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Industry
Wage Survey

Men's and
Boys'
Suits and
Coats,
April 1970
B U L L E T IN 1716
U.S. D EPA RTM ENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics
1972




Qflytori & Montgomery Co.
Public Library
F E B 181972
DOCUMENT COLLECTION




Industry
Wage Survey

Men's and
Boys'
Suits and
Coats,
April 1970
BULLETIN 1716
U.S. D EP A R TM E N T OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner
1972




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D .C . 20402 - Price $1




P re fa c e
This bulletin summarizes the results of a Bureau o f Labor Statisitics survey of wages
and related benefits in the men’s and boys’ suit and coat manufacturing industry in April
1970. A similar study was conducted by the Bureau in April 1967.
A summary tabulation, providing national and regional information, and separate re­
leases for the following localities were issued earlier: Baltimore, Boston, Chicago,
Cincinnati, Kentucky, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, New York, N.Y., Philadelphia, Rochester,
St. Louis, and Southern New Jersey. For Baltimore, New York, and Philadelphia, releases
were issued separately for regular (inside) and cutting shops and for contract shops, as well
as for all shops. Copies o f the releases are available from the U.S. Department of Labor,
Bureau o f Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C. 20212, or any of its regional offices.
This study was conducted in the Bureau’s Office o f Wages and Industrial Relations.
The analysis was prepared by Michael J. Tighe in the Division of Occupational Wage
Structures. Field work for the survey was directed by the Assistant Regional Directors for
Operations.
Other reports available from the Bureau’s program of industry wage studies, as well
as the addresses o f the Bureau’s regional offices, are listed at the end of this bulletin.




iii




C ontents
Page

S u m m a ry ........................................................................................................................................................................
Industry characteristics ..........................................................................................................................................
Average hourly e a rn in g s..........................................................................................................................................
Occupational earnings .............................................................................................................................................
Establishment practices and supplementary wage p ro v isio n s...............................................................................
Scheduled weekly hours ...................................................................................................................................
Paid holidays .......................................................................................................................................................
Paid vacations
....................................
Health, insurance, and retirement plans
.......................................................................................................

1
1
3
4
4
4
4
4
5

Tables:
1.
2.

Average hourly earnings: By selected ch aracteristics...........................................................
Earnings distribution: All production workers .....................................................................

6
7

Occupational earnings—
3.
All s h o p s ..........................................................................................................................................
4.
By size of co m m u n ity ...................................................................................................................
5.
By type of s h o p .............................................................................................................................
6.
By size of shop .............................................................................................................................
7.
Baltimore, Md.— all s h o p s ............................................................................................................
8.
Baltimore, Md.— regular and cutting sh o p s...............................................................................
9.
Baltimore, Md.— contract s h o p s ..................................................................................................
10.
Boston, Mass.— all sh o p s...............................................................................................................
11.
Chicago, 111.— all shops ...............................................................................................................
12.
Cincinnati, O hio-K y.-Ind.— all shops .....................................................................................
13.
Kentucky— all s h o p s ......................................................................................................................
14.
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif.— all s h o p s ............................................................................
15.
New York, N.Y.— all s h o p s .........................................................................................................
16.
New York, N.Y.— regular and cutting sh o p s...........................................................................
17.
New York, N .Y .—contract s h o p s ...............................................................................................
18.
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J.— all s h o p s ...............................................................................................
19.
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J.— regular and cutting s h o p s ..................................................................
20.
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J.— contract s h o p s .....................................................................................
21.
Rochester, N.Y.— all shops .........................................................................................................
22.
St. Louis, Mo.—
111.— all shops ...................................................................................................
23.
Southern New Jersey— all shops ...............................................................................................

8
10
11
12
14
18
22
24
27
31
33
36
38
45
50
54
58
62
65
68
70

24.

Earnings relationships:

...............................................................

73

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
25.
Method of wage p a y m e n t............................................................................................................
26.
Scheduled weekly h o u r s ................................................................................................................
27.
Paid h o lid a y s ...................................................................................................................................
28.
Paid vacations ................................................................................................................................
29.
Health, insurance, and retirement plans ..................................................................................

74
75
76
77
78




Selected regions and areas

v




M en ’s and Boys’ Suits and Coats

Summary

and those producing chiefly uniforms, for slightly less
than one-tenth. Other products, such as boys’ separate
coats and suits and men’s and boys’ overcoats and top­
coats, accounted for the remainder. As indicated in the
following tabulation, the proportions o f workers in
establishments primarily producing men’s suits varied
from about seven-eighths in the Great Lakes region and
four-fifths in the Border States to one-third in New
England:

Straight-time earnings o f production and related work­
ers in men’s and boys’ suit and coat manufacturing
averaged $2.81 an hour in April 1970.1 About half o f the
103,000 production workers covered by the Bureau of
Labor Statistics survey were in the Middle Atlantic region
and averaged $3.01 an hour.2 Averages in the other
regions studied separately ranged from $2.22 an hour in
the Southeast to $2.98 in the Great Lakes.
Earnings o f 95 percent o f the workers ranged from
$1.60 to $4.50 an hour; the middle half earned between
$2.16 and $3.28. Factors contributing to this wide
dispersion o f earnings included the great variety o f job
skills required in the industry, extensive use o f incentive
pay systems, and pay levels which varied according to
region and area and even among establishments within
the same area.
Among occupations studied separately, hourly earn­
ings ranged from $4.19 for cloth cutters and markers to
$2.13 for janitors. Sewing-machine operators, two-fifths
o f the work force and by far the largest occupational
group, averaged $2.77 an hour in coat fabrication and
$2.70 in trouser fabrication.
Establishments employing almost seven-eighths o f the
industry’s work force had labor-management contracts
covering a majority o f their production workers. With
few exceptions, contracts were with the Amalgamated
Clothing Workers o f America (AFL-CIO); these contracts
usually provided for 7 paid holidays a year; paid summer
and Christmas vacations^and health, insurance, and retire­
ment benefits financed by employer contributions to
union health and welfare funds.

Men's
Men's tailored
suits jackets
United States........
New England........
Middle Atlantic . . .
Border States___
Southeast............
Great Lakes . . . .
Middle West........

14
7
14
14
28
5

3
35
2
1
5

27
49
1 8
6
11
7
3
27
22

NOTE: The survey also covered establishments primarily
engaged in manufacturing products other than those shown
above, such as boys' separate coats, and boys' overcoats and
topcoats.

Production workers in the survey numbered 103,000—
up 4.7 percent since a similar survey in April 1967. 4
Employment during the period increased 10 percent in
the Border States, 16 percent in New England, and 46
percent in the Southeast, but declined by 2 percent in
the Middle West and by 4 percent in both the Middle
Atlantic and Great Lakes regions.
In April 1970, about half o f the industry’s produc­
tion workers were in the Middle Atlantic region. The
Border States employed one-seventh and the Great Lakes
and Southeast each about one-eighth. No other region
accounted for as much as 5 percent o f the work force.

Industry characteristics

The survey covered establishments primarily engaged
in manufacturing men’s, youths’ and boys’ suits, coats,
vests, uniforms (nonathletic), overcoats, and topcoats.
Establishments primarily producing separate trousers
were excluded.3
Men’s suits were the principal product in establish­
ments employing seven-tenths o f the workers in the
survey. Establishments primarily manufacturing men’s
tailored jackets accounted for one-seventh o f the workers



69
34
71
80
48
86
46

Men's overcoats and Boys' Uni­
topcoats
suits forms

1 The earnings data in this bulletin exclude premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
(See appendix A for scope and method of survey.)
2 For definition of regions used in the survey, see table A -l
in appendix A; for definitions of areas, see tables 7-23.
3 A report on a January 1971 BLS survey of occupational
earnings in the men’s and boys’ separate trouser industry is
expected to be available by mid-1972.
4 For an account of the 1967 study, see In d u stry Wage
S u rvey: M en's a n d B o y s ' S u its a n d C oats, A p r il 1 9 6 7 , BLS
Bulletin 1594 (1968).

1

Three-fourths o f the industry’s production workers
were in metropolitan areas. Such areas accounted for vir­
tually all o f the workers in New England, approximately
nine-tenths in the Great Lakes, Middle West, and Mid­
dle Atlantic regions, about half in the Border States, and
one-fifth in the Southeast. About half of the industry’s
workers were in the nine metropolitan areas studied sep­
arately. Employment in these areas ranged from 14,412
in New York and 13,691 in Philadelphia to between
1,100 and 1,500 in Boston, Cincinnati, Los AngelesLong Beach, and St. Louis. Baltimore and Chicago each
had about 5,600 employees and Rochester, about 4,000.
Information also was tabulated separately for Southern
New Jersey (3,850 workers) and the State o f Kentucky
(4,590 workers). Men’s suits were the primary product of
establishments employing a majority o f the workers in all
but two areas. In Southern New Jersey, almost three-fifths
o f the workers were in shops where uniforms were the
principal product; in Boston, about one-half worked in
shops producing mainly overcoats and topcoats, while
two-fifths were in establishments producing men’s suits.
The survey included three types o f shops: (1) Regular
or “inside” shops own the materials and also perform
all or nearly all o f the required manufacturing operations.
These shops employed about 75 percent o f the workers in
the survey. (2) Contract shops, employing 20 percent of
the workers, perform manufacturing operations on
materials owned by others. Most o f the contract shops
were in the Middle Atlantic region, particularly in the
New York and Philadelphia areas. (3) Cutting shops own
the material and cut the cloth, but deliver it to contract
shops for the remaining processing. Cutting shops ac­
counted for less than 4 percent o f the workers, and in
this study, have been grouped with regular shops.
More than 150 distinct operations are required to
make a suit, and more than 75 to make an overcoat. Al­
though smaller shops combine operations into a single job,
the number of occupational classifications is still relatively
large. After a suit has been designed and patterns made in
various sizes, garment parts are marked, cut, and then prepa* )d for sewing by fitters who sort, match, and trim
small parts, and mark locations for pockets, buttons, belt
loops, etc. Workers engaged in sewing are usually assigned
a specific task in the assembly process, such as sewing on
buttons, sewing backs to fronts, or setting sleeves.
During the process, seams are pressed and the garment is
inspected periodically for proper workmenship.
Workers engaged in sewing operations, performed ei­
ther by hand or machine, made up slightly more than onehalf o f the industry’s production workers. Sewingmachine operators accounted for two-fifths of the work
force and greatly outnumbered workers in hand-sewing
occupations. The number o f workers in hand-sewing occu­




pations, usually employed for higher priced garments, has
declined sharply during the past decade. In coat fabrica­
tion, for example, hand basters declined from 3,983 in
March 1958 5 to 1,454 by April 1970 and hand finishers
declined from 9,568 to 6,844. During the same period,
however, total production worker employment rose by
about 5,000 and sewing-machine operators in coat fabrica­
tion increased by 7,000 to 36,555.
Women, accounting for almost three-fourths o f the
industry’s production workers in April 1970, out­
numbered men among sewing-machine operators, final
inspectors, fitters, pairers and turners, and in most hand­
sewing occupations. Men, on the other hand, were
predominant in jobs such as cutters and markers, finish
pressers, and underpressers. The proportions o f men in
the industry varied from one-sixth in the Border States
and Southeast to about one-third in the Middle Atlantic
region. Among the 11 localities studied separately, the
proportions o f men workers were about 50 percent in
New York; 30 to 40 percent in Boston, Cincinnati,
Chicago, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Philadelphia, and
Rochester; 20 to 30 percent in Baltimore and Southern
New Jersey; and from 10 to 20 percent in Kentucky and
St. Louis.
Three-fourths o f the workers were paid on an incentive
basis, nearly always individual piecework. (See table 25.) 6
The proportions o f incentive workers were five-sixths in
the Southeast, about three-fourths in the Border States,
Middle Atlantic, and Great Lakes, and three-fifths in the
Middle West and New England. In the selected localities,
the proportions amounted to slightly more than one-half
in Boston, three-fifths to slightly more than four-fifths in
nine localities, and slightly over nine-tenths in Rochester.
Establishments having collective bargaining agreements
covering a majority o f their production workers ac­
counted for seven-eighths o f the industry’s employment.
The proportions o f workers in union establishments were
one-fifth in the Southeast, two-thirds in the Middle West,
seven-eighths in the Border States, and nearly all in the
Great Lakes, Middle Atlantic, and New England regions.
Among areas studied separately, the proportions were
two-fifths in St. Louis, and nine-tenths or more in the
5 Date of first postwar nationwide survey conducted in this
industry by BLS. See Wage S tru ctu re: M en's and B o y s ' S u its and
C o a ts , M arch 1 9 5 8 , BLS Report 140 (1959).
6 Piecework rates applied to nine-tenths or more of the
sewing-machine operators, pressers and underpressers, shapers, and
workers in a number of the hand-sewing occupations. Time rates
applied to slight majorities of the workers in most of the cutting
room operations studied separately and to more than four-fifths
of the adjusters (repairmen), janitors, work distributors, stock
clerks, packers, and all-around tailors. Differences in average earn­
ings for piece rate jobs cannot be used as an accurate measure of
differences in rates of pay per unit of work produced. Earnings not
only reflect the piecework rates for a given job, but also the pro­
ductivity of the workers performing the task. Worker productivity
is affected by work experience, effort, workflow, and other factors
that the individual may or may not control.

2

others. In Kentucky, three-fifths of the workers were
employed in union establishments. Nearly all contracts
in the industry were with the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers of America (AFL-CIO).

Production workers in metropolitan areas averaged
$2.95 an hour compared with $2.40 for those in smaller
communities. Where comparisons were possible, this
differential amounted to 49 cents in the Middle Atlantic
States, 39 cents in the Border States, and 8 cents in the
Southeast.
Pay levels also differed considerably among the 11
localities studied separately. Wage levels were highest in
the New York metropolitan area ($3.31) and in Chicago
($3.26); they were lowest in Kentucky ($2.41) and in St.
Louis ($2.52). (See table 7-23.)
Average earnings in establishments employing from
5 to 250 workers exceeded those in larger establishments
by 22 cents an hour in New England and 12 cents in the
Middle Atlantic States. Averages in the other regions were
higher in the larger establishments, by amounts ranging
from 28 cents an hour in the Middle West to 5 cents in the
Southeast. In New England and the Middle Atlantic
States, the higher pay levels of the smaller shops reflected
their concentration in the relatively high paying Boston
and New York areas. Boston, for example, accounted for
almost three-fifths of New England’s employment in small
shops, compared with only one-eighth of the employment
in large establishments. Similarly, New York had about
one-half of the small shop employment, but only oneseventh of the large shop employment, in the Middle
Atlantic region.

Average hourly earnings

Straight-time earnings of the 103,000 production and
related workers covered by the study averaged $2.81 an
hour in April I960,7 23 percent more than in April 1967
when a similar survey was conducted.8 This increase, aver­
aging 7.2 percent annually, resulted mostly from general
wage adjustments granted under terms of collective
bargaining agreements between the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers of America (ACWA) and the Clothing Manufac­
turers’ Association of the United States. These agreements,
which covered a large majority of the workers in the
survey, provided increases each June from 1967 through
1969 totaling 52.5 cents-an-hour for workers on a 40-hour
week and 58.3 cents for those on a 36-hour week. 9 The
agreements also set nationwide minimum rates and a rate
progression scale for both time and incentive workers in
the various occupations in the industry. At the time of the
survey, advancement from the starting rate to the maxi­
mum guaranteed rate required from 8 to 24 months of
service, depending on occupation.
In April 1970, average hourly earnings for production
workers ranged from $3.01 in the Middle Atlantic States
and $2.98 in the Great Lakes to $2.22 in the Southeast.
(See table 1.) Men averaged more than women in each
region by amounts ranging from 87 cents in the Middle
Atlantic and 83 cents in the Great Lakes to 34 cents in
the Southeast. Women were employed largely as sewingmachine operators and hand finishers, whereas, men were
predominant in higher paying jobs, such as cutters and
markers, finish pressers, and underpressers.
Differences in average pay levels for men and women
may result from several factors, including variation
in the distribution of the sexes among establishments
and, as indicated above, among jobs with disparate
pay levels. Differences noted in averages for men and
women in the same job and area may reflect possible
minor differences in duties. Job descriptions used to class­
ify workers in wage surveys usually are more generalized
than those used in individual establishments because
allowance must be made for possible minor differences
among establishments in specific duties performed. As
noted earlier, earnings in some jobs are determined largely
by production at piece rates. Variations in incentive earn­
ings for individuals or sex groupings may be traceable to
differences in work experience, effort, workflow, or other
factors which the worker may or may not control.




7 The straight-tim e average hourly earnings in th is bulletin
differ in con cep t from the gross average hourly earnings published
in th e Bureau’s m on th ly hours and earnings series ($ 2 .8 8 in April
1 9 7 0 ). Unlike the latter, estim ates presented here exclu d e prem i­
um pay for overtim e and for work on w eek en ds, h olid ays, and late
shifts. Average earnings were calculated by sum m ing individual
hourly earnings and dividing by the num ber o f individuals; in the
m on th ly series, the sum o f the man-hour totals reported by
establishm ents in th e industry w as divided in to the rep otted
pay roll totals.
The estim ate o f the num ber o f produ ction w orkers w ithin
scop e o f the stu d y is intended only as a general guide to the size
and com p ostion o f th e labor force included in th e survey. If dif­
fers from the num ber published in the m on th ly series (1 1 3 .2
thousand in April 1 9 7 0 ) b y the exclu sion o f jobbers and establish­
m ents em ployin g few er than 5 workers. Planning for the survey
required that lists o f establishm ents be assem bled considerably in
advance o f data co llectio n . Thus, establishm ents n ew to the indus­
try are o m itted , as are establishm ents originally classified in the
m en’s and b o y s’ suit and coat industry but fou n d to be in other
industries at the tim e o f the survey. A lso om itted are establish­
m ents m anufacturing m en ’s and boys* suits and coats, but class­
ified incorrectly in other industries at the tim e the lists were co m ­
piled.
8 Op. cit., BLS 1594.
9 For workers on a 40-hour w eek , the increases were 10 cen ts *
in June 1 967, 25 cen ts in June 1 9 6 8 , and 17.5 cents in June 1969.
For those working 36 hours, the corresponding am ounts were 11.1
cen ts, 2 7 .8 cen ts, and 19.4 cen ts. A dditional hourly pay increases
o f 15-cents for 40-hour workers and 16.7 cents for those working
36 hours were effective June 1, 19 7 0 , but are n ot included in the
earnings data o f this bulletin.

3

Earnings in contract shops averaged $2.91 an hour—
12 cents more than in regular and cutting shops. Dif­
ferences in location between the two types o f shops also
influenced this nationwide relationship. To illustrate, the
high-wage New York area accounted for about one-third
of all contract shop production workers, but for only
one-tenth of those in regular and cutting shops. Earnings
in regular and cutting shops, however, exceeded those in
contract shops (which typically do not employ the rela­
tively high-paid cutters and markers) in New York ($3.38
compared with $3.22) and in Baltimore ($2.87 compared
with $2.81). In Philadelphia, the other area where this
comparison could be made, identical averages of $3.06
were recorded for both shop groups.
Ninety-five percent of the workers earned from $1.60
to $4.50 an hour. (See table 2.) The middle half of the
workers earned between $2.16 and $3.28. The propor­
tions of workers paid below $2 an hour varied from about
two-fifths in the Southeast and the Middle West to less
than one-tenth in the Great Lakes and Middle Atlantic
regions.

Occupational pay relationships also varied by areas.
In Chicago, for instance, adjusters (repairmen) averaged
57 cents more than machine finish pressers (coat fabri­
cation). In St. Louis, however, machine finish pressers had
the higher average ($3.59 compared with $3.53). Simi­
larly, markers averaged more than cloth cutters in New
York and Baltimore, but the relationship was reversed in
all other areas where comparisons were possible.
Earnings of individual! workers varied widely within
the same job and area. For some jobs, particularly those
typically paid under incentive systems, there was consid­
erable dispersion even within the same establishment.
Frequently, the difference between the highest and low­
est paid workers in the same establishment and job ex­
ceeded $2 an hour.
Establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions

Information also was obtained on work schedules and
on various supplementary benefits including paid holidays,
paid vacations, and health, insurance, and retirement
pension plans.

Occupational earnings

Scheduled weekly hours. Work schedules of 40 hours
a week were in effect in establishments employing almost
seven-eighths of the production workers in the industry at
the time of the survey. (See table 26.) Forty-hour sched­
ules applied to large majorities of workers in all regions
and localities studied separately except in Chicago; in that
area, slightly more than half were scheduled to work 35
hours— down from 40 hours in April 1967.
Paid holidays. Paid holidays were provided by estab­
lishments employing about seven-eighths or more of the
workers in all regions. (See table 27.) Provisions for 7 days
applied to large majorities of the workers in 5 of the 6 re­
gions; in the Southeast, fewer than 7 paid holidays usually
were provided. Where ACWA provisions applied, holiday
pay was computed in the following manner: For time­
rated workers, pay for each holiday equaled one-fifth of
the employee’s current weekly rate; for incentive paid
workers, holiday pay was 8 times the employee’s straighttime average hourly earnings, computed in a manner
similar to that used to determine the first week of summer
vacation pay. (See paid vacations.)
Paid vacations. Virtually all production workers were
in establishments providing paid vacations after qualifying
periods of service. (See table 28.) Establishments having
agreements with the ACWA usually provided summer
vacation pay as follows: One-half week’s pay after 6 but
less than 9 months of service; three-fourths week’s pay
after 9 months but less than 1 year of service; and 2
weeks’ pay after 1 year or more of service. For time-rated

The survey also developed earnings information sep­
arately for a number of individual occupations selected
to represent the skill levels and manufacturing operations
found in the industry. (See table 3.) Average earnings in
these jobs, which accounted for five-sixths of the work
force, ranged from $2.13 an hour for janitors to $4.19 for
cloth cutters and markers. Other jobs averaging $3.30 an
hour or more included lining cutters ($3.84), hand finish
pressers in coat fabrication ($3.68), and finish pressers in
trouser fabrication ($3.30). All of these occupations were
staffed predominantly by men.
Sewing-machine operators, two-fifths of all production
workers and by far the largest occupational group in the
industry, averaged $2.77 an hour in coat fabrication and
$2.70 in trouser fabrication. Their earnings, however,
varied by specific operation performed. In the Middle
Atlantic region, for instance, workers sewing in coat
sleeves averaged $3.43 an hour— 84 cents more than
those attaching buttons; in trouser fabrication, averages
ranged from $3.10 for sewers attaching zippers to $2.65
for sergers.
Table 24 presents regional and locality averages for
eight selected jobs as a percent of their respective nation­
wide averages. The tabulation illustrates, for example, that
regional pay levels varied more widely for relatively high
paid jobs, such as adjusters (repairmen), cutters and
markers, and machine finish pressers than for the lower
paying jobs of work distributors and thread trimmers.




4

workers, pay for the first week of vacation equals the
employee’s current regular weekly rate; for incentive-paid
workers, pay for the first week equals 40 times the em­
ployee’s straight-time average hourly earnings for the 4
busiest consecutive weeks of the vacation year. The
second week’s vacation pay is the same as the first week
for employees who worked at least 1,200 hours during the
year ending May 31; for those who worked fewer than
1,200 hours, compensation is 2l percent of the em­
A
ployee’s straight-time earnings during the year ending May
31. In addition, workers who have at least a year of serv­
ice received a week of vacation pay at Christmas com­
puted in a manner similar to that used to determine the
second week of the preceding summer’s vacation pay.
Health, insurance, and retirement plans. Health and
insurance benefits were provided to workers in estab­
lishments with ACWA contracts through the Amalga­
mated Social Insurance Fund, to which employers contrib­
uted 4.2 percent of gross wages each pay period. (See table
29.) Benefits available from the fund included $3,000 of
life insurance, sickness and accident insurance, and hospi­
talization, medical, and surgical benefits. Hospital, sur­
gical, and medical benefits also were available to families
of employees.




Services of a union health center were available to
employees in five areas— Baltimore, Chicago, New
York, Philadelphia, and Rochester. To maintain these
centers, employers contributed 1.5 percent of gross
wages in Chicago; 1.267 percent in Rochester; 1.145
percent in Philadelphia; 2 percent in Baltimore; and
five-sixteenths of 1 percent in New York. In New York,
each employee also contributed $12 annually to the
center, and in Philadelphia, employees initially contrib­
uted $20.
Retirement benefits were provided by establish­
ments employing slightly more than nine-tenths of
the industry’s production work force. For ACWA mem­
bers, employers contributed 4.5 percent of gross wages
payable each pay period through the Amalgamated
Retirement Fund. The fund provides retirement pay­
ments of $85 a month in addition to Federal social
security to qualified workers begining at age 65.
Additional monthly payments are made to eligible em­
ployees for each year of service after 20 and/or for
average annual earnings over $5,000 for the 5 years
before retirement. Workers may retire at age 62, or on
disability, if otherwise eligible, at proportionately reduced
retirement benefits.

5

T a b le 1. A v e ra g e hourly earnings: B y selected characteristics
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y
s e l e c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , A p r i l 1970)
U nited S ta tes 2
Item

Num ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

New England
Num ber
of
workers

M id d le A tlan tic

A verage
hourly
earnings

Num ber
of
w orkers

B o r d e r S ta tes

A verage
hourly
earnings

N um ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

S o u th east
Num ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

G reat Lakes
N um ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

M iddl e W e st
Num ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s _____________________________
W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------M e n __________ ________ _______ _____________________

102,998
75,276
2 7,722

$2. 81
2. 58
3. 43

4,4 7 5
3,3 0 3
1 , 172

$2 . 7 2
2. 53
3. 2 5

50,616
33,075
17,541

$3. 01
2. 71
3. 58

15,113
12,821
2,2 9 2

$2. 65
2. 57
3. 1 1

12,943
10,870
2,0 7 3

$2. 22
2. 16
2. 50

13,251
9,856
3, 395

$2 . 98
2. 77
3. 60

1,9 8 6
1,640
346

$2. 34
2. 23
2. 84

S ize of c o m m u n ity :
M e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s 3_____________________________
N o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s _________________________

77,607
25,391

2. 95
2. 40

4 ,475
-

2. 72

43,925
6,691

3. 08
2. 59

7 ,910
7,203

2. 84
2. 45

2 ,629
10,314

2. 28
2. 20

12,309
-

3. 00
-

1,7 4 5
"

2. 37
-

8 2,686

2. 79

3,849

2. 69

34,828

3. 00

13,271

2. 63

11,884

2. 25

13,059

2. 99

1,9 6 5

2. 34

61,771
17,301
2 0,312

2. 82
2. 55
2. 91

3,824

2. 69

24,788
8,016
15,788

3. 09
2. 55
3. 03

7,9 1 0
4 ,134
-

2. 59
2. 63
-

8 ,770

2. 19

11,048

3. 03

1,9 6 5

2. 34

31,780
71,218

2. 87
2. 78

2,067
2,408

18,927
31,689

3. 09
2. 97

3,8 4 5
11,268

2. 59
2. 67

2,004
10,939

T y p e of shop:
R e g u l a r a n d c u t t i n g s h o p s 4____________________
R e g u l a r s h o p s w i t h ---C u t t i n g a n d s e w i n g o p e r a t i o n s _________
S e w i n g o p e r a t i o n s o n l y __________________
C o n t r a c t s h o p s ___________________________________
S ize of shop:
5—24 9 w o r k e r s ___________________________________
2 5 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ___________________________

1 E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay for o v e r tim e
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d i t i o n
3 The te rm "m etro p o lita n a r e a " used
t h e B u d g e t ) t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 19 6 8 .
4 T h r e e t y p e s of s h o p s a r e i n c l u d e d in
m a t e r i a l a n d cu t the c lo th , a n d d e l i v e r to
f o r c e , w e r e c o m b i n e d w ith r e g u l a r s h o p s in
NOTE:

Dashes




indicate

no d a t a

"

-

-

-

2. 84
2. 62

a n d fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
F o r d e f in i t i o n of r e g io n s u s e d in th is o r
in t h i s s t u d y r e f e r s to t h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s a s

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2. 18
2. 23

2,631
10,620

2. 83
3. 02

s u b s e q u e n t t a b l e s s e e a p p e n d i x A.
d e f i n e d b y t h e U. S. O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t ( f o r m e r l y

917
1,069

the U .S .

2. 19
2. 47

B ureau

of

the industry:
R e g u l a r o r " i n s id e " s h o p s w h ic h own th e m a t e r i a l an d p e r f o r m all o r n e a r l y a l l o f th e m a n u f a c t u r i n g p r o c e s s e s ; cu ttin g s h o p s w h ich own the
c o n t r a c t sh o p s ; an d c o n t r a c t shops w h ic h do t a i l o r i n g f o r o w n e r s of th e g o o d s .
C u ttin g s h o p s , a c c o u n tin g fo r l e s s t h a n 3 p e r c e n t of the i n d u s tr y 's w o rk
this survey.

reported

o r d a t a t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n

crite ria.

T a b le 2. E arnings distribution: All production w o rke rs
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , 1
U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , A p r i l 1970 )
United S tates 2
A v e rag e hourly earnings 1
Total

Wom en

Men

New
England

M iddle
A tlantic

B order
S tates

S o u th east

G reat
Lakes

M iddle
W est

Under
$ 1.6 0
$ 1.65
$ 1. 7 0

$ 1 . 6 0 _________________________________________
a n d u n d e r $ 1.6 5 __ ___
___ _ __ _ _ _____
a n d u n d e r $ 1 . 7 0 ___ _____
___ __________
___ — . _ _
_________
a n d u n d e r $ 1,75_

0.1
3. 7
1.1
1.7

0.1
4.6
1.4
2 .0

(' )
1.2
.3
.6

0.1
3 .8
.6
1.2

(M
1.8
.5
.7

0. 2
4.0
1.1
1.2

(3 )
10 .0
1.9
6 .6

(3 )
1.6
.5
.7

9.1
1.4
4 .7

$
$
$
$
$

1.75
1.8 0
1.85
1.9 0
1.95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

1 . 8 0 _______
... _
_
1 . 8 5 ___ ______ _ _____
.
1 . 9 0 — __________ _
___
1 . 9 5 _____________________________
2 . 0 0 __
_ ______
. . . _____ .

2. 0
1.7
1.9
1.8
1.6

2.3
2.1
2.1
2. 2
2 .0

1.4
.6
1.2
.7
.6

2.3
1.9
2.1
1.3
2. 9

1.4
1.0
1.2
1.2
1.0

1.4
1.2
1.9
1.3
1.7

5.1
5 .0
4 .6
5.1
3 .4

1.1
1.1
1.1
1.0
.9

4 .8
5 .0
4 .2
4.1
3 .7

$ 2.00
$ 2 .3 0
$ 2.20
$ 2.30
$ 2.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2 . 1 0 . ___
__________ _________
2 . 2 0 _ . ____________ ____
_____
2. 3 0_______
________________ _
2.40__ _______________ _______
2 . 5 0 . _ __________ _______ __

6.6
4.8
5.4
4 .5
5. 9

7.8
5.8
6. 3
5.3
7. 0

3 .4
2 .0
3.1
2 .2
2.8

7.6
5.4
7.9
4.8
6.0

6 .3
4.2
4.9
4.2
4.8

6 .9
5.4
5 .8
5.1
9 .8

8.3
6.8
6.3
5.4
5. 5

4 .6
4 .1
4.9
4.2
6 .3

10.4
6.1
6.1
4.1
6 .4

$
$
$
$
$

2.5 0
2.60
2.70
2.80
2.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2 . 6 0 . — ________________________
2 . 7 0 ___ __________________________
2 . 8 0 ______ __________________
2 . 9 0 ____________________ „ _____
3 . 0 0 ___ ___________________ ______

5.7
4.7
4.4
3. 8
3.7

6 .4
5.4
4.8
4 .3
3 .9

3. 6
2.8
3. 3
2.3
3 .2

5 .9
4.8
4.8
2. 9
2. 9

5.7
4.8
4.5
4 .1
4.0

6 .5
5 .7
4.8
4 .1
4.0

5.1
3.7
3 .0
2.5
2 .0

5.5
5.0
5.4
4 .5
4 .6

3.9
2.8
2.9
2.1
2.4

$ 3 .0 0
$ 3.10
$ 3.20
$ 1.3 0
$ 3.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 . 1 0 ____________ _____
____
$ 3 . 2 0 „ ____ _____ . . .
______
$ 3 . 3 0. _ _ _ _
____
_____
$ 3.40__
. . . _____
________
$ 3 . 5 0 — ______
_____ . . . . . .

3.8
3 .3
3 .4
2. 4
2 .2

3 .8
3.2
3. 2
2. 2
2 ,0

3 .7
3.5
4.0
2 .8
3 .0

3 .5
3.0
3.0
2.0
2. 0

4.2
3.8
3.4
2.7
2.7

3.8
2 .9
5 .4
2.5
1.9

2.3
1.5
2.3
.6
.7

4.0
3 .9
3.6
3 .0
2.9

2 .4
2.3
1.3
2.1
1.2

$
$
$
$
$

3.50
3.60
3.70
3.80
3.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

3 . 6 0 _______ _______ . __ . . .
3 . 7 0 ___ _ ________
„ ___
3.80
..
_________ __________
3 . 9 0 — „„ _____ _ __
____
4 . 0 0 . — ____ ___
______ ___

2. 4
2.0
1.8
1.7
1.6

1.8
1.5
1.2
1.0
.8

4.0
3. 3
3 .4
3.7
3 .7

2.1
2. 5
1.6
2.3
1.1

2 .8
2 .4
2 .2
2.0
2.1

2.3
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.1

.5
.4
.3
.4
.2

3.3
2.5
2.9
2 .2
1.9

.7
1.0
.7
.5
.5

$ 4.00
$ 4 .1 0
$ 4.20
$ 4.30
$ 4.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 . 1 0 ___
____________________ _
$ 4 . 2 0 ____________
____________
$ 4 . 3 0 _____________________________
$ 4 . 4 0 ___
_______________________
$ 4 . 5 0 . _________ _ ____ ________

1.6
1.1
1.2
1.2
.6

.8
,5
.5
.4
.2

4.0
3 .0
3.0
3. 2
1.6

1.1
.9
1.1
.9
.3

2.1
1.6
1.8
1.9
.9

1.4
.7
.5
.3
.1

.1
.1
.1
(3 )
.1

1.9
1.3
1.0
1.0
.8

.5
.5
.2
.1
.3

$ 4 . 5 0 a n d o v e r ___

________________________

_____

4.8

1.2

3 .4

7. 0

1.2

.1

6 .4

1.9

____ _______

100.0

100.0

1 0 0 .0

100.0

100.0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

10 0. 0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------

102, 99 8

75,276

2 7, 722

4,475

5 0 , 61 6

15, 113

12,943

13,251

1,986

A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1______________ ___ ______

$2.81

$2.58

$3.43

$2.72

$3.01

$2.65

$2.22

$2.98

$2.34

T o t a l _______________ ___

______

1 4 . 64

1

and




E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
^ L e s s th a n 0.05 p e r c e n t .
4 P e r c e n t a g e d i s t r i b u t i o n of w o r k e r s w a s a s f o l l o w s :
1.7 p e r c e n t a t $ 4 . 5 0 t o $ 4 . 6 0 ; 2. 6 a t $ 4 . 6 0 t o $ 4 . 7 0 ;
5.7 at $ 5 a n d o v e r .
NOTE:

Because

of r o u n d in g ,

sum s

of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s

m ay

not eq u a l

100.

1.9 a t $ 4 . 7 0 t o $ 4 . 8 0 ;

1.5 a t $ 4 . 8 0 t o $ 4 . 9 0 ;

1.0 a t $ 4 . 9 0 t o $ 5;

T a b le 3 . O c c u p a tio n a l averages: A ll shops
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u it a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , A p r i l 1 97 0)
United S ta te s 2
New England
Total
O ccupation

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

IViiUUIC

1dll L1C
.

. oiaics

Great Lakes

M iddle W est

Men

W omen

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earnings

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

$2.88
2.50

_
188
649
_

_
$4.05
4.25
_

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

S elec te d p ro d u c tio n o ccu p atio n s
C utting
C u t t e r s , c l o t h _____________ _________________________
C u t t e r s , l i n i n g ----------------------------------------------------------C u t t e r s a n d m a r k e r s , c l o t h ______________________
M a r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------S p r e a d e r s ____________________________________________

962
65 6
2 , 302
53 0
490

$ 3. 97
3.84
4.19
3.64
2.90

109
67
161
185
134

$3.15
2.8 3
3.04
2. 8 4
2.9 4

853
589
2 , 141
34 5
356

$4.08
3 .9 5
4.28
4.06
2.89

23
20
64
15
36

62 7
827
459
985
77 4
6, 844
1, 115
1,729
1, 16 9
1, 2 5 4
4, 685
3 6,555
785
1,090
1, 32 0
77 5

3.08
3 .1 3
2.7 1
2.84
3.04
2.57
3.08
2.4 1
2.5 3
3.6 8
3.4 8
2.77
2. 93
2.88
2.80
2 .7 7

49 7
527
45 5
95 9
50 9
6, 77 9
781
1,4 9 0
1,0 4 4
345
1, 3 55
32,762
670
972
1,202
713

2.86
2. 82
2. 7 0
2.81
2.73
2.57
2.62
2.32
2.43
2.73
2.77
2.67
2.83
2, 80
2.7 2
2.70

130
300
26
26 5
65
334
239
1 25
909
3, 350
3, 7 9 3
115
118
118
62

3 .9 2
3.68

-

1,257
544
716
586

2.91
2.9 1
2.50
2 .8 5

1, 134
516
705
49 5

2.8 3
2. 8 4
2.4 9
2. 63

62 6
1, 130
35 9
95 4
63 7
7 84

2.82
2.72
2.68
2.78
2.7 1
2.87

537
996
33 8
888
562
69 4

1, 3 7 8
1,5 0 4
71 0
3, 363
700
891
1,6 2 1
1 ,604
60 0
436
38 3
176
579
2, 78 3
4, 696

2.63
2.92
2.89
2.95
2 .7 5
2.98
3.04
2.73
2.73
2.87
2.90
3.29
3.11
2.30
3.11

1, 317
1, 297
62 0
2, 68 0
662
737
1,275
1,498
556
251
27 3
93
126
2, 7 5 8
1, 851

$3.46
3.44
4.23
3.27
2.44

560
258
1,085
182
105

$4 .4 1
4.22
4.44
4.69
3.58

140
97
372
159
139

$3 .3 1
3 .5 7
3.61
3 .2 6
2 .9 4

110
45
-

no
130

-

2.59
2 .2 0

-

-

39
22
31
36
14

$3 .3 3
2 .3 9
2 .8 0
3.11
2 .1 6

Coat fa b rica tio n
B a s t e r s , a r m h o l e , h a n d ___________________________
B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , h a n d __________________
B u t t o n s e w e r s , h a n d -----------------------------------------------B u t t o n h o l e m a k e r s , h a n d __________________________
C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d ---------------------------------------------F i n i s h e r s , h a n d ---------------------------------- ------------------F i t t e r s ____ _________________________________________
In s p e c to rs , final - _
_
-----------------------------P a i r e r s a n d t u r n e r s ------ ------------------------------------------P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , h a n d ----------------------------------------P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e ------------------------------------S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 3 ---------------------------------B a s t e e d g e s ----------------------------------------------------------B a s t e , j u m p - s t i t c h m a c h i n e , a r m h o l e ---------B a s t e , j u m p - s t i t c h m a c h i n e , c a n v a s ________
B a s t e , j u m p - s t i t c h m a c h i n e , f a c i n g s -----------B a s te , j u m p - s t it c h m a c h in e , lin in g s
a n d y o k e s _________________ ______________ _______
B o o k e d g e s _______________________________________
B u t t o n s e w i n g - ----------------------------- -- ------------------B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g ---------------------------------------------C o lla r p re p a rin g , ex cep t p iecin g
o r p a d d i n g ----------------------------------------------------------C o l l a r s e t t i n g ------------------------------------------------------F a c i n g t a c k i n g ----------------------------------------------------F e l l b o d y l i n i n g , b o t t o m a n d s i d e ------------------J o i n s h o u l d e r , c l o t h ----------------------------------------J o i n s i d e s e a m s -------------------------------------------------Jo in u n d e r c o l l a r , jo in s le e v e lining,
o r p i e c e p o c k e t s ---------------------------- ---------------L i n i n g m a k e r , b o d y --------------------------------------- .
P a d c o l l a r a n d l a p e l s ----------------------------------------P o c k e t s e t t i n g a n d t a c k i n g -------------------------------S e w d a r t s , c l o t h ---------- ---------------------------------S e w e d g e t a p e ------------------------------------------------------S e w i n s l e e v e - . -------------------------------------------------S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h ----------------------------- ----------T a p e a r m h o l e s . . ------------------------------------------------S h a p e r s , e d g e a n d b o t t o m , c l i c k e r m a c h i n e ----S h a p e r s , e d g e a n d b o t t o m , h a n d ------ --------------S h a p e r s , u n d e r c o l l a r , h a n d ---------------------------------T a i l o r s , a l l a r o u n d -----------------------------------------------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s t i n g p u l l e r s ----------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ----------------------------- ------ ----------------------

See footnotes




at end of ta b le .

_

_

_

3.96
3.63
3 .3 7
4.14
2.97
3.38
4.03
3.7 6
3. 67
3.51
3.53
3.60
3.48

9
46
33
20 5
41
76
53
56
178
1,853
33
25
26
19

2.62
3.12
2.82
2 .6 1
2.44
2.39
2.1 6
2.9 6
3. 96
2.70
3. 12
2.83
2.68
3 .0 1

473
551
289
53 2
397
4, 0 5 4
552
95 9
715
877
2,3 8 9
17,139
372
528
63 2
36 5

3.19
3.28
2.76
2.82
3.23
2.57
3. 51
2.49
2.6 1
3.88
3.75
3 .0 4
3. 20
3.06
3.00
2.95

71
63
51
21 2
134
1,080
223
283
1 33
138
657
5, 3 2 8
132
154
250
118

2 .6 6
2 .4 7
2.69
2 .7 3
2.80
2 .5 1
2 .5 5
2 .4 2
2.58
3. 25
3.21
2.68
2.74
2.74
2 .6 6
2 .7 5

190
1 29
26
722
5, 9 3 5
114
107
189
115

123
28
11
91

3.62
4.21
3.34
4.03

32
11
44
35

3.39
2.84
2.44
2.68

644
28 0
382
31 5

3.12
3.14
2.59
3.18

207
92
65
70

2 .7 6
2.74
2 .7 0
2 .6 6

2.71
2. 5 9
2.6 3
2. 6 9
2 .5 8
2.7 5

89
134
21
66
75
90

3.51
3 .6 7
3.40
4.08
3.68
3.81

44
50
8
50
19
29

2.69
2.89
2.74
2.74
2.88
3.09

312
536
161
412
2 95
347

3.09
2.96
3.13
3.04
3.00
3.19

81
143
52
123
76
110

2. 6 0
2 .7 9
2.71
2 .7 4
2.7 0
2.76
2 .7 8
2. 66
2. 6 9
2. 5 9
2. 50
2. 7 3
2. 77
2. 2 9
2.56

61
207
90
683
38
154
346
106
44
185
110
83
453
25
2, 845

3 .2 5
3 .7 7
4.12
3.79
3.63
4.00
3.98
3. 6 7
3.19
3 .2 5
3. 9 2
3. 91
3.20
3.13
3.47

60
95
24
149
14
44
57
46
15
13
6
35
185
173

2.68
2.82
2.95
3.18
2.54
2.78
2.98
2.97
3.1 1
3.20
3.46
3.09
2.18
3.08

56 4
832
346
1, 77 4
365
398
751
81 3
298
174
190
97
24 3
1, 38 8
2,463

2.86
3.13
3.23
3.28
2.98
3.39
3.43
2.94
2.92
3.09
3.20
3.48
3.18
2.32
3.27

204
25 5
87
510
113
148
24 7
254
72
59
73
33
37
344
673

-

-

_
2.29

_

.

2. 1 1
2 .0 4
2. 42
2.60
2 .1 9
2.2 6
2.5 1
2 .3 7
2 .2 5

38
140
71
173
1, 136
108
84
78
65
486
3, 8 5 6
90
207
167
106

2.98
2 .9 3
2 .6 3
2.88
2.69
2 .9 0
2 .6 5
3.11
3.17
3.85
2.8 7
2.9 2
2 .8 6
2. 7 6
2 .7 2

6
17
92
25
49
18
10
101
774
21
18
14
15

2 .0 6
2. 2 7
_
2 .3 2
2 .3 8
2.08
2.32
2.1 9
3.0 9
2.3 0
2.51
2.78
2 .7 3
2 .5 6

155
83
132
85

2 .3 4
2 .2 2
2.08
2 .2 2

99
40
52
42

2 .9 4
3 .3 2
3. 0 0
2.69

24
11
12
18

2 .5 0
2.58
2 .2 6
2 .2 9

2 .6 6
2.79
2.5 1
2 .7 1
2 .6 3
2.70

71
26 6
63
20 6
148
146

2 .1 6
2.18
2.02
2 .1 7
2 .1 2
2 .1 2

69
69
31
100
58
96

2 .6 0
2.9 1
2 .6 2
3 .1 4
2. 9 6
3 .2 0

13
26
15
23
9
13

2 .5 6
2.2 7
2.17
2. 4 5
2.2 7
2. 6 5

2 .5 1
2 .7 2
2 .6 2
2 .6 7
2 .5 7
2 .7 3
2.89
2 .6 3
2.69
2.94
2 .5 2
2.83
2 .9 3
2 .3 2
2.90

271
98
85
508
100
134
231
2 63
115
117
37
7
2 88
5 41

2.14
2 .3 2
2 .1 7
2.24
2.19
2 .2 7
2 .2 6
2.20
2 .1 7
2 .6 3
2.13
2 .1 2
_
2.19
2 .3 9

171
122
108
189
77
112
20 0
116
72
36
58
23
195
41 7
582

2.88
2 .7 6
2 .8 1
2 .8 2
2 .7 6
2 .8 7
3 .0 0
2. 81
2 .8 2
2 .8 0
2 .9 7
3.7 7
3 .0 9
2.38
3 .4 4

25
22
16
51
10
15
29
31

2.5 2
2. 2 5
2 .2 2
2. 3 2
2 .5 6
2.39
2 .5 4
2 .3 4

_
46
-

-

-

_
10
7
12
36
74

-

2 .4 5
2. 5 6
3. 00
1.91
2. 63

T a b le 3. O c c u p a tio n a l averages: A ll shops— C ontinued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , A p r i l 1970)
U nited S ta tes 2
New England
Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

O ccupation

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

Ay i /-I.* 1^ Af 12 v\f i
f 3

W oc f

G reat Lakes

M en

Women

Total

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings.

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earnings

Num­
ber
of
wo r k ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

$ 3 .2 2
3.44
3.45
3.59
4.04
3.34
3.7 1
3.84
3 .5 5
3.49
3.89
3.34
3.56
2. 2 9

7
12
195
10
9
13
6
12
41
12
6
8
18

$2.55
2.86
2.69
3.13
2.89
_
2.50
3.47
3.19
_
2.74
2.42
2.78
2.76
2.85

123
216
205
2 ,789
117
160
65
177
70
139
82
452
47
97
185
70
129
190
312

$ 2 .6 7
3.69
2.98
2.92
2.95
3.03
3.10
2.87
2.79
2.94
3.08
2.90
2.78
2.96
2.65
3.08
2.76
2. 6 1
3.13

19
51
33
791
28
40
18
40
25
43
14
108
22
34
54
15
54
32
72

$ 2 .2 0
2 .7 0
2 .4 0
2.39
2 .5 2
2.49
2 .4 2
2 .5 9
2.38
2 .3 2
2.59
2.48
2.24
2.43
2.28
2 .6 5
2.45
2.20
2.54

32
76
801
39
44
23
51
22
32
28
69
26
41
53
12
37

3 .2 7

56

2. 1 5

3.5 2
2.13
2. 7 1
2.64
2.54
2.26

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

12
37
36
15
6
67

3.89
2. 0 1
2.16
2.39
2.33
2.30

176
371
390
307
116
835

3.72
2.14
2.79
2.75
2.81
2.23

88
139
64
56
53
148

3 .5 0
2 .1 2
2.29
2.44
2 .4 5
2.38

107
152
128
84
66
3 28

2. 91
1.85
2 .3 3
2.14
1.95
2.04

A ver­
age
hourly
earn___iH£s ___

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn_ _i H gs ___

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

$2 .07
-

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o cc u p a tio n s — C ontinued
T ro u s e r fa b rica tio n
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ____________________________________
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h -------------------------------------------------- S e w e r s , h a n d -----------------------------------------------------------S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 3 ______________________
A t t a c h f l y _________________________________________
A t t a c h w a i s t b a n d ___________________ ____________
A t t a c h z i p p e r s ___________________________________
B a r t a c k i n g -----------------------------------------------------------J o i n i n s e a m s ____________________ _________ —
J o i n o u t s e a m s . . . . _________ ____________________
Join s e a ts e a m s —
— _________________ _____
M a k e p o c k e t s - - ------------- ---------- — -------------------P i e c i n g f l y s ------------------ ------- -----------------P i e c i n g p o c k e t s ---------------------------------------------------S e r g i n g _______________________ ___._______________S e w on w a i s t b a n d l i n i n g - --------- ------------------S t i t c h p o c k e t s ____
_ - ........... .
- . . . .............
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s t i n g p u l l e r s ___________
U n d e r p r e s s e r s _______ ___________ _ - ---------

246
46 3
391
6 , 144
260
343
133
428
173
294
17 1
83 8
139
259
392
155
30 5
326
64 1

$ 2 .6 0
3.30
2.7 7
2 .7 0
2 .7 3
2.75
2.81
2.77
2.66
2.72
2.91
2 .8 2
2.58
2. 6 0
2.47
2.8 2
2.65
2.51
2. 93

224
109
360
5, 7 5 5
251
326
127
404
162
2 80
151
75 3
133
24 9
36 8
143
298
322
315

495
884
735
564
383
1, 725

3.52
2. 13
2. 5 8
2.5 7
2.52
2. 2 4

_
1 14
139
116
29
69 2

_
2.09
2 .0 3
2.32
2.32
2 .2 1

22
33 4

$2.54
2.84
2.63
2.65
2.69
2.7 1
2.75
2.73
2.59
2.66
2.82
2.74
2.54
2.55
2.41
2 .7 b
2. 6 6
2. 5 1
2.39

389
17
6
24
11
14
20
85
5°
i2
7

;

-

-

-

$2 .11
2 .5 1
2 .1 6
2.08
1.97
2.31
2.2 1
2 .0 9
2.29
2 .2 6
2.39
2.24
1.95
2.0 1
2 .3 2
2.14
-

54
88
99
1, 176
57
76
15
126
40
57
36
135
32
59
65
44
62
43
144

$2 .97
3 .5 8
2 .5 5
2. 8 6
2 .8 2
2. 8 6
2 .9 5
2.98
2. 9 2
2 .6 5
3.21
3 .1 3
2.9 1
2 .5 9
2. 5 7
2 .5 2
2. 8 9
2 .5 6
3. 1 0

_
141
-

75
137
71
42
117

4 .1 5
2. 5 3
2. 7 3
2. 6 6
2 .6 3

10
27
25
8
11
26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

Mi s c e l l a n e o u s
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) — _____ ____ - —
J a n i t o r s ------ -------- .. ---------------- ------ - - --- --------P a c k e r s ------- ....
----------------------- ----------------- --------S t o c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s ---------------- - ........... ....... ...
S t o c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s ------- ----------------------------W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s ( b u n d l e c a r r i e r s ) --------- - —

495
77 0
5 96
448
35 4
1,033

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in ad d itio n to th o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

D ashes




indicate

no d a t a

re ported

o r d a t a t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n

and

Late s h i f t s .

criteria.

3. 55*
1.83
1.91
1.97
2.34
1.91

T a b le 4. O cc u p a tio n a l averages: B y size of com m unity
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,
by s i z e o f c o m m u n i t y , U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , A p r i l 1970)
New England

U nited S ta tes 2
M etropolitan
areas
Oc c u pa tion

N o nm etro­
politan
areas
Num ­
A ver­
ber
age
hourly
of
w ork­
earners
in£ s

M iddle A tlantic
M etropolitan
areas

Num ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
in g s

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

$2.40

4 ,475

$ 2 .7 2

4 3 ,9 2 5 $3.08

167
86
270
142

3.11
3. 2 2
3.4 8
2.80

23
20
64
15

3.46
3.44
4 .2 3
3.27

54 4
24 4
1,043
179

85
158
134
971
529
192
1,429
10,749

2 .5 3
2.34
2.4 1
2.40
2.24
2. 8 6
2.88
2.34

_
46
33
20 5
76
56
178
1,8 5 3

.
3.12
2.82
2.61
2.39
2.96
3.96
2.70

50 5
435
359
3 ,604
726
762
1,960
14,480

Num ­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

77,607

$2.95

25,391

795
5 70
2,032
388

4.15
3.93
4.29
3.94

B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , h a n d -----742
B u t t o n h o l e m a k e r s , h a n d ___________
82 7
C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d _________________
640
F i n i s h e r s , h a n d ______________________
5,873
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l --------------------------------1,200
1,062
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , h a n d ______________
3,2 5 6
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -------------S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 3_________ 2 5 , 8 0 6
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m a c h in e ,
a r m h o l e ___________________________
844
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m ac h in e ,
c a n v a s -------- --------------------------------87 2
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m ac h in e ,
l i n i n g s a n d y o k e s ________________
895
422
B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g -----------------------C o l l a r s e t t i n g _____________________
689
F e ll body lin in g , b ottom
604
a n d s i d e ----------------------------------------551
J o i n s i d e s e a m s ---------------------------Jo in u n d e r c o lla r, join s le e v e
922
l i n i n g , o r p i e c e p o c k e t s -----------1, 163
L i n i n g m a k e r , b o d y ---------------------2, 370
P o c k e t s e t t i n g a n d t a c k i n g ---------S e w e d g e t a p e --------------------------------62 9
1, 155
S e w in s l e e v e ______________________
1,076
S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h ------------------S h a p e r s , edge and bo tto m ,
c l i c k e r m a c h i n e ------------------------------26 9
146
S h a p e r s , u n d e r c o l l a r , h a n d ---------T h re a d tr i m m e r s and
2,2 7 1
b a s t i n g p u l l e r s ---------------------------------3,521
U n d e r p r e s s e r s -------------------------------------

3.20
2.93
3. 17
2.60
2.49
3 .8 2
3.74
2.95

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ---------------------

M etropolitan
areas

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

S ou th east

B o rd e r S tates

N onm etro­
politan
areas
Num­
A ver­
ber
age
hourly
of
w ork­
earn­
ers
ings

M etropolitan
areas
Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

Aver age
hourly
earn­
ings

7 ,9 1 0 $2.84

6,6 9 1

$2.59

4.45
4.26
4.46
4.71

16
14
-

3. 29
3 .4 2
_
-

67
53
225
91

3 .3 4
2.94
3.30
2.59
2.54
4.00
3 .8 6
3.12

46
_
38
450
23 3
115
429
2,659

2.66
2'. 5 9
2.42
2.33
3. 12
3.24
2.60

38
151
102
645
165
79
322
2,6 9 6

N onm etro­
p olita n
areas
Num- ’ A ver­
ber
age
of
hourly
w ork­
earn­
ings
ers
7,2 0 3

$2.45

3. 3 6
3.71
3. 7 9
3.34

73
44
147
68

3.27
3 .3 9
3 .3 3
3 .1 6

2.56
2.87
2.94
2.62
2 .4 9
3. 6 9
3.41
2.89

25
_
32
435
118
59
335
2,6 3 2

2.34
_
2.36
2.35
2.34
2.65
3.03
2.46

M etropolitan
areas
Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
earning s

2 ,6 2 9 $2.28

G reat Lakes

M iddhe W est

N o n m etro ­
po lita n
areas
Num­
A ver­
ber
age
hourly
of
w ork­
earn­
ers
ings

M etropolitan
areas

M etropolitan
areas

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

1 0 ,3 1 4 $2.20

1 2 ,3 0 9 $3.00

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

A ver­
age
hourly
earn­
ings

1 , 7 4 5 $2 .3 7

S elec te d pro d u c tio n occupations
C utting
C u t t e r s , c l o t h ------------------------------------C u t t e r s , l i n i n g ________________________
C u t t e r s a n d m a r k e r s , c l o t h ________
M a r k e r s ------------------------------------------------

-

34
22
-

41

2 .8 0
2 .3 5
2 .8 8

76
23
69

2.92
2 .6 5
_
2 .1 7

.
183
60 4
-

_
4.06
4.30
-

37
22
31
34

3.32
2 .3 9
2. 8 0
3.13

_
_
_
_
2 .5 4
_
3. 13
2.44

_
_
46
_
166
_
6** 3
5, 177

_
_
2 .2 9
_
2.05
_
2 .5 3
2 .1 5

136
173
_
1, 105
77
60
473
3,7 1 4

2 .9 3
2 .8 8
_
2 .7 0
2 .6 7
3.2 6
3. 8 3
2 .8 8

.
_
_
83
44
10
92
635

_
_
_
2 .3 7
2.0 7
2.1 9
3.15
2 .3 6

C oat fa b rica tio n
-

_
_
_
24
_
79
758

2.99

246

2.5 1

25

2.83

448

3. 1 4

80

2.62

91

3. 01

63

2.36

-

-

90

2.50

196

2 .8 8

16

2.8 7

2.98

448

2.45

26

2.68

492

3 .1 5

140

2.45

107

2.83

143

2.54

_

-

163

2 .3 5

165

2 .7 6

14

2 .7 3

3 .0 6
3 .0 2
2.97

362
164
44 1

2.54
2.4 1
2.33

32
35
50

3.39
2.68
2.89

501
2 78
429

3 .2 5
3.22
3 .0 7

143
37
107

2.66
2 .8 6
2 .5 1

132
27
56

2.85
3. 0 6
3. 1 9

75
43
87

2.60
2 .4 1
2.53

_
13
33

_
2 .3 8
2.3 1

136
72
23 3

2 .3 5
2.20
2.17

94
32
64

2 .9 0
2 .7 6
2 .9 0

21
16
17

2.51
2 .3 3

3.08
3.12

350
233

2.28
2 .2 7

50
29

2.74
3.09

329
2 98

.3.21
3 .2 9

83
49

2 .3 7
2 .5 7

55
64

2.96
2.90

68
46

2.52
2.42

_
20

2.3 1

189
126

2.14
2.08

95
90

3. 1 5
3.2 5

18
7

2 .4 4
2 .9 5

2.79
3.05
3.18
3.23
3.28
2.92

456
341
995
262
466
52 8

2.3 1
2.49
2.38
2 .3 8
2.43
2.34

60
95
151
44
57
46

2.68
2.82
3.16
2. 78
2.98
2.97

502
711
1,474
337
61 5
671

2.88
3.2 1
3 .4 2
3.54
3 .5 9
3.02

62
121
30 0
61
136
142

2.70
2.69
2.59
2. 6 1
2.74
2.56

50
129
282
75
133
119

2.80
2.94
2.90
2.92
3.21
2.88

154
126
2 28
73
1 14
135

2.42
2 .4 9
2.39
2.54
2 .5 1
2.40

46
_
76
28
28

2 ,2 2
_
2 .3 2
3. 0 0
2.5 1

22 5
80
432
123
20 3
235

2.12
2 .1 9
2.23
2 .1 8
2 .1 6
2 .1 7

162
114
172
111
193
106

2. 8 9
2 .7 6
2 .8 0
2 .8 7
2 .9 7
2 .8 2

19
16
33
11
23
25

2. 7 3
2 .3 2
2 .5 0
2.4 8
2.6 9
2 .4 2

3. 01
3.45

167
30

2 .6 6
2.48

13
-

3.20
-

137
88

3 .2 3
3 .5 9

37
9

2.58
2.44

29
22

3.36
3.01

30
11

2.54
2.47

-

-

-

-

7

2.12

36
21

2 .8 0
3.7 7

6

2.51

2.32
3.3 1

512
1, 175

2 .1 9
2 .5 2

185
173

2.18
3.08

1,242
2, 105

2.33
3 .3 8

146
358

2.19
2. 6 1

233
354

2.32
3. 1 8

111
319

2.33
2.60

43
77

2 .4 8
2 .4 6

245
464

2.14
2 .3 7

410
566

2 .3 8
3. 4 4

33
56

1.93
2.7 6

188
4,858
33 0
22 8
133
675
307
51 0

2.62
2.76
2.84
2.78
3.04
2.90
2.52
3.02

58
1,286
98
66
38
163
85
131

1.54
2 .4 5
2 .5 2
2.5 1
2 .4 6
2 .4 7
2 .2 8
2 .5 7

7
195
13
12
41
12
18

2.55
2.69
2.50
3.19
2.74
2.42
2.85

107
2,4 2 3
140
118
72
378
155
267

2.67
2.97
2.94
3.00
3.13
2.95
2.69
3.20

16
366
10
_
_
45

2.67
2.62
2.75
_
_
2.74

6
373
21
19
_
50
21
39

2.29
2.60
2 .7 7
2.54
_
2.66
2.55
2 .8 7

13
418
19
24
10
58
33
33

2.17
2.20
2.39
2.15
2.26
2.32
2.1 1
2.14

24
557
29
24
18
44
_
43

2 .1 0
2 .1 0
2 .1 5
2 .2 7
2 .2 8
2 .4 4
_
2 .0 9

_
24 4
22
10
25
13
13

_
2.30
2.28
2 .2 1
2.30
2 .0 8
2.32

_
9 18
_
_
_
129
9
-

_
2 .9 0
_
_
_
3. 1 5
2. 5 6
-

_
141
_
_
_
-

_
2.0 7
_
_
_
_
-

308
1,204

3 .7 2
2.30

187
521

3 .2 0
2.1 1

12
67

3.89
2.30

139
721

3 .7 8
2.24

37
114

3 .5 0
2.18

28
64

3. 6 9
2.52

60
84

3.41
2.28

22
30

3.0 6
2 .1 2

85
298

2 .8 8
2 .0 3

71

4.15

9
24

3.6 0
1.90

2 .4 6

T ro u s e r fa b rica tio n
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l --------------------------------S e w i n g m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 3------------B a r t a c k i n g -------------------------------------J o i n o u t s e a m s --------------------------------J o i n s e a t s e a m s -----------------------------M a k e p o c k e t s ---------------------------------S e r g i n g --------------------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ------------------------------------M is ce llan eo u s
A d j u s t e r s “( r e p a i r m e n ) ----------------------W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s -------------------------------

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a fo r r e g i o n s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s i n a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

'D a sh es




indicate

no d a t a

reported

or

and late

d a t a t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n

shifts.

crite ria.

