d i f f e r e n t i a l .
NOTE:

8
8
8
3

2 28. 4

Table 15. Folding paperboard boxes: Shift differential practices
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s o n l a t e s h i f t s b y a m o u n t of s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
United
S tates

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l

New
England

U nited S tates and re g io n s ,
M iddle
A tlantic

M a r c h 1970)

B order
S tates

So u th e ast

Southw e st

G reat
Lakes

M iddle
W est

24.6
23.7
2 3 .7
“
1.1
3.9
4 .4
.8
11.8
1.1
.8
“
-

23.5
23 .5
22.9
2 .8
10.9
9.1
■
■
■
~
■
“

P acific

S econd shift
W o r k e r s e m p l o y e d o n s e c o n d s h i f t ---------------------R e c e i v i n g s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------------U n i f o r m c e n t s p e r h o u r -----------------------------5 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------5V2 c e n t s ------------------------------------- ------------6 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------

23 .2
22 .5
19.9
1.0
.5
.6

8 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------

5.7
.5
7.1
1.1
1.0
.2

1 .6

10 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------11 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------12 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------12 V2 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------I3V2 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------20 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ------------------------------------5 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------7 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------9V2 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------F u l l d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s -------------O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------R e c e i v i n g n o s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l -------------------------

( *)

.5
C)

2.1
.3
.4
.5
.9
( *)

.4
.7

2 4 .2
22.5
22.5
3.9
.8
12.2
4 .7
.8
-

3.1
.6
.2

23.5
2 0 .7
1 3 .7
4.0
.6
6. 9
2.2
7 .0
7 .0
2 .8

5.0
5 .0
4.4
.1
1.1

2 .2
2.2
-

-

-

11.3
1 1. 2
11 .2
1.1
1.1

22.9
22.9
22.5
.7
5. 9
8.1
5 .3
1.4
.4
.2
.4
.4
"

22.6
22.4
1 6 .4
.8
1.8
.6
1.8
4 .5
1.1
4.6
1.1
5.4
.9
1.4

4.7
4 .7
4 .7
1.7
2. 6

2 1 .7
2 1 .7
2 1 .7
5 .9
15 .8
“

~
1.8

-

■

-

“
■
■
.9

.7

19.5
19.5
16 .4

■
3.3
1.0
9.1
3.0
“
"
~
“
“

_
_
3.0
“

T h i r d o r o th e r late shift
W o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on t h i r d o r o th e r
l a t e s h i f t --------------------------------------- --------------------------R e c e i v i n g s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------------U n i f o r m c e n t s p e r h o u r ------- ------------------ —
10 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------11 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------12 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------13 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------14 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------16 c e n t s ___________________________________
19 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------20 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------22 c e n t s —__________________________________
2 4 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------25 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ------------------------------------5 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------6 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------9V2 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------F u l l d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s -------------O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------R e c e i v i n g n o s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ........ ................... —




1

Less

NOTE:

than

0.05

Because

6.2
6.1
5.5
.4
.3
.5
.2
.2
2.2
1.0
( *)

.3
.2
.1
.2
.4
(l )
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1

-

.1
.6
1.9
-

.2
.3
-

percent.
of r o u n d i n g ,

sum s

of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s

-

.6
-

.6
.3
.3
-

-

2.2
2 .2
2.2
"
-

5.8
5.5
5 .5
1.1
.5

11.7
11. 7
8 .6
“
'

.8
2 ,8

8 .1
8.1
7.0
“
“
“

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

-

2. 2

3.9

5 .0

1.3

7 .9

-

-

-

-

■
-

2 .7

-

2 .2
.3
1.9
-

-

.6
.5
~
.1

“
“
“
“
-

-

“
■
“
“

_
.3

“
~

-

~

■
“
“
“
"
1.7
1.4

3.0
~

_

“
“
“
~
1.0

Table 16. Folding paperboard boxes: Paid holidays
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s

in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a id h o li d a y s ,
United
S tate s

N u m b e r of paid h o lid ay s

New
England

M iddle
A tlantic

U nited S ta tes and re g io n s ,

B order
S tates

S outheast

M a r c h 1970)

Southw est

G reat
Lakes

M iddle
W est

Pacific

Production w o rk ers
A ll w o rk e rs -

____

__

____

__

- _ ...

100

W o r k e rs in estab lis h m e n ts providing
paid ho lid ay s . . .
___________________ _________
U n d e r 5 d a y s ----------- ---------------------------------- . .
5 d a y s . . . --------------------- ------ ------------------------5 d ay s plus 1 o r 2 half days
--------------------6 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s p l u s 1, 2, o r 3 h a l f d a y s --------------------7 d ay s ...
____________ ______________ __________
7 d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ___
_____________ _ .
7 d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ---------------------------------8 d a y s ...
...
------------------------------- -------------------8 d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y -------------------------- ---------8 d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s __________ _____________
9 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------9 d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y -------------------------------------9 d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s . . ___ ________________
10 d a y s ------------------------------------------------- -------------10 d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s _________________
11 d a y s . ------------------------- ---------------- -----------------11 d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s --------------- --------------W o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g no p a i d
h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------

99

1
1
1
5
1
7
2
7
22
1
2
34
3
2
5
1
5
1
1

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
.
5
5
1
2
3
39
11
6
21
7
-

100
_
3
19
34
43

98
5
4
2
12
15
9
11

95
_
.
24
25
.
31

100

100
_
_
5
_

100

_
_
_
_
_
.

_
39
_

_

_
«
_

_
16
.
_
_

-

100
.
4
.
2
7
18
5
2
21
6
5
9
1
16
5

-

"

"

2

_
.
4
2
7
2
3
27
_
_
56

_
_

_
_
24
8

_

18
45
_

_
_

_
_
3
2
3
56
_
27
_
4
5

„

_

_
_

_
5

-

-

-

O fficew orker s
A l l w o r k e r s _______ ____

.

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s pro v id in g
p a i d h o l i d a y s ___
.
_ ______
U n d e r 5 d a y s ------------------- . . .
_____ ____. . .
5 d a y s _ ----------------------------- ----------------------- -- .
5 d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s ___ _______ ____
6 d a y s ----._ _______________ _______________
6 d a y s p l u s 1, 2, o r 3 h a l f d a y s . . ____. . . __
7 d a y s --------------------------------- --------------------- -----7 d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y . ---------------------------------7 d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ----------------------------------8 d a y s -------------------------------------. . . ___________
8 d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ___________ ____________
8 d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s _______________________
d a y s -------------------------. . . __________________
d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _________________________
d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s -------------------------------- 10 d a y s . . - __________________ _____ __________ . . .
10 d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s . _______________
11 d a y s . .
-------------------------------------------- .. .
W o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g no p a i d
h o l i d a y s . . _____________ - _____ ______________

99




...

_.

9
9
9

Less
NOTE:

.

______

(M
(M
i

4
1
6
2
8
24
3
4
33
5
4
2
1
3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
_
_
3
3
1
1
3
33
20
15
15
5
_

100
_

100
_
_
_
2
_
20
_
35
44
_
_
_
_

99
1
2
1
7
_
7
11
_

100
_
3

100
_
_

100

100

20
_
20

6
3
6
(M
2
26
3
„
53

_
1
_
1
12
22
6

(M

of r o u n d i n g ,

s u m s of in d iv id u a l i t e m s

(M
8

_
_
_

_

_
59
_
.

_
_
1

t h a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
Because

9

22
11
6
1

9

m ay not equal to tals.

_

5
40

_

_
11

_
_
_
_

_
14

_
_

_
3
_

19
16
19
28
_
_
_

_
12
1
2
72

_
8
4

Table 17. Folding paperboard boxes: Paid vacations
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c ti o n

a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a i d v a c a t i o n s ,

V acatio n policy

U nited
S tates

New
England

M iddle
A tlantic

U nited S tates and re g io n s,

B order
S tates

S o u th east

M a r c h 19 70)

S o u th w est

Great
Lakes

M iddle
W est

P acific

Production w o rk ers
A l l w o r k e r s ----------------- -------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
82
17

100
87
13

100
88
12

100
96
4

96
65
31

95
74
21

100
69
31

100
100

100
100

1

"

"

4

5

82
10
8

75
17
8

67
20
13

88
12
_

91
6

95
-

86
5
10

100
-

100
-

11
3
73
6
2
4
1

13

6
6
60
8
6
12
4

30
_

71
17
_
_
-

58
12

15
_
79
3

43
_
52
-

1
7
89
3

28
72
-

3
97
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1.
71
8
1
1
2
11
6

88
12
_
-

91
3
3
-

12
84
_
_
-

91
8
1
-

100
-

100
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

5
_

36
39
25
_
_
_
_

24
8
62
_
3
_
_

12
40
_
44
_
_
_
_

11
2
79
8
-

24
76
-

9
91
-

10
12
57
_
21
_
_

16
_
41
_
40
_
_

12
31
_
15
_
38
_
-

4
_
46
8
42
-

53
47
-

6
29
65
-

10
12
48
.
30
_
.

14
24
_
58
_

4
10
5
75
3
3

17

6
9

M e t h o d of p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p ro v id in g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s -------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t --------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t — ------ -------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p ro v id in g no
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------- ------- -

"

A m o u n t of v a c atio n p a y 1
A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e :
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------A f t e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :

O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------

4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------A f t e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e : *
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------("V^T 2 a n d iind<aT' ^ w p p V s
"3 Wfifiks
_ _______ ________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------- 4 w e e k s - ___ ____________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _____________________
5 w eeks
_- ___________ ________ - ______
A f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 wppt
2 w e e k s _ _____ _______________ ____________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w eeks
- - _______________________________
OxrAT* ^ smrl ivnrlpr A wflftVfl
. ..
4 weeks
___
_________________________ _____
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________ ________- __
^ WP.fllffl
........
..
_
___
A f t e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
\ \x =
re >
? \X ****!{■
7
«
.
.
____
(~iy°r 2 an<^ n u d ^ r ^ w p p V s
3 weeks
__
_ ______________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________________
4 wpplrs
_
_______________
D i m f 4 anrl l i n d p r 5 w pp lf s
5 w eeks
- ____________________________________
A f t e r 20 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :




2 weeks
___ ____________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __ __________________
3 w eeks
_______________________________ _____
% pnH nn Hftr A wp.ftkfi ~
... ...
_
4 w eeks
___ _________________________
4 ^n nnHpr ^ wppks
.
____
5 w e e k s _ _ _ ______________ _ _ _______________ _

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d of t a b l e ,

1
(2 )
85
7
1
<2 )
1
3
2

2
81
17
_
_

1
15
5
66
6
1
3
2

2
18
4
59
17

1
7
1
46
7
33
4
2

2
11

1
5
1
16
1
64
8
3

_
_

54
17
16

66
9
4
11
6

1
_

_

49
10
22
12
7

2
6
_

1
_

11
_

10
_

64
17

63
20
7

-

12
17
29
-

38
-

-

-

83
-

80
5

-

Table 17. Folding paperboard boxes: Paid vacations— Continued
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n

and o ffic e w o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p ro v is io n s fo r paid v a c a tio n s ,
U nited
S ta tes

V acation policy

New
England

M iddle
A tlantic

U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 19 70 )

B order
S tates

S o u th east

S outhw est

Great
Lakes

M iddle
W est

Pacific

P r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s — C ontinued
A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y 1— C o n t i n u e d
A f t e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e : 3
1 w e e k — _______________________ ___ _
2 w e e k s _____ __________ ____________ _____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____ _____
_ _ ___
3 w e e k s -----------------------------_ __ _ _ ____ _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s . — .. _ ___
-------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ____ _ _____
5 w e e k s _____ . . . _ . . . . . .
_____ _ . . .

1
5
1
9
(2 )
46
9
27

2
6
7
_
36
17
33

_
1
_
6
51
20
23

_
10
12
4
_
74
.

_
14
_
19
_
29
3
31

_

12
17
_
29
_
_
_
38

_
4
_
7
2
50
6
31

_
_
17
_
77
_
6

_
6
.
9
'

22
_
63

O fficew orker s

A l l w o r k e r s _____________

...

. . . __ ____

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1

100
100

100
99
1

100
100
-

100
100

100
100

100
99
1

100
100
-

100
100
-

M e t h o d of p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s _______________ . . ______. . . -------______________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ____
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _____ ____________________

-

A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y 1
A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k . . . _____ . .
. . ______ . . .
______
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____ .
_____
2 w e e k s _________________________________________
A f t e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k -----. ._ _______ . .
___ ______ .
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____ _ ._ ___ _
2 w eek s ...
__________ ____ ______
____ _
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______ . . __ . . . _ _
3 w e e k s _.
____ __ _
_____ .
O ver 3 w eeks. .
...
. .
---- ._ ________
A f t e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 week
. . _______ _________
____ . .
_
2 weeks .
________ _____________ ___________
O ver 2 and under
w e e k s ____ _. __ .
3 w e e k s ...
. . . __________
______________
Over
w e e k s . . . ....
_ .
_ . . . . . ._
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k . . . ----------------------------. . . ---------2 w e e k s ------------------- ------- . . . -------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks
..
...
. .
3 w e e k s _ . . -------------. ____. . . . ------Over 3 w eeks.. . . .
..
___ . . . . . . .
A f t e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k _____________ _.
_______________________
2 w e e k s ._ ___ . .
_____ _______ _ . . .
3 w e e k s ___ __
_____
__________________ .
O ver 3 and under
weeks
---------- . . . .
4 w e e k s . . . ._ ___
_.
..
______________ _
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____ . . . ______ ____ _________




3

3

4

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d of t a b l e ,

47
(2 )
53

60
40

46
1
53

71
.
29

34
_
66

85
_
15

41
.
59

55
_
45

32
_
78

5
(2 )
93
1
1
(2 )

5
.
95

2
1
96
-

2
_
91
_
7
_

8
_
91
1
_
_

34
_
66
_
_
_

4
_
94
2
_
_

14
_
86
_
_
_

99
_
_
.

1
97
1
1
(2 )

1
99
_
_
_

1
19
3
76
1

1
18

1
11
54
1
33
(2 )

-

_
_

3

78
_
1
9
81
_
9

(2 )
1

1
_

-

-

98
_
_
2

88
_
12
_

1
98
1
_
_

8
85
_
7
_

98
2
_
_

100
_
_
_

.
94
_
6
_

-

14
30
56
_

1
24
2
72
_

8
34
_
58
_

.
15
4
80
2

.
11
_
89
_

.
]2
_
88
_

_
8
44
_
48

1
9
28
_
61

8
34
_
58

_
7
59
2
32

_
_
64
_
36

_
11
39
_
50

21
.
77
2
16
63
20
1

Table 17. Folding paperboard boxes: Paid vacations---- Continued
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a i d v a c a t i o n s , U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 19 70 )
U nited
States

V a catio n policy

New
England

M iddle
A tlantic

B order
S tates

S o u th east

S outhw est

G reat
Lakes

M iddle
W est

P acific

O f fic e w o rk e r s — C ontinued
A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y 12 C o n t i n u e d
—
A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
week
- .
-----------weeks
_ _ _ _ _
-- - - - - 3 weeks
_ - _
- - - - __
__ —
4 w eeks. _ _ - _ _
-.
— ..
- __ _
------- -Over 4 w eeks,
- .
A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e : 3
week
_ _ -_
w e e k s ___________ —
.
______
_____
3 w eeks
------- _ _
—
4 w eeks ,
___
—
- -----------------O ver 4 and u n d e r 5 w e ek s
___ _______ ______
5 w eeks - _ _ ______ _____

1
2

1
2

1
1
0
2
2
6
6
1
1
1
0

1
6
9
85
-

1
6
6

15
44

53

28

35

1

-

-

1
6

-

8

23
60

31
60
-

16
19
47

-

79

17

1
1

1

1

8
2
-

1
8
25
65
-

1
8
24
13

1

53

8
25
9
51
7

8
25
9
_
-

58

-

7

2
0
71
2
7

-

47
53
-

-

1
1
1
2
77
-

1
1
1
2

1
1
54
2

39
42
-

-

25

19

49

28

1 V a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , s u c h a s p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u i v a l e n t t i m e b a s i s . P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y
r e f l e c t t h e i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s i n p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s m a y i n c l u d e c h a n g e s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
2 L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
3 V a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s w e r e v i r t u a l l y t h e s a m e a f t e r l o n g e r p e r i o d s of s e r v i c e , e x c e p t t h a t i n t h e S o u t h e a s t 31 p e r c e n t of t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s a n d 51 p e r c e n t of t h e
o f f i c e w o r k e r s w e r e i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g 6 w e e k s o f v a c a t i o n p a y a f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g ,

s u m s of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

Table 18. Folding paperboard boxes: Health, insurance, and retirement plans
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n

an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith s p e c if ie d h e a lth ,
U ni t ed
S t a te s

T y p e of pl an 1

insurance,

New
England

and r e t i r e m e n t p lan s,

Middle
At la ntic

Border
S t a te s

U nited S ta tes and r e g io n s ,

Southeast

Southwest

M a r c h 1970)
G re a t
Lakes

M i d dl e
We s t

Pacific

P r od u c ti on w or k er s
A ll w orkers-

---

- __

-

„

______

_ _______
_

W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s pr ov i di n g:
___ ___________ ___ _______
L i f e i n s u r a n c e _______
No nc on tribu to ry plans _ . — —
— —_ _ _
_
__ _
_
_
A c c i d e n t a l d ea t h and d i s m e m b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e — ___
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s „
„ - _
_
____ _______ „
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e or
s i c k l e a v e or bot h?
_ ____
_
_____ _
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s _ - — ____ . . . ________
S i c k l e a v e (f ul l pa y, no w ai t i n g pe ri od )
- _ _ „
_
_
______
S i c k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y or w ai t in g pe ri od ) H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _ —. ____
_
____ _ _
_
_
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ........... .
..........
_ „ _
_
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e - - . „ _- _ _
_ _
_
_
__ _ ____
_
_
_
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s —
- _ _
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e - - -- .
.. . ________ ______
Non cont rib uto ry pla n s— —
- - ______
____ ____ „
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ____
___ ____
_
_
___ _
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____
_______________ _____
R etirement plans3 - - - - - — ______— ________ _ _
Pensions —
------------- —
______________
_
_
_
______ _________ ___
Nonc on tribu to ry plansSe v e r a n c e pay _ - _
_
___________
___ _______
N o p l a n s ____________
______ ____________________
_

10
0

10
0

97
75
71
58

98
73
81
64

83
80
65

90
90
71

83
81
78

3
99
73
98
73
92
70
67
49
82
81
69
3

98
56
98
56
98
56

3
99
94
99
94
93

2

(4 )

6

6
6
24
93
93

8
8
_
2

10
0

10
0

10
0
8
8

10
0

74
70

2

8
8

46
40
93
93
73
3
-

99
85
84
94
94
91
_
_
91
78
91
78
79
78
64
63
73
73
73
_
-

10
0
93
53
73
43

10
0
10
0
63
67
41

60
59
46

65
65
24

_

_

1
10
0
48
10
0
48
85
48
79
48
53
49
37
4
-

10
0
63
10
0
63
10
0
63
85
54
64
64
64

10
0

10
0

91
60
62
41

95
80
50
41

98
98

90
90
76

6
6
3
2
10
0
61
10
0
61
92
58
76
55
79
76
61

6

_

95
69
95
69
95
69

6
6
53
95
95
85
_

-

10
0
10
0
97
80
76
48
17

1
0

5
26

10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
92
92
97
97
97
-

O ff ic e w o rk e r s
A ll workers

___

_

W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s pr ov i di n g;
L ife i n su r a n c e_
_
___
______
_ ___ ____________
_
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s _____
_
______
_____ _
_ A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h and d i s m e m b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e - __
_
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ____ _
_ - _____
___ _
_
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e or b o t h 2____ ____
_ _ _____ _
_
_ _
_
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ______ _ - _ _
_
_ _
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s — ____________ _________
S i c k l e a v e (f ul l pay, no w ai t in g p e r i o d ) - — ___ ____
S i c k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y or w ai t ing pe ri od) _________
Hos pita liza ti on insuran ce
_______ ___ ___________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______
_______ _________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________
________
______
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -------------------------- ---------- ___
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------______
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s - - - _ — ___________
_
. „ _
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------------- --------------------- N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____ _________ ______ ___ ___
R e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 3 - ________ ___ ________________ _
P e n s i o n s — __ ________ _____ ________ _
_ N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s — — _ - _____________ . .
S e v e r a n c e p a y ____ _____ __________ _________
N o p l a n s — .........._
_
_
_ ______ __
_______
_

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

95
70

99
77
58
46

98
74
71

10
0
10
0
8
8
8
8

6
8
56
83
74
54
36
3
96
69
97
70
92
67
82
53
81
80

6
6
2
(4 )

90
74
61

2
0

_

99

6
6
99
6
6
99
6
6
81
37
92
92
92

_
1

6
8
79
69
51
33
4
96
87
96
87
90
78
70
46
76
73
47
4

96
89

8
8

14
7
93

8
6
93
8
6
8
6
8
6
85
85
91
91
87

_

10
0

10
0

97

10
0

85
64

24
50
18

6
8
83
72
54
75

70
70
7

10
0
6
6
10
0
6
6
98
6
6
95
6
6

10
0
2
0
10
0
2
0
10
0
2
0
10
0
2
0

85
82
71
3

75
75
35

_

_
_

_

10
0

10
0

87
58
60
44

97
73
47
33

90
83
54
47

75
69
61

6

91
60
93
61
87
59
85
58
81
81
72

1
1

10
0
10
0
87
76
50
56
48
38
13

2
2
10
0
51
10
0
51
10
0

8
10
0
65
10
0
65
10
0

51
83
45
78
78
52

65
89
54
81
81
81

In c lu d e s only t h o s e p la n s fo r w h ich the e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t p a r t of the c o s t an d e x c l u d e s le g a ll y r e q u i r e d p l a n s s u c h as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n and s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ;
h o w e v e r , p l a n s r e q u i r e d b y S t a t e t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s a r e i n c l u d e d if t h e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d o r t h e e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e b e n e f i t s
ex c ee d in g legal re q u ir e m e n ts .
" N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o nly t h o s e p l a n s fi n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r .
U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l of w o r k e r s in p l a n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s f o r p e n s i o n s o r r e t i r e m e n t s e v e r a n c e p a y s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s t h a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




2
3

Table 19. Folding paperboard boxes: Other selected benefits
( P e r c e n t of p ro d u c tio n

and o ffic e w o r k e r s

in e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a vin g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r f u n e r a l l e a v e p a y and j u r y d u ty p a y,
United
St at es

T y p e of b e n e f i t 1

New
England

M i d dl e
Atlantic

Bor der
S t a te s

S o ut h e a s t

U n i t e d S t a t e s an d r e g i o n s ,

S o u th w e s t

Great
Lakes

M arch

1970)
M i d dl e
West

Pa c if ic

73

84
84

97
62

80
64

77
77

55
39

Pr od uction w ork er s
W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
pr ovisions for:
F u n e r a l l e a v e p a y ................... - ...............- ...............
J u r y d u t y p a y -----------------------------------------------------

8
6
69

95
69

92
63

80
81

6
8
73

58
37

8
8

O ff ic e w o rk e r s
vVorkers i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s wi th
pr ovisions for:
F u n e r a l l e a v e p a y --------------------------------------------J u r y d u t y p a y .......... ....................................... —.........




For

definition

of b e n e fits ,

see

appendix A.

80

6
8

92
76

80
63

81
80

8
6
87

70
52

Part II. Setup Paperboard Boxes
Average hourly earnings
E a r n i n g s of production and re la ted
w o rk e rs in the setup pap erb oard box in ­
d u stry a v e ra g e d $ 2.24 an hour in M arch
1970. (See table 20.) In the M idd le A t ­
lan tic re g io n , w h ere tw o -fifth s of these
14, 725 w o rk e rs w e re em ployed , the a v e r ­
age was $2.31. This com p a red with $ 1.93
in the Southeast, $2.18 in N ew England,
$2.34 in the G re a t L a k es, and $2.67 in
the P a c ific , the other regio n s fo r which
data w e re tabulated sep a ra tely.
P rod u ction w o rk e rs a v e ra g e d 29 p e r ­
cent m o re in M a rch 1970 than in N o v e m ­
b er 1964 ($ 1.73}, when a s im ila r su rvey
was conducted.
In the Southeast, the
a v e ra g e was up 38 p ercen t, som ewhat
above the 28 to 32 p ercen t in c re a s e s r e ­
cord ed fo r the other re g io n s.
P ro d u ction w o r k e r s in m etro p o lita n
a r e a s , n e a rly seven -eigh th s of the in ­
d u s tr y ^ w o rk fo r c e , a v e r a g e d $2.27
an hour— 23 cents m o re than those in
s m a lle r com m u n ities. In the Southeast,
the only re g io n p erm ittin g com parison ,
the d iffe r e n c e in fa v o r o f m etro p o lita n
a re a s amounted to 7 cents ($ 1.96 c o m ­
pared with $ 1 .8 9 ).
Data w e re tabulated
s e p a ra te ly fo r th ree a re a s o f in du stry
con cen tration , which to geth er accounted
fo r three-tenths o f the production w o rk e rs
in the indu stry. E arn in gs in these a rea s
a v e ra g e d $ 2.48 an hour in N ew Y o rk ,
$2.24 in C h icago, and $2.16 in P h ila d e l­
phia. (See tables 24—
26. )
W o rk e rs in estab lish m en ts having at
le a s t 100 em p lo yees a v e ra g e d $2.30 an
hour, 10 cents m o re than those in s m a lle r
estab lish m en ts. The a v e ra g e wage advan­
tage fo r la r g e r estab lish m en ts in each of
the th ree regio n s p rovid in g com parison s
was le s s than 10 cents an hour in the
G re a t Lakes and M idd le A tla n tic re g io n s,
com pared with 26 cents in N ew England.
N ation w ide, a v e ra g e s a ls o w e re h igh er
in union estab lish m en ts than in nonunion




37

plants ($ 2.41 and $ 2.04 ). A v a ila b le data
did not p e rm it re g io n a l com parison s by
union con tract status.
Because o f the in te rre la tio n s h ip of un­
io n iza tio n , loca tion , s ize o f com m unity,
and s ize of estab lish m en t, the exact in flu ­
ence on earnings o f any o f these c h a ra c ­
te r is tic s could not be d eterm in ed in a
study such as this. E stab lish m en ts op­
e r a t i n g under la b o r-m a n a gem en t con ­
tra c ts , fo r exam p le, accounted fo r n e a rly
fo u r-fifth s of the w o rk e rs in e sta b lish ­
m ents em ployin g 100 w o rk e rs or m o re ,
but fo r only tw o -fifth s o f the w o rk e rs in
s m a lle r estab lish m en ts.
W om en m ade up th ree-fifth s of the w ork
fo r c e and a v e ra g e d $ 1.99 an hour; m en
a v e ra g e d $2.61. R eg io n a lly , the wage
advantages fo r m en w e re 16 p ercen t in
the Southeast, 32 p ercen t in the M idd le
A tla n tic , 36 p ercen t in both New England
and the P a c ific , and 43 p ercen t in the
G rea t L a k e s .9
E arn in gs o f n e a rly nine-tenths o f the
w o rk e rs ranged fr o m $1.60 to $ 3 an hour;
the m id d le h a lf o f the w ork fo r c e earned
fr o m $1.85 to $2.43. (See table 21.)
F ifty -t h r e e p ercen t o f the wom en earned
le s s than $2 an hour, com pared with 22
p ercen t of the m en. R eg io n a lly , the p r o ­
portions of the w ork fo r c e earning le s s
than $ 2 an hour w e re 70 p ercen t in the
Southeast, 46 p ercen t in N ew England,
36 p ercen t in the G re a t L a k e s, 32 p ercen t
in the M id d le A tla n tic , and 7 p ercen t in
the P a c ific .
Occupational earnings
The occupational c la s s ific a tio n s in table
22, s ele c te d to re p re s e n t the vario u s a c ­
tiv itie s p e rfo rm e d b y production w o rk e rs ,
c o v e re d s lig h tly m o re than th re e -fifth s of
the in d u stry's w o rk fo r c e in M a rch 1970.
® BLS B u lletin 1478, op. cit.
S ee footn ote 7, p. 7 , Pt. I.

re g io n , o n e -fifth each in New England and
the G re a t L a k e s, and about one-tenth in
the P a c ific .

P rin tin g p ressm en w e re am ong the high­
est paid of the occupational groups studied
s ep a ra te ly : $3.77 fo r o ffs e t p ressm en ,
$3.35 fo r c y lin d e r p ressm en , and $3.07
fo r platen p ressm en . A v e r a g e s a ls o e x ­
ceeded $3 an hour fo r d iem a k ers ($ 3 .5 6 ),
m aintenance m ech anics ($ 3 .6 0 ), ge n era l
u tility m aintenance m en ($ 3.17), and class
A m achine a d ju sters ($ 3 .0 5 ).
V irtu a lly
a ll w o rk e rs in these jobs w e re m en.
Am ong the occupational groups a v e ra g in g
su bstan tially le s s than $ 3 an hour, w e re
o p e ra to rs of autom atic wrapping machines
($2.08), b u n d lers-p a ck ers ($1.99)* c lo s e r s
($ 1 .9 3 ), and catch ers ($ 1 .8 3 ).
M ost of
these w o rk e rs w e re wom en.
W here com p a rison s w e re p ossib le in
a ll fiv e re g io n s , occupational a v e ra g e s
u su ally w e re h igh est in the P a c ific and
u su ally lo w e st in the Southeast. A ls o ,
occupational a v e ra g e s u su ally w e re higher
in estab lish m en ts that had 100 w o rk e rs
or m o re than in s m a lle r establish m en ts
in 2 o f the 3 regio n s fo r which c o m p a ri­
sons could be published; in the M id d le
A tla n tic region , a v e ra g e s ty p ic a lly w e re
h igh er in s m a lle r plants. (S ee table 23.)
E arn in gs of in dividu al w o rk e rs u su ally
v a rie d w id e ly within the sam e job and
lo c a lity . (See tables 24, 25, and 26.) In
both C h icago and N ew Y o rk , fo r exam p le,
$1 or m o re sep arated the h o u rly earn in gs
of the h igh est and lo w e s t paid s c o r e r
o p e ra to rs .

Shift d iffe r e n tia l p ro vis io n s and p ra c ­
tic e s . A p p ro x im a te ly tw o -fifth s o f the
in d u stry's production w o rk e rs w e re in
plants having fo r m a l pay p ro vis io n s fo r
second shift w o rk and o n e-fifth w e re in
plants having th ird - or other la te -s h ift
p ro v is io n s .
(S ee table 29.)
Only about
3Vz p ercen t of the w o rk e rs , h o w ever,
w e re a c tu a lly em p loyed on such shifts at
the tim e o f the study. (See table 30.)
T h ese w o rk e rs u su ally r e c e iv e d extra pay
above d a y -s h ift ra tes fo r s im ila r w ork,
m o s t com m o n ly 10 cents an hour.
P a id h o lid a y s . N e a r ly a ll w o rk e rs w e re
p ro vid ed paid h o lid a ys. (S ee table 31.)
E stab lish m en ts gran tin g fr o m 8 to 11 paid
h olid a ys, annually, e m p l o y e d a p p ro x i­
m a te ly o n e-h a lf o f the produ ction and o f­
fic e w o r k e r s ; those
granting fe w e r than
6 days em p loyed about on e-six th o f the
w o rk e rs in each group. H o lid a y p r o v i­
sions fo r production and o ffic e w o rk e rs
w e re m o s t lib e r a l in the New England and
M id d le A tla n tic regio n s and le a s t lib e r a l
in the Southeast.
P a id v a c a tio n s . P a id vacation s, a fte r
qu alifyin g p erio d s o f s e r v ic e , w e re p r o ­
vided to production and o ffic e w o rk e rs by
n e a rly a ll estab lish m en ts. (See table 32.)
T y p ic a l vacation p ro v is io n s fo r production
w o rk e rs included 1 w e e k 's pay a fte r 1
y e a r o f s e r v ic e , 2 w eek s' pay a fte r 3
y e a rs , and 3 w eek s' pay a fte r 15 y e a rs .
T w o -fifth s o f the production w o rk e rs w e re
in plants p ro vid in g at le a s t 4 w eek s' pay
a fte r 25 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e .
F o r o ffic e w o rk e rs , ty p ic a l p ro vis io n s included 1
w eek a fte r 1 y e a r and 2 w eeks a fte r 2
y e a rs o f s e r v ic e . A t le a s t 3 w eeks o f
vacation pay a fte r 15 y e a rs w e r e a v a ila ­
b le to about o n e-h a lf o f the o ffic e w o rk e rs
and at le a s t 4 weeks o f vacation pay a fte r
25 y e a rs , to n e a rly th ree-ten th s.
Vaca­
tion p ro v is io n s fo r both groups o f w orkers
w e re u su a lly m o s t lib e r a l in the P a c ific
and le a s t lib e r a l in the Southeast.

Establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions
M ethod of w age paym en t. N e a r ly n in etenths o f the production and re la te d w o rk ­
e rs w e re paid tim e ra te s , m o s t com m on ly
based on fo r m a l plans p rovid in g sin gle
ra tes fo r s p e c ific occupations. (See table
27.)
R eg io n a lly , h o w e ve r, the p ercen t
of w o rk e rs paid under such plans v a rie d
g r e a tly — fr o m 4 p erc e n t in the Southeast
and 15 p ercen t in N ew England to 78 p e r ­
cent in the P a c ific .
R ates o f pay d e t e r ­
m in ed p r im a r ily on in dividu al w o r k e r ’ s
qu alifica tio n s w e re m o re p reva len t in the
Southeast and N ew England than in ;the
oth er regio n s studied s ep a ra te ly.
Scheduled w e e k ly h o u rs. W ork sch ed­
ules o f 40 hours a w eek w e re in e ffe c t
fo r n e a rly a ll production w o rk e rs and
fo u r-fifth s o f t h e o ffic e w o r k e r s .
(See
table 28.)
F o r the la tte r , w ork sch ed­
ules o f fe w e r than 40 hours applied to
n e a rly o n e-th ird in the M id d le A tla n tic




H ealth, in su ran ce, and r e t i r e m e n t
p lan s. L if e , h o sp ita liza tio n , and s u rg ic a l
insurance c o v e re d th re e -fo u rth s or m o re
of the production and o ffic e w o r k e r s . (See
table 33.)
B a sic m e d ic a l plans app lied to
tw o -th ird s in each group and a ccid en tal

38

re tire m e n t pension plans w e re financed
w h olly by the e m p lo y e r.
Retirement
s ev era n ce plans, p r o v i d i n g lum p-sum
paym ents at re tire m e n t, w e re v irtu a lly
n onexistent in the indu stry.

death and d ism em b erm en t i n s u r a n c e ,
sickn ess and a c c i d e n t insu rance, and
m a jo r m e d ic a l insu rance a ls o applied
to substantial p ro p o rtion s.
E m p lo y e rs
financed at le a s t p art of the cost of a ll
health and insu rance plans re p o rted , and,
in m o s t in stan ces, they paid the total
cost. R eg io n a lly , the in cidence o f som e o f
these plans v a rie d w id e ly. F o r exam p le,
the p rop ortion s of production w o rk e rs
c o v e re d by m a jo r m e d ic a l plans ranged
fr o m one-tenth in the M idd le A tla n tic r e ­
gion to seven -eigh th s in the P a c ific .
R e tire m e n t p e n s i o n plans, p rovid in g
re g u la r paym ents fo r the' rem a in d er of
the r e t i r e e 1s life (o th e r than F e d e ra l
s o c ia l s e c u rity b e n e fits ), w e re a v a ila b le
to s lig h tly m o re than tw o -fifth s o f the
production w o rk e rs and to s lig h tly m o re
than o n e-th ird of the o ffic e w o r k e r s . M ost




Other s e le c te d b e n e fits . P ro v is io n s fo r
pay w h ile attending fu n erals of the im m e ­
diate fa m ily w e re re p o rte d b y e sta b lish ­
m ents em ployin g tw o -th ird s o f the p r o ­
duction w o rk e rs and s lig h tly m o re than
th re e -fifth s of the o ffic e w o rk e r s. (See
table 34.) P ro v is io n s fo r paying at le a s t
p art o f a w o r k e r 's earn in gs lo s t w hile
he s e rv e d as a ju r o r w e re a v a ila b le to
n e a rly o n e-h a lf o f the production w o rk e rs
and to a little m o re than tw o -fifth s of the
o ffic e p erson n el. The in cid en ce o f these
p ro vis io n s v a rie d substan tially am ong the
re g io n s.

39

Table 20. Setup paperboard boxes: Average hourly earnings by selected characteristics
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s 1 of p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s by s e le c te d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ,
U nited S ta te s 1
2
Item

Num ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

New E ngland
N um ber
of
w orkers

United S tates and s elec ted re g io n s ,

M iddle A tlan tic

A verage
hourly
earnings

Num ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

Great Lakes

S outheast
Num ber
of
w orkers

M a r c h 19 70)

A verage
hourly
earnings

N um ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
ea rnings

P acific
Num ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

14,725
5, 828
8, 897

$2.24
2 .6 1
1.99

2, 60 2
1,048
1,554

$2.18
2.58
1. 90

5, 90 0
2,3 7 0
3,530

$2.31
2.70
2.05

1,664
681
983

$1.93
2 .1 0
1.81

2, 269
793
1,4 7 6

$2.34
2 .9 1
2 .0 3

829
336
4 93

$2.67
3 .1 7
2 .3 3

12,555
2, 170

2.27
2.04

2, 271

2.18
-

5, 60 3

2.30

91 4
750

1.96
1.89

2, 003
-

2 .3 9

829
-

2 .6 7

"

S i z e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t :
20—
99 w o r k e r s ___ _ _ _ ____ ___ __
__ __
100 w o r k e r s o r m o r e __ _ _ _ _ _ _

9, 187
5,5 3 8

2.20
2.30

1,6 6 5
937

2.08
2.34

3 ,993
1,907

2.29
2 .3 6

1,470
-

1.91
-

1, 007
1,262

2 .3 3
2 .3 4

-

L ab o r-m an a g em en t contracts:
E s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith—
M a j o r i t y o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d __ __ _ _ _ _
N o n e o r m i n o r i t y of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d ___

7, 861
6, 86 4

2 .4 1
2.04

-

4 , 25 8

2 .3 9

1, 732

2.40

-

1, 996

A ll production w o r k e rs .
___ ___ _
M e n ___
W o m e n __ _ _______ ____

. . .
______

S i z e of c o m m u n i t y :
M etropolitan a r e a s 3 _
. . . .
N onm etropolitan a r e a s — . . .

1
2
3
January




. . .
___

.. ..
. . .
_________

-

-

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r re g io n s in ad d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a t e l y .
T h e t e r m " m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a , " a s u s e d in t h i s s t u d y , r e f e r s t o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s
1 9 6 8.

NOTE:

-

1,664

2.07

D a s h e s i n d i c a t e no d a t a r e p o r t e d o r d a t a t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

as

-

-

-

1.93

d e f i n e d b y t h e U . S . O f f i c e of M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h




Table 21. Setup paperboard boxes: Earnings distribution
( P e r c e n t d istrib ution of p ro d u ction w o r k e r s by a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , 1 U n ited S t a tes and s e le c t e d r e g i o n s ,

U nited S tates 2
A verage h ourly earnings 1
T otal

M en

W om en

New
England

M iddle
A tlantic

M arch

S outheast

1970)

G reat
Lakes

P acific

Under
$ 1.60
$ 1.65
$ 1.70

$ 1 . 6 0 _________________________________________
a n d u n d e r $ 1.65
_ ------------ —
a n d u n d e r $ 1. 70 __ -_
__
a n d u n d e r $ 1 .7 5 —
— . -

(3 )
3 .0
5.3
5 .4

0.1
1.3
2.9
2.5

4.0
6. 9
7.4

5 .8
3 .8
6 .8

(3 )
1.7
4 .2
4.7

6 .2
10.6
10.5

1.5
.5
2.6

4.7
.6

$
$
$
$
$

1.75
1.80
1.85
1.90
1.95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

1 . 8 0 _____________________________
1 . 8 5 _____________________________
1 . 9 0 _____________________________
1.95 -----2.00 __
- - - - - -

4.4
6.6
5. 4
5.6
4. 9

2. 6
3 .0
3 .0
4.0
2. 2

5.7
8 .9
6 .9
6.7
6 06

6 .2
6 ,6
6.1
5.6
5. 1

2 .8
3.7
5. 5
6.4
2. 9

8 .7
15 .0
9 .4
4 .2
5. 3

3.0
9 .0
2.9
6.3
9. 9

_
1.0
.5
.5

$
$
$
$
$

2.00
2.10
2,20
2.30
2.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

____
2.10 - - .
_.
2 . 2 0 _____
2 , 3 0 —_
__
2.40. _ _
____
__ .
2 . 5 0 — ___

11.9
8.1
5.7
6 .9
4.3

6. 6
6. 5
5 .0
4 .6
4.2

15.4
9 .2
6 .2
8. 4
4.4

12 .4
4.9
5.0
3.9
3.3

12.5
10 .0
6. 1
11.1
4.9

9 .4
5 .8
4.0
2.9
.8

10.7
10.9
7.0
2.6
2.7

6 .8
1.6
10.4
15.0
20 .5

$
$
$
$
$

2.50
2.60
2.70
2.80
2.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2.60—
2 . 7 0 ___ 2.80. _ _ .
2.90 _
3 . 0 0 ----------

3 .8
2 .7
1.9
1.4
1.2

7.2
6. 1
4 .1
3. 1
2.9

1.6
.5
.4
.3
.1

5 .7
4 .1
1.7
2.1
1.0

3.3
2. 2

1.0
2.8

6 .7
3.1
2.4
1.9
2.1

3.1
3.6
2.2
2.1
1.9

$ 3.00
$ 3.10
$ 3.20
$ 3.30
$ 3.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 . 1 0 _ ____
— - — — ___
$ 3 . 2 0 — __
$ 3 . 3 0 _____________________________
$ 3.40_____
$ 3 . 5 0 ______ _
— __
_• ____

1.7
1.3

.1
.1
n
n
(3 )

1.9
1.5
.7
1.5
1.4

1.6
1.2
1.0

.4
.7

1.1
.9

4.1
3 .2
2.0
2.6

2 .7
2.1
1.0
.9
1.0

3.1
1.9
1.4
5.5
1.6

$
$
$
$
$

3.50
3.60
3.70
3.80
3.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3.60- „ _
$ 3.70—
_
$ 3.80—
_____ —_ _
$ 3.90
$ 4.00--.
_ - — ___

1.0
.5
1.3
.5
.3

2.6
1.4
3.3
1.4
.8

(3 )

1.2
.2
.4

1.7
.9
2.3
.9
.3

.4
.7
1.4
.4
.5

.7
.4
1.8
.7
1.1

$ 4.00
$4 .1 0
$4 .2 0
$4 .3 0
$ 4 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 4.10 _
_______ _________
$ 4 . 2 0 ____ ___
_ _ _ _ _ _ __
$ 4 . 3 0 ___ ________- - — — __
$ 4.40 _
- - - - - - - $ 4.50 _ —
____
_ . .

.5
.2
.3
.1
.1

1.1
.6
.8
.3
.3

.5

_
_

.3
.1
_

(3 )

(3 )

.2
.4
.2

.4
.3
.2
.1

1.7
1. 9
1.6
.1
.4

.6

1.5

(3 )

_

.6

_

1.9

1.7

10 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0. 0

100.0

1 0 0. 0

10 0. 0

10 0. 0

10 0. 0

14,725
$2.24

5, 828
$2.61

8, 89 7
$1.99

2, 60 2
$2.18

5,9 0 0
$2.31

1,664
$1.93

2, 269
$2.34

829
$2.67

$ 4 . 5 0 a n d o v e r ----------------

_

__
____
... _

— _____ __
.
_ _ _ __

. .

_
_

„

_ —

_ __
_-

------

T o t a l __________________________________________
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s - A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1-

—
_

-------

---------_ _ _

.8

2
.2

_
-

_

B e c a u s e of ro u n d in g,

1.3
1.3

.8
.7

.1

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
2 In c lu d e s d a ta fo r re g io n s in ad d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

.2
.2

(3 )

2.2

s u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y n o t e q u a l 1 0 0.

and late shifts.

.8
.2
.2
.1
.4

.2
.2
.2
-

.2
_
_
-

Table 22. Setup paperboard boxes: Occupational averages— all establishments
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,
U nited States 2
D epartm ent,

occupation, and sex

P rinting:
P rin tin g p re s s m e n , cylinder p re s s
______ ______
( a l l m e n ) 4 ___________ _
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s ( a l l m e n ) ___ _
T w o-color p re ss-(a ll m en ). - ____
P rin tin g p r e s s m e n , offset p r e s s
(44 m e n , 2 w o m e n )
_ _ ------------------P rin tin g p r e s s m e n , platen p r e s s
(50 m e n , 2 w o m e n ) ____ ____
______
P r in ti n g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and f e e d e r s ,
c y l i n d e r (33 m e n , 5 w o m e n ) 4 ___ _ _ _
T w o - c o l o r p r e s s (20 m e n , 1 w o m a n ) ____
P r in tin g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and fe e d e r s ,
p l a t e n p r e s s (17 m e n , 17 w o m e n ) _ ______
P re p a rin g and assem bling:
B o x m a k e r s , h a n d (1 4 4 m e n , 3 5 8 w o m e n ) . . .
C o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 4 _______
M e n __ __ _ _ _ _ __
____ ___ __ _ _ _
. . .
W o m e n ___ ___ ______ __ —_ _ ___
S ingle c o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ___
_ ________
_____
____
____ _ .
_______ _ ___
M e n ____
W o m e n ________
__ __
_______________
D ouble c o r n e r - c u t t in g - m a c h i n e
_ _ _ _ _ _
__ __
o p e r a t o r s ----- --- __
M e n _________ _ __
_ _____ _ _ _ __
W o m e n ____________________
_______ ___
E n d i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _____
_ _ _ __
M e n __ _
______
__ ______ _
Wom en _ _
__
__
____
___
S i n g l e e n d i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _______
M e n __________ _______ ___ _______ _ — __
W o m e n _______ _ ______ _ ___________
D o u b l e e n d i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ___
M e n __________________ _ ____
_ __
Q uadruple stay in g -m ac h in e o p e ra to rs
( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ______ _ —_
-----------M e n ---------- ------------- ---------------------------W o m e n ------------------------- -------------- ----------Q uadruple stay in g -m ac h in e o p e ra to rs
( o p e r a t e o n l y ) ____
_ _________ ____________
M e n _______ _____ __________ _ _
_ _ _
W o m e n ___ ____ __________ ____ __
__ _
S c o r e r o p e r a t o r s (4 25 m e n , 5 w o m e n ) ______
S i n g l e - s t a y e r o p e r a t o r s (s e t up and
o p e r a t e ) __________ ______________________________
M e n ______ __ __ ______ ______ ____________
W o m e n __________________________ _________
S i n g l e - s t a y e r o p e r a t o r s ( o p e r a t e only)
(3 m e n , 131 w o m e n ) _________ .
__________
F inishing:
C l o s e r s (52 m e n , 1 , 4 5 6 w o m e n ) --------- _ _
S t r i p p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s (16 m e n ,
4 5 8 w o m e n ) -------------------- —
---------- -------- _
W r a p p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ___
___________ _____ _ _ __ _ _ _
M e n ___
W o m e n ___ _____ _
_ _ _____ ____
H a n d f e e d (39 m e n , 853 w o m e n ) -----------A u t o m a t i c f e e d (40 m e n , 779 w o m e n ) ___

S e e fo o tn o te s at e n d of t a b l e .




Num ber
of
w orkers

New E ngland

H ourly e a rn in g s 1
M ean 3

M edian 3

M a r c h 19 7 0 )

M iddle ra n g e 3

N um ber
of
w orkers

M iddle A tla n tic

H ourly e a rn in g s 1
M ean 3

M edian 3

-

M iddle r a n g e 3

-

_

N um ber
of
w orkers

H ourly ea rn in g s 1
M ean 3

M edian 3

M iddle r a n g e 3

30
12
18

$3.56
3 .2 2
3 .7 8

$3.50
3.50

$3.40— 3.68
$
_
_
3 .4 0 - 4.15

123
63
51

$3.35
3 .3 5
3.35

$3.40
3.2 5
3 .4 0

46

3.77

4.25

2 .9 8 - 4.38

-

-

-

-

-

10

4.18

-

52

3.07

3 .0 8

2 . 7 6 - 3 .4 5

11

3.11

-

-

-

15

3 .2 5

3 .2 5

2 . 9 2 - 3 .3 0

38
21

2.52
2.37

2.57
2.5 5

2 . 2 8 — 2 .7 5
2 . 0 0 - 2 .5 8

_

-

_

-

-

20
14

2 .5 9
2 .5 9

2.57
_

2 . 5 5 - 2 .7 4
_
_

34

2.29

2. 2 5

2 . 0 7 - 2 .4 9

-

-

-

-

-

14

2 .4 0

-

502
56 0
356
204

2. 3 5
2 .1 9
2 .2 5
2.09

2. 15
2. 13
2. 15
2.0 5

1.901.901.901.85—

2. 4 9
2 .4 3
2.50
2.28

176
76
41
35

1.89
2.03
2.13
1.91

$1.90
2.00
2.13
1.85

$ 1.77—$ 2 . 0 0
1 .8 5 - 2.13
1 .9 0 - 2.18
1 .8 3 - 2,02

22 4
22 2
166
56

2.78
2 .3 3
2 .3 6
2 .2 4

2 .3 6
2 .2 6
2.38
2 .1 9

2.242.032.002.14-

35 7
249
108

2.20
2 .2 3
2.12

2.1 5
2.1 5
2 .1 0

1 . 9 0 - 2 .4 9
1 .9 0 - 2.50
1 .8 5 - 2.38

42
29
13

2.10
2.15
1.99

2.12
2.18
-

1 .9 1 - 2.19
1 .9 0 - 2.30
_
-

141
105
36

2 .3 7
2 .3 9
2 .3 2

2 .3 9
2 .4 0
2 .3 9

2 . 1 3 - 2 .6 3
2 . 0 0 - 2 .6 5
2 . 1 5 - 2. 3 9 •

144
76
68
154
68
86
108
32
76
46
36

2.17
2. 3 1
2. 0 1
2.16
2.30
2 .0 5
2. 2 1
2.58
2.06
2 .0 5
2 .0 6

2 .0 0
2. 13
1.92
2. 05
2. 15
2.03
2. 05
2 .6 0
2. 0 3
2.0 3
2 .0 0

1.851.901.852 .001.902.032.032 .122.031.881.85-

2.38
2.50
2. 1 5
2.28
2.52
2 .0 9
2.28
3.15
2.10
2. 2 5
2. 2 6

34
_
11
11
11
11
-

1.9 4
_
2.56
2.56
_
2.56
2.56
-

1.85

1 .8 5 - 2.11
_
_
_
_
-

47
41
_
83
17
66
75
17
58
-

2 .2 5
2.30
_
2 .1 9
2 .7 4
2 .0 5
2. 2 1
2 .7 4
2 .0 6
-

1.92
2 .0 8
_
2 .0 5
3 .0 9
2 .0 3
2 .0 5
3 .0 9
2 .0 3
-

1.901.90 —
_
2.032.152.032.032 .152 .03-

201
178
23

2.48
2.54
2.00

2 .5 0
2 .5 8
2 .1 5

2 . 1 5 - 2 .7 5
2 . 2 0 - 2.80
1 . 7 5 - 2 .1 5

36
32
-

2.49
2.54

2.45
2 .5 3
_

2 . 2 0 - 2.68
2 . 2 0 - 2.79

83
80

2 .6 2
2.64

-

-

2 .5 8
2 .5 8
-

2 . 4 0 - 2 .9 1
2 . 4 5 - 2 .9 3
_
_

359
107
252
430

2.10
2.22
2. 0 5
2.74

2.10
2. 1 3
2 .0 0
2 .6 8

1.901.911.902.35-

2 .2 6
2 .4 9
2.18
3.07

45
38
77

1. 8 8
1. 8 4
2.66

1. 90
1.8 9
2.55

1 . 8 5 - 1.94
1 . 7 5 - 1.9 0
2 . 3 5 - 2.90

127
73
54
165

2 .1 9
2 .3 0
2 .0 4
2 .9 9

2. 1 1
2 .3 0
1.93
2.90

1.922.081.922 .67-

227
24
203

2.0 5
2.34
2. 0 2

2.00
2. 1 9
2.00

1 . 7 8 - 2.36
1 .8 0 - 2.50
1.75— 2. 3 6

48
14
34

1.97
2.05
1. 94

1.85
_
1.8 7

1 . 8 0 - 2 .1 0
_
_
1 .7 5 - 2.00

84
10
74

2.2 9
2 .5 0
2 .2 6

2 .3 8
_
2. 3 6

2 . 2 3 - 2.41
_
_
2 . 2 3 - 2 .4 1

134

1.99

1.95

1 . 8 5 - 2. 1 5

-

-

-

28

2.17

2. 1 5

2 . 1 5 - 2. 2 2

$ 2 . 7 5—$ 3 .9 5
2 . 7 4 - 3. 9 5
2 . 6 8 - 3.92

13
13
-

$2.78
2.78
-

-

_
_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

_

-

_

3.5 1
2 .5 5
2 .6 3
2. 3 9

2 .5 0
2 .5 0
_
2.2 1
3 .1 8
2 .0 5
2 .2 8
3 .1 8
2 .0 5
-

2 .4 9
2 .6 6
2. 1 2
3 .3 8

1,508

1.93

1.95

1 . 7 0 - 2 .0 5

323

1.85

1. 80

1 .6 5 - 2.03

6 84

1.96

2 .0 1

1.83— 2 .0 5

474
1,7 1 1
79
1,632
892
819

2 .1 3
2.08
2 .4 2
2. 06
2 .0 6
2 .0 9

2 .2 0
2 .0 0
2 .2 2
2 .0 0
2 .0 0
2. 01

1. 85 —
1.872.001.871.901.87-

21
325

1. 82
2.06

1. 80
1.95

1 . 7 5 - 1.8 0
1 .9 0 - 2.10

-

-

1.9 8
1. 9 8
2.12

1.95
2.00
1.95

27 0
573
29
54 4
342
231

2 .2 6
2 .1 4
2 .1 6
2 .1 4
2. 1 5
2 .1 2

2. 31
2 .2 2
2 .1 8
2 .2 2
2 .2 2
2 .2 2

2.151.902.051.881.901.90 —

2 .3 3
2.28
3.10
2.28
2.27
2.30

-

299
157
168

-

_

1 .8 7 - 2.00
1.85— 2 . 0 0
1 .9 0 - 2.13

2 .3 5
2.3 1
2 .2 2
2. 3 5
2. 3 5
2 .3 0

Table 22. Setup paperboard boxes: Occupational averages— all establishments---- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,
U nited S tates 2
D epartm ent,

occupation, and sex

M iscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A (2 5 8 m e n ,
6 w o m e n ) ---------------------------------- -----_ A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s B (all m e n ) _
B a l e r s ( a l l m e n ) --------- _
--------B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s _____
—
M e n --------------------------- - W o m e n ____ _____ ______
__ -----C a t c h e r s (22 m e n , 2 65 w o m e n ) -------------_________
______ __
D i e m a k e r s (all m e n )
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s --------------_____ ____ — ______ __
M en . . . . _
M ain ten a n ce m e n , g e n e ra l utility
( a l l m e n ) ------------------ -------------------- ------ -----------M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e (all m e n ) . . .
. .
S h i p p i n g c l e r k s (60 m e n , 8 w o m e n ) ---------- ._
R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ( a l l m e n ) . . ------------------------S h i p p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s (1 0 8 m e n ,
3 w o m e n ) _______ . . . _________________ ________
T r u c k d r i v e r s ( a l l m e n ) 5 ------ -------- --------O t h e r t h a n s e m i - o r t r a i l e r _______________
S e m i - o r t r a i l e r __________ __________________

New E ngland

Numb e r
of
w orkers

M ean 3

264
93
93
93 7
194
743
287
22
107
99

$3.05
2.7 9
2 .2 0
1.99
2. 1 8
1.94
1.83
3.56
2.0 3
2 .0 4

$3.10
2.78
2.08
1.95
2.30
1.9 2
1.70
3.46
2.00
2.00

$2.63— 3.34
$
2 .6 0 - 3.12
1 .8 5 - 2.50
1 .7 5 - 2.14
1 .8 7 - 2.37
1 .7 5 - 2.05
1 . 6 5 - 1.91
2 .9 8 - 4.00
1 .7 5 - 2.23
1 .7 5 - 2.24

61
12
17
205
27
178
33
7
13
13

$2.99
2.81
2.39
1.91
2.22
1.86
1.76
3 .1 6
2.02
2.02

98
172
68
20

3 .1 7
3 .6 0
2.6 1
2 .7 4

3.12
3 .6 3
2.52
2 .8 1

2 .6 9 - 3.59
3 . 2 4 - 3.86
2 .2 6 - 2.94
2 .5 4 - 2.83

19
35
6

111
45 9
348
86

2.78
2 .8 9
2 .8 7
2.78

2.7 4
2 .7 5
2 .7 5
2.43

2.252 .102.152 .05-

3.24
3.72
3.72
3.64

7
99
95

H ourly earn in g s 1
M edian 3

M iddle r a n g e 3

N um ber
of
w orkers

"

P rinting:
P rin tin g p re s s m e n , cylinder p re s s 4
___
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s ___ _____
.
. . .
T w o - c o l o r p r e s s . _________. . .
P r i n t i n g p r e s s m e n , o f f s e t p r e s s __ _____
P r i n t i n g p r e s s m e n , p l a t e n p r e s s __ . . . _
P r i n t i n g p r e s s m e n , r o t o g r a v u r e p r e s s --------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s __________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r e s s ____________________________
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r e s s _______________
P r i n tin g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and f e e d e r s ,
c y l i n d e r p r e s s 4 ---------------------------------------- . . .
W o m e n _____________________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r e s s _____. . . . . .
__ . . .
P r in tin g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and fe e d e rs,
p l a t e n p r e s s ------------ .
------ ------- . . . - -----

M id d le ra n g e 3

Num ber
of
w orkers

$3.00
2.50
1. 87
2.42
1.76
1. 70
-

$ 2 . 7 5—$ 3 .2 1
2 . 0 6 - 2.60
1 . 7 0 - 2 .0 3
1 .8 7 - 2.42
1 .7 0 - 2.03
1 . 7 0 - 1.75
-

82
52
17
390
146
244
132
29
28

$3.59
2. 9 3
2 .3 8
2 .0 5
2 .2 0
1.9 7
1.7 2
_
2 .1 0
2 .1 0

$3.55
2 .8 8
2.2 5
2.03
2 .3 7
1.98
1.65
_
2 .0 8
2.0 9

$3.1 6 — 4.00
$
2.7 4— 3. 35
2 .1 2 — 2. 5 0
1.88 — 2.21
1 . 9 3 - 2 .3 7
1 . 8 5 - 2. 1 4
1 . 6 0 - 1.70
_
_
1 . 8 0 - 2. 23
1 . 8 0 - 2. 23

2.97
3.32
2.55

2 .7 5
3.36
-

2 . 6 5 - 3.30
3 . 1 8 - 3 .3 7
-

41
57
31
-

3.29
4.00
2. 5 6
-

3 .5 0
3. 8 2
2.4 6
-

2 . 6 9 - 3. 8 0
3 .5 5 - 4.45
2 . 1 0 - 2. 8 4
-

2.4 4
2.78
2 .7 6

2.65
2.65

2 . 5 3 - 3.12
2 . 5 0 - 2.90

-

~

47
181
145
21

3.0 3
3. 2 9
3 .2 1
3.5 1

3.0 0
3. 7 2
3. 7 2
3.72

2 ,752 .752 .753 .10-

M ean 3

P re p a rin g and asse m b lin g :
B o x m a k e r s , h a n d ------------------------- _
_ .
C o rn er-cu ttin g -m ach in e o p e r a to r s 4
--------M e n _________________ _______ —
. . . .
W o m e n ...
.
____ ___
Single c o r n e r - c u t t in g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s _________ _ _____
_ .
._ __
M en _
. . . .
_ ___ ______
._ ____
W o m e n . _____ ____ . . . . .
----------Double c o r n e r - c u t t in g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ______ ____ . . . . . . . .
M e n ____
_.
_ ____
. . . . . .
Wo m e n _
_____ ___ ___
— ..

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e .




M edian 3

9
9
-

$2.31
2.31
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

M iddle ra n g e 3

N um ber
of
w orkers

M ean 3

-

M edian 3

H o urly e a rn in g s 1
M ean 3

G reat Lakes

H ourly ea rn in g s 1

-

M iddle A tlantic

H ourly e a rn in g s 1

S outheast
N um ber
of
w orkers

M a r c h 1 9 70 )

"

35
9
-

N um ber

M edian 3

w orkers

M iddle ra n g e 3

H o urly e a rn in g s 1
M ean 3

M edian 3

$3.94
-

-

-

14

-

-

9
7
-

$4.19
3 .8 9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

18
81
59
22

1.78
1.87
1.90
1.81

$1.65
1. 80
1. 80
1.85

$ 1.65— 1.95
$
1.7 0 - 2.00
1 .7 0 - 2.00
1 . 7 0 - 1.85

64
46
18

1.82
1.84
1.78

1.80
1. 80
1. 70

1 . 7 0 - 1.91
1 . 7 0 - 1.95
1.66— 1.85

59
27
32

2.25
2.38
2.14

2.22
2.50
2.07

2 . 0 7 - 2 .5 0
2 . 1 5 - 2 .5 0
1 . 9 8 - 2. 2 8

15
13
-

2 .6 6
2. 6 3
-

2.71
_
-

11
7

2 .0 8
2. 1 7

-

24
13
11

2.32
2.34
2.30

2.29
-

2 . 0 9 - 2 .4 6
-

6

3 .0 1

-

-

_

-

-

M iddle ra n g e 3

-

2 .2 3

-

$3.0 7 — 4.69
$
-

52
88
45
43

-

3.3 8
3 .7 2
3 .7 2
4.00

"

$3.90
3.11
-

2.27
2.27
2.35
2.18

M iddle ra n g e 3

P acific

H ourly ea rn in g s 1
M ean 3

M edian 3

"

2.28
2.22
2 .4 1
2.10

2.052 .072.15—
1.99-

2 .5 0
2 .5 0
2 .5 0
2. 2 9

16
27
16
11

2. 6 1
2 .6 9
2 .8 0
2 .5 1

$2.48
2 .6 4
2. 71
-

$ 2 . 4 7— 2 .5 6
$
2 . 4 4 - 2 .7 5
2 . 6 4 - 2 .7 7
_
2 . 6 4 - 2 .7 5
_
_
_
_

_

Table 22.

