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Industry Wage Survey:
Men’s and Boys’
Separate Trousers,
June 1974
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
1976




Industry Wage Survey:
Men’s and Boys’
Separate Trousers,
June 1974
U.S. Department of Labor
W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
1976
Bulletin 1906

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
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Stock No. 0 2 9 -0 0 1 -0 1 9 0 1 -7 /C atalog No. L 2.3:1906







Preface
This bulletin summarizes the results of a BLS survey of wages and related benefits in
the men’s and boys’ separate trousers manufacturing industry in June 1974. A similar
survey was conducted in January 1971.
Separate releases for the following States and areas were issued earlier: Alabama,
Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, and
Northeast Pennsylvania. Copies are available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics,
Washington, D.C. 20212, or from any of its regional offices.
The study was conducted in the Bureau’s Office of Wages and Industrial Relations.
Joseph C. Bush of the Division of Occupational Wage Structures prepared the analysis.
Field work for the survey was directed by the Assistant Regional Commissioners for
Operations.
Other reports available from the Bureau’s program of industry wage studies, as well as
the addresses of the Bureau’s regional offices, are listed at the end of this bulletin.
Material in this publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced without
permission of the Federal Government. Please credit the Bureau of Labor Statistics and
cite the name and number of the publication.




iii




Contents
P age

Summary
................................................................................................................................................
1
Industry characteristics
................................................................................................................................................................
1
L o c a t io n ......................................................................................................................................................................................1
Size of establishm ent................................................................................................................ * ....................................... 1
Unionization
......................................................................................................................................................................... 1
Sex and occupation
............................................................................................................................................................. 1
Method o f wage p a y m e n t ......................................................................................................................................................... 2
Average hourly earnings ........................................................................................................................
2
Occupational e a r n in g s ..........................................................................................................................................................................3
Establishment practices and supplementarywage provisions ..................................................................................................
3
Minimum job r a t e s ......................................................................................................................................................................3
Scheduled weekly hours and shift practices.................................................................................................................... t 4
Paid holidays ..............................................................................................................................................................................4
Paid v a c a tio n s..............................................................................................................................................................................4
Health, insurance, and retirement plans ................................................................................................................................. 4
Other selected benefits ..............................................................................................................................................................4
Test tables:
1. Percent of workers in establishments operating under labor-management agreements, by selected
characteristics ..............................................................................................................................................................2
2. Pay relatives for eight job classifications, selected regions and S ta te s ......................................................................... 4
Reference tables:
1. Average hourly earnings:By selected characteristics...........................................................................................5
2. Average hourly earnings and employment characteristics: Selected States and areas . ..................................5
Earnings distribution:
3. All establishm ents................................................................................................................................................. 6
4. By size of community
..................................................................................................................................... 7
5. By labor-management contractco v era g e.............................................................................................................. 8
Occupational averages:
6. All establishm en ts................................................................................................................................................. 9
7. By size of community
....................................................................................................................................11
8. By size of establishment
....................................................................................................................................12
9. By labor-management contractco v era g e.............................................................................................................14
Occupational earnings:
10. A la b a m a ................................................................................................................................................................15
11. Georgia
................................................................................................................................................................ 17
12. Mississippi
............................................................................................................................................................ 19
13. Missouri ................................................................................................................................................................21
14. North Carolina
................................................................................................................................................... 23
15. Pennsylvania
....................................................................................................................................................... 24
16. Tennessee
............................................................................................................................................................26
17. Northeast Pennsylvania........................................................................................................................................27



v

Page
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
18. Method of wage p a y m e n t................................................................................................................................... 29
19. Minimum job r a t e s ............................................................................................................................................... 29
20. Scheduled weekly hours and days
....................................................................................................................30
21. Paid holidays ....................................................................................................................................................... 30
22. Paid v a ca tio n s.................................................................................................................................................• • 31
23. Health, insurance, and retirement plans ........................................................................................................... 32
24. Other selected b e n e f i t s ....................................................................................................................................... 32
Appendixes:
A.
Scope and method of su r v e y ............................................................................................................................... 33
B.
Occupational descriptions................................................................................................................................... 36




VI

M e n ’s and B o y s ’ Separate Trousers, Ju n e 1974
from cotton or man-made fibers employed nearly all
production workers in the survey.

Summary

Straight-time earnings of production and related workers
in the separate trousers industry averaged $2.64 an hour in
June 1974.1 Earnings of 95 percent of the 71,086 workers
within scope of the study were between $2 and $4; about
18 percent earned between $2 and $2.05.2 The $2.64
average was 29 percent above the $2.04 recorded in a
similar survey of January 1971.
Workers in union establishments, constituting one-third
of the work force, averaged $2.85 an hour in June 1974,
compared with $2.54 for workers in nonunion plants.
Earnings levels, heavily influenced by piecework rates,'also
varied by location, establishment size, and occupation.
Among the occupations studied separately, averages
ranged from $2.32 an hour for janitors to $3.80 for
sewing-machine adjusters. Machine cloth cutters, cloth
cutters and markers, markers, machine finish pressers, and
shipping clerks were the other jobs studied separately that
averaged above $3 an hour. The 43,292 sewing-machine
operators, three-fifths of all production workers, averaged
$2.59 an hour.
More than nine-tenths of the production workers were in
establishments providing paid holidays, paid vacations, and
at least part of the cost of life, hospitalization, and surgical
insurance. Retirement pension plans were available to
nearly one-half of the workers.

The Southeast region employed slightly over
two-fifths of the industry’s 71,086 production workers and
the Southwest,4 about three-tenths. None of the other four
regions studied separately had as much as one-tenth of the
work force.
Plants in nonmetropolitan areas employed about threefifths of the industry’s workers. Among the regions, the
proportions of workers in nonmetropolitan areas were
four-fifths or more in the Southeast and Middle West,
nearly one-half in the Border States, approximately twofifths in the Great Lakes, and one-sixth in the Middle
Atlantic.
Slightly over one-half of the industry’s production
workers were in the seven States for which separate data
were tabulated: Georgia (10,776), Mississippi (8,058),
Tennessee (5,601), Pennsylvania (4,329), Alabama (3,587),
Missouri (2,270), and North Carolina (1,551). In Northeast
Pennsylvania (principally Scranton), the only area for
which separate data were developed, production workers
totaled 1,573.
L o c a tio n .

Employment in individual establish­
ments studied ranged from 20 workers to over 1,000.
Nationwide, nearly two-thirds of the workers were in plants
with 250 workers or more. In the selected regions, the
proportion in the larger size group varied widely and ranged
from three-tenths in the Great Lakes to four-fifths in the
Border States.

S iz e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t.

Industry characteristics

In June 1974, establishments within scope of the survey
employed 71,086 production and related workers, approxi­
mately the same number as in January 1971, the date of
the previous BLS survey.3 Only those plants whose primary
product was men’s tailored pants that were not part of a
suit were included in the survey. Excluded were establish­
ments whose primary product was work pants, jean-cut
casual slacks, or women’s apparel. In June 1974, plants
manufacturing trousers predominantly from fabrics made

U n io n iz a tto n . Plants operating under labor-management
agreements employed one-third of the workers in the
industry. The extent to which labor-management agreement
coverage varied by region, size of establishment, and size of
community is indicated in text table 1. The major union in
the industry is the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of
America (AFL-CIO).

Women, 86 percent of the industry’s
work force, were employed mostly as sewing-machine

S e x a n d o c c u p a tio n .
1See appendix A for scope and method o f survey. Wage date
exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts. Establishments with fewer than 20 workers
when data for the universe were compiled were excluded.
2At the time of the survey, the Federal minimum wage for
manufacturing industries was $2 an hour.
3Results o f the January 1971 survey were presented in I n d u s tr y
W age S u r v e y , M e n 's a n d B o y s ' S e p a r a te T ro u sers, J a n u a ry 1 9 7 1 ,
BLS Bulletin 1752 (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1972).




4
Data for approximately 22,500 workers in the Southwest
region are not shown separately because a large proportion of these
workers were in establishments which did not furnish data and
which could not be represented appropriately by other establish­
ments. Thus, Southwest data collected did not meet BLS publica­
tion standards for separate presentation, but were included in
nationwide estimates.

1

T e x t table 1.
characteristics

Percent o f workers in establishments operating under labor-management agreements, by selected
Plant em ploym ent
Region

A ll
plants

U nited States1 .....................................................
Middle A tla n tic
.................................................
Border States
.....................................................
Southeast ............................................................
G reat L a k e s ........................................................
Middle W e s t ........................................................

Plant location

2 0 -2 4 9
workers

250
workers
or more

M etro­
politan
areas

N o n m etro­
politan
areas

3 0 -3 4

3 5 -3 9

3 0 -3 4

40— 4
4

25 —
29

9 0 -9 4
5 0 -5 4
1 0 -1 4
95+
6 5 -6 9

95+
5 6 -5 9
6 -9
95+
6 5 -6 9

8 0 -8 4
5 0 -5 4
1 6 -1 9
95+
6 5 -6 9

95+
2 0 -2 4
3 0 -3 4
95+
95+

6 0 -6 4
8 5 -8 9
1 0 -1 4
95+
5 5 -5 9

1 Includes data for regions in addition to those shown separately.

operators. Other occupations staffed largely by women
included assemblers, final inspectors, garment repairers,
thread trimmers and basting pullers, and underpressers.
Men, on the other hand, made up a large majority of
occupations such as cloth cutters, markers, spreaders,
adjusters (sewing-machine repairers), janitors, and work
distributors. Regionally, the proportion of men in the work
force ranged from 12 percent in the Middle West to 18
percent in the Middle Atlantic.

trouser workers ranged from 33 percent in the Southeast to
18 percent in the Great Lakes.
The 60,781 women covered by the study averaged $2.59
an hour in June 1974— cents an hour less than the
36
10,305 men ($2.95). The average wage advantage for men
ranged from 11 percent in the Border States to 19 percent
in the Great Lakes region. Differences in average pay levels
for men and women may result from several factors,
including differences in the distribution of the sexes among
establishments and jobs having disparate pay levels. Also,
earnings in some jobs are determined largely by production
at peice rates. Variations in incentive earnings for individ­
uals or sex groupings may be traceable to differences in
work experience, effort, work flow, or other factors.
Workers in metropolitan areas averaged $2.72 an hour,
compared with $2.59 for those in smaller communities. In
two of the three regions where data could be published,
metropolitan area workers averaged 31 cents more in the
Middle Atlantic and 8 cents more in the Southeast; in the
Great Lakes, however, plant workers in the smaller com­
munities held a 3 -cent advantage.
Nationwide, average earnings were virtually identical for
workers in the 20-249 size-group ($2.65) and for those in

Incentive wage systems, typically
individual piece rates, were the basis of wage payment for
nearly four-fifths of the production workers. The propor­
tions of workers paid on an incentive basis ranged from
about three-fifths in the Great Lakes to four-fifths in the
Middle West and Southeast regions (table 18).
Sewing-machine operators, final inspectors, machine
finish pressers and underpressers were typically paid under
incentive wage systems. Occupations usually paid time rates
included adjusters (sewing-machine repairers), cutters, jani­
tors, and work distributors.

M e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t.

Average hourly earnings
5Straight-time average hourly earnings in this bulletin differ in
concept from gross average hourly earnings in the Bureau’s monthly
hours and earnings series ($2.73 in June 1974).
Unlike the latter, estimates presented here exclude premium pay
for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Average (mean) earnings were calculated by summing individual
hourly earnings and dividing by the number of individuals; in the
monthly series, the sum of the man-hour totals reported by the
establishments in the industry was divided into the reported payroll
totals.
Estimates of the number o f production workers within scope of
the study are intended only as a general guide to the size and
composition of the labor force in the survey. They exclude
establishments employing fewer than 20 workers and so differ from
the monthly series (81,700 in June 1974). Planning for the survey
required lists of establishments assembled considerably in advance
of data collection. Thus, omitted are (1) establishments new to the
industry, (2) establishments originally classified in the men’s and
boys’ separate trousers industry but found in other industries at the
time of the survey, and (3) establishments manufacturing men’s and
boys’ separate trousers but incorrectly classified when the lists were
compiled.
6See footnote 4.

Straight-time earnings of the 71,086 production and
related workers covered by the survey averaged $2.64 an
hour in June 1974 (table l).5 Workers in the Southeast, the
largest region in terms of employment, averaged $2.60 an
hour. Averages in other regions for which data could be
published6 were $3.19 in the Middle Atlantic, $2.72 in the
Border States, $2.70 in the Great Lakes, and $2.53 in the
Middle West. Among the States shown in table 2, produc­
tion worker averages ranged from $3.15 in Pennsylvania to
$2.52 in Mississippi. An average of $2.91 was recorded in
Northeast Pennsylvania, the only metropolitan area studied
separately.
Overall, the average earnings of production workers rose
29 percent between June 1974 and January 1971, the date
of the previous study. This increase compared with the
25-percent rise in the Federal minimum and a 24-percent
rise in hourly earnings for production workers manufactur­
ing all nondurable goods. Among the regions, increases for



2

plants with at least 250 employees ($2.64). In three of the
four regions for which data could be published, workers in
the larger size-group held the wage advantage; in the Middle
Atlantic region, however, workers in the 20-249 group
averaged 16 cents more than those in the larger group.
Establishments having labor-management contracts cov­
ering a majority of their production workers paid an
average of $2.85 an hour, compared with $2.54 for plants
with none or a minority covered by such agreements. In the
two regions permitting comparisons, the average wage
advantage for workers in plants with agreement coverage
was 48 cents in the Middle West ($2.69 compared with
$2.21) and 34 cents in the Southeast ($2.90 and $2.56).
The survey did not isolate the exact influence of any one
characteristic as a determinant of wage levels. The interrela­
tionship of characteristics, such as unionization with size of
establishment and size of community, is illustrated in the
discussion of industry characteristics.
Nearly nine-tenths of the production workers earned
from $2 to $3.50 an hour (table 3). Nearly one-fifth of the
workers (mostly sewing-machine operators) were paid at or
near the $2 Federal minimum wage for manufacturing
establishments. Concentrations of workers earning $2 but
less than $2.05 an hour were largest in the Great Lakes,
Southeast, and Middle West regions, where they constituted
between 17 and 26 percent of the work force. Distributions
of individual earnings by size of community and union
contract status are presented in tables 4 and 5, respectively.
A weaker link to the Federal minimum wage was evident
in the June 1974 study than in the similar survey of
January 1971,7 when slightly under one-fourth of the
workers were earning at or near the $1.60 minimum 3 years
after it took effect. Despite this decline in the percentage of
workers in trouser manufacturing near the Federal mini­
mum—18 percent—
the proportion was higher than the
average for all factory workers. For example, only 2
percent of the nonsupervisory workers in the manufactur­
ing sector had earnings near the $1.60 minimum in 1970.
And, 2 years before the $2 minimum was in effect, less
than 5 percent of the manufacturing workers were in
companies whose average straight-time hourly earnings fell
below $2.8
Furthermore, the $1.60 to $2 rise in the Federal
minimum in May 1974 appeared to have only a marginal
effect on overall wage levels. According to the Bureau’s
Employment and Earnings series, the gross average earnings
of separate trouser workers increased 2.6 percent from
April to May 1974. In February 1968 when the Federal
minimum wage increased from $1.40 to $1.60, wage levels
rose 6.7 percent from the previous month.

Occupational earnings

Occupations selected to represent earnings levels for the
various activities performed by production and related
workers constituted seven-eighths of the work force in June
1974 (table 6). Average earnings ranged from $2.32 an hour
for janitors to $3.80 for sewing machine adjusters— jobs
two
largely staffed by men and paid time rates. Except for
machine finish pressers, men were predominant in the four
other jobs for which averages above $3 an hour were
recorded—
machine cloth cutters, cloth cutters and markers,
and markers.
The 43,292 sewing-machine operators fabricating men’s
and boys’ separate trousers averaged $2.59 an hour and
were virtually all women. Other numerically important jobs
staffed mostly by women (and also predominantly incentive
paid) included final inspectors ($2.66), thread trimmers and
basting pullers ($2.68), and underpressers ($2.77).
Occupational averages were usually highest in the Middle
Atlantic region and lowest in the Middle West or Southeast.
Averages for virtually all occupations presented for the
Middle Atlantic region were between 12 and 37 percent
higher than their respective nationwide averages; in the
Southeast, most averages were at or lower than their
nationwide levels, (text table 2).
Occupational pay relationships also varied among States
within the same region. In the Southeast, for example,
pocket attachers averaged 16 percent more than work
distributors in North Carolina, 15 percent more in Georgia,
11 percent more in Tennessee, and 5 percent more in
Alabama; but, in Mississippi, work distributors averaged 2
percent more than pocket attachers.
Data on occupational earnings also were tabulated by
size of community, size of establishment, and labormanagement contract coverage (tables 7-9).
Earnings of individual workers varied greatly within the
same job and general location (tables 10-17). For some
jobs, particularly those paid under incentive systems,
earnings were dispersed considerably even within the same
establishment. In many instances, the difference between
the highest and lowest paid workers in the same establish­
ment and job exceeded $1.25 an hour.
Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions

Data also were obtained on certain establishment prac­
tices, such as minimum job rates for machine cutters and
sewing machine operators, and work schedules and selected
supplementary wage provisions for production workers.
Included for study were paid holidays, paid vacations, and
various health, insurance, and retirement plans.

7See footnote 3.
8Unpublished data derived from table 2 of E m p lo y e e C o m p e n s a ­
tio n in th e P r iv a te N o n f a r m E c o n o m y , 1 9 7 2 , Bulletin 1873 (Bureau
of Labor Statistics, 1975). Although not strictly comparable with
individual earnings measures for workers in the trousers industry,
the essential inference that earnings for relatively few workers in
manufacturing as a whole are tied to the Federal minimum is still
valid.




ra te s. Formally established minimum job
rates for machine cutters were reported by 82 of the 164
establishments visited, and for sewing machine operators, in
137 of 164 plants sampled (table 19). Job rates (exclusive

M in im u m j o b

3

Text table 2.

Pay relatives for 8 job classifications, selected regions and States

(U .S . averages = 100)

Sewing-machine operators
Region and State

Middle Atlantic .......................
Border S t a t e s ...........................
Southeast1 ................................
A la b a m a .........................
G eorg ia ...........................
Mississippi .....................
Great L a k e s .............................
Middle W e s t ..............................

Cloth
cutters,
machine

Final
in­
spectors

Finish
pressers,
machine

118

115

137

—

—

—

101
102
97
106
98
95

100
96
103
92
101
95

99
106
93
102
108
101

Total

Attach
pockets

Bar tack­
ing

Join
seatseams

Underpressers

Adjust­
ers

124
106
99
100
100
94
101
95

122
106
100
100
103
94
99
91

120
109
98
95
100
95
94
95

127
100
97
106
100
92
101
100

130
94
96
96
98
92
101
99

112
—

97
94
99
93
97
102

1 Includes States in a dd ition to those show n separately.

of incentive payments) for machine cutters varied widely;
in 30 of the 82 plants, the job rate was between $2 and
$2.50. For sewing machine operators, 120 plants reported
their job rates (exclusive of incentive payments) to be
within 10 cents of the $2 Federal minimum. This proximity
to the minimum wage applied to most of the establishments
in the Southeast, Great Lakes, and Middle West regions, and
to at least two-thirds of the plants in the Middle Atlantic
and Border States.

vacation pay after 1 year of service and at least 2 weeks’
pay after 2 years. Just under one-half of the workers were
in plants providing at least 3 weeks of vacation pay after 15
years of service, Regionally, seven-eighths of the workers in
the Middle Atlantic States, in contrast to only about
one-fourth of those in the Southeast, received at least three
weeks’ vacation.
Health , insurance, and retirement plans. More than nine-

tenths of the production workers received life, hospitaliza­
tion, and surgical insurance coverage, typically financed
wholly by the employer (table 23). Trouser plants paid at
least part of the cost of basic medical insurance for nearly
seven-eighths of the workers and major medical insurance for
two-thirds. Nationwide, nearly two-fifths of the workers
were covered by sickness and accident insurance. Region­
ally, however, the proportions with such pay protection
coverage ranged from approximately nine-tenths in Middle
Atlantic and Great Lakes to one-sixth in the Southeast.
Establishments employing slightly less than one-half of
the production workers provided retirement pension plans
(other than Federal social security). These plans, typically
financed wholly by the employer, ranged in coverage
among regions for which data could be published from
one-half of the workers in the Southeast to all workers in
the Middle Atlantic States.

Scheduled w eekly hours and shift practices. Work schedules

of 40 hours per week were in effect in establishments
employing nearly all production workers (table 20).
Establishments having formal provisions for work on
second shifts employed about 25 percent of the production
workers; those with provisions for third or late-shifts, 6
percent. At the time of the survey, however, only 1.5
percent of the workers actually were employed on late
shifts.
Paid holidays. Paid holidays were provided by establish­

ments employing slightly more than nine-tenths of the
production workers (table 21). The most common full-day
provision was 8 days per year, applying to 31 percent of the
workers, followed by 7 days (25 percent), and 5 days (21
percent). Most of this variation can be explained by
regional patterns. Five days was the most common provi­
sion in the Southeast, whereas 7 or 8 days were usually
observed in the Middle Atlantic, Great Lakes, and Middle
West regions.

Other selected benefits. Nationwide, pay for jury duty was
provided by establishments employing 45 percent o f the
production workers. Slightly more than one-fifth had
provisions for paid funeral leave, and approximately onehalf had daily reporting pay benefits. For all three of these
benefits, the provisions varied by region (table 24). Few
workers (concentrated totally in the Border States region)
received technological severance pay.

Paid vacations. Paid vacations, after qualifying periods of

service, were provided by establishments employing nearly
all of the production workers (table 22). Provisions for a
majority of the production workers were 1 week of




4

T a b le 1.

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s :

B y s e le c te d c h a ra c te ris tic s

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of production workers in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, by selected characteristics,
United States and selected regions, June 1974)
U n ite d S t a te s 2
C h a r a c te ris tic

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r S ta te s

W o rk e r s

E a r n in g s

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s --------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------W o m en -------------------------------------------------------

71, 086
1 0 ,3 0 5
60, 781

$ 2. 64
2 .9 5
2. 59

4 , 994
87 6
4 , 118

$ 3. 19
3 . 64
3. 10

3 ,3 7 5
448
2 , 927

S iz e o f c o m m u n ity :
M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s 3----------------------------------N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s ----------------------------

2 8 ,7 9 6
4 2 ,2 9 0

2. 72
2 .5 9

4 , 220
774

3 .2 4
2. 93

1, 609

S iz e o f e s ta b l is h m e n t :
2 0 -2 4 9 w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------250 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ------------------------------

26, 105
4 4 ,9 8 1

2. 65
2 . 64

3 ,3 3 1
1, 663

3 .2 5
3. 09

615
2 , 760

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c t c o v e ra g e :
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith —
M a jo r it y of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d ----------------N o n e o r m in o r it y c o v e r e d ----------------------

2 3 ,8 6 8
4 7 ,2 1 8

2. 85
2 . 54

4 , 63 0
“

3 .2 1
*
*

~

W o rk e rs

E a r n in g s

W o rk e rs

S o u th e a s t

G reat L akes

M id d le W e s t

E a r n in g s

E a r n in g s

$ 2 . 72
2. 98
2 . 69

3 0 , 680
4 , 632
2 6 , 048

$ 2. 60
2. 87
2. 55

1, 808
261
1, 547

$ 2. 70
3 .1 3
2. 63

2 , 936
338
2, 598

$ 2 . 53
2 . 92
2 .4 8

2. 82

1, 806
2 8 ,8 7 4

2. 68
2. 60

1, 037
771

2. 69
2. 72

2 ,4 5 1

2 . 53

2 . 68
2 . 73

_

W o rk e rs

1 3 ,3 1 4
1 7 ,3 6 6

2. 52
2. 66

1 ,2 8 5
-

2. 65

1 ,4 2 0
1, 516

2 .4 1
2 . 64

3 , 901
2 6 ,7 7 9

2. 90
2 . 56

1, 808

2. 70

1, 93 8
998

2. 69
2 .2 1

_

_
"

W o rk e rs

E a r n in g s

W o rk e rs

E a r n in g s

^ se c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e
3 S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l a r e a s a s d e fin e d by th e U. S. O ffic e of M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1973.
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s ip a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
F o r d e fin itio n o f
r e g i o n s u s e d in t h is a n d s u b s e q u e n t t a b l e s , s e e fo o tn o te 1, ta b le A - l , a p p e n d ix A .
N O T E : D a s h e s i n d ic a te no d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
s h ifts.^




Table 2. Average hourly earnings and employment characteristics: Selected States and areas
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1, a n d p e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g
e s ta b l is h m e n t s b y s e l e c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , s e le c te d s ta t e s a n d a r e a s , 2 J u n e 1974)

S ta te o r A r e a

N um be r
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s a c c o r d in g to —
S iz e o f c o m m u n ity
M e tr o p o lita n
a re a s

S iz e of e s ta b l is h m e n t

N o n m e tr o p o lita n
a re a s

2 0 -2 4 9
w o rk ers

250 w o r k e r s
o r m o re

U n io n c o n tr a c t
s ta tu s
M a jo r it y of
w o r k e r s c o v e re d

S ta te s
A l a b a m a ----------------------------------------------------------G e o r g i a -----------------------------------------------------------M i s s i s s i p p i -----------------------------------------------------M i s s o u r i --------------------------------------------------------N o r th C a r o l i n a ----------------------------------------------P e n n s y l v a n i a --------------------------------------------------T e n n e s s e e -------------------------------------------------------

3, 587
10, 776
8, 058
2 ,2 7 0
1, 551
4 ,3 2 9
5, 601

$ 2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.
2.