-

T a b le 5. O cc u p a tio n a l averag es: By type of shop
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,
b y t y p e of s h o p , U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , A p r i l 1970)
U n ited State s 2
O ccupation

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ---------------------------------

New E ngland

M iddle A tlantic

B o r d e r S tates

S outhea st

G reat Lakes

M iddle W est

R egular and
C o n tract
Regu a r and
R eg u lar and
C o n trac t
R egular and
R egular and
R eg u lar and
R e g u la r and
cutting shops
cutting shops
shops
cuttin g shops
shops
cutting s h o p s
cuttin g shops
cuttin g shops
cutting shops
N um ber A verage N um ber A v erage N um ber A verage N um ber A v erage N um ber A verage N um ber A verage N um ber A v erage N um ber A verage N um ber A verage
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
of
hourly
hourly
hourly
of
of
hourly
of
of
hourly
w o rk ers earnings w o rk ers ea rn in g s w o rk er s earnings w o rk er s earn in g s w o rk e rs ea rnings w o rk e rs earning s w o rk er s ea rnings w o rk e rs earnings w orker s earning s

82,686

$2.79

20,312

$2.91

3, 84 9

$2.69

34,828

$3.00

15,788

$3.03

13, 271

$2.63

11, 8 84

607
866
558
4, 6 89
1, 207
95 3
3, 386
27,787

3 .0 4
2. 81
3. 07
2.58
2.44
3.54
3. 36
2 .7 0

22 0
119
21 6
2, 155
52 2
301
1,299
8, 768

3 .3 9
3.04
2.96
2.57
2.35
4. 10
3 .7 9
3.01

_
41
28
159
61
56
149
1, 53 9

_
3.18
2.80
2.63
2.43
2 .9 6
3 .8 0
2.66

360
4 25
211
2, 187
556
602
1, 347
10,314

3.14
2.76
3 .4 5
2.57
2.55
3.73
3. 5 9
2.95

191
107
186
1, 867
403
275
1, 042
6, 825

3 .5 6
3. 0 7
2.99
2.57
2. 4 1
4.22
3 .9 6
3 .1 6

59
20 9
114
87 9
22 2
124
51 8
4, 5 0 8

2 .5 0
2. 7 2
2 .8 2
2 .4 8
2.42
3 .2 6
3 .2 0
2.63

_
_
163
17
6 68
5, 4 3 4

$2.25

13, 05 9

$2.99

2 .1 9
2 .7 8
2.64
2 .2 2

138
173
_
1, 127
84
65
4 80
3, 8 38

2 .9 3
2 .8 8
_
2 .7 0
2.6 5
3.1 7
3.8 6
2. 8 8

1,965

$2.34

6
90
49
10
100
769

2 .0 6
_
2 .3 3
2. 0 8
2 .1 9
3.09
2 .3 0

S elected p roduction occupations
C oat fa b rica tio n
B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , h a n d __________
B u t t o n h o l e m a k e r s , h a n d ---------------------------C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d ________________________
F i n i s h e r s , h a n d --------------------------------------------I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l _____________________________
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , h a n d ____________________
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -------------------------S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 3________________
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m achine,
a r m h o l e ______________ ________ __________
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m a c h in e ,
c a n v a s ------------------------------------------------------B aste, ju m p -stitc h m a c h in e ,
l i n i n g s a n d y o k e s _______________________
B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g _______________________
C o l l a r s e t t i n g ________ _____________________
F e l l b ody lining, b o tto m
a n d s i d e _________________________________
J o i n s i d e s e a m s __________________________
Jo in u n d e r c o l l a r , join sle e v e
l i n i n g , o r p i e c e p o c k e t s ______________
L i n i n g m a k e r , b o d y ------------------------------P o c k e t s e t t i n g a n d t a c k i n g --------------------S e w e d g e t a p e _____________________________
S e w i n s l e e v e ---------------------------------------------S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h ___________________
S h a p e rs, edge and b ottom , c lic k e r
m a c h i n e -------------------------------------------------------S h a p e r s , u n d e r c o l l a r , h a n d ----------------T h re a d t r i m m e r s and
b a s t i n g p u l l e r s ______________________________
U n d e r p r e s s e r s _______________________ ________

-

_
-

-

-

876

2.78

21 4

3.28

17

2.75

352

2 .9 1

176

3.35

127

2 .6 8

104

2.54

207

2. 8 6

18

2 .7 8

1, 051

2.72

269

3.11

22

2.70

411

2.88

221

3.22

22 0

2. 6 5

180

2 .3 9

167

2.7 6

14

2 .7 3

979
400
894

2.83
2. 61
2.64

278
186
236

3.18
3 .3 6
3. 02

25
29
40

3.27
2.56
2.89

41 8
171
375

3.04
2.81
2.81

226
144
161

3. 2 6
3 .6 2
3.31

168
60
120

2.74
2.59
2. 69

149
73
239

2. 3 7
2 .2 5
2. 25

99
40
69

2 .9 4
2. 7 2
2.91

24
18
26

2 .5 0
2 .2 9
2. 27

751
589

2.72
2.74

203
195

3.04
3.27

46
17

2.70
3 .1 6

254
201

2.94
2.95

158
146

3.2 1
3.51

103
88

2 .6 8
2 .6 8

185
140

2 .2 1
2 .1 3

100
96

3. 1 4
3.2 0

23
13

2 .4 5
2 .6 5

1, 060
1, 122
2, 458
671
1, 288
1, 157

2.58
2 .8 3
2.82
2.84
2.89
2.63

318
382
907
220
333
447

2.79
3 .1 9
3.31
3 .3 9
3 .6 0
2.97

46
78
116
37
43
42

2.82
2.82
3.17
2 .8 1
2.99
2.96

321
549
1, 100
235
509
4 56

2.72
3.0 1
3. 1 0
3.18
3.2 1
2.85

24 3
28 3
674
163
24 2
357

3.03
3 .3 8
3 .5 6
3. 71
3.91
3 .0 6

190
20 8
404
124
20 9
195

2. 51
2 .6 6
2.59
2 .6 8
2. 7 6
2 .5 5

23 8
80
460
113
2 13
23 9

2 .1 9
2.41
2 .2 9
2 .3 2
2 .3 0
2.25

171
120
187
112
196
116

2. 8 8
2 .7 7
2 .8 3
2.8 7
3.0 2
2.81

25
21
50
15
29
31

2. 5 2
2. 2 7
2.31
2. 3 9
2.54
2.34

354
133

2 .8 2
3.1 7

82
43

3 .0 9
3 .6 6

13
-

3 .2 0
-

112
58

3. 0 5
3.3 1

62
39

3. 1 6
3.74

45
31

2 .7 9
2 .8 6

111
7

2 .6 8
2. 1 2

36
23

2. 8 0
3.7 7

_
7

_
2. 5 6

2, 018
3, 6 3 4

2 .3 2
3 .0 8

765
1, 062

2.24
3 .2 3

166
136

2.15
3 .0 5

775
1,616

2.37
3.24

613
84 7

2.24
3.33

24 0
54 5

2.34
2 .8 7

276
50 8

2. 2 1
2 .4 2

41 5
5 82

2 .3 8
3 .4 4

36
73

1.91
2 .6 4

237
5, 83 4
4 08
28 4
162
779
371
607

2 .6 2
2 .7 2
2 .7 8
2.71
2.94
2.84
2.49
2.93

.
310
20
10
59
21
34

_
2.33
2.62
2.85

2.55
2.69
2.50
3 .1 9
2.74
2.42
2.85

120
2, 6 7 8
168
133
76
428
179
297

2.67
2.93
2.89
2.93
3.12
2 .9 1
2.67
3.14

_

2.53
2.12
3 .0 5

7
195
13
12
41
12
18

2 .2 0
2 .3 8
2 .6 0
2 .3 2
2 .5 9
2 .4 7
2 .2 9
2 .5 3

26
711
45
29
25
57
47
50

2 .2 0
2 .2 0
2.22
2 .2 9
2 .2 6
2.43
2.03
2.14

54
1, 136
122
57
36
119
61
136

2. 9 7
2 .8 5
2 .9 6
2 .6 5
3.21
3. 15
2 .5 7
3.01

138
_
_
_
_
_

"

19
771
39
42
14
107
52
71

445
1, 348

3. 45
2. 25

50
377

4.15
2.19

10
55

4.04
2.23

145
50 7

3.53
2.25

31
328

80
142

3.44
2 .3 7

101
316

2. 9 1
2. 0 5

75

4 .1 5

T ro u s e r fa b rica tio n
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l _____________________________
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 3________________
B a r t a c k i n g ________________________________
J o i n o u t s e a m s _____________________________
J o i n s e a t s e a m s ___________________________
M a k e p o c k e t s ______________________________
S e r g i n g -------------------------------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
2. 0 6
_
_
_
_
_

"

-

10
26

3. 55
1.91

M iscellaneous
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) ______________________
W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s ____________________________

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to th o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d i c a t e no d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d ata th at do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .




4.64
2.20

T a b le 6 . O c c u p a tio n a l averag es: B y size of shop
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s u it a n d c o a t m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , by s iz e of s h o p ,
U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s , A p r i l 1970)
Southeast

B o r d e r States

Mid dle A tla n ti c

N e w E n gl an d

Uni ted States 2

Great Lakes

Mi ddle West

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h—
Occu pation

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ---------------------

5-2 4 9
workers
Num­ A v e r­
ber
age
ho u rly
of
w ork­ earn­
ers
ings

250 w o r k e r s
or m o r e
Num­
Aver­
ber
age
of
hourly
earn­
work­
er s
i n gs

31,780

$ 2. 87

71,218

$2.78

2, 067

524
191
849
133

4. 14
3. 68
4. 19
4. 26

438
465
1,4 53
39 7

3. 78
3.90
4.19
3. 43

13
44

314
252
26 7
2, 631
490
391
1,514
1 1 , 169

3. 27
2. 98
3.14
2. 56
2. 48
4. 05
3.61

5 13
733
507
4,213
1,23 9
863
3, 1 7 1
25,3 8 6

3.05
2. 79
2.98
2. 59
2.39
3.51
3. 42
2. 73

141
36
23
104
91 9

254

3.17

836

2. 79

309

3. 04

1,011

339
263
31 6

2. 95
3.10
2. 83

918
323
8 14

257
244

2. 84
3. 09

488
529
1, 1 3 7
27 4
430
517

3. 08
3.11
3.27
2.87

97
58

3. 04
3. 46

5-24 9
workers
Aver­
Num­
a ge
ber
h o ur l y
of
ea rnwork­
jngs
er s

5-249
workers
Num­ A v e r ­
ber
age
of
hourly
w ork­ earn­
i n gs
ers

250 w o r k e r s
or m o r e
Num­ A v e r ­
ber
age
of
ho urly
w ork­ earn­
ers
ings

5 -2 49
workers
Num­ A v e r ­
age
ber
of
ho u rly
w ork­ earn­
ers
i n gs

250 w o r k e r s
or m o r e
Num- :A v e r ­
be r
age
of
ho urly
w ork­ earn­
er s
ings

250 w o r k e r s
or m o r e
Num­ A v e r ­
ber
age
of
ho urly
w ork­ earn­
i n gs
ers

11, 268

$2. 67

10,939

$2.23

126
69
231
144

3. 29
3. 50
3.47
3. 23

58
27

2. 82
2. 56

89

2.51

"

2.67
2 . 73
2. 78
2. 54
2. 42
3.05
3. 25
2.69

_
46
154
6 47
5,088

_
2. 29
2.14
2. 58
2.19

16
236

5 -2 49
workers
Num­ A v e r ­
be r
age
of
hourly
w ork­ earn­
ers
ings

18,927

$3. 09

31,689

$2.9 7

3,8 45

3.74
3. 48
4.10

408
491
71

4 . 42
4 . 34
4. 5 0
5 .01

152
170
594

4. 40
4.16
4. 40
4. 48

28
141
15

3.74
3. 84
3.52

4.16
4. 01
2.80

199
151
166
1,854
31 3
273
1,014
6,521

3. 63
3.09
3.27
2. 58
2. 64
4. 26
3. 7 5
3.11

352
381
231
, 200
646
604
1,375
10,618

3. 09
2.72
3. 20
2. 56
2 . 41
3. 71
3.75
2. 99

41
45
62
309
44
28
1, 17 3

2.37
2. 71
2,83
2. 45
2.47
4. 03
3. 05
2. 63

14

2.82

147

3.51

381

2. 89

32

2.77

122

2 . 74

101

2. 50

-

-

160

2 . 91

-

-

2 . 72

14

2.60

188

3. 39

444

2. 83

47

2. 53

203

2.69

177

2. 39

30

2. 45

137

2. 83

-

-

2.90
2. 64

16
24
37

3.47
2.74

3. 04
3. 59
3.18

417
17 4
37 3

3.16
2. 85
2 . 87

54
25

2. 5 2
2. 77

153
45

2.84
2.60
2. 78

149
65
215

31

-

2.91
2. 84
-

9

2. 24

2. 63
2 . 72

77

2.88

22 7
141
163

2.37

2.68

2.49
2. 28
2.44

69 7
540

2. 77
2, 77

27
24

2. 77
3.04

134
141

3. 28
3. 36

278

2. 93
3.06

23
31

2.57
2. 62

79

2 . 75
2. 73

160
134

2. 25
2.08

2 . 52
3. 02

80
81

3. 2 9
3. 23

-

-

890
975

2. 58
2. 93

2. 30

257
310
692
1 47
241
318

2. 93
3.12
3. 38
3 . 55
3.74
3.04

307
522
1, 082
251
5 10
495

2. 80
3. 14
3. 12
3. 30
3. 29

31
59
15 2
35
55
42

2. 34
2. 58
2. 56
2. 73
2.77
2. 46

17 3
196
358
113
192

2. 54
2. 76
2 . 72
2 . 73
2. 92

218
60
434
107
192
230

2. 59

87
90
133
83
170
33

2.77
2. 82
2. 81
3.03
2.75

9
18
7

10

2.05
2. 36
2.69
2. 07

51
37

3. 34
3 . 87

123
60

2. 99
3. 25

48

2.96
2. 93

7

2. 76
3. 84

-

-

57 6
714

2. 24
3. 41

812
1, 749

2.37
3. 22

236
508

2.37
2. 93

267
48 7

2. 39
3.51

20

-

2. 31

$ 2. 83

10,620

$ 3. 02

5-249
workers
Num­ A v e r ­
ber
a ge
of
ho urly
work­ earn­
ers
i n gs

$2. 84

$2.59

2, 63 1

250 w o r k e r s
or m o r e
Num­ A v e r ­
ber
ag e
of
ho u rly
work­ earn­
er s
ings

917

$2.19

S e l e c t e d pro duction oc cupa tio ns

Cutting
C u t t e r s , c l o t h ___________________
C u t t e r s , l i n i n g ___________________
C u t t e r s and m a r k e r s , c l o t h ______
M a r k e r s _________________________

6

88

111

_

_

-

-

_
18
114

_
3. 49
3. 80
■

_
17 0
535
"

_

20

4.11
4. 3 5

13
24

•

2. 78
2 . 16

2.66

1
1

2.82

_
31
19
51
325

_
2.15
1.93
2. 64
2.15

C o a t fabricat ion
B a s t e r s , ex c e pt a rm h o le , h a n d _
_
B u t t o n h o l e m a k e r s , h a n d ----------------C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d ------------------------F i n i s h e r s , h a n d --------------------------------I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ------------------------- - _
P r e s s e r s , finish, h a n d _
_____
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -------------S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 3 ---------B aste, ju m p -stitc h machine ,
a r m h o l e -------------------------------------Baste, ju m p -stitch machine,
c a n v a s _______________________
Baste, ju m p -stitch m a chin e,
l i n i n g s and y o k e s ____________
B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g ____________
C o l l a r s e t t i n g ------------------------------F e l l body lining, buttom
and s i d e _____________________
J o i n s i d e s e a m s --------------------------Join u n d e r c o l l a r , join sl e e v e
l i n i n g , o r p i e c e p o c k e t s ----------L i n i n g m a k e r , b o d y ------------------P o c k e t s e t t i n g and t a c k i n g ---------S e w e d g e t a p e ------------------------------S e w in s l e e v e --------------------------------S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h -----------------S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m ,
c l i c k e r m a c h i n e -----------------------------S h a p e r s , u n d e r c o l l a r , h a n d -----------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and
b a s t i n g p u l l e r s --------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s -----------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .




872

1, 162

2.86

2 . 70

2.90

2.22
3.19

_

26
1
6

_
3.15
3.09
2.54

2.22

617
1, 191
1, 0 8 7

2.66

2. 92
2. 95

30
57
80
23
35

21

3.20
2 . 75
3. 07
2. 61

339
1 18

2.83
3.20

-

-

1,911
3,534

2.33
3.09

65
92

2, 228 2.88

2.88

2. 31
3. 25

2

206

2.88

112

21 2.88

1 2.88
1
1 2. 63
1
2.22
108
165

2. 83

22
167
72
771
239

110

545
4, 155

122
100

212 2.66
22

2.22

2.21
2. 34
2. 28
2. 24
2. 25

2.21
-

2.12
2.19
2. 4 1

22
32
112

845

22
20
15
32
56
29
30
83
59
83

2.51
2.60
2.51
3. 3 2
3. 92
2. 77

2.86
2.62
2.80
2.83
-

2. 28
3. 05

124
152
900
33
374
3, O i l

1
1

20
21
358
499

2. 98
2.91
2 . 72
3.03
3. 82
2. 90

2.96

8

7

T a b le 6 . O c c u p a tio n a l a v e ra g e s : B y s iz e o f s h o p — C o n tin u e d
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s * s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , b y s i z e o f s h o p ,
U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g io n s , A p r il 1970)
U ni t ed S t a t e s 1
2

N ew England

Middle At lanti c

B or d er States

Southeast

G reat Lakes

Mi ddle West

E s t a b l is h m e n ts with—
5-24 9
workers
Aver­
Num­
ber
a ge
of
hourly
work­
ea rner s
_ i n gg__

O ccu pat ion

250 w o r k e r s
or m o r e
Num­
Aver­
ber
age
of
hourly
work­
earners
_ irgs _

5-2 49
workers
Aver­
Num­
age
be r
of
ho urly
earn­
work­
ers
ings

5—249
workers
Num­ A v e r ­
be r
age
of
ho urly
work­ earn­
er s
i ng s

250 w o r k e r s
or m o r e
Num­ A v e r ­
be r
age
of
ho urly
w ork­ earn­
i ng s
er s

5—249
workers
Num­ A v e r ­
be r
age
of
ho urly
w ork­ earn­
er s
ings

250 w o r k e r s
or m o r e
Aver­
Num­
be r
age
of
hourly
work­
earn­
ers
ings

250 w o r k e r s
or m o r e
Num­ A v e r ­
be r
age
of
hou rly
work­ earn­
er s
i n gs

5-249
workers
Num­ A v e r ­
be r
age
of
ho urly
work­ earn­
ers
ings

250 w o r k e r s
or m o r e
Num­ A v e r ­
be r
a ge
of
hourly
work­ earn­
ers
ings

5-24 9
workers
Num­ A v e r ­
ber
a ge
of
hourly
w ork­ earn­
ers
i n gs

S e l e c t e d pro duction oc cupa tio ns —
Continued

T r o u s e r fa brication
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l _________________
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 3 ______
B a r t a c k i n g ____________________
J o i n out s e a r n s _________________
J o i n s e a t s e a m s --------------- ---------M a k e p o c k e t s _________________
S e r g i n g ------------------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ___________________

70
1, 480
67
64
40
223
96
1 16

$2.27
2.46
2.51
2.49
2.48
2.64
2.35
2. 87

176
4, 664
361
230
131
61 5
296
525

$ 2. 73
2.77
2.82
2. 78
3.04
2.88
2. 51
2.95

87
437

3. 70
2. 24

408
1, 288

3.48
2. 24

-

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

.

33
708
34
43
26
111
56
69

90
2, 08 1
143
96
56
341
129
243

$ 2. 71
3. 02
2. 96
3.13
3. 43
2.97
2 . 73
3.21

191
7
8
16
9
11

$ 2 . 33
2.47
2.37
2. 82
2. 29
2.49

14
600
33
35
12
92
45
61

$2.27
2. 4 1
2. 6 1
2. 3 1
2. 58
2. 42
2.28
2. 55

17
606
43
26
22
34
44
44

$2.27
2.17
2. 23
2. 25
2.06
2. 35
2.03
2.13

161
12
_
_
37
11
14

$2. 83
3. 02
_
_

37
285

-

$ 2 . 54
2. 63
2. 50
2. 52
2. 32
2 . 67
2 . 47
2.86

3.80
2. 32

139
550

3. 70
2.19

12
13

4. 05
2. 36

76
135

3. 42
2. 38

92
280

2 . 87
2. 05

12
22

4.14
2.17

2 . 91
2. 64
4 . 24

41 $ 3 . 1 9
1, 015
2. 87
_
_

104
_
_
_
_
.

52
33
98
_
130

2 . 67
3. 25
3 . 21
_
2.98

-

63

4.15

_

M iscellaneous
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) --------------------W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s ------------------------------

1
2
3

_
34

_

$ 2. 4 4

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f or w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a dd it io n t o t h o s e s ho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in add it io n t o t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .

NOTE:

D ashes




in d ic a te no d a ta

re p o rte d

and l a t e

o r d a ta th a t do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n

shifts.

c r ite ria .

$ 2. 1 0
_
_
_
_

_
-

T a b le 7 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : B a ltim o r e , M d .1— A ll s h o p s
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
Numbei
of

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s -------

----------

M e n -------------------------------------------------

Average
$1.60
hourly
nd
u n d er
ings
$1.6 5

5, 564 $ 2. 85
4, 444
2.73
3. 30
1, 120

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.65

$1.70

$ 1.75

$1.80

$1.85

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $2. 00 $ 2 . 1 0 $2. 20 $2. 30 $ 2. 40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2 . 70 $2. 80 $3.00 $ 3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4. 00 $4. 20 $4.40 $4. 60

$1.70

$ 1.75

$1. 80

$1. 85

$1.90

$ 1 . 9 5 $2. 00 $ 2 . 1 0 $2. 20 $2. 30 $ 2. 40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2, 70 $2, 80 $3.00 $ 3.20 $ 3.40 $ 3.60 $3.80 $4. 00 $ 4. 20 $4. 40 $4.60 o v e r

101
82
19

12
11
1

36
33
3

332
311
21

202
197
5

332
293
39

291
279
12

630
506
124

357
318
39

323
290
33

2 57
221
36

503
449
54

466
37 1
95

41 8
324
94

321
224
97

200
119
81

1 73
75
98

205
65
140

80
66
14

45
21
24

112
47
65

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1
-

1
1
-

3
3
-

1
1
1

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2
3
33
4
3
35
2

2
2
4
3
2
2

5
4
5
5
18
18
17
6
6

10
10
52
52
51
5
5

16
16
82
82
82
7
7

-

-

-

~

"

"

4
4
4
2
2

3
3
3
3
3

-

2
2
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

3
3
-

and

65
53
12

7
5
2

14
12
2

45
38
7

37
34
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S e lec ted pr oduction oc cupa tio ns
Cutting
C u t t e r s , c l o t h -----------------------------------M e n 3 b/_____________________
C u t t e r s , l i n i n g -----------------------------------M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------C u t t e r s a nd m a r k e r s , c l o t h ----------M e n --------------------------- --------------T i m e ---------------------------------M a r k e r s _________________________
M e n 3 b /--------------------------------------

13
11
41
37
195
166
159
61
25

3.30
3. 33
3.74
3 . 79
3 . 79
3.88
3 . 91
3. 38
3. 66

35
31
38
35
6
29

2. 93
3.00
2. 56
2. 58
2. 38
2. 62

-

36
14
22
76
72
68
465
30
435
66
57
13
44
9
131
127
1 16
11
56
7
49
60

2 . 78
2.51
2. 9 5
2 . 97
2. 98
2.97
2 . 64
2. 36
2. 66
2. 89
2. 83
2. 32
2. 98
3. 25
2. 42
2. 4 1
2. 40
2.51
2.88
2.51
2. 9 3
3.74

22
38
37
261
121
18
103
140
12
128

3.13
4.10
4. 12
3. 39
3. 01
2. 71
3.06
3.71
3.37
3.74

-

-

2

-

~

2
4
4
2
2

4
4
4

-

1

-

"

1
1

2
9
9
4
5

2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2

4
4
1
1
1

1
-

5
5
6
6
6

-

4

3

-

2

2

-

2

-

-

-

3
3
3
23
23
3
3
3
4
4
2
2
4
1
3
3

4
7
7
7
56
56
7
6
6
1 1
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
49
2
47
7
4
4
3
2

9
9
6
27
27
4
3
3
1

2
4
4
4
19
19
8
7
7
1

2
3
3
3
]1
11
2
2

8
8
4
4
4
-

2
3
2
2
2
2
2
-

6
6
6
-

-

2
2
2
-

-

2
2
-

-

1
1
7
7
6
1
1

C o a t fa br ic ation
B a s t e r s , a r m h o l e , hand
( a l l w o m e n ) -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , h a n d ----W o m e n ____________________
T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------Bu t to n s e w e r s , hand
( a l l w o m e n ) --------------------------------- -—
T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d ------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------F i n i s h e r s , ha nd ( a l l w o m e n ) ----------T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------F i t t e r s ------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n 3 b /-------------------------------------I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l -------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------T i m e ------------------ ------------------I n c e n t i v e — --------------------------P a i r e r s a nd t u r n e r s ( a l l w o me n ) —
T i m e -----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , h a n d -------------------Women (all in cen tive
w o r k e r s ) --------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -------------W o m e n -------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n -------------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s




a t e n d of ta b le ,

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2
1
1
-

_
-

-

2
2
-

4
4
-

1
1
-

-

1
1
-

2
6
6
6
51
4
47
10
10
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

-

-

2
2
-

2
2
2

-

6
6
6
43
3
40
1
1
1

4
2
2
7
4
4
28
28
1
1
1

8
4
4
5
5
4
49
11
38
7
7
6
1

5
5
6
6
6
37
2
35
3
3
-

5

2
2
2
25
3
22
1
1
1

4
4
4
8

1
1
1
-

9
7
7
1

48
48
48
-

-

8
-

-

1
2

-

39
39
36
3
10
4
6
1

12
12
7
5
8
2
6
-

4
3
1
4
4
4
29
4
25
6
5
2
3
1
8
8
8
4
4
-

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

4
4
4

9
9
1

7
4
4
3

11
9
3
6
2

3
3
3
-

6
6
2
4
-

4
4
3
1
-

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

3

6

2

2

1

2

-

2

2

2

2

6
4

2
5

2
1

1
26

2
3

-

2
3

2
2

2

2
4 10

3

4

4
1

13
9
2

24
11
11
13
3
10

25
18
2
16

1
1
26
2
2
24
24

4
22
22
40
19
2
17
21
1
20

1
2
2
22
6
6
16
1
15

20
6
6
14
14

3
15

2
2
6
4
4
2
2

7
4
3
1

7
-

7

3
1
2
12

4
8

-

10
10
24
2
2
5 22
22

T a b le 7 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : B a ltim o re , M d .1— A ll s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

O c c u p a t i o n a nd s e x

Numbe l
of
work-

A p r i l 1970)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Aver$ 1. 6 0
ho urly
an
earnunder
i n gs
$1.65

$1.65

$1.70

$ 1.75

$ 1. 80

$1.85

$ 1. 90 $ 1 . 9 5 $2.00 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2. 20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $2. 70 $2. 80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4. 20 $4. 40 $4.60

$1.70

$1 .75

$1. 80

$1.85

$ 1 .9 0

$ 1 . 9 5 $2. 00 $ 2 . 1 0 $2. 20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2. 70 $2. 80 $3.00 $ 3.20 $3.40 $3. 60 $3.80 $4. 00 $4. 20 $4. 40 $4. 60 o v e r

and

Se lec ted production occ upa tio ns— ■
Continued

C o at fa br ic ation— Continued
Sewing-m achine o p e r a t o r s 6
------------W o m e n -------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n -------------- -----------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------B a s t e e d g e s ( a l l w o m e n ) ------------Inc e n t i v e ________________
Baste, ju m p -stitch m achine,
a r m h o l e ( a l l w o m e n ) _________
I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------Baste, ju m p -stitc h machine,
c a n v a s ( a l l w o m e n ) __________
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
B aste, ju m p -s titc h machine,
f a c i n g s ( a l l w o m e n ) ( a ll
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ___________
Baste, ju m p -stitch m a ch in e,
l i n i n g s and y o k e s
( a l l w o me n )
-----------------------------T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
B o o k e d g e s ( a l l w o m e n ) -------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------Bu tt on s e w i n g ( a l l w o m e n ) ---------I n c e n t i v e ________________
Buttonhole ma k ing
( a l l w o m e n ) __________ ______
T i m e -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ________________
Co llar preparing, except
p i e c i n g or pa dd i ng
( a l l w o m e n ) __________________
I n c e n t i v e ™ --------------------------C o l l a r s e t t i n g __________ _____
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------F a c i n g t a c k i n g ( a l l w o m e n ) --------I n c e n t i v e . -------------------------F e l l b o d y l i n i n g , b o t t o m and
s i d e ( a l l w o m e n ) ------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------J oi n s h o u l d e r , c l o t h ----------------Women (all in cen tiv e
w o r k e r s ) __________________
J oi n s i d e s e a m s ---------------------------W o m e n _____________________
T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------Men (all i ncen tive
w o r k e r s ) ----------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s




a t en d of ta b le .

_
-

5
5
5
-

8
8
3
5
-

5
4
4
1
1
-

7
7
3
4
-

101
101
16
85
2
2

-

-

1
1

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

3

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

3.00
2.40
3. 21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

27
22
43
41
40
20
18

2.71
2.69
3. 24
3. 19
3. 21
2. 63
2.66

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

39
36
24

2. 97
2.98
3.03

21
50
43
10
33

3. 10
2.86
2. 87
2 . 57
2.96

7

2. 82

5
5
1
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.85
2.56
2.88
2. 87
2. 93
3.01
3.03

23
6
17

2
-

60

2. 99
? 88
3.05

-

51

-

77
6
71

2. 70
2.48
2.71

-

47

3.09

90
7
83
39
36
25
24

97
97
4
93
-

196
194
88
106
2
1
1
5
2

147
143
45
98
4
4
3
2

115
1 12
18
94
3
3
7
7

105
99
12
87
6
4
2
2
2

24 7
243
31
212
4
1
3
13
13

206
192
32
160
14
9
5
6
6

169
156
6
150
13
7
6
9
9

125
125
12
113
2
2

54
47
2
45
7
2
5
4
4

49
47
2
45
2
2
-

37
34
34
3
3
-

-

1

5

8
2
6

2

4

4

2

8

7
3
4

5

5

2
1
1

9
1

1

3
1
2

2

-

5

2

4

4

7
7

2
2

5
5

6
6

8
5
3

6
6

3
3

5
1
4

15
15

4
4

4
4

7
7

3
3

1

-

1

-

2

5

4

1

8

12

1

4

4

6

4

2

4
4
2
2
2

6
1
1
2
2

4
1
1

2
1
1
-

14
3
11
5
5
-

7
2
5
2
2
2
1

2
2
5
4
2
2

4
4
1
1

13
2
11
5
5
2
2

7
7
5
5
2
2

8
8
5
5
1
1

1
1
-

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

8
2
6

-

3
2

3
3

2
2
1
1
1
-

2
2
4
4
4
4
2

5
5
4
-

2
2

5
3
5
5
5
-

2
2
2
2

4
3
4
4
4
5
5

1

4
4
4
-

$2.88
2.86
2. 61
2. 91
3.28
3.09
3.42
2.89
2. 92

99
96
29
67
3
1
2
-

3

2
2
_

1,967
1, 896
309
1, 587
71
29
42
56
52

4
4
3

2
2
3

3
3
4

1

8
8
2

3
5
3
1
2

3
-

2
2
2
2

2
8
8
2
6

1
-

2
-

94
93
4
89
1
1
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

-

-

1
1
1
-

2
2
2

2

-

41
39
1
38
2
2
-

15
14
14
1
1
-

34
29
_

2

2

-

-

2

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

4

12
12
2
6
6

4
4

4
4
-

4
4
-

2
2
-

-

-

2
2

-

-

1
1

4
4

-

-

-

2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
-

5
5
5
1
1

1
4
4
4
-

5
5
5
-

1
1
1
-

3
2
2
-

2
2
2
-

1
1
-

9
9
-

4
2
-

3
3
1

-

2
2
-

1

-

1
1
2

1
1
4

1
1
-

5
3
3

14
12
3
9

1
9
8
8

2
2
2

-

1
-

-

2
-

4
1
1
1

-

2

2

1

29
5
75
-

-

-

T a b l e 7 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : B a ltim o r e , M d . 1 A ll s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
—
( N u m b e r a nd a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ^ of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' su it and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

A v e rage
$ 1 .6 0
h o u r ly a n d
of
w o rk ­ e a rn ­
under
e rs
in g s * $ 1 .6 5

$1.60

$ 1 .7 0

$1.75

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s i of—
$1.80 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $3.0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $3.4 0 $3.60 $ 3 .8 0 $4.0 0 $4.2 0 $4.40 $4.60

$1.70

$ 1 .75

$ 1 .80

$1.85 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5

N um -

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A p r i l 1970)

and
$ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 ,4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3.20 $ 3 .4 0 $3.6 0 $3.80 $4.0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $4.60 o v e r

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s ---C o n tin u e d
C o a t f a b r i c a t io n — C o n tin u e d
S e w in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s 6---C o n tin u e d
J o in u n d e r c o l l a r , jo in s le e v e
lin in g , o r p ie c e p o c k e ts
( a l l w o m e n ) -----------------------------T im e ----------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ___________________
L in in g m a k e r , b o d y -------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------T im e ----------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ----------------------------P a d c o l l a r a n d la p e l s
( a ll w o m e n ) ------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ----------------------------P o c k e t s e ttin g a n d ta c k in g —
W o m e n ________________________
T im e ------------------------- ---I n c e n t iv e ----------------------------M e n --------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ----------------------------Sew d a r t s , c lo th ( a ll w o m e n ) ---I n c e n tiv e
------------------------Sew e d g e t a p e -----------------------------W o m e n ------------------------- -------I n c e n t iv e ----------------------------Sew in s le e v e ------------------------------W o m e n ________________________
T im e ----------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ---------------------- -----S le e v e m a k i n g , c lo th
( a l l w o m e n ) ------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ----------------------------T a p e a r m h o l e s ( a ll w o m en )
( a l l in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------S h a p e r s , e d g e a n d b o tto m ,
c l i c k e r m a c h i n e ---------------------------W om en ( a ll in c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------S h a p e r s , e d g e a n d b o tto m , h a n d
( a l l w om en) —-------------- ------------------I n c e n t iv e ---------------------------S h a p e r s , u n d e r c o l l a r , h a n d ----------W om en ( a l l in c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------T a i l o r s , a l l a r o u n d ( a ll m en )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------------- — ------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s tin g
p u l l e r s ( a l l w o m e n )----------------------T im e ----------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ---------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s --------------------------------W o m e n _______________________
T im e ----------------------------------I n c e n t iv e — ------------------------M e n ----------------------------------------T im e ----------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ______________ ____
S ee fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




33 $ 2 .6 3
7
2.61
26
2 .9 4
2 .9 4
95
2.5 6
9
2 .9 8

2.68

100
86

33
32
234

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

4
4
4

3
3

1
1
1

2
2

-

3
3
3

5
5
5

2.8 5

2.86
2.88
221 2.86
21 2 .6 3
200 2.88
13
3.27
1 3.3 8
1
37
36
58
56
50
98
93
19
74

2
2

2 .5 2
2 .5 4
2.91
2.91
2 .9 7
3.21
3 .1 4
2.9 0
3.20

100 2.86

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1
1
1

-

1
1
2

2
2
2

-

-

1
1
1

-

2
2

-

-

2
2
2

1
1
1

1
0
1
0
1
0

15
15
15

22
2
1

8

-

4
4

7
4
4

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

4

-

-

7
7

1
1
1
1
1

2
6
6
2

2
2
2
2
1
1
2
2

7
14

1

14
-

9
9

3
3

1
1
1

8
4
4

6
6
6
2
2
23
2
1
2
19
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
7
7
3
4

1
1
8
8
8
-

-

1
2
1
2
4
8
4
4
4
4
4

5

2
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
16
14
14

2
2
1
1
2
2
2

4
4

1

2
2
9
8
8
1
1
1
1
-

13
13

1
1
2
-

2
2

5
5
4
5
5

1

3

4

3
3

14

2

-

1

6
6
1

1
1

3

-

-

-

1
2
1
1

3

-

-

-

8
8
1
1

-

2
2
1

2
2

2
2

~

2.81

-

3.48

3

21
2
1
20
20

3.37

3
-

-

16

3.1 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

188
25
163
301
142
17
125
159
35
124

2 .3 4
2 .0 3
2 .3 8
3.1 3
2 .8 3
2.41

-

-

-

3

2

2.88
3.41
2.66

-

-

-

3.62

“

-

-

-

-

14
13

1
1

1

2

1

1
1

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

~

"

_

3
3

-

2
1
1
5
5
5
5
5
23

21
5
16

2
1

4
4
7
5
5
13
13
4
9

1
0
1
0
6

2
2
9
6
6
-

3
3
26
26
26
-

10
1
0
10
8
8
8
1
0
1
0

2
2
6
6
1
5

1
1
2
2
2

2
2

-

-

9
9
9
4
4
3
3
3
17
17

2

15

5

6
6
2

-

-

4

-

-

-

4

1
1

1

-

1
1

-

8
6
6
2
2
4
4
4

1
1
1

_

1
1
1

-

1
2
1
0
1
0
2
2
-

2
2
2

_
4
4
4

_
-

_
4

_

-

_
_
3
3
3

_
_
-

1
0
6
6

-

-

2
2
2
2

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

2
2

5

2

-

4

-

-

-

-

"

‘

"

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

7

14

15

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4

4

2
5

4
10

4
11

-

-

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10

11

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4

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-

-

-

8

-

1

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7

4

3

-

2

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39
39
15
13

9

17

39
39

15

8

13

2

17

5

2

-

-

-

-

9
25
15
9

6
4
1

13

2
22

17
14
7

5
26
13

2

16
5

-

21

-

30
7

7

8
2

17
3

13

7
-

7
7
7

13
13

7
23

7
14

2
6

2
11

2

1

-

13

6

2

2

2

7
7
7

15
23
17
5

1
2
6
6

2

“

”

1
2
8

8

4
4

6

6
1
0
1
0
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"

8

3

2
1
1
2
2
1
0

2
2

6

-

9
3

1
0
1
0
1
2
4
8

4

7

21

5
11
2

9

_
_
_
_
-

2
2

-

2
2

_

6
6
6

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

1
1

4
4

2
2

2
2

2
2
2

_
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2

4
4

2
2
6
6

-

_
5
5
5

2
2
2
2
1
1

3 .0 4

27

2

1
6
16
2

6
6

25

-

5
4

9
7

22

-

-

9

2

5
5
3

2 .8 7

-

1
2
1
2
1
2

8

3
3
3

1
1
1

96

-

3
3

18
17

3
3
7
7
4
-

-

2 .59
2.5 6
3.01

1
1

1
1

1
1

3
14
14

-

1
1

T a b le 7 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :

B a ltim o r e , M d .1— A ll s h o p s — C o n tin u e d

( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' su it and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

N u m b e r of w o rk e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—-

N um - A v e rO c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A p r i l 1970)

$1 .6 0 $1.65
h o u r ly
of
and
w o rk ­ e a rn ­
under
in g s 1
2
e rs
$1.65 $ 1 .70

$ 1 .70 $ 1 .7 5

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .85 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .70 $ 2 .8 0 $3.0 0 $3.20 $ 3 .4 0 $3.6 0 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 J 4 J 0

$1.75 $ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .85

$ 1 .90 $1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .80 $ 3 .0 0 $3.2 0 $3.4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $4.20 $4.4 0 $4.60 o v e r

and

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
C o n tin u e d
T r o u s e r f a b r i c a t io n
P r e s s e r s , f in is h (5 w o m e n ,
5 m e n ) ______________________________
I n c e n t iv e ___________________
S e w e r s , h a n d ( a l l w o m e n ) ---------------I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------S e w in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s 67-----------9
8
W o m e n ________________________
T im e -----------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------T im e -----------------------------------B a r ta c k in g ( a l l w om en )
( a l l in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) -----------------M a k e p o c k e ts _____________________
W o m e n ------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------P ie c in g p o c k e ts ( a ll w o m e n ) —---I n c e n t iv e ___________________
S e rg in g ( a l l w o m e n ) --------------------I n c e n t iv e ___________________
Sew on w a is tb a n d lin in g
( a l l w o m e n ) -------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------S titc h p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n )—-------I n c e n t iv e ___________________
U n d e r p r e s s e r s ----------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e -----------------------------M en 3 a / _______________________
*
4

1
0
9
29

21

177
162
62

100
15
1
1
9

20
19
15

$ 3 .98
4.15
2.46
2.48
2.70

2.68
2.42
2.8 4
2.9 4
3.05
3.03
2.85
2.87
2.97

8 2.96
7
7

3.02
2.62
2.59

6
8 3.00
2.96
7
1 2.58
1
8 2.74
2 2.90
1
2.88
13
1 3.11
0
8 2.91

-

-

_

-

-

4
4

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

-

1
1

2
2
3
3
17
17

1
1
6

5
5
14
13
9
4

1

2
1

-

-

-

-

2
1

1
1
1

1
1
1
1

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

1
1
1

-

1

2
1

-

-

3
-

1

2
2
1
2
1
2
6
6

2
2

5

2
8

7
5

1

-

1
1

-

-

1
1
1

3

1
1
2
1
0
7
3

1
1

-

1
1
5
2
2
3

4

-

-

1
1
14
1
2
6
6
2
2
1
2
2
1

-

-

1
1

3
3

1

16
16

6
1
0
-

1

-

1
1

2

-

3
3

1
0
1
0
1
0
-

2
2
2
2
1
1

-

1
1
20
18
6
12
2
2
-

1
1
-

21
18
1
17
3
3

1
2
2
2

-

1

i
9

8
1
7
1
1
1

-

1
1
8
7
1
6
1
-

7
5

1
4
2
2
1
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

2
2

84
4
-

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

-

1

-

1

3
3

-

-

1
1
2
2
1
1
1

4
4
4
-

2
2
2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

2

2

3
2
2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1
1

5

1

-

2

2

-

94

4
4

1
1

-

2
2

2

-

1
1
1

M is c e ll a n e o u s
A d j u s te r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) ( a ll m en )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) __________________
J a n i t o r s ______________________________
W o m e n ________________________
T im e ------------------------------- -—
M en ( a l l t im e w o r k e r s ) --------P a c k e r s (14 m e n , 3 w o m en )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) —--------- --------------S to c k c l e r k s , p ie c e g o o d s ---------------M en ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------------

17
45

1
1

7
34
17
26
19

4.05
2.19
2.32
2.27
2.14
2.39
2. 44

2.41

-

4

-

-

-

4

-

1

6

-

-

1

6

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

1
1

1
-

-

-

3
3

2

-

1
1

3

1
1

5
2
2

2

3

-

3

1
1

1

-

1
-

16
6
2

1
0
1
0
1
1
1
1

-

1

1

6

1
1

5
4

3

1

3

1

-

3

2

1 T h e B a l t i m o r e S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of the c i t y of B a l t i m o r e ; and the c o u n t i e s of A n n e A r u n d e l , B a l t i m o r e , C a r r o l l , H a r f o r d , and H o w a r d .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f or w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l at e s h i f t s .
3 I n s u f f i c i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , or (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 1 at $ 4 . 6 0 to $ 4 . 80 ; 1 a t $ 4 . 8 0 to $ 5 ; 2 a t $ 5 . 6 0 to $ 5 . 8 0 ; and 6 a t $ 5 . 8 0 to $ 6 .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 4 at $ 4 . 6 0 to $ 4 . 80 ; 3 a t $ 4 . 8 0 to $ 5 ; 8 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 2 0 ; and 7 a t
$ 5 . 2 0 and o v e r .
6 I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a dd i ti on to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
7 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 3 at $ 4.80 to $ 5; and 2 a t $ 5.40 to $ 5.60.
8 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 2 a t $ 4. 60 to $ 4.80; 1 a t $ 4.80 to $ 5; and 1 a t $ 6. 20 to $ 6.40.
9 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 2 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 2 0 ; and 2 a t $ 5 . 8 0 to $ 6 .




T a b le 8. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings: B altim o re, M d .1— Regular and cutting shops
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y t u r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ___________
W o m e n _______________________
M e n __________________________

of
work-

Aver age
$ 1. 75
ho u rly
earnu nd er
mg s
$ 1 .8 0

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.80

$ 1 . 85

$1.95

$ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 $ 2.60 $ 2. 70 $2.80 $2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 . 1 0 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00
.0

"

$ 1 . 85

$ 1 .9 0

$ 1.90 $ 1. 9 5

2
2

.0
$ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20
216

3,722
2, 8 23
899

$ 2. 87
2.73
3. 31

380
65
15

23
3

12

-

. 29
26
3

13
41
37
195

3.30
3. 74
3. 79
3. 79
3.88
3. 91
3. 38
3.66

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
0

59
47

197
19

30

194
187
7

413
308
105

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

128
126

2

$4.20 $4.40 $4.60

and
_
"
“
"
"
"
"
"
"
“
"
"
$2.30 $2.40_ $2. 50 $ 2 . 60_ $ 2. 70 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4. 40 $4.60 o v e r

228

19
8

233
198
35

230
205
25

176
147
29

150
133
17

139
117

-

-

2
2

176
138
38

145
109
36

208
181
27

79
43
36

212

155

132
80

67

8
8

133
43
90

172
39
133

48
38

-

52
52
51
5
5

16
16
82
82
82
7
7

_
_
-

-

-

15

67
24
43

_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

10

27

12

S e l e c t e d pr oduction oc cupa tio ns
Cutting
C u t t e r s , cloth
(11 m e n , 2 w o m e n ) 4b/-------------------C u t t e r s , l i n i n g ___________________
M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ______
C u t t e r s a nd m a r k e r s , c l o t h ______
M e n _______________________
T i m e ____________________
M a r k e r s _________________________
Men 4
b/____________________

16
6
159
61
25

1
1

-

2

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

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-

4
4

2
2

2

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-

2
2
2
2

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13
3

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3
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-

1
1

1
1

1

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2
2
2
2

4
4

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1

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2

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5
5

1

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16
16

17
17
-

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1
1

1
7
7

6

-

1
3
32
3
3
34

1

2

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_

4
3
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1
1

2
2

1
1

5
5
5
18
18
17

10
10

-

1
1

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2

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2

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1

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2
2
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_
18
-

_

6

3
5
5

2

2
1

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-

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-

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_
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4
_
4
4
4
4

2

18

_
7
7

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-

_
_
_
-

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_
-

2
1
1
1

-

-

-

2
2
2
2

2

2
510
10
10
10

-

1

6
6

C o a t fa br ic ation
B a s t e r s , a r m h o l e , hand
( a ll w o m e n ) ____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , h a n d -----W o m e n ____________________
r i j j.-, ,
y
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------B u t t o n s e w e r s , hand
(a ll w o me n ) _____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------F i n i s h e r s , hand ( a ll w o m e n ) -----------T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------F i t t e r s __________________________
W o m e n ____________________
T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------P a i r e r s and t u r n e r s
(al l w o m e n ) 4 / __________________
b
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , h a n d-------- -----------M e n _________________ ___ —
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -------------W o m e n -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------S e w in g -m a c h i n e op e r ator s 7
------------W o m e n -------------------------------------T i m e ...........................................
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------B a s t e e d g e s (al l w o me n )............... I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------B aste, ju m p -stitch m a c h in e ,
a r m h o l e ( a ll w o m e n ) 4 / ..............
b

See footnotes




at end of tab le.

30
26
34
31
(y

25
23

11
12

264
25
239
38
34
13

21

30
46
38
37

122
55

8

47
67
1i
56
1 , 147
1 , 105
224
881
42
22

2
0

2. 82
2.89
2. 62
2. 65
2. 38
2.71
2.77
2. 46
3.06
2. 62
2. 39
2. 64
2. 65
2. 59
2. 32
2 . 76
3.04
3. 93
4.10
4. 12
3.51
3.13
2. 63
3. 22
3.82
3. 34
3. 91
2. 85
2. 83
2.60
2.89

3 .3 3
3. 21
3. 47

2.8
6

36
32

2 . 91

33

2. 94

2

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10

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29
3
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2

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18
4
14
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59
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72
69
23
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51
51
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47
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28
7

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1
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61

12

6

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67
67
13
54
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9
9
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122
121
65
56

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17
3
3
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6
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3
3
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9
5

5
3

6

3
4
3

3

6

_
82
80
23
57
2
2

-

2

79
79
18
61
5
5

1

4

3

1

1
59
57

10

47
2
2
-

1

2

-

9

3
3

2
65
65
14
51
-

58
57
7
50

1
1

2

5
5

1
1
1

-

1
1

1
1

2
-

2
1
-

1

1

2
2

7
_
7
-

24

3

2
2
2
2

2
2

2
2

7
7

2

-

6
-

27
15

15
4

10
2

12
2

_
-

_

15

4

-

2
1

2
8

2
10

1
6
76
73

12
61
3
2

1

3

1
58
51
9
42

7
7
-

-

6
8
65

2

63
3

6
6
27

2
0
_

2
0

4
4

3
3

3
3

1

2

2

2

2

35
31

2

_
-

_
-

6
10

_

_

10

19
17

9

14
13
13

_
_

4

8
28
26

2

3
-

29
4
2
2

4
4

24
2
2
-

1

2

2

2

7
4

2
2

12
6
8
6
8
10

11
1
10

58
-

3

5
5

12

-

-

6
2
1
18
_
18

1

-

16
2
-

3

-

8

2

-

8

3

2

1
1

-

1

-

1

-

T a b le 8. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings: B altim o re, M d .1 R e g u la r and cutting shops---- C o n tin ued
—
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

of
worker s

hourly
ea r n ings

2of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s u i t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

Aver-

A p r i l 1970)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r ni n g ;s of—

$ 1. 80

$ 1.80

$1.85

$1.90

$1.95

-

$1 .75

-

-

$ 1 .8 5

$ 1.9
0

$1.95

$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2. 70 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 . 10
0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$3.20 $3.30 $ 3 .4 0 ’ $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60

-

$ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $2. 70 $2.80 $2. 90 $3.00 $3. 10 $3.20
.0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

$ 3.30 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 o v e r

S e le c t e d pr od uctio n oc c u pa ti ons—
Co ntinue d
C o at fa b r i c a t i o n —
^-Cont inued
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 7—
Continued
B a ste, ju m p -stitc h machine ,
c a n v a s ( a l l w o me n )___________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
B a ste, ju m p -stitc h machine ,
f a c i n g s ( a l l w ome n )
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
B a ste, ju m p -s titc h machine ,
l i n i n g s and y o k e s (a ll w ome n )
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) -------------B o o k e d g e s ( a ll w o me n ) ________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------B u t t o n s e w i n g ( a ll wome n)
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
Buttonhole m a kin g
(a ll w o me n ) ---------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ________________
C o l l a r p r e p a r i n g , ex c e pt
piec in g or padding
(a ll w o m e n ) ---------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ________________
C o l l a r s e t t i n g _________________
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
F a c i n g t a c k i n g ( a l l w o m e n ) ____
I n c e n t i v e ________________
F e l l b o dy l i n i n g , b o t t o m and
s i d e ( a l l w o m e n ) ------------------------I n c e n t i v e ________________
J o i n s h o u l d e r , c l o t h ___________
Wo men (all incent iv e
w o r k e r s ) __________________
J o i n s i d e s e a m s _______________
W o m e n ____________________
T i m e - .......................... ...............
I n c e n t i v e ________________
J oi n u n d e r c o l l a r , j o i n s l e e v e
lining, or p i e c e po ckets
( a ll w o me n ) __________________
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
L i n i n g m a k e r , b od y
(a ll w o me n ) __________________
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
P a d c o l l a r s a nd l a p e l s
(a ll w o m e n )__________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
P o c k e t s e t t i n g and t a c k i n g _____
W o m e n ____________________
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------S e w d a r t s , c l o t h ( a l l w ome n)
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______

See footnotes




at end of tab le.

$ 2.6
8
2.48
2 . 71

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

41

_

.

25

3.35

-

-

-

-

47

6

5

_

5

_

8

4

3

5

6

3

2

_

5

.

5

_

5
3

4

3

4

6

3

2

_

-

1

.