Setup paperboard boxes:

Occupational averages---- all establishments---- Continued

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 19 70 )
S outhe ast
D epartm ent,

occupation, and sex

P r e p a r i n g and a s s e m b lin g — C o n tin u e d
E n d i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ______
_
__ __ _
M e n . . ___ ______________________ _ _ _ _
W o m e n ___
___ ______ _
__ __ ______
S i n g l e e n d i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ----M e n ___________ _ __ __ __ ____ _ _
W o m e n _______ _ ____ .
--------- _ _
D o u b l e e n d i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ________
M e n ______________ ________ __________________
Q uadruple stay in g -m ac h in e o p e ra to rs
( s e t u p a n d o p e r a t e ) ___________________________
M e n ____________________________________ ____
W o m e n _________ _ _ _ ___ _____ _ ______
Q uadruple stay in g -m ac h in e o p e ra to rs
( o p e r a t e o n l y ) ______________
. _
____
M e n ___ __
_
________ __
_ ________
W o m e n __ ----- ---------------------------------— ____ ___________
S c o r e r o p e r a t o r s ________ S ingle - s t a y e r o p e r a t o r s (se t up and
operate)
. .
_____ _ _ _ _ __ _____ __
M en.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _
W o m e n ___ __
___
_ _ ----------------S i n g l e - s t a y e r o p e r a t o r s ( o p e r a t e only)
F inishing:
C l o s e r s _______ ___________
_____ _____ _
___
S t r i p p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _______________ _
W r a p p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ___
M en _ _
_ _ _ ________
_ _
W omen . . . .
_ _ .
_____
H a n d f e e d ----- _ _
-------— ------ --------A u t o m a t i c f e e d ------ ------------- --------------------------Mi s c e lla n e o u s :
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A __
__________
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s B ---------- _ --------B a l e r s ( a l l m e n ) -------------------------------- ---B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ------------ _ ________
______
M e n ____________ ____ ____
_ - __
______
W o m e n ___ _
_ ____ _ _ _________ _____
C a t c h e r s -------------------_ --------- ----------D i e m a k e r s ________ _______ _____
_______ _____
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s _____________
M
e n ______ _______
______________
M a i n t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ___
--------M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___ --------------------------S h i p p i n g c l e r k s ______
____________________ _ _
R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s -----_ _ _ _ _ _ _
S h i p p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s --------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s ( a l l m e n ) 5 ----------------—
O t h e r t h a n s e m i - o r t r a i l e r -----------------------S e m i - o r t r a i l e r ---------___ _
_
------

1
2
3
4
5

N um ber
of
w orkers

M ean 3

M edian 3

M iddle ra n g e 3

H o u rly ea rn in g s 1
M ean 3

M edian 3

M iddle r a n g e 3

N um ber
of
w orkers

H o u rly e a rn in g s 1
M ean 3

M edian 3

M iddle ra n g e 3

$2.04
2. 0 6
2. 0 6
2 .0 6

$2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

$ 1.81 —$ 2 . 2 5
1 .8 5 - 2.28
1 .8 5 - 2.30
1 .8 5 - 2.30

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
6
6
-

$2.47
2 .4 7
2.47
2.47
-

-

-

48
40
-

2.18
2. 2 6
-

2 .0 0
2.20
_

1 . 8 5 - 2 .6 3
2 . 0 0 - 2 .6 3
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
_
71

1.84
_
2.1 1

1.80
_
_
2.0 5

1 . 8 0 - 1. 80
_
_
_
_
1 . 9 5 - 2.3 0

88
79
57

$2.12
2.11
2 .8 7

$2.10
2.10
2.6 8

$2.0 0 — 2.15
$
2 . 0 0 - 2 .1 0
2 .5 7 - 3.04

42
42
26

2 .3 8
2 .3 8
3. 31

$2.35
2 .3 5
3 .3 2

21

1.7 8

1.75

8
8
-

2.37
2.37

-

_
-

"

"

-

21
16

1.78
1.69

1.75
1.65

1.75— 1.75
1 . 7 5 - 1.75
1 . 6 4 - 1.80

34
34
41

1.9 4
1. 94
2.03

1.8 0
1. 8 0
1.95

1 .8 0 - 2.02
1 .8 0 - 2.02
1 .9 1 - 2.10

153
81
289
277
100
189

1.75
1.83
1.89
1.89
1.86
1. 90

1.75
1.70
1.85
1.85
1.85
1.85

1.6 5—
1.6 5—
1.701.751.701.75-

1.80
2 .0 3
2.00
2.00
1.95
2.04

180
49
308
30 6
175
133

1.93
2 .1 1
2.11
2 .1 1
2.08
2.16

1.95
2.02
2.08
2.08
2.07
2.15

1.751.871.96—
1. 9 6—
1.95—
2 .00-

2.01
2.20
2.22
2.22
2.17
2.28

87
21
64
64
21
43

2. 3 2
2 .4 5
2 .3 6
2 .3 6
2 .2 9
2. 3 9

2 .2 9
2 .4 8
2 .4 2
2 .4 2
2.44
2 .4 2

51
13
28
132
123
17

2.38
2. 3 4
1.79
1.80
1.81
1.73

2 .3 5
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.65

2 . 0 5 - 2.61
1 . 7 0 - 1.85
1 . 7 0 - 1.86
1 . 7 0 - 1.85
1 . 6 0 - 1.85

37
13
18
83
83
8
22
18
13
42
16
9
30
39
27
8

3.07
2 .7 3
2.45
2.17
2.17
3.47
2 .3 1
2.40
3.13
3.50
2.84
2 .8 6
2.66
3.16
3.20
3.20

3.10
2.48
2.10
2.10

3 .0 0 2 .281.951.95-

3.25
2.53
2.48
2.48

13

3 .2 9
2 .4 5
2 .4 2
3 .8 1
4 .0 1
3 .8 9
4.19

$2.31— 2.48
$
2 . 3 1 - 2. 4 8
3 . 2 2 - 3.3 2

-

-

-

22
22
9
14
13
93
51
39

-

-

1.74
1.7 4
2 .5 9
3 .2 2
2.44
1.93
1.82
2. 0 6

-

-

1.70
1.70
1.90
1.80
2. 0 5

-

1.651.65—
1.801.751.95-

D a s h e s i n d i c a t e n o d a t a r e p o r t e d o r d a t a t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




Num ber
of
w orkers

38
35
33
33

-

1.8 4
1. 84
2 .0 6
1.9 0
2.10

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
In c lu d e s d ata fo r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e shown s e p a r a te ly .
S e e a p p e n d i x A f o r m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e m e a n s , m e d i a n s , a n d m i d d l e r a n g e s of e a r n i n g s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i n a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s d r i v e r s w h o o p e r a t e m o r e t h a n o n e t y p e of t r u c k a n d a r e n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

NOTE:

Pacific

Great Lakes

H ourly ea rn in g s 1

-

-

2.36
2 .5 3
3.69
2.94
2.50
3.00
3.64
“

-

2 .012 .1 4 3 .1 9 2 .5 6 2 .052 .7 5 2 .75~

-

2.59
2.61
3.75
3 .1 2
3.00
3 .6 4
3.85

-

40
34
9
27
16
9

2 .282 .422 .402.402.312 .42-

2 .4 8
2. 4 8
2. 4 8

-

-

2 .3 5
2 .3 5
4.15
4.12

2.3 2
2 .4 8
2 .4 8

-

_
2.312.32_
_
4.094.03-

"

M e d i a n s a n d m i d d l e r a n g e s a r e n o t p r o v i d e d f o r j o b s w i t h f e w e r t h a n 15 w o r k e r s in a r e g i o n .

2. 5 4
2 .4 4

4.17
4 .1 5

Table 23. Setup paperboard boxes: Occupational averages— by size of establishment
(N u m b e r an d a v e r a g e

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y s i z e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t ,
Uni t ed S t a t e s

2

U n ite d S t a t e s an d s e le c t e d r e g i o n s ,

N ew Englan d

M arch

Mid dle At lanti c

1970)
Southeast

G reat'Lakes

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h—
Sex,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n

2 0- 99
workers
Num be r A v e r a g e
of
h ou r l y
w o r k e r s e a r ni n gs

10 w o r k e r s
0
10 w o r k e r s
0
10 w o r k e r s
0
20-99
20 - 99
10 w o r k e r s
0
20 - 99
20- 99
workers
or m o r e
or m o r e
workers
or m o r e
workers
workers
or m o r e
N um ber A v e r a g e N um ber A v e r a g e N um be r A v e r a g e N um ber A v e r a g e N um ber A v e r a g e N um ber A v e r a g e N um ber A v e r a g e N umber A v e r a g e
of
of
hourly
ho urly
of
ho urly
of
of
hourly
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
w o r k e r s earnings w o r k e r s earn in gs w o r k e r s earn in gs w o r k e r s earni ng s w o r k e r s earn in gs w o r k e r s earn in gs w or k er s earnings w ork ers earnings

Men
Pr intin g:
----------Pr intin g p r e s s m e n , c ylin d er p r e s s 3
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r e s s _____ _______________
P r e p a r in g and a sse m b li n g :
C o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 3----------Sin gle c o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ___________________________
Double c o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s --------------------------- ---------------------Q uad ruple s t a y i n g -m a c h i n e op e r ator s
(s e t up and o p e r a t e ) _________________ _ _
_
S c o r e r o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------M iscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A _____________
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s B -----------------------J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s __________
M a i n t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ---------------M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e -------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s ____________—
_ _____ _ _
_
_

65
30

10
10

$3.51
3.77

58
33

$ 3 .1 7
2.96

278

2.24

78

2.28

2.23

58

2. 24

6
8

2.29

8

16

-

"

2.13

26

-

"

~

135

2.37

31

2.33

51

1.88

29

2.16

38

191

-

"

"

84

2. 42

21

2.26

39

1.80

2
0

38

2. 29

"

9

2.21

$ 2. 3 8
2.57

53
130

2.61
3 . 01

31

2. 82
-

63
37

36
32
149

3. 64
2.93
2„03
3. 34
4. 19
3. 24

$2.79
2. 79

2.45

-

131
329

2. 55
2. 74

47
96

2.51
2. 74

25
67

169
63
62
73

89
30
37
25
72

3.03
2.83

2.21

41
7

337

3. 10
2.77
1.94
3. 21
3 . 71
2. 75

122

3.04
3.46
3.25

230
130

2.0
1

128
74

2.21

64

2.05

44

2.23

10

1.96

152

2 0
.0

10
0

2.14

32

1 . 87

"

155
96

2 0
.0

48
35

2.10

28

1.8
6

6

2. 29

-

-

-

142
- •
52
42

135

1. 71
1 . 81
1. 95
1.96
1. 95

10

2.08
2.06
2.17

109
31

1 . 75
1.71

-

-

10
0

2. 58

7

2.68

10
2
0

18
67

3. 07
1. 85
2.99
3.14
2. 62

109
30

1.89
1.89

-

-

"

-

71
35

-

11

-

6
8
32

$3.35
-

14
7

$3.79
3. 36

9
9

$2. 31
2 . 31

"
2.89

3.43

-

_

_

.

-

-

-

"

$ 2. 32

16

$2. 38

2.38

7

2.39

2. 29
2.09

31

2. 87

26

38
13

15
27
15

2.82
3.60
3.03

2
2
9
15
24

_
1.98

30
29

2.21

2
0

2.28

2.11

6
6

2. 94
3.13

32

. 3 . 55

85

2.43
2. 33
1 . 73
2. 59
3. 34
1.91

2. 24
2. 23

44

21

2.23
2. 25

19

1.80

14

2
0

2. 35

16

2. 29

15

1 . 76

'

34

2.22

2.09

2
0

1. 96

~

61
16

2. 24

-

-

16

19
15

12

2.92
2.20

-

29

21
9

12

9

10

-

2.8
6
3.24
2. 79
2.33
3.02
3.30
3.24

W omen
P r e p a r i n g and a s s e m b l i n g :
B o x m a k e r s , h a n d ------------ --------------------C o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 3______
Single c o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ____________
_____________
Quad ruple s t a y i n g -m a c h i n e op e rators
( o p e r a t e o n l y ) -----------------------------------------------S i n g l e - s t a y e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up and
o p e r a t e ) ....... ............................. ............. — .............
S i n g l e - s t a y e r o p e r a t o r s ( o p e r a t e o n l y ) ........
Finishing:
C l o s e r s _________________________________
S t r i p p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _______ ____
Wrapping-m achine operators, auto m atic.—
Ha nd f e e d -----------------------------------------------------A u t o m a t i c f e e d ------------------------------ ----------M iscellaneous:
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s _________ _______ ____
C a t c h e r s ------------------------------------------------------------

2.06

1.96

1.8
8

935
282
1, 223
63 7
586

2. 07
2.03
2.05

2.0
0

521
176
409
216
193

435
172

1.89
1.71

308
93

2.09

2.05

•

2.01

161
14
247

2.24
2.15
2.09

2.21
2.0
2
1.97

~

112

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , or l a t e
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in add it io n t o t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
3 . I n c l u d e s d at a f o r w o r k e r s i n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in add it io n to t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

shifts.

D a s h e s i n d i c a t e no d at a r e p o r t e d or d at a t ha t do not m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a ,




2.0
2

445
1 57
488

20
9

2.21
1. 92

2.21
2.14
2.17

198

2.11

121

1. 90
1. 69

1 14

20
2
no

2.04
2. 34

2.10

56
29
27

2. 07
2.13

123

2.03

2.28

31

2.10

48

1 . 76
1. 69

24

1.8
6

10

2.06

19

233
87
146

1.75
1. 82
1. 85
1 . 87
1.83

113
19
143
61
82

1.90
2.08
2.08

2.14

2.14

67
27
163
114
49

112
11

1.68

1 . 81

39

2.35

44

2.0
2

19

16

-

-

145

6
6

2
2

2 0
.0

2. 13

2.0
0
1.99

2.0
1
2.11
2.20

Table 24. Setup paperboard boxes: Occupational earnings— Chicago, 111.1
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
NumSe x,

d ep a rtm en t,

and o c c u p a t i o n

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ------------------------M e n _____________________________
W o m e n __________________________

of
worker s

734
240
494

2of

p ro d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

AverN u m b e r of w o r k e r s r< c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ofe
age
0
$ 1 . 7 5 $1.80 $ 1. 85 $ 1.90 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 $ 2.60 $2. 70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $ 3 .1 0 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3. 70 $3.80 $4.00
ho urly
and
earn$ 1 . 7 5 under
i ng s
$1.80 $ 1. 85 $1.90 $ 1. 9 5 $ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2.60 $ 2. 70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $ 3 .1 0 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $ 3. 70 $3.80 $4.00 o v e r
.0

$2. 24
2.77
1. 98

30
_
30

49

49
_

25
3

40
.
40

2
2

42
13
29

99
4
95

92
16
76

124
16
108

51
23
28

10
3
7

16
14

2

28
25
3

16
1

11
10
1

17

7

6
1

2

1
1

6
6

5
5

_

_

_

-

18
16

3

-

_

1
1

11
11

12
12

-

7
7

12
12

4
4

2
2

15
15

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

"

-

2

-

-

1.
2
1

_

13

1

-

-

-

44
1

S e le c t e d occu pati ons— men
P r e p a r i n g and a s s e m b l i n g :
C o r n e r - c u t ti n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s 3_____________________
Single c o r n e r - c u t t in g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------Double c o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------S c o r e r o p e r a t o r s ________________
Mis cellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A _____
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________
S h i p pi n g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s -------T r u c k d r i v e r s , o t h e r t han
s e m i - or t r a i l e r -----------------------------

25

2. 33

5

3

2

5

2

2

9

2. 43

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

1

11

2. 32
2. 82

.

.

.

.

3

.

.

.

3

_

1

„

.

_

-

8

1

-

2
8

-

4

2

2

_

_

2

-

-

4

-

"

-

29

11
30
18

8

3.28
3.56
2. 49

5

-

-

-

-

3

3

3

1
1

3

1
2

1
_

6
4
-

8

3.89

-

S e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ---- w o m e n
P r e p a r i n g and a s s e m b l i n g :
B o x m a k e r s , h a n d ________________
C o r n e r - c u tt in g -m ac h in e
operators 3
--------------------------------------Double c o r n e r - c u t t in g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------Q uad ruple s t a yin g m a c hine op e rators
( o p e r a t e o n l y ) --------------------------------S in gle -sta y er operators
( o p e r a t e only)----------------------------------Fini sh in g:
C l o s e r s _________________________
S t r i p p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _____
Wrapping-machine operators,
a u t o m a t i c ----------------------------------------Ha nd f e e d --------------------------------------A u t o m a t i c f e e d -----------------------------

1
2
3
4

15

2.13

_

_

3

_

2

_

4

3

.

_

.

1

1

_

_

1

18

2.11

-

6

1

-

1

-

1

2

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

10

2. 30

-

-

1

-

1

-

1

2

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

40

2. 03

-

-

3

3

-

2

14

15

25

1 . 97

4

-

-

1

7

4

9

70

1. 84
2.04

-

-

3

-

_

_

1

_

-

.

1
1

12

134
71
63

2.09
2.06

2.12

-

2

37

1

2
3

1
2

29

1

32
32

2
1
29
9

2
0

"

-

-

15
5

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

2
2

-

-

-

-

_

_

2
.

_

_

_

.

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

T h e C h i c a g o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of C o o k, D u P a g e , K a n e , L a k e , M c H e n r y , and W i l l C o u n t i e s .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f or w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
A p p r o x i m a t e l y 93 p e r c e n t of the p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a dd i ti on to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $4 to $ 4. 1 0 .




-

-

-

3

2
1

-

3

47

26

-

covered

b y t he

s t u dy w e r e pa i d on a t i m e b a s i s .

Table 25. Setup paperboard boxes: Occupational earnings— New York, N .Y .1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

M a r c h 19 70 )

Num-

Sex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and occupation

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s _____________
M e n __________________ i -----------------W o m e n __________________________

Aver-

of
workei s

$ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $ 2. 40 $ 2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3. 20 $3. 40 $3.60 $3.80 T 4 . 00 $4. 20 1 4 4 0 "$476j T
.0
$1.60 $1.65 $1.7 0 $ 1.7 5 $1.80 $1.85
hourly
ear nand
"
- ■
u nd er
mgs
$ 1 . 6 5 $ 1 . 7 0 $ 1 . 7 5 $ 1 . 8 0 $ 1 . 8 5 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 3 0 $2. 40 $ 2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3. 2 0 $3. 40 $3. 60 $3.80 $4. 00 $4. 20 $4. 40 $4. 60 o v e r
.0

2,803
1,176
1 , 62 7

$2. 48
2.89
2. 18

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

24

1

23

32
4
28

27
5

2
2

42
13
29

24

1

23

42

21
21

59
30
29

40
14
26

453
54
399

366
107
259

183
54
129

5 18
79
439

156
52
104

124
72
52

63
49
14

59
50
9

80
69

11

82
80

2

64
60
4

99
97

2

156
156

48
48

16

16

16

14
-

2

14
14

16
16

S e le c t e d oc cupa tion s— men
Pr in tin g:
Pr intin g p r e s s m e n , cyl ind er
p r e s s __________________________
Pr intin g p r e s s m e n , platen p r es s.. .
P r i n t i n g - p r e s s a s s i s t a n t s and
f e e d e r s , p l a t e n p r e s s ___________
P r e p a r i n g and a s s e m b l i n g :
Corner-cutting-m achine
operators 3
--------------------------------------Single c o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ___________________
Double c o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------Qu ad ruple s t a y i n g -m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up and o p e r a t e ) ---Qu ad ru ple s t a y i n g -m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ( o p e r a t e o n l y ) ________
S c o r e r o p e r a t o r s ____________-------M iscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A --------A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s B --------B un d l e r s - p a c k e r s ________________
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ---M a in te na nc e m e n , g e n e r a l utility..
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________
Sh ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s -------Truckdrivers 3
__________________
O t h e r t h an s e m i - o r t r a i l e r ___

12
10

3. 87
3. 13

10

2.43

1
-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

1

-

4

1

-

70

2.6
6

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

4

-

5

7

4

45

2. 74

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

7

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

13

2.63

44

21

2.26
3.39

2
2
15
78
15
24
29
17
84
78

3. 87
3.11
2. 27
2.29
3. 61
4.10
3.32
3. 72
3. 72

76

1

6

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

15

10

5

2

4

10

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

10

5

2

-

10

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

1

_

1

-

-

6

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2.92

65

2

2

2

-

-

2

6

5

10

6

1

9

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

2
2

1

1
2

1

_

-

18

3

19

6

4

5

"

2

3

2

4

2

-

_

-

_

-

8

5
4

4

-

8
-

-

7
4

-

-

-

5

11

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

4

10

"

"

-

-

-

5

5

3

-

6
2

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.33

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

14

2. 31

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

2.35
2.05

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

2

_

-

-

-

2.06

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2.09

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

_

6

27

1

-

-

-

2

2

2

4

2

-

2

2

8

4

2
1

-

-

-

6

-

2

2

2
2
2

14

3

1

2

-

-

84
78

_

_

_

-

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

47

2

2

3

2

2

3

5

-

1

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

9

4

-

4

1

6

S e lec ted oc cupa tio ns — w om en
P r e p a r i n g and a s s e m b l i n g :
B o x m a k e r s , h a n d ----------------------------C o rner-cutting-m achine
operators 3
_____________________
Single c o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ___________________
E n d i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 3_____
Single e n d in g -m ac h in e
o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------Qu adru ple s t a y i n g -m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ( o p e r a t e o n l y ) -------------Sin g le -stay er operators
( s e t up and o p e r a t e ) ____________
Fin ish in g:
C l o s e r s ---------------------------------------------S t r i p p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s --------Wrapping-m achine operators,
a u t o m a t i c ----------------------------------------Ha nd f e e d ____________________
A u t o m a t i c f e e d _______________

1
2
3
4

65
58

8
40

2.08
2.38

166
99
67

2.36
2 . 37
2.34

_

4

8

4

46
'40

4

8

2

-

5

1

2

2

6

2.36

312
17 4

1

6
-

2

4
-

56

7

4

9

8

-

-

-

-

4

167
4

42

2
1
1

32

2

24

23

_

10
4

4

2

121

10

14

2

3
3

120
6
6

27
19

11

2
2

~

54

8

7
4

_
-

2
2

-

T h e N e w Y o r k S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of N e w Y o r k C i t y ( B r o n x , K i n g s , N e w Y o r k , Q u e e n s , a n d R i c h m o n d C o u n t i e s ) ; a n d N a s s a u , R o c k l a n d , S u f f o l k , a n d W e s t c h e s t e r
C o u n tie s , N .Y .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s . A p p r o x i m a t e l y 97 p e r c e n t of t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y t h e s t u d y w e r e p a i d on a t i m e b a s i s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 6 a t $ 4 . 6 0 t o $ 4 . 8 0 a n d 1 a t $ 4 . 8 0 t o $ 5.




Table 26. Setup paperboard boxes: Occupational earnings— Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J.1
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

2 of

p r o d uc t i on w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

M a r c h 197 0)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Se x,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s --------------------------M e n ______________________________
W o m e n ___________________________

Average
of
hourly
w o r k e r s ea rnings

947
287
660

$2.16
2. 58
1. 98

23

2. 24

0
$ 1 . 7 0 $ 1 . 7 5 $ 1 . 8 0 TT785 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40 $ 2. 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3. 40 $3. 60 $3. 80 $4. 00 $4. 20 $4. 40
1
2

TTnHof
$1.70

5
_

and
u nd er
.0
$ 1 . 7 5 $ 1.80 $ 1 . 8 5 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $2. 90 $3. 00 $ 3. 20 $ 3. 40 $3. 60 $3. 80 $4. 00 $ 4. 20 $4. 40 o v e r

59

19

10

5

49

-

8
11

-

65
3
62

154
9
145

77

65

-

-

-

12

8
6
8
78

73
24
49

133
36
97

103

2
0

83

8
6
2

2
2
3

16
13
3

2
0
2
0

11
6

-

5

6
1

11
10
1

-

-

-

-

-

9

2

2

-

3

25

7

12
11
1

5
5

7
7

-

1

-

-

5

1
2

-

-

5

5

-

2

4
-

3
-

2
2

2
2

15
15

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

27
27

'

S e l e c t e d occu pa tio ns— m e n
P r e p a r i n g and a s s e m b l i n g :
Corner-cutting-m achine
operators 3
______________________
Sing le c o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ____________________
Q uad ruple s t a y i n g -m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up and o p e r a t e ) -----S c o r e r o p e r a t o r s ------------ ------ ------------M iscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A ----------B a l e r s --------------------------------------------------M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ------------------Sh ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ---------T ruckdrivers 3
------------------------------------O t h e r t h an s e m i - or t r a i l e r ---------

10

2.21

7
25

3.20
2. 1 9
3.71
3. 01
3. 58
3.20

1

12

1

3

2 . 57
2. 79

15

2

6
10
8
2
2
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

7

3
-

-

-

3

1

-

1

1

2

-

4

-

-

2

1

-

-

2

2
-

3

-

-

-

2
2

-

2
2
2

1

1

5

-

"

-

'

1

"

-

"

13

2

1

S e l e c t e d occ upa tio ns — w o m e n
P r e p a r i n g and a s s e m b l i n g :
B o x m a k e r s , h a n d -------------------------------Corner-cutting-m achine
npp-patnrs 3
Sing le c o r n e r - c u t t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------Q uad ruple s t a y i n g -m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ( o p e r a t e o n l y ) ----------------S in g le -stay er operators
( o p e r a t e o n l y ) -----------------------------------Fi nish ing:
C l o s e r s __________________________
S t r i p p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ---------Wrapping-m achine operators,
a u t o m a t i c -------------------------------------------H a n d f e e d ----------------------------------------A u t o m a t i c f e e d . ..................... ..............
M iscellaneous:
Bun d l e r s - p a c k e r s -------------------------------C a t c h e r s ----------------------- ------------------------

1
2
3

25
13

8

2.10

4

■

"

"

■

■

-

“

"

"

"

'

1

'

"

-

1. 95

21

2.15

-

-

98
31

1.89
2.09

-

4

77
41

2.12

-

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

37
4

16

-

38

2

■

-

18

2.14

“

13

2.15
2.15

2
0

■

~

~

9

11
1
10

-

-

15
15

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

"

-

-

"

“

"

~

1

~

“

“

“

7
15

-

6
6

4

-

-

-

4

-

-

36

2.11

-

"

-

4

45
29

1.8
8

1. 79

-

23
4

-

9

6

2

17

1
12
42

21
21

-

T h e P h i l a d e l p h i a S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of B u c k s , C h e s t e r , D e l a w a r e , M o n t g o m e r y , and P h i l a d e l p h i a C o u n t i e s , P a . ; and B u r l i n g t o n , C a m d e n , and G l o u c e s t e r C o u n t i e s , N. J.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s . A p p r o x i m a t e l y 95 p e r c e n t of t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y t h e s t ud y w e r e p ai d on a t i m e b a s i s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in addi tio n to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .







Table 27. Setup paperboard boxes: Method of wage payment
( P e r c e n t of p r o d uc t i on w o r k e r s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ,

Me th o d of w a g e p a y m e n t

A l l w o r k e r s _ _ ______ ___ _

U ni t e d
States 2

1

______

U ni t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

..

New
Englan d

10
0

10
0
8
6

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------F o r m a l p l a n s _________________
_ ...
_
_____
_ _____ ____
_
Single r a t e _ _
R a ng e of r a t e s ------------------- -- -------- -----------I nd iv i du al r a t e s — ----------- ---------------------------

89
59
41
18
29

32
15
17
54

I n c en t i v e w o r k e r s . .
.
------—
I n d iv i du a l p i e c e w o r k ______________________
G ro u p p i e c e w o r k ____
— ________________
In d iv i du a l b o n u s . ___________________ _ _
_
G r o up b o n u s _____ __
_ _ ____ _____ _______

11

14

1
2

3

6

5

7

1

2

1

M a r c h 1970)

Middle
A tla n ti c

Southeast

10
0

10
0

G re at
Lakes

10
0

10
0

80

95
78
78

92
78

2
0

6
6

14

4
16
62

31
35
14

18

2
0

82

6
8
10
8
1
2

12
1
1

3
3

4

P a c if ic

-

16
5

5

1

13

5

1
1

-

-

F o r def ini ti on of m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t , s e e a p p e n d i x A .
I n c l u d e s dat a f o r r e g i o n s in a dd i ti on t o t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r ou nd ing ,

s u m s of i n di vi du al , i t e m s m a y not e q u a l 100.

Table 28. Setup paperboard boxes: Scheduled weekly hours
( P e r c e n t of p r o d uc t i on and o f f i c e w o r k e r s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s , 1 U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

We ekly hours

U ni t e d
States 2

1

New
England

M a r c h 1970)

Mi ddle
Atlantic

Southeast

Great
Lakes

Pacific

10
0

10
0

Pr od uctio n w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s ______

..

______________

U n d e r 40 h o u r s ______________________ _______
40 h o u r s -------- ---------------------------------------------45 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------- _ _

10
0

10
0

1
98

1

93
7

10
0

10
0

10
0

9
91
■

-

.

10
0
■

_

10
0
'

O ff ic e w o rk e r s
A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________
3 2 2 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------7
35 h o u r s ----------- ------- ------------- ---------------------------------3 74 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------6
37!2 h o u r s ___ ______________________ ___ ___
/
O v e r 3 7 7 and under 40 h o u r s ___________ ____
2
40 h o u r s ____________________________________

1
2

10
0

10
0

10
0

1

3
3
-

1
11
1

5

1
11
3
80

14
81

17

2
6
8

Da ta r e l a te t o t he p r e d o m i n a n t w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r f u l l - t i m e d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s in e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
I n c l u d e s d at a f or r e g i o n s in a dd i ti on t o t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,

s u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m a y n o t e q u a l 10 0 ,

10
0

10
0

10
0

-

-

-

-

5
14

-

-

10
0

-

82

8

92




Table 29. Setup paperboard boxes: Shift differential provisions
( P e r c e n t of p ro d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y shi f t d i f f e r e n t i a l p r o v i s i o n s , 1 U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l

United
States 2

New
England

37.1
35. 2
25. 8

23.5
23.5
15. 0
1.3

Middle
Atla nti c

M a r c h 1970)

Southeast

G re a t
Lakes

P a c if ic

S e c o n d shi ft
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
s e c o n d - s h i f t p r o v i s i o n s ____________________
W it h shi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------------------------U n i f o r m c en t s p e r h o u r ----------------------------5 c e n t s ____________________________
7 c e n t s ____________________________
10 c e n t s ____________________________
11 c e n t s -------------------------- ------------------------12 c e n t s ____________________________
I 2V2 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------15 c e n t s ------------------------ ------ --------------------U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e --------------------------------10 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------15 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________
W i t h no shi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l — ----- ------------------------

6.2

2. 5
14.2
.3
.4

.8

1.4

6.2
5.3

1.0

3.2
1.9

-

13.7
-

8.5
8.5
-

23 .1
23 .1
15. 6
7.0
-

5.0
-

3.6
7.5
5 .2
2.4
-

23.9
14.2
14.2
14.2
-

9. 7

49.1
49.1
43 .6
10.3
16. 0
1 7 .3
5.5
5.5
-

83.0
83.0
26.3
-

5.3
7.0
14.0
35 6 . 7
-

T h i r d or o th er l a t e shi ft
W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ha v in g t h i r d o r o t h er l a t e - s h i f t p r o v i s i o n s --------------------------Wi t h shi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------- ------------U n i f o r m c en t s p e r h o u r ____ ___________
5 c e n t s ____________________________
10 c e n t s ------------- ---------------------------- --------15 c e n t s ____________________________
2 c e n t s ____________________________
2
U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ___________________
15 p e r c e n t __________________________
O t h er f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------

1
2
3

19. 5
19. 5
13. 6
.7

15. 3
15. 3

8.1

6.8

4. 4
.3
2.9
2.9
3. 1

8.5
8.5

3.5
3. 5

6.8

-

-

3.5
3.5

-

R e f e r s t o p o l i c i e s of pl ant s e i t h e r o p e r a t i n g l a t e s hi f t s o r h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s d at a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e s ho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
C o m b i n a t i o n p l a n s p r o v i d i n g fu ll d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p l u s c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d i f f e r e n t i a l , o r f l a t - s u m p e r s hi f t.

N O TE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

32.3
32.3
32.3
4. 8
26.3

1.2
-

59.6
59.6
5.3
5.3
354.3




Table 30. Setup paperboard boxes: Shift differential practices
( P e r c e n t of p ro d u c ti o n w o r k e r s on l a t e s h i f t s b y a m o un t of shi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
U ni t e d
States 1

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l

U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

New
England

Middle
A tla n ti c

M a r c h 1970)

Southeast

Great
Ba kes

Pacific

S e c o n d shi ft
W o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on s e c o n d s h i f t . ----------- ------R e c e i v i n g shi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l — . . . . . .
U n i f o r m c ent s p e r h o u r .
. . . . . . . . ---. . . . . . .
. . . .
5 c e n t s __
10 c e n t s . . . ---. .
.
. . ------------ ------------- . . . .
15 c e n t s . . . . .
U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e — -------- --------- -----_ _____
10 p e r c e n t . . __ ____ _
Other fo rmal p a y d ifferen tial _
_
_. ____
R e c e i v i n g no shift d i f f e r e n t i a l _ -----_

3.4
3.0

2.6

3.3
3.3
1.9

.5

-

1.8

1.9

1.7
1.7
1.7

.8
.1
.8

1.2
1.2
1.2

0
.2
.2
.2
.2

1.8
1.8
-

2.3

-

-

.2
.2
.1

1.3
1.3
-

-

-

-

.5

-

-

1.1

-

.1
.1
.1
.1

.8
.8
.8
.8

.3

-

T h i r d or o t h e r l at e shi ft
W o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on t h i r d or o t h e r
l at e shi ft
---- --.
.
. .
R e c e i v i n g shi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------ --U n i f o r m c ent s p e r h ou r _ _
_
.
10 c e n t s . . .
..
. _ _ ______

1
2

-

-

I n c l u de s d at a f or r e g i o n s in add it io n to t h o s e s ho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
C o mb i n a t i o n p l a ns p r o v i d i n g f ul l d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p lu s c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d i f f e r e n t i a l .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r ou nd i ng ,

s u m s of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s .

-

-

-

-

21.8
"




Table 31. Setup paperboard boxes: Paid holidays
( P e r c e n t of p ro d u c ti o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a i d h o l i d a y s ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

N u m b e r of p a i d h o l i d a y s

United
States 1

New
England

Mi ddle
Atla nti c

Southeast

Great
Lakes

Pacific

Prod u ction w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s ---------------- ----------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s _______ _____________________
2 d a y s --------------------- ---------- ------------------------------3 d a y s ---- ----------------------------------------------------------4 d a y s .......... .......... .....................................................
5 d a y s _________________________ ____ ____
5 d a y s pl us 1 or 2 h a l f d a y s ______________
6 d a y s __________________________________
6 d a y s p l us 1 ha l f d a y ____________________
6 d a y s pl u s 2 h a l f d a y s __________________
7 d a y s _______ ___ ___________
_________
7 d a y s p l us 1 h a l f d a y ------------------------------------8 d a y s ________________ _________________
8 d a y s p l us 1 or 2 h a l f d a y s _________ ___
9 d a y s -------- -------------- ------ ----------- ---------------------9 d a y s p l us 1 h a l f d a y ____________________
10 d a y s ------------- -----------------------------------------------10 d a y s p lu s 1 or 2 h a l f d a y s _____________
11 d a y s _________________________________
11 d a y s pl us 1 or 2 h a l f d a y s _____________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a i d h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------

10
0

10
0

10
0

96

10
0

10
0

1

5

1
6
2
10

-

12
5
23
4
3
-

-

6
2
4
5

10
0

10
0

10
0

70
13

10
0

93
26

2
0
10
18
-

8

2
0
5

9
42
16
-

5

7
7
7

31
3
5
9

-

4

-

-

30

3

1

9

2

19

2
12
2
14

2
2

8
17

6

1

13
-

11
1
7

2

-

8

12

54
7

Officeworkers
A l l w o r k e r s ____ _______________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s _____________________________
2 d a y s __________________________________
3 d a y s .............. ........................ ............. .....................
4 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s __________________________________
5 d a y s pl u s 1 or 2 h a l f d a y s ______________
6 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s p l us 1 h a l f d a y _______ ____________
6 d a y s p l us 2 h a l f d a y s __________________
7 d a y s ___________ ______________________
7 d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ____________________
8 d a y s __________________________________
8 d a y s p l us 1 or 2 h a l f d a y s ______________
9 d a y s ------------- -------------------------- ----------- -----9 d a y s pl u s 1 h a l f d a y ____________________
10 d a y s _________________________________
10 d a y s p lu s 1 or 2 h a l f d a y s _____________
11 d a y S - _ . ------- --------------------------------------------------11 d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s _____ _____________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a i d h o l i d a y s ---------------- -------- ----------------------

1
2

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

98

10
0

10
0

83
18
15
17

10
0

97
-

2

5

1

7

16

2
11
1

11

3

-

12
2
16

2
10
2

14
4
3

1

5

3
3

-

11
-

12
12
2
9
13
3

2

I n c l u de s d at a for r e g i o n s in a dd it io n t o t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .

N O TE:

B e c a u s e of ro u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l 100.

-

6
4

11
2
1
15
9
(2 )

8

37

6
1
-

2
2
-

11
17

23
14
23
14

2
0
7

-

3

48

6

41
3




Table 32. Setup paperboard boxes: Paid vacations
( P e r c e n t of p r o d uc t i on and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a i d v a c a t i o n s ,
U ni t ed S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 197 0)
United
States 1

Vaca tio n po licy

New
England

Middle
Atla nti c

Southeast

G re at
Lakes

P a c if i c

Pr od uctio n w o r k e r s
A ll workers—

-

. . .

______

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

98
90

10
0

10
0
10
0

79
46
18
15

10
0

10
0
10
0

Me th o d of p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
pa i d v a c a t i o n s —. _ ____ __
L e n g t h -o f -t im e pa ym en t
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t -----O t h e r _________ ____
_
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
no p a i d v a c a t i o n s _
_
_

providing
__ .
_
_
__
_ -----_
- - - - providing
____
_- - _

A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y

80

2
0
-

2

82
17

94

6
-

-

21

-

(3 )
90
7

-

2

A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k __ - __________
___ . 1 w e e k _____________________
____
2 w e e k s ----------------------- _ A f t e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k _______ _____
- _
1 w e e k ________ ___ _________________ O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___ _
2 w e e k s ----------------- ----------- --------- -------- -----A f t e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
-.
_ -------1 w e e k ________ — ____
___ _ _
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ___ 2weeks _
___________
_
_
A f t e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k — ___ ___ _
- -.
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _
- - - - 2 w e e k s ---- — ---- _ ---—
---O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s
_ __
_
__
3 w e e k s —.
_ _ ---- ------_
-----_
_
A f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k _ ___ _____- ____ O v e r 1 and \ander 2 w e e k s _
_
_ - _____
2 w e e k s _ . — _ „ ------- -- — ------- —
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s _______________
3 w e e k s ______
_________
_____________
A f t e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k _________________________________
O v e r 1 and u nder 2 w e e k s ________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------- -----------------3 w e e k s ____________ ___________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________
A f t e r 20 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k __________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________ ________________
3 w e e k s _________________________ ____ ___
4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------- -------------A f t e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :4
1 w e e k ______________________ __________
2 w e e k s ------------ ----------------------- — ----------------3 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________
5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .

6
2

(3 )
51
30
16
32
9
57
7
C)

8
8
1
1
6
(3 )
41
3
47

1

65
15

11
21

34
62
4

54

35
18
47

26
5
69

54

12

4
92
4

14
4
61
-

58

4
33

6
6

24

61

-

4
17
78

-

7

-

-

61
4

18
77
5

-

1
67

82

6
-

10
1
6

6

10

(3 )
30
58
4

42
39
7

6

10

30
36
26

6
30

2
2
34

6

44

2
2

2

1

4
17
59

24

2
0

10

4
17
31
48

44
16
30

11

15

11

15

14
-

14

-

14
61
4
-

14
61
4
-

-

-

96
4

10
0

10
0

-

-

95
5

17
83

41
59

17
83

-

7
93
-

26
5
69

7
93

10
0

81

12

-

7

18
34
47

19
74

-

-

7

18
30
35
17

14
58

-

21




Table 32. Setup paperboard boxes: Paid vacations— Continued
( P e r c e n t of p r o d uc t i on and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a i d v a c a t i o n s ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
U ni t e d
States 1

Vac atio n policy

N ew
England

Middle
Atla nti c

Southeast

G re a t
Lakes

P a c if ic

O ff ic e w o rk e rs
A l l w o r k e r s -----------

-------

------------------------

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

99
99

10
0
10
0

10
0
10
0

89
89

10
0
10
0

10
0
10
0

M e t h o d of p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
paid va ca tions—
------- — _______ — --------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ___ _
_ __—
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no pa i d v a c a t i o n s ---------------- --------------------------A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y

A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k __________ —_ ------------------------------- 2 w e e k s -------- ---------- ------------- — - - 3 w e e k s -----_ _
- ----------------------- _
A f t e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k -------------------- ------ — ----------- -------O v e r 1 and und er 2 w e e k s „_
—
_— „ _
2 wee ks
_
_
----- --------- ----3 w e e k s ----------------- ------------------------ ------ -----A f t e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 week—
_
.
______ ----------- — —
O v e r 1 and u nder 2 w e e k s . _ _ ------ ------ 2 w e e k s _ ______
___
_ _ -------_
3 weeks —
_______
________
_____
A f t e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ________ ____ „ __ . ---- --------- O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s
-------- ----------2weeks .
- - - - - - - - - _____
3 w e e k s . . ___
— _
_ - - A f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ---- --- __ __________ ____ ___
2 w e e k s ------------------- ------------------------------- —
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ----- _
_
___
3 w e e k s -------------- —
— - - ----------A f t e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k __________________________________
2 w e e k s ____ ____ — — ------- --- ---------- --3 w e e k s -------------------- ------------------------ -------4 w e e k s -----------------------------_ --------------A f t e r 20 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ___ ---------------- ------------------- - —
3 w e e k s ------------ -------------------— -----------4 w e e k s . ____— _
. . . -----------------------A f t e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :4
1 w e e k _________ __ ______ . —
w e e k s ____ ___ _ ------------ ---------------------3 w e e k s ---------- .
-------------------- ------ ---------4 w e e k s ____ . . _____ — _ ____ _ ____
5 w e e k s ---- —
------------------------------------

2

1

11

-

-

-

61
28
-

90

99

-

-

2
63
35
(3 )
40
4
55

50
50
-

56
43

27
-

41
9
49

49
4
36
-

83
17
-

89
-

36
62

49
4
36
-

38
62
-

89
-

17
4

82
18

3
-97
-

33
4
63

3
4
93

29
67
5

3
4
87

29
53
18

3
4

(3 )

73
-

29

17

(3 )
69
(3 )

83
-

5
(3 )
90
4

-

-

10
0
-

1

1

1

8
89
3

8

69

64

-

-

38

31

27

5 '
47
43
4

52
39
9

5
47

52
17
31

5
56

1

2
2
25

5
47

2
0
19
9

52
5
43

8
54
36

6
8
17
72
'
17

6
8

1

4
-

8

17

54
26

12
8

54
24
13

6
8
4
17

6
8
4

-

10

29
53
3
15

1

11

11

6
8

85
3
4

8

37
48

1 I n c l ud es d at a f o r r e g i o n s in add it io n t o t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
2 V a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s such a s p e r c e n t of a nnu al e a r n i n g s w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u i v a l e n t t i m e b a s i s . P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and
do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s . F o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s m a y i nc l ud e
c h a n g e s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
3 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
4 V a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s w e r e v i r t u a l l y t he s a m e a f t e r l o n g e r p e r i o d s of s e r v i c e .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e of ro u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l 100.




Table 33. Setup paperboard boxes: Health, insurance, and retirement plans
( P e r c e n t o f p ro d u c tio n a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith s p e c if ie d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s ,
U n ite d S ta te s an d s e le c te d r e g io n s , M a r c h 1970)

T y p e of p la n 1

U n ite d
S ta te s 2

N ew
E n g la n d

M i d d le
A tla n tic

S o u th e a s t

G reat
L akes

P a c if ic

P ro d u c tio n w o r k e rs
A l l w o r k e r s _________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----------------------------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e ------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o th 3-------------------------------------------------------------S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------------------S ic k l e a v e (f u ll p a y , n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) -----------------------S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) -------------------H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ___________________________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e —--------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------------------------M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 4 ---------------------------------------------------------- -------P e n s i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------------ ----------------S e v e r a n c e p a y --------------------------------------------------------------------N o p l a n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

78
63
44
33

60
44
51
43

81
79
33
33

85
29
64
20

66
57
23
10

100
100
100
100

54
52
42
5
2
90
63
89
62
66
42
30
13
45
44
43
1
6

42
42
26
-

65
62
62
2

25
25
6

24
14
14
10
14
100
93
100
93
100
93
88
81
83
83
83
•

7

67
67
59
•
97
58
97
58
75
45
17
4
47
42
42
5
1

-

-

87
42
87
42
87
42
34
9
39
34
34

86
82
83
79
42
38
10
7
59
58
58
1
9

10

93
28
93
28
65
20
68
25
17
17
17

-

O ffic e w o rk e rs
A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----------------------------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e ------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 3 _________________________________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ................................................................
S ic k l e a v e (f u ll p a y , n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) ...... .........................
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) ..........................
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ........................................................ - ............
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------- ----- --------- ------------------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------------- ------------------------ ------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----------------------------------------- ---------M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------------------------------- -------------------R e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 4 -----------------------------------------------------------------P e n s i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------------------S e v e r a n c e p a y --------------------------------------------------------------------N o p l a n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

100

100

100

100

100

100

74
57
45
33

72
51
54
46

68
64
29
29

88
35
64
18

64
53
29
8

97
97
96
96

41
36
25

46
46
25
27
85
46
85
46
85
46
56
26
43
43
43

35
27
27
13
51
50
48
46
41
39
21
19
25
25
25
1
10

22
14
8

45
42
31
9
98
63
98
63
69
50
39
23
36
36
36
2
2

19
2
77
50
76
49
66
44
46
25
35
35

33
1

-

6

9

8

96
25
96
25
69
21
71
21
26
26
26
4

8
8
8
8
100
97
100
97
100
97

92
89
86
86
86

-

I n c l u d e s o n ly t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t p a r t o f t h e c o s t a n d e x c l u d e s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s
s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n
a n d s o c ia l s e c u r ity ; h o w e v e r , p la n s r e q u ir e d b y S ta te t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l it y i n s u r a n c e la w s a r e in c lu d e d if th e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s m o r e th a n is le g a lly
r e q u i r e d o r t h e e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e b e n e f i t s e x c e e d i n g l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s " i n c l u d e o n ly t h o s e p l a n s f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y t h e e m p l o y e r .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
U n d u p l i c a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
U n d u p l i c a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s in p l a n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s f o r p e n s i o n s o r r e t i r e m e n t s e v e r a n c e p a y s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

2
3
4




Table 34. Setup paperboard boxes: Other selected benefits
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c tio n a n d o f fic e w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v is i o n s f o r f u n e r a l le a v e p a y a n d j u r y d u ty p a y ,
U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g io n s , M a rc h 1970)
U n ite d
S ta te s 2

T y p e of b e n e fit 1

N ew
E n g la n d

G reat
L akes

P a c ific

13
27

M i d d le
A tla n tic

87
63

93
43

18
25

82
53

94
63

S o u th e a s t

P ro d u c tio n w o r k e rs
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
p ro v is io n s fo r :
F u n e r a l l e a v e p a y ---- — ----------J u r y d u ty p a y _____ — --------------- _

66
47

49
46

69
41
O ffic e w o rk e r s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h
p r o v is io n s fo r:
F u n e r a l l e a v e p a y ________ _ .
J u r y d u ty p a y -------------- ---------------

_

_ _____
---------

63
44

1 F o r d e f in itio n of b e n e f its , s e e a p p e n d ix A .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r re g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly .

61
36

53
39

Part III. Corrugated and Solid Fiber Boxes
two regio n s p e rm ittin g com p a riso n w e re
$3.0 9 and $ 2 .6 8 fo r the M id dle A tla n tic
and $3. 13 and $2.66 fo r the G rea t Lak es.
A ls o on a nationwide b asis (re g io n a l c o m ­
p ariso n s w e re not p o s s ib le ), w o rk e rs in
union establish m en ts had a 4 5 -ce n t-a n hour wage advantage o v e r those in non­
union establishm en ts— $ 3 .0 1 , com pared
with $ 2. 56
Men accounted fo r n e a rly nine-tenths o f
the production w o rk e rs and a vera ged $3
an hour; women, m o re h e a v ily em ployed
in the le s s sk illed job s than the men, a v ­
era ged $2. 5 6 .1
1 Men a v e r a g e d m ore
than wom en in each region , usually by
amounts ranging fro m 10 to 19 p ercen t.
E arnings o f 92 p e rc e n t o f the w o rk e rs
r a n g e d fro m $2 to $4 an hour.
(See
table 3 6 .)
W o rk e rs in the m idd le h a lf
o f the a r ra y earned fro m $2. 55 to $3. 30.
F o r men, the m iddle range was $2.61
to $ 3.34; fo r women, $ 2 .2 8 to $ 2 .7 9 .
E arnings d istrib u tion s v a r ie d w id e ly by
region .
The p e rc e n t o f w o rk e rs earning
le s s than $2.50 an hour, fo r exam p le,
ranged fro m 50 p ercen t in the Southeast
to 3 p ercen t in the P a c ific ; the M id dle
A tla n tic and G rea t Lak es reg io n s r e ­
corded a p p ro x im a tely 17 and 13 p ercen t,
r e s p e c tiv e ly .

Average hourly earnings
E arnings o f p r o d u c t i o n and rela ted
w o rk e rs in establish m en ts p r i m a r i l y
m anufacturing co rru ga ted and solid fib e r
boxes a v e ra g e d $ 2 .9 5 an hour in M a rch
1970. (See table 3 5 .) S ligh tly m o re than
on e -h a lf o f th ese 70, 601 w o rk e rs w e re
em p loyed in the M id dle A tla n tic and G rea t
Lak es regio n s, w h ere they a v e r a g e d
$ 3 .0 2 and $ 3 .0 4 , r e s p e c tiv e ly . In 5 o f
the 6 oth er reg io n s studied sep a rately,
h ou rly a v e ra g e s ranged fro m $2. 58 in the
Southeast to $ 2 .8 9 in the M iddle W est;
in the P a c ific , the a v e ra g e was $ 3 .5 2 .
In M arch 1970, the in d u stry1s w a g e
le v e l was 28 p e rc e n t above the $ 2 .3 0 an
hour a v e ra g e re c o rd e d in the B ureau1s
N o v e m b e r 1964 su rvey. 1
0 W age le v e ls
advanced 36 p e rc e n t in the B o rd e r States,
34 p e rc e n t in the Southwest, and fro m 27
to 30 p ercen t in the six oth er reg io n s.
F o u r-fifth s o f the w o r k e r s w e re in
m e tro p o lita n a re a s and a v e ra g e d 17 cents
an hour m o re than those in s m a lle r c o m ­
m unities ($2.98 and $2.81) in M arch 1970.
In the Southeast and G rea t Lak es region s,
the only two fo r which this co m p ariso n
could be m ade, the d iffe r e n tia l amounted
to 5 cents and 13 cents, re s p e c tiv e ly .
D a t a w e re tabulated s e p a ra tely fo r 11
a rea s, which c o lle c t iv e ly accounted fo r
o n e-th ird of the in d u stry1s production
w o rk e rs .
(See tab les 40—5 0 .) A v e ra g e
h ou rly e a r n i n g s in these a re a s w e re
lo w es t in B a ltim o re ($ 2 .6 6 ) and highest
in San Fran cisccr-O akland ($ 3 .5 6 ).
The
a v e ra g e in C hicago, w h ere n e a rly 5, 000
o f the w o rk e rs w e re em ployed, was $3 .0 2
an hour— a p p ro x im a te ly the sam e as in
M ilw aukee, N ew Y o rk , P h ilad elp h ia, and
St. L ou is. In the rem ain in g four a rea s,
w o rk e rs a v e ra ge d fro m $ 3.20 to $ 3 .4 9 .
N ation ally, the w age le v e l in plants that
had at le a s t 100 w o rk e rs was $ 3 .0 3 an
hour, com p ared with $ 2 .6 3 in s m a lle r
plants.
C orresp on d in g a v e ra g e s in the




Occupational earnings
Occupational c la s s ific a tio n s in table 37,
selected to rep re s e n t the v a rio u s a c t iv i­
ties p e rfo rm e d by produ ction w o rk e rs ,
c o v e re d tw o -th ird s o f the w ork fo r c e in
M arch 1970.
A v e ra g e h ou rly earnings
in these jobs, which w e re staffed m o s tly
by men, ranged fro m $3.81 fo r m ain ten ­
ance e le c tric ia n s to $ 2 .5 4 fo r ja n ito rs .
B undlers and p a ck ers, the la r g e s t group
s t u d i e d sep a ra tely, a v e r a g e d $2.72.
P r in te r -s lo tte r -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs a n d
10 BLS Bulletin 1478, op. cit.
11 See footnote 7, p. 7, Pt. I.
57

th e ir assistan ts, to geth er accounting fo r
on e-tenth o f the w o rk e rs , a v e ra ge d $3. 35
and $ 3 .0 1 , r e s p e c tiv e ly .
Other c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s that had as
m any as 1, 500 w o rk e rs and theiif h o u rly
a v e ra g e s w e r e :
T ru c k d r iv e r s , $ 3 .4 0 ;
cu ttin g- and c r e a s in g - p r e s s o p e ra to rs ,
$ 3 .1 5 ; o ff- b e a r e r s o f corru ga tin g and
com bining m achines, $3.03; fo r k lift o p e r ­
a to rs , $ 2 .9 7 ; s litte r o p e ra to rs , $ 2 .9 4 ;
and s t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s and taping m achine o p e ra to rs , $2.74 each.
W h ere com p ariso n s w e r e p o s s ib le fo r
a ll eigh t r e g i o n s , occupational a v e r ­
ages w e re h i g h e s t in the P a c ific and
usually lo w e s t in the Southeast.
(S ee
table 3 7 .) A v e r a g e s in the highest p a y ­
ing re g io n ty p ic a lly exceeded those in
the l o w e s t paying re g io n by 25 to 45
p erc e n t.
No con sisten t r e l a t i o n s h i p
ex isted , h o w ever, b etw een these d i f f e r ­
ences and the earn in gs le v e ls o f the jo b s .
F o r exam ple, the in te r r e g io n a l spread fo r
c o rru g a to r-co m b in in g -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs
was 31 p e rc e n t— v irtu a lly the sam e as fo r
stitc h e r o p e ra to rs ; the spread was 43
p e rc e n t fo r d ie m a k e rs and 42 p e rc e n t
fo r ja n ito rs .
O ccupational a v e r a g e s w e re usually
h ig h er in estab lish m en ts em p loyin g 100
w o rk e rs o r m o re than in s m a lle r e s ta b ­
lish m en ts and h ig h er fo r w o rk e rs paid on
an in cen tive b a sis than f o r those paid on
tim e ra te s .
(S ee tab les 38 and 3 9 .)
In
m ost instances, earn in gs o f in d ividu al
w o rk e rs a lso v a r ie d w id e ly within the
sam e job and a re a .
(S ee tab les 40—5 0 .)

s e v e r a l regio n s:
B o rd e r States (43 p e r ­
cent), N ew England (34 p e rc e n t), G rea t
L ak es (19 p e rc e n t), and M id dle W est (19
p e rc e n t).
F o r o ffic e p erson n el, m a jo r
e x c e p t i o n s to the 40-hour w eek w e re
found in N ew E n g l a n d and the M id dle
A tla n tic States, w h ere a p p ro x im a te ly on efourth o f the o ffic e w o r k e r s in each r e ­
gion w e re on 37Vz -hour schedules.

Shift d iffe r e n tia l p ro v is io n s and p r a c ­
t ic e s . M o re than nine-tenths of the p r o ­
duction w o rk e rs w e re in establish m en ts
having fo r m a l pay p ro v is io n s fo r late
sh ifts.
(S ee table 5 3 .) A t the tim e o f
the su rvey, h o w ever, th ree-ten th s of the
w o rk e rs a ctu a lly w e re em ployed on s e c ­
ond shifts and s lig h tly le s s than on etenth, w e r e on th ird o r other late sh ifts.
(See table 5 4 .)
M ost o f th ese w o rk e rs
r e c e iv e d pay in a d d i t i o n to d a y -s h ift
ra te s .
F o r second shifts, such paym ents
u su ally ranged fro m 7 to 10 cents an
hour; fo r th ird o r oth er late shifts, they
ty p ic a lly a m o u n t e d to 12 o r 14 cents.

P a id h o lid a y s .
P a id holid ays, usually
8 o r 9 annually, w e re granted to p r o ­
duction and o ffic e w o rk e rs by a ll es ta b ­
lish m en ts v is ite d .
(S ee table 5 5 .)
In
N ew England and the M id dle A tla n tic r e ­
gion substantial p ro p o rtio n s o f w o rk e rs
in both groups r e c e i v e d m o re than 9
fu ll h o l i d a y s .
E ls e w h e re , p ro v is io n s
fo r m o re than 9 days w e re v i r t u a l l y
nonexistent.

Establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions

P a id v a c a tio n s .
P a id vacation s, a fte r
qualifyin g p e rio d s o f s e r v ic e , w e re p r o ­
v id ed b y estab lish m en ts em p loyin g a ll the
produ ction w o rk e rs and n e a rly a ll the
o ffic e w o r k e r s .
(S ee table 5 6 .)
T y p ic a l
p ro v is io n s fo r produ ction w o rk e rs w e re
1 w eek o f va ca tio n pay a fte r 1 y e a r o f
s e rv ic e , 2 w eek s1 pay a fte r 3 y e a rs , 3
weeks* pay a fte r 10 y e a rs , and 4 weeks*
pay a fte r 20 y e a r s . A ls o , p ro v is io n s fo r
at le a s t 5 w eeks o f vaca tio n pay a fte r 25
y e a rs o f s e r v ic e w e re rep o rte d by e s ta b ­
lish m en ts e m p l o y i n g tw o -fifth s o f the
w o rk e rs . O ffic e p erso n n el ty p ic a lly w e re
c o v e re d by s im ila r p ro v is io n s , excep t
that they usually r e c e iv e d 2 weeks* pay
a fte r only 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e .
V acation
p ro v is io n s g e n e ra lly w e re le s s lib e r a l in
the Southeast than in the oth er reg io n s .

M ethod o f w age p aym en t. Seven-tenths
o f the produ ction and rela te d w o rk e rs
w e re paid tim e rates, usually based on
fo r m a l plans p ro v id in g sin gle rates fo r
s p e c ifie d occupations.
(S ee table 5 1 .)
The p ro p o rtio n s o f w o rk e rs paid under
in cen tive system s (m o s t com m on ly group
bonuses) ranged fro m tw o -fifth s in the
G rea t Lak es re g io n to le s s than one-tenth
in the P a c ific .
Scheduled w eek ly h o u rs. W ork sch ed ­
ules o f 40 hours a w eek applied to s lig h tly
m o re than fo u r -fifth s o f the production
and o ff ic e w o rk e rs .
(S ee table 5 2 .) Sub­
stan tial p ro p o rtio n s o f the p r o d u c t i o n
w o rk e rs , h o w e v e r , w e r e " scheduled to
w o rk m o re than 40 h o u r s a w eek in




58

Health, insurance, a n d r e t i r e m e n t
plans.
L ife , h o sp ita liza tio n , s u rgic a l,
and m e d ic a l insu ran ce c o v e re d m o re than
nine-tenths o f the produ ction and o ffic e workers.
(S ee table 5 7 .)
A c c id en ta l
death and d ism em b erm en t i n s u r a n c e ,
sickn ess and accid en t i n s u r a n c e , and
m a jo r m e d ic a l insuran ce a lso applied to
a la r g e m a jo r ity o f the w o rk e rs in both
grou ps. E m p lo y e rs financed at le a s t p a rt
o f the cost o f a ll these b en efits, and, in
m ost instances, they paid the to tal cost.
Sick le a v e plans (n e a r ly alw ays fu ll pay,
no w aitin g p e rio d ) w e re a v a i l a b l e to
s ligh tly m o re than tw o -fifth s of the o ffic e w o rk e r s , but to le s s than on e-tenth
o f the produ ction w o rk e rs .
R egio n a lly ,
the in cid en ce o f som e o f th ese b en efits
v a r ie d w id e ly .
F o r exam ple, the p r o ­
p ortion s o f produ ction w o rk e rs c o v e re d
by m a jo r m e d ic a l insuran ce ranged fro m
s lig h tly m o re than o n e -h a lf in the M id d le
A tla n tic and B o r d e r States to a p p ro x i­
m a te ly s e ve n -eig h ts in the M id dle W est
and P a c ific .




59

R e tire m e n t pen sion plans p ro vid in g r e ­
gu lar paym ents fo r the rem a in d er of the
r e t ir e e ’ s life (o th er than F e d e r a l so c ia l
s e cu rity b en e fits ) w e re a va ila b le to about
fo u r-fifth s o f the produ ction and o f f ic e w o rk e rs .
Such plans usually w e re f i ­
nanced w h olly b y the e m p lo y e r.
R e t ir e ­
m ent se ve ra n c e plans w e re not com m on
in the industry.

O t h e r s e lec te d b e n e fits .
P r o v is io n s
fo r pay w h ile s e rv in g as a ju r o r o r w hile
attending fu n erals o f c lo s e r e la tiv e s w e re
rep o rte d by estab lish m en ts e m p l o y i n g
fo u r -fifth s o r m o re o f the p rodu ction and
o ffic e w o r k e r s .
(See table 5 8 .) The p r o ­
p ortion s of w o rk e rs c o v e re d b y these
p ro v is io n s v a r ie d som ewhat by regio n .
P a id fu n era l le a v e , fo r exam ple, applied
to slig h tly m o re than th re e -fo u rth s o f the
production w o rk e rs in the B o r d e r States,
com p ared with m o re than nine-tenths in
the M id dle A t l a n t i c , Southwest, G reat
Lak es, M id dle W est, and P a c ific .

Table 35. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Average hourly earnings by selected characteristics
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y s e l e c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ,
United States
N um ber
of
workers

Item

1
2

N e w E n g l an d

A v e r a g e Num ber
of
hourly
earnings w o r k er s

Av e rag e
h o ur l y
e a r ni n gs

A
Mid dle - tlantic

United States

70, 601
62 ,7 28
7, 873

$ 2. 9 5
3.00
2. 56

4, 462
3,822
640

$ 2. 70
2.79

2.21

15,718
13,883
1, 83 5

$ 3. 02
3. 07
2 . 57

4, 292
4, 037
255

S i z e of c o m m u n i t y ;
M e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s 3----------- --------- ---------— —
Non m etr o polita n a r e a s
--------------------------------

57 ,4 04
13, 197

2.98
2.81

3, 618

2.67

15, 133

3.03

3, 363

Siz e of es ta blish m ent:
20—99 w o r k e r s ----------------------- -----------------------10 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ------ ---------------------------- -0

14 ,9 8 1
55 ,6 20

2.63
3.03

Labo r-m a n ag e m en t contracts;
E s t a b l is h m e n t s with—
M a j o r i t y of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d -------------------N o n e or m i n o r i t y of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d -----

61,244
9, 357

3.01
2. 56

1
2
3

-

-

-

Dashes




in d ica te

data

rep orted

or

data that

$2. 80
2. 82
2. 50

2.8
8

-

Southwest

G reat Lakes

Mid dle W e st

P acific

9,33 9
9, 009
330

$ 2. 58
2. 59
2. 36

4, 163
3, 779
384

$2.78
2. 81
2. 50

22 ,283
18 ,70 8
3, 5 75

$ 3. 04
3.12

4, 173
3,62 5
548

$2. 89
2. 96
2. 46

5, 41 4
5, 170
244

$ 3 .5 2
3. 54
3. 13

5, 850
3, 489

2.60
2. 55

3, 339

2. 70

17 ,6 5 0
4, 633

3.06
2. 93

3, 190

2. 91

4, 690

3.52

-

*

2.62

-

-

"

3.09

3, 764

2. 79

7,751

2. 64

3,288

2.90

4, 572
17,711

2.66

2.90

2,99 4
12,724

2.68

3, 035

3.13

3, 1 13

3.03

3, 962

3.62

3, 290

2.81

13,746

3.07

3,782

2. 81

7,711

2. 64

3, 38 1

2. 78

20, 534

3. 07

3, 125

3.00

5 ,115

3. 57

Areas

as

-

-

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f or w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r t he M o u n t a i n r e g i o n in add it io n to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
T h e t e r m " m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a , " a s u s e d in t hi s st ud y, r e f e r s to S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l

NOTE:

Southeast

B o r d e r States

N um ber A v e r a g e N um be r A v e r a g e N um ber A v e r a g e N um ber A v e r a g e N um ber A v e r a g e N um be r A v e r a g e Num be r A v e r ag e
of
of
of
of
hourly
of
ho urly
hou rly
hou rly
of
of
ho urly
hourly
hourly
w o r k e r s earning sw o r k e r s earn in gs w o r k e r s ear nings w o r k e r s earn in gs w o r k e r s earni ng s w o r k e r s ea rni ng s w o r k e r s earnings

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------Men_
—— _____________________ - ---------W o m e n --------------------- ------------------------------------------

-

and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

do no t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n

crite ria.

-

-

-

defined

-

by

t he

U. S.

-

O ff ic e

of

Management

-

and

Bu dget

-

through

-

January

-

1968.