69
62
52
60
58
15
62

9

21
22
82
4

91
100
100
79
78
18
96

33
62
28
56
40
61
26

67
38
72
44
60
39
74

3 0 -3 4
5- 9
15 -1 9
7 5 -7 9

100

-

64

36

+ 95

_

-

9 0 -9 4
10- 14

A re a
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a --------------------------------

1, 573

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
a n d l a t e s h if t s .

2 F o r d e fin itio n of a r e a s ,
NOTE:
tio n c r i t e r i a .

s e e fo o tn o te

1. ta b le

17

D a s h e s in d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b l ic a ­

T a b le 3 .

E a rn in g s d is tr ib u tio n :

A il e s ta b lis h m e n ts

(Percent distribution of production workers by straight-time hourly earnings 1 in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments,
United States and selected regions, June 1974)
U n ite d S ta te s 1
2
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s
Toteil
T o t a l ------------------------------------------------------

1 0 0 .0

U n d e r $ 2 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------

0. 2

M en
100. 0

W o m en
100. 0

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

1 0 0 .0

100. 0

S o u th e a s t

100. 0

G re a t
L akes
100. 0

M id d le
W e st
100. 0

-

1 .4

-

0. 1

-

3
3
0
7
7

5 .9
.4
.9
1. 7
1 .0

10. 0
1 .2
2. 0
4. 1
2 .4

1 9 .9
2. 2
3 .4
2 .9
4. 7

17. 5
1. 3
3. 1
3. 1
1 .5

2 6 .4
3. 0
5. 6
3. 1
6. 3

3.
3.
4.
3.
3.

3.
2.
2.
3.
2.

2 .9
5. 6
2. 0
2. 0
2. 3

( 34
)

-

17.
2.
4.
2.
3.

9
1
6
6
5

10. 2
1 .3
2. 3
2 .0
2. 3

19.
2.
5.
2.
3.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.
3.
4.
4.
3.

3
5
6
0
6

3. 8
2 .0
5. 8
5. 0
2 .9

4 .4
3. 8
4 .4
3 .8
3. 7

2. 1
2. 0
1 .9
2 .0
2. 1

2.
4.
2.
9.
4.

0
0
0
0
0

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

6.
6.
5.
4.
3.

7
2
2
7
6

5. 7
5. 7
4 .9
4. 7
3. 6

6 .9
6. 3
5. 2
4. 7
3. 6

4.
5.
4.
4.
7.

7. 5
5. 6
6. 7
4 .9
4. 1

6. 8
6 .4
5. 5
5. 0
3. 2

9. 1
6. 1
4. 3
6 .4
5 .9

5.
7.
4.
3.
2.

.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

0
0
0
0
0

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 .2
2 .9
2. 3
2. 0
1. 7

3. 5
2. 8
2. 7
2 .4
2. 3

3 .2
2 .9
2. 3
1 .9
1 .6

5. 7
4 .4
4. 7
3 .3
2. 8

3.
3.
4.
2.
2.

3. 2
2. 6
2. 2
1 .9
1. 7

4.
4.
3.
3.
2.

9
2
1
0
5

2. 6
2. 0
2. 0
1 .9
2. 2

$ 3. 6
$3. 7
$ 3 .8
$ 3 .9
$ 4 .0

0
0
0
0
0

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. 8
1 .3
1 .3
1 .0
.8

3 .0
2. 0
2. 5
1 .9
1 .8

1. 6
1 .2
1 .0
.8
.6

3. 5
2 .9
3. 7
2. 6
2. 8

1 .9
1 .5
1 .9
1 .3
.9

1. 7
1 .3
.9
.9
.7

2. 6
1 .8
1. 1
1 .3
.5

1 .4
.7
1 .2
.8
.7

$ 2 .0 0
$ 2 . 05
$ 2 . 10
$ 2 . 15
$ 2 . 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 . 0 5 ---------------------------------$ 2 . 10 ---------------------------------$ 2 . 1 5 ---------------------------------$ 2 . 2 0 ---------------------------------$ 2 . 2 5 ----------------------------------

$ 2 .2 5
$ 2 . 30
$ 2 . 35
$ 2 .4 0
$ 2 .4 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

.3
.3
.4
.4
.5

0
5
0
5
0

$ 2 . 50
$ 2 . 60
$ 2 . 70
$ 2 . 80
$ 2 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2. 6
$ 2 .7
$ 2 .8
$2. 9
$ 3 .0

$ 3 . 00
$ 3 .1 0
$ 3 . 20
$ 3 . 30
$ 3 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

$ 3 . 50
$ 3 . 60
$ 3. 70
$ 3 . 80
$ 3 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
under
under

2
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3

9
3
6
6
8

2
1
6
8
4

2
1
0
8
1

8
6
5
8
8

3
3
8
0
2

8
1
0
1
1

4. 3

4 12. 8

2. 8

5 16. 3

4. 4

3. 3

3. 0

3. 3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------

7 1 ,0 8 6

1 0 ,3 0 5

6 0 ,7 8 1

4 , 994

3, 375

3 0 ,6 8 0

1 ,8 0 8

2, 936

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 -----------------------------

$ 2 . 64

$ 2 .9 5

$ 2 .5 9

$ 3 . 19

$ 2 . 72

$ 2 . 60

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 .5 3

$ 4 . 00 a n d o v e r -----------------------------------------------

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e
s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 L e s s th a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 1 .8 p e r c e n t a t $ 4 a n d u n d e r $ 4 . 10; 1 .6 p e r c e n t a t $ 4 . 1 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 . 2 0 ; 1 .2 p e r c e n t a t $ 4 . 2 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 .3 0 ; 1 .0 p e r c e n t a t
$ 4 . 3 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 . 4 0 ; 1 .3 p e r c e n t a t $ 4 . 4 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 .5 0 ; a n d 6 . 0 p e r c e n t a t




$ 4 . 50 a n d o v e r .
5
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 2. 7 p e r c e n t a t $ 4 a n d u n d e r $ 4 . 10; 1. 8 p e r ­
c e n t a t $ 4 . 1 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 . 2 0 ; 1 .6 p e r c e n t a t $ 4 .2 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 .3 0 ; 1 .3 p e r c e n t a t
$ 4 .3 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 . 4 0 ; 1 .4 p e r c e n t a t $ 4 .4 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 . 5 0 ; a n d 7 .7 p e r c e n t a t $ 4 .5 0
and o v e r.
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i t e m s m a y n o t e q u a l 100.

T a b le 4 .

E a rn in g s d is tr ib u tio n :

By size o f c o m m u n ity

(Percent distribution of production workers by straight-time hourly earnings 1 and community size in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments,
United States and selected regions, June 1974)
U n ited S t a te s 2
H o u r ly e a r n i n g s

M e tr o p o li ta n
a re a s

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

M id d le A tla n tic

N o n m e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s

M e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s

N o n m e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s

1 0 0 .0

100. 0

0 .3

0. 1

-

-

$ 2 . 0 5 -------------------------- ---------------------$ 2 . 1 0 -------- ----------- -------------- ------------$ 2 . 15 — —
- $ 2 . 20 ----------------------------------------------$ 2 . 2 5 ------------------------------------------------

1 8 .2
1 .7
2. 7
2. 1
2 .4

17. 7
2. 5
5 .9
3 .0
4. 3

5 .0
.3
.8
.7
1 .0

10. 5
.8
1. 7
7. 2
1 .3

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 . 3 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 2 . 35 — ------------------------------------------—
$ 2 . 4 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 2 . 4 5 -----------------------------------------------$ 2 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------------

3. 7
2. 8
4. 3
4 .4
3. 6

4. 7
4. 1
4 .9
3. 8
3. 6

1 .8
1 .8
1 .8
2 .0
2. 1

3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2. 6 0
$2. 7 0
$2. 8 0
$ 2 .9 0
$3. 0 0

------------------------------------------------------ ------- -------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------- - - - ------------------------------------------------

6. 7
6. 1
5 .4
4. 4
4 .2

6. 7
6. 3
5. 1
4. 9
3. 2

$ 3 . 00
$ 3 .1 0
$ 3 .2 0
$ 3 . 30
$ 3 .4 0

and
and
arid
and
and

under
unde r
under
under
under

$ 3 . 1 0 ------- ----------------------------------------$ 3 . 2 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 3 . 3 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 3 . 4 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 3 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------------

3 .6
3 .4
2. 7
2 .3
1 .8

$ 3 .5 0
$ 3 . 60
$ 3 . 70
$ 3 . 80
$ 3 . 90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 . 6 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 3 . 7 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 3 . 8 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 3 . 9 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 4 . 0 0 ------------------------------------------------

$ 4 .0 0
$ 4 . 10
$ 4 .2 0
$ 4 .3 0
$ 4 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 . 1 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 4 . 2 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 4 . 3 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 4 . 4 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 4 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------------

U n d e r $ 2 .0 0

................

$ 2 .0 0
$ 2 . 05
$ 2 . 10
$ 2 .1 5
$ 2 .2 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 .2 5
$ 2 . 30
$ 2 .3 5
$ 2 .4 0
$ 2 .4 5

and
and
and
and
and

$ 2 . 50
$ 2 . 60
$ 2 . 70
$ 2 .8 0
$ 2 . 90

-

........................

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

B o rd er
S ta te s
N o n m e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s
1 0 0 .0

S o u th e a s t
M e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s
100. 0

G re a t L akes

N o n m e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s
1 0 0 .0

M e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s
100. 0

N o n m e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s
1 0 0 .0

— m xsrz—
W est
N o n m e tr o ­
p o lita n
a re a s
100. 0

_

_

20. 9
1 .4
3. 2
1 .9
1 .4

1 2 .8
1 .3
3 .0
4. 7
1 .7

25. 1
2. 9
6. 5
2 .2
6 .9

3. 6
3 .7
4. 7
3. 6
3 .9

3. 7
2. 2
3. 3
3 .2
2. 2

2. 7
2 .5
2 .2
2. 7
2. 1

2. 8
6. 2
2. 0
2 .2
2. 0

1
5
1
1
2

6 .9
6 .4
5 .5
5. 0
3 .2

5.
6.
5.
5.
6.

7
9
0
0
2

1 3 .7
5. 1
3 .2
8. 3
5 .6

4 .9
7. 7
3 .9
3. 1
2. 2

3 .9
3 .4
5 .0
2. 7
1 .6

4. 8
3. 8
2. 7
2. 3
1 .9

3. 1
2 .5
2. 2
1 .9
1 .7

4 .9
3. 5
3. 2
3. 3
2. 0

4. 8
5 .2
3 .0
2. 7
3. 1

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2. 5
3. 5
2. 1
1 .6
2. 1

2. 2
1 .7
2 .0
1 .6
1 .4

3. 0
.9
1 .6
.8
.8

1 .6
1 .3
.9
.9
.7

2 .4
2. 3
.9
1. 7
. 1

2 .9
1 .0
1 .3
.8
1 .0

1 .5
.8
1 .3
1 .0
.6

2 .8
2 .0
1 .7
1 .4
1 .5

1 .8
.5
1 .0
.9
.9

1 .3
1 .6
1. 1
.6
.5

.2
. 1
.2
.8
.4

.6
.5
.3
.3
.3

.8
.5
.3
.3
.3

.9
_
.5
_
.3

.4
.5
.2
.3
.7

1 .9

.

( 3)

3 .2
. 1
.5
5 .5
1 .0

15. 6
1 .7
2 .0
1 .6
4 .5

2 0 .2
2. 3
3 .5
3 .0
4. 7

6
8
6
2
3

.2
4 .5
2 .5
16. 1
5 .0

7. 5
2. 3
2 .0
7. 6
1 .8

4 .6
5 .4
4 .6
4. 8
8 .3

6. 2
5. 0
4. 8
3. 6
4 .9

7. 1
4. 5
6 .2
6. 7
3. 6

5.
6.
6.
6.
4.

2 .9
2. 6
2. 1
1 .8
1 .6

6 .0
4 .6
4. 7
3 .4
2 .6

4 .4
3 .4
4. 5
3. 0
3. 7

2 .0
1 .6
1 .7
1. 1
1 .0

1. 6
1. 1
.9
.8
.7

3 .6
2 .8
4 .0
2. 8
2 .9

1 .0
.7
.5
.5
.5

.6
.5
.4
.3
.3

.2

7
1
1
0
2

$ 4 . 50 a n d o v e r -------------------------------------------------------------

2. 7

8 .2

4. 7

.8

1 .3

1 .2

1 .3

.9

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------

28, 796

4 2 ,2 9 0

4 , 220

774

1, 609

1 ,8 0 6

28, 874

1 ,0 3 7

771

2 ,4 5 1

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 -------------------------------------------

$ 2 . 72

$ 2 .5 9

$ 3 .2 4

$ 2 .9 3

$ 2 . 82

$ 2 . 68

$ 2 . 60

$ 2 . 69

$ 2 . 72

$ 2 .5 3

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e
la te s h if ts .




a n d f o r w o rk

1. 1

on w e e k e n d s ,

h o lid a y s ,

and

2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h e s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

1. 7




T a b le 5.

E a rn in g s d is tr ib u tio n :

By la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c t c o v e ra g e

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s b y s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 a n d u n io n c o n t r a c t s ta t u s in m e n 's a n d b o y s s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , J u n e 1974)
M id d le
A tla n tic

U n ite d S ta te s 2
H o u r ly e a r n i n g s

M a jo r ity
of
w o rk ers
c o v e re d

N one o r
m in o r ity
of
w o rk e rs
c o v e re d

T o t a l --------------------------------------------

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

U n d e r $ 2 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------

0 .3

0. 1

M id d le W e s t

S o u th e a s t
M a jo r ity
of
w o rk ers
c o v e re d

M a jo r ity
of
w o rk ers
c o v e re d

100. 0

1 0 0 .0

N one o r
m in o r it y
of
w o rk ers
c o v e re d
1 0 0 .0

M a jo r it y
of
w o rk ers
c o v e re d
1 0 0 .0

N one o r
m in o r it y
of
w o rk e rs
c o v e re d
1 0 0 .0

-

( 3)

( 3)

-

-

$ 2 .0 0
$ 2 .0 5
$ 2 .1 0
$ 2 .1 5
$ 2 .2 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 . 0 5 -----------------------$ 2 . 1 0 -----------------------$ 2 . 1 5 -----------------------$ 2 . 2 0 -----------------------$ 2 . 2 5 ------------------------

1 2 .0
1. 1
1 .8
2. 3
1 .9

2 1 .0
2 .6
6 .0
2 .8
4 .4

6. 1
.4
1 .0
.9
1 .0

12. 6
1 .0
1 .4
1 .8
1. 7

2 1 .0
2 .4
3. 7
3. 0
5. 1

19. 7
2 .4
2 .2
3. 6
3 .0

3 9 .5
4. 1
12. 3
2 .2
12. 6

$ 2 .2 5
$ 2 .3 0
$ 2 .3 5
$ 2 .4 0
$ 2 .4 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 . 3 0 -----------------------$ 2 . 3 5 ----------------------$ 2 . 4 0 -----------------------$ 2 . 4 5 -----------------------$ 2 . 5 0 ------------------------

3. 8
2 .9
4. 3
4. 2
2. 8

4. 5
3 .9
4 .8
3 .9
4 .0

1 .8
1 .9
1 .8
1 .8
2. 1

3 .4
2 .4
2. 2
3. 5
2. 2

3 .9
3. 8
4. 8
3 .9
4. 0

2. 2
6 .2
2. 3
1 .4
2 .4

4 .2
4. 5
1 .5
3. 3
2. 0

$ 2 .5 0
$ 2 . 60
$ 2 . 70
$ 2 .8 0
$ 2 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 . 6 0 -----------------------$ 2 . 7 0 -----------------------$ 2 . 8 0 -----------------------$ 2 . 9 0 -----------------------$ 3 . 0 0 ------------------------

6 .4
6. 8
5 .4
5. 8
5 .0

6 .9
5 .9
5. 1
4. 2
2. 8

4.
5.
4.
4.
8.

5.
6.
5.
7.
5.

3
8
7
8
3

7. 0
6. 3
5 .5
4. 6
2 .9

6. 6
9 .2
4. 8
3 .9
2. 8

4. 1
2. 8
2. 3
1 .6
.6

$ 3 .0 0
$ 3 .1 0
$ 3 .2 0
$ 3 .3 0
$ 3 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

4.
3.
3.
2.
2.

1
8
2
8
2

2. 8
2 .4
1 .9
1 .6
1 .5

5. 7
4 .4
4. 7
3 .4
2. 8

4. 5
4. 3
3. 5
3 .2
2 .9

3. 0
2. 3
2. 0
1 .7
1 .5

3. 6
2 .9
2 .9
2. 7
3 .2

.5
.3
.4
.2
.2

$ 3 .5 0
$ 3 . 60
$ 3 .7 0
$ 3 .8 0
$ 3 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 . 6 0 -----------------------$ 3 . 7 0 -----------------------$ 3 . 8 0 -----------------------$ 3 . 9 0 -----------------------$ 4 . 0 0 ------------------------

2. 6
1 .8
1 .9
1 .5
1 .4

1 .4
1. 1
.9
.7
.5

3. 5
3 .0
3. 7
2. 6
2. 8

2. 8
2 .4
1 .6
1. 6
1 .5

1 .5
1. 1
.9
.8
.6

1 .9
1 .0
1 .9
1 .2
1. 1

.3
. 1
“

$ 4 .0 0
$ 4 . 10
$ 4 . 20
$ 4 .3 0
$ 4 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 . 1 0 -----------------------$ 4 . 2 0 -----------------------$ 4 . 3 0 -----------------------$ 4 . 4 0 -----------------------$ 4 . 5 0 ------------------------

1 .3
1 .2
.9
.6
.6

.5
.3
.2
.3
.2

2. 8
1 .9
1 .6
1 .4
1 .4

1 .3
1 .5
.9
.7
.7

.5
.4
.2
.3
.2

.7
.5
.5
.4
.9

.2
-

3
3
3
3
3

.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

0
0
0
0
0

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7
6
6
6
1

$ 4 . 50 a n d o v e r ------------------------------------

3. 5

.8

7 .9

3. 3

.9

1 .9

. 1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ------------------------------

2 3 ,8 6 8

4 7 ,2 1 8

4 , 630

3 ,9 0 1

2 6 ,7 7 9

1, 938

998

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 --------------------

$ 2 .8 5

$ 2 .5 4

$ 3 . 21

$ 2 .9 0

$ 2 .5 6

$ 2 . 69

$ 2 .2 1

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s
an d la te s h ifts .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s i n a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .

3

L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g ,

s u m s of in d iv id u a l i t e m s

m ay not equal

100.

T a b le 6 .

O c c u p a tio n a l a v e ra g e s :

A ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts

(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l is h m e n t s ,U n it e d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s ,
J u n e 1974)
U n ite d S t a te s 2
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um ber
w o rk ers

C u ttin g :
C u t t e r s , c lo th , m a c h in e (712 m e n , 17 w o m e n ) ----------C u t t e r s a n d m a r k e r s , c lo th (12 1 m e n , 44 w o m e n )---M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------------------------------------S p r e a d e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------T r o u s e r f a b r i c a t io n :
I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l (72 m e n , 1 ,9 6 8 w o m e n ) ------------------P r e s s e r s , f in i s h , m a c h i n e --------------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------S e w in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , t r o u s e r s 3 (235 m e n ,
4 3 ,0 5 7 w o m e n ) ---------------------------------------------------------------A tta c h c r o t c h p i e c e s (3 m e n , 4 3 5 w o m e n ) --------------A t t a c h p o c k e ts (20 m e n , 3 ,8 0 2 w o m e n ) -----------------A t ta c h b e lt lo o p s (14 m e n , 1, 607 w o m e n ) -----------------A t ta c h fly ( a l l w o m e n ) ------------------------------------------------A tta c h w a i s tb a n d (9 m e n , 2 , 112 w o m e n ) -----------------A t t a c h z ip p e r (13 m e n , 865 w o m e n ) ----------------------B a r ta c k in g (1 m a n , 3 , 2 88 w o m e n ) ---------------------------B u tto n h o le m a k e r s (8 m e n , 4 7 8 w o m e n ) ------------------H e m le g b o tto m s ( a l l w o m e n ) -----------------------------------J o in i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s (14 m e n , 3 ,7 6 5 w o m e n )J o in s e a t s e a m s (8 m e n , 1, 607 w o m e n ) ---------------------M a k e lo o p s (1 m a n , 4 8 7 w o m e n ) ------------------------------M a k e p o c k e ts (1 m a n , 1 ,6 0 9 w o m e n ) ---------------------P ie c i n g f ly s (3 m e n , 619 w o m e n ) ---------------------------P i e c i n g p o c k e ts (1 m a n , 1, 656 w o m e n ) ------------------S e r g in g (6 m e n , 1 ,8 9 0 w o m e n ) -------------------------------S e w in g on b u tto n s (4 m e n , 332 w o m e n ) ------------------S e w in g on w a is tb a n d lin in g (4 m e n , 63 5 w o m e n )-----S titc h p o c k e ts (3 m e n , 1 ,2 9 8 w o m e n )----------------------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g p u l l e r s ( 38 m e n ,
1, 642 w o m e n ) ----------------------------------------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s (453 m e n , 1, 163 w o m e n ) ---------------------v lis c e lla n e o u s :
A d j u s t e r s (826 m e n , 9 w o m e n ) -------------------------------------A s s e m b l e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------G a r m e n t r e p a i r e r s , (7 m e n , 745 w o m e n ) ------------------J a n i t o r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------P a c k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------S h ip p in g c l e r k s (1 2 9 m e n , 20 w o m e n ) -------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s --------------------------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s (2 5 9 m e n , 20 w o m e n ) --------W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s ------------------------------------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------S ee f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




729
165
415
291
124
674
587
87
2, 039
3 ,3 9 0
1 ,3 3 3
2 ,0 5 7

M id d le i A tla n tic

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M e an

M e d ia n

$ 3 . 62
3. 62
3. 14
3 .3 6
2. 63
2. 98
3. 00
2. 85

$ 3 .5 9
3. 50
3. 05
3 .3 2
2 . 60
2 . 84
2 .9 3
2. 62

2.
3.
3.
2.

66
01
34
80

-2.
2.
3.
2.