_

_

_

3

2

1

_

2

4

_

2

3
_
_

2

2

5
4
4

_

_

1
1
1

2

3

_

2

_
_

_

1

_

1
1

2
2

2

51

2.8
6

-

-

-

-

-

4

18

2. 72
2.80

-

-

_

_

_

_

6
1
1

4
_
_

2
1
1

5
5

10

21

2

1

_

2.99

-

-

_

_

_

_

2

1

_

_

1

13
9

2.92

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

11
6
2
0

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

_

_
_

_
_

_

2

_

_

_
_

18
17
9
7

3. 14
3.44
3 . 17
3.05
3.09
2.25
2.23

-

-

-

_

_
_

_
_
_

1
1
1

2
2
2

3
3

_

_

_
_
_

4
4
4

_
_
_

19
16
13

_
_

2.8
8

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

_

12

3.12

3.06
3.11

_

_

1

4
4

2

_

2

1

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_

_
_

3
3

_

_

3

2
2
2
2

_
_

3

2
1
1
1

3
3

_
_

1
1

2. 91
2. 91
2.95
2.28
3. 16

-

-

-

_

2.69

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

1

_

8

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

1

_

1

_

4

2.70

4

_

53
9
44

2.93
2.56
3.00

-

-

_

_

2

1

3

3

9

4

-

-

-

_

-

2

1

3

3

1918
128
1 15
19
96
13

_
_

_

-

-

2
2

10
10

18
17
7

2
2

10
1

2

2
1
12
12
2
10

11

2.87
2.89
2.80
2. 75
2. 57
2, 78
3. 27
3.38

_

_
_

_
_

32

2.58

4

3

3

28
25

6

19

19
7

12

1
1
1

_

1
1
1

.

-

-

-

.

_

.

_

_

2

10

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

"

-

7

-

-

1
1

_

2.6
8

_

_

_
_
_

8
1

4
4

2
2

4

_

2

2
2
2

4

8
2
2

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_
.
_
_

_
1
1
1

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

3

_

_

_

_

I

_
_

_

_
_

2
1

_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

2
2

_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_

1
1

2

2
2

1
1
1

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_
_

_
_
_

2

1
_

_

1
1
1

_

_

1
1

_
_
_

1
1

1

_

_

_

_

_

4

_

_

_
_

_

1

_

4
4
4

3
3
3

_

1

2
2

_

5

2

6

5

_

2

1
1

_

_

_

3

I

2

_
_

3

1

1

3

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

1

1

3

1

2
1
1

5
5

2
2

2
2

5
5

5
4

1
1
12
11

8
8

2
2

7
7

4

2

4

8

2

_
_

7

2
2
2

4

2
2

2
2

-

4

-

-

-

1

2

2

6

5

_

_

6

5

2
2

2
2
8 10
8 8

1
1

2
2

4

2

_
_

8
2
2

4

1

2

_

_

4
_

2

_

3

4

_

1
1

-

4

8
1

_

1
1
2
2
1
1

1
1
_

_

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

1

2
_

_
_

_

1

_

l

8
4

2

_

1

_

2
2

_

1
6
6

_ _

4

1

2
2

.

9

3

5
5

_

_

11
2

3

1

_

_

4

13

1

2

4
4

1
1

4

_
_

2

_

2

_

2

_
1

1

2

3
3

3
3

_
_
-

_
_

6

2
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

T a b le 8. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings: B a ltim o re , M d .1— R e g u lar and cutting shops— C o n tin ued
( N u m b e r a nd a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s u i t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
N u m b e r of wworkers r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f —
$1. 80

$ 1 .8 5

$1.85

$ 1.90 $ 1 -9 5

$ 1 .9 0

$ 1. 95

$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $ 2.60 $ 2 . 7 0 $2.80
0

$2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 . 1 0 $3. 20 $3. 30 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00

o

Aver age
$1 .75
ho u rly
and
earn­
u nd er
ings 2
$ 1 .8 0

-fe
e

Num ber
of
work­
ers

$4.40 $4.60

o

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

$4.60

and
$ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30
.0

$2. 40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2. 70 $2. 80 $2,90

$3.00 $ 3 . 1 0 $3.20 $ 3.30 $ 3.40 $ 3. 60 $3.80 $4.00 $4. 20

over

Se l e c t e d pr oduction oc c u p a ti o n s—
Continued
C o a t fa br ic ation — Co ntinue d
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 7—
Continue d
S e w e d g e t a p e _________________
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
S e w in s l e e v e ( a ll w o me n )----------T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e _____ ____________
S l e e v e m a k i n g , cloth
( a ll w o me n ) __________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m ,
c l i c k e r , m a c h i n e _______________
Women (all in cen tiv e

2
2
2
1

_

5
3

4

2

4
4

5
5

3
3

_

3
3

1

-

-

_

_
_
-

_
-

2. 82
2. 84

-

-

-

-

11

3. 54

-

-

-

-

9

3. 53

19
18
18

2. 65
2. 62
3.09

-

-

-

-

-

.

_
_
_

_
_
.

8
8
1

_
_
_

2
2
1

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

1

_

_

41
37

S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m , ha nd
( a l l w o me n ) -------------------------------------- I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------S h a p e r s , u n d e r c o l l a r , h a n d ______
Wom en (all in cen tiv e
w o r k e r s ) --------------------------------T a i l o r s , a l l a r o u n d ( a l l me n)
^a 1 ti rr\ ^ r k p r s ^
1

14

3.14

27
84
17
67
17 3
69
65
104
15
89

-

-

1

-

3
3

-

1

4

2
2

-

-

-

2

-

6

5
5

2
_
_
_

2 . 41

2.12

2. 49
3. 2 1

2.88
2 . 91
3. 43
2. 62
3. 56

_

1

3

5
5
4
3
_

_
_
_

-

1

6

_
-

1

6
11

2
2

7

31

6
6
6

31

9
9

5
7
5
4

-

-

_
-

“

-

2

_
_
_

2
2
10
10
6

16
16
11

-

2
2

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

_

4
_

5
_
_

2
1

-

1
1
1

-

-

.
-

-

-

5
5
-

-

-

2

-

2

10
2
8

_

2
2

2
2

.

_

2
5

2
2

4

2

_
_

2
2

2
2

4
4

_
_

1

_

-

*

_

_

3

4

6
_

3
3
3

_

_
_

1
1

2
2
2
2
2

_
_
_

1
1
1

_

_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_

2

_
_

_

2

_

_
_
.

2
2

1
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

2

2

3

2

2
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

2
2

2
2

_
_
7

_
_

2

_
_
_

1
1

4

_
_
_

_

2
2
1

_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_

1

1

.

_

_

4

_

4

_

2

_

_

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

1
1

1

_
_

3

3

9

_

7

_

5

5

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3

_

_

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_

_

1

_

3

_

7

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

I

13
3
3

4
_
_

4

5
_

10
1

4
_

_

3
_

8
2
2
6

11

4
3

11
1
1
10

2
2

_
-

10
2
2
8

10

2

13.
3
3

10
2
2
8

1

I

2
2
2

3

_

12
8
6

5

3
3

5
5
_
_

9

4

10

3

_

_
_

_

_

1
1

1
1

1
1

6

8

8
3
3
5
5
-

5

3

4

5
4

14
14

9

9
7
7
-

_

_

2
1

-

-

_

1
1
1

1
_
-

1
1

-

6

_
_
_
_
_
_

4
4
4

2

4
4
4
_
4

2
2

_
_
_

2
1
1

g

2
2

5
3
3
7

1

2

3.18

T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s ( a l l w o m e n ) ------------------------T im p
....... ......................
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s -----------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n _______________________
T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------

2
2
2

_
_
_
3
_
3

.
_
_

_
_
-

4
4

_
_
_
4
3

2
2
2

_
-

$ 2. 84
2, 83
2. 93
2. 98
2. 90
3. 01

-

1
1
1

_
-

34
32
26
60
19
41

-

1

8

8
4
4
4
_

_
_

3
3
5
_

.

_

3
3
7
_

6

5

-

5

4

8

8

7

3
3
9
9
_

1
1
10

.

_

_

_

_
_

.
_

1
1

9

5
4
_

15
13

4
4
_

3

1
1
8

6

7

4

9
_
_

6
1
1

2
2
2
2
1
1

..

10

5

.

4
4
7
_

6

7

T r o u s e r fa br ic ation
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h (5 m e n ,
^ w n m _
__
Tnrpntivfi
S e w e r s , hand ( a l l w o me n )----------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------Sew ing-m achine operators 7
------------W o m e n -------------------------------------T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n _______________________
T i m e ------------------------------------B a r t a c k i n g ( a ll w ome n )
(al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) -------------M a k e p o c k e t s --------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------P i e c i n g p o c k e t s (a ll w o me n ) ------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------

See footnotes




at end of tab le.

8
7
29

21

1 57
142
61
81
15

11
8
19
18
14
8
7

4.01
4.24
2. 46
2. 48
2.72
2. 70
2. 42
2 . 91
2. 94
3.05

_
_
-

3.13
2. 83

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.86
2. 96

2.96
3.02

_
_
-

_
_
4
4

2
2
2
-

1

2
2
3
3

-

5
5

12
11

-

2
6
1
1

1
1

1

_
-

1
1

6
8

1
1
13

11
6
5

_
_

2
2

_
-

1
2
2
1

1

-

9
3

1
1
_
_

8

2
1
1
1
1

1
1

1
1

1
12
2
2

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

1
2
2
2

1
2
2
2

_

_

1
1
1

3
3

-

-

2
2
2
1
1

3
5

4

1
1

4
_
_

1
6
1
_

4
_

2
2

1

1

1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
.
_
_
_
_

1
1
1
1

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
.
_
_
-

1

3

-

_

94

_

_

_

1
1
_

1
_
_

_
_
_
-

1

T a b le 8 . O cc u p a tio n a l earnings: B altim o re, Md.'i— R e g u la r and cutting shops— C ontinued
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

2of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s u i t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

of
work­
ers

ag e
h ou r l y
earn­
i ng s 2

$1.75
and
und er
$ 1 .8 0

$ 1.80

$1. 85

$1.90

$1.95

$2. 00 $ 2 . 1 0 $2. 20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40

$2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2. 70 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3.00

$ 3 . 1 0 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00

$4.20 $4.40 $4.60

$1.85

$1. 90

$1.9 5

$2.00

$ 2 . 1 0 $2. 20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $ 2. 50

$2. 60 $2. 70 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3.00 $ 3 . 10

$ 3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20

$4.40 $4.60 o v e r

an d

S e le c t e d pr od uctio n o c c u pa ti ons—
Co ntinue d
T r o u s e r fa b r ic a t io n — Continue d
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 7—
Continued
S e w on w a i s t b a n d l i n i ng
( a ll w o m e n )__________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
S t i t c h p o c k e t s ( a ll women)_^_b/_
_
Underpressers
...
.
....
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n 4 a / ____________________

7
6
9
20
12
9
8

$2.90
2.83
2. 59
2.88
2.86
3. 10
2. 91

9
33
28

4. 01
2.19
2.17

17
26
19

2.39
2.44
2. 41

_
_

_
_
3
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
1
1
1

2
2
2
_

_
_
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_
_

_
3
3

_
1

_
1
1

_

_

_

2
1
1

1
3
1

10
11
11

4

1
1

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
_

-

-

_

-

1
1
_
_
_
_

3
3
_
2
_
_

_
.
_
_
_
_

1
1
1
1
1
1

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

1
_
_
_

1
_
_
_

1
1
1
1

1
_
_
_
_
_

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

6
5

_

1

12
10

z
2

1

_
_
_
5
2
2
3

_
_

1
1
_

_
_
_

2

2

3
2
2
1

1

1

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

.

-

-

-

-

1

2

_
1
1
1

M iscellaneous
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) ( a ll men)
(a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------------------------J a n i t o r s -----------------------------------------------M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ______
P a c k e r s ( 1 4 m e n , 3 wome n)
(al l t i m e w o r k e r s ) _______________
S t o c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s ________
M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ______

3
4

5
6
7
8
9
1
0
1
1

9
n9
_

_
_

1
1

_

3
1

_

3
1

_

_

_

_

_

T h e B a l t i m o r e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f the c i t y o f B a l t i m o r e ; and t he c o u n t i e s o f A n n e A r u n d e l , B a l t i m o r e , C a r r o l l , H a r f o r d , and H ow a rd .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and for w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s 28 w o r k e r s a t $ 1 . 60 to $1. 65; 5 at $ 1. 65 to $1. 70;
and 9 a t $ 1 . 7 0 to $ 1 .
7 5.
I n s u f f i c i e n t d at a to w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s
b y m e t h o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , o r
(b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o ws :
1 at $ 4 . 6 0 to $4. 80 ;
1 a t $ 4 . 8 0 to $5; 2 a t $ 5 . 6 0 to $ 5 . 8 0 ; and 6 at $ 5 . 8 0 to $ 6
.
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l ow s :
3 at $ 4. 8 0 to $5; 2 a t $5 to $ 5 . 2 0 ; 1 a t $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0 ; 2 a t $ 5 . 4 0
to $ 5 . 6 0 ; and 2 at $ 5 . 8 0 to
$6
.
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a dd i ti on to t hose sh o wn s e p a r a t e l y .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $4. 60 to $4. 80.
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l ow s :
2 at $ 4 . 6 0 to $ 4. 80 ; 1 a t $ 4 . 8 0 to $5; and 1 a t $ 6 . 2 0 to $ 6 . 4 0 .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $5 to $5. 20.
I n c l u d e s 2 w o r k e r s a t $ 1 . 6 0 to $ 1 . 6 5 ; and 1 at $ 1 . 7 0 to $ 1 . 7 5 .




io2

T a b le 9. O c c u p a tio n a l earn ing s: B a ltim o re , M d .1— C o n trac t shops
( N u m b e r a nd a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' su it and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 197 0)
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ___________
W o m e n ____________________ —
M e n __________________________

Aver-

of
hourly
w ork- earnmgs 2
w- -

1,842

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i Lme h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.60

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2. 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $2. 80 $ 3. 00 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4700 $4. 20 $4. 40 $4. 60
0

$1.6 5

$ 1.70

$ 1.7 5

$ 1 .8 0

$1.85

unde r
$1.65 $ 1.70

$ 1.7 5

$1.80

$ 1 . 85

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 3 0 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3. 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4. 00 $ 4. 2 0 $4.40 $4. 60
0

2

$2.81
2.75
3. 26

37
31

6

2

2 . 79
2. 69

_
-

-

-

20
1

2.75
2 . 67

196
28

2.68

2
1

3. 23

-

-

?3

3.13
3. 28
2 . 91
2. 94
2.91
2. 90
2. 63
2. 93
3.21
2.72
3.37

1,621
221

-

5
5

42
35
7

10
1

-

2

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

4

_

_

_
-

_

3. 1 9

14
139

and

7
7

14
14

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

9

7
7

1 16
114

74
71
3

104
95
9

97
92
5

_
_

_
_

3

_

_

_

12
12

14
14
_

16
16

217

198
19

124

120

93
85

4

8

_

3

81
74
7

214
199
15

145
124

21

1 31

109
92
17

10
0
31

45
31
14

40
32

33
26
7

32
28
4

18
9
9

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

4
4
_

_
_

2

_
_
_

3
3

6

8

over

45
23

2
2

S e l e c t e d pr od uctio n oc cupa tio ns
C o at fa brication
B ut t o n s e w e r s , ha nd
(al l w o m e n )3
____________ ________
C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d _____________
W o m e n (al l i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )__________________
_ _
_
F i n i s h e r s , h a n d (a ll w o m e n ) _
I n c e n t i v e ________________
F i t t e r s __________________________
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , ha nd (a ll
w o m e n ) (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) __
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e _______
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 4_____
W o m e n ____________________
T i m e ------------------- -------------I n c e n t i v e . — ____________
M e n _______________________
T im a
I n c e n t i v e _______ _______
B a s t e e d g e s (a ll w o m e n )
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
Baste, ju m p -stitch machine,
a r m h o l e (a ll w o m e n ) ------- ---------I n c e n t i v e ________________
Baste, ju m p -stitch machine,
c a n v a s (a ll w o m e n )
(al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) -----------Baste, ju m p -stitch machine,
l i n i n g s a nd y o k e s
(al l w o m e n ) ----------- --------------------T im £
>
I n c e n t i v e . —- _____________ - _
_
B u t t o n s e w i n g ( a ll w o m e n )3 ___
Buttonhole makin g
( a ll w o m e n ) --------------------------------C o lla r p rep arin g, ex ce pt
p i e c i n g o r p a d d i n g ( al l
w o m e n ) (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------------------F a c i n g t a c k i n g (a ll w o m e n )
T

’

^

f

rln tb

W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) --------------------- --------------J oi n s i d e s e a m s -------------------------------W o m e n _________________________
I n c e n t i v e ------------------- ---------

See footnotes




at

end of ta b le .

13

2
0
17

6
6

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

1
1

-

-

_
-

_

2
2

1

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

_
_

-

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5
-

5
5
5
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

2 . 95

-

-

-

-

-

27
24

3. 05
3. 05

-

_

_

-

30

2.72

-

-

1

39
7

2. 84
2. 56
2. 90
3. 02

-

-

32
15

_

_

-

-

10
8

3.10
3.31

-

-

2
2
2
0

16

2. 42

11
11

3. 36
2.80
2.76
2. 69

2

9
9

5

33
32

27
27

8

2

30

1

2
2

6
21
-

2
2

2

2
21

2

_

17
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

2
11
11
2

_

_

3

2

7
7

33
33

2

_

_

_

_

2
2
2

6
6

1
1
1

5
46
46
_
46
-

74
73
23
50

1

4
65
63

2
2

41

2

_

_

1

3

-

-

-

-

_
_

1
1

_
-

_
_

_
_

2
2

-

-

2

2

-

6

-

1

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

-

2

2

2

2

-

2
2

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

6

22
2
2
6

8

3

3

10
2
2

2

2

2
12
12
6

2
_

2

2

40
4
4

15
9

2
0
2
2

13
4

72

57
57

3

57
4

74
71
4
67
3

4

3

-

124

121
10
111

8

6
8
11

_

_
_

8

7
7

3

36
33
33
3
3

4
4
4
46
42

2

_

2
2

_

_

4
_

_

2

8
6

2
2

4
4

2

_

_

7

10

19

21
21

2
2
16

1

_

16
16

4
4

2
2
2
2

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
-

14

6
6

_

2
2
2
0
16

_

_

-

-

55
_

16

21

16

2
2

6

3

_

_

-

-

_
16
54

_

3

_

_

_

_

4

7

2

-

-

_

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

_
_

2
2

-

-

1

-

4
4

_

_
_
_
_

2

2

4

1
1

4
4-

2
2

6
6

3
_

2
2

-

-

2

-

-

6

2

2

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
3

2

10

2

2

4

-

2

-

-

-

-

9

4
2
2

-

_

.

8

2

4

_

_

_

_

-

2

-

6

2

2

2
2

_

1

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

2
2

_

-

1

2
2

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

1

2
2
2

2
2
2

-

-

2

2

2

2
2

4

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
2

7
5
2

2
4

1
-

18
18
_

1

2. 94
3. 20

9
22
18
14

-

-

_

_

1

-

4
4
4
-

2

_
_
_
3
3
3
-

-

2
2

_
_
5
4
4

1
1
_

4
14
14
_

4
4
4
34
34
3
31
-

4
4
4
-

56
820
7 91
85
706
29
7

2

2

2
2

_

-

1
1

2
4
4
4

-

2
-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b le 9 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : B a ltim o r e , M d .1— C o n tr a c t s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 19 70 )

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

Num­ Average
ber
$ 1 . 6 0 T \ 65 T> 1,70 $ 1 . 7 5
hourly
of
w o r k - e a r n - u nder
m g s 1*
2
ers
$1.75 $1.80
$ 1 . 6 5 $ 1 70

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
T i .80

$1.85

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $2. 00 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2. 40 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2. 6 0 $ 2 . 70 $ 2. 80 $ 3. 00 $ 3 . 2 0 $3. 40 $ 3 .6 0 $3. 80 $4. 00 $ 4. 20 $4. 40 $4. 60
and

$1.85

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2. 00 $ 2 . 1 0

$ 2. 2 0 $ 2. 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2. 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3. 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3. 80 $4. 00 $4. 20 $4. 40 $4. 60

over

S e l e c t e d pr oduction occu pati ons—
Co ntinue d
C o at fab rication;— Continued
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 4—
*
6
7
Continued
Join u n d e r c o l l a r , join sl e e v e
lining, or p i e c e poc k e ts
( a l l w om en) ( a l l
in ce n tiv e, w o r k e r s )

L i n i n g m a k e r , b o d y ___ ________
W omen (all in c entive
workers 1
P a d c o l l a r and l a p e l s
( al l w o m e n ) ( a ll i n c e n t i v e

14
47

$ 2. 5 4
2 . 97

2

42

2.95

_

2

2

9

2

1
2

6

6

1
3

2
5

2
4

_

2

2

8

2

2

6

5

3

2

4

2

2
_

_

-

2
2

-

_

2

1

2

_

1

4

2

_

_

4

2

_

2
2

4
4

6
6

2
2

2
2

2
2

6
6

6
2

7

4
_

2

2

2
2

_

6 10

2

7

_

2

2

2

_

6

-

2

4

2

1
1

8
8

5
5

4
4

10
10

4
4

10
10

4
4

6
6

6
6

6
4

16
16

-

4

1

1
1

1
_

2
_

2
2

_

2
_

_

2
2

4

_

1

_

_

2

_

_

_

2

_

1

1

1

_

_

2

3

3

2

14

2.82

106
104

2. 98
2 . 97

-

24
38

3. 01
3. 58

-

33

3.43

9

2. 32

14

3.43

1

1

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

4

2

_

2

2

12

3.25

1

1

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

4

2

_

2

_

_

104
96
128
73
60

2. 28
2. 31
3.03
2.77
2.86

7
7
1
1
1

10
10
16
12

8
8

6
6

8

2
2

_

_

_

_
_

3
1
1

9
4
4

9

2
2
10
3
3

_
_

17
12
3

2
2
10

_
_

4
4
4

7
7
7
5
5

_

8

6
6

6

8

6

2

6

4

2
2

4
4

4
2
2

8

4 . 10
2 . 19
2. 07

1

4

_

4

2

4

P o c k e t s e t t i n g and t a c k i n g
(all w o m e n )
In cen tive

S e w e d g e t a p e s ( a ll w o m e n )
( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ------------S e w in s l e e v e __________________
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
workers 1
T a p e a r m h o l e s (a ll w o m e n )
(al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m ,
c l i c k e r m a c h i n e .......................
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
workers )
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s (al l w o m e n ) _____________
In cen tive

U n d e r p r e s s e r s ___________________
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________

-

1

_

2

-

_

_

_

_

2

i
i

1
_

2
2

9
1

i
i

2
2
2

_

_
_

33
33
4
4
4

_

8

7
7

6

6

_

_
_

2
2

_

2
2

M iscellaneous
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) (al l m e n )
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) _ ________ ___
J an itors

16 w o m e n

6 m enl

12
8

1
2
5
4
*
6
7

2
2

2

4

T h e B a l t i m o r e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of t h e c i t y o f B a l t i m o r e ; a n d t h e c o u n t i e s of A n n e A r u n d e l ,
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a t a t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y
m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t , p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s tr i b u te d as follows;
2 at $ 4 . 8 0
to $ 5 , and 2 at $ 5 .4 0 to $ 5 .6 0 ,
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d as follow s;
2 a t $ 4 , 8 0 t o $ 5; 4 a t $ 5 t o $ 5 . 2 0 ; an d 4 a t $ 5 . 4 0 t o $ 5 . 6 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 5 .8 0 to $ 6 .




B altim o re,

C arro ll,

H arford,

and H ow ard.

1

72

T a b l e 1 0 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : B o s to n , M a s s .1— A ll s h o p s
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ___________
W o m e n ______________________
M e n ________ ________________ _

of
worker s

Average
ho u rly
earnings

1, 5 06
983
523

$ 3 .00
2.67
3.61

12

of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s u it a n d c o a t m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)

2

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1.7 5

$1. 80

$1.85

$ 1.70

$ 1.7 5

$1.80

$ 1. 85

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $2. 00 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2. 2 0 $ 2 . 30 $ 2. 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2, 80 $3. 00 $ 3. 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3. 6 0 $3. 80 $4. 00 $ 4. 40 $ 4. 80 $ 5 . 20 $5.60

9
9

6
6

-

-

22
21
1

13
10
3

$ 1.65

$1.9 0 $1.95

$ 2. 00 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 20 $ 2. 30 $ 2. 40 $ 2. 5 0 $2. 60 $ 2. 80 $ 3. 00 $ 3. 2 0 $ 3. 40 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3. 80 $4. 00 $4. 40 $ 4. 80 $5 .20 $5 .60

$ 1 .60^ ”$ i . 6 i r $ 1 . 7 0
and

and

93
56
37

73
37
36

75
32
43

88
25
63

3.72

1

-

3

3

2

2

49
34

4 . 48
3. 92

_

1
1

1
1

2
2

6
5

16
16

3
3

7

2. 64

-

1
1
2
2

2
2
-

17
16
1

12
12

11 1
99
12

83
71
12

80
67
13

46
42
4

66
59
7

102
72
30

162
126
36

84
65
19

21
5
16

31
4
27

28
4
24

~

-

-

10

4

*

"

1
1
-

-

-

"

1

6
6

23
23

76
17
59

41
14
27

126
74
52

18
17
1

over

S e l e c t e d pro ductio n occupa tio ns
Cutting
C u t t e r s , cloth (all me n)
(al l t i m e w o r k e r s ) _______________
(a ll m e n ) -----------------------------------------T i m e ____________________
Co at fa br ic ation
B u t t o n s e w e r s , h a nd
( a ll w o m e n ) 3 a / ------------------------------B u t t o n h o l e m a k e r s , hand
(al l w o m e n ) -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------ --------F i n i s h e r s , h a n d ( a l l w o m e n ) ---------T i m e ___________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------F i t t e r s ------------------------------------------------W o m e n ____________________
T i m e ____________________
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l _________________
W o m e n 3 a / ------------------------------P a i r e r s and t u r n e r s ( a ll w o m e n ) . . .
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , ha nd
( a l l me n) ^_ a/------------------------------------P r e s s e r s , finish, m a chine
( a ll m e n ) -------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 6------------W o m e n -------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n _______________________
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------B a s t e e d g e s ----------------------------------W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
Baste, ju m p -stitc h machine,
a r m h o l e ( a ll w o m e n ) ----------------I n c e n t i v e ________________
Baste, ju m p -stitc h machine,
c a n v a s ( a ll w o m e n ) ------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------B aste, ju m p -stitch m achine,
f a c i n g s ----------------------------------------W o m e n 3b / ------------------------------B aste, ju m p -stitch machine,
l i n i n g s and y o k e s ----------------------W o m e n (al l i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )_________________

S ee fo o tn o te s




a t en d of ta b le .

1

1

-

3. 15
3. 30
2. 68
2.17
2. 82
2. 71
2.47
2. 50
2. 24
2 . 07
2. 36
2 . 07
2. 57

_
-

23

4.1 6

-

1
_
1
-

-

-

-

-

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7
6
2
4
1
1
-

2
2
2
_
-

1
1
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4

1
-

_

2. 93
3.21

-

-

7
6

2. 64
2. 66

-

-

7
6

3.16
3.27

13

3. 64

-

9

3.74

3
1
2
-

-

3
1
2
2
2
-

-

2
2
-

-

1
1
-

-

12
8

-

9
9
2
-

5

1
1
-

3
3
1
2
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

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1
1

-

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16
10
6
2
2
2
7
7
5
5

-

3
3

7

6
6
1

40
39

12
5
7
3
3
2
7
7
2
2

1

1

6
6
1
1
1
1

9
9
1
1
1
1

2
2
12
12
1
1
1
-

1
1
2
2
4

2
2
5
5
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4
4
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6
2
4
2
2
2

1
1
3
3
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7
7
3
3
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5
5
1
1
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-

1

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1

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1

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1

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10

9

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51
34

1
1
46
31

12
1
37
15
1
14
22
12
10

7
7
17

8
8
14
9
9
5
5

5
5
7
4
4

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14
14
8
2
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6
6
1
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■

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7

47
42
27
15

73
70
34
36

1
1
45
38
8
30

1
1

5

3

7

4
1

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1
6

-

-

-

1
1

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-

-

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4.73
4 . 94
2.97
2. 82
2. 45
3. 12
3. 62
3. 38
3.73
3 . 25
3 . 35
3. 66

3
15
10
16
5
11
1
1
1
1

2

26
20
11 7
24
93
17
13
11
23
19
17
7
10

55
44
589
483
214
269
106
31
75
13
9
7

-

30
29
24

6
1
1
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20
19
11
8
1
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1
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2

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33

22
21
14
7
1
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28
27
20

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5
1
1
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3

47
44
15
29
3
-

3

5

5

29
17
17

26
15
6
9
2
1
1

20
19
1
18
1
1
1
1
1

7
-

7
10
4
6
1

43
57
7
5
3
-

3

3

2

3
1
1
1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

1

1

1

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-

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2
2
2

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1

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“

T a b le 10. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings: B oston, M ass.1— A ll sh o ps— C o n tin u e d
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s ui t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)

A v e r-

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
$ 1 .6 5

$ 1 .70

$ 1 .7 5

$ 1 .8 0 TT785" $

$ 1 .7 0 $1 .7 5

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .8 5

$1 .9 5 $ 2 . 0 0

$ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 "$4.40 T O o $5.2 0

$ 5 .6 0

$ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5 .6 0

over

1.9 0

o

$ 1.6 0
of
h o u r ly
w o rk - e a rn e rs
m g s 2 $ 1 .6 5

C)
N

N um O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

and

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s —
C o n tin u e d
C o a t f a b r i c a t io n — C o n tin u e d
S e w in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s 6—
C o n tin u e d
B u tto n s e w in g ( a ll w o m e n )
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------B u tto n h o le m a k i n g ______________
W o m e n _______________________
C o l la r p r e p a r i n g , e x c e p t
p ie c in g o r p a d d in g ------------------W o m e n _______________________
I n c e n tiv e ---------------------------C o l la r s e t t i n g ___________________
W o m e n _______________________

13
11

9
7
11
10

7
20

15
8

F e l l bod y lin in g , b o tto m a n d
s id e (a ll w o m e n )_______________
Tn r o n h
J o in s h o u ld e r , c lo th
J o in s id e s e a m s _________________
W o m e n _______________________
I n c e n tiv e __________________
J o in u n d e r c o l l a r , j o in s le e v e
l in in g , o r p ie c e p o c k e ts _______
W o m e n _______________________

20

14
b
17
14

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .




-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

2.65
2.59
2.76
3.06
2.7 7
2.45
3.1 4

1
1

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2.91
3.12
3.29
3.36
3.21
3 .3 8

1

_
-

.
_
-

-

2
2
2

-

18

2.63
2.5 7
2.04
3.45
3.3 7

_
-

13

3.00

-

16
15
50

2.88

22

3,09
3.94
3.96
2.58
2.48
2.44
2.94
2.61
2.60
2.63
3.71
3.82

12
22
21
8

28
20

13
10
8

27
19
9
10
8

7
15

2.90
3.57

10

2.71
2.90

32

2.50
2.3 7
2.59

-

7
2
2
2

_
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-

1
1
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5

2

’

1

_

.

_

_

_

_

.

_

1
1

1

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

4

_

_

_

1
1

2

.

1
_

-

_

2

_

.

3

.

2

3
3

4
2

1
1

_
_

-

-

1

.
.

_

_
-

_
_

_

_
_

2

1

1
1

_
_
_

_
-

2

2

2

_
_
_

1

-

_

2
2

_
4

1
1

3.09

51

1
1

\
_
-

13
I n c e n tiv e ---------------------------L in in g m a k e r , b o d y ------------------W o m en ( a ll in c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) __________ ________
P ad c o lla r and la p e ls
( a ll w o m e n ) ____________________
I n c e n t i v e __________________
P o c k e t s e tt in g a n d ta c k i n g ______
W o m en ( a ll in c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) -----------------------------M e n ----------------------------------------Tn c e n ti ve
S ew e d g e t a p e s __________________
W o m e n _______________________
I n c e n tiv e
S ew in s l e e v e ___________________
W o m e n _______________________
T i m e _______________________
I n c e n t iv e ---------------------------M e n ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e __________________
S le e v e m a k in g , c lo th
( a ll w o m e n ) ____________________
I n c e n tiv e __________________
T a i lo r s , a ll a r o u n d ( a ll m e n )
Tall t i m e w o r k e r s )
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s tin g
p u l l e r s ( a ll w o m e n )_______________
T i m e _______________________
I n c e n tiv e
......... . .

$ 2 .6 0
3.12
3.10
2.53

2

2

1
1

1

1

_

4
3

-

-

1

-

4

1

2

1

4

11

4
7

_

1
_

-

1

2

1

_

_

2

1

_

_

_
_

1

2
2

1

_

_

1

_

.

_

_

_

_
_

2

_
_
7

5

_
_
3

1

2

2

1
1

1
6

_

2

_

_

5

1

1

2

2

_

_

1

.

_

_
l

Z
_

l

2

2

1

2
2

1
1

_

_
_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

.

2

.
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

_

23

2

2
_

1
_

1
_

_
_

2

3

2

2

2

1
1

2

-

2

1

1

"

2

1
2

1
1

1

_
_

3

4

1
2

_

_

_
_

-

-

1

_
_

-

T a b le 10. O c c u p a tio n a l earn ing s: B oston, M as s.1— A ll shops— C ontinued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s and b o y s ’ s ui t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . A p r i l 1970)

1 T h e B o s t o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of Su ff ol k C o u n t y , 15 c o m m u n i t i e s in E s s e x C o u n t y , 30 in M i d d l e s e x C o u n t y , 20 in N o r f o l k C o u n t y , and 9 in P l y m o u t h C ou nt y.
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
3 I n s u f f i c i e n t d a ta t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e t h od of w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
4 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 6 t o $ 6 . 4 0 .
5 W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ibu ted as fo llows:
1 at $ 5 . 6 0 to $ 6 , and 6 at $ 6 t o $ 6 . 4 0 .
6 I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .




T a b le 11. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings: C hicago, III.1 All shops
—
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ’ s ui t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

Aver-

of
hourly
w o r k - ea rnm a
ings

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ___________
W o m e n ___________ _____ ______
M e n ___ ____ ____ _____ ____ _ _

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.60

$1.65

u nd er
$1.6 5 $1.7 0

$1.70

$ 1.7 5

$1.80

$1.85

$1.90

$2. 00

$2. 10

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

$1.75

$1.80

$1.85

$1.90

$2. 00

$2.10

$ 2. 2 0

$ 2. 2 0 $ 2. 30 $ 2. 40
-

-

$ 2 . 3 0 $ 2. 40 $2. 60

$ 2. 6 0

$ 2. 80

-

-

-

$2. 80

$3.00

5 ,6 25
3, 721
1,904

$3. 26
2.99
3.80

67
60
7

15
14
1

16
15
1

68
62
6

30
29
1

38
26
12

78
76
2

145
128
17

128
114
14

177
149
28

153
135
18

529
456
73

47 2
368
104

110
105
364
358
45
313

4. 34
4. 35
4 . 41
4 . 41
4.06
4. 46

_
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

2
2
_

2
2
2
2
_

_

1
1
_

4
4
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

2

4

16

3.25

_

_

_

15
101
81
10
71
20
18

3.25
2.99
2. 92
2.57
2 . 97
3.27
3.19

2
2
2
-

-

_
_
-

_
2
2
_

_
_
-

_
_
_
.
_

_

_

_

2
2
_

3
3
1
2
_
_

5
4
_

4
2
2
_

4
1
1

2
_
_

18
17
154
153
15 1
563
561
26
535
49
16
14
50
36

3.12
3.15
2.88
2. 87
2. 87
2.82
2.82
2.85
2.82
2. 73
2.50
2.56
3.26
2.99

2
2
2
2
2
7
7
7
1
1
_
.

1
1
1
4
4
4
_
_
-

_
2
2
2
_
_
-

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

2
2
2
8
8
8
_
_
_

1
1
1
6
5
5
_
_
_
_

2
2
2
15
15
15
1
1
1
_
_

6
6
6
21
21
_
21
_
_
_

1
1
4
4
4
23
23
_

_
_

1
1
1
4
4
4
_
_
_
_

5
5
5
32
32
_

11
11
11
27
27
_

23
.
_
_

27
1
_
_

2
2

1
1

32
3
3
3
4
4

21
250
208
19 7
1,4 35
1,319
37
1,28 2
1 16
12
104
28

3.73
3.82
3.95
3.95
3.24
3.20
2.60
3. 22
3.77
3.60
3. 79
3. 58

2
8
7
7
1
1
-

3
3
3
-

8
7
7
1
1
-

19
19
4
15
-

9
9
1
8
1

5
5
-

4
2
2
19
19
-

_

_

_

5

19
-

2
1
1
38
36
2
34
2
_
2
1

_

-

1
28
28
2
26
-

3
1
1
37
35
1
34
2
2
-

3
2
2
44
41
2
39
3
_
3
1

6
4
4
119
1 13
9
104
6
2
4

8
6
6
112
109
6
103
3
_

2

3
1

27

3.60

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

_

1

2

59

3.40

-

-

1

-

_

-

_

_

1

3

1

71
68

3. 10
3.09
3. 10

2

-

_

-

-

1
1
1

4

-

1
1
1

-

1
1

2
2
2

_
_

1
1
1

5
5

$3.00 $ 3 .2 0 $3. 40 $ 3. 60 $3. 80 T T o o $ 4. 20 I T T O $ 4. 60 T o o
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

_

$5.00
and

$ 3. 2 0 $ 3. 4 0 $3. 60 $3.80 $4. 00 $ 4. 20 $4. 40 $4. 60 $4. 80 $5.00

528
393
135

481
365
116

393
284
109

460
307
153

37 1
221
150

259
172
87

291
1 13
17 8

201
81
120

1
1
_

2
2
2
2
_

4
4
_
_
_

2
2
7
6

-

6

5
4
35
35
3
32

6
4
21
21
1

2

5
4
46
45
24
21

12
12
6
6

1

5
5
10
10
2
8

182
58
124

169
20
149

227
28
199

7
7

21
21
81
79
8

39
38
109
107
5

71

102

147
47
100

Se l e c t e d pr oduction occ upa tio ns
Cuttin g
_
____
l i n i n g (a ll m e n ) _
I n c e n t i v e - _ ____________
C u t t e r s and m a r k e t s , c l o t h _______
Men
___________ _________
_____
T i m e ____________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
Cutters,

6

20

29
29
2
27

8
8
8

C o at fabricat ion
B a s t e r s , a r m h o l e , ha n d _________
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )_________________
B a s ter s , except armhole, h a n d _
_
W o m e n ____________________
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e _________ _ ____
_
M e n _____ _
__________ _
_
I n c e n t i v e . ___ _________ _
Bu t to n s e w e r s , ha nd
_
(a ll w o m e n ) ________ _ _________
I n c e n t i v e _ . . . _______ _
B u t t o n h o l e m a k e r s , hand _ _ _ _____
_
Wom en _
_ _______ _____ _
I n c e n t i v e ....
F i n i s h e r s , ha nd _
Wo men .
T i m e ______ _ _________
I n c e n t i v e __________
__
_
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ___ _ _ _ _
_
__
Wo men
T im e_
_
____ _ _
_
P a i r e r s and t u r n e r s _____________
W o m e n ____________ _______
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , ha n d (18 m e n ,
3 w o m e n ) 3b / ___________________
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e _ _____
M e n ________________ _____
I n c e n t i v e _ _ ______ ____
_
Sew ing-m achine operators 5 _ _ _
_ _ _
W o m e n _ _ _ _____________
_
T i m e ________________ _
I n c e n t i v e _____ ________
M e n _____ _____ __________
T im e—
_____________
_
_
I n c e n t i v e . . _ _ __ ___
_
B a s t e edges
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _ _______________
_
Baste, ju m p -stitch m a ch in e,
a r m h o l e (a ll w o m e n ) (al l
incentive w orkers) _ _
_
____
Baste, ju m p -stitch m a chin e,
c a n v a s _______ _____ __
_____
W o m e n _ _ . _ . . . ___ _____
I n c e n t i v e ________ _______

S ee

fo o tn o te s




at end

of ta b le .

67

4

2
-

-

2
_
_

4

4

1
_
7
7
4
3
_
_

3
3

4

1

2

1

3

2

1

l

1
9
4
_

1
7
7

1
8
7

3
7
5

2
5
2

1

1

4
3

3
3

2
1

4
5
5

1
15
14
1
13
1
1

7

7
1
_

5
2
2

2
3
3

3
1
1

3

1
1

2
1
22
22
21
66
66
4
62
12
7
6
4
4

24
24
24
66
66
8
58
12
1
1
4
4

4
4
8
8
8
44
44

4
4
9
9
8
21
21

2
2
4
4
4
16
16

5
4
4
10
10

5
5
5
7
7

44
1
1
1
8
5

21
1

16

10

1
1

3
3

2
1

_

_

24
18

14
10
10
85
79

13
34
32
27
62
55
1
54
7
1
6
3
3

7
7
3
4
_
_

10
6
1
5
4
4

2
2
21
21
21
85
85
5
80
12
1
1
2
1

1
1
9
9
9
50
50
5
45
4
1
1
5
3

4
11
7
7
143
136
2
134
7
1
6

_

_

15
13
13
155
143
4
139
12
_

23
19
19
109
103
_

12

6

7

113
99
1
98
14
5
9

3

2

3

2

2

79
6
1
5
1

1

2

2

3

2

2

1

3

5

4

7

4

8

6

3

3

5

2

4
4
4

4

5
5
5

8

7

4

7
7

7
7
7

2

7
7

9
9
9

2
2

4
4

1
1
1

3
3

_
_

4

4

_
_
11
11
11
42
41
4
37
_

2
2

103
6
_

4
22
18
18
136
129
1
128
7
_

16

1

1
1

1
1
1
5
5

1
1

1
1

7

5
1

1

1

2
1

5

2
1

23
21
17
48
40

14
14
14
49
40
1
39
9
2
7
1

11
10
10
15
13

5
5
5
23
17

25
4 25
25
48
34

13
2

17
6

34
6 14

2

6
2

14

2

73

40
8
8

1

3

1

1

3

1
1

-

-

T a b l e 11. O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s :

C h i c a g o , III.1— A ll s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d

( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s ui t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

Num­ A v e r ­
ber
age
T L 6 0 ~ $1.6 5
of
hourly
and
w ork­ earn­
u nder
ers
i n gs 2
$1.65 $ 1.70

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1.70

$ 1. 7 5 TT780

$1. 8 5

.0
$1.90 $ 2 0

$ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 3 0

$2.40

$ 1.7 5

$1.80

$ 1 . 85

$1.9 0

$ 2.0 $ 2.10
0

$ 2.20 $ 2 . 3 0

$ 2.60 $ 2. 80

$ 2. 6 0

$2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $3. 80 $ 4. 00 $ 4 . 2 0 $4. 40' $4. 60 T 4 . 8 0 $5 .00
and

$ 2. 4 0

$ 3. 00 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3. 80 $ 4. 00 $ 4. 2 0 $4. 40 $ 4. 60 $ 4. 80 $5 .00 o v e r

S e l e c t e d production occu pati ons—
Continued
Co at fa brication— Co ntinue d
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5—
Continued
B aste, ju m p -stitc h machine,
f a c i n g s ______________________
Women
_
I n c e n t i v e ________________
B aste, ju m p -stitch machine,
l i n i n g s and y o k e s
( al l w o m e n ) _________________
I n c e n t i v e . . _______________
B o o k e d g e s ____________________
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _________________
B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g ____________
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
F a c i n g t a c k i n g (a ll w o m e n ) 3
b/__
F e l l b o d y l i n i n g , b o t t o m and
s i d e ---------------------------------------------W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------J o i n s h o u l d e r , c l o t h _____ _____
W o m e n ______________ _____
I n c e n t i v e ________________
J oi n s i d e s e a m s --------------------------W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) -------------------------------J oi n u n d e r c o l l a r , j o i n s l e e v e
l i n i n g , or p i e c e p o c k e t s . . ___
W o m e n ______________ ______
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------L i n i n g m a k e r , b o d y --------------------W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
P a d c o l l a r and l a p e l s __________
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )__________________
P o c k e t s e t t i n g and t a c k i n g _____
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n 3 / ------------------------------------b
S e w e d g e t a p e ------------------------------W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )_________________
S e w i n s l e e v e --------------------------------W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h -----------------W o m e n -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------T a p e a r m h o l e s ( al l w o m e n )
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ------------S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m , hand
(a ll m e n ) (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------------------

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .




2. 98

-

-

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

2
2
2

_
_
_

1
1
1

_

2
2
1

2
2
2

1
1
1

4
4
4

1
1
1

3
3
3

2
2
2

1
1
1

4
4
4

2
1
1

_
_
_

_
_
_

35
34
14

3. 2 4
3. 28
4. 2 8

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

5
5
-

2
2

4
4
-

5
5
_

3
3
-

3
3
3

6
6
1

3
3
_

3
3
_

_

_
_

_

_

_

-

2

1

2

2

82

6
11
10
6

_
-

-

_
_
-

-

_
-

-

_
_
_
_

_

1

-

2

_
_
_
_
-

1

1

.
.
.
_
-

_
_
_
_

-

1
1
1
2

2

-

-

_

1
1
1

_
_
_
-

-

1
1
1
1

-

1

-

-

13

3. 95
2.72
2.67
2.67
2.87

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
.
-

31

3 . 97

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

3

4

18
15
14
13
45

3 . 37
3. 58
3 . 61
3. 65
3. 76

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

_
-

1
1
1
1
2

4
-

1

-

3

1

-

5

43

3.77

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

1

5

52
51
50
56
53
47
56

3.06
3.03
3.05
3.09
3.11
3.21
2. 98

1
1
1

-

1
1

-

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1

2
2
2
1
1

3
3
3

7
7
7

4
4
4

-

1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1

-

_
-

-

3

1

-

3

27
26
25

$ 3 .0 0

54
96
90
83

2.96

-

-

34

2. 99
3 . 07
3. 04
3. 03
3. 48
3. 50

-

31
76

3.52
3.21

-

63
13

-

52
46
45

3. 05
3.97
3. 99
3 . 07
3.00
2. 98

-

-

-

-

14

3. 95

-

-

6

12

8

1
1
1

-

1
1
-

-

1
1
1
-

3
3

2

-

-

1

3
3
3
-

-

1
1
1
1

-

-

1
1

'

1

3

2
2
1

2
2
2
4

1
1
1

1
1
1
1

-

-

-

1

1

-

4

1
2

3

2

1

-

4
-

-

3
-

2

-

-

1

-

6
6
6

2

1

4
3
3
3
-

6
6
2
8
8
6
5
5

5
5

1

1
1
1

1
1
1
6
5

8
8

4

7
3

4
5
5
-

1

2

1

2

2

2

1

2

2

1

-

1

98

1

-

_

-

1
1
1
2

1
1
1

5

2
2
2
1

4

3

2

2

2
1
1
1
2

-

2

1
1
1
1
6

1

5
4
3
4

2
1
1
1
1

4

2

4

1

6

2

5

2

1

1

4

3

4

3
3
3
3

4
4
4

6
6
6

8
8
8

2
2
2

7

1

1
1
1

3

4
4
4
4

2
1
1
2
2
2

1
1
1

5
5
5

3
3
3
-

3
3
3

5
4
4
4

1
1
1
8
8
8

-

3

_
-

-

9
13

3

4

7

1
10
10
10

4
3
3
3
-

-

-

2
2
2

3

3
3
3
-

1
1

2
2
10
12
10
1

1
6

4

6

6

4

5

3
3

5

4

13
-

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

3
3
3

1
1
1

4
4
4

6
6

3
3
3

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-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

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_

1

1

9

1
1

6
6
6

4
4
4

2
2
1
1
1

1

1

2

-

1
1
1

1
3

-

_
-

11
10

3
13

-

_
_
_

8
6
6
2
1

4
5

-

-

12
12
10

2
6

1
1
8
8
8

"

6
6
6

3

-

7

1

2

5

1
1

_
_
_

1
1
1
1

-

-

_
_
_

2
1
1
1

-

3.74

-

1

_
_
_

-

3
"

4

-

3
3

_
_
_
-

1

-

1
4

2

1
1
1
1

2
2
2
1
1
1
2

4
4
4

-

-

-

2

2

-

1

2

2

-

1
1

-

1

2

1
1
6
2
2

2

-

-

~

-

-

1
1
1

-

-

1
1

1

3

2
1

1
1

2

1

-

3

1
1
1

_
-

1
1
1
1
1

-

-

1

1

-

1

1

T a b l e 11. O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s :

C h i c a g o , III.1— A ll s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d

( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s u i t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

Num­ Averbe r
a ge
$ 1.60 $ 1 . 6 5
hourly
of
and
w o rk ­ earn­
u nd er
er s
i ng s 2
$1.6 5 $ 1. 7 0

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y ei ar n in gs of—
$ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 3 0
.0

$ 1.70

$1. 7 5

$1.80

$1.85

$1.90

$1. 7 5

$1.80

$1.85

$1.90

$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 3 0
0

$ 2. 40

$ 2. 6 0

$ 2. 80 $3.00' $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3. 40 '$3.60' T3780 $ 4. 00 $ 4. 2 0 $4. 40 $ 4. 60 $4. 80 ~ $ To 6
~

$ 2. 6 0

$2. 80

$3.00 $ 3. 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3. 60 $3. 80 $ 4. 00 $ 4. 2 0 $4. 40 $4. 60 $4. 80 $5.00

and
$ 2. 4 0

over

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s ---Continue d
Coat fa br ic ation — Continued
S h a p e r s , u n d e r c o l l a r , h a n d ----------M e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _
T a i l o r s , a l l a r o u n d ______________
M e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ______
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s _________________________
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
U n d e r p r e s s e r s __________________
Women (all incen tive
w o r k e r s ) --------------------------------M e n _______________________
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________

17
13
97
81

$ 3.7 7
4.16
3.32
3 . 37

_
-

_
.
-

_

_
.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

168
164
158
303

2.48
2.48
2.48
3. 91

19
18
18

1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1

3
3
3
-

2
2
2

8
8
8

-

3
3
3
-

15
288
24
264

3.57
3.93
3.56
3.96

-

-

-

-

2

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

3.15
3.89
3.83
2.57
2.64
3.14
3. 11
2.83
3.14
3. 52
3. 50

.
-

_
-

_
-

17
17
13

13
13
13
3

1

2

_

_
-

1
15
14
14

2

10
10
10
2

-

-

2

1
2

2

2

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

5
5
5
-

-

-

1
1

2
2

10
2

6
6

4
3
3

-

-

5
5
5
_
-

4
4
18
18
5
13
-

4
4
7

3
3
4
4

1

_
-

2
1

1
5
5

3

1
1
25

1

14

8
8
8

18
17
17
4

17
17
17

11

19

12
11
10
10

3

-

-

11

1

19
5
14

9
-

1

-

5

1

6

-

-

3
-

10

10

9

9
26
25

-

4
4
5
5
5
-

-

1
1

9

2
2

1
1

7
7

38
37

7
7
7

5
5
5
33

-

1

16
16
16

1
1
14
14

2
2
2
17

2

_
-

1
1
1
1
1
35

2

2
2
_
-

2
2
1
50

2

32
3
29

15
15

33

32

48
5
43

1

-

-

-

1
1

-

1

1
1

_
_
_
_

12
0
2

_

1
1
1

3
3
_
-

.
_

1
1

_
-

1
1
1
2
2

2
2
2
2
0

_
16

11

1
21
2

1

_

_

19

16

27
_

19

18

15

11
1
10

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
12
1

-

_

5
5
5
5

_
_
_
-

1

1

_

_

28

1
27

T r o u s e r fa brication
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l (al l
w o m e n ) 3 / _____________________
a
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h _________________
Me n (all incen tive w o r k e r s ) _
S e w e r s , ha nd
(a ll w o m e n ) --------------------------------- _
_
I n c e n t i v e ________________
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5______
W o m e n _ __________________
_
T i m e . __________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n ___ _________ __________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
A t t a c h f ly ( a ll w o m e n )
(al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
A t t a c h w a i s t b a n d ( a ll w o m e n )
( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
A t t a c h z i p p e r s (a ll w o m e n )
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
B a r t a c k i n g ------------------------------------W o m e n ____________________
In cen ti ve .
_____________
J o i n s e a t s e a m s ( a ll w o m e n )
(al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ______
M a k e p o c k e t s ___________ _____
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
P i e c i n g f l y s __________________
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )--------------------------------P i e c i n g p o c k e t s ( a ll w o m e n )
(al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ______
Qpr g,11 r
1n c
o e i 01 &-------------------------------------------W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _____________
_
_
S t i t c h p o c k e t s _________________
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________

S ee footnotes




a t e n d of t a b l e .

8
13
7

8
6
74
2 75
2 57
23
234
18
17

2
2
-

2
-

1
1

6
3
3

1
1

2
2

1
1

11
11
1
10

1
24

1
1
1

3
-

1
1
1

9
9
27
26

13

3
3
31

1
1

4
3
30
30
4
26
_

6
6

5
17
_

1

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

1
25

1
1

12

32
31
31

-

25
25

2
2
2
2
2
2

1
1
19
17

1

16

2
1

1
_
7
7
_
7
-

10

_

-

_
5
5
_
5
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

1

_
4
4
4
_
_

3.1 7

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

2
0

2.99

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

2

1

-

1

1

-

-

2

4

5

1

-

1

-

6
2
0

3.05
3.46
3.45
3. 38

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

3
3
3

-

2

1
2
2
2

-

-

_

-

_

-

3 . 74
3. 28
3.29
3.40
3. 34

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3
-

-

-

3
3
3
-

-

1
1
1

6
6
2

-

1
1
1

-

-

75
71
59
16

12

3.26

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
15

2.71
2.63

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

14
9

2.60
2. 81
2.80
2.89

1
1
1
1

8

19
15

6

8
7

-

-

1
6
6

2
2
2
1
11
11
11

5
5

6
6
6

7

5
5
5
-

5
4

2
1
1
1
1

1

1
1
1

-

-

-

1

3

-

10
1

-

-

1

-

3

-

-

-

1

2

-

4

1

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

1

1

-

2

-

2

2
1

4
3

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2
1
1

2
1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

9
-

9
-

5
-

14
14

2
1
1

5
4
4
-

2
1

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

2
2
2

7

6

1
1
1
-

T a b l e 11. O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s :

C h i c a g o , III.1 A ll s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d
—

( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

2 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a ti o n s in m e n ’ s and b o y s ' s ui t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 197 0)

T h e C h i c a g o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of C o o k , D u P a g e , K a n e , L a k e , M c H e n r y , and W i l l C o u n t i e s .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s hi f t s .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d at a to w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e t h od o f w a g e
p a y m e n t ; (a)p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s ,
or (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 9 at $ 5 to $ 5 . 2 0 ; 5 at $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0 ; 4
at $ 5 . 4 0 t o $ 5 . 6 0 ; 3 at $ 5 . 6 0 t o $ 5 . 8 0 ;
and 4 at $ 5 . 8 0 and o v e r .
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 5 at $ 5 t o $ 5 . 2 0 ; 3 at $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0 ; 3
at $ 5 . 4 0 t o $ 5 . 6 0 ; and 3 a t $ 5 . 8 0 and o v e r .
2 at $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0 and 1 at $ 5 . 6 0 t o $ 5 . 8 0 . 3
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ibu ted as fo llow s:
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 5 .40 t o $ 5. 60.
3 at $ 5 to $ 5 . 2 0 ; 1 at $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0 ; and 4 at $ 5 . 8 0 and o v e r .
Workers
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d as f o l l o w s
1 at $ 5 t o $ 5 . 2 0 and 1 at $ 5 . 8 0 and o v e r .
Workers
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d as f o l l o w s
1 at $ 5 to $ 5 . 2 0 and 1 at $ 5 . 2 0 t o $ 5 . 4 0 .
W orkers
w e r e d is tr ibu ted as fo llow s




T a b le 12.

O c c u p a tio n a l earn ing s:

C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — K y . — lnd.1— A ll s h o p s

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ___________
W o m e n -----------------..-----------------------M e n __________________________

of
workei s

Averag e
$ 1. 60
hourly
earn u nd er
ings
$1.65

1,457
969
488

$2. 83
2.59
3.29

36
23

3. 51
3. 1 3
3.34
3.29

38
31
7

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1. 6 5

$1.70

$1 .75

~
$ 1 .7 0

$1. 80
“

$ 1 . 8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2. 60 $2. 80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4. 20 $4. 40
.0
'

27
24
3

59
54
5

2
2

-

$1.75

$1. 80

12
11
1

10
3

7
3
4

14

3
5

-

-

-

-

-

8

13

$1.85

$4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20

and
$ 1. 90 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 60 $2. 80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4. 20 $4. 40 $4. 60 $4.80 $5.00 $ 5.20 o v e r
0
"

8
6

“

140
115
25

“

117

"

10
2

6
6

15

80
14

207
162
45

-

-

-

1

1

_
-

_

"

10
0

111
6
8

46

43

146

“

99
63
36

-

"

"

-

8
6

73
25
48

39
24
15

43
26
17

50
36

-

-

24
7
17

25

11

21
1
2
0

18

21

6

16

23

2
1

_

1
1
1

_
_

_
_

5
_
_

_
_

30
9

14
3

6
_

2

2

Se le c t e d pr oduction occu pa tio ns
Cutting
Cutters,

c l o t h ( a ll m e n ) ------------------T i m e ...........................................
C u t t e r s , l i n i n g ( a ll m e n ) _________
T i m e ...........................................
S p r e a d e r s ------------------------------------------Men^_b/--------------------------------------

22
12
13

10

2.68

_
_
_

_

_
-

_
_

_
_

.

_
_

See

footnotes




at end of tab le.