Table 36. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Earnings distribution
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n of p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s by a v e ra g e str a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , 1 U nited States

A v e r ag e hourly earnings

Uni ted S ta t e s

1
T ot al

$ 1 .60 and u n d e r $ 1 . 6 5 _______________________
$ 1. 6 5 and u nd e r $ 1 . 7 0-------------------------------------------$ 1 . 7 0 and u n d e r $ 1 . 7 5------------------------- --------------$
$
$
$
$

1.7 5
1. 8 0
1.85
1.9 0
1.95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
u nd e r

$
$
$
$
$

$ 2.0 and
0
$ 2.10 and
$ 2. 2 0 and
$ 2. 30 and
$ 2. 40 and

under
under
under
u nd e r
under

$ 2.1 0
------ ----- -------------------------------$ 2.20
______________________
$ 2. 30_______________________
$ 2. 40_______________________ _
$ 2 . 5 0_______________________

$
$
$
$
$

2 . 50
2. 60
2. 7 0
2. 80
2. 90

and
and
and
and
and

under
u nd e r
u nd e r
u nd e r
under

$
$
$
$
$

2. 60_____________________ _
2. 7 0
-------------------------------------------2. 80________________________
2.9 0_______________________
3. 00______________________

$
$
$
$
$

3.00
3.10
3. 20
3. 30
3. 40

and
and
and
and
and

under
u n d ei
under
u nd e r
u nd e r

$
$
$
$
$

3 . 1 0 _______________________
3. 2 0...................................................
3. 3 0______________ _ _______
3. 40_______________________
3 . 50--------------------------------------------

$
$
$
$
$

3. 5 0
3. 60
3.70
3. 80
3. 90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
u nd e r
u nd e r

$
$
$
$
$

$ 4. 00
$4.10
$4.20
$4.30
$4.40

and
and
and
and
and

u nd e r
u nd e r
u nd e r
under
u nd e r

$ 4 . 5 0 and o v e r

1. 80-------------------------------------------1 . 8 5 --------------- ------------------------1 . 9 0................................................
1 . 9 5 _______________________
2. 00_______________________

0
.1
.1

0
.1
.1

.4

.4

.2

.2

.4
.4

Women

.3
.4
.5
.4

.6
.5

2.1
2.8

1.2

(3 )

1.0

.4
.4
.5
.5

3.2
5.6

4.3
2.9
4. 1
4. 5
9. 5

12.1
11.4
9.8

8
.0
10
.8
8
.1

5.9

6.2

5.6
5.0
3.9

6.5
5.9
5 .4
4. 2

3.4
2.9
3.3

3. 60____________________ __
_
3 . 7 0 _______________________
3. 80_______________________
3. 90 _______________
____
4. 00_______________________

3.4
2.5

3. 7
2. 7

1.4

1.6

$ 4 . 1 0_________________ _ __
_
$ 4 . 2 0_______________________
$ 4 . 3 0 _____ __________________
$ 4 . 4 0 _____________ _________
$ 4 . 5 0 _______ _______________

1.6

1.8
.8
.8

_____________________________

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s ___ __ __
_
_ _ ____
_
____
A v e r a g e J i o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1____________________

6
.6

6.1

2
.0
1.8

5.9
3.2

Because




of

rou nd in g,

sum s

of in d iv id u a l

1.0
1.9
2.3
3.6
5.5
5.2
7 .2
7.7
9.0
8.7

.1
-

.7
3. 7
5.1
7.0
8.9

6
.6
8
.1

4. 7

5.8

4 .6
4.7
3. 1

2.1

1. 7

.4

1.9
.6

.4
.3

7, 873
$ 2. 56

$3.00

equal

100.

4, 462
$ 2 . 70

shifts.

1. 7

10 .0
0
15,718
$ 3. 02

.9
1. 5
3.8

6
.0

7.0

2.2

.6

2. 5
4.8
6.5

6
.8
6
.8

10. 4
1 0. 7
7.8

1. 4
1.4

10 .0
0

.8
.6
1.6

8.9

2.2
1.2
.8
.8

.7
.5

.4

.2
.1
.1

6
.0

2.5
2.5

-

1. 4

.2
.1

2.9

1.0

.1

.6

5.8

6
.6

1.3

1.0

-

(3 )

.6
.5

10
.2
6.8
6.1
8
.0

12.0

.2
.1
.1
.4

10 .0
0
4, 292
$2. 80

1.8

(3 )
.3

(3 )
(3 )
(3 )

Pacific

0
.1
(3 )

2.6

10.1
8
.0

1.0
1.0
.6
.6
.2

.7

.2
.2

M i d dl e
West

8
.0

10.5

3.0

6.2

Great
Lakes

3. 7
2.4
2.3
5.2
4.2

2.8

.2

7 .4

_
0.5

(3 )
1.4
.7
2.5
.7

2.0

.1

62, 728

not

6
.6

10 .0
0

1.5

may

8.9
9.8
7.1
6.4

.2

1. 5

3.2
3.2
3.1
2.4

.1
.1
.1
.1
.1

10 .0
0

item s

.2

_

-

3.9
3.5
5.0
2. 7
2.5

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r t h e M o u n t a i n r e g i o n in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t h a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

1. 4

S o u th w e s t

0.5
_

5.9
4.8
3. 1

.1

.5

70,601
$ 2. 95

.9

1.2

.2

.5
.4
.3

•3

1.3

Southeast

.8

1.9

10 .0
0

Border
States

1970 )

5.0
3.1
3.3
3.1
2.4

1.8
1.1

2.2

.7
.7
.4
.3

M arch

0
.1

1. 7
2.3

.8
1.0
.6
1.1
1.1

2. 5
3.3
3. 6
4. 5

6.5
7.6
7 .5
7 .5

Middle
At lantic

.7
.9

2.0

4.3
4. 5
5.1

New
England

0
.6

6.3
7.2
7.4
7.7
7.0

T o t a l _____ _____________________________

1
2
3

2

Mer

and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

-

0
.1
.8

.9

.4
.9
.9

.2

7.9
9.0
8.3
7.8

10
.1

.1 ■

7 .7
8.5

.4
.6
.4

6.6

6
.6

2.0

7.1
6.5
5.7
4. 7

4. 7
5.1
4.2
3.9
4. 4

4. 2
2. 7
2.4
1.9

3.3
2.9
2.4
1. 7

8.7
5.6
3.4
3.1
2.5

.7

8.9
2.4

2.3

1.6
1.6
.6
.7
.7

.8
.2

(3 )

2.0
1.1
.8

6
.0

1.1

.7

.6

.8
.2
.6

.4

.3

5.2

12.8
9.5
12.9

10
.1

2.1
.5
.5

.2

.1

1.0

1.1

6
.2

10 .0
0

10 ,0
0

10 .0
0

10 .0
0

10 .0
0

9, 339
$ 2. 58

4, 163
$ 2. 7 8

22 ,283
$ 3. 04

4, 173
$2. 89

5, 41 4
$3. 52

Table 37. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational averages— all establishments
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a ti o n s ,

U ni t ed S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

Uni t ed S t a t e s 2
Department,

occupation,

and s e x

Co rr u g a ti ng :
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s ( a l l m e n ) ----------Cor ru gator-com bin in g-m achin e
o p e r a t o r s ( a l l m e n ) ----------------------------------------D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s . (al l m e n ) --------------O ff-b earers (corrugating-com biningm a c h i n e ) (2, 92 7 m e n, 3 w o m e n ) -----------------R o l l s u p p l y m e n ....................................................... -

Number
of
workers

1, 204

(6 5 9 m e n ,

W o m e n - ----------------------------------------------------Fin ishin g:
F o l d i n g - and g l u i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,
a u t o m a t i c (1, 065 m e n, 51 w o m e n ) ....... .........
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------W o m e n - ----------------------------------------------------T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------M e n ----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------

See

footn otes




at

end

of

tab le,

$3. 0 0 - $ 3 . 75

Ho urly earn in gs
Me an

3

Me dian

3

1

Hou rly earni ng s

M i d d l e r a n ge

3

OI
w orkers

Mean

3

M edian3

1

Middle r a n g e 3

$3. 15

$3. 00

307

$3. 39

$3. 26

54

3. 46
3. 06

3 . 40
3. 03

3.092. 7 7 -

3.75
3. 29

293
242

3. 61
3. 30

3. 60
3. 18

2. 9 8 -

3. 9 0
3. 6
1

2. 85
3. 09

2. 8
9

2.612. 8 7 -

3. 0 9
3. 34

625
194

3. 04
3. 09

2.91
3. 04

2. 7 8 2. 9 2 -

3. 24
3. 33

3. 44

3. 3 2 -

3. 95

71

6
8

3. 57
3. 26

3. 2 1 2. 9 8 -

3. 92
3. 57

2, 930
918

3. 03
3. 13

3. 00
3. 09

2.732. 8 0 -

3. 29
3. 42

166
60

106

3.48

3. 39

3. 1 0 -

3. 76

-

-

3. 02

-

$2. 9 1— $3. 41

41

-

3.

6
8

$2. 9 9 - $ 3 . 7 2
3.2(r~

662

3.46

3. 39

3. 1 7 -

3. 77

42

3. 28

3. 21

3.00-

3.49

112

3. 61

3.40

3. 29~ 3. 77

3, 828

3. 35

3. 26

2.98-

3. 68

206

3. 17

3. 02

2. 9 0 -

3. 24

825

3. 50

3. 40

3. 1 5 -

3. 77

272

3. 15

3. 11

2.

8—
6

3.40

37

2. 9
0

2. 8
6

2. 7 3 -

2. 90

26

3. 63

3. 48

3. 2 8 -

3. 87

3, 185
371

3. 35
3. 51

3. 25
3. 36

2.983. 1 1 -

3.69
3. 87

148

21

3. 25
3. 11

3. 06
3. 06

2. 9 5 2. 9 0 -

3. 25
3. 27

671
128

3. 46
3. 63

3. 38
3. 56

3. 1 5 3. 3 2 -

3.77
3. 96

4, 012

3. 01

2.9 7

2.69-

3. 33

2 16

2. 87

2. 81

2. 6 0 -

2. 94

7 81

3. 06

3. 00

2. 7 8 -

3. 26

2. 6
6

2. 60

2.49-

2. 70

18

3. 43

3. 07

2. 9 6
-

4. 33

2. 92

2. 82

2.60-

2. 97

683

3. 04

3. 00

2.78-

3. 23

2.9 7

80

3. 21

3. 09

2. 9 5 -

3.44

3. 06

4 77

3. 24

3. 22

3. 0 3 -

3. 41
3. 53
3. 34

268

2. 80

2. 77

2. 5 8 - 2. 96

3, 41 8

3. 00

2. 9
8

2. 6 9 -

3. 22

3. 07

2. 8 8

3. 39

18

2. 9
8

2. 97

2. 8 3 -

3. 15

3. 07

2.79-

3. 43

112

2. 93

2.92

2. 7 5 -

326

2, 0 6
9

3. 33

44
15 4

7 61
1, 163

3. 12
3. 16

3. 10
3. 06

2.752.81-

3. 42
3. 43

48
63

2. 9
1
2. 94

2. 90
2. 93

2. 65— 3. 11
2 . 7 9 - 3 . 06

221
217

3. 31
3. 15

3. 34
3. 13

3. 0 7 2.96-

943

2. 87

2. 84

2. 5 0 -

3. 18

46

2.63

2. 67

2. 4 2 -

2. 96

185

2.98

2. 85

2.68-

3. 25

2. 84
2. 90

2. 81

2. 5 0 - 3. 11
2. 5 7 - 3 . 2 0
2. 2 6 - 2. 91
2 . 4 0 - 3. 05
2. 1 8 - 2. 7 1
2. 5 8 - 3. 21
2. 21- 2 . 7 9
2. 2 6 - 2.86
2. 1 8 - 2. 73
2 . 6 2 - 3. 24
2 . 6 2 - 3. 25
2. 5 3 - 3. 00
2 . 6 5 - 3. 19
2 . 6 7 - 3. 25
2 . 4 5 - 2. 83

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
-

1.902. 5 8 2.412. 5 0 2.052.412. 5 0 2. 56—
2. 55—
2. 59“
2. 5 9 -

98
64
238
135
103
31
168
73
95
400
358
42
225
1 94
31

2. 97
2.95
2. 77
2.91
2. 59
2. 76
2. 63
2. 6
8
2. 60
3. 01
3. 04
2. 75
3. 03
3. 10
2. 60

2. 8
6
2. 8
6

-

2. 30
2. 83
2. 50
2.59
2.41
2. 49
2. 56
2. 75
2. 74
2. 73
2. 73

2. 48
3. 11
2.77
2. 84
2.41

2. 65
2.47
2. 94
2. 95
2. 83
2. 93
2. 95
2. 7 1

2. 87
2. 64
2. 67
2.47
2. 85
2.60
2. 65
2.41
2. 8
9
2. 90
2. 85
2. 87
2. 8
9
2. 67

15
29
62
40

2. 63
3. 00
3. 03
2.61

2. 7 4 2. 6 5 2. 3 8 2.472. 2 6 2.632. Z 6
—
2. 3 8 2. 2 6 2. 7 9 2. 8 0 2. 4 5 2. 7 5 —
2. 8 4 2. 4 0 -

3. 25
3. 22
3. 04
3. 13
2. 85
2.89
2. 92
2.96
2. 9
0
3. 16
3. 17
2. 97
3. 30
3.38
2. 69

3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2 . 7 7 - 3. 42
2 . 3 9 - 3. 01
2 . 4 2 - 3. 05
2. 3 7 - 2 . 9 5
2. 3 9 - 3. 02
2. 5 0 - 3. 22
2. 3 3 - 2. 75

258
246
126

3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.
2.

3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

3. 35
2. 99
3. 01
2. 91
3.07
3. 23
2. 85

2 0 w o m e n ) ----------------------------------------------------P l a t e n ( 37 4 m e n, 21 w o m e n ) ---------------------S t r i p p e r s 4................................... .................................
M e n ________________________________
W o m e n _____________________________
A i r h a m m e r (7 7 m e n , 14 w o m e n ) ------------H a n d ............. .................................. ..........................
M e n ________________________________
W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s ------ -------------------------- ---------- —
M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n - ---------------------- -----------------------------S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------

$3. 33

3

3. 59
3. 29

3 w o m e n ) -----------------------------------------

C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s o p e r a t o r s
(2, 002 m e n , 94 wo me n ) 4-----------------------------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ( 726 me n,
35 w o m e n ) ---------------------------------------------------P l a t e n (1, 1 1 1 m e n , 52 w o m e n ) -----------------C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s f e e d e r s
(902 m e n , 41 w o m e n )4 ---------------------------------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y (433 me n,

$3.4 1

Middle range

N um ber
of
workers

1, 185
1, 075

Printing:
F l e x o g r a p h ic p r in t er o p e r a t o r s (printing
o p e r a t i o n s onl y) ( a l l m e n ) ----------------------------F l e x o g r a p h ic p r in t er o p e r a t o r s (printing
and f a b r i c a t i n g o p e r a t i o n s )
P rin ter-slotter-m ach in e operators
(3, 8 1 4 m e n , 14 w o m e n ) --------------------------------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r (262 m e n,
10 w o m e n ) --------------------------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r (3, 181 m e n,
4 w o m e n ) ----------------------------------------------------T h r e e - c o l o r or m o r e p r i n t e r ( a l l m e n ) —
P rin ter-slotter-m ach in e assistants
(3, 9 7 4 m e n, 38 w o m e n ) --------------------------------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r (267 m e n,
1 w o m a n ) ___________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r (3, 382 m e n ,
36 w o m e n ) --------------------------------------------------T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r ( 32 5 m e n,
1 w o m a n ) ------------------- ---------------------------------

Mean3

M edian3

Middle At la ntic

N ew England

Hourly e a r n i n g s 1

1,

1,

1,
1,

453
395
269
904
365
91
033
709
324
874
7 79
95
814
738
76

1, 116
1, 658
91 5
743
2, 637
1, 424
1, 213

2.66
2. 73
2.48

2.90
2. 59

10
74
75
72
74

8
6

60

07
73
75
70
67
81
50

2
2
56
36
-

90
•8
8
-

40
40
~

45
95
57
38
160
60

10
0

23
82
56

6
8
35

2. 50
2. 63
2. 82
2. 81
2. 77
2. 77
”

3. 00
2. 63
2. 58
2. 69
2.61
2. 70
2. 55

“

3. 00
2. 63
2. 62
2. 63
2. 62
2. 67
2. 30

2.77
2. 84
3.02
3. 02

2.86
2.86

"
2. 7 7 2. 5 8 2. 5 8 2. 5 5 2.202.622. 2 0

3. 12
2. 83
2. 72
2. 83
2.77
2.77
2. 9
1

12
0

5 54
287
267

23
85
87
84
87
01
72

2. 7 1
2. 83
2. 50
2. 76
2. 52
2. 6
8
2.4 9

2.96
2. 96

17
84
87
80
80

8
9
55

9765—
7555527442-

Table 37. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational averages— all establishments-----Continued
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

U n ited S t a te s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

U ni t e d S t a t e s 2
Department,

occupation,

and s e x

Miscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A ( a l l men)..
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s B (106 me n,
w o m a n ) --------------------------------------------------B a l e r s (1, 246 m e n , 3 w o m e n ) ----------------B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s --------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------W o m e n _________________________
C a t c h e r s ------------------------------------------------------Me n _ _
_ __________________________
W o m e n _________________________
D i e m a k e r s (339 m e n , 10 w o m e n ) -----------• E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e ( a l l m e n ) ----J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s _______
M e n ____________________________
W o m e n _________________________
M a in te na nc e men, g e n e r a l utility
(1, 100 m e n , 15 w o m e n ) ------------------ ------ M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ( a l l m e n ) --------S hi ppi ng c l e r k s (2 5 1 m e n , 13 w o m e n ) —
R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ( a l l m e n ) ---------------------Sh ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
( 3 19 m e n , 11 w o m e n ) ________________
S t a r c h m a k e r s ( a l l m e n ) _______________
T r u c k d r i v e r s ( a l l me n) 5 -------------------------O t h e r t h an s e m i - o r t r a i l e r ---------------S e m i - o r t r a i l e r -----------------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) (3, 031 m e n,
43 w o m e n ) __________________________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r t h an f o r k l i f t )
( a l l m e n ) ____________________________

Num be r
of
workers

92

1

N ew England

Hourly earn in gs
M ean3

$3. 09

107
249
21 7
485
732
355
056
299
349
158
762
720
42

2. 80
2. 79

Median3

$3. 16

1

Middle r a n g e 3

$2. 7 5 - $ 3 . 3 3

Number
of
workers

-

$2. 70

$2 6
. 9
2. 57
2. 56

1, 1 1 5
1, 0 2
0
264
87

3. 32
3. 61
3. 10
2. 8
8

3. 30
3. 57
2.9 7
2. 97

2.973. 2 7 2.772. 6 —
6

3.64
3. 89
3. 35
3. 10

38
38

330
446
2, 300
490
1, 678

3. 07
2. 9
8
3 . 40
3. 07
3. 50

2. 9
6

2.662. 6 8
2. 9 2 2. 5 0 3. 06—

3. 42
3. 27
3. 95
3. 72
3. 96

21
31
225
39
186

3, 074

2. 97

2.91

2.65-

3. 29

148

622

3. 02

2. 97

2. 8 0 -

3. 34

49
321
304
17
35
32
-

21
7
42
40

2.66

2.67
2. 53
2.4 9
2. 50
-

3. 21
3. 69

2. 39

Co rr u g a ti ng :
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s ---------------------Co r r u g a t o r - c o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ____________________________
D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s --------------------------O f f - b e a r e r s (c o r r u g a t i n g - c o m b i n i n g m a c h i n e ) -----------------------------------------------------R o l l s u p p l y m e n ___ __________ ___ ______
Pr intin g:
F l e x o g r a p h i c p r i n t e r o p e r a t o r s ( p ri n t i ng
o p e r a t i o n s o n l y ) ----------------------- ----------------F l e x o g r a p h i c p r i n t e r o p e r a t o r s ( p ri n ti n g
and f a b r i c a t i n g o p e r a t i o n s ) ____________
P r i n t e r - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ---------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r ------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ---------------------------------T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r --------------P r i n t e r - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e a s s i s t a n t s -------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r ------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r __________________
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r ---------------

footn otes




at

end

of

table.

2.66
2. 53
2. 54
.
3. 16
-

$2. 43—$2. 77
2 . 4 2 - 2. 74
2 .4 2 - 2.73
2 .4 5 - 2.77
2. 5 1 - 2. 58
2. 5 1 - 2. 58
-

3. 0 0 -

3. 36

-

2. 42

3. 20
3. 38
2.96

3. 07
3.48
-

2 .142. 1 5 -

2.72
2.74

2.983. 1 7 _

3.6 2
3. 65

-

10
-

12

-

289
1, 107
9 51
156
309
216
93

6
6

29
17 3
150
23
260

198
50

2
0

-

2. 81

3. 27
2. 87
3.4 2
2. 60
3.60

2.
3.
2.
3.

2. 83

2. 83

2. 8
8

_
11

71
35
55
55

Hourly e a r n i n g s 1
Mean

3

1

Middle r a n g e 3

N um ber
of
workers

_

_

3. 13
3. 61
3. 07
2.95

_

$2. 85
2. 81
2. 8
6

2.66

2. 76
2. 77
2. 6
6
3. 17
3.69
2. 56
2. 58
2.45
3. 0 8
3. 64

$2. 6 5 - $ 3 . 05
2 . 6 3 - 3.06
2 . 6 7 - 3. 11
2. 3 9 - 2. 78
2 . 4 2 - 2.98
2 . 4 1 - 3. 03
2 . 4 2 - Z. 96
3. 0 8 - 3. 39
3. 5 7 - 3. 72
2 . 3 2 - 2.6 7
2. 3 2 - 2. 69
1 . 7 0 - 2. 45

3. 02

2.803. 3 6 2.652.72-

3.
2.
3.
3.
3.

3.00- 3.75
2. 7 7 - 3. 17
3 . 5 4 - 3.95
3. 3 0 - 3. 72
3 . 6 0 - 4.00

2. 8
8

3.46
3. 87
3. 30
3. 29

681
195
458

2. 5 7 -

546

3. 04

3.01

2. 8 4 -

3.20

122

2. 93

2. 93

2.73-

3.05

2. 94

-

M edian3

M i d dl e r a n g e 3

.

$2. 98
2. 8
8
2. 90
2.95
2. 60
2. 76
2. 79
2. 69
3. 25
3. 65
2. 45
2. 49
2. 2
0

3

2. 6 3 - 4. 25
2 . 6 1 - 3.08
3. 1 1 - 3. 8
6
2. 2 0 - 2 . 9 5
3. 3 0 - 3. 8
6

58

111

3. 36
3. 03
3.6 9
3. 52
3. 76

32
97
82
72
82

S o u th w es t

Hourly e a r n i n g s 1
Mean3

Media n

Middle r a n g e 3

N um ber
of
workers

Hourly earni ngs
Mean3

M edian3

1

M i d dl e r a n ge

83

$3. 24

$3. 18

149

$2.95

$2.99

$2. 57— $3. 19

75

$3. 34

$3. 25

70
64

3. 30
3. 18

3. 21
3. 10

2. 8 8
2. 8 0 -

3. 73
3. 56

170
149

3. 17
2. 85

3. 15
2. 85

2 . 7 9 - 3.4 4
2. 54r - 3 . 0 8

76
72

3. 55
3. 25

3.66
3. 4 0

3.092.92-

3.84
3. 45

179
58

2. 90
3. 07

2. 79
2. 8
8

2. 5 5 2.71-

3. 26
3.41

41 7
125

2. 6
8
2. 67

2. 62
2. 69

2 . 3 9 - 2.99
2. 3 6 - 2 . 8 3

227
60

2. 8
8

2. 9
8

3. 05

3. 15

2. 5 0 2.69-

3. 09
3. 39

2 . 7 7 - 3. 49
2. 8 2 - 3. 30
2 . 7 7 - 3. 29
2. 9 0 - 4 . 5 0
2. 5 3 - 3. 24
2. 5 0 - 2 . 9 4

10
1

61
246
219
23
288
-

248

3. 12
3. 17
3. 11
3.71
2. 8
9
-

2. 81

-

2.95
2. 97
2.96
3. 29
2. 7 1
-

2. 64
”

"

See

Median3

„

Number
of
workers

Southeast

Hourly earni ng s
Mean3

Middle r a n g e 3

-

2. 42
2. 42

B o r d e r S t a te s
N um be r
of
workers

1

_

-

2. 72
2. 76
2. 50
2.69
2. 73
2. 56
3. 20
3. 81
2. 54
2. 55
2. 32

94
50
07
56

M edian3

_

3. 21
3. 05
2. 98
3.05
2. 72
2. 98
3. 02
2. 79
3.40
4. 20
2. 75
2. 75
2.60

2.
3.
3.
3.

Mean3

-

2.402.492. 3 6 2.422. 23—
2.402. 44—
2. 3 1 2.863.452. 3 3 2. 3 4 2.08-

1,
1,

Middle Atlantic

Ho urly earni ng s

_

2. 73
2. 77
2. 6
8
2. 72
2. 42
2. 67
2. 70
2. 60
3. 13
3. 68
2. 55
2. 56
2.45

1,
5,
4,

M a r c h 19 70 )

"

$2. 7 7 - $ 3 . 52

-

“

-

549
56
483
638
71
561

3. 05
2. 96
2. 98
2.95
2. 62
2. 53
2. 62
“

-

3. 17
2. 90
3. 00
2. 9
0
-

2. 55
2. 65
2. 55
“

-

2. 7 1 2.632.65—
2.63-

3.
3.
3.
3.

37
21
30
14

-

2. 3 4 - 2. 8
6
2 .2 0 - 2.65
2. 34— 2 .86
”

35
206

_

_

$2. 9 2 - $ 3 . 70

_

3.65
3. 03

2. 8 4 - 3. 97
2 . 7 6 — 3. 62

148
50
226

3.44
3. 09
2. 73
3. 07
3. 21
2. 8
6

3. 02
3. 14
2. 84

2.702.812. 4 8 -

3 . 60
3.62
3. 22

17 3

2. 81

2. 71

2. 39—

3. 31

8

_

_

_

_

"

_

_

"

3

Table 37. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational averages— all establishments---- Continued
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t i o n s ,

U ni t ed S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

Department,

occupation,

Hourly ea rnings

Numbe r

and s e x

workers

C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s o p e r a t o r s 4
-----C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ---------------------------------------

M ean3

M edian3

S o ut h w e s t

Southeast

B o r d e r St at es

1

M i d d l e r a n ge

3

N um ber
of
workers

Ho urly ea rni ng s
M ean3

84
84
80
63
63
63
53
53

$ 2 79— $ 2 99
.
.
2 . 6 9 - 3. 06
2. 7 4 - 2. 91
2. 3 6 - 3. 00
2. 35— 2. 97
2 . 4 8 - 3. 60
2 . 4 1 - 2. 67
2 . 4 1 - 2. 67
_
_
_

244
90
117
168
81
59
190
17 8
_
>

$2. 76
2. 78
2. 73
2. 52
2. 54
2.45
2. 50
2. 52
_
_

Median3

1

Middle range

69
67

2. 55
2. 56

2. 49
2. 48

2. 3 5 - 2. 67
2. 35— 2. 67
_

171
159
_

2.4 8
2. 51
..

110
110

2.71
2. 71

2. 61
2. 61

2.422.42-

3. 00
3. 00

256
253
_

2. 59
2. 59
_

$2. 65
2.65
2. 62
2. 42
2. 48
2.40
2. 30
2. 42
_
.
2. 26
2. 42
2.42
2. 42
_

32
31

2. 76
2. 77

2. 6
8

2.

2. 71

2. 5 0 2. 5 4 _

81
2. 83
_

96
96
„

2. 43
2. 43
_

2.47
2.47
-

$2. 4 5 - $ 3 . 07
2. 54
3. 16
2 . 4 3— 3. 03
2. 78
2. 1 9 2. 36
2. 80
2. 10 2. 61
2. 1 9 - 2. 73
2. 19— 2. 73
2. 1 7 - 2. 73
2. 1 5 - 2. 73
2. 2 - 2. 79
0
2. 2 - 2. 79
0
2. 2 7 - 2. 63
2. 2 7 - 2. 63
-

64
98
81
17

2. 79
2. 81

2. 73

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2. 5 4 2. 5 6 2. 6 1 2.442.402. 4 0 2. 4 4 -

2.
3.
3.
2.
3.
3.
2.

2.61
2. 39
2.43
2. 33
2. 37
2. 39
2. 26

2. 5 3 - 2 80
.
2. 2 - 2. 78
2
2. 1 9 - 2. 78
2. 2 8 - 2. 72
2. 1 8 - 2. 61
2. 1 8 - 2. 76
2. 2 5 - 2 39
.

2. 0 8 2. 2 2

132
73
57
60
37
23
89
87

$2.91
2. 8
6
2. 9
6
2. 79
2. 67
2. 97
2. 65
2. 65

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

_
Hand

___ ___ ___ _____________________

Fin ish in g:
F o l d i n g - and g l u i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,
a u t o m a t i c _ __________- - _______ _^
_
_____ _
_ _
_
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s _____________________ _
Wo men _
T a p i n g — a r h i n *>
m >
=
Women

___

__ _____________
_
....... .
........

-______ ___ _ _ _
_ _
_

___

M iscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A _______ - _ __
_
Adjusters
mrir b i n pJ r l ^ p p R
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s __________ ________ _____
W o m e n ______ _____ _______ ________
_
C a t c h e r s ____________________________ _ _ _
W o m e n _______ ____________________ D i e m a k e r s _- ___ ____ ____ _ _____ ______
_
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e ( a l l m e n) ----------Janitors
p n r t p rp, qnH r l p ^ n p r s
_
_
W o m e n ____ - _ _____ ____ ....__________
M a i n t e n a n c e m e n, g e n e r a l u t i l i t y _- __—____
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___ _______________
rl^rks
- ...... - R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ___ - ____ ________ _______ _
S hi ppi ng and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
_ - ____ ___
S t a r c h m a k e r s ___________ ____ _. . . . . _______
T r u c k d r i v e r s 5____- ____ ______ __- ___ ___
_
_
O t h e r t han s e m i - o r t r a i l e r - — --------------S e m i - or t r a i l e r _________ _______ _______
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) - ___ - _____
_
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o th e r t h a n f o r k l i f t ) -----------

See

fo otn otes




at

end

of

table.

2.71

20
1
16
6

2. 79
2. 82

35

2.6 5

_

_

78
70
70
70
70
74
55

_

_

_

85
00
06
95
15
20
72

_

70
347
288
59
157
153

2.6 7
2.46
2.48
2. 39
2. 70
2. 70

2. 6
8

48

2. 95

2. 8
8

50
50

2. 48
2.48

2. 51
2. 51

2.412.41_

31
105
14

3. 00
3. 24
2. 72

3. 04
3. 28

2. 9 8

_

28

3. 00
2. 75
3. 04

2. 8
8
2. 63
3. 07

_

2 . 6 5 — 3. 11
2. 5 7 - 2 89
.
2. 7 7 - 3. 15
_
.

3. 07
2. 80
2. 57

3. 05
2. 78
2. 64

2. 7 7 2. 5 8 2. 4 2 -

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

44
44
39
63
63

_

2
1
15 5

121
17 7
18

2. 6
8
2. 52
2. 54
2.46
2. 46
2. 48
2. 33

32
183
766
750
_

2. 29
2. 40
2. 36
2. 36
_

2. 17
2. 32
2. 27
2. 27
_

107

2. 2
2
2. 2
2

2, 03
2. 03

2.482. 19
2. 1 9 2. 1 9 2.482.48_

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2. 7 3 _

3. 04
2. 55
2. 55

56

3. 15
3. 58

14 1
152
36
26
63
70
388
98
269
433
78

2. 7 8 -

87
61
62
53
95
95

16
6
340
2 73
67
35 1
294
57

10
1

_

_

_
_

3. 37

2. 8
8
2. 64

11
8
8
8
8
_

_
2. 83
3. 62
2. 23
2. 23
_

2. 80

2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2. 93
3. 29
2. 77
2. 50
2. 44
2. 48
2. 6
6
2. 33
2.79
2.40
2. 73

94
28
79
60
51
60
64
44
74
51
58

-

2. 2
2
2. 2
2
_

2. 40
2. 56
2. 1 4 - 2. 44
2. 14— 2. 46
_
1 . 9 5 - 2. 31
1 . 9 5 - 2. 34
.
.
2. 7 0 - 2 98
1 . 9 5 - 2. 35
1. 95— 2. 35
_
.
2. 6 - 3. 12
8
3. 0 6 - 3. 56
2. 5 0 - 2. 97
2. 2 3 - 2. 97
.
2. 3 3 - 2 62
2. 3 4 - 2. 93
. 0
2. 3 7 - 2 9
2 . 2 9 - 2. 54
2 . 6 1 - 2. 92
.
2. 3 0 - 2 62
2. 3 1 - 2. 85

3

Num be r
of
workers

95
32
56
31
18
13
74
72
65
65
83
82
~
47
46
-

62
95
37
58
123
64
59

69
319
27 5
44
15

11

46
46
42
77
.
25
29
89
35
36
199
45

Hourly e a r n i n g s 1
Mean3

$2. 84
2. 74
2. 8
6
2. 8
8
2. 99
2. 72
2. 6
9
2. 70
2. 70
2. 70
2. 8
6
2. 87
2. 82
2. 81
-

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

77
57
35
70
49
58
39

2. 78
2. 50
2. 54
2. 24
2. 93
4. 07
2. 39
2. 39
3. 10
3. 74
.
2. 94
2. 94
2. 56
2. 50
2. 45
2. 67
2. 90

Median3

$2. 73
2. 6
9
2. 74
2. 89
3. 00
2. 40
2.40
2.40
2. 40
2. 84
2. 84
2. 98
2. 9
2
-

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

73
53
42
73
39
60
26

-

2. 61
2. 37
2. 48
2. 2
0
2. 87
2. 35
2. 35
3. 05
3. 65
2. 84
2.6 9
2. 61
2. 42
2. 58
2. 57
2.93

M i d d l e r a n ge

$2. 55—$3. 17
.
2. 4 0 - 2 B3
2. 5 7 - 3. 11
2 . 5 1 — 3. 19
2. 8 9 - 3. 28
2. 12 3. 16
2. 12 3. 20
2. 12 3. 16
2. 12- 3. 16
2. 5 2 - 3. 18
2. 5 4 - 3. 18
2 . 4 2 - 2. 99
2 . 4 2 - 2. 99
-

2. 4 9 2. 3 2 2. 1 7 2. 3 5 2. 25—
2.422. 2 3 -

2. 3 7 -

2. 2 2

2. 2 7 2. 1 3 2. 6 7 2. 23—
2. 2 3 2. 9 3 3. 3 2 >
2.672.592. 2 5 2. 2 5 2. 5 4 2.452. 7 0 -

3. 06

2. 8
6
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

53
90
70
81
39

3. 24
2. 77
2. 84
2. 28
3. 44
2. 53
2. 53
3. 29
4. 20
3. 09
3. 25
2. 76
2. 76
2. 71
3. 07
3. 16

3

Table 37. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational averages— all establishments---- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s m s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 19 70)
M iddle W e st

G reat Lakes
D epartm ent,

occupation,

and sex

C orrugating:
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s — ---------------------Cor rug ato r-co m b in in g -m ach in e
o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------O ff-b e a re rs (c o rru g a tin g -co m b in in g m a c h i n e ) ------------------------------------------------------------R o l l s u p p l y m e n --------------------------------------------------

Num ber
of
w orkers

H o urly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean3

M edian3

M iddle ra n g e

3

Num ber
of
w orkers

Pacific

H o u rly ea rn in g s
M ean3

M edian3

1

M iddle r a n g e

3

N um ber
of
w orkers

H ourly e a rn in g s
M ean

3

M edian

3

1

M iddle r a n g e 3

$3. 55

$3.48

$3. 2 3 - $ 3 . 81

64

$3. 39

$3.43

$ 2 . 93—$3. 73

103

$4. 11

$4. 02

328
313

3.70
3 .4 5

3. 58
3.40

3. 3 7 - 3. 94
3. 1 0 - 3. 75

62
61

3. 58
3. 35

3. 57
3. 33

3. 26— 3. 90
3. 0 1 - 3. 64

106
1 10

4 . 15
3. 59

4. 08
3.48

4 .0 5 - 4 .0 8
3 . 4 6 - 3. 56

841
291

3. 22
3. 32

3. 13
3. 22

2 .9 0 3. 0 6 -

158
43

3. 12
3. 12

3. 14
2 . 99

2. 7 8 - 3. 52
2. 7 8 - 3. 54

28 5
71

3. 27
3. 57

3. 16
3. 55

3. 1 6 - 3 . 3 4
3. 4 2 - 3. 55

31

3.42

3. 39

3. 10— 3. 67

-

165
1, 236

3. 51
3. 39
3. 17
3.41
3.44
3. 16
2. 85
3. 17
3. 37

3.47
3. 35
3. 12
3. 38
3. 38
3. 10
2. 84
3. 11
3. 11

3. 2 7 - 3 . 7 4
3. 1 0 - 3. 62

23
23 3
_

3.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

3. 10
3. 11
3. 09
2 . 90
2 . 82
2.99
2. 65
2. 74
2. 47
3. 14
2. 65
2. 70
2. 42
3. 00
3. 00
2. 85
2. 93
2 . 96
2. 83

2 .8 6 . 752. 8 9 2. 6 5 2 .6 5 2 . 76r2 .4 7 2 .6 3 2. 1 8 2 . 902. 1 8 2 .6 0 2 . 182. 7 3 2 .7 3 2 .7 8 2. 7 3 2. 7 3 2. 66-

3.43
3. 39
3. 46
3. 22
3. 17
3. 28
2.79
3. 00
2. 65
3. 29
2. 76
2.80
2 . 66
3. 28
3. 31
3.00
3.20
3. 26
2 . 88

130
44
78
42
16
23
40
29

251
39

3. 18
3. 13
3. 21
2 . 98
2.92
3.05
2. 67
2 . 80
2.45
3. 16
2.61
2. 73
2. 43
3. 05
3. 06
2.93
3. 02
3. 05
2.79

F in ish in g :
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to rs ,
a u t o m a t i c ----------------------------------------------------------S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------- -------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ____________ ____ -.............. ............. ........
T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n __ ____________ ______ ______________

293
5 38
208
330
913
355
558

3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.
2.

14
73
84
67
76
02
59

3. 12
2. 75
2 . 83
2 .69
2. 73
2 . 98
2. 58

2 .9 3 - 3.40
2. 3 3 - 2. 97
2 . 5 9 - 3. 1 1
2. 3 3 - 2 . 8 2
2. 4 5 - 3. 02
2. 7 7 - 3. 35
2. 3 8 - 2. 74

90
93
48
45
146
59
87

3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.
2.

Mi s c e lla n e o u s:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A ------------------------A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s B -------------------------B a l e r s _____________________________________________
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ----------------------------------------------M e n _______________ _________________________
W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------

42
44
392
1, 535
1, 146
389

3. 19
3.02
2. 83
2. 76
2 . 8b
2.48

3. 32
2. 92
2 . 79
2. 72
2.7 9
2 . 49

3 .0 2 - 3.33
2. 7 3 - 3. 23
2 . 5 9 - 3. 0 0
2. 5 5 - 2. 94
2 .6 0 - 3.0 3
2. 2 3 - 2. 72

.
71
271
235
36

-

C utting and c r e a s in g :
C u t t i n g - a n d c r e a s i n g - p r e s s o p e r a t o r s 4 ____
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y __________________________
P l a t e n -------------------------------------------------------------C u t t i n g - a n d c r e a s i n g - p r e s s f e e d e r s 4 ---------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ---------------------------------------P l a t e n -------------------------------------------------------------S t r i p p e r s 4 -----------------------------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------A i r h a m m e r . ________________________________
H a n d — ..................- _________ ____________________
M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n — ________ _____ _____ __________
S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s --------------------- -------------- -----M e n ----------------------------------------- -----------------W o m e n ___________________________ _________
S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s ________________________________
M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------

See f o o tn o te s




a t end of ta b l e .

111

1, 01 9
106
1, 33 3
96
1, 127
110

73 5
196

476
35 8
172
154
525
322
20 3
37
423
24 9
174
67 0
628
42
290

2

3.46
3. 51

o

P rin tin g :
F le x o g ra p h ic p r i n t e r o p e r a t o r s (printing
o p e r a t i o n s o n l y ) ----------------------------------------------F le x o g r a p h ic p r i n t e r o p e r a t o r s (printing
a n d f a b r i c a t i n g o p e r a t i o n s ) ---------------------------P r i n t e r - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s --------------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r -------------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ---------------------------------------T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r --------------------P r i n t e r - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e a s s i s t a n t s -------------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r _________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ---------------------------------------T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r ---------------------

O'
T

336

1 1 - 3. 62
1 7 - 3. 80
8 7 - 3. 35
7 6 - 2. 8 6
9 0 - 3. 35
9 8 - 3. 58

222

.
204
199
-

11

_
38
27
11

104
99
-

32
30
-

-

-

3. 28
3. 33
.
3. 31
-

3. 01
3. 02

3. 14
3. 10
3. 16
2 . 88
3. 06
2. 76
2. 38
2. 35
2.47
_
2. 38
2. 34
2.47
2 . 88
2 . 89
2 . 68
2 . 68

-

2. 90
“
3. 00
2. 98
3. 00
2. 87
3. 4 4
2. 58
2. 31
2. 31
_
-

2.
2.
2.
2.

2.
2.
2.
2.

31
31

2
2

.
.

83
83
68
68

-

02
70
90
50
71
07
47

84
72
75
51

3.
.
2.
2.
2.
3.
2.

2

3. 1 9 - 3 . 2 4
2. 9 8 - 3. 56
-

2.9 9 -

3.55

-

2. 7 3 - 3. 30
2. 7 3 - 3. 30
2. 8 1 . 882. 8 0 2. 56—
2. 5 3 2. 5 3 2 . 00—
2 . 00_
_
2. 002 . 00—
2

3. 57
3. 29
3. 64
3. 37
3. 44
3. 00
2.63
2 . 60

2. 68
2.61

. 68- 2. 98
2 . 6 8 - 3. 01
_
2. 5 4 - 2 . 7 5
2. 5 4 - 2 . 7 6
2

2 . 68
2. 65
2. 65
2. 48

2. 7 5 2.4 0 2. 5 1 2. 3 0 2. 3 7 2. 7 4 2. 0 0 -

-

4 . 04
3.99
3. 59
4 . 02
4. 22
3. 42
3.41
3. 63

4.
4.
3.
4.

3. 87
3. 77
3. 92
3. 29
3. 29
3. 06
3. 19
2. 65
.
2. 98
3. 09
2. 65
3. 26
3. 26
3. 38
3. 38

4. 02
3. 75
4. 02
3. 18
3. 22
3. 09
3. 11
3. 07
3. 11
_
3. 33
3. 33
3. 33
3. 33

291
25
253
13
260
243
13

155
45
95
49
16
44
34
40
30
10

-

00
60
76
51
63
10
50

4 . 05

100

10

-

-

-

8

-

3. 20
3. 19
.
3. 19
2 . 90

135
135
_
50
50
-

3. 27
2. 95
3. 30
2. 6 8
2.95
3. 47
2. 63

_
_
2 . 5 1 - 3. 1 1
2 . 4 5 — 2. 89
2 . 5 0 - 2 . 89
2 . 102. 68

"

130
72
58
157
115
42

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

_
112

491
476
15

08
02
50
02

-

3. 9 6 3. 8 5 3. 3 3 3 .8 9 -

4. 08
4. 02
3. 73
4 .0 2

-

3. 35
3. 35
-

3. 3 4 - 3. 47
3. 3 4 - 3. 47
3. 6 3 3. 4 3 3. 6 4 3. 1 8 3. 1 8 3. 06—
3 .0 6 _

4. 02
4. 02
4.05
3. 33
3.30
3. 42
3.42

-

3. 0 6 3 .0 6 3. 05—
3 .0 5 _
3. 3 3 3. 3 3 -

3. 47
3. 47

691805—
25050589~

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

73
44
50
41
34
41
31

211 11 111-

3.
3.
3.
3.

33
27
27
63

75
28
25
31
15
22
95

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

70
33
33
33
29
33
10

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

3. 14
3.37
3. 40
3.40

-

19
16
15
43

_
.
3. 22
3. 11
3. 11
3. 53

3.
3.
3.
3.

02

-

-

122

$3. 9 4 - $ 4 .

-

3.
3.
3.
3.

Table 37. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational averages—all establishments---- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s ,

U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 19 70 )

occupation,

N um ber
of
w orkers

and sex

M is c e lla n e o u s — C o ntinue d
C a t c h e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------M e n ________________________________________
W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------D i e m a k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e ------------------------------J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s --------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------M a i n t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ------------------M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ----------------------------------S h i p p i n g c l e r k s --------------------------------------------------R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ------------------------------------------------S h i p p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ------------------------S t a r c h m a k e r s -----------------------------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 ----------------------------------------------------O t h e r t h a n s e m i - o r t r a i l e r -----------------------S e m i - o r t r a i l e r --------------------------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ----------------- ------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r t h a n f o r k l i f t ) ------------

1
2
3
4
5

501
387
114
95
54
263
248
15
480
25 6
108
25
84
93
506
37
432
948
262

H o u r l y e a r n i n g s 12
M e a n 34

$2 . 8 6
2 . 90
2 . 72
3. 35
3.61
2. 64
2. 64
2 . 59
3 .42
3. 57
3. 18
2 . 99
3. 14
3. 03
3.64
3.45
3 .64
3. 00
3. 11

M edian3

$2.79
2 . 80
2. 72
3. 26
3.48
2.60
2.60
2.62
3.48
3. 52
3.08
3.00
3.00
3.01
3. 84
3.48
3. 74
2.91
3. 02

M iddle r a n g e 3

$2 . 6 4 —$3. 08
2. 6 7 - 3. 13
2 .5 6 - 2.79
3 . 0 8 - 3. 55
3. 1 9 - 3. 95
2. 5 4 - 2. 78
2 .5 4 - 2 .78
2 . 4 5 - 2. 87
3. 1 9 - 3. 70
3. 3 3 - 3. 77
2 .9 2 - 3.56
2 .8 7 - 3.06
2. 8 6 - 3. 06
2 . 7 5 - 3. 27
3 .2 2 - 3.98
3. 1 0 - 3. 92
3. 2 1 - 3. 98
2. 7 5 - 3. 16
2 . 8 2 - 3.41

N um ber
of
w orkers

110

59
-

25
11

41
41
45
47
10

7
17
39
50
22
26

157
33

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid ay s, and late sh ifts.
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r t h e M o u n t a i n r e g i o n i n a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
S e e a p p e n d i x A f o r m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e m e a n s , m e d i a n s , a n d m i d d l e r a n g e s of e a r n i n g s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s i n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s i n a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c lu d e s d r i v e r s w ho o p e r a t e m o r e t h a n one ty p e of t r u c k an d a r e not sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

NOTE:

Dashes




i n d i c a t e no d a t a

reported

P acific

M iddle W e st

G reat Lakes
D epartm ent,

o r d a t a t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

H o u rly e a rn in g s
M ean3

$2.43
2. 73
3. 26
3. 72
2. 51
2. 51
-

$2.50
2. 64
3. 23
2. 58
2. 58

95-$2. 6 8
5 1 - 2. 87
1 0 - 3. 40
2 5 - 2. 60
2 5 - 2. 60

-

2. 9 2 3 .4 5 2. 3 0 2 .8 3 3 .2 6 2 .5 0 3. 3 8 2 .7 0 2 .99-

3. 37
3. 51
2.95
3. 13
3.40
3. 31
3.41
2. 83
3. 27

and m id d le

M iddle r a n g e 3

$1.
2.
3.
2.
2.

-

3. 32
3. 55
3. 24
3. 16
2. 75
3. 20
3. 28
2.97
3. 53
2 . 82
3. 16

M edians

M edian3

1

ran g es

are

3. 53
3.67

3.09
3.47
3.45
3.40
3. 99
3.09
3 .28

N um ber
of
w orkers

54
47
19
23
54
54
78
115
18
30
41
181
28
150
4 30
52

not p ro v id ed for jo b s

H o u rly ea rn in g s
M ean3

$3. 09
3. 04
4 . 06
4 . 72
3. 16
3. 16
4 . 33
4 . 52
3. 78
3. 76
3.46
4. 03
3. 46
4. 14
3. 60
3.66

M edian3

$3. 25
3. 25
4 . 06
4 . 72
3. 11
3. 11
4 . 59
4.60
3. 79
3. 74
3.45
4 . 18
3. 52
4. 18
3. 52
3. 58

with fe w e r than

1

M iddle ra n g e

3

$3. l b - $3. 30
3. l b - 3. 25
3. 84—- 4 . 0 6
4. 5 3 - 4 . 8 7
3. 1 1 - 3. 22
3. 1 1 - 3. 22
3 .7 2 - 4.61
4 . 4 9 - 4. 61
3 . 4 4 - 3. 92
3. 7 4 - 3. 74
3. 3 5 - 3. 52
4 . 0 2 - 4. 21
3. 2 0 - 3. 80
4. 1 0 - 4. 25
3 .4 8 - 3.60
3. 5 7 - 3. 64

15 w o r k e r s

in a re g io n .

Table 38. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational averages— by size of establishment
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d

:cu p a tio n s b y s i z e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t ,
U nited S ta tes

U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
New E n g lan d

2

M iddle A tlantic

B o r d e r S tates

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith—
Sex, d e p a r tm e n t,

and occupation

20-99
w orker s
Num ber
A verage
of
hourly
w orkers
earnings

w orkers
or m o re
A verage
hourly
earnings

100

Num ber
of
w orkers

100 w orkers
or m ore
N um ber
Average
of
hourly
w orkers
earnings

20-99
w orkers
Num ber
A verage
of
hourly
w orkers
ea rnings

100 w orkers
o r ]m o r e
Num ber
A verage
of
hourly
w orkers
earnings

100 w orkers
or m ore
N um ber
A verage
of
hourly
w orkers
earnings

M en
C o rru g a tin g :
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------------C o r r u g a t o r - c o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s --------------D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s ______________________________
O f f - b e a r e r s ( c o r r u g a t i n g - c o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e ) _____
R o l l s u p p l y m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------

140
133
97
264

$3.09
3.34
3.07
2.69

88

P rin tin g :
F le x o g r a p h ic p r i n t e r o p e r a t o r s (p rin tin g
a n d f a b r i c a t i n g o p e r a t i o n s ) ___________________________
P r i n t e r - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s __________________
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r --------------------------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ___________________________________
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r ______________________
P r i n t e r - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e a s s i s t a n t s __________________
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r _________________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ___________________________________
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r ______________________

$3.45
3 .6 2
3.3 1
3 .0 6
3 .1 6

64
61
47
143
56

$3.17
3.50
3. 11

2 .88

1, 06 4
1, 052
97 8
2, 6 6 3
83 0

89
884
117
722
45
809
83
700
26

3.38
3 .0 6
3 .0 2
3.08
2.92
2.75
2.63
2.76
2.65

57 0
2, 93 0
145
2, 4 5 9
326
3, 165
184
2 , 6 82
2 99

3 .4 8
3 .4 3
3 .2 5
3 .4 2
3. 5 9
3 .0 7

36
151
23
116

12

3.33
3.28
2 .9 7
3.35
3. 2 1
2.93
2.69
2.98
2.98

C utting an d c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - a n d c r e a s i n g - p r e s s o p e r a t o r s 3 ____________
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ___________________________________
P l a t e n __ _____ __________________________________________
C u t t i n g - a n d c r e a s i n g - p r e s s f e e d e r s 3 _______________
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ___________________________________
P l a t e n __________________________________________________
S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------------------S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------------------------

478
165
297
186
95
81
495
156

3.02
2.96
3.02
2.55
2.45
2 .7 1
2.70
2.74

1, 52 4
561
814
716
338
2 93
1, 284
582

3 .2 2
3.20
3.24
2.97
2.98
2 .9 6
3.04
3 .0 0

75
26
48
33

2.97
2.91
3. 0 1
2.83

26
70
29

2.87

11

2 .92

2.83

81
51

2.59
2 .7 5
2.93
2 .9 0

F inishing:
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to rs , autom atic.
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s _______________________________________
T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _____________________________

215
218
459

2 .8 8

850
69 7
96 5

3 .1 7
2.84
2.99

36
43
39

3.04
2.63
2.74

15
18
89

2 .9 1
2.64
2 .7 2

311

2.53
2.49
2.42
3. 11
4.43
2.35
2.95
3.70
3 .0 0
3. 1 1
2.74
3.14
2.98
3.27
2.74
2.76

2.88

41
23 3
32
14
7
35
33
36
7

2.73
2.75
2.50
3.05
3 .6 8
2.48
3 .1 9
3.38
3 .1 9
2 .8 1

59

2 .5 9
2 .5 7
2. 4 1
3 .0 0

M iscellan eo u s:
B a l e r s _____________________________________________________
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------C a t c h e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------D i e m a k e r s ________________________________________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e _____________________________
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ______________________
M a i n t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ____________________
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e _______________________________
S h i p p i n g c l e r k s ----------------------------------------------------------------S h i p p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _________________________
S t a r c h m a k e r s ____________________________________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s 4 ___________________________________________
O t h e r t h a n s e m i - o r t r a i l e r ________________________
S e m i - o r t r a i l e r ---------------------------------------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) -------------------------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r t h a n f o r k l i f t ) ________________

866
212
66
11

137
208
85
69
118
47
706
321
320
600
48

2.47
2.59

93 5
3, 61 9
844
273
147
583
892
917
182
201

399
1,594
169
1, 358
2, 431
57 4

2 .88

3 .0 6
3 .2 7

2 .8 2
2. 8 1
3.23
3. 7 7
2.60
3 .4 2
3 .6 0
3.18
3 .0 9
3.0 1
3. 51
3 .2 5
3 .5 5
3 .0 3
3.04

-

3.10

12

10

19

2 .6 6

2 74
25 9
2Z8
596
175

154

3 .1 8

98
671

3. 6 8
3 .5 7

41
223

2 .9 7
3.1 7

529

3.54
3.6 7
3 .1 2

202

17
263

3.1 2
3.86
2 .9 0

-

M iscellan eo u s:
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ________________________________________
C a t c h e r s ___________________________________________________

See fo o tn o te s




a t en d of t a b le .

_

_

142

3 .1 9
_

120

2 .7 6

-

64 9

_

_

57
56
161
54

$ 3 .2 6
3 .3 4
3.1 6
2 .9 4
3. 0 4

_

66

_

2 .7 6

551
80

3 .1 0
3.2 1

22 3

2. 81

97
42
47
26
15

3 .0 8
3 .2 1
2.93

372
179
162
150
76
51
277
143

3 .2 9
3 .3 3
3.24
3 .0 6
3 .0 8
3.0 1
3 .0 8
3. 17

121

2.9 2

62
57
58
35
23
93
29

2.8 8

22

Z
108
198

3 .3 0
2 .9 1
3. 1 4

47
71
131

2 .7 5
2. 8 3
2 .8 3

Z30
839
191
53
29
124
206
183
30
32
106
4 88

56
238
123
44

2. 4 8
2 .7 8
2 .9 0

40 0
512
113

2 .9 6
3 .0 0
2.84
3.3 1
3. 6 5
2 .5 6
3 .2 5
3.61
3.2 1
3 .4 4
3 .0 8
3.8 1
3. 6 6
3 .8 3
3 .0 4
2 .9 5

91
150
18

3 .0 3
2 .7 4
2. 5 7

114
199

2 .86

2 .8 3

17
35

2.7 1
2.6 5

140
87

2.64
2. 7 2

59

2 .3 9

2 .66

112

25
13
-

_

26
39
15
16
20
-

148
128

3 .6 7
3 .0 6
3 .7 0
2.87

193
127
58
34

12

2 .1 6
2 .6 9
3 .6 5
2 .9 6
3 .4 7

2 .88

6

_

$3.47
3. 6 7
3 .3 4
3 .0 8
3 .1 3

130

2.9 2

26
154

_

_

130

-

3 .3 9
3 .4 5
3. 2 7
2.98

68

2 .9 6
2. 7 8
2.66

2 .9 7
2 .7 3
2 .7 7

2.68

_

50
2Z
99
12

26
19
114

2 .4 8
2 .9 0
3.21
2.8 2
2. 9 5
2.68

3. 05

"

W omen
F inishing:
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------------------------T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------

$2.-72
3. 1 9

2 .92

177
32
133

-

33
34

115
486

2.28
2.33

628

727

2.80
2.78

33
49

2.76
2.94

148

2.25

58 4
256

2.56
2.67

13
“

2.68

"

"

68

"

2 .4 0

Table 38. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational averages— by size of establishment---- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y s i z e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t ,
S outheast

|

Southw est

U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

|

G reat Lakes

|

M iddle W e st

|

Pacifi(T

E s t a b lis h m e n ts with—
Sex,

d epartm ent,

100 w orkers
or m o re
Num ber
A verage
hourly
of
earnings
w orkers

and occupation

100 w orkers
or m ore
N um ber
A verage
of
hourly
w orkers
earnings

20-99
w orkers
Num ber
Average
of
hourly
w orkers
earnings

1 0 0 Vt' o

Num ber
of
w orkers

rkers
or m o re
A verage
hourly
ea rnings

100 w orkers
or m o re
Num ber
A verage
of
hourly
earnings
w orkers

100 w orkers
or m ore
Num ber
A verage
of
hourly
w orkers
earnings

M en
C o rru g a tin g :
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s __________________________________
C o r r u g a t o r - c o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -----------------------D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s _____________________________________
O f f - b e a r e r s ( c o r r u g a t i n g - c o m b i n i n g m a c h i n e ) ---------------R o l l s u p p l y m e n ________________________________________________

139
160
139
395
115

$2.98
3. 2 0
2 .8 9
2 .7 2

P rin tin g :
F le x o g ra p h ic p rin te r o p e r a to rs (printing
a n d f a b r i c a t i n g o p e r a t i o n s ) -------------------------------------------------P r i n t e r - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r ________________________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r _________________________________________
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r ------------------------------------------P r i n t e r - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e a s s i s t a n t s ________________________
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r -----------------------------------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r --------------------------------------------------------------T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r -------------------------------------------

101

42 0
35
375
517
60
451
-

3. 0 5
3. 0 5
3. 0 9
3 .0 4
-

C utting an d c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - a n d c r e a s i n g - p r e s s o p e r a t o r s 3 ---------------------------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y --------------------------------------------------------------P l a t e n ------------------ ------ --------- ------------------------------------------------C u t t i n g - a n d c r e a s i n g - p r e s s f e e d e r s 3 -------------------------------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y --------------------------------------------------------------P l a t e n ' ------ ---------------------------------- --------- ---------------------------------S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s _______________________________________________
F inishing:
F o l d i n g - a n d g l u i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ______
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------------------------------T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------------------M iscellaneous :
B a l e r s --------------------------- ------ -------------------------------------------------------B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------C a t c h e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------D i e m a k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e ----------------------------------------------------j a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ------------------------------------------M a i n t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ------ ------ --------------------------M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ------------- ------------------- ------------ - ..............
S h i p p i n g c l e r k s ------------------------- -------- ------ --------------------------------S h i p p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s -----------------------------------------------S t a r c h m a k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s 4 --------------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r t h a n s e m i - o r t r a i l e r ---------------------------------------------S e m i - o r t r a i l e r ------------------------------------------------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ----------------------------------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r t h a n f o r k l i f t ) ______________________

26

$3.18
3.59
3.42
3 .1 1
3.28

207
52

$3.39
3 .5 9
3 .2 8
2.93
3.1 1

2 .6 0
2 .6 9
-

143
90
50
161
114
-

3. 2 6
3.29
3 .2 1
2.99
2.94
-

20 4
72
95
119
49
42
188
85

2.82
2.9 1
2 .7 6
2. 6 1
2.70
2 .5 2
2. 7 1
2 .4 9

60
15
38
27
18
9
55
36

3.08
3.13
3 .0 5
2.93
2.99
2.82
3 .0 2
2.95

32
24
169
50

3.07
3.02
3.02
2.54
2.55
2.61
2.77
2.81

146
21 8

2.73
2 .6 3
2 .6 0

42
44

2.96
2.51
2.73

70
55
106

2.89
2.46
2.60
2.50
2.46

196

153
61 6
62
43

2.6 8

2.68

69
70
66

22

20

18
38
14

12

301
55
224
260
48
200

163
17
138
66

3.55
3.12
3.09
3 .1 7
2 .86

2.79
2 .9 0

-

53
35

2.53
2 .4 0

54
38

2.75
2.48

25 9

2.36

M iscellaneous:
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s -------------------------------------------------------- ------------C a t c h e r s ------------------------- -------------- ---------------------------------------------

-

-

41

2.27

108

-

"

68

112

2.66

168
78

145
-

3.10
4.07
2.47
3.30
3.74
2.8 9
3.0 3
2.81
2.8 1
2.6 5
2.8 5
-

12

23
50
16
22

23
162
156
144
144
-

3. 2 8
3. 4 9
3 .4 5
3. 1 2
3 .1 2
-

80
21 5
-

506
147
311
27 3
131

3 .2 9
3.24
3.34
3 .1 0
3 .0 6
3 .1 2
3 .1 6
3. 1 1

94
37
49
26

3.2 6
3 .2 0

88

120

459
201

200

153
24 9

170
23
117
162
25

F inishing:
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------------------------------T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------------------------

10

45

3 .5 1
3 .4 7
3.24
3 .4 7
3 .6 2
3 .2 4
2 .9 1
3 .2 3
3 .4 8

50
195
413
22 5
90
47
83
3 36
14
315
743
237

2.91

-

39
23
77
-

152
93 1
56
791
84
1, 039
47
894
98

3.32
2.42
2.89
3.89
3.3 2
2.9 9
2.7 6
3.5 8
3.5 2
3.4 9
2.6 5
2.85

280
40
240
339
78

73
109
143

$3.47
3.6 6
3. 3 8
3.1 9
3. 2 2

2 .66

57
211
12
11

57
55
57
140
36

27 7
97 8
309

2. 4 6
2 .4 2
2.33
2.94
3. 62
2.30
2 .9 8
3.31
2.75
2.58
2.60
2.76
2.6 3
2.7 8
2.57
2.58

11

111

$3.58
3. 7 0
3. 4 5
3 .2 3
3. 3 2

310
308
295
800

20

53
67
31
11

35
10

68

3 .2 7
2.98
3 .2 0
2 .9 5
2 .9 2
2 .9 6
3. 4 1
3.54
2 .7 0
3.5 1
3 .5 2
3.2 0
3.26
3.0 6
3.6 7

12
11

59
24
68

39
47
50
170
43
18
9
30
29
42
10

3.33

7
37
26
-

3.6 9
3.1 0
3 .1 4

92
29

258
299

2 .7 7
2 .7 9

40

2.28

281

"

112

2. 5 6
2.7 2

22

3.33

81
82
86

2 13
61

200

13
187
172
13

$4.15
4. 1 9
3 .6 2
3. 32
3.59

4. 0 8
4. 0 8
4. 0 7
4. 2 2
3.51
3. 50
3 .6 3

23
50
26

4 .0 8
3. 92
4 .2 2
3.39

3 .0 0
3 .3 0
2.71
3.0 1
2 .7 9

12

3.33

7
79
35

3.31
3.47
3.49

3 .1 4
2. 9 5
3.1 7

85
43
61

3.7 9
3.5 1
3.4 7

3 .0 7
2. 8 9
2 .8 5
3 .3 9
3 .7 7
2 .6 2
3 .5 2
3 .5 9
3 .2 4
3.08
3.2 2
3.46
3.4 5
2.94
3. 21

69
316
39
17
18
37
57
104
9
18
35
1 32
316
52

3 .2 8
3.22
3. 25
4 .0 1
4 .7 2
3. 18
4 .5 5
4.54
3.99
3.7 7
3.46
4.1 7
4.2 0
3.6 7
3.6 6

2.64
2.74

56
24

3.3 1
3.22

2 .8 0
“

13
"

3 .4 8

120

Wom en

1
2
3
4

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r t h e M o u n t a i n r e g i o n in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s d r i v e r s n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y w h o w e r e o p e r a t i n g m o r e t h a n o ne t y p e of t r u c k .

NOTE:

Dashes




indicate

no d ata

reported

o r data

th at do n o t m e e t p u b licatio n c r i t e r i a .