M id d le r a n g e

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

54
22
12
12

B o r d e r S ta te s

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

N um ber

M e an

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

$ 4 .2 7
4 .4 4
3 . 90
3 . 90

$ 4 . 08
4 .4 7

$ 3 . 6 5 - $ 4 . 75
4 . 01 - 4 . 58

w o rk e rs

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le r a n g e

$ 3 .9 8

$ 4 . 16

$ 3 . 1 0 -$ 4. 50

$3. 0 1 -$
2. 5 0 2. 652 .9 3 2 .3 4 2 .4 7 2 .4 7 2 .4 8 -

3. 95
4 . 50
3 . 56
3 . 73
2. 83
3 .3 5
3 .4 0
2 . 82

34
33
-

3 .2 7
3. 28

3 .2 1
3. 27
-

3 . 00 3 . 00 -

3. 50
3. 50
-

26
20
-

55
84
22
69

2. 2 5 2 .3 8 2. 5 7 2 .3 0 -

2 . 99
3 .4 9
3 . 98
3 . 15

186
146
123
23

3 . 06
4 . 12
4 . 25
3 .4 4

2 . 98
4 .2 0
4 .2 6
3 .3 7

2. 603 . 603. 702 .9 1 -

3 .4 2
4. 50
4 . 50
4 . 00

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

36
_
_

_

_

-

4 3 ,2 9 2
438
3, 822
1, 621
1, 922
2, 121
878
3 ,2 8 9
482
1, 296
3, 779
1, 615
488
1, 610
622
1, 657
1, 896
336
639
1 ,3 0 1

2. 59
2 . 52
2. 60
2 .4 9
2. 61
2. 61
2 . 70
2. 57
2. 68
2 . 56
2. 57
2 . 60
2. 70
2. 71
2. 80
2. 59
2. 64
2. 62
2. 65
2. 66

2 .4 5
2 .3 4
2 .4 7
2 .3 2
2 .4 7
2 .4 5
2 . 57
2 .4 2
2. 61
2 .4 7
2 .4 5
2. 50
2. 55
2 . 56
2 . 66
2 .4 2
2 . 50
2 .4 9
2 . 56
2. 52

2. 102. 0 0 2. 0 7 2. 012. 102. 102 . 152 . 132 .2 6 2. 062. 092 . 112 .3 0 2. 2 0 2 .2 5 2 . 102. 142 . 112 . 112. 15-

2 . 87
2 . 88
2 . 92
2 . 71
2 . 91
2 .9 1
3 . 03
2. 78
3 . 00
2 . 85
2. 85
2 .9 1
3 . 00
3 . 05
3 .2 5
2 .9 2
3. 02
2. 89
2. 99
3 . 03

2, 710
41
258
86
101
157
51
126
53
36
201
82
46
167
36
108
134
45
49
104

3 .2 1
3 .2 9
3 . 16
3 .2 9
3 . 50
3 . 14
3 .3 3
3. 08
3. 05
3. 05
3. 19
3 .3 1
3. 00
3. 57
3. 74
3 .2 1
2. 94
3 . 09
3. 55
3 .2 7

3 .0 7
3 .4 5
2. 98
3 . 17
3 .4 3
3. 10
3 . 11
2 . 98
3 . 04
2 . 90
2 .9 7
3 . 10
2. 72
3 .3 9
3 . 80
2 . 98
2 . 88
2 . 85
3 . 64
3 .2 4

2. 63 3. 0 5 2. 642. 7 6 2. 9 1 2. 652. 8 9 2 .4 7 2 .5 3 2. 7 4 2. 5 5 2 . 612 .4 8 2. 98 3. 632. 97 2 .4 1 2 . 603. 0 3 2. 75-

3. 72
3. 70
3. 60
3. 93
4 . 09
3. 67
3. 99
3. 60
3 .5 1
3. 35
3. 78
3. 83
3 .3 7
4 . 01
4 . 07
3. 68
3 .3 3
3. 70
4 . 09
3. 76

1, 952

1, 680
1, 616

2. 68
2. 77

2. 53
2 .4 5

2. 2 0 2 .2 2 -

2. 97
3. 01

100
223

3 .3 2
3 .5 9

2 . 98
3 .2 9

2 . 80 2. 8 0 -

835
794
217
577
752
641
457
184
584
330
254
149
349
194
155
279
1, 940
1 ,4 6 5
475

3. 80
2. 64
2. 77
2. 59
2. 50
2 .3 2
2 .3 5
2. 24
2. 71
2. 75
2. 66
3. 02
2. 59
2. 66
2 .4 9
2. 58
2 .4 2
2 .4 3
2 .4 0

3 . 75
2. 54
2. 80
2 .4 5
2 .4 0
2 . 25
2 .2 8
2 . 15
2. 65
2 . 73
2 .4 4
2 . 88
2 . 55
2 . 60
2 .4 5
2. 50
2 .4 0
2 .4 0
2 .3 8

3. 2 7 2 .2 0 2 .4 8 2. 102. 202. 052 . 102. 002 .2 5 2 .3 2 2 .2 0 2. 502 .3 0 2 .4 0 2. 102. 3 0 2 .2 0 2. 2 5 2. 10-

4 . 28
2 . 85
2 . 90
2 . 85
2 . 68
2. 50
2. 50
2 .3 8
3 . 03
3 . 05
3. 01
3 .3 5
2. 83
2. 84
2 . 83
2 . 85
2. 55
2 . 55
2 . 60

44
86
32
54
24
18
6
34
34

4 .2 4
2 . 99
3 . 07
2 . 94

4 .4 4
2 . 90
2 . 90
2. 94

3 .5 9 2 . 652. 752. 50-

-

26
10
7
_

9
109
84
25

-

2 . 67
2 . 74
2 .4 0
3. 25
3 .2 5
_

3. 65
3 .3 0
3 .3 0
_

3 . 60
2 . 87
2 .9 1
2 . 76

-

2 . 63
2 . 83
-

3 .2 5
3 . 25
_

3 .4 4

-

2 . 142 . 18_

3. 0 0 3. 0 0 _

3. 00-

2 .7 5 2 .8 3 -

3 .7 9
3 .7 9

_
_

_
_

-

-

_

3 .1 4

2 . 75
2 . 69
2 .9 9
2 . 71
3 .4 7
2. 81
2. 78
2. 77
2 . 53
2 . 60
2 . 96

2 . 66
2 .4 6
2. 86
2 .4 5
3 . 19
2 . 73
2. 76
2. 60
2 .4 0
2 .4 0
2. 64

2 .4 0 2 .3 1 2 .4 7 2 .2 5 2 .7 7 2 .4 0 2 .4 0 2 .4 5 2 .0 3 2 .1 5 2 .4 0 -

3 .0 3
3 .0 5
3 .4 5
3 .1 9
4 .4 3
3 .2 4
3 .2 3
3 .0 8
2 .8 0
2 .9 5
3 .3 5

47
96
126
27
58
96

2 .9 5
2. 80
2. 75
2. 54
2. 71
2. 79

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

70
66
63
68
66
68

2 .4 0 2 .2 3 2 .3 2 2 .2 2 2 .2 4 2 .3 8 -

3 .6 6
3 .3 0
3 .1 6
2 .8 3
3 .1 4
3 .3 1

3 . 94
4 .4 1

60
136

2. 79
2. 61

2 .4 2
2 .4 3

2 .0 9 2 .3 2 -

3 .3 3
2 .7 8

5. 03
3 .4 7
3 .2 5
3 .4 7

_
_
_

_

3. 08
3. 08
_

3 .4 9
3 .4 9
_

4 . 10

_

_

_

-

-

3. 16
3. 19

2 .3 1 -

_
_

2 .3 0 2. 3 0 2 .4 5 -

3 .2 8
3 .3 5
-

_
_

_

2 .5 9

_
_

-

_

_

2. 74

_
_

2 . 80
2. 78
2 . 80

_

_

-

3 .2 8
3. 29
3. 07

_

172
56
89
115
17
100
16
40
188
69
20
_

_

33
39
37
_

34
26
_

_
_
_
_
31
81
31
“

_

_
_
_

2 .4 1
2 .4 8
2 .4 7
.

2 . 58
2. 61
_

_
_

2. 61
2 .4 7
2. 55
-

2 .4 0
2 .4 5
2 .4 5
_

2. 55
2 . 70

_
_
_
_
_

2. 55
2. 50
2 . 55
“

_

_
_
_
2 .2 5 2 .1 8 2. 15-

2 .4 5
2 .7 0
2. 65

2 .3 0 2 .5 0 -

2 .8 5
2 .8 5

_

_
_
_
_

2 .4 3 2 .2 5 2 .3 5 -

2 .7 8
2 .5 5
2 .8 5

T a b le 6.

O c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s :

A ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — C o n t in u e d

(Num ber and average straight-tim e hourly earn in gs1 of production w orkers in selected occupations in m en's and boys' separate trou sers manufacturing establishments, United States and selected regions,
2
June 1974)

Cutting:
Cutters, cloth, m a ch in e------------------------------------------Cutters and m a rk ers , clo th -------------------------------------M a rk ers -----------------------------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------W om en -----------------------------------------------------------S p rea d e rs ------- '--------------------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------- -----------------W om en -----------------------------------------------------------T rou ser fabrication:
In spectors, f i n a l -----------------------------------------------------P r e s s e r s , finish, m a c h in e --------------------------------------M e n ----------------------------------------------------------------Women ----------------------------------------------------------Sewing-machine operators, tro u sers3-----------------------Attach crotch pieces ------------------------------------------Attach pockets-----------------------------------------------------Attach b elt l o o p s ------------------------------------------------Attach f l y -----------------------------------------------------------Attach w a istb a n d ------------------------------------------------Attach z ip p e r ------------------------------------------------------B a rta ck in g----------------------------------------------------------Buttonhole m a k e r s ----------------------------------------------Hem leg b o tto m s------------------------------------------------Join inseam s and o u ts e a m s ----------------------------------Join s e a ts e a m s ---------------------------------------------------Make loops --------------------------------------------------------Make p o ck ets------------------------------------------------------P iecin g f l y s --------------------------------------------------------P iecin g p o ck ets---------------------------------------------------S e r g in g --------------------------------------------------------------Sewing on buttons-----------------------------------------------Sewing on waistband l in in g ----------------------------------Sticth p o c k e ts -----------------------------------------------------Thread trim m ers and basting
p u lle r s ------------------------------------------------------------------U nd erpressers --------------------------------------------------------M iscellaneous:
A dju sters --------------------------------------------------------------A s s e m b le r s ------------------------------------------------------------M e n ----------------------------------------------------------------W om en -----------------------------------------------------------Garm ent r e p a ir e r s --------------------------------------------------Janitors-------------------------------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------W om en -----------------------------------------------------------Pa eke r s _ . .
_.
.......----------------- ---- -------- M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------W om en -----------------------------------------------------------Shipping clerks -------------------------------------------------------Stock clerk s, ga rm en ts-------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------W om en -----------------------------------------------------------Stock clerk s, piece g o o d s ---------------------------------------Work d is trib u to rs ----------------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------------

Number
of
w orkers

Hourly earnings1

Number
of
w orkers

Hourly earnings1
Mean

Median

Middle range

31
14
11
21
8
-

$ 3. 54
3.30
3.40
2. 86
2. 80
-

$ 3.30
2. 90
-

$3.20-;$ 3. 85
2. 75- 2. 93
-

2.99
3.41
4. 09
3. 09
2. 82
2.33
2. 86
2. 68
2. 80
2. 70
3. 09
2. 76
2. 95
2. 81
2. 82
2. 80
3. 05
2. 85
3. 07
2.88
2. 92
2. 87
2. 78
2. 92

69
109
48
61
929
12
58
29
27
47
19
35
26
22
79
33
11
76
23
37
55
14
26
46

2. 68
3.25
3. 34
3. 18
2. 62
2. 50
2. 57
2. 51
2. 70
2. 51
2. 64
2.42
2. 28
2.40
2. 61
2. 63
2. 90
2. 72
2. 63
2.45
2.51
3. 00
2. 55
2. 79

2. 55
3.29
3.32
3.22
2. 54
2.46
2. 27
2. 70
2.39
2. 73
2. 23
2. 16
2. 02
2. 58
2.43
2. 70
2.45
2.37
2.42
2. 59
2. 84

2. 552. 642. 612. 672. 152. 092. 042. 352. 132. 102. 042.002. 002. 002. 152.392.402.272. 172. 112. 52-

2. 092. 07-

2. 86
2. 88

49
76

2. 75
2. 81

2. 65
2. 86

3.252. 152. 322. 102. 102. 002. 002. 002. 112. 092. 202.262.432.392.432. 002. 102. 202. 10-

4. 13
2. 85
2.86
2. 85
2. 50
2.25
2.35
2. 20
2. 90
2. 89
2. 96
2. 95
2. 85
2. 84
2. 96
2. 71
2. 55
2. 60
2. 55

14
41
35
24
24
18
18
9
25
7
18
15
46
25
21

3. 70
2. 70
2. 63
2. 63
2. 52
2. 56
3. 01
3. 00
2. 61
2. 80
2. 53
2. 95
2. 63
2. 60
2. 68

2. 70
2. 60
2. 56
2. 53
2. 50
2. 89
2. 65
2. 58
2. 98
2. 80
2. 85
2. 80

Mean

Median

Middle range

339
18
192
131
61
336
311
25

$ 3. 64
3. 22
3.09
3.32
2. 61
3. 13
3. 11
3.27

$ 3. 65
3.35
3.00
3. 19
2.50
3. 10
3. 12
2.54

$ 3 . 16-:$ 3. 90
2. 90- 3. 50
2. 58- 3.46
2. 86- 3. 66
2.35- 2. 85
2. 50- 3. 50
2. 50- 3.48
2.25- 4. 74

906
1, 816
562
1,254
7, 635
118
1, 566
640
800
896
190
1,480
209
543
1, 584
727
213
696
230
831
627
129
279
707

2. 66
2. 98
3.48
2. 75
2. 56
2.28
2. 59
2. 50
2. 57
2. 50
2. 75
2. 53
2. 59
2. 54
2. 55
2. 53
2. 68
2. 57
2. 66
2. 56
2. 60
2. 55
2. 55
2. 61

2.56
2.81
3.42
2.65
2.45
2. 10
2.49
2.36
2.43
2.36
2. 64
2.43
2. 54
2.46
2.44
2.46
2.57
2.41
2.51
2.42
2.46
2.32
2.43
2.51

2.202.362. 812.272. 122. 002. 102. 062. 162. 062. 222. 142. 192. 192. 102. 142. 302. 062. 142. 102. 162. 002. 082. 11-

602
655

2. 60
2. 65

2.43
2.43

3 99
339
82
257
262
278
169
109
295
134
161
46
114
71
43
121
735
474
261

3. 68
2. 63
2.74
2. 60
2.32
2.20
2. 24
2. 12
2. 59
2. 54
2. 64
2. 76
2. 67
2. 65
2. 71
2.43
2. 38
2.41
2.33

3. 60
2.45
2. 63
2.35
2.30
2. 10
2. 15
2. 05
2.40
2.48
2.35
2. 50
2. 60
2. 60
2. 60
2.35
2.35
2.35
2.25

1 Excludes premium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
See
appendix A fo r methods used in computing means, medians, and middle ranges.
Medians and middle
ranges a re provided fo r entries of few er than 15 w ork ers.
2 Includes data fo r regions in addition to those shown separately.




Middle West

G reat Lakes

Southeast
Occupation and sex

Number
of
w orkers

Hourly earnings1
Mean

Median

Middle range

49
13
12
28
22
-

$ 3.43
3.30
3.30
2. 84
2.91
-

$ 3.49
2. 69
2. 76
-

$3.00- $ 3. 80
2. 51- 3.26
2. 14- 3.30
-

2. 80
3. 68
3. 80
3. 65
2. 99
2. 91
3. 00
3. 04
2. 85
2. 98
2. 72
2.47
2. 77
2. 99
3. 10
3. 04
2. 73
2. 63
2. 87
2. 94
3. 14

71
98
27
71
1,345
13
95
20
45
59
101
17
35
129
44
14
7
48
62
14
25
39

2. 53
3. 05
3.40
2. 93
2.47
2.20
2.36
2.44
2.44
2. 52
2.44
2. 54
2.37
2.34
2.59
2. 50
2. 80
2.30
2.47
2. 50
2. 59
2. 37

2.34
2. 81
2. 97
2. 80
2. 25
2. 20
2. 35
2.20
2.29
2. 24
2. 37
2. 10
2. 20
2. 20
2. 15
2.35
2. 25
2. 20

2. 112. 262. 102.462. 002. 052. 232. 002. 002. 042.202. 002. 002. 002. 002. 112. 052. 00-

2. 78
3.41
4. 78
3.34
2. 71
2.49
2. 55
2. 63
3. 00
2. 60
2. 63
2. 55
2. 66
2. 86
2.43
2.59
2. 82
2. 76

2.402.37-

3. 17
3.27

71
71

2. 62
2. 73

2.40
2.40

2. 202. 04-

2. 80
3.24

2. 382.232. 552.482. 502. 66-

3. 04
2. 98
2. 76
2. 65
2. 73
3.37
2. 93
2.91
3. 08
2. 85
2. 85
2. 85

24
87
8
79
19
36
34
22
9
13
17
83
47
36

3. 88
2.43
2. 50
2.42
2. 61
2.42
2.40
2.49
2. 70
2. 20
2.49
2.39
2.46
2.30

3. 98
2. 30
2.30
2.49
2.20
2. 20
2.45
2.35
2.25
2.35
2. 16

3.442. 102. 102. 232. 102. 102. 05-

4.33
2. 65
2. 64
2. 65
2. 60
2. 60
2. 65

-

2. 202. 162. 662.402.402. 60-

-

2. 002. 102.202. 10-

-

2. 85
2. 58
2. 65
2.47

3 Includes w orkers in classification in addition to those shown separately,
NO TE:

Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not m eet publication crite ria .

T a b le 7.

O c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s :

B y s iz e o f c o m m u n it y

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 o f p rodu ction w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations in m e n 's and b o y s' se p a ra te t r o u s e r s m anu factu ring e s ta b lish m en ts, by s iz e o f com m unity
U n ited States and s e le c te d re g io n s , June 1974)

United States2
Metropolitan areas
Sex and occupation

Number
of
w ork­
ers

Average
hourly
w ork­
ings

Middle Atlantic

Nonmetropolitan
areas
Number Average
of
hourly
w ork­
earn­
ers
ings

Border States

Metropolitan areas

Nonmetropolitan
areas
Number
A verage
of
hourly
w ork­
earn­
ers
ings

Number
of
w ork­
ers

A verage
hourly
earn­
ings

42

Great Lakes

Southeast

$ 2. 93

Metropolitan areas
Number
of
w ork­
ers

A verage
hourly
earn­
ings

17
20
40

$ 2. 46
2. 49
2. 63

Nonmetropolitan
areas
Number
A verage
of
hourly
w ork­
earn­
ers
ings

Middle West

Metropolitan areas
Number
of
w ork­
ers

A verage
hourly
earn­
ings

31
12
35

Nonmetr opolitan
ari sas
Average
Number
hourly
of
w ork­
earn­
ers
ings

$ 2. 55
2. 67
2. 76

Women
A s s e m b le r s ---------------------------------------Garment r e p a ir e r s ----------------------------Inspectors, final ------------------------------Janitors--------------------------------------------P r e s s e r s , finish, m achine------------------Sewing-machine operators, tro u s e rs 3 —
Attach crotch p ie c e s ----------------------Attach p o ck ets------------------------------Attach belt lo o p s ---------------------------Attach f l y -------------------------------------Attach w aistband---------------------------B a rta ck in g------------------------------------Buttonhole makers ------------------------Hem leg b o tto m s---------------------------Join inseams and outs earn s------------Join seat s e a m s -----------------------------Make loops -----------------------------------Make pockets---------------------------------P iercin g pockets ---------------------------S e r g in g ----------------------------------------Sew on buttons------------------------------Sew on waistband lin in g ------------------Stitch p o c k e ts -------------------------------Thread trim m ers and basting pullers
Work d istrib u to rs---------------------------

241
372
858
56
616
17,543
265
1,718
735
817
967
1, 358
164
610
1, 591
594
210
707
201
601
964
122
220
484
789
137

$ 2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

56
57
69
32
86
66
58
63
53
66
71
58
79
60
60
66
63
84
08
63
72
69
79
73
74
45

336
373
1, 110
128
1, 441
25,514
170
2, 084
872
1, 105
1, 145
1,930
310
686
2, 174
1,013
277
902
418
1,005
926
210
415
814
853
338

$ 2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

61
42
63
21
77
53
39
57
46
57
52
56
62
53
54
55
74
60
66
57
55
54
57
62
63
38

3. 98
3. 67
4. 14

3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

66
61
67
39
29
28
59

37
44
22
-

-

12
9
27

-

-

156

3. 03

-

2, 198
34
219
72
80
132
86
44
32
140
62
41
166
31
93
112
39
41
80
92
9

-

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
3.
3.
3.
2.

25
28
22
42
52
22
27
13
07
16
24
96
57
75
29
99
97
48
40
28
97

13
42

$2. 59
2. 77

-

_

_

_

48
1,056

3. 26
2. 84

79
1, 206

' 2. 73
2. 68

-

-

97
22
39
48

2.
2.
3.
2.

-

82
84
15
95

140
45
55
72
73
13
36
98
46
16
56
16
24
50

-

-

11

2. 97

-

-

95
37
12

2. 68
2. 49
3. 02

-

-

39
64
11

3. 00
2. 85
2. 72

-

-

38
14

3. 19
2.47

11

4. 17

-

-

2. 90
4. 22
3. 22

15
-

-

25

2. 55

_

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

81
51
97
70
59
52
66
71
51
79
68
83
49
62

_

_

18
55
72
30

2. 35
2.80
2. 65
2. 28

23
26

4. 22
3. 45

_

_
_

2. 43

-

-

-

-

10

2. 79

10
11

3. 80
2. 94

-

240
239
843
107
1, 175
16, 372
106
1,426
581
745
824
1,407
195
507
1,483
681
197
640
214
797
577
121
261
652
493
231

$ 2. 61
2. 31
2. 64
2. 12
2. 75
2. 55
2. 29
2. 57
2. 49
2. 54
2. 48
2. 52
2. 60
2. 53
2. 53
2. 53
2. 67
2. 56
2. 65
2. 56
2. 60
2. 51
2. 57
2. 59
2. 60
2. 33

370
313
14

3. 64
3. 65
3. 24

_
_

_
-

503

2. 65

_

31
20
19
31
24
12

_

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

_

69
55
66
46
52
32
_

47
23

2. 50
2. 48

-

-

50

49
15
63
_

67
1, 130
13
93
16
37
55
95
13
33
119
42
12

2. 74

_

_

$ 2. 45
2. 68
2. 56
_

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

87
48
25
37
48
53
56
46
60
37
33
58
68

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

84
31
50
71
59
44
58

n

22
28
9
14
18
26
13

2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

51
62
04
40
67
76
58

46
58
10
23
29
61
“

6
12

3. 56
3. 64

_
_

_

19
39

_

_
-

_
_

-

Men
A dju sters -------------------------Cutters, cloth, machine ---Cutters and m akers, cloth —
Inspectors, fin a l---------------Janitors ---------------------------M a r k e r s ---------------------------Packers ---------------------------P r e s s e r , finish, machine —
Spreaders ------------------------W ork d is tr ib u to r s --------------

345
291
93
-

-

173
144
165

2. 45
3. 44
2. 92

481
421
28
27
284
147
165

-

-

-

-

-

-

214
830

2. 82
2. 42

373
635

3. 10
2. 45

26
62

3. 36
3. 01

Excludes prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays and late shifts.
Includes data fo r regions in addition to those shown separately.




4. 32
4. 38
4. 44

-

-

12
11

2. 87
2. 46

_

_

165
121
123
562
299
463

2.
3.
2.
3.
3.
2.

24
28
50
48
12
41

-

-

-

_

"

_

_
32
9
9

_

_
2. 39
3. 52
2. 79

_

_

18
42

2. 96
2. 45

3 In clu des o th er sew in g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s in addition to th ose shown se p a ra te ly .
NOTE:

3. 82
3. 53

D ashes in d ica te no data re p o rte d o r data that do not m e e t p u b lication c r it e r ia .

T a b le 8.

O c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s :

B y s iz e o f e s t a b lis h m e n t

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 o f p rod u ction w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations, in m e n 's and b o y s ' s e p a ra te tro u s e r s m an u factu rin g e sta b lish m en ts,
b y s iz e o f es ta b lis h m e n t, U nited States and s e le c te d r e g io n s , June 1974)

Middle Atlantic

United States

Border States

Establishments with—
Sex and occupation

250 workers or m ore

20-249 w orkers
Number
of
w orkers

Average
hourly
earnings

Number
of
w orkers

250 w orkers or m ore

20-249 w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

Number
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

Number
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

250 w orkers or m ore
Number
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

Women
A ssem b lers
--------------------------Garment re p a irers -----------------Inspectors, fin al ---------------------Pa ck ers -----------------------------------P r e s s e r s , finish, m a c h in e --------Sewing-machine operators,
trou sers 3-------------------------------Attach crotch pieces ------------Attach p o c k e t s ---------------------Attach belt loops ------------------Attach f l y ----------------------------Attach w a is tb a n d ------------------B a r ta c k in g --------------------------ro Buttonhole makers --------------Hem leg bottoms -----------------Join inseams and outseams ---Join seatseam s --------------------Make loops -------------------------Make pockets ----------------------P iec in g fly s ------------------------P iec in g p o c k e t s --------------------Serging ------------------------------Sew on b u tto n s ---------------------Sew on waistband l i n i n g --------Stitch pockets ----------------------Thread trim m ers and basting
pu llers --------------------------------W ork distributors

298
241
817
77
760

$2. 43
2.42
2. 59
2. 31
2. 77

279
504
1, 151
177
1, 297

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

76
53
71
82
82

35
17
130

$2. 95
3. 18
3. 07

15, 880
144
1, 434
506
749
788
1, 159
231
398
1, 318
594
206
746
253
653
549
167
295
665

2. 61
2. 56
2. 65
2.49
2. 60
2. 61
2. 66
2. 60
2. 49
2. 56
2. 58
2. 66
2. 76
2. 68
2. 65
2. 64
2. 56
2. 56
2. 68

27, 177
291
2, 368
1, 101
1, 173
1, 324
2, 129
243
898
2.447
1, 013
281
863
366
1, 003
1, 341
165
340
633

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

57
48
57
49
61
60
52
75
59
57
60
72
66
88
55
63
64
71
64

1, 741
30
144
58
69
111
76
35
30
101
47
37
126
28
78
84
25
33
65

3. 28
3. 27
3. 18
3. 46
3. 54
3. 31
3. 27
3. 24
3. 04
3. 18
3.29
3. 01
3. 66
3. 70
3. 15
3. 15
3. 28
3. 53
3. 39

895
8
110
28
32
46
49
15

628
250

2. 67
2. 31

1, 014
225

2. 69
2. 50

77
11

3. 35
2. 89

277
59
259
144
71
129
380
186
60
353

3.
2.
3.
2.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

549
158
453
313
220
201
953
401
199
1, 112

3. 81
2. 84
3. 68
2. 40
3. 37
2. 77
3. 23
3. 04
2. 52
2.45

28
11
29
6
7
19
89
21
45

4. 38
3. 22
4. 24
2. 85
3. 76
3. 27
4. 26
3. 22
_
2. 83

19
-

50

-

-

-

-

-

$2. 94
30

-

2. 89

-

3. 31
3. 08

22
'

3. 21
”

“

16
21
24
12
_
15
34
12
7
39

4. 00
2. 99
4. 33
2. 69
_
3. 21
4. 22
3. 37
3. 68
2. 99

_
34
_
24
_
17
_
30

-

-

29
44
_
12
38

02
11
10
95
40
75
75
69

-

"

1, 628
153
_
82
97
80
13
40
165
60
16
_
44
87
112
_
53
82

90
30
8
_

3.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

$2. 41

-

-

-

-

2. 99
3. 94
2. 68
_
3. 41
2. 47
-

_

2. 74
2. 69
_

3. 01
2. 74
2. 81
2. 87
2. 77
2. 52
2. 63
3. 11
_
2. 92
2. 76
2. 77
_
2. 69
2. 79

_

Men
Adjusters ------------------------A ssem b lers --------------------Cutters, cloth, machine --J a n ito rs ---------------------------M a r k e r s --------------------------Pa ck ers --------------------------P r e s s e r s , finish, machine Spreaders ------------------------Stock clerks, piece goods —
W ork d is tr ib u to rs -------------See footnotes at end of table.