-

2.71

_

2
2

2
1

2
2
2
1
7
5

16
_
_
_
_

_

1
_

1
1

15
7
7
_

3
-

2

6

1

_

2
1
1

_

1

4

1
1

~

'

C o a t fa br ic ation
B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , hand
(a ll w o m e n ) _ b / ____._____________
B u t t o n s e w e r s , hand
(al l w o me n ) --------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------F i n i s h e r s , ha nd ( a ll w o m e n ) ----------I n c e n t i v e ________________
F i t t e r s __________________________
W o m e n -------------------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ________________
I n s p e c t o r s , f i na l (4 m e n ,
3
w ome n) ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , hand
(a ll m e n ) ------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e ------------M e n ---------------- .------------------------T i m e --------------- -------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5-----------W o m e n ____________________
T i m e -----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n 3 b /____________________
B a s t e e d g e s ( a ll wome n)
( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ------------B a ste, ju m p -stitc h machine,
c a n v a s ( a ll w ome n)
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) -----------Baste, ju m p -stitch m a c h in e,
f a c i n g s ---------------------------------------W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _________________
B aste, ju m p -stitch machine ,
l i n i n g s and y o k e s ( a ll w ome n )
(al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g ----------------------W o m e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----F e l l b o d y l i n i n g , b o t t o m and
s i d e ( a ll w o me n ) (al l
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) -------------------J o i n s i d e s e a m s --------------------------W o m e n ^_b/_________________

_
_

1
1

8
21
13
126
105
34
31
23

8

2.28

.

_

_

_

_

_

1

3

_

_

_

3

2.62
2. 75
2.50
2. 54
2.49
2.44

1
1

.
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

1
1

_
15

2
2
6

-

_
-

_
_

-

5
5
4

5
7
7
7

5
23
18

_
-

2
2
2

_
13
13

2.21

4
4
_
-

_
-

2

1
1

_
-

3.11

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

12

3.96
3.98
4. 20
4. 33
3. 37
4. 48
2. 78
2. 76
2.30
2.38
3.26

10

9
-

8
8
8

10

2
2

78
74

10

64
348
336
70
266

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
5

_
_
_

6
6
2

3

2

_
-

_
-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
3

1
1

3
3

-

1

1
1
1

-

4

"

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

1

2
1

-

6

2
2
2
2
1
2
1

-

-

-

"

"

19
19
13

3.17

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

3.94

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

7

3.87

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

3.20
2. 41
2. 37

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

_
-

10
15
14

2.87
3. 1 3
3.02

12
1
1

2

2
2
6
6
2

_
-

2
2

-

-

3
3
3
3

-

3

-

-

-

_
3
3
3
25
25

11
10

_
-

1
1

-

7
7
7

-

-

1

2

2

1

1

1

_
-

1
1
-

.
3
3

.
3
3

36
35
7
28

-

-

-

-

_
-

35
33

13
13
4
9

55
55
14
41

-

-

1

3

16

17

2

-

8

9
9
3

6

2

2

-

_
-

2

9 :

7

2
2
2

_
-

16

1

-

2.8
8

17

11

2.89

23

7
3
-

1
7

-

-

“

'

“

.
_

-

1
1

-

-

-

.

1
1

"

-

2
1
29
28

2

26

1

-

1
2
37
37

1

1
1

1

36

24

-

"

4

9
9
3

6
11
11
1
10
-

_
_
-

1
1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1
6
6

7
7
7
7

1
1
2
2

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
.
_

_

_

1

2

2

-

-

-

7
7

16
16

6
6

-

-

16

6

-

-

1
1
6
6
1
5
9
5
_
5
4

_
_
_
-

1
1

_
_
_
-

1

-

12
12
_

_
-

-

12
6
6

6
2
1

_

_

6

1
1

_
_
_
_

1
6
1

_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

1
„ 1

_

2

1
2
2

_
_
_
_

_
_
41 3
13
_
13

2
2

1

-

1

1

2

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

3

1

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1

_

.

3

-

3
3

2

“

2
2
2

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

2
2

-

.

1

.

1

-

-

-

-

3

62

5

1

2
2

2
2
2

1

1

2

2
2

2
2

-

-

_

T a b l e 12.

O c c u p a tio n a l earn ing s:

C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — K y . — Ind.1 A l l s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d
—

( N u m b e r a nd a v e r a g e s t r . a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s u i t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

of
work-

Aver age
$ 1.60
ho urly
earnu nd er
mgs
$1.6 5

April

1970)

N u m t >er of w o r k e:rs r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—
$ 1 .6 5

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

-

-

-

-

$1.75

$1.80

$L8
!

<
S
r

1 70

$ 1 . 8 5 $ 1. 90

$ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2.30 $2. 40 $ 2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4. 40 $4. 60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20
.0

"
and
"
"
‘
"
.0
$ 1 . 9 0 $ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2.40 $ 2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3-40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4. 20 $4.40 $4. 60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 o v e r
”

S e l e c t e d pro ductio n o c c u pa ti ons—
Continued
C o a t fa br ic ation — Continue d
Sew in g-m achin e operators 5
---Continue d
Join u n d e r c o l l a r , join s l e e v e
l i n i n g , or p i e c e p o c k e t s
( a l l w o m e n ) (a ll
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) --------------------L i n i n g m a k e r , b o dy
( a ll w o me n )__________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------P a d c o l l a r and l a p e l s
( a ll w o me n ) ( a ll
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) --------------------W o m e n 7------------------------------------S e w d a r t s , c l o t h ( a l l w ome n )
S e w e d g e t a p e ( a l l w o me n )
^11 i ryr
\x/nrVpr q|
S e w in s l e e v e --------------------------------Tn ^^n t -,ro
S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h (a ll
w ome n ) (a ll i n c e n t i v e
rlcf* t s ^ .. .
.
.......
S h a p e r s , e d g e a nd b o t t o m , hand
(4 m e n , 2 w o m e n ) V ---------------------S h a p e r s , u n d e r c o l l a r , hand
(4 m e n , 2 w o m e n )3 /---------------------b
T ai l o r ®
al] a mnnH
M e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s ( a l l women)f_b/------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ___________________
M e n 3 .............................................
a/

14

$3. 30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

1

4

2

1

-

2

2

-

_

_

_

_

_

34
30

2. 49
2 . 47

2
2

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

4
4

2
2

5
3

-

9
9

3

2

-

2
2

2
2

1
_

2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

10

2. 96
2 . 55
2.53

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

_

2

_

1
1

-

_

1
1
1

2

_

2
1
1

2

.

2
2

-

_

5
5

-

L5
14

11

2 . 61

4

3

3
3
3

1
1
1

11
18

2.75
2. 82

6
_

_

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

_

3.71

-

-

3.51
3.00
3. 07

-

12
10

2.90

2
0

2. 95

6
6
21
18

1
1

-

_

1
2

3 . 10

1

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

1
1
1

3

2

6

2

1

3

~

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

3

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

_

3

1
2
2

-

2

2

4

-

-

4
-

-

3

1

-

2
2

-

1
1

8
4

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

2

_

30
31
28

2.21

74
67

2. 45
2. 48
2. 49

6
6
6

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

16

2. 4 1

4

-

-

-

3.77
3. 81

1
1
1

1

1
1

1
"

1
1

4

1
1

1

1

_
4
-

-

5

1
6
6

5

5

1

1
1

2
2

4
4

3
3

2
2

-

2
2

2

4
4

-

8
7
7

6
6
6

1
1
1

10
10
10

2
2
2

_
-

2
2
2

_
_

1
1
1

_
_
_

2

1

-

-

2

-

1

-

4

T r o u s e r fa br ic ation
Sew ing-m achine operators 5
------------W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M a k e p o c k e t s ( a ll w o me n )
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) --------------

-

3
3
3

3
3
3

11
6

7

8
6
6

-

1

3

"

2

1
1

1
1

8
3
3

4

3
3

13
13
13

-

Miscellaneous
J a n i t o r s ( a l l men)
r'

1

o r m Ant-Q

° C M e n ( ' i l l ^ t i m ° " ' ^ T “ 'r °)
-l!'
S t o c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s --------------iVLen [a.a u n i c w o r K e r dj . . . . . . . . .
W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s (6 w o m e n ,
men

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

15
30
26

12
11
11

2.21
2. 43
2 . 41
2.53
2 . 55

2.10

-

2

-

-

1
1
1
1

-

1
1
1
2
2
1

1

5
5

1

3

4
2
2

3

1

2

6
4

5
5

2

2

1
1

3
3

1
l

T h e C i n c i n n a t i S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of C l e r m o n t , H a m i l t o n , and W a r r e n C o u n t i e s , Ohi o; B o o n e , C a m p b e l l , and K e n t o n C o u n t i e s , K y . ; and D e a r b o r n C o u n t y ,
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y for o v e r t i m e and for w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e t h od of w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
W o rk e r s w e r e dis tr ibu ted as follows:
2 a t $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0; 3 at $ 5 . 6 0 to $ 5 . 8 0 ; 4 a t $ 5 . 8 0 to $6; and 4 a t $6 and o v e r .
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a dd i t i o n to t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $5. 40 to $5. 60.
W o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r t i m e and i n c e n t i v e s y s t e m s w e r e d i v i d e d e q ua l l y.
W o rk e rs w e r e dis tr ibu ted as fo llows:
2 at $ 5 . 4 0 to $ 5 . 6 0 and 2 a t $ 5 .6 0 to $ 5 . 8 0 .




Ind.

T a b le 13.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s : K e n t u c k y — All s h o p s

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 19 70 )
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

Aver-

of
ho urly
w o r k - ea rni n gs 1
er s

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.70

$1.80

$1.90

$2. 00

$1.6 0

$1.6 5
-

-

-

-

-

$1.6 5

$1.70

$ 1 .8 0

$1.9 0

$2. 00

$2. 10

$ 2 . 1 0 $2. 20 $ 2. 3 0 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2 . 50 $ 2. 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 2. 9 0 $ 3 .00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3. 60 $ 3 .8 0 $4. 00 $ 4. 20 $4. 40
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

-

$ 2 . 2 0 $2. 30 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2. 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 2. 90 $ 3 .00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3. 3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3. 6 0 $3. 80 $4. 00 $4. 20 $ 4. 40

over

4,590
3,9 25
665

$2.41
2. 34
2.85

350
2 330
20

70
60
10

239
205
34

243
213
30

274
256
18

381
358
23

362
341
21

278
255
23

2 57
242
15

402
342
60

272
225
47

230
21 5
15

216
184
32

149
130
19

136
109
27

133
108
25

84
68
16

112
70
42

72
48
24

56
34
22

58
33
25

67
47
20

60
35
25

55
8
47

12
3
9

c l o t h ( a ll m e n ) __________
T i m e ___________________
C u t t e r s , l i n i n g ( a ll m e n ) __________
T i m e ____________________
M a r k e r s 4 _______________________
M e n 4 ______________________
S p r e a d e r s -------------------------------------------W o m e n 5 b / ________________

31
16
14
7
22
12
38
14

3. 30
3. 01
3. 81
3.15
2 . 91
3.18
2. 2 1
2.51

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
_

_
-

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

10
1
9

1
3
2
1

3
4
2
2

-

10
9
3
3
4
2
-

2
2
2
2
4
4
-

1
1
1
-

3
-

3
-

2
2
-

2
_
_
_
-

1
_

2
1
1

_
-

_

-

2
1
1

1
_
-

1
-

1
2
2
3
3

2
-

34
_
_
_
-

T i m e ____________________

7

1. 85

1

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

2.37

2

-

-

-

-

2

11

2.43

-

-

2

-

1

1

-

14

1 . 97

2

-

2

2

2

-

274
83
54
67
36
38
12
26
17
12
215

2. 35
2.26
2 . 41
2. 28
2.03
2.18
2.09
2. 23
3.03
2.84
3.02

23
2
1
1
4
_

10

4
1

4
2
2
1

6
3
3
1

10
10
3
5
5
1
1
5

5
10
7
17
15
2
2
5

148
67
61

2.69
3. 76
3.88

1
-

1
-

1
-

5
-

1,6 98
41
1,657

2.40
1 . 72
2. 42

130
27
103

12
12

68
4
64

39

2.46

1

-

44

2. 39

4

99

2. 48

41

42

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s --------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------M e n __________________________

22
6
16

S e l e c t e d pro duction oc cupa tio ns
Cutting
Cutters,

1
2
2
3
3

1
1

-

2
1
1
1

1

-

’

-

1

3

2

1

3

3

-

-

1

1

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37
4
1
5
1
1
1
6

33
6
1
2
2
9
6
3
1
1
9

19
7
4
1
2
2
11

18
7
6
1
1
1
1
1
8

27
7
7
10
8
4

14
8
8
4
1
1
11

15

2
2
2
1
1
10

13
3
3
1
3
3
1
1
8

7
4
4
1
1
1
1
1
7

9
1
1
1
1
7

4
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
8

2
1
-

-

4
1
1
2
-

1
1
-

3
-

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
14

11
2
1
6
1
1
1
1
15

2
2
10

1
1
9

5
13

6

6

8

31

3

2

5
-

6
-

9
-

11
-

6
2
-

14
-

13
2
-

11
-

9
1
1

6
2
-

7
-

7
-

3
5
5

9
1
1

6
3
3

3
10
10

5
1
1

6
-

4
4
4

31
31

3

3

2
2

78
4
74

79
2
77

162
162

140
2
138

1 19
1 19

122
122

138
2
136

105
105

112
112

93
93

59
59

49
49

57
57

30
30

30
30

28
28

19
19

20
20

19
19

14
14

7
7

3
3

5
5

3

2

2

3

3

2

4

1

4

4

1

1

1

1

2

2

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

1

2

1

4

3

4

4

1

-

3

1

6

1

3

1

1

3

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

5

2

12

10

8

8

2

11

6

7

7

3

2

-

1

1

-

2

3

-

-

3

-

2. 44

3

1

3

-

1

4

3

5

1

5

1

3

5

-

1

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

2. 59

2

~

~

2

1

3

5

1

5

2

2

3

2

3

1

2

2

2

2

1

1
3
1
2

2
3
3

3
1
2

1

C o at fa brication
B a s t e r s , a r m h o l e , ha nd
( a ll w o m e n ) ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )_______________________
B u t t o n s e w e r s , ha nd
(a ll w o m e n ) 5 b / ------------------------------C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a nd (a ll
w o m e n ) (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) —
F i n i s h e r s , h a nd ( a ll w o m e n )
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) __________
F i t t e r s (82 w o m e n , 1 m a n ) -------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ( a ll w o m e n ) --------T i m e ____________________
P a i r e r s and t u r n e r s (a ll w o m e n ) . . .
T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ________________
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , h a n d ------------------W o m e n 5 b / _________________
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -------------W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) --------------------------------M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
Sew ing-m achine operators
( 1 , 6 9 5 w o m e n , 3 m e n ) 6 -------------T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
B a s t e e d g e s (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )-------------------------------------Baste, ju m p -stitch machine,
a r m h o l e (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )____________________
B aste, ju m p -stitch machine,
c an vas (all incen tive
w o r k e r s )____________________
Baste, ju m p -stitch machine,
f a c i n g s (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )____________________
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m achine,
l i n i n g s and y o k e s
( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .




5
-

5
5

3

3
3

3

1
"

"

“

"

T a b l e 13.

O c c u p a tio n a l e arn ing s:

K e n t u c k y — A ll s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 19 70)
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

N um l j e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Aver-

hourly
of
w ork- earnmgs 1

$1.60

$1.65

u nd er
$1.6 5 $1.7 0

$ 1.70

$ 1 .8 0

-

-

$ 1 .8 0

$1.90

$ 1. 9 0 $ 2. 00
-

$ 2 . 1 0 $2. 20 "$7.30 $2. 40 $ 2. 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 2. 90 $3. 00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 ■ $7740 $ 3 . 50
$ 3. 60 T O O

-

-

$2.00 $ 2 . 1 0

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$4. 00 $ 4. 20 $ 4. 40
-

-

and

$2. 20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40 $ 2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $2. 80 $ 2. 90 $3. 00 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3. 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3. 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3. 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4. 00
$4. 20 $4. 40

over

S e l e c t e d production oc cupa tio ns —
Continued
Co at fabricat ion— Continue d
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 6—
Continued
Bo ok ed ges (all incen tive
w o r k e r s )____________________
B ut t o n s e w i n g (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) __________ _____ ____
B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g 5 b / _________
C o l l a r p r ep ar in g , ex c e pt
p i e c i n g or p a d di n g
fall in c entive w o r k e r s ) _ .
C o l l a r s e t t i n g 5 b / ____________
F a c i n g t a c k i n g (a ll i n c e n t i v e

_

_

_

1

_

_

1
_

2
_

_
_

1
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_

2
1

1
1

1
_

_

_

_

1

_

_

1

_

_

1

_

$ 2. 3 8

2

2

1

1

-

2

3

1

1

2

-

3

3

1

_

1

17
36

2.7 1
2. 38

1
1

-

-

1
1

4

1

1
5

1
3

1
4

3
4

5

1
1

1
3

1

1
-

_
1

1
_

1
2

28
66

2. 68
2. 49

5

-

1
-

1

2

2
6

3
5

4
4

1
7

2
6

1
2

2
9

1
5

1
1

2
2

2
4

1
1

1
2

17
F e l l b o d y l i n i n g , b o t t o m and
s i d e (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w orkers) _
_
_ __ _______
J o i n s h o u l d e r , c l o t h (a ll
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) __________
J o i n s i d e s e a m s ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )____________________
Join u n d e r c o l l a r , join s l e e v e
l i n i n g , or p i e c e p o c k e t s ---------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------L i n i n g m a k e r , b o d y 5 b / _______
P a d c o l l a r and l a p e l s
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ____ _
P o c k e t s e t t i n g and t a c k i n g
_
_
I n c e n t i v e ------------_ ____
_
S e w d a r t s , c l o t h 5 b / ________
_
_
S e w e d g e t a p e (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _____ __________
S e w in s l e e v e (al l i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) . ------------------------------- -S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h 5 b / _______
T a p e a r m h o l e s (al l i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ____ ___ _ _
_ ____
S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m , hand

26

2. 30

1

1

2

3

5

45

2. 50

1

-

-

4

1

3

3

4

4

6

2

1

2

_

1

24

2. 23

2

1

2

2

1

2

4

-

4

_

_

33

2. 40

1

-

3

2

3

6

1

1

4
2
2

6
6
7

8
8
7

11
11
8

8
8
3

4
8
8
3

4
21
21
2

3
11
11
1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

4

4

1

2

1

1

-

-

1

1

1

_

1

4

3

2

-

-

1

-

1

1

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

1

9
9
5

18
18
3

10
10
9

7
7
1

6
6
6

4
4
1

4
4
1

5
5
6

1

1
1
2

1
1
3

3
3
1

1
1

_
_

_
_

1

1

1
1
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

1
10
10
6

4
9
9
1

1
10
10
3

7
7
1

1
9
9
-

1
5
5
1

2
4
4
-

1
3
3
2

1
3
3
1

5
5
1

1
1
1
-

_
_
_

_
2
2
_

_

1
1
1
1

_
_
_
_

_

1
1
1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

2.37
2. 42
2. 40

12
7
5

-

31
144
136
30

2. 28
2. 25
2. 29
2. 34

4
17
9
3

-

1
10
10
2

1
7
7
1

55

2.47

3

1

3

2

1

6

4

2

2

10

2

3

4

1

3

4

-

-

-

_

_

2

1

1

_

_

71
96

2 . 41
2.37

4
5

1
-

8

1
8

5
3

19
8

2
7

4
6

2
5

5
11

5
6

1
4

5
6

2
4

6
1

3

3

2
1

5
5

1
1

_
-

_
1

_
_

1
_

_
_

_
_

28

2. 50

2

-

-

1

-

7

-

2

3

1

1

2

4

-

-

1

.

_

-

1

_

1

2

_

_

_

30
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s (a ll w o m e n ) 5 b / -----------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s . — -------------------------_
W o m e n _ ________ _ ____ _
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n _______ . —
-------------Inc en tiv e. —
--- -----------------

1 21
114
78

2
2
5

2. 44

6

3

5

1

5

2

3

2

2

98
199
17 2
159
27
18

2. 30
2 . 61
2.47
2 . 52
3. 50
3. 42

11
16
14
14
2
2

5
11
11
11
-

7
7
7
7
-

7
20
20
20
-

4
17
17
17
-

2
5
5
5
-

2
4
4
4
-

1
1
1
1
-

_

_

_

_

3
3
3
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
1
1
7
5

_
_

-

7
2
2
5
5

2
1
1
1

-

3
8
7
7
1
1

2
1
1
1

-

2
12
9
9
3
3

2
5
4
4
1

-

5
12
10
10
2
2

6
5
3
3
2

1
1
1
1
-

1
8
8
5
-

3
11
11
7
-

9
8
8
4
-

14
13
13
11
-

13
11
11
11
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

_
2
_
_
2
-

T r o u s e r fa br ic ation
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l (a ll wome n)^_ b/—
P r e s s e r s , finish (all in centive
w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------------------M e n _______________________
Sew ing-m achine operators
(366 w o m e n , 3 m e n ) 6--------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------- . _
A t t a c h f l y (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )____________________

S ee footnotes




a t e n d of t a b l e .

10

2.09

1

-

2

-

3

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

33
22

2. 43
2. 3 5

2
2

-

1
1

-

2

8

2

2

2

7

1

-

-

2

2

4
2

2

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
-

2
1

-

-

1
-

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

-

369
35 1

2.22

8
8

33

19
19

32
32

27
27

16
16

18
18

12
12

12
12

5
5

7
7

5
5

1
1

3

4

2
2

6

9

12
12

4

22

22
22

9

21

23
19

24

2. 24

67
67

6

3

1
1

_
_

1
1

22

2.47

4

“

1

1

1

1

“

1

2

1

3

“

1

"

1

"

2

"

"

"

"

2

1

"

"

"

T a b le 13.

O c c u p a tio n a l earn ing s:

K e n t u c k y — All s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d

( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in mi

Num­
ber
of
work­
ers

O c c u p a t i o n an d s e x

Average
$ 1. 60 $1.65
hourly
an d
earn­
under
ing s 12
4
3
$1. 65 $1 .7 0

's a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 19 70)

N u m b e r of w o r k e :rs r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.70 $ 1 . 8 0

$ 1 .9 0

$ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2. 60 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $3. 20 "$3.30 $ 3 . 4 0 $3 . 5 0 J J M f O o '$4.00 '$4720 $4. 40

$1.80 $ 1 . 9 0

$ 2.00

and
$ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $2 .5 0 $ 2. 60 $ 2. 70 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $3. 3 0 $ 3. 40 $ 3 .5 0 $3 .6 0 $3. 80 $4. 00 $4. 20 $4.40 ove r

Selected production occupations—
Continued
T r o u s e r fa b ric a tio n — Continued
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 6—
C o n t in u e d
A t t a c h w a i s t b a n d (all
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _____________
______
A t t a c h z i p p e r s 5 b / ___
B a r t a c k i n g (all i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ___________ _ _______
J o i n i n s e a m s 5 b / ______ . ______
J o i n out s e a m s s b / ______________
J o i n s e a t s e a m s (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )________________________
M a k e p o c k e t s (all i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _______ ______________
P i e c i n g fly s (all i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ___________________ __
P i e c i n g p o c k e t s 5 b / _________ ___
S e r g i n g 5 b / ___ ______ ___________
Sew on w a i s t b a n d l in i n g (all
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _____ _____ _
S t i t c h p o c k e t s 5 b / _____ ________
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s an d b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s (a ll w o m e n ) 5 b / _________
U n d e r p r e s s e r s 5 b / _________ ______
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w orkers).
_
Men 5h / _

24
9

$2 .35
2.15

17
14
21

1
1

1

1

1

-

3

-

2.37

1

-

1

2

2.20
2.22

3

1

-

5

-

2
1

-

4
1

3
-

4

_

1

1

_

_
_

_

2

1

2

3

_
_

1

1

4

_

1

2

3

2

1

1

-

3

3
_
_

1

2

3

_

5

1

2

5

1

2.29

1

1

2.40

4

1

3

2

16
21

2.14

1

2.21

7
5

_
.

3

1

28

2.12

8

-

2

1

-

6

2.30
2.43

4

_

29

2

_
3

_
_

2

17
26

2.01
2.21

3
2

-

3

2

1

-

17
9

2.09
2.43

2

1

_

33

3.40

-

-

-

-

-

_

47
34
25

1.89

5

3

21

1

4

1

2.22

3

2

5

5

2.35

3

2
2

2

2

1
2
1

2

2

3

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2

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1

_
_

_

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1

1

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1

1

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2

2

2

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3

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_

_

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1

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_

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2

4

4

1

3

3

1

5
-

9

1

2

1

39

_

_

1

1

_

1

_

1

1

1
1

1

1

1

3

5

2
2

2

4

3

3

1

_
_

_

5

2

2

2
2

1

_

_

_

3

2

_

_

_

_

.

1

_

1

6

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

1

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1
12
12

_

_

6

1

3

_

_

1

2

1

4

1
_
_

1

_

_

1

1
1

Mi s c e l l a n e o u s
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) (all m e n )
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ________________
J a n i t o r s (46 m e n , 1 w o m a n )
(all t i m e w o r k e r s ) ________ ______
Packers 5a/
Men 5 a /

...
.......

.

.

S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s (36 m e n ,
3 w o m e n ) . . _______________________
T i m e _______________________
St o c k c l e r k s , p i e c e go o ds
fall m e n ) fa ll t i m e w o r k e r s )
W ork d i s t r ib u t o r s
(a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) __________
__
W o m e n _______ _____________

2.33

3

3
3

39
32

3

2
2

3

2
2

2
2

3

2
2

3

2.20

_

3
3

14

2 .2 2

1

1

1

1

-

1

1

_

_

40
15

2,15
1.98

5

4

1

2

2

2
2

'

3

3

3

5
5

"

2

1

12

1
1

4
4

1
1

4

3

_

_
_

_

_

1

1

1
1

6

1
_

5

_

_

-

_

4

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f or w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s 1 w o r k e r u n d e r $ 1.60;
W o r k e r s w e r e dis tr ibu ted as follows:
2 at $ 4 . 8 0 to $ 5 , and 2 at $ 5 t o $ 5 . 2 0 .
W o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r t i m e and i n c e n t i v e s y s t e m s w e r e e q u al l y d i v i d e d .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a ta t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s ,
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a dd it io n to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .




2

1

,

'

1
2
3
4

4

l
l

22

~

3

or

(b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .

_

2

_

_

_

T a b l e 1 4 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :

L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif.1— A ll s h o p s

(N um ber and a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t - ti m e h o urly e arnings
NumO ccupation and sex

of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s u i t an d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)

Aver-

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a rn i n g s 5 of---

$1 .65 $1.70
hourly
earn.
7 under
mgs
$1 .70 $1.75

of
ex s

All p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s -------------------W o m e n ____________________ ______
M e n ----------------------------------------------

2

$1.80

$1.85

$1 .9 0 $1.95 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2 .40 $2 .50 $2.60 $2.80 $3 .00 $3. 20 $3.40 $3. 60 $3. 80 $4.00 $4. 20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00

$1 .80

$1.85

$1.90

$1 .95 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2 .30 $2 .40 $2.50 $ 2 . 6 0 $2.80 $3.00 $3 .20 $3. 40 $3.60 $3. 80 $4. 00 $4.20 $4. 40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 o v e r

an d

1,330
819
511

$ 3. 13
2.85
3.57

9
7

3.65
3.6b

41
28

4.30
4 .0 9

"

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

"

17
16
23
9
14
13

3.37
3.42
3.35
3.43
3.30
3.37

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

2.73
2.81

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3

12

18

3.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23

3.30
3.27
3.08
3.09

3
3

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
5
4

7
7
-

22

10

21
1

9

26
25

1

1

61
44
17

33
28
5

60
52
8

32
23
9

42
35
7

58
43
15

112

74
38

123
98
25

95
51
44

89
37
52

72
15
57

29
14
15

30

64

17

18

8
22

8

6

56

11

8
10

4
4

_

1
1

_

_

.

_

-

2

31
327
4

13
13
-

$1.75

2
2

2
2

4
4

1
1

■
4

1
1

27
14

-

-

2

121

68

88

75
46

43
25

50
38

Selected production occupations
C u t ti n g
C u t t e r s , l i n i n g ---------------------------------C u t t e r s a n d m a r k e r s , c lo t h
(a l l m e n ) ----------------------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------

4
-

-

l

1

6

2

1

1
1

6
6

2
2

4
4
4

5
4
4

2
2

-

-

Coat fab rication
i l l !
W o m e n -----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ___________________
B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , h a n d -----W o m e n 4 b / ------------------------------M e n ----------------------------------------i n c e n t i v e -— -—----------- -— --B u t to n s e w e r s , ha n d
(a ll w o m e n ) ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e __________________
Buttonhole m a k e r s , hand
( al l w o m e n ) 4 b / ------------------------------C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d (14 w o m e n ,
9 m e n ) ................................................... ........
I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------F i n i s h e r s , h a n d (all w o m e n ) ----------I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------F i t t e r s ______________________________
W o m e n 4 a / ____________________
I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l (a ll w o m e n ) --------P r e s s e r s , finish, hand
(a ll m e n ) ----------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e __________________
P r e s s e r s , i i n i s n , m a c m n e -------------

21

65
64
23
20
10

Q
7

52
51
22
2 1

I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5 -----------W o m e n -----------------------------------T i m e _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ---------------------------M e n ___________________________
T i m e _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------B a s t e e d g e s (a ll wo m en )
^aii i n c e n t i v e w o r K e r s ) ——-— —
B aste, jum p -stitch m achine ,

17
387
303
23
280
84
10

74

2.68
2.61

2.04
2.00

4 .0 9
4 .1 0
3.62
3.68
3.90
3.13
3.02
2.47
3.07
3.50
3.42
3.51

S ee footnotes




at end of tab le.

2
2

1
1

4
3

1
1

1
1

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

1

-

-

1

1
1

4
4

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

1

-

3

1

2

5

1

2

2

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

1
1

2

1

2

1
1

4
4

4
4

1
1

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

3
3
-

-

1
1
1

2

2
6
6

5
5
5
5

1

1

3
3
7
7
-

2
2

1

3
3
13
13
4
3

2

1
2
2

3

2

1
2
2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

24
24

3
3

2

13
13
3
3
-

1
1

1

3
3
3
1

-

-

5
5
_
6
6

_
36

-

_
_
_
_
-

_
3
3
_
3
-

_
5
5
1

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
6
6
1

5
-

_
3
3
3
-

_

_

_

_

_
10
8

11

22

12

12

11

21

1 1

11

-

6

3

3

-

11

15

-

1

8
1

8
1

8
2

-

-

-

1

1

1

1
1

_
15

_

1

10

_
39
32

_
34
30

1

2

31
7

11
1

9

10

8

32
24
24

4
-

1

8

-

-

1

28
4
-

4

1

8

6

4

-

_

3.41
3.88

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

.

3
3
3
27
14

_

-

2
12

13
13

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2
1

1
1

1

-

2

1
1

-

27
16
16

1

11

_
29
24
24
5
3

6
6
22
20
2

18
2

19
18
4
4
4
15
9
9

-

2

2

5

2

4
7

6
1

1

1

2

-

-

1
1

2
2
1

-

-

3
1
1

-

1

_
11

1

3
3

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

1

1

1

1

-

1

1

9
3
3

8

-

9
5
5
4
-

10

8

3
3

4

2

6

5
5
3
3

-

8

-

-

1

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

62
2

6

8

8
2

2

2

3
-

6

l

1

2

_

1
1

-

-

1
1

4
4

11

2
2

1

1
1

-

3.57

17

-

2

2
2

1
1

3.52
3.38
3,48

7

-

1

1
1
2
1

-

8

6

-

1

1 1

W o m e n -----------------------------------i n c e n t i v e ---------------------------B aste, ju m p -stitch m achine,
l in i n g s a n d y o k e s ---------------------Women (all incentive work ers) —

_
3
3
-

1

-

1

1
1

-

1

T a b le 14. O c c u p a tio n a l earn ing s: Los A n g e le s —Long B e a c h , C a lif.1— A ll sh o p s— C o n tin u e d
( N u m b e r a nd a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s u i t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)

O ccupation and s e x

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

Average
$1.65 $1.70
hourly
and
earn­
under
in gs 2
$1.70 $1.75

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y earni ng *s of—
$1.75

$1.80

$1.85

$1.90 $1.95 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2 .50 $2.60 $2.80 $3 .00 $3.20 |$3.40 $3. 60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00

$1.80

$1.85

$1.90

$1.95 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2 .30 $2.40 $2 .50 $ 2 . 6 0 $2.80 $3.00 $3. 20 $3. J $3. 60 $3. 80 $4. 00 $4. 20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 o v e r

and

Selected production occupations—
C ontinued
C oat f a b r ic a tio n — C ontinued
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5—
Continued
C o l l a r s e t t i n g -----------------------------W o m e n (a l l i n c e n t i v e

7

$3.35

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

4

_

_

_

_

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

i

l

3.06
F a c i n g t a c k i n g (a l l w om en )
7

2.39

8

3.87

2

7
7

3.77
3.35
3.09

l

1

1

1

1

1

2

F e l l bo dy l i n i n g , b o t t o m
l

l

l

l
l
l

W o m e n (a l l i n c e n t i v e
6

J o i n s i d e s e a m s (a ll w om e n )
/al l i n r p n f u r p vt/nrlrpr
Join u n d e r c o l la r , join sle e v e
l i n i n g , o r p i e c e p o c k e t s _______
W o m e n 4 b / ____________________
L i n in g m a k e r , b o d y _____________
W o m e n ________________________
I n c e n t i v e ___________________
P a d c o l l a r a n d l a p e l s ___________
W o m e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e - __________________
P o c k e t s e t t i n g a n d t a c k i n g ______
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ____________________
M e n ___________________________
In r pnt ivp
Sew d a r t s , c lo t h ( 6 w o m e n , 1
m a n ) (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) __
Sew e d g e t a p e (5 m e n ,
4 w om e n ) ( al l i n c e n t i v e
\x/nrkpr ........
Sew in s l e e v e ------------------------------W o m e n (all i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ____________________
M e n 4 b / .............. .................................
S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h ____________
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ____________________
S h a p e r s , e dg e a n d b o t t o m ,
c l i c k e r m a c h i n e (5 m e n ,
1 w o m a n ) 4 b/-----------------------------------T a i l o r s , a l l a r o u n d (a ll m e n ) ______
T i m e _______________________
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and basting
p u l l e r s (a l l w o m e n ) 4 b / ____________
U n d e r p r e s s e r s ______________________
M e n ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e ___________________

S ee footnotes




a t end of ta b le .

9

2.65

3
3

3.27

25
24
30
25
24
14
13
11

46

2

3

2.66

-

2.97
2.93
2.95

2
2
2

2.86

1
1
1

2.74
2.69
3.31

_
-

-

1

2

1
1
1
1
1

_

_
_
_
_

2

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

1
1
1

3

_

1

1

_

2

1

3
_

_
_

1

1

_

_

_
_

3
3
_
_
-

_
_
.
-

_

3
3

1

_
_

_
_
_
_

1
1
1

1
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

1
1

1
1

3
2
1

4
4
3
1
1

3
3
3
5

10

3.34
3.22
3.14

-

7

2.83

-

-

-

-

1

_

1

1

_

_

1

_

_

1

9
19

4.33
3.39

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

1

1

_

1

3.17
3.55
3.42

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
_
-

1

_
_
_

1

-

_
.
-

_

-

_
_
-

_

16

_
_
-

_
_

12

3.19

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

_

6

3.87
3.14
3.09

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

44
42

_

-

_
_

31
48
45
35

2.62
3.85
3.92
3.95

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_
-

34
12

8
11

1

1
1

1

_

l

-

-

6
1
1
1

1

-

4

5
5
5
5
5
3
3
3
3

1

_

1

_

_

1
1
1

_

8

4

3

4

1

1

1

2

1

1
2

1
2
1

2
1

5
5
5
3
3

2
2

1

4

2

1

l

6
8

_

_

1

3

l

_
_
_
_
_
_

1

1
1

_

1

_

_

_

_

1

3

1

1

2

1

_
3

_

1

_

1

_

3

_

4

_
_
_

_

1
1

3

_

1

1
2

_
_

3

1

1

_
_

_
2

1

_
_
3

_

_

_

_

2

1

3

-

_

_
_
_

_
19
19

_

2

1

9
9

_
4
4

_

1
1

_
_
_

1

1

1
1

2
2

4
4

_
_

2

1
1
1

4
_
_

_
3

4
4

_

3

4
3

6

_
3
3

3

3

1

_
_
_

_
_

1

6

5

3

2
2

3
2

3

6

2

2

1

_

2

1

2

_

_
_

_

_

1

2

_

1

3

_

_

_

_
_
_
_
_
_

1

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

1

_

_
-

_

_

3
_

2

_
3

_

_
_
_

4
_

2
2

_
_
_

1

2
2

2

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
3
3
3
_

3

1

3
_

2

'

_
_
.
_

_

_

2

I

1

_

_
1

1
1

1

_

_

_
.

_

_

_

_

_

.
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

1

_

_
_

_

1

_
4

4

_
7

_
3

_
3

4
3

4
3

7
7

3
2

3
2

1

.
1
1
1

T a b le 14. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings:

L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . 1— A ll s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d

(N um ber and a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e hourly ea rnings

1
2
3
*
6

2

o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)

T h e L o s A n g e le s - L o n g B e a c h S t a n d a r d M e tro p o l i t a n S ta t is t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of L o s A n g e le s C ounty.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
In c lu d e s 3 w o r k e r s a t $ 1 .6 0 to $ 1 .6 5 .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a t a t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e t h o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s ,
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $5 t o $ 5 . 2 0 .

T a b l e 15. O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn ing s :

Num-

of
w orker s

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------

2

of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

A verage
$ 1 .6 0
hourly
ings

1 4 ,4 1 2 $3 .3 1
6 , 798
2 .8 2
7 ,6 1 4 3.7 4

(b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y

in cen tiv e w o r k e rs .

N e w Y o r k , N . Y . 1 All s h o p s
—

(N u m b e r and a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s

O ccupation and sex

or

2

A p r i l 1970)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g ! 3 Of--- -

$ 1 .65

$ 1 .70

1 1 .75

$1 .8 0 T L 9 0 ^ T T o T $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .00 $3.20 $3.4 0 $3.6 0 $3.8 0 $4.0 0 $4.4 0 $4.8 0 $5.20 $5.60 $ 6 . 0 0

$ 1 .6 5

$ 1 .7 0

$1.75

$1 .8 0

$1 .9 0

230
177
53

59
49

86

10

8

185
127
58

231
156
75

and

under

$2.00

$ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3 .20 $3.4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4.0 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .8 0 $5.20 $5.60 $ 6 . 0 0 o v e r
599
421
178

470
336
134

493
351
142

417
280
137

325
277
48

732
517
215

558
365
193

584
427
157

1039
640
399

1103
571
532

925
406
519

845
335
510

2
2

801
185
616

1729
321
1408

787
116
671

440

194
191
3
31
29

62

29

21

41
23

2

225
197
28

895
344
551

7
7

78

233
27
206

154

10

10
-

-

19
4

10
2

8
8

-

-

-

23

4

2

3
5

37
17
rQ
18
4

6

2

10

6

2

10

4

4

-

-

-

"

66

374

174
20

247
9
238

S elected p roduction occupations
C utting
C u tters,

c l o t h ( a l l m e n ) -------------------T i m e -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------C u t t e r s , l i n i n g ( a l l m e n ) ------------------l i m e , ________________________
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------C u tte rs and m a r k e r s , cloth
( a l l m e n ) ---------------------------------------------

I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------M a r k e r s ( a l l m e n ) -----------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------S p r e a d e r s ( a l l ' m e n ) --------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------See f o o tn o te s




a t en d of t a b le .

381
260
121

95
59
36
342
260
82
63
37
20

18

4 .5 7
4 .1 8
5.41
4 .5 2
4 .2 5
4 .9 6
4 .5 3

-

6 .0 2

-

-

5.26
5.2 6
4 .0 2
3.82

-

-

-

35
35

33
29
4
24
24

-

-

-

156
152
4
33
27
8

-

"

"

8

8

“

10
10

48
44
4
2

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

8

"

"

36

8

2

3

36
3
3
-

38
4
5

38
16
10

-

"

T a b le 15.

O c c u p a t io n a l earnings: N e w Y o r k , N . Y . 1 A ll s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
—

(N u m b er and a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h o urly ea rnings
Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

O ccupation and sex

2

of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)

A verage
'$ 1760" $ 1 . 6 5
hourly
and
earn­
under
ings 2
$1.65 $1.70

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.70

$1.75 T l . 8 0

$1.90

$ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.3 0 $2.4 0 $2.5 0 $2.6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $3.0 0

$ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 "$4740 J 4 ~ 8 0 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5 . 6 0 $ 6 . 0 0

$1.75

$1.80

$1.90

$2 .00

$ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20

$ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4. 4 0; $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5 . 6 0 $ 6 . 0 0

and
over

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s ---C ontinued

Coat fa b rica tio n
B a s t e r s , a r m h o l e , h a n d ____________
W o m e n __________________________
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------M e n ______________________________
T i m e -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ____________________
B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , h a n d ___
W o m e n (all i n c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ------ --------------------------M e n __________ ___________ ___
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
B u t t o n s e w e r s , h a n d _______________
W o m e n ---------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _____________________
B o t t o n h o l e m a k e r s , h a n d ___________
tV o m e n _____ _____________________
T i m e _________________________
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
M en (a ll in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) _
C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d _________________
W o m e n - _________ ___________
I n c e n t i v e ______ __ ____________
M e n _________________________ ___
I n c e n t i v e - _________ ___ ______
F i n i s h e r s , h a n d _______________ ___ _
W o m e n ___________ ____ _________
T i m e __________________________
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------M en .
I n c e n t i v e ___ _______________
F i t t e r s _________________________________
M e n -------------------- -----------------------T i m e __________________________
Tn r p n ti v p




101

165
52
113
101

139
135
50
85
148
141
8

133
7
147
47
44
100

76
1, 320
1,313
97
1,216
7
6

154
153
42
11 1

I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e - _________ ___ —
M e n ______________________________
T i m e -----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------P a i r e r s a n d t u r n e r s __________________
W o m e n __________________________
T i m e _____________________ __
I n c e n t i v e __________________ _
M e n -----------------------------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ____________________
P r e s s e r s . finish, hand .
M e n ........... . ............
T i m e _________________ ______
I n c e n t i v e ____________________

See footnotes at end

189
75
62
114
13

of t a b l e .

184
96
55
41
88
68
20

176
83
35
48
93
38
55
370
36 4
57
307

$3.76
3.38
3.61
4.01
3.74
4.04
3.79

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

4

-

3 .4 0
3 .9 7
4.06

-

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

6
6
2

2
2
2

5
5
3

~
4
4
4
65
65
6
59

-

-

2

2.86
2.86

2.48
3 .0 8
3. 30
3.22
2.42
3 .27
4.85
3 .36
2.71
2.6 8

3.67
3 .89
2 .5 3
2 .5 2
2 .1 8
2 .5 5
3.31
3.44
4.65
4.66
4.17
4.85
2 .8 3
2.61

2.50
2.76
3 .0 6
3.02
3.1 7
2.99
2 .4 5
2 .02

2 .7 6
3.48
3. 35
3. 57
4.09
4.10
3 .6 3
4.19

2

2
2

2

2

-

6

25
25
4

_
_
23
23
7

14

21

16

53
53
4
49

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

2

_

.
4
4
2
2

20
20

4

2

2
2

-

5
5
3

4
4
2

2
2
6
6
6

2

2

2
2

1

1

2

2

2

i

2

-

-

1

1
1

2

2

-

4
4
4
-

81
81

2
2
2

41
41
4
37

66
66
12

1

1
1

91
88

12

8

54

69

_
-

-

_
-

80
3
3
-

10

2

2
2

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
6
2
2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

2

6
6
6

6
6

2

2
2

10
10

6
1
1

-

4

2
_

9

-

2
2
-

-

-

2
-

2
-

i
..

2

~
-

2
2
2

-

2
2

-

3
5

-

2
2

-

2
2

6
6

-

4
3

-

3
_

2

10
10
8

_
3
3
3
_
4
4
4
76
76
5
71

-

2

5
5
_
5
_
7
7
7
77
77
3
74

3
3

3

3

-

2

2
-

2

1
1

2

1

12

6

3

2
2

4

6

2

29
29
Q

8
8

4
13
13
5

6
6
2

14
14

8

10

10

3

16

32
32

13
13

11

7
9
9

_

32
_

13
_

11

9

4
4

20

-

2

4
4
7
7
_
7
_

8

6

8

4
_
4

6
2
2

8
2
2

8
2
2

4
-

6

6
2

_
8

210

209
7
202
1

16
12

_
7

5
2

6

6

4
72
72
3
69

7
7

64

18

11

10

12

8
2

6
6
6

9
5
4

23
9

_
-

4
2
2
11
2

2

7
14

2

10

2

_

4
17
7

1
2

9
4
5

2

4
5
3
2
2
-

8
6
2

4

7

2
2
_

10
6

2
2

2

2

2

4
3
3

2

2

2

3

2

2

11

1

4
142
142
_
142

1

2

32

3

12
10
10

11

14

9
_
9

7
7
4
_
4

10

8

12

12

34

4
4
4
3
3

8

5
7
7

6

2

4
2

7
7

11

7
_
_
7
5
45
45
_
45

_

10

_

18
4
4
14
7
7
17

28
26
4
4

3
14
14
_
_

7

4
7
7

6

7

7

2

_

8

1

9
_
_

11

9
9
33
33
_
33

8
8

2
2

_

3
3

30
30
_
30

_
_

-

7

12

_

4

5
3
3

3
7

_

5

5
5

21
10
11

_

7
4
3
42
42
11

31

_
8

4

3

1
6
21

8
8

37
37
15

8

5
19

11

24
5
5
19
19
14
14
_
14

11
11

5

6

24
22
2

2

15
_
_
15

18
18
4

11
8
10

8
2

26
7

_

7
4
4
_
3
3
_
7

2

6
12

13
3
3

19
10
10

13
3
3

14
4
4

6

2

_

_
_

10

10

6

2

_

_

_

_

10

6
2

2

9

10
2

5

_

_

_

_

9
9
3
3

2

2

2

2
2
2

5
5

_

_

4

1

72
72
15
57

65
65

8

4
4
4
_
4
18

8

3
3
3

2

3

2

_
_

2

_

2
2

_
_

2
2

2

_

_

4

14

3
3
13
13
4
9

-

9

10

2

2

10

_

-

2
2

5

2

13

-

4

2
2
_

6

-

-

7
5

2

8

6

2
2

_

2

4
4

3

1

8

2
6
6
8

16
_
_
16

10

2
2

_
-

5

8

31
16
15
15

2
2
2

2

7
5

-

4
4

2

-

2
2

8
8
8

-

6
2
2

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
8
2

1

_
1
6

6
2

7
2

6
_

2

_

5
5
5
3

_
3

2
21

6
6
6

5
_
5

8

8

2

_

1

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
1
1

8

19

2

6

8

64
62
5
57

_

_

8

_

9
9

9

_
_

1

21
72 1

3
18
_
_

_
_
1

_

.

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

13
_
_
_
_
_

_

6
_

_

_

1

_

4

_

_

_
_
_
_

15
15

_

8

_
_

_
_

21

1

5

_
_

_
62

4
4
63
63
25
38

8

19

_

1

10

_
_

1

51
49

9
25
25

35
35

49

25

35

_

23
23
4
19

_
_

1

10
10

10
10

10

10

1

T a b l e 15.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s : N e w Y o r k , N . Y . 1 All s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d
—

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

A v erage
$1 .6 0 $1 .6 5
of
h o u r ly
w o rk under
m gs 2
$ 1 .65 $1 .7 0

N u m b e r of w o rk e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—

N um -

O ccupation and sex

A p r i l 1970)

$ 1 .70

$1.75

$1.80

$1 .9 0 "$2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3.2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4.0 0 $4.4 0 "$4.80 $5.20 $5.60 $ 6 . 0 0

$1.75

$1.80

$ 1.90

$2.00

and
$ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $3.6 0 $3.8 0 $4.00 $4.4 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 .2 0 $5.60 $ 6 . 0 0 o v e r

S elected p roduction occupatio
C o n tin u e d
C o at f a b ric a tio n — C ontinued
P r e s s e r s , finish, m ac h in e ..
W o m e n _________________
I n c e n t i v e ____________
M e n _____________________
T i m e __________________
I n c e n t i v e _____________
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 8__
W o m e n ___________________
T i m e __________________
I n c e n t i v e _____________
M e n ---------------------------------T i m e __________________
Incentive—
B a s t e e d g e s _____
W o m e n _______
IncentiveM en—
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m ac h in e ,
a r m h o l e _______________________
W o m e n ______________________
IncentiveM e n __________
T i m e _____________________
I n c e n t i v e _________________
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m a c h in e ,
c a n v a s -------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------T i m e _____________________
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------T i m e --------------------------------Incentive—
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m ac h in e ,
f a c i n g s ________________________
W o m e n ----------------------------------

T im e -----------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------B aste, ju m p -stitc h m ac h in e ,
l i n i n g s a n d y o k e s ------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------T i m e --------------------------------IncentiveM en—
T i m e -------In centive..
B o o k e d g e s _____
W o m e n ---------T i m e -------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M en (all in c e n tiv e w o r k e rs )..
B u t t o n s e w i n g -------------------------------W o m e n _________________________
T i m e -------IncentiveM e n 9 1>/______

See fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




734 $ 3 .8 7
3 .1 4
11
8
3 .3 8
723
3.88
3.22
128
4 .0 2
595
3.41
4 , 658
2 , 882
3.0 8
804
2.57
2, 078
3.2 8
1 ,7 7 6
3.9 3
317
3.4 5
4 .0 4
1 ,4 5 9
94
3.75
41
3 .7 4
36
3.77
53
3.75
3.76
49
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63
59
77
11
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3.3 3
3.7 8
3 .1 4
3.89
3.67
3.40
2 .8 3
3.60
4 .0 0
3.59
4 .0 6
3.4 4
3.26
2.99
3.3 3
3.79
3.9 3
3.53
3.3 8
2.7 8
3.45
3.6 9
3.30
3 .7 4
3.49
3 .2 4
2.5 0
3.41
4 .1 7
2.5 0
2.4 6
2 .1 8
2.7 5
3.0 9

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T a b le 15.

O c c u p a tio n a l earn ing s:

N e w Y o r k , N . Y . 1 A ll s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
—

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

O ccupation and sex

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A verage
$ 1.60
hourly
and
earn­
under
ings 2
$1.65

A p r i l 1970)

N u m b e r o f 'w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g ! s of —
$1.65

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $4 .40 ' $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5 . 6 0 $ 6 . 0 0

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$1.90

$ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.40 $4.80 $5.20 $5.60 $ 6 . 0 0

and
over

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s ---C o n tin u e d
C oat f a b r ic a tio n — C o n tin u e d
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 8—
C o ntinued
B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g ________________
W o m e n ___________________________
T i m e ---------------------- -----------M e n ---------------------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------------C ollar p re p a rin g , except
p i e c i n g o r p a d d i n g ----------------------W o m e n ___________________________
T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _____________________
M e n _______________________________
C o l l a r s e t t i n g ---------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _____________________
M e n _______________________________
I n c e n t i v e _____________________
F a c i n g t a c k i n g ____________________
W o m e n ___________________________
T i m e --------------------- -----------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------M e n _______________________________
T n r f^n ti v p

F e ll body lining, b o tto m and
s i d e ---------------------------------------------W o m e n _________________ __________
I n c e n t i v e _____________________
M e n ----------------------------------------------T r i r P r i t i vp

J o i n s h o u l d e r , c l o t h ___ ___________
W o m e n _____________
__________
T im p

I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------J o i n s i d e s e a m s -----------------------------W o m e n ______ ,___________________
T i m e _ _________________ ____
I n c e n t i v e _____________________
M e n ________________________ __
I n c e n t i v e _______ __ _____ _
Join u n d e r c o lla r , join s leev e
l i n i n g , o r p i e c e p o c k e t s ________
W o m e n ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------M e n _____________________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------F i n i n g m a k e r , b o d y _______________
W o m e n ______________ _____ ___
T im

I n c e n t i v e _____________________
M e n ____________________________ _
I n c e n t i v e _____________________

See fo o tn o te s a t en d of tab le,




-

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5
5
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40
15
25

$4.48
3. 87
3 .0 7
4 ?6
5.07
4 .0 1
5.70

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2.98
3 .0 2
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3.91
3.52
3.51
2 .7 8
3. 95
3.54
3. 66

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129
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3.93
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14
4

7

5

_
_
_

_
_
_

5
5

9
4
4
5
10
-

_

3

_

15

3
3
3

5
4
4
14

_

12
_

2
_

12
2

3

12

1
1

3

2
1

10
2

10

-

1

2

10

7
7

16

7
5
5

2

4
2

12
2
2

17
14
14
3
3
26

10

21

5

12

8

19
17

2
2

7
7
5
5
16
5

22

_

1

4

1
2

16
12

_
_

5

1

2

8
2
2

_

10

5
4
4

6

2

24

9
7
7

9
6

6
1

_

2

-

•

6

10

2
-

4
4
3

1
-

3
-

9
9
9
_
-

2
2

-

_
-

-

_

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

3
3

2

2

-

1
1
1
-

2
-

_

2
2

2
2
2
-

_

-

“

2

1

-

~

1
1

_

-

“

-

7
7
3
4
-

2
2

2
2

_

3

-

-

2
-

2
2

4
4
3

-

2
2

5
_
5

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

4
4
4
-

-

1

_
-

_
-

-

_

11

i° | !

L
o

3

2
2

2

24

33

10

20

10
10
6

4

n

5

_

2

_
.

_

5
5

22

12

10

20

5

17

1

3
3

4
4

4

14

1

11

13
13

11
11

20
20

24
24

_
_
.

_

_

12

_
_
_
_

2

_

_

2

2

3
3

_

2
2

_
_

_

1

1
1

_

2
_
_
_

_

1
_

_

_

_
_

_
_

3
3
5

4
4

_
_
_

_
_

2

25

10

4

_

_

6

37
17

2

4

3

1
1

T a b l e 15.

O c c u p a tio n a l earnings:

N e w Y o r k , N . Y . 1 All s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d
—

(N u m b e r and a v e ra g e stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s
Numof

O ccupation and sex

A verage
hourly
mgs

er s

1 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

A p r i l 1970)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of— ■
$1.60
and
under
$1.65

$1.65

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$1.90

$ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 "$4~40 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5 . 6 0 $ 6 . 0 0

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$1.90

$2 .00

$2.

and
10

$ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.40 $4.80 $5.20 $5.60 $ 6 . 0 0

over

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n occupationsC ontinued
C o a t f a b r i c a t i o n ---- C o n t i n u e d
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 8—
C o n tin u e d
P a d c o l l a r a n d l a p e l s -------------W o m e n _______________________
T i m e ______________________
I n c e n t i v e _________________
M e n ---------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _________________
P o c k e t s e t t i n g a n d t a c k i n g ___
W o m e n _______________________
T i m e --------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _________________
M e n __________________________
T i m e --------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------S e w d a r t s , c l o t h ---------------------W o m e n --------------------------- ------T i m e --------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------M e n __________________________
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------S e w e d g e t a p e ---------------------------W o m e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------T i m e _______________ _______
I n c e n t i v e _________________
S e w i n s l e e v e ----------------------------W o m e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------M e n __________________________
T i m e --------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h -------------W o m e n _______________________
T i m e --------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------M e n __________________________
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------T a p e a r m h o l e s -------------------------W o m e n _______________________
T i m e --------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------T i m e --------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------S h ap ers, edge and bottom ,
c l i c k e r m a c h i n e -------------------------M e n __________________________
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------S h a p e rs, edge and b ottom ,
h a n d ------------------------------------------------M e n - ---------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------Shapers, u n d erco llar, hand
M e n ---------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------

See fo o tn o tes a t end




of ta b l e .

105
30
6

24
75
51
517
212

32
180
305
37
268
97
72
8

64
25

22
99
22
19
77
19
58
177
55
49
122

17
105
207
149
45
104
58
54
67
50
11

$4.00
3.33
2.52
3.54
4.27
4.46
3.88
3.52
3.08
3.60
4.13
3.77
4.18
3 .4 1
3.22
2.37
3.32
3 .9 6
4.15
3.93
3 .4 6
3.53
4.06
3.54
4.23
4.16
3.46
3.53
4.48
4.27
4.51
3.23
3.00
2.46
3.23
3 .81
3.80
3.14
2.96
2.34
3.14
3.69

-

_
_

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

2
2
2

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

2J

2

6
6

-

22
2

7
7

-

13

3
3

2
-

2

5

20

-

-

3
5
5

20

-

-

2

2
-

2
-

2
-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

3
_
_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

4
4
-

4
-

4
4

2
2

-

1
-

2
2
2

2
2
2

1
1

-

-

1
-

1

1
1
-

8

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

_

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

1

-

2
2
-

-

_

_

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4
4

7
7
3
4

7
7
4
3

-

2

2
2
-

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

2
2
2

-

-

"

3
3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2.8 8

-

4.12

-

32
28
23

3.36
3.42
3 .6 1

56
50
43
34
32
30

3 .9 1
3.93
4.23
4.05
4.04
4.11

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

2

-

-

5
5
5

2
-

-

-

-

1
1
-

3
3
3

-

1
-

-

-

2
-

-

-

2
-

6

4

2
2
2
2

_

3

2
1
1

1
1
1
-

1
-

-

2
2

10

5
4

16
16

-

16
-

-

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2

-

-

-

1
-

-

3

6
-

6
6
-

3
5
3
54

6
8
-

6
-

33
16

5
5
5
26
14

40
18

36
13

6
10

-

2

-

-

-

14

19
33
4
29
4
4

18

13
23

19
49
3
46

4
4
34
30
4
26
4

2
2
-

17

-

2

12

12

15
14

10
-

12
-

8
-

10

12

8
-

2

-

2
2

-

-

2
-

11

4
7
7
7

-

2
-

10
2

-

-

2
21

8

-

27

11

17

11

6

7
17
9

11

6

9

16
16

5
5

4
-

11
11
11
-

9

2
2

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

5

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

2

_

_

_

2

2
-

-

-

-

2

3
3

-

2

-

-

_

3
3
3

3

2
2
2

1
1
1

4
4

4

6

-

-

_

2
2

2

2

3

2
2

2
2

-

2

4
4
4

2
2

8

5
4
4

3

_

2

-

2
2

-

4
4

4
4
7

-

3

1

11
11

20
-

14

20
10

14
14
39

68

19

12
6
6
6
6
21
-

-

11
11

28
3
25
7

2
2

11
11

9
37
7
-

7
30
3
27
3
1
1

3
-

3
3
25
5
-

5
20

3
17
3
3
-

3

5
5
5

2
2

-

3

4

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

18

8

1
1
1

24
4
-

4
4

4

10
-

20
-

10
-

20
-

-

-

6

2
1
1
1
-

2

-

-

2

21

5

3

4

4

5
16
43

-

-

-

-

5

3
13

4

4

1

11

3
-

11
1
1

20
-

-

35
9
26

20

13

4
16

2

1
1
10
-

11

10

3

12

-

5
-

7
3

2
-

-

3

5
5

4
4

2

-

8
8

9

-

3
-

10
10
-

1

16
4
4
5

7
7
9
9

1
1

"

1

15
4

6

-

-

16
1

22
12

12

1

1

2
2

-

10
2

2
2

9
3

5
5
9
4
4
5

-

7

6

23
16
4

2

-

1

6

17
9
7

4
4

15
13
3

2

-

6
1
-

1

10

1

-

9

4
18

4
4
4

10
-

3

-

2
2
2

2
2

-

22

2

8

10
-

8

21

8
8

8

5
3

12
-

4

-

2

-

14

3
-

-

2
2

4
4

8

7
2

7
4
5
4

1
1
1
-

-

12

2
-

2
2
2

-

-

4

-

12

-

1
10
-

4

4

11
1

-

1
1

2

-

-

4

4

-

-

_

6

2

-

-

12
12

-

3

1
-

18

-

-

_

_

4

-

-

-

6
1
6
2

3
3

_

-

13
7

-

2
2
2

6
11

39
17

-

-

9
3

2

-

3

3

2

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

3
3
3

_

2
2

3
3

-

8

3
3
3
4
4
4

1
1
1

9

_

6

_

4
4
4

5
3
3

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

"

-

_

2
2
2

_

1
1

-

"

6
6

15
15
15
3
3
3

6

6
2
2

6

2

6

-

-

-

1

-

8
8

2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

T a b le 15.