-

■

33

21

"

-

Table 39. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational averages— by method of wage payment
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ,
United S ta tes 2
T im ew orkers
Sex, d e p a r t m e n t ,

and occup atio n

Number
of
worker s

A verage
hourly
earnmgs

U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 197 0)

New E ngland

Incentive
w orkers
NumA verber
age
of
hourly
workearner s
m gs

T im ew orkers
Number
of
w orker s

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

M iddle A tlan tic

Incentive
w orkers
Num­
A ver­
ber
age
of
hourly
w ork­
earn­
ers
ings

T im ew orkers
Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

B o r d e r States

Incentive
w orkers
Num­
A ver­
ber
age
of
hourly
w ork­
earn­
ers
ings

Incentive
w orkers
Num­
A ver­
ber
age
of
hourly
w ork­
earn­
ers
ings

T im ew orkers
Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

C o rrugating:
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s ___________________
C o r r u g a t o r - c o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s __
D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s ______________________
Off - b e a r e r s (c o r ru g a tin g - co m b in in g m a c h i n e ) ________________________________________
R o l l s u p p l y m e n _________________________________

635
625
576

$3 .1 7
3 .3 8
3 .0 4

5 69
560
499

$3.67
3.81
3 .5 7

46
36
31

$3.00
3. 2 7
2.89

25
32
23

$3.43
3. 6 7
3.28

147
159
127

$3.09
3.36
2.96

160
134
115

$3 .6 5
3.91
3.6 7

39
30
27

$ 2 .8 6
2 .9 4
2.91

44
40
37

$ 3 .5 8
3.57
3 .3 8

1,637
542

2.81
2. 9 3

1, 290
376

3.31
3 .4 3

100
39

2.70
2 .9 5

66
21

3. 0 7
3.34

345
120

2.80
2.86

280
74

3 .3 3
3.4 6

90
26

2.5 7
2 .7 4

89
32

3 .2 4
3.3 3

P rinting:
F le x o g r a p h ic p r i n t e r o p e r a t o r s (p rinting
a n d f a b r i c a t i n g o p e r a t i o n s ) __________________
P r i n t e r - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s __________
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r _________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r __________________________
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r ______________
P r i n t e r - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e a s s i s t a n t s _________
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r _________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r __________________________
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r ______________

412
2, 271
176
1 , 883
212
2, 4 3 4
176
2, 067
191

3. 4 0
3.18
3.01
3 .1 8
3.2 6
2.81
2. 6 6
2 .8 0
2.98

247
1, 54 3
86
1,298
159
1, 540
91
1,315
134

3 .5 6
3 .6 0
3 .4 3
3.58
3.84
3 .3 2
3.08
3.31
3.58

30
149
30
102
17
168
37
117
14

3 .1 9
2„99
2.78
3.04
3.04
2.69
2.55
2.7 1
2.93

12
57
7
46

3.49
3 .6 5
3.38
3.71

58
504
12
40 5
87
458
12
396
50

3.39
3 .2 5
3.18
3 .2 2
3.40
2 .8 5
2.98
2.82
2.99

54
321
14
26 6
41
321

3.8 6
3 .8 8
4 .0 2
3 .8 3
4 .1 2
3 .3 7

42
109

17
137

3 .4 9
3 .3 9

285
30

3 .3 3
3 .5 8

136

C utting and c r e a s in g :
C u t t i n g - a n d c r e a s i n g - p r e s s o p e r a t o r s 3____
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y __________________________
P l a t e n _________________________________________
C u t t i n g - a n d c r e a s i n g - p r e s s f e e d e r s 3______
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y __________________________
P l a t e n _________________________________________
S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s ________________________________
S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s ________________________________

1,281
510
672
556
295
203
1, 156
450

3 .0 3
3.0 2
3 .0 3
2 .6 5
2.68
2.64
2. 7 5
2.78

721
216
439
346
138
171
6 23
288

3. 4 2
3.44
3. 4 2
3. 2 5
3 .2 5
3.21
3.31
3.21

77
39
38
30
13
17
63
31

2.90
2.92
2.88
2.44
2.19
2.64
2.66
2.68

3.08
3.14
3.01
2.70
2.75
2.63
2.82
2.90

160
75
77
67
34
27
126
67

3 .5 8
3 .6 3
3 .4 6
3 .4 8
3 .4 2
3 .3 8
3 .4 5
3 .4 7

74
42
30
22

25
9

309
146
132
109
57
35
232
127

54
20

F ini shing:
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
a u t o m a t i c _______________________________________
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s ______________________________
T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ____________________

643
556
882

3.01
2 .5 6
2 .6 6

42 2
35 9
542

3 .2 7
3. 0 5
3.19

28
53
48

2.96
2.57
2.69

12

118
88
209

3.08
2.77
2.83

119
38
78

3 .4 7
3.1 1
3 .4 8

M iscellaneous:
B a l e r s _____________________________________________
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s _______________________________
C a t c h e r s __________________________________________
M a i n t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ____________
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e _______________________
S t a r c h m a k e r s ____________________________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s 3___________________________________
S e m i - o r t r a i l e r _____________________________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ____________________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r t h a n f o r k l i f t ) _______

912
3, 1 18
590
994
942
340
2, 113
1,510
2, 48 0
459

2 .6 6
2. 6 2
2.51
3 .2 8
3.61
2. 8 7
3.4 0
3.5 0
2. 8 7
2 .9 3

334
1, 367
46 6
106
60
106
187
168
551
163

3.14
3.0 7
3.01
3.81
3 .5 5
3.31
3 .4 2
3.49
3 .4 6
3.28

39 '
245
31
37
37
24
217
178
124

2 .6 7
2.60
2.51
3.21
3. 3 6
2.73
3. 3 5
3. 5 2
2.69

206
5 58
150
245
196
74
667
458
444
103

2.70
2.68
2.58
3 .1 6
3 .6 2
2.83
3.71
3.76
2.94
2.84

83
393
66

3 .3 3
3 .3 3
3.2 7

'

W omen
F inishing:
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s _________
T aping-m achine o p erato rs

48 8
778

2.61
2. 4 6

255
43 5

2.93
2 .8 6

M iscel lan e o u s:
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s __________
C a t c h e r s _____________________

560
219

2.4 1
2 .4 3

172
80

2.79
2 .9 2

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d of t a b l e .




28
72

2.54
2'. 2 5

-

_

_

48
7
37

3.51
3.24
3.60

-

-

28
9
18

3.09
2 .8 7
3 .2 0

_
_

_
_
_

3. 17
3.09

15
_

3.19
_

2.75

10
59
_
_

2 .8 5
2. 97
_

_

_

7

3 .3 3

_

_

_

_

24
"

10
-

9
-

3. 5 6

_

_

_
_

_

-

_

102
19

3.4 3
3.4 2

2. 97
2 .8 9
_

100
_
_

_

_

_

_

2. 8 9
_
_

145

3.2 5

112

3.17

_

2.51

-

-

-

2 .7 6
2.72
2 .8 0
2.4 6

-

2.69
-

-

58
31
27
38
20

3 .0 9
3.05
3 .1 3
2.9 7
2 .8 8

2 .5 9
2.61

56

2. 8 3

41
34
67

2 .6 6
2. 62
2. 5 4

22
47
99

2 .8 3
2. 9 5
3 .0 0

39
245
50
27
80
16
120
86
155
18

2 .5 2
2. 4 0
2 .4 4
2 .9 4
3.2 5
2 .7 0
2.9 5
2 .9 5
2 .7 3
2.57

31
' 43
103

2. 8 6
2 .9 3
2 .8 3

_
_

_
_

_

_

-

_

_

25
_

35
35
22

3 .1 8
.

3.3 7
3.3 7
3.2 6
"

'

3 .1 3

3.30

119

2. 52

143
_

_
_

_

_

78
129

2.68
2.52

42
138

3 .1 3
2.91

21

117
55

2.50
2.52

39
38

2 .8 9
2 .9 3

-

2 .5 2

13
14

2 .7 8
2.8 5

-

Table 39. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational averages— by method of wage payment---- Continued
. ( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

1 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t i o n s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ,

T imeworker s
Sex,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n

Numbe r
of
workers

Average
hourly
ea rni n gs

U ni t ed S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
G re at L a k e s

Southwest

S o ut h e a s t
I nc e n t i v e
w ork er s
AverNumage
ber
hourly
of
ea rnworki n gs
er s

Tim ew orkers
N um be r
of
w or kers

Average
ho u rly
earnings

Incentive
workers
Aver­
Num­
ber
age
hourly
of
earn­
work­
er s
i n gs

T im ew orkers
Num­
ber
of
work­
er s

Aver­
age
hourly
earn­
i n gs

P a c i f ic

M i d d l e We s t

Incentive
workers
Aver­
Num­
ber
age
ho urly
of
earn­
work­
er s
ings

Tim ew ork ers
Num­
be r
of
work­
ers

Aver­
age
ho urly
earn­
ings

Incen tive
workers
Num­
Aver­
ber
age
hou rly
of
work­
earn­
ers
i n gs

Tim ew ork ers
Num­
ber
of
work­
er s

Aver­
age
ho urly
earn­
ings

I n c en t iv e
w or ker s
Num­ A v e r ­
ber
age
of
hourly
w o r k ­ ea rner s
ing s

Me n
C o rr u g a ti n g :
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s ............................... Corrugator-com bining-m achine operators _
_
D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s ....................... ..............
O ff-b ea rers (corrugating-combiningm a c h i n e ) ----------------------------------- -----------------------R o l l s u p p l y m e n _________ ___ _____________
Printing:
F l e x o g r a p h i c p r i n t e r o p e r a t o r s ( pr i nt i ng
and f a b r i c a t i n g o p e r a t i o n s ) — ___ _________
P r i n t e r - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ________
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r ----------- --------- -- ------ -----T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r _____ _____ __________
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r ___________
P r i n t e r - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e a s s i s t a n t s -------------S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r . . ------- -------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r --------------------------------------T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r ___________

99
98
99

$2.81
3.03
2. 72

50
72
50

$3.21
3. 35
3.12

40
42
40

$ 3. 10
3. 34
3.05

35
34
32

$3.62
3. 81
3.50

130
124
1 18

$3.22
3. 39
3.12

206
204
195

$ 3.7 5
3.88
3. 65

32
31
27

$3.01
3.20
2. 97

32
31
34

$ 3.76
3. 97
3. 65

86
93
97

$3.98
4.03
3. 49

17
13
13

$4.80
5.02
4. 31

255
84

2. 51
2. 56

162
41

2.95
2.89

135
30

2. 63
2.74

92
30

3. 25
3. 35

347
137

2. 94
3.08

491
154

3. 42
3. 54

77
25

2.77
2 .7 9

81
18

3.46
3. 59

256
65

3.20
3. 49

29

3.91

43
387
34
353
470
55
415

3. 16
2.82
2 . 74
2.83
-

58
152
130
168
16
146

2. 97
3. 31
3. 28
2.98
2. 55
3.03

14
124
90
32
151
1 14

2. 82
3.06
3. 01
3. 24
2.77
2. 65

3.14
3.16
3.05
3. 10

3.40
3.19
3.06
3. 23
3.01
2. 93
2 . 78
2.96
2. 85

70
637
43
532
62
67 7
5 73
70

3. 65
3 . 57
3. 33
3 . 57
3 . 75
3. 37
3.36
3. 67

19
1 14
109
125
120

3. 24
3.07
3.09
2 . 74
2 . 75

1 19
113
78
78

3 . 57
3. 53
3. 44
3. 44

-

-

-

89
253
24
2 19
10
231
21 8
10

4.00
3.88
3. 55
3. 91
4.02
3.35
3. 34
3. 5 1

11
38
34
29
25

-

94
595
68
483
44
622
61
5 21
40

3. 22
3.17
2. 88

365
105
238
196
114
67
342
130

3.08
3.06
3.05
2.73
2.77
2.71
2. 83
2. 84

304
59
211
143
49
77
286
121

3. 43
3. 50
3.45
3. 35
3 . 41
3. 32
3. 34
3. 28

78
28
48
67
17

3.04
2. 92
3.09
2. 67
2 . 55

44
16
22
22
10
32
13.

3. 38
3.42
3.46
3.19
2. 98
3. 36
2. 84

134
43
79
43
16
120
39

3 . 73
3 . 74
3 .72
3.26
3. 29
3.18
3.30

21
15
11

4. 76
3.89
3.66

-

124
92
17 2

3.13
2 . 55
2. 69

146
1 16
183

3. 21
3. 07
3. 33

49
16
23

2. 66
2. 41
2. 56

40
32
36

3. 47
3.14
3. 39

104
53
101

3. 69
3.09
3.13

15
19
14

4.19
3. 70
3.87

2. 68
2. 69
2. 62
3. 35
3. 52
3.03
3. 67
3.68
2. 84
2.99

122
501
244
77
26
21
69
69
266
76

3.14
3.07
3.06
3.80
3. 95
3.03
3.42
3.42
3.46
3. 41

44
148
27
33
43
17
44
20
124
15

2. 5 2
2 . 58
2 .54
3 . 10
3.56
2. 84
3 . 27
3. 5 7
2 . 72
2. 94

27
32
12
22
33
18

3. 35
2.90
3. 93

106
446
47
72
115
40
171
140
384
48

3.17
3.13
3.04
4. 30
4. 52
3.45
4.00
4. 11
3. 52
3. 63

6
30
46

3.56
3.45
4. 31

-

-

-

-

57
41

3. 31
2. 94

-

-

11

3.30

"

'

~

-

82
58
74
59
-

168
69
71
132
70
42
200
74

2. 58
2.61
2.52
2. 38
2.48
2. 25
2.42
2. 35

76
21
46
53

2
2

3 . 17
3.36
3.06
3.22
2. 72

60
26
32
12
52
12

2. 70
2.77
2. 66
2.79
2.58
2.60

30
22
34

Fin ish in g:
F o l d i n g - and g l u i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,
a u t o m a t i c _______________________________
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s ----------- -------------------------- -----T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ________________

124
185
200

2.60
2.32
2.32

42
88
94

2.92
3.00
2.82

2
2

39

2. 70
2 . 37
2. 42

-

M iscellaneous:
B a l e r s . . . ........ ................ —------------------------------------B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ------------------------------------------C a t c h e r s ----------- --------------------------------------------------M a i n t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y -----------------M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ------------------ ------ --------Starchmakers
-------------------------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s 3. --------------- --------- ------------- ------ ----S e m i - o r t r a i l e r ------------------------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) -----------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r t h an f o r k l i f t ) ______

156
61 0
81
135
152
64
346
229
393
61

2.36
2. 29
2. 10
2.92
3.28
2.56
2. 59
2. 67
2.46
2. 55

27
140
6
40

2. 58
2. 70
2. 94
3.00

50
51

2.46
2. 31

C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s o p e r a t o r s 3___
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y __________________ —
P l a t e n _____________________ _____ ______
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s f e e d e r s 3---------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y . ------- -----------------------------P l a t e n . ------- ------------------------- --------------------------S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------------------S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------- ---------

-

2.49
2. 53
2. 48
-

-

-

-

-

38
41
161
42
75

86
36
181
18

2. 48
2. 45
3.10
3 . 75
2 . 79
2 . 55
2. 45
2. 64
2. 70

32
37

2.57
2. 3 1

2
2

-

-

-

28
18

3. 22
2. 92

-

-

267
645
143
403
230
72
4 37
363
639
186

-

2 . 53

191
341

2.46
2 . 47

139
217

2. 95
2. 78

38
78

2. 43
2 . 37

31 9
78

2. 39
2. 64

70
36

2.88
2.89

33

2. 43

-

3. 48
3. 21
3. 35

-

-

-

4. 34
4. 70
4.69
3.96
3.97
-

-

Women
Fin ish in g:
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s ------ ----------- -------------------------T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------M iscellaneous:
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ---------------- ------------- ------ --------C a t c h e r s ---------------- --------- ------------------------------------

1
2
3

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

■

”

_

"

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d ay s , and l a te s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r t he M o u n t a i n r e g i o n i n a dd i t io n to t h o s e s ho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s d at a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in add it io n to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .

NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d i c a t e no d at a r e p o r t e d o r d a t a t hat do not m e e t p ub l ic a t i on c r i t e r i a ,




22

-

■

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

Table 40. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— Baltimore, Md.1
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

2 of

p ro d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

M a r c h 1970)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Se x,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s --------------------------M e n ------------------ ------ ------------------------W o m e n ____________________________

N um be r
of V
workers

hourly
earni ngs 1
2

97 1
875
96

$2. 66
2. 67
2. 50

15

2. 92
2. 85

37
10

2. 61
2.71

$1.9 5

$2. 00

“$ 2 . 1 0

$ 2. 2 0

$ 2. 30

$ 2. 40

$ 2. 50

$ 2. 60

$ 2 . 70

$ 2. 80

$2. 90

$3.00

$3.10

$3. 20

$ 3. 3 0

$ 3. 40

$3. 50 ~ J % . W

$ 3. 70

$2. 00

$2.10

$ 2. 20

$2. 30

$ 2. 40

$ 2. 50

$2. 60

$ 2 . 70

$2. 80

$2. 90

$3.00

$3.10

$ 3. 20

$3. 30

$ 3. 40

$ 3. 50

$3.60

$ 3. 70

over

110
107
3

74
67
7

49
49
^

50
48
2

11
9
2

6
6

11
11

2
2

_

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

5

4

1

2
-

5
5

-

1

3

and

2. 87

15
14

$ 1. 90
and
under
$ 1 .9 5

3
3

-

-

12
12

-

-

52
29
23

130
116
14

159
135
24

129
1 14
15

85
82
3

84
81
3

"

S e l e c t e d oc cupa tio ns — m en
C o rr u g a ti n g :
C o r r u g a t o r k n i f e o p e r a t o r s _______
Cor ru gator-com b in in g-m achin e
o p e r a t o r s ________________________
D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s __________
O ff-b ea r er s (corrugatingc o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e )______________
R o l l s u p p l y m e n ___________________

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

2

8
2

.

.

.

.

.

6

7

1

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
3

7
6

1
1

1

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

Prin tin g:
Printer- slotter-m achine
o p e r a t o r s 3-----------------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r __________ ___
P rin ter - slotter - machine
a s s i s t a n t s 3 ----------------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r --------------------------

55
46

2.96
2.93

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

1
-

21
19

15
15

2
2

1
1

4
-

3
1

-

-

-

2
2

49
48

2.60
2.60

"

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

3
3

18
18

9
8

7
7

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s 3_______________________
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ______________
P l a t e n _____________________ ____
S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s __________________
S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s __________________

31
19
10
21
11

2. 75
2 . 72
2.80
2.71
2.56

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

8
6
2
4
1

4
2
1
3
1

5
3
1
1

1

_

2

_

_

_

_

-

~

3
2
1
8
8

9
4
5
-

"

1

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

Finishing:
F o l d i n g - and g l u i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ____________
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s _________________
T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -----------------

29
10
28

2.65
2.57
2.56

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

4

2
-

-

2
1

-

~

6
4
2

-

-

2
2

4
-

-

2
16

5
-

-

10
2
3

-

-

-

-

19
75
16
8
7

2.40
2. 42
2. 44
2. 87
2. 41

3
-

-

-

1

4
13
4
4

6
21
12
-

2
25
1

2
-

2
-

1
4
-

2
2
-

1
-

-

-

1
-

-

-

20
21
8
9
55
32
54

2.92

.

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

1
9

2
6
6

-

3
3
7

2

2

3. 01
2. 62
2.60
3.03
2 . 97
2. 75

-

6

17

2. 52

-

-

-

-

4

6

5

-

-

M is c ellan eo u s:
B a l e r s --------------- ------------------------------------B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ---- --------- -----------------C a t c h e r s -------------- ------ ---------------------------D i e m a k e r s ________________________
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ------M a inte na nce m e n, g e n e r a l
u t i l i t y ____________________________
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e --------------------S h i p p i n g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ______
S t a r c h m a k e r s ---------------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s 3-------------------------------------S e m i - o r t r a i l e r ________________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , f o r k l i f t _________

2

-

-

12
-

2

2

5

_

-

-

-

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

7
9
-

30
16

1
-

-

2

3
3
22

3
7
7
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

2

2

3
1
-

-

2

2

S e l e c t e d oc cupa tio ns — w om e n
Fi nish ing:
T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -----------------

1
2
3

-

T h e B a l t i m o r e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of B a l t i m o r e C i t y ; and A n n e A r u n d e l , B a l t i m o r e , C a r r o l l , H a r f o r d , and H o w a r d C o u n t i e s .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and for w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
A p p r o x i m a t e l y 91 p e r c e n t of t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by t he
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a dd it io n t o t h o s e sh o wn s e p a r a t e l y .




s t u d y w e r e pa id on a t i m e b a s i s .

Table 41. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— Chicago, 111.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,
NumSe x,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n

A l l production w o r k e r s
Men _
_
_ _ _ _
Women.
_
_ _ _

—
. . .

of
worker s

M a r c h 1 9 70 )

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - ■ time h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of

Average
$ 2. 20 $ 2. 30 T2T40 $2. 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3. 20 $3. 30 $3. 40 $ 3. 50 $3. 60 $ 3 . 7 0 $3. 80 ^3790 $4. 00 T 4 . 1 0 !$4M0 $ 4 . 3 0 $ 4. 4 0 $4. 60 $4.80
hourly
U n d er and
and
earn$ 2. 20 under
mgs
$ 2. 30 $2. 40 $ 2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3. 20 $ 3. 3 0 $ 3. 40 $ 3. 50 $3. 60 $ 3 .7 0 $3. 80 $3. 90 $4. 00 $ 4 . 1 0 $4. 20 $ 4. 30 $ 4. 40 $ 4. 60 $4.80 o v e r
84
84

51
51

-

96
93
3

"

3
3

2
2

5
4
1

9
2
7
2

6
6
3

10
4
6
2

6
4
2
1

2

3

2

1

2

-

1

4

1

5

5

5

-

1

1
-

5
-

5
-

5
1

-

1
-

4
-

"

-

"

1

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

2

6
4
2

6
6

7
4
3

9
8
1

2

-

-

1

2

-

-

17
4
13
2
15
4
11

41
31
10
7
7
33
24
9

25
7
18
4
20
7
13

3
3

2
2

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

4,987
4, 309
678

$ 3 .0 2
3.09
2. 59

140
66
74

94
48
46

71
57
14

221
80
141

234
186
48

417
310
107

628
506
122

429
395
34

498
47 4
24

360
342
18

341
3 24
17

338
324
14

255
247
8

194
189
5

1 12
11 1
1

144
144

94
53
41

3.40
3.12
3. 7 5

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

16
14
2

-

2
2
-

8
7
1

8
6
2

19
13
6

3
3

7
2
5

8
4
4

82
44
38
74
40
34

3. 64
3. 39
3. 93
3. 33
3.09
3.61

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

10
10

6
4
2
16
16

6
6
7
2
5

2
2
6
6

16
16
8
6
2

9
7
2
10
4
6

205
103
102
66
52
14

3.06
2. 82
3. 30
3.12
3 . 07
3. 29

-

-

-

-

-

47
30
17
-

27
26
1
5
5

31
16
15
7
7

9
4
5
15
15

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
2
2

6
4
2
2

10
9
6
3

4
-

-

19
11
8
19
14
5

7

-

20
16
4
4
3
1

14

3.51

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

2

4

52
33
19

3. 53
3. 45
3. 68

11
11

8
6
2

295
165
130
32
22
245
131
114

3. 40
3. 38
3. 42
3. 32
3. 25
3.41
3. 42
3. 40

299
164
135

3.16
3. 02
3. 33

20
243
126
11 7

2 . 78
3.16
3.06
3. 26

36

3. 38

1 72
105
67
41
28
13
108
69
39

3. 25
3. 23
3. 2 9
3. 25
3. 22
3. 32
3. 20
3. 15
3. 30

136
136

39
39

14
14

-

39
37
2

20
20

-

-

2
2

-

3
3

-

1
1

-

3
3

3
3

1
1
2

-

2
2
1

1
1
-

-

3
3
3

1
1
-

4
4
1

-

-

3

-

1

4

2

-

-

2

2
-

-

-

2

8
8

24
24

-

S e l e c t e d occupa tio ns — m en
Co rr u g a ti ng :
Co rru gato r-kn ife operators . .
T im e
_
In c en ti ve—
_
------C or r u g a t o r - c o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e
_
_ .
o p e r a t o r s ____
T i m e _______
___
Inc en tiv e _ .
_
__
— ...
D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s . . ----------------- .
_ -----T i m e -----____ _
_. . .
Incen tiv e . .
O ff-b ea rers (corrugatingc o m b in in g -m a c h in e ).
T im e... .
In cen tiv e.
. ------... ..
R o l l s u p p l y m e n . -----. —
. . . ----T i m e _______
--------------- ---I n c e n t i v e -----Pr in tin g:
F l e x o g r a p h ic pr inter op e r ator s
( p ri n t i ng o p e r a t i o n s o n l y ) 3. --------F l e x o g r a p h ic pr inter op e r ator s
( p ri n ti n g and f a b r i c a t i n g
o p e r a t i o n s )----------------------------------------T i m e --------------- ------------------I n c e n t i v e ---------. --------Printer- slotter-m achine
o p e rat o rs
_
_ _
_
T i m e --------------. .. .
. . . .
Inc en tiv e .
.
. . . . .
...
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r ---------------------T i m e — --------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r --------T im e_ — _
-------------- ---------I n c e n t i v e ------ --------------------------P r i n t e r - sl o t t e r - m a c h i n e
a s s i s t a n t s -----------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------- -----S i n g l e - c o l o r pr inter
(all t i m p w n r l f p r s )
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ------------------------T i m e _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------T h r e e - c o l o r or m o r e
p r i n t e r 3 --------------------------------------C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - a nd c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s 4 ----------------------------------------T im ^
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------C y l i n d e r or r o t a r y _____________
T i m e ------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------P l a t e n _________________________
T i m e _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ---------------------- --------- --

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b l e .




_

_

_

_

3

13

64
50
14
3
3
47
35
12

27
22
5
27
22
5

40
34
6
40
34
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

3
3

4
4

3
3

-

-

3
3

4
4

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

3

13

9

27
5
22
4
23
5
18

-

2
2
-

-

-

1
1

-

19
17
2

25
16
9

58
49
9

47
27
20

46
16
30

35
21
14

25
16
9

9

6

9

2

5

3

3

-

-

1

-

-

3

9

6

9

2

5

3

3

-

-

1

-

-

3

17
1
1

25
16
9

3
36
28
8

42
27
15

46
16
30

35
21
14

23
16
7

9

4

7

2

5

2

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

9

4

7

2

5

2

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

3

2

-

-

_

2

-

-

-

3

13

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

3

13

_

21
12
9
12
12
9

-

2
2
-

_

-

_
-

-

-

1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

19

5

-

-

2

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

2
2

16
16

18
2
16
3
3
6

16
11
5
9
7
2
6
4

19
9
10
11
9
2
7

20
10
10
4
4
15
6
9

14
7
7
4
4

5
2
3
2
2

15
9
6
5

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

31
25
6
1

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

5
10
9
1

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

“

“

"

“

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

~

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

1
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

1
-

16
16

1

-

-

1
30
25
5

-

6

2

-

7

-

8
3
5

1

-

1

8
6
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

"

"

2

~

Table 41. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— Chicago, 111.1 Continued
--(Number and average stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings 2 of production w ork ers in selected occupations, M arch 1970)
NumSex,

department,

Aver-

of
workoi &

and o c c u p a t i o n

$ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40 $ 2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3. 3 0 $3. 40 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3. 60 $ 3 . 7 0 $3. 80 $3. 90 I p T o o $ 4 . 1 0 "$4720
'$4760' $T780“
hourly
and
ea rnand
$ 2.20 under
i n gs
$2. 30 $ 2. 40 $ 2. 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $2. 90 $3. 00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3. 20 $ 3. 30 $ 3. 40 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3. 60 $ 3 . 7 0 $3. 80 $3. 90 $4. 00 $ 4 . 1 0 $ 4. 20 $ 4. 30 $4. 40 $4. 60 $4.80

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

S e l e c t e d oc cupa tio ns — m e n—
Continued
C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g — C o n t i n u e d
—
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
feeders 4
------------------------------------T i m e ___________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
C y l i n d e r or r o t a r y _________
T i m e ___________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
P l a t e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
S t r i p p e r s 4 _________________
T i m e ___________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
H a n d ______________________
T i m e ___________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s _____________
T i m e ----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s _____________
T i m e ___________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________

75
36
39
35

2
2
13
32
18
84
64

2
0

58
40
18
133
74
59
93
63
30

$3.03
2.85
3 . 19
2. 97
2.94
3.03
3.05
3.32
2.77
2. P 8
3.05
2.82
2.71
3.04
3.14
3.05
3.25
2. 87
2. 81
2.98

_

_

6
6

“

'

-

_
-

“

8
8

6

7
7
-

37
37
-

7
7
-

13
13
-

24

9

7
5

_
-

8

6
6
3

2
1

2
7

6
2

4

2

5
4

1

24

16
8
16
8
2

25
25

4

15

17

6

5

8
-

8
6
-

2
-

2
2
-

2
9

6
3
14
9
5

5

12
12
4
4
17
5

6

1

1

1

3

6
2

1

1

-

-

2

-

-

-

1
1

2

-

-

-

2
2

1
2
2

-

4
4
-

-

'

'

'

2
2
-

2
3
7
4
3
7
4
3

-

2
23

16
10
6
10

2
0
3
4

18
9
9

3

6

2

2

12

6

3

4
4
4
4
-

12

9

2
2

4

6

-

1

3
3
3
3
3
3
19
13

1
2
2

6
2
2

2
-

2

Miscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s B 3.
B a l e r s_______________________
T i m e ----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _______________
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ____________
T i m e ___________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
C a t c h e r s _____________________
T i m e ___________________
I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------D i e m a k e r s ___________________
T i m e ----------------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____
T i m e ----------------------------------J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r
T i m e ___________________
Mainte nance m e n, g e n e r a l
u t i l i t y -----------------------------------------T i m e ___________________
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ______
T i m e ___________________
S h i p pi n g c l e r k s ______________
T i m e ___________________
R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s 3___________
S h i p pi n g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
(a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ___________

See footnotes at end of table.




52

2
1

31
28
25
116
71
45

24
74
54

2
0
360
206
154

8
6

40
46
19

11
11
8

69
67
.

11 5
84

3.11
2.96
3. 21
2.80
2.84
2.85
2. 75
3.01

3.04
2.83
2.69
3.20
2.82

2.66

3.03
2. 81
2. 72
2.89
3. 50
3. 31
4.16
4. 25
2.60
2. 58

_
-

_
_
_
-

1

12
12

_
_
-

“

-

2

6
6

2
2

2
2

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

31
31
_
_

_

1

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_

_
_

2
1
2

2

-

-

1
-

-

4
4

4
4

8
8

10
6

-

4

3
3
48
43
5
5
5
_

13

10
3
46
34

4
4
7
7

12
7
5

12
10
10
75
57
18
40
18

4

2
2

3
3
19
14
5

8

7

3
3

6
1

3
5
5
5

12
14

12
2

2
2

8

3
5

2
2

3
3

3
3

_

_

2
2

19
19

4
4

12
12

.

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

2
0

3.09

-

-

-

-

_

14
14

2
2

4

-

8

1

1

-

3
5

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

.

.

.

.

2

-

2
1

_

-

2

-

-

-

18

5

-

11

2

3

2

1
1

2

4

7

-

-

-

-

3

11
1

4
-

7
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

2
2
8

6
12

14

2

-

1
2

-

2

-

11
2
9

7

6

3

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

24
14
5
5

6
2
21
21
9

17
17
9
9
-

7
7

6
6

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

1

7
-

2

6
2
1
1
2
1

2

-

-

2

5
5
26
26
-

-

3

10
10

-

1

-

-

-

1
-

2

-

-

1

-

5

-

1
1

1

7

-

8
8
2

37
24
13
4
4

-

1

-

8

7
7
-

16
12

"

-

-

2
4
4

2
2
12
10
2

6
19
14
5
42
3
39

-

-

2
2

-

1

10
10

2

3
3
5
5

7

_
-

96
32
13

2

1
-

"

7

1

3. 61
3.44
3.56
3. 54
3.49
3. 48
3.05

10
2

5
3

3
3
-

"

5
5

‘

Finish ing :
F o l d i n g - and g l u i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c _______
T i m e ___________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s ____________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ____
T i m e ___________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________

1
1

4
4
-

2

-

2
0
2
0
1

9

1

4
4
4

-

1

2

4

-

1

1

-

-

6
5
-

2
2

2
-

2
2
1

-

11
11

2

-

2
1

-

-

1

-

1

-

15
14

6
-

2
2

1

-

1
2
2

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

Table 41. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— Chicago, 111.1 Continued
—
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1970)

S e x , d e p a r tm e n t, and o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s <
a ge
ber
$1720 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 W . 90 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $3.40" $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $3790 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .1 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .3 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 ■$T8
of
h o u r ly Under and
and
w o r k ­ e a r n ­ $ 2 .2 0 under
in g s 2
ers
$ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 3 .9 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .1 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .3 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 .8 0 ove:

S e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s— m en —
C on tinued
F in is h in g — C on tinued
S t a r c h m a k e r s ........................ .........................
T im e --------- ----------------------- -------T r u c k d r iv e r s (a ll t im e w o r k e r s ) .........
O ther than s e m i - or t r a i l e r --------S e m i- or t r a i l e r ........................ .............
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , f o r k lift___________
T im e —................... — --------------------I n c e n tiv e ................................ ...............

15
12
66
16
50
255
173
82

$ 2 .9 1
2.96
4 .1 3
3 .9 7
4 .1 8
2.96
2 .7 8
3.3 5

-

52
30
46
24

2.46
2.4 4
2 .5 0
2 .5 0

-

-

-

3
1

-

3
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

4
3

2
2

15

5

5

10

5

-

4
4

8
8

7
7

32
1
31
_

12
12
.
-

-

12
12
-

-

4
4
-

16
11
5

77
71
6

6 12
12
6
6

-

2
2
-

16
16
-

-

14
10
14
10

17
17

1
1

5
5

12
1
11
-

4
2
2
4
4

-

2
2
-

2
2
'

-

-

2
2
■

8
8
8
8

30
26
4

47
43
4

3
1
2

S e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s— w o m en
Cutting and c r e a s in g :
S tr ip p e r s 4 ------------------- ---------------------T im e __________ _________________
H an d .......................... .....................................
T im e —............................-.................. —
S lit t e r o p e r a to r s
(a ll t im e w o r k e r s ) ............... .....................
S lo tte r o p e r a to r s
(a ll t im e w o r k e r s ) .....................................

13

2.8 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

8

-

2

8

2.91

-

"

"

-

-

2

"

2

2

1

“

“

“

1

-

”

"

"

"

"

"

"

“

F in is h in g :
S titc h e r o p e r a t o r s .................................... —
T im e —...................................- .............. I n c e n tiv e ----------------------- -----------T a p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ._ _ ................
T im e —----- ---------------------------------In c e n tiv e ------------------------------------

44
33
11
116
70
46

2 .6 8
2 .5 7
3 .0 0
2.71
2.63
2.83

2
2
"

10
10
-

4
4
"

3
3
28
8
20

2
2
2
2
-

42
40
2

15
12
3
16
16
"

1
1
2

3
3
4

4

2
2
6

1
1

2

1
1
-

-

-

-

5

4
4
-

"

-

-

2

4

4

6

5

M is c e lla n e o u s :
B u n d le r s - p a c k e r s —................ .....................
T im e ___________________ _____ —
I n c e n tiv e _______________________

86
72
14

2.5 9
2.56
2.76

4
4

8
8

4
4

-

30

-

26
4

8
8

23
19

4
4

■-

5
3

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

"

1

"

“

"

“

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'
-

"

-

"

-

-

2

1
2

T h e C h icago S tandard M e tr o p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s of C ook, D u P a g e, K ane,
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a nd f or w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e

3
4
5
6

I n s u ffic ie n t data to w a r r a n t p u b lica tio n of se p a r a te data by m ethod of w age p a y m en t, p r e d o m in a n tly t im e w o r k e r s .
In c lu d e s data fo r w o r k e r s in c la s s i f i c a t i o n s in addition to th o s e shown s e p a r a te ly .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 4 .8 0 to $ 5.
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s : 6 at $ 2 to $ 2 .1 0 , and 6 at $ 2.10 to $ 2 .2 0 .




-

-

-

"

2

1

L a k e, M cH en ry , and W ill C o u n tie s.
shifts.

Approxim ately

63 p e r c e n t

of t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s

c o v e re d by the

st ud y w e r e

p a i d on a t i m e b a s i s .

Table 42. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— Detroit, Mich.1
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

Se x,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ---------- _ ----------M e n —_______ ____________
_______
— --------------_
_
_
W o m e n ----------

Num­
ber
of
work­
ers

950
739

211

2 of

pr od u ct io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

M a r c h 1970)

Aver­
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ofage
$ 2.20 $2.30 $2.40' $ 2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2. 70 $2.80 $ 2 . 9 0 ; $3.00 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $ 3.50 $3.60 $ 3. 70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $ 4 . 1 0 $4. 20 $4. 30 $4.40 $'4.50 $4.60 $4. 70
ho ur l y
and
earn­
and
under
i n gs 2
$2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2. 70 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 . 1 0 $3.20 $3. 30 $3.40 $3. 50 $3.60 $ 3. 70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $ 4 . 1 0 $4. 20 $4. 30 $4.40 $4. 50 $4.60 $4. 70 o v e r

$ 3 .2 1
3.30

2.8
6

32
0
4
16

5
5

15

1

14

38
25
13

30
16
14

54
17
37

91
60
31

39
30
9

58
48

10

114
93

21

84
73

11

1 16
94

2
2

53
49
4

8
8
8
8

44
44

21
21

26
26

15
13

-

-

-

2

2

5

4

1
1

_

_

~

_

3

2

1

2

3

_

1
1

2
2

_

2
2
2

6

7

1

1
1

_

_

1
_

14
_

7
7
_

_

1

2
1
1
2
1
1

_
_
_
_
_
_

2
1
1
2
1
1

2
2

_

-

-

1

1

_

_

_

1

3
3

1

7
7
_

3
3
-

7
7

4
4

3

_

5
5
-

1

15
13

-

-

S e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n
Corrugating:
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s ____ _ _

C o r ruga t o r - c o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s __________

15

14

6
8

14

6
8

2
2

3.64
3.54
3. 74
-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

3.78
3. 87
3.60
3.40
3. 76

1

1

1

R o l l s u p p l y m e n ___________________

P rintin g:
P rin ter- slotter-m achine
operators 5
_______________________
T i m e --------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ____________ _
T im e_
_ ____________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________ _____
P r i n t e r - sl o t t e r - m a c h i n e
a s s i s t a n t s 5______________________
T i m e ________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ______________
T i m e --------------------------------------------C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s ________________________
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------C y l i n d e r or r o t a r y 6
____________
P l a t e n _________________________
T im e
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
feeders 6
______________________
S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s __________________
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------.....
S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s 6 ...........

2
2
10
6

6
6
40
26
49
25
24

3.59
3.43
3.83
3. 67
3.50
3.84

61
33
55
29

3. 31
3.08
3.34
3.11

21
8
6

3.30
3. 53
3.25
3. 31
3.23

15

10
9
16

8
6

Finishing:
F o l d i n g - and g l u i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ____________
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
St itcher o p e r a t o r s 6
_____________

2
2

Mi s c e l l a n e o u s :
B a l e r s _________
_ ______
T im e
_____ ______
R undlers-parkers .
T im e . .. .

16
14
31

____
___ _

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le.




3.26
3.07
3 43
3. 73
3.28

9
9

2
2

3. 21
3. 18
3. 37
3.30

4
4

3
3

14

10
4

_

_
_

_
_

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

2
1
1
1

4
4

18
18
18
18

2

_
_

.
_

.
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3
3

3

1
2
2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
1

1
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
_

z
_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_

6
1

1

_
_

_

_

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

10
2
1

_

2

1
_

_
_

1

1

2
2

4
4

4
4

-

1

3. 31
3.36
2.82

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

3.00
2.96
3.02
2.89

1
1

-

_

_

-

1

1
1

_

_
_

12
12

-

2
2

_

_
_

-

1
1
-

1
1

_

1

_
_

-

2

1
1

30
29

1

15
14

1

1

1

-

_

_

_

_

"

-

_
_
_
_

1
1

14
14
.
14

42

_
_
_
_
_
_

2
1
1
2
1
1

3
_

_

_

3

2
_

2

8

_

1

1

2

_

_

1

1

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

5
3
_

1
1

_

1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_
_
_

2
2
2

2

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

2
2

_
_
_
_

1
1
2

2
2

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

5

_
_

1

_

1
1

_
_

_
_

1

_
_

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

"

8

2

2
2

_

8

2

2
2
1

1
1

8

7

_

2
2

1
1

3

-

_

1

_
"

3

1
1
1
1

2

_

6

1
1

8
8
8
8

1
1
6
8

4

~

O ff-bearers (corrugating41
19

1
~

1

_

1

_

2
3
3

2

_

5

_

_

_

.

-

6
6

_

4
4

_

_

6

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

Table 42. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— Detroit, Mich.1---- Continued
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s 2 of production w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occu pation s, M a rc h 1970)

Sex,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n

Num­
be r
of
work­
ers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ofAverage
$ 2.20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 $2.60 $ 2. 70 $2.80 $2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3.20 $ 3.30 $3.40 $3. 50 $3.60 $ 3. 70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $ 4 . 1 0 $4. 20 $4. 30 $4. 40 $ 4. 50 $4.60 $ 4. 70
hou rly
and
earn­
and
u nder
ings 2
$2. 30 $2. 40 $ 2. 50 $2.60 $ 2. 70 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3.20 $ 3.30 $3.40 $ 3.50 $3.60 $ 3. 70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $ 4. 1 0 $ 4. 20 $ 4. 30 $4.40 $4. 50 $4. 60 $4. 70 o v e r

S e lec ted occ upa tio ns -m err —
Continue d
M i s c e l l a n e o u s ---- C o nt i nu ed
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a nd c l e a n e r s
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------------------M a inte na nce men, g e n e r a l
u t i l i t y ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------S h i p pi n g c l e r k s 6
-----------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s (all t i m e w o r k e r s) 5
.
S e m i - o r t r a i l e r -----------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , f o r k l i f t -----------T i m e ---------------------------------------

12
27

6

24
18
45
39

1

2

_

_

2
_

_

_

$2. 85
3. 53
3. 17
3.56
3.68
3.28
3.14

_

7

1
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

8
8

-

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

3

1

3

3

4

4

7

1

_

2

2

2

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

5
5

-

-

8
8
1

1
1

-

1

-

-

-

_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

2

1

_
4
4

_
_

-

-

6
6

4
4

19
19

2
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

4

1

-

-

-

_

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

_
-

_

_
-

_

S e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s —w o m e n
C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
S t r i p p e r s , h a n d -----------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------Sl itter o p e r at o r s 6
-------------------------Finishing:
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s --------------T i m e ----------------------------Taping-m achine o p e r ato r s T i m e — ------------------------I n c e n t i v e ---------------------M iscellaneous:
Bundlers-packers—
I n c e n t i v e ------- 1
2
3
4
5
6

1
2
3
4
5
6

11
7

6
9

6
27
17

10

31
16

2.80
2. 50
2 . 81

2. 65
2.57

2r81
2.75
2. 92

2 . 75
3.12

1
1

-

-

-

"

2

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

2
2

7
7

4
4

"

7

2
1

3

~

8

-

-

1
-

1

1

2
2

5

5

1

1

3

-

-

3

2

1

1

4
4

3

1
1

1
1

2

3

2

1
-

-

-

1

-

1

2
2

1
1

1
1

1
1

3

T h e D e t r o i t S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of M a c o m b , O a k l a nd , and Wa y n e C o u n t i e s .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
A p p r o x i m a t e l y 63 p e r c e n t
I n c l u d e s 2 m e n a t $ 1. 90 t o $ 2 .
W o rk e r s w e r e d is tr ibu ted as fo llo w s :
1 a t $ 4 . 7 0 to $ 4 . 80 , and 1 at $ 5 . 1 0 to $ 5 . 2 0 .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a dd it io n to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d at a t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e dat a b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t , p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s .




-

-

2

2

of the p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s

c o v e r e d b y t he

study w er e

pa i d on a t i m e b a s i s .

Table 43. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif.
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of pr od u ct io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

Sex,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n

Num­
ber
of
workcl a

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s _______________ 2 , 7 3 1
Me n
___________________________ 2, 599
W o m e n ____________________________
132

Averhourly
ea rn-

$ 3.49
3.51
2.99

M a r c h 197 0)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
S I . 90 S 2 0 £ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40 $ 2. 50 $ 2.60 $ 2 . 7 0 $2. 80 $ 2. 90 $3. 00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3. 20 $ 3. 3 0 $3. 40 $3. 60 $3. 80 $4. 00 $4. 20 $ 4 . 4 0 $4.60 $4. 80 $5.00 $ 5. 20 $5.40"
.0
u nder
$ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $ 2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3. 2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3. 40 $3. 60 $3.80 $4. 00 $4. 20 $ 4. 40 $ 4. 60 $4. 80 $5.00 $ 5. 20 $5 .4 0
.0

4
4
-

41
17
24

24
24

47
47
-

47
43
4

13
13

48
48

4
4

2
0
2
0

-

-

-

-

28
28
-

16
16
-

269
226
43

20
1
19
6
5

250
233
17

31 9
296
23

438
428

10

188
186

2

164

161

298
298

3

-

1

99
98

and
over

81
81

51
51

54
54

18
18

4
4

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

Se le c t e d occ upa tio ns — men
C o rr u g a ti n g :
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s --------------C or r u g a t o r -c o m b in in g m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _______________
D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s __________
O ff-b ea r er s (corrugatingc o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e )______________
R o l l s u p p l y m e n ___________________
Pr intin g:
Flexograp hic printer operators
( pr i nt i ng and f a b r i c a t i n g
o p e r a t i o n s )-----------------------------------------P r in ter - slotter-m achine
o p e r a t o r s ________________________
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r ____________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ______________
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r ____
Printer-slotter-m achine
a s s i s t a n t s 3------------------------------- --------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ______________
T h r e e - c o l o r or m o r e p r i n t e r ____
C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
operators 3
-----------------------------------------C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ______________
P l a t e n _________________________
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
feeders 3
______ ____ ____ __________
C y l i n d e r or r o t a r y ______________
S t r i p p e r s _____ ____________________
S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s __________________
S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s __________________
Finishing :
F o l d i n g - and g l u i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ----------------------S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _________
M iscellaneous:
B a l e r s ________ ___________________
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s_________________
Catchers
Pi e m a k e r s
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s _
_
M ainte nance m e n , g e n e r a l
nH l i t y
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___________
S h ip p in g c l e r k s
Sh ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ___ . . .
S t a r c h m a k e r s _____________________

S ee footn otes at end of ta b le .




45

2

4. 28
3.65

138
32

3. 3 1
3. 54

42

9
-

-

-

_

_

_

2

_

_

2
2

6

31

8

12

6

_

_

8

1

_

2

_

6

2
1

_
_

6
1

1

_

_

30
_

_

1

2

_

13

1

_

1

1

2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

14

4 . 25

47
51

2
2

1

5

_

_

_

_

_

71
4
61

2
0

_
_
.
_

2

4.09

152
13
128

11

4.02
3.65
4. 04
4. 25

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

_

.

41

6

-

37
4

4

_

_

.

_

4

_

_

.

_

18

18

8
10

12
1
11

14

6

2
2
_

2
0
2

6

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

1

1

1

_

_

_

17
3

_

1

1

_

_

1

1

_

_

1

11

3.42
3. 41
3. 61

89
32
47

3. 87
3 . 75
3.96

11

3.44
3.32
3.00
3.18
3. 42

146
132

7
18
80

2
0

49
49

6
8

53
236
29
9

10
18
26
74
13
7

2
2

3.82
3. 1 9
3. 11

3.11
3 . 16
2.94
4.04
4. 81
3 . 18
4. 34
4. 49
3. 76
3. 70
3.42

-

-

-

4
4

-

.
-

_
_

_
.

_
_

_
_

5
5

15
15

_
_

_
_

4
4

2
2

-

-

4
_
_

11

10

9

3
4

_
_
_

3

_

1

_

_
_

_

_

19
3

12
6

4
_

.
_

7
7
4

10

1

5
13

6

44
42

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

4

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

_

5

_

4

_

1
1

2

_
_

1

4
-

-

5
5

_

19

4
4
_
_

-

-

-

_

_

4

10
4

-

-

.
4
4

-

-

-

-

4

-

_
_
4

_
4

-

_

5

_

9
9

5

-

_
_

_

10

7

_

_

2

-

2
8

-

-

10
10

4
.

.
_

_
.

_
_

49

6
6

74
15

3

8

5

_

10

8
_

_
4

8

53
44

8

2
2

1
1

_
_

_
_

1

T

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
9
15

_
_
_

_
_
_

1
1

12

_
_

1

.

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

-

2
1

24
_

1

7

9

7

1

_

12

6

6
_

7

.

2

1

1

1

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

_

_

_
_

1

-

-

-

_
_

.
_

6

1

1

6

_

_

8

-

-

-

-

_
_

.

_

.

2

1

1

_
_

_
' .

_
_

£

l

1

3

3

3

35

5

2
1

1
12

6
2

2

2
2

1

_
_

2

19

-

5
2
2

17
14
3

11

16

Table 43. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif. ---- Continued
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s 2 of production w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occu pation s, M a rc h 1970)
Num Sex,

d ep a rtm en t,

and o c c u p a t i o n

of
work­
er s

r
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s : e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
Aver­
age
$ 1 . 9 0 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 3 0 $2. 40 $ 2. 5 0 $ 2. 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 2. 9 0 $ 3. 00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $3. 40 $ 3. 6 0 $3. 80 $4. 00 ■ $A2 $ 4. 40 $4. 60 $4. 80 f 5 7 o o $5 .20 $5 .4 0
0
0
ho u rly
and
earn■
2 u nd er
mgs
$ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2 . 50 $ 2.60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 2. 9 0 $3. 00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4. 00 $ 4. 20 $ 4. 40 $4. 60 $ 4. 80 $5 .00 $ 5. 20 $5 .4 0 o v e r
.0

Se le c t e d oc cupatio

M i s c e l l a n e o u s — Continued
T r u c k d r i v e r s --------------------------------O t h e r t h an s e m i - o r t r a i l e r . .
S e m i - o r t r a i l e r ---------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , f o r k l i f t _____
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , o t h e r t han
f o r k l i f t ______________________

115
24
91
203

$3 .9 7
3. 45
4.11
3. 6 1

34

35
26

3. 28
2.83

4
4

4
4

15
5

3. 63

.

.
.

.
.

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

4

-

10

6
6

4

5

-

-

117

19

2

18

-

-

-

14

-

13

2

-

44
5
39

32
-

2

32
30

-

-

10
-

-

-

-

3

2

"

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

S e l e c t e d occ upa tio ns — w om e n
Fini sh ing:
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s ----------------------T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ____

8

9
9

4
4

16
.4

6
1

T h e L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m —Sa nt a A n a —G a r d e n G r o v e S t a n da r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s c o n s i s t of L o s A n g e l e s and O r a n g e C o u n t i e s .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
A p p r o x i m a t e l y 89 p e r c e n t of t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y t h e
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in add it io n t o t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .




st u dy w e r e

p a i d on a t i m e b a s i s .

Table 44. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— Milwaukee, W is.1
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
NumSe x,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ----------------------------M e n ______________________________
W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------

of
workel s

2of

Average
hourly
earn-

1, 476
1, 22 6
250

$3.01
3. 13
2.46

17

p r o d uc ti on w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g : t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
s
$ 1.9 $ 1 . 9 5
0

$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $ 2.60 $ 2. 70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00
0

$ 3 .1 0 $3.20 $ 3. 30

$3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $ 3. 70 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60

$ 1. 90 under
$ 1. 95 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 $2.60 $2. 70 $2. 80 $ 2.9 $3.00 $ 3. 10
0
0

$3.20 $3.30 $3.40

$3.50 $3.60 $3. 70 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80

16

17

5

9

2
1
6

81

15

73

3.61
3.44
3.70

11

8

14

6
8

14

2
12

7
4
3

8

14

6
8

34
25
9

41

168

19

52

2
2

116

143
126
17

135
127

8

161
154
7

-

149
149
-

92
89
3

8
8
87

1

71
70

1

46
46
-

-

16

-

48
48
-

25
25
-

44
44
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

3
_

1
_

3

1

1

1

2
2

_
_
_

3
_

_

_
_
_

3
_

2

3

2

1

1

4

_

_

_

19
19

7
7
-

5
5

1

1

_

_

_
_
_

16
-

-

S e le c t e d oc cupa tio ns — men
Co rr u ga ti ng:
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s ________
T i m e ________________________
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
Co rru gator- comb ining-m achine
o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------T i m e ________________________
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s __________
T i m e --------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------O ff-b ea rers (corrugatingc o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e ) ______________

R o l l s u p p l y m e n ___________________
T i m e ________________________
Pr in tin g:
Flexograp hic printer operators
( pr i n t i n g and f a b r i c a t i n g
o p e r a t i o n s ) -----------------------------------------T i m e ............... .....................................
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------P r i n t er - s l o t t e r - m a c h i n e
operators 3
_______________________
T i m e ________________________
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ______________
T i m e --------------------------------------------Tnrfinfivp
Printer-slotter-m achine
assistants 3
_______________________
T i m e ________________________
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ______________
Tim p
Tn rrf= tiv# »
*n =
C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
operators 3
_______________________
T i m p .......
I n c e n t i v e ____ _______
P l a t e n _________
__
T i m e ________________________
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
fe e d e r s 3
---------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _____
P l a t e n ........................................................
Incentive
. ..
S t r i p p e r s 34 / ______________________
a
H a n d ...........................................................
Sl itter o p e r a t o r s _
_
. _
T i m e ________________________
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s ____ _ __
_
__
T i m e ________________________

S ee footn otes at end o f tab le.




6
11

18

6
12
2
0
6
14
51

2
2
23

11
12

24

3.79
3.48
3.94
3.52
3.27
3.63

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.26
3. 16
3.36

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

71
28
43
69
28
41

3.09
3.11
3.07
3.09
3.11
3.08

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

42
23
19
24

3.28
3. 21
3.36
3.30
3.17
3.36

11

24
16
27
18
9

11
7

2.8
8

_

_

_

2
2

_

_

8
1

_

16
14

2

1
1

_
_

_

I
_

_

_

_

_

5

2
3

11
g
3
6
4

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

_

-

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

_

4
4
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

1

1

_

_

1

1
1

2

3
_

2

2
2

3

_
_
_

3
_
_
_

_

.
_
_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

1

8

3

_

_

1

4
4

_

2

_
_

3
_

_
_

_

_

_

5
4

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

1

4
_

2

1

_
_

4 ’
4
_

2
2

_
_
_
_
_

_

1
1

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

3
_

_

2
2

1
1

4

_

_

7
_
7
7

1
1

5

2

24

1
1

2

3
5

3
_
,

_

_

1

2

_

_

_

1

2
2
2

9
9
9
g

4

4
_

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

I

14
7
7
14

7

2
1

8
5
3

8
5

_

4

7

3

5
3

13
13

10
16

19

7

6
1
6

2

2

5

1

24

12
12
_
_
_
_

g

6
14
13

1

13
13

1

2
2
_

_
_
_
_
_

1

_

_

1
1

1
1

2

2

8
g

"

1

'

1
1

1
1

_

_

1

5

_

1

3

1
1

g

8

6

1

2

2

1

_

1
1

1

_

“

5
_

_

3

_

_

_

_

1

2
_

_

1
1

2
1

l

_

2

1

_

_

2
2
2

1
10
2

12
12

6
_

2
2

_

2
2

g

g
4

26

11

1

5

10
16

2
2

“

1

3

26

2
2

_

_

4
_

_

2
2

_

4
-

3.11
3.29
3.11
3.22
2.82
2. 74
3.11
3.01
3.30
3.00

_

8

3.32
3.25
3.39
3.38
3.35
3. 41

24
14
15

_

3.28
3.08

65
32
33
59
28
31

8

-

8

3.39
3.43
3.35

16

-

3

4
4

13

11

-

3

2

1
1
1

1
1

“

1

1

2

1
1

1

"
"
"

1
1

1
'

1

2
2
1
1

"
"

1

1
1
1
1

“

_

1
"

_

1

“

1
1

Table 44. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings—Milwaukee, W is.1---- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
NumSex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and o cc upation

Aver-

of
w ork­
ers

age
$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $2. 10 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0
hourly
U nder and
earn­
$1.90 u n d e r
ings 2
$ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a rn i n g :

of—

$2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20

$ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $4 .4 0 $4.6C

$2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30

$ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $4 .6 0 $ 4 . 8C

S elected occupations— m e n —
C o n tin u e d
F in ish in g :
F o lding- and gluin g -m ach in e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c -----------------T i m e ---------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s _________________
I n c e n t i v e ______________________
T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _______
T i m e __________________________
M iscellaneous:
B a l e r s -----------------------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s --------------------------T i m e .................................................... .
I n c e n t i v e ______________________
C a t c h e r s -------------------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------D i e m a k e r s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------------------------M aintenance m en ,
g e n e r a l u t i l i t y -------------------------------T i m e ------ ------ -------------------------M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e __________
T i m e ----------------- ------------ ---------S t a r c h m a k e r s 4a / ___________________
T ru c k d riv e r s ^ a l l tim e w o rk e rs).
O th e r than s e m i- or t r a i l e r —
S e m i - o r t r a i l e r ------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , f o r k l i f t ________
T i m e .................................................... .
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r, o th e r than
f o r k l i f t , ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) _____

20 $ 3 . 2 5
7
3.13
13
3.32
14
2.96
7
3.06
40
2.58
27
2.35

1
_
-

_
_
.

_
_
_

-

_

_

4
54

4
4

4
4

_
_
_

_
-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

1
1

-

"

4
4

_
_

_

_
_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_

1

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

-

-

“

1
1

_

5
5

1
1
2

_

4

1
3
1

_

_

.

-

-

6
3

2
2
27
24
3
17
17

4
3
9
8
1
7
7

_

3
_

3
1
2

2
2

2

4

1

_

4
2
2
_

4
_

.

_

_

1
1
1

7

_

1

_

_

-

7

_

1

_

1
2
2
6
6

_

8
2

2

1
1
8
8

-

_

8
2
6

_

1

_ '

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

_

_

_

_

2

6
6
5
5

_

-

_

7
2

4
4
1
6

“

9
8
16
16

1

2
_

2

"

_

30
25
96
60
36
39
34
11

2.74
2.63
2.96
2.86
3.14
2.87
2.77
3.14

54
4

11

2.65

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

3

3

2

3 .1 9
3 .1 7
3.64
3 .6 2
3.25
3.38
2.89
3.52
3.08
2.95

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

4
4

_

_

_

32

2.99

C utting an d c r e a s in g :
S t r i p p e r s , h a n d * b/ --------------

29

2.71

-

F in ish in g :
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s -------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------T aping-m achine o p erato rs
I n c e n t i v e ---------------------

34
6
24
8

2.32
2 .8 1
2.45
2.97

65

5

.
_

_

4

4

1

_

1

15
13
27
22
6
34
8
20
52
39

2
2

_
-

_

3
1
2
_
_

_

_

_

2
4
4
2

1

_

15
1
14
1

2

1

3

_

_

-

-

_

8
6
-

_

_
_
_
_

_

5
3

_
_

_

-

1
1

4
4

6
6

1

_

-

-

_

_

1

4
1
3
4

10
1
4
4

_
-

6

-

-

-

_
_
_

_

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

_

_
_

_

_

_

-

"

"

-

_
_

4
4
2
2

_
_

_
_

1
1
1

1
1
1

2
7
_

_
_

_

7
13
11

_

-

3

-

1

7
7

3
3

1
1

13
13

1

.

1
1

1
1

_
_

.

-

_
_
_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
-

_
-

3

_

1

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
3
6
3

1
1
1
1

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
1

_

_

25

14

_

-

S e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ---- w o m e n

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

-

-

4

.
_

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

_

4

-

-

4

1
1

-

14

-

-

_

3
3

T h e M i lw a u k e e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S ta t is t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of M ilw a u k e e , O z a u k e e , W a s h in g to n , an d W a u k e s h a C o u n tie s .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s . A p p r o x i m a t e l y 70 p e r c e n t of t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y t h e
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s i n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a t a t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n o f s e p a r a t e d a t a b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , a n d (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 .8 5 to $ 1 .9 0 .
W o r k e rs w e r e d is tr ib u te d as follow s:
1 a t $ 1 . 7 0 to $ 1 . 7 5 , a n d 4 a t $ 1 . 8 5 to $ 1 . 9 0 .




s t u d y w e r e p a i d on a t i m e b a s i s .

Table 45. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— Newark and Jersey City, N.J.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
NumSex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and occupation

of
workel s

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ___________________
M e n ----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ___________________________________

Aver -

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of

$ 2 .0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0
hourly
earnunder
ings
$ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $3. 10 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0

2, 334
2,216
118

$3.20
3. 23
2.70

59
18
41

3.59
3.3 8
3. 68

-

41
16
25

3 36
34
2

$3.50 $3.60 $3.70

$ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 6 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 0 0 $ 5 .2 0

$3.60 $3.70 $3.80

$ 4 .00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 o v e r

-

16
14
2

14
14
-

12
10
2

38
32
6

96
80
16

129
77
52

147
133
14

230
230
-

203
187
16

189
184
5

152
152
-

201
201
-

183
182
1

91
91
-

99
97
2

75
75
-

102
102
-

175
175

68
68

20
20

20
20

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

2
2

6
4
2

_
_
_

2
_
2

8
6
2

2
_
2

_
_
_

2
2
_

8
_
8

17
6
11

8
_
8

2
_
2

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

2

_

_

6
8

10

9

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

.

2

5

4

4

34

3.89
3.89
3.8 9
3 50
3.5 7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

4

2

4

107
47
60
31
11
20

3.09
3.0 3
3. 14
3. 28
3. 13
3. 37

-

-

_
_

4
2
2

10
4
6

15
7
8

8

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

8
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

8
4
4
6
4
2

23
23

-

13
7
6
2

8

-

_
_

4

-

_
_

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

4

and

-

5
5

7
7

20
20

_

_

_

_

S e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ---- m e n
C o rrugating:
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s __________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------------C or ruga tor - com bining - m ac h in e
o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e __________________________
O f f-b e a re rs (c o rru g a tin g c o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e ) --------------------------T i m e ______________________________
I n c e n t i v e __________________________
R o l l s u p p l y m e n ________________________
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------------------------------P rin tin g :
F le x o g rap h ic p rin te r o p e ra to rs
( p r in t i n g o p e r a t i o n s only)
fa ll i n r p n t i t r p \xrr\~r p r*ci ^
Ir
P rin te r - slo tte r-m ac h in e
o p e r a t o r s 4 _____________________________
T im p
Tn r p n f i\rp

T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ______________________
T i m e ______________________________________
T n r p n tiv p .. .

T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r 6 ___
P rin te r - slo tte r-m ac h in e
a s s i s t a n t s 4_____________________________
T i m e ______________________________________
I n c e n t i v e _________________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r --------------------------T i m e ..................................................... .......
I n c e n t i v e _________________________________
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r 6 ___
C utting and c r e a s in g :
C u ttin g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s 4 _____________________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------T n r p n t“u r p

C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ______________________
T im e
Tn r p n tivp

P l a t e n ------------------------------------------------Tim e ..

. ........ .

C u ttin g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
f e e d e r s 4 _______________________________
I n c e n t i v e __________________________
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------------------------------St r i p p p r s 6 .

S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s _______________________
T i m e ------------------------------------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e __________________________
S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s _____________________________
T i m e ______________________________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________________________

S e e f o o tn o t e s a t end of t a b l e .




4

2

4
8

2

2

6

2

L
u
6

6

2

6

_

_
_

_

_

_

8

_

2

6

_

9

6
2

_

-

8

2

_

14

31

8
6

12
29
19

2

_

4

_

6
6

2

22

3. 58

122
4- 6
76
94
40
54
22

3.9 2
3*66
4.08
3.9 3
3.67
4.12
4.00

121
41
80
99
31
68
18

3.2 8
3.0 7
3.39
3.26
3.02
3.37
3.4 5

66
34
32
34
9
25
24
19

3 .44
3.2 2
3.68
3.61
3. 45
3.67
3.2 3
3. 05

2
2

2
z

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

_

_

5
5

23
14
18
14
12
41
21
20
38
14
24

3.24
3. 44
3.35
3.4 4
2. 89
3.1 8
3.09
3.27
3.4 4
3.1 0
3.64

1

-

-

-

_

-

_

.

2

_

4

2
_
2
2
2

2

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

2

_
_

_

_

2

_

31

2

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

10
_

4

12

6

12
10

8

4

_

_

6

2

10

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

4
4

_
_

4
4

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

4
4

_
_

-

_
_

4
4
-

-

2
2

2
2
_

6
4

10

2

2
2

6
4
2

10
10

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

10

5
5

31
13
18
29
11
18

_

4
2
2

4
2
2

_

7
3
4
5
1
4

6
_

8
4

14
12
8
6
2
6

13
1
12
5
1
4
8

22
18

5
5

10
2

6
4

3
3

10

2

20

4

_

_

20
20

4

_

20
-

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

12

6
6

6

-

5 io

30
19
1

2

2

_

2

10
_

_

_

_

2
_

2
2

2
2

_

_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

2

2

_

_

_

_

_
_

2

_

_
_
_
_

2

2

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

2
_

_

4

6

2

_
_

_
_

2

_

_
_

4

_
8

_

_

5

2

I

"

I

4

_

_
_

2

2

4

_

-

_

8

2

4

2

2
2
2

10
8
8
8

4

_

_

4
6
4

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

8

8
4
4
1
1

15
13
2
_

.
_

1
1

8
8

2
2

8
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

4
4
_

_

_

2

2

_

2
11

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

2

2

2
2
2
2

_

1

4

_

1

9

2
2

4
3

_

_

2

_

_
_

1

9

-

3

-

_

2
2
2

_

_
_

-

11

-

2

2

_

2
2
2

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
.