77
58
55
24
33
73
62
91
77
37

_
_
2.47
_
2. 59
_
3. 39
2. 55

T a b le 8.

O c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s :

B y s iz e o f e s t a b lis h m e n t — C o n t in u e d

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s 1 of p rodu ction w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occu pations, in m e n 's and b o y s ' se p a ra te t r o u s e r s m an u factu rin g e sta b lish m en ts,
b y s iz e of esta b lis h m e n t, U nited States and s e le c te d reg io n s, June 1974)

Southeast

Great Lakes

Middle West

Establishments with—
Sex and occupation

20-249 w orkers
Number
of
w orkers

250 w orkers or m ore

A verage
hourly
earnings

Number
of
workers

A verage
hourly
earnings

20-249 w orkers
Number
of
w orkers

20-249 w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

Number
of
w orkers

250 worker s or m ore

A verage
hourly
earnings

Number
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

Women
A ssem b lers
--------------------------Garment r e p a i r e r s -------------------Inspectors, fin al ---------------------Pa ck ers ----------------------------------P r e s s e r s , finish, machine -------Sewing-machine operators,
trou sers -------------------------------Attach crotch p i e c e s ------------Attach p o c k e t s ---------------------Attach belt l o o p s ------------------Attach f l y ----------------------------Attach w a is tb a n d ------------------B a r ta c k in g --------------------------Buttonhole makers --------------Hem le g b o t t o m s ------------------Join inseams and outseams ---Join s e a t s e a m s --------------------Make loops ------------------------v
Make pockets ----------------------Q)
P iec in g fly s ------------------------P iec in g p o c k e t s -------------------Serging ------------------------------Sew on buttons --------------------Sew on waistband l i n i n g --------Stitch pockets ---------------------Thread trim m ers and basting
pu llers ---------------------------------W ork distributors ---------------------

170
131
408
64
446

$2. 36
2. 24
2.46
2. 28
2. 72

87
128
475
97
808

$3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

06
41
79
87
77

29

3. 35

32

2. 77

39

3. 05

8, 360
34
788
266
410
447
721
87
257
716
328
108
335
147
403
264
65
124
420

2. 50
2. 80
2. 58
2. 31
2. 54
2.44
2.49
2. 47
2. 47
2. 49
2. 50
2. 59
2. 49
2. 49
2. 60
2. 59
2. 47
2. 33
2. 59

9, 218
84
778
360
390
449
759
121
286
865
399
105
361
83
42 8
363
64
155
287

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

60
27
60
63
59
55
56
68
59
59
56
78
64
97
52
61
63
73
65

698
11
49
22
19
30
26
25
22
59
25
9
42
14
26
45
9
19
37

2. 58
2. 50
2. 54
2.48
2. 65
2. 56
2. 25
2. 23
2. 40
2. 64
2. 71
2. 98
2. 67
2. 48
2. 39
2. 51
2. 98
2. 53
2. 77

773
11
66
14
34
35
58
12
17
66
25
8

2. 36
2. 13
2. 27
2. 28
2. 34
2. 39
2.40
2. 44
2. 64
2. 35
2. 44
2. 44

569

_
_
_
2. 72
_
_
_

31
29
9
10
27

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

309
154

2. 58
2. 22

256
107

2. 65
2. 48

40
18

2. 62
2. 69

31

2.48

171
16
141
74
49
62
86
26
172

3.
2.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

222
66
198
95
82
72
476
84
302

3. 57
2. 86
3. 78
2. 29
3. 31
2. 51
3. 57
2. 35
2.47

8

3. 43

21
9
8
8
46

12
6
24
15
7

3.
2.
3.
2.
2.

22

3. 11

31

2. 36

15
17
46
_

$2. 50
2. 64
2. 69
_

18
11
44
_

_
_

$2#-34
2. 39
2.45
_

61
7
27

$2. 44
2. 98
2. 66

_

_
_

30
34
26
70
32

29

_
_

24
_

_
_
_
19
_
_
_
17
_
_
_

_

2. 62

2. 55

_

2. 19

_
_

2. 30

_
_
_

-

-

40
-

2. 74

12

3. 91

22
19

3. 66
2.45

Men
A d ju s t e r s ----------------------A ssem b lers ------------------Cutters, cloth, machine —
Janitors -----------------------M ark ers
---------------------Pa ck ers -----------------------P r e s s e r s , finish, machine
Stock clerks, piece goods ■
W ork distributors ----------

80
26
43
18
33
58
97
60
29

1 Excludes
prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and for work on weekends,
shifts,
2 Includes data fo r regions in addition to those shown separately.




holidays,

and late

_

_

23

-

3.
2.
3.
2.
3.

47
57
31
93
32

_

2. 64

_
_

84
51
28
34
91

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_
_

11
16

2. 61
2. 64

3 In clu des o th er se w in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s in ad d ition to those shown s e p a ra te ly .
NOTE:

D ashes in d ica te no data re p o rte d o r data that do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

T a b le 9.

O c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s :

B y la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t c o v e r a g e

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s 1 o f p rod u ction
U nited States and s e le c te d r e g io n s , June 1974)

w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations in m en 's and b o ys' s e p a ra te tr o u s e r s m an u factu rin g esta b lis h m e n ts , by union c o n tra ct status,

Middle West

Southeast

Middle Atlantic

United States

Establishments with
Sex and occupation

M ajority of
w orkers
covered
Number
A verage
hourly
of
w orkers
earnings

None or minority
of w orkers
covered
Number
Average
hourly
of
earnings
workers

M ajority of
w orkers
covered
Number
A verage
hourly
of
earnings
w orkers

M ajority of
w orkers
covered
Number
A verage
hourly
of
earnings
w orkers

None or m inority
of w orkers
covered
Number
A verage
hourly
of
earnings
w orkers

M ajority of
w orkers
covered
Number
A verage
hourly
of
earnings
w orkers

None or m inority
of wo rkers
covered
Number
A verage
of
hourly
earnings
w orkers

Men
Adjusters ---------------------Cutters, cloth, machine —
Janitors ------------------------M a r k e r s ------------------------P r e s s e r s , finish, machine
S p rea d e rs ----------------------U n d erp ressers----------------W ork d istrib u to rs-------------

232
243
181
66

650
165
249
670

01
79
50
76
41
23
62
53

594
469
276
225
683
422
204
795

$3. 71
3. 55
2. 25
3. 24
3. 28
2 . 91
2 . 82
2. 35

79
2. 64

328
448
1, 319
1,667
29,592
2, 586
1, 225
1,472
715
2, 336
2, 604
1,047
976
1,08 5
1,255
674
328

2. 44
2. 40
2. 58
2 . 68
2 . 49
2 . 49
2 . 39
2 . 49
2 . 62
2. 51
2. 50
2. 50
2. 52
2 . 49
2 . 59
2 . 39
2. 33

$4.
3.
2.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

40
47
15
10
121

28
159
67

42
44
18

$4. 29
4. 30
2 . 86
4. 10
4. 27
3. 32
3. 68
2. 97

20
86

$4. 03
3. 79
2 . 62
4. 16
3. 73
3. 32

351
295
151
111

$3. 63
3. 61
2 . 20
3. 16
3. 44
3. 09
2. 87
2. 37

59

2 . 68

476
277
185
415

45
34
73

3. 01
2. 53
2 . 99
3. 30
2 . 80
2. 78
3. 39
2. 83
2. 83
2 . 79
2. 85
2 . 62
2. 83
2 . 79
3. 01
2 . 86
2. 77

212

2. 51

225
810
132
401
360
565
772
172
325
379
632
595
731
535
340
238

2 . 29
2 . 60
2 . 69

34
-

-

18
38
18
10
12

16
11

31

$4. 04
3. 59
2 . 68
3. 46
4. 71
3. 25
3. 37
2. 63

6
-

$3. 38
-

16

2. 13

6

2 . 18
2 . 29

Women
A ssem b lers (garm ent bundlers)
Garment re p a irers ---------------Inspectors, fin a l--------------------P r e s s e r s , fin ish , machine ---Sewing-machine o p era to rs3 ---Attach p ock ets------------------Attach belt loops --------------Attach waistband --------------Attach z ip p e r s -------------------Bartacking -----------------------Join inseams and outs earns Join seats earns ----------------Make pockets---------------------P iecin g pockets
--------------Serging ----------------------------U nderpressers ----------------------Work distributors -----------------

249
297
649
390
13, 465
1 , 216
382
640
150
952
1 , 161
560
633
571
635
489
147

2.

2 . 82

3. 30
2 . 81
2. 83
2 . 80
2. 87
3. 09
2. 73
2. 71
2. 76
2 . 99
2. 78
2. 72
2. 83
2. 56

54
-

177
20

2, 485
236
75
141
48
105
165
71
165
104
125
57
14

Excludes prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts
Includes data fo r regions in addition to those shown separately.
Includes data fo r other sewing-m achine operators in addition to those shown separately.




2. 94
-

3. 03
3. 53
3. 21
3. 19
3. 37
3. 14
3. 34
3. 14
3. 10
3. 17
3. 57
3. 23
2. 93
3. 47
2. 87

122

2, 177
206
61
124
18
155
202

95
101
100

92
115
23
NOTE:

1,
15,
1,

1,
1,

2. 52
2. 56
2. 40
2. 44
2. 74
2 . 49
2. 50
2. 52
2. 52
2. 53
2. 53
2. 42
2 . 28

56
12

46
55
816
45
18
42
13
50
70
26

2. 52
2. 84
2. 67
3. 00
2. 65
2. 55
2. 48
2 . 69
2. 85
2 . 68
2. 47
2. 93

21

-

526
50
-

17

2.
2.
2.
2.

-

2 . 20
2 . 19
-

2 . 12

-

-

51

2 . 20

-

18

-

-

35
40
49

25

-

38
56
70
46

13

-

2 . 10
-

2 . 08

-

-

-

-

'

'

Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria .

-

T a b le 10.

O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s :

A la b a m a

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e lected occu pation s in m e n 's and b o y s '

sep a ra te tr o u s e r s m an u factu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts ,

June

1974)

A ll production w o r k e r s ----------------------M e n ----------------------------------------------W om en -------------------------------------------

of
hourly
w orkers earnings

$ 2 . ob f 2 . 10 $2 . 20 1 2 .3 0 $2. 40 $ 2 . 50'
$

tv
O
'
o

Number of w orkers :
receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings i f—
o
Occupation and sex

$2. 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $3. 00 $3. 10$3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4. 00 $4. 2 0 $4. 40 $4. 60 $4.80 $5. 00 $5. 2 0 $5.40 $5. 60

and
under
$ 2 . 10 5 2 . 20 $2.30 $2.40 $2. 50 $ 2 . 60 $2. 70 $ 2 . 80 $2. 90 $3. 00 $3. 10$3. 20 $3. 30 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4. 40 $4. 60 $4.80 $5. 00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 over

3, 587
549
3,03 8

$ 2 . 69
2 . 86
2 . 66

695
94
601

239
12

66

227

2 64

190
23
167

239
31
208

287
32
255

45

3.69
3. 60
3. 76
3. 28
3.20
3. 52
3. 63
2 . 62
3. 64
3.48
3. 80
3. 18

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

330

20 0

31
169

213
24
189

2 04
39
165

4
4

2

128
17
111

134
22
112

117
14
103

76
15
61

58
7
51

145
30
115

12

67

51
16
35

48

20

31
9

36

22

6

4

2
2

87

25
7
18

26
9
17

3

3

1
2

1
2

8
1

17
7

13

10

16

6

7

10

7

3
7

14

1

1
1

_

1
1

3

1

2

Selected occupations
Cutting
Cutters,

cloth, machine (a ll m e n )------T i m e ------------------------------------In c e n tiv e ------------------------------M a r k e r s --------------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------In cen tive-------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------

20

25
35
26
9
23
12

Spreader s ------------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------In c e n tiv e ------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------

36
18
18
28

_

-

-

2
2
2

2

31
3
_
3

-

-

4
4
_

2
2

-

-

2

2

_
-

-

11
10
1

4

2

_

2
2

_
_
7
.

5
5
_
3
2
1

2
2

_

2

_

_

9

4

6

2

_

1
1
1

3
4
4
_

2
2
2
2

.
.

1

_
_

1

2
2

2

3
3
3

3
_
3
3

3
_
3
3

4

1
1

_
_
_
-

16
16
-

27
24
3

3
3
_

2

3

2

1
2

_

9
9
_

8
1

11
2

14
7
7
139
139
139

10
2
8

12

9
189
189
186

5
_
5

9
_
9

159
159
159

129
129
129

86
86
86
1

68
66
66
1

16

11

1

1

4
4
7

8
1
1

4
4
-

-

1

.
1
1

2
2

2

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_

1

_

1

2

1
2
2

1
2
2

2
1

_

_

2

1
1

3

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

4
4
_
4

_
_
_

_ .

_

2

3
2
1

_

_

x
5

1

3

1
1

_

1

1

1
1

_
_
_

_

_
_

_
_
-

_
_
-

2

2

_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

4

-

2
2
2

_
_
3

_

_
_
1

_
1
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

4

1
1
_

_
_

_
_

2
2

_

2
1

3
_

_

_

1
1
2
2

-

-

_
_

1
_

1

_

1

1

_

_
_

_
_

3

_

1
_

6
6

4
4

1
_

6

1
2
2
2

1

9
9
7

3
7
7
7

6
2
2
2

2

_

-

T rou ser fabrication
Inspectors, final (a ll w o m e n )-------------J
T i m e ------------------------------------*
Incentive ------------------------------P r e s s e r s , finish, machine
(a ll incentive w o r k e r s )---------------------M e n ------------------------------------------Women -------------------------------------Sewing-machine operators, t r o u s e r s ----W om en --------------------------------------In c e n tiv e ------------------------------Attach crotch p ie c e s ---------------------Attach p o c k e ts ------------------------------Attach b elt lo o p s ---------------------------Attach f l y --------------------------------------Attach w a istb a n d ---------------------------Atta ch zippe r ------------ ---------- —-------Barta ek in g-------------------------------------Buttonhole m a k e rs -------------------------Hem leg b o tto m s---------------------------Join inseams and outseams ------------Join s e a ts e a m s -----------------------------Make loops 2 --------------------------------Make p o ck ets--------------------------------Piecin g flys ---------------------------------P iec in g p o ck ets---------------------------- —
S e r g in g -----------------------------------------Sew on buttons---------- --------------------Sew on waistband l in in g ----------------Stitch p o c k e ts -------------------------------Thread trim m ers and basting pullers
(a ll incentive w o r k e r s )---------------------W om en --------------------------------------U nderpressers (a ll incentive
w o r k e r s )------------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------W om en ---------------------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f table,




106
84
22

193
66

127
2,206
2 , 186
2, 178
22

13 6
56
63
108
17
187
22

47
176
85
24
128
34
94
83
24
36
106
69
55
105
41
64

2. 55
2.43
3. 00

20

3. 20
3. 62
2 . 98
2.59
2.59
2.59
2. 41
2 . 61
2 . 58
2 . 61
2. 64
2 . 80
2.43
2.55
2.39
2 . 61
2. 75
2. 73
2. 84
2. 92
2. 57
2. 77
2. 72
2 . 80
2 . 58

14

15
5

9
9
167
164
164

2
12

8
2
6

180
175
175

130
128
128

7
139
137
137

8
22

1
8

2
10

2

2

14
14
23

3
7

4
3
9

17
3
4

9
7
3
3

1

2

51
2

16
29
9
1

17

8

3
18
5
5
12

7
5
6

22
2
1

18
4
11
2

6

17
1
6
8

3

21
2
2

16
2
2

5

1

5
12
1

13
4
3
15
14
3

1

15
7

7
3

4
8

2
8

6

4
3

7

8

_

3
1
1

4
4

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_

4
_
4
81
81
81

1

_
2
11

2
8

6

7

7
5
4
1

2
2

_

3
6
2

1
1

2
1

4

7
3

2

1

3

1

21
21
21

22
22
22

3

3

2

2
1

1

3
_
x
2
1
1

11

4

6

11

5

3
4
3

3

_
9

5
5

7

12

3
4

9
9

3
3

1
1

2

-

3
3

2
2

9
4
5

7
4
3

11
6

6
2

2
_

5
4

2

_

1

5

4

2

1

5

3

3

6

28

2. 65
2.47
77

21

11

1

4

8

5

13

_

8

4

3
5

4

1

7
6
1

5

_

_

1

2

_
x
x
4
2
2

5
_

11

3
2

_
3

2

2
1
1
2

7

9

3
3

6

2

-

3
3

3
3

2
2

4
4

_
-

1
1

1
1

7

3

4

2
1
1

6
4
2
1

_

3

2
1

_
_

4

2

2

2

_

1
1

2
2

2

2

_
_

1

«

x
2

3
x
7

2

1

1
_
_
_

x

_

_
_

6

2

7

5
6

5
1

x

6
6

5

1
1
1

3
3
3

1

>

_

2

4

_

2
1

_
_

_
_

_

„
_

2

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

1

_

_

_

_
_

1

_

x

_

2

1
1

_

1

_

3
x
x

3
3

3

_

_

2

2
4

9
3
x

3
x

2
3

2

4

2

_

_

_

1

6
20

1

36
36
36
x
4

8

6
2

8
6
2
10
10
10

48
48
48

l

2

5
4
x

10
8
2

2

5
52
52
50

3

7
17

5

11

4

5

2

2

4
7

2
1

16

_

2

_

1

2

_

1

2

1

6

1

5

1

3
43
43
43

2
2

3
3
.

9

_

27

3
4

10
1

7

_

6
2
2

23

2.

14

13
477
471
471

69
2. 85

2.

2
2

2
2

1
1

1

1

3

1
2

_

_

1

2
2

3
3

1
1

_
_

2
2

1
1

1
1

4

3

1

2

_

_

x

_

_

_

_

_

4

3

1

2

“

1

_

_

_

_

3

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

“

-

-

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
1

_

_
1
1

_

1
1

1
1

_
_

_
_

-




—Continued
of workers in selected occupations in men's and boys' separate trouser manufacturing establishments, June 1974)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
h o u r ly ■£277573 £ 7 3 7 5 £27273 £ 1 3 7 5 £ 2 3 7 5 £ 1 3 7 5 3 3 7 ! £27775 £27375 £27973 £277575 £27T75 £27275 £27275 STTTo1£27375 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $4. 40 £¥7575 £¥7375 £577575 £57275 £57575 £57575
e a rn in g s 1 and
and
under
$ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 3 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 10 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $3. 60 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 .0 0 $ 5 .2 0 $ 5 .4 0 $5. 60 o v e r

41

3 . 58

44
35

2 .9 1
3 . 08
2 . 73
2 . 98
3 .2 1

_

3

-

.
-

-

3
-

2 .4 2
2 .4 0
2 . 16
2 .2 9
2 . 05
2. 35
2 .4 0
2 . 27
2 . 54
2 . 63
2 . 37
2 . 74
2 . 68
2 . 50
2 . 87
2 . 82

2

6

12

32
25
31
18
29
14
15
44
28
16
19
13

6
36
30
13
23
17
21

14
7
59
38
21

2 . 63
2 . 52
2 . 85
2 .4 9
2 .4 9
2 . 50

2

-

-

-

19
7
12
21
15
6

3
1
2
1
1

-

-

4
-

.
4
15
15
1
1

1
1

1
3
1
3

1
1

9
9
3
6
6

2
2
1
1
1

-

1
1
_
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

2
2

-

_

8
2
6

2
_

.
_
_

2
1
1

.

-

2
1
1
3
2
1
12
8
4
1
1
1

.

1
1
1
_

-

2

2

9

7

7

2

2

1

2

4

4
4
2
2
2

_
.

_
_

1
1

!
1

2
2

2
2

2
2

1
1

_

1
1

_

-

1
1

1
1

2
2

2
2

2
2

1
1

_

-

6
6
2
4
4

_

_

_

1

4

_

_

_

-

1

_

_

_

1
1

1
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

2
2

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2
2

1

.

5

_
_

.

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

6
6

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
“

2

1
1

1
1

1
1

4
4

1
1

9
4
5

2
2
“

6
4
2

9
7
2

-

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

5
-

2
_
-

“

_
_

_

10
10

8
6
2

_

_

-

4
2
2

_

.

_

-

_

.

-

2

_

2
2

.

.

_

4
4

_
.

_

.

_

.

-

_

-

_

.
_
_

-

.
_

-

.
_
.

4
4
3
1
1

8
6
2
16
12
4

-

-

_

-

_
_
_

10
10

_

_

-

1
1

6
6
6

-

_

.
_

-

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

.
_

_
_

.

_

_

_

-

_
_

1
1

_

1
1

2
2
1
1

2
1
1
1

2

_

1
1

.
_
_

-

.

_

e < id f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s by m e th o d o f w ag e p a y m e n t; (a)
y in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .

_

6
6
3
3
3
1
2

3 W o r k e r s p a id u n d e r tim e a n d in c e n tiv e s y s te m s w e r e e q u a lly d iv id e d ,
4 I n c lu d e s s e w in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,

_

_
_

T a b le 11.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :

G e o r g ia

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s --------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o r u ly e a r n i n g s of—
N um ber
$ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 10 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 50 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 . 70 $ 3 . 80 $ 3 . 90 $ 4 . 0Q $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 . 60 $ 4 . 80 $57 0 0
h o u r ly
of
' and
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s 1
a nd
under
$ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 10 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 50 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 . 70 $ 3 . 80 $ 3 . 90 $ 4 . 00 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 60 $ 4 . 80 $ 5 . 00 o v e r
1 0 ,7 7 6
1 ,4 9 6
9 ,2 8 0

$ 2 . 62
2. 84
2 .5 9

2279
197
2082

823
85
738

111

.

_

48
64

3. 52
3 .4 9
3. 55
3 . 02
3 .2 2
3 .2 0
2 . 61
?. 66
3. 01
2 . 63
3. 30

318
56
262
792
129
12 1
663
651
6 ,2 1 1
13
6 , 198
61
6 , 137
559
23 1
357
325
71
533
107
168

2 . 74
2. 19
2. 85
2 . 81
3 .2 6
3 .3 5
2. 72
2. 73
2 . 60
3 .4 3
2 . 60
2. 95
2 . 60
2. 68
2. 64
2. 54
2 .4 8
2. 69
2. 56
2. 65
2. 56

33
21
12
131
20
12
111
99
1411
1411
3
1408
126
53
68
109
12
113
17
37

543
262
48
214
67
209
96
33 1
174
60
90
295

2 . 64
60
2. 92
2. 53
2 . 89
2. 56
2. 53
2. 65
2 . 61
2 .4 6
2 .4 7
2. 55

134
60
3
57
3

25
12

55

15
63
40
18
30
86

14
18
42
7
6
6
16

174
165
259
219

2. 55
2. 58
2. 71
2 .4 4

52
43
72
70

13
13
15
15

842 775
123 138
719 637

665
190
575

740
88

652

794
75
719

569
57
512

522
62
460

354
56
298

373

7
4
3
7
3

3

_
_
_

12
12

8

12
12
12

66

307

293
46
247

270
46
224

7

3
3
3
3
3

225
22

203

218
37
181

187
44
143

9
9
_
.

152
18
134

115
26
89

133
45

10

8

10

9

4

4
4

3
7

_
_

_
_

9

88

93
31
62

148
51
97

70
36
34

65
25
40

35
17
18

15

21

10

5

5
16

6
6

13
5

3
_
3
3
3
3

3
_
3

2
2

_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

S e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u tte r s ,

c lo th , m a c h in e ( a l l m e n ) ------T i m e ------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------M a r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------

50
61
69
47
41
22

13
S p r e a d e r s , (1 0 9 m e n , 3 w o m e n ) ------------T im e — — — - - -------- — — I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------------

112

_

_

_

_

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.
-

3

8

2

_

.

_
-

_
-

_

3

.

3
3
5

_

2

_

.

6

.

4
4

_

6

11

_

6

-

-

8
3

1
1

4
4

-

-

-

3
5
3
3
2
2

11

6

2

9
2

_

„

5
5

6

2

-

39

40

25

39
51
3
3
48
48
427

25
38

5
5
3
3
3

_

.

1
6
6

3
3
3

_

.

_
.
3
3
3

.