O c c u p a t io n a l earn in g s:

N e w Y o r k , N . Y . 1 A ll s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
—

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

Num­
ber
of
work­
ers

i of w o r k e r s

Aver­
age
$ 1 .6 0
ho urly
and
earn­
u nd er
ing s *
$1.65

in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s u it a n d c o a t m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , A p r il 1970)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

$ 1 . 6 5 TITTo" $ 1 . 7 5
$1.70

$ 1. 80

$1.90

"

$1.75

$ 1 .8 0

-

$1.90

$2. 00

$2. 00 $2. 10 $2. 20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2. 70 $2. 80 $3.00 $ 3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4. 40 $4.80 $5.20 "$5.60 $6.00
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

$ 2 . 1 0 $ 2. 20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2. 70 $2. 80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4. 00 $4.40 $4. 80 $5.20 $5.60 $6.00 o v e r

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s ---Continue d
C o at fa br ic ation— Continued
T a i l o r s , a l l a r o u n d ______________
W o m e n 9a/__________________
M e n -------------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s _________________________
W o m e n _____________________
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n 9b/-------------------------- ------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ___________________
M e n -------------------------------- _ _ _
__
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________

1Z0
7
113
76

$ 3.28
2.66
3.32
3.09

426
411
152
259
15
61 4
560
98
462

2. 31
2.26
2.02
2.40
3.69
3.49
3.56
2. 76
3. 73

-

2
-

-

-

-

"

~

-

‘

15
15
7
8
7
7
4
3

13
13
11
2
1
1
1

2
2
2
-

19
17
13
4
2
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

19
19
4
15
12
12
7
5

69
69
47
22
-

-

-

"

3

2

2
2

3
1

2
2

4
2
2
2

41
41
24
17
19
9
6
3

37
34
17
17
3
6
4
2
2

19
19
4
15

35
35
7
28

9
9
6
3

2

2

_

2
2
"

6
6
4

3
3
1

18
18
18

7
7

20
20
6
14

19
19
4
15

19
19
3
16

54
54
2
52

4
4
1
3

4
4
1
3

19
19
14
5

9
9
4
5

-

_

12
3
9
7

24

11

5

6

7

24
17

11
9

5

6

_

-

-

7
3

25
25
3
22

2
2
_

4
4
_

3
3
_

2
_

4

3

2
_
_
_

1
1
_

2

2
_
_
_

58
22
11
11

31
31
4
27

52
51
14
37

88
85
8
77

49
48
4
44

2
39
39
2
37

2
46
46
4
42

79
79
5
74

_

1

1

_

1

_

_

3

7
-

1
_

3

-

_

3
1
3

2
_
-

_
_

3

2
2

3

1

_

-

_
_
_

_

_
_

2
34
34
_

3
16
16
_

12
12
_

1
7
7
_

12
11
_

34

16

12

7

11

_

1

.

.

.

-

-

2
_
_

8
2
2
6
_

_
_

_

_

T ro u s er fabrication

A
0)

I n s p e c t o r s , fina l (13 wom en ,
5 m e n ) 9 b / ______________________
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h ( a l l me n)
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) __________
S e w e r s , hand (56 w o m e n ,
31 m e n ) 9 b / _____________________
Sew ing-m achine operators 8
_______
W o m e n -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _ ______________
_
M e n _______________________
T i m e _____ ___________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------A t t a c h f l y _____________________
W o m e n _____________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------- -----------A t t a c h w a i s t b a n d ______________
Women (all incen tive
w o r k e r s ) _________________
M e n ------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------A t t a c h z i p p e r s ___ ___________
M e n 9b/____________________
B a r t a c k i n g ___________________
W o m e n 9b/--------------------------------Me n (all incen tive w o r k e r s ) _
J oi n i n s e a m s __________________
W o m e n _____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
J oi n o u t s e a m s _________________
Wo men (all in cen tiv e
w o r k e r s ) _________________
Me n (all in c entive w ork ers) —
J oi n s e a t s e a m s _______________
M e n -----------------------------------M a k e p o c k e t s ____
___________
W o m e n ______ ____________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n ________ ___ _________
I n c e n t i v e ________________

See fo otn otes at end of tab le.




2.95

3.36
3. 51
3. 31
3.66
3.82
3.01
3.88
3.61
3.49
3.95
3.82

10
10
4
-

3. 64
3.99
4. 32
4.08
4. 04
3.42
3.28
3. 55
3.11
2. 79
2. 93
3.46

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

9

7

3

5

10

-

_

_

38
19
7
7
12
1
11

8
84
49
49
35
-

13
32
13
13
19
_

2
20
14
14
6
_

2
4
1
1
3
_

-

_

3
1
1
1

“

3

35
4
2
2
5

6
5
5
5

"

14
1
1
1
1

19
1

1

45
31
31
14
2
12
2
1
1
1

3
48
24
24
24
2
22
3
3
3
2

5
30
16
14
14
-

-

2
26
13
11
13
1
12
2

_

9
8
3
1
1

2
14
5
3
9
3
6

_

8
8
4
-

1
7
5
2
2
1
1
1

6

-

-

1

-

-

2
1

1
-

_

_

.

-

-

_

_

1
1

-

-

-

1

-

"

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

5

1
5
5
1
1
5
4
1

_

1
1
4
2
2

4
1
1
6

-

-

_
_

1

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_
_

-

-

1
1

2
2

_

4.08

87
467
283
215
184
13
171
32
24

-

_

1

18
42

18

2
2
11

11
8

12
6
29
14
15
12

8
7
14
7
7
14
9

88

3. 18
3 . 74
3.44
4.14
3. 57

37
35
51
50

3.35
3. 74
3. 78

3. 32

-

1
1
1
1
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

2
2
1
-

-

2
18
17
1
1
1
2
2
-

"

1
1
"

1
1
1
-

3
-

-

-

"

-

-

1
11
11
2
2
2
1

5
5
4
3
1
1

-

-

-

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-

-

1

2
42
20
19
22
2
20
4
4
4
2

-

-

1

_

7
7
4
-

1
1

-

-

-

2
2
-

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13
13
2
2
2
-

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1

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2
2
-

_

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-

-

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1
2
1
I
1

1
1
-

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1
2
2
2

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1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
-

_

_

-

-

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

8
4
4

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1
1
1
3
3

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1
1
-

~
5

1

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2
1
1
1

1

-

“

4
2
2
2

1

1
-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
5
3
3
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
13
2
2
11
11

-

-

-

2
2
1

15
8
8
7
7

2
1
11
4
4
7
7

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1
1

_

-

1

-

-

1
3
3
3

-

-

-

-

_

-

"

-

4

-

5

-

4

-

_

_

5
2
2
18
6
6
12
12

2
_
_

-

-

4
2
2
2
2

_

6
2
2
4
4

_

6
1

_
-

-

-

_

2
_

-

_
4
_
_
4
4

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

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_
_
_
_
_

T a b le 15.

O c c u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s :

N e w Y o r k , N . Y . 1— All s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

of
w orkei s

Average
h o u rly
earnings

1 of w o r k e r s

in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s u it a n d c o a t m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , A p r il 1970)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g ; s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly earn in gis of—

$ 1 .6 0

$1.65

under
$ 1 .65

$1.70

■

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

~

~

$1.75

“

$1.80

$1.90

$ 1 .90 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .70 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .20 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .00 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 .20 $ 5 .6 0 $ 6 .0 0
"

_

“

■

“

■

■

~

“

"

"

"

“

_

~

-

-

and

$ 2 .00 $ 2 .10 $ 2 .20 $2.30 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5 .60 $ 6 .00 o v er

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p at io ns - — ■
Continued
T r o u s e r fa b r i c a t i o n — Co ntinue d
Sew ing-m achine operators *
8—
Co ntinue d
P i e c i n g f l y s -----------------------------------W o m e n __________________ ___
I n c e n t i v e -------- ---------------------P i e c i n g p o c k e t s (8 m e n ,
5 w om e n ) ( a l l i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _______ ______________
S e r g i n g ------------------------------------------W o m e n 9b/--------------------------------M en (all in centive w o r k e r s )—
S e w on w a i s t b a n d l i n i n g (5
m e n , 2 w o me n ) ( a l l i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) -------------------------------------S t i t c h p o c k e t s ------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s _________________________
W o m e n -------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e , ----------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s -----------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------

10
9
8

$ 3 .4 9
3.4 4
3 .6 5

13
21
10
11

4 .0 6
3.31
2.6 9
3.8 7

7
14
13
12

3.40
3.39
3.42
3.49

34
32
11
21
44
42
41

2 .1 4
2.15
1 .97
2.25
3.80
3 .8 3
3 .8 6

27
26
122
120
260
259

3.93
3.97
2.01
2.01
2.9 0
2 .8 9

162
55
51
155
25
130

2 .93
2 .9 7
3.0 2
2.42
2.38
2. 4 3

1
1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

2
2

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

~

-

-

"

-

-

-

1
1

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-

1
1
1

-

-

-

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1
1

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-

-

-

_

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2
2

_

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-

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-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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2
2
2

2

1

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21
21

42
42

67
67

21
21

56
12
12
2

9
11
11
5

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

2
-

1
1

-

-

-

1

-

1

2
3
1
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
6
6
6

2

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1
-

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-

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-

-

-

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-

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10
10

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21
21

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4
4
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10
8
3
5

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3
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11

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21
19

11
11

19
19

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-

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-

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12
12
5
5

10
10
19
19

8
8
7
7

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11

2

6
5
5

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1
1
1

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1
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6
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1
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1
1

1
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1
7
7
7

1
6
6
6

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6
4
4

1
1
1

10
10
10

4
4

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6
6

3
3

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43
43

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7

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11

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_

Miscellaneous
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) ( a l l m e n ) ----T i m e ------------------------------------J a n i t o r s — --------------------------------------------M e n _______________________
P a c k e r s -----------------------------------------------MenStock c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s (all
me n) ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------------S t o c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s ----------M e n --------------------------------------W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s -------------------------Women (all ti m e w o r k e r s ) —
M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------

2

-

-

-

-

2

4

-

-

2

4

-

_

2

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

12

2

36
5
31

29
4
25

-

-

-

2

12

2

-

12
10
8
4
4

14
3
3
11
-

11

2
2
1
1

7
7
14
14

_

13
2

-

9
7
2

-

5
1
4

-

8

2

-

-

2

5
2
3

-

2

-

-

-

2

5

26
-

6
1
5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

2

4

-

2

1
T h e N e w Y o r k S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of N e w Y o r k C i t y ( B r o n x , K i n g s , N e w Y o r k , Q u e e n s , and R i c h m o n d C o u n t i e s ) and N a s s a u , R o c k l a n d ,
I
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a nd l a te s h i f t s .
3
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 20 a t $ 6 to $ 6 . 4 0 ; 6 a t $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6. 8 0; 4 a t $ 6 . 8 0 to $ 7 . 2 0 ; 4 a t $ 7 . 2 0 to $ 7 . 6 0 ; a nd 2 a t $ 7 . 6 0 t o $ 8 .
4
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 8 a t $ 6 to $ 6 . 4 0 ; 2 a t $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6. 8 0 ; 7 a t $ 6 . 8 0 to $ 7 . 2 0 ; 10 a t $ 7 . 2 0 t o $ 7 , 6 0 ; 6a t $ 7 . 6 0 t o $ 8 ; a nd 5 a t $ 8 and o v e r .
5
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 3 a t $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6 . 8 0 ; 2 at $ 7 . 6 0 to $ 8 ; and 11 a t $ 8 to $ 8 . 4 0 .
8
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 7. 60 t o $ 8.
7
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 8 a t $ 6 to $ 6 . 4 0 ; 4 a t $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6 . 80 ; 5 a t $ 6 . 8 0 to $ 7 . 2 0 ; 2 a t $ 7 . 6 0 t o $ 8 ; and 2 a t $ 8.40 t o $ 8.80.
8 I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
9
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a ta t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , or (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
10 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 2 a t $ 6 to $ 6 . 4 0 ; 2 a t $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6. 80 ; 3 a t $ 7 . 2 0 t o $ 7 . 6 0 ; 2 a t $ 8 t o $ 8 . 4 0 ; and 2 a t $ 8 . 4 0 t o $ 8 . 8 0 .
II W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 2 a t $ 6 to $ 6 . 4 0 and 2 at $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6 . 8 0 .




_
4
4
4

S uf f ol k,

and W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n t i e s .

T a b le 16.

O c c u p a t io n a l earn ing s:

N e w Y o r k , N . Y . 1 R e g u la r and cutting s h o p s
—

( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

2 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' su it and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 197 0)

Num-

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

Aver­
age
$ 1 . 6 0 $ 1 .65
of
hourly
and
w ork­ earn­
u nder
er s
i n gs 2
$1.6 5 $ 1.70

7, 5 72 $ 3. 3 8
2, 926 2 . 87
4 , 646
3.71

134
94
40

17
15

2

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

1.80 $ 1 . 9 0
~

$1.70

$ 1.7 5

$

$ 1. 7 5

$1.80

$1.9 0

17

106
70
36

$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2. 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $2. 80 $3. 00 $3. 20' $3. 40 $ 3. 6 0 $3. 80 $ 4. 00 $4. 40 $4. 80 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5. 60 T 5 7 o o
0
and

11
6

122
71
51

$ 2 0 $ 2.10$ 2.20 $ 2 . 3 0 $2. 40 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 3. 00 $ 3. 20 $ 3. 40 $ 3. 60 $ 3. 80 $4. 00 $ 4. 4 0 $4. 80 $ 5. 20 $ 5 .6 0 $ 6 0 o v e r
.0
.0

75
57
18

302
189
113

22
0
123
79

191
104
87

182

1 18

92

26

261
123

314
183
131

319
230
89

520
235
285

568
244
324

500
166
334

47 8
169
309

438
142

26
9

501

389

1062
154
908

33
29
4
24
24

194
191
3
31
29

112

454
60
394

219
29
190

8
4
7
77

no
14
96

155
4
151

S e l e c t e d production oc cupa tio ns
Cutting
381
T i m e ------------------------------------

T i m e ___________________
I n c e n t i v e ___ _____________
C u t t e r s and m a r k e r s , c l o t h
(a ll m e n ) .. .... .........

20
6
121
95
59
36
342

20
6

Inc en tiv e
M a r k e r s ( al l m e n i
T i m e ____________________

82
63
37

35

6.0
2

64
17
16
47
43
55

4 . 25
3.89
3. 95
4. 38
4.37
3.89

28
27
39
37
13
24
79
77
71
51
46
493
489
27
462

2
"

4. 53
4.06

18

2

7

5.26
5.26
4. 02
3.82

3. 53
4.27

2
0

T i m e ____________________

7

4.57
4.18
5.41
4. 5 2
4. 2 5
4. 96

10
10

48
44
4

2

2
2

8
8

2

156
152
4
33
27

8
8

62

29

10

8

41
23

10
2

“

19
4

“
23

”
4

2

37
19
18
4

6

2

2
1

■
“

10

_
_

36

8 336
8
3
3
5

3

10

38

6

2

10

4

4

“
"

'
~

"
“

38
516

13
3
3

4

2

“
4
4

-

"

-

"

-

2

10
"
-

Co at fa br ic ation
R a s t e r s , a r m h o l e , hand
Women .
Inc en tiv e
_ . ......
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
B a ster s, except arm hole, h a n d _
_
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _________________
M e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _
B ut t on s e w e r s , ha nd ____________
W o m e n ___ ___ _
_
T i m e . __
Inc en ti v e __ .
B u t t o n h o l e m a k e r s , h a n d ________
W o m e n ____________________
Incen tive.
C o l l a r s e t t e r s , hand
... .... . . .
Me n (all i nc entive w o r k e r s ) -.
F i n i s h e r s , hand ..
W o m e n ____________________
T i m e ------------------------------------In cen tive
_
Fitters
_ ...
.
..
Men
. . ..
.
...... .
Tim e
In cen tive
_.
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l _________________
Women
T im e
M e n _______________________
T i m e ____________________
P a i r e r s and t u r n e r s
W o m en
T i m e ____________________
M e n _______________ ________
T i m e ____________________

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .




6
6
65

2
0

45
65
30
27
35
33
54
35
25
19
13

"

4

8
4

2.68
2.71

2.68
2. 72
3. 32
3. 34
3.40
3.85
3. 92
2.56
2. 54
2 . 27
2.56
4.41
4. 44
4. 2 2
4. 54
2. 73
2. 53
2. 42
2. 91
2.80
2. 76
2. 36
2.04
3.49
3. 30

4

2
0
2
0

8
8

3

5

3

4
16

8

3

3

6
6

3

2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2

4
6

5

15
15

5

14

15

27
27
3
24

6
3

6
27
27
4
23

28
28
4
24

27
27

1

26

23
23

1
2
2
2
2

1

-

1
14
14

6
6

-

132

1

2
2
8

131

1

5
5
4
]

4

4
2
2
21
1
2
0

U

1
1
1
2
2
2
2

2

4
4
2
1
47
47
-

7
3

2
4
4

2
2
2

2
2
2
2
7

4

7

4

7

1

2

4
4

4

”

4

2
2

4

2
2
2
1

_

2
2
2

2
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2

4

4
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3
2
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8
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3
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O
f.
O
4

4
"
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4

2

7

2
2
5

8

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1

6
1
1

4
4
5

5
5
7

13
4
4
9
5
9

3

2

3

5

2
2

7
1
6
6
4

2
2

4

1

2
2
2
2
7
4
19
19
19
4

4
4

2

2

2

5

6

4

-

-

1

"

"
~

4
4

_
■

"
-

"
-

-

-

-

-

6
6
6

4
4
4
4
7

"
5
5
5
4
4
3
3

“
5
5
5

"
4
4
4

3
3
3

3
3

5
3

3
29
29

3

“
5
5
5
3
3

2
2
2
2

4
15
15

6

2
2

15

5

-

2

2

~
~

9

9
8

5

2
2
2
2

5
5

1
1
1

3
7
7
4
3

11
11

10
19

2
2

1
j

-

-

-

-

-

-

69

6
6

2
2.

2
2

"

"

-

9
3
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1

2
1

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1

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~
~
~

6
2

2
2

2

4

1

4

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2

-

1
1

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1

~

6
6
1

2
2
2
2
2

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“
"

5
5

1
2

10
10

-

3
7
7
4
3

"

2

2

9

4

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2
2
2

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”
"

4
4

6
1

2

2

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-

-

-

-

-

-

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-

6

T a b l e 16.

O c c u p a tio n a l earnings:

N e w Y o r k , N . Y . 1 R e g u l a r a n d c u t t in g s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d
—

s tra ig h t-tim e hourly e a rn in g s z

(N u m b e

Average
of
ho urly
work - ea r n -

A ' o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
N u m b e r of w o r k s ; r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

N urn -

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

1.6
0

$1.6 5

$“1. 70

$“1 . 75 T L 8 0

unde r
$1.6 5 $1.70

$1. 7 5

$ 1 . 80

$

$1.90

"

i$27oo $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 3 0 $2. 40 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2.60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 3 .00 $ 3. 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3. 60 $ 3. 80 $4. 00 $ 4. 40 $ 4. 80 $5 .20 $ 5 .6 0 $ 6 0
.0
-

-

$ 1 .9 0

"

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

-

$ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 3 0 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2. 5 0 $ 2. 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 3. 00 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3. 40 $ 3 .6 0 $3. 80 $4. 00 $4. 40 $ 4. 80 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5. 60 $ 6.0 o v e r
.0
0

S e l e c t e d pr oduction oc cupa tio ns —
Co ntinue d
C o at fa brication— Continue d
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , h a n d _____ _____
M e n _ _____________________
Incen tive
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e _______
Men
T ime
..
....
I n c e n t i v e _______________
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 7______
W om en
_
.....
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n _ _____________________
_
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------B a s t e e d g e s ___________________
W o m e n ____________________
M e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
B a s t e , ju m p st itch m a c h in e,
a r m h o l e ____________________ _
W o m e n _ _____ ____________
_
I n c e n t i v e _______________ _
M e n _______________________
T1m **
1 =
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------B aste, ju m p -stitc h m achine,
c a n v a s -----------------------------------------W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n -------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e - ______________
B aste, ju m p -s titc h m achine,
f a c i n g s ______ ______ _ ______
M e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
B aste, ju m p -stitc h machine,
l i n i n g s and y o k e s ____________
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n __
__________________
B o o k e d g e s ____________________
W o m e n ____________ ________
yn ^
^-\T(*
M e n (al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ^ . .
c p wi n a

175
17 3
138
243
237
38
199
1 ,6 75
1,041
218
823
634
84
550
25
9
g
16

6
8
24

2
2
44

9

35
52
24

2
0

28

2
2
2
2
17
58
25

2
2

33
29

2
1
17

8

23

W o m e n _____________________
Tn r pnf i \r&
*

2
2

B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g ____
______
W o m e n 8 / _________
b
_____
M e n 8 J~Z . ---------------------------------a
C o l l a r p r ep a r in g , except
p i e c i n g o r p a d di n g _ _____ _ _
_
W o m e n _______
____
___
J

2
2

M e n 1_
_

...
ftp
*

_____________

C o l l a r s e t t i n g -------------------------- —
M e n ___________ __________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .




16

13
9
48

2
0

19
28
25
51
31
30

$3.99
4.01
4. 09
3. 90
3. 90
3. 38
4. 00
3. 40
3. 13
2. 63
3. 26
3. 84
3. 50
3. 90
3. 85
4.25
4 50
3. 63

2

2
2

_
_

-

11
11
8
3
_

_
_
_
_
_

3
3
3
-

2
2
2
1
1
1

2
2
2

_
_
7
4
4
3
_

12
10
2
8
2
2

3
-

_

_
_

2
2
2

_
_
-

3
3

1
2
33
32
23
9

18
16
5

11
2

1

-

-

2

1

-

_

-

_
_
_
_
_
32
30
18

12
2
2

2
2
2

1
1
1

3
3

7
7
_
7
33
32
14
18

1
2
2
0
16

10
6

1

4

1

-

1

_
36
26
7
19

10
-

10

_
_
_

1
1
1
_
72
62
32
30

10
7
3
_
-

2
2
2

_
-

7
7
5

1
1

1
1
1
6
6

-

_

2

1

93
72
24
48

99
95
3
92
4

21
2

_
_

3

1
1

-

_
_

1
1
1

-

-

1

1

-

2
2
2

-

19
_
-

-

2

3. 56
3.47
3. 43
3.61
3. 05
3 . 76

-

_
_
_
-

-

_
-

-

_

_
-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

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_
_

_
.
_
-

1
1
1

2
2
2

-

_
-

-

-

_
_
-

3. 64
3.7 1

_

_

-

-

-

3.7 1
3.5 7
3.67
3. 82
3 . 55
3 .3 5
3. 59
4. 09
2. 63

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

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1
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4

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3

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1

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5
3

10
19
-

21

_

-

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13
7
7

6

1

1
1

3

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1
1

2
2
1
1

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4
4
115
76

8
8
8

154

8
8

6
6
6

166

8
6

30

5
61

74

2

-

2

6
2

6
1

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-

-

-

4
4

3
3

-

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1
1
1

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2

8
8
8

5

2
2
2
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4
4

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3

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13

3

2

2

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2

2
2
2

5

1

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_
-

3
_
_
3
3

_
-

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1
-

2
2
2

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-

-

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4
4
4

1
1
1

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3
-

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1
1

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6

6

3
3

5
5

3

_

3
3

3

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6

4
7
7

1

7
7
3

12
1
1
1

2
2
2

5
5
5
5

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1

3

2
-

2
2

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1
2
2
2

3
3

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1

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4

7

10

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2

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1

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5

14

3

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-

_

3

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1

_

2

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3

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2

1
1

-

-

2
2
1

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3
4

6
6

-

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1

4
3
3
3

1
1

-

1

3

-

8
8
1

2

14
14

-

-

-

_
-

3
3
7
4
4

2

-

3
3
3

1

4

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2

16
4
4

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-

-

10

10

2
2

3
3
-

.

12

-

14
-

5

_
-

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_

28

6
2
2

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-

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-

59

2
10

4
4
3
3
3

_
-

_

10
12

2
2

-

_

12

16
2

6

-

_
-

_

_

4

28
_

29
71

2
2

_
-

_

4

12
2

3

_
-

_

_

4
_

1
1

_
-

_

6
2
0

6

3
3
_
3
26
14
4

7
7

_
-

_

10
34

6
6

2
2

_
-

_

1

_

10
10

4
4
4
4
4
_

4

_
-

.

2
2
2

30

_

6
6
6

4

-

_
-

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_

6
8
134
9
125

2
0
10
1

8
8

14
14
14

2
2

-

2.79
3. 65
3 . 53
3. 83

_

22
0
6
8

14
14
14
24
24
4

1
1
2
2

_

-

28
28
28
83
83
7
76

4

9

_

_

1
1

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6

51
4
-

4

4

_

_

16

17
17

_

_

17
17
17
39
33
33
124
67
5
62
57

23

2

_

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6

70
39

9
79

2.66

3. 95
3 . 87
3. 93
4. 00
4.17
3. 30
3.61
3. 65

8
8

7
79
80

2

-

1

40
40
15

6
6

b

1
1

4

18
18
18

76
32

1

3.80
3.55
3. 65
4 . 01
4.01

92
14
78
29

8
8

14

1

«
.

6
121

4
4
4
23
23
14
9
129
97

16

6

13
13

4
4

2

1

-

-

2

-

3

1

-

-

26

10
10

6
1
1

_

_

5
5

1

16
16

_

-

-

1
2

-

2

6

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b l e 16.

O c c u p a t io n a l earn ing s:

N e w Y o r k , N . Y . 1 R e g u la r and cutting s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
—

( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' su it and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
Num-

Aver-

of
workei a

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

hourly
earn-

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.60

$1.6 5

$1.70

$ 1.7 5

$1.80

$1.90

$ 2. 00 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2. 20 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2. 40 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2. 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3. 60 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4. 0 0 ~$4^0 $4. 80 "$T20~ $ 5 . 6 0 $lT7oo

u nder
$1.6 5 $ 1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$1.90

$2. 00

$ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2. 3 0 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 3 .00 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3. 4 0 $ 3. 60 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4. 00 $ 4 . 4 0 $4. 80 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5 .60 $6. 00 o v e r

.

and

S e l e c t e d pr oduction oc cu pa ti ons—
Co ntin ued
Coat fa br ic ation— Co ntin ued
S e w i n g m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 7—
Continued
F a c i n g t a c k i n g -----------------------------W o m e n _____ ____ _ ______
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
F e l l b o d y l i n i n g b o t t o m and
s i d e _____________ _ _________
Wo men (all i ncen tive
w o r k e r s ) ________ _______
Joi n s h o u l d e r , c l o t h ____ ______
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
Joi n s i d e s e a m s ---------------------------W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )--------------------------------M e n _ _ __________ ____ _ _
_
_
Inc enti v e .
J oi n u n d e r c o l l a r , j o i n s l e e v e
lining, or piec e p o c k e t s _ _
_
W o m e n ________ __________
_
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e _ ____________
L ining m a k e r , body _ _
_
_____
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
M e n (al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
P a d c o l l a r a nd l a p e l s
— ____ _
Me n
I n c e n t i v e ___ ___________
P o c k e t s e t t i n g and t a c k i n p ......
W o me n .
T i m e -----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
S e w d a r t s ____________________
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
_
w o r k e r s ) _______________ _
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
S e w e d g e t a p e ________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------S e w in s l e e v e
W o m en
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
S l e e v e m a k i n g , cl ot h
Women
I n c e n t i v e . . . _____________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________

See

footn otes




at

end

of ta b le.

20
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

1
1

_
-

_
_
_

_

-

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_
_
-

2
2
_
-

1
1
1

3.96
3.76
3.48

-

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_

-

_
_
_
-

_

-

_
-

-

-

4
4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

1

3.40
3.55
3. 71

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
_

_
_

_

1

3.03
2.96
2.93
3.30
3.26
3.80
3.48
3.55
4.05
4. 02
4.03
4.37
3.95
3.64
4. 34
3.56
4.17
4.27
3. 54

-

-

-

_

2
2
2

2

1

-

-

2
2
2

1
1
1

_
_

2
2

1
1

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

2
2

3. 55
3. 50
3.89
3. 9 1
4.06
4. 12
3.83
3.51
3. 63
4.17
3.08
2. 87
3. 11
3. 75
3 . 72

-

8

$3.67
3 . 72
3. 92
3. 61

34

3.68

15
30
15
13
15
11
31

3. 41
3 . 27
2.59

7

15

16
14
51
41
39

10
9
74
33
31
41
36
30

12
164
69
7
62
95
83
33
23

10
7
31
26

21
77
40
34
37
77
59
32
18
17

2 .6 8

-

-

_
_

1

_
_

_
_
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_
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1
1

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2
2
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2
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11
11
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2
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2
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1
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-

_
_

5
5

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2
_

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1

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1

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2

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1

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3

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2

6

3

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5

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2
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1
2
2
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2
2
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8
8
6

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1
3

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3

5
3

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2
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8
8

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4

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4

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11
1
1
10
6
6
1

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1
1

12
12
_

10

_

-

3

30

1

_

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2
2
1
1

5

_

-

1

2
2

1

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_
_

1

4
4

-

1
1

4
4
7

_
_

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5
5

4

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_

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_

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3

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2

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2
_
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3

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1

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10
8
8
2
8

g

20
12

5

_
_

2
1
1

1

2

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5
5

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_
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1

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2
1
1
1
1
7
3
3
4

6

13

10

4

2
2
2
2
12
5
5
7
11
3
30
5

_
_
_
_

3
3

7
7
3

12

13
13

_

5
5

11
11

3
3
3

_

_

_
_

3

_
_

_
_
_

9
5

3

3

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5
9

2

1

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_

2

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4

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5

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2
2

2
2

2
2

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1
1
1

3

7
7

2
2
11
10
6
6

_

1
1

10
1
1

_

3
3
4
3

1
16

_
_

5
5

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4
4

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1
8
8
2

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_

3

_

7
_
_

_
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1

_

_

2
_

7

3

5

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5

5

2

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_

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1

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4
4

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_

4
4

2

7

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1

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6

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3

1

4
4
4

2
2
2

6
2
2

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1
_

10

_

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3

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1

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4

4

2

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3

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1

12
8

1
1
1

_

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4

10
20
16
2

1
1
2
2
2

8
8

_
_

11

8

_

_
_

6

_

-

_
_

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_

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1
1
1

2
1
1
1

_

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1
6

2
2

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_

_
_
_

4

_
_

-

_
_

4
3
3

1
_
_

2

-

2

3
_
_

_

1
1
1

1

1

5
5

3

_
_

4

_

1

1

_

10

5

4
4

_

4

_
_

_

_

4
4

_

5

-

2
1
1
1

_
_
_
_

_

2
2
1
1

_

_

_
_
_

5
25
25

7
7
7
18

6
6
12
1

1

5

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

1
1
1

10
6

6
1

4

2
2
2
1

_

_

4

_

1
1

1

3

_

_

_
_

_
_

“

“

T a b le 16. O cc u p atio n al earnings: N e w Y o rk, N .Y .1 R egu lar and cutting shops— C ontinued
—
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

of
work-

Average
hourly
earnings

2

of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s u it a n d c o a t m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

$1.60

$1.6 5

$ 1.70

und er
$1.6 5 $ 1.70

$ 1.7 5

1.90 $ 2.0
0

$ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 50 $ 2. 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3. 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3. 60 $3. 80 $4. 00 $ 4. 40 $ 4. 80 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5 .60 T ^ o o

$ 1.7 5

$1.80 $

$1.80

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2.60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3. 4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $3. 80 $4. 00 $4. 40 $ 4. 80 $ 5 . 20 $5 .60 $ 6 0 o v e r
.0
.0

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

"

“

-

“

-

and

-

S e l e c t e d pro ductio n oc cupa tio ns —
Continue d
Co at fa br ic ation — Continue d
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 7—
Continued
T a p e a r m h o l e s _______________
W o m e n ____________________ _
I n c e n t i v e ___________ ____
_
S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m ,
c l i c k e r m a c h i n e ________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m ,
ha nd (a ll m e n ) (al l

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

_
-

-

2
2
-

-

3.74
3. 85
4.01

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3. 30
3. 33
3. 02

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

2
2
2

3
3

2
2
2

4

81
51
147
136
42
94
27 3
23 1
44
1 87

2. 46
2. 34
2.04
2. 48
3. 33
3. 44
2. 42
3. 68

6
6

3
3
3
-

1
1

15
13

3
3
"

-

-

-

12
10
9

8
6

-

1
-

11
2
1
1
1

-

6
6
-

6
5
5
5

-

-

4
-

-

-

6
6
2

16
16
9
7
5
5
4

1

2

11
11
2

3

9

5
5

6

4

1

2
2

2

2

2
2
1
1
-

-

1
2
2
1
1

-

-

6
6
6

1
1
1

_
5
5
3

-

3

1
1

1
1
1

2
2
2

5
5
5

2
2
2

1
1
1

2
2
2

4
4
4

1
1
1

-

_
_
_

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

1

-

1
1
1

1

-

-

-

6
6
6

1
1
1

-

1
1
1

-

-

_
_

3
T a i l o r s , a l l a r o u n d _____________ _
M e n . ____________________ _
T i m e ____________________
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s ________________________
W o m e n _ _______________ _
_
_
T i m e _________________ _
_
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s __________________
M e n _______________________
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________

$ 3.19
3.19
3. 28

2
6
2
2
2
0

l

3

6
6

1
1
1

2
2
2

7
7
7

12

4
4
-

_
-

3
3

_

3
3
-

41
41

3
3

-

41
43
7
7

3
13
13

4
4
4
4
-

10
10
3
7

2
1
1
1

12
12
12

-

-

1

-

7

-

1
1

-

1
12

9
7

-

2
0
19
4
15

2
2
2
2
15

2
2
2

1

7
7
7

2
2

1
6
6

-

-

2
2

2

2

2

-

1
1

2

-

-

2

4

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

17
17

12
12

19
19

1
12
12

-

62
59

21
21

7
7

6
6

59

17

12

19

12

21

7

1

-

2
2

-

6

2

-

-

-

-

T r o u s e r fa br ic ation
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l (13 w o m e n ,
5 m e n ) 8 / ______________________
b
P r e s s e r s , fin ish (all me n)
S e w e r s , ha nd (56 w o m e n ,
3 1 m e n ) 8 / -------------------------------------b
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 7______
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n ------ ---------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------A t t a c h f l y ____________________ _
W omen _
_ _________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------A t t a c h w a i s t b a n d -------------------------W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n 8 / --------------- ----------------b
B a r t a c k i n g ------------------------------------W o m e n 8 / --------------------------------b
M e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
J o i n i n s e a m s --------------------------------W o m e n _ _ -------------------------------_
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------

18

2. 95

42
87
46 7
283
215
184
13
171
32
24
18

3. 36
3.51
3.31
3. 66
3. 82
3 . 01
3. 88
3.61
3. 49
3. 95
3. 82

-

-

4. 08

22
11
11

8

12
6
29
14
15

12

8

7
14

3. 64
3. 99
4.32
4. 08
4. 04
3. 42
3. 28
3 . 55
3.11
2 . 79
2. 93
3. 46

1
1
1
1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
4

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

2
2

1

2
18
17

1
1
1

-

2
2
-

1
11
11
2

5
5
4
3

-

8
8

-

1

4
-

-

1

-

1

-

-

2
2
1

-

1

M e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .

S ee fo o tn o te s




a t en d of ta b le .

7

3. 18
3.74

1

9

8

3

-

1

-

1
-

1
7
5

2
2
1
1
1

2
14
5
3
9
3

6

7
7
4
-

38
19
7
7

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2
42

20

1

-

-

3

-

1

6

9

7

3

5

10

13
32
13
13
19
-

2
2
0

19

6

1

5
5
5
-

2
26
13

19

11
13

11

22
2
20

-

4
4
4

12

1

1

1
12
2
-

45
31
31
14

3
48
24
24
24

2
12
2
1
1
1

2
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

1

1
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2
-

2
1
1
1

1

1

2

3

-

2

-

W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
7

1

-

1

-

1

2
1

-

8

1

4

4
4

-

1

2
2

-

3
3
3

-

-

4

-

2
2
2

-

2

-

1
1

1

1

1

-

-

5
30

16

14
14
14

1

8
84
49
49
35
35
4

-

6

3
3

2

_

1

3
2

1
1

1
1
1
3

-

1
1

1
1
6

5
5

3
-

-

1
1

1
1

5
5
5

5
4
-

-

5

"

-

1
4

-

5

6

4

1

1

-

2

1

3
3

2
2

2
4

14
14

1

-

8
2
2

6

-

-

2

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1

1

4
-

-

T a b le 16. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings: N e w Y o rk, N .Y .1 R egu lar and cutting shops— Continued
—
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
NumO c c u p a t i o n a nd s e x

2 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s a nd b o y s ' s u i t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 197 0)

Aver-

of
hourly
w ork- earnei s
i n gs

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

.6 T T . 6 5
0

11.70

$1.75

$1.80 $1.9 0

u nd er
$1.6 5 $1.7 0

$ 1.75

$1.80

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2.60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 8 0 $ 3. 00 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4. 00 $ 4. 40 $ 4. 80 $ 5. 20 $ 5 .60 $ 6 0 o v e r
0
.0

T l

$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2. 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 3 .00 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 T T 8 0 1 4 . 0 0 $4. 40 $4. 80 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5. 60 $ 6 0
0
.0
-

and

Se l e c t e d production oc cupa tio ns —
Co ntinue d
T r o u s e r fa brication— Continued
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 7—
Continued
J o i n s e a t s e a m s _______ ________
Men (all inc en tiv e w o r k e r s ) . .
M a k e p o c k e t s __________________
W o m e n ................... .. . ...... . „ ..
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n ______________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
P i e c i n g f l y s ___________________
W o m e n ____________________
P i e c i n g p o c k e t s (8 m e n ,
5 w o m e n ) ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
worke rsl
S e r g i n g ------------ ------ ----------------- -----W o m e n 8 / _________________
b
Men (all in centive w o r k e r s ) S e w on w a i s t b a n d l i n i n g
(5 m e n , 2 w o m e n ) ( al l
i n r p n t i vp w o r k p r s )
S t i t c h p o c k e t s ________________
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
pullers _
.............. .
. , ...
Women _
_ .... ............ .
.
T ime _
In cen ti ve .
. ... ...
U n d e r p r e s s e r s___________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________

14
9

8
8
37
35
51
50

10
9

8

13

21
10
11
7
14
13

12
34
32

11
21

44
42
41

$ 3 .4 4
4. 14
3.57
3. 32
3. 35
3 . 74
3. 7 8
3.49
3.44
3.65

4,06
3. 31
2.69
3. 87

3.40
339
3. 42
3.49
2.14
2.15
1 . 97
2. 25
3.80
3.83
3.86

_
_
-

_
-

_
.

1
1
1

-

_
_

3
_
-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

.
_

1
1

_

_

_

_

_
-

.

-

2
2
1
1

-

.

_

_

-

-

-

4
4
4

10
10

_

_

-

2
2

_
1
1
1

_
_

-

_

-

-

1
1

_

_

-

_
_

-

_
_
-

_

_

-

1
1

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

_

_
_

2
1
1
1

-

■-

1
1

1

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_
-

-

.

_

10
8

_

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_

2
2
2

1
1
1

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_
.

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_
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_

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_
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1

_
_
_
_

1
1
1
1

_

_

2
2

1
1

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

8
8

8
8

6
6

2
2
1
1

5
5
14
14

_

13

-

-

21
21

21
19

7
7

13
13

-

_

_

_

_

5
5

_

_

2

2

2

2

-

_

_

_

2

_

_
_

-

_

1

1
1
_

_

15

7
7
-

4
4
7
7
_

2
2
2
2
6

_

5

_

8
8

2
1

_
_
2

6
6
6

_

_

_

1

_

2
2
2

6
4
4

I

3

_
_

4
4
_

6
6
12
12
1
1

1
1

4
_
_
4
4
_

1
1
1

2
2
2

_

_
10
10
10

4
4
4

1

5

I

_

1
1
1

6

1

_

_
1
_

1
1
1

2
2
2

1
6
6
6

_

1
1

_

1
1

_
_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_

8
6
1

1
1
1

_

2
2

_

>

_

5

_

7
7
7

_

6
2
2

_

_

_

2
2
18

1
2

1
1

_

4

2
1

1

_

_
_

2
1
11

_
_

2
2
11
11
_
_

_
_

2
2
1

13

_
_

_

_

1
1

_

_
_

_

1
1
1

-

2
2
1
1

_

1
1

_

-

_

1

_

-

5
3
3

_

3
3
3

11

-

_

_
_

_

_

1
1

_

_

1

_
_

_

_

1
1

1
_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

-

3
5

-

-

11
11

1
1
2
2
2

_
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

1

_
_
_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_

1

4
4
4

_

-

1

M iscellaneous
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) ( a ll m e n ) _
_
T im e
J a n i t o r s ... _ .............
...
. .. ... .... .
Me n (all t i m e w o r k e r s )
P a c k e r s ____________________
___
M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s )_„____
Stoc k c l e r k s , g a rm e n t s (all men)
(a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) _______________
S t o c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s ________
M e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ______
W o rk d is tr i b u t o r s
_.
Men (all t i m e w o r k e r s 1

23

260
259

3.86
3.90
1.98
1.98
2.90
2.89

162
55
51
70
57

2.93
2. 97
3. 02
2 . 27
2.25

22
10
2
10
0

..
-

-

2
-

-

_

_

-

5
5

_
_

_
_

21
16

_
_

16
16

19
19

7
7

_

14
3
3

12
10
3

1

6
6

_
_

4

1

_
21
21
8

2
2
42
42

2

2

-

_
_

3

2
2

3
3

_

2

1

_

4

4

8

1
1

67
67

21
21

43
43

7
7

11
11

1
1

_

1

_

_

56

9

26

4

14

6

_

12
12
2
2

11
11
3
3

_
_

1

11
11
1

_
-

_

_
_

_

1

_

_

4
4

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

1 T h e N ew Y o rk S ta n d a r d
M e tr o p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s of N ew Y o rk C ity ( B ro n x , K in g s , N ew Y o r k , Q u e e n s , a n d R ic h m o n d C o u n tie s ) and N a s s a u , R o c k la n d , S uffo lk , a nd W e s t c h e s t e r
C o u n tie s .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h if ts .
3 W o rk e rs w e re
d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 20 a t $ 6 to $ 6 .4 0 ; 6 a t $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .8 0 ; 4 a t $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 .2 0 ; 4 a t $ 7 .2 0 to $ 7 .6 0 ; a n d 2 a t $ 7 .6 0
to $ 8 .
4 W o rk e rs w e re
d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 8 a t $ 6 to $ 6 .4 0 ; 2 a t $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .8 0 ; 7 a t $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 .2 0 ; 10 a t $ 7 .2 0 to $ 7 .6 0 ; 6 a t $ 7 .6 0
to $ 8 ; a n d 5 a t $ 8 a nd o v e r .
5
W o rk e rs w e re
d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s: 3 a t $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .8 0 ; 2 a t $ 7 .6 0 to $ 8 ; a n d 11 a t $ 8 to $ 8 .4 0 .
6 W o rk e rs w e re
d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 8 a t $ 6 to $ 6 .4 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 .2 0 .
7
I n c lu d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
8 I n s u f f ic ie n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n of s e p a r a te a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d of w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m in a n tly t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m in a n tly in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .




T a b le 1 7 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : N e w Y o r k , N .Y .1— C o n tra c t s h o p s
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s an d b o y s ' s u it an d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

O ccupation and sex

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ______________
W om en..
------------------------------------M e n ---------- -----. . . . -------. ------------

Num ­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
$1.60
hourly
and
earn­
under
in g s 2
$ 1 .6 5

6,840
3, 872
2, 9 6 8

$3.22
2.78
3.80

125
58
46
67
9
58
110
24
86
74
100
98
37
61
69
64
62
96
42
40
54
30
827
82 4
70
754
88
22
66
119
66
28
38
53
35
18
122
48
10
38
74
25
49
195
191
22
16 9
49 1
486
90
396

A p r i l 197 0)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1 .6 5

$1.70

$1 .7 5

$ 1. 80

$1.90

$ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4 .0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5 .6 0 $6 .0 0

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1. 75

$1.80

$ 1. 90

$2.00

$ 2 .1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 .2 0 $5 .6 0 $ 6 . 0 0 o v e r

96
83
13

42
34
8

69
67
2

79
57
22

109
85
24

150
140
10

297
232
65

268
213
55

302
24 7
55

235
190
45

20 7
185
22

3 48
25 6
92

2 44
182
62

265
197
68

519
405
114

53 5
327
208

42 5
24 0
185

41 7
175
242

4 07
193
2 14

300
73
227

667
167
50 0

333
56
277

221
37
184

149
20
129

64
6
58

92
5
87

3 .5 1
3.23
3.49
3.75
3.41
3.80
3.75

_
-

_
-

,
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

4
2
2
2
-

2
2
-

4
4
2

2
2
-

4
4
2
3

6
2
2
4
4
8

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
6

9
3
3
6
6
7

24
13
13
11
2
9
8

8
4
4
4
4
9

12
12
2
10
6

12
8
8
4
4
4

6
6
6
7

7
2
2
5
5
27

5
5
3
2
8

_
5

10
4
4
6
6
2

4
4
4
2

2
2
2
4

3.26
3.88
3.98
2.94
2.91
2 .4 1
3 .2 2
3.27
3.08
3 .1 2
3.10
2.65
2.63
3.46
3.85
2 .5 1
2.51
2.14
2.55
4.83
4.12
5.06
2.88
2.65
2.58
2.70
3.16
3.23
3 .0 1
3.10
2.52
1. 97
2.66
3.48
3.37
3.53
4.18
4.18
3.52
4.26
3.85
3.87
3 .1 5
4.03

_
_
4
4
4
45
45
2
43
2
2
2

2
2
2
12
12
6
6
-

_
2
2
2
22
22
4
18
-

18
18
7
11
-

2
2

2
2
?
2
2
2
26
26
4
22
-

2
2
2
4
4
4
39
39
9
30
6
6
4
2

5
5
3
2
54
54
8
46
-

2
2
6
6
6
63
60
4
56
4
4
4

3
3
3
4
4
4
49
49
4
45
4
4
4

3
10
10
8
2
5
5
5
7
7
7
54
54
2
52
2
2
z

4
23
21
4
4
4
2
2
2
13
5
5
8
8
11
11
11
8
5
3
5

8
8
4
2
2
5
2
2
3
3
_
_
20
8
12
-

5
5
3
3
3
5
5
5
9
2
7
-

2
2
_
6
6
-

2
2
2
2
2
7
7
-

4
4
2
_
12
3 12
-

_
6
3
3
3
3
-

2
2
2
-

7
7
7
-

3
3

_
-

_
-

5
5

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

15
15
6
9
11
11

_
21
21

1
1
1
15
15

4
4

-

-

-

5
5
3
2

6
6
2
4

4
4
4

2
23
20
8
12

5
5
5

6
6
6
47
45
5
40
34
34
7
27

6
6
6
23
21

-

-

6
2
2
4
4
23
23

6
6
4
2

6
6
3
3
24
24
11
13
55
55
15
40

_
1
1
1
6
6

-

9
9
10
10
10
8
8
8
4
4
2
23
23
23
21
7
2
5
14
6
8
9
3
3
6
6
13
13
6
7
26
26
11
15

2
5
5
2
3
2
2
11
11
7
5
5
5
4
4
-

_
5
5
2
3
-

2
6
2
7
7
7
10
10
10
4
2
2
53
53
3
50
3
2
1
20
5
5
15
13
2
5
5
5
1
1

2
2
3
3
3
5
5
5
4
2
2
2
2
25
25
25
17
3
14
-

2
2
2
-

3
4
2
11
11
5
6
12
12
12
5
5
3
95
95
95
16
8
2
£
)
8
4
4
13
3
3
10
6
4
2
2

4
2
2
3
3
3
5
5
5
5
5
5
18
18
18
5
2
2

_
2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
23
23
9
14
3
3
3
8
2
2
6
50
50
7
43
16
10
4
6
6
4
2
4
2
2
2
2
-

2
4
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
6
2
2
4
44
44
44
6
6
2
4

_
-

2
6
6
2
2
2
2
2
2
6
2
2
4
77
77
6
71
2
2
12
10
8
2
2
2
11
2
2
9
4
5
2
2

and

S elected p ro d u c tio n occupations
Coat fa b rica tio n
B a s te rs , arm h o le , hand .
. ...
W o m e n ..
. .. ..
_____
__
Incentive..
___ . . . ____ __
M e n ___ _
...
. .
...
__
T i m e -----------------------------I n c e n t i v e . ________
___
B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , h a n d ----W o m e n (all i n c e n ti v e
w o r k e r s ) ____ — --------- —. . .
M e n — .. .. .
--- ------------ ----I n c e n t i v e — .. . — —
—
------ -- B utton s e w e r s , h a n d
.
W o m e n ____________ —
— .
T i m e ..
. . . .
I n c e n t i v e . . . -----B u t t o n h o l e m a k e r s , h a n d . — -----W o m e n ---------- -- . . . ...............
Incentive
- - - -- - -----C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d ------ -W o m e n . . ___ _ _ _ ___
—I n c e n t i v e . . — — ------- ------ —
M e n ___ . - ----------- ------- -I n c e n t i v e ----— ------- —
F i n i s h e r s , h a n d . — -------------W o m e n _ _______
— __ — — T i m e ------- - ------------ ------Incentive--- — -— F i t t e r s (all m en ) ... - .
---------T i m e --------- -------- - — —
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l --------------------------------W o m e n ---------—- -- T i m e ---------- —- --- ----M e n ______________________________
T i m e ----------------- ----------------— — —
I n c e n t i v e — ------- -P a i r e r s a n d t u r n e r s ------ -- ---------- .
W o m e n . ------- -- ------------- -----------T i m e ------ ----------------------- -------I n c e n t i v e — --------— — — M e n _____________________________
T i m e _______ ____ ___ ______
I n c e n t i v e - ---------------- — —
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , h a n d -------------------M e n _____________________________
T i m e -------------. . .
- I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------P r e s s e r s . , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e . . -----. . .
M en .
______
-. . ..
. .
T i m e . —----------- - ----Incentive— - - - - - —

S ee fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




2
2
2
-

2
2
39
39
4
35
2
2
2
4
2
2

_
2
2
2
-

3
3
2
1
1
1
1
10
10
6
4

6
6
2
4
2
2
-

-

-

2
6
6
4
2

2
13
13
2
11

1
23
23
9
14

-

23
47
47
10
37

-

21
105
105
5
100

-

-

-

-

-

11
37
37
2
35

21
43
43
43

15
30
30
30

4
4
4
4

6
3
3
-

T a b le 1 7 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : N e w Y o rk , N . Y ! — C o n tra c t s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,
NumO ccupation and sex

A ver-

A p r i l 1970 )

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of —

of
w orkoi s

$ 1 .6 0 T T 7 6 T $1.70
hourly
earnunder
mgs
$1 .6 5 $1 .7 0 $1.75

2, 983
1, 841
586
1, 255
1, 142
23 3
909
69
32
28
37
33

$3.4 1
3.0 6
2.54
3 .2 9
3.98
3.42
4.13
3.71
3. 60
3. 56
3.81
3.8 3

8
8
8
-

2
2
2
-

72
39
37
33
31

3 .5 9
3 .2 3
3.2 7
4. 01
4.04

-

87
54
16
38
33
31

3.59
3 .3 4
2.78
3.58
3. 99
4.10

44
38
9
29
6

$ 1 .7 5

$1.80

$1.90

$ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2 .3 (1 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $3 .2 0 $ 3. 4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $3 .8 0 $4 .0 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4. 8 0 ~$5)20 SMbO $6 .0 0

-

$1.90

$2.00

$ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $3 .4 0 $ 3. 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4 .0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4. 8 0 $ 5 .2 0 $5 .6 0 $ 6. 0 0

$ 1 .8 0

and
over

S elec te d p ro d u c tio n o cc u p a tio n s —
C on tin u e d
C oat fa b ric a tio n — C ontinued

01

S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 4 _.
W omen _ _ _
____ _ _ _ _
T i m e ----- - _ ------ _
I n c e n t i v e ----- - - - - - _
M e n _ __ - ___ _ ________
_ —
T i m e ___ _ — ------------ -----Incentive _ .
.
B aste edges..
- _.
— - __
W o m e n ------- ------------ -- - Incentive - — _ . _ .
M e n -_ --- - - - - ------- - _
I n c e n t i v e __ - B aste, ju m p -stitc h m ac h in e ,
arm hole
W o m e n _ ___ _ _
.. .
Incentive ..
- - - - _
M e n __ -_
-- - _
__
I n c e n t i v e ----.
-----B aste, ju m p -stitc h m a c h in e ,
__ — __
canvas
. - __
W o m e n ______ _ _ _ .
.
___
T i m e -------------------I n c e n t i v e ____ __ __ _ ------- —
M en-- Incentive
- ___ _ _______
B aste, ju m p -s titc h m ac h in e ,
facings ---------- -_ _
W o m e n ___
_______
_ „
T im e-__ _ — _ _ _ ._ _
Incentive- _ - _ ___ M e n 5b / „ . —
— _______
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m ac h in e ,
lin in g s and y o k e s- - - - - W omen.
___
.
- .
___
Incentive- __ _
___
M e n __
___
__ __
__
T i m e ----------_ --------- I n c e n t i v e ----------- - _
_ Book edges
- ----------------W o m e n . _. - - - - - - _ _ . .
Incentive _ „
_ _ —
M e n (all i n c e n ti v e w o r k e r s ) —
-_ B u t t o n s e w i n g - ______
W o m e n ____
__ „
Incentive. __
.
B u ttonhole m a k in g —
_
W omen - _ _ _ _ _ _ _
.
T i m e — - _~ —_ _
Incentive_
_
M en
-_ - - - - - - - T im e - - - - - Incentive__
_ _
C ollar p re p a rin g , except
p iecing o r padding
- .
W o m e n _ .....................
...............
I n c e n t i v e . - __ „
M e n . _ ..
------------ . _
In cen tiv e-

S ee fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le .