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

.

.

_

_

_
_

_

.

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

Table 45. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— Newark and Jersey City, N.J.1---- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
NumSex,

dep artm en t,

and o c c u p a tio n

of
w orkers

A verN u m b e r o f w o r k e r s : e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—
r
age
$ 2 .0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0
hourly
and
earnmgs 2
$ 2 .1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 4 0

$ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 6 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 0 0 $ 5 .2 0
and
$ 4 . 6 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 0 0 $5 .2 0 o v e r

S elected occupations— m e n —
C ontinued
F in ish in g :
F olding- and glu in g -m ach in e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ------------------T i m e ......................................................
I n c e n t i v e ______________________
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s 6_________________
T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -----------T i m e ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e ______________________
M iscellaneous:
B a l e r s ------------------------------------------------T i m e ___________________________
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ---------------------------T i m e ----------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ______________________
C a t c h e r s --------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ---------------------------------D i e m a k e r s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------E lec trician s, m aintenance
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------------J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------------M aintenance m en , gen e ral
u t i l i t y ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------------M echanics , m aintenance
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------------S hipping c l e r k s (a ll t i m e w o r k e r s )
S hipping an d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) __________________
S t a r c h m a k e r s ----------------------------------T i m e ---------- ------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s (all t i m e w o r k e r s ) —
O ther than se m i- or tra ile r
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------Sem i- or tra ile r
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , f o r k l i f t ------------T i m e ----------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ---------------------------------T ru c k e rs , p o w e r, other than
f o r k l i f t ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------------

$3.34
3.20
3 .3 9
3.03
3 .0 8
2.86
3 .5 7

61
21
132
72
60
40
31
8

3 .0 7
2.88
2.96
2.90
3.02
3 .0 7
3 .1 2
3 .3 6

7
28

2.54

74

-

2

-

-

-

14

6

-

-

2

-

-

6

-

-

6

_

_

_

2
2

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

_

_
18
18

_

2
-

"

-

"

8
6
2

4
4
_
_
_
_

7
5
2
_
_

8
_
21
5
16
8
8

4
2
34
22
12
8
_

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
.

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

35

3 .1 9

44
7

3.82
3 .2 9

13
10
104

3.58
3.40
3.48
3.83

10

3.44

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

94
96
55
41

3 .8 7
3. 21
3.15
3 .3 0

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

21

3.1 1

15

2.68

7

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

"
11
11
32
30
2
1
_

10
4
11
9
2
2
2

10
4
6

2
2

-

2
2
-

-

4
4

5
5

-

-

-

-

5

5

4

6

9
1
8
13
13
3

8

6

4

8
_
_

6
6
6
4

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

10
2
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

4
2
2
-

-

-

-

1

“

"

2

-

-

2

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

-

5

8

2

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

2

_

2

_

2
_
2
5
6
6
"

12
2
10

3 .8 3

_

2
_
2
2
3
3

6
_
6

3

53
15
38
15
61
42
19

2

-

3

-

11
5
6
6
3
3

-

-

-

-

2
4

2

-

-

-

-

_

2

10

8

5 .

"

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

-

-

-

-

2

-

4
4

2
2

2
3
1
2

_

2
1

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

91

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_
_

_

-

-

90

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

"

“

"

-

_

-

-

4
2
2
4

-

-

-

4

-

19
19

5
1
4

35
17
18

21
8
13

8
2
6

2
2

-

12

-

6

1

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

_

S elected occupations— w om en
F in ish in g :
T aping-m achine o p erato rs
( a l l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) -----------------

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

-

-

-

-

-

6

6

-

-

T h e N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S ta t is tic a l A r e a s c o n s i s t of E s s e x , H u d so n , M o r r i s , an d U nion C o u n tie s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e an d fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and l a t e s h ifts .
A p p r o x i m a t e l y 56 p e r c e n t o f t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s
I n c lu d e s 3 w o r k e r s a t $ 1 . 6 0 to $ 1 . 6 5 .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s i n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s i n a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
W o r k e rs w e r e d is tr ib u te d as follow s:
4 a t $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0 ; 2 a t $ 5 . 4 0 to $ 5 . 6 0 ; a n d 4 a t $ 5 . 8 0 t o $6.
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a t a t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n o f s e p a r a t e d a t a b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t , p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
I n c lu d e s 2 w o r k e r s a t $ 1 .6 0 to $ 1 .6 5 .




-

c o v e re d by the

stu d y w e re paid on a tim e b a s is .

Table 46.

Corrugated and solid fiber boxes:

Occupational earnings----New York, N .Y .1

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a rn in g s

2

o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

M a r c h 19 70 )

NumSex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and occupation

Aver -

of
workei s

$ 2 . 0 0 T T T O $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 J T a o $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 6 0 $ 4 7 80 ■$5.00
hourly Cnder
earnan d
$ 2 .0 0 under
mgs
$ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.3 0 $2.4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $2.70 $ 2.80 $2.90 $ 3.00 $ 3 .1 0 $3.2 0 $3.3 0 $3.4 0 $3.5 0 $3.6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $3.80 $4.00 $4.2 0 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 o v er

______ __ 2 , 7 7 7
A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s _______
M en
________ __ ------- -_ _ — ----- 2 , 6 4 9
W omen.
_ - _ — ___ ____ _
_ ..
128

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

$3.05
3 .0 8
2. 45

118
118
-

48
28

18

1

10

8

1

-

20

10

-

59
34
25

3 .4 7
3.1 3
3.92

-

-

-

38
30

-

-

-

30

3 .9 2
3 .6 8
4 81
3. 46

7

4.01

10

84
24
60

215
215
-

130
130
-

172
168
4

356
347
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

273
270
3

23 7
225
12

116
116
-

197
197
-

151
151
-

11
11

9
7

8
8

_

2

_

3
3
_

-

6
6

_
_

_
_

4
4

5

4

4

4

_

107
107
-

76
76
-

35
35
_ -

176
176
-

150
150
-

53
53

17
17

1

7
7

12
12

6
6

12
12

S elected occupations— m en
C orrugating:
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s _____
T i m e ___________________________ _
I n c e n t i v e — _ __ _____ _________
C or ru g a to r - co m bining-m achine
o p e r a t o r s ___
_
________ _
T i m e _______ ________
__
___ _

8

D ouble-backer o p e r a to rs .

O ff-b e a re rs (corrugatingc o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e )---------T i m e ________ _______

___

---------

R o l l s u p p l y m e n ______________________ _
T i m e ______________________ ______
P rin tin g :
P r i n te r - s l o t t e r - m ac h in e
o perators . . .
_ ________ . . . __
T i m e _________ _____ _____
_ _
T n rp n t i v p
S i n g l e - c o l o r p r i n t e r 4 ---------- ----------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ____ _____
_ .
T im e
__
. . . _
_ ____
Incentive —
____ _____________
T h re e-c o lo r or m o re printer
^a 11 ti m p w n r k p r ^ i
P rin te r- slo tte r-m ac h in e
a s si s t a r t s 5 ____ _____
_ _ ________
T i m e . . . . . __ ____ _______
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ._ . _____
__ _
T i m e _ ___
_ __________ __
I n c e n t i v e _______ __________ ___
T h re e-c o lo r or m o re p rin ter
fall t i m p w o r k f i r s ) .
C utting and c r e a s in g :
C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p erato rs..
_ _____________ ______ _
T im e
Tn cent.i v e
T im n
fa ll t i m
)
C u ttin g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
____
feeders 5
T i m e . . . _________ __ __ _ ____
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ..
Ti m e. ..
S t r i p p e r s __________ _ _ __
... _ _
____
_______
I n c e n t i v e ___
S litter o p e r a to r s ..
_
. . . .
T im e _ .
_ . _____ _ _ __
S lo tter o p e ra to rs . . . . . .
. . . .
T im e

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le .




66

52
14
45
30
15

141
114
27

3 .1 0
2.9 5
3 63
3 .1 9
2 .9 4
3 .6 9

85
25
23

28
125
97
28

3 .0 4
2.98
3 .2 8
3.05
2 .9 9
3. 28

20

94
80
14
75
61
14
19

3 .3 4
3 .3 0
3 .5 7
3. 36
3.31
3 .5 7
3 .2 4

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

22

17

8

71
58
46
34

2

2
2

_

_

1

4
_
4

_

_

4
_
4

_

1

3

1

2

2

_
_

_
_

4
4

_
_

12

2
2

.
_

_
_

6

2

12

1

1

8

4

1

11

20

2

20

13
13

2

11

2

.

_
.

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

6
6

_
.

4
4

4
4

12
12

.
_

2
2

6
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

4
4

4
4

4

11
11

10

2 .9 7

33
28
27

2

-

3

3. 53

150
122

1

1

3

1

3
_

_

3
3

.
_

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4
4
-

-

-

-

r
-

-

_
_

6
6

10

6
6

6

-

6

23

1

19
16
3

9

11

8
1

_

4
_
-

_
4
4
-

49
47

6

5

1
1

3
_
3

_
_
_
_

9

21
20

4

1

9
8
1

_
17
16

2

_
4

1

2
2

2

1

9

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

6

2

1

4

-

10
10

10

4

2

2

40
40

23
17

10

1

_
35
35
_

8

2

1

4

_

_

9

12
11
1

2

2

1

9

19
19

31
31

10
8

11
5
8

2

_

11

24
24

a

*
.

2

7

5

4

-

-

15
15
15
15
_
4
4
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

3
_
_
-

'

1

_

_

10

1

_

.

10

1

2

18
14
4

_
_

1

2

1
1

2

_
_
_
_

_
2

_

1

_
1

2

3
_
_
_
_
_
_

10

3
3
3
3

2

12

6

11
1

4

_

_

2

2

1

6

1

_

1

2

1

2

_

2

_

_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_

8

-

*
~

2

g

38
36

3

5

-

1

9

-

_

2

8

-

3
18
15
3

2

1

5
3

11

9
_
9
9

’

2

~

10

26
.8
2 .8 0
2 .8 4
2. 76
3. 16
3.60
3.03
2. 95
3. 12
3. 04

1

2

5
_

1

3. 66
3. 58
3 .9 6
3.31
3. 71
3.6 3
3. 96

8
110

6

5

3
_
_

_
13
13

6
6

1
1

6
6

4
4
4
4

2

2
2

4

2
2

1
1

_
_

_

_

_

13

8

5

_
-

19

11
6
4

3
3

6

2
5
5

8
8

2

2

_

.

_

_
'

1

6

'
'
~

2

~

2

'
'
'

~
"

1

20

3
_

_

1

1

2

n

_

11
10

2

_

1
1
1

_

-

1
1

6

-

1

_

_
_
3
_
-

1
1

1
1

_

1
1
1

_

.

_

_

.

_
_

_

_

_

.

.

_
_

Table 46.

Corrugated and solid fiber boxes:

Occupational earnings---- New York, N .Y .1---- Continued

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

Sex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and o cc upation

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A verage
hourly
earn­
i n g s 13
2

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s i
$ 2 .00 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 .80 $5.00
d er and
an d
.00 under
$ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 .8 0 $5.00 over

S elec te d occupations— m en —
C o n tin u e d
F inishing:
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------------S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------------T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ----------------T i m e ---------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------------M iscellaneous:
B a l e r s ______________ ____ _________________
T i m e ______________________________
I n c e n t i v e __________ _______________
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s --------------------- --------T i m e ---------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------------C a t c h e r s _________________________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------J a n ito rs , p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------M aintenance m en, g en e ral
u t i l i t y ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------------M echanics, m aintenance
(a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------R eceiv in g c le rk s
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------S hipping an d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ____________________
S t a r c h m a k e r s 4 -------------------------------------6
5
T r u c k d r i v e r s 7 (a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----O t h e r t h a n s e m i - o r t r a i l e r ---------S e m i - o r t r a i l e r ____________________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , f o r k l i f t ____________
T i m e ----------------------------------------------

32
25
7
21
14
122
89
33

$3.29
3 .2 1
3.56
3.07
2 .9 1
3.06
2.86
3.58

50
40
10
180
102
78
29
27

2.84
2.78
3.05
2.98
2.83
3.18
2.89
2.84

4
4

12

2.38

b4

21

3.90

11

3 .7 1
3.09
3.65
3.60
3.74
3.12
3 .1 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

4
4

-

_

-

-

-

-

18
38

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
2

8
7
1

10
8
2

3

3

1

7

2

2

5

2

-

-

-

-

3

3

1

7

2

2

5

2

-

-

-

-

„

.

.

_

.

.

.

_

2

55
52
3
12
12

41
14
27
4
4

7
4
3
1
1

15

12
4
8

5

4

3

2

4

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

15

5

4

2

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

3
2

“

4
2
2
10
10

_

_

2

4

5

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

■

"

*

'

_

-

-

-

■

.

-

.

6

-

-

-

7

-

-

1

:
_

_

_

_

_

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

_
_

_

1

_

11
10

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

.

.

-

2

-

4

2

3

-

2

-

i

8

2

-

1

-

-

-

66
7
59

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
:

2

_

4
4

_

16
16

_

8
2

10
10
-

15
8

-

1
1

1
8

_

-

3

4

4
-

16
16
-

4
4

-

-

91
78

-

-

-

1 T h e N e w Y o r k S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of N e w Y o r k C i t y ( B r o n x , K i n g s , N e w Y o r k , Q u e e n s , a n d R i c h m o n d C o u n t i e s ) ,
C o u n tie s, N.Y .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s . A p p r o x i m a t e l y 85 p e r c e n t of t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s
3 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 5 to $ 5.20.
4 In s u f fic ie n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n of s e p a r a t e d ata by m e th o d of w a g e p a y m e n t, p r e d o m i n a n tl y t i m e w o r k e r s .
5 In c lu d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in ad d itio n to t h o s e show n s e p a r a t e l y .
6 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 .8 0 t o $ 1 .9 0 .
7 I n c lu d e s d r i v e r s w h o o p e r a t e m o r e t h a n one ty p e of t r u c k an d w h o a r e n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




:

-

26
26

_

-

-

:

-

1
1

_

_

-

6

3
3

_

_

-

-

4
3

_

-

-

4
4
20
18
2

"

16
9

_
_
.

.

1
1
1

9
9

_

-

5
5

9
9

_

_

4
3
1

2
2

-

.

-

10
10
32
31
1

14
14

-

-

_
_
_

2.75

19
6
195
115
67
55
44

-

3 .2 3

21

8
8

and N a ssa u ,

-

2
2

R ockland,

c o v e r e d by th e

Suffolk,

study w e re

and W e s tc h e s te r

p a i d on a t i m e b a s i s .

Table 47.

Corrugated and solid fiber boxes:

Occupational earnings----Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J.

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

Sex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and occupation

M a r c h 1 9 70)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ofN um ­ A verber
age
"$2j00 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 3 . 9 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 6 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 0 0
hourly
of
and
w ork­ earn­
an d
under
ers
ings 2
$ 2 .1 0 $2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 3 .9 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .40 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 .80 $ 5 .0 0 o v e r

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ----------------------------- 1 ,71 3
M e n ----------------------------------------------------------- 1 ,66 5
W o m e n _________ _________________________
48

$3.27
3 .2 9
2.7 9

21
9
12

27
27

3 .9 4

.

64
64

4
4

-

-

_

45
44
1

36
26
10

101
99
2

_

_

190
185
5

106
102
4

161
160
1

97
96
1

128
125
3

_

_

2
2

5

_

75
75

50
50

60
60

-

-

3

.

30
29
1

38
38

-

36
35
1

2

1

2

-

38
36
2

65
64
1

49
47
2

161
159
2

84
84
-

19
19
-

25
25
-

_

_

1

_

I

"

~

6

~

~

3
3
-

S elected occupations— m en
C o rrugating:
I n c e n t i v e __________________________
C o r ru g at o r - c o m b in in g - m a c h i n e

17

_

9

3 OR
3 65

16
17
O ff-b e a re rs (co rru g a tin g c o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e )_________________
I n c e n t i v e ---------------------------------------

P rinting:
P rin te r- slo tter-m ach in e
o p e r a t o r s 3------------------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------- --------I n c e n t i v e _______________________
__________ .
_
T i ma
T}irpp m ln r r,r

p rin te r

T n Anbi
r»

3.2 1
3 .6 8
3 01
3 .13

94
45
49
51
23
28
37
15

3.87
3.47
4.24
3 . 78
3 .3 4
4.14
3 .9 0
4 .3 1

P rin te r- slo tte r-m ac h in e
a s s i s t a n t s 3 ------------------------------------------68
T i m e ______________________________________________28
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------------40
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ___________________________ 49
T i ma
22
27
T hree-color or m ore
p r i n t e r 4 b / ----------------------------- -------13
C utting and c r e a s in g :
C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s 3 -------------------------------------------

47
24
23
P y U n H o r nr Tr>t-a
-ry
21
T i ma
12
P l a t e n ---------------------------------------------------- 0
2
T i ma
12
C u ttin g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
f e e d e r s 3_______________________________________________38
T 1TY A
1
23
(~ 1i nH at* or* r n f a r y
*.y
17
T i ma
15
S t r i p p e r s 4 b / __________________________________________ 30
S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s ___________________________________ 36
4 T i ma
18
I n c e n t i v e _______________________________________ 18
S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s . _________________________________ 17
_
T i ma
10
I n c e n t i v e _______________________________________ 7
T i ma

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
l

2

6

3
3
3
3

2
2

Z
Z

1
1

-

3
3

-

2
2

-

9
9

6
6

-

13
12
1

4
4

7
4
3
7
4

7
7

12
10
2

4

-

4
4

l

6

~

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 .5 7

-

-

-

-

3 .6 2
3 .1 2
4.14
3 .4 0
3 n
3.58
3.10

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

4
3
1
3
3

-

15
15

5
4
1
5
4

_
_

5
5

5

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

3
3

6
6

3
3

_

4

i

4

10
10

-

-

2

_

l

-

7
2
5
3

5

-

5
4
1
1

2
_

_

-

_

-

_

-

_

_

.

_

6

-

_

-

6
6
4
4

_

6

6

6

6

6
_

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

_

4
-

.

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

8
6
5
4

3
3
3
3
4
3
3

_
-

-

3
3

3
3

1

2
2
2
2
5
9
7
2
5
5

1
1

4
3
1
1
1

1

6
-

2
7
5
2
-

-

_

-

2
3
3
3
2
1

_

-

-

5
2

1

3

"

"

1

-

_
_
_

6
_

_

20

_

6

14

24
_
_

-

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

24
14

_

1

1

-

‘

1

-

~

-

_
.

_

.

.

2

1

-

1

-

_

2

_

1

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

12

-

"
12

12

_
_

-

_

.

-

-

-

_

_

12

_

1

_

-

1

-

6

.

_

.

-

"

.

-

1
-

_

’

_

-

_

-

-

1 '
I

-

4

"

-

5
2

_

.
_

_
_

14
-

_

_

1
1

-

_

.

_
_
_

1
_

_

20

_
_

_
_

_

2

2

1
2
2

_

6

_

6

16
16

_
-

4

10

.
_

6
_

2

2
2

_
_

-

i

_

_
_

_

2
2

_

-

5

3

12

-

,

2

2

-

“
"

2

-

-

2

12
12
4

1
1
12
2

-

9
9

9
9

3 .5 0
2 .8 7
3 .9 4
3.38
2.77
3.87

3. 19
2. 69
2.77
2.77
3.47
3. 36
3.04
3^9
3.41
3. 05
3 .9 4

23
1

5
5

3 09
3. 83

77
42
21
7

g

6
6

_

6

1

.

6
4

.

4

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
.

.

_
_

.
-

-

-

Table 47.

Corrugated and solid fiber boxes:

Occupational earnings— Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J.1---- Continued

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,
NumSex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and o cc upation

A ver-

of
w orkers

hourly
earnm g s 23
4

M a r c h 1 9 70 )

N u m b e r < f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of
o
f T T o o 1$ T T o $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 ' $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 3 . 9 0 $ 4 . 0 0 '$4720' J 4 A 0 $ 4 . 6 0 $ 4 . 8 0 T 5 . 0 0
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $3.2 0 $3.3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3.50 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3.70 $3.8 0 $3.9 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 .8 0 $5.00

and
over

S elected occupations— m en —
C o n tin u e d
F inishing:
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c _______________
I n c e n t i v e _________________________
T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ---------------T i m e _____________________________
I n c e n t i v e ____ ____ ____ _________
M iscellaneous:
B a l e r s ----------------------------------------------------T i m e --------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------3 u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s _______ ___________
T i m e ___________________ __________
I n c e n t i v e __________ _______ _______
C a t c h e r s ------------------------------------------------T i m e ______
___________________
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------D i e m a k e r s ------------------------------------------ 1
T im e
........... .. - _____
_
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------------------------M aintenance m en , g eneral
itH 1i f-tr
f iT npw nrkpr c 1
?
M echanics, m aintenance

31
18

$3.71
4.13

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

10
10

_
-

.
-

.
-

.

.

.

.

_

1

2

2

_

-

-

3
3
-

1

-

5
3
2

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

2

-

-

-

-

6
6
18
12
6
2

2

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

12
4
8
1

1
3
3
4

1
2
2
_

-

1
1
-

_
1

1
1
-

1
_
1
_

_
_

_
.
_

54
_
54
6

6
_
.
_
_

_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
.
-

2
2

1
-

4
-

7
4

- .

2
2

1

-

-

-

_

6

_

-

_

Q
7

1

3
2
1
29
24
5
2
2

9
8
1
8
4
4
9
8
1

2

-

2

1

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

35
23
12
171
82
89
41
22
19
11
8

3.08
2.69
3.82
3 .21
2.58
3.78
2 .9 5
2.54
3.42
3.34
3.34

-

-

3
3
29
29
9
9
-

-

-

1

2

3.36
3.68

3.34
3.83

3
1

1
1
2
2

-

15
8

1
1

1
1
2
2
-

_
-

3.35
2 .9 3
2. 91
3.79
3.68
3.84
2.90
2 .8 6

9
1

4
4
9
9
3
3
-

_
-

g
11
10
84
29
48
76
71

-

-

-

16

-

8
1
1

*

-

2.65

3

-

-

12

-

1
1

3.08
2 .8 6
3 .5 1

17

-

g
17
16
1

33
22
11

-

-

£

2
1

_

.9

l

1

S hipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
S t a r c h m a k e r s --------------------------------------*Ti r~n <
=
>
T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 (all t i m e w o r k e r s ) . . .
O t h e r t h a n s e m i - o r t r a i l e r ______
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , f o r k l i f t -------------T i m e ---------------------------------------------

_

_

.

.

_

1
1

4
4

.

_

2
3
2

3
3
4
4

.

_

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

13

_

-

-

-

-

5
5

12
12

20
20

2
2

5
3

1
1

1
-

1
-

13
1
1

1
1

_

3
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

6
_

_

_

_

_

2
2

-

-

-

-

36

1

5

■6

-

29

20
20

31
31

_

-

l

3

_

S elec te d occupations— w om en
F in ish in g :
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _________________________

-

1
1

1 T h e P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of B e r g e n a n d P a s s a i c C o u n t i e s .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s . A p p r o x i m a t e l y 62 p e r c e n t o f t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y t h e
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s i n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 I n s u f f i c i e n t d a t a t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n o f s e p a r a t e d a t a b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t s ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , a n d (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
5 I n c l u d e s d r i v e r s w h o o p e r a t e m o r e t h a n o n e t y p e of t r u c k a n d w h o a r e n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




2
2

study w e re

p a i d on a t i m e b a s i s .

Table 48. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— Philadelphia, Pa.—N .J.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,
NumSex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and occupation

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s -----------------------------M e n ----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ___________________________________

A ver-

of
w orkei s

hourly
earnings

2, 645
2,405
240

$3.06
3 .0 9
2.72

13
2
11

35
13
22

42
34

3.37
3.28

-

44
35
40
32

3 .4 3
3.31
3.17
3.0 3

124
106
35
28

M a r c h 1 9 70 )
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

$2.30

$2.50

$2.60

$2.70

$2.80

$2.90

$3.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

$3.30

$3.40

$3.50

$3.60

$3.70

$3.80

$4.10

$4.20

$4.30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$2.60

$2.70

$2.80

$2.90

$3.00

$3.10

and

$3.40

$3.50

$3.60

$3.70

$3.80

$3.90

$4.00

$4.10

$4.20

$4.30

$4.40

over

65
53
12

126
94
32

23 8
203
35

173
150
23

410
349
61

32 6
31 0
16

3 10
303
7

124
122
2

208
196
12

146
143
3

99
98
1

66
64
2

93
93
-

27
27
-

27
27
-

27
27
-

124
124
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

1
_
1

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

23
23

6
6

2
2

5
-

_

1
1

1
_

1
-

1
_

.
_

_
_

_
_

.
.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20

3
3
6
6

5
5

14
14
1
1

11
11
-

6
6
_
-

1
1
5
-

1
-

1
-

4
-

4
_
_
-

1
_
-

_
_
-

_
.
_
-

_
_
.

_
1
-

2. 95
2.87
3 .1 2
3. 01

-

-

-

-

8
8
-

1
1
-

63
62
-

3
3
15
15

2
2

-

1
4

2
2

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

.

-

2
1
-

12
-

-

32
32
11
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

3 .4 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
15

3 .3 8
3.30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

12
11

2
-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

145
118
112
90
29
24

3.3 1
3 .2 3
3. 31
3.2 2
3.30
3.22

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4
4
-

2
2
2
2
-

2
2
2
2
-

16
16
8
8
8
8

12
12
10
10
2
2

52
52
45
45
7
7

23
20
12
11
7
5

9
7
7
5
2
2

6
1
5
1
1
-

5
5
-

2
2
2
2
-

10
10
-

-

2
2
_

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

124
101
110
92
13
8

3 .0 4
2.96
3. 03
2.96
3.14
3 .0 2

-

-

-

' 2
2
2
2

-

7
7
7
7
-

7
7
6
6
-

2
2
2
2
-

10
10
-

2
2

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

4
3
1
-

3
3
-

-

56
54
48
48
8
6

4
2
4
2
-

-

27
27
25
25
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

96
82
26
25
60
47 ■

3.20
3.15
3 .1 7
3. 15
3 .2 2
3. 13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
38
11
11
25
25

19
17
4
4
15
13

21
21
10
10
3
3

8
6
8
6

1
1
-

-

8
1
7
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

13
8
44
41
36
34
56
45
39
34

2 .9 9
2 .6 9
2 .6 7
2 .6 2
2 .6 3
2. 59

-

8
8
8
8
-

8
8
8
8
-

2
2
2
2
-

5
5
7
7
7
7
-

3
3
10
10
8
8
2
2
2
2

-

1
1
1
1
23
22
3
2

7
7
16
15

1
4
4

1
-

2
2
2

5
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

U J
$2.30

$2.40

under
$2.40 $2.50

$3.10 $3.20
-

-

$3.20 $3.30

$3.90' $4.00

$4.40

S elected occupations— m en
C orru g a tin g :
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s ---------------T i m e ______________________________
C or ru g a to r-c o m b in in g - m ac h in e
o p e r a t o r s ______________________________
T i m e ______________________________
D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s -------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------------O f f-b e a re rs (c o rru g a tin g c o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e ) --------------------------T i m e - ------ ----------------------------------- —
R o l l s u p p l y m e n ________________________
T i m e ---------- ---------------------------------P rin tin g :
F le x o g rap h ic p rin te r o p e ra to rs
(p rin tin g o p e r a tio n s only)
(a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ____________________
F le x o g rap h ic p rin te r o p e r a to rs
(printing and fa b ric a tin g
o p e r a t i o n s )-------------------------------------------T i m e ____ __________________________
P rin te r - slo tte r-m ac h in e
o p e r a t o r s 3_____________________________
T i m e ______________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r __________________
T i m e _________ _____________________
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r ------T i m e ______________________________
P rin te r- slo tter-m ach in e
a s s i s t a n t s 3 ____________________________
T i m e ______________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r __________________
T i m e ------ ------------- ------- -----------------T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r i n t e r _____
T i m e .............................................................
C utting and c r e a s in g :
C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s 3_________________________
T i m e _____________ ____ ____________
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y __________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------P l a t e n ________________________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
f e e d e r s _________________________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------S t r i p p e r s 3 ---------------------------------------------T i m e ______________________________
H a n d __________________________________
T i m e ____________________ _________
S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------T i m e _________________________ _____
S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s ------------- ------ -------T i m e _________________ ____________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




2.99
2 .9 2
2. 99
2. 95

-

5
5
14
14
11
11

4

4
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table 48.

Corrugated and solid fiber boxes:

Occupational earnings---- Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J.1---- Continued

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,
NumSex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and o c c u p a tio n

of
w orker s

A verage
hourly
earnmgs

M a r c h 1 9 70)
o
N u m b e r < f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of —

$ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 T2T5CT $ 2 . 6 0
Under
and
$2.30 u n d er
$2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70

$2.80

$2.80

$2.90

$2.90

$3.70 T 3 . 8 0

$3.00

$3.00

$3.10

$3.20

$3.30

$3.40

$3.50

$3.60

-

$2” 70

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$3.10

$3.20

$3.30

$3.40

$3.50

$3.60

$3.70

$3.80

$3.90

$3.90 $4.0 0

$4.00

$4.10

$4.10

$4.20

$4.“30

$4.40

$4.20

$4.30

$4.40

over

and

S elected occupations— m en —
C o ntinue d
F ini shing:
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e
_

_
_

1
1
6
6

4
4
_
_
2
2

_
6
6
8
8

6
6
7
7
16
16

3
2
13
9
6
6

1
.
4
3
2
2

18
15
_
.
2
_

7
7
3
-

3
1
-

1
3
-

-

3
-

-

-

-

-

2
2
12
11
_
_
_

10
10
28
28
11
_
_

_
41
34
_
_
_

19
19
46
37
3
.
_

8
7
22
17
_
2
2

1
1
3
_
1
3
3

4
2
_
3
3

1
_
1
1

3
15
3
3

1
1
1

-

-

-

4
-

-

-

3

-

-

1

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
1

1
1

9
7
6
1

4
1
1
1

_
-

19
20
20

3
7
7

'

1
3
3
1

2
_
_
1
1

2
_
-

8

1

1
2

4

-

-

-

1
-

_

46
35
34
26
45
40

$3.11
3.04
2.90
2 .8 5
2 .8 5
2.78

45
41
186
141
15
20
14

2.84
2.80
2 .8 1
2.74
2.74
3 .4 5
3 .2 8

10

3 .4 9

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

24

2.68

_

_

_

2

18

2

2

48
46
44
11

3 .4 6
3.59
3.6 1
3.08

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

3
1
_
4

3
_
_

-

_
_
.
2

8
12
11
134
118
126
110

3 .0 5
3.00
2.94
3.97
4.00
3. 01
2 .9 3

_
_

_
_

3
_
_

5
5

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

_
14
13

_
2
2

21
21

-

-

-

_
_

37
37

25
25

12
12

4

_

.

-

-

29
23

3 .0 9
2 .9 9

-

7
4

C utting and c r e a s in g :
-r i ppp* t*s ^
..............
T i m e __ _____________ _____ ______ _
Hand
_________________________
T im r
.... . .
__

29
25
25
21

2.54
2.42
2.53
2.40

_

F in ish in g :
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s ____ ___ _____________
T im e
______ ___ _____ __ - ____ T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _____ _____
T i m e _ - ______ ___ ____ ___ ___

27
23
36
31

2.85
2.80
2.82
2 .7 6

M iscellaneous:
B u n d le rs - p a c k e r s
(a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ____________

19

2 .7 3

.

_

_
_

_

_

_
_

M iscellaneous:

E lectrician s, m aintenance
(a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ___ _ - __ _____ - J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) - ___
__ __ _
M aintenance m e n , g en e ral
l l t i l i t y (a ll f i m p w n r k p r R )
M a r*h a n i r s m p i n t p n ^ n r p
T i m e . ___ __ _
_
__ _
S h i p p i n g c l e r k s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s )----Shipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
(^11 t i m p w n r l < p r s |
S t a r c h m a k e r s __________ ________ ____
T \m <
=
>
T r u c k d r i v e r s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) 3 -----S e m i - Of* t r a i l p r
Tfiirlcovo p n w p r
forklift
Tim p
T ru c k e rs , pow er, o th er than
f n r k l i ft
T im e

_

_
_

_

4
4

2
2
9
8

.

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

-

‘

-

-

-

-

■
- '
-

2
-

-

-

-

■
-

■
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

1
2
2
1

3
1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

6
6
4
-

118
110
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

1
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

■
-

'

“
‘

1
_
_
-

_
_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

8
8

11
11

_

-

11
11
11
11

8
8
8
8

4
4
_
_

2
2
2
2

_
.
_

_
_
_

_
_
.

_
_
_

-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

5
5
4
4

_
3
3

_
2
2

13
13
21
19

5
5
3
3

1
_
.
_

_
_
-

5

7

6

1

_

_

_
_

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S elected occupations— w om en

1
2
3

____

_
_

_

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

' -

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

2
-

1
-

T h e P h i l a d e l p h i a S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of B u c k s , C h e s t e r , D e l a w a r e , M o n t g o m e r y , a n d P h i l a d e l p h i a C o u n t i e s , P a . ; a n d B u r l i n g t o n , C a m d e n , a n d G l o u c e s t e r C o u n t i e s , N . J .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s . A p p r o x i m a t e l y 87 p e r c e n t of t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y t h e s t u d y w e r e p a i d on a t i m e b a s i s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




Table 49. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings---- St. Louis, Mo.—111.1

and occupation

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s _______
_ _ ____
M e n _________________ - ------- _ --------W o m e n _________________________ ____ - —

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o fA verage
T 2 h x T $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 3 . 9 0 $4 700 $ 4 . 1 0 $ 4 . 2 0
hourly
and
earn­
under
ings 2
$ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $_3.90 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 1 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 3 0

1 , 6 18
1 ,44 5
173

$2.99
3. 02
2.7 1

3 26
18
8

4
4
-

.
-

76
64
12

88
68
20

167
137
30

162
132
30

144
122
22

150
134
16

133
126
7

90
83
7

106
104
2

86
85
1

67
58
9

68
66
2

42
42

-

36
19
17

3.31
3 .0 0
3.6 6

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

-

4
4

2
2

-

4
4

2
2

3
3

2
2

34
20
14
33
16
17

3 .46
3 .1 7
3.89
3.3 3
3. 00
3 .6 5

1
1

-

90
53
37
27
18

3 .03
2 .73
3 .4 7
3. 05
2 .7 7
3 .6 2

$4.40 $4.50
and

-ta
^
o

Sex, d e p a r tm e n t,

M a r c h 19 7 0 )

7
o

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

$4.50

4
4
-

5
5

4
4

23
23

'

-

'

-

-

-

-

4
4 •
-

1
1

-

-

-

44
41
3

45
43
2

19
18
1

43
42
1

8
8
-

14
14

7
3
4

1
1

2
2

1
1

3
3

1
1

-

3
3

5
5
-

2
2
1

1

1
1
3

1

over

S e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ----m e n
C o rrugating:
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s ______ _ _
T i m e --------------------------------- —
I n c e n t i v e __ _ __ _____ _____ _ —
C o r rug at o r - co m b in in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s . -------------- --- ----—
T i m e ___ _________________ _______
I n c e n t i v e — _ ___ ______________
D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s ______
— _
--------------------- ----T i m e ---------I n c e n t i v e ________________- ______
O ff-b e a re rs (corrugatingc o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e )--------------------------T i m e _____ _________
_________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------------R o l l s u p p l y m e n ________________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------P rinting:
F le x o g rap h ic p rin te r o p e ra to rs
(p rin tin g and fa b r ic a tin g
o p e r a t i o n s ) ------------------------ ----- ------ ----T i m e ___________ _____
___ _____
P rin te r- slo tter-m ach in e
o p e r a t o r s 4 ________ ______
T i m e _____________
_____ . _
I n c e n t i v e ____ _____ ____ _________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r --------------------------T i m e ____________ ________________
I n c e n t i v e ___ _ _________ _____
P rin te r- slo tter-m ach in e
a s s i s t a n t s 4 _________ _____ __ _______ _
T i m e _________ _____ ____________ _
I n c e n t i v e _________ ______ ____ __
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ------------- ---------T i m e ---------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ---------------------------- -------C utting and c r e a s in g :
C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s 4 ____________________________
T i m e ______________________________
I n c e n t i v e __________________________
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y (a ll
t i m e w o r k e r s )______________________
P l a t e n ------------------------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e __________________________
C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
f e e d e r s 4 _______________________________
T i m e ______________________________
P l a t e n 5 a / ___________________ ________
S t r i p p e r s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ___ _______
S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s ______________ _______
T i m e _____________________ _______ _
S l o t t e r o p e r a t o r s ____ ___________________
Tim e

I n c e n t i v e __________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

4
4

3
3

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

6
6

10
10

12
12

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

6
6

4
4

5
5

6
6

4
4
-

3
3

9
9
-

14
14
-

-

9

-

4
4

-

1
2

-

9

1

-

1

2

3

1

-

-

_

-

-

1
1
-

1
1
4

1
1
-

4
4
2

8
8
1

2
2
1

2
2
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

2
2
2

1

4

3.35
3 .2 8

95
52
43
93
52
41

3.3 4
3.11
3.6 2
3.34
3.1 1
3 .6 3

-

106
63
43
104
63
41

-

-

-

-

-

3 .0 5
2 .82
3.37
3 .0 4
2 .8 2
3.38

-

-

-

-

46
26
20

3. 05
2 .8 2
3 .3 6

-

-

-

7
33
19
14

2 .9 0
3.09
2 .7 8
3.50

-

-

-

15
10
8
12
48
32
21
14
7

2 .7 5
2 .6 6
2 .6 6
2. 09
2.98
2 .7 7
2.84
2. 56
3.40

_
10
4
4

-

_
-

_
-

-

5
5

2
2

-

-

-

4
2

-

-

-

-

11
9

6

11
7
4
11
7
4

8
8
8

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

2

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

6
6
6
6
-

2
2
2
2
-

17
15
2
17
15
2

4
?
2
4
2
2

12
9
3
12
9
3

13
11
2
13
11
2

6
6
6

6
6
4
4

8

1

1

-

2

_

-

2

1

3

2
2
2
2
-

6
6
6
6
-

1
1
1
1
-

28
26
2
28
26
2

10
6
4
10
6
4

9
8
1
9
8
1

8
7
1
8
7
1

3
3
3
3

19
19
17
17

9
7
2
9
7
2

2
2
2
2

-

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

_
-

1
1
1
1

2
2
2
.
2

_
.
-

_
-

-

3
3
3
3

-

-

7
6
1

2
2

5
4
1

6
6
-

6
4
2

5
4
1

2
2
-

-

-

8

1

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

8

1

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

6
6
-

-

2
3
2
1

3
3
3
-

6
4
2

5
4
1

2
-

-

-

6

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

6

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1
1
1
-

7
6
5
2
8
8
-

1
1

1
2
2

_
13
13
-

1
1
11
9
5
4
1

3
2
1
-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

1

-

-

-

-

_
1
1

-

'

-

3
2
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

4

.

-

-

-

1
1

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table 49. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings---- St. Louis, Mo.—111.1
----Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , M a r c h 1 9 7 0 )
NumSex,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n

of
work-

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e ar ni ng ; of—
Ave:
age
"$2. 0 "$ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40 $2750 $ 2.60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2. 80 $2. 90 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3. 3 0 $3. 40 $ 3. 50 $ 3. 60 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3. 80 $3. 90 $4. 00 $ 4 . 1 0 $4. 20 $ 4. 30 $4. 40 $4. 50
0
hourly
and
earn~
"
u nder
mgs
$ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $ 2. 40 $2. 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2. 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3. 3 0 $3. 40 $ 3 . 50 $ 3. 60 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3. 80 $ 3. 90 $4. 00 $ 4 . 1 0 $ 4. 20 $4. 30 $ 4. 40 $4. 50 o v e r

S e l e c t e d oc cupa tio ns — m e n—
Continued

F in is h in g :
F o ld in g - a n d g lu in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c __________
T im e ______ ____ ____________
I n c e n tiv e ___________________
S t it c h e r o p e r a t o r s 5b / ___________
T a p i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ______
T im e ...............................................
M i s c e ll a n e o u s :
B a l e r s .........................................................
T im e —......... ..................................
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ________________
T i m e ____ ____ _____ ________
I n c e n tiv e ----------------------------C a t c h e r s __________________________
T i m e _______________________
I n c e n tiv e ___________________
D i e m a k e r s ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s )___
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n c e
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ______________
J a n ito r s , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ---------------------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l
u t il it y ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ______
M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e ( a ll
t i m e w o r k e r s )----------------------------S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v in g c le r k s
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ---------------------S t a r c h m a k e r s -----------------------------T im e -----------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s 4----------------------------T i m e -------------- ------------- ------S e m i- o r t r a i l e r ---------------------T im e _______________________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , f o r k l if t _______
T im e ......... .............................. ......
I n c e n tiv e _____ ______________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , o t h e r th a n
f o r k l if t 5 b / ......... .................. ................

28
18

10

9
19

11
35

$3.1 0
2. 83
3. 59
3. 40
3.07
2 . 61

2
2
10
6

2.77
2. 64
2. 85
2. 62
3. 45
2. 58
2.51
2.73
3.12

7

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3
3

.

3

6
6
10
10
2
0
2
0

-

3
3

8
8

2
2

3
-

-

_

4
4
_
-

3
_

-

-

_

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
13

2
2

3
3

1
1
10
10

1
1

2
2

.

25

2. 59

19

-

-

-

6
6
-

1

4
4
-

2
.

2

4

7
7

16

13

2
1
1

11

13
3
3
_

3

3

3
3
-

10

7

3

12
1
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

1

10

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

1

1
1

.
_

1
1

1

.

_

_

_

_

2

1

3

1

1

4

2

_

2

2

-

_

.

.

_

_

-

4

9
.

1
1

4
_

_

2

2

-

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

.
_

.
.

74
_

3

1

-

1

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

2

10

_

_

-

-

-

-

92
69
23

2. 83
2.89
2.83
3. 59
3. 66
3. 62
3 . 76
3.00
2 . 81
3. 56

_

_

-

5
5
-

9
9

-

3
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
3

16

3. 03

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.37

4

-

-

-

-

2

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

11

2.90
2. 70
2.72
2 . 61
3.04

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
15

2. 84
2.72

-

-

2
3
3

2
2
2
2
10
. 10

2

2

-

5

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

8
8

-

-

-

-

_
-

.
.
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

.
-

_
_
_
-

2

2

2

2
_

21
12
10

1

3

2
2

1

_

23

2

1

.
14

3. 50

10
12
10

-

1

3
3
15
15
-

3. 30

21

2
62
1
1

9

3 . 76

29
117
85
32
32

3

2
1

3

4

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

2

14
14

-

2

-

-

3

-

-

"■

-

3
3

11
11
8
8
12

-

-

2

-

-

3

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

6

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

6
6
16
12

2
2

3
3

14
14

3
3

-

4

~

2
2

3
3

-

21

-

2
18
18

S e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C u ttin g a n d c r e a s in g :
S t r i p p e r s , h a n d (a ll
t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------------------------F in is h in g :
S t it c h e r o p e r a t o r s ----------------------T i m e ------------- -------- - ........... —
T a p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s --------T im e ______ _________________
I n c e n tiv e -----------------------------M is c e ll a n e o u s :
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s -----------------------T im e _______________________

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

8
18

12
43
32

-

-

-

5
5

1
1

1

.

1

1

1

1

-

-

4

1

1

-

-

4

1

5
5

-

4
-

3
3
-

1
-

“

"

1
"

"

"

"

*

"

T h e St. L o u i s S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of St. L o u i s C i t y , F r a n k l i n , J e f f e r s o n , St . C h a r l e s , and St. L o u i s C o u n t i e s , M o . ; and M a d i s o n and St . C l a i r C o u n t i e s , 111.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s . A p p r o x i m a t e l y 6 p e r c e n t of t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y t he s t u d y w e r e p a i d on a t i m e b a s i s .
8
I n c l u d e s 4 w o r k e r s at $ 1 . 7 0 t o $ 1. 80.
I n c l u d e s d at a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in add it io n t o t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a ta t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e d at a b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , o r ( b ) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 1 at $ 5 . 1 0 t o $ 5.20, and 1 at $ 5.40 t o $ 5.50.
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 2 at $ 4. 80 t o $ 4. 90, and 2 at $ 5.10 to $ 5.20.




Table 50. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings— San Francisco—Oakland, Calif.1
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,
N um -"
Sex,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s _______________
M e n _______________________________
W o m e n ___________________________

Aver -

of
work-

hourly
earni ng s

M a r c h 1970)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

$2. 80
u nd er
$ 2. 90

$2. 90

936
881
55

$ 3. 56
3.58
3.23

4
4

3
3

17

4 . 10
4. 01

-

-

4. 22
4. 07
3. 61
3 . 47

-

11

3.25
3 . 18
3.70
3 . 57

23
18

4.02
3.98

45
35
36
27

$3.10

$ 3. 20

$3.00

$ 3 .6 6 “

-

-

$3.10

$ 3. 20

$3. 30

14

$ 3. 30

6
8

$ 3 .5 0

54
14

156
142
14

67
65

17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
35
-

-

1

-

-

-

2
2

6
6

-

-

-

-

4.00
3.86
4.14
4. 02

-

-

-

35
29
34
29

3.43
3.36
3.42
3.36

-

-

-

26
23

3.84
3.80

10

12
2

229

212

$ 3. 50

$ 3. 60

$3.70

$3. 80

$ 3. 90

$4. 00

$4.10

$4. 20

$ 4. 3 0

$ 4. 40

$ 4. 50

$4. 60

$ 4. 7 0

$3. 40

$ 3 .4 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

$3. 60

$3.70

$ 3. 80

$3. 90

$4. 00

$4.10

$4. 20

$ 4. 30

$ 4. 40

$ 4. 50

$4. 60

$4. 70

$4. 80

over

44
44
-

3
3
-

77
77

34
34

24
24

19
19

18
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

1
1

_

_

-

_
-

-

1
1

.
-

.

10
10

1

2

-

-

5
-

-

-

2

-

2

$4. 80

15
15

27
27

7
7

6
6

-

-

-

-

9
9
-

10
10

_

_

.

1

2

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

11
11

_
_
.
-

_

_
V _
x _
.

1

_
_
_

2

-

_
_
.
_

_
_
_
_

.
_
_

_
_

_

.
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

_

.

.

_

1

2

_

5
.

2

.
.
_
_

.
_
_
.

106
104

2

6
6
-

S e l e c t e d oc cu pa ti ons— m en
Co rr u g a ti ng :
C o r r u g a t o r - k n i f e o p e r a t o r s --------------T i m e ________________________
C o r r u g a t o r - c om binin g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ________________________
T i m e ________________________
D o u b l e - b a c k e r o p e r a t o r s __________
T i m e ________________________
O ff-b ea r er s (corrugatingc o m b i n i n g - m a c h i n e ) ______________
T i m e ________________________
R o l l s u p p l y m e n __________________
T i m e _________________ ____
Prin tin g:
Flexograp hic printer operators
( pr i n t i n g and f a b r i c a t i n g
o p e r a t i o n s )-----------------------------------------T i m e --------------------------------------------Printer- slotter-m achine
operators 3
_______________________
T i m e ________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r ______________
T i m e ________________________
Printer-slotter-m achine
a s s i s t a n t s 3___________________ _
_
T i m e ________________________
T w o - c o l o r p r i n t e r -------------------------T i m e --------------------------------------------C u t t i n g and c r e a s i n g :
C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
o p e r a t o r s ________________________
T i m e ________________________
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y (al l
t i m e w o r k e r s )_________________
P l a t e n _________________________
T i m e --------------------------------------------C u t t i n g - and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s
f e e d e r s _________ ________________
T i m e --------------------------------------------S t r i p p e r s , hand____________________
T i m e --------------------------------------------S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------T i m e --------------------------------------------Slo tte r o p e r a t o r s 4
_________________
Fin ish in g:
F o l d i n g - and g l u i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s , a u t o m a t i c ____________
T i m e ________________________
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------T i m e _______________________
T a p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _________
T i m e ______ ___ ______________

S ee fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




11
15

11
15

11
49
41
13

16
13

11
8
9
7
28
26
16

2
0
15
15

11
15

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3. 78
3.88
3.81

-

-

3.20
3. 19
3. 41
3. 14
3.39
3.40
3.28

-

-

-

2

3. 72
3.69
3.43
3.40
3.40
3.35

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

1
1

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
27
27
27

4
4
4
4

-

1
-

5
5

-

-

-

-

25
25
25
25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

-

-

-

4
4

4
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
5
5
-

7
4

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

1

_

1

1

-

-

1

1

-

_

_

.

5
_

_
_

_
_

_
.
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
.

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

_

_

.

_
_

.

9
9

_
-

3
-

_
-

-

_
_

.
_

_
.
_

.
_
.

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
2

-

_
_
-

.
.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

_

-

16

8
8

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

16

1

_
.
_

-

5
5

-

-

16

1

2

1

-

-

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

8
6
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

2
2

-

-

2
2

1

1

■
-

10
10

1

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table 50. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Occupational earnings---- San Francisco—Oakland, Calif.1— Continued
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

Se x,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n

Num­
ber
of
work­
ers

Average
~$ 2. 80
hou rly
and
ea rn ings 1
2 $ 2. 90
3 u nd er

M a r c h 197 0)
N u m b e r < w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
of

$2. 90

$3.00

$3.10

$ 3. 20

$3. 30

$3. 40

$ 3. 50

$ 3. 60

$ 3 .7 0

$3. 80

$3. 90

$4. 00

$4.10

$ 4. 20

$ 4. 3 0

$4. 40

$ 4. 50

$4. 60 $ 4. 70

$4. 80

$3.00

$3.10

$3.20

$ 3. 30

$3. 40

$ 3. 50

$ 3. 60

$3.70

$ 3.80

$3. 90

$4. 00

$4.10

$4. 20

$ 4. 30

$ 4. 40

$ 4. 50

$4. 60

$ 4. 7 0 $4. 80

over

.
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

1

2

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

1

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

1
1

_
_

2
2

_
_
_
_
5
5

_
_
_
_

39
39

_
.
_
_
-

_

_
4
-

_
.
_
_
_

-

-

and

S e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n ---Continued
M iscellaneous:
B a l e r s ______ ____ ___ ___________
Tim e —
_
_
_____________
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s __ ____ ____ _
_
_
T i m e . _ ____ ____ _ _ ____
D i e m a k e r s 4________ __________
_
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(al l t i m e w o r k e r s ) _______________
M a in te n a n ce m e n, g e n e r a l
_
u t i l i t y _ _________ _________ ____
T i m e _ ____ ________________
S t a r c h m a k e r s ---------- _ _ -----------------_
T i m e -------------------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s (all t i m e w o r k e r s ) ^ ___
S e m i - or t r a i l e r _______ _____ _
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , f o r k l i f t ____
___
T i m e — _______ _____ ________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r , o t h e r than
f o r k l i f t (al l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------- ---------

2
0
16
77
65
7

$ 3 .3 0
3. 23
3.13
3.13
4. 19

.
.

.

12
12

13

3.14

.

.

30
24

4.47
4.41
3. 63
3. 56
4.18
3. 70
3. 65

-

13

3. 73

-

11
10

3. 29
3. 28
3.15
3.14

8

7
31
27
70
65

4.28

1

.

4
4
52
40
_

13
13
-

5
5
_
_
_

.

10

3

_

-

.
-

1
1

-

-

1
1

1
1
_
-

2
2

-

2
2

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

1

-

_

-

-

4

6
6
6

_

4
4

-

-

-

-

_
-

9
7

1

_
.

_
_

_

.
_

_
_

2

1

_

_

_

.

_

1

_

2

.
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

2
0
2
0

5
4

2
2
1
1
6
6

5
5

-

2

-

2

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

19
19

1
1

3
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_
-

6
6

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
-

_
_

2

1

1

_

_

_

_
.
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

.

_

_

_

_

S e l e c t e d oc cupa tion s— w om e n
F i n is h i n g :
S t i t c h e r o p e r a t o r s --------------- -- --------T i m e . ______________________
T apin g-m achin e operators
----T i m e _____
_____ ___ _______

1
2
3

4

16
15

4

2
2

5

T h e San F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of A l a m e d a , C o n t r a C o s t a , M a r i n , San F r a n c i s c o , and San M a t e o C o u n t i e s .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s . A p p r o x i m a t e l y 86 p e r c e n t of t h e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y t he
I n c l u d e s d at a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in add it io n to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a ta t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e d at a b y m e t h o d of w a ge p a y m e n t , p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s .




_

st u dy w e r e

p a i d on a t i m e b a s i s .

Table 51. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Method o f wage payment
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ,

A l l w o r k e r s ___ __

____

.

-------------

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s ---_
------- ------F o r m a l p l a n s ---- . . ------- -----------Single r a t e _
_
_
____ _ ____
R a n g e of r a t e s ____
_ ...
_
- ______
I n d i v i d u a l r a t e s _ _____
_ _
_
_
I n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s __
_
__
_____ ____
I n d i v i d u a l p i e c e w o r k - - _______
_ ____
G r o u p p i e c e w o r k _____
___ . _ _. . . ..
I n d i v i d u a l b on us ---_ _____ _ _ . -------G r o u p b o n u s ------ _ ____
_ ____
_
_

1
2
3

M a r c h 1970)

United
States 2
3

1

M e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t

U ni t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,
New
Englan d

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

70

80
53
49
4
26

69

62
62
53
9

3

-

5

2
0

31

38
23
3
3

23
4

6
6
57
9
4
31
4
3
7
17

Middle
Atla nti c

6
6

60

6

-

-

3
5

1
5
25

11

Border
States

S o ut hw e st

Great
Lakes

Middle
West

P a c if ic

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

77
72
60

64
63
53

60
58
51
7

6
6
6
6

92

41
25

87

-

4

Southeast

12

1
6

10

13

10
1

36
15
16

1

40

34

3

5

2

2

12

8
8
1

8
_
_

24

6
2
0

Southwest

G re a t
Lakes

M i d dl e
West

100

100

100

100

2
79
8
2

2
78
9
3
_
7

100
_
_
_
_

10
0

100

(5 )
5

8

F o r d ef i n i t i o n of m e t h o d of w a g e p a ym e n t , s e e a p p e n d i x A.
I n c l u d e s dat a f o r the Mo unt a in r eg i on in a d d i t io n to t h os e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r ou nd ing ,

s u m s of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y not e q u a l 100.

T able 52. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Scheduled w eek ly hours
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r s by s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s , 1 U ni t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,
United
States 2

Weekly hours 1

New
England

Mi ddle
A tla n ti c

M a r c h 1970)

Border
States

Southeast

P a c if i c

Pr od u cti on w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s ----

______

100

U n d e r 40 h o u r s ---------------- ------ ----------------- ---40 h o u r s ----------- -------------------------------O v e r 40 and u n d e r 45 h o u r s -----------45 h o u r s ___ ____________
________
______
46 h o u r s ----------------------------- _ .
48 h o u r s _ _____
_
_______________ _________
O v e r 48 h o u r s _________
_____ _______
___

- _

__

.

1
84
6
3
2
2
2

100

66
-

8
6
9
11

100
1
92
3
1
1
2
-

100

57
29
_
11
_
3

100

95
-

5
_
_

96
2
1
_
"

3
2
4
1
L

Officeworker s
A l l w o r k e r s _____

_____

______________

U n d e r 2 > ll/z h o u r s _____
__________________
37V2 h o u r s ___ ______ ____ _ __ ______ _
O v e r 37V2 and u nd e r 40 h o u r s ______
_ ____
_
40 h o u r s ----------- _ --------------------- . . ----------- --45 h o u r s ___ . . . ___ ___________
_
_
_______




1
2
3

100

100

100

2
11
3
83

1
27
3
67
2

7
23
2
68

(M

100

B e c a u s e of r o u n d i n g , s u m s of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y n o t e q u a l 1 0 0 .

100

-

10

-

95

100

90

5

D a t a r e l a t e to t he p r e d o m i n a n t w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r f u l l - t i m e d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s in e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
I n c l u d e s d at a f o r t he Mou nt ai n r eg ion in a dd i ti on t o t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t ha n 0.5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

100

-

100
2
12
5
81

2
3
95

_

2
98

Table 53. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Shift differential provisions
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y shi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l p r o v i s i o n s , 1 U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

S hi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l

Uni t ed
States 1
2
3

New
Englan d

Middle
Atla nti c

95.5
93.1
89.1
8.7
8.4
1 7. 5
20.9

77.4
7 7 .4
77.4
_

94.4

10
.0

10
.2

M a r c h 1970)

Border
States

Southeast

Southwest

Great
Lakes

Middle
West

98. 5
95.7
95.1
5.8
10.5
22.3
26.9
-

96.5
96.5
7 7. 8
12.7
2.4

P a c if ic

S e c o n d shi ft
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g
s e c o n d - s h i f t p r o v i s i o n s ___ ______
_
_
_ ---W i t h s hi f t d i f f e r e n t i a l _____ —
U n i f o r m c e n t s p e r h o u r ____
_____
5 c e n t s -------------- _ _ ----------- —
6 c e n t s ---- -------------------------------- —
7 cents_
_
_ -------- _
_
__
_
- _____
8 c e n t s ___ _ _ _ ____ _____ ___
8 2 c e n t s ___ _____ __________ __
V
9 c e n t s _________
___ - --- ------- ------_
10 c e n t s ------------------ _ _ -----------------------11 c e n t s _______ ______________
12 c e n t s _____
___ ________ - —
_ . _ ------I 2V2 c e n t s _________
13 c e n t s ---------- ------ ------------------- ---------14 c e n t s ______________________ ____
15 c e n t s ____________________________
1 7 c e n t s ___________ _____________
U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ___________
_____
4 percent_
_
____ . . _ .. 5 p e r c e n t ___
___
_
7 p e r c e n t ---------- _ _ —_ ------------------------10 p e r c e n t ________________ ______
F u l l d a y 's pa y for reduced hours. . _
F o r m a l p a i d l u n c h p e r i o d _________
O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a ] ___ _ —
W i t h no s hi f t d i f f e r e n t i a l — ___ —
___

.2

4.4
19.9
5.5

2
.0
.3
.4
.4
.4

.2

2. 7
.4

1.1
.3
.9

.2

.5
.5
2.4

_
21. 7
5.9
39.8
-

91.8
84.9
15. 3

11. 4
9.0

.8

3 4 .1

1.1

1.3
1.7
4.7
1.5
3.3
2.3

2.6

10 .0
0
10 .0
0
10 .0
0
8
.6
2.4
28.2
58.7
.7
1.3
-

95. 6
88.9
85.3
5.4

12.2

33. 2
18.5
-

2.8
13.1
3.7
-

6.6

95.7
94.7
9 4 .7
24.0
4. 9
24.5

22.0
6.4
4. 0
8.9
-

1.1

6.2

29.3
13.0

6.1

8
.2
6.0

18.7

.6

18.8
18.8
-

2.4
-

1.2
.5
-

.6
-

.6
-

2.8

-

97.9
97. 9
94.9
3. 7
14. 1
62 .1
9.0
3.8
2.3
3.0
-

T h i r d o r o t h e r l a t e shi ft




1
2
3

63.1
63.1
6 3 .1
3.9
15 .2
5.1

2.6

-

1.9
-

.4
3.8
.3

-

.5
.4
.7
.5

.8

17 .7
1 7 .8
-

8
.6
20
.0
2.2

1.6
1.0

72. 0
72. 0
71.0
1.9

5.8

11.1
10
.6

0
0

79.8
79.3
77.6
1.3
1.3
10. 7
1.4
18.0
.3
3.6
14.2
1 3. 1
5.5
1. 7
.5

bo

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g t h i r d - or
o t h e r l a t e - s h i f t p r o v i s i o n s ------------------ —
W i t h s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________ _________
U n i f o r m c e n t s p e r h o u r ______ . . . .
U n d e r 8 c e n t s ____
_________
____
8 and u n d e r 10 c e n t s --- ------ ---- —
10 c e n t s ___________________ ______
11 c e n t s ______ _________ ___ ___
12 c e n t s . _______ _____ - — - __ —
I 2V2 c e n t s ------------------ ----------------------------13 c e n t s ____________________________
14 c e n t s --------------- ---------------_ -----------15 c e n t s ____________________________
16 c e n t s ___________________
—.
1 7 c e n t s --------------- --------------------------------18 c e n t s ____________________________
2 c e n t s __________________________ 0
21 c e n t s ______________________ ____
22 c e n t s _________________________ —
25 c e n t s _______ — ------------ ---------------U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _________
________
5 p e r c e n t _______________
. . .
10 p e r c e n t _____
________ ____
O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------W i t h no s hi f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ______
___ ____

1.0
-

1.0
-

94.9
94.9
94.9
11.9
2 9. 1
2.4
31.9

2.2

1 7 .5
-

R e f e r s t o p o l i c i e s of p la n t s e i t h e r o p e r a t i n g l a t e s hi f t s or h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r t h e Mou nt a in r e g i o n in a dd it io n to t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
P r o v i s i o n s i n c l u d e 5 p e r c e n t p l us 3 c e nt s p e r hour a b o v e d a y - s h i f t r a t e s , and c o m b i n a t i o n p l a n s

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of ro u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

81. 0
81. 0
81. 0
1.9
13. 4
4.1
24.8
4. 7
13. 6
1 5. 8
-

2.8
-

85.8
85.8
85.8
25. 4
41.8
14.5
4.0
-

83.6
8 2. 1
8 1 .5
1.7

70.8
70.8
49 . 2
T
9. 4
9.2
-

2.8
6.1
2.8

15. 0
7.9

2.6

21.6
11.2
8
.6
.6

22.5
5.4
9. 1
9. 1
312. 5

-

1.2
1.2
-

.8
.6
-

.6
!.5

p r o v i d i n g fu ll d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s

p l us

cents-per-hour

87.8
87.8
87.8
-

10
.1
4.1
14.2

6
.6

3.2
49.6
-

differential.

Table 54. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Shift differential practices
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s on l a t e shifts b y a m o u n t of shi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
United
States 1

Sh if t d i f f e r e n t i a l

New
England

31. 4
30.4
29. 4

2 4. 1
2 4 .1
24.1
_

3. 2

U ni t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

4. 0
-

Mi ddle
Atla nti c

Border
States

M a r c h 1970)

Southeast

Southwest

Great
Lakes

M i d dl e
West

P a c if ic

S e c o nd shi ft
W o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on s e c o n d shi ft--------------R e c e i v i n g s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________
U n i f o r m c e n t s p e r h o u r -------- ----------------5 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------8 or 8V2 c e n t s _____________ __ ___
9 c e n t s ------------------------------------- -----------10 c e n t s _____________________ ____
11 c e n t s ___________________________
12 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------O v e r 12 c e n t s -------------- -----------------------U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e -----------------------------------4 p e r c e n t __________________________
5 p e r c e n t __________________ ______
7 p e r c e n t __________________________
10 p e r c e n t ------------- -------------------------- -F u l l d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ------------F o r m a l p a i d l un c h p e r i o d --------------------------O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________
R e c e i v i n g no shi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________

2.6

6.1
6.8
1.4

6.2
1.9

.8
.5

.6
.1
.3

.1
.1
(2 )

.1
.2
1.0

6.0
.6
1 3. 4
_
-

"

32.3
31. 1
29.3
4. 9
5.1
4. 3
3.3
-

10
.6
.4
.7

1.1
.5

.6
.7

1.2

30.8
30.8
30.8
3.9

32.0
29.6
28.8

9.4
15 .9

11.8

1.2
(2 )
.3
"

2.1

4. 0

5. 5
1.3
4. 2
.7
2.4

28.7
28.3
28. 3
4. 9

1.8

8.5
6. 3

33. 4
32.1
32.1
1.9
3. 2
7 .5
9. 9

27. 0
27.0

22.2
2.5
.9
2.3

8
.2

30.9
30.9
30.2
1.3
2. 7

2.1
6.1
.1

3.8
1. 7

.9
.4
1. 3

4. 8
4. 8
-

3.4

-

-

7.6
7.6
7.6
1.4
5.7

7.4
7.4
7. 4
.3

-

.9
2. 4

4.1
4.1
3.8
.4
3.4

6.4
6.4
6.4
-

(2 )
.3

.5
5.9
-

2.0
1.2

3.6
.4

2
.6

20
.6
2.2
-

.6

-

T h i r d or o t he r l a t e shi ft
W o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on t h i r d or o t he r
l a t e s hi f t ----------------------------------- ------------------R e c e i v i n g s hi f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------------------U n i f o r m c e n t s p e r h o u r ----------------------------U n d e r 10 c e n t s ---------------------------------------10 c e n t s -------------------------------------------- ----11 c e n t s ----------------------------------- -----------12 c e n t s ___________________________
13 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------14 c e n t s ____________________________
15 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------O v e r 15 c e n t s ----------------------------------------O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l -------------------R e c e i v i n g no shi f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------




1
2

6.7
6.7
6.7

.2
.6
.2

1.7
.4

1.8
.6
1.2
(2 )
(2 )

5 .4
5 .4
5 .4
1. 5

5.3
5.3
5.3
.3
1.3
-

1.8

5.6
5.6
5.6
.7

-

-

-

-

.8
1.0

3. 5

-

4. 7
.3
-

-

-

-

.3

I n c l u d e s d at a f or t he Mou nt a in r eg i on i n a d d i ti on t o t h o s e s ho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t ha n 0.05 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r ou nd ing ,

s u m s of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s .