8

4
4
1

_
_
_

1
1

3

_

_

7

9

2

9

-

3

-

-

7

9

-

-

3

17

5

2

12

5

6

3

. 3

2

17
37
5
5
32
32
136

5
23
6
6
17
17
130

2
27
5
5
22
22
102

12
13
2
2
11
11
97

5
18
9
9
9
9
63

3
13
2
2
11
11
39

3
10
2
2
8
8
67

2

3
8
6
6

97
2
95
17
2
2
2
2
5
2
_

63
3
60
9
2
2
2
3
2
_
_

6
19
10
10
9
9
62
3
59

39

59
11
_

39
9

67
6
61
8

_

3

3
20
6
6
14
14
183
3
180
5
175
15
5
10
9
3
23
3
_

_
_
_

_

15
5

3

10

19

3

11

14

18
46
7
7
39
39
300

3
36
4
4
32
32
198

11
36
7
7
29
29
218

14
29
12
12
17
17
179

12

.

_
_

_
3
3
3

9

5
3
2

2

6
6

_

_

6
2
2
2

_

T r o u s e r f a b r i c a t io n
I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l (3 14 w o m e n , 4 m e n ) T i m e ___ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _______
P r e s s e r s , f in i s h , m a c h i n e ----------------------M e n .......................... - -.................................
I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------------W om e n ---------------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------S e w in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , t r o u s e r s 2—
M e n ( a l l in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) -------W o m e n -------------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -------------------------------------------A t t a c h p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n ) ----------------A t t a c h b e l t lo o p s ( a l l w o m e n ) ----------A t t a c h f ly ( a l l w o m e n ) ----------------------A t t a c h w a is tb a n d ( a l l w o m e n ) ----------A t t a c h z ip p e r ( a l l w o m e n )----------------B a r ta c k i n g ( a l l w o m e n ) ---------------------B u tto n h o le m a k e r s ( a l l w o m e n ) -------H e m l e g b o tto m s ( a l l w o m e n ) ---------J o in i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s
(5 4 0 w o m e n , 3 m e n ) --------------------------J o in s e a t s e a m s ( a l l w o m e n ) ----------------T i m e ------------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -------------------------------------------M a k e lo o p s ( a ll w o m e n ) -----------------------M a k e p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n ) -------------------P i e c i n g f ly s ( a l l w o m e n ) --------------------P i e c i n g p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n ) -----------S e r g in g ( a l l w o m e n ) f b / ---------------------Sew on b u tto n ( a ll w o m e n ) ---------------S ew on w a is tb a n d l in in g ( a ll w o m en ) —
S titc h p o c k e ts ( a ll w o m e n ) -----------------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g p u l l e r s
( a l l w o m e n ) --------------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ( a l l in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) —
W o m e n ---------------------------------------------

1

See footnotes at end of table.




2.

22
15
7
48
-

48
48
464
464
464
33
22
30
24
10
39
6
12

_

12
.

18
5
2
6 16
45 40
45 40
45 40
486 4 0 6
2
2
484 40 4
5
6
479 398
27
18
14
6
53 20
17 32
5
30 47
9
9
12 13
11

45
25
3
22
6
22

22
4
18
40
8
8
32
32
369
369
5
364
26
18
18
20
1
52
4
10

1

7

32
43
43
43
434
434
3
431
48
26
28
24
7
43
7
11

-

38
38
356
.

356
5
351
54
8
33
10
6
35
6
11

-

300
3
297
26
10
16
16
4
21
6
6

_

_

-

198

218
5
213
28
3
8
11
_
18
12
8

179

.

198
20
_
11
8
_
20
7
9

47
12
5
7
8
13
3
24
10
2
3
10

5

5
-

8
29

32
20
6
14
3
12
8
13
12
2
8
18

2
20

14
14

2
29

12

2
6

5
5
26
26

17
17
9
9

9
9
21
21

9

9
8
8

10
10
3
3

18
18
16
16

2
2
18
18

5
5
11
11

15
18
19
15

35
10

-

427
5
422
26
26
25
22
8
35
6
17

_

.

10
3
12
5

17
15

24
27
5
22
8
8
21

16
13
3
10
-

9
4
14
9
-

25
16
3
13
7
11
_
20
3
3
.

11
7
_

7
2
11
6
8
5

29
14
5
9
2
9
7
15

_

179
24
4
9
6
_
14
6
7
14
10
_

_

_

_

13 6

130

102
3
99
8
5
_
_
_
6
2
4

_

_

136
14
2
12
3
3
6
_
5

130
7
10
3
_
3
9
3
3

13
8
3

8
2

16
3

_

_

5

2
3
6
6
8
8.

3

6

10
6
3
_
22
8
3
3

3
6
4
11
11
_
7

3
6

2
2
7
7

6
6
5
3

2
2
3
3

5
5
_
“

5
_

-

_
5

_
3
8
7
3
_

_
_
“

11
6
3
3
8
6
2
3
2
3

_

24
2

_
_

2
3
2
«

_

_

_
_

_

4

2

2
24
_

26
2
24
2
6
_
_

_

_

7

_

3

_
_
_

1
4

_

_
_

_

_

4

.

_

2

_
_

5
5

_
_

3
_

3
2
6

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

6
"

6
2

8

10
2

5

_

2
.

3

.

_

_

_

3

3

6

12

4
4
2
2

7
7
.
"

2
2
_

6
6
5
3

“

11
8
6
2
3

2

2

_
_
_

_

2

12

2

_

2
_

2
2

19
3
16

5

10

5

10

16

5

10

_

_

3

2

_

_

4

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

2

2

_

2

_
_
_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

9
2

2
2
3

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

4

_
_

_

_

4
4
4

_

24
3

2

3
_

24

6
3
3

_

8

15
11
11
4
4
26

_

_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_

2

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

2

4
-

2

_
_

_

_

3

_

_
_
_

_

_

T a b le 11.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :

G e o r g ia — C o n tin u e d

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N um ber
$ 2 . UU$ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 10 $ 3 . 20 $ 3 . 30 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 . 70 $ 3 . 80 $ 3 . 90 $ 4 . 00 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 60 $ 4 . 80 $ 5 . 00
of
h o u r ly
and
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s
and
under
$ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 10 $ 3 . 20 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 50 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 . 70 $ 3 . 80 $ 3 . 90 $ 4 . 00 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 . 60 $ 4 . 80 $ 5 . 00 o v e r

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

M is c e ll a n e o u s
A d j u s t e r s , ( s e w in g - m a c h i n e r e p a i r e r s )
( a l l m e n ) ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------------A s s e m b le rs (g a rm e n t b u n d le rs ,
a s s o r t e r s ) ------------------------------------------------_

__

__

__

_ _ ____

__

__

T i m e __ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ __ _______

_1
00

I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------G a rm e n t r e p a i r e r s (m a tc h -u p g ir ls ,
m e n d e r s ) 107 w o m e n , 3 m e n ) 3a / --------J a n i t o r s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ____ ___ ___ ___
W o m e n ---------------------------------------------P a c k e r s -----------------------------------------------------M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) _____________ .
W o m e n ----------------------------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s
(a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) _
______________ ___
S to c k
(a ll
W o rk
(a ll

c le r k s , p ie c e g o ods
m en ) ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------------------d i s t r i b u t o r s (b u n d le b o y s )
t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------

1
2

136

$ 3 . 75

_

.

-

1

-

3

3

3

4

6

_

7

3

5

8

19

_

3

18

7

12

11

157
26

2 . 38
2 . 57

27

24

4

3

3

21

3

_

3

2

3

2

_

3

_

_

_

_

_

2 .2 1

27
27

2
2
22
22

20
2
2

1

10

38
4
4
34
17
17

18
16

1
1

2
2
2
2

3

2

3

2

_

_

_

_

_

13 1
85
46

2 . 34
18
2 . 64

2.

2.

15
18

26

39

9
4

11

1

28
28

3
3

6
6

6
6

-

_

.

_

45
149
52
97
56
41
51
43

2 . 68
2 . 69

22

2 . 63

.

289
195
94

2 . 34
2 .3 3
2 .3 7

67
49
18

9

6
10
8
2
6

18
6

3
3
9
3

5
3
2
8
8
_
_

3

8
6

3

5

3

3

5

3

14
3

13

3
3
3

2
2

3
3

3
3

3
5

_
_

17

10

11

4

_

1

4
4

_

_

_
_

9
9

12
9

3

2

3

_

_

_

3

_

_

3

_

20
10
10
6

_

6

6

_

-

3
3

_

4

6

3

q
7
7

6
8

3

_

_

3

2

_

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

_

3

3

_

3

5

2

2

2

3

_

3

5

2

2

2

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

5

2

2

2

_

2

3
3

3
3
_

_

_

3

_

3

_
_

_

_

3

3

_

_
_

2
2

3
3

3

_

3

6

_

_

_

3

3

3

_

33
15
18

40
25
15

38
38
-

17

25
18
7

37

_

20
11

4

6

1

2
2

-

9

3

"

12

5

E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
I n c lu d e s s e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .




3
3

11

6
_

16

_

2

30
58
32

29
2 . 19
2 .2 3
2 . 12
2 . 75
2 . 58
2 . 83
2 . 24
3. 64

110
111
66

6
_

8

21

16

a n d l a t e s h if t s .

_

_

_

1

3
3

3 I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d
(a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t im e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s .

of w a g e

paym ent

T a b le 12.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :

M is s is s ip p i

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s
M e n -------------------------W o m e n --------------------

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N u m b e r A v erag e
$ 2 .0 0 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 1 7 8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 . 10 $ 3 7 2 0 $ 3 . 30 $“3 .4 0 $ 3 . 50 $ 3 . 6o $ 3 7 7 0 $ 3. $0 $ 3 .9 0 $4700 $ 4 . 20 $ 4 7 4 0 $ 4 . 6o $“4 . 86 $ 3 7 3 3
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s1
and
under
$ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 : 30 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 10 $ 3 . 20 $ 3 . 30 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 50 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 . 70 $ 3 . 80 $ 3 .9 0 $ 4 . 00 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 . 60 $ 4 . 80 $ 5 .0 0 o v e r
8, 058
1 ,3 8 5
6, 673

$ 2 .5 2
2 .8 6
2 .4 5

96
19
77
38
23
13
10
15
114
100
12
88

3. 82
3. 53
3 .8 9
3. 10
3 .4 9
3 .3 6
3. 67
2 .5 1
2 .9 1
3 .0 0
3 .5 9
2 .9 2

243
41
202
388
210
201
178

1,984
204
1,780

523
116
407

696
115
581

.

_
_
_
_

803
63
740

745
67
678

538
66
472

435
70
3 65

_

_

_
_
_

_

_

.

2

2
1
1

444
63
381

252
55
197

214
51
163

3

410
49
361

155
47
108

113
30
83

137
42
95

101
39
62

106
55
51

89
49
40

2

6
6

11
4
7
6
5
3
2
1
6
6
2
4

10

62
37
25

40
26
14

60
41
19

52
32
21

12

8
2
6
1
1

16
4
12
2
2

5

27
10
17

18
15
3

2

20
17
3

14
12
2

8

19
14
5

S e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , c lo th , m a c h in e ( a ll m en )
T i m e --------------------------------I n c e n t iv e --------------------------M a r k e r s -----------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------T i m e --------------------------------I n c e n t iv e --------------------------W o m e n 2 -------------------------------S p r e a d e r s -------------------------------------M en -------------------------------------T i m e -------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------

2
.

1
_
_

3

8
_

_

_

_

_
_

3

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

„
_

4
3
1
1
1
1

_

_

_

_

„

5
4

2
2

1
1

3
3

2

1

3

12

5
2
3
27
13
13
14

_

_

_

_

_

1
15
12

_

_

8

6
3

18
12

3
3
3

_

1
6
5

12

3

12

3

■

5

4

2 .4 4
2 . 12
2 .4 0
3 .0 8
3 .4 3
3 .4 9
2 .6 8

94
28
66
36
9
3
27

9
1
8
14
5
3
9

16
9
7
24
8
7
16

16

.

_

-

_

15
12
4
4
8

16
16
5
5
11

10
1
9
20
4
4
16

_

21
16
5
5
11

7
27
16
16
11

12
18
9
9
9

4 , 616
4 , 610
29
369
186
159
211
30
345

2 .4 4
2 .4 4
2 .2 3
2 .4 5
2 .3 0
2 .4 8
2 .4 2
2 .6 9
2 .4 4

1,237
1,237
16
129
55
46
57
4
87

291
291
2
32
26
12
23
6
14

403
403
3
28
21
16
19

521
521
3
17
12
13
24
4
35

327
327

245
245

279
279

_

_

_

26
13
10
15

17
13
4
11

19
6
10
10

.

_

_

48

20

26

218
218
1
10
6
5
9
1
13

121
121

30

538
532
2
28
29
12
21
3
38

33
176
425
174
66
192
59
228
137
16
83
135

2 .4 4
2 .4 5
2 .4 0
2 .4 0
2 .4 8
2. 35
2. 60
2 .3 9
2 .4 2
2. 33
2 .5 0
2. 68

15
34
123
48
16
72
17
78
37
8
19
27

6
17
40
14
8
17
1
21
8
1
9
3

2
24
45
25
10
24
3
35
11
1
10
17

41
74
20
5
17
3
15
19
3
10
13

7
22
20
3
10
3
16
11
1
8
7

2
13
16
9
1
9
3
9
4

125
21
104
133
48
85

2 .5 0
2 .5 1
2 .5 0
2. 55
2 .4 4
2. 61

34
6
28
27
14
13

8
2
6
10
3
7

12
1
11
19
8
11

19
4
15
14
6
8

7

_

1

1

_

_

_

1
4
3
3

1

2
2
2

_
_
_

_

_

1
1
_

2

1

_

_

_

3
3

1
8
8

2
2

3
3

3

8

2

3

8
8
6
2

_

„

10
5
5
4
1

12
1
1
1
_

1

4
4

8
8
1
7

_

_

4

_

"

3

1

_

_

_

_

5
1
1

2

3

1

_
_

_

_

2

1

_

_

1
_ _
_
_

9
9
3
6

4
4

_
_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_

_
_ _

4

■

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_

6
6
6

10
10
10

2
2
2
-

16
13
13
3

1

1

1
_

8

_

_

-

T r o u s e r f a b r i c a t io n
—
l
(0

I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l (240 w o m e n , 3 m e n ) ---T i m e --------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------P r e s s e r s , f in i s h , m a c h i n e ---------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------W o m e n ( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) -----S e w in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , t r o u s e r s
( 4 ,6 1 4 w o m e n , 2 m e n ) 3 -------------------------A tta c h c r o t c h p i e c e s ----------------------------A tta c h p o c k e t s ------------------------------------A tta c h b e l t l o o p s ----------------------------------A tta c h w a i s t b a n d ---------------------------------A tta c h z ip p e r --------------------------------------B a r t a c k i n g -------------------------------------------B u tto n h o le m a k e r s (32 w o m e n , i
1 m a n ) ----------------------------------------------H e m l e g b o t t o m s ----------------------------------J o in i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s ----------------J o in s e a t s e a m s -----------------------------------M a k e p o c k e t s ---------------------------------------P i e c i n g f l y s ------------------------------------------P i e c i n g p o c k e t s -----------------------------------S e r g i n g -------------------------------------------------Sew o n b u t t o n s --------------------------------------Sew o n w a i s tb a n d l i n i n g -----------------------S titc h p o c k e t s --------------------------------------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g p u l l e r s
( a ll i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) -------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ( a ll i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) —
M e n --------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table




_
10
18
10
2
8
2
10
16
_

1
4
2
_

2
8
2
6

_

21

15

_

_

_

7
8
1
7

7

_

_

7
1
4
3
4
6

6

13

1

3

4

3

.

.

_

-

_

_

_

6
24
6
6
18

13
12
10
10
2

1
13
4
4
9

3
20
15
15
5

4
11
9
9
2

4
15
11
11
4

3
13
12
12
1

6
4
4
2

-

89
89
1
10

70
70

46
46

58
58

34
34

28
28

18
18

11
11

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

8
1
2
4

8
2
3

43
43
1
4

4
1
1
1
1
2

4

4

2

3

3

_

_

.
_

2
2

«.

_

2

2

1
2

_

_

_

3
1

1
1
1

1
1

4

_

_

7
1
1
2

4
4
,5

1
3
11
2
3
3
2
7
4

1
4
10
2
3
2
1
1
4

1
1
6
1
3
4
1
2
1

_

3

_

4
8

1
8
22
5
6
10
4
10
7

4
21
10
1
10
11
11
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6
9

3
5

4
8

2
8

4
4

1
5

2
3

8
3
5
11
2
9

12

2

4

1

1
1

4
4
11
3

1
2
2

_

4

_

7
2
5
6
2
4

_

4
4

1

1

_

1
_

.

„

_

1
8
8
8

1
8
8
8

1
9
9
9

1
5
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

11
11

7
7

3
3

2
2

_

_

_

1

1

1

„

-

_

12
6
2
4

2
2
1
1

.

-

_

2
1

5
2
3

.

3

_
_
_

2
1
1

1
7
1
2
1
_

_

1
_
«.

1
1
1
2

2

1
4

2
1

1
1

1

2
1
1
2
1
1

_

_

3

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

2
1

_ _
_

_
_

_

1

_

_

_

_

1

_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

1
_

_

_

_

2

1

1

_

_
_

_

_

1
3

_

_

_

-

1

-

1

2

1

_

_
_
1
_
_

_

1

1
1

_

_

_

_

4

4
2
2

_

_

1
1
_ _
_ _

2

1
3
2
1
1

2
2
3
2
1
2
1
2

4

1

»
*

4

3

_

-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_

_

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

_

2
2

_

1

2

_

1

_

_

1

-

-

-

2

1

2

-

1

-

-

T a b le 12.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :

M is s is s ip p i— C o n tin u e d

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
N u m b e r A v e ra g e
h o u r ly $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 5 . 10 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 7 6 0 $ 3 . 70 $ 3 . 80 $ 3 . 90 $ 4 . 00 $ 4 . 20 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 .6 0 $ 4 . 80 $5 . oo
of
and
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s 1u n d e r
and
$ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 . 10 $ 3 . 20 $ 3 . 30 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 . 70 $ 3 . 80 $ 3 . 90 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 . 20 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 . 60 $ 4 . 80 $ 5 .0 0 o v e r

M is c e lla n e o u s
A d j u s t e r s ( s e w in g - m a c h i n e r e p a i r m e n ) -M e n ---------------------------------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e ------------------------------------A s s e m b le rs (g a rm e n t b u n d le rs ,
a s s o r t e r s ) -----------------------------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------------------T im e _I n c e n t iv e --------------------------------------G a rm e n t r e p a i r e r s (m a tc h -u p g ir ls ,
I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------P a c k e r s ------------------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------S h ip p in g c l e r k s (a ll m en ) ( a ll
t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n ts — — —— ——— —
— —
M en 2 ------------------------------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s (60 m e n , 3
3 w o m e n ) ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------------------W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s (b u n d le b o y s ) --------------M e n --------------------------------------------------T i m e -------------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e --------------------------------------W o m e n 2 ---------------------------------------------

113
107
93
14

$ 3 . 53
3 .4 9
3 .4 9
3 .4 4
63
72
84
56
42
71

12

57
42
15
73
38
35
53
35
26
9
18

26
2 . 25
2 . 28
2 . 14
2 . 16
2 . 13
2 .4 3
2. 50
2. 36
2 . 88
2. 31

8
20

13
63
159
124
98
26
35

69
29
23
40
21

19

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

_
-

2.

_
-

-

.
.

_
.

_
-

-

„

4
4
4
_

1
1

_
1

12

_

4
3
3

1

5
3
3

1
1

1
1

9
3

2
2

1
1

3
3

4
4

14
14

3

5
5

32
14
18

23
13

10

8
2
6
6

4
2
8

7

2
1

1

10

7
7
-

3

6

10
2
2
1
1

7
3
19
10

9
1

2
1

_

_

_
.
-

1
1
1

_

_
_

1

_
_

2
1
1

5
2
1
1

9

3

6
6

3

3
3
4
3
2
1
1

3

_

9

2 .4 8
2. 64
2. 63

2

3
3

3

-

-

-

2
1

2

3

_

2
1

1

2

_

1

2. 24
2 .5 0
2 . 53
2 .4 5
2 .8 0
2 .4 2

39

_

5
17
14
14

1
21

2
20

17
17

13

_

_

3

4

5
7

_

3
19

8
6
6

12
12

_

_

2

7

3
16
15
15
1

14
8

7
1
6

3

8

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n s u f f ic ie n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b l ic a ti o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w ag e p a y m e n t,
p re d o m in a n tly tim e w o r k e r s .




5
5
5
«.

3

20
12
8

7
7
7
«

7
7
4
3

2
2
2

«.

9
9
9
_
_
_
_

8
8

5
3

12
12
11
1

1
1
1

10
10
8
2

3

_

2

1
1
2

_

_

_

6

3

_

2
2

1
1
2

_

_

4
2

2

1

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.
_

_
.

1
6

1

_

1

1

1
1

_

.

4
4
4

1

_

_

-

-

-

~

4
7

5
17
12
6
6

1

_

5
5

9
9
7

1

4

1

_

„

2

_
„
_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

11
11
2

m

9
3
3
_

1
1
1

.

.

_
1
1
1

1

m
_

3

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_

„
_

„
_

2

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

1

_
_

_

_

In c lu d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to t h o s e show n s e p a r a te l y .

_

_

1
_
_

5

“

1
1
1

_
_

1

_

5
5
5

1

_

_
_

5
5
4

_
_
_

9

1

_

1

1
1
1

_

.

_

3
3
3

_

2
2

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

_

_
_
_
_

_

_

2
2
2

*

_

_

1
1
1

_

7
3

1
11
11

_
_

_

_

-

2
1

_
_

1

_

I

_

3
3
2
1

1

_

3
1
2

1
1
1

10
10
10

_

_

T a b le 13. O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :

M is s o u ri

(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s -----------------------------M e n ------------------------------- ------------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------------------

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N u m b e r A v erag e
$ 2 . 00 $ 2 .0 5 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 15 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 25 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 35 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 .4 5 $ 2 . 5 0 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $'3. 20 $ 3 . 4 0 $ $ . 6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 20 $ 4 7 4 0 $ 4 . 6 o $ 4 . 80 $ $ .0 0
of
h o u r ly
and
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s 1
and
under
$ 2 .0 5 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 15 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 .2 5 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 35 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .4 5 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 . 80 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 . 2 0 $ 4 .4 0 $ 4 . 60 $ 4 . 80 $ 5 .0 0 o v e r
2, 270
278
1, 992

$ 2 . 60
3 .0 0
2. 54

536
38
498

60

57
8

2

6

49

77

137

52
5
47

132

60

.

.

.

.

_

2

_

79

143

12

126

53
3
50

39
3
36

52
4
48

144
19
125

183
35
148

104
15
89

73
6

67

57
4
53

123
11
112

100
22

91

78

71

20

48
18
30

42

26

16

24

6

4

12

11
6

6
2

13

11

31

20

12

12

5

4

7

“

“

6

S e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , c lo th , m a c h in e (40 m e n ,
1 w o m e n ) ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------------M a r k e r s ( a ll m en ) ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------

41
12

3. 50
3. 33
Q9
3. 17

19
13

56
26
30
75
27
48

2 .5 1
2 .5 6
2 .4 7
3 .0 8
3 .4 0
2 .9 1

1 ,0 5 6
1 ,0 3 6

2. 53
2. 54

„

2

“

4
_
j
2

_

2
2

_

4

4

"

4

1

6

2
1

4

9

6

1

1

1

“

5
5

"

“

4
“

“

3
„
3

_
_

5
3

2

2

_
3

2

2

2

28
28

66
66

m
m

_
”

6
1
2
2

T r o u s e r f a b r i c a t io n
I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l (a ll w o m e n ) -----------------T i m e -------------------------------------------I n c e n t i v e -------------------------------------P r e s s e r s , f in is h , m a c h i n e --------------------M en ( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----------W o m e n ( a ll i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) -----S e w in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , t r o u s e r s
(1 m a n , 1 ,0 5 5 w o m e n ) 3-------------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------> A tta c h c r o t c h p i e c e s ( a ll w o m e n )
‘
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------A tta c h p o c k e ts ( a ll w o m e n )
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------A tta c h b e l t lo o p s ( a ll w o m e n )
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------A tta c h f ly a ll w o m e n )
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------A t t a c h w a is tb a n d ( a ll w o m e n )
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------A t ta c h z ip p e r ( a ll w o m e n )
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------B a r ta c k i n g (a ll w o m e n )
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------B u tto n h o le m a k e r s (a ll w o m en )
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) ---------------------H e m le g b o tto m s ( a ll w o m e n ) 4b / -------J o in i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s
( a ll w o m e n ) 4b / -----------------------------------J o in s e a t s e a m s ( a ll w o m en )
( a ll in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------M a k e lo o p s ( a ll w o m e n ) 4b / -----------------P i e c i n g f ly s (a ll w o m e n )
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) ------------ —-----P i e c i n g p o c k e ts ( a ll w o m en )
( a ll i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------S e r g in g ( a ll w o m en )
( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------S e w in g o n b u tto n s ( a ll w o m en )
( a ll in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------S ew o n w a is tb a n d lin in g ( a ll w o m en )
( a ll in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------S t it c h p o c k e ts (a ll w o m e n )
( a ll in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) --------------------T r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g p u l l e r s
( a ll w o m e n ) (a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ------

See footnotes at end of table.




7
4
3

_

_

1

_
_
_
_
.

.

2

1

1

105
105

26

24

30
30

33
29

25
25

_

_

m

19

3

6

2

2

4

1

1

_

14

1

6

1

8
6
11

-

.

4

.

1

2

2

_
_
.