22
14
4
10
8
6
2
2
2
2

31
27
17
10
4
4
-

80
74
55
19
6
6
-

81
74
65
9
7
7
-

139
113
83
30
26
4
22
4
4
4
-

88
73
57
16
15
7
8
-

54
51
26
25
3
3
_
-

133
115
64
51
18
9
9
_
_

81
60
23
37
21
15
6
_
-

1 14
100
24
76
14
8
6
_
_
_
_

254
21 0
49
161
44
4
40
10
7
7
3
3

306
20 5
37
168
101
28
73
_
_
_
_
_

234
169
14
155
65
16
49
8
6
6
2
_

2 14
127
13
114
87
25
62
10
2
2
8
8

208
139
20
119
69
9
60
4
2
_
2
2

128
50
7
43
78
14
64
4
2
_
2
_

351
119
10
109
232
45
187
12
2
2
10
10

189
47
4
43
142
17
125
8
2
2
6
6

114
39

-

14
10
4
6
4
4
-

-

-

2
2
2

-

2
2
2

-

-

2
2
2
-

_
_
-

3
3
3
_

7
7
5
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

2
2
2
_

7
7
7
_

7
6
6
1
1

6
_
_
6
4

10
8
8
2
2

_
_
_
_
_

13
2
2
11
11

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

-

-

5
5
5
-

-

9
2
.
2
7
5

_
_

2
2
2
_

2
2
_
2

3
3
_
3

2
2
_
2

5
5
_
5

2
2
_
2

6
6
4
2

13
11
3
8
2
2

2
_
_
_
2
2

3 .35
3 .2 4
2.99
3 .3 2
4. 01

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

3
3
3

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

95
51
46
44
9
35
39
29
24
10
89
83
35
57
26
9
17
31
10
21

3 .4 3
3.29
3 .3 5
3.59
3 .3 0
3.6 6
3.44
3. 17
3 .2 8
4.23
2 .4 6
2. 41
2 .7 3
4.79
4.03
3. 25
4.45
5 .4 3
4.14
6.04

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

2
2
4
4
4

6
3
3
3
3
-

-

-

4
4
-

-

-

2
2
2
-

-

-

24
24
4
-

2
2
-

12
12
-

5
5
2
-

-

-

-

-

50
38
32
12
10

3. 12
2.83
2 .9 3
4.03
4.33

-

-

-

_
-

-

3
3
3
-

-

-

-

5
5

-

2
2

9
9

_
-

6
6

_
_

2
2

5

_

2

9

_

6

_

2

_
_
_
_
2
2
2

12
8
8
4
_
4

_

5
3
3
2
_
2
3
3
3

5
5
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
_
_

2
2
2
-

3
_
3
_
3

-

-

-

-

4
4
2
_

2
2
2
-

-

4
4
2
-

5
5
3

-

_
-

-

_
-

2
2

2
2
2
_
_

_

7
7
7
_
_

6
6
4
_

8
6
6
3
3
3

6
2
2
_
_
_

2
2

-

21
11
8
10
3
7
3
3
3

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

2
2
2

6
6
4

2
2
2

2
2
2

10
10
10

-

2
2
_

4
4
4
_
_
_
4
4
4

5
5
5
_
_
_
2
2
2

_
_
_
4
2
_
2
2
_
2

_
_
_
4
4
4
_
_
_
-

2
2
2

_

6
2
2
4
_
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
3
3
3

29
85
7
78
7
5
5
2
2

60
14
_
14
46
3
43
_
_
_
_
_

30
4
_
4
26
_
26
_
_
_
_
_

5
_
_
5
5

1
1
1
_
_

4
1
1
3
3

_
_
_
_
_

15
5
_
5
10
10

10
2
_
2
8
8

6
5
_
5
1
1

_
_
_
_
_
_

3
_
_
_

9
7
2
5
2

2
2
2
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

2
_
_
_

17
5
5
12
3
9
8
2
2
6
_
_
_
6
3
_
3
3
3
_

6
4
4
2
_
2
4
2
2
2
_
_
_
23
12
_
12
11
5
6

4
_
_
4
_
4
.
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

8
_

_
_

2
_

8
8

-

2
2

_
_
_

_

_
_

_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

3
3

45
4
4
41
41
_
_
_
1
_
l
1
_
_
_
_
_

_

_

2
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
2
_
_
_
2
_
2
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
11
_
_
_
11
_
6 11
_

_
_
_
-

T a b le 17. O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : N e w Y o r k , N . Y ! — C o n tra c t s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' su it and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

NumO ccupation and sex

of
w ork-

A verage
$ 1 .6 0
hourly
and
earnunder
mgs 2
$ 1 .6 5

A p r i l 1970)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of —
$1.65

$ 1 .7 0

$1 .7 5

$1.80

$1.90

$ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 .5 0 ' $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $5 .6 0

$ 6 .0 0

$1.70

$1 .7 5

$1.80

$1.90

$2.00

$ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $5 .6 0 $6 .0 0

over

and

S elec te d pro d u c tio n occupations—
C ontinued
C o at f a b ric a tio n — C o n tin u e d
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 4—
C o n tin u e d
66
37
31
29
27
30
20
13
10
8

$3.56
3.06
3.15
4.20
4.20
3.42
3.39
3.97
3.49
3. 71

F e ll body lin in g , b o tto m and

W o m e n _________________________
T i m e _________________________
In c e n t i v e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------J o i n “ i d 4 p o a Tr"'1
*
" 5
W o m e n ______________ ____ _____
T i m e _ _____________________
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
Join u n d e r c o lla r, join sleev e
lining o r p ie ^ e p n rk p ts
Women
________________ _____
I n c e n t i v e ___________ ______ __
Incentive
Lining
Hnrly
..
Wnm^r*
. ..
___
I n c e n t i v e __ ______ ___________
A p*n
/T
_ ..
____ ___ _____
In c e n t i v e ____________________
^7"1ci
......... .
W o m e n __ _____________________
T im e
_____________________
I n c e n t i v e ___ ____ ____________
I n c e n t i v e __ ___________ - _____
P o c k e t S etting
forking
Women
_______________________
rfS m
...
.
_ _ __
Incentive
M en . . .
___ ____ ______________
TiT"*"!*3
__ __
I n c e n t i v e ___ _______ ________
S e ,xr
n lrvt'H
........ . .
__
W^Q-ppp-^
^
_______
T im p
_
_________
In c e n t i v e ____________________
M e n (a l l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) —

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .




60
38
35
22
17
41
21
8
13
20
18
80
46
9
37
34
31

3.86
3.67
3.63
4.19
4.52
3.44
2.98
2.43
3.32
3.93
3 .9 7
3. 81
3.49
2.98
3 .6 1
4.26
4.31

118
88
86
30
26
170
99
94
71
65
69
24
6
18
45
39
35 3
143
25
118
21 0
25
185
64
49
8
41
15

3.25
3.20
3.22
3.39
3.63
3.44
3.14
3.16
3.86
3.90
3.99
3.17
2.52
3.39
4.43
4.49
3.85
3 .4 6
2.72
3 .6 1
4.11
3.90
4.14
3.34
3.06
2.37
3.19
4.26

_
_

____
_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
.
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

4
4
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
3
3
_
_
_

2
2
2
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
2
2
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
.
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
2
2
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
2
_
_
2
_

5
5
5
_
_
.
_
_
_
_

8
6
6
2
2
2
_
2
2

9
6
6
3
3
3
2
2
1
1

4
4
4
_
_
2
_
2
2

4
2
2
2
2
-

4
2
2
2
7
7
7
-

3
3
3
-

13
3
3
10
8
2
2
2
-

2
2
2
1
1
1

5
5
5
2
2
2

2
2
2
-

3
3
3
-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
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2
2
2
_

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.

2
_
_
2

2
2
2
-

2
2
2
_

_
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_
_
_
.
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
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2
2
_
2

_
_
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2
2
2
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.
_
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3
3
3
_

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.
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.

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_
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3
3
3
_
_
_

4
4
_
4
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

4
_
_
_
4
4

2
2
2

5
3
3
2
2
6
2
2
4
4

2
2
_
2
_
2
_
_
_
2
2

13
8
8
5
2
4
_
_
4
4
8
8
8
-

5
2
2
3
3
7
4
4
3
3
2
2
2
-

8
6
6
2
2
4
2
2
2
15
12
12
3
-

4
4
4
2
2
2
-

9
8
5
1
1
3
3
3
13
11
2
9
2
2

6
2
2
4
4
5
5
5
7
2
2
5
5

3
2
2
1
1
7
7
7

2
2
2
5
5
5

2
2
2
-

2
2
72
2
2
2

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
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2
2
2
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3
3
3
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_
.
_
_
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2
_
_
2
2
_
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2
2
2

4
4
4

2
2
2

_

_

5
5
3

2
2
2

7
7
7

_
_
_
_
_
_
2
2
2
_
_
_
6
6
3
3
_
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4
4
2
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.
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_
12
12
12
_
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_
_
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22
2
2
_
20
20
2
2
_
2

_
_
_
_
_
_
2
2
2
_
_
_
2
2
_
2
_
2
2
2
-

_
_
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_
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_
_
_
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_
_
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_
_
_
8
6
6
2
2
_
_
-

2
2
2
23
12
12
11
11
6
6
6
20
6
6
14
14
2

10
6
6
4
4
9
2
2
7
7
23
3
3
20
4
16
4
4
4

12
8
8
4
4
25
12
12
13
13
9
9
7
38
14
14
24
3
21
6
2

7
5
5
2
2
15
15
15
9
9
9
30
10
10
20
3
17
5

4
2
2
2
2
2
2
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9
9
7
32
7
7
25
3
22
2

1

-

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~

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5

2

3
3
3
18
5
5
13
3
10
3
3
3

2
-

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_
6
4
1
2
2
2
2
_
2
13
9
9
4
2
2
_
-

14
12
12
2
2
24
20
20
4
4
4
2
2
2
29
12
6
6
17
2
15
8
6
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13
11
11
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13

_
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.

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2
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2
2
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.
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15
11
11
4
4
14
14
12
2
2
2
26
22
4
18
4
4
10
10

8
6
6
2
2
10
7
7
3
12
7
2

_
_
.
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6
2
2
4
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.
.
_
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-

_ •
14
10
10
4
4
_
_
_
_
_
_
11
6
2
4
5
3
2
3
3
3
'

_
_

-

10

5

5
5
21
13
13
8
8
7
7
7

6

6
7
4
6
3
3
3
3
24
11
2
9
13
13
2
2
2
-

“
‘

-

2

2
4

-

1
1
1
-

-

-

2
2
8
2
2
6
6

1
1
18
3
3
15

-

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

T a b le 1 7 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : N e w Y o rk , N . Y ! — C o n tr a c t s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
N um O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

of
workel s

2 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' su it and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

Aver-

A p r i l 1970)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

$1.60
hourly
earnu nder
ings
$1. 65

$1. 65

$ 1. 70

$ 1 .7 5

$ 1. 80

$1. 70

$1.75

$1.80

$ 1. 9 0

-

$ 1. 90 $2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2. 50 $2.60 $2. 70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 ipTocr $4.40 $4.80 $5.20 $ 5 . 6 o~ $ 6 0
0
.0
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

-

$2.0 $2.10 $2.20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 $ 2.60 $ 2. 70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.40 $4.80 $5.20 $5.60 $6 0 o v e r
0
.0

S e le c t e d pro ductio n oc c u pa ti ons—
Continued
Co at fa brication— Co ntinue d
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 4—
Continued
S e w e d g e t a p e ____ _ _ _ -------- _
_
W omen_ _ _ _
_
_
___ _ —
_
Incentive - _ _
_
______
M e n _ _______ _ _
_ _
T i m e . . . . ----------- _ _ - _
I n c e n t i v e ____ — _____ —
Sew in s l e e v e
----------- _ - ----W o m e n (all i n c e n t i v e
workers) _ _
_
------_ M e n ____________
___ _ __
I n c e n t i v e _____ _ _ _ _ —
S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h _________
W o m e n _ _ _ _ ___ _ ___ _
_
_
_
I n c e n t i v e __ _ _ _______
_
M e n . _ ________
_
_ —
------Tn n ^rvfi \r
T a p e a r m h o l e s ---------------------------W o m e n _________ ______ —
Tim e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ — —
_
_
I n c e n t i v e ------------------ -----------Men _
_ _ _
_
_ ____ _ —
I n c e n t i v e . _ _ _ _______
S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m ,
c l i c k e r m a c h i n e . _______________
M e n . ____
_ .. ..
____
Incentive. ..
—
_ ------_
S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m , h a n d---M e n . . ------. .. .
------------I n c e n t i v e _ — ____
_
.. _
S h a p e r s , u n d e r c o l l a r , h a n d . _____
M ph
I n c e n t i v e ------- --------------------T a i l o r s , a l l a r o u n d -------------- ------M e n 5 / ____________________
a
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s --------------------------------W o m en ..
. . . _ _ ____ ___
_
______. . . —
T i m e ____
Incen tiv e..
. . .
. ----------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ------_—
. . . . ---M e n . . --------------------------------- . . .
T i m e -------- ------------------------I n c e n t i v e _ ___ _ . -----—
_

6
8
17
15
51
14
37

10
0
15
85
17

6
8
130
90
72
40
37
41
28
9
19
13
9

2
0
18
14
44
38
31
30
28

2
6
34
32

27 9
275

$3.93
3. 55
3.63
4.06
3.45
4. 29
4.42

-

-

-

2

3. 31
4. 61

-

-

-

-

4. 70
3.32
3.08
3. 29
3.85
3.84
3. 1 2
2. 78
2. 33
2. 99
3.85
4. 23

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

3 . 14
3.18
3.36
3. 78
3. 79
4.16
3.99
3.97
4.05
3. 23
3. 27

-

2. 23

110

2.22
2.0
1

165
341
329
54
27 5

2. 36
3.61
3.65
3.05
3. 7 7

-

2

-

2
2
2
-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

6
6

6
6
2

_
-

2

2
2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

13
13
4
9
7
7

63
63
45
18
-

25
25
15

32
29
15
14
-

-

-

-

2

-

-

5

_
-

2

7
7

2

-

-

1

_
_

3
3
3
-

-

2
2
2

_

3
3
3
-

-

4

_

_
-

1

2
2

_
_
_
_
_

_

_
-

-

-

_

_
-

2
2

2

-

_
-

-

-

-

2

.
-

10
10
8
2
1
1

-

-

-

4
-

9
9
4
5
7
7
4
3

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

_
-

2
2

_

-

-

-

2
2
-

10
14
4

2
2

2
-

9
5
3
4
4
_

2
2

2
2
2

9
_
_

_
_
_

6

2
_

_

2

_

2
8

9
3

15

6

5
3
3

2
_

2
3

_

5
16

14

12

7
3
_
_

2
2

2

_
.
_
_

10

9
9

2

2

_

2

_

_

2

3
3

7
_
_
_
_

2

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_

2
2

2
2

2
2

_
_
_

_
_
_

2
2
2

2
2
2

_
_
_

_
_
_

2
2

5
5
5

4

4

3

5

3

2

12
12
12

2
2
2

5

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

3
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

3

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

4
4
4

4
3
3

3
_
_

3
3
3

3
_
_

2
_
_

3
_
_

2
2

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

27
27

27
27
4
23

67
67
5
62

13
13
_

9
9

6
6
_

5
5
_

12
11

13

9

6

5

11

7

’

5

3
3
5

8
8
8

-

-

-

-

16
9
9
7

4
4
4

6

_
-

2
2
2

2
2
2

_
-

1
1

9
9

4
4

3
_

1
1

4

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

1

4
_
_

_

1

_
_

9
_
_

3
3

_
_

2
2

2
2
2

-

_
_
3
3
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
3
3
3
_

4

_
_
_

_
_
_

2
2
2

2
2
2

-

8
8
2
6

34
34
7
27

3
3

2
2

2
15
15
3

12
3
3

11
6
6

-

2
2

16
16

_
-

_
-

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

15
15
_
15
7
7

9
9
_

13
13

2
2
2
2

2
2

2
2

1
1

3
19
18
18
3
15

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3

2

2

-

3

5

4

2

2

13
4
9

5

5

9

8
8
4
4

2
11

15
15
4

11

2
32
32

10
2
2

2
26
26

8

18

1

7

_

2

_

_

12
10
8
2
2

4

7

_

2

_

-

2
2

_

10
10
10

-

4

10
10

_

2
2
2

2

9

4
_

9

2
2
2

-

_

_

_

_

_
_
_
-

2
2

2
1
1
1

_

4
4
-

2

4
_
4
16

2
2
2

4

16

_

-

14
5
9
25

4
_
_

23

2
2
2

-

5
_
5
5

_
_

5

_

2
2
2

4
_
_

3
_

2
2
2

4

14
_
_

9

4
4
-

7

2

5
_
_

1
32
31
4
27

8

2

_

2

25

11

_

_

5
3
3

_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_

_

Miscellaneous
J a n i t o r s (al l m e n )
^ 1 f i m c1 vie#* r s ^
a 1
Wo r k d i s t r i b u t o r s ___ ______ ______
W o m e n (al l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----M e n (a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) . . . . .

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

2
0
85

12

73

2.13
2. 54
2 . 37
2 . 57

4

2
-

2

4
4

-

-

2

2
-

2

6
15
15

2
3

-

5

5
4

1

2
2
-

2

_
-

2
2
-

_

2

5

4

-

2

5

4

_

2

2

4

2

_

_

_

-

2

2

4

2

-

-

-

T h e N e w Y o r k S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of N e w Y o r k C i t y ( B r o n x , K i n g s , N e w Y o r k , Q u e e n s , and R i c h m o n d C o u n t i e s ) and N a s s a u , R o c k l a n d ,
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f or w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 4 at $6.40 to $6.80; 4 at $6.80 t o $7.20; 2 at $7.60 t o $ 8 and 2 at $8.40 to $8.80.
;
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in add it io n to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a t a to w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s by m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , or (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d as f o l l o w s : 2 at $ t o $6.40; 2 at $6.40 to $6.80; 3 at $ 7.20 to $7.60; and 4 at $ and o v e r .
6
8
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $6.40 to $6.80.




S u f fo lk ,

and W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n t i e s .

T a b le 1 8 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : P h ila d e lp h ia , P a - N . J . 1 A ll s h o p s
—
( N u m b e r a nd a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

Numof
workers

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

2 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u pa t i o ns in m e n ’ s and b o y s ' su it and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)

Average
" $1 .6 O’ $ 1 . 6 5
hou rly
and
earnings 2
$ 1.6 5 $1.7 0

;
1 3 , 6 9 1 4 -i
8, 548 2.80
3.51
5 \ 143

291

211

98
72

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.7 0 T F 7 5

$ 1. 80

0
$ 1 . 8 5 •$1.90 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $ 2. 40 $ 2. 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 3. 00 $ 3. 20 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $3. 80 $4. 00 $ 4. 40 $4. 80 $5 .20

$1. 7 5

$ 1 .8 5

.0
$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 3 0 $ 2. 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3 .2 0 $3. 40 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3. 80 $ 4. 00 $ 4. 4 0 $ 4. 80 $5 .20

and
$ 1 .8 0

111

0-7-7
185
92

10
2

,/7

I 70
141
29

99
91

24

141
26

-

126

647 5 1 3
460 399
187 1 1 4

706
565
141

455
343

63 7
549

731
545
186

65 ?
520
137

80

2
6

98
13

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

2

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

8

112

8
8

572
42 1
15 1

1100
766
334

11 14
755
359

788
512
276

7 41
459
282

634
342
292

over

1204
382
822

788
155
633

258

362

190

244
65
179

-

18
18
18

40
40
35

-

-

2

563

20
1

6
8

S e l e c t e d pr od uctio n occu pa tio ns
Cutting
Cutters,

Cutters,

c l o t h -----------------------------------

84
80
55

4. 13
4.21
4. 45

2

-

6
6
1

-

2

-

1

33

41

-

-

2

-

2

-

4

263

199

2

6

-

2

-

-

2

11
11
11

3
3
3
-

16
10
10
6
6

5
5
5
9
9

4
4
4
13
4
4
9
9

l i n i n g (a ll m e n )
79

4. 4 5

474

C u t t e r s and m a r k e r s ,

4 . 42

cloth

S p r e a d e r s (all men)

12

3. 32

89
77
74

3. 03
2. 98
2. 99
3. 34
3. 58
3. 36
3.11
3. 33
3. 57
3. 26
3. 63

6
6
1

-

10
10
-

2

2

-

-

-

4
4
4
9
4
4
5
5

2

-

-

-

-

C o at fa br ic ation

I n c e n t i v e _______________ I n c e n t i v e _____ __________
B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , h a n d ----W <=>n
n-m
.
_ ...._
A on
/T
T i mp
Tnrpnti v p
B ut t o n s e w e r s , h a nd
(a ll w o m e n ) _____________________
T im
____
__
_
I n c e n t i v e _____ ,____
______
B u t t r’nhr,^° m a V p r s
hand
..... .
W
nr~nor>
.....
_
_
C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d - __
________
W r' m ,= 3 /
‘n h
......■

12
10
111
52
38
59
9
50

6
6
21
45
136
118
113
39
74

6
8

I n c e n t i v e ___ ___ ____ __
Finishers
h a n d _________________
' Wnmen
____________ -T im e _
Tn ppntj v p
M e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
Fittprs
_
_ _______________
W omen
_________ ________ -

1, 38 3
1,353
50
1, 303
30
139
71

I n c e n t i v e _______________ _

50

T i m e . ________________ __
I n c e n t i v e _____ _________
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ------------------------------W omen
____________ ___ Tim e
- _______________
I n c e n t i v e ______ __________
fy on ^^ /
l"
...
________
P a i r e r s and t u r n e r s (a ll w o m e n ) . . .
T ime
____ _ __________
_
I n c e n t i v e _______________
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , h a n d ------------------I n c e n t i v e _____ „__

See

fo o tn o te s




at end

___

o f ta b le .

21

6
8
18
50
291
248
232
16
43
192
35
157
152

121
1 15

2.67
2.57
2 . 72
2.77
2. 64
3. 48
3. 07
3. 70
3. 65

2.60

2. 58
2. 46
2. 58
3. 64
3. 48

2.8
6

2.27
3.11
4. 13
3. 83
4. 2 3
2. 44
2. 38
2. 35
2.75
2. 76
2.47
2. 39
2. 48
4. 15
4. 2 9
4 . 32

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

2
_

2
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

1
1

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

3

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

2
2
_
_
_
_

2
2
2
-

_
_
_
_
_
_

1
2

_

_

5
5
_
_
_
_

4
4
_
_
_
_

2
2
1
1

5
3
3

2
2
2

3
3

_
_
_

_
_

4

_

2
2
11
11
2
2

2
_

1

7
7
_
_
80
80
3
77
-

30
30
_

14
14

6
6

48
48
_

34
34
_

26
26
_

32
32

30

14
_

6

1

39
39
_

48
_

34
_

3
3

2
2

26
_
_
_
_
_

31
_
_
_
_

39
_
-

_
_
84
84
5
79
7
7
3
4
_

_

_

6
6
6

8
8
8
_
_

_
-

26
26
26
_
_

10

1

-

-

10

1

10 18
2
3
16
7

_

5
5
3

2
2

_

_

2

_
-

_

2

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

8

2

2

_

_

-

_

_
_

8

8

_

_

_

8

_
8

-

_

_

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_

_
_

_

2

_

2
_
_
_
_
_

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_
_
8

1
2

_

_

_

2
2
2

2

2

2

2

_

_

_
_

3
3
3
_
_

5
5
5
_

5
5
5
_

3
3
3
-

2
2
2

4

2

6
6

-

_
3
_

2

2
1
1
1

_

_

3

2

1

8

5

5

2

8
1

3

3

7

1

-

8
4
4
3
3
-

no
109
18
91

1
12
12
8
4
-

14
14
13

25

-

5
7
5

2
0
19

_

2

16
16
2
1
1
1
63
63

1

62
17
17
17
19

8
8
2
2

87
87
87
-

2
2
2
-

87

8
6
8
6

4
_
_

11
11
3

2
1
1
70
69
7
62

1
2
-

6
6
1
1

9
9
-

3
3
3
-

5
5
3
3

4
4
4
3

7
4
3
7
7
3

-

10
8
2

4

7
7
4

73
73

3
3
123
117

2
1
1

1 19
11 7
5

112
2
3

1
1

-

2

2

2

2

42
36
35

9
3

3

2
1
_

-

-

-

1

-

1

2
1
6
16

2
-

-

1
6

14

6
8

9
9

:

_
_

:

_

_

-

-

-

-

6

13

1

7

3
3
-

5

11

2
2
2
2
2

2

71
5
4
4

1

1
12
11

9

8
8
1
1
8

1

2

115

6
8
3

1
2

5
3

2
2
2

-

8 12
2
2
10

-

-

_

~

2

2

2

1

2

2

2
10

2
2

15
3

-

16
2

2
2
2
11
2

40
36

14
14
23
17
17

1
2
2
12
1
11
11

8 12
6 12

13

8

5
5
130
130
4
126
5
4
4

5
3

2
2

60
58
58

2

14

14

10
17
4
13
13
76
74
74

2
8

1
1

8
2
6
6
2

4
4
4

-

4

3

2
0

1
1

1

13

14
4
3
3

6

7

_

3
3
3

2
2
2

8

-

4

1
1
1

-

-

6

8

2
2
2

4

14

3

2
2
2

4

4

13

11

2
2
8

6

1

1
10
6

4
7

-

9
4
4
5
5

7

14

-

4
3

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1
16

1

-

-

2
7

12
10
2

34
4

6
2
-

2

6
10
4
4

6
2

7
7
7
17

2

-

2

15

4
4

4

9

~

-

-

6
6
27
27
27

29
29
23

6

1
1

34

10
10

-

8

9
5

1
1

-

1

-

11
4
4
7
3
4
-

19
19
19

-

6
-

6
7
7

-

-

2
2
-

2
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2
-

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48

7

-

“
"
-

“
“
-

16

11
11
11

16
16

8

T a b le 18. O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J .1
— A ll s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
Num-

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' su it and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 197 0)

Aver-

of
hourly
w ork- earner s
mg s 2

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

2 of

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1. 6 0

$1.7 0

$ 1.75

$1.80

$1.85

$1.6 5

$1.6 5

-

-

-

-

$1.70

$ 1.7 5

$ 1 .8 0

$1.8 5

$

1.90 $ 1 . 9 5
-

$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 30 $ 2. 40 $ 2. 50 $ 2.60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3.40 $ 3. 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4. 00 $4. 40 f 4 7 8 T $5 .20
0
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

-

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 3 0 $ 2. 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2.60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $3.00 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $3. 60 $3. 80 $4. 00 $4. 40 $4. 80 $ 5. 20
0

over

S e le c t e d pr oduction w o r k e r s —
Continued
Co at fabricat ion— Co ntinue d
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -------------W o m e n _________ _________
_
I n c e n t i v e ____________ - _
M e n _______ ________________
T i m e _________ __________
I n c e n t i v e _ __________ __
_
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5 ______
W o m e n ______________ ______
T i m e __________ _________
I n c e n t i v e ______ ____ ____
M e n „ ____________________
T i m e ___________ ________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
B a s t e e d g e s ___________________
W o m e n -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
B aste, ju m p -stitch machine,
a r m h o l e ___________ ________
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _________ ________
M e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) - .
Baste, jum p -stitch m a ch in e,
c a n v a s _______________________
W o m e n 3 / _________________
b
Men 3
b/~H__________________
B aste, ju m p -stitch machine ,
f a c i n g s ___________ _________
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )__________________
M e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
Baste, ju m p -stitch m a ch in e,
l i n i n g s and y o k e s -----------------------W o m e n 3 / ________ ______
b
M e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
B o o k e d g e s ( al l w o m e n ) _______
I n c e n t i v e _ _________ ____
_
B ut t on s e w i n g ________________
W o m e n ____ - -- ---------- ------------T i m e ___ __________ ____
Incen tive- - _ _
________
B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g ____________
W o m e n _____________________
T i m e -----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ----------- -----------------M e n _________ ____
______
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e _____________ _—
C o l l a r p r e p a r i n g , except
p i e c i n g o r p a d d i n g ___________
W o m e n _______ ____________
_
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n (al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) - .
C o l l a r s e t t i n g ________________
W o m e n _ _____ _____________
_
I n c e n t i v e __________ _____
Men 3
b/
__________________

See

fo o tn o te s




at

end

of ta b le .

659
17

16

642
29
6 13
4, 268
3, 193
238
2,955
1,075
165
910
104
51
47
53
49

$ 4. 02
2.89
2.93
4. 05
3.49
4.08
3. 17
3.08
2.60
3.12
3. 45
3.08
3. 5 1
3. 29
3. 24
3. 31
3. 35
3.38

2

_

_

_

_

-

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

23
23
_

12
10

27
17
_

29
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23
_
-

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2

24
24
_
24
_
_
-

17

2
2

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7
-

4
4
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2
-

2

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_

2
-

10
_

10
-

2
2

7
-

2
2
2
_
_

2
0
16

_

_

10

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_

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-

41
41
4
37
_
-

24

2
2
-

2
2
2
-

2
-

8
2
2
6

3

-

-

-

-

10

6

2

2

10
1 18
90
17
73
28
9
19

2
2

146
132
19
1 13
14

2
12
4
4
4

1

-

2

3

1
1
2

1 57
153
37
116
4

90
69

1

21
2

3

19

2
2
2

8

61

1
1
1

5

9

4
4
139

3
5
236

1
1

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1
8

120

22
0

15
105
19
-

32
170
34
5
29

19

11
2
2
9
9

2

-

31
31
31
195
169

12

1 57
26

6
2
0
8

-

4
4
4
4

2

2
1
1
1
-

1
227
159

16

143

6
8
5
63
5
3

1
2
2

24
3
3

2
1
5

16
469
3 57
29
328

112
25
87
5
3
3

2
2

36
36
3
33
477
354
28
326
123
46
77
9

2
2
7
7

19
-

29
-

38

19
3

29
5
24
31 4
225

36
36
2 57
190

10
1

219
89

188
67

30
71
13

67

61
4
4
4

16

3 74
273

12

261

12
12
1
1

6

2
2
8
2
2
6

4

2
2

2

6

76
76

158
3
3
155

74
188

149
354
242

2

10
2
-

10
2
8
6

6
1

241

4
82

112
1
111

4
4
4
4

14
7
7
7
7

8

114
1 14
1 14
154

8
8
-

8
8
6
6
1
65
4

1
1

29
29

2

27

8
8

42
42
46
46

2
-

3
3

2
2

61
61
61
85
51
51
34
34

2
2
2
-

142

2.85

-

-

8

-

8

-

-

1

9

8

8

1

10

9

13

1

11

9

8

10

6

4

16

2

-

-

111

-

-

8

-

1
8

8

7

1

10

7

1

11

7

6
2

8
2

3
3

4
-

9
7

2

-

-

1

-

-

8

31

2.80
3.04

-

-

193
152
41

3.03
3.04
3.00

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

2

3

15
13

2
0
18

4
3

10

1

7
3

7
5

2

6
1

-

-

2

_
-

111

3. 14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

85
26

3. 1 3
3.16

-

-

-

-

-

-

146
125

3. 45
3.44
3.48
3.53
3. 55
2 . 67
2. 63
2.85
2. 6 1
2.93

2
2

-

-

- I

-

2

2
2

2
2

21
6
6

64
104

10
2
8
94
67
45
7
38

2
2
8

2.68

2.67

2.68

14

3.46
3.15
3. 64

85
60
58
25
125
82
80
43

3.16
3.17
3.19
3.14
3.32
3. 24
3.26
3.48

4
4
_
4
-

-

2

2

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

_

-

2
4
4
4
-

-

2
2

-

1

-

-

9
-

6

-

-

18

-

14
14
-

4
4
-

8
8

19
13

34

-

6

9

15

6

2

2

8

2

4
-

5

18
-

6

8
1

11

4

2

1
1

5
3

-

-

2
2

6
6

6

11

9

9

5
3

11
11

5
4

7
7

8
6
2
11
11
2
2
2
2
2
2
0

10

-

14
14
7
5

5
5

4
4
5
5

3
3

3

-

5
3
3
3

5
3
3

10
10
10

1

9

1

15

4

-

-

3
-

-

1

1
8

1

13

-

-

2

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

4
4
-

1
1

1
6
6
-

6

1
1
1

-

1
1

1
2
2
-

2

2
2
16
16
16
-

15

2
2
2
-

1
1
-

2
2
1
1
1
2
2
-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

-

-

_
_
_

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

2
2
2

-

7
7
7
3
3
3

-

-

2

9

-

-

-

18

3

-

-

7

-

-

-

2

12
6

4
4
15
15

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

3
3
-

2
2
2
-

2
-

2
8
8
8

-

13

-

2
1

2

21
2
0
1

4
4
-

1
1
1
1

1
2
2
16
-

16
6
-

6
6
6
4
-

12
12
10

2
2
1
1

3
3
3
-

8
8
8
-

2

5

1

5
5
5

2
2
-

2
4
4
4
-

10
8
8
2

21

8
8

5
3
3
3
3
13
9
9
4
9
3
3

6

3

5
4
3

1
1

-

1

5
4
4

1
6
3
3
3

29

21
8
13
13

6
6

2

4

2

16

4
4
3
3

14

2
-

2
2

1
1

6

2

1

4
4
4

3
3
3
-

-

3
3

6

-

2
2
2
7
5
5

2

2
2
12
12
10

3
3
3

10
2
2
8

-

1
1
1

1
2
1
-

1
1
1

2
7

6
6
1

2

19

11
11
8

7

2
2
-

2

-

1
1

1
68
8
-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

2
1
1

8
4
4
4

1
1
1

-

1

2
-

1

2

-

4
4
4
-

1

-

1

T a b le 1 8 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :

P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J .1— A ll s h o p s — C o n tin u e d

( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

2 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a ti o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s u i t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)

Average
$1.6 0 $1.65
ho urly
and
earn­
u nd e r
ings 2
$ 1. 6 5 $1.7 0

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.70

$ 1.7 5

$1. 80

$1.85

$ 1. 7 5

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1. 85

$

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 3 0 $ 2. 40 $ 2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2 . 70 $2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3. 20 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3. 6 0 $3. 80 $ 4. 00 $ 4. 40 $4. 80 $5 .20
0
and

1.90

0
$ 1 . 9 5 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 3 0 $2. 40 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2.60 $ 2 . 7 0 $2. 80 $3.00 $ 3. 20 $ 3. 40 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4. 00 $ 4. 40 $ 4. 80 $5 .20 o v e r

S e l e c t e d pr oduction occ upa tio ns —
Continued
C o a t fa br ic ation— Continued
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5—
Continued
F a c i n g t a c k i n g (1 m a n , 40
w o m e n )3 / __________________
b
F e l l b o d y l i n i n g , b o t t o m and
s i d e .. . _
W o m e n 3 / _________________
b
J o i n s h o u l d e r , c l o t h _______ _ _
_
W omen (all incen tive
w o r k e r s ) _________________
M e n 3 / ------------------------------------b
J o i n s i d e s e a m s _______________
W o m e n ___________________
I n c e n t i v e _____________ _
_
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e _____________ ___
Join u n d e r c o l l a r , join s l e e v e
l i n i n g , o r p i e c e p o c k e t s ______
W o m e n 3 / _________________
b
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
L i n i n g m a k e r , b o d y __________
W o m e n 3 / ________________ _
b
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
P a d c o l l a r and l a p e l s
( a ll w o m e n )3 / -----------------------b
P o c k e t s e t t i n g and t a c k i n g ---------W o m e n 3 / ________________
b
M e n 3 J ~ 7 .__________________
b
S e w d a r t s , c l o t h _______________
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _________________
S e w e d g e t a p e ________________
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )_________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------S e w in s l e e v e _________________
W o m e n 3 / _________________
b
M e n _______________________
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h _________
W o m e n 3 / ------------------------------b
M e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s )_
_
T a p e a r m h o l e s ----------------------------W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )_________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m ,
c l i c k e r m a c h i n e ----------------------------W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------

See

fo o tn o te s




at end

o f ta b le .

41

$3.1 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

2

2

1

4

1

3

1

3

1

4

2

-

2

1

106
103
63

3.15
3. 14
3, 28

-

_

2
2

-

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
3

2
2

10
10
1

3
3

4
4
-

4
4
3

24
24
13

10
10

10
10

2
2

4

4

4
4
9

12
12

9

8
6
7

7

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

5

3

_
_

_
-

37
28
87
63
61
24

3.18
3 . 41
3.38
3 . 27
3. 29
3.67
3.71

-

2

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

1
2
2
2
2

1

1

1

4
4

4
9

9
25
23
23

3

1

2

4

-

-

2
1
1

_
_
4

_
_
_
_
_
-

2.8
6

6
6

-

-

6
6

4
4

4
4

-

-

6
6

-

2
2

-

-

-

2
2

175
15 8
17
13
186

2

65
59

2. 84
3. 01
2. 85
3.29
3.13
3. 58
3. 62

76
392
209
183
80

2. 93
3. 38
3. 28
3.50
3 . 47

-

2

-

76
115

3.51
3 . 74

-

2
2

71
44
42
165
81
84

3. 49
4.14
4. 19
3.71
3 . 53
3. 90
2. 85
3. 98
3. 05
2. 99
3 . 44
3. 05

-

2

121

-

-

8

1
1
1

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

5
5

-

2
2

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3
3

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9
9
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4
-

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2

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-

2

2
2

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2
2

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-

8

3.16

-

-

-

8

-

1

-

-

-

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2. 85
3. 20
3.18

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

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8
8

1
1

3
3
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9
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12
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2
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7
51
49

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5
3

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58

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2
7
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21

-

-

2
1

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3
3
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4

3.13
2. 84
2. 82

58
23

2
2

-

-

2
2

12

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2

15

_
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78
209
181
28
81

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8
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6

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4
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6
6
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8
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14

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6
10
8

2

12
2
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11
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7

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2

3
26
3
23
4
4

3

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7

3

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3

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5
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10

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24
24
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2
8
8

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13

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8

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0
48
23
25
5
5
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13
9
4

2
2

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35
32
3
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11
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53
42

11
7
7

6
3
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4

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3
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2
34
23

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30

11
19
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2
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6
6
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17
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7
5

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31
17
14
5
5

12
6
6
6
3

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6

3
17
13
13
4
4

7
5
3
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13
9
4

_
-

13
13
-

8
2
6
6

2

5
28
17

11
6

2
2

2
30

12
18

6

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5

2
2

7
7
_
_

_
_

2
2

31
14
17
17

2
1
1
1

5

2

3
3

2
2

-

1
21
12

6
35

12

23
5

6

1

5

7

7

3
4
4

3
4
4
15
3

6

12
-

12

2
2
2
2

1
1

1

3
3
3
14
14
-

_
_

3
3

2
0
13
7
7
30
17
13
13
14

7

1
6
3
3
14
7
7
7
15
5

10

_
_

2

11
5

6
1

_
_
-

9

8

1

8

9

4

1
8
8
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8
12

2
2
2
7

2
5
5

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-

10

12

9

4

1

1
1

3
-

-

23
19
4

30
19

11

17

7

4

8

2
8
8

11

15

2

-

4
4

2

-

4
-

2

-

6
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

11

2

9

8
1

8

4

1

3
4

12
2
2

8
1
2

8
8

-

1

-

1

-

2

2

8

3

9

7

3

5

4

4

-

1

-

1

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

8
8

3
3

9
9

1
6
6

2
1
1

5

4
4

4
4

-

-

'

'

4

"

2
2

3

T a b le 1 8 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J .1— A ll s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s

O c c u p a t i o n a nd s e x

2 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' sui t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 197 0)

Num­ Avera ge
be r
$1.60 $1.6 5
of
hourly
and
w o rk ­ earn­
u nd er
er s
i n gs 2
$1.6 5 $1.70

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 3 0 $ 2. 40 $ 2. 5 0 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $3. 00 ‘ $ 3. 2 0 $ 3. 40 $ 3 .6 0 $3. 80 $4. 00 $4. 40 $4. 80 $ 5. 20
0

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$ 1 . 8 5 f 1. 90 $ 1 . 9 5

$1.75

$1.80

$1.85

0
$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2. 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3 . 2 0 $3. 40 $ 3. 6 0 $ 3. 80 $4. 00 $ 4. 40 $4. 80 $ 5. 20 o v e r

and

S e le c t e d pro ductio n oc cupa tio ns —
Co ntinue d
Co at fa brication— Continued
S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m , hand —
M e n ________________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
S h a p e r s , u n d e r c o l l a r , h a n d ----------W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )__________________
T a i l o r s , a l l a ro und---------------------------M e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s ---------------------------------------------W o m e n ____________________
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e _______________
U n d e r p r e s s e r s___________________
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n ________________________
T i m e ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________

25
16
14

2
2

$3.13
3. 55
3. 59
3 . 27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

13
37
36

3.12
3.11
3.12

-

-

-

-

429
427
16
411
611
160
156
451
16
43 5

2. 34
2. 34
2. 1 6
2. 35
3.35
2. 94
2.96
3. 50
2.89
3.52

5
5

2
0
2
0

10
10
1

_
_
_
_

9
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

8
8
8

_

26
26
_
26
_
_
_
_
_

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

4
9

1
1
8

_

2
0

-

-

8
8
-

8

15
15
15

1

-

1
-

1

1

-

-

-

1
1

-

21
21

6
6
-

21

6
2

39
37
4
33
14
5
5
9
5
4

27
27

13
3

-

1
10

2

_

_

-

10

2

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

2

25
18

16
16
2

4
-

1
1
1

3
-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

5
4

51
51
5
46
13

32
32

15
15

31
28

14

44
44
44

27
27

-

11
9

2

-

-

2

2

2
2
2

-

1
1
1

1

1

6
6
6
-

1

-

1
1

16
16

1

15
24

12
2
2
10

12
12
12

-

-

10

12

-

1
1
1
1

-

1

1

1
1

-

25
25

27
27

25
17
7
7

27
51

10
3
7

10
10

41
41

4
9

4

1
1
1
2

3
3
3

4
3
3

16
16

14
14

7
7

16

14
49

7
48
14
14
34

43
4
4
39

48

32

37

46

2

5

-

-

2

-

1
1

2

18
18

64
29
29
35

2

33

6
6

11
11

38
38

2
2
2

2

-

4
4
4
-

1
1
1
2

2
2

-

3
3

2
2

-

2

54

-

2

6
6
2

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

3
65
3
3
62
62

42
9
9
33
33

15

1

1
1

14
14

-

16
1
1
15
15

T r o u s e r fa br ic ation
Sew ing-m achine operators:
A t t a c h f l y s (a ll w o m e n )
(al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ______
A t t a c h z i p p e r s (a ll w o m e n )
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ------------B a r t a c k i n g _______ ___________
W o m e n ___________________ _
I n c e n t i v e ________________
J oi n i n s e a m s (14 w o m e n , 3
m e n ) (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . . .
P i e c i n g p o c k e t s _______________
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )_________________
S e w on w a i s t b a n d l i n i n g _______
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )---------------------------------

4

18

3. 1 5

13

3.06

15
13

2. 70
2. 78

-

17
23

3.03
2.83

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

4

-

2

21

2. 81
3. 1 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

2

23
19

3.13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

50

4. 12
2.15

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

5
5

5
5

9

23
23

-

5
5

3
41
37

-

4
4

-

54
52

2
26
26

32
30

2 2.8
0
6

-

-

2

-

2
2
2
2

-

2
2
2

-

2

-

-

-

2

-

2
2

-

-

~

2

-

-

1

2

-

4

1
1
1

2
2

2

2
2
2
2

-

3

1
1

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

8

-

2

4
-

6

-

-

-

~

-

4
5

2

-

1

2

6

2

5
4

3

1
1

2
2
2

3
3
3

8
8
8

4
4

5
5

-

3

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

4

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

2

-

"

2

4

3

4

6

1

6

79

2
2
2
1
1

3
3

4
4

-

5
5
3
-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

"

"

7

-

3

'

-

2

2

-

9

"

M iscellaneous
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) (al l m e n )
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------------J a n i t o r s -----------------------------------------------W o m e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s )___
M e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s )_____ _
P a c k e r s _________________________
M e n _______________________
T i m e ------------------------------------S t o c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s ------------------M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s )----------Sto ck c l e r k s , p i e c e goods
(a ll m e n ) (a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ---------W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s ________________
M e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ______

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

8
8

17
71
39
33
27
52
51
26
259
239

2.0
1

2.18
3.02
3.15
3.03
2.59
2.60
2.63

2.11
2.10

6
4

~

-

10
8

2
-

6
6

"

6

25
-

2
12
3
9

2
2
2

18

2
16
1
1
1
8

10
2
8
-

1
1

2
4
4

2
-

1
1

3
9
9

12

1

4
18

T h e P h i l a d e l p h i a a r e a c o n s i s t s of P h i l a d e l p h i a and D e l a w a r e C o u n t i e s , P a . , and C a m d e n C o u n t y , N .J .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f or w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a t a t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s ,
W o r k e r s w e r e dis tr ibu ted as follows:
4 at $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 6 0 ; and 4 at $ 6 t o $ 6 . 4 0 .
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a ddi tion to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 5 . 2 0 t o $ 5 . 6 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ibu ted as follows:
2 at $ 5 . 2 0 t o $ 5 . 6 0 ; 2 at $ 5 . 6 0 t o $ 6 and 5 a t $ 6 and o v e r .
;




2

2
2
6
6

3

1

or

-

6
6

6
6
4
14

12

3
3
5
~

1
2
2

1

(b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .

2
1
1
1

-

2
2

T a b le 1 9 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J .1 R e g u la r a n d c u ttin g s h o p s
—
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s
Num-

A ver-

of
w orkel s

hourly

suit a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

A p r i l 1970)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r ■s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s - o f $1.65

$1.70

$1.75

$ 1 .8 0

$1.85

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 . 2 0

ings

under
$1.65

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$ 1. 85

$1.90

$ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 .2 0 o v e r

9, 4 0 5
5, 52 5
3, 8 8 0

$3.06
2.78
3.46

236
158
78

84
60
24

94
86
8

84

4.13

_

_

_

4.45

472

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ______________
W o m e n ______________________________
M e n ---------------------------------------------------

$1.60

55

O ccupation and sex

4.42

53
48
45
49
23
10
26
9
17

2.98
2.98
3.00
3.21
2.84
3.22
3.54
3.26
3.69

_
-

-

-

33
17
16
98

2.72
2.67
2.76
2*. 79

-

-

82
64
15
13
49
43
655
627
35
592
80
39
37
41
16
25
191
155
145
36

2.62
3 .6 5
3. 41
3.50
3.73
3.66
2.55
2.50
2 .3 1
2 .5 1
3. 71
3 .2 6
3 .2 5
4.14
3 .9 0
4.30
2.46
2.38
2.35
2.79

and

196
121
75

83
68
15

103
86
17

117
90
27

49
43
6

439
29 9
140

349
25 8
91

427
323
104

28 3
188
95

4 49
38 4
65

51 9
373
146

469
359
110

388
26 6
122

780
52 2
25 8

772
49 0
282

52 2
320
202

48 6
291
195

4 20
204
216

36 4
102
26 2

894
25 2
642

57 7
91
4 86

153
46
107

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

2

_

6
8

_

10

6
L
0

.

18

40

_

18

35

152
45
107

S elec te d p ro d u c tio n o ccu p atio n s
C utting
C u tte rs,

c l o t h _____

C u tte rs,

lining (a ll m en )

________________

C u tte rs and m a r k e r s ,

cloth

2

17 f
1 Q7

Coat fabrication
B a s t e r s , a r m h o l e , h a n d ____________
W o m e n _________________ _______
I n c e n t i v e ____
__________
B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , h a n d ___
W o m e n ____________________- — _
__ ____ ________
Incentive
M e n . . __________________________
T i m e —---------------------------------B utton s e w e r s , h and
( a l l w o m e n ) __________________________
TS m
B u t t o n h o l e m a k e r s , h a n d ----------------W o m e n (a ll in c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ---------------------------------C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d -------------------------W o m e n __________________________
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ---------------------------F i n i s h e r s , h ^ n d ------------------------------W o m e n __________________ _____
T i m e ______________________ _
I n c e n t i v e ---------------- -------------F i t t e r s ---------------------------------------------- _
W o m e n __________________________
I n c e n t i v e ------------------- —
T i m e _________________________
I tio

f. na,
^ Wa t
t,L

T i m e -------------------------------A o^ a /
/f -n
P a i r e r s and tu rn e r s
12
2 .4 1
( a l l w o m e n ) 4 b / -------------------------------------- 4
102
4.06
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , h a n d -------------------78
4.06
M e n _________________________
72
4.08
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------3.98
P r e s s e r s , “f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -----------379
37 5
3.97
M e n --------------------------------------------25
T i m e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .56
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3
35 0
4.00
I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------

See

fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le .




_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

1
1

-

3
3
3

2
2

4
4
4
-

2
2
2
2
-

2
2
2
_
-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

1
1

-

6

-

8
2

4
2
2
6

~
2

-

_

2

-

_

2

4

2

8

6

_
20
20
20
2
2
2

6
6
6
2
2
2

2
-

34
34
34

-

2
13
13
13

4
20
20
1
19

2
15
15
15

6
42
42
3
39

-

-

8
1
1
1
45
45
4
41
2
2
2

-

-

_

3
3
_
9
9
-

2
2
2
-

4
4
4
6
4
4
2
2

9
9
9
3
3
3

2
2
2
6
_
_
6
4

9
6
6
4
2
2
2
-

3
3
3
5
_
_
5
2

3
3
3
_
_
_
-

2
2
2
2
2
2
_
-

_
_
_
6
_
_
6
8

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

1
1

6
4

-

10
8

2

-

-

-

_

_

2

_

_

6

2

2

4

8

2

_

_

6
1
1
1
32
32
3
20
2
2

2
2
1
1
1
1
59
57
3
54
2
2

2
4
2
2
2
23
23
_
23
2
2
2

2
10
2
2
8
4
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

6
_
_
_
1
_
_

2
2
_

2
8
2
2
8

9
8
1
1

7

5

-

20
20
20

1
1
1
4
4
2
-

_

_

8

-

1
1
1
-

_

19
19
19
2
2
2

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
6

_

_

8
-

-

-

-

8
8
8

2

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

8

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

"

-

-

“

-

6
6
6

7
4
4
3

7
7
7

63
63
63

2
22
17
17
5

14

2

10

9

8

-

6
_
47
47
47

-

-

-

-

10

2
_
13
_
_
13
13
8
2
_
2
8
4
4

2
7
1
1
6
6
2
2
_
2
10
2
2

2

6

-

-

"

"

"

"

6
4
2
2
2
2
18
16
_
16
12
8
6

6
5
1
1
4
4
36
34
_
34
2
_
_

_

2

_

_

16
11
8
5
6

8
2

2

2
2

-

-

5
5

-

6

2

2

"

"

28
28
-

2

28

-

"

9

9
5
4

23
23
-

23

10
4
4
L
O

_

3

2
39
2
2
_

'

4
-

2

2

19
3
3
16

2
6

-

6
5
2
2
3
3
60
60
2
58
3
3
3

-

-

6

-

4
1
1
1
64
58
_
58
5
2
2
3

_
10
3
3
7
5
12
8
_
8
4
2
2

2
-

3

-

14
1
1
1
17
17
1
16

-

"

8

2

2
54
54
18
36
2
2
2

-

6
-

2
2
-

6

3

-

2
-

14

2

12
12
2
10

-

6
2
2
2
17
17

3
26
26
26
26
24

5

-

55
2

12

24

53

26
20
20
55

1
32
8
8
97
95

_

6
6
6
58
58

6

-

89

58

_

_
-

3

6
6
6
34
34

2
1

34

3

-

T a b le 1 9 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N . J . 1 R e g u la r a n d c u ttin g s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
—
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ^ of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
NumO ccupation and sex

A ver-

of
workels

hourly
earn-

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.60

$1.65

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$ 1 . 8 5 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 .2 0

under
$1.65

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$1.85

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 .2 0 o v e r

and

S elected p ro d u c tio n o ccu p atio n s—
C ontinued
C oat fa b ric a tio n — C ontinued
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5 ------------- 2, 63 0
W o m e n ___________________________ 1, 91 7
T i m e __________________ ______
139
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------- 1 , 7 7 8
713
M e n _______________________________
148
T i m e -------------------565
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------66
B a s t e e d g e s -------------------------------------W o m e n ------ ---------------------------------30
M e n _______________________________
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m a c h in e ,
a r m h o l e ____________________________
W om en (a ll in c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ----------------------------------B aste, ju m p -stitc h m ac h in e ,
c a n v a s . -----------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------M e n 4 b / ___________________________
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m a c h in e ,
f a c i n g s _____________________________
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) _______________________
M en (a ll in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) —
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m ac h in e ,
l i n i n g s a n d y o k e s . — __ _________
W o m e n 4 b / ------------------------ -------M en (a ll in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) —
Book e d g e s (all w om en)
(a ll i n c e n ti v e w o r k e r s )
_____ _
B u t t o n s e w i n g ______________________
W o m e n --------------------- _ ________
T i r~n
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g -------------------------W o m e n _______________ ____ _ __
T i m e ---------------------------------------TnrpnH w
C o lla r p re p a rin g , except
p i e c i n g o r p a d d i n g - _________ _
M e n ( a l l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) __
C o l l a r s e t t i n g _____ ________— —
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) _____ ________________
M en 4h/
Facing ta c k in g (a ll w om en)
( a l l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _________
F e ll body lining, b o tto m and
s i d e __________ ___ ___ __ __________
W o m e n 4 b / --------- ----------------- __

$3.12
3.04
2.79
3 .0 6
3.34
3. 09
3.41
3.31
3. 48

18
18
18
-

6
6
6
-

24
24
24
-

18
10
10
8
8
-

3 .1 7
3.14

.

_

_

_

99

2.69

-

-

8

-

8

-

-

-

8

8

6

-

75

2.59

-

-

8

-

8

-

-

-

-

8

6

-

130
97
93
33

2.93
2.90
2.90
3.01

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

18
12
12
6

4
4
4
-

-

75

3 .0 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

58
17

3. 11
3.03

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

89
75
14

3 .4 3
3.42
3 .5 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

2
2
-

-

34
68
66
7
59
50
35
7
15
10

3.73
2 .5 7
2.50
2.89
2.45
2.70
2. 51
2 .6 7
3 .1 3
3.23

4
4

-

2
2

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

4
-

.
-

2
-

_
-

2
_

2
-

_
6
6
-

_
_

56
17
88

2.93
2 .8 8
3.24

-

-

-

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

59
29

3 .1 7
3 .4 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
34

26
20
20
6
6
-

12
12
12
-

27
27
27
-

9
9
9
-

73
48
5
43
25
9
16
-

_

_

_

_

102
91
8
83
11
2
9
2
2
2

75
73
5
68
2
2
-

53
35
3
32
18
2
16
-

81
68
9
59
13
13
9
-

162
140
18
122
22
2
20
-

135
118
10
108
17
4
13
6
4

151
99
15
84
52
4
48
4
2

312
22 8
19
209
84
24
60
4
2

326
225
28
197
101
44
57
7
-

_

_

9
9

_

2
2

2
2

2

7

6

6

12

-

10

6

4

6

6

6

-

10

5

4

9
9
9
-

2
2
2
-

8
8
8
_

12
6
6
6

25
15
13
10

9
7
5
2

8

-

14

2

1

15

8

8

_
_

12
2

2
_

1
_

15
_

6
2

6
1

7
1

2
2
-

_

2
2
_

_

6
6
_

3
2
1

10
10
_

1
1
_

28
20
8

2
16
16

12
12

1
1
1

-

_
-

4
_
-

_

3
6
6

5
15
15

_
2
2
-

16
_

12
2
2
2

1
_

_
2
2
2

22
16
_

3
.
_

_

1
2
2
_

-

-

-

7

-

2

-

2

-

1

-

2
2
8

2
8

8
_

4
_
10

2

-

2

-

1

_

8

8

_

194
140
6
134
54
20
34
5
2

138
100
2
98
38
4
34
3
_

90
41
_
41
49
3
46
4
1

200
137
1
136
63
1
62
11
6

77
38
_
38
39
1
38
1
1

48
23
_
23
25
_
25
_
_

50
36
_
36
14
_
14
2
2

3

3

3

5

_

I

.

2

3

_

12

_

_

_

1

2

_

5

_

_

_

10
10
10
_

18
16
16
2

4
3
3
1

6
3
3
3

2
_
_
2

1
_
_
1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

7

8

1

2

_

5

2

_

1
_

2
_

_
_

2
3

2
_

_
_

8
7
1

1
1
_

9
8
1

4
3
1

3
1
2

9
9

_
_
_

6
4
4

_
1
1

_
1
1

1
_
.

3
_
_

1
2
_

_
_

68
_
_

13
3
3
3

4
2
_
_

1
2
2
_

1
_
_
_

_
_
_

3
_
_

1
_
_

_
_
_

_
.
_

11
2
9

_
_
4

_
_
7

2
2
14

3
2
10

1
1
_

8
_
9

2
2
_

_
_
_

_
_
4

8

3

2

6

2

_

8

_

_

4

2

6

5

_

2 23
151
10
141
72
28
44
8
8
8

£

1
26

2.84

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

4

_

2

_

1

_

_

2

6

_

_

_

74
72
36

3.07
3. 06
3.41

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 '

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

2

2

22
22

6
6

6
6

7
5

6

-

8
8

3

-

1
1

6

_
_

7
7

_
_

_
_

_
_

14

3.24
3.51

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

3

3

7

-

1

-

W o m e n (a ll in c e n tiv e
M e n ( a l l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) —.

See

fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le .




22

-

T a b l e 1 9 . O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s : P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J .1 R e g u la r a n d c u ttin g s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
—
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s z o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d

Num ­
ber
of
work-

O ccupation and sex

A verage
"$1760
hourly
mgs

under
$1.65

o c c u p a t io n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u it a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

A p r il 1970)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g ;s o f—
$1.65

$1.70

$1.75

$ 1 . 8 0 T I 7 8 5 "$1.90 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 2 0

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$1.85

and
$1.90 $1.95 $ 2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.3 0 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.40 $4.80 $5.20 o v e r

S elec te d p ro d u c tio n occupations-*—
C o ntinue d
C o at fa b ric a tio n — C ontinued
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5—
C o n tin u e d
57
45
43
1?
10
Join u n d e r c o lla r, join s leev e
l i n i n g , o r p i e c e p o c k e t s _________
W o m e n ________________________ _

M e n ---------------------------------- -----------Tn<~enfive .... .
..........
.
P ad c o lla r and lap e ls
( a ll v i ; n m p n j ^ h /
P o c k e t s e t t i n g a n d t a c k i n g -----------Wr>TTif»n * h / r_................. .
..
M e n 4 b/_,__________________________
S pw d a r t s , r l n t h
...... .. .
W om en (all in ce n tiv e
M/ri-rlrf>r c) . . .
,
Spw

p 'd g p t a p p- ..

............................

