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Industry
Wage Survey

Footwear
March 1971
Bulletin 17 92

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau off Labor Statistics
1973




Industry
Wage Survey

Footwear
March 1971
Bulletin 1 7 9 2

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner
1973

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P reface
This bulletin summarizes the results of a Bureau of Labor Statistics survey of wages and related
benefits in the footwear manufacturing industry in March 1971. A similar survey was conducted in
March 1968 (BLS Bulletin 1634).
Information is provided separately for major product branches in the industry. Separate releases
were issued in late 1971 for the following States and areas:
Men’s Goodyear-welt dress shoes:
Maine
Brockton, Mass.
Tennessee
Wisconsin
Women’s cement-process (conventional-lasted) shoes:
Maine
Boston-Lynn, Mass.
Haverhill, Mass.
Lawrence -Lowell, Mass.
Southeastern New Hampshire
New York, N.Y.
Arkansas
Missouri
Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif.
Misses’ and children’s Goodyear-welt shoes:
Southeastern Pennsylvania
Copies of these releases are available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C. 20212,
or any of its regional offices.
This study was conducted in the Bureau’s Office of Wages and Industrial Relations. Joseph C.
Bush of the Division of Occupational Wage Structures prepared the analysis in the bulletin. Field
work for the survey was directed by the Assistant Regional Directors for Operations.
Other reports available from the Bureau’s program of industry wage studies, as well as the
addresses of the Bureau’s regional offices, are listed at the end of this bulletin.




H
i




C o n te n ts
Page

S u m m ary ..............................................................................................................................................................................1
Industry characteristics.............................
1
P r o d u c ts ...........................................................................................................................................................................2
L o c a tio n ...........................................................
2
Size of establishment ....................................................................................................................................................2
U nionization.................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Occupations and s e x ....................................................................................................................................................... 2
Method of wage payment ............................................................................................................................................. 3
Average hourly earnings ....................................................................................................................................................... 3
Occupational earnings ...........................................................................................................................................................4
Establishment practices and supplementary wage p ro v isio n s.............................................................................................5
Scheduled weekly hours and shift p r a c tic e s ................................................................................................................ 5
Paid holidays ................................................................................................................................................................. 5
Paid v a c a tio n s ................................................................................................................................................................. 6
Health, insurance, and retirement p l a n s ................................................................................................................
6
Other selected benefits ................................................................................................................................................. 6
Tables:
Average hourly earnings:
1. By selected characteristics.......................................................................................................................7
Earnings distribution:
2. Footwear in d u s try ....................................................................................................................................8
3. Men’s Goodyear-welt dress shoes ..........................................................................................................9
4. Men’s Goodyear-welt work shoes ........................................................................................................10
5. Men’s cement-process s h o e s ..................................................................................................................10
6. Women’s cement-process (conventional-lasted) shoes ....................................................................... 11
7. Misses’ and children’s cement-process
(conventional-lasted) s h o e s .............................................................................................................. 12
8. Misses’ and children’s Goodyear-welt shoes ....................................................................................... 12
9. Moccasin-constructed shoes with hand-sewn p l u g ..............................................................................13
Occupational earnings:
Men’s Goodyear-welt dress shoes—
10. All establishm ents.................................................................................................................................. 14
11. By size of c o m m u n ity ........................................................................................................................... 17
12. By size of establishm ent........................................................................................................................ 18
13. By size of establishment and size of com m unity.................................................................................19
14. Maine ..................................................................................................................................................... 21
15. Brockton, Mass..........................................................................................................................................23
16. Tennessee ...............................................................................................................................................25
17. Wisconsin ...............................................................................................................................................27
Men’s Goodyear-welt work shoes—
18. All establishm ents..................................................................................................................................30




v

C o n te n ts — C o n tin u e d
Page

Tables—
Continued
Occupational earnings—
Continued
Men’s cement-process shoes—
19. All establishm ents................................................................................................................................ 32
Women’s cement-process (conventional-lasted) shoes—
20. All establishm ents.................................................................................................................................... 33
21. By size of c o m m u n ity ..............................................................................................................................37
22. By size of establishm ent...........................................................................................................................39
23. By size of establishment and size of co m m u n ity ................................................................................... 41
24. Maine ........................................................................................................................................................ 43
25. Boston-Lynn, Mass.................................................................................................................
45
26. Haverhill, Mass............................................................................................................................................. 47
27. Lawrence-Lowell, Mass............................................................................................................................... 48
28. Southeastern New H a m p sh ire .................................................................................................................50
29. New York, N.Y............................................................................................................................................ 52
30. A rkansas.....................................................................................................................................................54
31. M isso u ri.....................................................................................................................................................56
32. Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif...................................................................................................................59
Misses’ and children’s cement-process (conventional-lasted) shoes—
33. All establishm ents.....................................................................................................................................61
Misses’ and children’s Goodyear-welt shoes—
34. All establishm ents.................................................................................................................................... 62
35. Southeastern Pennsylvania....................................................................................................................... 64
Moccasin-constructed shoes with hand-sewn plug36. All establishm ents.................................................................................................................................... 66
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
37. Method of wage payment .......................................................................................................................67
38. Scheduled weekly h o u r s .......................................................................................................................... 67
39. Paid holidays ...........................................................................................................................................68
40. Paid v a c a tio n s ...........................................................................................................................................69
41. Health, insurance, and retirement p l a n s ................................................................................................ 70
42. Other selected benefits ...........................................................................................................................71
Appendixes:
A. Scope and method of survey
B. Occupational descriptions .




73
78

Fo otw ear, M a rc h 1971
Summary
Straight-time earnings of production and related
workers in the leather footwear manufacturing industry
averaged $2.42 an hour in March 1971} Workers in the
New England region, three-tenths of the 145,518
workers within scope of the Bureau’s survey, averaged
$2.52; averages in the other regions ranged from $2.61
in the Great Lakes to $2.16 in the Border States.
Over nine-tenths of the industry’s production workers
earned from $1.60 to $4 an hour. The middle-half of the
workers ranged between $1.88 and $2.77. Factors
contributing to this wide dispersion of earnings included
the variety of job skills required by the industry,
extensive use of incentive wage systems, and pay levels
which varied according to location and type of footwear.
Women’s cement process (conventional lasted) shoes
had the highest employment of the seven branches
studied and accounted for approximately 4 of 10
workers in the industry; workers in these plants averaged
$2.44 an hour. Earnings levels in the other branches
ranged from $2.63 for workers in plants primarily
making misses’ and children’s Goodyear-welt shoes to
$2.31 for those in misses’ and children’s cement-process
(conventional-lasted) shoe plants.
Wage levels also varied widely among occupations
within each branch. In the women’s cement process
(conventional-lasted) shoe plants for example, average
earnings for a number of highly populated jobs were
$2.40 for repairers, $2.41 for fancy stitchers; $2.88 for
cement process sole attachers; $3.12 for machine side
lasters; and $3.19 for machine cutters of the vamp and
whole shoe.
Paid holidays, paid vacations, and life, hospitaliza­
tion, and surgical insurance were provided to almost all
production and office workers. Sickness and accident
insurance, and private retirement pension plans covered
nearly three-fifths and two-thirds of the plantworkers,
respectively.

Industry characteristics
Footwear manufacturing plants within scope of the
survey employed 145,518 production and related



1

workers in March 1971— reduction of nearly 16
a
percent since a similar Bureau study in March 1968.2
Employment declined most in New England (down 29
percent) and the Middle West (24 percent), and, in
women’s cement-process, conventional lasted, shoes (26
percent), and moccasin-constructed shoes with handsewn plug (49 percent) branches of the industry. Plant
closings contributed to these employment declines.
There were 577 establishments within scope of the 1971
survey compared with 674 in 1968. The mean-size plant
(285 total employees), however, was virtually the same
in both surveys.
Approximately 41.7 million pairs of shoes (except
slippers and rubber footwear) were produced in March
1971—15 percent less than the 49.1 million pairs
manufactured in March 1968.3Men’s shoe production
decreased 4 percent and women’s and misses’ 24 percent
while shoe imports climbed steadily. In 1968, the United
States imported 23.8 million pairs of men’s leather shoes
compared with 36.6 million in 1971— 54-percent
a
increase.4 Corresponding imports of women’s shoes were
64 million pairs in 1968 and 95.6 million in 1971 (49
percent increase), and leather ski boots and other leather
athletic footwear, 2.5 million in 1968 and 6 million in
1971 (137-percent rise). The domestic production of
shoes with soles vulcanized to fabric uppers, another
competitor to the domestic leather footwear industry,
increased only 2 percent from 15.3 million pairs in
March 1968 to 15.7 million pairs in March 1971.5
In the leather footwear industry, productivity
declined between 1968 and 1971. The 1971 index for
output per man-hour of all employees was 101.3
1 See appendix A for scope and method of survey and for
definitions of the regions used in the study. Earnings data
exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
2 See Industry Wage Survey: Footwear, March 1968 (BLS
Bulletin 1634,1969).
3 Current industrial Reports, Shoes and Slippers, Series M31
A(71)-3 and M31 A(69)-3, Bureau of the Census.
4 U.S. Imports for Consumption and General Imports,
SIC-Based Products, Report FT210,1968 annual and Report FT
210, 1971 annual, Bureau of the Census. Data relate to imports
for consumption.
5 Current Industrial Reports, Shoes and Slippers.

(1967=100) compared with 103.5 in 1968.6 The 101.3
figure was substantially less than the 114.4 reported for
the index on all manufacturing industries.7
Products. The industry makes a wide variety of shoes in
many combinations of sizes, styles, and shapes, and by
several different methods of construction.8 Data in this
report are tabulated separately for seven industry
branches which accounted for slightly over four-fifths of
the industry’s labor force. Establishments in these
branches were classified according to the predominant
method of construction (bottoming, i.e., the means by
which the outsole is attached to the shoe) and type of
shoe manufactured—
men’s (dress and work), women’s,
misses’, children’s, and infants’. Text table 1 presents the
proportions of production workers in the branches for
which data are tabulated. Other important types of
leather footwear produced by the industry include
women’s littleway (McKay) shoes and leather footwear
with vulcanized or injection molded shoe construction.
Location. Four of the eight regions studied separately
employed slightly more than three-fourths of the work
force: New England, three-tenths; Middle Atlantic,
about one-fifth; and the Southeast and Great Lakes,
slightly over one-eighth each. The Border States was the
only region that gained employment (4 percent)
between the 1968 and 1971 surveys. In the other
regions, except the Southeast,9 employment declined
from 29 percent in New England to 6 and 7 percent,
respectively, in the Middle Atlantic and Southwest.
The regional mix varied substantially among these
seven industry branches. Workers in New England, for
example, made up four-fifths of those in the moccasinconstructed shoe branch, in contrast to one-fifth in
men’s Goodyear-welt dress shoes and one-third in
women’s cement process (conventional lasted) shoes.
As in the 1968 survey, workers in metropolitan areas
accounted for slightly more than two-fifths of the
industry’s work force. The corresponding proportions
for the major regions were New England, one-half; the
Middle Atlantic, four-fifths; Southeast, one-fifth; the
Great Lakes, three-tenths; and the Middle West, onetenth. Variations by industry branch ranged from
approximately one-fifth to one-half, as shown in text
table 1.
6 Indexes o f Output Per Man-Hour, Selected Industries,
1972 Edition (BLS Bulletin 1758,1972).
7 Table 33,Monthly Labor Review, March 1973, p. 126.
® For descriptions of various shoe construction methods, see
How American Shoes Are Made, United Shoe Machinery
Corporation, Boston, Mass., 1966.

Text table 1. Percent of production workers in foot­
wear plants by selected characteristics, United States,
1971

Primary
product

Men's Goodyear-welt
dress s h o e s ................
Men's Goodyear-welt
work sh o e s................
Men's cement-process
shoes...........................
Women’s cementprocess (conven­
tional lasted)
shoes ..........................
Misses' and chil­
dren's cementprocess (conven­
tional lasted)
shoes...........................
Misses' and chil­
dren's Goodyearwelt shoes..................
Moccasin-constructed
shoes with handsewn p lu g ..................

Establishments—
All
establishments In metro­ With 250 With
politan workers
union
areas
or more contracts
19

47

78

45

5

43

72

44

9

34

68

49

39

42

76

53

6

22

71

52

3

52

79

65

3

34

67

6

Size o f establishment. Establishments employing at least
250 workers accounted for three-fourths of the work
force. Regionally, the proportions ranged from about
nine-tenths in the Middle West to four-tenths in the
Pacific. Plants of this size employed at least two-thirds
of the workers in each of the industry branches studied
separately. (See text table 1).
U n io n iza tio n . Establishments which had labor
management contracts covering a majority of their
production workers accounted for slightly less than
one-half of the industry’s production workers. Such
establishments employed approximately one-third of the
workers in New England, two-fifths in the Middle
Atlantic, three-tenths in the Southeast, three-fourths in
the Great Lakes region, and nine-tenths in the Middle
West. Text table 1 presents the proportions of workers
in union establishments for seven industry branches. The
major unions in the industry were the United Shoe
Workers of America and the Boot and Shoe Workers
Union, both AFL-CIO affiliates.

Occupations and sex. Shoemaking includes the assembly
of many separate parts through a series of carefully
controlled hand and machine operations. Some occupa­
9
Data for the Southeast region were not published in March tions in shoe factories require relatively short training
1968 because they did not meet publication criteria.
periods, e.g., floor boys and girls; other jobs, such as



2

ments in the industry between 1968 and 1971 better
explains the lagging earnings movements in footwear. In
1970, for example, the median general wage increase
under union contracts covering at least 1,000 workers in
footwear (approximately 63,000 workers) was 15 cents
compared with a median adjustment of 26.3 cents per
hour for similar collective bargaining agreements in all
manufacturing.14 Two settlements negotiated in early
1971 provided no general wage adjustment in the first
year of the contract. The United Shoe Workers,
representing 3,500 employees, signed such an agreement
w i t h s ho e m a n u f a c t u r e r s in N o r t h e a s t e r n
Massachusetts—
“Profits pinched by increasing competi­
tion from abroad” was cited as the reason.15 The other
agreement was between the Brotherhood of Shoe
Workers, representing 1,050 employees, and Frolic
Footwear, Inc., in Arkansas.
Men, accounting for nearly three-eighths of the
industry’s production workers, averaged $2.72 an hour
in March 1971 compared with $2.25 for women. Wage

vamp and whole shoe cutters, are highly skilled. A large
number of workers operate various cutting, sewing,
lasting, and bottoming machines.
Women, slightly less than two-thirds of the labor
force, frequently are employed in top stitching, fitting,
and inspection operations. Men, on the other hand, are
prevalent in various cutting, lasting, bottoming, and
maintenance jobs.
Method o f wage paym ent Incentive wage systems,
usually based on individual piecework, applied to nearly
three-fourths of the production workers (See table 37).
The proportions of incentive workers ranged from about
two-fifths in the Pacific region to slightly over four-fifths
in the Border States and Middle West. Among the
industry branches, incentive workers constituted
between two-thirds and four-fifths of the employment.
A majority of the workers in nearly all of the plant jobs
selected for separate study were paid incentive rates;
occupations which were usually time rated included
floor boys and girls, inspectors (crowners), janitors, and
maintenance mechanics.
A majority of the time workers were employed in
plants having formal rate structures. These workers were
divided nearly equally between systems that had single
rates and those that had range of rates for an
occupation.

Straight-time earnings of the 145,518 production and
related workers covered by the survey averaged $2.42 an
hour in March 197110 (See table 1). This 15-percent
increase was higher than the $2.10 recorded in the
Bureau’s March 1968 study of leather footwear plants11
and compares with a 20-percent rise for production
workers in all manufacturing industries.12 Increases in
regional averages for the footwear industry varied from
24 percent in the Middle West and 22-percent in the
Great Lakes to 13-percent in both the New England
States and Southwest. Between the 1968 and 1971
surveys wages also increased among industry branches
from 10-percent for moccasin-constructed shoes with
hand-sewn plug to 22-percent for men’s Goodyear-welt
work shoes. Other branches ranged from 14 to 18
percent.

10 The straight-time hourly earnings presented in this
bulletin are not comparable with the gross average hourly
earnings published in the Bureau’s monthly hours and earnings
series. The monthly series combines data for plants primarily
manufacturing nonrubber footwear designed for street, work,
play, or sportswear and for plants making house slippers as their
primary product; the latter group and footwear plants employing
fewer than 50 workers were not included in this study.
Additionally, unlike the monthly series, estimates here exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts. Average earnings were calculated by summing
individual hourly earnings and dividing by the number of
individuals; in the monthly series, the sum of the man-hour
totals reported by establishments in the industry was divided
into the reported payroll totals.
Estimates of the number of production workers within scope
of the study are intended only as a general guide to the size and
composition of the labor force in the survey. Planning for the
survey required the assembling of lists of establishments con­
siderably in advance of data collection. Thus, establishments new
to the industry are omitted, as are establishments originally
classified in the footwear manufacturing industry but found in
other industries at the time of the survey. Also omitted are
footwear plants classified incorrectly in other industries at the
time the lists were compiled.
11 BLS Bulletin 1634.
12 Based on the Bureau’s hourly earnings index, adjusted for
seasonal variations, overtime, and interindustry employment
shifts.

As indicated in the discussion of industry characteris­
tics, employment shifted among regions and types of
footwear plants between surveys. This movement,
however, does not appear to be a major factor in the
relatively low increase in the overall average for the
3-year period.13 Perhaps, the nature of wage adjust­

13 It is estimated that such shifts account for only a 2-cent
decline in the overall 1971 average. Holding employment
constant between surveys by region or type of footwear resulted
in both cases, in a computed average of $2.44 rather than $2.42.
14 Based on the Bureau’s Current Wage Developments
program.
15 See “Developments in Industrial Relations,” Monthly
Labor Review, March 1971, p. 78.

Average hourly earnings




3

advantages for men over women were found in all
regions ranging from 29 cents in the Southeast to 57
cents in the New England and Great Lakes States.
Average pay levels for men and women differ for several
reasons, including the variation in the distribution of the
sexes among establishments with differing pay scales
and, as pointed out in the discussion of industry
characteristics, among jobs with differing skill and pay
levels.
Differences in average earnings for men and women in
the same job and area may reflect minor differences in
duties performed. Job descriptions in wage surveys
usually are more generalized than those in individual
establishments to allow for minor differences among
establishments in specific duties performed. Also,
production at piece rates determine the earnings of
many workers. Variation in incentive earnings for
individuals or sex groupings may be traceable to dif­
ferences in work experience, work flow, or other factors
which the worker may or may not control.
Regionally, average hourly earnings ranged from
$2.61 in the Great Lakes to $2.16 in the Border States.
The remaining regions averaged $2.18 in the Southeast
and Southwest; $2.39 in the Pacific; $2.42 in the Middle
Atlantic; $2.47 in the Middle West, and $2.52 in New
England. The regional variations in pay levels resulted
partly from differences in the type of footwear
produced. Other factors, however, including the general
differences in pay among regions, also were important.
Among the seven industry branches, pay levels ranged
from $2.63 for workers in plants primarily making
misses’ and children’s Goodyear-welt shoes to $2.31 for
those making misses: and children’s cement process
(conventional lasted) shoes. Neither of these branches,
however, accounted for more than 6 percent of the
footwear work force. On the other hand, 58 percent of
the workers were employed in the two major branches—
women’s cement process (conventional-lasted) shoes and
men’s Goodyear-welt dress shoes—
where hourly earnings
averaged $2.44 and $2.48, respectively.
Earnings relationships among the branches differed in
New England and the Great Lakes, the only regions
providing sufficient comparisions. In both regions,
averages were lowest for the women’s cement-process
(conventional-lasted) shoes. Pay levels in the men’s
Goodyear welt dress were 6 percent higher than those in
women’s shoes in New England and 8 percent higher
than those in the Great Lakes. The spread in averages
between the men’s and the women’s cement process
shoe branches was 2 percent in New England and 12
percent in the Great Lakes.
Among areas and States studied separately, average
hourly earnings ranged from $3.42 for New York




4

metropolitan area workers in the women’s cement
process (conventional lasted) branch to $2.27 for their
counterparts in Arkansas. (See individual earnings
tables.) Earnings levels also varied in this branch shoe
center in Massachusetts: $2.61 in Boston-Lynn; $2.67 in
Lawrence-Lowell; and $2.75 in Haverhill. In the men’s
Goodyear-welt dress shoe branch, averages among the
three States and one area studied separately ranged from
$2.30 in Tennessee to $2.93 in Brockton, Massachusetts.
Workers in metropolitan areas averaged $2.50 an
hour— cents more than those in smaller communities.
14
In all but one region permitting comparisons, metro­
politan area workers averaged from 3 to 19 cents more
an hour than those in smaller communities. In the
Border States, the averages were identical ($2.16).
In the New England, Border States, Great Lakes, and
Middle West regions, average hourly earnings in plants
with 250 workers or more were from 5 to 27 cents
higher than earnings in smaller plants. In the Middle
Atlantic States, the relationship was reversed, with a
difference of 14 cents between the averages. This
variation is due partly to the heavy concentration of
employment in the small plants in the relatively highwage New York area. The nationwide relationship
($2.40 for workers in smaller plants and $2.42 in larger
plants) resulted largely from the regional mix of the two
size groups.
These comparisons of average hourly earnings do not
isolate the influence of individual characteristics as a
determinant of wages. Thus, the wage differences noted
in the preceding paragraphs may reflect the interrelation­
ship of these and other factors, including unionization
and method of wage payment.
All but 4 percent of the workers earned from $1.60
to $4 an hour; the middle half in the array ranged
between $1.88 and $2.77 (See table 2). Nationwide, 8
percent of the workers were paid at or slightly more
than the Federal minimum wage, $1.60 but less than
$1.65 an hour. The heaviest concentrations at this
earnings interval were 14 to 16 percent in the Border
States, Southeast, and Southwest; 6 percent or less was
recorded in the remaining regions. Among industry
branches studied separately, proportions in the
$1.60-$ 1.65 interval ranged from 13 percent in
moccasin-constructed shoes with hand-sewn plug to less
than 3 percent for workers making misses’ and children’s
Goodyear-welt shoes (See tables 2-9).

Occupational earnings

Average hourly earnings of workers in a number of
occupations for seven industry branches are presented in

tables 10-36. These occupations, a relatively small
proportion of those found in the industry, are arranged
in the sequence of major shoemaking processes in the
tables, and were chosen primarily to represent wage
levels for the types of skills and operations used in
manufacturing footwear.16
Cutting shoe uppers and linings—
first of the major
operations— usually performed on machines. Vamp
is
and whole shoe machine cutters earned from $3.60 in
the misses’ and children’s Goodyear-welt branch to
$2.72 an hour in plants making moccasin-constructed
shoes with hand-sewn plug. The $2.72 average declined
between surveys from $3.06 recorded in 1968 due to
employment changes among regions in that branch. New
England machine cutters of moccasin shoes accounted
for 56 percent of the nationwide workers in 1971 while
averaging $3.22 an hour compared with 86 percent and a
$3.15 level in 1968.
Fitting operations, which typically are performed by
women, involve assembling and stitching upper parts and
linings to make complete shoe uppers. Fancy stitchers
(who sew decorative designs on shoe uppers) were
numerically most important of the selected jobs and, in
March 1971, had average earnings ranging from $2.10 to
$2.48 an hour among branches for which data could be
published. Pasters, backers, and fitters—
also a numeri­
cally important group—
usually averaged between 11 and
39 cents an hour less than fancy stitchers.
Lasting operations, generally performed by men,
include drawing the completed uppers over the last (a
footlike form) and attaching the insole. Machine
assemblers for the pulling over operation averaged $2.45
to $2.86 an hour among the branches for which data
could be shown. Where comparison was possible,
pullover-machine operators usually averaged from 37 to
69 cents an hour more than machine assemblers for
pullover. Average earnings for side lasters and toe lasters
ranged from $2.80 to $3.57 and from $2.80 to $3.42,
respectively, among industry branches.
Bottoming methods, as pointed out previously, differ
by type of shoe construction. Goodyear stitchers in
men’s Goodyear-welt dress shoe plants averaged $3.01
an hour, 2 cents less than their counterparts in men’s
Goodyear-welt work shoe plants and 19 cents less than
those in misses’ and children’s Goodyear-welt shoe
plants. Sole attachers in plants making women’s cementprocess shoes (conventional-lasted) averaged $2.88,
compared with $2.80 in plants making misses’ and
children’s cement-process (conventional-lasted) shoes.
Among the few occupations for which data are

presented for both sexes, men usually had higher average
earnings than women. This appears to result as much
from differences in the distribution of the sexes among
establishments with dissimilar pay levels, as from varia­
tions in earnings between men and women in the same
establishment. For example, among plants manufac­
turing women’s cement-process (conventional-lasted)
shoes in Missouri, men employed as vamp and whole
shoe machine cutters averaged 32 cents an hour more
than women. (See table 31.) Of the 15 plants visited,
however, 11 employed both men and women in the job;
in seven of these, women averaged more than men.
Occupational averages are presented by size of com­
munity and size of establishment for the two major
industry branches, men’s Goodyear-welt dress shoes and
women’s cement-process (conventional-lasted) shoes
(See tables 11-12 and 21-22). Also tabulated are job
averages for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas by
size of establishment in tables 13 and 23.
Earnings of individuals performing similar tasks varied
within the same establishment, particularly for incentive
jobs. In the 15 plants studied producing women’s
cement process (conventional-lasted) shoes in Missouri,
for example, the highest paid shoe machine cutter
exceeded the lowest paid by 70 cents to $2.10 an hour.

Establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions

Data were also obtained on certain establishment
practices supplementary wage and provisions for produc­
tion and office workers, including work schedules; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and
retirement plans.
Scheduled weekly hours and shift practices. Weekly
work schedules of 40 hours were in effect in plants
employing nearly nine-tenths of the production workers
(table 38). The largest proportions working less than 40
hours were the Southwest (23 percent) and the Middle
West (20 percent). For office workers, 40-hour schedules
were predominant in each region; shorter hours were
found most frequently in the Southwest and Great
Lakes, and longer hours, most frequently in the South­
east. Virtually all of the production workers were
employed on the day shift at the time of the survey.

Paid holidays. Nearly all production workers and officeworkers were employed in establishments providing paid
holidays, most commonly 8 or 9 days annually (table
16
Wage data for three office clerical jobs also are presented 39). A majority of the production workers were granted
8 or 9 days in each region except the Middle Atlantic
in a number of these tables.




5

and Border States, where holiday provisions were
slightly less liberal. Office workers were provided about
the same number o f holidays as plantworkers.
Paid vacations. Virtually all production workers and
officeworkers received paid vacations after qualifying
periods of service (table 40). A large majority of the
production workers received 1 week’s pay after 1 year of
service, 2 weeks after 5 years, and 3 weeks after 15
years. About one-tenth of the production workers were
in establishments providing 4 weeks’ vacation after 25
years of service; these provisions were found mostly in
the Southeast and Great Lakes regions. Vacation pro­
visions were slightly more liberal for officeworkers.
Health, insurance, and retirement plans. Slightly over
nine-tenths of the production workers were provided the
following types of insurance financed at least in part by
the employer: Life, hospitalization, and surgical (See
table 41). Slightly over four-fifths were covered by basic
medical policies; two-thirds by sickness and accident
insurance; nearly one-half by accidental death and
dismemberment insurance; and about two-fifths by
major medical plans. Coverage for some of these plans
varied widely among the regions. Major medical
insurance, for example, applied to three-fifths of the
workers in the Border States and Great Lakes, but to less
than one-tenth in the Middle West.
Retirement pension plans, providing regular payments
for the remainder of the retiree’s life (in addition to




Federal social security), were recorded in establishments
employing approximately three-fifths of the plantworkers. Among the regions, the proportions of plantworkers covered by pension plans ranged from one-third
in New England to over nine-tenths in the Middle West.
The proportions of officeworkers covered by such
health, insurance, and pension plans were generally
similar to those of production workers. Sick leave plans,
however, applied to nearly one-fourth of the officeworkers, but were virtually nonexistent for production
workers.
Other selected benefits. Provisions for pay while
attending funerals of immediate relatives applied to
three-fifths of the production and officeworkers. For
production workers, coverage ranged from less than
one-tenth in the Pacific States to more than nine-tenths
in the Middle West, and for officeworkers, it ranged
from two-thirds in the Border States to one-eighth in the
Pacific.
Provisions for separation pay because of technological
changes or plant closings were reported for slightly more
than one-fifth of the production workers and oneseventh of the officeworkers. Coverage, however, was
nonexistent for production workers in the Pacific, while
nearly three-fourths of the Middle West were provided
such benefits (table 42). For officeworkers, the propor­
tions under such provisions ranged from less than 5
percent in New England to about one-half in the Middle
West.

T a b le 1. A v e ra g e hourly earnings: B y selected characteristics
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in f o o tw e a r m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s b y s e le c te d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d
r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)

C h a r a c te ris tic

A ll w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------M en ---------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------------P r e d o m i n a n t ty p e o f s h o e : 3
M e n 's G o o d y e a r - w e lt d r e s s s h o e s ------------M e n 's G o o d y e a r - w e lt w o r k s h o e s ---------------M e n 's c e m e n t - p r o c e s s s h o e s ---------------------W o m e n 's c e m e n t - p r o c e s s ( c o n v e n tio n a lla ste d ) s h o e s ---------------------------------------------M i s s e s ' a n d c h i l d r e n 's c e m e n t - p r o c e s s
( c o n v e n t io n a l - l a s te d ) s h o e s ---------------------M is s e s ' a n d c h i l d r e n 's G o o d y e a r - w e lt
s h o e s ----------------------------------------------------------M o c c a s i n - c o n s t r u c t e d s h o e s w ith
h a n d - s e w n p lu g ------------------------------------------

Uni i e d
N<;w
— m s d ie
B o rd er
( jr e a i
k id d le
S o u th e a s t
S o u th w e s t
P a c if i c
S ta t e s 2
Eng Land
A tla: n tic
S t a te s
L akes
W e st
N um ber A v e ra g e N um ber A v e ra g e N um ber A v e ra g e N um ber A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N u m b er A v e ra g e N um ber A v e ra g e N u m b er A v erag e N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s
145, 518
51, 695
93, 823

$ 2 . 42
2. 72
2. 25

43, 976
17, 398
26, 578

$ 2 .5 2
2 .8 7
2. 30

27, 953
11, 087
16, 866

27, 577
7, 350
12, 506

2 .4 8
2. 49
2 .4 3

5, 841
2, 304
4, 223

2. 61
2 .6 2
2. 53

.
.
_

56, 551

2 .4 4

20, 042

2. 47

12, 317

8, 825

2 .3 1

_

_

_

$ 2 .4 2
2. 71
2. 23
_
_
.
2 .4 7
_

8, 92 4
2, 329
6, 595
_
_
_

$ 2 . 16
2. 39
2. 08

20, 598
7, 550
13, 048

$ 2 . 18
2 .3 6
2 .0 7

_

3, 401

2. 30

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

$ 2 . 61
3. 02
2. 45

_
_
_

4, 556
1, 923
2, 278

2. 71
2. 79
2. 83

2 .2 7

6, 605

2. 52

14, 179
4, 362
9, 817

$ 2 .4 7
2. 71
2 .3 7

1, 908
949
959

$ 2 . 39
2. 65
2. 14

5, 893

2. 51

1, 542

2. 40

2. 41

_

-

19, 110
5, 566
13, 544

_

2. 63

_

2 .4 8

3, 270

2. 60

-

S iz e o f c o m m u n ity :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s 4 -----------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------------------------

61, 510
84, 008

2 .5 0
2 .3 6

22, 238
21, 738

2. 61
2. 43

21, 882
6, 071

2. 46
2. 27

2, 288
6, 636

2. 16
2. 16

4, 274
16, 324

S iz e o f e s ta b l is h m e n t :
5 0 - 2 4 9 w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e -----------------------------------

39, 920
105, 598

2. 40
2. 42

15, 106
28, 870

2 .4 9
2. 54

9, 714
18, 239

2 .5 1
2 .3 7

2, 292
6, 632

1 .9 6
2. 23

17, 033

-

2, 962

_
_

_

4, 042

2. 26

_

_

$ 2 . 18
2 . 43
2. 08

2, 351

_

_

2. 15

3, 584

4, 644

1, 927

8, 670
2 ,4 4 6
6, 224

"

_

2. 20
2. 17

_
2. 19

_
7, 166

_
7, 235

-

2. 19

_
2 .2 2

.

_

“

_

-

_

5, 639
13, 471

2. 67
2 .5 9

12, 402

2 .4 7

_

4, 448
14, 662

2. 45
2 .6 6

2, 025
12, 154

2. 30
2. 50

1, 135

2. 49

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
3 d e l u d e s d a ta f o r t h e M o u n ta in r e g i o n in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y . F o r d e fin itio n o f r e g i o n s a n d a r e a s u s e d in t h i s a n d s u b s e q u e n t t a b l e s ,

s e e t a b l e in a p p e n d ix A a n d in d iv id u a l a r e a s t a b l e s
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e c l a s s i f i e d b y m a j o r t y p e s o f s h o e s p r o d u c e d d u r in g th e p r e c e d i n g y e a r . T h e a l l - w o r k e r s t o t a l in c lu d e s d a ta f o r e s ta b l is h m e n t s p r o d u c in g o t h e r ty p e s o f s h o e s in a d d itio n to those*
show n s e p a r a te ly ,
4 S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s a s d e fin e d by th e U. S. O ffic e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968.
N O TE :

D a s h e s in d ic a te no data r e p o r te d o r data that do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .




T a b le 2. Earning s distribution: Footw ear Industry
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s by a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,1 U n ited S ta te s and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , M a r ch 1971)
U n ite d S ta te s 2

N ew

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
T o ta l

M en

W o m en

M id d le

B o rd er

E n g la n d

A tla n tic

S t a te s

S o u th w e s t

G re a t

M id d le

L akes

S o u th e a s t

W e st

P a c if i c

$ 1. 60 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 6 5 --------------------------------------$ 1. 65 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 7 0 --------------------------------------$ 1. 70 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 7 5 ---------------------------------------

8. 0
2 .4
3 .6

4 .9
1 .6
2. 3

9 .7
2 .9
4 .3

5 .4
1 .9
4 .0

6 .3
2. 2
3 .8

1 5 .6
3 .5
4 .8

1 6 .0
2 .2
4 .0

1 3 .8
6 .2
4 .3

3 .8
2. 1
1 .5

5 .3
1. 6
3 .0

0. 2
9. 7
1 .6

$
$
$
$
$

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

75
80
85
90
95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 2.

8 0 --------------------------------------8 5 --------------------------------------9 0 --------------------------------------9 5 --------------------------------------0 0 ---------------------------------------

3 .8
4 .3
4 .2
3 .6
3 .2

2. 5
2 .8
2. 7
2 .6
2 .2

4 .5
5 .2
5. 1
4 .2
3 .7

3. 7
4 .3
3 .3
3 .6
2 .6

3 .4
4 .3
6 .5
4 .4
3 .8

4 .6
4 .9
5 .8
5. 1
4. 7

4. 1
3 .8
4. 1
3 .5
4 .4

5 .3
6 .9
5 .2
4 .4
2 .8

2 .6
3. 1
2 .4
2 .3
2. 1

3 .3
5 .2
3 .7
3 .0
2 .5

12. 7
3 .5
4. 5
3. 6
2 .9

$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2. 1 0 --------------------------------------$ 2 . 2 0 --------------------------------------$ 2 . 3 0 --------------------------------------$ 2 . 4 0 --------------------------------------$ 2. 5 0 ---------------------------------------

8. 7
7. 0
5 .9
4 .9
4 .4

6 .7
5 .5
5. 7
4. 7
3 .9

9 .7
7 .9
6 .0
5. 0
4 .8

9 .8
6 .4
5 .8
4 .2
4. 1

9 .2
5. 7
5. 7
4. 8
4 .4

7 .0
8 .4
5 .6
3 .2
4 .4

1 1 .2
7. 5
6 .6
5 .4
4 .8

7. 7
7. 0
4 .3
5. 1
3 .4

5 .6
7. 7
6 .9
6 .5
5 .5

6 .3
9 .6
6. 0
5 .5
4 .9

7 .9
4 .9
6. 2
4. 2
1 .9

$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 3.

6 0 --------------------------------------7 0 --------------------------------------8 0 --------------------------------------9 0 --------------------------------------0 0 ---------------------------------------

4. 7
3 .8
3 .5
3 .0
2. 7

5. 0
4. 2
3 .6
3 .7
3 .4

4 .5
3 .5
3 .4
2. 6
2 .4

4 .9
3 .8
3 .6
2 .8
2. 7

4.
3.
3.
2.
3.

2
7
1
7
2

4. 1
3 .6
3. 1
2. 3
1 .4

4 .4
2 .5
2 .8
2 .4
2. 1

3 .3
3 .0
1 .9
2 .8
2. 3

6. 0
5 .0
4 .5
4. 1
3 .5

4. 7
4 .5
4 .4
3 .8
2 .9

3. 9
3 .4
3. 3
2. 9
2. 8

$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

1 0 --------------------------------------2 0 --------------------------------------3 0 --------------------------------------4 0 --------------------------------------5 0 ---------------------------------------

2 .6
2. 3
1 .8
1 .5
1 .4

3 .8
3. 3
2 .9
2 .4
2 .4

1 .9
1 .8
1 .2
1 .0
.9

3. 1
2 .5
2 .0
1 .9
1. 6

2 .8
2 .5
1. 8
1 .4
1 .5

1 .5
1. 3
1. 0
.9
.5

1 .8
1. 1
.9
.8
1. 1

2 .0
1. 6
1. 0
.8
1. 1

2 .9
3 .4
2 .8
2. 0
1 .7

2. 6
2. 7
2. 2
1 .5
1 .7

2. 8
1. 6
1 .6
2. 2
1 .6

$
$
$
$
$

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.
$4.

6 0 --------------------------------------7 0 --------------------------------------8 0 --------------------------------------9 0 --------------------------------------0 0 ---------------------------------------

1. 2
1. 1
.9
.7
.6

2 .0
1 .9
1 .8
1 .3
1. 1

.8
.6
.5
.4
.3

1 .5
1 .3
1. 1
1 .0
.8

1. 0
1. 1
1 .0
.7
.5

.4
.5
.5
.2
.2

.5
.4
.5
.2
. 1

1. 1
.8
.4
.4
.6

1 .8
1 .3
1. 1
1 .0
. 7

1. 7
1 .4
1. 3
.8
.5

1. 9
1. 3
1. 5
.5
.5

$ 4 . 00
$ 4 . 10
$ 4 . 20
$ 4 . 30
$ 4 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$4.
$4.
$4.
$ 4.
$ 4.

1 0 --------------------------------------2 0 --------------------------------------3 0 --------------------------------------4 0 --------------------------------------5 0 ---------------------------------------

.6
.5
.5
.4
.4

1. 2
1 .0
1 .0
.8
.9

.3
.2
.2
. 1
. 1

.8
.8
.6
.5
.7

.8
.5
.5
.3
.5

.2

. 1
. 1
. 1

.8
.7
.8
.6
.4

. 7
.4
.5
.3
.2

$ 4 . 50 a n d o v e r ----------------------------------------------------

1. 6

4 .4

.3

2 .8

1 .8

2. 7

1 .4

.9
100. 0

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

(1
3)
2

b

.2
.2
•

1

.4

.2

( 3)
. 1

b1
.2

.
.
1.
.
.

9
6
0
6
2

T o ta l ----------------------------------------------------------

1 0 0 .0

100. 0

100. 0

1 0 0 .0

100. 0

100. 0

1 0 0 .0

100. 0

100. 0

1 0 0 .0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------

145, 518

51, 695

93, 823

43, 976

27, 953

8, 924

20, 598

8, 670

19, 110

14, 179

1, 908

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 ----------------------------------

$ 2 . 42

$ 2 .7 2

$ 2 . 25

$ 2 .5 2

$ 2 .4 2

$ 2 . 16

$ 2 . 18

$ 2 . 18

$ 2 .6 1

$ 2 . 47

$ 2 . 39




1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r t h e M o u n ta in r e g i o n in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 L e s s th a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .
NO TE :

B e c a u s e o f rounding, s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t equal 100.

T a b le 3. Ea rn in g s distribution:

M en’s G oodyear-w elt dre ss sho es

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s by a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s, 1 U n ite d S ta te s and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , M a rch 1971)
U n ite d S t a te s 2
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1

N ew
E n g la n d

S o u th e a s t

G reat
Lakes

T o ta l

M en

W om en

$ 1. 60 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 6 5 __________________________________________________
$ 1. 65 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 7 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 70 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

5 .2

4 .3

2 .0
2 .8

5 .7
2. 7
3. 7

3. 7
' 1. 2

1 .4

2 .6

1 0 .5
2. 7
3 .4

1. 8 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------1. 8 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. 7
3 .5
4. 0
4 .0
3 .3

2. 1
1.8

3. 1
4 .6
4. 3
4 .6
4 .0

2 .4
3. 9
3 .5
5. 5
2 .9

1.
2.
2.
2.
4.

4
3
7

3. 1
2 .4

2. 1 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 . 2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

9 .2
7 .8
6 .6

5. 1
4. 6

6 .9
5 .8
5. 7
5. 0
4. 2

10.6

2. 3 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2. 4 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

8. 7
7. 2
6 .4
5. 1
3 .8

13. 6
8. 1
7. 2
5. 6
4 .9

5. 5
9. 4
7. 7
5. 7
5 .4

$
$
$
$
$

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

00 a n d
10 a n d
20 a n d
30 a n d
40 a n d

under
under
t in d e r
under
tin d e r

$
$
$
$
$

$
$
$
$
$

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

tin d e r
t in d e r
tin d e r
t in d e r
tin d e r

$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 3.

6 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------7 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------8 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------9 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------0 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4. 7
4 .2
4 .0
3. 1
3. 1

4. 7
4 .2
4 .4
4. 1
3 .9

4. 7
4 .2
3 .8
2 .5

$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

tin d e r $ 3. 1 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------t in d e r $ 3. 2 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------t in d e r $ 3. 3 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------tin d e r $ 3. 4 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------t in d e r $ 3. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. 1
2 .9
2. 1

3 .7
4 .2
2 .9
2 .7
2 .3

2. 7

3.
$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

tin d e r $ 3. 6 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------t in d e r $ 3. 7 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------t in d e r $ 3. 8 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------t in d e r $ 3. 9 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 4 . 0 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 .2
1. 2

$4.
$4.
$4.
$4.
$4.

00 a n d tin d e r $ 4 . 1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

.5

10
20
30
40

.9

$

75
80
85
90
95

1.0

and
and
and
and

tin d e r
under
under
tin d e r

1. 9 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. 9 5 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2. 0 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

$4.
$4.
$4.
$4.

1.8

1 .5

3 .5
3 .0
2 .2

9. 1
7. 1
5 .2
4 .9

3. 6
3 .4
4. 1
3. 2
3 .3

4.
3.
4.
2.
2.

1.0

3 .5
2. 5
1 .4
2. 0
2. 1

2.
1.
1.
1.

1 .9

.8

1. 6

.7
.5
.5
.4

1. 1
1. 1

.9

2 .0
1.6

.8

1 .4

.7

1.2

2 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------3 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

.6

1.0

.5
.3
.3

.9

1.8

4 .0

2 .0

1 .5
1. 3

.
.
.
.

3
3

.5

$ 4. 50 a n d o v e r -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 .6

.6

2
1

1. 4
1. 3

.8
.8
.7
. 6
.4

.3

3 .9

0. 9
.7
.9

9

3. 4

6

2. 6
1. 9

6

1
2
7
6

7
9
0

9

1.6

5. 2
5. 6
4. 8
2. 9
3 .2
3.
2.
2.
2.
l!

2
9
9
3
8

.8
.7
.6
.3
.4

2. 3
1. 4

.4

1. 1
1. 1
1. 2
7

. i

.2
\z

#
1

1 2
1. 1
L3

.5
3 .9

T o t a l .................................................................................................................................

100. 0

100. 0

100.0

100.0

100. 0

100. 0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

27, 577

10, 830

16, 747

5, 841

3, 401

4, 556

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

$ 2 . 48

$ 2 . 71

$ 2 . 32

$ 2. 61

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .7 1




E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e show n s e p a r a te l y .
3 L e s s t h a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

NO TE :

B e c a u s e o f rounding, su m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not eq u a l 100.

T a b le 4. E a rn in g s distribution: M e n ’s G oo dyea r-w elt work sh o e s

T a b le 5. E a rn in g s distribution: M e n ’s ce m e n t-p ro ce s s sh o es

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , 1
U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , 1
U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)

U n ite d S ta te s 1
2
T o ta l

M en

3 .7

3.2
.5
1.5

$ 1 .6 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .6 5 ____________________________
$1.6 5 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .7 0 ........................................................
$ 1 .7 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .7 5 -------------------------------------------

3 .0

1.1

$1.7 5
$ 1 .8 0
$1.8 5
$ 1 .9 0
$1.9 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .8 0 ____________________________
$ 1 .8 5 ____________________________
$ 1 .9 0 ____________________________
$ 1 .9 5 ____________________________
$ 2.00 -------------------------------------------

3 .0
4 .8
3 .9
4 .5
2 .9

$ 2.00
$2.10
$2.20
$ 2 .3 0
$ 2 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2.10 ____________________________
$ 2.20 ____________________________
$ 2 .3 0 _____________ ______________
$ 2 .4 0 ______ _____________________
$ 2 .5 0 -------------------------------------------

10.2

$ 2 .5 0
$ 2 .6 0
$ 2 .7 0
$ 2 .8 0
$ 2 .9 0
$ 3 .0 0
$ 3 .1 0
$ 3 .2 0
$ 3 .3 0
$ 3 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 .6 0 ____________________________
$ 2 .7 0 ____ _____________ ____ ____
$ 2 .8 0 ____________________________
$ 2 .9 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .0 0 .........................................................
$ 3 .1 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .2 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .3 0 ........................................................
$ 3 .4 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .5 0 -------------------------------------------

5 .9
5 .8
5 .7
5 .7
4 .1
4 .0
3 .6
3 .3
3 .0
3 .8
2 .5
2 .3
2.1

1.4

$ 3 .5 0
$ 3 .6 0
$ 3 .7 0
$ 3 .8 0
$ 3 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 .6 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .7 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .8 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .9 0 ____________________________
$ 4 .0 0 -------------------------------------------

1.4

$ 4 .0 0
$ 4 .1 0
$ 4 .2 0
$ 4 .3 0
$ 4 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 .1 0 ____________________________
$4.2oI~ I__ I~ II_ T
!
$ 4 .3 0 ____________________________
$ 4 .4 0 .................................................. ......
$ 4 .5 0 -------------------------------------------

.8

1.1
1.2
.8
.6

1.6

3.7
2 .7
2 .4
2 .9
10.4
5.5
6.8

5.5
5 .5
3.0
3.3
2.6

3 .3
3 .7
4 .7
2 .7
3 .9
3.0
1.3
1.7
1.9

U n ite d S t a te s 2

N ew
E n g la n d

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
W o m en

G reat
L akes

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

1.5
.5
.9

$ 1 .6 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .65
7
7. 7 !
$1 .6 5 a n d u n d e r $ i .7 o „ I ~ ~ I I I _ ”
$ 1 .7 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .7 5 ..........................................................