10
.0
10
.0
10
.0
.3
.9

.6

3. 5
.7
2.9

1.1
-

-

•5

.2
.5

1.0
.6
1.6
-

.1

-

Table 55. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Paid holidays
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a i d h o l i d a y s ,
Uni ted
St at es 1

N u m b e r of p a i d h o l i d a y s

New
England

Mid dle
A tla n ti c

U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 197 0)

Border
States

Southeast

Southwest

Great
Lakes

Middle
W est

P a c if ic

Pr od uction w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s ___
_
_
_ _ _
_ _ _
__________
5 d a y s _____________ _
_____ __ _
_
6 d a y s ____
__
_ _ ________
_
_
_
_
_
6 d a y s p l u s 2 or 3 h a l f d a y s ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
7 d a y s ----------------_ _
_ _ ----------- ----------7 d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ____ _ -----_
_ _ _
7 d a y s p l us 2 h a l f d a y s _ _ ----------- -------------_
8 d a y s __ ____ _________ _ __ ______
8 d a y s p l u s 1 or 2 h a l f d a y s __ 1__ _ _ _ _ _
_______
______
9 d a y s _____ _____
9 d a y s p l u s 1 or 2 h a l f d a y s __ ___________
10 d a y s ___ ____________ _____
_ _ _ _ _
10 d a y s p l us 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s ___
__
11 d a y s ---- -- _ _ _ _ _ __________
11 d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s __ ____ _ _
12 d a y s . . ---- ___------------------------- __ _____
12 d a y s p l us 2 h a l f d a y s __ _______ __ __
13 d a y s . . _ _ _ _ _
_ _
_ ____ _____

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0
1

10
0
6

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0
2
2

10
0

10
0

10
0

3
3
3

1

4
40
3
30

2

3

1

3
(2 )

2

(2 )

1

-

2
18
5
34
19
13
4
"

-

-

(2 )
3

-

1

1
2

15
5
32
4

1

11
-

1

59
29
-

3

7
3
3
4
70
14
_
-

~

6

3
13

1

9

-

6
81
-

8
'

-

-

2

12

7

-

1
1
8

35
5
41
-

2

-

11
-

21
32
9
15
-

“

3
-

2

50
41
4
~

O ffic e w o rk e r s
A ll workers

_ _ ____
_ _

__
_

------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
paid holi d ay s
_
__ _
_ _
_ _
_
. _
_
5 d a y s __________
___
_____
_
_ -----6 d a y s _______ _____ ___________ __
6 d a y s p l u s 1, 2, o r 3 h a l f d a y s ------ .
7 d a y s ------------------------------- ------- _ ----------7 d ay s plus 1 half day _ _ _ _ _
__
.
7 d a y s p l us 2 h a l f d a y s _ _ _ _____ _ _ _
_
_
7 d a y s p l us 3 h a l f d a y s
------------ ----------8 d a y s ------ ---------------------- — ____ _ ---8 d a y s p l u s 1, 2, 3, or 5 h a l f d a y s -------------9 d ay s
-------------------------------------------- ---- .
9 d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s -------_
_ -----10 d a y s ---------- _ _______ . -----------10 d a y s p l u s 1 or 2 h a l f d a y s --------------11 d a y s ________ _______ ____ ___ — --------11 d a y s p l us 1 h a l f d a y _ ___________ _
12 d a y s ___ _
_ _ ___ ______
___-----12 d a y s p l us 2 h a l f d a y s _ __ _ ___ __. ._




1
2

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0
1

10
0
2

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

3
3
4

1
8

(2 )
41
4
27

2
1
1
2

(2 )

1

-

1

Bei

(2 )

1

5
17
4
34

28
15
24

5

4
3

-

4

12
2
10
6

(2 )

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r t h e Mou nt ai n r e g i o n in addi tion t o t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t ha n 0.5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

-

;e of r o u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t e q u a l 100.

3

2
5

2

2

6
1

-

2
-

11
56
-

32
-

7

6
2
5
62
19
-

4

2

5
84

2
3
-

4
7
4

1

15
32

1

35

2

-

-

6
10

7
3
63
28

-

-

8
-

10
31
35

Table 56. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Paid vacations
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r pa i d v a c a t i o n s ,
U ni t e d
States 1

Vaca tio n po licy

New
England

Middle
Atla nti c

U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

Border
States

Southeast

Southwest

M a r c h 1970)
Great
Lakes

Middle
West

P a c if ic

Prod uctio n w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s ____________

___

.

_ _ _
_

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

60
40

10
0
6
6

10
0

65
35

54
46

67
30

78

51
49

81
19

95
5

-

-

-

6

3
97
_
.
_

M e t h o d of p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
pa i d v a c a t i o n s . ---- — - _ _
- ---.
__ __
_
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e pa ym ent- _
P e r c e n t a g e pa yment
- _ -------------- - _
_
Other — _
_
_____
- _
_
_
A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y




-

1

-

2

2
2

2

A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e :
Und er 1 w ee k .
- —
...
1 w e e k ----------_ _
_______
_
_
------------O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s -------2 w e e k s ____ _ . _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _____
3 weeks .
........... ............
. ------ _
_
A f t e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ---------- ----------------------------- ---- ------- ----O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s _
_
_ _ — -------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 w e e k s ______
_ ----------- ---------------A f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u nd e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------- Over 3 weeks---------------------------------A f t e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------ _
2 w e e k s ________________________ ______
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s _____________ _
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------- --------------O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s _______________
4 w e e k s _________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
A f t e r 20 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------- ----- _
2 w e e k s ___------- ------ -----------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _______ — ____
3 w e e k s _____
----------------------- ------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------- ----------O v e r 4 w e e k s ______________________ ___
A f t e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------- ----- 2 w e e k s __________________________ ____
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s — _ _ _ - _____
_
3 w e e k s _ ------- . -------- -------------------------------_
4 w e e k s ____________________ _ _________
_
5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 w e e k s -------------------------------- ---------------A f t e r 30 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k --------------------------------- --------------------------2 w e e k s ______ ____________ - ________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s __________ _
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________
5 w e e k s ---------------------------- ------------------- -------O v e r 5 and u nd er 6 w e e k s ______________
6 w e e k s ________ ___________ ___________

S e e f o o tn o te s a t end of t a b le .

1

32

2
93

2
3

(3 )

95
5
-

9
3
85

13
5
82
-

3
9

11

2

84
3

13
76
-

1

11

9

13
_
35
41
-

1

(3 )
40

1

45
3

1

11

9

13
-

(3 )

2
2
61

6

1
8
1
2
0
29
38

2

1
8
1
2
0
27
30

1
12

10
6
6
-

11
13
7
34
36
-

11
13
_
7
34
31
5

91

2
6
1
8

4
81
7
5
87

8

4
_
43
45

8

4
17

6
8
11

91
9
-

1
_
89
9

1
9
_
81
9

1
9
_
32
9
48
-

1
9
27
54
9

1

98

91
-

_

9
-

3
_

1

13
3
82

9
3

-

8
6
2

99
_

4

-

2
2

8

71
4

_
92
_

4

-

37
-

42

29
4

6
0

46

4

-

2
0

2

36
34

-

6

21
70
7

2
_

2
0

36
17
7

21
2
2

15

26

17

1
8

43
_

_

2
8

2

_

2
0

25
27
_

85

_

9
-

9
36
41

6
2

2

4
-

1

2

5

-

37
32
_

2
0

2

2
0

4
9
36
47
3

9
-

5
90

2

4

-

2
0

2

36
17
17
7

-

4

2

21
28
49
-

28

_

2
2
-

9
24
63
4
5
4
24
29
35
3
5
3
25
26
24

2

15

94
_
_
_
9

6

5
_

85
_

95
_

_
15

6

3
3
.

79
_

94
_

_

_

12
6

6

56
_
26
.

_

11
_
83
_

-

_

12
6
2
1

6
10

61
-

85
_

_

-

-

12
6

6

17
33
32
_

_

10
17
67
_

_

_

12
6

6

17
33
30
_
3

_

10
17
67

_

Table 56. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Paid .vacations-— Continued
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r pa i d v a c a t i o n s ,
Uni ted
St at es 1

V a c a tio n po lic y

New
England

Middle
A tla n ti c

U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

Border
States

Southeast

Southwest

M a r c h 197 0)
Great
Lakes

Mid dle
West

Pacific

'

O ffice w or k er s
A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------

---------------

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

99
99

10
0
10
0

99
99

10
0
10
0

10
0
10
0

10
0
10
0

10
0
10
0

10
0

10
0
10
0

M e t h o d of p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t --------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a i d v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y

(3 )

-

(3 )

-

(3 )

-

-

-

-

96
4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

51
4
45
_

21

-

2

After

1 y e a r of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ___________________________________
O v e r 1 a nd u nd e r 2 w e e k s ________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________
A f t e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ___________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________
2 w e e k s __________________ _______________
O v e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------A f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ___________________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________
_______
O v e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------A f t e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e : .
1 w e e k ___________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________
O v e r 3 and u nd e r 4 w e e k s _____________ _
4 w e e k s __________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ___________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________
4 w e e k s --------------- ----------------------- ------- -------------5 w e e k s __________________________________
6 w e e k s __________________________________
A f t e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ___________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________
5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------A f t e r 30 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ___________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nd e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________
5 w e e k s _________________________ _______
6 w e e k s __________________________________

34
(3 )
64

1

2
1
95

2

1
10
1
87

2
1
8

(3 )
40
(3 )
50

2

1
8
(3 )

21
65
5

1

1
8
(3 )
19
31
39

2

1
8
(3 )
19
31

2
1
2
0

39
_

40
_

33
_

39
_

34
_

29

61
_

55
4

67
-

61
-

6
6

71
_

5
3
92
5
18
77
5
18
-

2

2

-

-

91

98
-

6
-

11
83
5
-

2
3
95
-

2
3
-

7

2

_

1
-

91
-

99
-

3

16
84
-

21
73

2

3

-

2
1
97
-

4
96
-

-

-

4

2
0

95
-

4
75
_

1

3
-

1

53
_

47
_

53
_

35
_

43

54
_

40
5
18
-

-

2

-

-

-

9
-

3

2
0

11

3

-

-

-

-

22

30
39

11

2
2

69

10

72
3

-

-

9
4
17'
70
_
_

3

-

3
-

37
58
-

56

10

24
71

-

3

-

5
18
14
29
35
-

-

2

14
64

5
18
14
29
24

10

9
17
31
39
3

3
19
29
47
-

-

2

9
_

3
-

17
30
18
25

19
29
18
29

35
39

2

3

6
2

2
0

11

30
17
26
4

11

21

39
40
-

30
45

3

-

3
-

-

2
0

11

30
17

-

8
2
2

_
5
_
95
_
_
5
_
41
_

11

-

9
37
47
5

38
-

1
-

99
-

9
4
39
_

2
0

-

_
79
_

2

11

21

39
37
3

29

2
2
25

5
_
13
81
_
_

_

_

9
4
17
31
39
_

5
-

_
9
4
17
31
27

11

9
50
35
5
_
9
50
35

1 I n c l u d e s d at a f o r t h e M ou nt ai n r e g i o n in add it io n to t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
2 V a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s s u c h as p e r c e n t of a nnu al e a r n i n g s w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u i v a l e n t t i m e b a s i s .
P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y
r e f l e c t t he i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s m a y i n c l u d e c h a n g e s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 3 and 10 y e a r s .
3 L e s s t h an 0.5 p e r c e n t .




NOTE:

B e c a u s e of ro u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l 100.

Table 57. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Health, insurance, and retirement plans
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h s p e c i f i e d h e a l t h ,

T y p e of pl an

1

U ni t ed
States 2

in su rance ,

New
England

and r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s ,

Mi ddle
A tla n ti c

Border
States

U ni t ed S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

Southeast

Southwest

M a r c h 1970)

Great
Lakes

Middle
West

P a c if i c

Prod uctio n w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s _____________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e _____________ _______
N on c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s . __________
A c c i d e n t a l d ea t h and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ________________
_
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r v p l a n s ___ ______
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e or
s i c k l e a v e or b o t h 3
_________________
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e _
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ____
S i c k l e a v e (full p a y, no w a i t i n g pe ri od )
S i c k l e a v e ( pa r t i a l p a y or w a i t i n g period).,
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ______________
_ _
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y pl a ns ...............
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________ _________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _______________ _ _ _ _
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________
______
_
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s ......... .
M a jo r m e d i c a l insur ance
N on c o n t r i b u t o r y pl a ns
R e t i r e m e n t p la n s 4
_____________ ____________
P e n s i o n s __________________________ _
_ __
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s
.............
S e v e r a n c e p a y ______________________________
N o p l a n s _________ ________________________

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

97
77

84
72

97
93

10
0

10
0
66

99
73

98
70

10
0
64

99
97

83
63

58
49

84
80

76
58

91

6
2

76
50

83
55

84
46

96
94

85
81
62

74
74
65
_
_

72
72
71

10
0
10
0

84
84
58

85
85
58

94
93
65

93
93
55

78
'29
24

99
71
99
70
92
64
70
46
81
79

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

64
99
63
99
63
73
44
62
61
53

93
99
93
91
84
55
50
92
91
85

65

10
0

54

10
0

-

-

2
6

6
8
5

1

1

2

5

6

79

85

6
9

_

69
"52
89
81
64
7

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

98

10
0

10
0

10
0

65
91
56
53
40
71
71

54
78
37
71
27

.

6

3
99
59
99
58
96
57
74
41
87
84
71
3

10
0

6
8

2

10
0

6
0
57
42
7

-

99
74
99
74
85

6
0

1

61

10
0
61
98
59
85
51
83
76
56

21

47

95

10
0
95

10
0
9
5
8
8
85
89
89
84

1

O ff ic e w o rk e rs
A l l w o r k e r s ___ _______

. . . .

W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p ro v i d i n g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e ____
_ __
. . .
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y pl a ns .
_ . . . _ _____
A c c i d e n t a l d ea t h or d i s m e m b e r m e n t
__
insurance._ . . . . .
_
_. . . . .
Non c o n t r i b u t o r y pl a ns ____
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e or
s i c k l e a v e or bot h 3
______. . . .
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e _
__
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______
. . . _
_
S i c k l e a v e (full p a y, no w a i t i n g pe ri od )___________
S i c k l e a v e ( pa r t i a l p a y or w a i t i n g p e ri od )
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ______ _ _
N on c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___________________________
Surgical insurance_
_
_
_ ______
__ ____
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____________
_. . . .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ____ _ ____ . . .
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a ns ___________
. . .
_
_
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _______________ _ ____
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______
____________
R e t i r e m e n t p la n s 4
____
______ . . _____________
P e n s i o n s _______________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________________
S e v e r a n c e p a y . . _____________________________ ._
N o p l a n s ___________ __________ ____ ____
____

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

95
71

89
76

87
72

10
0

98
67

10
0

79

84

6
6

82
58

75
52

75
63

71
54

85
58

72
58

81

76
74
58
27
_

76
54
50
34

97
95
78
58
_

75
73
51
32

8
8

99
79
99
79
94
75
82
63
83
82
72
5

10
0

1
10
0

85
69
35

62

59

6
6
45
43

2

99
67
99

6
6
96
63

8
6

58
84
82
65
5

1

10
0
63
99
63
99
63
87
52
78
77

6
6
1

2

1

10
0

10
0

62
89
51
67
46
81
81
70

59
92
49
90
47
85
82
64
5

8

10
0
8
8
10
0
8
8
90
79
91
79
91
81
50
14

73

73

87
55

79
48

90
74

83
70
40
51

82
50
27
43

84
50
18
60

99
60
99
56
98
56

98
61
98
61
98
61
90
61
85
70
48

2

8
6
53

8
6

84
65

1
1

2
2

2
10
0
76

10
0
76

10
0
76
98
76
85
85
69

1

I n c l u d e s onl y t h o s e pl a ns f o r whi ch the e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t p a r t o f t he c o s t and e x c l u d e s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d pl a ns
s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n and s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ;
h o w e v e r , p l a n s r e q u i r e d b y S t a te t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s a r e i n c l u d e d i f t he e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h an i s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d or t he e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e b e ne f i t s
e x c e e d i n g l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s " i n c l u d e onl y t h o s e p l a n s f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y t h e e m p l o y e r .
2 I n c l u d e s d at a f or t h e M ou nt a in r eg i on in a d d it io n t o t h o s e s ho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
3 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e or s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l of w o r k e r s in pl ant s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s f o r p e n s i o n s or r e t i r e m e n t s e v e r a n c e p a y sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .




Table 58. Corrugated and solid fiber boxes: Other selected benefits
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r f u n e r a l l e a v e p a y and j u r y duty p a y ,
U ni t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

T y p e of b e n e f i t 1

U ni t e d
States 2

N ew
Englan d

Mid dle
Atlantic

Border
States

Southeast

Southwest

Great
Lakes

Middle
W est

Pacific

Prod u cti on w o r k e r s

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m en t s with
p r o v i s i o n s f or:
F u n e r a l l e a v e p a y -------- --------------------------J u r y d ut y p a y ---------------------- ---------------------------

8
8
80

82
64

91
76

77
61

80
76

92
89

91
85

94
87

96

91

91

87
84

87
82

8
8

O ff ic e w o rk e r s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h
p r o v i s i o n s f o r:
F u n e r a l l e a v e p a y ________________________
J u r y d ut y p a y ____________________________




1
2

87
81

8
8
75

F o r d e f i n i t i o n of b e n e f i t s , s e e a pp en d ix A .
I n c l u d e s d at a f o r t h e Mo un t ai n r e g i o n in add it io n to t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .

89
82

79
64

77
76

8
8

8
6

Part IV. Sanitary Food Containers
r e s p e c tiv e ly ) w e r e a p p ro x im a tely 28 p e r ­
cent h igh er than th ose fo r w om en. In the
Southeast, the d iffe r e n c e was 15 p ercen t
($ 2.70 com p ared w ith $ 2.34).
E arn in gs o f nin e-tenth s o f the w o rk e rs
ranged fr o m $ 2 to $ 4 an hour.
(See
tab le 60.) In the m id d le h a lf of the a r ra y ,
earn in gs ranged fro m $2.37 to $3.14.
F o r m en, the m id d le range was $ 2.64 to
$3.31; fo r w om en, $2.14 to $ 2.58. None
of the w om en earned as much as $ 3.80 an
hour. E arn in gs d istrib u tion s also v a r ie d
by reg io n .
Th e p ro p o rtio n s of w o rk e rs
earning le s s than $ 2.50 an hour w e r e 46
p ercen t in the Southeast, 33 p ercen t in the
M id dle A tla n tic , 24 p ercen t in the G rea t
L a k es, and 11 p ercen t in the P a c ific .
Only in the P a c ific regio n did a m a jo r ity
earn m o re than $ 3 an hour.

Average hourly earnings
E arnings o f production a n d rela te d
w o r k e r s in estab lish m en ts p r im a r ily
m anufacturing san itary food con tainers
a v e ra g e d $2.78 an hour in M arch 1970.
(See table 59.) N e a r ly on e-fo u rth o f these
19,437 w o rk e rs w e r e em p loyed in the
G rea t L ak es reg io n at an a v e ra g e w age of
$2.95 an hour; s lig h tly m o r e than onefifth w e re in the M id dle A tla n tic at $ 2.74
an hour; on e-eigh th in the Southeast at
$ 2.60; and one-tenth in the P a c ific reg io n
at $ 3.34.
A v e r a g e h ou rly earn in gs in M arch 1970
w e r e 25 p ercen t h igh er than the $ 2.23
re c o rd e d by the Bureau in N o v e m b e r
1964.1
2 W age le v e ls in the four region s
studied s e p a ra te ly advanced 32 p ercen t in
the G rea t L a k e s , 28 p ercen t in the P a ­
c ific , 27 p ercen t in the Southeast, and 22
p e rc e n t in the M id dle A tla n tic betw een the
tw o su rvey s.
N ation w id e, e a r n i n g s o f production
w o rk e rs in M a rch 1970 w e r e h igh er in
n on m etropolitan a rea s than in m e t r o p o li­
tan a rea s ($2.93 and $2.72 an h our);
h igh er in estab lish m en ts em ployin g 100
w o rk e rs or m o r e than in s m a lle r e s ta b ­
lish m en ts ($2.84 and $ 2 .4 9 ); and h igh er
in union than nonunion plants ($ 2.88 and
$ 2.54).
The w age rela tio n sh ip between
the la r g e r and s m a lle r com m u nities was
r e v e r s e d fro m that u su ally found in B LS
w age su rveys.
T h is apparent anom aly
w as found a lso in the G rea t Lak es reg io n
and res u lts, at le a s t in p a rt, fro m la r g e r
establishm en ts accounting fo r a g re a te r
p ro p ortion o f the w o rk e rs in n o n m e tro ­
politan area s than in m etro p o lita n a re a s .
M en, m aking up n e a rly tw o -th ird s o f
the w ork fo r c e , a v e ra g e d 64 cents, o r 27
p ercen t, an hour m o r e than wom en— $3.01
com pared w ith $ 2.37.1 M e n ’ s a v e ra g e s
3
in the M id dle A tla n tic , G rea t L a k e s , and
P a c ific region s ($2.94, $3.17, and $3.59,




Occupational earnings
S ligh tly m o r e than on e -h a lf of the p r o ­
duction w o rk e rs in the indu stry w e r e e m ­
p loyed in the job s fo r which data a re
shown in tab le 61. A v e r a g e s fo r th ese
job s ranged fr o m $4.50 fo r o p e ra to rs of
o ffs e t p rin tin g p r e s s e s with th re e c o lo rs
or m o re to $ 2.40 an hour fo r o p e ra to rs
of paper-cup-m aking m ach in es, a n u m e ri­
c a lly im portan t job staffed la r g e ly by
w om en.
B undlers and p a ck ers, m o s tly
w om en and the la r g e s t group studied sep ­
a ra te ly , a v e ra g e d $ 2.35 an hour. O ccu­
pational groups a v e ra g in g $ 3.50 an hour
o r m o re included d iem a k ers at $3.8 5 ,
op e ra to rs of c y lin d e r p rin tin g p re s s e s
a n d m aintenance e le c tric ia n s , both at
$3.62, and g e n e ra l u tility m aintenance
men at $3.53. P rin tin g p re s s assistan ts
and fe e d e rs a v e ra ge d as much as $ 1 an
hour le s s than p ressm en on the sam e
equipm ent.
12 BLS B u lletin 1478, op. c it.
13 S ee footn ote 7, p. 7 , Pt. I.

101

O ccupational w age le v e ls r e p o rte d in
the P a c ific and G rea t Lak es reg io n s w e r e
usually above the nation al a v e ra g e s , w h ile
th ose in the M id d le A tla n tic and Southeast
w e r e usually b elow .

h olidays a y e a r ap plied to m o r e than
fo u r -fifth s o f the w o rk e rs in both groups,
and w e r e , by fa r , the m ost com m on in
each o f the reg io n s .
P a id v a c a tio n s . P a id vacatio n s, a fte r
qu a lifyin g p e rio d s of s e r v ic e , w e re p r o ­
vid ed u n iv e rs a lly to both production and
o ffic e w o r k e r s .
(See tab le 67.) T y p ic a l
p ro v is io n s fo r production w o rk e rs w e r e
1 w eek o f vacation pay a fte r 1 y e a r o f
s e r v ic e , 2 w eeks a fte r 3 y e a r s , 3 w eeks
a fte r 10 y e a r s , and 4 w eeks a fte r 20
yea rs.
N e a r ly o n e -fifth o f the p ro d u c­
tion w o rk e rs (m o s tly in the G rea t L ak es
r e g io n ) w e r e in estab lish m en ts that had
p ro v is io n s fo r 5 w eeks a fte r 25 y e a r s
o f s e r v ic e .
E xcep t fo r p ro v is io n s o f 2
weeks* vacation pay a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ­
ic e , o ffic e p erso n n el w e r e c o v e re d by
p ro v is io n s g e n e ra lly s im ila r to th ose fo r
production w o rk e rs .

Establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions
M ethod o f w age p aym en t. N in e-ten th s
of the w o rk e rs w e r e paid tim e ra te s , usu­
a lly under fo r m a l ra te stru ctu res p r o ­
vid in g fo r sin gle rates o r ranges o f rates
fo r s p e c ific occupations. (See tab le 62.)
Range o f rate system s w e r e predom inant
fo r tim e w o r k e r s in 3 o f the 4 regio n s
studied s e p a ra tely ; in the P a c ific region ,
sin gle ra te system s w e r e used p r in c i­
p a lly . In cen tive w o rk e rs m ade up n e a rly
o n e -fifth o f the em p loym en t in the South­
east, com p ared w ith s lig h tly le s s than
one-tenth e ls e w h e re .

H ealth , insurance, and r e tire m e n t p la n s .
L if e , h o s p ita liza tio n , and s u rg ic a l in s u r­
ance w e r e a v a ila b le to m o re than n in etenths o f the production and o ffic e w o r k ­
e rs .
(See tab le 68.) M e d ic a l insuran ce
applied to a p p ro x im a tely seven -eigh th s of
the w o rk e rs in both grou p s, and m a jo r
m e d ic a l in su ran ce c o v e re d o n e -h a lf o f the
production w o rk e rs and seven -ten th s of
the o ffic e w o r k e r s . A la r g e m a jo r ity o f
the production and o ffic e w o r k e r s also
w e re c o v e re d by a ccid en tal death and d is ­
m em b erm en t insu ran ce and sickn ess and
acciden t in su ran ce. E m p lo y e rs fin an ced
at le a s t p a rt o f the c o st o f a ll health and
insu ran ce plans studied.
In m ost in ­
stan ces, h o w e v e r, th ey paid the to ta l cost.
P a id sick le a v e was a v a ila b le to s ligh tly
m o r e than on e-h a lf o f the o ffic e w o r k e r s ,
but to le s s than one-tenth of the p ro d u c­
tion w o rk e rs .
R e g io n a lly , the in cid en ce
o f som e of th ese plans, such as m a jo r
m e d ic a l in su ran ce, v a r ie d w id e ly .
P en sio n plans, s p ec ify in g re g u la r p a y ­
m ents on re tire m e n t (in addition to those
under F e d e r a l s o c i a l s e c u rity ), w e r e
p r o v i d e d by estab lish m en ts em p loyin g
slig h tly m o r e than fo u r -fifth s o f the p r o ­
duction w o rk e rs and seven -eigh th s o f the
o ffic e w o r k e r s . P en sio n plans w e r e usu­
a lly paid fo r w h o lly by the e m p lo y e r. R e ­
tire m e n t s e ve ra n c e plans w e r e r a r e ly
found in the indu stry.

Scheduled w e e k ly h o u rs . W e e k ly w o rk
schedules o f 40 hours w e r e in e ffe c t fo r
th re e -fo u rth s o f the production w o rk e rs
and s lig h tly m o r e than fo u r-fifth s o f the
o ffic e w o r k e r s . (See ta b le 63.) A m a jo r
excep tion to the 40-hour schedule fo r p r o ­
duction w o rk e rs w as found in the M id dle
A tla n tic reg io n , w h ere o n e -h a lf of the
w o rk fo r c e was d ivid ed about e v en ly b e ­
tw een 37V2 hours a w eek and 45 hours or
m o r e . Schedules o f 37V2 hours also ap­
p lie d to sign ifica n t p ro p o rtio n s o f the o f­
fic e w o r k e r s in the Southeast (28 percent)
and in the G rea t L ak es reg io n (54 percent).

Shift d iffe r e n tia l p ro v is io n s and p r a c ­
t i c e s . V ir tu a lly a ll estab lish m en ts had
fo r m a l pay p ro v is io n s fo r la te -s h ift w o rk .
(See ta b le 64.) A p p ro x im a te ly th ree-tenth s
o f the production w o rk e rs actu a lly w e r e
em p lo yed on the second sh ift and tw o tenths w e r e on th ird or other la te shifts
at the tim e of the su rvey. N e a r ly a ll o f
th ese w o rk e rs r e c e iv e d e x tra pay above
d a y -s h ift ra tes. Second shift pay d if fe r ­
en tials usually ranged fr o m 7 to 10 cents
an hour; th ird shift d iffe re n tia ls usually
ranged fr o m 10 to 15 cents. (See tab le 65.)
P a id h o lid a y s . A l l o f the e s ta b lis h ­
m ents v is ite d p ro v id e d paid h olid ays to
th e ir production and o ffic e w o r k e r s . (See
ta b le 66.) P r o v is io n s fo r 8 o r 9 paid




Other s e le c te d b e n e fits . P r o v is io n s fo r
pay when attending fu n erals o f c lo s e r e la ­
tiv e s w e r e re p o rte d by establish m en ts
102

e m p l o y i n g m o r e than nin e-tenth s o f
the production and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
(See
tab le 69.) P a id le a v e fo r ju ry-d u ty was
a va ila b le to s lig h tly m o re than fo u r-fifth s
of the production w o rk e rs and to t h r e e -




103

fourths o f the o ffic e w o r k e r s .
The in c i­
dence o f ju ry -d u ty pay p ro v is io n s fo r both
groups o f w o rk e rs w as som ewhat lo w e r
in the M id d le A tla n tic than in the other
region s studied se p a ra tely .

Table 59. Sanitary food containers: Average hourly earnings by selected characteristics
( N u m b e r a nd a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of p ro d u c ti o n w o r k e r s b y s e l e c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ,
U ni t ed S t a t e s 2

Mid dle Atla nti c
N um ber
of
workers

U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,
Southeast
Number
of
workers

Number
of
worker s

Average
hourly
ear nings

----A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ---- -------------M e n ___ _ _ __
_
_ __________ _ _ _ _ _ _
W o m e n _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _____ ______ _

19 ,43 7
12,586
, 851

$2.78
3. 01
2 . 37

4, 325
2, 958
1,367

$2.74
2. 94
2. 30

S i z e of c o m m u n i t y :
M e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s 3 ___
_ _ ______ _
_ _
N o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s . _ _ ______ _______
_

13,485
5 ,9 52

2 . 72
2.93

2, 835

2.75

S i z e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t :
20—99 w o r k e r s ______
____
___
_
_
w o r k e r s o r m o r e __________ _ _ _ _ _

2, 895
16,5 42

2.49
2.84

3,915

L abo r-m a n ag e m en t contracts:
E s t a b l is h m e n t s with—
M a j o r i t y of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d ------------------N o n e o r m i n o r i t y of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d _
_

13 ,9 79
5,4 58

2.88

4, 139

2. 77

-

Item

104

10
0

6

Average
ho urly
earnings

1,688
68 7

Pacific

Average
ho urly
earn in gs

$ 2. 60
2. 70
2. 34

4,666
3,26 8
1,3 98

$2.95
3.17
2.45

2, 204
2,4 62

N um ber
of
workers

2. 73
3.15

2, 016

Average
hourly
earnings

1,3 39
677

$3. 34
3.59
2.82

1,781

3.28

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

2.80

"

"

3,955

3.02

1, 645

3.44

4, 5 61

2. 98

1,437

3.42

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a dd it io n t o t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
T h e t e r m " m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a , " as u s e d in t hi s s t u dy , r e f e r s t o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s as
J a n u a r y 1968.




N um ber
of
workers

-

-

_

-

_

2. 54

1
2
3

NOTE:

Great Lakes

Average
ho urly
earni ng s

"

-

-

2,375

M a r c h 1970)

D ash es in d ica te no data r e p o rte d or data that do not m e e t pu blication c r it e r ia .

d ef i n e d b y t h e U . S .

O ffice

of M a n a g e m e n t

and B u d g e t t hr ou g h

Table 60. Sanitary food containers: Earnings distribution
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , 1 U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,
U n ited State s 2
A v e ra g e hourly earnings 1

$ 1 .6 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1.65
$ 1. 65 a n d u n d e r $ 1.7 0
$ 1 .7 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1.75

----------- - -----__ _ _

M en

— .
- __

0 .7
.1
.3

0.3
.1
.1

1.3
.2
.7

S o u th east

0.6
.6
.7

-

W om en

M iddle
A tlantic

T otal

M a r c h 19 70 )

G reat
Lake s

P acific

0.3

1 .7 5
1 .8 0
1.8 5
1 .9 0
1 .9 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

1 .80
------_ _ -------- ------1 . 8 5 ------_ _ ----- ---1 . 9 0 --------------------- __ ----------1.95 __ --------------------- _ ____
2 . 0 0 ____________________________

1.2
.6
1.1
.7
1.7

.4
.1
.2
.1
.3

2. 6
1.4
2.8
1.7
4.4

1.2
.9
1.2
.8
.2

0.1
4 .5

$
$
$
$
$

105

$
$
$
$
$

2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2 . 1 0 ____________________________
2 . 2 0 _______________ ______
2.3 0____________________________
2 . 4 0 ____________________________
2 . 5 0 ____________________________

2 .4
6 .5
7. 8
2. 9
8.1

1.3
2.5
3 .4
2. 5
5. 3

4.4
14 .0
15 .8
3 .6
13.2

1.3
11 .2
.6
.4
13 .0

9 .9
8 .8
12. 0
4.9
6 .0

.9
9 .4
5.1
2.5
3 .2

0.1
2.6
8.2

$
$
$
$
$

2.50
2.60
2.70
2.80
2.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2 . 6 0 -----------------------------------------2 . 7 0 ------------------------- ------------2 . 8 0 _______________ — -----------2 . 9 0 ____________________________
3 . 0 0 ------------------------- --------------

7. 0
7.2
6 .5
7.6
6.2

5.1
7.6
5 .9
10.3
8.9

10.3
6 .4
7.6
2 .7
1.2

7. 2
7.3
10 .4
8 .4
6.0

8 .4
11.1
5 .9
4 .6
5.5

3 .7
3.1
5 .7
12.9
9 .4

5.8
2.3
4.0
2.7
7.2

$
$
$
$
$

3.00
3.10
3.20
3.30
3.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

3 . 1 0 --------------------------------------- -3 . 2 0 --------------------------------------- -3 . 3 0 ____ .
______________
3 . 4 0 ______________
_
--------3 . 5 0 -----' ----------------------------------

5 .2
3. 8
5.3
4.2
2.6

7.3
5.7
6 .9
6.1
3. 6

1.3
.3
2 .3
.6
.7

5 .4
3 .2
5 .9
5.3
1.5

2.1
3.1
2 .7
2 .8
1.7

9.9
3.2
3. 0
6.1
4 .5

3.2
5 .8
12.1
8.1
5.2

$
$
$
$
$

3.50
3.60
3.70
3.80
3.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

3 . 6 0 --------------- ----------— 3 . 7 0 _______________ ____________
3 . 8 0 ----- ------- -------------- -3 . 9 0 ____________________________
4 . 0 0 __
__ ---------- ---

2.6
1.2
1.5
1.0
.5

3 .9
1.7
2 .4
1.6
.7

.1
.1
(3 )
-

2 .0
.6
1.4
.9
.6

2 .4
1.1
.2
.3
-

2.3
2.2
3 .0
2.1
.5

7.4
3 .4
2.7
.8
1.7

$4 .0 0
$4 .1 0
$ 4.20
$ 4 .30
$ 4.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 . 1 0 ---— ------$ 4 . 2 0 ------.
_ -------------$ 4 . 3 0 ___________________________
$ 4 . 4 0 ------------------ — ---------$ 4 . 5 0 ------- _ --------- _ ------

.6
.6
.3
.4
.3

.9
.9
.5
.7
.4

.6
.2
.2
(3 )
.1

.4
1.0
(3 )
.3

(3 )
-.3
.6
1.1
.4

3 .7
2.9
1.2
.9
1.4

__

1.5

2 .4

_

.4

(3 )

2 .4

6.5

------

100.0

1 0 0 .0

100.0

100.0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

10 0. 0

_____

19,437
$2.78

12, 586
$3.01

6 , 851
$2.37

4 , 325
$2.74

2, 375
$2.60

4,6 6 6
$2.95

2, 016
$3.34

$ 4 . 5 0 a n d o v e r ________
T o t a l ______________

_____
_ _ _ _ _

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s ___ _ _
A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 _ __




1
2
3

_

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
In c lu d e s data fo r re g io n s in addition to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t h a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d i n g ,

s u m s of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y n o t e q u a l 100.

-

_
-

and late shifts.

-

1.6
(3 )
.2
.5

-

_

Table 61. Sanitary food containers: Occupational averages— all establishments
(N um ber and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s, U n ited S ta tes and s e le c te d r e g io n s , M arch 1970)
United S ta te s 2
S e x , d e p a r tm e n t, and o c c u p a tio n

P r in tin g :
F le x o g r a p h ic p r in te r o p e r a to r s (p rin tin g
and fa b r ic a tin g o p e r a tio n s ) (a ll m e n ) .. -------- -------- --------P r in tin g p r e s s m e n , c y lin d e r p r e s s (a ll m e n ) 4 —
................T w o -c o lo r p r e s s ................-........ ............................... .....................
T h r e e - c o lo r o r m o r e p r e s s _________ ________ ___ _____ P r in tin g p r e s s m e n , o f fs e t p r e s s (a ll m en ) 4 .........................
T w o -c o lo r p r e s s . . --------- ----------- ---------------------------------T h r e e - c o lo r or m o r e p r e s s . . ----- ---------------------------------P r in t in g - p r e s s a s s is t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
c y lin d e r p r e s s (a ll m en ) 4 ----------------------------------------------T w o -c o lo r p r e s s _______________________________________
T h r e e - c o lo r o r m o r e p r e s s --------- -------------------------------P r i n t in g - p r e s s a s s is t a n t s and f e e d e r s ,
o ffs e t p r e s s (149 m e n , 1 3 w om en ) 4 ----------------- ------- -----T h r e e - c o lo r o r m o r e p r e s s (144 m e n , 13 w o m e n )---R oll su p p ly m en (a ll m e n ) ________________________________
F o r m in g :
P a p e r - c u p -m a k in g - m a c h in e o p e r a to r s
(o p e ra te o n ly ) ------------------------- ----------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------- ------

106

C u tting and c r e a s in g :
C u ttin g- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s o p e r a to r s
(274 m e n , 33 w om en ) 4 ___ _____ ________ ________ ________
C y lin d e r o r r o ta r y (a ll m e n )______________________ ____
C u ttin g- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s f e e d e r s
(115 m e n , 30 w om en ) 4 ........................ ............. .............................
C y lin d e r or r o ta r y (77 m e n , 16 w o m e n )______ ________
S tr ip p e r s (371 m e n , 23 w o m e n ) 4—.............. ........ ................ ........
A ir h a m m e r (a ll m e n ) --------------------------------------------------Hand (45 m e n , 18 w o m e n ) _______'--------------------------------C oating:
C o a tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ( fo r m e d -p a p e r
p r o d u c ts) (83 m e n , 315 w o m e n ).............................. ............... .
C o a tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s (p a p er sto ck ) (a ll m e n )..-----

M ean 3

M edian 3

186
339
78
242
173
20
149

$3.21
3.62
3.90
3.58
4.42
3.84
4.50

$3.02
3.57
4 .3 6
3.57
4 .5 8
3.37
4 .64

$2.92—$3.36
3 .3 0 - 3.74
3 .2 2 - 4 .3 6
3 .4 1 - 3.58
3 .5 7 - 4 .9 4
3 .3 3 - 3.96
4 .1 5 - 4 .9 4

-

249
90
157

3.14
3.27
3.07

3.09
3.09
2.92

2 .9 2 - 3.51
3 .0 9 - 3.51
2 .9 2 - 3.21

101
101

162
157
176

3.46
3.48
2.60

3.41
3.42
2.55

3 .0 8 - 3.63
3 .0 8 - 3.63
2 .3 4 - 2.82

-

1 ,1 1 7
976

2.40
2.39

2 .4 4
2.29

.2 .2 9 - 2.4 4
2 .2 4 - 2.4 4

307
145

3.11
3.26

3 .0 8
3.01

145
93
394
159
63

2.83
2.84
2.64
2.60
2.12

398
105

M is c e lla n e o u s :
680
A d ju s t e r s , m a c h in e , c la s s A (679 m e n , 1 w o m a n )--------170
B a le r s (a ll m e n )-------- ------- ---------------- --------------------------------B u n d le r s - p a c k e r s ---- ---------------------------------------------------------- 2, 492
170
M e n ------------------------------------------------------- ------- ------------W o m e n --------- ----------------- ------------------------------- 1----------- 2, 322
561
C a tc h e r s ...................................... — ..........-........ -........—..................... —
308
M e n --------------------------------------------------------------- ------------253
W o m en -.............................. ................................—........ .................
111
D ie m a k e r s (a ll m e n ) . . . ----- -------- -------- ----------------- ------------E le c t r ic ia n s , m a in te n a n c e (a ll m e n ) -------------------------------98
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
a u to m a tic (332 m e n , 46 w o m e n ) ...------------------------ ------- 378
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
257
(234 m e n , 23 w o m e n ) ------------------------------------------- ----------M a in te n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t ilit y (a ll m e n ) . . ......... ..........
284
735
M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e (a ll m e n ) ..-------- ------------ -----------35
Shipping c le r k s (a ll m e n ) --------------------------------------------------Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k s (55 m e n , 3 w o m e n )......... —
58
62
T r u c k d r iv e r s (a ll m en ) 4-------------------------------------- ------- -----53
O ther than s e m i - or t r a i l e r .............. ........................................
T r u c k e r s , pow er (fo r k lift) (707 m e n ,
2 w o m e n ) ----- ------- ---------------- ------------ -------------------------- -----709
T r u c k e r s , pow er (o th e r than fo r k lift)
116
(114 m e n , 2 w o m e n )------------------ -------------------------- -----------S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




M id dle A tla n tic

Num ber
of
w orkers

H ourly e a r n in g s 1
M id dle : ange 3
r

N u m ber
of
w orkers

S o u th east

H ourly e a r n in g s 1
M ean 3

M edian 3

M id dle ran ge 3

-

N u m ber
of
w orkers

M ean 3

M edian 3

46
28
-

$3.19
3.35
-

$3.06
3.54
-

$2.93—$3.56
_
.
2.96r- 3.56
-

15
_

2.96
-

2.42
-

2 .2 9 - 3.63
.

13

2.47

-

-

-

H ourly e a r n in g s 1
M iddle range 3

_
-

-

$2.96
2.96

$2.92
2.92

_
-

-

292
242

2.36
2.34

2 .4 4
2.4 4

2 .1 3 - 2.44
2 .1 3 - 2.44

-

-

-

-

-

2.95— 3.46
2.95— 3.42

46
-

3.15
-

3.00
-

3 .0 0 - 3.42
-

-

-

-

-

-

2.92
2.92
2.71
2.3 4
2.06

2.62—
2 .3 3 2 .3 4 2 .3 4 1 .9 6 -

3.08
3.09
2.96
3.35
2.30

30
24
-

2.80
2.7 9
-

2.87
2.83
-

2 .7 3 - 2.92
2 .7 3 - 2.92
-

-

-

-

_
_
-

-

2.73
2.83

2.65
2.77

2.54— 2.81
2.62— 3.14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.23
2.69
2.35
2.72
2.32
2.50
2.60
2.3 8
3.85
3.62

3.26
2.65
2.24
2.65
2.2 4
2.50
2.56
2.4 4
3.89
3.65

3 .1 1 2 .4 5 2 .1 7 2 .6 0 2.17—
2 .2 2 2 .2 2 1.96—
3 .4 5 3 .2 7 -

3.33
2.92
2.54
2 .8 8
2.49
2 .8 8
2.8 8
2.6 9
3.89
3.76

29
21
23

2.72
_
3.61
3.43

2.65
3.77
3.2 8

_
2.53
2 .2 3
2 .23
2.27
_
-

2.52
2.05
2.05
2.22
_
-

3.12

3.09

2 .6 2 - 3.46

-

-

-

2.51
3.53
3.47
3.02
2.85
3.13
3.09

2.4 9
3.60
3.22
2.92
3.00
3.17
3.01

2 .3 0 3.25—
3 .2 2 2.91—
2 .6 4 2.66—
2 .4 8 -

2.8 4
3.87
3.76
3.12
3.10
3.51
3.51

51

2.43

2.41

14
10
-

2.90

2.96

2.64— 3.09

2.82

2 .8 8

2.86— 2.90

$2.92—$3.12
2 .9 2 - 3.12
-

2 .6 3 - 2.82
_
3 .3 2 - 3.77
3 .2 7 - 3.70
2 .4 0 - 2.50

-

-

2.89
3.51
-

-

-

127

2.7 8

2.71

46

2 .8 8

2 .8 9

-

-

27
245
245
152
34
51

-

-

2.19
3.02

2.06
3.29
-

2 .2 8 2 .0 5 2 .0 5 2 .1 1 -

-

_
2.71
2.47
2.47
2.22
_
-

2 .0 6 - 2.24
2 .2 8 - 3.59
-

-

-

-

-

2 .6 4 - 2.94

-

-

-

-

-

2.86— 2.92

“

■

"

"

"

Table 61. Sanitary food containers: Occupational averages— all establishments---- Continued
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly earning;

of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1 9 70)
G reat Lakes

Sex, d e p a rtm e n t,

and occupation

P rin tin g :
F l e x o g r a p h i c p r i n t e r o p e r a t o r s (p rin tin g and
f a b r i c a t i n g o p e r a t i o n s ) _____
_______________ ______
P rin tin g p re s s m e n , cylinder p r e s s 4
I w o - c o l o r p r e s s ___________ _____ _
___
__ _ _ _ ___
T hree-color or m o re p ress.
_ . . . . . . ____ . _____
P r i n t i n g p r e s s m e n , o f f s e t p r e s s 4 ____ __
_________
T w o-color p re s s .
.. .............
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r e s s __ ________________ _______
P r in ti n g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and fe e d e r s ,
cylinder p r e s s 4
......
T w o - c . o l o r p r e s s ...... .
T h r e e - c o l o r o r m o r e p r e s s ___ ________________________
P rin tin g - p r e s s a s s is ta n ts and fe e d e rs,
o f f s e t p r e s s 4 __________________ ________ __________________
T hree-color or m o re p ress
R oll supply m e n
_________________________________ _______
F orm ing:
P ap er - cup-m aking-m achine operators
( o p e r a t e o n l y ) ____________ _________________________________
W o m e n ____________
__________________ _________ ______

107

G utting and c r e a s in g :
C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s o p e r a to rs 4 .
._ .._ ......
C ylinder or ro ta ry
C utting- and c r e a s i n g - p r e s s fe e d e rs 4
C y l i n d e r o r r o t a r y ___ ___________________________________
S t r i p p e r s 4 _____________________________________________________
A i r h a m m e r ______ . .
__ ____ _ _ ____ _______ _____
H a n d ______________________________________________ _________

P acific

Num ber
of
w orkers

M ean 3

36
80
-

$3.44
3.78
-

$3.60
4.36
-

$ 3 . 4 1— 3 . 6 0
$
3 . 4 2 - 4.36
_
_
_
_
-

:
25
_
25
36
_
26

103
17

3.22
.
2.78

3.09
_
2.50

3 . 0 9 - 3 .5 1
_
_
2 . 5 0 - 3.19

_

77
73
25

3. 6 1
3.67
2. 9 1

3.49
3 .4 9
3.07

3 . 3 9 - 3.51
3 . 3 9 - 3 .5 1
2 . 9 5 - 3.07

15
14
-

106
106

2 .5 6
2.56

2 .7 3
2 .7 3

2.242.24-

73
16
46
-

3.36
3.48
3.09
_

3.46
3.46
3.09
_

3 . 4 6 - 3.46
3 . 4 5 - 3.60
3 . 0 8 - 3.09
_

-

-

-

H o u rly ea rn in g s 1
*
M edian 3

Num ber
of
w orkers

M iddle ra n g e 3

-

2.52
2.86

2.47
3.14

39
58 2
583
181
77
44
34
206
73
67
149
26
22
22
187
46

2.78
2.38
2.34
2.69
2 .8 6
3 .9 1
3 .8 5
3.29
2.60
3.32
3 .7 3
3.08
2.68
2.68
3. 01
2 .8 3

2.87
2 .1 9
2.19
2.74
2.88
_
3.89
3 .7 6
3.39
2. 7 1
3 .5 1
3.76
3 .0 6
2.68
2.68
3.09
2.88

2.632.172.172 .442.88_
3.893 .722 .912.362.953.703.002.482 .482.992.88-

3
4

NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d i c a t e no d a t a r e p o r t e d o r d a t a t h at d o not m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




M edians

_
$4.09
_

$3.9O-$4.09

4.09
4.35

3.9 0 - 4.09
3 . 5 7 - 5 .6 8

3 .5 7

3 . 5 7 - 5 .8 4

3 .9 8
_

3 .6 3 - 4.10
_
_

_
.

4 .1 1
4.12
-

-

42
31
8
_
_

and m id d le

4.15
4.27
_
.
_

-

-

-

_
7

_
3 .7 6

3.77
3 .2 9
2 .6 3
3.27
2 .6 0
3 .2 6
2.98
_
4.50
_
3 .7 5
2 .9 8
4.14
4.25
_
_
_
_
3 .4 2

_
96
■

ranges

-

-

-

51
16
396
18
378
35
11
_
20
_
31
25
41
61
_
_

.
2.92
2.65
2.22
2.88
2.88
_
3.89
3.80
3.46
2.84
3.60
3.76
3.10
2^79
2.79
3.09
2.88

4 .0 1
3 .9 2
3 .4 0
_
_

-

-

2 . 4 0 - 2.73
2 . 2 5 - 3.39

M iscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A _____________ _______________
B a l e r s ___________________ ___________
______________________
B u n d l e r s - p a c k e r s ________________
___
______ ___________
M e n ____________ __________________________________________
W o m e n ________ ___________________ ___________________
C a t c h e r s ______ ________________________________________________
M e n _______________________________________________________
W o m e n . . . _______ ______________________________________
D i e m a k e r s _______________________________ ______________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e ______________
._ _ ___
F o ld in g - and g lu in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to rs , au to m atic
. .
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ___ _ ____ _________ _____
M a i n t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y __
_ ..
__ . . .
M echanics, m ain ten a n ce
_. . . .
. . .
____
S h i p p i n g c l e r k s __ ________
_________ _____________ _____
S h i p p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _ ____
_______ . _____
T ru ck d riv ers 4
----------------- . . . ------ . _
. . .
O t h e r t h a n s e m i - o r t r a i l e r _______ __ _ ___
. . . ____
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ___ ____
_____. . . _____________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th er than fo rk lift!

M iddle ra n g e 3

.

_

-

128
30

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
S e e a p p e n d i x A f o r m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u te m e a n s , m e d i a n s , an d m i d d le r a n g e s of e a r n i n g s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

_
$4.42
_
4.42
4.65
_
4.67

M edian 3

2.85
2.85

C oating:
C o a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ( f o r m e d - p a p e r p r o d u c t s ) ___
C o a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ( p a p e r s t o c k ) ________ _

1

H ourly earn in g s 1
M ean 3

a re not pro v id ed

3 . 4 2 - 4 .4 6
3 .4 2 - 4.40
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

-

_

3.7 3
3 .2 5
2 .5 6
3 .2 6
2 .5 6
3 .4 2
_
_

3.733.142.443.262.443.28_

4.53
_
3 .8 0
2 .9 6
4.42
4 .1 6
.

4 . 5 2 - 4 .5 4

_
_
_

3 .4 3
-

for jobs w ith fe w e r th an

3 .6 5 —
2.8 6 —
3 .5 1 —
4 .16_

3 .7 5
3 .3 6
2 .7 5
3.3 3
2 .7 5
3 .4 2
_

3.8 6
3 .0 8
4 .4 4
4.38
_

_
3 . 3 4 - 3 .5 5
-

15 w o r k e r s

-

in a r e g i o n .

Table 62. Sanitary food containers: Method of wage payment
(P e r c e n t of prod u ction w o r k e r s by m eth o d of w a g e p a y m e n t, U n ited S ta tes and s e le c te d r e g io n s , M arch 1970)
United
S tates 2

M e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t 1

A l l w o r k e r s ______________

__________

M iddle
A tlantic

S o u th east

100

G reat
Lakes

P acific

. _

100

100

100

100

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s _________ _______.
_ ______
F o r m a l p l a n s ---------------------------- . . . ____ . _
S i n g l e r a t e ____________________ ____________
R a n g e of r a t e s _____________
_______
I n d i v i d u a l r a t e s ________ ___________ __________

90
85
27
58
5

92
91
12
79
(3 )

83
80
12
68

92
88
38
50

93
93
59
34

4

4

I n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ------------------------------------ _ _
_ _
I n d i v i d u a l p i e c e w o r k . ________ ____ __
G r o u p p i e c e w o r k __ . ____ ____ _________
I n d i v i d u a l b o n u s ____
. . ____ ___ _______
G r o u p b o n u s ___________ _____________ ___________

10
3
1
3

8
7
_
_
1

17

8

7

4
12
1

1
1
7

7

3

1 F o r d efin itio n of m ethod of w age p a y m en t, s e e append ix A .
2 Inclu des data for r eg io n s in addition to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
NOTE:

108



B e c a u s e of rounding, su m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not equal 100.

Table 63. Sanitary food containers: Scheduled weekly hours
(P e r c e n t of prod u ction and o ffic e w o r k e r s by sc h e d u led w e e k ly h o u r s , 1 U n ited S ta te s and s e le c te d r e g io n s , M a rch 1970)
U n ited
S ta te s 2

W eekly h o u rs 1

M id dle
A tla n tic

S o u th ea st

G reat
L a k es

P a c ific

P r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________

100

100

100

100

30 h o u r s --------------------- ---------------------------------37V2 h o u r s _____ ___ ________________________
38 h o u r s ---------- -------------------------- -----------------40 h o u r s _____________________ ________________
44 h o u r s ________________________________________
45 h o u r s --------------- -------------------- -------------48 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------

7
9
1
76
1
4
2

24
_
49
_
17
10

_
_
100
_
_

4
3
89
3

-

-

-

100
13
87

O ffic e w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s _____________________________

_

35 h o u r s ___ _____ _____ __________ __________
37V2 h o u r s ___ . . . . _______ ___ _______ _____
38 h o u r s --------- _ --------------------------------------------40 h o u r s _________________________ _______ _

100

100

100

100

100

1
16
1
82

1
2
_
96

28
_
72

54
4
42

_
_
100

1 Data r e la te to th e predom inan t w ork s c h e d u le fo r f u ll- tim e d a y -s h ift w o r k e r s in ea ch e s ta b lis h m e n t.
2 In clu d es data for r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .
NOTE: B e c a u s e of rounding, su m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not equal 100.

Table 64. Sanitary food containers: Shift differential provisions
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l p r o v i s i o n s , 1 U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,
U nited
S tates 2

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

M iddle
A tlantic

M a r c h 1 9 70 )

S o u th east

G reat
Lakes

P acific

Second shift

109



W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
s e c o n d - s h i f t p r o v i s i o n s ______________ __
___
W i t h s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l _____ __________________
____
U n i f o r m c e n t s p e r h o u r _ ________
3 c e n t s _________________
. ______ __ __
5 c e n t s __________ ________________________
6 c e n t s ________________ __ ________ ___
7 c e n t s _________________ _______ ___ _
_____ ______
. __
7 V2 c e n t s ___________
8 c e n t s ____________________ __ ______
10 c e n t s ___
__
____________ ____
11 c e n t s . . ___
____ __________________
12 c e n t s ___________________________________
14 c e n t s ____________________ _______________
15 c e n t s ____________________________ _____
17 c e n t s --------------------------------- ----------------U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e -------------- ----------------- __
5 p e r c e n t -------------------- ---------------- --------10 p e r c e n t -------------- -------------- . _______
F u l l d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ____
O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________
W i t h n o s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ____ . . _____________

98.1
9 7 .4
92.9
.6
2 .2
5. 8
14 .7
8.1
17.9
24.2
.8
1.9
11.5
4.1
1.1
2 .2
1.5
.8
1.4
.9
.7

98.5
98.5
9 5 .2
_
_
15.9
16 .8
47.4
_
15.1
_
3 .4
3.4
_

99.1
93.6
93.6
_
_
4.8
10 .2
2 4 .3
20.6
8.1
_
2 5 .6
_
5 .5

9 6 .0
9 6 .0
89.9
_
_
8.8
16.0
13.3
5 .7
3.5
_
4 .4
3 4 .9
3.3
_
6 .2
6 .2
_

99.1
93.6
93.6
40.3
9 .4
7.1
_
28.7
8.1
_
_
_

96.0
96.0
89 .9
16.8

-

10 0.0
10 0.0
7 8. 0
_
_
_
_
_
1.1
50.0
8.0
8.3
_
10.5
13.3
3 8 .7
-

T h ird or o th e r la te shift
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g t h i r d - o r
o t h e r l a t e - s h i f t p r o v i s i o n s ___ _________________
W i t h s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l --------- ------- ---------------U n i f o r m c e n t s p e r h o u r ______________ ____
5 c e n t s ___ _ . __________
____ _______
10 c e n t s __________________________
_____
11 c e n t s _______
______ ._ ____ _
12 c e n t s _____________ _____
____ _____
13 c e n t s ____________________________ _____
14 c e n t s _______________ _____________ __
15 c e n t s ________ _ ________________________
16 c e n t s ____ _______
__
___ __________
17 c e n t s — --------------------. . . ____ ___
18 c e n t s ------------------- ------------- ------ ----------20 c e n t s — ----------------- --------------U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _______ _. ________ . .
10 p e r c e n t _____________________ . . .
15 p e r c e n t . ____ ____ _
_____ . . . .
F u l l d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ______ ..
O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a ] ___ .
___
W i t h n o s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ___
. . ------

97.3
96.6
92.1
.6
19 .7
6.3
9.8
7.3
2 0 .6
21.6

.1

1.9

.9
3.3

2
.2
1.5
.8

1.4
.9
.7

98.5
98.5
95.2
6.0
16 .8
15.9
41.5
_
15.1
3 .4
3. 4
-

-

-

5.5

1 R e f e r s to p o l i c i e s of p l a n t s
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in
3 8 h o u r s ' p a y f o r 7 V2 h o u r s '
4 8 h o u r s ' p a y f o r 7 V2 h o u r s '

e ith e r o p eratin g late shifts or having p ro v is io n s co v erin g late shifts.
add itio n to th o s e shown s e p a r a te ly .
w o r k p l u s 11 c e n t s p e r h o u r .
w o r k p l u s 22 c e n t s p e r h o u r .

NOTE:

s u m s of in d i v id u a l i t e m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

B e c a u s e of r o u n d i n g ,

8.8

4 .4
_
56.6

3.3
_
6 .2
6.2
-

10 0.0
10 0.0
7 8. 0
_
4 .6
_
15.4
12.6
17.3

1
.1

18.6
8.3
_
-

13.3
4 8 .7

Table 65. Sanitary food containers: Shift differential practices
(P e r c e n t of p rodu ction w o rk e rs on la te sh ifts by amount o f d iffe r e n tia l, U nited States and s e le c te d re g io n s , M a rc h 1970)

Shift d iffe re n tia l

U nited
S tates 1

M id d le
A tla n tic

Southeast

G re a t
Lakes

P a c ific

Second shift

110



W o r k e r s em p loyed on second shift______________
R e c e iv in g shift d iffe r e n tia l___ __________
U n ifo rm cents p e r h o u r ---____ ____
U nder 5 c e n ts ________________ . . .
5 cents __ __________ _____________________
6 c e n ts ______ _ __ ____ __ _______ _ __
7 c e n ts ---- ----------- ------------------------7 V2 c e n ts -------- . --------------------- ----8 c e n ts ___ _________ __________ _________
10 cents_________ _______ _______________
11 cen ts__________________ _ _ ___
12 cen ts__________________ ______________
14 cen ts---- _ ______ ___________
------------- . ________ _ _
15 cen ts---17 cents________________ _ _ _ _ _______
U n ifo rm p e r c e n ta g e _______ - _____________
---------- ----5 p e r c e n t ----__________ ______
10 p e rc e n t-----F u ll d ay's pay fo r reduced h o u rs ________
O ther fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n tia l______
R e c e iv in g no shift d if f e r e n t ia l_______ ______

29.2
29.0
27.7
.2
.6
1.9
4.4
2.2
4.8
7.7
.3
.6
3.1
1.5
.3
.5
.3
.2
.4
.4
.2

31.4
31.4
30.6
.
5.4
3.5
16.1
.
5.7

19.5
19.4
18.9
4.4
.8
2.4
1.3
4.8
3.9
.3
.1
1.0
.3
.2
.1
.2
.2

22.0
22.0
21.6
.7

-

.8
.8
.

27.3
25.9
25.9
_
1.8
2.4
6.3
5.4
1.9
8.1
-

1.4

26.9
26.9
25.5
_
_
3.1
5.3
3.7
1.2
.8
_
1.5
8.8
1.1
1.4
1.4
-

31.0
31.0
23.5
_
_
_
_
15.7
2.9
2.0
_
3.0
3.5
4.0
-

T h ird o r other la te sh ift
W o r k e r s em p loyed on th ird or other
la te sh ift___ — __________________ __
___
R e c e iv in g shift d iffe re n tia ]---- _ ------ ----U n ifo rm cents p e r h o u r ___________
____
10 cen ts________ _____ ________________
11 cen ts______ _________________ _______
12 cents____________________ _ ________
13 cen ts______
______________
_______
14 cen ts. _ _______________ ___________
15 cen ts_______
_ . - _ ______________
17 cen ts.
----- ------------------18 cen ts_____
.. . . . ------- _ ---------20 c en ts..
__________________________
U n ifo rm p erc e n ta g e ________
. .. -------10 p e rc e n t----------------------- ----- _.
15 p e rc e n t... ---- . --- . _ ________
F u ll d a y's pay fo r reduced h o u rs ____ ...
R e c e iv in g no shift d if f e r e n t ia l ____ _______ _

-

1.0

3.5
3.1
9.8

7.7
1.5

-

-

4.5
.4
.4
-

-

1 Includes data fo r region s in addition to th ose shown s e p a ra te ly .
NOTE:

20.0
18.5
18.5
7.8
.5

B ecau se of rounding, sums o f in d ivid u a l ite m s m a y not equal to ta ls .

-

-

-

1.4

22.1
22.1
21.3
4.6
2.3
1.1
-

13.2
.2
-

.8
.8
-

16.5
16.5
15.0
.6
-

4.8
3.2
-

2.7
2.7

1.0
-

1.5




Table 66. Sanitary food containers: Paid holidays
(P e r c e n t o f production and o ffic e w o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m en ts w ith fo r m a l p ro v is io n s fo r paid h o lid a y s ,
U nited S tates, and s e le c te d re g io n s , M a rc h 1970)

N um ber o f paid h olid ays

U nited
States 1

M id d le
A tla n tic

Southeast

G re a t
Lakes

P a c ific

P ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s
A ll w ork ers

___________

____________ ________

W o rk e rs in estab lish m en ts p ro vid in g
paid h o lid a y s _____________ _____________________ _
5 d a y s ______________ _________ ___ ________ _____
6 days ___________________________________________
6 days plus 1 h a lf day____________________ ____
7 d a y s ___ — _________________ _____ ______ _ __ _
-----7 days plus 2 h a lf d a y s ---------- ------8 day s _____________________ ____ __________________
8 days plus 1, 2, or 3 h a lf d a y s _____
... __
9 d a y s __________________________ __________________
10 days------------------------------------ ----------------10 days plus 2 h a lf d a y s ____ _ _________________
11 days________ — ----------------------------- -__

100

100

100

100

100

100
2
1
1
3
2
52
3
32
(2 )
1
3

100
3
2
33
3
40
1
3
15

100
14
3
8
46
29

100
_
4
6
2
70
18

100
.
-

50
5
45

-

-

-

-

“

-

O ffic e w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s -------

------------ --------------------

W o rk e rs in estab lish m en ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s ______ ________________ _______- _____
5 d a y s ______________ __________ ____ __________
6 day s ___________
_____ _____
_____________
6 days plus 1 h a lf day_________
. _
_____
7 d a y s _________ ________________ ______ __ ____
7 days plus 2 h a lf d a y s ------- ------ -------------8 d a y s ____________________________________________
8 days plus 1 or 2 h a lf d a y s __________________
9 d a y s ____________________________________________
9 days plus 2 h a lf d a y s _____— .
____________
10 days___________________________________________
10 days plus 2 h a lf days________________________
11 days___________________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100
2
(2 )
1
6
1
46
1
38

100
_

100
17
2

100
6
6
3
77
8
_
-

100
_
_
4
_
44
3
49
_
-

O
( )
(2 )

4

1 Includes data fo r re g io n s in addition to th ose shown s e p a ra te ly .
2 L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f rou n d in g , su m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m a y n ot eq u a l 100.