$3.30
3.18
3. 21
3.76
3.85

107
90
84
17
13
133
75
58
52

2.79
2.75
2.73
3 .0 1
2.85
3.18
2.96
3.47
3.50

6
6
6

_
_

_

47
23 6
150
86
52

2.67
3.26
3.18
3.42
3.58

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
2

50
63

3.62
3.65

_

41
22
20
95
52
48
43
6
37
116

3.42
4.07
4.16
3,75
3.75
3.80
3.75
2.85
3.90
3 .1 1

_
_

97
19
55

3.05
3.42
2.99

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
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_
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2
2
2

_
_

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1
1
1

_
_
_

4
4
2

_
_
_

24
22
22
2
2

6
1
1
5
3

2
2
2
_
_

9
9
9

2
2

_
18
10
8
8

27
24
22
3
3
11
6
5
1

4
2
2
2
_
25
15
10
8

8
8
6
_
_
5
3
2
2

6
2
2
4
2
8
8
-

2
2
2

_

6
6
6

4
4
4

2
2
2

_
_
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2
2

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2
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11
8
3
3

2
2
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2
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4
4

2
4
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2
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3
3

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12
12

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8
8

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2

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4
4

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4

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6
6
6

4
4
2
_
_
2
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11
3
3
8
8
1
1

2
2

_

_
13
11
2
2

4

1
6
4
2
10

4
9
7
2
3

1
21
3
18
4

15
31
19
12
2

8
39
36
3
5

15
5
10
4

18
10
8
2

1
14
12
2
2

4

8

3
6

4
1

2
3

5
5

4
8

2
7

2
4

6

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3

8

_
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1
1

_
_

_

6
2

2
3
1
1
_

4
3
3
2
2

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1
3
3
2
1
1
1

-

_

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4

1
1
1
_
_
2
_

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-

9
9
9

2
2
2
_
_

3
_
_
3
3

-

-

3
3
3
_
_
19
3
16
16

-

-

_
_
7
1
6
6

17
8
9
-

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-

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2
1
1
1

2
_
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2
2
2
2
2
_
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1
1

-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
10
8
2
8

2
16
5
11
2

-

2
13

2
7

6

78

10
3
3
19
15
15
4

4
3
3
7
3
3
4

-

_

1
1
2

6
2
4
-

_

W om en (all in ce n tiv e
\x;rvrlri=> -p c )

...

__

... .. .

.

I n c e n t i v e ______________ ___ ___
S^w in sl^ ^ v e
...........
W n p p p f)

............

I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------------A/f

Tim ^
I r\r
ve
.
S le e v e m a k i n g , ninth
W o m e n (all in c e n tiv e
\y n p Ir e y a )
M en (all in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) —
T a p e a r m h o l e s --------------------------------W o m e n (a ll i n c e n tiv e
V y/-iylre-p p )

S h ap ers, edge and bottom ,
c l i c k e r m a c h i n e _________ - ________,_______
M en (all in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) —
S h ap ers, edge and bottom ,
h a n d ----------------------------------------------------^ "h /
____
_ _
_ _ __
T a i l o r s , a ll a r o u n d (a ll m en )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) _______ _________________
T h re ad tr im m e r s and b asting
p u l l ° TS
W o m e n 4 b / ----------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s __ - _______________ ___ __
n 4b /
........
...
..... .....

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




2

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_
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_

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2
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-

_
_
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_

10

4

10

_

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3

21

3

21

1
17

_

_
_

2

5

3
6

9
4
9

7
10
16

2
1

_
_
_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

4
11

4
9

8
3

-

8
4

10
1

-

4

-

8
1
-

-

-

4

3
-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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5

-

-

-

-

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-

-

-

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10

-

1

-

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2

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1

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9

14

1

4

_

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2
1

2
2

8
8

-

7
7

6
6

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1

-

4

-

1

-

-

4
4

2
2

-

-

2
2

14

2

3

2

-

3

-

-

-

7
7
44
16

12
12
27
18

3
3
34
22

2
2
23
20

-

2
2
32
30

-

-

-

31
23

6
6

10
9

_

-

-

-

-

-

3.2 1

-

-

-

-

3

2
26
26

18
18

1
1

3
3

_
_

_

_

_
_

_

2
2
6

9
9
10
10

2
2
2
2

27
25
2
2

5
5
16

29
29
7

_

_

20
20
24
24

3
3
6
_

1

1

34
34
9
9

5
5
17
6

15
15
7
6

16
16
27
18

-

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2

4

.

_

_

7
_

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8
8

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1
8

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8
8

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4
2
2
2

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_

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1

9
2
2
7

-

_

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_

3

4
2
2
13

5
3
3
2
2

_

-

_

-

_

-

1

_

2
2
2

-

_

2.3 5
2.35
3.30
3.45

_

4

_

_

_

241
239
385
262

_
_

4
2
2
2
2

6
6
16
8
8
8

-

_

28

_
_
_

_

_
_

_

3.09

_

_

8

8
8
8

_

-

2.99
3.00
2.92
3.54

_
_

8

_
_

-

35

17
8

_
_

_

_
_

_

2

38
37

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

.

-

_

2
2
2

_
_

_

-

37
33

-

T a b le 19. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings: P h ilad elp hia, P a .—N . J . — R e g u la r and cutting sh o p s— C o n tin ued
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s u it a n d c o a t m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s , A p r il 1970)
NumO ccupation and sex

of
workei s

A verage
hourly

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 3

O f ----

$1.60

$1.65

$ 1 .7 0

$1.75

$1.80 $1.85

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 2 0

under
$1.65

$1.70

$ 1. 75

$1.80

$1.85 $1.90

$ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 2 0 o v e r

and

S elected p ro d u c tio n occupations
C o n tin u e d
T ro u s e r fab rica tio n
S ew ing-m achine o p e ra to rs:
A tta c h fly (a ll w om en)
( a l l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) -------A tta c h z ip p e r s (a ll w om en)
( a l l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _____
B a r t a c k i n g ______________________
W o m e n ---------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _________________
Jo in i n s e a m s (14 w om en,
3 m en ) (all in cen tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ---------------------------------P i e c i n g p o c k e t s ------------------------W o m e n (all in c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ___________________
S e w on w a i s t b a n d l i n i n g --------W o m e n (a ll in c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ___________________

18

$3.15

13
20
15
13

3. 06
2. 86
2 .7 0
2 .7 8

17
23

3.03
2.83

21
23

2. 81
3. 16

19

3. 71
2.14
1.97
2 .1 8
3. 02
3 .1 5
3.03
2.59
2.60

26

2.63

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

3 .1 3

38
64
13
51
39
33
27
52
51

4

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2
2

.

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6
4
2

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2
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1
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9
8

2
7

2
3
1
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4
4

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3
3
6
6

8
8
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3
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2
1
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3
3
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5
5
3

4
4
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5

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6
2
2
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5

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1

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5

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-

-

M iscellaneous
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) (a ll m en )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) . . _____________
J a n i t o r s _____________________________
W o m e n (a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) .
M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ____
P a c k e r s -------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------T i m e ______________________
S t o c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s _________
M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----Stock c l e r k s , p ie c e goods
( a l l m e n ) ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----- 1
7
6
5
4
3
2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

1
1
3

-

T h e P h i l a d e l p h i a a r e a c o n s i s t s of P h i l a d e l p h i a a n d D e l a w a r e C o u n t i e s ,
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 5 a t $ 5 . 2 0 t o $ 5 . 60 , a n d 4 a t $ 6 t o
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a t a t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e t h o d o f
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to th o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 5 .2 0 to $ 5 .6 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 7.20 to $ 7.60.




1
1

-

-

22
4
18
-

2

-

-

1
1

1
1

4
4
2
2
6
6

2

3

4

-

P a ., an d C a m d e n C ounty, N .J.
and late shifts.
$ 6.40.
w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s ,

o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .

_

_

-

2

-

_

T a b le 2 0 . O c c u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s: P h ilad elp hia, P a .—N .J .1
----C o n tra c t shops
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
NumO ccupation and se x

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s _____. ______
W o m e n ------- -- --------- ---------------. . .
M e n ______________ _______ ______ .

of
w ork­
ers
4 ,2 8 6
3 ,023
1,2 6 3

A verage
T f X ( T $1.65
hourly
and
earn­
under
in g s 2
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0
$3.06
2.82
3.64

55
53
2

14
12
2

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .7 5

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 . 8 5 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $4 .4 0 $ 4 . 8 0

$5.20

$ 1 .7 5

$1.80

$ 1. 85

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $4 .8 0 $ 5 . 2 0

over

17
12
5

81
64
17

43
34
9

and

64
55
9

53
51
2

50
48
2

208
161
47

164
141
23

27 9
24 2
37

172
155
17

18 8
165
23

21 2
172
40

188
161
27

184
155
29

320
2 44
76

342
265
77

26 6
192
74

255
168
87

2 14
138
76

199
99
100

31 0
130
180

211
64
147

105
22
83

92
20
72

S elected p ro d u c tio n occupations
Coat fa b rica tio n
B a s t e r s , a r m h o l e , h a n d _________ _
W o m e n (all i n c e n ti v e
w o r k e r s ) ___________ ___________
M en (all in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) ..
B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , h a n d ----W o m e n __________________________
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------M e n (all i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
B utton s e w e r s , h and
( a l l w o m e n ) __________________________
I n c e n t i v e ____________________
B uttonhole m a k e r s , hand
(36 w o m e n , 2 m e n ) 3--------- -------------C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d -------------------------W o m e n (all i n c e n tiv e
w o r k e r s ) ---------------. . . ------ M e n (a ll in c e n ti v e w o r k e r s ) . .
F i n i s h e r s , h a n d ------- -------------------- —
W o m e n 3 ------------ -------------------F i t t e r s . . . _______— ---------------- --------—
W o m e n __________________________
I n c e n t i v e ____ ________________
M e n ___ ______ ______ _______ _ —
I n c e n t i v e ------- ----------------------I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ----------------- --------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------P a i r e r s and t u r n e r s (all w o m e n ) ...
T i m e ------- --------------------------i n c e n t i v e . --------------------------P r e s s e r s , finish, hand—
. ---------M en (all i n c e n ti v e w o r k e r s ) . .
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -------------W o m e n --- -----------— ------------------I n c e n t i v e - ---------------------------M e n -------------------------------- ---------I n c e n t i v e - -------------- -----------S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5 -----------W o m e n _ . . . ----------- ----------- —
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------M e n . _ . ------------------------ . . .
T i m e -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------B a s t e e d g e s ------------------------------------W o m e n ______ — ---------------- -I n c e n t i v e --------------------- --------M e n ______________________________
I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------B aste, ju m p -stitch m ach in e ,
a r m h o l e ----------------------------------------W o m e n (all in c e n ti v e
w o r k e r s ) ---------------------------------M e n (all i n c e n ti v e w o r k e r s ) . .

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b l e .




36

3.10

3

1

3

1

1

5

5

2

1

7

2

1

2

2

29
7
62
29
28
33

2.98
3.6 2
3.47
3.33
3.37
3.60

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

3
1
1
1
-

1
4
1
3

3
-

1
2
1
1
1

1
2
2
2
-

_
-

4
1
3
3
3
-

4
1
2
1
1
1

2
5
4
4
1

1
6
2
2
4

4
3
5
2
2
3

2
4
4

1
13
4
4
9

2
7
2
2
5

_
2
2
2

_
2
2
2
-

_
2
2
2
-

33
29

2.63
2.70

2
2

-

-

1
-

-

2
2

_
-

-

3
2

.
-

2
2

5
3

1
1

7
7

1
1

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

2
2

2
2

2
2

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

38
49

2 .7 1
3.25

_
-

1

2
3

2
1

2
2

5
2

5
1

-

3
3

_
8

6
1

6
12

.
5

_
3

_
5

.
1

_

-

1
-

-

-

3
1

_

-

_
-

3

-

-

-

_

1

1

3

1

2

2

1

_

38
38
-

56
55
10
10
2

46
46
-

40
40
2
2
-

38
37
-

60
60
1
1
-

50
50
3
2
2

1
2
59
59
3
1
2
2
6
3
3
3
7

6
2
70
70
2
1
1
1
1
1

1
42
42
2
2
2
1
1

3
9
40
40
6
4
4
2
1
-

.
5
28
28
2
2
2
-

2
1
15
15
2
2
2
-

_
5
5
5
7
7
7
-

.
1
1
1
1
1
1
-

_
6
6
6
-

.
1
1
1
-

6

2

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

7
15
3
3
12
12
157
129
119
28
1
27
1
1
1
-

6
2
1
13
13
10
151
129
129
22
2
20
2
2
2
-

2
7
7
6
151
122
120
29
2
27
5
4
4
1
1

1
1
1
12
12
12
120
85
85
35
2
33
3
3
3

3
1
1
12
12
12
119
90
90
29
2
27
1
1
1

3
3
21
21
21
98
61
61
37
1
36
4
3
3
1
1

2
2
61
1
1
60
60
154
105
105
49
49
3
1
1
2
2

13
13
56
56
56
77
50
50
27
27
3
3
3

16
16
26
26
26
40
19
19
21
21
2
2
2

5
45
27
27
27
35
15
15
20
20
"

.

2.85
3.64
2.64
2.64
3 .1 7
2.38
2.70
4.10
4.17
2.40
2.38
2.36
2.57
2.57
2.37
2.64
4.33
4.72
4.09
2.54
2.57
4.16
4.18
3.25
3.13
3.20
3.66
3.02
3.69
3 .2 7
2.89
2.99
3.73
3.89

10
10
3
3
_
2
_
_
_
5
5
5
_
_
_
-

43

3.24

36
7

3.23
3.27

24
25
728
7 26
59
32
13
27
25
100
93
87
7
68
18
50
50
43
280
13
12
267
263
1 ,638
1,276
1, 177
362
17
345
38
21
19
17
15

8
8
-

-

5
5
-

14
14
3
3
2

15
15
-

13
13
-

12
12
-

24
24
-

39
39
5
5
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
.
9
7
7
2
_
2
-

-

1
1

2
2

-

6
6
6
4
3
1

8
8
7
4
2
2

18
16
15
2
5
3
2

10
10
10
9
2
7

24
23
23
1
5
2
3

20
19
18
1
1
1

1
1
9
5
4

-

_
.
_
.
_
_
_
-

3
2
2
1
1
-

2
2
2
_
8
4
4
4
4
-

_
14
14
10
-

_
15
13
13
2
2
-

4
4
4
45
42
30
3
3
2
2
-

6
2
2
4
4
44
41
30
3
3
2
2
2
-

1
1
82
80
48
2
1
1
2
2
2
-

3
1
1
2
2
37
34
29
3
3
1
1
1
-

5
1
1
4
4
58
52
46
6
6
2
2
2
-

4
1
1
3
3
74
62
48
12
3
9
2
2
-

3
3
3
60
51
49
9
2
7
2
2
2

1
3
3
3
5
1
4
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
76
60
59
16
1
15
1
1
1
-

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

1

1

_

2

1

4

3

1

1

1

3

4

8

3

4

4

2

-

-

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

1

_

1

4

3

1

1

1

2
2

7
1

1
2

4

2

-

-

~

2
1

4

'

1
1

"

"

1
_
_
_
6
4
4
2
_
2
-

2
2
2

.

“

"

~

"

"

T a b le 2 0 .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a rn in g s :

P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . 1
— C e nti act s h o p s — C o ntinu ed

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

Num­
ber
of
work­
er s

Avera ge
$1. 60 t t t t
hourly
and
earn­
u nd er
i ng s 2
$ 1. 6 5 $ 1. 70

id b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

A p r i l 1970)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$ 1. 85

$1. 90 $1 .95 $ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 $2.60 $ 2. 70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.40 $4.80
.0

$5.20

$ 1.75

$1.80

$1.85

$1. 90

$ 1. 95 $ 2.0 $2.10 $ 2.20 $2.30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2.60 $2. 70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.40 $4.80 $5.20
0

ove r

and

S e lec ted pr oduction oc c u p a ti on s— •
Continued
Co at fa br ic ation— Co ntin ued
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5—
Continued
Baste, ju m p -stitch machine ,
_
_
c a n v a s - . _ - _ _______ , ______
W o m e n (al l i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) — ___ ._ . . . _.
M e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) —
Baste, ju m p -stitch machine,
f a c i n g s ____ _ ______ _______
_
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ------- - .........— --------M e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
Baste, jum p -stitch machine ,
l i n i n g s and y o k e s ------- ---------------W o m e n (alt i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) --------------------------------M e n (all incen tive w o r k e r s ) . .
Bo o k e d g e s ( a ll w o m e n ) _ _____
_
_
I n c e n t i v e - _ ___ ___ _____
B ut t on s e w i n g ( a l l w o m e n )3____
B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g ____________
Women (all in cen tiv e
w o r k e r s ) . . . . . __________

63

$3.24

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

3

-

-

-

-

5

2

_

7

9

6

11

2

_

4

5

6

_

1

55

3.29
2.97

-

_

.

-

_

_

2
1

-

.

_

_

5
_

2

7
_

6

6
_

_
.

4
_

5
_

6

3

10
1

2

_

_

_

_

-

2

_

36

3.24

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

1

1

2

6

3

1

2

7

5

-

2

3

-

27
9

3 . 18
3.42

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

1

1

2

4

-

-

-

4
3

3

-

2

2

-

3
-

-

-

2

_

1
1

3
_

_
-

57

3.47

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

4

2

1

1

2

_

3

4

7

1

8

3

1

7

2

2

5

50
7
32
30
36
17

3. 48
3. 39
3. 31
3. 34

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

2

1

1

2

7

2

4

_

4

-

4
4

6
1
1
1

2

7
7

3
-

1

-

4
-

1

_

3
5

5

-

-

-

_

62

1

8

10
7

Co llar preparing, except
p i e c i n g o r p a d d i n g ------------------W o m e n _ _ ______ ________
_ _
I n c e n t i v e ------- ------------------M e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
C o l l a r s e t t i n g ____________ _____
W o m e n _______________ ____
I n c e n t i v e ______ ______ ..
M e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
F a c i n g t a c k i n g _. _____________
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) . . . . . . . . _________
F e l l b od y l i n i n g , b o t t o m and
s i d e --------------------------------------------W o m e n (al l i n c e n t i v e
w orkers)_
_ ._ ___________
J oi n s h o u l d e r , c l o t h _ ________ _
W o m e n (al l i n c e n t i v e
workers)
____ __________
M e n 3------------------- --------------------J oi n s i d e s e a m s . . .
. _______
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) -------- ------ -- _. _____
M e n ( al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
J oi n u n d e r c o l l a r , j o i n s l e e v e
lining, or pi e c e poc k e ts
(all w o m e n ) (al l
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ___________
L i n i n g m a k e r , b od y . .. .
---------W o m e n (al l i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ..... ............... ... ..........
M e n (al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .

S ee fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




2.88
3.63
3.26
4.15

-

-

2

-

2
-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.35

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
29

3.33
3.12

_
-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

4

2

-

-

2

-

_

2

1

2

7

2
2

1
1

1

-

1

-

2

5
4
4

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
?

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
_
-

-

_
_
_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

4
4

-

-

1

1

1
2
1
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

i

2

-

-

-

2

-

2

2

3

-

-

2

-

2

-

-

-

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

3. 51
3. 59

-

_
-

-

-

53

2. 97
3.55

-

-

-

46
7

3.40
4. 49

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

1
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

1

_

1

-

2

..

-

-

-

1

1
1

-

-

1
2

1

-

2

-

2
2
2

6

3
3

4
4

-

\

1
-

3

2
2
1

4

7

2

6
6
1

10

4

-

3
3
7
-

1

2

1

4

-

2

4

4

1

1

2
1

2

4
7

4

1

-

2

3

1

1

2
1
2

7
-

2

1

1
1
2

2
1
4

8

-

2

2

1

2

-

-

-

-

4

4
4

1
2

5

16

8

2

7
5

-

5

5
9

5

3

1

12

3

5

8
1

2

5

1

-

3

1

_

2

_
-

_
_
-

2
2

5
-

1
8
6
6
2
1

2

-

1

-

1

3
3
-

-

2

-

j

2

-

2
6
6

-

2

18

-

-

2
2
1

3
3

-

-

12

1

1
1
1

-

3.15
3.04
3.54

6

_

-

32

30

2

-

1

-

23

_

-

-

2
1

-

-

3.69

8

37
23

_

-

14

19

2

-

14
15

2
1

3
-

-

3.60
3. 57
3. 67
3.69
3.52
3.45
3.54
3.64
3.63

29

-

-

_
-

1
1

1

_

1

-

2
1
1
1

1
«_

1

-

1

-

2
_
-

-

1
2

-

-

2

4

5

2

-

4

5

2
2

-

-

1

2
3

1
1
2

2

-

-

-

1

2

-

2

_

2

2

2

1
1

-

-

-

4

2

-

2
2

-

1

4

11
1

j

6
8

1

!

2
1

-

2
1

2
1

3

4

1

4

1

-

1

-

1

4

1
-

-

1

1

1

1

-

-

72

T ab le 20.

O c c u p a tio n a l earnings:

P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . 1-----C o n t r a c t s h o p s

C o ntinu ed

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1 9 7 0 )
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

of
w orkers

A verage
$1.60
hourly
earnunder
mgs
$ 1 .6 5

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—
$ 1 .6 5

$1.70

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .7 5

$1.80

$1.85

$ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $2.0 0] $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $4 .4 0 $4 .8 0

$5 .2 0

-

$1.80

$1 .8 5

"
"
~
"
~
“
“
“
"
“
"
$ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $4 .8 0 $ 5 .2 0

over

$1 .7 5

-

$1.90

and

S e l e c t e d pro ductio n o c c u pa ti ons—
Continued
C o at fa br ic ation — Continue d
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5—
Continued
P a d c o l l a r and l a p e l s
( a ll w o m e n ) (al l
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ___________
P o c k e t s e t t i n g a nd t a c k i n g _____
W o me n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _________________
M e n (al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) —
S e w d a r t s , c l o t h _______________
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )--------------------------------S e w e d g e t a p e _________________
Women (all incen tive
w o r k e r s )_________________
M e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
S e w i n s l e e v e __________________
Women (all in cen tiv e
w o r k e r s ) --------------------------------M e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h _________
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n (al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
T a p e a r m h o l e s ________________
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) __________________
S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m ,
c l i c k e r m a c h i n e -----------------------------Wo men (all in centive
w o r k e r s ) --------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m ,
ha nd ( a l l m e n ) (a ll
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) -------------------------T a i l o r s , a l l a r o u n d (8 m e n ,
1 w o m a n ) ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s (al l w o m e n )5---------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ----------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------

29
156

$3.36
3.55

59
97
28

3.53
3.57
3.25

26
52

3.30
3.86

.

_

-

-

30
22
70

3.59
4.22
3 .6 7

_

.

-

-

29
41
93
84
82
9
26

3.12
4.05
2.98
2.92
2.95
3.48
3.17

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

23

3. 21

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

.

.

_

.

-

6

5

1
11

_
2
1

4
4

2
-

-

4

_
5
-

4
13
3

6
8
2

6
9
1

7
6
3

5
9
4

4
9
1

7
12
3

1
5
1

3
2
1

4
7
-

1

_
3

2
1

_
1

3
2

2
1

1
5

3
5

4
3

1
7

3
7

1
7

1
3

_
4

2

1

7

4

3
2
7

2
3
1

2
1
4

3
4
6

3
4
11

3
4
8

1
2
4

2
2
3

3
4
15
13
13
2
6

_
1
4
3
3
1

2
2
6
6
6

2
9
3
2
2
1
2

2
6

_
4
1
1
1

_
3
1
1
1

-

-

3

1
5
4
1
1
3
1

2

"

-

3

1

2

2

-

-

_

_

3

_

3

1

1

1

1

-

3

3

4

3

1

1

_

3

1
2
5
5
5

-

-

10
10
10

.

_

4
19

-

_

_
-

2
13

1
3

2
-

_

"

_

4
14

1
-

-

-

-

3
13

1

-

-

-

4
15

_
2
1

_
2
2

-

-

1
14

3

-

-

5
17

-

_

-

2

2
5

-

1

-

.
2

_
-

1
2

_

_

_
-

.
_

8

1
2

2

"

-

2

-

2

-

3

1
1

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

_
-

2
2
2

3
3
3

5
5
3

3
3
3

3
3
3

1
2
3
3
3

1
3
5
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
3
3
1
3

2
2
2

-

-

-

_

-

2

-

-

-

4

2

13
12
12
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

2

-

-

-

2

2

1

5

-

-

-

7

4

-

-

20

3.49

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

3

2

1

3

4

2

2

-

-

6
14
12

2.88
3.76
3.73

.
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

1
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

1
_

_
-

1
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
3
3

_
2
2

1
-

2
1
1

_
4
2

.
2
2

_
2
2

.
-

_
-

-

-

8

3.56

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

2

-

1

-

2

1

-

9

2.77

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18 8
22 6
37
33
189
184

2.32
3.44
2.76
2.84
3.57
3.62

5
1
1
1
_

_
_
_

2
_
_
_

9
-

5
-

"

~

"

'

~

"

12
4
1
1
3
3

10
3
2
2
1
1

11
7
1
1
6
6

10
10
6
6
4
4

11
24
1
1
23
23

9
20
1
1
19
19

2
22
2
2
20
20

4
14
2
2
12
12

_
20
1
1
19
19

_
17
2
2
15
15

1
33
1
1
32
32

.
11
1
1
10
10

_
9
1
1
8
8

_
6

-

22
6
4
2
2
2

12
-

_
_

12
12
5
5
7
2

22
2

-

12
3
3
1
_

4
-

_
_

13
2
2
2
_

12
24
20

5.39
2.17
2.18

1

1

4

86

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

9

3

10
8

1
1

-

3

1
1

83

2.04

2

8

14

1

7

4

-

_
-

-

_
2
2

-

_
"

-

6
6

M iscellaneous
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) ( a ll m e n )
(a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------------J a n i t o r s -----------------------------------------------M e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s (al l m e n )
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------------- 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

5

10

8

4

2

-

17

T h e P h i l a d e l p h i a a r e a c o n s i s t s o f P h i l a d e l p h i a and D e l a w a r e C o u n t i e s , P a . , and C a m d e n C o u n t y , N . J .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a nd l at e s h i f t s .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t , p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 3 at $5.20 to $5.60, and 2 at $ to $6.40.
6
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e s ho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $5.20 t o $ 5. 60 .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $5.60 t o $6.
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 2 at $5.20 to $5.60; 2 at $5.60 t o $6 and 2 at $6.80 to $ 7.20.
;




1

-

T a b le 21.

O c c u p a tio n a l earnings:

R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . !— A ll s h o p s

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1 9 7 0 )
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
age
of
hourly
work- earnci s

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s --------------------W o m e n __________________ ______
M e n _________________________ _

3,999
2, 558
1, 4 4 1

$ 3. 2 0
2.96
3. 62

$ 1.7 5

$ 1 .8 0

$1.85 $1.9 0

u nd er
$ 1 . 7 5 $ 1 . 80

-

-

$1.85

$1.9 0

$1.9 5

$ 1.70

16
314
2

27
24
3

6
6

10
8
2

$1.95
-

2
2
18
4

$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2.60$ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 8 0 $ 3 .00 1 1 7 2 0 $3740 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4. 00 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4. 40 $4.60" $ 4 . 8 0 $"5.00
0
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

-

$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2.60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 80 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 80 $ 4. 00 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4. 40 $ 4. 60 $4. 80 $5 .00 o v e r
0

16
16
-

96
83

1
3

97
92
5

1 19
103

16

199
146
53

163

121
42

124
104

2
0

179
153
26

194
150
44

373
312
61

419
32 7
92

385
283

10
2

360
224
136

334
163
171

291
99
192

225
49
176

161
36
125

64

16

48

49
5
44

32

2

30

38
4
34

S e l e c t e d pr oduction oc cupa tio ns
Cutting
Cutters,

c l o t h (a ll m e n )

Cutters,

l i n i n g ( a ll m e n )

C u t t e r s a nd m a r k e r s ,

10

I n c e n t i v e ____________ ____

3. 81

2

2

5

161

cloth

4.31

30

11
10

10
10

9

145

4.27
4. 29

144

3. 25

1

_

_

_

1

_

3

1

1

4

3

3. 01
2. 92
2. 92

1

-

-

1
1
1
1

-

2
2
2

3

4
15
15
15

_

6
6
6

1
11
11
11

1

_

-

_

_

_

1

2
10
10
10
1

-

-

_

_

-

_

.

-

1

1

_

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

2

4

4

4

4

-

4
32
31
31

-

_

-

2
31
29
29
2
2

4
26
26
26

-

3
-

2
1
1
1

4

5
5
5

1
4
4
4

-

-

-

1
1
2

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

2

Y

7

7

13
13

13

2

c

9

10
8

12

9

11

X

2 7

2
2

21
21

a

425

15

12

9

24

C o at fa bric ation
B a s t e r s , ex c e pt a r m h o l e , h a n d _
_
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ______________ __
F i n i s h e r s , h a n d __________________
W o m e n __________________
I n c e n t i v e - - . , . ___________
F i t t e r s __________________ _________
W o m e n (al l i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _________________
Inso ectors, final.
. _
_
. _ _
_ _
M e n ' a / _______________ __ _
_
P a i r e r s and t u r n e r s ____________ _
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) __________________
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 6______
W o m e n _________ ________ . . .
I n c e n t i v e ________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
B a s t e e d g e s ________________ _
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )__________________
Baste, ju m p -stitch machine,
a r m h o l e ( a ll w o m e n )
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
Baste, ju m p-stitch machine,
c a n v a s ______________________ _
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e — ______________
B aste, ju m p -stitc h machine,
f a c i n g s ( a ll w o m e n )
( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
Baste, jum p-stitch machine,
l i n i n g s and y o k e s ____________
W o m e n ( al l i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ______ ___________
B o o k e d g e s ( a ll w o m e n )
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . . . ____
B u t t o n s e w i n g (a ll w o m e n )
( a l l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g ____________
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )__________________

8
8
289
273
272

2.92

21

3.14

15
42
27

2.99
2. 87

74

3.0 9
2 .8 2

62
934
779
776
155
152
23

2 .8 4
3.08
2. 9 7
2.97
3. 64
3 .6 5
3.07

22

19
19
19
_
_

3 .0 5

2

-

2
16
16
16

2
2
2
-

3

3

-

48
47
47

1
1
1

7

5
18
18
17

4
28
24
24

2

1

10

17

18

16

14

7

15
36
34
34
3

14
35
33
33
3

11

6
21
21
21
2

8

3

3
13
13
13

2
2
18
18

1

2
1
1
6

3

1

1

2

1

1
47
44
44
3
3

-

50
45
45
5
4
3

15
-

5

30
29
29

1

1
2

32

30
30
2
2

1

_

_

4

4

2

1
1

9
7
79
76
76
3
3

2

13
104
90
90
14
14

2

1

2

-

3

2

2

2

5

2

1

1

1

_

_

_

7
7
7
5

4
9
9
9
_

4
4
4
_

3
3
3

_
_
_

_

1
1
1

_

_
_
_
_
_

_

3

„

_

_

_

_

_

7

7

5

1

_

_

_

_

7
118
104
104
14
14
3

5
87
69

5
94
61
59
33
33
_

_

1

_

_

_

-

49
35
35
14
13
_

38
19
19
19
19
_

27

4

5

2

_
_
W
_
_

_

40
36
36
3

1
8
8

6
8
18
17
3

3

2

_

_

11
11
16
16
3

3
3
_

_

3




a t end

of ta b le .

1
1

4
4

.
_

2

_

2
„

1
1
1

_

_

!
23

3.22

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

1

-

-

2

2

5

2

2

3

4

1

1

_

30
29
26

2.83
2. 81

_

-

_
_
_ i

_
_

3
3
3

1
1
1

3
3
3

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

2

7
7
7

_
_

3
3
3

1
1

4
4

_

2

_
_
_

_

2
2

2
2
2

1

-

_
-

2.72

_
_
-

_

_
_
_

13

3.12

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

_

1

_

-

2

1

2

3

_

1

_

35

2 . 97

-

.

-

-

2

_

_

4

-

2

-

2

3

1

3

1

8

3

5

_

34

2 . 97

-

-

-

-

2

_

-

4

-

2

_

2

3

1

3

-

8

3

5

_

_

23

3. 05

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

2

_

-

1

3

1

1

2

2

4

5

1

1

_

15
28

2. 93
2. 59

_
_

_
_

-

-

_
_

_
_

1

3

1

_

2

-

6

1

1

5

_
_

2

4

_
3

5

_

_

1
2

_
_

_
_

27

2.60

4

3

3

5

-

1

_

3

2

3

2

5

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
„

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

2
'

S e e fo o tn o te s

1
1

_

T a b l e 21.
(N u m b e r and

O c c u p a tio n a l earnings:

R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . 1— All s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d

: r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 19 70 )
Num-

O c c u p a t i o n and s e x

Aver-

of
hourly
w ork- earnei &
mgs

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1.70

$ 1.7 5

$ 1 .8 0

$1.85

$ 1 .9 0

u nd er
$ 1. 75 $ 1 . 8 0

"

-

-

$1.85

$1.90

$ 1 .9 5

$ 1.9 5
"

$ 2 0$ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2 . 5 0 $2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3. 2 0 $ 3. 40 ■ $1760" $3. 80 $4. 00 $ 4. 20 $4. 40 $4. 60 $ 4 . 8 0 $5 .00
.0
-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2 . 30 $2. 40 $ 2. 5 0 $ 2. 60 $ 2. 7 0 $ 2. 80 $ 3. 00 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3. 40 $ 3 .6 0 $3. 80 $ 4. 00 $ 4. 2 0 $ 4. 40 $ 4. 60 $4. 80 $5 .00 o v e r
0

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s ---Continued
C o at fa br ic ation— Continued
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 6—
Continued
J o i n s h o u l d e r , c l o t h __________
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _________________
J o i n s i d e s e a m s _______________
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )__________________
Join u n d e r c o l l a r , join s l e e v e
lining, or pi e c e poc kets
(a ll w o m e n ) (al l
in c entive w o r k e r s )
P o c k e t s e t t i n g and t a c k i n g
_
_
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )__________________
M e n _______________________
I n c e n t i v e ____
__________
S e w d a r t s , c l o t h (a ll w o m e n )
fall i n rprifi v p wnrVpr«?'l

25

$3.36

-

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1

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2

3

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1

1

4

2

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21

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-

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_
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2

1

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3

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1

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15

3.27
3.03

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14

3. 05

-

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1

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2

3

2

2

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2.66

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2

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-

1

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3

6

5

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12

12

15

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12

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2
2

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2

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3. 46

11

10

2

3

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51
72
70

3.13
3.69
3.69

-

2

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1

3

3

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4
7
7

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10

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2

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3. 49

_

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3.36
3. 59
3 . 73
3.04

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4

14
123

S e w e d g e t a p e _____________
23
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
_
w o r k e r s ) _________ ___ _
17
S e w in s l e e v e _________________
45
M e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) . .
27
S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h __________
41
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )_ _______________
37
T a p e a r m h o l e s (al l w o m e n )
fal l IT PPTI'l'ivP 'WDTlcfsTC
l
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18
S h a p e r s , e d g e and b o t t o m ,
ha n d (3 w o m e n , 3 m e n ) 5 / ------- _
b
6
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s _________________________
109
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ........
1 07
U n d e r p r e s s e r s __________________
308
M e n _______________________ • 307
306
I n c e n t i v e ________________

-

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2
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1

4
4

1
1

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15

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3. 24
2. 5 4

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6

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3.67
3.67
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6
2
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5
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23
23
23

19
19
18

54
54
54

48
48
48

64
63
63

41
41
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18

.

-

T r o u s e r fa br ic ation
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l _________________
W omen5
b/__ ______________
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h (a ll m e n )
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 6______
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) __________________

13
9
24
230

4.07
3.41

206

3. 40
3.1 4

2
2

2. 89
2.89

11

2
_

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33

27

26

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31

25

23

19

21

11

12

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l

W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
9
B a r t a c k i n g (a ll w o m e n )
(a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _ _ -----_
J o i n i n s e a m s (5 w o m e n , 3
m e n ) ( a ll i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s )_ _
_
J o i n o u t s e a m s -----------------------------W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s )_________________

S e e fo o tn o te s




at end

of ta b le s .

3. 30

8
13

3.37
3. 58

12

3. 62

-

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-

-

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T a b le 21.

O c c u p a tio n a l earnings:

R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . 1— A ll s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d

( N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
NumO c c u p a t i o n and s e x

3 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s ui t and c oa t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)

Aver-

of
hourly
w o r k - ea rnex s

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1. 70 T l . 7 5

"$ 1.80

u nd er
$ 1. 75 $ 1 . 80

-

-

-

$ 1 . 85

$ 1. 90

$1.9 5

$ 1. 85

$1.9 0

$ 1.95
-

$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 3 0 $ 2. 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2. 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $2. 80 $ 3. 00 $ 3. 2 0 $ 3. 40 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 T l o o $4. 20 $4. 40 $4. 60 $4. 80 $5.00
0
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

$ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 3 0 $ 2. 4 0 $ 2. 5 0 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2. 80 $3. 00 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3. 4 0 $3. 60 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4. 00 $ 4. 2 0 $4. 40 $ 4. 60 $4. 80 $5.00 o v e r
0

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c up a ti on s -—
Continue d
T r ou se r fabricat ion— Continued
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 6—
Continue d
J oi n s e a t s e a m s (4 m e n ,
2 w o m e n ) (a ll i n c e n t i v e
workers i
M a k e p o c k e t s _________________
W o m e n (a ll i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) _________________
P i e c i n g p o c k e t s (a ll w o m e n )
fal l i n r p n t i v p w n r k p r R )
S e r g i n g (al l w o m e n ) (a ll
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r si
S t i t c h p o c k e t s _________________
W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t i v e
workers')
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s ( al l w o m e n ) ( al l
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _ _ ________
U n d e r p r e s s e r s (all m e n )
(al l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ____ _____

6
30

3.45

11

2.90
2. 92

_

12

3.00

-

-

-

_

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1

2

4

4

6

3

2

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2

4

2

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4

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3

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2

3

2

2

1

1

3 . 72

15
13

1

1

$3.61
3.44

1
1

34

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2. 76

32

2
2

3. 53
2.35
2. 35
3. 07
3.00

14
18
27

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2.40
2. 41

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52
51
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2

Miscellaneous
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) (al l m e n )
la 1 t i m e w o r k e r s 1
1
J a n i t o r s ____ ____ __________
_
_
M e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s )______
P a c k e r s ( a ll m e n ) ________________
T i m e _ ...
S t o c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s (a ll m e n )
(al l t i m e w o r k e r s ) _________ ___ _
W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s __ _____ _________
M e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s )______

1
1
-

1
1

2
2

_

1
1

_
'

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

_

2
2
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42
41

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17
7

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11
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T h e R o c h e s t e r S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of L i v i n g s t o n , M o n r o e , O r l e a n s , a n d W a y n e C o u n t i e s .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n c l u d e s 5 w o r k e r s a t $ 1 .6 0 t o $ 1.6 5.
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s follow s:
11 at $ 5 to $ 5 . 2 0 ; 5 a t $ 5 . 2 0 t o $ 5 . 4 0 ; 3 a t $ 5 . 4 0 t o $ 5 . 6 0 ; 4 a t $ 5 . 6 0 t o $ 5 . 8 0 ;
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a t a t o w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s ,
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s 3 w o r k e r s a t $ 1 . 6 0 t o $ 1.6 5.




“

_

and 2 at $ 5 .8 0 to $ 6 .
o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .

1
“

1
1
_

1
“

-

-

T a b l e 2 2 . O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s : S t . Louis, M o . — III.1 All s h o p s
—
(N u m be r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y ea rning s

2 of

w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s ui t and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o ii r l y e a r n i n g s o f—

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk er s

A v e rage
h o u rly
ea rn in g s 2

1 ,0 9 2

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

$ 2 .5 2
2 .3 8
3 .1 9

77
70
7

10
10

_
_
_
_
_
_

10

3 .7 7
3 .7 2
2 .9 4
2 .7 5
2 .8 3
3 .2 6
2 .2 3
3 .6 6
2 .0 9

16
9
61
58
23

2 .2 8
2 .4 4
2 .4 4
2 .4 8
2 .3 0

899
193

$ 1 .6 0 ' $ 1 .6 5
and

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .7 5” $ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .8 5

$ 1 .9 0 ' $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 .0 0

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .7 5

$ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5

$ 1 .9 0

$ 1 .9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 .0 0 o v e r

$ 1 .6 5

and

32
31

28
26

28

45
40
5

37
34
3

33
32

104
94

58
56

57
51

1

10

2

6

1

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22
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3
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3
4
4

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51
47
4

142
125
17

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4
3
5

68

60
54

8

6

1
1

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76

66

48
18

55
29
26

22
12

16

18

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10

8

2

28
5
23

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10

10

9
7

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3

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20

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30

S e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s
C u tt i n g
21
20
10
10
6

W o m e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------S p re a d e rs

(6

w om en, 4 m e n )4 a / „ —

25
7
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C o a t f a b ric a tio n
B u tt o n s e w e r s , h a n d
Inr-priH
F i n i s h e r s , h a n d ( a ll w c m ^ 1 )
'1
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I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ( a l l w rvm pn) ....
In c e n tiv e
......
P a ir e r s and tu rn e rs
(^1
f
............... ......
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , T n a r h i n p __
W o m e n ----------------------------------------In rp nH vp ,
In c e n tiv e .
_ .
S e v 'i n g - m ^ e h i n e n p p r a t n r s ®
r>-pp p*n ....
_ ______
J p rp n t.i v p
B a s t e e d g e s ( a ] l w r im p n )
Ine<=in t i v e
B a s te , j u m p - s titc h m a c h in e ,
a r m h o le ( a ll w o m e n ) ( a ll
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ----------------------B a s te , j u m p - s titc h m a c h in e ,
r ? riy a c (a 11 w nm PTlJ
__
_
In c e n tiv e
B a s te , ju m p - s titc h m a c h in e ,
f a c i n g s ( a l l w c m e n ) ....
J n r p n t i v p ..
__
B a s te , ju m p - s titc h m a c h in e ,
lin in g s a n d y o k e s ( a ll w o m e n ) —
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------B o o k e d g e s (a ll w o m en )
( a ll in c e n tiv e
«)
B u tto n h o le m a k in g W o m e n ______________ - ___________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------C o lla r p re p a r in g , e x c e p t
p ie c in g o r p a d d in g ( a ll
w o m en ) ( a ll in c e n tiv e

20

2.1 2

33

2 .1 5
2 .5 2

10

18
55
21
20

34
33
425
423
394
13
12

2 .3 2
3 .5 9
2 .7 3
2 .7 6
4 .1 2
4 .1 3
2 .5 0
2 .5 0
2 .5 2
2 .8 1
2 .8 4

1

7
7

_
_
_
_
_
_

2

_
_

_
_
_

2
2

2

5
5
4

_

_
_

1
1

_
_

9
9
9
_
_

-

1

-

-

40
40
37

4
4

1
2

8
8
6




-

10
11
10

2 .7 1
2 .7 6

_
_

_

-

-

_

_

20

2 .5 4
2 .4 7

1
1

-

-

1

1

1
1

7
_
_

9
9
7
_
_

9
9
9
_

31
31
29

"

-

"

24
24
23

~

10
10

1

10

2 .6 5
2 .4 3
2 .3 5
2 .4 9

2 .8 4

13

1
1

2

1
1

-

1
1
1
1

-

1

8

2

1

2
2

1
1

5
4
4

4
3
3

-

1
1

-

2
2

69
69
64

36
35
35

2
1

1

_
-

-

1

2

2

29
29

20

19

20

1

-

26
-

1

-

-

2

2

1

2

1
1

12

3
3
-

1

32
32
31

-

1
1

4

1

2

1
1

4
4
4
16
15
15

2

28
28
27
-

18
18
18
-

-

2
2

1
1
1

2

“
2

-

-

2

"

2
2

-

_
-

_
-

_
■
_
-

1
1

-

"

'
_
-

~

-

1

2
2

1

1

3

2

2

2.8 8

2 .9 6
3 .0 1

17

7
7
-

3

15
11

10

7
7
3
3

1

_
_

1
1

1
1

1
1

5
5

1

1

9

See f o o tn o t e s a t e nd of t a b l e .

1

1
1

1
1

_
-

1
1

3
3

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

"

~
-

“
-

-

“
-

"
-

~

1

.

_

1

1

1

1

-

1
1

-

1
-

-

2
2

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

1
1

1
1

~

5
4

2
2

2

1

1

2

1

"

"

"

1

1

-

1
1

1

2
2
2

2
1
1
1

3
3
3

-

2

1

1
1

1

-

1

1
1
1

1
1
1

1

1

2
1
1

1

1

1

1

1

.

T a b le 2 2 .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a rn in g s : St. Louis, M o . —III.1 A ll s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d
—

( N u m b e r a nd a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s and b o y s '
NumO c c u p a t i o n a nd s e x

Aver-

of
workcl s

hourly
earn-

su it and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

A p r i l 1970)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t b me h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$1.60

$1.65

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1.7 5

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 . 8 5 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $ 3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80' $4.00 $4.20 "$4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00
0

u nder
$1.65

$ 1 .7 0

$1.75

$ 1 .8 0

$1.85

$ 1 .9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4. 20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 o v e r
.0

and

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s ---Continued
C o at fa br ic ation — Continued
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5—
Continued
C o l l a r s e t t i n g ( a l l w o me n )
( a l l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
F e l l b o d y l i n i n g , b o t t o m and
s id e ( a l l w o m e n ) _____________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
J oi n s h o u l d e r , c l o t h ( a l l
women) (all inc en tiv e
J oi n s i d e s e a m s ( a l l w o me n )
( a l l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
J oi n u n d e r c o l l a r , j oi n s l e e v e
l i n i n g , or p i e c e p o c k e t s ( a l l
w o me n ) ( a l l i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) -------------------------------------Lining m a k e r , body
(all w o m e n )
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------P a d c o l l a r and l a p e l s ( a ll
women) (all inc en tiv e
w orkers)

P o c k e t s e t t i n g and t a c k i n g
( a l l w o m e n ) _________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________
Sew d a r t s , cloth (all women)
( a l l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) _______
S e w e d g e t a p e ( a l l w o m e n ) _____
I n c e n t i v e ________________
S e w i n s l e e v e --------------------------------Wom en (all inc en tive
w o r k e r s ) --------------------------------S le eve m a k in g , cloth
( a l l w o me n )---------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------Men 4
b/-------------------------------------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s and b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s ( a l l w o me n ) ( a l l
i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) ______________
U n d e r p r e s s e r s ___________________
W o m e n ____________________
I n c e n t i v e ________________

15

$ 2. 49

17
15

2. 45
2. 43

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

_

_

4

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

1

2
2

1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

1

2

1

_

_

_

_

1

2

1

_
_

_
_

1
1

1

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

2

_

1

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

.

2
2

1
1

_
_

1

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

1

_

2

_
_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

1

2

18

2. 79

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

6

1

1

13

2
2

2
1

2

2

-

1
1

1

12

2. 34
2. 39

.

_

2

2

1

10

2. 28

1

1

1

1

26
23

2. 52
2. 58

2
1

1
1

3
3

2
2

2

_

3
3

3
3

_

1

2
2
2

_
_
_

2
1

1

_

1

1

4

1
1
1

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

2
0

2. 70
2.65
2. 76
2. 67

2

1

19

2. 67

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

2

1

1

1

3

1

23

2.45
2.48
3.35
3.46

2
2

-

-

-

-

2
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

3
3

_

_

4
4

3

8
8
7

2
2
7
6

17
52
40
37

2.11

1
3

2

_

1
-

1

1

3

1

.

-

_

>

_

-

-

1
2
2

3

1

-

1

2. 72

~

1

2
2

_

"

'

1

1

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

5
4
4
3

1
1
1
1

2
1

-

3
3
3

-

1
1

2
2

1

4

1

_
_
_
_

1

4

1

_

1

2
2

_

_
_

1

_
_

1
1

1

1
1

_

_

2

_

1

2

-

_

_

5
5
5

5
3
3

5
5
5

6
5
5

2
2
2

1

_

_

1

_

_

_

1

2

_

2.6
6

2.83

1

-

_

1

-

-

_

_

-

1

_

_
_

1

2
-

-

_

_
_

_

2.48
2 . 97

-

_

_

1

6

1

_

1

6

_

1

1

3

~

_
_
_

1

1

1
1

2

1

1
1

1

I

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

3

3
1
1

2
2
2

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
1
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_

1
1

5
3

_

_
_
_
_

1

_

1

_
_

_
_

_

-

1

-

2
1
1

_

1

1

_

3
1

M iscellaneous
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) ( a l l me n)
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) _______
_____
Jan itors

M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) . ____
Stock c l e r k s , pi ec e goods (all
m e n l (al 1 t i m e w o r k e r s )

W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s ( a l l w o me n )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------------------------

1
1

3
4
5

6
18
14

3. 53
1. 87
1.90

7

2 0
.0

1

3

3

2

2

2
2

_

6
6

“

1

~

3

2

“

3

2.58

12

1

2

"

1

T h e St. L o u i s S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s of the c i t y of St. L o u i s ; F r a n k l i n , J e f f e r s o n , St. C h a r l e s , and St. L o u i s C o u n t i e s , M o . ; and
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ibu ted a s follows:
3 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 2 0 ; 1 a t $ 5 . 4 0 to $ 5 . 6 0 ; and 1 a t $ 6 . 8 0 to $ 7 .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d at a to w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , or (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a dd i ti on to t h o se shown s e p a r a t e l y .




M a d i s o n and St. C l a i r C o u n i t e s , 111.

T a b le 23.

O c c u p a tio n a l earnings:

S o u t h e r n N e w J e r s e y — All s h o p s

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s an d b o y s ' s u i t an d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

O ccupation and sex

A i l p r o d u c t i o n w u i k e r s ----------------------- 3, S50
W o m e n ---------------------------------------------- 2 , 7 6 1
1, 08 9

A verage
hourly
earn­
ings 2
$2.84
2 .6 1
3 .4 2

A p ril

1970)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of —
$1.60
and
under
$ 1.65
174
147
27

$1.65

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$1.90

$2.00

$2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80

$ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5 .6 0 $ 6 . 0 0

$1.70

$1.75

$1.80

$1.90

$2.00

$2.10

$2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00

$ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5 . 6 0 $ 6 .0 0 o v e r

100
78
22

111
89
22

381
324
57

22 8
189
39

and

43
38
5

60
36
24

143
109
34

173
139
34

133
1 15
18

183
150
33

205
174
31

162
125
37

148
119
29

248
184
64

22 8
179
49

216
177
39

161
118
43

113
63
50

178
70
108

157
77
80

130
35
95

58
11
47

37
4
33

34
2
32

46
9
37

S elec te d pro d u c tio n occupations
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , c lo th (all m en )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------C u t t e r s , lining (all m e n )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ____________________
C u t t e r s a n d m a r k e r s , c l o t h ------------M e n 3 a / ___________________________
S p r e a d e r s (all m en)
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ____________________

1

22

4.22

17
71
69

4.26
4.54
4.55

-

-

12

2.80

-

-

-

52
B a s t e r s , a r m h o l e , h a n d -------------------50
W o m e n ----------------------------------------16
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------38
B a s t e r s , e x c e p t a r m h o l e , h a n d -------W o m e n ___________________________
19
18
I n c e n t i v e _____________________
B utton s e w e r s , h an d ,
10
( a l l w o m e n j ^ b / . ----------------------------------15
C o l l a r s e t t e r s , h a n d --------------------------14
W o m e n ___________________________
12
I n c e n t i v e _____________________
172
F i n i s h e r s , h a n d ----------------------------------170
W o m e n ----------------------------------------20
T i m e __________________________
150
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------JTi f f r*«
.. ___
_____
45
24
W o m e n ___________________________
17
T i m e __________________________
21
M e n ---------------------------------------------12
T i m e __________________________
9
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------1 83
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ---------------------------------1 68
W o m e n ___________________________
155
T i m e __________________________
13
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------15
M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------------54
P a i r e r s a n d t u r n e r s ---------------------------50
W o m e n ----------------------------------------25
T i m e --------------------------------------P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e ---------------199
197
M e n ______________________________
194
I n c e n t i v e _____________________
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5-------------- 1 , 6 7 9
W o m e n -------------- --------------------------- 1, 570
238
T i m e ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------- 1, 332
109
M e n ---------------------------------------------23
T i m e ----------- ---------------------------86
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------33
B a s t e e d g e s ( a l l w o m e n ) ---------------28
In‘c e n t i v e -------------------------------B aste, ju m p -stitch m a c h in e ,
46
a r m h o l e -----------------------------------------44
W o m e n ----------------------------------------42
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------

2.34
2.32
2.86
3.13
2.90
2.95

.

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

_

2
2

_

2
2

12
12

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
2

2

18
18
2
2
2
2

1
1
1

-

-

3
3
3
1

-

4

-

2

-

1
1

2

4
4
4

2
2
2
2
2
2

6
2
2

3
3
3
2
1
1

1
1
1
4
2
2

_

3

_

_

_

.

4

1

.

.

2

14
42
40

_

_

_

_

5
5

5
5

2
2

2
2

2
7
7

1
8
48

14

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_

-

2
2
2

-

3

1
1
1

3

_
_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
1

_

*

_

2

_

_

_

Coat fabrication

See

fo otn otes




at

end

of table,

2.75
2.36
2.34
2.41
2.54
2.53
2.10
2.59
2.77
2.20
2.16
3.42
2.85
4.17
2.14
2 .0 6
2.03
2 .4 0
3.02
2.23
2.25
2.07
4.41
4.41
4.44
2.86
2.81
2.16
2 .9 Z
3.56
3 .0 8
3 .6 9
2.75
2.90
3.18
3.20
3 .2 6

1
1

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

"

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

2
2

_
_

2
2

13
13

5
5

_

-

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

5
3
3
3

2
2
2
27
27
14
13
8
8
6

_

_

_
_
_

3
3
1
2

1
1
_

2

13

_

_

_

_

_

1
3
3
3
10
10
2
8
3
1
-

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2
2
2
1
1

2
1
1
1
3
3

_

_

_

2
2
2
11
11

_
_

-

13
13

-

-

-

3

11
4
4
4

13

_

4

4
3
.

1
1
_

1

_

_

11
11

14
13

3
3

3
2

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

11
3
1
1
2
2

10
4
2

7
3

13
5

3

2

2

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

■

3
3

5
3
2
2

-

-

-

2
2

-

4

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
6

4
4
4

11
11
11

9
9
9

14
14
14

_

-

-

-

11
11
8
3

7
7
3
4

5

_

19
19
18
1

4
4
4

_
_

63
63
61
2

6
6
2

2
2

1
1

1

3
3

_
_
_

16
14
14

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

71
71
27
44

21
21
12
9

26
25
7
18
1

29
29
13
16

_

_
_
_

15
13
8
5
2
2

_

1
1
1

_
_

98
94
45
49
4
2
2
1
-

6
5
3
1
1
1
71
69
17
52
2
2

_

56
51
21
30
5
2
3
4
-

3
3
3
2
2
2
78
78
21
57

2
2

_
_
_
_

1
1
1

4
3
2
1
1
4
4

1
1

5

-

4

_
_

_
_

2
2

_

_

-

-

_
_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_

_

1
1
1
1
1

5

_
_
_
_

_
_

-

-

1
1
1

_
_

-

_

5
5
5
59
57
5
52
2

_

97
96
13
83
1

_

20
20
3
17

1
1
1
11
11

_

1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
7
7

-

2
2
2
10
10

1

7
7
7

-

_
_

4

3
1
1
_
_
_

1
1
1
116
110
14
96
6

-

1
1
1
76
70
5
65
6

-

-

-

4
2
2

4

8
2
1
1
6
1
1

2
2

-

-

2
1
1
1

2
2
2

_
_
_

82
82
3
79
_
_

-

-

7
7
6
128
1 18
7
1 11
10

7
7
7
138
128
10
118
10
5
5
4
4

_

_

-

_

_

2
2
2

1
4
4

6

6

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

10
2
2

2
2
2

2
2
2

3
3

.

5

2

_

5

_

3

-

5

2
2
2

-

2

1
2
2

4
4

4
140
137
3
134
3
_

3
5
5
12
12
12

2
1
1

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

3

I

-

-

-

12
12
12
1 12
101
5
96
11
6
5
1
1

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

31
31
31
71
64
1
63
7

46
46
46
32
26

16
16
16
16
10

23
23
23
6
4

10
10
10
6
2

13
13
13
12
8

-

15
15
14
57
51
1
50
6
1
5
1
1

4
2
2
66
55

1
1
1

2
2
2

-

55
11
2
9
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

26
6

10
6

4
2

2
4

4

8

-

-

-

-

-

7

6
1
1

6

2

4

1
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

_

_

3

"

2
2
2

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

'

'

T a b le 2 3.

O c c u p a t io n a l earn ing s:

S o u t h e r n N e w J e r s e y 1 A ll s h o p s — C o n t i n u e d
—

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s L of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
Num-

A ver-

of
workei s

O ccupation and sex

$1.60
hourly
earnunder
ings
$ 1 .6 5

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—
$ 1 .6 5

$1.70

$1.75 $1.80

$1.90

$2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40

$ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 6 0

$ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5 .6 0 $ 6 .0 0

$1.70

$1.75

$ 1 .80 $1.90

$2.00

$2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50

$ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 . 8 0

$ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5 . 6 0 $ 6 . 0 0 o v e r

and

S elec te d p ro d u c tio n o cc u p a tio n s —
C o n tin u e d
C o a t f a b r i c a t i o n ---- C o n t i n u e d
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5—
C ontinued
B a s te , ju m p -s titc h m ac h in e ,
c a n v a s ______________________________
W o m e n ----------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _____________________
B aste, ju m p -stitc h m a c h in e ,
f a c i n g s -------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e _____________________
B a ste , ju m p -stitc h m ac h in e ,
l i n i n g s a n d y o k e s _________________
W o m e n ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------B o o k e d g e s __________________________
W o m e n ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e _____________________
B u t t o n s e w i n g ( a l l w o m e n ) -----------I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------B u t t o n h o l e m a k i n g _________________
W o m e n ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------C o lla r p r e p a r i n g , except
p iecing o r padding
( a l l w o m e n ) _________________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------C o l l a r s e t t i n g ______________________
W o m e n ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------F a c i n g t a c k i n g ( a l l w o m e n ) _______
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------F ell body lining, bo tto m and
s i d e ( a l l w o m e n ) __________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------Jo in s h o u ld e r, cloth
w n m f*n\
Tn r p n t i v p
J o i n s i d e s e a m s -----------------------------W o m e n ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e _____________________
Jo in u n d e r c o lla r , join s le e v e
lining, o r p iec e po ck ets
( a l l w o m e n ) ________________________
I n c e n t i v e _____________________
L i n i n g m a k e r , b o d y _______________
W o m e n ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------P a d c o l l a r a n d l a p e l s -------------------W o m e n ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e --------------------------------P o c k e t s e t t i n g a n d t a c k i n g ________
W o m e n ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e _____________________
M e n ( a l l i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ) __
S e w d a r t s , c l o t h ( a l l w o m e n ) _____
Tnr^nfivp

See

footn otes




at

end

of table.