7
5

4

1
1

1

_

2

3

262

40
40

28
28

42
30

.

'l

.

4
7
264

2

_
_

.

2

1

_

4
4
.

1

3
_
3
3
_
3

4

_
_
5
_
5

26
26

61
61

61
61

51
51

35
35

_

_

2

4

5

5

2

1

4

2

_

_

1

1

1

1

_
1
1

6
6
6
2

2

_

2
2

1
1

5

1
2

1

4

2
1
1

39
39

27
27

21
21

15
15

12
12

1

3

1

_

1

2

1

2

1

1

1

1

2

_

_

_

_

_

2 .2 5

4

2 .4 2

11

5

2

19

2 .4 6

3

„

1

_

_

40

2 .4 3

14

2

1

3

4

1

1

2

2

1

_

1

1

1

2

2 .6 6

12

1

1

1

1

_

2

2

_

_

1

_

3

3

2

5

3

1

13

2. 77

2

_

1

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

3

1

_

62

2 .4 7

17

2

1

1

11

2

3

1

„

1

4

3

4

1

_

17
15

2. 54
2 .5 6

3
4

_

_
.

1
1

4

_

_

1

2

2
2

1

1

_

_

82

2 .4 0

20

5

2

2

10

1

29
9

2. 76
2. 57

4
4

_

„

2

8

_

13

1

1

_

2

1

4

3

1

1

42

2

4

1

1

_

_
_

2

_

5
3

2

2

4
4

7
7

2
2

4

2
2

24

4
4

4
4

1

1

2
1

1
1

1

13

1

1
1

1
m

75

6

1

_

_

2

1

2

_

m

_

_

1

_

4

6

2

1

3

4

8

3

4

4

2

1

_

_

2

_

1
1

_
_

1

3
_

_
_

2

1
1

1

1

2

2

6

2. 72

31

2 .2 8

40

2.

58

7

2

1

1

2

.

1

4

14

2. 50

6

_

_

1

.

1

_

_

13

3. 06

1

_

_

„

„

_

_

33

2 .4 3

11

_

_

1

5

1

51

2 . 68

8

2

4

1

8

2

2

1

1

1

1

2
1

3
1

1

_

_

2

_

1

2

6

2

1

1

3

2

2

_

1

1

_

_

2

_

_

_

2

_

1

_

1

_

1

„

_

3

_
_

3

1

1

1

_

_

_

1

_

1

1

1

_

2

3

3

1

1

_

1

“

4

-

1

1

3

-

1

1

3

3

3

1

1

_

_

_

_
_

_

-

3

1

_

_
1

_

_
1

1

_
-

1

Table 13. Occupational earnings: M isso u ri— Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in men’ s and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)

Occupation and sex

U nd erpressers -----------------------------------Men (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )---------Women (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )------

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-■time hourly earnings of—
Number A vera g e
$ 2 .0 0 $2.05 $ 2 . 10 $2. 15 $ 2 . 20 $2. 25 $2. 30 $2. 35 $2.40 $2.45 $2.50 $ 2 . 60 $2. 70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3. 60 $3. 80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4. 60 $4. 80 $5. 00
of
hourly
and
w orkers earnings
and
under
$2. 05 $ 2 . 10 $2. 15 $ 2 . 20 $2.25 $2. 30 $2.35 $2.40 $2.45 $2. 50 $ 2 . 60 $2. 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $3.00 $3. 20 $3.40 $3. 60 $3. 80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4. 60 $4. 80 $5.00 o ver
69
18
51

$2. 74
2. 93
2 . 68

_
.
-

2

1

-

17

2

7

2

1

8

1

3

1

-

5
3

-

-

2
1

-

-

1

1

2

4

2

1
1

12

4

-

12
12

•
-

-

4

2
2

_
.

1

2

3
3

2
1
1

2

18

1
1

4

1

3

1

-

-

3

1

1
2

7
3
4

4

-

-

1

-

15
15
15

16

-

-

2

3
13
13

2
1
1
1

.

-

2

_

5
5

2

1

1

1

-

-

-

3

1

1

2

1

2

2

-

-

5

-

-

-

1

-

2
1
1

2

3

3

2

-

1

-

1
1

1

Miscellaneous
A dju sters (sew ing-m achine re p a ire rs )
(a ll men) (a ll t im e w o rk e rs )---------------A ssem b lers (garm ent bundlers,
a sso rters) ----------------------------------------——— —— ——————- ■i
— —— — ———— .
——
Women —— — —
—
—
— ■ . ■ --■ -■
■ i—

19

3. 93

68

2.

Garm ent re p a irers (match-up g ir ls ,
mender) (1 man, 16 women)
(a ll tim e w o rk e rs )-----------------------------Janitors (21 men, 2 women)
(a ll tim e w o rk e rs )-----------------------------Packers (9 men, 1 woman)
(a ll tim e w o rk e rs )-----------------------------Stock clerk s, garments (8 men,
5 women) (a ll tim ew o rk e rs)---------------Stock clerks, piece goods (a ll men)
tail tim ew orKers) - — —
—— - —- W ork distributors (bundle b o y s )-----------M e n ------------------------------------------T i m e ------------------------------------Women (a ll tim ew o rk e rs)-------------

2

_

57

50
2.41
2.52
2. 52

5
3

2
2

7
61

•
_

_

-

17

2 . 66

-

-

2

1

-

2

1

-

-

2

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23

2. 52

6

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

4

3

-

-

-

1

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

2. 74

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

3

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

.

1

1

2

-

-

-

.

_

.

.

2
1
1
1

"

"

"

“

13

2 . 69

-

13
58
36
32
22

2.59
2.49
2. 52
2. 54
2.44

5
8
7
7
1

1

l

_
„

-

2
2
2

8
-

_

-

6
6

_

.

_

8

2

"

3
’

2

1
1
1

-

5

6

12

_

2
1

"

■

3

3
3
3

9
9
3

-

1
1
1

6

4
4
2

-

-

-

-

.

-

.

.

-

-

.

_

_

1 Excludes prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 Includes sewing-machine operators in addition to those shown separately.
2 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 1 at $5 to $5.20, 2 at $5.20 to $5.40, and 1 at $5.40
4 Insufficient data to warrant publication of separate a verages by method o f wage payment; (a) p reto $5.60.
dominately time w orkers, or (b) predom inately incentive w o rk ers.




Table 14. Occupational earnings: North Carolina
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)

A ll production w o r k e r s ------ — ------------M e n ---------------------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------------

1, 551
199
1, 352

$2 . 58
2.91
2. 53

480
26
454

20

14

3. 65
2. 94

"

42
24

2.43
2. 65

4
1

84
61

3. 13
2.87

7
7

146
1
3
133

111

'

6

13

-

4

5
5

1

4

75
9

79
14

89

66

6b

81

6

79
12

67

17
94

8

57
7
50

48
7
41

41
3
38

46
12

34

33
3
30

41
3
38

30
7
23

26
7
19

50
11

14
4

39

10

t

$2 . 10 $ . 2 0 $ . 30 $2.40 $ . 50 $ . 60 $2. 70 $2.80 $2. 90 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3.20 $3. 30 $3.40 $3. 50 $3. 60 $3. 70 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4. 40 $4. 60
2
2
2
2

$47W $5700“ $5730“

f
,
oo
o

$2 . 00 p r n r $Z770" $37375" $2.40 $Z757J" $2 . 60 $2. 70 $2,575 $27W $3T00 "$37173" $37273" $2730 $3740" $3730" $3. 60 $3770“ $3. 80 $4700" $4730" $47415"
hourly
of
and
w orkers earnings1
under

cr
o

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e earnings of—
Occupation and sex

$5. 00 $5.20 over

and

30
7
23

18
4
14

18
15
3

6

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

6

2

1

7

_

3

9
3

3
3

13

4

1
12

4
3

4

1

7
_
7

S elected occupations
Cutting
Cutters, cloth, machine (a ll m en)3-----Spreaders (a ll men)4 --------------------------

4

2

6

1

-

"

4

2

"

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

10
8

9
7

3

.

4
-

12

26

22

15

13

3

1

1

3

1

"

-

T ro u ser fabrication
Inspectors, final (a ll women) — ----------In c e n t iv e ------------ -------- — ——
P r e s s e r s , finish, machine
(a ll incentive w o r k e r s )--------------------W om en ------------------------------------Sewing-machine operators, trou sers
(a ll women) (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )5
——
Attach crotch pieces --------------------Attach p o c k e ts ------------------------------Attach belt lo o p s ---------------------------Attach f l y ------------------------------------Attach w a is tb a n d --------------------------B a rta ck in g-----------------------------------Hem leg b o tto m s---------------------------Join inseams and o u tseam s------------Join sea ts e a m s -----------------------------Make lo op s-----------------------------------Make pockets -------------------------------S e r g in g ----------------------------------------Sew on waistband lin in g -----------------Stitch p o c k e ts -------------------------------Th read trim m ers and basting pullers
(71 women, 2 men) (a ll incentive
w o r k e r s )------------------------------------------

1

4

70

5
3

35
27
14
36
73

2.

59

16

3

23

3.61

7

10

136
28
50
35
98
35
61
36
11

2.
2.

45

62
38
2. 57
2.40
2.91
2. 72
2.45
2.79
2.47
2. 36
3.06
2.89
2. 71
2. 50
2.69

818

243
5
49
10

17
7
34
7
25
13
3
4

7
7

2
2

2
2

2
2

1
1

1
1

3
3

1
1

8
8

4
4

2
2

3
2

1
1

31

25

16

29

43

32

51

-

10

1
10
1

-

17
3

53
3
5
3

3

3

_

1

6

1

2

-

-

-

2

13

6

1
2
8
5

2
1

2
6
1

1
1
2

3
9
5

5
2

3
2

4

4

3

1

1

3

4

6

-

2

3
5
_

7

4

_

1
1

2

2

_

_

3
3
3

4

1

2
1

-

_

_

_

_

3
2

1
1

2

_

_

1
1
1

_

1
1

1
6
1
1
1
1

2
1
2
1

2

_

4
3
1
1
1
1
1

1

-

-

35

9
_

18
_
4
_

_

6

4
_
4

_

_

2

_
_

1

_

_

_

2

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

10

2

-

2
1

3
_

3

_

3

3

_
4
4
_

1
1

2
2

_

1
1

_

1
2

5

_

_

2
2

1

_

_
_

3

-

-

2

1

3

-

1
1

_

1

-

_

_

6
1

_
_
1
1

_
_
_

_

-

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

1

_

_

_

_
1

_
_

_

_
_
_

2

5

3

1
1
1
2

3

7

14

4

3

5

2

6

1

-

1

2

-

1

-

2

-

“

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

1

2

6

-

1

3

3

-

-

-

_

3

_

1

_

6

“

1

1
1

2

"

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

9
8

6

12

2

2

4
2

6
6

-

2

2
2

2

-

12

7
5

1

-

17
_
4
_
_

-

-

6

4

1

1

_

1

_

1
1

3

M iscellaneous
A dju sters (sew ing-m achine re p a ire r s )
(a ll men) (a ll tim e w o rk e rs )--------------A ssem b lers (garm ent bundlers,
as so rters) (11 women, 3 men)
(a il tim e w o r k e r s )----------------------------Packers (b women, 2 men4 ----------------W ork distributors (bundle boys)
(a ll t im e w o rk e rs )----------------------------M e n ------------------------------- — ------W o m en ------- ■-----------------------------

14
8

44
26
18

2.23
2. 32
2 .2 2

2. 24
2 . 18

11

4
7

1 Excludes premium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays,
2 Includes 2 w orkers at $ 1. 90 to $2,
3 W orkers paid on a tim e and incentive basis w ere equally divided.




and late

shifts,

-

-

“

-

4 Insufficient data to warrant publication of separate averages by method o f wage payment,
predominantly incentive w orkers,
5 Includes sewing-machine operators in addition to those shown separately.

Table 15. Occupational earnings: Pennsylvania
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1of workers in selected occupations in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)
Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
Occupation and sex

$ Z 7 W $ Z 7 0 F $ Z 7 T C f z r r r $Z7ZTT $ Z 7 Z T
h o u r ly
of
and
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s 1
un der

$Z75F $Z7?C

s z r s t r Sz

4, 329
735
3, 59 4

$ 3 . 15

293

3 . 63
3 . 05

29
264

20
2
18

43
5
38

86
7
79

51
2
49

99
18
81

$ Z 7 7 t r $ Z751T $ Z 7 W

$3 7Z 0 " $ 3 7 4 0 -P 7 5 7 J - P 7 W

p t o c

$5700- $ 3 T W $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 .2 0 $5750* $ 5 7 0 0 "
and

$ 2 . 0 5 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 15 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 2 5 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 3 5 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 4 5 $ 2 . 5 0

A ll production w orkers
M e n ---------------------Women ----------------

t o c

80

85

96

4

80

81

6
90

_

$ 2 .6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 00 $ 4 . 4 0 $ 4 . 8 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5 . 6 0 $ 6 . 0 0

103
3
100

225
29
196

2 54
20
234

214
31
183

189
19
170

447
66

353
62

234

381

291

279
66
213

218

305

51
225

49

90
215

1
1

255
21

276

14
12

4
4

169

193
71
12 2

79

41

39
40

16
25

over

10
6
4

35
23
12

S elected occupations—
Cutting
Cutters, cloth, machine
(45 men, 1 w om a n )--------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------In cen tive------------------------------Cutters and m arkers, cloth (a ll m en)3 —
a/
M ark ers (a ll m e n )-----------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------Spreaders (28 men, 1 wom an)3
a/-----------

46
37
9
17
12
9
29

5
5

4 . 13
3 . 92
4 . 98
4 . 42
3 .9 9
3 .8 5
3 . 31

2

_

-

1
1

“

"

_

-

-

“

1

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

9
8
1
3
3
2

8
6
2
5
1
1

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
1

6
2
2

4

-

1

■

-

■

2

4

5

6

1

3

1

15

21

-

6
1

8
5

3

17
4

5

3

1
1
1
1

■

13
2

2

2
1

1
1

“

3

-

23

“

T ro u ser fabrication
Inspectors, final (2 men, 146 women) —
T i m e -----------------------------------In cen tive------------------------------P r e s s e r s , finish, m a c h in e ----------------M e n -----------------------------------------T im e ------------------------------------In c e n t iv e -----------------------------Women (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )----Sewing-machine operators, trou sers4
---M e n -----------------------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------In c e n t iv e -----------------------------W om en -------------------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------In c e n t iv e -----------------------------Attach crotch p ie c e s ----------------------Women (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )----Attach pockets -----------------------------W om en --------------------------------------

148

2 .9 2

91
57

2 .8 4

124

4 . 14

101

4 . 30

13

4 . 30

88
23

4 . 30
3 .4 4

2, 309
63

3 . 17
4 . 04

6
57
2, 2 46
164
2, 082

See footnotes at end of table,




4.
4.
3.
3.
3.

18
03
14
07
15

31

3 .2 7

28
211

3 . 19
3 . 17
3 . 15

2 07
190

Attach belt loops (a ll women) V -------Attach fly (a ll wom en)3
b/----------------Attach waistband (a ll w om en)----------In cen tive------------------------------Attach zipper (1 man, 38 wom en)3 —
b/
Bartacking (1 man, 102 women) 3
b7-—
Buttonhole m a k e r s ------------------------W om en -------------------------------------In c e n t iv e -----------------------------Hem leg bottoms (a ll women) fb/-------Join inseams and outs ea rn s------------Women (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )----Join s ea tsea m s-----------------------------W om en -------------------------------------T im e ------------------------------------In cen tive------------------------------Make loops (1 man, 40 w om en )-------T im e ------------------------------------In cen tive------------------------------Make pockets (1 man, 134 women)----In c e n t iv e -----------------------------P iecin g f l y s ---------------------------------W o m e n V ---------------------------------P iecin g pockets
(1 man, 62 women) 3
b/--------------------

3 .0 3

69
84
126
12 2
39
103
43
40
35
28
178
174
65

3 . 04
3 .2 3
3 . 51

5
1

3

4
2

3

_
-

2
1 62
1
1
161
13
148

_
_

8
8
7
2
2

3 . 06
3. 06
3 .2 2

12
12

3 . 07

5

3 . 02
3 . 05
3. 05
2 .9 7

2

3 . 10
3 . 03
3 .2 9
3 . 09
3 . 00
3 . 10
3 . 03

2

2
2
2
15
15
1
1

60
7
53
41
12

2 .9 5

-

29
135

3 . 07
3 . 36

4

3 .3 6

128
27

3 .7 1

24

3 . 36

2
4

3 .7 1

63

1
2

_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

8

8
1
7

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

2
2

_
_
_
_
_
1

1
1

2
2
1
1
1
2

1
1
1
5

24
2
2

1

3

39

1

1
27

_

1
3
1
1
1

_

41

22

39

27
1

41
5

22

39

26

36

_

.
_

4
4
4

_

2

_
_

2

1
1

2
2

2
1

4

3
3

-

1
1

-

_
_

_
_
_

45

45
4
41
1

6
6
6
3

1
6
6
6
3

2
2

3
2
2

_

1
-

_
_
-

4
1
1
1
2

_
_
_
-

1

5

2

3

1

5
1

2
1
1

3

_
_
_

9

3

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

1
1

_
-

1

1
1

1

_
-

2

2
2
1

1

2
2

_
_
_
-

48
2
2
46
4
42
1
1

_
_

51

_
_

103

51
1

41

-

97

5
5

1
11
11
11

_

_
_

5
1

1
1
1
5

4
4

6
5

11
11
10
1
5
1
1

5

3

4
12

2

2
2

9
9

_
_

9

2
2

_

2

6

2
2
2

8
8

4

2

-

4

1

1

1

_
-

_

5

103
6

6

4
1

1
46

7

46
5

2

5

1

-

12

51

-

_

2
1
1

-

4

-

_

_
_
-

2
2
2
1

2

8

2
1
1

8
2
2

1
4

2
2

4

2

2
2

5
5

-

-

31
25

17
16

6
2

1

1
1
1
133
3
3
130
8
1 22
1
1

_
_

106

-

1
1

_
2
2

5
1

2

1
4

98

144

_

106
6

98
11

100

87

3
3
6
6
6

9
9
9
2

4

5

4

9
9
1
2

8
8

_
_
_
_

2

_

16
16
16
2

6
6
6

243

17 7

160

1 67

4

3
1
2

13 8
11

4
239
20
219
3
3
28
28
27
7

5
3

16
6

1
1

2
2

174
22
152
1
1

-

160
9
15 1
6

8
159
8
151
5
5

10
10

6
15
15

11
11

8
3

14
4

10
3

4

10
6
5

2
20

9
7
3

-

20
2

5
5

20
20

17
17

10
10

4

3
3
2

5
4

3

4

10
10

3

6

4
4
1

3

6

4
2

1
4

1
1

4
4
2

3
3
1

4

2

2

15
15

10
10

8
8
2

6

3
2
1

2
2

3
5

2

12
12

3
1
1

4

3

_

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

2

1

-

-

2

3

-

-

_

_

18
16

_

8
5

4
6

_
_

2

2

8
3

9
6

3
3
2

6
5
1

5
5

11
11

5

3
187
13

92
1
5

11
127
3

10
174
5

124
4
2

169
2

12
12
12
5

23

4

11

5
9
1
1
1

-

1
19
19
5
9
9
4
5

6

86
5
81

-

7
7
2
9
11
4
4
3
4

4
4
4
4
13

-

13

3

9
7
7

4
4

2
2

2
2

3

7

2

2
1

-

4
12
11

4

2

-

3

_

3
21

-

3

8

2
1

_

31
2

1

1
1

4
2
6

1

12
2

8
1

7
16

-

8
13
2

-

16
2

8
4
5

4
4

24

10
2

1
2

5

10
12
12

1

_

1
1

1

1
14
12

11

4
2

1
12
12

-

_

144
22
122

-

6
23
21

18
16

1

9
6
5

2

-

_

6

3
27

3
1

1

-

1

4

6

1

4
1

1
2
2

4
2
2

2

_

1

-

3
3

9

-

12
10
5

-

1

19
18

5
5

4

5

4

3
3

-

11

5

-

-

-

-

2

7

2

2
2

2

2

7

22

1

1
1
29
3
26

-

22
1
21

1

2
2

1

4

2

_
_
_
_

1

1

2

_
_
_

_
.
.

1
1

2

1
1

-

1
1

-

1

2

-

-

2

1

3

-

16
58

-

8
8
1
7

-

2
2
1

-

1
1

_
_
5
1

1

2
2
1

7

4

_
-

_
_
_
-

1
1

-

2

-

Table 15. Occupational earnings: Pennsylvania — Continued
(Number and average straight-time earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)

Occupation and sex

Number of w orkers re ceivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Number A verage
$2. 7T
of
hourly
and
w orkers earnings1

$Z7TET P 7 T 5 - $ 2 . 2 0

$ 2 . 3 o $27"31T $ Z 7 W $ Z 7 T 5 - £2. 50 $ 2 7 5TT $Z77TT $ Z 7 8 tr $ Z 7 W $37W

$ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $3 .1 >0 $ 3 7 W $ 5 7 W $ 4 7 W $ 3 7 W $ 5 . 2 0 $ 3 7 W $ 5 i 0 0

and

2r
5 $2. 10 $ 2 . 15 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 . 2 5 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 . 3 5 $ 2 . 4 0 $ 2 . 4 5 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 0 0

over

$4. 4 0 $ 4 .8 0 $ 5 . 2 0 $ 5 . 6 0 $ 6 . 00

T rou ser fabrication—
Serging
Women
Incentive
Sew on bottons Women3
b
Sew on waistband lining Women (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )----Stitch pockets (1 man, 95 women)3
b/~
Th read trim m ers and basting pullers
(1 man, b9 women)
(a ll incentive w o r k e r s )---------------------U nderpressers ---------------------------------Men
T im e Incentive W om en -------

105
99
95
35
31
44
40
96

$2.87
2.84
2.82
3. 03
2.88
3. 53
3.44
3. 18

70
183
119
19
100
64
11
53

3. 13
3. 56
3. 67
3. 51
3. 70
3,35
2.92
3.44

43

4.22

79
32
47
34
13

2.94
3. 07
2.86
2. 70
3.27

72
22
16
6
26

2.82
2. 60
2.66
2.45
3. 17

20
10
7

3. 50
3. 32
3. 35

9
89
64
25

3.65
2.96
3. 04
2. 76

18

1

4

3

18

1
1

3
3

3
3

18
4
4

1
1
2

3

9

3

1

4

11

7

6

6

6

3

3

7

6

9

3

3

6
4
4

9
2
2

3
2

1

6

1
1

2
2

11
10
2
2
2

7
6

1
1

4
4
2
2

3

8

6
6
5

6
6
1
1
1

5

8

_

_

8
9

1
3

5

4

1

_

_

_

7

11

3

1

1

-

-

5
21

3

7

2
1

3

-

_
2

2

2

2

_

2

2

-

-

4

3
3

1

-

7
5
5

1
1

-

1
1

-

6

-

1
1

4
4

-

2

6

-

4

1

4

!

3
3
5

7

_
-

1
1

2
2

9

12

14

2

5

1
1

-

3

1
2

3

1

3

3

3

11

6

3

3

2

6

6

2

1

5

1

7

6

12

14

-

-

9
1

3
1
2

8
1
7
2

3

9

9
5

10

3

11

9

3

6

_

8
1
7
4

6
5

-

18
12
1

9

-

8
5
3
2

10

-

3
2

14

4

4
5

1
2

_
_
_
_

-

-

4

5

_
1

6

4
2

1

-

1

2

5

2

1

1

8
5

1
3

4
4
4

3

6

-

1
1
1

2

1

1

2

-

5

1

5

4
2

3

_
2

_

2

1
2

_

-

1
4
1

10

2
8

4

8

4

3

12
2

4
2
_

8
4
_

7

10

8

_

9

4
_

2
2

4
4

9

"

2

4

1

M iscellaneous
A dju sters (sew ing-m achine re p a ire r s )
(a ll m e n )W -----------------------------------A ssem b lers (garm ent bundlers,
a sso rters) M en3
a

Garm ent re p a irers (match-up girls,
m ender) (2 men, 70 women) V ------J a n it o r s --------------------------------------Men (a ll tim ew o rk e rs)----Women (a ll tim ew orkers)
Packers (a ll men) (a ll tim ew orkers) •
Snipping clerks (18 men, 2 women)
(a il tim e w o rk e rs )-----------------------Stock clerks, garments Men (a ll tim ew o rk e rs)----------Stock clerks, piece goods (a ll men)
(a ll tim e w o r k e r s )----------------------W ork distributors (bundle b o y s )----Men (a ll tim e w o rk e rs )----------Women (a ll tim ew o rk e rs)------

5

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

6

_

_

2

4
2
2

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

2

-

-

2

-

-

2

1

1

4

5

1

5

6
-

2
-

11
5

3

12

5

5

4

4

1

6
6

2
_

1
4

3

2
2

8
4

4
_

6
6

8
4
4

5

3

1
3

4

4
2
2

1
_

6
2
1
1

_

2
-

-

.

1
2

_

5

-

1

3
2

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

_
-

-

1
-

-

-

_

-

1
-

3
2
1
1
2

22
_
_

1

1
3

4
2

21
_

1
1

_
_

1
1
1
_

6
4
4
_

1

_
_

2
_
_
_

8

6

5

1

1

4
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
_

1
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

“

1

3

-

1

11

4

1

1

1

-

_

2

_

_

7

4

.