-

-

2

15
49
17
_
-

-

23
59
(2 )
(2 )

1
13

Table 67. Sanitary food containers: Paid vacations
(P e r c e n t o f p rodu ction and o ffic e w o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r paid va c a tio n s ,
U n ited States and s e le c te d re g io n s , M a rch 1970)

V a ca tion p o lic y

U nited
S tates 1

M id d le
A tla n tic

Southeast

G re a t
L a k es

P a c ific

P ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100
71
29

100
42
58

100
87
13

100
78
22

100
91
9

1
93
6

97
3

-

93
7

97
3

9
87
5

11
1
86
1

19
2
79
-

5
8
79
7

100
-

9
91
-

100
-

93
7
-

100
-

9
87
5

-

M ethod of paym ent
W o r k e r s in estab lish m en ts p rovid in g
p aid va c a tio n s ______________ ___________________
L e n g th - o f- tim e paym ent ___ ---------------------P e r c e n ta g e paym en t----------------------------------Am ount of vacation pay 2

112



A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e :
U nder 1 w eek __________ - ~ ____ ___ - ---- ------1 w eek ___________________________________________
2 w eek s _______
___ —_ —
----------- —
A f t e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e :
1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------------A f t e r 5 y e a rs of s e r v ic e :
1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s --------- ------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------A f t e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e :
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------A f t e r 20 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e :
2 w e e k s _________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s -------------------------A<
3
5 w e e k s _________________________________________
A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :4
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----- ------------ ------4 w e e k s _________________________________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end of table,

1
98
1
(3)
1
12
3
85

7
93

18
7
75

2
7
91

9
91

7
65
28

4
86
10

18
73
9

2
30
68

9
37
54

7
17
1
67
8

4
24
72
-

18
7
75
-

2
13
50
35

9
15
76
-

7
16
1
58
18

4
20
70
6

18
7
75

2
13
24
61

9
15
59
17

Table 67.

Sanitary food containers:

Paid vacations---- Continued

(P e r c e n t of production and o ffic e w o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r paid va c a tio n s ,
U n ited States and s e le c te d re g io n s , M a rc h 1970)

V acation p o lic y

U nited
States 1

M id d le
A tla n tic

Southeast

G re a t
L a k es

P a c ific

O ff ic e w o r k e r s
100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

22
78

34
66

32
68

33
67

4
96

1
98
2

2
98
-

85
15

“
100

100

■

■

96
2
2

100
-

83
15
2

100
-

97
■
3

7
6
87

5
95

17
15
68

5
19
76

100

5
76
18

2
77
21

17
79
4

4
70
27

54
46

5
13
2
79
1

2
2
95
-

17

4
29
68

10

15
68
■

5
13
2
73
6
1

2
2
95
-

17
(3 )
15
68
-

M ethod o f paym ent
W o rk e rs in estab lish m en ts p ro vid in g
paid va c a tio n s ----------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t----------------------------Am ount o f va ca tio n pay 2

113



A ft e r 1 y e a r of s e rv ic e :
1 w eek ____________________________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------A ft e r 3 y e a rs of s e r v ic e :
1 w eek ---------------------1---------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------A ft e r 5 y e a rs of s e rv ic e :
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------A ft e r 10 y e a rs of s e r v ic e :
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------3 w eeks
--------------------------------------------------A ft e r 15 y e a rs of s e r v ic e :
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------- ---------------------------------------------A ft e r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e :
2 w e e k s __________________________________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s --------------------------4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s __________________________________________
A ft e r 25 y e a rs of s e r v ic e :4
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s --------------------------4 w e e k s __________________________________________
5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s -------- ----------------------------------------------

(3 )

-

90

"
4
27
47
22

■
10

_

77
13

1 Includes data fo r re g io n s in addition to th ose shown s e p a ra te ly .
2 V acation paym en ts such as p e rc e n t o f annual ea rn in gs w e r e c o n v e rte d to an eq u ivalen t tim e b a s is . P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e chosen a r b it r a r ily and
do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in d ivid u a l esta b lish m en t p ro v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r ex a m p le , changes in p ro p o rtio n s in d ica ted at 10 y e a r s m ay include
changes o ccu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
3 L e s s than 0.5 p e rc e n t.
4 V a ca tion p r o v is io n s w e r e v ir tu a lly the sam e a fte r lo n g e r p e rio d s of s e r v ic e , excep t that 36 p e rc e n t of the p rod u ction w o rk e rs in the G rea t L a k es
re g io n w e re in estab lish m en ts p ro v id in g 6 w eek s of va ca tio n pay a fte r 30 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e .
NO TE:

B ecause of rounding, sums o f in d ivid u a l ite m s m a y not equal 100.

Table 68. Sanitary food containers: Health, insurance, and retirement plans
(P e r c e n t of produ ction and o ffic e w o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts w ith s p e c ifie d h ealth , in su ran ce, and r e tir e m e n t plan s,
U nited States and s e le c te d re g io n s , M a rc h 1970)
U nited
States 2

T yp e of plan 1

M id d le
A tla n tic

Southeast

G re a t
Lakes

P a c ific

P ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s __________________

114



___________ _ _

____

____

W o r k e r s in estab lish m en ts p ro vid in g:
L if e in s u ra n c e _________________ _________ _________________
N on con trib u tory p la n s ------------------------------------ — —
A c c id e n ta l death and d ism em b erm en t in s u r a n c e ----- —
Non co n trib u to ry p la n s ____ ___ _
_______________
__
Sickness and a ccid en t insurance or
— _________ _____ —
sick le a v e o r b o th 3--------------Sickness and accid en t in su ran ce_________________________
N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s ____
______ __________
_ _ _
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay, no w aitin g p e r io d )_______________
Sick le a v e (p a rtia l pay or w a itin g p e r io d )______________
H o s p ita liza tio n in su ran ce___ ___ ________ ________ ____
N o n con trib u tory p la n s ____ ______________ __ _________ ____
--------------- ------S u rg ic a l in su ra n ce -----------------------N on con trib u tory p la n s ____________________________ __
M e d ic a l in s u ra n c e ___________ _ _ __ _ _ __________________
Non co n trib u to ry p la n s ___ - ____ _______________ __ _ ___
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e ___ ___ ___ ___________________ . __
N on con trib u tory plans ___ _ ____
_ . ___ _
R e tire m e n t p la n s 4____________
___ _____ . ___ _______
P e n s i o n s ___ _ _ _
_______________________ ___
Non co n trib u to ry p la n s _______ _ __ ____ ____________
_
___
S e vera n ce pay---- --------_______
__
N o p la n s ______ _____ ___ ____ ___ _

100

100

100

100

100

97
83
67
55

100
83
69
52

99
74
60
33

98
85
88
74

100
87
85
71

82
79
65
5
1
97
82
97
82
85
70
52
43
83
83
80
1
2

79
76
76
3
99
99
99
99
74
74
39
39
70
70
70
-

84
84
70
5
100
74
100
74
69
48
58
29
91
91
79
-

93
93
82
6
98
86
98
86
96
84
55
43
90
90
84
_

-

-

53
29
29
24
100
100
100
100
100
100
73
73
91
91
91
8
-

100

-

O ffic e w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s ________

________________________

______

___

W o r k e r s in estab lish m en ts p rovid in g:
L if e in s u ra n c e _________ — ____________________ _____
___
N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s --------------------------------------- ------A c c id e n ta l death and d ism em b erm en t in s u r a n c e ----- — N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s _____ ______ __________ ___
Sickness and accid en t insu rance or
sick le a v e o r b o th 3------------------------------------------ -S ickn ess and acciden t in su ran ce____ ___ _________
N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s ________ __________
_
____
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay, no w aitin g p e r io d )_____ _____ _
Sick le a v e (p a rtia l pay or w a itin g p e r io d )------------ ___
H o s p ita liza tio n in su ran ce---------------- __ --------N on con trib u tory p la n s _________________ _________________
S u rg ica l in su ra n ce-------- -- -------- ---------- ------- -----N n n ro n triln ito rv nlans
_ _ ___ _ _ __
M e d ic a l in s u ra n c e _____ _ — ___ __ __ ______ _______ —
N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s ___
___
______________ ___
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e ____ _ -------------__
___
__ --------- ___ _
Non co n trib u to ry p la n s ____ __ _____
R e tire m e n t p la n s 4--------------------------_
---- ----- _ _
P e n s io n s _______________ ______ ____ _ _ ---------Non co n trib u to ry plans __ _ _ _
__
_ _____
S e v e ra n c e pay--------- _ —
______________
________
N o plans ___ ___ ----------------_ ______ ___ _ ________ —

100

100

100

100

95
81
65
53

86
73
52
40

100
64
63
27

98
93
77
72

100
77
90
73.

87
76
63
46
7
96
82
96
82
89
75
72
65
88
88
71
3
1

84
71
71
45
86
86
86
86
84
84
53
53
89
89
63
1

78
78
64
26
100
64
100
64
69
43
76
39
93
93
64
21

98
87
82
53
31
100
92
100
92
98
90
98
90
83
83
70
-

66
41
34
47
100
100
100
100
100
100
90
90
96
96
73
7

1 Includes only those plans fo r w hich the e m p lo y e r pays at le a s t p a rt of the cost and exclu d es le g a lly re q u ire d plans such as w o rk m e n 's com pensation
and s o c ia l se c u rity ; h o w e v e r, plans r e q u ire d by State t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su ran ce la w s a re included i f the e m p lo y e r con trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly
re q u ire d or the e m p lo y ees r e c e iv e b en efits ex ceed in g le g a l r e q u ire m e n ts . "N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s " include only th ose plans fin an ced e n tir e ly by the e m p lo y e r.
2 Includes data fo r region s in addition to th ose shown s e p a ra te ly .
3 U nduplicated to ta l of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g sick le a v e o r sick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 U nduplicated to ta l of w o rk e rs in plants h avin g p r o v is io n s fo r pen sion s o r re tir e m e n t s e v e ra n c e pay shown s e p a ra te ly .

Table 69. Sanitary food containers: Other selected benefits
( P e r c e n t of p ro d u c tio n a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r f u n e r a l l e a v e p a y a n d j u r y duty p a y ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
United
S tates 2

T y p e of b e n e f i t 1

M iddle
A tlantic

S o u th east

G reat
Lakes

P acific

P roduction w o rk ers

115



W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h
p r o v i s i o n s for:
F u n e r a l l e a v e p a y ____
J u r y d u t y p a y ______
___

__
_ __

.

_ _
____

94
84

95
78

86
91

96
96

100
91

84
84

96
92

O fficew orker s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
p r o v i s i o n s for:
F u n e r a l l e a v e p a y ___- _
J u r y d u t y p a y ______
_______ __

92
76

F o r d e f i n i t i o n of b e n e f i t s , s e e a p p e n d i x A„
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

97
69

93
93

Part V . Fiber Cans, Tubes, Drums, and Similar Products
States, the only reg io n fo r which s e p a ­
ra te data could be tabulated.
C orres­
ponding a v e ra g e s fo r w o rk e rs in e s ta b ­
lish m en ts p r im a r ily m anufacturing fib e r
cans, tubes, and s im ila r p rodu cts, excep t
dru m s, w e r e $ 2.59 and $ 2.61.
M en, accounting fo r seven -ten th s o f the
industry*s w o rk fo r c e , a v e ra g e d $2.98 an
hour, com p ared w ith $2.14 fo r wom en.
Th e w age advantage fo r m en amounted to
46 p e rc e n t in the Southeast, 40 p e rc e n t
in the G rea t L a k e s , and 32 p ercen t in the
M id d le A tla n tic r e g io n .1
5
A l l but 6 p e rc e n t o f the w o rk e rs earn ed
within a range o f $ 1.60 and $ 4 an hour.
(See ta b le 71.) F o r those in the m id d le
h a lf o f the a r ra y , the ran ge was $2.13 to
$3.25. T w o -fifth s o f the w om en, com p ared
w ith one-tenth o f the m en, earn ed le s s
than $ 2 an hour.
R e g io n a lly , the p r o ­
p ortion s o f production w o rk e rs earn in g
le s s than $2 an hour w e r e n e a rly th re e tenths in the Southeast, on e-seven th in
the G rea t L a k e s , and s ligh tly m o re.th a n
one-tenth in the M id d le A tla n tic .

Average hourly earnings
E arn in gs o f production a n d rela te d
w o r k e r s in estab lish m en ts p r im a r ily
m anufacturing fib e r cans, tubes, drum s,
and s im ila r products a v e ra g e d $2.73 an
hour in M a rch 1970. (See ta b le 70.) T h is
w as 25 p e rc e n t above the N o vem b er 1964
a v e ra g e o f $2.18.1 In the th re e reg io n s
4
studied s e p a ra tely , w age le v e ls ro s e at
ap p ro x im a tely th is sam e ra te and, in
M a rch 1970, a v e ra g e d $2.64 in the South­
east, $2.68 in the G rea t L a k e s , and $2.83
in the M id d le A tla n tic .
A t the tim e ,
n e a rly fo u r -fifth s o f the 12,530 w o rk e rs
c o v e re d by the su rve y w e r e em p loyed in
th ese th re e reg io n s .
S ligh tly m o r e than tw o -th ird s o f the
w o rk fo r c e w e r e in m etro p o lita n area s
and a v e ra g e d $2.63 an hour, com p ared
w ith $ 2.96 fo r th ose in s m a lle r c o m ­
m u n ities.
T h is rela tio n sh ip held in the
Southeast ($2.09 and $ 2 .9 5 ) and in the
G rea t L a k es ($ 2.45 and $ 3.25), the tw o
regio n s p e rm ittin g such com p a riso n s. In
both o f th ese re g io n s , establish m en ts e m ­
p loyin g 100 w o rk e rs o r m o r e accounted
fo r g r e a te r p ro p o rtio n s o f the w o rk fo r c e
in non m etrop olitan a rea s than in la r g e r
c om m uniti e s .
E arn in gs in establish m en ts having 100
em p lo yees or m o re a v e ra g e d $ 2.90 an
hour, com p ared w ith $2 .3 7 in s m a lle r
estab lish m en ts. In the Southeast, w h ere
co m p ara b le data w e r e a v a ila b le , w o rk e rs
in the la r g e r estab lish m en ts a lso had the
h ig h er a v e ra g e ($ £ .8 1 , com p ared w ith
$ 2 .1 8 ). In plants havin g c o lle c tiv e b a r ­
gaining a g re e m en ts , the nationw ide a v e r ­
age was $ 2.83— 27 cents an hour h igh er
than in nonunion plants.
W age le v e ls a ls o v a r ie d by product.
F o r ex a m p le, w o rk e rs in establishm en ts
rep o rtin g fib e r drum s as th e ir p rin c ip a l
product (n e a rly o n e -fifth o f the w o rk
fo r c e ) a v e ra g e d $3.31 an hour, n a tion ally,
and $3.12 an hour in the M id d le A tla n tic




Occupational earnings
The occupational g r o u p s fo r which
data a re shown in tab le 72 accounted fo r
s ligh tly le s s than o n e-h a lf of the p ro d u c­
tion w o rk e rs . A v e r a g e h ou rly earn in gs in
th ese occupations ranged fro m $1.90 fo r
hand tube a s s e m b le rs , m o s tly w om en, to
$4.08 fo r m aintenance e le c tr ic ia n s , a job
sta ffed e n tir e ly by m en. Tube cu tter op­
e ra to r s , n u m e ric a lly the m ost im portan t
job studied s e p a ra te ly (391 m en and 318
w om en ), a v e ra g e d $ 2.39 an hour. Other
n u m e ric a lly im portan t groups and th e ir
a v e ra g e s i n c l u d e d s p ira l-tu b e -w in d in g m achine o p e ra to rs (set up and o p e ra te ),
$2.85; ca tc h e rs , $2.74; fo r m in g -p r e s s
14 BLS B u lletin 1478, op. c it.
1 S ee footn ote 7 , p. 7 , Pt. I.

116

P a id h o lid a y s . N e a r ly a ll of the p rod u c­
tion and o ffic e w o r k e r s w e r e in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents granting paid h o lid a ys, usually 8
o r 9 annually.
(See ta b le 77.) H olid ay
p ro v isio n s fo r both groups o f em p lo yees
w e r e c o n sid era b ly le s s lib e r a l in the
Southeast than in the M id d le A tla n tic and
G rea t Lak es re g io n s .

o p e ra to rs , $2.71; bundlers and p a ck ers,
$2.13; and m achine t u b e a s s e m b le rs ,
$ 2.09. W h ere occupational com p arison s
w e r e p o s s ib le fo r the th re e reg io n s , the
Southeast u s u a l l y re p o rte d the low est
a vera ges.
Establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions
M ethod o f w age p aym en t. T w o -th ird s
of the industry*s production w o rk e rs w e re
paid tim e ra te s . (See tab le 73.) P a y fo r a
m a jo rity o f th ese w o rk e rs was d eterm in ed
under fo r m a l system s p ro vid in g sin gle
rates fo r s p e c ifie d occupations; other
m ethods, h o w e v e r, applied to substan­
tia l p ro p o rtio n s o f the w o rk e rs in som e
re g io n s . In the G rea t L a k e s , fo r exam p le,
ranges o f rates and sin gle ra tes each ap­
p lie d to tw o -fifth s of the w o rk e rs ; in the
Southeast, in fo rm a l system s p r im a r ily
basing rates on in d ivid u al w o rk e r*s q u a li­
fica tio n s applied to o n e-fo u rth o f the w o rk
fo r c e .
In cen tive w o rk e rs , usually paid
individu al o r group bonuses, accounted
fo r s lig h tly m o r e than tw o -fifth s o f the
w o rk e rs in the M id d le A tla n tic and South­
east reg io n s and o n e -fifth o f the w o rk e rs
in the G rea t L a k e s .

P a id v a c a tio n s . N e a rly a ll production
and o ffic e w o r k e r s r e c e iv e d vacation pay
a fte r qu a lifyin g p e rio d s of s e r v ic e . (See
tab le 78.) P ro d u ction w o rk e rs w e r e ty p i­
c a lly p ro v id e d 1 w eek o f vacation pay
a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , 2 w eeks o r m o re
a fte r 3 y e a r s , and 3 w eeks o r m o r e a fte r
15 y e a rs . About one-half o f the production
w o rk e rs w e r e in establish m en ts w ith p r o ­
v is io n s fo r at le a s t 4 weeks* vacatio n pay
a fte r 25 y e a rs of s e r v ic e . O ffic e w o rk e rs
w e r e c o v e re d by s im ila r p ro v is io n s , but
w e r e g e n e ra lly gran ted 2 w eek s o f v a c a ­
tion pay sooner than production w o rk e rs .
V acation p ro v is io n s v a r ie d by region .
A ft e r 25 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e , fo r exam p le,
4
w eeks o r m o re o f vacation pay was
a v a ila b le to at le a s t seven -ten th s o f the
production w o rk e rs in the M id d le A tla n tic
and G rea t L a k es reg io n , com p ared with
fe w e r than one-tenth of the w o rk e rs in
the Southeast.

Scheduled w e e k ly h o u rs . W ork sched­
ules o f 40 hours a w eek w e r e in e ffe c t in
estab lish m en ts em p loyin g th ree-fou rth s o f
the production w o rk e rs and seven -tenth s
of the o ffic e w o r k e r s in M a rch 1970. (See
tab le 74.) Such schedules w e r e p re d o m i­
nant fo r production w o rk e rs in the th re e
region s studied sep a ra tely ; s ligh tly le s s
than o n e -h a lf o f the w o rk fo r c e in the
Southeast, h o w e v e r, was scheduled fo r
48 h ours. F o r o ffic e w o r k e r s , the m a jo r
exception s to the 40-hou r w eek w e r e the
35-hour schedules p r e v a ilin g in the South­
east and the 3 7V2
-hour schedules applying
to n e a rly on e-fou rth of the w o rk e rs in the
M id d le A tla n tic regio n .

H ealth, insuran ce, and r e tire m e n t p la n s.
L ife , h o sp ita liza tio n , s u rg ic a l, and m e d i­
ca l insurance w e r e a v a ila b le to seven eighths or m o re o f the production and o f­
fic e p erson n el. (See tab le 79.) A c c id e n ta l
death and d ism em b erm en t insuran ce ap­
p lie d to a p p ro x im a tely th re e -fo u rth s of
the w o rk e rs in both grou p s, w h ile s ic k ­
ness and acciden t insu ran ce and m a jo r
m e d ic a l insuran ce c o v e re d tw o -th ird s of
the production w o rk e rs and seven -ten th s
o r m o re o f the o ffic e w o r k e r s . E m p lo y e rs
paid at le a s t p art o f the cost o f a ll th ese
plans, and, in m ost in sta n ces, they paid
the to ta l cost. Sick le a v e plans (n e a rly
alw ays fu ll pay, no w aitin g p e rio d ) w e r e
com m on fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s , but not fo r
production w o rk e rs .
Of the health and
insurance b en efits studied, the in cid en ce
o f m a jo r m e d ic a l and accid en tal death
and d ism em b erm en t insuran ce v a r ie d the
m ost among the reg io n s ; the in cid en ce of
life insuran ce and h o s p ita liza tio n in s u r­
ance v a r ie d the le a s t.
P en sion plans, p ro v id in g fo r re g u la r
paym ents on re tire m e n t (in addition to
those under F e d e r a l s o c i a l s e c u rity ),

Shift d iffe r e n tia l p ro v is io n s and p r a c ­
t i c e s . A t le a s t fo u r-fifth s o f the w o rk e rs
w e r e in estab lish m en ts having fo r m a l
pay p ro v isio n s fo r la te -s h ift w o rk . (See
tab le 75.)
A t the tim e of the su rvey ,
h o w e v e r, only o n e -fifth o f the w o rk e rs
actu ally w e r e em p lo yed on second shifts
and le s s than one-tenth w e r e on th ird or
other late sh ifts. (See tab le 76.) T h e s e
w o rk e rs ty p ic a lly r e c e iv e d pay in addition
to d a y -sh ift ra te s , usually amounting to
5, 7, or 10 cents an hour fo r second shifts
and 12 cents an hour fo r th ird sh ifts.




117

w e r e p ro v id e d by establish m en ts e m ­
p loyin g slig h tly m o re than th re e -fifth s
of the production w o rk e rs and th re e fourths of the o ffic e em p lo yees.
Such
plans w e r e usually paid fo r w h olly by the
e m p lo y e r.
R e tire m e n t s e ve ra n c e plans
w e r e v irtu a lly n onexisten t in the industry.

tenths o f the p r o d u c t i o n and o f f ic e w o rk e rs .
(See table 80.) P a i d lea ve
fo r ju r y duty also was a va ila b le to ap ­
p ro x im a te ly seven -ten th s o f the w o rk e rs
in the two groups. R e g io n a lly , the p r o ­
p ortion s o f production w o rk e rs c o v e re d
by ju ry -d u ty pay p ro v isio n s w e r e slig h tly
m o re t h a n th re e -fifth s in the M id dle
A tla n tic , th re e -fo u rth s in the Southeast,
and fo u r -fifth s in the G rea t Lak es. R e ­
gion a l v a ria tio n was som ewhat w id e r fo r
o f f i c ewo r ke r s.

O th er s e lec te d b e n e f i t s . P r o v is io n s
fo r pay w h ile attending fu n erals o f s p e c i­
fie d fa m ily m em b e rs w e r e rep o rte d by
estab lish m en ts em p loyin g a b o u t eigh t-




118

Table 70. Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products:

A verage hourly earnings by selected characteristics

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y s e l e c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
U nited State s 2
Item

All p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s . _
_ _
__
.........
_
M e n . ___ __
W o m e n _________________ ________ _______

119



N um ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earning s

M iddle A tlan tic
Numbe r
of
w orker s

A verage
hourly
earning s

S o u th e ast
N um ber
of
w orkers

G reat Lake s

A verage
hourly
earnings

Num ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

______

12,530
8,821
3, 709

$2.73
2.98
2.14

2, 77 4
2, 057
717

$2.83
3 .0 2
2.28

3, 9 8 6
2, 9 42
1,044

$2.64
2 .8 7
1.9 7

2, 967
1, 780
1, 187

$2.68
3.0 2
2.1 5

S iz e of c o m m u n ity ;
M e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s 3 __________________________
N o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s ________ _____________

8 , 576
3 , 9 54

2.63
2.96

2, 774
-

2.83
-

1,452
2, 534

2. 0 9
2. 9 5

2, 123
844

2.4 5
3.25

S i z e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t ;
2 0 - 9 9 w o r k e r s _______ _________________________
100 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ___ __

4 , 056
8, 4 7 4

2.37
2.90

.
1,681

_
2.96

1, 076
2, 9 1 0

2 .1 8
2.8 1

1,972

2.8 5

L abor-m anagem ent contracts;
E s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith—
M a j o r i t v of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d N o n e o r m i n o r i t y of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d ___

7, 807
4 , 723

2.83
2.56

2, 570

2.87

_

2, 545

2.73

_
3, 330

2. 6 9

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e an d fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d la t e s h if ts .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s m a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T h e t e r m " m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a , " a s u s e d i n t h i s s t u d y , r e f e r s t o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s a s d e f i n e d b y t h e U.S. O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t
a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 196 8.
NOTE;

Dashes in d ica te no data re p o rte d or data that do not m e e t p u b lication c r it e r ia .

Table 71. Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products: Earnings distribution
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , 1 U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,
U ni t ed St a te s 2
A v e r a g e h o u r l y e ar n i n g s 1

Middle
Atla nt ic

Southeast

Great
Lakes

4.9
2. 1
2.8

1.8
.6
1. 2

12 . 2
5.6
6.8

2. 7
1.1
3. 1

11.5
2.0
4. 4

0.5
2.7
2.0

$
$
$
$
$

1. 75
1 . 80
1.85
1. 90
1.95

and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
u nd er
u nd er
u nd er
u nd er

$
$
$
$
$

1. 80--------------------- ------ -----—
1 . 85 ----------------------------------------1.90__ -----------------------------------1 . 9 5 ____________________ _
2,00-------------------------------- ------

1. 2
1. 7
2. 1
1. 5
2.0

.6
1.3
1.8
.9
1.3

2.8
2.6
2.8
2.9
3.6

.9
.6
.4
1.2
.8

.4
1.8
3.8
1. 1
3.3

1. 1
.9
2.8
1. 7
2.1

$
$
$
$
$




Men

$ 1. 60 and u nd er $ 1 . 6 5 ------------------------ -------------$ 1 . 6 5 and u nd er $ 1 . 7 0------------------------------------ _
_
$ 1 . 7 0 a nd. und er $ 1 . 7 5 ______________________

120

Total

2.00
2.1 0
2. 20
2. 30
2. 40

and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
u nder
u nd er
u nd er
u nd e r

$
$
$
$
$

2.10______________________
2. 20________________ _____
2. 30______________________
2.40_______________________
2. 50_ _____ _____________
_

5.4
4. 7
4. 5
5 .7
3. 5

3. 1
3.3
2.8
3.9
3.8

10.9
7.9
8.6
9.9
2.8

4.1
2.2
3.0
9.0
2.3

4.6
5.3
3.9
4. 1
3. 7

10.0
5.9
7.2
7.6
4.0

$
$
$
$
$

2. 50
2. 60
2 . 70
2. 80
2. 90

and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
u nd er
u nd er
u nd er
u nder

$
$
$
$
$

2.60___ ______
_____ _
2. 70----------------------------------- —
_ ________ __ _
2.80__ _
2.90----------------------------_
3.00______________________
_

6.2
4.8
3.8
3.9
3.2

6.4
4.8
4. 4
4.9
4. 1

5.8
4.9
2. 5
1.3
1.2

10.8
3. 5
4. 2
2.6
3. 2

5.2
3.8
3.9
2. 7
3.6

4.5
4.3
2.6
5.7
3.5

$
$
$
$
$

3.00
3.10
3. 20
3. 30
3. 40

and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
u nd er
u nd er
u nd er
u nd er

$
$
$
$
$

3 . 1 0______________________
3. 20______________________
3. 30_______________ _
_ —
3. 40_
_ _
_ _____ ______ _
3. 50_____________ ________

3.9
4. 5
4. 5
3.6
3. 1

5.1
5.9
6.0
5.0
4. 4

1. 3
1. 2
.8
.2
.2

8.3
6. 1
6. 1
3.8
4.2

2. 7
3.9
3.2
3.2
1. 7

3.4
3.5
4.0
3.5
4.4

$
$
$
$
$

3. 50
3. 60
3 . 70
3. 80
3. 90

and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
u nd er
u nd er
u nd er
u nd er

$
$
$
$
$

3.60_____________________ _
3.70______ _____ ________
3.80- ______ __________
_
3.90_______ _____________ _
4.00________ ____________

2.9
1.9
2.0
1.8
1.3

4.0
2. 7
2.8
2. 5
1.8

.4
.1
.1
.1
.2

3.3
2.3
1.8
2.3
1.7

2. 4
1.7
1. 7
1.6
1. 1

2.8
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.0

$ 4.0 0
$ 4.10
$ 4.20
$4.30
$4.40

and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
u nd er
u n d er
u nd er
u nd er

$ 4 . 1 0 ___ __________ _ __ _
_
_
$ 4. 20_______
__
__
____
$ 4. 30____ ________________
$ 4 . 4 0 ______
_
____ __
$ 4. 5 0_______________

.9
.9
.9
.7
.5

1.3
1. 2
1.3
1.0
.7

.1
_
_

.9
1.8

1.0
.6

.3

1. 2
.7

1.2
' .7
.4

$ 4 . 5 0 and o v e r . .
Total

_
_

_ —

____
_
_

_
_

____

_______

—

___________

B ecau se

o f ro u n d in g ,

sum s

12, 530
$ 2 . 73

o f in d iv id u a l i t e m s

-

.5

.8

3.8

JOO.O

100.0

100.0

2, 7 7 4
$ 2.83

3,986
$ 2. 64

2,96 7
$ 2.68

3, 709
$ 2.14

hol id ay s,

not equ al

.8

(3 )

8, 821
$ 2. 98

m ay

.8
.2
.1

10 .0
0

3. 4

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y for o v e r t i m e and f or w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
I n c l u d e s d at a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d i ti on to t h o s e sh o wn s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t han 0.05 p e r c e n t .

NO TE:

.1

10 .0
0

100.0

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s __—_____ ____________ _
_
A v e r a g e hourly e a r n i n g s 1- _
_ ______ _ _

1
2
3

2.4

Wo men

M a r c h 1970)

100.

and l a t e

shifts.

1.6

Table 72. Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products: Occupational averages
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ,

U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

Uni ted S t a t e s 2
Se x,

department,

and o c c u p a t i o n
workers

Wi nd ing and c u tt i ng :
C u t t e r o p e r a t o r s , t u b e ____
_
_
___
M en .. _ _
_________
_
_____
W o m e n _ ______
_ _
_
_
_ ___
S p iral-tu b e-w in d in g-m achin e o p e r a to r s ,
t u b u l a r p r o d u c t s ( s e t up and o p e r a t e )
(588 m e n , 34 w o m e n ) ______ _ _ ____
S p iral-tu b e-w in d in g-m achin e o p e r a to r s ,
t u b u l a r p r o d u c t s ( o p e r a t e onl y)
(235 m e n , 55 w o m e n ) _____ _
_ _____
S t r a i g h t - w i n d e r o p e r a t o r s ( s e t up and
o p e r a t e ) ( 15 0 m e n , 2 w o m e n ) -----------------S l i t t e r o p e r a t o r s ( a l l m e n ) --------------------------------

121

A s se mblin g:
A s s e m b l e r s , t u b e , ha nd ( c a p p e r s ) _____
__
Men. _ __ _ _
_
_
_ _____
_ _ __.
_
___
_ _ _ _
___________ _
W o m e n ___ _ _ _ _ _ _
A s s e m b l e r s , tube, m a c hin e (c r i m p e r s
_
_
_
and s e a m e r s ) __ ______ _ ____ __ _ _ _
M e n ____ _ _ _ ______ _ _ _ _ __________
_
W o m e n __
____ _______________
__
M iscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s A (a ll m e n ) _
A d j u s t e r s , m a c h i n e , c l a s s B ( a ll m e n ) ____
B a l e r s ( a ll m e n ) __________ _ _
_ _
_
Bundlers-packers
_____ ____ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_
Men
_ ____ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _
_
_
_ _ _ ___
_
_
Wo men _
___________ __ _ _______
_
C a t c h e r s (298 m e n , 141 w o m e n ) _ _ _
_
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e (al l m e n ) . _ _
_ _
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
( 1 32 m e n , 8 w o m e n ) ______ ______________
M a i n t e n a n c e m e n , g e n e r a l u t i l i t y ( a ll me n) . . .
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ( 18 7 m e n ,
1 w o m a n ) __________ _ ______ _____________
F o r m i n g - p r e s s o p e r a t o r s __________ ______ _
M e n --------- --------------------------- --------- -----------------W o m e n ___________ _____ _________ _
_
_
S h ip p i n g c l e r k s (al l m e n ) __________________
S h i p pi n g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
(78 m e n , 9 w o m e n ) ______________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s (a ll m e n ) 4____________________
O t h e r t h an s e m i - or t r a i l e r (al l m e n ) ____
S e m i - o r t r a i l e r ___ _________ ____________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r kl i f t ) ( 21 6 m e n ,
1 w o m a n ) _ _______ _ ____ ________________

1
2
3
4

Mi ddle Atlantic

709
391
318

$2.39
2.56
2. 1 6

$2.20
2. 5 3
2.16

$ 1.9 8- $2 .61
1. 95— 3. 1 6
2 . 0 6 - 2. 23

168
122
46

$2. 81
3.03
2. 22

$2.64
3.19
2.06

622

2.85

2. 70

2. 45— 3. 10

119

3. 10

3.03

290

2.65

2. 55

2. 36— 2.85

_

_

152
172

3. 24
2. 93

3. 24
2.80

2.722.65-

3. 72
3.18

40
49

3. 10
3.00

2. 81
2. 85

2.742.72-

3.68
3.19

53
26

2.95
2. 52

2.71
2. 44

2 . 5 9 - 3.40
2. 26— 2. 65

558
154
404

1.90
2.08
1. 82

1. 81
1. 85
1. 70

1.6 0- 2. 11
1 . 8 5 - 2.40
1.6 0— ' 1. 96

94

2. 21
_
2.02

2. 25
_

1.90_

2. 55
_

68

2.00

1. 84 -

2. 25

254
_
_

1 . 72
_
_

1.60
_
_

1. 60_
_

608
56
552

2.09
3.05
1. 99

2.00
3.06
1. 95

1.702. 881.70-

2. 24
3. 44
2. 24

112
24
88

2. 32
3.01
2.13

2.19
2. 97
2.11

2.002.8 42.00-

2. 33
3.22
2. 33

238
_

1.73
_

1. 65
_

1.65_

238

1.73

1. 65

1. 65 — 1. 70

141
66
90
460
226
234
439
51

3.40
2.93
2. 57
2.13
2.19
2.07
2 . 74
4.08

3. 37
3.02
2.40
2.00
2.00
2.00
2. 71
4.12

3.222. 49 2.151. 85—
1. 85—
1 . 81 —
2.40—
3.54-

3 . 74
3.40
2. 87
2.30
2.70
2. 26
2. 97
4. 61

16
7
24
46
34

3. 24
2. 38
2. 52
2.18
2.17

3.11
_
2. 52
2. 10
2.00

4.13
_
2. 83
2.66
2.71

17
_

3 . 14
-

3.02
_

2.69_
2.351.811.75—
_
2. 83_

140
156

2. 35
3.07

2.40
3.09

2 . 0 0 - 2.60
2. 75 — 3.50

18
30

2.74
3. 22

2.89
3.03

2.4 83.03-

188
349
129
220
27

3.84
2 . 71
3. 10
2. 48
3.14

3. 79
2. 64
3. 22
2. 50
3 . 10

3.30 2. 302.752. 302. 86-

4. 30
3.02
3. 72
2. 64
3.62

29
88
43
45
8

3. 73
2. 5 4
2.60
2. 49
3.04

87
252
120
1 18

2.90
2. 94
2. 94
2. 93

2. 81
3.00
3.00
3.00

2. 74—
2.6 42.65—
2.51—

3.03
3. 10
3. 10
3.04

20
80
44

3.03
2. 97
2.90

217

2. 97

2. 86

2.31-

3. 47

29

-

-

D a s h e s in d ic a t e no d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta th a t do n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .




Great Lakes

H o ur l y e a r n i n g s 1
Hourly earni ng s 1
Hourly earni ng s 1
H ou r l y e a r n i n g s 1
OI
OI
M e a n 3 M e di a n 3M i d d l e r a n g e 3 w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M e d i a n 3 M i d d l e r a n g e 3 w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M e d i a n 3 M i d d l e r a n g e 3 w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M e d i a n 3 M i d d l e r a n g e 3

-

-

-

-

-

2. 91

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f or o v e r t i m e and f or w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e s ho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
S e e a p p e n d i x A f o r m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u t e m e a n s , m e d i a n s , and m i d d l e r a n g e s of e a r n i n g s .
I n c l u d e s d r i v e r s w ho o p e r a t e m o r e t han one t y p e of t r u c k and a r e not sh o wn s e p a r a t e l y .

NO TE:

M a r c h 1970)

_

$2 .40— $3.41
2 . 5 5 - 3.41
2 . 0 1 - 2.50

2.80-

_

3. 24

_

179
134
45

$2.06
2.05
2 . 10

$ 1. 9 5
1. 95
2. 20

$1.80-$ 2.20
1 . 7 3 — 2.08
1 . 9 1 - 2. 20

152
58
94

$2.45
2.84
2.20

$2. 51
2. 79
2. 24

17 1

2. 44

2.40

2 . 1 5 — 2. 5 4

225

2.86

2.83

2.50-

105

2.84

2.86

2.40-

3.26

19
57

3.82
3.09

3.76
3.05

3. 532.6 5-

4.02
3.20

1. 85
_
_

77
_

2.00
_

1.95

1. 70 _

2.12
_

77

2.00

1.95

1. 70 -

2.12

1 . 70
_

194
20
174

2. 27
3.17
2.16

2. 24
3.21
2.24

1.9 5— 2.30
2.8 8— 3.44
1. 95— 2. 24

41
32
21
121
_

3.42
3.04
2. 64
2. 21
_

3.36
3.26
2. 37
2.19
_

3. 27 2. 92 1. 95—
1.95—
_

3. 74
3.40
2.88
2.30
_

96
_

2. 11
_

2.19

3.80

_

1.9 4_
_

2.26

9

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_
_

$1.99-$2.66
2 . 6 1 - 2.88
1 . 9 5 - 2. 51

3.08

3. 37
_

14
19
193
151
42
_
_

3.13
2.09
2. 05
2.08
1. 95
_
_

2. 17
1. 98
2.00
1.86
_
_

2.001.811.781.81_
_

2. 20
2. 20
2.20
2.20
_
_

2. 97
3.48

47
43

2.04
2. 68

1. 96
2. 68

1.782.39-

2. 31
3.11

38
44

2. 39
3. 27

2.35
3.34

2.053.14-

2. 61
3. 53

3.48
2. 50
2. 78
2. 50
_

3 . 3 0 - 4. 30
2 . 4 9 - 2 . 78
1.6 0- 3.17
2 . 5 0 - 2. 50
_
_

_
14
12
_
_

_
2. 33
2. 34
.
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

15
121
28
93
10

3. 55
2. 58
3. 51
2.30
2. 85

3. 54
2.30
3.42
2.30

3.54^
2.302.982.30-

3.54
2.40
4.36
2. 34

3.03
3.01
2. 65

3.002.652.65_

3.11
3.04
2.85

8
78
44
24

2. 53
2.79
2.86
2 . 73

_

_

_

2.75
3. 10
2.73

2. 602.6 92. 4 4 -

3. 10
3. 10
2. 91

23
46
15
27

3. 1 6
2.96
3.32
2. 63

2.83
2. 55
3.80
2.50

2. 382.502. 62 2.50-

3.62
3.80
3.90
2. 75

2. 68-

3. 10

99

2.82

2 . 55

2.31-

3. 47

41

3.08

2 . 79

2. 25 -

3.35

-

-

2. 99

M edians

-

-

and m i d d l e

ran ge s

are

not p r o v i d e d

f or j o b s

w it h f e w e r

t ha n

_

15 w o r k e r s

_

_
_

in a r eg i on .

Table 73. Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products: Method of wage payment

Table 74. Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products: Scheduled weekly hours

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1 97 0)

M e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t

1

United
States 2

( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s , 1
U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 197 0)
Middle
Atla nt ic

So ut he a st

Great
Lakes

U ni t e d
St ates 2

W eek ly hours 1

Mi ddle
Atla nti c

Southeast

Grea t
Lakes

Pr od u cti on w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s ____ _______

_________ ____

10
0

122

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s ___ _____
_____ ________
F o r m a l p l a n s ------------------------------- -----------------S i n g l e r a t e ____________________________
R a n g e of r a t e s ________________________
I n d i v i d u a l r a t e s -------------------------------------------------

6
6

I n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ____________ _ ___________
_
I n d i v i d u a l p i e c e w o r k ------- _ ------------ ------- -_
G r o u p p i e c e w o r k ---------------------------------------------I n d i v i d u a l b o n u s -----------------------------------------------G r o u p b o n u s --- --------------------- -- ------------— __
_

34
3
19

50
34
16
16

12

10
0

10
0

56
41
32
9
15

58
34

44

42

12

3
29

21
13
24

2
-

39

10
0
79
79
40
39
-

A ll w orkers—

_ __
_

_____

_

_______

40 h o u r s . . .
_ _ ----------- -----------------45 h o u r s ____ _
___ _________
.
_ „ _ _
_
_
_
___ __
_
_
__
_ —
48 h o u r s _ ____
49 h o u r s -----— _ ------—_ . . . ____ ____
_
_ __ —
_
___________
52 h o u r s _
5 7 3 h o u r s _ „ _ ------------/4
_
_ ____ _______

100

100

100

75
4
16
2
2
1

93

54
_

81
8
7

21
12

_
-

46
.

_

.

7
-

-

5

_

O ff ic e w o rk e r s

-

A l l w o r k e r s ______

_ ___ ____ __________
_

100

100

100

20
10
70

3
23
75

72
_

100

9
35 h o u r s _______________
— ______
______
3 7V2 h o u r s ----------------------------- -----. . _
_
40 h o u r s ____ _ _______ _____ _ — ___
_

1
2

100

28

6
94

F o r d e f i n i t i o n of m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t , s e e a p pe n di x A .
I n c l u d e s d at a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d i n g ,




s u m s of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y not e q ua l t o t a l s .

1 D a t a r e l a t e t o t h e p r e d o m i n a n t w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r f u l l - t i m e d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s in ea c h
esta blish m en t.
2 I n c l u d e s d at a f o r r e g i o n s in a dd i ti on t o t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
N G im

r e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,

s u m s o f i n d iv id u a l i t e m s m a y n o t e q u a l iOO.

Table 75. Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products: Shift differential provisions

Tabic 76. Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products: Shift differential practices

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y shi f t d i f f e r e n t i a l p r o v i s i o n s , 1
U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s on l a t e s h i f t s b y a m o u n t of shi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

U ni t e d
States 2
3

Sh if t d i f f e r e n t i a l

Middle
At lantic

Southeast

Great
Lakes

U nited
S tates 1

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d s h if t

W o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on s e c o n d shift.
R e c e i v i n g s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ________
_____
U n i f o r m c e n t s p e r h o u r _____ ____________
5 c e n t s — _____
_____________
7 c e n t s ____ _
___
- ______
8 c e n t s ________________ . _ __________
10 c e n t s _____ ___________________________
12 c e n t s . _____ ____________ _ _____
13 c e n t s ___ _________ _ ____ ____ ______
14 c e n t s ___________ _
„ ____ ____
__
15 c e n t s ______ .
_______ __________
U niform p ercen ta g e
10 p e r c e n t _______ _ . ________ _ _____
R e c e i v i n g n o s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a ] _______________

20.1

20
.8
20
.8

Southeast

Great
Lakes

S econd shift

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g
second-shift provisions
- _
___
____ _
W i t h s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l ____
______
___
U n i fo r m cents pe r hour _ _
_
____________
. _ _
5 cent s_ .
.
7 c e n t s ____ __________ _ _ _____ __
8 c e n t s _ - - __ - _
9 cents
____ _
_____ ____
___ _______ _
10 c e n t s —. - _ 12 c e n t s _______ _ ___ _______ ____
1272 c e n t s __ __ __________
__
________
13 c e n t s ____ ________ .
14 c e n t s — .
. _____
_ ____
_
_
15 c e n t s _
_ _______
_
_
_ _______
Uniform percentage .
__
_
.
10 p e r c e n t __ - ___ ______ „ _ ____
W it h no s hi f t d i f f e r e n t i a L _
_ __

M iddle
A tlantic

8 1.9
76.3
75.0
15.6
18.9

2.0
1.2

2 7. 2
4. 2

.6
.8

1.3
3.0
1.3
1.3
5.6

70.6
70.6
64.7
25.4
-

_
_
39.3
_
_
_
.
5.8
5.8
-

84.2
66.7
6 6 .7
9.8
46 .2
6. 4
_
4. 3
_
_
_
_
_
-

17 .6

10 .0
0
10 .0
0
10 .0
0
24.3
9.4
_
_
45 . 5
4. 4
2.7
3.6
5.6
4. 5
_

123

69.5
65. 2
61.5
.5
4.5

45.3
45.3
39.4
_
_

10
.6
20
.2

23.1

3.7
1.3

10.5
_
_
_

6.2
2
.0
1.3

.8
1.8
3.4
5.1
1.3
1.3
32.4
4.3

-

5.9
_
5.8
5.8
-

7 7. 6
6 4 .1
64 .1
1.7
_
5.5
50. 5
_
_
6. 4
_
_
_
-

80.3
80.3
80.3
_
1 9. 1
10.9
2.7
5.8
5.6
4. 6
_
_
3.6
_
14.5
13. 5
_

13. 5

1 R e f e r s t o p o l i c i e s of p l a n t s e i t h e r o p e r a t i n g l a t e shi fts or h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g
late shifts.
2 I n c l u d e s d at a f o r r e g i o n s in a dd it io n t o t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
3 C o m b i n a t i o n p la n s p r o v i d i n g f u ll d a y ' s p a y fo r r ed u c e d h o u r s pl us c e n t s - p e r - h o u r
d iffe ren tial.
NO TE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,




ls

o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

.8

7.2

.8
.1
.6
.2
.5
.5

2.2

18.6
7.4

_

11.2
_
_
_
_

24.6
17.6
17.6
2. 7

10
.8
2.5
1.5

2.2
2.2

.
_
_
_
_

-

7.0

.
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

13. 3
13. 2
13. 2

17 .4
17.4
17 .4
3.8

.6
_

8 .
.0
1.2
.3
2.4

1.0
_
-

T h i r d o r o th e r late shift

-

T h i r d or o t h e r l a t e s hi f t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g t h i r d - or
other l a t e - s h i f t pr o v i s i o n s _ _ .
. .
Wi t h s hi f t d i f f e r e n t i a l
.
_
U n i fo r m cents pe r hour _ _
.
. _
5 c e n t s _ __
_
__
__ _
8 cen ts _ _
__
___ _
_
10 c e n t s . - — _
. _
_ _ _
12 c e n t s . . . __________ _ _ _____
127 c e n t s — _ _ _ ____
2
______
14 c e n t s --------------_ _______
15 c e n t s . . _
_ _
_ _ _____ _ ___
_
16 c e n t s ____ ____________ ________
16 c e n t s ____ ___________________
72
17 c e n t s _____ __________________ ____
18 c e n t s ------ -------------------------------------20 c e n t s —
_______________
______
25 c e n t s _______
__________________
U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _ _ _ ______________
15 p e r c e n t _ ______ ____ __________
_
O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________
W i t h no s hi f t d i f f e r e n t i a l ________
________

1 7 .9
17.4
3.4
4.1

W o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on t h i r d o r
___ __
o t h e r l a t e s h i f t _______ ______ _ _ _
R e c e iv in g shift d iffe re n tia l
U niform cents p er hour
8 c e n t s __ __ _ _ _ __
„ _ _ ____
10 c e n t s __________ _ _
____ _____ _
12 c e n t s ___ _ __ _______________ .
18 c e n t s ----_ _________________________
2 c e n t s ________________ _____________
0
________________ ______
25 c e n t s ___ _
........... .. ........... .
O ther
R e c e i v i n g n o s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a ] __________ ____

1
2

6.0
6.0
5.8

.2

.4
4. 0

.1
.6
.4

.2
(2 )

_
.9
12.3

_
_
_
_

.2

I n c l u d e s d at a f or r e g i o n s in add it io n t o t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r ou nd ing ,

s u m s of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y not e qu al t o t a l s .

5.8
5.8
5.8

.8
.4

_
_
2. 7
1.9

Table 77. Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products: Paid holidays
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a i d h o l i d a y s ,
U ni t ed S t a t es and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
U ni t ed
States 1

N u m b e r of p a i d h o l i d a y s

Middle
Atlantic

Southeast

Great
L ak es

Pr od u cti on w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------

124



W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------1 d a y ------------------------------------ ------------------------------4 d a y s p l us 2 h a l f d a y s ___________________
5 d a y s ___________________________________
6 d a y s ___________________________________
6 d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ___________________
7 d a y s ________________ ____ ______________
7 d a y s p l us 1 h a l f d a y --------------------------------------7 d a y s p l us 2 h a l f d a y s ___________________
8 d a y s ___________________________________
8 d a y s p l us 1 h a l f d a y --------------------------------------8 d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ___________________
9 d a y s --------------------------- ------ ------------------------------9 d a y s p l us 1 h a l f d a y _____________________
10 d a y s __________________________________
10 d ay s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y -----------------------------------11 d ay s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y -----------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g no
•paid h o l i d a y s ___________________________ —

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

97

10
0

96

10
0

1
1
8

2
2

5

5
-

-

5

7

4
57
-

1

2
2

34
4
5

2
0
2
3

1

25

6

6
9
-

2
0
33
-

8

-

3

12

3

-

4

7
5
4
4
29
15

2
2
2
7

6
"

O ff ic e w o rk e rs
A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------4 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------4 d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ___________________
5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ___________________
7 d a y s ------- ------- -------------------------------------------------7 d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y --------------------------------------7 d a y s pl us 2 h a l f d a y s -----------------------------------8 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------8 d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _____________________
9 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------9 d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _______________ ____
10 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------10 day s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y -----------------------------------11 d a y s p l us 1 h a l f d a y ------------------------------------

1
2

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0
1
1

10
0

10
0
2
2
12

10
0

3
3
(2 )
7

2
6

45
3
19

2
5

1

4

In c lu d es d at a f o r r e g i o n s i n a d d i t io n to t h o s e sh o wn s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t h an 0.5 p e r c e n t .

NO TE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,

s u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m a y n o t e q u a l 100.

-

2
-

12
8
18
4
32
5
-

2
0

3
3
78
-

5
-

6
-

6
19
13
35
-

-

11

-

4

Table 78. Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products: Paid vacations
( P e r c e n t of p r o d uc t i on and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a i d v a c a t i o n s ,
U ni t ed S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
U ni t ed
States 1

Vacation p olic y

Middle
At la ntic

!
-----------------------| Southeast

G re a t
Lakes

Uni t ed
States 1

Pr od uction w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________

Middle
Atla nt ic

S o u t he a st

Gre at
Lakes

O ff ic e w o r k e r s

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

99
84
15

10
0

98

10
0

10
0

78

99

10
0
10
0

.

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0
10
0

Me th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
pa id v a c a t i o n s _____________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ______________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no pa id v a c a t i o n s __________________________

A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y

125



6
-

8
6
12
2

2
2
-

1

-

98

_

2

-

-

-

2
1

51
4
46

_

2

A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e :
U nd e r 1 w e e k _____________________________
1 w e e k . ___ ______________________________
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________
A f t e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
U n d er 1 w e e k _____________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________
A f t e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
Un d er 1 w e e k . ____ _______________________
1 w e e k _________________ _________________
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ________________
2 w e e k s __________ ____________ _________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________ ___ _____
A f t e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ___ _ _____ ______________ ________
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ________________
2 w e e k s __________ ______________________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________
3 w e e k s _____________________ ___________
A f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ___ _______________________ ______
2 w e e k s _________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ________________
A f t e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ___________________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------- ------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------3 w e e k s ___ _ ___________________________
_
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ___ _____ _______
4 w e e k s ________ ____ ________ ____________
O v e r 4 and u nd er 5 w e e k s ________________

S e e fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e .

1

94

1
74

6-

16

2
50

11

35

1

2
2
1
8
49
18
7

_
91
9
_
83
17
_
_
29
9
63
.

_

-

.

73
18

97
3

1

7
24

2
2
43

2

7
14
-

60

2

14

2

-

32
65
3

3
44
_

_

_

_

92

46

3

41
3
56

50
3
48

7
27
_

51
27

64
_
7
13
_
31
46
13
_
39
46
.
13
28
46

11

6
_

2
2

_
_

25

2
1
45

8

_
_
92

8

_
_

21
23
51

.

6

13
.

13
27
_

_

67
16
3

52
-

6

12

_

65
4
14

6

_
18
4
78
_

79

_
33
7

6
0

_

9
91

18
4
78

_
4
3
71

2
2
1
1

4

_

96

_
_

65
24

96
3

(3 )
18
29
51

10

1

(3 )

10
1
6
6
2
2
2

3

2
23
72

7
4
84
4

1
2
25
72

96
4

24
3
73

23
74
3

28
16
53
4

13
3
73
_

18

2

_
_
_

11

_
_

_

_

_

81

2

8
54
4
33

Table 78. Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products: Paid vacations----Continued
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s wi th f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a i d v a c a t i o n s ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

Vac atio n po licy

U ni t e d
States 1

Mi ddle
At la ntic

Southeast

G re at
Lakes

U ni t ed
States 1

Middle
Atlantic

Southeast

Grea t
L ak es

O f f i c e w o r k e r s— C o n t i n u e d

P r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ----C o n ti n u e d
A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y 2— C o n t i nu e d

126



A f t e r 20 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k -------------- ------------------------ -- ------ 2 w e e k s . . . -- - - - -------------------------- ---------3 wee ks _ --------- ----------- —
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ---------------------___ - - ............... ....... ...
— ---- — —
4 wee ks
O v e r 4 and u nd er 5 w e e k s
------- ---------5 w ee ks - - - - - — — -------- -A f t e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :4
1 w e e k __________________________________
2 w e e k s ---------------- -------------------------------------------3 w eeks
_ - -------- - — ---------------------- _
O v e r 3 and und er 4 w e e k s
---- ---------- --------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u nd er 5 w e e k s — ---- -- —
-------5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

(3 )

13
42
42
3
-

7
14
13
15
38
3

13
17
67
-

7
14
25
17
34

2

8

3

13
27

6

46

6
-

13
27

6

46

6
-

-

(3 )

12

10

26

19
23
46
-

-

55

6
2
-

12
11

1

(3 )

10

72
4
-

13

18

16

12

36

3
72
-

54

2
2

15

14

8

13
17
3
67
-

1

18

6

6

72
4
-

-

8
40
50
-

2
-

8

31
38
4
19

1 I n c l u d e s d at a f o r r e g i on s i n a d d it io n to t h o s e s h o wn s e p a r a t e l y .
2 V a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , su ch a s p e r c e n t of a nnu al e a r n i n g s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u i v a l e n t t i m e b a s i s . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s i n d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s m a y i n c l u de
c h a n g e s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
3 L e s s t h an 0.5 p e r c e n t .
4 V a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s w e r e v i r t u a l l y the s a m e a f t e r l o n g e r p e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e , e x c e p t t hat 46 p e r c e n t of t he p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s and 72 p e r c e n t of
the
o f f i c e w o r k e r s in t he S o ut h e a s t w e r e in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g o v e r 4 and u nd er 5 w e e k s of v a c a t i o n p a y a f t e r 30 y e a r s of s e r v i c e .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l i t e m s m a y n o t e q u a l 1 00.

Table 79. Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products: Health, insurance, and retirement plans
( P e r c e n t of p r od u ct io n and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i th s p e c i f i e d h e a l t h ,
U ni t ed S t a t es and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)
U ni t e d
States 2

T y p e of p l a n 1

Middle
At lanti c

insu ran ce,

Southeast

and r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s ,

Great
Lake s

U ni t ed
States 2

Middle
Atlantic

P r o d uc t i o n w o r k e r s
A l l w o r k e r s ___ - _____________________

127



_
_

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _________________
A c c i d e n t a l deat h and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e _______________________ _______
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e or
s i c k l e a v e or both 3_____________________
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e -------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -------------------------S i c k l e a v e (full p a y , no w a i t i n g
p e r i o d ) _____________________________
S i c k l e a v e ( p ar t ia l p a y or w a i t i n g
p e r i o d ) _____________________________
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _________________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _________._________ _ _
_
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s . ™ _________ __ _
_
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------- —
N o n c o n t r l b u t o r y p l a n s __________ ______
R e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 4 — ------------------- ------------ -- ----_ _
_
_
P e n s ion s— _____ - _ __ ______ ____
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ---------------------- S e v e r a n c e p ay_____ ____ ____
_____ _
No p la n s
------------------- --- ------- .----- „
---- — _

S o ut he a st

G re at
L ak es

O ff ic e w o r k e r s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

94
52

94
74

97
19

90

95
47

92
73

99

68

8

85
45

73
54

56
43

88
56

81
69

76
53

58
44

97
78

81
44

72

72
65
49

65
65
9

79
79
64

84
71
26

79
73
60

82
82

38

1

83
79
39

2

8

-

30

8

6

34

5
98
57
98
56

7

-

-

2

-

-

100
88

100
22
100
22

100

(5 )
97
50
96
48
93
46
77
37
74
74
51
7

92
73
85

100
8
100
8

100

66

97
85
75
63
44
40

75

100

50
65
34
63
63
41

75
93

21

68

91
55
55
7

55
37
60
60
55

-

'

89

54

88

-

-

68
68

2

21

66
83
64
61
52
74
74
60
-

2

94
5
95
5
81
81
-

8

65

100
65
95
60
78
43
48
48
45
-

8

1 In c lu d es onl y t h o s e pl a ns for w h i c h the e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t p a r t of the c o s t and e x c l u d e s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a ns s u c h as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n
and s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ; h o w e v e r , pl a ns r e q u i r e d b y St at e t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s a r e i n cl u d e d if the e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d or e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e b e n e f i t s e x c e e d i n g the l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s .
" N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s " i n c l u de o n l y t h o se p l a ns f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the
em ployer .
2 I nc l ud es data f o r r e g i o n s in a dd i ti on to t ho se s h o wn s e p a r a t e l y .
3 U n d up l i c at e d t ot al of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e or s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o wn s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d up li c at ed t ot al of w o r k e r s in p l a nt s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s f o r p e n s i o n s or r e t i r e m e n t s e v e r a n c e p a y sh o wn s e p e r a t e l y .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .

Table 80. Fiber cans, tubes, drums, and similar products: Other selected benefits
( P e r c e n t of p ro d u c ti o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r f u n e r a l l e a v e p a y and j u r y d ut y p a y ,
U ni t ed S t a t e s and r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1970)

T y p e of b e n e f i t 1

U ni t e d
States 2

Middle
At lanti c

Southeast

Great
Lakes

U ni t ed
St at e s 2

P r o d u ct i o n w o r k e r s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i th
p r o v i s i o n s for;
F u n e r a l l e a v e pay_______ _ _______ ____
J u r y duty p a y —----------------------------------- _

77
72

F o r d ef ini t ion of b e n e f i t s , s e e a p pe n di x A.
I nc l ud es dat a f o r r e g i o n s in a dd i ti on to t h o s e

70
64

s ho wn

separ atel y.

63
76

Middle
Atla ntic

S o u th e as t

Great
L ak es

O ff ic e w o r k e r s

85
80

81
69

45
38

87

88

81
80




Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey
Scope of survey

Method of study

The su r v e y in c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ­
ily en gaged in m a n u factu rin g p a p erb o a rd c o n ­
ta in e r s and b o x e s (in d u stry group 265 as d e ­
fin ed in the 1967 ed itio n of the Standard In d u str ia l C la s s ific a tio n Manual prepared by the U.S.
O ffice of M anagem ent and B u d get, p r e v io u s ly
the U .S. B u rea u of the B ud get). E x c e p t for
p. 1—5, the b u lle tin is d ivid ed into fiv e p a r ts.
P a r t I. F old in g P a p erb o a rd B o x es— in c lu d e s
data fo r e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily en gaged in
m an u factu rin g fold in g p ap erb oard b o x es fro m
p u rch a sed p a p erb o a rd (in d u stry 2651).
P a rt II. Setup P a p erb o a rd B o x es— in clu d es
data for e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily en gaged in
m an u factu rin g setu p p a p erb oard b o x es fro m
p u rch a se d p a p erb oard (in d u stry 2652).
P a rt III. C o rru g a ted and S olid Fiber B o x es—
in c lu d e s data fo r e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily e n ­
gaged in m an u fa ctu rin g c o rru g a ted and so lid
fib er b o x e s and r e la te d p ro d u cts fro m p u r­
ch a sed p ap erb o a rd o f fib e r sto c k . Im portant
p rod u cts of th is in d u stry (2653) in clu d e c o r ­
rugated and s o lid fib erb o a rd b o x e s, p a d s, p a r ­
titio n s , d i s p l a y it e m s , p a lle t s , s in g le -fa c e
p ro d u cts, and c o rru g a ted s h e e ts .
P a r t IV. S a n ita ry Food C o n ta in ers—in c lu d e s
data fo r e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily en gaged in
m an u factu rin g food c o n ta in e r s fro m s p e c ia l
food board . Im portant p ro d u cts of th is in d u stry
(2654) in clu d e flu id m ilk c o n ta in e r s; fold in g
p a ra ffin ed c a r to n s for bu tter; ic e c r e a m and
fr o z e n food c o n ta in e r s; liq u id tigh t co n ta in e r s;
round n e s te d food c o n ta in e r s; cups for hot or
co ld d rin k s; and p a ils for food and ic e c r e a m .
P a r t V. F ib e r C an s, T u b es, D ru m s, and
S im ila r P r o d u c ts— in c lu d e s d a t a for e s ta b ­
lish m e n ts p r im a r ily en gaged in m a n u factu rin g
fib e r c a n s , c o n e s , d r u m s, and s im ila r p r o d ­
u c ts w ith or w ithout m e ta l en d s, fro m p u r­
ch a sed m a te r ia ls ; and v u lc a n iz e d fib e r b o x es
(in d u stry 2655).
S ep ara te a u x ilia r y u n i t s such as c e n tr a l
o ffic e s w e r e ex clu d ed fr o m the su r v e y . The
e sta b lish m e n ts stu d ied w e r e s e le c t e d fro m
th o se em p lo y in g 20 w o r k e r s or m o r e at the
tim e of r e fe r e n c e of the data u se d to co m p ile
the u n iv e r s e l i s t s .
The num ber of e s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s
stu d ied by the B u reau , a s w e ll a s the num ber
e stim a te d to be w ithin sco p e of the su r v e y
during the p a y r o ll p erio d stu d ied , is shown
in tab le A - 1.

Data w ere obtained by p e r so n a l v is it s of
the B u r e a u ’s fie ld sta ff. The su r v e y w as co n ­
ducted on a sa m p le b a s is . To obtain ap p ro­
p ria te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a te r
p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e rath er than sm a ll e s ta b ­
lish m e n ts w as stu d ied . In com bining the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ere ’g iven th eir
ap p rop riate w eigh t. A ll e s tim a te s a re p r e ­
sen ted , th e r e fo r e , a s re la tin g to a ll e s ta b ­
lish m e n ts in the in d u s tr ie s , exclu d in g only
th o se b elo w the m in im u m s iz e at the tim e of
r e fe r e n c e of the u n iv e r s e data.