54
52
38

$2.66
2.64
2 .8 5

2
2
2

-

-

_
_
-

2
2
_

_
_
_

10
10
3

4
4
1

2
2
2

_
_
_

4
4
2

2
2
2

2
2
2

3
3
3

7
7
7

4
2
2

3
3
3

6
6
6

2
2
2

_

-

49
44
33

2. 76
2 .7 2
2 .8 8

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

3
3
2

2
2
2

1
1
1

10
10
4

4
2
2

4
4
4

2
2
2

1
1
_

2
2
2

3
3
3

2
1
_

2
2
2

1
1
1

3
3
3

55
47
38

3. 16
2 .8 8
3. 03

3
3
1

-

-

_

3
3
1

3
3
3

_

1
1
1

-

-

_

_

5
5
3

6
6
6

7
7
4

3
3
3

_
_

6
6
6

29
27
23
45
44
45
40
35

2. 76
2 .7 2
2. 80
2. 56
2.54
2.81
2 .7 3
2 .8 5

2
2
2
4
4

2
2
2

_

_

_
_

2
2

-

_

-

-

_
-

2
2
2

_
_
_

1
1
1
3
3
8
6
6

_
_

1
1
2
2

3
3
1
8
8

1
1
1

-

1
1
1
4
4

_

_

2
2
2
2
2

_

_

_
_
-

4
4
2
2
2

4
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
11
11
11

3
3
3
5
5
2
2
2

4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1

30
28
33
30
28
18
17

2 .66
2 .6 8
3. 05
2 .96
2.98
3.22
3.25

2
2
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

4
4
3
1
1

3
3
3

-

1
1
4
4
4
4
3

_
-

-

3
3
3
2
2

_
-

-

-

4
4
2
2
2
4
4

48
28

2.54
2. 9 3

2
2

4
4

3
3

16
12
26
25
23

2.6 7
2 .6 8
3.0 4
3. 04
3.16

2
2
2

b
4
2
1
1

_

46
43
22
21
20
32
29
20
1 18
99
73
19
53
33

2. 66
2 .7 0
3.21
3.1 8
3.2 6
2 .8 8
2 .8 3
3 .14
3.01
2.93
3.1 1
3.4 3
2.22
2. 55

-

-

-

_

_

1
1
4
4
2

2
2
3
3
2

2
2
2

-

2
2
1
1
1
2
2
8
2

-

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

4
2

2
2

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
-

-

_

2
2
1
1
_
_
-

2
2

-

-

-

2
2
2
2
2

-

2
2

-

_

-

-

2
2
2
2
2
3
3

-

5
-

4
4

1
1

-

2
1

2
2

3
3
3

_

1
1
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2

-

_

_
_
-

-

4
2

2
2
2

-

-

7
7
4

4
4

-

-

-

2

2
2

8
8

-

-

_

-

-

_
_
-

-

_
_
-

-

-

4
4
2

4
4
2

-

-

4

2
2

2
2
2

-

-

12

2

2
2

1
1

3
3
3

2
2

-

5
5
5
4
4

4
2

6
4
1
1
1
3
3

-

_
_

2
2

2
2

-

1
1
1

-

-

2
2
1
1

-

-

_
-

-

4
4
2
2
2
1
1
1
5
5
3

4
4
1
1
1
2
2
5
5
3

5
5
4
5
5
5

-

-

-

-

10
10
_

-

7
7
3
3
3
1
1
1
11
8
6
3
3
3

7
5
5
2
3
3

2
2
2
3
3
3
-

7
7

1

4
4
1
1
1
l
1
1
9
6
6
3
4
4

1
1
4
4
4
3
3
3
4
4
2
-

2
2

1
1
1

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

4
3
3

1
_

2
2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1
1

4
3
3

2
2
2

2
2
2

1
_

_
_

4
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

3
3
3

1
1
1

I

I

.

I

.

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
.

_

_

_

2
2
2

1
1
1

2
2
.
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

4
4
4

1
1
1

2
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

2
2

2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

4
4
4

_

1
1
1

1
1
1

_

_

_
_

1
1
1

_

_
_

l
1
3
3
3

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

2
2

_

2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

1
1
1

4
2
2
9
8
5
1
2
2

3
2
2
5
3
1
2

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_

2
2
2

1
1
1

2
2
2

2

_

-

-

-

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
3
2
2

_

11
7
7
4

-

_
_
_

1
1
4
4
4
2
2
2
10
8
4
2

2

1
1
1
4
2

T a b le 2 3 . O c c u p a tio n a l earn ing s: S o u th e rn N e w J e rs e y 1 A ll s h o p s — C o n tin u e d
—
( N u m b e r a nd a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 2 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s an d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
1
NumO ccupation and sex

age
ho urly

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Aver-

be r
of
worker s

ings

2

$ 1 .6 0
and
u nd er
$1.65

$ 1 .6 5

$ 1 .7 0

$1.75

$1.80

0
$ 1 .9 0 $ 2.0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $ 2.60 $ 2. 70 $2. 80 $3.00 $3.20

$1.70

$1 .75

$1.80

$1.90

$ 2 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2. 30 $2.40 $ 2. 50 $2. 60 $ 2. 70 $2. 80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $ 3. 60
.0

$3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4. 40 $4.80 $5 .20 $5.60

$ -0
6 (
and

$3.80 $4.00 $4. 40 $4. 80 $5.20 $5.60 $ 6 0 o v e i
.0

Selected production occupations —
C o n t in u e d
C o a t f a b r i c a t i o n — C o n t in u e d
S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s 5—
6
Continued
Se w ed ge t a p e -----------------------------W o m e n ________________________
I n c e n t i v e ___________________
Se w in s l e e v e ------------------------------W o m e n (a l l i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------M e n ----------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------S l e e v e m a k i n g , c l o t h ----------------W o m e n ________________________
I n c e n t i v e ---------------------------T a p e a r m h o l e s ----------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------S h a p e r s , edge and bo tto m ,
c l i c k e r m a c h i n e __________________
W o m e n 3 a / ____________________
4
M e n ___________________________
I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------S h a p e r s , e d g e an d b o t t o m ,
ha n d (6 m e n , 4 w o m e n ) l_b/-----------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s an d b a s t i n g
p u l l e r s (a l l w o m e n ) _______________
T i m e ----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ---------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ---------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------

33
29
26
49

$3. 16
3 . 10
3,14
3.82

34
15
13
107
104
98
28
26

3.68
4.14
4. 19
3.00
2. 99
3.02

2
2

21

2.66
2. 69
2. 82

_
_

_
_

-

-

_

1
2
3
4
5
6

_

_

_

_
-

_

_

_

_

_
_
-

-

-

-

2

_

-

2
2
2

_

_
_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

_

_
_

4
4

_
_
_
-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

-

8

2.77
2. 15
3.09
3.05

_

7
14

-

-

-

10

3. 54

-

-

-

-

-

2.0
2

16
3
13

1

6
1

1

3

-

-

-

1

3

83

2
0
63
238

11

9
227
185

2. 03

2.0
2

2. 92
2.52
2.73
2 . 94
3.15

12
2
_

10
6

1
1
1
2

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2
1
1
1

2

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

2
2
2

5
5
5

-

7
7
3

5
5
5
3
3
3

2
2
2
_

2
2

5
5
4
3

1
-

_
-

2

-

6
6

2
2
2
1

2

4

1

2

_

-

-

-

16
15
13

11
11
11

4
4

15
13
13

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

2
2
2

-

4
7

4

2

_

7

-

-

-

-

-

7

4
4
4

6
6
6

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

2
1
1
8
8

8
8
8
2
2
2

3

_
_

2
2
4

_

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

2

3

25
5

3
3
3
9

1
1
1
2

1
2

8
1
1
8
8
8

1
1
1

-

5
5

_
-

_
_

_
_

-

2

5

4

2

6
2

_

_

_

_

2
0
2
0
1
1
19
7

2
2

13

10

-

2

_
-

12
-

2
2
2

3

2

_

_

_

3

1

1

.

.

2
2

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

"

-

2
1
1

5

1

4
3

_
-

9

3

_

_

-

-

-

15

9

3
9

1
1
8
8

1

4
-

4
17

2
1
1
7

-

3

1
2
2
-

-

1

-

-

-

'

1
1
1

2

2

_

2
2

2

-

4

1
1
1

-

7
7

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

11

7

10

5

12

6

4

11
10

7
7

10
10

5
5

12
12

6
6

4
4

1
1
6
6

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

9
9

9
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

16
16

3

6
2
2
-

19
3
3

-

12

-

17
17

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

15

-

-

-

9
26
44
26
15

10
10
2
97

4. 5 8

1.88
2.0
2
2. 24
2. 30
2. 42

2.0
2
2.0
0

_
4
7

2
1
-

10
10

_
1

2

_
-

_

4
14

-

-

-

2
2
1

15
15

5

3

5

3

2
2

_

2

2
3

5

2
2
-

9
9

_
4
4
4

1
1

19
19

_

2
2
2
3

2
11
11

2
2
2
1
13

8

1
1
4
4

1

-

-

2
2

5

5

2
2
1
1
2
2

1
1

-

2
2
2
2
2
2

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

T h e S o u t h e r n N e w J e r s e y a r e a c o n s i s t s of A t l a n t i c , B u r l i n g t o n , C a p e M a y , C u m b e r l a n d , G l o u c e s t e r , a n d S a l e m C o u n t i e s .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n s u f f i c i e n t d a t a to w a r r a n t p u b l i c a t i o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s by m e t h o d of wa g e p a y m e n t ; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o ll o w s ;
6 a t $6 to $ 6 . 4 0 ; an d 2 a t $7 and o v e r .
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e shown s e p a r a t e l y .
All w o r k e r s w e r e a t $7 to $ 7 . 4 0 .




-

-

7
7
7

2

14
7
7
15

2

5
3
3
3

2

1
1
1

-

_

-

1
2

1

-

-

2
1
12
1
1
11
6

6

_

2

-

4

4
4
4

-

'

M iscellaneous
A d j u s t e r s ( r e p a i r m e n ) (a ll m en )
(a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ---------------------------J a n i t o r s (all m en )
(a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ---------------------------P a c k e r s ---------------------------------------------M e n (all t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------S t o c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s -------------------M e n (a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s -----------------------------M e n (a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------------

_

-

_

_

_
_

2

_

2

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b le 2 4 .

E a rn in g s relatio n sh ip s:

S e l e c t e d r e g io n s a n d a r e a s

(R e g io n a l an d a r e a a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s a s a p e r c e n t of n atio n al a v e r a g e s of s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s a m o n g p ro d u c ti o n w o r k e r s
in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , A p r i l 1970)
( N a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s = 100)
Co at fa br ic ation
All
production
workers

R eg ion or a re a

Sew ing- ma chine op e rators
T otal

M i d d l e A t l a n t i c --------------------------------------------G r e a t L a k e s -------------------------------------------------N e w E n g l a n d ___________________________
B o r d e r S t a t e s -----------------------------------------------M i d d l e W e s t ..........................................................S o u t h e a s t --------------------------------------------------------

107

N e w Y o r k ______________________________
C h i c a g o _______________________________
R o c h e s t e r -----------------------------------------------------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h _______________
P h i l a d e l p h i a -------------------------------------------------B o s t o n _________________________________
B a l t i m o r e _____________________________
C i n c i n n a t i _____________________________
S o u t h e r n N e w J e r s e y -----------------------------------St . L o u i s ______________________________
K e n t u c k y ---------------------------------------------------------

118
116
1 14

NOTE:

D ashes




i n d i c a t e no d a t a

10
6
97
94
83
79

111
109
107

10
1
10
1
10
1
90

8
6

reported

110
104
97
97
83
79
123
1 17

111
113
1 14
107
104

10
0

103
90
87

Finishers ,
hand

Wo m e n

Me n

108
106
98

10
1

10
0

99
96
90

10
2

10
0
87
82
1 15

120
111
113
115

10
6

107
103
105
94

-

108

111

98
90

1 14
92
89
75

-

107
103
99
95
94
99
89
89
97

98

o r d a t a t h a t do no t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n

Pressers,
fin ish ,
machine

105

-

-

T r o u s e r fa br ic ation

110
114

12
0
10
1
104
103
97

99
95
91

crite ria.

111
110
-

104
1 16
136
97

121

127
103
87

Thread
trim m ers
and b a s t i n g
pu llers

10
1
103
95

10
1
83
95

10
0
108

110
1 14

10
2

Sew ing- m a c h in e op e rators
Total

108

Women

107
108

10
6
10
0

10
2

89
77
80

90
79
82

130
1 16
126
113

125
117
128

7

112
112

Adjusters
(rep airme n)

Men

104
103
78

10
6
118

111

Ill

10
2
104
95

85
91

67

108
107
94
117

108
105

112
125

10
0

117

10
1

-

-

-

91
82

94
-

85
-

115
130

-

-

92

10
0

106

10
1
10
1
8
6

10
6

10
0

8
8

-

99

10
1

96

-

10
0
103

Cu tter s
and
markers ,
c l ot h

83

-

10
2

109

Wo r k
dis tributo rs
(bundl e
carriers

10
0
97

94
90
89
96

-

10
2

103
105
107
90
108

-

T ab le 25.

M ethod of w a g e p aym ent

( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s

m e n ' s and b o y s ' s u i t and c oa t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y m e t h o d of w a g e p a y m e n t ,

1 U ni t ed

States,

s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and l o c a l i t i e s ,

A p r i l 1970)

Selected regions
Meth od of w age pa ym ent

1

United States

2
Mid dle Atlantic

N e w E ng l an d

B o r d e r States

M i d d l e We s t

G reat Lakes

Southeast

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

In cen ti ve w o r k e r s 3
-------------------------------------I n d i v i d u a l p i e c e w o r k ------------------------------

75
73

58
57

74
74

76
69

83
83

78
75

59
58

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s -----------------------------------F o r m a l p l a n s ------------------- -----. . . . . . . . -------S i n g l e r a t e --- -------------------------------------R a n g e of r a t e s -----------------------------------I n d i v i d u a l r a t e s ----------------------------------------

25

42

26
15

24

41
25

(4 )
(4 )
42

17
5
5

2
2
11

7
5
14

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s -----------------------

1

12

8

12

(4)

8

3

11

8
10

12

17

6

3

19

16

S e lec ted l oc a lit ies
B altim ore,
Md.

Boston,
M ass.

C h icago,
111.

Cincinnati,
O hi o—K y . —Ind.

Kentu cky

Los A n g e le s Long B e ac h ,
Ca lif.

New York,
N. Y.

Philadelphia,
P a . - N . J.

Rochester,
N. Y.

St. L o u i s ,
M o .-1 11.

So ut he r n
New J e r s e y

A l l pr od uctio n w o r k e r s . .

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

I n c e n t i v e w o r k e r s ------------------I n d i v i d u a l p i e c e w o r k --------

6
6
6
6

52
52

81
73

63
62

6
1

83

62
62

6
1
6
1

78
78

93
93

67

6
6

34

48

19

37
27

39

2
2

32

18

15
7

33
30
30

9

-

18

7

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s -------------F o r m a l p l a n s ---------------------S i n g l e r a t e -------------------R a n g e o f r a t e s -------------I n d i v i d u a l r a t e s ------------------

1
2
3
4

2

(4 )

2

31

1
1

10

_

5
5
9

_
47

27

10

F o r d e f i n i t i o n of m e t h o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t , s e e a p p e n d i x A.
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in a dd i t i o n to t h o s e s ho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r o t h e r m e t h o d s o f i n c e n t i v e w a g e p a y m e n t in a dd it io n to
L e s s t ha n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

B ecause




of rounding,

sum s

of in d iv id u a l it e m s

m ay

not eq u a l

100.

17
16
_
16

i n d iv i d u a l p i e c e w o r k .

1

38
_
_
_
38

21
2

8

6
8

7
7
5

2
0
11

-

12

2

10
0
67

3

T a b le 2 6 .

S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u rs

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s o f d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s , 1
2
U n i t e d S t a t e s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , a n d l o c a l i t i e s , A p r i l 1970)
S e lec ted regions
W eek ly hours

U ni t e d S t a t e s
N e w E n g lan d

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ------------------------

10
0

U n d e r 32 h o u r s ________________________
32 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------34 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------35 h o u r s _______________________________
36 h o u r s _______________________________
O v e r 36 and u n d e r 40 h o u r s ____________
40 h o u r s _______________________________
45 h o u r s _______________________________

Mid dle At lanti c

1

10
0

B o r d e r States

10
0

10
0

2
_
_
_
_
_

3

1

4
3

2
8
6
1

Southeast

10
0

(3 )
(3)

_
_
_
_

10
0

2

5

3
_
97

92

5
67

-

-

-

2
2

-

10
0

25
_

_
_
_
_

82

10
0

M i d d l e We st

10
0

8

_
_
_

3

2
2

G reat Lakes

-

Se le c t e d l o c a lit ies
B a ltim ore,
Md .

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ____________
U n d e r 32 h o u r s ________________________
32 h o u r s _______________________________
34 h o u r s _______________________________
35 h o u r s _______________________________
36 h o u r s _______________________________
O v e r 36 and u nd e r 40 h o u r s _____________
40 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------45 h o u r s ______________ _________________

10
0
_
-

10
0

Boston,
Mas s .

10
0

C h ica g o,
111.

Cincinnati,
O hi o—K y . —Ind.

10
0

10
0

(3)

1

_

11

_
_

_

10
0

41

_

-

B ecause




of r o u n d in g ,

sum s

of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s

m ay

not equal

89

Los A n g e lesLong Beac h.
Cali f.

10
0

_
_
_
_
_

10
0
•

1 D a ta r e l a t e to th e p r e d o m i n a n t w o r k s c h e d u le fo r f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t i o n
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L ess than 0.5 p ercen t.
NOTE:

10
0
_
_
_

4
54

10
0

Kent ucky

w orkers

100.

e m p l o y e d o n t h e d a y - s h i f t in e a c h

N ew- Y o r k ,
N. Y.

10
0

_
_
(3 )

12

_

81
7

establishm ent.

Philadelphia,
P a . - N . J.

10
0
3
13

6
6
2

7
63
"

R ochester,
N. Y.

10
0

_
_
_
_

St. L o u i s ,
M o.-1 11 .

10
0

S ou the rn
New J e r s e y

10
0

_
_
_

_

10
0
-

10
0

10
0
-




T ab le 2 7.

P a id h olidays

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s u i t a n d c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a i d h o l i d a y s ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , A p r i l 1970)

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s __________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________________
L e s s t han 3 d a y s _________________________
3 d a y s --------------------------------• _________________
4 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _____________________
7 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------7 d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y --------------------------------------8 d a y s ___________________________________
8 d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ___________________
9 d a y s and o v e r __________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a i d h o l i d a y s ___________________________

In clu d es d ata fo r reg io n s
2 L e s s t h a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

Because

N ew
England

Mid dle
At lanti c

Border
States

Southeast

Great
Lakes

M iddle
W est

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

93

10
0

99

98

8
6

90

97

_
-

_
_

(2 )

4
27

_
_

.
_

-

-

-

-

U ni ted
St at es !

N u m b e r of p a i d h o l i d a y s

1
3

1

1

2
2

89

95
-

n
77

1

2

sum s

10

17

-

-

8
8

2
0

90
-

3
13
81
_
_

7

7

m ay

not equal

100.

-

-

-

-

-

(2)

-

~

-

(2)

2

5

2

-

1

of in d iv id u a l i t e m s

8

3

(2)

2

4
(2)

in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

of rounding,

-

2

2

14

10

3




T a b le 2 8.

P a id vacation s

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' su it and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g c o n t r a c t s w i th
A m a l g a m a t e d C l o t h i n g W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a ( A C WA ) and in o t he r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
f o r p a i d v a c a t i o n s , U ni t ed S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , A p r i l 1970) 1
*
3
4
5

United
States 1

V aca ti on po licy

A l l pr od uctio n w o r k e r s

_

_

___

New
England

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ha v in g
c o n t r a c t s w i t h A C W A ______________________

100

98

95

(W or ke r s cove re d by these contracts usu ally r ec e iv e d a s u m m e r
t h r e e - f o u r t h s w e e k ' s p a y a f t e r 9 m o n th s but l e s s t ha n 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e
s e r v i c e r e c e i v e d C h r i s t m a s v a c a t i o n p a y of 1 w e e k . 2 )

Border
States

100

100

85

Mid dle
At lanti c

87

v a c a t i o n wi th o n e - h a l f
and 2 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r

week's
1 year

Great
Lakes

Mid dle
We s t

100

100

100

20

97

53

Southeast

p a y a f t e r 6 but l e s s t ha n 9 m o n t h s of s e r v i c e ,
of s e r v i c e ; i n add it io n, w o r k e r s w i th 1 y e a r of

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a ddi tion to t h o s e s ho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
T h e f i r s t w e e k of v a c a t i o n p a y is c o m p u t e d a s f o l l o w s :
For tim e-rated
w o r k e r s , t he e m p l o y e e ' s c u r r e n t
r e g u l a r w e e k l y r a te ; f o r i n c e n t i v e
w o r k e r s , 40 t i m e s t he e m p l o y e e ' s s t r a i g h t - t i m e a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f or t he 4 c o n s e c u t i v e b u s i e s t w e e k s o f t he c u r r e n t v a c a t i o n y e a r .
T h e second
w e e k ' s v a c a t i o n p a y e q ua ls p a y f o r the f i r s t w e e k f o r e m p l o y e e s who w o r k e d at l e a s t 1 , 2 0 0 h o u r s d u ri n g t he y e a r e ndi ng M a y 31; f or t h o s e who w o r k e d
l e s s t ha n 1 , 2 0 0 h o u r s , t he s e c o n d w e e k ' s v a c a t i o n is Z x z p e r c e n t of t he e m p l o y e e ' s s t r a i g h t - t i m e e a r n i n g s d u r i n g t he y e a r e ndi ng M a y 31.
/
T he C h r i s t m a s
v a c a t i o n p a y i s c o m p u t e d in a m a n n e r s i m i l a r to t he s e c o n d w e e k of s u m m e r v a c a t i o n p a y .
A n u m b e r of A C W A e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ha d d i f f e r e n t v a c a t i o n
p r o v i s i o n s , m o s t in t he m e t h o d o f c omp u ti n g v a c a t i o n p a y .
3 V a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s s u c h a s p e r c e n t of a nnu al e a r n i n g s and f l a t - s u m a m o u n t s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t t i m e b a s i s .
P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e were
c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the i n d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r o v i s i o n s f or p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n di c a t e d
at 5 y e a r s m a y i n c l u d e c h a n g e s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 1 and 5 y e a r s .
4 L e s s t ha n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 V a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s w e r e t he s a m e a f t e r l o n g e r p e r i o d s of s e r v i c e .
NOTE:

Because

of

rou n d in g,

sum s

of i n d i v i d u a l

ite m s

may

not

equal

1 0 0.




T a b l e 2 9 . H e a lth , insurance, and re tirem ent plans
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' su it and c o a t m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g c o n t r a c t s w i t h
A m a l g a m a t e d C l o t h i n g W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a ( A C W A ) and in o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h s p e c i f i e d
h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s , U n i t e d S t a t e s and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , A p r i l 197 0)

T y p e of p la n

1

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s __________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g
c o n t r a c t s w i t h A C W A ______________________

U ni t ed
States 2

New
England

Mi ddle
Atla nti c

Border
States

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

85

95

98

87

South­
ea st

10
0
2
0

G re a t
Lakes

Middle
West

10
0

10
0

97

53

( E m p l o y e r s h a v i n g c o n t r a c t s w i th A C W A c o n t r i b u t e d 4 . 2 p e r c e n t of g r o s s w a g e s p a y a b l e e a c h p a y p e r i o d t o t h e A m a l g a m a t e d S o c i a l I n s u r a n c e F un d .
E m p l o y e e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d by t he fund i n c lu de $ 3, 000 l i f e i n s u r a n c e ; s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e , and s u r g i c a l , m e d i c a l , and h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n b e n e f i t s .
S u r g i c a l , m e d i c a l , and h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n b e n e f i t s w e r e a l s o p r o v i d e d f o r f a m i l i e s of e m p l o y e e s .
E m p l o y e e s h a v i n g c o n t r a c t s w i t h A C W A c o n t r i b u t e d 4 . 5 p e r c e n t of g r o s s w a g e s t o t h e A m a l g a m a t e d R e t i r e m e n t F u n d w h i c h p r o v i d e s b e n e f i t s of $ 8 5
a m o n t h to q u a l i f i e d w o r k e r s b e g i n n i n g at a g e 65. A d d i t i o n a l m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e t o e l i g i b l e e m p l o y e e s f o r e a c h y e a r of s e r v i c e b e y o n d 20 a n d / o r
f o r a v e r a g e a n n ua l e a r n i n g s o v e r $ 5 , 0 00 f o r t h e 5 y e a r s b e f o r e r e t i r e m e n t .
W o r k e r s m a y r e t i r e a t a g e 6 2, o r on d i s a b i l i t y i f o t h e r w i s e e l i g i b l e , at
p r o p o rt io n a t ely r ed uced b e n e fi t s . 3 )

W o r k e r s in o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p ro v id in g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s __
____________ ___
A c cid en tal death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
i n s u r a n c e - _______ , ________ __ ____________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
S ic k n ess and ac cident in su ra n c e
o r s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5 _______________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e --------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _________________
S ic k l e a v e (full p a y , no
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) _____________________________
S ick le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y or
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) _____________________________
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ______________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______ _______________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________ _______
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------------------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------- -------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
R e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 1 ______________________________
6
5
4
3
2
P e n s i o n p l a n s — -------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ---------------------------S e v e r a n c e p a y ________________________________
No p la n s

12
10

_
-

1
1

10
7

55

3
3

68

42
32

9
7

-

-

-

5

-

(4 )
(4 )

68

-

55

-

2

3
3
3

_
-

2
1
1

6
6
4

10
10
10

-

-

27
27
17

(4 )

-

(4 )

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3

2
2
1
1
1
1

12

68

4

55

3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
(4 )

32
17
32
17
32
17

12
9

12
9

9
7

4
3

6
6
5
1
2

-

1
1
1
(4 )

12

68

4

55
44

7
4

7
4

4

1

38
20
20
32
31
31
1
12

29

17
17
17
17
5

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h at l e a s t p a r t of the c o s t is b o r n e b y t he e m p l o y e r and e x c l u d e s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n
and s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ; h o w e v e r , p la n s r e q u i r e d b y St at e t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w e r e i n c l u d e d i f t he e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e d m o r e t h an i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d o r t h e e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e d b e n e f i t s in e x c e s s of l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s " i n c l u d e o nl y t h o s e p l a ns f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y t h e e m p l o y e r .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in add it io n t o t h o s e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
3 A n u m b e r of A C W A e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , had d i f f e r e n t h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s . M o s t d i f f e r e n c e s w e r e in t h e a m o u n t s w h i c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
c o n t r i b u t e d t o t h e s o c i a l and r e t i r e m e n t f unds.
In a d d i t i o n , a uni on h e a l t h c e n t e r w a s a v a i l a b l e in f i v e a r e a s — B a l t i m o r e , C h i c a g o , N e w Y o r k , P h i l a d e l p h i a , and R o c h e s t e r .
T o maintain thes e c en te rs ,
e m p l o y e r s in t he N e w Y o r k a r e a c o n t r i b u t e 5 6 of 1 p e r c e n t of g r o s s w a g e s and e a c h e m p l o y e e p a y s $ 12 a n n ua l l y; in P h i l a d e l p h i a , e m p l o y e r s c o n t r i b u t e 1 . 1 4 5
/i
p e r c e n t of g r o s s w a g e s and e m p l o y e e s m a k e an i n i t i a l c o n t r i b u t i o n of $ 2 0 .
E m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s to t h e c e n t e r s in t he r e m a i n i n g a r e a s a r e :
IV 2 p e r c e n t
of g r o s s w a g e s in C h i c a g o ; 1 . 2 6 7 p e r c e n t in R o c h e s t e r ; and 2 p e r c e n t in B a l t i m o r e .
4 L e s s t ha n 0.5 p e r c e n t .
5 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e or s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s ho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
6 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l of w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s f o r p e n s i o n p l a n s or r e t i r e m e n t s e v e r a n c e p a y s ho wn s e p a r a t e l y .

Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey

Scope of survey

Employment

The survey covered establishments engaged primarily
in manufacuring men’s, youths’, and boys’ suits, coats,
and overcoats (part of industry 2311 as defined in the
1967 edition o f the S ta n d a rd In d u stria l C lassification
M anual , prepared by the U.S. Office o f Management and
Budget, formerly U.S. Bureau o f the Budget). Included
in the study were establishments manufacturing tailored
suits, separate coats o f jackets, overcoats and topcoats,
uniforms, and suit vests. Jobbers, who perform only
entreprenurail functions, such as buying material, ar­
ranging for all manufacturing to be done by others, and

The estimates of the number o f workers within the
scope o f the study are intended as a general guide to the
size and compostion o f the labor force included in the
survey. The advance planning necessary to make a wage
survey requires the use o f lists o f establishments assembled
considerably in advance o f the payroll period studied.

selling the finished product, were excluded from the
survey, as were separate auxiliary such as central
office.
The establishments studied were selected from those
employing five workers or more at the time of reference
o f the data used in compiling the universe lists.
The number o f establishments and workers studied by
the Bureau, as well as the number estimated to be within
scope o f the survey during the payroll period studied, are
shown in table A - l.

Method of study

Data were obtained by personal visits o f the Bureau’s
field staff. The survey was conducted on a sample basis.
To obtain appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a
greater proportion o f large than of small establishments
was studied. In combining the data, however, all estab­
lishments were given their appropriate weight. All esti­
mates are presented, therefore, as relating to all establish­
ments in the industry, excluding only those below the
minimum size at the time o f reference o f the universe
data.

The term “production workers,” as used in this bulle­
tin, includes working foremen and all nonsupervisory
workers engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
executive, professional, and technical personnel, and
force-account construction employees, who were utilized
as a separate work force on the firm’s own properties,
were excluded.

Occupations selected for study

Occupational classification was based on a uniform set
o f job descriptions designed to take account o f interestab­
lishment and interarea variations in duties within the same
job. (See appendix B for these descriptions.) The occupa­
tions were chosen for their numerical importance, their
usefulness in collective bargaining, or their representative­
ness o f the entire job scale in the industry. Working su­
pervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, and
handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary
workers were not reported in the data for selected occu­
pations but were included in the data for all production
workers.

Wage data

Information on wages relates to straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for
work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Incentive
payments, such as those resulting from piecework or pro­
duction bonus systems and cost-of-living bonuses, were
included as part of the workers’ regular pay; but non­
production bonus payments, such as Christmas or yearend bonuses, were excluded.

Establishment definition

An establishment, for purposes of this study, is defined
as a single physical location where industrial operations are
performed. An establishment is not necessarily identical
with the company, which may consist o f one establish­
ment or more.



Production workers

79

Table A-1. Estimated number of establishments and workers in the men's and boys' suit and coat manufacturing
industry and number studied, April 1970
Number of
establishments3
Region1 and area2

United States 5 ...............................................

Within
scope
of survey

Actually
studied

Workers in establishments
Within scope
of study
Production
Total4
workers

Actually
studied
Total4

732

302

116,444

102,998

81,247

46
454
75
39
64
18

23
151
44
20
31
14

5,093
57,842
16,432
14,036
15,659
2,201

4,475
50,616
15,113
12,943
13,251
1,986

3,795
37,113
13,264
8,745
12,274
1,975

46
36
10
30
28
10
15
17
275
198
77
87
66
21
6
7
21

22
17
5
13
13
8
13
10
71
41
30
34
21
13
6
7
12

6,162
4,232
1,930
1,756
6,760
1,750
4,918
1,458
17,690
10.374
7,316
15,578
11,048
4,530
4,586
1,177
4,126

5,562
3,722
1,840
1,506
5,634
1,457
4,589
1,330
14,411
7,571
6,840
13,689
9,406
4,283
3,999
1,094
3,851

3,912
2,842
1,070
1,358
6,524
1,460
4,713
1,312
8.768
5,457
3,311
9,204
5,939
3,265
4,586
1,177
2,831

Selected regions
New England.................................................
Middle Atlantic.............................................
Border States.................................................
Southeast ......................................................
Great Lakes...................................................
Middle West...................................................
Selected areas
Baltimore, M d ...............................................
Regular and cutting shops.........................
Contract shops.........................................
Boston, Mass.................................................
Chicago, III ...................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.— d ...........................
In
Kentucky ........................................................
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.....................
New York, N .Y .............................................
Regular and cutting shops .......................
Contract shops.........................................
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J.....................................
Regular and cutting shops.......................
Contract shops.........................................
Rochester, N . Y .............................................
St. Louis, Mo.—I l l .........................................
Southern New Jersey.....................................

The regions used in this study are: New England—Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and
Vermont; Middle Atlantic—New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; Border States—Delaware, District of Columbia, Kentucky,
Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia; Southeast—Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and
Tennessee; Great Lakes—Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin; and Middle West—Iowa, Kansas, Missouri,
Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (formerly U.S. Bureau of
the Budget) through January 1968, except Philadelphia and Southern New Jersey. See individual area tables (7 through 23) for area
definitions.
4 Includes only establishments employing 5 workers or more at the time of reference of the universe data.
Includes executive, professional, office, and other workers excluded from the production worker category shown separately.
Includes data for regions in addition to those shown separately.

Average hourly rates or earnings for each occupation or
other group o f workers, such as men, women, or produc­
tion workers, were calculated by weighting each rate (or
hourly earnings) by the number o f workers receiving the
rate, totaling, and dividing by the number o f individuals.
The hourly earnings o f salaried workers were obtained by




dividing their straight-time salary by normal rather than
actual hours.
Size of community

Tabulations by size o f community pertain to metro­
politan and nonmetropolitan areas. The term “metropol80

Supplementary wage provisions

least one-half o f the production workers in an establish­
ment, the benefits were considered applicable to all such
workers. Similarly, if fewer than half o f the workers were
covered, the benefit was considered nonexistent in the
establishment. Because of length-of-service and other
eligibility requirements, the proportion of workers re­
ceiving the benefits may be smaller than estimated.
P aid Vacations. The summary of vacation plans is lim­
ited to formal arrangements, excluding informal plans
under which time off with pay is granted at the discreation
o f the employer or the supervisor. Payments not on a
time basis were converted; for example, a payment o f 2
percent o f annual earnings was considered the equivalent
of 1 week’s pay. The periods o f service for which data
are presented were selected as representative of the most
common practices, but they do not necessarily reflect
individual establishment provisions for progression. For
example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years
o f service may include changes which occurred between
5 and 10 years.
H e a lth , insurance , a n d re tire m e n t plans. Data are pre­
sented for health, insurance, and pension plans for which
all or part of the cost is borne by the employer, exculding
programs required by law, such as workmen’s compen­
sation and social security. Among the plans included are
those underwritten by a commerical insurance company;
those provided thorugh a union fund, or those paid direc­
tly by the employer from his current operating funds or
from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are
made directly to the insured on a weekly or monthly
basis during illness or accident disability. Information is
presented for all such plans to which the employer con­
tributes at least a part o f the cost. However, in New York
and New Jersey, where temporary disability insurance
laws require employer contributions,1 plans are included
only if the employer (1) contributes more than is legally
required, or (2) provides the employees with benefits
which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick-leave plans are limited to for­
mal plans which provide full pay or a proportion o f the
worker’s pay during absence from work because o f illness;
informal arrangements have been omitted. Separate tabu­
lations are provided according to (1) plans which provide
full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans providing
either partial pay or a waiting period.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for com­
plete or partial payment o f doctors’ fees. These plans may
be underwritten by a commercial insurance company or a

Supplementary benefits were treated statistically on
the basis that if formal provisions were applicable to at

1
The temporary disability insurance laws in California and
Rhode Island do not require empoyer contributions.

itan area,” as used in this bulletin, refers to the Standard
Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by the U.S.
Office o f Management and Budget through January 1968.
Except in New England, a Standard Metropolitan Sta­
tistical Area is defined as a county or group o f contiguous
counties which contains at least one city o f 50,000 inhab­
itants or more. Counties contiguous to the one containing
such a city are included in a Standard Metropolitan Sta­
tistical Area, if, according to certain criteria, they are
essentially metropolitan in character and are socially and
economically integrated with the central city. In New
England, the city and town are administratively more im­
portant than the county, and they are the units used in
defining Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas for that
region.

Method of wage payment

Tabulations by method o f wage payment relate to the
number o f workers paid under the various time and incen­
tive wage systems. Formal rate structures for time-rated
workers provide single rates or a range o f rates for indi­
vidual job categories. In the absence o f a formal rate struc­
ture, pay rates are determined primarily by the qualifica­
tions o f the individual worker. A single rate structure is
one in which the same rate is paid to all experienced work­
ers in the same job classification. Learners, apprentices,
or probationary workers may be paid according to rate
schedules which start below the single rate and permit the
workers to achieve the full job rate over a period o f time.
Individual experienced workers occasionally may be paid
above or below the single rate for special reasons, but such
payments are regarded as exceptions. Range of rate plans
are those in which the minimum and/or maximum rates
paid experienced workers for the same job are specified.
Specific rates o f individual workers within the range may
be determined by merit, length o f service, or a combina­
tion o f various concepts o f merit and length o f service. In­
centive workers are classified under piecework or bonus
plans. Piecework is work for which a predetermined rate is
paid for each unit o f output. Production bonuses are based
on production over a quota or for completion o f a task
in less than standard time.
Scheduled weekly hours

Data on weekly hours refer to the predominant work
schedule for full-time production workers employed on
the day shift.




81

nonprofit organization, or they may be a form o f selfinsurance.
Major medical insurance, sometimes referred to as
catastrophe insurance,includes the plans designed to cover
employees in case o f sickness or injury involving an ex­




82

pense which exceeds the normal coverage o f hospital­
ization, medical, and surgical plans.
Tabulations of retirement pensions are limited to plans
which provide regular payments for the remainder o f the
retiree’s life.

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is
to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed
under a variety o f payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to
establishment and from area to area. This permits the grouping o f occupational wage rates
representing comparable job content. Because o f this emphasis on interestablishment and
interearea comparability o f occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ
significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other
purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, and handi­
capped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

C U TTIN G

COAT FABR IC ATIO N

Cutter, cloth

Baster, armhole, hand

Cuts cloth (other than linings) by hand or machine
after pattern has been outlined on materials by the
marker. Workers who m a rk and cut are to classified as
cutters and markers.

Bastes lining and padding into shoulders and around
armholes of coats by hand.
Baster, except armhole, hand

Cutter, lining

Arranges and hand-sews parts o f garments together
with long stitches, usually to hold parts together tempo­
rarily until they are stitched by others.

Cuts out body linings, stays, sleeve linings and/or other
parts o f the inner lining from single or multiple layers
o f fabric. May also mark the outline for the cutting
operation.

Button sewer, hand

Sews buttons to garments by hand, using needle and
thread. In addition, may match button or mark loca­
tions o f buttons.

Cutter and marker, cloth

Arranges patterns on material (other than linings) and
marks outlines of pattern with chalk a n d cuts material
by hand or machine. May assemble various parts of
garment, matching stripes or plaids where required; may
also spread or lay-up layers of fabric.

Buttonhole marker, hand

Sews buttonholes in garments by hand.
Collar setter, hand

Marker

Bastes top collar and under collar to neck of coat and
tacks collar corner by hand; tacks gorge seam open.

Arranges patterns on materials to be cut and marks
outline with chalk.

Finisher, hand
Spreader

Performs one or more of the following hand oper­
ations: Sewing or felling lining to lining, or lining to
cloth at the armholes, shoulders, sleeve bottoms, body
lining, top and undercollar to neck o f coat, and felling
corners where it is impractical or undesirable for the

Spreads (lays-up)multiple layers o f cloth smoothly and
evenly on a cutting table by hand or with the aid o f a
spreading machine. Cuts each ply to length from the
bolt o f material.



83

Baste edges— Bastes front edges and bottoms, just
after the front edge o f the coat has been turned, with
a temporary remoyeable chain-stitch.

various machines to be used— such as comers between
facing and bottom turnup, openings with thick seams,
etc.

Baste, jum p-stitch machine, armhole— Bastes arm­
Fitter

holes with jump-stitch machine inside and outside in­
cluding sleeves head.

(Trimmer)

Baste, jum p-stitch machine, canvas— Bastes on
canvas, shoulder pads and bridle with jump-stitch
machine.

Sorts, matches, and trims garment parts and linings
preparatory to the sewing operations. This classification
excludes workers who do only such single operations as
stamping, marking sizes, marking stitches, etc.

B aste, ju m p -stitc h machine, facings— Attaches
facings to coat with jump-stitch machine.

Inspector, final

Baste, jum p-stitch machine, linings and yokes—
Bastes lining at side and bottom, bastes vent or vents
(if any), and bastes yokes to back with jump-stitch
machine.
Book edges— Books or turns in raw seam edges with
a serging machine.

(Examiner)
Examines and inspects completed coats prior to press­
ing or shipping. Work involves: Determining whether the
coats conform to shop standards o f quality and marking
defects such as dropped stitches, bad seams, etc. In addi­
tion may make minor repairs.
Thread trimmers who may only casually inspect gar­
ments are not included in this classification. In many
shops manufacturing inexpensive garments there will be
no inspectors falling within this description; in those shops
whatever inspection is carried on is usually performed by
thread trimmers.

Button sewing— Operates a button-sewing machine
that automatically sews buttons to garments or gar­
ment parts.
Buttonhole making — Operates a buttonhole ma­
chine that automatically cuts and stitches buttonholes
in garments or garment parts.
Collar preparing, except piecing or padding — Bastes
top collar to under collar and bastes edges all around
with jump stitch machine.

Pairer and turner

Pairs or brings together parts o f the garment for assem­
bly, or turns various parts, excluding front edges and
collars.

Collar setting — Bastes top collar and under collar
to neck o f coat by machine; or sews top collar to gorge
and across neck with a plain sewing machine and bastes
or sews undercollar to neck with a zigzag machine.

Presser, finish

Performs the final pressing operations on completed
coats by means o f a hand pressing iron, or a pressing
machine which is heated by gas or steam. Workers who
press only a portion o f the completed garment are also
included in this classification.
Workers are to be classified according to the type of
pressing equipment used.

Facing tacking — Tacks facing to front with blind
stitch machine.

Fell body lining, bottom and side — Fells (joins)
body lining to cloth forepart at side seams and bottom
of coat with a machine designed to join parts by means
o f blind stitch which does not show in the front side
o f the cloth.

Presser, finish, hand
Presser, finish, machine

Join shoulder, cloth — Joins shoulder o f cloth fore­

Sewing-machine operator 1

part to back.

Operates a standard industrial machine or a specialpurpose sewing machine to perform the stitching involved
in making parts of garments in joining various garment
sections together, or in attaching previously completed
garment parts to partially completed garments.

1
Separate occupational data should be obtained for each of
the specific operations listed. Where a specified operation is split
into two operations, workers performing either phase should be
included. In addition, all other operators are to be listed by type
of garment (code 2124 in coat fabrication and code 3314 in trou­
ser fabrication) so that averages by department for all sewingmachine operators combined may be computed.

Sewing-machine operators working on coat fabrication
are to be classified according to the follow ing breakdown:




84

Shaper, undercollar, hand

Join side seam s — Joins back to forepart (front) of

garment.

Marks and trims undercollar by hand with the aid o f a
special pattern known as an “undercollar shaper.”

Join undercollar, jo in sleeve lining, o r p ie c e p o ck -

efa-^Includes operators who join undercollar cloth
and undercollar canvas; or join top-sleeve lining to
undersleeve lining; or sew cloth and lining facings to
the pocket lining and may also make the cash
pocket.

Tailor, all-around

Performs several or all of the hand basting,hand sewing,
and sewing-machine operations included in the making of
a coat.

L ining m aker, b o d y — Sews lining to facing and
makes inside breast pocket by machine (double needle
knife machine or Reese pocket machine).
P ad collar an d lapels — Joins (pads or quilts) collar

and lapel or forepart to canvas by numerous rows of
blind stitching.

Thread trimmer and basting puller

Trims loose thread ends and removes basting threads
of trousers prior to pressing.
Workers who also carefully examine and inspect gar­
ments are classified as inspectors, final.
Underpresser

P o c k e t se ttin g an d ta ck in g — Sews flap and beason

to front, cuts open, turns, tacks corners, and sews
around silesia pocket; sets outside welt, cuts open,
tacks corners, and sews around silesia pocket.

Uses hand iron, machine iron, or powered press to
press various parts of coat such as armholes, darts, long
seams, short seams, etc., during the fabricating process.

S ew d a rts, c lo th — Sews the “darts,” “gores,” or
“clams” in the body at the waist o f coat front (cloth).

TROUSER FABR IC ATIO N

S ew s edge ta p e — Sews narrow tape down front

edges o f coat and across bottoms after facing is first
attached to front by hand or machine basting. Usu­
ally performed on sewing machine with cutting
attachment.

Inspector, final

(Examiner)
Examines and inspects completed trousers prior to
pressing or shipping. Work involves: Determining whether
the trousers conform to shop standards of quality and
marking defects such as dropped stitches, bad seams, etc.
In addition, may make minor repairs.
Thread trimmers who may only casually inspect gar­
ments are not included in this classification. In many
shops manufacturing inexpensive garments there will be
no inspectors falling within this description; in those
shops whatever inspection is carried on is usually per­
formed by thread trimmers.

S ew in sleeve — Sews completed sleeves to the body

of the coat.
S leeve m aking, c lo th — Sews in seam of cloth, makes

turnups with wigan, sews elbow seams, and makes
sleeve vent by machine.
Tape arm h oles — Sews a narrow tape and/or bias
strip to the armholes of either, or both, front and back
parts o f coat.
O th er sew ing-m achine o perators, n.e.c.

Presser, finish

Performs all the fin a l pressing operations, both tops
and legs, on completed trousers, by means of steam­
pressing machine. Workers who press only a portion of the
completed garment are n o t included in this classification.

Shaper, edge and bottom, clicker machine

Pairs fronts, places them on block, sets metal die on
fronts, and clicks machine.

Sewer, hand

Shaper, edge and bottom, hand

Marks and trims lapels, front edge, and bottom o f coat
with shears. Lapels are marked by means of a special pat­
tern or “shaper.” The lower part o f the front edge and
bottoms may also be marked with the aid of special pat­
terns.




85

(Finisher)
Performs sewing operations by hand including sewing
on buttons, making buttonholes, sewing on size tickets,
stitching edges, closing openings that have been left by
various hand-machine operations, etc.

Sewing-machine operator

Underpresser

Sewing-machine operators working on trouser fabri­
cation are to be classified according to the following
breakdown:

Uses hand iron, machine iron, or a powered press to
press garment parts such as pockets, seams, etc., during
the fabricating process.

A ttach f l y — Attaches either/or both right and left
fly to trousers.
A ttach waistband — Attaches cloth waistband all
around top of trousers.
A ttach zip p er — Sews zipper to either/or both left

and right flys.
Bartacking — Sews bartacks at various parts of gar­

ment, such as at ends of pocket openings, at the bot­
tom of fly opening, at top and bottom o f belt loops,
and/or buttonhole ends for reinforcement, on a
specially designed sewing machine.
Join inseams — Joins front and back legs at inner

seam.
Join outseam s — Joins front and back legs at outer

seam.
Join seatseams — Joins right and left halves of
trousers at the center, back or seatseams.
Make p o ck ets — Makes either complete front, side
or back pockets, or complete pockets exclusive of
sewing facings (piecings) to pocket linings.
Piecing f ly s — Performs operations for preparing the

fly prior to attaching fly to trousers, exclusive of zip­
per sewing.
Piecing p o ck ets — Sews cloth facings to pocket
linings before linings are sewed to trousers.
Serging — Makes covering (or overlocking, over­
casting, or serging) stitch over raw edges o f cloth on a
special machine to prevent ravelling.
Sew on waistband lining — Sews waistband lining to
cloth waistband, or to top o f trousers when there is no
separate cloth waistband, or a plain or special machine.
Stitch p o ck e ts — Stitches around edge of pocket
lining, after the pockets have been turned, as a rein­
forcing seam.
O ther sewing-machine operators , n. e.c.
Thread trimmer and basting puller

Trims loose thread ends and removes basting threads
of trousers prior to pressing.
Workers who also carefully examine and inspect gar­
ments are classified as inspectors, final.




MISCELLANEOUS
Adjuster

(Sewing-machine repairman)
Adjusts and repairs sewing machines used in the estab­
lishment. Work involves m o st o f the following: Examines
machines faulty in operation to diagnose source of trou­
ble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines, replacing
broken or worn out parts or performing other repairs, and
reassembling machines; adjusting machines to function
efficiently by turning adjustment screws and nuts; regu­
lating length of stroke of needle and horizontal movement
feeding mechanism under needle; replacing or repairing
transmission belts; preparing specifications for major
repairs and initiating orders for replacement parts; using a
variety o f handtools in fitting and replacing parts. May
also do adjustments on pressing machines.
Janitor

Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory work­
ing areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apart­
ment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties
involve a com bination o f the following: Sweeping, mop­
ping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or
fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing
supplies and minor maintenance services; cleaning lav­
atories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize
in window washing are excluded.
Packer

Places finished garments in shipping containers. In add­
ition may also seal or close container, and/or place ship­
ping or identification marks on container.
Stock clerk, garments

Receives completed garments, stores garments ac­
cording to size, style, and color; and prepares garments
for shipment. May also assemble parts (coats, vests, and
trousers) into complete garments and keep records of
garments received and prepared for shipment.
This classification does not include stockroom helpers
or employees who supervise stock clerks and helpers.

Stock clerk, piece goods

Receives bolts of cloth (piece goods) and checks the
receipts against orders; arranges the cloth in bins or on
shelves according to style, quality, and color; and issues
cloth to cutting department according to requisitions.
May also keep inventory records o f stock and notify the
proper official when cloth is needed; and issue linings and
findings such as buttons, thread, and tape.




87

This classification does not include stockroom helpers
or employees who supervise stock clerks and helpers.
Work distributor

(Bundle carrier)
Carries or trucks garments in various stages of com­
pletion to the worker who is to perform the next oper­
ation on the garment. May exercise some discretion in dis­
tributing work, but has no supervisory responsibilities.




In d u s try W a g e S tu d ie s

The most recent reports for industries included in the
Bureau’s program of industry wage surveys since January
1950 are listed below. Those for which a price is shown
are available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or

I.

any of its regional sales offices. Those for which a price
is not shown may be obtained free as long as a supply is
available, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washing­
ton, D.C., 20212, or from any of the regional offices
shown on the inside back cover.

Occupational Wage Studies
M anufacturing

Price
Basic Iron and Steel, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1602 ............................................................................................................ $0.55
Candy and Other Confectionery Products, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1520 ............................................................................... 30
*Canning and Freezing, 1957. BLS Report 1 3 6 ..............................................................................................................
Free
Cigar Manufacturing, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1 5 8 1 ...................................................................................................................... 25
Cigarette Manufacturing, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1472 ............................................................................................................. 20
Cotton and Man-Made Fiber Textiles, 1968. BLS Bulletin 16 3 7 ...............................................................................
1.00
Distilled Liquors, 1952. Series 2, No. 8 8 .......................................................................................................................
Free
Fabricated Structural Steel, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1695 ........................................................................................................ 50
Fertilizer Manufacturing, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1 5 3 1 ............................................................................................................... 30
Flour and Other Grain Mill Products, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1576 ........................................................................................ 25
Fluid Milk Industry, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1464........................................................................................................................ 30
Footwear, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1634 ........................................................................................................................................ 75
Hosiery, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1562 ............................................................................................................................................. 70
Industrial Chemicals, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1529 ...................................................................................................................... 40
Iron and Steel Foundries, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1626.....................................................................................................
1.00
Leather Tanning and Finishing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1 6 1 8 ....................................................................................................55
Machinery Manufacturing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1664 ............................................................................................................. 65
Meat Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1 6 7 7 .......................................................................................................................
1.00
Men’s and Boys’ Shirts (Except Work Shirts) and Nightwear, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1659................................................. 65
Men’s and Boys’ Suits and Coats, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1594 ............................................................................................... 75
Miscellaneous Plastics Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1 6 9 0 ....................................................................................................60
Miscellaneous Textiles, 1953. BLS Report 5 6 ..............................................................................................................
Free
Motor Vehicles and Parts, 1969, BLS Bulletin 1679............................................................................................................... 75
Nonferrous Foundries, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1 4 9 8 ....................................................................................................................40
Paints and Varnishes, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1 5 2 4 ...................................................................................................................... 40
Paperboard Containers and Boxes, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1 4 7 8 .....................................................................................
.70
Petroleum Refining, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1526 ...................................................................................................................... 30
Pressed or Blown Glass and Glassware, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1713.........................................................................................50
*Processed Waste, 1957. BLS Report 1 2 4 .......................................................................................................................
Free
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1 6 0 8 ............................................................................................... 60
Radio, Television, and Related Products, 1951. Series 2, No. 8 4 ..............................................................................
Free
Railroad Cars, 1952. Series 2, No. 86 ..........................................................................................................................
Free
*Raw Sugar, 1957. BLS Report 1 3 6 ................................................................................................................................
Free
Southern Sawmills and Planing Mills, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1694...........................................................................................50
Structural Clay Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1 6 9 7 ............................................................................................................... 65
Synthetic Fibers, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1540 ............................................................................................................................. 30
Synthetic Textiles, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1 5 0 9 ...........................................................................................................................40 *
* Studies of the effects of the $1 minimum wage.



I.

Occupational Wage Studies— Continued
M anufacturin g — Con tin u ed

Price
Textile Dyeing and Finishing, 196 5 -6 6 . BLS Bulletin 1527 ...................................................................................
$0.45
^Tobacco Stemming and Redrying, 1957. BLS Report 1 3 6 .....................................................................................
Free
West Coast Sawmilling, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1704.......................................................................................................
.45
Women’s and Misses’ Coats and Suits, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1508..............................................................................
.25
Women’s and Misses’ Dresses, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1649 ..........................................................................................
.45
.60
Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1 6 5 1 .......................................................
*Wooden Containers, 1957. BLS Report 1 2 6 ..............................................................................................................
Free
Wool Textiles, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1 5 5 1 ..................................................................................................................................45
Work Clothing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1624.....................................................................................................................
.50
N o n m an u factu rin g

Auto Dealer Repair Shops, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1689 ..............................................................................................
Banking, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1703.................................................................................................................................
Bituminous Coal Mining 1967, BLS Bulletin 1583 ...................................................................................................
Communications, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1696 ....................................... ......................................................................
Contract Cleaning Services, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1644 ..............................................................................................
Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas Production, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1566 ............................................................
Department and Women’s Ready-to-Wear Stores, 1950. Series 2, No. 78 ............................................................
Eating and Drinking Places, 1966- 67. BLS Bulletin 1588 .....................................................................................
Educational Institutions: Nonteaching Employees, 1968— BLS Bulletin 1671 ............................................
69.
Electric and Gas Utilities, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1614 ................................................................................................
Hospitals, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1688 ............................................................................................................................
Hotels and Motels, 1966— BLS Bulletin 1587 .....................................................................................................
67.
Laundry and Cleaning Services, 1967— BLS Bulletin 1645 ..............................................................................
68.
Life Insurance, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1569 ...................................................................................................................
Motion Picture Theaters, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1542 ................................................................................................
Nursing Homes and Related Facilities, 1967—
68. BLS Bulletin 1638 ...................................................................

.50
.65
.50
.30
.55
.30
Free
.40
.50
.70
1.00
.40
.30
.35
.35
.75

II. Other Industry Wage Studies

Factory Workers’ Earnings— Distribution by Straight-Time Hourly Earnings, 1958. BLS Bulletin 1252 . . .
Factory Workers’ Earnings— Selected Manufacturing Industries, 1959. BLS Bulletin 1275 ............................
Employee Earnings and Hours in Nonmetropolitan Areas of the South and
North Central Regions, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1552 ..............................................................................................
Employee Earnings and Hours in Eight Metropolitan Areas of the South, 1965.
BLS Bulletin 1533 .................. ..................................................................................................................................
Employee Earnings and Hours in Retail Trade, June 1 9 6 6 Retail Trade (Overall Summary). BLS Bulletin 1584 .........................................................................................
Building Materials, Hardware, and Farm Equipment Dealers. BLS Bulletin 1584-1 .......................................
General Merchandise Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-2 ..............................................................................................
Food Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-3 ..........................................................................................................................
Automotive Dealers and Gasoline Service Stations. BLS Bulletin 1584-4 .......................................................
Apparel and Accessory Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-5 ............................................................................................
Furniture, Home Furnishings, and Household Appliance Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-6 ................................
Miscellaneous Retail Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-7 .................................................................................................
* Studies of the effects of the $1 minimum wage.



☆ U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1972 O - 4 8 4 -7 8 8 (51)

.40
.35
.50
.40
1.00
.30
.55
.60
.50
.55
.50
.65*

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

Region I
1603-JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III, 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Region II
341 Ninth Ave., Rm. 1025
New York, N.Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region VI
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Regions VII and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F

LABO R

BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, $300




|

THIRD CLASS

M TT
A

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. D EP A R TM E N T OF LABOR


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102