3 .3
3 .0
1.7
1.4
2 .3

$1 .7 5
$ 1 .8 0
$1 .8 5
$ 1 .9 0
$1 .9 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

4 .8
5 .8
5 .6
6.7
5 .6

$ 2.00
$ 2.10
$2.20
$ 2 .3 0
$ 2 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

$ 2 .5 0
$ 2 .6 0
$ 2 .7 0
$ 2 .8 0
$ 2 .9 0

4 .1
1.6

.3

4 .3

1.6

4 .1
5 .6
4 .9

1.7
5 .9
3.2
4 .1

6.2
2.8

2.0

10.1

11.8

6.3
5 .0
5 .8
5 .9

4 .6
4 .9
4 .5
6.3

5.1
4 .6
4 .3
3 .3
2 .4

3.5
5 .4
4 .6
3.5
3 .0

3.1
2 .3

5 .7
4 .8
3 .9
4 .9
3.5

4 .5
3 .9
3.1
2.8
1.6

1.1

1.3
1.6

5 .7
3 .0
3 .8
2.6

2 .3

1.2

1.2

3.0

.5

1.7
2 .4

1.6
1.1

2.1

.6

1.4
.7

.4
.4

1.0

.7

1.9
.7

1.6
.8
1.1

.2
.2
.1

.8

1.1

.9

.3

.8
1.0

.2

.5
.4

•1

.7
.5
.3
.5

2.0

4 .1

.3

2 .5

T o ta l

M en

6.7
1.4

3.1
.4

2.6

1.6

$i .fin
$ 1 .8 5 ____________________________
$ 1 .9 0 ____________________________
$ 1 .9 5 ________________ ____________
$ 2 . 00. ------------------------------------------

4 .4

3.7

2.8

under
under
under
under
under

$2.10 ____________________________
$2.20 ____________________________
$ 2 .3 0 ..........................................................
$ 2 .4 0 ..........................................................
$ 2 .5 0 ..........................................................

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
tin d e r
under

$ 2 .6 0 ____________________________

$ 3 .0 0
$ 3 .1 0
$ 3 .2 0
$ 3 .3 0
$ 3 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

$ 3 .5 0
$ 3 .6 0
$ 3 .7 0
$ 3 .8 0
$ 3 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

$ 4 .0 0
$ 4 .1 0
$ 4 .2 0
$ 4 .3 0
$ 4 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

N ew
E n g la n d

W o m en

G reat
Lakes

8.8

2 .4

1.5

1.9
3.2

2.1

1.1

4 .2

.4

3.4
1.9
4 .0
2 .4

.7

1.2
2.8
2.0
2.8

4 .8
3.8
5 .4
3.1
3 .9

2.8
1.8

2.8

1.0

10.1

7.6

11.6

10.6

8.4

8.1
8.1

8 .7

9.5

8.1

8.1

8.1

5 .8
4 .3

5 .7
4.1

5 .8
4 .4

5 .0
4 .0

4 .3
5 .4
7.2
8.3

4 .6
3 .8
3 .4
3.5

4 .6
4 .7
3.5
4 .9

4 .6
3.3
3.3
2.8

4 .8
4 .5
3.5
4 .3

2.0

2.2

1.9

2.2

under
u n d e r $3!2o777777777777777”77
_______
u n d e r $ 3 . 3 0 ____
___
______ ________
u n d e r $ 3 .4 0 ___
u n d e r $ 3 .5 0 -------------------------------------------

2 .4

3.2
2 .4
2 .7
1.9
1.5

1.9
1.9

2.6

.9

2.2
1.1

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 .6 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .7 0 .......................................................
$ 3 .8 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .9 0 ____________________________
$ 4 .0 0 ..........................................................

.9
.9

1.4
1.6

1.0

1.9

.7
.5

1.0
.8

.5
.5
.5
.4
.3

1.0
1.2
.8
.8
.6

under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 .1 0 ____________________________
$ 4 .2 0 ____________________________
$ 4 .3 0 ____________________________
$ 4 .4 0 ____________________________
$ 4 .5 0 -------------------------------------------

.7
.4
.4
.4

1.2

.2

.5

$2.70_______ 777.1____ 7

$ 2 .8 0 ____________________________
$ 2 .9 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .0 0 -------------------------------------------

4 .4
2 .7
3.5

2.1
1.6

1.4
1.1

1.9

1.0
1.1

1.4

1.4

6.0

7.3
4 .7
5.5
4 .6
2 .9
3.4
4 .5
3.3
1.7
2.1
1.8

1.5
2.5

4 .3

.5
.5
.4

.9
.9
1.0

.5

1.3

.2

.8

( 3)
( 3)

.4
.4

.1

.1

1.0
1.1

1.4
.9
1.1

.9
.7

.4
$ 4 .5 0 a n d o v e r . .

100.0

100.0

100.0

4 ,0 9 6

2 ,3 0 4

.6

3 .6

5 .4

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

4 ,6 0 7

7 ,8 9 9

4 ,2 2 3

2 ,2 7 8

$2.72

$ 2 .2 6

$2.53

$2.83

100.0

3 ,2 5 4

5 .9

100.0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s _______________________________ 12, 506

100.0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ----------------------------- --------------- 7 ,3 5 0

2.5

T o ta l_____

$ 4 .5 0 a n d o v e r . .

1 ,9 2 3

T o ta L ...............................................................................

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1_______________________
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1-----------------------------------

$ 2 .4 9

$ 2 .70

$ 2 .33

$2.62

$ 2 .7 9

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a te l y .

N O TE :

Becau*’

>f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t equal 100.




$2.43

s h if t s .

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

NO TE:

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not eq u a l 100.

T a b le 6. Ea rn in g s distribution: W o m e n ’s cem en t-p rocess (conventional-lasted) sh o es
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , 1 U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
U n ite d S t a te s 2
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

N ew
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S ta te s

T o ta l

M en

$1 65 __________________________
$ 1. 60 a n d u n d e r
$ 1. 65 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 7 0 __ _____ -________________ _
$ 1. 70 a n d u n d e r $ 1 . 7 5 ----------------------------------------

7 .7
2. 1
3 .3

4 .7
1 .5
2 .2

9 .2
2 .5
3 .8

6 .8
1 .8
4 .7

8 .7
2 .5
3 .0

1 9 .4
2 .5
4 .1

W o m en

G re a t
L akes

M id d le
W e st

P a c if i c

10. 1
2 .9
5 .7

6 .5
1 .5
1 .6

5 .0
1. 1
1 .5

0 .3
1 0 .1
.6

S o u th w e s t

$ 1. 75
$ 1. 80
$ 1. 85
$ 1 .9 0
$ 1. 95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .8 0 __________
$ 1 .8 5
- - ................
$ 1 . 9 0 ..................... ....................... —
$ 1 .9 * ___ m__________________ t-,$ 2 . 00----------------------------------------

3 .7
4. 1
4 .3
3 .5
3 .0

2 .3
2 .7
2 .3
2 .3
1 .7

4 .5
4 .8
5 .2
4. 1
3 .6

4 .0
4 .7
2 .7
3 .0
2 .8

2 .8
4 .3
6 .6
4 .1
3 .6

3 .5
4 .0
4 .7
4 .6
2 .2

5 .2
4. 1
6 .2
4 .2
2 .9

2 .1
3 .0
3 .5
2 .3
1 .9

3 .3
4 .0
3 .4
3 .6
2 .2

1 3 .2
1 .6
4 .2
3 .1
3 .3

$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 . 1 0 - ..................
$ 2 . 20— — — ___________ ____
—
$ 2 . 30........................................
$ 2 . 4 0 —________ .______, ________
$ 2 . 50 ----------------------------------------

9 .0
7 .0
5 .7
4 .8
4 .5

6 .4
5 .4
5 .1
4 .2
3 .9

1 0 .3
7 .9
5 .9
5 .1
4 .8

1 1 .0
6 .5
5 .3
3 .8
3 .8

8 .1
5 .7
5 .3
4 .5
4 .4

7 .7
9 .3
6. 3
4 .4
5 .2

8 .9
6 .0
4 .4
5 .0
4 .0

6 .0
7 .2
6 .8
6 .8
5 .9

7. 1
9 .1
5 .7
6 .1
5 .5

9 .1
4 .1
7 .4
4 .5
2 .1

$ 2.
$ 2.
$2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 . 6 0 _____ _____ ______________
$ 2. 70 _______ _______ ______ —
$ 2 .8 0
___
$ 2 . 9 0 ----------------------------$ 3 .0 0
...........................
........

5 .0
3 .9
3 .5
3 .0
2 .8

5 .8
4 .5
3 .5
3 .3
3 .6

4 .7
3 .7
3 .5
2 .8
2 .5

5 .4
3 .7
3 .3
2 .3
2 .8

4 .2
3 .1
3 .6
1 .9
2 .5

4 .3
4 .3
2 .5
3 .0
2. 1

4 .6
4 .0
1 .5
4 .7
3 .5

6 .7
4 .9
4. 1
4 .5
4 .2

4 .8
5 .3
4 .8
4 .6
3. 1

4 .1
3 .4
3 .7
3 .5
2 .9

$
$
$
$
$

3. 00
3. 10
3 . 20
3 . 30
3. 4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 .1 0 —
......
_
_
$ 3. 20— ________ __ _________ __
.......................
$ 3. 30......
$ 3. 4 0 _________— _____________
$ 3 .5 0 ----------

2. 3
2 .3
1 .8
1 .5
1 .5

3 .5
3 .3
3 .1
2 .3
2 .5

1 .8
1 .8
1. 1
1. 1
1 .0

2 .9
2 .4
1 .9
1 .9
1. 3

2 .2
2 .0
1 .8
1 .4
1 .5

.8
.9
.8
1 .0
.7

2 .0
1 .4
1 .5
.4
1 .0

2 .5
3 .9
2 .8
1 .9
1 .5

2 .5
2 .5
1 .7
1. 1
2. 1

1 .5
1 .4
2 .3
1 .4

$
$
$
$
$

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 .6 0
- __________
$ 3. 70 — ..............................
$ 3 . 8 0 ____
______ - - - —
$ 3. 90__ ___ ____________ _______ _
$ 4 . 00----------------------------------------

1 .5
1 .2
1. 1
.8
.7

2 .4
2 .2
2. 1
1 .5
1 .3

1 .0
.7
.6
.5
.3

1 .6
1 .2
1 .3
1 .1
.9

1 .3
1. 3
1 .3
.7

.3
.2
.4
. 1

.8

.1

2 .0
.9
.8
.4
.7

1 .6
1 .2
.7
1 .0
.4

2 .0
1 .7
.9
1 .0
.5

1 .8
1. 3
1 .6
.5
.5

$ 4 . 00
$ 4 . 10
$ 4 . 20
$ 4 . 30
$ 4 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

1 .5

.3

.7

1.0

_______ ____
$ 4 . 2 0 ____~
$ 4 . 3 0 ...............................................
------------- -------- $ 4 .4 0
$ 4 . 5 0 ----------------------------------------

.7
.5
.5
.4
.4

.1
. 1
. 1

(*)

.5
.4

.8
. 1

.6

.4

.5
.2

.2
.2

1 .3

2 .0

.8

100.0

100.0

100.0

.8
.6
.8
.8

.2

.8

.7

.9
.9

.3
. 1
. 1

.5
.4

.8
.6

.6

.5

. l
.3

1.8

4 .9

. 3

2.1

3 .3

. 1

T o t a l ------------------------- — —-----------------------------

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s - ---------------------------------------- —
—

5 6 ,5 5 1

1 8 ,5 8 6

3 7 ,9 6 5

2 0 .0 4 2

1 2 ,3 1 7

3 ,5 8 4

2,962

6 ,6 0 5

5 ,8 9 3

1 ,5 4 2

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1—— —------—-----------------

$ 2 .4 4

$ 2 .7 8

$ 2 .2 7

$ 2 .4 7

$ 2 . 47

$ 2 . 15

$ 2 . 27

$ 2 .5 2

$ 2 .5 1

$ 2 .4 0

$ 4 . 50 a n d o v e r

1.2
1.0

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
* L e s s t h a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

NO TE:

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not equal 100,




.2

. 2
. 1
•1
(* )

100.0

.3

T a b le 7. E a rn in g s distribution: M is s e s ’ and children’s
c e m e n t-p ro c e s s (conventional-iasted) sh o es

T a b le 8. Earnings distribution: M is s e s ’ and children’s
G oo d yea r-w elt sh o e s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s * 1
U n ite d S t a te s a n d M id d le W e st r e g i o n , M a r c h 1971)

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , 1
U n ite d S t a te s a n d M id d le A tla n tic r e g io n , M a r c h 1971)

U n ite d S ta te s 2
T o ta l

$ 1 .6 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .6 5 ---------------------------------------$ 1 .6 5 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .7 0 ______________ _____________
$ 1 .7 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .7 5 -------------------------------------------

M en

12 .3
3 .0
4 .0

8 .5
1.7
4 .6

U n ite d S ta te s 1
2

M id d le
W est

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

13.8
3.5
3.8

5 .3
2 .3
4.1

$ 1 .6 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .6 5 ___________________________
$ 1 .6 5 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .7 0 __________________________
$ 1 .7 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .7 5 -------------------------------------- —

2.8

2 .9

2.8

1.5
3.6

1.2

2.5

1.7
4 .3

3 .6
5 .7
4 .8
3.6
4 .6

$ 1 .7 5
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .8 5
$ 1 .9 0
$ 1 .9 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .8 0 ________________________
$ 1 .8 5 __________________________
$ 1 .9 0 ----------------------------------------$ 1 .9 5 ----------------------------------------$ 2 .0 0 ______________________ _

3.8
4 .4
3.2
4.7
3.0

5 .4
8 .4

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 .1 0 ------ — -------------------------$ 2 .2 0 ----------------------------------------$ 2 .3 0 _________________________ _
$ 2 .4 0 ----------------------------------------$ 2 .5 0 __________________________

4 .9
5 .8
4 .4
5 .9

3.2
3.2
4 .7
3.5
4 .0

6.0
8.1
6.6

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
W om en

T o ta l

M en

W om en

M id d le
A tla n tic

3.2
3.4
7.8

$ 1 .7 5
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .8 5
$ 1.90
$ 1 .9 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .8 0 _______________ ____________
$ 1 .8 5 ____________________________
$ 1 .9 0 _______________ ____________
$ 1 .9 5 ____________________________
$ 2 .0 0 .........................................................

3 .5
7 .2
3 .6
3 .2
3 .1

1.7
5.7
2 .5
2.5

4 .3
7.8
4 .0
3.6
3 .4

$ 2.00
$ 2.10
$ 2.20
$ 2 .3 0
$ 2 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 .1 0 ____________________________
$ 2 .2 0 .........................................................
$ 2 .3 0 ______ _____________________
$ 2 •4 0 ______ _____ ______ _______-_
$ 2 .5 0 ......................................................

6.1

6.2

6.0

7 .0
5 .9
5 .2
4 .2

4 .7
7 .5
6 .3
2 .3

7 .9
5 .3
4 .8
4 .9

4 .4
4 .9

$ 2.00
$ 2.10
$ 2 .2 0
$ 2 .3 0
$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0
$ 2 .6 0
$ 2 .7 0
$ 2 .8 0
$ 2.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 .6 0 _____________ _______________
$ 2 .7 0 ____________________________
$ 2 .8 0 ____________________________
$ 2 .9 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .0 0 -------------------------------------------

4 .0
3 .2
3 .8
2 .7
3 .4

4 .0
5 .0
3.0
2 .9
3.0

4 .0
2.5
4.1
2.7
3.5

3.0
4 .9
3.6
4.1
3 .4

$ 2 .5 0
$ 2 .6 0
$ 2 .7 0
$ 2 .8 0
$ 2 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 .6 0 -------------------------------------$ 2 .7 0 ___________________________
$ 2 .8 0 ----------------------------------------$ 2 .9 0 ----------------------------------------$ 3 .0 0 _________________________

5.2
4 .0
3.6
3.9
4 .2

5.1
3 .4
2.5
4 .7
4 .7

5 .3
4 .4
4 .4
3.3
3.8

$ 3 .0 0
$ 3 .1 0
$ 3 .2 0
$ 3 .3 0
$ 3 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 .1 0 ---------------------------------------$ 3 .2 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .3 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .4 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .5 0 -------------------------------------------

2.1
2.2
2.1
1.0

3.7
2.7
2 .9

1.4

$ 3 . 1 0 .. -----------------------------------$ 3 .2 0 ___________________________
$ 3 .3 0 ___________ _____________
$ 3 .4 0 ___________________________
$ 3 .5 0 __________________________

1.9

2.6

2.3

2.8

2.0

3.5
4 .7

1.2
2.0
1.1

1.2
2.0

.5
.9

under
under
under
under
under

1.7

2 .4

and
and
and
and
and

4 .8
4 .5

1.3

$ 3 .0 0
$ 3 .1 0
$ 3 .2 0
$ 3 .3 0
$ 3 .4 0

3.0

2.0

3.1
1.9
3.0
1.7

$ 3 .5 0
$ 3 .6 0
$ 3 .7 0
$ 3 .8 0
$ 3 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 . 6 0 . . . ....................................................
$ 3 .7 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .8 0 ____________________________
$ 3 .9 0 ____________________________
$ 4 .0 0 -------------------------------------------

1.1
.8

1.2

1.0

1.5

1.9
1.4
1.4

.4
.4
.4
.3

.6
1.0
.6

$ 3 .5 0
$ 3 .6 0
$ 3 .7 0
$ 3 .8 0
$ 3 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 .6 0 ----------------------------------------$ 3 .7 0 ___________________________
$ 3 .8 0 __________________________
$ 3 .9 0 ----------------------------------------$ 4 .0 0 -----------------------------------------

$ 4 .0 0
$ 4 .1 0
$ 4 .2 0
$ 4 .3 0
$ 4 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 .1 0 ____________________________
$ 4 .2 0 ____________________________
$ 4 .3 0 ____________ ________________
$ 4 .4 0 ____________________________
$ 4 .5 0 -------------------------------------------

.4
.3
.1
.4

$ 4 .0 0
$ 4 .1 0
$ 4 .2 0
$ 4 .3 0
$ 4 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 .1 0 _____________ __ ___ __
$ 4 .2 0 __________________________
$ 4 .3 0 ___________________________
$ 4 .4 0 ________ _________________
$ 4 .5 0 ------------------------------------- _

_________________

.7
.7
.5

.1

2.2

1.1
.8
.2
.2

.7
-1

2.0
1.8

6.0

1.2

.3

.2

.6

.3

-

.1

.2

.3

.7
-

.1

$ 4 .5 0 a n d o v e r __________________________________

.9

3.1

.1

100.0

100.0

2 .4
1.0
1.0
1.2
.6
.6

4 .2
2.2

1.0

5 .2
6.0

4 .8
5 .0
3.5

5 .0
7 .3

.9

4 .8
4.9
4 .5
8 .3
5.1
7.9
6 .9
8 .3
4 .3
4 .3
3.3
3.7
2.3
2.2

3.1

.9
1.5
.5
.4

.6
1.1

.5
.7
2.7

.3

.1

.9
.7
.5
.4
(3)
.5
.5
_
.4

1.6

2.7

.8

.4

4 .3

9 .4

.9

.8

.5

1.4
2.2

.9
1.4

.6

.7
.6
.2
.1

_
.1

1.4

100.0

$ 4 .5 0 a n d o v e r ..

6.1

1.7
2.0
.8

100.0

T o ta l

— ------

------ --------

----------

---

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------

8 ,8 2 5

2 ,4 8 3

6 , 342

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 — -------------------------------

$ 2 .5 5

$ 2.22

100.0

100.0

1,888

2 ,7 5 6

1 ,9 2 7

$ 2 .6 3

$ 3 .0 0

$ 2 .3 7

$2.26

2, 351

$ 2 .3 1

100.0

4 ,6 4 4

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 ------ -------------------------

-----

100.0

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s _____________________________

T o ta l

$ 2 .41

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to M id d le W e st.

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h if ts .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to M id d le A tl a n t i c .
3 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

N O TE :

N O TE:

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g ,




s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not eq u a l 100.

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,

su m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not eq u al 100.




Table 9. Earnings distribution: Moccasin-constructed shoes
with hand-sewn plug
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s ,
U n ite d S ta te s a n d N ew E n g la n d r e g i o n , M a r c h 1971)
U n ite d S t a t e s 1
2
M en

W om en

N ew
E n g la n d

5 .8

18.6
3.9
5 .6

4 .2

5 .8
3.2
4 .8
4 .4
2 .9

3.6
3.6
3.7
3.5
2 .5

7.1
7 .6
5.7
3.7
3.9

5.7
5 .8
6.5
3.3
5.0

3.7
5.1

4 .7
5.5
2 .3
3.2

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
T o ta l

$ 1 .6 5 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .7 0 -----------------------------------------$ 1 .7 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 .7 5 ------------------------------------------

13.1
2 .5
4 .4
3 .6
3 .2
3 .3
3 .3

.6
2.8
.6

$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .8 5
$ 1 .9 0
$ 1 .9 5

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 1 .8 5 --------------------------------------$ 1 .9 0 -----------------------------------------$ 1 .9 5 _____________________ ____
$ 2 .0 0 -------------------------------- -------

2.2

$ 2.00
$ 2.10
$ 2 .2 0
$ 2 .3 0
$ 2 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2.1 0 -------------------------------- ---$ 2 .2 0 ___________________________
$ 2 .3 0 ------- -------------------------------$ 2 .4 0 ---------------------------- — ---$ 2 .5 0 ------------------------------------------

5 .4
5 .7
5 .8
3 .6
4 .4

$ 2 .5 0
$ 2 .6 0
$ 2 .7 0
$ 2 .8 0
$ 2 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 .6 0 ---------------------------------- ---$ 2 .7 0 ---------- ---------------------------$ 2 .8 0 -----------------------------------------$ 2 .9 0 ___________________________
$ 3 .0 0 ------------------------------------------

4 .3
4 .9
2 .4
2 .9
2 .4

5 .0
4 .7
3.6
4 .1
2.6

1.6
2.0
2.2

$ 3 .0 0
$ 3 .1 0
$ 3 .2 0
$ 3 .3 0
$ 3 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 .1 0 -----------------------------------------$ 3 .2 0 ---------- — ------------------$ 3 .3 0 -----------------------------------------$ 3 .4 0 — -----------------------------------$ 3 .5 0 ------------------------------------------

3 .0
1.5
2 .4

5 .4

1.2

$ 3 .5 0
$ 3 .6 0
$ 3 .7 0
$ 3 .8 0
$ 3 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 .6 0 -----------------------------------------$ 3 .7 0 -----------------------------------------$ 3 .8 0 --------------------------------------$ 3 .9 0 ___________________________
$ 4 .0 0 ---------------------------------------

$ 4 .0 0
$ 4 .1 0
$ 4 .2 0
$ 4 .3 0
$ 4 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 .1 0 . ----------------------------------$ 4 .2 0 --------------------------------------$ 4 .3 0 --------- ---------------------------$ 4 .4 0 . ----------------------------------$ 4 .5 0 ------------------------------------------

$ 4 .5 0 a n d o v e r -----------------------------------------------------

1.1

2 .7

3 .2
1.3
1.8
1.2

3.0
3 .2
6.0

3 .6
4 .9

6 .4
.8

2.6

3.7

1.6

1.3

1.6

4 .6
1.7
4 .3

.6
.6

2.7

1.4

3.3

1.1

1.2
1.8

2.1

.5

1.4

2.5

.9
1.0

1.8
2.0

1.2
.2

.6

1.3

.1

2.2
.8
1.2
.8

.5
.7
.4

.9
1.5
1.0

.3
(3 )

1.2

-

.9

2.8
1.8

.3

1.2

2 .9

6.6

.1

3.6

.3

.7
.8

.5
1.5

T o t a l __________________________ ____________

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------

4 ,0 4 2

1 ,7 3 3

2 ,3 0 9

3, 270

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 ------------------

$ 2 .4 8

$ 2 .9 2

$ 2 .1 4

$ 2 .6 0

-------------

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k d o n e on w e e k e n d s ,
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to N ew E n g la n d .
3 L e s s th a n 0.0 5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of ro u n d in g ,

h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .

su m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not eq u a l 100.

T a b le 10. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M e n ’s G oodyear-w elt d re ss s h o e s —all establishm ents
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
U n ite d S ta te s 2
D e p a r tm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

M ean

M e d ia n

408
137
271
366
113
253
42
24
1 ,0 9 1
651
440
1 ,0 8 2
648
434

$ 2 .5 9
2 .7 2
2 .5 2
2 .5 5
2 .6 8
2 .4 9
2 .9 6
2 .9 0
3.21
3.5 0
2 .7 9
3.22
3.5 0
2 .7 9

$2.45
2.65
2 .3 8
2 .3 9
2.6 0
2 .3 4
2 .9 0
2 .7 6
3.09
3.43
2 .6 4
3.09
3.44
2 .6 4

1 ,2 9 4

2 .4 4

593

2 .1 9

N ew E n g la n d

H o u r ly e a r n in g s 1

M id d le A tla n tic

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

M ean

M e d ia n

$ 2 .0 0 — .0 0
$3
2 .0 4 - 3.21
2 .0 0 - 2 .9 2
1 .9 9 - 2 .9 6
2 . 0 2 - 3.21
1 .9 9 - 2 .8 5
2 . 5 4 - 3 .3 7
2 . 5 7 - 3 .1 4
2 . 5 2 - 3.81
2 . 7 8 - 4 .1 1
2 . 2 5 - 3 .1 8
2 . 5 2 - 3.82
2 . 7 8 - 4 .1 1
2 . 2 6 - 3 .1 9

79
60
19
61
48
13
18
12
194
184
10
190
182
8

$3 .0 0
3.0 0
3 .0 0
2 .9 4
2 .9 6
2 .8 4
3.2 0
3.12
3.82
3 .8 8
2 .7 7
3.85
3 .8 9
2 .9 0

$ 2 .95
2 .9 6
2 .7 5
2 .7 9
2 .9 5

2 .3 7

1 .9 3 - 2 .7 9

181

2.0 7

1 .8 0 - 2 .4 9

72

M id d le r a n g e

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

$2.4 0
2 .1 3
2 .5 0
2 .3 6
2 .0 9
2 .4 6
_
_
3.42
_
2 .8 6
3.42
_
2 .8 6

$2.3 3
1.79
2 .42
2 .1 6
.
2 .4 0
_
_
3.41

$1.7 9 —
$2.84
1 .7 0 - 2 .3 7
1 .9 7 - 2 .9 3
1 .7 9 - 2.75

2 .9 6
3.41

2 .5 9 — 3.18
2 .9 4 - 3.90

2 .9 6

2 .5 9 - 3.18

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in i n g , m a c h i n e
M en
W om en
L e a th e r
M en
W o m en
S y n th e tic s _______________________ _____ ____________
M e n ___
_
_
„
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e 3
M en
W om en
L e a th e r
................
M e n _______________________________________________
W om en

$ 2 .3 0 —
$3.45
2 .4 4 - 3 .3 6
2 .1 0 - 3.91
2 . 3 0 - 3 .3 6
2 . 4 4 - 3.32

3.8 0
3.81
-

3 .1 8 - 4 .3 3
3 .2 1 - 4 .4 2
-

55
15
40
51
14
37
_
_
162
_
55
162
_
55

2 .7 6

2 .6 6

2 .1 9 — 3.21

139

2 .5 9

2 .5 0

1.94_ 3.01

2 .2 0

2 .0 6

1 .9 0 - 2 .5 0

83

2 .1 9

2.11

1 .8 4 - 2 .4 3

-

3.35
_
3 .7 6
3.81
-

-

2 . 7 3 - 3 .88
_
3 .1 8 - 4 .3 2
3 .2 0 - 4 .4 2
-

1 .9 7 - 2 .8 4

_
2.94— 3.90

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s (5 m e n , 1 ,2 8 9 w o m e n )_______________
P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r f itte r s , u p p e r, hand
(6 m e n . 587 w o m e n )__ __
S e w e rs , h an d (m o c c a s in -c o n s tru c te d sh o es)
17 m e n . 39 w o m e n )
S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r lin in g s
(1 m a n , 538 w o m e n )__________________________________
T o p s t i t c h e r s (12 m e n , 723 w o m e n ) ___________________
V a m p e r s (7 m e n , 8 79 w o m e n )____ ______ ___________

_

_

112
171
-

2 .4 5
2 .4 1

2 .3 2
2 .35

2 .0 3 - 2.81
2 .0 1 - 2 .6 8

3 .8 8
4 .1 3

42
33

2 .61
2 .7 2

2 .4 8
2 .5 3

2 .1 0 - 2 .9 0
2 .2 4 - 3.12

_

_

3.52
3.92
3.92
3.92

19
49
59
45

2 .6 6
3 .0 4
3 .10
3.02

2 .5 8
3 .00
3 .0 9
3 .0 6

2 .2 5 2 .4 7 2 .7 2 2 .6 9 -

3.2 8

2 . 4 8 - 4 .0 0

40

3.11

3.15

2 .2 3 — 3.78

2 .7 0

2 . 1 3 - 3 .30

14
9

2 .2 9
2 .3 8

_

61
85
33
34

3 .4 9
2 .9 4
2 .6 3
2 .9 0

3 .50
2 .9 9
2 .6 2
2 .7 9

56

2 .6 6

2 .3 7

1 .9 9 - 2 .7 3

17

3.6 3

3 .1 4

2 . 7 1 - 4 .2 7

539
735
886

2.4 1
2 .4 3
2 .4 6

2 .2 8
2 .3 4
2 .3 6

1 .9 3 - 2 .7 9
2 . 0 0 - 2 .7 4
1 .9 5 - 2 .9 0

114
120
125

2 .6 5
2 .6 4
2 .8 8

2 .5 0
2 .4 6
2 .8 8

2 . 2 1 - 3.01
2 .1 9 - 3 .0 0
2 .4 1 - 3 .3 6

270
152
118
50
140
294
359
333

2 .6 0
2 .8 4
2 .2 9
2 .6 7
2 .6 7
3.2 0
2 .9 3
2 .9 2

2 .3 8
2 .6 9
2.20
2 .7 6
2.52
3.1 9
2.92
2.91

2 .0 7 2 .2 1 1 .9 0 2 .3 0 2 .1 6 2 .4 7 2 .3 0 2 .3 0 -

2 .9 7
3 .2 6
2 .5 9
2 .9 3
3.02
3 .7 9
3.42
3.42

46
36
10
10
24
63
56
52

3.41
3.55
2 .8 9
2 .7 6
2 .9 5
3 .6 8
3 .5 4
3 .5 4

3 .3 6
3 .5 4
_
_
2 .8 1
3.5 0
3.45
3 .4 4

2 .6 0 2 .7 0 _
_
2 .3 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 3 3 .0 2 -

243

2 .9 9

2.85

2 . 2 1 - 3 .5 4

54

3.31

122
46
76
385
451
238
249
34
22
15
187
85
17
68

2 .4 1
2 .6 8
2 .2 4
3 .5 7
3.01
2 .7 8
3 .0 4
2 .5 6
2 .7 1
2 .4 4
2 .9 3
2 .2 1
2 .3 7
2 .1 7

2 .2 9
2.70
2 .1 6
3.59
2.95
2.71
2.85
2.52
2.7 0
2.50
2 .8 9
2.1 4
2.25
2.11

1 .8 5 - 2 .7 5
2 .0 0 -3 .1 0
1 .8 5 - 2 .4 1
2 . 8 2 - 4 .2 5
2 . 4 6 - 3 .4 7
2 .1 5 - 3.25
2 . 2 5 - 3 .6 0
2 .0 0 - 2 .7 6
2 . 2 1 - 3 .0 7
1 .9 6 - 2 .9 2
2 . 4 1 - 3 .3 4
1 .8 0 - 2 .5 3
2 . 0 1 - 2 .8 6
1 .8 0 - 2 .4 7

18
13

2 .9 5
3.02

126
75
47
28

2 .2 7
2 .3 3
2 .2 8
2 .4 1

2.0 4
2.35
2 .3 4
2.4 3

1 .6 8 1 .9 5 1 .8 7 2 .0 7 -

_

_

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h i n e ___________________
M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ___________________________________________
B e d - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s (45 m e n , 5 w o m e n )__________
H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s (121 m e n , 19 w o m e n )
P u l lo v e r - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s (2 9 3 m e n , 1 w o m a n )____
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e (35 4 m e n , 5 w o m e n ) 3_________
S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t i n g (3 3 0 m e n , 3 w o m e n ) ________
T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c , o r s e m i a u to m a ti c
(2 2 4 m e n . 19 w o m e n ) ___________ ______ _

_

_
3.00
3 .4 6
3.40
3.32

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
B o tto m f i l l e r s _______________
M e n ____________ __ _
W o m e n ___________________________________________
E d g e t r i m m e r s (3 6 4 m e n , 21 w o m e n )_________________
G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s (430 m e n , 21 w o m e n )_____________
H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e (2 1 7 m e n . 21 w o m e n )
I n s e a m e r s (2 2 6 m e n , 23 w o m e n )
J o i n t e r s , m a c h i n e ________ ________ ______
M e n ____ ___________________ __________________
L ittle w a y s t i t c h e r s (14 m e n . 1 w o m a n )
R o u g h r o u n d e r s (182 m e n , 5 w o m e n )__________________
S h a n k e r s ___________________ _ — __________________
M e n _____ _________________________
____ ___
W o m e n _________ — ------------------------------------------S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s
(68 m e n , 58 w o m e n )---------------- --------------- ---------------S o l e - l e v e l e r s , m a c h i n e __________ _____ _______ ____
M e n _______________________________________________
W o m e n ___________________________________________
S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .




2 .6 2
2 .5 3
2 .4 8
2 .6 9

_

84
74
41
46
7
_

9
41
11
6
_

15
10
6
■

_

4 .0 7
3 .5 8
3.21
3 .9 9
3.1 7
_

2 .6 3
3.31
2 .4 4
2 .6 0
_

2.5 1
2 .5 3
2 .9 0
■

_
_

3.85
3.42
3 .0 4
3.71
_

_
_

3 .3 4 2 .8 2 2 .7 7 2 .9 1 -

_

_

_

4 .5 9
4 .1 7
3 .5 4
4 .7 1

_

3 .0 6
_
_

2 .4 2

_
2 . 5 7 - 3 .5 8
_
_

2 . 0 3 - 2 .6 4

_

_

"

"

_

_

.

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

25
16

2 .9 3
2 .2 8

3.02
2 .1 9

13

2 .2 4

2 . 9 9 — 4.21
2 .4 6 - 3.28
2 .1 4 - 3.03
2 .4 5 - 3.17

_
_

_

13
6

_

_

2 .4 6
2 .1 2

_

2 .4 7 - 3 .24
1 .9 0 - 2 .7 7
_

_

_
_
"

_

_
_

T a b le 10. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M e n ’s G oodyear-w elt d re ss s h o e s — all estab lishm ents— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s * U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d re g io n s * M a r c h 1971)
U n ited S t a te s 2
D e p a r tm e n t* o c c u p a tio n * a n d s e x

N e w E n g la n d

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M ean

M e d ia n

107
89
183
363
340
53
287

$2.97
3.15
3.40
2.2 4
2.5 0
3.20
2.3 7

$2.95
3 .0 8
3 .2 9
2 .0 6
2 .2 5
3 .1 4
2 .1 8

386
70
316
599
139
460
237
222
198

2 .10
2 .0 4
2.12
2.20
2.52
2.10
2.01
2.02
2.7 7

2 .0 8
2 .0 1
2 .1 0
2 .1 0
2 .4 4
2 .0 1
2 .0 0
2 .0 0
2 .7 3

1 .9 5 1 .8 0 1 .9 9 1 .9 5 2 .0 6 1 .9 0 1 .8 8 1 .9 0 2 .5 0 -

354
155
68

2.1 0
2.2 4
2 .2 9

2 .0 5
2 .1 3
2 .2 5

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

M id d le A tla n tic

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

M ean

M e d ia n

16
16
42
73
40
29
11

$ 3 .6 7
3 .6 7
4 .4 6
2 .2 3
3 .1 9
3 .5 0
2 .3 8

$ 3 .31
3.3 1
4 .3 7
2 .0 3
3 .0 8
3.31
-

2 .2 5
2 .2 5
2 .2 3
2 .3 6
2 .8 5
2 .2 0
2 .1 3
2 .1 5
2 .9 5

94
21
73
99
49
50
40
40
18

2 .0 8
1.9 6
2 .1 1
2 .3 5
2 .5 7
2 .1 3
2 .0 9
2 .0 9
2 .9 4

2 .0 4
1.80
2 .1 0
2 .2 5
2 .7 5
2 .1 5
2 .0 6
2 .0 6
2 .8 5

1 .8 6 1 .7 5 1 .9 3 2 .0 6 2 .2 0 2 .0 0 1 .9 5 1 .9 5 2 .6 0 -

2 .2 6
2 .2 5
2 .2 8
2 .75
2 .8 6
2 .25
2 .2 3
2 .2 3
3.15

_
_
_
_
_
37
35
24

2 . 0 0 - 2 .2 0
2 . 0 0 - 2 .3 5
2 . 1 0 - 2 .4 3

86
59
10

2 .1 7
2 .1 3
2 .1 8

2 .1 0
2 .0 5
-

1 .9 5 - 2 .3 8
1 .8 9 - 2 .2 2
"

25

M id d le r a n g e

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

$2.80
3.04
3.29
2.30

$1.87—$3.60
1 .8 8 - 3.73
2 .1 4 - 4 .1 9
2 .0 2 - 2 .4 6
_
_
-

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s — C o n tin u e d
F i n is h i n g
B o tto m s c o u r e r s _______________________________________
M e n _______________________________________________
E d g e s e t t e r s (172 m e n , 11 w o m e n ) _________________ .
R e p a i r e r s (1 m a n , 362 w o m e n ) _______________________
T re ers
M e n _______________________________________________
W o m e n ____________ _________________________ __

$ 1 .9 6 — 3 .5 4
$
2 . 4 3 - 3 .6 4
2 .4 0 - 4 .1 2
2 . 0 0 - 2 .3 7
1 .9 * - 2 .9 2
2 .4 7 - 3 .7 3
1 .9 5 - 2 .7 0

$2 .7 7 —$ 4 .2 6
2 . 7 7 - 4 .2 6
3 .3 3 - 5 .3 7
2 . 0 0 - 2 .3 3
2 .2 6 - 3 .7 6
2 . 5 7 - 4 .2 5
-

16
15
33
43
_
-

$ 2 .9 4
3.02
3 .18
2 .2 8
_
-

M i s c e ll a n e o u s
F lo o r b o y s o r g i r l s
M e n _______________________________________________
W o m e n ________________________ ___ ___ ___ ______
I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) _________________________________
M e n _________________________ ______ ___________ ___
W o m e n __________________________________________ _
J a n ito rs . _
___
______ _
____ _ _
M e n _____
M e c h a n ic s * m a i n t e n a n c e ( a l l m e n ) __________________ _

_

.

_
_
2 .0 3
2 .0 5
2 .5 2

2.02
2.05
2.53

_
_
_
_
_
1 .9 5 - 2 .1 0
1 .9 5 - 2 .1 3
2 .4 0 - 2.72

2 .2 9

2 .30

2 .2 9 - 2 .3 5

_
_
_

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a tio n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l (5 m e n , 349 w o m e n ) _________________
C le rk s * p a y r o l l ( a l l w o m e n )
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ( a l l w o m e n )__________________

_

S o u th e a s t

M id d le W e st

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

85
22
63
75
15
60
255
154
255
154
~

$ 2 .42
2 .6 3
2 .3 4
2 .3 7
2 .6 6
2 .3 0
2 .5 9
2 .6 9
2 .5 9
2 .6 9
■

$ 2 .32
2 .7 6
2 .2 1
2 .2 3
2 .7 7
2 .2 0
2 .5 5
2 .6 9

$ 1 .9 9 — 2 .90
$
2 .0 0 - 2 .9 0
1 .9 2 - 2 .7 7
1 .9 2 - 2 .7 7
2 .0 0 - 3 .4 0
1 .9 1 - 2 .7 6
2 . 3 0 - 2 .9 8
2 . 3 7 - 3.02
2 . 3 0 - 2 .9 8
2 . 3 7 - 3.02

280
108
45
77
211

2 .3 3
2 .1 5
2 .4 7
2 .3 4
2 .4 1

2 .3 4
2 .0 9
2 .2 2
2 .3 0
2 .3 7

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

$2.20—
$3.09

C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in i n g , m a c h i n e ______________________________
M en
W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------------------L e a t h e r ______________________________________________
M e n _______
_________
W om en
C u tte r s * v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e _____________
M e n _________ ________________________________ __
W o m e n ________________ _____________________ __
L e a t h e r _____
______
M e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------W om en

-

2 .5 5
2 .6 9
-

82
9t
73
82
9i
73
195
91
104
193
91
102

$2.7 3
2 .6 4
2 .7 4
2 .7 3
2 .6 4
2 .7 4
3 .73
4 .2 2
3 .2 9
3 .7 4
4 .2 2
3 .30

$2.5 8
_
2 .6 0
2 .5 8
_
2 .6 0
3 .63
4 .2 9
3 .1 8
3 .63
4 .2 9
3 .23

2 06
180
107
123
124

2 .6 6
2 .2 9
2 .5 7
2 .7 9
2 .7 8

2 .5 5
2 .1 8
2 .5 2
2 .7 2
2 .6 9

_

2 .2 5 - 3 .09
2 .2 0 - 3 .0 9
_
2 .2 4 - 3 .0 9
2 .8 8 — 4 .4 6
3 .4 5 _ 4.92
2 . 5 9 - 3 .86
2 .8 9 - 4 .4 6
3 .4 5 _ 4.92
2 .5 9 - 3.87

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s _________________________________________
P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r f itte r s , u p p er hand
S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r l i n e r s __________________
T o p s t i t c h e r s ________
V a m p e rs
_
_
__ „
S e e f o o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le .




1 .9 7 1 .6 4 2 .0 9 2 .1 0 2 .0 3 -

2 .6 8
2 .6 1
2 .9 6
2 .5 5
2 .7 3

2.22—
1.85—
2 .0 5 2 .2 0 2 .3 3 -

2 .95
2 .5 4
3.03
3.22
3.17

T a b le 10. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M e n ’s G oodyear-w elt dress s h o e s — all estab lishm ents— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
S o u th e a s t
D e p a r tm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

G reat L akes

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M e an

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

$2.07—$2 .6 4
2 . 3 3 - 2 .9 3
2 . 0 7 - 2.3 1
2 . 1 6 - 2 .8 3
2 .1 6 - 3 .4 0
2 . 1 7 - 3.3 0
2 . 1 7 - 3.3 0
2 . 1 5 - 3 .2 4

38
24
37
54
53
38

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

$2.5 6
2 .9 5
2 .4 3
3.12
3 .94
3 .38
3 .3 9
3 .70

$2.25
_
2 .25
2 .8 0
3 .93
3 .2 4
3 .2 9
3 .3 7

M id d le ra n g e

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s — C o n tin u e d
L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l l o v e r , m a c h i n e ___________________
M en _
_ .
W o m e n ____________________________________________
H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s __________ ____________________________
P u l l o v e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ___________________________
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e
S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t i n g _______________________________
T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c , o r s e m i a u to m a ti c ___________

44
14
30
47
67
81
81
39

$ 2 .2 9
2 .6 3
2 .1 3
2.51
2 .7 3
2 .7 4
2 .7 4
2.6 1

$2.25
2 .7 4
2 .1 3
2.4 5
2.7 2
2.7 1
2.7 1
2 .3 8

29

2.21

2 .0 7

1 .8 0 - 2 .3 2

25

2 .5 7

2 .4 0

2 . 1 8 - 3.00

23
72
87
51
63
40

2 .0 6
3.2 3
2 .7 7
3.0 0
2 .4 6
2 .6 9
2 .0 6
2 .1 7
1.94
2 .0 4
2.0 5
-

2 .0 7
3 .2 7
2 .8 1
3.1 8
2 .2 9
_

1 .8 3 2 .7 5 2 .4 2 2 .4 6 1 .9 9 _
2 .3 4 1 .6 0 1 .6 0 1 .6 0 1 .6 0 1 .6 0 -

21

2 .5 0
4 .0 9
3.82
2 .9 7
3.81
2 .81
2 .9 6
3 .3 6
2 .2 9
2 .2 4

2 .3 8
4 .2 1
3.81
3.01
3.81

2 .1 8 3 .6 1 3 .4 7 _
2 .6 2 3 .4 1 -

_
3.37

2 .7 9 - 3.86

50
12

$2.18—
$2.95
_
2 . 1 8 - 2 .8 3
2 .7 1 - 3.29
3 .6 0 - 4.32
2 . 9 2 - 3.97
2 .9 1 - 3 .97
2 . 7 2 - 4 .3 3

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
B o tto m f i l l e r s

............. .

5

W o m e n __
__ _____ __________________________
E d g e t r i m m e r s _________________________________________
G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s _____________________________________
H e e l a tt a c h e r s , m a c h in e
_____ _
I n s e a r n e r s _______________________________________________
J o i n t e r s , m a c h i n e _____________________
M en
_ .......
Rough ro u n d e rs
______ __
S h a n k e r s _________________________________________________
W om en
____
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s _______________________
S o le - l e v e l e r s , m a c h i n e ________________________________
M en _
____________
W o m e n ____ ____ ___________________ _

16

13
47
17
13

2.66

1.87
2 .4 5
1.93
1.70
1.70
-

2.3 1
3.7 0
3 .1 8
3 .3 6
2 .9 0

50
57
41
35
11
6

3 .0 6
2 .5 3
2 .5 7
2 .0 9
2 .4 4
2 .4 8

26
12
10

2 .7 0
4 .5 8
4 .1 8
3.29
4 .3 7

_

_
_

2 .5 0

_
_

_
_
_
_

2 .5 6

-

-

7
14
_

2.61

10

31
26
36
58
78
73

3 .00
3.02
3 .7 9
2 .5 5
2 .7 4
2 .7 0

58
53
109
28
81
46
41

F i n is h i n g
B o tto m s c o u r e r s _________ _____ ____
M e n _________ __ ___________________ ____ ____
E d g e s e t t e r s ---------- — ------------------------------------------------R e p a i r e r s ________ __ ________ ___________
T r e e r s ___ ___________ ______
________
W o m e n ___ __ _____ ____ _

17
16
114
49
40

2 .3 6
2 .6 0

2 .5 9
2.5 1

2.01

2.01

2 .6 7
2 .5 8

2 .3 9
2 .3 8

2.00
2.00

2.01
2.01
2.01

1 .6 0 1 .9 5 2 .0 1 2 .1 7 2 .1 7 -

3 .0 4
3 .0 8
2 .0 5
3 .0 9
2 .8 1

2 . 012 . 01-

2.01
2.01

2 .8 0

2.66

1 .9 1 1 .9 0 2 .9 6 2 .2 1 2 .1 8 2 .IS -

2 .2 5
2 .2 5
2 .5 7
2 .9 2
2 .4 5
2 .1 6
2 .1 8
3 .4 9

2 .2 6
2 .2 6
2 .4 5
2 .7 4
2 .3 8
2 .1 9
2 .1 9
3 .28

2 . 1 0 - 2 .33
2 . 1 0 - 2 .3 3
2 . 2 2 - 2 .7 0
2 . 4 3 - 3.05
2 .1 9 — 2 .50
2 . 01- 2.22
2 . 0 6 - 2.22
3 .0 8 - 3.88

2 .0 6
2 .6 5
2 .4 0

2.00
2.61

1 .8 0 - 2.20
2 . 2 0 - 2.72

2.88

3 .98
2 .3 7
2 .7 0

3.82
3.83
4 .35
2.57
3.18
3.13

M is c e ll a n e o u s
F lo o r boys o r g ir ls
__ _ ______
______________
_
_
W om en
I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) __________________________________
M e n _________ ___________________________________
W o m e n ______ _ __ ____ __ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ ____
J a n i t o r s ___________ _____________________
M e n ____________ ______________________ _________
M e c h a n i c s . m a i n t e n a n c e ________________

66

62
149
149
33
31
63

1.99
1.99
1.92
1.93
2 .7 0

35
29

2 .1 4
2 .1 3

-

1 .9 0 - 2.01
-

2.01

1.91
1.91
2 .8 2

1 .9 0 1 .9 0 1 .9 1 2 .5 8 -

2.01

1.91
1.94
2 .8 2

20

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a tio n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l _____ _____ ________ ___________
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ______________________ ______ _____ __
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _______ __________________ ___

2.21

2 .1 3
“

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
m id d le r a n g e s a r e n o t p r o v id e d f o r jo b s w ith f e w e r t h a n 15 w o r k e r s in a re g io n .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .

N O TE: D a s h e s in d ic a te no da ta r e p o r te d o r d a ta th at do not m e e t pub lica tio n c r it e r i a .




2 . 0 3 - 2 .2 5
2 .2 6
~

2 . 00 -

76
21
11

S e e a p p e n d ix A f o r m e th o d to c o m p u te m e a n s , m e d i a n s , a n d m id d le r a n g e s of e a r n i n g s .

M e d ia n s a n d

T a b le 11. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M e n ’s G oodyear-w elt d re ss s h o e s — by size of com m unity
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a t i o n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
U n ite d S ta te s 1
2
S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

M e tr o p o lita n
a re a s
N um ber
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
e a r n in g s
w o rk ers

N ew E n g la n d

N o n m e tr o p o lita n
a re a s
N um ber
A v erag e
h o u r ly
of
e a r n in g s
w o rk ers

M e tr o p o lita n
a re a s
N um ber
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

G reat Lakes

N o n m e t r o p o lita n
a re a s
A v e ra g e
N um ber
h o u r ly
of
e a r n in g s
w o rk ers

N o n m e tr o p o lita n
a re a s
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

M en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in i n g , m a c h i n e ------------- --------------------------- —.
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h in e :
L e a t h e r ---------------------------------------------------------------------

52

$ 2 .9 9

85

$ 2 .5 5

36

$ 3 .2 3

24

$ 2 .6 5

8

$ 2 .7 0

288

3 .7 3

360

3. 32

95

4 . 14

87

3 .6 1

61

4 . 20

77
133

3. 04
3 .2 2

75

2. 64
3. 17

27
36

3 .5 7
4 . 04

9
27

3 .4 9
3 .2 1

8

160

30

3 .0 7
3 .9 4

127
89

2 .9 3
3. 27

203
135

2 .9 2
2. 87

29
33

3. 74
3. 54

23

3 .2 7
2 .9 5

41
20

3 .4 1
4 . 08

153
182
87
90
74

3 .7 5
3 .1 5

211

3 .4 6
2 .9 3
2 .7 7
2 .9 9
2 . 84

44
42
27

4 . 59
3 .7 8
3 .2 7
4 . 49
3 .7 1

33
31
13

3. 24
3. 06

248
130
136
108

21
22

3. 66
3 .3 2
3 .0 1
3 .6 1
2 .9 7

35
42
30
26
15

4 .2 3
3 .7 0
2 .9 7
3. 86
3 .4 9

37
72

3. 29
3 .6 5

100

3 .0 5
3. 29

22

3. 87
4 .9 7

20

_
3 .9 1

18
25

3. 36
3 .9 8

63
99
73

2 .6 7
2. 07
2 .6 5

76
123
125

2. 39
1 .9 8
2 . 84

34
23
-

2 .7 3
2. 18
-

15
17

2. 20
1.96

12

3 .0 5

24
26
17

2. 68
2 .1 7
3. 59

109

2. 39

162

2 .6 1

14

3 .3 2

61

2 .6 2

140

2 .7 6

294

2 .8 1

-

-

89

3 .4 2

505
229
242
318
372

2 .5 5
2 .1 6

2 .4 2
2. 44
2 . 48

51
25
67
62
63

2 .8 3
2. 36
2 .5 6
2 .7 1
2 .9 1

_

2 .4 0
2 .4 1

784
358
296
405
507

2. 38
2. 22

2. 39

2. 78
2 .5 7
2 .7 7

150
143
83
97
103

2 .6 3
2. 31
2. 61
2 .8 3
2 .7 8

158
104

204
183

2. 15
2 . 47

36
"

2 .4 4
-

37

2. 20

8

2 .0 3
2 .1 7

45
59

2 .4 1
2 .7 5

108
186

2 . 17
2. 07

208
274

2. 09

40
34

2. 25
2. 15

33
16

1 .9 4
2. 08

50
67

2 .2 3
2. 40

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l l o v e r , m a c h in e — ---- ----------------—
P u l l o v e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ---------------------— —------- ----S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h in e :
S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t i n g
—------——— ------------------------T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i a u t o m a t i c -----------------

21

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
E dge trim m e rs t
__
G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s ------------------------------------------------------H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e ____
—- -------------In s e a rn e rs
— — — -----. . . — —
R o u g h r o u n d e r s _ ----------------------------------------------------------

2 .8 6

22

19

F i n is h i n g
B o tto m s c o u r e r s -------------- ---------------------------- -------------E d 8 e s e t t e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

52

13

_

M is c e ll a n e o u s
I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s )----------- -----------— ------------ —--------J a n ito r s — — — — — —
_________ _____________ ______
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e -------- —----------------------------------W om en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in i n g , m a c h in e
----- -------- — ------ -------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h in e :
L e a t h e r -------------------------------------------— ---------------------F i tt in g
F a n c y s titc h e rs — —
- ------- - -----------P a s t e r s , b a c k e r s , o r f i t t e r s , u p p e r h a n d ----------------S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r lin in g —.___________ — —
Top s titc h e r s
- -------- . . . .
- — — ---------- —
V a m p e r s —— — ------------------------------------------------------------ —

47
46
57
55

2. 12

F i n is h i n g
R e p a i r e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------T r e e r s . . ----------— .
------------- ---------

2 . 34

M is c e ll a n e o u s
F lo o r g irls
. --------- --_ — — ---- — -------I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) -------------------------------------------------—

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e s h o w n s e p a r a te l y .

N O TE: D a s h e s in d ic a te no d a ta r e p o r te d o r data that do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .




2. 13

T a b le 12. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M e n ’s G oodyear-w elt dress s h o e s — by size o f establishm ent
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
U n ite d S ta te s

N ew E n g la n d

G reat L akes

E s t a b l i s h m e n ts w ith —
S ex, d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

5 0 - 249
w o rl s e r s
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ers
e a r n in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ber
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers
N um ber
A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk e rs
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

250 w<o r k e r s
o r rr lo r e
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

M en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e :
L e a th e r ______________________________________________

184

$ 3 .2 3

464

$ 3 .6 1

83

$ 3 .5 6

99

$ 4 .1 6

20

$ 3 .8 0

71

$ 4 .3 4

30
89

3.01
3.01

122

2 .8 0
3.27

17
33

3.37
3.27

19
30

3.71
4 .1 4

10

204

6

3 .3 2

30

3.16
4 .0 6

82
64

3.1 2
2 .8 5

248
160

2.86

23
28

3.5 2
2 .8 2

29
26

3 .55
3 .8 4

9

3.08

43

3.45

108

256
320
153
164

3.97
3.31
2 .8 9
3.5 9
3.15

37
37
18
20
20

4 .4 3
3.85
3.55
4 .6 0
3 .48

10
10
11
8

3.79
4 .1 3
2 .6 5
3.51
3.03

34
42
27

126

3 .5 2
2 .9 7
2 .7 2
3.0 5
2 .9 3

40
36

64
62
56

3 .7 4
3.19
3.01
3.2 0
2 .9 3

14

4.31
3.75
3 .04
3.98
3.70

30
40

2 .9 5
3.6 9

59
132

3.26
3.37

2 .9 7
4.11

22

4 .21
4 .7 8

11
10

2 .5 8
3 .1 2

15
24

3.35
4 .15

23
50
73

2 .6 5

116
172
125

2.02

18
17

23

2.96

2.10

11

2 .7 7

2 .0 7

12

2.0 8
3.12

31
23

2.7 7

6

2 .5 9

17

3.40

10

2 .9 8

9

3 .0 3

10

3 .09

63

2.69

-

25

2.57

77

3.54

142
51

2 .8 5
2 .2 5
2.86

2.62

61
65

2.87
3 .03

54
30
29
30
30

2.41
2 .0 6

66

2 .3 8
2 .4 3

152
150
78
93
94

2.75
2.33
2.70
2.92
2.89

14
30

2 .25
2 .3 0

44
43

2.65
2.98

2 .2 4
2.38

43
65

2.25
2.46

L a s tin g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h in e ____________________
P u l lo v e r m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s __________________________
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e :
S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t i n g ________________________________
T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i a u to m a ti c _____________

3.1 0

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
E d g e t r i m m e r s _____________________________ _________
____
G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s ------------------------- ------- —___
H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e --------- --------------------------- __
I n s e a m e r s _____________________________________________
R o u g h r o u n d e r s ------------------ _
-----------------------------------

110

22

23
21

u

22

F i n is h i n g
B o tto m s c o u r e r s -------------------------------------------------------------E d g e s e t t e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------

7
20

9

O th e r
I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) ---------------------------- __
J a n i t o r s ---------------------- ------ -------- ------- -------------------M e c h a n ic s , m a i n t e n a n c e ------------ ------ -------- ------------

2.01

2 .4 9

2.62

2 .5 4

W om en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in in g , m a c h i n e ______________________________ _
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e :
L e a t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------

57

2 .6 7

214

2 .4 8

115

2 .4 4

319

2.92

-

-

305
107
119
150
252

2 .3 0

984
480
419
573
627

2 .4 9
2 .1 9
2 .4 2
2 .4 5
2 .4 5

38

2 .3 9

21

2.10

2.3 6
2.31
2.4 7

47
58
53

2.3 5
2 .4 0

128
52

2 .0 9
2 .5 2

234
235

2.3 1
2 .3 4

32
8

2 .1 8
2 .4 6

41
-

2.27
-

67
168

2 .0 9

249

2.12

2.1 5

2.10
2.11

58
16

10

292

15
34

2.11

2.02

2 .1 8

16

-

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s _______ __________ ____________________
P a s t e r s , b a c k e r s , o r f i t t e r s , u p p e r h a n d -----------------S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r l in in g s — — ________
T o p s t i t c h e r s ----------------- ----------------------------------------V a m p e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.22

2.22

F in is h i n g
R e p a i r e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------T r e e r s ---------------------------- ------ -------- -----------------------M is c e ll a n e o u s
T 1/-« -> C4" 10
T « ..
I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) -----------------------------------------------------

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .

NO TE :

h o lid a y s , an d l a t e s h if t s .

D a s h e s in d ic a te no d a ta r e p o r te d o r d ata that do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .




T a b le 13. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M e n ’s G oodyear-w elt d re ss sh o e s — by size of establishm ent
and size of com m unity
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
U n ited S ta te s 2

d rea t
Lakes

N ew E n g la n d
E s t a b l i s h m e n ts w ith —

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , o c c u p a tio n ,
a n d c o m m u n ity s iz e

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk e rs
N um ber
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ber
A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk er s
e a rn in g s

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

250 w<i r k e r s
o r nlo r e
N um ber
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
e a r n in g s
w o rk e rs

M en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h in e :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s --------------------------------------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h in e :
L e a th e r:
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ---------------------------------------

16
24

$ 2.66
3.09

36
61

$ 3 .1 4
2 .3 4

14

64

3.19
3.25

224
240

3.8 8
3.36

44
39

120

-

$ 2 .7 5

22

_

19

$ 3 .5 3
2.61

_

_

_

_

51
48

4 .7 4
3 .5 4

_
-

_
-

3.45
3.6 9

L a s tin g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h in e :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------P u llo v e r-m a c h in e o p e ra to rs :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s __________________________
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e :
S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t in g :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s -------------------------------------------- N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s
_______________________
T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i a u to m a ti c :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ------------------ --------------------

21

2.9 5

56

3.07

13

3.27

14

3.85

_

46
43

2 .8 2
3.22

87
117

3.4 3
3.1 6

20

13

3.41
3.0 5

16
14

4 .8 2
3.36

_
26

28
54

3 .1 3
3.1 2

99
149

2.88

14
9

3.5 9
3 .4 2

15
14

3.89
3.18

36

25
39

2.5 5
3.0 5

64
96

3.55
2 .8 0

17

2 .7 5

16

11

2.92

10

4 .3 7
2 .9 9

40

3.7 8
3.71

113
143

3 .7 4
3 .3 4

24
16

4 .1 5
3.6 9

20

68

17

5 .1 2
3.62

28

46
64

3.01
3.32

136
184

3.1 9
2 .8 0

24
12

3.1 2
3 .7 0

18
19

4 .6 7
3.08

36

24
40

2 .8 0
3.1 3

63
90

2.88

16

2 .9 9

11

2 .6 0

6

2.62

7

3.68
3.35

24

18
44

3 .0 4
3.27

72
92

3.3 0
2.8 5

10

3 .3 6
3 .7 6

12
8

5 .4 2
3.36

_

_

19

3.90

26
30

2.9 6
2 .9 0

48
78

3.11
2 .8 2

12

3.1 9
3 .1 0

7
13

4 .6 0

_

_

9

2.88

11

3.67

14
26

3 .8 4
3.61

58
74

3.6 0
3 .1 8

8
12

4 .2 1
4 .0 4

14
-

5 .40
-

19

4 .2 3

14

2.66

49

2.6 7

12

2.62

22

2 .8 0

_

_

24

1.98
2 .0 4

75
97

2.10

12

2 .0 8

11
12

2 .29
1.92

_

_

2.8 5

_

_
_
$4.01
_

3.41

_

_

-

-

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
Edge trim m e rs :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s _________________________ _
G oodyear s titc h e r s :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s __________________________
H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h in e :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s _____________________________ _
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s --------------------------------------In seam ers:
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ______________________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ---------------- --------------------Rough ro u n d e rs :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s _____________ __________

13

_

_

_

_

4 .2 0
_

3.63
_

3.01

F i n is h i n g
E dge s e tte rs :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ----------------------- —
_____________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ---------------------------------------

_

M is c e ll a n e o u s
In sp e c to rs (cro w n ers):
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------J a n ito rs :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ------- -----------------------------




26

1.96

'

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le,

T a b le 13. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M e n ’s G oodyear-w elt d re ss s h o e s — by size of establishm ent
and size of co m m unity— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s* U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d re g io n s * M a r c h 1971)
G re a t
Lakes

N ew E n g la n d

U n ited S ta te s 2

E s t a b l i s h m e n ts w ith —
S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , o c c u p a tio n ,
a n d c o m m u n ity s iz e

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk e rs
A v e ra g e
N um ber
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ber
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers
N um ber
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs
e a r n in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
A v e ra g e
N um ber
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ber
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

W o m en
F i tt in g
F a n c y s titc h e r s :
M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ------------ ------------------------P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r f it te r s , u p p e r, hand:
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ______________________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s — ---- --------------------------S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r l in i n g s :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s — ------------------------------Top s titc h e r s :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ---------------------------------------V a m p e rs :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ----------------------------- ------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------------------------------

99
206

$2.40
2.25

406
578

$ 2 .5 9
2 .4 2

23

$ 2 .3 3

28

$ 3 .2 5

-

-

-

-

41

2.06
2.31

188

11
10

2.0 5
2.1 6

14
37

-

292

2 .1 8
2 .1 9

2.61

66

2.11

127

55
64

2.24
2.47

187
232

2 .4 3
2.4 1

29
18

2.2 9
2 .4 6

38
28

2.77
2 .9 9

66

62
88

2.39
2.25

256
317

2.41
2 .4 9

34
24

2 .5 6
2 .1 7

28
33

2 .8 9
2.85

83

2.87

81
171

2.23
2.58

291
336

2 .4 6
2 .4 3

29
24

2.67
2.5 7

34
31

3.12
2 .9 3

-

85

2 .8 4

57
71

2.19

101

1
1

2.2 7

133

2 .4 2
2 .2 3

21

2.00

2.01

15
26

2 .67
2 .0 3

37

2.41

18
49

2.03

90
159

2.20

10

2 .0 7

-

30
28

2 .3 2

2 .0 8

40

2 .2 3

81
87

2.03

105
187

2.10

27

-

124

-

-

-

$ 2 .6 7
-

2 .3 4
2 .7 0
-

F in is h i n g
R e p a ire rs:
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ---------------------------------------M is c e ll a n e o u s
F lo o r g irls :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ___ - — ----------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ---------------------------------------In sp e c to rs (cro w n ers):
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ---------------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------------------------------




2.12

2.01

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s *
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
NOTE:

2 .1 8

a n d l a t e s h if t s .

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

-

2 .0 9

7
9

1.90

2 .40

-

2.01

61

-

-

2.41

T a b le 14. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M en’s Goodyear-w elt d re ss sh o e s—M aine
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)

Sex, d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s — — —— —
M e n ------------------------------—----------W o m e n ------------- ------ ---- — —------

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
N u m b e r A v e r a g e $1760 $ 1 3 5 $ n 7 i r $1775 $1780^ $ 1 3 5 $17 W $ 1 3 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 7 n r $272lT $2.30 $ 2 .40 $2 .5 0 $2.60 $277IT $ 2.80 $3.00 $3721) $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4700 $4720 $4.40 $4760
h o u r ly
of
and
and
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s 1
onder
$1.65 $1.70 $ 1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $ 1.90 $1.95 $2.00 $ 2 .10 $ 2.20 $2.30 $2 .4 0 $2.50 $ 2 .60 $2.70 $ 2 .80 $ 3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 o v e r
2, 4 4 6
964
1, 48 2

$ 2 .4 0
2 .5 7
2. 29

145
58
87

35
5
30

126
17
109

25

2 .5 9

_

_

1
1

135
37
98

109
31
78

215
61
154

117
39
78

256
78
178

114
50
64

134
65
69

102
53
49

56
20
36

56
26
30

52
27
25

_

72
32
40

87
43
44

_

1
1

_

4
2

1

3
2

_

1

2
2

3

2

131
70
61

135
58
77

83
24
59

92
45
47

3

1

1

_

3

1

53
31
22

58
33
25

32
24
8

2

16
7
9

_

12
12
-

23
18
5

_

_

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s —
m en
C u ttin g 2
C u t te r s , lin in g , m a c h in e -------------

6

C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h in e , l e a t h e r -------------------------

£93

_

3 .4 5

-

“

3. 33

-

2

_

-

-

_

_

_

2

-

1

-

.

1

_

.

2

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

“

2

1

2

2

4

4

6

3

11

6

6

4

-

6

3

-

_

63

3

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

2
2
2

1

1

-

.
-

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

.
-

-

L a s ti n g 2
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u llo v e r ,
m a c h i n e ----------— ---------------------- —
B e d - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ---------------P u l l o v e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -------S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t i n g --------------T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r
s e m ia u to m a ti c — ------- - -------- ------

8
6
8
20
21
20

14

2 . 59
2. 63

1

2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

3

2

3
5
5

2

_

1

2

1
1
1

3

1
1

2
2

3
3

1
1

.
-

_
_
-

_
.

-

3

2

2

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

1

3

2

2

4

2

2

2

2
1

3

-

1

.

1
2
2

2

4
3

3
1

j

7

_

_

_

_

1

1
1

1
1

-

3
1
1

3 * 31
.
3. 24
3. 24
2 .9 2

1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

"

-

-

1

-

2

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

1

3
1
2
2
1
1

3

1

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g 2
Edge trim m e ro
G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s ------------------------H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e --------------R o u g h r o u n d e r s -----------------------------S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s —

24

3 ! 16

1

3. 61

26
12
12

7
17
6

3. 24
3. 25
2 ! 67
3 .0 2
2 .5 1

_
-

1

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
1

.
-

-

2

.

_

2

-

1

1

_
1

1

2

1

-

1
1
2

-

-

1

_

1
2

2

1

_

2

.

1

2
2

-

1

1
1

2
2

1

_

_

_

_

_

1

1

_

_

1

2

_

2

_

2

”

■

“

_
_
-

2

-

2

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

_

j

1

F i n is h i n g 2
E d g e s e t t e r s -----------------------------------

14
11

3. 75
2 .8 7

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

.

1

1

2

3

43

M i s c e ll a n e o u s 5
F l o o r b o y s ------------ --------- -— — -----w __.,___________ __________

9
14
6

1 .9 8
1. 91
2 . 59

1
1

1
1

_
3

4

3

3

j

_

_

_

_

2

_
2

1

_

1

_

_

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en
C u ttin g 2
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h in e — —
------—
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h in e , l e a t h e r --------------------—

S e e f o o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .




11

2. 85

6

2 . 98

1

_
'

2

1

*

*

1

1

1

"

2

1

~

"

Table 14. Occupational earnings: Men’s Goodyear-welt dress shoes—Maine--- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971) 1
5
4
3
2
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
S ex, d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

$ 1 .6 0 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $ 1 .90 $1.95 $ 2 .00 $ 2 .10 $2.20 $ 2 .30 $2.40 $2.50 $ 2 .60 $2 .7 0 $2 .80 $3.00 $3.2<r $3.40 $3760
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s 1

M

m

$4700 $4720

M A O

$4760

and
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $1.95 $ 2 .00 $ 2 .10 $ 2 .20 $2.30 $ 2 .40 $2.50 $2.60 $ 2 .7 0 $2 .8 0 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 o v e r

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
w o m e n — C o n tin u e d
F i tt in g
P a s te r s , b a c k e rs, o r fitte rs ,
$ 2 . 08
2. 11

3
3

.

_

3
3

1
1

3
3

1
1

_
_

_
_

39
33
46
40

2 . 84
2 . 70
2. 71
2 .9 1

1
1
1

.

1
1
1
2

.
4
5

_
_
2
2

2
2
1
3

4
3
3
1

4
4
4
5

4
4
3
4

4
3

8

-

1

1

-

-

1

-

2. 03
1 .9 8

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

31
18
14

1. 91
1. 99
2 . 01

1

2
1

1
1

21
26

1. 98
1. 94

-

“

3
2

5
3

2
1

9
8

.
.

6
6

1
1

1
1

_

-

.

1
“

-

.
.
2

1
1
1
-

1
1
3
-

2
2
_

3
3
8
-

1
1
1
-

3
3
1
-

2. 75

36
34

2
2

2

41
36
S k i v e r s , m a c h in e , u p p e r s o r
l i n i n g s -------------------------------- -------I n c e n tiv e — — —— — — —— ——
T o p s t i t c h e r s 2 -----------------------------V a m p e r s 2 --------------------------------------

-

-

1

1
-

“

_

1
1

„

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

2
1
3
4

i
i
3
1

2
1

1

_

6

2
1
4
2

1

2

-

-

-

1

-

_

_

_

1

_

_

m

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

L a s ti n g 2
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u llo v e r ,
F in is h in g
_

3
3

_

_

1

1

6
6

22
22

2

2
2
1

3

9
5
4

1

1
1

7
6
6

2
1

“

7
3

2
8

M is c e ll a n e o u s

_

5
1

1

"

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en

1
2
3
4
5

2
-

1

2
3

E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e p a id o n a n i n c e n t iv e b a s i s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i n a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 2 a t $ 4 . 60 t o $ 4 . 80, a n d 1 a t $ 4 . 80 to $5.
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e p a id o n a t i m e b a s i s .




3

4
6

j
-

2

1

1
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A p p r o x im a te ly 69 p e r c e n t o f t h e p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y t h e s tu d y w e r e p a id on a n in c e n tiv e b a s is .

T a b le 15. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M en’s Goodyear-w elt d re ss sh o e s— B rockton, M ass.
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)

$5.2 0 $5.40 $ 5 .6 0 $5.80 $ 6 .0 0 $ 6 .2 0 $6.40

o
<
M

' £

o
O

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
N um ber
$ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .6 0 $2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $4.60 $ 4 .8 0
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s 1 U id er a n d
$ 2 .0 0 u n d e r
$ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $3 .8 0 $4.00 $4 .2 0 $4 .4 0 $ 4 .60 $ 4.8 0 $ 5 .0 0

£

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

$ 5 .4 0 $ 5 .6 0 $ 5 .8 0 $ 6 .0 0 $ 6 .2 0 $6.40 o v e r

and

$ 2 .9 3
3 .4 3
2 .4 8

165
23
3142

90
17
73

117

80
25
55

115

104
49
55

57
41

21

16

46
33
13

49
31
18

32
27
5

32

62

131
82
49

54
33

26
6

11
10
1

12
10
2

15
15
-

18
18
-

13
13
-

7
7
-

9
9

89

194
67
127

171
109

95

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

1
1
1
1

2
1
1
1

3
3

16

3 .2 8
3 .2 9
3. 34
3. 32

2
2

3
3
3
3

5
5
5
5

2
1
2
1

1
1
1
1

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

1
1
1
1

_
_
_
..

_
_
_
_

1
1
1
1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

58
57

4 .4 7
4 .4 9

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

2
2

4
3

6
6

3
3

4
4

7
7

4
4

4
4

4
4

1
1

3
3

3
3

7

3 .4 7

j

2

14
13

2
2

_
_

2
2

1
1
2
2

_
_

_
_

1
1

_
_

2
2

7

4 . 18
4 . 30
3. 47
3 .5 7

18

4 . 52

2

3

2

18

4 . 08

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

3

2

1

_

1

1

3

1

1

_

1

1

1

1

_

_

1

_

16

4 . 26

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

1

2

2

1

2

2

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

6

3. 17

1

1

_

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

1

5 . 18

_

_

-

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

1

1

_

1

2

1

2

2

_

3

_

73

4 .5 4
3 .4 6
3 .5 3

_
_

-

1
1
1

_
_

_
_

-

3

3

_

2

2

1
2
2

_
_
_

_
_

2

_

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

5. 18
3 .9 7
3 .7 3

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

_
-

2
2

_

_
-

_

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

82
1

2

1

-

-

:

-

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s — —— — — 1 ,5 7 4
744
M e n ■ .. ----------------— ------- —----830
W o m e n ------—-------------------------------

22

26

12
11
1

17
17
-

6
6

-

17
17
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

1

-

1

3
3

4
4

1
1

2
2

_
_

2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n
o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h i n e 4 -----------I n c e n t i v e ------- ------------------------L e a t h e r -------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ... —
--------- — ....-— —
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
I n c e n tiv e — —..... ............. .............. ......

19
17
17

-

F i tt in g
j

1

1

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r ,
m a c h i n e ------------------ ------ ----------- -----

8

_
_

_
_

_

1
1

_

_
_

1

1

_

_
_

1
1

_
_

2

1
1
2
2

j

P u llo v e r -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs (a ll
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h in e , s ta p l e o r
t a c k l a s t i n g ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) — — -----—— ------ -----— -----T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i ­
a u to m a ti c ( a l l in c e n tiv e

4

1

1

1

62

_

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
B o tto m f i l l e r s 5 ------------------------------E d g e t r i m m e r s ( a l l i n c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) -----—— —-------- ---- -----------G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s ( a l l i n c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ---------------------- ------ ----------H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h in e —-----------I n c e n t i v e ------- —------- -------- ----------I n s e a m e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e

20

19
14
11

14
I n c e n t i v e --------------------- — ----------

10
8

1
1

_
_

_
-

2
2

_
-

1

1
1

1
2
1

2

1

1

1

1

1

_

1

_
_

1
1

_
_

1

1

1

_
-

_
-

1

1

3
_
_

3
_
_

3

-

1

_
-

_
-

-

3
_
_
1
1
1

1

_
_
_
-

_
_

1

.
i

F i n is h i n g
B o tto m s c o u r e r s ( a ll in c e n t iv e
6

3 ftft

14

5 . 54
4 .4 9

j

E d g e s e t t e r s ( a l l in c e n tiv e
T r e e r s ( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) -----S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




11

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

-

3

1

-

2

T a b le 15. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M e n ’s G oodyear-w elt dress s h o e s — B rockton, M a ss.1---- C o n tin u ed
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s, M arch 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

(2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $2 .2 0 $2 .3 0 $2.40 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $3 .8 0 $4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4.60 $ 4 .8 0 $5.0 0 $5.20 $ 5 .4 0 $ 5 .6 0 $5.8 0 $ 6 .0 0 $6 .2 0 $6.40
U nder and
and
w o rk e rs e a rn in g ^
( 2 .0 0 u n d e r
62.10 $2 .2 0 $ 2 .30 $2 .4 0 $2 .6 0 $2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4.8 0 $ 5 .0 0 $5.20 $5.4 0 $5.6 0 $ 5 .8 0 $ 6 .0 0 $ 6 .2 0 $6.40 o v e r

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n — C o n tin u e d
M is c e lla n e o u s
In s p e c to rs (c ro w n e rs)
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------J a n i t o r s ( a l l t im e w o r k e r s )

26

36
7
29

2 .9 1
2 . 32
3. 06

5

2

$ 2 . 82

11

4

2

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s ---------------------T i m e ----------------------------------I n c e n t iv e —— --------------— —
P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r f itte r s ,
u p p e r , h a n d -------------------------I n c e n t i v e ---- ---------------------S k iv e rs , m a c h in e , u p p e rs o r
l in in g s ------- — ------- ---------------T i m e ----------------------------------T o p s t i t c h e r s ---------------------- —
----I n c e n t iv e - ■■
■
—
V a m p e r s -------- -------- ---------------I n c e n t i v e ---------------------- -----

15
11

37
22

33
30
32
26

_

1

_

-

2
2

2

-

2

2 .4 1
2 .5 4

92
1

2
1

2

2 .5 5
2 .4 5
2 . 81
2 . 87
3 . 04
3 . 10

l

_

1

1

_
_
_
_

_

_
_

2
2

"

-

-

7
4
3

3

5

5

2

1

5

5

2

1

3

1

1

_

2
2

1
1

2
2

2
2

1

1

-

2
2

3

22

2

2

2

_

3
3

8
6

2

_

1

"

19
4
4
3
3

1

■

4
"

“

1
_

2
2

1

3

1
2

1

_

_

_

-

_

3
3

4
4
9
4

3
3

3
3

_
_
_

_

2
2

3
3

1
1

~

1

1

1

-

"

1

"

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

”

”

”

'

'

-

"

1

-

-

"

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

2
2
2
2

1
1

-

-

5
5

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

'

'

'

'

'

'

'

"

'

'

F in is h i n g
R e p a i r e r s ----------------------I n c e n t i v e ---------------------

16
12

2 .7 0
2 . 82

1
1

2
2

1

2
2

1
1

2
2

!

2
2

“

”

“

1

“
'

M is c e lla n e o u s
F lo o r g ir ls (a ll tim e w o rk e rs )
In sp e c to rs (cro w n ers)
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ---- -— ------

29

2 .2 9

2

_

6

6

7

7

i

10

2 . 35

1

1

1

2

1

2

2

27
18

2 .2 8
2 .3 0

io 3

' 4
5

6
2

3

3
3

3

2

2

2

1

-

S e le c te d o ffic e
oc c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C le rk s , g e n e ra l
C le rk s , p a y ro ll1
0
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

’2

3
“

“

~

1

■

■

"

“

“

“

“

'

“

'

'

'

T h e a r e a c o n s i s t s o f B r i d g e w a te r , B r o c k to n , M id d le b o ro , R o c k la n d , a n d S to u g h to n , M a s s a c h u s e tt s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d l a t e s h if t s .
A p p r o x im a te ly 55 p e r c e n t o f th e p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y th e s tu d y w e r e p a id on a n in c e n tiv e b a s i s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 10 a t $ 1 . 7 0 to $ 1 .7 5 ; 21 a t $ 1 .7 5 to $ 1 . 8 0 ; 33 a t $ 1 . 8 0 to $ 1 . 8 5 ; 11 a t $ 1 . 8 5 to $ 1 . 90; 46 a t $ 1 .9 0 to $ 1 .9 5 ; 21 a t $ 1. 95 to $ 2 .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s i n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i n a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b l ic a ti o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w ag e p a y m e n t, p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 1 a t $ 7 to $ 7 . 2 0 a n d 1 a t $ 7 . 2 0 to $ 7 .4 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6 . 6 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 1 a t $ 6 . 60 to $ 6 . 80 a n d 1 a t $ 7 . 20 to $ 7 . 4 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 1 a t $ 1 . 80 to $ 1 . 90 a n d 1 a t $ 1 . 9 0 to $ 2 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 2 a t $ 1. 70 to $ 1. 80 a n d 1 a t $ 1 . 80 to $ 1 . 9 0 .




T a b le 16. O ccu p a tion a l earnings: M en’s G oody ear-we It d re ss sh o e s— T en n essee
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ----------------- —
M e n ---------------------— ----------— — —
W o m e n ------------------------------------------

of
h o u r ly $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3. 10 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s 1 a n d
a nd
under
&1.65 &1.70 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3. 10 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $3. 80 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 o v e r
3 ,4 0 1
1 ,3 7 5
2 ,0 2 6

$ 2 .3 0
2 .5 0
2. 17

356
113
243

93
27

118
52

62
26

36

10
68

84
46
38

461

66

93
18
75

156
54

66

102

373

24
15

2 .6 3

1
1

1
1

_
_

_
_

1
1

_
_

_
_

1
1

3

2 .6 6

154

2 .6 9

-

2

2

2

1

-

6

4

78

266
79
187

244
78
166

165
73
92

164
77
87

105
57
48

140
69
71

91

88

61

111

30

49
39

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

4

3

_
_

2

2

_
_

6

1

4

5

5

12

14

11

10

13

7

88

192
81

93
59
34

64
37
27

97
69
28

81
60

42
34

28
26

18
16

22

21

8

2

2

6

_

_

1
1

3
3

1
1

_

_

10

20

7

4

7

3

3

2

-

4

_

1

_

16

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s —m e n
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in in g , m a c h i n e * 3 ---------L e a t h e r ------------------------------------—
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h in e , l e a t h e r 2 ------------------------L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h in e
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----------------H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ---------------— -------- -----------P u llo v e r - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----------------S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e , s ta p l e o r
t a c k l a s t i n g ( a ll in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) -----— —-----------— --------------T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i ­
a u to m a ti c ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) — ——
-----—---------------- — —

22

2 .6 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

_

1

1

_

_

2

4

4

3

41

2 .5 7

5

-

-

_

-

_

_

2

_

4

1

4

7

4

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

2

_

6

_

_

2

67

2 .7 3

9

1

1

1

_

1

_

_

3

4

3

4

3

3

_

4

2

3

1

1

6

6

4

5

80

2 .7 5

1

-

2

-

-

4

1

1

2

13

3

1

3

3

5

4

6

3

4

2

8

5

4

5

_

_

39

2 .6 1

2

2

2

1

1

-

"

-

"

4

3

5

1

2

-

-

-

2

1

-

8

2

1

2

-

-

2

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
B o tto m f i l l e r s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) —— ------------------------------- —
E d g e t r i m m e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ------- — — — ------ -— ----------G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s ( a l l i n c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ----------------------------------------H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e ----------------I n c e n tiv e —------------ ----------------I n s e a r n e r s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) —
R o u g h r o u n d e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ------—-------------------------------S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s
( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----------------S o l e 4 e v e l e r s , m a c h in e ( a ll
in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----------- -------------

6

2 .7 9

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

_

72

3 .2 3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

1

2

2

3

1

3

3

8

3

1

5

5

6

8

3

8

6

82
49
39
47

2 .8 0
3 .0 4
2 .9 8
2 .5 2

4

-

-

4

8

5

4

13
3

6
6

2
2

9

5

2

2

4
4
4

_
_
_

_

1
1

_
_
_
_

_

3
3
4

11
1
1
1

8

2
2
1

3
_
_

12

3
3
4

4
_

4

1
1
1

8
6
6

6

_
_
_

2
2

_

_
_
3

1

1

_

-

-

_

_
_

7

-

2

2 .7 0

2

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

3

_

2

2

2

2

3

_

_

_

-

-

_

2

5

1

3

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

39

1
1

1
1

1
1

_

2
2
1

5

2

2

2

2

2

5

4

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

.

2

-

4

-

4

-

-

-

-

29

2 .0 2

8

1

13

2 .0 5

6

-

1

9

2 .8 7

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

31

1 .9 3

2

_

2

_

_

_

19

4

2

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

63

2 .7 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

1

2

1

3

3

8

6

_

F i n is h i n g
E d g e s e t t e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ------- — —------- ----------------—
O th e r
J a n i t o r s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------------M e c h a n ic s , m a i n t e n a n c e ( a ll
t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------ :------------------------S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




_
23

T a b le 16. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M en ’s G oodyear-w elt dress sh o e s—T e n n e s s e e ---- Continued
(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s, M a rch 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t * t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s <
S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r A v e r a g e $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $1. 85 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3. 10 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0
of
h o u r ly t and
and
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s u n d e r
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 o v e r

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in in g , m a c h i n e ( a l l in c e n ­
t iv e w o r k e r s )3 ----------------- — ---------L e a t h e r ----------------------------------:----C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h i n e , l e a t h e r 2 ------------------

4
3

2
2

5
4

4
3

-

-

“

-

-

2

2

9

6

-

1

"

-

-

-

18

12

9

5

7

5

6

1

2

2

_

11

6

1

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

2

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

l

4

_

_

_

_

1
1

6

12

2
2

_

3

3
3

2

_
4

-

-

i

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

1
1

4

10

18

6

5

18

29

20

12

1

4

5

7

1

2

2

-

5

_

1

17

7
15

11

12

17

5

5

-

2

2

-

-

1

4

-

2

-

-

10

6

4

_

1

1

65
60

$ 2 .3 5
2 .3 0

9
9

-

1

1
1

3
3

-

3
3

1
1

5
5

7
7

5
5

109

2 .3 9

5

2

3

2

4

1

4

1

3

2

5

280

2 .3 3

44

10

2

l

1

7

2

7

16

22

22

104

2 . 15

27

6

5

1

-

-

-

6

7

4

10

45

2 .4 7

4

-

-

3

-

-

-

2

5

4

5

4

66
211

2 .3 0
2 .4 1

6

_
3

_

!
4

5
16

9

6

2

j
5

10

2

2
6

_

23

3
4

5

26

30

2. 13

5

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

6

3

13

2. 17

4

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

4
4
11

6

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s ( a ll in c e n t iv e
w o rk e rs) •
P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r f itte r s ,
u p p e r , h a n d 2 ---------------------------------S k iv e rs , m a c h in e , u p p e rs o r
lin i n g s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) -----T o p s t i t c h e r s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
V a m p e r s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) —
L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h in e
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----------------B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
S h a n k e r s ( a ll i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----F in is h i n g

F l o o r g i r l s ( a ll t im e w o r k e r s ) I n p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) — — ------T i m e -------------------------------

8

1 .7 4

5

7
114

2 .2 5

2

2

2 .0 1

86

B o tto m s c o u r e r s ---------------E d g e s e t t e r s ( a l l i n c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ----------- -— ---- ------R e p a i r e r s ----------------------------

1 .9 7

4
4

"

2
2

62
149
140

2 .0 0

2
2

8
8

1 .9 9
1 .9 6

2
6

4

1

2

-

-

“

5
3

9
5

4
4

7
7

2
10
10

-

“

5
5

73
67

3
12
12

6
6

44
67
67

10

17
17

'

S e l e c t e d o ffic e
o c c u p a tio n s - — o m e n
w
C le rk s , g e n e ra l
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -1
3
2

_

2

35
27

2 .1 4
2. 13

4
-

“

-

2
2

4

8
8

2
2

11

4

7

2

2

1
2
2

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
A p p r o x im a te ly 79 p e r c e n t o f th e p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s
2 I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b l ic a ti o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t, p r e d o m in a n tly in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i n a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .




c o v e r e d b y th e s tu d y w e r e p a id on a n in c e n tiv e b a s i s ,

T a b le 17. O ccupational earnings: M en’s Goodyear-w elt d re ss s h o e s —W is co n s in
(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im 4 h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s , M a rch 1971)

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s __________
M e n ______________________________
W o m en __________________________

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N u m b e r A v e r a g e $I7So $ T £ 5 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1785 $ 1.90 $1795 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $2 .2 0 $ 2 .30 $ 2 .40 $2.50 $2.60 $ 2 .70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 f3 7 4 0 $3.60 $3780 $4.00 W a o $4.80 $5.20
h o u r ly
of
and
and
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s 1 i n d e r
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $ 1 .80 $1.85 $ 1.90 $ 1 .95 $2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $ 2 .50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 J3...60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.40 $4.80 $5.20 o v e r
2 22

89

95
3
92

49
173

4 13
60
353

258
32
226

238
49
189

218
24
194

203
59
144

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

1

2

1

-

2

-

-

4

$ 2 .7 2
3. 19
2. 53

3, 982
1, 178
2 ,8 0 4

37
4
33

31
_
31

39
14
25

125
26
99

112

78
30
48

109

30
82

2. 64

-

-

-

-

1

-

20

184
39
145

201

235
65
170

243
81

108
61
47

55
46

166
103
63

100

83
118

163
93
70

101

162

70
30

37
33
4

-

-

-

-

_

1

_

1

_

_

2
2

4
3

1
1

2
2

8
8

5
5

6
6

9
9

15
15

9
9

*17
17

2
2

209
45
164

-

2
2

-

2

-

1
1
1
1

_
_

-

_
_
_

1
1

-

-

_
_

-

1
1

_
_

*Z
2

57
50
7

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — e n
m
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin i n g , m a c h i n e ,
l e a t h e r 2a /
---------------------------------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h in e , le a th e r
______________
I n c e n tiv e -------------------------------------

9
83
80

4 .2 9
4. 35

-

-

-

-

-

10

2 .9 2
3 .0 3
3. 28
3. 74

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

1

2
2

1
1

-

2
2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

2

-

2

2

3

5

4

5

7

1

1

1
1

3
3

1
1

-

1
1

2
2

3
3

7

5
5

2
2

3
3

8
8

_
-

2
2

1

6

1
1

-

2

-

-

2

2

3

3

2

2

-

2

-

*8

1
1

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5

4
4

3
3

13
13

9
9

3
3

4
4

2
2
2

1

2
1
1

5

9

3

3
3

4
4

6

6
2
2

8
2
2

-

4
4
_
3
3

4
4

5
_
_
5
5
_

3
_
_
3
3
_

1

1
1

4
4

1
1
6
6

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r ,
m a c h i n e ____________________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________________
H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s _________________
I n c e n tiv e _______________________
P u llo v e r-m a c h in e o p e r a to r s
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) __________
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h in e
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) 5 _________
S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t in g __________
T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i ­
a u to m a ti c ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) _-------------------------------------

9
13
9

-

-

2

32

3. 94

41
40

3 .4 3
3. 44

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

26

4 . 24

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

45
43

4. 19
4 .2 8

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

.

_

46
29
25
29
27

3 .8 2
3. 04
3. 14
3 .8 6
3 .9 5

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

1
1

2
2
2

2 .9 6

-

1
1

6
20

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
E d g e t r i m m e r s ------------------------------I n c e n tiv e -----------------------------------G oodyear s titc h e r s
( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) __________
H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e __________
I n c e n tiv e -----------------------------------I n s e a m e r s ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________________
J o i n t e r s , m a c h i n e 2 b / --------------------R o u g h r o u n d e r s __________________
I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------------

18

3 .4 5
3. 56

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

3
4

1

-

-

1

1
1
1

_

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

“

"

1

1
1

-

2

_

1

.
3
3

1

1
1

2
2

2
2
1

4
_
-

4
4
-

4
4
_

-

1
1

2
2

2
2

1
1
2
2

1
2
2

1

1

_
_
_
_
_
-

F in is h i n g
B o tto m s c o u r e r s ___________________
I n c e n tiv e _______________________
E d g e s e t t e r s ________________________
I n c e n tiv e ________________________
S e e f o o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le .




26
22

34
32

3 .0 2
3. 24
3 .8 4
3. 96

_

1

_

3

_

_

_
_

1

1

1

_

_

-

_
_

1

-

_

_

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

1

1
1

1

3

1

-

3
3

2
2

_

2
2

_

_

-

_

.
_

1
1

8
8

_

1
1

_

5
5

2
2

2
2
2
2

T a b le 17. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M e n ’s Goodyear-w elt dress s h o e s —W is c o n s in ---- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r A v e r a g e $1.60 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $ 1 .85 H T90 $1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .20 $ 2 .30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.8 0 $4.00 $4.40 $4.80 $5.20
h o u r ly
of
and
w o r k e r s e a r n i n g si
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $ 1 .90 $1 .9 5 $ 2 .00 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $ 2 .70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.40 $4.80 $5.20 o v e r

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s— e n — o n tin u e d
m
C
M i s c e ll a n e o u s
1
1
2

M e c h a n ic s, m a in te n a n c e
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------

-----

-----

28
26
41

$ 2 .9 2
2. 70
2 . 18

16

61
56

2 .8 2
2 .8 7

88

78

3 .2 5
3. 38

-

174
160

2 .6 4
2 .6 9

160
142

2 . 30
2. 35

95
77
107
94
94
19
75

2 .5 4
2 .6 7
2 .7 9
2 .9 0
2 .8 1
1 .9 6
3. 03

32
26

2 .4 7
2 .5 4

7

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

3

_

_

_

1

6

15

5

4

2
2
1

2 .9 7

2 . 50
2 . 57

-

3. 55

21

I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) ____-__ ——— —

_

}
_

3
3

1

3
3

1

-

1

1

1

3
3
1

2

3
3

-

1

2
2

1
1

_

2

-

-

-

-

“

4

2

_

_
■

2

1

2

~

1

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — o m e n
w
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in in g , m a c h i n e ,
I n c e n tiv e ___________________________
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h i n e ___-______________ ________
I n c e n t iv e .--------------------------------------

-

5
5

3
3

3
3

3
3

2
2

6
6

5
5

7
7

3
3

1
1

2
2

2
2

5
5

1
1

“

“

2
2

4

3

4

2

1

2

9
9

5
5

4
4

5
5

6
6

6
6

4
4

6
6

6
6

8
8

3
3

3
3

4
4

19
19

17
17

6
6

12
10

13

-

11

13
13

11
11

13
13

9
9

11
11

6
6

6
6

5
5

2
2

2
2

“

1
1

3
3

14
14

15
15

6

4

9
9

10
10

8
8

8
8

9
9

9
9

4
4

4
4

1

4
4

"
-

1
1

1

■
-

"
-

6
2
1
1

5
3
7
5
7

4
4
9
9

1

4
4
4
4

7
7
10
8

8
8
6
6

-

-

6
2

6

-

■

2

2

2

4

6

4
4
4
■
4

-

1

9
9

4
4
5
5

-

6

4
4
9
9
5
5

-

2
2
2

3
3
5
5

2

12
8
6
6
2

2

8
8

1
1

2
2

_
-

_

3

-

1

_
-

‘

-

1
1

10

-

2
2

1
1

4
4

2

2

-

9
9

2
2

4
_

10
8

1

2
2

5
3

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

4
4

5
3

4
-

6
6

7
7

18

4

10

2

6
2

2

-

_
-

1
1

1
1

-

1
1
1

-

5

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t^ t ^ h e r s

_

___________

P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r f itte rs ,
T n re n fc iv e ____ _______ _
S k iv e rs , m a c h in e , u p p e rs o r
l i n i n g s ______________ ____ ___ ______
f n p p f itrlie r s
JnrA ntivft

I n c e n tiv e

_ ____ _________
____ _ _ _
......