Establishment definition

An e sta b lish m e n t, fo r purposes of th is study,
is d efin ed a s a sin g le p h y sic a l lo ca tio n w h ere
in d u str ia l o p era tio n s a re p e rfo rm ed . An e s ­
ta b lish m e n t is not n e c e s s a r ily id e n tic a l with
the com pany, w hich m a y c o n s is t of one or
m o r e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
Employment

E s tim a te s of the num ber of w o rk ers w ithin
sco p e of the study a re intended a s a g e n e r a l
guide to the s iz e and co m p o sitio n of the labor
fo r c e in clu d ed in the su r v e y .
The advance
planning n e c e s s a r y to m ake a w age su r v e y
r e q u ir e s the u se of the li s t s of e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts a s s e m b le d c o n sid e r a b ly in ad vance of
the p a y r o ll p erio d stu d ied .
Production and officeworkers

The te r m ’’p rod u ction w o r k e r s, " as u sed
in t h i s b u lletin , in c lu d e s w orking fo rem en
and a ll n o n su p e r v iso r y w o rk ers en gaged in
n o n office fu n ctio n s.
A d m in istr a tiv e , e x e c u ­
t iv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l p e r so n n e l and
fo r c e -a c c o u n t co n str u c tio n e m p lo y e e s , w h o
w ere u tiliz e d as a se p a r a te w ork fo r c e on the
f ir m ’s own p r o p e r tie s , w ere ex clu d ed .
The te r m ‘'o ffic e w o r k e r s ," i n c l u d e s a ll
n o n su p e r v iso r y o ffic e w o r k e r s and e x c l u d e s
a d m in istr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and
te c h n ic a l e m p lo y e e s .
Occupations selected for study

O ccu p ation al c la s s ific a tio n w as b a sed on a
u n iform s e t of job d e sc r ip tio n s d esig n ed to
take accou n t o f in ter e sta b lish m e n t and in te r ­
a r e a v a r ia tio n s in d u ties w ithin the sa m e job.
(See appendix B for th e s e d e s c r ip tio n s .) The
o ccu p a tio n s w e r e ch o sen for th e ir n u m e r ic a l

129

T a b l e A - l . E s t i m a t e d n u m b e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d i e d ,
p a p e r b o a r d c o n t a i n e r s and b o x e s m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , M a r c h 1 970
Nu m b er of e s ta b lis h m e n ts 3
Industry branch,

r e g i o n , 1 an d a r e a 2

All establishm en ts:
U n i t e d S t a t e s 5 __ _
------ ------ —
------------------------------N e w England-_ . - - --------------------- ---------------_ — - Middle A tlan tic _
B order States.
- — ------------------ _ ----- ----Southeast
---------- ---- ----------- — -----Southwest .
- ------------— - G reat L akes
. . .
- __ _
. _ ---------------- ------Middle W est
_
.
— ___ ______________ _ —
P a cific
_
------------- ------ _ ---------------------------

W ith in
s c o p e of
survey

A ctu ally
studied

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
A ctu ally
studied

W ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y
T otal4

Production
workers

O fficeworkers

Total

1,699
161
454
80
227
84
445
95
137

789
78
201
41
104
42
192
49
77

191,901
15,664
4 8 , 304
11,830
27,067
9, 048
52,268
12,568
14,033

149,333
12,427
38, 118
9, 0 13
21,349
7,0 7 4
39,961
9, 7 2 9
10, 77 3

17,563
1, 321
4 , 22 4
1, 146
2, 27 4
718
5, 199
1, 172
1,4 0 7

122,786
10,676
30,135
7, 2 59
16,773
6,0 1 0
32,020
9, 086
10,422

3 54
30
9
107
30
23
15
13
43
15
95
29
21
28

182
22
9
51
14
14
.11
9
22
10
39
17
12
15

40,2 8 4
4,0 8 9
1, 191
11,733
2, 54 0
2,422
3, 045
2, 51 3
5, 138
1,725
9, 869
3, 265
2,229
2,456

32,040
3,204
910
9, 401
2, 02 9
1, 972
2, 517
2, 061
3,985
1, 38 9
7, 7 7 6
2, 58 0
1,795
1,973

3,499
375
90
1,047
20 5
190
24 3
216
44 7
123
893
313
190
181

2 8 ,394
3, 385
1,191
7, 740
1,790
1,999
2, 327
1,795
3,797
1,488
6,2 5 8
2, 772
1,755
1,644

16

10

1, 335

1,059

90

1, 122

288
50
113
43
13
46
38
15
17

124
21
44
19
10
19
19
9
11

17,095
3, 110
6,7 1 9
3, 162
1,064
1,915
2, 6 3 0
865
1,011

14,725
2, 60 2
5, 900
2, 803
947
1,664
2, 2 6 9
73 4
82 9

849
170
307
130
45
72
132
45
71

9, 606
1,974
3, 4 96
1,636
950
879
1,603
642
74 9

793
56
179
22
45
14
28
44
13
92
49
239
62
12
14
53
19
69

356
27
81
12
16
9
19
21
9
38
24
101
29
10
11
24
13
36

9 4 ,562
5,871
20,980
3, 202
3, 55 3
2, 2 2 8
3, 542
5 ,747
1, 307
12, 151
5 ,472
30,385
6, 817
1,311
1,951
5, 629
2, 154
7, 36 4

70,601
4,4 6 2
15,118
2, 33 4
2,777
1,713
2, 64 5
4, 292
971
9,339
4 , 163
2 2 ,283
4, 987
95 0
1,4 7 6
4, 173
1,618
5, 4 1 4

9, 6 4 0
592
2, 0 04
37 8
237
2 28
345
551
118
1, 143
493
3, 373
7 86
137
186
552
2 09
834

5 6 ,039
4 , 005
12,670
1, 921
2, 067
1,571
3, 23 8
2, 818
1,090
6, 194
3, 4 1 4
17,787
4,504
1, 130
1, 88 8
3, 332
1, 881
5 ,453

36
13

19
9

3 ,794
1,315

2, 731
936

46 6
118

3, 144
1,200

S a n i t a r y fo o d c o n t a i n e r s :
U n i t e d S t a t e s 6 -------------------------------------------------------------------------M i d d l e A t l a n t i c . __
_ .
—
— -—
Southeast
.
—
G reat L akes
- - - - - - P a cific _
. . —
------- -------------

118
23
18
32
14

64
12
10
15
11

2 4,365
5 ,5 0 4
2, 99 3
5, 850
2,5 2 4

19,
4,
2,
4,
2,

43 7
325
375
666
01 6

2, 393
641
2 94
534
270

18,
4,
2,
4,
2,

F i b e r c a n s , t u b e s , d r u m s , and s i m i l a r p r o d u c t s :
U n i t e d S t a t e s 6 ----- --------------- ---------- - - - - — -----M id dle Atlantic _ „
- —
Southeast
. . .
.
.
-------------Great L akes
.
. . .
- - - -

146
32
28
41

63
13
15
18

15,595
3, 3 68
4 , 870
3, 5 3 4

12,530
2 ,774
3, 986
2, 967

1, 182
225
31 8
267

10,074
1,8 2 2
3, 802
2, 27 4

Folding paperboard boxes:
United States
.
______ ______ __________ - - — -------N e w E ngland
. .
------- ---- . -------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . — _ . — ---- ------ ------------ - — --------_
--_
------------------------M i d d l e A t l a n t i c -----N ew York, N .Y .
--------_ —
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J _________________________________
-B ord er States
- _
_ _____ _________ B a l t i m o r e , Md
_ __
- - - _
_ _ _
S outheast _
-—
Southwest
. _
Great L akes
_ _ _ _ _ _
. . .
C h i c a g o , 111_____________________________________________
M iddle W e st .
_ _ _ _ ----------- ---P acific - _ _
-_
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e i m —
S an t a Ana—G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f
------------- -----S et u p p a p e r b o a r d b o x e s :
U n i te d S t a t e s 6 _________________________________________________
N ew England.
-----.
.
----- _ --.. __ _
__ __ _______
M iddle A tlantic
__ _
N e w Y o r k , N . Y _________________________________________
P h ilad elp hia, P a .- N .J
— - ---------------------- — -----Southeast _ . .
___
— __ --------- — —G reat Lakes
- - - - - C h i c a g o , 111_____________________________________________
P a cific - - -----C o r r u g a t e d an d s o l i d f i b e r b o x e s :
United S ta tes 5 . —
— ---------- -—
- — N ew England
--------- -M iddle A tlantic
_
- - - -----N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J
~ _
N e w Y o r k , N . Y _________________________________________
P a t e r so n —C l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N . J ----- - ------- P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J _________________________________
B o rd er States
- - _
_ ..
B a l t i m o r e , Md_ - --------- - _ -- - - ------ S outheast . . .
.
- —Southwest
- - ----Great Lakes
- - - - . _~ C h i c a g o , 111
.
Detroit, M ic h — - - - - - - —- ... —
M i l w a u k e e , W is
M iddle W est
_
St. L o u i s , M o . —111..
.
.
--------------------------------P a cific .
.
------ . .
------—
— . - ——
L o s A n g e l e s —L on g B e a c h and A n a h e i m —
S an ta An a —G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f .
Sa n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f ------------------------------------

67 3
407
101
098
226

1 R e g i o n s in t h i s s t u d y i n c l u d e : N e w E n g l a n d — C o n n e c t i c u t , M a i n e , M a s s a c h u s e t t s , N e w H a m p s h i r e , R h o d e I s l a n d , and V e r m o n t ; M i d d l e A t l a n t i c —
N e w J e r s e y , N e w Y o r k , and P e n n s y l v a n i a ; B o r d e r S t a t e s — D e l a w a r e , D i s t r i c t o f C o l u m b i a , K e n t u c k y , M a r y l a n d , V i r g i n i a , and W e s t V i r g i n i a ; S o u t h e a s t —
A l a b a m a , F l o r i d a , G e o r g i a , M i s s i s s i p p i , N o r t h C a r o l i n a , S o ut h C a r o l i n a , an d T e n n e s s e e ; S o u t h w e s t — A r k a n s a s , L o u i s i a n a , O k l a h o m a , and T e x a s ; G r e a t
L a k e s — I l l i n o i s , I n d ia n a, M i c h i g a n , M i n n e s o t a , O hi o, and W i s c o n s i n ; M i d d l e W e s t — I o w a , K a n s a s , M i s s o u r i , N e b r a s k a , N o r t h D a k o t a , and So ut h D a k o ta ;
and P a c i f i c — C a l i f o r n i a , N e v a d a , O r e g o n , and W a s h in g t o n ,
2 F o r d e f i n i t i o n s of s e l e c t e d m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , s e e f o o t n o t e 1 on t a b l e s 6—11; 2 4 - 2 6 ; an d 40 —5 0 .
3 I n c l u d e s o n l y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i th 20 w o r k e r s o r m o r e at t h e t i m e o f r e f e r e n c e o f th e u n i v e r s e d a ta .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e p r o d u c t i o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r th e M o u n t a i n r e g i o n in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y . A l a s k a an d H a w a i i w e r e n ot i n c l u d e d in th e stu dy.
6 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




130’

im p o rta n c e , th e ir u s e fu ln e s s in c o lle c tiv e b a r ­
gain in g, or th e ir r e p r e s e n ta tiv e n e s s of the
e n tire job s c a le in the in d u stry . W orking s u ­
p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n tic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s,
t r a in e e s , and handicapped, p a r t-tim e , te m p o ­
ra ry , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s w e r e not r e ­
p orted in the data for s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s but
w ere in clu d ed in the data fo r a ll p rod u ction
w o r k e r s.

la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c ts, and (2) n o n e
or a m in o r ity of the p r o d u c t i o n w o rk ers
c o v e r e d by la b o r-m a n a g em en t c o n t r a c t s .
Methods of wage payment

T ab u lation s by m eth od o f w age paym ent r e ­
la te to the num ber of w o rk ers paid under
the v a r io u s tim e and in c e n tiv e w age s y s te m s .
F o r m a l rate str u c tu r e s for tim e -r a te d w o rk ­
e r s p rovid e sin g le r a te s or a range of r a te s
for in d ivid u al job c a te g o r ie s . In the a b sen ce
of a fo rm a l rate str u c tu r e , pay r a te s are d e ­
te r m in e d p r im a r ily by the q u a lifica tio n s of the
in d ivid u al w o rk er. A sin g le rate stru ctu re is
one in w hich the sa m e rate is paid to a ll e x ­
p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s in the sa m e job c l a s s i f i c a ­
tio n . L e a r n e r s , a p p r e n tic e s, or p ro b ation ary
w o rk ers m a y be paid a cco rd in g to rate s c h e d ­
u le s w hich sta r t b elow the sin g le rate and p e r ­
m it the w o r k e r s to a c h ie v e the fu ll job rate
o v er a p e r io d of tim e . Individual e x p e r ie n c e d
w o r k e r s o c c a s io n a lly m a y be paid above or
b elow the sin g le rate for sp e c ia l r e a s o n s , but
such p a y m en ts a re reg a rd ed as e x c e p tio n s.
R a n g e -o f-r a te p lan s a re th o se in w hich the
m in im u m a n d /o r m axim u m r a te s paid e x p e r i­
en ced w o r k e r s for the sa m e job a re s p e c ifie d .
S p e c ific r a te s of individual w o rk ers w ithin
the range m a y be d eterm in ed by m e r it, length
of s e r v ic e , or a com b in ation of v a rio u s co n ­
cep ts of m e r it and length o f s e r v ic e . In cen tive
w o rk ers a re c la s s if ie d under p iecew o rk or
bonus p la n s. P ie c e w o r k is w ork for w hich a
p r e d e te r m in e d rate is paid for ea ch unit o f
output. P ro d u ctio n b o n u ses a re b a sed on p r o ­
duction o v er a quota or for co m p letio n of a
ta sk in l e s s than standard tim e .

Wage data

In form ation on w a g es r e la te s to str a ig h ttim e h o u rly e a r n in g s, exclu d in g p rem iu m pay
for o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h o li­
d a y s, and la te sh ifts. In cen tiv e p a y m e n ts, such
a s th o se r e su ltin g fro m p ie c e w o r k o r p ro d u c­
tio n bonus s y s t e m s and c o s t - o f - liv in g b o n u se s,
w ere in clu d ed a s p art of the w o r k e r 's r e g u ­
la r pay; but n onproduction bonus p a y m en ts,
such a s C h r istm a s or y ea ren d b o n u se s, w ere
ex clu d ed .
A v era g e (m ean) h o u rly r a te s or ea rn in g s for
each occu p a tio n or oth er group of w o r k e r s ,
such a s p rod u ction w o r k e r s , w ere c a lc u la te d
by w eigh tin g each ra te (or h o u rly ea rn in g s)
by the num ber of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g the ra te,
to ta lin g , and d ivid in g by the num ber of in d iv id ­
u a ls . The h o u rly e a r n in g s o f s a la r ie d w o r k e r s
w ere obtained by d ivid in g th e ir s tr a ig h t-tim e
sa la r y by n o rm a l ra th er than a ctu a l h o u r s.
The m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o sitio n , that i s ,
o n e -h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e d
m o r e than th is rate and o n e-h a lf r e c e iv e d l e s s .
The m id d le range is d efin ed by tw o r a te s of
pay; o n e -fo u r th of the e m p lo y e e s ea rn ed l e s s
than the lo w er of th e s e r a te s and o n e-fo u rth
ea rn ed m o r e than the h ig h er r a te .

Scheduled weekly hours

Size o f community

Data on w eek ly hours r e fe r to the p r e d o m i­
nant w ork sch ed u le for fu ll-tim e p rod u ction
(or o ffic e ) w o r k e r s em p loyed on the day sh ift,
r e g a r d le s s of s e x .

T ab u lation s by s iz e o f com m u n ity p erta in to
m e tr o p o lita n and n o n m etro p o lita n a r e a s . The
te r m " m etro p o lita n a r e a ," as u se d in th is b u l­
le tin , r e f e r s to the Standard M etro p o lita n S ta ­
t is t ic a l A r e a s a s d efin ed by the U.S. O ffice of
M anagem en t and B udget through January 1968.
E xcep t in N ew E ngland, a Standard M e tr o ­
p olitan S ta tis tic a l A rea is d efin ed a s a county
or group o f con tigu ou s c o u n tie s w hich con tain s
at le a s t one c ity o f 50,000 in h ab itan ts or m o r e .
C ounties con tigu ou s to the one con tain in g such
a c ity a re in clu d ed in the Standard M e tr o ­
p olitan S ta tis tic a l A rea if, a cc o r d in g to c e r ­
tain c r it e r ia , th ey a re e s s e n t ia lly m e tr o p o lita n
in c h a r a c te r and a re s o c ia lly and e c o n o m i­
c a lly in te g r a te d w ith the c e n tr a l c ity . In N ew
England, the c ity and tow n a r e a d m in is tr a ­
tiv e ly m o r e im p o rta n t than the county and th ey
are the u n its u se d in d efin in g Standard M e t­
rop olitan S ta tis tic a l A r e a s fo r that reg io n .

Shift provisions and practices

Shift p r o v isio n s r e la te to the p o lic ie s of e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts eith e r c u r r e n tly op era tin g late
sh ifts or having fo r m a l p r o v is io n s co v erin g
la te -s h ift w ork. P r a c t ic e s r e la te to w o rk ers
em p lo y ed on la te sh ifts at the tim e of the
su r v e y .
Supplementary wage provisions

S u p p lem en tary b en efits w ere tr e a te d s t a ­
t is t ic a lly on the b a sis that if fo rm a l p r o v i­
sio n s w ere ap p lica b le to h a lf or m o r e of the
p rod u ction w o r k e r s (or o ffic e w o r k e r s ) in an
e sta b lish m e n t, the b e n e fits w ere c o n sid e r e d
a p p lica b le to a ll such w o r k e r s. S im ila r ly , if
few er than h a lf o f the w o r k e r s w ere co v e r e d ,
the b en efit w as c o n sid e r e d n o n ex isten t in the
e sta b lish m e n t. B e c a u se of le n g t h - o f - s e r v ic e
and oth er e lig ib ility r e q u ir e m e n ts, the p r o p o r ­
tion of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g the b e n e fits m a y be
s m a lle r than e stim a te d .

Labor-management agreements

S ep arate w age data a re p r e s e n te d , w h ere
p o s s ib le , fo r e s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving (1) a m a ­
jo r ity of the p rod u ction w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by




131

P a id h o lid a y s . P a id h olid ay p r o v is io n s r e ­
la te to fu ll-d a y and h a lf-d a y h o lid a y s p ro v id ed
an nually.
P a id v a c a tio n s . The su m m a r ie s of v a c a tio n
p la n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts, e x ­
cluding in fo r m a l p lan s w h ereb y tim e o ff w ith
pay is gran ted at the d is c r e tio n o f the e m ­
p lo y e r or s u p e r v is o r . P a y m e n ts not on a tim e
b a s is w e r e co n v erted ; fo r e x a m p le , a p aym en t
o f 2 p e r c e n t of annual e a r n in g s w as c o n sid e r e d
the eq u iv a len t of 1 w e e k 's p a y . The p e r io d s
of s e r v ic e fo r w hich data a r e p r e s e n te d r e p ­
r e se n t the m o s t com m on p r a c t ic e s , but th ey
do not n e c e s s a r ily r e f le c t in d iv id u a l e s ta b ­
lish m e n t p r o v i s i o n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n . F or
e x a m p le, the ch an ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica ted
at 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e m a y in clu d e ch an g es
w hich o c c u r r e d b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
H ealth, in su r a n c e , a n d r e tir e m e n t p la n s .
Data a r e p r e s e n te d fo r h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , p e n ­
sio n , and r e tir e m e n t se v e r a n c e p l a n s fo r
w hich a ll o r p a rt o f the c o s t is borne by the
e m p lo y e r , ex clu d in g p r o g r a m s re q u ir e d by la w
su ch a s w o rk m en 's co m p en sa tio n and s o c ia l
s e c u r ity . A m ong the p lan s in clu d ed a r e th o se
u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su r a n c e c o m ­
pany, and th o se paid d ir e c tly by the e m p lo y e r
fro m h is cu rren t o p era tin g funds or fro m a
fund se t a s id e for th is p u r p o se .
D eath b e n e fits a re in clu d ed a s a fo rm of life
in su r a n c e . S ic k n e ss and a c c id e n t in su r a n c e is
lim ite d to that typ e of in su r a n c e under w hich
p r e d e te r m in e d c a sh p a y m en ts a r e m ad e d i­
r e c tly to the in su r e d on a w e e k ly o r m on th ly
b a s is during illn e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ility .
In form ation is p r e se n te d for a ll su ch p lan s to
w hich the e m p lo y e r co n tr ib u te s at le a s t a part
o f the c o s t . H o w ev er, in N ew York and N ew
J e r s e y , w h ere te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su r a n c e
la w s req u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s, 1 p la n s
a r e in clu d ed on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e t h a n is le g a lly r e q u ir e d or
(2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e s w ith b e n e fits w hich
e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the law .




T abulations of paid s ic k -le a v e p lan s are
lim ite d to fo rm a l p lan s which p ro v id e fu ll pay
or a p ro p o rtio n of the w o r k e r 's pay during a b ­
s e n c e fro m w ork b e c a u se of illn e s s ; in fo rm a l
a r r a n g e m e n ts h ave b een o m itted . S ep arate
ta b u la tio n s a r e p rovid ed a cco rd in g to (1) p lan s
w hich p rovid e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p erio d ,
and (2) p lan s p rovid in g e ith e r p a r tia l pay or a
w aitin g p erio d .
M ed ica l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to p lan s p rovid in g
fo r c o m p lete or p a r tia l paym ent o f d o c to r 's
f e e s . T h e se p la n s m a y be u n d erw ritten by
a c o m m e r c ia l in su r a n c e com pany or a non­
p ro fit o rg a n iza tio n , o r th ey m a y be a fo rm of
s e lf-in s u r a n c e .
M ajor m e d ic a l in su r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e ­
fe r r e d to a s exten d ed m e d ic a l in su r a n c e , in ­
c lu d e s the p la n s d e sig n e d to co v e r e m p lo y e e s
fo r s ic k n e s s or in ju ry in volvin g an ex p e n se
w hich e x c e e d s the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i­
ta liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and su r g ic a l p la n s.
T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n s a r e lim ­
ited to p lan s w hich p ro v id e re g u la r paym ent
fo r the rem a in d er o f the r e t ir e e 's lif e . Data
a r e p r e se n te d s e p a r a te ly for r e tir e m e n t s e v ­
e r a n c e p ay (one paym en t or s e v e r a l o v er a
s p e c ifie d p e r io d o f tim e) m ad e to e m p lo y e e s
on r e tir e m e n t. E sta b lish m e n ts provid in g both
r e tir e m e n t se v e r a n c e pay and r e tir e m e n t p en ­
sio n s to e m p lo y e e s w e r e c o n sid e r e d a s having
both r e tir e m e n t p en sio n and r e tir e m e n t s e v ­
e ra n ce p la n s. E sta b lish m e n ts having op tion al
p lan s p rovid in g e m p lo y e e s a ch o ic e of eith er
r e tir e m e n t s e v e r a n c e pay or p e n sio n s w e r e
c o n sid e r e d a s having on ly r e tir e m e n t p en sio n
b e n e fits.
P a id fu n era l and ju ry duty le a v e . Data for
paid fu n era l and ju ry duty le a v e a r e lim ite d
to fo rm a l p lan s w hich p rovid e at le a s t p a r tia l
p aym ent fo r tim e lo s t as a r e s u lt of a tten d ­
ing fu n e r a ls of s p e c ifie d fa m ily m e m b e r s or
se r v in g a s a ju ro r.
1 The temporary disability insurance laws in California and
Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.

132

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u rp o se of p rep a rin g job d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u s w age
su r v e y s i s to a s s i s t it s fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into app rop riate o ccu p ation s
w o r k e r s who a r e em p lo y ed under a v a r ie ty of p a y r o ll t it le s and d ifferen t
w ork a r r a n g e m e n ts fro m e sta b lish m e n t to e sta b lish m e n t and from a r e a to
area.
T h is p e r m its the grouping of o ccu p ation al w age r a te s r e p r e se n tin g
co m p a ra b le job co n ten t.
B e c a u s e of th is e m p h a sis on in te r e sta b lish m e n t
and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y of occu p ation al content, the Bureau*s job
d e s c r ip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ific a n tly from th o se in u se in in d ivid u al e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts o r th o se p rep a red fo r oth er p u r p o se s.
In applying th e se job
d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u rea u ’ s fie ld sta ff is in stru cted to ex clu d e w orking su p e r ­
v is o r s , a p p r e n tic e s, le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s, tr a in e e s , and handicapped, p a r ttim e , te m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s.

Adjuster, machine

S ets up, r e g u la te s , and a d ju sts one or m o r e
of the v a r io u s p rod u ction m a c h in e s in the
e sta b lish m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of the
fo llo w in g : Setting up and a d ju stin g m a c h in e s
fo r ch a n g es in p rod u ction by in s ta llin g r e ­
quired u n its or to o ls , and s e t t i n g g u id es,
sto p s, or o th er c o n tr o ls to handle the sto c k to
be p r o c e s s e d ; o p era tin g m ach in e until a c c u ­
rate p rod u ctio n h a s b e e n a ch iev ed ; exam in in g
m a ch in e to a s c e r ta in r e a s o n fo r fa u lty p r o ­
d u ction and m aking n e c e , s s a r y ad ju stm en t.
F o r w age su r v e y p u r p o se s, w o r k e r s in th is
occu p atio n a r e c la s s if ie d a cco rd in g to the type
of m a c h in e s th ey a d ju st a s fo llo w s:
. C la ss A. C om p lex m a c h in e s and m e c h a ­
n is m s , such a s a u tom atic w rapping m a c h in e s,
au tom atic fold in g or gluing m a c h i n e s , or
quadruple s t a y e r s .
C la ss B. S im p ler ty p es of m a c h in e s, such
a s, s l i t t e r s , s c o r e r s , c u tte r s , or sin g le
s ta y e r s .

O p erates one of s e v e r a l ty p es of m a ch in es
to fa ste n tin p late ca p s (m e ta l ends) to the
fib e r can b o d ie s.
Baler

O p erates b a lin g m a ch in e to b a le w a ste m a ­
te r ia l a c co rd in g to v a r io u s g r a d e s and c l a s s i ­
fic a tio n s . P r e p a r e s b a le s fo r sh ip m en t. May
a s s i s t in loading b a le s onto tru ck s or other
m ea n s of tra n sp o rta tio n .
Boxmaker, hand

(B ench w ork er; out and out w orker)
M akes b o x e s by hand.
W ork in v o lv e s the
follow ing: A sse m b lin g p a rts; s h a p i n g body
blank; s t a y i n g c o r n e r s or settin g ends or
bottom ; strip p in g or w rapping box; and doing
any n e c e s s a r y d e c o r a tio n w ork. (Odd shaped
b o x e s, fan cy c a s e s , s p e c ia l b o x e s or sm a ll
lo ts of re g u la r b o x e s a r e g e n e r a lly m ade by
h a n d .)
Bundler-packer

Assembler, tube, hand (cappers)

A t t a c h e s p ap er or m e ta l ca p s to p ap er
tu b es, gum m ed p ap er to ends o f m a ilin g tu b es,
and tin p la te sp ou ts to top o f p ap er c a n s.
Assembler, tube, machine
(crimper and seamer)

(A sse m b lin g -m a c h in e t e n d e r ; a u to m a tic s e a m e r op era to r; c r im p e r ; se a m in g -m a c h in e
o p erator; sp in n e r -m a c h in e op era to r)




(B undler, b o x es; p a ck er, tubes)
W raps, t ie s , or b u n d les fin ish ed paperboard
p rod u cts a n d /o r p la c e s them in co n ta in e r s for
sh ip m en t.
M ay s e a l co n ta in e r s when fu ll.
Include in th is occu p ation w o rk ers who a re
p erfo rm in g d u tie s a s c a tc h e r s or o ff-b e a r e r s
in addition to the d u ties d e s c r i b e d ab ove.
Catcher

R em o v es p r o c e s s e d paper sto ck or p ro d ­
u cts, such as p aperboard b o x e s, tu b es, e t c .,
from the d isc h a r g e end of m a c h in e s (e . g . ,

133

cutting and c r e a s i n g p r e s s e s , s p ir a l tube
w in d ers, stitc h in g m achines,^ e t c , ).
E xclu d e
from th is c la s s if ic a t io n o f f - b e a r e r s at the
co rru g a tin g m ach in e a s w e ll a s w o r k e r s who
w rap, bundle, or pack p r o d u cts fo r sh ip m en t
in addition to th e ir d u tie s a s c a tc h e r s .
Closer

b lan k s of p ap er s h e e ts and d e s ir e d s iz e of
cu ts; p o sitio n in g paperboard blan k s or c o v e r ­
ing paper a g a in st gu id es; actuating c o n tr o ls
w hich s ta r t cutting e le m e n ts .
F o r w age su r v e y p u r p o se s, w o rk ers in th is
o ccu p ation a re to be c la s s if ie d acco rd in g to
the num ber of c o r n e r s cut by the m ach in e at
a sin g le str o k e a s fo llow s:

(Ladder; topper)

Single c o r n e r -c u ttin g -m a c h in e op era to r
D ouble c o r n e r -c u ttin g -m a c h in e o p era to r
Q uadruple c o r n e r -c u ttin g -m a c h in e o p era to r
Other c o r n e r -c u ttin g -m a c h in e o p era to r

P la c e s the lid s (tops) on setup b o x e s. May
a ls o count and in s p e c t b o x e s fo r v is u a l fla w s.
Coating-machine operator
(formed-paper products)

(Im p reg n a tin g -m a ch in e o p era to r; w a x i n g m a ch in e op era to r; d ip p in g -m a ch in e o p erator;
sp r a y in g -m a c h in e op era to r; flu sh in g -m a c h in e
o p erator)
T ends one or m o re m a c h in e s that a p p lies
a coatin g to fo rm ed p ap er p ro d u cts su ch a s
cu p s, p a ils , e t c ., to i m p a r t s p e c ia l p h y s ­
ic a l p r o p e r tie s su ch a s h ea t and m o i s t u r e
r e s is t a n c e . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w ­
ing: Supplying, or a c t u a t i n g c o n tr o ls that
supply m a ch in e w ith coa tin g m a te r ia ls , r e g u ­
latin g te m p e r a tu r e , and am ount of c o a t i n g
m a te r ia l a p p lied to p rod u cts; reg u la tin g sp eed
of m ach in e and te m p e r a tu r e of h ea tin g , c o o l­
ing, or d ryin g o p e r a tio n s.

Corrugator-combiningmachine operator

O p erates m a ch in e units w hich co rru g a te
continuous s h e e ts of paperboard and glue one
or m o re p ap erb oard sh e e ts (lin e r s) to c o r r u ­
gated c e n te r (fille r ) to form co rru g a ted p a p e r b oard .
W ork in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g :
P o sitio n in g r o lls of paper on m ach in e su p ­
p o r ts, th read in g paper through v a r io u s r o lls;
k eeping glue pans su p p lied w ith glue, adjusting
feed in g g u id e s, p r e s s u r e , sp eed , and te m p e r a ­
tu re of r o lle r s and tem p era tu re of glue; r e g u ­
la te s stea m a p p lica tio n and sp eed of m ach in e
a s req u ired to obtain d e s ir e d r e s u lts .
Corrugator-knife operator

(T r ip le x op era to r)
Coating-machine operator
(paper stock)

(Im p reg n a tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r ; p a tte r n ­
co a tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ; w a x in g -m a ch in e
op era to r)
T ends one or m o r e m a c h in e s that a p p lie s a
coatin g to p ap er sto ck , p r io r to fo rm in g into
p ro d u cts, to im p a r t s p e c ia l p h y s i c a l p r o ­
p e r tie s su ch a s h ea t and m o istu r e r e s is t a n c e ,
e tc .
W ork in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g :
L oading r o ll of p a p er onto u n r e e lin g stand
and th read in g p ap er through m a ch in e r o lle r s ;
reg u la tin g sp eed of p a p er p a s s i n g through
m a ch in e and am ount of coatin g a p p l i e d to
paper; reg u la tin g te m p e r a tu r e of coa tin g s o lu ­
tio n a n d /o r r o l l e r s a s r e q u ir e d .
May, in
addition, o v e r s e e the d ryin g and w inding o p e r ­
atio n s of c o a t e d p ap er sto ck and s e t up
m a c h in e s p r io r to o p e r a tio n . E x c lu d e s w o rk ­
e r s engaged in the o p e r a tio n of p o ly eth y len e
c o m b i n e r s , and th o se op era tin g p rin tin g
p r e s s e s w hich a ls o apply coatin g m a te r ia ls
to p a p er.
Corner-cutting-machine operator

(C orn er cu tter; c o r n e r in g -m a c h in e
ator; p u n ch -m a ch in e o p era to r)

oper­

O p era tes a m ach in e that cu ts out c o r n e r s
of p ap erb oard b lan k s or s h e e ts of co v e r in g
p ap er to en ab le p ro p er f o l d i n g of b o x e s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Setting
m a ch in e to a cco m m o d a te d e s ir e d s iz e of box




T ends the cutting d e v ic e at the end of the
d ryin g board of the c o r r u g a t i n g m a ch in e.
W ork in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g : A d ju st­
ing knife that a u to m a tic a lly cu ts sh e e ts to d e ­
sir e d length; n otifyin g co rru g a to r op era to r
w hen d e s ir e d num ber of sh e e ts have b een cut;
w atching the q u ality of board, rep o rtin g any
d e fe c ts to co rru g a to r op erator; and a s s is tin g
oth er m e m b e r s of crew a s d ir e c te d .
Cutter operator, tube

O p erates one or m o re of s e v e r a l d iffe r e n t
v a r ie t ie s of tube cutting m a c h in e s. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o st of the follow ing: Setting up m a ­
ch in e, in clu d in g settin g and adjusting k n iv e s,
g u id es, sto p s, or cla m p s, actuating c o n tr o ls
to sta r t m ach in e; ch eck in g cut p ie c e s to in ­
su re that cut p r o d u c t s a r e w ithin p r o p e r
to le r a n c e s .
Cutting-and creasingpress feeder

( D ie - p r e s s fe e d e r )
In se r ts s h e e ts one at a tim e into the p r e s s
o r, in the c a s e of a u to m a tic a lly -fe d p r e s s e s ,
su p p lies the feed in g m ech a n ism w ith s h e e ts .
W ork in v o lv e s m o st of the follow ing: R e m o v ­
ing fau lty s h e e ts and any fo r e ig n m a tter that
m igh t in ju re the d ie , and rep ortin g any m e ­
c h a n ica l tro u b le to the p r e s s m e n . In addition,
m ay a s s i s t the p r e s s m e n in p rep arin g p r e s s
fo r o p era tio n .

134

For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified according to
type of press as follows:
Cylinder or rotary
Platen
Other
Cutting-and creasingpress operator

(D ie-press operator)
Operates one or more hand or automatically
fed cutting and creasing presses.
Work in­
volves most of the following: Preparing press
for operation by positioning cutting and c rea s ­
ing die on press and obtaining proper register;
adjusting feeding guides or mechanism; in­
specting work to insure the proper operation
of the press; feeding and o p e r a t i n g press;
and m a k i n g necessary adjustments to meet
specifications.
F or wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified according to
type of press as follows:
Cylinder or rotary
Platen
Other
Diemaker

Ending-machine operator

Operates a machine that glues ends onto
cardboard boxes. Work involves most of the
following: Shaping the main body blank by
bending up the sides and turning in end flanges;
placing shaped blank over block on machine
and pressing pedal that causes machine auto­
m atically to feed and attach end to the box; and
keeping machine supplied with ends and glue.
In addition, may also set up the machine and
adjust the s e t t i n g (attaching) mechanisms.
For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are classified as follows:
Single ending-machine operator
Double ending-machine operator

(Die setter; die form builder)
Prepares or builds the dies used on the
cutting and creasing presses. Work involves
most of the following: Cutting and bending
rules (cutting and creasing metal strips) to
size and shape; assembling and setting rules
in the die form and securing them in place by
means of metal or wood furniture; locking die
in the chase; and making an im pression of the
die and checking it against the outline.
Double-backer operator

(Double-face o p e r a t o r ; combiner double
backer; firs t helper, corrugating m a c h i n e )
Tends that section of a corrugator combin­
ing machine at which the second or '‘under1
1
outside liner is applied to the c o r r u g a t e d
fille r .
Work involves most of the following:
Making necessary adjustments to this section
of machine; t h r e a d i n g end of ‘‘under1 ro ll
1
through ro llers to position, meeting the c o r­
rugated fille r; and repairing breaks in the
paper.
May a s s i s t corrugator-com biningmachine operator as directed.

Flexographic printer operator

Sets up and operates one or m ore flex o ­
graphic printing presses which print subject
matter on paper stock by means of flexible
rubber plates and rapid drying inks.
Work
involves most of the following: Preparing
press for operation by mounting rubber plates
on cylinder and installing cylinder on press;
moving levers to engage rolls and adjusting
position of cylinder; tending press while in
operation; and inspecting work for required
specifications.
May also be responsible for
certain fabricating operations (e .g . , slotting,
die cutting, folding, gluing) which are p e r­
formed in c o n n e c t i o n with the p r i n t i n g
operation.
For wage study purposes, f l e x o g r a p h i c
printer operators are to be classified by types
of operation, as follows:
Printing operations only
Printing and fabricating operations
Folder and gluer, hand

Electrician, maintenance

(Hand bender; hand breaker; hand creaser)

P e r f o r m s a variety of electrica l trade
functions such as the installation, mainte­
nance, or repair of equipment for the generat­
ing, distribution, or utilization of electric
energy in an establishment.
Work involves
most of the following: Installing or repairing
any of a variety of e lectricia l equipment such
as generators, transform ers, switchboards,




controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating
units, conduit systems, or other transmission
equipment; working from blueprints, drawing,
layout, or other specifications; locating and
diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or
equipment; working s t a n d a r d computations
relating to load requirements of wiring or
electrical equipment; using a variety of e le c ­
tr ic ia n s handtools and measuring and testing
instruments.
In g e n e r a l , the work of the
maintenance e l e c t r i c i a n requires rounded
training and e x p e r i e n c e usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

Glues together the edges of prepared box
blanks. Work involves: Applying glue to one
edge either with a brush or by passing it over
a glue roll; folding the blank and superimpos­
ing the overlapping edges that are to be glued;
and pressing glued edges together either by
hand or by f e e d i n g the box through rolls.
135

Folding-and gluing-machine
operator, automatic

(Autom atic-folder o p e r a t o r ;
machine operator; pail operator)

egg-carton-

Operates one or m ore of the several v a r i­
eties of machines that automatically fold or
fold and glue boxes from prepared blanks or
sheets cut to outline size.
Work involves
most of the following: Setting up and adjusting
the machine to meet the requirements of the
type of box run; supplying the machine with
glue and keeping it at the proper temperature
and consistency; keeping the machine supplied
with box blanks or sheets; and examining the
product to see that the machine is functioning
properly.
In a d d i t i o n , may make minor
repairs on the machine.
This classification
does not include workers with duties limited
to f e e d i n g the machine or r e m o v i n g the
completed product.
Forming-press operator

(Punch-press o p e r a t o r ;
forming-machine operator)

paper-product-

Operates one or more power presses that
cut, shape, or form paper or metal products,
such as paper plates, spoons, paper or metal
caps (o r ends) for f i b e r tubes, cans, etc.
Work involves most of the following: Supply­
ing feeding mechanism with metal or paper
blanks or feeding metal or paper blanks man­
ually; threading paper or metal through ro llfed m a c h i n e s ; actuating controls to start
machine; making adjustments and alinements
as required. May inspect product for visual
flaws.

involves a c o m b i n a t i o n of the following:
Planning and laying out of work relating to
r e p a i r of buildings, machines, mechanical
and/or electrica l equipment; repairing e le c ­
trica l and/or mechanical equipment; in stall­
ing, alining and balancing new equipment;
and repairing buildings, f l o o r s , stairs, as
w ell as making and repairing bins, cribs, and
partitions.
Mechanic, maintenance

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment
of an establishment.
Work i n v o l v e s most
of the follow ing: Examining m a c h i n e s and
mechanical equipment to diagnose source of
trouble; dismantling or p a r t l y dismantling
machines and perform ing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and
fitting parts; replacing b r o k e n or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; o rd er­
ing the production of a replacement part by
a machine shop or sending of the machine to
a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing
written specifications for major repairs or for
the production of parts ordered from machine
shop; reassembling machines; and making all
necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance m e c h a n i c
requires rounded training and e x p e r i e n c e
usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers
whose prim ary duties involve setting up or
adjusting machines.
Off-bearer (corrugatingcombining machine)

R e m o v e s p r o c e s s e d sheets of corru ­
gated paper from the discharge end of the
corrugating-combining machine and piles them
on hand trucks, skids, or other conveying
devices.

Janitor, porter, or cleaner

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition
factory w o r k i n g areas and washrooms, or
prem ises of an office. Duties involve a com ­
bination of the following: Sweeping, mopping
or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equip­
ment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal
fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and
minor maintenance services; c l e a n i n g la v ­
atories, showers, and restroom s.
W orkers
who s p e c i a l i z e in window w a s h i n g are
excluded.

Paper-cup-making-machine operator

Tends one or more machines that automati­
cally form paper drinking cups or other con­
tainers of sim ilar shape such as paper pails,
ice cream cups, etc. Work involves most of
the following: Starting m a c h i n e that auto­
m atically feeds paper and glues seams; regu­
lating temperature of heaters that seal cups;
and examining samples of cups fo r visual
flaws. May also load rolls of bottom and/or
sidewall paper on machines or fill magazines
of m a c h i n e s with bottom and/or sidewall
b l a n k s ; thread paper through r o l l e r s and
forming guides on ro ll-fed m a c h i n e s ; and
place s p e c i f i e d numbers of cups in tubes
preparatory to packaging.
For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified as follows;

Maintenance man, general utility

Keeps the machines, mechanical equipment
and/or structure of an establishment-(usually
a small plant where specialization in mainte­
nance work is im practical) in repair. Duties
involve the performance of operations and the
use of tools and equipment of several trades,
rather than specialization in any one trade
or one type of maintenance work only. Work




Paper-cup-making-machine operator
(set up and operate)
Paper-cup-making-machine operator
(operate only)
136

Printing-press assistant and
feeder, offset press

Printer-slo tter-machine
assistant

(Feeder; prin ter-slotter firs t helper)
Assists in the setup and operation of a
p rin ter-slotter machine.
Work i n v o l v e s a
c o m b i n a t i o n of the following: Filling ink
fountains of machine; making minor machine
adjustments; feeding paperboard into machine
or fillin g feeding mechanisms of automaticallyfed m a c h i n e s .
May also clean machine.
For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are classified according to the
color capacity of the printer as follows:

Single-color press
T w o-color press
T h ree-color or more press
Printing-press assistant and
feeder, platen press

Single-color printer
Tw o-color printer
T h ree-color or more printer

Assists printing pressman in setting up and
operating a platen press for printing.
May
make minor adjustments to the press.

Printer-slotter-machine
operator

Printing-press assistant feeder,
rotogravure press

Operates a machine that prints and cuts
slots in corrugated board. Work involves the
following: Setting printing plates or type in
position; adjusting the slotting knives; and
feeding blank board into machine, or keeping
the automatic feeding device supplied with
blank board. W orkers who set-up only are not
included in this classification.
Also exclude
workers who operate flexographic printers
which print from flexible rubber plates (see
flexographic printer operator).
For wage study purposes, workers in this
occupation are classified according to the
color capacity of the printer as follows:

Assists printing pressman in setting up and
operating a rotogravure press or feeds blanks
or partly printed sheets into a rotogravure
press for printing. May make minor adjust­
ments to the press.
For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified according to
the color capacity of the press as follows:
Single-color press
T w o-color press
T h ree-color or more press
Printing pressman,
cylinder presss

Single-color printer
T w o-color printer
T h ree-color or more printer

(Cylinder-press operator; flat-bed pressmen)
Sets up and tends the operation of one or
more cylinder-type printing presses.
Work
involves most of the following: Preparing
press for operation by locking form (type set­
up or plate) on press and obtaining proper
register; setting and adjusting feeding mech­
anism; inspecting work on press for quality
requirements; making necessary adjustments
to maintain required specifications; and tend­
ing press while in operation.
Exclude from
this classification workers engaged in setting
up and tending the operation of rotogravure or
offset printing presses. (See printing p re s s ­
man, rotogravure press and printing p res s ­
man, offset p re s s .)
For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified according to
the color capacity of the press as follows:

Printing-press assistant and
feeder, cylinder press

Assists printing pressman in setting up and
operating a cylinder press or feeds blank or
partly printed sheets into a cylinder press for
printing. May make minor adjustments to the
press. Exclude from this classification work­
ers engaged in assisting rotogravure or o ff­
set printing pressmen or feeding sheets to be
printed into a rotogravure or offset printing
press.
For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified according to
the color capacity of the press as follows:
Single-color press
T w o-color press
T h ree-co lo r or more press




Assists printing pressman in setting up and
operating an offset press or feeds blank or
partly printed sheets into an offset press for
printing.
May make minor adjustments to
press.
For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified according to
the color capacity of the press as follows:

Single-color press
Tw o-color press
T h ree-color or more press
137

P rin ting pressman, offset press

For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified according to
the color capacity of the press as follows:

(O ffset-press operator)
Sets up and tends the operation of one or
m ore offset printing presses on which the
matter to be printed is transferred from inked
lithograph plates to a blanket which subse­
quently imprints the subject matter on paper
stock.
Work involves most of the following:
Cleaning, setting up, and clamping lithograph
plates to plate cylinder; adjusting diameter of
blanket cylinder to diam eter -of plate cylinder;
pouring ink in fountain of press and running
press until ink ro lle rs are throughly coated;
adjusting space between blanket and im p res­
sion cylinders to thickness of stock to be
printed; setting water ro lle rs so as to d eliver
proper moisture to plate cylinder; running
several proof sheets on press and scanning
proofs fo r flaws in printing; making adjust­
ments to correct any flaws; and tending press
while in operation.
F or wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified according to
the color capacity of the press as follows:
Single-color press
T w o-color press
T h ree-co lo r or more press

Single-color press
T w o-color press
T h ree-co lo r or more press
Quadruple stayingmachine operator

(Autom atic-stayer o p e r a t o r ;
machine operator)

setup box-

Operates a quadruple staying machine that
automatically stays the four corners of a set­
up box with adhesive (stay) tape in one opera­
tion.
Work involves: Keeping the machine
supplied with box blanks and adhesive tape and
r e m o v i n g defective blanks or boxes from
machine.
In addition, may also set up or
a d j u s t the feeding, staying, or e j e c t i n g
mechanisms.
For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified as follows:
Quadruple staying-machine operator
(set up and operate)
Quadruple staying-machine operator
(operate only)
Roll supply man

(R oll handler)
Printing pressman, platen press

Sets up and tends the operation of one or
m ore hand or automatically fed platen-type
printing presses. Work involves most of the
following: Preparing press fo r operation by
locking form (type setup or plate) on press
and o b t a i n i n g proper register; setting or
adjusting feeding mechanism; inspecting work
on presses for quality requirements; making
necessary adjustments to maintain required
specifications; and t e n d i n g press while in
operation.
Printing pressman,
Rotagravure press

Sets up and tends the operation of one or
m ore rotogravure presses that print from
cylindrical plates on which the subject matter
has been etched below the surface rather than
in re lie f, A blade or knife rem oves the ex­
cess ink from the surface of the cylinder,
leaving ink only in the etched depressions
from which it is removed by adherence to the
paper. Work involves most of the following:
P r e p a r i n g press fo r operation by locking
plates on press and obtaining proper register;
setting and adjusting feeding m e c h a n i s m ;
inspecting work on press for quality requ ire­
ment; making necessary adjustments to main­
tain required specifications; and tending press
while in operation.




138

Supplies ro lls of paper stock to various
machines. Work involves most of the follo w ­
ing: Checking orders to determine type of
stock required; transporting rolls of paper
from storage using overhead crane, ra il hoist,
or other means of conveyance; and positioning
rolls on stands for machine operators use.
May also place shafts in rolls.
Scorer operator

Operates either a single or double scoring
machine. Work involves: Feeding sheets of
cardboard into the machine that scores (cuts
part way through) them along lines where they
are to be folded when made into boxes; and
adjusting scoring knives and positioning guides
fo r boxes of desired size.
In addition, may
also set up or adjust machines.
Shipping and receiving clerk

P repares merchandise for s h i p m e n t , or
receives and is responsible fo r incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials.
Shipping work involves: A k n o w l e d g e of
shipping procedures, practices, routes, ava il­
able means of transportation and rates; and
preparing records of the goods shipped, mak­
ing up bills of lading, posting weight and ship­
ping charges, and keeping a file of shipping
records.
May d irect or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving
work involves: V erifying or directing others
in verifyin g the c o r r e c t n e s s of shipments

glue boxes
cut lengths
machine.
For wage
occupation

a g a i n s t bills of lading, invoices, or other
records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods, routing merchandise or m ate­
rials to proper departments; m a i n t a i n i n g
necessary records and files.
For wage survey purposes, workers are
classified as follows:

Spiral-tube-winding - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r
(operate only)
Drinking straws
Tubular products (except drinking straws)

Single-stayer operator
Operates a machine that secures with adhe­
sive (stay) tape the corners of a setup box
made from a single board blank, which has
previously been scored and cornered.
Work
involves most of the following: Setting up
machine and adjusting guides and taping mech­
anism; positioning corners of box over an
anvil or block of machine; and applying adhe­
sive tape securely to the outer surfaces of the
corners by means of a foot lever.
For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified as follows:

Starchmaker
(Glue m ixer)
Measures, pours, and mixes various in gre­
dients according to specified f o r m u l a s to
obtain proper consistency of starch (glue).
Manipulates controls to start machine.
May
transport mixture to corrugating machine.
Stitcher operator
Operates a machine that fastens box parts
together by forcing short pieces of w ire into
the c a r d b o a r d and crimps them.
Work
involves the following: F o l d i n g box along
scored lines, inserting edges of box under
stitching mechanism of machine; and stitching
edges together by moving box under the stitch­
ing mechanism.

Single-stayer operator (set up and operate)
Single-stayer operator (operate only)
Slitter operator
machine operator;

Straight-winder operator

Operates a slitting machine to cut paper or
board to desired widths.
Work involves the
following: Adjusting cutting knives; and feed ­
ing sheets into the machine.
This c la s s ifi­
cation includes operators of slitting machines
that also score the sheets and operators of
ro ll-fed slitting machines.

(Automatic-convolute-tube-winder operator;
automatic-c o n e-making-machine o p e r a t o r ;
automatic-tub e-making-machine o p e r a t o r ;
cone-machine operator; drum-machine oper­
ator; 1am i n a t i ng-machine operator; tubemachine operator)

Slotter operator

Operates one of a variety of machines upon
which strips of p a p e r are straight-wound
around m a n d r e l s to form tubes, caps, or
cones. Work involves the following: Feeding
glued paper sheets into the machine by hand or
setting ro ll of paper on the machine, thread­
ing it through, and watching the machine for
proper operation.
The machine may auto­
m atically cut the strips, apply glue to one sur­
face and may also glue labels to the product.
For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified as follows:

(S lo tter-sco rer operator)
Operates a slotting machine to cut out c e r ­
tain sections of board. Work involves: A d ­
justing cutting knives; and feeding sheets into
the machine.
This classification i n c l u d e s
operators of slotting machines that also score
the sheets.
Spiral-tube-windingmachine operator

S t r a i g h t - w i n d e r operator (set up and
operate)
Straight-winder o p e r a t o r (operate only)

Tends the operation of one or more auto­
matic tube-winding machines which paste and
wind paper spirally into a continuous tube and
which cut wound tubes to p r e d e t e r m i n e d
lengths. Work involves most of the following:
Setting up and preparing machine fo r opera­
tion; m o u n t i n g rolls of paper on fram e;
threading paper over ro llers and glue rolls to
revolving shaft which forms the tube; keeping




survey purposes, workers in this
are to be classified as follows:

Spiral-tube-winding - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r
(set up and operate)
Drinking straws
Tubular products (except drinking straws)

Shipping clerk
Receiving clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

(Creasing and slitting
s litte r-s c o re r operator)

supplied with glue; and removing
of tube from discharge end of

Stripper
(Breaker; folder; peeler; picker)
Removes excess m aterial from stacks or
piles of board sheets that have been run on the
cutting and creasing presses. Work involves:

139

Jogging or lining up the board sheets; placing
them in stacks or piles; and breaking the
excess m aterial from stacks of "died-out"
blanks by hand or air hammer or other appro­
priate tools.
In addition, may smooth the
s t r i p p e d edges with sand paper or brush.
For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are to be classified as follows:
Stripper, A ir Hammer
Stripper, Hand
Stripper, Other (including
above)

combination of

f r e i g h t depots, warehouses, wholesale and
retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of
business. May also load or unload truck with
or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order.
D river-salesm en and over-the - road d rivers
are excluded.
F or wage survey purposes, truckdrivers are
classified by size of equipment as follows:
Truckdriver, combination of types
Truckdriver, other than sem i- or tra ile r
Truckdriver, sem i- or tra iler

Stripping-machine operator
Trucker, power
(Bander, machine; trim m er, machine; block
winder, machine)
Operates a stripping-fram e machine that
glues decorative or protective covering paper
to outside surfaces of setup boxes.
Work
involves: Placing ro ll of covering paper on
spindle and t h r e a d i n g it over a glue roll,
through glue distributing rolls, s t a t i o n a r y
slides or guides, and underneath cutting blade;
placing box over a revolving form at the front
of the machine; pasting glue-covered strip to
side, bottom or top of box; pressing a foot
le ve r causing knife to cut the covering to
desired length.
In a d d i t i o n , may set up
stripping frame, adjust slides and place p ro ­
per size block on shaft.
Taping-machine operator
Operates a taping machine that puts glued
tape along edges of container. Work involves
the following: Adjusting and setting machine
according to the type of container to be taped
and feeding the folded c o n t a i n e r s into the
machine.
Truckdriver
D rives a truck within a city or industrial
area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants,




140

Operates a manually controlled gasolineor electric-pow ered truck or tractor to trans­
port goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w a r e h o u s e , manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
For wage survey purposes, workers are
classified by type of truck as follows:
Trucker, power, forklift
Trucker, power, other than forklift
Wrapping-machine operator,
automatic
Operates a hand- or self-feeding machine
that automatically a p p l i e s a glue-covered
paper wrapper to the outside of a setup box.
Work involves: Positioning stayed or unstayed
boxes on glued covering paper; placing box in
hand-fed machine and starting machine that
automatically wraps glued paper around box;
or positioning stayed or unstayed boxes on
glued covering paper which is automatically
fed into wrapping machine. Excludes workers
operating stripping machines and automatic
box-making machines which also wrap boxes.
For wage survey purposes, workers in this
occupation are classified according to type of
machine as follows:
Hand-f e ed-wrapping -machine op e r ato r
Automatic-feed-wrapping-machine operator

Industry W age Studies
The m o st recen t re p o rts fo r in d u stries
included in the B u reau 1s p ro g ra m o f in dustry w age su rveys sin ce January 1950
a re lis te d b elow .
T h o se fo r which a
p r ic e is shown a re a va ila b le fr o m the Superin tendent o f D ocum ents, U.S. G o v e rn m ent P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C .,

I.

20402, o r any o f its re g io n a l sa les o ffic e s .
T h o se fo r w hich a p r ic e is not
shown m ay be obtained fr e e as long as
a supply is a v a ila b le , fro m the Bureau
o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s , W ashington, D .C .,
20212, o r fr o m any o f the re g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on the in sid e back c o v e r.

Occupational Wage Studies
M an u factu rin g

P r ic e
B a sic Iro n and S tee l, 1967. B LS B u lletin 1602_________________________________________ $0.55
Candy and O ther C o n fe c tio n e ry P ro d u c ts , 1965. B LS B u lletin 1520_________________
.30
'•'Canning and F r e e z in g , 1957. B LS R ep o rt 136_________________________________________ F r e e
C ig a r M anufacturing, 1967. B LS B u lletin 1581________________________________________
.25
C ig a re tte M anu facturing, 1965. B LS B u lletin 1472____________________________________
.20
Cotton and M an -M ad e F ib e r T e x tile s , 1968. B LS B u lletin 1637_____________________
1.00
D is tille d L iq u o rs , 1952. S e rie s 2, No. 88______________________________________________ F r e e
F a b ric a te d S tru ctu ral S tee l, 1969. B LS B u lletin 1695_________________________________
F e r t iliz e r M anu facturin g, 1966. B LS B u lletin 1531___________________________________
F lo u r and O ther G rain M ill P ro d u c ts , 1967. B LS B u lletin 1576_____________________
F lu id M ilk In dustry, 1964. B LS B u lletin 1464_________________________________________
F o o tw e a r, 1968. B LS B u lletin 1634______________________________________________________
H o s ie r y , 1967. B LS B u lletin 1562---------------------------------------------------------------------In d u strial C h e m ic a ls , 1965. B LS B u lletin 1529________________________________________
Iro n and S tee l F o u n d ries, 1967. B LS B u lletin 1626___________________________________

.50
.30
.25
.30
.75
.70
.40
1.00

L e a th e r Tanning and F in ish in g, 1968. B LS B u lletin 1618____________________________
M a ch in ery M anu facturin g, 1968. B LS B u lletin 1664__________________________________
M eat P ro d u c ts , 1969. B LS B u lletin 1677________________________________________________
M en 's and B o y s' Sh irts (E xcep t W ork S h irts ) and N igh tw e a r, 1968.
B LS B u lletin 1659_________________________________________________________________________
M en 's and B o y s ' Suits and C oats, 1967. B LS B u lletin 1594___________________________
M iscella n eo u s P la s tic s P ro d u c ts , 1969. B LS B u lletin 1690__________________________
M iscella n eo u s T e x tile s , 1953. B LS R ep o rt 56_________________________________________
M o to r V e h ic le s and P a r ts , 1969. B LS B u lletin 1679__________________________________

.55
.65
1.00
.65
.75
.60
F ree
.75

N o n ferro u s F o u n d ries, 1965. B LS B u lletin 1498_______________________________________
.40
Pain ts and V a r n is h e s , 1965. B LS B u lletin 1524________________________________________
.40
P a p e rb o a rd C ontainers and B o x es, 1964. B LS B u lletin 1478_________________________
.70
P e tro le u m R efin in g, 1965. B LS B u lletin 1526_________________________________________
.30
P r e s s e d o r Blow n G lass and G la s s w a re , 1970. B LS B u lletin 1713__________________
.50
"•'Processed W a ste, 1957. B LS R e p o rt 124_______________________________________________ F r e e
Pu lp, P a p e r, and P a p e rb o a rd M ills , 1967. B LS B u lletin 1608______________________
.60
R adio, T e le v is io n , and R ela ted P ro d u c ts , 1951. S e rie s 2, N o. 84__________________ F r e e
R a ilro a d C a rs , 1952. S e rie s 2, N o. 86--------------------------------------------------------------- F r e e
"•'Raw Sugar, 1957. B L S R ep o rt 136_______________________________________________________ F r e e *
*

Studies o f the e ffe c ts of the $ 1 m inim um w age.




I. Occupational Wage Studies— Continued
M a n u factu rin g— C o n tin u e d

P r ic e
Southern S a w m ills and P lan in g M ills , 1969. B LS B u lletin 1694------------------------- $0.50
S tru ctu ral C lay P ro d u c ts , 1969. B LS B u lletin 1697__________________________________
.65
Synthetic F ib e r s , 1966. B LS B u lletin 1540___________________________________________
.30
Synthetic T e x tile s , 1965. B LS B u lletin 1509_________________________________________
.40
T e x tile D yeing and F in ish in g, 1965—66. B LS B u lletin 1527_________________________
.45
'•'Tobacco Stem m ing and R e d ry in g , 1957. B LS R e p o rt 136___________________________
F ree
.45
W est C oast S a w m illin g and L o g g in g , 1969. B LS B u lletin 1704--------------------------W o m en ’ s and M is s e s ’ Coats and Suits, 1965.B LS B u lletin 1508-------------------------.25
W o m en 's and M is s e s ' D r e s s e s , 1968. B LS B u lletin 1649---------------------------------.45
W ood H ousehold F u rn itu re, E xcep t U p h o lstered , 1968. B LS B u lletin 1651-------.60
*W ooden C on tain ers, 1957. B LS R ep o rt 126------------------------------------------------------- F r e e
W o o l T e x tile s , 1966. B LS B u lletin 1551_______________________________________________
.45
W ork Clothing, 1968. B LS B u lletin 1624______________________________________________
.50
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

Auto D e a le r R e p a ir Shops, 1969. B LS B u lletin 1689_______________________________ —
Banking, 1969. B LS B u lletin 1703_______ ______________________________________________
Bituminous C oal M ining, 1967. B LS B u lletin 1583-------------------------------------------C om m unications, 1969. B LS B ulletin 1696___________________________________________
C ontract Cleaning S e r v ic e s , 1968. B LS B ulletin 1644_______________________________
Crude P e tro le u m and N atu ral Gas P rod u ction , 1967. B LS B u lletin 1566_________
D epartm en t and W o m en 's R e a d y -to -W e a r S to res , 1950. S e rie s 2, N o. 78_______
Eating and D rinking P la c e s , 1966—67. B LS B u lletin 1588__________________________
Educational Institutions: N onteaching E m p lo y e e s , 1968—69. B LS B u lletin 1671.,.
E le c t r ic and Gas U tilitie s , 1967. BLS B u lletin 1614_________________________________
H o sp itals, 1969. B LS B u lletin 1688____________________________________________________
H otels and M o te ls , 1966—67. B LS B u lletin 1587-----------------------------------------------Laundry and C leaning S e r v ic e s , 1967—68. B LS B u lletin 1645______________________
L ife Insu rance, 1966. B LS B u lletin 1569______________________________________________
M otion P ic tu r e T h e a te rs , 1966. B LS B u lletin 1542________ _________________ . _______
N u rsin g H om es and R ela ted F a c ilit ie s , 1967—68. B LS B u lletin 1638______________

.50
.65
.50
.30
.55
.30
F ree
.40
.50
.70
1.00
.40
.75
.30
.35
.75

II. Other Industry Wage Studies
F a c to r y W o rk e r s ' E arn in gs— D istrib u tion by S tra ig h t-T im e H ou rly E arn in gs,
1958. B LS B u lletin 1252____________ _______ :__________________________________________
F a c to r y W o r k e r s ' E arnings— S elected M anufacturing In d u stries, 1959.
B LS B u lletin 1275___________________________________________________ ___________________ _

.40
.35

E m p lo yee E arn in gs and H ours in N on m etrop olitan A r e a s of the South and
N orth C en tra l R egio n s, 1965. B LS B u lletin 1552__________________________________
E m p lo yee E arn in gs and H ours in E ight M etro p o lita n A r e a s o f the South, 1965.
B LS B u lletin 1533_______________________________________________________________________
E m p lo yee E arn in gs and H ou rs in R e ta il T ra d e , June 1966—
R e ta il T ra d e (O v e r a ll S u m m ary). B L S B u lletin 1584____________________________
Building M a te r ia ls , H a rd w a re, and F a r m Equipm ent D e a le rs .
B LS B u lletin 1584-1_________________________________________________________________
G en era l M erch a n d ise S to res . B LS B u lletin 1584-2___________ -___________________
F ood S to res. B LS B u lletin 1584-3__________________________________________________
A u tom otive D e a le rs and G asolin e S e r v ic e Stations. B LS B u lletin 1584-4______
A p p a re l and A c c e s s o r y S to res. B LS B u lletin 1584-5____________________________
F u rn itu re, H om e F u rn ish in gs, and H ousehold A p p lia n ce S to res .
B LS B u lletin 1584-6_________________________________________________________________
M iscella n eo u s R e ta il S to res . B LS B u lletin 1584-7_________________________________

.50
.40
1.00

* Studies o f the e ffe c ts o f the $ 1 m in im u m w age.



☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING O F FIC E : 1971 O - 484-786 (34)

.30
.55
.60
.50
.55
.50
.65




BUREAU OF LABO R ST A T IST IC S
REGIONAL OFFICES

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

Region II
341 Ninth Ave., Rm. 1025
New York, N.Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region VI
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

• •

Regions VII and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102