.

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

5
2

4
-

-

1
2
2

_

.

_
1

1

_

2

_

_

8
5
3

3

7
5
2

7
2

2
1

1
12

1
-

-

-

-

.

.

_

_

4
3
1

-

4

4

2
2

1
3

-

5
5

-

-

'

'

Excludes premium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 1 at $6 to $6.40 and 2 at $6.40 to $6.80.
Insufficient data to w arrant publication of separate averages by method of wage payment;




-

2

_

-

1
1

2
1
1

3
■

5

11
1

-

1

_

1

8
7

10
5
5

6
6

1
1
1

!

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

2
1
1

_

1
-

-

1

2
2

_

1

(a) predominantly tim ew orkers, or (b) predominantly incentive w orkers.
4 Includes sewing-machine operators in addition to those shown separately.
5 A ll workers w ere $6 to $6.40.

2
2

Table 16. Occupational earnings: Tennessee
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)

Occupation and sex

A ll production w orkers
Men ---------------------

Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
Numbeir Atfprag<
|$2. 50 B2. 60 |$2. 70 |$2. 80 BZ; 90 B3. 00 $3. 10B3.20 |$3. 30 R3.40 f$3'. 60 |$3. 801$4. 00 |$4. 201$4,401$4. 60■$4:'8'0]$5. 00]$5."Z'0 K5.40 B5. 60
$2.
hourly;e]$2. oo ($2, 1 0 pz. 2b | SO |$2.40
of
1 and
w orkers earnings1
undeil
3
$2. 10 $2. 20 |$2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 $2.60 $2. 70 $2.80 $ 2 , 90 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3.20 $3. 30 $3. 40 (S . 60 $3. 80 $4. 00 $4,20 $4, 40 $4. 60 $4.80 $5. 00 $5. 20 $5. 40 $5. 60 $5. 80
5, 601
923
4, 678

2. 62
2.93
2. 56

1150
117
1033

208
32
176

17
17

2

486
56
430

552
123
42 9

491
83

363
28
335

369
58
311

16
16
15
2

16

11

16

9
23
8

13
5
236
236

10
10

15
13

239
239

200

345

66
279

302
29
273

169
11
158

160

166
18
148

142

120

16C

24
96

Selected occupations
Cutting
3. 64
3. 27
3.89
2. 91
2. 92
2.86
3. 58
2.86
4. 08

Cutters, cloth, machine (a ll men) ■
Incentive
M ark ers (a ll tim ew orkers)
M e n -----------------------Spreaders (a ll men)
T im e --------T ro u s e r fabrication
Inspectors, f i n a l ------------W omen2 --------------b
P r e s s e r s , finish, machine M e n ----------------------Incentive
W om en ------Sewing-machine operators, tro u sers1
*
---Women2 ---------------------------------b
Attach crotch pieces
(a ll incentive w orkers)
Attach pockets (a ll incentive
w ork ers) Attach belt loops (a ll incentive
w o r k e r s )----------------------------Women Attach fly (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )----Attach waistband (a ll incentive
w o r k e r s )------------------------------------Attach zipper (a ll incentive
w orkers)
Bartacking (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )---Bottonhole m akers (a ll incentive

173
157
293
134
126
159
117
3, 087
3, 065

21
2

2
19
9
546
538

2
8

6
6

10
10

16

2
2

6
6

6
6

10

15
5
5
10
4
2 93
293

122
122

6
301
296

34

22

4

2

291

7

30

23
19
19

7
7

10

10

9
7
13

11

35

See footnotes at end of table.




200

13

6
9
3
3

5
5

6
4
170
170

2
134

27

109
95
140

8

8

8
8
11

4

34

8

8

5

27

30

13

10

2

5

2

4

2

13

3

3

3

307

40

13

30

11

17

145
32

2

12

19

11

6

98

5

10

2

98
26

12

6

2

1

126
180

19

8

12

9

17

2

46

4

105

113
113

6
2
2
5

6

2
25

6
6

2

2

43
277
36

Hem leg bottoms (a ll incentive
w o r k e r s )-------------------------------------Join inseams and outseams
(a ll incentive w orkers) ---------------Join seatseam s (a ll incentive
w o r k e r s )-------------------------------------Make loops (a ll incentive w ork ers) —
Make pockets (a ll incentive
w o r k e r s )------------------------------------P iecin g flys (a ll incentive w orkers) —
P iecin g pockets (a ll incentive
w o r k e r s )-------------------------------------Serging (a ll incentive w ork ers)--------Sew on buttons (a ll incentive
w orkers)
Sew on waistband lining (a ll incentive
w o r k e r s )-------------------------------------Stitch pockets (a ll incentive
w o r k e r s )-------------------------------------

251
248

16
6
4

3
3

10

5
3
5

111
26

Table 16. Occupational earnings: Tennessee— Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings1 of workers in selected occupations in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)

Occupation and sex

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
.Number
$2 . d o $ . 10 $ .2 0 $2. 3b $2.40 $2. 50 $ . 6 0 $2. 70 $2.80 $ . 90 $3. 00 p . lo $3.20
2
2
2
2
$3.40
$37W $4700 $4.20 $4. 40 $4. 60 $4.80 $5. 00 $5.20 $5.40 $5. 60
hourly
of
and
w orkers earnings1
under
$ . 10 $ . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2. 50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3.20 $3. 30 $3. 40 $3. 60 $3.80 $4. 00 $4.20 $4.40 $4. 60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5. 40 $5. 60 $5.80
2
2

T ro u ser fa b rica tio n — Continued
Th read trim m ers and basting pullers
(a ll women) (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )----U nderpressers (a ll incentive w orkers) —
M e n ----------------------------------------W om en --------------------------------------

111
120

62
58

$2.73
2 . 60
2.80
2.38

23
43
20

23

3

14

c

8
2
6

6

2
2

4
2

13
13
9
4

1

2

6

2

4

4

5
1

9
3

4

4

9
4
5

_

_

6

3

4
3
3

7
2
2

-

2
2

6

_
_

2

2
1
1

6
2
2

_

_

4

4

4

4

4

1
1

1
1

.

_
_
_

1
1

-

M iscellaneous
A dju sters (sew ing-m achine re p a ire r s )
(a ll men) (a ll t im e w o r k e r s )-------------A ssem b lers (garm ent bundlers,
a s s o r t e r s )---------------------------------------Men2 --------------------------------------—
b
Garm ent re p a irers (match-up g irls ,
m enders) (a ll women ) 2 ---------------------M e n -----------------------------------------Women Packers -------------------------------------------Men (a ll tim e w o rk e rs )----------------Work distributors (bundle b o y s ) ---------M e n ----------------------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------

73

3.78

_

_

_

1

_

2

2

42

3.41
3.22

_
_

2
2

1

_
_

_
_

_
_

1
1

_

8

3

_

3

1
2
2
2

-

2
1

_

10
6
6
_

12

35
52
40
12

33
11
22

143
87
49
38
56
40

1 Excludes premium pay fo r o yertim e and
2 Insufficient data to w arrant publication

2. 45
2.26
2.29
2. 19
2.46
2. 55
2. 42
2. 35
2. 42
2.48
2. 36
2. 23
2.29

2

24

15

19

12

12

3

7
4

10
8
2

2
2

23
7
1
6
16
12

_

11

-

22
12
2
10
10

4
9
3
1
2
6
6

_

_

_

_

_

4

2

21

10

4

12

8

4

_

_

4
4

12

_

4

4

2

2

_

6

2

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

2

_

_

_

_

_

4
4

11

_

4
4

17
15

5

48
33
23

11

-

>

2
2
2

10

4

2

2

_

15
13

2
2

2

3
3

fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
of separate averages by method of wage payment;

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

>

_

_

_

l

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

2
2

1

2
2
2

1
_

_
_

_

_

_

4

_

2

_

(a) predominantly tim ew orkers, or (b) predom in an tly, incentive w orkers.
3 Includes sewing-machine operators in addition to those shown separately.

(Num ber and average straight-tim e hourly earnings 2 of workers in selected occupations in m en's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)




1

_

2

Table 17. Occupational earnings: Northeast Pennsylvania1

See footnotes at end of table,

1
2
2

_
_
_

_
_

Table 17. Occupational earnings: Northeast Pennsylvania—
Continued
(Num ber and average straight-tim e hourly earnings2 of w orkers in selected occupations in m en's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, June 1974)
Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings ofOccupation and sex

?2. 05 $2. 10 $2. 15 $2.20 $2.25 $2. 30 $2. 3b $2740 $2745 $2.30 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2. 90 $3. 03 $3.20 $3. 40 $3. 60 $3.80 $4. oo $4.20 $4. 40 $4. 60 $4.80 $5. 00
hourly $2. 00
of
w orkers earnings2
and
under
$2, 05 $2. 10 $2. 15 $2.20 $2.25 $2. 30 $2.35 $2. 40 $2.45 $2. 50 $2.60 $2. 70 $2.80 $2. 90 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3. 60 $3.80 $4. 00 $4.20 $4. 40 $4.60 $4.80 $5. 00 over

T ro u ser fabrication— Continued
P r e s s e r s , finish, machine
Men4 ----------------------Sewing-machine operators, trou sers
(7 men, 700 w om en)5---------------------Incentive
Attach pockets (a ll women)
(a ll incentive w ork ers)----------------Attach belt loops (a ll women)
(a ll incentive w orkers) --------------Attach fly (a ll women)
(a ll incentive w orkers) --------------Attach waistband (a ll women)
(a ll incentive w orkers) --------------Attach zipper (a ll wom en)4------------Bartacking (a ll women)
(a ll incentive w o r k e r s )---------------Buttonhole m akers (a ll women)
(a ll incentive w orkers) --------------Hem leg bottoms (a ll w om en)---------Join inseams and outseams
(a ll women)
(a ll incentive w orkers) --------------Join seatseam s (1 man, 21 women) —
1
0
Incentive ■
00
Make loops (a ll women) ■
Incentive
Make pockets (a ll women)
(a ll incentive w orkers) —
Piecin g flys
Women (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )P iec in g pockets (a ll women)
(a ll incentive w o r k e r s )------------Serging (a ll women)
(a ll incentive w orkers) •
Sew on waistband lining (a ll women)
(a ll incentive w orkers) ■
Stitch pockets (a ll women)
(a ll incentive w ork ers)----------------Th read trim m ers and basting pu llers
(a ll women) (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )--U nderpressers --------------------------------Men (a ll incentive w o r k e r s )-------

39
35

$4. 12
4. 07

-

707
693

2.88
2.88

61
61

87

2. 85

6

32

2.85

1
1

■
1
1

6
6

9
9

2

3

-

2

2

_

1

26

2.99

42
19

2. 72
2. 91

4
2

_

24

2.82

-

-

-

11
20

2. 53
2. 72

2
2

_
1

-

59
22
18
18
12

2.89
3. 12
3. 13
2. 63
2. 74

2
-

.
-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

_

15
9
6

3. 15
3.63
3. 57

-

_
“

_
-

-

-

-

22

3. 51

-

-

-

-

41

2.43

14

-

-

2

10

3. 13

-

-

-

-

27

3. 01

2

-

12
44
37

2. 70
2.92
3. 04

_

_

-

-

11
11

1
5
_

-

2
-

2
“

-

2
-

-

-

_

4

_

1
-

_
-

_
2
2

_
_

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

5
4

-

1

1

3
'

_
_

_
-

8

3. 52

-

-

-

9

2. 53

1

-

2

_

_

_

_
_

4
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

2
“

1

1

9

1

-

2
1

2
_

9
2
2

“

_
.
_

_
-

_
_
-

2
-

3
_

-

-

3

8
8

54
54

42
40

26
26

19
19

13
13

10
10

2

3

16

1

6

2

7

4

6

3

1

1

1

3

2

2

-

-

1
2

7
6

3
1

_

3
-

3
2
2
_

2
2
_

-

“

-

-

3

1
_

3
_

-

-

1
4
1

_
_
-

.
_
-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

3

-

2

2

2

5

6

-

-

1

-

2

-

2

4

-

2

3

_
2
2

2
2
2

1
5
5

2
_

1
4
4

3

-

1

3

4

4

-

2

-

-

-

1

.
“

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

1
2
2

_

.
1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
-

4

4

6

-

2

1

5
5

-

-

2
2
_

-

2
2

-

2

2
3
3
2
2

-

9
8

-

4
5

2
_

_

“

_
2

-

1
_

_

“

2

1

_
. -

-

2

3
3

-

2

_
-

-

2
2

37
5

-

-

4
4

_

1
1

2

9
1
1
2
2

.
3
3

-

2
2

1
1
1

2

-

-

-

2

.

.

_

.

“

_
2
2

“

2
2

1

.

2

1

2
2

_

_

_

_

'

_

_
_

_

2
_
-

-

-

91
87

8
2
2
3
1

-

_
_

_

54
54

6
_
2
2

-

9
9

4

_
-

6
3
3
_

2

.

.

.

_

2

1

2

.

2
2
1

1
1
-

9
4
-

1

4

.

.

_

_

2

1

9

1

-

-

-

-

-

3

4

-

1

3

1

1

-

The Northeast Pennsylvania Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea consists of Lackawanna,
4
Luzerne, and Monroe Counties.
w
dominantly
2
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
5
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llow s: 3 at $5 to $5.20; 1 at $5.40 to $5.60; 2 at $6 to $6. 20,
6
and 1 at $6.20 to $6.40.




2

2

4

_

_
_

3

2
2

4
-

2

_

4

4

-

_

2
2
-

2

8
-

3

2

_

4

4

-

2
2
1

-

5

_

4. 13

10

3

4
2

_
2

2. 54
2.42
3. 05

4

2

4

3

_

19

2

1

43
43

1

27
11
15

7

13
13

M iscellaneous
A dju sters (sew ing-m achine re p a ire r s )
(a ll men) (a ll tim e w o rk e rs )-------------A ssem b lers (garm ent bundlers,
a sso rters)
Women (a ll tim ew o rk e rs)-----------Packers (a ll men) (a ll tim e w o rk e rs )---Shipping clerks
(a ll tim ew orkers)
Work distributors (bundle boys)
(b men, 4 women) (a ll tim ew orkers) ■

43
41

25
25

-

-

54
54

24
24

2

-

2
_

62
60

25
21

2

9
9

10
10

■

_

2

65

1
-

-

-

-

-

]nSUf a c ient data to w arrant publication of separate a verages by method o f wage payment, p re incentive w orkers.
Include8 sewing-machine operators in addition to those shown separately.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $ 5 to $5.20 and 3 at $5.20 to $5.40.
v

Table 18. M
ethod of wage paym
ent
(P ercen t of production w orkers m m en's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments by method of wage payment, United States, selected regions, States, and areas, June 1974)
Regions
United
States2

Method of wage payment1

A ll w orkers

Middle
Atlantic

Border
States

South­
east

States
Great
Lakes

Middle
west

--------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

T im e rated w orkers ----------------------------------F orm al plan -----------------------------------------Single rate ---------------------------------------Range of r a t e s ----------------------------------Individual rates -------------------------------------

21
9
4
5
12

27
13
11
1
15

26
12
8
5
13

19
4
1
3
15

39
39
13
26
-

22
15
( 3)
15
7

Incentive w orkers -------------------------------------Individual piecew ork -----------------------------Group p ie c e w o rk ------------------------------------Individual bonus-------------------------------------Group bonus ------------------------------------------

79
74
5
( 3)
1

73
71
1

74
74

81
77
4
( 3)
( 3)

61
61

78
76
( 3)
1
( 3)

-

1

-

_

“

100

Alabama
100

M is s i­
ssippi

G eorgia
100

_

79
78
1

_

_

100

100

100

100

100

23
19
1
18
4

18
9
4
4
10

21
9
8
1
12

17
7
0
7
10

17
16
14
1
1

82
68
14
( 3)

20

81
77
4

77
75
( 3)
( 2)

82
82

79
79
( 3)

83
83
( 3)

83
83

"

( 3)

-

_

_

H

~

'

2 F o r definition of method of wage payment, see appendix A.
Includes data fo r regions in addition to those shown separately.
3 L ess than 0. 5 percent.

Northeast
T ennessee Pennsyl-

18
6
3
3
12

C)
2

4
15

Pennsyl­
vania

100

21
( 3)

19
4

Area
North
Carolina

M issouri

NO TE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.

Table 19. M in im u m jo b rates

N
>

(0

(Num ber of men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments studied by minimum job rates of cutters and sewing-machine operators, United States and selected regions, June 1974)
United States 2
Minimum job rates 1

Middle Atlantic

B order States

Sewingmachine
operators

Cutters

Sewingmachine
operators

164

164

28

28

7

7

82

137

14

23

5

6

Cutters
Establishments studied
Establishments having an established minimum ■

Cutters

Sewingmachine
operators

Southeast

Great Lakes
Cutters

Sewingmachine
operators

79

79

9

9

14

14

32

58

8

9

8

14

9
_
_
-

2
2
-

13
_
1
-

Cutters

$2. 00
$2.10
$2. 20
$2. 30
$2. 40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2. 10
$2. 20
$2. 30
$2.40
$2. 50

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

12
3
8
3
4

120
2
10
3
-

3
_
-

17
_
3
2
-

_
1
2

4
1
1

1
2
_
1
3

54
1
3
-

3
_
1
1

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$3.

60
70
80
90
00

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

8
9
2
4
5

_
_
1
_

_
_
1

_
_

_
_
_
_

.
2
_
_

-

3
2
2
3
4

.
_
_
.

1

2
1
_
_
1

-

-

$3.
$3.
$3.
$3.
$3.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
udner

$3.
$3.
$3.
$3.
$3.

10
20
30
40
50

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

6
4
1
1

-

-

-

1
-

_
-

3
4
1
-

-

-

$3. 50 and over

-----------------------------------------

Establishments having no fo rm a l minimum
W orkers not hired in this category

------

_

Cutters

_

Sewingmachine
operators

_
_
_

-

.
1
_
1
-

-

1
1

_
-

_

_
_

-

12

-

7

-

1

-

3

-

1

-

-

-

54

22

6

4

1

-

39

18

-

-

2

-

28

5

8

1

1

1

8

3

1

-

4

-

1 Minimum job rates relate to the low est form al rates (exclusive of incentive rates) established
fo r experienced w orkers em ployed as cutters and sewing-machine operators.




Middle West

Sewingmachine
operators

2 Includes data fo r regions in addition to those shown separately.




Table 20. Scheduled weekly hours and days
(P ercen t of production w orkers in m en's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments by scheduled w eekly hours and days,1
United States and selected regions, June 1974)
Regions

United
States 1
2

W eekly hours

100

100

100

100

-

(3
)

-

-

-

11

100

89

100

89

4

2
'
“
"

"*
“ ‘

““
- —

100
-

6
94
“

100

(3
)
97
1
3
93

94

96
2
3
91

l

3

1 Data relate to the predominant work schedule of fu ll-tim e day-shift
w orkers in each establishment.
2 Includes data fo r regions in addition to those shown separately.

Table 21.

Middle
West

Great
Lakes

Southeast

100

100
Under 32 hours— — 32 hours—
4 days ------36 hours—
4 days — ~
40 hours - -----“
4 days - —
— "
4 V2 d a y s ------5 days
-------- ---- "
48 hours—
6 days ~ — -

B order
States

Middle
Atlantic

Less than 0. 5 percent.

NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.

Paid holidays

(P ercen t of production w orkers in men's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing, establishments with fo rm al provisions fo r paid holidays,
United States and selected regions, June 1974)
Number of paid holidays
A l l production w orkers

----------------------------------

United
States1

Middle
Atlantic

Border
States

Great
Lakes

Southeast

—

m x x rz

-----------

West

100

100

100

100

100

100

94
10
3
21
5
25
31
(2
)

100

100

88
22
5
24
4
19
13
“

100

100
4

Paid holidays
W orkers in establishments
P rovid in g paid h o lid a y s --------------------------------------2 or 3 days -------------------------------------------------------4 days ---------------------------------------------------------------5 days --------------------------------------------------------------6 days or 6 plus 1 or 2 h alf days ------------------------7 days or 7 plus 2 h alf d a y s --------------------------------8 days ---------------------------------------------------------------9 days ---------------------------------------------------------------

1 Includes data fo r regions in addition to those shown separately.
2 L ess than 0. 5 percent.

-

6
-

32
62
■
NO TE:

-

6
14
40
19
21

_
_
_
-

87
13

_
_

30
14
52

Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.




Table 22. Paid vacations
(P ercen t of production w orkers in men's and boys' separate trou sers manufacturing establishments ■with form al provisions for paid vacations after
selected periods of service, United States and selected regions, June 1974)
Vacation policy
A ll production w orkers ---------------------------------W orkers in establishments providing paid v a c a tio n ---L en gth -of-tim e payment -----------------------------------Percen tage payment-------------------------------------------O th e r----------------------------------------------------------------

United
States1

Middle
Atlantic

Border
States

South­
east

Ureat
Lakes

Middle
West

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
43
54
1

98
52
43
5

100
69
31
-

95
25
69
1

100
100
-

100
54
46
-

2
64
2
19
1
8
2

7
5
4
3
6
46
28

_
20
52
28
-

1
74
1
17
2
-

_
87
_
10
_
3
-

56
_
10
3
31
_

1
40
4
37
2
11
2

7
4
5
6
48
28

14
_
48
39
-

1
54
8
30
_
2
-

_
46
_
_
_
54
_

_
44
_
12
3
41
_

1
21
5
48
2
20
2

_
2
10
5
6
48
28

_
14
8
_
78
-

1
36
9
41
_
8
-

13
_
33
_
54
-

39

41
3

( 3)
9
4
56
( 3)
25
4

2
10
6
54
28

14
8
78
-

1
11
7
67
9
-

_
_
46
54
-

_
22
_
34
_
41
3

( 3)
8
2
49
( 3)
34
4

2
4
6
6
54
28

14
8
78
-

1
11
3
59
21
-

_
41
_
59
-

_
22
_
17
_
58
3

( 3)
8
2
39
( 3)
42
5
( 3)

2
4
6
59
28

14
8
78
"

1
11
3
55
21
2
1

28
_
72
"

22
_
17
_
58
3
"

Amount of vacation pay2
A fte r 1 year of se rv ic e :
Under 1 week ---------------------------------------------------1 w eek--------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------A fte r 2 years of s ervice:
Under 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 weeks ---------------------------------2 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------A fte r 3 years of s e rvice:
Under 1 week ---------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 weeks ---------------------------------2 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 weeks ---------------------------------3 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------A fte r 5 years of s e rvice:
Under 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 weeks ----------------------------------3 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 weeks ----------------------------------A fte r 10 years of s ervice:
Under 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 weeks ---------------------------------2 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------A fte r 15 years of s e r v ic e :4
Under 1 w e e k ----------------------------------- ----------------1 w eek--------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 weeks ---------------------------------2 weeks ------------------------------------------- — ------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------

1 Includes data fo r regions in addition to those shown separately.
2 Vacation payments, such as percent of annual earnings, w ere converted
to an equivalent tim e basis. Periods of service w ere chosen a rb itra rily and do
not re fle c t individual establishment provisions fo r progression. F o r example,
changes indicated at 10 years of service may include changes that occurred
between 5 and 10 years.

-

_
17

3 L ess than 0.5 percent.
4 Vacation provisions w ere virtu ally the same after longer periods of
service.
NO TE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.

Table 23. Health, insurance, and retirem plans
ent
(P ercen t of production w orkers in m en's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments, with specified health, insurance,
United States and selected regions, June 1974)
Type of plan*
1

United
States2
3

border
State s

------- m a a n -------Atlantic

Southeast

and retirem ent plans,

Great
Lakes

—

m a a n -------West

A l l w o rk e rs ----------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in su ra n ce-------------------------------------------------Noncontributory p la n s ------------------------------Accidental death and dism em berm ent insurance —
Noncontributory p la n s ------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance
or sick leave or both3--------------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance ------------------Noncontributory p la n s ------------------------------Sick leave (p a rtia l pay or waiting p e rio d )--------L o n g-term d isa bility insurance -------------------------Noncontributory p la n s ------------------------------H ospitalization in s u ra n c e ---------------------------------Noncontributory p la n s ------------------------------Surgical in s u ra n c e -------------------------------------------Non contributory p l a n s -----------------------------M ed ical in su ra n c e--------------------------------------------Noncontributory p l a n s -----------------------------M ajor m edical in su ra n c e ----------------------------------Noncontributory p la n s ------------------------------R etirem en t plans4 --------------------------------------------P e n s io n s ----------------------------------------------------Noncontributory p la n s ------------------------------Severance pay ---------------------------------------------No plans — ——
--------------------------------- — ----- ---------

94
70
59
45

94
94
12
12

88
34
71
18

96
57
66
44

87
77
67
57

66
66
50
50

44
38
33
6
2

94
94
94

68
68
28

21
17
14
5
-

87
87
77

36
36
36

-

-

-

-

97
66
97
66
85
55
64
37
48
48
43
1
2

98
51
98
51
84
39
64
28
51
49
41
1
2

87
77
87
77
59
49
32
22
82
82
72

83
68
83
68
83
68
43
32
49
49
49

-

-

-

40

94
93
94
93
94
93
4
2
98
98
98

90
36
90
36
90
36
71
18
51
51
51

_

_

■

10

-

_

13

17

G)

1
0




1 Includes only plans fo r which the em ployer pays at least part of the
cost and excludes le g a lly requ ired plans such as workers' compensation and
social security; how ever, plans requ ired by State tem porary disability in ­
surance laws a re included i f the em ployer contributes m ore than is leg a lly
requ ired or em ployees re ceive benefits exceeding the legal requirements,
2 Includes regions in addition to those shown separately,
3 Unduplicated total of w orkers receivin g sick leave or sickness and

accidental insurance shown separately.
4
Unduplicated total of w orkers covered by pension and retirem ent s e v ­
erance pay plans shown separately.
NO TE:
totals.