------------------------------------

_

2

_
_

6

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

_
3
3
-

_

1
1

_

1
1

1

_
4
4
-

_

_

2
2

1

3

_

-

1

2
1

2

_

2
2

_

-

9
9

5
5

10
10
10

8
8
6

8

-

-

-

10

6

8

4
4
5
5
4
4

4
4

2
2

2
2

_
-

2
2

-

-

-

-

“

"

1

2

1

1

1

2
2

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

5
5

5
5
5
5

1
1

■

1

'

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r ,
m Br h ip p
- _- — — — — —
I n c e n tiv e
,„
H e e l-s e a t la s te rs
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----------------

_

-

1

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
19
S e e f o o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .




.
_

_

_

_
_

_
_

3
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

3
3

2
2

4
4

2
2

_
-

T a b le 17. O ccu p a tion a l earnings: M en’s Goodyear-w elt dre ss sh o e s —W is c o n s in --- Continued

1
2
3
4
5
6

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
A p p r o x im a te ly 72 p e r c e n t o f t h e p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by th e s tu d y w e r e p a id on an in c e n tiv e b a s i s .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m in a n tly t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m in a n tly in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 12 a t $ 5 .2 0 to $ 5 .6 0 ; a n d 5 a t $ 5 .6 0 to $ 6 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 1 a t $ 5 . 20 to $ 5 .6 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 5 . 6 0 to $ 6 .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s if i c a t io n in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 2 a t $ 5 . 20 to $ 5 . 60; 2 a t $ 5 . 60 to $ 6 ; 2 a t $ 6 to $ 6 . 40 ; a n d 2 a t $ 6 . 40 a n d o v e r .




T a b le 18. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings:

M e n ’s G oodyear-w elt work s h o e s —all establishm ents

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)

H o u r ly e a r n in g s 1

N um ber

G reat L akes

N ew E n g la n d

U n ite d S ta te s 2
D e p a r tm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

w o rk e rs

M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

134
54
80
119
44
75
362
251
111
359
248
111

$ 2 .4 2
2.5 9
2 .3 0
2.3 9
2.61
2.2 7
3.20
3.3 9
2 .7 8
3.2 0
3.3 8
2 .7 8

$ 2 .1 9
2.2 8
2.1 0
2.10
2.17
2.07
2 .9 3
3.17
2 .5 8
2 .9 3
3.17
2.5 8

$ 1 .9 0 —
$2.71
2 .0 1 - 3.1 2
1 .9 0 - 2.57
1 .9 0 - 2.61
1 .9 9 - 3.1 7
1 .9 0 - 2.56
2 .4 5 - 3.7 8
2 .5 5 - 4 .0 7
1 .9 8 - 3.1 7
2 .4 5 - 3 .7 3
2 .5 5 - 4 .0 5
1 .9 8 - 3.1 7

238

2.4 8

2.4 2

1 .9 3 - 2.8 9

147

2.0 9

1.98

1 .8 0 - 2 .3 0

111
259
232

2 .5 2
2.3 3
2 .5 2

2.4 7
2 .1 4
2 .3 8

2 .0 4 - 2.91
1 .8 6 - 2 .6 8
1 .9 5 - 2 .9 9

90
77
41
35
75
80
78

2 .6 8
2.71
2 .7 4
2.6 9
3.11
3.21
3.2 0

2 .5 2
2 .5 2
2 .6 4
2.45
2.97
3.2 8
3.27

2 .1 0 2 .1 5 2 .1 0 2 .0 6 2 .2 3 2 .4 2 2 .3 9 -

92

2 .9 4

28
90
127
55
67
69
35

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

41
20
21
37
18
19
125
88

$2.51
2 .6 8
2 .3 4
2.45
2 .6 6
2.2 5
3 .4 4
3.6 2

$ 2 .3 4
2.5 5
2 .1 9
2 .2 4
2 .5 5
2 .0 0
3.35
3.55

$ 1 .9 6 — 2 .9 0
$
2 .0 2 - 3.2 0
1 .9 0 - 2 .7 9
1 .9 5 - 2.8 5
2 .0 1 - 3 .1 8
1 .9 0 - 2 .6 2
2 . 8 2 - 4 .0 7
3 .0 8 - 4 .2 1

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin i n g , m a c h i n e 3_______________________
M e n -------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n _____________________________________
L e a t h e r -----------------------------------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------------------W nm ftTi_____________________________________
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e ----------^ e n ________________________________________
W o m e n _____________________________________
TlAfl tllA t*_______________________________________
M e n -------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------------------------

28
-

20
24
-

$ 3 .0 6
2 .80
3 .1 4
2.81
3.85
4 .1 5
3.20
3.87
4 .1 7
3.20

$2.61
2.57
2.61
2.57
3 .50
3 .8 4
2 .7 3
3 .50
3 .8 4
2 .7 3

-

$ 2 .4 4 —
$3.37
2.44— 3.12
2 .4 4 - 3.82
2 .4 3 - 3.13
2 .7 3 - 4 .7 9
3 .0 3 - 5.06
2 .3 5 - 3.61
2 .7 6 - 4 .8 3
3 .0 7 - 5.06
2 .3 5 - 3.61

2 .5 2 - 3.14

-

-

3.4 2
3 .6 0

3 .3 4
3 .5 3
“

2 . 8 2 - 4 .0 6
3 .0 3 - 4 .1 9
“

18
103
71
32
102
70
32

24

2 .3 0

2 .2 3

2 .0 0 - 2 .5 8

114

2.85

2.85

59

2.05

1.97

1 .7 8 - 2 .1 7

35

2.11

1.98

1 .8 7 - 2 .28

33
74
67

2 .7 7
2.7 7
2 .9 2

2 .7 5
2.7 6
2 .9 2

2 .3 7 - 2 .9 9
2 .3 9 - 3.1 5
2 .5 7 - 3 .2 0

24
38
50

3.06
2.57
2 .7 3

2 .9 8
2.47
2 .7 3

2 .7 3 - 3 .52
2 .1 3 - 2.71
1 .9 3 - 3.15

3.2 8
3 .2 8
3.11
3 .1 4
3 .7 2
3 .9 4
3.95

25
20
7
6
22
23
23

3.1 9
3.1 6
2 .8 4
2.8 5
3.8 9
3.77
3.77

3 .2 8
3 .1 3
3.8 9
3.87
3.87

2 .6 3 2 .6 2 3 .0 8 3 .1 7 3 .1 7 -

3.09
3.21
2 .9 8
2 .9 4
2 .7 2
3.60
3.59

-

-

3.61
3.61

-

4 .5 3
4 .1 7
4 .1 7

14
12
13
8
9
23
21

3 .2 8 - 4.11
3 .2 8 - 4 .1 4

2.86

2 .1 9 - 3.49

30

3.1 9

3.1 9

2 .6 0 - 3 .8 0

22

3 .22

3.28

2 .8 6 - 3.86

2 .5 2
3.21
3.0 3
2 .7 8
3.27
3.0 0
2.2 0

2.31
2.9 9
3.00
2.7 8
3.25
3.01
2.0 0

2 .0 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 5 2 .0 6 2 .2 3 2 .4 4r1 .8 4 -

11
26
43
14
23
19
12

2.31
4 .2 9
3 .2 3
3 .3 2
3 .7 3
3 .2 4
2.0 5

4 .2 2
3.3 0
3.75
3.2 8
-

3 .6 0 - 5 .0 8
2 .7 4 — 3 .6 4
3 .1 7 - 4 .4 0
3 .1 0 - 3 .5 2
-

9
13
26
12
15
13
7

3.07
4 .3 8
3 .63
3.32
3.67
3.66
2.67

3.41
3 .89

3 .0 4 - 4 .4 6
2 .3 8 - 4 .7 2
-

49

2.37

2.20

1 .8 0 - 2.8 6

“

-

11

2 .80

15
80
42

2 .9 4
2 .4 2
2 .9 6

3.08
2 .3 0
2.78

2 .7 9 - 3 .4 8
2 .0 9 - 2.6 0
2 .4 7 - 3.41

_

26

9
30
22

3.09
2 .50
3 .23

-

123
86
-

-

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s (4 m e n , 23 4 w o m e n ) ----------------P a s te r s , b a c k e r s , o r f it te r s , u p p e r, hand
(1 m a n , 146 w o m e n ) ------------------------------------------S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r lin in g s
(2 m e n , 109 w o m e n ) ------------------------------------------T o p s t i t c h e r s (3 m e n , 256 w o m e n ) --------------------V a m p e r s (9 m e n , 223 w o m e n ) ----------------------------L a s tin g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h i n e --------------------Ivlcn
____ __^___ r______
H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s -------------------------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------------------P u l l o v e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ( a l l m e n ) --------------S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h in e (77 m e n , 3 w o m e n ) -------S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t in g (7 6 m e n , 2 w o m e n ) ---T o e l a s t i n g , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i a u to m a ti c
(91 m e n , 1 w o m a n )------------------------------------- -----

3 .5 4
3 .5 9

-

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
B o tto m f i l l e r s (1 0 m e n , 18 w o m e n ) -------------------E d g e t r i m m e r s (89 m e n , 1 w o m a n ) -------------------G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s (122 m e n , 5 w o m e n )-----------H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e (5 2 m e n , 3 w o m e n )---I n s e a m e r s (6 4 m e n , 3 w o m e n )----------------------------R o u g h r o u n d e r s (6 2 m e n , 7 w o m e n )-------------------S h a n k e rs (21 m e n , 14 w o m e n ) ----------------------------S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s
(2 4 m e n , 25 w o m e n )- ! ----------------------------------------

2 .6 2
4 .1 7
3.6 0
3.3 9
4 .1 8
3 .5 3
2.2 6

”

”

-

-

-

F i n is h i n g
E d g e s e t t e r s (1 3 m e n , 2 w o m e n )------------------------R e p a i r e r s (1 5 m e n , 65 w o m e n )--------------------------T r e e r s (6 m e n , 36 w o m e n ) ----------------------------------

S e e f o o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le .




_

_

2 .3 4

_

2 .2 4

2 .0 7 - 2 .3 7

_

2 .28
3 .22

_

2 .0 9 - 3.01
2 .7 9 — 3 .58

T a b le 18. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M e n ’s G oodyear-w elt w ork s h o e s — all estab lish m en ts----Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
U n ited S t a t e s 2
D e p a r tm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

N ew E n g la n d

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M e an

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

G reat Lakes

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

H o u r ly e a r n in g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

30
25
32
_
23
18
21

$ 2 .3 2
2 .2 8
2 .65

$2.21
2.18
2.30

$ 2 .0 6 — 2 .4 9
$
2 .0 5 - 2.41
1 .9 9 - 3.27

2 .33
2 .3 2
3 .4 4

2.06
2.36
3.35

1 .9 5 - 2.45
2 .0 0 - 2.71
3 .2 3 - 3.75

31

2 .26

2.30

2 .0 0 - 2.47

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — C o n tin u e d
M is c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r b o y s ( o r g i r l s ) . ------------------------- ------ ---W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) ------------_
_________
M e n --------------------------------------------------------------W om en
-----------------------------------------------------J a n i t o r s (40 m e n , 16 w o m e n )____________________
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ( a l l m e n ) ----------------------

106
68
144
45
99
56
68

$2 .1 6
2 .1 4
2.1 9
2.37
2.11
2.0 6
3.10

$ 2 .0 6
2 .0 6
2 .0 6
2 .0 6
2 .0 0
2 .0 0
3 .1 0

$ 2 .0 0 — 2 .2 5
$
2 .0 0 - 2 .2 5
1 .9 5 - 2 .2 5
2 .0 6 - 2 .4 3
1 .9 0 - 2 .1 9
1 .7 5 - 2 .2 5
2 .7 1 - 3.41

43
29
60
13
47
6
9

$ 2 .2 1
2 .1 3
2 .1 3
2 .2 3
2.1 1
2 .1 3
3 .1 3

$ 2 .0 5
2.0 5
2.0 5
.
2.0 5

66
37

2 .2 4
2.28

2 .1 8
2 .1 5

2 .0 0 - 2 .3 5
2 .0 5 - 2 .5 0

21
22

2 .2 8
2 .2 8

2 .2 0
2 .1 5

-

"

$ 2 .0 0 — 2 .3 2
$
2 .0 0 - 2 .1 7
2 .0 0 - 2 .2 8
_
1 .9 5 - 2 .2 0
_
-

S e le c te d o f fic e o c c u p a tio n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ( a l l w o m e n )_____________________
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ( a l l w o m e n )____ _________ ____

E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .
a n d m id d le r a n g e s a r e n o t p r o v id e d f o r jo b s w ith f e w e r th a n 15 w o r k e r s in a r e g io n .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to th o s e sho w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NO TE :

D a s h e s in d ic a te no d a ta r e p o r te d or data that do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .




2 .1 0 - 2 .5 0
2 .1 0 - 2.3 0

S ee a p p e n d ix A f o r m e th o d u s e d to c o m p u te m e a n s , m e d i a n s , a n d m id d le r a n g e s of e a r n i n g s .

M e an s

T a b le 19. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M e n ’s ce m en t-p ro cess sh o e s— all estab lishm ents
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)

H o u r ly e a rn in g s 1

N um ber
w o rk e rs

M ean

M e d ia n

G re a t L akes

N ew E n g la n d

U n ite d S t a t e s 1
2
D e p a r tm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

“

“

M id d le r a n g e

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin i n g , m a c h in e (9 2 m e n .
48 w o m e n ) 3----------- ---------------- -------- —
S y n th e tic s (2 9 m e n , 10 w o m e n ) — - ---- —
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h i n e , l e a t h e r ----------------------------------------------

____________________

W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------

140
39

$ 2 .6 8
2.57

$ 2 .4 4
2.4 0

$ 1 .9 9 — 3 .1 7
$
1 .9 7 - 3.15

35
17

$ 2 .9 0
2 .4 8

$ 2 .6 1
2 .3 2

$ 2 .2 3 — 3 .4 9
$
2 . 0 4 - 2 .7 9

“

530
376
154

3.32
3.66
2.47

3.01
3.41
2.5 6

2 .4 4 — 4 .2 3
2 . 6 9 - 4 .5 6
1 .8 5 - 2.9 7

152
145
7

4 .1 5
4 .2 3
2 .6 9

4 .2 1
4 .3 2
-

3 .1 3 - 5 .0 5
3 .1 8 - 5 .1 3
-

106
38

$ 3 .8 7
2 .9 4

$ 3 .7 2
2 .8 6

$2.97—
$4.50
2 .6 1 - 3.23

592

2.1 0

2 .0 2

1 .7 2 - 2 .2 8

96

2.4 5

2 .2 6

2 .0 5 - 2 .7 9

90

2 .2 9

2 .1 8

1 .8 0 - 2.65

283

2.19

2.01

1 .8 0 - 2 .3 4

50

2.3 6

2 .1 4

1 .9 5 - 2 .3 0

25 8
465
4 39

2.28
2.3 2
2.36

2.1 3
2 .2 0
2 .2 4

1 .8 3 - 2 .5 3
1 .9 4 - 2 .6 4
1 .8 0 - 2.81

67
120
122

2 .4 2
2 .5 8
2 .7 3

2 .3 2
2 .5 4
2 .7 7

2 .0 5 - 2 .6 1
2 .2 3 - 2 .7 7
2 .3 1 - 3 .1 4

68

123
95
62

2 .5 2
2 .5 8
2 .4 4

2 .2 9
2.2 9
2 .1 8

2 . 0 8 - 2 .7 6
2 . 0 8 - 2 .9 3
2 . 0 1 - 2 .8 0

51
38
22

2 .6 4
2.71
2 .9 9

2.61
2 .6 2
2.8 1

2 .1 2 - 2 .9 3
2 .1 3 - 2 .9 5
2 .6 7 - 3 .3 8

22
“

58
34

2.7 6
2.95

2 .6 4
2.8 6

2 .3 4 — 2.97
2 .4 4 — 3 .6 4

11

3 .4 4
3 .4 4

53
132
46
86

3.17
2.8 0
3.05
2.67

2 .7 2
2.45
2.57
2.4 0

2 .2 7 2 .1 0 2 .2 S 2 .0 9 -

3.6 6
3.2 6
3.97
3 .1 8

12
21
7
14

3.4 6
3.8 0
4 .0 9
3.65

4 .0 3
”

66

2 .9 2

2.71

2 . 1 2 - 3 .4 0

10

3.4 8

-

124
55
68
52
39
28

3.3 3
2.81
2.77
2.67
2.85
2.3 9

3.0 2
2.4 8
2.5 9
2.55
2.4 9
2.30

2 .2 6 2 .1 5 2 .0 8 2 .2 6 2 .1 4 1 .9 5 -

4 .1 9
3 .2 3
3 .1 3
2.8 6
3 .3 2
2 .7 4

21
15
16
18
6
“

4 .5 5
3 .4 2
3.1 8
3 .0 2
3 .9 4
“

4 .8 8
3 .0 0
2 .9 9
2 .7 0
”

3.34r2 .3 8 2 .8 2 2 .7 0 -

174

2 .5 8

2 .4 4

2 . 0 8 - 2 .9 3

45

2 .9 8

3 .0 0

2 .3 0 - 3 .6 4

48
64
151
220

2.3 3
3.19
2.3 3
2 .3 4

2.0 6
2 .8 3
2.0 8
2.25

1 .8 7 - 2 .7 3
2 . 3 6 - 4 .2 7
1 .9 4 — 2 .6 3
2 . 0 1 - 2 .5 5

6
9
60
18

2.8 7
4 .2 4
2 .3 2
3 .5 0

2 .0 5
3 .6 2

1 .6 8 - 2 .3 5
2 . 8 4 - 4 .0 4

187
117
219
174
92
95

2 .1 4
2 .1 3
2.25
2 .1 7
2 .0 8
2.7 2

2.1 0
2.1 2
2.15
2.1 5
2.1 2
2 .6 4

1 .9 5 1 .9 7 2 .0 1 2 .0 1 1 .9 1 2 .3 1 -

47
35
79
63
24
9

2.1 0
2.11
2 .0 8
2.01
2.0 0
2 .9 5

2 .1 5
2 .1 5
2 .1 5
2 .1 5
2 .1 0

1 .9 3 1 .9 5 1 .9 3 1 .8 0 1 .8 4 -

-

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s (1 m a n , 591 w o m e n )----------------P a s te r s , b a c k e r s , o r f itte r s , u p p e r, hand
(1 m a n , 282 w o m e n )---------------- _
----- ~
—
S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r lin in g s
(2 m e n , 256 w o m e n )---- ---------------- —
T o p s t i t c h e r s ( a l l w o m e n ) ----------------- -----V a m p e r s (9 m e n , 4 30 w o m e n )-----------------------------

“
-

2 .7 7

2 .76

2 .4 6 - 2.99

3.22

3.21

2 .5 2 - 3.70

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h i n e -------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------------------H e e l s e a t l a s t e r s (51 m e n , 11 w o m e n )--------------P u llin g a n d l a s t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(51 m e n , 7 w o m e n ) 3 ----------------------------------------T o e to b a l l (27 m e n , 7 w o m e n )---------------------P u llo v e r-m a c h in e o p e ra to rs
(46 m e n , 7 w o m e n ) -------------------------------------------S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e (11 0 m e n , 22 w o m e n )---S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t i n g (3 8 m e n , 8 w o m e n )---C e m e n t l a s t i n g (7 2 m e n , 14 w o m e n )------------T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i a u to m a ti c
( a l l m e n ) --------------------------------------------------------------

11

-

-

-

“

"

“

“

-

“

25
“

3.55
"

3 .26
”

-

3 .3 5 - 4 .3 4
“

-

“

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

2 .8 2 - 4 .1 6
“

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
E d g e t r i m m e r s (1 0 2 m e n , 22 w o m e n )---------------G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s ( a l l m e n ) -----------------------------H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h in e (6 4 m e n , 4 w o m e n ) —
L ittle w a y s t i t c h e r s ( a l l m e n ) -----------------------------R o u g h r o u n d e r s (3 7 m e n , 2 w o m e n ) -----------------S h a n k e rs (1 2 m e n , 16 w o m e n )----------------------------S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s
(136 m e n , 38 w o m e n ) ----------------------------------------

5 .7 2
4 .5 4
3 .5 9
2 .9 8

-

-

-

14

2 .6 4

-

23

3.25

3.45

2 .5 4 - 3.76

F i n is h i n g
B o tto m s c o u r e r s (3 6 m e n , 12 w o m e n ) --------------E d g e s e t t e r s (55 m e n , 9 w o m e n ) ---------------- ~
R e p a i r e r s (7 m e n , 144 w o m e n ) ----------- —
T r e e r s (1 2 m e n , 208 w o m e n ) - — ------- --------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
20

2 .5 3
2 .3 9
-

2 .5 0
2.25
-

-

M is c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r b o y s o r g i r l s ---------------------------------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------------------------I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) ----------------------------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------------------------J a n i t o r s (89 m e n , 3 w o m e n ) ------------------------------M e c h a n ic s , m a i n t e n a n c e (9 3 m e n , 2 w o m e n ) —

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d
a n d m id d le r a n g e s a r e n o t p r o v id e d f o r jo b s w ith f e w e r th a n 15 w o r k e r s in a r e g io n .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
N O TE :

D a s h e s in d ic a te no d a ta o r d a ta th a t d o n ot m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .




2 .3 2
2 .2 5
2 .3 8
2 .2 9
2 .2 0
3.01

l a t e s h if t s .

“

S ee a p p e n d ix A f o r m e th o d u s e d

2 .3 0
2 .2 9
2 .1 5
2 .1 5
2 .1 5

-

-

27
to c o m p u te m e a n s , m e d i a n s ,

-

3.25

-

3.09

2 .2 5 - 2.80
2 .2 5 - 2.50
-

3 .0 0 - 3.48

a n d m id d le r a n g e s of r a t e s .

M eans

T a b le 20. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s ce m en t-p ro cess (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — all estab lishm ents
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
U n ite d S ta te s 2
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

D e p a r tm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

N ew E n g la n d

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M e a n M ed ian M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M id d le A tla n tic

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

B o r d e r S ta te s

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

H o u r ly e a r n in g s 1
M e an

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

$ 2 .1 5
2 .13
2.16
2.18
_
2.17
_
_
_
_
_
2.37
_
2 .2 3
2 .37
_
2 .2 3
_
_

$ 2 .1 4
_
2 .2 4
2 .2 4
_
2 .2 4
_
_
_
_
_
2.25
_
2 .12
2.25
_
2.12
_
_

$ 1 .7 3 — 2 .4 3
$
_
_
1 .6 8 - 2 .4 4
1 .7 9 - 2 .43

-

~

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in in g , m a c h i n e ______________________ ___
M e n __ ______ __ ___ __ _________ ______ _____
W o m e n __________ ______________ _____ __
L e a th e r _
_
_ _
„
__
M e n _______ _____ ________ __ ______________ __
W o m e n ----------------------------------------------- ----S y n t h e ti c s ___________________________________
____ ___ ___________ ___ __
M en
__
W
o
m
e
n
~
~
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , h a n d ___________
__
M e n _________ ____ ________ ____________ _
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h in e -------- __
M e n _________ ____________________________ __
W o m e n _______ ___ ______ ________________
__
L e a t h e r _
M e n .—---------------------------__ ___
____
W o m e n __ ___________ _________ _______ ______
S y n t h e ti c s ------------------------------------------------------ __
M e n — __-_- __ _______ __ ______________ ___
W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------ —

627
339
288
405
182
223
222
157
65
209
148
1 ,5 9 5
1, 075
520
1 ,3 4 3
883
460
252
192
60

$ 2 .9 3
3.31
2 .4 8
2 .7 9
3 .2 0
2 .4 5
3 .1 9
3.4 5
2 .5 5
3.51
3 .9 2
3 .1 9
3.41
2.7 5
3.1 3
3.35
2.71
3 .5 3
3 .6 9
3.0 5

$ 2 .7 4
3.23
2.33
2.57
3.11
2.32
3.01
3.41
2.42
3.54
3.88
3.10
3.30
2.71
3.06
3.28
2.64
3.42
3.52
2.93

$ 2 .l6 - $ 3 .5 3
2 .5 5 - 3 .8 9
1.86— 2 .7 8
2 .1 1 - 3 .2 7
2 .5 0 — 3 .6 8
1.9 0 — 2 .6 7
2 .3 3 - 3 .8 3
2 .7 1 - 4 .1 0
1 .7 5 - 2 .9 5
2 .6 5 - 4 .4 0
3 .1 5 - 4 .7 3
2 .5 4 — 3 .7 0
2 .7 4 — 3 .8 9
2 .2 0 - 3 .2 0
2 .4 9 - 3 .6 5
2 .7 2 - 3 .8 7
2 .1 9 - 3 .1 5
2 .8 4 - 4 .1 0
2 .9 0 - 4 .3 3
2 .5 4 - 3 .5 8

149
129
20
36
35
113
94
19
14
14
501
462
39
369
337
32
132
125
7

$ 3 .6 4
3 .7 8
2 .7 6
3.5 7
3.61
3 .6 6
3 .8 4
2 .7 9
3 .1 3
3 .1 3
3.7 1
3.7 7
2 .9 0
3 .5 8
3 .6 6
2 .7 0
4 .0 7
4 .0 9
3 .8 0

$ 3 .5 3
3 .6 4
2 .6 8
3 .4 7
3 .4 7
3.6 2
3.6 7
2 .7 1
3.5 5
3.61
2.7 7
3 .4 2
3 .5 2
2.71
3.8 6
3.8 7
~

3, 149
134
3 ,0 1 5
2, 121
79
2, 042
646
60
586
1 ,7 0 9
82
1 ,6 2 7
728
704

2.41
2 .9 3
2.3 9
2 .1 6
2 .4 8
2.1 5
2.4 7
3.61
2 .3 5
2.51
3.6 9
2.4 5
2 .3 9
2.3 6

2.28
2.79
2.25
2.00
2.15
2.00
2.29
3.93
2.25
2.38
3.47
2.35
2.2 4
2.22

1 .9 3 2 .3 0 1 .9 1 1 .7 5 1 .7 5 1 .7 5 1 .9 4 2 .5 2 1.91—
2 .0 0 3 .0 8 2 .0 0 1 .9 5 1 .9 3 -

2 .7 5
3 .5 5
2 .7 3
2 .4 3
3 .1 2
2.4 1
2.7 7
4 .6 7
2 .6 6
2 .8 9
4 .1 9
2.81
2 .7 2
2 .6 5

1 ,0 4 7
10
1 ,0 3 7
537
495
152

2 .5 9
3 .0 4
2 .5 9
2 .0 8
2.11
2 .4 9

150
590
15
575
253
249

2 .4 9
2 .6 7
3.3 7
2 .6 5
2 .5 8
2 .5 7

2 .5 3
2 .5 2
1.93
1.98
2.3 5
2.3 5
2 .5 5
3 .1 2
2 .5 4
2 .3 9
2.3 5

2 .0 9 2 .0 9 1 .7 0 1 .7 0 2 .0 9 2 .0 9 2 .2 2 2 .6 3 2 .2 1 2 .0 0 2 .0 0 —

508
315
193

2.8 6
3 .1 2
2 .4 3

2.76
3.10
2.46

2 . 2 2 - 3.41
2 .5 0 - 3.6 5
1 .8 7 - 2.7 7

173
139
34

3.21
3 .3 3
2 .7 0

281
274

3 .1 2
2 .8 2

3.18
2.72

2 .3 9 - 3 .6 8
2 .2 8 - 3 .2 4

110
103

454
383

3.16
3.2 6

3.00
3.07

2 . 3 7 - 3.8 5
2 .5 7 - 3 .9 5

170
911

3 .2 3
3 .1 2

3.17
3.05

685
226
225
200

3 .0 8
3 .2 4
3 .1 4
3 .1 4

3.04
3.30
3.00
3.02

$ 2 .8 4 — 4 .4 2
$
3 .0 2 - 4 .4 8
2 .0 0 - 3 .2 9
2 .7 5 - 4 .2 3
2 .9 0 - 4 .2 6
2 .8 4 - 4 .4 7
3 .0 2 - 4 .6 3
2 .0 0 - 3 .2 9
3 .0 0 - 4 .2 5
3 .0 8 - 4 .3 3
2 .4 9 - 3 .1 2
2 .9 9 - 4 .0 1
3 .0 5 - 4 .1 0
2 .3 8 - 2.8 1
3 .3 7 - 4 .6 7
3 .3 7 - 4 .6 8
-

144
92
52
86
58
28
58
34
24
94
92
276
169
107
200
124
76
76
45
31

$ 3 .0 7
3 .5 0
2 .3 0
3 .2 3
3 .6 3
2.4 1
2 .8 2
3 .2 9
2 .1 6
4 .2 8
4 .3 3
3 .0 3
3 .2 0
2 .7 6
3 .0 8
3.3 1
2 .7 0
2 .9 0
2 .9 0
2 .9 0

$ 2 .9 5
3.2 8
2 .0 6
3 .1 3
3.5 0
2.31
2 .7 7
3.2 5
1.80
4 .4 1
4 .4 2
2 .8 8
3 .1 7
2 .7 3
2 .9 0
3.2 5
2 .6 0
2 .8 8
2 .9 9
2.8 7

2 .9 7
2 .9 7
2.31

2 .4 6
3 .4 6
2 .3 9
2 .3 0
3 .4 4
2.2 1
2.9 1
3 .9 2
2.3 7
2 .6 5
3 .8 6
2 .3 9
2 .4 5
2 .3 9

2 .3 0
3.67
2 .2 8
2 .1 0
3.1 6
2 .0 5
2.55
4 .2 2
2 .2 6
2.51
3.4 7
2 .4 0
2 .2 8
2.2 5

1 .9 4 2 .3 0 1 .9 1 1 .7 7 3 .0 7 1 .7 5 2 .0 6 2 .7 3 1 .8 5 2 .0 1 3 .3 5 1 .9 1 2 .0 2 2 .0 0 -

2 .7 6
4 .6 3
2.71
2 .65
3 .90
2 .5 2
3 .9 3
4 .7 7
2 .6 5
3 .05
4 .4 4
2.75
2 .79
2 .7 3

241
_
234
182
_
182
64
_
62
164
_
164
90
90

2 .05
_
2 .06
1.99

1.92
_
1.93
1.94

1 .6 0 _
1 .6 0 1.68—

2 .3 4
2 .8 2
2 .8 2
3 .0 3
3 .6 5
3.01
3 .1 2
3 .1 2

534
36
498
437
30
407
131
46
85
276
49
227
153
141

1.99
2 .1 3
_
2 .1 4
2 .09
_
2 .09
2 .0 0
2 .00

1.94
2.07
_
2.07
2.02
_
2.02
1.92
1.92

1.68—
1 .8 0 _
1 .8 0 1.60—
_
1.60—
1 .6 6 1 .6 b -

3 .1 8
3.2 8
2 .5 8

2 .6 2 - 3 .6 6
2 .7 6 - 3.81
2 .0 2 - 3 .4 2

93
71
22

2 .8 2
2 .8 5
2 .7 2

2 .8 9
2 .9 6
2.6 5

2 .4 5 - 3.21
2 .3 3 - 3 .23
2 .4 6 - 3 .1 8

42
_
34

2 .1 3
_
2 .16

1.91

1 .7 0 - 2.35

1.89

1 .7 0 - 2 .44

3 .4 6
2 .9 0

3.3 2
2 .8 0

2 .9 4 — 3 .8 7
2 .4 0 — 3 .2 3

21
48

3 .7 0
2.6 1

3 .6 2
2.51

3 .2 8 - 4 .2 1
2 .2 4 - 3 .05

41
15

2.57
2 .4 2

2.35
2.35

2 .0 3 - 3 .18
1 .9 6 - 2 .82

148
147

3 .7 0
3 .7 0

3.7 6
3 .7 4

3 .0 6 - 4 .2 3
3 .0 6 - 4 .2 4

45

2.7 1

2 .7 3

_
_
2 .0 5 - 3 .1 4

31
15

2.25
2.31

2.22
2 .4 4

1 .8 5 - 2 .44
1 .6 0 - 2.91

2 .4 8 - 3.7 7
2 .4 9 - 3.71

59
277

3.4 0
3 .6 5

3.3 8
3.6 9

2.74r- 3 .8 9
3 .0 8 - 4 .1 0

80
146

3 .1 0
2 .8 3

2 .8 9
2 .8 0

2 .2 5 - 3 .7 3
2 .1 1 - 3 .3 8

_
83

_
2.49

2.39

2 .0 0 - 2.98

2 .4 8 2 .5 5 2 .5 5 2 .4 9 -

167
110
52
51

3 .5 4
3.8 1
3.3 5
3.3 6

3.61
3.7 9
3.1 0
3.1 2

3 .0 9 3 .0 8 2 .7 9 2 .7 9 -

3 .9 8
4 .3 1
3 .7 9
3 .8 0

58
88
100
80

2 .9 3
2 .7 6
3 .2 9
3 .2 5

3.0 0
2.6 7
3 .0 4
3.06

2 .4 1 2 .0 7 2 .8 2 2 .7 1 -

69
14

2 .5 8
2 .06

2 .4 4

2 .0 7 - 3.05

$2.3 1 — 3 .7 4
$
2 . 7 8 - 4 .1 0
1 .7 5 - 2 .4 9
2 .3 5 - 3.91
2 .9 5 - 4 .6 8
1 .9 5 - 2 .4 9
1 .9 1 - 3 .4 8
2 .7 5 - 3 .8 8
1 .7 5 - 2 .5 0
3 .7 2 - 4 .9 7
3 .7 2 - 4 .9 8
2 . 2 8 - 3 .5 7
2 .3 8 - 3.75
2 . 1 4 - 3.17
2 . 2 3 - 3 .6 8
2 . 4 8 - 3.91
2 . 1 3 - 3 .16
2 . 3 2 - 3 .4 2
2 .3 6 - 3 .4 2
2 .3 2 - 3 .29

47
12
35
39
_
33
_
_
_
_
_
157
_
86
157
_
86
_
_
-

1 .6 5 _
_
_
_
_
1 .9 4 _
1 .9 2 1 .9 4 -

2.43
_
_
_
_
_
2 .7 0
2.56
2.70

1 .9 2 - 2.56
_

_

-

-

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s -------------------------------------------------- ___
M e n — -------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------- ------------- __
P a s t e r s , b a c k e r s , o r f i t t e r s , u p p e r , h a n d __ __
M e n — _______________ _________ ______
W o m e n --------------------------------------------- -----S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r l in i n g s --------------- __
M e n ______________ _______________ ________ __
W om en
T o p s t i t c h e r s — ____ ________________- ______ -____ __
M e n _____________________________ __ ____
W o m e n __ ____ ___ __ ___ __ ___________ _______
V a m p e r s ________________________________________ __
W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------

_

-

-

-

2.31
_
2 .3 4
2.20
_
2 .20
2.37
_
2.37
2.43
_
2.43
2.27
2.27

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h i n e ----------------- ___
M e n _________ _______ ______________________
W o m e n _____ ___________________ _____________
B e d -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs
(266 m e n , 15 w o m e n ) ________________________ __
H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s (241 m e n , 33 w o m e n )---------P u l li n g a n d l a s ti n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(4 3 0 m e n , 24 w o m e n ) 3 _ ------- ----- — —
T o e to b a l l (3 6 2 m e n , 21 w o m e n )---------------P u llo v e r-m a c h in e o p e ra to rs
(161 m e n , 9 w o m e n )______ __ ____________ _
,
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e (8 6 3 m e n , 48 w o m e n )—
S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t in g
(6 5 8 m e n , 27 w o m e n ) _____________________
C e m e n t l a s t in g (2 0 5 m e n , 21 w o m e n ) _____
T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i a u t o m a t i c -----M en

_

_

3.6 6
3 .9 4
3 .6 3
3 .6 3

3 .2 8
3.41
3 .6 3
3 .6 3

_

“
'

S ee f o o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




_

_

_

_

_
_

“

“

_
_

T a b le 2 0 . O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-p rocess (conventional-lasted) sh o e s— all e stab lish m en ts--- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p atio n s* U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g io n s * M a r c h 1971)
U n ite d S ta te s 2
D e p a r tm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

N ew E n g la n d

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M e an M e d ia n M id d le ra n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M id d le A tla n tic

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

$ 2 .3 7
2 .3 9
2 .9 9
2.9 7
2.91
2.91
3 .0 2
3.0 6
2 .8 3
3 .1 3
3.2 8
3.3 0
2.27
2.31
2 .2 0
3.31
3.3 6
2 .8 9

_
_
$ 2 .9 0
2 .8 6
2 .9 8
3.0 5
2 .8 5
3.5 5
2.21
2 .2 0
2 .2 5
3.26
3.2 9
2.6 8

M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

B o r d e r S ta te s
N um ber

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n M id d le r a n g e

w o rk e rs

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s — C o n tin u e d
B o tto m a n d m a k in g
B o tto m f i l l e r s _____ ___________________________
M e n -------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ___________________________________
E d g e t r i m m e r s ----------------------------------------------------M e n ________________________________________
W o m e n --------------------------------------------------------G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s ---------------------------------------------M e n ------------------------ ----------------------------------H e e l a tt a c h e r s * m a c h i n e -------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------- ------W o m e n ______ _________ _______ _______ ___ __
L i tt le w a y s t i c h e r s (35 m e n , 2 w o m e n )--------------R o u g h r o u n d e r s ----------------------- -----------------------M e n —__________ ________ ___________ _____
W o m e n ____________________________________
S h a n k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ________________ - ______ ______ __ ____
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s ------------------------M e n _____________________________ ________ __
W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------

94
16
78
227
187
40
28
25
325
257
68
37
201
151
50
361
229
132
825
614
211

$ 2 .3 5
2.7 6
2.2 6
2.9 8
3 .0 4
2.6 7
2 .8 8
2.96
2.8 2
2.9 2
2.4 3
2.9 8
2.89
2.98
2 .6 3
2.35
2.47
2.16
2.8 8
3.05
2.41

$ 2 .0 3
2.41
2.01
2.7 5
2 .8 4
2.4 5
3.00
3.00
2.67
2 .8 0
2.21
2 .8 2
2.7 6
2.8 9
2 .6 9
2.21
2.3 0
2 .0 4
2.7 6
2 .9 3
2.1 9

$ 1 .82— 2 .7 3
$
2 .0 0 - 3.27
1 .7 7 - 2.65
2 .2 3 - 3.6 6
2 .2 5 - 3.6 7
2 .1 9 - 3.1 2
2 .6 7 - 3.26
2 .8 4 - 3.40
2.16— 3.35
2 .2 5 - 3.45
1 .8 9 - 2 .8 8
2 .4 1 - 3 .2 9
2 .3 1 - 3.4 3
2.34r- 3.6 0
2 .2 9 - 2.9 5
1 .9 3 - 2.6 3
1 .9 8 - 2.76
1 .8 7 - 2.4 0
2 .2 5 - 3.4 2
2 .4 5 - 3.56
1 .9 1 - 2.77

11
9
44
43
9
9
98
83
15
14
17
14
125
82
43
309
275
34

_
_
_
$ 2 .3 8 — 3 .4 1
$
2 .3 5 - 3 .3 9
.
.
2 .3 4 — 3 .5 5
2 .5 0 — 3 .5 3
2 .1 7 - 3 .5 3
2 .8 9 - 3 .6 6
1 .9 0 - 2 .5 2
1 .9 5 - 2 .5 7
1 .8 8 - 2 .4 6
2 .6 8 - 3 .8 8
2 .7 2 - 3.91
2 .5 0 - 3 .3 0

30
10
20
59
50
9
.
96
74
22
59
48
11
100
60
40
174
114
60

$ 2 .3 5
3.11
1.97
3 .2 9
3 .3 4
3.0 0
_
2 .8 9
3.0 5
2 .3 6
3 .0 6
3.27
2 .1 7
2.51
2 .7 9
2 .1 0
2 .7 8
2 .8 6
2 .6 2

W o m e n ------------- ------ -------------------------- __
T r e e r s _____ _____________ _______ _________ ____ ____
M e n ____________ ___ ________________________
W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------

$ 1 .6 4 -$ 2 .5 8
_
1 .6 2 - 2 .1 3
2 .4 1 - 3.87
2 .5 9 - 3.96
.
_
.
2 .1 9 - 3 .45
2 . 5 2 - 3 .5 8
1 .8 6 - 2 .8 9
2 .0 5 - 3.95
2 .1 8 - 4 .0 8
_
1 .9 7 - 2 .8 3
2 . 0 0 - 3 .1 9
1.90— 2 .1 8
2 .1 7 - 3 .26
2 . 3 2 - 3 .2 8
1 .9 9 - 3 .2 4

12
_
12
20
20
_
_
_
15
9
6
14
8
.
19
9
50
29
21

$ 2 .3 3
_
2 .3 3
2 .48
2 .48
_
_
_
2 .1 2
2.37
1.74
2.57
2 .50
_
2 .1 2
2 .0 3
2 .1 4
2 .28
1.94

_
_
_
$ 2 .3 1
2.31
_
_
2.01
_
_
.
_
2.01
_
_
2 .1 3
2.25
1.72

_

_
_
_
_
_
$ 1 .9 2 —
$3.01
1 .9 2 - 3.01
_
_
_
_
_
1 .6 0 - 2.60
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
1 .6 7 - 2.30
_
_
_
1.71— 2.36
1 .9 6 - 2 .59
1.60— 2 .19

*

F i n is h i n g
B o tto m s c o u r e r s -------------------------------------------------M e n __ _____________ ___ _____ ______________
W o m e n --------------------------------------------------------E d g e s e t t e r s ________ ______ ______________________
M e n __ _________________ ____________________
R e p a i r e r s --------------------------------------------------------------

$ 1 .9 9
_
1.81
2.8 5
2 .8 5
_
_
2 .8 4
2 .9 8
2 .2 4
2.7 6
3.0 9
_
2 .1 8
2.6 1
1.99
2 .6 3
2 .7 7
2.6 1

93
62
31
64
55
1,, 101
83
1,, 018
908
182
726

2.87
2.91
2 .7 9
3.25
3.39
2 .4 0
3.37
2 .3 2
2 .5 0
2 .9 4
2.3 9

2.8 5
2 .8 8
2.6 2
3.03
3.3 2
2 .1 0
2.65
2.0 6
2.35
2.71
2.2 3

2 .1 4 - 3 .4 8
2 .1 7 - 3.4 9
1 .9 9 - 3.36
2 .5 6 - 3.71
2 .7 2 - 4 .1 6
1 .9 0 - 2.61
2 .2 8 — 4 .0 7
1.88— 2.5 0
1.96— 2 .8 8
2 .4 2 - 3 .3 4
1 .9 3 - 2.7 5

7
7
11
11
422

2 .7 3
2 .7 3
3.0 9
3.0 9
2.0 5

_
1.95

_
_
_
1 .8 2 - 2 .1 3

416
129
111
18

2 .0 5
3.01
3.0 5
2 .7 8

1.95
2 .8 2
2 .8 9
2.6 7

1 .8 2 2 .5 3 2 .5 6 —
1 .9 1 -

1,,0 9 4
300
794
857
138
719
297
285
250

2 .1 0
2 .0 4
2 .1 2
2 .1 8
2 .3 8
2 .1 4
2.0 0
2 .0 0
3.03

2.0 5
1.98
2.1 0
2.1 0
2 .3 0
2.0 7
1.92
1.92
2 .9 4

1 .9 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 3 1 .8 7 2 .0 0 1 .8 5 1 .8 0 1 .8 0 2 .5 8 -

2.2 5
2.1 9
2.2 5
2.3 6
2.6 5
2 .3 3
2.1 5
2.11
3.2 8

397
132
265
187
46
141
82
81
36

2.01
1.99
2 .0 2
1.97
2 .2 8
1.87
1.85
1.85
3.2 0

2 .0 0
2 .0 0
2 .0 0
1.90
2 .3 0
1.80
1.80
1.80
3.0 9

1 .8 4 1 .8 0 1 .8 5 1 .7 5 2 .0 0 1 .7 0 1 .7 5 1 .7 5 2 .5 9 -

501
494
407
43

2.2 3
2 .2 2
2.17
2.45

2.1 8
2.17
2 .1 0
2 .4 0

2 .0 0 2 .0 0 1 .9 0 2 .1 3 -

2 .4 4
2 .4 2
2 .3 8
2.6 3

139
139
232
12

2 .0 8
2 .0 8
2 .0 6
2 .5 9

2 .0 0
2 .0 0
2 .0 3

_

_

3 .1 8
3 .4 2
2 .6 5
4 .2 8
4 .5 4
2 .5 2
3 .6 3
2I 09
2 .2 2
_
2 .1 6

3.27
3.5 9
_
4 .8 1
_
2 .1 4
2 .8 2
1.97
2 .0 8
_
2 .0 6

2 . 2 9 - 3 .7 8
2 . 9 0 - 3.91
_
3 .6 8 - 4 .9 2
_
1 .8 6 - 2 .51
2 .3 3 — 4 .4 9
1 .8 5 - 2!20
1 .7 8 - 2 .5 0
1 .7 5 - 2 .46

_
.
_
_
_
60

_
.
_
_
_
2 .5 5

_
_
_
_
_
2 .0 8

2 .1 2
3 .3 9
3 .3 8
3.81

32
22
10
15
13
239
67
172
155
149

60
86
_
64

2 .55
2.26
_
2 .1 8

2 .0 8
2 .1 8
_
2 .1 3

1 .7 9 - 3.46
1 .8 5 - 2.66

2 .1 5
2.1 1
2.1 5
2 .0 8
2 .5 2
2 .0 0
1.95
1.95
3 .7 5

355
109
246
173
36
137
83
82
68

2 .1 8
2.0 7
2 .2 3
2 .1 3
2 .6 0
2.01
2 .1 1
2.1 1
3.21

2.0 7
1.95
2 .1 0
2 .0 0
2 .5 8
1.9 4
2 .0 0
2 .0 0
2 .9 3

1 .9 0 1 .8 5 1 .9 5 1 .8 0 1 .9 5 1 .8 0 1 .8 5 1 .8 5 2 .5 8 -

2 .3 0
2 .1 5
2 .3 3
2 .26
3 .16
2 .15
2 .1 0
2 .1 0
3 .5 2

65
.
60
90
84
24
24
23

2 .0 2
_
2.01
2 .1 4
_
2.11
1 .90
1.90
2 .4 3

2 .0 4
_
2 .0 3
2.07
.
2 .0 4
1.88
1.88
2 .3 8

1 .9 0 _
1 .9 0 1 .8 9 1 .8 8 1 .8 8 1 .8 8 2 .2 2 -

1 .8 4 - 2 .2 5
1 .8 4 - 2 .2 5
1 .8 5 - 2 .2 0

188
181
81
8

2 .2 5
2 .2 3
2 .3 3
2 .4 8

2 .1 5
2 .1 5
2.17

2 .0 0 - 2 .4 0
2 .0 0 - 2 .3 8
1 .9 0 - 2 .5 0

30
30
_

2 .1 2
2 .1 2
.

2 .1 2
2 .1 2
_

2 .0 1 - 2.25
2 .0 5 - 2.25
_
_

_
_
_
_
1.79—

_
_
_
_
3.46

1 .7 4 - 2.63

M is c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r b o y s ( o r g i r l s ) — ------------ -------- _
M e n -------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ________________ ___ _________________
I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) ---------------— ---------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n _________________________ ___ _____
______ _______________________ __
,T a r |i t f t r s
M e n -------------------------------------------------------------M e c h a n i c s , m a in te n a n c e ( a l l m e n ) ---------------------

2 .1 4
_
2 .1 4
2.40
2 .2 2
1.93
1.93
2.57

O ffic e jo b s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l --------------------------------------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ( a l l w o m e n ) ------------------------------S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ( a l l w o m e n )-------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




T a b le 20. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem en t-p ro cess (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — all estab lish m en ts----Continued
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
S o u th w e s t
D e p a r tm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

G re a t L akes
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

M ean

$ 2 .0 6 — 2 .8 5
$
1 .8 3 - 2 .2 9
2 .0 8 - 2.8 5
2 . 4 2 - 3 .7 2
3 .1 7 - 3 .8 8
1 .6 0 - 3.15
2 .3 7 - 3 .7 2
3 .1 7 - 3 .8 8
1 .6 0 - 3 .1 4
“
"

92
83
85
77
267
126
247
115
20
“

$ 2 .4 3
2 .4 6
2 .3 6
2 .3 8
3.0 6
2 .8 7
3.0 6
2 .8 7
3.07
"

$ 2 .2 5
2.2 5
2 .2 3
2 .2 4
3.0 2
2 .8 2
3.02
2.81
3.0 6
"

397
397
395
395
89
89
227
227
77

2 .3 8
2 .3 8
2 .1 9
2 .1 9
2.31
2.3 1
2 .4 2
2 .4 2
2 .2 6

2 .2 6
2.2 6
2 .0 0
2 .0 0
2 .2 3
2 .2 3
2 .3 2
2 .3 2
2 .1 0

H o u r ly e a r n in g s 1

M id d le W e st

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

M ean

$ 1 .8 6 — 2 .8 2
$
1 .8 9 - 2 .9 2
1 .8 5 - 2.6 1
1 .8 6 - 2 .5 8
2 .5 6 - 3.3 6
2 .5 1 - 3 .2 8
2 .5 5 - 3 .3 6
2 .5 1 - 3 .2 8
2.74r- 3 .5 0
"
“

108
41
67
88
30
58
20
9
43
22
165
70
95
151
64
87
14
8

$ 2 .71
2 .6 0
2 .7 7
2.7 7
2 .8 0
2 .7 6
2 .4 4
2 .8 7
3 .3 3
3.4 0
3.1 6
3.35
3 .0 3
3 .1 8
3.37
3 .0 3
3 .0 2
2 .9 4

$ 2 .6 2
2.6 6
2 .6 2
2.6 7
2.7 7
2 .5 9
2 .1 4
.
3 .5 4
3.4 2
3.15
3.3 0
3 .0 4
3.1 5
3.3 0
3.07
"

1.8 4 — 2 .6 9
1 .8 4 - 2 .6 9
1 .7 5 - 2 .5 5
1 .7 5 - 2.5 5
1 .9 0 - 2 .6 8
1 .9 0 - 2 .6 8
2 .0 5 - 2 .7 2
2 .0 5 - 2 .7 2
1 .8 5 - 2 .5 3

293
293
228
221
94
94
240
240
64

2 .3 6
2 .3 6
2 .3 2
2.31
2 .2 9
2 .2 9
2.41
2.4 1
2 .2 3

2 .2 7
2.27
2 .1 5
2 .1 6
2 .1 4
2 .1 4
2 .1 9
2 .1 9
2.1 6
2.1 5

1 .8 5 - 2.40

2.7 6
_
2 .6 3
2 .7 4
3.1 5
3.1 5

2 . 3 0 - 3 .3 4
_
2 .1 4 — 2.77
2 .3 4 — 3 .3 8
2 .5 0 - 4 .4 3
2 .5 0 - 4 .4 3

3.0 7
3.07
_

2 . 5 1 - 3 .6 4
2 .5 5 - 3.65

M e an

M e d ia n

$ 2 .45
2.1 9
2.4 7
2 .2 0
3.1 0
3.4 8
2 .4 8
3.09
3.4 8
2 .4 2
“

$ 2 .3 2
2.0 8
2.3 5
3.26
3.5 3
2 .2 8
3.2 8
3.5 3
2.27
-

180
180
107
107
44
44
88
88
32
32

2 .0 8
2.0 8
2.1 7
2.1 7
2 .3 8
2.3 8
2.27
2.2 7
2 .2 3
2 .2 3

1.95
1.95
2.07
2.07
2.3 5
2.35
2.1 9
2.1 9
2.2 0
2.2 0

1 .7 3 - 2 .2 6
1 .7 3 - 2 .2 6
1 .8 0 - 2 .4 3
1 .8 0 - 2 .4 3
1 .8 4 — 2 .8 0
1 .8 4 — 2 .8 0
1 .8 6 - 2 .4 7
1 .8 6 - 2 .4 7
1 .8 2 - 2.6 5
1 .8 2 - 2.6 5

77

2 .2 6

2 .1 0

1 .8 5 - 2 .5 3

31
21
10
16
9
9
14
47
43
21
19

2 .6 6
2.86
2.2 6
2.5 5
3 .7 4
3 .7 4
3.1 8
3.02
3 .0 4
1.95
1.95

2.55
2.7 3
2 .6 2
-

2 .4 1 - 2 .9 8
2 .4 8 - 3.51
2 .2 2 - 2.9 9
2 .7 0 - 3.4 2
2 .8 3 - 3 .4 2
1 .6 5 - 2 .2 3
1.65— 2 .2 5

53
22
33
53
35

3.05
2 .6 9
2 .7 8
3.47
3.3 3
3.4 7
3.4 8
_

2 .9 2
_
2 .6 6
2.6 9
3 .1 3
3.07
_
3.4 0
3.4 0

2 .6 2 _
2 .5 3 2 .0 1 2 .8 1 2.82—
.
2.94r2.94r-

M id d le r a n g e

P a c if ic

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M e d ia n M id d le r a n g e

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M e d ia n M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

H o u r ly e a r n in g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

12
11
_
_
_
_
_
13
13
51
48
_
49
47
_
_
-

$ 3 .0 3
3 .16
_
_
_
_
_
3 .4 4
3 .4 4
3.42
3 .4 4
_
3 .3 9
3.42
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
$3.28
3.40
_
3.28
3.28
_
_

-

-

89
69
20
70
70
22
10
12
23
12
11
12
7
-

2 .7 7
2 .8 2
2.61
2 .1 2
2 .1 2
2 .7 2
2.85
2.61
3.11
3.26
2.95
2 .75
2 .96

2.69
2.82
2.33
1.95
1.95
2.71
_
_
2.96
_
_
_

M id d le r a n g e

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h i n e ________________________
M e n ________________________________________
W o m e n _____________________________________
L e a t h e r _______________________________________
M e n ________________________________________
W o m e n ____________________________ - ________
S y n t h e ti c s _____________________________________
W o m e n ___-_________________________________
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , h a n d __________
M e n ________________________________________
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e ----------M e n ----------------------- ---------- ------- -----------W o m e n ------------------------ ------------------------- —
L e a t h e r _______________________________________
M e n ________________________________________
W o m e n _____________ ________________ ____ ___
S y n t h e ti c s _____________________________________
W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------

27
18
22
14
65
40
25
63
40
23
-

$ 2 .1 2 -$ 3 .0 8
2 .1 2 - 3.07
2 .1 4 - 3 .1 2
2 .2 3 - 3 .1 3
2 . 5 1 - 3 .1 4
2 .1 7 - 2 .9 8
1 .8 7 - 2.87
_
2 .7 6 - 3 .7 7
2 .7 5 - 4 .01
2 .6 1 - 3.65
2 . 7 7 - 3 .8 8
2 .4 9 - 3 .57
2 .6 1 - 3 .67
2 .7 7 - 3 .90
2 .4 9 - 3.57
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
$ 2 .9 3 — 4 .0 2
$
2 .9 5 - 4 .0 2
2 .8 8 - 4 .0 2
2 .9 3 - 4 .0 2
_
_
-

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s — ~ __ ______________________
M e n ________________________________________
W o m e n _________________________________ __
P a s t e r s , b a c k e r s , o r f i t t e r s , u p p e r , h a n d -----W o m e n _____________________________________
S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r l i n i n g s ---------------M e n ________________________ _______________
W o m e n --------------------------------------------------------T op s t i t c h e r s ---------- — — ------1------------------------M e n _______ _______________________________
W o m e n ____________________________________ _
V a m p e r s __________________________________________
M e n ____________ ____________ _____________
W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

63

2 .2 2

72
_
45
34
74
74
9
127
126

2 .8 8
_
2 .5 4
2.8 5
3.4 5
3.4 5
3 .5 2
3.0 8
3 .0 9
_

1 .9 0 1 .9 0 1 .9 0 1 .9 0 1 .8 8 1 .8 8 1 .8 3 _
1 .8 3 1 .8 5 -

2 .7 4
2 .7 4
2 .6 3
2 .6 3
2 .59
2 .5 9
2 .8 3
2 .8 3
2.46

-

2 .3 0 2 .3 0 2 .2 5 1 .8 5 1 .8 5 2 .4 1 _
_
2 .7 7 _

_

_

-

-

_

.

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h i n e -------------------M e n ________________________________ ______
W o m e n _____________ ______________ ___ ______
H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s ________________________________
P u llin g a n d l a s t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _________
T o e to b a l l ----------------------------------------------------P u l l o v e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ____________________
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e ___________________________
S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t i n g ----------------- ----- ----T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i a u t o m a t i c _____
M e n _ ------- -------------------- __ ____ ____

-

2 .9 4
2 .9 4
1.88
1.88

-

116
115
_

_

_

3.5 9
_
2 .8 5
3 .3 2
4 .2 1
3.77
_
4 .0 5
4 .0 5

_

_

“
‘

S e e f o o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le ,




_

'

_
“

_
_
«
14
_

_
_
10
_
12
12

_

_

_
3 .10

_
_
3 .07
3.48
3.48

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

_

3.07
3.16
2.73
2.15
2.15
2.96
3.35

T a b le 20. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-p rocess (conventional-lasted) sh o e s— all estab lishm ents— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s . U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s . M a r c h 1971)
S o u th w e st
D e p a r tm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

G reat L akes

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M e a n M e d ia n M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M id d le W e st

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

P a c if i c

M ean

9
7
22
16
6
34
23
11
28
14
14
73
63
10

$ 2 .0 1
1.91
3 .1 4
2 .9 2
3 .7 2
2.31
2 .2 9
2.3 5
2.4 1
2 .4 6
2 .3 5
2 .8 2
2 .8 3
2 .7 6

_
$ 3 .1 3
2.91
2.21
2 .2 3
2.41
2.81
2 .8 3
-

_
103
102
138
131

2 .9 4
2 .9 4
2 .7 3
2 .7 0

2 .9 3
2 .9 5
2.7 7
2.7 7

2 .3 4 2 .3 4 2 .2 6 2 .2 6 -

69

M e a n M e d ia n M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

2 .1 8

2 .1 5
2 .1 2
2 .1 8
2.1 5
2 .1 5
2.15
2 .9 2

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M e d ia n M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M e a n M e d ia n

M id d le ra n g e

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s — C o n tin u e d
B o tto m a n d m a k in g
B o tto m f i l l e r s ____- ___________________ __________
W o m e n -_______ __ __ ________ ______ _____
E d g e t r i m m e r s _______________ ______ ________
M e n __ __ __ __ ____ _________________
W o m e n ________ _______________________
H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e ---------------- ----- ----------M e n ______ ________________ ___ _________ _
W o m e n ________ ____ _________ __ ______ _ _
_
R o u g h r o u n d e r s ----------------------------------------------------S h a n k e r 8 ________________________ _________ _
M e n ------------- ------ ----- ----- — ---------------W o m e n ____ _____________ ____ _____ __ ______
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s -------------------------M e n ___ ________ ___ ________ ____ ___ _______ _
W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------

_
_
_
$ 2 .1 2 -$ 3 .7 1
1 .9 1 - 2 .5 4
1 .8 2 - 2 .9 2
2 .1 5 - 3.1 0
-

_
9
9
.
17
14
19
14
5
45
34
11

_
$ 3 .2 7
3.27
_
3.0 0
3.2 5
_
2 .2 9
2 .4 4
1.87
2.3 5
2 .5 3
1.81

_
.
_
$ 3 .2 8
2 .0 3
2.1 7
2 .3 8

78
78
84
82

_
2.1 1
2.11
2.4 5
2 .4 6

_
2.0 0
2.00
2.35
2.3 6

1 .9 3 1 .9 3 2 .1 3 2 .1 6 -

61
24
37
59
7
52
18
17
1
35

1.97
2 .0 3
1.93
2 .0 6
1.97
2 .0 7
1 .8 4
1.86
1.60
2 .6 5

1.92
1.92
1.92
2.00
2.0 0
1.86
1.92
_
2.61

1 .7 5 1 .7 5 1 .6 5 1 .8 1 1 .8 1 1 .8 0 1 .8 0 2 .4 7 -

3.0 2

160
11
149
31
24
7
31

19
19
19
6

2 .2 2
2 .2 2
1.95
1.90

2.49
2.4 9
2.00
”

1 .7 3 - 2.51
1 .7 3 - 2.51
1 .7 2 - 2.07
“

16
“

20
20
47
36
11
31
22
28
31
27
75
42
33

$ 2 .4 5
2 .4 5
2 .9 3
3.1 5
2 .2 3
3.1 6
3 .3 4
3 .1 8
2 .5 6
2 .6 3
_
2 .9 9
3 .2 6
2 .6 4

$ 2 .3 7
2.3 7
2 .7 5
3.01
3 .1 0
3.1 2
3.2 8
2 .5 6
2.6 1
_
2 .9 4
3.37
2.41

9
8
11
11
92
92
161
130

2 .8 2
2 .8 9
3.2 2
3 .2 2
3.0 6
3.0 6
2 .7 5
2 .1 6

_
3.0 3
3 .0 3
2 .6 4
2 .6 2

_
2 .4 7 2 .4 7 2 .1 4 2 .1 3 —

_
-

_

-

2.3 5
2 .3 4
2 .2 0
2 .2 2

_
2 .2 4 —
2.2 4 r2 .0 2 2 .0 8 —

$ 1 .9 0 — 2 .8 3
$
1 .9 0 - 2 .8 3
2 .1 1 - 3 .6 6
2 .4 4 - 3.81
2 .7 0 - 3.61
2 . 9 1 - 3 .8 9
2 . 7 8 - 3 .6 8
2 . 3 1 - 2 .7 4
2 .3 5 - 2.7 6
2 .4 1 - 3.4 6
2 . 8 5 - 3 .5 9
2 . 1 5 - 3 .2 9

_
$ 2 .3 8 — 3 .9 6
$
2 .2 5 - 3.50
_
1 .9 3 - 2 .59
1 .8 4 - 2 .5 8
2 .1 5 - 2.66
2 .4 0 - 3.23
2 .6 1 - 3.25
-

_
9
7
_
10
10
8
6
16
15
-

$ 2 .3 8
2.31
3 .10
3 .10
2 .4 3
2.21
3 .02
3 .0 4
-

_
$ 2 .9 7
3 .03
-

_
_
_
$ 2 .5 4 —
$3.5 0
2 .5 3 - 3.50
-

_
3.37
3 .3 8
3.11
3.07

42
39
-

2 .22
2.25
_
-

2.11
2.15
-

_
2 .0 1 - 2.37
2 .0 4 - 2.40
-

2 .1 1 - 2 .29

12

2 .03

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2 .29
2.40
2.31
2 .19
2 .1 9
2 .8 2 - 3 .10

7
9
9
-

2 .13
2 .08
2 .0 8
-

-

_
“

-

2 .0 7 - 2.36
2 .0 7 - 2.36
2 .2 0 - 2 .4 4
“
~

_

-

_

-

_

11
~

2.71
”

-

“

“

F in is h i n g
B o tto m s c o u r e r s ---------------------------------------------------M e n _____ ___ _______________________________
E d g e s e t t e r s ___________ ______ ___________________
M e n — ----------------------------------- ---------- ----R e p a i r e r s _________________________
- --------------W o m e n ______________ — ------------ - ----------rpr «.»r p
.
W o m e n ____________________________ _______

2 .0 4
2 .0 4
2.6 8
2 .7 3

3 .6 3
3 .6 3
3 .1 6
3 .1 7

M is c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r b o y s ( o r g i r l s ) -------------------------------------------M en
------ ------- —
----- ----------------- _
W o m e n ___________ ________ ___ _______ _____
I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) ----- -----------—
— _____
M en
____ ____
.
W o m e n ___________ — ----------- ---------------J a n ito rs
.,
..
M en
___
W om en
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ( a l l m e n ) ----------------- _

2.2 2
2.2 9
2.1 2
2.1 7
2.1 7
1.92
1.92

_
-

2 .4 4
2 .4 2
2 .4 4
2 .1 7
2.21
2 .0 2
3.1 6

-

-

3.0 8

-

-

2 .6 9
2 .3 4
2 .3 4

60
105
14
91
41
39

3 .0 8 - 3.4 1

35

2 .1 6
2 .2 9
2.5 1
2.2 6
2.0 5
2 .0 6
2 .9 4

32
32
19
7

2 .2 3
2 .2 3
2 .2 9
2 .3 9

2 .6 9

-

-

-

-

2 .0 9 2 .1 3 2 .1 1 1 .9 3 1 .9 5 -

_

O ffic e jo b s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ---------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ( a l l w o m e n )-------------------------------S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ( a l l w o m e n ) ------------------1 E x c lu d e s p re m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e
a n d m id d le r a n g e s a r e n o t p r o v id e d f o r jo b s
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n
3 I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in
N O TE :

_

a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
w ith f e w e r th a n 15 w o r k e r s in a r e g io n .
to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a te l y .
a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .

D a s h e s in d ic a te no d a ta r e p o r te d o r d a ta th at do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .




-

2 .3 9
“

_

2.41
~

-

2 . 2 6 - 2.51
"

2.2 5
2 .2 5
2 .2 5

“

S ee a p p e n d ix A f o r m e th o d u s e d to c o m p u te m e a n s , m e d i a n s , a n d m id d le r a n g e s o f e a r n i n g s .

M e an s

T a b le 21. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem en t-p rocess (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — by size of com m unity
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
U n ited S ta te s 1
S ex, d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s

N ew E n g la n d

N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s

M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

188
123
463
328
135

$ 3.5 3
4.0 7
3.5 4
3.51
3.61

151
25
612
555
57

$ 3 .0 4
3.1 9
3.31
3.2 6
3 .8 8

207

142
116
99

3.22
3.62
2.95

173
150
142

103
77
289
131
158
111

3.31
3.51
3.4 4
3.38
3.49
3.4 4

108
132
74
123
279

M id d le A tla n tic

N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s

M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

81

$ 3 .7 1
3 .1 9
3.76
3.5 9
4 .0 0

52
255
217
38

$ 3 .8 8
3.78
3.7 0
4 .2 8

80
92
152
108
44

$3.61
4 .3 3
3 .30
3.45
2 .9 2

3 .0 4
2 .7 9
2 .8 0

63
82
46

3.5 3
3.6 6
3.11

76
28
48

3.17

60

2 .86

20

2 .8 7
3 .70

2 .7 8

34

2 .6 8

259
84
57 4
527
47
89

3.31
2 .9 9
2 .9 9
3.01
2 .7 8
2 .7 7

52
24
147
65
82
24

3 .8 0
3.6 6
3.91
3 .7 4
4 .0 5
3.8 7

95
35
129

3 .2 4
3.11
3.22
2.59
3 .2 4

79
125
77
106
335

2 .7 7
2 .7 2
2 .7 6
2 .3 3

25
54
7
51
150

3.01
3.21
3.25
2 .3 8
3.4 8

18
29
7
31
125

164
75
125

2.07
2.50
2 .0 4

136
63
160

2 .0 0

63
23
49

2 .0 8
2 .4 3

69
23
32

68

2.38
2.8 3
2.71
3.10

220

2.51
2 .7 2
2.71
2 .9 6

15

404
380
24

759
176
584
234

2.47
2.1 9
2.4 8
2 .5 4
2.47

1 ,8 8 9
1 ,2 8 3
410
1 ,0 4 3
470

2 .3 3
2 .1 3
2 .3 0
2 .4 0
2.3 1

515
238
62
285
85

34

2.9 3

159

2 .3 2

39
57

2 .22

2 .5 4

93
154

413
189

2.18
2.1 9

360
188

2.21

2.06

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

M en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h i n e ________________________
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , h a n d ---------------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h in e ----------L e a t h e r _______________________________________
S y n t h e ti c s ---------------------------------------------------------

77
10
120

12

17
16
-

$2.7 9
-

2.32
2 .33
-

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h i n e ------------- —
B e d - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s ------ -------------------------------------P u llin g a n d l a s t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s :
T o e to b a l l ------------------------------------------------------P u l l o v e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e ----------------------------------------S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t i n g ------------------------------- —
C e m e n t l a s t in g ______________________ ____
T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i a u t o m a t i c --------

102

27
27

11

_
_
23
16

2.72
_
_

38
48

2 .5 9
3 .45

101

2 .8 8

34
67
63

2 .9 8
2 .8 2
3 .29

10

_
17

2 .3 4
2.60
2.63
_
3.10

50
59
45
57
93

3 .3 4
3 .0 4
3.35
2 .7 9
2 .9 2

_
15
-

_
3.08
-

21

2 .6 2

1.92
2 .1 4
1.80

87
35

2 .0 9

22

2 .6 2

-

62

2 .15

20

1.98
1.97

2 .4 6
2 .9 0
2 .8 0
-

34
67
40
27

2 .27
2.71
2 .5 2
2 .9 9

18
40
36
-

2.35
2.85
2.91
-

354
325
63

2 .40

144
82

3 .6 4
3.22
3.3 6
3.4 2
3.1 3
2.91

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
E d g e t r i m m e r s __________________________________
H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e ----------------------------------R o u g h r o u n d e r s ----------------------------------------------------S h a n k e r s_____________ ____________ _____________ __
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s ________________

2 .8 8

2 .9 3
2 .7 7
3.3 5
2 .2 0

3.21

O th e r
F lo o r boys
■_
_
. ■■!---■_
■
■
I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) ________
__________ —
J a n i t o r s -----------------------------------------------------------------

2 .2 4
1.97

1.88

W om en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in in g , m a c h i n e -----------------------------------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e ----------L e a t h e r ___________ __ _______ ____ ____________ _
S y n t h e ti c s ---------------------------------------------------------

116
80
36

-

-

2 .9 0
2 .5 4
-

22
20

2 .6 2
2 .1 7
2 .6 9

522
257

2 .6 8

2 .6 2

290
164

2.5 6
2.0 5
2.3 6
2.61
2.5 5

13

3 .2 6

21

2 .1 4
2 .3 6

10

2 .3 2
-

605
537

2 .4 2
2 .4 6

189
7

434
531

2 .0 4
2 .1 6

90
35

17
12

-

-

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s ---------------------------------- ---------------P a s t e r s , b a c k e r s , o r f i t t e r s , u p p e r , h a n d -----S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r l in i n g s ___________
T o p s t i t c h e r s _________________________________ —
V a m p e r s ________________________________ ________

1 , 126

22

119

2 .45
2 .3 7
2 .4 3

22

2.37
2.17
2 .1 3
2.71
2.19

2 .3 5

18

2 .7 4

-

-

33
27

2 .1 6
3.01

25
42

2.11

2 .6 4

15
18

2.08
2.56

2 .2 2

227

2 .3 2

11

1.90
3.0 8

145
99

2.21

27
50

2 .09
2.08

2 .1 3

175
106

1.96
1.83

238

2 .2 4

8

1.96

100

2 .0 0

37

2.01

88

2 10

2 .2 2

17

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h i n e _____________
B o tto m a n d m a k in g
S h a n k e r s _____ -______ -_________ -__________________
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s -------------------------

-

F i n is h i n g
R e p a ire r s
______ ________ _____ ____ _________ __
T r e e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

2 .09

M is c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r g i r l s — _________________ _____________ ______
I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) -------------------------------- -----S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




2 .01

T a b le 21. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-p rocess (conventional-lasted) sh o e s — by size of com m unity----Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s . U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
B o r d e r S ta te s
S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

S o u th w e s t

G reat L akes

M id d le W e st

P a c if i c

N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s

N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s

N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s

N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s

M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

-

_
-

37
19
67
61

$ 2 .5 8
3.35
3 .26
3 .2 8

13
48
47

$3.16
3.44
3.44
3.42

_
-

_
3.10

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

M en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h i n e ________________________
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , h a n d ___________
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e _______
L e a t h e r --------------------------- ------------ -------- —

-

$ 2 .1 3
-

40
40

$ 3 .4 8
3 .4 8

_
41
14

_
2.5 7
2 .4 8

21

2 .8 6

16

2 .5 5

21

_
$ 2 .8 1

_
_
27

_
_
2 .8 4

_
_
14

80
67
13
-

2 .5 2
2.61
2 .0 9

3 .7 4
3 .1 8
3.0 5
3 .0 4
-

27
_
91
91
-

3.37
_
3.5 0
3.5 0
-

63
9
122
122

3.52
3 .52
3.07
3.07
_
-

_
_
9
_
_

-

9
14
44
43
-

12

20

2 .4 8
2.37
2 .5 0

9
14

2 .8 0
_

10

2.31
3.10

21

2.21

2 .2 8

29

2 .7 0
3.1 8

6

29

14
34

13
23
-

2 .6 9
2 .2 9

11

3.2 7
3.25
2 .5 0
2 .4 4
2 .5 3

16
_

8

61

2 .8 4

15

3.04

24

24
7
17

2 .0 3
1.97

_

2 .2 2

_
14
35

_

1.86

_
23

_

1.90

2.51
2 .0 6

9

_
2.08

2 .1 6
2 .2 3
2 .2 3
-

18
25
23
-

2 .1 9
2 .4 8
2 .4 2
-

57
-

2.61
-

65
95
87

2 .7 2
3 .0 3
3 .0 3
2 .9 4

_
_
-

_
_
-

234
182
62
164
90

2 .0 6
1.99
2 .1 4
2 .0 9

180
107
44

310
283

2.3 7

32

2 .3 8
2 .4 2
2 .3 0

287
219
90
232
63

2 .35
2.31
2 .2 8
2 .4 0

2 .0 0

2 .0 8
2 .1 7
2 .3 8
2.2 7
2 .2 3

34

2 .1 6

10

2 .2 6

-

45

2 .5 4

9
21

2 .0 3
1.94

11

1.81

60
64

2.5 5
2 .1 8

78
82

2 .11

2 .4 6

60
84

2.01
2.11

37
52

1.93
2 .0 7

72

2 .21

120

2 .4 8

12

11

L a s tin g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h i n e --------------------B e d - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s -------------------------------------------------P u llin g a n d l a s t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s :
T o e t o b a l l ------------------------------------------------------P u l l o v e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e ___ ______________ ______
S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t in g _______________________ _
C e m e n t l a s t i n g ------------------------------------------------T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i a u to m a ti c ----------

_
-

_
_
_
3.01
_
_
3.48

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
E d g e t r i m m e r s -----------------------------------------------------H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e ------------------------------------R o u g h r o u n d e r s ----------------------------------------------------S h a n k e r s -------------------------------------------------- ----------S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s --------------------------

9

O th e r
F l o o r b o y s ------------------------------ ------------------------------I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) --------------- ----------- ----------J a n i t o r s -----------------------------------------------------------------

_
-

_
-

7

W om en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h i n e -------------------------------------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e ----------L e a t h e r -----------------------------------------------------------S y n th e tic s ------------------ ------------------------------------

35
86
86

-

8

_

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s ----------------------------------------------------P a s t e r s , b a c k e r s , o r f i t t e r s , u p p e r , h a n d ------S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r l i n i n g s ----------------T o p s t i t c h e r s --------------------------------------------------------V a m p e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------

88

66

166
52

2 .2 0

2 .2 2

20

2.61

70

2 .12

12
11

-

2.61
2.95
-

L a s tin g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h i n e --------------------B o tto m a n d m a k in g
S h a n k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s --------------------------

-

_

_

_

14

_

10

2 .35
2 .7 6

_

2 .7 2

-

-

73

3 .1 6

102

2 .9 0

99
-

2 .96
-

39
-

2.25
-

57
87

2 .15
2.27

7
"

2.13
~

29

F in is h in g
R e p a i r e r s __ ___ ________ __ __ ____ ____ __________
T r e e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------M is c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r g i r l s -----------------------------------------------------------I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) ------------------------------------------

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .

NOTE:

h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .

D a s h e s in d ic a te no d a ta r e p o r te d o r d a ta that do n o t m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .




T a b le 22. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem en t-p rocess (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — by size o f establishm ent
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
U n ite d S t a te s 2

N ew E n g la n d

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r S t a te s

1

G re a t L akes

M id d le W e st

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

E s t a b l i s h m e n ts w ith —
5 0 -2 4 9
w o rlt e r s

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rlc e r s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erage
h o u r ly
e a rn ,- . a g g ..

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

106
105
229
198
31

$ 3 .4 8
4 .2 2
3 .5 5
3.5 6
3 .4 8

233
43
846
685
161

$ 3 .2 4
3 .1 8
3.3 7
3.29
3.7 3

122

99
23

$ 3 .4 3
3 .5 8
3 .6 0
3.5 2

96
63
59

3 .0 0
3 .2 8
2 .6 9

219
203
182

3 .1 7
3.11
2.91

45
35
30

53

3.19
3.38
3.2 0
3 .1 2
3.31
2 .9 6

309
93
711
570
141
123

3.3 3
3.1 3
3.1 3
3 .0 8
3.3 3
3 .2 5

40
14

123
193

2 .8 5

12

2 .8 6

110

122

3.41
3.0 9
3.15
2.7 7
3.11

169
492

2 .9 2
2 .3 6
3.03

41

3.0 5

141

84
38
95

2.0 5
2 .7 4

216

2 .0 0

70

A v e rage
h o u r ly
e a rn mgg

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erage
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r mto re
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk e rs

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

102

$ 3 .9 4
3 .1 4
3 .8 4
3 .6 8
4 .2 1

46
87
35
31
-

$ 4 .0 6
4 .4 3
4 .0 5
4 .1 2
-

46
_
134
93
41

$ 2 .9 5
_
2 .9 8
3 .0 4
2 .8 4

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

3.33
3.27
2 .7 7

94
75
64

3 .3 4
3 .5 5
3.0 3

38

2 .7 5
4 .1 9
2 .8 4

33
29

2 .9 6
2 .9 7
2 .5 8

_
_

_
_

3.31
3 .2 4
3.4 8
3 .4 2
3.5 6
3 .2 8

107
45
190
118
72
31

3 .8 5
3 .4 5
3.7 3
3.59
3 .9 6
3 .4 2

_
39
19

_
3 .5 6
3 .4 8
_
3 .5 0
3.49

41
32
98
40
58
54

2 .6 4
2.5 3
2 .7 2
2 .8 5
2 .6 2
3 .1 4

_
_
18
_
_
-

25
_
18
64

3 .2 2
2.8 3
_
2.0 8
3.11

31
58

29
50
25
27
82

_
_

_
_

2 .7 0

-

-

_
_
_
25

2.91

27

-

-

-

-

100

2.0 3
2 .2 4

190

2 .0 0

2.13
2 .6 4
2 .4 5
3.5 0

218
399
361
38

2.5 9
2 .7 8
2 .7 8
2 .7 8

653

2 .4 5

2 ,3 6 2

2 .3 7

337

498
143
349
147

2.01

1 ,5 4 4
443
1 ,2 7 8
557

2 .2 0

216
56
164
43

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

M en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h in e _____________________
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , h a n d ___-____
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e — —
L e a th e r _____ __ __________ ____ _____________
S y n th e tic s ------------- ------ -

41
-

88
10

340
238

38
54
51

$2.6 7
3.40
3.51
3.52

$ 2 .8 4

27

2.83

3.41

61

3.62

3.48
3.48

115
115

3.15
3.15

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

8

$ 2 .8 6

25

_
_
$ 2 .2 5
_

_
_
62
57

_
_
2 .6 0
2 .62

29
103

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .4 0

26

3.23

12

_
_
2 .2 8

_
25
35

19

3.01
2.37

2.71
3.20

58

2 .88

-

-

_
1.95

_
24

12

2.55

2.21

30

2 .1 0

2 .1 2

69
107
99

2.55
2.87

60
89
81

2.85
3.05
3.06
2.94

22

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h in e __________
B e d - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s — —__ —
_ _ —
H e e l-s e a t la s te rs
. . .
____
P u l li n g a n d l a s ti n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s :
T o e to b a ll — - —
—
__ . . _
P u l l o v e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s — —— ——— —
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h in e - ------S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t in g -----------— . —
C em en t la s tin g .
T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i a u to m a ti c ___

68

152
88

64
77

86

49
37
20

12
10

15
26

8

_

102

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
Edge trim m e rs
_ _ —
H e e l a tta c h e r s , m a c h in e
R ough ro u n d ers

—

.

_.

S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s ______ _______

64
64
41
60

2 .8 8

21

211

3 .1 6
3 .5 6
2 .3 8
3 .4 3

24
23
33
32

4 .2 3
3.61
3.71
3 .3 4
3.29

3 .0 8

84

3 .0 4

-

-

24
7

2 .0 2
2 .1 0

1.99
2.31
1.83

20

2.0 9
3 .1 0

1.91

108
39
59

52

22

33

2 .1 2

7
26

2 .6 6
2 .8 6

13
13

20
6

2.6 3
3.6 2

12

-

2.81
2.9 9
2 .8 2
-

2.69

700

2 .5 4

107

2 .5 0

391

2 .3 6

2.03
2 .4 4
2 .5 8
2.4 3

279
94
411
206

2 .1 6
2 .5 3
2 .6 7
2.61

100

2 .1 0

30
62
31

2 .2 7
2.61
2 .2 5

307
55
165

2 .2 5
2 .4 2
2.31
2.4 3

10

64

2.69
2 .7 8
2 .8 6
2 .1 2

n

_

_

F i n is h i n g
T re ers—

—-

- -

.

.

.

.

-

-

_

_

O th e r
F lo o r boys —
_
_
I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) ------------- ------- ----------- --- ___ . . .
J a n i t o r s . . ----— .
._ . . .

57
16
49

2 .0 5
1.97

_

_

_

2 .1 0

-

-

8

28
81
62
19

2.51
2.5 9
2.6 3
2 .4 6

_
_

_
_

-

80

W om en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h in e —
—— . —
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e — —
L e a th e r —
. __ . .
___
S y n t h e ti c s —
. —
_ ...
. . . . .

121

99
22

_

26

_

3.2 9

.

.

-

-

2.49
2.49

-

30
49
49
-

1.90

154

2 .1 4

2 .86

8

F ittin g
Fancy
« ___________
P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r fitte rs ,
u p p e r, hand — —
S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r lin i n g s —
T op s titc h e rs — — — —
-----——
—
V a m p e r,
S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




—

2 .3 4
2.49
2.1 8

2 .3 6
2 .4 3
2.41

110

_
_
47
“

_
_
1.72
-

_
47
117
61

2 .21

2 .2 4
2 .0 8

'

2.38

273

2.38

338
77
196 *
56

362

2 .24
2 .34
2.39
2.31

199
85

2 .3 4
2.31
2.37
2 .28

222

47

T a b le 22. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem en t-p rocess (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — by size of establishm ent----Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
G re a t L akes

B o r d e r S ta te s

M id d le A tla n tic

N ew E n g la n d

U n ite d S ta te s 2

M id d le W e st

E s t a b l i s h m e n ts w ith —

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk e rs
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk e rs
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk e rs
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g 8 -

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ­ A v er­
ber
age
h o u r ly
of
w o rk ­ e a rn ­
e rs
in g s

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h i n e ----------------

$ 2 .7 2

41

$ 2 .5 6

_

14

2 .7 2

10

2.35
2.76

97
123

2.95
2 .70

2.19
2.27

39

$ 2 .3 0

154

$ 2 .4 6

-

-

19

$ 2 .7 7

-

-

21

$ 2 .7 0

-

-

22

$ 2 .3 2

20

31
70

2 .0 6
2.31

101

2.19
2.4 6

11

32
15

2 .2 4
3 .3 4

30
35

_

_

25

$ 2 .0 2
2 .6 3

2 .1 2

19

$ 2 .0 8
2 .5 4

10

141

2.61

-

-

6
6

2 .25
2.38

29

273
126

2 .0 3
2 .0 7

745
600

2.43
2 .4 6

129
9

1.97
2 .0 7

287
-

2 .0 8
-

54
38

1.98
2 .2 7

118

2 .1 5
2 .1 3

$ 1 .7 2

82
116

3.09

23

41
41

2 .8 8

111

2 .8 6

279
108

2 .2 0

515
611

2.07
2.1 7

58
30

2 .0 5
1.91

207

2 .01

176

1.87

12

2 .3 0
1.81

70
125

2 .0 6
2.0 3

16
“

1.86

111

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
S h a n k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s -------- ------------

-

F i n is h i n g
R e p a i r e r _______________________________________
T r e e r s — -------- -— --------- -----------------------------------

_

_

2 .45

O th e r
F l o o r g i r l s ------------------------------------------------------I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s )-------------------------------------

1 .9 4

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and l a t e s h if t s .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a te l y .

N O T E : D a s h e s in d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .




“

44
63

2 .0 6

86

2 .2 2

55

2 .21

133

2 .4 7

86

T a b le 23. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem en t-p ro cess (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — by size of establishm ent
and size of com m unity
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s . U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
U n ite d S ta te s 2

N ew E n g la n d

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r S ta te s

G reat L akes

M id d le W e st

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

E s t a b l i s h m e n ts w ith —
S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , o c c u p a tio n , a n d
c o m m u n ity s iz e

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers

250 w o r k e r s
or m o re

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers

2 50 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

25 0 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

87
19

$3.68
2 .5 7

101

$ 3 .4 0
3.11

37
-

$ 3 .3 7
-

40
48

$4.02
3 .8 7

40
-

$ 4 .2 6
-

40

132

6

$2.95
2 .9 0

-

-

-

-

34

$2 .6 6

161
68

3.6 8
3 .2 6

302
544

3 .4 6
3.32

76
46

3 .5 8
3 .5 9

131
20 9

3 .8 7
3 .8 3

35
-

4 .0 5
-

117
17

3 .0 7
2 .3 2

-

-

-

-

51

3.40

137

3.71
3.23

191
494

3 .3 6
3 .2 6

57
42

3.6 2
3 .5 8

63
175

3 .5 7
3.72

31
"

4 .1 2
-

77

61

3 .1 9
2 .3 3

-

-

-

-

48

3.41

65
31

3.02
2 .9 7

77
142

3 .3 8
3.05

28
17

3.2 2
3.51

35
59

3 .7 7
3 .0 8

34
-

2 .8 1
-

26

-

2 .9 5
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

39

2 .9 8
2 .1 3

60

25
39

10

2 .6 1

-

-

-

8

$2 .8 6

-

2 .8 6

2 .8 4
-

24

9

2.91
2 .4 4

3 .2 8

122

2 .9 3
2 .9 0

21

20

21

$2.81

_
26

$2.85

34
19

3 .0 7
3.41

69
240

3.42
3 .3 0

26
14

3 .0 7
3 .7 4

26

4 .5 2
3 .6 3

-

-

81

-

-

36
-

2 .5 2
-

-

-

27

_
3.37

_
59

_
3 .5 9

86
66

3 .5 6
2.7 2

203
508

3 .3 9
3.02

56
30

3.65
3 .1 6

91
99

4 .0 7
3.41

19
-

3 .4 8
-

82

2 .7 4
2 .6 0

62

-

91

_
3.50

.
113

_
3.12

91

3.50

113

3.12

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

M en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin i n g , m a c h i n e :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ___________________ __
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________________
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e :3
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s _______________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________________
L e a th e r :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s _______________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________________

16

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b le rs fo r p u llo v e r, m a c h in e :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ____ _________ ____ .
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________________
H e e l-s e a t la s te rs :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ________________ _____
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________________
P u llin g a n d l a s t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s :
T o e to b a ll :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s _____ __ _____________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________________
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e :3
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g a r e a s __________________
S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t in g :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ________________
____
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________________
T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i a u to m a ti c :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s _______________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s _____ ____________

36
52

3.5 4
2.8 2

95
475

3.32
3.0 3

25
24

3.6 2
3.22

40
78

3.82
3 .4 8

-

39
38

3.5 7
2 .3 4

72
51

3.3 7
3 .0 9

10

3 .8 6
-

14
17

3 .8 8
3 .0 4

21

41
23

3.6 4
3.01

67
56

3.0 0
2 .6 7

6

3 .3 7
-

19

2 .8 9

21

12

2 .8 6

-

51
13

3.25
2 .4 5

81

3.02
2 .7 5

22

2 .8 1
-

32
26

3 .4 9
2 .7 4

21

112

49

2 .9 3
2 .0 6

74
95

2 .3 6
2 .3 6

14

11

-

2 .1 9
-

37
27

79
43

3.4 4
2 .5 0

200

292

3 .1 6
2 .9 4

40
24

3 .4 3
2 .5 8

52
43

2 .0 7
1.91

73
117

2 .0 1
2 .0 0

19
“

1.94
“

-

-

16

2 .6 0

2 .9 3
2 .6 3

57

3.12
3 .2 0

-

12

4 .2 3
-

29
-

2 .6 9
-

11

3 .7 6
-

38

2 .6 5
3.21

-

-

-

-

-

2 .4 5
2 .2 7

31

3.3 5

26

2 .1 3
-

-

-

_

-

-

21

110
101

3.5 0
3 .3 6

23

-

-

_

30
29

1.85
1.80

26
“

-

-

30

3 .6 3
-

42

10

-

2 .6 2

"

-

_
-

-

_
-

_

_

-

_
2 .8 0

_
9

_
2 .7 0

_

_

-

_

_
19

_
2 .3 7

-

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
Edge trim m e rs :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s _______________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________________
H e e l a tt a c h e r s , m a c h in e :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s _______________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________________
S h a n k e rs :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s _______________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s _________________ _
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s _______________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________________

-

-

-

12

-

3 .5 4
-

70

2 .1 5
~

-

2 .4 0

12

2 .7 1
2 .6 0

25

36
13

2 .1 5
1.95

-

-

8

1.95

2 .2 8

16

29

_

_

2 .70

_

_

_

_

_

3.18

56

_

2 .9 0

M is c e ll a n e o u s
J a n ito rs :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s _______________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ___________________
S e e f o o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .




_

23

_

2 .22

_

26

_

2 .11

T a b le 23. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-p rocess (conventional-lasted) sh o e s— by size of establishm ent
and s iz e o f co m m u n ity— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
N ew E n g la n d

U n ite d S ta te s 2

B o r d e r S ta te s

M id d le A tla n tic

G reat L akes

M id d le W e st

E s t a b l i s h m e n ts w ith —
S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , o c c u p a tio n , a n d
c o m m u n ity s iz e

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk e rs

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

25 0 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk e rs

A v e rage
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e rage
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

33
37

$ 1 .98
2 .2 6

35
183

$ 2 .7 6
2 .5 6

-

282
371

2 .6 4
2 .3 0

844
1 ,5 1 8

2 .4 2
2 .3 4

195
142

$ 2 .7 4

312
186

2 .0 5
1.95

447
1 ,0 9 7

2 .2 8
2 .1 6

110

78

2 .4 5

65

2 .21

98
345

2.5 1
2.3 1

180
169

2 .6 6

2 .3 2

404
874

76
71

2 .3 3
2 .0 3

34
36

163

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e rage
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

25 0 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

5 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

W om en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin i n g , m a c h i n e :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ________________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ____________________

"

9

$ 2 .42

-

16
12

$2.72
2 .2 3

30

$2 .1 2

57

$2 .6 1

58

$2.79

2 .6 1

320
380

2 .5 4
2 .5 4

47
-

$ 2 .3 9
-

307
84

2 .4 0
2 .2 2

154

2 .15

310

2 .3 7

267

2 .3 6

2 .0 8
1.9 9

128
151

2 .2 5
2 .0 9

89
-

2 .0 8
-

23 6
71

2 .2 8
2 .1 5

-

-

283

2 .2 0

197

2 .3 4

2 .5 6
2 .2 4

28

22

2 .8 3
2 .4 0

24
-

2 .3 4
-

39
16

2 .5 2
2 .1 8

47

2 .2 1

66

2 .3 8

81

2 .3 0

2 .4 8
2.4 1

87
77

2 .7 2
2 .4 3

198
213

2 .6 7

60
-

2 .6 2
-

150
-

2 .2 7
-

117

2 .2 4

166

2 .4 2

214

2 .3 6

158
399

2 .5 4
2 .3 6

31
“

2 .4 7
■

152

2 .5 7

21

2 .2 9
“

98

2 .4 6

-

“

12

2 .2 2

61

2 .0 8

52

2 .3 0

47

2 .2 8

2 .4 9
2 .1 4

23
118

2 .4 3

23

2 .5 7

19

12

2 .5 9

15

3 .3 4

2 .7 2
2 .4 8

6

2 .3 8

29

2 .72

10

2 .7 6

2 .1 3
1.89

250
495

2 .2 2

110

77
52

2 .0 8
1.81

112

2 .3 2
1.93

50
■

2 .0 0

95
23

2 .1 4
2 .1 6

41

-

■

2 .8 8

73

3 .1 6

94

2 .9 8

211
68

2 .2 9
1.95

149
366

2 .1 0

27
31

2 .1 6

63
144

2 .1 1

171
-

2 .3 1
-

67
-

2 .0 6
-

44

2 .0 6

72

-

2 .0 6

2 .21

52

2 .1 8

36
72

2 .0 6

152
4 59

2 .0 6

9

1.92

26
85

2 .0 4
1.81

8

1.87

92
33

2 .0 2

63

2 .2 1

2 .4 8

82

2 .2 7

-

F i tt in g
F a n c y s titc h e r s :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ________________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ____________________
P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r f itte r s , u p p e r, hand:
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ________________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ____________________
S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r l in i n g s :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ________________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ________________ __
T op s titc h e r s :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s ________________________
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ____________________
V a m p e rs:
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s __________________ ____
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ____________________

106
34

66

2 .6 8

-

-

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t - p r o c e s s :
M e tr o p n lita n a r s a s
N o n m e tr o p o l it a n a r e a s -------------------------------

2 .61

_

16

F in is h in g
R e p a ire rs:
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s --- --------------------------- _
N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s -------------------------------

2 .5 4

175

M is c e ll a n e o u s
F lo o r g ir ls :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s -------------------- --------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ------------------------------In sp e c to rs (c ro w n e rs):
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s -------------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s -------------------------------

1.88

1.9 6

2 .2 1

.* E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , o r l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
N O TE :

D a s h e s in d ic a te no data r e p o r te d o r d ata that do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .




1.9 6

2 .0 5

-

120

T a b le 24. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-p rocess (conventional-lasted) sh o e s— M aine
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a rc h 1971)

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ------------------M en —------- -------------------------- -------W o m e n -----—--------------------------- ------

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N um ber
2
h o u r ly $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 |> . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3. 10 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $3. 80 $4. 00 $ 4 .2 0
of
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s 1 a n d
a nd
under
1
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1. 80 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 . 10 £2 . 20 $ 2 .3 0 $2*40 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3. 10 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 o v e r
4 , 892
1 ,7 2 5
3, 167

$ 2 .2 9
2 .5 6
2. 14

508
109
399

119
14
105

198
47
151

343
82
261

230
82
148

191
29

206
59
147

143
37

300
76
224

271
115
156

66
110

172
48
124

252
129
123

200

106

524
140
384

176

162

72
128

154
47
107

95
47
48

90
50
40

135
52
83

97
56
41

11
10
10

_
-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

1
1
1
1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

1
1
1
1

3
3
3
3

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

2
1
2
1

1

_

9

2 .8 0
2 .8 1
2 .7 5
2 .7 5

_
_
_

109

3. 32

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

. i

j

3

3

1

1

_

_

1

l

_
_

143

99
76
23

90
80

44
32

10

12

42
38
4

70
42
28

1

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

1
1
1
1

14

9

3

5

100

43

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n
o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h i n e 2--------------S y n th e tic s —---------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----—------------------------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h in e , l e a t h e r ( a ll in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) -----------------------------------------

7

5

8

6

13

20

1

_

1

2

2

4

4

3

2

1

l

_

4

3

1

1

2

1

2

1

_

1

2

2

4

2

1
2
2

2
6
6

1
9
9

4

3

9

2
2

3
3
3
3
3

5
5

8
8

9
9

4
4
4
4

4
3
4
3

1

-

2

1

-

2

-

j

2
2

“

"

10

2
2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

24

3 .0 4

16

3. 13

21

2 .6 8

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

1

4

1

1

1

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

>

_

_

1

_

_

1

22

3 .3 3

28
51
50
47
46

3. 17
3 ! 38
3 .3 7
3 .4 2
3 .4 0

17

2 .9 5

17
13

2 .6 0
? 76

16
7
6
45
44

2 .4 1
2. 11
2. 16
2 .7 7
2 .7 8

_
1
1
1
1

_
_
_

21

2 .8 7

-

13
21

1 .9 7
1 .8 6

_

7

S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h in e 2-------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------- —— ----S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t i n g ----------------In c e n ti v e --------------------- — — ----T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r
s e m i a u to m a ti c ( a ll in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ----------------- ——— — -------- —

_

_
_
_
_

ii

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h in e
( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----------------B e d -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs
( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----------------H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ----------------------------------------P u l li n g a n d l a s t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s , to e to b a ll ( a ll
in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ------------------------P u llo v e r-m a c h in e o p e ra to rs

1
1
1

2 .9 8

1

1

4 |

1

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

2
2

j

1
1

_
_
_
_

-

-

_

4

_

c

1

_
_
_

4
4
3
3

1

1

1

2

_

!

1
1

3
3
3
3

1
1

_
_
_

-

2

-

1

3

1
1

1
1

_
_
_

1

5

!
1

4

1

4

1

1
1

1

1

2

1
1

1

9

2
1

3

2
2
2

2
2
2
-

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g

H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h in e
( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) -------- -— —
Sh a n k e r s ------------- —-------------------- ----I n c e n t i v e -------- — .... ........ .........
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s ——

_

_

_

_

1

_
_
_
_

-

_
_
"

_
_
_
-

-

-

1

-

1

_

1
1
1
_

2

3

3

2

_
3
3

_
1
1

_
5
5

_
1
1

2
2
4
3

_
1
1

2

2

-

-

-

2

1

-

2
1
_
-

-

_
_
1
1

-

-

-

1

-

2
7

7

3

2
2

j

2

4

2

1

3

1

1

7
7

_
5
5

_
3
3

_
1
1

2

2

-

-

_
_

5
5

3
3

-

1
1

j

-

_
1
1

_
1

1
1

1

3

1

4

-

_

1

_

F in is h i n g
T r e e r s ( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ------M is c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r b o y s ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ---------J a n i t o r s ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------------M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e

S e e f o o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




T a b le 24. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-process (conventional-lasted) sh o e s— M aine---- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971) 1
3
2

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
N u m b e r A v e r a g e $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2.6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .90 $ 3 .0 0 $3. 10 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $4. 2C
h o u r ly x
of
and
and
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 9 $ 2.00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2.2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3. 10 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 o v e r

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — o m en
w
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin i n g , m a c h in e
S y n th e tic s — —— — — —---------------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h i n e , l e a t h e r ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) - - ....—------- —-------------- -----

1
1

l

1
1

1

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

“

“

1

~

4

"

"

1

2

1

“

2

~

2

"

"

"

"

1

1
1

6
6

1
1

1
1

5
5

13

10
10

9
9

8
8

12
12

10
10

6
6

5
5

4
4

5
5

5
5

4
4

11
11

5
5

9
9

5
5

3
3

7
7

-

13

-

11

7
7

7
5

1
1

-

1
1

5
5

-

3
3

3
3

2
2

-

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

1
1

-

“

2
1
8
8

1
1

2
2

6
6

3
3

2
2

2
2

2
2

4
4

3
3
3
3

2
1

4
4
"

5
5

3
3

5
5
“

7
7

4
4

5
5
4
4

2
2

1
1

1
1
12
12
1
1

-

10
10

7
7
"

1
1

7
7
4
4

2
2
6
6

2
2

13

1
1
8
8
6
6

1
1

4
4

1
1

1
1

1

“

“

”

“

1

"

1

“

1

*

"

14

2 .8 3

-

“

-

155
153

2 .7 1
2 .7 2

6
6

4
4

-

82
77

1.9 6

1 .9 6

18
18

10
10

41
39
128
127
49
48

2 .4 3
2 .4 6
2 .5 6
2 .5 6
2 .2 5
2 .2 4

2
2

_
-

7
7

9

2 .2 0

17
14

2 .0 0

9

3 .4 2

101

1 .9 4

5

70

1 .8 8

2

5
4

48
55
48

1 .9 0
1 .8 0
1 .7 9

4
4
4

2

1

2

9
9

5
5

16

15

2 . 10

-

-

-

1

88

1 .9 4

“

1
1

12

9

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s ------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------ ------- -----------P a s te r s , b a c k e rs, o r fitte rs ,
u p p e r , h a n d — -----------—— -------- ----In c e n ti v e --------------------- ----------—
S k iv e rs , m a c h in e , u p p e rs o r
l i n i n g s --------------------- -------- --------------I n c e n tiv e —---------------------- ------T o p s t i t c h e r s ----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------V a m p e r s -------- —------- — -------------------I n c e n tiv e -------- — --------------------

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

7
7
-

1
1
2
2
1
1

3

_
_
-

3
3
3
3

3
3

1

-

“

2

1

”

"

"

"

2
2

*

3
3

-

2

11
6

5

12

1
1

4
4

“

”
"

-

■
-

"
"

-

1
1

1
1

-

"

“

1

4
4
“

"

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h in e
1

"

"

'

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
S h a n k e rs
------------------------I n c e n tiv e
............... ■
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) -----------------

2 . 04

3
3

3

1
l

1

"

1

1

"

"

1

2

2

1

-

-

4

1
1

“

“

"

"

"

“

2

1

1

-

-

1

-

-

4

4

1

1

30
33

1

1

“

'

F i n is h i n g
R e p a i r e r s — — ---------------------------------T i m e ------------------ ■ ■
■ ---------------

9

18

8

16

10

10

2

2

2

22

-

5
3
3

7

12

5
5

3
"

3
14

2
20

-

-

-

‘

"

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1
1

1

9

M is c e lla n e o u s
F l o p r g i r l s ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) --------------------T i m e --------------------------------------

17

7
4
3

3
6
1

"

S e le c te d o ffic e
oc c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l -----------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -------------------------------

1
2

1

2

-

3

5

2

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 1 a t $ 4 . 20 to $ 4 . 40 a n d 2 a t $ 4 . 40 to $ 4 . 60.




-

A p p r o x im a te ly 65 p e r c e n t o f th e p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y th e s tu d y w e r e p a id on in c e n tiv e b a s i s .

T a b le 25. O ccu p a tion a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-process (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — B o sto n — Lynn, M a ss.1
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s, M a rch 1971)

S ex, d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r o f w ori k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N u m b e r A v e ra g e
$l.bU $1.65 $1.7U $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $1.95 $2.00 $2.10 $2 . 2 (F $2.40 T 2 .5 C $2.80
$3.20 $3.40 $ L 6?r
1 0 ( 5 - T O C T O C T O C T O C $5.00 $5.20
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s ^ a n d
under
and
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $1.95 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.40 $2.60 $ 2 .80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40
$4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 o v e r
$ 2.61
24
47
31
50
59
16
178
161
319
196
98
105
93
47
57
44
60
35
12
39
17
14
9
22
* 662
7
9
40
1
44
18
57
47
39
63
~
“
46
32
29
38
28
59
11
17
9
13
22
1, 123
2 . 26
24
15
43
15
160
117
279
30
139
58
59
18
12
_
7
11
1
1
7
1
_
1

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s —
m en
C u ttin g
13
12

4. 32
4. 36

“
"

7

“

3 .4 1

■
“

1

3 .9 2

9

“

3. 89
3 .9 1
3 .8 5

18

”
“

-

“

-

1
1

2
2

“

“

1

1

3
3

2

3
3

2
2

4
4

4
4

2
2

1

2

-

3

2

2

4 .4 4

35
34
17

“

■

1

S y n th e tic s ( a l l i n c e n tiv e
C u t te r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,

"

S y n th e tic s ( a l l i n c e n tiv e

1
*
1

“
1

2

2

1

"

5
5
3

1

-

2

2

2

1

1

-

1

2
2

1

1
1

„
-

1
1

1
1

1

-

1

-

2
2
1

3
3

1
1

2

2
2
2

-

1

1

_

1

42
2

F i tt in g
T o p s t i t c h e r s 5 b / — ------------ -.

2

1

62

L a s tin g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u llo v e r , m a c h in e
14
H e e l-se a t la s te rs
( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ——
... ■
P u l l o v e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ---------

4 . 14

10
8

3 .4 6
3. 26
» i •a
O* 13
4 . 36

7

C e m e n t l a s t i n g ------—--------- -----I n c e n t i v e --------------------T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i ­
a u to m a ti c ( a l l in c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) --------------------- ----------------

27
25
19
17

40
4 .5 1

4.

1
_

*

_

*
"
"

■
■

.

1

"
“
“

•
“

“
■
”

*
"
“

*

•

j
-

3 .5 7

7

3. 32

-

8
8

3 .6 3
2. 70

_

2

3

2

2

2

1

“

1

-

-

2
1
6
6

-

-

_
3
3

_

_

4
4

1
1

-

2
2
1
1

-

1

1

-

1
1

~

-

-

3

-

“

3

”

13

1

5

1
1

1

5
5
5
5

1

1

_
“
-

1

_

2

2

1

3

-

1

1

2

-

-

i

"

:

2

1

1

"

1

1

3

3

1

-

1

-

-

1

_

_

2
2

1

1

-

2

-

-

1
1
1

1

m
14
4
4
4

1

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h in e
S h a n k e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) —
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s
( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ——....... —
S e e f o o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




25

3 .8 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

_
2

j

-

1
1

_

_

_

j

"

-

1

2

5

.
-

i

-

-

1
2

1

3

4

-

T a b le 25. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-process (conventional-lasted) s h o e s —B o sto n — Lynn, M a ss.1---- Continued
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s, M a rch 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
S ex, d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s 2

$1 .6 0 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $ 1 .95 $2.00 $2.10 *2720 32740 $2750 $2.80 $ 3 .00 $3.20 $3740 $3750 737 W

$4700 $5720 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $ O 0T$5720

and
under
$1.65 $1. 70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $ 1.90 $1.95 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $ 4 .6 0 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 o v e r

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s —
m en -C o n tin u e d
F i n is h i n g
T r e e r s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ------

15

$ 3 . 46

2

3

-

7

-

2
2

1
1

1

-

.

.

.

2

1

2

1

1

1

-

-

1

M is c e ll a n e o u s
11

1 .9 7

_

8

2. 30

_

108

2 .4 7
2 .4 9

_

101

-

1
1

46
26

2 . 11
2 . 18

.
_

1
1

15
14

_

29

2. 67

-

1. 97
2 . 03

3

24
23
7

2 . 11
2 . 12
2 .2 0

1

29
18

2 . 29
2 . 21

3

_

_

_

2 . 87
2 .9 2

26
22

F l o o r b o y s ( a l l t im e w o r k e r s ) --------In sp e c to rs (cro w n ers)
( a l l t im e w o r k e r s ) -------------------------

_

!

_

5

2

2

1

2

2

2

2

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s w om en
F i tt in g
I n c e n tiv e — --------------------------- ----P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r f itte r s ,
u p p e r , h a n d ------------------ — ——..—
S k i v e r s , m a c h in e , u p p e r s o r
l in i n g s — — ------------- ------- -----——---T o p s t i t c h e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ------------ ---------------------------

_
.

4

3
3

2
2

_
_

16
15

3
3

16
14

15
14

20

2

19

14
14

3
3

_

1
1

1
1

5

_
_

19

5

8

7
5

2

4
4

2
2

_
_

2
2

2

5
5

2

3

_

1

_

2
2

2
2

2
1

1
1

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_

_

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-

-

-

-

.

1

l
-

-

1

j

-

1
1

-

-

2

3

3
3

1

5

9
9

_

1

4

2

3

1

1

2

-

-

1

-

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

1

1

"

-

-

-

-

-

1

F i n is h i n g
8
8

2
1

M is c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r g i r l s ------------------ ---

------------

I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) 5 a / - --------- —

_

1

j

_

2
2

1

_

”

-

2

_

3

-

1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

9

"

5
5

-

9

-

-

2

5
5

”
-

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en

b a s is .

1

3
7

7
2

6

4

2
3

2

1 T h e B o s to n -L y n n a r e a c o n s i s t s o f B o s to n , C a m b rid g e , E v e r e t t , L y n n , S a le m , a n d W a k e fie ld , M a s s a c h u s e tt s .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and l a t e s h if t s .
A p p r o x im a te ly 61 p e r c e n t o f th e p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y

th e

s tu d y w e r e
7

3
4
3
6
7

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i n a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 1 a t $ 5 . 4 0 to $ 5 . 60 a n d 1 a t $ 6. 40 to $ 6. 60.
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta t o w a r r a n t p u b l ic a ti o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w ag e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m in a n tly t im e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 1 a t $ 5 . 20 to $ 5 .4 0 a n d 1 a t $ 5 . 60 to $ 5 . 80.
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 1 a t $ 5 . 20 to $ 5 . 40 ; 1 a t $ 5 .4 0 to $ 5 . 60; 1 a t $ 6 . 20 t o $ 6 .4 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 6 . 60 to $ 6 . 80.




p a id o n a n in c e n tiv e
r

T a b le 26. O ccu pa tion a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-process (conventional-lasted) sh o e s — H averhill, M ass.
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a rc h 1971)

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s
M e n ---------------------------

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s ol
$1.75 $ 1 .8 0 $1.85 $ 1 .9 0 $1 .9 5 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2.60 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3.20 $3.4 0 $3.6 0 $3.80 $4.00 $4.2 0 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00
of
h o u r ly
and
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s 3 u n d e r
and
$1.80 $1.85 I M P . $1-95 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $2 .4 0 $2-50 $ 2.60 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .80 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $3.40 $ 3 .6 0 $3.80 $4.00 $ 4 .2 0 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.0 0 o v e r
698
258
440

$ 2 .7 5
3 .3 9
2. 38

3
3

3
3

-

-

2

6

9
7

3 .2 3
3. 32

■

■

"

■

-

2

6

1
1

116
18
98

93
7
86

77
27
50

26

33
7
26

■

~

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

28
2

44
5
39

40
9
31

21
8

15
7

21

25

13

16

26
14

13

8

8

9

12

36
27
9

1

-

-

2
2

1
1

2
1

-

1

-

1

3

2

1

-

-

2

2

1

1

1

2

-

1

-

-

2

24
13

23
23

9
9

11

11

9
9

7
7

5
5

20
20

-

U

-

-

-

“

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h in e
I n c e n t i v e ----------------- ----C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h in e ( a l l in c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) --------------------------------S y n th e tic s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) -----------------------

1

14

3 .5 8

-

9

3 .7 6

-

"

-

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-

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-

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-

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<2

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

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>

_
_

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

L a s ti n g
B e d -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs (a ll in c e n ­
t iv e w o r k e r s ) S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h in e , c e m e n t
l a s t i n g ( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) -

13

3. 83

2

2

_

13

3 .9 1

2

1

1

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s
( a l l i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) ------------

9

3 .9 3

8

4 . 14

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

F i n is h i n g
T r e e r s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ■

1
S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
F i tt in g
F a n c y s titc h e r s ■
I n c e n t i v e -----P a s te r s , b a c k e rs, o r fitte rs ,
u p p e r , h a n d ------------------------I n c e n t iv e ----------------- ------ —
T o p s t i t c h e r s -------------------------I n c e n t iv e — — — —
-------------

53
49

2 .5 2
2 .5 6

22

2 . 19

14
32
31

2. 31
2 .5 3
2 .5 4

20

9

-

-

-

-

-

6
2

4
4

3
3

3
3

5
5

9
9

12
12

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5

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-

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-

2
2

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l

2
2

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-

-

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4

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2

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10
2
1
1

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4

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2. 17

-

-

-

-

-

1

2 .2 6

-

-

-

-

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1

2
2

2
2

1

2
2
1

_

_

_

1

_
_

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4

5

_
_
7
7

17

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

3

-

-

1

-

-

-

3

4

1

1

1

3

4

1

1

6

1

3
3

_

_

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

1

_

F i n is h i n g
R e p a ir e r s (a ll tim e w o r k e r s ) —
M is c e lla n e o u s
F l o o r g i r l s ( a l l t im e w o r k e r s ) S e le c te d o ffic e
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ---------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ------------------------1
5
4
*
2

15
10

2. 14
2 .3 9

5
2

"

'

1

"

*

3
■

1 T h e a r e a i s l i m i t e d to th e c it y o f H a v e r h ill, M a s s a c h u s e tt s .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
1 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 20 a n d 1 a t $ 5 . 4 0 to $ 5 . 60

4 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
5 I n c lu d e s 1 w o r k e r a t $ 1 . 6 0 to $ 1 . 6 5 .




2

-

A p p r o x im a te ly 75 p e r c e n t o f th e p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y th e s tu d y w e r e p a id on a n i n c e n tiv e b a s is .

T a b le 27. O ccu pa tion a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-process (conventional-lasted) sh o e s— L a w re n ce — Low ell, M ass.1
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s, M a rch 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
N um ber
S ex, d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

h o u r ly
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s 2

3, 341
1, 194
2, 147

$ 2 .6 7
2. 94
2 .5 2

17
7

3. 99
4 . 01
3. 88
3 .9 2

8
10
8

3 .5 3
3. 17
3 ! 42

13

and
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $1.95 $ 2 .00 $2.10 $2.20 $ 2 .30 $2.40 $ 2 .50 $ 2 .60 $ 2 .80 $ 3 .00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 o v e r

3 71
3 37
3! 93

66
65
21
20

$ 1 .6 0 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $1.95 $2.00 $2.10 $ 2 .20 $2.30 $ 2 .4 0 3 2 .50 $ 2 .60 12780 $ 3 7 W $3720 $3.40 $3780 $3780 $4700 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $ 0 0

3 .4 3

53
8
45

3
3

243
80
163

50
4
46

124
56
68

37
15
22

100
28
72

44
5
39

411
91
320

203
60
143

149
77
72

163
42
121

103
23
80

179
79
100

229
56
173

1

1

_

_

_

j
_

2
.

1
1

.
.

.
_

.
_

2
2

2
2

1
1

240
73
167

241
71
170

138
36
102

128
72
56

135
70
65

72
29
43

88
53
35

Z

41
20
21

71
64
7

39
27
12

1

z

“

1

1

I

2

4
4

7
7

4
4
J

5 11
11
3
3

57
55
2

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
m en
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h i n e ( a l l
S y n t h e t i c s ---- — . ■--------------- - - ...
■
■
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,

1

-

-

.
-

.
.

.

.
_

.
_

.

4
4

4
4

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6

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3
3

1

"

1

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I

7
7

3
3

2

1

2
6
6

*
1

2

3 -2

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u llo v e r , m a c h in e
I n c e n tiv e ----------------- ------------------P u l li n g a n d l a s t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s , t o e to b a ll
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) 4 -------------C e m e n t l a s t i n g ---- ------ ----------------

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

3
1

_
-

_

1

_

1
_

1

1

2

_

_

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

5
5

_
-

j

_

2

1
1

"

2

_

1

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1

4
3

3
3

3
3

4
4

1
1

6 13
11

_
2

6

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l

2

2

I

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1

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_

2

1
1

6
6

-

-

-

-

1
1

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-

1
-

1
_

6

2

4
-

1
_
2

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1

1
_
4

3
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9

11

_
_
4

_
_

1

2
1
“

6

8

_
4

_
4

6

1

_
2

19
19

8
8

13
13

9
9

8
8

9
9

1
1

1
1

5
5

3
3

_

_

1

_

46
43

4 . 09
4 . 02

-

-

-

28

2. 20
1 .8 5
3 .4 4

1
1

_
-

2
2

71

157
136

2 . 71
2 .8 3

_
-

4
-

4
2

4
2

2
2

2
2

_

-

-

16
3

9
9

12
12

8
8

7
7

13
13

66
16

8

2

6

4

-

.

6
3

3

2

4

4

2

4

1

50

2 .2 8
1 .8 3
2 .4 3

12

2 .8 6

83
79

3 .0 2
3. 07

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
8

S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s 7-—

_

1

_

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en
F i tt in g
F a n c y s titc h e r s

——— — —— — —

.

P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r f itte r s ,

S k i v e r s , m a c h in e , u p p e r s o r
lin i n g s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----I n c e n tiv e

------- - ■— — ------------—

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .




9

4

2

_

1

1

2

1

1

2

2

4

_

_

3

3

2

4

4

2

4

1

8

3

2

_

1

!

2

1

1

-

1

8

1

1

5

2
2

4
4

3
3

1
10
10

2

1

2
10
10

_

-

1
10
10

_

*

_
5
5

_

-

3
5
4

_

-

1
2
2

1

•

6
6

7
7

2
2

2
2

2
2

7

4

1

_

_

-

2
2

1
1

T a b le 27. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-p rocess (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — La w re n ce — Low ell, M ass.1
---- C o n tin u ed
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s, M a rch 1971)

1 T h e a r e a f o r t h i s s tu d y i s l i m i t e d to L a w r e n c e a n d L o w ell, M a s s a c h u s e tt s .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,

a n d l a t e s h if t s .

A p p r o x im a te ly 64 p e r c e n t o f th e p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y th e

b a s is .
3
4
5
6
7

W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 1 a t $5 to $ 5 . 20; 1 a t $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 .4 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 5 . 4 0 to $ 5 . 60.
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 3 a t $ 4 .8 0 to $ 5 ; 2 a t $5 to $ 5 .2 0 ; 2 a t $ 5 .6 0 to $ 5 .8 0 ; 1 a t $ 6 . 2 0 to $ 6 .4 0 ; 2 a t $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 6 .6 0 to $ 6 . 8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 5 a t $ 4 . 80 to $ 5 ; 3 a t $5 to $ 5 . 20 ; 3 a t $ 5 . 20 to $ 5 . 4 0 ; a n d 2 a t $ 5 . 60 to $ 5 . 8 0.
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n o f s e p a r a te a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t, p r e d o m i n a n t l y in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .




s tu d y w e r e p a id on a n in c e n tiv e

T a b le 28. O ccu p a tion a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-process (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — So utheastern N ew H am p shire
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g is t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
N u m b e r A v e r a g e $ 1 .6 0 $ 0 5 $ 1 .7 0 $T7T5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $3740 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 .8 0
h o u rly
of
and
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s 2
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2.1 0 $ 2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 .8 0 o v e r
224
58

233
32

17
105

154
29
125

245
35

201

368
56
312

122

166

210

549
148
401

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

354
88

275
75

266

200

$ 2 .4 5
2 .7 8
2 .2 9

4 22
74
348

121

453
185
268

282

347
176
171

262
113
149

53
50
50
47

3 .8 9
3 .9 5
3 .9 3
4 .0 1

-

-

-

3
3

1
1
1
1

5
3
4

133

3 .8 6

_
-

1
1
1
1

4
4
3
3

7
7
3
3

13
13

14

93
91

3*. 67
3 .6 9

12
12

40

-

“

1

4

3 .4 1
3 .4 4
2 .9 1
2 .9 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

6

72
71
Q
7
g

3 .8 4
3 .8 4
3 .3 7
3 .4 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

93
82

3 .4 4
3 .4 5
3 .3 6

-

11

6

18

3 .2 7
3 .4 1
3 .0 2
3 .0 7

7
25
23

3 .4 9
2 .3 4
2 .3 3

88

-

-

-

1

_
-

2
2

2
2

-

-

1
1
2

-

2
2

2 .9 7
2 . 05
2.01

-

2
2
2
2

3 .3 7

26

291

176

140
101

65

39

152
78
74

80
65
15

24
19
5

20
10
10

10

111

2
2
2
2

8
8

7
7

8
8
8
8

3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4

-

3
3
3
3

1
1
1
1

4 11
11
11
11

7
7
3
3

14
14

7
7
7
7

7
7
3
3

2
2

5 28

10
10

5
5
5
5

6
6

9

13
13
13
13

4
4

1

28
14
14

1

3

“

4

4

-

-

4

2

1

14

5
5
5
3

4
4
3
3

7
7
4
4

5
5
-

-

1
1

2
2

3
3

-

3
3
-

2
2

-

-

1
1

5
5

4
4

1
1
2
2

7
7

11
11

11
10

6
6

7
7

2
2

6
6

13

19
17

9
7

4
3

2

1

3
3
-

1
1

2

-

-

“

2

-

-

3 . 84

10

238
51
187

4 . 28

48
46
31
27

218
58
160

2

5, 815
1 , 886
3 ,9 2 9

34
U

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s -----------------M e n ----------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------- -------------

43
78

102

189

112

170

5
5

55
45
10

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s—m e n
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in in g , m a c h i n e ---------------I n c e n tiv e — ---------------------------S y n t h e t i c s ----------- ------------------------I n c e n tiv e — ---- ------- ---------------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h i n e ----------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ----------------------- ------—
S y n th e tic s ( a ll i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) -----------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
2

1
1
1
1

3
3

1

1

2
2

2

12

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r m a c h i n e —
I n c e n t i v e ------- ---------------- — — -----H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s ----------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------- ----P u l li n g a n d l a s t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ? --------------- — —------------------T o e to b a l l ---------------------------------S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h in e
( a l l i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------- ------S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t i n g ----------------C e m e n t l a s t i n g ---------------------------T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i ­
a u to m a ti c ( a ll in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ----------- ------------ — —— -----

1
1

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

3
3

4
4
4

4
4
4
4

-

-

-

2
2

5
5

3
3

4

3
-

-

-

2
2

-

2
1
1

-

-

4
3

1

1

1

-

2
2

-

3
3
-

8
8

10

9

5
4

6
6

-

1

1

-

1

1
1

-

1
1

“

1

1

1

-

12
1

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
E d g e t r i m m e r s ------------ -------- ----------I n c e n tiv e -----— ------ —-----—-----------H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e ---------------I n c e n tiv e —---- — ------------ ------ ------R o u g h r o u n d e r s ( a l l i n c e n tiv e
S h a n k e r s — — — — —— ---- ------------I n c e n t i v e ----------------- ------—— — —
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) -----------------

7
20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

2
2

-

-

3
3

-

-

1

3

4
4

1
6
6

2
2
2
2

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

2
2

-

1
1

-

2

3
3

2
1
1

-

-

-

3
-

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

5

4

8

4

10

6

10

9

16

4

4

-

2

1

3

3

6

2

1

2

1

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

4

l

"

"

"

"

"

"

■

“

-

-

1
1

3
3

4
4

4

4

1

2
2

-

2
2
1
1

1

-

-

-

1

2
1
1

3

"

3

-

1
1

3
1

F i n is h i n g
T r e e r s ( a ll i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ------M is c e lla n e o u s
j

2
2

2
2

3
3

j

3
3

2 .4 3

J a n i t o r s ( a ll t im e w o r k e r s ) ------------S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




19

1 .8 4

1

"

4

6

2

2

"

“

12
12
3
1

2

4
3

1
1

q
7
"

1
3

"

~

“

■

T a b le 28. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-p rocess (conventional-lasted) sh o e s —S o utheastern N ew H am p sh ire

Continued

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s tr a ig h t - ti m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N u m b e r A v e r a g e $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3720 1 5 7 4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $5780 $ 4 .0 0 $¥7Zff
P75TT H . So
of
h o u r ly
a nd
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s 2 u n d e r
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 .8 0 o v e r

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s —w o m e n
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in in g , m a c h in e ,
s y n t h e t i c s --------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------

“

-

"

1
1

2

"
1
1

2
2

12
12

n
11

5
5

4
4

28
28

15
15

17
17

18
17

11
4
7

15
14
1

10
4
6

4

3

8

-

-

4

3

4
1
3

10

3

10

8

15
1
14

_

_

_
-

-

4
2

1

-

3
3

_

-

1
-

1

1
1

5
5

3
2
2

_

4

3

5

“

9
2
2

“

4
1
1

5
7
7

10
14
10

10
3
3

13
10
10

3 .3 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

7
13

2 .9 9
2 .4 0

1

_

1

-

-

-

I

_

_

-

7

3 .0 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

103
85
18

2. 11
1 .9 9
2 .6 9

2

_

2

-

4
3
1

3
3
"

5
5
“

4
3
1

24
23
- 1

3
3
-

15
14
1

96
91
49
35

2 .0 2
2 .0 2
1 .9 7
2 .0 6

9
9
3

_

4
4
4

8
8
4

5
3
1

"

"

1
1
3
1

5
5

2

"

"

20
59

1 .9 9
2 .0 5

1
2

1
-

3
5

6

2
2

1

1

10
7

$ 2 .9 9
3 .4 6

“

• -

269
268

2 .5 7
2 .5 7

9
9

1
1

147
25
122

2 .0 6
1 .7 7
2. 12

29
1
28

3

43
40

2 .4 8
2 .5 3

2
2

219
96
92

2 .5 9
2 .7 0
2 .7 3

15

1

F ittin g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s ---------------------I n c e n t i v e -----— ------------ ------P a s te r s , b a c k e rs, o r fitte rs ,
u p p e r , h a n d —------------ — ------T i m e ----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ---------------------------S k i v e r s , m a c h in e , u p p e r s o r
l i n i n g s ------------------------------—
I n c e n tiv e —- — — --------------T o p s t i t c h e r s ( a ll in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------V a m p e r s --------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------—— —
L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h in e
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) -----------------

_

1

_

1

_

_

-

-

1

3
3

“

“

“

"

“

1

!
1
_
_

_

_
-

_
_

-

-

2
4
4

11
11

9
9

33
33

28
28

22
22

16
16

12
12

8
8

4
4

7

4

6

-

2

5

-

4

6
6

3

7

3

6

2

5

2
2

.
-

_
-

1

5
5

4
4

4
4

8
8

_

_
-

1
1

_

-

2
2

20
3
3

16
6
6

19
3
3

25
6
6

26
4
4

20
8
8

4
10
10

8
4
4

11
4
4

2

-

-

1

‘

-

‘

-

7

I

3

3

4
2

-

-

-

2

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

-

27
24
3

6
3
3

4
4

27
27
22
22

15
12
3
3

10
10
2
2

7
7
2
2

"

3
15

6
10

2
11

3

2

“
_

1
1

1

-

-

‘

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1

_

_

-

-

_

3
3

1
_
"

1
1

_
"

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2
2

3

1

_

_

_

2

-

-

3

1

■

■

"

"

"

■

“

"

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2

-

_

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
H e e l a tt a c h e r s , m a c h in e
( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ------- ------ —
S h a n k e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) —
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s
( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----------------F i n is h i n g
R e p a i r e r s ------------- -------- -— ------------T i m e -------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ---------------------------—

-

M is c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r g i r l s -------------------------------------T i m e — ------------------------------—------I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) --------------- —
T i m e --------------------------------------------

1

1
1

_

-

S e l e c t e d o f fic e
o c c u p a tio n s —w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ------------------- 1

“

1
2

1

1

2
2
2
2

2
2

.
-

-

1

"

"

"

■

“

“

S o u t h e a s t e r n N e w H a m p s h ir e c o n s is t s o f th e a r e a e x te n d in g s o u th f r o m F a r m i n g to n a n d P i t t s f i e l d a n d e a s t f r o m M a n c h e s t e r a n d N a s h u a , N .H .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s . A p p r o x im a te ly 75 p e r c e n t o f th e p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y th e s tu d y w e r e p a id on a n in c e n tiv e b a s is .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c la s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 2 a t $ 4 .8 0 to $ 5 ; 2 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 2 0 ; 1 a t $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0 ; 1 a t $ 5 . 4 0 to $ 5 . 6 0 ; 2 a t $ 5 . 6 0 to $ 5 . 8 0 ; 1 a t $ 5 . 8 0 to $6 a n d 2 a t $ 6 .2 0 a n d o v e r .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 4 a t $ 4 .8 0 to $ 5 ; 4 a t $ 5 to 5 .2 0 ; 4 a t $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0 ; 2 a t $ 5 . 4 0 to $ 5 . 6 0 ; 5 a t $ 5 . 6 0 to $ 5 . 8 0 ; 4 a t $ 5 . 8 0 to $ 6 ; 2 a t $6 to $ 6.20 a n d 3 a t $ 6.20
and o v e r.
1
2
3
4
5




T a b le 29. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem en t-p rocess (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — N ew Y o rk , N.Y.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)

94
82

120

66

108
12

63
3

2
2

5
3

_

2

2

_

■

7
7

4
4

10
8

-

2

-

2
2

2
2
2
2

93
82

8

11

4 . 31
4 . 38

2
2

2
2

4
2

77
71

4 . 57
4 . 57

2
2

4
4

30
26

3 .4 4
3. 48

.
-

.
•

-

12
12

2
2

37
31
46
28

4 . 19
4 . 56
3 .9 3
4 . 28

.

_

.

12
10

4.
4.
4.
4.

-

44
25
19

33
6

27

108
52
56

76
49
27

107
37
70

59
36
23

54
26

28

94
59
35

69
46
23

10

69
50
19

126
115

83
81

11

78
78
_

88

2

5

41
41
_

49
49
_

_

6
6

8
8

4
4

_

-

2
2

8
6

9
9

9
7

14
14

6
6

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

4
4
_

4
4
_

2
2

4
4

6
6

2
2

_

2
2
2
2

5
5
3
3

2
2

4
4

7
7

_
_

2
2
2
2

2
2
6

2
2

-

2
2

-

- j

-

4

_

2
2
2
2

2
2

2
2

4
4

30
13
17

53
43

112
101
11

84
76

$ 3 .4 2
3 .6 6
2 .6 1

87
64
23

12

151
119
32

2 ,0 7 3
1 ,5 8 9
484

37
29

A l l p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ________ . . . . .

o
o

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
A v e ra g e
$ 2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.40 $5.80
$1.90 $1.95
h o u r ly
Of
and
w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s ' $1.90 a n d
under
$1.95 $2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $ 3 .20 $3 .4 0 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.40 $5.80 o v e r
*L

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

93

_

42

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s—- m e n
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in in g , m a c h i n e
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,

______ ___

I n c e n tiv e

________________________
F ittin g

P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r f itte r s ,
y p p ^ T j ViflnH
_ ___ _ _
I n c e n tiv e ________________________
S k iv e rs , m a c h in e , u p p e rs o r
lin in g s
_
_ _____________ ___
I n c e n tiv e ________________________
T o p s titc h e r s .
__________

-

-

_

_

_

2
2

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

*

.
_

.
_

_
_

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

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2

-

-

•

-

-

-

_

_
_

_

2
2

3
_

3
_

14

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

3
3

_

_

6

-

6
2

4

2

L a s ti n g
B e d - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -----------------I n c e n tiv e --- -------------------------------P u 11ftyB T-nn?',*'’T e o p e r a t o r s
'
I n c e n tiv e ___________________ ___ _
T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r
s e m i a u t o m a t i c ------------------------------I n c e n tiv e .
_ _

23
17

19
37
17
29

6

13

4 . 94

17
18
13
21

3. 94
3 .9 9
4 . 35
3. 84

*

*

14

4 . 02

-

*

9

3. 34

-

11

4 .8 2
4 .0 6
5. 07

.

_

_

4 . 75
5 .6 3

9

_
2

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
E d g e t r i m m e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o rk e rs)
. _ _______ ________
H e e l a tta c h e r s , m a c h in e
(g ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) _______ ___
R o u g h r o u n d e r s ------------------------------I n c e n tiv e __ ______ __ __________
S h a n k e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) —
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----------------

4
-

-

*
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

.

-

_

2

2
2

*

• 2

-

*

*

-

-

-

.

.

.

-

-

•

.

_

•

*

•
3

-

.

-

_

_
4

-

2

53

2
2

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
2

-

2

-

4

2

-

-

“

■

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

_

-

7
_

2

_

* 13
13

4

6

-

-

-

2

4

-

2

-

4

-

_

-

4

_
_

■

_

-

3

-

_

3

_

-

2

_
_

2

2

"

2
2

2

-

-

-

_

5
-

2

-

_
3
3
-

-

3

-

_

-

-

8
2
2

-

F i n is h i n g
B o tto m s c o u r e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) _ _______ ________ ________
E d g e s e t t e r s ( a l l i n c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s) llT._ ___________
R e p a ire rs
_ _ _____ __

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




49
29

8

2

2
2

2
2

2
2

_

4
4

_

2
2

_

2
2

T a b le 29. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s ce m e n t-p ro ce ss (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — N ew Y ork, N .Y .1
---- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
A v erag e
"$1790 1TT95 $ 2.00 l E T o $ 2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $ 2 .80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.40 $5.80
h o u r ly rfrid<*r
of
and
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s 2
$1.90 u n d e r
$1.95 $ 2.00 $2.10 $ 2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2,70 $2.80 $ 2.90 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $ 3 .60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.40 $5.80 o v e r

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
oc c u p a tio n s — e n r —
m
C o n tin u e d
M is c e ll a n e o u s
T n ap A rM ra ^rrnw n«»rfi|
I n c e n tiv e __ _______ ___________ ___
J a n i t o r s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ________

20
12
8

14

$3. 10
2 .9 1
3. 38
2. 34

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4
4

2
2

_

2
2

4

-

-

-

3

2 .9 8
2 .6 5
3. 28

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
_

34

2. 32
2. 17
2 .8 5

12
10
2

10

3 .4 1

-

6

2

_
_

3
3

2
2

_

6
2

_

4

3

_
_

2
2

_

_

4

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
F i tt in g
P a s te r s , b a c k e rs, o r fitte rs ,
u p p e r , h a n d _______________________
T i m e ____ __ _________________ __ __
I n c e n t iv e _______ - ________________

19
9
10

_
-

_
_

_
_
-

_
_

6
2

_

_

4

2
2

-

4

-

-

4

7

3

3

7

2
2

4

M is c e ll a n e o u s
F lo o r g ir ls

..................

T im e
_
_ _ _ _ _
I n c e n tiv e __- _____________________

154
120

18
18

7
7

23
23

13

26

14

11
2

22

10

4

4

8
6
2

5
5

4

2

-

5

3

3

3

3

-

-

-

-

3

3

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

4

S e l e c t e d o f fic e
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _____________________

6

1 T h e N ew Y o rk S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f N ew Y o rk C ity (B ro n x , K in g s , N ew Y o rk , Q u e e n s , a n d R ic h m o n d C o u n tie s ) a n d N a s s a u , R o c k la n d S uffo lk a n d W e s tc h e s te r
C o u n tie s , N .Y .
’
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s . A p p r o x im a te ly 63 p e r c e n t o f th e p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y th e s tu d y w e r e p a id on a n in c e n tiv e b a s is .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c la s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
4 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 6 . 20 to $ 6 . 60.
5 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 5 . 80 to $ 6 . 20.
6 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 2 a t $ 5 . 80 to $ 6 . 20; 8 a t $ 6 . 20 to $ 6 . 60; a n d 3 a t $ 6 . 60 a n d o v e r .




T a b le 30. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s ce m e n t-p ro ce ss (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — A rk a n s a s
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
A v erag e
$1.60 $1.65 W 7 0 W 7 5 $ r e o $1785 ^1790 ^ 1 7 9 5 $2.00 $ 2 .10 $2.20 $ 0 0 $2.40 $ 2 .50 $2 .6 0 $2.70 $2780 $2.90 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3780 $3780 $4.00 $4.20 $4.46
h o u r ly
of
and
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s 1 u n d e r
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $ 1 .90 $ 1 .95 $ 2 .0 0 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $ 2 A 0 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.4Q o v e r
300
48
252

87
14
73

168
28
140

154
38
116

120
11
109

184
46
138

124
40
84

86
6
80

264
34
230

177
52
125

130
35
95

2 ,9 6 2
860
2 ,1 0 2

$ 2 .2 7
2 . 58
2. 15

40

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s _____________

3 .4 8

21
18
16

2. 86
2 .8 9
2 .5 5

4

-

o
14
44
43

3. 74
3. 18
3 .0 5
3. 04

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
-

_
1
1

_
-

1
3
3

9
14
1x
14
34

3. 27
3. 25
2. 50
2 .4 4
2 .5 3

1

_
1
_
_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
_
3
1

_
1
_
1
6

_
1
1
2

6

2 .6 5

24
7
17
35

2. 03
1 .9 7
1 .8 6
2 .6 5

18
14

2. 19
2. 20

147
40
107

118
15
103

136
48
88

118
48
70

139
48
91

103
64
39

94
55
39

54
32
22

114
73
41

52
37
15

32
22
10

6
6

7
2
5

4
4

3

44
14
30

3

5

5

7

5

1

2

3

-

2

1
1
“

4
4
2

“

“

2
2
“

-

-

2

2
-

-

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — e n
m
C u ttin g 2
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,

1

2

2

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r ,
m a c h i n e ____________________________
I n c e n tiv e — ______________________
H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s 2 ________________
P u llin g a n d la s ti n g - m a c h in e o p e r a f n r < fn p fn h a ll ^
1
P u l l o v e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 2______
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e 2 4 ----------------S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t in g ___________

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1

“
1
4
4
4

2
9
9

1
1
1

_
5
4

_
15
15

3
“

_
-

_ !
-

1

-

-

1
4

1

1
1

-

2

- i
1

-

*3
1

1
-

4

2
3

2

2
4

-

-

-

"

-

-

3

4
4
“
2

-

2

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

• -

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

_

2
2
1

1
1
3

2

_
-

_
1
1

_
3
3

_
1
1

1
1

-

_
1
1

3
_
_
1

_
5

2

-

-

-

-

3.4

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g 2
E d g e t r i m m e r s -------- ------ ------------- —
H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e ----------------RmigVi ro u n d e r a
,
Sha n ice r r
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s ___

!
-

_
1

-

-

_
_
1

1

_
_
3

1
1

-

-

2
1

_
1

_
2

2

F i n is h i n g 2
B o tto m s c o u r e r s ------------------------------

3

1

i
!

M is c e ll a n e o u s
.

,

£

I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) 7 ----------------J a n i t o r s 4 _ _________ ______________________
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e 6 ---------------

1

10
2
1

1

-

-

6
-

3
1
7
1

-

2
4

2

-

1

2
3

3

-

-

1

4

7

_

3
3

1

_

_

_

_

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_

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-

2
2

1

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

2
2

1
1

•

_

_

_
_

_

-

-

_

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

5
4

_

_

_

_

_
_

1
1

_
_

6
2

2

2

6

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s —w o m e n
C u ttin g 2
C u tte r

r

,

l in in g , m a c h in e 4

______ __

L e a th e r ____________________________________
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h i n e 4 ____ _____ ___________________ _____
T .eath er _ _ _________ ___

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




25
23

2 .4 8
2 .4 2

_
_

2
1

7
7

1
1

_

_

-

2
2

_

_

3
3

2

2
2

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

T a b le 30. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem en t-p rocess (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — A r k a n s a s --- Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s . A p p r o x im a te ly 83 p e r c e n t o f t h e p r o d u c tio n w o r k e 'rs c o v e r e d b y t h e s tu d y w e r e p a id o n a n in c e n tiv e b a s i s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e p a id o n a n in c e n t iv e b a s i s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 2 a t $ 4 . 60 to $ 4 . 80; a n d 2 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 20.
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to t h o s e show n s e p a r a te l y .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 . 60.
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e p a id o n a t im e b a s i s .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n o f s e p a r a te a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t, p r e d o m in a n tly t im e w o r k e r s .




T a b le 31.

O c c u p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s ce m e n t-p ro ce ss (conventional-lasted ) s h o e s — M iss o u ri

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
A v erag e
$3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80
h o u r ly $ 1 .60 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1 .8 5 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80
of
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s 1
and
$ 1 .65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1 .9 0 $2.00 $2.10 $ 2 .20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2,60 $2.70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.29 $3 .,ia $3,69 ,13.89

$4,29 $4.40 J 4 .6 Q J 4 , 8 0

87
47
40

55
20
35

35
20
15

35
25
10

_

197
14
183

237
31
206

200
25
175

344
83
261

417
70
347

535
156
379

337
79
258

362
48
314

324
74
250

282
92
190

313
114
199

281
82
199

451
135
316

297
129
168

166
60
106

_

_

_
_
_

2
2

3
2

_

_
_

_

-

1
1
1
1

3
1
2
1
2
2

_
_
_
2
2

_
_
_
1
-

3
3
3
3
_

1
_
1
■

5
5
4
4
“

4
4
4
4
2

4
4
2
2

2
2
2
2
2

4
4
4
4
2
2

1
1
1
1
“

_
_
2
2

_
_
3
3

_
_
1

1

4
2
4
2
1
1

_

_

_

_

2
2

4
4

7
6

4
4

9
7

3
3

8
7

8
6

2
2

10
10

3
3

1
1

2
2

_
_

3
2

1
1

1
1

_
_

2
2

7
7

_
_

_
_

3
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

2

"

"

5

1

1

5

2

1

-

6

$2. 51
2. 77
2 .4 1

297
42
255

67
11
56

89
21
68

41
35
30
25
22
19

2. 60
2. 62
2. 80
2 .8 4
3 .4 0
3. 50

4
4
1
1

_
_
.