Because of rounding,

sums of individual item s may not equal

Table 24. O th er selected b enefits
(P ercen t of production w orkers in m en's and boys' separate trousers manufacturing establishments with fo rm a l provision fo r technological severance pay,
funeral leave pay, ju ry duty leave pay, and daily reporting pay, United States, and selected regions, June 1974)
Item 1

United
States2

Middle
Atlantic

-------Border1
States

(jr e a i
Lakes

Southeast

-------m a a is -------West

W orkers in establishments, with provisions for:
Techn ological severance p a y ----Paid funeral l e a v e ---------------------------------------------Paid ju ry duty l e a v e ------------------------------------------D aily reporting p a y ---------------------------------------------

0
22
45
53

1 F o r definition o f item s, see appendix A .
2 Include, data fo r re g io n , in addition to tho.e »hown separately.

-

37
25
80

10
15
26
36

-

23
50
52

-

8
24
78

-

14
17
66

3 L ess than 0, 5 percent.
N O T E: Because of rounding sum. of individual item s m ay not equal totals.

A ppendix A.

S co p e and Method of Survey

Scope of survey

composition of the industry’s labor force, rather than as
precise measures of employment.

The survey included establishments primarily engaged in
manufacturing men’s, youth’s, and boys’ separate trousers
and slacks (industry 2327 as defined in the 1967 edition of
the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, prepared by
the U.S. Office of Management and Budget). Establish­
ments primarily engaged in manufacturing complete suits
(industry 2311) and work pants (industry 2328) were
excluded. Separate auxiliary units, such as central offices
and warehouses, were excluded. Also excluded were plants
primarily engaged in manufacturing suit trousers, and
jobbers, who perform only entrepreneurial functions, such
as buying material, arranging for all manufacturing opera­
tions to be done by others, and selling the finished
products.
Establishments studied were selected from those .em­
ploying 20 workers or more at the time of reference of the
data used in compiling the universe lists. Table A-l shows
the number of establishments and workers estimated to be
within scope of the survey, as well as the number actually
studied by the Bureau.

Production workers

The terms “production workers” and “production and
related workers,” used interchangeably in this bulletin,
include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers
engaged in nonoffice activities. Administrative, executive,
professional, technical, and office personnel, and forceaccount construction employees, who are used as a separate
work force on the firm’s own properties, are excluded.

Occupations selected for study

Occupational classification was based on a uniform set
of job descriptions designed to take account of inter­
establishment and in terarea variations in duties within the
same job. (See appendix B for these descriptions.) The
criteria for selection of the occupations were: the number
of workers in the occupation; the usefulness of the data in
collective bargaining; and appropriate representation of the
entire job scale in the industry. Working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, and handicapped,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers were not
reported in the data for selected occupations but were
included in the data for all production workers.

Method of study

Data were obtained by personal visits of the Bureau’s
field staff to a representative sample of establishments
within scope of the survey. To obtain appropriate accuracy
at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than of
small establishments was studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments were given an appropriate
weight. All estimates are presented, therefore, as relating to
all establishments in the industry, excluding only those
below the minimum size at the time of reference of the
universe data.

Wage data

Information on wages relates to straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work
on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Incentive payments,
such as those resulting from piece-work or production
bonus systems, and cost-of-living bonuses were included as
part of the workers’ regular pay. Nonproduction bonus
payments, such as Christmas or yearend bonuses, were
excluded.
Average (mean) hourly rates or earnings for each
occupation or category of workers, such as production
workers, were calculated by weighting each rate (or hourly
earnings) by the number of workers receiving the rate,
totaling, and dividing by the number of individuals. The
hourly earnings of salaried workers were obtained by
dividing straight-time salary by normal rather than actual
hours.

Establishment definition

An establishment is defined for this study as a single
physical location where manufacturing operations are per­
formed. An establishment is not necessarily identical with a
company, which may consist of one establishment or more.
Employment

Estimates of the number of workers within scope of the
study are intended as a general guide to the size and



33

Table A -l. Estimated number of establishments and workers within scope of survey, and number studied in the men’s
and boys’ separate trousers manufacturing industry, June 1974
Num ber o f
establishm ents

Workers in establishm ents
W ithin sco p e o f stu dy

R eg io n ,1 State, and A rea2

A ctu ally
studied

Within
scope
o f stu dy

A ctually
studied

U nited S ta tes5 ...................................................................

351

164

7 9 ,3 4 0

7 1 ,0 8 6

4 0 ,7 0 0

M iddle A t l a n t i c ........................................................................
P en n sy lv a n ia .................................................................
N ortheast P en n sy lv a n ia ....................................
Border S t a t e s ..............................................................................
S o u th e a st.....................................................................................
A la b a m a .........................................................................
G e o r g ia ...........................................................................
M ississip p i......................................................................
N orth C a r o lin a ............................................................
T e n n e s s e e ......................................................................
Great L a k e s ................................................................................
M iddle W e st................................................................................
M is s o u r i ........................................................................

54
38
12
13
157
16
62
33
11
22
14
19
16

28
23
8
7
79
12
22
22
6
12
9
14
12

5 ,4 1 1
4 ,6 9 1
1 ,7 5 0
3 ,7 5 6
3 3 ,3 1 5
3,8 3 7
1 1 ,8 9 9
8 ,6 2 9
1,6 8 3
6 ,0 4 7
2 ,2 1 8
3 ,1 8 2
2 ,4 4 6

4 ,9 9 4
4 ,3 2 9
1 ,5 7 3
3,375
3 0 ,6 8 0
3,587
1 0 ,7 7 6
8 ,0 5 8
1,551
5 ,6 0 1
1 ,8 0 8
2 ,9 2 6
2 ,2 7 0

3 ,80 1
3 ,5 2 0
1 ,0 9 6
2 ,2 1 2
2 0 ,0 5 6
3 ,0 6 0
4 ,7 3 3
6 ,8 8 6
1,2 6 3
3 ,4 5 2
1,747
2 ,5 3 7
2 ,0 8 6

1 The regions in this study include: Middle Atlantic—
New
Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; Border States—Delaware,
District of Columbia, Kentucky, Maryland, Virginia, and West
Virginia; Southeast—Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North
Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee; Great Lakes—
Illinois,
Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin; and Middle
West—
Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South
Dakota.

A

T otal4

Production
workers

T otal

For definition of Northeast Pa. see footnote 1, table 17.
3 Includes only establishments with 20 workers or more at
the time of reference of the universe data.
Includes executive, professional, office and other workers
in addition to the production worker category shown separately.
Includes data for regions in addition to those shown sepa­
rately. Alaska and Hawaii were not included in the study.

Labor-management agreements

The median designates position; that is, one-half o f the
employees surveyed received more than this rate and
one-half received less. The middle range is defined by two
rates o f pay such that one-fourth o f the employees earned
less than the lower o f these rates and one-fourth earned
more than the higher rate.

Separate wage data are presented, where possible, for
establishments that had (1 ) a majority o f the production
workers covered by labor-management contracts, and
(2 ) none or a minority o f the production workers covered
by labor-management contracts.

Size of community
Tabulations by size o f community pertain to metropoli­
tan and nonmetropolitan areas. The term “ metropolitan
area,” as used in this bulletin, refers to the Standard

Method of wage payment

Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by the U.S. Office
o f Management and Budget through April 1973.

number o f workers paid under the various time and

Tabulations by method o f wage payment relate to the
incentive wage systems. Formal rate structures for time­

Except in New England, a Standard Metropolitan Sta­

rated workers provide single rates or a range o f rates for

tistical Area is defined as a county or group o f contiguous
counties which contains at least one city o f 50,000

individual job categories. In the absence o f a formal rate
structure, pay rates are determined primarily by the

inhabitants or more. Counties contiguous to the one
containing such a city are included in a Standard Metropoli­
tan Statistical Area if, according to certain criteria, they are
essentially metropolitan in character and are socially and
economically integrated with the central city. In New

qualifications o f the individual worker. A single rate
structure is one in which the same rate is paid to all
experienced workers in the same job classification. (Learn­
ers, apprentices, or probationary workers may be paid
according to rate schedules which start below the single rate
and permit the workers to achieve the full job rate over a
period o f time.) An experienced worker occasionally may
be paid above or below the single rate for special reasons,

England, where the city and town are administratively more
important than the county, they are the units used in
defining Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas.



34

but such payments are exceptions. Range-of-rate plans are
those in which the minimum, maximum, or both o f these
rates paid experienced workers for the same job are
specified. Specific rates o f individual workers within the
range may be determined by merit, length o f service, or a
combination o f these. Incentive workers are classified under

Death benefits are included as a form o f life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type o f
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are
made directly to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis
during illness or accident disability. Information is pre­
sented for all such plans to which the employer contributes
at least a part o f the cost. However, in New York and New
Jersey, where temporary disability insurance laws require
employer contributions,1 plans are included only if the
employer (1 ) contributes more than is legally required, or
(2 ) provides benefits which exceed the requirements o f the

piecework or bonus plans. Piecework is work for which a
predetermined rate is paid for each unit o f output.
Production bonuses are for production over a quota or for
completion o f a task in less than standard time.

Minimum rates

law.
Tabulations o f paid sick leave are limited to formal plans
which provide full pay or a proportion o f the worker’s pay
during absence from work because o f illness; informal

Minimum job rates are the lowest formal rates estab­
lished for experienced time-rated workers employed as
cutters and sewing-machine operators. Excluded are incen­
tive paid workers and hourly-rated learners who eventually
will be on an incentive basis.

arrangements have been omitted. Separate tabulations are
provided for (1 ) plans which provide full pay and no
waiting period, and (2 ) plans providing either partial pay or

Scheduled weekly hours

a waiting period.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete
or partial payment o f doctors’ fees. Such plans may be

Data on weekly hours refer to the predominant work
schedule for full-time production workers employed on the
day shift.

underwritten by a commercial insurance company or a
nonprofit organization, or they may be a form o f selfinsurance.
Major medical insurance, sometimes referred to as

Supplementary benefits

extended medical or catastrophe insurance, includes plans
designed to cover employees for sickness or injury involving
an expense which exceeds the normal coverage o f hospitali­

Supplementary benefits in an establishment were con­
sidered applicable to all production workers i f they applied
to one-half or more o f such workers in the establishment.
Similarly, i f fewer than one-half o f the workers were
covered, the benefit was considered nonexistent in the
establishment. Because o f length-of-service and other eligi­
bility requirements, the proportion o f workers actually
receiving the benefits may be smaller than estimated.

zation, medical, and surgical plans.
Tabulations o f retirement pensions are limited to plans
which provide regular payments for the remainder o f the
retiree’s life. Data are presented separately for retirement
severance pay (one payment or several over a specified
period o f time) made to employees on retirement. Estab­
lishments providing both retirement severance payments
and retirement pensions to employees were considered as
having both retirement pensions and retirement severance
plans; however, establishments having optional plans pro­
viding employees a choice o f either retirement severance
payments or pensions were considered as having only
retirement pension benefits.

Paid holidays. Paid holiday provisions relate to full-day and
half-day holidays provided annually.

Paid vacations. The summaries o f vacation plans are limited
to formal arrangements and exclude informal plans where­
by time o ff with pay is granted at the discretion o f the
employer or supervisor. Payments not on a time basis were
converted; for example, a payment o f 2 percent o f annual
earnings was considered the equivalent o f 1 week’s pay. The
periods o f service for which data are presented represent
the most common practices, but they do not necessarily
reflect individual establishment provisions for progression.

Paid funeral and jury-duty leave. Data for paid funeral and
jury-duty leave relate to formal plans which provide at least
partial payment for time lost as a result o f attending
funerals o f specified family members or serving as a juror.

For example, changes in proportions indicated at 10 years

Technological severance pay. Data relate to formal plans

o f service may include changes which occurred between 5

providing for payments to employees permanently sepa­

and 10 years.

rated from the company because o f a technological change

Health , insurance, and retirement plans. Data are presented

or plant closing.

for health, insurance, pension, and retirement severance

Daily reporting pay. Data relate to formal plans guarantee­

plans for which the employer pays all or a part o f the cost

ing a daily minimum wage to an employee who reports to

excluding programs required by law such as worker’s

work as scheduled, but finds no work available or less work

compensation and social security. Among plans included

than can be done in a guaranteed period (e.g., 4 hours).

are those underwritten by a commercial insurance company
and those paid directly by the employer from his current

1
The temporary disability insurance laws in California and
Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.

operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.



35

Appendix B.

O ccupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist
its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a
variety o f payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area. This permits the grouping o f occupational wage rates representing
comparable job content. Because o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea
comparability o f occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly
from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying
these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field staff is instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and proba­
tionary workers.

Cutting

Trouser Fabrication
Inspector, final

Cutter, cloth, machine
Operates or guides the moving knife or blade o f a
powered cutting machine along a pattern outline to cut out
articles from single or multiple layers o f fabric.

(Examiner)
Examines and inspects completed trousers prior to
pressing or shipping. Work involves: Determining whether
the trousers conform to shop standards o f quality and

Cutter and marker, cloth

marking defects such as dropped stitches, bad seams, etc. In
addition, may make minor repairs.
Thread trimmers who may only casually inspect gar­
ments are not included in this classification. In many shops
manufacturing inexpensive garments, there will be no
inspector falling within this description; in those shops
whatever inspection is carried on is usually performed by
thread trimmers.

Arranges patterns on material (other than linings) and
marks outlines o f pattern with chalk and cuts material by
hand or machine. May assemble various parts o f garment,
matching stripes or plaids where required; may also spread
or lay-up layers o f fabric.

Marker
Presser, finish, machine
Arranges patterns on materials to be cut and marks
outline with chalk.

(Off-presser, over-presser, top-presser)
Performs final pressing operations on garments or
garment parts by means o f a powered press, mangle, or
power press equipped with steam jets.

Spreader
Spreads (lays-up) multiple layers o f cloth smoothly and
evenly on a cutting table by hand or with the aid o f a
spreading machine. Cuts each ply to length from the bolt o f

Sewing-machine operator, trousers

material.

purpose sewing machine to perform the stitching involved




Operates a standard industrial machine or a special-

36

Garment repairer

pares records o f goods shipped, makes up bills o f lading,
posting weight and shipping charges. Keeps a file o f
shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing merchan­
dise for shipment.

Operates sewing machine to repair damaged or defective
trousers. Examines repair tags and matchings on garments
to locate defects or damage, such as irregular stitches and
torn or snagged parts. Cuts and pulls seam threads to
remove defective or damaged parts, using scissors or knife.
Joins replacement parts to finished trousers or resews

Stock clerk, garments
Receives completed garments; stores garments according
to size, style, and color; and prepares garments for
shipment. May also keep records o f garments received and
prepared for shipment.
This classification does not include stockroom helpers or
employees who supervise stock clerks and helpers.

defective seams. May perform some o f repairing operations
by hand.

Janitor
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory
working areas and washrooms, or premises o f an office.
Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing : Sweeping,
mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors, removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or
fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing
supplies and minor maintenance services; cleaning lava­
tories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in
window washing are excluded.

Stock clerk, piece goods
Receives bolts o f cloth (piece goods) and checks the
receipts against orders; arranges the cloth in bins or on
shelves according to style, quality, and color; and issues
cloth to cutting department according to requisitions. May
also keep inventory records o f stock and notify the proper
official when cloth is needed; and issue linings and findings
such as buttons, thread, and tape.

Packer

This classification does not include stockroom helpers or
employees who supervise stock clerks and helpers.

Places finished garments in shipping containers. In
addition, may also seal or close container, and/or place
shipping or identification marks on container.

Work distributor
(Bundle boy)

Shipping clerk

Carries or trucks garments in various stages o f comple­
tion to the worker who is to perform the next operation on

Prepares merchandise for shipment. Duties usually in­

garment. May exercise some discretion in distribution o f
work , but has no supervisory responsibilities.

volve a knowledge o f shipping procedures and practices,
routes, rates, and available means o f transportation. Pre­




37

in making parts o f trousers, in joining various trouser
sections together, or in attaching previously completed
trouser parts to partially completed garments. Exclude

Sew on wasitband lining—Sews or fells waistband

workers primarily performing sewing-machine operations
on garments other than trousers.

special machine.

lining to cloth waistband, or to top o f trousers when
there is no separate cloth waistband, on a plain or

Stitch pockets—Stitches around edge o f pocket lining,

Sewing-machine operators working on trouser fabrica­
tion are to
breakdowns:

be

classified

according

after the pockets have been turned, as a reinforcing

to the following

seam.

A ttach crotch pieces—Attaches pieces o f lining to

Thread trimmer and basting puller

crotch for reinforcement.

Trims loose thread ends and/or removes basting threads

A ttach pockets —Attaches completed pockets to trou­

o f trousers prior to processing.
Workers who also carefully examine and inspect gar­
ments are classified as inspectors, final.

sers.

A ttach belt loops—Attaches loops to top and/or
bottom o f waistband.

A ttach f l y —Attaches either/or both right and left fly

Underpresser

to trousers.

Uses hand iron, machine iron, or a powered press to
press garment parts such as pockets, seams, etc., during the

A ttach waistband—Attaches cloth waistband around
top o f trousers.

fabricating process.

A ttach zipper—Sews zipper to either/or both left and
right flys.

Bartacking—Sews bartacks at various parts o f garment
such as at ends o f pocket openings, at the bottom o f

Miscellaneous

fly opening, at top and bottom o f belt loops, and/or
buttonhole ends for reinforcement, on a specially

Adjuster

designed sewing machine.

B uttonhole maker—Makes buttonholes by use o f a

(Sewing-machine repairman)

single or tandem machine.

Adjusts and repairs sewing machines used in the estab­

Hem leg bottom s—Sews hems around bottom o f

lishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing : Examines
machines faulty in operation to diagnose source o f trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines, replacing brok­
en or worn out parts or performing other repairs, and
reassembling machines; adjusting machines to function
efficiently by turning adjustment screws and nuts; regulat­
ing length o f stroke o f needle and horizontal movement
feeding mechanism under needle; replacing or repairing
transmission belts; preparing specifications for major repairs
and initiating orders for replacement parts; using a variety
o f hand tools in fitting and replacing parts. May also do

trouser legs.

Join inseams and outseams—Joins front and back legs
at inner and/or outer seams.

Join seatseams—Joins right and left halves o f trousers
at center, back or seatseams.

Make loops—Sews loop strips into chain which is cut
later into individual loops.

Make pockets—\Adkes either complete front, side, or
back pockets, or complete pockets exclusive o f
sewing facings (piecings) to pocket lining.

adjustments on pressing machines.

Piecing fly s —Performs operations for preparing the
Assembler

fly prior to attaching fly to trousers, exclusive o f
zipper sewing.

(Garment bundler, assorter)

Piecing pockets—Sews cloth facings to pocket linings
before linings are sewed to the trousers.

Gathers garment parts after they are cut and assembles
or groups them into bundles or batches for distribution to
sewing units. May match pieces by color, size, and design

Serging—Makes covering (or overlocking, overcasting,
or serging) stitch over raw edges o f cloth on a special

and place an identifying ticket or number in each bundle or
on each piece. Workers assembling cloth before it is cut ,

machine to prevent ravelling.

and folders at the end o f the production process assembling
com pleted pieces just before packaging , are excluded.

Sew on buttons—Sews buttons on garments by
machine.




38

Industry W age Studies
The most recent reports providing occupational wage
data for industries included in the Bureau’s program o f
industry wage surveys since 1960 are listed below. Copies

offices o f the Bureau o f Labor Statistics shown on the
inside back cover. Copies that are out o f stock are available
for reference purposes at leading public, college, or univer­

are for sale from the Superintendent o f Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or
from any o f its regional sales offices, and from the regional

sity libraries, or at the Bureau’s Washington or regional
offices.

Manufacturing

M anufacturing- Continued

Basic Iron and Steel, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1839
Candy and Other Confectionery Products, 1970. BLS
Bulletin 1732
Cigar Manufacturing, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1796
Cigarette Manufacturing, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1748
Fabricated Structural Steel, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1695
Fertilizer Manufacturing, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1763
Flour and Other Grain Mill Products, 1972. BLS Bulletin

Textiles, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1801
Wages and Demographic Characteristics in Work Clothing

1803
Fluid Milk Industry, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1871
Footwear, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1792
Hosiery, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1863
Industrial Chemicals, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1768
Iron and Steel Foundries, 1967. BLS Bulletin 16261
Leather Tanning and Finishing, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1835
Machinery Manufacturing, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1859
Meat Products, 1974, BLS Bulletin 1896
Men’s and Boys’ Separate Trousers, 1971. BLS Bulletin
1752
Men’s and Boys’ Shirts (Except Work Shirts) and Night­
wear, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1794
Men’s and Boys’ Suits and Coats, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1843
Miscellaneous Plastics Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1690
Motor Vehicles and Parts, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1679
Nonferrous Foundries, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1726
Paints and Varnishes, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1739
Paperboard Containers and Boxes, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1719
Petroleum Refining, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1741
Pressed or Blown Glass and Glassware, 1970. BLS Bulletin
1713
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1844
Southern Sawmills and Planing Mills, 1969. BLS Bulletin
1694
Structural Clay Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1697
Synthetic Fibers, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1740
Textile Dyeing and Finishing, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1757




Manufacturing, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1858
West Coast Sawmilling, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1704
Women’s and Misses’ Coats and Suits, 1970. BLS Bulletin
1728
Women’s and Misses’ Dresses, 1971. BLS Bulletin 17831
Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered, 1971.
BLS Bulletin 1793

Nonmanufacturing
Appliance Repair Shops, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1838
Auto Dealer Repair Shops, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1876
Banking, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1862
Bituminous Coal Mining, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1583
Communications, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1854
Contract Cleaning Services, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1778
Contract Construction, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1853
Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas Production, 1972. BLS
Bulletin 1797
Department Stores, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1869
E d u ca tio n a l Institutions: Nonteaching Employees,
1968-69. BLS Bulletin 1671
Electric and Gas Utilities, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1834
Hospitals, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1829
Hotels and Motels, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1883
Laundry and Cleaning Services, 1968. BLS Bulletin 16451
Life Insurance, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1791
Metal Mining, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1820
Motion Picture Theaters, 1966. BLS Bulletin 15421
Nursing Homes and Related Facilities, 1973. BLS Bulletin
1855
Scheduled Airlines, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1734
1Bulletin out of stock.




A n n o u n c in g :
LOWER SUBSCRIPTION PRICES
The Government Printing Office has announced lower subscription prices for seven BLS periodicals.
The new prices are based on postal classification changes initiated by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Monthly Labor Review

$20 per year

S in g le c o p y
F o re ig n r a te

$ 2 .4 0
$ 2 5 .0 0

Employment and Earnings

$24 per year

S in g le c o p y
F o re ig n r a t e

$ 2 .7 0
$ 3 0 .0 0

Current Wage Developments

$12 per year

S in g le c o p y
F o re ig n r a te

$ 1 .3 5
$ 1 6 .0 0

Wholesale Prices and Price Indexes

$16 per year

S in g le c o p y
S u p p le m e n t
F o r e ig n r a te

$ 1 .8 0
$ 2 .7 0
$ 2 0 .0 0

$9 per year

S in g le c o p y
F o r e ig n r a te

$
.7 5
$ 1 1 .0 0

Chartbook on Prices, Wages, and
Productivity

$11 per year

S in g le c o p y
F o re ig n r a t e

$
.9 5
$ 1 4 .0 0

Occupational Outlook Quarterly

$4 per year

S in g le c o p y
F o r e ig n r a t e

$
$

CPI Detailed Report

1 .3 0
5 .0 0

Subscribe to these U. S. Department of Labor periodicals by writing to the Superintendent of
Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Checks should be made
payable to the Superintendent of Documents.

☆

U

S

G O V ER N M EN T

P R IN T IN G




O F F I C E : 1976

O

- 2 1 0 -8 8 2

(1 6 0 )

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
REGIONAL OFFICES

Region V

Region I

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: (617) 223-6761

9th Floor
Federal Office Building
230 S. Dearborn Street
Chicago , III. 60604
Phone: (312) 353-6033

Region II
Region V I

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: (212) 399-5405

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: (214) 749-3516
Regions V II and V I I I *

Region III

911 Walnut Street
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: (816) 374-2481

3535 Market Street
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: (215) 596-1154

Regions IX and X * *
Region IV

1371 Peachtree Street, NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: (404) 526-5418




450 Golden Gate Avenue
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: (415) 556-4678

* Regions VII and VIII are serviced by Kansas City
** Regions IX and X are serviced by San Francisco
R e v. 5 /7 6

U. S. Department of Labor
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Official Business
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Postage and Fees Paid
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