70
64

3. 35
3. 37

_

_
_

_

_

_

2
2

_

28
27

2. 82
2. 84

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

3. 55

"

-

1

-

5

1

9

3. 52

124

_________ -

5 ,8 9 3
1 ,5 8 9
4 , 304

65

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s

3. 10

4

16
23
22
14
63
62

2. 92
2. 29
2. 30
2 .4 6
2. 83
2. 83

_
1
1
1
1

9

3. 17

14
10
39

2. 51
2 . 30
2 .0 6

4

-

35

2. 94

“

"

152
60
92

M J iS L

242
95
147

15
_

1
5

over
76
56
20

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s— m e n
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin i n g , m a c h i n e 2 _________
I n c e n t iv e _______________________
C u t te r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , h a n d ..
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h in e ( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) 2._
I-p flth e r
_ _

1

1

_
_

_
_
-

-

-

“

2
2

1
1

4
4

1
1

2
2

3
3

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

1

1
1

L a s ti n g
ls v s te rs
|n r « n tiv A
P u l li n g a n d la s t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a ­
t o r s , t o e to b a ll ( a l l in c e n t iv e
P u llo v e r-m a c h in e o p e r a to r s (a ll
in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ------------------------S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e , s ta p l e o r
t a c k l a s t in g ( a l l i n c e n t iv e

1

■

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i

2

2

2

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_
_

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2
2
-

1
1
1
-

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2
2
-

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2
1
1
1
1

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1
1
2
3
3

3

2

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5

8

5

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_

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3
2
2
2
2

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1
1
1
1
1

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2
2
2
2

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2
2
3
1

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3
3
1
1

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2
2
3
12
12

1

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2
2

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6
6

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8
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4

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B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
E d g e t r i m m e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) _______ . . . __________ _
H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e ----------------I n c e n tiv e -------------------------- ----------S h a n k e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ---S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s ---I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------------------

-

1
1

-

3
3

1

-

1
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

F i n is h i n g
E d g e s e t t e r s ( a l l i n c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ________________________

M is c e ll a n e o u s
In s p e c to rs (c ro w n e rs)

----------------------

J a n i t o r s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------------M e c h a n ic s , m a i n t e n a n c e ( a l l
t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------------------------S e e f o o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




-

-

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1

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2

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1
4

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1

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1

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19

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■

T a b le 31.

O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s ce m e n t-p ro ce ss (conventional-lasted) s h o e s — M iss o u ri---- C o n tin u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n s

*1.60 *1.65 *1.70 *1.75 *1.80 *1.85 *1.90 *2 .0 0 * 2 .10 $2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 * 2 .6 0 $2.70 * 2 .8 0 $3.00 *3.20 $3.40 $3.60 *3.80 *4.00 *4.20 * 4 ^ J0 *4.60 *4.80
of
h o u r ly
and
w o r k e r s e a r n i n g s 1u n d e r
$ 1 .6 5 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1-90 $2.00 $2 .1 0 $2.20 $2.30 $ 2 .40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 o v e r

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , lin in g , m a c h i n e . __________
I n c e n t iv e _______________ ___ ___
L e a t h e r ____________________ _____
I n c e n tiv e _____________________
S y n th e tic s
____
_ __ _______
I n c e n tiv e _________
________
C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h i n e ( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) .__
L e a t h e r __________________________

67
61
58
53
9
8

$2. 77
2. 80
2. 76
2. 78
2 .8 7
2 .9 7

2
2
1
1
1
1

.
.
-

3
2
3
2
-

6
4
6
4
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2
2
2
2
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-

1
1
1
1
-

1
1
1
1
-

5
4
2
2
3
2

5
5
5
5
_
_

1
1
1
1
_
_

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2
2
2
2
_
.

4
4
3
3
1
1

4
4
4
4
_
_

9
9
9
9
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

2
2
1
1
1
1

2
2
1
1
1
1

2
1
1
_
1
1

95
87
8

3. 03
3. 03
2. 94

.
.

-

.

1
_

2
2

1
1

.
-

2
2

2
2

4
4

5
5

9
9

4
3

4
4

5
4

5
4
1

13
12

10
9
1

6
6

293
288

2. 36
2. 37

21
21

2
2

5
5

13
13

13
13

20
20

18
18

14
14

28
25

15
14

20
20

15
15

18
18

15
15

19
18

18
18

15
15

9
9

221
205

2. 31
2. 35

6
6

5
4

1
1

10
9

14
12

12
12

27
17

23
23

21
19

12
12

12
12

9
9

8
8

16
16

14
14

6
6

10
10

94
92
240
234
63

2 .2 9
2. 30
2 .4 1
2 .4 2
2 .2 2

5
4
23
23
5

3
3
2
2
2

2
2
5
5
2

3
3
17
17
3

7
7
14
14
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8
8
8
8
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10
9
12
12
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7
7
19
18
7

3
4
3
4
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22
17 ! 11
5
8

6
6
10
10
5

9
9
11
11
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4
6
6
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10
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4
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19
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2. 54

1

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8

2. 69
2 .6 3

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2

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2
2
2
2

3
3
2
2

F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s ______________________
I n c e n t iv e ________________________
P a s te r s , b a c k e rs, o r fitte rs ,
u p p e r , h a n d ----------------------------------- I n c e n tiv e ______ __________________
S k iv e rs , m a c h in e , u p p e rs o r
l in i n g s ______________________________
I n c e n tiv e ________________________
T o p s t i t c h e r s _______________________
I n c e n tiv e ________________________
V a m p e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ___

3

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h in e
( a l l i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) ___________
P u llin g a n d la s ti n g - m a c h in e o p e r a ­
t o r s , toft to h a ll
I n c e n t iv e ________________________ _

3

2

-

-

-

1

1
_
2
2

_
2
2
1
1

_
_

1
1

_
1
1
4
4

_
_

.

_
_

_

_
_

1
1

_
_

_
_

_

1

-

-

-

1

_

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
B o tto m f i l l e r s _______________________
I n c e n tiv e ________________________
E d g e t r i m m e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ____________ ___________ . . .
H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e ____. . . ____
I n c e n tiv e _
S h a n k e r s _____ ______________________
I n c e n tiv e __________ ____________ _
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s
( a l l i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) . . . _____ . . . .

6
11
8
14
13

3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

72
35
44
35
37

_

.

.

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.

2
2

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.

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.

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.

10

2. 76

-

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2

-

1

2.
2.
3.
2.

1
1

.

.

.

1

3
3

3
2

2

6
6

3

2

7

9

16

11

4

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1

1

2

1

3

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1

3
5

3
7

2
6

7
27

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10

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12

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5

4
2

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6

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1

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8
4

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5
1
4
7

3

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2

9
7
2
12

8

_

F in is h i n g
R e p a i r e r s __________________________
T i m e _____________________________
I n c e n tiv e
________
_ _ __
T r e e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ____

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




102
20
82
131

94
09
15
70

3

8

6

2
7

1

-

T a b le 31. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem en t-p ro cess (conventional-lasted) sh o e s— M is s o u ri---- C o n tin u ed
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r A v e r a g e $ 1 .60
T O
h o u r ly
of
and
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s 1 u n d e r

$27T0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0

T L 7 0 $1775 $1780 TPT785 $ 1 .90

$ 2 .5 0 $2.60 $277U $2.80 $ 3 .0 0 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80
and

$ 1 .6 5 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $1.85 $1.90 $ 2 .00 $2 .1 0 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $ 2 .50 $2 .6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 o v e r
S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u o a tio n s —w orn e rr—
C o n tin u e d
M i s c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r g i r l s -- --------------------------------- —
T im e

_

_____

I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) ------- . . . ------T i m e ... .
_ _ _ - _ ____

60
59
91
52

$2. 16
2. 15
2 .2 6
2. 09

_
_
2
_

_
_
_
_

2
2
2
2

_
_
1
1

_
_
_

32
19
7
11

2. 23
2 .2 9
2. 39
2. 19

_
“

_
“

_
“

_
“

2
-

6
6
8
8

3
3
8
8

21
21
33
26

15
15
13
7

3
3
4

4
4
2

1
1
5

_

_

-

1

3

1

4

4

1

.

_

1
"

1
2

7
2
3

3
1
2

7
6
1

7
3
1
1

4
4
2
1

1
1
1
1

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

4
4
_

S e l e c t e d o f fic e
o c c u p a tio n s— w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ------------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ____________________
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l -----------------T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ----------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

’

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,a n d la te s h if t s . A p p r o x im a te ly 77 p e r c e n t o f t h e p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y th e s tu d y w e r e p a id on a n i n c e n tiv e b a s i s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 1 a t $ 4 . 80 to $ 5 ; 3 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 20; 2 a t $ 5 . 20 t o $ 5 . 40 ; 3 a t $ 5 . 40 to $ 5 . 60; a n d 2 a t $ 5 . 60 a n d o v e r




-

T a b le 32. O ccupational earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-process (conventional-lasted) sh o e s— L o s A n g e le s — Long B each, Calif.
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N u m b e r A v erag e
$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $2. 10 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0
of
h o u r ly
and
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s 2 u n d e r
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 £ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $2. 10 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 o v e r

C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h in e ( a ll i n c e n t i v e ------------------w o r k e r s ) ----------------------------------------L e a t h e r —-------------------------------------

$ 2 .4 0
2 .6 8
2. 12

4
4
-

156
21
135

9
5
4

203
70
133

25
14
11

65
27
38

48
19
29

51
9
42

141
45
96

63
23
40

114
53
61

69
39
30

32
19
13

63
45
18

52
35
17

57
24
33

54
30
24

44
35
9

68
50
18

56
45
11

48
38
10

44
34
10

14
11
3

22
20
2

24
24
-

16
16
-

11
9

3 .1 6
3 .2 8

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

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1

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3
2

3
3

1
1

2
2

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3 44

48
47

3 .4 4
3 .4 2

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4

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1

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4

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3

4
4

5
5

3
3

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5

2
2

9
8

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1

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69
50

2 .8 2
3 .0 7

_

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3

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6

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13

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1

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7

2
2

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7

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4

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10

I n c e n t i v e ------- —
—------------------------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,

1 ,5 4 2
755
787

13

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s —m e n
C u ttin g

2 .8 5

12
7

3 .2 6
2 .9 6

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3 .1 0

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F ittin g

01

(0

F a n c y s t i t c h e r s ------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------S k i v e r s , m a c h in e , u p p e r s o r
T o p s t i t c h e r s ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) —-------— ------------------------V a m p e r s ( a ll i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) —

"

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

L a s ti n g
H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s ------ — — — ----------S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h in e
( a l l i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) -------- ------- —
T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r
s e m i a u to m a ti c — ---------------------- -----

3 1A

9

3 .0 1

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

l

3 .4 7
3 50

3

1

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
E d g e t r i m m e r s --------------------------------T im e — — — —— ——------- -----------—
H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e ---------------S h a n k e r s 3 b -------------------------------------S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s ----I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------------

7
6
10
g
6
15
13

2 .3 1
2 .0 1
3. 10
3. 30
2 ! 21
3 .0 4
3. 15

_
-

9

2 .0 8

-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

2
2
_

1
_

_
_

1
_

1
1
-

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

'

1
1
_

_
_
_

1
_

1
_

_
_
_

_
1

_
_
1

1
1
_

_
_
_

1
_

_
_

_
_

M is c e ll a n e o u s
J a n i t o r s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------------S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




-

-

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

4

_

_

l

_
_

_
3

1
1

_
_
1

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

2
2

1
-

_

_

-

-

1
1

_

_

_
_
1

1
1

_

-

-

_

1
l

1
1

_

-

T a b le 32. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: W o m e n ’s cem ent-process (conventional-lasted) sh o e s — L o s A n g e le s — Long B each, Calif.-— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)
2

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N u m b e r A v e ra g e
$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $2. 10 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0
h o u r ly
of
and
a nd
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s 2 u n d e r
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $2. 10 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 o v e r

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n — w o m e n
F ittin g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s 4 — ------—-----—
P a s te rs , b a c k e rs, o r fitte rs ,
u p p e r , h a n d -------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------s k i v e r s , m a c h in e , u p p e r s o r
l in i n g s ------—-------------------- -----T o p s t i t c h e r s ( a ll in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ------------- ---- — ------

20

2 . 12
1 .9 0
2 .8 7

12
11

2 .6 1
2 .6 4

11

2 .9 5

_

_

-

5
5
-

7

3

3
3
"

_

_

3

-

3

1

2

2

-

-

_

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

“

3

-

3

1

2

2

"

"

3

"

_

_

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

*

1
1

-

-

4
4

_

-

2
2

_

-

2
1

-

-

-

-

1

2

2

1

-

3

1

4

.

.

_

1

.

.

.

7
7
-

12
12

_

_

-

-

-

-

11
10

-

1
1
"

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

9
9

5
5

1

2

i
-

-

39
32

2 .2 5
2 .1 0

1
“

1

"

3
3

”

"

2
2

“

9
9

7
7

3
3

6
6

1
2
3
4

"

"

-

-

"

"

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

“
-

1

'

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

I

7
14

1
3

2. 13
2 .0 6
'

S e l e c t e d o f fic e
o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C le rk s , p a y ro ll ■

1

-

“
-

-

1

M is c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r g i r l s ( a l l t im e w o r k e r s )
I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) 3 a -------

-

-

i

F i n is h i n g
R e p a ire rs T im e —

3

1

1
3
2
1

$ 2 .6 1

70
54
16

11

2 .7 1

2

1
3

2
1

2
2

1

1

1

‘

1

-

_

1

1

2

2

1

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

T h e L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f L o s A n g e le s C o u n ty .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
A p p r o x i m a t e l y 60 p e r c e n t o f th e p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y th e s tu d y w e r e p a id o n a tim e b a s i s .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b l ic a ti o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m in a n tly in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s p a id u n d e r tim e a n d i n c e n t iv e s y s t e m s w e r e d iv id e d e q u a lly .







T a b le 33. O ccu pa tion a l earnings: M is s e s ’ and ch ild ren ’s ce m e n t-p ro ce s s (conventional-lasted)
s h o e s — all establishm ents
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d M id d le W e st r e g io n , M a r c h 1971)
U n ite d S ta te s 2
D e p a r tm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M ean

M e d ia n

122
65
57
74
43
31
48
286
168
118
260
152
108

$ 2 . 64
2 .6 3
2. 64
2. 86
2 .6 8
3. 11
2. 29
3. 05
3. 42
2 .5 1
3. 04
3. 42
2. 49

$ 2 . 36
2. 35
2 .5 2
2. 52
2. 30
2. 67
2. 16
2 .9 3
3. 45
2 .3 3
2 .9 6
3 .5 0
2. 25

2. 29
2. 13

M id d le W e st

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

3 .0 7
3 .0 8
2 .9 1
3 .6 1
3 .4 6
3 .7 1
2 .6 9
3. 82
4 . 09
2 .9 0
3. 86
4 . 10
2 .9 2

34
14
20
26
9
17
8
82
59
23
80
57
23

$ 2 . 94
3. 26
2 .7 1
2 .9 2
3 .2 5
2 .7 5
2 .9 8
3 .6 3
3. 79
3. 20
3. 66
3. 84
3. 20

$ 2 .9 8
_
2 .7 3
2 .9 8

$ 2 . 1 4 -$ 3 .4 8
_
_
2. 04— 3. 15
2 . 0 8 - 3. 48
_
2 . 0 7 - 3. 34
_
2 . 8 5 - 4 .2 1
3. 24— 4 . 54
2. 6 4 - 3 .7 5
2 . 9 5 - 4 . 24
3. 2 9 - 4 .5 5
2. 64— 3 .7 5

2 .2 5

1 . 8 0 - 2 .6 3

129

2. 34

2. 28

1 .8 9 -

2. 64

1 .9 4

1 .7 5 -

2 .4 2

97

2 .2 5

2. 08

1 .7 5 -

2. 57

2. 31
2. 38
2 .2 6

2. 25
2. 24
2. 18

1 . 9 1 - 2 .6 6
1 . 8 5 - 2 .7 3
1 . 8 5 - 2 .5 2

56
79
85

2 .2 8
2. 38
2. 33

2 .3 1
2 .2 5
2 .2 3

1 .9 1 1 .9 3 1 .9 4 -

2 .5 9
2 .7 2
2 .5 5

2.
2.
2.
2.

45
67
24
68

2. 13
2 .6 7
2. 07
2 .6 0

1 . 8 0 - 3. 10
1 . 8 2 - 3 .2 3
1 . 7 8 - 2 . 36
2. 0 9 - 3. 12

43
26
17
13

2 .6 5
2. 77
2. 48
2. 54

2 .6 7
2. 74
2. 33

1 .8 5 2 .0 0 1 .8 0 -

3. 32
3 .2 6
3. 36

2. 79
2 .7 9
2 .8 3
3 .0 1

2 .5 8
2 .5 8
2 .5 8
3. 02

2. 3 5 2. 34—
1 .8 5 2. 3 3 -

3. 37
3. 37
3 .4 2
3 .6 8

28
26
14
41

2 .7 5
2. 73
3. 00
3. 28

2 .8 5
2. 74
3 .2 0

2. 86— 3 .6 0

3. 37
2 .8 1

3 .3 1
2. 66

2. 8 2 - 4 . 04
2 . 2 7 - 3 .2 2

24
17

3. 54
2 .9 2

3. 31
2 .9 5

3. 1 1 - 4 . 09
2 . 4 9 - 3. 22

2 . 80

2 .7 2

2. 3 2 -

3 .2 8

12

3 .5 3

M id d le r a n g e

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in i n g , m a c h i n e ----------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------L e a t h e r ------ ------------------------------------------------- M e n ---------------------- -------------------------------------W om en —— ———— —— — — — — — — —— —
S y n th e tic s (22 m e n , 26 w om en)---------------------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e , m a c h i n e 3 ------—
M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------ --------- ---------------------------L e a t h e r ----------------------------------------------------------M e n ____ ____ __ — —— ____________ _______
W o m e n --------------------------------------------------------

$ 1 .9 1 - $
1 .9 8 1. 86—
2. 0 3 1 .9 3 2. 1 8 1 .8 1 2. 1 3 2 . 66—
1 .7 5 2. 0 7 2 .7 2 1 .7 3 -

2 .6 7
3. 64
3. 80
3. 10
3 .6 6
3 .8 1
3. 10

F i tt in g
560
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s (3 m e n , 557 w o m e n )----------------P a s t e r s , b a c k e r s , o r f it te r s , u p p e r, hand
326
( a l l w o m en )------------------ --------- --------- ------- -------S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r lin in g s
148
( a l l w o m en )---------------------------------------------- -------T o p s t i t c h e r s ( a l l w o m en )----------------------------------356
V a m p e r s ( a l l w o m e n ) ----------------------------------------------------------250
L a s tin g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h i n e -----------------------M e n -___—
__ ——— _______ _________
_—

118
59
59
H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s (4 4 m e n , 9 w o m e n ) ---------------------- 53
P u llin g a n d l a s t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s
(73 m e n , 4 w o m e n ) ---------------------------------------—--------------- 77
T o e to b a ll (71 m e n , 4 w om en) -------------------------------75
25
P u l l o v e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ( a ll m e n ) —— ----------134
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e (113 m e n , 21 w o m e n ) -----S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t in g
(46 m e n , 2 w o m e n ) --------------------------------------------------48
86
C e m e n t l a s t i n g (67 m e n , 19 w o m e n )—
--------------T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m ia u to m a tic )
(68 m e n , 6 w o m e n ) ------------------ -----------------------------74
——
Wnmpri _ _ _
_ _

__ _ _ _ __ _
__ _ _ _ __
__

_ __
_ _

_

_

_

_

1 .8 9 1 .8 7 _

-

3 .4 9
3 .5 5
_

-

-

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
80
E d g e t r i m m e r s (65 m e n , 15 w om en) ---------------------3.
H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h in e
2.
(27 m e n , 17 w o m e n ) ---------------------------------------------------------44
R o u g h r o u n d e r s (36 m e n , 10 w o m e n ) -------------------46
2.
S h a n k e r s (1 4 m e n , 2 4 w o m e n ) --------------------------------------2.
38
S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s _ _ _ ______________ 131
_ _ _
2.
M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3.
88
W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2.
43

35

3. 05

2. 3 0 - 4 . 07

25

3. 13

3. 16

26
34
30
80
06
25

2 . 12
2 .2 3
2. 12
2 .7 0
3 .0 1
2. 19

1 .7 7 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 2. 1 5 2. 4 7 1 .7 5 -

2 . 39
2 . 74
2 .5 7
3 .2 0
3 .4 7
2 .6 7

8
14
8
34
17
17

2 .6 1
2. 30
2 .5 0
2. 86
3. 10
2 .6 1

_
_
_

2 .7 7
3 .2 7
2. 56

2 .4 5 2 .7 0 2 .4 0 -

R e p a i r e r s ( a l l w o m e n )--------------------------------- --- --------154
2. 16
T r e e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 30
190
2.
W o m e n -------—
------------ -------------------------------------—
2. 23
171

2. 06
2. 11
2. 09

1 . 8 0 - 2 .4 5
1 . 8 0 - 2 .6 0
1 . 8 0 - 2 .5 2

35
51
43

2 .5 3
2 .6 5
2. 54

2. 45
2 .4 4
2. 36

2. 1 9 - 2 .8 1
2. 1 1 - 3. 13
2. 0 7 - 2. 98

2 .6 5 -

3 .5 3

_

_
_
_

_

3 .2 3
3. 54
2 .7 8

F i n is h in g

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f table,




T a b le 3 3. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M is s e s ’ and ch ild ren ’s ce m e n t-p ro ce s s (conventional-lasted)
s h o e s — all esta b lish m e n ts— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s . U n ite d S ta te s a n d M id d le W e st r e g i o n , M a r c h 1971)
M id d le W e st

U n ite d S ta te s 2
D e p a r t m e n t , o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

N um ber
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

142
107
170
49
121
79
69

$ 2 . 06
2. 08
2 . 19
2 . 22
2 . 18
1 .9 0
2 .7 3

$ 2 . 12
2. 12
2. 16
2. 17
2 . 16
1 .9 5
2 .6 8

$ 1 .9 0 -$
1 .9 1 1 .9 0 2 .1 0 1 .8 5 1 .7 0 2 .3 5 -

73
50
17

2 .0 3
2 . 24
2. 30

2 . 00
2 . 26
2. 23

w o rk e rs

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s — C o n tin u e d
M is c e lla n e o u s
F l o o r boy?8 ( o r gi t ! ) __ -

- _- ____ - _- __- __ _

I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) ----------------------------------------------_■■■■■■M »■■■■■■■¥!M

J a n i t o r 0 (a l l m ° n )
- _ ___■-r-.ir.M-r_
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ( a l l m e n ) -----------------------

2 . 25
2 .2 5
2 .2 9
2 . 24
2 .3 3
2 . 12
3 .1 0

31
26
56
10
46
20
18

$ 2 . 13
2. 17
2. 31
2. 40
2. 29
2. 00
2 .9 5

$ 2 . 12
2. 12
2. 16
2. 16
1 .9 8
2 .7 5

1 . 7 8 - 2 .2 1
2 . 0 0 - 2 .4 4
1 . 9 0 - 2 .3 6

19
13
7

2. 08
2. 25
2. 63

2. 06
-

$ 2 . 0 9 -$
2. 1 2 2 .0 0 2 .0 0 1 .8 9 2 .5 8 -

2. 31
2. 31
2 .5 3
2 .6 7
2 .1 2
3 .3 2

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a tio n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ( a l l w o m e n ) ----------------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ( a l l w o m e n ). ----------------------------------S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ( a l l w o m e n ) ------------------

1 . 7 9 - 2 .3 6
-

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
S e e a p p e n d ix A f o r m e th o d u s e d to c o m p u te m e a n s ,
m e d i a n s , a n d m id d le r a n g e s o f e a r n i n g s .
M e d ia n s a n d m id d le r a n g e s a r e n o t p r o v id e d f o r jo b s w ith f e w e r th a n 15 w o r k e r s in a r e g io n .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to M id d le W e st.
* I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s if i c a t io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
N O T E : D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

T able 34. Occupational earnings: M isses’ and children’s Goodyear-welt shoes—
all establishments
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s . U n ite d S ta te s a n d M id d le A tla n tic r e g i o n , M a r c h 1971)
M id d le A tla n tic

U n ite d S ta te s 2
D e p a r t m e n t , o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

M ean

M e d ia n

74
68
179
140
177
140

$ 2 .8 5
2 .8 7
3 .6 0
3 .7 5
3 .6 2
3 .7 5

$ 2 . 66
2 . 64
3. 39
3 .4 1
3. 39
3 .4 1

M id d le r a n g e

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M ean

25
22
54
44
54
44

$ 2 .4 6
2. 38
2 .9 2
2. 87
2 .9 2
2. 87

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in i n g , m a c h in e ,
(47 m e n , 27 w o m e n )3----------------------------------------L e a t h e r (4 2 m e n , 26 w o m e n )-------------------------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e m a c h i n e -----------M e n ______________—____________ — ——
L e a th e r - ________________ —----------------------- ——
M e n -------------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le ,

$ 1 .9 4 ^ $
1 .9 3 2 .7 9 2 .8 2 2 .8 2 2 .8 2 -

3. 11
3 .1 3
4 .2 7
4 .4 5
4 .2 8
4 .4 5

$ 2 . 60
2 .5 2
2 .9 6
2. 88
2. 96
2. 88

$ 1 .8 5 -$
1 .8 5 2 .5 1 2. 3 9 2 .5 1 2 .3 9 -

2 . 82
2 .7 8
3 .4 1
3. 25
3 .4 1
3 .2 5




T a b le 34. O ccu p a tio n a l earnings: M is s e s ’ and ch ild re n ’s G oo dyea r-w elt sh o es
all esta b lish m e n ts— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d M id d le A tla n tic r e g i o n , M a r c h 1971)
U n ite d S t a te s 2
D e p a r t m e n t , o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M ean

M e d ia n

195

$ 2 . 36

$ 2 . 27

100

2. 25

2. 04

120
145
163

2 .4 3
2 .5 8
2 .5 3

79
55
24
21

M id d le A tla n tic

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

$ 1. 9 6 - $ 2 . 62

80

$ 2 . 31

$ 2 . 24

$ 2 . 0 0 - $ 2 . 50

1 . 8 2 - 2 . 49

45

2 .0 0

1 .9 1

1 . 8 5 - 2. 15

2. 28
2. 40
2. 39

1 . 9 5 - 2 .7 8
2. 1 1 - 3. 08
2. 1 6 - 2 .9 2

51
61
53

2. 12
2. 25
2. 36

2. 00
2. 17
2. 31

1. 86— 2 .2 5
2. 0 0 - 2. 40
2. 0 5 - 2 .6 3

2. 86
2 .9 7
2 .6 3
3. 18

2 .8 3
2. 87
2. 57
3. 36

2. 3 7 2 .4 9 2 .0 5 3 .0 3 -

3. 37
3 .4 1
3. 26
3. 62

24
16
8
6

2. 79
2 .8 1
2. 74
2 .9 2

2. 94
2. 94

2 .4 4 2. 4 4 _

60
80
64
16

3 .5 5
3 .5 7
3 .5 2
3 .7 5

3 .4 6
3. 39
3. 45
2 .8 7

2. 8 9 2 .6 1 2 .7 2 2. 34—

3 .9 7
4 . 02
3. 96
5 . 25

19
23
17
6

3 .2 1
2 .5 2
2. 60
2 .3 1

3. 20
2. 35
2 .4 6

48

3 .4 2

3. 26

2 . 7 3 - 4 . 10

14

2 .9 8

26
77
96
28
44
36

2. 74
3 .5 7
3 .2 0
3 .0 1
3 .4 5
2. 86

2 . 59
3 .2 0
3. 08
2 .7 5
3 .2 5
2. 86

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

3. 03
4 . 12
3 .4 1
3. 45
3 .7 8
3. 21

9
30
34
15
16
17

2 .5 0
3 .2 5
2 .9 5
2. 64
3. 13
2 .4 5

28
18

3 .2 8
2 .4 4

2. 39
2. 10

2 .0 7 1 .9 2 -

3 .6 2
3 .0 3

6
11

2 .0 8
2. 04

_

_

_

-

-

-

34
98
72
35

3 .7 3
2 .4 1
3 .9 3
2. 32

3 .8 2
2 .0 2
3 .7 7
2 .0 1

2. 8 4 - 4 . 48
1 . 8 4 - 2. 94
2 . 0 1 - 5 .7 1
1 . 7 8 - 2. 34

15
61
18
18

3. 12
2 .0 2
1 .9 9
1 .9 9

2 .7 8
1 .9 2
2 .0 1
2 .0 1

2 .6 1 1 .7 5 1 .7 0 1 .7 0 -

100
26
74
77
56
26
39

2 . 38
2. 28
2 .4 2
2 .5 1
2 .5 0
2 .1 9
3 .3 3

2 . 33
2 .2 0
2 .4 6
2 .4 8
2 . 48
2. 12
3 .2 2

2. 1 5 2. 1 1 2. 1 8 2. 1 7 2. 1 7 1 .8 3 2 .9 3 -

2 .5 1
2 . 36
2 . 59
2 .9 1
2 .8 5
2 . 45
3 .5 5

44
11
33
20
14
11
10

2. 15
2. 18
2. 15
2 .4 7
2 .4 8
1 .9 2
3. 14

2. 18

2. 0 0 - 2 .2 1

2 .2 0
2. 24

2. 0 0 - 2. 25
1 . 9 6 - 3 .0 8
_
_
_

89
41

2. 39
2 .5 1

2 .4 0
2 .5 3

2. 1 5 - 2. 57
2. 2 7 - 2 .6 5

49
14

2. 31
2 .4 1

M id d le r a n g e

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s — C o n tin u e d
F i tt in g
F a n c y s t i t c h e r s (7 m e n , 188 w o m en )___________P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r f itte r s , upper
h a n d ( a l l w o m e n )--------------------------- ------- -------S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r lin in g s
_ „
(1 m a n , 119 w o m e n )_________ ________
T o p s t i t c h e r s (12 m e n , 133 w o m en )___________ V a m p e r s (1 3 m e n , 150 w om en)------- ------------------L a s tin g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r , m a c h i n e ------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------ ---------------------------------------H e e l - s e a t l a s t e r s (17 m e n , 4 w o m e n )---------------P u llo v e r-m a c h in e o p e ra to rs
(58 m e n , 2 w o m e n )- ---- ------------ --------— ____
S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h in e ( a ll m en )------------------------S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t in g ( a ll m en )-— ---- --- ------C e m e n t l a s t i n g ( a l l m e n ) _____________________
T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r s e m i a u to m a ti c
( a l l m e n ) ------- — _____ ____________ _ -------

_
_
-

_

2. 8 7 1 .9 6 1 .9 3 -

-

3 .2 1
3 .2 1
_
3 .9 3
2 .7 2
3 .2 0

_
-

B o tto m in g a n d m a k in g
B o tto m f i l l e r s (15 m e n , 11 w o m e n )-----------------—
E d g e t r i m m e r s (76 m e n , 1 w o m a n )— —________
G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s ( a l l m en )-----------------------------H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h in e (25 m e n , 3 w om en)---In s e a r n e r s ( a l l m e n ) -------- —
___________ ________
R o u g h r o u n d e r s ( a l l m e n ) — ------------------------- --S o le a t t a c h e r s , c e m e n t p r o c e s s
(20 m e n , 8 w o m e n )-------------------------------------------S o l e - l e v e l e r s , m a c h in e (7 m e n , 11 w o m en ) —
—

2965—
84358809-

_
3. 20
2. 94
2. 4 0
3 .2 2
2 .5 0

_
2. 6 7 - 3. 87
2 . 7 7 - 3. 34
2. 3 5 - 2 .9 5
2. 7 9 - 3 .7 3
1 . 9 9 - 2 .8 7

F in is h in g
E d g e s e t t e r s ( a l l m e n ) .--------------------------------------R e p a i r e r s (1 m a n , 97 w o m en ) -------------------- —
T r e e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------- W om en--------------------- —___ _________________

3. 82
2 .0 1
2. 18
2. 18

M is c e lla n e o u s
F l o o r b o y s ( o r g i r l s ) ------------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------- ------------------------------------------I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) .--------------------------------------- W o m e n — ______________ ________________
J a n i t o r s ( a l l m e n ) -----------—---------------------------------M e c h a n i c s , m a in te n a n c e ( a ll m e n ) ---------------------

_
_

-

-

-

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a tio n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l (85 w o m e n , 4 m e n ) -----------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ( a l l w o m en )_____ _________ __ _

2 .3 5
"

2. 0 5 - 2 .5 7 '

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
S e e a p p e n d ix A f o r m e th o d u s e d to c o m p u te m e a n s ,
m e d i a n s , a n d m id d le r a n g e s o f e a r n i n g s .
M e d ia n s a n d m id d le r a n g e s a r e n o t p r o v id e d f o r jo b s w ith f e w e r th a n 15 w o r k e r s in a r e g io n .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to M id d le A tla n tic .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c la s s if i c a t io n in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NO T E : D a s h e s in d ic a te no data r e p o r te d o r d a ta that do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

T a b le 3 5 . O c c u p a tio n a l earn in g s: M is s e s ’ and ch ild re n ’s G o o d y e a r-w e lt s h o e s — S o u th e a ste rn P en n sylva n ia
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

W o m e n --------------------------------------------------

M
__
of
worker*

1 ,2 3 7
430
807

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0
hourly
^Ifnlngs 2 a n d
and
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1.?0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 r4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 ,7 9 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 ,$ 3 J l . &1*8 9 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 ,2 9 o v e r
O
$ 2 .3 0
2.60

2 .1 4

28
5
23

27
15

83
16
67

_
-

76
31
45

53
4
49

97
3
94

63
2

61

98
36
62

84
16
68

100

38
62

69
31
38

49
17
32

2
2

3

-

1

“

“

28

26
18

2

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

30

21

20
10

17
4

1

2

67
19
48

6
22

47
34
13

32
15
17

1
1

42
9
33

1
1

12

8

39
30
9

33
22

19

4
3

8
8

1

1

-

13
9
4

20

11

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s — m e n
C u ttin g
9
7

2 .6 7

_

2.66

-

26

C u t t e r s , l in i n g , m a c h i n e 3b ------------------

2 .8 7

9

2 .7 6
2 .9 2
3^68

J

2

2

1

1

”

“

-

1
1

“

“

”

2

3

_

4

2

2

2

_

-

1

C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

'

4

-

-

1

L a s ti n g
A s s e m b l e r s f o r p u l lo v e r ,
TG
a a 1a df a 0 u
nTA6 i*seaw l a s t e r s ^ L
P u l l o v e r - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ------------------I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------------------S id e l a s t e r s , m a c h i n e 3b -----------------------S ta p le o r t a c k l a s t i n g 5-----------------------C e m e n t l a s t in g 3b -----------------------------T o e l a s t e r s , a u to m a ti c o r
s e m i a u to m a ti c 3b ----------------------------------

5
11

7
18
12
6

2 .4 5
2 .5 2
2 .3 1

12

10
12
8

3 .2 0
3 .3 0
3 .1 9
3 .1 9
2 .7 0
3 .4 0
2 .4 0
2 .4 3

8

1.91

53
20

31
9

-

-

-

2
1
1

-

2
2

-

"

1

1

“

-

-

3
-

2
2
1
1
1

2
2

3

-

2
2

-

2
2

2
1
1

1

4
4
-

_
_

_
_

2
2

3
2

_
_

_
_

1

-

-

4
4

2

-

3 .6 5

8

2
2

1

3 .0 7

20

2

1

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

-

•

1

_

2
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

2
2
2
2

2
2

42
2

-

-

2

“

”

■

2
2

1

-

42
2

1

1
1

2

-

1

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
E d g e t r i m m e r s ----------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------------------G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s ----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------------------H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h i n e 3 a ------------------I n s e a m e r s 3b
R ough ro u n d er®
InrGTitivG

13
20

15
7

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

2

_
_

1
1

2
2

7

_
_

_
_

2
2

-

-

-

5
2

1

1

_

1

_
_

2
_
_

4
4
_
_

-

1

-

-

_

1

1

1

2

-

1

_

_

_

_

2

4
_
_

_
_

_
_

-

44

_

_

_

1
1

1
1

-

1

_
_

F in is h i n g
E d g e s e t t e r s 5 -------------------------------------------

1

M is c e ll a n e o u s
J g n l t n TP ^

_________________

_

_

_

_

5

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

2 .3 1
2 .6 7

1

_

6

5

5

7

4

_

_

_

1
1

1

1

_

2

_

_

1

_

1.9 7
1.94

_
_

3
3

1

1

2

8

4

1

3

_

_

2

_

5
2

3

_

1

_

1

_

6

_

2

_

_

2

5
4

_

_

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s —
w om en
F i tt in g
F sin cy

_____ __________ ___
I n c e n tiv e
......
P a s te r s , b a c k e rs , o r f itte r s ,

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .




x

_
_

4
4

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

T a b le 3 5. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings: M is s e s ’ and ch ild re n ’s G o o d y e a r-w e lt s h o e s — S o u th e a ste rn P e n n sy lv a n ia 1
----C o n tin u ed
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , M a r c h 1971)

S e x , d e p a r t m e n t , a n d o c c u p a tio n

of
worker*

hourly
earning* z

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0
and
”
under
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1.95 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2.90 $ 3 t 00 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 ,$ o $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 o v e r

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s —
w o m e n — C o n tin u e d
S k iv e rs , m a c h in e , u p p e rs o r
l i n i n g s _________________________________
I n c e n t i v e __________________________
T o p s t i c h e r s 3 a ________________________
V a m p e r s ________________________________
I n c e n t iv e ---------------------------------------

35
18
44
35
21

$ 2 .1 6
2.21

-

1
1

3
3

2.31
2 .4 0
2.46

-

-

-

"

“

“

2.0 6
1.89
2 .0 8

4

1
1

7

-

1

1

“

“

2
2

2
2

-

5

1
2

1
1

_
"

_

_

1
1

1

"

■

“

“

-

_
-

.
“

2
1

2
2

1
1

2

_

“

"

1

3

6

7

6
2

2
11
1

"

‘

6

2

"

4
3

2

1

2

-

-

2

4

2

2

2

■

1

1

"

1

“

~

■

1

1

3

3

3

2

4
3

3

2

1

.

_

3

2

_

6
8
1

1
2
6
6

1

4
3
2

1

_

1
1

_
1

.
4

-

1
1

_

1

_
_
-

1
1
6
6

2
2

_

_

_

_

1

_
_

_
_

2

2

_

1

1

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

F i n is h i n g
R e p a i r e r s _______________________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------------T r e e r s 3 5 _______________________________
b

34
8
12

j

2

3

2

1

M is c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r g i r l s 6 ------------------------------------------I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) 3b ______________

16
10

2 .2 4
2 .7 0

25
7

2.68

2

"

1

1

"

2

■

-

2

-

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a tio n s — w o m e n
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l -------------------------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l --------------------------------------

2 .4 0

1

1

2
2

1
'

T h e s o u t h e a s t e r n P e n n s y lv a n i a a r e a c o n s is t s o f B e r k s , D a u p h in , L a n c a s t e r , L e b a n o n , a n d S c h u y k ill C o u n tie s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s . W o r k e r s p a id u n d e r t im e a n d i n c e n tiv e s y s te m s w e r e d iv id e d e q u a lly .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s by m e th o d of w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m in a n tly t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m in a n tly in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .
4 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 4 . 4 0 t o $ 4 .6 0 .
5 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e p a id on a n in c e n tiv e b a s i s .
6 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e p a id on a t im e b a s i s .







T a b le 36. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings: M o cca sin -co n stru cted sh o es with hand-sew n plug— all establishm ents
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , U n ite d S ta te s a n d N ew E n g la n d r e g i o n , M a r c h 1971)
N ew E n g la n d

U n ite d S ta te s 1
2
D e p a r tm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

M ean

M e d ia n

11
8

M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

$2.8 7
2 .7 8

-

115
92

3 .22
3.41

$3.21
3.39

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

11
8

$ 2 .8 7
2 .7 8

-

205
136

2 .7 2
2 .9 0

$ 2 .6 3
2 .9 7

53
587
389
198

2.02

1.85
3.01
3 .3 7
1.92

1 .7 0 2 .4 1 2 .9 3 1 .6 0 -

2.2 0
3 .6 8
3 .9 4
2.71

37
483
389
94

1.89
3 .3 4
3 .47
2 .80

1.70
3 .2 3
3.37
2 .76

1 .7 0 2 .7 8 2 .9 3 2 .4 3 -

2.51

2.3 7
2.07
2.4 9

2 .2 3 - 2 .6 2
1 .6 7 - 2 .6 8
2 .1 3 - 2.95

37
24
29

2.35
2 .3 2
2.51

2.35
2 .13
2.49

2 . 1 7 - 2 .49
1 .9 2 - 2 .72
2 . 1 3 - 2.95

3 .3 8
3.37
2 .8 9
2.81

3.47
3.3 3
3.0 6
3 .0 0

2 .8 3 3 .0 0 2 .2 1 2 .5 3 -

3.77
3.51
3.31
3 .2 0

26
20

15
17

15
17

3.47
3.37
2.89
2.81

3 .5 4
3 .33
3.06
3.00

2 .8 1 3 .0 0 2 .2 1 2 .5 3 -

57
9

1.99
3 .0 9

1.99

1 .7 0 - 2.2 5

57
9

1.99
3.09

1.99

1 .7 0 - 2.25

42
17
25
44
34

1.94
1.96
1.93
2 .0 4
1.95

1.80
1.80
1.80
2 .0 3
1.92

1 .7 0 1 .7 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .7 1 -

42
17
25
24
26

1.94
1.96
1.93
1.96

1.80
1.80
1.80

1 .7 0 1 .7 0 1 .7 0 1 .7 2 1 .7 5 -

S e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , l in in g , m a c h in e
(8 m e n , 3 w o m e n ) 3 --------------------------------— —----S y n th e tic (7 m e n , 1 w o m a n )------------C u t t e r s , v a m p a n d w h o le s h o e ,
m a c h i n e , l e a t h e r - -----------------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------------------

-

$ 1 .8 9 — 3 .3 7
$
1 .9 3 - 3.5 6

-

$ 2 .6 9 — 3 .7 0
$
2 .9 5 - 3.85

F ittin g
P a s te r s , b a c k e r s , o r f it te r s , u p p e r,
h a n d ( a l l w o m e n ) ----------------------------------------------S e w e r s , h a n d ( m o c c a s i n - c o n s t r u c t e d s h o e s ) ---M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------S k i v e r s , m a c h i n e , u p p e r s o r l in in g s
( a l l w o m e n ) -------------------------------------------------------T o p s t i t c h e r s ( a l l w o m e n ) ---------------------------------V a m p e r s (1 m a n , 28 w o m e n ) ------------------ — —

41
54
29

3.05
3.47
2.22

2 .4 0
2.20

1.93
3.81
3 .9 4
3.03

B o tto m a n d m a k in g
E d g e t r i m m e r s ( a l l m e n ) -----------------------------------G o o d y e a r s t i t c h e r s ( a l l m e n ) ----------------------------H e e l a t t a c h e r s , m a c h in e ( a l l m e n ) -------------------L i tt le w a y s t i t c h e r s (1 4 m e n , 3 w o m e n )-------------

30
20

3.88
3.51
3.31
3.20

F i n is h i n g
R e p a i r e r s ( a l l w o m e n )----------------------------------------T r e e r s (5 m e n , 4 w o m e n ) ------------- - - —
----M is c e ll a n e o u s
F l o o r b o y s o r g i r l s ---------------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ———— — — — — — ——— — — —— —
I n s p e c t o r s ( c r o w n e r s ) (2 m e n , 4 2 w o m en )------—
J a n i t o r s ( a l l m e n ) -------------------------------------------------

2.11
2.1 1
2 .1 0
2.20

2 .2 2

2.01

1.88
2.00

2.11
2.11
2.10
2.02
2 .2 6

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s . S e e a p p e n d ix A f o r m e th o d u s e d to c o m p u te m e a n s , m e d ia n s , a n d
m id d le r a n g e s o f e a r n i n g s . M e d ia n s a n d m id d le r a n g e s a r e n o t p r o v id e d f o r jo b s w ith f e w e r th a n 15 w o r k e r s in a r e g io n .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to N ew E n g la n d .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c la s s if i c a t io n in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .

NOTE:

D a s h e s d e n o te no data r e p o r te d o r data that do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

T a b le 37. M eth o d o f w age paym ent
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in f o o tw e a r m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t, U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
U n ited
S ta te s 1
2

M e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t 1

N ew
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

S o u th w e s t

G reat
Lakes

M id d le
W e st

A ll w o r k e r s .

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

T im e -ra te d w o rk e rs—
F o r m a l p l a n ______
S in g le r a t e _____
R ange of r a te s —
I n d iv id u a l r a t e s ___

27
15
7

31
17
14
3
14

31
15
5

16
4

28

24

10

10

2

19
16

10

3

16

12

7
3
18

(3)
9
14

25
23
4
19

I n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s I n d iv id u a l p ie c e w o r k .
G r o u p p i e c e w o r k ____
I n d iv id u a l b o n u s ______
G r o u p b o n u s __________

73
71
(3 )

69

69
69
(3)

84
83
-

72
70
(3)

76
76
(3 )

8

13

1

(3)

68

(3)
1

2

1

(3)

fl

15
3

75
71
(3)
3

59

81
81

2

41
41

(*)

2
'

1 F o r d e f i n i ti o n o f w a g e p a y m e n t,

s e e a p p e n d ix A.
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r th e M o u n ta in r e g io n in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

3 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g ,

s u m s o f in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

T a b le 3 8 . S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n a n d o ffic e w o r k e r s in fo o tw e a r m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s , 1 U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , M a r c h 1971)
U n ited
S ta te s 2

W e e k ly h o u r s

N ew
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

S o u th w e s t

G re a t
L akes

M id d le
W e st

P a c if i c

P r o •d u ctio n w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s

100

00

U n d e r 40 h o u r s _
40 h o u r s ________
O v e r 40 h o u r s ___

100

3
91

f
a

100

97
3

100

100

100

100

100

7
93

6

23
71

10

20

-

90

72

100

6

1

8

“

91
3

100

O ffic e w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s
U n d e r 3 7 Vj h o u r s .
3 7 Vj h o u r s ____
O v e r 3 7 lL a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s
40 h o u r s ---------------------------------O v e r 40 h o u r s __

2

100

100

3

_
_

y

5

2

86
2

OQ
07

|

7
(3)
QQ
OO

100

100

100

100

100

100

9

4

“
“
“

22

2

9
“
91

-

91

r e l a t e to p r e d o m in a n t w o rk s c h e d u le f o r f u ll - t i m e d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s in e a c h e s ta b l is h m e n t .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r th e M o u n ta in r e g io n in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:




100

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g ,

s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l 100.

88
12

“
20

75
3

78

100

T a b le 3 9 . P a id h o lid a y s
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c tio n and o f fic e w o r k e r s in fo o tw e a r m a n u fa ctu rin g e s ta b lish m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r p aid h o lid a y s , U n ited S ta te s and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , M arch 1971)
U n ite d
S ta te s 1

N u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s

M id d le
N ew
E n g la n d A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S ta te s

S o u th ­
east

G reat
L akes

S o u th ­
w est

M id d le
W e st

P a c if i c

M id d le
U n ite d
N ew
S ta te s 1 E n g la n d A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________

100
99
2
1
3
14

3
4 da a
5 da b
6 days
p lu s 1 h ftlf d& y——■ ■ -■ ________ _____ _
■ ■ _i

7 d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------Q <^A
«re p lu s 2 iia.li dd.VS______
O U ays nliifi 4 K alf u a y
*

4
10
2
1
24

(*)
32
(2 )
1 H ire or
*
...
.
_
2
xu days ai iiiviv
1
R e c e iv in g n o p a id h o l id a y s -------------------------------------------------

100
96
(2)
_
2
9
1
(2)
20
4
2
23
2
2
26
5
4

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
.
_
_
1
17
2
17
6
6
3
37
1

98
_
_
5
48
_
_
5
2

100
8
10
3
7
11
_
_
14
_

96
4
3
4
20
_
9
.

100
-

100
1
-

100
9
10
14
-

18

26

20

99
2
1
1
2
15
2
9
11
2
2
22
1
1
26
1
3

_

9
(2 )

_
_

_
_

20
_

_
2

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r th e M o u n ta in r e g i o n in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

1

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g ,




s u m s o f in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta ls .

_

-

21
.
_

S o u th ­
w est

G re a t
Lakes

M id d le
W est

P a c if ic

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
psiicL holid& ys

S o u th ­
east

-

18
1
1
(2)
24
1
-

-

-

28
-

93

53
-

39

-

1
4

-

-

36
_

-

6

-

-

100
98
(2)
2
5
(2)
(2)
20
3
25
1
4
27
2
9
2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
1
14
2
41
5
4

100
12
23
9
1

100
18
8
4
7
15
18
-

100
2
4
6
3
35
5
-

100
1
-

22
31

16
13

15
31

100
29
7
(2)
8
(2)
5
24
1
22

100
13
5
10
49
23

21
(2)
( 2)
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

8
90

-

-

2

-

T a b le 40. P a id va catio n s
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c tio n and o f fic e w o r k e r s in fo o tw e a r m a n ufacturing e s ta b lish m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r p a id v a c a tio n s a fte r s e le c t e d p e r io d s o f s e r v ic e ,
U n ited S ta te s and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , M a rch 1971)
U n ite d
S ta te s 1

V a c a tio n p o lic y

M id d le
N ew
E n g la n d A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th ­
east

S o u th ­
w est

G re a t
Lakes

M id d le
W e st

P a c if i c

N ew
U n ite d
M id d le B o r d e r
S t a te s 1 E n g la n d A tla n tic S ta te s

P r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s
A il w o r k e r s _________________________________

S o u th ­
e ast

S o u th ­
w est

G reat
L akes

M id d le
W e st

P a c if ic

O ffic e w o r k e r s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
62
36

97
42
55

100
69
28

100
83
17

99
53
46

96
60
36

100
66
34

100
100
-

100
91
9

99
89
9

98
88
10

98
92
5
1

100
87
13

100
72
28

98
97
1

100
91
9

100
100
-

100
100
-

~

-

1

2

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

_
55

_
85

_
88

45

15

12

_
_
_
99
(2 )

_
_
100

87

_
_

_
_

_
27

13
87

73

_
_

M e th o d of p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------

\ )

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------

1

/ i\

1

3

1
94
1
3

1
89
2
6

99
(2 )

3
95
2

5
93
-

87
10

_
98
2
(2)

_
100
-

_
91
_
9

1
68
_
30

(2 )
54
_
44

_
85
_
13

10
87
_
2

7
84
_
9

_
67
_
31

(2)
5
1
90
1
2
(2)

(2)
4
1
86
2
5
-

10
3
87
-

9
91
_

8
4
87
_

4
92
_

99
( 2)

_
10
81
_
9

_
4
1
93
( 2)
2
_

_
3
(2)
89
_
6
_

_
4
1
92

_
10
_
90

_
13
5
82

_
3
_
95

_

_
100
_
_

( 2)

_
_

_
_

_
_

5
49
3
41
(2)

4
52
3
38
-

6
68
2
24
-

9
69
22
-

12
36
51
_

4
46
6
40
_

_
45
14
41
( 2)

_
13
_
87
_

10
_
81
_
9

4
58
2
35
(2)

3
54
1
41

2
76
2
18

10
62
_
28

18
49

3
72

34

23

5
25
1
61
6
(2)

4
34
1
56
2
_

6
32
2
57
1
2

9
40
47
4
_

12
26
35
26
-

4
29
6
57
_
_

3
89
8
_

3
_
97
_
_

10
14
_
67
_
9

4
23
1
69
2
( 2)

3
35
_
60
_

2
22
2
71

10
36
_
48
5

18
30

3
59

_

_

4

1

13
29

36
16

35

94

99

58

_

_

5
25
1
59
6
3

4
34
1
56
2
-

6
32
57
2
3

9
40
47
4
-

12
26
35
26
-

4
29
6
57
-

3
72
10
15

3
94
_
2

10
14
67
_
9

4
23
( 2)
60
2
9

3
35
_
60
_
_

10
36
_
48
5
_

18
30
_
36
16

3
59

5
24
1
59
1
9
(2)

4
34
1
56
2
-

6
32
57
5

9
14
73
4

12
26
35
26

4
29
6
57
_

3
63
2
31
1

3
94
_
2

10
14
_
67
_
9

4
23
( 2)
59
(2 )
13
(2 )

3
35
_
60
_

4

A m o u n t of v a c a tio n p a y 3
A fte r 1 y e a r of s e rv ic e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k --------------------- -------------------------1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------2 w e e k s _____________________________________ _
A fte r 5 y e a rs of s e rv ic e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k -------------------------------- -----------1 w e e k ______________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ______ ______ _____________ ________
A f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 2 w e e k s _____ ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________
O v e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------- --------------A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ____________ __________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________________
4 w e e k s _____________________________________ __
A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _____ ____ _________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------3 w e e k s _________ __________ _______________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________
A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e : 4
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________
3 w e e k s ---------- ---------------------------------------- ---O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________
5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

l

(2)
2
22
_
71
2
1
2
22
_
71
_
3

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r th e M o u n ta in r e g io n in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
1 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
3 V a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , s u c h a s p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s , w e r e c o n v e r te d to a n e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s i s . P e r io d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r o v is i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p le , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s a t 15 y e a r s m a y in c lu d e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n 10 a n d 15 y e a r s .
4 V a c a tio n p r o v is i o n s w e r e th e s a m e a f t e r lo n g e r p e r io d s of s e r v i c e .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,




s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y no t e q u a l t o ta l s .

_

_
56
6
38
(2)

_

_
1
_

35

4
_
59

89

_

36

10

_

10
33
_
52

18
30
_
36

3
59
1
35

5

16

_

_

_

_
13

13
29
58

_

_

_

4

1

13
29

89

58

10

_

52
(2 )
43
1

c h o sen and do not n e c e s s a rily

r e f l e c t in d iv id u a l

T a b le 41. H ealth, Insurance, and retirem ent plans
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c tio n and o f fic e w o r k e r s in fo o tw e a r m a n u fa ctu rin g e s ta b lish m e n ts w ith s p e c if ie d h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and r e tir e m e n t p la n s,
U n ited S ta te s and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , M a rch 1971)
U n ite d
S ta te s 1
2

T y p e o f p la n 1

M id d le
N ew
E n g la n d A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th east

S o u th w est

G re a t
L akes

M id d le
W e st

P a c if i c

N ew
U n ite d
M id d le B o r d e r
S ta te s 2 E n g la n d A tla n tic S ta te s

S o u th ­
east

S o u th ­
w est

G reat
Lakes

M id d le
W e st

P a c if i c

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s
100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
53

90
65

88
62

97
60

94
19

86
49

96
53

99
46

100
90

93
52

88
68

93
44

98
84

92
15

90
65

96
49

99
43

100
73

47
29

62
38

45
37

47
47

44
19

29
22

49
22

19
"

14
14

51
31

62
41

34
26

63
63

50
15

46
40

58
32

33

29
15

67
66
48

71
71
47

41
41
33

80
77
49

50
46
33

58
58
54

95
93
61

95
95
83

_

68
59
40

76
66
44

41
27
21

72
59
55

47
40
22

47
47
45

88
79
49

95
95
70

41

"

(4 5
)

A l l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------

(4 )

-

-

-

-

-

24

29

14

14

4

-

43

1

41

2
82
37
86
42
78
38
60
11
94
90
86
4

_

_

_

3
100
47
100
47
83
47
56
34
37
37
37

_

_

98
85
98
85
84
79
43
41
77
77
77

93
75
93
75
93
75
14
11
96
96
96

100
87
100
87
100
87
41
41
60
60
46

_

-

-

-

1
92
48
97
53
91
51
83
41
95
91
87
5

_

100
90
100
90
100
90
23
23
67
67
67

1
99
79
99
79
78
63
57
53
71
71
32

_

96
86
96
86
96
86
7
6
95
95
95

1
95
60
96
61
86
56
58
38
64
62
50
2
1

-

-

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r s ic k
le a v e o r b o th 3 ---------------------------------------S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e --------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -------------------S ic k l e a v e ( fu ll p a y , n o w a itin g
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r w a itin g
p e r i o d ) -----------------------------------------------H o s p i ta l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e ------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------S u r g ic a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ------------------------M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p la n s P e n s io n s -----------------------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s -------------------S e v e r a n c e p a y --------------------------------------N o p l a n s -----------------------------------------------------

1
94
56
94
56
82
48
44
19
61
58
53
3
1

3

_
94
44
94
44
89
40
51
22
33
33
29
1
1

-

_

99
73
99
73
65
44
33
23
59
59
42
_

83
34
77
34
77
34
60
7
87
52
52
35

(4)

4
100
47
100
47
87
47
53
23
54
54
54
_

_
96
84
96
84
78
71
34
31
70
70
70
_

4

-

94
52
94
51
89
48
56
34
33
31
21
2
1

-

(4)

83
52
74
52
74
52
43
17
78
66
66
12

-

2

1 " N o n c o n t r i b u to r y p l a n s " i n c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p la n s f in a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p lo y e r . L e g a lly r e q u i r e d p la n s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n a n d s o c ia l s e c u r i t y a r e e x c lu d e d ; h o w e v e r , p la n s
r e q u i r e d b y S ta te t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s a r e in c lu d e d if th e e m p lo y e r c o n tr i b u te s m o r e th a n i s le g a l ly r e q u i r e d o r if th e e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e b e n e f i ts o v e r l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r th e M o u n ta in r e g i o n in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 U n d u p lic a te d t o ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o ta l o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y p e n s io n s o r r e t i r e m e n t s e v e r a n c e p a y sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
N O TE :

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g ,




s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not eq u a l t o ta ls .

T a b le 42. O th e r se le cte d benefits
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c tio n and o f fic e w o r k e r s in fo o tw e a r m a n u fa ctu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g p a id fu n e r a l le a v e and t e c h n o lo g ic a l s e v e r a n c e pay,
U n ited S ta te s and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , M arch 1971)
Ite m 1

U n ite d
S ta te s 2

N ew
E n g la n d

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S t a te s

S o u th e a s t

G re a t
L akes

M id d le
W est

57
33

71
40

95
73

9
-

48
29

84
22

91
47

12

S o u th w e s t

P a c if i c

P r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s
W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
p r o v is i o n s f o r :
F u n e r a l l e a v e p a y ------- —— —-------------- ----- ------

61
22

63
(3 )

48
2

38
17

57
47
O ffic e w o r k e r s

W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
p r o v is i o n s f o r :




60
14

63
2

F o r d e f i n i ti o n o f b e n e f i t s , s e e a p p e n d ix A .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r th e M o u n ta in r e g io n in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

33
(3)

66
20

35
29




A p p e n d ix A .

S c o p e and M e th o d o f Survey

Scope of survey

Establishment definition

The survey included establishments engaged primarily
in the production of boots and shoes (except house
slippers and rubber footwear) designed primarily for
street, work, play, or sportswear (Industry 3141 as
defined in the 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial
Classification Manual, prepared by the U.S. Office of
Management and Budget). Separate auxiliary units such
as central offices were excluded.
The establishments studied were selected from those
employing 50 workers or more at the time of reference
of the data used in compiling the universe lists.
The number o f establishments and workers studied
by the Bureau, as well as the number estimated to be
within scope of the survey during the payroll period
studied, is shown in table A:1.

An establishment, for purposes of this study, is
defined as a single physical location where industrial
operations are performed. An establishment is not
necessarily identical with the company, which may
consist of one establishment or more. “Establishment”
and “plant” have been used interchangeably in this
bulletin.

Employment

Estimates of the number of workers within scope of
the study are intended as a general guide to the size and
composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The advance planning necessary to make a wage survey
requires the use of lists of establishments assembled
considerably in advance of the payroll period studied.

Industry branches

The classification of establishments by industry
branch was determined on the basis of the principal type
of footwear manufactured. For example, if the value of
an establishment’s product was 60 percent women’s
Goody ear-welt shoes and 40 percent women’s cementprocess (conventional-lasted) shoes, all workers in that
establishment were included in the women’s Goodyearwelt shoe branch.

Production and officeworkers

The term “production workers,” as used in this
bulletin, includes working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative, executive, professional, and technical
personnel and force-account construction employees,
who were utilized as a separate work force on the firm’s
own properties, were excluded.
The term “officeworkers,” as used in this bulletin,
includes all nonsupervisory officeworkers and excludes
administrative, executive, professional, and technical
employees.

Method of study

Data were obtained by personal visits of the Bureau’s
field staff. The survey was conducted on a sample basis.
To obtain appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a
greater proportion of large rather than small establish­
ments were studied. When data were combined,
however, all establishments were given their appropriate
weight. All estimates are presented, therefore, as relating
to all establishments in the industry, excluding only
those below the minimum size at the time of reference
of the universe data.



Occupations selected for study

Occupational classification was based on a uniform
set of job descriptions designed to take account of
interestablishment and interarea variations in duties
within the same jobs. (See appendix B for these
descriptions.) Occupations were chosen for their
73

Table A-1. Estimated number o f establishments and workers within scope of the survey and number studied,
footwear manufacturing establishments, March 1971
Number of
establishments
Industry branch, region , 1 and area 2

Within
scope of
study

3

Actually
studied

Workers in establishments
Actually
studied

Within scope of study
T o ta l 4

Production

Office

workers

workers

Total

All establishments :5
United States 6 ......................................................

577

403

164,109

145,518

7,701

127,833

New England....................................................
Middle A tla n tic ................................................

183

141

49,492

75

Border States ..................................................

35

24

32,066
9,792

2,309
1,654

41,143

134

43,976
27,953
8,924

229

6,809

S o u th e a s t.........................................................

61

37

22,414

20,598

709

Southw est....................... : ...............................

28

309

76
45

9,558
22,874

8,670

Great Lakes......................................................
Middle West......................................................

19
57

14,648
7,027

19,110

1,812

19,223

40

15,479

14,179

558

13,681

P a c ific ...............................................................

13

9

2,200

1,908

113

1,852

United States 6 ......................................................

85

65

32,340

27,577

2,097

26,891

New England 7 ..................................................

25

6,774

5,841

432

5,890

M aine...........................................................

8

21
8

2,745

2,446

132

2,745

23,333

Men's Goodyear—welt work shoes: (010)

Brockton, M a s s .........................................

7

7

1,873

1,574

162

1,873

Southeast...........................................................

8
8

3,748

3,401

128

2,782

3,748

3,401

128

2,782

Great Lakes 7 ....................................................

12
12
20

16

5,615

4,556

576

4,873

Tennessee ..................................................
W isconsin....................................................

18

15

4,939

3,982

550

4,535

Middle W e s t ....................................................
Men's Goodyear—welt work shoes: (020)

5

5

2,276

2,144

48

2,276

United States 6 ......................................................

25

22

8,272

7,350

385

7,490

New England....................................................

9

9

2,542

2,304

100

2,542

Great Lakes......................................................

9

7

2,241

1,923

96

1,934

46

35
15

14,112
4,749
2,847

12,506
4,223

694

11,210

201

3,526

2,278

294

2,566

Men's cement—process shoes: (030)
United S ta te s .........................................................
New England ..................................................
Great Lakes......................................................

20
6

5

Women's cement-process (conventional-lasted)
shoes: (040)
United States 6 ......................................................
New England 7 ..................................................
M aine...........................................................
Boston—Lynn, Mass..................................
Haverhill, M a s s .........................................
Lawrence— Lowell, Mass...........................

56,551

2,667

49,125

951

18,767

5,605

20,042
4,892

286

5,076

5

1,999
783

1,785
698

91
36

1,999
783

8

3,616

3,341

139

3,616

223
77

158

18
7

16
7

5

8

61

63,382
22,367

Worchester, M a s s .......................................
Southeastern, New Ham pshire................

23

17

6,495

5,815

251

5,359

Middle A tla n tic 7 .............................................

60

36

13,559

12,317

538

9,734

New Y o rk , N . Y .........................................

19

9

2,434

2,073

136

1,162

Border States....................................................

15

4,038

3,584

86

2,962

Southw est.........................................................

9

3,227

2,962

91

2,426

A rk a n s a s ....................................................

9

11
6
6

3,227

2,962

91

2,426

Great Lakes......................................................

21

16

7,905

6,605

592

6,522

Middle West......................................................

19

15

6,420

5,893

223

5,061

M issou ri......................................................

19

15

6,420

5,893

223

5,061

P a c ific ...............................................................

9

7

1,763

1,542

82

1,561

Los Angeles— Long Beach, C a lif ..............

9

7

1,763

1,542

82

1,561

See footnotes at end of table.




74

.

Table A-1.

Estimated number o f establishments and workers within scope o f the survey and number studied,

footwear manufacturing establishments, March 1971— Continued
Number of

Workers in establishments

establishments 3
Industry branch, region,1 and area2

Within
scope of
study

Actually
studied

Actually

Within scope of study
T o ta l4

studied

Production

Office-

workers

workers

Total

Misses' and children's cement-process
(conventional-lasted) shoes: (080)
United States6 ......................................................

37

24

9,800

8,825

8

8

2,693

2,351

410
167

6,771

Middle West ....................................................

United States 6 ......................................................
Middle Atlantic 7 .............................................

20

14

5,452

4,644

352

4,080

12

8

2,199

1,927

110

Southeastern Pennsylvania.......................

7

5

1,401

1,237

67

1,491
1,032

2,693

Misses' and children's Goodyear— welt shoes:
(090)

Moccasin-constructed shoes with hand-sewn
plug: (130)
United States6 ......................................................

18

11

4,540

4,042

220

New England....................................................

10

8

3,668

3,270

182

3,813
3,451

1 The regions in this study include: New England—Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and
Vermont; Middle A tlantic—New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania; Border States—Delaware, District of Columbia, Kentucky,
Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia; Southeast—Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and
Tennessee; Southwest—Arkansas, Louisana, Oklahoma, and Texas; Great Lakes—Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and
Wisconsin; Middle West—Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota and South Dakota; and Pacific—California, Nevada,
Oregon, and Washington.
2 See individual area tables, for definitions of areas studied separately.
3 includes only establishments with 50 workers or more at the time of reference of the universe data.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the production and office worker categories.
5 Includes data for industry branches in addition to those shown separately.
6 Includes data for regions in addition to those shown separately. Alaska and Hawaii were not included in the study.
7 Includes data for areas (or States) in addition to those shown separately.

numerical importance, their usefulness in collective
bargaining, or their representativeness of the entire job
scale in the industry. Working supervisors, apprentices,
learners, beginners, trainees, and handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers were not reported
in the data for selected occupations but were included in
the data for all production workers.

tion workers, were calculated by weighting each rate (or
hourly earnings) by the number of workers receiving the
rate, totaling, and dividing by the number of individuals.
The hourly earnings of salaried workers were obtained
by dividing their straight-time salary by normal rather
than actual hours.
The median designates position; that is, one-half of
the employees surveyed received more than this rate and
one-half received less. The middle range is defined by
two rates of pay; one-fourth of the employees earned
less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earned
more than the higher rate.

Wage data

Information on wages relates to straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for
work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Incentive
payments, such as those resulting from piecework or
production bonus systems and cost-of-living bonuses,
were included as part of the worker’s regular pay; but
nonproduction bonus payments, such as Christmas or
yearend bonuses, were excluded.
Average (mean) hourly rates or earnings for each
occupation or other group of workers, such as produc­



Size of community

Tabulations by size of community pertain to metro­
politan and nonmetropolitan areas. The term “metro­
politan area,” as used in this bulletin, refers to the
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSA’s) as
defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget
through January 1968.
75

Except in New England, a SMSA is defined as a
county or group of contiguous counties which contain
at least one city of 50,000 inhabitants or more. Counties
contiguous to the one containing such a city are
included in the SMSA, if according to certain criteria,
they are essentially metropolitan in character and are
socially and economically integrated with the central
city. In New England, the city and town are administra­
tively more important then the county and they are the
units used in defining SMSA’s for that region.

Supplementary wage provisions

Supplementary benefits were treated statistically on
the basis that if formal provisions were applicable to half
or more of the production (or office) workers in an
establishment, the benefits were considered applicable to
all such workers. Similarly, if fewer than half of the
workers were covered, the benefit was considered
n o n e x is te n t in the establishment. Because of
length-of-service and other eligibility requirements, the
proportion of workers receiving benefits may be smaller
than estimated.

Method of wage payment

Tabulations by method of wage payment relate to the
number of workers paid under the various time and
incentive wage systems. Formal rate structures for
time-rated workers provide single rates or a range of
rates for individual job categories. In the absense of a
formal rate structure, pay rates are determined primarily
with reference to the qualifications of the individual
worker. A single rate structure is one in which the same
rate is paid to all experienced workers in the same job
classification. Learners; apprentices, or probationary
workers may be paid according to rate schedules which
start below the single rate and permit the workers to
achieve the full job rate over a period of time. Individual
experienced workers occasionally may be paid above or
below the single rate for special reasons, but such
payments are regarded as exceptions. Range-of-rate plans
are those in which the minimum and/or maximum rates
paid experienced workers for the same job are specified.
Specific rates of individual workers within the range may
be determined by merit, length of service, or a
combination of various concepts of merit and length of
service.
Incentive workers are classified under piecework or
bonus plans. Piecework is work for which a
predetermined rate is paid for each unit of output.
Production bonuses are based on production over a
quota or for completion of a job in less than standard
time.

Scheduled weekly hours

Data on weekly hours refer to the predominant work
sch e d u le for full-time production workers (or
officeworkers) employed on the day shifts*




Paid holidays. Paid holiday provisions relate to full-day
and half-day holidays provided annually.
Paid vacations. The summary of vacation plans is limited
to formal arrangements, excluding informal plans
whereby time off with pay is granted at the discretion of
the employer or the supervisor. Payments not on a time
basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2
percent of annual earnings was considered the
equivalent of 1 week’s pay. The periods of service for
which data are presented were selected as representative
of the most common practices but they do not
necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression.
For example, changes in proportions indicated at 10
years of service include changes in provisions which may
have occurred between 5 and 10 years.

Health, insurance, and retirement plans. Data are
presented for health, insurance, pension, and retirement
severance pay plans for which all or part of the cost is
borne by trie employer, excluding programs required by
law, such as workmen’s compensation and social
security. Among plans included are those underwritten
by a commercial insurance company, and those paid
directly by the employer from his current operating
funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life
insurance. Sickness and accident insurance is limited to
that type of insurance under which predetermined cash
payments are made directly to the insured on a weekly
or monthly basis during illness or accident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes at least part of the cost. However,
in New York and New Jersey, where temporary
d isa b ility in su ran c e law s re q u ire em ployer

76

contributions,1 plans are included only if the employer
(1) contributes more than is legally required or (2)
provides the employees with benefits which exceed the
requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are limited to
formal plans which provide full pay or a proportion of
the worker’s pay during absence from work because of
illness; informal arrangements have been omitted.
Separate tabulations are provided according to (1) plans
which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2)
plans providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for
complete or partial payment of doctors’ fees. These
plans may be underwritten by a commercial insurance
company or a nonprofit organization, or they may be a
form o f self-insurance.
Major medical insurance, sometimes referred to as
catastrophe or extended medical insurance, includes
plans designed to cover employees for sickness or injury

involving an expense which exceeds the normal coverage
of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Tabulations or retirement pensions are limited to
plans which provide regular payments for the remainder
of the retiree’s life. Data are presented separately for
retirement severance pay (one payment or several over a
specified period of time) made to employees on
retirement. Establishments providing both retirement
severance pay and retirement pensions were considered
as having both retirement pension and retirement
severance plans. Establishments having optional plans
providing employees a choice of either retirement
severance pay or pensions were considered as having
only retirement pension benefits.
Paid funeral and jury duty leave. Data for paid funeral
and jury duty leave are limited to formal plans which
provide at least partial payment of time lost as a result
of attending funerals of specified family members oi
serving as a juror.
Technological severance pay. Data refer to formal plans
providing for payments to employees permanently
separated from the company because of technological
change or closing of a plant.

1 The temporary disability insurance laws in California and
Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.




77

A p p e n d ix B.

O c c u p a tio n a l D escrip tion s

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of
payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to
area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates respresenting comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content,
the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or
those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field staff are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, and handicapped,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

Plant Occupations

a wire from an anchor tack, which he drives on one side
of the shoe, around the drawn-in upper at the toe, to the
opposite side where he winds it around another anchor
tack, to hold upper in place until it is stitched to insole
by a later operation; or may staple upper instead of using
above methods. (3) Cement system - wiping toe in place
and holding it with wiper; trimming off surplus toe box,
lining and upper, by hand, close to insole; applying
cement to insole between lining and upper at toe and
folding over lasting allowance of upper and sticking it in
insole. If the heel also is lasted in the process, an
automatically fed hand tacking device is used to drive
tacks through the upper at the heel.

Assembler for pullover, machine

Prepares the upper for lasting by assembling the
counter and upper and operating a machine to tack the
upper to the last. Work involves: Placing counters on
rack of pan containing cement, lowering rack into pan to
apply cement to counters; inserting cemented counter
between lining and upper at the heel; setting a piece of
wax or tissue paper next to lining to facilitate removal of
last after completion of operations; placing upper on last
making certain that heel seam is in center of rear of last;
setting last on a jack and pushing jack into machine
which automatically drives tacks through the upper into
the heel seat and heel seam.

Bottom filler
Bed-machine operator

(Cushion cementer; insole filler)

(Bed laster; bed-lasting machine operator;
heel and forepart laster)

Fills depression in forepart of shoe with composition
paste of ground cork and cement to form cushion for
foot.

Completes the operations of drawing the toe, or toe
and heel, of the upper of a shoe tightly over the last.
Work involves: Setting shoe on machine with sole up,
and manipulating hand levers controlling a series of
wipers (friction pullers) which draw the upper over edge
of insole at toe or toe and heel; holding upper in place
with the wipers; securing upper at the toe in one of the
following ways: (1) McKay system - tacking upper,
using automatically fed hand-tacking device, the tacks
remaining in the finished shoe. (2) Welt system - passing



Bottom scourer

(Bottom buffer; bottom sander)
S m ooths and cleans outsoles of completely
constructed shoes by holding against revolving
abrasive-covered wheel of buffing machine.
78

Cutter, lining, machine

Shapes and polishes the edge of the sole of the shoe
by holding it against the hot iron of an edge-setting
machine. Work involves: Brushing a filler solution over
edge o f sole as far back as the heel line, to fill any small
holes and to soften the leather for the burnishing
operation; selecting proper size iron burnishing block
and setting stem of block into machine holder; heating
iron to proper temperature; holding edge of sole against
revolving surface of heated iron, manipulating shoe until
entire edge has been burnished; applying a coating of
wax to edge of sole and repeating burnishing operation.

Cuts parts of shoe lining from leather or fabricated
materials (including imitation leather), by means of a
clicking machine. Work involves: Setting lining material,
usually in multiple plies, on cutting table of machine;
selecting proper die and setting it in place on material;
depressing lever to cause upper arm to drop
automatically on the die with sufficient force to cut
material to the shape and size of die.
For wage survey purposes, Cutters, lining, machine
are classified by type of material cut as follows:
Leather
Synthetics

Edge trimmer

(Edge trimming-machine operator; trimmer, apex;
trimmer, margin)

Cutter, vamp and whole shoe, hand

Trims, cuts to size, and smooths the edge ot shoes by
turning and manipulating the side surfaces of the soles
against the revolving cutting tool of an edge-trimming
machine.

(Carver; cutter; outside, hand; cutter, sampler;
cutterout, upper; upper leather cutter)
Cuts vamps and uppers of shoes from skins or hides
with a hand knife. Work involves most o f the following:
Selecting hides or skins of desired thickness and quality;
noting location of defective spots in material, and
direction of grain of leather, setting pattern on material
in such a way as to obtain a maximum number of pieces,
and in such relation to the grain of the leather that there
will be a minimum of stretching of material in processing
shoe; drawing knife along edge of pattern, cutting part
to desired shape; bundling cut pieces and marking size
on top piece for identification.

Fancy stitcher

(Applique stitcher; blind-row stitcher; etching
stitcher; eyelet-row stitcher; stripper, stitching;
trimming stitcher)
Operates a power-driven sewing machine to stitch
decorative designs on shoe uppers, such as outlining
eyelet row, stitching imitation foxings or fancy panel
designs, running extra rows of stitching, and stitching
piping and ornamental leather strips (applique). Work
involves: Inserting material under the presser foot and
needle of machine; depressing lever to start machine;
guiding material by hand (usually along previously
marked lines on material) as stitching is performed.
Exclude stitchers on basic construction (closers) and
French cord stitchers.

Cutter, vamp and whole shoe, machine

Cuts parts of shoe uppers from hides, skins or
fabricated materials, by means of a clicking machine.
Work involves: Setting leather or other shoe material on
cutting table of machine; selecting proper die and setting
it in place on material; depressing lever to cause upper
arm to drop automatically on the die with sufficient
force to cut material to the size and shape of the die.
For wage survey purposes, Cutters, ramp and whole
shoe, machine are classified by type of material cut as
follows:

Floor boy (or girl)

(Assembly boy; floor man; router)
Delivers finished products to stock room or shipping
room and keeps stock and distributes partially finished
materials used in the manufacture of footwear to various
departments to keep workers supplied with material,
using truck or carrying material. May perform simple
machine operations under direction of foreman, such as
tempering soles and molding edges of soles.

Leather
Synthetics
Edge setter

(Edge burnisher, edge hitter)



79

Goodyear stitcher

Inspector (crowner)

(Examiner)

Operates a Goodyear stitching machine to attach the
outsole to the welt of the shoe. Work involves: Setting
the shoe, sole side up, on table rest of machine
underneath needle, and guiding shoe with hand as needle
sews around shank and forepart of shoe, the stitch
extending from a channel that was cut for it in bottom
of outsole, through outsole to upper surface to welt. The
welt extends around the edge of the sole as far back as
the breast of the heel.

Examines shoe parts, partly finished shoes in various
stages of manufacture, or finished shoes before packing.
W ork involves in sp e c tin g for the following
imperfections: Irregularity of leather surfaces; misplaced
or incompletely driven tacks; unevenness and incorrect
amount of stitching; inside misalignment; improper
proportion of toe tip. May correct minor defects or
imperfections and reject major defects for reprocessing
in proper department.

Heel attacher, machine
Janitor

(Leather or rubber heel attacher; heeling-machine
operator; leather heeler)

Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory
working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office,
apartment house, or commercial or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting
equipment, furniture or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and rest rooms.
Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Nails heels to shoes by machine. Work involves:
Placing shoe on a metal mold and putting heel in
position on shoe; swinging nail plate into place over the
heel where nails are dropped automatically into another
plate over the heel; manipulating foot lever to drive nails
through heel and heel seat and clinch them to insole on
inside of shoe.

Jointer, machine

Heel-seat laster

(Joint cutter, machine; jointer; joint maker, machine)

Operates a heel-seat lasting machine which draws the
heel section of the shoe upper tightly over the last and
automatically tacks the edges to the heel seat of the
insole. Work involves: Setting shoe on machine and
manipulating controls which cause the wiper plates to
draw the upper and lining evenly over the heel seat and
machine automatically drives tacks through upper and
insole.

Trims and shapes on a jointing machine the edge of
the shank sole of shoes at the joint between shank and
heel, starting where edge trimmer leaves off and
continuing to the heel line. Holds shoe against knife of
jointing machine; moves shoe against knife to maintain
even pressure for a neat trimming.
Littleway stitcher

Inseamer

( Goodyear-welt-sewingsewer; eppler welter)

machine

operator;

Operates a lockstitch sewing machine to attach the
outsole by stitching through the upper, lining, and insole
of shoe, except at heel seat. Work involves: Setting the
shoe, sole side up, on shoe rest of machine beneath
needle and guiding shoe with hand as needle sews around
the shank and forepart of shoe.

welt

Operates a Goodyear stitching machine that sews a
narrow strip of leather (welt) automatically fed from a
roll on the machine to the lip of the insole of the shoe.
Work involves: Guiding shoe, sole upward, under needle
of machine and stitching through welt, upper, and lining,
and insole lip against which upper and lining have been
lasted.



McKay stitcher

Operates a McKay sewing machine to attach the
outsole, midsole, or platform by chainstitching through
80

the upper, lining, and insole of shoe, except at heel seat.
Work involves: Setting the shoe, sole side up, on shoe
rest of machine underneath needle, and guiding shoe
with hand as needle sews around the shank and forepart
of shoe.

Platform-cover laster (slip-lasted shoes)

(Wrapper laster)
Operates a machine to smooth platform cover or
wrapper around the platform or platform and heel. Work
involves: Setting upper (into which last had been
inserted and platform or platform and heel had been
previously positioned) into machine; starting machine
which wipes previously cemented cover or wrapper
tightly around platform or platform and heel; removing
work from machine and examining for maintenance of
quality standards.

Mechanic, maintenance

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Examining machines and mechanical equipment to
diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly
dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement
part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a
machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of
parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines, and making all necessary adjustments for
operation. In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this
classification are workers whose primary duties involve
setting-up or adjusting machines, and workers who
specialize in the adjustment and repair of a particular
type of machine and whose period of training is
substantially shorter than that required for a
maintenance mechanic as described above.

Pullover-machine operator

(Pullers-over, machine)
Operates a machine in which the upper at the toe and
along the sides of the front of the shoe is pulled over and
tacked temporarily to the last to give preliminary
shaping to the front part of the upper and to attach it to
the insole and the last. Work involves: Setting shoe in
holding jig of machine; depressing lever to rotate
mechanism that closes top and side jaws on edge of
upper; positioning upper on last by manipulating tip
levers to align center of upper on center of last;
depressing lever to rotate mechanism through second
half of travel, and to drive tacks at toe and along the side
of the shoe, which hold upper in position until stapled
or tacked along entire edge. Excludes workers operating
machines that combine pulling and lasting (see
PULLING AND LASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR).
Pulling and lasting-machine operator

P aster, b a c k e r, o r f itte r , u p p e r, h an d

Operates machine that draws upper over last and joins
upper to insole bottom by cement. Work involves:
Making adjustments on machine to govern action of
wipers; placing shoe in steamer to soften leather;
positioning shoe in machine; and starting machine.
Operators of machines that pull and last only one part of
a shoe (toe, side, heel seat, etc.) are excluded.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by
the parts of the shoe that are pulled and lasted as
follows:

(Backer; backing paster; backing cementer; canvas
backer, upper; cementer, upper to lining; fitter,
upper to lining; paster, line and brush, hand;
paster; plain paster; reinforcer, paster; quarter and
lining fitter; upper doubler)
Reinforces vamps, tops, straps, and other parts of
shoes, by pasting to each a piece of cut-to-size canvas,
thin leather, or other lining material (doubler). Work
involves one or more o f the following: Pressing doubler
against cement-covered roll and sticking doubler to
leather parts; using backing tape which is so prepared
that it sticks when pressed on other material with a hot
iron. May paste reinforcing over only a portion of upper
that is exposed to extra wear or strain. May use simple
machine to apply glue or other adhesives to various parts
of shoe.



Toe to ball
Toe to ball and heel seat
Repairer

(Blemish remover)
Corrects imperfections in the finish of the completed
81

grasp edges of upper and draw them evenly and closely
about the last, and secures upper at sides and shanks to
bottom by using staples and tacks or cement.

shoe. Work involves most o f the following: Removing
stains, scratches, blemishes, and loose threads; blending
various shades of fluid, wax filler or crayon to affected
part of shoe. May use hand spray gun with colored dope
to cover blemished area.

For wage study purposes, Side lasters, machine are
classified by the type of lasting as follows:

Rough rounder

Staple or tack lasting
Cement lasting

(Forepart rounder; rough-rounding-machine operator;
sole rounder)

Skiver, machine, uppers or linings

Trims the edge of outsole and welt of the shoe, by
use of a rounding and channeling machine so that the
edge will extend the desired distance from shoe upper.
Work involves: Setting shoe in machine so that bottom
of shoe is toward the cutting knife, and bottom of guide
rests against upper of shoe; guiding shoe in vertical
position along bottom of guide so that edge is trimmed
at right angles to the bottom of the shoe entirely around
the perimeter of the sole of the shoe. The machine may
also cut a channel in bottom of outsole near edge, in
which the thread is embedded when sole stitching is
done.

(Skiver, outside)
Operates a machine that skives (pares) or bevels shoe
uppers or linings to reduce them to an even thickness or
to insure thinner seams or tapering edges when parts are
joined together. Work involves: Feeding part between
pressure rollers of machine to cutting knives which bevel
edges or reduce part to uniform thickness, or setting part
in guide bed of machine and depressing lever to bring
cutting knives into operation.
Sole attacher, cement process

Sewer, hand (moccasin-constructed shoes)

(Compo-conveyor operator; sole layer, machine;
sole-laying machine operator; soler)

(Moccasin sewer)
Sews plugs in moccasin-constructed shoes by hand.
Work involves most o f the following: Soaking parts in
water to soften them; positioning lasted shoe on pin
jack; pulling and tacking parts to last; punching stitch
openings in parts with awl; inserting thread through
punched openings to join plug with upper; removing
tacks and shaping seam with lasting tool; and smoothing
and polishing seams using rubbing sticks. May also raise
decorative stitches (kicker) in backstay of casual shoes.
Hand whippers and lacers, who lace plugs to uppers
through prepunched holes, are excluded.

Operates a sole-laying machine to cement outsoles
permanently to the uppers of shoes. This operation does
not relate to the positioning of soles in the
Goody ear-welt or other types of construction. Work
involves: Setting toe part of shoe on which outsole has
been positioned and heel part of last directly below
corresponding jacks (lugs) of machine; pressing air pedal
(which opens valve on pipe leading to air compressor
storage tank) to fill the air cushion and force the shoe
against the jacks which hold the outsole firmly in place
while the cement dries. May also, prior to permanent
attachment of outsole, brush a coat of solvent over the
inner surface of the outsole from the heel seat to the toe
and press outer sole on shoe, being certain that edges of
sole project evenly over edges of shoe.

Shanker

(Shank tacker; shank-piece placer; shank-piece tacker)
Attaches shank piece to the shank section of shoe to
support the arch of the shoe.

Shoe leveler, machine

(Beater out, leveling machine; inseam leveler; leveler)
Side laster, machine

Flattens the insoles or outsoles of shoes which have
had a ridge raised around the sole by the stitching
machines. Sets shoe on last of machine with sole
uppermost; depresses treadle to start machine and guides

Operates a machine to last the sides and shanks of the
upper. Work involves: Drawing out lining and upper with
handpincers, holding shoe so that pincers of machine



82

Treer

the shoe on the form under the roller back and forth and
from side to side.

(Polisher, uppers; shoe treer)
Cleans and finishes shoes by removing spots and
discolorations; may also rub uppers with a hot iron to
smooth out wrinkles. Work involves most o f the
following: Setting shoe on a treeing form, the shape of
the last, and depressing lever expanding form so that
shoe will fit tightly over it; brushing, cleaning, dressing,
and finishing shoe according to the kind of leather or
material; applying color stain or bleach to blemished
spots; smoothing out wrinkles in the uppers with a hot
iron.
Do not include shoe dressers, who may be called
treers in some plants but perform only a minor part of
the work described above.

Toe laster, automatic or semiautomatic

Operates an automatic or semi-automatic machine to
draw the toe section of shoe upper tightly over the last.
Work involves: Making adjustments on machine to
govern action of wipers, placing shoe in steamer to
soften toe section; inserting shoe in machine and
operating foot treadle to bring wipers against shoe upper
and draw edges against the last; wrapping wire loop
around temporary anchor tacks on side of shoe to hold
toe section in place or by means of cement, tacks or
staples, fastens upper to innersole.

Vamper

( Vamp closer; camp stitcher; zigzag seamer)

Top stitcher

By use of a power-driven sewing machine, sews
together the forepart of the upper (tip and vam p- and
the two quarters of a shoe. Work involves: Setting
overlapped edges together under presser foot and needle
of machine; depressing lever to start machine and
guiding material through stitching process; sewing top to
entire lower part of upper when shoe has a cut separate
from quarters, or has a whole vamp. Parts are sometimes
first pasted together by another worker to insure more
accurate stitching.

Operates a sewing machine to stitch the lining to the
upper part of a shoe and to trim off excess edges of
lining. Work involves: Fitting lining to upper to obtain
proper allowance for insertion of counter or receiving
upper and lining already fitted or cemented together;
setting parts into machine at heel seam, lowering guide
down to the edge of top of upper, and guiding parts
through machine by hand to complete stitching and
trimming operation.

Office Occupations

Clerk, general

Clerk, payroll

Is typically required to perform a variety of office
operations, usually because of impracticability of
specialization in a small office or because versatility is
essential in meeting peak requirements in larger offices.
The work generally involves the use of independent
judgment in tending to a pattern of office work from
day to day, as well as knowledge relating to phases of
office work that occur only occasionally. For example,
the range of operations performed may entail all or some
c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : A nsw ering
correspondence, preparing bills and invoices, posting to
various records, preparing payrolls, filing, etc. May
operate various office machines and type as the work
requires.

Computes wages of company employees and enters
the necessary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve:
Calculating workers’ earnings based on time or produc­
tion records; posting calculated data on payroll sheet,
showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total
wages due. May make out paychecks and assist pay­
master in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May
use a calculating machine.




Stenographer, general

Primary duty is to take dictation, involving a normal
routine vocabulary, from one or more persons either in
83

shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine; and
transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.
May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform




other relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from
a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribingmachine work.

84

Industry W a g e S tu d ie s
The most recent reports for industries included in the
Bureau’s program of industry wage surveys since January
1960 are listed below. Copies are available from the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government

Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or from any of
its regional sales offices, and from the Bureau of Labor
Statistics, Washington, D.C. 20212, or from any of its
regional offices shown on the inside back cover.

I. Occupational Wage Studies

Manufacturing
Price

Basic Iron and Steel, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1602 ............................................................................................................ $0.55
Candy and Other Confectionery Products, 1970, BLS Bulletin 1732 ........................................................................ .45
Cigar Manufacturing, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1 5 8 1 ..................................................................................................................25
Cigarette Manufacturing,1971. BLS Bulletin 1748 ...........................................................................................................30
Cotton and Man-Made Fiber Textiles, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1637 ............................................................................... 1.00
Fabricated Structural Steel, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1695 .....................................................................................................50
Fertilizer Manufacturing, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1763 ........................................................................................................... 75
Flour and Other Grain Mill Products, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1576 .................................................................................... 25
Fluid Milk Industry, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1464 ..................................................................................................................30
Footwear, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1634 .................................................................................................................................. 75
Hosiery, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1743 ......................................................................................................................................75
Industrial Chemicals, 1971. BLS B u lle tin ................................................................................................................................
Iron and Steel Foundries, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1626 ................................................................................................... 1.00
Leather Tanning and Finishing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1618 .............................................................................................. 55
Machinery Manufacturing, 1970-71. BLS Bulletin 1754 ............................................................................................ 1.00
Meat Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1677 ...................................................................................................................... 1.00
Men’s and Boys’ Separate Trousers, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1752 ........................................................................................60
Men’s and Boys’ Shirts (Except Work Shirts) and Nightwear, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1659 ............................................. 65
Men’s and Boys’ Suits and Coats, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1 7 1 6 .........................................................................................1.00
Miscellaneous Plastics Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1690 .............................................................................................. 60
Motor Vehicles and Parts, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1679 ........................................................................................................ 75
Nonferrous Foundries, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1726 ...............................................................................................................50
Paints and Varnishes, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1739 ..................................................................................................................60
Paperboard Containers and Boxes, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1 7 1 9 ..................................................................................... 1.25
Petroleum Refining, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1741 ..................................................................................................................50
Pressed or Blown Glass and Glassware, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1 7 1 3 .................................................................................... 50
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1608 ...........................................................................................60
Southern Sawmills and Planing Mills, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1694 ........................................................................................50
Structural Clay Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1697 ........................................................................................................... 65
Synthetic Fibers, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1740 ........................................................................................................................ 40
Textile Dyeing and Finishing, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1757 ................................................................................................. 70



I. Occupational Wage Studies—Continued

Manufacturing—
Continued
West Coast Sawmilling, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1704 ......................................................................................................... $0.45
Women’s and Misses’ Coats and Suits, 1970.BLS Bulletin 1728
35
Women’s and Misses’ Dresses, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1649
45
Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1651 .................................................................60
Wool Textiles, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1551
45
Work Clothing 1968. BLS Bulletin 1624 ............................................................................................................................ 50
Nonmanufacturing
Auto Dealer Repair Shops, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1689 ........................................................................................................ 50
Banking, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1703 ......................................................................................................................................65
Bituminous Coal Mining, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1583 ............................................................................................................50
Communications, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1 7 5 1 .........................................................................................................................30
Contract Cleaning Services, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1644 ........................................................................................................ 55
Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas Production, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1566 ....................................................................... 30
Educational Institutions: Nonteaching Employees, 1968— BLS Bulletin 1671 .......................................................50
69.
Electric and Gas Utilities, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1614 ........................................................................................................ 70
Hospitals, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1688 ................................................................................................................................ 1.00
Laundry and Cleaning Services, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1645 .............................................................................................. 75
Life Insurance, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1569 ............................................................................................................................30
Motion Picture Theaters, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1542 ........................................................................................................... 35
Nursing Homes and Related Facilities, 1967— BLS Bulletin 1638 .............................................................................. 75
68.
Scheduled Airlines, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1734 ..................................................................................................................... 45
Wages and Tips in Restaurants and Hotels, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1 7 1 2 ..............................................................................60
II. Other Industry Wage Studies
Employee Earnings and Hours in Nonmetropolitan Areas of the South and North Central Regions,
1965. BLS Bulletin 1552
50
Employee Earnings and Hours in Eight Metropolitan Areas of the South, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1533 ......................... 40
Employee Earnings and Hours in Retail Trade, June 1966Retail Trade (Overall Summary). BLS Bulletin 1584 ................................................................................................ 1.00
Building Materials, Hardware, and Farm Equipment Dealers. BLS Bulletin 1584-1 ................................................ 30
General Merchandise Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-2 ........................................................................................................ 55
Food Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-3 ...................................................................................................................................50
Automotive Dealers and Gasoline Service Stations. BLS Bulletin 15844 ................................................................. 50
Apparel and Accessory Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-5 ..................................................................................................... 55
Furniture, Home Furnishings, and Household Appliance Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-6 ........................................ ,50
Miscellaneous Retail Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-7 ........................................................................................................ 65




☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING O FFIC E : 1973 O - 512-383 (110)

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
REGIONAL OFFICES

Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Region II

Region VI

1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region III
P. O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)

Regions VII and VIII #
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Regions IX and X **
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Regions VII and VIII are serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X are serviced by San Francisco.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

THIRD CLASS MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D. C. 20212

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, $300




LAB-441

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